Page 1

j{kkea=h us c<+kbZ vlqj{kk

,uMhVhoh dk QthZokM+k

ifjorZu dh dgkuh 16-31 ekpZ 2014

okn

~

fookn

~

laokn

cgh eksnh c;kj

`

20


o"kZ% 1] vad% 15

yksdlHkk pquko dh ljxehZ c<+ xbZ gSA mls gj igyw ls le>krh gqbZ dbZ fjiksVZ nh tk jgh gSA bl le; tSlh jktuhfrd rLohj mHkj jgh gS mldk ,d vkadyu Hkh fn;k x;k gSA lqjUs nz fd’kksj us fcgkj ds cnyrs jktuhfrd lehdj.k dks vius vkys[k esa izLrqr fd;k gSA j{kkea=h ,-ds- ,aVksuh dh foQyrk ppkZ esa gSA mlds dkj. kksa dk fo’ys"k.k ftrsUnz frokjh dh fjiksVZ esa gSA iznhi flag us pquko lq/ kkj ds n`f"Vdks.k ls fuokpZu vk;ksx dh tkap ij[k dh gSA bl ckjs esa u`iUs nz feJ ls gqbZ mudh ckrphr [kkl gSA v#.k vxzoky vkSj jkds’k flag ds vkys[k ls vjfoan dstjhoky dk psgjk csudkc gksrk gSA ftrsUnz prqonZs h us ,uMhVhoh ds QthZokM+s dks mtkxj fd;k gSA

16-31 ekpZ 2014

3 vUuk dk u;k vfHk;ku u;s lius dk egklej

4 Fkksih xbZ leL;k,a 11 bl igj eksnh ygj

06

14 fe'ku 11 esa tqVs jeu 15 thr dk bfrgkl nksgjkus dh pqukSrh 17 jk"Vªæksg ;k [ksy Hkkouk\

22

j{kkea=h us c<+kbZ vlqj{kk vius yEcs dk;Zdky esa j{kk ea=h ,-ds- ,aVuh ns'k dks cpkus vkSj l'kDr cukus ls T;knk viuh bZekunkjh ij nkx u yxus nsus dh dksf'k'k djrs jgsA

18 pquko vkSj vk;ksx ds chp yksdra= 28 ?ksjs esa ^lqczr jk;* 30 vki dk iki 36 eksnh dke dc djrs gSa 38 rks bUgsa fdl ij gS ;dhu! 40 csgky LokLF; lsok,a

26

,uMhVhoh dk QthZokM+k ,uMhVhoh ds dkys dkjukeksa dk dPpk fpV~Bk Mhvkjih ds lkeus [kqy x;kA blus ljdkj ls rdjhcu 900 djksM+ #i, dh vk; dks Nqik;k FkkA

43 dc VwVsxk ukikd xBtksM+ 44 xkSjo'kkyh ijaijk dk :ikarj.k 46 ;wØsu ladV] iqfru dk jkSc 48 vkS?kM+ lH;rk dh okgd--50 ladV esa xzkeh.k f'k{kk

32

ifjorZu dh dgkuh lkfFk;ksa dh tqckuh iqjkuh ckr ugha gSA dqNd s lky igys rd vjfoan dstjhoky ^ifjorZu* uke dh xSj ljdkjh laLFkk ds uke ij dke djrs FksA bl laLFkk ls gh mudk ifjp; FkkA ij vc vjfoan esa gh ifjorZu gks x;k gSA

52 jktuhfr dk flusek 58 vkfej [kku % lathnk vfHkusrk 60 vki vkSj [kcfj;k pSuy

Lokeh] eqnd z ,oa izdk’kd johUnz fd’kksj flUgk }kjk bZ&1] bZLV vkWQ dSyk’k] ubZ fnYyh&110065 ls izdkf'kr vkSj dju fizVa lZ] ,Q29@2 vks[kyk baMfLVª;y ,fj;k] Qsl&2] ubZ fnYyh&110020 ls eqfnzrA laiknd&jkecgknqj jk;A


i=

iwoksZÙkj okfl;ksa dh lqj{kk ljdkj dh ftEesnkjh if=dk ds 1&15 ekpZ ds vad esa fy[kk fjiksVZ ^?kj esa gh csxkus* dkQh O;kid vkSj ljkguh; gSA bl fjiksVZ dks i<+us ij irk pyrk gS fd fnYyh esa iwokZÙs kj okfl;ksa ds izfr cgqr gh [kjkc crkZo gks jgk gSA ;g fjiksVZ 'kklu&iz'kklu ds joS, ij lVhd fVIi.kh djrh gSA ns'k dh jktËkkuh esa iwoksÙZ kj oklh ijk;s gksus dk nnZ >sy jgs gSAa vkadMs+ ls irk pyrk gS fd jktËkkuh esa iwokZÙkj ds izfr gj lky 50 izfr'kr dh nj ls ?kVuk,a c<+ jgh gSA ;g fuanuh; gS vkSj ,slhs ?kVukvksa dks jksdus ds fy, Hkkjr ljdkj dks etcwr bjknk fn[kkuk gksxkA vkuan f=osnh] dkuiqj] mÙkj izns'k

flusek ij csgrjhu tkudkjh

;Fkkor ds rktk vad esa eksgu lgk; dk vkys[k i<+kA mUgksua s laxhr funs'Z kd jfo ij cgqr gh mEnk vkys[k fy[kk gSA jfo fgUnh flusek ds mu laxhrdkjksa esa gSa ftUgksua s flusekbZ laxhr dks ubZ cqyfa n;ksa ij igqp a k;kA ijarq flus txr us mUgsa oks eku&lEeku ugha fn;k ftlds os gdnkj FksA eksgu lgk; flus dykdkjksa ls lacfa Ëkr mu tkudkfj;ksa dks vius ikBdksa ls lk>k djrs gS ftUgsa cgqr de yksxksa dks irk gSAa muds ys[k dk cslczh ls bartkj jgrk gSA

turk dh mis{kk djrs jk"Vªh; ny

laxhrk ;kno ubZ fnYyh

vkidh if=dk dk eSa fu;fer ikBd gwAa gjsd vad dks i<+kA fnYyh esa gq, foËkkulHkk pqukoksa ij izdkf'kr [kcjksa vkSj fo'ys"k.k dks Hkh i<+kA nksuksa jk"Vªh; ikfVZ;ksa us igys rks vke vkneh ikVhZ dks vfËkd egRo ugha fn;kA ysfdu tc ifj.kke vk;k rks O;kdqy fn[kus yxsA vjfoan dstjhoky dh ikVhZ dk thruk cgqr lq[kn jgkA ^vki* us u flQZ turk dh t:jrksa dks le>k] cfYd mudh leL;kvksa dks Hkh roTtks nhA dsna z dh dkaxl sz ljdkj Hkz"Vkpkj esa Mwch jgh vkSj egaxkbZ ds eqís dks gy djus esa ukdke jghA ftl dkj.k mls nwljs jkT;ksa esa Hkh gkj dk lkeuk djuk iM+kA jk"Vªh; ny turk dh mis{kk dj jgs gSAa turk ds eqnn~ s ij vxj ;gh joS;k jk"Vªh; ikfVZ;ksa dk jgk rks yksdlHkk pquko esa Hkh dqN vyx gh ifj.kke ns[kus dks feysxkA jksfcUl dqekj] fgylk] fcgkj

ifjHkkf"kr gks u, jkT; ds xBu dk vkËkkj

^vuk;kl* esa fy[kk ys[k ^loky&nj&loky* Hkkjr ds orZeku vkSj iwoZ ljdkjksa dks dV?kjs esa [kM+k djrk gSA D;ksfa d rsyx a kuk jkT; dk xBu dbZ lokyksa dks tUe nsrh gSA Hkkjr ljdkj ds ikl u, jkT; ds xBu dk vHkh rd dksbZ Li"V vkËkkj ugha gSA jkT;ksa ds foHkktu dk vkËkkj Hkk"kk rks igys ls gh isfpnk Fkk vkSj Hkfo"; esa Hkh jgsxkA ;g loky ckj&ckj mBsxk fd Hkkjr dks fdrus jkT;ksa dh t:jr gS vkSj D;ks\a iwtk dqekjh] ujsyk] fnYyh

vË;{k% johUnz fd’kksj flUgk laiknd% jkecgknqj jk; lykgdkj laiknd% eksgu lgk;] leUo; laiknd% latho dqekj] ,lksfl,V laiknd% czts’k dqekj >k] C;wjks izeq[k% ftrsUnz frokjh] izeq[k laoknnkrk% iznhi flag] milaiknd&lg laoknnkrk% ehrw dqekjh&ftrsUnz prqosZnh] fMtkbuj% fgrs'k dqekj] lgk;d% jfodkar dqekj] izlkj lykgdkj% vejsanz dqekj] ofj"B izlkj izcaËkd% vjfoan dqekj feJ ¼9555822274½] izlkj vfËkdkjh% eqds'k dqekj ikBd ¼9905052960½] tulaidZ vfËkdkjh% lanhi f}osnh] laikndh; dk;kZy;% bZ&1] bZLV vkWQ dSyk’k] ubZ fnYyh&110065 Qksu% 011&23236677] 23216487] bZesy% editor.yathavat@gmail.com


vuk;kl ¢

jkecgknqj jk;

Hkz"Vkpkj dks vUuk cktkjoknh O;oLFkk dh nsu ekurs gaAS blds fodYi esa mUgksu a s viuk QkWey Zw k j[kk gS] ftldk leFkZu flQZ eerk cuthZ us fd;kA ;gh otg gS fd vUuk gtkjs us pquko esa eerk cuthZ ds leFkZu dk QSlyk fd;k gSA ;gh mudk u;k vfHk;ku gSA

vUuk gtkjs u;k vfHk;ku NsMu+ s tk jgs gSAa og pqukoh gSA

ysfdu mlh rjg cqfu;knh gS tSls fd Hkz"Vkpkj dks jksdus ds fy, mUgksua s yksdiky ds xBu dh ekax j[kh FkhA vUuk gtkjs ftl jkLrs ij pys Fks mlls HkVds ugha gaAS muds lkFkh gksus dk nkok djus okys yksx t:j HkVd x, gSAa muesa vjfoan dstjhoky dh eaMyh Hkh gSA tks yksx vjfoan dstjhoky dks cnyko dh jktuhfr dk izrhd ekurs gSa mUgsa vUuk le>k,axs fd os okLro eas dkWjiksjVs jktuhfr ds ,d xqxZs ek= gSAa vUuk us ,d dlkSVh is'k dj nh gSA mlh ij os lksygoha yksdlHkk ds pquko dh jktuhfrd cgl dks tkapuk vkSj ij[kuk pkgrs gSAa blfy, ;g t:jh gks x;k gS fd ml dlkSVh dks le>sa vkSj mls cgl ds dsna z esa ys vk,aA ;g dke ehfM;k dk gSA og D;ksa bls egRo ugha ns jgh gS\ D;k bldk ifj.kke ;g gksxk fd vUUkk dk u;k vfHk;ku ne rksM+ nsxk\ ;g dguk dfBu gS] D;ksfa d igys Hkh ehfM;k dh mis{kk ds ckotwn ns'k us vUuk dks Hkqyk;k ughaA bl le; rks vUUkk gj O;fDr ds fny vkSj fnekx ij mlh rjg Nk, gq, gSa tSls fd ,d cM+h yM+kbZ thrus okys lsukifr dks yksx viuh Le`fr esa latks;s j[krs gSAa

xkaËkh dh lÙkk esa okilh ls dkWjiksjVs jktuhfr dh 'kq#vkr gksrh gSA ns'k ml jkLrs ij pydj fnokfy;k cu tkrk gSA vpkud ,d cnyko gksrk gSA mls mnkjhdj.k dk uke feykA og 1991 gSA bls gh yksx tkurs vkSj ekurs gS]a ij ;g vkèkk lp gSA vUuk dh utj esa dkaxl sz ] Hkktik vkSj vjfoan eaMyh ,d gh FkSys ds pV~V& s cV~Vs gSAa buesa cqfu;knh QdZ ugha gSA ;s bl cktkj O;oLFkk dks gh vius <ax ls ykxw djus ds fy, izfrc) gS]a D;ksfa d fopkj budk ,d gSA bl vFkZ esa ;s ,d gn rd bl O;oLFkk esa cus jgus ds fy, vfHk'kIr gSAa buesa izfrLièkkZ flQZ bl ij gS fd bl cktkj O;oLFkk dks dkSu vfËkd dkjxj rjhds ls ykxw dj ldsxkA vUuk gtkjs dk ekuuk gS fd Hkz"Vkpkj dk c<+rk cksyokyk bl cktkjoknh O;oLFkk dh lgt nsu gSA fodYi ds rkSj ij mUgksua s viuk QkWey Zw k j[kk gSA mldk leFkZu flQZ eerk cuthZ us fd;kA ftlds dkj.k vUuk

vUuk dk u;k vfHk;ku vUuk u pqi gSa vkSj u fuf"Ø;A viuh c<+h mez esa Hkh lfØ; vkSj ltx gSAa jktuhfr ds eeZ dks Li'kZ djus dh mudh {kerk csfglkc gSA ;gh vly esa xkaËkh dk jkLrk gSA lÙkk dh nkSM+ esa u iM+dj mls lqËkkjus ds fy, lrr iz;kl djrs jguk vUuk ds thou dk og ea= cu x;k gS ftls xkaËkh bl ns'k dks ns x, gSAa pquko ds nkSj esa xkaËkhtu yksder ds ifj"dkj dk iz;kl djrs gSAa D;k mldk dksbZ ifj.kke fudyrk gS\ blh dM+h esa vUuk gtkjs ds iz;kl dks ns[kuk gksxkA os tks vfHk;ku NsM+ jgs gSa og jktuhfr ds uD'ks dks cny ldrk gSA mlesa ;g laHkkouk gSA dqN yksxksa dks bl ij ,rjkt gS fd vUuk us dstjhoky dh rFkkdfFkr ikVhZ dk leFkZu D;ksa ugha fd;k\ bldh dkj.k ehekalk dks cgqr foLrkj ls ^pkSFkh nqfu;k* esa larks"k Hkkjrh; us fy[kk gSA mls i<+us dh t:jr gSA mldk lkj ;g gS fd vUuk gtkjs bl fu"d"kZ ij igqp a s gSa fd Hkz"Vkpkj dh leL;k ekStnw k dkWjiksjVs jktuhfr ds dkj.k gSA mUgksua s vius fu"d"kZ dks jktuhfrd nyksa ds ikl fHktok;kA flQZ eerk cuthZ us muls lgefr trkbZA ;gka rd fd vjfoan dstjhoky us rks vUuk ds i= dk mÙkj Hkh ugha fn;kA ;g tkuuk t:jh gS fd vUuk gtkjs dk fu"d"kZ D;k gS vkSj os D;k pkgrs gS\a vUuk gtkjs bl jkT; O;oLFkk dks cnyuk pkgrs gSAa os cktkjokn dh ewy tM+kas ij izgkj dj ,slh O;oLFkk dk;e djuk pkgrs gSa tks Hkkjr ds LoHkko ls esy [kkrk gks vkSj ftlesa gj ukxfjd dks lq[k vkSj 'kkafr dk vk'oklu gksA tks O;oLFkk vkt gS og 'kq: rks 1980 ls gqb]Z ysfdu rc ml ij inkZ iM+k gqvk FkkA bafnjk

gtkjs us QSlyk fd;k gS fd os eerk cuthZ ds mEehnokjksa dk leFkZu djsx a As ;gh mudk u;k vfHk;ku gSA mUgsa bl vfHk;ku ls fojr djus ds iz;kl Hkh gks jgs gSAa Hkktik vË;{k jktukFk flag us fiNys eghus muls ckr dhA ,slh gh dksf'k'k nwljs cM+s usrkvksa us Hkh dh gSA vUuk dk lhËkk lk tokc gSA eerk cuthZ mudh dlkSfV;ksa ij [kjh mrjh gSAa os lknk thou fcrkrh gSAa dkWjiksjVs jktuhfr ls nwj gSAa xjhcksa dh gennZ gSAa uhfr;ksa dks cnyuk pkgrh gSAa leL;kvksa dks jktuhfrd 'kks"k.k dk gfFk;kj ugha cuk jgh gSAa mudh bu fo'ks"krkvksa ij vUuk us viuk eu cuk;k gSA os eerk cuthZ dk leFkZu dj jgs gS]a r`.kewy dkaxl sz dk ughaA bl rjg os viuh iqjkuh ckr ij dk;e Hkh gSa fd os bZekunkj mEehnokjksa dk yksdlHkk pquko esa leFkZu djsx a As bldk vuqdy w vlj fn[kus yxk gSA tks yksx vUuk vfHk;ku esa mRlkg ls tqMs+ Fks vkSj vjfoan dstjhoky dh vksNh jktuhfr dks igpku pqds gSa os vc viuk #[k cny jgs gSAa blls yksdlHkk pquko ds jktuhfrd lehdj.k esa fdruk cnyko vk,xk\ ;g bl ij fuHkZj djrk gS fd vUuk vfHk;ku dks fdruk tuleFkZu izkIr gksrk gSA tks [kcjsa vk jgh gSa mlls ,d ckr lqfuf'pr fn[krh gSA og ;g fd vjfoan dstjhoky ls fujk'k lewg dks ,d u;k eap fey x;k gSA ¢ ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

3


loky

Fkksih xbZ leL;k,a çks- jkes'oj feJ ^iadt*

Lok/khu Hkkjr ds ikl os lHkh RkRo Fks] tks ,d Lok/khu ljdkj gksus ds fy, vko';d FkkA ysfdu vaxzst vius 'kklu&iz'kklu dh fof/k] dkuwu] ekU;rk,a] Hkk"kk vkfn ge ij Fkksi dj pys x,A ;gh Fkksih gqbZ phtsa Hkkjr dh ewy leL;kvksa dh tM+ gSA

;wjksi ds lHkh jk"Vª dqy 200 lky iqjkus

gSAa vHkh ds ;wjksih; jkT;ksa dk uke 500 lky igys vfLrRo esa ugha FkkA bruk gh ugha] ;wjksi uke dk dksbZ egk}hi ;k {ks= Hkh fo'o esa 18oha 'krkCnh rd ugha FkkA elyu ukSoha 'krkCnh esa vkt ds baXyS.M ;k ;qukbVsM fdaXMe dgs tk jgs {ks= esa vyx&vyx tux.k FksA budh igpku twV] ,axYl] lsDlu] fiDV] LdkV] dsYV vkfn gSA buesa ls gj ,d tux.k dh 10 ls 12 tkxhjsa FkhaA bl rjg baXyS.M dqy 80 ls vf/kd jkT;ksa esa caVk FkkA ftls vkt Ýkal dgk tkrk gS] og nks lkS lky igys rd x‚y dgykrk Fkk] mlesa ÝSd a ] fczVu] oaMky] lq,o vkfn jkT; FksA tcfd vkt ds teZuh dh igpku 'krkfCn;ksa rd cq#xqM a h ds :i esa FkhA cYxkj] foflxksFk] vkLVªkx s ksFk] xksFk] yEckMZ] Lyko] gw.k] loZ] oaMky] ck;ksojh] vokj] ex;kj vkfn ds uke ls 500 ls vf/kd jkT; ;wjksih; {ks= esa FksA Hk;kog taxy] igkM+] nyny] fge{ks= ds chp&chp esa ;s vkckfn;ka Fkha] ftuesa gj ,d esa fHkUu iaFk] fHkUu thou'kSyh] fo'okl] laLdkj FksA buds chp Hk;adj ekjdkV] ywV&ikV] fouk'k] vkilh Hk;] langs ] vfo'okl dk ekgkSy FkkA Åij ls vusd fgLlksa ij vÝhfd;ksa dk dCtk FkkA iqrx Z ky vkSj Lisu dk cM+k fgLlk 11oha ls 15oha 'krh rd vÝhfd;ksa ds dCts esa jgkA 1492 esa Lisu vÝhfd;ksa dh nklrk ls eqä gqvkA 13oha 'krh rd ts:'kye ij Hkh vÝhfd;ksa dk dCtk FkkA vÝhfd;ksa vkSj bZlkb;ksa ds chp ;q) 17oha 'krh rd pyrs jgsA ogha phu vkSj :l ij gw.kksa ,oa eaxksyksa dk dbZ lkS lkyksa rd 'kklu jgkA gw.k Hkkjrh; {kf=; gSAa gw.kksa ds dkj.k gh eaxksfy;k] :l lfgr lHkh çeq[k ;wjksih; bykdksa dh Hkk"kk,a laL—r ls fudyh gSAa eaxksfy;k ls gaxjh&cYxkfj;k rd QSys ?kkl ds fojkV eSnku esa v'okjksgh /kuq/kZj gw.k {kf=; ds ?kksMs+ 'krkfCn;ksa rd nkSMr+ s jgs gSAa foxr nks gtkj o"kksZa ds Kkr bfrgkl esa fo'o dk lcls cM+k lkezkT; gw.kksa dk FkkA mUgsa gh eaxksy Hkh dgrs gSAa

4

;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

11oha ls 18oha 'krh ds chp ;wjksih; bykds us Hk;adj ;kruk,a lghaA og ijkt;] loZuk'k] egkekfj;ka] vkilh ekjdkV o jDrjaftr dk nkSj FkkA ew[kZrkiw.kZ va/kfo'oklksa ls eqfä ds ckn cM+h eqf'dy ls 19oha 'krh esa ;s jk"Vª cusA rc Hkh] usiksfy;u vkSj fcLekdZ ds le; rks ;s jk"Vª ugha FksA dsoy vyx&vyx jkT; FksA 1806 bZLoh rd rks ;g {ks= ^gksyh jkseu lkezkT;* ds v/khu FkkA bldk ^;wjksi* uke Fkk gh ughaA tgka rd baXySM a dh ckr gS] rks og Hkh Hkkjr ds dqN fgLlksa dh ywV ds ckn 1815 bZLoh esa igyh ckj ,d jk"Vª cuus dh fn'kk esa c<+kA rc Hkh 1912 bZLoh esa igyh ckj ogka vk/kqfud jk"Vª cuk ekuk tk,xk] tc igyh ckj fL=;ksa dks Hkh euq"; ekuk x;kA mUgsa Hkh oksV dk gd fn;k x;kA Hkkjr esa rks ew[kksZa ds >qM a 1757 bZLoh ls gh ns'k dks fczVus ds v/khu çpkfjr djrs gS]a ftuij ns'kæksg dk eqdnek pykdj dBksj naM fn;k tkuk t:jh gSA 1757 bZLoh esa rks fczVus uked jk"Vª dk vfLrRo gh ugha FkkA 1912 esa gh igyh ckj vaxt sz ksa ds çHkko okys Hkkjr dh jkt/kkuh dksydkrk ls fnYyh tkbZ xbZA rc Hkh çFke fo'o;q) esa baXySM a ds ikl dksbZ laxfBr lsuk ugha FkhA dqy Ms<+ yk[k vYi f'kf{kr lSfud Fks] ftUgsa teZuh ds 40 yk[k lSfud elydj j[k nsr]s ;fn fczfV'k Hkkjrh; {ks=ksa dh 25 yk[k dh lsuk rFkk Hkkjrh; jktkvksas dh yxHkx 10 yk[k dh lsuk çFke fo'o;q) esa baXySM a dh lgk;rk ds fy, ugha igqp a rhA baXySM a esa rkcM+rksM+ QkSth HkrhZ gqbZ vkSj gj gês&dês fn[k jgs toku rFkk v/ksM+ dks QkSt esa tcju HkrhZ fd;k x;k] ftlls fd çFke fo'o;q) esa u, HkrhZ fd, x, 10 yk[k vaxt sz toku ekjs x,A blls baXySM a esa gkgkdkj ep x;kA egaxkbZ] O;fHkpkj] os';ko`fÙk] daxkyh] cVekjh] ywVikV ls baXySM a =Lr gks mBkA mldh {kfriwfrZ Hkkjr dh ywV ;kuh lalk/kuksa ds ,d&rjQk gLrkarj.k ls dh xbZA fQj Hkh og laHkyrk] rc rd nwljk fo'o;q) flj ij FkkA bl ;q) esa 55 yk[k Hkkjrh; lSfud baXySM a ds i{k esa teZuh ls yM+us x,] ftuesa ls 20 yk[k dks vyx&vyx ekspksZa ij teZuh ykdj NksMk+ x;kA ;s


lHkh yksx Lok/khu Hkkjrh; lsuk esa HkrhZ gks x,] ftlds lsukifr usrkth lqHkk"kpUæ cksl FksA usrkth lqHkk"kpUæ cksl us teZuh vkSj tkiku esa ,d= Hkkjrh; lSfudksa ,oa Hkkjrh; ;qodksa dks feykdj ,d 'kfä'kkyh lsuk xfBr dhA varr% 2 tqykbZ]1943 dks flaxkiqj esa Lok/khu Hkkjr ljdkj dh ?kks"k.kk dj nh xbZA bl Lok/khu Hkkjr ljdkj dk ?kksf"kr y{; Fkk fd Hkkjr dh ifo= Hkwfe ls l'kL= fczfV'k fxjksgksa vkSj muds leFkZdksa dks fudky ckgj fd;k tk,A yxHkx vk/ks Hkkjr esa Ny&cy ls lÙkk jktuhfr ds lapkyu esa 1858 ds ckn fdlh rjg dkfct fczfV'k fxjksgksa dks usrkth lqHkk"kpUæ cksl us dHkh Hkh Hkkjr dk 'kkld ugha ekukA rF;r% os Hkkjr ds 'kkld Fks Hkh ughaA D;ksfa d lai.w kZ fo'o esa fdlh jk"Vª ds 'kkld gksus ds tks lkoZHkkSe vk/kkj ekU; gS]a muesa ls ,d Hkh vk/kkj ij fczfV'k Hkkjr ds 'kkld ugha BgjrsA os vtuch vkSj ckgjh vkrrkf;;ksa dk >qM a gh Bgjrs gSAa varjjk"Vªh; U;k;ky; vkSj varjjk"Vªh; dkuwu ds vuqlkj Hkh os yksx dHkh Hkh Hkkjr ds 'kkld ugha ekus tk ldrsA mudk gLr{ksi ,d vkijkf/kd gLr{ksi FkkA mlds fy, varjjk"Vªh; U;k;ky; esa Bhd ls eqdnek nk;j gks rks fczfV'k jkT; dks Hkkjr dks vjcksa ikSM a {kfriwfrZ ds :i esa nsus iM+x as As Lok/khu Hkkjr ljdkj ds ikl os lHkh rRo Fks] tks ,d Lok/khu ljdkj ds gksus ds fy, vko';d gSAa mldk viuk ,d jktfpUg Fkk] tks Nykax yxkrs gq, flag dk FkkA ;g 'krkfCn;ksa ls vusd Hkkjrh; 'kkldksa dk jktfpUg jgk gSA blds lkFk gh mldk viuk jk"Vª/ot Fkk] tks pj[kk lfgr frjaxk gh FkkA mlds }kjk vius jk"Vªh; {ks= dk ekufp= Hkh çlkfjr gqvk Fkk] ftlesa mlds v/khuLFk {ks= vkSj os {ks= ftu ij Lok/khu Hkkjr ljdkj dk nkok gS] fn[kk;k x;k FkkA vaMeku fudksckj esa bldk viuk Lok/khu 'kklu FkkA buesa ls vaMeku dks 'kghn }hi vkSj fudksckj dks Lojkt }hi uke fn;k x;k FkkA bl ljdkj ds }kjk vius flDds Hkh <kys vkSj pyk, x, FksA mldh viuh ,d ukxfjd lafgrk FkhA ,d fof/kor U;k;ky; xfBr fd;k x;k FkkA vusd ns'kksa us mls ekU;rk ns j[kh FkhA lksfo;r la?k us usrkth lqHkk"kpUæ cksl dks gh Lok/khu Hkkjr ljdkj ds ç/kkuea=h dh ekU;rk ns nh FkhA uoacj 1943 esa VksD;ks esa gq, ,f'k;k lEesyu esa Lok/khu Hkkjr ljdkj ds çfrfuf/k 'kkfey gq, FksA Lok/khu Hkkjr ljdkj us fczfV'k vkSj la;ä q jkT; vesfjdk ds fo:) ;q) dh ?kks"k.kk dj nhA bafM;u us'kuy vkehZ dh 'kfä yxkrkj c<+rh xbZA tc Lok/khu Hkkjrh; lsuk dksfgek ls vkxs c<+h rks pfpZy us :tosYV ls xqgkj yxkbZ fd enn djks] ugha rks feV tk,axAs rc vesfjdh vkSj fczfV'k foekuksa us Hkkjh ceckjh dhA la;ksxo'k rHkh Hkkjh ckfj'k Hkh gks xbZA rc r; gqvk fd usrkth ds ok;q lSfud iSjk'kwV ls mrjdj txg&txg vaxt sz lSfudksa ij geyk djsx a As [kcj yxus ij fczVus ds xqIrpjksa us Hkkjrh; jktkvksa vkSj lSfud vf/kdkfj;ksa dks VVksykA lHkh us dgk fd ge usrkth ds fo:) vkidh lgk;rk ugha dj ldrsA ;g 1857 ugha gS] 1943 bZLoh gSA xka/khth us Hkh euk dj fn;kA rc usg: us ?kks"k.kk dh fd eSa ryokj ysdj usrkth ls yM+us dksfgek tkÅaxkA

;wjksi ds orZeku dks gh Hkkjr dk Hkfo"; ekuk tk jgk gS] tcfd ;wjksi vius Hkfo"; dk fparu Lo;a dj jgs gSaA ,slh ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa gesa viuh xyfr;ka lq/kkjuh gksaxhA

vaxt sz ksa us r; fd;k fd vc ;gka jguk [krjukd gSA fdlh vuqdy w lewg dks lÙkk lkSia dj pyk tk,A rc usg: dks fcuk dkaxl sz lfefr;ksa ds leFkZu ds dkaxl sz v/;{k cukdj lÙkk dk gLrkarj.k fd;k x;kA mlesa usg: us dbZ vuqfpr 'krsZa eku yhaA buesa ls dqN rks bl çdkj gSa & usrkth lqHkk"kpUæ cksl dks Lora= Hkkjr dh ljdkj Hkh ;q)canh ekusxhA usrkth ds feyrs gh mUgsa ;q) canh ds :i esa baXySM a dks lkSia nsxhA nwljh 'krZ Fkh fd Hkkjr esa bZlkbZ fe'kufj;ksa dks /kekarZ j.k dh iwjh lqfo/kk gksxh] tcfd vk;Z lekt vkfn dks 'kqf)dj.k dh dksbZ Hkh lqfo/kk ugha nh tk,xhA rhljh 'krZ ;g Fkh fd fczfV'k egkjkuh vkSipkfjd rkSj ij Hkkjr dh egkjkuh cuh jgsx a h rFkk Hkkjr fczfV'k d‚euosYFk dk lnL; cuk jgsxkA ogha vaxt sz ksa }kjk igyh ckj 1858 bZLoh ds ckn yxHkx vk/ks Hkkjr esa ykns x, ,aXykslDs lu dkuwuksa dks tkjh j[kk tk,xk vkSj mudks 'ks"k lEiw.kZ Hkkjr esa Hkh yknk tk,xk rFkk bls la?kh; ljdkj ds fgr esa vko';d crk;k tk,xkA ,aXykslDs lu f'k{kk ijaijk tkjh jgsxhA fczfV'k ukSdj'kkgh vkSj iqfyl <kapk cjdjkj jgsxkA U;kf;d fu.kZ;ksa esa fczfV'k vnkyrksa ds QSlys felky ds :i esa m)`r fd, tkrs jgsx a As blds lkFk&lkFk usg: us vaxt sz ksa ds ncko ij igyh ckj Hkkjrh; jkT; dk ,d Li"V caVokjk Lohdkj fd;kA blls bfrgkl esa igyh ckj Hkkjr dh lhek,a lokZf/kd fldqMh+ Aa ,slh dbZ vU; 'krsZa Lohdkj dj yh xbZAa ;gh otg Fkh fd orZeku Hkkjrh; yksdra= fo'o esa lcls vyx :i esa jpk x;kA ;g fo'o dh vU; ns'kksa dh yksdrkaf=d O;oLFkkvksa ls furkar fHkUu gSAa ;g fn[kkbZ ns jgk gS fd ;wjksi ds orZeku dks gh Hkkjr dk Hkfo"; ekuk tk jgk gS] tcfd ;wjksi vius Hkfo"; dk fparu Lo;a dj jgs gSAa ,slh ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa gesa viuh xyfr;ka lq/kkjuh gksx a hA xM+cfM+;ksa dks Bhd djuk gksxkA Hkkjrh; lekt esa cqf) vkSj cy gSA bldk lnqi;ksx dj ,d Lons'kh 'kklu LFkkfir gks ldsxkA ¢ ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

5


16oha yksdlHkk ds pquko dk yksdrkaf=d mRlo izkjaHk gks x;k gSA ns'k dsanz esa jktuhfrd xBcaèku ds nkSj ls fudyuk pkgrk gSA bl vFkZ esa ;g vke pquko etcwr izèkkuea=h ds fy, mith jk"Vªh; vkdka{kk ls vksrizksr gSA

jkecgknqj jk;

u;s lius dk egklej

pqukoh egklej dh ?kks"k.kk dj nh xbZ gSA ;g yksdlHkk dk lksygoka pquko gSA ftldh

'kq#vkr 1952 esa gqbZ FkhA ikSjkf.kd vFkksaZ esa ns[ksa rks ;g pqukoh egkHkkjr gksxkA lkaLÑfrd lanHkZ esa bls yksdrkaf=d mRlo ekuuk pkfg,A bldk oLrqr% lacËa k jktuhfr ls gSA ftlesa ukxfjd ;g QSlyk djrk gS fd mls dSlh ljdkj pkfg,A ukxfjd gh gekjh jktuhfrd O;oLFkk esa laiHz kq gSA ;kuh losl Z okZ gS] ekfyd gSA ogh vius ,d oksV ls tks QSlyk lqukrk gS mls ge tukns'k ekurs gSAa bl 2014 ds pquko dh vusd fo'ks"krk,a gSAa dgha ij ;g igys vke pquko ls feyrh&tqyrh gSa rks dgha ij bldh rqyuk fiNys pquko ls dh tk ldrh gSA igyk vke pquko 6 eghus yM+k x;k FkkA dgus dk vFkZ ;g fd rc ikfVZ;ka] usrk vkSj mEehnokj 6 eghus pquko esa O;Lr jgsA bl n`f"Vdks.k ls ;g pquko mlh tSlk gSA de ls de 6 eghus igys gh bl pquko dh ljxehZ 'kq: gks xbZ FkhA bldk ,d gh izek.k dkQh gSA flracj 2013 esa Hkktik us ujsUnz eksnh dks izËkkuea=h in ds vius mEehnokj ds :i esa ?kksf"kr dj fn;k FkkA ftl fnu ;g ?kks"k.kk gqbZ mlh fnu ls bl pquko dh 'kq#vkr ekuuh pkfg,A og rkjh[k gS& 13 flracj 2013A

6

;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014


blds ckn vVdysa rst gks xbZ fd dkaxl sz jkgqy xkaËkh dks izfr}a}h ds crkSj ?kksf"kr djsxhA izËkkuea=h in ds fy, os dkaxl sz ds mEehnokj cuk, tk,axAs ,slk ugha gqvkA blds dkj.kksa dk fo'ys"k.k ;gka izklafxd ugha gSA bruk dguk dkQh gS fd dkaxl sz viuh nqfoËkk ls fudy ugha ikbZA oSls rks tks gj fygkt ls Li"V gS og ;gh gS fd jkgqy xkaËkh gh mEehnokj gSAa mudh ?kks"k.kk u djus dk flQZ ,d fjokth cgkuk <w<a k x;k gSA blls dkaxl sz viuh igyh yM+kbZ gkjrh fn[k jgh gSA pquko iwoZ losZ bldh iqf"V dj jgs gSAa mu losZ ij Hkjkslk djsa ;k uk djs]a ;g vyx ckr gSA ysfdu ujsUnz eksnh dh lHkkvksa esa tSlh vikj HkhM+ ns'k ds gj dksus esa vk jgh gS og ;g crkus ds fy, dkQh gS fd yksxksa dk bjknk D;k gSA

;gha ij ;g pquko ,d ek;us esa 2009 tSlk cu x;k gSA dSl\s ;g tkuuk jkspd gSA blds fy, 5 lky igys dh jktuhfr vkSj mlds eq[; ik=ksa ds jax&<ax dks ;kn djuk gksxkA ml le; eueksgu flag ,sls izËkkuea=h Fks ftu ij dksbZ nkx ugha FkkA mudh lkQ&lqFkjh Nfo FkhA turk mUgsa jktuhfrd usrk ¼tks vDlj ,d xkyh ds rkSj ns[kk tk jgk gSA½ ugha] cfYd ,d fo}ku vFkZ'kkL=h le>rh FkhA jktuhfrd usrkvksa esa mUgsa bZekunkj ekuk tkrk FkkA os vkKkdkjh rks Fks ij muds nwljs xq.k mUgsa Åaps ik;nku ij [kM+k dj nsus esa enn djrs FksA ,sls eueksgu flag rc dkaxl sz dh etcwr cSlk[kh cu x, FksA ,d rRo vkSj mudh 'kku esa pkj pkan yxk jgk FkkA yksxksa dks yxrk Fkk fd ;g vjktuhfrd izk.kh xgjs vFkksaZ esa xaHkhj jktuhfrd gS] jktuhfr dk cgq:fi;k ugha gSA usg: [kkunku ls ckgj dk gksuk muds O;fDrRo dh 'kksHkk vkSj vkHkk dks dbZ xquk c<+k nsrk FkkA nwljh rjQ Hkktik ds usrk ykyd`".k vkMok.kh Fks] tks jktx ds izËkkuea=h in ds mEehnokj FksA ykyd`".k vkMok.kh dks Hkktik us mEehnokj cuk fn;k Fkk] ysfdu os Lohdk;Z ugha FksA os tksM& + rksM+ ls mEehnokj cus FksA mudh Nfo oSpkfjd :i ls fookfnr gks xbZ FkhA lgh ek;us esa mUgsa Hkktik us lgu fd;k] ;gh cgqr cM+h ckr FkhA ugha rks os oSpkfjd fo'okl?kkr ds nks"kh FksA vxj os dE;qfuLV ikVhZ esa jgs gksrs rks mUgsa ckgj dk jkLrk fn[kk fn;k x;k gksrkA os ftUuk dks lsD;qyj crkdj jk"Vªokn ds lkFk oSpkfjd fo'okl?kkr djus ds fooknh nyny esa xgjs Qal x, FksA v;ksË;k vkanksyu dk ;g egkjFkh viuh yksdfiz;rk muds chp [kks pqdk Fkk tks dHkh mUgsa elhgk ekurs FksA bu dfe;ksa dks mUgksua s cM+s vkØked rsoj ls <adus dh pqukoh j.kuhfr viukbZA eueksgu flag dks ^detksj izËkkuea=h* crk;kA ;g ckr yksxksa ds xys ugha mrjhA og j.kuhfr dke ugha vkbZA bldk cM+k dkj.k Lo;a ykyd`".k vkMok.kh dh x`gea=h ds :i esa detksj Nfo Fkh] tcfd mUgsa ^ykSg iq#"k* crkdj efgekeafMr fd;k tkrk FkkA oktis;h 'kklu ds x`gea=h vkSj miizËkkuea=h jgs ykyd`".k vkMok.kh tc Hkktik esa gh dksbZ mRlkg iSnk ugha dj ik, rks turk dgka ls leFkZu esa vkxs vkrhA ifj.kke ;g gqvk fd 2009 esa Hkktik 116 lhVsa gh thr ikbZ vkSj muds usrR` o esa jktx dks 158 lhVsa gh fey ikbZA ml pquko esa lksfu;k dh ek;k py xbZA ns'k us ftls lp ekuk og okLro esa Fkk gh ughaA blh vFkZ esa ;g pquko iangz oha yksdlHkk ds pquko vfHk;ku ls feyrk&tqyrk gSA tks gkyr rc Hkktik dh Fkh mlls Hkh cnrj gkyr bl pquko esa dkaxl sz dh gSA dkaxl sz ,d xBcaËku dk usrR` o dj jgh gSA og fc[kj x;k gSA Hkktik rc ftl xBcaËku dk usrR` o dj jgh Fkh og Hkh VwVrk&fc[kjrk pyk x;k FkkA ;wih, ls mldh nks cM+h lg;ksxh ikfVZ;ka igys gh fudy pqdh gSAa rhljh ikVhZ fudyus ds bjkns esa gSA og ih, laxek dh gSA ftl vkaËkz izn's k ls dkaxl sz dks 42 esa ls 33 lhVsa feyh Fkha] mlesa og ,d&,d lhV ds fy, dVksjs ysdj ?kwe jgh gSA ;wih, xBcaËku dh gkyr blfy, [kLrk vkSj [kjkc gS D;ksfa d vktknh ds ckn fdlh ljdkj ij ?kksVkys vkSj egk?kksVkys ds brus vkjksi ugha yxs] ftrus bl ij yxs gSAa Lo;a izËkkuea=h eueksgu flag dh dybZ [kqy xbZ gSA os u dsoy detksj izËkkuea=h lkfcr gq, gS]a cfYd Hkkjr ljdkj ds vfLrRo ij muds dkj.k iw.kZxgz .k lk yx x;k gSA rHkh rks 'ks[kj xqIr Hkh ;g fy[kus ds fy, foo'k gSa fd ^fiNys ikap o"kZ ls ;wih, ljdkj vkfFkZd cngkyh ds fy, vkykspuk dh f'kdkj gS vkSj blesa dqN xyr Hkh ugha gS] ysfdu yksxksa dk Ë;ku ml uqdlku dh vksj ugha x;k gS tks mlus ns'k ds vkarfjd vkSj oká lqj{kk <kaps dks detksj cukdj fd;k gSA* os vius rkts dkWye esa ;g Hkh fy[krs gSa fd ^;wih, dks blfy, Hkh dB?kjs esa [kM+k fd;k tk,xk fd mlus izËkkuea=h] muds in vkSj dSfcusV flLVe dh lk[k vkSj vfèkdkj dks ?kVkus dk dke fd;k] ysfdu mlus vkarfjd vkSj oká lqj{kk usrR` o dks tks xaHkhj uqdlku igqp a k;k gS mlds Hkkjh nq"ifj.kkeksa dh vuns[kh ugha dh tk ldrh gSA gekjs dSfcusV flLVe esa lcls egRoiw.kZ vkSj 'kfDr'kkyh ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

7


okns gSa oknksa D;k

;wih, us tks okns fd, Fks os cM+s FksA muesa ls dksbZ Hkh iwjk ugha gqvkA o"kZ 2009 esa lÙkk laHkkyus ds lkFk gh ljdkj us dj iz.kkyh] foÙkh; <kapk] lfClMh ckaVus tSls eqíksa ij ns'k dh rLohj cnyus dk oknk fd;k FkkA ftls og iwjk ugha dj ikbZA mls Hkwy gh xbZA mldh ckrsa gh ckrsa jghA

Hkz"Vkpkj fujksËkd foËks;d

nl tuiFk ds b'kkjs ij gM+cM+h esa vkSj fn[kkos ds fy, Hkz"Vkpkj ij jksdFkke ls tqMs+ ekeyksa dks vè;kns'k ds crkSj ykus ds iz;kl fd, x,A jk"Vªifr iz.kc eq[kthZ us mls eatjw h nsus ls badkj dj fn;kA vc vxyh ljdkj dks Hkz"Vkpkj ls tqMs+ bu foËks;dksa ¼U;kf;d tokcnsgh fcy 2010] le; ij lsok,a ikus vkSj mudh lquokbZ dk vfËkdkj foËks;d] fons'kh vkSj xSj ljdkjh varjjk"Vªh; laLFkkuksa esa fj'or fujksËkh fcy] Hkz"Vkpkj fujksËkh fcy ^la'kksfËkr*½ ij QSlyk djuk gksxkA

vËkwjs dkeksa dh QsgfjLr         

Hkz"Vkpkj fujksËkd dkuwuksa esa la'kksËku th,lVh o izR;{k dj dkuwu dks ykxw djuk lhËks xzkgdksa ds gkFkksa esa lfClMh nsuk vkËkkj ;kstuk foÙkh; <kaps esa lqËkkj dkys Ëku ds f[kykQ yM+kbZ oksMkQksu o uksfd;k dj fookn chek] eSU;wQDS pfjax esa ,QMhvkbZ ukjk gh jgk dj O;oLFkk esa lqËkkj

dc ykxw gksxk th,lVh

;wih,&,d ds le; gh foÙk ea=h ih- fpnacje us ns'k dh dj O;oLFkk esa vkewypwy cnyko dk oknk fd;kA nl o"kksaZ ckn Hkh ;g vHkh rd ukjk gh cuk gqvk gSA izR;{k dj dkuwu dks cnyus ds fy, xfBr lfefr dh flQkfj'kksa dks ljdkj us iwjk cny fn;k] fQj Hkh mls ykxw ugha fd;k tk ldkA vc QSlyk vxyh ljdkj djsxhA vizR;{k djksa esa ,sls gh cnyko ds fy, oLrq o lsok dj ¼th,lVh½ dkuwu ykus dh rS;kjh gqb]Z ysfdu Hkktik ds lkFk lgefr cukus esa ljdkj vlQy jghA ikFkZlkjFkh lkse lfefr dh flQkfj'kksa ij Hkh vxyh ljdkj dks gh QSlyk djuk gksxkA

dkys Ëku ij yM+kbZ dc gksxh iwjh

;wih, dh nwljh ikjh esa dkyk Ëku ,d vge jktuhfrd eqík cukA ljdkj us bl ij jksd yxkus ds fy, fn[kkos ds dbZ dne mBk,] ysfdu mUgsa vatke rd igqp a k ugha ikbZA ;g dke Hkh vxyh ljdkj dks djuk gksxkA

8

;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

fudk; lqj{kk lacËa kh dSfcusV desVh ;kuh lhlh,l dks ekuk tkrk gSA blesa izËkkuea=h ds vykok x`g] j{kk] foÙk vkSj fons'k ea=h ds :i esa dSfcusV ds lcls 'kfDr'kkyh ea=h 'kkfey gksrs ga]S ysfdu ;wih, us bls egRoghu cukdj j[k fn;kA* os bldk tokc ugha nsrs fd vkf[kj ;g fdlus fd;k\ lalnh; iz.kkyh esa izËkkuea=h dk gh ;g dke gSA tkfgj gS tc izËkkuea=h ^dkB dk ?kksMk+ * gks rks QSlys dgha vkSj fy, tkrs jgs gSAa og 10 tuiFk gSA ;g ,d irk gS vkSj dkSu ugha tkurk fd ogka jgrk dkSu gS\ lkQ gS fd lksfu;k xkèkh vkSj jkgqy xkaËkh us QSlys fy, vkSj ykxw djk,A ;wih, ls yksxksa dh tks xgjh ukjktxh gS mls <adus ds fy, u, dkuwu vkSj vË;kns'kksa dk mlh rjg lgkjk fy;k x;k gS tSls Mwcrs dks fruds dk gksrk gSA jktho xkaËkh us ;g rjdhc viukbZ Fkh vkSj og dke ugha vkbZA bl ckj lksfu;k xkaèkh us mudh udy dh gS vkSj mls jkgqy xkaËkh us FkksMk+ rjk'kk gSA ysfdu D;k dgax s s tc buds gj dne mYVs iM+ jgs gSAa yksdiky dkuwu cu x;kA og Hkh tSls rSlAs Hkktik us lg;ksx u fn;k gksrk rks og dkuwu cuus ls jg tkrkA ij yksdiky laLFkk dk xBu 'kk;n gh ;wih, ljdkj djk ldsA dkj.k lkQ gSA ;wih, dh lk[k vkSj Ëkkd cph ugha gSA blhfy, igys Qyh ujheu us yksdiky [kkst lfefr dk vË;{k cuus ls budkj dj fn;kA vxj os gka dj nsrs rks ljdkj dks FkksMh+ jkgr feyrh vkSj yksdiky ds p;u esa fo'oluh;rk dk iqV vk tkrkA oSlk ugha gqvkA muds ckn U;k;ewfrZ ds-Vh- FkkWel us Hkh mUgha vkËkkjksa ij [kkst lfefr esa tkus ls euk dj fn;kA bl ljdkj ds vËkwjs dkeksa dh yach lwph cu ldrh gSA ;g pquko gok ds ,d rkts >ksd a s tSlk gSA bls lgh lanHkZ esa ;g ;kn dj le>k tk ldrk gS fd ;qok ds ckjs esa ikap lky igys D;k Ëkkj.kk FkhA ;gh u fd ;qok jktuhfr ls nwj gks jgk gSA mldk eksgHkax gks jgk gSA mldh mEehns]a mldh vis{kk,a] lksp] egRokdka{kk,a vkSj fpark,a dqN vyx gSAa os fdl rjg vyx gS\a bls jktuhfrd nyksa us le>us ds xaHkhj iz;kl ugha fd,A ;g Ëkkj.kk cuk yh xbZ fd ;qok vkRedsfa nzr gks x;k gSA bl nkSj us ;g Ëkkj.kk cny nh gSA ;qok vaxM+kbZ ysdj [kM+k gks x;k gSA bl pquko esa ogh ;qok gj vkBoka ernkrk gSA tks yksx ernkrkvksa dks viuk ^ernkl* cukrs jgs gS]a os gSjku gSa vkSj ns[k jgs gSa fd muds ikao dh tehu f[kld jgh gSA ml tehu ij ubZ vkdka{kk,a mx vkbZ gSAa ;g loky gh [kkl gks x;k gS fd dkSu&lk usrk vkSj mlds xBcaËku ls ;qok tqMx s+ k\ bl ij izcy nkosnkjh ujsUnz eksnh us dh gSA muls tqMk+ o Hkh Li"V fn[k jgk gSA dqN eghus igys dkSu ekurk Fkk fd ujsUnz eksnh ds usrR` o esa jktx dk foLrkj gks ldrk gSA rc yksx ;g dgrs Fks vkSj mlds y{k.k Hkh crk, tkrs Fks fd ujsUnz eksnh dks izËkkuea=h in dk nkosnkj eku ysus ij Hkktik dks T;knk lhVsa feyus dh laHkkouk rks c<+x s h ij jktx fleV tk,xkA bls tn¼;w½ us tYnhckth esa dj fn[kk;kA 16 lky iqjkuk xBcaËku VwV x;kA mu fnuksa Hkktik esa os usrk [kqn dks lgh Bgjkus yxs tks ujsUnz eksnh ds usrR` o dks ekuus esa vM+pu eglwl dj jgs FksA bu dqN eghuksa esa lc dqN cny x;k gSA ujsUnz eksnh dh jSfy;ksa us gok dk :[k cny fn;k gSA Hkktik dk tukËkkj c<+k gSA ikVhZ esa ubZ mtkZ dk lapkj gqvk gSA mlls mRlkg vkSj jktuhfrd LQwfrZ vkbZ gSA dqN yksxkas us fglkc yxk;k gS fd vc rd ujsUnz eksnh us ns'k ds gj dksus esa jSyh dj yh gSA mldh la[;k 100 ds ikj igqp a xbZ gSA ujsUnz eksnh us bu jSfy;ksa ds fy, djhc 50 gtkj fdyksehVj dh ;k=k dj yh gSA


cgh eksnh c;kj Hkktik ls tqM+s usrk jko baæthr flag & dkaxl sz ds iwoZ lkaln ¼xqMx + kao½ Mh- iqjkuns'ojh & iwoZ ea=h ¼;wih,½ txnfEcdk iky &dkaxl sz ds iwoZ lkaln oh-ds flag & iwoZ lsukè;{k mfnr jkt & nfyr usrk

pqukoh c;kj cny xbZ gSA ns'k esa etcwr çèkkuea=h dh vkdka{kk us lkjh ckrksa dks ihNs NksM+ fn;k gSAa ;gh otg gS fd ujsæa eksnh ds uke ij jktx ls fcnd dj fudys jkefoykl ikloku fQj mlesa 'kkfey gks x, gSAa vkjtsMh ds jked`iky ;kno] ykyw ;kno ds yk[k eku&equkSoy ds ckn Hkh vkjtsMh NksMu+ s dks vkrqj gSAa ;g ckr fdlh ls fNih ugha gS fd og vkjtsMh ls ukjkt gksus ds ckn ls gh Hkktik ds laidZ esa cus gq, gSAa bl ckj rfeyukMq esa Hkh gok dk :[k cnyk gqvk gSA Mh,eMhds ikVhZ ds eqf[k;k fot;dkar ls lhVksa dk caVokjk yxHkx gks pqdk gSA mldh ?kks"k.kk gksuh gSA dekso's k ;gh fLFkfr ih,eds usrk ,l- jkenkl ds lkFk Hkh gSA vxj rfeyukMq esa bu nksuksa ds lkFk Hkktik dk xBcaèku gks tkrk gS rks ,eMh,eds ikVhZ ds usrk okbdks dks feykdj ;g ,d etcwr xBca/ku gks tk,xkA ;g dkQh cM+h jktuhfrd miyfCèk gksxhA blls rfeyukMq esa nzed q vkSj vUuk nzed q ds opZLo dks tcjnLr VDdj feysxhA u;s xBca/ku dks jkT; esa vPNh&[kklh lhVsa fey ldrh gSAa rfeyukMq dh gh rjg lhekaèkz esa Hkh rsyxw ns'ke ikVhZ ds pUæckcw uk;Mw ls ckrphr py jgh gSA mM+hlk esa Hkktik rhu NksV& s NksVs nyksa ds laidZ esa gSA ogha mÙkj çns'k esa lhVksa dk xf.kr cSBkus ds fy, nks tkfr vkèkkfjr nyksa ls xBtksM+ djus dk ç;kl tkjh gSA vle x.k ifj"kn Hkh Hkktik ls gkFk feykus dh bPNqd gSA ysfdu vle dh Hkktik bdkbZ dks fgpd gS] gkykafd r:.k xxksbZ ds fdys esa lsèa k yxkus dk QkeZy w k Hkktik us fudky fy;k gSA vle x.k ifj"kn ds nks cMs+ usrk pUæeksgu iVokjh vkSj fgrsu xksLokeh Hkktik esa 'kkfey dj fy, x, gaAS xksj[kk tueqfä ekspkZ Hkh Hkktik dks leFkZu ns jgk gSA

u;k xBcaèku  jkefoykl

ikloku ds usrR` o okyh yksdtu'kfDr ikVÊA ;g fcgkj esa lkr lhVksa ij pquko yM+x s hA  jkenkl vBkoys ds usrR` o okyh fjifCydu ikVÊ v‚Q bafM;kA  ,eMh,eds ize[q k okbdksA  'ksrdjh laxBu ds usrk vkSj lkaln jktw 'ksVV~ h jktx ls tqM+ x, gSAa budk dksYgkiqj&lrkjk {ks= esa dkQh çHkko gSA  xksj[kk tueqfDr ekspkZ us Hkktik dks leZFku nsus dk fu.kZ; fy;k gSA

laHkkouk

 vkjtsMh

usrk jked`iky ;kno ls ikVyhiq= lhV ds fy, ckrphrA  rsyxw ns'ke ikVhZ ds usrk pUæckcw uk;Mw ls lhekaèkz ds fy, fopkj&foe'kZA  vle x.k ifj"kn usrk çQqYy egar ls ckrphr tkjhA  Mh,eMhds usrk fot;kdkar ds lkFk le>kSrk yxHkx r;A  ih,eds usrk ,l- jkenkl ls ckrphr tkjh gSA  mMhlk esa vEek mM+hlk ikVÊ] lerk Økafr ny vkSj mRdy Hkkjr ls okrkZ py jgh gSA  Hkktik mÙkj çns'k esa viuk ny ¼dqeÊ oksV½ vkSj egkuny ¼dq'kokgk oksV½ ls le>kSrs dk iz;kl dj jgh gSA ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

9


blls ,d okrkoj.k cuk gSA eksnhRo dk ukjk xwt a jgk gSA cnys okrkoj.k ds vkËkkj ij dgk tk ldrk gS fd Hkktik ds nks usrk lgh lkfcr gq, gSAa tks vMaxcs kth dj jgs Fks mUgsa oDr us xyr Bgjk fn;k gSA ;g crkuk t:jh gS fd os nks usrk dkSu gS\a v#.k tsVyh vkSj fufru xMdjhA budh igy ls Hkktik us tks jkLrk pquk og lgh FkkA ml jkLrs ij dne c<+kdj Hkktik etcwr gqbZ gSA ;gh og lw= gS ftls izèkkuea=h inkdka{kh Hkktik usrk le> ugha ik jgs FksA mUgsa ikVhZ eas v:.k tsVyh vkSj fufru xMdjh us le>k;kA tuer us viuk ncko cuk;kA mlh dk ifj.kke bl :i esa vk;k gS fd jktx dk ogka foLrkj gks jgk gS tgka fdlh us lkspk Hkh ugha FkkA jkefoykl ikloku dh ykstik vkSj misUnz dq'kokgk dh jk"Vªh; yksd lerk ikVhZ vc jktx esa 'kkfey gks xbZ gSA fcgkj dh jktuhfr us u;h djoV ys yh gSA ;g Hkkoh ifjorZu dh vkgV gSA blls jktx ds izfr}af};ksa esa LokHkkfod rkSj ij ?kcjkgV gSA v:.k tsVyh ds dgs dks ,d izek.k ekuk tk jgk gSA mUgksua s dkQh igys dgk fd ^etcwr Hkktik gh jktx dk foLrkj dj ldrk gSA* jkefoykl ikloku vkSj misUnz dq'kokgk ds usrR` o dh ikfVZ;ksa ds jktx esa vkus dks rjg&rjg ls ns[kk&fn[kk;k tk jgk gSA dksbZ bls cnys lkekftd lehdj.k dh utj ls ns[k jgk gS rks dqN yksx vyx vFkZ Hkh fudky jgs gSAa ysfdu ckr dsoy fcgkj rd lhfer ugha gSA ujsUnz eksnh dh gok nf{k.k esa Hkh gSA rfeyukMq esa Hkktik dk laxBu gS] ij tukËkkj ugha gSA bl ckj fot;dkar ds usrR` o dh Mh,eMhds ikVhZ us tks xBcaËku dk gkFk c<+k;k gS mlesa Hkktik Hkh 'kkfey gSA rfeyukMq dh jktuhfr esa ;g u;k Ëkekdk gSA tks xBcaèku ogka mHkj jgk gS mlesa jkenkl dh ih,eds vkSj okbdks dh ,eMh,eds 'kkfey gSAa ;g ,slk xBcaËku gS ftls rfeyukMq dk etcwr rhljk ekspkZ dk tk ldrk gSA blls ogka nks ckrsa gqbZ gaAS nzed q usrk ,e- d#.kkfufËk us ujsUnz eksnh ds fy, viuh ckgsa QSyk nh gSA nwljh ckr ;g gqbZ gS fd t;yfyrk us okeiaFkh nyksa ls ukrk rksMu+ s dk bjknk cuk fy;k gS vkSj eerk cuthZ ls laokn djus yxh gSAa dsjy] vkaËkz izn's k vkSj dukZVd dh jktuhfr esa Hkh iqjkus lehdj.k cny jgs gSAa dukZVd esa Hkktik caV xbZ FkhA og ,d gks xbZ gSA vkaËkz izn's k esa rsyx a kuk dh jktuhfr us tks Hkwpky iSnk fd;k gS mlesa dkaxl sz ds iSj m[kM+ x, gSAa u, lehdj.k cuus ds vklkj gSAa [kcj gS fd rsyxq ns'ke ikVhZ ds laLFkkid ,uVh jkekjko dh csVh Hkktik esa 'kkfey gksus dh vksj vxzlj gks jgh gSA nwljh rjQ ds- pan'z ks[kj jko us viuh ikVhZ rsyx a kuk jk"Vª lfefr dk dkaxl sz esa foy; u djus dk eu cuk fy;k gSA tkfgj gS fd os vius njokts vkSj f[kM+fd;ka [kksy s s j[kuk pkgrs gSAa bu xBcaËkuksa ls Hkktik dh jktuhfr ij nksgjk vlj gqvk gSA bldh vkykspuk Hkh gks jgh gS vkSj Lokxr HkhA tks vkykspuk dj jgs gS]a mudk rdZ gS fd xBcaËku ls ns'k dks eqDr djkus ds fy, ujsUnz eksnh us jk"Vªh; jktuhfr esa dne j[kk FkkA mldk Lokxr gqvk FkkA fQj D;ksa os xBcaËku ds jkLrs ij py iM+s gSAa blls vusd loky mBk, tk jgs gSAa ysfdu tks Lokxr dj jgs gSa os lgh gSa ;k xyr] ;g rks oDr crk,xk] ij mudk rdZ de otunkj ugha gSA ns'k dh fofoËkrk vkSj cgqyrk dk os okLrk nsdj xBcaËku dks t:jh ekurs gSAa buls ijs tkdj lkspus ds fy, dbZ ckrs gSAa ftls bl le; ;kn ugha fd;k tk jgk gSA fiNys pquko esa dkaxl sz dks 206 lhVsa feyh FkhA mlls ,d jktuhfrd lan's k fudyk fd ns'k xBcaËku ds nkSj ls fudyuk pkgrk gSA jktuhfrd vfLFkjrk ls eqfDr dh mls pkgr ekuk x;kA eueksgu flag ds usrR` o esa dsna z dh ljdkj us tc viuh nwljh ikjh 'kq: dh rks mlds ,tsM a s esa tks ckrsa Fkh os gh vc bl pquko esa eqís ds rkSj ij yksxksa ds fny fnekx esa NkbZ gqbZ gSA og gS& fodkl] lq'kklu ¼egaxkbZ vkSj Hkz"Vkpkj ij vad'q k½] jktuhfrd fLFkjrk vkSj etcwr izèkkuea=hA bl vFkZ esa ;g vke pquko etcwr izèkkuea=h ds fy, mith jk"Vªh; vkdka{kk ls vksr&izkrs gSA ¢

10

;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

Qk;ns dh jktuhfr

ds- pan'z ks[kj jko ds usrR` o dks gh rsyx a kuk cuokus dk Js; tkrk gSA blds fy, mUgksua s rsjg lky yM+kbZ yM+hA mudh jktuhfr rsyxw ns'ke ls 1983 esa 'kq# gqbZ FkhA rsyx a kuk ds fy, la?k"kZ dh 'kq#vkr mUgksua s 2001 esa dhA 2009 ls mUgksua s viuk la?k"kZ rst fd;kA mlls igys ;wih, dh ljdkj ls bLrhQk fn;kA 2009 esa rsyxw ns'ke ikVhZ vkSj okenyksa ls le>kSrk dj pquko yM+As muds gh fujarj la?k"kZ dk ifj.kke Fkk fd dkaxl sz dk;Z lfefr us 30 tqykbZ] 2013 dks rsyx a kuk dh ekax eku yhA dkaxl sz dk ;g QSlyk jktuhfrd Qk;ns ds fy, FkkA

;wih, esa ?kksVkysckt ea=h  Vwth

LisDVªe ?kksVkys esa ,- jktk vkSj n;kfufèk ekju dks bLrhQk nsuk iM+kA ,- jktk tsy Hkh x,A  dks;yk ?kksVkys esa lqcksËkdkar lgk; dk bLrhQkA  lhchvkbZ tkap dks izHkkfor djus ds vkjksi esa dkuwu ea=h vf'ouh dqekj dks bLrhQk nsuk iM+kA  eqd's k vackuh dh ukjktxh ij t;iky jsMM ~ h dk foHkkx cnyk x;kA  fj'or dkaM esa jsy ea=h iou caly dk bLrhQkA  x`gea=h lq'khy f'kans vkSj nwljs ea=h 'kf'k Fk:j Hkh fooknksa esa my>rs jgsA

fldqM+rk ;wih,

iangz oha yksdlHkk esa nks xBcaËku jk"Vªh; Lrj ij Fks] ;wih, vkSj jktxA ;wih, esa 11 ny FksA jktx esa 8 ny FksA buds vykok rhljk ekspkZ Fkk] ftlesa 9 ikfVZ;ka FkhA ,d pkSFkk ekspkZ Hkh Fkk] ftlesa lektoknh ikVhZ dqN vkSj ikfVZ;ka Hkh FkhaA iangz oha yksdlHkk esa funZfy;ksa ds vykok 37 ikfVZ;ksa dk izfrfufËkRo FkkA lksygoha yksdlHkk ds pquko esa T;knkrj rks iqjkuh ikfVZ;ka gh gS] ysfdu xBcaËkuksa dk psgjk vHkh lkQ ugha gSA bruk gh dgk tk ldrk gS fd ;wih, fldqMr+ k tk jgk gSA 11 ikfVZ;ksa us ,d ekspkZ cukus dk QSlyk fd;k gSA mldk usrR` o lhih,e dj jgh gSA ftldk la[;k cy yxkrkj de gks jgk gSA eerk cuthZ] uohu iVuk;d vkSj t;yfyrk dh ikfVZ;ka fdlh xBcaËku esa ugha gSA lkQ gS fd pquko ds ckn ;s viuk :[k lkQ djax s hA fnYyh foèkkulHkk ds pquko ls ,d ubZ ikVhZ lkeus vkbZ gSA og vjfoan dstjhoky dh vke vkneh ikVhZ ¼vkvkik½ gSA


fcgkj

bl igj eksnh ygj fcgkj dh rklhj vyx gSA mls tkudj gh dksbZ fcgkj dh jktuhfr dks le> ldrk gSA gkykafd] blesa dksbZ foy{k.krk ugha cph gSA jktuhfr esa tks fxjkoV vkbZ gS] og ;gka Hkh gSA ysfdu pquko ds le; çns'k dh turk vn~Hkqr le> dk ifjp; nsrh vkbZ gSA bl ckj Hkh mls viuk QSlyk nsuk gSA turk ds lkeus csgrj fodYi ds rkSj ij [kqn dks is'k djus ds fy, jktusrk ikyk cny jgs gSaA ,sls esa ernkrk dk eu fdl djoV ys jgk gS] mldh fnypLi ppkZ ;gka gSA

lqjsaæ fd'kksj

vksfifu;u iksy dks ysdj viuh&viuh jk; gSA

fQj Hkh bu iafDr;ksa dks fy[krs le; rd tks urhts vk, gS]a mlds vuqlkj Hkh fcgkj dh nks&frgkbZ lhVsa Hkktik vkSj mlds lg;ksxh nyksa dks feysx a hA gkykafd] vksfifu;u iksy ds urhtksa dh okLrfodrk dks ysdj vDlj fookn gksrs jgrs gSAa mlds urhts ftl ny ds f[kykQ tkrs gS]a os mls çk;ksftr Bgjkdj larks"k dj ysuk pkgrk gSA bl rjg os vius leFkZdksa dks Hkh grksRlkfgr gksus ls cpkuk pkgrs gSAa LokHkkfod gh gSA ,slk djus dk mUgsa iwjk gd gSA ij] 1980 vkSj mlds ckn ds vfËkdrj vksfifu;u iksy ds urhtksa vkSj ckn esa vk, okLrfod urhtksa ij utj Mkyus ls ;g yxrk gS fd vfËkdrj ekeyksa esa mlds vuqeku eksVs rkSj ij lgh lkfcr gksrs jgs gSAa dqN ekeyksa esa t:j xyr lkfcr gq, gSAa FkksMs+ ls ekeys ,sls Hkh gks ldrs gS]a ftuds rgr vksfifu;u iksy ds tfj, turk dks Hkjekus dh dksf'k'k dh xbZ gksA ij ,slk >wB] ml >wB ls dkQh NksVk gh gksrk gS tks vusd jktuhfrd ny o usrkx.k pquko ls igys ernkrkvksa ls cksyk djrs gSAa lhVksa dh la[;k ds ckjs esa rks vksfifu;u iksy ds urhts okLrfod pquko urhtksa ls vke rkSj ij ugha feyrs] ij fdl ny dks fdl jkT; esa c<+r fey jgh gS] bl ekeys esa vksfifu;u iksy ds urhts vke rkSj ij lgh gksrs gSAa vioknksa dh ckr vkSj gSA ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

11


vkxkeh yksdlHkk pquko dks ysdj fcgkj ds ernkrkvksa ds #[k ds ckjs esa tks vuqeku lkeus vk jgs gS]a os vke yksxksa dh cksypky ds lkFk Hkh esy [kkrs gSAa vkt fcgkj ds fdlh cSBd&[kkus esa ;k pkSd&pkSjkgs ij pquko dh ckr NsM+ nhft,] rks ogka mifLFkr vfËkdrj yksx ujsaæ eksnh ds i{k esa cksyrs fn[krs gSaA uhrh'k dqekj vkSj ykyw çlkn ds dqN leFkZd Hkh yksdlHkk pquko esa ujsaæ eksnh dks oksV nsaxsA ,slk ladsr os nsrs gSaA gkykafd fcgkj foËkkulHkk pquko esa os Hkktik dks 'kk;n oksV ugha nsaA os fQj uhrh'k o ykyw dh vksj pys tk,axs] D;ksafd eqís ml le; vyx gks ldrs gSaA fcgkj dh fLFkfr Hkh dqN fHkUu jgh gSA njvly] fcgkj esa Hkktik dh tks okLrfod jktuhfrd rkdr vkSj ijaijkxr lkekftd vkËkkj jgs gS]a muds vuqikr esa dkQh vfËkd leFkZu ujsæa eksnh ds i{k esa vkt utj vk jgk gSA vkt Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ dh ppkZ de] ujsæa eksnh dh vfËkd gks jgh gSA vHkh rks ernku ds igys rd yksxksa ds #>ku esa dqN vkSj ifjorZu vk ldrs gSAa ij bl ckr ij fopkj djuk ekStaw gksxk fd vkf[kj ujsæa eksnh dh gok fcgkj tSls jkT; esa Hkh D;ksa vkSj dSls cu xbZ gS\ fcgkj rks dE;qfuLV vkSj lektoknh vkanksyu okyk jkT; gSA ;gka eaMy vkanksyu us dqN gh n'kd igys dkQh çHkko Mkyk Fkk vkSj ykyw çlkn dks jktuhfrd egkcyh cuk fn;k FkkA ij dqN dkj.ko'k ykyw çlkn dh jktuhfrd 'kSyh dk iru gqvkA tn;w&Hkktik us uhrh'k dqekj ds usrR` o esa fcgkj esa 2005 esa lÙkk laHkkyhA jktuhfrd çs{kdksa ds vuqlkj ftu dkj.kksa ls ykyw çlkn dk iru gqvk] yxHkx mUgha dkj.kksa ls jk"Vªh; Lrj ij eueksgu flag ds usr`Ro esa dkaxzslh lÙkk dk iru gksus tk jgk gSA ;kuh lkaçnkf;drk dk gkSok [kM+k djks] ,drjQk ËkeZfujis{krk dk jkx vykiks] oa'kokn o tkfrokn pykvks vkSj ljdkj dks fodkl o lsok dh txg Hkz"Vkpkj vkSj ?kksVkyksa dh e'khujh esa ifj.kr dj nksA vkt dqN jkT;ksa dks viokn ekusa rks yxHkx iwjs ns'k dh vfËkdrj turk ujsaæ eksnh ds i{k esa mlh rjg çfrfØ;k O;Dr dj jgh gS] ftl rjg fcgkj dh vfËkdrj turk us 2005 esa uhrh'k dqekj ;kuh jktx ¼jk"Vªh; turkaf=d xBcaËku½ ds i{k esa O;Dr dh FkhA pwafd vke rkSj ij yksdlHkk pquko ds le; fcgkj dh vfËkdrj turk jk"Vªh; Hkkouk ds lkFk gh jgrh gS] blfy, bl ckj Hkh og ujsaæ eksnh ds i{k esa fn[kkbZ iM+ jgh gSA jk"Vªh; –'; dks le>us ds fy, fcgkj ds gkfy;k n'kdksa ds jktuhfrd bfrgkl ij ,d utj Mky ysuk ekStaw gksxkA eaMy vkanksyu dh i`"BHkwfe esa 1991 dk yksdlHkk pquko gqvk FkkA bl vkanksyu ds dkj.k ykyw çlkn fiNM+kas ds lcls cM+s usrk cu pqds FksA eaMy vkj{k.k ds fojksËk esa fgalk o xkyh&xykSt ij mrjs lo.kksZa dks eqga rksM+ tokc nsus ds dkj.k fiNM+kas us mUgsa viuk elhgk eku fy;k FkkA urhtru muds ny us 1991 esa fcgkj esa yksdlHkk dh vfËkdrj lhVsa thr yhaA muds fudV ds lw= crkrs gSa fd bl Hkkjh thr ds ckn rRdkyhu eq[;ea=h ykyw çlkn us vius fy, ,d jktuhfrd ^jksM eSi* rS;kj fd;kA mUgksua s tkrh; vkSj lkaçnkf;d oksV cSd a dks etcwr djuk 'kq: dj fn;kA os [kqyv s ke dgrs Fks fd gekjk ^,e okbZ* ;kuh eqfLye&;kno lehdj.k gSA mudk ukjk Fkk fd fodkl ls ugha] cfYd tkrh; lehdj.k ls oksV feyrs gSAa mudk ekuuk Fkk fd ljdkj dh rjQ ls vHkh fodkl djus ij mldk vfËkd ykHk lo.kksZa dks gh fey tk,xk tks gekjs fojksËkh gSAa urhtru os vusd ernku dsæa ksa ij gekjs ny ds lkeus etcwr lkfcr gksx a As blfy, vHkh vYila[;dksa dh j{kk djuh gSA ËkeZfujis{krk dk tksj&'kksj ls ukjk yxkuk gSA nfyrksa ds fy, ^bafnjk vkokl* ds iSls ls vkokl cuok nsuk gSA fiNM+kas ds ncax rcds dks ;su&dsu çdkjs.k Ëkuoku cuok nsuk gS] D;ksfa d lo.kZ Hkh ;su&dsu çdkjs.k gh Ëkuoku cus gSAa tc ncax Ëkuoku gks tk,axs vkSj mlds ckn ljdkjh fodkl dk dke 'kq: gksxk rks fodkl dk le:i ykHk lo.kksZa vkSj ncax tkfr;ksa dks feysxkA

12

;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

bl ^jksM eSi* dks ykxw djus ds flyflys esa fcgkj esa ^taxy jkt* LFkkfir gks x;k] D;ksfa d ljdkjh 'kg ij dksbZ rcdk tk;t&uktk;t dekbZ ds dke esa yx tk,xk rks vjktdrk gh rks QSyx s h! ogh gqvkA ml Hkkjh vjktdrk vkSj Hkz"Vkpkj ds chp bafnjk vkokl ;kstuk Hkh nfyrksa dks ykHk ugha igqp a k ldhA ij] pwfa d ykyw çlkn ds fojksËk dh eq[; 'kfDr vfoHkkftr fcgkj esa Hkktik Fkh] blfy, dE;qfuLV vkSj dkaxl sz h ËkeZfujis{krk ds uke ij ykyw çlkn ds i{k esa vk [kM+s gq,A bu yksxksa us u rks ykyw çlkn&jkcM+h ljdkj ds Hkz"Vkpkj dk fojksËk fd;k vkSj u gh vjktdrk dkA u rks os oa'kokn dk fojksËk dj ldsA u gh tkfrokn dkA ;kn jgs fd ykyw çlkn dk 1990 dk lkekftd U;k; ckn esa ?ku?kksj tkfrokn esa ifj.kr gks pqdk FkkA dE;qfuLV vkSj dkaxl sz h ;g dgk djrs Fks fd os Hkktik tSlh lkaçnkf;d 'kfä dks lÙkk eas vkus ls jksdus ds fy, ykyw çlkn dk lkFk ns jgs gSAa ij os Hkktik dks lÙkk esa vkus ls ugha jksd ldsA D;ksfa d] ftu eqíksa ij os ny tksj ns jgs Fks] mlls vfËkd egRoiw.kZ eqís turk ds tsgu esa dkSËa k jgs FksA o"kZ 2000 ds fcgkj foËkkulHkk pquko ds ckn rks dkaxzsl jkcM+h ljdkj esa 'kkfey gksdj taxy jkt pykus esa lk>hnkj cu xbZA ^taxy jkt* 'kCn iVuk gkbZ dksVZ dk gSA mlus rks ,d ckj dgk Fkk fd ^taxy jkt* dk Hkh ,d dk;nk gksrk gS] ij fcgkj esa rks og Hkh ugha gSA urhtru le; ds lkFk ykyw çlkn ls xSj ;kno fiNM+s Hkh vyx gksus yxsA dkaxzsl vkSj dE;qfuLV ykyw ds Ëk`rjk"Vª vkfyaxu ds f'kdkj gksdj le; ds lkFk cyghu gks x,A bl chp Hkktik&tn;w xBcaËku etcwr gksus yxk] D;ksfa d vke yksxksa ds chp ds vfËkdka'k yksxksa dks udyh vkSj ,drjQk ËkeZfujis{krk o vËkwjs lkekftd U;k; okyh ykyw çlkn dh ckr ugha iphA fcgkj esa ËkeZfujis{krk [krjs esa ugha Fkh] cfYd ekfQ;k jkt o vigj.k ds dkj.k vke yksxksa ds tku&eky [krjs esa FksA yksxksa esa fodkl vkSj jkstxkj dh Hkw[k FkhA ykyw çlkn us 1990 esa fiNM+kas dks lhuk rkudj pyuk t:j fl[kk;k] ij lhus ds uhps tks isV gS] mls Hkjus dk çcaËk ugha fd;kA ykyw ds jkt esa xyr rjhds ls dqN [kkl yksx t:j jkrks& a jkr vehj cu jgs FksA urhtru ykyw çlkn dk ny jktuhfrd rkSj ij vçklafxd gksrk pyk x;kA [kqn mUgsa pkjk ?kksVkys esa fupyh vnkyr us ltk ns nh gSA vc ukScr ;g gS fd ;fn vxys yksdlHkk pquko esa ykyw çlkn dh ikVhZ dqN vPNk ugha dj ldh rks mudh cph&[kqph ikVhZ Hkh fc[kj ldrh gSA jk"Vªh; turk ny ¼jktn½ dh lg;ksxh ikVhZ Hkh Hkz"Vkpkj ds vkjksiksa ds cks> ds lkFk pquko eSnku esa mrj jgh gSA dsæa esa O;kIr yxHkx ,slh gh jktuhfrd vkSj ç'kklfud ifjfLFkfr esa ujsæa eksnh dk jk"Vªh; ifj–'; ij mn; gqvk gSA vkt ujsaæ eksnh dks fey jgk tu leFkZu Hkktik dh okLrfod rkdr ls dkQh vfËkd gSA ftl rjg fcgkj esa jktn] dkaxl sz vkSj dE;qfuLVksa ds


fcgkj 2009 ds yksdlHkk pquko esa çeq[k nyksa dks çkIr erksa dk çfr'kr

detksj gksus ds ihNs [kqn mudh viuh xyr j.kuhfr;ka Fkha] mlh rjg jk"Vªh; Lrj ij dkaxl sz ds nqcys gksus ds fy, [kqn lksfu;k xkaËkh] jkgqy xkaËkh vkSj eueksgu flag ds xyr deZ] j.kuhfr o dk;Zuhfr ftEesokj jgs gSAa ujsæa eksnh ds mn; ds fy, eueksgu ljdkj o dkaxl sz ds lg;ksxh ny vfËkd ftEesnkj ekus tk jgs gSAa os le>rs jgs gSa fd os dqN Hkh xyr djds cp ldrs gSAa ;kn jgs fd dsæa ljdkj esa ?kksVkyksa dh ck<+ lh vkbZ gqbZ gSA ?kksVkyksa ds f[kykQ rHkh dkjZokbZ gksrh gS] tc vnkyr ,slk djus ds fy, dsæa ljdkj dks etcwj djrh gSA ;s lHkh ckrsa fcgkj ds tkx:d yksxksa dks le>us esa rfud nsj ugha gksrhA fcgkj dh tkx:d turk Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ dbZ ckj vkanksyu pyk pqdh gSA vkt [kqn dsæa ljdkj ftl rjg ujsæa eksnh ds mn; ds fy, ijks{k :i ls ftEesnkj gS] Bhd mlh rjg fcgkj esa tn;w&Hkktik ds mn; ds fy, ykyw çlkn] dkaxl sz vkSj dE;qfuLVksa dh xyr j.kuhfr;ka ftEesnkj FkhaA fdlh us Bhd gh dgk gS fd ujsæa eksnh ds lcls cM+s tulaidZ inkfËkdkjh rks [kqn eueksgu flag gSAa çËkkuea=h ç'kklfud o lqj{kk lacËa kh foQyrkvksa ds çrhd cu pqds gSAa ;kuh 2005 dk fcgkj jk"Vªh; Lrj ij nqgjk;k tk jgk gSA bl chp xqtjkr ds vius yacs dk;Zdky esa dqN dfe;ksa ds ckotwn ujsæa eksnh ,d fu.kkZ;d vkSj ifj.kke nsus okys usrk ds :i esa mHkjs gSAa 2005 esa lÙkk esa vkus ds ckn tc fcgkj esa eq[;ea=h uhrh'k dqekj ,d ifj.kke nsus okys fu.kkZ;d usrk ds :i esa mHkjs rks] 2009 ds yksdlHkk pquko vkSj 2010 ds fcgkj foËkkulHkk pquko esa mUgsa vHkwriwoZ pqukoh thr feyhA ;g thr jktx ls vfËkd uhrh'k dqekj dh FkhA 2010 ds foËkkulHkk pquko esa Hkktik ds dbZ mEehnokjksa us uhrh'k dqekj dks ;g lans'k fHktok;k Fkk fd ;fn vki esjs pquko {ks= esa çpkj ugha dhft,xk] rks ge pquko gkj tk,axsA ;g ckr vkSj gS fd vc uhrh'k dqekj Hkktik ls vyx gks pqds gSaA vkSj vxys foËkkulHkk pquko esa mudh yksdfç;rk dk ijh{k.k ¼VsLV½ gksuk gSA fcgkj esa Hkh fofHkUu laxBuksa dh vksj ls ckjh&ckjh ls vksfifu;u iksy djk, tk jgs gSAa mlds urhts ,d rjQ ujsæa eksnh dks yksdlHkk pquko esa c<+r fn[kk jgs gS]a rks ogha ;g Hkh dg jgs gSa fd jkT; dh vfËkdrj turk uhrh'k dqekj dks ilan djrh gSA ,slk uhrh'k dqekj ds lq'kklu o fodkl ds dkeksa ds dkj.k gks jgk gSA mldk ykHk mUgsa fcgkj foËkkulHkk ds vxys pquko esa fey

ldrk gSA ij vHkh rks yksdlHkk pquko ds eqÙkfyd fcgkj esa Hkh ujsæa eksnh dh ckjh gSA jke foykl ikloku vkSj misaæ dq'kokgk ds jktx esa tqM+us ls igys Hkh Hkktik dks fcgkj esa c<+r fey jgh FkhA vc rks jktx dh fcgkj esa fLFkfr vkSj Hkh etcwr yxrh gSA uhrh'k dqekj dks Hkh ;g yxus yxk gS fd ;fn yksdlHkk pquko esa tn;w dks fcgkj esa de lhVsa feyha rks mudh jkT; ljdkj le; ls igys gh fxj ldrh gSA gkykafd bl ckjs esa jktuhfrd çs{kdksa dh jk; caVh gqbZ gSA vksfifu;u iksy ds urhtksa ij Hkjkslk djsa rks eq[;ea=h in ds fy, uhrh'k dqekj vc Hkh fcgkj ds 67 çfr'kr yksxksa dh igyh ilan gSAa uhrh'k dqekj us dgk gS fd eSa çËkkuea=h in dk mEehnokj rks ugha gw]a ij tks yksx mEehnokj gS]a muls esjk vuqHko vfËkd gSA ,slk dg dj mUgksua s vius leFkZdksa esa ;g mEehn txkbZ gS fd os Hkh çËkkuea=h cu ldrs gSAa dksbZ usrk ;fn cM+s in dk çR;{k ;k ijks{k :i ls mEehnokj curk gS rks pquko esa muds jkT; ds muds leFkZd dqN vfËkd gh mRlkfgr gks tkrs gSAa yxrk gS fd vius leFkZdksa o 'kqHkfpardksa dks mRlkfgr dj uhrh'k dqekj fcgkj esa bl yksdlHkk pquko esa Hkh csgrj ifj.kke pkgrs gSAa ;g ijks{k :i ls ujsæa eksnh dh fcgkj esa Hkh c<+rh yksdfç;rk dk lcwr gSA nwljh vksj jktn tSls Bksl ny ls pquko iwoZ foæksg ls Hkh ;g yxrk gS fd jktn ds vusd usrkvksa dks Hkh bl ikVhZ ds pqukoh Hkfo"; dks ysdj dksbZ [kkl fuf'parrk ugha gSA fcgkj esa vke vkneh ikVhZ dks ysdj fNViqV ljkguk ds Hkko t:j gS]a ij pqukoh lQyrk yk;d u rks gok gSA u gh laxBuA ;fn ^vki* dksbZ lhV >Vds esa fudky ys rks mls peRdkj gh ekuk tk,xkA gka] ujsæa eksnh dh ljdkj ;fn dsæa esa cu xbZ rks mldh detksfj;ksa vkSj foQyrkvksa dk ykHk mBkdj vke vkneh ikVhZ fcgkj esa Hkh etcwr cu ldrh gSA Hkktik [kkldj jktx dh dqN detksfj;ka rks vHkh ls utj vkus yxh gSAa jke foykl iklkou ls Hkys Hkktik dks rkdr feysxh] ij muds lkFk ftl rjg ds fooknkLin yksx jktx esa 'kkfey gksdj mEehnokj cu jgs gS]a mUgsa laHkkyuk ckn esa Hkktik ds fy, eqf'dy gks ldrk gSA oSls yksxksa ds lkFk cnukfe;ka tqMh+ gqbZ gSAa ikloku ds oa'kokn dk cks> Hkh jktx [kkldj Hkktik dks mBkuk iM+x s kA ikloku ds dkj.k usg: ifjokj ds oa'kokn ij pksV djuk Hkktik ds fy, fcgkj esa eqf'dy gksxkA ns[kuk gS fd Hkktik o [kkldj ujsæa eksnh ,slh leL;kvksa ls dSls fuiVrs gSAa ;g dgus ls dke ugha pysxk fd Hkktik rks xaxk gS] ftlls fey tkus ij xans ukys Hkh ifo= gks tkrs gSAa ;fn turk dsæa dh Hkz"V dkaxl sz ljdkj dks vinLFk djuk pkgrh gS rks og Hkktik ls csgrj 'kklu dh Hkh mEehn djsxhA ;fn mls dsæa esa lÙkk fey xbZ vkSj ,slk ugha gqvk rks vke vkneh ikVhZ dks ns'k esa c<+r ¢ fey ldrh gSA ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

13


NÙkhlx<+

fe'ku 11 esa tqVs jeu lksenÙk 'kkL=h

NÙkhlx<+ esa yxkrkj rhljh ckj ljdkj cukus esa dke;kc jgs MkW- jeu flag Þfe'ku 11ß esa tqVs gSaA ekgkSy Hkh Hkktik ds i{k esa gSA ysfdu lwcs esa vkik lfgr dbZ vU; nyksa dh Hkh mifLFkfr fn[kus yxh gSA

14

;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

NÙkhlx<+

ds xBu ds le; ls gh Hkktik 'kkunkj thr gkfly djds dkaxl sz dks djkjh ekr nsrh jgh gSA blds ckotwn yxkrkj curs u;s lehdj.kksa ds eísutj eq[;ea=h MkW- jeu flag ds fy, ;g pquko igys dh rjg vklku utj ugha vkrk gSA [kkl rkSj ij blfy, Hkh fd vVy fcgkjh oktis;h dh lxh Hkrhth d:.kk 'kqDyk dkaxl sz esa 'kkfey gksdj Hkktik vkSj ujsæa eksnh ij geyk cksy jgh gSAa nwljh rjQ Nx LokfHkeku eap Hkh dej dldj eSnku esa mrj vk;k gSA dstjhoky dh uoksfnr ikVhZ vke vkneh ikVhZ Hkh jkT; esa viuh mifLFkfr ntZ djk jgh gSA iqfyl çrkM+uk dh f'kdkj cLrj dh lksuh lks<h+ vkSj fcykliqj ds vkuan feJk dks ikVhZ ls tksMd + j vkik us Hkktik ds fy, ijs'kkuh [kM+h dj nh gSA gkykafd eq[;ea=h jeu flag dk nkok gS fd yksdlHkk pquko esa Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ jkT; dh lHkh 11 yksdlHkk lhVksa ij thr gkfly djsxhA fiNys pquko esa 11 esa ls Hkktik us 10 ij dCtk fd;k FkkA ,dek= dksjck yksdlHkk lhV ls dkaxl sz mEehnokj M‚- pj.knkl egar pquko thrus esa dke;kc gq, FksA Hkktik lkaln cfyjke d';i ds fu/ku ds ckn cLrj yksdlHkk lhV [kkyh gks xbZ FkhA bl lhV ds mipquko esa Hkktik us Lo- d';i ds iq= fnus'k d';i dks fVdV fn;k vkSj dkaxl sz us fo/kk;d doklh y[kek dks eSnku esa mrkjkA y[kek dks 88]884 oksVksa ls gkj dk lkeuk djuk iM+kA fcykliqj yksdlHkk ls Hkktik lkaln fnyhi flag twnos vkSj ljxqtk yksdlHkk ls Hkktik lkaln eqjkjh yky flag ds fu/ku ds ckn ls nksuksa lhVsa [kkyh gSAa ;gka mipquko Hkh ugha gq,A pquko esa NÙkhlx<+ esa eq[; eqdkcyk lÙkkèkkjh Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ vkSj eq[; foi{kh ny dkaxl sz ds e/; gh gSA yksdlHkk pquko dks ysdj Hkktik dh vksj ls la?k ds vf/kdkjh Hkh ekgkSy ij utj j[k jgs gSAa dk;ZdrkZvksa ds chp tkdj vlarks"k dh Fkkg ysus dh dksf'k'k dj jgs gSAa lw=ksa dh ekusa rks bl ckj Åij ls rks Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ pquko yM+ jgh gS ysfdu vly esa bldh deku la?k ds gkFkksa esa gSA m/kj dkaxl sz rhu tehuh usrkvks& a Vh,l flagnso] pj.knkl egar vkSj vthr tksxh dks fVdV nsdj rhu lhVsa thrus dh mEehn dj ldrh gSA chtsih de ls de lkr lhVksa ij u, psgjksa dks ekSdk ns ldrh gSA fo/kkulHkk pquko 2013 esa chtsih us 90 esa ls 49 lhVsa thrh gS]a ysfdu chtsih ds erksa esa dsoy 0-77 Qhlnh dk btkQk gqvkA NÙkhlx<+ esa fganRq o dh dksbZ ygj fn[kkbZ ugha nsrhA dkaxl sz &fojks/kh ekgkSy vkSj eq[;ea=h jeu flag dk jktuhfrd dkS'ky feydj NÙkhlx<+ esa Hkktik dks 11 lhVksa ds djhc Hkh igqp a k ldrs gSAa çns'k dkaxl sz us viuh vksj ls lHkh lhVksa ds fy, uke r; dj fn, gSAa ysfdu lcls vf/kd mRlqdrk iwoZ eq[;ea=h vthr tksxh ds pquko yM+us dks ysdj gSA mudk uke igys fcykliqj ls pyk FkkA ;gka ls d:.kk 'kqDyk dh mEehnokjh ds ckn dkadjs ls mudh nkosnkjh vk xbZA gkykafd tksxh us lky Hkj ds fy, jktuhfr ls laU;kl ysus dk ,syku fd;k Fkk] ij vc pquko yM+us ds fy;s rS;kj gSAa yksdlHkk pquko ds eísutj ,d ckj fQj xSjdkaxl sz ] xSjHkktik ny Hkh lfØ; gks x, gSAa fo/kkulHkk pquko esa vyx&vyx pquko yM+us ds dkj.k bu nyksa dks cM+h lQyrk ugha fey ikbZ FkhA ysfdu yksdlHkk pquko esa NÙkhlx<+ LokfHkeku eap] xksM a okuk x.kra= ikVhZ] Hkkjrh; dE;qfuLV ikVhZ vkSj vU; ny feydj la;Dq r ekspkZ cukus dh rS;kjh dj jgs gSAa blesa jk"Vªoknh dkaxl sz ikVhZ ¼jkdkaik½ dk Hkh ,d xqV 'kkfey gksxkA NÙkhlx<+ LokfHkeku eap ds çoDrk jktdqekj xqIrk us crk;k fd ikVhZ ds fo[kaMu ds ckn vc u, fljs ls la;Dq r ekspkZ dk xBu djus dh rS;kjh py jgh gSA la;ä q ekspkZ esa 'kkfey gksus ds fy, dbZ nyksa us lgefr nh gSA la;Dq r ekspkZ lHkh 11 lhVksa ij çR;k'kh mrkjsxkA cgqtu lekt ikVhZ ¼clik½ Hkh çns'k dh lHkh lhVksa ij çR;k'kh mrkjus dh rS;kjh esa gSA clik inkf/kdkfj;ksa us crk;k fd mudk [kkl /;ku ikap yksdlHkk lhVks& a &tkatxhj&pkaik] fcykliqj] dksjck] ljxqtk vkSj jk;x<+ ij gSA bu {ks=ksa esa clik çR;kf'k;ksa us fo/kkulHkk pquko esa csgrj çn'kZu fd;k FkkA ogha lektoknh ikVhZ ¼lik½ ds çoDrk dq.kky 'kqDyk us crk;k fd ikVhZ Ng lhV ij çR;k'kh mrkjsxhA gkykafd bu nyksa dk vc rd jkT; esa [kkrk rd ugha [kqy ik;k gSA ¢


NÙkhlx<+ dkaxzsl ds ikl eË; çns'k esa [kksus ds fy, dqN ugha gS] ogha Hkktik ds lkeus thr dk bfrgkl nksgjkus dh pqukSrh gSA Hkksiky C;wjks

thr dk bfrgkl nksgjkus dh pqukSrh vHkh

dguk eqf'dy gS fd foËkkulHkk pquko es feyh ijkt; ls dkaxl sz us dksbZ lcd lh[kk ;k ugha] ysfdu igyh erZck Hkktik ls igys vius çR;kf'k;ksa dk ,syku djds mlus gSjr esa t:j Mky fn;k gSA blls igys bl ikVhZ esa vkf[kjh {k.k rd fVdV ckaVus dk pyu jgk gSA ;gka ;g tku ysuk t:jh gksxk fd 7 ekpZ dks tc dkaxl sz viuh igyh lwph tkjh dj jgh Fkh rc Hkktik dh dsæa h; pquko lfefr dh cSBd esa fVdV forj.k ij ekgkSy bruk xeZ Fkk fd yksdlHkk esa usrk çfri{k lq"kek Lojkt vkSj ofj"B usrk dSyk'k tks'kh cSBd vËkwjh NksMd + j xqLls ls rerek;s gq, ckgj fudy vk,A njvly nksuksa gh Hkksiky ls yksdlHkk pquko yM+us ij vM+s gq, FksA Hkktik ds Hkhrj[kkus fVdV dks ysdj tcjnLr ekjkekjh gks jgh gSA eksnh dh gok vkSj f'kojkt ygj ds eísutj gj dksbZ fVdV feyus ij 'kfrZ;k pquko thrus dh mEehn esa iwjh rkdr >ksd a s gq, gSA blls ikVhZ dh ijs'kkuh [kklh c<+ xbZ gSA fiNys foËkkulHkk pquko esa Hkkjh cgqer ls rhljh ckj lÙkk esa okilh djus okyh Hkktik yksdlHkk pquko esa Hkh viuh thr dks ysdj dkQh mRlkfgr gSA eq[;ea=h f'kojkt flag pkSgku] ikVhZ vË;{k ujsæa flag rksej vkSj laxBu egkea=h vjfoan esuu rks lHkh 29 yksdlHkk lhVksa ij thr gkfly djus dk nkok dj jgs gSAa eË; çns'k esa Hkktik dk vc rd dk lcls vPNk çn'kZu 2004 esa jgk Fkk] tc ikVhZ us 29 esa ls 25 lhVsa gkfly dh FkhaA

vke vkneh ikVhZ us çns'k esa vc rd ikap yk[k lnL; cuk fy, gSAa og lHkh 29 lhVksa ij vius mEehnokj Hkh mrkj jgh gSA gkykafd vc rd vkik dh vksj ls vkyksd vxzoky ds vykok dksbZ ,slk nwljk uke lkeus ugha vk;k gS] tks cgqr vljnkj gksA vkyksd vxzoky ueZnk cpkvks vkanksyu ds çeq[k usrk jgs gSa vkSj og iwjh ueZnk iêh ij vlj j[krs gSAa dkaxl sz bl lhV ls vius jkT; vË;{k v:.k ;kno dks eSnku esa mrkj pqdh gSA ;gka ;g tku ysuk t:jh gksxk fd bl yksdlHkk pquko esa dkaxl sz ds lHkh {k=i eSnku esa gksx a s vkSj lcdks viuh&viuh yM+kbZ Lo;a yM+uh gksxhA Hkktik bl ckj lHkh lhVsa thrus dk nkok Hkys gh djs ysfdu fNanokM+k] xquk] >kcqvk] [kaMok] bankSj vkSj jktx<+ ds vykok tcyiqj dh lhVsa thruk mlds fy, vklku ugha gksxkA tcyiqj esa dkaxl sz us Hkkjr ds iwoZ egkfËkoDrk foosd ru[kk dks eSnku esa mrkjk gSA blls ogka pqukSrh dfBu gks xbZ gSA nwljh rjQ Hkktik us vius eaf=;ksa lfgr foËkk;dksa dks psrkouh nh gS fd ftu foËkkulHkk {ks=ksa esa ikVhZ dks gkj dk lkeuk djuk iM+x s kA mu {ks=ksa ds foËkk;dksa vkSj inkfËkdkfj;ksa dks ikVhZ Hkfo"; esa fdlh çdkj dh ftEesnkjh ugha nsxhA fiNys dqN lkyksa ds nkSjku eq[;ea=h f'kojkt flag pkSgku us eË; çns'k esa Hkktik dks bruk etcwr cuk fn;k fd ,d le; esa ikVhZ dh ofj"B usrk lq"kek Lojkt dks pquko yM+us ds fy, ;gka ,d ls T;knk lqjf{kr lhVsa miyCËk

FkhaA jkT; ds iwoZ eq[;ea=h dSyk'k tks'kh tc viuh Hkksiky lhV NksMu+ s dks rS;kj ugha gq, Fks rc lq"kek Lojkt csfgpd fofn'kk pyh xbZa FkhaA dkaxl sz ds ikl eË; çns'k esa [kksus ds fy, dqN ugha gSA 29 lhVksa esa ls dsoy pkj mlds ikl gS]a ysfdu Hkktik eË; çns'k esa ftruh laxfBr gS] dkaxl sz jkT; esa mruh gh foHkkftr gSA foËkkulHkk pqukoksa ls igys lqj's k ipkSjh dks jkT; dh ftEesnkjh lkSia h xbZ Fkh] exj og jkT; esa dkaxl sz dks ,dtqV ugha dj ik,A ns'k dh jktuhfr esa eË; çns'k ds dkaxl sz usrkvksa dk ges'kk cM+k lEeku jgk gSA }kjdk çlkn feJk] ';kek pj.k 'kqDyk] çdk'k pan lsBh dk ns'k dh jktuhfr esa cM+k uke jgkA bl le; jkT; esa dkaxl sz ds lcls cM+s tukËkkj okys usrk fnfXot; flag gS]a ysfdu os jkT; esa de gh le; ns jgs gSAa dkaxl sz ds fy, oksV tqVkus okys usrkvksa esa T;ksfrjkfnR; flafËk;k dk uke egRoiw.kZ gSA Xokfy;j vkSj vklikl ds bykds esa mudk [kklk vlj gSA deyukFk flQZ vius {ks= fNanokMk esa yksdfç; gSAa f'kojkt flag pkSgku us ftruh yksdfç;rk gkfly dh vkSj mUgsa oksVksa esa cnyk] oSlk dkaxl sz esa rks D;k] Hkktik esa Hkh dksbZ ugha dj ldkA pkSgku ds fy, yksdlHkk pquko ,d pqukSrh gSA foËkkulHkk esa rks oksV muds uke ij feyk] ns[kuk ;g gS fd yksdlHkk pquko esa ikVhZ dks og fdruh lhVsa fnyk ldrs gSAa ¢ ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

15


jktLFkku foËkkulHkk pqukoksa esa djkjh gkj ds ckn jkgqy xkaËkh us çns'k dh deku ;qok lfpu ik;yV dks lkSai nhA bl mEehn ls fd os ikVhZ esa tku QwadsaxsA ij cM+s usrkvksa ds vlg;ksx vkSj ikVhZ dk;kZy; esa iljh ek;wlh crkrh gS fd os ukdke lkfcr gq, gSaA fot; 'kekZ

ik;yV Hkh ugha pyk ik,axs dkaxzsl dh xkM+h [kqn

dks tehuh vkËkkj okyh ikVhZ crkus okyh dkaxl sz ftl ?kksj fujk'kk ds chp pquko esa mrj jgh gS] mlls ugha yxrk fd bl ckj mlds vkSj Hkktik ds chp igys tSlh dksbZ tksjnkj VDdj gksus okyh gSA foËkkulHkk pquko esa 'keZukd gkj ds ckn ls dkaxl sz mcj ugha ikbZ gS vkSj ,sls esa mls yksdlHkk pqukoksa dh pqukSrh dk lkeuk djuk iM+ jgk gSA bl otg ls dsUæh; ea=h lfpu ik;yV dk çns'k vË;{k ds :i esa u;k&u;k nkf;Ro Hkh nkao ij yx x;k gSA lfpu viuh ethZ ls çns'kkË;{k ugha cus] cfYd ;qok psgjs ls fdlh peRdkj dh mEehn ds lkFk jkgqy xkaËkh us mUgsa tcju Hkstk gSA ik;yV dks çns'kkË;{k cus nks ekg chr pqds gS]a ysfdu çns'k dkaxl sz esa tku Qwd a us dk dksbZ peRdkj vc rd ugha fn[kk gSA dk;ZdrkZ iwjh rjg fujk'k gSAa igyh ckj dk;ZdrkZvksa esa pqukoksa ds çfr fdlh rjg dk mRlkg fn[kkbZ ugha ns jgk gSA ,sls gkykr esa ik;yV fQygky vdsys iM+rs utj vk jgs gSAa iwoZ eq[;ea=h v'kksd xgyksr vkSj dsæa h; egklfpo MkW- lhih tks'kh tSls usrkvksa us foËkkulHkk pqukoksa ds ckn ls gh lfpu dh xfrfofËk;ksa ls nwjh cuk j[kh gSA bafnjk xkaËkh Hkou ¼izn's k dkaxl sz dk;kZy;½ dk lwukiu pqukoksa dh ?kks"k.kk ds ckotwn dk;e gSA jktLFkku dkaxl sz esa igyh ckj ,slh fLFkfr gS tc pqukoksa esa fVdV ekaxus ds uke ij dk;ZdrkZvksa esa ekjkekjh tSlh ukScr fn[kkbZ ugha ns jgh gSA fVdV ds fy, xqVckth vkSj eku&eukSCcy rks nwj] cM+s usrk Hkh pqukoh eqdkcys esa mrjus dks rS;kj ugha gSAa tcfd jkT; dh 25 yksdlHkk lhVksa esa ls 20 lhVsa vHkh dkaxl sz ds ikl] 4 Hkktik ds ikl vkSj nkSlk dh lhV funZyh; MkW- fdjksMh+ yky eh.kk ds ikl FkhA ij vc dkaxl sz ds ekStnw k lkaln pqukoksa ls nwj jguk pkgrs gSAa tcfd mfpr çR;k'kh u feyus dh fLFkfr esa ikVhZ vkykdeku djhc vkËkk ntZu ls vfËkd lhVksa ij vius ekStnw k lkalnksa dks gh fQj ls ekSdk nsuk pkgrh gSA buesa dsUæh; ea=h MkW- fxfjtk O;kl vkSj vyoj ls ;qok lkaln ftrsUæ flag dk uke çeq[k gSA dsæa h; egklfpo MkW- lhih tks'kh Hkh pqukoksa ls vyx jguk pkgrs gSAa muds fuokZpu {ks= esa dkaxl sz dk lQk;k gks pqdk gSA tks'kh us rks ,d rjg ls jkT; dh jktuhfr ls gh dUuh dkV yh gSA iwoZ

16

;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

eq[;ea=h v'kksd xgyksr dHkh&dHkh v[kckjh c;kuksa esa gh utj vkrs gSAa xgyksr tku&cw>dj [kqn dks nwj j[ks gq, gSAa foËkkulHkk pqukoksa esa gkj dk Bhdjk muds ekFks ij QwV gh pqdk gSA tkudkjksa ds vuqlkj dk;ZdrkZvksa ds xqLls ds pyrs pqukoh ekgkSy esa fdlh vugksuh ls cpus ds fy, xgyksr nwjh cuk, gq, gSAa gkykafd os vius iq= oSHko xgyksr dks vkxs c<+kuk pkgrs gSAa oSHko dks tkykSj ;k Vksd a &lokbZ ekËkksijq lhV ls yksdlHkk pqukoksa dk fVdV fnykus ds fy, xgyksr tksj yxk, gq, gSAa jktuhfrd fo'ys"kdksa dk ekuuk gS fd jkT; esa fQygky Hkktik dk eksnh QSDVj [kRe ugha gqvk gSA cfYd Hkktik jk"Vªh; Lo;alos d la?k dh enn ls [kqn dks vkSj Hkh vfËkd etcwr cukus esa lQy jgh gSA ,sls esa yksdlHkk ds urhtksa dk vuqeku Lor% gh yxk;k tk ldrk gSA ,sfrgkfld dke;kch ds lkFk lÙkk esa ykSVh Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ iwjs tks'k o mRlkg ds lkFk pqukoh eSnku esa gSA eq[;ea=h olqËa kjk jkts us ljdkj dh ftEesnkjh ds lkFk pquko çcaËku bl rjg fd;k gS fd rS;kjh esa gh Hkktik dkaxl sz ls dkQh vkxs fudy pqdh gSA ikVhZ ds vusd laxBu vkSj ekspZs pqukoh jFk ;k=k,a ysdj dkQh igys gh eSnku esa fudy pqds gSAa foËkkulHkk pqukoksa ds nkSjku Hkh jkts foËkkulHkk pqukoksa ds lkFk gh ujsUæ eksnh dks çËkkuea=h cukus ds fy, oksV nsus dh ekax djrh jgh gSAa blfy, ikVhZ vc ^fe'ku 25* ij dke dj jgh gSA iwjh deku olqËa kjk jkts ds gkFk esa gSA vkykdeku us Hkh yksdlHkk pquko ftrkus dk lkjk ftEek muds gokys dj fn;k gSA çR;k'kh p;u esa Hkh jkts gh vge Hkwfedk jgsxhA bl ckj Hkh jkts us QhMcSd ds vkËkkj ij gh çR;k'kh r; djus dh uhfr viukuk r; fd;k x;k gSA Hkktik vkykdeku ds fy, jkT; dh iPphl lhVsa cgqr egRo j[krh gSAa iqjkus :>ku crkrs gSa fd ;gka lÙkk esa jgus okys ny dks ,deq'r lhVsa feyrh gSAa bl lehdj.k dks Ë;ku esa j[kdj jk"Vªh; Lo;alos d la?k iwjh eqLrSnh ls Hkktik dh thr lqfuf'pr djus ds fy, tqV x;k gSA la?k us pquko dh rS;kfj;ksa ds fy, vius lHkh laxBuksa dh lk>k ;kstuk cukbZ gSA la?k us vius laxBu dks jktLFkku esa rhu çkarksa t;iqj] tksËkiqj vkSj fpÙkkSM+ esa ckaV j[kk gSA jkts ds fy, QhMcSd esa Hkh la?k ds Lo;alos dksa dk lg;ksx fy;k tk jgk gSA lkQ gS fd tgka dkaxl sz iwjh rjg VwVh vkSj fc[kjh gqbZ gS] ogha la?k ds lk, esa Hkktik iwjh rjg ls ,dtqV vkSj mRlkg ls yojst gSA ¢


fookn vk'kqrks"k dqekj

d'ehj ?kkVh ds vyxkooknh yksdlHkk pqukoksa ls igys ekgkSy xeZ djus ds fy;s ekSds ds bartkj esa FksA esjB esa ^ikfdLrku ftankckn* ds ukjs yxkus ds ckn d'ehjh Nk=ksa ds fuyacu vkSj mlds ckn jk"Vªæksg ds eqdnes us mUgsa ;g ekSdk ns fn;kA

chrh 2 ekpZ dks Hkkjr vkSj ikfdLrku

ds chp gq, eSp esa Hkkjr dh gkj ds ckn esjB ds lqHkkjrh fo'ofo|ky; esa i<+us okys dqN Nk=ksa us ^ikfdLrku ftUnkckn* ds ukjs yxkus 'kq: fd,] ftldk LFkkuh; Nk=ksa us fojksËk fd;kA fookn c<+us ij d'ehjh Nk=ksa us g‚LVy ds vanj QuhZpj vkSj 'kh'ks rksM+ fn, vkSj tedj mRikr epk;kA fo'ofo|ky; ç'kklu us ekeyk lqy>kus dh dksf'k'k esa Nk=ksa ls ekQh ekaxus ds fy, dgk] ftlls mUgksua s budkj dj fn;kA blds ckn dqylfpo ih- ds- xxZ dh vksj ls vKkr Nk=ksa ij jk"Vªæksg dh fjiksVZ ntZ djkbZ xbZ vkSj 66 Nk=ksa dks fuyafcr dj muds ?kj Hkst fn;k x;kA mYys[kuh; gS fd tEew&d'ehj ls ^çËkkuea=h fo'ks"k Nk=o`fÙk ;kstuk* ds varxZr O;kolkf;d f'k{kk ikus ds bPNqd Nk=ksa dks ns'k ds fofHkUu laLFkkuksa esa Hkstk tkrk gSA mudh f'k{kk lfgr lHkh [kpksZa dk ogu dsUæ ljdkj }kjk fd;k tkrk gSA blh ;kstuk ds varxZr d'ehj ?kkVh ds fofHkUu ftyksa ds nks lkS ls vfËkd Nk= esjB ds lqHkkjrh fo'ofo|ky; esa chch,] ,ech,] y‚ vkSj chVsd esa ukekafdr gSA bUgha d'ehjh Nk=ksa us Hkkjr dh gkj ij ikfdLrku ftUnkckn ds ukjs yxk, FksA bu ij eqdneksa dh [kcj feyrs gh tEew d'ehj ds eq[;ea=h mej us V~ohV fd;k fd ^mDr fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks fn;k x;k dBksj naM Lohdk;Z ugha gSA ;g mudk Hkfo"; cckZn dj nsxk vkSj vyxko dh Hkkouk c<+k,xk*A mUgksua s ;g Hkh vk'kadk O;Dr fd dgha ^ikfdLrku ftankckn* ds ukjs yxkus okyksa esa vyxko dh Hkkouk u Hkj tk,A mej ds lqj esa lqj feykrs gq, mÙkj izn's k ds eq[;ea=h vf[kys'k ;kno us Hkh dgk fd ^bl dkjZokbZ dh vko';drk ughaA laHko gS fd ifj.kke ls vufHkK Nk=ksa us mÙkstuk esa ukjsckth dj nh gks*A blds ckn ç'kklu us Nk=ksa ij ls jk"Vªnkz gs ds vkjksi okil ys fy, vkSj mej us lfØ;rk fn[kkus ij eq[;ea=h vf[kys'k ;kno dk vkHkkj O;Dr fd;kA mej us ;g Hkh mEehn trkbZ fd çËkkuea=h fo'ks"k Nk=o`fÙk ;kstuk ikus okys fo|kFkhZ vkRefo'ys"k.k djsx a As ihMhih çoDrk ubZe v[rj us Hkh d'ehjh

jk"Vªæksg ;k [ksy Hkkouk\ Nk=ksa ds lkFk fd, O;ogkj ij mÙkj çns'k ljdkj vkSj lqHkkjrh fo'ofo|ky; ls ekQh ekaxus vkSj mudk ços'k cgky djus dh ekax dhA v[rj ds vuqlkj ;g ^vlgefr dks vijkËk crkus* ds lkFk gh ^[ksy Hkkouk ds Hkh fo#)* gSA tEew&d'ehj dksfy'ku v‚Q flfoy lkslkbVht ds vË;{k ijost bejkst ,MoksdVs us bldh rqyuk nsgjknwu esa vQty xq# dh Qkalh ds fojksËk esa ekpZ fudky jgs 'kkafriw.kZ Nk=ksa ij gq, geys ls djrs gq, lqHkkjrh fo'ofo|ky; ds mu Nk=ksa vkSj vfËkdkfj;ksa ds fo#) dM+h dkjZokbZ dh ekax dh] ftUgksua s d'ehjh Nk=ksa dk mRihM+u fd;kA eqdnek okil ysus ds ckotwn 'kqØokj dks lS;n vyh 'kkg fxykuh vkSj ;klhu efyd ds vkºoku ij ?kkVh esa çn'kZu gq,A xkanjcy ds xkjxs] ckanhiksjk ds [kbZ gktu] ckjkewyk] lhesVa fczt vkSj 'kksfi;ka ds dqN fgLlksa esa çn'kZudkfj;ksa vkSj iqfyl ds chp la?k"kZ gqvkA ikfdLrku ds fons'k ea=ky; dh çoDrk rLuhe vlye us Hkh ?kVuk dks nqHkkZX;iw.kZ crk;kA mUgksua s dgk fd ^;fn d'ehjh fo|kFkhZ ikfdLrku vkdj i<+uk pkgsa rks muds fny vkSj f'k{kk laLFkkuksa ds njokts [kqys gSAa os ikfdLrku vkdj viuh i<+kbZ tkjh j[k ldrs gS*a A ogha lqHkkjrh ls fuyafcr dj d'ehj Hksts x, dqN Nk= 7

ekpZ dks Jhuxj esa >sye ds rV ij ehfM;k ls feysA ikfdLrku ds çLrko ds fo"k; esa iwNs tkus ij mUgksua s dgk fd ^mÙkj çns'k ljdkj us ;fn vkSj vfËkd dfBukb;ka iSnk dha rks os vkxs dh i<kbZ ds fy, Hkkjr ljdkj ls ikfdLrku tkus dh vuqefr ekaxx as *s A yksdlHkk pquko ds bl ekgkSy esa eqfLye erksa dks lkËkus ds fy, y[kuÅ vkSj fnYyh ls ysdj Jhuxj rd dok;n tkjh gSA blds fy, rqf"Vdj.k ds u, iSekus x<+s tk jgs gSAa ysfdu ikfdLrku us bl iwjs çdj.k dks ftl rjg gkFkks& a gkFk fy;k gS mlls tkfgj gS fd jktuhfr ogka igqp a xbZ gS tgka og ikfdLrku ds ealcw ksa esa lgk;d gksus yxh gSA laHko gS fd vf[kys'k dk vanktk lgh gks vkSj mu Nk=ksa us {kf.kd mÙkstuk esa ;g ukjsckth dh gks] fdUrq bldk nwljk vkSj T;knk xgjk vFkZ ;g gS fd esjB ls ysdj fnYyh] Jhuxj vkSj bLykekckn rd vyxkookfn;ksa dk ,d ra= fodflr gks pqdk gS] tks NksVh&NksVh ?kVuk dks rwy nsdj jk"Vªh;&varjjk"Vªh; Lrj ij mBk ldrs gSAa ;g ra= Hkkjr fojksËkh j.kuhfr ij dke djrk gS vkSj ns'k dh jktuhfr ds cM+s f[kykM+h Hkh tkus&vutkus blesa 'kkfey gSAa ¢ ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

17


pquko vk;ksx yksdra=

esa pquko mRlo gksrk gSA ;g mRlo ftrus lkQ&lqFkjs <ax ls euk;k tk,xk] yksdra= dks mruh gh etcwrh feysxhA ysfdu] bl mRlo&ËkeZ dks iwjk djuk pqukSrhiw.kZ dke gks x;k gSA gkykafd] Hkkjr esa bl dke dks iwjk djus ds fy, ^pquko vk;ksx* gSA ;g ,d laoËS kkfud laLFkk gSA Lora= vkSj fu"i{k pquko djkuk bldh ftEesnkjh gSA blh mís'; ls pquko vk;ksx dk xBu gqvk gSA blls mEehn Fkh fd og yksdra= ds mRlo dh ifo=rk cuk, j[ksxkA nqHkkZX; ls ,slk ugha gks ik;k gSA pquko vk;ksx dks viuh ljdkj ls gh nks&nks gkFk djus iM+ jgs gSAa blds dbZ mnkgj.k gSAa Ëkucy] ckgqcy] isM&U;wt] yksd&yqHkkou ?kks"k.kk,a yksdra= dks gh detksj djus esa yxh gSAa vc lkQ&lqFkjs pquko ds fy, jk"VªO;kih cgl py iM+h gSA jktuhfrd ny Hkh pquko esa c<+rs Ëkucy vkSj ckgqcy dks yksdra= ds fy, [krjukd crkrs gS]a ysfdu pquko lqËkkj ds çfr ljdkj vkSj jktuhfrd ny xaHkhj ugha gSA ifj.kkeLo:i ns'k dh laln vkSj foËkkulHkkvksa esa vkijkfËkd i`"BHkwfe ds yksxksa dh la[;k c<+rh tk jgh gSA pquko esa jktuhfrd ikfVZ;ka vke jktuhfrd dk;ZdrkZvksa dh txg djksMi+ fr;ksa vkSj ckgqcfy;ksa ds Hkjksls eSnku esa mrjus yxh gSAa bl pqukoh rLohj ls vke vkneh fujk'k gSA ogha bl ij çnhi flag

vad'q k yxkus okyh laLFkk,a mnklhu gSAa gkykafd] fiNys dbZ o"kksZa ls pquko lqËkkj dh ckr mBrh jgh gS] ij ns[kus esa vk;k gS fd pquko lqËkkj dks ysdj jktuhfrd ikfVZ;ka cxysa >kadus yxrh gSAa vc ckr pquko vk;ksx dh jgh rks og vius lhfer vfËkdkjksa dk gokyk nsdj Lo;a dks vlgk; crkrk gSA oSls fo'ks"kK ;g jk; j[krs gSa fd ;fn pquko vk;ksx bZekunkjh ls pqukoh çfØ;k dk lapkyu djs rks bl jktuhfrd rLohj dks lqËkkjk tk ldrk gSA bfrgkl xokg gS fd blh pquko vk;ksx us vius vfËkdkjksa dk mi;ksx dj pqukoh çfØ;k esa dbZ ldkjkRed cnyko fd, gSAa igys pquko vk;ksx ,d xqeuke laLFkk gqvk djrh FkhA vke vkneh dk bl uke ls dksbZ [kkl ifjp; ugha FkkA Vh,u-'ks"ku ds dk;Zdky esa pquko vk;ksx ppkZ esa vk;kA 12 fnlacj] 1990 dks Vh,u- 'ks"ku Hkkjr ds eq[; pquko vk;qä fu;qä gq, FksA 11 fnlacj] 1996 rd os bl in ij jgsA Hkkjr ds os nlosa pquko vk;qä Fks] ysfdu pqukoh ekeys esa ljdkj dh n[kyankth eatjw u djus okys os nwljs pquko vk;qä ekus tkrs gSAa igys lqdeq kj lsu FksA os Hkkjr ds igys pquko vk;qä FksA bUgksua s pqukoh çfØ;k esa tokgjyky usg: dh lykg dks ekuus ls budkj dj fn;k FkkA blds ckn 'ks"ku us vke pquko esa jktuhfrd nyksa dh euekuh ij f'kdatk dluk 'kq: fd;kA çR;kf'k;ksa dks pquko ,d [kpZ lhek esa gh yM+us dk funs'Z k fn;kA pquko dks fu"i{k vkSj ikjn'khZ rjhds ls djkus dh ubZ igy dhA bl le; rd pquko thrus ds fy, çR;k'kh pquko dsæa ksa ij dCtk djus ls Hkh ugha pwdrs FksA

Lora= ,oa fu"i{k pquko djkuk pquko vk;ksx dh ftEesnkjh gSA ysfdu ns'k dh ekStwnk jktuhfrd ifjn`'; esa /kucy ,oa ckgqcy us ikjn'khZ pquko izfØ;k ij iz'ufpUg yxk fn;k gSA pquko vk;ksx pquko lqËkkj dks ysdj dbZ flQkfj'ksa dh] ysfdu ljdkj bls ykxw djus dks rS;kj ugha gSA

^pquko* vkSj ^vk;ksx* ds chp yksdra=


vc bZoh,e ls fudysxh jlhn

yksdlHkk pquko&2014 ds lkFk&lkFk rhu jkT;ksa dh foËkkulHkk dk Hkh pquko gksus tk jgk gSA blds lkFk gh mÙkj çns'k] fcgkj lesr vkB jkT;ksa dh 23 foËkkulHkk lhV ds fy, mipquko Hkh gksx a As bu lHkh pqukoksa ds urhts 16 ebZ dks ?kksf"kr gksx a As bl le; ns'k esa 81 djksM+ ls T;knk ernkrk gSAa fiNyh ckj dh vis{kk bl ckj ,d yk[k ls T;knk ernku dsæa gksx a As pquko vk;ksx us nkok fd;k gS fd pquko O;oLFkk esa 1-10 djksM+ ljdkjh deZpkjh vkSj vfËkdkjh tqVx as As pquko esa 'kkfey leLr deZpkfj;ksa esa vkËkh la[;k lqj{kkdfeZ;ksa dh gksxhA pquko [kpZ lhek c<+kdj pquko vk;ksx us bl ckj çR;kf'k;ksa dks FkksMh+ jkgr nh gSA v#.kkpy çns'k] xksok vkSj flfDde dks NksMd + j ckdh lHkh jkT;ksa esa mEehnokj pquko esa 70 yk[k #i, [kpZ dj ldsx a As bl pquko dh dbZ fo'ks"krk,a gS] ftlesa lcls igys mEehnokjksa dks rksgQk fn;k x;k gSA vc ukekadu esa pwd gksus ij mls lqËkkjus dk Hkh ekSdk feysxkA Hkwy ls ;fn dksbZ d‚ye [kkyh jg tkrk gS rks fjVfuax Z vfËkdkjh lacfa Ëkr çR;k'kh dks uksfVl nsdj nwljk ukekadu Hkjus dh btktr nsxkA ij] nwljh ckj pwd gqbZ rks ukekadu fujLr gks tk,xkA blds lkFk gh çR;kf'k;ksa ds fy, bysDVª‚fud ukekadu dk Hkh fodYi [kksyk x;k gSA yksdlHkk pquko esa igyh ckj uksVk dk bLrseky gksus tk jgk gSA gky ds foËkkulHkk pqukoksa esa rks uksVk dk ç;ksx gks pqdk FkkA bl ckj oksfVax ds ckn bZoh,e ls jlhn Hkh fudysxh] ysfdu bl pquko esa ;g lqfoËkk gj fdlh ds fy, ugha gksxhA dqN lhfer {ks=ksa esa gh bZoh,e e'khu ls jlhn fudysxhA ogha gokbZ ?kks"k.kk djus okyksa ij Hkh vk;ksx yxke yxkus dh lksp jgk gSA

bls jksdus dh mUgksua s gj laHko dksf'k'ksa dhaA blls pquko vk;ksx vkSj jktuhfrd ikfVZ;ka ,d&nwljs ds vkeus&lkeus vk xbZAa oSls jktuhfrd nyksa vkSj pquko vk;ksx ds chp Vdjko dh ;g igyh ?kVuk ugha FkhA bl lanHkZ esa yksx lqdeq kj lsu dks ;kn djrs gSAa os 21 ekpZ] 1950 dks Hkkjr ds eq[; pquko vk;Dr fu;qDr gq, FksA 19 fnlacj] 1958 rd os bl in ij jgsA mUgsa tokgjyky usg: ds fo'ks"k vkxzg ij bl in ij fu;qä fd;k x;k FkkA 26 uoacj] 1949 dks lafoËkku lHkk us lafoËkku rS;kj dj mls Lohdkj dj fy;k FkkA vc ns'k esa pquko dh ckjh FkhA usg: dh bPNk Fkh fd rqjra pquko gks] ij lqdeq kj lsu us blls euk dj fn;kA mUgksua s usg: ls nks&Vwd 'kCnksa esa dgk fd tc rd os iwjs ns'k dh fLFkfr vkSj pquko ds nkSjku mi;ksx esa vkus okys lalkËkuksa dk ys[kk&tks[kk rS;kj ugha dj ysx a ]s rc rd pquko ugha djk;k tk ldrk gSA ;gh otg Fkh fd Hkkjr dk igyk

vke pquko 25 vDVwcj] 1951 ls 'kq# gksdj 21 Qjojh] 1952 esa laiUu gqvkA ysfdu] ckn ds fnuksa esa nwljs pquko vk;qäksa esa oks Bld ugha jghA os lÙkk çfr"Bku ds b'kkjksa ij ukprs jgsA pquko vk;ksx flQZ pqukoh e'khujh cudj jg x;kA cgjgky] bl nkSjku pquko lqËkkj dks ysdj jktuhfrd nyksa vkSj pquko vk;ksx dh chp vka[k& fepkSyh dk [ksy tkjh jgkA nksuksa ,d nwljs ij nks"kkjksi.k dj vius drZO;ksa dh bfrJh eku cSBAs bl chp dbZ lqËkkj gq,] ysfdu os ukdkQh jgsA dqN NksVs jktuhfrd ny Hkys gh pquko lqËkkj dh ekax djrs jgs gS]a ysfdu ljdkj vkSj cM+s jktuhfrd ny pquko lqËkkj ds fy, rS;kj ugha gSAa ns'k dh çfrc) ukSdj'kkgh Hkh bl fn'kk esa jksMs+ vVdkrh jgh gSA jktuhfrd ny vius fufgr LokFkZ ds okLrs pquko lqËkkj ds fy, rS;kj ugha gS]a ogha pquko vk;ksx Hkh bl fn'kk esa xaHkhj ugha gSA vk;ksx vius vfËkdkjksa dh lhek crkrs gq, pqukoh xM+cM+h djus okyksa dks ltk u fnyk ikus esa Lo;a dks vleFkZ ikrk gSA pqukoh rkjh[k dh ?kks"k.kk ds ckn gh vkn'kZ vkpkj lafgrk ykxw gks tkrh gSA vkn'kZ vkpkj lafgrk ykxw gksus ds ckn lHkh ç'kklfud 'kfä;ka pquko vk;ksx ds ikl vk tkrh gSAa bl le; ;fn pquko vk;ksx pkgs rks ,slh xM+cfM+;ksa dks jksd ldrk gSA vkn'kZ vkpkj lafgrk ds mYya?ku dk dksbZ nks"kh ik;k tkrk gS rks vk;ksx mls pquko yM+us ds v;ksX; Bgjk ldrk gS] ysfdu vk;ksx T;knkrj ekeyksa esa dkxth [kkukiwfrZ dj ekeys dks jQk&nQk dj nsrk gSA pquko lqËkkj ds fy, mPpre U;k;ky; us ftrus dne mBk, gS]a mrus gh pqukoh lqËkkj vcrd gks ik, gSAa nkxh vkSj vkijkfËkd i`"BHkwfe ds yksxksa dks jktuhfr ls ckgj dk jkLrk fn[kkus dh ckr gksrh jgh gSA bl eqís ij lHkh jktuhfrd ikfVZ;ksa us vius&vius fglkc ls rdZ x<+As vius ny ds vkijkfËkd i`"BHkwfe ds lkalnksa vkSj foËkk;dksa ds fy, os NwV ysuk pkgrs Fks] ftlds dkj.k ;g eqík yack f[kaprk x;kA turk esa blds f[kykQ vkØks'k c<+rk gh tk jgk FkkA vkf[kjdkj vDVwcj 2013 esa mPpre U;k;ky; us nkfx;ksa ij f'kdatk dlrs gq, QSlyk lquk;kA U;k;ky; us tuçfrfufËkRo vfËkfu;e dh Ëkkjk 8¼4½ dks fujLr dj fn;k] tks lkaln vkSj foËkk;d dks vkijkfËkd ekeyksa esa nks"kh ik, tkus ds ckn Hkh lnL;rk jí gksus ls cpkrk FkkA tsy ls pquko yM+us ij Hkh mPpre U;k;ky; us jksd yxk nhA U;k;ky; us vius QSlys esa dgk fd ftl rjg ls tsy vkSj iqfyl fgjklr esa jgus okys O;fä dks oksV nsus dk vfËkdkj ugha gS] mlh rjg ,sls 'k[l dks pquko yM+us dk Hkh vfËkdkj ugha gSA jktuhfrd ikfVZ;ksa dks lkQ Nfo ds çR;kf'k;ksa dks mrkjus ds fy, ckË; djus okyk QSlyk Hkh vnkyr ls gh vk;k] ftlds rgr nkxh Nfo ds çR;k'kh dk fojksËk djrs gq, turk dks ^uksVk* dk vfËkdkj feykA loksPZ p U;k;ky; us tqykbZ 2013 esa fn, x, ,d QSlys esa pquko vk;ksx ls dgk fd og pqukoh ?kks"k.k&i=ksa ds ckjs esa fn'kk&funs'Z k rS;kj djsA vnkyr us dgk fd jktuhfrd ny pquko ds le; ykHk ysus ds fy, gok&gokbZ pqukoh ?kks"k.kk,a djrs gSAa ,sls esa ernkrk Hkzfer gks tkrk gSA blls fu"i{k pquko dh laHkkouk de gks tkrh gSA jktuhfrd nyksa dk dguk gS fd ?kks"k.kk&i= pqukoh çfØ;k dk fgLlk ugha gSA mPpre U;k;ky; ds QSlys ds ckn pquko vk;ksx us lkjs jktuhfrd nyksa dh ,d cSBd cqykbZ] ysfdu lHkh jktuhfrd nyksa us bl çLrko dks [kkfjt dj fn;kA bu rF;ksa ls lkQ tkfgj gksrk gS fd jktuhfrd ikfVZ;ka pquko lqËkkj ds fy, xaHkhj ugha gSAa ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

19


mPpre U;k;ky; us pquko lqËkkj dh Bksl 'kq#vkr dj nh gS] ysfdu blds igys pquko lqËkkj ds fy, dbZ lfefr;ksa vkSj vk;ksxksa us viuh flQkfj'ksa ljdkj dks lkSia h gSAa mu flQkfj'kksa ij dsæa ljdkj pqIih lkËks cSBh gSA Vh,l- —".kewfrZ dh flQkfj'kksa ij vHkh rd vey ugha fd;k tk ldk gSA blds lkFk gh 1999 esa vkbZ fofËk vk;ksx dh 170oha fjiksV]Z lafoËkku ds dkedkt dh leh{kk ij vkËkkfjr jk"Vªh; vk;ksx dh fjiksVZ ¼2002½] pquko vk;ksx dh flQkfj'ksa ¼2004½] dkfeZd tu f'kdk;r] fofËk vkSj U;k; foHkkx ls lacfa Ëkr lalnh; LFkk;h lfefr dh pquko lacËa kh 18oha fjiksVZ 'kkfey gSA pquko vk;ksx us 16oha yksdlHkk pquko dh j.kHksjh ctk nh gSA ;g pquko ukS pj.kksa esa gksus tk jgk gSA lkr vçSy ls 'kq: gksdj 12 ebZ dks laiUu gksus okys bl pquko ds urhts 16 ebZ dks ?kksf"kr gksx a As fQygky] ukS pj.kksa esa pquko djkus dks ysdj loky mBus yxs gSAa ns'k esa pquko lqËkkj ds fy, dke dj jgs ^ekSfyd Hkkjr* uke ds laxBu ls tqMs+ vuqt vxzoky dgrs gSa

fd iwjs ns'k esa ,d lkFk vkSj ,d fnu pquko gksuk pkfg,A yach pqukoh çfØ;k esa jktuhfrd nyksa dks ernkrkvksa dks Hkzfer djus dk volj fey tkrk gSA os bZoh,e e'khuksa ls pquko djkus dk Hkh fojksËk djrs gSAa mudk dguk gS fd fo'o ds vfËkdka'k fodflr ns'k bZoh,e e'khuksa dh vlQyrk ds dkj.k bls [kkfjt dj pqds gSAa nwljh rjQ ukS pj.kksa esa pquko djkus dks lgh Bgjkrs gq, eq[; pquko vk;qä oh,l- lair dgrs gS]a ÞfiNyh ckj ds eqdkcys bl ckj iwjh çfØ;k rhu fnu igys [kRe gks jgh gSA mÙkj çns'k vkSj fcgkj tSls jktuhfrd laons u'khy jkT;ksa dks ysdj fo'ks"k j.kuhfr r; dh xbZ gSA bu nksuksa jkT;ksa esa gh lcls T;knk Ng pj.kksa esa ernku gksx a As ß ^ekSfyd Hkkjr* laxBu ds dk;ZdrkZ vkSj vfËkoäk uhjt lDlsuk dk dguk gS fd pquko vk;ksx vkSj pqukoh çfØ;k dk fo'ys"k.k djus ij bldh xM+cM+h] v{kerk vkSj ykijokgh lkeus vkrh gSAß vjfoan dstjhoky ds ekeys dk gokyk nsrs gq, os dgrs gSa fd pquko vk;ksx us U;k;ky; dks ,d gyQukes esa crk;k gS fd Ëkkjk&36 tuçfrfufËk vfËkfu;e&1951 ds varxZr fdlh Hkh çR;k'kh ds ukekadu i= ds ¼lw{e

pquko lqËkkj ds fy, jktuhfrd ny xaHkhj ugha jktuhfr ds vijkËkhdj.k dks jksdus ds fy, ifCyd baVªsLV QkmaMs'ku us mPpre U;k;ky; esa ,d ;kfpdk nk;j dh gSA ;kfpdk dh lquokbZ djrs gq, vnkyr us dgk gS fd lkalnksa] foËkk;dksa ds vkijkfËkd ekeyksa dk QSlyk lky Hkj esa djsaA pquko lqËkkj dh fn'kk esa ;g vkns'k ehy dk iRFkj lkfcr gksxkA ifCyd baVªsLV QkmaMs'ku ds funs'kd u`isanz feJ ^VªkbZ* ds ps;jeSu jgs gSa vkSj Hkkjr ljdkj esa lfpo FksA ;g ckrphr iznhi flag us dh gSA

jktuhfr dk vijkËkhdj.k] pquko esa dkykËku] isM U;wt vkSj jktuhfrd nyksa dh vksj ls yach&pkSM+h ?kks"k.kkvksa ds ckjs esa vkidk er D;k gS\ jktuhfrd dk vijkËkhdj.k gekjs iztkra= ds fy, lcls vfËkd [krjukd gSA ysfdu dkykËku] isM U;wt vkSj yach&pkSMh+ ?kks"k.kk,a tSls eqnn~ s Hkh ,d&nwljs ls tqMs+ gSAa bldh 'kq#vkr gekjs jktusrkvksa us gh dh gSA os 'kq: esa pquko thrus ds fy, vijkfËk;ksa vkSj dkysËku dk lgkjk ysrs FksA ckn esa vijkËkh dkysËku ds lkFk Lo;a jktuhfr ds eSnku esa vk x,A ns[krs&ns[krs ;s gekjs yksdrkaf=d O;oLFkk ds fy, [krjk cu x, gaAS jktuhfrd ny Hkh ftrkÅ izR;k'kh le>dj mUgsa fVdV ns nsrs gSAa foËkkulHkk vkSj laln esa budh la[;k bruh c<+ xbZ gS fd lkjh O;oLFkk ij gh dkyh Nk;k eaMjkus yxh gSA bldk urhtk ;g gqvk fd ,slk dksbZ Hkh dkuwu tks fuokZpu O;oLFkk esa lqËkkj ds fy, vko';d Fkk] mls BaMs cLrs esa Mky fn;k x;kA ij jksd yxkus dh izfØ;k 'kq: gks xbZ gSA pquko lqËkkj esa vM+pusa dgka&dgka ls vk jgh gS\ gekjs fuokZpu izfØ;k vkSj iztkra= esa ^^ra=** T;knk egRoiw.kZ

20

;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

gks x;k gSA bl ^ra=* ij Hkz"Vkpkjh vkSj vkijkfËkd Nfo okys usrkvksa dk fu;a=.k gSA vijkfËk;ksa vkSj Hkz"Vkpkfj;ksa dks lcls igys bl ra= ls ckgj djuk gksxkA rHkh pquko lqËkkj laHko gks ldsxkA pquko lqËkkj ij jktuhfrd nyksa ds joS;s ds ckjs esa vkidk vuqHko D;k gS\ jktuhfrd ny Hkh pquko lqËkkj pkgrs gSAa ysfdu bl elys ij os nksgjk joS;k viukrs gSAa tc os foi{k esa gksrs gSa rks lqËkkj dh ckr djrs gSAa ysfdu ljdkj esa vkus ds ckn gh mudk utfj;k cny tkrk gSA jktuhfrd ny gj eqnn~ s esa rkRdkfyd jktuhfrd fgr ns[krs gSAa lqizhe dksVZ ds fu.kZ;ksa ls pquko lqËkkj dks D;k xfr feyh gS\ vHkh rd tks Hkh pquko lqËkkj gq, gSAa og lc vnkyr ds fu.kZ; ls gh laHko gqvk gSA U;k;ikfydk ds vykok 'kklu dk dksbZ vax bl ij xaHkhjrk ls fopkj ugha dj jgk gSA dqN eghus igys gh vnkyr us tuizfrfufËkRo vfËkfu;e dh Ëkkjk& 8¼4½ dks fujLr dj fn;k] tks lkaln vkSj foËkk;dksa dks vijkfËkd ekeyksa esa fupyh vnkyrksa ls nks"kh djkj fn, tkus ds ckn Hkh lnL;rk jn~n gksus ls cpkrk FkkA ,sls yksx Åijh vnkyr esa vihy djds cp tkrs FksA bl fu.kZ; ds dkj.k vHkh gky gh esa dbZ lkalnksa dks viuh lnL;rk xaokuh iM+h gSA ftlesa ykyw izlkn ;kno


ijh{k.k½ tkap ,oa Ëkkjk125&, ds varxZr 'kiFk i= ij xyr tkudkjh nsus ij n.M dk çkoËkku gSA blij vk;ksx ds vfËkdkfj;ksa dk gh dguk gS fd bu ifjfLFkfr;ksa ls fucVus ds fy, vk;ksx ds ikl dksbZ Li"V fn'kkfuns'Z k ugha gSA pquko vk;ksx ds vuqlkj] Þde le; ds dkj.k ukekadu i= ,oa 'kiFk i=ksa ds rF;ksa dh tkap laHko ugha gSAß pquko lqËkkj ij dke dj jgs latho xqIrk dk dguk gS] fd ^^ns'k esa pquko lqËkkj ds ckt, pquko vk;ksx ds lqËkkj dh t:jr gSA vk;ksx dk <hykiu] ykijokgh vkSj v{kerk nwj gks tk, rks pqukoksa esa gksus okyh vfËkdka'k xM+cfM+;k nwj gks tk,axhA ** og dgrs gSa fd 2012 esa iakp jkT;ksa mÙkj çns'k] mÙkjk[kaM]iatkc]ef.kiqj vkSj xksok esa foËkku lHkk dk pquko gqvk FkkA ml le; mÙkj çns'k esa dsoy 61 çfr'kr gfFk;kj gh tek djk dj pquko laiUu djk fn;k x;kA blh rjg ls mÙkjk[kaM esa 48 çfr'kr] iatkc esa 73 çfr'kr gfFk;kj gh tek djk ldkA lcls [krjukd fLFkfr rks ef.kiqj dh jgh tgka ij 3-89 Qhlnh gfFk;kj gh tek djk;k tk ldkA xksok bldk viokn jgk ogka ij çns'k ds 'kr&çfr'kr futh gfFk;kjksa dks pquko ds igys tek djk fy;k x;k FkkA** vke pquko esa ^isM U;wt* ,d cM+h leL;k gSA gkykafd] bldk bfrgkl iqjkuk gS] ij ;g vc vius mQku ij gSA jktuhfrd ikfVZ;ka ehfM;k esa [kcjksa ds rjg foKkiu fn[kkus Nkius ds fy, iSls nsrh gSAa foKkiu dk [kcj ds :i esa gksuk ernkrkvksa dks

vkSj jkf'kn elwn Hkh 'kkfey gSAa vHkh jktuhfr ds vijkËkhdj.k ds f[kykQ ^^ifCyd baVLsª V QkmaM's ku** dh ;kfpdk ij lqihz e dksVZ us QSlyk lquk;k gS fd vnkyrsa pktZ'khV nkf[ky gksus ds ckn ,d lky ds vanj lquokbZ iwjh djsA pquko lqËkkj ds fy, D;k pquko vk;ksx xaHkhj gS\ dqN laLFkk,a pquko vk;ksx ij mnklhu gksus dk vkjksi yxkrh gSa\ bl ij vki dk D;k dguk gS\ pquko vk;ksx us le;&le; ij pquko vkSj jktuhfr dks lkQ &lqFkjk cukus ds fy, dbZ izLrko HkstAs ftlesa vijkfËk;ksa vkSj Hkz"Vkpkfj;ksa dks pquko yM+us ls dSls jksdk tk,A bldk Hkh mYys[k gSA pquko lqËkkj ds fy, ftrus deh'ku cusA mldh fjiksVZ dks ljdkj us ykxw ugha fd;k gSA pquko vk;ksx dks jktuhfrd nyksa dks iathd`r djus dk vfËkdkj gSA ysfdu jn~n djus dk vfËkdkj ugha gSA bl le; ns'k esa 12 lkS ls vfËkd ikfVZ;ka iathd`r gSAa 99 Qhlnh iathd`r jktuhfrd ny pquko esa Hkkx gh ugha ysrs gSAa os vk;dj esa NwV vkSj nwljs ykHkksa ds fy, jktuhfrd ikVhZ dk iathdj.k djk ysrs gSAa ,sls esa pquko vk;ksx ds ikl vfËkdkj cgqr de gSA gekjs ns'k esa ;fn dksbZ lQy ,tsl a h gS rks mlesa pquko vk;ksx dk uke lcls igys vk,xkA brus cM+s iztkra= ftlesa ,d vjc ls T;knk tula[;k gS vkSj djksMk+ as yksx oksV nsrs gSAa vk;ksx 'kkafriw.kZ <ax ls fuokZPku laiUu djkrk gSA ;g vius vki esa ,d miyfCËk gSA ftldk iwjs fo'o esa dksbZ felky ugha gSAa

ÞisM U;wt ds rhu igyw gSa] fçaV ehfM;k] bysDVª‚fud ehfM;k vkSj mEehnokjksa dh vksj ls fd;k tkus okyk [kpZA isM U;wt ls fuiVus ds fy, pwafd dksbZ dkuwu ugha gS] blfy, geus dkuwu ea=ky; dks çLrko fn;k gS fd og bls pqukoh vijkËk cuk,Aß oh,l- lair eq[; pquko vk;qä

Hkzfer dj nsrk gSA 2009 ds vke pquko esa ;g leL;k cM+s iSekus ij lkeus vkbZ FkhA jktuhfrd ikfVZ;ksa ds lkFk&lkFk ehfM;k ij Hkh maxfy;ka mBus yxh FkhaA blds ckotwn jktuhfrd ny bl ij jksd yxkus dks ysdj xaHkhj ugha fn[k jgs gSAa blls fucVus ds fy, pquko vk;ksx us ljdkj ds ikl çLrko Hkstk fd og isM U;wt dks pqukoh vijkËk cuk,A vk;ksx mEehnokjksa ds pqukoh [kpZ dh fuxjkuh dj bl leL;k ls [kqn Hkh fuiVus dh ckr dj jgk gSA eq[; pquko vk;qä oh,l- lair us yksdlHkk pquko dk;ZØeksa dk ,syku djrs gq, dgk] ÞisM U;wt ds rhu igyw gS]a fçaV ehfM;k] bysDVª‚fud ehfM;k vkSj mEehnokjksa dh vksj ls fd;k tkus okyk [kpZA isM U;wt ls fuiVus ds fy, pwfa d dksbZ dkuwu ugha gS] blfy, geus dkuwu ea=ky; dks çLrko fn;k gS fd og bls pqukoh vijkËk cuk,Aß lair us dgk fd pquko vk;ksx mEehnokjksa ds [kpZ dh fuxjkuh dj [kqn Hkh bl leL;k ls fucVus dh dksf'k'k esa gSA mUgksua s dgk] Þpquko vk;ksx ogh dj jgk gS tks mlds fu;a=.k esa gSA ftyksa vkSj jkT;ksa esa gekjh fuxjkuh lfefr;ka gSAa ge lac) mEehnokj ds O;; [kkrs esa mlds [kpZ dks tksM+ nsrs gSAa ß fçaV ehfM;k esa isM U;wt dh f'kdk;rksa ds ckjs esa lair us dgk fd ,sls ekeys Hkkjrh; çsl ifj"kn dks Hksts tkrs gSAa bysDVª‚fud ehfM;k esa isM U;wt ds ekeys dks jk"Vªh; çlkj.kdrkZ ,lksfl,'ku ¼,uch,½ dks Hksts tkrs gSAa ¢ ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

21


j{kk

j{kkea=h us c<+kbZ vlqj{kk ftrsUnz frokjh

vius yEcs dk;Zdky esa j{kk ea=h ,-ds- ,aVuh ns'k dks cpkus vkSj l'kDr cukus ls T;knk viuh bZekunkjh ij nkx u yxus nsus dh dksf'k'k djrs jgsA tcfd muds dk;Zdky esa vfËkdka'k lkSns blfy, jí gq, fd mlesa nykyh [kkbZ xbZA lsuk izeq[kksa ls rkyesy dk vHkko vkSj gfFk;kjksa dh deh ds pyrs Hkkjrh; lsuk ds eukscy ij izfrdwy izHkko iM+k gSA

j{kkea=h ,aVuh

pqukoh j.k{ks= esa jktuhfrd nyksa dh lsuk,a ltus yxha gSAa vxys

rhu eghus jktuhfrd la?k"kZ ds gksx a As flQZ jktuhfrd ppkZvksa dk nkSj pysxkA ij vlyh j.k{ks= esa mrjus okyh Hkkjrh; lsukvksa dks pquko esa mrjus okyh ljdkj us fdu gkykrksa esa NksMk+ gS] bldk vanktk vk;s fnu gks jgs gknlksa ds chp ukSlus k çeq[k ,Mfejy Mh-ds- tks'kh ds bLrhQs ls gks tkrk gSA mudh txg ukSlus k dh deku fdls lkSia h tk,] ;g r; djus esa Hkh j{kk ea=ky; vc rd vleFkZ gSA orZeku ljdkj us ns'k dh lqj{kk ds lkFk fdl dnj ykijokgh dh gS] ;g le>us ds fy, cl bruk tkuuk dkQh gS fd gekjk fiNyk j{kk ctV ¼2011&12½ 2]38]205 djksM+ #i, dk FkkA blesa ls 81]453 djksM+ #i, ewy iwt a h FkhA vFkkZr blls rksi] foeku] iuMqCch] gSyhdkIVj] xksyk ck#n vkSj vU; lSU; midj.k [kjhns tkus FksA ij blesa ls vkËkk iSlk Hkh [kpZ ugha gks ik;kA tcfd iwoZ lsuk çeq[k tujy oh-ds- flag dk og xksiuh; i= yhd gks pqdk Fkk fd Hkkjrh; lsuk gfFk;kjksa dh Hkkjh deh ls tw> jgh gSA mËkj ok;qlus k Hkh fex&21 dk fodYi lfgr ;q)d foeku ikus ds fy, NViVk jgh gSA ukSlus k esa fiNys 1 lky esa gq, 12 gknls bl ckr ds xokg gSa fd iksrksa vkSj iuMqfCc;ksa dk j[k&j[kko rd Bhd <ax ls ugha gks ik jgk gSA njvly cksQkslZ ?kksVkys ds ckn ls gh Hkkjrh; lsuk yxkrkj gfFk;kjksa dh deh ls tw> jgh gSA ckotwn blds gfFk;kjksa dh [kjhn ds fy, dksbZ ,slh ikjn'khZ uhfr ugha cu ikbZ ftlesa nykyksa ds fy, dksbZ txg u gksA vkjksi u yx tk, bl Mj ls j{kk ea=h ,-ds- ,aVksuh us vius iwjs dk;Zdky esa dksbZ cM+k j{kk lkSnk gh ugha fd;kA ckotwn blds ftrus Hkh lkSns gq,] mlesa nykyh dh ckr lkeus vkbZA cM+h ckr ;g gS fd j{kk lkSnksa esa nykyh ds [kqykls ns'k dh fuxjkuh ,tsfa l;ksa us ugha fd,A ;s [kqykls mu ns'kksa dh tkap ,tsfa l;ksa us fd, tgka ls Hkkjr gfFk;kj [kjhnrk gSA nykyh dh ckr lkeus vkus ds ckn j{kk ea=h ,-ds- ,aVksuh us flQZ bruk fd;k fd dqN daifu;ksa dks dkyh lwph esa Mky fn;k rks dqN ekeyksa dh tkap lhchvkbZ dks lkSia nhA ij bl dkj.k ls lsuk mu gfFk;kjksa ls eg:e jg xbZ ftldh mls cgqr t:jr FkhA tkrh gqbZ ljdkj ds le; Hkh] tcfd yksdlHkk pquko ?kksf"kr gks pqds gS]a fczVus dh batu fuekZrk dEiuh jkWYl jk;l ds lkFk gq, lkSns esa nykyh dh ckr lkeus vkbZ gSA j{kk ea=h us ,d ckj fQj tkap lhchvkbZ ds gokys dj nh gS vkSj lkSns dh vkiwfrZ #d xbZ gSA ik;yVksa ds çf'k{k.k ds nkSjku 2002&03 esa gq, vusd gknlksa ds ckn fex& 21 dks ^mM+rk gqvk rkcwr* crk;k tkrk FkkA c<+rs gknlksa vkSj ;qok ik;yVksa dh ekSr ds ckn bu foekuksa ij çf'k{k.k nsus dk dke can dj fn;k x;kA ij fodYi ugha feykA blds cnys esa Ýkal ls vkus okys gYds yM+kdw foeku jkQsy dh vkiwfrZ vc rd ugha gks ikbZ gSA djkj gks pqdk gS ij j{kk ea=h ,aVuh us bl lky ds ctV esa #i;ksa dh deh ds pyrs vkiwfrZ dk vkMZj ugha fn;kA fygktk ;g dke vc vkus okyh ljdkj dks vkrs gh djuk iM+x s kA vxj vkMZj ns Hkh fn;k tk, rc Hkh bldh vkiwfrZ 2018 ls igys ugha gks ik,xhA iwoZ ok;qlus k çeq[k ,u-,ds- czkmu bl ckr ij xgjh fpark trk pqds gSa fd vxj le; ls foeku ugha feys rks Hkkjr ds fy, [krjk c<+ tk,xkA


vfËkdkfj;ksa dh Hkh deh  Hkkjrh;

flQZ tkap] fdlh ij ugha vkap bl chp jkWYl jk;l ds lkFk Hkh lkSnk [kVkbZ esa iM+rk utj vk jgk gSA bl daiuh ls çf'k{k.k okys foekuksa ds batu dh vkiwfrZ dk lkSnk gqvk FkkA yxHkx 10]000 djksM+ :i, ds bl lkSns ds cnys jkWYl jk;l dks Hkkjrh; daiuh fgUnqLrku ,jksu‚fVDl fyfeVsM ¼,p,,y½ dks ;q)d foeku ds batu nsus FksA ij fczVus esa [kqyklk gks x;k fd bl lkSns dks ikus ds fy, jkWYl jk;l us dqN fcpkSfy;ksa dks ?kwl nhA bl flyflys esa lqËkhj vkSj Hkkuw uke ds nks nykyksa ds uke Hkh lkeus vk, gSAa blls igys vfr fof'k"V yksxksa ds fy, [kjhns tkus okys 12 gsyhdkIVjksa ds lkSns esa nykyh dk [kqyklk bVyh esa gqvk FkkA vxkLrk&osLVySM a daiuh us ;g lkSnk ikus ds fy, nykyh nh FkhA bVyh dh vnkyr esa ekeyk py jgk gSA ogka gLds vkSj xsjkslk uked nks yksxksa dks fgjklr esa Hkh fy;k x;kA ij Hkkjr esa lhchvkbZ flQZ Þtkapß dj jgh gS] mldh Þvkapß fdlh ij ugha vk jgh gSA tcfd ?kwl nsus okys fcpkSfy;ksa dh Mk;jh esa dgha ,Q,,Ek ;kuh QSfeyh dks iSls nsus dh ckr fy[kh gS rks dgha ,ih ds uke ij dqN jde fy[kh gSA b'kkjks& a b'kkjksa esa Hkktik bl QSfeyh vkSj mlds djhch ,ih dh vksj ladrs rks djrh gS] ij lkQ&lkQ dqN ugha dgrhA lhchvkbZ Hkh bl lkQ ladrs rd ugha igqp a ikbZA vycÙkk gqvk ;g fd tkap ds uke ij bldh Vhe bVyh ?kwe vkbZ] iwoZ ukSlus k çeq[k ,lih R;kxh dk uke Hkh mNykA j{kk lkSnksa esa nykyh ds dkj.k gfFk;kjksa dh vkiwfrZdrkZ 6 daifu;ksa dks igys gh dkyh lwph] çfrcafËkr daiuh o lewg esa Mky fn;k x;k gSA buesa flaxkiqj VsDuksyksth dkbZufs VDl] bljkby fefyVªh baMLVªh] teZuh dh jsfgUesVy ,;j fMQsUl] dkWjiksj's ku fMQsUl vkWQ jfl;k ds lkFk gh Hkkjr esa fnYyh fLFkr Vh-,l- fdlku vkSj yqfËk;kuk dh vkj-ds- e'khu VwYl ds uke çeq[k gSAa vc vxLrk&osLVySM a vkSj fQueSdfs udk ij çfrcaËk dh ryokj yVd jgh gSA vxj ,slk gksrk gS rks Hkkjr dks Ýkal ls gfFk;kj [kjhnus esa eqf'dy gksxhA jkWYl jk;l ds ckn fczVus ls Hkh lkSnk djus esa fnDdr vk,xhA rc ys&nsdj flQZ vesfjdk ij fuHkZjrk c<sx + hA bu djkjksa ds jí gksus ds dkj.k lc txgksa ls gfFk;kjksa vkSj vU; midj.kksa dh vkiwfrZ Bi&lh iM+h gSA gky gh esa ukSlus k çeq[k ,Mfejy Mh-ds- tks'kh us bLrhQk fn;k gS] mlds ihNs Hkh j{kk lalkËkuksa dh iwfrZ u gksuk cM+h otg ekuk tk jgk gSA njvly] Hkkjrh; lsuk ds rhuksa vaxksa esa lokZfËkd mis{kk ukSlus k dh gksrh gSA tcfd Hkkjr rhu rjQ leqæ ls f?kjk gS vkSj 1971 ds ;q) esa Hkkjrh; ukSlus k us djkph canjxkg ij geyk cksydj ikfdLrku dks dne ihNs [khapus ij etcwj djus esa [kklh Hkwfedk fuHkkbZ FkhA vc rks dksdks nhi ij phu dh igqp a us leqæh pqukSrh dks vkSj c<+k fn;k gSA ckotwn blds ukSlus k iqjkus iksrksa vkSj iuMqfCc;ksa ls dke pykus dks foo'k gSA eqca bZ ds M‚d ;kMZ esa budh ejEer dk dke pyrk jgrk gSA bl nkSjku dksbZ u dksbZ gknlk Hkh gks jgk gSA dHkh flUËkq j{kd ikuh esa Mwck rks dHkh vkbZ,u,l osrck Vdjk;k vkSj fQj ,jkor nq?kZVukxzLr gqvkA bu gknlksa us ,Mfejy tks'kh dks fopfyr dj fn;k vkSj vkf[kjdkj mUgksua s 26 Qjojh dks bLrhQk ns fn;kA bl fnu flUËkq jRu esa cSVjh ls xSl fjlko ds pyrs vkx yxh Fkh vkSj 2 vfËkdkjh ekjs x, FksA ij muds bLrhQs ds ckn Hkh gknls #ds ughaA 7 ekpZ dks vkbZ,u,l dksydkrk dh ejEer ds nkSjku xSl fjlko gqvk vkSj ,d deksMksj 'kghn gks x;kA

lsuk ds ikl u dsoy gfFk;kjksa vkSj lalkËkuksa dh deh gS cfYd vfËkdkfj;ksa dh Hkh Hkkjh deh gSA j{kk ea=ky; ds vkadM+kas ds vuqlkj lu~ 2011 esa 11]283 vfËkdkfj;ksa dh deh FkhA 2012 esa ;g deh c<+dj 12]500 gks xbZA ;g flQZ deh gSA lsuk dks etcwr vkSj ekjd cukus ds fy, 16]000 vkSj lSU; vfËkdkfj;ksa dh t:jr crkbZ tk jgh gSA  Fky lsuk esa 10 gtkj vfËkdkfj;ksa vkSj 32431 lSfudksa ds in fjDrA  ukSlus k esa 1996 vfËkdkfj;ksa vkSj 14310 tokuksa ds in fjDrA  ok;qlus k esa 962 vfËkdkfj;ksa vkSj 7000 ok;q lSfudksa ds in fjDrA  le; ls iwoZ lsokfuo`fÙk ¼ohvkj,l½ ysus okys lSfudksa o vfËkdkfj;ksa dh la[;k esa rsth ls o`f)A  lu~ 2012 esa Fky lsuk ds 10081] ukSlus k ds 170 rFkk ok;qlus k ds 571 vfËkdkfj;ksa o tokuksa us ohvkj,l fy;kA

,Mfejy tks'kh


lSfudksa dks pqdkuh gksxh dher &deksMksj lh- mn; HkkLdj

iwoZ deksMksj lh- mn; HkkLdj baLVhVîwV Q‚j fMQsUl LVMht ,aM ,ukfyfll ds mi funs'kd Hkh jgs gaAS ^lkÅFk ,f'k;k ekfuVj* tuZy ds laiknd lewg ds çeq[k gSAa ;gka çLrqr gS muls gqbZ ckrphr ds eq[; va'k& ukSlsuk esa gknlksa dh eq[; otg D;k gS \ ukSlus k esa gks jgs gknlksa dks cgqr c<+k&p<+kdj fn[kk;k vkSj le>k;k tk jgk gSA ;g nqHkkZX; dh ckr gS fd ukSlus k ,d ds ckn ,d yxkrkj NksV& s NksVs gknlksa dk f'kdkj gks jgh gSA dgha dksbZ iksr fdukjs vkrs le; tsêh ls Vdjk x;k rks mls Hkh gknls ds rkSj ij ns[kk x;kA gka] flUËkq j{kd t:j ,d xaHkhj gknlk gSA ekuk tk jgk gS fd iuMqfCc;ksa esa gknls [kjkc vkSj iqjkuh cSVjh ds pyrs gq,\ ;g cscfq u;kn ckr gSA çkjafHkd tkap esa ckr lkeus vk;h gS fd rkjksa esa dksbZ deh FkhA os xje gksdj ty xbZAa iwjk lp iwjh tkap ds ckn gh lkeus vk,xkA fQj gknlksa ds dkj.k ,Mfejy tks'kh ds bLrhQs dk D;k vFkZ fudkyk tk,\ ;g cgqr vçR;kf'kr gSA ukSlus k ds fdlh ,Mfejy us blls igys bLrhQk ugha fn;kA yky cgknqj 'kkL=h ds ckn ukSlus k çeq[k ,Mfejy tks'kh us gknlksa ds dkj.k bLrhQk nsdj uSfrdrk dh felky is'k dh gSA ij blds dkj.k ls ukSlus k esa vfuf'prrk dk ekgkSy gSA 10 fnu ckn Hkh u, çeq[k dk pquko u gksuk xaHkhj ckr gSA muds bLrhQs ds ckn j{kk ea=h us dgk fd eSa mu ij vfËkd Hkjkslk ugha dj ik jgk FkkA blls Hkh lsuk ds eukscy ij çfrdwy vlj iM+rk gSA Hkkjrh; lsuk dk eukscy dSlk gS\ gfFk;kjksa dh deh dh ckr fdruh lgh gS\ lsuk dk rksi[kkuk detksj gS] vkËkqfud VSd a ugha gSAa ok;qlus k ds ikl vkËkqfud ;q)d foeku ugha gSAa ukSlus k esa iuMqfCc;ksa dh la[;k ?kVh tk jgh gSA blds lkFk gh iwoZ lsuk çeq[k ds vk;q fookn us Hkh iwjh laLFkk dks ËkDdk igqp a k;k gSA iwoZ ok;qlus k çeq[k dk uke ,d lkSns ds fookn esa ?klhVk x;kA bu lcds dkj.k lsuk dh bZekunkjh vkSj fu"Bk ij Åaxyh mBus yxhA ;g vR;ar xaHkhj ekeyk gSA lsuk cgqr laons u'khy fo"k; gSA vkus okyh ljdkj dks bl fo"k; dh xaHkhjrk le>rs gq, cgqr lkoËkkuh ls dne mBkus gksx a As phu dh rjQ ls ladV c<+rk fn[k jgk gSA vc vQxkfuLrku ls vesfjdh lsuk dh okilh ds ckn ikfdLrku dh rjQ ls Hkh ladV c<+us ds vklkj gSaA ,sls esa Hkkjrh; lsuk fdruh rS;kj gS\ lsuk rks rS;kj gS vkSj gj pqukSrh dk eqga rksM+ tokc nsus esa l{ke Hkh gSA ij ns[kuk ;g gksxk fd mls bldh fdruh dher pqdkuh gksxhA tSls dkjfxy esa lsuk us viuk 'kkS;Z fn[kk;k vkSj nq'euksa dks ekj Hkxk;kA ij iwjh rS;kjh u gksus vkSj vkËkqfud gfFk;kjksa ds vHkko esa gesa vius vfËkd lSfudksa dk cfynku nsuk iM+kA gesa Ë;ku j[kuk gksxk fd Hkkjr ds eqdkcys phu vius j{kk {ks= esa 4 xquk T;knk [kpZ dj jgk gSA vxj ikfdLrku dk Hkh j{kk ctV blesa tksM+ fy;k tk, rks Hkkjr ds fy, leL;k cM+h gSA ckotwn blds Hkkjr ds lSfud gj dher pqdk dj Hkh ns'k dh j{kk djsx a As dgk tk jgk gS fd orZeku j{kk ea=h us cgqr bZekunkjh ls dke fd;k\ eSa flQZ bruk dguk pkgwx a k fd tc ge fdlh j{kk ea=h dk vkadyu djrs gSa rks flQZ bZekunkjh ds vkËkkj ij ugha fd;k tk ldrkA ;g ns[kuk cgqr t:jh gS fd ns'k dh lqj{kk vkSj lsuk dh {kerk c<+kus ds fy, mlus D;k fd;kA bl vkËkkj ij orZeku j{kk ea=h dgka Bgjrs gS] ;g le>uk eqf'dy ugha gSA

24

;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

esuu cuke ,aVksuh

Hkys ,Mfejy tks'kh us uSfrdrk ds vkËkkj ij bLrhQk fn;k] ij j{kk ea=h ,aVksuh dks vHkh Hkh viuh ftEesnkjh dk vglkl ugha gSA ,-ds- ,aVksuh fiNys 7 lkyksa ls ns'k ds j{kk ea=h gSAa brus yacs dk;Zdky rd jgus okys os ns'k ds igys j{kkea=h gSA muls igys —".k esuu ds uke ;g fjdkMZ ntZ FkkA ;g la;ksx gh gS fd esuu vkSj ,aVksuh ,d gh jkT;] dsjy dk çfrfufËkRo djrs gSAa ,d lekurk vkSj dgh tk ldrh gS] tks cgqr dBksj gSA og ;g fd —".k esuu ds le; phu ds lkFk ;q) ds le; 'keZukd gkj dk lkeuk djuk iM+k vkSj lsuk dk eukscy iwjh rjg VwV x;k FkkA ,aVuh ds le; Hkh lsuk çeq[k ds vk;q fookn] fnYyh ij lsuk dh dwp tSlh >wBh [kcjsa lkeus vkbZAa VkVªk Vªd ?kksVkys esa ,slk igyh ckj lkeus vk;k fd lsuk ds gh ,d vfËkdkjh us lsuk çeq[k dks fj'or nsus dh is'kd'k dhA ;g ekeyk vc U;k;ky; esa gSA nksuksa esa ,d varj ;g gS fd tgka esuu fooknkLin jgs ogha ,aVuh dh Nfo csgn bZekunkj jktusrk dh gSA ij mUgksua s viuh Nfo dks csnkx cuk;s j[kus ds fy, tSls ^dqN Hkh u djus dk jkLrk* pqu fy;kA j{kk ea=h dgrs jgs fd j{kk [kjhn çfØ;k dks ikjn'khZ vkSj fcpkSfy;ksa ls eqDr j[kus ds fy, dBksj fu;e cuk fn, gSAa ij yxkrkj dksf'k'kksa ds ckotwn ns'k dk j{kk ea=ky; ,slh dksbZ ikjn'khZ O;oLFkk ugha cuk ik;k fd ,d Hkh lkSnk fcuk nykyh ds gks ldsA iwoZ mi ok;qlus k çeq[k dfiy dkd bls cgqr [krjukd ekurs gSAa ,;j okbZl ek'kZy dkd dk dguk gS fd ^j{kk ea=h dh ;g ftEesnkjh gS fd og miyCËk lzkrs ksa vkSj lalkËkuksa ds ekË;e ls ns'k dh j{kk t:jrksa dks iwjk djsA ij ,aVuh us [kqn dks vkSj vius ea=ky; dks Hkz"Vkpkj ds vkjksi ls cpkus dh dksf'k'k esa ns'k dh lqj{kk dks rkd ij j[k fn;kA bl fygkt ls os bZekunkj gks ldrs gSa ij j{kk ea=h ds rkSj ij lcls ukdkjk lkfcr gq, gSAa * dkd dh ckr vkadM+kas ds vkbZus esa lp lkfcr gksrh gSA lSU; n`f"V ls fiNyh iapo"khZ; ;kstuk esa j{kk ds {ks= esa fd, tkus okys lkSnksa esa fujarj fxjkoV ntZ dh xbZ gSA tcfd bl chp mldh t:jrsa fujarj c<+rh xbZA j{kk ds {ks= esa Lons'kh rduhd] vuqlËa kku vkSj fodkl ds fygkt ls Hkh dksbZ mYys[kuh; miyfCËk ntZ ugha gks ikbZA vius iwjs dk;Zdky esa j{kk ea=h dgrs jgs fons'kh daifu;ksa ij ls fuHkZjrk ?kVkdj Lons'kh gfFk;kjksa ds fodkl ij cy nsx a As ij Hkkjr dk j{kk vuqlËa kku ,oa fodkl laxBu ;kuh MhvkjMhvks Hkh Ëku dh deh dh otg ls vusd egRoiw.kZ j{kk ifj;kstukvksa dk ijh{k.k yxkrkj Vky jgk gSA gka] MhvkjMhvks us felkby fuekZ.k ds {ks= esa Hkkjr dks dkQh gn rd vkRefuHkZj cuk fn;k gSA vfXu vkSj i`Foh J`[a kyk dh felkbyksa ds ckn vkdk'k vkSj czãksl us Hkkjr dh 'kku c<+kbZ gSA gYds ;q)d foeku rstl ds fodkl us mldh ukd cpkbZA ij ns'k dh j{kk t:jrksa dks ns[krs gq, ;g Å¡V ds eqg¡ esa thjs dh rjg gSA MhvkjMhvks dksbZ u;k VSd a fodflr ugha dj ik;k vkSj vtquZ VSd a ] Vh&72 vkSj Vh&90 dks gh mUur djus esa tqVk gqvk gSA


Fkylsuk dks t:jr  VSd a ksa

ds fy, xksyk&ck:n] vaËksjs esa ns[kus okys midj.k] ,aVh VSd a xkbMsM felkby flLVeA  rksi[kkuk Hkh etcwr gksuk gS] ij cksQkslZ ds 22 lky ckn rd dksbZ ubZ rksi ughaA de otu okyh 400 gksfoRtj rksiksa dk o"kksZa ls bartkjA  2 yk[k dkckZbu vkSj 1500 e'khuxu Hkh pkfg,A  ifjogu o vkiwfrZ ds fy, 197 gSyhdkIVj dk lkSnk vafre le; esa yVdkA vxLrk&osLVySM a ds dkj.k lxsbZ Z dkekso vkSj bjksIVj Qsud s ls djkj VykA

ok;q lsuk esa deh

 126 jkQsy foeku [kjhns tkus gSAa  lq[kksb& Z 30 dk csMk+ Hkh c<+kuk gSA  fejkt-2000 Js.kh ds 49 ;q)d foekuksa dk vkËkqfudhdj.kA  300 ifjogu gSyhdkIVj vkSj 16 cgqmís'kh; gSyhdkIVjA  490 ekbdk felkbyA

ukSlsuk dh njdkj

 6 ubZ iuMqfCc;kaA  xks'kZdksc dk fodYi

ughaA bldh ejEer ds fy, 13000 djksM+ dk [kpZ dh t:jrA  ;q)iksrksa ij cjkd felkbyksa dh dehA  cgqmís'kh; gSyhdkIVj vkSj Vksgh foeku dk vHkkoA  128 , 244 VkjihMks dk p;u gqvk] ij lkSnk yVdkA

,aVuh ds dk;Zdky esa j{kk lkSnksa dh ?kVh la[;k o"kZ 2007&8 2008&9 2009&10 2010&11 2011&12

lkSnksa dh la[;k 84 61 49 50 52

lkai& lh<+h dk [ksy

ekuk ;g tkrk gS fd vkËkqfud ;q) ç.kkyh esa ok;q lsuk dk etcwr gksuk lcls T;knk t:jh gSA ij bl {ks= esa MhvkjMhvks cgqr vkxs ugha c<+ ldkA Hkkjr ;q)d foekuksa dh deh ls tw> jgk gSA fygktk Hkkjr dks gfFk;kjksa dh vkiwfrZ ds ekeys esa fons'kh daifu;ksa ij fuHkZj jguk iM+rk gSA fo'o Hkj esa gfFk;kjksa dk lcls çeq[k dkjksckj gS vkSj Hkkjr gfFk;kjksa dk lcls cM+k [kjhnnkj gSA dkj.k] lqj{kk dh n`f"V ls Hkkjr ds lkeus pqukSfr;ka cs'kqekj gSAa phu vkSj ikfdLrku rks Hkkjr ds fpj çfr}anh vkSj çfrLiËkhZ rks gSa gh] dwVuhfrd foQyrk ds pyrs ckaXykns'k vkSj usiky ls Hkh cgqr lkoËkku jguk iM+rk gSA ,d ckj ;q) esa ekr nsus ds ckn ls phu fujarj viuh rkdr c<+k jgk gS rks ikfdLrku dks Hkh enn ns jgk gSA mlus frCcr ls gksdj Hkkjrh; lhek ds fcydqy ikl rd jsy ykbu fcNkus dk dke yxHkx iwjk dj fy;k gSA vc Xoknj canjxkg rd phu dh lhËkh jsy lsok gS vkSj og dHkh Hkh ikfdLrku ls tqM+ ldrh gSA tcfd Hkkjr dh vksj ls lhek ds ikl rd 14 jsy ykbu fcNkus dk çLrko vHkh flQZ dkxtksa esa gSA buesa ls vfËkdka'k ykbusa iwoksÙZ kj jkT;ksa esa fcNkbZ tkus okyha FkhaA blls lkefjd utfj, ls Hkkjrh; lsuk etcwr gksrh lkFk gh iwoksÙZ kj {ks= dk Hkh fodkl gksrk vkSj ogka ds fuoklh Hkkjr ds lkFk vkSj vfËkd tqMk+ o eglwl djrsA phu ds dCts okys nqxeZ frCcrh {ks= ds eqdkcys Hkkjr dh lhek esa jsy ykbu fcNkus dk dke de tfVy FkkA ij bldh iwjh rjg ls vuns[kh dh xbZA tks phu Hkkjr ds v#.kkpy çns'k ij viuk vfËkdkj trkrk gS] ml v#.kkpy çns'k ds lhekar {ks= esa Hkh lSU; vkSj cqfu;knh lqfoËkkvksa dk Hkh"k.k vHkko cuk gqvk gSA iwoksÙZ kj {ks= dh 7 gokbZ ifê;ksa & ifj?kkV] espd q k] osykax] VwfVax] thjks] ,ykax vkSj fot; uxj dks ok;qlus k dk ;q)d foeku mrjus yk;d cukus dh 1750 djksM+ #i, dh ifj;kstuk 5 o"kZ ckn Hkh 30 çfr'kr rd gh iwjh gks ik;h gSA ;kstukvksa ds iwjk gksus esa gks jgh nsjh vkSj cgqr t:jh gfFk;kjksa vkSj xksyk ck:n ds fy, lsuk çeq[kksa }kjk [kpZ dk nk;jk c<+kus ij Hkh lgefr cuhA 50 djksM+ :i, ls c<+kdj 75 djksM+ :i, rd [kpZ djus dk vfËkdkj lsuk çeq[k dks fn;k x;kA ij blls Hkh ckr ugha cuhA D;ksfa d chp esa j{kk lfpo vkSj iwjh ukSdj'kkgh vk tkrh gSA lhekUr {ks= ds nqxeZ bykdksa esa gfFk;kj dh vkiwfrZ djus ds fy, ftl eYVh ,Dly Vªd dh t:jr Fkh] VkVªk lkSnk jí gksus dh otg ls [kVkbZ esa iM+ x;kA lsuk ds rhuksa vaxksa dks vyx&vyx çdkj ds yxHkx 700 gSfydkIVjksa dh l[r t:jr gS rkfd vko';drkuqlkj lhek ij jln vkSj lg;ksx igqp a ldsA ij bldh Qkby Hkh lsuk Hkou vkSj j{kk ea=ky; ds chp ?kwerh jgrh gSA iwoZ lsuk çeq[k tujy oh-ds-flag bl iwjh fLFkfr dks lkai&lh<+h dk [ksy crkrs gSAa tujy flag lsuk ds vusd çeq[k inksa ij jgrs gq, mlds vkËkqfudhdj.k ds fy, yxkrkj ç;kl djrs jgsA bl nkSjku dbZ j{kk lkSnksa dks vafre :i fn;k x;kA ij j{kk ea=ky; esa ?kqls fcpkSfy;ksa ds dkj.k lkSns jí gks x,A tujy flag bl fLFkfr ij dgrs gSa fd ^;gka lkai rks cgqr gS]a ij lh<+h ugha gSA* tujy flag dh ckr vxj lgh gS rks fLFkfr vkSj Hkh fparktud gSA lkQ gS fd j{kk ea=h ,aVuh us vius dk;Zdky esa lsuk dks etcwr ugha cfYd lSfudksa ds eukscy dks Hkh detksj fd;k gSA ¢ ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

25


[kkst&[kcj

,uMhVhoh dk QthZokM+k ftrsUnz prqosZnh

Þ,uMhVhoh

,uMhVhoh ds dkys dkjukeksa dk dPpk fpV~Bk Mhvkjih ds lkeus [kqy x;kA blus ljdkj ls rdjhcu 900 djksM+ #i, dh vk; dks Nqik;k FkkA ,uMhVhoh us ;g QthZokM+k viuh lfClMjh daiuh ds tfj, fd;kA

us ljdkjh [ktkus dks uqdlku igqp a k;k gSAß ,dckjxh ;g ckr xys ugha mrjrh gSA ysfdu lM+d pyrs fdlh vkneh us ;g vkjksi ugha yxk;k gS] cfYd xgjh Nkuchu ds ckn vk;dj vfËkdkjh lat; JhokLro us ;g nkok fd;k FkkA mudk nkok Fkk fd Þvius lkykuk cgh&[kkrs esa daiuh us okLrfod vk; dks ugha fn[kk;kAß bl vkjksi dks fookn fuokj.k iSuy ¼Mhvkjih½ us lgh ik;k gSA njvly Mhvkjih vk;dj foHkkx dk v)ZU;kf;d laxBu gSA ;g dj fookn ls lacfa Ëkr ekeyksa dks lqy>krk gSA blds eqrkfcd ,uMhVhoh us rdjhcu 900 djksM+ #i, ds ckjs esa ljdkj dks tkudkjh ugha nhA lat; JhokLro ds odhy ,lds- xqIrk dgrs gSa fd Mhvkjih esa bl ekeys dh lquokbZ ,uMhVhoh dh vihy ij 'kq: gqbZ FkhA ekpZ 2013 esa fnYyh mPp U;k;ky; us ,d vkns'k fn;k fd lat; JhokLro ds fy[ks nLrkost dks lk{; u ekuk tk,A otg Fkh ,d esfMdy fjiksVAZ ml fjiksVZ ds eqrkfcd lat; dk ekufld lary q u Bhd ugha gSA blds ckn lat; dh tkap iM+rky dks csdkj eku fy;k x;kA blls iwjk ekeyk BaMs cLrs esa pyk x;kA

26

;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

ij vugksuh gqbAZ tn&;w ds lkaln dSIVu t; ukjk;.k fu"kkn] mPpre U;k;ky; ds vfËkoäk ihlh- JhokLro] ,pihflag] lq'khy ;kno vkSj vkjVhvkbZ dk;ZdrkZ d'ehj flag usgjk us ,uMhVhoh ds f[kykQ f'kdk;r dhA fQj ;g ekeyk vkxs c<+kA bu yksxksa us ,uMhVhoh ds dkys dkjukeksa ds dbZ lk{; Hkh vk;dj foHkkx dks fn,A bls vkËkkj cukdj fuËkkZj.k vfËkdkjh us ,uMhVhoh ds ikl uksfVl Hkstk] ftlesa ,uMhVhoh vkSj mldh lfClMjh daiuh ds ckjs esa tkudkjh ekaxh xbZ FkhA ,lds-xqIrk ds vuqlkj bl uksfVl dks rduhdh Hkk"kk esa Mk¶Vª ,lsLesVa v‚MZj dgrs gSAa blh ds f[kykQ ,uMhVhoh us Mhvkjih esa vihy dh FkhA Mhvkjih us ,uMhVhoh dh vihy ij fopkj djus dk fu.kZ; fy;kA mlus dj fuËkkZj.k vfËkdkjh ls viuh fjiksVZ tek djus dks dgkA fjiksVZ ds eqrkfcd iwjs fookn dh tM+ ,uMhVhoh vkSj vesfjdh daiuh ,uchlh;w ds chp gqvk QthZ ysu&nsu gSA ,uchlh;w us ,uMhVhoh dh fczVus fLFkfr lfClMjh daiuh ,uMhVhoh usVodZ ihlh,y ¼,u,uihlh,y½ dk 26 çfr'kr 'ks;j


,u,uvkbZ,p ls [kjhnkA blds fy, ,uchlh;w us 642-5 djksM+ #i, pqdk,A dj fuËkkZj.k vfËkdkjh dh fjiksVZ ds vuqlkj ,u,uihlh,y dh dqy iwt a h 40 yk[k #i, FkhA bl fglkc ls çfr 'ks;j dh dher 40&50 #i, gqb]Z ysfdu ,uch,l;w us daiuh ds çR;sd 'ks;j dks 701505 #i, esa [kjhnkA ;g 'ks;j ,uchlh;w us 2008&09 esa [kjhnk FkkA lky Hkj ckn 2009&10 esa ,uMhVhoh dh uhnjyS.M fLFkfr lfClMjh daiuh us ogh 'ks;j 58 djksM+ #i, esa [kjhn fy;kA bl ysu&nsu dk ,uMhVhoh us vius lkykuk cgh&[kkrs esa ftØ ugha fd;k] tcfd ns'k ds ckgj fLFkfr lHkh lfClMjh daiuh ij mldk gh ekfydkuk gd gSA fjiksVZ ds eqrkfcd ,u,uihlh,y ds 'ks;j dk Lora= laLFkk ls ewY;kadu ugha djk;k x;k FkkA nwljh ckr ;g fd 'ks;jksa dh [kjhn vkSj fcØh ds ihNs dksbZ O;kolkf;d mís'; ugha FkkA blls ;g çekf.kr gksrk gS fd ,uMhVhoh us ,uchlh;w ds lkFk feydj QthZ ysu& s nsu fd;k gSA ,uMhVhoh us dj fuËkkZj.k vfËkdkjh dh fjiksVZ dks [kkfjt dj fn;kA Mhvkjih ds lkeus viuk i{k j[krs gq, daiuh us dgk fd mlds vkSj ,uchlh;w ds chp ysu&nsu dkuwuh :i ls lgh gSA ,uMhVhoh us ,uchlh;w dh lkykuk fjiksVZ dks ¼2008&2010½ Mhvkjih ds lekus crkSj lk{; j[kkA ;g fjiksVZ ,uchlh;w us vesfjdh lsD;wfjVh ,Dlpst a deh'ku dks nh FkhA blh rjg ,uMhVhoh us ,u,uvkbZ,p ds cSd a [kkrs dh d‚ih crkSj lcwr Mhvkjih dks nhA ,uMhVhoh us dgk fd lkjk ysu&nsu cSdksa ds tfj, gqvkA bldk iwjk C;kSjk lacfa Ëkr daifu;ksa ds cgh&[kkrs esa ntZ gSA daiuh ds vuqlkj ,u,uvkbZ,p vkSj ,uchlh;w ds chp 'ks;jksa dh tks [kjhn&fcØh gqbZ gS] mldk ekfydkuk gd ,uMhVhoh bafM;k fyfeVsM ds ikl ugha gSA blfy, bldk ftØ lkykuk cgh&[kkrs esa ugha fd;k x;kA ,uMhVhoh ds eqrkfcd tgka rd 'ks;jksa ds ewY; dh ckr gS rks og Hkfo"; ds vkdyu ij vkËkkfjr FkkA daiuh dk dguk gS fd ftl le; lkSnk gqvk Fkk] ml nkSjku Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkk rsth ls vkxs c<+ jgh FkhA vc pwfa d gekjk dke gh Þlius cspusß dk gS rks ml nkSj esa geus cspkA gkykafd ckn esa Þliusß VwV x,A blfy, fuos'kd us ¼,uchlh;w½ de nke ij gh 'ks;j ,uMhVhoh dh lfClMjh daiuh dks csp fn;kA nksuksa i{kksa dh iwjh nyhy lquus ds ckn Mhvkjih us dgk fd bl ekeys dks oSf'od ifjçs{; esa ns[kuk gksxkA Mhvkjih us reke jk"Vªh; vkSj varjjk"Vªh; dkuwuksa dk gokyk nsrs gq, ,uMhVhoh ds rdksZa dks [kkfjt dj fn;kA Mhvkjih us dgk fd ,uMhVhoh us varjjk"Vªh; dkuwu chbZih,l dk mYya?ku fd;k gSA tgka rd jk"Vªh; dkuwu dh ckr gS rks lhËks rkSj ij fons'kh fofue;u çcaËku dkuwu vkSj vkjchvkbZ ds ldqy Z j dh vogsyuk gqbZ gSA Mhvkjih ds vuqlkj bl ysu&nsu dks lkekU; ugha ekuk tk ldrk gS] D;ksfa d bl ckcr ,uchlh;w dh vksj ls vHkh rd dksbZ Li"Vhdj.k ugha vk;k gSA nwljh ckr] ;g LFkkfir dkuwu gS fd ;fn fdlh ysu&nsu dk dksbZ vkfFkZd mís'; u gks vkSj og flQZ dj ls cpus ds fy, fd;k x;k gks rks mls QthZokM+k gh dgk tkrk gSA

^^fnYyh mPp U;k;ky; ds bl loky ds ckn ,uMhVhoh dh gkyr [kjkc gks xbZA og Mj xbZ fd dgha mldk QthZokM+k U;k;ky; ds lkeus u vk tk,A blfy, ,uMhVhoh us viuh ;kfpdk okil ys yhA** &,lds xqIrk] lat; JhokLro ds odhy

Mhvkjih dk dguk gS fd ,uMhVhoh vkSj mldh lfClMjh daiuh ds lanHkZ esa tks nLrkost dj fuËkkZj.k vfËkdkjh us fn;k gS] og ,uMhVhoh dks nks"kh Bgjkrk gSA og vkxs dgrk gS fd ,uMhVhoh us rhu QthZ ysu&nsu fd, gSAa ,d dh ppkZ ge Åij dj pqds gSAa nwljk] ,u,uihlh,y us ^LVsi vi dwiu* ds tfj, 100 fefy;u M‚yj dh mxkgh cktkj ls dh] ysfdu fuos'kd ds ckjs esa dksbZ tkudkjh ugha gSA rhljk xSj&xkjaVh'kqnk yksu dk ekeyk gSA ,uMhVhoh us viuh lfClMjh daiuh ,u,uihlh,y ds tfj, 365-25 djksM+ #i, cSd a ls fy,A Mhvkjih ds eqrkfcd 2009&10 dh lkykuk fjiksVZ esa ,uMhVhoh us rdjhcu 900 djksM+ #i, dh vk; NqikbZ gSA ftl ij mfpr dkjZokbZ djus dk vkns'k dj fuËkkZj.k vfËkdkjh dks fn;k x;k gSA lat; JhokLro ds odhy ,lds-xqIrk dgrs gaS fd ,uMhVhoh ds QthZokM+s dks ckgj ykus ds fy, geus cgqr la?k"kZ fd;kA bldk urhtk lcds lkeus gSA gka] ;g ckr vyx gS fd ,uMhVhoh Mhvkjih ds fu.kZ; dks vk;dj vihyh; vfËkdj.k esa ysdj tk,xk] ij bruk r; gS fd vk;dj foHkkx ,uMhVhoh ds fo:) dkjZokbZ dj jgk gSA os vkxs dgrs gSa fd ,uMhVhoh ds QthZokM+s esa lqeuk lsu vkSj vkf'kek usx Hkh 'kkfey FkhaA blfy, muds f[kykQ Hkh dkjZokbZ gksuh pkfg,] ysfdu vHkh rd dqN gksrk utj ugha vk jgk gSA 'kk;n bldh otg 'kh"kZ yksxksa ls feyus okyk laj{k.k gSA ,lds-xqIrk dh ekusa rks bu nksuksa efgykvksa us lat; dh gh rjg muds Åij Hkh ;kSu mRihM+u dk vkjksi yxk;k FkkA os nksuksa viuh f'kdk;r ysdj fnYyh efgyk vk;ksx xbZa FkhA gkykafd dSV ckj ,lksfl,'ku ds gLr{ksi ds ckn nksuksa efgykvksa us viuk vkjksi okil ys fy;kA os crkrs gSa fd tc ,uMhVhoh ds QthZokM+s dk eqík Mhvkjih ds lkeus x;k rks lat; us viuk i{k j[kus ds fy, Mhvkjih esa ;kfpdk nk;j dhA Mhvkjih us lat; dh ;kfpdk ij fopkj djus dk fu.kZ; fy;kA lkFk gh lat; us ,uMhVhoh ds f[kykQ tks lk{; ,d= fd, Fks] mldh lR;rk dh tkap&iM+rky djus dk vkns'k ,lsflax vfËkdkjh dks fn;kA ,uMhVhoh us lat; dks ,d i{kdkj cuk, tkus ij ,srjkt trk;kA lkFk gh Mhvkjih ds fu.kZ; ds f[kykQ fnYyh mPp U;k;ky; esa ;kfpdk nk;j dhA ;kfpdk dh lquokbZ djrs gq, fnYyh mPp U;k;ky; us ,uMhVhoh ls viuk i{k j[kus ds fy, dgkA mPp U;k;ky; us dgk fd vki fl) djsa fd tks lk{; lat; JhokLro us Mhvkjih ds lkeus j[ks gS]a os lgh ugha gSAa ,lds- xqIrk dgrs gSa fd fnYyh mPp U;k;ky; ds bl loky ds ckn ,uMhVhoh dh gkyr [kjkc gks xbZA og Mj xbZ fd dgha mldk QthZokM+k U;k;ky; ds lkeus u vk tk,A blfy, ,uMhVhoh us viuh ;kfpdk okil ys yhA ¢ ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

27


lgkjk

?ksjs esa ^lqczr jk;* ehrw dqekjh

lgkjk dk jlw[k Ëkjk dk Ëkjk jg x;kA ,d vfËkdkjh dh bZekunkjh muds jlw[k ij Hkkjh iM+ xbZA varr% 4 ekpZ dks lqczr jk; dks lqçhe dksVZ esa gkftj gksuk iM+kA dbZ ,sls loky gSa] ftldk tokc mUgsa dksVZ esa nsuk gSA

28

;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

ml 'kkunkj t'u esa 175 lkaln vkSj 120 cM+s ukSdj'kkg 'kkfey gq, FksA lgkjk lewg ds

losl Z okZ lqcrz jk; us ml t'u dk vk;kstu fd;k FkkA volj mudh iksrh ds vUuçk'ku dk FkkA v'kksdk gksVy esa 20 ekpZ] 2013 dks vk;ksftr ml t'u dh rLohj fgUnh vkSj vaxt sz h ds dbZ nSfud v[kcjksa esa iwjs iUus ij Nih FkhA mls ns[kdj dksbZ Hkh lqcrz jk; dh igqp a dk vanktk yxk ldrk FkkA rLohj çdkf'kr dj laHkor% os ;gh fn[kkuk Hkh pkg jgs gksx a As vkSj ;gh otg jgh gksxh fd mUgksua s lqçhe dksVZ rd dks egRo nsuk t:jh ugha le>kA rHkh lqçhe dksVZ dh uksfVl dk muij dksbZ çHkko ugha iM+ jgk FkkA vkf[kjdkj dksVZ us muds f[kykQ xSj tekurh okjaV tkjh dj fn;kA dksVZ dh l[rh ds vkxs mudk #rck Ëkjk dk Ëkjk jg x;k gSA y[kuÅ iqfyl us 4 ekpZ dks mUgsa lqçhe dksVZ esa is'k fd;kA ogka lqcrz jk; us gkFk tksMd + j ekaQh ekaxhA ysfdu] rc rd dkQh nsj gks pqdh FkhA tt ds-,l- jkËkk—".ku dh ihB muds fdlh cgdkos esa ugha vkbZA dksVZ mUgsa oSdfYid :i ls ifjorZuh; fMcsp a lZ dh vksj ls tqVk, 20]000 djksM+ #i, dks 15 Qhln C;kt ds lkFk ykSVkus dh Bksl ;kstuk crkus dks dg jgh gSA C;kt ds lkFk ;g jkf'k 34]000 djksM+ #i, cSBrh gSA bl ckcr tc rd lgkjk lewg Bksl çLrko is'k ugha djrh gS] rc rd lqcrz jk; vkSj mudh daifu;ksa ds nks funs'kd jfo'kadj nqcs vkSj v'kksd jk; pkSËkjh U;kf;d fgjklr esa gh jgsx a As vc vius nksuksa lg;ksfx;ksa ds lkFk lqcrz jk; frgkM+ tsy esa gSAa lgkjk lewg us fuos'kdksa ls ;g Ëku lgkjk bafM;k fj;y LVsV d‚jiksj's ku ¼,lvkbZvkjbZlh½ vkSj lgkjk gkmflax bUosLVesVa d‚jiksj's ku ¼,l,pvkbZlh½ ds tfj, tqVk, FksA dksVZ us daiuh dh rhljh efgyk funs'kd oanuk HkkxZo dks fgjklr ls jkgr flQZ bl funs'Z k ds lkFk fn;k gS fd os jk; vkSj vU; nks funs'kdksa ls ckrphr fd, fcuk ,d Bksl çLrko is'k djsAa Lej.k jgs fd lky 2012 esa lqçhe dksVZ us lgkjk lewg dks vius 30 yk[k fuos'kdksa dks 24]000 djksM+ #i, dk Hkqxrku djus dk vkns'k fn;k FkkA lgkjk lewg dk dguk gS fd mlus T;knkrj jkf'k dk Hkqxrku dj fn;k gSA cdk;k jkf'k 5000 djksM+ #i, ls Hkh de gS] ftls mlus lsch ds ikl tek djk fn;k gSA ijarq lgkjk us ;g jkf'k vius fuos'kdksa dks dSls ykSVkbZ\ bl loky dk tokc mlus dksVZ esa Li"V :i ls ugha fn;kA blds ckn gh dksVZ us funs'Z k fn;k fd og psd vFkok fMekaM Mªk¶V ds tfj, fuos'kdksa dks iSls ykSVk,A lqcrz jk; ds frgkM+ esa rhu fnu jgus ds ckn lgkjk lewg us lkr ekpZ dks lqçhe dksVZ esa fuos'kdksa ds iSls ykSVkus dk ,d çLrko is'k fd;k] ftls dksVZ us ^viekutud* crkrs gq, [kkfjt dj fn;k gSA vius çLrko esa lgkjk us vnkyr ls fuos'kdksa dh 2]500 djksM+ #i, dh çkjafHkd jkf'k rhu


fnuksa esa vkSj 'ks"k jkf'k çR;sd rhu eghus ds varjky ij fdLrksa esa tek djus dk Hkjkslk fn;k FkkA dksVZ us bl çLrko dks csbeZ kuh okyk çLrko crk;k gSA lgkjk lewg dh vksj ls vius fuos'kdksa ls iSls Qkalus dh dgkuh bl çdkj gSA lky 2002&03 esa lgkjk mijksDr nksuksa daifu;ksa us ^lgkjk flVh gkse* dk çk:i cuk;kA og ^Lo.kZ* vkSj ^jtr* ;kstuk ysdj vkbZA yxHkx lHkh v[kckjksa esa bfLrgkj fn;k fd ns'k ds 217 'kgjksa esa yksxksa dks viuk ?kj fn;k tk,xkA bl dke ds fy, lgkjk us ns'kHkj esa vius ,tsVa ksa dk tky QSyk;kA QaM ,df=r fd;kA lky&nj&lky chrrs x,] ijarq ?kj cukus dh ;kstuk dkxtksa ls tehu ij ugha mrjhA lky 2010 esa lgkjk us cktkj ls iSlk mxkgh djus dh ;kstuk cukbZA mldh ^lgkjk çkbe flVh* uke dh daiuh us 'ks;j cktkj ls iSls tqVkus ds fy, vkbZihvks fudkyk vkSj fuos'kdksa dk fo'okl ftrus ds fy, çksLisDVl esa fy[kk fd lewg dh nks vU; daifu;ka fMcsp a j ds tfj, turk ls lSdM+kas djksM+ #i, tqVk jgh gSA bl ij lsch dh –f"V iM+hA vkf[kj dkSu lh daifu;ka iSlk tqVk jgh gS]a ftudk lsch dks gh irk ugha\ bl ckcr lsch us uoacj 2010 esa

ftlus lgkjk dks fd;k csudkc ds,e vczkge gh os vfËkdkjh gSa ftUgksua s lgkjk lewg dh daifu;ksa dh vkfFkZd vfu;ferrk dks csudkc fd;k vkSj lqcrz j‚; dks frgkM+ igqp a k;kA 30 fnlacj] 1957 dks dsjy esa tUes vczkge 1982 cSp ds dsjy dSMj ds vkbZ,,l vfËkdkjh gSAa os 2008 esa lsch ls tqMs+ vkSj 2011 rd mlds iw.kZdkfyd funs'kd jgsA gkykafd ds,e vczkge ds uke ls mÙkj Hkkjr ds yksx T;knk ifjfpr ugha gS ijarq mUgksua s ;gka ds,e vczkge ds yk[kksa xjhcksa vkSj NksVs fuos'kdksa ds 24 gtkj djksM+ #i, Mwcus ls cpkus ds ç;kl esa egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk vnk dh gSA lgkjk vkSj fjyk;al tSls cM+s vkS|kSfxd ?kjkuksa ij gkFk Mkykuk vklku ugha FkkA vczkge dks Hkh gj rjg dh ËkkSl a vkSj yksHk fn, x,A ijarq mUgksua s yk[kksa fuos'kdksa ds fgr dks loksiZ fj ekukA mu ij ncko fdl gn rd Fkk bldk vanktk çËkkuea=h dks fy[ks muds i= ls Hkh gksrkA 1 twu] 2011 dks çËkkuea=h dks fy[ks i= esa mUgksua s vius vkSj vius ifjokj dh lqj{kk dh ekax dh FkhA lkFk gh lsch tSlh laLFkk esa jktuhfrd gLr{ksi ij fujk'kk trkbZ FkhA mUgksua s fy[kk Fkk fd rRdkyhu foÙk ea=h ç.kc eq[kthZ vkSj mudh lykgdkj vksferk i‚y mu ij lgkjk vkSj fjyk;al ds ekeys dk fuiVkjk djus dk ncko cuk jgs gSAa mUgksua s fy[kk Fkk fd m|ksxifr vius jktuhfrd jlw[k dk cstk Qk;nk mBk dj muds dke esa ckËkk Mky jgs gaAS vczkge us viuh tkap esa lkQ dj fn;k fd lgkjk dh daifu;ksa esa d‚jiksjVs xousl Za dh deh gSA lgkjk lewg dh nks daifu;ksa ,lvkbZvkjbZlh vkSj ,l,pvkbZlh cktkj ls djhc 40]000 djksM+ tqVkus dk ç;kl dj jgh Fkh vkSj nksuksa daifu;ksa ds ikl vius fuos'kdksa dh iq[rk lwph Hkh ugha FkhA mUgksua s viuh tkap esa ik;k fd lgkjk dh nks daifu;ka fuos'kdksa dh fgrksa ds fy, lsch }kjk tkjh fu;eksa dk Hkh ikyu ugha dj jgs gSAa vczkge us lsch ls vius rcknys ls iwoZ lgkjk lewg dh daifu;ksa dh rkcwr esa vkf[kjh dhy Bksd nh FkhA mUgksua s lgkjk ds f[kykQ brus iq[rs lcwr vkSj rF; bdës fd, fd yk[k dksf'k'kksa ds ckotwn lgkjk ds odhy flD;wfjVht vihysV fVªC;wuy vkSj lqçhe dksVZ rd esa mldk dksbZ dkV çLrqr ugha dj ik,A urhtru lqcrz j‚; ds f[kykQ f'kadtk dlrk x;k vkSj os lyk[kksa ds ihNs gSAa

lgkjk ij ,sls dlk f'kdatk

uoacj] 2010% lsch us lgkjk dh izkbe flVh ;kstuk dks [kkfjt dj fn;kA nksuksa daifu;ksa ¼,l,pvkbZlh,y vkSj ,lvkbZvkjbZlh,y½dks iwt a h cktkj esa mrjus ls euk fd;kA fnlacj] 2010% ,lvkbZvkjbZlh,y dh ;kfpdk ij bykgkckn gkbZdksVZ us lsch ds vkns'k ij jksd yxk nhA tuojh] 2011% lsch lqçhe dksVZ igqp a kA dksVZ us lsch ds fu.kZ; dks lgh Bgjk;kA twu] 2011% lsch us nksuksa daifu;ksa dks vks,QlhMh ds tfj, yh xbZ jkf'k fuos'kdksa dks ykSVkus dk vkns'k fn;kA vDVwcj] 2012% lgkjk us eqca bZ fLFkr lsch ds n¶rj esa 127 Vªdksa ls fuos'kdksa ds nLrkost HkstAs Qjojh] 2013% lqçhe dksVZ dk vkns'k u ekuus ij lsch us lqcrz jk; vkSj muds vfËkdkfj;ksa ds cSd a [kkrs tCr djus ds vkns'k fn,A tuojh] 2014% lgkjk us nkok fd;k fd mlus 22]285 djksM+ #i, fuos'kdksa dks ykSVk fn, gSAa bl ij dksVZ us dgk fd budk Lkzkrs crk,a ;k tkap dk lkeuk djsAa Qjojh] 2014% lqçhe dksVZ us jk; dks vkns'k fn;k fd os vius funs'kdksa ds lkFk 26 Qjojh ls igys dksVZ esa is'k gksAa ysfdu jk; is'k ugha gq,A bldk dkj.k eka dh chekjh dks crk;kA dksVZ us mudh vihy [kkfjt dj xSj&tekurh okjaV tkjh fd;kA

vkns'k tkjh fd;k fd ,lvkbvkjbZlh vkSj ,l,pvkbZlh iSlk tqVkuk can djsAa rc lgkjk us dgk fd ge iSlk turk ls ugha] cfYd vius ifjokj ls tqVk jgs gSAa lsch us dM+k #[k vf[r;kj djrs gq, dgk fd yk[kksa fuos'kdksa dk lgkjk ifjokj dSls gks ldrk gS] ;s rks turk gSA rc lsch ds iw.kZdkfyd funs'kd dsjy dSMj ds vkbZ,,l vfËkdkjh ds,e- vczkge FksA vczkge us lgkjk dh bu daifu;ksa ds f[kykQ tkap 'kq: dj nhA gkykafd] rc lgkjk lewg bykgkckn gkbZ dksVZ ls LVs ysus esa lQy jgk FkkA fQj lsch bl ekeys dks lqçhe dksVZ ysdj xbZA ogka rkjh[k ij rkjh[k iM+rh jgh] ysfdu vczkge dh rgdhdkr tkjh jghA viuh rgdhdkr esa mUgksua s ik;k fd lgkjk lewg ds ikl vius lHkh fuos'kdksa dk uke vkSj irk dk C;kSjk rd ugha gSA lewg dh nksuksa daifu;ka 40]000 djksM+ #i, tqVkus ds ç;kl esa djhc 24]000 djksM+ #i, tqVk pqdh gSAa bl tkap ds nkSjku vczkge ij dbZ ncko vk,A mudk lsch ls rcknyk gks x;k] ysfdu tkus ls igys mUgksua s lgkjk ds f[kykQ vnkyr esa dsl iq[rk dj fn;kA vc loky iSlk ugha gS] cfYd fuos'kdksa dk gSA vkf[kj fuos'kd dkSu gSa vkSj dgka ga\S fuos'kd gSa Hkh ;k ugha\ ;fn ugha gSa rks fQj ;s gtkjksa djksM+ #i, fdlds gS\a vc v'kksdk gksVy ds t'u esa 'kkfey gksus okys jktusrk vkSj ukSdj'kkg pkg dj Hkh lqcrz jk; dks bl ladV ls Åckjus esa lQy ugha gks ik jgs gSAa ¢ ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

29


vki

vki dk iki v:.k vxzoky

Þvius LokFkZ dks iwjk djus ds fy, vjfoan dstjhoky us Hkz"Vkpkj ds eqís ij ns'k dh turk dks xqejkg fd;k gSA mudk y{; Hkz"Vkpkj dks [kRe djuk ugha gSA mUgksaus rks dsoy pqukoh Qk;ns ds fy, bls eqík cuk;k gSAß

tuyksdiky vkanksyu ls mHkjs vjfoan dstjhoky ^lp* dh ckr djrs gSAa Hkz"Vkpkj eqDr Hkkjr dh odkyr djrs gSAa

muds pquko ?kks"k.kk&i= esa fy[kk gS& Þu [kks[kys nkos] u >wBs oknsA lp dh jktuhfr] Lojkt dk ladYiAß ysfdu] ;s ckrsa flQZ ?kks"k.kk&i= rd gh lhfer gSAa mUgksua s fnYyh dh turk dks Bxus ds fy, >wB cksykA mls ?kwl fn;k] rkfd dstjhoky dh ikVhZ dks turk oksV nsA lgh ek;us esa fdlh Hkh jktuhfrd ny us ,slh fj'or ernkrkvksa dks ugha nh gksxhA ckr 60]000 gtkj #i, dh gS] tks dstjhoky us crkSj fj'or fnYyh ds ernkrkvksa dks fn;k gSA lcls cM+h ckr rks ;g gS fd ;g fj'or fdlh d‚jiksjVs ?kjkus us ugha nh gS] cfYd bls ljdkjh [ktkus ls fn;k x;k gSA dstjhoky us vius pqukoh ?kks"k.kk&i= esa fnYyh dh turk ls oknk fd;k Fkk fd os fctyh ds nkeksa esa 50 çfr'kr dh deh djsx a As mUgksua s turk ls dgk Fkk fd fctyh ds nke Hkz"Vkpkj dh otg ls c<+s gSAa blfy, os ljdkj cukrs gh rhu dke djsx a As igyk ;g fd fctyh daifu;ksa dh v‚fMfVax djk,axAs nwljh ckr& vfËkd fctyh ds fcyksa dh tkap djk,axAs rhljh ckr& fctyh ds fcyksa dh tkap Lora= ,tsl a h ls djk,axAs ;fn dksbZ fctyh forj.k daiuh v‚fMfVax ls budkj djrh gS rks mldk ykblsl a jí dj fn;k tk,xkA muds oknksa ds eqrkfcd tks ernkrk 2]000 #i, çfr ekg fctyh dk fcy vnk djrk gS] mUgsa 50 çfr'kr de vFkkZr 1000 #i, rd gh fcy dk Hkqxrku djuk gksxkA bl rjg mUgsa lky Hkj esa 12]000 #i, dk ykHk gksxk vkSj ikap lkyksa esa 60]000 #i, dk ykHk feysxkA

30

;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014


dstjhoky us ;g Hkh dgk Fkk fd orZeku esa tks fctyh ds fcy vk jgs gS]a og 'khyk nhf{kr ljdkj dh nsu gSA mUgksua s dgk fd ljdkj vkSj fctyh daifu;ka feydj ;g ?kkyesy dj jgh gSAa os turk ls vihy djrs gSa fd fctyh dk fcy u pqdk,aA ;fn forj.k daifu;ka fctyh dh vkiwfrZ can djrh gSa rks os [kqn dusD'ku tksM+ ysAa dstjhoky us nksckjk dusD'ku tksMu+ s dk tks ea= turk dks fn;k Fkk] mls mUgksua s turk ds lkeus [kqn fd;kA fctyh ds [kaHks ij p<+s vkSj dusD'ku tksMk+ A bls ehfM;k us Hkh [kwc doj fd;kA vkf[kj ,sls O;fDr dks ernkrk xyr dSls eku ysrk\ ernkrk bl ckr dks dSls lksp ldrk Fkk fd vjfoan dstjhoky muls >wBs okns dj jgs gSAa ysfdu] blesa nks&jk; ugha gS fd dstjhoky dk 50 çfr'kr dh nj ij fctyh nsus dk oknk >wBk FkkA bl lanHkZ esa ;g le>uk Hkh t:jh gS fd os dSls yksxksa dks >kalk nsus dk dke dj jgs FksA njvly] rhuksa fctyh forj.k daifu;ka fctyh dh [kjhnnkjh ljdkjh daifu;ksa ls djrh gSAa bu daifu;ksa dh v‚fMfVax Hkkjr dk fu;a=d vkSj egkys[kk ijh{kd ¼lh,th½ djrk gSA lhbZvkjlh vkSj MhbZvkjlh buds dkedkt ij ckjhd utj j[krk gSA ;g rF; gS fd fctyh forj.k daifu;ka vius dqy vk; dk 80 çfr'kr fctyh dh [kjhn vkSj mlds forj.k ds fy, fctyh iSnk djus okyh daifu;ksa dks ns nsrh gSA fctyh iSnk djus okyh daifu;ka ljdkjh gSAa ;gh lcls de nke ij fctyh eqg;S k djkus okyk lzkrs Hkh gSA vc ;fn fctyh dh [kjhnnkjh dh ykxr gh 80 çfr'kr gS rks fQj fctyh ds nke dks 50 çfr'kr de dSls fd;k tk ldrk gSA blds vykok mUgksua s tks vU; nks okns fd, Fks] og çR;sd miHkksDrk dk vfËkdkj gSA ;g lHkh miHkksDrk ij ykxw ugha gksrkA oSls ;gka ij lcls cM+k eqík fctyh dh ykxr gSA ftls fctusl LVSVa M Z esa Nis ys[k ls le>k tk ldrk gSA bldk lkj ;g gS fd fctyh forj.k daifu;ksa dk 80 çfr'kr fctyh [kjhnus esa gh [kpZ gks tkrk gSA ch,lbZ,l jktËkkuh tSlh daifu;ka ,uVhihlh ls 2003 esa 1-42 #i, çfr ;wfuV dh nj ls fctyh [kjhnrh FkhA bldh dher 2013 esa c<+dj 5-71 #i, çfr ;wfuV gks xbZA vc ;fn ch,lbZ,l dks fctyh 5-71 #i, çfr ;wfuV dh nj ls [kjhnuh iM+ jgh gS] mls 200 ;wfuV rd [kpZ djus okys dks 3-90 #i, dh nj ls fctyh nsuh iM+ jgh gSA blls rks xM+cM+h iSnk gksxh gh] D;ksfa d 5-80 #i, çfr ;wfuV dh nj ls og nke rHkh ys ldrk gS] tc ehVj dh jhfMax 412 ;wfuV dks ikj dj tk,A ,slh n'kk esa ehVj dh j¶rkj c<+kus dk ç;kl fctyh daifu;ka djrh gSa rkfd og 412 ;wfuV ikj dj tk,A

vjfoan dstjhoky us fnYyh dk eq[;ea=h cuus ds fy, xyr lkËkuksa dk ç;ksx fd;kA turk dks ?kwl nsus dk t?kU; vijkËk fd;kA D;k flQZ ?kwl ysuk gh Hkz"Vkpkj gS\ D;k ?kwl nsuk Hkz"Vkpkj ugha gSA

vc le>us okyh ckr ;g gS fd ,d ,slk O;fDr ¼vjfoan dstjhoky½ tks vkbZvkbZVh dk Nk= vkSj vk;dj vfËkdkjh jg pqdk gS] og ;fn bl rjg ds >wBs okns djrk gS rks D;k og {kek djus yk;d gS\ bl iafDr ds ys[kd dh jk; gS fd fcYdqy ughaA vjfoan us pqukoh ?kks"k.kk i= esa fctyh ds nke de djus dk tks oknk fd;k Fkk] mlesa dstjhoky us ugha crk;k Fkk fd og lfClMh ds tfj, nke de djsx a As ij] lPpkbZ ;gh FkhA mUgksua s ;g Hkh ftØ ugha fd;k Fkk fd lfClMh lhfer le; ¼3 ekg½ vkSj lhfer miHkksDrkvksa ¼400 ;wfuV½ ds fy, gh gksxhA bruk gh ugha] dstjhoky us turk dks ;g Hkh ugha crk;k Fkk fd fctyh dk nke ykHk dekus okys Hkz"V O;kolkf;d ?kjkus de ugha djsx a As os rks mrus gh nke ij fctyh nsx a ]s ftldk Hkqxrku ljdkj djsxhA ljdkj ds ikl iSlk dgka ls vkrk gS] turk lsA ljdkj turk ds bl iSls dks fodkl dk;Z esa yxkus dh ctk, lfClMh esa [kpZ djrhA eryc turk ds gh iSls ls turk dks gh fj'or nh tkrh gSA vjfoan dstjhoky dh ;g pkyckth ,uVhihlh [kwc le>rh FkhA ;gh otg jgh fd ,uVhihlh us psrkouh nh Fkh fd og fctyh forj.k daifu;ksa dks fctyh ugha nsxhA cgjgky ;g ekeyk vHkh U;k;ky; ds le{k gS] ysfdu vjfoan dstjhoky us tks iklk Qsd a k Fkk mldk nq"ifj. kke fn[kkbZ nsus yxk gSA fctyh dh dVkSrh 'kq: gks xbZ gSA xfeZ;ksa esa gkykr D;k gksx a !s bldk vuqeku lgt gh yxk;k tk ldrk gSA bruk lc tkuus ds ckn D;k] vki dstjhoky dks bZekunkj dgsx a \s bl O;fDr us fnYyh dk eq[;ea=h cuus ds fy, xyr lkËkuksa dk ç;ksx fd;kA turk dks ?kwl nsus dk t?kU; vijkËk fd;kA D;k flQZ ?kwl ysuk gh Hkz"Vkpkj gS\ D;k ?kwl nsuk Hkz"Vkpkj ugha gSA ¢ ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

31


[kkst&[kcj

ifjorZu dh dgkuh dstjhoky ds lkfFk;ksa dh tqckuh iqjkuh ckr ugha gSA dqNsd lky igys rd vjfoan dstjhoky ^ifjorZu* uke dh xSj ljdkjh laLFkk ds uke ij dke djrs FksA bl laLFkk ls gh mudk ifjp; FkkA blls loky [kM+s gks x, gSaA og ;g fd ;fn ^ifjorZu* mudh laLFkk Fkh rks ^laiw.kZ ifjorZu* ls mudk D;k fj'rk Fkk\

jkds'k flag

Þ;g i=

yks vkSj bls Fkkus esa nsdj vkvksA eSua s bl i= dh nwljh d‚ih Hkh vkidks nh gS] mlesa nLr[kr djok ysuk vkSj eqgj Hkh yxok ysukAß ,d le; esËkk ikVdj dh lg;ksxh jgh fueZyk 'kekZ ,d yM+dh dks le>krs gq, ;g ckr dgrh gSAa njvly] yM+dh dks mlds ?kj okys ijs'kku djrs gSAa enn ds fy, og fueZyk 'kekZ ds ikl vkbZ FkhA fueZyk 'kekZ ^tkx`fr efgyk lfefr* dh vË;{k gSAa muls tc vjfoan dstjhoky dh laLFkk ^ifjorZu* ds ckcr iwNk rks cksy iM+ha ÞNksfM+,] og yksxksa dks Bx jgk gSAß vkxs ,d loky ij fueZyk 'kekZ dqN nsj ds fy, iwjh rjg 'kkar gks xbZAa fQj dejs ds Hkhrj xbZa vkSj Qkbyksa dk ,d xëj gekjs lkeus ykdj j[k fn;kA mUgksua s dgk] Þblesa vjfoan dstjhoky ds ^ifjorZu* dk lkjk fpëk gSA dstjhoky ds ^ifjorZu* vkSj ^lai.w kZ ifjorZu* dh iwjh dgkuh blesa gSAß bl xëj ls ,d i= fudkydj fueZyk 'kekZ us fn;kA og i= 13 flracj] 2002 dk gS] tks vjfoan dstjhoky us fueZyk 'kekZ ds uke fy[kk FkkA ml i= ds lkFk dstjhoky us ^lai.w kZ ifjorZu* dh fu;ekoyh dh ,d d‚ih Hkh yxkbZ FkhA dstjhoky us bl i= ds lkFk 25 yksxksa dh lwph Hkh layXu dh FkhA vjfoan dstjhoky us ;g i= ml le; fy[kk Fkk] tc mUgsa vkSj muds lkfFk;ksa dks ^lai.w kZ ifjorZu* uke dh laLFkk dk lnL; ugha cuk;k tk jgk FkkA i= esa vjfoan dstjhoky us fueZyk 'kekZ dks tks ckr fy[kh gS] mldk ,d va'k gwcgw bl çdkj gS& ÞeSa t;iqj x;k gqvk FkkA vkius tks lnL;ksa dh lwph ekaxh FkhA eSa lnL;ksa dh lwph ds lkFk gh laLFkk dk ck;y‚t Hkh Hkst jgk gwAa tks yksx vkidh mifLFkfr

32

;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

fueZyk 'kekZ dks fy[kk vjfoan dstjhoky dk i=

esa lnL; cus Fks] mlds ckn nks vkSj yksxksa us lnL; cuus dh bPNk trkbZ FkhA mudk uke fo'okl vkSj vgen gSA bu nksuksa us Hkh viuh lnL;rk 'kqYd fHktok nh gSAß dstjhoky vkxs fy[krs gSa fd laLFkk ds lafoËkku ds eqrkfcd thch,e cqykus ds fy, 15 fnu dk uksfVl nsuk gksrk gSA blds rgr gj lky flracj rd pquko gksus pkfg,] ysfdu vkt rd fdlh dks uksfVl ugha feyhA fueZyk th vkids lkeus tks yksx lnL; cus Fks] muds fy, çLrko ikl ugha fd;k x;k gSA dqN yksx dgrs gSa fd tks yksx laLFkk ls osru ysrs gS]a os lkËkkj.k lnL; Hkh ugha cu ldrsA ;g xyr gSA gekjs deZpkjh fe'ku dh Hkkouk ls dke dj jgs gSAa blfy, os fdlh Hkh Lo;alos h ls de ugha gSAa ^ifjorZu* dk lafoËkku fdlh Hkh rjg dk jksd ugha yxkrkA vxj jksd yxk;k tkrk gS rks ;g ljklj xyr gSA ;gka vjfoan dstjhoky ^ifjorZu* uke dh laLFkk dh ckr djrs gS]a ysfdu tks laLFkk dh fu;ekoyh fueZyk 'kekZ dks fHktokbZ gS] og ^lai.w kZ ifjorZu* dh gS] ftlesa gkFk ls fy[kk gS ^lai.w kZ ifjorZu*A vjfoan vkxs fy[krs gSa fd laLFkk dk pquko 22 ;k 23 flracj dks djk;k tk,A blds fy, eSa vkidk vkHkkjh jgwx a kA crkrs pysa fd tks 25 uke vjfoan us fueZyk 'kekZ dks Hksts Fks] mlesa iadt xqIrk] euh"k fllksfn;k vkSj ikf.kuh vkuan dk uke 'kkfey FkkA fueZyk 'kekZ dgrh gS]a Þ'kq: ls gh vjfoan dstjhoky Hkz"Vkpkj ls yM+us dk nkok djrs gq,] ml ij inkZ Mkyrs jgsA cDdjokyk iquokZl dh es;jesVa cqd eq>ls yhA dgk fd ge Hkz"Vkpkj idM+x as ]s ysfdu u rks es;jesVa cqd okil dhA u gh ml ij dksbZ dkjZokbZ


vius gh iwN jgs dstjhoky ls loky

vjfoan dstjhoky dh ,d laLFkk dk uke ^ihlhvkj,Q* ¼ifCyd d‚t fjlpZ QkmaM's ku½ gSA eSXlsls iqjLdkj feyus ds ckn bl laLFkk dks vjfoan dstjhoky us [kM+k fd;k FkkA dstjhoky us bl laLFkk dh 'kq#vkrh ftEesnkjh vius iqjkus lkFkh v'ouh mikË;k; dks nhA dstjhoky us tc vke vkneh ikVhZ cukbZ rks v'ouh mlds laLFkkid lnL;ksa esa ls ,d FksA mUgsa ikVhZ dh ^yhxy lsy* dk la;kstd cuk;k x;k] ysfdu v'ouh mikË;k; bu fnuksa dstjhoky ds #[k ls ukjkt gSAa mUgksua s dstjhoky ds Åij ns'k fojksËkh rkdrksa ds gkFkksa [ksyus dk vkjksi yxk;k gSA vke vkneh ikVhZ esa jgrs gq, tks dqN mUgksua s ns[kk gS] ml ij 20 loky mUgksua s dstjhoky ls iwNs gSAa bldk tokc dstjhoky us ugha fn;k gSA mu lokyksa esa ,d ;g gS fd dks;yk ?kksVkys lfgr Hkz"Vkpkj ds dbZ ekeys esa dkaxl sz lkaln uohu ftany lokyksa ds ?ksjs esa vk, gSAa vjfoan dstjhoky us muds ckjs esa vcrd D;ksa pqIih lkËk j[kh gS\ iou caly vkSj ohjHkæ ds Hkz"Vkpkj ij os D;ksa pqIi jgs gS\a blds lkFk&lkFk v'ouh us mu lokyksa dks Hkh mBk;k gS] tks vcrd muds fojksËkh mBkrs jgs gSAa elyu& vkradokfn;ksa ds leFkZu esa [kM+s gksus okys jtk eqt¶Qj Hkê deky Qk:dh dks fdl ncko esa fVdV fn;k gS\ QksMZ QkmaM's ku ls vjfoan dstjhoky ds fj'rs ij Hkh mUgksua s loky mBk, gSAa ;g Hkh iwNk gS fd uDly fopkjËkkjk dks leFkZu nsus okyksa dks os dc ikVhZ ls ckgj dj jgs gS\a

dhAß ckrphr ds nkSjku vkxs fueZyk dgrh gSa fd cDdjokyk dh tulqfoËkkvksa ij fnYyh ljdkj us djksMk+ as #i, [kpZ fd, FksA bl ;kstuk esa gqbZ xM+cM+h dks idM+us ds fy, eSua s 20]000 #i, dh es;jesVa cqd fudyokbZ FkhA vjfoan dstjhoky us la?k"kZ dk oknk dj es;jesVa cqd eq>ls ys x,] ysfdu dqN ugha fd;kA vjfoan dstjhoky vkSj muds lkfFk;ksa dks laLFkk dk lnL; ugha cuk;k x;kA bldh otg ;g Fkh fd os blds fy, laLFkk ls osru dh ekax dj jgs FksA fueZyk 'kekZ dk nkok gS fd blds ckn Hkjr Mksxjk Lo;a vjfoan dstjhoky dks ysdj muds ikl vk,A ;gka vjfoan dstjhoky ds ^ifjorZu* vkSj ^lai.w kZ ifjorZu* ds dbZ vkSj jkt csinkZ gksrs gSAa dSyk'k xksnd q k vkt Hkh vjfoan dstjhoky vkSj euh"k fllksfn;k dks ,d "kMîa=dkjh ds rkSj ij ;kn djrs gSAa xksnd q k ^lai.w kZ ifjorZu* ds lfpo gSAa ^QksMZ QkmaM's ku* dh 2002 dh lkykuk fjiksVZ ls irk pyrk gS fd ^lai.w kZ ifjorZu* dks Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ vke turk esa tuer rS;kj djus ds fy, 80]000 Mkyj feysA QksMZ ds bl iSls dks ysdj lnL;ksa esa erHksn mHkjsA QksMZ QkmaM's ku ds laidZ eas vjfoan dstjhoky vkSj euh"k fllksfn;k rHkh ls FksA ;gh dkj.k Fkk fd mu yksxksa dks ^lai.w kZ ifjorZu* dk lnL; ugha cuk;k x;kA fueZyk 'kekZ dks fy[kk x;k vjfoan dstjhoky dk i= bl ckr dh rLnhd djrk gSA ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

33


vkf[kj] f'kfefjr yh cksyha njvly] fons'kh vkfFkZd enn dk fookn bruk c<+ x;k Fkk fd lai.w kZ ifjorZu dh xofuax Z c‚Mh us QSlyk fd;k Fkk fd Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ yM+kbZ esa fons'kh iSls dk bLrseky ugha fd;k tk,xkA dSyk'k xksnd q k dgrs gS]a ÞHkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ yM+kbZ t:jh gS] ysfdu geus fons'kh iSlk bLrseky u djus dk QSlyk fy;k gS] D;ksfa d blls nwljs ns'kksa ds fgr tqMs+ gks ldrs gSAa dstjhoky vkSj fllksfn;k us lnL;ksa ds chp erHksn iSnk dj bl laLFkk dks gh lekIr djus dh dksf'k'k dhAß bl fookn ds ckn ^lai.w kZ ifjorZu* ds dk;Zdkjh lnL;ksa us Hkfo"; esa laLFkk ds nq:i;ksx dh fdlh Hkh laHkkouk dks lekIr djrs gq, blds dke&dkt dks LFkfxr j[kus dk QSlyk fd;k FkkA dSyk'k xksnd q k dgrs gS]a ÞQksMZ QkmaM's ku dks ^lai.w kZ ifjorZu* dh rjQ ls eSua s ,d i= fy[kk vkSj iSls okil dj fn,Aß QksMZ QkmaM's ku vkSj dstjhoky ds fj'rs dks dSyk'k xksnd q k dh bu ckrksa ls Hkh le>k tk ldrk gSA xksnd q k crkrs gSa fd vjfoan dstjhoky vkSj muds lkFkh QksMZ ls iSls feyus ds ckn ukSdjh NksMd + j iwjh rjg laLFkk dk dke djus ds fy, gekjs ikl vk, Fks] tc geus muls iwNk fd vkf[kj vki ukSdjh D;ksa NksMu+ k pkgrs gS\a blij mudk dguk Fkk fd os lai.w kZ ifjorZu dks iwjk le; nsuk pkgrs gSAa blls igys os ^LVMh yho* ysdj dke dj jgs FksA ml le; Hkh laLFkk dk ekuuk Fkk fd ;g rjhdk xyr gSA og Hkh ml fLFkfr esa tc ge Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ yM+ jgs gSAa fQj ;g ckr vkbZ fd gesa Hkz"Vkpkj dks ifjHkkf"kr djuk gksxkA flQZ iSls dk Hkz"Vkpkj gh Hkz"Vkpkj ugha gSA viuh lqfoËkk ds vuqlkj Hkz"Vkpkj dh ifjHkk"kk ugha x<+h tkuh pkfg,A dSyk'k xksnd q k ;g Hkh nkok djrs gSa fd vjfoan dstjhoky dHkh Hkh laLFkk ds lnL; ugha FksA ,d ckj mUgksua s lnL; cuus ds fy, çkFkZuk i= fn;k Fkk] ysfdu ^lai.w kZ ifjorZu* dh xofuax Z c‚Mh us mls vLohdkj dj fn;k FkkA blfy, mUgsa ^lai.w kZ ifjorZu* ;k fQj ^ifjorZu* ds uke ls tks Hkh iqjLdkj feys] og Hkh xyr gSA ;gka ns[kus okyh ckr gS fd ftl le; QksMZ us ^lai.w kZ ifjorZu* dks 80]000 Mkyj fn,] mlh le; v‚DlQSe uke dh laLFkk dks 70]000 Mkyj fn,A v‚DlQSe blh {ks= esa 50 lky ls dke dj jgh gS rks nks lky iqjkuh ^lai.w kZ ifjorZu* ij bruh esgjckuh D;ks\a ^lai.w kZ ifjorZu* uke dh dgkuh Hkh fnypLi gSA ^ifjorZu* uke dh laLFkk igys ls gh iath—r Fkh] blfy, ^lai.w kZ ifjorZu* ds uke ls lky 2000 esa laLFkk iath—r djokbZ xbZ FkhA laLFkkvksa dk ?kkyesy Hkh ;gka fn[krk gSA ifjorZu ds uke ls dk;ZØe fd, tkrs gaAS ifjorZu ds uke ls gh pank bdëk fd;k tkrk gS] tcfd laLFkk dk iathdj.k lai.w kZ ifjorZu ds uke ls gSA 2005 esa fo'o cSd a us Hkh ^ifjorZu* dks vkfFkZd enn nh] tcfd ftl laLFkk dks iSlk fn;k x;k] mldk iathdj.k ^lai.w kZ ifjorZu* ds uke ij gSA D;k blesa fons'kh vkfFkZd enn lacËa kh fu;eksa dk mYya?ku ugha gqvk\

34

;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

Þtc eSa Hkkjr vkbZ Fkh] rc 19 lky dh FkhA ogka ,d Lo;alos d dh rjg ^dchj* laLFkk ls tqMh+ A esjk ^dchj* ls tqMk+ o nks eghus dk FkkA bl nkSjku eSua s ,d fjiksVZ rS;kj dh Fkh] ftldk lacËa k ikjnf'kZrk vkSj dkuwu ls FkkA njvly] ;g esjh i<+kbZ dk fgLlk FkkAß f'kfefjr yh us ;g ckr dgh gSA os U;w;kdZ esa 'kksËkkFkhZ gSAa ^;Fkkor* if=dk us f'kfefjr yh ds ckjs esa foLrkj ls fjiksVZ Nkih FkhA ml fjiksVZ esa loky fd, x, Fks fd vkf[kj f'kfefjr yh dkSu gS\ os crkSj 'kksËkkFkhZ Hkkjr vkbZ Fkh ;k fQj ,tsVa Fkh\ if=dk ds 16&31 tuojh ds vad esa ;g fjiksVZ Nih FkhA bl jiV esa nqfu;k ds vyx&vyx fgLlksa esa f'kfefjr yh dh lafnXËk ekStnw xh dk ftØ fd;k x;k FkkA f'kfefjr us ml lHkh ns'kksa esa vyx&vyx fo"k;ksa ij dke fd;kA blh nkSjku Hkkjr Hkh vkbZ FkhA ;gka mlus dstjhoky dh laLFkk dchj ds fy, dke fd;kA ckn esa x`g ea=ky; dh tkap fjiksVZ esa mlds ^dchj* esa dke djus dh ckr dgh xbZ gSA blls ^;Fkkor* dh jiV iq"V gksrh gSA if=dk dh bl jiV ds ckn dbZ loky mBs FksA f'kfefjr yh dh lafnXËk Hkwfedk ds ckjs esa fnYyh Hkktik ds vË;{k M‚- g"kZoËkZu us vjfoan dstjhoky ls loky iwNk FkkA gkykafd] rc vjfoan dstjhoky dk dksbZ tokc ugha vk;k FkkA gka] f'kfefjr yh t:j cksy iM+h gSAa djhc nks eghus ckn f'kfefjr us dgk gS eSa felz ;k pkM ugha xbZ Fkh vkSj eksgYyk ;k xzke lHkk ds ckjs esa Hkh eq>s dqN ugha irkA eSa bl le; ,d 'kksËk Nk=k gwAa blls vkxs f'kfefjr ;g Hkh dgrh gSa fd QksMZ vkSj fons'kh ,tsfa l;ksa ls vjfoan dstjhoky dks tksMu+ s okys mudh yksdfç;rk ls ?kcjk x, gSAa fjiksVZ ds tokc esa f'kfefjr us tks dgk gS] mldh iM+rky t:jh gSA os dgrh gSa fd eksgYyk lHkk ;k fQj xzke lHkk tSlh fdlh pht dks ugha tkurh gSAa gkykafd] mUgksua s bruk rks Lohdkj fd;k gS fd mUgksua s dchj ds fy, dke fd;k gSA og ;g Hkh Lohdkj djrh gSa fd mUgksua s dchj ds fy, ,d fjiksVZ rS;kj dh gS] ysfdu ml fjiksVZ dk ftØ ugha djrh gSAa f'kfefjr dgrh gSa fd mUgksua s dchj laLFkk esa dke djus ds fy, dksbZ Hkqxrku ugha fy;kA fQygky ;g le> ls ijs gS fd os rF;ksa dks D;ksa Nqik jgh gS\a f'kfefjr yh


dks dchj dh rjQ ls 25]333 M‚yj fn;k x;kA dchj dh rjQ ls ;g Hkqxrku blh fjiksVZ ds fy, fd;k x;k FkkA ;g Hkqxrku ^LVMh v‚Q yksdy lsYQ xousl Za bu bafM;k* ds rgr fd;k x;kA bl fjiksVZ esa ^Lojkt vfHk;ku* dk Hkh ftØ gSA x`g ea=ky; dh tkap fjiksVZ esa Hkh f'kfefjr yh dks Hkqxrku djus dh ckr dgh xbZ gSA gkykafd f'kfefjr yh ds nLr[kr dks tkap fjiksVZ esa QthZ crk;k x;k gSA ^dchj* ds fy, f'kfefjr yh us tks fjiksVZ rS;kj dh mlesa eksgYyk lHkk dk ftØ djrh gSAa tcfd mudk nkok gS fd og xzke lHkk ds ckjs esa Hkh ugha tkurhA f'kfefjr ftruh ckrsa Lohdkj dj jgh gS]a mlls T;knk fNik jgh gSAa bldk ,d çek.k ;g gS fd osc dh nqfu;k esa mUgksua s tks rF; ns j[ks Fks] mls gVk fn;k x;k gSA blds çek.k ^;Fkkor* ds ikl gSAa

f'kfefjr dh iqjkuh çksQkby ds vuqlkj og vtsVZa ,D'ku QaM dh lykgdkj jgh gSA btjk;y vkSj gk;Qk ls f'kfefjr dk fj'rk jgk gSA d;ku efgykoknh laxBu ls Hkh f'kfefjr tqMh+ jgh gSAa mUgksua s áweu jkbV o‚p dh vÝhdh 'kk[kk ds fy, Hkh dke fd;k gSA cgjgky] f'kfefjr ds tokc dks ftu laxBuksa us çeq[krk ls mBk;k gS] mudh Hkh iM+rky t:jh gSA budh ckr dks ^dkfQyk* us Hkh mBk;k gSA

^^dstjhoky dk vesfjdh laLFkkvksa ls fj'rk iqjkuk gSA muds Åij QksMZ gh esgjcku ugha jgk] cfYd ^v'kksd* uke dh laLFkk Hkh dstjhoky ij esgjcku FkhA v'kksd uke dh laLFkk vesfjdk esa iath—r gSA bl laLFkk ds j.kuhfrd lk>snkj ds :i esa eSdsath ,aM daiuh dk uke çeq[k gSA bl laLFkk dk lcls egRoiw.kZ igyw ;g gS fd blds çeq[k dk;Zdkjh vfËkdkjh vesfjdh ljdkj esa lfpo ds in ij dk;Zjr jgs gSaA

^dchj* laLFkk ij x`g ea=ky; dh tkap fjiksVZ vk pqdh gSA x`g ea=ky; dh fjiksVZ esa Hkh ^ifjorZu* vkSj ^ihlhvkj,Q* uke vk;k FkkA ;s nksuksa laLFkk,a ^dchj* ds rgr dke djrh gSAa bu lHkh rF;ksa ls tks loky fudyrs gS]a og ;g fd D;k ^ifjorZu* dk viuk vfLrRo ugha gS\ dgha og ^lai.w kZ ifjorZu* ds rgr dke djrh gS rks dgha ^dchj* ds rgrA tcfd vjfoan dstjhoky ^ifjorZu* ds uke ls gh vius ,tsM a s dks vkxs c<+k jgs Fks ;k os fdlh nwljs ds funs'Z k ij ,slk dj jgs Fks\ ;gh ugha] 2002 esa ^ifjorZu* laLFkk ds nks i= ;Fkkor ds ikl gS] mlesa irk fy[kk gS& bZ&109] ikaMo uxj] fnYyh&92 gSA ysfdu ftl iSM ij i= rS;kj fd;k x;k gS] og vyx&vyx gSA ;g ogh irk gS] tks dchj dk gSA dchj Hkh bZ&109] ikaMo uxj] fnYyh 92 ds irs ls gh dke djrh FkhA dstjhoky dk vesfjdh laLFkkvksa ls fj'rk iqjkuk gSA muds Åij QksMZ gh esgjcku ugha jgk] cfYd ^v'kksd* uke dh laLFkk Hkh dstjhoky ij esgjcku FkhA v'kksd uke dh laLFkk vesfjdk esa iath—r gSA bl laLFkk ds j.kuhfrd lk>snkj ds :i esa eSdt as h ,aM daiuh dk uke çeq[k gSA bl laLFkk dk lcls egRoiw.kZ igyw ;g gS fd blds çeq[k dk;Zdkjh vfËkdkjh vesfjdh ljdkj esa lfpo ds in ij dk;Zjr jgs gSAa os OgkbV gkml esa Hkh dke dj pqds gSAa mudk uke gS fcy Mªk;VuA ;g laLFkk Hkh dstjhoky ds ihNs [kM+h gSA bl laLFkk us dstjhoky dks v'kksdk Qsyksf'ki ds fy, 2004 esa pquk FkkA ;gka loky mBrk gS fd ftl le; v'kksdk Qsyksf'ki ds fy, dstjhoky us vkosnu fd;k] D;k os ml le; vius in ls bLrhQk ns pqds Fks\ tkudkjh ds eqrkfcd Qjojh 2006 esa os ljdkjh in ls eqDr gq, gSAa njvly] bl laLFkk ds ,tsM a s esa Hkkjr 'kq: ls gh FkkA ^v'kksd* us viuh LFkkiuk ¼1982½ ds ckn nks lkyksa rd lHkh Qsyksf'ki Hkkjrh;ksa dks fn,A ;gka xkSj djus okyh ckr gS fd tc 1982 esa vesfjdk lksfo;r :l ls eqdkcys ds fy, vQxkfuLrku esa tsgknh rS;kj dj jgk Fkk] mlh le; ls mldh utj Hkkjr ij FkhA ¢ ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

35


'kf[l;r

eksnh dke dc djrs gSa gjh'k pUæ c.kZoky

lquus esa FkksM+k vViVk yxrk gSA blds ckotwn lp ;gh gSA xqtjkr dk eq[;ea=h dk;kZy; vkSj vkokl nsj jkr lfØ; gks tkrk gSA otg ;g gS fd lwcs ds eq[;ea=h ujsaæ eksnh jkr dk oDr jkT; ds dke&dkt esa yxk jgs gSaA

igys ujsæa eksnh ds xqtjkr e‚My dks ysdj loky mBk,

tkrs FksA vc loky cny x, gSAa muds dke&dkt ds igj ij loky gks jgs gSAa dgk tk jgk gS fd vxj ujsæa eksnh çËkkuea=h in ds mEehnokj gSa rks fQj xqtjkr ds eq[;ea=h in ls bLrhQk D;ksa ugha ns nsr\s mu ij vkjksi gS fd xqtjkr esa dke djus dh ctk, os flQZ jk"Vªh; jktuhfr esa viuk Ë;ku dsfa ær dj jgs gSAa ,slh fLFkfr esa xqtjkr dks ns[kus okyk dksbZ ugha gSA bl loky dk mBuk LokHkkfod gSA gkykafd] ujsæa eksnh dh dk;Z 'kSyh dks tks yksx djhc ls ns[k&le> jgs gS]a mudh jk; gS fd tks loky mB jgs gS]a mldk dksbZ vkËkkj ugha gSA blds ihNs mudk viuk rdZ gSA oSls ujsæa eksnh ds fodkl e‚My ij 'kksËk ds nkSjku bl iafDr ds ys[kd dks bldh dqNd s >yd ns[kus dks feyhA cgjgky] muds fudVofrZ;ksa ls ckrphr gqbZ rks dbZ jgL;ksa ls inkZ mBkA fQj ;g ckr le> esa vkbZ fd vkf[kj ujsæa eksnh dSls bruk lc dqN O;ofLFkr rjhds ls dj ik jgs gSAa xqtjkr ljdkj ds NksVs ls NksVs dkeksa dks ns[kus ds lkFk&lkFk ikVhZ dh jk"Vªh; jktuhfrd xfrfofËk;ksa dks ,d :i vkSj fn'kk nsuk ljy dke ugha Fkk] ysfdu ujsæa eksnh bu nksuksa dkeksa dks lkFk&lkFk fuHkkus esa lQy gq, gSAa eksnh ds dke&dkt esa gkFk caVkus okys dgrs gSa fd os viuk çR;sd dke Lo;a r; djrs gSAa gkykafd] lqurs lcdh gS]a ysfdu djrs ogh gS]a tks mUgksua s r; fd;k gS vkSj tks mUgsa Bhd yxrk gSA ujsæa eksnh us tc Hkh fdlh dke dks djus dh Bkuh rks fQj le;] ifjJe ;k iSls ds eksgrkt ugha jgsA vkxs c<+dj lkËku bdëk fd, vkSj mls iwjk fd;kA lw= crkrs gSa fd nsj jkr ;g r; dj fn;k tkrk gS fd os vxys fnu D;k dke djus okys gSAa bldk fuËkkZj.k os Lo;a djrs gSAa mudk dke flQZ lfpoksa ds Hkjksls ugha pyrk gSA os lfØ; :i ls vius futh lfpoks]a vfËkdkfj;ksa dks fuf'pr le; ij dke ds ckjs esa crkrs jgrs gSAa lqcg ikap cts ls ujsæa eksnh dh fnup;kZ 'kq: gksrh gSA jkr dks lksus esa Hkys gh nsj gks tk,] ysfdu lqcg ikap ij ?kM+h dh lwbZ igqp a rs gh os mB tkrs gSAa fuR;deZ ds ckn baVjusV ij U;wt i<+uk os t:jh ekurs gSAa jk"Vªh; vkSj varjjk"Vªh; v[kckjksa dks ns[krs gSAa ns'k&nqfu;k ds ?kVukØe dh iwjh tkudkjh j[kuk os egRoiw.kZ dk;Z ekurs gSAa djhfc;ksa dh ekusa rks bl nkSjku eksnh dksbZ uksVl ~ rS;kj ugha djrsA t:jh o

36

;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

mi;ksxh [kcjsa muds fnekx esa gh ntZ gks tkrh gSAa ^;ksx* mudh fnup;kZ esa 'kkfey gSA lqcg djhc 6-30 cts os djhc ?kaVs Hkj ds fy, ;ksx djrs gSAa lqcg ds lk<+s lkr cts gYdk uk'rk ysuk mUgsa ilan gSA blds ckn nSfud dk;Z esa tqV tkrs gSAa lkekU; rkSj ij dgsa rks mudk fnu xqtjkr ds ljdkjh dkedkt ds lkFk&lkFk gj oDr ,d fe'ku ds lkFk xqtjrk gSA ^xjhc dY;k.k esyk* 'kq: fd;k rks dbZ eghus ls bl fe'ku dks iwjk djus dk vfHk;ku pyk jgs gSAa blesa [kqn 'kkfey gksrs gSAa yM+fd;ksa dh f'k{kk dk vfHk;ku Hkh pyk jgs gSAa os tc rd vius fe'ku dks iwjk ugha dj ysr]s rc rd mudk vfHk;ku pyrk jgrk gSA ij ekStnw k le; dh ckr djsa rks budk T;knkrj oDr jSfy;ks]a cSBdksa ;k fQj j.kuhfr cukus esa fudyrk gSA ,sls esa loky gS fd vkf[kj xqtjkr ds fy, os dc oDr fudkyrs gS\a


O;fDr;ksa ds ckjs esa lgh vkdyu djuk ujsUnz eksnh [kwc tkurs gSaA os dku ds dPps ugha gSaA u gh dke dks dy ij Vkyuk mUgsa eatwj gSA ;gh otg gS fd jk"Vªh; jktuhfr esa vfr O;Lrrk ds ckotwn xqtjkr ds eq[;ea=h est ij dksbZ Qkby vVdh gqbZ ugha gSA

njvly] ujsæa eksnh us xqtjkr ds fy, jkr dk oDr r; dj j[kk gSA fQygky fnu dk oDr ns'k ds ftl fgLls esa chr tk,] ysfdu jkr os vDlj xkaËkhuxj esa gh xqtkjuk ilan djrs gSAa eksnh dh lkQ dksf'k'k gS fd xqtjkr ds dkedkt ij mudh gj fnu utj jgsA fodkl dh ;kstuk,a gksa ;k fQj ç'kklfud dkeA eksnh dh fnypLih dHkh de ugha gksrhA 'kk;n blfy, jkr vkB&ukS cts ds ckn dk le; mUgksua s xqtjkr ds vfËkdkfj;ksa vkSj yksxksa ds fy, fuËkkZfjr dj j[kk gSA [kkl ckr ;g gS fd ujsæa eksnh ds lkjs vfËkdkjh jkr esa lfØ; jgrs gS]a D;ksfa d mUgsa irk gS fd eksnh jkr esa gh vius lkjs dke fuiVkrs gSAa Qkbyksa ij gLrk{kj djuh gks ;k fQj ;kstuk,a rS;kj djuh gksAa vius vfËkdkfj;ksa dh ckr lquuh gks ;k fQj vke yksxksa ls tqMk+ dksbZ elyk gy djuk gksA lkjk dke muds vkokl esa nsj jkr rd pyrk jgrk gSA

[kkl ckr ;g gS fd gj elys dks os [kqn ls ns[krs vkSj ij[krs gSAa eksnh dh dksf'k'k gksrh gS fd jkr 11&12 cts rd os lks tk,a] ysfdu vxj dke [kRe u gqvk gks rks mudk dke jkr 12 ls 1 cts rd pyrk jgrk gSA dHkh Hkh os dke vËkwjk NksMd + j lksus ugha tkrs gSAa jkr esa os fdruh nsj Hkh txs jgs]a ysfdu lqcg ikap cts gh mBrs gSAa muds fudV ds yksx crkrs gSa fd os fdruh Hkh de uhan ys]a ysfdu= ujsæa eksnh ges'kk rjks&rktk ¼Ýs'k½ utj vkrs gSAa dHkh Hkh muds psgjs ij Fkdku ;k ruko dk Hkko ugha ns[k ldrsA xqtjkr ds dke esa Lo;a dks >ksd a nsus okys ujsæa eksnh dh viuh Vhe ij iwjh utj gksrh gSA mUgsa irk gS fd vxj mudh Vhe laons u'khy ugha gksxh rks os vius dke dks vatke rd ugha igqp a k ik,axAs elyu ftl Hkh vfËkdkjh ;k deZpkjh dh mudh Vhe esa cgkyh gksrh gS] mUgsa cdk;nk ;g le>k;k tkrk gS fd dSls mUgsa fnu&jkr dke esa 'kkfey gksuk iM+ ldrk gSA dHkh Hkh mUgsa fdlh [kkl dke ds fy, cqyk;k tk ldrk gSA bl ckr ds fy, igys muls lgefr yh tkrh gSA QSlyk ysus ls igys vfËkdkjh&deZpkjh vius ifjokj ds lkFk Hkh foe'kZ djrs gSAa vxj fdlh dks 24 ?kaVs ds bl dke&dkt ls ijs'kkuh gksrh gS rks mUgsa tcju Vhe esa 'kkfey ugha fd;k tkrk gSA xqtjkr ljdkj ls tqMs+ vfËkdkfj;ksa dh ekusa rks ujsæa eksnh ds eu esa tc tks fopkj vkrk gS] ml le; os mlds dk;kZUo;u esa tqV tkrs gSAa bl ckr dk bartkj ugha djrs gSa fd ml le; ?kM+h dh lwbZ dgka gSA muds djhch yksxksa dh ekusa rks vfËkdkfj;ksa ds ikl vDlj jkr ds ,d&nks cts rd Hkh Qksu vkrs gSAa blesa u flQZ eksnh vius eu esa vkbZ fdlh [kkl ;kstuk dks crkrs gS]a cfYd mldh j.kuhfr cukus dh ckr Hkh djrs gSAa ujsæa eksnh dh ,d [kkl ckr ;g Hkh gS fd bruh O;Lrrk ds ckotwn os dHkh vke vkneh dks utjvankt ugha djrsA ;fn çns'k dh dksbZ xjhc turk Hkh eq[;ea=h dk;kZy; igqp a rh gS] rks muds vfËkdkjh bl ckr dks mu rd t:j igqp a krs gSAa tks yksx ujsæa eksnh ds vkl&ikl gS]a os mudh bl ckr dh rkjhQ djrs gSa fd fdlh Hkh balku ds eu dh ckr ujsæa eksnh le> tkrs gSAa dbZ yksxksa dh iDdh Ëkkj.kk gS fd ujsæa eksnh pan feuVksa dh ckrphr esa gh lp vkSj >wB dk vkdyu dj lcds lkeus j[k nsrs gSAa O;fDr;ksa ds ckjs esa lgh vkdyu djuk os [kwc tkurs gSAa os dku ds dPps ugha gSAa u gh dke dks dy ij Vkyuk mUgsa eatjw gSA ;gh otg gS fd jk"Vªh; jktuhfr esa vfr O;Lrrk ds ckotwn xqtjkr ds eq[;ea=h ujsæa eksnh dh est ij dksbZ Qkby vVdh gqbZ ugha gSA ¢ ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

37


fopkj

rks bUgsa fdl ij gS ;dhu!

lanhi nso

tc ns'k dks flQZ vnkyr ij Hkjkslk jg x;k gS rks eukst feêk us viuh fdrkc esa lqçhe dksVZ dh fuxjkuh esa ,lvkbZVh tkap vkSj vnkyrh vkns'k ij loky mBkdj lkfcr dj fn;k gS fd bl ns'k ds rFkkdfFkr lsD;wyj fcjknjh dk Hkjkslk ns'k dh vnkyr esa ugha gSA

vnkyr ij gh mu yksxksa us geyk cksy fn;k gS] tks xr 12

lkyksa ls ujsæa eksnh ds f[kykQ lkft'k dj jgs FksA viuh tkap esa fo'ks"k tkap ny ¼,lvkbZVh½ us ftUgsa lkft'kdrkZ dgk gS] vc os ,lvkbZVh dks gh dV?kjs esa [kM+k dj jgs gSAa gkykafd] igys lqçhe dksVZ dh vksj ls xfBr ,lvkbZVh vkSj mlds ckn 26 fnlacj] 2013 dks vnkyr us xqtjkr naxk ds lHkh vkjksiksa ls ujsæa eksnh dks cjh fd;k rks bu lkft'kdrkZvksa ds ealcw s ij ikuh fQj x;k gSA oSls rks ,lvkbZVh us lkft'kdrkZvksa esa dkaxl sz ] ukSdj'kkgh] xSj ljdkjh laLFkk ds ,d fxjksg ds vykok cM+s ehfM;k gkml ds dbZ psgjksa dks Hkh csudkc fd;k gS] ftuesa ls ,d vaxt sz h v[kckj ^VkbEl v‚Q bafM;k* ds ofj"B laiknd eukst feêk dk uke Hkh 'kkfey gSA vkjksi gS fd eukst feêk us i=dkfjrk dh xfjek dks rkd ij j[kdj fuyafcr vkbZih,l vfËkdkjh latho Hkê dk >wBk 'kiFk i= u dsoy rS;kj fd;k] cfYd mlh >wBs 'kiFk i= dks lqçhe dksVZ esa Hkh nkf[ky djok;kA lqçhe dksVZ dh fuxjkuh esa pyh tkap esa tc ,d i=dkj ls vfËkd ,d lkft'kdrkZ ds :i esa eukst feêk dk psgjk nqfu;k ds lkeus vk;k rks mUgksua s ,lvkbZVh vkSj vnkyr dh iwjh fjiksVZ dks gh ^diksy&dfYir* djkj fn;kA ujsæa eksnh ds f[kykQ lkft'k dks vafre ifj.kfr rd igqp a kus esa ukdke jgs eukst feêk us lqçhe dksVZ dh fuxjkuh esa pyh tkap dks lqçhe dksVZ esa ugha] cfYd ^^fQD'ku v‚Q QSDV QkbafMax% eksnh ,aM xksËkjk** uke dh ,d iqLrd fy[kdj bls >wBk Bgjkus dh dksf'k'k dh gSA bl iqLrd esa lqçhe dksVZ dh iwjh fuxjkuh dks ,d ^dkYifud dgkuh* djkj fn;k x;k gSA

38

;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

Kkr gks fd lqçhe dksVZ us ,lvkbZVh xfBr dj xksËkjk esa lkcjerh ,Dlçsl ds fMCcksa esa vkx yxkdj jke&HkDrksa dks ftank tykus vkSj fQj xqtjkr esa HkM+ds naxksa ds dqy ukS ekeyksa dh tkap dh gSA ,lvkbZVh us tkap ds ckn ,d foLr`r fjiksVZ ds fujh{k.k ds fy, lqçhe dksVZ ds le{k is'k fd;kA lqçhe dksVZ us ,lvkbZVh dks funs'Z k fn;k fd og bl Dykstj fjiksVZ dks ekeys ls lacfa Ëkr fupyh vnkyr esa nkf[ky djsA ,lvkbZVh us 8 vçSy] 2012 dks lacfa Ëkr vnkyr esa xqtjkr naxksa dh Qkby dks can djus ds fy, Dykstj fjiksVZ nkf[ky dj fn;k FkkA ,lvkbZVh us dgk fd eq[;ea=h ujsæa eksnh ij vkjksi yxkus dk dksbZ vkËkkj ugha gSA latho Hkê o vU; iqfyl vfËkdkfj;ksa ds }kjk naxkb;ksa ds f[kykQ ujsæa eksnh ij dkjZokbZ ugha djus ds lacËa k esa fn;k x;k c;ku ,d eux<ar dgkuh gSA bls rhLrk lhryokM+ us latho Hkê] vkj-ch- Jhdqekj tSls iqfyl vfËkdkfj;ksa ds >wBs c;ku dks vkËkkj cukdj x<+k gSA tkap ds nkSjku mUgsa bl ckr dh dksbZ lcwr ugha feys gSa fd eksnh us bl çdkj dk dksbZ fn'kk&funs'Z k iqfyl vfËkdkfj;ksa dks fn;k FkkA ,lvkbZVh fjiksVZ dk fujh{k.k djus ds ckn 11 vçSy] 2012 dks vnkyr us dgk] Þ,lvkbZVh dks eq[;ea=h ujsæa eksnh ,oa vkjksih cuk, x, 57 vU; yksxksa ds f[kykQ ,slk dksbZ lcwr ugha feyk gS] ftlls ;g lkfcr gksrk gks fd mUgksua s fdlh rjg dk dksbZ vkijkfËkd "kM~î= a fd;k gSAß


bl Dykstj fjiksVZ ds lkeus vkrs gh rhLrk lhryokM+ us viuk vkik [kks fn;kA mUgksua s lqçhe dksVZ dh fuxjkuh esa pyh ,lvkbZVh dh iwjh tkap ij loky mBkrs gq, blds çfr vfo'okl trk fn;kA blls igys xqtjkr gkbZ dksVZ dh vksj ls xfBr ukukoVh vk;ksx dh fjiksVZ ds çfr Hkh og vfo'okl trk pqdh FkhaA rhLrk us ,glku tkQjh dh iRuh tkfd;k tkQjh ds lkFk feydj bl Dykstj fjiksVZ ds f[kykQ 15 vçSy] 2013 dks 514 iUuksa dh ,d ;kfpdk nk;j dhA lkFk gh ekax dh fd xqycxZ lkslk;Vh ekeys esa ujsæa eksnh ds f[kykQ pktZ'khV nkf[ky dh tk,A bl ij lquokbZ ds nkSjku 27 vçSy] 2013 dks ,lvkbZVh us bl ;kfpdk dks eq[;ea=h ujsæa eksnh dks fu'kkuk cukus dh ,d vkSj dksf'k'k djkj fn;kA ,lvkbZVh ds odhy vkj,l teqvkj us vnkyr esa dgk] ÞD;k tkfd;k tkQjh ;g pkgrh Fkha fd ujsæa eksnh ,ds&47 cand w vius gkFk esa ysdj naxksa ij fu;a=.k djrs\ß vkf[kjdkj 26 fnlacj] 2013 dks vgenkckn dh vnkyr us ,lvkbZVh dh Dykstj fjiksVZ dks lgh Bgjkrs gq, ujsæa eksnh dks xqtjkr naxksa ds lHkh vkjksiksa ls eqDr dj fn;kA ,lvkbZVh us viuh blh fjiksVZ dh ist la[;k& 425 ij eukst feêk dh rjQ ls ujsæa eksnh ds f[kykQ lkft'k jpus dk [kqyklk fd;k gSA fjiksVZ ds eqrkfcd rhLrk lhryokM+] muds odhy fefgj nslkbZ vkSj VkbEl v‚Q bafM;k ds ofj"B laiknd eukst feêk yxkrkj latho Hkê ds laidZ esa FksA latho Hkê dh vksj ls lqçhe dksVZ esa nkf[ky >wBs 'kiFk i= dks rS;kj djus esa bu rhuksa us enn dh FkhA 13 vçSy] 2011 dks latho Hkê us vius 'kiFk i= dh d‚ih eukst feêk dks Hksth FkhA bl 'kiFk i= dks ns[kus ds ckn eukst feêk us latho Hkê dks ;g lykg nh fd blesa dqN vkSj iSjkxzkQ tksMs+ tk,aA nkok fd;k x;k gS fd mu iSjkxzkQksa dks [kqn eukst feêk us rS;kj fd;kA fQj latho Hkê dks Hkstk] ftls latho Hkê us vius 'kiFk i= esa 'kkfey dj fy;kA blls lkQ gS fd feêk us i=dkfjrk dh xfjek njfdukj dj lqçhe dksVZ esa latho Hkê }kjk nk;j >wBs 'kiFk i= dks rS;kj djus esa mldh enn dh FkhA ;g ogh >wBk 'kiFk i= Fkk] ftlesa latho Hkê us dgk Fkk fd 27 Qjojh] 2002 dh jkr eq[;ea=h ujsæa eksnh ds vkokl ij gqbZ cSBd esa os 'kkfey FksA gkykafd] tkap ds ckn ;s ckrsa iwjh rjg ls >wBh lkfcr gqbAaZ

eukst feêk us ns'k dh dkuwu O;oLFkk dks csekuh Bgjkdj ;g lkfcr djus dh dksf'k'k dh gS fd tks os dg jgs gSa] dsoy ogh lgh gSA

eukst feêk vnkyrh vkns'k esa >wB lkfcr gks pqds bl 'kiFk i= dks rS;kj djus esa 'kkfey eukst feêk dh tc iksy [kqyh rks mUgksua s lqçhe dksVZ dh fuxjkuh esa pyh iwjh tkap çfØ;k dks gh dV?kjs esa [kM+k djus ds fy, ,d iqLrd fy[kh gSA iqLrd dk uke gS& ^fQD'ku v‚Q QSDV&QkbafMax% eksnh ,aM xksËkjk*A viuh bl iqLrd ds tfj, eukst feêk us lqçhe dksVZ dh fuxjkuh esa pyh lai.w kZ tkap çfØ;k vkSj vnkyrh vkns'k dks diksy&dfYir vkSj eux<ar dgkuh Bgjkus dh dksf'k'k dh gSA njvly] eukst feêk us ns'k dh dkuwu O;oLFkk dks csekuh Bgjkdj ;g lkfcr djus dh dksf'k'k dh gS fd tks os dg jgs gS]a dsoy ogh lgh gSA viuh bl iqLrd ds tfj, eukst feêk us lkfcr djus dh dksf'k'k dh gS fd lqçhe dksVZ dh fuxjkuh esa dke djus okyh ,lvkbZVh us ujsæa eksnh ls u rks lgh loky iwNkA u gh lgh rjhds ls iwjs ekeys dh tkap dhA gkykafd] ;g rF; gS fd 27 ekpZ] 2010 dks xkaËkhuxj esa ,lvkbZVh dh ,d Vhe us xqtjkr ds eq[;ea=h ujsæa eksnh ls dbZ ?kaVs iwNrkN dh FkhA bfrgkl esa ujsæa eksnh ,d ek= eq[;ea=h gS]a ftuls lqçhe dksVZ dh fuxjkuh esa mlds }kjk xfBr ,lvkbZVh us fdlh naxs ds flyflys esa iwNrkN dh gSA blds ckotwn eukst feêk dk ;g dguk fd ,lvkbZVh dh iwjh tkap ,d eux<+ra dgkuh gS] ;g crkrk gS fd eukst feêk] rhLrk lhryokM+ ,oa vU; lkft'kdrkZ ujsæa eksnh dks vnkyr ls feyh Dyhu fpV dks ipk ugha ik jgs gSAa eukst feêk ogh f?kls&fiVs ËkeZfujis{krk dh nqgkbZ viuh iqLrd esa nsrs gSAa os viuh iqLrd ds tfj, ;g lkfcr djus dh dksf'k'k djrs fn[krs gSa fd ujsæa eksnh dks vnkyr us cjh dj ns'k dh ËkeZfujis{krk ls le>kSrk fd;k gSA 'kk;n eukst feêk tSls ,d i{kh; ËkeZfujis{krk ds f'kdkj vkSj ujsæa eksnh ds f[kykQ lkft'k djus okyksa ds fy, fcuk lcwr ujsæa eksnh dks Qkalh ij yVdkuk gh bl ns'k dh ËkeZfujis{krk dks etcwr djus ds fy, vifjgk;Z 'krZ gS! eukst feêk us lqçhe dksVZ dh fuxjkuh vkSj vnkyrh vkns'k ij loky mBkdj ;g lkfcr dj fn;k gS fd bl ns'k ds rFkkdfFkr lsD;wyj fcjknjh dk Hkjkslk ns'k dh vnkyr esa ugha gSA ¢ ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

39


mÙkj izn's k vktknh ds 67 lky ckn Hkh lwcs esa LokLF; lsok,a csgky gSaA vf[kys'k ljdkj lwcs esa u, LokLF; dsaæ [kksyus dh dkxth ?kks"k.kk,a rks dj jgh gS] ij cngky vLirkyksa dh n'kk lqËkkjus ds fy, vc rd dqN ugha fd;kA v[kaM çrki flag

lardchj uxj] eÅ] vktex<+] cfy;k vkSj xkthiqj ds xjhc fdlku] etnwj] cPps o efgyk,a bldh f'kdkj gksrh gSAa bl jksx ls 5 djksM+ vkcknh çHkkfor gksrh gSA fiNyh clik ljdkj bl Hk;kog fLFkfr ls u dsoy vka[ksa ewna s jgh cfYd fpfdRlk o ifjokj dY;k.k ea=ky; dks ckaVdj vius nks pgsrksa dks ckxMksj lkSia nhA ckcw flag dq'kokgk tgka ek;korh ds pgsrs Fks rks vaur feJ] lrh'k paæ feJ ds I;kjs FksA nksuksa us th Hkjdj vius foHkkxksa dks ywVkA ifj.kke xzkeh.k LokLF; fe'ku ;kuh ,u,pvkj,e ?kksVkys ds :i esa lp lkeus vk;kA 2012 esa lÙkk ifjorZu gqvk ij eq[;ea=h vf[kys'k ;kno vc rd LokLF; ds {ks= esa dksbZ Bksl dne ugha mBk ik, gSAa

csgky LokLF; lsok,a vf[kys'k dk fn[kkok

mÙkj çns'k Hkkjr dk ,d jkT; u gksdj vyx

ns'k gksrk rks ;g vkcknh ds fglkc ls ikapoka cM+k ns'k gksrkA ij vktknh ds 67 lky ckn Hkh 16 osa yksdlHkk pquko ds eqgkus ij [kM+s bl çns'k esa eksecÙkh dh jks'kuh esa çlo djk, tkrs gS]a VkpZ dh jks'kuh esa vka[k dk v‚ijs'ku gksrk gS] M‚DVj dh Hkwfedk esa QkekZflLV gksrs gS]a vfËkdrj LokLF; dsæa ksa ij u rks M‚DVj gksrs gSa u gh ulZA vk'kk cgusa flQZ iksfy;ks MªkIl fiykus ds gh oDr fn[krh gSAa iwjs çns'k esa 7000 M‚DVjksa dh deh gSA ,sls ttZj gkykr esa çns'k ds ;qok eq[;ea=h us vLirkyksa esa lHkh tkap Ýh dj nh] tcfd 69 tkapksa dh lqfoËkk gh ugha gSA xr fnuksa eq[;ea=h us 1647 çkFkfed fpfdRlk dsæa vkSj 719 eq[; fpfdRlk dsæa cuokus dh eatjw h ns pqds gSAa ij pqukoh ekSle esa ;g flQZ cjlkrh Qqgkj gS] tks tehu ij ugha fVdsxhA njvly LokLF;] f'k{kk] fodkl m-ç- ds fl;klh nyksa ds ?kks"k.kk i=ksa dh 'kksHkk rks c<+krs gSa ijarq lÙkk esa vkrs gh ;s njfdukj dj fn, tkrs gSAa bl lwcs esa LokLF; lsokvksa dh cngky fLFkfr tkuus ds fy, tkikuh cq[kkj] bUls¶ykbfVl ls ejus okyksa dh la[;k tkuuk gh dkQh gSA vc rd ;g la[;k 4 yk[k dks ikj dj pqdh gS] nks yk[k yksx ykpkj gks pqds gSAa gj o"kZ ekulwu ds ckn iwohZ mÙkj çns'k ds xksj[kiqj] nsofj;k] egjktxat] dq'khuxj] cLrh] fl)kFkZ uxj]

40

;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

mÙkj çns'k esa vketu ds LokLF; dh fcxM+rh gkyr dks xjhch dh js[kk ls tksMd + j ns[kuk Hkh t:jh gSA chekjh vkSj xjhch dk pksyh&nkeu dk lkFk txtkfgj gSA xjhc T;knk chekj iM+rs gSAa chekjh mUgsa vkSj cngky djrh gSA us'kuy lSEiy losZ ds vuqlkj mÙkj çns'k mu 6 jkT;ksa esa 'kqekj gS tgka fiNys 40 o"kksZa ls xjhcksa dh la[;k esa deh ugha vkbZ gSA çfr O;fDr fpfdRlk O;; dh –f"V ls m- ç- dk dkQh uhps LFkku gSA 2007 esa xfBr jk"Vªh; xzkeh.k LokLF; fe'ku us viuh jiV esa mÙkj çns'k] fcgkj lfgr mÙkj Hkkjr ds vU; jkT;ksa dh leh{kk ds ckn ;g fu"d"kZ fn;k Fkk fd m- ç- esa ekewyh lqËkkj gks jgk gSA LokLF; lsokvksa esa O;kIr dq'kklu] Hkz"Vkpkj vkSj jktuSfrd n[kaynkth ds pyrs mÙkj çns'k esa vke vkneh rd 50 çfr'kr gh LokLF; lsok,a igqp a ikrh gSAa nks o"kZ ls NksVs cPpksa ds Vhdkdj.k ds ekeys esa Hkh mÙkj çns'k lcls ihNs gSa vkSj ek= 23 çfr'kr Vhdkdj.k gh gqvk gSA vk'kk cgu ¼xkao dh çlwrkvks]a uotkrksa dh ns[kHkky ds fy, fu;qDr½ ek= f'k'kq iSnkb'k ds vklikl gh fn[krh gSAa ;fn yM+dk gqvk rks mUgsa eqga ekaxh lkSxkr pkfg,] yM+dh gqbZ rks Hkh] ysfdu mUgsa le; ij Vhdk yxkus dh Qqjlr ughaA ns'k ds lcls cM+s çns'k esa f'k'kq e`R;q nj çfr ,d gtkj ij 73 gS] tks lewps ns'k esa 57 ds vkSlr ls dgha vfËkd gSA bl çns'k esa flQZ 22 çfr'kr xHkZorh efgyk,a gh ljdkjh vLirkyksa esa cPpksa dks tUe nsrh gSAa 'ks"k 78 çfr'kr vçf'kf{kr nkb;ksa ds gokys gh gSAa vc vf[kys'k ljdkj u, LokLF; dsæa [kksyus dh dkxth ?kks"k.kk,a rks dj jgh gS] ij cngky vLirkyksa dh n'kk lqËkkjus ds fy, vc rd dqN ugha fd;kA mÙkj çns'k ds ljdkjh vLirkyksa ds 'kkSpky; ctctkrh uxj ikfydk dh misf{kr ukfy;ksa tSls gh fn[krs gSAa vxj ogka vkius y?kq'kadk] nh?kZ'kadk dj yh rks laØe.k gksuk r; gSA fQj Hkh yksx bu vLirkyksa ij gh fuHkZj jgus dks etcwj gSAa bl chp dkuiqj ds lik foËkk;d bjQku lksyd a h dh gjdr us iwjs çns'k dh turk dks vkSj vfËkd etcwj dj fn;kA fcuk bykt ds ejus dks foo'k dj fn;kA 1 ekpZ ls 6 ekpZ ds chp çns'k ds 700 ls vfËkd M‚DVjksa us lkewfgd bLrhQs fn,A 75 ls vfËkd ejhtksa dh thoy yhyk lekIr gks xbZ vkSj gtkjksa ejhtksa dks tcju fMLpktZ dj fn;k x;kA vktknh ls igys vkSj ckn ds n'kdksa esa mÙkj çns'k dh nqxfZ r mruh ugha Fkh ftruh fiNys nks n'kdksa esa gqbZ gSA D;ksfa d bl nkSjku mÙkj çns'k esa vyx&vyx ikfVZ;ksa dh ljdkjsa jktuhfrd tksM& + rksM+ dj lÙkk esa vkbZ vkSj çns'k dks dq'kklu dk ¢ v[kkM+k+ cuk fn;kA


mÙkj izn's k

oksV cSad dh ltk Hkqxrrk izns'k lkSjHk jk;

lektoknh

ikVhZ ds eqf[k;k eqyk;e flag ;kno vius lkalnksa o foËkk;dksa dks pkgs ftruh vuq'kklu dh ?kqêh fiyk ns]a yxrk ugha fd mldk dqN Hkh vlj iM+ jgk gSA rHkh rks dkuiqj ls lik foËkk;d bjQku lksyd a h ekewyh lh ckr dks ysdj fiNyh 28 rkjh[k dks x.ks'k 'kadj foËkkFkhZ esfMdy dkyst ds twfu;j MkDVlZ ls fHkM+ x,A lÙkk i{k ds ncax foËkk;d ls twfu;j MkWDVjksa dh fHkMar dkuiqj ds ofj"B iqfyl vËkh{kd ;'kLoh ;kno dks ukxokj xqtjhA fQj D;k Fkk mudk vkns'k feyrs gh iqfyl csdkcw gks xbZA twfu;j M‚DVjksa ij iqfyl us ykBhpktZ fd;kA bl ?kVuk esa chp&cpko djus vk, ofj"B fpfdRldksa dks Hkh iqfyl us ihVk] muls cnlywdh dhA Nk=koklksa ij

leFkZdksa ds f[kykQ dM+h dkjZokbZ pkgrs Fks] ysfdu mUgsa fujk'k gksuk iM+kA rc y[kuÅ ihB ds U;k;ewfrZ bfEr;kt eqrt Z k vkSj U;k;ewfrZ Mh-ds- mikË;k; us fpfdRldksa ls dke ij ykSVus dh vihy dh vkSj mUgsa Hkjkslk fnykrs gq, dgk fd ;fn mUgsa dksbZ ijs'kkuh ;k fnDdr vkrh gS rks os dHkh Hkh vnkyr vk ldrs gSAa nwljk] dkuiqj ds ofj"B iqfyl vËkh{kd ;'kLoh ;kno lfgr vHkærk ds nks"kh vU; iqfyl dfeZ;ksa ds rcknys ds Hkh vkns'k fn,A bl chp gM+cM+kgV esa vf[kys'k ljdkj us fpfdRldksa ij ncko cukus ds fy, ,Lek yxk fn;kA ij

dkuiqj ds ,d eqfLye foËkk;d vkSj ;kno vfËkdkjh dks cpkus ds fy, eqyk;e&vf[kys'k us iwjs çns'k dks ltk Hkqxrus ij etcwj dj fn;kA Nkisekjh dh xbZA gkL;kLin vkSj vk'p;Zpfdr dj nsus okyk igyw ;g jgk fd bl çdj.k ds lw=Ëkkj eq[; drkZËkrkZ foËkk;d lksyd a h ds fo#) dksbZ dkjZokbZ ugha dh xbZA tcfd dkuiqj esfMdy dkyst ds 40 Nk=ksa dks fofHkUu Ëkkjkvksa esa fxj¶rkj dj fy;k x;kA blds pyrs dkuiqj lesr çns'k ds lHkh esfMdy dkystksa esa gM+rky gks xbZA dkuiqj esfMdy dkyst ds fpfdRldksa dh gM+rky ds leFkZu esa çns'k ds ,dek= lqij Lisf'kfyVh vLirky lat; xkaËkh Lukrdksrj fpfdRlk foKku laLFkku] y[kuÅ ds fpfdRld Hkh vk x,A ftlds dkj.k iwjs çns'k dh fpfdRlk O;oLFkk fNUu&fHkUu gks xbZA funks"Z k jksxh nj&nj HkVd jgs FksA fpfdRld lM+dksa ij vk x,A çns'k dh jktËkkuh y[kuÅ esa fpfdRldksa us fdax tktZ esfMdy dkyst ls ysdj foËkkulHkk ds djhc thihvks rd ekpZ fd;k] Ëkjuk fn;kA bl chp fpfdRld çfrfufËk viuh ekaxksa ds leFkZu esa çns'k ds ;qok eq[;ea=h vf[kys'k ;kno ls feydj dkuiqj ds ,l-,l-ih- ;'kLoh ;kno] foËkk;d bjQku lksyd a h vkSj muds

gM+rkyh M‚DVj vius lkfFk;ksa dh fcuk 'krZ fjgkbZ vkSj bjQku lksyd a h lesr nks"kh iqfyldfeZ;ksa o vU; dh fxj¶rkjh ls de ij jkth ugha FksA fpfdRldksa dks ,slk yx jgk gS fd ljdkj vius foËkk;d vkSj mlds xqxksZa dks cpk jgh gSA gn rks rc gks xbZ] tc 6 ekpZ dks lik ds ,d dk;ZØe ds nkSjku eap ls eqyk;e flag ;kno us vius lacksËku ds nkSjku ehfM;k ls iwNk fd] ÞgM+rky ls dkSu ej jgk gS] D;k rqEgkjs ifjokj ls dksbZ ejkA* 6 ekpZ dks gh blh çdj.k ij ,d tufgr ;kfpdk dh lquokbZ djrs gq, eq[; U;k;ewfrZ bfEr;kt eqrt Z k vkSj U;k;ewfrZ Mh-ds- mikË;k; us çns'k ljdkj dh dk;Z ç.kkyh ij fVIi.kh djrs gq, dgk fd ^,slk çrhr gksrk gS fd çns'k esa dkuwu&O;oLFkk Qsy gks xbZ gSA* rc eq[;ea=h us dSfcusV ea=h f'kodqekj csfj;k dks dkuiqj HkstkA ofj"B iqfyl vËkh{kd ;'kLoh ;kno dks iqfyl egkfuns'kd dk;kZy; ls lacËa k djus] foËkk;d lksyd a h ds f[kykQ ,Q-vkbZ-vkj- ntZ djus o vU; nksf"k;ksa ds f[kykQ dM+h dkjZokbZ dh lwpuk nsdj ea=h us cM+h eqf'dy ls Nk=ksa dks jkth fd;kA blds ckn vkjksih cuk, x, 24 Nk= futh ck.M Hkjdj tsy ls ckgj vk,A 28 Qjojh dks gqbZ ?kVuk dh tkap ds fd, lsokfuo`r U;k;kËkh'k vkj-,e- pkSgku ds usrR` o esa ,d lnL;h; vk;ksx dk xBu dj fn;k x;k gS A ftls 3 lIrkg esa viuh U;k;ky; dks lkSia uh gSA ?kVuk ds dkj.k] mlds fy, ftEesnkj yksxksa dh lafyIrrk vkSj vfËkdkfj;ksa ds mÙkjnkf;Ro dk irk yxkuk gh bl vk;ksx ds xBu dk ewy mís'; gSA lw=ksa dk dguk gS fd ;'kLoh ;kno egkjk"Vª dSMj ds vfËkdkjh gSAa mÙkj izn's k esa budh rSukrh dk vkËkkj lÙkk 'kh"kZ dk djhch gksuk gh gSA nwljh rjQ foËkk;d bjQku lksyd a h ij dkjZokbZ djds eqyk;e flag ;kno eqfLye ernkrkvksa dks Hkh nq[kh ugha djuk pkgrs FksA ysfdu mÙkj çns'k dh turk lektoknh ikVhZ ds eq[;ea=h vf[kys'k ;kno ls ;g tkuuk pkgrh gS fd oksV cSd a dh jktuhfr ds pDdj esa çns'k dh funks"Z k turk dc rd ,sls ipM+kas esa Qalrh jgsxhA ¢ ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

41


fnYyh iqfyl

vktkn gSa v#.k ds gR;kjs v#.k dqekj vxzoky dh gR;k ds Ng eghus chr tkus ds ckn Hkh fnYyh iqfyl gR;kjs dk irk ugha yxk ikbZ gSA gR;kjs vc Hkh vktkn gSa vkSj iqfyl v#.k dh gR;k dh Qkby can djuk pkgrh gSA

kj vxzoky v#.k dqe

^^esjk HkkbZ vkRegR;k ugha dj ldrkA og fnYyh

ljdkj ds f'k{kk foHkkx esa vË;kid FkkA vkRegR;k rks gkjs gq, yksx djrs gSAa mlus rks gky gh esa vius lkFk gqbZ Ëkks[kkËkM+h esa thr gkfly dh FkhA ysfdu fnYyh iqfyl gekjs HkkbZ dh gR;k dks vkRegR;k esa rCnhy dj mldh Qkby can djuk pkgrh gSA** ;g O;Fkk lquhy dqekj vxzoky dh gSA os v#.k dqekj vxzoky ds cM+s HkkbZ gSAa xkSjryc gS fd v#.k dqekj vxzoky utQx<+ ds uxj fuxe izkFkfed fo|ky; Øekad 1@2 esa f'k{kd FksA ftudk 30 vxLr] 2013 dks igys vigj.k gqvk vkSj fQj dVh gqbZ yk'k jsyos ykbu ij 4 flracj] 2013 dks iyoy ¼gfj;k.kk½ ds ikl feyhA bl ckcr lquhy dqekj vxzoky dk ekuuk gS fd muds HkkbZ dh ;kstukc) <ax ls gR;k dh xbZ gSA vkSj bl gR;k esa os cSd a ls tqMs+ xcudrkZvksa dk gkFk ekurs gSAa mudk dguk gS fd foHkkxh; dkjZOkkbZ ds Bhd ckn gh 30 vxLr 2013 dks muds HkkbZ dk vigj.k dj fy;k x;k vkSj fQjkSrh u feyus ij gR;k dj nh xbZA crkrs pysa fd v#.k dqekj vxzoky dk fnYyh LVsV dks&vkWijsfVo cSd a ds utQx<+ 'kk[kk ds _.k [kkrk la[;k blhlh&852 Fkk] ftlesa cSd a deZpkfj;ksa us QthZ izfof"V;ka dj yxHkx 2 yk[k #i, dk xcu fd;k x;k FkkA bl ckcr v#.k dqekj vxzoky us iqfyl esa f'kdk;r Hkh dh Fkh] ysfdu Ng eghus rd ,QvkbZvkj Hkh ugha fy[kh xbZA ckn esa iqfyl vk;qDr

42

;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

latho dqekj

ds gLr{ksi ls ,QvkbZvkj ntZ gqbAZ nwljh rjQ v#.k dqekj vxzoky us lwpuk vfËkdkj dkuwu dk bLrseky dj cSd a ds cM+s vfËkdkfj;ksa rd vius lkFk gq, Ëkks[kkËkM+h dh ckr igqp a kbZA cSd a dh foHkkxh; tkap esa v#.k dqekj dh ckr lgh fudyh vkSj cSd a us foHkkxh; dkjZOkkbZ djrs gq, nks"kh deZpkfj;ksa dks c[kkZLr djus vkSj xcu dh xbZ jkf'k dh olwyh dk vkns'k fn;k FkkA bl vkns'k ds ckn gh vpkud v#.k dqekj vxzoky jgL;e; <ax ls xk;c gks x,A ?kj ds yksxksa us Fkkus esa fjiksVZ Hkh ntZ djkbZA vxys v#.k ds gh eksckby Qksu ls mudh iRuh ds eksckby ij ,d ,l,e,l vk;k] ftlesa v#.k ds vigj.k gksus vkSj fQjkSrh ds fy, ipkl yk[k #i, dh ekax dh xbZA mlds ckn ?kjokyksa us 31 vxLr dks Fkkus esa ,l,e,l fn[kkrs gq, vigj.k gksus dh ckr crkbZA iqfyl us ,QvkbZvkj ntZ djrs gq, vigj.k dh tkap esa yx xbZA iqfyl Vhe eksckby dh VSfª dax Hkh djrh jgh] ysfdu vxys rhu fnuksa esa v#.k dh eksckby ls gh rhu ,l,e,l vk, ftlesa vxzoky ifjokj dks Ëkedk;k x;kA fQjkSrh u feyus ij v#.k dqeq kj vxzoky dks tku ls ekjus dh Ëkedh Hkh nh xbZA nwljh rjQ iqfyl dh ,d VqdM+h iyoy ds vkl&ikl gh tkap&iM+rky dj jgh Fkh] rHkh v#.k dk eksckby vkWu gqvk vkSj thvkjih us crk;k fd ^Qksu Lokeh dh dVh gqbZ yk'k jsy dh iVjh ij iM+h gqbZ gSA* bu lkjs ?kVukØeksa vkSj lk{;ksa ds ckotwn fnYyh iqfyl ds tkap vfËkdkjh bl ekeys dks vkRegR;k crk jgs gSAa bl gR;k ls tqMs+ dbZ ,sls loky gS]a ftldk mÙkj fnYyh iqfyl ds tkap vfËkdkjh ds ikl Hkh ugha gSA blfy, os ekeys dks BaMs cLrs esa Mkyuk pkgrs gSAa bl ekeys ls tqMs+ tkap vfËkdkjh bl ckcr dqN Hkh crkus ls badkj dj jgs gSAa ogha bl ekeys dks ysdj e`rd ds HkkbZ lquhy dqekj vxzoky fnYyh iqfyl vk;qDr ch,l cLlh ls Hkh fey pqds gSAa ysfdu iqfyl vk;qDr Hkh dksbZ Bksl mÙkj nsus dh fLFkfr esa ugha gSAa ,slh fLFkfr esa lquhy vxzoky pkgrs gSa fd muds HkkbZ dh gR;k dh tkap vijkËk 'kk[kk ls djkbZ tk,A cgjgky vxzoky ifjokj dks U;k; dk bartkj gSA ¢


mÙkjk[kaM

dc VwVsxk ukikd xBtksM+ f'ko 'kadj tk;loky

Lokeh f'kokuUn 14 Qjojh ls ,d ckj fQj vu'ku ij gSa- flQZ uhacw&ikuh ij fuokZg dj jgs gSaA bls og riL;k dgrs gSaA xaxk dh fueZyrk&ifo=rk o mlds vfojy çokg dh j{kk ds fy, riA ekr` lnu] ftlds os laLFkkid gSa] xaxk rFkk i;kZoj.k dh j{kk ds fy, foxr 15 o"kksaZ ls fujarj la?k"kZjr gSA 1998 ls vc rd bl eqís ij os Lo;a rFkk muds f'k"; yxHkx 40 ckj vu'ku&lR;kxzg dj pqds gSaA Lokeh fuxekuUn us rks bl ;K esa vius çk.kksa rd dh vkgqfr ns nhA

f'kokuUn

ds ri dk eq[; mís'; bl ckj Hkh xaxk dks [kuu ls gksus okyh {kfr ls cpkuk gSA os iwjs gfj}kj {ks= dks [kuu ls loZFkk eqDr fd;s tkus dh ekax ij vM+s gq, gSAa xaxk rFkk dqN vU; ufn;ksa ls jsr] ctjh] iRFkj vkfn fudkyus dk dke iwjs jkT; esa gksrk gSA budh t#jr O;fDrxr Hkou&fuekZ.k ds vykok vusd ljdkjh dkeksa esa gksrh gSA fdUrq ;g jkT; esa cgqr cM+h leL;k curk tk jgk gS] D;ksfa d [kuu çk;% voSKkfud rjhds ls vkSj fu;eksa dks rkd ij j[krs gq, fd;k tkrk gSA fu;ekuqlkj gfj}kj esa xaxk dh Ëkkjk esa [kuu ugha] pqxku gksuk pkfg,A igkM+kas ls mrjrh xaxk vius lkFk tks [kfut cgkdj ykrh gS] os eSnku esa igqp a us ij mldh Ëkkjk esa tek gksrs jgs rks ml ij çfrdwy çHkko iM+x s kA blfy, mldk pqxku gksrs jguk pkfg,A fdUrq pqxku ds uke ij [kfut ds fy, cM+h&cM+h e'khuksa ls xaxk esa xgjkbZ rd [kqnkbZ gksrh gS] mlds fdukjksa dks <gk;k tkrk gS vkSj mu ij [kM+s o`{k u"V dj fn, tkrs gSAa Lokeh f'kokuan ds vuqlkj jktkth us'kuy ikdZ dh lhek ds 10 fdyksehVj ds varxZr [kuu dh vuqefr ugha gS] ysfdu ogka Hkh [kuu gksrk gSA ;g lc dqN iqfyl] ç'kklu vkSj jktusrkvksa dh lkFk&xkaB ds pyrs dHkh ËkM+Yys ls rks dHkh yqd&fNi dj pyrk gSA tu lkekU; leL;k ds çfr vius dkj.kksa ls mnklhu jgrk gSA gfj}kj ds

gtkjksa eB&eafnj&vkJe Hkh mldh vksj mis{kk dk Hkko cuk, jgrs gSAa yxHkx ;gh gky vU; ËkkfeZd&lkekftd laLFkkvksa dk jgrk gSA foxr dqEHk ds volj ij vycÙkk larksa us xaxk j{kk dk ladYi fy;k FkkA ftl iSekus ij vkSj ftl rjg la?k"kZ ds fy, 'ka[kukn fd;k x;k] mlls rks yxk fd xaxk dh ifo=rk ds fnu cgqjus okys gSAa ysfdu mlds ckn xaxk j{kk dh vy[k txkus dk ftEek çk;% ekr` lnu dk gh jgkA Hkktik dh ofj"B us=h lkËoh mek Hkkjrh us Hkh lexz xaxk vfHk;ku ds rgr xaxk dks ifo= j[kus vkSj mldh vfojyrk ds fy, la?k"kZ dk fcxqy ctk;kA çks- th-Mh- vxzoky us dbZ yacs vu'ku fd,A ijUrq ifj.kke jgk] ogh <kd ds rhu ikrA ekr` lnu dk vfHk;ku dqEHk {ks= vkSj mlds ckgj gfj}kj dh ifjfËk esa xaxk esa [kuu ij iw.kZ çfrcUËk ds fy, gSA ifj.kke pkgs tks Hkh gks] ;g vkJe bl mís'; dks çkIr djus rd yxkrkj tw>rs jgus dks —rladYi gSA ekr` lnu gfj}kj esa [kuu ds vkËkkj dks gh xyr ekurk gSA f'kokuan lkQ dgrs gSa fd xaxk esa [kfut lkexzh dh yxkrkj vkiwfrZ dk] ç'kklu dk rdZ cscfq u;kn gSA mudk vkJe xaxk ds fdukjs fLFkr gSA os Ëkkjk dks o"kksZa ls utnhd ls ns[k jgs gSAa os pqukSrh nsrs gq, dgrs gSa fd igkM+kas ls iRFkj cg dj uhps xaxk esa ugha vkrs] ftudk pqxku t:jh gksA [kuu rks fu;efo#) gS ghA gfj}kj esa xaxk ds dqN {ks=ksa esa [kuu ;k pqxku ugha fd;k tkrkA D;k ogka mldh Ëkkjk ij dksbZ foijhr vlj iM+k gS] os iwNrs gSAa ç'kklu Lokeh f'kokuUn ls dbZ ckj vkxzg dj pqdk gS fd os ri R;kxsAa os vfMx gSAa dgrs gSa fpark esjh ugha] xaxk ds LokLF; dh dh tkuh pkfg,A oSls Hkh os vius dks LoLFk crkrs gSAa M‚DVj LokLF;&ijh{k.k ds fy, dbZ ckj Hksts x,A mUgsa os ykSVk nsrs gSAa ns[kuk gS fd dkSu igys VwVrk gS] ,d lar dk ËkS;Z vkSj ri vFkok dfFkr :i ¢ ls 'kklu&ç'kklu&usrk&[kuu ekfQ;k dk ukikd xBtksMA+ ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

43


fopkj ukjk;.k nÙk frokjh us vkf[kjdkj jksfgr 'ks[kj dks viuk iq= Lohdkj dj fy;kA MkW- mTToyk 'kekZ ds iq= jksfgr us blds fy, vnkyr dk njoktk [kV[kVk;k Fkk vkSj ekeyk loksZPp U;k;ky; rd x;k FkkA vius rjg ds vuwBs vkSj cgqpfpZr ekeys dks ofj"B i=dkj lw;Zdkar ckyh Hkkjrh; ijaijk ds Hkqyk fn, x, ,d igyw ls ifjfpr djk jgs gSaA

xkSjo'kkyh ijaijk dk :ikarj.k ,d yach dkuwuh tn~nkstgn ds ckn jksfgr 'ks[kj us vkf[kjdkj vius tUenkrk firk

ukjk;.k nÙk frokjh ls ;g Lohdkj djokus esa lQyrk gkfly dj yh fd os gh jksfgr ds firk ga]S tUenkrk firk gaAS ,u-Mh- frokjh us varr% bl lai.w kZ çlax dks ,d lq[kn HkkoukRed Lo:i çnku dj fn;kA ;g 'kk;n blfy, laHko gks ik;k fd vius yacs vkSj vfr lQy lkoZtfud thou ds vuqHko ls mUgsa bl ckr dh dgha u dgha xgjh vuqHkwfr gks xbZ Fkh fd mUgsa u dsoy lp dks Lohdkj dj vius 'ks"k thou dh f'k[kj osyk dks fooknkLin ugha cus jgus nsuk pkfg,] cfYd mls Lohd`fr dh Lo.kZ vkHkk ls eafMr dj nsuk pkfg,A vkSj os ,slk djus esa lQy jgsA nsj vk;n] nqjLr vk;nA ij Js; vkSj ;'k ds vlyh gdnkj ;qok jksfgr 'ks[kj vkSj mudh eka M‚- mTToyk 'kekZ jgsA ftUgksua s lkekftd fVIif.k;ksa dh ijokg fd, fcuk vius vfèkdkj dks dkuwuh vkSj lcls c<+dj lkekftd ekU;rk fnyokus ds fy, yack Ëkhjt Hkjk la?k"kZ cM+s gh 'kkunkj rjhds ls fd;kA ge 'kkunkj blfy, dg jgs gSa fd M‚- mTToyk 'kekZ us bl iwjs izdj.k ds nkSjku vius O;ogkj dh Js"Brk bl dnj cuk, j[kh fd mUgkaus s lekt ds dqN gYds yksxksa dks vius Åij vkSj bl iwjs çlax ij fVIi.kh dk volj ugha fn;kA ,d eka ds :i esa viuh] ,d ç.k;h lkFkh ds :i esa ,u-Mh- frokjh dh vkSj viuh larku jksfgr ds O;fDrRo dh ÅapkbZ dks ges'kk cuk, gh ugha j[kk] cfYd mls c<+kus dk dke Hkh fd;kA blh dk urhtk ;g lkeus vk;k fd bl çlax dh lq[kn ifj.kfr brus 'kkunkj rjhds ls ns'k ds lkeus gqb]Z ftldh rkjhQ fd, fcuk jgk ugha tk ldrkA ij ftruk ge M‚- mTToyk 'kekZ ds O;fDrRo dks tkurs&le>rs gS]a ftldk irk yksxksa dks èkhjs&èkhjs gh gks ik;k gksxk] ;k vHkh gksxkA og ;g fd M‚- mTToyk laLd`r Hkk"kk vkSj lkfgR; dh ije fonq"kh gSAa os fnYyh fo'ofo|ky; ls laLd`r esa ,e-,- vkSj ih,pMh rks gSa gh] o"kksaZ rd os blh fo'ofo|ky; esa laLd`r foHkkx esa çkè;kfidk Hkh jgh gSAa ;kuh mUgsa vius ns'k dh laLd`fr] bfrgkl vkSj ijaijk dk Bhd ls vkSj iwjh xgjkbZ ls irk gSA vxj os dksf'k'k djrha rks vius vkSj ,u-Mh- frokjh ds vkRet jksfgr tSls foosd'khy vkSj nwjn'kÊ ;qok ds bl dfBu vkSj yacs la?k"kZ ds ekè;e ls Hkkjr dh ml ijaijk dks u;k thou çnku dj ldrh Fkha] tks ijaijk egkHkkjr dky esa vPNs ls izpfyr Fkh] ysfdu ckn dh lfn;ks]a lglzkfCn;ksa rd ml ij le; ds èkaèq kyds dk ,slk inkZ iM+k fd ns'k mls Hkwy x;k gSA og ijaijk ;g gS fd gekjs ;gka] ;kuh vius Hkkjr es]a larku dh igpku flQZ firk ds lkFk gh ugha] cfYd ekrk ds lkFk Hkh jgh gSA dqN ekeyksa esa rks firk dh vis{kk ekrk ds lkFk vfËkd jgh gSA gekjh Le`fr esa jke n'kjFkuanu rks gSa gh] mruk gh ;k mlls Hkh vfèkd dkS'kY;kuanu Hkh gSAa y{e.k dk uke lkSfe= ;k lqfe=kuanu Hkh mudh eka lqfe=k ds uke ij gh gSA vtZuq ikaMq iq= gS]a ik.Mo gS]a ij mlls dgha T;knk mudk mYys[k dqUrh iq= ^dkSUrs;* ds :i esa gSA [kqn egkHkkjr ds jpf;rk osnO;kl dks ge muds firk ikjk'kj ds dkj.k de] ;k djhc&djhc ugha] cfYd lR;orhuanu ;kuh lR;orh iq= ds :i esa gh


vc tcfd jksfgr ds firk dks ysdj fookn ugha jgk] lekËkku gks pqdk gS] M‚- mTToyk 'kekZ jksfgr dks jksfgr frokjh dh ctk, jksfgr 'kekZ dgs tkus ij fo'ks"k vkSj dkuwuh vkxzg dj ldrh gaSA vkSj lekt esa ,d foyqIr gks pqdh LoLFk ijaijk esa uwru ÅtkZ çnku dj ldrh gSaA

tkurs gSAa ogha d.kZ dh [;kfr jkèks; ;k jkèkkiq= ds :i esa gh T;knk gS] xksn ysus okys firk vËkhjFk ds dkj.k ughaA dkSjoksa esa Hkh nq;kZès ku] nq'kklu vkfn dks èk`rjk"Vª ds iq= dh rqyuk esa izk;% xkaèkkjhuanu gh dgk x;k gSA ^;Fkk jktk rFkk çtk* ;fn lgh mfDr gS rks tkfgj gS fd ;g lkekftd O;ogkj ml le; Hkkjr ds yksxksa esa Hkh [kwc izpfyr jgk gksxkA bruk gh ugha gS] egkHkkjr esa rks O;fDr dh tkfr dk fuèkkZj.k firk ls ugha] ekrk ls gh gSA O;kl czkã.k firk ikjk'kj vkSj nfyr ekrk lR;orh dh larku FksA ij mUgsa firk ugha cfYd ekrk dh tkfr ls gh tkuk x;kA ge tkurs gSa fd ekrk lR;orh dh vkKk ls osnO;kl us dq: jkt?kjkus dks rhu larkus çnku dha& èk`rjk"Vª] ikaMq vkSj fonqjA buesa ls èk`rjk"Vª vkSj ikaMq rks {kf=; ekus x,] D;ksfa d os nksuksa vfEcdk vkSj vackfydk uked {kf=; eka dh larku FksA ij mUgha firk O;kl ls çkkIr rhljh larku fonqj dks nfyr ;kuh rc dh Hkk"kk esa 'kwæ ekuk x;kA D;ksfa d os ,d nklh ds xHkZ ls iSnk gq, FksA ,sls vusd mnkgj.k egkHkkjr esa Hkjs iM+s gSAa ij gekjk ;gka ij eq[; fo"k; tkfr ugha] eka dh lkekftd izfr"Bk ls gSA ftl Hkkjr dks nfd;kuwlh dgdj gekjs vkt ds if'pe&ijLr cqf)thoh ikuh ih&ihdj dkslrs ugha Fkdrs] mlh Hkkjr esa ukjh dh] eka dh izfr"Bk ;g Fkh fd larku dh igpku firk ls de ekrk ls gh vfËkd gksrh FkhA chrh lfn;ksa esa firk ds i{k esa dSls vkSj D;ksa iyM+k >qd x;k] bl ij xgjs 'kksèk dh t:jr cuh gqbZ gSA ijarq gekjk dguk ;g gS fd laLd`r dh vkSj Hkkjr dh iqjkuh ijaijk dh fonq"kh çks- mTToyk 'kekZ ds mnkgj.k ds ekè;e ls Hkkjr dh foyqIr gks pqdh bl xkSjo'kkyh ijaijk dks u, fljs ls ifjHkkf"kr o LFkkfir djus dk ekSdk FkkA fonq"kh eka dks ;fn ,d ckj ;g ladrs vk tkrk] ;k fopkj vkrk fd eq>s vius iq= dks eka dk uke nsdj Hkkjrh; lekt esa L=h dh çkphu Hkkjrh; izfr"Bk dks fQj ls LFkkfir djuk gS] rks os cM+h

gh vklkuh ls] rdZiow d Z vkSj iwjs lEeku ds lkFk ,slk dj ldrh FkhaA jksfgr 'ks[kj }kjk çkIr bl dkuwuh thr ds ckn Hkh os pkgas rks oSlk dj ldrh gSAa vc tcfd jksfgr ds firk dks ysdj fookn ugha jgk] lekËkku gks pqdk gS] M‚- mTToyk 'kekZ jksfgr dks jksfgr frokjh dh ctk, jksfgr 'kekZ dgs tkus ij fo'ks"k vkSj dkuwuh vkxzg dj ldrh gaAS vkSj lekt esa ,d foyqIr gks pqdh LoLFk ijaijk esa uwru ÅtkZ çnku dj ldrh gSAa ;g rks gekjk lq>ko ek= gSA iwjs ifjçs{; esa QSlyk rks M‚mTToyk 'kekZ vkSj jksfgr dks gh ysuk gSA mUgsa QSlyk djus esa enn feys] blds fy, ge bruk gh dg ldrs gSa tks eka 9 eghus rd larku dks viuh vewY; dks[k esa cM+k djrh gS]a tUe ds ckn mldk ykyu&ikyu djrh gS]a mls f'k{kk vkSj laLdkj nsrh gS]a igpku rks okLro esa mlh ekrk ds uke ij feyuh pkfg,A tSls xaxk iq= Hkh"e dks feyh] lR;orh iq= O;kl dks feyh] dqUrh iq= vtZuq dks feyh] nsodh uanu d`".k dks feyh] dkS'kY;kuanu jke dks feyh] jkèkkuanu d.kZ dks feyhA firk dk egRo dsoy mlh {k.k dk gS ftl {k.k og cht dk oiu djrk gSA mlds ckn dk rks lkjk nkf;Ro] d"V vkSj mYykl eka dk gh gSA ,u-Mh- frokjh us rks vkf[kjdkj jksfgr dks iq= ekudj xys yxk fy;k] rhu n'kdksa ds ckr gh lghA ij O;kl dks tUe nsus okys ikjk'kj rks xHkkZèkku dj nsus ds ckotwn 'kk;n dHkh [kkst&[kcj ysus Hkh ugha vk, fd ftl lR;orh ls mUgksua s larku pkgh Fkh] og larku gqbZ ;k ugha\ gqbZ rks fQj mldk D;k gqvk\ lekt esa firk ds lkFk&lkFk] ;k fQj firk dh ctk; eka ds lkFk larku dh igpku LFkkfir gksus dk flyflyk cuk] rks dYiuk dhft, fd lekt esa L=h dk #rck fdl dnj xfjek vkSj lEeku ls Hkjiwj gks tk,xkA lgefr ls] Nykos ls ;k cykr~ eka cuk nh tkus okyh L=h ds çfr ;kuh eka cuus okyh L=h ek= ds çfr] iwjs lekt ds utfj, esa dSlk vkewypwy ifjorZu vk tk,xkA ;dhuu ;g ifjorZu ldkjkRed vkSj LoLFk rks gksxk gh] L=h dh Lora=rk dh fn'kk esa Hkh ,d vHkwriwoZ dne gksxkA lekt dks bruk dqN ns ikus dk Lof.kZe volj M‚- mTToyk 'kekZ ds ikl vHkh Hkh gSA QSlyk mUgha dks djuk gSA ¢ ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

45


fons'k

;wØsu ladV] iqfru dk jkSc iq"is'k iar

lkE;oknh cksY'ksfod Økafr ls igys ^tkj'kkgh ;qx* esa :lh lkezkT; ftl fo'kky {ks= esa QSyk Fkk]

mldh HkkSxksfyd vkSj tutkrh; fofoËkrk vlkËkkj.k FkhA ,d Nksj ij lkbcsfj;k dh vksj phu ls :l dh ljgn Nwrh FkhA ogha nwljh rjQ vkfLVª;k] gaxjh dh lhek dksA ekufp= esa bldk vkdkj dqy tehu ds yxHkx NBs fgLls ij js[kkafdr FkkA eË; ,f'k;k rFkk Ëkwj iwjc ds dbZ çns'k ,sls Fks ftuds lkFk bl ;wjfs 'k;kbZ lkezkT; dk] vkSj mldh jktËkkuh dk lacËa k cgqr {kh.k jgrk FkkA lqnjw iwoZ esa lkbcsfj;k okyk futZu cQhZyk çkar naM}hi gh le>k tkrk Fkk vkSj chloha lnh ds eË; ls igys ogka dh ou vFkok [kfut laink dk nksgu nq"dj FkkA HkkSxksfyd gh ugha] HkkoukRed nwfj;ka Hkh de egRoiw.kZ ugha le>h tk ldrhaA elyu eË;&,f'k;k ds tks x.kjkT; LokËkhu jkT;ksa ds la?k ds lnL; gS]a os tutkrh; rFkk lkaL—frd –f"V ls ;wjksih; :l ls cgqr fHkUu gSAa ;gka lfn;ksa ls bZlkbZ ËkeZ dk ugha] cfYd bLyke dk Hkh opZLo jgk gSA vkSj Hkys gh LVkfyu us cgqjk"Vªh;rk dh leL;k dk lekËkku cyiwod Z ukfLrd lkE;oknh fopkjËkkjk ds vkjksi.k ls djus dk ç;kl fd;k] bl ç;ksx dh foQyrk mlds fuËku ds igys gh mtkxj gksus yxh FkhA 'khr ;q) ds o"kksZa esa lksfo;r la?k dh ,drk vkSj v[kaMrk dks ns'k çse dh nqgkbZ nsrs gq, cjdjkj j[kuk vis{kk—r lgt Fkk] ij ruko 'kSfFkY; ds lkFk gh fodsUæhdj.k vkSj Lo'kklu dh ekax mBus yxh FkhA vtjcStku] mtcsfdLrku] dtkfdLrku] pspUs ;k] nkfxLrku blh dh felky is'k djrs gSAa ij ;wØus ds ckjs esa ;g ugha dgk tk ldrk] cfYd mldh fLFkfr rks nwljs mu lwcksa ls Hkh vyx gS& csyk#l] ,LVksfu;k] ykfRo;k ljh[ks tks lksfo;r la?k ds iru ds ckn Hkh ekLdks dh Ëkqjh ls lg"kZ tqMs+ jgs gSAa pkj&ikap lkS lky igys ekLdks ds mn; ds igys fd,o ¼dhok ;k dho½ gh ^:l* dk eeZLFky le>k tkrk FkkA :l dh lkaL—frd igpku vfHkUu :i ls bl 'kgj rFkk nwljs cM+s ;wØus h 'kgj [kkjdkSo ls tqMh+ jgh gSA 19oha&20oha lnh ls igys okys ;wjksih; bfrgkl ds iUus iyVrs gh ;g ckr lkQ gks tkrh gS fd :l ges'kk gh bl bykds esa loZ&'kfDreku ugha jgk gSA ,d tekuk og Hkh Fkk] tc iksyM aS dk vkfËkiR; :l ij FkkA bl nkSj esa mlls layXu {ks= esa if'pe ds çfr vkd"kZ.k c<+uk LokHkkfod FkkA fd,o uxj ds iM+kl s esa cgus okyh unh ,d rjg ls bl çns'k dks nks Hkkx esa foHkkftr djrh gS] ftuesa ,d [kqn dks :l ds lkFk tksMs+ j[kuk pkgrk gS vkSj nwljk chp&chp esa viuk eqga if'peh ;wjksi dh rjQ eksMu+ s dk yksHk laoj.k ugha dj ldrkA foMacuk ;g gS fd if'pe dh fn'kk esa ;wjky ioZr ekyk ,d çk—frd ckËkk is'k djrh gS vkSj ;g ÅcM+&[kkcM+ igkM+h bykdk moZj ugha] ;gka jgus okys jkstxkj ds fy, iwjc dh vksj gh ns[krs jgs gSAa :lh cksyus okys iqjfc, bUgsa mtì rFkk vjktd ekurs vk, gSAa vr% ;g lq>kuk rdZlx a r gS fd vyxkooknh ekufldrk vpkud çdV ugha gks jgh gSA lksfo;r la?k dh egRoiw.kZ bdkbZ ds :i esa bl Hkw&Hkkx dh igpku ns'k dh Hkw[k feVkus okys vUu HkaMkj dh FkhA dsæa h; fu;kstu ds nkSj esa ;gka VªDs Vjks]a Vªdksa rFkk VSd a ksa dk mRiknu djus okys cM+& s cM+s dkj[kkus yxk, x,A vkt ;wØus dk tks iwjch fgLlk :l ls tqMk+ gS] mlesa dks;ys dh [knkuas gSAa nf{k.k iwoZ dh fn'kk esa Øhfe;k dk Lo'kkflr x.kjkT; lscLs VksikSy ds ,sfrgkfld canjxkg gksus ds dkj.k :l ds fy, lkefjd egRo dk jgk gSA blh ds tfj, mldh igqp a ^dkyk lkxj* rd gksrh gSA usiksfy;u ls ysdj fgVyj rd lHkh geykoj ;wØus ds ços'k&}kj ls gh :l esa nkf[ky gq, gSAa blh dkj.k lksfo;r la?k ds fo?kVu vkSj lkE;oknh lkezkT; ds foy; ds ckn Hkh :l us lkefjd laons u'khyrk ds eísutj ;wØus ls tqMs+ lhekar ij yk[kksa :lh lSfud rSukr j[ks gSAa ;wØus okfl;ksa dh ;g f'kdk;r Hkh jgh gS fd nqxZ dk }kjiky gksus ds dkj.k fdlh Hkh vkØe.k dk lcls vfËkd uqdlku mUgsa mBkuk iM+rk gS] ftldh {kfriwfrZ dHkh ugha gks ikrhA mUgsa yxrk gS fd ekLdks dh [kqnxtZ ljdkj muds fgrksa dh mis{kk gh djrh vkbZ gSA ;g f'kdk;r iwjh rjg uktk;t Hkh ugha dgh tk ldrhA psjuksfcy dh ijekf.od nq?kZVuk ls ?kk;y gksus ds ckn Hkh mlds ?kkoksa esa ejge yxkus esa Vky&eVksy gksrh jghA tgka rd vkS|ksxhdj.k dh ckr gS rks vc rd ;g ckr lkQ gks pqdh gS fd ;wØus vkt Hkh :lh —ik ij fuHkZj gSA lksfo;r ;qx esa tks Hkh cM+& s cM+s la;= a ;gka yxk, x,] muesa cuus okyh phtksa ds dy&iqtZs nwljs çns'kksa esa cuk, tkrs FksA mls tksMu+ s dk dke ;gka gksrk Fkk&pkgs —f"k midj.k gks ;k lSU; lkekuA rhljh nqfu;k ds lkFk budk ykHkçn dsæa h—r fu;kZr Hkh ekLdks ls gh lapkfyr gksrk FkkA blds vykok lkjs m|ksx ËkaËkksa dh ÅtkZ t:jrsa lLrh :lh xSl

46

;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014


;wØsu dk ladV dksbZ u;k ugha gS] cfYd cgqr iqjkuk gSA bldk lkFkZd fo'ys"k.k djus ds fy, bldh Hkw&jktuSfrd fLFkfr vkSj ,sfrgkfld vuqHkoksa dh iM+rky csgn t:jh gSA

rFkk lqyHk rsy ij fuHkZj gSA ;g lp gS fd ;wjksi rd :lh rsy] xSl igqp a kus okyh ikbi ykbu ;wØus ls gksdj xqtjrh gS] ij ;g lkspuk cpiuk gS fd bu ij fu;a=.k ds dkj.k og :l ij jktuf;d ncko Mky ldrk gSA ;wØus dh vkcknh djhc lk<+s pkj djksM+ gSA eryc ;g fd :l dh dqy vkcknh dk dksbZ ikapoka fgLlkA ij] ;g dYiuk djuk dfBu gS fd og fdlh Hkh rjg ml egk'kfDr ds led{k gSA nSR;kdkj iM+kl s h dh Nk;k esa jgus dks foo'k ;wØus dh fu;fr dukMk ;k eSfDldks tSlh fn[kkbZ nsrh gSA ;g ns'k viuh LokËkhurk dk Hkze rHkh rd iky ldrk gS] tc rd rkdroj iM+kl s h ;g vuqefr nsrk gS& LosPNk ls laçHkqrk dks lhfer&ladfq pr djus esa gh budk dY;k.k gSA pqukSrh nsus ;k çfrLiËkkZ dh egRokdka{kk vkRe?kkrd gh fl) gks ldrh gSA phu ds iM+kl s h eaxksfy;k] dksfj;k] E;kaekj vkSj ,d gn rd f}rh; egk;q) esa ijkftr gksus ds ckn tkiku Hkh deksc's k blh rjg foo'k gSAa tc rd vesfjdh N=&Nk;k lqyHk Fkh FkkbZyM aS ] tkiku] nf{k.kh dksfj;k fuf'par& fujkin cSBs jg ldrs FksA vkt ,slk ugha gSA gka] nf{k.k ,f'k;k ds lanHkZ esa Hkkjr dh rqyuk mlds NksVs iM+kfs l;ksa ls djus dk ykyp u djsAa 1947 ls gh Hkkjr dk dn ckSuk djus ds fy, vesfjdk ikfdLrku dks cSlkf[k;ka lqyHk djkrk jgk gSA lkFk gh 1960 ds n'kd ds vkjaHk ls gh phu bl "kMîa= esa 'kkfey jgk gSA [kqn dks turkaf=d ?kksf"kr djrk Hkkjr usiky] E;kaekj] eynho rd esa rVLFk cSBk jgk gSA 1971 esa ckaXykns'k ds eqfDr laxkz e esa mldh Hkwfedk ,dek= viokn gSA cgjgky] iqfru ds fy, ihNs gVuk laHko ughaA muds fy, flQZ çekf.kr djuk egRoiw.kZ ugha fd og :l esa loZ'kfDreku usrk gSAa bl miyfCËk dk dksbZ vFkZ ugha] tc rd :l dh fxurh fo'o dh çeq[k 'kfDr;ksa esa ugha gksrhA jk"Vªifr ds :i esa nks dk;Zdky iwjk dj mUgksua s lafoËkku dk vknj dj viuh dqlhZ dh fgQktr ds fy, esnosnos dks pkj lky rd jk"Vªifr cuk;kA ;g muds nwljs jktikV dk igyk pj.k gSA vc rd og ;g çekf. kr dj pqds gSa fd :lh lkE;oknh ikVhZ mudks pqukSrh nsus dh gkyr esa ugha gSA ;g vk'kk Hkh fuewy Z lkfcr gqbZ gS fd mu ij ncko Mky if'pe mudh ljdkj dks ekuoh; vfËkdkjksa ds çfr vfËkd laons u'khy ;k turkaf=d cuk ldrk gSA vlar"q V jktuSfrd fojksËkh gksa vFkok oSdfYid thou&;kiu 'kSyh pquus okys leySfa xd lHkh dk neu vlfg".kq ccZjrk ls fd;k tkrk jgk gSA LuksMu dks 'kj.k nsuk gks ;k fQj ng'krxnZ Ëkefd;ksa ds ckotwn lksph esa 'khrdkyhu vksyfa id [ksyksa ds vk;kstu esa mudh Nfo vljnkj] yxHkx ckgqcyh usrk dh gSA blesa ,d ckj njkj iM+us ds ckn vius bdcky dks cjdjkj j[kuk muds fy, dfBu gks ldrk gSA ij] tkfgj gS fd vHkh os vodk'k xzg.k djus dh eqæk esa ughaA vesfjdk rFkk vU; if'peh ns'k ftruk th pkgs psrkofu;ka vkSj Ëkedh Oykfnehj iqfru dks ns ldrs gSA os :lh vkpj.k dh fuank dj ldrs gS]a ij ;g ckr vPNh rjg le>rs gSa fd os iqfru dk ;k :l dk dqN fcxkM+ ugha ldrsA ;gh dkj.k gS fd iqfru viuh bPNkuqlkj ljgn ij rSukr :lh lSfudksa dh ykecanh dk ,syku dj ldrs gSAa ;g dgrs gSa fd ,slk flQZ ;wØus esa :lh ukxfjdksa dh fgQktr ds fy, fd;k tk jgk gS ;k fd fQygky ;g ek= ,gfr;kru fy;k x;k dne gSA lSfud gLr{ksi dh t:jr vHkh eglwl ugha gksrh vkfnA cM+s dkS'ky ls mUgksua s gkjh ckth dk iklk iyV vius i{k esa cny fy;k gSA ftl oDr nqfu;k Hkj dk Ë;ku bl ladV ij yxk Fkk fd :lh lSfud ;wØus dh iwohZ ljgn dc ikj djsx a ]s iqfru blesa dke;kc gq, fd Øhfe;k us rqjra &Qqjra tuer&laxgz djk dj ;g ,syku dj fn;k fd og :l esa viuk foy; dj jgk gSA ;g lp gS fd Øhfe;k çk;}hi vc rd ;wØus dk fgLlk jgk gS] ij mls Lo'kkflr çns'k dk ntkZ çkIr FkkA ;g >qBykuk lgt ugha fd ogka dh turk dks vkRe&fu.kZ; ds vfËkdkj ls oafpr j[kk x;k Fkk! gka] ;g ykaNu t:j yxk;k tk ldrk gS fd :lh laxhuksa dh Nk;k esa fuHkZ;&fu"i{k tuer laxgz Hkyk dSls laHko gks ldrk gS\ ^laoËS kkfud&turkaf=d* rjhds ls ^r[rk&iyV* dj lksfo;r lkezkT; dh iquLFkkZiuk dh fn'kk esa ;g igyk dne fn[kykbZ ns jgk gSA foMacuk ;g gS fd u, ;wØus vkSj :l ds lkFk dSlk O;ogkj fd;k tk,! bl ij lHkh ;wjksih; ns'k ,der ughaA ;wjksi ds vusd ns'kksa dh ÅtkZ lqj{kk :l ls vkus okyh bl xSl ij fuHkZj gS tks ;wØus gksdj mu rd igqp a rh gSA blds ckfËkr gksus ls mudk thou nwHkj gks ldrk gSA blds vykok cgqr lkjh ;wjksih; daifu;ka :l ds lkFk ykHkçn O;kikj djrh gSAa buds fy, vesfjdk dh bPNkuqlkj iqfru ls ukrk rksMu+ k lgt ughaA euokfËkdkjksa dk fo"k; gks vFkok tura= dk leFkZu var esa ykHk&gkfu dk [kkrk lkSnkxjh vankt esa gh [kaxkyk tk,xkA lkFk gh budh fons'k uhfr dh çkFkfedrk r; djsxkA ,sls le; esa fopkj djus yk;d loky ;g gS fd fganLq rku dc rd viuh çfrfØ;k txtkfgj djus ds fy, HkkSp a Ddk [kM+k utj vkrk jgsxk\ ¢ ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

47


unh dFkk

vkS?kM+ lH;rk dh okgd--vHk; feJ

okjk.klh vkSj mldh xaxk dsnkjukFk flag dh iafDr;ksa esa O;Dr gksrh gSA---;g vkËkk ty esa gS] vkËkk ea= esa] vkËkk Qwy esa gS vkËkk 'ko esa] vkËkk uhan esa gS vkËkk 'ka[k esa] vxj Ë;ku ls ns[kks rks ;g vkËkk gS vkSj vkËkk ugha gSA

cukjl dh xaxk dks c;ka djuk eqf'dy gSA cukjl dh

fQrjr gS tks Ëkksrh ls ysdj iSVa rd] pk; ls ysdj Hkkax rd] ctjh ls ysdj cksV rd] fodkl ds reke pj.kksa dks ikj djrs gq, Hkh ugha cnyh gSA ;s ykijokg rfc;r cukjl dks cukrh Hkh gS vkSj crkrh Hkh gSA xaxk dk fetkt Hkh egknso dh bl uxjh esa vyx jgrk gSAa rHkh rks dgrs gS fd cukjl esa xaxk dHkh fdukjk ugha NksMr+ h vkSj typj dHkh fdukjksa ij ugha vkrsA tSls xaxk cukjl ds lkFk fof'k"V O;kogkj djrh gS mlh rjg cukjl esa xaxk dks ns[kus le>us dh vyx&vyx utj gSA elkuukFk ef.kdf.kZdk ?kkV ij rhu 'koksa dk vafre laLdkj py jgk gS vkSj nks viuh ckjh dk bartkj dj jgs gSAa

48

;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

fpark ds cxy esa gh NksVk&lk f'ko eafnj gSA mlds xHkZxg` esa cSBk 'k[l igyh utj esa gh ns[kus okys ds Hkhrj daidaih iSnk dj nsrk gSA ns[kus esa dadky ls dqN gh csgrj ;g ckck ukxukFk gSAa ckck ef.kdf.kZdk ?kkV ds ihBkËkh'oj gaAS xaxk Fkeus esa os lekt dk :duk ns[krs gSAa fVgjh dk vlj cukjl esa utj vkus yxk rks ckck us Hkkstu R;kx fn;kA ikap lky ls T;knk gks x, mUgksua s dqN ugha [kk;kA lw;Z dh jks'kuh] ;ksx vkSj xaxk ty us mudh lkalksa dks ftank j[kk gSA ef.kdf.kZdk ?kkV ij yxkrkj tyrh fprkvksa ds chp jgus ls ckck dks mtkZ feyrh gSA ckck ds Hkkstu R;kxus ij ç'kklu tc rc mUgsa idM+dj vLirky esa HkrhZ dj Xywdkst p<+k nsrk gSA ysfdu xaxk ij uk jkT; uk gh dsæa ljdkj dksbZ oknk djus dks rS;kj gSAa ljdkj dh laoknghurk vkSj laons ughurk ds pyrs fLFkfr fcxM+ xbZA eË; çns'k ds jkT;iky jkeujs'k ;kno vkSj dsæa h; ea=h


Jhçdk'k tk;loky us Hkh O;fDrxr Lrj ij mudk vu'ku rqMo+ kus dh dksf'k'k dh ysfdu ljdkj dh rjQ ls dHkh vkfËkdkfjd Lrj ij ckck ls ckrphr dh dksf'k'k ugha gqbAZ yxkrkj tyrh fprk,a vkSj cgrh xaxk crkrh gS fd thou dk pØ pyrk jgrk gSA ckck psrkouh nsrs gS] xaxk Fkeh rks rckgh r; gSA os dgrs gSa xaxk rks vkS?kM+ lH;rk dh okgd gS] og vkidk ey ew=] dpjk] 'ko lc Lohdkj dj ysxh] og vkids iki vkSj xanxh nksuksa dks Ëkks ldrh gS] cl mls cgus nhft,A xaxk ds eqís ij ljdkj dh Hk;kog pqIih vc [krjukd Lrj ij igqp a jgh gSA vkSj blds fojksËk esa ckck ukxukFk 'kjhj R;kxus dh rS;kjh dj jgs gSAa ns'kHkj ds lkËkq&lar vkSj v[kkM+kas ds çfrfufËk yxkrkj ckck ds ikl igqp a dj muls vu'ku rksMu+ s dh vihy dj jgs gSAa gkykr ;g gS fd ckck ukxukFk ds nksuksa gkFk vdM+ x, gSA dchjpkSjk fLFkr f'koçlkn xqIr vLirky ds MkWDVjksa dk dguk gS fd ckck ds gkFkksa esa ekal uk gksus dh otg ls muds gkFkksa esa xBku iM+ xbZ gS vkSj ulsa lq[k xbZ gSa blfy, mUgas cksry p<+kdj rjy inkFkZ nsuk Hkh laHko ugha gks ik jgk vkSj ukd ls fdlh Hkh rjg ds Hkkstu dks Hkh ckck Lohdkj ugha dj jgs gSAa ckck dh fcxM+rh gkyr dks ns[kdj lar lekt us ljdkj ij ckrphr dk ncko c<+k fn;k gSA larksa dk ekuuk gS fd dsæa ljdkj dks lkspuk pkfg, fd oks fdrus fuxekuanksa dh cfy gksus ds ckn lar lekt dh fparkvksa dks le>sxhA fuxekuan dh nks lky igys gfj}kj esa xaxk ds voSËk [kuu ds fojksËk esa vu'ku djrs gq, vLirky esa ekSr gks xbZ FkhA rc ns'kHkj esa jsr [kuu dks ysdj cgl pyh FkhA vu'ku uk rksMu+ s dh ftn ij vfMx ckck ukxukFk us dgk fd bl ns'k esa eqnksZa dk gh lEeku fd;k tkrk gS vkSj 'kk;n muds 'kjhj NksMu+ s ds ckn gh ljdkj dks ln~cfq ) vk,xhA okjk.klh cnyrs le; esa viuh vka[kksa ls xaxk dks cnyrs ns[k jgk gSA dHkh xaxk us ckck fo'oukFk dks opu fn;k Fkk fd oks mudh uxjh esa fdukjk ugha NksMx as+ h] xaxk us fdukjk vkt Hkh ugha NksMk+ ysfdu mlds Lo#i ds fcxM+rs gh cukjl dh laL—fr Hkh viuh igpku [kksus yxhA ,d ofj"B i=dkj iqjkuh xaxk vkSj mldh okjk.klh dks ;kn dj fdLlk lqukrs gSAa Þgekjs ckcwth ds Vkbe ls ;gka ij i=dkfjrk tksjkas ij jgh gS] uxj lsB pj.knkl ds cM+s HkkbZ Fks 'kj.knkl lsB] 'kj.knklth i=dkj vkSj lsB nksuksa FksA ;wa dfg, okjk.klh esa ehfM;k ogh FksA dbZ v[kckjksa ds çfrfufËk 'kj.knkl dk tyok gh Fkk] i=dkjokrkZ djus okys muls iwNdj okrkZ dk le; r; djrs Fks] os ugha vk, rks okrkZ Qsy lef>,A usrkvksa vkSj vkanksyudkfj;ksa dh ckrsa Ë;ku ls lqurs vkSj dgrs]& ^^çsl dkaÝl as 3 ls 4 ds chp jf[k,- D;ksfa d 'kke dks 4 ls 6 dk Vkbe ugkus&fuiVus dk gSAß bl 'kgj dh laL—fr esa ugkuk & fuiVuk Hkh ,d mRlo dh rjg gksrk FkkA 'kj.knkl lsB dh ctjh ;kuh cM+h uko vlh ?kkV ij viuh fuËkkZfjr txg ij ikdZ jgrh FkhA vylqcg 'kj.knkl vius [kkl fe=ksa ds lkFk xaxkikj tkdj ugkrs fuiVrs vkSj 7-30 cts rd okil vk tkrsA mlds rqjra ckn nwËk tysch vkSj dpkSjh dk uk'rk] 'kke dks Hkh ;gh dk;ZØe jgrkA mudh ctjh esa Hkkax ?kkaVs us dk iwjk bartke jgrkA ygjkrh ctjh esa filrh Hkkax ,d dfork dh efuan lqukbZ nsrh Fkh] ;g dfork rHkh #drh tc yks<k+ vkSj fly ,d&nwljs ls fcNM+s çseh dh rjg fpiddj ,dkdkj gks tkrs] Vds dh iÙkh dks ihlrs gq, mlesa cknke] fiLrk] xqydUn vkSj nwËk&eykbZ dks ,d djrc dh rjg vkil esa feyk;k tkrk FkkA vkSj Hkkax ihus ls igys Hkxoku 'kadj dks ;kn djus okys dqN Nan] 'yksd ;k ukjs gh] dqN ugha rks

ckck ukxukFk t; t; f'ko'kadj okyk jkts'k [kUuk dk xkuk ---- 'kke dks vaËksjk gksus ls igys 'kj.knkl eLr gksdj bl ikj vk tkrsA jbZl ifjokjksa esa ;g pyu vke FkkA lsB th dgrs & ^xaxk&tequk dsoy unh ugha gksrh gS] ;gka tuthou] laL—fr vkSj vknrsa lkal ysrh gSAa ?kkV ij lSdM+kas dh la[;k esa jbZlksa dh ctjh [kM+h jgrh Fkh vkSj muds dkfjans mldh lkQ&lQkbZ esa yxs jgrsA okjk.klh dh ;g laL— fr fdLls&dgkfu;ksa dk fgLlk cu dj jg xbZ gSAa vc okjk.klh dh xaxk dks fueZy j[kus ds fy, fd, x, ljdkjh ç;kl dk ,d uewuk Hkh ns[k yhft,A dgrs gSa tc dqN ugha cpsxk rc flQZ dk'kh cpsxh] ysfdu uhfr&fu;arkvksa us ckck fo'oukFk dh uxjh dks ËoLr djus esa dksbZ dlj ugha NksMh+ gSA xaxk esa ?kkVksa ls yxs gq, fgLls esa dNqvk lsp a jq h cuk nh xbZA ljdkj dk nkok gS fd dNqvksa ls çnw"k.k de gksrk gS ;kuh tks dke ljdkjh e'khujh ugha dj ikbZ og dke dNqvksa ds Hkjksls gksus dh mEehn trkbZ tk jgh FkhA xaxk esa jkt?kkV ls vkxs ds fgLls esa dNqvksa dks NksMk+ x;k vkSj dNqvksa dh j{kk ds fy, jsr [kuu ij jksd yxk nh xbZA bldk urhtk ;g gqvk fd ogka jsr ds Vhys cu x, vkSj ikuh dk cgko ?kkVksa dh rjQ gks x;k vkSj ikuh us ?kkVksa dh lhf<+;ksa ds uhps ?kqldj mUgsa [kks[kyk dj çkphu ?kkVksa dk Hkkjh uqdlku dj fn;kA dsnkj?kkV vkSj ef.kdf.kZdk ?kkV dh lhf<+;ksa ij vc [kM+k ugha jgk tkrkA blds vykok tc ck<+ vkbZ rks dNqvk ifjokj lfgr cgdj iVuk igqp a x, tgka mudk f'kdkj dj fy;k x;kA cgjgky] ckck dh fcxM+rh gkyr dks ns[kdj xaxk us Hkh ekuksa cukjl ij utjs frjNh dj yh gSAa mÙkjeq[kh xaxk cukjl esa flQZ iaMksa ds eq[k ls lqukbZ iM+rh gS ;k xzFa kksa esa Nih gSA okLrfodrk esa xaxk cukjl esa mÙkjeq[kh gS gh ughaA mlls Hkh dM+oh lPpkbZ rks ;g gS fd cukjl esa xaxkty gh ugha gSA ;gka ls xaxkty cksry esa Hkfj,] og ,d lIrkg esa gh [kjkc gks tkrk gSA bldk dkj.k eq[; rkSj ij dkuiqj gS tks xaxk dk iwjk ikuh jksd ysrk gS vkSj cnys esa viuk lhost vkxs c<+k nsrk gSA bykgkckn esa pacy vkSj csrok ds ikuh dks ysdj ;equk xaxk ls feyrh gS vkSj eË; çns'k dh bUgha nks ufn;ksa dk ikuh cukjl esa xaxk cudj cgrk gSA cs'kd gekjh vkLFkk ;g ekuus ls badkj djrh gSA ¢ ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

49


losZ fjiksVZ

ladV esa xzkeh.k f'k{kk gky gh esa ,d xSj ljdkjh laLFkk ^vlj* us ljdkjh f'k{kk dh fLFkfr ij ,d losZ fjiksVZ tkjh fd;k gSA bl fjiksVZ esa f'k{kk O;oLFkk dk tks fp= mHkjrk gS og csgn fparktud gSA

vfHk"ksd jatu

ns'k

ds ljdkjh fo|ky;ksa ds f'k{k.k Lrj esa lq/kkj dh ctk, fxjkoV vk jgh gSA fo|ky;ksa dh fLFkfr lq/kkjus ij vjckas #i, [kpZ fd;k tk jgk gSA fQj Hkh fLFkfr esa cgqr larks"ktud lq/kkj ns[kus dks ugha fey jgk gSAa f'k{kk esa lq/kkj lacèa kh lHkh vfHk;kuksa vkSj ;kstukvksa dk lkjk /;ku fo|ky;ksa dks lalk/ku eqg;S k djkus ij dsfUær gks x;k gSA xq.koÙkk çkFkfedrk esa ugha gSA lekpkj ek/;eksa ij jktuhfrd losZ dks ysdj fnu&jkr cgl gksrh gSA ogha ns'k ls tqMs+ dqN vge~ eqís ppkZ ds dsæa fcanq esa vkuk rks nwj] ckSf)d fparu vkSj foe'kZ ds cxSj gh iwjs ifjn`'; ls xk;c gks tkrs gaAS bldk rktk mnkgj.k xzkeh.k f'k{kk dh cngky fLFkfr dks mtkxj djus okyh ^vlj* dk losZ fjiksVZ gS] ftlls Hkkjr dh cngky f'k{kk O;oLFkk dk fp= mHkjrk gSA bl losZ ds eqrkfcd] xkao esa fLFkr ljdkjh fo|ky;ksa esa i<+uos kys rhljh d{kk ds ek= 32 Qhlnh cPpsa gh igyh d{kk Lrj rd dk ikB i<+ ldrs gSA futh fo|ky;ksa ds [kqyus ds ckn Hkh fLFkfr ugha cnyh gSA bl ekeys esa ljdkjh vkSj futh fo|ky;ksa dk la;Dq r vuqikr 40-2 Qhlnh gS] tks dksbZ lq[kn rLohj c;ka ugh djrh gSA <ksy&uxkjs ihVdj viuh miyfC/k;ksa dk c[kku djus okyh lHkh jkT; ljdkjsa bl fjiksVZ esa 'kS{kf.kd xq.koÙkk ds ekeys esa yxHkx fQlìh gh jgsA D;k ;g ns'k dk nqHkkZX; ugha gS fd 60 Qhlnh cPpsa rhljh esa tkus ds ckn Hkh igyh d{kk dh ckrsa ugh le> ikrs\ ;gh ugha jk"Vªh; Lrj ij gq, bl losZ esa ;g ckr Hkh lkeus vkbZ gS fd ikapoh d{kk ds yxHkx vk/ks fo|kFkhZ nwljh d{kk ds Lrj dk ikB ugha i<+ ikrsA fpark dh ckr ;g gS fd bl vuqikr esa yxkrkj o`f) gks jgh gSA ;g 2009 esa tgka 52-8 Qhlnh Fkk] og 2013 esa ?kVdj 41-3 Qhlnh gks x;k gSA xkao esa jgus okys cPpksa dk cqfu;knh xf.kr ls lacfa /kr n{krk esa Hkh dkQh fparktud fLFkfr ns[kh xbZ gS] ftlesa dbZ o"kksZa ls dksbZ [kkl cnyko ugha ns[kus dks fey jgk gSA mnkgj.k ds fy, ikapoh d{kk ds ek= 25 Qhlnh cPpsa rhu vadksa ds Hkkx cuk ldrs gaAS losZ esa dqN lq[kn igyw Hkh gS] ftuesa ldy ukekadu vuqikr dk yxHkx lkS Qhlnh gksuk 'kkfey gSA ;wih, ljdkj bl ckr dk nkok dj ldrh gS fd cPpksa dks ?kj dh ifjf/k ls fo|ky;

dh pkgjnhokjh rd ykus esa ge dke;kc jgs gSAa ftldh otg ls çkFkfed fo|ky;ksa esa ldy ukekadu vuqikr o"kZ 2003&04 ds 98-3 Qhlnh ds eqdkcys 2010&11 esa c<+dj 116 Qhlnh gks xbZA ysfdu ;g ukekadu vuqikr futh fo|ky;ksa ds [kqyus ls c<+h gS] bl ckr dks utjankt ugha fd;k tk ldrkA yksxksa dh vkfFkZd fLFkfr tSl& s tSls lqn<` + gks jgh gS] yksx vius cPpksa dks futh fo|ky;ksa esa i<+kus yxs gSAa bl otg ls futh fo|ky;ksa esa ukekadu dk çfr'kr c<+k gSA 2006 esa ;g tgka 18-7 Qhlnh Fkk] og 2013 esa c<+dj 29 Qhlnh gks x;k gSA ^vlj* viuh fjiksVZ 2005 ls gh çdkf'kr dj jgh gS] ftlds vk/kkj ij ljdkjh uhfr;ka Hkh çHkkfor gksrh jgh gSA ^vlj* dk ;g los{Z k.k fjiksVZ yxHkx 30]000 Lo;alos dksa dh enn ls 14]724 fo|ky;ksa vkSj 6 yk[k fo|kfFkZ;ksa ij vk/kkfjr gSA ^vlj* ds vykok vUrjk"Vªh; Lrj ij gq, los{Z k.kksa esa Hkh ,slh feyrh&tqyrh rLohjsa lkeus vkrh jgh gSA vHkh gky gh esa 15 o"kZ dh vk;q okys fo|kfFkZ;ksa ds foKku vkSj xf.krh; le> dks ysdj 73 ns'kksa esa losZ gqvk] ftlesa Hkkjr dk fujk'kktud LFkku jgkA bl losZ esa Hkkjr fdfxZLrku dks iNkM+rs gq, uhps ls nwljs LFkku ij vk;kA vkfFkZd lg;ksx vkSj fodkl laxBu dh rjQ ls varjjk"Vªh; fo|kFkhZ ewY;kadu dk;ZØe ¼filk½ ds rgr ;g losZ djok;k x;k FkkA blds rgr nks ?kaVs dh ,d tkap ijh{kk esa nqfu;k Hkj ds yk[kksa fo|kFkhZ 'kkfey gq, Fks] ftlesa phu vOoy LFkku ij jgkA bl losZ esa ljdkj }kjk fo'ks"k rkSj ls fgekpy çns'k vkSj rkfeyukMq ds cPpksa dk p;u fd;k x;k FkkA o"kZ 2000&01 esa 'kq: dh xbZ loZ f'k{kk vfHk;ku ls igyh ckj çkjafHkd f'k{kk dh cngkyh nq#Lr djus ds fy, lkFkZd igy 'kq: dh xbZ FkhA bl ;kstuk ds ek/;e ls o"kZ 2010 rd 6 ls 14 o"kZ ds vk;q lewg ds lHkh cPpksa dks mi;ksxh vkSj lkFkZd f'k{kk çnku dh tk,xhA ysfdu losZ fjiksVZ bl ij ç'ufpUg yxkrh utj vkrh gSA cqfu;knh f'k{k.k Lrj esa tYn lq/kkj ugha gqvk rks blls ns'k esa lekurk vkSj fodkl ij xaHkhj çHkko iM+ ldrk gSA blds fy, t#jh gS] [kkyh iM+s yxHkx 6 yk[k f'k{kdksa dh fu;qfDr djus dh] rkfd Nk=&f'k{kd vuqikr esa deh ykdj 'kS{kf.kd xq.koÙkk dks lq/kkjk tk ldsAa ¢


vfHker ¢

cuokjh

voljoknh jktuhfr Lora= vkSj xohZyh tkV tkfr Hkh vius vkidks fiNM+s oxZ esa lfEefyr djokus ds fy, vkrqj gks rks ;gh dguk iM+x s k fd gekjh jktuhfr gesa Åij ugha mBk jgh] uhps fxjk jgh gSA

;g ifrr

vkSj voljoknh jktuhfr dk gh çek.k gS fd jktuSfrd ykHk dh vk'kk esa pquko esa mrjus ls Bhd igys eueksgu flag ljdkj us rsyx a kuk cuokdj vkaËkz dh ,drk dks [kafMr dj fn;k vkSj ns'k ds ukS jkT;ksa esa tkVksa dks ukSdfj;ksa vkSj f'k{kk laLFkkvksa esa vkj{k.k nsdj tkrh; foHkktu dks ,d dne vkSj vkxs c<+k fn;kA vusd vU; tkfr;ksa dh rjg tkV Hkh dkQh fnuksa ls vius vkidks fiNM+k oxZ dh dsæa h; lwph esa lfEefyr fd, tkus dh ekax dj jgs FksA muds vkanksyu dks 'kkar djus ds fy, dsæa ljdkj us fiNys o"kZ jk"Vªh; fiNM+k oxZ v;ksx dks mudh ekax ij fopkj djus ds fy, dgk FkkA vk;ksx us ;g dgrs gq, ekax vLohdkj dj nh Fkh fd tkV tkfr fiNM+s gksus dh dlkSfV;ksa ij [kjh ugha mrjrhA bl o"kZ fQj dsæa ljdkj esa mÙkj çns'k ds tkVksa ds çfrfufËk ds :i esa lfEefyr pkSËkjh vthr flag ds vkxzg vkSj mÙkj çns'k ds tkVksa ds Hkktik dh vksj >qdko dks ns[krs gq, dkaxl sz ljdkj us fQj fiNM+k vk;ksx dks mudh ekax ij fopkj djus ds fy, dgkA vk;ksx us fQj ;g ekax vLohdkj dj nhA vk;ksx dk mÙkj feyus ds nks fnu ckn vkSj vke pquko dh ?kks"k.kk ds nks fnu igys dsæa ljdkj us tkVksa dks ukS jkT;ksa esa vkj{k.k dk ykHk nsus dh ?kks"k.kk dj nhA ,slk igyh ckj gqvk fd dsæa ljdkj us vk;ksx dk lq>ko vuns[kk fd;kA ysfdu ,slk igys Hkh gks pqdk gS] tc dkaxl sz ljdkj us pquko vkpkj lafgrk ykxw gksus ds Bhd igys pqukoksa dks vuqfpr :i ls çHkkfor djus dh bPNk ls vkj{k.k ?kksf"kr fd;kA nks o"kZ igys tc ikap jkT;ksa esa foËkkulHkk pqukoksa dh ?kks"k.kk gksus okyh Fkh] dsæa ljdkj us vU; fiNM+h tkfr;ksa dks feyus okys 27 çfr'kr vkj{k.k ds Hkhrj 4-5 çfr'kr vkj{k.k fiNM+h eqfLye tkfr;ksa ds fy, ;g dgrs gq, ?kksf"kr fd;k Fkk fd os vkjf{kr LFkkuksa ds fy, fiNM+h fganw tkfr;ksa ls çfr;ksfxrk esa fiNM+ tkrs gSAa foËkkulHkk pqukoksa dh 24 fnlacj] 2011 dks ?kks"k. kk gqbZ Fkh vkSj mlds Bhd nks fnu igys 22 fnlacj] 2011 dks dsæa ljdkj us vkj{k.k ds Hkhrj ;g vkj{k.k ?kksf"kr fd;k FkkA bls pquko ds le; ikfjr dh tkus okyh vkn'kZ pquko lafgrk dk mYya?ku ekurs gq, pquko vk;ksx us 12 tuojh] 2012 dks mlds fØ;kUo;u ij jksd yxk nhA fQj 29 ebZ] 2012 dks vkaËkz çns'k ds mPp U;k;ky; us dsæa ljdkj dh bl ?kks"k.kk dks ;g dgrs gq, jí dj fn;k fd eqlyekuksa dks ;g vkj{k.k dsoy ËkkfeZd vkËkkj ij fn;k x;k gS] blfy, og lafoËkku lEer ugha gSA gekjs usrkvksa vkSj ukSdj'kkgksa dh Le`fr bruh nqcy Z ugha gS fd dsoy nks o"kZ iwoZ gqbZ viuh bl Qthgr dh mUgsa Le`fr u jgh gksA ysfdu vius bl fiNys vuqHko dks mUgksua s ;g lksp dj vuns[kk fd;k fd pquko vk;ksx ;k vnkyr muds bl fu.kZ; ds fo:) xbZ rks Hkh mudk jktuSfrd mís'; iwjk gks pqdk gksxkA ;g ckr tkV Hkh le>rs gh gS]a blfy, dkaxl sz dks viuh prqjkbZ dk ykHk fey gh tk,xk] bldh laHkkouk yxHkx 'kwU; gSA

ij ;g nks"k ;fn dkaxl sz rd lhfer gksrk rks mlds ifj"dkj dh vk'kk cuh jgrhA bl jktuSfrd voljokn ls lHkh ny xzLr gSAa ;gh dkj.k gS fd foi{kh jktuhfr dh Ëkqjh vkSj pquko ds ckn lÙkk esa igqp a us ds fy, vk'kkfUor Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ Hkh dsæa ljdkj ds bu fu.kZ;ksa dk fojksËk djus ds fy, vkxs ugha vkbZA bl voljokfnrk us vkj{k.k dks ,d U;k;iw.kZ fofËk ls voljoknh jktuhfr esa cny fn;k gSA vkj{k.k dk ewy mís'; fupyh vkSj vLi`';rk dk f'kdkj mu tkfr;ksa ;k tutkfr;ksa dks Åij mBkuk Fkk] tks ijkËkhurk ds nkSj esa vkbZ lkekftd tM+rk ds dkj.k vleFkZ gks xbZ FkhaA çfrLiËkhZ jktuhfr ds dkj.k ckn esa vkj{k.k dk foLrkj djrs gq, vkfFkZd fiNM+is u ds vkËkkj ij ,d ubZ lwph vU; fiNM+k oxZ cuh vkSj igys ds 22-5 çfr'kr esa 27 çfr'kr vkSj vkj{k.k tksM+ fn;k x;kA loksPZ p U;k;ky; us vkj{k.k dks 50 çfr'kr dh e;kZnk esa ckaËkus dk ç;Ru fd;k] ysfdu vusd jkT;ksa esa vkj{k.k 70&80 çfr'kr ds nk;js esa igqp a pqdk gS vkSj mldh laoËS kkfudrk ij vHkh U;k;ikfydk gkFk ckaËks cSBh gSA igys eqfLyeksa vkSj fQj fczfV'k 'kklu ds nkSjku vkbZ vkfFkZd foiUurk vkSj lkekftd tM+rk ds dkj.k fupyh tkfr;ksa dks fu'p; gh fodV fLFkfr;ksa dk lkeuk djuk iM+k FkkA Lora= Hkkjr esa mUgsa lgkjk nsrs gq, vkxs c<+k;k tkuk U;k; laxr gh FkkA ysfdu ,d rks og dsoy vkj{k.k ls laHko ugha Fkk] nwljs ;g mís'; ,d le; lhek esa iwjk dj fy;k tkuk pkfg, FkkA ysfdu ,slk ugha gqvk] D;ksfa d bls U;k; vkSj lerk ds jk"Vªh; ladYi ds :i esa ugha fy;k x;k] cfYd mls çfrLiËkhZ jktuhfr dk eqík cuk fn;k x;kA blls lkekftd foHkktu c<+k gS vkSj lkekftd iwokZxgz –<+ gq, gSAa ftl uhfr dks lkekftd lejlrk dh vksj vkxs c<+kus okyk gksuk pkfg, Fkk] og lkekftd fo}s"k dk dkj.k cu xbZ gSA laHkor% if'peh vuqdj.k ij geus ftl rjg dh çfrLiËkhZ voljoknh jktuhfr vaxhdkj dh gS] mlesa ,slk gksuk vo';eHkkoh FkkA bl ifrr jktuhfr dk vkSj Hkh cM+k mnkgj.k ;g gS fd tkVksa tSlh Lora=] LofuHkZj vkSj xohZyh tkfr Hkh vius vkidks fiNM+k ?kksf"kr djokus vkSj eqëh Hkj ukSdfj;ksa dks ykylkiw.kZ –f"V ls ns[kus ds fy, la?k"kZjr jgh gSA tkVksa us vius vkl&ikl dh vU; tkfr;ksa ls feydj tks etcwr iapk;rh laxBu [kM+k fd;k] mlus gesa igys eqfLye dky vkSj fQj fczfV'k dky esa fotsrk tkfr;ksa ds neu vkSj vR;kpkjksa ls lajf{kr fd;kA mÙkj dky esa tkV —f"k vkSj lkefjd {ks= dh vxz.kh tkfr jgs gSa vkSj muesa bldk LokHkkfod vkRefo'okl vkSj vkRe xkSjo gksuk pkfg,A viuh jktuSfrd lfØ;rk ds dkj.k gh os pj.k flag dks çËkkuea=h vkSj pkSËkjh nsohyky dks mi çËkkuea=h ds in rd igqp a k ik,A ,slh tkfr Hkh vius vkidks fiNM+s oxZ esa lfEefyr djokus ds fy, vkrqj gks rks ;gh dguk iM+x s k fd gekjh jktuhfr gesa Åij ugha mBk jgh] uhps fxjk jgh gSA ¢ ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

51


flusek

jktuhfr dk flusek

fQYedkjksa dk dSejk dsoy ckxhps vkSj okfn;ksa esa gh ugha ?kwerk gSA cnyko dh c;kj dks Hkh budk dSejk dSn djrk jgk gSA dbZ ckj ;g lekt dh uCt idM+us esa jktusrkvksa ls Hkh vkxs jgk gSA ijrnkj jktuhfr vkSj lekt ds cnyrs jax dks blus [kwc fn[kk;k gSA czts'k dqekj

jktuhfr

ijrnkj gksrh gSA ;gka dqN ckrsa mtkxj gksrh gSAa dqN dk vkHkkl gksrk gSA fQYe ^xqyky* ds ckjs esa Hkh ;g ckr fQV cSBrh gSA ekpZ] 2009 esa ;g fQYe vkbZ FkhA bldh leh{kk djrs gq, ;g dgk x;k FkkA rc 15oha yksdlHkk pquko dh rS;kjh gks jgh FkhA le; ges'kk xfreku jgrk gSA og ikap lky vkxs fudy pqdk gSA 16oha yksdlHkk pquko dh rkjh[k ?kksf"kr gks xbZ gSA ^xqykc xSx a * uke dh ,d ubZ fQYe insZ ij vkbZ gSA gkykafd] dqN yksx bls Åckm fQYe crk jgs gSAa ij] bl ckr dks dksbZ fljs ls [kkfjt ugha dj jgk gS fd 21oha 'krkCnh esa Hkh efgyk,a MaMksa dh tksj ij vfËkdkj ysus dks foo'k gSAa ckr laln ds vanj dh gks ;k ckgj dhA fLFkfr;ka vkSj mlds euksHkko leku gSAa flusek mls vius rjhds ls j[k jgk gSA blh rjg 14oha yksdlHkk ds okLrs vçSy&ebZ 2004 esa tc pquko gks jgs Fks rks fQYe ^;qok* vkbZ FkhA blesa ,d ;qod Hkz"V jktuSfrd ra= dks lqËkkjus dk liuk ns[krk gSA blds fy, og la?k"kZ djrk gSA mls lQyrk Hkh feyrh gSA çns'k esa tM+ tek pqdh oke fopkjËkkjk dh jktuhfr vkSj mldh lÙkk dks og >d>ksj nsrk gSA bl fQYe dk funs'Z ku ef.kjRue us fd;k FkkA os ewyr% nf{k.k ds gS]a ij fQYe ^jkstk* ¼1992½ vkSj ^cacbZ* ¼1995½ cukdj mUgksua s fgUnh flusek esa Åapk eqdke ik;k gSA ^;qok* dks mUgksua s if'pe caxky dh i`"BHkwfe ij cquk FkkA rc og izn's k okex<+ FkkA rkTtqc dh ckr gS] 10 lky gksr& s gksrs çns'k ds lkFk&lkFk ogka dh Nk= jktuhfr esa Hkh okeËkkjk dks xgjh Bsl igqp a h gSA fQygky dqN yksx mUgsa gkjk gqvk crk jgs gSAa ysfdu] ef.kjRue 10 lky igys gh viuh fQYe ds ekË;e ls bl ckr ds ladrs ns fn, FksA ogha vuqjkx d';i dh fQYe

52

;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

^xqyky* BsB jktLFkkuh jax fy, gq, FkhA ;gka egRo dh ckr ;g gS fd bu fQYeksa ds gokys ls ftu phtksa dh rjQ fQYedkj us ladrs fd, Fks] og vkt dh jktuhfrd ifjfLFkfr esa vfËkd tfVy :i esa lkeus gSA ;qok&ØksËk fQYe ^xqyky* vkSj ^;qok* ds ewy esa gSA vkt bUgha ;qok&ØksËk dk gokyk nsrs gq, ,d ubZ ikVhZ dk mHkkj gqvk gSA bl ØksËk dks gh og viuh rkdr ekurh gSA lÙkk esa cnyko dh ckr dj jgh gSA fQYe ^xqyky* esa ,d u, jkT; dh ekax vkSj uktk;t vkSykn gksus dk ØksËk Hkh ns[kus dks feyrk gSA gkykafd] ;g fQYe ikap lky igys cuh Fkh] tcfd bu fnuksa iq= dh vksj ls igpku dh yM+kbZ dk ,d ekeyk lqf[kZ;ksa esa jgkA cgjgky] jktuhfrd :i ls lrdZ fuxkg j[kus okys fQYedkj çdk'k >k us ikap lky ds varjky ij nks fQYesa cukbZ FkhA fnlacj] 2005 esa fQYe ^vigj.k* çnf'kZr gqbZ Fkh] tcfd twu 2010 dks ^jktuhfr* insZ ij vkbZ FkhA oSls ;g ns[kus esa vk;k gS fd g‚yhoqM dh rqyuk esa c‚yhoqM jktuhfrd ?kVukØe ij dksbZ csgrjhu fQYe cukus esa vlQy gh jgk gSA Hkkjrh; jktuhfr esa nyh; erHksnksa o Vdjko dh f'kuk[r djus okyh de fQYesa gS]a ftUgsa ;kn j[kk tk ldsA ,slh fQYesa rks vkSj Hkh de gSa tks ifjokj ds Hkhrj jktuhfrd


'kfä gkfly djus ds edln esa tqVs yksxksa dh igpku djkrh gSA ge fQYe ^jktuhfr* ds ckcr ;g ugha dg ldrs fd bl fQYe us ml deh dks iwjk dj fn;k gSA ij] bruk t:j gS fd bl fQYe us le> c<+kus ds dqNd s lw= t:j fn, gS]a ftlls furkar O;fDroknh gks pqdh jktuhfr dks le>k tk ldrk gSA fQYe dk ,d laokn gS] Þjktuhfr esa lgh xyr ugha gksrk gSA tks fQV gks tk,] ogh lgh gSAß ;g laokn jk"Vª dh jktuhfr ds ckcr ugha gS] cfYd jktuhfr esa futh egRokdka{kk ds lanHkZ esa gSA cs'kd vkËks&vËkwjs eu ls gh lgh] ij fgUnh flusek us ,sls ladrs fn, gS fd ;qok usrR` o mHkj jgk gSA fQYe ^jktuhfr* esa çdk'k >k us bls fofHkUu dks.kksa ls insZ ij mrkjk gSA ;g tksf[ke Hkjk Fkk] ftls çdk'k >k us mBk;kA 16oha yksdlHkk pquko dh rS;kjh ds eísutj ;g fn[kykbZ nsrk gS fd reke {ks=h; ikfVZ;ksa ds lkFk&lkFk jk"Vªh; ikfVZ;ksa esa ;qokvksa dh Hkwfedk ,dckjxh egRoiw.kZ gqbZ gSA jkgqy xkaËkh ls ysdj fpjkx ikloku rd dbZ ,sls uke gS]a ftudk QSlyk gh vafre gksrk gSA cgjgky] Hkkjr dh {ks=h; jktuhfr isphnk gSA gkykafd] orZeku jktuhfrd i`"BHkwfe esa mldh iwN c<+h gSA bls insZ ij mrkjuk ljy ugha gSA ij] çdk'k >k us dksf'k'k dh gSA os cM+s rke>ke ds chp dqNd s okftc lokyksa dks mBkrs pyrs gSAa mudk ,d nfyr fdjnkj dgrk gS& Þthou dqekj gekjh tkr ds Hkys gks]a chp ds dSls gks x,Aß ;dhuu] ;g laokn pquko ds nkSjku Åij ls Fkksis x, mEehnokj ds f[kykQ cxkor gSA ,sls loky mB jgs gSAa blls dbZ txg jktuhfrd ikfVZ;ksa ds

fy, eqf'dy gkykr iSnk gksus yxs gSAa fgUnh flusek ,sls ladrs ksa vkSj VqdM+kas esa gh ckrsa vfËkd djrk gSA mldh viuh otg gSA fQYedkj xqytkj us vius ,d lk{kkRdkj esa dgk Fkk] Þvius iksfyfVdy ihfj;M ij desVa djuk vklku ugha gksrk gSA ij] eSua s ;g fjLd mBk;k gSA ^vkaËkh* dks ysdj eq>s dkQh fnDdrsa mBkuh iM+hAa gkykafd] vkt jktuhfrd gLr{ksi igys ls de gq, gSAa ij] vkt jktuhfrd fxjksgksa }kjk gLr{ksi gks jgk gSAß xqytkj ds bl dFku ls mu otgksa dks le>k tk ldrk gSA vkf[kjdkj çdk'k >k Hkh rks fQYe ^jktuhfr* ds ekË;e ls vius iksfyfVdy ihfj;M ij desVa dj jgs FksA mls ysdj fookn gqvk FkkA ;g ns[kus esa vk;k gS fd fQYedkj jktuhfrd ?kVukvksa dks lkadfs rd :i esa cs'kd bLrseky fd;k djrs gS]a ij mls dsæa esa j[kdj dksbZ fQYe cukus ls ijgst gh djrs jgs gSAa fQYe ^gq&rw&rw* dks ;kn djsAa bl fQYe esa ,d jktusrk dk ce Ëkekds esa ?kk;y gks tkukA fQj le; ij vLirky u igqp a ikus dh otg ls ne rksM+ nsukA fQYe dh ;g ?kVuk 1974&75 ds nkSj esa jsy ea=h jgs yfyr ukjk;.k feJ dh ;kn fnykrh gSA mudh gR;k ds lacËa k esa ,sls dbZ fdLls gSAa blls lkQ gS fd fQYedkj jktuhfrd ?kVuk çËkku fQYe cukuk rks pkgrk gS] ysfdu og ifjfLFkfr;ka vius vuqdy w ugha ikrk gSA ;g ns[kus esa vkrk gS fd dksbZ fQYedkj fdlh O;fDr] tkfr] leqnk; ;k ËkeZ ij lhËkk dVk{k ugha djuk pkgrk gSA og ladrs ksa vkSj b'kkjksa esa viuh ckr dgrk gSA 16oha yksdlHkk ds okLrs tks pquko gks jgs gS]a mlds ckcr nks fQYeksa dh ppkZ t:jh gSA ,d fQYe gS ^, osMulMs*A ;g fQYe flracj 2008 esa çnf'kZr gqbZ FkhA bl fQYe us vke vkneh ds vfLrRo dk eqík mBk;k FkkA bldk vke vkneh O;oLFkk dks lhËks pqukSrh nsrk gSA vkSj yksx Hkh mlds lkFk [kM+s gSAa xhr fy[ks tk jgs gSa ^ekax jgk u;k vkneh thus ds vfËkdkj dks* ¼pØO;wg½A mlls nks lky igys fQYe ^jax ns clarh* vkbZ FkhA blus 'kgjh ;qokvksa ds cnyrs ekul dks lkeus ykus dh dksf'k'k dh Fkh] tks çfrfØ;koknh gS vkSj laons u'khy Hkh gSA og xkrk gS ^dqN dj xqtjus dks [kwu pyk] [kwu pykA* bl fQYe us ^j{kk ?kksVkys* dh ckr dh FkhA ;g eqík vkt flj p<+dj cksy jgk gSA ,sls esa D;k ;g dgk tk ldrk gS fd egt dYiuk dh tehu ij bl eqís dks mBk;k x;k Fkk\ ,slk ugha gSA ;g vke pquko vkanksyuksa dh tehu ij yM+k tkus okyk gSA ^jax ns clarh*] ^n osMulMs*] ^;qok* vkfn fQYeksa us le;&le; ij ml euks;ksx dks iSnk fd;k gS] tgka ;qok oxZ orZeku O;oLFkk dks [kkfjt djus ij rqyk gSA ¢ ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

53


vPNh fgUnh

fganh esa vaxzsth ?kqliSfB, ljyhdj.k ds uke ij fganh esa vaxzsth 'kCnksa dh ck<+&lh vkbZ gqbZ gSA ;g ,slk oxZ gS tks viuk vfèkdka'k dke vaxzsth esa djrk gSA vaxzsth esa dke u pys rc dgha fganh dk O;ogkj os foo'k gksdj djrs gaSA mldk ;Ru fujarj ;gh gS fd fganh dks Hkh Hkjiwj vaxzsthe; cuk fn;k tk,A lUr lehj

nqHkkZX;

ls lÙkk vkSj lapkj ek/;eksa esa 'kh"kZ ij cSBk gekjk izHkq oxZ fganh ds ljyhdj.k ds uke ij fganh esa vaxt sz h 'kCnksa ds csjksdVksd bLrseky dk iqjtksj leFkZu dj jgk gSA ;g ,slk oxZ gS tks vf/kdka'k dke vaxt sz h esa djrk gSA vaxt sz h dk O;ogkj mlds fy, jksc&nkc dk izrhd gSA vaxt sz h esa dke u pys rc dgha fganh dk O;ogkj mls foo'k gksdj djuk iM+rk gSA mldk ;Ru fujarj ;gh gS fd fganh dks Hkh Hkjiwj vaxt sz he; cuk fn;k tk,A bl ekufldrk ds pyrs orZeku ifjn`'; dqN ,slk gks x;k gS fd ljyhdj.k ds uke ij fganh esa vaxt sz h 'kCnksa dh ck<+&lh vkbZ gqbZ gSA fganh okD;ksa ds chp esa dgha&dgha rks iwjs ds iwjs okD; rd vaxt sz h esa fy[ks fn[kkbZ nsus yxs gSAa ,slh fLFkfr;ksa ds gh ifj.kkeLo:i 26 flracj] 2011 dks Hkkjr ljdkj ds x`g ea=ky; us dkedkt dh fganh dks ljy&lqxe cukus ds uke ij ,d ifji= }kjk funs'Z k tkjh fd;k FkkA bl ifji= ds vuqlkj ty laj{k.k] [kqnjk izc/a ku] Nk=] fo|kFkhZ] iz/kkukpk;Z] vuqPNsn] ;a=] {ks=] fo|ky;] fo'ofo|ky;] e/;kºu Hkkstu] O;atu] HkaMkj] fu;fer] psruk] izdYi] ifjlj] Nk=o`fÙk] mPp f'k{kk tSls 'kCn dfBu gS]a blfy, ,sls 'kCnksa ds vaxt sz h ;k vU; Hkk"kkvksa ds fodYi viuk, tkus pkfg,A tcfd] izkt s Ds V] dSia l] vos;jusl] ,fj;k] dkWyt s ] LVwMVas ] izkQ s 's kuy] flafxax] baVjus'kuy fctusl] LVªhe] gk;j ,twd's ku] ,IykbZ] dkslZ tSls vU;kU; 'kCnksa dks mDr ifji= esa ljy&lqxe ekuk x;k FkkA bl ifji= esa fn;k x;k ljy fganh dk ,d uewuk nsf[k,&&^^dkWyt s esa jh&QkWjLs Vs'ku vfHk;ku gS] tks jsxy q j pyrk jgrk gSA bldk bl lky ls ,d vkSj izkx s kz e 'kq: gqvk gS ftlesa gj LVwMVas ,d isM+ yxk,xkA* d`i;k ikBdx.k crk,a fd ^fj&QkjsLVs'ku* ds LFkku ij ^o`{kkjksi.k*] ^jsxy q j* ds LFkku

54

;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

ij ^fu;fer*] ^LVwMVas * ds LFkku ij ^fo|kFkhZ* ;k ^Nk=* tSls 'kCn iz;ksx fd, tk,a rks D;k vFkZ le>uk dfBu cu tk,xkA myVs] lPpkbZ rks ;g gS fd iwNus ij ^o`{kkjksi.k* tSls 'kCn dk vFkZ xk¡o ds vui<+ rd le> x,] tcfd ^jh&QkjsLVs'ku* dk vFkZ dbZ Bhd&Bkd i<+& s fy[ks yksx Hkh ugha crk ldsA bl mnkgj.k ls le>k tk ldrk gS fd gekjs lÙkk vkSj lapkj ek/;eksa ds ofj"B yksx vketu ls laokn vklku djuk pkgrs gSa vFkok cktkjokn dh gok esa cgs tk jgs gSAa ;g Hkh vtc gh gS fd tc nqfu;k Hkj esa fganh ls nwj&nwj rd fj'rk u j[kus okys ns'k Hkh cktkj dh ryk'k esa vkt fganh dh vksj gljr Hkjh fuxkgksa ls ns[k jgs gS]a rks gekjs gh yksxksa dks cktkjokn dh ,d vyx gh gok yx xbZ gSA tks yksx vaxt sz h ds jkLrs fganh dks le`) cukuk pkgrs gS]a mUgsa ;kn j[kuk pkfg, fd fganh ds fy, vaxt sz h dHkh vNwr ugha jgh gSA lp rks ;g gS fd fganh us MkWDVj] e'khu] eksVj] cl] thi] flxjsV] vkWijs'ku] Ldwy] dkyst] daiuh] iksLVdkMZ] iksLV vkWfQl] Øhe] fcLdqV] cz'k] fyfifLVd tSls rhu gtkj ls Hkh vf/kd vaxt sz h 'kCnksa dks vius jkstejkZ ds O;ogkj dh 'kCnkoyh esa 'kkfey dj viuk cuk fy;k gS vkSj cukrh Hkh tk jgh gSA u, pyu esa ^ehfM;k* tSlk 'kCn Hkh ,slk gh gSA vU; dbZ Hkk"kkvksa ds 'kCn rks [kSj fganh esa gSa ghA os vko';drk ds vuqlkj bDdk&nqDdk gksdj vk,] ?kqy& s feys vkSj jp&cl x,A mnwZ ds ek/;e ls vjch] Qkjlh ds vufxur 'kCn fganLq rku ds ekgkSy esa ?kqy& s feys rks fganh us mUgsa viuk Ük`x a kj gh cuk fy;kA fyfi dh ckM+ chp esa u jgs rks lkekU; fganh vkSj mnwZ

esa rks varj djuk Hkh dfBu gks tk,A ysfdu] fgaxt sz h ;k fgafXy'khdj.k dks rks Hkk"kkbZ vkØe.k gh dgk tk ldrk gSA ehfM;k 'kCnksa dh vko';drk fcuk igpkus fganh esa mUgsa cyiwod Z Fkksi jgk gSA vaxt sz h 'kCnksa esa gh csgrj vfHkO;fDr&lkeF;Z vkSj lai"sz k.k&'kfDr ns[kus okyksa dks ,d ckj ;g Hkh ns[k ysuk pkfg, fd fganh us vkdk'kok.kh] ok;q;ku] gokbZvM~Mk] nwjn'kZu] tyok;q] izoDrk] izHkko] js[kkfp=] uxjikfydk] lekpkj&i=] i=dkj] i=kpkj vkSj laikndh; tSls lSdM+kas lqna j 'kCn l`ftr fd, gSAa bPNk'kfDr vkSj ladYi gks rks nwljs reke vaxt sz h 'kCnksa ds Hkh fganh esa T;knk csgrj fodYi rS;kj fd, tk ldrs gSAa

okLro esa fganh dk ewy LoHkko ns[ksa rks blds vly lxs&lac/a kh ;gka ds okrkoj.k esa iuiha Hkk"kk,a&cksfy;ka gh gks ldrh gS]a tcfd vaxt sz h dh txg nwj ds fj'rsnkj ls vf/kd dh ugha curhA tks yksx fganh dk gktek vaxt sz h ls detksj le>rs gS]a os Hkze esa gSa vkSj fganh dk gktek c<+kus ds pDdj esa mldh lsgr cjckn dj jgs gSAa ¢


tarj&earj ¢

tufoeq[k ljdkj

;Fkkor C;wjks

chrs i[kokM+s tarj&earj ij dqN vkSj laxBu tufoeq[k ljdkj dk fojksËk djrh fn[khA buesa dksbZ ijek.kq la;=a dk fojksËk dj jgs Fks rks tkVks ds rtZ ij vkj{k.k dh ekax dj jgs FksA

ijek.kq

la;= a fodkl ugha fouk'k ds dkjd gSAa dqN yksxksa dks rks ijek.kq ÅtkZ ls ykHk fey ldrk gSA ijarq ijek.kq nq?kZVukvksa ls fo'o ekuork dks Hkkjh dher pqdkuh iM+h gSA bu gknlksa ds Hk;adj ifj.kkeksa ls gj ns'k ifjfpr gSA ijarq fodkl'khy vkSj vfodflr ns'kksa dh ljdkjsa blls lh[k ysrs utj ugha vk jgh gSAa tgka fodflr ns'kksa esa ijek.kq fctyh ?kjksa dks tu fojksËk ds dkj.k can fd;k tk jgk gS ogha Hkkjr ljdkj ij viuh turk ds fojksËk dk dksbZ vlj ugha iM+ jgk gSA ^ijek.kq ÅtkZ fojksËkh tulaln* esa bu ckrksa dks çeq[krk ls mBk;k x;kA bl tu laln dk vk;kstu tarj&earj ij fd;k x;k FkkA ftlesa cM+h la[;k esa fdlku] etnwj vkSj i;kZoj.kfon lfEefyr gq, FksA ^vf[ky Hkkjrh; ijek.kq ÅtkZ fojksËkh tu igy* laLFkk bldk usrR` o dj jgh FkhA ^if'peh ?kkV cpkvks vkanksyu* ds dsæa h; la;kstd ih-ts- tsEl us tkiku ds Qqd'q khek esa gq, Hk;kog ijek.kq gknls dk ftØ fd;kA mUgksua s vesfjdk esa ^Fkzh ekby vkbySM a * vkSj iwoZ lksfo;r la?k ds psuksfcZy esa gq, cM+s gknlksa dk gokyk nsrs gq, ijek.kq ÅtkZ dks tufojksËkh crk;kA mUgksua s dgk fd ljdkj fcuk fdlh rS;kjh ds ijek.kq la;= a yxok jgh gSA fo"ke ifjfLFkfr;ksa ls fucVus ds fy, lqj{kk dk dksbZ bartke ugha gSAa laLFkk ds la;kstd v:.k osyLdj us dgk fd laçx ljdkj us gky gh esa tkiku ds lkFk ijek. kq le>kSrk fd;k gS vkSj Hkktik lfgr vU;

ny bl ij ekSu jgsA gekjs jktuhfrd nyksa dh pqIih crkrh gS fd os lkezkT;okn dk gqDe ctk jgs gSAa Hkksiky] vkaËk çns'k] rfeyukM+]q egkjk"Vª lfgr vU; jkT;ksa ls vk, yksxksa ds psgjksa ij vius [ksr&[kfygku vkSj thou dk ladV Li"V fn[kykbZ iM+ jgk FkkA ij fodkl ds vaËkh nkSM+ esa ljdkj bls vuns[kk djus ij mrk: gSA tkV leqnk; dks vkj{k.k feyus ds ckn eqfLye leqnk; Hkh vius lekt ds nfyr rcdksa dks vkj{k.k dh ekax dks rst dj fn;k gSA chrs 17 Qjojh ls jk"Vªh; vksyek dkSfa ly ds lnL;ksa us tarj&earj ij Øfed vu'ku vkSj Ëkjuk nsdj viuh ekax nksgjk jgs gSAa dkSfa ly ds usrkvksa dk dguk gS fd eqfLyeksa ds nfyrksa dks vkj{k.k nsus esa ËkeZ vkM+s vk jgk gSA bl vM+pu dks lafoËkku esa la'kksËku djds nwj fd;k tk ldrk gSA ysfdu jktuhfrd ny fganv q ksa ds nfyrksa vkSj eqlykeuksa ds nfyrksa esa HksnHkko dj jgh gSA jk"Vªh; vksyek dkSfa ly ds jk"Vªh; vË;{k ekSykuk vkfej j'kknh enuh dk dguk gS fd lafoËkku lfefr us Hkkjr dks ,d laçHkq]lektoknh rFkk ËkeZfujis{k x.kra= cuk;k FkkA lafoËkku fuekZrkvks us ns'k ds vNwrks]a nfyrksa ,oa detksj oxZ ds thou Lrj dks Åij mBkus ds fy, vaxt sz ljdkj }kjk cuk, x, dkuwu dh Hkkafr mUgsa vuqlfw pr tkfr esa lEefyr fd;kA vkSj mudh tula[;k ds vuqikr esa foËkku eaMy] ljdkjh lsokvksa vkSj 'kS{kf. kd laLFkkvksa esa mudk leqfpr çfrfufËkRo

lqfuf'pr fd;kA blds fy, lafoËkku dh Ëkkjk 341 ds rgr vkj{k.k dh O;oLFkk dh xbZA enuh vkxs crkrs gSa fd rc vuqlfw pr tkfr dh lwph esa lHkh ËkeksZ ds ekuus okys nfyr lekt ds yksx lEefyr FksA ijarq lafoËkku ykxw gksus ds ckn çËkkuea=h iafMr Tkokgjyky usg: us 10 vxLr 1950 dks ,d vË;kns'k ikl djk;k fd Ëkkjk 341 ds rgr vuqlfw pr tkfr ds dsoy mUgha yksxksa dks vkj{k.k rFkk vU; lqfoËkkvksa dk ykHk feysxk tks fgUnw gksA jk"Vªh; vksyek dkSfa ly ds lnL;ksa us dkaxl sz vË;{k lksfu;k xkaËkh dh 'ko;k=k fudkyh o iqryk ngu fd;kA mUgksua s psrkouh nh fd ;fn dsæa ljdkj us le; jgrs ekaxas ugha ekuh rks mls lÙkk ls nwj dj nsxAas jk"Vªh; vksyek dkSfa ly ds jk"Vªh; dks"kk˸k{k ekSykuk 'kgkc v[rj dkleh dgrs gSa fd fl[k leqnk; ds nfyrksa us bl vlaoËS kkfud vU;k; iw.kZ ,oa neudkjh uhfr ds fo#) vius vfËkdkj dh yM+kbZ yM+hA rc 1956 esa bl vË;kns'k esa la'kksËku djds fganw o fl[k gksuk vfuok;Z dj fn;k x;kA fQj 1990 esa ,d vU; la'kksËku dj ckS) nfyrks dks Hkh 'kkfey dj fy;k x;kA ij eqfLye ,oa bZlkbZ nfyr vkt Hkh vius vkj{k.k ds laoËS kkfud vfËkdkj ls oafpr gSA mUgksua s ;g Hkh dgk fd ge bl vlaoËS kkfud vU;k;iw.kZ ,oa dkys dkuwu dks Hkkjr ds lafoËkku esa fn, x, ekSfyd vfËkdkjkas dk guu vkSj lafoËkku dh ea'kk ds fo#) ekurs gSAa ¢ ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

55


n'kk&fn'kk ¢

;Fkkor Vhe

eqfDr ikvks fonsf'k;ksa ls Hkkjr

esa dqN yksx ,d [ksy] fØdsV ds çfr brus nhokus gSa fd mls Hkxoku dh rjg iwtrs gSAa lfpu rsna y q dj dks rks fØdsV dk Hkxoku rd dgk x;kA ij bldh vuns[kh dh xbZ fd lfpu dks x<+us okys jekdkar vpjsdj Hkkjrh; gh Fks] fons'kh ughaA ojuk D;k dkj.k gS fd fiNys 14 o"kZ ls Hkkjrh; Vhe fons'kh çf'k{kd ;kuh dksp ij fuHkZj gSAa lu 2000 ds ckn ls yxkrkj U;wthySM a ds tkWu jkbV] vkWLVªfs y;k ds xzx s pSiy] nf{k.k vfÝdk ds xSjh dLVuZ dksp jgs rks vc ftEckCcs ds Madu ¶yspj Hkkjrh; f[kykfM+;ksa dks çf'k{k.k ns jgs gSAa bl chp fookfnr gq, pSiy ds tkus ds ckn vkSj u, fons'kh dksp ds bartkj esa dqN fnuksa ds fy, jfo 'kkL=h dks ftEesnkjh nh xbZA gkykafd blls igys dksbZ fons'kh dksp ugha FkkA cgjgky tc dksp gh j[kuk gS rks D;k Hkkjr dks dksbZ f[kykM+h bl yk;d ugha gksrkA vc Hkkjrh; fØdsV ds egkure f[kykM+h lquhy xkoLdj us ,d uke lq>k;k gS& jkgqy æfoM+A tks gky rd Vhe ds lcls Hkjksles na f[kykM+h ekus tkrs Fks] lQy dIrku Hkh jgs gSAa ml nkSjku muds xaHkhj vkSj la;r O;ogkj dh lc ç'kalk djrs FksA xkoLdj dgrs gSa fd orZeku Vhe ds lHkh lnL; æfoM+ dks lEeku nsrs gSAa fygktk ckgj ls utj gVkvks] Hkhrj >kadksA ;gka ;ksX; yksxksa dh deh ugha gSA

vc cp fudyuk eqf'dy jktusrkvksa

dh fxjrh lk[k ds chp loksPZ p U;k;ky; us tSls r; dj fy;k gS fd og yksdlHkk] jkT;lHkk vkSj jkT;ksa dh foËkkulHkkvksa dks de ls de vijkfËk;ksa dh mifLFkfr ls rks eqDr djk gh nsxkA vHkh rks gkykr ;g gSa fd dsoy yksdlHkk ds 543 esa ls 162 ;kuh yxHkx 30 izfr'kr fuokZfpr çfrfufËk;ksa ij vkijkfËkd ekeys ntZ gSAa buesa ls Hkh 76 lkalnksa ds f[kykQ xaHkhj Ëkkjkvksa esa ekeys yafcr gSAa xaHkhj Ëkkjkvksa dk eryc gS gR;k] vigj.k] cykRdkj tSls t?kU; vijkËkksa esa vkjksih gSAa ij vc ;g T;knk fnu rd ugha pysxkA loksPZ p U;k;y; us fupyh vnkyrksa dks ;g vkns'k fn;k gS fd vkjksi i= nkf[ky gks tkus ds ckn tu çfrfufËk;ksa ls tqMs+ ekeyksa dk fuiVkjk ,d lky ds Hkhrj dj nsAa vxj fupyh vnkyr ds U;k;kËkh'k ekeys dks yVdk, j[krs gSa rks mUgsa mPp U;k;ky; ds lkeus bl ij lQkbZ nsuh iM+ ldrh gSA loksPZ p U;k;ky; ds bl fu.kZ; us nkxh vkSj vijkËkh ^ekuuh;ks*a dks lnes esa Mky fn;k gSA D;ksfa d vc rd os mu ij yafcr ekeyksa dk o"kksZa rd fuiVkjk u gksus ds pyrs ekSt dj jgs FksA loksPZ p U;k;ky; ds u, vkns'k ds ckn vxj orZeku yksdlHkk esa ,sls tUkizfrfufËk pqu Hkh fy, tkrs gSa rks os vxys lky ebZ rd gh laln ds lnL; jg ldsx a As ,sls çfrfufËk;ksa esa 2th ?kksVkys ds vkjksih vkSj æeqd lkaln ,- jktk vkSj dfueks>h ds lkFk gh jk"VªeM a y [ksy ?kksVkys ds vkjksih lqj's k dyekMh lcls igys blds f'kdkj cusx a As jktk vkSj dfueks>h ij 3tuojh] 2012 dks vkjksi r; gq, gS rks dyekM+h ds f[kykQ 20ebZ] 2011 dks vkjksi i= nkf[ky gqvk FkkA ,d lkaln] dkes'oj cSBk ds f[kykQ rks gR;k vkSj gR;k ds ç;kl vkfn ds dqy feykdj 46 ekeys ntZ gSa vkSj buesa ls dqN ekeyksa esa o"kksZa iwoZ vkjksi i= Hkh nkf[ky gks pqdk gSA ns'k Hkj esa ,sls tu çfrfufËk;ksa dh vc [kSj ughaA D;ksfa d vxj vkjksi lkfcr gq, vkSj ltk gqbZ rks lnuksa ds njokts buds fy, can gks tk,axAs D;ksfa d nks"kh fl) gq, fdlh Hkh O;fDr ds fy, U;k;ky; igys gh jkLrs can dj pqdk gSA

56

;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014


yksdlHkk pquko esa tkyh uksV\ ns'k esa gksus okys fdlh Hkh vke pquko esa fons'kh cSda ksa esa tek ^dkyk/ku* U;k;kewfrZ dsVh Fk‚el

yksdiky ij fdjfdjh dkQh tíkstgn ds ckn yksdiky ikfjr

gqvkA ysfdu vc blds xBu esa eqf'dysa vk jgh gSAa ns'k ds igys yksdiky dh fu;qfDr dh çfØ;k ds fy, yksdiky p;u çfØ;k lfefr ds vË;{k U;k;kewfrZ dsVh Fk‚el us in R;kx fn;k gSA çËkkuea=h dks fy[ks i= esa mUgksua s dgk gS] Þ;g lfefr iwjh vktknh ds lkFk ,sls O;fDr;ksa dk p;u ugha dj ldrh] tks lcls mi;qDr gksA bls dsæa ljdkj }kjk lq>k, x, ukeksa ij gh fopkj djuk gksxkAß fo[;kr U;k;fon Qyh- ,lujheu us rks yksdiky p;u çfØ;k lfefr dk fgLlk cuus ls gh budkj dj fn;k FkkA mUgksua s dgk fd dsæa ljdkj mfpr çfØ;k dk ikyu ugha dj jgh gSA mUgksua s vk'kadk trkbZ gS fd cgqLrjh; çfØ;k lokZfËkd l{ke] Lora= vkSj lkglh yksxksa dh vuns[kh dj ldrh gSA crkrs pysa fd Hkz"Vkpkj fujksËkd laLFkk yksdiky ds vË;{k ,oa lnL;ksa ds p;u gsrq mi;qDr yksxksa ds uke lq>kus ds fy, ,d lfefr xfBr dh xbZ gSA bl lfefr dk dke yksdiky ds vË;{k vkSj lnL; in ds fy, ;ksX; yksxksa ds uke lq>kuk gSA ijarq ;g lfefr tks uke lq>k,xh mu ij çËkkuea=h dh vË;{krk okyh p;u lfefr Hkh fopkj djsxhA tkudkjksa dk ekuuk gS fd bl rjg dh p;u çfØ;k ls yksdiky Hkh oSlh gh laLFkk cudj jg tk,xh ftlesa ljdkj dh pkVqdkfjrk djus okyksa dh Hkjekj gksxhA ;g laLFkk Lora= ,oa fu"i{k ugha cu ik,xhA bUgha fcUnqvksa dks ns[krs gq, U;k;kËkh'k Fk‚el vkSj U;k;fon ujheu us loky [kM+s fd, gSAa

okil ykus dk eqík tksj&'kksj ls mBrk gSA 2014 vke pquko esa Hkh ;g çeq[k eqík gSA foi{kh ny bls çeq[krk ls mBkrs gSAa jktuhfrd ny ns'k ds xjhc ernkrkvksa dks lCtckx fn[kkrs gSa fd ;fn ;g ^dkyk/ku* okil vk tk, rks ns'k ls xjhch dks lekIr fd;k tk ldrk gSA ysfdu iM+kl s h ns'kksa ds rLdj pquko ds le; xjhcksa dk mi;ksx tkyh Hkkjrh; uksVksa ds fy, dj jgs gSAa yksdlHkk pquko ds igys og Hkkjr esa Hkkjh ek=k esa tkyh uksVksa dh [ksi igqp a kus dh fQjkd esa gSAa ns'k esa yksdlHkk pquko dh vkgV ls foÙkh; [kqfQ;k laLFkkvksa us lrdZrk c<+k nh gSA bl lrdZrk vkSj tkap esa pkSd a kus okys rF; lekus vk, gSAa lw=ksa dk dguk gS fd bl le; tkyh uksVksa dh rLdjh dkQh c<+ xbZ gSA Hkkjrh; foÙkh; laLFkk,a pquko ds le; nwljs ns'kksa ls rLdjh ds ek/;e ls Hkkjh ek=k esa vkus okys tkyh Hkkjrh; uksVksa ls fpafrr gks xbZ gSa A jktLo [kqfQ;k foHkkx ¼MhvkjvkbZ ½ ds vkf/kdkfjd lw=ksa us tkap esa ik;k gS fd ns'k esa tkyh Hkkjrh; uksVksa dh rLdjh ds ekeyksa esa bl lky dh 'kq#vkr ls dkQh btkQk gqvk gS] ftlds eísutj foÙkh; [kqfQ;k laLFkkvksa us viuh lrdZrk c<+k nh gSA MhvkjvkbZ us nkok fd;k gS fd ikfdLrku esa Nkih xbZ tkyh Hkkjrh; eqæk dh rLdjh ds fy, iM+kl s h ns'kks& a Jhyadk] usiky o ckaXykns'k ds jkLrksa dk bLrseky c<+ jgk gSA fo;ruke o eysf'k;k ds jkLrs Hkh tkyh uksVksa dh rLdjh gks jgh gSA lcls cM+h ckr ;g gS fd bu uksVksa dks vklkuh ls igpku ikuk laHko ugha gSA MhvkjvkbZ ds vf/kdkfj;ksa us vçSy] 2013 ls tuojh] 2014 ds nkSjku Hkkjr ls ckgj ,sls ikap ekeys ntZ fd, gSa vkSj Hkkjh ek=k esa tkyh Hkkjrh; eqæk cjken dh gSA

dpjk [kRe djus dh dok;n vkWLVªfs y;k dh ljdkj us dpjs dks [kRe djus ds fy, ;kstuk 'kq: dh

gSA ysfdu ;g ;kstuk varfj{k esa ekStnw dpjs ds fy, gSA pkSfa d, er! i`Foh ls vfËkd dpjk varfj{k esa gSA bl dpjs dk Hkys dksbZ çR;{k çHkko balku ij ugha iM+rk gSA ij vçR;{k çHkko bruk vfËkd gS fd balku mlds ckjs esa lksp Hkh ugha ldrk gSA orZeku esa ftrus rduhdh lkËkuksa ls ge ySl gSa og varfj{k esa ekStnw reke rjg ds mixzgksa dh nsu gSA vxj varfj{k esa ekStnw ;g dpjk mixzgksa ls Vdjk tk, rks lapkj O;oLFkk gh Bi iM+ tk,xhA oSKkfudksa dk ekuuk gS fd varfj{k esa dpjs ds rhu yk[k ls Hkh T;knk VqdM+s gSAa buesa cksYV~l ds NksV& s NksVs VqdM+s ls ysdj j‚dsVl ~ ds cM+& s cM+s fgLls rd 'kkfey gSAa vkWLVªfs y;k bUgsa u"V djus ds fy, vesfjdh ,tsl a h uklk ds lkFk feydj dke jgk gSA nksuksa ns'k varfj{k esa mifLFkfr dpjs dk irk yxk,ax a s vkSj mldk uD'kk rS;kj djsx a As blds fy, ekmaV LVªkes yks v‚ctjosVjh fLFkr baÝk&jsM ystj okys VsyhLdksi dh lgk;rk yh tk,xhA v‚LVªfs y;u us'kuy ;wfuoflZVh ds fjlpZ Ldwy v‚Q ,LVªkus kseh ,aM ,LVªkfs QftDl ds funs'kd dk dguk gS fd bl ifj;kstuk ij vxys nl lky esa dke 'kq: gks ldrk gSA varfj{k esa QSys dpjs dks ns[krs gq, bls O;kid iSekus ij 'kq: fd;k tkuk egRoiw.kZ gSA bl ifj;kstuk dks vatke nsus ds fy, dks&vkWijsfVo fjlpZ lsVa j dh LFkkiuk dh tk,xhA blesa nks djksM+ M‚yj vkWLVªfs y;k us fn, gSa vkSj pkj djksM+ M‚yj futh {ks= usA bldk çeq[k mís'; ystj dh 'kfDr dks c<+kuk vkSj dpjs ds VqdM+kas dks i`Foh ds ckgjh ok;qeM a y esa tykdj u"V dj nsuk gSA ¢ ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

57


flusek

vkfej [kku % lathnk vfHkusrk eksgu lgk;

vkfej [kku us dqN csgrjhu fQYesa dh gSa tks mUgsa ,d csgrjhu vfHkusrk ds lkFk lathnk O;fDr ds :i esa mHkjkdj lkeus ykrh gSaA ^lR;eso t;rs* ls mudh lekftd lksp Hkh lkeus vkrh gSA

fganh fQYe txr el[kjksa ls Hkjk gqvk gSA ;gka ij tks yksx

i<+& s fy[ks gaS mUgsa Hkh fQYeh nqfu;k ds ckgj dh tkudkjh de gh gSA dqN lky igys eq>s luh nsvksy ls feyus dk ekSdk feykA muls ckrphr ds nkSjku eq>s irk pyk fd muds ikl ns'k&nqfu;k ds ckjs esa tkudkjh ugha gSA blls eSa dkQh pfdr gqvkA luh us ;g ckr ekuh fd og lekpkj i= ugha i<+rAs gka] vU; cgqr dke djrs jgrs gSAa bl eqykdkr ds ckn eq>s ;g dgus esa dksbZ ladksp ugha gS fd T;knkrj fQYe LVkj ^^luh Dykl* ds gh gaAS ,d ckj ,d fQYeh dykdkj ls iwNk x;k fd Hkkjr ds igys jk"Vªifr dkSu Fks mlus tokc fn;k bafnjk xkaËkhA dqN lky igys fQYeh txr ds gh fdlh O;fDr us dgk Fkk fd lksfu;k xkaËkh çËkkuea=h gaAS gkykafd ,slk ugha gS fd lHkh ,sls gh gaAS dqN viokn Hkh gSAa vkfej [kku mUgha esa ls ,d gaAS mudk çksxkz e ^lR;eso t;rs* fiNys fnuksa ns[kkA dkQh csgrjhu çksxkz e gSA blesa mUgksua s lekt dh okLrfodrk dks fpf=r fd;k gSA cgjgky ,d vfHkusrk ds :i esa eSa mUgsa cgqr cf<+;k ugha dg ldrkA ysfdu fuekZrk vkSj funs'Z kd ds :i esa fuf'pr gh og csgrj gaAS vkfej [kku dh fQYe Þrkjs teha ijß csgrj FkhA blesa insZ ij ,d ,sls yM+ds ds fp= dks mdsjk x;k gS tks i<+us esa detksj gSA mlds ekrk&firk bl otg ls mls cgqr MkaVrs&QVdkjrs gaAS ckn esa mls i<+us ds fy, cksfMax Z Ldwy Hkst nsrs gSAa ogka ij ,d vË;kid ¼vkfej [kku½ cPpksa dh detksjh vkSj rkdr dh igpku djkrk gSA fQj mlh fglkc ls cPpksa dks rS;kj djrk gSA blls ml cPps dh fxurh Ldwy ds csgrj yM+dksa esa gksus yxrh gSA blesa dksbZ nks jk; ugha gS fd ;g fQYe cgqr ekfeZd gSA

vkfej dh dqN csgrjhu fQYesa xqyke rkjs teha ij Fkzh bfM,V~l yxku ljQjks'k eaxy ikaM jax ns clarh Ëkksch ?kkV ryk'k

58

;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

oSls vkfej [kku dks cM+h lQyrk 1988 esa fjyht gqbZ fQYe Þd;ker ls d;ker rd** ls feyhA ;g fQYe ;qokvksa ds chp csgn yksdfç; gqbAZ blds xkus ^^vdsys gS rks D;k xe gS--- rsjs rks gS ge dc ls lue vkSj ,s esjs ge lQj--- 25 lky ckn Hkh dkQh lqus tkrs gSAa ;fn vkfej [kku dh rqyuk lyeku vkSj 'kkg:[k ls dh tk, rks fuf'pr gh og bu nksuksa [kkuksa ls csgrj dykdkj gSA gka] ;s vyx ckr gS fd 'kkg:[k [kku vius dks cM+k dykdkj ekurs gS ij vfHku; ds uke ij thjks gaAS oSls rks vkfej us Hkh dbZ O;kolkf;d vkSj ?kfV;ka fQYesa dh gSA ^Ëkwe 3* bldk lcls csgrjhu mnkgj.k gSA ;g fQYe c‚Dl v‚fQl ij lQy jghA ij ;g dkQh cksfjax fQYe FkhA bl fQYe dks rks >syuk gh eqf'dy gks jgk FkkA vkfej [kku ds yhM jksy esa gksus ds ckn Hkh fFk;sVj esa cSBuk dfBu gks jgk FkkA cgjgky orZeku esa tks c‚Mh&'kkMh fn[kkus dk pyu gS] mlesa lyeku [kku rks xq# gSAa ysfdu vkfej ds fy, ;g dkQh pqukSrhiw.kZ gSA gka] ;s vyx ckr gS fd og Hkh flDl iSd fn[kkrs gSAa xtuh fQYe esa rks mUgksua s vius flDl iSd dks :igys insZ ij c[kwch mdsjk FkkA ij ;g rks iDdh ckr gS fd blds fy, vkfej us eghuksa e'kDdr dh gksxhA vkfej dh nks vkSj fQYesa gSa ftudh dkQh ljkguk gqbAZ muesa ls ,d ÞFkzh bfM;V~lß gSA blesa vkfej [kku us ns'k dh f'k{k.k O;oLFkk dh ml nq[krh jkx ij gkFk j[kk Fkk tks balku ugha e'khu rS;kj djus esa fo'okl j[krh gSAa lkFk gh mu jblksa dh Hkh iksy&iêh [kksyh Fkh tks iSls ds cy ij f'k{kk O;oLFkk ls f[kyokM+ djrs gSAa ;s yksx dSls iSls ds tksj ij fcuk dkyst x, gh fMxzh gkfly dj ysrs gaAS ;g vkt ds Hkkjrh; lekt dh dVq lPpkbZ gS ftlls eqga ugha eksMk+ tk ldrk gSA cgqrjs s ,sls yksx gS tks dkyst ugha tkrs gSAa ysfdu muds ikl ih,pMh vkSj ,efQy dh fMxzh gksrh gSA vkfej [kku us dqN csgrjhu fQYesa dh gSa tks mUgsa ,d csgrjhu vfHkusrk ds lkFk lathnk O;fDr ds :i esa mHkjkdj lkeus ykrh gSAa ¢ lR;eso t;rs ls mudh lekftd lksp Hkh lkeus vkrh gSA


thou jhfr ¢

MkW- ;rh'k vxzoky

larfq yr ruko oh.kk ds rkjksa ds dlko dh rjg gS] ftlls thou dk eËkqj laxhr tUe ysrk gSA fdlh Hkh jpukRed vkSj l`tu'khy dk;Z dh iwfrZ ruko ds fcuk ugha gks ldrhA ysfdu] bldk yacs le; rd cuk jguk fuf'pr gh gkfudkjd gSA

'kgjh thou dh eup;kZ detksj

iM+rk lkekftd <kapk] lq[k&lqfoËkkvksa dh c<+rh I;kl] ?kj&dk;kZy; esa [khapkrkuh] jkst le>kSr]s ne rksMr+ h vk'kk,a] eu dh VwVu vkSj Le`fr;ksa ds nq[krs fgLlsA ;gh 'kgjh thou dh fnup;kZ ds os rRo gS]a ftldk vlj gj rjQ fn[k jgk gSA pkjksa rjQ ruko&gh&ruko vkSj mlls mRiUu 'kkjhfjd&ekufld jksxA vkËkqfud thou esa ruko ,d egkekjh dk :i ys pqdk gSA dqN cM+s lkeqnkf;d vË;;uksa ds vuqlkj if'peh ns'kksa esa 50&75 çfr'kr jksx ruko ls tqMs+ gSAa deksc's k ;gh fLFkfr nqfu;k ds nwljs ns'kksa dh gSA ruko og ekufld d"V gS tks çfrdwy ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa mitrk gSA bls oSKkfud –f"V ls ifjHkkf"kr djsa rks ;gh dgsx a s fd ruko og ifjfLFkfr gS tks çk.kh dk LokHkkfod lary q u Mxexk tkus ls iSnk gksrh gSA ij lPpkbZ ;g gS fd ;s nksuksa gh ifjHkk"kk,a ruko dh iw.kZ O;k[;k ugha djrh gSAa lp dgwa rks ruko dk dsuokl cgqr foLr`r gS] ftls fdlh ifjHkk"kk esa ckaËk ikuk vHkh rd laHko ugha gks ik;k gSA ;g ,d tfVy çfrfØ;k gS tks u flQZ ckgjh ifjfLFkfr;ksa ls tqMh+ gS] cfYd vkneh ds eu] O;fDrRo vkSj efLr"d dh tSo&jklk;fudh ls Hkh xgjs tqMh+ gSA gekjs thou esa vkusokys gj ckgjh vkSj vkarfjd ncko gekjs Hkhrj ruko iSnk djrs gSAa ;s ncko dbZ rjg ds gks ldrs gS& a dqN NksV]s dqN cM+As budk :i dqN Hkh gks ldrk gS& jkstejkZ dh >q> a ykgVs]a tcjnLrh ds dke] vfu;fer uhan] t:jr ls T;knk dke] Fkdku] bPNk vkSj deZ ds chp dh [kkbZ] lQy gksus ds ckn lQy cus jgus dk ncko vkfnA ruko dh viuh ,d fof'k"V 'kkjhfjd Hkk"kk gSA bls gj dksbZ i<+ ldrk gS] c'krsZ vki mldh fyfi igpkurs gksAa gko&Hkko] mBus&cSBus dh eqæk,a] O;ogkj esa vk, ifjorZu rFkk ekalisf'k;ksa vkSj 'kjhj ds vkarfjd vaxksa ls vk jgs ladrs ksa ls ;g Hkkai ysuk eqf'dy ugha fd dkSu O;fDr rukoxzLr gSA ruko dh fLFkfr esa lcls igys efLr"d ds vËk'psrd {ks= esa gypy gksrh gSA blesa dksfVZdksVkª fs Qu fjyhftax g‚eksuZ vkSj dqN nwljs tSo&jlk;uksa

dh mRifÙk gksrh gSA fQj ,d ds ckn ,d tSo&jklk;fud çfØ;k gksrh gSA bl tSo&jklk;fud gypy ls 'kjhj esa ,d lkFk dbZ ifjorZu gksrs gSAa raf=dkra= dh vuqdia h ç.kkyh ds mÙksftr gksus ls ân;&xfr rst gks tkrh gS] jDrpki c<+ tkrk gS rFkk efLr"d vkSj isf'k;ksa esa [kwu dk nkSj c<+ tkrk gSA vka[kksa dh iqrfy;ka QSy tkrh gS]a 'okl&fØ;k rst gks tkrh gS] isf'k;ka ru tkrh gSAa Ropk ij fLFkr ilhus dh xzfa Fk;ka lfØ; gks mBrh gSAa 'kjhj esa ihM+k&gkjh çk—frd tSo&jlk;u ,aMksjfQu dh ek=k c<+ tkrh gS vkSj vlkekU; nnZ lgus dh {kerk iSnk gks tkrh gSA ;g ifjorZu vkneh dks [krjksa dk lkeuk djus ds dkfcy cukrs gSAa [kwu dk nkSj vkSj 'okl&xfr c<+ tkus ls efLr"d] fny vkSj ekalisf'k;ksa rd vfrfjDr v‚Dlhtu vkSj Xywdkst igqp a us yxrs gSAa blls mudh dk;Z{kerk c<+ tkrh gSA vkneh pqukSrh ls fuiVus dh csgrj fLFkfr esa vk tkrk gSA larfq yr ruko oh.kk ds rkjksa ds dlko dh rjg gS] ftlls thou dk eËkqj laxhr tUe ysrk gSA fdlh Hkh jpukRed vkSj l`tu'khy dk;Z dh iwfrZ ruko ds fcuk ugha gks ldrhA lp dgwa rks ruko u jgs rks thou fcYdqy ,djl vkSj ,dlkj gks tk,xkA ij gka] tc ruko yacs le; rd cuk jgrk gS rks ;g fuf'pr gh gkfudkjd fl) gksrk gSA isf'k;ksa dk ruko Fkdku ls lkFk&lkFk flj] xnZu] daËks vkSj ihB esa nnZ iSnk djrk gSA Ëkefu;ksa dk yphykiu ?kVus ls mPp jDrpki] i{kk?kkr vkSj fny ds nkSjs dh fLFkfr;ka cu ldrh gSAa tBjka= ç.kkyh ij gq, nq"çHkko ls iSfIVd vYlj] dksykbfVl] dCt ;k isV pyus dh leL;k gks ldrh gSA efgykvksa esa ekfld&pØ ds fodkj mRiUu gks ldrs gSAa 'kjhj dh jksx cpko ç.kkyh ds detksj iM+ tkus ls NksV& s eksVs jksxksa ls ysdj dSl a j tSls xaHkhj jksx Hkh gks ldrs gSAa euks&efLr"d ds Lrj ij ruko dbZ euksjksxksa o fodkjksa dh mxzrk vkSj mRifÙk dk dkj.k curk gSA volkn] ckË; euksxfz Lr vkfn fodkj dk ruko ls xgjk ukrk gSA ¢ ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

59


ikf{kd ç'u

vki vkSj [kcfj;k pSuy vxj vki esa lkgl gS rks t:j [kcfj;k pSuy ns[krs gksaxsA ogka vki D;k ns[krs gSa] ;g vki tkusa D;ksafd vki vdsys ugha gSaA [kcfj;k pSuyksa esa vki fu'p; gh ^vki* dks ik,axsA

tqxuw 'kkjns;

vki

;kuh vke vkneh ikVhZA vke vkneh dk lcls cM+k ladV gS fd lcdk ml ij d‚ihjkbV gSA pwfa d yksxksa ds oksV ls fnYyh esa vke vkneh ikVhZ dh rFkkdfFkr ljdkj 50 fnu ds igys gh csljdkj gks xbZA tkrs&tkrs mlds [kkl vkneh vjfoan dstjhoky us èkui'kqvksa dh tekr esa dgk fd muds 'kkludky esa fnYyh esa ?kwl[kksjh can gks xbZ ;k de gks xbZA FkksMh+ nsj ds ckn gh irk pyk fd dstjhoky Hkh oSls gh gokckth djrs gSa tSls ujsæa eksnh djrs gSAa dstjhoky dk nkok Fkk fd mudk nkok Vªkl a ijsl a h baVjus'kuy ds gokys ls gSA VkbEl vkWQ bafM;k ds eqrkfcd ;g tkudkjh 'kkft;k bYeh us nhA 'kkft;k dks ;g tkudkjh vius ml nksLr us nh tks Vªkl a ijsl a h baVjus'kuy esa dke djrk gSA vc Vªkl a ijsl a h baVjus'kuy dh eqlhcr ;g gS fd mls dksbZ Økafr ugha djuh gS vkSj u gh >kM+w ls dqN cgkjuk gSA mUgas vPNk ugha yxk fd muds cgkus yksx cM+h&cM+h ckr djsAa tSls ;g Hkh cgl dk eqík gS fd tc Hkz"Vkpkj ds fojksèk esa viuh xkaèkh Vksih; Nfo cukus okys vUuk gtkjs tc laln ls ikl yksdiky dks viuk vk'khokZn ns ldrs gSa rks vki ds tuyksdiky esa D;k [kkle[kkl gksxk\ vkf[kjdkj mlh tuyksdiky ds fy, rks og fnYyhifr ls vkeifr gks x,A vkSj vc dsoy fnYyh ds yksx tkurs gSa fd fnYyh esa ?kwl[kksjh fdruh de gqbZ gSA ysfdu Vªkl a ijsl a h baVjus'kuy us ckdk;nk c;ku ns dj dgk] ^^,slk dksbZ losZ ugha gqvk gS ftldk lacèa k Vªkl a ijsl a h baVjus'kuy ls gks vkSj 'kkft;k bYeh dk lw= Vªkl a ijsl a h baVjus'kuy dks NksM+ pqdk gSA** vc ftUgsa ekywe gS mUgsa vPNh rjg irk gS fd 'kkft;k bYeh Hkh dHkh [kcfj;k pSuy dh ,adjkuh FkhA mUgsa irk gS fd >wB] ekQ djsa vlR; dks dSls lR; cuk;k tk ldrk gSA blhfy, mudk tokch c;ku vk x;k fd fdlh Lora= ,tsl a h us dksbZ losZ fd;k gS ftlls lkfcr gksrk gS fd tc ls fnYyh esa vki dh ljdkj vkbZ rc ls Hkz"Vkpkj esa deh

60

;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

vkbZA ladV ;gh gS vkidk fd vki gj >wB dks lp eku ysrs gSAa ;gh [ksy ujsæa eksnh [ksy jgs gSa vkSj vc vki dh ckjh gS fd fnYyh esa ?kwl[kksjh de gks xbZA vc ;g Hkh dgk tk ldrk gS fd vki dh ljdkj u jgh rks ?kwl[kksjh c<+ xbZA vc ;g rks vkidks irk gh gS fd [kcfj;k pSuy dSls viuh Vhvkjih c<+kus ds fy, ,slh [kcjsa vkids lkeus ijkslrs gSa ftudh tkudkjh vkidks gksrh gSA ;kn djsa og fnu tc vki ds vjfoan dstjhoky dh ljdkj cuh gh Fkh fd ,d [kcfj;k pSuy us is'k dj fn;k uewuk& fnYyh esa [kqYye[kqYyk ?kwl[kksjh dk utkjkA tSls fd mlds igys fdlh Hkh [kcfj;k pSuy us ,slk peRdkj fn[kk;k gh ugha gks] ij mlus fn[kk fn;kA fn[kk gh ugha ;g Hkh crk fn;k fd ?kwl[kksjksa ij dkjZokbZ gks xbZ ;kuh mUgsa eqvÙky dj fn;k x;kA tSls eqvÙkyh cM+h Hkkjh ltk gksA dksbZ [kcfj;k pSuy ;g dHkh ugha crkrk fd eqvÙkyh ds ckn ukSdjh ls fudkys tkus ij D;k dkjZokbZ gks jgh gSA vc pSuyksa us vki dh fnYyh fot; ds ckn ;g r; dj fy;k gS fd ujsæa eksnh dk eqdkcyk vki ls gh gSA vki dks Hkh ,slh gh [kq'kQgeh gS D;ksfa d pSuyksa ij ogh gksrs gSAa eqf'dy ;g Hkh gS fd pquko pSuyksa dh Vhvkjih c<+kus dk

Hkh vkStkj gSA Hkyk dkSu ugha ns[kuk pkgsxk fd yksdfç;rk dh deku ij dkSu usrk fpr gksrk gS vkSj dkSu usrk vkxs c<+rk gSA deky rks bldk gS fd ,d lp lc ds lkeus gS fd yksdlHkk pquko 2014 dh nkSM+ esa dkaxl sz ikVhZ dgha ugha gSA ysfdu eqdkcyk djok nsrs gSa jkgqy xkaèkh vkSj ujsæa eksnh lsA vc vki [kcfj;k pSuy nsf[k, vkSj lc dqN vki vkSj dgka] xqtjkr esa ik,axAs ,slk yxrk gS fd lc dqN xqtjkr esa gh gSA fQj Hkh le> esa ugha vkrk fd vferkHk cPpu D;ksa foèkok foyki dj jgs gSa fd dqN fnu rks xqtkjks xqtjkr esAa vc bldk eryc vki fudkysAa eryc ugha fudky ldrs rks gj txg Nk;k gS Hkkjr fuekZ.k ls ysdj vkoklh;¼ ;g esjh ugha blds d‚ih jkbVj dh xyrh gS tks vkokfl; dks vkoklh; fy[krk gS ½ lkjs ds lkjs [kjkc çpkj ds Dykfldy mnkgj.k gSAa rdyhQ bl ckr dh gS jkgqy xkaèkh ds def'kZ;y esa dkaxl sz ikVhZ dk iSlk gS] ij Hkkjr fuekZ.k okys def'kZ;y esa vkids VSDl dk iSlk yxk gSA vxj vki VSDl pksjh djrs gSa rks HkkX;oku gS]a ugha djrs rks çlUu jfg, D;ksfa d VSDl pksjh ?kwl[kksjh ugha gSA ges'kk ;kn jf[k, pquko dky vlR; dky gksrk gS vkSj ml ?kks"k.kk i= dk dky gksrk gS ftls tc pkgs rc Hkqyk;k tk ldrk gSA¢


laLFkk lekpkj ¢

;Fkkor C;wjks

vkSjr dh dgkuh %

^fn QhfuDl oqeu* ukjh ds tUe ls e`R;q rd ds lQj dks c;ka djuk bruk vklku

ugha gSA ijarq mlds bl lQj ds laons ukvksa vkSj m}sxksa dks js.kqdk lksËa kh xqykVh us dSuokl ij mrkjk gSA mudh isfa Vax vkSj LdYipj dh çn'kZuh ^fn fQfuDl oqeu* ukjh 'kfDr dks mRlo ds rtZ ij is'k djrh gSA ftlesa mUgksua s ukjh dks viuh fofoËk çdkj dh ftEesnkfj;ksa dks LokHkkfod vkSj lgtrk ls fuHkkrs gq, fn[kk;k gSA mUgsa ns[k ,slk yxk jgk gS ekuksa os lekt] ifjokj vkSj bfrgkl esa viuk LFkku ekax jgh gksA ^QhfuDl oqeu* çn'kZuh ubZ fnYyh fLFkr f=os.kh dyk laxe esa vk;ksftr dh xbZ tks 6 ekpZ ls 16 ekpZ rd pysxhA js.kqdk lksËa kh dh ;g vkBoh ,dy çn'kZuh gSA bldk mn~?kkVu jk"Vªh; ekuokfËkdkj ds lnL; fu'kh ,oa 'kjr pUæ flUgk us fd;kA ukjh vkfn dky ls viuh {kerkvksa ij xkSjoe; LFkku dks çkIr djus dks ykykf;r gSA okLrfod thou dh ?kVukvksa ij vkËkkfjr ;s isfa Vax o LdYipj ukjh dh vkrafjd 'kfDr o rkdr dh dgkuh dgrs gSAa js.kqdk crkrh gS fd muds thou dk vfLrRo gh tSls isfa Vax vkSj LdYipj djus gsrq gSA os viuh isfa Vax ds tfj, ns'k ds lkekftd vkSj

jktuhfrd 'kSyh ij O;aX; Hkh djrh gSAa muds LdYipj esa iq#"kksa dks ifjokj esa 'kh"kZ LFkku ij mdsjk x;k gSA bl ckcr js.kqdk dgrh gSa fd os ewfrZdyk ds ekË;e ls çse ,oa ifjokj ds HkkSfrd ,oa vË;kfRed vfLrRo dks mtkxj djuk pkgrh gSAa ^QhfuDl oqeu* çn'kZuh ns'k dh mHkjrh gqbZ ukjh 'kfDr dks n'kkZrh gSA ¢

efgyk Lo;a cus viuh j{kd vkt

dksbZ efgyk 'kCn ys rks lcls igys tks [;ky vkrk gS rks og gS mldh lqj{kkA efgyk lqj{kk 'kklu&ç'kku ds fy, cM+h pqukSrh cuh gqbZ gSA lkekftd vkSj ikfjokfjd Lrj ij gks jgs 'kks"k.kksa esa dksbZ deh ugha vk jgh gSA blds fy, t:jh gS fd efgykvksa dks vkRej{kk dk çf'k{k.k fn;k tk,A bldh igy xSj ljdkjh laxBu ^Ýs.Ml* us dh gSA laLFkk ds vË;{k larks"k eaxy us dgk fd mUgksua s varjjk"Vªh; efgyk fnol ij ^çkstDs V fuHkZ;k* ds ;g 'kq#vkr dh gSA Ýs.Ml laLFkk fnYyh esa ipkl ls vfËkd txgksa ij viuk f'kfoj yxk,xh vkSj efgykvksa dks vkRej{kk dk çf'k{k.k nsxhA ;g dk;ZØe ,d lky rd pysxkA ogha laLFkk ds lfpo vk'kh"k vxzoky dk dguk gS fd efgykvksa dks vijkfËk;ksa ls eqdkcyk djus dk çf'k{k.k fn;k tk,xkA laLFkk dk dguk gS fd ,d lky esa mUgksua s yxHkx ikap gtkj efgykvksa dks çf'kf{kr djus dk y{; j[kk gSA laLFkk dh ;g igy ljkguh; gSA efgyk,a Lo;a dh j{kk djus ds dkfcy cu tk, rks muds çfr gks jgs vijkËkksa esa Lor% deh vkus yxsxhA ¢

;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

61


lcdh if=dk okn

~

fookn

~

laokn

okn&fookn&laokn dh if=dk ^;Fkkor* ns'k&nqfu;k dh gypy ls tqMu+ s dk tfj;k gSA ?kVukvksa ds lanHkZ] lkFkZdrk vkSj ljksdkj ds lkFkA if=dk uojpuk ds y{; ls izfs jr gSA ;g crk,xh fd ftl 'kklu] iz'kklu vkSj jkt&lekt esa ge th jgs gSa mlesa fdl izdkj ds uo&laLdkj dh vko';drk gSA ^;Fkkor* vkbZuk gS vke vkneh ds fopkjksa dkA

gka] eSa ;Fkkor dk xzkgd cuuk pkgrk gwa

uhps viuh ilan ds vkWQj ij fu’kku yxk,a vkSj xzkgdh QkeZ Hkj dj bl irs ij Hkstas % ;Fkkor] izoklh Hkou] 50 nhun;ky mik/;k; ekxZ] ubZ fnYyh 110002-

fVd djsa vof/k 3 o"kZ 2 o"kZ 1 o"kZ

dqy vad doj ewY; vkidks nsuk gS cpr ` 72 `1440 `935 505 48 `960 `670 290 24 `480 `360 120

1] 2 ;k 3 o"kksZa ds fy, ;Fkkor ds xzkgd cusaA NwV dk vkWQj ikus ds fy, tYn vkWMZj djsaA

psd@MhMh ls Hkqxrku eSa ;Fkkor ds i{k esa Hkst jgk gwa ----------------------------------fnukad------------------------vkgfjr cSd a ¼cSd a dk uke½ ------------------------------------- psd@MhMh ua- ---------------------------¼ fnYyh ls ckgj ds psd ds fy, 50 #i, vfrfjDr nsAa uke%-------------------------------------------------------------------------------irk%----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------'kgj%-------------------------fiu%--------------------------------Qksu ua-%-----------------------------------------------------------eksckby Qksu%--------------------------------------------------bZ&esy%------------------------------------------------------uksV% psd@Mªk¶V 'YATHAVAT' ds uke ls ubZ fnYyh esa ns; gksuk pkfg,A cSd a dk uke&LVsV cSd a vkWQ bafM;k] cSd a vdkmaV ua-& 33175555404, IFSC dksM gS&SBIN0001709 A if=dk psd dk Hkqxrku izkIr gksus ds 30 fnu ckn lk/kkj.k Mkd }kjk Hksth tk,xhA jftLVMZ ;k dksfj;j }kjk if=dk izkIr djus ds fy, lnL;rk 'kqYd ds lkFk `250 izfro"kZ tksMd + j HkstAas

ewY; dsoy 20` xzkgd cuus ds vU; fodYi

bZey s ds }kjk

Qksu ds }kjk

eksckby ds }kjk

info.yathavat@gmail.com

011 23216487 011 23236677

+919555822274 +919905052960


iqLrd leh{kk

I;kj ds fj'rs dh lh[k nsrh iqLrd jkËkk HkV~V dh iqLrd ^ekuk % fgeky; dh csVh* ioZrh; laLd`fr ds lkFk vkËkqfudrk ds Li'kZ dh izsjd izse dgkuh gSA

jktdqekj ikloku iqLrd& ekuk % fgeky; dh csVh ys[kd& jkËkk HkV~V izdk'kd& lkfgR; izdk'ku] fnYyh&96 ewY;& 295 #i, ek=

ifjorZu lalkj dk fu;e gSA ioZrh;

laLd`fr esa Hkh vkt rsth ls ifjorZu gks jgk gSA eSnkuh vkSj rVorhZ laLd`fr us ioZrh; laLd`fr ij vfeV Nki NksMh+ gSA ysf[kdk jkËkk HkV~V us cgqr gh lân;rk ls ioZrh; lekt vkSj mlds uSlfxZd lkSna ;Z dks bl iqLrd esa fpf=r fd;k gSA ^^os ,slk djrh gS]a eka! vc gekjs igkM+ esa Hkh vkSjrsa n¶rjks]a Ldwyks]a vLirkyksa lc txgkas esa dke djus yxh gSAa ,slh vkSjrsa Hkh gSa tks ljdkjsa pykrh gSAa ** firk th us FkksMh+ ukjktxh trkrs gq, dgk ^^vxj yM+fd;ksa dks ?kj ij gh jguk gS rks Hkh os i<+uk&fy[kuk lh[k ldrh gSAa gekjs ifjokj esa Hkh rks dksbZ gksuk pkfg, tks Bhd ls i<+&fy[k ldsA i<+us dk ;g eryc rks ugha gS fd yM+dh ?kj o [ksrh ds nwljs dke ugha lh[ksA ik:yh dh eka us viuh 'kknh ds igys 3&4 lky Ldwy esa tkdj dqN i<+k Fkk ij og rks gekjs ?kj esa vkdj dke ds cks> ds uhps lc Hkwy xbZA eSa rks dgrk gwa fd ik:yh] dey vkSj mudh eka rhuksa dks gh iM+kl s ds xkao esa py jgh jkf= ikB'kkyk esa tkdj i<+u& s fy[kus dk vH;kl c<+kuk pkfg,A vkt dne&dne ij i<+us vkSj fy[kus dh t:jr gksrh gSA igys rks gekjk ;g {ks= gh bl ftys dk bruk fiNM+k {ks= gSa ml ij gekjk xkao rks vkSj Hkh taxy ds fdukjs vkSj eksVj lM+d ls ehyksa nwj gSAa vU;Fkk vPNs xkaoksa ds Ldwyksa esa i<+us okyh yM+fd;ksa dh la[;k yM+dksa ds cjkcj

gh gksrh gSA** ¼i`"B la[;k 20 ½ f'k{kk ds egRo ls ioZrh; lekt ifjfpr gks x;k gSA ioZrh; lekt esa vkt efgyk lk{kjrk dk izfr'kr rsth ls c<+ jgk gSA foosP; iqLrd dh ukf;dk ekuk 'kkjhfjd ifjiDork ls tc lkeuk djrh gS rks mls ekfld ËkeZ esa jtLoyk gksuk >a>V yxrk gSA ^^ugha ekuk] L=h dk 'kjhj cgqr egRoiw.kZ gSA ;g rks lekt us ,sls jhfr&fjokt cuk, gSa ftlls L=h ds gj dke ghu ekus x, gSAa ** nhnh us 'kkafr ls le>krs gq, dgk] ^^ns[kks] blh rjg bl mez esa yM+dksa ds 'kjhj esa Hkh ifjorZu vkrs gSAa mudh ewN a s o nk<+h c<+us yxrh gS] ij mls rks dksbZ v'kq) ;k fNikus tSlh pht ugha ekursA ekfld dks rks 'kjhj dk ËkeZ dgk x;k gSA eSa rqEgkjh d{kk esa LokLF; dk fo"k; i<+kus vkÅaxh u] rc ;g D;k gS vkSj D;ksa gksrk gS vkSj bl le; esa D;k lkoËkkuh j[kuh pkfg, vkfn lc crkÅaxhA vHkh rqe vkjke djks vkSj dksbZ fdrkc ys yks vkSj mls i<+kAs ^^ ¼i`"B la[;k 107½ thou lkFkh dk p;u tfVy vkSj pqukSrhiw.kZ leL;k gSA izes fookg esa ekuoh; i{k n`f"Vxkspj gksrk gSA ijaijkxr fookg dks ,d O;kikj ds :i esa lekt blfy, Lohdkj ugha djrk gS D;ksfa d mls I;kj dk fj'rk vPNk ugha yxrkA ;FkkFkZ esa ijaijkxr fookg ,d fo'kq) O;kikj gh gSA ^^vtuch us firk th ls dgk] ^^esjs ikl 2 ,dM+ tehu gS ftl ij eSa Ëkku vkSj xsgaw mxkrk gwAa eSua s

dqN vkSj tehu Hkh [kjhnh gS ftl ij eSua s vkMw] [kqckuh vkSj larjs ds isM+ yxk, gSAa gekjs ikl 3 xk;sa 2 HkSl a ]s 2 cSy vkSj dqN cdfj;ka gSAa ---- esjs lcls cM+s csVs dh 'kknh gks pqdh gSA --- vc eSa vius NksVs csVs dh Hkh 'kknh djuk pkgrk gwAa eq>s vPNh dke djus okyh cgw pkfg,A gesa fdlh us crk;k fd vkidh yM+dh dkQh dq'ky gS] blfy, eSa vkids ikl vk;k gwAa D;k ;g fj'rk gks ldrk gS\** ¼i`"B la[;k 23½ ijaijkxr fookg vkSj izes fookg dh viuh&viuh fo'ks"krk,a vkSj [kkfe;ka gSAa jksVh vkSj jkstxkj ds ekeys esa rks ehfMy eSu Bhd gS ijarq I;kj vkSj 'kknh ds ekeys esa ;g vekuoh;] vO;ogkfjd vkSj xyr gSA ^^nwljh lqcg tc lw;Z dh izFke fdj.kk f='kwy dh fgeeafMr pksVh dks vk'khZokn nsus yxh rHkh ekuk us Hkh nhnh vkSj firkth ds pj.kksa esa >qddj mudk vk'khZokn fy;k vkSj ,d >Vds ls ihB esa fiV~Bw mBkdj og viuh lkfFku ds lkFk py nhA vius thou dh fpj&izrhf{kr jkg ijA ^t; txr* vU; lkfFk;ksa us leosr Loj esa dgkA ekuk us gkFk Åapk djds vUrj dh xgjkb;ksa ls nqgjk;k&^t; txr*A**¼i`"B la[;k 160½ lekt esa ;fn ^^balku ls balku dk gks HkkbZpkjk** dk ;FkkFkZ gks tk, rks lekt esa 'kkafr dk lkezkkT; LFkkfir gks tk,xkA ys[kd dh ;g iqLrd iBuh; gSA ik=ksa dk pfj= fp=.k ijaijkxr <ax ls ¢ ;FkkFkZ ds Ëkjkry ij gqvk gSA ;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

63


crjl ¢

jkds'k dk;LFk

galh vueksy gSA dqnjr dk dksbZ ,slk

nwljk [ktkuk ugha tks yqVkus ls c<+rk gksA nwljksa ij galus ls vPNk [kqn ij galuk gS vkSj lcls vPNk fcu ckr&ckr galuk gSA ysfdu fcu ckr flQZ yk¶Vj Dyc ds vadyth yksx galrs gSAa ckdh ifCyd dks galus ds fy, dksbZ ckr pkfg, gksrh gSA dqN yksx gj ckr ij galrs gSa vkSj pan ,sls Hkh gksrs gS]a tks fdlh Hkh ckr ij ugha galrsA ;kn fnykbZ tk, rc Hkh ekuus dks rS;kj ugha gksrs fd galus yk;d dksbZ ckr gSA galh dh gj laHkkouk dks os mlh rjg [kkfjt djrs gS]a tSls dksbZ usrk vius Åij yxus okys laxhu bYtkeksa dks djrk gSA ysfdu ftUgsa galuk gksrk gS] os galh okyh ckr <w<a gh ysrs gSAa ckrksa dh D;k deh gS\ ljdkj dgrh gS] 12 #i, esa HkjisV [kkuk feyrk gSA iwjk ns'k ,d lkFk galrk gSA ftuds isV Hkjs gS]a os BBkdj galrs gSAa [kkyh isV lksus okys vkg Hkjrh gqbZ Qhdh galh galrs gSAa turk dgrh gS] pyks ljdkj dqN djs ;k uk djs yrhQs vPNs lqukrh gSA galh dk Bgkdk ,d ckj fQj yxrk gS] bu Bgkdksa esa lkjs xe] lkjh fllfd;ka nc tkrh gSAa Bgkds yxrs jgrs gSa vkSj ljdkj nkok djrh jgrh gS fd ;s Bgkds ml Qhy xqM buok;jesVa dk urhtk gS]

64

;Fkkor 16&31 ekpZ 2014

galh tks geus ikap lky esa jkr&fnu esgur djds cuk;k gSA bl ij foi{k galrk gSA yksV&iksV gksrs foi{k ds usrk dgrs gS& a Qhy xqM rks gekjk ukjk Fkk] vki ukjs Hkh pqjkus yxsA vlyh QhM gekjs 'kkludky esa FkkA bl ij turk nksckjk galrh gS vkSj turk dks galrk ns[kdj ljdkj galrh gSA yk¶Vj psu dgka ls 'kq: gqvk irk gh ugha pyrk] ysfdu yxrk gS fd lkjk ns'k gal jgk gS] rks QhyxqM t:j gksxkA dkgs dk Qhy xqM] fdldk QhyxqM ;s tkap dk fo"k; gSA tkap gkbZdksVZ ;k lqçhe dksVZ ds fdlh flfVax tt ls djokbZ tk, rks csgrj gS] D;ksfa d ,d U;k;ikfydk gh gS] ftldh fo'oluh;rk cph gqbZ gSA ;g lqudj dHkh uk galus okys lqçhe dksVZ ds ,d bZekunkj fjVk;MZ tt lkgc dks galh dk bl dnj nkSjk iM+rk gS] tSls fdlh us yk¶Vj dk batDs 'ku yxk fn;k gksA ,d cM+k Vhoh pSuy fpYyk&fpYyk dj dgrk gS fd ljdkj ehfM;k ij udsy dlus dh rS;kjh es gSa vkSj bldk fojks/k fd;k tkuk pkfg,] D;ksfa d ehfM;k gS] rHkh yksdra= gSA ehfM;k viuk dke lcls T;knk ftEesnkjh ls djrk gSA Bgkdksa dk nkSj fQj ls 'kq: gks tkrk gSA turk yk¶Vj 'kkst NksMd + j U;wt pSuy ns[kus yxrh gSA galh gS fd Fkeus dk

uke gh ugha ys jghA cM+k pSuy [kcj fn[kk jgk gSA nqfu;k [kRe gks tk,xh] çy; cl vkus okyk] turk iwN jgh] vHkh vk,xk] ;k bl 'kks ds fjihV VsyhdkLV ds ckn vk,xk\ vxyk U;wt 'kks vkrk gS vkSj crkrk gS fd ,fy;u ;kuh nwljs xzgksa ds yksx vkus okys gSa vkSj vkids eos'kh mBkdj ys tkus okys gSAa turk cgqr eqf'dy ls galh jksdrh gSA U;wt cqyfs Vu cnyrk gS] ubZ [kcj ;s gS fd ,d losZ ds eqrkfcd 2030 rd Hkkjr nqfu;k dh lcls cM+h vFkZO;oLFkk cu tk,xkA n'kZd galrs&glars dqflZ;ksa ls fxj jgs gSa vkSj dg jgs gS]a [kcj euksjt a d gS] ysfdu ,fy;u okyk 'kks T;knk vPNk FkkA d'ehj ls dU;kdqekjh rd iwjk Hkkjr gal jgk gS] ysfdu ,d Hkh galh cseryc ugha gSA [kq'kh ds vkalw dh rjg xe dh galh Hkh gksrh gS] fganLq rkuh ;s lkfcr djus ij rqys gq, gSAa dqN le> esa uk vk, rks Bgkds yxkvks] gj fQØ dks galh esa mM+kvksA turk dh galh viuh txg gSA mls bl ckr ls eryc gS fd galh vk, rks Vs'a ku ?kVsA ysfdu dbZ txgksa ij galh Vs'a ku nsus ds fy, gksrh gSA turk dh xfy;ksa ls fudydj rkdroj yksxksa dh nqfu;k esa vkb,] galh ds lqj cny tk,ax-s --- jktuhfr ds xfy;kjs esa flQZ gs& a gs-a --gs-a -- lqukbZ nsxk vkSj lÙkk dh vêkfydkvksa esa gk-- gk--gkA rkdr fn[kkus dh galh] pkiywlh Hkjh galhA lkft'kh galh] HkksM a h galh] uhpk fn[kkus dh galh] efgek trkus dh galh] Mjkus dh galh vkSj nq'eu dks #ykus dh galhA rat] foæwi] dq:irk vkSj HkksM a is u ds chp fueZy galh dgka lquus dks feyrh gS\ f'k'kq ds iksiys eqga esa ,d Hkh nkar ugha gSAa fQj Hkh f[kyf[kyk dj galrk gSA bl fu'py fufoZdkj galh esa lkjs tgka dh [kqf'k;ka fleV vkrh gSA ,d ç;kstujfgr fu"dyad galh] jkx&}s"k jfgr fueZy fdydkjh ;s crkrh gS fd fcu ckr galus ls T;knk vPNk bl lalkj esa dksbZ vkSj dke ugha gSA ysfdu dydy djrh ;s fueZy galh oDr ds lkFk mlh rjg xqe gks tkrh gS] ftl rjg igkM+ ls mrjus okyh dksbZ unh 'kgj esa vkdj xqe gksrh gSAa ¢


;Fkkor if=dk vkids fudVre LVkWy ij miyC/k gSA viuh izfr vkt gh lqjf{kr djsaA Bihar

Mishra Pustak Bhandar, Arariya,(8969838217) Form Centre,Arah (9304438916),

g

(9897322746), Jain News Agency, Shahjahanpur, (9335521401), Singh & Brothers, Varanasi,

Prakash Book Depot,Aurangabad,(9204714350) Sonu Book Stall,Banka,(9931263610), Jyoti

(9918302133), Vimal Prem Book Center, Faizabad, (9415047959), Delhi

Kumar Dutta,Barauni,(9431211440), Vikash Magazine Centre,Betiah,(9431401422), P K Book

(9873372004), East Delhi

Stall,Bhagalpur, (9708754861), Mahendra book Stall,Bihar Sarif,(9304584423), sarvodaya Book

K D Pandey Book Stall, Nirman Vihar Matro Station, (9553551547), Chaudhary Book Stall,

Stall, Buxor, (9973014747), Ankit Magazine Centre,Motihari, (9542723057), Mohan News

Manglam Hospital, (9015153517), Anand Book Stall, Mayur Vihar Phase 1, (9868082201), Bittu,

Agency, Chapra,9334024390, Aggrawal news Agency,Darbhanga,9334867061, Hariom Pustak

Mayur Vihar Phase 1, (718138633), Negi Book Stall, Mother Dairy Main Gate, (9910262952),

Sadan, Farbisganj,(9709381639), Pramod Kumar Yadav, Gaya,7277863610, 9931830821), Ravi

Vipin Book Stall, Samachar Appartment, (9910404457), Pradeep Book Stall, Samachar

Book Depot, Gaya, (9905655045), Frainds Book Center, Gopalganj, (9471038848), Bhawani

Appartment, (9990483312), Akhtar Bok Stall, Samachar Appartment, (9958484901), Rajesh

Magazine Centre,Hajipur, (9905353999), Sunil News Agency, Jahanabad,(8757593299), Durga

Mishra, Anand Vihar Matro Station, (8506901671), J. P. Book Stall, VasundhraGhaziavad,

Pustak Bhandar, Jamui, (9852537278), Pandey book Stall, Kaimoor, (9939014231), New

(9971383681), Manoj Kumar Singh, Mayur Vihar Phase I, (9999480675), Devi Pd Pandey,

Magazine Center, Katihar, (9431634795), Koshi Book Centre,Khagaria, (9430068787), Bharti

Mayur Vihar Phase I, (9717673907), Budhaniya book Stall, Laxminagar, (011 22051538), Aparna

Pustak sadan, Kishanganj, (9831423111), Soni news Agency, Lakhisarai, (9831884636),

Bhandar, Golcha Cinema Daryaganj, (011 23271006), Central Delhi

Saraswati Pustak Mandir, Madhepura, (9472494599), Pawan Book Depot, Madhubani,

Shankar Market, Pawan Shukla ,ITO Chowk, (9911387624), Bharat Book Point, Rajendranagar

(9431443227),

Anand

News

Agency,

Munger,(9472975553),

J.L.Sons, Delhi,

g

Ram Gopal Sharma,

Stall,

Market, Jiledar, Rajendranagar Market, (9971688504), Dilip Book Stall, East Patel Nagar, (9953950020), Sachdeva Book Stall, Patel Nagar Matro Station, Mehta Bandhu Book Shop,Mehta

center, Purnia, (9006717044), Eastern News Agency, Patna, (9334115121), Agni Pustak Bhandar,

Bandhu Book Shop M, Block outer Circle Cp, Farukh Book Stall, F, Block Inner Circle Cp, Azad

Saharsa, (9472040324), Milan Book Depot, Samastipur, (8084994995), Raj Magazine Centre,

Book Stall,D Block Inner Circle Cp, (999554866), Mahabir Book Stall B ,Block inner Circle Cp,

Sasaram, (9199064373), Sunil Pandey, Siwan, (9939929982), Mishra Pustak Bhandar, Tarwara

(9818290834), Santosh Mishra Book Stall, H T House K G Marg, (9810539112), Ram NihaL

Siwan, (9771886363), Apni Pustkalya, supaul, (8051616604) Gujrat

Ravi Book Centre,

Book Stall, Amirican Center K G Marg, Naveen Book Stall, Krishi Bhawan, Shamim Book Stall,

g J.M.D. Book House, Shimla (9816187435),

Pandit Pant Marg, (9650229661), Anil, ITO Chowk, Ved Book Stall, Delhi Gate, Gupta News

Chhatishgarh

g

g

Book

g

Pappu Book Stall, Balko Appartment Madhu Vihar, (9979312816),

Muzaffarpur,(9204340094), Baba Magazine center, Nawadah, (9304259013), chaurasia book

Ahmedabad, (9825628116), Himanchal Pradesh

Annu

g

Mukund Parikh News Agency, Raipur, (9827145302), Jammu Kashmir

Sahatiya Sangam, Jammu, (9419124434), Nepal (009841150774), Punjab

g

g

Agency, Karolbagh Ajmal Khan Mkt, S P & Sons, Rajendranagar Market, Bhatiya News Center,

Jagran Book House, Kathmandu,

West Patelnagar Market, (9910210434), Ramesh Book Stall, Rajendra Place Matro Station,

J.K. News Agency, Punjab, Patiala, (9878821884), Haryana

g

Sarashwati Book, Gol Market, Giriraj book Stall, Shivaji Stedium, (8527332613), Baleshwar Rai,

Sharma News Agency, Bhiwani, ( 9416070031), Kakkar News Agency, Hissar, (0166-2230149),

Parliyament Street Ald Bank, Ram Bilash, Parliyament Street Ald Bank, Mishra News Agency,

Shyam Novel Store, Rohtak, (9812375890), Sethi Book Stall, Sonipat, Sachdewa News Agency,

ITO Chowk, (9910296264), Lallan Book Stall, ITO Chowk, (9540865273), Govind, Paharganj

Yamuna Nagar, (9896077026), Jharkhand

Shri Naraian Magazine Center, Bikaro Steel City,

Chunamandi, Imperial Cinema, Ram, Nai Delhi Railway Station, Below Bridge Paharganj,

(9304963827), Surendra Prasad Singh, Bokaro, Uma Pustak Bhandar, Daltenganj, (8235160332),

Pandey News Center, Gol Market, (9871990399), Lalta Prasad, Nai Sadak, (9350052109),

Good Books, Daltenganj, (9431386387), Ravindra Prasad Aggarwal magazine center, Daltenganj,

Harnath Pandey, B M D Chowk, (9250175980), Munna, B.M.D. Chock, Raushanlal & Sons,

(9386264665), Career Book Center, Deoghar, (8935860211), Bhatia news Agency, Dhanbad,

Bangali Market, (9811220234), Goel News Center, Paharganj Tel Mandi, (9250847937), Sanjeev

(938616399), Dey Light Book Center, Ghadwa, (9334862062), Diamond Book Agency, Giridih,

Treders, Gol Market, (011 23347636), South Delhi

(9835356844), Krishna Book Depot, Godda, Sunil Book & Photostate, Godda, (9431311778),

Aadarsh Book Shop, Khanna Market Lodhi Road, Shyam Book Shop, Meharchand Market Lodhi

Lohani Book Depot, Gumla, (9430754187), Sagar Book Depot, Hajaribag, (9835165342), Prasad

Road, Upender Book Stall, New Friends Colony, (7338807710), News Magazine,J Block

magazineCenter, Jamsedpur, ( 9431526273), Railway Book Stall, Jamtara, (9334302244),

Saket,(9891172106), Mishra Book Stall,Jia Sarai, Ajit Book Shop, Malviya Nagar, gurunanak

Vidharthi Pustak Bhandar, Lohardagga, (9470142032), Shishu Gyan Kendra, Ramgarh cant,

Market, Neha Book Stall, Green Park, Ridham & Blue Music Shop, Green Park, Mid Land Book

(9835336605), Gyan Bharti, Ranchi, (9835196111), Madhya Pradesh

Satendra Kumar

Shop, Aurobindo Place, Kiran News Center, INA Market, Singh News Agency, Defence Colony,

Rathor, Anuppur, (9425427445), Life Book house, Bhopal, (9826313349), Parekh News Agency,

9971180678, Raunak aBook Stall, New Friends Colony, Banwari Book Stall, Nehru Place,

Gwalior, (9977877934), Sardar Trilochan Singh, Indore, Shankar Comptetion Book House,

Luckey Book Stall, G K II, Satish Book Stall, G K I, Bharat Book Depot, Ber Sarai Market, A K

Rewa, (9893731035), Jyoti Traders, Sidhi, (9425439098), Sahu News Agency, Jabalpur,

News Agency, PVR Saket, (9871930407), Satrashwati, Katwaria Sarai, Shiv Book Shop, Malviya

Rajasthan

Nagar, 9811054445, Raju Book Stall, Hauzkhas, mkt, Durga Book Stall, Green Park, Sharma

g

(9214497900),

g

g

g

Geeta Pustak Bhandar, Ajmer , (9001390857) Sharma Book & Stationary, Alwar, Asha

Ramkhatri, Bikaner, (9414339201), R.K.Goyal &

Co., Chirawa,

g

Munna Book Stall, Sunder Nagar Market,

book Stall, Green Park, Vandana Book Stalll, Aurobindo Place, Rajendra Book Stall, Malcha

(9887971424), K.M. News Agency, Chittorgarh, Jitendera Book Store, Gangpur City,

marg, Shambhu Book Stall, Chitranjan Park, West Delhi

(9828565850), Navratan Book Seller, Jaipur, (9829373912), Sarvodaya Book Stall, Jodhpur,

Vikaspuri, Shakti News Agency, H Block Vikaspuri, Jolly, Tilak Nagar MKT, Puri, Tilak Nagar

(8107589141), Oswal News Agency, Kota, (9352603367), Vishakarma Razgar Centre, Sikar,

MKT, (8300240246), Mahesh, Janakpuri C, 1 Block Mkt, Prakash Stationars, Delhi Sadar, Cantt

(9460168726), Anil Novel Store, Sri Ganga Nagar , O.P.Book Stall, Udaipur (5122780, 2486417)

Book Depot, Delhi Sadar, Imperial ,Delhi Cantt, Maniram, Delhi Cantt, (9958167282), North

Uttrakhand

Delhi

g

Aditya News Agency, Dehradun, 9412349259, C.L. Gupta, Haridwar,

(9897237811), Gupta News Distributors, Rishikesh, Uttar Pradesh

g

g

Arora News Agency, H Block

Kiran Magazine Center, Kamlanagar, (9313192954), Sugreev Magazine, Kamlanagar

Modern News Agency,

Chowk, (9210810512), Shreya Magazine, Vijay Nagar Near Gurudwara, (9810632447), Praveen

Agra, Aggarwal News Agency, Aligarh, (9897534137), The Magazine House, Allahabad,

Magazine, Kingsew Camp, Amar Magazine, Kingsew Camp, (9818344083), Praveen, GTV

(9335070588), Pustak Center, Azamgarg, (9838180319), Roadways Book Stall, Barelly,

Matro Station, (9999297307), Shivshakti, Mukharjeenagar, (9810494005), Soni News Center,

(9837238640), Gupta News paper & mag Distri, Gaziabad, (9212490602), Prasad magazineCenter,

Mukharjeenagar, (9015551256), Stusent Cafee, Mukharjeenagar, Modern Stationary,

Gorakhpur, 9838883666, Jaiswal Competition Book Center, Hardoi, (9415414569), Paras Book

Mukharjeenagar, (011 27650737), Nav Shakti pustak Bhandar, Mukharjeenagar, (011 27650144),

Stall, Itawah, A.K.Pathak, Jaunpur, (9839272092), Dewan News Agency, Jhansi, (9415073363),

R P Magazine Center, Model Town phase II, (9891784066), Satish, Ashok Vihar, Gupta News

Alka News Agency, Kanpur, (9935518667), Subhash Pustak Bhandar, Lucknow, (9839022871),

Agency, Shalimar Bagh, Vishwanath, Madhuban Chowk, (9555141323), Lalbabu

Rakesh Sharma, Mathura, (9997690364), Chawla Book Depot, Meerut, (9837291137), A to Z

Chowk, (9818527380), Ashok Book Stall, Rohini Sect. 7, Rajeevgandhi Cancer Hospital,

Competion Book House, Moradabad, (9927372550), Malhotra Book Depot, Saharanpur,

(9555142944).

g

g

Madhuban

uksV% ;fn vkidks vius {ks= esa ;Fkkor if=dk ugha fey jgh gks] rks テ選k;k bl uacj ij laidZ djsaA & 9555822274] 23216487


Posted at Lodi Road HO, New Delhi on 17-18 Mar. 2014, Published on : 1 & 16 Every Month.

RNI NO- DELHIN/2013/52461. REG. NO- DL(S)-17/3446/2013-15

We give you peace of mind.

MAXIMUM SECURITY THE MOST EFFECTIVE, LOYAL, DEPENDABLE AND INEXPENSIVE SECURITY FOR YOUR BUSINESS OR HOME NO TRESPASSING!

SIS (India) Guard Dog Team - the best in India. Only Rottweilers are bred in our World Class Kennel at Central Dog Management Centre (CDMC), Dehradun since 1974 under experts with Army Dog Unit Experience.

WE ALSO PROVIDE

CDMC is registered with KCI and Animal Welfare Board of India.

Hostel facility for outsider dogs

All our Dogs are vaccinated and protected from disease.

Breeding and whelping facility

We provide KCI Class I Registered Rottweilers - the best variety of Guard Dogs.

Training (basic toilet training, behavioural training, obedience training and other specialized training)

Pups on Sale

Our Dog Handlers are trained twice - First as Security Guards (As per PSAR Act 2005) and then as Dog Handlers. Dog and Dog Handlers are trained together. Security Guard Team (Dog + Handler) is the most effective solution to guard your premises and offers the best deterrent. All your concerns about theft or trespass at a construction site, warehouse, industry or a residential estate are effectively taken care by a Dog Unit Patrol which will give you the peace of mind that you are looking for.

Central Dog Management Centre (CDMC) Capt. Vidyanand “Mrityunjaydham” P.O. Rajawala, Chakrata Road, Via Premnagar, Dehradun : 248007, Uttarakhand Tel.: +91 9358299617

16-31-mar-2014  
Advertisement