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Beijing Duck  -­‐   h>p://pic3.nipic.com/ 20090512/2518745_001051834_2.jpg   Peking  Opera  -­‐   h>p://pic17.nipic.com/ 20111125/8915891_172550570162_2.jpg   Siheyuan  -­‐   h>p://img.zhiyoula.com/7f8496bc-­‐cc31-­‐4667-­‐ a9fa-­‐85f9a6be23b4/529dac94c9460.jpg   Tangzhuang  -­‐   h>p://www.ahhome.com/upload/ 2010-­‐11/2010111033845369.jpg   Taihedian  -­‐   h>p://photo.hanyu.iciba.com/upload/ encyclopedia_2/24/5d/ bk_245d4e90818922fe55a1b54c34Rc9dd_YHaFY2.jp g   Jiaolou  -­‐   h>p://www.jianshen.cas.cn/qfwy/syzc/200906/ W020090601520001842874.jpg  

   


Tangzhuang

Siheyuan

Peking duck

Peking opera

A tangzhuang is a Chinese jacket that originated at the end of the Qing Dynasty. The Tangzhuang evolved from the Magua, a Manchurian piece of clothing, which the Han Chinese were forced to wear it during the Qing Dynasty. In modern times it has been adopted by common people. They are often worn by men, although women wear them as well.

A siheyuan is a historical type of residence that was commonly found throughout China, most famously in Beijing. The name literally means a courtyard surrounded by buildings on all four sides.

Peking duck is a famous duck dish from Beijing that has been prepared since the imperial era, and is now considered a national dish of China. The dish is prized for the thin, crisp skin, with authentic versions of the dish serving mostly the skin and little meat, sliced in front of the diners by the cook. Ducks bred specially for the dish are slaughtered after 65 days and seasoned before being roasted in a closed or hung oven. The meat is eaten with pancakes, scallion, and hoisin sauce or sweet bean sauce.

Peking opera is a form traditional Chinese theatre which combines music, vocal performance, mime, dance, and acrobatics. It arose in the late 18th century and became fully developed and recognized by the mid19th century. The form was extremely popular in the Qing Dynasty court.

In Chinese communities, the Mao suit, the western suit, and the Tang suit are the main forms of formal dress for men on many occasions. Tangzhuang are made in different colors, most commonly red, navy, gold, black and green. One common design is the usage of Chinese characters as monogram such as Fu (‘happiness’ in Chinese), Shou (‘longevity’ in Chinese) to spread good luck and wishes. At the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit in Shanghai in November 2001, the host presented silk-embroided tangzhuang jackets as the Chinese traditional national costume.

Throughout Chinese history, the siheyuan composition was the basic pattern used for residences, palaces, temples, monasteries, family businesses and government offices. In ancient times, a spacious siheyuan would be occupied by a single, usually large and extended family, signifying wealth and prosperity. Today, many remaining siheyuan are still used as housing complexes, but many lack modern amenities. Siheyuan has a history of over 2,000 years.They exhibit outstanding and fundamental characteristics of Chinese architecture. They exist all across China and are the template for most Chinese architectural styles. Siheyuan also serves as a cultural symbol of Beijing and a window into its old ways of life.

Duck has been roasted in China since the Southern and Northern Dynasties. The dish, originally named “Shaoyazi”, was mentioned in the Complete Recipes for Dishes and Beverages manual in 1330 by Hu Sihui. The Peking Roast Duck that came to be associated with the term was fully developed during the later Ming Dynasty, and by then, Peking Duck was one of the main dishes on imperial court menus.

Peking opera features four main types of performers. Performing troupes often have several of each variety, as well as numerous secondary and tertiary performers. With their elaborate and colorful costumes, performers are the only focal points on Peking opera’s characteristically sparse stage. They utilize the skills of speech, song, dance, and combat in movements that are symbolic and suggestive, rather than realistic. The skill of performers is evaluated according to the beauty of their movements. Performers also adhere to a variety of stylistic conventions that help audiences navigate the plot of the production.


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