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TSENG, YIN-YING Kingston University London MA Design (Product + Space)


London on Tap Kingston University London MA Design(Product+Space) Tseng, Yin-Ying

OBSERVATION x RESEARCH

Drink on The Street Drink from the city, drink from the unpredictable environment is always an adventurous option when we inevitably feel thirsty on the street. London has numerous granite fountains gradually turning into heritages. Litters occupy basins, spits infect spouts, people become distrustful of the facilities. Some people turn to purchase bottled water. Based on history study and behavioral observation, this project tries to lead a contemporary answer to urban drinking water.


London on Tap Kingston University London MA Design(Product+Space) Tseng, Yin-Ying

The Inconvenient Truth Tap Water v.s. Bottled Water

1/1000,000 londoner/per fountain

5,000 bottles/per second 6,000 users/per year

Insufficient Infranstructure

Waste

Invisible Cost

Only 1 public drinking fountain for 1000,000 Lononders.

5000 disposable plastic bottle water are thrown away every second in the world.

Transporting bottled water in Britain is estimated to produce 33,200 tons of carbon dioxide emission, which is equivalent to the annual energy of 6,000 users.

Data Resource: BBC-Bottled Water(DVD)/ FindAFountain Association


London on Tap Kingston University London MA Design(Product+Space) Tseng, Yin-Ying

Insufficient Facilities Zone one, the hectic central London, doesn’t equip with sufficient drinking facilities. Though there are numerous public drinking fountains, part of them are not operational, while the rest are mostly located inside parks. Only a few can be reached on the street. Referring to the fact, the city obviously lacks of sound water facilities.


Indoor

Broken

FOUTAIN

MAP

Raw Data Resource: FindAFountain Association

Working

DRINKING

EXISTING

LONDON


London on Tap Kingston University London MA Design(Product+Space) Tseng, Yin-Ying

From Facilities to Heritage Established by Metropolitan Free Drinking Fountain Association, the first public drinking fountain was unveiled at the boundary wall of St. Sepulchre’s church, Snow Hill in 1859. Thousands of public drinking fountains have been built since then. However, because of lead piping and leaking, the public were gradually losing confidence towards public drinking resources.


London on Tap Kingston University London MA Design(Product+Space) Tseng, Yin-Ying

It is all about Trust Uncontrollable Public Behavior

We drink tap water in our house, but might become hesitate about street taps. The unpredictable public behaviors might be the main concern. Have you ever seen people drinking water with their mouth touching the fountain spout? Have you ever seen people feeding their pet from the same outlet you might like to drink? Have you even seen litters being piled up at drinking basins? Did those images keep you stay away from free tap water? The decisive factor that people opt for bottled or tap water is trust. And the issue of how to recover civic confidence in the public water is the main idea of this project.


water inlet PP ÎŚ15

London on Tap Kingston University London MA Design(Product+Space) Tseng, Yin-Ying

drinking fountain/ space

water seller/ service

pedestrian/ user

Sequential Water Network interconnection from facility to user

The service system describes the interconnection from public facilities, service providers, to end users. Water comes from public network to water spots, and then water sellers harvest water by connecting backpacks with exclusive valves. They walk into crowds and become the second authority of clean drinking water.


London on Tap Kingston University London MA Design(Product+Space) Tseng, Yin-Ying

[Location]

Water Points For better accessibility, water points are set close to transportation points. Major points are close to hectic train/ tube stations, while some points are settled in between to conduct a denser network.

20 mins

[Service]

20 mins

Mobile Water Seller Guarded by specialized water sellers, the system ensures accessibility of clean drinking water throughout London. Water boys fill water backpacks and serve water among water points. They guarantee hygienic water and are responsible for maintain the points. Any concern about drinking water could be promptly responded.

Recycle Plastic Bottle Besides reducing bottled water purchase, the proposal encourages people to recycle existing plastic bottles. The recycling points could also be physical reminders of the consequence of buying bottled water.


London on Tap Kingston University London MA Design(Product+Space) Tseng, Yin-Ying

Water Point

symbol of clean water

As a beacon, the water spot reminds people the idea of drinking from the city. The symbolic tap stands as a signature of clean water. With clear showcase, the fountain leaves no space for concealing dirt. The exclusive drinking point is only open to water sellers, who access to water from a special valve. They are responsible for maintaining and providing clean water to public.


water point represents the authority of clean water


the beacon of clean tap water on the street


London on Tap Kingston University London MA Design(Product+Space) Tseng, Yin-Ying


London on Tap Kingston University London MA Design(Product+Space) Tseng, Yin-Ying

Design Development Study Model

At the early stage, the water point has broad missions from serving water, recycling plastic bottle, renting container, to washing reusable container. However, miscellaneous solution doesn’t fit into crowded and busy street. Later on, the main purpose of the design turns to encourage users to refill containers. I realized the best way to combat with bottled water is to cultivate the tendency of drinking tap water. Therefore, the resource of water is highlight by showcase, and the trust is build via service provider.


London on Tap Kingston University London MA Design(Product+Space) Tseng, Yin-Ying

Water Boy

Fluid Service

As a fluid connection between facilities and users, water boys represent the authority of potable water. They walk among water points, refill water backpack, clean and check water quality, dispense water to the public. The presence of water boys demonstrates the constant attention of public drinking water.


London on Tap Kingston University London MA Design(Product+Space) Tseng, Yin-Ying

9 litre tap water

user

bag water point


London on Tap Kingston University London MA Design(Product+Space) Tseng, Yin-Ying


dispense water to pedestrain


the connection

exclusive valve


London on Tap Kingston University London MA Design(Product+Space) Tseng, Yin-Ying

Water Boy Instruction

1. Dispense Always keep the spout clean. Use funnel if the bottle opening is too small.

2. Refill Clean the bag before refilling


London on Tap Kingston University London MA Design(Product+Space) Tseng, Yin-Ying

3. Clean Clean the water point right after finishing refilling your bag.

4. Check Check the water quality regularly


London on Tap Kingston University London MA Design(Product+Space) Tseng, Yin-Ying

Design Reference:

Water boys in History In London Cultural history, there was an old occupation that transported water directly from Thames River to households with jars on the back of donkeys. The so called “water boy� became a phenomena when pipe system was not prosperous. This mobile service showed a human-oriented possibility of water on street. Inspired by the medieval history, I tried to reinterpret the old occupation in an modern light.


London on Tap Kingston University London MA Design(Product+Space) Tseng, Yin-Ying

Data Resource: Internet

water boys in different cultures


This project is inspired by the campaign “London on Tap� held by Thames Water and City of London. For the common purpose of encouraging drinking tap water, this project tries to define service as a new way to reduce the consumption of bottled water.


what do we really need?



London on Tap