Page 1

1

"N{µ\n Pekm¶n²yw’ B[p\nI imkv{XtemI¯nsâ ]pXnb Is−¯tem?

N{µ\nse PeNcnXw AºnfnbΩmhs‚

Xmac°pºnfn¬

imkv{XtemIØns‚ Nt{µm]cnXeØn¬

tNmZyØn\v FØn®

F¥p-

adp]Snbmbn

v

F∂

Chandrayan-1

Moon Impact Probe (M.I.P), Moon

Mineralogy Mapper (M3) F∂nh \¬Inb Nne {]mYanI kqN\Iƒ

hn⁄m\ZmlnIfpsS Zmlia\Øn\v DXIp∂hbmWv.

N{µ\nse

Hcp S¨ ]mds∏mSnbn¬ \n∂pw 32 Hu¨kv Pew e`yamIpw F∂Xmbncp∂p BZykqN\. \n∂pw

Hcp

en‰¿

sh≈w

N{µ\nse Hcp L\ao‰¿ aÆn¬ kzmwioIcn®v

XpS¿kqN\bpw IuXpIIcambncp∂p.

FSp°mw

F∂

Nt{µm]cnXeØn¬ 2 km

apX¬ 15km hsc hymkw D≈ a™p\nd™ 40¬ A[nIw hn≈epIƒ D≈Xn¬ Npcpßnb ]£w 600 Zie£w sa{SnIv S¨ lna]mfnIƒ Ds-

∂v IcpXp∂Xmbn N{µbm\n¬ \n∂pw e`yamb

hnhcßfpsS

XpS¿]T\\nco£WßfpsS

"\mk'bnse imkv{X⁄¿ shfns∏SpØn. BsIbp≈

PeØns‚

Nt{µm]cnXeØn¬ Ds-

Ccp]Xv

∂v kmcw.

ASnÿm\Øn¬ `utam]cnXeØn¬ iXam\Øne[nIw

Atacn°≥ _lncmImi

KthjW GP≥knbmb "\mk'bpw, C¥ybpsS F°mesØbpw A`nam\w

Bb

ÿncoIcn®tXmsS Øo¿∂p.

I.S.R.O.

N{µbm≥

bpw ZuXyw

N{µ\nse XnI®pw

Pekm∂n≤yw km¿∞Iambn


2

`qanbnse PeNcnXw `utam]cnXeØns‚ 70.9% sh≈Øm¬ Np‰s∏´ncn°p∂p F∂v hcnInepw 680 tImSnbn¬ FØn\n¬°p∂ `qtemI P\kwJybpsS 16.18% P\߃ IpSnsh≈w In´msX \cIn°p∂p.

\S∏v

P\kwJybv°v

`qtemIP\X°mWv ^eambn D-

Xpeyamb

Cu

110

Zp¿§Xn.

`mcXØns‚

tImSntbmfw

hcp∂

Pem`mhØns‚

]cnWnX

mIp∂ tcmK߃ ]nSns]´v Cu `qanbn¬ {]XnZn\w

3900 Ip´nIƒ ZpcnXs∏´v acn°p∂p.

`mcXØn¬ ]{¥-

ptImSn

F¨]Xpe£w t]¿ IpSnsh≈w In´msX ZpcnXa\p`hn°p∂p`qtemIsØ

31cmPy߃

AXncq£ambpw,

`mKnIambpw

IpSnsh≈£maw

°ºn\nIƒ

{]Xnh¿jw

17

A\p`hn°ptºmƒ

F¨]Xn\mbncw

tImSn

v.

cmPy߃ _lpcmjv{S tUmfdns‚

IpSnsh≈°®hSw \SØp∂p F∂ Zpc¥ kXyw Ahtijn°p∂p. BtKmfXm]\hpw ImemhÿmhyXnbm\ßfpw Cßs\ XpS¿∂m¬ aq∂mw temIalmbp≤w "IpSnsh≈ Øn\pthF∂Xv XΩnepw,

\nkvX¿°amb cmPyØv

hkvXpX

bmWv.

kwÿm\߃

n'bp≈Xmbncn°pw `qanbn¬

XΩnepw

cmPy߃

PeØ¿°ßƒ

\nehnencn°p∂ kmlNcyØnemWv "N{µ\n¬ Pekm∂n≤yw' DF∂ "ip`hm¿Ø' {]k‡amIp∂Xv.

aebmfØns‚ {]nb Ihn

"ssIX{]w ZmtamZc≥ \ºqXncn' Cßs\ FgpXn.

“Xn¶fn≥ Ipfncnfw s\©n\p≈n¬

kvt\lPe_nµpI-

psht∂m!

XqshÆnemhn¬ Rm≥ IWnIkXyambv amdp∂psht∂m!

v

sX√mw


3

IhnXbpsS kXyw Pbn°p∂psht∂m! kz]v\w hk¥ambv amdp∂psht∂m! ” JtKmf߃ Hmtcm∂pw ASpØdn™v Ahbn¬ Pekm∂n≤yw D≈hsb {]tXyIw \nco£n®dn™v AhnSßfn se√mw Pohs‚ km≤yXIƒ

Bcm™v

BImitKmfßfn¬

Dd∏phcpØn,

Ime{IaØn¬

km≤yamIp∂nSsØ√mw

CSØmhf߃

]WnbpI F∂XmWv a\pjys‚ _lncmImi ]cythjWßfpsS BXy¥nIamb e£yw.

“A∂mXv `h¥n`qXm\n ]¿÷\ymZ∂kw`h: ”

F∂n{]Imcw - {ioaZv`KhXvKoXbn¬ I¿ΩtbmKw F∂ 3-mw A≤ymbØn¬ 14-mw ivtfmIØns‚ ]q¿∆m¿≤w sImImcW`qXamb A∂w PeØn¬ DZzm]cbpKØnse

IrjvW≥

B[p\nIimkv{XbpKØnse

v - “Poh\v

mIp∂p” - F∂ imkv{XXzw

A¿÷p\t\mSv A`n\h

]d™ph®Xv-

]m¿∞∑m¿°v,

-

Pew

At\zjn°p∂SsØ√mw Pohs‚ km≤yXIƒ IqSn At\zjn°m≥ kphy‡amb t{]cW \¬Ip∂p.

imkv{XtemIw C∂v ssIhcn®ncn°p∂ bm{¥nIkuIcy߃ H∂pw

C√mXncp∂

kmlNcyßfn¬

t]mb

kl{km–ßfnse

Pohn®ncp∂

kXymt\zjnIƒ

A]cnjvIrX XßfpsS

]q¿∆nIcmb al¿jnamcpsS ]mXIsf hnizmk]q¿∆w ]n¥pS¿∂v \`›cßsf imkv{Xobambn \nco£n®v Is-

Øn \n¿`bw hnfn®p


4

]d™

H´\h[n

imkv{Xclkyßfnsem∂mWv

"N{µ_nw_w

PeabamWv" F∂ hkvXpX.

hcmlanlnc≥ hn{IamZnXykZ nse hnJymX "\hcXv\w' hcmlanlnc≥ (A.D. 499 – 587) Bbncp∂p

`qansb

taev]d™ kXymt\zjnIfn¬ {]apJ≥.

{]]©tI{µambn

\nco£Wßfmbncp∂p

Iev]n®psIm-

p≈

hcmlanlnct‚Xv.

tPmXn»mkv{X ]©kn≤m¥nI,

kamk kwlnX, _rl’wlnX, kzev] PmXIw, tlmcmimkv{Xw (_rl÷mXIw),

tbmKbm{Xm,

apXembh

At±lØns‚

"N{µ\nse

PeabXzw'î

_rl’wlnXbnsebpw,

almbm{X,

{][m\

hnhml

IrXnIfmWv.

km[qIcn°m≥

Cu

]Sew F∂m¬

teJ\Øn¬

_rl÷mXIØnsebpw

(tlmcm

imkv{Xw) \nbaßsfbmWv B{ibn®n´p≈Xv.

Bcy`S≥ (P\\w - AD 476) Xs‚ 23-mw hb n¬ hncNnXamb ë "Bcy`Sobw'í °rXnsIm-

p Xs∂ hnizhnJymX\mWv Bcy`S≥.

F∂ H‰ ë N{µ\nse

PeabXzw km[qIcn°m≥ Cu teJ\Øn¬ Bcy`SobØnse Nne \nbaßsf B{ibn®n´p-

v. Bcy`Ss‚ tPymXn»mkv{X \nco£W

߃ `qansb {]]©tI{µambn Iev]n®p sIm-

hcmlanlncs‚

tlmcmimkv{XØn¬

p≈Xm bncp∂n√.

(_rl÷mXIw)

"hn{Iabp‡w ]rYzo\mYw' (11/09) F∂ {]tbmKw D≈Xn\m¬ "JymtXm hcml anlnc: F∂ hntijWw D≈ hn{IamZnXy


5

kZ nse

"\hcXv\'ßfn¬

BZnXyZmks‚

"JymX≥'

]p{X\mbn

kz]nXmhn¬

\n∂pw

hc_ehpw

t\SnbXmbn

a‰mcpas√∂pd∏n°mw.

Ah¥ntZiØv

Adnhpw,

BZnXy

P\n®

`Khm\n¬

{KŸmhkm\Øn¬

Xm≥ \n∂pw

]dbp∂p-

v.

A{]Imcsa√mancn°p∂ _rl÷mXIØn\v kwkvIrX `mjbn¬ Øs∂

Ccp]Xn¬

thsdbpw D-

v.

A[nIhpw,

H´\h[n

`mjmhymJym\߃

^e{]hN\ cwKØv C°meØv sPuXnjnIƒ

Ahew_n°p∂Xv

_rl÷mXIhpw,

AXns‚

"Zim≤ymbn'

apXemb B[nImcnI hymJym\ßfpw BWv.

Bcy`Sobw, _rl’wlnX, _rl÷mXIw F∂o {KŸßsf Bkv]Zam°n

N{µs‚

PeabXzw

kw_‘n®

Bcy`Ss‚bpw,

hcmlanlncs‚bpw \nco£W߃ \ap°v ]cntim[n°mw. BZyw _rl’wlnXbnse H∂masØbpw, c-

"N{µNmcw"

F∂

\memw

A≤ymbØnse

matØbpw t«mI߃ ]cntim[n°mw.

“\nXya[ÿkwtkytµm¿ `mZn¿ `mt-\m nXw `hXy¿≤w

kzOmbbm\yZknXw Ipw`tkyhmX]ÿky” (04/01) kmcw: shbneØv h® IpSØns‚ kqcym`napJamb `mKw {]Imin®pw

adp`mKw

IpSØns‚

Xs∂

adhn\m¬

Ccp-

pw

ImWs∏Sp∂Xv t]mse kqcys‚ At[m`mKØv ÿnX\mb N{µs‚ tKmfm¿≤`mKw kqcycivan X´p∂Xn\m¬ {]Imin®pw adp`mKw kz¥w \ngen\m¬Øs∂ Ccp-

pw ImWs∏Sp∂p.


6

c-

masØ t«mIw ]cntim[n°p∂Xn\v sXm´p ap≥]v {]Ya

t«mIØns‚

BibsØ

IW°nseSpØv

hcmlanlncs\

Bcy`S≥ F{]Imcw km[qIcn°p∂p F∂v t\m°mw.

“`q{Kl`m\mw tKmfm¿≤m\n kz—mbbmhnh¿Æm\n

A¿≤m\nbYmkmcw kqcym`napJm\nZo]yt¥” (04/05) Bcy`SobØn¬

tKmf]mZw

F∂

\memw

A≤ymbØnse

A©masØ t«mIamWnXv. `qan, {Kl߃, D]{Kl߃ XpSßnb \`›cßfpsS tKmfm¿≤`mK߃ AXmXpIfpsS Xs∂ adhn\m¬ hnh¿Æw Bbncns° kqcym`napJambn hcp∂Xn\\pkcn®v Ah {]IminXambns°m-

ncn°p∂p F∂XmWv t«mIkmcw.

C\n hcmlanlncs‚ "_rl’wlnX'bnse N{µNmcw F∂ \memw A≤ymbØnse c-

mw t«mIw t\m°mw.

“keneatbiin\ncth¿Zo[nXtbm aq¿—nXmkvXtamss\iw

£]bXn Z¿∏tWmZc\nlXm Ch aµnckym¥x” (04/02) kmcw IÆmSnbn¬°qSn {]Xn^en®v apdnbn¬ FØp∂ shfn®w apdnbv°p≈nse

Ccp´ns\

AI‰p∂Xv

t]mse

Peabamb

N{µ_nw_Øn¬ ]Xn°p∂ kqcycivanIƒ `qanbn¬ {]Xn^en®v cm{XnbpsS A‘ImcsØ AI‰p∂p.

hcmlanlncmNmcy≥

Xs‚

"tlmcmimkv{Xw'

AYhm

_rl÷mXIw' F∂ {KŸØn¬ DS\ofw N{µs\ Pehpambn


7

_‘s∏SpØn

F{]Imcw

AhXcn∏n®ncn°p∂p {]m[m\yw

F∂v

]cnKWn®v

Xs‚

\ap°v

]cntim[n°mw.

NnebnSØv

hmb\°m¿°v

e£yØn¬

NnebnSØv

{]IrX{KŸØnse sImSpØn´pap-

A≤ymb

a‰p

v. F∂m¬ Cu teJ\w

hnckhpw hnh£nXamb

\{ºpw,

hnjb

]q¿Æt«mIßfpw,

NnebnSØv A¿≤t«mIßfpw tN¿Øn´pAXnÿqehpw,

\nco£Wßsf

BIcpXv

F∂

kqN\Iƒ°v

t«mI\{ºpw

{_m°‰n¬

v. hmb\°mcnse KthjW IpXpInIƒ°v {]IrX

{KŸw ]cntim[n®v ChnsS FgpXs∏´ hkvXpXIfpsS bmYm¿∞yw t_m≤ys∏Sp∂Xn\pw Cu kwhn[m\w D]Icn°pw.

Peab\mb N{µs‚ tKmfm¿≤`mKØv kqcym`napJyw hcptºmƒ kqcycivanbpsS {]Xn^e\w tlXphmbn N{µs‚ kzXthbp≈ {]Imi

iq\yX

\oßn

N{µ_nw_Øns‚

aq¿ØnaZv`mhw

ZriyamIp∂p - F∂ kmcw Dƒs°m≈p∂ “bxii`rXxaq¿ØntXz ]cnIev]nXx

-

(01/01)

hcmlanlncmNmcy≥

-

Xs‚

F∂

{]Jym]\tØm

tlmcmimkv{Xw

sSbmWv

(_rl÷mXIw)

{]mcw`n°p∂XpXs∂.

“X\phrØX\p¿∫lphmX I^x {]m⁄›iioarZphmIv ip`ZrIv” (02/08)

Krltbm\nt`Z

{]IcWw

F∂

A„at«mIØns‚ ]q¿∆m¿≤w sIm-

c-

mw

A≤ymbØnse

v C\nbpw Ht´sd IYIƒ

X∂n¬ kq£n°p∂ {XnIme⁄m\n ({]m⁄)bmWv N{µ≥ F∂v hcmlanlnc≥ hy‡am°p∂p.


8

Xpln\Kp [(02/01), 02/15), (05/15)], ioXKp [(02/01), (05/19), (09/01), (18/05), (21/13), (23/03)], ioXcivan [(02/02), (06/12), (22/19)], ioXIc≥ [(02/17), (05/10), (13/03), (16/22), (21/14), (24/06)] ioXabqJ≥ (02/18),

Xpln\IncW≥ (03/07), A\pjvWZo[nXn (04/01), lnamwip [(04/03), (13/03), (23/05)], ioXIncW≥ [(04/13), (23/08)], lnaKp [(05/25), (06/05),

lnaZo[nXn

(08/11), (09/04), (09/05), (23/03), (23/10)],

(06/01),

Xpln\mwip (06/09), ioXmwip [(06/10), (13/03), (22/15)], Xpln\civan (16/17), inincIc≥

(17/33), lnaIc≥

_rl÷mXIØn¬

hcmlanlnc≥

F∂nhbpambn

(23/02) F∂o

a™v,

t]cpIfn¬

XWp∏v,

Pew

_‘s∏SpØnbmWv

]cnNbs∏SpØXpXs∂.

N{µs\

Xs‚ {KŸØn¬ {]Xn]mZnXßfmb

kIe kw⁄Ifpw (\macq]߃ F√mw) AXmXpIfpsS t]cn\v Xpeyamb X\Xv KpWßsf√mw {]Zm\w sNøpsa∂v "kz\makZrimx (01/05) F∂ {]tbmKØm¬ hcmlanlnc≥ kphy‡am°p∂p-

"kzev]w

hrØ

]d™ncn°pIbm¬,

hnNn{Xa¿∞

_lpew'

almkap{ZsØ

(01/02)

sNdnb

-

v.

F∂v

IpSØn¬

HXp°p∂Xpt]mse ]q¿∆mNmcy∑mcpsS H´t\Iw taZpc{KŸßsf AXy¥w kmckwt£]w sNbvXv 383 (_lpew) t«mIßfn¬ hncNn°s∏´Xmbpw kv]„amIp∂p.

F∂m¬ ta¬{]Imcw D≈

Hcp {KŸØn¬ "N{µ:(N{µ≥)' F∂ ]Zw 40 {]mhiyhpw, iin AYhm iin\n (45), Cµp (41), iim¶: AYhm iim¶≥ (10), iim¶mXv (5), N{µmXv (5), DUp]:AYhm DUp]≥ (4), ii`rØv (1), N{µam: (1), £]m\mY: AYhm £]m\mY≥ (1), N{µmwiw (1), \nim\mY: AYhm \nim\mY≥ (1), Dtji: AYhm Dtji≥ (1), £]mIc: AYhm £]mIc≥ (1), Nm{µow (1), \nim]Xn (1) F∂o


9

hm°pIfpw, N{µs‚ kzt£{Xamb I¿°nSIw cminsb Dt±in®v – ‘Ipfoc:' AYhm Ipfocw (6), ‘I¿°S:' AYhm I¿°Sw (4), I¿°n (4), Nm{µw (3), ‘I¿°SI:' AYhm I¿°SIw (2), iinKrlw (2),

N{µ`h\w (1), iin`h\w (1), Cµpt£{Xw (1), Nm{µ`w (1), iin`w (1),

Cµp`w

(1)

F∂o

hm°pIƒ

AXmXns‚

{_m°‰n¬

sImSpØncn°p∂{Xbpw {]mhiyhpw {]tbmKn®ncn °p∂p. ⁄≥, hnXv, _p[≥ F∂o hm°pIƒ HgnsI _p[s\ kqNn∏n°m≥ kuay≥, iinP≥, iinX\b≥, iinkpX≥, sFµh≥, CµpP≥, iim¶P≥

F∂o

i–kmZriyw

hm°pIƒ

sIm-

v

_‘s∏SpØnbpamWv "cminioe{]IcWw'

N{µ\pambn

"tlamhv'

F∂

{]tbmKn®n´p≈Xv F∂

16-mw

_‘s∏SpØnbpw, ]Zw

a™nt\mSv

F∂p

ImWmw.

A≤ymbØn¬

tajmZn

ao\]cy¥ap≈ cminIfnse N{µs‚ ÿnXn^ew hnhcn°m≥ 12 t«mI߃ (16/1-12) D]tbmKn®t∏mƒ kqcymZn i\n ]cy¥ap≈ Nt{µXc{Kl߃ Bdn\pw IqSn CtX ^ew hnhcn°m≥ BNmcy\v BsI

19

t«mI߃

(16/14-32)

am{Xta

th-

n

h∂p≈q.

cmint`Z{]IcWw apX¬ t{Z°mW kzcq] {]IcWw hscbp≈ _rl÷mXIØnse 25 A≤ymbßfn¬ N{µs\ {]Xn]mZn°mØ Hc≤ymbw Ist«mI߃ {]IcWw'

ØpI {iaIcamWv. "Nm{µtbmK {]IcWw' F∂ 9 Dƒs°m≈p∂

F∂

9

]Xnaq∂mw

t«mI߃

A≤ymbhpw,

Dƒs°m≈p∂

A≤ymbhpw hcmlanlnc≥ N{µ\v th-

"Zr„n

]Xnt\gmw

n {]tXyIw \o°nh®p.

\h{Klßfn¬ Imemflmhpw, AactPymXn pIfpsS `¿Ømhpw, kucbqYØns‚ tI{µhpamb kqcy≥ Dƒs∏sS as‰mcp {KlØn\p th-

nbpw Hc≤ymbw t]mepw BNmcy≥ \o°nh®n´n√. Zim]lmc

{]IcWw F∂ F´ma≤ymbØn¬ 10-mw t«mIØns‚ DØcm¿≤w.


10

“ant{Xmt®m]Nb {XntImWaZt\ ]mtIizckyÿnX-

›{µxkXv^et_m[\m\nIpcptX ]m]m\nNmƒtXmƒ\yYm” F∂ \nba{]Imcw GsXmcp Zibpw {]mcw`n°ptºmƒ Zim\mYs‚ _‘pt£{XØntem, D®cminbntem 3, 6, 10, 11, 5, 9, 7 `mhßfntem N{µ≥ \n∂m¬ ip`^e߃ A\p`hn°pw.

CXcÿm\ßfn¬

Zimcw`Øn¬ \n¬°p∂ N{µ≥ Aip`^eßtfbpw \¬Ip∂p. Npcp°Øn¬ tami^ew kqNn∏n°p∂ Hcp ZibpsS {]mcw`Øn¬ N{µ≥ C„ÿs\¶n¬ ip`^eßfpw, kXv^ew kqNn∏n°p∂ Hcp ZibpsS {]mcw`Øn¬ N{µ≥ A\n„ÿs\¶n¬ tami^ehpw A\p`hn°pw. F´ma≤ymbØnse 11-mw t«mIØns‚ BZy]mZw: “{]mcœm

{]Imcw

lnaKukzKrltKam\m¿∞kuJymhlm”N{µ≥

I¿°nSØn¬

\n¬°ptºmƒ

F∂Xv

{]mcw`n°p∂

GsXmcp Zibpw A`nam\w, [\w, kpJw F∂nh {]Zm\w sNøp∂p.

“inincIc kamKta£W\mw kZri^ew {]hZ¥neKv\PmXw”

F∂ cminioe {]IcWØnse (16/33) Ahkm\ t«mIØns‚ ]q¿∆m¿≤w kqNn∏n°p∂ \nba{]Imcw tajmZnao\]cy¥ap≈ ]{¥-

v cminIfn¬ N{µ\v ]dbs∏´ncn°p∂ ÿnXn ^eßfpw

ta¬{]Imcap≈

N{µ\v

bmsX√mamtWm

AsX√mw

eKv\ambn

hcptºmgpw,

CXc{KlßfpsS tajmZn

ao\]cy¥ap≈

tajmZneKv\ßfnte°v

hcptºmgpw AtX{]Imcw ^en°pw. F∂p≈XpsIm-

v

Zr„n^eßfpw

eKv\sØ

"tlmcm'

cminIƒ {KlZr„n

"tlmtcXneKv\w' (01/09) F∂v

hyhlcn°mw.


11

eKv\Øn\v

Xpey\mWv

eKv\imkv{Xamb t]cn´v

N{µ≥

tlmcm

hnfn®m¬

t_m≤ys∏´

imkv{XØn\v

sX‰n√.

Iev]n®ncn°bm¬

F∂v

ÿnXn°v

"Nm{µimkv{Xw'

eKv\Øn\pw

N{µ\pw

"Nm{µimkv{X'amWv

F∂v At`Zw

tlmcmimkv{Xw

(_rl÷mXIw) F∂v kn≤n°p∂p.

]cmicmZnIfmb k¶o¿Æßfpw,

]q¿∆mNmcy∑mcpsS alØpw,

H´\h[n

_rlØpamb

i–\ymb

{KŸkaqlßsf

AXy¥w ]Wns∏´v kmckwt£]w sNbvXv hncNn°s∏´Xmbn _rl÷mXIw AYhm tlmcmimkv{Xw F∂ {]IrX {KŸØn¬ {KŸI¿Ømhmb hcmlanlncmNmcy≥ Xs∂ hfsc {]Xn⁄m _≤XtbmsS (01/02) {]kvXmhn® kmlNcyØn¬ AtX {KŸØn¬ N{µs\ {]Xn]mZn°m≥ th-

n am{Xw ta¬ kqNn∏n®Xp {]Imcw

C{Xb[nIw hm°pIfpw, hmIyßfpw, t«mIßfpw, {]tXyIw cA≤ymb߃ N{µ\p≈

Xs∂bpw

AXy[nIamb

\o°nh®Xn¬ {]m[m\yw

\n∂pw

v

\`›cßfn¬

hy‡amIp∂p.

N{µs\

]cnNbs∏SpØm≥ hcmlanlncmNmcy¿ D]tbmKn® hm°pIfn¬ A[nIhpw

a™v,

XWp∏v,

_‘s∏´hbmsW∂v

kmam\y

km[mcW°m¿°v

t]mepw

Pew

`mjm

⁄m\w

_rl÷mXIw

F∂nhbpambn am{Xw

D≈

hmbn®m¬

t_m≤ys∏Spw.

Aw_p AYhm Pew [(02/05), (08/21)], Peÿm\w (02/12) Ch N{µs\s°m-

v \n¿Æbn°p∂p. Pehml\ßfnse P\\w (05/08),

PeØn¬ {]khw (05/09), kap{ZXocw XpSßn, ehWmwiw D≈nSØv P\\w (05/11) F∂nh N{µs\s°m-

v \n¿Æbn°p∂p.

{Zh


12

C‘\߃,

kvt\l{Zhy߃

FÆ°pcp°ƒ

{]Zm\w

(05/18),

sNøp∂

]m¬hr£ßƒ,

hr£mZnIƒ

(03/07),

Pehr£ßƒ (03/06), Pe]£nIƒ (03/05), PeP¥p°ƒ (05/25), k]vX[mXp°fn¬ c‡w (02/11), EXp°fn¬ "h¿j' EXp (02/12), apØv apXemb kapt{Zmev]∂߃, D∏pckw (02/14), Pehpambn _‘s∏´v D]Poh\w (10/02), ap´, ]mepev]∂߃, \oscSp°mhp∂ Icnºv

apXembh,

I™n

apXemb

{Zhmlmcm߃,

tZlw

hnb¿Ø° hymbmamZn ]cn{ia߃, Nµ\w, ]\n\ocv apXemb kpK‘{Zhy߃

(08/13),

F∂n{]Imcw

N{µs\

Pehpambn

_‘s∏SpØn hcmlanlnc≥ _rl÷mXIØn¬ ]cma¿in®ncn °p∂p.

N{µs‚ PeabXzw _rl’wlnXbn¬ hcmlanlncmNmcys‚ _rl’wlnXbnse "{Klh¿j e£Ww' F∂ ]sØmºXma≤ymbØn¬ 4 apX¬ 6 hsc t«mIßsfs°m-

v

-

N{µ≥

3

h¿jamkmZnIfpsS

\mY\mbn

hcptºmƒ [mcmfw ag s]øpw F∂ hkvXpX {]Xn]mZn®ncn°p∂p. {]IrX{KŸØnse A≤ymbØnse

"ktZymhr„ne£Ww' GXm\pw

Nne

F∂

t«mI߃

]cntim[n°mw. “h¿j{]ivt\ kene\nebw cmin am{inXy Nt{µm

eKv\w bmtXm`hXn bZn hm tI{µ Kivip¢]t£ kyssay¿ Zr„x{]NpcapZIw ]m]Zrt„mev]aw`x {]mhrƒ°mte krPXn \Nncm®{µhXv`m¿§thm]n” [_r.kw. 28/01]

Ccp]sØ´mw IqSn

\ap°v


13

kmcw: N{µ≥ Pecmin eKv\Øntem knX]£sa¶n¬ tI{µØntem \n¬s° h¿jsØ∏‰n tNmZyw h∂m¬ ag s]øpw F∂p Xs∂ ]dbWw. N{µ\v ip`Zr„nsb¶n¬ AXni‡nbmbpw, ]m]Zr„nsb ¶n¬ Zp¿∫eambpw ag s]øpw. N{µs‚ ÿm\Øv ip{I\mbmepw ^ew hn`n∂a√.

as‰mcp \nbaw t\m°pI. “ipIIt]mXhntemN\ k∂nt`m

a[p\n`›bZm lnaZo[nXnx {]XniioNbZm \ninZriytX ]XXn hmcn XZm \Nncm±nhx” [_r.kw. 28/11]

kmcw: cm{Xnbn¬ N{µ≥ InfnbptStbm, amS{]mhnt‚tbm IÆpIƒ t]mep≈ \ndtØmSp IqSntbm, tX\ns‚ \ndØntem ImWs∏´mepw, {]XnN{µs\ I-

mepw DSs\ ag s]øpw F∂v Xo¿®s∏SpØmw.

ta¬ {]Imcw N{µs\ Pehpambn _‘s∏SpØn hcmlanlnc≥ BhnjvIcn®ncn°p∂ as‰mcp \nbaw IqSn ]cntim[n°mw.

{]mhrjn ioXItcm `rKp]p{Xm≥ k]vX acmin KXiivip`Zr„x kqcykpXmXv\h]©atKmhm k]vXaK›PemKa\mb [_r.kw. 28/19]


14

kmcw: h¿j Ime N{µ≥ ip{Is‚ Ggntem i\nbpsS 5, 7, 9 F∂o `mhßfn¬ H∂ntem ip`Zr„ntbmsS \n∂m¬ A∂v ag s]øpw F∂v Adn™psIm≈Ww.

Bcy`SobØnse cteJ\w

p t«mI߃ IqSn hniZoIcn®psIm-

kam]n∏n®psIm≈mw.

Bcy`Ss‚

Is-

v Cu

ØepIƒ

tPymXn»mkv{XcwKØv Hcp hgnØncnhmbn F∂v ]dbmsX hø.

“A\ptemaKXn¿\uÿ: ]iyXyNew hntemaKw b≤Xv

ANem\n`m\n X≤Xv ka]›naKm\ne¶mbmw” Bcy`Sobw "tKmf]mZw' F∂ 4-mw A≤ymbØnse 9-masØ t«mIamWnXv.

kmcw:

Hcp h©nbn¬ aptºm´v Xpg™p t]mIp∂ hy‡n°v

Icbnse \n›eßfmb hkvXp°ƒ ]pdtIm´p t]mIp∂Xmbn tXm∂p∂Xpt]mse `qanbn¬ {]tXyI ÿm\Øp \n∂p sIm-

v

(e¶) BImiw ho£n°ptºmƒ {]]© tPymXn pIƒ ]Sn™mdv Znibnte°v

t]mIp∂Xmbn

tXm∂pw.

tPymXn

cq]߃

]Sn™mtdm´p t]mIp∂Xv `qansb Ah {]Z£nWw hbv°p∂Xp sIm-

v A√, and®v `qan ]q¿∆m`napJambn Xncnbp∂XpsIm-

v

tPymXn¿tKmf߃ ]Sn™mtdm´v t]mIp∂Xmbn tXm∂p∂XmWv. Keoentbmbv°pw, tIm∏¿ \n° n\pw Bbncw h¿jw ap≥]v Xs∂ Bcy`S≥

ta¬∏d™

hkvXpX

\n¿Æbn®p

Ft∂m¿°pI.

"N{µs‚ PeabXzw' kw_‘n® Bcy`Ss‚ \nco£Ww IqSn \ap°v ]cntim[n°mw.


15

“Nt{µmPe a¿t°mKv\narZv`q Ombm]n bmXakvXZvhn-

OmZbXn iinkqcyw iin\w N alXoN`qOmbm”. Bcy`Sobw "tKmf]mZw'F∂ 4-matØXpw AhkmtØXpamb A≤ymbØnse 37-masØ t«mIamWnXv.

kmcw: N{µ≥ Peabhpw kqcy≥ AKv\nabhpw, `qan ]rYznabhpw BIp∂p. \ng¬

\ng¬ F∂Xv Ccp´v BIp∂p. N{µt\bpw,

bp‡Imeßfn¬ kqcy\pw

N{µ≥

{KlWØn\v

CSbnembn

N{µ≥

`qanbpsS alØmb

kqcyt\bpw

adbv°p∂Xv

ImcWamIp∂p. hcptºmƒ

[`qan°pw

N{µ≥

kqcys\

adbv°p∂Xv kqcy{KlWhpw, kqcy\pw N{µ\pw CSbnembn `qan hcptºmƒ `qan N{µs\ adbv°p∂Xv N{µ{KlWhpamIp∂p].}

N{µ≥

Peab\msW∂

ImcyØn¬

Bcy`S≥

hcmlanlnct\mSv ]p¿Æambpw tbmPn®ncn°p∂Xv t\m°q.

Cu

teJ\Øn¬

hnjbØn¬

\n∂p

hn´v

Fs¥¶nepw

]d™n´p≈Xmbn tXm∂p∂psh¶n¬ kZbw £an°pI. hymk≥, hknjvT≥, A{Xn, ]cmic≥, Imiy]≥, \mcZ≥, K¿§≥, acoNn, a\p, AwKnc v temai≥, ]ueni≥, Nyh\≥, bh\≥, `rKp, iu\I≥, {_“mhv, BZnXy≥, ]pekvXy≥, amfihy≥, hmatZh≥, kXymNmcy≥, hnjvWpKp]vX≥, ab≥, aWnŸ≥, IrjvWmNmcy¿, `mkvIcmNmcy¿ I & II, kwKa{Kma am[h≥, XpSßn tPymXn»mkv{X cwKsØ Ht´sd ]q¿∆mNmcy∑mcpw, Ahcm¬ hncNnXamb Ht´sd


16

{]amW{KŸßfpw, H´t\Iw

^e{]hN\{KŸßfpw,

hymJym\ßfpw

tPymXn»mkv{XtaJe. F√m

{KŸßfnepw

]dbmXncn°m≥

hgn

sIm-

v

Ah

Hmtcm∂n\pw

kº∂amWv

`mcXob

ta¬ kqNn∏n® F√m BNmcy∑mcptSbpw N{µs‚

PeabXzw

ImWp∂n√.

]e

F∂p

{]ImtcW

IcpXn

ta¬

{KŸßsf√mw XeapSn \mcng Iodn hymJym\n®v hniZoIcn°m≥ ]finX∑m¿°v am{Xta Ignbq F∂Xn\m¬ BbXn\v Xp\n™v A_≤Iq]Øn¬ F∂m¬

\n]Xn°m≥

N{µafiew

Xosc

PeabamsW∂

D’mlw

tXm∂p∂n√.

B[p\nI

imkv{X

temIØns‚ hmZw H´pw ]pXpabp≈Xs√∂v- Ht´sd BNmcy∑mcpw, Ht´sd {KŸßfpw D≈Xn¬ tIhew c-

v BNmcy∑mcpsS - aq∂p

{KŸßfnse GXm\pw Nne \nba߃ sIm-

v Xs∂ am\y

hmb\°m¿°v CXn\Iw hy‡ambn F∂v hcnIn¬ Cubp≈h≥ IrXm¿∞\mbn.

F. F≥. {]Zo]v \ºqXncn AØna‰Øv (awKe v ) a\ amΩet»cn ]n. H. cmaawKew hgn FdWmIpfw Pn√, ]n≥ - 686663 Mobile Number

- 9446897909,

Res. Number

- 0485 2277990


17

A\p_‘w _rl÷mXØn¬

N{µ≥,

N{µt£{Xamb

I¿°nSIw

cmin

F∂nh kqNn∏n°m≥ hcmlanlnc≥ D]tbmKn® Nne hm°pIƒ teJ\Øn¬ A≤ymb\{ºpw t«mI\{ºpw klnXw {_m°‰n¬ kqNn∏n°mØh Xmsg kqNn∏n°p∂p.

Hcp t«mIØn¬Øs∂

Htc hm°v H∂ne\nIw h∂n´p≈h {_m°‰n\v apIfn¬ A°an´v kqNn∏n®n´pap-

heXpheØv

v. N{µ: (N{µ≥) apX¬ \nim]Xn

hsc N{µt\bpw, Ipfoc:(Ipfocw) apX¬ Cµp`w hsc I¿°nSIw cminsbbpw bYm{Iaw Xmsg kqNn∏n®ncn°p∂p. N{µ: (N{µ≥):-

[(01/06), (01/11), (02/11), (03/01), (04/13), (04/16),

(04/20), (05/08), (05/14), (05/22), (05/23), (06/08), (06/09), (06/10), (06/13), (08/09), (08/10), (11/03)2, (11/05), (11/09), (11/15), (13/01), (15/03), (16/03), (16/04), (16/13), (17/01), (17/08), (19/06), (21/06), (21/07)3, (21/09), (21/10), (23/04), (23/06), (23/10), (24/03)]

iin: (iin\n) :- [(02/06), (02/07), (02/08), (02/19), (04/08), (04/11), (04/13), (04/18)2, (04/22), (05/06), (05/08), (05/09), (05/17), (06/01), (06/04), (06/06), (06/07), (06/08), (07/13 ), (09/02), (11/02), (11/04), (11/05), (11/07), (11/17), (11/18)2, (13/01), (14/02), (15/04), (16/13), (17/04)2, (17/06), (20/06), (21/03), (21/04), (21/05), (21/08), (22/02), (22/06), (23/02), (23/03), (23/14)]

Cµp:- [(02/04), (02/05), (02/14), (03/05), (03/06), (04/01), (04/03), (04/04), (04/05), (04/07), (04/10), (04/13 ), (04/17), (04/21), (05/01), (05/06), (05/11), (05/12), (05/16), (08/13), (10/01)2, (11/06), (11/07), (11/08), (11/14), (13/02), (14/01), (17/08), (21/05), (21/06), (21/08), (22/01), (22/10), (22/13)2, (22/14), (23/05), (23/07), (23/08)2]

iim¶: (iim¶≥):- [(04/10), (04/19), (04/21), (05/03), (05/06), (06/11), (08/01), (11/06), (11/17), (16/04)]

iim¶mXv:- [(05/18), (09/06) ,(13/09 ), (18/04) ,(24/05)]


18

N{µmXv:- [(05/17) ,(09/13), (09/07), (21/01), (24/06)] DUp]: (DUp]≥):- [(05/10) ,(13/08) ,(20/02) ,(21/12)] ii`rØv: (01/01), N{µam:- (02/02) £]m\mY: (£]m\mY≥):- (05/02) N{µmwiw:- (10/03) \nim\mY: (\nim\mY≥):- (11/11) Dtji: (Dtji≥):- (14/01) £]mIc: (£]mIc≥):- (15/01) Nm{µnw:- (19/04) \nim]Xn:- (21/17) Ipfoc:(Ipfocw):-[(01/13),(01/18), (05/20), (07/13), (11/10), (16/15)] I¿°S: (I¿°Sw):- [(20/02), (21/07) ,(25/10) ,(25/12)] I¿°n:- [(01/10) ,(16/31) ,(21/09)2] Nm{µw:- [(16/19), (16/26), (22/12)] I¿°SI: (I¿°SIw):- [(23/03) ,(25/11)] iinKrlw:- [(11/08), (18/01)] N{µ`h\w:- (01/06) iin`h\w:- (01/07) Cµpt£{Xw:- (11/04) Nm{µ`w:- (16/26) iin`w:- (16/29) Cµp`w:- (22/05)

Water in Moon - A New Finding ?  
Water in Moon - A New Finding ?  

This articles explains in detail, the new chandrayaan finding of water traces in moon is infact mentioned in old indian texts.

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