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Um autem di rae aut et lit, et volore niment eic totas eosam voluptate ene inti con pellabo.


04 Letter from Co-Chairs 05 Education Corners 06 Letter from Editor Rachna Shah

Monika Jain, Charmi Vakharia

Parshva Vakharia and YJA’s Education Subcommittee

Contents 10 12 14 16 2

Local Event Spotlights National Dinners Simmi Nandu

Clothing Drive Simmi Nandu

Retreats Simmi Nandu


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College Chapter Spotlight Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) Jains

On Existential Crisis Kushal Shah

Artist’s Statement Twinkle Shah

26 Reads 28 Interview 30 Dharma and Devotion 32 Cinnamon Pancakes 38 Orange & Almond Granola 40 Sangh Spotlight

Jain Center of Greater Phoenix

Vatsal Gandhi

Amit Jain

Rishi Zaveri

Recipe

Recipe

42 45 48

Why? Hally Shah

How to Say No Without Looking Like a Jerk Jamie Shah

Recovering the Universal Jain Message Professor Kanti Mardia

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letter from Editor Dear readers, Jai Jinendra! In the spirit of our theme, do it yourself (DIY), Young Minds is trying something new. For the months of December, January, and February, we will release a new issue each month under the overarching theme of do it yourself (DIY). DIY is about finding your own way to do something. It can be about improving yourself, improving your environment, or about exploring a new side of your world. It means making do with what you have and what you are. You don’t have to be an expert to try. DIY is building something independently. It ranges from home improvement, like building a patio, to do-it-yourself investing. It’s about being personally involved in the creation of what you use and enjoy. We hope that this magazine can be an experience - a pathway to finding answers to the questions you seek, finding questions you can search for answers to, to being inspired. That’s what DIY is. Standing back, and saying - I did that. What will you do? With #yjalove, Rachna Shah Director of Publications, 2017-19 youngminds@yja.org

In this issue, you’ll find articles, spotlights, interviews, recipes, reading recommendations, local event highlights, and much more: In “Dharma and Devotion”, Rishi Zaveri shares his ninemonth journey with his Guruji in India. “Our goal in this life should be to increase our virtues and decrease our faults, if even by a little.” In our first sangh spotlight, Urmi Mota, a member of the Jain Center of Greater Phoenix (JCGP) shares that “what [she] loves most about JCGP is how much it has changed in the past 15 years”. In “Why?”, Hally Shah shares how she tries to live “a life that might not always answer every question, but one that can still try; because, why not try to understand everything?” In an interview with Amit Jain, he shares his advice for young Jains today: “Find a way to be comfortable with who you are. The sooner you can do that, the sooner the quality of your life will go up. Being different makes you special.”

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letter from Co-Chairs Jai Jinendra,

This past Thanksgiving, we wanted to take a moment to reflect on all the aspects of our lives we are grateful for: family, friends, mentors, and especially, all of our YJA members. Thank you for all that you do, whether it’s attending our local and regional events, participating as a local representative or subcommittee member, reading or writing for Young Minds, and everything in-between! A special thanks goes out to our Executive Board, without whom none of this would be possible. Over the last 2 months, they worked extremely hard to pull off a multitude of events and initiatives for YJA. From successfully conducting 100% Vegan friendly National Dinners and Lunches in over 34 cities across the country, to raising funds during Giving Tuesday, to organizing Thanksgiving Jaaps in various Jain Sanghs, they have been working tirelessly to ensure YJA continues to provide engagement and opportunities to our current and future members.

retreat or fifteenth, we encourage you to sign up for a weekend of friendships, laughs, and #YJAlove.

This issue’s theme is “Do it yourself.” With the new year just around the corner, we implore you to think hard about your new year’s resolutions and goals, and think of a positive change you want to implement and do it! Whether it’s through YJA, community service, or within your own personal lives, email chairs@yja. org with your inspiring goals so we can share them with the rest of our readers! On behalf of all of us here at YJA, we wish you all the happiest of holidays and a wonderful New Year, and we look forward to seeing you all at our winter Retreats and future events! With #yjalove, Charmi Vakharia and Monika Jain Co-Chairs 2018-2019

Even though it’s getting colder outside, we’re excited because it’s almost time for our favorite season of the year: Retreat season! Be on the lookout on YJA social media channels for Retreat savethe-dates and registration coming soon. Whether it’s your first 5


Education Corner: Maun Ekadashi Manvi Harde and Rishi Zaveri

Jai Jinendra!

is one of the most important days for Jains, on par with the days of Once, when Neminath Bhagwan Paryushan and Das Lakshan Parva. came to the city of Dwarka, Shri It is said that 150 Kalyanaks of Krishna came to listen to his serTirthankars occurred or will ocmon. During the sermon, Shri cur, on this day. The 5 Kalyanaks Krishna asked Bhagwan Neminath most relevant to us are Aranath if there was a day Bhagwan’s Diksha on which doing Kalyanak (renun“150 Kalyanaks of Tirtany good deed ciation), Mallinath hankars occurred or will resulted in more Bhagwan’s Janma occur on this day.” punya, or good (birth), Diksha and karma, than any Kevalgyan (omnisother day. Bhagwan Neminath cience) Kalyanaks and Naminath said that there was one such day Bhagwan’s Kevalgyan Kalyanak. - Maagsar Sud Agyaras, commonly known as Maun Ekadashi. On As the name suggests, Maun Ekathis day, the rewards of our good dashi is most widely observed by deeds are multiplied 150 times! keeping maun, or silence. This is not just a silence of speech, but a This year, Maun Ekadashi falls on silence of distractions and negaWednesday, December 19th. It tivity in thought and actions, as 6


“Verbal silence is important because it promotes mental silence, which is the first step towards understanding the infinite qualities hidden within us.�

well. There are many activities we can do to assist ourselves while keeping maun. Many do Upvas, or fasting for 1 full day, so the time saved in eating can be used towards religious purposes. Temples are filled with Jains doing Darshan and Puja. Many perform a ritual known as Dev Vandan, during which they sing about the Kalyanaks of the Tirthankars and recite sutras which describe the auspiciousness of these Kalyanaks. Counting 150 mala (a rosary of 108 beads), one for each Kalyanak, is also a popular way of keeping focused during maun. Maun has a very important role in Jainism. After Tirthankars take Diksha, they keep Maun until they attain Kevalgyan. Many new Sadhus and Sadhvis keep selective Maun during their studying period. Shravaks and Shravikas, too, keep Maun not just on Maun Ekadashi, but also during Paryushan, Das Lakshana, Diwali, etc. Verbal silence is important because it promotes mental silence, which is the first step towards understanding the infinite qualities hidden within us.

As students and young professionals, it may be hard for us to keep Maun for the whole day. Instead, find an hour in your schedule where you may generally socialize or use your phone, and keep Maun during that time. That could be in-between classes or during a break at work. Use this time to meditate or reflect on values such as compassion and self-control. Try to go to the temple in the evening for Darshan or volunteer and use your time to benefit someone in need. Try to improve your qualities as much as possible on this day, because you will be repaid 150 times! If anything in this article has offended you or gone against the teachings of Bhagwan Mahavir, we sincerely ask for forgiveness. Micchami Dukkadam!

To learn more about Maun Ekadashi, check out YJA Pathshala!

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Education Corner: Maun Vrat Manvi Harde and Rishi Zaveri Maun, a Sanskrit word, transIn our busy lives today, true Maun lates to complete silence. Maun seems far away from being practiVrat thus means a vow of silence. cal. However, just ten minutes of Traditionally, Maun requires com- silence in a day is proven to be inplete silence, accompanied with a credibly restful and stimulating for religious practice separate from our brain, allowing ourselves to be worldly activities. Jainism views fully aware in the present moment. introspection as one of the most If you sit and let the thoughts setcrucial steps on our religious jour- tle, the noise disappears, and you ney, and many times this introcan fully and completely see this spection is done in silence. We in- world’s beauty, as well as introtrospect to get to know ourselves spect on the moments that have and to get rid of the voice in our passed during your day. head, the one that is constantly This practice will allow your life welcoming thoughts and speaking to you at all times. The goal of to unfold in many great ways. If introspection is to be in complete you’re present and thoughtful in the ways Maun teaches you, you tranquility - no matter how many will be more fothoughts come on what rushing into your “In our busy lives, true cused you’re doing. In a head, be a quiet Maun seems far from betime when multiobserver who ing practical.” tasking is seen as only exists within a gift, doing one the present moment. True Maun is achieved when thing at a time allows you to be mindful and perfect the task at even thoughts do not intrude hand. Having that single point of our meditation. Maun is a simple focus when you’re working can prayer for silence, because in orpromote happiness on its own. der for us to reach the part of us God has made - our soul that lives Silence is just that - mindfulness for all that is around you and what with an intent and purpose - we have to meditate and focus on the is within. The leaves changing or the smell of really good coffee can silence. 8


reap its fruits, you need “When we talk from the deepest part a positive mindset. If want to observe of ourselves, the truth that lives deep you Maun for a full day, it inside us, we are praying.” does not matter if you have other commitments. Maun is not just be small overlooked things in our the silence of tongue busy lives, but if we choose to but also the purity of mind. Try be mindful in our silence, we can keeping a clear and open head learn to appreciate them much that is free from noisy or negative more. thoughts like stress, regret, or anger. Don’t pull out headphones Practice in silence can also help and listen to music, or check soyou achieve purity of speech. cial media, which is what you may When you practice silence, you usually do when you have a mocan weigh your words before ment of silence. Instead, take a speaking, ensuring your words minute to step back from all that have no harmful effect on anis going on by simply observing. other person and thereby leave Try practicing meditation by just no trace of guilt on yourself as closing your eyes and focusing well. It thus means mastering on your breath as your mouth your tongue. Not only does this closes and your heart opens. Find allow you to feel more in touch your inner silence, and see how with the purpose in your words, this silence is within everyone but you will also begin to underand within the deepest roots of stand that words are not the only the Jain religion. We only know form of communication. God does our own and others’ surface pernot need you to communicate sonalities and who they present through words, because silence themselves as. Dig a little deeper is a prayer. When we talk from and see that though our souls the deepest part of ourselves, the may not speak, they can be felt. truth that lives deep inside us, Maun can be a hard promise to we are praying. Maun Vrat is a fulfill in our lives, as the purity vow to yourself and God that you and silence of our entire selves will use your words wisely, and takes a lot of self-control and that you will pray to God from practice. Take a step back for the deepest part of yourself. It is some time today and slowly start a vow that you will learn how to integrating silence into your life, think before you speak. Although embracing the gift of Maun God Maun entails the abandonment of has blessed us with. noise in head and speech, starting off with speech helps you If anything in this article has ofslowly cut off the noise from your fended you or gone against the life and come back to yourself. teachings of Bhagwan Mahavir, we sincerely ask for forgiveness. To practice Maun in your life and Micchami Dukkadam! 9


Local Event Spotlights Bowling Social YJA attended Jain Society of Greater Atlanta’s Youth Bowling Social. JSGA’s newly formed Youth Sub-Committee hosted a bowling event for all youth ages 13 and above! Region: Southeast 471 North Holt Parkway Suwanee, GA December 1, 2018 @ 4:00PM

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YJA hosts a number of events throughout the year: in addition to our annual National Dinners and Regional Retreats, Local Representatives and Regional Coordinators organize everything from movie or bowling nights to community service activities to Jainism-related speakers or discussions. You can see examples of some YJA events on these pages!


YJA Goes Hiking Region: West Pima Canyon Trailhead 9904 S 48th Street Ahwatukee, Arizona 85044

November 25, 2018 @ 08:30 AM- 10:30 AM

With the sun shining on our backs and the wind keeping us cold, we had an amazing time hiking up Pima Canyon trails as a youth Jain group.” -Sohail Daulat

Game Night Region: South West Campus, UT 2505 San Gabriel 208 Austin, Texas 78705 December 01, 2018 @ 07:00 PM - 11:00 PM

Everyone had a blast and Rushi cooked an amazing curry!” 11


National Dinners “The national dinner was a really fun event because I got to meet new people and make new friends from my region. The friendly atmosphere reminded me of the 2018 convention-- meeting new and familiar faces. It was also really cool that we went to a vegan restaurant to promote a healthy and cruelty-free lifestyle in support of the vegan initiative.� --Sachi Solanki Austin

Los Angeles

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This year we kicked off National Dinner season in late October and wrapped it up in early December. We’re excited to announce that 100% of our Dinners this year were Vegan Friendly, with over a third of them taking place at purely Vegan restaurants. The success with our National Dinners has prompted YJA to launch our Vegan Initiative, in which we make a commitment to having our events be 100% vegan-friendly and focus on promoting both Jain and Vegan diets with respect to the Jain principle of ahimsa. Check out pictures from our 34 National Dinners this year! Boston

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Clothing Drive With winter right round the corner, and seemingly already here in some parts of the country, YJA has officially kicked off our Interregional Clothing Drive Competition. The drive will run from December 2nd to January 13th and we have collection centers set up all across the country. The region that collects the most donations will receive prizes at their regional retreats in 2019, so get collecting! If you don’t see your sangh or locality represented but would like to get involved, reach out to us at events@yja.org so that we can get it set up!

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Where can I find a collection center? Mid-Atlantic | RC: Achal Shah

Northeast | RC: Kaivan Shah

Franklin Township, NJ: JCNJ Sangh

Hartford, CT: JCC Sangh Burlington, MA: JSNE Sangh

Richmond, VA: JSCV Sangh

Boston, MA: JSGB Sangh

Washington, DC: JSMW Sangh

South | RC: Ketan Kapasi

New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University (contact Achal Shah for details)

Austin, TX: JSGA Sangh

Mid-West | RC: Janvi Shah

Houston, TX: JSH Sangh

Chicago, IL: JSMC Sangh

Southeast | RC: Juhi Nahata

Louisville, KY: Louisville Sangh

Atlanta, GA: JSGA Sangh

Kansas City, KS: Kansas City Jain Sangh

Atlanta (GTech), GA: Georgia Tech (contact Juhi Nahata for details)

St. Louis, MO: JCGSL Sangh

Columbus, GA: Columbus Sangh

Cleveland, OH: JSGC Sangh

Raleigh, NC: JSCNC Sangh

Columbus, OH: JCOCO Sangh

West | RC: Akshay Madhani

Indianapolis, IN: JCCI Sangh

Bay Area, CA: JCNC Sangh

Bloomington, IN: Indiana University (contact Krish Kamdar for details)

Los Angeles, CA: JCSC Sangh

Dallas, TX: JSNT Sangh

Alberta, Canada: Alberta Sangh

Detroit, MI: JSGD Sangh

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Retreats Retreat season is officially upon us! Retreat registration will begin in January, exact dates varying depending on your region. This year, the Mid-Atlantic and Northeast will be joining forces to put on the biggest YJA retreat in history at Poconos, as per dearly loved Mid-Atlantic tradition. Poconos and Mid-West retreats will be held in February, followed by South, Southeast, and West in March. Get ready for the most hype retreats and stay tuned for more information regarding location, registration, and transportation!

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College Chapter Spotlight: VCU Jains What impact has your chapter had on your campus’s Jain community? Our chapter is very small; nonetheless, it has brought us back to our roots by keeping us connected with other Jains. It has helped knowing that there are other Jains in the area, especially when first coming to college. What is your college chapter looking forward to this year? What goals do you have in mind? We look forward to holding discussions with our members, socratic seminar style, where we can answer questions and discuss questions and topics that connect Jainism and our everyday lives. By doing this, our goal is to help our members apply Jainism to their everyday lives no matter how small the impact is, or at least to think about how Jainism can impact their lives in ways they wouldn’t expect. What advice would you give someone who wants to start a chapter? Definitely go ahead - you will be surprised how many Jains you can find in your area. It provides a good way to find people with similar mindsets and beliefs and to make new friends.

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By doing this, our goal is to help our members apply Jainism to their everyday lives no matter how small the impact is, or at least to think about how Jainism can impact their lives in ways they wouldn’t expect.

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On Existential Crisis

Kushal Shah

I was the first grandchild in the family, and my mother says that the first word that I learned to speak was “dada” (grandfather). I was very close to my grandfather and would always find an excuse to go to his place, be it because I was strolling nearby, or it was a vacation, or if I had argued with my parents. He fell quite ill in 2012 and after that, had to undergo dialysis twice (later thrice) a week there on. I left India for the first time in 2016, when I went to Doha (Qatar) for a research internship, and then I made a routine to talk to my grandparents at least once a week — come what may!

were planning to bring him home, and when they do, he might not make it. I asked if I should come, and eveTe pos reptibus si res volo ryone strongly contested mycomnimus demod qui ut voleni sit, audaect entium cision. Mydernate dadipra made me talk to vel magnatus endunt, undada overtiorro a video call and this eum ex estorestis aut fugia corem literally broke me down. I do not eum et eatent voleste mquatem. Et auremember crying in a long-time, tem. Nequi odicimet od que niet, quunti alit mo corest quae corepre prorand here sequi I was unable to control pos millabo reptatum faccab il is rem my emotions. I was reading about alique vel iliqui omnitiorem eos et how people staying abroadque cope with the death of a family member, and the author said that attending funerals plays a big role in saying goodbye. I then decided to go, no matter what!

He went to see a doctor, and he was prescribed a very high dose for blood pressure than the usual. He immediately collapsed and was hospitalized for the nth time on July 24th, 2018. This time his blood pressure had dipped way below normal and his heart had grown weaker. I was feeling quite low and then on the 27th, my mother told me that they in happier times 20


The flight was at 5:50 PM and it was already 2:00 PM. I booked tickets and headed straight to the airport. The Emirates flight was fourteen hours long, and never before had my inner critic been so vocal about what I had done. Firstly, I was condemning my impulsive decision and secondly, I was not sure if he would still be alive by the time I reached India. I landed on Sunday and went directly to the hospital. I finally got to see him in person, and there he was lying in his ICU bed, happy and content over the fact that I had come. He was a very practical person and had happily embraced the inevitable. The next few days were spent in the hospital, where immediate family members would take turns to be with him in the ICU room. He was talking to all of us, listening to religious scriptures, and giving me advice on how I should manage my money. Finally on the 31st, he passed away. But that’s not where the story ends; I think this is where it begins. The story of my existential crisis, the story of my first real tryst wIth all things perishable. Jhumpa Lahiri, the author of Namesake, said during promotion of the book

that she would always face the dichotomy to remain loyal to the old world and fluent in the new - and this story is not that different. Living in Seattle, studying and doing research at a great school and working in the tech industry can easily overshadow the middle class upbringings in the sleepy town of Amdavad and the leisurely undergraduate life in the historic city of Jaipur. Philosophy becomes a constrained tool to look smarter during arguments and religion becomes a compulsion during the nine days of Paryushan. Netflix triumphs reading and almost everything is acceptable as long as the dollars keep coming. My dada was very much in pain during the last few days, and whenever the doctor would come and ask him how he was feeling, he would always say that he is alright. He would say that it is his body, which is under pain, and that is not his true self. His true self is the “aatman,”, which is never in pain. He would ask my dadi and my mom to recite different poems, including his favorite Ratnakar Pachissi.


On his last day, he asked us to read this poem by a monk called Keshavlalji Maharaj. Keshavlalji had written this poem during his last moments and my dada would read it quite regularly. The poem highlights the permanence of the soul and it goes something like this:

The entire experience made me mindful on who I was and where I belonged. It made me realize to not venture beyond which there was simply no return. It helped reinforce the belief that time is fleeting and everything material is temporary. It exposed how attachments bring misery, and the emphasis should be on quality and not quantity. I hope that one day, I too can start seeking my actual self, my aatman!


Artist’s Statement

Twinkle Shah

As an Indian-American, I am deeply connected to my Indian roots. I love my vibrant culture and I wear my sand-colored skin with pride, but finding balance between my conservative Indian culture and my liberal American culture is challenging—it often feels like two parts of me at war. Through my modern American perspective, I find major flaws in Indian society, yet I also value my religion, language, and culture in all of its vibrancy: I am both proud and ashamed of my culture. As an Indian woman who thinks highly of her culture, I feel that it is my responsibility to participate in the improvement of it. I hope to bring attention to Indian societal issues and underscore the need to break the restrictive boxes of society. Through practice I’ve learned how to embrace the hyphen in ‘Indian-American’—it has manifested itself in the perfect medium: art. My work is an expression of how I embrace both my cultures, simultaneously using art as an outlet to communicate my views. I use abstraction to suggest that stepping the traditional boundaries might be the way to tackle these issues: by finding a balance in-between liberal and conservative thinking, in-between modernity and tradition, in-between America and India.


women-in-a-box. 9 x 10 x 15 in. mixed.

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women-in-a-box appeared in my IB art exhibition titled in-between: indian-american. The piece uses a variety of media, including fabric from a traditional women’s garment, jewelry, bangles, a circular mirror, and safety pins. All the media allude to a typical indian woman’s day to day objects. One of my favorite parts of embracing Indian culture is adorning myself with jewelry—it is a way I feel beautiful in the skin of my own culture. The use of safety pins represents the often-demeaning expectations of modesty placed

on women by society. The object takes the form of a box, symbolizing the constrictive box women are trapped inside in conservative indian societies. The placement of the jewelry on the box resembles the venus symbol, or the female symbol (♀). The box symbolizes a boundary, control, or restriction, prevalent in conservative Indias. Through my artwork, I have a voice: I stand for the advancement of Indian society, for breaking the stigma, and for replacing old traditions with fresh ones.

Here is a piece I wrote for this work: by the threads of the box were the women kept. cuffed. closed. behind the insulting label of venus. in the circle of femininity is a reflection yours because change begins with you.

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Sangh Spotlight Jain Center of Greater Phoenix

Fast Facts • The Sangh was built on December 25, 2008 and has 500 members today. • The Sangh started as Pathshala and Swadhyays in people’s homes. • Important milestones include Pratishtha and Temple inaugaration (2008). 2018 marks its 10th anniversary. • It is the only Jain Temple in Northern America to have an Ahimsa Stambh and both Digambar and Shwetambar Pratimas together throughout the temple. 26


Urmi Mota, a youth of the temple, shares her experiences: My favorite aspect of JCGP falls in line with how its changed. What I love about JCGP the most is how much it has changed in the past 15 years. When I moved to Phoenix and started going to Pathshala in 2003, JCGP was a group of some families that met on Sundays in a high school. The kids would divide up into different classrooms based on their Pathshala level and would meet up with the parents and other adults afterward for prayers and Aarti. In 2006, JCGP had its Shilanyas as the base for our Prathistha in 2007. Since I was so little back then, I didn’t realize what exactly JCGP was until these ceremonies. These ceremonies truly were lifechanging experiences for so many and brought a lot of people together and closer. Because we have grown so much in the past 15 years, there is a huge family-like feeling within JCGP families, especially for those who have been here since even before we had a Deraser in 2008. I didn’t realize until recently, but a huge part of my life would be missing if JCGP and the connection between the families of JCGP didn’t exist. Since so many of these families have grown up together, it would be impossible to imagine the past decade and a half without thinking about them in JCGP. While there’s been a lot of changes, there are also a lot of annual events (Jain Camp, JCGP Picnic, or JCGP anniversary celebration) that JCGP has been doing for years that has stayed the same which I think are essential to making JCGP what it is today as it has brought so many together and have shaped many of the memories within the Sangh. For the next generation, I think it’s important for them to realize how much they themselves can grow within JCGP. Not only spiritually, there are so many opportunities to meet new friends or companions that could be with them for years to come and chances to get involved within the Sangh with service and helping out. Recently, I haven’t been as involved as I used to be since I came to college and it’s been slightly harder timewise. However, all the kids are super involved when it comes to cultural events such as Mahavir Jayanti or the Sangh’s anniversary celebration in January. We’ve also had a few Seva days in the past where families within the Sangh gathered together to help clean and reorganize our temple! 27


Reads The world-famous author of ‘A Brief History of Time’ provides his final thoughts on our universe, planet and mankind in this book, which draws from hundreds of papers, lectures, essays and speeches of his over the years. If you are worried about where the world is headed in the future and want to restore your faith in science, read this book.

When a book combines history, biology and science all in one amazing narrative about humankind and is recommended by Barack Obama and Bill Gates, it’s got to be worth a read. Where did we come from, what is going to happen to us and what exactly does it mean to be “human”? The book is thoroughly provocative and insightful for anybody curious about ourselves.

What’s your favorite book? Email publications@yja.org and your read could be featured in our next Young Minds issue! 28


Another historical account of the universe, this book summarizes “Big History�, a social studies course created by the author that spans 13.8 billion years. It helps us better understand people, civilizations, and how we are connected to everything around us by focusing on major events, thresholds, trends and questions about our origins.

Walter Isaacson has written biographies for Albert Einstein, Leonardo Da Vinci and Benjamin Franklin, but this is a biography of a man whose vision, strive for perfection and relentless drive changed the course of multiple industries forever by revolutionizing personal computers, phones, tablet computing, digital publishing, music and animation. We get an insight into his professional and personal life while also getting lessons on the character, leadership, innovation and values of arguably the greatest innovator of our generation.

You don’t have to be a soccer fan to enjoy this book - it is a gripping and fascinating true-crime thriller about the biggest sports scandal in history. Corruption, moneylaundering, fraud, betrayal and irony - this book has it all and is undoubtedly investigative journalism at its very best.

Recommended by: Vatsal Gandhi (vatsal.gandhi@yja.org). 29


Interview: Amit Jain

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I remember being under a lot of pressure in high school and it probably wasn’t healthy. Part of that pressure originated from me not being sure what I wanted to do with my life.


Share a portrait of who you were in high school. What did you care about, what values shaped your life, and what did you want to be when you grew up? In high school, I was known as a rebel to many. I didn’t quite fit in with the Jain kids I grew up and I didn’t quite fit in with everyone else. But I was always striving (to a fault) to find a place to fit in. I cared about friendships, relationships, cars, sports, video games, and having fun. I worked hard in school so I could have fun later. It was the cost of doing business in a family where education has the highest value. I remember being under a lot of pressure in high school and it probably wasn’t healthy. Part of that pressure originated from me not being sure what I wanted to do with my life. I wasn’t sure if I was going to into medicine or something else. Share a portrait of who you are today and make a comparison. How have you changed? What sustains you in your work? How does the professional connect to the personal? Today I still feel like I don’t quite fit in, but I am unique just like everyone else. I don’t need a place to fit in and it feels great to have wonderful people gravitate towards me. In college, I found that I wanted to work for myself and build businesses. By my early/mid-twenties I wanted

to help others build their businesses as a consultant. By my late twenties, I had worked with Venture Capitalists and startups and had seen a lot of money exchange hands. I became disillusioned with the system as solutions coming from startups were boiled down to commodities in a portfolio. I decided to focus on working with organizations looking to find solutions for climate change. That’s what I’ve been doing for the past 10 years. It’s tied to values and my spirituality. I’m able to tie Jainism to my work in sustainability everyday. What advice do you have for young Jains today? Find a way to be comfortable with who you are. The sooner you can do that, the sooner the quality of your life will go up. Being different makes you special. What have you recently been working on at work? Currently, I’m working on making our business more sustainable with our operations and within our supply chain. I’m putting together several clean/ renewable energy projects in North America. I am also developing a long-term global strategy for our global business by setting science-based targets for climate change in congruence with the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals.


Rishi Zaveri

Dharma and Devotion: My Adhyatmic Adventure


I found myself asking: “What secret does he know that I don’t which helps him stay happy and peaceful all the time, through even the toughest of trials?” This question played itself over and over again in my mind until I decided I needed to get an answer through any means necessary.

9 months. 120 villages and cities. 1200 kilometers walking. Immeasurable experiences.

Sadhus in general. They own nothing. Have no family. Have no permanent address. Yet, they live without worry. I remembered my Guruji sitIn the summer of 2017, I quit my ting in the Upashray (a place built brand-new career and laidback life by Jain communities for Sadhus for an indescribable journey. I had to stay) during the height of sumbeen working for almost a year, mer in Ahmedabad, where the temexperiencing a new adult life where perature can get up to 115 degrees work mixes with play. I would visit Fahrenheit with 90 percent humidia different city almost every month ty. While I was sweating, feeling unto meet friends. I loved visiting new comfortable, and dreaming of fans, restaurants and trying new foods. he was peacefully singing a beautiThrough all this, however, I felt like ful stavan. I found myself asking: I was missing something. From the “What secret does he know that I outside, it looked as though I had don’t which helps him stay happy everything I needed to be happy and peaceful all the time, through – an awesome job, a new car, sup- even the toughest of trials?” This portive family, great friends, and question played itself over and over freedom. Yet, I was not happy all again in my mind until I decided I the time. There were situations needed to get an answer through in which I found myself feeling any means necessary. So, in July stressed or upset. I made the deci- 2017, I quit my job, packed up, and sion to spend the next nine months left for India. with my Guruji, a Jain Shvetambar Sadhu that I had met five years ago and spent time with on annual visits 9 months. 120 villages and cities. to India. During these times of stress, anger, and various negativity, I thought about my Guruji and the life of Jains

1200 kilometers walking. Immeasurable experiences.

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My time in India began during the monsoon season, Chaturmas, the four months during with sadhus and sadhvis stay in one place. I stayed in an Upashray with my Guruji in the small town of Sheoganj, Rajasthan. My first month was probably the most difficult month of the trip. Between the heat, mosquitoes, food, and lifestyle, there was no shortage of adjustments I had to make. My main goal, however, was to see what knowledge and experience helped sadhus live such a frictionfree life, so I had to live as closely to their lifestyle as I could. I became a Mumukshu, or in training to become a sadhu. The time of a Sadhu, and thus also a Mumukshu, is spent mostly in study. From reading, memorizing scriptures, reflection, meditation, and giving lectures, this is time spent on understanding the self. For me, it meant memorizing scriptures and delving into their meanings. I would spend at least a few hours in the morning memorizing gathas, and spend a couple hours in the afternoon learning what they meant. My nights consisted of revising, by memory, everything I had learned during the day. Some days, I would be able to memorize 20 gathas, and other days, I could barely memorize 2 gathas. Those days, I would get so frustrated and would complain to my Guruji, who would give me a new stavan or bhajan to learn that

day. Over time, I came to realize that the objective of these studies was not to just gain the actual knowledge, but that it was a form of mental shielding. When a Sadhu is engrossed in his studies, he is not thinking about the outside world, he is not aware of what is being said or done around him, and he experiences no raag (attraction) or dvesh (aversion) towards anything. These states cause an imbalance in our mind where we are not able to experience the mental peace we strive for. That is why when I would get frustrated with learning one thing, Guruji would point me in another direction – to re-center me. After the monsoon season ended, it was time to leave Sheoganj and start vihar. Vihar is travel done by Sadhus, by foot, so that they do not stay in one place for too long outside of the monsoon season. This is to prevent him from becoming too attached to the place he stays. Although my Guruji had become fond of Sheoganj, and the people of Sheoganj fond of him, as the days to leave came near, he did not show one bit of sadness. In fact, I felt a sense of restlessness in all the Sadhus. Vihar is the heart and soul of a Sadhu where the true strength of their resolve is tested. During this travel, I had the opportunity to truly witness my Guruji’s true powers – his presence of mind, universal compassion, detachment from sansar (the worldly life), and willpower. During


the five months of vihar I spent with my Guruji, we traveled over 1200km (750mi). On our journey, we sometimes stayed in big towns and cities, and other days in small villages and hamlets. We spent nights in proper Upashrays, Jain households, Hindu temples, factories, schools, and government buildings. We walked in 40-degree weather at 5 am and 100-degree weather at 11 am. We walked through jungles, mountains, and deserts. I ate what people fed me - sometimes the food was spicy, sometimes extra salty, and sometimes completely bland. I sometimes only had enough water to drink, and there were long stretches of days where I did not shower. I visited hundreds of temples some new, some centuries old. I was blessed to do Darshan of

countless idols of Bhagwan, even a few of Mahavir Bhagwan that were made while he was still living. I fell in love with Rajasthan – its culture, traditions, food, language; and most of all, its people – their hospitality, kindness and affection. Non-Jain villagers would open their doors to us to stay and invited Sadhus to come for Gochari (Sadhu’s method for asking for alms). Even if much of their food did not meet our dietary restrictions, they would still force Guruji to take something, even if it was just some milk or ghee. They would come at night to wherever we were staying for Satsangh (when a sadhu or learned person gives a religious discourse). Although most of the villagers were not Jain, Guruji would give lectures on morality and general spiritualism. He would reference


“I have not enjoyed or been more at peace with myself than I was during this time. Even on the days I had to walk 18km, with a pulled muscle in my foot, while fasting, I never felt regret or anxiety.” the works of great Indian philosophers, like Saint Kabir and Tulsi Das. In areas with Jain communities, my Guruji and the other Sadhus would give discourses which contain more Jain Tattvagyan (philosophy). They would invite children to the Upashray and teach them different sutras or tell them stories. Many of the places we visited were not frequented by Sadhus and Sadhvis too often, so Guruji would be begged to stay for an extra day or two. Phalsund was one such community where I witnessed something that touched my heart. We reached Phalsund in the late morning after walking about 19 kilometers. We planned on resting for the night and leaving the next morning. Guruji held a Pravachan (lecture) that night on the lessons we can learn from the life of Mahavir Swami. The Sangh was so happy to have a Sadhu in their village after so long that they begged us to stay for one more day, and Guruji agreed. After the lecture, one Bhai stayed back to talk with Guruji. Guruji had noticed that this Bhai had a habit of chewing tobacco, so at night he explained to him how harmful tobacco is for health and

general well-being. The next day, the same Bhai came again to meet Guruji. He requested Guruji to come to his house for Pagla (it is considered auspicious to have a respected person step foot in one’s house). Guruji denied the request, claiming that if he did it at Bhai’s house, he’d have to do it everywhere. The Bhai kept pleading, and as a final gesture of his respect for Guruji, he told Guruji that he would take a Badha of quitting tobacco for the rest of his life. Guruji agreed, gave him the Badha and went to his home. Two months later, he called me and told me that he had remained clean the whole time. Tobacco addiction, like many other drug addictions, is extremely hard to shake off, and the fact that this Bhai was able to do it just out of his devotion to Guruji impressed upon me the hidden power that lies within our Sadhus. I can wholeheartedly say that to this day, I have not enjoyed or been more at peace with myself than I was during this time. Even on the days I had to walk 18km, with a pulled muscle in my foot, while fasting, I never felt a bit of regret or anxiety. I knew that I had my Guruji looking over me and providing me with his blessings. By observing Guruji and the other Sadhus, I had also learned so much about how life is meant to be lived – simply, compassionately, and with conviction. My


Guruji had trained me to face any challenge with a clear mind and accept all troubles with a smiling face. He taught me to be strong in my convictions – to never sacrifice my morals and values. He showed me the value of our religion and our Sadhus, even in the 21st century. One thing he told me, which I will never forget, is that our goal in this life should be to increase our virtues and decrease our faults, even if by a little. This is something I have pledged my life to doing each and every day.

The above was an attempt at an impossible task. There are no words that can accurately represent the blessings of my Guru, the support of countless strangers, or the feeling of freedom I felt on my journey. If my story has piqued your interest even a little bit, then I ask one thing. Next time you go to India, ask your parents or relatives to take you to a Sadhu or Sadhvi in your city. Ask them about their life – why did they take Diksha, what is keeping them in it?

“Next time you go to India, ask your parents or relatives to take you to a Sadhu or Sadhvi in your city. Ask them about their life – why did they take Diksha, what is keeping them in it?” So what was the answer to the burning question that prompted my journey? What was the secret to a Sadhu’s peace? I do not think I have the full answer yet, but I found the three main ingredients: Shraddha, Samarpan, and Samta. Shraddha means absolute faith – in Bhagwan, in his teachings, and ultimately, in our own self. Samarpan is total surrender – to Bhagwan, to one’s Guru, and to one’s Dharma. Samta is the state of equanimity – towards our friends, towards our enemies, and towards the world. Through years of practice and penance, a Sadhu develops these traits and embarks on his journey towards infinite peace, or Moksh.

Some of you may have a language gap, but try the best you can. If I have written anything which has hurt or upset you in any way or which is against the teachings of Mahavir Swami, I sincerely ask your forgiveness. Michhami Dukkadam.


bike

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Percimodi aut explitibus volo volum quatqui consequi omnihic tenis et ex et qui offic toribus volorisquis volut quam quas aut laut andaerf eruptiore cus desequo quatiae excero maximo et unt ulla alit inis aut maiorem evelique doluptatur sunt autatecab istota quisimusdae acil iusam remqui nemolup tatesequodi dolupti simusam nem. Qui blandam, tem di aciis voluptaturem vendae. Et estrunt ut ommoluptate porrunt volo ipitatur a et esti aut dellantotat.

What’s your favorite winter recipe? Email publications@yja.org and your recipe could be featured in our next Young Minds issue! 38


Cinnamon Pancakes Prep Time: 5 minutes Cook Time: 12 minutes Total Time: 17 minutes Servings: 2 Author: Hurry The Food Up Ingredients 1 cup flour (whole wheat) 1 tsp baking powder 1 tsp cinnamon powder 4 tbsp maple syrup 1 cup applesauce 1 cup milk* 2 tbsp butter** *Vegan replacement: almond milk **Vegan replacement: applesauce

TOPPING IDEAS: peanut butter; bit of cream and a splash of lemon; lightly mashed blueberries heated.

Instructions 1. Put the flour, baking powder, and cinnamon powder into a bowl. 2. Add the applesauce, milk and syrup and beat well with a fork or hand blender. 3. Roughly half the butter will go into the pancake batter. To do that either use the microwave or heat it up in the pan you’re about to use for the pancake and then pour it into the mix. 4. Keep the heat on medium. Add a ladle of mixture at a time to the pan, cooking for about 3 minutes. Flip the pancake and cook for another 3 minutes. 5. Before every ladle of mixture grease in the pan with a small dollop of butter. Enjoy!

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Orange & Almond Granola Prep Time: 10 minutes Cook Time: 20 minutes Total Time: 30 minutes Servings: 8 cups Author: Cookie and Kate Ingredients 2 teaspoons orange zest (from about 1 ½ oranges) 2 tablespoons sugar 4 cups rolled oats 1 ½ cup raw almonds 1 teaspoon fine sea salt 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon ½ cup extra-virgin olive oil or melted coconut oil ½ cup maple syrup 1 tablespoon vanilla extract ¾ cup raisins, preferably golden MAKE IT GLUTEN FREE: Use certified gluten-free oats. MAKE IT NUT FREE: Substitute pepitas for the almonds.

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Instructions 1. Preheat the oven to 350 degrees Fahrenheit and line a large, rimmed baking sheet with parchment paper. 2. In a small bowl, combine the orange zest and sugar. Use your fingers to rub the zest into the sugar until it’s bright orange and very fragrant. This step will ensure that your granola is infused with orange flavor. 3. In a large mixing bowl, combine the oats, almonds, salt, cinnamon and orange sugar. Stir to combine. Pour in the olive oil, maple syrup and vanilla, and mix well. 4. Pour the granola onto your prepared baking sheet. Spread the granola into an even layer. Bake for 19 to 23 minutes, stirring halfway, until the granola is turning lightly golden in color. The granola will crisp up as it cools. 5. Let the granola cool before stirring in the raisins and breaking up the granola into chunks as necessary. Store the granola in an airtight container at room temperature for 1 to 2 weeks, or keep it in the freezer for longer shelf life.


bike

Ferum il molor si bea que volum int et, veles as et aut eumque et, ut abo. Nem am fugitium harum fugia non comnim quat hic to berum et quiassunt quiam fuga. Ut labo. Tempos as sini debit ipsundit aut re atem aut odis moluptia sequiam eos apienihil iumquis aperepr eicipsae. Hil magnatis eaquature raturest aut res et amus rat receperchil id eum et

Percimodi aut explitibus volo volum quatqui consequi omnihic tenis et ex et qui offic toribus volorisquis volut quam quas aut laut andaerf eruptiore cus desequo quatiae excero maximo et unt ulla alit inis aut maiorem evelique doluptatur sunt autatecab istota quisimusdae acil iusam remqui nemolup tatesequodi dolupti simusam nem. Qui blandam, tem di aciis voluptaturem vendae. Et estrunt ut ommoluptate porrunt volo ipitatur a et esti aut dellantotat.

What’s your favorite winter recipe? Email publications@yja.org and your recipe could be featured in our next Young Minds issue! 41


Why?

Hally Shah

A three letter, one syllable, simple word; a word that on its own has the power to terrify us. The word why holds the power to stop even the fastest person and frighten the most powerful person. It is the word that led to mankind landing on the moon and our creation of the telephone; but for those, it was not just why, but rather why not. Why not? The question rendered my parents speechless every time I doubted their ways. It may have annoyed them, but more importantly, it left my parents without an answer. This question came up mostly when ma and dad told me to do something that, naturally to my 6-year-old brain, didn’t make sense. Why can’t we eat green vegetables on tithi? Why not eat tater tots? Why not walk with shoes? Why not…?

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As the years progressed, and I came to understand the science, history, and purpose of our religion, I found that our religion has plenty of reasoning: Jainism is founded on the principle that we must not act, speak or think of harming any living being. Our rules are made on the basis of how people lived at the time. The science based on what was present during that time. With these understandings, I figured out a way that I could practice our religion without feeling as though I was constantly breaking it. The rules that my parent oh so graciously told me about have their own explanation, the big one is no root vegetables. I understood why we don’t eat such vegetables when I incorrectly completed an osmosis lab. My 8th grade science class was supposed to put one carrot stick in salt water and one in fresh


why not? water. The purpose of the lab was to see the physical changes that occur to carrots due to the diffusion of water through the membrane. I had missed the day and had to complete the lab with broccoli at home—it didn’t work because the “skin” cells in the membrane are different in broccoli and carrots. In root vegetables, we have cells on the “skin” or membrane with semi-permeable boundaries that allow the diffusion of water. By adding the variable of fresh and salt water we create a difference in the rate of diffusion. The diffusion through the boundaries allow the vegetable to either become flimsy or stay stiff. Basically, similar to humans, root vegetables continue to grow in fresh water just like humans and many fish. Which meant, root vegetables are in a sense a form of living being.

I try to live a life that has the least himsa within it. A life that encourages knowledge. A life that might not always answer every question, but one that can still try; because, why not try to understand everything?

Now in 8th grade I figured out exactly why 43


we cannot eat root vegetables. I should say, right then and there I gave up all root vegetables! Unfortunately, that was a big no; between school, travel, and lifestyle I could not give up everything our religion said is against our diet. While many might say these are simply excuses, I reason with myself with the idea that I live practicing our principles. Our principles, beyond ahimsa include Dharshan (vision), Gyan (knowledge), and Charitra (conduct). My reasoning is although I cannot follow the lifestyle of Jainism to the T, I can try my best to practice our principles.

“

The idea is that while I do not follow every single rule, I follow the ones that I can to the best of my ability.

By having the right vision, right knowledge, and right conduct, I can still practice Jainism without feeling restricted. The idea is that while I do not follow every single rule, I follow the ones that I can to the best of my ability. I try to live a life that has the least himsa within it. A life that encourages knowledge. A life that might not always answer every question, but one that can still try; because, why not try to understand everything?

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How to Say No Without Looking Like a Jerk

Jamie Shah

Generally, a negotiation is all about “Getting to Yes”: It is about cooperation, collaboration and finding opportunities to create a winwin situation. However, I don’t think that “Getting to Yes” is the hard part. What is actually difficult is saying, “No.” Saying, “No” makes you look and feel like the bad guy: someone who is uncooperative and difficult. However, every day we are confronted with situations where we have to analyze the costs and benefits of sacrificing our own happiness to satisfy that of others. Wouldn’t it be nice to be able to say no with confidence to the unfulfilling obligations (no matter how big or small) in your life? I’m here to share three tips to make it easier for you to say no so you can spend a little more time doing things that make you happier: 45

(1) Don’t Say Yes in the First Place In the words of Leonardo Da Vinci, “It is easier to resist in the beginning than in the end.” Don’t let yourself procrastinate and think that you will be able to say no to a prior commitment at a later time. We often get caught up not wanting to let the other party down by initially committing with the full intention of backing out later. However, the longer you wait to cancel, the more the person is depending on you to follow through on your commitment. I’ve learned there is a direct relationship between the longer you wait and the more you look like a jerk: as time towards the commitment increases, your jerk factor increases. Moreover, the longer you wait, the guiltier you feel to cancel, making it more difficult to follow through on your initial intent.


(2) My Way or the Highway Technique The “My Way or the Highway Technique” involves saying yes, but using caveats to make the commitment work on your own terms. For example, if a friend would like to meet for dinner, choose to meet at a place that is convenient to you or at a restaurant you enjoy. If you’re like me, you’ll say, “Yes, let’s meet at my favorite restaurant, Taco Bell!” This way you are also making the commitment work for you. (3) Give a Reason People love reasons. Having an answer to a question fulfills a basic human need as we are always looking for reasons to questions that have no answer: Why is the sky blue? Why is the grass green? In a study conducted at Harvard University (Langer, 1978), a researcher asked a small favor of people waiting in line to use the library photocopier. The favor was asked in two ways: Version 1 (Providing a Reason): Excuse me, I have five pages, may I

In the words of Leonardo Da Vinci, “It is easier to resist in the beginning than in the end.” Don’t let yourself procrastinate and think that you will be able to say no to a prior commitment at a later time.

give a reason use the Xerox machine, because I am in a rush. Version 2 (Not Providing a Reason): Excuse me, I have five pages, may I use the Xerox machine? In the Version 1, where the researcher provides a reason, the researcher has a 94% success rate of being able to cut the line. This is compared to an only 60% success rate by providing no reason (as in Version2). This alone shows that people are more willing to comply with you when you provide a reason. However, what is most interesting is the third version of the favor: Version 3 (Providing no real reason): Excuse me, I have five pages, may I use the Xerox machine, because I have to make copies? (Here, the re46


searcher did not add any new information with the reason and is, instead, stating the obvious.) Presumably, Version 3 (providing a nonsensical reason) would receive the same low success rate as Version 2 (providing no reason). However, Version 3 resulted in a 93% success rate, nearly identical to Version 1 (providing a good reason). This study proves that even if you are providing a ‘nonsensical’ or ‘bad’ reason, people are just as willing to accept your response as if you had provided a ‘justifiable’ or ‘good’ reason. Life is full of opportunities; there is always so much going on and it can be difficult to prioritize. Hopefully, you find that these three techniques will help you get the most out of your time with the least amount of stress.

“Even if you are providing a ‘nonsensical’ or ‘bad’ reason, people are just as willing to accept your response as if you had provided a ‘justifiable’ or ‘good’ reason.”

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Recovering the Universal Jain Message Professor Kanti Mardia It is an unfortunate truth that violence dominates the news. Lately, reports of sexual violence surface almost daily, alongside coverage of all-too-frequent mass shootings in the USA and other acts of terror committed around the globe. Consequently, the world can seem like a dark place, leading us to ask painful but necessary questions: What is the antidote to such violence? How do we begin to make sense of these problems and see a clear way forward? For Jains, the answer is to embrace a philosophy of compassion, or ahimsa, meaning non-violence or non-harm. While the truths of the Jain dharma are eternal, they are not always so easy to comprehend. The original Jain scriptures are vast and written in obsolete languages like Prakrit. As the popular language changes, the challenge of mapping these ancient ideas into a modern context and idiom emerges. Seeing this need, I formulated the Four Noble Truths of Jainism, in consultation with many

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Jain gurus and scholars. With these Four Noble Truths, I present a novel scientific map to the ancient Jain path; a road map to Jainness, containing both theory and applications. To be clear, when discussing Jainism, I refer not to an –ism but to Jainness as a science of life. In the same way that we speak of Christianity rather than Christianism, my emphasis will be on Jainness (Jainatava), or the quality of being a Jain, rather than Jainism. We might instinctively define Jainness in relation to ahimsa, but let us first see what the Jain scriptures say. In the Dasavaikalika-sutra, we find: “Prathamam jnanam tato daya� (First knowledge, then compassion). With Jainness, knowledge precedes compassion. The emphasis is on knowledge before we progress to ahimsa. A similar thought was expressed by Einstein:


the first step to Jainness? Of course, there must be belief in the teachings of the Tirthankaras, and to see their teachings in a modern context, I have put forward Noble Truth 1: “The soul exists in contamination with karmic matter and it longs to be purified.” This presumes belief in multiple concepts, including the existence of soul, its interaction with a foreign substance (namely, karmic matter), and the innate desire to be free from karmic matter.

“Science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind.” Science, derived from the Latin scientia, means “knowledge,” while religion corresponds to “spirituality.” So this could read: “Spirituality without knowledge is blind.” One is the left hand and the other is the right hand—both must work together to lead a successful life of Jainness. The question follows, what is

We can understand these concepts more easily by appealing to modern science, which in a way has been searching for “soul” through research into consciousness. Karmic matter is formed of karmons—invisible particles similar to the elementary particles of modern physics, like photons and electrons. Photons make light and electrons produce electricity, but we don’t see the individual particles. In the same way, the soul absorbs and emits karmons when inter-

Science, derived from the Latin scientia, means “knowledge,” while religion corresponds to “spirituality.” So this could read: “Spirituality without knowledge is blind.” One is the left hand and the other is the right hand—both must work together to lead a successful life of Jainness.

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acting with karmic matter. While the concept of karma is familiar to many religions, we can understand the Jain conception of karma as karmic matter through analogy. When gold is mined in its raw form, it is covered by dirt and dust – its full lustre only emerges once this dirt is removed. Similarly, karmic matter is the “dust” on the soul. Eventually, all karmic matter leads to kashayas, or destructive emotions that butcher the quality of the soul. The four kashayas are Anger, Greed, Ego, and Deceit. Collectively, these destructive emotions make us AGED. So what is the pivotal action needed to remove this karmic matter? How can the soul achieve its lustre? This takes us to Noble Truth 4B: “Violence to oneself and others results in the heaviest karmic matter, whereas helping others

towards moksha with positive non-violence results in the lightest karmic matter.” We see that ahimsa is at the heart of Jainness. The underlying formula to shed the karmic matter was articulated by Suri Haribhadra: “Freedom from kashayas is the only way to liberation.” This is not an easy subject, so do not expect instant learning. Jainness, as a science of life, is really the science of a lifetime. For Jains, it is the science of innumerable lifetimes! For more details on the Four Noble Truths, please visit Facebook. Songs giving a broader view of these Noble Truths are available on YouTube. A pocketbook Jain Thoughts and Prayers also summarises some of these ideas. To conclude, “Let Jainness thrive!”

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2020 Convention Interest Survey YJA 2020 Host City Interest Survey has been released! Did you attend the 2018 YJA Convention or hear about how much fun it was? Wish it had been hosted in your hometown? Well, now is your chance to bring the next convention to your city! YJA is looking for an eager group of youth volunteers and the support of an interested Jain Sangh to help us with YJA Convention 2020. Fill out this interest survey and receive more information about the 2020 Convention Bid Packet: http://bit.ly/2020YJA. The survey closes on December 24th, 2018 at 11:59 PM EST. *The interest survey is NOT binding!! The official Convention Bid Packet will be released later.*


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