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portfolio 2013 - 2017 Selected Works

YOUNG DAE SONG Columbia GSAPP MS.AAD Candidate, 2018

01 City of the In-between academic, individual a study for the bachelor's thesis summer 2016 This project is an analysis of the relativity and in-between of bending landscapes with a flat floor before proceeding an undergraduate thesis. Set one layer as a module and, depending on the degree of distortion, the plates that were previously designated as floor plate are out of range. Specifically, the method of varying the geometry based on the structural stability results in a module having the properties of eaves, pillars, and walls. In addition, spaces created according to each of the different combination methodologies accept both opening and closing. And the whole thing that's been built up has the potential to go into spaces that house both isolation and continuity, different from the architecture that was traditionally built on walls and columns. In conclusion, it can satisfy the states of today's non-deterministic and indeterminate environment.

Creation and Exhibition Conceptual Artwork, Mermaid paper / 50x50x50 cm3 / 2016

Local Rule & Spatial Relationships

Organization Typology AB + XY

Through a combined analysis, circulation's constant continuity and discontinuity are shown in the upper and lower sections of the landscape.

In the most basic combination style, the mirror combination deployment produces a degree of closure, opening, and lightfall, depending on the junction of different edges. BC + XY


Module System | Plane Analysis


The project began with an analysis of the plane traditionally used only as floors or eaves. Through deformation of the coordinate values at each point, a module includes the function of the other architectural elements, and performs its own structural role.




DA + XY B B'



AB + X'Y' A A'



Rooms & Corridor


BC + X'Y'




CD+ X'Y' A : Column B : Canopy C : Ground D : Wall

C C' D'

D DA + X'Y'

Sectional Sequence



B B'


Modules build up through different combinations have both segmentation and continuity characteristics, and are constantly being opened and closed.







C C'

A A'

D D'



Isolation & Continuity




02 Experiential Transparency academic, individual bachelor's thesis critic : jungmin nam summer 2016 This project is a series of City of the In-between, and it is meaningful to build into a realistic building and to explore the possibilities of parts and whole in between. Today's increasingly mysterious and indeterminate characteristics of modern society are connected to the paradigm, which is where the nature of libraries today change. Before the project is deployed, have sufficient analysis and understanding of the protopes that represented libraries of each age. Through this analysis, if past physical space was the monument of the center of the book and knowledge, it is now thought that it is not only the relationship between the book and the user but also the knowledge communication among users. This shift in the center of the relationship makes one aware of the collapse of the tightly divided border. Attention is drawn to the shading space created by the eaves in space if the transition between the interior and exterior, and between the part and the whole was previously carried out in a dichotomy manner. This is an area where the meaning can be changed at any time according to its relative meaning, both internally and externally, and has the potential to provide a weakened boundary and empirical transparency.

The upper part of the eaves is an area of experience, in which relationships between subjects are alienated from the absolute parts, depending on the relative position of the tilted planes. And it works as a part of overall system, with the power to form random and non-deterministic consequences, with different relationships as it moves forward into the whole. The following possibilities are to keep users experiencing a sort of transparency that is constantly moving between parts and the whole, and continuously stimulates new in-between spaces.


Parts to Whole System

Today, libraries are slowly expanding their functions as they move away from facilities that serve only books. Therefore, a different type of library needs to emerge that is able to fully accommodate the rapidly changing forms of culture. This trend has been seen in changes in the composition of the library space from the past to the present, and through the analysis of the diagrams below, suggests that libraries are changing their composition from book oriented to users. My undergraduate thesis focuses how the concept of flexible boundaries in terms of space and programs interacts with the aforementioned changes in libraries. Specifically, this project aims to concentrate on an architectural term ‘boundary’ as determining ‘relationships’ and explore methodologies of forming more flexible architecture through experimenting relationships between parts and whole and analyzing possibilities of 'landscape' acting on a type of parts.

Unlike the top down system, which usually starts with a baseline, the way it piles up from parts to be whole is unpredictable depending on the relationships of parts.


Grayscale | Eave Effect Traditionally if the inside and outside were in a dichotomous relationship by door opening and closing, one of the parts, the eave forms shading space at the bottom and have the potential to weaken the boundary.

Library Genealogy From the Stockholm public library to the Rolex learning center, the monumental space in which the books were centered is gradually distributed and expanding into an area for users.




0 1 8/9 6/7 3/4 2/3 0






1 Parts







r = 6000

h = 19000 h = 4000

r = 4000 r = 2500

h = 13000

h = 7000 r = 6500 r = 6500

h = 4000 h = 14000 r = 4300

Local & Global System From an analysis of one floor to the way it is combined, study demonstrates the feasibility of deployment. They also form structure and circulation systems not obtained from the top down system deployment.

Perceptual Analysis | Spatial Density As the flat floor, one basic element of an architecture, is transformed into a landscape, different heights produce relative inter-relationships and diverse circulations. The density of space formed by the combination of various landscapes is not entirely closed ; it has the dual nature of opening and closing.

Spatial Isolation & Continuity The entire structure formed by the relation of each part not only contains various poches at the bottom of the eaves but also creates a continuous state with an inclined landscape at the top.

Unfolded Sections In spatial experience, the user crosses the blurred border, constantly moving between parts and the whole. Visual opening and closing also make such a space more in-depth.



03 'not' Monumental Walls academic, individual critic : wonpil kim fall 2013

The project explores the possibility of walls to accommodate both the state of opening and closing, away from the traditional wall used as a mere means of separating and constructing space. Now the wall's role only in dividing space has limitations that do not capture today's indeterminate and nondeterministic circumstances. The new methodology presented thus shows the possibility that the walls can escape not only about traditional meanings, but also with long-standing fixed functions. Based on the shape of the wall facing, a new circulation system is granted for the existing distinct areas according to the deformation of the proportions while retaining the structural stability. It also provides diverse views into what traditional walls don't have, and allows a wide range of external elements to be accepted. Therefore this project become a monumental shape, but its meaning is weaker than traditional walls.

Wall Types The following typology analysis represents the process by which a wall is converted from the role of the division to the concept of continuity.

Aggregation Analysis | Continuity

Structural & Spatial Rule The following is a study by the deformation of distance, proportions, and curvature, based on the structural characteristics of the same wall facing each other. As a result, walls, which have traditionally been the dividing role in space, have the potential to allow for different circulation and views.

Unlike the traditional wall that separated the space and limited orientation, geometric variations retained the structural system and provided new continuity. These fine gaps break the stereotypes about the wall and form various accidental relationships.

Overall System / Spatial Typology Walls that make up the whole can accommodate different programs and form an inbetween space of lightwells that opens continuously or accepts light.


A. alley

B. promenade observatory


C. sunken garden F E


D. hanging garden

E. light well

F. light well

Dual Nature of Closeness & Openness The different types of walls constructed have different flows and are open and closed in different ways from the traditional vertical buildings.

04 Adaptable Terrain individual spring 2015

This project is not intended to be a process of top down, but to experiment with the accidental and non-static results of bottom up processes. The coordinates twisted in a standardized grid system form a module of triangles, the most basic geometries. But as one module is combined, the basic geometry reaches a progressively complicated state. These types of formal modifications will accommodate a variety of programs, one module being a single room and also a building, or even a chair that is a scale of furniture.

These possibilities also react to various unpredictable situations, and the mobility of the building through its growth diverts from the stereotype that its construction is fixed. Continually moving between forms, between programs, and the conceptual meaning of architecture, the module system will show new possibilities.

1:1 Mock-up at DDP & Realization Through the 1:1 scale construction process, it was able to directly identify the potential for proliferation and the generation of various programs

Spatial Typology

Deform Grid | Proliferation

Combined modules form different spatial types, and the light and circulation penetrates in-between.

Under the grid system, twisted coordinates break the grid system, creating deformed geometry. It also implies a probability of fractal multiplication according to the combination method.

Spatial Isolation & Continuity The entire module is facing each other over an edge, but the lower parts provide bifurcated circulations that divides and the upper parts allow the continuity. 5

Lightfalls Modules are combined in different ways and the overall space has both the features of separation and connection. Circulation and lightfall system pass through in-between and produce some sort of latency.




05 Beyond academic, individual critic : nakhoon kim summer 2015 This project is a series of 'Perceptual Illusion' that demonstrates how to move beyond a defined 20m x 20m physical area. Based on the visual analysis at Prism, the penetration of sights along the face, line and twisting direction is revealed as a spatial structure. In addition, four completely separate divisions within a given area, each divided territory is elevated to occupy a different size zone. Although access to each other is limited on a plane, depending on the degree of transparency in the layer system and materials, it may exceed 20 x 20 m or provide a much smaller recognition than the physical boundary. The way the layer faces, which are separate but vertically overlaid, are made into a void, has a dual nature of sharing while separating each area at the same time. The following characteristics enable instantaneous experiences to experience the sense of contraction and expansion of space across numerous boundaries, and provides the depth of space not across physical boundaries but by perceived.

Creation and Exhibition ‘Perceptual Illusion’ Conceptual Artwork, Prism / 2015

External Reinforcement

Cable Rod Reinforcement

Insideout - Outsidein The boundaries between the interior and exterior are blurred by allowing visual penetration between different layers on a floor and each other's outer covering.





Spatial Sequence Through the transparency of the materials that each vertical element, as well as the differently layered structures of each floor, the rigid territory is visually beyond the domain of the 20x20m.






glass 1

glass 2



Sequence in Urban Conditions Each of the different layers, from the skin to the inside, makes it possible to have a sequential relationship from a huge city to a small room.

Plannar Division

Sectional Interpenetration

Isolation & Continuity The four horizontally separated areas are extended by a vertical interpenetration in areas of 20x20m

06 Interpenetrated Territories academic, individual critic : junyeol lee fall 2014 This project demonstrates that the superimposition of regions can be defined by different methodologies, not just by creating shared space. Unlike horizontal relationships, which are usually formed by the opening and closing of doors, vertical areas are overlaid with shared space, while the visual separation that is formed by the natural height differences. Developing a methodology for fully understanding of the areas currently subject to statutory regulations as conditions in the project and dividing the proportions of the areas in a variety of ways allow the new potential of overlapping territories, not just by stacking them. As such, each frame has a different degree of boundary, and the four methodologies of overlap (dissolve, divide, multiply, screen-level) are formed by different levels of transparency.

The following methodology shapes different programs types in the relationship across the overall housing complex, not just between the two. In conclusion, formed everywhere, lightfalls provide light for the residential areas located in the lower level. The enormous densities that can occur as a result of vertically accumulating will decrease and flow to the different areas that occur as a result of the interpenetration.






lighter darker

darker lighter

porous x


lighter darker same

darker lighter same

void bottom void


lighter darker

darker lighter

bottom top


lighter darker

darker lighter

top bottom


Horizontal & Vertical Stratification In horizontal relationships, twisted windows allow the nature of both opening and closing for dwellings. Also, the characteristics of overlapping areas are varied according to the four methodologies (dissolve, divide, multiply, screen) in vertical relationships


Toward the Black Territory | Privacy In a typical relationship between facing buildings, one's eyes can penetrate to a certain extent through a window. But in vertical relationships, there is the possibility of the formation of an intact black territory by natural height difference. Diagonal



Defining Transparency Transparency analysis of the boundaries of the edges and areas.

Threshold Conditions r = 3000

r = 7000

1 to 2

Territory Types





Spatial Transparency Grayscale

2 to 1















Superimposition System Areas separated by different types form overlapping areas in a way that is combined again. These areas provide light even to the residential space located at the bottom, and residential areas form a common vertical shared space. Organization Logic

Fragmentation & Re-Configuration

Overlapping Territories

Splitted Lightfalls

Building Plans The areas that are stacked entirely have zones of separation and connection simultaneously.

Territory Types Horizontal Expanse

Compact 1 Block Area : 260.1m² FAR ≤ 60% (156.2m² ) Legal Height ≤ 16m Vertical

156.2m² Re-Configuration

same proportion


0.5m offset 1 block boundary 18m


Max. FAR 60%

Territory Regulation & Spatial Typology The possibility of new segmentation method is analyzed through conversion of assigned areas under current Korean architectural standards.

Lightfalls Lightfalls that occurs in the overall system appear to be independent of the level at which residential space is located, and creates an open structure.


+CERTIFICATE / PATENT Bachelor of Architecture -- Class of 2017

August 2014

Seoul, Korea


FREEFORM ARCHITECTURE DESIGNER Certified by: Freeform Architecture Lab MODULAR CHAIRS Certified by: The Korean Intellectual Property Office, KR 30-2015-0028106

Digital Architecture Design Program -- Summer 2014

February 2016

Seoul, Korea






ARCHITEN » Architecture union club activity of universities in Seoul, member of the leader group Design competiition submission titled "Liquid Playground: Experiential Transparency" Awarded by: KICA (The Korean Institute of Culture Architecture) Pavilion installation competition for undergraduate architecture student submission titled "Chair me, Share me" Awarded by: SIRA (Seoul Institute of Registered Architects), UAUS (Union of Architecture University in Seoul) Thesis based on architectural design for culture, "A Study on Creating Flexible Boundaries Through Relationships between Parts and Wholes" published UAUS 4th pavilion installation in ddp, "Chair me, Share me" published and exhibited

September 2013 - June 2015

ARS » Architecture club activity focused on discussions about architectural theory March 2014 - June 2015

MILITARY SERVICE » Army, managed arms & ammunition March 2010 - December 2011

STUDENT COUNCIL » Member of architectural engineering department Spring 2009

January 2016


Scholarships for the upper gpa

SOFTWARE PROFICIENCIES » Rhino, AutoCad, 3ds Max, Adobe Suite, V-ray, Mental-ray Rendering, Revit, Sketchup

Academic Years 2009; 12 - 15

MODEL-MAKING/FABRICATION/CRAFT » 3D Printing, Laser Cutting, CNC Milling, Casting, Photography

+WORK EXPERIENCE OA-LAB Seoul, Korea Spring; Fall 2016

Assistant » Assisted in class "Introduction to Architecture" / searched and categorized architectural images » Checked remodeling project "hagye community service center" / photographed previous and underconstruction's conditions » Exhibition "100 Architects of the Year" at ulsan culture art center / configurated panel design, produced physical model, transported exhibition works

Summer 2015

Intern » Design proposals for public design competitions including garbage can, bench, bicycle rack, and moran folly pavilion installation / tested alt designs, produced 3d modelings, architectural drawings, and panels » SD, DD for new apartment / participated in meetings with clients, checked building codes, analyzed site conditions, produced 3d modeling and physical models, tested elevation designs

MINKYOUNG KIM RESEARCH LAB Seoul, Korea February - April 2015


Project Assistant » Design proposal for new creative convergent center in seoul national university of science & technology / searched precedent projects, produced alt models, 3d modelings, architectural drawings and visualizations, submitted final design report for the president

LANGUAGE » Korean, Conversational English

+ETC TRAVEL » Italy, Spain, Switzerland, France, Czech, Austria, Germany, Japan, China, Taiwan

Architecture Portfolio / admitted to GSAPP 2018  

Youngdae Song / Architecture Portfolio / admitted to GSAPP, Columbia University 2018 / 20pages

Architecture Portfolio / admitted to GSAPP 2018  

Youngdae Song / Architecture Portfolio / admitted to GSAPP, Columbia University 2018 / 20pages