Page 1

P O R T F O L I O Y ang Gao 2018


2014 - 2018 Undergraduate Architecture Projects

01

CONSTELLAR HUT

stargazing dwelling, metal decks, ergonomic seats

02

TEATRUL PERETE APARATOR

national theatre, annual festival, audience vs staff

03

STRIP DISTRICT ECOLIVING

housing study, sustainable system study, research

Drawing Excerpts

04

BRUNSWICK DAYTIME ACTIVITY

urban program relationship, traffic, sunlight

05

ALMERIA ROUTE PROPOSAL

efficient routes, quality routes, finding project

CONTENTS


CONSTELLAR HUT CMU Third Year Studio Competition Spring 2017 | Epic Metals Competition Stargazing Dwelling for Environmental Charter School Team: Yirui Wang

The stargazing hut is intended to be used by the local astronomy students. Constellar Hut wraps the programs with two pieces of metal that extend into the space to become the ground deck as well as the second-floor deck. The metal decking is also wrapped with a layer of insulation as well as an exterior later rain shields that have constellations imprinted on them. The first floor houses ergonomic seating with views up to the skylight for star viewing. The upper floor has the platform for extensive viewing into the night sky through telescopes.

Yang Gao


2nd Floor

1st Floor


n

ed

I

5 3I

5 7

Wooden Wooden Foundation Raft Foundation I Raft placed in grid. placed in grid.

2

Archdeck Archdeck laidPanels flat onlaid foundation flat on foundation 3 2 Panels with screwwith connection. screw connection. Wooden Wooden columns with columns battens with attached battensto attached to foundationfoundation through bracing. through bracing.

Archdeck Archdeck rolled panels along rolled the along the 3 panels columns, attaching columns, to attaching the battens. to the battens.

4

Similar Similar laid system on toplaid of on top of 4 system existing one existing in the one opposite in thedirection opposite direction with part of with thepart archdeck of the turning archdeck into turning into ergonomicergonomic seating. seating.

perforatedperforated metal sheet metal sheet 8 Glass8panels Glass added panels on both added open on both sidesopen sides Watersheathing resistant sheathing added on added on Archdeck panels Archdeck wrapped panels wrapped 6 Water6resistant 5 7 Constellation 7 Constellation top of the top metal of decks the metal to shield decksfrom to shield from attaches on attaches to the battens, on to theacting battens, as acting as of the hut, of shielding the hut,the shielding spacesthe from spaces directfrom direct around to around make the to second make the second a rain screen. a rain screen. air flow. Photovoltaic air flow. Photovoltaic panels arepanels added are to added to rain. Additional rain. Additional horizontal horizontal battens added battens added floor floor floor plate.floor plate. Archdeck Panels Archdeck laid Archdeck Panels flat on laid foundation Panels Archdeck laid foundation Panels flat onlaid foundation on foundation Archdeck Archdeck panels along the panels Archdeck along rolled the panels along rolled Similar system Similar system on Similar top4laid of system on Similar toplaid of system on toplaid of on top of Wooden Wooden Foundation Raft Wooden Foundation Raft Wooden Foundation Foundation top42of the on top sheathing. the sheathing. the roof, orienting the roof, to orienting receive to sunlight. receive sunlight. Archdeck panels along Similar system onflat toponof I Raft I rolled I the 2Rafton 2 of 2laid 3flat Archdeck 3 panels 3 rolled 3 rolled 4the along 4the 4laid with screwwith connection. screw with connection. screw with connection. Wooden screw connection. Wooden Wooden columns, attaching columns, to columns, attaching the battens. attaching columns, to the battens. attaching to the battens. to the existing battens. one existing in the one opposite existing in thedirection one opposite existing in the one direction opposite in thedirection opposite direction placed inattaching grid. placed intogrid. placed in grid. placed in grid. columns, the battens. existing one inWooden the opposite direction columns with columns columns battens with columns to attached battens with to attached battensto attached to with part of with thepart archdeck of with thepart turning archdeck of with the into part archdeck turning of the into turning archdeck into turning into withbattens part with of attached the archdeck turning into foundationfoundation through foundation bracing. through bracing. through bracing. through bracing. ergonomicergonomic seating. ergonomic seating. ergonomic seating. seating. ergonomic seating. foundation

Water resistant Watersheathing resistant added added perforated perforated metal sheet perforated metal sheet metal Glass Glass added Glass on both added open Glass on added both sides panels open on both added sides open on both sidesopen sides Water6sheathing resistant Water sheathing resistant sheathing added added perforated metal sheet Archdeck panels Archdeck Archdeck panels panels Archdeck wrapped Constellation perforated metal sheet wrapped onon both openon sides 5 5 wrapped 5 wrapped 6 panels 7 onConstellation 7 onConstellation 7 Constellation 7 Constellation 8 sheet 8panels 8panels 8panels 86 Glass6panels added top of top metal of decks the metal to decks from to shield from on attaches to the battens, on attaches to theacting battens, on toas theacting battens, of asthe hut, of shielding the hut,of the shielding the spaces hut,of the shielding from the spaces hut, direct the shielding from spaces direct the from spaces directfrom direct ofshield the top metal of the decks metal to shield decks from toattaches shield from attaches on toas theacting battens, acting as around to make second to around make acting the to around make second to second make thethe second attaches onaround to thethe battens, as the of the hut,top shielding the spaces direct rain. Additional rain. Additional horizontal horizontal battens added battens added abattens rain screen. a rain screen. a rain screen. air flow. Photovoltaic air flow. Photovoltaic airpanels flow. Photovoltaic are airpanels added flow. Photovoltaic are topanels addedare topanels addedare to added to rain. Additional rain. Additional horizontal horizontal battens added a rain screen. plate.floorfloor floor plate.floor floor plate.floor plate. afloor rain floor screen. air flow. Photovoltaic panels are added to added on top of the on sheathing. of orienting the sheathing. the roof, orienting the roof,to orienting the receive roof, to sunlight. orienting the receive roof,to sunlight. orienting receive to sunlight. receive sunlight. on top ofto the on top sheathing. ofsunlight. the sheathing. thetop roof, receive


Teatrul Perete Aparator CMU SOA ASOS Spring 2018 | Frozen Music New National Theatre in Sibiu, Romania

Teatrul Perete Aparator sits across from the corner of the historic city wall. The protective functionality of the bastion wall was reinterpreted to erect a wall that defend the theatre from external disturbance. This wall that runs linearly along the main boulevard embraces the boulevard and turns the boulevard into a mediating space between the wall and the theatre during peak performance seasons. The public circulates along the organic ramp that connects all three foyers. The ramp, resembling the river that existed on site, restructured itself in relation with the number of intended occupants.

Yang Gao


Bulevardul Corneliu Coposu

ROOF PLAN

GYM W.C.

FEMALE

MALE

GREEN ROOM

WORKSHOP PLAN

LOCKER

LOUNGE

2

MAIN PLAN

4

8

12

20

GROUND PLAN

2 4

8

12

20


Teatrul Perete Aparator sits at the anchor surrounded by the old town, the new city, and two stories residential zones. The front of house, which faces the main boulevard Corneliu Coposu, becomes an eye-attracting space for both the pedestrians as well as the vehicular travelers. The main entrance exists on the north-west corner of the building, allowing for close proximity pedestrian access from both the old town as well as the underground walkway. The landscape in the corner was also altered to introduce outdoor activities as well as view framing for the entrace.


The waffle structure of the wall acts as acoustic barrier that not only blocks sound from the outside, but also as spatial dividers that isolate the individual foyers from the larger front of house space. The individual cells within the wall light up during the light, creating visual effects. The bottom row of the cells are converted to seating cells where people are able to occupy while waiting in the foyer. During the festival, the boulevard closes for public activites to occur such as food vendors, small shops, and also additional performances. Part of the foyer facade folds up and opens for public access of thousands of people. There’s also the rooftop landscape that is accessible to the public for gatherings before and after the show.


This rendering portrays the image after entering from the entrance on the east. The ramp that starts to rise from the west entrance transforms into the ceiling of the cafe and shop that are near the east entrance. The stair and a small lift nearby offers vertical transportation onto the ramp. The textural differs from the red carpet of the ramp to delineate the street-side program of the ground floor.


HISTORIC

RESIDENTIAL

NEW

CONTEXTUAL INFLUENCE

PROTECTIVE WALL

HALL 1

RAKE DIFFERENTIAL

HALL 2

HALL 3

GLAZING PATTERN

VIEW DOMINANCE

HISTORIC WALL

PEDESTR

HISTORIC WALL

PEDESTRIAN ACCESS

HALL HE

RAMP CIRCULATION

BIFURCATING WALL

UNZIPP

BOX ENTRANCE OFFICE

VIEW DOMINANCE

CONNECTOR

PERFORMANCE

HISTORIC WALL

GATHERING ZONES

PEDESTRIAN ACCESS

LAYERED WALL

FRONT OF HOUSE

BACK OF HOUSE

PUBLIC VS PRIVATE

WATER COLLECTION

SERVICE

LOBBY

HALL HEIGHTS


STRIP ECOLIVING CMU Third Year Studio Fall 2016| Environment, Form, and Feedback Environmental Housing Research Team: Yirui Wang

The Nakagin Capsule Towers, designed by Kisho Kurokawa, was an iconic building built during the Metabolist Movement. The capsules house enough for an individual to sleep, eat, and perform sanitary duties, intended for the single working class. The architect intended for the capsules to be replaced as it deteriorates. The environmental system partnering the Nakagin Capsule Towers is the living machine. The system filters water through a natural process with plants and small organisms. We calculated the water usage of a single-family house to balance it with the number of living machines. Calculations were done n consideration of the growth of the living machines due to their life span. The type of plants used within the system is also recognized to cultivate natural processes on site.

Yang Gao


3’

2’5” 3’

5’9”

” 10 2’

8’

1’6”

Steel Plate/Frame 100+ yrs.

8’

Highrise 100 yrs.

Concrete 75+ yrs.

0

1’6”

3’

4’3”

4’3”

5’9”

5’9”

8’0”

AC Unit 7 - 15 yrs.

2’ 10 ”

2’ 1

0”

2’5”

2’ 1

3’

TV unit 30 yrs.

Four Different Unit Types

Bookshelf Freezer

5’9”

Cupboard

10 - 20 yrs. Bathroom

Toilet 100 yrs.

Human Scale

” 10 2’

4’3”

Closet

50 - 60 yrs.

8’0”

Control Panel (Phone, TV, AC)

Shower 50 yrs.

Desk Tenancy 1 - 11 yrs.

Bed

First Baby 29.2

Residential/ Commercial 60 - 80 yrs.

First Marriage 28.2

Mattress 7-10 yrs.

View from on top of the office tower

View from side walk

Different View Points

Typical Interior Daylight Condition

Average Life Expentancy 83 yrs.

Randomly Scaled Tower

Column Remove Tower

1.3x

Row Remove Tower

ir

A

Graduation 22 - 24 Paint (Exterior) 5 - 7 yrs.

Checker Pattern Tower

1.6x

le

ip ult (M

ap fC

so

2.0x

le

su Siz

e)

Unit Components and Lifespan

ce

a Sp

Intended Capsule Life Span 25 yrs.

View from across the bridge on side walk

View from inside vehicles on the highway

Air Property Rights

Full Capsule Tower


600 sqft. LivingLow Machines Indirect Sun Cell 2 Cell 4

Consume CO2

Incorporate with Nakagin

Indoors Swamp Dogwood Swamp Dogwood Full Sun Full Sun

Cell 3 + Cell 0 3 House 900 sqft. Living Machines Cell 3 Cell 0

e Control

Cell 3 + Cell 1 4 Houses 900 sqft. Living Machines Cell 3 Cell 1

Cell 4 + Cell 3 7 Houses 450 sqft. Living Machines Neutral

Cell 4 + Cell 0 4 Houses 750 sqft. Living Machines Cell 4 Cell 0

Algae Algae Low Indirect LowSun Indirect Sun ConsumeConsume CO2 CO2

Cell 1 + Cell 4 5 Houses 750 sqft. Living Machines Cell 1 Cell 4

Glass

100% Efficiency

70% Efficiency

(56 cells, 385 units) Water Water Lily Lily Direct 4-6h4-6h Direct Sun Sun Aquatic Roots Aquatic Roots Cattail Full Sun

Canna Lily 6-8h Direct Sun Aquatic Roots

Dwarf Banana Cattail Dwarf Banana Cattail Partial Indirect PartialSun Indirect Sun Full Full Sun Sun Aquatic Roots Aquatic Roots Algae Low Indirect Sun Consume CO2

Taro Taro Algae Algae Partial Indirect PartialSun Indirect Sun Indirect LowLow Indirect Sun Sun Aquatic Roots Aquatic Roots Consume Consume CO2CO2

Canna Lily Canna Lily 6-8h Direct 6-8h Sun Direct Sun Aquatic Roots Aquatic Roots

Washer Snails Low Indirect Sun 25 Gal/Load Consume Decaying Plants

Cell 0 0 House 600 sqft. Living Machines 4 Outputs 0 Input

Washing Machine 6% (40G)

Cattail Taro Full Sun Partial Indirect Sun Aquatic Roots

Algae Canna Dwarf Lily Banana Low Indirect Sun 6-8h Direct PartialSun Indirect Sun Consume Aquatic CO2 Aquatic Roots Roots

Dwarf Banana Dwarf Banana Partial Indirect Partial Indirect Sun Sun Aquatic Roots Aquatic TaroRoots Snails Swamp Partial IndirectDogwood Sun Low Indirect Sun FullRoots Sun Aquatic Consume Decaying Plants

TaroTaro Partial Indirect Partial Indirect Sun Sun Aquatic Roots Aquatic Roots Canna Lily 6-8h DirectWater Sun Lily Aquatic Roots 4-6h Direct Sun Aquatic Roots

A 5x5 Cell Grid Representing Small Neighborhood

Canna Canna Lily Lily Direct 6-8h6-8h Direct Sun Sun Aquatic Roots Aquatic Snails Roots Cattail Low Indirect Sun Full Sun Consume Decaying Plants

Snails Snails Drinking 1% (7G) Indirect LowLow Indirect Sun Sun Consume Decaying Plants Consume Decaying Plants

Hygiene 2.6% (17.5G)

Algae Low Indirect Sun Consume CO2

Dishes 32.2% (210G)

Cell 1 1 House 600 sqft. Living Machines 4 Outputs 0 Input

(1200 sqft/cell)

Toilet 25.7% (168G) Shower 32.2% (210G)

)

50% Efficiency

(77 cells, 364 units)

(106 cells, 335 units)

Snails Snails Low Indirect LowSun Indirect Sun ConsumeConsume Decaying Decaying Plants Plants

Living Machine

Swamp Dogwood Swamp Dogwood Full Full Sun Sun

Cattail Swamp Dogwood Taro Algae DwarfWater Banana Lily Water Lily Shaving Washing Hand Full Sun Full Sun Low Indirect Direct Sun 4-6hSun Direct Sun Partial4-6h Indirect Sun Partial Indirect Sun Consume CO2 Aquatic Roots Aquatic Roots 1 Gal/Day Aquatic Roots 1 Gal/Day Aquatic Roots

100% Efficiency

(56 cells, 385 units) Cattail Cattail Full Sun Full Sun

Water LilyWater Lily 4-6h Direct 4-6h Sun Direct Sun Aquatic Roots Aquatic Roots

(1200 sqft/cell)

Vertical Flow

Living Machine

Aquatic Roots

Cell 2 2 Houses 450 sqft. Living Machines 3 Outputs 1 Input

Cell 3 3 Houses 300 sqft. Living Machines 1 Output 3 Inputs

Cell 4 4 Houses 150 sqft. Living Machines A 5x5 Cell Grid Representing 0 Output 4 Inputs (1 adjacent cell)

ouse

LM Cover Range 1

1050 sqft. Living Machines 750 Machines 1050 sqft. Living Machines Fullsqft. SunLiving Aquatic Roots ConsumeCell Decaying Plants 4-6h DirectNeutral Sun 3 Cell 2 Neutral

Day FullRoots Sun Aquatic me Decaying Plants

Incorporate with Nakagin

Added Strings Showing Relationship between Neighboring Blocks

Dish Washer Dish Washing (hand) In these exercises we are imagining the cells as city blocks or plots of land, with different housing units. As the neighborhood grows, the demand and supply of processed wa6 Gal/Day 2 Gal/Min

In these exercises we are im ter shifts according to the e water is shown in the mode

ter shifts according to the equilibrium shown in the animation. A block of four houses can only supply one household, while a block of one house can supply four. The flow of water is shown in the model as colored strings, with red meaning “Giving”, green meaning “Taking”, blue representing a neutral relationship.

Shower 2 Gal/Min

Brush 1 Gal/Min

Taro Partial Indirect Sun Aquatic Roots

Washing Hand 1 Gal/Day

Canna Lily 6-8h Direct Sun Aquatic Roots

Snails Low Indirect Sun Consume Decaying Plants

Shaving 1 Gal/Day

Washer 25 Gal/Load

1800 sqft, 6075 Gallons/ Day 1 living machine = 10 house

rporate with Nakagin

Toilet 25.7% (168G) Shower 32.2% (210G)

Washing Machine 6% (40G)

Cell 2 + Cell 0 2 House 1050 sqft. Living Machines Neutral

Cell 2 + Cell 1 3 Houses 1050 sqft. Living Machines Neutral

Cell 3 + Cell 2 5 Houses 750 sqft. Living Machines Cell 3 Cell 2

(2 adjacent cell)

Dwarf Banana Partial Indirect Sun Aquatic Roots

LM Cover Range 2

Snails Low Indirect Sun Consume Decaying Plants

(1 adjacent cell)

Canna Lily 6-8h Direct Sun Aquatic Roots

4800 sqft, 176 Gallons/Day per Person 2400 Gallons Waste Water

LM Cover Range 1

Glass

Living Machines as Landslide Control

Cell 2 + Cell 4 6 Houses 600 sqft. Living Machines Cell 2 Cell 4

Drinking 1% (7G) Hygiene 2.6% (17.5G)

y

Dishes 32.2% (210G)

Cooking 2 Gal/Meal

Solar Radiation at 5ft Depth

Dish Washer 6 Gal/Day

Dish Washing (hand) 2 Gal/Min

Solar Radiation at 4ft Depth

LM Cover Range 2

Toilet 1.6 Gal/Flush

Radiation at 5ft Depth

Cell 3 + Cell 0 3 House 900 sqft. Living Machines Cell 3 Cell 0

BioFilter

Solar Radiation at 4ft Depth

Living Machines as Flooding Control

Solar Radiation at 3ft Depth

Summer Sun Path Study

(2 adjacent cell)

BioFilter

Solar Radiation at 2ft Depth

Living Machines as Flooding Control

Nakagin Capsule: serves 1 person 100 sq ft.

Section of Natural Wetland

Cell Expansions and Reciprocal Relationships

Cell 3 + Cell 1 4 Houses 900 sqft. Living Machines Cell 3 Cell 1

Cell 4 + Cell 3 7 Houses 450 sqft. Living Machines Neutral

Cell 4 + Cell 0 4 Houses 750 sqft. Living Machines Cell 4 Cell 0

Cell 1 + Cell 4 Summer Sun Path Study Brush Washing Hand 5 Houses 1 Gal/Min 1 Gal/Day 750 sqft. Living Machines Solar Radiation at 5ft Depth Cell 1 Cell 4

Shower 2 Gal/Min

Living Machine Cell: serves 1 person 50 sq ft. above ground Toilet 1.6 Gal/Flush

Solar Radiation at 4ft Depth

Radiation at 3ft Depth

Summer Sun Path Study

Solar Radiation at 2ft Depth

3

Solar Radiation at 5ft Depth

Flow Phase

70% Efficiency

Dish Wash 6 Gal/Day

Winter Sun Path Study

Solar Radiation at 2ft DepthTidal

(77 cells, 364 units)

Cooking 2 Gal/Meal

Winter Sun Path Study

Fall 2016 Third Year

Indoors, outdoors

Solar Radiation at 4

Yang Gao

Solar Radiation at 3ft Depth

50% Efficiency

(106 cells, 335 units)

Overlay

Summer Sun Path Study

Overlay

Winter Sun Path Study

Variations of 50 sq ft. Cells

Cell Expansions and Recipro Outdoors

Horizontal Subsurface Flow

Assuming three per family: Two Bedrooms One Livingroom

One Kitchen A 5x5 Cell Grid Representing Small Neighborhood

Solar Radiation at 5ft Depth

Solar Radiation at 4ft Depth Solar Radiation at 3ft Depth

Added Strings Showing Relationship between Neighboring Blocks

Solar Radiation at 2

Three people would need 150 sq ft of living machine cells.

In these exercises we are imagining the cells as city blocks or plots of land, with different housing units. As the neighborhood grows, the demand and supply of processed water shifts according to the equilibrium shown in the animation. A block of four houses can only supply one household, while a block of one house can supply four. The flow of Overlay water is shown in the model as Winter colored strings, Sun Path Study with red meaning “Giving”, green meaning “Taking”, blue representing a neutral relationship. Vertical Flow

100% Efficiency

Indoors Swamp Dogwood Swamp Dogwood Full Sun Full Sun

Water LilyWater Lily 4-6h Direct 4-6h Sun Direct Sun Aquatic Roots Aquatic Roots

(56 cells, 385 units) Cattail Cattail Full Sun Full Sun

Algae Algae Low Indirect LowSun Indirect Sun ConsumeConsume CO2 CO2

Fall 2016 Third Year

Yang Gao

Fall 2016 Third Year

Yang Gao

70%

(77 c


Reimagining the Nakagin Towers within the living machine landscape. Reflecting on the need for minimal living when all of the resources have been depleted.


Assuming three per family:

Pet Daycare/Veterinarian

Two Bedrooms One Livingroom One Kitchen

Church

Fire Station

Pet Daycare/Veterinarian

Gym/Recreational Center

Gym/Recreational Center Clinic

Parklet

Youth Organization

Parklet School

Low Density Residential Indoors

Incorporate with Nakagin

Cell 3 + Cell 2 5 Houses 1800 sqft, 6075 Gallons/ Day 750 sqft. Living Machines 1 living machine = 10 house Cell 3 Cell 2

Cell 3 + Cell 0 3 House 900 sqft. Living Machines Cell 3 Cell 0

Cell 3 + Cell 1 4 Houses 900 sqft. Living Machines Cell 3 Cell 1

Cell 4 + Cell 3 7 Houses 450 sqft. Living Machines Neutral

70% Efficiency

50% Efficiency

(77 cells, 364 units)

(106 cells, 335 units)

BioFilter

(1200 sqft/cell)

Living Machine

Living Machines as Flooding Control

Solar Radiation at 2ft Depth

Solar Radiation at 4ft Depth Winter Sun Path Study

Solar Radiation at 4ft Depth

Solar Radiation at 5ft Depth

Solar Radiation at

Solar Radiation at 2ft Depth

Winter Sun Path Study

Solar Radiation at 4ft Depth

Solar Radiation at 5ft Depth

Solar Radiation at 5ft Depth

Winter Sun Path Study

Cell Expansions and Reciprocal Relationships

Roots (2Aquatic adjacent cell)

Summer Sun Path Study

Solar Radiation at 3ft Depth

Consume Decaying Plants (1 adjacent cell)

Snails LM Cover Range 1 Sun Low Indirect

Canna Lily 6-8h Direct Sun Aquatic Roots

LM Taro Cover Range 2 Partial Indirect Sun

Summer Sun Path Study

Dwarf Banana Partial Indirect Sun Aquatic Roots

Algae Low Indirect Sun Consume CO2

Added Strings Showing Relationship between Neighboring Blocks

Glass

Canna Lily Canna Lily 6-8h Direct 6-8h Sun Direct Sun Aquatic Roots Aquatic Roots Taro Taro Algae Algae Partial Indirect PartialSun Indirect Sun Indirect LowLow Indirect Sun Sun Aquatic Roots Aquatic Roots Consume Consume CO2CO2

Indoors

Water LilyWater Lily 4-6h Direct 4-6h Sun Direct Sun Aquatic Roots Aquatic Roots

Snails Snails Indirect LowLow Indirect Sun Sun Consume Decaying Plants Consume Decaying Plants

Canna Canna Lily Lily Direct 6-8h6-8h Direct Sun Sun Aquatic Roots Aquatic Snails Roots Cattail Low Indirect Sun Full Sun Consume Decaying Plants TaroTaro Partial Indirect Partial Indirect Sun Sun Aquatic Roots Aquatic Roots Canna Lily 6-8h DirectWater Sun Lily Aquatic Roots 4-6h Direct Sun Aquatic Roots Dwarf Banana Dwarf Banana Partial Indirect Partial Indirect Sun Sun Aquatic Roots Aquatic Snails TaroRoots Swamp Low Indirect Sun Partial IndirectDogwood Sun FullRoots Sun Consume Decaying Plants Aquatic

Winter Sun Path Study

Added S

In these exercises we are imagining the cells as city blocks or plots of land, with different housing un ter shifts according to the equilibrium shown in the animation. A block of four houses can only suppl water is shown in the model as colored strings, with red meaning “Giving”, green meaning “Taking”

Overlay

Solar R

Solar Radiation at

Overlay

n at 4ft Depth

Summer Sun Path Study

A 5x5 Cell Grid Representing Small Neighborhood

pth

Solar Radiation at 2ft Depth

Cell 2 + Cell 1 3 Houses 1050 sqft. Living Machines Neutral

pth

Solar Radiation at 4ft Depth Solar Radiation at 3ft Depth

Flow

Cell Expansions and Reciprocal Relationships

n of Natural Wetland

Living Machines as Flooding Control Overlay

Cell 2 + Cell 0 2 House 1050 sqft. Living Machines Neutral

Summer Sun Path Study Snails Low Indirect Sun Consume Decaying Plants

Solar Radiation at 2ft Depth

Living Machines as Landslide Control

BioFilter

Solar Radiation at 4ft Depth Solar Radiation at 3ft Depth

In these exercises we are imagining the cells as city blocks or plots of land, with different housing units. As the neighborhood grows, the demand and supply of processed water shifts according to the equilibrium shown in the animation. A block of four houses can only supply one household, while a block of one house can supply four. The flow of water is shown in the model as colored strings, with red meaning “Giving”, green meaning “Taking”, blue representing a neutral relationship.

Solar Radiation at 5ft Depth

Summer Sun Path Study

A 5x5 Cell Grid Representing Small Neighborhood

(2 adjacent cell)

Winter Sun Path Study

Algae Canna Dwarf Lily Banana Low Indirect Sun 6-8h Direct PartialSun Indirect Sun Consume Aquatic CO2 Aquatic Roots Roots

Solar Radiation at 4ft Depth

LM Cover Range 2

Solar Radiation at 5ft Depth

l Indirect Sun tic Roots

Incorporate with Nakagin

Summer Sun Path Study

Cell 3 + Cell 0 3 House 900 sqft. Living Machines Cell 3 Cell 0

Snails Low Indirect Sun Consume Decaying Plants

ical Flow

Canna Lily 6-8h Direct Sun Aquatic Roots

Cell 2 + Cell 0 2 House 1050 sqft. Living Machines Neutral

Taro Partial Indirect Sun Aquatic Roots

rson ater

Dwarf Banana Partial Indirect Sun Aquatic Roots

(1 adjacent cell)

Snails Low Indirect Sun Consume Decaying Plants

LM Cover Range 1

ACCESSIBILITY

Glass

Living Machines as Landslide Control Canna Lily 6-8h Direct Sun Aquatic Roots

Incorporate with Nakagin

50% Efficiency

(106 cells, 335 units)

Dwarf Banana Cattail Dwarf Banana Cattail Partial Indirect PartialSun Indirect Sun Full Full Sun Sun Aquatic Roots Aquatic Roots Algae Low Indirect Sun Consume CO2

Added Strings Showing Relationship between Neighboring Blocks

In these exercises we are imagining the cells as city blocks or plots of land, with different housing units. As the neighborhood grows, the demand and supply of processed water shifts according to the equilibrium shown in the animation. A block of four houses can only supply one household, while a block of one house can supply four. The flow of water is shown in the model as colored strings, with red meaning “Giving”, green meaning “Taking”, blue representing a neutral relationship.

Taro Partial Indirect Sun Aquatic Roots

Dish Washing (hand) 2 Gal/Min

4800 sqft, 176 Gallons/Day 2400 Gallons W

100% Efficiency

Water Water Lily Lily Direct 4-6h4-6h Direct Sun Sun Aquatic Roots Aquatic Roots Cattail Full Sun

Algae Low Indirect Sun Consume CO2

Cell 4 + Cell 0 4 Houses 750 sqft. Living Machines Cell 4 Cell 0

Snails Snails Indirect LowLow Indirect Sun Sun Consume Decaying Plants Consume Decaying Plants

Cell 4 + Cell 3 7 Houses 450 sqft. Living Machines Neutral

A 5x5 Cell Grid Representing Small Neighborhood

Canna Canna Lily Lily Direct 6-8h6-8h Direct Sun Sun Aquatic Roots Aquatic Snails Roots Cattail Low Indirect Sun Full Sun Consume Decaying Plants

Cell 3 + Cell 1 4 Houses 900 sqft. Living Machines Cell 3 Cell 1

TaroTaro Partial Indirect Partial Indirect Sun Sun Aquatic Roots Aquatic Roots Canna Lily 6-8h DirectWater Sun Lily Aquatic Roots 4-6h Direct Sun Aquatic Roots

zontal Subsurface Flow

Dwarf Banana Dwarf Banana Partial Indirect Partial Indirect Sun Sun Aquatic Roots Aquatic TaroRoots Snails Swamp Partial IndirectDogwood Sun Low Indirect Sun FullRoots Sun Aquatic Consume Decaying Plants

6% (40G)

Algae Canna Dwarf Lily Banana Low Indirect Sun 6-8h Direct PartialSun Indirect Sun Consume Aquatic CO2 Aquatic Roots Roots

Swamp Dogwood Swamp Dogwood Full Sun Full Sun

(1200 sqft/cell)

Vacant Cattail Taro Full Sun Partial Indirect Sun Aquatic Roots

Snails Snails Low Indirect LowSun Indirect Sun ConsumeConsume Decaying Decaying Plants Plants

Cell 2 + Cell 4 6 Houses 600 sqft. Living Machines Cell 2 Cell 4

Hotel Other

50% Efficiency

(106 cells, 335 units)

Banana Water Dwarf Lily Partial Indirect Sun 4-6h Direct Sun Aquatic Aquatic Roots Roots

Canna Lily Canna Lily 6-8h Direct 6-8h Sun Direct Sun Aquatic Roots Aquatic Roots

Cell 3 + Cell 2 5 Houses 750 sqft. Living Machines Cell 3 Cell 2

Office

Warehouse/Supply

Cell 2 + Cell 1 3 Houses 1050 sqft. Living Machines Neutral

Taro Taro Algae Algae Partial Indirect PartialSun Indirect Sun Indirect LowLow Indirect Sun Sun Aquatic Roots Aquatic Roots Consume Consume CO2CO2

Outdoors

Cell 4 4 Houses 150 sqft. Living Machines 0 Output 4 Inputs

Full Sun

Living Machine

Dwarf Banana Cattail Dwarf Banana Cattail Partial Indirect PartialSun Indirect Sun Full Full Sun Sun Aquatic Roots Aquatic Roots Algae Low Indirect Sun Consume CO2

Water Water Lily Lily Direct 4-6h4-6h Direct Sun Sun Aquatic Roots Aquatic Roots Cattail

70% Efficiency

(77 cells, 364 units)

Cell 3 3 Houses 300 sqft. Living Machines 1 Output 3 Inputs

Algae Water Lily Low Indirect 4-6hSun Direct Sun ConsumeAquatic CO2 Roots

Cell 0 0 House 600 sqft. Living Machines 4 Outputs 0 Input

Swamp Dogwood Swamp Dogwood Full Full Sun Sun Cattail Swamp Dogwood Full Sun Full Sun

100% Efficiency

(56 cells, 385 units)

Cell 2 2 Houses 450 sqft. Living Machines 3 Outputs 1 Input

Indoors, outdoors

Low Density Commerical

Cell 1 + Cell 4 5 Houses 750 sqft. Living Machines Cell 1 Cell 4

5 Houses

750 sqft. Living Machines Low Density Residential Cell 1 Cell 4

High Density Residential

Water Lily 4-6h Direct Sun Aquatic Roots

Cattail Cattail Full Sun Full Sun

Vacant Cell 1 + Cell 4

Cell 4 + Cell 0 4 Houses 750 sqft. Living Machines Cell 4 Cell 0

Cell 1 1 House 600 sqft. Living Machines 4 Outputs 0 Input

Cell 4 + Cell 3 7 Houses 450 sqft. Living Machines Neutral

Swamp Dogwood Swamp Dogwood Full Full Sun Sun

Hotel Cell 3 + Cell 1 4 Houses 900 sqft. Living Machines Cell 3 Cell 1

Dish Washer 6 Gal/Day

(56 cells, 385 units)

Other Cell 3 + Cell 0 3 House 900 sqft. Living Machines Cell 3 Cell 0

Cooking 2 Gal/Meal

Algae Algae Low Indirect LowSun Indirect Sun ConsumeConsume CO2 CO2

Algae Water Lily Low Indirect 4-6hSun Direct Sun ConsumeAquatic CO2 Roots

Office

Warehouse/Supply

Cattail Swamp Dogwood Full Sun Full Sun

Cattail Cattail Full Sun Full Sun

Water LilyWater Lily 4-6h Direct 4-6h Sun Direct Sun Aquatic Roots Aquatic Roots

ter Lily h Direct Sun uatic Roots

Youth Organization

Swamp Dogwood Swamp Dogwood Full Sun Full Sun

Swamp Dogwood Full Sun

Drin

Toilet 1.6 Gal/Flush

High Density Residential

Low Density Commerical

Summer Sun Path Study

70% Efficiency

(77 cells, 364 units)

100% Efficiency

Library

School

Vertical Flow

Washi

Hygiene 2.6% ( Dishes 32.2% (210G)

with Nakagin

Cell 2 + Cell 4 6 Houses 600 sqft. Living Machines Cell 2 Cell 4

(56 cells, 385 units)

Three people would need 150 sq ft of living machine cells.

Clinic

Library

Cell 3 + Cell 2 5 Houses 750 sqft. Living Machines Cell 3 Cell 2

Algae Algae Low Indirect LowSun Indirect Sun ConsumeConsume CO2 CO2

Nakagin Capsule: serves 1 person Toilet 100 ft. 1.6 sq Gal/Flush

Shower 2 Gal/Min Cell 2 + Cell 1 3 Houses 1050 sqft. Living Machines Neutral

Variations of 50 sq ft. Cells

Fire Station

Arts & Crafts

Cell 2 + Cell 0 2 House 1050 sqft. Living Machines Neutral

Toilet 25.7 Shower 32.2% (210G)

1800 sqft, 6075 Gallons/ Day 1 living machine = 10 house

Snails Snails Low Indirect LowSun Indirect Sun ConsumeConsume Decaying Decaying Plants Plants

Opera

Three people would need 150 sq ft of living machine cells.

150 sqft. Living Machines

Church Outdoors

Rail 0 Station Output 4 Inputs

Two Bedrooms One Livingroom One Kitchen

Assuming three per family:

Cell 4 Arts & Crafts

Drinking 1% (7G)

ZONING

Variations of 50 sq ft. Cells

Opera 4 Houses Museum

Hygiene 2.6% (17.5G)

1800 sqft, 6075 Gallons/ Day 1 living machine = 10 house

Summer S

50% Ef

(106 cell

Dish Washing (hand) 2 Gal/Min Dish Washer 6 Gal/Day

Brush 1 Gal/Min

Living Machine Cell: serves 1 person Cooking 50 sq ft. above 2ground Gal/Meal

Rail Station

Dishes 32.2% (210G)

50 sq ft

Depth

1800 sqft, 1 living m

4

Shower 32.2% (2

Shaving 1 Gal/Day Washing Hand 1 Gal/Day

MASSING

Horizontal Subsurface Flow

Museum

Cell 3 3 Houses 300 sqft. Living Machines 1 Output 3 Inputs

Drinking 1% (7G)

4800 sqft, 176 Gallons/Day per Person 2400 Gallons Waste Water

Indoors, outdoors

Cell 2 2 Houses 450 sqft. Living Machines 3 Outputs 1 Input

shing (hand) in

4800 sqft, 176 Gallons/Day per Person 2400 Gallons Waste Water

Dish Washing (hand) 2 Gal/Min

(toward the site)

Cell 1 1 House 600 sqft. Living Machines 4 Outputs 0 Input

Cell 2 2 Houses Washer 25 Gal/Load 450 sqft. Living Machines 3 Outputs 1 Input

Shaving 1 Gal/Day

Hygiene 2.6% (17.5G)

Pedestrian Access

Cell 0 0 House 600 sqft. Living Machines 4 Outputs 0 Input

Cell 1 1 House Washing Hand 6001 Gal/Day sqft. Living Machines 4 Outputs 0 Input

Dishes 32.2% (210G)

(1200 sqft/cell)

Washing Machine 6% (40G)

Dish Washer 6 Gal/Day

Shower 2 Gal/Min Washing Machine 6% (40G)

Living Machine

t. Cells

Living Machine Cell: serves 1 person Cooking 50 sq ft. above 2ground Gal/Meal

Cell 0 0 House Brush 1 Gal/Min 600 sqft. Living Machines 4 Outputs 0 Input

Toilet 25.7% (168G) Shower 32.2% (210G)

(1 adjacent cell)

Toilet 25.7% (168G) Shower 32.2% (210G)

(bordering the site) Pedestrian Access

Washer 25 Gal/Load

(toward the site)

Washer 25 Gal/Load

ay

(bordering the site)

Shaving 1 Gal/Day

LM Cover Range 1

Tidal Flow

Heavy Traffic Routes

Heavy Traffic Routes

Nakagin Capsule: serves 1 person Toilet 100 ft. 1.6 sq Gal/Flush

Washing Hand 1 Gal/Day

(2 adjacent cell)

Section of Natural Wetland

Brush 1 Gal/Min

LM Cover Range 2

ll: n ound

Shower 2 Gal/Min


DAYTIME BRUNSWICK ACTIVITY This illustration diagrams the daytime programmatic activities of the neighborhood near Brunswick Centre in London. Brunswick Centre is a mixed-use development built in the mid-1960’s. The core of the develvopment houses the stores, shops, and restaurants while the residential units gather along the upper floors as well as the development exterior. The colors within the diagram represent different programmatic elements and the intensity of the color demonstrates the impact of that space within the neighborhood. Traffic is also represented here to recognize the relationship between the busy streets and the main commercial area. In addition, sunlight analysis was conducted to extrapolate potential outdoor opportunities for the neighborhood.


ALMERIA ROUTE PROPOSAL Almeria is a city on the southern edge of Spain. The city’s primary income comes from the plastic greenhouse landscapes surrounding the city that grow and support a major part of entire Europe’s produce market. Data have shown growing tourism in the city, and the Port Authority of Almeria requested for plans on potential improvements to the city’s seaside. Based on initial research and site visiting, two parts of the seaside appears to be important anchors of the city’s, the beach and the passenger terminal. From the two nodes identified, shortest paths were drawn from the beach and the terminal toward the active programs within the city. Café, restaurant, markets, bars, and other tourism programs were chosen due to their influence on the city’s streetscapes. The paths overlay to reveal potential routes that people can use for efficient circulation. After the initial circulation study, routes were analyzed based on its quality (vegetation, proximity to activity, wide sidewalk, etc.). The combined information reveals locations where efficient paths could be achieved but is not yet populated with activity, situating the project within these areas.

TOURISM CAFE

PASSENGER ROUTE

RESTAURANT GROCERY

BEACH ROUTE

HIGH QUALITY PEDESTRIAN ROUTES

PROPOSED ROUTE

ALMERIA ACTIVE ROUTE PROPOSAL

Portfolio_2018Summer  
Portfolio_2018Summer  
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