PORTFOLIO Yang Qi University of Hong Kong BA(AS) 2012-2016
Thriving the Servings Phase I - Hong Kong tower prototype reformation Phase II - Hong Kong neighborhood prototype reformation
Urban Spine - Energy Research Campus Architecture as urban acupuncture
Design into Local Bottom-up Architecture as motivator of the village
Exodus Dialogue between architecture and nature
Door in the Door Dialogue between ancient and modern
Color Research of Minority Villages in Rural China Research color codes of vernacular villages in Guizhou Province as a way to give color guildance
Dual Skybridge in Hong Kong Incorporate commerce and park into the infrastructure
Motion of Bricks Metaphysical and Physical
01 Thriving the Servings Phase I: Release the Circulation Hong Kong tower prototype reformation HKU 2015 Spring Architecture Design Studio 5 Advisor: Yan Gao Teamate: Guo Ge Conception 50%, Model 50%, Drawing 95% Location: Hong Kong Program: Housing Floor Area: 5000sqm
Hong Kong, with its extreme density, privacy and efficiency are highly stressed in housing design, which forms a highly-pressured urban surrounding and lifestyle. If we focus on the plans designed by Hong Kong Housing Authority, we will discover that Louis Kahn's idea "Serving space and the Served space" is fully implemented here. Sealed core with circualtion and elevators inside and all other floor area are free. However, full of garbage and static air, the circulation becomes terrible junk space in housing. The circulation once played important role in Hong Kong housing history. Communal activities cultivating neibourhood happen in circulation. The project proposes a new prototype to thrive the circulation space and tries to bring back a more communal and open lifestyle.
Phase II: Thicken the Boundary Hong Kong neighborhood prototype reformation HKU 2015 Autumn Architecture Design Studio 6 Advisor: Yan Gao Individual Location: Hong Kong Program: Housing Floor Area: 30000sqm
Based on the prototype developed in the previous project. In this project I tackle the housing issuu on a larger scale. Slab and tower are two basic typologies in Hong Kong neighborhood planning. The served and serving space idea is discovered here again: extremely private tower and plain ground as public space for the whole neighborhood. This planning typology, "the radiant city" is questioned in the project. The project proposes a gradient neighborhood of village living quality. With more diversity and builidng ecology the project brings back different scales of space, privacy, lighting, ventilation which are quite essential for neighborhood activities. In a surrounding with so high vertical density, a microclimate is created and the idea of combining verticality and horizontality is examined.
Photo: Michael Wolf, Architecture of the Density
Phase I: Release the Circulation In Hong Kong housing development, the circulation is either sealed in core or partition. It is designed to the minimum width(1500mm) for economical purpose. The circulation is in bad condition with static and hot air and artificial lighting. However, architecturally, circulation that works as transitional space between public and private is crucial for human behaviors. It's the buffer space where people have chance to cultivate the sense of neighborhood and do semi-exterior activities like reading, chatting or gaming. Based on the critic of circulation in Hong Kong, our project aims to release the circulation by flipping it out to the building facade in both tower and slab typology and redesign the circulation to become the thick boundary between private and public.
The Circulation as Community in Hong Kong Housing History After the burning of the squatters in Shek Yip Mei in 1953, the Mark I block is designed to deal with the severe housing problem. Circulation was outside and the diverse human activities are released at that time. If the "street community" culture could be brought back again in towers, it might open up new vision for the monotone Hong Kong tower forest.
the Development of the Sealed Circulation In the public housing typology development led by Hong Kong Housing Authority, the circulation is always sealed in core. It is designed to the minimum width for economical purpose. The circulation is in bad condition with static and hot air and artificial lighting.
Explode the Core and Develop Circulation as a Synthetic System Tower for housing should be a synthetic system where circulation can be developed to bridge design factors like structure, core, public space, units layout and facade. The old tower design isolated circulation to be service core. In the new proposed housing prototype, different architectural factors are closly connected, creating the architectural ecology.
pitch roof space
Thriving the Servings The serving and the served space open up convenient design for efficiency, but what about design for human living? In an age when each individual's voice and life is concerned. The served and the serving idea should be examined again. The supreme "efficiency first" idea prevailing in Hong Kong might give some way to a more communal, sharing lifestyle.
Connecting Split Cores We start with figuring out different scales of programs in housing. We design the proper grid system. We push the cores to the corner so the central communal space is free. We define different types of passages going through public programs. We employ the flexible system to negotiate between duplication and diversity.
Tower with Public Programs within Public program works as joints of compounds. Each compound has equal accessibility to the public program. The circulation connects all the public programs together. We define public program as node or pausing moment of the circulation when the program merges into the linear circulation. How circulation penetrate through the public program is decided by the public programâ€™s publicity.
Sky Cafe Responding to the requirement of the program such as sound and view, sky cafe is located at the top of the tower.
Library Librar y is located at high levels avoiding noise and preserving a relative quiet environment.
Party Space Party space sits right in the middle of the tower, all people of the tower have equal access to the party space to hang out.
Gym People in the tower deserve a gym, it sits in the relative low level. The gym attracts the public to go high.
Shop&Clinic Shop sits in the relative low level. It attracts the public to go high.
Lobby Lobby is the required program at the bottom level as buffer space between the tower and the public.
Synthesize Circulation, Structure and Units When the design is pushed forward, to synthesize structure an units, the circulation is designed to be continuous, consisted of four types. Each type of the circulation is related to different floor area units, which makes it versatile to design the type ratio in the tower. Because the staircase is no longer stacked, pitched-roof space is generated to be double height living room.
Realease the Space under Staircase Space under the public staircase is turned to be double height pitched-roof livingroom and the space above becomes private staircase for the duplex units.
Circulation as Structural Brace The circulation has the potential to be structural brace for the column and beam structure. The peripheral circulation happens to strengthen the framework by bracing it as robust tube structure.
1:50 Sectional Model
Synthesize Public Space&Unit&Facade&Structure In the sectional final model, the synthesis of structure, public space, units and structure is demonstrated.
Plan Voison Le Corbusier 1922-1925
Phase II: Thicken the Boundary The project aims to design thick boundary between private and public in different scales. Hong Kong estate planning is usually consisted of two building types: the tower and the slab. In residential development, they are evenly distributed on site. The space in between the buildings doesn't generate activity for its even-privacy status. Human activities are cultivated in a more sensitive way. In the project, the idea of gradience instead of absolution is stressed. A healthy neighborhood requires different layers of scales, privacy, sunlight and ventilation. The podium tower typology, examined in commercial areas, becomes a residential compound where slabs and towers are connected.
Communal Microclimate The site is half-enclosed by L-shape retaining walls. Natural landscape is transformed into different height of artificial terraces on site. There is only one way to get into the site. It's an isolated island, an urban pocket space. The isolation condition drives the architecture to look into itself and to creates its own microclimate. The loop typology is introduced into the site as an experiment of the new gradient planning. The loop works as soft boundary in urban. Layers of communal belt surround the courtyard. It creates a semi-public courtyard for the community. The loop negotiates with the retainning wall and surrounding estates. It transforms itself as a dialogue to the site. Human activities are cultivated in a more sensitive way. In the project, the idea of gradience instead of absolution is stressed. A healthy neighborhood requires different layers of scales, privacy, sunlight and ventilation. The podium tower typology, examined in commercial areas, becomes a residential compound where slabs and towers are connected. The space in between the buildings generate activity for its diverse privacy status. Human activities are cultivated in a more sensitive way. In the project, the idea of gradience planning is stressed.
Negotiate with the Context The site consists of a gigantic vertical asphalt retaining wall and two existing housing estate. My project confronts the constraints in planning and tries to negotiate and preserve its living quality without hurting the situation of the existing buildings.
a.No much Vehicle b.No much people walking c.Ordinary mountain view
a.Flood channel embeded b.Unaccessible c.Covered with asphalt d.Barren and black
Bedford Garden Private Housing
a.Over 10,000 residents b.Horrible gaps in between c.Dark public space at podium level d.Lighted public space unactivated
Healthy Village Public Housing a.Over 5,000 residents b.level-shift but no activity corridors c.monochrome GF public space d.Mostly residents elderly
Major Entrance Pedestrian Entrance
a.Active and positive b.Tiny entrance
Private Housing Library
Continuous Community The central public space are extended to the horizontal slab and vertical towers though different scales of circulation. The three-meter street connectes major public programs such as community office, kindergarten and clinic. The two meter street community sinuously surrounds or penetrates the towers and the slab. People gain various outdoor corridors to enjoy the central courtyard and communicate with people outside. The communal belt outside the elevator enjoys fresh air and great view. It attracts people to place more activities in the communal area such as reading, dinning, gaming, drying clothes. The intimate intersection between public and private cultivates a healthy neighborhood.
Units Bedroom Toilet Balcony
S 2M Street Connects Semi-private Pocket Space Semi-public living room Semi-public kitchen Reading Family Gathering Neibour Meeting
M 3M Street Connects Community Program Kindergarten Restaurant Community Center Family Gathering
XL & L Courtyard Space for Neibourhood gatherin g
Gradient of Neighborhood Activities Different scales of public space are designed in the neighborhood bearing various activities. Residents have free choice for their diverse behaviours.
Scattered Pocket Space 6F
Corner Public Space 6F
Scattered Pocket Space 9F
Corner Public Space 9F
Gradient of Privacy Public-Community-Semi private-Private-Solitary The idea of gradient is implemented in floor layout. Different scales and conditions of pocket space are allocated through the public circulation. The transitional boundary is thicken. The hierachy of the unit is kitchen-readingroom&livingroom-bedroom-balcony. Programs with public intention are allocated at the street front to cultivate a more healthy, energetic and communicative neighborhood.
Central Public Space 6F
Central Public Space 9F
Urban Spine HKU Energy Research Campus HKU 2014 Spring Architecture Design Studio 4 Advisor: Pascal Berger Individual Location: Shanghai Program: University&Research Floor Area: 3000sqm
On site, there is a large waste collection center with a public park on its top. Waste nearby is collected here and transported to the landfill. As an architectural school about to anchor here, can we do something beneficial for the site? The idea that our school should work as a research lab researching new energy come out. The research lab works as infrastructure and the spine of the site, reconfigurate the layout. It take advantage of the waste collected here and research new outlet of them concerning microb, wind, sun and earth.
A Site of Chaos and Transformation On site, there is a large waste collection center with a public park on its top. Waste nearby is collected here and transported to the landfill. Besides that, there are still three abandoned warehouses on site with Shanghai warehouse Renovation Project in progress. In between the site, there are still a bunch of left over squatters built in 1980s. At the other end of the side, Anken Green sits there, which is a renovated warehouse as creative center. Architects and designers are attracted. The site is totally a mix of terrible urban infrastructure, left over buildings, creative center and public garden. As a campus about to be built. How to take advantage of the site and flip the disadvantages becomes my issue.
Monitor room and meeting room of the Collection Center
Terrace garden covers the process and smell below
Entrance hall of mid size& small waste collection vehicles
Compress waste in transferable tanks Large size trucks carrie filled tanks to Laogang Waste Landfill 30 kilometers from the city and bury the waste.
The Covered Urban Junk Space The section of waste collection center recalled by me reveals the dirty process under ground, hidden and forgotten by the public. The infrastructure supports the activies on ground and it deserves a better treatment.
Junk space as Isolation
Exhibition & Studio Urban Spine as New Order
Intersection as activated Infrastructure Energetic Public Datum Public Education
Transform the Annoying Program to Activated Public Space If we fully examine the value of the waste collection center. The terrible program as annoying junk space can be turned into a more attractive and beneficial program by adding the HKU energy research campus. By adding the campus, I create a spine of energy research, a spine of public datum, a spine of study, exhibition and public education.
Urban Spine -Infrastruacture as the Order of the creative cluster The waste collection center becomes junk space but it can be turned into a more attractive and beneficial program by adding the HKU energy research campus. By adding the campus, I create a spine of energy research, a spine of public datum, a spine of study, exhibition and public education. By introducing such a spine, it actually brings a new order to the site. It works as acupuncture. The spine gives the site infinite potential. In the future, itâ€™s very possible all buildings connect to the spine and the site turns into a creative cluster.
Microb Research Lab
Wind Research Lab
Sun Research Lab
Earth Research Lab
Energetic Public Datum Studio&Exhibition&Research&Public Education The waste collection center becomes junk space but it can be turned into a more attractive and beneficial program by adding the HKU energy research campus. By adding the campus, I create a spine of energy research, a spine of public datum, a spine of study, exhibition and public education. By introducing such a spine, it actually brings a new order to the site. It works as acupuncture. The spine motivates the potential of the site. In the future, itâ€™s very possible all buildings connect to the spine and the site turns into a creative cluster.
Urban Acupuncture-Energy Research Nodes Microb & Wind & Sun & Earth Research & Exhibition & Public Education & Studio Along the spine, four distinct energy research labs are allocated alont the circulation. They research microb, wind, sun and earth and tackle the issue of ecology in architecture design. The first lab is microb, the research of degradation will benefit the waste process. The visitors walking through the spine will experience the dirty process of waste collection and then they will see the latest mircrob development. After that, they go through wind, solar, earth research and end up into the creative Anken Green, the renovated warehouse sitting at the end of the site. The waste collection center becomes junk space but it can be turned into a more attractive and beneficial program by adding the HKU energy research campus. By adding the campus, I create a spine of energy research, a spine of urban armature, and a spine of study, exhibition and public education.
Wind Research Lab -Natural ventilation -Intelligent skin
Microb Research Lab -Biodegration -Algae Electricity Generator
HKU Studio Exhibition 37
Earth -Rammed Earth -Natural Insulation -Green Facade
Solar Research Lab -Natural Lighting -Photovoltaic Panel
Studio IV Auditorium
Studio III Studio Exhibition
Workshop Studio Exhibition
Design into Local Bottom-up Architecture
Architectural Design and Research Institute of Tsinghua University 2016 Director: Chang Qiang Teamate: Guo Ge, Dang Yutian, Dai Shuyao Design 70%, Drawing 95% Location: Xi Zhanggeng Village, Shanxi Province, China Program: Night School & Rural Hotel Floor Area: 3600sqm+800 sqm
In North China, the condition of the village is rather complex during the historical reform. Today, its society, ecosystem, production, culture are more or less vulnerable and sensitive. The village builder must face these questions, is the introduction made by outer force can be actually carried out? How to evaluate the effect after the practice? How to repair the probable damage caused by improper intervene? How to activate and continually generate the inner-born motivation? How to inherit the rural craft and culture essence during its development?“design into local”, requires designers to soak into the village just like liquor in all the aspects: production, material, recognition, trust, and intervene systematically. We come up with the working method of “Synthetic Planning of Village” during our practice. We begins with all-data, all-info, no-directional systematic survey, to get a comprehensive grasp of village’s space and society. Then we come up with the production strategy through discovery of the uniqueness of the village. And we practice “implement plan” to settle money, people and project, do the essential renovation, intrigue industry, make the environment better, inherit the rural craftsmanship. “Design into local” is practiced in all the aspect, to create a new model for village development. Architecture design is based on passive technology and local skills. Through renovation of the old mud houses from the aspect of structure, function and space, we collect and improve the traditional skills. The results are compiled to a “handbook for local house renovation”. The handbook will set an example for nearby constructions. From this aspect, the renovation project doesn’t only influence the buildings it renovates, but also similar types of buildings nearby. The construction project goes for the first step for following development.
O Green Buffer Zone The renovated courtyard house will be used as a hotel. Buffer zone is generated in response to the request of a contemporary life, avoiding the overlooking issue through the traditional window and providing privacy for residents.
To complemen house and brin life, seperated bedrooms thro Light wells, wh designed as c space.
Penetrate the Gable Wall Original mud gable wall is thick and solid in response to the local climate and structure. However, the pediment area is penetrable because there is wooden frame inside. In history, windows would make the room suffer from freezing winter. With development of doubleglazing glass to retain heat in winter, the garble wall is penetrated in the renovation design to allow more light to come in.
Lift the Roof
Traditional houses facing east and west suffer from insufficient lighting. The original east-west facing house required renovation for its roof. After discussing with the local carpenter. We propose lift the roof for additional 600mm, which is probable employing traditional wooden joint structure. The floating roof, as development of local tectonic, lighten the space underneath.
Villag wall the th grey facad to the impo
Occupy the Gap
nt the function of traditional mud ng villagers a more convenient d toilet grows behind each ough occupying the back alley. hich provides better lighting are compensation for the ocupied
Terrace the Plain Roof
Society and Space Investigation
Large unaccessible area plain roof was barren. By breaking down the scale of the roof and creating different terrace, people are allowed to access the second public datum of the village. Tranquility, views, soil are provided. In tectonic aspect, small scale of concrete roof are less possible to fissure.
private host bedroom bedroom
bathhouse for village
Full-Lifecycle Architecture We come up with the working method of “Synthetic Planning of Village” during our practice. We begins with all-data, all-info, no-directional systematic survey, to get a comprehensive grasp of village’s space and society. Then we come up with the production strategy through discovery of the uniqueness of the village. And we settle funding and workers for the renovation. We inherit from the rural craftsmanship. “Design into local” is practiced in all the aspect, to create a new model for village development.
Thicken the Envelope
gers trend to construct 240mm thick brick covered with grey mortar. In northen china, hin wall results in cold interior condition. The facade leads to the continuous monotonous de of the village. We add a bare red brick wall e original wall. It repaints the facade and more ortantly, improve the insulation. Drawing by Yang Qi
Growing and Evolving of the Tradition from the Local Housing Prototype Vernacular buildings in village own their distinct logic from architecture designed by architect. The reason is natural and straight forward. Viewing the plan of the couryard houses, you see family history, culture and climatic reaction. When designing the architecture, we try to put aside our own aesthetic and return to the fundamental architectural ontology. Understanding the tradition culture and construction logic. We propose a combinition of bottom up with top down design strategy. When keeping a general logic, we create tremendous variation and each change is related to specific site condition. Drawing by Yang Qi
Wall Renovation to improve Structure&Lighting & Insulation & Appearance
Drawings by Yang Qi
Underground Infrastructure-Septic Tank
Bare Brick Wall Construction
Water Proof Layer
Mixed Earth as Insulation and Facade
Strengthen the Surface
Local Tectonic Update During construction process, we tried our best to inherit and develop lost tectonic because the traditional way of construction was collective and ecological. The construction process itself is closely related to social connection, family reputation and culture respect. We show our understanding and respect for that. Beyond that, with the development of new materials and construction methods. We renovate their methodologies as well for them to construct better houses in the future.
Photos by Yang Qi
Exodus HKU 2013 Spring Architecture Design Studio 2 Advisor: John Lin Individual Location: Changliu Village, Guangzhou Program: Villa Floor Area: 240sqm
The site is located at the edge of the village. Based on thinking about how to deal with the relationship between the house and nature, I need to make an addition for house with 140 sqm. Is there a way to break the monochrome condition there. The idea of preserving the existing urban fabric but adding a new block as a parvillion or outpost into nature comes into my mind.I need to make an addition for house with 140 sqm. Is there a way to break the monochrome condition there. The idea of preserving the existing urban fabric but adding a new block as a parvillion or outpost into nature comes into my mind.I need to make an addition for house with 140 sqm. Is there a way to break the monochrome condition there. The idea of preserving the existing urban fabric but adding a new house as a outpost into nature comes into my mind.
Original Surrounded House
The Open House
Exodus The original house is located at the boundary of the village. It is surrounded by ordered village blocks. With a desire to expand itself and get rid of the ordinary buildings, it wonders where to go. Getting close to the nature is its answer. It creates a duplicate of itself and connects his twin house. The new house possesses two opposite context. It possesses contradictory but unified space characteristics.
to Merge The original house starts to expand itself. It questions what is the best strategy. Finally, it choose to responds to the existing grid fabric. It employs a modest way to sit itself. The building, with its distinct identity, merges into the site at last.
to Occupy and to Concede The house in the surrounding blocks employs a aggresive strategy to sky. It satisfies its desire for more space by vertical occupation. The house in the nature is humble. It gives its space to the nature. In returen, nature gives the building several courtyards to breathe and enjoy the mountain view.
to Materialize The concept is gradually resolved into materialized architecture. The massing states the architectureâ€™s attitude to the context. The structure model reveals its intention to space quality. The model with material deals with the interaction between human and architecture.
to Dissect The drawing demonstrates what the architecture is. The planner and vertical section reveal the opposite essence of the space in the twin houses. The materials and tectonic connection reveals its locality and construction process. 26
05 Door in the Door HKU 2014 Autumn Architecture History Studio 2 Advisor: Ding yao & Li yingchun Teamate: Lim xiaowei, Hyun nah, Hafsa) Location: Tianjin Program: Door Floor Area: None Dule Temple is a temple of over 1000 years old and the door panel of it is destroyed. In a request of designing a new door panel of it, we wonder whether a traditional door is suitable for the temple at present as it has turned into a tour spot. Besides, the idea of buddism doesn't has to be severe and heavy. We propose a more light, interactive rotating door as an answer for the contemporary temple and the idea of reincarnation.
Space of the Flow
Sketch by Xiaowei, Drawings by Yang Qi
The Door in the Temple A door is the boundary of an area and it reminds people of inside and outside. The double rotating door elongate the process of passing the boundary, strenghen the perception of going through the door. The rotaing process somehow creates various space on site. By pushing the door panel time and time again, maybe people are reminded why they are here and what's the destination they head to.
06 Color Research of Minority Villages in Rural China HKU 2012 Autumn With Tsinghua University Groupwork (Yang Qi, Jiang Meng, Cui yujing, Wilson) Conception 70%, Analysis 50%, Drawings, 50% Location: Guizhou Program: None Floor Area: None Under the need of color planning for villagers and urban. Employing the methodologies of point cloud, we are able to map the photo onto a more conceptual color space for further analyze. The project tackles the issue of color in architecture area and theorize rules to understand color. The evaluation of color is generated on understanding layers of the context: contrast, proportion, texture, cuture and taste.
3.Scanning the Points
6.Matching the Colors
7.Hue and Brightness
8.Hue and Saturation
9.Brightness and Saturation Drawings by Yang Qi&Wilson
Hue & Brightness
Hue & Saturation
Brightness & Saturation
B. Nodes Drawings by Yang Qi&Wilson
07 Hong Kong Dual Skybridge HKU 2014 Spring Architecture Design Studio 3 Advisor: Ulirich Kirchhoff Individual Urban Gap
Location: Hong Kong Program: Infrastructure & Public space Floor Area: 700sqm Public space are extremely precious for Hong Kong people. Citizens jump between shopping malls and natural parks. The commerical programs feed Hong Kong but they make the streets suffocate in the other way. Shoppers are exhausted with infinite street without any resting space and overwhelming brands. Is there a way to balance the collision between delirious shopping and tranquil park? The two public programs coexist in the skybridge project. It propose a new vison for the infrastructure typology in Hong Kong and a healthier relationship between commerce and nature. It negotiates beteween solitary & social, quiet & noisy, static & motive.
Garden & Commerce
Left Shop Right Garden
Tranquil Sky Park The skybridge is a new sky park on site. It fixes the landscape and connects the flow at different levels to cross the urban highway. Along the circulation, people have chances to go inside different yards on their right side to harvest free air, tranquility and nature. The surface blocks the interference underneath and provides better environment on the top.
Commericial Public Programs When people smoothly going up, on their left side, they step in commercial programs as a response to the shopping culture in Hong Kong. The commercial and the park programs coexist together without interfering each other. 29
08 Motion of Bricks HKU 2012 Spring Architecture History Studio 1 Advisor: Miho Hirabayashi Individual Design / Group Construction Location: Changliu Village, Guangzhou Program: Installation Floor Area: None
The project focuses on the process from conceptual thinking to realization. Drawing is a way to imagine, discover, examine and develop the concept. I employ the methodology of rotation to generate the form. The void in between smoothly changes accoding to the analysis of punch movement. The result is an elegant three dimentional curve with solid void transformation.
the Conception and the Construction The conceptual model is built in person by us to understand the scale of architecture material, and the site. The process from conception to realization is hard. A free gentle curve design requires me to think carefully how to locate each brick to finally achieve the quality of the model. We encounter structure and craftmanship problem but the curve is completed by red bricks and motar at last in seven days with foundation, chicken wire as brace inside
Reclaim Circulation as Synthetic System Tower for housing is a synthetic system related to different architectural factors and circulation can be developed to bridge structure, core, public space, units layout and facade.
Drawing by Yang Qi