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POLITECNICO DI MILANO | Architettura, Urbanistica, Ingegneria delle Costruzioni FINAL STUDIO | A.Y. 2019-20 PROFESSORS | Laura Cipriani | Mina Akhavan | Alisia Tognon COLLABORATORS | Matteo Puglisi| Eleftheria Exarchou |Francesca Suaria | Irene Manzini Ceinar GROUP 10 | Cecilia Bautista | Özlem Yazgan | Yigit Ozen |

MANTOVA AROUND | A New Tourism Belt

1


MANTOVA AROUND | A New Tourism Belt INDEX

1_INTRODUCTION - DOMINANT ECONOMIES 2_ECONOMY GENERATED BY TOURISM 3_TRANSPORT AND ACCESSIBILITY FOR THE TOURISM 4_TOURISM ACTIVITIES OF PO BASIN TERRITORY 5_TYPES OF TOURISTIC ACCOMODATIONS AND TOURIST 6_TOURISM ACCOMMODATIONS AND TOURIST POPULATIONS 7_AGRITOURISM AT THE RIVERSCAPE 8_PHYSICAL AND FUNCTIONAL TYPOLOGIES OF AGRITOURISMS 9_INTRODUCTION OF PROJECT AREA: OUTCOMES OF RESEARCH 10_INTITAL AIMS | OPPORTUNITIES TO DEVELOP 11_ANALYSIS OF THE PROJECT AREA | COMPONETS OF THE TERRITORY 12_MAIN THEMATIC LOOPS | SYSTEMS 13_STRATEGY | MAIN INTERVENTIONS 14_MASTER PLAN | PUNCTUAL INTERVENTIONS 15_EX CERAMICA MANTOVA, URBAN ANCHOR 16_RURAL MUSEUM OF FOOD CULTURE MANTOVA 17_SLOW PATH & BIKER CAMPING 18_EXTERNAL VIEWS 19_TIMELINE

2

3


INTRODUCTION TO DOMINANT ECONOMIES (production and labor)

DOMINANT ECONOMIES

Dominant economic activities on regional level Data: ISTAT, 2019/ Data: .in-lombardia.it/ patrimonioculturale-er.it

Leading economic activities of Po Basin Area Data: .in-lombardia.it/ patrimonioculturale-er.it

GD PER CAPITA (EURO)

38600

36200

Lombardy

Emilia Romagna

28200

Italy

40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 Lodi

GDP

Lodi

Cremona

Mantova

Modena

Parma

Cremona Mantova Modena Parma

Pavia

Pavia

Piacenza

Piacenza

Reggio

Reggio nell'Emiglia

mill. of Euro per capita - Euro

GDP 5.679 10.294 Mill of Euro per capita Euro 24.746 28.513 4

12.377 29.904

15.562 35.093

25.296 13.188 36.034 24.052

8.929 17.961 31.056 33.694

Information and comunication Construction Human healt and social work activities Administrative and support service activities Accomodation and food service activities Transportation and storage Whole and retail trade repair od motor vehicles and motorcycles Tourism

0

10

20

50 km 5


ECONOMY GENERATED BY TOURISM

ECONOMY GENERATED BY TOURISM

Share of tourism on regional level vs. country level Toursim in North Italy Data: ISTAT, 2019

Turistic season activity in Lombardy and Emilia Romagna Data: ISTAT, 2019/

2.000.000

80.000.000

1.800.000

70.000.000

1.600.000

60.000.000

1.400.000

50.000.000

1.200.000

40.000.000

1.000.000

30.000.000

800.000

20.000.000

600.000

10.000.000

400.000

December

November

October

September

Valle D’Aosta

August

Friuli Venezia Giulia

July

Liguria

June

Piemonte

May

Emilia Romagna

April

Trentino

March

Lombardia

January

Veneto

February

200.000

Tourism arrival International tourism arrival Study cases

6

7


ECONOMY GENERATED BY TOURISM

ECONOMY GENERATED BY TOURISM

Growth of number of tourist arrived from 2015 to 2019 Lombardy region & Emilia Romagna Data: ISTAT, 2019/ Osservatorio del Turismo

Growth of number of tourist arrived from 2015 to 2019 Lombardy region & Emilia Romagna Data: ISTAT, 2019/ Osservatorio del Turismo

21,6% 39.385.960 37.857.240

44%

51,3 %

37.194.096

2019

2018

2017

34.293.679

2016

2015

51,9 %

52,0 %

Italians 24,2%

7,4%

33.960.640

55,5 %

54,3 %

Tourist arrivals on the Lombard territory in 2019 grew to 39.385.960 You can see a 7.4% growth compared to 2018 and a 21.6% increase in the 2015-2019 five-year period, the period in which the number of arrivals in Lombardy has grown by almost 3 million

56 %

16,5%

Foreigners

5,1%

Incidence of foreign arrivals

7,6%

3,4%

5,9%

Foreigners

Italians

Total

Lombardy

15,8%

Alberghiero

2018

84,2%

12,6%

16,4%

Incidence of “extra hotel� arrivals

2019

2018

2017

Emilia-Romagna is a top European tourism destination, welcoming more than 11.5 million visitors annually and generating 50 million overnight stays. The region can host large groups and accommodate large-scale events, thanks to more than 1.1 million beds across 4,300 hotels.

11,9%

2017

11,0 %

9.732.848

2015

9.258.737

2016

2015

9.037.868

14,4%

2016

10.319.159

2019

Extra alberghiero

11.051.890

Emilia Romagna

8

9


TRANSPORT AND ACCESSIBILITY FOR THE TOURISM

TRANSPORT AND ACCESSIBILITY FOR THE TOURISM

Predominant transportation for tourism Data: ISTAT, 2019/OSM DATA

Predominant transportation for tourism Data: ISTAT, 2019/OSM DATA

Train 1% Sea transportation 2%

70 60 50 40

Airplane

35%

62%

Car / Highway/ Bus

30 20 10

Airplane

Train

Sea transportation 2017

Car

2018

Bus

other

2019

In 2019, ISTAT have estimated that foreign tourists enter Italy through the road transport (car and bus) in 62% of cases, by plane (35%), by ship (2%) and by train (1%). Accessibility is an essential driver of competitiveness of national tourism systems; it represents the most relevant point of intersection between the tourism supply chain and that of transport.

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11


TRANSPORT AND ACCESSIBILITY FOR THE TOURISM

TRANSPORT AND ACCESSIBILITY FOR THE TOURISM

Fast and slow mobility: Bicycle main paths throw lombardy and Emilia Romagna Data: ISTAT, 2019/ OSM DATA

Fast and slow mobility: Main mobility infastructure Data: ISTAT, 2019 /OSM DATA

Departure cities

BGY (Orio Al Serio)

MXP

1

Milano

2

Roma

3

Napoli

4

Bologna

3

4

2

1

LIN

BLQ

0 12

10

20

50 km

Nearest airports Train stations Bus stations Primary highway Secondary highway

Ciclovia Vento Ciclovia del Sole Ciclovia Francigena Ciclovia AIDA

0

10

20

50 km 13


TOURISTIC SITES OF PO BASIN TERRITORY

TOURISTIC SITES OF PO BASIN TERRITORY

Dominant tourisctic activities on regional level Data: ISTAT, 2019/ Osservatorio del Turismo

Dominant touristic activities on regional level Data: ISTAT, 2019/ Osservatorio del Turismo

Church

Village Cathedral Castle Palace Theatre Library University Stadium Museum Lake National Park

Heritage Culture Nature

Mountain Green /Botanical Art&Cultu

0 14

10

20

50 km

Village Castle Palace Cathedral Church Library University Museum Art & culture Theatre Stadium National Park Green/botanical Lake Bridge Mountain

Village Castle Palace Cathedral Church Library University

Heritage sites /cultural sites Cultural sites Heritage- Historic

Museum Art&Culture Theatre Stadium National Park Green /Botanical Lake Bridge Mountain

0

10

20

50 km 15


TYPES OF TOURISTIC ACCOMODATIONS AND TOURIST

Dominant types of accomodations Column, bar,Reggione and pie charts compare values in a Data: ISTAT, 2018/ OSM Data; Open Database Lombardia; Open Data Emilia Romagna, 2018 single category, such as the number of products sold by each salesperson. Pie charts show each category’s value as a percentage of the whole.

TYPES OF TOURISTIC ACCOMODATIONS AND TOURIST POPULATIONS

Map of different accomodations Data: ISTAT, 20197 OSM Data; Open Database Reggione Lombardia; Open Data Emilia Romagna, 2018

Table 1

0.43 27 10

2%

9 4 4

3%

2

4%

1

9% 43% 10%

27%

120000

100000

80000

60000

40000

20000

16

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

Total total Hotels and similar hotels and similar Rented dwellings rented dw ellings Agritourism agritourism s hostels Hostels

0

10

20

50 km

5 & 4 star / deluxe hotels 3 stars hotels / residence hotels 2 & 1 star hotels Camp sites and holiday villages rented holiday dwellings Farm houses Bed and breakfasts Other collective accomodation

17


INACTIVE SPACES

INACTIVE SPACES

Abandonded Farmlands Data: ISTAT, 2018

Abandonded Farmlands Data: ISTAT, 2018

Active Farmlands

Abandonded Farmlands

Pavia

PaviaCremona Mantova Cremona Mantova Lodi Lodi Piacenza Piacenza Parma Parma Modena Modena Ferrara Ferrara

Pavia Cremona Mantova Lodi Piacenza Piacenza Parma Parma Modena Modena FerraraFerrara

Dinamic of agritouristic farms authorized Pavia Cremona Mantova Lodi

0 18

1

2

active

Abandoned

new 223 72 236 34

16

18

84 14

15

31

Piacenza

164

Parma

131

Modena

126

51

Ferrara

65

12

77 10

6 1

5 km 19


AGRITOURISM ATAT THE RIVERSCAPE AGRITOURISM THE RIVERSCAPE Places of traditional farmlands -cascinaandand agritourism at Po River Basin area. Places of traditional farmlands -cascinaagritourism at Po River Basin area. AGRITOURISM AT THE RIVERSCAPE

Data: OSM Data; Open Database Reggione Lombardia; Open Data Emilia Romagna, 2018. Data: Data; Open Database Reggione Lombardia; Data Emilia Romagna, 2018. Places ofOSM traditional farmlands -cascinaand agritourism atOpen Po River Basin area. Data: OSM Data; Open Database Reggione Lombardia; Open Data Emilia Romagna, 2018.

North Italy hashas hadhad a big share in agricultural North Italy a big share in agricultural production in the pastpast times, as well as today. production in the times, as as today. North Italy has had a big share in well agricultural Traditional farmhouses are are thethe remenants of Traditional remenants production infarmhouses the past times, as well as today.of these productive lands. these productive lands. Traditional farmhouses are the remenants of these productive lands. Cascinas cover a large areaarea of of twotwo sides of of Cascinas cover a large sides river basin area. These farm buildings are are river basin area. These farm buildings Cascinas cover a large area of two sides of scatterred among thethe agriculture lands andand scatterred among agriculture lands river basin area. These farm buildings are sometimes form a tiny neighbourhood. sometimes form a tiny neighbourhood. scatterred among the agriculture lands and

sometimes form a tiny neighbourhood. Many cascinas are are creating a type of of Many cascinas creating a type economy forfor thisthis area, when restorated andand economy area, when restorated Many cascinas are creating a type of served as aastouristic acommodity; in relation served in relation economy fora touristic this area,acommodity; when restorated and with thethe productive lands andand river nature. with lands river nature. served as aproductive touristic acommodity; in relation

AA A BB B

CC C

with the productive lands and river nature. In the mapmap it isitvisible thatthat these places of of In the is visible these places revenue do do notnot really accumulate around revenue really accumulate around In the map it is visible that these places of certain feture of of thethe territory, theythey are are certain feture territory, revenue do not really accumulate around diffused. However it isitpossible to investigate diffused. However is possible investigate certain feture of the territory, theytoare some parts closely, in accordance with thethe some parts closely, in possible accordance with diffused. However it is to investigate diffirent charactheristics of of thethe riverscape diffirent charactheristics riverscape some parts closely, in accordance with the andand thethe onlyonly mountains areaarea of South Pavia. mountains South Pavia. diffirent charactheristics of theofriverscape and the only mountains area of South Pavia.

DD D

20

0 0

5 5

10 10

0

5

10

50 50kmkm 50

km

province center province center highway highwaycenter province water stream water stream highway 100m topography lineline 100m topography water stream wetland wetland 100m topography line cascinas cascinas wetland agritourisms agritourisms cascinas agritourisms

21


SHOWING PHYSICAL CONTEXT OF AGRITOURISMS

Agritourism at the riverscape Data: OSM Data, Open Database Reggione Lombardia, Open Data Emilia Romagna 2018.

0

2

5

km

22

2

5

km

province center highway water stream forest vineyard wetland province center cascinas highway agritourisms water stream forest vineyard wetland

23


SHOWING PHYSICAL CONTEXT OF AGRITOURISMS

Agritourism at the riverscape Data: OSM Data, Open Database Reggione Lombardia, Open Data Emilia Romagna 2018.

2

0

5

km

24

0

02

2

5

km

province center highway water stream forest vineyard province center wetland highway cascinas water stream agritourisms forest vineyard wetland 5 km cascinas

province center highway water stream forest vineyard wetland cascinas

25


SHOWING PHYSICAL CONTEXT OF AGRITOURISMS

Agritourism at the riverscape Data: OSM Data, Open Database Reggione Lombardia, Open Data Emilia Romagna 2018.

26

27


SHOWING PHYSICAL CONTEXT OF AGRITOURISMS

Agritourism at the riverscape Data: OSM Data, Open Database Reggione Lombardia, Open Data Emilia Romagna 2018.

0

2

5

km

28

0

2

5

km

province center highway water stream 50m topography line forest province center vineyard highway orchard water stream wetland 50m topography line cascinas forest agritourisms vineyard orchard wetland

29


INTRODUCTION OF PROJECT AREA: OUTCOMES OF RESEARCH Areas lacking widespread tourism activity vs Areas with the most number of disused farmhouses Data: ISTAT, 2018/ OSM Data; Open Database Reggione Lombardia; Open Data Emilia Romagna, 2018

Intervention area

Areas lacking widespread tourism activity

Overlapping the critical areas in the outcome maps

Areas with the most number of disused farmhouses

0 30

10

20

50 km

Po river Municipal border City center Main tourism concentration Disused farmhouses

31


INTRODUCTION OF PROJECT AREA | CRUCIAL POSITION FOR MANTOVA Strategic location for the development of the project area

Corridor 6 Rhine - Alpine Como Corridor 3 Mediterranean Torino

Corridor 5 Scandinavian Trento

Bergamo

Fast mobility connections BETWEEN VENEZIA & BOLOGNA

Brescia Verona

Milano

Venezia

Slow mobility connections REGIONAL CYCLE PROJECTS

Genoa

Bologna Inland waterway connections BETWEEN PO DELTA AND PO BASIN Firenze

Mobility Map Po Basin Area Reference: OpenStreetMap Collaborators, https://ec.europa.eu/transport/infrastructure/tentec/tentec-portal/map

0 32

10

20

50 km 33


INTRODUCTION OF PROJECT AREA | CRUCIAL POSITION FOR MANTOVA Strategic location for the development of the project area

0

34

10

20

50 km

Orthophoto of Focus Area Reference: Google Earth 2020

35


INTITAL AIMS | OPPORTUNITIES TO DEVELOP Initial intentions that derived from the research outcomes

Problems

Intentions

SLOW TOURISM C Pa th

A

Better connections helping the better attraction of the local tourism of Po River area

th Pa

Disconnection of the Po River area from main tourism attractions

Agricultural landscapes

ART & CULTURE Mincio park nature

Path B

FOOD TOURISM

Lack of integration between tourism activities and the local communities

Mantova

Better integration of local tourism and local communities

Proximity to Po river

Mantova

STRATEGY System of thematic paths & interventions series

Abandonment of farmhouses and old industrial buildings 36

Refunctioning and reactivation of the disused spaces 37


ANALYSIS OF THE PROJECT AREA | COMPONETS OF THE TERRITORY Existing Natural & Infrastructural Characteristics.

Natural & Infrastructural Layers Reference: OpenStreetMap contributors, 2020

0 38

10

20

Analysis regarding Ä°nitial Aim #1 Better connections helping the better attraction of the local tourism of Po River area

50 km 39


ANALYSIS OF THE PROJECT AREA | COMPONETS OF THE TERRITORY Existing Cultural Characteristics, Quality of Rural Localities.

Local Attractions Info Map

0 40

10

20

Analysis regarding Ä°nitial Aim #2 Better integration of local tourism and local communities

50 km 41


ANALYSIS OF THE PROJECT AREA | COMPONETS OF THE TERRITORY Existing Productive Characteristics.

Productive vs. Abandoned Places Mapping

0 42

10

20

Analysis regarding Ä°nitial Aim #3 Refunctioning and reactivation of the disused spaces

50 km 43


MAIN THEMATIC LOOPS | SYSTEMS Dominant Systems of the Path and actors of the Path

44

45


STRATEGY | Main interventions

New Uses of Abandoned Spaces in relation with Existing Natural Context, Cultural Characteristics. Data: agriturismo.regione.lombardia.it 2019

1

2

7

1. Urban orchards & food market

3

2/3. Art & culture

4.Wine & cheese production.

4

6 5

5.Rural orchards & Food workshops

6.Educational farm & food production workshop

7. Slow Path & Biker Camp

Cycle path Railway Rail station Canal structure Pier Intervention area Intervention area Intervention area Old defense heritage Memorial place

0 46

1

2

5 km

Po river Other attracions

47


MASTER PLAN | PUNCTUAL INTERVENTIONS New Uses of Abandoned Spaces

A

C

B

Thematic Path A | Cultural Axis

0 48

10

20

50 km

Thematic Path B | Food Tourism Axis

Thematic Path C | Slow Tourism Axis

0

10

20

50 km 49


PUNCTUAL INTERVENTIONS

A

Thematic Path A | Cultural Axis

1. Ex Ceramica Mantova

2. Forte di Pietole

New use of abandoned spaces

Existing

Activity Axis

Abandoned farmland

-Race track -Social Club (Fishing ) -Natural Reserve

Travata water Reading retreats Consorzio di Bonifica pumping plant La Macchina Fissa

3. Castello di Governolo

Bertazzolo Basin River Museum

Conca di San Leone New use of inactive spaces

-Biker Repair -Event spaces -Sports

New use of abandoned spaces

Existing

Cultural Axis -Museum -Memorials -Archeological site

Existing characteristics Paiolo Valley

-Local art museum -Book store -Guide office for local products

Mantovano Social Club

Tazio Nuvolari (Race Track)

Abandonded farmland Parco archeologico del Fortello

Neolitic settelment in the locality of Ca’ Rossina Bagnolo San vito

Existing natural and infrastructural context

50

51


EX CERAMICA MANTOVA, URBAN ANCHOR

A

Thematic Path A | Cultural Axis

A

Thematic Path A | Cultural Axis 0 52

10

20

50 km

0

1

2

5 km 53


Ex CERAMICA MANTOVA, URBAN ANCHOR Plan floor Ex Ceramica

0 54

10

20

A

50 km 55


Ex CERAMICA MANTOVA, URBAN ANCHOR

A

Main concept diagrams

Running Path + Bicycle Path + Event / Workshops +Shared Accommodation + Retail

RunningRunning PathPath + Bicycle Event/ workshop shared accommodation + Bicycle path Path ++Event / Workshops +Shared+Accommodation + Retail

Car Parking + Open Air Market + Agriculture + Play-Zone + Green Areas Car Parking + Open Air Market+ +Agriculture+ Agriculture + Play-Zone + Green Car parking + Open market Play zone + Areas Green areas

56

57


Ex CERAMICA MANTOVA, URBAN ANCHOR

A

Axonometry

Car parking

Open Air Market & Playground

Agricultural

Street entrance

Square of accomodation

58

59


PUNCTUAL INTERVENTIONS Thematic Path B | Food Tourism Axis

6. Educational Farm Cascina

5. Local Food Culture Cascina

4. Wine&Cheese Tasting Cascina

New use of inactive spaces

17 km 1h 10

8 km 28’

B

15 km 55’

Existing characteristics Nature Reserve area Po River

Forte Centrale

Intersection with the existent cycle paths

Area with intense dairy and wine production

Existing natural and infrastructural context

60

61


RURAL MUSEUM OF FOOD CULTURE MANTOVA Thematic Path B | Food Tourism Axis

B

B

Thematic Path B | Food Tourism Axis

0 62

10

20

50 km

0

1

2

5 km 63


RURAL MUSEUM OF FOOD CULTURE MANTOVA Plan floor rural museum

B

0 64

1

2

5 km 65


RURAL MUSEUM OF FOOD CULTURE MANTOVA Main concept diagrams

B Reused buildings New additions Vehicle connection

Production orchards workshops accommodations commercial new bike / pedestrian connection

66

67


RURAL MUSEUM OF FOOD CULTURE MANTOVA Axonometry

B

Reused spaces

Bicycle path

Orchards and greenhouses

Connection to the river

Food production

68

69


PUNCTUAL INTERVENTIONS

C

Thematic Path C | Slow Tourism Axis Crossroads in the fields Settlement stop

Break in the flats

Canal bridge

New use of inactive spaces Urban end

Mid-stop in cascina

4 km 13’ 23 km 1h 10’

Parco San Colombano

3 km 10’

Conca Di Borga Virgilio

3 km 10’

4 km 13’

Aero Club Mantova

3.5 km 12’

5 km 15’

Existing characteristics

Existing natural and infrastructural context

70

71


SLOW PATH & BIKER CAMPING

C

Thematic Path C | Slow Tourism Axis

C

Thematic Path C | Slow Tourism Axis

0 72

10

20

50 km

0

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5 km 73


SLOW PATH & BIKER CAMPING

C

Plan floor Biker camping & Main concept diagrams

EX BI

UN CO USE A R R RU D EA PT E

OP

CL

E

IST

FI

EL

D GR RA FO ES Y N WA C H I MA

DS

RO AD

HE

ST

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RO

-U

T NI

74

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&

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GA G.

N DE

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GA SH AG

S

A F I VAG EL UE RO SA B AG AR ND ORD RA SIT ER NG E B E M P RO E T W EN VI E T O DE EN F U D B C RO NI Y T P TS HE

0

G

CA

RO AD

I

U LT CU

RO AD

OR

IN

RR OA D

AB BU A N D IL DI ONE NG D

D NE DO G AN IN AB ILD BU

CR

CY

OP

UN

SE EN

SE

S IT

AT

MI

IN

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G

EN

AR

EX

EN RO

TE

CA

AR

RA

FE

ED

NC

AC

CO

E

RO

N -U

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EN

WI

EA

S ID

TH

E

GR

TR

EE

N

EE

CO

RR

S ID

E

GR

RR OA D

ID

EE

N

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CO

RR

ID

OR

OR

S

M.

T.

BI

AG

RD

CA

RA

KE

R PA

K

&

EN

TE

RA

NC

E

S

5 km 75


SLOW PATH & BIKER CAMPING Axonometry

76

C

77


EXTERNAL VIEWS

Path A 78

Path B

Path C 79


EXPECTED GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT : EX CERAMICA MANTOVA, Timeline within 10 years of use

1 year

5 years

10 years

Cultural activities Market Orchards Biker activities Food activities Distribution of food January

80

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

Septemeber

October

November

December

81


EXPECTED GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT : RURAL MUSEUM OF FOOD CULTURE MANTOVA Timeline within 10 years of use

5 years

1 year

10 years

Cultural activities Market Orchards Catering Food activities Distribution of food January

82

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

Septemeber

October

November

December

83


EXPECTED GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT : SLOW PATH & BIKER CAMPING Timeline within 10 years of use

1 year

5 years

10 years

Bikers activities Camping Orchards Cultural actvities Food activities Food selling January

84

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

Septemeber

October

November

December

85

Profile for Yiğit Özen

Mantova Around- A New Tourism Belt  

-Politecnico di Milano- Architectural and Urban Design Master Program Final Project-  Spring 2020 -Intervention of Selected Abandoned Sites...

Mantova Around- A New Tourism Belt  

-Politecnico di Milano- Architectural and Urban Design Master Program Final Project-  Spring 2020 -Intervention of Selected Abandoned Sites...

Profile for yigitozen
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