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El uso del Gerundio e Infinitivo (revista)

REPÚBLICA BOLIVARIANA DE VENEZUELA MINISTERIO DEL PODER POPULAR PARA LA

EDUCACIÓN UNIVERSITARIA, CIENCIA Y TECNOLOGIÁ

INSTITUTO UNIVERSITARIO POLITÉCNICO “SANTIAGO MARIÑO” EXTENSIÓN MARACAY

Autor:Oreana Cañizalez 27.520.783 (45)

Sección AE, ingles II

Maracay, Marzo 2019

Gerund

Is a verb in its ing (present participle) form that functions as a noun that names an activity rather than a person or thing?

Examples:

G erunds may appear at the beginning of a sentence when used as a subject:

Running is a hobby of mine

1

2

3

•I am sleeping.

•I don’t like sleeping.

•I look forward to helping you paint the house

The gerunds can act as an object following the verb:

It’s used:

1. After some verbs: deny, avoid, can't help, like, dislike, enjoy, mind, keep on, suggest, finish.

2. After a preposition: I'm in learning English. I'm fond of playing tennis.

3. When the verb is the subject of the phrase: Smoking is dangerous for your health.

4. Important: The negative form of the gerund is "not gerund": I enjoy not doing anything on holiday

Daniel stopped smoking a year ago

Gerunds can serve as an object after a preposition: I'm looking forward to helping paint the house

Some verbs and verbal phrases are directly followed by a gerund: Paul avoids using chemicals in the vegetables he cultivates.

Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in the meaning:

Some people prefer to get up early in the morning.

Infinitive

i s a verbal form that acts like other parts of speech in a sentence. It is formed with a basic form of the verb.

It’s used:

Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or infinitive, but with a change of meaning: remembered to have sent the fax. (He remembered the act of sending the fax).

He remembered to send the fax. (He remembered the fax and sent it).

1. After some verbs: would like, agree, decide, choose, plan, refuse, hope, want, manage etc. I want to become a teacher.

2. After adjectives: I'm happy to see you again

3. To express a goal or why we are doing an action: I'm here to study English.

4. Important: The negative form of the infinitive is "not infinitive": I'm happy not to see you again.

Examples:

An object following the verb:

Some verbs are followed directly by an infinitive:

You want to call your family now?

Jim always forgets to eat

A theme at the beginning of a prayer:

Travel the world requires a lot of time andmoney.

Some verbs are followed directly by a noun or pronoun and then by an infinitive:

I convinced Catalina to become a vegetarian.

An adverb modifying a verb:You promised to buy me a diamond ring.

Some verbs can be followed of an infinitive or a gerund without causing a change in the meaning:

Will you continue to work after giving birth?

An adjective modifying a noun: Tara has theability to succeed.

Some verbs can be followed by an infinitive ora gerund, but with a change of meaning.