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POST ATAL WAZULU-N 2015 | K

atric

recipe

INSIGHT STUDY TIPS INSPIRATION GUIDANCE FINANCE

for success

CAREER IDEAS INSIDE

Visit www.postmatric.co.za for stacks more!

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FROM THE ED

Mistakes maketh the man (and woman)

EDITOR Samantha Collins sam@yesmedia.co.za ART DIRECTOR / DESIGNER Clare Schenk clare@yesmedia.co.za PRODUCTION COORDINATOR Ursula Munnik ursula@yesmedia.co.za ASSISTANT / COPY EDITOR Olivia Main CONTRIBUTORS Christina Kennedy, Robbie Stammers, Kim Maxwell, Gavin Dudley, Peter Rudden NATIONAL SALES MANAGER Jan Weiss jan@yesmedia.co.za PROJECT SALES MANAGER Shakier Groenewald shakier@yesmedia.co.za ADVERTISING SALES Priscilla September Aaminah van Oudtshoorn TEL 021 447 6467 FAX 021 447 6351 EMAIL info@yesmedia.co.za POSTAL ADDRESS PO Box 44383, Claremont 7735, South Africa WEBSITE www.yesmedia.co.za PUBLISHER Yes! Media CEO Deon Muller PRINTED BY CTP Printers

Post Matric is published by Yes!Media. All copyright in material appearing in this magazine belongs to Yes!Media and/or the individual contributors. Opinions expressed are not necessarily those of the editor or Yes!Media. No responsibility is accepted for any errors or omissions in the contents of the magazine.

Post Matric ISSN number 2074-4412

C O V E R

P H O T O :

P E T E R

RU D D E N

OUR COVER

Although they can often be quite corny, I do sometimes feel inspired by the quotes people post on Facebook. And just for the record, I do realise that Facebook is no longer ‘the in thing’ that it was, but it is still my social media platform of choice. I also realise that I am giving away my age with this admission! Anyway, this morning a friend of mine posted the following words penned by the great writer Paulo Coelho: “When you repeat a mistake, it is not a mistake anymore; it is a decision.” Wow, the quote resonated deeply. We all make mistakes and we all have off days; every single one of us. We are human, thus it is inevitable. However, one of the wonderful things about being human is that we also have the ability to reflect on what we have learnt, and to use that knowledge to our advantage. In this way, mistakes become powerful tools that can be used to shape the future we aspire to living. And it was with that very thought in mind that we included some articles in this year’s edition of Post Matric to – hopefully – assist those amongst you who may be struggling a bit, or a lot. Those students whose school career may not have been plain sailing, or who feel their boats are being cast out into vast, turbulent oceans without a safe harbour in sight. Maybe you didn’t quite crack the marks to secure that varsity place you’ve had your heart set on since the year dot: check out our ‘back on track’ tips, and then do just that. Or perhaps university was never on your horizon, but you just don’t know which route to follow when your ship sets sail. Read up on alternatives to varsity; maybe you’ll find the coordinates you’ve been missing. There’s also a useful article unravelling the services offered by the SETAs: could this be your first port of call, as well as some really useful bursary hunting tips, and some fun advice from tertiary students who have braved the storms before you. Don’t worry about the mistakes you may have already made; worry about what you are going to do to steer your ship back on course. Good luck, and may the wind be in your sails.

Sam Collins EDITOR: POST MATRIC

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POST

atric

Contents

Features

18 SLICED AND DICED

Master chef Reuben Riffel chats about his culinary journey and how, from humble beginnings, he has made his name in kitchens across the globe.

26 HOW TO BE COLLEGE COOL OR AN APPIE CHAPPIE A user-friendly guide to the many options open to you once you leave school behind and set sail on the journey of a lifetime.

33 BEAT THE BURSARY BLUES

Once you’ve pinned down the funding, the world is your oyster. Here’s how to secure financial aid to make your tertiary study dreams come true.

38 SETA IS BELIEVING: HOW TO GET A HEAD START IN THE SKILLS RACE Confused about what the SETAs are, and what they offer? Peruse our handy guide and see if there’s a SETA out there that’s right for you.

Entertainment 11 COMPETITION

Win an Asus Transformer Book or Fonepad 7.

13 GOTTA HAVE GADGETS The latest and slickest gadgets and gimmicks.

78 SURVIVE FIRST-YEAR

Experienced students share tips on how to survive first-year in tertiary eduction.

80 DAD’S INSTASHAME

Funnyman Robbie Stammers resorts to desperate measures to keep his cool.

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POST

atric

Contents

Career Junction 46 FARMER 47 SOCIAL WORKER 48 NURSE 49 ACCOUNTANT 52 MAKE-UP ARTIST 53 MAGICIAN 56 MICROBIOLOGIST 57 TEACHER 59 FRAUD EXAMINER 60 SPCA INSPECTOR 63 VOICE ENGINEER 64 FINE ARTIST 65 SECURITY ANALYST 67 SYSTEMS ENGINEER 68 INDUSTRIAL DESIGNER 69 AUDIOLOGIST 71 INTERNAL AUDITOR 72 CRANE OPERATOR 73 MECHANIC 76 GAME RANGER 77 PR OFFICER

For loads more career profiles visit: www.postmatric.co.za

Advertisers 1000 Hills Chefs School 2 Oceans Maritime Academy Air Traffic and Navigation Services Association of Certified Fraud Examiners ASUS Atlas Campus Auditor-General of South Africa Boston City Campus & Business College Creative Arts College Department of Science and Technology Durban University of Technology Embury Institute for Teacher Education FASSET Fern Hill Hotel Training College Higher Education South Africa ICDL Independent Electoral Commission

25 20 81 58 11 44 50 06 01 66 02 32 09 25 12 44 22

Institute of Internal Auditors IQ Academy Jaguar Jeppe College MICT SETA North-West University Oxbridge Academy Rosebank College Sage Pastel Accounting Training South African Qualifications Authority St John Thekwini FET College Umalusi University of the Free State University of Zululand Varsity College

70 20 82 74 62 10 61 04 37 16 29 54 30 61 42 14

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ENTER THE

MY DREAM CAREER

COMPETITION and stand a chance to win a

Meet ASUS’ new ultraportable two-in-one laptop, that switches in a heartbeat between being your average 10-inch notebook (only it’s not average) and a 10-inch tablet. The T100TA features a 10-inch multitouch IPS display (1366 x 786) powered by an Intel Atom processor. The quad-core Z3740 Atom runs at 1.33GHz, but it’s capable of upping its max speed to 1.86GHz should you need a little juice behind the wheel. The processing power is supplemented by 2GB of system memory and users will have 32GB of eMMC flash storage at their disposal in the Transformer tablet. That’s going to equate to quite a speedy ride. Other features include a single USB 3.0 port, as well as ports for micro USB, micro HDMI and Bluetooth 4.0 connectivity.

ASUS Fonepad 7

ASUS Transformer Book T100TA

ASUS Transformer Book or ASUS Fonepad 7!

The ASUS Fonepad 7 features a 1024 x 600 WSVGA IPS 5-finger capacitive screen, seven inches in size. It’s not HD, but it’s effective enough for what you need it to do, especially with that multitouch capability. There is an Intel Atom Z2520 1.2GHz processor. The processor is backed by 1GB of RAM and 4GB of internal storage. If you’re after more storage, the Fonepad 7 also features support for up to 64GB of external space using a microSD card. 802.11 a/b/g/n WiFi is the order of the day as well as Bluetooth 4.0, and HSPA+. The name ‘Fonepad’ means that this dual-SIM tablet is also able to function as a cellular phone, allowing you to leave one of your devices at home when you have this tucked into a backpack.

Visit www.postmatric.co.za to enter HOW TO ENTER: Check out ‘Find my Career’ on www.postmatric.co.za and tell us what sounds most like your dream career. Share with friends for more chances to win! Competition ends: 28 August 2015

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TECH-SAVVY

SAMSUNG GALAXY A5 SMARTPHONE Just as the brand started losing its street cred, Samsung created an outright winner in the A5. It’s the thinnest phone they’ve ever made, and the all-metal body feels fantastic in hand. The 5-inch SuperAMOLED screen is the perfect size for watching clips while still being totally pocketable, and there’s a 5MP front-facing camera with a bunch of cool selfie features, including voice commands. We’re relieved that we can slot in memory cards even though there’s no removable cover. R4900, store.orange.com/za

HOUDT CYCLONE HEADPHONES At a time when street-legal on-ear headphones are looking very same, these SA-developed cans, finished in grainy, tactile wood get you instant bragging rights. They’re light and comfortable for extended sessions, sound fantastic at the price, and you’re not shortchanged on bass either. The braided cable is removable so the headset collapses to a truly portable package, and the gold-plated plugs prevent corrosion, which dulls sound quality. R800, houdt.co.za

Gotta Have

RED-E POWERBANK RC25 Portable batteries, or ‘powerbricks’, deliver a useful emergency charge for heavy smartphone users who don’t see a plug point all day long. Rated at 2500mAh, it’s roughly the size of a phone battery, and small and light enough to carry around in your pocket while plugged into your handset. It also boasts a built in microUSB cable and a neat iPhone adapter plug if you decide to switch sides. R250, red-electronic.com

Hardworking gear that delivers great results at the right price FITBIT CHARGE Fitbit pioneered the market for activity trackers. Their latest offering combines all the functionality of a digital watch with more than enough data gathering for the casual health nut, including a step counter, calorie counter and sleep quality monitor. It all syncs to your smartphone, of course, so you can chart your daily progress towards your fitness or weight loss goals. The topend Charge HR also monitors your heart rate. R1900, dionwired.co.za

GOPRO HERO ACTION CAM Everybody fancies themselves as a YouTube star, and now you can afford the best gear to get your video blog up and running. When action camera maker GoPro released its new model last year (the ultra highdefinition Hero 4) it also uncovered this budget-priced model which films in full HD at 30 frames per second, uses the same wide range of clamps and add-ons, but costs less than a third of the price. R2000, omnico.co.za

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QUESTION TIME

Dear Agony Aunt: Help me get into varsity! Confused about your next step on the road that lies ahead? Read on then plan the best route to take you to your chosen destination... Q: I MET THE MINIMUM ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS, BUT I HAVEN’T BEEN ACCEPTED INTO THE UNIVERSITY PROGRAMME I HAD MY HEART SET ON. WHY IS THAT? A: Unfortunately, having a university entrance and meeting the basic admission criteria doesn’t guarantee you a place. A lot of courses are oversubscribed, and the varsities will pick the top candidates to fill the number of places they have available. You should try to improve your matric marks and apply again. Q: HOW DO I DO THAT? A: If possible, go back to the high school where you wrote your matric and register to redo some or all of your subjects. You can also apply to your district or regional education department office to write a supplementary exam. Another alternative is to rewrite certain subjects through a college. There, you would need to enrol for an NQF Level 4 qualification, which is the academic equivalent of Grade 12. Q: I’VE HEARD HORROR STORIES ABOUT DODGY COLLEGES. HOW DO I KNOW WHICH ARE LEGIT? A: Whether it’s a public or private college, you must make 100% sure it is registered with the Department of Higher Education and Training and the South African Qualifications Authority before enrolling.

Q: IF I WANT TO REWRITE MATRIC SUBJECTS, WHO SHOULD I CONTACT? A: Contact your school, the Matriculation Board, Umalusi (www.umalusi.org.za) or the Department of Higher Education and Training (www.dhet.gov.za) for a list of accredited colleges. Q: MUST I WASTE AN ENTIRE YEAR REDOING SUBJECTS SO I CAN GET UNIVERSITY EXEMPTION OR UPGRADE MY PASS LEVEL? A: No need. You may be able to complete a bridging course that will give you easier entrance into your degree of choice. Some universities offer bridging courses, so find out from your university of choice if you can sign up for one. Q: CAN I REGISTER TO REDO CERTAIN MATRIC SUBJECTS PART-TIME? A: Yes, many colleges offer this option. You can also complete them via correspondence or distance learning. Q: I MADE POOR CHOICES WHEN I SELECTED MY SUBJECTS IN GRADE 10 – AND NOW THAT I’VE MATRICULATED, I CAN’T GET INTO THE COURSE I’VE SET MY SIGHTS ON. CAN I START FROM SCRATCH WITH A NEW SUBJECT? A: There will probably be certain conditions attached, but it is possible. You may be required to complete Grades 10, 11 and 12 in that particular subject.

Q: MY MATRIC MARKS WEREN’T GOOD ENOUGH TO GET ME INTO UNIVERSITY, BUT I’VE SINCE GAINED WORK EXPERIENCE IN MY CHOSEN PROFESSION. CAN I GET A SECOND STAB AT GOING TO VARSITY? A: Luckily, the Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) programme acknowledges the fact that you have gained onthe-job experience and you may be able to register for a degree even without having obtained a university pass. You can approach Higher Education South Africa (www. hesa.org.za) or a university with a copy of your matric certificate, mentioning any experience and training that may be relevant. They will evaluate your application, assess whether you have met the necessary learning outcomes and may provide you with a certificate that recognises your prior learning. Q: CAN I WAIT A FEW YEARS AFTER MATRIC AND ONLY THEN GO AND STUDY, EVEN THOUGH MY MATRIC RESULTS WERE DISMAL? A: Yes. If you are 23 and older, you are regarded as a 'mature student' and many academic institutions (Unisa is one of the more popular options) will allow you to register for an undergraduate degree even if your original matric marks prevented you from studying at the time. POST MATRIC 2015 // 15

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Contact Details Helpline:

0860 111 673 “Please call me” / SMS Service:

072 204 5056 Email: help@careerhelp.org.za Careers website:

www.careerhelp.org.za Twitter:

@NQFcareerhelp Facebook:

www.facebook.com/careerhelp

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What is the NQF AND Career Advice Services Helpline?

How does the public benefit from the helpline’s services?

Making a career choice is one of the most important decisions a learner faces; it is therefore imperative that learners receive relevant information and useful advice to assist them in this process.

Members of the public benefit from the NQF and Career Advice Helpline in that they can access a wide variety of advice, including information on post-school options, genuine qualifications, career options, financial assistance for study, scarce and critical skills, learnerships and other opportunities, as well as options available to less privileged learners. This information is made available in all the African languages.

The South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) is a body set up by Parliament to oversee the further development and implementation of the National Qualifications Framework (NQF). Under the leadership of the Department of Higher Education and Training (DHET), SAQA has established the NQF and Career Advice Helpline. The NQF and Career Advice Helpline was designed as a national, comprehensive, multichannel service to bring information and advice to South Africans, particularly those with little or no access to information on gaining qualifications and choosing careers. The aim is to equip learners with information that will help them decide on work and study paths, enabling them to increase their employability and manage their own career development. Citizens of South Africa – irrespective of their race, gender, background, geographical location or religion, can access the NQF and Career Advice Helpline through various available channels.

WHAT SHOULD YOU CONSIDER WHEN DECIDING ON A CAREER? When deciding on a career, it is important to know which qualification(s) you need to obtain in order to follow that path. Choose a qualification that is registered on the NQF and that is offered by an education and training institution registered with the relevant authorities. Your qualification will be recognised by employers and other institutions, should you need to study further. You should also find out which qualifications are in demand in the world of work.

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SAQA and DHET have developed the National Career Advice Portal (NCAP), an online portal that provides information on occupations and learning pathways. It also offers a Learning Directory that gives contact and geographic location details of public education and training institutions and the quality-assured qualifications they offer. The portal also has an e-Portfolio which guides learners in developing their own career action plans.

Tell us a bit more about the helpline’s channels? The NQF and Career Advice Helpline comprises telephonic, email, SMS messaging, postal and walk-in services. Qualified career advisors deal with all enquiries that come through these channels. Advisors also go out to career exhibitions, particularly in areas where there is little or no access to information on qualifications and careers. The career advisors conduct workshops with life orientation educators and officials in other career advice organisations/centres. The NQF and Career Advice Helpline uses social media – namely Facebook and Twitter, a mobi-site and website, as well as publications and weekly African languages radio programmes – to reach the public as widely as possible.

2014/05/19 9:51 AM


So you want to be a chef and restaurateur? Kim Maxwell speaks to Reuben Riffel about what it takes to achieve success.

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INSPIRATIONAL PEOPLE

Sliced and diced "I

was just drifting at 18," says MasterChef SA judge Reuben Riffel. "My mom Sylvia worked at Chamonix restaurant in Franschhoek. She organised me a job as a barman and waiter. As it happens in small restaurants, it gave me an opportunity to be in the kitchen." Reuben worked as a kitchen hand under a French chef, where he was taught to make potato gratin and to debone legs of lamb and tie them. "I was very scared of everyone, but was loving learning new things," he explains. "Shortly afterwards chef Richard Carstens took over, and I still wasn’t always sure it was for me. I was working long hours while my friends were chilling at the beach. But I stuck it out. There were many times I felt like I was going to get stuck there. Doubt is normal, but you have to realise you are in control of your own life. A lot of people have that experience early in their career. The better stuff comes later – people get to know you, and opportunities come up." Reuben’s childhood in Franschhoek involved gardening, food gatherings and family. These elements played another important role in shaping his culinary career from a young age. He regularly helped his grandfather harvest fruit and vegetables from his garden. The family slaughtered chickens and pigs on occasion, and shot pigeons to eat. "It’s nice to see a cool butchery, but we must understand where our food comes from," he says. Reuben’s first big career opportunity came about when Franschhoek’s Monneaux restaurant was looking for a head chef. "I think I showed I had a knack for cooking," he says. Chef Carstens recommended Reuben for the job, and the next year Monneaux made the Eat Out guide’s Top 10 restaurant list. "That’s where people started to notice me," Reuben grins.

Local work offers came rolling in, but he stuck to his plan: Reuben wanted overseas work experience, which is important for any chef. He was given the opportunity to open a restaurant in Cambridge, England. But it wasn’t long before former customers from Franschhoek tracked Reuben down and offered him his own restaurant back home. The offer was too good to refuse. The chef returned to South Africa and Reuben’s opened in Franschhoek in 2005. Reuben Riffel hit the jackpot as a chef in 2006: Reuben’s restaurant won both the Eat Out ‘Restaurant of the Year’ and ‘Chef of the Year’ awards. Initially Reuben says he focused on being a great chef. The awards put him under pressure to maintain standards, so what was supposed to be a casual family restaurant morphed into a soughtafter upmarket bistro as word spread. ➲

"I THINK I SHOWED I HAD A KNACK FOR COOKING"

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INSPIRATIONAL PEOPLE

"BEING A RESTAURATEUR, I OFTEN THINK MAYBE I SHOULD HAVE ONLY ONE RESTAURANT AND HAVE CONTROL. BUT I’M NOT GOING TO TAKE THE SAFE ROUTE. I’M GOING TO CHALLENGE MYSELF."

But once his kitchen was under control, Reuben changed tack and started taking the opportunities on offer to him in business. "Once you’re successful as a chef and restaurateur, you have to make a decision: do I keep it as is, or capitalise on this and grow it?" he says. "Either you make your restaurant bigger, or find other opportunities. Initially I said no to expansion, until I decided to think differently." He still owns the flagship Reuben’s restaurant in Franschhoek. But in recent years Reuben has trained chefs and empowered them to operate restaurants that he oversees in a consulting role. They include the Reuben’s One & Only, Robertson’s Reuben’s at the Robertson Small Hotel, Reuben’s at Abalone House in Paternoster, and Franschhoek’s Racine at Chamonix winery. Reuben’s super-organised wife Maryke is very involved in running his businesses, and is also his manager. Together they own a KitchenAid shop in Franschhoek, and Reuben has produced three cookbooks. Aside from being a MasterChef SA judge, he is paid to endorse Robertsons Spices in advertisements. "We have different characteristics. Maryke is organised and very straightforward. She keeps things together," he says. "She’s also a mum and creates a family environment for us." Their children are fiveyear-old Latika, and Max, aged two. "Working with someone you trust in restaurants goes without saying. Someone who knows your good and bad elements is also important."➲

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INSPIRATIONAL PEOPLE

Does being a celebrity affect Reuben? In the beginning he admits he was taken in by some of the hype that people wrote about him. "But I’ve realised you must portray yourself as you are," he says. When people ask for autographs and pictures now he humbly obliges, but doesn’t buy into the celebrity thing. "When you’re on TV and things are rehearsed, it feels forced. Through interactions with people on MasterChef talking about a dish, I can really be myself. I did find it very difficult to allow people to continue doing the wrong thing on the show. I got into trouble about that!" Operating so many restaurants and other businesses means Reuben isn’t in a kitchen daily. "If you talk about cheffing, we’re being judged all the time by diners. When a customer goes to a restaurant, they usually look to the chef as the person responsible," he says. "I’ve been lucky that I built up a core group of chefs who assist me in what I do. Sometimes the staff have personal issues that affect my businesses, and then we invest more time in sorting

that out." Reuben focuses on the cookbooks and TV endorsements, while his chef team mostly run the restaurants. "I’m still involved, but they have to buy into what we’re about and take ownership of it," he says. "Being a restaurateur, I often think maybe I should have only one restaurant and have control. But I’m not going to take the safe route. I’m going to challenge myself," grins Reuben. "You can either be the guy that wants to put his arms around what he has to control. Or you can become good at training and delegating and inspiring people to do things the way you want it to be done. More difficult, but not impossible." ➲

What a chef earns monthly:

 apprentice commis chef

(restaurant/hotel), from R3500 chef de partie, R4500 to R6000 senior chef de partie (usually only at a hotel), about R8000 hotel senior sous chef, from R15,000 to R20,000 executive chef, from R20,000 to R40,000

Culinary studies or apprenticing for work experience? "A commis chef or chef de partie definitely needs a culinary school diploma, as it covers essential skills and a few practical training stints at restaurants. But when it comes to employing a senior role as a sous chef, experience is more important for me than any diploma," says Reuben. ➲

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Don’t mope at home if you lack chef experience. If you’ve studied and are sending out your CV, ultimately experience is king. But as an employer I’m not even going to look at a chef who’s just sitting at home. Get a job as a waiter and interact with people. We had a waiter at Reuben’s One & Only who’s now selling Ferraris at Viglietti Motors because a customer noticed his skills.

REUBEN'S TIPS

Start small and look for opportunities around you. Why don’t more people grow vegetables and supply good restaurants? Start a small café, or take a food stand at a market. Many young chefs return from the UK and Dubai after working for big-name chefs, and want to open a fancy restaurant. If you have a new product, a good investor and the pricing is right, then fine. But test the waters and be sure there’s a market for what you’re offering. In smaller communities, you need the buy in of the people that will become your customers.

As a chef, learn the restaurant business. Or find a partner who is good at food costing, to have a viable business. Don’t only focus on chef skills. Do your homework and you’ll see many new restaurants fail because they don’t get that right.

Have a master plan when you start. The beginning of your cheffing career should be about gaining maximum experience. That means working at many good establishments, because every chef works differently. Too many chefs work for one boss for too long.

Don’t be unrealistic about remuneration. A lot of chefs work at hotels because salaries are better. You can gain good experience, but don’t do it only for the money or eventually you’ll get stuck there.

If you think you want to be a chef after seeing celebrity chefs on TV, Reuben suggests volunteering for some kitchen holiday work to see what it’s about. "What you see on TV doesn’t happen in the industry. Cheffing isn’t glamorous. It takes many years of anti-social hours and hard work. Maybe you’d think there are easier ways of achieving cheffing success, but the old-fashioned way, taking time and putting in the effort, is still the better way."

Where to study: ✐ Cape Town and Winelands

Silwood School of Cookery, Rondebosch. www.silwood.co.za ✐ South African Chefs Academy, Observatory. www.sachefsacademy.com ✐ Institute of Culinary Arts, Stellenbosch. www.icachef.co.za ✐ Joburg and Pretoria Prue Leith Chefs Academy, Pretoria. www.prueleith.co.za ✐ HTA School of Culinary Art, Randburg. www.htachefschool.co.za ✐ Durban and Midlands Jackie Cameron School of Food & Wine, Hilton. www.jackiecameron.co.za ✐ The Fusion Cooking School, Durban. www.fusioncooking.co.za ✐ 1000 Hills Chef School, Botha’s Hill. www.thechefschool.com

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Does food ignite your passion? Do you live to socialise with people? Study Cheffing or Hotel Management at Fern Hill Hotel Training College • City & Guilds and CATHSSETA accredited • Internationally recognised • Full board and lodging included • You’re qualified in just TWO YEARS! Tel: 033 330 5071 Email: training@fernhillhotel.co.za www.fernhillhotel.co.za

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FORWARD THINKING

It

often gets drummed into us at school that if we don’t get a degree, we’re going to end up on the street. But not everyone can afford to go to university. Besides that, some of us are simply not academically inclined. So here’s the thing: what if we told you that you could skip varsity and still get a good job – and one that pays decently, at that? Does it sound too good to be true? It isn’t! Firstly, let’s not diss degrees. It’s a fact that university graduates can often demand double or triple the pay than non-graduates can. And they have less of a chance of finding themselves unemployed after graduating. But there are loads of in-demand jobs out there that don’t require that gilded piece of paper – and, of course, if you’re entrepreneurial enough you may eventually have the luxury (and satisfaction) of writing your own pay cheque.

A case in point is a certain Bill Gates. The Microsoft founder and global philanthropist has been named the richest person in the world by Forbes magazine a staggering 27 times. And he dropped out of Harvard University. Other college dropouts who went on to be trailblazers and icons are movie director Steven Spielberg, Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg and Apple pioneer Steve Jobs.

YOU CAN GET SKILLS SAVVY THROUGH OTHER MEANS! Of course, not everyone is going to be a business shape-shifter like these icons. So don’t entirely rule out some form of further education and training, because it will certainly give you the edge in the workplace.

How to be college cool or an appie chappie So you didn’t get into university. Bummer! But it’s not the end of the world – there are other avenues leading the way to your dream career

But having a university degree is not the be-all and end-all. You’re not doomed to be a bum if you don’t have one! The good news is that you can capitalise on your talents, skills and interests and forge a successful career by enrolling at a college, taking up an apprenticeship or signing up for an internship. You CAN make it happen. South Africa has a high unemployment rate – which is even steeper among the youth – but the government has identified artisanal and technical skills as being in hot demand in the labour market. Training up thousands more artisans and technicians is anticipated to stimulate economic growth and create additional jobs. The upshot of this is that you are almost guaranteed a job if you choose to study or train for a vocation that addresses South Africa’s critical skills shortage.

✱ So, don’t be depressed if you didn’t get university entrance, or you couldn’t get a place in the course of your choice, or you simply couldn’t afford the astronomical varsity fees. You can get skills savvy through other means! ➲

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Here are some career-focused alternatives to university: Private colleges There are hundreds of registered private colleges in South Africa, offering tailored diplomas or certificates that are aimed at producing graduates who are trained and ready to enter the workplace. Independent colleges may be dedicated to, for example, nursing, fitness, accounting and business skills, while others offer more general fields of study. Some established brands, like Boston, Damelin, Intec, City Varsity and Midrand Campus, have a solid track record. But look out for the bogus operators – those that are not accredited by Umalusi on behalf of the Department of Higher Education and Training, and those whose courses are not registered with the South African Qualifications Authority. In other words, it is important to determine whether your desired college complies with industry standards. Otherwise, you may get a nasty shock upon finding that your hard-earned qualification is not worth the paper it’s printed on. That’s why it’s important to do your homework in advance. Check the NQF (National Qualifications Framework) level of your prospective qualification against the requirements of the marketplace. An NQF-registered grading means it is a nationally recognised qualification. There are pros and cons to private colleges. They generally charge more for tuition than public colleges do, because they receive no state subsidy. But a plus is that the entrance requirements are usually not as high as they are for university, so you have a better chance of being accepted.

FET colleges/ Vocational training South Africa’s Further Education and Training (FET) colleges, which have recently been rebranded as Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) colleges, have long been the neglected stepchildren of the higher education system. Many school-leavers have been reluctant to enrol at one of these government-funded technical colleges for fear of receiving an inferior-quality education: they were thought of as cheap ’n nasty. That stigma is slowly starting to change. For one, the minister is intent on transforming these colleges into vital cogs in the job-creation machine – and is

willing to plough money into them. This is because they can impart a number of the country’s in-demand skills through job-specific or occupational training. A turnaround strategy has already started making progress in improving the quality of learning and management at these institutions. But why should you opt for a public technical college? If you choose one with a good reputation, you’ll gain skills and training in a field that makes you highly employable, especially if you are considering becoming an artisan or technician of some sort. Some of these colleges require only a Grade 9 or Grade 10 certificate, making them

Check your college’s pedigree How do you know if your college is legitimate? MSC Business College has some tips for prospective students: ✔ Is it accredited and can it produce a registration number? ✔ What NQF level are its diplomas and/or certificates? ✔ How much does the course cost, and are there flexible payment options? ✔ Are there any hidden costs, such as study materials and registration fees? ✔ What study resources – such as libraries, computers and internet – are available to students? ✔ Does it have a good reputation in the job market? ✔ Check out www.colleges.co.za for a list of accredited and recommended colleges. ✔ Consult the South African Qualifications Authority website for info and careers advice – www.saqa.org.za.

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FORWARD THINKING accessible to the average would-be student. They also offer vocational instruction to high schoolage children who are able to obtain the technical equivalent of a matric. A college diploma can also serve as a bridging course for admission to universities of technology (the former technikons).

Internships Interning – which usually involves doing work for a small stipend or even for free – is a valuable gateway to gain professional skills, knowledge and experience. Job seekers often complain they can’t get a foot in the door of any workplace because they lack experience. But the benefit of interning is that you gain valuable real-world experience and references to beef up your CV, making you more employable. And even better: if you excel, you may be offered a permanent (and paying) position at the end of the internship. Thinking of taking a gap year after matric? Check out internship and volunteer work opportunities overseas and see the world while you work! So, consider approaching a company and offering your labour for nada. Most employers will appreciate your initiative and enthusiasm. If they ask you to stay on at the end of your internship, they may even be able to finance your salary from the government’s youth wage subsidy scheme. By starting at the bottom, getting to know the nuts and bolts and gradually working your way up, you’ll be able to familiarise yourself with a particular industry.

Alternatively, consider volunteering at your local SPCA, church, children’s shelter or old age home. That way, you will notch up work experience and it will also show anyone looking at your CV that you are a caring and socially committed citizen.

Apprenticeships and learnerships South Africa’s shortage of skilled tradespeople and artisans means that there are great opportunities in the hands-on 'learn while you earn' category. An apprenticeship is generally trade-based, while a learnership is usually profession-based. Both are connected to on-the-job workplace training. Some companies offer learnerships, where you work while studying and training towards a qualification. These occupational learnerships, which are funded by employers via the Sector Education and Training Authorities (SETAs), combine theory and practical elements and are aimed at addressing the specific needs of the labour market. (See page 38 for information on the SETAs and how they can help you.) A trade apprenticeship also combines workplace and formal learning, and is based on an agreement between the individual who wants to learn the skill and the employer who needs a skilled worker – a win-win situation. You will gain practical skills on-site under the supervision of a qualified tradesman. In the case of both apprenticeships and learnerships, you will earn a salary while working towards what is essentially a free qualification. Because you are taught valuable skills in a practical environment, you have an excellent chance of nailing down a decent job at the end of your training. Give it a go and prove what you're made of!

Want a career in Community Health? If you have a valid Grade 11 certificate or higher and want a rewarding career in personal care giving or community based health work, contact St John to enrol for the National Certificate in Community Health Work NQF Level 2 (ID 64749). If you have a Grade 12 certificate, you can complete the FET Certificate in Community Health Work NQF Level 4 (ID 64697). Both courses are one year, full qualifications which are accredited with the Health & Welfare SETA. For more information about these course, contact us now: St John – Bloemfontein (051) 444-6276 St John - Cape Town (021) 461-8420 St John - Durban (031) 305-6588 St John - Johannesburg (011) 403-4227 Or visit our website www.stjohn.org.za

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MATRIX OF UMALUSI QUALITY ASSURED AND CERTIFIED QUALIFICATIONS On which NQF level is the qualification?

What kind of qualification is this?

Which Grade is equivalent?

Who can study for the qualification?

General Education and Training Certificate: NQF Level 1 Adult Basic Education and Training (GETC: ABET)

General qualification with academic and vocational subjects

Grade 9

Learners 16 years or older who have not passed Grade 9 or an equivalent NQF level 1 qualification

National Senior Certificate (NSC)

Academic qualification

Grade 12

School learners between the ages of 16 and 19 who have passed Grade 9

NQF Level 4

Amended Senior Certificate (ASC)

NQF Level 4

Academic qualification

Grade 12

Adult learners over the age of 21 who have: • a GETC: ABET or passed Grade 9 or an equivalent NQF level 1 qualification including two official languages • an incomplete Senior Certificate post2014 • an incomplete NSC and an expired School-Based Assessment component Out of school youth: 18-21 years old who could not complete their school education and, due to special circumstances, could not be accommodated longer in the school system, as verified by the Head of Department

National Certificate Vocational (NCV) Level 4

NQF Level 4

Vocational qualification

Grade 12

School learners between the ages of 16 and 19 who have passed Grade 9 or an equivalent NQF level 1 qualification

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How long does it take to complete the qualification?

How many subjects are required to successfully complete the qualification? Register for minimum 5 subjects (120 credits): • Language, Literacy and Communication • Maths Literacy/ Maths and Maths Sciences • Life Orientation • Minimum two electives from Academic or Vocational specialisations (51 credits)

What are the pass requirements for the qualification?

Where can one study for this qualification?

Minimum 50% in a minimum of 5 subjects (120 credits)

Public Adult Education Centres or private Adult Education Centres accredited by Umalusi

Minimum three years, from Grade 10 to Grade 12

Register for 7 subjects: • 1 Official language at Home Language (HL) Level • 1 Official language at First Additional Language (FAL) Level • Maths/Maths Literacy • Life Orientation • 3 Subjects from list of approved • NSC subjects

• Minimum 40% in 3 subjects, including one official language at HL level • Minimum 30% in 3 subjects • Submit the SBA component in the failed subject

Public schools or independent schools accredited by Umalusi

Minimum one year

Register for 6 subjects: New SC applicants: • 2 Official languages • Maths/Maths Literacy • 3 Subjects selected from list of newly approved SC subjects Learners with SC credits obtained before July 2014: • Select the remaining subject from list of approved SC subjects NSC part-time repeaters: • 3 Subjects selected from list of approved SC subjects • Mathematics required for certification

• Minimum 40% in a minimum of 5 subjects, including two languages, one at HL and one at FAL Level • Minimum aggregate of 720 marks • Sub-minimum 20% in the failed subject

Public Adult Education Centres or private Adult Education Centres accredited by Umalusi

• Minimum 40% in required official language • Minimum 40% in Life Orientation • Minimum 30% in Maths/ Maths Literacy • Minimum 50% in each of 4 vocational subjects

Public Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) colleges or Umalusi-accredited private TVET colleges

Minimum one year for AET level 4 (point of certification), not including AET Levels 1-3

Minimum three years • NC(V) Level 2 and NC(V) Level 3 must be completed before entry into NC(V) Level 4. • Each NC(V) qualification takes minimum 1 year

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Register for 7 subjects: • 1 Official language at HL or FAL level • Life Orientation • Maths/Maths Literacy • 4 Subjects chosen from vocational programmes

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MONEY TALKS

Beat the bursary blues Somewhere over the funding rainbow… your dream of a degree or a diploma can come true.

Bright but broke? Gifted but penniless? Don’t despair – there are funding angels out there to help those who want to study further after matric.

F

rom bursaries and grants to student loans, would-be students can take advantage of a range of tertiary education funding options. It used to be the case that only the moneyed elite could gain a quality education, but the playing fields are slowly being levelled. Take for instance the story of Thashlin Govender, who says: “When I reflect on my matric year, there was so much concern and uncertainty as to how I would pay for my studies after school. Had it not been for my grandmother, who paid for my registration fees at the Durban University of Technology with her savings from her social grant, and the National Student Financial Aid Scheme, I would not have been able to achieve any of my dreams.” Thashlin went on to complete three Master’s degrees at three different universities, and now also has his PhD in epidemiology – all thanks to sheer grit, hard work and financial aid. That’s a good news story, and there are many of them. The not-so-good news is how much university actually costs.

At the University of the Witwatersrand, for example, first-year tuition fees in 2015 ranged from R32 000 for an LLB to R42 000 for a BCom to R57 000 for a BSc. And fees for a catering residence, with all meals and accommodation provided, were pegged at up to R66 000 a year. That means you’re R100 000 out of pocket without even factoring in transport, toiletries, books and socialising! And private colleges can cost even more. But the shadow that looms large over newly matriculated teens with big dreams and small bank balances needn’t be a permanent one. Help is at hand – even if you don’t have the best matric results in the world. You just need to be persistent and apply for any and every form of financial aid you can lay your hands on. And you have to make sure you’re the early bird that catches the funding worm. The earlier you get your application in (often you can even submit your Grade 11 results), the better the chance you’ll have of snagging a grant. ➲ POST MATRIC 2015 // 33

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Depending on the type of financial aid you receive, you may be required to repay it – either directly or by working for your benefactor for a certain period once you’ve finished your degree. So you need to ask yourself upfront if you have the staying power to pursue a particular study path right to the end, because if you don’t, you’ll still be liable for those fees. There’s nothing worse than being saddled with tuition debt for abandoned studies! Before you commit to a field of study, ask yourself whether your chosen path is ideally suited to your abilities and personality. Will you be able to find a job at the end of it? What are the scarce skills that are in demand in the marketplace? Start googling to suss out companies, institutions and government departments that offer financial assistance to students. And don’t stress if you receive letters of rejection. Don’t give up – there is a bursary, loan or scholarship out there with your name on it!

Reality check • In 2014, South Africa’s matric pass rate was 75.8%. A total of 28.3% qualified to study at university. However, many universities don’t think a matric certificate holds much value and you may be subject to an entrance test before being considered for some courses. • Remember: A matric pass with university exemption does NOT guarantee you a place at a university. Despite the recent addition of two new institutions of higher learning, South Africa still does not have enough places at its public universities to cater for the demand from matriculants eligible to study towards bachelor’s degrees. According to a recent TimesLive report, only one in eight matrics who apply to universities will be accepted – a scary statistic. • The national unemployment rate is about 24%, but that figure is almost double for young South Africans aged 30 and younger. On the flip side of the coin, economist Mike Schussler points out only 7% of degree graduates are unemployed. And if you are an artisan with a trade, there’s only a 12% chance that you won’t find work. You do the maths: it’s in your best interests to pursue higher education.

Bag that bursary • A bursary is a study grant that you don’t need to repay – unless you fail in your studies, that is. But there may be conditions attached, such as doing volunteer work or maintaining a certain standard of academic performance.

Remember: A matric pass with university exemption does NOT guarantee you a place at a university.

• A bursary is based on financial need, while a scholarship is usually merit-based (artistic, academic or sporting ability). But you still need good marks to ensure you’re at the front of the funding queue. • It’s important to take the correct subjects in Grade 10 that will help ease your way into your dream career. Don’t just take the easiest subjects that you’re most likely to pass – you may come to regret it! • Find out what the minimum admission requirements are for the degree, diploma or certificate course you want to follow. Make sure you don’t merely meet those minimum standards, but exceed them. Popular courses are usually oversubscribed and you could be denied a place, even if you qualify for it on paper. • Find out what marks you need to qualify for a bursary. Again, don’t just meet those minimum standards – surpass them. The better you are academically, the better your chances of finding funding. • Attend the open days of universities and colleges, and gather information on all the funding options. • Apply early! The closing date for some bursary schemes can be as early as 12 months in advance of you starting your studies. • Make sure your CV is a knockout! First impressions count. It must look professional and neat, and be error-free. Motivate strongly why you should be considered for a bursary. Include any volunteer or holiday work you have done, especially if it pertains to your intended study direction. • Have certified copies made of your results (Grade 11 and/or prelims) and your ID document. Certification can be done for free at your local police station. • Invest in a copy of The Bursary Register (it costs about R120). This invaluable booklet will show you how to compile a CV, apply for bursaries, scholarships and loans, and advise how to conduct yourself at an interview. Find it at bookshops, libraries and tertiary institutions’ financial aid offices. ➲

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MONEY TALKS

FUNDING OPTIONS TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS ■ Apply for a bursary at the university or college where you intend to study. Visit, email or phone their financial aid office well in advance to find out more. ■ Many of these bursaries are only available to South African citizens. ■ Once you are enrolled at university, you may also qualify for an academic merit award based on your results during your first year of study. ■ Some universities also offer partial bursaries for art, cultural, sporting or leadership achievements at school.

THE NATIONAL STUDENT FINANCIAL AID SCHEME (NSFAS) ■ The Department of Higher Education’s National Student Financial Aid Scheme (NSFAS) awards study loans and bursaries to financially needy and academically competent South African undergraduate students. ■ Students at public universities and further education and training (FET) colleges can apply for loans ranging from R2 000 to R30 000 to cover tuition, accommodation, transport, food and textbook costs. But you can’t apply for a NSFAS loan if you intend to study at a private college. ■ The scheme offers study loans at a low interest rate (currently 4.4%) without the need for surety, and you only have to begin your repayments once you are earning R30 000 a year. You do, however, need to prove that your household income is less than R122 000 a year. ■ If you pass all your courses, you could get 40% of your NSFAS loan converted into a bursary. But if you fail or drop out, you’ll have to repay every cent. ■ NSFAS also administers bursary funds for aspiring teachers, social workers and those studying in scarce-skills disciplines, and FET college bursaries. ■ Bear in mind that the demand for NSFAS loans far outstrips the supply, and there have been student protests and riots at various universities when funding has been delayed or denied. ■ Contact NSFAS at 0860 NSFAS (067327) or 021 763 3232, SMS 32261 or write to Private Bag X1, Plumstead 7801, South Africa. You can also email info@nsfas.org.za or visit www.nsfas.org.za

GOVERNMENT INSTITUTIONS ■ Approach your local municipality, or the provincial or national government department relevant to your studies – they often have a number of bursaries up for grabs. The Funza Lushaka bursary scheme, for example, is open to students studying for a teaching qualification. ➲

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THE PRIVATE SECTOR ■ Many companies – particularly those operating in the scarce and critical skills sectors, such as mining and engineering – award contract bursaries, usually with conditions such as: o You have to pass your subjects – otherwise you must pay for the courses you fail; o You will be contractually bounded to work at the company for a specified number of years after completing your studies; and o You will be required to study in a field specified by the company (e.g. BCom Accounting, BSc Engineering). ■ Companies that award bursaries include: Spoornet, Transnet, Sasol, Absa, Anglo American, Gold Fields, Anglo Platinum, Eskom, Sasol, Iscor, De Beers, Edgars, SA Breweries, Harmony, Mintek, AECI, Engen, Group 5, Murray & Roberts, PPC, the SA Institute of Race Relations, the SA Weather Service, Vodacom and Old Mutual. ■ Eduloan is a private company that provides loans to students whose parents are permanently employed. Visit www.eduloan.co.za

USEFUL LINKS ✱ ✱ ✱ ✱ ✱ ✱

www.nsfas.org.za www.thecareersportal.co.za www.careerhelp.org.za sa.gostudy.info or www.gostudy.mobi www.studentbrands.co.za www.puffandpass.co.za

BANK LOANS ■ The major banks all offer student loans, to be repaid with interest once you’ve completed your studies. You will need someone to sign surety for you. ■ South African citizens and non-South Africans with valid study permits can apply for these study loans, which can be taken out for studies at a university, FET college or SA Qualifications Authority-accredited private college. ■ Contact the big four banks: Standard Bank: 0860 123 000, www.standardbank.co.za First National Bank: 0860 100 762, www.fnb.co.za ABSA: 0860 100 372, www.absa.co.za Nedbank: 0860 555 111, www.nedbank.co.za

STUDY WHILE YOU WORK ■ If you’re already working, why not find out if your employer can pay for your studies? Larger companies have to pay a skills development levy, which goes to Sector Education and Training Authorities (SETAs) and the Skills Development Fund. These funds are available to finance the training of a company’s own employees. ■ Employers can claim a SARS refund if they train their workers. So, if you want to study through your company – as long as it is related to your job – you could get your tuition paid by your boss. Bonus!

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SETA is believing:

How to get a head start in the skills race

Here’s a scary fact: more than half the matrics who leave school every year don’t have the basic skills to get a job in any sector of the economy. And even if you make it to university, as many as 7 000 South African graduates are jobless at any given time.

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ON-THE-JOB TRAINING

I

t’s depressing to think that you may end up being just another statistic among the country’s 4.9-million unemployed masses. But there are actually jobs out there – you just need to know where they are, how to look for them and how to get yourself trained up for them. And this is where the SETAs come in: they aim to develop people’s skills through hands-on workplace experience. You may have heard of the SETAs but are unsure what they’re all about. Don’t worry – you’re not alone. The SETAs are South Africa’s Sector Education and Training Authorities, and there are currently 21 of them. Basically, there is a SETA for every sector of the economy, focusing on boosting the skills sets and abilities needed in that particular area through practical workplace training. So, for example, there is a SETA that covers agriculture, and another one dealing with banking. There’s a SETA encompassing health and welfare, one dealing with insurance, one focusing on food and beverages, and so on. These SETAs have to develop sector skills plans that tie in with the National Skills Development Strategy – a roadmap of the skills needed to rev up the engine of the economy.

History of the SETAs Before 2000, there were 33 industry training boards in South Africa. They mainly covered apprenticeships. Then the government passed the Skills Development Act, which outlined the new SETA system. The aim was to develop a series of skills plans for each sector, to identify the trends, the in-demand skills and the training priorities. Each sector is made up of related and complementary economic activities. The main difference between the old and new systems is the SETAs’ expanded focus on learnerships, internships, skills programmes and apprenticeships. There were 23 SETAs to begin with, but they have since been juggled to better meet the needs of the economy, and today there are 21 such bodies. They used to fall under the Department of Labour, but are now the responsibility of the Department of Higher Education and Training.

What do the SETAs do? ■ They help school-leavers gain much-needed skills in their chosen field ■ They help those already in the workplace to add to their skills ■ They function as quality controllers, accrediting education and training providers and ensuring these institutions do their job properly ■ They draw up sector skills plans to identify priorities for skills development in each area of the economy ■ Thanks to the skills levies they collect, the SETAs create and fund learnerships with employers

What is a learnership? ■ A learnership is similar to an apprenticeship – it combines practical on-the-job workplace training with theoretical knowledge. In other words, you learn while you earn. The main difference is that apprenticeships are associated with so-called blue-collar trades, while learnerships also prepare people for jobs in professional and service-related careers. ■ Learnerships are outcomes-based and are linked to a specific occupation or field of work, such as electrical engineering, hairdressing or project management. You will receive a qualification registered with the National Qualifications Framework (NQF) at the end of your learnership. ■ Learnerships provide easy access to learning and help young people gain a formal qualification. ➲

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How are the SETAs funded? The SETAs collect skills development levies from employers in each sector of the economy. At the moment, companies with a payroll of R500 000 or more per year must contribute 1% of their salary payroll to the South African Revenue Service for this purpose. The SETAs then make some of this money available within their sector for educating and training existing employees as well as school-leavers.

Are the SETAs trustworthy? Some have been criticised for mismanagement and failure to deliver on their mandate. However, part of the recent shake-up in the SETAs included putting measures in place to improve their reputation and performance.

How can the SETAs help me? You can contact the individual SETAs for a list of approved companies in that sector that offer free learnerships, and then apply for as many of these onthe-job training opportunities as possible. Should you be successful, you will probably be asked to sign a short-term contract with the employer. This means that you will be able to work while developing skills at no cost to you – and may even earn an allowance. And there is a good chance that you will get a job afterwards, perhaps even at the company you interned with. You can also visit the Employment Services of South Africa section on the Department of Labour’s website (www.labour. gov.za) to upload your CV so that you can be matched with potential employers who are recruiting for learnerships.

How can the SETAs help me? AGRISETA 1 Agricultural Sector Education and Training Authority www.agriseta.co.za Sample jobs: farm manager, agricultural engineer, conservation officer, livestock inspector, veterinarian, crop analyst

BANKSETA 2 Banking Sector Education and Training Authority www.bankseta.org.za Sample jobs: bank teller, investment banker, home loans officer, debt counsellor, chartered accountant, foreign exchange officer

CATHSSETA 3 Culture, Arts, Tourism, Hospitality and Sports Sector Education and Training Authority www.cathsseta.org.za Sample jobs: fitness instructor, confectionary baker, hotel manager, park ranger, marine biologist, travel consultant, tour guide, lighting technician

CETA 4 Construction Education and Training Authority www.ceta.org.za Sample jobs: building surveyor, site engineer, architect, town planner, structural engineer, civil engineer

CHIETA 5 Chemical Industries Education and Training Authority www.chieta.org.za Sample jobs: chemical engineer, industrial engineer, quality systems manager, geologist, environmental protection professional

EWSETA 6 Energy and Water Sector Education and Training Authority www.ewseta.org.za Sample jobs: forklift operator, safety officer, water quality analyst, civil engineer, project manager, solar installer

ETDP 7 Education, Training and Development Practices Sector Education and Training Authority www.etdpseta.org.za Sample jobs: maths teacher, nursery school teacher, office administrator, school principal, secretary FASSET 8 Financial and Accounting Services Sector Education and Training Authority www.fasset.org.za Sample jobs: stockbroker, accountant, bookkeeper, auditor, tax consultant, financial manager FP&MSETA 9 Fibre Processing & Manufacturing Sector Education and Training Authority www.fpmseta.org.za Sample jobs: clothing machinist, patternmaker, book binder, wood machinist, illustrator, paper and pulp mill operator

FOODBEV SETA

10 Food and Beverages Manufacturing Industry Sector Education and Training Authority www.foodbev.co.za Sample jobs: food technician, packaging machine operator, baker, refrigeration mechanic, winemaker, biochemist

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ON-THE-JOB TRAINING

HWSETA 11 Health and Welfare Sector

Education and Training Authority www.hwseta.org.za Sample jobs: social worker, registered nurse, pharmacist, doctor, dietician, occupational therapist

INSETA 12 Insurance Sector Education

and Training Authority www.inseta.org.za Sample jobs: actuary, underwriter, insurance broker, claims administrator, financial investment advisor

LGSETA 13 Local Government Sector

Education and Training Authority www.lgseta.co.za Sample jobs: property valuer, internal auditor, councillor, engineer, finance officer

MERSETA 14 Manufacturing, Engineering

and Related Services Sector Education and Training Authority www.merseta.org.za Sample jobs: crane operator, fitter, millwright, automotive motor mechanic, panelbeater, machine operator

MICT SETA 15 Media, Information and

Communication Technologies Sector Education and Training Authority www.mict.org.za Sample jobs: web designer, copywriter, sound technician, advertising specialist, production coordinator, radio journalist

MQA 16 Mining Qualifications

Authority www.mqa.org.za Sample jobs: miner, engineer, mine surveyor, analytical chemist, jewellery designer, metallurgist

PSETA 17 Public Service Sector

Education and Training Authority www.pseta.org.za Sample jobs: supply chain manager, customer service manager, labour inspector, policy advisor

SERVICES SETA 19 Services Sector Education

and Training Authority www.serviceseta.org.za Sample jobs: social media marketer, cleaner, hairdresser, beauty therapist, estate agent

TETA 20 Transport Education and

Training Authority www.teta.org.za Sample jobs: truck driver, freight operator, airport attendant, export agent

W&RSETA 21 Wholesale and Retail Sector

Education and Training Authority www.wreseta.org.za Sample jobs: retail store manager, buyer, customer service manager, warehouse manager

SASSETA 18 Safety and Security Sector

Education and Training Authority www.sasseta.org.za Sample jobs: lawyer, magistrate, soldier, security officer, police officer

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Think UNIZULU. Make it your University of Choice

Vision

A leading comprehensive university providing quality education.

Mission

To provide globally competitive graduates, relevant for the human capital needs of our country, by providing quality education which upholds high standards of research and academic excellence.

Academic Excellence since 1960

UNIZULU prides itself in providing academic excellence since its inception in 1960 and for having produced leaders in government, community development, education, science, law, commerce and industry.

Ten points about studying at UNIZULU > It is the only Comprehensive University North of Tugela. > Aspires to be a leading Comprehensive University providing quality education. > It caters for all educational levels of society. > It has produced key leaders for public and private sector since 1960. > It has the best Science Centre in Africa. > It has the state-of-the-art teaching and learning facility. > It undertakes research relevant to local community > It is responsive to the developmental needs of local community. > It recognises academic excellence, scholarship, dedication and loyalty of employees. > It is internationally recognised.

For any career advice we are here for you. Call us. Faculties Arts: 035 902 6087 Education: 035 902 6348 Commerce, Administration and Law: 035 902 6172 Science and Agriculture: 035 902 6282 Richards Bay Campus: 035 902 6923

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Admissions contact details Tel: (+27) 035 902 6030 Fax: (+27) 086 631 7922 Central Applications OfďŹ ce Share Call: 086 086 0226 | International Calls: +27 31 268 4444 | Fax: +27 31 268 4422 Website: www.unizulu.ac.za Join our Facebook page and follow us on Twitter.

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Your future starts now!

CAREER

JUNCTION

Scan our Q&A section for inspiration

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FARMING

Room to grow WHY DID YOU CHOOSE TO BE A FARMER? Because it is a business that offers an idyllic lifestyle in that one can be self-employed in an outdoor environment. WHAT TRAINING DID YOU UNDERGO? I have a commercial and legal background which, although not essential, assists me in the business decisions required, coupled with the labour issues inherent, in employing and managing people. WHAT TRAITS MAKE FOR A SUCCESSFUL FARMER? Farming requires one to be multi-skilled with a broad knowledge of business, agronomics, mechanics and veterinary. Good people skills and a command of the indigenous language spoken in the area are also important. Tolerance and patience are useful, particularly as one also has to deal with the inclement weather and prevailing market conditions, both of which are beyond one’s control. Yields, input costs and sales prices all have to be aligned in order to generate profit. EXPERIENCE VS FORMAL TRAINING? Experience is as important as formal training, along with the ability to glean information from other successful farmers, and business acumen. DESCRIBE A TYPICAL DAY ON THE JOB Having already planned activities such as application of fertilizer, chemicals, seeds, etc, the previous day, one has to ensure that farm work is carried out to the highest level, including meeting the appropriate production targets. What one doesn’t measure, one can’t manage. I have many administrative office duties to attend to as well including accounts, buying of inputs, wages, budgets, bankers, etc – as with any other business. WHAT DO YOU ENJOY MOST ABOUT YOUR WORK? Being self-employed and not being office bound.

RUPERT CROWE OWNER SELF-EMPLOYED AT FAIRFIELD ESTATE

WHAT ASPECTS ARE YOU LEAST KEEN ON? Fires, climate, crime and the political insecurity of owning land in South Africa. WHAT’S BEEN THE HIGHLIGHT TO DATE? Being able to borrow money to grow my farming business. WHAT ARE YOUR FUTURE GOALS? To keep expanding, and to achieve economies of scale which ameliorate the diminishing farming profit margins. ADVICE FOR YOUNG FARMERS? Find a good mentor and follow your aspirations. YOUR JOB IN THREE WORDS Management, negotiation and capital investment.

WHAT ONE DOESN’T MEASURE, ONE CAN’T MANAGE

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SOCIAL WORK

Supporting role WHY DID YOU CHOOSE SOCIAL WORK? I have always had a passion for helping people overcome their emotional and psychological challenges, and also wanted to be in a position to assist those who come from a disadvantaged background to acquire what they lack. EXPLAIN WHAT YOU DO I am a Clinical Social Worker at the Trauma Centre for Survivors of Violence and Torture. We work with people who have experienced severe trauma such as torture and sexual violence. WHAT TRAINING DID YOU UNDERGO? I studied at the University of Cape Town where I graduated with a Bachelor of Social Science in Social Work in 2006, and then completed my Honours in 2007. I finally graduated with a Masters of Social Science in Clinical Social Work in 2010. I also did a number of internships as part of my study requirements. DESCRIBE A TYPICAL DAY Each working day is different. I see individual clients for counselling and also do group/family counselling. I work in schools with learners, their parents and teachers. At times I may facilitate workshops and have meetings with stakeholders in the community. WHAT DO YOU ENJOY MOST? I enjoy building relationships with my clients and witnessing their growth and development. DO YOU HAVE ANY DISLIKES? Not being able to help everyone because there are limits to what you can do to help a client. WHAT HURDLES HAVE YOU HAD TO OVERCOME? Sometimes I become overwhelmed by the challenges that my clients face. I have had to learn to separate work from my personal life by putting boundaries in place because the nature of my work can be emotionally draining. WHAT’S BEEN THE HIGHLIGHT OF YOUR CAREER SO FAR? Taking a group of clients from a disadvantaged background for a leadership camp at a resort;

YEUKAI CHIDEYA SOCIAL WORKER / PROJECT LEADER VICTIM EMPOWERMENT FOR CHILDREN PROJECT

seeing how much they appreciated the experience and the impact the workshops had on them.

IN THIS WORK, IS EXPERIENCE AS IMPORTANT AS FORMAL TRAINING? Both are equally important as a lack in one may result in a poor or ineffective intervention. WHAT TRAITS DOES A PERSON REQUIRE? Anyone who wants to become a social worker should at least enjoy working with people. They must be versatile, have a passion to help others, be emotionally stable and a good listener.

EACH WORKING DAY IS DIFFERENT ADVICE FOR SOMEONE STARTING OUT? Being a social worker can be quite stressful and emotionally draining, hence you need to prioritise self care; to look after your wellbeing. You have to take good care of yourself in order for you to be able to help your clients effectively. Live a healthy lifestyle! 47 // POST MATRIC 2015

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NURSING

Hands-on caring WHY DID YOU CHOOSE TO WORK IN NURSING? It started when I was fourteen and my grandfather was 113 years old. There was a nurse who lived next door who would visit the elderly. She helped prevent my grandfather from getting bedsores and showed real love and care towards him. It was then that I knew. WHAT TRAINING DID YOU UNDERGO? I did a Diploma in General Nursing Science, Community, Psychiatry and Midwifery. This was a four-year diploma with practical work. DESCRIBE A TYPICAL DAY ON THE JOB I work in a general ward with a mix of medical and psychiatric patients. In the mornings the night staff hand over to the day shift, then we check medication. Breakfast will be issued, followed by the dispensing of medication to patients. The ward sister then completes reports on the management of patients. Doctors will come in during the day and I’ll do rounds with them and take orders on each patient. Nurses will continue doing regular observations (blood pressure, etc). I deal with admission, transfers and discharge of patients. It’s a full twelve-hour day! DESCRIBE YOUR TAKE ON A ‘GOOD’ NURSE? You need to be down to earth and care about people. This profession is about caring, understanding and love.

SR YEKIWE HLOMBE REGISTERED NURSE CAPE TOWN MEDI-CLINIC

WHAT DO YOU ENJOY MOST ABOUT YOUR WORK? I love it when patients smile and say thank you when they feel better and are going home happy.

WHAT ARE YOUR GOALS FOR THE FUTURE? I plan to study further to become an educator and train nurses. I would like to share my knowledge.

DO YOU HAVE ANY DISLIKES? Dealing with difficult patients – psychiatric patients, for example. It is not easy.

WHAT ADVICE WOULD YOU GIVE TO SOMEONE STARTING OUT IN NURSING? Don’t take up nursing because of the money; nurse because you love it!

WHAT HAD BEEN YOUR CAREER HIGHLIGHT SO FAR? I was still a student and it was my first delivery. I prepared everything and was telling the mother to push, but as she was pushing, so was I! I became hypoglycaemic and fainted! The doctor had to give me glucose to restore my blood sugar so I could continue. I finally helped her give birth to a healthy baby boy. I was so happy. I will never forget that crazy and wonderful experience.

DESCRIBE YOUR JOB IN THREE WORDS Caring • Understanding • Love

I LOVE IT WHEN PATIENTS SMILE AND SAY THANK YOU

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ACCOUNTING

Money makes the world go round WHY DID YOU CHOOSE TO WORK IN FINANCE? Because I have always enjoyed working with numbers. WHAT TRAINING DID YOU UNDERGO? I attended basic workshops and short courses, and simultaneously studied towards a BCom. IS THERE A TYPE OF PERSONALITY BEST SUITED TO THIS WORK? Ideally, working with finances requires someone who has a good sense of humour, an ability to motivate others and, very importantly, is able to work well and get along with people. IS EXPERIENCE AS IMPORTANT AS FORMAL TRAINING? Experience is very important, although formal training would certainly help. I find that many people are unable to apply the formal training they have received, which leads to some of them choosing a different field of work. DESCRIBE A TYPICAL DAY I’m always busy – working with real-life requirements like payments and receipts, and making sure that the company’s facts and figures are correct.

SAGREN NAIDOO FINANCIAL CONTROLLER MARKETING CONCEPTS

WHAT DO YOU LIKE THE MOST ABOUT YOUR WORK? The fact that I make a difference within the company. Dealing with finances is an important role within any organisation.

WHAT ADVICE WOULD YOU GIVE TO SOMEONE STARTING OUT? Victory belongs to those who persevere the most.

ANY FUTURE GOALS? To remain dedicated and committed, to continue working hard towards becoming a director.

DESCRIBE YOUR JOB IN THREE WORDS It requires ACCURACY; it is important to the SUCCESS of the company; and it is MEANINGFUL.

VICTORY BELONGS TO THOSE WHO PERSEVERE THE MOST

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MAKE-UP ARTIST

Hey, good looking WHAT DO YOU DO FOR A LIVING? I am a hair and make-up artist and work with different production companies, for magazines, weddings and personal clients. My job is to make up and style the model according to the client brief. WHY DID YOU CHOOSE THIS PROFESSION? I’ve loved art and cosmetics since childhood. I helped a friend of mine to do make-up on set and discovered that I could make money just by making people look beautiful. That got me thinking and I decided to join a beauty college. WHERE DID YOU TRAIN? I started with a cosmetology course at Pivot Point in Kenya. Then moved to South Africa where I studied art directing for Motion Pictures at City Varsity. DESCRIBE A TYPICAL DAY I am never in the same place for long. Some days start early – maybe at the beach for a morning shoot, other days I am on set doing a fashion shoot with a magazine, or shooting a cooking show. I could work for only three hours or for 21 hours depending on the nature of the job. EXPERIENCE VERSUS FORMAL TRAINING? They say that Picasso did not become great because he was talented but because he put his gift to use every day. It’s the same with this career – experience will get you further. It is important to go to school and learn the basics, but more important to get out there and work on different faces and with new products.

KRISTEEN KURIA MAKE-UP ARTIST KRISTEENKURIA.COM

YOUR FAVOURITE ASPECT? My job has taken me to places I never thought of going, and I love meeting different people and seeing their transformation after the makeover. It feels good that my handy work gives them confidence, it makes me feel like some sort of a healer to the ego! WHAT DON’T YOU LIKE? People who have no respect for what you do. WHAT HURDLES HAVE YOU HAD TO OVERCOME? There have been many hurdles along the way, especially being a freelancer. There were times when business was slow and I had to face the fact that I wasn’t getting a salary that month. I find the greatest hurdle though is myself! I constantly have to battle with my mind and keep pushing myself to continue even when things are tough. I’ve had to train my mind to be positive and keep looking for new opportunities to shine.

WHAT MAKES A ‘GOOD’ MAKE-UP ARTIST? People skills play a huge role. Make it a point to study people and treat them according to their personality. You need to be patient because you will encounter situations that don’t make you happy. You should also have a good sense of humour, and know the time to talk and time to stop talking. Try to keep your client’s information to yourself. Respect for people goes a long way. WHAT ADVICE WOULD YOU GIVE A NEWCOMER? Be patient and when work is slow find models to practice on. Information is key, so stay informed. Market yourself to get your name out there.

IT MAKES ME FEEL LIKE SOME SORT OF HEALER TO THE EGO

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ENTERTAINMENT make time to work on my skills and come up with new ideas. Weekends are reserved for shows and gigs. I often have up to five on a Saturday, ranging from family shows to corporate functions and events; this involves travelling from venue to venue to entertain new crowds.

MATT GORE MAGICIAN THE GINGER NINJA

A magical career WHY DID YOU CHOOSE THIS PROFESSION? Well, as a youngster, who isn’t fascinated by the art of magic?! I was amazed at the feeling of wonder that magic created, and wanted to share that experience with other people. I was born into a magical family. My uncle, David Gore, was a magician, and the founder and director of the world-famous College of Magic in Cape Town, South Africa. He mentored me and helped shape the performer that I am today. HOW WOULD YOU DESCRIBE WHAT YOU DO FOR A LIVING? As a magician, I get to entertain crowds of people through the art of magic and comedy. I travel the world doing what I love, entertaining anywhere from one to 6000 guests at a time. WHAT TRAINING DID YOU UNDERGO? I studied the art of magic at the College of Magic in Claremont, Cape Town. There they teach you all about the art of entertainment and mould you into a performer. After six years, I graduated as Student of the Year and

my career began. I am always improving my craft and trying to come up with new material.

WHAT MAKES A GOOD PERFORMER? Anyone can learn the art of magic, but few will excel at it. It takes someone who is really passionate about their craft, interacting with people and overall being a good entertainer. You need to be a very hard worker and be willing to practice A LOT to master this craft. An air of confidence will also stand you in good stead! HOW DOES EXPERIENCE COMPARE WITH TRAINING? Nothing can beat experience and in some cases it’s more important. You will spend hours mastering a new effect, then more hours rehearsing it further in front of live audiences. This is where the fine-tuning will occur. DESCRIBE A TYPICAL DAY A typical day involves interacting with clients by way of enquiries, phone calls, quotations and invoices. In addition to this, I need to ensure my supplies are fully stocked, and must

WHAT DO YOU ENJOY MOST? I love the look of astonishment and amazement on people’s faces when I perform magic. The ‘how the hell did you do that?’ look. I also live for the crowds – there is nothing better than entertaining a large crowd who are laughing with you and enjoying your performance. WHAT’S BEEN THE HIGHLIGHT OF YOUR CAREER TO DATE? Probably winning FISM (International Federation of Magic Societies) Africa Magic Championships in 2012, and representing South Africa at the FISM World Magic Championships of Magic twice – once in Sweden and once in London. GOALS FOR THE FUTURE? I would like to see how far I can take this magic career. I am currently developing my brand internationally and hoping to travel a bit more and see what this beautiful world has to offer.

BE WILLING TO PRACTICE A LOT ADVICE FOR ASPIRING YOUNG MAGICIANS? Practice makes perfect. Put in the time, effort and rehearsal hours you need and this career can be very rewarding. Listen to people and give them what they want; you are here to entertain them, after all. Love what you do (very few people can say that). YOUR JOB IN THREE WORDS Unique • Rewarding • Awesome 53 // POST MATRIC 2015

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MICROBIOLOGY

Focus on the details WHY DID YOU CHOOSE MICROBIOLOGY? I have always had a passionate interest in biology and towards the end of my school career I became more interested in the causes and cures for different diseases. This interest in diseases combined with my love for the sea, which was fostered by my grandfather, saw me seeking placement in a marine facility after qualifying as a microbiologist. WHAT TRAINING DID YOU UNDERGO? After completing matric I studied at UKZN majoring in Biological and Micro Science. WHAT MAKES A ‘GOOD’ SCIENTIST? You need an enquiring mind and a lot of strength and endurance. IS EXPERIENCE AS IMPORTANT AS TRAINING? Formal training gives you the principles on which to base your experiences. I sincerely hope both formal training and experience will be ongoing throughout my career. However, you cannot start this career without formal training as it would be like trying to find a black dot in pitch darkness – you cannot interpret what you are looking at without the necessary knowledge. DESCRIBE YOUR TYPICAL DAY Each day presents new challenges. We check on our patients from the previous night and adjust the feeding and medical charts according to their progress. We check water quality, take tissue samples for analysis, medicate and treat the fish in our care.

SHALEEN BHIKKA MARINE MICROBIOLOGIST SAAMBR, SEA WORLD USHAKA

WHAT DO YOU ENJOY? I love looking at cell biology, bacteria and parasites and their ability to manipulate the environment to best suit themselves. It’s only when you have an understanding of the parasites and bacteria that you are able to successfully treat fish. WHAT ASPECTS ARE YOU LEAST KEEN ON? I really have to force myself to sit down and do admin; certainly not the best part of my day. WHAT ARE THE JOB HIGHLIGHTS? Whenever I successfully diagnose and treat a fish and then get to watch it fully recover. Fortunately this happens often. IN THE FUTURE... I am going to continue with my studies and continue to find unknown strains of bacteria and share this information with the rest of the world for the benefit of all marine fish species. ADVICE FOR BUDDING MICROBIOLOGISTS? If you have an insatiable thirst for knowledge you will probably suit a career in the micro world. DESCRIBE YOUR JOB IN THREE WORDS Interesting • Challenging • Rewarding

DO YOU HAVE AN INSATIABLE THIRST FOR KNOWLEDGE

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TEACHING

Educating our future industry leaders WHY DID YOU CHOOSE A CAREER IN TEACHING? Not only do I come from a family of teachers, I started coaching karate at a very young age at my own club. I was very passionate about it and really enjoyed it. It was inevitable that I would end up following this path. WHERE DID YOU STUDY? I did a four-year Higher Diploma in Education at Bechet College of Education. It involved formal theoretical training and practical teaching at various schools. IS EXPERIENCE AS IMPORTANT AS TRAINING? Yes, definitely. When starting out you should learn as much as you can from experienced teachers. WHAT CHARACTERISTICS SHOULD A ‘GOOD’ TEACHER POSSESS? They should be a people person; someone who is comfortable with others and enjoys interacting with young and old alike. You need to be caring, and possess masses of patience and understanding. WHAT DO YOU LIKE THE MOST ABOUT YOUR WORK? I like the idea that every day is different. Most importantly, however, is the fact that I’m playing a role in shaping the lives of our youths. WHAT DON’T YOU LIKE? Administration!

MR NIAM JAFFAR GRADE 7 TEACHER VIRGINIA PREPARATORY SCHOOL

DESCRIBE YOUR TYPICAL DAY It starts with a staff briefing to discuss the day ahead, then the teachers head to the classrooms where we administer work, teaching our class the subjects according to the timetable. We have a lunch and tea break during the academic day. Then our extra-mural programme begins, whereas we coach sport or are involved in arts and cultural activities. YOUR CAREER HIGHLIGHT? The letters I receive at the end of the year from the learners and parents thanking me for the wonderful year.

WHAT DO YOU DO WHEN YOU’RE NOT TEACHING? Trail running, roof gardening, interior design and up-cycling second-hand furniture. I like to try my hand at DIY! ADVICE FOR NEWBIES? Never stop learning! Surround yourself with positive people who are inspiring and share your enjoyment for what you do. Having passion for your work is essential to your happiness. DESCRIBE YOUR JOB IN THREE WORDS Interesting • Fulfilling • Challenging

I’M PLAYING A ROLE IN SHAPING THE LIVES OF OUR YOUTHS

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ABOUT THE ACFE

The Association of Certified Fraud Examiners is an international, professional organization dedicated to fighting fraud and white-collar crime. With recognition in more than 157 countries and 257 chapters around the globe the Association is networked to respond to the needs of anti-fraud professionals everywhere. Our members support our mission of reducing the incidence of fraud and white-collar crime through prevention and education.

The ACFE is continually researching and developing new publications, self-study products and cutting-edge fraud training conferences designed to educate and prepare fraud examiners for the challenges they face. The South African Chapter of the ACFE is a collection of individuals from all industries and professions who all have a single goal in mind; the reduction of white-collar crime in South Africa.

THE ACFE MISSION

MEMBERSHIP BENEFITS

To reduce the incidence of fraud and white-collar crime and to assist the Membership in fraud detection and deterrence is accomplished by: • Bona Fide Qualifications through the CFE Exam • High standards for admission • A Code of Ethics • Professional Conduct and Standards • Competence through mandatory continuing professional education. • Quality, Affordable Local Training • Networking & Mentoring Opportunities

Jesca Liphadzi Training and Development Officer Association of Certified Fraud Examiners - SA Chapter E-mail: jesca@acfesa.co.za Tel: +27 12 346-1913 Fax: +27 86 659 0378

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• Networking & Mentoring Opportunities • Professional and Affordable Quality Local Training • Continuing Professional Education • Promoting Fraud Awareness • Code of Ethics & Professional Standards • Ex Officio Commissioner of Oaths status – CFE’s • An electronic newsletter and a video library • Dedicated website • Job bank • Regulating of the industry • International Recognition

107 Nicolson St, Suite B04/11 Lower Ground, Brooklyn Office Park - Block B, Nicolson House, Brooklyn, Pretoria. PO Box 2664, Brooklyn Square, 0075 www.acfesa.co.za

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FORENSICS

Sniffing out fraud WHY DID YOU CHOOSE THIS PROFESSION? I wanted to make a difference. If we don’t work together to fight fraud, then South Africa won’t have a bright future. People often talk about the issues; as a Certified Fraud Examiner, I actually get to make a difference.

JACO DE JAGER CEO ACFE SA CHAPTER

WHAT TRAINING DID YOU UNDERGO? I have qualified in: BCom Law; Post-Grad Diploma: Forensic Auditing and Investigation; Forensic Examination of Questioned Documents; Advance Certificate: Fraud Examination; Surveillancing and Counter Surveillancing Techniques; and, Fingerprint Taking and Analysis. IS THERE A TYPE OF PERSONALITY BEST SUITED TO THIS WORK? Yes, one requires an inquisitive personality and an eager-to-learn attitude. HOW IMPORTANT IS EXPERIENCE COMPARED TO FORMAL TRAINING? Experience is the most important aspect of our growth. The syndicates change their way of thinking and operating daily and we need to be able to adapt to keep up. No academic environment can prepare you for that.

YOU NEED TO BE PASSIONATE ABOUT JUSTICE DESCRIBE A TYPICAL DAY ON THE JOB Identifying irregularities and determining the impact on the company; investigating irregularities using multiple skills such as financial, law, cyber investigation and science; compiling the docket and testifying in a court of law; forensics – which entails the gathering and testing of information, during which one needs to remain independent, objective and only deal with the facts.

ASSOCIATION OF CERTIFIED FRAUD EXAMINERS SOUTH AFRICAN CHAPTER

WHAT DO YOU LIKE MOST ABOUT YOUR WORK? The day-to-day challenges involved in catching the fraudsters trying to perpetrate various different schemes. No one is ever like another, which ensures my work is interesting. WHICH ASPECTS ARE YOU LEAST ENTHUSIASTIC ABOUT? Sometimes we need to lock away elderly people, children, or people who seem to have a good excuse for what they have done. WHAT’S BEEN THE HIGHLIGHT OF YOUR CAREER TO DATE? Becoming a Certified Fraud Examiner and thereby being recognised as a professional, not only in South Africa, but globally in more than 156 countries worldwide. WHAT ADVICE WOULD YOU GIVE TO SOMEONE STARTING OUT IN YOUR CAREER? You need to be passionate about justice, possess good ethics and be able to set a good example. You need to be willing to listen and to learn: you’ll find that most information and experience is gained through observation. DESCRIBE YOUR JOB IN THREE WORDS? Interesting, Challenging and Exciting.

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ANIMAL WELFARE

Animal instinct WHY DID YOU CHOOSE THIS PROFESSION? I joined the SPCA because I wanted to help and protect animals. WHAT TRAINING DID YOU REQUIRE FOR THE JOB? I had to work at the SPCA for three months. After that I wrote an exam and, after passing, I had to attend a two-week training course. I then had to write a second exam and complete a project. On completion, I underwent training in becoming an animal welfare assistant (AWA). This involved learning about vaccinating, deworming and euthanising animals. Only after successfully completing all of the above do you become an SPCA inspector. WHAT TRAITS DOES A PERSON REQUIRE TO DO THIS WORK? You have to be a really strong person. You need to get along with people under difficult conditions and be able to educate them. IS EXPERIENCE AS IMPORTANT AS FORMAL TRAINING? Yes. Having experience working with animals will help you better utilise your formal training.

WHEN YOU GET UPSET, YOU CANNOT SHOW IT DESCRIBE A TYPICAL DAY WORKING FOR THE SPCA My average day involves attending to complaints; doing pre-home and post-home inspections; doing pet shop inspections; educating people about how to care for their animals; prosecuting people; having people get upset with you. Every day presents its own challenges.

LORRAINE COOMBS INSPECTOR BOKSBURG SPCA

WHAT DO YOU LIKE THE MOST? Being able to spend my day working with animals, as well as looking after them. WHAT ASPECTS OF THE JOB ARE YOU LEAST KEEN ON? The fact that I have to humanely euthanise animals. WHAT ADVICE WOULD YOU GIVE TO SOMEONE STARTING OUT? You have to be patient with the animals’ owners. When you get upset, you cannot afford to show it. You need to understand animals and their specific needs. You really have to work hard. This is a 24hour job and not everybody is cut out for this kind of work. You have to be really committed in order to survive and enjoy what you do. WHAT’S BEEN THE HIGHLIGHT OF YOUR CAREER TO DATE? I see every day that I work in this job as a highlight. Being able to help and protect animals means an awful lot to me. MENTION ONE OF YOUR FUTURE GOALS One day I would like to become a senior inspector. DESCRIBE YOUR JOB IN THREE WORDS I am PASSIONATE about it, I LOVE it… and it’s HARD work.

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Considering a career in... Electronics Film

Electronic Media

Advertising Telecommunications IT

MICT SETA can connect you to your future The Media, Information and Communication Technologies Sector Education and Training Authority, known as [“MICT SETA”], was established in terms of the Skills Development Act of 1998 and is responsible for skills development in the Advertising, Electronic Media and Film, Electronics, Information Technology and Telecommunications sectors and their sub-sectors.

We offer: ● Learnerships ● Internships ● Skills Programmes ● Bursaries MICT SETA engages with thousands of levy paying companies, training providers, unemployed graduates and matriculants through various Stakeholder Engagement Events to communicate our products and services.

For more information contact: Tel: 011 207 2600/3 Fax: 011 805 6833 info@mict.org.za www.mict.org.za

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IT SOLUTIONS

Problem, what problem? JOHANNES MASHIANGAKO UNIFIED COMMUNICATIONS (UC) VOICE ENGINEER

DESCRIBE A TYPICAL DAY ON THE JOB I start off by following up on the faults that were logged by clients who required assistance, then I update them on the ticket system (USVD). Once all the client queries are resolved, I check for newly-logged queries. When this process is complete, I tie-up client projects. I finish up by creating a ‘to do’ list for the following day.

T-SYSTEMS

WHY DID YOU CHOOSE THIS PARTICULAR PROFESSION? I have always had a passion for IT Networking, and a desire to discover and find solutions to certain technological challenges. WHAT TRAINING DID YOU UNDERGO? I completed Matric in 2007, and then went on to do a Diploma in Information Technology in 2010. Two years ago, I moved on to study Cisco Training. IS THERE A TYPE OF PERSONALITY BEST SUITED TO THIS WORK? You need to be a go-getter, yet be patient when required. It often takes time to pinpoint the appropriate solution to a particular problem. IS EXPERIENCE AS IMPORTANT AS FORMAL TRAINING? It is important to undertake formal training in order to obtain a qualification. However, experience is key; a qualification alone will not help solve issues. WHAT ASPECTS OF YOUR WORK DO YOU ENJOY MOST? The fact that my manager allows me the freedom to work and find solutions on my own without micromanaging me. This approach allows me to expand my self-learning and excel at my job.

WHAT’S BEEN THE HIGHLIGHT OF YOUR CAREER TO DATE? Being Cisco certified and the fact that I started at T-Systems as an intern in 2012 which was funded by MICT SETA and in 2014 I was appointed permanently and I am now working as one of the Senior Technical Leads on UC (Cisco Voice Support Engineer). WHAT ARE YOUR GOALS FOR THE FUTURE? My main future goal is to study towards my CCIE Lab, which is the highest qualification in Cisco. I also look forward to sharing my knowledge with newcomers to this field of work.

YOU NEED TO BE A GO-GETTER, YET BE PATIENT WHAT ADVICE WOULD YOU GIVE TO SOMEONE JUST STARTING OUT IN YOUR CAREER? Always be humble and willing to learn. Take criticism as a motivation to do better. DESCRIBE YOUR JOB IN THREE WORDS Technical, Challenging and Beneficial. Johannes Mashiangako is a beneficiary of the MICT SETA funded Graduate Internship Programme.

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FINE ART

Drawn to art WHY DID YOU CHOOSE THIS PROFESSION? From a young age, I have enjoyed making and creating things. After I matriculated, I considered various creative fields such as architecture or graphic design. But once I had seen the Fine Art Department at DTU, I knew that the creative freedom of Fine Art was for me. IF YOU HAVE A MORE UNUSUAL CAREER, EXPLAIN WHAT IT IS THAT YOU DO A fine artist is someone who makes artwork that is personal and unique to them. It is art created for beauty or meaning. Another name for my job is a visual artist. WHAT TRAINING DID YOU UNDERGO AND WHERE? I completed four years at Durban University of Technology, gaining a Higher Diploma in Fine Art with painting as my major. DESCRIBE A TYPICAL DAY ON THE JOB A day in the studio involves arriving early, calming my mind, mixing up paint and getting down to it. When I’m not painting, I draw, do research, deal with galleries and clients, manage my accounts, document my work and update my website. WHAT DO YOU ENJOY MOST ABOUT YOUR WORK? I love the fact that the work I create is never the same. I am always trying new approaches and yet, because it is made by me, it is always my own unique work. WHAT DON’T YOU LIKE? Running a studio is like running a small business. I find it hard to switch from my creative brain to my business brain.

I LOVE THE FACT THAT THE WORK I CREATE IS NEVER THE SAME

JENNY PARSONS FINE ARTIST SELF-EMPLOYED

WHAT HURDLES HAVE YOU HAD TO OVERCOME? I have had to learn that I cannot sit and wait for inspiration to come to me. Self-discipline and a good work ethic are essential parts of the job. WHAT’S BEEN THE HIGHLIGHT OF YOUR CAREER TO DATE? My last two solo exhibitions. WHAT ARE YOUR FUTURE GOALS? To keep making art! IN YOUR LINE OF WORK, IS EXPERIENCE AS IMPORTANT AS FORMAL TRAINING? Definitely. You have to put in the hours. When making art, you learn by doing the work. IS THERE A TYPE OF PERSONALITY BEST SUITED TO THIS WORK, OR CERTAIN TRAITS ONE SHOULD HAVE (OR NOT HAVE)? You need to have a good balance of self-discipline, ambition, practical ability, playfulness and creativity. WHAT ADVICE WOULD YOU GIVE TO SOMEONE STARTING OUT AS AN ARTIST? You may need to do other jobs to earn an income, particularly at the beginning of your career. But make sure that you ALWAYS make time to do your own work, so that you can keep growing as an artist. DESCRIBE YOUR JOB IN THREE WORDS Exciting • Challenging • Fulfilling

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SECURITY ANALYSIS

Highly classified WHY THIS UNUSUAL CAREER? I have always had a keen interest in politics, conflict and terrorism, and the manner in which these phenomena shape both global and continental security. DESCRIBE WHAT A SECURITY ANALYST DOES We provide a broad range of clients analysis on the various political and security risks that could pose a threat to their safety and/or interests across the African continent. This includes providing bespoke analysis and forecasting on terrorism, government stability, crime and social unrest. WHAT TRAINING DID YOU DO? I completed a university degree in political studies, and further pursed an Honours degree in the same discipline. During my postgraduate studies, I was offered a position at a Danishbased political risk consultancy, which allowed me to use the skillset I acquired to earn a living. I have been trained in various internal and external research and analytical methodologies, including those used by security agencies such as the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and other related institutions. WHAT SKILLS ARE REQUIRED? I believe this industry is tailormade for individuals who excel at working under continuous pressure, who enjoy doing research and who are able to make decisions with a degree of spontaneity. Given the amount of written and verbal communication the role entails, candidates should also be confident communicators.

EXPERIENCE VS TRAINING? While experience is always important, the training regimen provided by many organisations in this industry is comprehensive and will definitely compensate for any lack of practical experience for candidates who apply themselves.

RYAN CUMMINGS CHIEF SECURITY ANALYST FOR SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA RED24

DESCRIBE A TYPICAL DAY AT WORK Monitoring of classified, declassified and open source intelligence, which I then assess and present to clients in written briefs of varying length and depth; verbal assessments; compilation and coordination of contingency and evacuation plans, which are used by our clients in the event of a crisis that could impact their safety or business continuity. WHAT DO YOU ENJOY MOST ABOUT YOUR JOB? Many facets of my work. For one, as an analyst, you are constantly exposed to information, which provides you with a broad understanding of many issues that are topical and of public interest. Also, there is a fair degree of dynamism involved in the work.

YOU ARE CONSTANTLY EXPOSED TO INFORMATION

WHICH ASPECTS ARE YOU LEAST ENTHUSIASTIC ABOUT? As our company operates on a 24/7 basis, 365 days per year, I am often required to work shifts that some people would perceive as unsociable. YOUR CAREER HIGHLIGHT TO DATE? There have been many. My analysis of the security threats across the African continent has been published by various media publications and think tanks. I am also often requested to provide insight on topical issues for major news networks such as CNN, Al Jazeera and BBC. I was recently commissioned to author my first book on the Nigerian insurgent group, Boko Haram; something I consider to be a significant milestone. WHAT ADVICE WOULD YOU GIVE SOMEONE STARTING OUT? Tenacity, attention to detail and self-assuredness are crucial. Be respectful, tolerant and appreciative of people who are different to you. 65 // POST MATRIC 2015

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ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING electrical engineering

Techno central WHY DID YOU CHOOSE THIS LINE OF WORK? By profession I am an electrical and computer engineer. I chose this line of work because, looking at the future, I thought that the integration of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science would put me in a better position to make a contribution to and better understand the advancement of technology. WHAT TRAINING DID YOU UNDERGO? I did a four-year Electrical and Computer Engineering degree at the University of Cape Town. I also did two weeks’ vacation work at the Cape Peninsula University of Technology. I attended a two-week mentoring programme with the Department of Science and Technology. I also attended a one-week professional development programme at the University of Cape Town. Recently, I completed a one-year graduate programme that was offered by Air Traffic and Navigation Services. WHAT TYPE OF PERSONALITY IS REQUIRED? A disciplined personality. Anyone can make a plan, but it takes discipline to execute the plan. The entrepreneur, author and motivational speaker Jim Rohn said, “In life we must all suffer from one of two pains: the pain of discipline or the pain of regret.” I strongly believe that discipline is key, not only to my work, but to life in general too.

THE HARDEST THINGS IN LIFE ARE WORTH FIGHTING FOR EXPERIENCE VS FORMAL TRAINING? Experience is the best teacher. In fact, I think that experience is more important than formal training. As my lecturer used to say, “What I hear, I forget. What I see, I remember. What I do, I understand.” DESCRIBE A TYPICAL DAY ON THE JOB In the first hour, I prepare myself by checking my emails and calendar and reviewing any work that I was busy with. I draft a daily work schedule and then proceed with my duties, which are normally planning, problem-solving, contract evaluation, writing userrequirement statements, and research. I also socialise with colleagues, participate in employee support programmes, attend meetings, and involve myself in projects like community social investment and sustainable development programmes.

MOREWANE JOHANNES MOTUBATSE JUNIOR SYSTEMS ENGINEER AIR TRAFFIC AND NAVIGATION SERVICES

WHAT DO YOU ENJOY MOST ABOUT YOUR JOB? The planning aspects, because learning to plan is the hardest thing I’ve ever done. It has always been easy to brainstorm, but coming up with a workable plan is hard. I believe that the hardest things in life are worth fighting for, since those are the things that reveal our true capability and potential. Sometimes our weaknesses are our strengths – we just don’t know it. YOUR CAREER HIGHLIGHT THUS FAR? The four years acquiring my degree; that was when I discovered things about myself that I never knew before. The experience made me more aware, and a better person. I acknowledged the mistakes that I made. I believed in the inner me and realised what a wonderful creature God had created in me. WHAT ARE YOUR GOALS FOR THE FUTURE? My goal is be recognised as a professional engineer through registration with the Engineering Council of South Africa; to execute my work in accordance with professional guidelines; to continuously improve my professional skills through further studying and training; to give back to my community through social development programmes; to venture into business; to have a family of my own; and to serve God through all I am. ADVICE FOR SOMEONE STARTING OUT IN YOUR INDUSTRY? Heed Winston Churchill’s words: “Success is not final, failure is not fatal; it is the courage to continue that counts.” DESCRIBE YOUR JOB IN THREE WORDS Plan • Document • Review 67 // POST MATRIC 2015

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INDUSTRIAL DESIGNER

Industry blueprint WHY DID YOU CHOOSE INDUSTRIAL DESIGN? As a kid, I was always getting my hands dirty making things and I constantly wondered how stuff worked. My dad had a background in carpentry and a career in electronics, which helped fuel my passion. My discovery of industrial design was by complete chance when we had someone come to speak about it at our school’s open day. The idea that a person could design products as a career seemed incredible to me. DESCRIBE WHAT YOU DO I design, develop, engineer and help bring to market a variety of the consumer products/physical objects that a person sees around them every day. These items can be as diverse as household consumer products, electronics, furniture, lighting or even cars. WHAT TRAINING DID YOU UNDERGO? I completed a four-year BTech degree in Industrial Design at what was then Cape Technikon (and is now CPUT). Subjects include design, drawing, theory, business, history, technology and professional practice. IS THERE A TYPE OF PERSONALITY BEST SUITED TO THIS WORK? You need to have a passion for design, making things and solving problems. Patience and persistence is also key. It’s important not to take yourself or your design ideas too seriously. IS EXPERIENCE AS IMPORTANT AS FORMAL TRAINING? Absolutely! Every day you learn how to do something better through practice.

JARED MARK VORSTER INDUSTRIAL DESIGNER SELF-EMPLOYED

WHAT DO YOU ENJOY MOST? It is incredibly rewarding to see a concept sketch develop into a finished product on the store shelf. The design process, strategic thinking, problem solving, prototyping and often hands-on work make for a truly dynamic environment that keeps me on my toes and surprises me every day. WHICH ASPECTS ARE YOU LEAST KEEN ON? Many clients do not understand the value of design and the lengthy process that needs to happen for a final product to be realised. This is a day-to-day struggle and can be quite draining. ANY ADVICE FOR SOMEONE JUST STARTING OUT? In order to be sufficiently prepared for a career in industrial design, one needs to do a lot of self-study around materials, processes, 3D modelling and other computer skills. I would also encourage people to look at existing products to see how they are made and put together. So much can be learned from taking things apart.

PATIENCE AND PERSISTENCE IS KEY DESCRIBE A TYPICAL DAY A typical day could consist of research and design exploration; meetings with clients and manufacturers; preparing product design specifications and briefs; putting together quotations for clients; engineering and detailed design development; rendering 3D models to look realistic for presentations.

YOUR JOB IN THREE WORDS Fun • Exciting • Humbling

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AUDIOLOGY

Absolute clarity WHY DID YOU CHOOSE THIS PROFESSION? I chose to become an audiologist because I wanted to help people and make a difference not only in their lives, but in their quality of life. WHAT DOES AN AUDIOLOGIST DO? I assess and diagnose patients with hearing loss. I also provide rehabilitation through counselling and fitting of hearing aids. A large part of an audiologist’s work is to improve the communication in patient’s lives by assisting them with hearing better. Detection of hearing loss in newborn babies is another important part of my work. WHAT TRAINING DID YOU UNDERGO AND WHERE? I obtained a BSc in Audiology with honours at the University of Cape Town. The degree took four years. DESCRIBE A TYPICAL DAY ON THE JOB I perform diagnostic audiological assessments of various age groups. If they are hearing aid candidates, I provide them with counselling and take earmould impressions for hearing aids. I also see patients for their hearing aid fittings and follow-ups. I am the only person in the department and therefore have administrative duties to fulfil as well. We are currently awaiting our newborn hearing screening machine. Once that comes I will also start running a newborn hearing screening programme.

PATIENCE, PATIENCE, PATIENCE WHAT DO YOU ENJOY MOST ABOUT YOUR WORK? I love working with people. The best thing about my job is doing hearing aid fittings and seeing the patients’ faces light up when they receive their hearing aids. Those first moments when they can hear better than they did before are priceless. That’s when I know I have made an impact on someone’s life and have improved their communication.

VEENA NARAN AUDIOLOGIST DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, NEW SOMERSET HOSPITAL

WHAT’S BEEN THE HIGHLIGHT OF YOUR CAREER TO DATE? Starting an outreach programme on the West Coast. I love being part of making services more accessible to our outlying patients. WHAT ARE YOUR FUTURE GOALS? To continue studying and to obtain my Master’s. IN YOUR LINE OF WORK, IS EXPERIENCE AS IMPORTANT AS FORMAL TRAINING? Definitely! Experience assists you in being better equipped for both the assessment and the rehabilitation process. IS THERE A TYPE OF PERSONALITY BEST SUITED TO THIS WORK, OR CERTAIN TRAITS ONE SHOULD HAVE (OR NOT HAVE)? Yes! Being in this profession, one needs to be able to demonstrate patience – this is vital in order to work with the hearing impaired population. Working with children and the elderly requires one to have a decent sense of humour too! Being a sociable person certainly helps, as patients need to feel that you are trustworthy and approachable.

IS THERE ANYTHING YOU DON’T LIKE? The administration, and the battle to procure goods can also be very challenging sometimes.

WHAT ADVICE WOULD YOU GIVE TO SOMEONE STARTING OUT IN AUDIOLOGY? If you are passionate about helping people, and enjoy technical work too, then this may be the career for you. Always remember that the patient deserves to be treated with the utmost respect! Patience, patience and more patience.

WHAT HURDLES HAVE YOU HAD TO OVERCOME? Many administrative fights!

DESCRIBE YOUR JOB IN THREE WORDS Meaningful • Rewarding • Technical 69 // POST MATRIC 2015

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INTERNAL AUDITING

Grounded in ethics WHY DID YOU CHOOSE TO BE AN INTERNAL AUDITOR? This is the one job that exposes you to every single aspect of an organisation, and gives you the opportunity to meet people from all walks of life. The internal auditor plays a major role in the organisation’s wellbeing, making a significant difference as an assurance provider and trusted advisor to management. The position is also an excellent training ground for those wishing to move into executive positions. WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN AN INTERNAL AND AN EXTERNAL AUDITOR? External audit is primarily a financial discipline with a statutory obligation. These auditors’ main function is to give assurance that the organisation’s financial position is what management has reported it is by looking at whether the financial statements are a true reflection of the organisation’s financial position. Internal auditors have a much broader scope. Although we also look at the organisation’s finance area, this is just a fraction of our function; internal auditors focus on every area in the organisation, from HR to supply chain management and procurement to IT. We also focus on strategy; risk management; fraud, ethics, compliance, sustainability, environmental and other risks; as well as governance and performance of the organisation’s core business. The job starts with understanding the risks the organisation is facing and looking at whether there are adequate controls in place to mitigate those risks.

MANAGEMENT SKILLS ARE KEY WHAT DO YOU ENJOY MOST? I love being in a position to provide advice to management on best practice as well as on critical changes within the profession, industries and sectors. This is a multi-dimensional discipline. It is an exciting job with a lot of variety and no room for boredom. WHAT SKILLS ARE REQUIRED? Whilst the financial skills of accountants are useful to do their job effectively, internal auditors need to possess a high level of technical internal auditing skills and superior business acumen. They must be effective communicators, good project managers, analytically strong, and it helps if they are excellent

SHIRLEY MACHABA NATIONAL ENTERPRISE RISK AND INTERNAL AUDIT LEADER AND PAST CHAIRMAN OF THE IIA SA PWC

negotiators. They need to be emotionally intelligent, have the ability to think strategically, network effectively and act as a business value enhancer. In addition, they must have unflinching integrity, be grounded in ethics and possess reserves of unwavering courage.

WHAT TRAINING DO YOU ADVISE? The basic steps are, firstly, to obtain an academic qualification and become a member of The Institute of Internal Auditors South Africa (IIA SA); this is a professional body that represents the interests of the internal auditing community and is the standard setter of the career path for internal auditors. Once you have begun working, enrol in the IIA SA’s Professional Training Program (in other words, you have to serve articles) and then write the Certified Internal Auditor exam as the final test of competence. Once qualified, you can maintain your designations and knowledge through the IIA SA’s continuing professional development program, and opt to write the IIA’s specialty exams, which have been designed to further enhance skills in particular areas such as government or financial services auditing and risk management. ANY ADVICE FOR YOUNG PEOPLE CONSIDERING AUDITING? First do the groundwork to determine whether this is the right career choice for you. Once you are certain, then proceed to follow the aforementioned career path. Don’t forget that being a member of the IIA SA allows you to make use of their technical guidance resources and networking opportunities, and has a host of other benefits. You can find out more about the IIA SA career path by visiting website www.iiasa.org.za. 71 // POST MATRIC 2015

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CONSTRUCTION

Building a bright future WHY DID YOU CHOOSE TO DO THIS JOB? I always wanted to be up in the sky and to do something different. My dream was to be a pilot. I was unemployed for four years and looking for work when I found out that WBHO wanted to train people as tower crane operators. I applied, they called me, tested me in maths and English, and after that we went through training. A lot of people applied, but during training found out that they were scared of heights, or they failed the assignments. Eventually we were six women, of whom four failed. At the end of the training I was the only women, along with 15 men, who passed. WHAT TRAINING DID YOU UNDERGO? I was taught how a tower crane works. There is a computer screen in the cab that tells you everything: if the crane has a problem, it warns you; it shows the wind speed; it shows your load from the point of pick up to where to drop it; and how you must slew with the jib. You learn about electricity: there is an electricity box in the cab – if there is a problem with the crane, you must be able to fix it. You must be able to recognise when there is a problem, and know when to report it. WHAT TRAITS DOES A CRANE OPERATOR NEED TO EXHIBIT? It’s not an easy job. People don’t understand that women can do this. You can’t be nervous; you have to be calm at all times. You carry a bucket of concrete weighing three tonnes and move it to another place. We sometimes move people to the top structure in man-cages, whilst having to avoid pylons. We also have cranes working next to each other, so you have to be very focused. You can’t be scared because you are alone up there. Even though you have a banksman on the ground with a radio telling you where to pick and drop off a load, you cannot just take instructions as they sometimes make mistakes. You must communicate at all times.

PEOPLE DON’T UNDERSTAND THAT WOMEN CAN DO THIS

ZOLISWA GILA TOWER CRANE OPERATOR 2010 STADIUM

EXPERIENCE VS TRAINING? The training is very important. You must know what you are doing. A tower crane is a lifting machine – if you treat it wrong, it will treat you wrong. However, experience makes you much more comfortable doing the job. The crane I’m operating now is 70 metres, but I can also operate a 90-metre crane. DESCRIBE A TYPICAL DAY I do my inspection of the crane before I climb up at 7am. I call my banksman to make sure the radios are connecting as we must be in contact all day. We have a tea break and then back to work. We work until lunch break and then straight through until 6pm. I make sure I go to the ladies before climbing up! WHAT DO YOU ENJOY MOST? I like my job because it’s my dream come true being up in the sky. I’ve learnt a lot of new things. WHAT AREN’T YOU KEEN ON? Guys used to give me a really hard time. When I started it was not easy, the foreman used to say “I don’t want women working in my area”. But now that they see how well I work, they fight to have me working in their section. YOUR CAREER HIGHLIGHT? The fact that I’m doing something that very few women do. Now I have the confidence to do anything. A big day was when I met President Zuma at the 365 days to the 2010 World Cup kick-off. He said he had seen me on TV and was looking forward to meeting me. ADVICE FOR YOUNG WOMEN WANTING TO GIVE IT A TRY? You must fight for what you want. Don’t say “I can’t do that, it’s for men”. Just go for it.

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MECHANICS

A talent for tinkering WHAT DOES YOUR JOB INVOLVE? My work, in brief, involves reception and liaison with clients for diagnosis of vehicular problems, estimation of costs of repair and technical advice. Then there’s the running of the business side of things which involves recourse to absolve problems, directing and guiding staff to tackle the faults and multitask in carrying out repairs, and doing costing, invoicing and public relations. HOW DID YOU GET INTO THIS FIELD? This trade was actually thrusted upon me after leaving UCT. I passed my first year studying BSc Chemical Engineering, but was impeded to complete my studies due to lack of funds or bursaries at that time. I was readily accepted (during ‘apartheid years’) as an apprentice at a major franchise dealer. WHAT TRAINING DID YOU UNDERGO? An apprenticeship contract of five years, which I completed by passing a trade test after a mandatory two years. WHAT MAKES A GOOD MECHANIC? A patient and mechanically-inspired individual with a passion for automobiles. You’ll need to be a good problem-solver with lots of patience, possess good people skills and be a good listener. IS EXPERIENCE AS IMPORTANT AS TRAINING? Experience is the best teacher, but is well complemented by training. Have the recipe, but cook the meal!

DANIEL NOBEL OWNER DANNY’S AUTO REPAIRS

WHAT DO YOU LIKE THE MOST ABOUT YOUR WORK? I enjoy the feeling of satisfaction that I get when I have successfully solved a problem as efficiently and as promptly as possible. ARE THERE ANY ASPECTS OF THE WORK THAT DON’T YOU LIKE? I don’t enjoy it when I get complaints about items relating to rattles, noises from the body or the trim of the car. ANY WORDS OF WISDOM FOR NEWCOMERS TO THE WORLD OF MECHANICS? Accept that there is always someone with skills and knowledge in your trade that you can learn from. WHAT’S YOUR DREAM FOR THE FUTURE? A beautiful state-of-the-art workshop built to my personal design.

EXPERIENCE IS THE BEST TEACHER

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WHY DID YOU CHOOSE A CAREER IN SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT? I chose this profession due to the influence of a friend who was completing his IT studies and working as a network security administrator. I was drawn to the work, and the idea of exploring the fastchanging world of technology. WHAT TRAINING DID YOU UNDERGO? I underwent my tertiary education at Jeppe College, specialising in web development. IS THERE A TYPE OF PERSONALITY BEST SUITED TO THIS WORK? Yes, you need to be approachable and good with people, as you will be required to liaise with clients and meet their expectations. You need to be able to express yourself, and most of all you must always do your best. IS EXPERIENCE AS IMPORTANT AS FORMAL TRAINING? Yes, because experience contributes towards a sense of self-confidence when doing one’s job.

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DESCRIBE A TYPICAL DAY ON THE JOB? Sometimes I am required to visit clients, but generally I spend a lot of time in the office doing software development and putting together websites. In addition to MO KGO PO MO GAD I my IT work, I am also a trained photographer. IT TECHNICIAN (SOFTWARE DEVE LOPER) MDT (MASETE DIGITAL TECHNOLO I shoot weddings and GIES) other functions, and then use the images in my design work. WHAT HAS BEEN THE HIGHLIGHT OF YOUR CAREER TO DATE? Well, mainly I just love the opportunity my job has given me to work with so many different and interesting types of people. WHICH ASPECTS ARE YOU LEAST ENTHUSIASTIC ABOUT? Although I do love taking pictures, spending time in the studio can sometimes be frustrating. People can pose a lot of challenges, especially when someone feels uncomfortable in front of the camera – I’ve found this can cause people to become quite difficult to work with.

WHAT ARE GOALS FOR THE FUTURE? I want to be an entrepreneur, and, God willing, to try not to judge people’s morals and beliefs. And, of course, to be a good leader and motivator. WHAT ADVICE WOULD YOU GIVE TO SOMEONE STARTING OUT IN YOUR CAREER? I would advise them to study IT, because life nowadays is all about technology. There are a lot of technicians out there, but you will bring your own unique style and your individual way of looking at situations. YOUR JOB IN THREE WORDS Attractive, enjoyable and challenging!

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CONSERVATION

Nuturing nature WHY DID YOU BECOME A GAME RANGER? Because I love nature, animals and the great outdoors. DESCRIBE WHAT YOU DO I assist in ensuring the day-to-day health and wellbeing of the game at Aquila Private Game Reserve. When new animals arrive, I help with the introduction of these animals into the communities that are already resident. I also educate our guests about the wildlife during safari game drives. WHAT TRAINING DID YOU UNDERGO? The qualifications and experience I’ve gained whilst training to become a local nature guide include general guiding skills, basic astronomy, local history, weather and climate, basic ecology, fauna, flora, and bush signs (in my specific area). I have also completed Level 3 as a paramedic and take part in ambulance ride-alongs on some of my days off. WHAT PERSONALITY TYPE IS BEST SUITED TO THIS WORK? You have to be a people person and you must be passionate about nature. You should have a love of animals and be able to handle them carefully. You need to be quite active as you’ll be expected to cover a lot of ground and, because most game farms are in remote locations, you must be happy to live remotely.

DANIEL VAN WYK GAME RANGER AQUILA PRIVATE GAME RESERVE

WHAT DO YOU LIKE ABOUT YOUR WORK? That I am able to do what I love most… spend time in nature and share my knowledge with our guests. WHICH ASPECTS ARE YOU LEAST KEEN ON? I deal with many different types of people, all the time. Not everyone I deal with is nice! CAREER HIGHLIGHTS TO DATE? To have been part of the Saving Private Rhino initiative: a non-profit organisation set up to assist private game reserves with anti-poaching courses following the terrible poaching incident that took place at Aquila three years ago. WHAT ARE YOUR FUTURE GOALS? To further my conservation studies and eventually to become a reserve manager.

EXPERIENCE VS FORMAL TRAINING? Both are equally important. Game rangers EVERY DAY IS AN ADVENTURE need to understand nature conservation ADVICE FOR SOMEONE STARTING OUT issues, and conduct themselves in an environmentally IN YOUR FIELD? sensitive way. All aspects of the job require both Respect nature and animals in their natural habitat. experience and training. If you want to become a game ranger, be persistent. DESCRIBE A TYPICAL DAY ON THE RESERVE Look for ways to volunteer with animal welfare and Every day is different, and every day is an adventure. conservation organisations in your local community. I get to work with the Big Five at Aquila, which was Get a feel for how you engage with animals and the first reserve to reintroduce them into the Western how they engage with you. Remember also that Cape. It’s a tremendous opportunity spending conservation is not only about animals but also time with these gentle giants, and educating the about the environment, so look for ways to get guests about the various animals and their habitats. involved in green projects like recycling and other I normally wake up very early in the morning and environmentally friendly initiatives. Be persistent in head out for a Big Five morning game drive. Then I your studies. look after departing guests and start getting things YOUR JOB IN THREE WORDS ready for new arrivals. I pack the snack trays for the Beautiful • Fun • Exciting afternoon drive, head out, and return for dinner. 76 // POST MATRIC 2015

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PUBLIC RELATIONS

Communication central WHY DID YOU CHOOSE PR? Upon completing my secondary education, I was unsure about which career to follow and decided that a gap year was needed. During the year, one of my colleagues at the company I was employed at advised me to explore PR as she thought I talked a lot, so maybe I had the qualities to be a PRO! I researched the profession and found it to be fascinating with many fields to explore. WHAT TRAINING DID YOU DO? I did a three-year Public Relations Management course at the Cape Peninsula University of Technology (CPUT).

BRONWYN LAPPERTS PUBLIC RELATIONS OFFICER THE P.R TEAM

DESCRIBE A TYPICAL DAY I’m employed at a PR consultancy, which is different to that of a corporate company – everything is fast-paced and deadline driven. We’re constantly juggling and multitasking. A typical day consists of writing, sending and following up on press releases; coordinating photo shoots, tv, radio, magazine and newspaper interviews; meeting deadlines of last minute media enquiries; proof reading, copy writing; and all this while keeping an eye on industry AT THE END OF THE DAY, trends for each LIFE IS ABOUT COMMUNICATION and every client, as well as working six months in advance to prepare IS THERE A TYPE OF for upcoming ‘occasions’ and PERSONALITY BEST SUITED? opportunities. Then there’s follow When initially asked this question up, follow up and more follow up. in the first year of the course, It’s just crazy! the immediate response from WHAT DO YOU LIKE MOST? everyone was a ‘people person’, No day is ever the same and you however now I can safely say that never know what to expect when is not necessarily true, it’s rather a you walk into the office – that is person with a strong sense of self. FORMAL TRAINING VERSUS EXPERIENCE? Formal training, or the theoretical part of the course, forms the foundation for the profession as it educates you about the industry in general – media liaison, writing skills, effective research skills basically the dos and don’ts of the industry. But what you experience in the workplace cannot be taught on the course – you need to experience it by trial and error.

the most intriguing part of the job. The work environment is fastpaced but a ball of fun. You’re never bored and will always have something proactive to do. The best part is pitching a particular angle or client to the media and receiving extensive coverage on the subject – it’s exciting.

IS THERE ANYTHING THAT YOU DON’T YOU LIKE? Because magazines tend to work far in advance you’re always thinking about the months ahead, as well as doing the current, sometimes more pressing tasks and meeting media deadlines. It tends to age you and make you feel dog years older even if you’re only 23! But that’s great because of the wisdom you gain. ANY ADVICE FOR NEWBIES? If you’ve done research and believe that PR is for you, see if your school offers job shadowing. Otherwise be proactive and research companies to approach. 77 // POST MATRIC 2015

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"Don’t get pulled in with the crowds; there are lots of parties in first-year." Sintetemba Nkukwana, Engineering B-Tech, CPUT

"Consistency is key, as is punctuality. Be open to new experiences and to making new friends. And respect those around you. It’s important to also focus on the creative side, not just the academic side." Simphiwe Luvuno, BA fashion media, LISOF (Johannesburg)

"Make as many friends as you can, but stay away from politics as you will only get in trouble. Learn about the different cultures." Jason Bernardo, Marketing, CPUT

Survive first-year Strategic advice on making the most of first-year at college or varsity from those who have bravely gone before you...

"Do your work but have a balance, because by the time you get to third year it’ll be just work. That’s when things get real and you realise you can’t be a child anymore."

"Be open to anything that life throws at you."

Susan Veldsman, design, LISOF (Johannesburg)

Danica Corelse, Acting and Performance Art, City Varsity

"First year is an emotional struggle; it’s a huge jump from high school. You need to be 100% sure of what you want to do. And don’t take it too seriously: you will be unhappy if you’re too caught up in work. But do maintain a balance." “Dropping out is not an option and crying is – that’s what I live by!”

Jessica Shub, BA design/ business/media

Donald de Kramer, BA fashion, LISOF (Johannesburg)

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# CHOICE WORDS

“Take a gap year before starting. Believe in yourself; your dreams are achievable.” Lizelle Jafta, Journalism, City Varsity

"Make use of the SETAs that are available. Don’t sit at home because you have no money." Gavin Daniels, Journalism, City Varsity

“Manage your time wisely. And be responsible! Don’t forget where you came from – you can’t live your life according to your friends.” Nondumiso Gcwensa, BA fashion design, LISOF (Johannesburg)

“Have your priorities straight and manage your time. First year can be overwhelming after high school; everything’s new. So dedicate your time to adapting and take your studies seriously. School comes first, then parties. It’s definitely a crunch year.”

“Make as many friends as possible and be friendly. Networking and being nice to people on campus is good training for the workplace environment.” Phillip Chen, fashion design, LISOF (Johannesburg)

“It’s better than matric in that you learn a work ethic. Not falling behind is very important, as it’s harder to catch up than it was in school. Get your priorities straight.”

Nandipha Tsele, fashion design, LISOF (Johannesburg)

Tobin Theron, BA fashion, LISOF (Johannesburg)

"Balance your social, spiritual and work life." Vee Buthelezi Chemical Engineering, CPUT

POST MATRIC 2015 // 79

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DAD’S INSTASHAME Robbie Stammers discovers that he is even more of a loser than his kids initially made out.

I

thought I had really progressed in my efforts to become a ‘cooler’ parent. Hell, I have a Twitter account, I am witty on Facebook (well, my peer group think so) and I even have Instagram and Pinterest accounts. #Winning However, what I clearly did not understand was brought to my attention when I walked in on my kids and their friends falling all over the kitchen counter in fits of uncontrollable laughter, whilst passing around my last Instagram posting displayed on one of their fancy phones. “What’s so funny?” I asked my son, Luke. My daughter, Sasha, and her brother exchanged knowing glances and she clearly decided that she would take this one. “Dad, you have 12 likes on this last post!” “I know!” I beamed proudly, “Pretty cool, hey!” But my response was clearly not so cool at all. My darling offspring were now clutching their stomachs and falling about in even bigger fits of guffaws. “Dad! You are such a loser! Only 12 likes is clear ‘Instashame’, if any of us posted something and we only had 12 likes within even an hour, we would immediately take that photo off. The aim is to get at least 200 likes!” I blinked and stared at them. I didn’t have the balls to mention that I don’t even have 200 people on my Instagram account, nevermind the possibility of getting 200 likes. Instashame, as I had just learnt, means getting too few likes on your post, and Dad was clearly topping the Instashame list of 2015.

“Well, in my day, one measured their popularity by how many friends you have in REAL life, not by the click of a LIKE button by a bunch of semi-strangers!” I retorted, only to be met with more eye-rolls and looks of pure pity. I shuffled off, mumbling to myself about the youth of today, which, quite frankly, just made me feel even older and even less in touch. Let’s be honest though, guys. Surely even you must agree that it is a little sad when you measure each other’s status by the amount of times someone likes a selfie, or the photo of you and your five girlfriends sticking your tongues out? (Why do you post pics of yourselves sticking your tongues out anyway? I keep telling my daughter that it is not an attractive look, but she just keeps on doing it. I must be, once again, missing some subtle undertone or secret message in it all?) However, not to be outdone, I decided that if you cannot beat them, join them. I’d heard it said that ‘Google is your friend’, and recalled that there was a line in the ‘Lemme take a Selfie’ song where the singer says, “I bet she bought all her Instagram friends,” so I Googled ‘buying Instagram friends’ and lo and behold, my prayers were answered. I had discovered Insta-Promoter and it boasted, “We provide you with the fastest Instagram Followers and Likes in the market. At Insta-Promoter, you will receive all of your Likes and Followers within an hour after completing your order.”

A sly smile spread across my face. A plan was forming, and I was going to enjoy the outcome. Five Dollars and a few minutes later, I was sent an email letting me know that my next post would achieve at least 560 Likes. As luck would have it, two more of my kids’ friends had arrived in the interim. I rubbed my hands together – the more the merrier. Revenge is a dish best served cold and the crowd was going to be served soon enough. I poured myself a G and T and proceeded to take a selfie as I casually posed next to the pool (with my tongue out , of course). I clicked Send, and then watched with pleasure as my Instagram Likes starting clocking up numbers like a one-armed bandit on gaming night. I smiled and sat back, enjoying the sun, my drink, and the anticipation of the sweet moment that was soon to come my way. Forty-five minutes later, and a whopping 587 Likes in the bag, I sauntered into the kitchen, plopped my phone displaying my last Instagram post on the kitchen counter and headed out the room, casually turning back to address the small crowd of youths on my way out. “Read it and weep people. Read. It. And. Weep!”

80 // POST MATRIC 2015

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Post Matric, KwaZulu-Natal 2015  

Post Matric is an annual regional magazine featuring further education, learning and career options available to school leavers.

Post Matric, KwaZulu-Natal 2015  

Post Matric is an annual regional magazine featuring further education, learning and career options available to school leavers.

Profile for yesmedia