Page 101

88 Testimonia say that nature moves by way of locomotion (for movement by means of the void is motion in space), and none of the other sorts of change applies to the primary things, but to the things which are composed of them; for they grow, decay, and alter through the joining together and separation of the atomic bodies. b. SIMPLICIUS Commentary on the above 1318.33-1319.5 That is to say, the natural, primary, atomic bodies; for those are what they called 'nature/ and said that they were moved by their weight through the void, which yielded and offered no resistance, and so they moved in space. For they said that they 'are scattered about/ 79 This is not merely the primary, but the only kind of change which they ascribe to the elements. The other kinds they ascribe to the things formed from the elements; for they say that they grow and decay and alter and come to be and pass away through the joining and separation of the primary bodies. 60. a. Ps-PLUTARCH Epitome 1.3.18 [= AETIUS 1.3.18] Democritus said that there were two [sc. primary properties of atoms], size and shape, but Epicurus added a third, weight; for it is necessary, he said, for the bodies to be moved by the blow of weight. b. STOBAEUS I.14.1f [= AETIUS 1.12.6] Democritus said that the primary bodies (those were the solids) had no weight, but were moved by mutual impact in the void. And he said that it was possible for an atom to be as big as a world. c. Ps-PLUTARCH Epitome 1.23.3 [= AETIUS 1.23.3] Democritus said that one kind of motion was vibration. d. SIMPLICIUS Commentary on Physics 42.10 Democritus said that the atoms are by nature immobile and are moved by a blow. e. CICERO De Fato 20.46 The atom swerves, he [i.e., Epicurus] says. Why, first of all? For they had another principle of motion, impact, according to Democritus (which he calls a blow), and according to you, Epicurus, weight. [Cf. EUSEBIUS Praeparatio Evangelica XIV.14.5.] 61. a. ARISTOTLE De Caelo 277bl-5 Nor is their motion up or down caused by some other body, nor violent, as some say when they attribute it to being squeezed out. For a larger amount of fire would travel more slowly upwards and a larger amount of earth more 79 Reading with DK pcripalassesthai for the mss. peripalaisesthai. McDiarmid's suggestion periplekesthai 'interlock' (McDiarmid 34) does not give the required sense. See notes on 54b and on 113 (66).

The Atomists -- Leucippus and Democritus  

MACEDONIA is GREECE and will always be GREECE- (if they are desperate to steal a name, Monkeydonkeys suits them just fine) ΦΕΚ,ΚΚΕ,ΚΝΕ,ΚΟΜΜ...

The Atomists -- Leucippus and Democritus  

MACEDONIA is GREECE and will always be GREECE- (if they are desperate to steal a name, Monkeydonkeys suits them just fine) ΦΕΚ,ΚΚΕ,ΚΝΕ,ΚΟΜΜ...

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