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Globalization Something old, something borrowed, and something new.

Yelena Bosovik London June 2011

Cover Page:View from the River Thames, London Opposite Page: Her Majesty’s Theater, London Above: View from St. Paul’s Cathedral, London.

Architecture Something old, something new

Globalization: the movement of people, things and ideas. Our three week study abroad trip in London taught me that essentially Great Britain, more specifically London, is the essence of globalization. From the architecture to the people, London is bustling with a variety of cultures and diversity.

Architecture plays a large part in providing visual proof of globalization in London. From looking at the horizons of London from the top of the London Eye, to walking the streets of London, one can see architecture styles varying in age and style. Foreign influences can be seen by those highly interested or knowledgeble in all things architecture, but what is most evident to even an untrained eye, is how well the old, the new and the borrowed blend in to make a beautiful skyline. Below: Visible is a tall business building, built in a more modern style with lots of glass and a simple design. Just down the river is an older building with lots of detail and obvious historical style influences. Also visible in the image is the River Thames, a symbol and memoir to Britain’s rich shipping and trading history that is in large part responsible for the globalization within the UK. London’s Museum of the Docklands is a three story museum dedicated to solely to educating the world about Britain’s history in shipping and trading. It features the classic exhibits about the large amount of trade occuring between Great Britain and the rest of the world, as well as the exchange of people and ideas, both in the form of immigration and at one point, slavery. Next page, top: This photo shows construction bustling around the historic dome of St. Paul’s Cathedral. This is evidence of new influences popping up around the old buildings housing British History. St. Paul’s Cathedral is the perfect example, since this church is considred to be one of the oldest in the history of Europe. St. Paul’s information booklet includes, “In welcoming you to St Paul’s, we invite you to follow in thes teps of those pilgrims, worshippers and visitors who have experienced something of the excitement and spiritual power of the place”. St. Paul’s even captures a piece of American culture with a chapel being built in 1958 dedicated to commemorate Americans based in Britain during the Second World War. Later, in 1999, a memorial service is held for King Hussein of Jordan, with the first reading in the cathedral of the Qur’an. All of these actions and more illustrate the globalization occuring not only in London, but within St. Paul’s Cathedral. Next page, bottom: This picture captures another version of old and new combined. The historic buildings provide the old and the new is evident in the modern transportation and in the bottom left corner, the group of people enjoying lunch on a rooftop next to a more modern glass structure.

Art & Memorials Something old, something new

Art & Memorails cover: London is seeing more and more modern art come up around the city. This photo is just one example of new ideas arriving in London. This particular artist chose to build a sculpture showing a molded hand of his son playing with a version of his first car. Previous page: These two images of the two world known statues - the angel and the Trafalgar Square lions, are two historical landmarks that remind people of the start of globalization. The Trafalgar Square is in memory of a victory in battle at the time of Great Britain spreading to become a greater empire. The angel is said to be a guardian angel for battles, once again showing how globalization has spread historically - through Great Britain’s colonization and imperial wars. Other sights such as this around London include memorials for all kinds of wars Great Britain has fought in. Most of these memorils though are in memory of other nationalities and allies. They even have a memorial for all the animals that have died in wars! Opposite page: At Tate Museum, these two photographs were captured in adjourning rooms. The different styles and influces are clearly evident. Below: This photo was taken in a Egyptian exhibit at the British Museum. It was really quite fascinating at how large this Egyptian exhibit was, especially considering that it was British Museum! These Egyptian treasures, some of which were quite valuable and large were acquired over a long period of time, most during Britain’s emperial times when Great Britain’s empire spread across different continents. Next page: The Rosetta Stone. In conjunction with the Egyptian Exhibit, the British Museum had the Rosetta Stone on display. The short description on display with the Rosetta Stone really captures the history of globalization, especially between the relationship of Great Britain and Egypt. The stone was “Captured in Egypt by the British Army in 1801” and brought back to Great Britain. This very important piece of Egyptian history was taken by Great Britain and brought back to be displayed in their British History Museum. This is a common theme in British museums, many of which are filled with art, sculptures and historic artifacts from other countries spanning most of the world.

Culture & Religion Something borrowed Above: This quote by Nelson Mandela on the Olympics captures very accurately the relationships between the UK and globalization. Next page: These two images were taken at the Brixton Marketplace. It’s only one of the few diverse market places located on London streets. Walking through the streets of Brixton Marketplace, one can see dozens of different nationalities represensted - from people to food or other culturally relevant knick-knacks. It’s almost like stepping into a different country - with a completely different culture. It’s a little piece of foreign countries and cultures adapting to London. Similarly, our visit to the Hindu temple, brought us to an area heavily populated by people of Indian nationality. Once again, it was like stepping into little India - one could see women, children and men dressed in traditional Indian garb. They even had their own restaurant and grocery store, in addition to their temple. In reality, although most of the residents worship and live in the neighberhood, they hold normal everyday jobs in the heart of London - bussinessmen, attorneys, and shop owners. That is globalization in action - little pieces of other countries almost flawlessly blending into the British landscape. This also relates to the school visit we made to St. Mary’s School. In that school alone, 35 languages are represented, and around 70% of the students English is their second language. Nonetheless, all students are treated equally and kept with their year. Teachers also incorporate different cultures and languages into their teaching lessons. For example, when I shadowed the first year classroom, the students were learning how to say phrases in Arabic, which is a heavily represented language within St. Mary’s School.

Opposite page: Top: The remains of Roman Baths go back to the start of globalization with the spread of the Roman Empire. Opposite page: Bottom: The First Metheodist Church: The number of religions represented within London is really quite astounding. From different religions to different languages, there seems to be a religion for anyone and everyone. When we visited the Methodist church, there were a variety of cultures, skin colors and types of people represented. Most of these religions were brought from other countries and from all edges of the world, now they make their home in England, bringing globalization with them to the UK. Above: A billboard advertisement on the walls of the London Underground. Globalization is a way of life nowadays, a topic that most of us take for granted and don’t even think about. With the help of internet and developing technology, things happen very quickly. Only a few decades ago, it took months by ship to get from England to America, today, our flight was only 10 hours, sitting in a comfortable seat with food service and a TV. For a price, you can ship things overnight via FedEx to pretty much any corner of the world. Thanks to social networking and the internet, people are able to share ideas instantly with anyone in the world. Today, everything and everyone across the world are somehow connected. The material for our clothes is weaved in Sri Lanka, sewn in China, sold in department stores across the world and recycled to third world countries in a time of crisis. Today’s society is a global society and every day we become more and more interconnected.


London field trip