Page 1

1

"N{µ\n Pekm¶n²yw’ B[p\nI imkv{XtemI¯nsâ ]pXnb Is−¯tem?

N{µ\nse PeNcnXw AºnfnbΩmhs‚

Xmac°pºnfn¬

imkv{XtemIØns‚ Nt{µm]cnXeØn¬

tNmZyØn\v FØn®

F¥p-

adp]Snbmbn

v

F∂

Chandrayan-1

Moon Impact Probe (M.I.P), Moon

Mineralogy Mapper (M3) F∂nh \¬Inb Nne {]mYanI kqN\Iƒ

hn⁄m\ZmlnIfpsS Zmlia\Øn\v DXIp∂hbmWv.

N{µ\nse

Hcp S¨ ]mds∏mSnbn¬ \n∂pw 32 Hu¨kv Pew e`yamIpw F∂Xmbncp∂p BZykqN\. \n∂pw

Hcp

en‰¿

sh≈w

N{µ\nse Hcp L\ao‰¿ aÆn¬ kzmwioIcn®v

XpS¿kqN\bpw IuXpIIcambncp∂p.

FSp°mw

F∂

Nt{µm]cnXeØn¬ 2 km

apX¬ 15km hsc hymkw D≈ a™p\nd™ 40¬ A[nIw hn≈epIƒ D≈Xn¬ Npcpßnb ]£w 600 Zie£w sa{SnIv S¨ lna]mfnIƒ Ds-

∂v IcpXp∂Xmbn N{µbm\n¬ \n∂pw e`yamb

hnhcßfpsS

XpS¿]T\\nco£WßfpsS

"\mk'bnse imkv{X⁄¿ shfns∏SpØn. BsIbp≈

PeØns‚

Nt{µm]cnXeØn¬ Ds-

Ccp]Xv

∂v kmcw.

ASnÿm\Øn¬ `utam]cnXeØn¬ iXam\Øne[nIw

Atacn°≥ _lncmImi

KthjW GP≥knbmb "\mk'bpw, C¥ybpsS F°mesØbpw A`nam\w

Bb

ÿncoIcn®tXmsS Øo¿∂p.

I.S.R.O.

N{µbm≥

bpw ZuXyw

N{µ\nse XnI®pw

Pekm∂n≤yw km¿∞Iambn


2

`qanbnse PeNcnXw `utam]cnXeØns‚ 70.9% sh≈Øm¬ Np‰s∏´ncn°p∂p F∂v hcnInepw 680 tImSnbn¬ FØn\n¬°p∂ `qtemI P\kwJybpsS 16.18% P\߃ IpSnsh≈w In´msX \cIn°p∂p.

\S∏v

P\kwJybv°v

`qtemIP\X°mWv ^eambn D-

Xpeyamb

Cu

110

Zp¿§Xn.

`mcXØns‚

tImSntbmfw

hcp∂

Pem`mhØns‚

]cnWnX

mIp∂ tcmK߃ ]nSns]´v Cu `qanbn¬ {]XnZn\w

3900 Ip´nIƒ ZpcnXs∏´v acn°p∂p.

`mcXØn¬ ]{¥-

ptImSn

F¨]Xpe£w t]¿ IpSnsh≈w In´msX ZpcnXa\p`hn°p∂p`qtemIsØ

31cmPy߃

AXncq£ambpw,

`mKnIambpw

IpSnsh≈£maw

°ºn\nIƒ

{]Xnh¿jw

17

A\p`hn°ptºmƒ

F¨]Xn\mbncw

tImSn

v.

cmPy߃ _lpcmjv{S tUmfdns‚

IpSnsh≈°®hSw \SØp∂p F∂ Zpc¥ kXyw Ahtijn°p∂p. BtKmfXm]\hpw ImemhÿmhyXnbm\ßfpw Cßs\ XpS¿∂m¬ aq∂mw temIalmbp≤w "IpSnsh≈ Øn\pthF∂Xv XΩnepw,

\nkvX¿°amb cmPyØv

hkvXpX

bmWv.

kwÿm\߃

n'bp≈Xmbncn°pw `qanbn¬

XΩnepw

cmPy߃

PeØ¿°ßƒ

\nehnencn°p∂ kmlNcyØnemWv "N{µ\n¬ Pekm∂n≤yw' DF∂ "ip`hm¿Ø' {]k‡amIp∂Xv.

aebmfØns‚ {]nb Ihn

"ssIX{]w ZmtamZc≥ \ºqXncn' Cßs\ FgpXn.

“Xn¶fn≥ Ipfncnfw s\©n\p≈n¬

kvt\lPe_nµpI-

psht∂m!

XqshÆnemhn¬ Rm≥ IWnIkXyambv amdp∂psht∂m!

v

sX√mw


3

IhnXbpsS kXyw Pbn°p∂psht∂m! kz]v\w hk¥ambv amdp∂psht∂m! ” JtKmf߃ Hmtcm∂pw ASpØdn™v Ahbn¬ Pekm∂n≤yw D≈hsb {]tXyIw \nco£n®dn™v AhnSßfn se√mw Pohs‚ km≤yXIƒ

Bcm™v

BImitKmfßfn¬

Dd∏phcpØn,

Ime{IaØn¬

km≤yamIp∂nSsØ√mw

CSØmhf߃

]WnbpI F∂XmWv a\pjys‚ _lncmImi ]cythjWßfpsS BXy¥nIamb e£yw.

“A∂mXv `h¥n`qXm\n ]¿÷\ymZ∂kw`h: ”

F∂n{]Imcw - {ioaZv`KhXvKoXbn¬ I¿ΩtbmKw F∂ 3-mw A≤ymbØn¬ 14-mw ivtfmIØns‚ ]q¿∆m¿≤w sImImcW`qXamb A∂w PeØn¬ DZzm]cbpKØnse

IrjvW≥

B[p\nIimkv{XbpKØnse

v - “Poh\v

mIp∂p” - F∂ imkv{XXzw

A¿÷p\t\mSv A`n\h

]d™ph®Xv-

]m¿∞∑m¿°v,

-

Pew

At\zjn°p∂SsØ√mw Pohs‚ km≤yXIƒ IqSn At\zjn°m≥ kphy‡amb t{]cW \¬Ip∂p.

imkv{XtemIw C∂v ssIhcn®ncn°p∂ bm{¥nIkuIcy߃ H∂pw

C√mXncp∂

kmlNcyßfn¬

t]mb

kl{km–ßfnse

Pohn®ncp∂

kXymt\zjnIƒ

A]cnjvIrX XßfpsS

]q¿∆nIcmb al¿jnamcpsS ]mXIsf hnizmk]q¿∆w ]n¥pS¿∂v \`›cßsf imkv{Xobambn \nco£n®v Is-

Øn \n¿`bw hnfn®p


4

]d™

H´\h[n

imkv{Xclkyßfnsem∂mWv

"N{µ_nw_w

PeabamWv" F∂ hkvXpX.

hcmlanlnc≥ hn{IamZnXykZ nse hnJymX "\hcXv\w' hcmlanlnc≥ (A.D. 499 – 587) Bbncp∂p

`qansb

taev]d™ kXymt\zjnIfn¬ {]apJ≥.

{]]©tI{µambn

\nco£Wßfmbncp∂p

Iev]n®psIm-

p≈

hcmlanlnct‚Xv.

tPmXn»mkv{X ]©kn≤m¥nI,

kamk kwlnX, _rl’wlnX, kzev] PmXIw, tlmcmimkv{Xw (_rl÷mXIw),

tbmKbm{Xm,

apXembh

At±lØns‚

"N{µ\nse

PeabXzw'î

_rl’wlnXbnsebpw,

almbm{X,

{][m\

hnhml

IrXnIfmWv.

km[qIcn°m≥

Cu

]Sew F∂m¬

teJ\Øn¬

_rl÷mXIØnsebpw

(tlmcm

imkv{Xw) \nbaßsfbmWv B{ibn®n´p≈Xv.

Bcy`S≥ (P\\w - AD 476) Xs‚ 23-mw hb n¬ hncNnXamb ë "Bcy`Sobw'í °rXnsIm-

p Xs∂ hnizhnJymX\mWv Bcy`S≥.

F∂ H‰ ë N{µ\nse

PeabXzw km[qIcn°m≥ Cu teJ\Øn¬ Bcy`SobØnse Nne \nbaßsf B{ibn®n´p-

v. Bcy`Ss‚ tPymXn»mkv{X \nco£W

߃ `qansb {]]©tI{µambn Iev]n®p sIm-

hcmlanlncs‚

tlmcmimkv{XØn¬

p≈Xm bncp∂n√.

(_rl÷mXIw)

"hn{Iabp‡w ]rYzo\mYw' (11/09) F∂ {]tbmKw D≈Xn\m¬ "JymtXm hcml anlnc: F∂ hntijWw D≈ hn{IamZnXy


5

kZ nse

"\hcXv\'ßfn¬

BZnXyZmks‚

"JymX≥'

]p{X\mbn

kz]nXmhn¬

\n∂pw

hc_ehpw

t\SnbXmbn

a‰mcpas√∂pd∏n°mw.

Ah¥ntZiØv

Adnhpw,

BZnXy

P\n®

`Khm\n¬

{KŸmhkm\Øn¬

Xm≥ \n∂pw

]dbp∂p-

v.

A{]Imcsa√mancn°p∂ _rl÷mXIØn\v kwkvIrX `mjbn¬ Øs∂

Ccp]Xn¬

thsdbpw D-

v.

A[nIhpw,

H´\h[n

`mjmhymJym\߃

^e{]hN\ cwKØv C°meØv sPuXnjnIƒ

Ahew_n°p∂Xv

_rl÷mXIhpw,

AXns‚

"Zim≤ymbn'

apXemb B[nImcnI hymJym\ßfpw BWv.

Bcy`Sobw, _rl’wlnX, _rl÷mXIw F∂o {KŸßsf Bkv]Zam°n

N{µs‚

PeabXzw

kw_‘n®

Bcy`Ss‚bpw,

hcmlanlncs‚bpw \nco£W߃ \ap°v ]cntim[n°mw. BZyw _rl’wlnXbnse H∂masØbpw, c-

"N{µNmcw"

F∂

\memw

A≤ymbØnse

matØbpw t«mI߃ ]cntim[n°mw.

“\nXya[ÿkwtkytµm¿ `mZn¿ `mt-\m nXw `hXy¿≤w

kzOmbbm\yZknXw Ipw`tkyhmX]ÿky” (04/01) kmcw: shbneØv h® IpSØns‚ kqcym`napJamb `mKw {]Imin®pw

adp`mKw

IpSØns‚

Xs∂

adhn\m¬

Ccp-

pw

ImWs∏Sp∂Xv t]mse kqcys‚ At[m`mKØv ÿnX\mb N{µs‚ tKmfm¿≤`mKw kqcycivan X´p∂Xn\m¬ {]Imin®pw adp`mKw kz¥w \ngen\m¬Øs∂ Ccp-

pw ImWs∏Sp∂p.


6

c-

masØ t«mIw ]cntim[n°p∂Xn\v sXm´p ap≥]v {]Ya

t«mIØns‚

BibsØ

IW°nseSpØv

hcmlanlncs\

Bcy`S≥ F{]Imcw km[qIcn°p∂p F∂v t\m°mw.

“`q{Kl`m\mw tKmfm¿≤m\n kz—mbbmhnh¿Æm\n

A¿≤m\nbYmkmcw kqcym`napJm\nZo]yt¥” (04/05) Bcy`SobØn¬

tKmf]mZw

F∂

\memw

A≤ymbØnse

A©masØ t«mIamWnXv. `qan, {Kl߃, D]{Kl߃ XpSßnb \`›cßfpsS tKmfm¿≤`mK߃ AXmXpIfpsS Xs∂ adhn\m¬ hnh¿Æw Bbncns° kqcym`napJambn hcp∂Xn\\pkcn®v Ah {]IminXambns°m-

ncn°p∂p F∂XmWv t«mIkmcw.

C\n hcmlanlncs‚ "_rl’wlnX'bnse N{µNmcw F∂ \memw A≤ymbØnse c-

mw t«mIw t\m°mw.

“keneatbiin\ncth¿Zo[nXtbm aq¿—nXmkvXtamss\iw

£]bXn Z¿∏tWmZc\nlXm Ch aµnckym¥x” (04/02) kmcw IÆmSnbn¬°qSn {]Xn^en®v apdnbn¬ FØp∂ shfn®w apdnbv°p≈nse

Ccp´ns\

AI‰p∂Xv

t]mse

Peabamb

N{µ_nw_Øn¬ ]Xn°p∂ kqcycivanIƒ `qanbn¬ {]Xn^en®v cm{XnbpsS A‘ImcsØ AI‰p∂p.

hcmlanlncmNmcy≥

Xs‚

"tlmcmimkv{Xw'

AYhm

_rl÷mXIw' F∂ {KŸØn¬ DS\ofw N{µs\ Pehpambn


7

_‘s∏SpØn

F{]Imcw

AhXcn∏n®ncn°p∂p {]m[m\yw

F∂v

]cnKWn®v

Xs‚

\ap°v

]cntim[n°mw.

NnebnSØv

hmb\°m¿°v

e£yØn¬

NnebnSØv

{]IrX{KŸØnse sImSpØn´pap-

A≤ymb

a‰p

v. F∂m¬ Cu teJ\w

hnckhpw hnh£nXamb

\{ºpw,

hnjb

]q¿Æt«mIßfpw,

NnebnSØv A¿≤t«mIßfpw tN¿Øn´pAXnÿqehpw,

\nco£Wßsf

BIcpXv

F∂

kqN\Iƒ°v

t«mI\{ºpw

{_m°‰n¬

v. hmb\°mcnse KthjW IpXpInIƒ°v {]IrX

{KŸw ]cntim[n®v ChnsS FgpXs∏´ hkvXpXIfpsS bmYm¿∞yw t_m≤ys∏Sp∂Xn\pw Cu kwhn[m\w D]Icn°pw.

Peab\mb N{µs‚ tKmfm¿≤`mKØv kqcym`napJyw hcptºmƒ kqcycivanbpsS {]Xn^e\w tlXphmbn N{µs‚ kzXthbp≈ {]Imi

iq\yX

\oßn

N{µ_nw_Øns‚

aq¿ØnaZv`mhw

ZriyamIp∂p - F∂ kmcw Dƒs°m≈p∂ “bxii`rXxaq¿ØntXz ]cnIev]nXx

-

(01/01)

hcmlanlncmNmcy≥

-

Xs‚

F∂

{]Jym]\tØm

tlmcmimkv{Xw

sSbmWv

(_rl÷mXIw)

{]mcw`n°p∂XpXs∂.

“X\phrØX\p¿∫lphmX I^x {]m⁄›iioarZphmIv ip`ZrIv” (02/08)

Krltbm\nt`Z

{]IcWw

F∂

A„at«mIØns‚ ]q¿∆m¿≤w sIm-

c-

mw

A≤ymbØnse

v C\nbpw Ht´sd IYIƒ

X∂n¬ kq£n°p∂ {XnIme⁄m\n ({]m⁄)bmWv N{µ≥ F∂v hcmlanlnc≥ hy‡am°p∂p.


8

Xpln\Kp [(02/01), 02/15), (05/15)], ioXKp [(02/01), (05/19), (09/01), (18/05), (21/13), (23/03)], ioXcivan [(02/02), (06/12), (22/19)], ioXIc≥ [(02/17), (05/10), (13/03), (16/22), (21/14), (24/06)] ioXabqJ≥ (02/18),

Xpln\IncW≥ (03/07), A\pjvWZo[nXn (04/01), lnamwip [(04/03), (13/03), (23/05)], ioXIncW≥ [(04/13), (23/08)], lnaKp [(05/25), (06/05),

lnaZo[nXn

(08/11), (09/04), (09/05), (23/03), (23/10)],

(06/01),

Xpln\mwip (06/09), ioXmwip [(06/10), (13/03), (22/15)], Xpln\civan (16/17), inincIc≥

(17/33), lnaIc≥

_rl÷mXIØn¬

hcmlanlnc≥

F∂nhbpambn

(23/02) F∂o

a™v,

t]cpIfn¬

XWp∏v,

Pew

_‘s∏SpØnbmWv

]cnNbs∏SpØXpXs∂.

N{µs\

Xs‚ {KŸØn¬ {]Xn]mZnXßfmb

kIe kw⁄Ifpw (\macq]߃ F√mw) AXmXpIfpsS t]cn\v Xpeyamb X\Xv KpWßsf√mw {]Zm\w sNøpsa∂v "kz\makZrimx (01/05) F∂ {]tbmKØm¬ hcmlanlnc≥ kphy‡am°p∂p-

"kzev]w

hrØ

]d™ncn°pIbm¬,

hnNn{Xa¿∞

_lpew'

almkap{ZsØ

(01/02)

sNdnb

-

v.

F∂v

IpSØn¬

HXp°p∂Xpt]mse ]q¿∆mNmcy∑mcpsS H´t\Iw taZpc{KŸßsf AXy¥w kmckwt£]w sNbvXv 383 (_lpew) t«mIßfn¬ hncNn°s∏´Xmbpw kv]„amIp∂p.

F∂m¬ ta¬{]Imcw D≈

Hcp {KŸØn¬ "N{µ:(N{µ≥)' F∂ ]Zw 40 {]mhiyhpw, iin AYhm iin\n (45), Cµp (41), iim¶: AYhm iim¶≥ (10), iim¶mXv (5), N{µmXv (5), DUp]:AYhm DUp]≥ (4), ii`rØv (1), N{µam: (1), £]m\mY: AYhm £]m\mY≥ (1), N{µmwiw (1), \nim\mY: AYhm \nim\mY≥ (1), Dtji: AYhm Dtji≥ (1), £]mIc: AYhm £]mIc≥ (1), Nm{µow (1), \nim]Xn (1) F∂o


9

hm°pIfpw, N{µs‚ kzt£{Xamb I¿°nSIw cminsb Dt±in®v – ‘Ipfoc:' AYhm Ipfocw (6), ‘I¿°S:' AYhm I¿°Sw (4), I¿°n (4), Nm{µw (3), ‘I¿°SI:' AYhm I¿°SIw (2), iinKrlw (2),

N{µ`h\w (1), iin`h\w (1), Cµpt£{Xw (1), Nm{µ`w (1), iin`w (1),

Cµp`w

(1)

F∂o

hm°pIƒ

AXmXns‚

{_m°‰n¬

sImSpØncn°p∂{Xbpw {]mhiyhpw {]tbmKn®ncn °p∂p. ⁄≥, hnXv, _p[≥ F∂o hm°pIƒ HgnsI _p[s\ kqNn∏n°m≥ kuay≥, iinP≥, iinX\b≥, iinkpX≥, sFµh≥, CµpP≥, iim¶P≥

F∂o

i–kmZriyw

hm°pIƒ

sIm-

v

_‘s∏SpØnbpamWv "cminioe{]IcWw'

N{µ\pambn

"tlamhv'

F∂

{]tbmKn®n´p≈Xv F∂

16-mw

_‘s∏SpØnbpw, ]Zw

a™nt\mSv

F∂p

ImWmw.

A≤ymbØn¬

tajmZn

ao\]cy¥ap≈ cminIfnse N{µs‚ ÿnXn^ew hnhcn°m≥ 12 t«mI߃ (16/1-12) D]tbmKn®t∏mƒ kqcymZn i\n ]cy¥ap≈ Nt{µXc{Kl߃ Bdn\pw IqSn CtX ^ew hnhcn°m≥ BNmcy\v BsI

19

t«mI߃

(16/14-32)

am{Xta

th-

n

h∂p≈q.

cmint`Z{]IcWw apX¬ t{Z°mW kzcq] {]IcWw hscbp≈ _rl÷mXIØnse 25 A≤ymbßfn¬ N{µs\ {]Xn]mZn°mØ Hc≤ymbw Ist«mI߃ {]IcWw'

ØpI {iaIcamWv. "Nm{µtbmK {]IcWw' F∂ 9 Dƒs°m≈p∂

F∂

9

]Xnaq∂mw

t«mI߃

A≤ymbhpw,

Dƒs°m≈p∂

A≤ymbhpw hcmlanlnc≥ N{µ\v th-

"Zr„n

]Xnt\gmw

n {]tXyIw \o°nh®p.

\h{Klßfn¬ Imemflmhpw, AactPymXn pIfpsS `¿Ømhpw, kucbqYØns‚ tI{µhpamb kqcy≥ Dƒs∏sS as‰mcp {KlØn\p th-

nbpw Hc≤ymbw t]mepw BNmcy≥ \o°nh®n´n√. Zim]lmc

{]IcWw F∂ F´ma≤ymbØn¬ 10-mw t«mIØns‚ DØcm¿≤w.


10

“ant{Xmt®m]Nb {XntImWaZt\ ]mtIizckyÿnX-

›{µxkXv^et_m[\m\nIpcptX ]m]m\nNmƒtXmƒ\yYm” F∂ \nba{]Imcw GsXmcp Zibpw {]mcw`n°ptºmƒ Zim\mYs‚ _‘pt£{XØntem, D®cminbntem 3, 6, 10, 11, 5, 9, 7 `mhßfntem N{µ≥ \n∂m¬ ip`^e߃ A\p`hn°pw.

CXcÿm\ßfn¬

Zimcw`Øn¬ \n¬°p∂ N{µ≥ Aip`^eßtfbpw \¬Ip∂p. Npcp°Øn¬ tami^ew kqNn∏n°p∂ Hcp ZibpsS {]mcw`Øn¬ N{µ≥ C„ÿs\¶n¬ ip`^eßfpw, kXv^ew kqNn∏n°p∂ Hcp ZibpsS {]mcw`Øn¬ N{µ≥ A\n„ÿs\¶n¬ tami^ehpw A\p`hn°pw. F´ma≤ymbØnse 11-mw t«mIØns‚ BZy]mZw: “{]mcœm

{]Imcw

lnaKukzKrltKam\m¿∞kuJymhlm”N{µ≥

I¿°nSØn¬

\n¬°ptºmƒ

F∂Xv

{]mcw`n°p∂

GsXmcp Zibpw A`nam\w, [\w, kpJw F∂nh {]Zm\w sNøp∂p.

“inincIc kamKta£W\mw kZri^ew {]hZ¥neKv\PmXw”

F∂ cminioe {]IcWØnse (16/33) Ahkm\ t«mIØns‚ ]q¿∆m¿≤w kqNn∏n°p∂ \nba{]Imcw tajmZnao\]cy¥ap≈ ]{¥-

v cminIfn¬ N{µ\v ]dbs∏´ncn°p∂ ÿnXn ^eßfpw

ta¬{]Imcap≈

N{µ\v

bmsX√mamtWm

AsX√mw

eKv\ambn

hcptºmgpw,

CXc{KlßfpsS tajmZn

ao\]cy¥ap≈

tajmZneKv\ßfnte°v

hcptºmgpw AtX{]Imcw ^en°pw. F∂p≈XpsIm-

v

Zr„n^eßfpw

eKv\sØ

"tlmcm'

cminIƒ {KlZr„n

"tlmtcXneKv\w' (01/09) F∂v

hyhlcn°mw.


11

eKv\Øn\v

Xpey\mWv

eKv\imkv{Xamb t]cn´v

N{µ≥

tlmcm

hnfn®m¬

t_m≤ys∏´

imkv{XØn\v

sX‰n√.

Iev]n®ncn°bm¬

F∂v

ÿnXn°v

"Nm{µimkv{Xw'

eKv\Øn\pw

N{µ\pw

"Nm{µimkv{X'amWv

F∂v At`Zw

tlmcmimkv{Xw

(_rl÷mXIw) F∂v kn≤n°p∂p.

]cmicmZnIfmb k¶o¿Æßfpw,

]q¿∆mNmcy∑mcpsS alØpw,

H´\h[n

_rlØpamb

i–\ymb

{KŸkaqlßsf

AXy¥w ]Wns∏´v kmckwt£]w sNbvXv hncNn°s∏´Xmbn _rl÷mXIw AYhm tlmcmimkv{Xw F∂ {]IrX {KŸØn¬ {KŸI¿Ømhmb hcmlanlncmNmcy≥ Xs∂ hfsc {]Xn⁄m _≤XtbmsS (01/02) {]kvXmhn® kmlNcyØn¬ AtX {KŸØn¬ N{µs\ {]Xn]mZn°m≥ th-

n am{Xw ta¬ kqNn∏n®Xp {]Imcw

C{Xb[nIw hm°pIfpw, hmIyßfpw, t«mIßfpw, {]tXyIw cA≤ymb߃ N{µ\p≈

Xs∂bpw

AXy[nIamb

\o°nh®Xn¬ {]m[m\yw

\n∂pw

v

\`›cßfn¬

hy‡amIp∂p.

N{µs\

]cnNbs∏SpØm≥ hcmlanlncmNmcy¿ D]tbmKn® hm°pIfn¬ A[nIhpw

a™v,

XWp∏v,

_‘s∏´hbmsW∂v

kmam\y

km[mcW°m¿°v

t]mepw

Pew

`mjm

⁄m\w

_rl÷mXIw

F∂nhbpambn am{Xw

D≈

hmbn®m¬

t_m≤ys∏Spw.

Aw_p AYhm Pew [(02/05), (08/21)], Peÿm\w (02/12) Ch N{µs\s°m-

v \n¿Æbn°p∂p. Pehml\ßfnse P\\w (05/08),

PeØn¬ {]khw (05/09), kap{ZXocw XpSßn, ehWmwiw D≈nSØv P\\w (05/11) F∂nh N{µs\s°m-

v \n¿Æbn°p∂p.

{Zh


12

C‘\߃,

kvt\l{Zhy߃

FÆ°pcp°ƒ

{]Zm\w

(05/18),

sNøp∂

]m¬hr£ßƒ,

hr£mZnIƒ

(03/07),

Pehr£ßƒ (03/06), Pe]£nIƒ (03/05), PeP¥p°ƒ (05/25), k]vX[mXp°fn¬ c‡w (02/11), EXp°fn¬ "h¿j' EXp (02/12), apØv apXemb kapt{Zmev]∂߃, D∏pckw (02/14), Pehpambn _‘s∏´v D]Poh\w (10/02), ap´, ]mepev]∂߃, \oscSp°mhp∂ Icnºv

apXembh,

I™n

apXemb

{Zhmlmcm߃,

tZlw

hnb¿Ø° hymbmamZn ]cn{ia߃, Nµ\w, ]\n\ocv apXemb kpK‘{Zhy߃

(08/13),

F∂n{]Imcw

N{µs\

Pehpambn

_‘s∏SpØn hcmlanlnc≥ _rl÷mXIØn¬ ]cma¿in®ncn °p∂p.

N{µs‚ PeabXzw _rl’wlnXbn¬ hcmlanlncmNmcys‚ _rl’wlnXbnse "{Klh¿j e£Ww' F∂ ]sØmºXma≤ymbØn¬ 4 apX¬ 6 hsc t«mIßsfs°m-

v

-

N{µ≥

3

h¿jamkmZnIfpsS

\mY\mbn

hcptºmƒ [mcmfw ag s]øpw F∂ hkvXpX {]Xn]mZn®ncn°p∂p. {]IrX{KŸØnse A≤ymbØnse

"ktZymhr„ne£Ww' GXm\pw

Nne

F∂

t«mI߃

]cntim[n°mw. “h¿j{]ivt\ kene\nebw cmin am{inXy Nt{µm

eKv\w bmtXm`hXn bZn hm tI{µ Kivip¢]t£ kyssay¿ Zr„x{]NpcapZIw ]m]Zrt„mev]aw`x {]mhrƒ°mte krPXn \Nncm®{µhXv`m¿§thm]n” [_r.kw. 28/01]

Ccp]sØ´mw IqSn

\ap°v


13

kmcw: N{µ≥ Pecmin eKv\Øntem knX]£sa¶n¬ tI{µØntem \n¬s° h¿jsØ∏‰n tNmZyw h∂m¬ ag s]øpw F∂p Xs∂ ]dbWw. N{µ\v ip`Zr„nsb¶n¬ AXni‡nbmbpw, ]m]Zr„nsb ¶n¬ Zp¿∫eambpw ag s]øpw. N{µs‚ ÿm\Øv ip{I\mbmepw ^ew hn`n∂a√.

as‰mcp \nbaw t\m°pI. “ipIIt]mXhntemN\ k∂nt`m

a[p\n`›bZm lnaZo[nXnx {]XniioNbZm \ninZriytX ]XXn hmcn XZm \Nncm±nhx” [_r.kw. 28/11]

kmcw: cm{Xnbn¬ N{µ≥ InfnbptStbm, amS{]mhnt‚tbm IÆpIƒ t]mep≈ \ndtØmSp IqSntbm, tX\ns‚ \ndØntem ImWs∏´mepw, {]XnN{µs\ I-

mepw DSs\ ag s]øpw F∂v Xo¿®s∏SpØmw.

ta¬ {]Imcw N{µs\ Pehpambn _‘s∏SpØn hcmlanlnc≥ BhnjvIcn®ncn°p∂ as‰mcp \nbaw IqSn ]cntim[n°mw.

{]mhrjn ioXItcm `rKp]p{Xm≥ k]vX acmin KXiivip`Zr„x kqcykpXmXv\h]©atKmhm k]vXaK›PemKa\mb [_r.kw. 28/19]


14

kmcw: h¿j Ime N{µ≥ ip{Is‚ Ggntem i\nbpsS 5, 7, 9 F∂o `mhßfn¬ H∂ntem ip`Zr„ntbmsS \n∂m¬ A∂v ag s]øpw F∂v Adn™psIm≈Ww.

Bcy`SobØnse cteJ\w

p t«mI߃ IqSn hniZoIcn®psIm-

kam]n∏n®psIm≈mw.

Bcy`Ss‚

Is-

v Cu

ØepIƒ

tPymXn»mkv{XcwKØv Hcp hgnØncnhmbn F∂v ]dbmsX hø.

“A\ptemaKXn¿\uÿ: ]iyXyNew hntemaKw b≤Xv

ANem\n`m\n X≤Xv ka]›naKm\ne¶mbmw” Bcy`Sobw "tKmf]mZw' F∂ 4-mw A≤ymbØnse 9-masØ t«mIamWnXv.

kmcw:

Hcp h©nbn¬ aptºm´v Xpg™p t]mIp∂ hy‡n°v

Icbnse \n›eßfmb hkvXp°ƒ ]pdtIm´p t]mIp∂Xmbn tXm∂p∂Xpt]mse `qanbn¬ {]tXyI ÿm\Øp \n∂p sIm-

v

(e¶) BImiw ho£n°ptºmƒ {]]© tPymXn pIƒ ]Sn™mdv Znibnte°v

t]mIp∂Xmbn

tXm∂pw.

tPymXn

cq]߃

]Sn™mtdm´p t]mIp∂Xv `qansb Ah {]Z£nWw hbv°p∂Xp sIm-

v A√, and®v `qan ]q¿∆m`napJambn Xncnbp∂XpsIm-

v

tPymXn¿tKmf߃ ]Sn™mtdm´v t]mIp∂Xmbn tXm∂p∂XmWv. Keoentbmbv°pw, tIm∏¿ \n° n\pw Bbncw h¿jw ap≥]v Xs∂ Bcy`S≥

ta¬∏d™

hkvXpX

\n¿Æbn®p

Ft∂m¿°pI.

"N{µs‚ PeabXzw' kw_‘n® Bcy`Ss‚ \nco£Ww IqSn \ap°v ]cntim[n°mw.


15

“Nt{µmPe a¿t°mKv\narZv`q Ombm]n bmXakvXZvhn-

OmZbXn iinkqcyw iin\w N alXoN`qOmbm”. Bcy`Sobw "tKmf]mZw'F∂ 4-matØXpw AhkmtØXpamb A≤ymbØnse 37-masØ t«mIamWnXv.

kmcw: N{µ≥ Peabhpw kqcy≥ AKv\nabhpw, `qan ]rYznabhpw BIp∂p. \ng¬

\ng¬ F∂Xv Ccp´v BIp∂p. N{µt\bpw,

bp‡Imeßfn¬ kqcy\pw

N{µ≥

{KlWØn\v

CSbnembn

N{µ≥

`qanbpsS alØmb

kqcyt\bpw

adbv°p∂Xv

ImcWamIp∂p. hcptºmƒ

[`qan°pw

N{µ≥

kqcys\

adbv°p∂Xv kqcy{KlWhpw, kqcy\pw N{µ\pw CSbnembn `qan hcptºmƒ `qan N{µs\ adbv°p∂Xv N{µ{KlWhpamIp∂p].}

N{µ≥

Peab\msW∂

ImcyØn¬

Bcy`S≥

hcmlanlnct\mSv ]p¿Æambpw tbmPn®ncn°p∂Xv t\m°q.

Cu

teJ\Øn¬

hnjbØn¬

\n∂p

hn´v

Fs¥¶nepw

]d™n´p≈Xmbn tXm∂p∂psh¶n¬ kZbw £an°pI. hymk≥, hknjvT≥, A{Xn, ]cmic≥, Imiy]≥, \mcZ≥, K¿§≥, acoNn, a\p, AwKnc v temai≥, ]ueni≥, Nyh\≥, bh\≥, `rKp, iu\I≥, {_“mhv, BZnXy≥, ]pekvXy≥, amfihy≥, hmatZh≥, kXymNmcy≥, hnjvWpKp]vX≥, ab≥, aWnŸ≥, IrjvWmNmcy¿, `mkvIcmNmcy¿ I & II, kwKa{Kma am[h≥, XpSßn tPymXn»mkv{X cwKsØ Ht´sd ]q¿∆mNmcy∑mcpw, Ahcm¬ hncNnXamb Ht´sd


16

{]amW{KŸßfpw, H´t\Iw

^e{]hN\{KŸßfpw,

hymJym\ßfpw

tPymXn»mkv{XtaJe. F√m

{KŸßfnepw

]dbmXncn°m≥

hgn

sIm-

v

Ah

Hmtcm∂n\pw

kº∂amWv

`mcXob

ta¬ kqNn∏n® F√m BNmcy∑mcptSbpw N{µs‚

PeabXzw

ImWp∂n√.

]e

F∂p

{]ImtcW

IcpXn

ta¬

{KŸßsf√mw XeapSn \mcng Iodn hymJym\n®v hniZoIcn°m≥ ]finX∑m¿°v am{Xta Ignbq F∂Xn\m¬ BbXn\v Xp\n™v A_≤Iq]Øn¬ F∂m¬

\n]Xn°m≥

N{µafiew

Xosc

PeabamsW∂

D’mlw

tXm∂p∂n√.

B[p\nI

imkv{X

temIØns‚ hmZw H´pw ]pXpabp≈Xs√∂v- Ht´sd BNmcy∑mcpw, Ht´sd {KŸßfpw D≈Xn¬ tIhew c-

v BNmcy∑mcpsS - aq∂p

{KŸßfnse GXm\pw Nne \nba߃ sIm-

v Xs∂ am\y

hmb\°m¿°v CXn\Iw hy‡ambn F∂v hcnIn¬ Cubp≈h≥ IrXm¿∞\mbn.

F. F≥. {]Zo]v \ºqXncn AØna‰Øv (awKe v ) a\ amΩet»cn ]n. H. cmaawKew hgn FdWmIpfw Pn√, ]n≥ - 686663 Mobile Number

- 9446897909,

Res. Number

- 0485 2277990


17

A\p_‘w _rl÷mXØn¬

N{µ≥,

N{µt£{Xamb

I¿°nSIw

cmin

F∂nh kqNn∏n°m≥ hcmlanlnc≥ D]tbmKn® Nne hm°pIƒ teJ\Øn¬ A≤ymb\{ºpw t«mI\{ºpw klnXw {_m°‰n¬ kqNn∏n°mØh Xmsg kqNn∏n°p∂p.

Hcp t«mIØn¬Øs∂

Htc hm°v H∂ne\nIw h∂n´p≈h {_m°‰n\v apIfn¬ A°an´v kqNn∏n®n´pap-

heXpheØv

v. N{µ: (N{µ≥) apX¬ \nim]Xn

hsc N{µt\bpw, Ipfoc:(Ipfocw) apX¬ Cµp`w hsc I¿°nSIw cminsbbpw bYm{Iaw Xmsg kqNn∏n®ncn°p∂p. N{µ: (N{µ≥):-

[(01/06), (01/11), (02/11), (03/01), (04/13), (04/16),

(04/20), (05/08), (05/14), (05/22), (05/23), (06/08), (06/09), (06/10), (06/13), (08/09), (08/10), (11/03)2, (11/05), (11/09), (11/15), (13/01), (15/03), (16/03), (16/04), (16/13), (17/01), (17/08), (19/06), (21/06), (21/07)3, (21/09), (21/10), (23/04), (23/06), (23/10), (24/03)]

iin: (iin\n) :- [(02/06), (02/07), (02/08), (02/19), (04/08), (04/11), (04/13), (04/18)2, (04/22), (05/06), (05/08), (05/09), (05/17), (06/01), (06/04), (06/06), (06/07), (06/08), (07/13 ), (09/02), (11/02), (11/04), (11/05), (11/07), (11/17), (11/18)2, (13/01), (14/02), (15/04), (16/13), (17/04)2, (17/06), (20/06), (21/03), (21/04), (21/05), (21/08), (22/02), (22/06), (23/02), (23/03), (23/14)]

Cµp:- [(02/04), (02/05), (02/14), (03/05), (03/06), (04/01), (04/03), (04/04), (04/05), (04/07), (04/10), (04/13 ), (04/17), (04/21), (05/01), (05/06), (05/11), (05/12), (05/16), (08/13), (10/01)2, (11/06), (11/07), (11/08), (11/14), (13/02), (14/01), (17/08), (21/05), (21/06), (21/08), (22/01), (22/10), (22/13)2, (22/14), (23/05), (23/07), (23/08)2]

iim¶: (iim¶≥):- [(04/10), (04/19), (04/21), (05/03), (05/06), (06/11), (08/01), (11/06), (11/17), (16/04)]

iim¶mXv:- [(05/18), (09/06) ,(13/09 ), (18/04) ,(24/05)]


18

N{µmXv:- [(05/17) ,(09/13), (09/07), (21/01), (24/06)] DUp]: (DUp]≥):- [(05/10) ,(13/08) ,(20/02) ,(21/12)] ii`rØv: (01/01), N{µam:- (02/02) £]m\mY: (£]m\mY≥):- (05/02) N{µmwiw:- (10/03) \nim\mY: (\nim\mY≥):- (11/11) Dtji: (Dtji≥):- (14/01) £]mIc: (£]mIc≥):- (15/01) Nm{µnw:- (19/04) \nim]Xn:- (21/17) Ipfoc:(Ipfocw):-[(01/13),(01/18), (05/20), (07/13), (11/10), (16/15)] I¿°S: (I¿°Sw):- [(20/02), (21/07) ,(25/10) ,(25/12)] I¿°n:- [(01/10) ,(16/31) ,(21/09)2] Nm{µw:- [(16/19), (16/26), (22/12)] I¿°SI: (I¿°SIw):- [(23/03) ,(25/11)] iinKrlw:- [(11/08), (18/01)] N{µ`h\w:- (01/06) iin`h\w:- (01/07) Cµpt£{Xw:- (11/04) Nm{µ`w:- (16/26) iin`w:- (16/29) Cµp`w:- (22/05)


Water in Moon - A New Finding ?  

This articles explains in detail, the new chandrayaan finding of water traces in moon is infact mentioned in old indian texts.

Advertisement
Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you