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MERCEDARIO SAN PEDRO NOLASCO -SCHOOL

ENGLISH PROJECT

PRESENTED BY: David Castro Daniel Cucunuba Garcia Camila Yuly Roa Bridges Gabriela Tovar Gonzalez SUBMITTED TO: Teacher - Claudia Patricia Jimenez 6th Grade Director AREA:

English

Bogota, D.C., SEPTIEMBRE 27, 2013


The Statue of Liberty, New York

Empire State, New York

Chrysler building, New York

. Sears Tower, Chicago

Transamerica Pyramid, San Francisco

Washington Monument,

The Capitol, Washington

Arco Gateway, St. Luis, Missouri

The White House, Washington

Golden Gate Bridge (San Francisco)

The pentagon

Brooklyn Bridge


Manhattan Bridge, New York

Woodrow Wilson Bridge Virginia

Welcome to Fabulous Las Vegas, Nevada

Times Square, New York

Las Vegas

Chicago

Universal Park

Harvard University

The great canyon of Colorado

Los Angeles

Yankee Stadium (Beisbol

Universidad de Stanford


First we give thanks to God strengthen and bless every day and enlighten our minds to make this work, thanks to our teacher ORTIZ CLAUDIA PATRICIA JIMENEZ, for having guided and supervised academically, for giving us the opportunity to work in a team and to meet this country as special as the United States. Our deepest gratitude for the patience and support, as well as teach English and be our head of group is a great human being who deserves our respect and affection. Today and always thank our parents for their efforts in research and printing of this work, for the support in our studies, for the joy and strength to move forward. We also thank the College Mercedario San Pedro Nolasco to pass on the knowledge to our training staff.


The UNITED STATES is the most powerful and influential developed on the rest of the world's leading economic power and the main shaft and key development in the world today, this thanks to the successful implementation of its capitalist system and a number of quality that has led to this position.

Before and After the War was the time when American citizens began to make inventions and companies that would be released globally, would be the pioneers in developing all kinds of products of all kinds and class to stock and export to the rest of world.

Using science, technology and always finding innovative solutions to big problems achieved high quality standards in transport, roads, security, education and housing, also has great potential creative, productive, economic, social, educational, military, natural and technological´ . Our lives today are developed in a better way in most of the things we do because of the amount of contributions that the United States has generated.


Is to guide and teach readers the importance of the U.S. in the rational and functional development of their lives, using the information presented may know such importance. Imagine the world without the inventions, brands, companies, mechanisms and ways of doing things; the world would not be the same. That is why we must thank this nation the ability to create factors of well-being for humanity. United States is the country with greater power and affluence in the world, we in our being part of their culture, we can live today thanks to many of his inventions and can develop various aspects of our lives than


Culture …………………………………………………………………………………………. 1-2 Some examples of culture has been expanded world……………………. 2 Wide……………………………………………………………………………………………… 2 Literature …………………………………………………………………………………….. 3 Poetry ………………………………………………………………………………………… 3 Visual arts …………………………………………………………………………………… 4 Architecture ……………………………………………………………………………….. 4 Sculpture ……………………………………………………………………………………. 4 Cartoon ……………………………………………………………………………………… 5 Dances ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 5 TV ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 5 Theater ………………………………………………………………………………………. 6 Fashion ………………………………………………………………………………………. 6 Education …………………………………………………………………………………… 7 Seal of the department of education of the United States ………….. 8 Organization of the most American schools …………………………………….9-10 Most children attend school for 12 years…………………………………………11-12 Types of higher education in the united ………………………………………… 12 College or state university …………………………………………………………….. 12 Private college or private university ……………………………………………… 13 Community College………………………………………………………………………... 13 Fauna …………………………………………………………………………………………… 15 Some animals ………………………………………………………………………………. 16 Federal government …………………………………………………………………….. 17 Legislature branch ……………………………………………………………………….. 18 Executive branch …………………………………………………………………………. 19 Judiciary branch …………………………………………………………………………… 20 State government …………………………………………………………………………. 21-22 Local government …………………………………………………………………………. 23 Flora ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 25 Gastronomy ………………………………………………………………………………….. 27 Restaurants …………………………………………………………………………………… 27 The kitchen of the east zone …………………………………………………………. 28 Dishes west coast …………………………………………………………………………. 29 a 34 Health……………………………………………………………………………………………. 35-36 Information on health system deficiencies …………………………………….. 37


New Obamacare insurance markets ……………………………………………….. 36 Information on health system Deficiencies……………………………………….37 El impacto de Obamacare………………………………………………………………. 38-39 Important Celebrations…………………………………………………………………… 41 These are the official holidays in the United States ………………………… 41 Martin Luther king ………………………………………………………………………… 41 Presidents ‘Day: the Presidents ‘Day ……………………………………………… 42 Valentine’s Day in the use ……………………………………………………………… 43 Memorial Day ………………………………………………………………………………. 44 Independence Day…………………………………………………………………………. 45 The celebration of July 4 ………………………………………………………………. 45 Labor Day ……………………………………………………………………………………… 46 Halloween ……………………………………………………………………………………. 47 Day veterans ………………………………………………………………………………… 48 The thanksgiving day ……………………………………………………………………. 49 Christmas …………………………………………………………………………………….. 50 Inventions ……………………………………………………………………………………. 51 Major brands ………………………………………………………………………………… 52 Cities ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 53 Products import and export………………………………………………………….. 55 Top 10 export sectors …………………………………………………………………… 56 Main products imports ………………………………………………………………… 56 Religion ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 57 Table Percentages Religions in the United States…………………………. 58 Religion in Colombia ……………………………………………………………………. 59-60 Principal religions in Colombia ……………………………………………………. 61 Sports…………………………………………………………………………………………… 63-64 Baskeball is a completely different atmosphere…………………………… 65 The hockey is also a popular winter sport in the united states ……. 65-66 Some pictures of sports ……………………………………………………………… 67-68 Transport …………………………………………………………………………………… 69 a 71 Conclusions ………………………………………………………………………………… 73 References …………………………………………………………………………………….. 75


The United States is one of the carriers of one of the richest cultures in the world, this is due to the intense immigration from all ethnic groups have received in the course of its history, which have been solved since I stepped on American soil defend their religious beliefs and practices. The developments of the culture in the United States of America are film, music, dance, architecture, literature, cuisine and visual arts. The American popular culture is expressed through all media, including movies, television, comics and sports. SOME EXAMPLES OF CULTURE HAS BEEN EXPANDED WORLD WIDE:  Movies: Gone with the Wind and Star Wars  Characters: Mickey Mouse, Marilyn Monroe , Elvis Presley, Michael Jackson , and Madonna  Cartoons: Sesame Street, the Simpsons, Snoopy, Superman, Popeye Barbie, Batman etc.  Sports: Baseball , football and basketball , yoga  Food and Drink : burger , pizza and Coke  Music: jazz , blues , and hip hop  Clothes: Jeans The cities of the country offer classical and popular music, historical research and scientific museums, musicals and plays, as well as artistic and architectural projects of international standard. This development is the result of contributions from individual philanthropists, and government.


LITERATURE American literature took most of his inspiration from Europe. Writers: Nathaniel Hawthorne, Edgar Allan Poe, Henry David Thoreau, Mark Twain, Walt Whitman, Emily Dickinson. Five U.S. citizens have won the Nobel Prize in Literature, most recently Toni Morrison in 1993. Ernest Hemingway, the 1954 Nobel laureate, has been named as one of the most influential writers of the twentieth century.1 The most important works:  Moby - Dick by Herman Melville ( 1851 )  The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain ( 1885 )  The book of F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby ( 1925 )

POETRY In the nineteenth century, began to emergence of a distinctive American idiom. The most influential poets during the First World War are Ezra Pound and T. S. Eliot, towards the end of the millennium, consideration of American poetry has diversified, and historians put a greater emphasis on women's poetry, the Hispanic, AfricanAmericans and other cultural groups.


VISUAL ARTS At the end of eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, American artists have painted mainly landscapes and portraits in a realistic style. The paint covering the United States, today, a broad range of styles ARCHITECTURE United States is a relatively young country, therefore the primary theme is American architecture modern skyscrapers such as twentieth century, varies by region, therefore, be said to be eclectic. SCULPTURE Reflects the country's founding in the eighteenth century, mixing civil values of the Roman Republic and Protestant Christianity. Notable among of his most famous sculptures are the Statue of Liberty, a gift from France, it become the great emblem of the United States.


CARTOON The American comic book is one of the three major global histories traditions, the first to generate a real industry and consistently take the speech bubble, world production led throughout the first half of the twentieth century, with strips of press as Flash Gordon, Krazy Kat, Li'l Abner, Little Nemo in Slumberland, Prince Valiant, Popeye or Terry and the Pirates and the invention of the comic -book. During the 1960s, “superheroes with problems " created by Stan Lee at Marvel Comics and underground comic artists such as Robert Crumb. At the end of 70s, developed the direct sales market, which allows Chris Ware Peter Bagge or present an alternative to the dominant genres and formats. DANCES There are a variety of dance in the United States because it is the birthplace of Lindy Hop and its derivative, the Rock and Roll. It is also characterized by the square dance is one of the main modern dance world. There are a variety of ballroom dances and concerts. TV Television is one of the most massive of the United States, came about to the 1930s and was and is one of the greatest exponents of world television. It is noteworthy that the majority of television programming overall imports these products from this source, so it is considered to America’s number one power televised speech.


THEATER It is based on the tradition of the Wild West, taken from performances in Europe, is related to literature, film, television and American music. Academies have also been developed theater and comedy. Musical theater is arguably it’s the most popular , Broadway Street in New York City is considered , in general , the center of American commercial theater , which owns the Chicago theater scene diverse and dynamic U.S. . There is also a community theater and showcase. FASHION

The jeans were popularized in the second half of the twentieth century by the merchant Levi Strauss. Their use has transcended the limits becoming an element of attire worldwide. In addition to business and individual businesses textiles, fashion on the United States is eclectic and predominantly informal. The country is also home to the creators of several textile companies such as Ralph Lauren and Calvin Klein. Companies such as Abercrombie & Fitch, American eagle, Hollister, Nike, Converse, Vans and Ecko are considered market niches.


Education in the United States is provided mainly by the public sector, with control and funding from the three levels of government, federal, state and local. Child education is compulsory. In the United States control of school education depends primarily on the states and local communities. Education for Americans is of vital national interest clause as stated in the Constitution (Article I Section 8), which gives the U.S. Congress the power to provide "general welfare" of the nation. The states and local school districts have had control of the content of curricula and teaching methods, in fact, federal law prohibits the U.S. government interfere in these areas.


Seal of the Department of Education of the United States To ensure that all children are prepared to achieve success in life, public education in the United States is free.

Most public schools in the United States are mixed. This means that boys and girls studying together. In the United States there are laws for compulsory school attendance. Therefore, in most states, state law requires that all children between the ages of 5 and 16 years attend school. Students must pay tuition to attend private schools. Many of these schools are administered by religious groups. Some are mixed. Others are only for children or girls. Some offer financial assistance to poor students to pay tuition.


The academic year in many schools is composed of two periods called "semesters". (Some schools use a three-term calendar system known as "quarters".) Still others further divided the year in four quarterly periods system, which includes an optional summer period. Basically, if we do not include the summer term, the academic year consists of two semesters or three quarterly periods. ORGANIZATION OF THE MOST AMERICAN SCHOOLS Elementary School - Kindergarten and Grade 1 to 5 - Children between 5 and 10 years elementary school "(elementary school)

Middle School - From grade 6th to 8th - Kids between 11 and 13 years old. High School – from grade 9th to 12th - Young people between 14 and 18 years old.


Secondary schools are comprised of two programs: the first is called "middle school" or "junior high school" (middle school) and the second program is the "high school" (school). On graduation from high school is awarded a diploma or certificate.

Public higher education institutions and private higher education schools 2 or 4 year colleges, universities, technical schools that is open to all adults. Upon graduation from high school (twelfth grade), U.S. students can go to "college" or university. Studies at a college or university are called "higher education�

Graduate-Master, 1 to 2 years


Doctorate three years minimum upon completion of the full course of professional studies and / or PhD can follow a postdoctoral program with no time limit. The school year usually begins in August or September and ends in May or June. In some places, children attend classes throughout the year. The kids and go to school from Monday to Friday. Most children attend school for 12 years. Some schools offer programs before or after regular school hours for children whose parents work. You may have to pay a fee for these programs. The school has the responsibility to evaluate them and place them in an appropriate program. Schools receive state and federal funds for programs and services for English as a Second Language (Ingles as a Second LanguageESL) and bilingual education. You can call the school to request information on assessment tests, placement and services offered. If children do not speak English, they must learn academic subjects in their degree. This is made possible through ESL or bilingual education. Public schools serving free buses. Buses pick up students and leave on a school bus stop near her home. There also shared transport system (car pool) and take turns with other families in your area to take the kids to school. The children can take their lunch to school or buy it at the school cafeteria. The U.S. government also provides nutritious breakfasts and lunches free or at a low price, children without resources to buy food at school. The U.S. government offers healthy meals at low cost or free to more than 26 million children every school day. Participation in the School Breakfast Program (School Breakfast Program) and the National School Lunch Program (National School Lunch Program) depends on family income and number of


members in it. The Special Milk Program (Special Milk Program) provides milk to children and others not participating in federal school meal programs. Public schools usually provide free books. Students typically must buy their own school supplies such as paper and pencil. In most schools teach English, math, social studies, science and physical education. Sometimes they also offer classes in art, music and foreign languages. Teachers assign grades based on the work performed by each student during the school year. The ratings are usually based on the tasks, tests, attendance and classroom behavior. You will receive a report card (report card) several times a year. This newsletter will indicate the progress of their child in each subject. Schools have different ways of assessing students. Some attribute grades using letters, in which an A or A + means excellence and a D or F means deficiency or failure. Other schools give grades using numbers. Other summarizes the performance with words like "excellent", "satisfactory" or "needs improvement."

TYPES OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN THE UNITED

1. College or State University A state school is funded and administered by a state or local government. Each of the 50 U.S. states operates at least one state university and possibly several state colleges. Many of these public colleges in the state are named, or specifically the word "State" (state) in their names: for example, Washington State University (Washington State University) and the University of Michigan (University of Michigan).


2. Private college or private university These schools are run privately, without involving a government entity. The plates are generally more expensive than in state institutions. Often, universities and private U.S. colleges are smaller than public institutions.

Harvard University, USA Universities and colleges with religious affiliations are private institutions. Almost all these institutions accept students of all faiths and beliefs. However, there is a percentage of institutions that prefer to admit students who have similar religious beliefs to the beliefs on which the institution was founded. 3. Community College Community colleges are two-year institutions that grant associate degrees (transferable) and certifications. There are numerous types of associate degrees, but the most important differentiating factor is the fact that whether or not transferable title. The community college graduates usually perform the transfer to colleges or four-year universities to complete their degree April. "Institute of technology" (Institute of Technology) An Institute of Technology is an institution that offers at least four years of study in science and technology. Some have graduate programs, while others offer short-term courses.


In The United States lives more than 400 species of mammals, 750 birds and 500 species of reptiles and amphibians, currently they have also discovered more than 91,000 different kinds of insects, among them are: The mink, martens and foxes, moose, reindeer, elk, bear, antelope, lynx, wolf, etc. They are common on prairie dog, porcupine, red squirrel, ocelot, armadillo, coyote, raccoon, deer, raccoon, skunk, kangaroo, ground squirrel, poultry ibex, marmot and beaver. Birds: alkaline, ospreys, owls, hawks puffin, Caspian tern, American eider, black-billed magpie, western, Lewis Carpenter, cock of Franklin, rook of Seller, scarlet ibis, Gamble’s quail, oriole, thrush wood, hermit thrush, wren, cuckoo, Nighthawk and others. In the desert you can find species of reptiles and insects as a rattlesnake which was given the name by his horny plates bearing on the tail and makes a sound very similar to a rattlesnake. The wildlife in this country is quite varied, and is protected by the government


the bald eagle, national bird of the United States since 1782.

SOME ANIMALS

Armadillo

raccoon

squirrel

Crocodile

deer

owl

Rattlesnake

Prairie Dog

Coyote

Magpie Black Peak.

Nighthawk

Wolf


The federal government is divided into three branches: Legislature: Executive: Judiciary:

Composed by the Senate and the House of Representatives. The president is the commander chief of the armed forces, who name the cabinet members. The Supreme Court and lower federal courts.


LEGISLATURE BRANCH

Senate of the EE UU They are elected by direct vote of the citizens of the district. The Senate has 100 members due to the fact that each state has two senators, elected for a term of six years. The House of Representatives has 435 elected members, each representing a congressional district for a term of two years. The camera positions are distributed among the states every ten years based on their population.


EXECUTIVE BRANCH

The President The president is not elected by direct vote, but by an indirect college voting system. He is elected for a four year term, with the possibility of being reelected only once. The country´s two party system allows a presidential candidate (whether republican or democrat) to win the election with only 270 collegiate votes.


JUDICIARY BRANCH

Supreme Court Whereas the Executive and Legislative branches are elected by the people, members of the Judicial Branch are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate including the number of Supreme Court judges is left to Congress - just six years and nine members belong to judges in civil rights, death sentences. Federal judges can only be removed through impeachment by the House of Representatives and conviction in the Senate. Judges and justices serve no fixed term — they serve until their death, retirement, or conviction by the Senate. By design, this insulates them from the temporary passions of the public, and allows them to apply the law with only justice in mind, and not electoral or political concerns.


STATE GOVERNMENT

The state government is headed by the Governor, who is elected by the inhabitants of the state.


The main responsibilities-functions of the state government are:     

Granting licenses Regulating trade within its borders Exercising powers given by the constitution Distributing subsidies Maintaining-repairing infrastructure, including bridges, tunnels, police stations etc.  Running the public health system  Abiding by the Constitution, especially the Bill of Rights


LOCAL GOVERNMENT

Mayor

The main Local Government Officials are:  City Council Members  School Board Members  Mayors The mentioned officials oversee the correct functioning of services such as:  Schools and public libraries  Police and Fire Departments  Utilities (electricity, water and gas)


United States is considered a mega diverse country: due to the large number of plants and flowers, the most important species are conifers, which give large industry base paper, paper pulp and timber. The most common trees are: spruce, beech, birch, cypress, cedar, larch, redwood, white and yellow pine, oak, chestnut, ash, maple, elm, poplar, basswood, etc. In the Pacific region are characteristic the giant trees, of which The Sequoia is the most important exponent. In the South: mangroves, palms, junipers, cypress swamp, silver tree, etc.

SEQUOIA TREE

SANTA LUCIA'S FLOWER

WHITE PINE


The cuisine is predominant in the United States similar to that in other Western countries. Wheat is the primary cereal grain. Traditional American cuisine uses ingredients such as turkey, venison, deer, potatoes, sweet potatoes. Corn and maple syrup, the food was consumed by Native Americans and early European inhabitants.Pork and barbecues , potato chips and chocolate chip cookies are the hallmarks of American food, synthetic cuisine such as Louisiana the more important in the region. RESTAURANTS In American cuisine is also possible to perceive the ethnic mix that prevails in the country. In big cities, fast food or “fast food" is the dominant note. We live so hastily breakfast and dinner become the main daily meals, while lunch is lighter. Eggs with bacon, toast, juice, fruit and coffee tend to start the day so that you can endure the hard labor rate. Lunch, however, consist of a salad, a sandwich, a hamburger or a hot dog accompanied by any fizzy drink. And is that urban Americans have little time to eat so there is minimal recovery energy to endure the afternoon session, there are stalls everywhere with sausage typical image to any of the officers, housewives home, also chains fast food like burgers, sandwiches, bars and pizzerias are full to overflowing during lunch. When you get home at night things change, dinner is the main meal of the day and usually consists of a starter of salad or pasta, second, meat or fish and a sweet dessert accompanied by a large glass of milk.


On weekends, these customs are modified slightly as to wake up later than usual, Americans join breakfast with lunch creating what they call “brunch� It consists of crepes, pancakes with sour cream and salmon cream cheese, among other alternatives. But do not get discouraged in this scenario because it does not have the obligation to follow the meal plan. Numerous restaurants most have continued schedule, opening their doors to offer anything that stimulates the appetite. Italian, Greek, French, German, Chinese, Indian, Japanese, Russian, and in some places, also Spanish. You can eat any kind of pasta accompanied by the best espresso, best Chinese mushrooms with bamboo; Munich sausages accompanied by the best beer, or delicious red caviar brought directly from Russia. Even if you search a little more, sure you can enjoy delicious paella prepared with the best olive oil. As for prices, as the same meal, are varied and range from $US 6 to $US 100 per person. In many places it is advisable to book in advance.

THE KITCHEN OF THE EAST ZONE

In the East Zone, the possibilities are endless, but seafood is prevalent, particularly in the coastal area, very fresh and exquisitely prepared. In this region you can find any specialty Latin as, for example, Cuban food, roast pork or stone crabs. The restaurants are very popular show and there is a good variety.


DISHES WEST COAST In the area of the western United States can eat delicious meats. Extensive livestock grazing make the quality of the meat is top quality but the variety in the kitchen is not very rich. BBQ Ribs and have started to be exported to other countries as a recipe. It consists of a special dressing ribs and BBQ roasted slowly as its name indicates. The chicken casserole is delicious and if you have chance to make sure you try the cake with sour cream covered with meringue. Other specialties are Western cooking marinated meat, pork seasoned with sauce, the fried chicken, thin slices of chicken with sautéed flour (part of the American tradition, especially the fried chicken wings ) chills relents , green peppers stuffed with meat and cheese, drizzled and gold to the pan with egg, and hot dogs, typical American food . But you can also taste the “jerky’s” steaks in point, menudo, and tripe stew and presented with grain, and the bread dipped in honey and served hot. The Pacific Coast, particularly California, has a wealth of marine specialties: crawfish, salmon, anchovies, halibut, tuna and many more, all served sliced, grilled golden. Here you can also taste clams, razor clams, oysters and the best and finest products of the Pacific Ocean. If you are someone who prefer vegetables and fruits, in the American West can choose from a wide range of excellent quality: figs in the San Joaquin Valley, tomatoes in the Sacramento Valley,


grapes in Sonoma and Napa Valleys , avocados in the Valley of San Diego, dates in the Coachella Valley or lettuce and melons in the Imperial Valley. Other specialties of the West Country are the artichoke soup (California), the BBQ salmon, fresh salmon cooked over hot charcoal or burnt wood, and the Caesar salad, romaine lettuce, egg, anchovies and parmesan cheese. In the southern United States border with Mexico, the influence of the food in this country is felt under the name of food “Tex -Mex “. The chili really spicy goes well with red meat. Try the tacos, corn tortillas stuffed with everything you can imagine, such as beef, peppers, tomato, onion, melted cheese, etc. They are a delight and remember to be eaten with the hands. Try also beans, baked beans and fried with plenty of chili. Mexican food is usually very spicy so always have at hand a good margarita, tequila and lemon juice very cold and the rim dipped in salt.

The apple pie is one of the most representative icons of American gastronomy.


The popular burger is a clear example of dish identified with the United States and which has its origin in European cuisine.

Typical dishes of Louisiana Creole cuisine A ham hock.

DISHES The sandwiches are world renowned mix perhaps wisely knowing two basic ingredients meat and bread, producing hamburgers or sloppy Joe. In some cases maize has a very important role.


Some of the most representative dishes are:

• Boston baked beans • Brownies • Buffalo meat • Apple Pie • Buffalo wings • Cheeseburger • Cheesesteak • Clam chowder • Chicago – style • Chicken pot pie • IEP • pizza • Chocolate chip cookies • Chili con carne • Corn dog • Chocolate chip cookies • Cotton candy • Cornbread • Cotton candy • Pecan pralines • Popcorn • French Fries • Pumpkin pie • Sourdough • Shoo- fly pie • Scrapple • Shoo- fly pie • Sloppy Joe • Spam • Twinkie • Scher batsky • Apple Pie • Baked beans • Brownies • Buffalo wings •Cheese • Buffalo meat • Chicken Meatloaf •Cheesesteak •Clam Chowder • Chicago Style Pizza • Corn Dog • Cotton Candy • Cornbread • Crab cake • Corn on the cob • IEP• Fudge • Chicago Style • Pizza • Donuts • Fudge • Chili con carne • Hamburger • Hot Dog • Hoagie • Corn on the cob • Cream Cheese • Fortune cookies • Fried Chicken • Pastries • General Two Chicken • Ice Cream Cone • Gumbo • Hushpuppies • Jambalaya • Pancake • Peanut butter •Sloppy Joe • Spam • Thanksgiving Dinner (baked turkey with cranberry sauce, etc.)


The population of the United States has the best health care system in the world, averaging occupies 15th place among the top 25 industrialized countries, this poor post has been recently confirmed by the World Health Organization, which uses different indicators including data life expectancy or survival of children up to 5 years old. The poor medical care in the United States has been accumulating. It is known that over 40 million people have no health insurance, evidence of some studies indicate that 20% to 30% of patients receive contraindicated treatments. The health system is deteriorating every year according to public opinion; the only certainty is that America as a nation has not considered the issue of health as a human rights issue but as a free market enterprise. The battle between the Republicans and Democrats for opposing reforms helped their opponents to create a hostile environment for most of the reform proposals.


The inequality of the U.S. health care system is evident across different socioeconomic, ethnic and racial backgrounds. Infant mortality rates nationally are 7.2 per 1000 births. However, "The infant mortality rate for black children is more than double that of white children. These groups often receive worse health care because of the half of the Hispanics, Native and African Americans are poor or live near to the poverty line.

Overall health in the United States by race or ethnicity Race / ethnicity

Good Health

Health fair /poor

White not Hispanic

Excellent health status very good 59.3%

27.8%

12.9%

Black non-Hispanic

44.4%

34.6%

21.1%

Hispanic

33.6%

35.4%

31.1%

Asian

55.8%

33.8%

10.4%

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander American Indian American Indian

55.4%

29.7%

14.8%

42.7%

32.8%

24.5%


With the appearance by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of a report entitled "To Err is Human", we met for the first time it is estimated that 44000-98000 Americans die each year as a result of medical errors such as: 

12,000 deaths per year from unnecessary surgery

7,000 annual deaths from medication errors in hospitals

12,000 annual deaths from other errors in hospitals.

80,000 deaths annually from nosocomial infections in hospitals.

106,000 annual deaths from adverse drug effects (non-error).

In many parts of the U.S., infrastructure and systems to provide

Medical care for catastrophic disasters is very rudimentary.


NEW OBAMACARE INSURANCE MARKETS

The United States is becoming one of the innovations of the Health Care Act Affordable (known as Obamacare) are health insurance markets that will start on January first 2014. Obamacare imposes a mandate that everyone must have a health insurance policy, the use of insurance markets (and free medical care, subsidized or low prices offered therein) is a process that will be common to much of the U.S. population. This has led also to another of the main criticisms of Obamacare which is the obligation to have an insurance policy and that this is abusive in practice forced a new tax. However, proponents of Obamacare say the fact that it is possible to provide health coverage to everyone who wants it, and the benefits that this entails, justifies and makes up the establishment of the mandate, subsidies and insurance markets.


Reportedly, insurance markets offer four types of coverage: bronze, silver, gold and platinum, a bronze lower cost but less quantity or extent of benefits, coverage followed by silver, gold and platinum, which is the higher cost and coverage. Obamacare states across the country will begin operating the new scheme in 2014, but each state has the prerogative of build your own health or market using the federal system. This variation is motivated to some extent by political differences with practical considerations, legal or strategic. This system indicated as: Every policy is required to provide outpatient and physician visits, and hospital emergency services including surgery, maternity services and newborn care, mental health services and substance abuse treatment, drug coverage Recipe, services and equipment for rehabilitation and habilitation, laboratory tests, preventive services, care of chronic and pediatric services (medical, dental and vision).


THESE ARE THE OFFICIAL HOLIDAYS IN THE UNITED STATES         

January 17: February 21: May 30: July 4: September 5: October 10: November 11: November 24: December 26

Martin Luther King Presidents' Day Memorial Day at War Independence Day Labor Day Columbus Day / Day of the Race Day of War Veterans Thanksgiving Day (for Sunday December 25th) Christmas / Family Day MARTIN LUTHER KING

The Martin Luther King's federal holiday in the United States and is celebrated every year on the third Monday in January. The ideals of the American pastor reflected today in millions of people persecuted because of their undocumented immigration status in the American nation.


PRESIDENTS 'DAY: The Presidents' Day

The third Monday in February is celebrated in the United States of America "Presidents' Day" in honor of the top leaders of the country throughout its history. Presidents' Day or President's Day is the holiday celebrated in the United States of America in honor of the presidents of the country throughout its history. This festival originally took place on February 22, the birthday of George Washington, first president of the United States and called "Founding Father of the Nation", but in 1971 moved to the third Monday in February. On this holiday there are many businesses that close, as well as post offices, many schools and public transport some change their schedules, but there are other businesses that remain open, including many stores offer great discounts, which makes many people take this day for leisure and shopping.


VALENTINE'S DAY IN THE USA

Valentine's Day, February 14, dedicated to those in love. On February 14, lovers celebrate Valentine's Day with cards and gifts.


MEMORIAL DAY

The Memorial Day or Memorial Day is a federal character commemorative date that occurs in the United States on the last Monday of May each year, in order to remind the American soldiers who died in combat. Initially it was established to commemorate the fallen soldiers of the American Union who participated in the American Civil War, but after the first world war was extended to honor all American soldiers killed in the wars in which the country participated.


INDEPENDENCE DAY

THE CELEBRATION OF JULY 4 The celebration of July 4th in the United States is one of the most anticipated by U.S. citizens who are ready with plenty of time to celebrate the day of their independence and freedom. This fiesta place, according to historians in 1716, a period which officially declared the independence of the United States of America. The July 4th American families put aside daily activities to spend a fun time, doing many outdoor recreational activities, as well as a different dinner. In this traditional day such as July 4, any U.S. resident fails to see the wonderful patriotic parades featuring the country, accompanied by spectacular parades that viewers are excited for most of the afternoon away. This definition is very important for everyone, but would not be complete unless the classics would not be bright and colorful bursts of fireworks that fill the sky at the end of the day American, is without doubt the most desired.


LABOR DAY

Labor Day, the first Monday in September, is a creation of the labor movement and is dedicated to the social and economic achievements of American workers. It constitutes a yearly national tribute to the contributions workers have made to the strength, prosperity, and well-being of United States.

Columbus day is a public holiday in many parts of the United states, but is not Observed or is not a holiday in some states. Government offices and schools are closed Generally, businesses but May not be open. The flag of the United States is displayed on Government buildings.


HALLOWEEN

United States is one of the countries that celebrate Halloween or Halloween. Almost all Americans will gather with family and friends at a big party that takes place every October 31, but also often extend the celebration, celebrating even the week before that date.


DAY VETERANS

On 11 November in U.S. Veterans Day in honor of those who served in the armed forces. Veterans Day is a celebration that takes place in America every November 11th, and is the date on which the nation honors veterans of this country for their patriotism, love of country and willingness to sacrifice for the common good.


THE THANKSGIVING DAY

The Thanksgiving Day (Thanksgiving) is a traditional celebration of the United States and Canada that is celebrated on the last Thursday of November. That day family and friends gather to share the prayer of Thanksgiving and a banquet, where roasted or baked turkey with corn bread stuffing and sage is the main dish. The day after this celebration, many stores and malls offer bargain prices, starting also to the holiday shopping season.


CHRISTMAS

The traditions are rooted in the mixture of varied customs and today they are part of what for many is a national holiday. It was the Germans who first introduced the 'Christmas tree' in the United States. During 1840 most families did not have their own trees, but enjoyed the decorated trees for the community. In the 1850s the most common decorations were edible: candied fruits and nuts, popcorn chains and blueberries, candy canes (with the shape of the staffs of the shepherds). The trees were lit with candles, but they must be carefully placed to avoid the burning of the houses. It should be noted that it was President Ulysses S. Grant who declared Christmas as a federal holiday in 1870. The first national Christmas tree was lit on the White House lawn by President Calvin Coolidge in 1923. Since then the national Christmas tree has been lit every year except in 1979. In that year, in order to pay homage to the hostages in Iran, only lighted ornament tree crown.


American Inventions (Required in Current Use): The inventions of today need to use are those that play an important role in the development of human life and that without them today would be difficult to survive. The Telephone, The Cell, The Traffic Light, The Television The Elevator, Credit Card, Air Conditioning, Supermarket, Teflon, Nylon, Disks [Now Cd's], The Helicopter, The Computer, The Internet, Fiber Optics, Calculator Pocket, the Car / Auto, Cable TV, the Bulb and Electricity, the Color Television, Satellite Communications, the Microwave, the Electron Microscope, Radio Locator (Radar), Radio Frequency Modulation (FM) , X-ray tube, Welding, DNA Structures, Commercial Airplanes, the Revolver, Artificial Heart, Photo Camera, Wireless Communication, Subway, the recorder, the parachute, Dental pulp, the Jet, Pill, Escalators, Machine Shaving, The Hair Dryer, blender, Sewing Machine, Motorcycle. Marche food products Americans is an important part of world culture, they provide to the citizens of food, products and services is vital, the top brands are Heinz Company, Kraft Foods Inc., Kellogg, Hershey's, Frito Lay, The CocaCola Company, Pepsi-Cola. Etc. The fast food restaurants most famous United States: McDonald's, Church's Chicken, Wendy's, KFC, Subway, Burger King, Starbucks, Domino’s Pizza, Pizza Hut, Friday's, Taco Bell. U.S. companies personal use products: Gillette, Colgate-Palmolive, Johnson & Johnson,


These are some of the most important cities and States of the United States:  New York: Is the Capital of the World, The Big Apple and the city that never sleeps, "New York has a significant impact on global commerce, finance, media, culture, art, fashion, research, education and entertainment.  Las Vegas, Nevada: The Majestic entertainment world city, with impressive buildings that represent the greatest architectural works of the world in one place.  Los Angeles, California: The Entertainment Capital of the World, a city known for being luxurious and glamorous and produces the vast majority of movies, series and programs are on the planet.  California is one of the largest states in the United States)  Texas: Dallas, Houston and San Antonio: Texas is the second largest state of the United States after Alaska, has 24Millones of Double Approximately. Its three largest cities are Dallas, Houston, San Antonio, Among Others. Texas is a State Oil.  Boston, Massachusetts: One of the oldest cities in the country, located on the east coast, with a variety of scenarios and known for its medical and technological advances.  Chicago, IL: The Windy City with skyscrapers and Vanguard.  Washington DC: The Capital of the United States and the seat of national government with various tourist sites.


ď Š Miami, Florida: Beaches and numerous tourist attractions to enjoy the most important city of the state of Florida and lots of Hispanic culture. Not only are these cities, from the largest to the smallest villages very attractive. Later I will show the great natural architectural and these and other cities and the country.


The United States is considered the biggest economical country in the world and one of the most powerful technologically speaking. This country is the biggest importer in the world and the third that makes exportation. This economy is mixed, oriented to a capitalist market where the private have a high relevance in macroeconomic decisions and where the state plays a secondary role. This country has economic trades with all parts of the world, mainly to Canada and Japan and regions in the European Union and South America.


Coal, oil and gas Industrial machinery and equipment Electronics Chemicals Food & snuff Automotive and Auto Parts Plastics Metals Pharmaceutical Textiles

Gasoline Natural Calcium Phosphates Vegetables Coffee, tea and spices Food, beverages and snuff Minerals Fuels Chemicals Plastics Leather and products Paper and articles thereof Flowers Confections Pearls and precious stones Iron and steel Metal and manufactured Electrical machinery Vehicles Aircraft, spacecraft


Religion in the United States is a significant part of the culture because it has no official religion, although more than half of Americans are Christians, The Protestant and Catholic Christians belongs to this group.

The plurality of religions in The United States doesn't allow that one become in a dominant religion, one factor is the proclamation of a secular nation, that enabled it to adopt a practical and effective solution for get a respect for free exercise of the religion. Nowadays they are countless of religious movements, the United States is a country with deep religious convictions, but it respects intensely the same beliefs and practices of different faiths. The religious diversity is part of the culture, the beliefs, the practices and the customs of the nation, but it is true that this configuration is modeled dynamically by different migration that arrives into the country. Certainly that the immigrants feel free to carry their beliefs and religious practices.


The First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution guarantees the free exercise of religion and forbids the establishment any religion like official. .

RELIGION EN LOS EE UU Islam Aglican Community

JUDAISM

Orthodox Church

Wicca New Hera Christians

Protestants Jehovah´s Community

TABLE PERCENTAGES RELIGIONS IN THE UNITED STATES

LUGAR

RELIGION

PORCENTAJE

1

Christians

78.4%

2

Protestants

51.3%

3

Jehovah´s Witnesses

23.9%

4

Anglican Community

30.0%

5

Islam

16.0%

6

Judaism

1.7%

7

Orthodox Church

0.7%

8

Wicca

0.6%

9

New Hera

0.4


RELIGION IN COLOMBIA

PLURALISM TOLERANCE AND RELIGION IN COLOMBIA

Pluralism Pluralism Pluralism Pluralism Pluralism Pluralism Pluralism Pluralism Pluralism Pluralism The predominant religion in Colombia is Catholicism. The 92% of the population says practicing Catholicism, but inside in the same population may be counted different religious groups. Until the 1991 constitution The Catholicism was the official religion of the state. The remaining 8% is part of other religious communities, all with a minority representation.

Principal religions in Colombia: The main religions in Colombia is Catholicism with 92% of the population and the remaining 8.0% belongs to other religious communities it means different evangelical congregations  Pentecostalism  Protestantism (in this case a small portion of Seventh-day Adventists, Lutherans, Presbyterians, Methodists and Baptists)  Jehovah's Witness  Anglican Communion  Rastafarianism.


   

Islam Buddhism and religions of the Far East. Judaism Orthodox Church.

They are also now a vast family of pagan religions:  Wicca  New age

Different philosophies of religion:  Agnosticism  Atheism  skepticism

RELIGION IN COLOMBIA Christian

Protestant

Jehovahs Witnesses

Anglican Community

Islam

Judaism

Orthodox Church

Wicca


Religious Parallel between Colombia and the United States In general a common phenomenon in all Western nations that Christian is predominant, is the development of secular states and the separation of church / state it generates the creation of a society that its base is "less religious" and this cause gives the religious people the privacy of an individual or group. The new religious movements: The proliferation of new religious movements especially after 1991 makes that begin conflicts of coexistence. The organization of the historic Christian Churches is based on an identifiable authority that is more elaborated, while new religious movements have a more informal statement. The politico-religious persecution: The socio-political conflict in Colombia haven´t left out the religious theme. The presence of organized forms of religion in those areas where the state fails (marginalized areas neglected populations, etc.), makes groups and religious leaders are often with the characters of the armed conflict in Colombia and that many pastors, clergy and religious suffer the consequences of war. The United States has been able to integrate, limit and adapt to plurality of religions into their culture, providing a good example of religious and social integration, and this isn't be important these days, in a world subject to the new global religious conflicts and the so-called war between civilizations.


Evangelical church in Alabama

Chapel on the Rock, Arizona, USA


The American Football is the most popular sport The American Football is the most popular sport among viewers in the United States. It is a combat game where highly trained athletes skillfully and executed strategic plans brutally . Attending a football game usually starts with a " tailgate party " in the parking lot of the stadium, followed by several hours of tough emotionally charged excitement . Most of other enthusiasts gather at a local bar or at a friend's house to watch the game in front of a big screen TV . The National Football League (NFL ) consists of 32 teams porfesionales located in major cities in the United States. Each team plays 16 games between the first days of September and the end of December. The two best teams are in the Super Bowl at the end of January. Games are played Sunday afternoons , some being the nationally televised Monday night . It is very difficult to get tickets to any NFL game as it is usually sold out before the season starts. Sometimes you can get some tickets through a travel agency and ticket agents at high prices. You can almost always buy very expensive tickets resellers , across the stadium just before the game starts . In hundreds of universities, to play college football on Saturdays afternoons . These college games have excellent equipment and often attract up to 100,000 spectators . It is difficult to get tickets for the games of the top universities for less popular but always find it.

Baseball is the second most popular sport in the United States and has a completely different atmosphere than the football . It is a game of intense concentration and perfect execution of skills. Assist the baseball game at night usually begins with a tailgate party that resembles a family picnic followed by several hours of relaxed socializing with friends while watching the game.


In Safeco play the Seattle Mariners, a team of Major League Baseball's American League. There are 30 teams in Major League Baseball divided into the National League and the American League. Each team plays about 160 games in the evenings on weekdays, evenings or weekends, between the early spring and late fall. The best team from each league meet in late fall for World Series games that determine the National Champion. Only tickets popular games sell out, so that you can almost always buy tickets for MLB games. Several hundred minor league teams play in smaller cities of the United States and Canada. Each team is affiliated with any of the major league teams and used as a platform to advance to play in these. Always find tickets for minor league games.


The excitement of basketball combines a very fast game of football as the concentration and athletic ability in baseball. A basketball game can be intensely exciting but does not have the toughness of football. The National Basketball Association (NBA) team has 29 cities in Canada and the U.S. They play about 100 games in the evenings and some afternoons between October and May. The championship games are in June. In many cities, tickets for NBA games sell out well in advance so it can be rather difficult to get. There are also ten teams of the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA) in the U.S. Their games are not as popular as the NBA but are equally exciting and tickets can be found easily. In hundreds of universities around the country play basketball, at universities that play this sport find excellent equipment and can be very difficult to get tickets.

Hockey is not as popular as football, baseball or basketball but has a good number of followers in certain cities in the U.S. and Canada. This game has the thrill of the speed of football and basketball in addition to quite violent contact. Hockey games have a reputation for attracting audience’s noisy, beer drinkers and full of rude fans. The National Hockey League (NHL) has 30 teams in major cities of the U.S. and Canada. Each team plays about 80 games between October and April. The playoff eliminations are carried out after the season and the two best teams play in the championship of the “Stanley Cup “. Tickets are available for games in almost every city, just run out to the most popular games.


NASCAR is the second professional sports in the United States number of viewers. Motor racing were once very popular among the rural population in small towns in the U.S. Southeast. Today, the National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is one of the sports of expectation that is growing faster in the United States. It held about 35 major NASCAR races each year in addition to 60 special children and careers. Entrance tickets are usually available on the tracks as the tracks have much capacity. The racing season starts in February in the southern states and extends to the end of August. The annual championships are awarded based on points accumulated throughout the season. Minor League Race Car racing still holds on smaller tracks throughout the country, where race cars and local drivers competing for regional championships. The meetings of "drag races" are held in numerous "drag strips" along the U.S... Displays of "Truck pulls, tractor pulls and big wheels" and "demolition derbies" are held in multiple tracks and stadiums in the country.


The Department of Transportation of the United States (DOT English: Department of Transportation) is a department of the Federal Cabinet of the government of the United States responsible for the transport. It was founded by Congress on October 15, 1966 and began operations on April 1 next year. It is controlled by the Ministry of Transportation of the United States. Its mission is "To serve America by providing a system for fast, safe, efficient, accessible and convenient to be aware of our vital interests at nation and improve the quality of life of the American people, today and forever." In some places, such as railroad and aviation, the federal government has taken reins complete using the powers of the Commerce Clause and retracted virtually all regulation at the local and state level. But the construction and maintenance of highways and transit networks have always been the responsibility of the government of the U.S. state. The federal government has increased its activity in transport policies through increased federal taxes and making concessions to the federal government for specific projects. But technically, the daily responsibility and project results fall in the states. Thus, the Federal Highway Administration and Federal Transit


Administration not build and operate roads, but exist solely to distribute grants to state governments and to ensure that such grants are used in a way that promotes policies national transport.

American youth are decreasing while drive a car and are increasing the use of alternative transportation. Their priorities are different from those with the older generations. For example: In 2009, people aged 16 to 34 years took 24 percent more bike trips than they did in 2001. The same age group in 2009 walked to their destinations by 16 percent more often in 2001. From 2001 to 2009, the number of passenger miles by public transport of people between 16 and 34 years increased by 40 percent. - See more at: It is expected that the trend towards reducing car use among young people continue, as a result of technological change and increased legal and financial barriers. The transportation infrastructure in the United States, according to World Fact Book "of the CIA, in their different ways by extension occupies the top spot globally as shown below:


The rail system is the largest in the world, with a total of: 224.792 km. of trunk lines. The road system also ranks first worldwide with a total of 6,506,204 km, of which 4,374,784 km are paved (including 75.238 km of roads and 2.13142 million kilometers are unpaved) The river system of the United States, ranked fourth after China, Russia, and Brazil, has a total of 41.009 kilometers of navigable internal roads, excluding the Great Lakes, of which 19,312 km are in commercial use. The U.S. port system has more than 400 ports. According to the American Association of Port Authorities "AAPA" most important ports in terms of tonnage mobilized in 2010 are: Port of South Louisiana (Louisiana), Houston (Texas), New York and New Jersey (New Jersey), New Orleans (Louisiana), Plaquemines (Louisiana), Baton Rouge (Louisiana), Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania), Valdez (Alaska), St. Louis (Missouri and Illinois) and Duluth-Superior (Minnesota - Wisconsin). The districts that stand higher value of the load, are: Los Angeles (California), Houston-Galveston (Texas), New York City (New York), New Orleans (Louisiana), Seattle (Washington), Savannah (Georgia), San Francisco (California), Charleston (South Carolina), Norfolk (Virginia), Miami (Florida). In Airports, United States ranks first in the world with a total of 15,079 of which 5,194 are paved and unpaved 9,885. As for moving tons in 2010, the United States has six of the twenty largest cargo airport in the world: Memphis International (Memphis), Anchorage (Alaska), Louisville International, Miami International, Los Angeles International and JF Kenned (New York).


Metro Houston (United States)


This work was important because it allowed us to know a little more depth America culture or American real life and not like most Hollywood sometimes does not display. Americans learned to work hard, have a competitive spirit, often competing with themselves as well as with others. They feel good when they break their own record in an athletic event or other competition. Americans are always "up" because sitting quietly doing nothing seems like a waste of time. Americans try to deal with their differences face to face without mediators, they are encouraged to talk and say their opinions. American parents are concerned about the future of their children and prepare them to become leaders and face the challenges of a powerful nation. They are very demanding especially in the business place people expect that there is a mutual respect between women and men. Americans are laws against discrimination based on race, sex or ethnicity. In conclusion Americans value independence, individualism and respect use them to succeed.


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BIDEGAIN, Ana Maria (ed.) History of Christianity in Colombia. Currents and diversity. Bogota, Taurus, 2004. MORÁN, GLORIA M., The legal protection of religious freedom in the U.S., University of Santiago de Compostable, Santiago, 1989. HAROLD BLOOM, Religion in America, Fond de Culture Economical, México, 1994. U.S. Trade Guide - PROEXPORT COLOMBIA Historia del mundo Contemporáneo: Antonio Fernández Vicens VivesCO: U- De Barcelona-1998 Páginas: 206 a 222



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