Â© Can Stock Photo / art9858
The Iguaçu Falls National Park was created in 1939 consisting of 185,262 hectares of preserved area. It is one of the most representative Conservation Units of the Atlantic Rainforest Biome in the southern region of Brazil. Today the park is an island of vegetation amid the deforestation that occurred in the state, accounting for around 80% of what remains of the original forests of Paraná. Two forest types are found in the Iguaçu Falls National Park, the Semidecidual Seasonal Forest and the Mixed Ombrófia Forest.
The national park houses a rich biodiversity, with several specimens of Brazilian fauna and flora, including endangered species such as the jaguar, cougar (Puma concolor), yellowbellied alligator (Caiman latirostris), peroba-rosa (Aspidosperma polyneuron), Paraná pine (Araucaria angustifolia), and many other species of inestimable value for Brazilian natural heritage.
Foto: Pete Wongkongkathep
The Iguaçu Falls National Park was declared a UNESCO World Natural Heritage Site in 1986. Separated only by the Iguaçu River is the National Park Iguazú, in Argentina. The two parks represent around 600,000 hectares of protected area and over 400,000 hectares of native forests, one of the most important biological continuum in the south of Southern America. This great natural heritage is one of the main tourist destinations in Brazil, with around 1,800,000 visitors per year.
The Semideciduous Seasonal Forest occupies most of the park, and is characterized by having up to 25% of tree species shed their leaves in winter.
The Mixed Ombrophilous (raintolerant) Forest occupies a small portion in the highest parts of the Park and is characterized by the presence of the critically endangered Paranรก pine (Araucaria angustifolia).
Ten municipalities are directly linked to the Iguaçu Falls National Park. Santa Tereza do Oeste
Céu Azul São Miguel do Iguaçu Foz do Iguaçu
Santa Teresinha de Itaipu
Matelândia Serranópolis do Iguaçu
Lindoeste Capitão Leônidas Marques
An island of forest in the middle of regionwide deforestation.
DEFORESTATION IN THE PARANĂ STATE
The jaguar (Panthera onca) is the largest feline of the Americas, and the third largest in the world. It is considered by IUCN as Nearly Threatened and in Brazil is listed as Vulnerable. The species has already lost around 50% of its original range (Sanderson et al., 2002), and is currently found in northern Mexico, northwest of South America, eastern Peru and Bolivia (eastern Andes), throughout Paraguay and Brazil and northern Argentina. (Desbiez et al., 2013),
In Brazil the jaguar is listed as Vulnerable, but its conservation status varies in each biome. In the Atlantic Rainforest the species is Critically Endangered. It is estimated that a population reduction of at least 50%, probably closer to 87-90%, have occurred in the last 10-15 years in the largest population of jaguars in the Upper Paranรก region.
The conservation status of the jaguar in the Atlantic Rainforest is severe, with only an estimated 20% of remnants forests being suitable for their survival (Ferraz et al., 2012). There are less than 300 jaguars left in the Biome, and few subpopulations have more than 50 individuals, which is considered the minimum viable number of a population. The Iguaรงu region, fortunately houses a sub-population with more than 50 individuals, considering the jaguars of both the Iguaรงu Falls National Park and the Iguazu National Park (Argentina). Considering both national parks, and the Turvo region, there are around 100 jaguars total, equating to one-third of all the Atlantic Rainforest jaguars.
Efforts to protect the jaguar population of the Iguaรงu region began in 1990 with the researcher Peter Crawshaw Jr., who created the Carnivores of Iguassu Project. For nearly a decade, he and his team monitored some species of Atlantic Rainforest carnivores, producing unprecedented biological and ecological information about them, especially the jaguar, one of the main targets of the original study, along with the ocelot. In addition to a small population, the study also found that in a period of just three years, 10 jaguars were killed by hunters and cattle breeders in the vicinity of the Park.
Between 1995-97, another 30 adult jaguars were killed around the Park under similar circumstances, generating a rather pessimistic expectation regarding the viability of the local population. Even with the efforts of the Park's protection team, the population of jaguars suffered a drastic reduction in the following years, attributed in part to the hunting pressure by the neighboring populations on these predators and their prey, but also to possible demographic factors common to small populations. Such reduction generated a growing concern about the situation of the species.
From xxxx to xxx due to lack of resources, the project interrupted its activities. In 2009, the work of the Project could be resumed thanks to the availability of funds from the renewal of the concession contract of the Hotel Belmond Cataratas. The project was then resumed, lead by the biologist Marina Xavier da Silva and her team, and included the involvement of new partners. In 2010 an agreement was signed for international cooperation with Proyecto YaguaretĂŠ, a project based in Argentina that works with jaguar conservation, to join efforts for research and conservation, with the aim of drawing a joint picture of the situation of the species in the Atlantic Rainforest continuum shared by both countries.
In February 2018, the Project Carnivores of Iguaรงu was reformulated, had its name changed to Project Jaguars of Iguaรงu, received a new team and had its scope expanded. The Project Jaguars of Iguaรงu is an institutional project of the Iguaรงu Falls National Park.
Conservation of the jaguar, as a key species for the maintenance of biodiversity in the region of the Iguaรงu Falls National Park.
General Coordinator Ivan Baptiston Executive Coordinator Yara Barros Carlos Brocardo – Head of Research Thiago Reginato – Head of Engagement Adaildo Lucena – Research Assistent Aline Kotz – Research and Engagement Assistant Institutional Partners CENAP/ICMBio Instituto Pró-Carnívoros Proyecto Yaguareté ESALQ/Lemac Chester Zoo/WILDCRU Colaborators Kátia Ferraz Sílvio Marchini Rogério Cunha Ronaldo Morato Ricardo Boulhosa Peter Crawshaw Jr Carlos de Angelo Agustin Paviolo Gediendson R. de Araújo
Foto: Michael Fairchild
One of the research lines of the Project is the monitoring of the jaguar population in the Iguaçu National Park. Biannual censuses are conducted together with Proyecto Yguareté, from Argentina; this way the parks in both countries are sampled simultaneously. From 2009 to 2016, the estimated population of jaguars at PARNA (National Park) Iguaçu increased from 12 to 22 animals.
In addition to the biannual censuses, camera traps are also used in PARNA Iguaçu full time, which allows the monitoring of the activity of the jaguars and the monitoring of other species of mammals.
The study of the jaguar diet is done through the analysis of predator faecal samples collected during field activities. The identification of the predator species is done by the signs left at the faeces deposition site (footprints and scratches), and checked by trichology or genetic analyzes if necessary. Isotopic analyzes will be used to compliment the faecal analyzes. In order to obtain a standard isotope signature, both from predators and prey species, samples of hair, feathers, scales and other tissues obtained will be involved in the isotopic analysis.
In May 2018 the Project Jaguars of Iguaรงu captured a 5-year-old male that had never been captured before. Blood tests were done, and semen and other biological material were collected. This male, named "Croissant", received a collar that allows us, through satellite location, to understand its movements, home range and activity.
This monitoring helps us to define strategies for the protection not only of Croissant, but of the entire population of jaguars in the region. These capture and collaring campaigns are set to continue, and are done in partnership with the National Center for Research and Conservation of Carnivorous Mammals (CENAP / ICMBio).
The Project Jaguars of Iguaรงu is now part of the project "Conservation of endangered mammals in the Serra do Mar Biodiversity Corridor: integrating ecology, human dimensions and planning", in partnership with LEMaC / ESALQ. This project aims to make an assessment of the mammal community throughout the Atlantic Rainforest. We will now add our data to this effort, and hope that our results will help in accurately understanding the current ecological state of these mammals in the Atlantic Rainforest, which include the jaguar prey. This project will generate date that will be used to elaborate jaguar conservation measures for the Biome and specially for the PARNA Iguaรงu.
Foto: Projeto Onรงas do Iguaรงu
The Project Jaguars of Iguaรงu works with the community around the PARNA Iguaรงu. Through constant visits, transmission of knowledge, recognition and appreciation of the local inhabitants, we seek to establish a bond of trust that allows us to engage the neighboring villagers and give them a sense of belonging, transforming them into actors of the conservation actions of the jaguar in the region.
The JAGUAR CHAT programmes are conversations with communities, usually adults, about jaguars, protection and good practices in managing livestock to prevent predation.
The JAGUAR AT SCHOOL programmes are activities developed in schools of the neighboring municipalities, with theater, lectures and exhibitions. Knowledge and enchantment are used to generate connection. The JAGUAR BIKING events will be cycling tours that end with exhibition and conversation about jaguars and the National Park. The plan is to hold these events in all the neighboring municipalities. This is a strategy to engage the large cyclist community of the entire region with the jaguar conservation.
To engage local communities and broaden our reach, we are identifying and empowering community leaders in neighboring municipalities. These leaders are identified during the activities we have been developing, and undergo a two-day training course at PARNA IguaĂ§u with the Projectâ€™s team.
This way, they become focal points of the Project in their municipalities and communities, which helps to increase the Project's link with the neighboring villagers.
One of the main focuses of the Project Jaguars of Iguaçu is to work with local communities, to evaluate the public perception concerning the jaguars. From this experience, we seek to evaluate the scenario, create and strengthen bonds and, together with the communities, build strategies that promote the coexistence between people and jaguars.
With financial support from WWF, we are conducting interviews and conversations to assess people’s perception, and this close contact also results in a greater integration with the project’s team. We have had a good receptivity and we believe that this intimacy of the project with the population surrounding the PARNA Iguaçu is enabling them to have a new view about the importance of jaguars. The coexistence between people and jaguars is one of our greatest challenges, and also a very rich opportunity to exchange knowledge.
Foto: Projeto Onças do Iguaçu
The Project Jaguars of Iguaçu has joined the People & Wildlife Coexistence Project, coordinated by Dr. Sílvio Machini (Chester Zoo and ESALQ), which will explore ways to improve the analysis and management of conflicts between humans and wildlife, in order to support and advise strategies to transform the conflict into coexistence. The objective is to develop a unified model or framework for assessing the conflict between humans and wildlife, incorporating natural and human dimensions, decisionmaking processes and different scales.
We have a protocol for dealing with big cat predation of livestock, which provides a quick response to prevent jaguars from being killed in retaliation. In cases of predation, the property is visited as soon as possible, the predator is identified and we work with the owner to implement immediate and long-term measures to prevent future attacks.
We provide guidance on proper management of livestock to avoid predation (for example, through using electric fences), we seek partners to help implement these strategies into practice. If possible, we try to compensate for losses not through reimbursement but through alternative income generation. We help to organize the local community work on the improvement of the security measures on the property that suffered predation.
With the sponsorship of the WWF, a Coexistence Guide was adapted specifically for the region of Iguaรงu, with information about the Project, the region's felines, the importance of jaguars and their conservation, management tips to prevent predation, safety measures and planting tips. Two thousand copies have been printed and distributed to the villagers close to the PARNA Iguaรงu.
We are testing the effect of intermittent flashing LED lights on properties, which gives the impression that there are people circulating in the area, the "Turere System". The idea was for Richard Turere, a boy in Kenya, to prevent lion attacks on cattle, with a 96% reduction in night predation. We're testing here with the jaguars, and have performed a first test on a property where there was a case of predation of calves by a cougar. The Turere System was manufactured for the Project Jaguars of Iguaรงu by Jair Liberato, from Parque das Aves. He used a microwave motor that drives a device that allows 25 LED lights to light up intermittently all night.
Foto: Projeto Onรงas do Iguaรงu
The result will be evaluated and the idea is to replicate in other vulnerable locations, in a preventive way.
We help in the identification of biological material seized by ICMBio or by the Police (Environmental, Federal).
We assist in the rescue of felines hit by cars on the roads around PARNA Iguaรงu.
We provide technical and logistical support to solve problems with the presence of big cats in the urban areas of municipalities.
We keep active accounts on Facebook and Instagram, with frequent posts.
One of our communication goals is to spread the message about conservation of jaguars, not only in the form of scientific articles, but also via dissemination to the general public. In June / 18 we published an article in the site O Eco about the capture of a jaguar. Link to the article: https://bit.ly/2to0hkZ We publish a bimonthly digital newsletter, A VOZ DA ONĂ‡A (THE VOICE OF THE JAGUAR), with news about the activities developed by the Project. Links to the newsletters already published: Number 1 https://bit.ly/2yzy1lp NĂşmero 2 https://bit.ly/2tSS5dI
FRIENDS OF THE JAGUAR To facilitate the communication with the bus and vans drivers in the PARNA Iguaçu, the employees of the concessionaires who work in PARNA Iguaçu and also the residents of neighboring municipalities, we have created a WhatsApp group , the “Friends of the Jaguar”. This is helping us to receive more information and documentation about jaguar sightings inside and outside the PARNA Iguaçu. The photo that illustrates this page was sent to us by one of the van drivers that work at PARNA Iguaçu.
In March 2018, a workshop was held with researchers from Brazil and Argentina to prepare this Strategic Planning, which presents the activities to be developed over the next 5 years to achieve the necessary jaguar conservation objectives in the region.
The strategic planning of Project Jaguars of Iguaçu was based on the specific objectives set forth in the ICMBio’s National Action Plan for Big Cats: SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 1 - Maintenance of areas suitable for the survival of big cat species, in 5 years.
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 2 - Increased functional connectivity (habitat and populations) and environmental quality for felines in 5 years. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 3 - Creation and expansion of measures to reduce the number of individuals of big cats slaughtered in 5 years. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 4 - Promotion of measures of coexistence between big cats and human beings in order to reduce the negative or actual impacts on human activities in 5 years. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 5 - Promotion of good practices and measures to minimize the negative impacts of enterprises, aiming at favoring the maintenance of the species of big cats in free life, in 5 years. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 6 - Improvement of procedures for rescue, reception, maintenance, rehabilitation and destination of individuals of big cats, in 5 years.
1. Generate information that will support the conservation of viable populations of big cats in the Iguaçu National Park and surroundings (50 km). 2. Promote the coexistence of human populations and big felines in the region of the PARNA Iguaçu. 3. Promote actions to prevent loss / removal of big cats and their prey in the region of the PARNA Iguaçu.
4 - Minimize the risk for people and jaguars in the PARANA Iguaçu, in the areas of public and special use. 5 - Promote collaborative scientific and technical works to enable research and conservation of the jaguar in the region of the PARNA Iguaçu.
7 – Provide capacity building for the Project’s staff and partners directly involved in the actions of the Project Jaguars of Iguaçu, to undertake the activities detailed in the Strategic Planning. 8 - Ensure the financial viability of the Project Jaguars of Iguaçu.
© Can Stock Photo / preechasiri
6. Develop and implement a communication plan for the Project Jaguars of Iguaçu for different audiences.
Foto: Staffan Widstrand/NPL
In order to prioritize these actions, each was estimated with respect to both their POSSIBILITY of being implemented as well as IMPACT on the conservation of the species if successfully implemented. The "possibility" (P) of implementing the action varies from 1 (great possibility) to 5 (minimal possibility). The impact (I) of the action on the conservation of the species was evaluated between 1 (High) and 5 (Very low) The final score was obtained by multiplying the value assigned to the possibility by the value attributed to the impact, with the lowest scores indicating higher priority actions.
Foto: <a href='http://paperlief.com'>http://paperlief.com</a>
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 1
Generate information that supports the conservation of viable populations of big cats in the PARNA Iguaçu and surroundings (50 km)
1. Map the areas around the PARNA Iguaçu (50 km) within which big cats are found. Priority: (P 3 x I 1 = 3) Period of implementation: July/18 to Dec/22 Responsible: Carlos Brocardo Contributors: Community Leaders, Environmental Police, IAP, IBAMA, Firefighters Indicator: Sampling areas Product: Database with locations of jaguars in the region of PARNA Iguaçu 1.2. Generate / validate a potential distribution / environmental suitability model for big cats in the PARNA Iguaçu region. Priority: (P 2 x I 1 = 2) Period of execution: Submission of new records (May/18 to Oct/ 22), field validation until Dec/22 Responsible: Kátia Ferraz (generate model), Carlos Brocardo (validate model) Contributors: Proyecto Yaguareté, CENAP Indicator: New records included in the analysis Product: Model of environmental suitability updated and validated 1.3. Carry out a diagnosis of the appropriate areas for jaguars, looking at opportunities and threats, with proposals for measures necessary for the maintenance of such areas. Priority: (P 3 x I 1 = 3) Period of execution: (Jan/19 to Jan/20) Responsible: Carlos Brocardo Contributors: Proyecto Yaguareté Indicator: Number of areas assessed Product: Report with diagnosis sent to the head of PARNA Iguaçu
1.4. Monitor the fluctuations of jaguar population in the PARNA Iguaçu. (density, birth rates and mortality, etc.). Priority: (P 1 x I 1 = 1) Implementation period: 2018, 2020, 2022 Responsible: Carlos Brocardo Contributors: Proyecto Yaguareté , Peter Crawshaw, CENAP Indicator: 3 binational censuses carried out Product: Report 1.5. Monitor the abundance of mammal populations of the PARNA Iguaçu. Priority: (P 1 x I 1 = 1) Period of execution: Jan/19 to Dec/22 Responsible: Carlos Brocardo Contributors: Kátia Ferraz Indicator: Eight trapping campaigns conducted between 2019 and 2022, two annual campaigns, one at a fixed point and another at different points. Product: Report and articles submitted for publication 1.6. Study the diet of big cats, including isotopic analysis Priority: (P 1 x I 3 = 3) Period of implementation: Aug/18 to Dec/22 Responsible: Carlos Brocardo Contributors: Kátia Ferraz, Pedro Galetti, Eduardo Eizirick Indicator: Faeces collected, sorted and sent for analysis Product: Diet analysis report and article submitted for publication
1.7. Obtain information on the home range of big cats, overlapping of habitat use among species, as well as verify changes in movement and use of habitat due to anthropic activities. Capture and monitoring of the animals that go to the public visitation area. Priority: (P 2 x I 1 = 3) Period of execution: May/18 to Dec/22 Responsible: Carlos Brocardo Contributors: Rogério Cunha, CENAP, Gediendson Araújo Indicator: 100% of the animals that visit the areas of public visitation and special use captured and collared Product: Report and article submitted for publication 1.8. Evaluate the genetic stock of jaguars in the region of Iguaçu, analyzing the degree of inbreeding and gene flow in order to verify if the park houses a genetically healthy population. Priority: (P 4 x I 2 = 8) Period of execution: Jan/19 to Dec/22 Responsible: Carlos Brocardo Contributors: Pedro Galetti, Patricia Mirol, Proyecto Yaguaraté, Universities Indicator: Biological sequenced samples Product: Report article submitted for publication 1.9. Study the potential of dispersion of young jaguars in order to observe the use of areas inside and outside the PARNA Iguaçu. Priority: (P 4 x I 1 = 4) Period of execution: May/18 to Dec/22 Responsible: Carlos Brocardo Contributors: CENAP, Pró-Carnívoros, Proyecto Yaguareté Indicator: Captured and install collars on as much jaguar youngs as possible Product: Report article submitted for publication
1.10. Perform clinical-sanitary evaluation of captured jaguars (hemogram, serum biochemistry, clinical examination and exposure to pathogens). Priority: (P 1 x I 4 = 4) Period of execution: May/19 to Dec/22 Responsible: Yara Barros Contributors: Proyecto Yaguareté Indicator: 100% of the jaguars captured with analyzes performed Product: Clinical-sanitary diagnosis elaborated 1.11. Make toxicological analyzes of samples collected from large felines, both captured and deceased. Priority: (P 1 x I 5 = 5) Period of execution: May/19 to Dec/22 Responsible: Carlos Brocardo Contributors: Proyecto Yaguareté Indicator: 100% of the jaguars captured with analyzes performed Product: Drawn Diagnostics
1.12. Create an application for recording sightings or signs of jaguars and cougars in the region. Priority: (P 3 x I 4 = 12) Period of execution: July/19 to Sep/19 Responsible: Yara Barros Contributors: Fábio de Melo Barros, Peter Crawshaw, Proyecto Yaguaraté, CENAP, Pró-Carnívoros Indicator: Application Available Product: Data generated from the application
1.13. Create a database with records of birth, visualization, predation, slaughter, individual identification (georeferenced) and jaguar biometrics at the PARNA Iguaçu. Priority: (P 2 x I 4 = 8) Period of execution: Mar/19 to Dec/19 Responsible: Yara Barros Contributors: Fábio de Melo Barros, Proyecto Yaguaraté, CENAP, Pró-Carnívoros Indicator: Database created Product: Data of the jaguars (Brazil and Argentina) compiled in a unified database 1.14. Compile information on jaguars with radio-collars at the PARNA Iguaçu (including biometrics). Priority: (P 2 x I 5 = 10) Period of execution: Nov/ 2018 Responsible: Carlos Brocardo Contributors: Peter Crawshaw, Apolônio Rodrigues Indicator: Compiled data Product: Document with compiled information
1.15. Compile all publications about jaguars in the Green Corridor region. Priority: (P 1 x I 5 = 5) Period of execution: May/19 to Dec/ 22 Responsible: Carlos Brocardo Contributors: Carlos De Angelo Indicator: Bibliographic review carried out Product: Bank of bibliography completed
1.16. Encourage and guide landowners to create RPPNs (private protected reserves) in areas important to big cats in the PARNA IguaĂ§u region.
Priority: (P 2 x I 3 = 6) Period of execution: Mar/19 to Dec/22 Responsible: Thiago Reginato Contributors: ApolĂ´nio Rodrigues Indicator: Owners of appropriate areas visited Product: At least 5 meetings held with owners of nearby municipalities and a representative of ICMBio Brasilia to advise on the creation of RPPNs
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 2
Foto: Projeto Onรงas do Iguaรงu
Promote the coexistence of human populations and big cats in the PARNA Iguaรงu region.
2.1. Obtain from the community near the park information about the presence of jaguars and other native species and on livestock management. Obtain data on the withdrawal of individuals, incidences of hunting, and cases of predation of domestic animals, Priority: (P 1 x I 1 = 1) Period of execution: Jun to Oct/18 and Jun to Oct/2021 Responsible: Thiago Reginato Contributors: Sílvio Marchini Indicator: Properties sampled Product: Diagnosis of the current situation 2.2. Quantify and understand the motivations for slaughter and for the tolerance of big cats among key social groups in the PARNA Iguaçu region. Priority: (P 1 x I 1 = 1) Period of execution: Jun/18 to Jun/22 Responsible: Thiago Reginato Contributors: Sílvio Marchini Indicator: Questionnaires applied Product: Diagnosis of public perception about the jaguar 2.3. Carry out community involvement actions in areas with registered conflict with big cats. Priority: (P 1 x I 1 = 1) Period of execution: May/18 to Dec/22 Responsible: Thiago Reginato Contributors: Sílvio Marchini Indicator: Actions carried out Product: At least 5 actions per year (25 actions)
2.4. Develop strategies with agencies of assistance and rural extension (Cooperatives, EMATER, IAP, ADAPAR, Secretariats of Agriculture) to apply preventive methods to attacks of big cats. Priority: (P 3 x I 1 = 3) Period of execution: Jul/18 to Dec/22 Responsible: Thiago Reginato Contributors: Sílvio Marchini Indicator: Institutions contacted Product: Signed partnerships 2.5. To implement and test the use of low cost preventive techniques to scare away predators from properties with a history of predation or the recent presence of big cats. Priority: (P 1 x I 1 = 1) Period of execution: Jun/18 to Dec/22 Responsible: Thiago Reginato Contributors: Bird Park Indicator: Preventive techniques implemented in 100% of properties with predation by big cats Product: Reduction of the predation rate 2.6. Adapt, print and distribute a booklet on good practices and encourage its application. Priority: (P 1 x I 3 = 3) Period of execution: First version until August/18 and second version until May/21 Responsible: Thiago Reginato Contributors: Sílvio Marchini, Rogério Cunha, Ricardo Boulhosa Indicator: 2,000 first version booklets (already paid) and 2,000 second version booklets produced Product: booklets distributed
2.7. Offer an extension courses to the Agricultural School, regional agronomy and zootechnical colleges, and technicians at cooperatives on good management practices to reduce attacks by carnivores. Priority: (P 2 x I 1 = 2) Period of execution: Preparation of the course until 10/18, beginning 2019 to 2022 Responsible: Thiago Reginato Contributors: Sílvio Marchini, Ricardo Boulhosa, Rogério Cunha, Proyecto Yaguareté, Henrique Tavares (Parque das Aves) Indicator: Good practices course developed Product: Good practices course offered 5 times until 2022 2.8. Estimate the annual predation rate of domestic animals in the PARNA Iguaçu neighborhood due to jaguars (and possibly other causes) from the last 2 years.
Priority: (P 4 x I 1 = 4) Period of execution: Jun/18 to Dec/22 Responsible: Thiago Reginato Contributors: Sílvio Marchini Indicator: 100% of the properties sampled Product: Annual losses and causes estimated 2.9. Map the land use in the properties bordering the PARNA Iguaçu.
Priority: (P 2 x I 1 = 2) Period of execution: Jun to Oct/18 and Jun to Oct/2021 Responsible: Thiago Reginato Contributors: Unioeste Indicator: Data collection (field and geoprocessing) Product: Map of land use elaborated
2.10. Develop a model assessing the vulnerability of properties to predation by big cats Priority: (P 2 x I 1 = 2) Period of execution: Aug/19 to Dec/22 Responsible: Carlos Brocardo Contributors: Rogério Cunha, Kátia Ferraz, Carlos de Angelo Indicator: Data compilation and submission for modeling Product: Vulnerability model developed 2.11. Develop a protocol to respond to sighting / predation information, so that the local population will always have a feedback of the transmitted information.
Priority: (P 1 x I 2 = 2) Period of execution: Sep/18 Responsible: Yara Barros Employees: Environmental Police Indicator: Predation response protocol and sightings developed until Sep / 2018 Product: Protocol implemented 2.12. Produce a booklet for divulgation and clarification about jaguars (including road killings) to be constantly disseminated in neighboring municipalities. Priority: (P 1 x I 3) = 3 Period of implementation: Jun/18 to Dec/22 Responsible: Thiago Reginato Contributors: Sílvio Marchini Indicator: Booklet produced Product: Booklet distribution associated with engaging and empowering events
2.13. Identify and implement measures to recognize / certify properties that collaborate with the project and identify and train local leaders, people who engage in the protection of jaguars. Priority: (P 1 x I 1) = 1 Period of implementation: Mar/19 to Dec/22 Responsible: Thiago Reginato Contributors: SĂlvio Marchini Indicator: Local leaders identified and trained Product: Property certification seal created and implemented
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 3 Promote actions to prevent loss / removal of big cats and their prey in the PARANA Iguaรงu region.
Foto: Joรฃo Marcos Rosa
3.1. Develop a database on hunting information in the PARNA of Iguaçu region, compiling data from the Environmental Police and ICMBio. (10 years, including inspection effort). Priority: (P 3 x I 3) = 9 Period of implementation: Aug/18 to Dec/22 Responsible: Yara Barros Contributors: Fábio de Melo Barros, Captain Nilson Figueiredo (Environmental Police), Edislon Esteves Indicator: Compiled information Product: Database developed and continuously fed 3.2. Articulate to the enforcement agencies actions to increase the flow of information, with the aim to curb the hunting of big cats (Military Police, Federal Police, IBAMA, ICMBio). Priority: (P 1 x I 3) = 3 Period of execution: May/18 to Dec/22 Responsible: Yara Barros Contributors: Captain Nilson Figueiredo (Environmental Police), Edilson Esteves, Ivan Baptiston Indicator: 1 meeting with supervisory bodies per year Product: At least 5 meetings held 3.3. Create material / content on the fight against hunting in the region of the PARNA Iguaçu and neighboring municipalities.
Priority: (P 2 x I 2) = 4 Period of implementation: Aug/18 to Dec/22 Responsible: Yara Barros Contributors: Environmental Police, ICMBio, CENAP, Pró-Carnívoros, Proyecto Yaguareté Indicator: Material produced Product: Anti-hunting campaign started by July/2019
. 3.4. Articulate with the PARNA Iguaçu and Concessionaire (Eco Cataratas) actions to prevent road kill in the main hotspots (BR 163, Santa Teresa and Céuo Azul and within the PARNAIguaçu). Priority: (P 3 x I 2) = 6 Period of implementation: Aug/18 to Dec/22 Responsible: Yara Barros Contributors: Eco Cataratas, DNIT Indicator: Permanent campaign against road kill started until August /2019
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 4 Minimize the risk for people and jaguars in the PARNA Iguaรงu, both in Public Areas and Areas of Special Use.
Foto: Joรฃo Marcos Rosa
4.1. Create, train and equip an Emergency Response Team (ERE) composed of employees from various sectors of the PARNA Iguaçu. Priority: (P 2 x I 1) = 2 Period of implementation: Aug/18 to Dec/22 Responsible: Yara Barros Contributors: Cataratas SA, Hotel, Macuco, Police, Rogério Indicator: Operating ERE until Dec/2018 4.2. Develop a risk analysis matrix related to the presence of big cats in the PARNA Iguaçu and security protocols for each identified risk, including preventive and emergency measures. Priority: (P 1 x I 1) = 1 Period of execution: Oct/18 Responsible: Yara Barros Contributors: Rogério Cunha Indicator: Matrix and protocols elaborated by Oct/18 4.3. Publicize widely among visitors, residents and collaborators of the PARNA Iguaçu security measures related to big cats. Priority: (P 1 x I 3) = 3 Period of execution: Nov/18 to Dec/22 Responsible: Yara Barros Contributors: Cataratas SA, Macuco, Hotel, Environmental Police Indicator: 100% of visitors, employees, residents and researchers informed about security measures
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 5 Promote technical and scientific collaborative actions to enable research and conservation of the jaguars in the PARNA Iguaรงu region.
Foto: Joรฃo Marcos Rosa
5.1. To hold, in 2020, an International Symposium on the Conservation of Big Cats in Foz do Iguaçu. Priority: (P 2 x I 3) = 6 Period of implementation: Sep/2020 Responsible: Yara Barros Contributors: CENAP, Pró Carnivores, Proyecto Yaguareté, Panthera Brazil, IUCN Cat Specialist Group, WWF Indicator: Symposium held until Nov/2020 5.2. Hold an annual meeting between Project Jaguars of Iguaçu and Proyecto Yaguareté (presentation of results and planning of joint actions) Priority: (P 1 x I 4) = 4 Period of execution: May/18 to Dec/22 Responsible: Yara Barros Contributors: Carlos de Angelo Indicator: 5 meetings held 5.3. Establishing, with the neighboring municipalities, the possibility of establishing an incentive for producers who adopt good practices in their properties. Priority: (P 3 x I 1) = 3 Period of implementation: Jan/19 to Dec/22 Responsible: Thiago Reginato Employees: UTFPR, EMATER, IAP, Municipal Secretariats of Agriculture, Rural Unions, Cooperatives Indicator: 10% of neighboring municipalities with agreements until 2022
5.4. Discuss with the neighboringmunicipalities (Secretariats of the Environment) aid for the proper disposal of carcasses (construction of ditches). Priority: (P 3 x I 1) = 3 Period of implementation: Jan/19 to Dec/22 Responsible: Thiago Reginato Employees: UTFPR, EMATER, IAP, Municipal Secretariats of Agriculture, Rural Unions, Cooperatives Indicator: 10% of neighboring municipalities with agreements until 2022 5.5. Articulate with the prefectures of the neighboring municipalities for the accomplishment of Encounters of Good Practices on Livestock Management. Priority: (P 2 x I 3) = 6 Period of implementation: Jan/19 to Dec/22 Responsible: Thiago Reginato Employees: UTFPR, EMATER, IAP, Municipal Secretariats of Agriculture, Rural Unions, Cooperatives, Gebana Indicator: 3 conferences held until 2022 5.6. Creation of the Municipal Jaguar Day in the nearby municipalities. Priority: Period of execution: wait for the National Jaguar Day to be created (review this action in 2019) Responsible: Yara Barros Contributors: Indicator: At least one municipality with the Municipal Day of Jaguar created until 2022
5.7. Maintain and strengthen partnerships with researchers from neighboring countries, including national and provincial parks of Argentina and Paraguay, as well as with researchers and national/international institutions (especially of conservation projects of jaguars), seeking joint actions to promote scientific research and to direct efforts to the conservation of big cats in the Atlantic Rainforest. Priority: (P 2 x I 2) = 4 Period of implementation: Jul/18 to Dec/22 Responsible: Carlos Brocardo Collaborators: CENAP, PRO, ESALQ, JaguaretĂŠ Conservation Program in PY, Proyecto YaguaratĂŠ, Chester Zoo / WILDCRU, Ounces of Rio Negro Project, UFScar Indicator: Joint actions, participation in congresses and symposiums, annual meetings, articles published jointly
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 6 Develop and implement a communication plan for the Project Jaguars of Iguaรงu for different audiences.
Foto: Joรฃo Marcos Rosa
6.1. Set up an itinerant exhibition in a vehicle, the â€œJaguar Mobile", and go to the neighboring municipalities carrying out educational and awareness-rising activities. Priority: (P 4 x I 1) = 4 Period of execution: proposal drawn up by Oct/18 Responsible: Yara Barros Contributors: Mitsubishi, Toyota, Ford, Chevrolet Indicator: Operating Jaguar Mobile
6.2. Propose the creation of the National Jaguar Day Priority: (P 3 x I 4) = 12 Period of execution: until Oct/18 Responsible: Yara Barros Contributors: RogĂŠrio Cunha, Ronaldo Morato, Ugo Vercillo Indicator: Proposal prepared and submitted to the MMA by Dec/18 6.3. Carry out annually (from 2019 on) the Jaguar Festival (on the National Jaguar Day) Priority: (P 1 x I 4) = 4 Period of implementation: Jan/19 to Dec/22 Responsible: Thiago Reginato Collaborators: City Halls, Municipal Secretariats of Education, Concessionaires Indicator: Four festivals held in four different municipalities
6.4. Produce educational and engaging material about the National Park, to be used in activities by teachers and students from neighboring schools. (games, kit with materials) Priority: (P 1 x I 2) = 2 Implementation period: Dec/18 to Dec/22 Responsible: Thiago Reginato Collaborators: WWF, LAR, Frimesa, Copacol and other cooperatives Indicator: Kits ready and delivered to the Municipal Secretariats of Education of the neighboring municipalities 6.5. Development and implementation of education activities in the schools of neighboring municipalities, with periodicity to be determined. (eg A Researcher's Day on the Project, field day) Priority: (P 1 x I 2) = 2 Period of implementation: Jan/19 to Dec/22 Responsible: Thiago Reginato Collaborators: Municipal Secretariats of Education, Park School Indicator: At least 4 education activities in neighboring municipalities 6.6. Keep an active Facebook account, with frequent posts. Priority: (P 1 x I 5) = 5 Period of execution: Jun/18 to Dec/22 Responsible: Yara Barros Contributors: WWF Indicator: Frequent posts Product: Increase of 500 followers / year and increase of engagement
6.7. Create a website for the Project Jaguars of Iguaçu and keep it updated. Priority: (P 1 x I 5) = 5 Period of execution: Jun/19 to Dec/22 Responsible: Yara Barros Contributors: FOG Agency Indicator: Website created until Jun/19 6.8. Update to the general public about the activities undertaken by the project. Priority: (P 1 x I 4) = 4 Period of execution: May/18 to Dec/22 Responsible: Yara Barros Contributors: CENAP, Pró Carnívoros Indicator: At least 5 articles and 30 published newslwtters and updates in the Research Gate periodic 6.9. Prepare and send for publication scientific articles detailing the results of our research. Priority: (P 1 x I 3) = 3 Period of implementation: Jan/20 to Dec/22 Responsible: Carlos Brocardo Contributors: Sílvio Marchini, Kátia Ferraz, Rogério Cunha, Ronaldo Morato, Carlos de Angelo, Agustin Paviolo, Pedro Galetti Indicator: 4 scientific articles submitted until 2022 6.10. Present the progress of the work in all CONPARNI meetings.
Priority: (P 1 x I 4) = 4 Period of execution: May/18 to Dec/22 Responsible: Yara Barros Contributors: Indicator: Lectures presented at 100% of CONPARNI meetings
SPECIFIC OBJECIVE 7 Provide training for the Projectâ€™s staff, and partners directly involved in the actions of the project, o undertake the activities detailed in the Strategic Planning.
Foto: JoĂŁo Marcos Rosa
7.1. Conduct a Human Dimensions of Conservation course for the teams of the Project Jaguars of Iguaçu and the Proyecto Yaguareté. Priority: (P 1 x I 3) = 3 Period of execution: Apr/20 Responsible: Yara Barros Contributors: Silvio Marchini Indicator: 100% of the teams of the two projects trained in human dimensions of conservation until Apr/20
7.2. Carry out a course on big cats capture, use of radio collars and monitoring for the staff of the Project Jaguars of Iguaçu. Priority: (P 1 x I 3) = 3 Execution period: May/18 (already executed) Responsible: Carlos Brocardo Contributors: Rogério Cunha, Gediendson Araújo Indicator: 100% of the staff trained in capture, radio collaring and monitoring until May/18 7.3. Train the team of the Project Jaguars of Iguaçu in the use of the TEAM Protocol Priority: (P 1 x I 3) = 3 Period of execution: until Oct/19 Responsible: Carlos Brocardo Contributors: CENAP, Pró Carnívoros, IPÊ Indicator: A staff member trained to use the TEAM protocol by Dec/19
7.4. Discuss with foreign organizations that offer training courses (and scholarships) the possibility of specific scholarships for the team of the Project Jaguars of Iguaçu . (Durrell, ZCOG, Africam Safari, Cheetah Conservation Fund). Priority: (P 2 x I 5) = 10 Period of execution: Jun/18 to Dec/22 Responsible: Yara Barros Contributors: Durrell, ZCOG, Africam Safari, Cheetah Conservation Fund Indicator: At least 2 training courses on project-related topics 7.5. Conduct courses and lectures to train representatives of tourism agencies, the hotel sector, tourist guides and drivers, regarding the appropriate procedures when observing big cats in the PARNA Iguaçu. Priority: (P 1 x I 4) = 4 Period of execution: Mar/18 to Dec/22 Responsible: Yara Barros Contributors: Sílvio Marchini, Ricardo Boulhosa Indicator: 100 lectures presented 7.6. Articulate with training bodies the possibility of guiding the community in areas of conflict with big cats in the neighborhood of the PARNA Iguaçu, specifically for the alternative income generation. Priority: (P 1 x I 1) = 1 Period of implementation: Jan/19 to Dec/22 Responsible: Yara Barros Contributors: UTFPR, SEBRAE, Municipal Secretaries of Culture, Itaipu Indicator: 2 capacity building events in neighboring municipalities per year
7.7. Conduct training courses for teachers in the neighboring municipalities, enabling them to address the conservation of jaguars in the classroom and use the kits distributed. Priority: (P 1 x I 2) = 2 Period of implementation: Jan/19 to Dec/22 Responsible: Thiago Reginato Collaborators: Escola Parque, Projeto Acqua, SĂlvio Marchini, Municipal Secretaries of Education of the neighboring Municipalities Indicator: At least 2 training events per year 7.8. Conduct training workshops for the Environmental Police, Fire Brigade and Civil Defense in areas with conflict with big cats in the region. Priority: (P 1 x I 3) = 3 Period of implementation: Aug/19 to Dec/22 Responsible: Thiago Reginato Contributors: RogĂŠrio Cunha, Municipal Secretaries of May Environment Indicator: Four courses (annual periodicity) on identification, application of predation and jaguar sighting protocol for partner agencies (firemen, Civil Defense, IAP, IBAMA) 7.9. Structure an internship program for professionals in areas that are relevant for the project. Priority: (P 1 x I 5) = 5 Period of implementation: Jan/19 to Dec/22 Responsible: Aline Kotz Contributors: ParkSchool Indicator: 4 trainees / year
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE 8 Ensure the financial viability of the Project Jaguars of Iguaรงu.
Foto: Joรฃo Marcos Rosa
8.1. Discuss with zoos and zoological associations from abroad the possibility of presenting lectures that spread word of the Project within the international zoological community. Priority: (P 1 x I 3) = 3 Period of execution: May/18 to Dec/22 Responsible: Yara Barros Contributors: ZCOG, WAZA, AZA, EAZA Indicator: Partnerships established
8.2. Articulate with local partners to carry out actions that generate income for the Project. Priority: (P 1 x I 1) = 1 Period of execution: May/18 to Dec/22 Responsible: Yara Barros Contributors: Pró Carnívoros, Concessionárias, Fundo Iguaçu Indicator: Established partnerships and transfer of resources to the Project 8.3. Apply for national and international funding grants that have a focus on endangered species / biodiversity conservation. Priority: (P 1 x I 1) = 1 Period of execution: Jun/18 to Dec/22 Responsible: Carlos Brocardo Contributors: Pró Carnívoros, Neotropical Institute Indicator: At least 3 proposals submitted
OBJECTIVES NUMBER OF ACTIONS