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rchitecture, according to Oxford Dictionaries, it defines as ‘the art and study of designing buildings.’[7]Performative architecture allows the use of digital technologies to challenge the way built environment is designed.[8] The engagement created by designers, engineers, planners, and other related professions create a platform for the creative designs to be built in reality. This trend opens an opportunity for digital architecture to being one of the redirective approaches in leading the community to a sustainable future with their designs. In the past, traditional architecture and designs are sourced from the analysis as well as by the constraints imposed. Thus, limited ideas are able to be produced. Today, the use of computing system in designing process creates more possible outcomes as in virtual world; it allows more imaginations to occur. However, there are also some designers who misuse the technology by simply generate designs from the algorithmic process without critically thinking about the content. This will results in the form created with only aesthetical value rather than functionality. Thus, design thinking always important in computation approach to ensure a qualitative control over the outcomes.

Design computation never reaches its permanent state, it never stop exploring any new possibilities to overcome its restriction as a programming tool. Nowadays, architecture could hardly stand alone without computer. From design process to the production; from the form generation to the fabrication, this man-machine relationship becomes the medium that support design thinking and making.

Apparently, digital materiality and fabrication become a trend in designing. The concept of digital materiality brings a new chapter of digital tectonics in design. With the use of computer, the way we perceive materiality with object is unlike the traditional way. Rather than previously manipulated static forms, designers now can play with geometric flows, which the surface the volumetric deformations that can be explored with computer tools. The performative design of material systems becomes an integral part of the digital architecture. It is the computational modelling of natural principles of performative design of material systems that we can potentially create a second nature, or a sounder architecture with respect to material ecology.[9] Some people accuse that design computation is unrealistic as it allows too much freedoms in designing even though some of these virtual designs could never be built in reality. Somehow, an architectural design is indeed a virtual object. There is no architectural design without some margin of indeterminacy that allows different paths to be followed.[10] In order to allow the virtual world closer to the reality, the invention of software such as Grasshopper creates a set of rules that not only considers the aesthetical value of the design but also the rationality of making it real. Computational design, although it is capable of a high level of generative variability, there are still modes of operation and preferences that constrain the designer. In this case, constraints are good to designs to ensure the outcome is logical in term of construction.

This understanding in computing is playing a role to practice digital design thinking in the project at Copenhagen. A performative sculpture that performs both aesthetical value as well as sustainable feature would be a future trademark for Copenhagen as a green city.


A.2. A.2.Design DesignComputation Computation

Some people would say technology is slowly concurring the human as in we tend to be digitally dependent rather than applying design thinking when comes to the design ideas. Today, this could be untrue since design becomes the thinking of architectural generation through the logic of algorithm. Scripting of set of rules with the control on parameters need logical thinking to relate the objects with their parts-and-whole relationships. As the advanced technologies continually developing, designers could even explore the geometries in a micro scale. In architecture field, the context of envelopes now is becoming more interesting with the ability of producing prefabricated materials in a micro scale.

Tan yeeyin 560654 journal final submission  

final journal studio air