Page 1

F L U X U S A new way of conceiving the territory

Christopher Tor res Yetzi Tafoya


FLUXUS < < â&#x20AC;&#x153; To F l o w | F l u x > > A p r o p o s a l f o r a dy n a m i c a n d r e s i l i e n t s y s t e m f o r S a n M i g u e l de Allende.

C h r i s t o p h e r To r r e s Ye t z i Ta f o ya

Tr a n s l a t e d Ve r s i o n


Graduation Project 2016-2017 B a ch e l o r o f A r ch i t e c t u r e

Te c n o l o g i c o d e M o n t e r r e y S ch o o l o f D e s i g n , A r t a n d A r ch i t e c t u r e E DA A Queretaro, MX

S t u d i o A dv i s o r s

Arq. Agustín Solórzano Gil D r. R u b é n G a r n i c a M o n r o y MSc. Urb. Diana García Cejudo A r q . R o d r i g o Pa n t o j a C a l d e r ó n


6

Abstract FLUXUS

The aim of t his project is to perceive and plan t he landscape as a dynamic and resilient system, whic h t hrough par ticipator y processes and t he understanding of t he pr imogenial and agr icultural landscape, can conceive a new approac h to developing emerging urban centers in Guana juato, Mexico. This can be generated along t he understanding of t he actual water management and t he scarcity of t he resource in San Miguel de Allende (SMA). The proposal encourages t he undiscovered potentials of t he streams, ponds, wetlands and an old and unused water treatment plant. FLUXUS is associated wit h t he preser vation of endemic vegetation and wit h t he treatment and use of water in a place wit h t he potential to provide environmental ser vices to t he ter r itor y.

The proposal aims to make t he ter r itor y a place t hat people value and connect wit h. It questions how t he role of arc hitect-urbanist-designer would have to c hange to become a broad-based understander not only f or a project in its dif f erent scales but as an integrated and adaptable systems t hinker. Ter r itor ial systems suc h as FLUXUS can be an active agent in t he str uctur ing of a city. Proposes new ways of dealing wit h environmental problems as a tool to dr ive t he economic and social dynamics of San Miguel. Approac hes developing areas by a f lexible, receptive and adaptable way as t he society, ecological processes and t he city evolve

It includes public arc hitectural elements t hat become places t hat dignify and function as a window to dif f erent possibilities and ways of lear ning; t here, t he ter r itor y is an essential par t of t he process of t he community development.

EL C H ARCO DEL IN GENIO (BOTANIC AL GARDENS), 2011 Photo by: Spencer Tunic k


01

Chapter

T E L L M E A S TO RY

INTRODUCTION. AC T U A L DY NA M I C S

SAN MIGUEL IN NUMBERS

Po p u l a t i o n

General overview

City Ecology p. 12 p. 16

S O C I A L DY NA M I C S

E C O L O G I CA L DY NA M I C S

E C O N O M I C DY NA M I C S

Growth and culture

Wa t e r s h o r t a g e

What is important now?

p. 22

p. 30

p. 34

Chapter

02

SAN MIGUEL DE ALLENDE: L O CAT I O N O F S T U DY

SITE CONDITIONS A NA LY S I S

Th e p o t e n t i a l o f

Vi s i o n

the territory

p. 40

DESIGN PREMISES

Where are we going? p. 70

p. 44

T H E T E R R I TO RY A N D T H E IDEA


Chapter

03

T H E P RO J E C T: FLUXUS E X E M P L I F I CAT I O N OF THE SYSTEM A NA L O G O U S E X A M P L E S ¿FLUXUS? p. 84

COMMUNITY L I B R A RY

L AY E R E D COMPONENTS

PROJECTING I N TO T H E FUTURE

Pa r t s a n a l y s i s

SYSTEM S U S TA I NA B I L I T Y

p. 114 W hy i s i t s u s t a i n a b l e ?

S M A’s t e r r i t o r y i n t h e c o m i n g ye a r s

Fr o m t h e c o m m u n i t y, for the community

p. 158

p. 168

P U B L I C TO I L E T S

p. 106 Unusual typology

Chapter

04

p. 212

E Q UA L LY I M P O RTA N T INFORMATION: APENDIX

D O C U M E N T S A N D P H OTO G R A P H S Complements

p. 228

BIBLIOGRAPHY Credits

p. 54


Chapter 1

TELL ME A S TO RY


I N T RO D U C T I O N


14

FLUXUS <<FROM FIXED TO FLUCTUATING >>

Passing fr om defined to undefined, fr om consuming to cherishing .

FLUXUS is a ter r itor ial system t hat is shared between people, plants and animals habitats, and ecological processes. Is a place t hat people c her ish and to whic h an emotional bond is created. This system becomes a dynamic image of t he actual and future city. It reduces t he eager f or consum ption, and t heref ore, proposes a transf or mation in t he way t he landscape is f elt and lear ned. For as long as I can remember, my most valued memor ies are immersed in natural landscapes. Places in whic h t he boundar ies between f ixed and f lexible were almost non-existent. The beauty of t hose memor ies was created by t he sensations present in t hose moments. N ever t heless, t here was anot her not-so-magic par t present in t hose memor ies, in whic h what really was im por tant was to consume, t heref ore, damaging and fragmenting t he landscape. This came from a strong urge to possess, to mater ialize and to create: to make what was f lexible, f ixed. From t he last f ive years, arc hitecture has been f or me a cr itical space, in whic h a deep questioning from my c hildhood exper iences, and what t he academia proposes, began. A debate took place wit hin me: Should arc hitecture, development, and landscape be linked somehow and at a cer tain point? or t he arc hitectonic object was not hing more t hat a mere consum ption object, a f or m of acquisition and appropr iation of t he natural landscape. The ver y same landscape of my dearest memor ies…

WETL AND IN ‘L AS COLIN AS’ DAM El c harco del Ingeniero’ natural reser ve. Cataloged as peace zone in 2004


15


SAN MIGUEL IN NUMBERS


ILLUSTRATION

HIDDEN LANDSCAPES B Y: C H R I S T H O M P SON

Explanator y p ro j e ct of de co n s tr u cti o n and a r ra n g e m e n t o f f o r m a n d n a tu ra l l a n d s c a p e


.6 % Apase o

15 %

I ndu st r y

La j a r i ve r - C e l a ya

3 %

Co mmerce

5 % D o mest i c u se

8 %

43.3 %

250

La ja r iver - Peñuelit as

l i t er s o f wat e r p e r per so n da i l y

41.1 % I g n a ci o A l l e n d a d a m

85 %

1.2

a an C

A EU

M

di

ex

a

ic

ad

o

1.4

In

Ja

pa

n

d te ni U

C

hi

na

K

in

gd

om

Ri e go A g r í c o l a

1.5 2. 0 2.6

4. 8

7.2 Wat er a vai l a b i l i ty Per capi t a (m 3 / d a y )

P E R C A P I T A WAT E R AVA I L A B I L I T Y D I A G R A M ( M 3 / DAY )


HIDDEN LANDSCAPES I L LU S T R AT I O N B Y: C H R I S T H O M P S O N E x p l a n a t o r y p ro j e c t o f d e c o n s tr u c ti o n a n d a r ra n g e m e n t o f f o r m a n d n a tu ra l l a n d s c a p e


O ver-ex pl o i t a ti o n

Wa t er a vai l abi l i t y Po p u l a ti o n Wat er demand Wat e r d e f i c i t

1900

19 5 0

2000

2050

210 0

Po pu l at i o n g rowt h and wat e r a va i l a b i l i ty f o re ca s t

Su r f ace

10 m

1950

50 m

2000

150 m

2050

250 m

210 0

Wat er t abl e l eve l

WAT E R T A B L E L E V E L A N D RESOURCES USE DIAGRAM


S O C I A L DY N A M I C S


24


25

TERRITORY CONSUMERISM N eed o f ow n i n g, fra g m e n ti n g o r d a m a gi n g the territor y


26

Total population (thousands)

80 60 40 20 0

1965

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

Annual growth percentage

5.01

3.56

POPULATION GROWTH GRAPHIC

4.2

1.60


27

S M Aâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s g r o w t h p o p u l a t i o n

W H AT H A P P E N S W I T H T E R R I T O RY CONSUMPTION AND POPULATION G ROW T H ?

2000

2.42

2005

0.77

2010

2.39

2015

0.91

O n e o f t h e m a ny c h a lle n g e s S a n M ig u e l de A lle n d e f a c e s , is h a vin g a f lo a tin g pop u la tio n t h a t cre a t e s u p t o a we e k l y 60 0 % r is e in t h e in h a b it a n ts . T h is cre a t e s a c h a lle n g e in t h e f lu x m a n a g e m e n t a n d t he wa y t h e t e r r it o r y is b e in g c o n s u m e d . O n e o f t h e key a s p e c ts in t h e c o n s tr u c tio n o f s u s t a in a b le c itie s , is t o c o n s id e r b o t h t he n a tu ra l a n d t h e h u m a n s y s t e m s , t h e wa y in w h in t h e la tt e r a b u s e o r n o t o f t h e ea r t h , a n d t h e livin g c o n d itio n s t h a t o f f e r cer t a in q u a lity o f lif e . B e a r in g t h is in min d , S a n M ig u e l h a s a p o o r m a n a g e m e n t an d d is tr ib u tio n o f p o p u la tio n f lu x t h a t co u ld b e u s e a s a n im p o r t a n t a s s e t in restr u ctu r in g S a n M ig u e l d y n a m ic s , w h e re ne it h e r o f t h e t h re e f u n d a m e n t a l e le m e n ts o f s u s t a in a b ility is c o m p ro m is e d .


28

1810

H o u si ng D i spl acement

U r ban cent e r

U r b a n Li m i t

Establishment of San Miguel de A l l e n d e a s a n i m p o r t a n t tra d i n g, i n d u s tr i a l a n d a g r i cu l tu ra l ce n t e r. I t wa s a l s o a n i m p o r t a n t p o i n t i n t h e s i l ve r d i s tr i b u ti o n ro u t e .

Ru ral env i ro nmen t

1950 S a n M i gu e l d e A l l e n d e b e co m e s a n i m p o r t a n t t o u r i s ti c d e s ti n a ti o n , p rovi d i n g s a n ctu a r y t o n o r t h a m e r i c a n s o l d i e r s a f t e r t h e s e c o n d wo r l d wa r.

H o u si ng D i spl acement

U r ban cent er

U r b a n Li m i t

Ru ral env i ro nmen t

I n du s tr i a l z o n e

2000 I n cre a s e d p o p u l a ti o n grow t h i n t h e ci ty; T h e p o p u l a ti o n l i ve s m a i n l y i n r u ra l a re a s . T h e t o u r i s t q u a l i ty o f t h e s i t e i s s tre n g t h e n e d . H o u si ng D i spl acement

U r ban cent er

U r b a n Li m i t

Ru ral env i ro nmen t

I n du s tr i a l z o n e


29

2017 Te r r i t o r i a l ex p a n s i o n t owa rd s t h e o u ts k i r ts o f t h e ci ty. Re a l e s t a t e d eve l o p m e n ts s e ts t h e a g e n d a f o r S a n M i g u e l â&#x20AC;&#x2122; s grow t h d y n a m i c s . H o u si ng

Urban center

Transf o r med ho u s i n g

U r ban L i mi t

D i spl acemen t

I ndu st r i al zo ne

Ru ra l e nvi ro n m e n t

E x pansi o n p l a n

2100 N ew s u b u r b an ce n t e r s c re ati o n a n d d i s p l a c e m e n t o f p o p u l a ti o n t owa rd s t h e m . Tra n s f o r m a ti o n o f t h e ci ty â&#x20AC;&#x2122; s m a i n s q u a re .

H o u si ng U r ban L i mi t I ndu st r i al zo ne

Urban center

Transf o r med ho u s i n g D i spl acemen t

Ru ra l e nvi ro n m e n t

E x pansi o n pl a n

Demolished housing

2200 T h e o r i gi n a l l a n d s c a p e o f S a n M i g u e l d i s a p p e a r s t o b e c o m e a ci ty w i t h m a ny u r b a n c e n t e r s w h i c h a re c h a ra c t e r i z e d by h i gh l eve l s o f p o l l u ti o n . Transf o r med ho u si ng D i spl acement

U r ban c e n t e r E x pansi o n p l a n

U r b a n Li m i t TERRITORIAL

GROWTH

DIAGRAM

Po p u l a ti o n g row t h ove r vi ew c o n s i d e r i n g t h e c u r re n t ex p a n s i o n s y s t e m


ECOLOGICAL DY N A M I C S


32


33

BEFORE ITâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;S TOO LATE

SMA f aces n ati ve l a n d a n d ve ge t a ti o n p ro b l e m s


ECONOMIC DY N A M I C S


36


37

DECISIONS Percep t i o n

and

possible San Miguel s ce n a r i o s co l l a g e


Chapter 2

T H E T E R R I TO RY AND THE IDEA


S M A P E R I F E RY: P L AC E O F I N T E RV E N T I O N


42

S

AN MIGUEL DE ALLENDE, G UA NA J UA TO

U n d e r s t a n d i n g t h e c i t y ’s m e t a b o l i s m

T H E P E R I P H E RY O F S M A S a n M ig u e l d e A lle n d e is s t a r tin g t o ex p e r ie n c e t h e p h e n o m e n o n o f a co n t e m p o ra r y city t h a t ex t e n d s b eyo n d it ow n lim its , cre a tin g a d ire c t im p a c t in t e r r it o r ia l ex p lo it a tio n a n d in t h e p o llu tio n t h a t g row s a s tim e p a s s e s by. T h is m e a n s t h a t t h e re a n in cre a s e in t h e e c o lo g ic a l f o o tp r in t, co n s id e re d t o in d ic a t e e c o n o m ic , s o c ia l a n d e nviro n m e n t a l d is e q u ilib r iu m .

SATELLITE IMAGE OF SAN MIGUEL DE ALLENDE HIGHLIGHTING ALLENDE DAM AND THE LAGOON ADJACENT TO THE SITE OF ANALYSIS.

Ac co rd in g t o S a l va do r Ru e d a in its a r tic le ‘ U n a p e rs p e c tiva h o lís tic a d e l f e n ó m e n o u rb a n o’ t h e re is n o c ity t h a t is s e lf -s u f f ic ie n t, b u t t h e u rb a n m a n a g e m e n t m o d e l ca n re d u ce in a s ig n if ica tive a m o u n t t h e p re s s u re p u t in t h e la n d s ca p e a n d t h e e nviro n m e n t.


SITE CONDITIONS A N A LY S I S


WORKING

SCALES

FOR SITE ANALYSIS


SAN MIGUEL

POLYGON

TERRITORY


48

0 KM

2

4

2

4

6

8

10

HOUSING DENSITY

6

8


49

10

12

Inclusion and feasibility?

HOUSING DENSITY T h e u rb a n a re a â&#x20AC;&#x2122; s g row t h in S a n M ig u e l d e A l le n d e h a s in f lu e n ce d in g re a t m e a s u re by t h e r is e in t h e co s t o f t h e s q u a re m e tre i n t h e m a in s q u a re o f t h e city, m a k in g t h e o u ts k ir ts o f t h e c ity t h e m o s t via b le s o lu tio n f o r t h e low in c o m e p o p u la tio n . N eve r t h e le s s , t h e g re a t e m p loya b ility pe rc e n t a g e is lo c a t e d in t h e c e n t e r o f t h e m u n icip a lity, C o u ld u rb a n p la n n in g b e a t o o l t o re s o l ve t h e s o cio e co n o m ic g a p i s s u e s , s p e cif ic a ll y in re la tio n t o h o u s in g f o r t h e p e o p le in S a n M ig u e l?

ESC 1:60 500


50

0 KM

2

4

2

4

6

8

10

DEMOGRAPHICS

6

8


51

10

12

DEMOGRAPHICS Ac co rd in g t o t h e N a tio n a l I n s titu t e o f G e o g ra p hy a n d S t a tis tic s , t h e m a in eco n o m ic s o u rc e o f t h e city s in c e 19 5 0 ha s b e e n t o u r is m . I t s t a r t e d w it h t h e ar r iva l o f n o r t h a m e r ica n s o ld ie rs lo o k in g f o r a s y lu m a f t e r t h e s e co n d wo r ld wa r, an d co n tin u e s t o b e t h e d r ivin g f o rc e i n t h e e c o n o m ic d eve lo p m e n t o f t h e m u n icip a lity. N on e t h e le s s , t h e f low o f re s o u rc e s f o r t he h e r it a g e z o n e s h a s b e e n s o h ig h , t h a t t he p e r ip h e r y h a s b e e n le f t w it h o u t eve n b a s ic in f ra s tr u ctu re . Wh a t s h o u ld b e t h e m a in f o c u s o f i nve s tm e n t in S a n M ig u e l d e A lle n d e ? Wh a t wo u ld it h a p p e n if t h e c ity wa s t hou g h t a s a f u n c tio n in g s y s t e m in s t e a d o f is o la t e d e le m e n ts ?

ESC 1:60 500


52

0 KM

2

2

4

6

8

10

C O S T P E R S QUA R E M E T R E

4

6

8


53

10

12

C O S T P E R S Q UA R E M E T R E

ESC 1:60 500


54

0 KM

2

4

2

4

6

8

10

PUBLIC TRANSPORT

6

8


55

10

12

PUBLIC TRANSPORT P u blic tra n s p o r t a tio n is o n e o f t h e ma ny a s p e cts in t h e a n a l y s is o f u rb a n deve lo p m e n t. I ts m a in f u n c tio n s h o u ld b e t o b e n e f it t h e m o s t in n e e d , b u t in S a n M ig u e l, p u b lic tra n s p o r t f u n c tio n s in t h e cen tra l a re a o f t h e city, in w h ic h t h e i n h a b it a n ts h a ve a h ig h in co m e a n d d o n o t u s e it. T h is p h e n o m e n o n br in g s co n s e q u e n ce s s u c h a s in c re a s e in p o llu tio n leve ls d u e t o t he r is e in t h e u s e o f p r iva t e ve h ic le s , f ew i nve s tm e n t in u s e r f o cu s e d p la n n in g , a n d pre f e re n ce f o r c a rs in s t e a d o f d e s ig n e d s p a ce s f o r p e de s tr ia n u s e .

ESC 1:60 500


56

0 KM

2

4

2

4

6

8

10

BASIC SERVICES

6

8


57

10

12

Quality or quantity?

BA S I C S E RV I C E S How d o e s S a n M ig u e l d e A lle n d e pre t e n d s t o b e c o m e a n d in c lu s ive c ity wh e n its p r io r itie s a re d ire ct e d by a s m a ll g ro u p t h a t is f o cu s e d in a p p rova l ra tin g s an d t h e re a liz a tio n o f p ro je c ts f o c u s e d o n q u a n tity a n d n o t in q u a lity ? Wh a t wo u ld it b e t h e me t h o d t o c h a n g e t h is ai r p o r ts a re b u ilt n ex t w it h n o s ewe r

ESC 1:6 500

p ro je ct, a n d its re a lity in w h ic h t o a c o m m u n ity system?


58

SAN MIGUEL DE ALLENDE RESTRUCTURING PLAN Uses-act i v i t i es pro g ram o f t he 7 5 a c re s pol y g o n


59

Master

plan â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Re-imagining Miguel de Allendeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;

San

A NEW VISION FOR A CRITICAL P O LYG O N O F T H E C I T Y

A s f irs t p a r t o f t h e p ro je c t, a p ro ce s s o f an a l y s is , c o m p re h e n s io n a n d d e s ig n o f a cr i tica l p o l y g o n o f t h e p e r ip h e r y o f S a n M ig u e l d e A lle n d e wa s m a d e . T h is a re a is s u r ro u n d e d by two co n tra s tin g are a s ; o n o n e h a n d is ju s t t e n m in u t e s a wa y f ro m t h e t o u r is tic z o n e , w h ic h h a s a low o f t o u r is ts 6 0 0 % b ig g e r t h a n t h e o r ig in a l p o p u la tio n , a n d o n t h e o t h e r ha n d is n ex t t o a h ig h l y m a rg in a liz e d a re a w it h ve r y low e d u ca tio n a l leve l. T h e Re -im a g in in g S a n M ig u e l p la n s a w a t e r r it o r y w it h m ixe d u s e s , d ivid e d by t wo n e ig h b o u r h o o d s t h a t a d a p t e d t o t he p revio u s ex is tin g o n e s . I t a im s t o be re s p o n s ive t o im p rove t h e ex is tin g co n d itio n s o f t h e p o l y g o n .


60

Centro Cultural A

Ludic Park

Estaciรณn Multimodal

Waste collection center A

Canchas A

Solar park A

Housing Zone C

Cultural Center B

Paseo Urban Orchard

Sports facilities

Commercial zone

Rehabilitaciรณn Parque B

Retirement house + Nursery

JAIL

Park A

Commercial zone

Housing Zone B Sports Area A

Public Space Park Flooding park Centro de Recolecciรณn B

SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM OF PROGRAMS RELATION

Fair Forum

Urban art gallery


61

Urban art gallery

Working zone

Park

Collaborative center B

Mixed use building

Mixed use building

Sports Fields B

Library

Theater Commercial zone

Technological park

Solar park C

Museum

Retirement house

Students dorms

Hotel

Solar parkC

Housing Zone B

Sports Area A

Terminal AĂŠrea

Public Plaza

Collaborative center

Housing Zone A

Air Hangar

Multi-transport Station


VALOR COMUNITARIO

PROGRAMA 23:00

:00

0:00

1:00

RECREACIÓN

2:00

22

0

PASEO PEATONAL

0

3:0

:0

21

17:00

6:00 7:00

18:00

5:00

19:00

20

:00

4:00

16

:00

8:00

PISTA DE CORRER

ÁREA DE ESCALAR ÁREA DE JUEGOS

0 :0 15

10

:00

12:00

11:00

1:00

ÁREA DEPORTIVA

0

0:00

Lás áreas deportivas y de recreación forma parte de la identidad del polígono. Su conservación y mejora, resulta un punto clave para la continuidad de la cohesión e integración de la comunidad.

ÁREA DE EJERCICIO

9:0

:00

14

13:00 23:00

:00

INDUSTRIA

2:00

22

0

0

3:0

:0

21

Y DEPORTE

CICLOVÍA

17:00

6:00 7:00

18:00

5:00

19:00

20

:00

4:00 PARQUE TECNOLÓGICO

Como parte de la propuesta sustentable, la parte económica y social se ve beneficiada por la introducción de industria enfocada a la capacitación y desarrollo del Sanmiguelense.

INDUSTRIA

16

:00

8:00

:0

0

9:0

15

0

10

12:00

11:00

0:00

1:00

:00

:00

14

13:00 23:00

:00

ESPACIO PÚBLICO

2:00

22

0

0

3:0

:0

21

17:00

6:00 7:00

18:00

5:00

19:00

20

:00

4:00

ESTACIÓN MULTIMODAL

La red de espacios públicos funciona como un conector entre espacios con diferentes programas. Además de tener como premisa su función lúdica para el usuario.

PLAZA PÚBLICA EXPLANADA ESPACIOS DE DESCANSO

16

:00

8:00

:0

0

9:0

15

0

10

11:00

12:00 0:00

1:00

:00

:00

14

13:00 23:00

:00

2:00

22

0

CULTURAL

Descentralización de la oferta artística de San Miguel de Allende, reinterpretada al modus vivendi de la población del polígono Proyectos que brindan un espacio de diversidad de expresión e identidad.

ÁREA DE ESTUDIANTES

17:00

6:00 7:00

18:00

5:00

19:00

20

:00

4:00

16

:00

8:00

ESPACIOS TRABAJO COMÚN CENTRO DE COLABORACIÓN GUARDERÍA INTEGRACIÓN SOCIAL

:0

0

9:0

15

10

:00

12:00

11:00

1:00

LUDOTECA

0

0:00

2:00

:00

14

13:00

3:0

ANFITEATRO

0

RECINTO FERIAL

17:00

6:00 7:00

18:00

5:00

19:00

20

:00

4:00

GALERÍA DE ARTE URBANO GALERÍA DE USO MIXTO CENTRO CULTURAL

16

:00

8:00

MUSEO

:0

0

9:0

15

0

10

11:00

12:00

:00

14

13:00

23:00

0:00

:00

:00

1:00

22

0

2:00

TIENDAS

3:0

:0

COMERCIAL Y SERVICIOS

Generación de nuevos empleos. Apertura a un nuevo nodo importante de la ciudad. Fomento de usos mixtos para un programa de rango de horario más extendido

HABITACIONAL

Vivienda digna y con enfoque sustentable. Disminución de la dispersión del perímetro de contención urbana. Propuesta de diseño con área verde y espacio público integrado

BARES

0

21

Impulso temprano y continuo al desarrollo humano mediante espacios dedicados a atender el rezago educativo y la corta percepción de futuro laboral.

0

23:00

:00

22

0

:0

21

EDUCATIVO BIBLIOTECA

3:0

:0

21

20

:00

4:00

17:00

6:00 7:00

18:00

5:00

19:00

CENTRO DE RECOLECCIÓN DE RESIDUOS

16

:00

8:00

TRABAJO MERCADO

15

10

12:00

11:00

0:00

1:00

:00

13:00 23:00

0

:0

0

9:0

:00

14 :00

22

DORMITORIO PARA ESTUDIANTES

2:00 0

3:0

0

:0

21

HOTEL GUARDERÍA ADULTOS

17:00

6:00 7:00

18:00

5:00

19:00

20

:00

4:00 ZONA HABITACIONAL USOS MIXTOS

16

:00

8:00

15

10

11:00

12:00

1:00

ÁREAS VERDES

2:00 FITODEPURACIÓN

0

4:00

13:00

:00

14

17:00

6:00 7:00

18:00

5:00

19:00

20

:00

0:00

:00

23:00

0

:0

0

9:0

:00

22

3:0

0

:0

21

E X P L O D E D D R AW I N G MASTER PLAN PROGRAM AND USES

16

:00

8:00 9:0

00

PARQUE INUNDABLE PARQUE SOLAR PARQUE HURTO URBANO PARQUE ENDÉMICO

Arterias verdes como estructura de unión y cohesión de todos los espacios de la propuesta. Fomentan sistemas de reciclaje, re-uso de agua, captación de energía, entre otros; que proponen una nueva forma de concepción de la ciudad como metabolism urbano.


:00

23:00

0:00

1:00

22

0

2:00

TIENDAS

3:0

:0

COMERCIAL Y SERVICIOS

Generación de nuevos empleos. Apertura a un nuevo nodo importante de la ciudad. Fomento de usos mixtos para un programa de rango de horario más extendido

HABITACIONAL

Vivienda digna y con enfoque sustentable. Disminución de la dispersión del perímetro de contención urbana. Propuesta de diseño con área verde y espacio público integrado.

ÁREAS VERDES

Arterias verdes como estructura de unión y cohesión de todos los espacios de la propuesta. Fomentan sistemas de reciclaje, re-uso de agua, captación de energía, entre otros; que proponen una nueva forma de concepción de la ciudad como metabolismo urbano.

BARES

0

21

20

:00

4:00

17:00

6:00 7:00

18:00

5:00

19:00

CENTRO DE RECOLECCIÓN DE RESIDUOS

TRABAJO

:00

8:00

16

HOTEL GUARDERÍA ADULTOS

MERCADO

:0

0

9:0

15

0

10

12:00

11:00

:00

14

13:00 23:00

0:00

1:00

:00

:00

2:00

22

0

3:0

0

:0

21

DORMITORIO PARA ESTUDIANTES

17:00

6:00 7:00

18:00

5:00

19:00

20

:00

4:00 ZONA HABITACIONAL USOS MIXTOS

16

:00

8:00

:0

0

9:0

15

0

10

12:00

11:00

13:00 23:00

0:00

1:00

:00

:00

14

:00

2:00

22

3:0

0

FITODEPURACIÓN

0

:0

21

17:00

6:00 7:00

18:00

5:00

19:00

20

:00

4:00

PARQUE INUNDABLE

HURTO URBANO

16

:00

8:00

PARQUE ENDÉMICO

:0

0

9:0

15

0

10

12:00

11:00

13:00

23:00

0:00

1:00

:00

:00

14

:00

22

0

AERÓDROMO

2:0

0 0

3:0

:0

21

PARQUE SOLAR PARQUE

AERODROMO

17:00

6:00 7:00

18:00

5:00

19:00

20

0

:00

4:0

Consideración de área de protección del aeródromo San Juan y su vinculación con los proyectos a desarrollar dentro del polígono.

16

0

:00

8:0

:0

0

9:0

15

0

11:00

12:00 0:00

:00

13:00

:00

14

23:00

10

:00

1:00

22

CAPTACIÓN DE AGUA

2:00 0

3:0

0

:0

21

17:00

6:00 7:00

18:00

5:00

19:00

20

:00

4:00

16

:00

8:00 0

:0

0

9:0

15

CAPTACIÓN DE AGUA

Red de captación de agua pluvial a través del poligono considerando pendientes naturales y tratamiento por medio de sistemas de fitodepuración, cuyo uso sería para servicios dentro del polígono.

10

:00

11:00

12:00

13:00

:00

14


64

.5

0

1

1.5

KM

.5

1

SCALE 1:1400 Site

Co mmerci al s pace

Cu l tu ral s pace Ind u s tr y

Ed u cati on a l cent er

Pu b l i c s er v i ce Pa r k s

Housing

N a tu r a l l a n d

TYPOLOGIES


65

.5

0

1

1.5

KM

.5

1

SCALE 1:1400 Pu b lic s pace

Urb an eq u ip m ent

Pu bl i c s er v i ces

S er v i ces

Hou s i ng

C o m m er ce a n d C u l tu r a l s er v i ces eq u i p m en t

LAND USE


66

.5

0

1.5

1

KM

.5

2

3

1

SCALE 1:1400

1 T he s it e

Main

S econd ar y

Mi nor

1 Q u eretar o ’s hi g hway

2 D r. M o r a ’s h i g h way

3 Avenu e to d own town

ROADS HIERARCHY


67

.5

0

1

1.5

KM

.5

1

SCALE 1:1400

T he s it e

Pedestri an

Cycl i s t

Pu bl i c trans por t

Au tom ov i l

MOBILITY


68

.5

0

1

1.5

KM

.5

1

SCALE 1:1400

Pu b lic Sp ace

Natu ral Land

Col l ective Pl aces

Private Pl aces

Park i ng

P U B L I C A N D P R I VA T E S PA C E


69

POLYGONâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;S AERIAL VIEW


DESIGN PREMISES


72

L

E A R N I N G F RO M T H E T E R R I TO RY

Design premises The territory narrated by the experiences it provides. The t er r i t o r y nar rat ed by t he ex p e r i e n c e s i t p rovi d e s . In o rder t o u nder st and t he t er r i t o r y as a m e t a b o l i s m i n w h i c h t h e e co l o g i c a l pro cesses, t he cl i mat i c co ndi t i o ns, t he so ci al o r ga n i z a ti o n a n d t h e cu l tu ra l i n f l u e n c e in t er vene and co m pl ement eac h o t her, i t wa s n e c e s s a r y t o d o c u m e n t ce r t a i n sensat i o ns g i ven by t he pl ace, t hese t o o we re u s e fu l a s a s t a r ti n g p o i n t t o d e s i gn t h e pl ace as a syst em and no t o nl y a pi ece o f l a n d . To c o m p l e m e n t t h i s d y n a m i c , o t her ex per i ences desi red as a real i t y i n t he fu tu re , we re a d d e d t o t h e l i s t. Pre m i s e s t ho u g ht t o enhance t he wa y o f l ear ni n g a n d p e rce i vi n g t h e t e r r i t o r y.


73

Wa l k i n g i n c i r c l e s Ci rcu l at i o ns t hat enco u rag e a co n s t a n t m ove m e n t and rej ect t he l i f el ess co r r i d o r s . Pa r t o f t h e i d e a o f f l u i di t y i n any eco l o g i cal p ro ce s s we f o u n d , eve n t ho u g h i t mi g ht be co m pl ex , i s a l wa y s f o r m u l a t e d t hro u g h pro ces s â&#x20AC;&#x2122; ci rcl e s .


74

Entering and exiting without noticing J u st l i ke i n t he nat u ra l e nvi ro n m e n ts , t h e ent rances and ex i t s o f t he p l a ce s a re p ra c ti c a l l y i m percep t i bl e. The same wa y, p u b l i c a n d p r i va t e spaces mer g e i nt o o ne w i t h o u t d i s ti n c ti o n s .

Wa t e r o v e r h e r e a n d o v e r t h e r e A t er r i t o r y t hat i nv i t es t o va l u e t h e re s o u rce o f wat er t hro u g h t he ex per i en c e o f we tl a n d s , n a ti ve speci es, t hei r u nder st andi n g a n d t h e i r e m o ti o n a l i nsi g ht s .


75

Can we go there? FLUX US resu l t s as a l andscap e o f d re a m s , f a n t a s i e s and abst ract u t o pi as i n whi c h t h e p u re s t t h o u gh ts and sensat i o ns are par t o f t h e u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f t he syst e m .


76

Observe, touch, learn To t al l y pu bl i c arc hi t ect u ra l ty p o l o gi e s , w h i c h i nv i t es t he co mmu ni t y t o u s e t h e m , ex p e r i e n c e t hem, and l ear n f ro m t hem a l o n g w i t h t h e t e r r i t o r y t hat f o r ms par t o f a s i n g l e e n ti ty.

What a beautiful tree! A space t hat i s val u ed by t h e c o m m u n i ty f o r t h e env i ro nment al ser v i ces i t provi d e s . Ad d i ti o n a l l y i t i s a co m pendi u m o f na ti ve s p e ci e s f o r t h e i r di scover y and ap p re ci a ti o n .


77

Arm and disarm Spaces wi t h pro g rammat i c i n d e t e r m i n a cy t h a t al l ow t o do and u ndo acc o rd i n gl y t o t h e n e e d s o f t he u s e r.


78

Labrynths Ci rcl i ng s, pat hs and ro ads re s p o n d i n g t o s p e c i f i c needs and st rat eg i c no des i n a n d o u ts i d e o f t h e t er r i t o r y, creat i ng so me t hi n g m u c h m o re l a by r i n t h l i ke t han a st rai g ht ro ad w h e re t h e t e r r i t o r y i s ex per i enced a n d l i ve d .

Shhh FLUX US creat es spaces t hat b r i n g i n n e r p e a c e , a n d al l ow t o appreci at e t he t hi n gs i n fro n t o f e a c h o n e of us


79

My city park A l ear ni ng pl ace f o r San M i gu e l d e A l l e n d e â&#x20AC;&#x2122; s co mmu ni t y. Creat ed f o r an d by t h e m , b e c o m e s a new i dent i t y i co n o f env i ro n m e n t a l , e c o n o m i c a n d so ci al va l u e .


80

W h oâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s i n c h a r g e ? Al l i m po r t ance g i ven t o hi e ra rc h i e s i s re m ove d , resu l t i ng i nt o a so ci al l y and e nvi ro n m e n t a l l y f a i r.

Glow without comparison W i t hi n t he arc hi t ect o ni c ty p o l o gi e s , p e r ti n e n t nat u ral reso u rces are u sed t o a s s e m b l e t h e m t o t h e t er r i t o r y as a g ro u p .


Inviting friends over FLUX US i s a demo crat i zi n g p l a ce , t h a t t e a c h e s and t hat br i ng s co l l ect i ve b e n e f i ts . W i t h o u t co l l ect i veness, t here cann o t ex i s t t h e t e r r i t o r y.


Chapter 3

T H E P RO J E C T: FLUXUS


TERRITORIAL SYSTEM


86

La villete Rem Koolhaas

ANALOGOUS EXAMPLE

The Par isian urban development program was ver y ambitious, leaving almost no space f or a par k . The project proposed by Koolhaas is not a def initive par k , but a met hod t hat combines an indeter minacy of program wit h arc hitectural specif icity, where eventually a par k will be generated.

Programa Landscape 198 400 m2 Par king 17 800 m2 Museum/ Galler y 13 000 m2

Area : 26 hectares Operation: 4 layers 1. Bands: Accommodate areas and avoid program concentration. They go from west to east. Guarantee per meability. 2. Conf etti: Elements of small scale, create unity, appear wit h some frequency. Ex. Kiosco, playground, stands, bars. 3. Accesses and circulations: Intersect bands from nor t h to sout h. Connect meaningful places. 4. Final layer : Unique or ver y large main elements com position. Helps to def ine limits wit hout being in t he per imeter.

Leisure 11 200 m2 Restaurant - Bar 10 300 m2 Ser vices 8 600 m2 Leisure 8600 m2 Retail 6600 m2

PARC L A VILLETE REM KOO LH AAS Non winning proposal f or a par k in Par is, France.


88

Quinli Turenscape

ANALOGOUS EXAMPLE

Turenscapeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s strategy is to transf or m t he dying wetland into an urban stor mwater par k , whic h will provide multiple ecosystems ser vices f or t he new community. The design solutions include t he use of sim ple cut-and-f ill tec hnique to create a nec klace of ponds-and-mounds sur rounding t he f or mer wetland. While leaving a ma jor core of t he wetland untouc hed and lef t alone f or natural evolution

Programa Landscape 262 000 m2 Skywalk/platf or ms 30 000 m2 Leisure 8000 m2

Area : 30 hectares Operation: 4 strategies 1. Natural nucleus: The central par t of t he wetland remains intact and is released to its natural process of evolution and transf or mation. 2. Outer r ing: Create collar of ponds and mounds sur rounding t he ancient wetland using sim ple cutting and stuf f ing tec hniques. 3. Roads and platf or ms: N etwor k of roads in ground f loor allowing direct contact wit h nature. 4. Upper level above t he natural landscape: The platf or ms, pavilions and obser vation towers are located in t he mounds of t he par k .

Q UINLI S TORM WATER WETL AND PARK Wetland par k and storage and water treatment system.


90

Urban metabolism Field operations+FABRIcations

ANALOGOUS EXAMPLE

The investigation and wor k is guided by t he speculation of some strategic and programmatic movements, t hat suggest testing dif f erent scenar ios f or t he por t of t he city of Rotterdam f or t he 21st centur y. Wit hin t hese speculations an urban heat networ k from industr ial waste f or use in residences and public spaces is included. Also t he reintegration of unused por ts to com plement t he ecological matr ix of Rotterdam

Area: City of Rotterdam Its proposal is divided in 4 analysis zones and seeks to solve or help t he problematic. 1. Waste (land) + N ew mater ial economies 2. Energy circuits + Ar tif icial ecologies 3. Genetic systems + multiagent networ ks 4. Exc hange ter minals + responsive infrastr uctures

URBAN M ETABO LISM Proposal f or t he investigation and exhibition biennale in Rotterdam.


94

Par t of the network T h e t e r r i t o r y i s u n de r s t o o d a s a s m a l l p a r t o f t h e c o m m u n i t a r i a n wa t e r a c ti o n p l a n i n s a n M i gu e l , w h i c h i nvo l ve s p o t e n ti a l z o n e s f o r wa t e r tre a tm e n t.

Continuous M o re t h a n b e i n g a m e re o b s t a c l e , r u n o f fs p re s e n t i n t h e p o l y go n f o r m a fu n d a m e n t a l p a r t o f t h e p ro j e ct â&#x20AC;&#x2122; s fu n c ti o n i n g .

Ci rcu l at i o ns respect i ng nat u ral f l ow o f wat er

the

Subtle movements

S u b tl e c h a n g e s i n t o p o gra p hy t o p rovi d e n ew d y n a m i c p ro c e s s e s t h a t i m p rove a n d b e n e f i t t h e e nvi ro n m e n t.


20 m 15 m

To

6 m

understand territory

the

The landscape and a dynamic and c h a n gi n g e l e m e n t, i n fu n c ti o n a n d in form Veg e t at i o n o r i ent ed t o c re a t e shadow i n t he space.

Connection point T h e Te r r i t o r y fu n c ti o n s a s a co m p l e m e n t a r y n ex u s b e twe e n t h e u s e s a n d p ro g ra m s t o w h o m i t h a s i m m e d i a t e re l a ti o n s w i t h .

D i rect Access espl anad e s

Building together T h e p ro j e c t a n d m a i n tr i gg e r o f co l l e cti ve p a r ti ci p a ti o n , i n w h i c h t h e u s e r i s t h e m a i n c re a t o r a n d manager of the territor y

E x pressi o n

spaces f o r maki ng .

de c i s i o n

WHY FLUXUS?


S a n M i g u e l d e A l l e n d eâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s e c o l o g i c a l problem

H y dro l og y

E co syst em l o ss

Ru n o fs

G a r b a ge S o l i d re s i d u e s Po l l u t a n ts

Po l l u t i o n H i st o r i c u s e

L i mi t ed wa t e r access

D E S I G N BA S E : WAT E R A N D N AT U R A L RUNOFFS PROBLEM IN THE TERRITORY


Wat er bo dy

Fa i r re ci nt P ublic m i n i st r y P GJ

C i ty ha l l l

V i si t o r s Inf or mati on cen t er

Visuals

Nodes

Connections

UNDERSTANDING

C o n n e c ti o n s

THE TERRITORY

a n d vi s u a l d i a gra m f o r fu r t h e r d e s i g n d e ci s i o n s .


98

W i l d ve g e t a ti o n

Wa t e r b o d i e s c o n n e c t i o n s

N e a re s t e n tra n ce

Ter

Sunning Built element


99

Natural landscape view

r r it or y N earest ent rance

R e l a t i o n w i t h S M Aâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s f a i r

N at u ral r u no f f B ui l t elem e nt

Natural landscape view

KEY ELEMENTS DIAGRAM Key el emen t f o r s p a ce d e s i gn a s F LU X U S co m p l e m e n t a r y p a r t


100

C o nne ct io ns a na l y s is

Pa t hs

Po t e nt ia l no d e s


Es p l a n a des

Wind

S u nni ng

Wat e r b o d i e s

N a tura l con d i ti on s

Veg e t a ti on

LOCATION AND EMPLACEMENT OF THE ELEMENTS IN THE TERRITORY


102


103

MASTER PLAN


104

Ca lm zone

Pa r king

Sigh tin g zone

Par king

S

Cult ural Cent er Con n ect ion Esplanade Con n ect ion wit h Housin g

Esplana

Library + Café L as C olon ias Dam

Wa t er Bod y

We t l a n d Esplana de

Publ

Ter race

Paths Natural Landscape Sigh tseeing spo t

Sigh t in g zon e

Esplana de

Calm Zone

PGJ

S PAT I A L R E L AT I O N S NETWORK DIAGRAM

Visitor


105

S c u l p t ure z o ne

Flexi bl e f o r u m

Fl exi ble f or um

de

Spatial relations network

San M iguel Fair

WHY NOT DEFINE A PROGRAM? E s planade

Recreat ion al area

T h e in t e n tio n t o ke e p a p ro g ra m w h ic h ne two r k s m u ltip l y ex p o n e n tia ll y is b a s e d o n t h e id e a o f co -c re a tio n w it h t h e co m m u n ity.

i c To i l e t s B us S t op

Far m ers M ar ke t

Es plana de

Ext e r i o r Galler y

We tland

Center

T h is cre a t e d va lu e a n d a s e n s e o f id e n tity wi t h t h e t e r r it o r y c re a t e d d ire ctl y o r i n d ire ctl y w it h h e u s e rs . Wo r k in g w it h t hi s ty p e o f m o d e l, t h e p ro g ra m b e co m e s as f lu id a s t h e d y n a m ics a n d n e e d s o f t h e p o p u la tio n re q u ire d .


S U S TA I N A B I L I T Y O F T H E P RO J E C T


108

E

N V I RO N M E N TA L

FLUXUS and its environmental components F LUX US i s a t er r i t o r i al s y s t em t h a t b a s e d its d e s ig n a n d st rat eg y i n t he under s t an di ng o f e c o lo g ic a l p ro c e s s e s a n d t he h abi t at s o f pl an t s and an im a ls . I t is f o cu s e d o n t h e f l ux an d t he un der s t andi n g o f ra inwa t e r a n d t h e s ca rc ity o f t he res o urces i n S an M i g ue l is t h e d e p a r tu re p o in t in t he pro j ec t deve lo p m e n t. T he unt o uc h ed n at i ve veg e t at i on is a key c o m p o n e n t in t h e treat m ent o f rai nwat er i n s i de a s p a ce w it h t h e p o t e n tia l t o prov i de, wi t h t h e Co l i nas D a m a n d t h e tre a tm e n t p la n t, env i ro n ment al s er v i ces t o t h e m u n ic ip a lity. T hes e t y pe o f s t rat eg i es ant i cip a t e a s e r ie s o f p o s s ib le fu t ures , t hat co ul d appear in re s p o n s e t o p o t e n tia l env i ro nm ent al c hang es . F LUX U S a im s t o g e n e ra t e a n ew st r uct ure o f t h e nat ural co m pe titio n o f p la n t s p e c ie s t h a t al l ow c h an g e, adap t ability, a n d re s ilie n ce .


Colorado River The l andscapes t hat appear w h e n h u m a n a n d n atu ra l dynami cs i nt er sect . The Co l o ra d o R i ve r a n d i ts b ra n c h e s su r ro u nded by agr i cu l tu ra l l a n d.


110

S

ocial

FLUXUS y sus componentes sociales T he pro po s al am bi t i o ns t o c han g e t h e t e r r it o r y in a p la c e t hat peo pl e val ue and c o nn e c t w it h it e m o tio n a ll y. A sy s t em t h at de t er s t he des i re t o co n s u m e a n d t h e re f o re pro po s es a c hang e i n t h e wa y p e o p le f e e l a n d le a r n a b o u t t he t er r i t o r y. In t h i s l i ne, t he l i brar y, t he s t r u c tu re , a n d t h e e s p la n a d e s f os t er s o c i al i nt erac t i o n s e e k in g t o s tre n g t h e n t h e co m mun i t y f abr i c . T he co - crea tio n o f t h e p ro je c ts is a neces s ar y prem i s e t o ro o t t hem in t h e t e r r it o r y, a llow in g so c i al c o hes i o n am o ng n ei g hbo rs , w h ic h re s u lts in a b e tt e r o r g an i z at i o n an d mo re co mm u n ity p a r ticip a tio n in t h e im provement o f t h e t er r i t o r y f or a p e rs o n a l a n d c o lle ctive ben ef it. F LUX US t akes i n t o acc o unt h u m a n s y s t e m s a s we ll a s nat ural s y s t em s , wi t h t he o bj e ctive t o b u ild s u s t a in a b le ci t i es t h at do n â&#x20AC;&#x2122; t abus e t he l an d a n d o f f e r g o o d lif e q u a lity t h ro ug h t he s o ci o ec on o m ic f ro n tie rs . In t hes e pro j ec t , t h e ro l e o f t he a rc h it e c t/ u rb a n is t c h a n g e s t o bec o m e t h e pro ducer o f pro je cts in a b ro a d e r s e n s e , wh i c h func t i o n i s act i vat ed as t h e co n d itio n s re q u ire , a n d as t h es e i n t erc o n nec t ed s y s t e m s g row a n d a d a p t.


Non-stop city D ra wi ng by And re a B ra n z i


112

E

conomic

FLUXUS and its economic components Ai mi n g t o g enerat e a s ens e o f a p p re c ia tio n a n d c a re f o r t he t er r i t o r y, t h e pro j ect pre t en d s t o m a ke a co -inve s tm e n t wi t h t he c o mmun i t y. T hro ug h s e lf -o rg a n iz e d eve n ts , t h e co m mun i t y c o nt r i but es wi t h ca p it a l t o t h e p ro je c t a n d al l ows a s pace f o r co l l ective d e c is io n m a k in g . Hum an res o urces are fun dame n t a l f o r t h e p ro je ct, s o t h e co m mun i t y wo ul d be i n c har g e o f c o lla b o ra tin g in t h e co n s t r uc t i o n and mai nt en an c e o f it, g e ttin g e nviro n m e n t a l ser v i c es , and a s pace f o r g at he r a n d e n joy m e n t in re tu r n . Te r r i t o r i al s y s t ems l i ke F LUX U S c o u ld b e a g e n e ra tin g f orce an d an act i ve par t i c i pan t in t h e s tr u c tu r in g o f t h e ci t y, g ear i ng new wa y s t o f ac e e nviro n m e n t a l is s u e s in a wa y t h at pro m o t es t he eco n o m ic d y n a m ic o f S a n M ig u e l de A l l en de due t o i t s f l ex i bl e , s c a la b le a n d a d a p t a b le c h aract er as t h e s o ci e t y, t he ci ty a n d e co lo g ic a l p ro c e s s e s evo l ve .


Mosaia Co l l ag e by su p e r s tu d i o


L AY E R E D COMPONENTS


F

E 116

G

ELEMENTO DE CONEXIÓN | NODOS 9%

D

CAMINOS | SENDEROS 3.2%

VEGETACIÓN NATIVA 50%

TOPOGRAFÍA | HUMEDALES 20%

SUPERFICIE DEL TERRITORIO 50,350 m2 Superficie Permeable 91% Superficie No permeable 9%

EXPLOTADO EN PROYECCIÓN DIAMÉTRICA


A Presidencia municipal B Centro de atención al visitante

A

C PGJ D Paseo E Recinto ferial F MBOHO Centro cultural G Biblioteca Comunitaria H Baños públicos

B

H

C

Elemento a nivel de calle Elemento en plataforma Elemento a nivel de topografía

Sendero peatonal Sendero ciclista y peatonal Bahía de transporte público Calle automóvil Estacionamiento

Maguey Huizache Mezquite Tabachín Lluvia de Oro Pirul Capulín Blanco Yucca Neem

Humedal en superficie Humedal Sub-superficie Presa Lugares inundables Escurrimientos

E X P L O I T E D D R AW I N G F R O M A DIMETRIC PERSPECTIVE To p o g ra p hy, we tl a n d s , ve ge t a ti o n , p a t h s a n d tra i l s .

117


118

BIBLIOTECA COMUNITARIA | BAÑOS PÚBLICOS 3.2%

1

4 6

ESPACIO PÚBLICO |ACCESOS 15%

F

E

G ELEMENTO DE CONEXIÓN | NODOS 9%

D

CAMINOS | SENDEROS 3.2%

VEGETACIÓN NATIVA 50%

5

3

2


119

Biblioteca Comunitaria Baños públicos

1 Mirador de las montañas y humedal 2 Acceso de calle a biblioteca 3 Explanada peatonal biblioteca 4 Acceso a café 5 Extensión de recinto ferial 6 Zona de contemplación 7 Bahía de transporte

7

público 8 Explanada edificios

8 A Presidencia municipal B Centro de atención al visitante

A

C PGJ D Paseo E Recinto ferial F MBOHO Centro cultural G Biblioteca Comunitaria H Baños públicos

B

H

C

Elemento a nivel de calle Elemento en plataforma Elemento a nivel de topografía

Sendero peatonal Sendero ciclista y peatonal Bahía de transporte público Calle automóvil Estacionamiento

Maguey Huizache Mezquite E X P L O I T E D D R AW I N G F R O M A Tabachín D I M E T R I C P E R S P E C T I V E Lluvia de Oro Trai l s, pat h s , co n n e cti o n e l e m e n ts , p u b l i c Pirul spaces , a n d a rc h i t e c tu ra l ty p o l o gi e s . Capulín Blanco Yucca Neem


120

SECTION A-A´

SECTION B-B´

SECTION C-C´


121

LONGITUDINAL SECTIONS Co nce p tu a l C o l l a g e . 2050 S c e n a r i o s


122

SECTION D-D´

SECTION E-E´


123

LONGITUDINAL SECTIONS


124

C

ONNECTION ELEMENT

Importance of co-creation and connections A s par t o f t h e under s t an di ng of t h e t e r r it o r y, a s tu d y a n d an al y s i s o f n o des , c o nn ec t i o n s , a n d u s e rs o f t h e a d jo in in g po i nt s were made. A s a res ul t, a c o n n e c tio n e le m e n t is pro po s ed. A n el em ent t h at i nt e g ra t e s a n d s o l ve s n e e d e d ci rc ul at i o n s an d at t he s ame tim e invit e t o ex p lo re a n d di s cover we t l an ds , n at i ve ve g e t a tio n a n d eve n a s a rec reat i o n s pa ce . T he s t r uc t ure c hang es depen d in g o n t h e t o p o g ra p hy, in so me areas [ i m ag e] , r i s es an d h a s a d o u b le f u n ctio n , in o t her s , i t o nl y funct i o n s as a g ro u n d leve l p a t h . B e in g a si m pl e as s em bl y s t r uct ure, i t is in t e n d e d t h a t t h e s a m e co m mun i t y man ag e an d s u p p o r t its co n s tr u c tio n . It s i n t en ded t o be an el ement d e s ig n e d by t h e co m m u n ity. So me t hi ng whi c h peo pl e f eel i d e n tif ie d a n d ca n c u s t o m iz e . Sug g es t ed mat er i al s ha ve mi n im a l e nviro n m e n t a l im p a c t an d are o f l o c a l o r ig in .


Illustration of connection element L o cat i o n i n ma s t e r p l a n .


126

Temporary Furniture

R

Wooden floor

W Column of Wood

Mezquite

Geo-textile mesh compacted with gravel

Natural Filtration

Ferrocement

Foundation Vegetable fiber cover

Sand-filter layer Pipe rainwater flow

Na


127

Railing

Wood beam

Wetland Plants

Pond vegetation cover

Footing

atural runoff Slope of 0.5%

Perforated water inlet pipe

Gravel filter

Geomembrane

Plant rhizome

CONNECTION STRUCTURE THROUG H O U T T H E T E R R I T O R Y. I l l u st rat i o n o f co n n e cti o n e l e m e n t a n d rel at i o n t o t h e we tl a n d a n d d e t a i l s o f i ts co n s tr u c ti o n .


128

W

ETLANDS

Strategic place for water treatment A s par t o f t he un der s t andi n g o f t h e im p o r t a n ce o f t h e ec o l o g i cal s y s t ems i n t h e c i t y, we c o n s id e re d t h e p re s e n ce o f we t l an ds as v i t al par t o f t h e d e s ig n a n d o p e ra tio n o f F LUX U S . We t l an ds are es s en t i al f o r t he p ro je c t p ro p o s a l o f tre a tin g an d c o ns er v i n g t h e wat er i n S a n M ig u e l d e A lle n d e . A f t er an an al y s i s o f t he mai n wa t e r b o d ie s a n d f low s in t he m un i c i pal i t y, t h i s 5000 s q m t e r r it o r y b e ca m e a co m pl ement ar y and es s ent i al s p a ce f o r t h e s t o ra g e a n d treat m ent o f t h i s wat er c o ur s es. I n a d d itio n , t h e d e c is io n t o ha ve t hes e publ i c s paces i n t h e m id d le o f a f u tu re c ity sub- cen t er i s an an t i ci pat i o n o f s e r io u s e nviro n m e n t a l co n s eq uenc es an d a wa y t o un d e rs t a n d t h e p e r ip h e r y o f S an M i g uel as an o pp o r tu n ity t o va lu e .


We t l a n d s L o cat i o n i n ma s t e r p l a n .


130

TYPES OF WATER TREATMENTS Requirements, advantages, and disadvantages.

On surface flow

Below surface flow

Vertical flow

14m2 40m2 90m2

Water treatment On surfacede agua en superficie Tratamiento

Below surface Tratamiento de agua debajo de la superficie

On surface flow Tratamiento de agua vertical

-Laamount cantidadof de surface superficie purificar -The topara purify wateragua for para una persona es de 90m2. a person is 90m2.

-La-The cantidad de superficie parato purificar amount of surface purify agua waterpara for unaone persona es de person is 40m2. 40m2.

-La cantidad superficie purificar agua para -Thede amount of para surface to purify una persona de 14m2. wateresfor one person is 14m2.

-El flujo de agua ocurre debajo de la superficie, lo water flow occurs the surface, que-The conlleva a menos olores y below disminución del which leads to fewer odors and decreased porcentaje de evaporación.

-El flujo de agua se cuela por arriba de la superficie, -The flowelofporcentaje water drains over the y lo que incrementa de evaporación olores. surface area, which increases the

-Rápido y eficiente tratamiento del agua entrante.

-Lento pero eficiente tratamiento del agua entrante al humedal. -Slow but efficient income water treat-

-El flujo de agua ocurre en superficie, lo que incre-

-The water flow occurs on the surface, menta el porcentaje de evaporación y olores. which increases the percentage of evapo-Trata deodors. una manera rápida el agua entrante al ration and humedal, pero es menoswater eficiente. -Quickly treat incoming To the wetland, but it is less efficient.

-Dificultad para integración en los sistemas urbanos de agua, mayor impacto en construcción.

-Difficulty for integration into systems Urban water resources, greater impact on un -Superficies de agua al interperie propician theincremento building. de diversidad en fauna y flora.

-El capital inicial y de operación -Surface water surfaces provide son relativamente bajos.

An increase in diversity in wildlife and flora. -The initial and operating capital is relatively low.

Water treatment

the percentage of evaporation.

-Fast and efficient water treatment

-Fácil integración en los sistemas urbanos de agua, incoming. menor impacto en construcción.

-Easy integration urban of dan -Superficies de agua al in debajo de systems la superficie cabida a menos diversidad de fauna. water, less impact in construction. -El -Water capital inicial y debelow operación son relativamente surfaces the surface accomaltos.

modate less fauna diversity.

-Initial and operating capital is relatively high.

Water treatment

evaporation and odors. ment.

-El más dificil para integración en los sistemas urbanos de agua y el mayor impacto en construcción. -The most difficult for integration into

urban water systems.

-Superficies de agua al interperie propician un incremento de diversidad en fauna y flora.an increase -Surface water bodies provide

in diversity in wildlife and flora.

-El capital inicial y de operación son relativamente altos.

-Initial and operating capital is relatively high.

T Y P E O F WAT E R T R E AT M E N T

Re q u i re m e n ts , a d va n t a ge s , a n d d i s a d va n t a g e s .


131

CHARCO DEL INGENIO

H u m e d a l p e r t e n e c i e n t e a p re s a d e l a s co l o n i a s .


132

Volatization

Water inlet Plant metabolism

Bacterial degradation

Filtration and Absorption by roots Sedimentation, precipitation and absorption

Water outlet

Sediment

D I A G R A M O F T H E B E H AV I O R S u b - s u r f a c e cl e a n i n g m e c h a n i s m


133

ESTIMATION OF COST W e t l a n d : W a t e r Tr e a t m e n t The im plement at io n o f t he we t l and syst em i s an o ppo r t u ne st ra t e g y f o r t h e p r i m a r y tre a tm e n t o f wa s t ewa t e r, co llect ed fro m t he excess o f t he mai n pl ant . The amo u nt o f wa t e r t h a t c o m e s fro m t h e tre a tm e n t p l a n t h a s t h e po t en t ial t o be reu sed f o r i r r i g at i o n di rect l y i n t he su r ro u ndi n g f i e l d s . The wat er t reat ment syst em i s ex t remel y ef f ect i ve i n neu t ral i z i n g a n d e l i m i n a ti n g wo r m e gg s , a n d o t h e r p a t h o g e n s , wh ic h h a ve bec o me a t hreat t o t he pu bl i c heal t h o f San Mi g u e l d e A l l e n d e . Ot h e r s o l u ti o n s a s t h e f i l tra ti o n h a ve been elimin at ed fro m t hi s pro po sal du e t o t he hi g h mai nt ena n ce t h a t n e e d s t o b e i m p l e m e n t e d , a s we l l a s t h e g re a t po ssibilit y o f f ailu re t hat t hi s represent s. The c ho sen alt er nat i ve represent s t he mo st accessi bl e pro po s a l o f a l l wa t e r tre a tm e n t s y s t e m s , a we tl a n d re q u i re s less so il expansio n t han a co m pl e t e t reat ment syst em, i n add i ti o n t o a l l ow i n g t h e f l ex i b i l i ty o f a tt a c h i n g o t h e r co m po n ent s t o t he wat er t reat ment syst em. As a result o f prev i o u s researc h i n San Mi g u el de Al l ende, t h e re i s a re c o rd o f t h e p re s e n c e o f 9 e g gs o f wo r m s p e r lit er in wast ewat er, f o r whi c h t he g o al i s a redu ct i o n o f 9 0 % . o b t e n e r u n re s u l t a d o d e m e n o s d e 1 h u eve ci l l o p o r lit ro .

Estimation of cost Th e Budge t include s desi g n eng i neer i ng , co nst r u ct i o n eng i nee r i n g, c o n s tr u c ti o n , a n d c o n ti n g e n cy. T h e c o s t o f c o nst r uc t io n o f t h is t ype o f pro j ect var i es acco rdi ng t o t he si z e o f t h e we tl a n ds ; T h e re f o re t h e p ro j e c t wa s b a s e d o n t h e Advan ced Syst em I nt eg ral Wast ewat er Treat ment o f 4 . 4 h e c t a re s o n i ts s u r f a ce i n cl u d i n g t o o l s f o r f l ow c o nt ro l. Th e f o llow i ng bu dg e t assu mes t hat 7 0 % o f t he we t l a n d i s exca va t e d a t M X N $ 39 / m 3 ( I n f l a ti o n - a d j u s t e d c o nst r uc t io n), 3% so i l t ype st u di es, 5 0 % eng i neer i ng desi g n, a n d ove r h e a d s , 3% s e e d i n g a n d 10% p i p i n g a n d c o nnect io n s.

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$ 52, 000 / ye a r $ 312, 000 / ye ar $ 208,000 / ye a r

An n u a l C o s t = $ 572, 000

r

Capi t al Co st = $ 1, 374 ,4 8 0

Op e ra ti o n a n d M a i n t e n a n c e E x p a n s i o n t o 20/ 30 ye a r s 3 0- ye a r re p l a c e m e n t

be

$ 8 2 8 ,0 0 0 $ 24 ,84 0 $ 4 14 , 0 0 0 $ 24 , 84 0 $ 82,800

em

Exca vat io n 20, 700 m3 x 4 0 / m3 = So il st udy 3% = En gin eer in g D esig n 5 0 % = Sowin g 3% = Piping and co n nect i o ns 10 % =

The operation, maintenance, and replacement.

ec

MXN

D

Inicial Costs

Plan ning Organizat io n Exec ut io n F in ancin g Exca vacio n es D esign Building

*The presen t co st est i mat e was par t o f t he Co mmu ni t y Wat er Acti o n Pl a n S a n M i gu e l d e A l l e n d e re s e a rc h by “A m i go s de la Presa” .

ESTIMATED COSTS FOR THE OPERATION OF THE WETLAND C o n s i d e r i n g re - i n t e g ra ti n g t o o p e ra ti o n t h e tre a tm e n t p l a n t o f “ La s C o l o n i a s ”


134

v

V E G E TA T I O N , SOILS, AND M I C RO C L I M A T E S .

Adding value to the natural heritage In t he s earc h o f t he s pec i f i ci t y o f S an M ig u e l d e A lle n d e , we c o ncl ude t h at i t s f l o ra and f a u n a a re o n e o f t h e e le m e n ts t hat c harac t er i z e i t . In t hi s wa y, a n a tt e m p t wa s m a d e t o re s t o re t h e val ue t o n at i ve s pe cie s a n d ke e p t h e m in t a ct fro m g arden des i g n i n t er vent i on s . On e o f t h e f a ct o rs t h a t make F LUX US a s uc ces s ful s y st e m , is t h e d e cis io n o f t h e veg e t at i o n t h at co n f o r m s it. It f aci l i t at es t he ec o l o g i c al pro ce s s e s a n d re d u ce s la rg e scal e mai nt en an ce c o s t s , g e n e ra tin g a wa re n e s s a n d lear n i n g o f t he val ue o f t h e lo ca l in t h e c o m m u n it a r ia n and env i ro nm e n t a l s e n s e .


P r i m o g e n i a l S M A Ve g e t a t i o n The di v i si o n be t ween t he ro a d a n d p e r i m e t e r o f t er r i t o r y. There i s a g reat va r i e ty o f tre e s a n d shr u bs o f g reat eco l o g i cal va l u e f o r t h e p l a ce .


Fall 136 Mezquite Prosopis glandulosa Decidious

Huizache Acacia Semi-Decidious

TabachĂ­n Caesalpinia pulcherrima Decidious

Enebro Juniperus communis Perennial

CapulĂ­n Blanco Prunus salicifolia Decidious

Yucca Manihot esculenta Succulent

Winter

Mezquite Prosopis glandulosa Decidious


Summer Tabachín Caesalpinia pulcherrima Decidious

137

Huizache Acacia Semi-Decidious Lluvia de oro Laburnum anagyroides Decidious

Capulín Blanco Prunus salicifolia Decidious Yucca Manihot esculenta Succulent

Mezquite Prosopis glandulosa Decidious

Neem Azadirachta indica Perennial

Enebro Juniperus communis Perennial

Spring A Q U Í VA U N E N C A B E Z A D O P O R Q U E Q U I E R E R E S A LT A u nt au t es t d o l o r i o i u m a m , n i m i l l a m re do l o re m . B e r ro r u m n a m Ra t e m e a r u m


138

Asclepias syriaca (Algodoncillo)

Plant features Height : 30 - 70 cm Diame t er : 30 - 45 cm Growt h: moderat e Bloom: June - August (smal l o rang e f lowe r s o r Yellow) S un exposure: 100% Wat er need: little t o a verag e Roo ts: sur f ace


139

Calibanus hookeri (Sacamecate)

Plant features Height : 50 - 90 cm Diame t er : 30 - 100 cm Growt h: ver y slow Bloom: June - August (roses and ve r y s m al l dwe l li ng s ) S un exposure: 100% Wat er need: little t o a verage Roo ts: t hic k and par tiall y expose d


140

Senna spectabilis (Car naval)

Plant features Height : 90 - 150 cm Diame t er : 90 - 150 cm Fast growt h Bloom: M a y - June (pink , w hi t e and re d) S un exposure: 90% Wat er need: little t o a verag e Roo ts: t hin and shallow


141

Centaurea Bella (Cardo)

Plant features Height : 20 - 25 cm Diame t er : 25 - 30 cm Growt h: moderat e Bloom: M a y - August (pink and p u r pl e ) S un exposure: 100% Wat er need: little t o a verage Roo ts: t hin and shallow


142

Dalea Bicolor (Escobilla)

Plant features Height : 200 cm Diame t er : 20 - 45 cm Growt h: moderat e Bloom: M a y - Jul y (small pi nk and blu e ) S un exposure: 100% Wat er need: a verage Roo ts: t hin and shallow


143

Agave vivipara (Espadín)

Plant features Altura: 50 - 90 cm Diáme tro: 50 - 120 cm C recimient o: rápido Floración: t allo de 2.5 me tros E xposición solar : 100% N ecesidad de agua: poca a med ia Raíces: gr uesas super f iciales


144

Rhynchelytrum repens (Hierba de la lana)

Plant features Height : 70 - 100 cm Diame t er : 100 cm Growt h: Fast Bloom: June - August f eat he r- s hape d ro s e s S un exposure: 100% Wat er need: little t o a verag e Roo ts: t hic k super f icial


145

Sanvitalia procumbens (Ojo de gallo)

Plant features Height : 15 - 30 cm Diame t er : 30 - 100 cm Growt h: moderat e Bloom: June - S ep t ember (small o rang e s and Yellow) S un exposure: 100% Wat er need: a verage Roo ts: Thin sur f aces


146

Stashys cretica (Salvia de Castilla)

Plant features Height : 15 - 20 cm Diame t er : 50 - 60 cm Growt h: moderat e Bloom: M a y - Jul y (small bl u e , pi nk and pu r pl e ) S un exposure: 100% Wat er need: a verage Roo ts: Thin sur f aces


147

Chr ysopogon z izanioides (Zacate violeta)

Plant features Height : 150 - 200 cm Diame t er : 200 - 400 cm Growt h: Fast Bloom: M a y - August (addresses) S un exposure: 100% Wat er need: half a lo t Roo ts: t hin and deep


148

Acacia Far nesi (Huizache)

Plant features S emi-deciduous Height : 2m t o 6m C up: 6m Growt h: Fast Matur ity : 10 years Roo ts: E xt ended and S ur f ace Precipit ation: 800mm - 180 0 m m Flower ing: collect ed in cabe z u e las , ye ll ow, g ro u ps o f 2 3mm. Jul y - Febr uar y Bloom: collect ed in cabezu e las , ye ll ow, Groups of 2 - 3mm. Jul y - Fe br u ar y Fr uits: green - blac k 2 - 8 cm . S har p t ip. Fe br u ar y - Ma y


149

Prosopis laevigata (Mezquite)

Plant features Deciduous Height : 2 - 6m C up: 8m Growt h: M oderat e Matur ity : 8 years Deep roo ts Precipit ation: 350mm - 700mm Bloom: Dense, yellow clust ers, 3 - 10 cm l o ng . Febr uar y t o Ma y Fr uits: 8 - 16cm wide, cy lindr ical f r u it s . J u ne t o J u l y


150

Prunus serotina (ChapulĂ­n Blanco)

Plant features Deciduous Height : 12 - 25m C up: 3.5m Growt h: M oderat e Matur ity : 6 years Roo ts: S uper f icial, ext ende d, f as t g row ing . Precipit ation: 1600mm - 19 0 0 m m Bloom: N umerous, hangin g , g ro u pe d, w hi t e . 10cm - 15cm long. Januar y Marc h Fr uits: Blac k , Reddish. 12m m - 2 0 m m , 1 s e e d. Ma y August


151

Ju n i p e r u s d e p p e a n a (Enebro)

Plant features Perennial Height : 20m - 40m C up: 8m Growt h: M oderat e Matur ity : 8 years Roo ts: Deep, ext ended. Precipit ation: 700mm - 1100mm Bloom: Discre t e, does no t attract at t e nt i o n, g re e n. Fe br u ar y Marc h Fr uits: Round t oge t her, whit e. 10 m m - 2 0 m m , 1 seed. August Oct ober


152

Laburnum anagyroides (Lluvia de oro)

Plant features Deciduous Height : 3m - 9m C up: 5m Growt h: M oderat e Matur ity : 3 years Roo ts: S ur f ace. Precipit ation: 900mm - 110 0 m m Bloom: C lust ers in pendulu m , ye ll ow. 10 cm - 2 0 cm . Marc h ma y Fr uits: Round t oge t her, cof f e e .10 m m - 2 0 m m , s e e d. Marc h August


153

Azadirachta indica (Neem)

Plant features Perennial Height : 8m - 12m C up: 8m Growt h: M oderat e Matur ity : 6 years Roo ts: S ur f ace, ext ended. Precipit ation: 500mm - 2500mm Bloom: C lust ers, groups of 2 - 4, E xt e nde d, Cre am . 2cm - 4cm. Apr il Ma y Fr uits: S mall t oge t her, green. 14m m - 2 8 m m , August S ep t ember


154

Agave atrovirens (Maguey)

Plant features Height : 1m - 4m C up: 5m Growt h: Fast Matur ity : 8 years Roo ts: S ur f ace, ext ended. Precipit ation: 200mm - 600 m m Bloom: C lust ers, Yellow. 2cm - 4 cm . N ove m be r - Apr il S olar E xposure: 100%


155

Schinus molle (Pirul)

Plant features Perennial Height : 10m - 12m C up: 8m Growt h: M oderat e Matur ity : 6 years Roo ts: S ur f ace, ext ended. Precipit ation: 300mm - 700mm Bloom: S mall, numerous, Yellow. 6 m m . Marc h August Fr uits: Red, Pendants wit h seeds, 9 m m . N ove m be r Febr uar y


156

Yu c c a f i l i f e r a ( Yu c c a )

Plant features S ucculent Height : 10m C up: 3m Growt h: S low Matur ity : 8 years Roo ts: S ur f ace Precipit ation: 250mm - 550 m m Bloom: C lust ers, numerou s , Whi t e . 3 cm - 4 . 5 cm . Ma y Jul y Fr uits: Pendants wit h seeds , Ye l low / co f f e e 5 cm - 7 cm . Jul y August S olar E xposure: 100%


157

Delonix regia ( Ta b a ch Ă­ n )

Plant features Deciduous Height : 6 - 8m C up: 8m Growt h: Fast Matur ity : 6 years Roo ts: S uper f icial, S trong, L ong, E xt e nde d Precipit ation: 750mm - 3000mm Bloom: Red, orange. 5cm - 12cm. Ma y June Fr uits: C of f ee, C ane hanging wit h s e e ds , 5 0 cm . Oct ober N ovember S olar E xposure: 100%


FUTURE SCENARIOS


160

DIMETRIC PROJECTION D R AW I N G 2020 SCENARIO


161

Introduction, innovation, r e s t r u c t u r i n g. .

and

2020 - In tro d u ctio n t o a n ew wa y o f co n c e ivin g t he s p a c e [ n ew wa y o f t h in k in g a n d pl a n n in g t h e p e r if e r ia ] - Eco lo g ic a l s y s t e m s ove r o f t h e b u ilt enviro n m e n t. - P ro p o s a l o f m in im u m co n s u m p tio n , ma x im u m p ro f it. - Th e in tro d u c tio n o f u n u s u a l p u b lic arc h it e ctu ra l e le m e n ts in m a rg in a l M ex ic a n a re a s a s a t o o l f o r b o o s tin g hu m a n d eve lo p m e n t. - De s ig n b a s e d o n n e two r k s , n o d e s , s y s t e m s , s it e s p e c if icity, s o c ie ty, a n d e nviro n m e n t. - Pro g ra m in d e t e r m in a c y t h a t s e e k s t h e ap p ro p r ia tio n a n d p e rs o n if ic a tio n o f t h e site. - A wa y t o a p p ro a c h t h e m e t a b o lis m o f dyn a m ic p ro ce s s e s in t h e t h re e s e ct o rs : eco lo g y, s o c ie ty, a n d e c o n o my. - Ra inwa t e r m u n ic ip a lity tre a tm e n t device . ( W h ic h n owa d a y s a re n o t a g ove r n m e n t p r io r ity ) - P ro p o s a ls m a d e t h ro u g h t h e co lla b o ra tio n o f t h e co m m u n ity. [ h a n d o f wo r k , o rg a n iz a tio n , d e c is io n s ]


162

DIMETRIC PROJECTION D R AW I N G 2 0 5 0 S C E N A R I O.


163

F l e x i b i l i t y, r e c o g n i t i o n , a n d replication.

2050 - T h e c o m m u n ity va lu e s t h e t e r r it o r y no t ju s t f o r b e in g a s p a ce m a d e by t h e co m m u n ity a n d f o r t h e co m m u n ity, b u t al s o f o r t h e e nviro n m e n t a l b e n e f its . - Po s s ib le c h a n g e o f b e h a vio rs o f t h e pe o p le o f S a n M ig u e l d e A lle n d e in wa t e r p o llu tio n is s u e s b e g in s . S o m e ac tio n s s u c h a s im p le m e n t a tio n s o f g ra y wa t e r h o m e tre a tm e n t b e g in t o a p p e a r eve n in m a rg in a l n e ig h b o r h o o d s . - Pu b lic a rc h it e c tu ra l e le m e n ts b e c o m e pl a c e s t h a t d ig n if y t h e pe o p le o f S a n M ig u e l. S e r ve a s a wi n d ow t o a d if f e re n t re a lity a n d a n en d le s s n u m b e r o f p o s s ib ilitie s . - T h e n a tive ve g e t a tio n b e g in s t o n o u r is h t he la n d m a k in g it m o re p ro d u ctive a n d wi t h a d d e d va lu e . - T h e in tro d u c tio n o f m o re p ro je c ts like F LU X U S , a s a t o o l t o h e a l c itie s w it h enviro n m e n t a l p ro b le m s . - S a n M ig u e l d e A lle n d e b e g in s t o b e c o m e a re f e re n c e in t h e i m p le m e n t a tio n o f s y s t e m s t h a t un de rs t a n d t h e city a s a m e t a b o lis m .


164

DIMETRIC PROJECTION D R AW I N G 2 1 0 0 S C E N A R I O.


165

Flux, evolution, heritage

2100 - T h e u s e o f s p a ce h a s b e e n m o d if ie d co m p le t e l y a cc o rd in g t o n e e d s . - Th e a rc h it e ctu ra l o b je ct c o u ld b e ap p ro p r ia t e by n a tu re [ S o c ia l a n d eco lo g ica l] - T h e p ro g ra m re s p o n d s a n d is c re a t e d ba s e d o n tim e . - P ro d u c tive p u b lic s p a c e s - Re g e n e ra tio n o f s p e c ie s , cyc le s b e g in t o reg u la r iz e [ h e a l] - Cre a tio n o f in s titu tio n a l co n tro ls o f wa t e r m a n a g e m e n t a t a n e ig h b o r h o o d l eve l. - Ed u c a tio n a l p ro g ra m s b a s e d o n t h e i m p o r t a n c e o f t h e e nviro n m e n t a l, s o cia l, politic a l a n d e co n o m ic d eve lo p m e n t o f S a n M ig u e l d e A lle n d e . - Th e c ity b e co m e s a n exa m p le t o o t h e r s t a t e s a n d t h e re is a rep lic a t e e f f e c t. - Th e lo c a l ve g e t a tio n b e c o m e s s o m e t h in g e s s e n tia l f o r e nviro n m e n t al dyn a m ic s a n d t h e re f o re , t h e m o s t ac cu ra t e t o o l o f la n d s ca p e d e s ig n a n d eco lo g ica l s y s t e m s .


166

2020-2040

2040-2060


167

2060-2080

2080-2100

EVOLUTION OF THE ECOLOGICAL AND SOCIAL DYNAMICS. 2020-2100


COMMUNITY L I B R A RY


170

I

T IS FOR E V E RYO N E

A space made by the community and for the community T hro ug h t he pat hs o f t he t er r i t or y a n d t h e c h a r m o f t h e si t e l ands c ape i n a s ubt l e t ransitio n yo u w ill f in d t h e P ubl i c Co mmun i t y Li brar y o f wh o s e s o le p u r p o s e is t o be a t o o l f o r t he bo o s t o f human d eve lo p m e n t f o r t h e peo pl e o f S an M i g uel de A l l en d e . By an al o g y, t he pro j ect at t em p ts t o m o d e l t h e re s p o n s e beh a v i o r s o f l i v i ng s y s t em s i n n o n -livin g c o n s tr u c tio n s an d pro c es s es , es peci al l y evo lu tio n . T h a t is w hy t h e pro j ec t i o n o f t h e c ent er ai ms t o m e e t im m e d ia t e n e e d s an d m ut at e i n t h e f o l l owi n g 10 0 ye a rs t o p e r h a p s e n d up bei ng abs o r bed by t he s ame n a tu re o r c h a n g e d its vo cat i o n t o fut ure n eeds .


C o m m u n i t y L i b r a r y. Master Plan location.


Community Library

Top og ra p hy Th e p ro j e c t is l o c ate d o n t h e te r r i to r y fo l l owin g t h e n at ura l sl o p e. Pa r t o f t h e b ui l di n g is un de rgro un d. Th is favo r s t h e t h e r ma l a n d co mfo r t q ua l it i e s a n d at t h e sa me t i me h e l p s to h ave a di re c t e nt ra n ce fro m t h e p a r k .

P l at f o r m s Th e p ro gra m o f t h e l i b ra r y is l o c ate d o n 3 p l at fo r ms i n di ffe re nt l e ve l s. i n o rde r to l e t t h e n at ura l l i g ht p e r me ate t h ro ug h t h e b ui l di n g, c re at i n g c l e a r a n d wh ite sp a ce s, favo ra b l e fo r t h e l i b ra r y use r s.

A rc hi t e ct u re p rogra m a nd sp at i a l re l a t i o ns ne t wo r k Th e co n n e c t i o n o f t h e p ro gra m by a ce nt ra l c irc ul at io n co re a l l ows t h e dist r i b ut io n at a l l l e ve l s o f t h e p ro j e c t.

PROGRAM AND EMPLACEMENT


Library 2800 m2

B ook shop L ig ht C ircle

30%

Re st a u ra nt

13%

L e a r ning Sp ace

15%

C ommu nity For u m

13%

Te r race

10%

L obby Te m p ora l G a lle r y

5%

Ad ministra tion

5%

A tt e ntion De sk

4%

Se r vice s

3%

Par k ing

3%

13%

3%

10%

3% 5% 30%

5% 13% 4%

15%

ARCHITECTURE AND S PAT I A L

PROGRAM RELATIONS NETWORK


174

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HID

*VER

C SUBE

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9

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14

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3

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2.00

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MÓDULOS RETRÁCTILES DE ACCESO

R

1 2.00

S

+0.00 & +1.50 FLOOR PLAN

NPT + 0.00


175

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TN 6.00 NTN + 3.00

NTN + 2.50

PLANTA DE ACCESO Y MEZZANINE NIVEL + - 0.00

TRADA A CISTERNA Y CUARTO

DRÁULICO

R DETALLE 1

NTN + 1.50

22

21

- + 0 . 0 0 & + 1 . 5 0 S T O RY P L A N ENTRANCE & MEZZANINE

0 ACCESO A CISTERNA

18

1 ACCESO SUR 2 VESTÍBULO

0. S t o ra g e wa t e r t a n k a c c e s s 1 S o u t h a c ce s s 4 ADMINISTRACIÓN 2 Foye r 5 VENTAS 3 Fa c a d e le a r n in g s p a ce 6 MÓDULO DE ATENCIÓN Y CONTROL 4 Ad m in is tra tio n 7 FORO 5 S a le s M a n a g e m e n t 8 BODEGA 6 A tt e n tio n d e s k 9 EXPOSICIONES TEMPORALES 7 Fo r u m 10 CÍRCULO DE ENCUENTRO 8 Wa re h o u s e 11 ZONA TERCERA EDAD Y BEBES 9 Te m p o ra r y ex h ib itio n s a re a 12 MÓDULO DE DONACIÓN DE LIBROS 10 L ig h t c irc le 13 BAÑOS 11 S e n io rs a n d c h ild re n a re a 14 RAMPA - ESTRUCTURA LIBRERO 12 B o o k d o n a tio n d e s k 15 ACCESO ESTE 13 B a t h ro o m s 16 CAFÉ 14 Ra m p 17 COCINA 15 E a s t a cc e s s 18 BAÑOS DE EMPLEADOS 16 Re s t a u ra n t 19 ACCESO DESDE BIBLIOTECA 17 K itc h e n 20 BODEGA Y TABLERO ELÉCTRICO 18 E m p loye e B a t h ro o m s 21 CUARTO REFRIGERACIÓN 19 Ac ce s s t o lib ra r y 22 ANDÉN 20 Wa re h o u s e a n d e le ctr ic a l b o a rd 21 C o o lin g ro o m 22 S e r vic e P la tf o r m

20

3 ESTRUCTURA - LIBRERO - ESTANCIA

13 17

NTN + 0.00

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PLANTA BIBLIOTECA NIVEL + 3.00

+ 3 . 0 0 M . S T O RY P L A N C O M M U N I T Y L I B R A RY 24 LABORATORIO Y ESPACIO DE JUEGOS DE LECTURA PARA NIÑOS 23 TAPANCO AUDITORIO - ESPACIO FLEXIBLE

25 29

NAZ +3.00

25 CUBÍCULOS

DOMO

23 Flex ib le Fo r u m 24 L e a r n in g L a b o ra t o r y f o r c h ild re n 28 TERRAZA 25 C u b icle s 29 TERRAZA CUBÍCULOS 26 G e n e ra l lib ra r y 30 ACCESO A BIBLIOTECA 27 Re s t a re a 31 MÓDULO DE r CONTROL 28 Te ra c e 14 RAMPA 29 -DESTRUCTURA ig it a l LIBRERO la b o ra t o r y 30 L ib ra r y Acc e s s 31 C o n tro l d e s k 14 Ra m p

26 BIBLIOTECA TEMÁTICA GENERAL 27 ZONA DE DESCANSO

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34

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PLANTA TERRAZA NIVEL + 6.00

+ 6 . 0 0 M . S T O RY P L A N T E R R AC E

32 MÓDULO DE ATENCIÓN

33 ENTRADA DESDE TERRAZA NAZ +3.00

34 ACCESO DE PARQUE A EXPLANADA

DOMO

14 RAMPA - ESTRUCTURA LIBRERO

32 A tt e n tio n d e s k 24 Acc e s s f ro m t e r ra c e 25 Acc e s s f ro m p a r k t o e s p la n a d e

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+2013

Terraza +2010

Cubículos de estudio

Café Refrigeración

W.C empleados

Zona Te general

Terraza +2007

Círculo de encuentro

Bodega de descarga Donación libros W.C

W.C

+2004

+2002 Cisterna

2.00

2.00

2.00

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LONGITUDINAL SECTION F-F´

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+2013

Cubos de lectura o descanso

Librero - Fachada-Espacio de estancia

+2010

Circulación vertical

Acceso este a café

Café

+2007

Exposiciones de arte independiente

+2004

+2002 Cisterna

2.00

2.00

2.00

LONGITUDINAL SECTION K-K´

2.00

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+2013

Terraza +2010

emรกtica l Foro / Espacio flexible

Terreno natural +2007

+2004

Cisterna

0

00

2.00

10

2.00

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SCALE 1:250

2.00

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1

+2013

Terraza +2010

Terraza Acceso a zona temรกtica Biblioteca comunitaria

+2007

Venta de libros autores independientes Mรณdulo de atenciรณn +2004

Cisterna

0

1

3

5 SCALE 1:250

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

LONGITUDINAL SECTION COMMUNITY LIBRARY


184

S

R

Q

P

O

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M

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K

J

I

H

G

F

E

D

C

B

A

+2013

+2013

Salida a terraza principal +2010

+2010

Librero - Fachada-Espacio de estancia Acceso a zona temática Biblioteca comunitaria

Zona de niños

+2007

+2007

Rampa

Donación de libros Exposiciones de arte independiente

Paneles de madera

+2004

Círculo de encuentro +2004

Cisterna

+2002 Cisterna

0

1

3

5 SCALE 1:250

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

TRANSVERSE SECTION 13-13´

2.00

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185

A

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S

+2013

+2013

Salida a terraza principal

+2010

+2010

Librero - Fachada -Espacio de estancia

Rampa Cubículos de estudio

Zona de niños

Acceso a zona temática Biblioteca comunitaria

+2007

+2007

Zona de cuenta cuentos

+2004

+2004

Almacenamiento agua pluvial +2002 Cisterna

Cisterna

0

1

3

5 SCALE 1:250

2.00

2.00

2.00

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2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

TRANSVERSE SECTION 16-16´

CORTES TRANSVERSALES BIBLIOTECA COMUNITARIA

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00


186

POSSIBLE SCENARIO 2020 I nt ro du c ti o n o f a n u n u s u a l a rc h i t e c tu ra l ty p o l o gy ( f o r t h e s o ci o e c o n o m i ca l c h a ra c t e r i s ti cs o f t h e p l a c e ) i n M ex i co , a Pu b l i c C o m m u n i ty Li b ra r y.


187

POSSIBLE SCENARIO 2050 I t beco mes a spac e t h a t d i g n i f i e s S a n M i g u e l i n h a b i t a n ts a n d a w i n d ow t o a di f f erent real i ty a n d a b e tt e r i n d i vi d u a l p e rce p ti o n . A t t h e s a m e ti m e , t he pr i mo g eni a l ve ge t a ti o n g row s a n d b e co m e p a r t o f t h e a rc h i t e ctu re .


188


189

POSSIBLE SCENARIO 2100 The u se o f t h e s p a ce h a s b e e n c o m p l e t e l y mo di f i ed t o t h e n ew n e e d s a s a s o ci e ty a n d a s a n e c o l o gi ca l s y s t e m .


190


191

S O U T H E L E VA T I O N COMMUNITY PUBLIC LIBRARY


192

FAC A D E S E C T I O N I t shows co nst r u ct i o n syst em u s e d , f a ca d e l e a r n i n g s p a ce and t he ver t i cal ci rcu l at i o n t hro u gh t h e l i b ra r y.


193


Louvers with a precise inclination to avoid the sun from the west..

Hot air rises and escapes from the top, in winter it is possible to close the grid

Structure-bookcase in the facade.

Entrada de luz natural a biblioteca

ANĂ LISIS DE SITIO COMO ELEMENTO ESENCIAL DE ENTENDIMIENTO T Ă­tu lo d e la im a g e n I h ic a e n am a u t lit a m e s s im u s d o lo r u m q u ib u s ex p e d q u is s it in c u s a n d is a d it, co m m o e n t e m . I b u s , u lla b o . E t e iu m f a cc u s m a c u p t a t a tu r? N a t. Od q u i n e s vo lo r a u t o m n is Geothermal cooling d is cu s s a n d u n t a u t e s t d o lo r io iu m a m , n im illa m re d o lo re m . B e r ro r u m n a m S u n t The area dedicated to the la c cu m q u ia n im e n tib u s e s tio s donation of books and promod o le s e q u a m re m e s e q u ia m tion of independent literature. re p t a t e s a u t d o lu p t a tq u a m e o s s i d o lu p tu r, ve r is q u a t ve n is u t m o circle lo re p u d a e p e d q u a m , e t Rainwater harvesting o m n is q u i q u id m a x im u s , u t re eve n ih ict e t ve ro t e m p o r it vo le n im u s , s a n d e r ro c u s ciu s u t e t Mayores acristalamientos orientados al este

Rainwater pipe-to area and storage ta


treatment ank.

Stone walls-high thermal values

Flexible agora for community use. Wood of the region used in structure and finishes, mostly second use


196

FAC A D E L E A R N I N G S PAC E S ENTRANCE RAMP


197


198

DETALLE CONSTRUCTIVO CIMENTACIÓN MICROPILOTES DETALLE CONSTRUCTIVO CIMENTACIÓN MICROPILOTES

1. 2. 1. 3. 2. 4. 3. 5. 4. 6. 5. 7. 6. 7.

1 1

3

2

43

2

6

Pila de madera separada de placa d Placa de anclaje Pila de madera separada de placa d Pasadores para anclaje Placa de anclaje Pernos de anclaje Pasadores para anclaje Cabezal de concreto en micropilotes Pernos de anclaje Enladrillado Cabezal de concreto en micropilote Micropilotes Enladrillado Micropilotes

6

4

7

D e t a i l o f m i c r o p7 i l e s f o u n d a t i o n 1 S t ac k o f wo o d separat ed fro m a n c h o r p l a t e 2 Anc ho r pl at e 3 Anc ho r pi ns 4 Anc ho r bo l t s DETALLE CONSTRUCTIVO UNION MURO DE PIEDRA 5 Mi cro -P i l es Co ncre t e head 6 B r i c kl a yi ng DETALLE CONSTRUCTIVO UNION MURO DE PIEDRA 7 Mi cro -pi l es

1 1 2 2

5 4 5 34

6 76 7

3

Detail of stone wall-slab union 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

B r i c kl a yi ng J o i st co r ner 15 cm S t o ne wal l 4 0 cm t hi c k J o i st -beam j o i nt Screw Wo o den bl o c k embedded i n wa l l I nsu l at i o n l a yer

1. 2. 1. 3. 2. 4. 3. 5. 4. 6. 5. 7. 6. 7.

Enladrillado Vigueta canto 15 cm Enladrillado Muro de piedra 40 cm espesor Vigueta canto 15 cm Herraje unión vigueta - viga Muro de piedra 40 cm espesor Tornillo Pasante Herraje unión vigueta - viga Taco de madera empotrado en muro Tornillo Pasante Capa reguladora Taco de madera empotrado en mur Capa reguladora


DETALLE CONSTRUCTIVO LOSA DE ENTREPISO

199

DETALLE CONSTRUCTIVO LOSA DE ENTREPISO

e placa de anclaje 1

placa de anclaje

ropilotes

4

3

4

2

5

1

3

5

2

opilotes

sor

6

6

8

7

8

7

9

1. 2. 1.3. 2.4. 3.5. 4.6. 5.7. 6.8. 7.9. 8. 9.

Columna de mad Enladrillado Columna Aislante de made Enladrillado Tablero Aislante Vigueta Tablero Perfil para sujeta Vigueta Chapa con pasad Perfil sujetard Perfilpara de apoyo Chapa con pasado Viga de madera Perfil de apoyo de Viga de madera

9

Mezzanine slab detail 1 Wo o den co l u mn 2 B r i c kl a yi ng 3 I nsu l at i o n 4 Wo o d panel DETALLE CONSTRUCTIVO LOSA DE AZOTEA 5 Vigueta 6 P ro f i l e f o r secu r i ng j o i st 7 Shee t wi t h LOSA pi ns t o iDE mmoAZOTEA bi l i z e b e a m DETALLE CONSTRUCTIVO 8 B eam su ppo r t pro f i l e 9 Wo o den beam

1

2

1

2

3

or en muro

5

4

en muro

4

7

6

7

Roof slab detail 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

56

B r i c kl a yi ng Wat er pro o f i ng Wo o den B eam Wo o den beam E m p t y space I nsu l at i o n B o t t o m panel

3

1. 2. 1.3. 2.4. 3.5. 4.6. 5.7. 6. 7.

Enladrillado Impermeabil Enladrillado Vigueta de m Impermeabiliz Viga de Mad Vigueta ma Espaciodevaci Viga de Made Aislante Espacio Tablerovacio infer Aislante Tablero inferio


200

1

2

3

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5

6

7

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9

10

11

12

13

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15

16

17

52.00 2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

NT +6

A 2.00

B 11

2.00

C SUBE

2.00

D 2.00

E 2.00 NPT + 3.00

F

7

8

10 12

2.00

G 2.00

H SUBE

2.00

I 2.00

J

36.00

6

2.00

9

K 2.00

L 5

2.00

M 2.00

N 2

2.00

SUBE

O

14

4 2.00

3 SUBE

P 2.00

Q 2.00

MÓDULOS RETRÁCTILES DE ACCESO

R

1 2.00

S

SANITARY INSTALLATIONS

NPT + 0.00


201

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27 N

0

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

TN 6.00 NTN + 3.00

NTN + 2.50

PLANTA DE ACCESO Y MEZZANINE NIVEL + - 0.00

RN

RN RN

RN

22

TUBERIA TUBO PLUS 4” SA N I TA RY I N S TA L L AT I O N S

21

18

B la c k Wa t e r D ra in a g e 4 “ S a n it a r y P ip e

20 13

17

NTN + 0.00

NTN + 1.50

NTN + 1.50

SUBE

NTN + 1.50

16

19

NTN + 1.50

15

BAJA

0

1

REGISTRO AGUA NEGRA

RN

3

5

SCALE 1:250


202

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

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12

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17

52.00 2.00

2.00

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2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

N +

A 2.00

B 11

2.00

C SUBE

2.00

D 2.00

E

RECOLECCIÓN DE AGUA PLUVIAL

2.00 NPT + 3.00

F

7

8

10 12

2.00

G 2.00

H SUBE

2.00

I 2.00

J

36.00

6

2.00

9

K 2.00

L 5

2.00

M 2.00

N 2

2.00

SUBE

O

14

4 2.00

3 SUBE

P 2.00

Q 2.00

MÓDULOS RETRÁCTILES DE ACCESO

R

1 2.00

S

HYDRAULIC INSTALLATIONS +0.00

NPT + 0.00


203

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27 N

0

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

NTN 6.00 NTN + 3.00 M

NTN + 2.50

PLANTA DE ACCESO Y MEZZANINE NIVEL + - 0.00

CISTERNA AGUA POTABLE 22

H Y D R AU L I C I N S T A LLATIONS +0.00 HIDRONEUMÁTICO TUBERIA TUBOPLUS 2”

21

18

M 20

Wa t e r S t o ra g e Ta n k 2 “ Wa t e r P ip e H y dro p n e u m a tic Tu r tle ty p e A . P m e t e r Stopcock

LLAVE DE PASO

13

17

NTN + 0.00

NTN + 1.50

NTN + 1.50

SUBE

MEDIDOR A.P. TIPO TORTUGA

NTN + 1.50

16

19

NTN + 1.50

15

BAJA

0

1

3

5

SCALE 1:250


204

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

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15

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17

52.00 2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.0

A 2.00

B e nt ie nd Pe

2.00

2%

C 2.00

e

nt

ie

nd

Pe

2%

D 2.00 RECOLECCIÃ&#x201C;N DE AGUA PLUVIAL

E 2.00

F 2.00

G NAZ +6.00

2.00

H 2.00 Pe

I

NAZ +6.00

e

2%

+6.00

Pe

nd

ie

nt

2.00

J

36.00 2.00

K 2.00

L 2.00

M 2.00

N

NAZ +4.00 2.00

O 2.00

P 2.00

Q 2.00

R 2.00

S

HYDRAULIC INSTALLATIONS +9.00

NAZ +6.00

nd

ie

nt


205

18

00

te

19

2.00

20

2.00

21

2.00

22

2.00

23

2.00

24

2.00

25

2.00

26

2.00

27

2.00

PLANTA AZOTEA NIVEL + 9.00

CISTERNA AGUA POTABLE

H Y D R AU L I C I N S T A LLATIONS +9.00 HIDRONEUMÁTICO TUBERIA TUBOPLUS 2”

NAZ +3.00

M

MEDIDOR A.P. TIPO TORTUGA

Wa t e r S t o ra g e Ta n k 2 “ Wa t e r P ip e H y dro p n e u m a tic Tu r tle ty p e A . P m e t e r Stopcock

LLAVE DE PASO

2%

NAZ +4.50

0

1

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5

SCALE 1:250


206

1

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52.00 2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

N +

A 2.00

B 11

2.00

C SUBE

2.00

D 2.00

E 2.00 NPT + 3.00

F

7

8

10 12

2.00

G 2.00

H SUBE

2.00

I 2.00

J

36.00

6

2.00

9

K 2.00

L 5

2.00

M 2.00

N 2

2.00

SUBE

O

14

4 2.00

3 SUBE

P 2.00

Q 2.00

MÓDULOS RETRÁCTILES DE ACCESO

R

1 2.00

S

ELECTRIC INSTALLATIONS +0.00

NPT + 0.00


207

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27 N

0

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

NTN 6.00 NTN + 3.00

NTN + 2.50

PLANTA DE ACCESO Y MEZZANINE NIVEL + - 0.00

LUMINARIA LED EMPOTRADA EN TECHO 22

ELECTRIC I N S T A LLATIONS +0.00 LUMINARIA DE EMPOTRAR FIJO LUMINARIA COLGANTE LED

21

18

LUMINARIA DE EMPOTRAR FIJO

Re c e s s e d t o ce ilin g L E D lig h t H a n g in g lig h t Re c e s s e d t o wa ll lig h t E le ctr ic b o a rd

20

TABLERO GENERAL

13

17

NTN + 0.00

NTN + 1.50

NTN + 1.50

SUBE

NTN + 1.50

16

19

NTN + 1.50

15

BAJA

0

1

3

5

SCALE 1:250


208

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

52.00 2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

A 2.00

24

B 2.00

C 2.00

D 2.00

E 2.00

26 8

F 23

2.00

G 2.00

H 23

2.00

I 26

2.00

J

36.00 2.00

K 2.00

27

SUBE POR EXTERIOR A TERRAZA PRINCIPAL

L NPT +3.00

2.00

M

31

30 2.00

28

BAJA

N 2.00

NAZ +4.50 SUBE

13

O 2.00

3

P 2.00

Q 2.00

R 2.00

S

ELECTRIC INSTALLATIONS +3.00

2.00

2.00

2.00


0

209

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27 N

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

PLANTA BIBLIOTECA NIVEL + 3.00

LUMINARIA LED EMPOTRADA EN TECHO

LUMINARIA COLGANTE LED

25

ELECTRIC NIÃ&#x2018;OS INSTALLATIONS +3.00

29

LUMINARIA DE EMPOTRAR FIJO NAZ +3.00

DOMO

LUMINARIA DE EMPOTRAR FIJO

Re c e s s e d t o ce ilin g L E D lig h t H a n g in g lig h t Re c e s s e d t o wa ll lig h t E le ctr ic b o a rd

TABLERO GENERAL

NAZ +4.50

0

1

3

5

SCALE 1:250


210

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

52.00 2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

34

A 2.00

B 2.00

C 2.00

D 2.00

E 2.00

F 2.00

G NAZ +6.00

2.00

H 2.00

I

NAZ +6.00 2.00

J

36.00 2.00

K 2.00

BAJA

L 33

2.00

M 2.00

N

28

BAJA

NAZ +4.00 2.00

32

O 2.00

14

3

P 2.00

Q 2.00

R 2.00

S

ELECTRIC INSTALLATIONS +6.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.0


00

211

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27 N

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

PLANTA TERRAZA NIVEL + 6.00

LUMINARIA LED EMPOTRADA EN TECHO

ELECTRIC I N S T A LLATIONS +6.00 LUMINARIA DE EMPOTRAR FIJO LUMINARIA COLGANTE LED

NAZ +3.00

DOMO

LUMINARIA DE EMPOTRAR FIJO

Re c e s s e d t o ce ilin g L E D lig h t H a n g in g lig h t Re c e s s e d t o wa ll lig h t E le ctr ic b o a rd

TABLERO GENERAL

NAZ +4.50

0

1

3

5

SCALE 1:250


PUBLIC TOILETS


214

P

ublic Architecture as a lear ning tool

Learning Mockup.Changing the meaning of a public toilet in SMA T he P ubl i c To i l e t M o dul es are a n e s s e n tia l e le m e n t o f lear n i n g t h e t er r i t o r y. It h as b e e n d e s ig n e d f o llow in g t h e lo cal c o n s t r uct i o n know l edg e a n d m a t e r ia ls a va ila b le o n t he s i t e, s h owi ng a “ h ow t o d o it” 1 : 1 M o c k u p t o t h e in f o r m al s e t t l ement s o r n o t f i n is h e d h o u s in g deve lo p m e n ts near t h e t er r i t o r y t hat do no t h a ve a wa t e r s u p p l y o r sewag e s y s t em ( 50% o f t he t o t a l h o u s in g in s id e t h e 3 5 0 h. po l y g o n aro und t h e t er r i t o r y d o e s n o t h a ve s ewag e o r wat er s uppl y ) i n o rder t o do it in t h e ir h o u s e s / f a r m s . O n t he o t her hand, t h i s pu b lic a rc h it e c tu re ty p o lo g y is co n s i dered as dan g ero us , u n co m m o n a n d u n u s u a l in M ex i c o . A s pace l i ke t hi s i n co m b in atio n w it h a n ex t e r io r t e m po rar y g al l er y /i n s t al l at i o n s p a c e tr ie s t o c h a n g e t h is co nc ep t io n . T he des i g n i nt eg rat es t he n at u ra l we tla n d o f t h e t e r r it o r y by t aki n g s o m e o f t h e nec es s a r y wa t e r f o r its o p e ra tio n an d pro ces s o f t h e t h e bl ac k wa t e r b e f o re b e in g s e n t t o t he mun i c i pal drai n ag e s y s t em, w h e re in t h e f u tu re ( 2 0 5 0 ) it i s i nt ended t o f l ow i n t o t h e n ow u n u s e d tre a tm e n t p la n t “ T he Co l o n i es ” , l o c at ed 1.5 km a wa y f ro m t h e t e r r it o r y.


Public toilets Mast er P l an Lo c a ti o n


PGJ

Visitor Center

Library 2800 m2

Library 2800 m2

P u b l i c To i l e t s 100m2 30%

Library 2800 m2

30%

15%

%

Bookshop

70%

13%

P u b Bl oi ock sT hoopi l e t s 100m2

70% 15%

Res t au rant

13% 30%

S er vices Ou ts ide L ear ning

10%

6%

%

Re s t au ra n t

30%

10%

%

5%

%

3%

%

3%

%

%

Res tSaeura ts r v i nc e

30%

Galler y

Ou tsi de Le a r n i n g Galler y

P u b l i c To i l e t s

Ter rac e

L o bby - Te m pora r y G al l e r y

A tt en t i on D e sk

Adm i n i st ra t i on

S er v i c e s

S er vices

D igi t a l Z on e

Top og ra p hy Th e p ro j e c t is co n ce i ve d a s t wo re c t a n g l e s p ro j e c te d fo l l owin g t h e exist in g, n at ura l to p o gra p hy.

Attention Desk 3%

%

Se r v i c e s

Adm inis tratio n

L o bby - Te m po ra r y G al l e r y 3%

70%

A tt entio n D es k

Te r rac e 5%

B o o ksh op

L o bby - Tem po rar y Galler y

Ou t s i de L e a r n i n g 6%

%

Ter race Galler y 6%

6%

P u b l i c To i l e t s 100m2

D igit al Z o ne

Ad m i n i s t ra t i o n

Ser vices

Digital Zone

Pe r m e a b i l i t y Th e p ro gra m i s se p a rate d into t wo b at h mo dul e s to a l l ow p e r me a b i l it y, sub t l e t y a n d fra me d v i e ws.

wo r k

V i su a l Th e mo dul e s a re ro t ate d i n suc h a way t h at yo u h ave a fra me d v i sua l o f t h e n at ura l we t l a n d a n d t h e ex te r i o r te mp o ra r y a r t g a l l e r y.

PROGRAM AND EMPLACEMENT


PUBLIC TOILETS I l l u s tra ti o n o f p u b l i c t o i l e ts a n d t h e i r c o n t ex t.


218

S O U T H E L E VA T I O N PUBLIC TOILETS


219


220


221

PERSPECTIVE SECTION P u bl i c To i l e ts a n d i ts re l ati o n s h i p w i t h i ts co n t ex t.


222

6 A

5 5.52

3.20

4 2.32

3.00

B

1.50

7.75

C 3 1.50

2

D 2.32

5.52

1

1.78 3.20

E

A

6

F

3.00

G

1.77 3.20

5

H

1.50

B 1.50

7.75

7.75 1.50

I

C 1.50

3.00

D

J 1.78

E

1

2

3.20

F 1.78

G 1.50

H 7.75 1.50

I

3.00

0

1

3

5

J

SCALE 1:250

FLOOR PLAN PUBLIC TOILETS


223

2

1 3.20 0.40 1.55

1.30

2.50 1.65

1

0.25

2

1.90

3.20

0.40 1.55

1.30

2.50 1.65

1.90

0.25

D

E

A

B

C 7.75

0.15

0.15 1.50

0.15

0.15

1.35

0.40

1.35

1.35

1.35

0.10 0.50

1.02

2.35 1.65

D

E

A

B

C

0.25

7.75 0.15

0.15

0.15

1.50

0.15

1.35

0.40

1.35

1.35

1.35

0.10 0.50

1.02

2.35 1.65

0

1

2

5

0.25

0

0

1

1

2

5

3

5

SCALE 1:150

LONGITUDINAL AND TRANSVERSE SECTION PUBLIC TOILET MODULE.


224

6 A

5 5.52

3.20

4 2.32

3.00

B

1.50

7.75

C 3 1.50

2

D 2.32

5.52

1

1.78 3.20

E

A

6

F

3.00

G

1.77

ø50

mm

3.20

5

H

1.50

B 1.50

7.75

7.75

ø50

mm 1.50

I

C 1.50

3.00

D 1.78

ø50

E ø50

J

mm

mm

ø50

1

mm

2

3.20

F 1.78

G

ø50

mm

1.50

H 7.75 1.50

I

a

tern

Cis

3.00

0

1

3

5

edal

J

a de

Hum

Agu

SCALE 1:250

HYDRAULIC INSTALLATIONS PUBLIC TOILETS


225

6 A

5

3.20

5.52

4 2.32

3.00

B

1.50

7.75

C

3 ø10

D

m

2

0m

1.50

2.32 5.52

1

1.78 3.20

E RN

A

6

F

m

0m

ø10 3.00

G

1.77

ø1 00

3.20

m

m

RN

B

5

H

1.50

1.50

7.75

7.75

m

0m

ø10

RN

3.00

D

J 1.78

m

0m

ø10

lo

bsue

ación

al su

Fos

E

ca

épti

as

Filtr

ø100 mm

1

RN

3.20

ue

Tanq

ue

Tanq ue

Tanq

2

te 2%

ien

Pend

e ra d n ma Cá ecció p ins

1

I

mm

1.50

ø100

C

1.50

F

2 1.78

3

G 1.50

H 7.75 1.50

I

3.00

0

1

3

5

J

SCALE 1:250

SANITARY INSTALLATION PUBLIC TOILETS


226

6 A

5 5.52

3.20

4 2.32

3.00

B

1.50

7.75

C 3 al

med

A hu

1.50

2

D 2.32

ø50

mm

5.52

1

RG

3.20

ø50

1.78

E

mm

A

6

F

3.00

G

1.77 3.20

5

H

1.50

B 1.50

7.75

7.75 1.50

I

C 1.50

3.00

D

J 1.78

E

1

2

3.20

F 1.78

G 1.50

H 7.75 1.50

I

3.00

0

1

3

5

J

SCALE 1:250

HYDRAULIC INSTALLATIONS A N D G R E Y WAT E R M A N AG E M E N T.


227


COMPLEMENTS


230

EXPERIMENTATION MODELS (ATMOSPHERES AND SYSTEMS)


231

EXPERIMENTATION MODELS (ATMOSPHERES AND SYSTEMS)


232

Bibliographic References

Gr if f it h T. , Owens P. (2014) Healt h of t he Presa Allende, Ar royo Las Cac hinc hes, Phase 2. Chaac Water Group Inc and Cher ubina Lepore, Engineers Wit hout Borders, UK. Cabargas N ., Haas A . , Rus M. (2014) Collective Ecology: An Integrated Hydrological System f or Ar id Climates. Arc hitecture Association Sc hool of Arc hitecture Graduate Sc hool Programmes. London, UK Ribot S. , Dr iva L. , Bra D. (2015) Flooding Mec hanisms. Arc hitecture Association Sc hool of Arc hitecture Graduate Sc hool Programmes. London, UK Har vard University Graduate Sc hool of Design. (2014). Ecological Urbanism.Edición Gustavo Gilli. Barcelona, España. Thom pson, C. (2010) . Hidden landscapes. Ilustración sobre f or mas de deconstr ucción de paisa je. Retr ieved from de: https://www.behance.net Kaika, M. (2005). City of f lows; moder nity, nature and t he city, Routledge taylor and Francis group, N ew Yor k Bar t, M. (2000) Anatomising r ivers, a review of t heir classif ication, or igin and sedimentar y products. Denis Cosgroove, Car to-city: Mapping a urban space Denis Wood,(2010) Ret hinking t he power of maps, The Guilf ord Press Swyngedouw, E. (2013) Circulations and metabolism. (Hybr id) Natures and (Cyborg) Cities Spencer. T (2011) Photographic f ile “El Charco del Ingenio: Par t of Tur tle Conser vancy. San Miguel de Allende, México. Retr ieved from: https://paddle8.com


F L U X U S A new way of conceiving the territory

T h e a i m o f th i s p r o j e c t i s to p e r c e i ve a n d p l an th e te r r i to r y a s a d y n a m i c a n d r e s i l i e n t s y s te m , w h i c h th r o u gh p a r ti c i p a to r y pr o ce s s e s a n d th e u n d e r s ta n d i n g o f th e pr i m o g e n i a l an d a gr i cu l tu r a l l a n ds c a p e , c a n co n c e i ve a n e w a p pr o ac h to de ve l o p i n g e m e r gi n g u r b a n c e n te r s i n G u an a j u a to , M e x i c o . T h i s ca n b e g e n e r a te d al o n g th e u n d e r s ta n d i n g o f th e a c tu al w a te r m a n a ge m e n t a n d th e s c a r c i ty o f th e resource in San Miguel de Allende (SMA). The p r o p o s a l e n c o u r age s th e u n d i s co ve r e d p o te n ti a l s o f th e s tr e am s , po n ds , w e tl a n d s a n d a n o l d a n d u n u s e d w a te r tr e a tm e n t p l an t. F LU X U S i s a s s o ci ate d w i th th e p r e s e r va ti o n o f e n de m i c ve ge tati o n a n d w i th th e tr e a tm e n t a n d u s e o f w a te r i n a p l a ce w i th th e p o te n ti al to pr o vi d e e n vi r o n m e n tal s e r vi ce s to th e te r r i to r y . I t i n cl u d e s p u b l i c a r c h i te c tu r a l e l e m e n ts th a t b e c o m e p l a c e s th at d i g n i fy a n d fu n c ti o n a s a w i n d o w to d i ffe r e n t p o s s i bi l i ti e s an d w a y s o f l e a r n i n g ; th e r e , th e te r r i to r y i s a n e s s e n ti a l pa r t o f th e p r o c e s s o f th e co m m u n i ty de ve l o p m e n t. T h e p r o p o s a l a i m s to m a k e th e te r r i to r y a p l a ce th a t p e o p l e va l u e a n d c o n n e ct w i th . I t qu e s ti o n s h o w th e r o l e o f a r ch i te ct- u r ba n i s t- de s i gn e r w o u l d h a ve to ch an ge to be co m e a b r o a d - ba s e d u n d e r s ta n d e r n o t o n l y fo r a p r o j e c t i n i ts d i ffe r e n t s ca l e s b u t a s an i n te g r a te d a n d a d a p ta b l e s y s te m s th i n k e r . T e r r i to r i a l s y s te m s s u ch as F LU X U S ca n be a n ac ti ve a ge n t i n th e s tr u ctu r i n g o f a ci ty . Pr o p o s e s n e w w a y s o f d e a l i n g w i th e n vi r o n m e n ta l p r o b l e m s a s a to o l to dr i ve th e e c o n o m i c a n d s o c i a l d y n a m i cs o f S a n M i g u e l . A p p r o a c h e s d e ve l o pi n g ar e a s b y a fl e x i b l e , r e ce p ti ve a n d a d a p tab l e w ay a s th e s o ci e ty , e co l o gi c a l p r o c e s s e s a n d th e c i ty e vo l ve .

Fluxus  

A new way of conceiving the territory

Fluxus  

A new way of conceiving the territory

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