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TAN YEE YIN STUDENT NUMBER: 560654 SEMESTER 2/2012 GROUP 13


Embryonic Stage (2 to 7 weeks)

FROM CELL TO FOETUS

The major internal organs and external body structures take on identifiable shapes. The brain and spinal cord can be identified. Arms and legs sprout and take shape. Fingers and toes are discernible. Hair begins to appear.

An embryo,irregularly from Greek: ἔμβρυον, means “that which grows,” from en- “in” + bryein, “to swell, be full”. It is a multicellular diploid eukaryote in its earliest stage of development, from the time of first cell division until birth, hatching, or germination. In humans, it is called an embryo until about eight weeks after fertilization and from then it is instead called a foetus. The development of the embryo is called embryogenesis.

Zygote Stage (0 to 5 days)

Fertilization occurs when a sperm penetrates an egg, usually in one of the Fallopian tubes. Half of the father’s DNA combines with half of the mother’s DNA to form a single, complete set of human genetic information. Regardless, upon forming, a zygote immediately

Fertilisation

Oocyte

The foetus has all of the body parts that an adult has. The muscles cause the body parts to move in coordinated ways, and the organ systems begin to function. By 14 weeks old, the sex of the fetus can be identified in an ultrasound scan. By 24 weeks, the foetus has a chance of surviving outside of the womb if a premature birth occurs.

begins to divide and grow into a ball of cells called a blastocyst.

Blastocyst Stage (5 to 10 days)

About one week after fertilization, a ball of several hundred cells implants itself in the lining of the mother’s uterus. The blastocyst is only one layer of cells thick in all but one section, where it’s about four cells thick. The thin layer becomes the placenta while the thick section of the blastocyst will become the embryo itself. When a section of the blastocyst begins to float in the fluid of the amniotic sack, the embryo stage has begun.

1 day

Zygote

Foetus 4 cell

Foetal Stage (8 to 37 weeks)

8 cell

Morula

Blastocyst

Embryo

21-23 days

28-32 days

35-38 days

42-44days

50-60 days


THE MOON EVOLUTION From epic asteroid bombardment and lava flow to the formation of craters, the Moon has a rich and violent history. Nature has taught me, the only constant is the change.

"Evolution of the Moon" explains why the moon did not always look like it does now. The moon likely started as a giant ball of magma formed from the remains of a collision by a Mars sized object with the Earth about four and a half billion years ago. After the magma cooled, the moon's crust formed. Then between 4.5 and 4.3 billion years ago, a giant object hit near the moon's South Pole, forming the South Pole-Aitken Basin.This marked the beginning of collisions that would cause large scale changes to the moon's surface, such as the formation of large basins.

Because the moon had not entirely cooled at the inside, magma began to seep through cracks caused by impacts. Around one billion years ago, it’s thought that volcanic activity ended on the near side of the moon as the last of the large impacts made their mark on the surface. The moon continued to be battered by smaller impacts such as the formtion of craters. So, while the moon today may seem to be an unchanging world, its appearance is the result of billions of years of violent activity. The pictures also show the changes of moon’s phase from the crescent to the full moon. The synodic cycle repeats on average 29.53 days. Therefore the timing of the Moon’s phases shift by an average of almost one day for each successvie month.

QUARTER MOON

FULL MOON

GIBBOUS MOON

LUNAR CRATER TSIOLKOVSKY

Complex central peak Smooth floor of lava Rim of crater

Ejecta CRESCENT MOON

Crater diameter= 125miles (185 km)


Caterpillar in the cocoon

BUTTERFLY EMERGENCE

A caterpillar with a spiral shape, which is similar to the snail shell.

A day before Cocoon becomes translucent and the wing’s pattern can be seen outside.

The caterpillar, or what is more scientifically termed a larva, stuffs itself with leaves, growing plumper and longer through a series of molts in which it sheds its skin. One day, the caterpillar stops eating, hangs upside down from a twig or leaf and spins itself a silky cocoon or molts into a shiny chrysalis. Within its protective casing, the caterpillar radically transforms its body, eventually emerging as a butterfly or moth. The cocoon or chrysalis stage can last anywhere from 2 weeks to 40 days. This idea was inspired by the glowing of firefly. A lantern with a geometrical shape of a butterfly would be attractive when it glows. When the butterfly is emerging from its cocoon, the glowing lantern amazingly brings out the message of a new born in the world of nature.

ANALYTICAL DRAWING

Butterfly emerged from the cocoon

One day period The butterfly emerges with a small, wrinkled and wet wings.

It begins to experiment with its drying wings by moving them up and down.

Once the wings dried, the butterfly flaps its wings and take flight for the first time.


Scales

Butterflies are characterized by their scale-covered wings. The coloration of butterfly wings is created by minute scales. These scales are pigmented with melanins that give them blacks and browns, but blues, greens, reds and iridescence are usually created not by pigments but the microstructure of the scales. This structural coloration is the result of coherent scattering of light by the photonic crystal nature of the scales. These patterns of the butterfly’s wing can be an inspiration for my model’s panelling. From different scales, different geometrical shapes are discovered.

PROPOSAL 1 PRECEDENTS (2) Embryo Nightclub, Bucharest, Romania

(1) Wearable Belt Now, men can have a chance to experience what a pregnant woman feels with the creation of this wearable belt design! The red warning light flashes in the capsule with a modeled fetus to discourage touching. In touch mode, a series of interactions are possible.

Photographic and light microscopic images Zoomed-out view of an Inachis io.

The designs of the nightclub include various stages of development of an embryo at every corner of the club.The colour used brings out the atmosphere of the human

Closeup of the scales

internal parts. PLUS, the simple polygons are based on the analogies of sperms, vagina and etc.

Electron microscopic images

The repetition of the shape on the wall shows the example of the nature pattern formation as discussed in the first reading by Ball, which is the autocatalytic process.

A patch of wing

Magnification

Approx. ×50

Scales close up Approx. ×200

A single scale ×1000

Microstructure of a scale ×5000

Dont touch me!

You can touch me now ^.^


FURTHER DEVELOPMENT

FIRST ROUGH DESIGN

(2)Zygote undergoes cell division (1) When the sperm hits the egg (3) Formation of an Embryo

Use more LEDs at the head part of the embryo so that it shines brighter. As brain is the main control of a life.

This belt illustrates the whole process of how an embryo is developed from a single cell-zygote. It begins with the moment when the sperm breaks the ovary wall and combines with the egg to form zygote. Later on, it reaches the cell division stage and this described by the pear-like-shape. Before it grows into an embryo shape with a head and body, there are two spheres which indicates the two fully divided cells.

The illustration of how it looks like.

Design: “It’s Everyone’s Baby”

Clay model The belt is getting thinner at the back to show the curve shape of the body.

Front view

Side view


PROPOSAL 2

FIRST ROUGH DESIGN

FURTHER DEVELOPMENT

PRECEDENTS (1) Full Moon Bay and the Crescent and Caspian Plus

(2) Half Moon Bay, an Art Piece.

Figured maple, jarrah, wenge, glass crystal It is an art piece for sell by the Alan Carter Studio. It’s using the concept of half moon as its main idea.

With the ambitions of civil engineers flying high and high, Korean Heerim Architects has tried to reinvent the Moon Shape Skyscraper with their two projects in central Asian republic of Azerbaijan. They have proposed a skyscraper to be built in Baku, capital of Azerbaijan with a view on the Caspian sea. The first picture is the Full Moon Bay, while the second picture is the Crescent and Caspian Plus.

I want to involve both moon revolution and moon’s phase in my design. Thus, for the crescent moon, I will use simple panelling with cardboard. Beginning from the quarter moon, I will make some small holes to let the light emerged from the internal space, just like the particles bombardment on the surface of the Moon. Secondly, I will use black cardboard to make the lava fluid shape. Thus, that part would be darker when lights on. Lastly, while fabricating the surface of the full moon, there will be certain parts which slightly concave inwardly, these symbolise the moon craters.

I further develop the idea by including both the Earth orbit and Moon orbit axes, which the angle between the ecliptic and the lunar equator is always 1.543°. Instead of putting the lantern at the right shoulder, I change it to the left side, so that the full moon will lay on the heart. There will be the largest crater at the South pole, which is the Aitken Basin. Design: “Moon in the Heart”


EXPERIMENT ABOUT THE ROTATION OF MOON AND HOW THE MOON’S PHASES ARE FORMED I conducted an experiment to see how the positions between the Sun, the Earth and the Moon will relate to the formation of moon’s phase. The red ball represents the Earth, while the clay ball represents the Moon. The light ray is where the sunlight is.

PROPOSAL 3 PRECEDENTS (1)Yellow Tree House

The New Moon Phase is when the Moon locates in between the Sun and the Earth in a straight line. Otherwise, it forms a full moon when the Earth is in between the Sun and the Moon For the Quarter Moon and the Crescent Moon, three of them are not alighed in a straight line.

It’s inspired through many forms found in nature -the chrysalis/cocoon protecting the emerging butterfly/moth, perhaps an onion/garlic clove form hung out to dry. It is also seen as a lantern, a beacon at night that simply glows yet during the day it might be a semi camouflaged growth, or a tree fort that provides an outlook and that offers refuge. The diagram at the right is the plan view of the design. The plan form also has loose similarities to a sea shell with the open ends spiralling to the centre, where the tree locates. This plan view sketch had been taught in the reading by Yee-The Conventional Orthographic Terminology.


FIRST ROUGH DESIGN

The front view

FURTHER DEVELOPMENT

Panelling Perspective View

The back view

The cocoon shape The light comes out from the cocoon, a metaphor of welcoming the new born. The butterfly’s wings emerge from the cocoon.

Cocoon shape lantern

Panellling Front View

The model’s head emerged from the lantern, just like the butterfly emerges from the cocoon. Instead of hanging downwards, my design is in an upward direction. The light comes out from the internal, just like the previous idea, welcoming the new life. Design : “ The Rise of Cocoon”


PROPOSAL CHOSEN-FINAL

FINAL MODEL 1:5

I attempted to overlap the four moon’s phases, from the Crescent to the Quarter to the Gibbous and Lastly Full Moon. The overlapping of four of them forms 6 separated parts. I was numbering them in a sequence starting from the Crescent to the Full Moon. My design will surround the shoulder from left to the right, like the Moon orbitting the Earth. I will still include the moon evolution in my final Part design. As this will be potential for my future Part of the Part of the exploration on fabrication. Full Moon (6), of the Quarter Moon the surface Gibbous (4), particles Moon has many bombard(5), there craters. ment occurs is lava on it. on it.

Right side view

Parts of the Crescent Moon (1, 2, & 3), which their surfaces will be only smooth.

Left side view


ANALYSIS OF READINGS/LECTURES The lectures and readings in this subject are useful in such a way to asist me in critical thinking. Moreover, they did help me to explore deeper in the geometrical studies as well as some challenging softwares, such as Rhino and Indesign. The reading by Yee and Ching set a fundamental for my future architecture studies. In those readings, I learned the skill to draw the perspective view, plan view, section and etc. Not only that, the learning of analytical drawing is definitely useful for me to further develope the structure of the lantern, so that can make it more abstract and simple.

REFLECTIONS We have been taught to explore the natural processes as a starter of our porject of the lantern design. My first instinct is to find something that can perform well when associate with the light. Hence, I chose the development of an embryo from a cell, the moon evolution as well as the butterfly emerging process. The reasons are these processes bring a message of new life, a new hope to the world. I applied the knowledge from the reading about how to form repeating patterns and also how to sketch an analytical drawing while exploring my idea. I made some simplicities of geometrical shapes on my design, such as the first design of the concept of butterfly emerging through the analytical drawing.

The relationship between numbers and arts is incredibly interesting! It was the best lecture as I never know all the numbers and equations can form some special patterns, even some of the natural elements on the Earth, such as the pineapple.

Later on, my tutor suggested me to focus on the idea of the development an embryo. It seems to be unique with my design’s purpose, which I want to make it a belt, so that even a man also can have a chance to experience the feeling of carrying a baby. However, she recommended to choose the proposal of the moon evolution after I showed her my new idea of the Moon. This is because the moon surface is potential for me to apply variety of fabrication on my model. I pretty agree with my tutor’s opinion. As this allows me to be able to explore more on Rhino for the coming modules.

After attended all the lectures and flipped through all the readings, I am able to practise them in my design work for the lantern. I realised that starting to create something from nature is such a powerful and limitless idea. I also learned how to simplify my idea with the use of different geometries instead of what it exactly looks like

For my further development of the moon, I used the overlapping method in order to find out some simple geometries as my design, rather than simply put the moon shape onto my design. This gives more abstract to the viewers.


Final Module 1  

560654-Tan Yee Yin

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