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“From Creation to the Last Judgement, these plays form one of the greatest stories ever told.”
ABOVE St Mary’s Abbey in York Museum Gardens.
Welcome to this magnificent setting for York Mystery Plays 2012
his extraordinary city project has been managed by a new partnership of city organisations: York Museums Trust, York Theatre Royal and Riding Lights Theatre Company. It has been a humbling experience to take on a living part of the city’s cultural heritage, and we hope that you feel we have done it justice alongside the people of this city who are rightly proud of the Plays and the tradition of community involvement. We hope that bringing the plays back into York Museum Gardens, on this scale, for the ﬁrst time in 24 years will start a new cycle of presentation of the Plays in this setting. It has been our pleasure and privilege to be looking after a part of our rich cultural heritage, its future, of course, lies in all our hands. We hope that you will take as much pleasure in watching the production as we have taken in being part of their presentation.
CONTENTS 4 Director’s Note 5 Writer’s Note 6 Living with a Tradition 11 Scene List 12 The Cast 18 Brass Band & Choir 20 Creative Team & Biographies 26 Inspiration: Stanley Spencer 28 Set & Costume Design 30 In Rehearsals 33 Q&A with the Community Producer 34 Community Volunteers 39 Production Team 40 Patrons & Angels 41 Funding Partners & Sponsors 42 York Theatre Royal 43 York Museums Trust 44 Riding Lights Theatre Company 46 The Space: York Mystery Plays Online 50 Make a Day of It 53 Glossary of Terms 56 Modern Mysteries 58 Thanks
PAUL BURBRIDGE & DAMIAN CRUDEN PB: Absolutely. And we agree to differ over whether this is more than an illuminating story. For me: YMPs are a blurry, stained-glass window into a profound spiritual reality, where love of God for humanity can be experienced – not fully communicated by simplistic medieval understanding of a relationship with God where blessing seems to be a reward for good behaviour. None of us behaves well enough for that to work. DC: The YMPs don’t question the nature of faith, they assume it; they cannot work without an uncorroborated belief that God as the creator of everything does exist in some form somewhere. PB: Challenge: to ﬁnd a way to make this narrative speak powerfully in an age of far greater religious scepticism than the fourteenth century! DC: Accepting that, it’s interesting how the Genesis story’s notion of God as creator and sustainer of everything, preﬁgures recent scientiﬁc understanding of an ever-expanding universe connected at an atomic level. PB: Yes. The story places us in a continuum of connections/consequences – moral as well as physical. Genesis provides a framework, the Passion story of redemption portrays spiritual connections reaching back to Adam/Eve and forward to end of time. DC: Did we make God, or did he make us? PB: What is really going on between good and evil at the cruciﬁxion? DC: Is eating the forbidden fruit a warning about living in balance with nature? PB: And what on earth do we do if it pours it down throughout August? DC: These are important questions. PB: For God and each one of us. DC: Highlights? PB: Breadth and vitality in show from wrestling with these issues together; joy of ﬁnding solutions with our excellent creative team; good writing/drama rings true in any age; long-standing acquaintance with you turning to friendship. DC: I’ll raise a Yorkshire glass to that. PB: Let’s.
THE 500 ACTORS WERE SPLIT INTO TWO CASTS, THEN INTO FOUR COLOUR-CODED TEAMS TO REHEARSE A SCRIPT THAT HAD BEEN DIVIDED INTO FOUR QUARTERS. THE TWO DIRECTORS REFLECT ON A REHEARSAL PROCESS THAT COULD BE COMPARED TO A GAME OF CHESS. DC: Directors’ Notes… right, here goes: so many people to move around, too little time, not enough money to realise it with, lack of sleep… I am enjoying it immensely. PB: Me too. Especially while you have kept a masterful grasp on our intricate rehearsal system. ‘Red 37 enter at Yellow 2 and go to B5, joined by Blue 26 and Green 4, grab a section of the Ark and go off at Red 9’. You appeared to understand exactly what you were saying. DC: That’s what you thought, was it? PB: I took longer to visualise the dramatic implications of this deeply Mysterious code. DC: Although we came to this epic project from differing notions of faith, it has been possible to work in harmony, without the piece expressing ideas with which I feel uncomfortable. The commitment and quality of insight you have brought has been inspiring and comforting. Balance good; experience fun. PB: And you have been exemplary in urging our actors to discover the faith that binds these Mystery Plays together and drives many of the characters. Whatever you may have been questioning on a personal level, you have urged ‘faith-full’ performances with a strength and clarity that sometimes I was more hesitant to press for – in case accused of being too partisan. Enough mutual back-slapping? DC: Probably. PB: Commitment/passion of cast exhilarating and moving to watch. DC: As if this story is in their DNA. The ownership by the community makes it special. PB: Hundreds at every level of the project. And I think we’re glad that the onstage roles are more equal between women and men, reﬂecting the strengths of modern society; not the landscape of the Bible or the 14th century DC: The real thrust of the narrative? … Humanity’s desire to explain and understand itself by the construct of God in human form, thus shining a light on what makes us strong, weak, good, bad. A mirror/example in the story of Jesus. Denial of self-interest: essential if we are to live together successfully and preserve the planet.
ABOVE Damian Cruden and Paul Burbridge
Also, I am extremely grateful to all those who have gone before me, particularly the extraordinary feat of Canon Purvis, whose version, ﬁrst revealed in 1951, laid the foundations for all the modern versions that followed including my own.
here’s no getting away from it, it’s a responsibility. I live in York and it’s a city full of experts. From the moment the news got out, I was engaged by people asking me what I was going to do. My apologies to everyone for much of the nonsense I said in those early months. I felt like a Johnny-come-lately. I decided I had to give myself permission to be quite radical if it seemed necessary. After all, 14 hours worth of text into 3 hours, 50 plays into one, needs serious surgery. I am very grateful to the Wagon Players. Their dedication to the original form and spirit of the plays in the streets meant that at least I didn’t need to go for authenticity. The original plays were not performed in the Museum Gardens. I was part of a younger tradition, the aim of which is to turn the many plays into the one, playable to a huge audience over the course of an evening or an afternoon. For anyone who feels there is a single right way to achieve these plays I would refer them to Margaret Rogerson’s wonderful book, Playing a Part in History. She tells the history of the staging of the Mystery Plays, both ancient and modern. You soon discover that every incarnation has had its fans and detractors.
“These plays belong to the people of York and are every bit as extraordinary as the Minster” In the event, I think I wasn’t radical at all. As I worked I began to think that the original authors knew what they were doing and my job was to curate that for the 21st century, rather than effect a transformation. Quite early on, the decision was made to make this very explicitly the telling of the Christian story of the world by the community of York. We were very conscious of the history of the piece within the city. We were also keen that it should work as a telling for people of all faiths and no faith. As a playwright I was keen to apply the rules of drama (over history, authenticity or poetry); I have found some past versions seemed more pageant than play. So, I discovered in the text a play: the story of God made in man’s image. God makes the universe but doesn’t predict how it will progress. He constantly makes mistakes, wipes the slate clean and begins again. Eventually he incarnates as Christ, a human and ﬁnally, on the cross, understands and forgives humanity. On the morning of the ﬁrst read through, I set off for York Theatre Royal where it was taking place. It was a Sunday, just after Easter and a real Yorkshire spring day, fresh and a bit breezy. My route took me along the river, and then over one of the bridges up past the Minster. The bells were pealing. And as I crossed at the trafﬁc lights they stopped and began a single slow tolling. I suddenly had this strong sense that I could have been doing this same walk, for the same reasons, many hundreds of years ago. And that someone else would do it too, long after I am gone. The feeling of taking my place in a long line of people was palpable, moving and humbling. I crossed the road and entered the theatre where 700 people were preparing for maybe the biggest read through ever. These plays belong to the people of York and are every bit as extraordinary as the Minster. It has been a privilege to be part of their history.
LIVING WITH A TRADITION
THE YORK MYSTERY PLAYS WRITTEN BY Professor Gweno Williams, York St John University
ABOVE The Yorkshire Museum and St Mary’s Abbey in York’s Museum Gardens.
extent of medieval Mystery Play activity across Britain can be deduced from the survival of partial play texts from, for example: Chester, Wakeﬁeld, Cornwall, Norwich and Newcastle upon Tyne. Uniquely in York however, the complete text of the cycle survived (now in the British Library in London), together with considerable supporting performance and production information, including the pageant wagon route through the city streets. The twentieth century brought a civic revival of interest in the plays, after more than a three hundred year gap. York’s distinctive contribution to the 1951 Festival of Britain was a new performance model, a condensed 3 hour outdoor production of highlights from the cycle, performed in the ruins of St Mary’s Abbey to audiences totalling 26,000 people. This began a tradition of single staged 3 hour productions every 3-4 years or so, usually performed in the Abbey ruins, but also in York Theatre Royal and York Minster. This largest ever 2012 production, involving at least 500 actors in the two parallel casts, to a potential audience of 38,000, follows in that tradition, forming part of the celebrations of York’s 800 years of proud civic identity and history. It is supported by many local sponsors and partners, including 1700 volunteers in behind the scenes creative and support roles. The York Mystery Plays are intrinsically great theatre, with a plot stretching from before the beginning of the world to the end of time as human
he York Mystery Plays constitute a unique living popular theatrical tradition. These remarkable and enduring plays have existed as live community performance texts since at least 1399, and probably before. Annual performances in York are recorded for around two hundred years, until the English Reformation ofﬁcially suppressed the plays in the 1570s. Among Britain’s oldest surviving play texts, they are yet repeatedly fresh and new in performance, as this ambitious 2012 production sets out to demonstrate. Conceptualised and written as a series of around 50 separate short pageants presenting a historical sequence of individual scenes from the Bible or Apochrypha, each lasting 20-30 minutes in performance, the York Mystery Plays were originally performed on wagons in the open air on Corpus Christi Day every summer, by craft guilds which owned particular pageants. They were a Northern example of a wide-spread national civic theatrical phenomenon, with distinct local variations. From the Middle Ages up to the period of William Shakespeare’s childhood, the story of the world, from Creation to Last Judgement, was regularly performed all over then Catholic Britain in this pageant cycle format by local craft guilds (or ‘mysteries’). With Henry VIII’s move to Protestantism came the ofﬁcial suppression of Mystery Plays nationally, and the signiﬁcant loss and disappearance of texts. The wide
ABOVE Dame Judi Dench (far right) in the 1954 Mystery Plays. Photography © The Press, York
York Realist, stand out as alliterative masterpieces of immediacy, dynamic energy and moving lyrical language. As the scale of the action moves from human to epic, so too the language becomes universal. At the last moments of the Cruciﬁxion, Jesus astonishingly breaks the theatrical illusion, speaking out urgently to all humanity, including the present audience, to ‘all you that walk by way or street...’ to bear witness, calling us out of our everyday and into an eternal dimension. The York Mystery Plays 2012 are essentially and profoundly collaborative, built on wide-ranging teamwork. The vision, design and production are the culmination of an extended creative collaboration between two nationally-respected and very wellestablished York-based theatre companies with complementary expertise: York Theatre Royal and Riding Lights Theatre Company. Staging in St Mary’s Abbey ruins (courtesy of York Museums Trust, the third collaborating partner), maintains continuity with both the plays’ medieval origins and their modern reinvigoration. The plays and St Mary’s Abbey have a signiﬁcant interrelationship; both suppressed by the English Reformation, yet they endure and survive in a new form for the future. The York Mystery Plays are so large and alive that they rightly demand an outdoor setting. The enormous thrust stage is a 2012 design innovation, designed for maximum visibility and ﬂexibility.
beings know it. They narrate the greatest story ever told on a cosmic scale, with a huge cast of characters, both human and divine, including many wonderful cameo roles, played by local people. They tell a familiar story with many surprising angles, maintaining an extraordinary balance between divine overview and human detail. Two roles sustained by professional actors span this epic production from beginning to end: the innovative conﬂation of God/Jesus, and the Devil.
“Dramatically, the language and imagery is vivid and compelling, by turns comic, passionate, ironic, shocking and deeply moving.” In keeping with York tradition, this production uses the original medieval text, in a new version lightly modernised for understanding where necessary. Dramatically, the language and imagery is vivid and compelling, by turns comic, passionate, ironic, shocking and deeply moving. The York Mystery Plays, like other cycles, were authored by a number of unknown individuals over time. However, the 8 plays of the Passion of Christ sequence, by the
rediscovery of its dramatic heritage and echoes of artist Stanley Spencer’s Cookham paintings, which depict the miraculous taking place amongst the ordinary, as a human community goes about its everyday business. This production also involves an integrated choir, singing specially-composed original music. Bold and creative gender-liberated casting across the whole moral spectrum is an important 2012 innovation. Many ordinary individuals peopling the story are played by women as women, including angels, devils, soldiers, Magi, thieves, apostles, and politicians. This contrasts with the signiﬁcant underrepresentation of female characters in the medieval text, reﬂecting their largely obscured roles in the Bible. This contemporary artistic decision reﬂects the range of women’s public roles in contemporary society, also referencing post Second World War awareness of women’s necessary and important recent involvement in public life. Arguably, the York Mystery Plays themselves provoke ambition and experimentation by their quality and cosmic range. They are not a museum piece but ready to be rediscovered for and by each age.
The York Guilds are also important co-contributors to the grand ongoing enterprise of reinterpreting the York Mystery Plays for the present, maintaining energising complementary performance traditions. Since 1998 they have regularly staged individual wagon pageants in York streets, as both cultural and research contributions to the continued life of the plays. Their 2012 contribution includes wagon pageants and a national performance symposium.
“Bold and creative gender-liberated casting across the whole moral spectrum is an important 2012 innovation.” The Mystery Plays and their co-existing performance traditions are undoubtedly important and precious to the York community across the generations. Previous performance experience among 2012 participants goes back at least 39 years to 1973. As community actors from the Festival of Britain production continued to perform until 1980, a continuum of local involvement is traceable right back to 1951. This underpins the 1950s’ design concept, referencing both York’s celebratory
ABOVE Graeme Hawley in rehearsals for the York Mystery Plays 2012 OPPOSITE Christopher Timothy as Jesus in the 1980 Mystery Plays. Photography © The Press, York
ST PETER’S SCHOOL
Outstanding performance in the heart of York 01904 527300 www.st-peters.york.sch.uk Clifton Pre-prep – St Olave’s – St Peter’s Registered Charity Number: 1141329
THE MYSTERIES THE MEDIEVAL CYCLE OF YORK MYSTERY PLAYS HAS BEEN EDITED TO CONDENSE THE TEXTS INTO A THREE HOUR PRODUCTION. THE TWO CAST TEAMS HAVE BEEN NAMED THE POTTERS AND THE CARPENTERS TO REFERENCE THE TRADITION OF THE ORIGINAL GUILDS. THE FOLLOWING SCENE LIST DETAILS THE PLAYS INCLUDED IN THE PRODUCTION, AND THE ORIGINAL GUILDS THAT WOULD HAVE PERFORMED THEM.
The Temptation in the Wilderness (The Lock-smiths)
PASSION AND FINAL JUDGEMENT Jesus in the Temple (The Spurriers and Lorimers) The Baptism (The Barbours)
The Woman taken in Adultery (The Capmakers and Hatmakers)
CREATION AND NATIVITY The Creation and Fall of the Angels (The Tanners)
The Entry into Jerusalem (The Skinners)
The Creation of Man and Woman (The Cardmakers)
The Conspiracy (The Cutlers)
Adam and Eve in Paradise are warned about the Tree of Good and Evil (The Fullers)
The Last Supper (The Bakers)
The Temptation and Fall (The Cowpers)
Arrest in the Garden of Gethsemane (The Cordwainers)
Adam and Eve are barred from Paradise (The Armourers)
Peter denies Christ (The Bowers and Fletchers)
Noah and the Flood (The Shipwrights)
Procula’s Dream and the Trial before Pilate (The Tapiters and Couchers)
The Annunciation to Mary (The Spicers)
Judas’ Remorse (The Cooks and Watercarriers)
Joseph’s Troubles about Mary (The Pewterers and Founders)
The Condemnation of Christ (The Tilemakers)
The Birth of Christ (The Tile-Thatchers)
The Crucifixion (The Pinners, Brass workers and Painters)
The Annunciation to the Shepherds (The Chandlers)
The Death of Christ (The Butchers)
King Herod and the Magi (The Masons and The Goldsmiths)
The Harrowing of Hell (The Saddlers)
The Flight to Egypt (The Marshalls)
The Resurrection (The Carpenters)
The Massacre of the Innocents (The Girdlers and the Nailers)
The Appearance to Mary Magdalene (The Winedrawers) Christ appears to the Apostles (The Scriveners) The Ascension (The Tailors)
THE PERFORMANCE DRAWS ON MATERIAL FROM 32 OF THE 48 PLAYS IN THE YORK CYCLE OF MYSTERY PLAYS
The Last Judgement (The Mercers)
GOD & JESUS FERDINAND KINGSLEY FERDINAND’S THEATRE CREDITS INCLUDE: Hamlet (for which he was nominated for the Ian Charleson Award), Welcome to Thebes, King James Bible (National Theatre), The Winter’s Tale (Headlong/Schtanhaus), Troilus and Cressida, Little Eyolf, Romeo and Juliet (RSC). FILM CREDITS INCLUDE: The Last Legion (Weinstein Company/Dino de Laurentiis). Ferdinand has most recently been seen in the critically acclaimed Richard II for the BBC with Ben Whishaw, David Suchet, David Morrissey and Patrick Stewart and can next be seen in the BBC’s Ripper Street. He trained at the Guildhall School of Music and Drama.
OPPOSITE Ferdinand Kingsley in rehearsals for the York Mystery Plays 2012
SATAN GRAEME HAWLEY Graeme is well known for his role in Coronation Street, and was nominated for Villain of the Year in 2009 and 2011 at the British Soap Awards for his role as John Stape. OTHER TELEVISION CREDITS INCLUDE: In With The Flynns, Doctors, Born and Bred, Strumpet (BBC), Shameless (Channel 4), Legless (Matt Greenhalgh Red Productions), The Stepfather, To Kidnap a Princess, The Forsyth Saga, Always and Everyone (Granada), The Royal, Heartbeat, A Touch of Frost, Emmerdale (Yorkshire), The Cops (World Productions) and Bernard’s Watch (Carlton). THEATRE CREDITS INCLUDE: Saturday Night and Sunday Morning (Royal Exchange), Rock ‘n’ Roll, Ronsencrantz & Guildenstern are Dead, Schweyk in the Second World War, Measure for Measure (Manchester Library), Love and Money (Royal Exchange/Young Vic), Cloud: Burst, Street Trilogy, Raw (Theatre Absolute), Little Malcolm and His Struggle Against The Eunuchs (Bolton Octagon), Trafﬁc and Weather, Hidden Markings (Manchester Library/ Homegrown), Howie the Rookie (Rocket Theatre), Romeo and Juliet (Suffolk Eye). Graeme has worked extensively in radio Drama for the BBC, and he co-presents the music show ‘We’re Only In It For The Money’ on Radio Republic.
“All you that walk by way or street Behold my head, my hands, my feet. Forgive these men that do me pine What they work, know they not.” THE CRUCIFIXION
THE CAST (in alphabetical order)
POTTERS PERFORMANCES August 2nd, 3rd, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th mat & eve, 12th, 21st, 22nd, 25th mat & eve and 27th mat. Individuals from the two cast teams will cover each other for some performances. Dave Al Bahrani-Peacock Workman 2 Evelyn Allison Ensemble David Allsopp Caiaphas Soldier 3 Sara Andrew Ensemble Scott Apps Caiaphas Soldier/Ensemble Grace Armer Angel 1 (Dancer) Douglas Bacon Ensemble Janice Barnes-Newton Garden Angel/ Ensemble Jessica Beswick Workman 4/Cycle Angel Bethan Bradley Ribald (Devil) Catherine Brophy Ensemble Peter Burgess Apostle Matthew Val Burgess Apostle Philip Claire Burgess Angel 3 (Dancer)/ Non Speaking Mother Colin Burland Pilate Soldier 2 Isaac Burland Ensemble Rebekah Burland Ensemble Tom Bylo Herod Soldier 3 Tom Cantrell Judas Susan Clarkson Ensemble Rachael Clayton Ensemble Amy Clow Daughter 2 William Coats Ensemble Anne Collinson Ensemble/Cycle Angel Maurice Crichton Pilate Ewan Croft Young Adam Bethany Cunnington Ensemble Melanie Dagg-Robinson Mother Mary/Angel Matthew Dangerﬁeld Young Jesus/Ensemble Sarah Davies Procula Jennifer Dixon Ensemble Molli Dufﬁn Non Speaking Mother/ Angel Dancer Alastair Dunn Garden Angel/Ensemble Sheila Dunn Garden Angel/Ensemble Beccy Durham Shepherd 3 Jennifer Durham Ensemble Catherine Edge Beelzebub (Devil)/Woman 4 (Speaking Mother)
Sue Elliott-Lyall Ensemble Etienne Ellwood Ensemble Simon Ellwood Ensemble Annie Emmott Ensemble Imogen Emmott Ensemble Lucy Emmott Woman 1 (Speaking Mother) Olivia Emmott Ensemble Cerydwen Evans Garden Angel/Ensemble Jessica Fisher Apostle Thaddeus (Adulterer) Ruth Ford Queen 2 Chris Gajewicz Person 4 Autumn Garner Devil 3 (Dancer) Ian Giles Workman 1 Jessie Gillick Michael (Angel) Colin Goodwin Thief On Left Rachel Goodwin Garden Angel/Ensemble Molly Goodwin Ensemble Toby Gordon Workman 3 Carole Green Ensemble Linda Grenyer Elizabeth Montgomery Grenyer Ensemble Pam Guanaria Ensemble Helen Hale Ensemble Yvonne Hall Ensemble Naomi Halliday Ensemble Tia Hancy Devil 1 (Dancer) Holly Hardstaff Ensemble Roy Hargrave Featured Soldier George Harrison Person 1 Rachael Harte Woman 3 (Speaking Mother) Nichola Hattam Angel 2 (Dancer) Jordan Hattee Noah’s Son 2/Garden Angel /Soldier Amy Helliwell Ensemble Karen Hill Ensemble Sharon Hill Citizen 2 Tim Holman Caiaphas Lissy Hopwood-Robinson Ensemble Rosemary Horseman Garden Angel/Ensemble Connor Houlton Person 2
John Hoyland Apostle John Jamie Hunt Pilate Soldier 4 Diane Hunter Garden Angel/Ensemble Jordan Hutchinson Ensemble Liz Hutchinson Non Speaking Mother/ Angel/Woman at Denial Sara Hutchinson Ensemble Andrew Isherwood Pilate Soldier 3 Thomas Johnson Cycle Angel/ Caiaphas Soldier 1 Madeline Jones Daughter 1 Tim Jones Zacheus Sarah Judge Ensemble Mark Kennett Herod Messenger/ Featured Soldier Dawn Kennett Ensemble Edith Kirkwood Mary Magdalene/ Angel Katrina Knowles Queen 1 Louise Larkinson Person 3 Rosie Latimer Ensemble Maisie Latto Daughter 3 Bill Laverick Poor Man Harrison Lee Adam/Soldier William Lee Doctor 1 Rod Leonard Garden Angel/Ensemble Margaret Leonard Garden Angel/ Ensemble Thomas Lister Ensemble Imogen Little Ensemble Harry Luck Featured Soldier Elizabeth Mae-Starbuck Ensemble Bob Mallow Herod Soldier 2 Gabriela Mancey-Jones Apostle James Alice Mapplebeck Ensemble Al Marshall Citizen 4 Kerry Maxwell Woman 5 (Speaking Mother) Ellie McCullough Councillor 2 Sally Mcilveen Lame Woman Nikki Merrett Ensemble
ABOVE ‘The Potters’ Yellow and Blue Cast. BELOW LEFT ‘The Potters’ Red and Green Cast. Brenda Mitchell Non Speaking Mother/Angel Chris Mitchell Featured Soldier Penny Mitchell Garden Angel/Ensemble Rosie Mitchell Ensemble Hazuki Mogan Ensemble Minori Mogan Ensemble Jenny Moulds Ensemble Harold Mozley King Rory Mulvihill Herod Jeanne Murphy Garden Angel/Ensemble Ged Murray Blind Man Kerensa Murray Ensemble Princess Ndlazulwana Ensemble Mandy Newby Mother Noah/Citizen 5 Olivia Newton Garden Angel/Ensemble Aisha Noda Angel Dancer Belinda Noda Apostle James Son of Alphaeus Naomi Noda Angel Dancer James O’Neill Noah’s Son 3/Garden Angel /Pilate Guard Paul Osborne Noah/Garden Angel James Osman Shepherd 1/Apostle Andrew Georgia Padﬁeld Angel Dancer Steve Padﬁeld Councillor 1/ Featured Soldier Jennifer Page Pilate Soldier 1 Rob Paterson Featured Soldier/ Cycle Angel Rachel Price Mary Kirsten Pringle Non Speaking Mother Edward Pulleyn Featured Soldier Kathy Ransome Ensemble Ali Ravenhall Woman 2 (Speaking Mother) Anthony Ravenhall Joseph
Shelly Reed Ensemble Julie Rickaby Ensemble David Rigby Caiaphas Soldier 2 Frances Rigby Ensemble Anna Robinson Young Eve/Ensemble Olivia Robinson Ensemble Owen Sandles Ensemble Nicola Saye Garden Angel/Ensemble Ivan Scoble Good Soul Gary Sheen Malcus Jo Sheen Ensemble/Cycle Angel Thomas Sheen Ensemble Richard Sheils Barabbas Gemma Shelton Thief On Right/ Cycle Angel Frances Simon Gabriel (Angel) Naomi Simon Ensemble Matt Simpson John Baptist Jill Sissons Ensemble Maggie Skilbeck Citizen 1 Christine Skinner Ensemble Matilda Smith Ensemble Laura Soper Eve Gaynor Spivey Doctor 2 Harry Stafford Citizen 3 Katy Staite Angel Dancer Benedict Stanforth-Sharpe Featured Soldier Elizabeth Stanforth-Sharpe Annas William Stanforth-Sharpe Featured Soldier Rosie Starkey Ensemble Ed Stead Isaiah Kath Stead Non Speaking Mother/Angel Oliver Steane Ensemble Sarah-Jane Strong Rebecca Shelly Tarbin Uriel (Angel) Bethany Tattersﬁeld Citizen 6
Daniel Tebb Garden Angel/Ensemble Abigail Thompson-Tebb Garden Angel/ Ensemble Rhiannon Thrush Ensemble Paul Toy Apostle Thomas Emma Tugman Raphael (Angel) Bernadette Turner Ensemble/Cycle Angel David Turner Ensemble Phil Turner Ensemble/Cycle Angel James Tyler Herod Soldier 1 Sam Valentine Moses Marilyn Vihman Non Speaking Mother/ Angel Robyn Wade Ensemble Sandra Wadley Ensemble Sophie Walmsley Ensemble Juliet Waters Shepherd 2 Alison Webb Ensemble Rachel Weinhardt Apostle Bartholomew Jessie West Non Speaking Mother/ Devil Dancer Lee West Noah’s Son 1/Soldier Andy Williams Ensemble Shirley Williams Pilate Centurion Andy Wilson Non Speaking Mother/Angel Helen Wilson Beadle Natalia Wilson Apostle Simon (The Canaanite) Roger Wood Peter John Worrallo Ensemble Judith Wright Ensemble Chloe Wright Ensemble Kelly Wright Bad Soul Charlotte Young Ensemble Heather Young Mary 3/Angel Zak Young Featured Soldier
THE CAST (in alphabetical order)
CARPENTERS PERFORMANCES August 4th mat & eve, 5th, 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th mat & eve, 19th, 23rd, 24th, 26th and 27th Individuals from the two cast teams will cover each other for some performances. Jon Adams Shepherd 1/Apostle Andrew Rob Ainsley Joseph Jane Allanach Mother Mary/Angel Alex Auld Ensemble Alan Avery Herod Messenger/ Featured Soldier George Avery Ensemble Michael Barker Young Jesus/Ensemble Trevor Barker Cycle Angel/Featured Soldier Karis Barlow Ensemble Gary Bateson Garden Angel/Ensemble Norman Bell Herod Soldier 1/ Caiaphas Soldier 3 Phil Bellwood Cycle Angel/Caiaphas Soldier 1 Emma Berridge Ensemble Emma Blackstone Woman 1 (Speaking Mother)/Uriel (Angel) Elliott Blackstone Ensemble Vikki Boddye Ensemble Lee Boxall Malcus/Herod Soldier 3 Andrew Bradley Workman 2 Shân Braund Shepherd 2 Rose Bridgewater Ensemble/Cycle Angel Will Brigham Ensemble Beatrix Brown Garden Angel/Ensemble Lucy Campbell Gabriel (Angel) Patricia Castle Garden Angel/Ensemble Saskia Chapman Gibbs Ensemble Emma Clark Citizen 5/Mary 3 Paula Clark Apostle Thaddeus (Adulterer) Anna Clarke Ensemble Jane Clarkson Non Speaking Mother/Angel Oliver Clive Featured Soldier Amelia Cook Angel Dancer Ged Cooper Elizabeth Julia Cormack Ensemble Anais Crane Ensemble Diane Craven Garden Angel/Ensemble Anne Crawford Doctor 2 Robert Cummings Blind Man
Alizee Currell Ensemble Chris Davey Pilate Centurion Annemarieke De Bruin Cycle Angel/ Woman 2 (Speaking Mother) Katy Devine Daughter 1 Madeleine Drury Young Eve/Ensemble Jenna Drury Raphael (Angel) Steph Edgar Apostle Bartholomew Lewis Egdell Ensemble Elizabeth Elsworth Angel/Non Speaking Mother Nick Evans Featured Soldier Nigel Evans Councillor 1/Featured Soldier Laurence Eyre Ensemble Miriam Eyre Ensemble Jack Feasby Ensemble/Cycle Angel Jacky Frere Angel 2 (Dancer) Peter Gay Featured Soldier Louise Gilpin Angel 1 (Dancer) Liam Godfrey Citizen 3 & 4/Barabbas Gemma Gorner Devil 1 (Dancer) Kris Grummitt Ensemble Clare Halliday Non Speaking Mother/Angel Richard Hampton Apostle Matthew Sally Harding Non Speaking Mother/Angel Dan Hardy Noah’s Son 1/Soldier Keren Hazlehurst Ensemble Anevay Heaven Ensemble Chrissie Heaven Ensemble Morgan Heraty Woman 4 (Speaking Mother) Kate Hewson Ensemble Jamie Higgins Judas Margaret Hillier Queen 2 Grace Hobson Devil 3 (Dancer) Luke Hobson Young Adam/Ensemble Nicolette Hobson Michael (Angel) Alison Holdsworth Garden Angel/Ensemble Katy Holiday Garden Angel/Ensemble Emily Holt-Roberts Woman 3 (Speaking Mother)/Angel
Joe Hopper Good Soul/Zacheus Connor Houlton Noah’s Son 2/Person 2/ Garden Angel Jasmine Hugo Ensemble Jessica Hugo Ensemble Liberty Hutchinson Beelzebub (Devil) Tom Jackson Pilate Linda Jackson Lame Woman Andrew Jenkinson Isaiah Sam Jenkyns Featured Soldier Anne Jones Ensemble Debbie Jones Ensemble Nick Jones Noah/Garden Angel Pat Kennedy Garden Angel/Ensemble Helen Kettleboro Ensemble Colin Lea Ensemble Robert Leach Featured Soldier Jane Leach Garden Angel/Ensemble Valerie Lee Ensemble William Lee Moses Michael Lightfoot Caiaphas Kathleen Livings Ensemble Sheelagh Loftus Apostle Philip Matt Lomax Featured Soldier Judith Loomes Ensemble Bernard Lyne Garden Angel/Ensemble Dave Malinsky John Baptist Lee Maloney Pilate Soldier 3 Matt Marks Noah’s Son 3/Pilate Soldier 2/ Garden Angel Paul Mason Thief on Left Alexandra Mather Garden Angel/Ensemble Neil Mayhew Ensemble Harriet Mayne Non Speaking Mother/ Angel Laura McCarthy Ensemble Brian McCusker Ensemble Simon McGhee Ensemble Helen McLean Apostle James Son of Alphaeus Clancy McMullan Workman 4
ABOVE ‘The Carpenters’ Red and Green Cast. BELOW LEFT ‘The Carpenters’ Yellow and Blue Cast. Edith Millan Citizen 2 Andrew Millar Caiaphas Soldier/ Ensemble Angie Millard Non Speaking Mother/Angel Nick Moon Featured Soldier/Cycle Angel Claire Morley Ensemble Fionnuala Morris Ribald (Devil) Rory Mulvihill Herod Mariela Munóz del Valle Garden Angel/ Ensemble Beryl Nairn Annas Eilidh Newton Procula Erika Noda Apostle James Tilda O’Grady Thief on Right Jackie O’Keefe Ensemble Simon O’Keefe Herod Soldier 2/ Caiaphas Soldier 2 Lydia Onyett Mary George Orpe Ensemble Fiona Peck Mary Magdalene/Angel Julia Pegg Daughter 3 Freya Pratt Non Speaking Mother/ Angel Dancer Liam Precious Ensemble Val Punt Woman 5 (Speaking Mother)/ Angel Andy Quarrell Workman 3 Jo Reilly Garden Angel/Ensemble Lucinda Rennison Garden Angel/Ensemble Harry Revell Pilate Soldier 4
Harriet Riley-Ennis Shepherd 3 Phoebe Riley-Ennis Ensemble Bethany Ring Garden Angel/Ensemble Claire Robinson Non Speaking Mother/ Angel Sam Robinson Ensemble Elizabeth Roden Ensemble John Roden Peter Margaret Rogers Garden Angel/Ensemble Victoria Rooke Person 4 David Rounce Apostle Thomas Keith Rowan Ensemble Sandra Rowan Rebecca Daisy Rowley Ensemble Imogen Rowley Ensemble Jemima Rowley Ensemble Rosy Rowley Mother Noah/Citizen 6 Scarlett Rowley Ensemble Rosemary Royds Tree Garden Angel/ Ensemble Robin Sanger King Jamie Searle Poor Man Emilia Sellers Ensemble Paige Sellers Ensemble Hannah Selvaratnam Ensemble Felicity Semple Person 3 Alice Simpson Devil 2 (Dancer) Daniel Simpson Ensemble Maggie Smales Beadle
Anna Soden Eve Liz Somers Bad Soul/Woman at Denial Julie Speedie Garden Angel/Ensemble Alicia Stabler Pilate Guard Noel Stabler Person 1 Samantha Stoney Ensemble Lizzie Tait Daughter 2 Simon Taylor Doctor 1 Grace Teer Ensemble Linda Terry Citizen 1 Julie Thorp Ensemble Becky Tunstall Pilate Soldier 1 Sophie Tyler Ensemble Mike Tyler Workman 1 Nathan Unthank Adam/Soldier Aled Vernon-Rees Ensemble Pragya Vohra Non Speaking Mother/ Cycle Angel Anjali Vyas-Brannick Angel 3 (Dancer)/ Non Speaking Mother Nicola Walden Ensemble Lucy Walker Non Speaking Mother/ Devil Dancer Eileen Walters Councillor 2 Libby Wattis Queen 1 Matthew Wignall Apostle John Natalia Wilson Apostle Simon (The Canaanite) Ruben Wollny Featured Soldier
BRASS BAND & CHOIR Lucy Ditchﬁeld, Margaret Everall, Christopher Fletcher, Eileen Fletcher, Pam Foster, Joanne Fraser, Jane Hamilton, Glynis Harris, Helen Harrison, Francesca Hart, Susan Hartshorne, Amelia Hattersley, Guy Hawkyard, Heather Hewitson, Lesley Hick, Sharon Hill, Carol-Ann Hooper, Kerin Hulse, Kate Hymans, Linda James, Diane Kirk, Rosemary Kirkman, Judith Lawrence, Louisa Littler, Alison Loftﬁeld, Fiona Long, Livvie Lordan, Maggie Love, Malcolm Maddock, Rebecca Magowan, Barbara Marshall, Gill Martin, Louise Martin, Felicia McCormick, Janet McCullough, Alice Mcfarlane, Jacqui McGuinn, Karen Millar, Susan Mistry, Shino Mogan, Jenny Monaghan, Dave Moores, Dawn Moores, Susana Morvan, Caroline Mozley, Ruth O’Kelly, Caroline Parker, Liz Paterson, Anu Priya, Shirley Reay, Jane Reed, Brenda Riley, Joanna Roberts, Barbara Robinson, Emily Rowan, Elizabeth Savage, Janet Sharpe, Joan Sinanan, Barbara Smith, Sheila Smith, Ted Smith, Maggie Soper, Julie Speedie, Alice Stanley, Caroline Stockdale, Lucy Thorpe, Kate Vernon-Rees, Juliet Waters, Glynis Wear, Virginia Wedgwood, Beryl White, Sarah Wollny, Evelyn Wood, Julie Wood, Ilona Woodhead
DRAWING FROM YORK'S IMMENSE LOCAL MUSICAL TALENT, A COMMUNITY CHOIR AND BRASS BAND HAVE BEEN ASSEMBLED TO PERFORM ON STAGE AS AN INTEGRAL PART OF THE YORK MYSTERY PLAYS 2012. BRASS BAND Audrey Brown, Matt Capaldi, Sophie Cockman, Julia Cormack, Helen Douglas, Josh Elcock, Lance Elcock, Iain Fell, Adrian Fox, Matt Hardy, Peter Jesse, Ashley Lawrence, Kate Lock, Ed McCartney-Moore, William McCartney-Moore, Josh McCoy, Karen Nichols, Sandra Pearson, Chris Stockton, Sarah Stones, Caroline Tucker, Katie Wannop CHOIR Ruth Allen, Lynn Allington, Tiz Bacon, Kirstie Baldwin, Christine Barber, Martin Bartlett, Penny Bartlett, Leone Bentley, Olga Bielby, Rose Bridgewater, Will Brigham, Carol Brown, Sarah Burland, Patricia Campbell, Rachel Cantrell, Michael Chester, Ann Ciechanowski, Edith Cook, Eileen Dale, Liddy Dalesman, Victoria Dibbs, Imogen Ditchﬁeld,
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CREATIVE TEAM ADAPTED BY DIRECTOR DIRECTOR DESIGNER COMPOSER LIGHTING DESIGNER COSTUME DESIGNER/ASSISTANT DESIGNER SOUND DESIGNER
MIKE KENNY PAUL BURBRIDGE DAMIAN CRUDEN SEAN CAVANAGH CHRISTOPHER MADIN RICHARD G JONES ANNA GOOCH CLEMENT RAWLING
— ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR MUSICAL DIRECTOR DANCE DIRECTOR CASTING DIRECTOR FIGHT DIRECTOR
KATIE POSNER ALEXANDER WRIGHT CRAIG BROWN LESLEY ANN EDEN SUE SCOTT DAVISON LIAM EVANS-FORD
— YOUNG PERSONS DIRECTOR YOUNG PERSONS DIRECTOR
AMOS JACOB KATE PLUMB
— COMMUNITY PRODUCER EVENT MANAGER PRODUCTION ADMINISTRATOR
LIAM EVANS-FORD BEN PUGH SARAH BARNARD
— PRODUCTION MANAGERS STAGE MANAGERS DEPUTY STAGE MANAGER ASSISTANT STAGE MANAGER
JUDITH CLOKE/PAUL VEYSEY ANNA BELDERBOS/ROB GOOCH CLARE MORSE SAMANTHA KRYLONSKY
— COMMUNITY WARDROBE SUPERVISOR HEAD OF WARDROBE — HEAD CHAPERONES
JANET HULL JULIETTE BERRY ANNA WILCOX, JUDITH MCCARTHY, LYNN TAYLOR
ACCESS PERFORMANCES BSL: Wed 22 Aug at 7.30pm AUDIO DESCRIBED: Thu 23 at 7.30pm and Sat 25 Aug at 2.30pm & 7.30pm CAPTIONED: Sat 25 Aug at 2.30pm
Mike Kenny is one of England’s leading writers, specialising in young people’s theatre. He is the recipient of numerous awards, was included in the Independent on Sunday’s list of Top Ten Living UK Playwrights, and his plays are performed regularly throughout the UK and all over the world. Recent productions include original plays Scarecrow (AJTC), Great Gran’s Great Games (Pied Piper), A Murder of Crows (Barnstorm, Ireland) and new adaptations of The Wind in the Willows and Peter Pan (York Theatre Royal), Aladdin and Jack and the Beanstalk (West Yorkshire Playhouse). Credits include: Wild Dreams (Theatre du RondPoint, Paris); Twin Stars (Unicorn Theatre, London); La Nuit Electrique (Electric Darkness) for Comédie de Valence (France); Who Cares? (Region Theatre, Vaxjo, Sweden); Whiter Than Snow (Graeae, London); Flat Stanley (West Yorkshire Playhouse and Polka, London); The Snow Queen – new version for Cork City of Culture (Grafﬁti, Ireland); The Little Mermaid (York Theatre Royal and Polka Theatre); Swan Songs (Sherman Theatre, Wales); Boy With a Suitcase (SNAP); On the Verge (Mind the Gap); The Gardener (AJTC and Nottingham Playhouse); The Last Freak Show (Graeae Theatre); Of Mice and Men (Mind the Gap) Rumpelsiltskin (hiccup theatre). His adaptation of The Railway Children for York Theatre Royal and NRM won the 2011 Olivier Award for Best Entertainment. He is currently working on a new version of Rapunzel for tutti frutti and an adaptation of the novel Lion Boy for Complicite.
of the revival of the modern Olympics in 1896. Riding Lights’ permanent home, Friargate Theatre, opened in 2000 with Paul’s ‘Yorkshire’ version of The Alchemist. Other notable productions for Riding Lights include his own adaptation of Three Men in a Boat (The Northcott Theatre, Theatr Clywd and York Theatre Royal) and The Fire Raisers (Northcott Theatre and The Bridewell). In co-production with York Theatre Royal, he directed a new play by Murray Watts to mark the 200th anniversary of the Abolition of the Slave Trade (2007), African Snow, which toured nationally before a run at London’s Trafalgar Studios. In 2001, the award-winning musical Dick Turpin was one of a string of original ensemble productions created with writer Bridget Foreman and designer Sean Cavanagh. Others, addressing issues such as international debt relief, terrorism, science and faith, clean water provision and the impact of the Israeli separation wall have included A Different Drum, Balancing Act, Love Fifteen, Wrestling with Angels, Science Friction, Hope Opera, Remember Remember (on the 400th anniversary of the Gunpowder Plot), Pipe Dreams and Salaam Bethlehem. Recently, Paul created a recording of the entire New Testament with thirty actors for Bible Society. He has also directed several community cast productions, including Dogg’s Hamlet/Cahoot’s Macbeth, An Experiment with an Air Pump, Dr Faustus, Measure for Measure, The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui and Accidental Death of an Anarchist. Last summer, as a stepping stone towards the 2012 York Mystery Plays, he co-directed Anthony Minghella’s Two Planks and a Passion with a large community cast for Riding Lights Theatre Company and York Theatre Royal.
Paul is Artistic Director of York-based Riding Lights Theatre Company. He studied English Literature at Oxford University and has overseen the development of Riding Lights from its 1977 community touring roots into one of the UK’s most enduring independent touring companies. Paul has been involved as an actor, director or writer in all of the company’s major productions, from early awardwinning revues at the Edinburgh Festival, to the world premiere of the comic masterpiece Augustus Carp Esq., and recent successful national tours of Origins and Lemons, The Narrow Road, Dario Fo’s Mistero Buffo and The Winter’s Tale. This year he directed Monsieur de Coubertin’s Magniﬁcent Opymlic© Feat!, telling the story
Damian has been Artistic Director of York Theatre Royal for the past 14 years. He has directed many productions including: Laurel and Hardy, Forty Years On, Peter Pan, My Family and Other Animals, The Railway Children, To Kill A Mockingbird, The Wind in the Willows, Up the Duff, The Homecoming, The White Crow (Eichmann in Jerusalem); Death of a Salesman, Patient No. 1, Enjoy, Bouncers 2007 Remix, The Dumb Waiter, The Hare and the Tortoise (in York and Japan); Pygmalion, Broken Glass, East Is East, Hay Fever, Macbeth, A Cloud in Trousers, Brassed Off, Caitlin, A Taste of Honey, Habeas Corpus, Up‘n’Under, Frankenstein, Noises Off, Little Shop of Horrors, Othello, Closer, The Turn of the Screw, Bedevilled, A Funny Thing
BIOGRAPHIES Current UK and international tours include the hit musicals Dreamboats and Petticoats, Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat, Rat Pack – Live from Las Vegas, Dancing in the Streets and The Opera Show. Future Projects include a new musical, Top of the Pops Live and The Handyman, both touring the UK this Autumn. West End credits include: The Tempest, The Mikado, The Aspern Papers, Sherlock Holmes – The Musical, Of Mice and Men, Treasure Island, When Did You Last See Your Trousers?, Never the Sinner, The Miracle Worker, In Praise of Love, The Roy Orbison Story, Stepping Out – The Musical, The Fire Raisers, Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat, The Rat Pack – Live from Las Vegas, Dancing in the Streets, African Snow, Visiting Mr Green and currently Dreamboats and Petticoats at the Playhouse Theatre.
Happened on the Way to the Forum, Behind the Scenes at the Museum, Kafka’s Dick, Man of the Moment, Having a Ball, Romeo and Juliet, Getting On, The Three Musketeers, Les Liaisons Dangereuses, All My Sons, Piaf, Dead Funny, Educating Rita, Frankie and Johnny in the Clair de Lune, Neville’s Island, Multiplex, Abandonment and Private Lives. He has also co-directed the last 14 York Theatre Royal pantos with Berwick Kaler. Before York, Damian worked for various regional theatres as a freelance director. He was Associate Director for Hull Truck in the early ‘90s, and prior to that Co-artistic Director of the Liverpool Everyman Youth Theatre. He worked for the Tron and TAG in Scotland and was a tutor for the Scottish Youth Theatre. He trained at the Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama between 1982 and 1986. DESIGNER
Sean trained under Ralph Koltai at the Central School of Art and Design and then at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art. His ﬁrst professional design work was Goldoni’s A Servant of Two Masters for York Theatre Royal in 1973. Since then his extensive career of over 500 major productions has included work for many theatres throughout the UK and abroad. He is also a long-standing Associate Director of York’s Riding Lights Theatre Company. A diverse range of productions includes: The Little Shop of Horrors, Crazy for You and The Opera Show for the Kilworth House Theatre, The Prodigals and Luv Esther for NGM and numerous productions for Riding Lights, including most recently, Monsieur de Coubertin’s Magniﬁcent Opymlic© Feat!, Origins and Lemons and Paul Burbridge’s adaptation of the classic Three Men in a Boat, a co-production with York Theatre Royal. International work has included the world premier in Singapore of Judah Ben Hur – The Musical, Pickwick for the Hungarian National Theatre and Edward III in Taormina. Plays include John Godber’s Happy Jack and David Oyelowo’s production of The White Devil, major community projects such as the Chester Cycle of Mystery Plays, television work such as Who Do You Say I Am? for the BBC, and multimedia events such as The Rock in San Francisco and Rock Me Amadeus in Vienna. Touring productions have included: M. Butterﬂy, Outside Edge, The Sound of Fury, Of Mice and Men, To Kill a Mockingbird, The Winter’s Tale, Salaam Bethlehem, African Snow, commissioned to celebrate the Bicentennial of the 1807 Act to Abolish the Trade in Slaves and Visiting Mr. Green starring Warren Mitchell.
With over 25 years experience, Chris has written original scores for more than 150 productions for theatre, ﬁlm, television and radio. His work at York Theatre Royal includes: Laurel and Hardy, Forty Years On, Peter Pan, Two Planks and a Passion, My Family and Other Animals, The Crucible, To Kill a Mockingbird, The Wind in the Willows, Coram Boy, Twelfth Night, Death of a Salesman, The Railway Children, A Man for All Seasons, Rabbit and Hedgehog, Pinocchio, Bouncers, Broken Glass, Pygmalion, Hobson’s Choice, Macbeth, The Beauty Queen of Leenane, Brassed Off, The Pocket Dream, A Taste of Honey, Caitlin, Private Lives, Abandonment, All My Sons, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Othello, The Blue Room, The Three Musketeers, Behind the Scenes at the Museum, The Chrysalids, Habeas Corpus, Up ‘n’ Under, The Glass Menagerie, Frankenstein, The Snow Queen, Having a Ball, Disco Pigs and Romeo and Juliet. Credits for other theatres include: Steptoe and Son in Murder at Oil Drum Lane (Comedy Theatre, West End); The Crucible (Bolton Octagon); A Cloud in Trousers (Southwark Playhouse); Ay Carmela! (Shaw Theatre London); The Lifeblood (Edinburgh Festival and the Riverside Studios); Romeo and Juliet, Tidelines, Frog and Toad and The Snow Queen (Crucible Theatre, Shefﬁeld); Passion Killers, Up ‘n’ Under 2, Bouncers and Laurel and Hardy (Hull Truck Theatre); Beauty and the Beast (Chester Gateway); and Misery (King’s Head). Chris was also a long-time collaborator with Compass Theatre Company, having written over 15 shows for them, including the acclaimed tours of Moby Dick and Hard Times.
BIOGRAPHIES His work for television and radio includes: Two Lives, One Body for ITN; Behind the Scenes at the Museum, The Midnight House and the classic serialisation of The Midwich Cuckoos (nominated for the 2004 Sony International Radio Drama Awards), all for BBC Radio Four. Chris also works in the corporate and commercials sector (including the latest Fisherman’s Friend TV campaign), and has held workshops at The Globe and for the National Youth Theatre. His corporate work has toured throughout Europe and Australia. Most recently, he was commissioned to write the music for three ﬁlms for Save the Children and SafePoint charities, promoting safe injections.
COSTUME DESIGNER/ASSISTANT DESIGNER
ANNA GOOCH Anna graduated from Nottingham Trent University with a ﬁrst class degree in Theatre Design. For Riding Lights Theatre Company and York Theatre Royal, she designed costumes for Two Planks and a Passion as part of the York Theatre Royal summer season 2011. At York Theatre Royal, Anna designed Five Star Werewolf for Forward Theatre Project and York Theatre Royal and Rupert Brooke for Useful Donkey Theatre Company. She is currently designing Calendar Girls for West Meon Theatre. Other design credits include: Nearly the Goat, Origins and Lemons, The Narrow Road and Redemption Song (Riding Lights Theatre Company), Spin (Harnisch-Lacey Dance Theatre), The Prodigals (Inspire), Twelfth Night and Cider With Rosie (West Meon Theatre) and Swags and Tails (Open Clasp Theatre Company).
RICHARD G. JONES Richard lit the actor musician Broadway Production of Sweeney Todd at the Eugene O’Neill Theater, for which he was nominated for an Outer Circle Critics Award and won a Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Lighting Design. He was also nominated for a TMA Theatre Award for best lighting design for The Railway Children at the National Railway Museum and a DORA for the Toronto production. Richard’s previous work at York includes: The York Family Robinson, My Family and Other Animals, Two Planks and a Passion, Peter Pan, Forty Years On, Jack and the Beanstalk, To Kill A Mockingbird, The Wind in the Willows, Humpty Dumpty, The Homecoming, Twelfth Night, Dick Turpin, Death of a Salesman, A Man for all Seasons, Three Men in a Boat, Twinkle Little Star, The Single Spies, All My Sons, A Taste of Honey, Brassed Off, Piaf, The Blue Room, Les Liaisons Dangereuses, Kafka’s Dick, Behind the Scenes at the Museum, A Funny Thing Happened on the way to the Forum, Othello, Little Shop of Horrors, Romeo and Juliet, Bouncers, Macbeth and Into The Woods. Richard recently lit Strictly Come Dancing Arena Tour 2012 for Phil McIntyre Productions and Stage Entertainment, A Bedroom Farce for New Wolsey Theatre Ipswich, The Reduced Shakespeare Company in The Complete World of Sports (abridged), for Newbury Productions (UK) Limited in association with York Theatre Royal. He is currently working on designs for Breaking the Code for the English Speaking Theatre Frankfurt, Sleeping Beauty for New Wolsey Theatre Ipswich and Celebrating Christmas with the Salvation Army 2012 at the Royal Albert Hall.
CLEMENT RAWLING Clement was born in Liverpool. After ﬁve years as Chief Technician at Liverpool Playhouse, he formed MAC Sound to offer complete sound facilities for theatre. Clement has designed sound for the West End premieres of Phantom Of The Opera (followed by an extensive tour of Japan) and The Invisible Man, both by Ken Hill. Sophisticated Ladies, The Mystery of Edwin Drood and Sweet Charity, and was also responsible for the extensive sound requirements of the Carl Alan Awards, Fairuz at Olympia and the opening of the famous Blackpool Rollercoaster involving a half mile open air sound system, all with The Royal Philharmonic Concert Orchestra. He has designed sound for World premieres of La Cava the Musical, The Haunted Hotel, Zorro The Musical, Marlene with Sian Phillips and the concert version of Jesus Christ Superstar, The Music of Andrew Lloyd Webber in the National Opera House of Ukraine, the Breeze one day multi stage open air rock festival and Opera in the Park for audiences of sixty thousand. Unusual designs have ranged from arena systems for Chess, Evita, Jesus Christ Superstar, Fame and the Russian State Ballet in the 6500 seat Spectrum Arena, Oslo and the Cheltenham Festival of Literature for nineteen consecutive years. Clement's recent designs include: Cyrano, Take 5 and The Nutcracker at the O2 Arena for Birmingham
BIOGRAPHIES Writing credits include: The Boy James and Antigone for Belt Up Theatre and The William Stories, Some Small Love Story and Beulah for The Flanagan Collective as well as Therapy for No Shoes Theatre. Composing credits include Lorca Is Dead, Antigone and The Beggar’s Opera for Belt Up Theatre.
Royal Ballet, Bounce The Street Dance Sensation in Holland and South Africa, national tours of The Shell Seekers, Boogie Nights, Hot Flush, Terms of Endearment, Private Lives, Last of the Summer Wine, Gotta Sing Gotta Dance, Spend, Spend, Spend and Wonderful Town, Catwalk Conﬁdential in the West End and Miami and the European premiere of White Christmas the Musical.
MUSICAL DIRECTOR ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR
After completing his BMus at the University of Hull, Craig returned to his home town to continue his studies, and graduated from the University of York with a MA in Euphonium Performance earlier this year. He is in high demand as an instrumental music teacher, conductor and performer: playing regularly with the Shepherd Group Brass Band.
Katie is Associate Director for Pilot Theatre. Most recently she directed a national tour of Blackbird by David Harrower and Parlour Song by Jez Butterworth as part of York Theatre Royal’s In the Round Ensemble Season. For Pilot she has directed A State Of Innocence and Between This Breath and You from The Fever Chart by Naomi Wallace, The Mystery of Jack and the Clones of Chaos and What Light by Richard Hurford, as part of the Pan European PLATFORM 11+ project and codirected Romeo and Juliet. For York Theatre Royal she has directed Just by Ali Smith and was Co-Director on Mike Kenny’s The Wind in the Willows. Prior to this she worked with Pilot on their shows Fungus the Bogeyman and Lord of the Flies as Tour and Staff Director. Before joining Pilot, Katie directed a variety of shows: The Bang Gang by Lee Mattinson (Northumberland Theatre Company), My Funny Valentine (Live Theatre), The Government Inspector, Ernie’s Incredible Illucinations, Gizmo, Fantastic Mr Fox all for JAM Theatre as well as The BFG for Aylesbury Theatre’s Roald Dahl Festival. She is an experienced actress, practitioner and educator having Course led Drama and Theatre Studies A-Level and National Diploma Acting. She has also collaboratively written two BTEC study guides which are used nationally by schools and colleges.
LESLEY ANN EDEN Lesley Ann is the principal of The York School of Dance and Drama which she founded 38 years ago. She is well known by the people of York after writing a daily column in the Evening Press ‘It’s Lesley’ where she took many people from all walks of life for dance classes, not just to enjoy the steps but to take a ‘health challenge’. She is the ﬁrst of ﬁve to receive an MA in pure choreography through which she devised a well known form of dance – Junction Jazz which she taught for ten years across four different countries – Spain, Italy, Greece and France in her capacity as director of a Performing Arts Academy. She was awarded a ‘Kidscape Champion’ for her dedicated work with children in dance by judges such as Phil Collins, Anna Raeburn and Mel B from the Spice Girls along with many other celebrities. Lesley Ann is the author of The Eden Trilogy – Fire in My Hands: Through the Land of Colour and Beyond Belief in the Land of Rhythm and soon to be released, Return: to the Land of Durga where she chases the dance across the world recording her amazing journeys. She also gives classes, seminars and lectures on ‘Edenscape’, a new and innovative technique combining breathing, movement and meditation. She recently appeared on the Moore Show on television discussing her experiences and new ideas. Her latest adventure took her to Montana where she lived in a teepee for a while on a Blackfoot Reservation where she researched the dances of the tribe and their spiritual philosophy.
ALEXANDER WRIGHT Alexander is Co-Artistic Director of Belt Up Theatre and Creative Director of The Flanagan Collective and The Little Festival Of Everything. His work with York Theatre Royal includes Peter Pan and Forty Years On as Assistant Director. His directing credits include: Metamorphosis, Odyssey, The Trial, Macbeth and The Beggar’s Opera all for Belt Up Theatre as well as the cabaret HOT with Damsel Sophie.
BIOGRAPHIES Like It at TakeOver Festival 2012 (York Theatre Royal), Macbeth (York Stars) and for promotional events.
COMMUNITY PRODUCER/FIGHT DIRECTOR
LIAM EVANS-FORD Liam trained as an actor at Bristol Old Vic Theatre School. He has since performed in the Royal Shakespeare Company, The West End and at many of the regional theatres around the country including York Theatre Royal, West Yorkshire Playhouse and The Lowry in Manchester. He has also appeared in TV dramas on BBC 1, 2 and 3, ITV and Channel 4 – most recently Peter Kosminsky’s The Promise In 2005 he set up Sprite Productions which is now in its eighth year of producing Site Speciﬁc Theatre at Ripley Castle just outside of Harrogate. In 2007 Liam became the ﬁrst Producer of The Factory Theatre and has produced their work nationwide and into Europe including at The Globe, The Rose, The Hampstead Theatre, Bristol Old Vic, York Theatre Royal as well as at National festivals such as Latitude Festival. His work with the Factory has also seen him produce work with BBC Radio 4. Liam began his stage combat training whilst at Bristol Old Vic Theatre School under the tutorship of ﬁght director Jonathan Howell, and whilst there completed all the British Academy of Dramatic Combat certiﬁcates. He then continued his training at The Royal Shakespeare Company with Malcolm Ransom. Liam is an associate ﬁght director at Pendley Shakespeare Festival where he has choreographed ﬁghts on productions such as Macbeth, Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, Comedy of Errors and King Lear. Other Fight Directing credits include: Guys and Dolls (Palace Theatre, Manchester); West Side Story (RSG at The Harlequin Theatre); Boiling Frogs (The Factory at Southwark Playhouse); I Caught Crabs in Walberswick (High Tide Festival and The Bush Theatre); Macbeth, Romeo and Juliet and A Midsummer Night’s Dream (Sprite Productions) and most recently on The Crucible, Peter Pan and Blackbird as part of the In The Round Ensemble Season at York Theatre Royal.
YOUNG PERSONS DIRECTOR
KATE PLUMB Kate is the Youth Theatre Director at York Theatre Royal and as such has directed many young people’s productions, the most recent of which include Missing Mysteries, performed in 6 York churches, the studio production of Shoot/Get Treasure/Repeat, main house production Coram Boy and was Co Director of Through Our Eyes, an International youth exchange. Kate was also the Young People’s Director for Peter Pan in 2011, and is soon to be directing Small Fry at Galtres Festival, and the November 2012 main house production of His Dark Materials. EVENT MANAGER
BEN PUGH Ben has been providing comprehensive, cross sector, management infrastructure and consultation for projects, productions, festivals, and events in the creative and cultural industries since 1998, and works across disciplines in theatre, music, visual arts, festival, ﬁlm, community and education. As a cultural sector practitioner, Ben has been credited over the years with projects ranging from producing the huge Bradford Mela Festival (with over 200,000 attendees) to event managing the Millennium Mystery Plays in York Minster. From co-ordinating a young people’s carnival parade in Sri Lanka to project managing the Illuminating York Festival. Ben has commissioned and delivered work in a wide range of settings – from the Mumbai slums to prestigious venues in New York; encompassing public parks, heritage sites, theatres, museums, galleries, town squares, botanical gardens; everything from rugged moors to NCP car parks. Ben holds a degree in Technical Theatre, a Post Graduate Professional Diploma in Management and is currently studying for an MBA with the Open University. Specialist modules include Strategy and Managing Creativity and Innovation. Ben has undertaken training in numerous areas ranging from Prince2 Project Management to counter terrorism planning. He is also a member of a number of trade associations and is a Fellow of the RSA.
YOUNG PERSONS DIRECTOR
AMOS JACOB Amos is a producer and director based in York. He works with Nightshade Productions who produce promenade work on the streets of York. Amos produces Snickelway Theatre Company, based at the York Theatre Royal, and has directed touring work for them. He has created ﬁght choreography for As You
STANLEY SPENCER: THE IMMACULATE CONCEPT
Given the Mysteries return to the Museum Gardens after 24 years, this fresco, and the visual experience it created, seems to have struck accord with the new production. “The work at Burghclere”, Cruden notes, “is a modern telling of the Great War, battleﬁeld and home, where angel wings seem to appear from soldiers’ backs and white crosses litter the ground. Here was a painted church just like St Mary’s would once have been. We want to re-paint St Mary’s with our story telling. It added up in so many ways that we all realised we’d found a very important touch stone for our journey.” The Sandham memorial does bear a striking resemblance to St Mary’s Abbey. Spencer divided both side walls of the chapel into four arched panels, giving each a predella image. Above these, on either side, is a large painting covering the whole wall. The painting depicts remembered scenes from Beaufort Hospital, Macedonia and Twickenham Camp near Aldershot where Spencer stayed before going to Salonika with the ambulances. Differing from other war memorials, the imagery does not commemorate the heroism and sacriﬁce of soldiers in action. In its place there is a heavily communal aspect, looking at the everyday lives of soldiers and civilians, and all the unremarkable facts of life on active service. That said, Spencer was aware of the brutalising effects of war. He lost friends, family and comrades, and in the painting death is conspicuous by its absence. As the ﬁnal resurrection scene makes clear, it is death which awaits these soldiers as they go about domestic business. It is death which hangs in the shadows, as the doctors and nurses try to steer it clear with iodine and bandages. There is a strange symmetry between Stanley Spencer and the many York residents, past and present, young and old, who have staged the Mystery Plays. As a young orderly: scrubbing ﬂoors, washing patients and changing beds, Stanley was determined to ﬁnd a heaven in the hell of war. He maintained his identity through creative thought and started to view his menial work as a service to God. In his own way he set about proving that death can only be followed by redemption and immortality. As the community cast assemble for the 2012 Mysteries, they do so in the knowledge that they are asserting their own creative independence. The stage is set for a gargantuan declaration of faith, testament which will go down in history.
amian Cruden is no stranger to site speciﬁc theatre of biblical proportions, but he admits the process of creating a world for York Mystery Plays 2012 was a complex one. Reﬂecting on the search for a single, unifying idea he says, “We all, as a creative team, wanted something which wasn’t weighed down by a “period setting”. We wanted something modern yet not jeans and t-shirts.” After much deliberation, it was decided that Stanley Spencer, one of the most popular of all twentieth-century British artists, would serve as a major inspiration for the project. An exciting and appropriate choice given that Spencer is one of few Christian artists to be accepted in the secular canon. His work displays extraordinary imagination, not to mention an ardent, if unconventional faith. “We talked about the 1950s when the Mystery Plays were resurrected and Sean [Cavanagh] brought in a book of Spencer’s work. Spencer is often concerned with placing biblical narratives into a twentieth century context. He mixes the old with the new, the secular and the religious and it works.” It does indeed. Spencer’s interest in assimilation – of man with woman, man with plant and animal, the natural with the supernatural – lies at the heart of his strangely decentralised view of the world. In the past three decades, there has been renewed interest in his paintings, leading to several keynote exhibitions in Britain, and overdue exposure to Europe and America. The Hirshhorn Museum was encouraged enough to introduce him as a third British ﬁgurative painter, alongside Lucian Freud and Francis Bacon. In 1997 some sixty landscapes, nudes, genre prints, portraits, allegories and social narratives by Spencer were put on show, spanning a career from 1914 to the 1950s. Spencer was born in 1891 in the Berkshire village of Cookham-on-Thames, the eighth child of an organist and piano teacher. He attended Maidenhead Technical Institute and the Slade School, winning a scholarship by the skin of his teeth. While there he shied away from modern art, proved himself a fastidiously dry craftsman, and was inﬂuenced by the French Post-Impressionists. His early paintings focused on the spiritual experience he had of walking in an earthly paradise and he began to transpose biblical scenes to an English pastoral setting. Cookham became a canvas for the greatest story ever told. During the First World War he enlisted in the Army Medical Corps and was sent to Macedonia with an ambulance brigade. This experience was the basis for his decoration of the Burghclere Chapel, 1923-32.
WRITTEN BY John R Wilkinson
© THE ESTATE OF STANLEY SPENCER 2012. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED DACS.
SEAN CAVANAGH & ANNA GOOCH
DESIGN WRITTEN BY Sean Cavanagh
and play. We live in a time of great upheaval and change that shapes humanity now, just as it did when The Mystery Plays were originally created. Our greatest priority has been to create a performance that is intimate and truthful to all who experience it. The stage brings the audience close to the performance within a place that is elemental, theatrical and surprising. Our production is then peopled with an expression of humanity that, by coming from our own recent history, is both truthful to the medieval text and resonates with our living contemporary experience.
he York Mystery Plays are conceived to be accessible and relevant to their community. They are both a glorious expression of medieval York and a complex and considered exploration of humanity’s relationship with the world we live in and the force that created it. In working closely together, Anna and I have shared a common inspiration – the paintings of Stanley Spencer – one of the greatest British painters of the 20th Century – because his work brings the spiritual into his understanding of his contemporary world. He embraces the lows and highs of human nature: hate and love, war and peace, work
WWW.THEATRESET.COM • WWW.ANNAGOOCHDESIGNS.COM
IN REHEARSALS ALL PHOTOGRAPHS TAKEN BY YORK MYSTERY PLAYS 2012 PHOTOGRAPHY GROUP
TO SEE MORE MYSTERY PLAYS IMAGES TAKEN BY THE COMMUNITY PHOTOGRAPHERS, SCAN THIS QR CODE WITH YOUR SMARTPHONE AND VISIT THE PHOTOGRAPHY EXHIBITION AT YORK THEATRE ROYAL (SEE P50) PLEASE DO NOT TAKE PHOTOGRAPHS OR VIDEOS DURING THE PERFORMANCE. As soon as the cast take their bows at the end of the show we encourage you to take photos. Share these on Twitter using the hashtag #MysteryPlays. Send us your comments and photos @YorkMystery2012 or www.facebook.com/yorkmysteryplays
HEY THERE, MR PRODUCER! INTERVIEW CONDUCTED BY John R Wilkinson
the photos – they covered the whole ﬂoor space in the De Grey Ballroom – it was just mind boggling. Once our decisions were made we then had to communicate the casting results to all who had auditioned. The whole process lasted from November 2011 through to April this year.
A QUESTION AND ANSWER SESSION WITH COMMUNITY PRODUCER FOR THE YORK MYSTERY PLAYS 2012, LIAM EVANS-FORD THE MYSTERIES HAVE CERTAINLY BEEN A HUGE PROJECT. TELL US A LITTLE ABOUT YOUR INVOLVEMENT. It all started back in January 2011 when I was appointed by the three partner organisations - York Theatre Royal, York Museums Trust and Riding Lights Theatre Company. Since then it has been quite a journey! The ﬁrst focus was the stepping stone project, a professional community production of Anthony Minghella’s Two Planks and a Passion. The play tells the story of the medieval guilds producing the York Mystery Cycle during a visit from King Richard II. We had two casts of around 30 people in each – which at the time seemed big – but now seems quite manageable! My role has been to engage, recruit and then oversee every aspect of the community’s involvement in the project. This includes cast members, costume makers, choir, band, front of house teams, backstage teams, photography groups, schools – you name it – people are involved in all aspects.
IT IS SOME TIME SINCE THE MYSTERIES WERE LAST HELD IN THE MUSEUM GARDENS. THIS YEAR SEES THEM SITUATED IN A BRAND NEW, PURPOSE-BUILT, AUDITORIUM WITH THE AUDIENCE UNDER COVER… HOW DO YOU THINK THE NEW SEATING ARRANGEMENT WILL IMPACT ON THE EVENT? The wonderful thing about the design this year is that it creates an extremely dynamic theatrical environment. From 1951–’88 the usual, although not exclusive, seating conﬁguration created a letterbox type stage with the auditorium running parallel to the Abbey ruins. This year we have lifted the auditorium into the footprint of the Abbey, creating a thrust stage. Not only will this create an exciting new experience for those who have seen past productions in the gardens, but it also makes the space more intimate (if a stage measuring 17m x 24m can be intimate) and brings us closer to the way in which the Medieval Guilds would have performed on the carts all those years ago, surrounded by their audience, much like Shakespeare and his peers interacted with the groundlings at The Globe hundreds of years after York’s Guilds. I also think, and at this time I can’t be sure, that the new conﬁguration will create its own acoustic that will aid both the spoken word and the wonderfully composed music for the production.
SO JUST GIVE US AN INDICATION OF THE TIMESCALE AND THE NUMBERS OF PEOPLE INVOLVED. We started recruiting in March 2011, alongside the recruitment for Two Planks and a Passion. Since then over 1700 people have signed up to be involved, which is quite remarkable considering the last time the plays were staged on this scale they involved 400 or so people. This project is constantly surprising and one of the biggest jobs is communicating times, dates and locations to hundreds of people. I think the whole project would have been at sea without our Production Administrator, Sarah Barnard, as she has set up systems to cope with most eventualities.
WHAT HAS BEEN YOUR FAVOURITE PART OF THE PROJECT? Tough one to answer! Lots of highs, a few lows, but the people involved have created most of the high moments. I think our ﬁrst rehearsal on site would pip everything else at the moment but again, there is another 3 weeks to go before opening night. With a whole month of performances, there will be many special moments to come.
HOW WAS THE COMMUNITY CAST ASSEMBLED? We advertised the opportunity through local press and radio, did the normal marketing using e-ﬂyers, posters and the like, and the city libraries were really great at advertising through all of their venues. Following the drive to let everyone know about the opportunities it became a huge process. We auditioned all over the city – meeting up to 50 people at a time in a relaxed workshop environment – with every person having a picture taken so that we could remember them later in the process. After that we began to recall people for speciﬁc speaking roles and once we had met everyone (we auditioned close to 800 people) we then had to make our decisions. The day we came together to decide we laid out all of
FINALLY AND PERHAPS MOST IMPORTANTLY, WHAT IS YOUR HOPE FOR THE LEGACY OF THESE MYSTERY PLAYS? Well I truly hope it is successful enough to be reintroduced in a four year cycle again – hopefully to sit alongside the wagon version of the plays which is scheduled for 2014. Above all I hope that the 500 – 600 people under the age of 25 involved in the 2012 project take forward their involvement in the years to come, take an ownership of the plays to make sure they continue the rich tradition of the most famous Mystery Cycle in the world.
David Pilcher, Ben Priest, Oliver Reeve, Elly Ross, Patricia Ruddale, John Saunders, Douglas Skilbeck, Sandy Steel, Lachlan Young
he two main aims of the 2012 project were to: 1 – deliver a bold, new, exciting look at the plays using the community that exists within the city and surrounding areas and 2 – to involve as many people from the community as possible from all walks of life. This year over 1700 people have signed up to be part of the event and over 1000 of those are directly involved with the making of the production and event you will witness this evening. Almost without exception our professional team live and work within the York community. Alongside the team running the event we have all the people who have given their own time and energy alongside their already busy lives, to tell this famous York story anew. We have 3 year olds working alongside 78 year olds, doctors and nurses alongside construction workers, executives alongside people currently unemployed. We have people from every York postcode involved and those who have come from as far as Teesside to take part. We have families involved and those who have made new friends; we have those who have mixed with people they would normally never meet outside of such a project. We have offered training and teaching opportunities – found places where people can share their time together and work towards a common goal. The main thing is that every one of us, without exception, will feel proud of what we can share with you this evening.
PROMOTIONS TEAM Janice Barnes-Newton, Val Baxter, Ulricke Casterton, Ellen Davies, Bhavani Esapathi, Kriss Fearon, Quentin Gray, Louise Higham, John Holman, Jennifer Kilmartin, Charlotte Macro, Leanne Mangan, Christine Marriott, Josie McCrickard, Dawn Moores, Margaret O’Donnell, Judy Reed, Hema Rajyaguru, Ted Schoﬁeld, Joanna Starzynski, Elizabeth Thomas, David Turner, Ainslie Waller, Neil Ward, Glennis Whyte FRONT OF HOUSE TEAM Sarah Allen, Steven Allen, Scott Apps, Helen Arthurs, Pauline Atkin, Lynne Atkinson, Melanie Baldwin, John Barber, Jemma Bateson, Alicia Bennett, Clive Billenness, Marion Blacker, Sylvia Blanshard, Jo Boutﬂower, Emily Bowes, Ian Brefﬁt, Pam Broadbent, Gail Brook, John Brook, Christine Brown, Jane Bulmer, Hannah Burleigh, Rachel Cantrell, Ulricke Casterton, Susan Clark, Lesley Collett, Jayne Cook, Ruth Cozens, Kathryn Cummings, Liz Davies, Mary Day, Judith Elliott, Louise Fawn, Alan Fleming, Alice Futers, Isobel Goforth, Nicola Grace, Jean Graystone, Lindsay Graystone, Allan Harris, Ian Harrison, Jennifer Hay, Barbara Henderson, Chris Henderson, Pat Hill, Martin Hodgson, Claire Hogarth, Nicola Horn, Amelia Howat, Carol Howden, Judith Hoyle, Lisa Ingham, Adam Ingledew, Chris Jackson, Mike Jones, Jenny Kilmartin, Kharittha Laohawee, Mike Lazenby, Steven Legard, Qiqin (Olivia) Liang, Anna Longjaloux, Neil Mayhew, Jonathan Mead, Katie Middlehurst, Will Miles, Mandy Monahan, Louise Moorhouse, Philippa Moorhouse, Felicity Morgan, Hayleigh Nash, Cathy Nock, Alison Norman, Heather Norton, Kim Nowark, Margaret O’Donnell, Hilary Osborne, David Parker, Jenny Parker, Carol Pearman, Heidi Pollard, Judy Reed, Rachel Richards, Beth Richardson, Wendy Ripley, Shirley Roberts, Jill Robinson, Susan Saunders, Gill Saville, Joyce Sellers, Kath Shaw, Craig Shaw, Glenda Shearer, Martin Shepherd, Dougie Skilbeck, Meredith Stewart, Nicky Storey, Lynn Tate, Elizabeth Thomas, Sophie Thorpe, Rebecca Tivey, Joanna Todd, Pie Waller, Di Wang, Neil Ward, Barbara Watkins, Michelle Wayper, Lizzie White, Glennis Whyte, Diane Wilkinson, Maureen Wilson, Katharine Wootton
ASSISTANT DIRECTOR Ian Birkinshaw ASSISTANT TO ASSOCIATE DIRECTORS Ruby Clarke OFFICE TEAM COMMUNITY PRODUCERS ASSISTANT & PRE-SHOW ENTERTAINMENT PRODUCER Rebecca Stafford ADMINISTRATION AND FUNDRAISING ASSISTANT Becky Dugdale MARKETING VOLUNTEERS Megan Brand, Sarah Cox, James Eaglesﬁeld, Rosanna Johnson ADMINISTRATION VOLUNTEER Georgia Bird, Mary Butress, Gill Saville, Amy Thompson, Natasha Wallace PRODUCING ASSISTANT Matt Marks ADMINISTRATION & MARKETING TEAM Rachel Alexander-Hill, Tiz Bacon, Jennifer Aitken, Lynne Atkinson, Christine Barber, Jemma Bateson, Catherine Beales, Matt Capaldi, Ulricke Casterton, Anne Collinson, Liddy Dalesman, Etieene Ellwood, Helena France, Alice Futers, Andrea Gibbons, Jane Gibson, Linda Grenyer, Holly Hardstaff, Glynis Harris, Barbara Henderson, Louise Higham, Sharon Hill, Judith Hoyle, Sara Hutchinson, Jordan Hutchinson, Mike Jones, Jennifer Kilmartin, Debbie King, Michael Lazenby, Alice LeamanBrown, William Lee, Margaret Leonard, Judith Levy, Judith Loomes, David Lyon, Christine Marriott, Kerry Maxwell, Brenda Mitchell, Rosie Mitchell, Dawn Moores, Harold Mozley, Jeanne Murphy, Alison Norman, Georgia Padﬁeld, Kirsten Pringle, Kathy Ransome, Judy Reed, Claire Robinson, Martin Shepherd, Frances Simon, Maggie Skilbeck, Dougie Skilbeck, Diane Sugden, Angela Taylor, Catherine Taylor, Elizabeth Thomas, Lynda Timms, Philip Turner, Natasha Wallace, Glynis Wear, Daryl Wilson, Maureen Wilson
COSTUME MAKERS Jasmine Adams, Rose Agar, Jennifer Aitken, Helen Arthurs, Tiz Bacon, Meg Bagnall, Jackie Bailey, Jill Barnard, Brenda Baxter, Adele Birkinshaw, Kate Buckley, F.Mary Callan/Simpson, Patricia Castle, Lesley Collett, Maureen Collins, Maggie Corder, Hermione Crowe, Eileen Dale, Heather Dawe, Catherine Dawn, Anna Day, Mary Day, Aline Dean, Mary-Ann Dearlove, Esme Mai Dodd, Jane Dutton, Catherine Edge, Shirley Engle Bright, Sue Everard, Diana Field, Rachel Fineron, Hilary Forde, Pauline Fullam, Katalin Galuska, Rosalind Gladstone, Mandi Grant, Claire Green, Victoria Grifﬁn Boast, Denise Ann Hare, Kate Harper, Jennifer Hay, Barbara Henderson, Victoria Heslop, Louise Holdschlag, Bethany Holmes, Vanessa Hull, AlifNoor Iqbal, Ann Johnson, Belinda Johnson, Thomas Johnson, Jo Keogh, Lucy Lawson, Susie Leyland, Cheryl Macaulay, Jan Alice Merry, Jennifer Mitchell, Jeanne Murphy, Nilgun Oner, Hilary Osborne, Greer Parker, Nancy Passmore, Alison Reilly, Vanessa Rhodes Bernays, Susan Robson, Keith Rowan, Sandra Rowan, Jen Rudsdale, Joyce Sellers, Rebecca Shepherd, Linda Slack, Katie Smith, Maggie Soper, Gaynor Spivey, Audrey Stockdale, Angela Taylor, Helen Taylor, Elizabeth Thomas,
PHOTOGRAPHERS Nick Ansell, Daniel Cashdan, Matthew Coleman, Denise Curran, Alan Fleming, Katalin Galuska, Allan Harris, Peter Jenkins, Michael Oakes, Becky O’Keefe, Steven Parker,
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York is celebrating 800 years since it was granted its Royal Charter by King John in 1212. Weâ€™ve got hundreds of events planned all year long. Join in the celebrations to understand the cityâ€™s unique past; create a sense of belonging in the city today; and make a step change for the future. Find out how you can celebrate at
www.york800.com Get involved!
YORK COLLEGE Amy Thompson, Sarah Todd, Harriet Town, Jennifer Ward, Monica Watson, Michelle Wayper, Glynis Werndly, Judith Wildwood, Margaret Woodcock, Katie Woods, Monwara Yesmin
ARK CONSTRUCTION: York College Joinery Dept TUTORS: Alex Barnes, John Brandon, Peter Falgate, Paul Manuel, Tony Mulligan, Philip Mountain, Steve Scott STUDENTS: Tom Bagnall, Marcus Booth, Tom Drake, Tom Knights, Dean Machin, Michael Marshall, Dave Phillips, Carl Richardson, Connor Segrave, Craig Thirkill,
HAIR & MAKEUP Jemma Bateson, Jenny Monaghan, Sophie Kingsley, Sarah Morley, Janice Barnes-Newton, Elizabeth Pywell, Diane Roberts, Hannah Pedley
ANIMAL MAKERS: York College Art, Design and Craft Department: ART & DESIGN TUTORS: Tara Berridge, Chloe Black, Avril Cheetham, Eloise Crosby, Nick Hill, Marie Neal-Smith, Ed Poxon, Dawn Ridsdel, Becky Ridsdel, Dawn Sawyer, Phil Simpson, Helen Ventress 3D DESIGN STUDENTS: Frances Aaron, Sophie Ashman, Sonny Battles, Christopher Beadnell, Angela Blacker, Mark Boulding, Anna Brown, Sam Carter, Matthew Caton, Siobhan Clarke, Chloe Crichton, Oliver Day, Danielle Dekker-Turner, Reuben Doney-Jones, Maxine Edwards, Claire Ellis, Charles Everett, Andrew Fife, Thomas Fordham, Oliver Fulford, Ryan Gardiner, Joshua Gilkes, Daniel Gowlett, Heather Grant, Holly Granville-Edge, Abigail Harding, Tommy Hardware, William Holland, Amy Hudson, Angela Hume, Tara Janeway, Rasa Jaskeleviciute, Eliza Jones, Marzena Madzaig, Harvey Mallinson, Henrietta Mapplebeck, Jack March, Samantha McDowell, Melissa Middleton, Banicos Monoyiou, Kathleen Moreton, Naoise O’Shea, Alex Penistone, Robert Poller, Rebecca Pomfret, Laura Potter, Athena Power, Courtney Russell, Toby Rutter, Sarah Schiewe, Brett Seargent, Kathryn Shillings, Jessica Simms, Luke Spence, John Steel, Arturs Strikis, Luke Sykes, Lauren Tavendale, Thomas Taylor, Luke Thackeray, Luke Thompson, Carolyn Thorpe, Philip Turner, Samantha Ursell, Myles Watson, Joe Wedgbury, Aaron Wilson, Thomas W Wilson, Jeremy Worley
PROP MAKERS Mervyn Silence, Jamie Searle, Mark Sowerby, Chris Tandy, Nick Walters PROP & SET PAINTERS AND FINISHERS Steve Allen, Bryony Birdsall, Kirstie Blything, Richard Cregan, Rachel Daggart, Heather Dawe, Mary Anne Dearlove, Mandi Grant, Jo Keogh, Rhiannon Knowles, Mel Lancaster, Poppy Lindley, Rebecca Marchant, Jonathan Mead, Maite Murube, Monica Nelson, Mike Parker-Bray, Helen Parker-Bray, Tim Pickman, Patty Pumpkin, Patricia Readom, Diane Robert, Jamie Searle, Sue Todd, Sue Wallace, Esme Wallace, Amanda Wheatley DEPUTY STAGE MANAGERS Peter Bacon, Shaun Bradley, Catherine Browne, Isobel Carrick, Rosy Cartwright, Lesley Forth, Jessica Green, Louise Higham, Alex Hughes, Diane Sugden, Kate Wescombe, Laura Wildash, Catherine Newman ASSISTANT STAGE MANAGERS Carol Backhouse, Paul Bourne, Ian Brefﬁt, Emma Butterﬁeld, Ann Ciechanowski, Carolyn Dougherty, Jessica Hardcastle, Louise Higham, Maddy Higham, Ruth Hills, Sarah Millican, Rebecca Turgoose, Rosie Ward STAGE CREW Carolyn Dougherty, Ceri Nicholls, Sam Smith, Marie Taylor
WINNER OF COSTUME DESIGN COMPETITION (for the Three Kings): Rose Agar
SOUND Edward Dick, Brendan Fitzpatrick, Christina Leach, Ben Priest
MEDIA MAKEUP: TUTOR: Katherine Brenton STUDENTS: Abigail Brackstone, Michaela Cullen, Sophie Dalby, Zoe Derbyshire, Charlotte Francis-Sutton, Lois Lawton, Georgina Mason, Jessica Masterson, Katrina McGuigan, Sian Merrilees-Kimpton, Alya Millar, Camilla Sharp, Sophie Thomas
LIGHTING & FOLLOW SPOT OPERATORS Nathan Bargate, Ian Birkinshaw, Nicolas Gravley, Paul Hepworth, Martin Peters, Edward Smith TOPIARY COVERING Mandi Grant, Rebecca Marchant and the Set Finishing team CHAPERONES Sarah Barnard, Jon Boustead, Jayne Cook, Carolyn Dougherty, Judith Elliott, Carole Green, Mrs Hugo, Vicky Ingram, Kathryn Johnson, Jo Keogh, Trudi Lister, Rebecca Magowan, Daine Mangan, Alice Mapplebeck, Dom McAndrew, Cath Motimer, Alison Norman, Kathy Ransome, Julie Rebbeck, Louise Sandles, Nicola Saye, Nicky Storey, Helen Webster, Rosie Ward, Sophie Kennelly, Lizzie Wiggs, Emma Williams ARCHIVISTS Judith Hoyle, Steven Newman, Laura Pulleyn, Jill Robinson, Zoe Stubbs, Lynda Timms
You Y ou can enr o enrol ol now. Call Call now. 01904 770200 01904 ffor o or details. details.
ADULT LLEARNING EARNIN G
Adult Learning at at er York College in September Access to Higher Education courses t Accounting t Teacher Training ning fe t Languages t Fine Art t Hair and Beauty t Skills forr Lif Life cting t English and Maths t Research Skills t Fitness Instructing ance t Science t Child Studies t DIY t Car Maintenance ning www.yorkcollege.ac.uk/adult-learning York College, Sim Balk Lane, York, YO23 2BB. Tel: 01904 770200 70200
The Shepherd Group is delighted to support the revival of the full scale performance of the York Mystery Plays, a spectacular highlight of the 800th Anniversary of York's City Charter. Founded in York in 1890, the Shepherd business continues to make a significant contribution to the built environment, at home and - with its innovative modular buildings internationally. Shepherd head offices and over half of its employees remain based in York and the surrounding area, where the Group supports a wide range of arts, educational, healthcare, sports and business support organisations to help to make York an even better place in which to live and work. Huntington House, Jockey Lane, Huntington, York YO32 9XW Tel 01904 650700 Fax 01904 650701 Web www.shepherd-group.com
Shepherd Group is the brand name of Shepherd Building Group Limited.
Morrisons supporting York Mystery Plays
Youâ€™ll find your Morrisons at: Foss Islands Retail Park, Foss Islands Road YO31 7UL Tel: 01904 633365 www.morrisons.co.uk MM375326_744407
YORK CULTURAL COMPANY YORK CULTURAL COMPANY DIRECTORS NOIRIN CARMODY
Company No. 7810751
ADVISORY BOARD YORK MYSTERY PLAYS 2012 JANE GIBSON (CHAIR), GILLIAN CRUDDAS, JOAN CONCANNON, GILL COOPER, SALLY JOYNSON, ROGER LEE, SUE REECE, ANDREW PALMER
YORK MYSTERY PLAYS PRODUCTION TEAM STAGE STAGE TECHNICIANS Eliott Foster, Andy Furey STAGE CREW Luke Adams, Chris Bewers, Ryan Mackey, Charlie Nicholson, James Vause, Jane Veysey
CART CONSTRUCTION Richard Cregan CHAPERONES Elizabeth Barker, Isabel Saunders, Emma Thompson
LIGHTING & SOUND LX BOARD OPERATOR & PROGRAMMER Liam Jones STAGE ELECTRICIAN Nick Duncan ELECTRICS CASUALS Sara Burns, Yemi George, Aaron Murphy, Andy Pilliner, Dave Simpson PRODUCTION ELECTRICIAN Andrew Fidgeon EVENT ELECTRICIAN Dave Rosendale (Frisby Technical Services) No1 SOUND OPERATOR Lara Windsor (MAC Sound) No2 SOUND OPERATOR Mike Redley ASSOCIATE SOUND DESIGNER Dan Gregory (MAC Sound) PRODUCTION ENGINEER Paul Delaney (MAC Sound)
MILITARY ADVISOR Sergeant Major Perrin FRONT OF HOUSE TEAM LEADERS Kareen Andrews, Melanie Balwin, Rosemary Bentley, Ellen Cole, Sean Harrison, Jean McDonald, Mandy Monahan, Katy Nelson, Rita Ridgeon, Frankie Ruttledge, Emma Thompson, Theresa Waters, Susan Whitehouse, Joe Wawrzyniak BAR ASSISTANTS John Adamthwaite, Chris Andrade, Richard Bayton, Heidi Carberry, Sarah Cox, Adam Dindorf, Marc Gales, Frankie Ruttledge, Hannah Smith
FREELANCE WARDROBE & COSTUME Anna Kestevan, Les the Tailor, Beckie May, Julia Perry SCENIC ARTISTS Dave Gillan, Matt Grace
AUDIO DESCRIBERS/CAPTIONERS DESCRIBERS Gill Kendall, Ted Kendall, Mary Lewis, Jill Quarmby, Tina Wright CAPTIONER Ann Forshaw
SCENIC CONSTRUCTION TopShow, Raise the Roof, QDivision, Wedgewood and Sons
PROJECT CHAPLAIN Rev’d. Jane Natrass
YORK MYSTERY PLAYS 2012
PATRONS & ANGELS The Mystery Plays project would not happen without the support of those who care about the Plays and their tradition. The following people and organisations, through their support, are listed as York Mystery Plays 2012 Angels: PATRONS HRH The Duke of York Archbishop of York, Dr John Sentamu Dame Judi Dench Mr Harry Gration
Mrs Julia Fletcher
Dr & Mrs J N Fordham
Mr & Mrs Mike Allen
Freda & Geoff Freer
Alison Norman CBE
Matthew & Julie Anderson
Vivienne & Ian Glover
Mr M C & P Parish
Charles & Angela Anelay
Anne & Quentin Gray
Mrs Jennifer Angus
Ruth & Colin Perrott at VisionCare Optometry
Philip & Sally Ashworth
Mrs E Halliday
Judy Atchison & David Baines
Mr John Hamilton
Mrs A Raper
Stan & Kay Hardy
Peter & Sarah Harkness
Mrs V Rodgers
Allan & Glynis Harris
Aileen & Andrew Hingston
Councillors Carol Runciman & Ian Cuthbertson
Mrs Anna Baldwin John & Christine Barber Margaret & Ted Batty Josie Bending
“I’m delighted to be involved in the York Mystery Plays 2012, it promises to be a fantastic event; something that we want the whole community to get involved in.” HARRY GRATION “Having performed in the York Mystery Plays three times, I know the excitement that these events bring to the people of York and the important place they hold within the city’s history.” DAME JUDI DENCH
Jacki & Zap Proctor
Martin Hands Terry & Linda Atkinson
Dr Alison Birkinshaw & Dr Terence Richards
Mrs S Hogg The Blount Family
Rachel Semlyen Mr & Mrs Michael Holford
Stephen & Sue Bosworth
Mrs A Shepherd John & Jacquie Howard
The Brophy Family
Andrew E C Bull
Huntfun Treasure Hunts
Miss J M Husband
Jan & John Kirk
Miss J Lambert
D & S Coulson
John & Dorianne Latimer
David & Sheila
Professor Sir John & Lady Dorothy Lawton
Mrs Ann Deller Angela & Ian Dempsey
Nigel Shepherd Ruth Sillar Dr E J Smith & Dr G Tricoglus Mrs Lynn Smith Melanie Stockdale Michael Waller Tracey Warkup - the first time her Mum has ever called her an angel Libby & John Wattis
Dr & Mrs Stephen Lightfoot
Don & Val Eccles
Mr D Little
Professor Dianne Willcocks
Tina Wright MBE
FUNDING PARTNERS & SPONSORS MAIN FUNDERS & SPONSORS
The Feoffees of St Michael’s Spurriergate
APS; Coopers; Portakabin & Portaloo; Seating Contracts; Showforce; Eve Trackway; A Rhodes Transport; Stone Technical Services; P&T Contracts; Emsley; Hewdens; D&S Kitching; Landform Surveys; WA Hare; C&C Contracting; York Fire; Electric City
OTHER SPONSORS & SUPPORTERS EDUCATION PACK SPONSOR York St John University IN-KIND SUPPORTERS Aesthetica Magazine Enjoybedandbreakfast.com JWP Creers Tesco at Askham Bar Waitrose
COMMUNITY PARTNERS Art Estee Gallery and Cafe; Harrowells Solicitors; Barron and Barron Chartered Accountants; York Van Centre; Wills and Ellis Ltd; Hudson Moody Estate Agents; Macdonalds Furniture; La Vecchia Scuola; Roko Health Club; St Peter’s School; The Mount School; Merchant Adventurers Hall; YUMI (York Unifying Multicultural Initiative); Grays Court; The Quilting Museum and Quilters Guild; Space 109; York City Libraries and Archives; The Early Centre for Music; Friends of York Walls; York Walks; Bright Beginnings Childcare; York Blind and Partially Sighted Society; Howarth Timber; York Settlement Players; York Shakespeare Project; Up Stage Centre, Monkgate; Northern College of Costume; Chilli Bon Bon and Brunswick Organic Nursery; York CVS (York Centre for Volunteer Services); Askham Grange Prison; York Digital Image; Inch Punch Design and Communication; Minster Lions Club of York
TRUSTS The Patricia and Donald Shepherd Charitable Trust York Friends Central Adult School Trust York Common Good Trust SUPPLIERS MAC Sound; Birmingham Rep; Whitelight Ltd; MKM Building Suppliers; Hanson Plywood; AC Entertainment Technologies Ltd; Theatrical Pyrotechnics Ltd; Live Effects Ltd; Sitelink Communications Ltd; Orbital Sound; Stage Freight; DAW Logistics; PVC-U-Like; Sabre Sales; J&M Sewing Services, Newcastle; Star Event Group; Raise the Roof; Frisby Technical Services;
YORK THEATRE ROYAL
ork Theatre Royal is one of the country’s leading producing theatres. Each year it welcomes over 200,000 people to a wide variety of performance and participatory activity. Working in two auditoria and in site speciﬁc locations, it produces work that ranges from new writing to classics to shows for children and young people and youth theatre productions as well as its world-renowned pantomime.
COMMUNICATIONS HEAD OF COMMUNICATIONS Abbigail Wright PRESS & MEDIA MANAGER Thomas Feeney MARKETING OFFICER Marc Thompson MARKETING & PRESS ASSISTANT Fiona Martin EVENTS CO-ORDINATOR Lindsay Whitwell BOX OFFICE MANAGER Rachel Naylor BOX OFFICE SUPERVISOR Karen Burborough BOX OFFICE ASSISTANTS Ann Forshaw, Luke James, John Wilkinson, Jane Veysey, Stella McKenna, Sarah Millican
BOARD OF TRUSTEES Professor Dianne Willcocks CBE (Chair) Cllr. George Barton Cllr. Barbara Boyce Dr. Tom Cantrell Cllr. Fiona Fitzpatrick Patrick Kelly Graham Kennedy Tim Moat Colin Parkin MBE Julie Rebbeck Oliver Royds Cllr. Carol Runciman Johanne Spittle Tina Wright MBE Rick Warburton Jenny Zobel
PRODUCTION PRODUCTION MANAGERS Judith Cloke, Paul Veysey STAGE MANAGER Anna Belderbos DEPUTY STAGE MANAGER Clare Morse CHIEF ELECTRICIAN Mike Redley ASSISTANT ELECTRICIAN Nick Duncan, Liam Jones STAGE TECHNICIANS Terry Bounds, Andy Furey, Eliott Foster HEAD OF WARDROBE Juliette Berry CUTTER Lenka Kupkova WARDROBE ASSISTANTS Emma Holdsworth, Kate Gardner ACTING COSTUME HIRE SUPERVISOR Rosemary Bentley COSTUME HIRE ASSISTANT Janet Heald STAGE DOOR KEEPERS Rosemary Bentley, Brian Morrison, Hugo Bentley, Richard Bayton, Sean Harrison, Charlotte Deadman
SENIOR STAFF CHIEF EXECUTIVE Liz Wilson ARTISTIC DIRECTOR Damian Cruden
FRONT OF HOUSE FRONT OF HOUSE MANAGER Kaeli Wishart DEPUTY FRONT OF HOUSE MANAGER Maria Bewers DUTY MANAGERS Sean Harrison, Rachel Naylor, Karen Burborough, Theresa Waters
ADMINISTRATION GENERAL MANAGER Vicky Biles ADMINISTRATOR Katy Nelson HEAD OF FINANCE Janis Smyth PAYROLL OFFICER Jean Harvey ACCOUNTS ASSISTANT Jackie Raper ACCOUNTS ASSISTANT Claire Flanagan RECEPTIONIST Mandie Hudson HONORARY ARCHIVIST Christine Roberts
CATERING KITCHEN SUPERVISOR Lynda Leslie CATERING SUPERVISOR Jorvik Kalicinski-Chrzanowski THEATRE CHAPLAIN Rev’d. Allan Hughes
IT & FACILITIES IT & FACILITIES MANAGER Matt Savage MAINTENANCE TECHNICIAN Richard Cregan
CREATIVE ENGAGEMENT ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR Juliet Forster YOUTH THEATRE DIRECTOR Kate Plumb EDUCATION ADMINISTRATOR Jessica Fisher EDUCATION AND YOUNG ACTORS ASSOCIATE Julian Ollive CREATIVE ENGAGEMENT OFFICER Joy Waters
@yorktheatre Registered Charity No. 229396
YORK MUSEUMS TRUST
ork Museums Trust is an independent charity which manages York Castle Museum, Yorkshire Museum, York Museum Gardens, York Art Gallery, York St Mary’s and York Venues.
BOARD OF TRUSTEES Judy Atchison Cllr Nigel Ayre Cllr Neil Barnes Noirin Carmody Andy Falconer Jane Hanstock Peter Harkness Laura Harrison Denise Jagger (Chair) Nichola Johnson Prof Sir John Lawton Jim Matthew Patrick Scott Bob Scrase
ABOVE The Yorkshire Museum
LEARNING ASSISTANT CURATOR OF LEARNING, COMMUNITY PROJECTS Aisha Ali-Sutcliffe ASSISTANT CURATOR OF ARTS LEARNING Gaby Lees LEARNING MANAGER Amy Parkinson ASSISTANT CURATOR OF SCIENCE & ARCHAEOLOGY LEARNING Emma Williams
STAFF MEMBERS INVOLVED IN YORK MYSTERY PLAYS:
MARKETING E-COMMUNICATIONS CO-ORDINATOR Janet Bennett MEDIA CO-ORDINATOR Lee Clark MARKETING MANAGER Charlotte Dootson MARKETING CO-ORDINATOR Kelly McDonald INTERNAL COMMUNICATIONS ASSISTANT Christina Pierce-Winters
ACCOUNTS AND RETAIL FINANCE CLERK Jess Aries ACCOUNTING TECHNICIAN Tim Asbery FINANCE ASSISTANT Danielle Derrick BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT CO-ORDINATOR – RETAIL Ginny Leadley MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTANT Alan Wadsworth
YORK MUSEUM GARDENS GARDEN GUIDES Hayley Anderson, Ian Cooke, David Coutie, David Crawford, Diana Ion GARDENERS John Kaleckas, Kevin Smith, Tony Walsh GARDENS MANAGER – 2011 Sjaak Kastelijn GARDENS MANAGER Alison Pringle
BUILDING SERVICES TECHNICIAN Geoff Hutchinson BUILDING SERVICES & SAFETY MANAGER Des Mahon HEALTH & SAFETY ASSISTANT Lisa Rawcliffe CORPORATE EVENTS WEDDINGS & EVENTS SUPERVISOR Jenn Cork WEDDINGS & EVENTS CO-ORDINATOR Melody Beavers
YORKSHIRE MUSEUM MUSEUM MANAGER Helen Young DEPUTY SENIOR GUIDE Gary Bateson HLF CHANGING SPACES COMMUNITY CO-ORDINATOR John Hoyland GUIDE Mandy Monahan
CURATORIAL REGISTRAR Melanie Baldwin ASSISTANT CURATOR OF ARCHAEOLOGY Natalie McCaul HEAD CURATOR Andrew Morrison
www.yorkmuseumstrust.org.uk DIRECTORATE CHIEF EXECUTIVE Janet Barnes DIRECTOR OF PEOPLE & FACILITIES Joan Mudd EXECUTIVE ASSISTANT Jonathan Peters DIRECTOR OF KNOWLEDGE & LEARNING Martin Watts COMMERCIAL DIRECTOR Michael Woodward
www.facebook.com/yorkshiremuseum @yorkmuseumtrust Registered Charity No. 1092466
RIDING LIGHTS THEATRE COMPANY
iding Lights is one of the UK’s most productive independent theatre companies. Touring nationally and internationally since 1977, the Company takes innovative, accessible theatre into all kinds of communities far and wide. Riding Lights has a reputation for high quality ensemble theatre created through a repertoire of new plays, adaptations and original approaches to classic texts. It also has a reputation for comedy and for producing new issue-based theatre on a broad range of themes. An average of six productions are generated each year and toured at a number of levels, from highly successful co-productions with major regional theatres such as York Theatre Royal (African Snow, Three Men in a Boat and Two Planks and a Passion), to small-scale regional tours of new writing and an annual community theatre programme (Roughshod) which plays to thousands of adults and young people, many of whom are not regular theatregoers. Riding Lights operates from its own theatre building – Friargate Theatre – in the centre of York. From here the company also runs an Education Department and a flourishing Youth Theatre, and is a resource for a wide variety of local community projects and participatory work. The company is financially independent, apart from specific project funding, and is supported by donations from over 2,000 individuals nationwide. This work has built for Riding Lights a network of active support and an enthusiastic audience from Cornwall to Scotland. Through its varied production programme and educational work, the company plays annually to an average of 130,000 adults and young people every year.
PRESIDENT The Archbishop of Canterbury DIRECTORS Bernadette Burbridge Paul Burbridge Sean Cavanagh Charles Colchester Brian Crosby Antony Dunn Graeme Everist Martin Hands Yvonne Morley Barrie Stephenson ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR Paul Birch MARKETING MANAGER Peter Birkinshaw EDUCATION & YOUTH THEATRE PRACTITIONER Jonathan Boustead EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR Jonathan Brown ARTISTIC DIRECTOR Paul Burbridge ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR Sean Cavanagh FINANCE & IT Andrew Dyer ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR Bridget Foreman STAGE MANAGER Rob Gooch TOUR ADMINISTRATOR Rachel Price MEMBERSHIP & BOX OFFICE Rebecca Thomson CHAPLAIN Rev’d. Ian Birkinshaw Riding Lights Theatre Company, Friargate Theatre, Lower Friargate YORK YO1 9SL 01904 655317 email@example.com www.ridinglights.org @ridinglights www.facebook.com/ridinglights Registered Charity No. 1070142
ABOVE African Snow, 2007
Tickets • Events • Souvenirs & Gifts • Travel • Accommodation • Attractions
Full of bright ideas Visit York’s Information Centre provides everything you need to get the most out of the city: Accommodation bookings, York Passes, tickets, tours, regional gifts, crafts and guidebooks. Call in to discover what’s on offer.
Don’t forget your YorkPass SAVE MONEY on entry to over 30 of York’s leading attractions PLUS special offers on eating, drinking and shopping around Britain’s most beautiful city! Buy yours at www.yorkpass.com or at Visit York’s Information Centre.
Find us at 1 Museum Street, close to the Minster • 01904 550099 • www.visityork.org
Book Your Perfect Afternoon Tea at Bettys
Where girls take centre stage
Served every Saturday and Sunday from 12.30pm in the Belmont Room, enjoy warm Yorkshire hospitality in beautiful surroundings. To reserve your table in the Belmont Room York, please telephone us on 01904 659142. For more information about Drama Scholarships and to arrange your visit, please contact Mrs Jackie Hallewell on 01904 720072 or email firstname.lastname@example.org
An independent boarding and day school for girls aged 11-18
YORK MYSTERY PLAYS ONLINE
n the weekend of 11/12 August, Pilot Theatre will enable people all over the world to watch York Mystery Plays through a video livestream on www.thespace.org. The Space is a new way to access and experience all of the arts – for free. It is funded by the BBC and Arts Council England. Available on computer, tablet, Smartphone and connected TV, The Space invites you to take part in the biggest summer of arts the UK has ever seen, whenever you want it and wherever you happen to be. You can watch full performances, catch unmissable live events, delve into rare archive and explore interactive collections. The Space is also a place where everybody can experiment with ideas and play with images, text and sound. Working alongside livestream company Kinura on this exciting project, viewers will be able to watch a performance of York Mystery Plays 2012. This event will take place on the weekend of 11/12 August, when viewers will be able to watch the performance through multi-camera livestreams. After the livestream performance, visitors to The Space website will be able to create a playlist of the project, following the narrative from different angles using the multi-camera stream which will be archived. Your own version of the piece will then be available to watch and share. More than 30,000 people are expected to attend the York Mystery Plays 2012, which is set to be one of the cultural highlights of the summer. We hope to enable many more people around the globe to experience this truly incredible project.
ilot Theatre is an international touring theatre company based at York Theatre Royal. Pilot Theatre’s dedication and commitment to exploring new ways of engaging young people and new ways to use technology in the arts has enabled the company the ability to adapt to the changing world, constantly offering a product that is relevant and exciting for their audiences. In Autumn 2012, Pilot Theatre and York Theatre Royal present Alan Sillitoe’s The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner – adapted for the stage by Roy Williams – which will premiere in York before embarking upon a national tour. www.pilot-theatre.com @pilot_theatre
www.thespace.org www.facebook.com/thespacearts @thespacearts
There is more to seeing than meets the eye Standard eye examinations using only the eye chart do not measure how well a child can see at near distances, nor do they evaluate depth perception, eye coordination or numerous other visual skills required in the learning process. They also don’t evaluate the visual abilities that are needed to extract information from a page of words. In fact, the 20/20 test fails to evaluate many important aspects of normal vision such as eye focusing, eye co-ordination, eye teaming (binocular vision), eye movement, visual perceptual skills and colour vision. Parents and teachers are encouraged to make a comprehensive eye examination part of their preparations for the new school year and to look for indications that vision problems may be contributing to learning challenges of their children and students such as;
York 30 York Road | York | YO24 4LZ email@example.com 01904 784 040
frequent loss of place when reading confusing similar looking words failure to recognize the same word in sequential sentences complaints of eyes hurting or headaches after reading poor reading comprehension sloppy handwriting attention problems and avoidance of close work (such as reading) Any of the above symptoms may be a sign that your child may be struggling with a learning-related vision problem. Fortunately, through vision therapy, many learning-related vision problems can be corrected.
Castleford 19 Sagar Street | Castleford | WF10 1AG firstname.lastname@example.org 01977 552 361
John van Eyssen in the 1954 York Mystery Plays production with demons. Picture from The Press, York
Memories Welcome Have you or your family been involved in a production of the York Mystery Plays? Would you like to contribute to a collection about them? The National Centre for Early Music, in York, welcomes photos, papers and other memories of the past 60 years of the plays.
If you would like to share your memorabilia, contact the National Centre for Early Music on 01904 632220, email email@example.com or visit
This year’s Big City Read is ‘Mystery in the Minster’ by Susanna Gregory, the latest novel in the bestselling Matthew Bartholomew crime series. From July to September 2012 we will be running a programme of events, walks, talks and workshops to tie in with the themes in the novel, including an author appearance from Susanna herself. For more information contact Explore York Library Learning Centre: 01904 552828 or firstname.lastname@example.org. You can also see the all the events in the Workshops section of the feeling inspired website.
MAKE A DAY OF IT
oak up the fabulous festival atmosphere in the gardens where a selection of Yorkshire food and drink will be on offer throughout the day and evenings. There will be a fully stocked, undercover bar on site, serving a wide range of chilled wines, draft ale, bottled beers and soft drinks. You are welcome to bring your own picnic to enjoy before the show, and throughout August there will be a series of associated fringe events in the gardens and around the city.
MYSTERY CYCLE LECTURES Ars Lundendi will explore the history behind the mystery in a lively introduction to the rich and complex history of the York Mystery Plays from their medieval roots to the modern day. Sun 12 & 26 Aug, 3pm at Tempest Anderson Hall in the Yorkshire Museum. Tickets £10, available from York Theatre Royal’s Box Ofﬁce.
YORKWALK YorkWalk will be offering walks following the sites that the Mystery Plays have visited over the last 800 years and will include visiting the site of the 2012 production at St Mary’s Abbey. Please see www.yorkwalk.co.uk for dates and times.
PLAY IN A WEEK YORK THEATRE ROYAL 5–7’S PLAY IN A WEEK company present Creation/Stuff Starts Up based on the story in Genesis, with a script adapted from Rob Lacey’s modern interpretation of the Bible; The Word on the Street. Find us in the Storytelling Area at 11:30am on Saturday 18th August. YORK THEATRE ROYAL 8–10’S PLAY IN A WEEK company present Procula’s Dream by Paul Birch. Specially adapted for young people from The Dream of Pilate’s Wife, ﬁrst performed by the Tapiters’ and Couchers’ Guild. This mystery play will be presented in York Museum Gardens under the boughs of trees and amidst the scurrying squirrels. Performance on Saturday 18th August at 12.30pm.
PROMS IN THE GARDEN Mon 20 Aug 7.30pm Featuring National Brass Band Championship ﬁnalists Shepherd Group Brass Band and York Railway Institute Band in a special concert to celebrate the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee and York 800, on The York Mystery Plays stage. In aid of the Lord Mayor of York’s charities. Tickets: £20, £17.50 & £12 (concessions from £15) More details: www.brassedon.org
AN INVITATION TO PRAY Compline, also known as night prayer, will be said in St Olave’s Church, Marygate after every evening performance of the York Mystery Plays 2012. The church is located behind St Mary’s Abbey. You are invited to attend to reﬂect on the stories of the Mystery Plays. The service will last for 15 minutes and will be led by churches from across the City of York and beyond.
PHOTOGRAPHY EXHIBITION For the duration of The Mystery Plays the team of community photographers will be exhibiting ‘The Making of The Mysteries’ in York Theatre Royal’s exhibition corridor and on site on display boards in the Gardens. 1212: THE MAKING OF THE CITY EXHIBITION The Yorkshire Museum’s Medieval Gallery marks the 800th anniversary of York’s independence, telling the story of medieval York and celebrating the people, places and events that have contributed to the city’s medieval heritage. Open daily 10am – 5pm, £7.50, children free.
A souvenir photo book documenting the making of York Mystery Plays 2012 will be available for sale from 9th Aug 2012, from the Yorkshire Museum and York Theatre Royal. RRP £18.99.
THE YORK GUILDS Performances of two free of charge complementary Old Testament wagon pageants run on Saturday 11 and Sunday 12 August. A national Mystery Play performance symposium takes place on Saturday 11 in medieval Bedern Hall, with representatives from Chester, Lincoln, Coventry, Lichﬁeld. All welcome. Details at www.yorkmysteryplays.co.uk
From morning coffee or afternoon tea with delicious homemade cakes and pastries to a light supper before the Mystery Plays, ﬁnd Create in York Museum Gardens each day. Create believes that good food and people matter. The freshest summer tastes, good food, great outdoors.
UNWRAPPING YORK’S CHOCOLATE STORY AT YORK’S NEWEST VISITOR ATTRACTION King’s Square, York YO1 7LD Tel: 0845 4989411 www.yorkschocolatestory.com Open 10am - 6pm daily (last tour 5pm)
Treasurer's House, York
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“Ego sum Alpha et Omega, Vita, via, veritas, Primus et Novissimus.” THE CREATION
YORK MYSTERY PLAYS 2012 SCRIPT
GLOSSARY OF TERMS THESE WORDS AND PHRASES ARE USED DURING THE PLAY AND STEM FROM THE ORIGINAL MEDIEVAL TEXT. RESEARCHED & DELIVERED BY Paul Toy A all accord all agree amiss wrong ay yea, yes aye ever B bale misfortune, evil ban the bones that him bare curse the body that gave him birth beguiled deceived, bested behoves us bide we needs must stay bel ami “ﬁne friend” french and so pretentious beshent destroyed blan stopped blithe happy brace forth squeeze, shine out brothels wretches bus me bide here must I stay busk (do busk you) hurry, bustle (look lively) C caitiff scoundrel carp, carping speak, complain, hypocritical catched drove certes certainly clough valley con know, understand, learn
corse body cubits one cubit is about 17-22in cunning keen with great care and skill
fest ﬁxed find and fang hunt and eat in flesh and fell in bodily form flit to move, leave forsooth truly full fit well shaped
D dastard worthless person deeming judging dight prepared/condemmed, thrust ding knock, strike dints blows, strokes, thumps divers many, various dole gift/grief, evil, misery do way have done, leave off dure last, endure
G gang go gauds jests, tricks gavels contentious, worthless fellows glee pleasure, joy radiance glowering scowling gadling scoundrel goodly graid well prepared gradely carefully gramercy many thanks
E ecce homo “behold the man” ego sum Alpha et Omega “I am Alpha and Omega” (A & Z) vita, via veritas The life, the way, the truth primus et novissimus The ﬁrst and the most new eloi, eloi, lama sabacthani “My god, my god, why hast thou forsaken me?” Emmannel God with us (lit: with us, god) eschew shun, recoil from
H halt lame harlots rascals harrow a general exclamation of uproar hie go quickly hight said hightest called, named I I ween I think, believe I wis to be certain, for sure
F fend keep safe, defend
ilk each ilka every In weal and in woe in good and bad In manus tuas into your hands (I commend my spirit) J javelin (javel) person of no importance jay noisy chattering bird K kenned as is known, knew kith nature knave young fellow, boy L lake play (the fool) lance launch, spring, dart, hurl lends gives/stays liever sooner, rather limbo In Dante’s, Divine Comedy, the ﬁrst circle of hell.Pre-Christian just people and unbaptised infants are conﬁned here. Guilty of original sin, but not personal guilt lists wish, prefer, like, chooses lore wisdom lorn lost, destroyed losel rascal love and lout praise and reverence, bow lurden wretch, scoundrel
YORK MYSTERY PLAYS 2012 SCRIPT
GLOSSARY OF TERMS THESE WORDS AND PHRASES ARE USED DURING THE PLAY AND STEM FROM THE ORIGINAL MEDIEVAL TEXT. RESEARCHED & DELIVERED BY Paul Toy M Mahound the prophet Muhammad, here referred to as if he were a pagan god. An anti-Islamic slur. main strength main and mood in health and strength malison curse mar harm/soil mickle great - ie Micklegate ‘The great street’ mingle and mell manifested myself in the midst miss fault, sin, wickedness mister need mithered hindered/confused mote may, might mould earth mows to make faces, grimaces mun must/will murk darkness N nar nearer nigh approach, come near noy vex noyance annoyance noyed harmed, annoyed O other mo many others
skelp beat, whip smoor smother, choke solace seer glad tidings, good news sooth true, the truth sorrows sere many troubles speak and speer speak and enquire spill be destroyed (by) square squarely (a) squin obliquely, on a slant stably stand ﬁrmly stay stead and stall every respect stud mare and stinking stray breeding horse and polluted hag (be) suffering be patient swain fellow sweat and swink sweat and toil
P peers equal pie magpie pight adorned pining torment pined conﬁned plied shaped pontus country in Asia Minor, on the Black Sea pounce pilate Pontius Pilate. Attempt to link him to Pontus prow good publicans tax-collectors Q queens shrewish women R rede advise (of) rent having revenue (full) rife everywhere roil and rave rant and rave, talk nonsense roy king
T take tent pay attention tent heed, care thrall imprisoned, entangled thrivingly in a satisfactory manner, skillfully tine should lose toward helpful train deceit, blind travail toil, labour (be my) troth in good faith, certainly
S salver of all sore remedy for all afﬂictions saws sayings scape from scathe to escape harm scathe hit shend destroy, ruin
thusgates in this way tugged nailed, roughly attached twixt between V verray true vouchsafe grant W wan dark, gloomy warlock scoundrel, rascal, traitor warrant believe, am sure wasted destroyed wax/waxen grow, ﬂourish, increase weed clothes welaway woe, alas. A cry of lamentation wend/wending go, depart, are heading, journey wight man wield rule over wind return wit know wood mad wot knows wreaks vengeance (s) wring escape, slip away wroth angry wrought made, created
Aesthetica Short Film Festival
MODERN MYSTERIES IN ASSOCIATION WITH Snickelway Theatre Company & The Flanagan Collective
“York based Theatre Companies working collaboratively to create a unique community theatre experience; short plays written by local writers, performed by a company of local actors in spectacular surroundings”
JOIN US… THE CREATION, FIELDS OF GOLD & RESURRECTION (Running time approximately 1hr 20minutes) Tuesday 7th August – 5.45pm Wednesday 8th August – 5.45pm Friday 10th August – 5.45pm Saturday 11th August – 12.45pm (matinee) & 5.45pm (evening performance) Sunday 12th August – 5.45pm THE CREATION, FIELDS OF GOLD, NEITHER THE DAY NOR THE HOUR & MURMUR (Running time approximately 1hr 20minutes) Wednesday 15th August – 5.45pm Thursday 16th August – 5.45pm Friday 17th August – 5.45pm Saturday 18th August – 5.45pm (evening performance) Sunday 19th August – 5.45pm FINALE OF ALL THE PLAYS (Running time approximately 1hr 50minutes) Monday 27th August – 5.00pm
THE STORY SO FAR… The York Mystery Plays 2012 and Script Yorkshire York Branch created a project to include local writers towards the 2012 project. Writers were asked to submit short 15 minute, original scripts, based on modern interpretations from the York Mystery Cycle. Following a four month writer’s development programme, the six winning scripts, from over 40 submitted, have been put into production. York based Theatre Companies are collaborating to bring the six short plays to York Museum Gardens throughout August, as part of the York Mystery Plays 2012 pre-show entertainment: always ﬁnding a new format that holds true to the artistic integrity of the writing. Transported in to a haven hosted by masquerading angels: journey with them around the York Museum Gardens, encountering ‘Modern Mysteries’ along the way. Watch new writing brought to life in extraordinary surroundings - before the company head off to perform at The Forest of Galtres Festival from the 24th-26th August. Admission is FREE to the public – simply bring a picnic blanket and prepare to be transported.
For further information about The Modern Mysteries, the writers and all our actors please go to: www.yorkmysteryplays2012.com/The_Modern_Mysteries THE MODERN MYSTERIES WRITERS THE CREATION Danusia Iwaszco FIELDS OF GOLD Ged Cooper NEITHER THE DAY NOR THE HOUR Morven Hamilton MURMUR Jessica Fisher REFUGE Bill Hodson RESURRECTION Paul Osborne THE MODERN MYSTERIES CREW ARTISTIC PRODUCER Rebecca Stafford AUDIO DRAMA PRODUCER Mark Beasley DIRECTORS Ruby Clarke, Amos D Jacob, Athenoula Bartley, Alexander Wright ASSISTANT DIRECTORS Catherine Tottie, Ruth Parker-Wakeling PRODUCTION MANAGER Natasha Wallace PRODUCTION ASSISTANT Georgia Bird STAGE MANAGER Sadie Sugars ASSISTANT STAGE MANAGER Sarah Millican MASK CONSULTANT Kyle Davies (TongueTied Theatre) ILLUSTRATOR Jessie Gillick
EXCITING NEWS ABOUT REFUGE… To celebrate the opening of the Mystery Plays 2012, Refuge has been produced as an audio drama by Pilot Theatre and the Flanagan Collective. This distinctive and moving play, written by Bill Hodson, is downloadable in audio format as of August 2nd – the play comes with a set of instructions about how to listen to the piece for a new and alternative theatrical experience.
WITH SPECIAL THANKS TO: Pilot Theatre Company, TongueTied Theatre Company, Script Yorkshire York Branch, and York Theatre Royal
Yorkshire’s Magnificent Attractions Stuff to do. Things to see. Inside, outside & sometimes free. For exciting ideas and special offers, visit the web site and subscribe to our free newsletter and save pounds!! Visit www.yorkshireattractions.org for downloadable discount vouchers and to sign up.
OUR HIDDEN GEM Located just a stone’s throw from York Minster, Bettys on Stonegate is a small and cosy, much loved member of the Bettys family of tea rooms. Nestled safely above the bustle of Stonegate, enjoy a steaming pot of freshly brewed tea with a delicious treat from our cake trolley. We look forward to welcoming you Bettys Cafe Tea Rooms, 46 Stonegate 01904 622865.
hbagraphicdesign are proud to be associated with York Mystery Plays 2012, through the creative design of this souvenir programme and other printed marketing materials. What can we do for you? Logos and branding; brochures; leaflets; exhibition graphics; advertising; newsletters; posters and more…
hbagraphicdesign 1 Whitby Drive, Stockton Lane, York YO31 1EX T: 01904 438691 F: 01904 438692 E: email@example.com www.hba-design.com
THANKS Milles: Quality Fruit and Veg. Bishopthorpe Road
All of our Volunteer Fundraisers for their baking, bring and buy sales, rafﬂe ticket selling, bag packing and more
Murton Farming Museum
Beaumont Hay and Haylage
Bradshaws of York
Nich Passmore from Digital ID
Northern College of Costume
Castle Tree Surgeons
Paul Lovey and Mark Garnett from Mitreﬁnch
City Screen Picturehouse
Pete Law and everyone at HBA Graphic Design
Delma Tomlin at The National Centre for Early Music
Duncan Bartlett from Tesco at Askham Bar
Professor Gweno Williams
Elizabeth Stanford-Sharpe Elvington Plant Hire
Richard Oglesby and the Staff of Morrisons Foss Island Store
Fiona Williams and all at York City Libraries
Fred’s Home Bakery
Roger Lee and all the board of the York Mystery Plays
Friends of York Theatre Royal
Roy Grant and Russell Armitage from City of York Council
Shepherds Brass Band
The Danelaw Centre for Living History
The Vergers and Police at York Minster
John Platts from Pinnacl Solutions
Johnny Smyth – Artist
Johnny Westall-Eyre and Andrew Wilson at Birmingham Royal Ballet
Wood Farm Bed and Breakfast
York Archaeological Trust
Lady Jane Gibson
York’s CHOCOLATE Story
Yorkshire Museum of Farming
York Steiner School
Yorkshire Wildlife Park
A PRODUCTION BY YORK CULTURAL COMPANY. Company no: 7810751 YORK MYSTERY PLAYS 2012 ILLUSTRATION BY JOHNNY SMYTH
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