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Young Edition THE

AN INTERCOLLEGIATE LIFESTYLE PUBLICATION Copyright © 2009 • Young Society, Inc. • Editor-in-Chief, Paul Young Kim • Vol. 1, No. 1

Breaking collegiate boundaries.

Blending your punch.

CONTENTS • Volume 1, Number 1 A Message from the Editor................................................................................................. 3 About the Society............................................................................................................... 4 Bush’s Legacy.................................................................................................................... 5 A Dartmouth Commentary.................................................................................................. 6 Electronica: Electronically Generated Music...................................................................... 8 About the Contributors...................................................................................................... 10 Still in the Works................................................................................................................ 11

Copyright © 2009 • Young Society, Inc. • Editor-in-Chief, Paul Young Kim • Vol. 1, No. 1

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Blending your punch.

A Message from the Editor

Paul Young Kim founded the society during the summer of 2008. He was 17.

Founder’s Statement: Why I did it. I felt compelled to pursue such a project after realizing (A) that my generation experienced (and will continue to experience) an ever growing conflict with the college admissions process and the distinct boundaries created between universities nationwide due to such restricted or exclusive admissions policies (B) that my generation experienced (and will continue to experience) events quite distinct from any other generation in the near past (not merely just the beginnings of a full-blown anti-terroristic war). We were the generation that saw the rapid

growth and dramatic effect of the internet (Facebook, Google, Wikipedia), and we were the generation that saw the election of an AfricanAmerican president. We were the generation that redefined college admissions exams such as the S.A.T. and we were the generation that faced financial concerns in regards to affording university. We are also the generation that will be facing the beginnings of a severe economic recession and we are also the generation that will be facing the challenges of adjusting to a new world-order. I thought that it was best to create a firm network of stu-

Copyright © 2009 • Young Society, Inc. • Editor-in-Chief, Paul Young Kim • Vol. 1, No. 1

dents earlier on in our "careers" rather than later on before it was too late. Realizing that it would be most interesting if such a society were created at the "crux" of our educational careers (the beginning of our collegiate life), I launched the project upon graduating from secondary school. Most important to me was the society’s mission. I made sure that one of the primary goals of the society was to promote collaboration across colleges and universities nationwide. It is old news to hear of students from one particular college accomplishing this or discovering that. What would be Page 3

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interesting to see for once is a sole endeavor being pursued by individuals from all different kinds of universities. Regardless of the institution one comes from, the Young Edition asks you to share your works of writing. The publication is a blender where anyone and everyone may contribute to the punch. Therefore by putting college/university ties aside, I believe that we can create something really interesting. While it has not been easy organizing everything (since doing so when all the members are scattered throughout the United States makes things rather tricky), I've done pretty well in getting the members organized thus far. We hope to hold a conference and a gala sometime during the summer. As always, the primary focus of this project is to break the boundaries found between university institutions once and for all. And by doing so, we hope to create an editorial that is chock full of diverse works. Editor-in-Chief, Paul Young Kim

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About the Society

by means of direct collaboration with numerous differing (and contrasting) perspectives. The basis of the organiWho We Are, What We Are. zation is to promote communication The Young Society, Inc. (tYsi.) is an and debate across universities as to intercollegiate student-run "collabora- better diversify the ideas being tory" and non-profit organization thought throughout the country as well as the world. founded by Paul Young Kim. A collectivity of sorts, TYSi* is a clearing History: The society was founded house where individuals, specifically during the 2008 Presidential election bound for or already in university, hope and amidst the 2008 recession of the to re-think current topics, events, and U.S. economy. Originally started during the summer of 2008 as an online ideas in a relative and open-minded fashion (via conferencing). Members forum known as the "Dead Poets Sofocus on the importance of tolerance ciety", the forum spiraled into something more with the help from a few of and the significance of learning Copyright © 2009 • Young Society, Inc. • Editor-in-Chief, Paul Young Kim • Vol. 1, No. 1

Paul's colleagues that included Alexander Park, a senior at Phillips Academy, Eleni Marmarelis, a freshman at Dartmouth College, Peter Kim a freshman at Emory University, Branko Backovic, a freshman at Yale University, Bohuslav Romanenko, a first year student at the University of Oxford, and Peter Davis a freshman at Harvard University, and Fred Carter, a freshman at Lehigh University. Current Mission: The nature of the society is two-fold: one sector is kept private while the other sector is made public. Members are selected based on various defining criteria. All members are expected to build strong and lasting friendships with each other therefore enabling networking opportunities for such students across universities. Instead of learning within one’s own institution of higher learning, the society provides a way in Page 4

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which the brightest and most passionate students nationwide can learn, converse, and grow together (regardless of the institution they come from). Therefore, the organization boasts itself as a “truly intercollegiate society”. The purpose of the society in terms of the public is to ultimately provide the government, the general public, and the universities with a collaboration of thoughts, works, and ideas produced by students from all different walks of life. By gaining contributors from secondary schools and universities nationwide, the organization aims to gain recognition and legitimacy as the next generation’s premiere student run collectivity. The society's membership currently represents 25 universities, including 2 in the United Kingdom. By Young Society, Inc. What exactly did he do right? With the entire nation if not the world embracing the rise of the ever so popular Barack Obama, it appears as if the complete disappearance of number 43 from the press, media, and society has gone entirely unnoticed. Not to say that it has been customary for the predecessor of the Oval Office to make a quiet departure from his position, especially at times when the one who succeeds must hit the ground running due to the current state of things (in which the previous commander-in-chief left them to be).

Blending your punch.

Bush’s Legacy.

that distinguishes Bush and his administration from any other "failed" presidential administration. While the general public has made it seem clear that Bush was incompetent and at times negligent in terms of his duties, powers, and decisions, whose to say It is only natural then, that the people that the nation and the world have focus on the successor, the one who been incompetent and at times neglihas come to pick us up. Take Ronald gent when criticizing his every move. Reagan's rise to fame for example as What it comes down to is the fact that the nation's 40th president. The coun- the Bush administration did at least try, at the time, was in a similar period one thing well, and that is keeping of "malaise", economically to be more their intel secret and hidden from the exact, and with his election to the exprying eyes and ears of the press. In ecutive office, Jimmy Carter was fact it makes perfect sense as to why somehow swept away with the dust of the public views Bush's presidency as his administration's accomplishments. a particularly huge fumble. It's beMany still consider him to be one of cause compared to any other presithe "worst" presidents our nation has dency, we know the least about this ever seen. Yet when one takes a look one. In knowing so little about the at Mr. Carter today, it's agreeable that inside workings of Bush's Washington, he is a wonderful humane man who it's inevitable that his actions and desimply had to make several hard deci- cisions appear ridiculous to the gensions when in office. When one looks eral and dare I say, ignorant, public. at Bush later on, or perhaps even now, While Bush himself might have been a similar conclusion may be drawn, somewhat innocent and possibly inhowever there is one key difference competent, his administrative staff as

Copyright © 2009 • Young Society, Inc. • Editor-in-Chief, Paul Young Kim • Vol. 1, No. 1

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well as his overall connections were all very well educated and well informed. What do we know about Condoleeza Rice and General Rumsfeld really? Where did they really stand in Bush's war against terror or his policies to invade Iraq? What did they really know about Sadam's regime and the economic future of America? The press and media outlets that fed the public information throughout the entire Bush administration would have no way of really knowing the topics they were covering (otherwise they would be working in the White House and not the press room). At times they would simply have to bend the truth and make stuff up solely due to the fact that the Bush administration was too good at keeping things secret. In foresight, this might seem unacceptable and ludicrous, however perhaps 50 years from now in hindsight, it may be considered a stroke of pure genius. We've lost sight of the pros to a conservative culture, and this seems daunting to America's future. Secrecy, privacy, and Government manipulation of the public are all things America has needed to grow up with whether one chooses to accept the fact or not (take a look at the CIA). America's status as a super world power can be attributed to this element of conspiracy. And for those who think its all a hoax, well then true democracy has a funny resemblance to communism, if not anarchy. From a clearer looking glass, Bush's legacy is still yet to be determined. One cannot judge his presidency as of now, since his doings have not enacted their full consequences just yet. With the way things just might work out, his presidency may prove to be one of the most re-

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vered in the history of America. It just goes to explain why number 44 is having a much more difficult time dropping and reversing all of his predecessor's policies. By, Andrew Han

A Dartmouth Commentary.

reading, a Dartmouth Professor asked, “How can a person’s voice change as he moves through life—jumping from social scene to social scene, from childhood to university life, from socioeconomic class to socio-economic class?”      A response citing the lecture the students listened to on their ipods seemed appropriate. Something referencing Barack Obama’s many voices, or the lecturer’s inability to return to her hometown and see friends—fearing ridicule of her new education.       Perhaps because it was 8:00 am, or perhaps because no one listened to the lecture, the discussion was as follows:

A Breakfast of Egos. An 8:00 am writing seminar went something like this: No doubt hoping to elicit objective responses based off research and

Copyright © 2009 • Young Society, Inc. • Editor-in-Chief, Paul Young Kim • Vol. 1, No. 1

“I know that moving to Dartmouth was a big step for me. I went from being the smartest person in my class to being among my equals. I guess my voice was affected by that,” said girl one.

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“My friends back home used to always call me 800 SAT boy, because I used a big vocabulary. I’m happy I can speak to people here without being ridiculed for my intelligence,” said boy two. “In Juno, I hated my school. Because I always wanted my teachers to challenge me more, I took every AP class offered and found myself labeled ‘the smart guy.’ It was great. I mean…wait, what was the question?” Asked the boy in the corner. “I was never labeled 800 SAT boy, but I was considered really intelligent in high school,” piped the fourth student. “I was smart in high school too.” “My teachers always told me to stop making all the good points in a debate, so the other kids would have a chance to speak!”      I began to wonder if the template response for this discussion was along the lines of, “I am [insert sophisticated and rarely-used-in everydayconversation adverb here] witty and great.”        Scraping away the fluff, it’s obvious that comment after comment sought to impress and amaze. Underlying each anecdote was the general consensus that we Dartmouth students are quite intelligent beings—a fascinating topic for discussion. “But what about how a voice can change?” the professor looked around at the self-contented faces almost pleadingly.         When did humility fall out of fashion? Or is it the idea that one can brag as much as they want when they recognize they are among their peers? Have these college freshmen been starved for some self-praise or do they

just want everyone to fully realize that they belong at an Ivy League school?      Wow, that guy was Valedictorian…she must have been revered by her teachers in high school…how can someone read that many classic novels?…I bet he had the highest SAT score in his class…she just sounds remarkably intelligent…captain of the debate team? That’s impressive!          The Professor breathed deeply and just past her head, I caught the eye of a girl who hadn’t spoken all period. She gave a little smile and shook her head. I wanted to talk to her after class.  By Leni Marmarelis

Copyright © 2009 • Young Society, Inc. • Editor-in-Chief, Paul Young Kim • Vol. 1, No. 1

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Electronica: Electronically Generated Music "Music was born free; and to win freedom is its destiny."

æra of music. Electronica, electronically generated music, is both highly accessible and personal; it represents a revolution, a renaissance if you will, of how music is In Sketch of a New Aesexperienced. thetic of Music, Ferruccio As Dr. Juraj Kojs, PostdocBusoni, an early prophet of electronic music from whom toral Associate in Music the above quote was taken, Technology and Multimedia wrote, “I almost think that in Art here at Yale, brought to light in a recent interview, the new great music, you think machines will also be “When about music hisnecessary and will tory, music is be assigned a very old and elecshare in it.” He tronic music is was certainly quite new.” He right in his aswent on to say sumption; electhat electronica tronica repre“technically started sents the with the beginning of dawn of a electricity,” but techninew calities aside, one can trace its roots back even further. Dr. Kojs begins the history of electronica with Guttenberg’s printing press, “the first advanced mechanical system that

with sound. With the invention of magnetic tape, came a new way of manipulating sound. Musique concrète, spearheaded by Pierre Schaffer in the late 1940s, was founded on the principle that all sounds are musical. A typical musique concrète piece may have any number of sounds, from breathing to spinning saucepan lids, interplayed with traditional musical sounds. At around the same time, elektonische Dr. Juraj Kojs, Yale University musik, was a differing approach to the new medium. stimulated society.” Indeed, Instead of incorporating the media blitz caused by sounds from the world, muthe sudden accessibility of sicians like Karlheinz Stocktext brought the mediæval hausen used purely syntheæra to a close, parallels the sized sounds. Despite major growth and rapid spread of differences in philosophy, electronica today. By which I both electronic music styles mean that both media level harness the invention of the the playing field in their retape recorder to reshape spective realms. music with various editing techniques used today

“Once sound was separated from source, music traveled across borders and spoke across generations as it never had.” - Ken Jordan, Stop. Hey. What's That Sound? Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville’s phonautograph, which marked the first time in history that sound was recorded, and Edison’s phonograph, which made playback possible, ushered in a new way of interfacing

Copyright © 2009 • Young Society, Inc. • Editor-in-Chief, Paul Young Kim • Vol. 1, No. 1

Thomas Edison with his Phonograph Page 8

Breaking collegiate boundaries.

including echo, looping, reverb and sampling.

“anyone with access to a computer can make music now.”

“Human culture is always derivative, and music perhaps especially so.”

"‘When the mode of the music changes, the walls of the city shake.’ - Daphne Keller, The Musisaid Plato out of cian as Thief Pythagoras. He disapproved of changing the It is sad that the regular mode of music because sounds of industry that init meant destabilization habited Guttenberg’s work- of the older society. But shop are lost to us forever. when people began Had they have been removing to a different corded, they would have been transformed easily into rhythm, that affects the whole body and thinkelectronic music. For the cleft between sound and its ing process and a new consciousness rises.” source is nowhere so great as in electronic music, due to electronic musicians’ use of sampling. The technique of sampling enables any sound to be music and any person to be a musician. “A New Way to Say Hooray”, a track from Shpongle’s Tales of the Inexpressible, is a good example of the former; it incorporates a lecture from Terence McKenna, the sound of buzzing flies, birdcalls, children’s singing, and many other samples to accurately reproduce a DMT trip. What results of this mixing is something totally new and highly listenable. Moby reflected in an interview with Lucy Walker that “sampling is overcoming my weakness and liabilities.” He goes on to explain that sampling allowed him to overcome his poor singing voice and to reuse sounds created by previous musicians in order to improve the quality of his music. In the same interview Moby discusses the egalitarian nature of electronic music, stating

– Allen Ginsburg

Much of what one hears on the radio today sprung from the search of countercultures for their own music. As Dr. Kojs explains, “In general, any genre [of electronic music] started in subculture. Any genre needs to start somewhere, and that somewhere is underground.” Disco came into being in the 1970’s in such a way; it sprung forth from

Blending your punch.

counterculture. Its overtly sexual messages and gethappy themes spoke from and to the gay pride and women’s liberation movements, as well as the African-America and Hispanic communities and it was “not originally thought of as popular music.” It employed a steady four-onthe-floor beat to create a steady beat which allowed anyone to be a dancer. “No lessons require, just step on the dance floor and lose yourself in the music,” disco declared. Through the use of new technology, drum machines, disco reimagined the human body into what Dr. Kojs calls “a

cyborg pleasure machine” , it was the rallying point of a new culture, complete with its own forms of dress, dance, and drugs. As is the case with most counterculture, disco was later coopted by mainstream society, but it was only after the ‘79 Disco Demolition in Chicago that disco was dead. From its ashes rose two new forms of EDM (electronic

Copyright © 2009 • Young Society, Inc. • Editor-in-Chief, Paul Young Kim • Vol. 1, No. 1

dance music): House and Techno in New York and Detroit, respectively. Along with them came rave culture which was new and hot in the 1990’s. Sadly, “Now when [one] look[s], ten years later, there is nothing new about it,” lamented Dr. Kojs. As evidenced from a recent Armin van Buuren show I attended, I would have to agree with him; both forms of EDM, and their younger cousin Trance are alive and well, but rave culture is lamentably dead. With the exception of the small cliques of jumpstyle and liquid dancers in the back of the venue, there was little to differentiate the trance crowd from a pop or rock music concert. EDM has gone the way of disco; it has been too commercialised. When asked if raves were yesterday’s news, Dr. Kojs chuckled and replied, “That’s a good way to put it.”

“The relationship between electronic music and the listener, based on the technology that we have, is very personal.” - Juraj Kojs Fortunately, EDM does not encompass the entirety of electronica. In recent years, the subgenres of electronica have exploded, blend the barrier between acoustic and electronic and between Page 9

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foreground and background music. New technology enables music to cross genres barriers like never before, creating a storm of portmanteaux; folktronica, funktronica, and livetronica, to name a few. This trend shows not only the influence of music upon our lexicon, but also indicates a shift of “a lot of electronica artist turning back to acoustic instruments.” The blend of live human performance, along with loops and samples, gives the music a human touch. Improvisation is encouraged, fostering a dynamic and interactive experience to which a DJ show cannot come close.

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Perhaps Dr. Kojs’ postmodern views toward the future of music are right. When asked what direction electronic music was taking, he mentioned that “ what is really interesting is music that is on the threshold between music and silence. It has nuances, detail, and delicacy.” However, I see the future in fusion genres like Livetronica, the mix of jam music and electronica. It is an example of a culture that is still young enough to be fresh. Go to a Pnuma Trio, Sound Tribe Sector Nine, or EOTO/Zilla show, and there will be no mistaking the crowd for that of an average rock concert, in that audi-

ences are diverse and engaged. Drugs are present, but they serve as enhancements to the musical experience because they break down the barriers between ego and music. You’ll get the sense that the audience is really at the show to enjoy the music, to be apart of something new.

“History, tradtion, and classical music – are there words related? Who decides what is or when it is – is it you or them?” - Daniel Bernard Roumain, What One Must Do

It is only through technology that music will ever be free. Electronica causes us to question the very definition of music. It challenges traditional forms of music and should make you one stop and think, stop and dream. As technology advances, the line between acoustic and digital has already been wiped away. Now the power to sample, remix, and mash the old and the new sounds of the world, both human and digital, has begun to break down the barrier between art and life, and I think there is something intrinsically good in that. By Andrew James Davis

About the Contributors • Andrew Han is currently a senior at Ward Melville High School. He plans on attending Amherst College where he hopes to study economics. He resides in Long Island, New York.

• Andrew James Davis is currently a freshman at Yale University where he is studying computing and the arts. He is originally from Aurora,

• Eleni Marmarelis is currently a freshman studying Genetics at Dartmouth College. She is originally from Palos Verdes, California.

Copyright © 2009 • Young Society, Inc. • Editor-in-Chief, Paul Young Kim • Vol. 1, No. 1

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STILL IN THE WORKS... Alexander Park

Eleni Marmarelis

A senior at Phillips Academy, he will be studying Economics at Columbia University next fall.

A freshman at Dartmouth college, she plans on majoring in Genetics.

Fred Carter

Ayasha Guerin

A freshman at Lehigh University, he plans on majoring in Accounting/ Finance.

A freshman at the University of Pennsylvania, she plans on majoring in Environmental Studies.

Peter Kim

Bohuslav Romanenko

A freshman at Emory University, he plans on majoring in Government and History.

A first year student at Oxford University, he plans on studying German and Russian.

Getting Involved! An Interesting Letter to Take Note of Published: May 1, 1994 To the Editor:

Regarding your chronicling of the hard times that have befallen some of my Harvard contemporaries and the letters responding to it ("The Humbling of the Harvard Man," March 6; Letters, April 3), I should point out that not all of us avoid

"Veritas." Then, I would ask the English transla-

reality. Upon arriving for my 25th reunion, many

tion of the Latin; oddly enough, they all knew.

classmates told me I should not have written in

The answer is truth. Having made my case, I

the class of 1960 report that I was "unem-

walked away in every instance. Although some

ployed." Rather, they insisted, I should have

of us have been humbled, those of us who re-

stated that I was a consultant.

ceived that education and live by it have always

To each I inquired as to which college's reun-

lived by the truth.

ion we were celebrating, and they replied, "Harvard, of course." I then asked, "What is

By Bert Kneeland

Harvard's motto?" And they would reply,

Siesta Key, Florida April 1

Copyright © 2009 • Young Society, Inc. • Editor-in-Chief, Paul Young Kim • Vol. 1, No. 1

The Young Edition invites anyone and everyone to contribute works of writing to its collaborative publication. There are no real deadlines since our web publication and hardcopy go through publication constantly. If you would like to submit a work, just visit one of our websites, and click the “Submit a Work” form. If you are interested in joining the team as an editor or administrator, visit our website at and click the “Membership” form. As always, we are committed to breaking collegiate boundaries and blending your punch. Enjoy! Page 11

Young Edition  

March 2009, Volume 1, Number 1

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