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OLD KENT ROAD MOSQUE & ISLAMIC CULTURAL CENTRE - Muslim Association of Nigeria (UK)

A S - SA L A A M Issue No. 1

www.manuk.org

‫السالم‬ 15th July 2012 [25 Sha’baan 1 433 AH ]

Do Different Times of Moonrise Matter, and What Should Muslim Communities in the West Do Since the prophet said "Begin fasting after sighting the moon", how can Muslims be fasting one on Tuesday in one part of the world and Wednesday in another part. We should all begin our fast at the same time regardless of where we live. Praise be to Allah.

Special points of interest:

Firstly: the fact that the moon rises at different times in different places is a well-established fact; no scholar disputes this. However, the scholars differ as to whether this matters or not.

Secondly:

the question as to whether different times of moonrise is something that matters is a theoretical question in which ijtihaad is permissible. Those who have knowledge of science and religion differ on this matter, and this difference of opinion is permissible; the one who has the correct opinion will have two rewards, one for being right and one for making ijtihaad; the one whose opinion is wrong will still be rewarded for his ijtihaad. The scholars’ differences on this matter may be described as one of two: some of them thought that the differences in the times of the moon’s rising was of significance, and others thought that it was not. ....... they have studied the opinions of OLD KENT ROAD MOSQUE APPEAL the scholars on this matter. The Prophet (pbuh) said ‘’Whoever erect a They decided unanimously that astro- masjid (mosque) for the sole of gaining pleasures, Allah will erect for him nomical calculations do not count when Allah’s a mansion in in Jannat (Paradise)’’ it comes to confirming the new moon for Bukhari, Muslim shar'i purposes, because the Prophet During this blessed month of (peace and blessings of Allah be upon Ramadhan, we are seeking him) said: “Fast when you see it [the your help once again in making new moon] and stop fasting when you see it…” and also: “Do not fast until Old Kent Road Mosque & Isyou see it [the new moon] and do not lamic Cultural Centre appeal stop fasting until you see it…”, and be- for a bigger masjid a reality cause of the evidence that is derived by digging deep and DONATE from these Haadeeth. generously towards this project. Almighty Allah in His Infinite Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 10/109 mercies will bless and replenish Thirdly: the committee has looked at the issue of confirming the new moon by cal- Markaz (centre) for Arabic & Islamic stud- your pockets in many folds – culations and what was said on this mat- ies Tel: 02072319540 Fax-02073270009 ameen. www.markaz.manuk.org ter in the Qur'an and Sunnah, and....... Visit us www.manuk.org

Both

groups cite evidence from the Qur'an and Sunnah, and maybe even quote the same text, such as the ayah (interpretation of the meaning): “They ask you (O Muhammad) about the new moons. Say: these are signs to mark fixed periods of time for mankind and for the pilgrimage…” [al-Baqarah 2:189] and the Hadeeth, “Fast when you see it [the new moon] and stop fasting when you see it…” The difference is one of interpretation of the texts, as each group has its own methods of deriving evidence.


OLD KENT ROAD MOSQUE & ISLAMIC CULTURAL CENTRE - Muslim Association of Nigeria (UK) I N

2012 RAMADHAN PRAYER TIMETABLE [1433AH] ‘’Indeed prayers are enjoined on believers at a stated time’’ - Quran 4:103

Niyah [Intention] for Keeping the Fast W

Ramadan is the 9th month of the Muslim Calendar - In the blessed month of Ramadan, fasting is observed by Muslims all over the world with great reverence. It was in this month that the revelation of the Glorious Qur’an to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) began. The Glorious Qur’an is meant for the guidance of all human beings from the time of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) to the end of time. The beginning and end of Ramadhan is subject to visibility of the new moon (Hilal) DATE

FAJR

FAST JaBE- ma’a GINS h .

SUN RISE

DHUHR

Jama’ah

ASR

Jama’ah

MAGHRIB

Jama’ah

ISHA

Jama’ah

1 20 JULY

3.17

3.02

4.00

5:08

13:20

14:10

17:23

17:50

21:08

21:13

22:28

22:30

2

21

3.19

3.04

4.00

5:10

13:12

13:30

17:22

17:50

21:07

21:12

22:26

22:30

3 22

3.21

3.06

4.00

5:11

13:12

13:30

17:22

17:50

21:05

21:10

22:24

22:30

4

23

3.23

3.08

4.00

5:13

13:12

13:30

17:21

17:50

21:04

21:09

22:21

22:30

5

24

3.24

3.09

4.00

5:14

13:12

13:30

17:21

17:50

21:03

21:08

22:19

22:30

6

25

3.26

3.11

4.00

5:15

13:12

13:30

17:20

17:50

21:01

21:06

22:17

22:30

7

26

3.28

3.13

4.00

5:17

13:12

13:30

17:20

17:50

21:00

21:05

22:15

22:30

8

27

3.29

3.14

4.00

5:18

13:20

14:10

17:19

17:50

20:58

21:03

22:13

22.20

9

28

3.31

3.16

4.00

5:20

13:12

13:30

17:18

17:50

20:57

21:01

22:10

22:20

10 29

3:33

3.18 4.00

5:21

13:12

13:30

17:18

17:50

20:55

21:00

22:08

22:20

11 30

3:35

3.20

4.00

5:23

13:12

13:30

17:17

17:50

20:54

20:59

22:05

22:20

12 31

3:37

3.22

4.00

5:24

13:12

13:30

17:16

17:50

20:52

20:57

22:03

22:10

13 01 AUG

3:38

3.23

4.35

5:26

13:12

13:30

17:16

17:30

20:50

20:55

22:01

22:10

14 02

3:40

3.25

4:35

5:27

13:12

13:30

17:15

17:30

20:49

20:54

21:58

22:10

15 03

3:42

3.27

4:35

5:29

13:20

14:10

17:14

17:30

20:47

20:52

21:56

22:10

16 04

3:44

3.29

4:35

5:30

13:12

13:30

17:13

17:30

20:45

20:50

21:53

22:00

17 05

3:46

3.31

4:35

5:32

13:12

13:30

17:13

17:30

20:43

20:40

21:51

22:00

18 06

3:48

3.33

4:35

5:33

13:11

13:30

17:12

17:30

20:42

20:47

21:48

22:00

19 07

3:49

3.34

4:35

5:35

13:11

13:30

17:11

17:30

20:40

20:45

21:46

22:00

20 08

3:51

3.36

4:35

5:36

13:11

13:30

17:10

17:20

20:38

20:43

21:45

22:00

21 09

3:53

3.38

4:35

5:38

13:11

13:30

17:09

17:20

20:36

20:41

21:43

21:50

22 10

3:55

3.40

4:40

5:40

13:20

14:10

17:08

17:20

20:34

20:39

21:42

21:50

23 11

3:57

3.42

4:40

5:41

13:10

13:30

17:07

17:20

20:32

20:37

21:40

21:50

24 12

3:59

3.44

4:40

5:43

13:10

13:30

17:06

17:20

20:30

20:35

21:39

21:50

25 13

4:01

3.46

4:40

5:44

13:10

13:30

17:05

17:20

20:28

20:33

21:37

21:50

26 14

4:02

3.47

3:40

5:46

13:10

13:30

17:04

17:20

20:26

20:31

21:35

21:50

27 15

4:04

3.49

4:40

5:47

13:30

17:03

17:20

20:24

20:29

21:34

21:40

28 16

4:06

3.51

4:50

5:49

13:10

13:30

17:02

17:20

20:22

20:27

21:32

21:40

29 17

4:08

3.53

4:50

5:51

13:20

14:10

17:01

17:20

20:20

20:25

21:30

21:40

30 18

4:10

3.55

4:50

5:52

13:09

13:30

17:00

17:20

20:18

20:23

21:29

21:40

EID19

4:12

EID

4:50

5:54

13:09

13:30

16:59

17:20

20:16

20:21

21:27

21:40

13:10

Wa bisami ghadin nawaytu min shahri ramadan ’’I intend to keep the fast tomorrow in the month of Ramadan’’ D Du’a for Breaking the Fast. Allahumma laka sumtu wa bika aamantu wa ‘alayka tawakaltu wa ‘alaa rizqika aftartu ‘’O Allah!, I fasted for You & believe in You & I put my trust in You & I break my fast with your sustenance.

It is established in the Sunnah that during the succeeding months of Ramadan, Angel Jibril would visit the Prophet (pbuh) and make him rehearse all that had been revealed (of the Qur’an) so far. In the year in which the Prophet died, the Angel Jibril came twice in a similar manner and made the Prophet (pbuh) do the rehearsal on each occasion. The Prophet (pbuh) saw this as an indication of the end of his mission on earth. The Holy Prophet (pbuh) said that “One who lear ns and teaches the Qur’an is “the best among you (the believers)”. Fasting in the month of Ramadan is the fourth pillar of Is-lam. It is obligatory on every sane and healthy adult Muslim. The Holy Prophet (pbuh) said that whoever fasts with full faith and the expectation of reward from Allah (swt) will be forgiven all of their past sins, so that they become as pure as they were on the day they were born .


OLD KENT ROAD MOSQUE & ISLAMIC CULTURAL CENTRE Muslim Association of Nigeria (UK) Fiqh of Fasting [Ruling of Forgetfulness and Compulsion] Imam Ibn Qudamah says in al-Umdah And if he did it absentmindedly or was forced, his fast is not nullified. And if flies flew into someone’s mouth or dust or made madmadah (mouth rinsing) or istinshaq (sniffing of water into the nostrils and blowing it out) and water reached his / her pharynx. or if he thought [about sex] and ejaculated or discharged drops from his urethra or had a wet dream or was overwhelmed by vomiting, his / her fast is not nullified. And if he/she ate thinking it was night and it turned out to be day, he/she must make up the day, and if he ate doubting the beginning of fajr time, his fasting is not nullified and if he ate guessing that Maghrib was in, he must make up [if he was wrong]. (words of Imam Ibn Qudamaah) N O T E S 1) The Prophet (saw) said: “He who forgets while fasting and eats or drinks, let him finish his fasting for it is Allah the Almighty who fed him and gave him drink.”(Agreed upon its authenticity).The same would apply to one under compulsion, since he did not intentionally break his fast. 2) The Prophet (saw) said, “Allah exempted my nation from what they do by mistake, absentmindedly or under compulsion.”(Ibn Hibban, Malik - Hasan) A sexual / bodily reflex that is not under ones control does not break the fast. This is the Majority opinion. 3) Eating while thinking it was still permissible. The position here above is the opinion of the majority and the four schools of fiqh. As for the hadeeth in Bukhari about an incident that happened during the time of the Prophet (saw) and it was reported from Asma’ in which the sky became cloudy and they broke their fast, and then the sun came up. There are conflicting reports as to whether or not they made up that day. The opinion of the majority is safer and chosen by Ibn Hajar, Ibn Qudamah and many of the verifying scholars.If you eat thinking it is still time to eat and then discover you were wrong, you must make up that day BUT you do not continue eating. You fast the day so that you are not accountable for missing it and then you fast a make up day so that you are rewarded for a complete fast.

Compiled by Abdul-Ghani Ajobo – Publicity Secretary - MANUK

Nothing is better than starting your day with a sincere intention of doing good deeds, leaving evil deeds, helping the weak and oppressed and repeating the prayer of the Prophet: “ Oh Allah I ask you for guidance, piousness, honour and affluence”

GENERAL REMARKS. Innal hamda Lillaah, Was-Salaatu Was-Salaamu 'Alaarasoolillaah, Authubillah Minash-shaytanirrajeem Bissmillahi Rahmani Raheem, All praise is due to Allah for making us Muslims and making us witnessing another Ramadhan, more-so in producing MAN’s newsletter branded As-Salaam. This edition was compiled by the publicity secretary of the association with the full support of its executive members’ to produce a special edition for the 2012 Ramadhan, Alihamdhullilah. Any form of contributions in terms of Articles, Sponsors, Columnist and Advertisement & Expert advice are welcomed to sustain the production of As-Salaam which In’Sha Allah will be on quarterly bulletin. Comments & opinions on this publications should be forwarded by way of e-mail to – publicity@manuk.org .

MAN (UK) RECENT EVENTS. 1. Hosted Department for Communities and Local Govt (DCLG) faith team visits on 3rd February 2012. 2. Cllr. Al-Samerai's—Liberal Democrat from Southwark Council visit to the mosque Friday 17th February2012. 3. Hosted The Christian/Muslim forum parenting workshop (female only) Monday 27th February 2012 4. Attended Hajj Exhibition at the British Museum Satur day 24th March, 2012. 5. Hosted the Diabetes (UK) awareness session Sunday 20th May, 2012. 6. Hosted Family event by The Christian / Muslim forum (male & female) Tuesday 29th May, 2012. 7. Held Markaz Inter-House sports at Tooting Bec Sports Ground Saturday 16th June 2012. 8. MANuk Elders’ Group held Queen’s Diamond Celebration lunch 5th June 2012. 9. Hosted MANuk Markaz Walimah Saturday 30th June 2015 10. Attended MCB’s (Muslim Council of Britain) reception for Prof. D.O.S Noibi Tuesday 12th June 2012. 11. Lunching of Habeeb Akande’s (MAN Youth Wing) – Illumination the Darkness book 17th June 2012 12. Held Free Immigration session / consultation on recent changes on immigration rule in UK by Chris Solicitors Wednesday 4th July 2012. 13. Held Pre-Ramadan lecture Sunday 15th July 2012


OLD KENT ROAD MOSQUE & ISLAMIC CULTURAL CENTRE - Muslim Association of Nigeria (UK)

Organization

THE KA’BAH, RAMADAN, HAJJ AND MANKIND Prof. D.O.S Noibi. Millions of pilgrims from all corners of the world will soon be converging on the city and its environs. What gives the city such a great importance is the presence of that ancient sanctuary, the Ka’bah. The Ramadan (Umrah) and Hajj periods are not the only occasion when Muslims are focused on the Ka’bah. Five time everyday, Muslims all over the world turn to the direction of the house in the course of Salah—the formal prayer which literarily meant at every moment it is as though worshippers form numerous circles round the Ka’bah from far and near as pilgrims do in the process of the Tawaf (circumbulation of the House) in Mecca in the course of the pilgrimage. Now, what is the Ka’bah? - Allah, glory be to Him, says ’’Verily, the first House (of worship) appointed for mankind was the one at Bakkah (Mecca), full of blessing and guidance for all kinds of being’’—Qur’an 3.96 This is a reference to the Kab’ah as the first House established for human beings for the worship of their …...learn from this symbolism of the Kab’ah? Only when creator. It is generally believed that the House was built we do so shall we have peace within ourselves and in our by Prophet Ibrahim (pbuh) from origin. However, taking relations with one another and with the environment. together some of the ayahs (verse) of the Qu’ran pertaining to Prophet Ibrahim relationship with the sanctuary, one comes to the conclusion that this is not the case. It is evident that Prophet Ibrahim (pbuh) found the foundations of the House when he brought his son, baby Ismail and his mother Hajar to what was to become the city of Mecca. The patriarch is reported to have said: ‘’Our Lord! I have settled some of my posterity in an uncultivated valley near to Your Sacred House, our Lord! That they may establish proper worship….’’ (14:37) Then, we are told that Allah showed Ibrahim (pbuh) the site of the House (Qu’ran 22:26), which indicates that the foundations of the house were there already. What Prophet Ibrahim did was ‘’raising the foundations’’ (Qu’ran 2:127). That could only be at a time when Ismail (pbuh) had attained such an age when he could possibly give his father a helping hand. The House is meant to be a constant reminder to mankind of the purpose of our existence on plane earth. We are here not by our choice, but by the will of our Creator, and He has told us why He created us, namely, to worship Him by doing His will—(Qur’an 51:56). The Prophet Jesus (pbuh), who immediately preceded Muhammad (pbuh), also indicated that we are here to do God’s ‘’will on earth as it is in heaven’’. So, the Kab’ah is there to help to focus on that grand purpose and not carried away by worldly pursuits.. Are mankind, Muslims & non-Muslims alike, willing to ….

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