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YANCHI ZHOU Interior Architecture & Design


COPYRIGHT @ 2019 YANCHI ZHOU All rights reserved. No part of this book may be used or reproduced in any manner without the written permission of Yanchi Zhou. YANCHI ZHOU PHONE / +1 415-940-4230 EMAIL / yanchizhou92@gmail.com WEBSITE / www.yanchizhou.com ACADEMY OF ART UNIVERSITY 601 Brannan Street San Francisco, CA 94107 DIRECTOR / Archana Myer INSTRUCTOR / Leonarda Tamayo COURSE / Portfolio Preparation PAPER / IH Studios #80-Text-Silk TYPEFACE / Century Gothic, Romantic SOFTWARE / Adobe Suite PHOTOGRAPHY / Yanchi Zhou, Google images PRINTER / IH Studios 582 Market St #100 San Francisco, CA 94104 BINDERY / IH Studios 582 Market St #100 San Francisco, CA 94104


We as interior designers should design for people and be responsible for improving people’s life quality.

About Yanchi Zhou Based in the San Francisco Bay Area and graduated from the Academy of Art University in 2019, Yanchi Zhou is confidently stepping into the interior architecture design industry. Yanchi Zhou was in the field of Financial Economics after he graduated from the University of San Francisco. However, the enthusiasm and the strong desire for helping people and designing for human beings drove him to change his career to the interior architecture design. Inspired by Takafumi Honma and a series of Japanese architects and designers, he practiced his design thoughts in the school and settled his design goal and serving target. The core of his design should always be the users of spaces, and the smiling faces of the space users will always be his goal of design and the best praise. This portfolio illustrates his school work and his road towards professionalism. It shows his thoughts about how interior designs can help people, how the interior space can convey certain meaning to people, and how designs can affect our planet.


6

Social Design Senior Living Center Renovation

TA BL EO FC ON TE NT S

28

Commercial Design Multi-functional Market Hall Renovation


Sustainable Design A Conceptual Design of Beijing Courtyard House

46

Other Works 64

A Collection of Other Artworks


SOCIAL DESIGN

1


Client Information The client is a nonprofit group which has purchased an existing two-story office building with 10,874sq. ft. gross. The group would like to renovate this building into a senior living center with 8 single residential units or 6 single residential units + 2 double residential units.

Site Information The site is located in San Francisco Chinatown, which is a highly culturized area with busy streets and high walkability.

1

Project Summary This project is to renovate an existing building into an 8 units senior living center for seniors who need assisted living.


Site History Research

History The place was called Ping Yuen, which was used to be a landmark public housing project intending to serve Asian American families according to the Chinatown Community Development Center. The property connected with North Ping Yuen two blocks away, which once formed a community but struggled with underfunded management. It became a place disconnected to the city services and supports by the late 1970s. In 2014, the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) of San Francisco chose this area running the Rental Assistance Demonstration (RAD) program to preserve and improve public housing and transform Ping Yuen now to a newly developed apartment of 234 units. (Ping Yuen)

Social Design - Nest Senior Living Center

How History Affects Design Historical problems make the area into a highdensity and aged district, which can be a problem for other kinds of building, but it is a great opportunity to build the senior living center here. It can be a great support to the community in this area because the senior living center can provide good service to help seniors live easier. Since the location is inside of a lively community where people can hang around, chat, and play musical instruments, people who live in this center can still have great fun.   


Site Photos and Views

Site Address

655 Pacific Ave. San Francisco, CA 94133

  









8

9


Site Analysis

Problems found during site view • Noises coming from the west and east side • Lack of direct natural view • Some fouls smell existing on Beckett St. • Significant Chinese cultural neighborhood • Below average Education level • Large aging population Preliminary Design Needs • Locate the Entrance on Pacific Ave • Plant trees on the east and west side of the building • Design garden inside of the living center • Design light well or apply skylights for the north side • Apply Chinese cultural elements inside of the design • Add the Chinese language for sign, logo or detail design

  

Social Design - Nest Senior Living Center

      


Concept Development

Concept Mood Board

Concept Statement This design of the senior living center will utilize gentle and natural material, modern technology, and flexible design to create a barrier-free, personalized and contemporary home feeling environment for residents. This design will focus on protecting residents’ safety, dignity, and personality, as well as providing comprehensive care of every detailed aspect. What (are the main points of design?) -Protect the resident’s dignity -Offer adjustable design -Create community areas and social opportunity -Create a contemporary home feeling -Respect cultural diversity -Create space without barrier Who (will use this space?) -Residents -Manager, nurse, cleaning staff, guards

  

How (shall the goals be reached?) -(Mobility) Use adjustable furniture and flexible design to ensure everyone can almost have full accessibility. -(Vision) Use high contrast color to indicate a dangerous zone. -(Vision) Apply higher color saturation than what we satisfy with. -(Auditory/Vision) Apply multiple kinds of signals for notification, including vibration -(Touch) Apply higher fiction material. -(Identity) Use specific design or specific color to identify each person. -(Safety) Use sustainable, non-toxic material, especially wood, and soft fabrics to generate a soft and gentle feeling. -(Social Requirement) Reserve space for seats along hallways. -(Dementia Care) Try to design round hallways -(Dementia Care) Use a fish tank near the dining area.

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Branding Development

Feather Special and Gentle Care

NEST SENIOR LIVING CENTER

Symbolic of Chinese Character People/Human Protect Dignity

Symbolic of Chinese Style Roof Emphasize Chinese Culture Stable and Safe

Social Design - Nest Senior Living Center

Symbolic of Seniors Indicator of Senior Facility

羽巢 養老中心

   


Adjacency Matrix

UA

TU

RE FO O G

&

TA

S

HT

ES

C

LIG

C

L

A

RA

IC

G

Y

N

C

BI

A

BL

A

SQ

N

PU

IV

UM

PR

PL

FIRST FLOOR ADJACENCY MATRIX

E

VI EW

LEGEND

NO

NO

H

YES

200

LOBBY W/ SEATING (4)

NO

NO

H

YES

300

EXERCISE AREA

NO

M

M

YES

600

COMMUNITY ROOM

NO

M

M

YES

300

STAFF OFFICE

NO

L

L

NO

33

MECHANICAL CLOSET

NO

L

L

NO

45

TELECOM CLOSET

YES

H

M

NO

158

RESTROOM (F)

H = HIGH

YES

H

M

NO

152

RESTROOM (M)

M = MEDIUM

YES

H

L

NO

45

JANITOR’S CLOSET

YES

H

L

YES

820

SWEET SUITE

YES

H

L

YES

410

STUDIO (2)

MUST SHOULD WOULD BE NICE NO ADJACENCY

L = LOW

TOTAL AREA (GROSS):

5437

TOTAL SQ. FT. NEEDED:

3473

SECOND FLOOR ADJACENCY MATRIX

UA

TU

RE FO G

&

TA

HT

O

LIG

S

ES

C

C

L

A

RA

IC

G

Y

N

C

BI

A

BL

A

SQ

N

PU

IV

UM

PR

PL

SHOULD WOULD BE NICE NO ADJACENCY

EW

MUST

E

VI

LEGEND

In general, Restroom will have a major adjacency to janitor’s closets because of the plumbing and convenience. On the fi rst fl oor, the community room will have a major adjacency with the entrance, so that if there is any event holding, it will provide the easiest access. Since an atrium will be designed, the exercise area will become an open space connecting the public area and private area. On the second fl oor, the library will be on the north side to enjoy the steady natural light with a secondary connection to the dining area, so people can enjoy reading while having snacks, which also provide more social opportunities.

NO

L

H

YES

300

LIBRARY

NO

NO

H

YES

500

DINING AREA

YES

H

L

YES

250

KITCHEN (DINING)

NO

H

L

NO

45

TELECOM CLOSET

MIN. SQ. FT (REQUIRED D)

FUNCTION OF SPACE

OCCUPANT LOAD FACTOR

OCCUPANCY

ENTRANCE

SPA ACE

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

COMMUNITY ROOM

600

Assembly Without Fixed Seats (unconcentrated)

15 Net

40

EXERCISE ROOM

300

Exercise Rooms

50 Gross

6

Assembly Without Fixed Seats (unconcentrated)

15 Net

34 2

YES

H

M

YES

65

RESTROOM

NO

M

M

YES

150

NURSE’S OFFICE

DINING ROOM

500

YES

H

L

YES

410

STUDIO (4)

KITCHEN LIBRARY & READING ROOM NURSE'S OFFICE

250

Kitchen Commercial

200 Gross

300

Library Reading Rooms

50 Net

6

150

Business Area

100 Gross

2

STAFF OFFICE

300

Business Area

100 Gross

3

STUDIO

410

Residential

200 Gross

2

SWEET SUITE

820

Residential

200 Gross

5

TELECOM CLOSET

45

Accessory Storage Areas

300 Gross

1

MECHANICAL ROOM

33

Accessory Storage Areas

300 Gross

1

JANITOR'S CLOSET

N/A

Accessory Storage Areas

300 Gross

1

RESTROOM

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

H = HIGH M = MEDIUM L = LOW

TOTAL AREA (GROSS):

5437

TOTAL SQ. FT. NEEDED:

2950

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Social Design - Nest Senior Living Center

Bubble Diagrams

Option 1 Option 2 Option 3


Option 4

Option 5

Pros & Cons Option 1 All the living areas are placed on the second floor, so the administration of the seniors can be easier than laying them on separate floors. However, on the fi rst floor, space will not be open enough relatively. Option 2 Splitting apartments on each floor at the south can ensure every senior resident having great natural lights and stronger privacy. Option 3 To practice option 1 more and make the floor plan stronger, the fi rst floor was rearranged to keep the central part more clear practical. Moving the library to the second floor makes the whole second floor relatively quiet. Option 4 To practice option 2 more and make the floor plan feel like a home more, the dining room was relocated on the fi rst floor to provide convenience for residents when they get home. Option 5 An open atrium is created in the center of the building to provide more natural light and create an open feeling. Arrangement of each room is referred to option 2.

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1st Floor - Floor Plan







The fi rst floor features a central atrium for exercising, with natural light coming from the open roof. It not only makes the space more welcome but also lights up space more and it imitates the shape of a nest. While people stand in the center of the atrium, they will feel the same way as a bird standing inside of its nest, which generates the feeling of belonging. It also links the private space to the public space, which performs as an intermediate or a buffer zone for seniors.



$ ROOM 101 ENTRANCE & WAITING AREA

ROOM 104 COMMUNITY ROOM ROOM 106 MECHANICAL ROOM ROOM 107

ROOM 105

ROOM 103

TELECOM CLOSET

JANITOR’S CLOSET

EXERCISE AREA

%

ROOM 102 STAFF OFFICE

83

83

ROOM 108

ROOM 109

WOMEN’S RESTROOM

MEN’S RESTROOM

Social Design - Nest Senior Living Center

&

ROOM 110

ROOM 111

ROOM 112

DOUBLE UNIT

SINGLE UNIT

SINGLE UNIT

N

'


2nd Floor - Floor Plan









$

On the second floor, there will be a big area open to below. Since an open ceiling uses for more natural lights coming into space, the design of the public space on the second floor is around the opening. The second floor will be much quieter than the fi rst floor, so a reading library and dining area are nice to be arranged on the second floor.

ROOM 202 LIBRARY

ROOM 203 DINING AREA ROOM 204 KITCHEN

%

OPEN TO BELOW

83

83 '1

'1

ROOM 205 ROOM 201

RESTROOM

NURSING STATION

&

ROOM 206 DOUBLE UNIT ROOM 207

ROOM 208

SINGLE UNIT

SINGLE UNIT

N

' 16

17


1st Floor - RCP





 宄宆宒官宖宗完宆季宆守完宏完宑宊季孵宛孵季它季孼尋孰孹尉季宄安安

At the entrance, a hollowed ceiling is made into a feather wing shape with recessed lighting to indicate the edges. It creates the feeling of a 宏守宊守宑宇 landing zone on the tree. When walking further, a circle of recessed lights defines the atrium’s edge, 宓宄宑宇宄宑宗季宏完宊宋宗 which emblems the keyword of the concept, Nest.



宊宜宓孱季宆守完宏完宑宊季它季孼尋孰孹尉季宄安安 宊宜宓孱季宆守完宏完宑宊季它季孴孳尋孰孹尉季宄安安

$

宕守宆守宖宖守宇季宏完宊宋宗

SA

孧孧 孧

宓守宑宇宄宑宗季宏完宊宋宗季孫官宓季宏完宊宋宗完宑宊孬 宏守宇季宖宗宕完宓宖

SA

孧孧

宆守完宏完宑宊季宐宒官宑宗守宇季宏完宊宋宗 定宄宏宏季宐宒官宑宗守宇季宏完宊宋宗

% SA 孧 家宵

孵宛孵季宕守宆守宖宖守宇季宏守宇季宏完宊宋宗

孧 家宵

宖定完宗宆宋

PANDANT LIGHT

家宵

RECESSED LIGHT

宐宒宗完宒宑季宖守宑宖宒宕季宖定完宗宆宋

PENDANT LIGHT (UP LIGHTING)

SA LED STRIPS

家宵

家宵

&

家宵

CEILING MOUNTED LIGHT

TRACK LIGHT

WALL MOUNTED LIGHT

2X2 RECESSED LED LIGHT

'

SA

SA

Social Design - Nest Senior Living Center

SA

$

$ sr

SA

SWITCH

MOTION SENSOR SWITCH

SMOKE ALARM

SPRINKLER

WALL-MTD EXIT SIGN

N


2nd Floor - RCP







On the second floor, the dining area ceiling is designed referring to the feather shape of California Quail. It provides spread-out indirect lighting and emblems the keyword, Feather.



$

宏守宊守宑宇 SA

宓宄宑宇宄宑宗季宏完宊宋宗

孧孧

宕守宆守宖宖守宇季宏完宊宋宗 孧

孧孧

宏守宇季宖宗宕完宓宖 孧孧 孧

宆守完宏完宑宊季宐宒官宑宗守宇季宏完宊宋宗

%

定宄宏宏季宐宒官宑宗守宇季宏完宊宋宗

宖定完宗宆宋

家宵

SA

家宵

宐宒宗完宒宑季宖守宑宖宒宕季宖定完宗宆宋 PANDANT LIGHT

RECESSED LIGHT 家宵

家宵

&

家宵

孧 LED STRIPS

WALL MOUNTED LIGHT

CEILING MOUNTED LIGHT

TRACK LIGHT

SA 孧

'

SA

SA

$ $sr SA

SWITCH

MOTION SENSOR SWITCH

SMOKE ALARM

N

SPRINKLER

WALL-MTD EXIT SIGN

18

19


Social Design - Nest Senior Living Center

Sketches & Idea Development


20

21


Entrance

Social Design - Nest Senior Living Center

The whole image of the area is defined as a platform of landing for birds, which can also be interpreted as the entrance of the Nest. At there, a green wall is set against the seating area to provide an eye relieve as well as to make a connection to the exterior environment. Entrance ceiling is hollowed gypsum board with indirect lighting mimicking the shape of bird wings and serves as wayfinding as well.


Community Room

The community room can be arranged based on its usage. It can turn into a mini movie theater or a concert room for entertainment. If there is any meeting needs to hold, it can turn to be a conference room as well. Wood materials and carpets are applied to absorb the echoes and provide a natural feeling.

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23


Library

Social Design - Nest Senior Living Center

Curved seats are oriented different sides to provide connecting feeling without obstructing personal reading time. Task lightings are above the seats to provide more lights for reading. With closer to cold color palette, the room will keep seniors calm and relax.


Dining Area

With an interesting shape on the ceiling to continue the rhythm of the wood nest, the design mimics the feather of California Quail to provide a dynamic lighting environment for dining to compensate the lack of view from the window. The differences on the ceiling also differentiate the dining area from other areas.

24

25


Residential Units

Social Design - Nest Senior Living Center

Residential units are arranged very open with ADA compliant. The design shows a suggestion of how the interior can be designed with a light natural color and material to indicate the light and comfortable feeling. Only lighting fi xtures and small hardware are applied metal material to ensure durability, but all other furniture and finishes are used natural or soft materials to provide a sense of comforts.


Finish Selections

Name: PLISSÉ (WDPL1501) Type: Wallpaper Manufacturer: Wall&Deco Location: Living Room

Name: VAGO (17120EWC) Manufacturer: Wall&Deco Type: Wallpaper Location: Bedroom

Name: ELISIR (WDEL1801) Manufacturer: Wall&Deco Type: Curtain Location: Whole Unit

Name: ARTISAN - QUARTZ Manufacturer: BOLON Type: Carpet Location: Bedroom

Name: SA414 TRIBRIDGE Color: 00247 IVY LEAGUE Manufacturer: Shaw Floors Type: Hardwood Floor Location: Living Room

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27


2

COMMERCIAL DESIGN


Client Information A mixed-use commercial space in approximately 7,750 square feet space provided on the fi rst level of Channel Street Apartment building in Mission Bay, San Francisco. The client delivers fresh and high-quality foods and generally would like the space to be light, bright, natural, casual, and simple.

Site Information

2

The site is located in the San Francisco Mission Bay District, which is a newly developed area. The University of California San Francisco locates there as well. The neighborhood is a highly educated area with lots of biotechrelated companies.

Project Summary This project is to renovate an existing grocery into a high-end market selling quality food with a demonstration kitchen in the market and a restaurant connected.


Site History Research

Year Built 2013

Zoning MB-RA (Mission Bay Redevelopment Area)

History Mission Bay was a bay for round tidal waters, before urbanization, as well as a natural habitat. Later in the mid-1800s, space became smaller and smaller and industries began to build there and even fi lled with debris from the 1906 earthquake. Eventually, Mission Bay was crisscrossed with tracks, as horse-drawn vehicles, then railroad cars were used to bring valuable cargo to and from the shipyards, warehouses, factories, and foundries of the area. It remained primarily an industrial zone well into the 20th century. (Mission Bay Conference Center)

Commercial Design - The Market Hall

City Planning Mission Bay is a mixed-use, transit-oriented neighborhood served by Muni’s Third Street Light Rail system, bus lines, and the Caltrain Regional Rail Service. Development began in 2000 and is anticipated to be completed by 2030. Mission Bay features a new UCSF research campus complete with a state-of-the-art, 550bed UCSF medical center serving women, children, and cancer patients. (Mission Bay Project Area Summary Sheet, August 2017)

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Site Photos and Analysis

Site Address

1101 4th Street. San Francisco, CA 94158

Demographic Analysis The population estimation is around 6000 now, but the population will definitely grow up with time goes by. The education level in this area is really high, where 96.1% of the population is with degrees of high school or higher. Because of the UCSF, this area is attracting more highly educated young people to live in the neighborhood. Culture in mission bay area will get infl uenced by the university and the original industrial heritage. 30

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Concept Statement

Island Revitalization What I would like to design a contemporary market where people can feel that mission bay has transformed from the traditional industrial area to a new emerging hi-tech area. By illustrating the revitalization, an energetic and refreshed feeling can be delivered to customers. Who People who are going to use the space will be the residence nearby, workers, tourists, students. People here are mostly either from a high level educational institution or from high education required industry such as big companies, financial industry, etc. Why The reasons I would like to choose this concept are: 1. The client provides great food and high-quality products, so the Market Hall will be a great food charging station to regenerate people’s energy.

Commercial Design - The Market Hall

2. Space is near the Mission Creek Park, so when design with “revitalization�, the elements applied interior will be a great connection to the exterior. 3. Since the area is very new, the market will be a newborn gathering space for the neighborhood. It can provide new opportunities for the communities to get familiar with the area.


Bubble & Block Diagrams

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Floor Plan

Demo Kitchen Open Kitchen

Upscale Market

Emergency Exits

Commercial Design - The Market Hall

Checking Area Market Entrance

Employee Break Room

Bar & Checking Counter

Director’s Office

Market Checking Area

ADA Restrooms

Restaurant Kitchen

Restaurant

Espresso Bar Market Main Entrance

Restaurant Entrance

Emergency Exits

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Reflected Ceiling Plan

Gyp. Board @ 12’ AFF

Gyp. Board @ 12’ AFF

Gyp. Board @ 10’ AFF

 

 

Wood Ceiling @ 10’ AFF

Wood Ceiling @ 10’-6” AFF Wood Ceiling @ 12’ AFF

Wood Ceiling @ 12’ AFF

Wood Ceiling @ 11’ AFF

Wood Ceiling @ 12’ AFF N

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Case Study - Lighting

Corner lamp to define the space edge Track light for emphasizing collections Drop-ceiling with up lighting to create ambiance and major lighting in the space

Commercial Design - The Market Hall

Recessed task lighting

Layer 1: Lighting to choreograph and experience (Wayfinding) In this restaurant, it is a small space, so that people do not need to worry about lost in the space. However, it is very interesting to observe that the restaurant put some small lamps at the corners on the floor to define the edge of the pathways. Layer 2: Lighting to define mood and ambiance Overall, in this ramen bar, lightings in the whole space are warm and bright, but not overwhelming. - The density of lighting in the dining area is not high, so space can perfectly breathe, but it is high in the kitchen so chefs can focus on their food. - The color of lightings are orange in the dining space, which providing customers a nice cozy dining space very like at home. While lighting color is white in the kitchen, chefs can make sure the quality of the dishes. - The textures of lightings in the space are also varied. There are indirect lightings from the drop ceiling to the higher ceiling, direct recessed lightings on to the tables and chandeliers with light bulbs. Layer 3: Lighting to create accent and visual interest In this ramen bar, there are many pictures hanging on the wall, Japanese collections hanging on the wall or placing on the cabinet. This restaurant actually assigned appropriate lighting to emphasize these collections and catching people’s eyes on them.


Site Photos Layer 4: Lighting to reveal architecture and space In this ramen bar, there are two spaces, one is the main dining area, which is very public, and the other one is a semi-private section with several rooms each with a curtain blocking sights. Lightings in the semi-private area are darker than the public space where day lights will directly shine into space. The deemed lights in the private space help space become quiet and cozy. However, public space with brighter lighting feels more energetic. Layer 5: Lighting for specific tasks Tables, bars and kitchen spaces are all assigned appropriate lighting for different tasks. Recessed lights above the tables provide sufficient lighting for eating and chatting. Summary & Improvement Aesthetically, the chandeliers really catch people’s attention and create a really natural feeling with the wood texture. One possible improvement: The corner next to the window does not have a good lighting above the table, placing a standing lamp at the corner providing soft lighting would be better for the space.

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Case Study - Circulation

Address: Type: Customer Type: Observation time: Behavior:

888 Brannan Street, San Francisco, CA Commercial Office Office workers and General public Lunch time Sitting together to have lunch; small group talk; walking around

Seats in the lobby area is abundant for people to sit and get together for lunch and talk. Great natural lights from the ceiling drop in the lobby. Living wall integrates the nature to the interior as well. People can sit and talk freely in the lobby in different height with multiple sitting choices.

Commercial Design - The Market Hall

Not many people go across the pathway under the living wall, so maybe we can turn that area to a slope and leading to the center of the lobby as well.


Case Study - Demo Kitchen

Location - It is located at Easton Public Market in Easton, PA Important zones - Whole kitchen plan design shall have two islands: one needs to equip with range for a cooking demonstration, and the other one needs to equip with sink, dishwasher, and cabinets. - The height of the oven placed shall be above the countertop and face to the audience. - Large Refrigerator to demonstrate the fresh produce that is going to be used for demonstration. - Range top shall be fl ush counter or without view blocking. - The depth of kitchen countertop with range shall be extended a reasonable distance for distributing dishes. Functionality - This demonstration kitchen holds classes, culinary events, and also cook demonstrations for commercial purposes. Improvement - The kitchen is actually at the corner, although this space is designed as a home kitchen, which can make people coming in feel comfortable, overall it is not really welcoming to place the kitchen at the corner. Moving out a little bit and make a clean design will feel more professional and welcoming. - Living wall for vegetable products display and branding will be better than cabinets I think. - Also, the lighting can be warmer so that people will not feel nervous inside of the kitchen.

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Commercial Design - The Market Hall

Sketches & Idea Development


Market Area

At the entrance of the market, featured painted aluminum panels are hung from the ceiling to remind the customers what the area used to be like. The shape of the aluminum panel is like an island, which we would like to revitalize it.

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Restaurant

Commercial Design - The Market Hall

Localization will be a very important part of understanding the interior background and historical context. Therefore, a featuring wall using black painted steel with San Francisco skyline cut-out is applied in the restaurant to show how great the city is and indicates how mission bay area transferred from high-industrial area to a high-tech area.


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Restaurant Featuring Wall Elevation

Restaurant Bar Elevation

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Commercial Design - The Market Hall

Espresso Bar

The espresso bar used stone veneer as counter material to resemble the image of seaside rocks. Recessed lighting on the back of the island-shaped aluminum performs as revealing the architectural shapes, which attracts people into the bar. The drop ceiling also defines the edges of the space.


Demo Kitchen Demo Kitchen will have a demonstration counter with people seating nearby to watch chef cooking. There is another round counter facing the window, which can demonstrate special food to the public on the street.

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Sustainable Design - Siheyuan (Courtyard House)

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SUSTAINABLE DESIGN


Site Information The site is located in the high-density urban area in Beijing China. The area is a residential area with good walkability, but all the buildings are really dated and crowded.

Project Summary

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This project is a sustainable renovation of the Siheyuan (courtyard house) located at the high density urban residential area. By applying new thoughts and technology, I focused on solving the living problems that has been existed decades inside of the courtyard house and simultaneously bring both environmental and social benefits to the community.


Global Perspective

Global Warming Global warming becomes the worldwide problem which started since the Industrial Revolution. It is mainly caused by burning fossil fuels, which emissions CO2 into the Atmosphere. CO2 is one of the major gas we release into the atmosphere act like a blanket, trapping the sun’s heat and causing the planet to warm.

Air Pollution Coal is also considered to be the dirtiest energy source, which is the majority energy source in many countries including China. During the winter, the northern part of China will provide heating citywide, which burns a lot of coal in the past and recently changed to natural gas. During the time when they burnt coal for electricity and heating, it causes tons of pollution to the environment.

Sustainable Design - Siheyuan (Courtyard House)

Deforestation Urbanization is the most important reason for deforestation. Since the industrial revolution, people became separating ourselves from nature, which pushes forward the urbanization. It gathers people together and gets rid of threatens from the wild. However, environmental problem, including city heat island, land desertification, which further causes extreme weather, such as sandstorm.


Site Photos

Site Address

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655 Pacific Ave. San Francisco, CA 94133

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Context Introduction

Old Siheyuan A siheyuan is a historical type of residence that was commonly found throughout China, most famously in Beijing and rural Shanxi. In ancient times, a spacious siheyuan would be occupied by a single, usually large and extended family, signifying wealth and prosperity.

Siheyuan Nowadays

Sustainable Design - Siheyuan (Courtyard House)

However, a siheyuan nowadays is usually occupied by multiple families, some of them are even occupied by more than ten families. Because of some historical issues, they have nowhere to move. These siheyuans now are usually very crowded with really poor living conditions.

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Site Analysis

Solar Analysis Site Latitude: 39.94° | Site Longitude: 116.41° The site is located in the Northern Hemisphere, constant and abundant sunlight will come from the south. At the location, there is no high building around blocking the sunlight. Most of the building around is either one-floor or two-floor Siheyuan (courtyard houses). There are some trees nearby, but will not affect the site to get direct solar energy. Infl uence to the renovation: More openings facing to the south will be considered, and shadings and isolations will be added to the west side.

Demographic Analysis

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The site is located in the Dongcheng District in Beijing. Some important data are as below: - The total area of the Dongcheng District is around 16.15 Square Miles. - The total population living in the Dongcheng District is 974,000. - The total population in the nearby street area is 82,000. - Percentage of people over 60 is 20%. - Percentage of people with a high-school education or higher is 64.9%. It is a very high-density district. People living there are mostly working or taking school. However, the percentage of people over 60 is high. Infl uence on the renovation: people are the most important factor in the design. Local culture is one of the important factors that will affect the design of the new small community area to gathering people together. 50

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Local Climate Analysis

Temperature & Humidity Summer: Too warm and humid Winter: Too cold and dry Spring & Autumn: Comfortable

Precipitation & Rainy Days Analysis Summer: Rains a lot Winter: Seldom rains, but sometimes snow Spring & Autumn: Comfortable

Wind Summer: West/ Southwest or Southeast wind Humid and warm Winter: Northwest wind; Strong, cold, and dry Spring & Autumn: Comfortable

Influence on design

Sustainable Design - Siheyuan (Courtyard House)

Insulation is needed for separate interior from exterior to create a comfortable living space. Rain Collector will be very useful during the summer to collect rain. Indoor humidity needs to be improved. The design shall avoid direct opening to the northwest side.

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Problem Statement & Design Goals

Environmental Problems

Energy Efficiency

- Air Pollution

Reduce energy use for heating and cooling & Self generate energy

- Temperature not comfortable in summer and winter

Water Efficiency Use water capture and recycle system

- Humidity is too low during the winter

Building and Plan Problems

Material Efficiency Reuse the material on the existing site (Adaptive Reuse)

- Facilities are old

- Super crowded living space, need isolated kitchens

Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ)

- No private toilet

Eliminate interior air pollution & Increase Indoor Air Quality (IAQ)

Neighborhood Problems

Well Being

- Inconvenient transportation

- Crowded market space

Reveal the basic courtyard, and add plant garden Add Private Bathroom Use Safe materials Create shared bicycle parking spaces Create opportunities for a flexible farmers market

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Case Study - Living Building Challenge

Project Name: Location: Living Transect: Occupant Type: Living Building Challenge:

Old Oak Dojo Jamaica Plain, Boston, MA, USA L4 – General Urban Zone Assembly (Ancillary Building on Residential Property) Certified Living

Sustainable Design - Siheyuan (Courtyard House)

Why did I choose this building? According to the case statement by Living Building Challenge was given to this building, the Old Oak Dojo is a small, privately owned ancillary building, built next to a multi-family residence. It is located inside of a dense urban neighborhood of Boston and surrounded by trees. The studio space is convinced to educational gatherings and performances and serves as a community space where neighbors can congregate to create healthy and resilient communities. The project functions as an experiment in dissolving the boundary between public and private spheres. It provides a hub for the community to enjoy meeting and having fun with each other. The location of the Old Oak Dojo is pretty similar to the space of my project, Siheyuan in Beijing, which is a high-density community surrounded by a lot of trees from the view of the vicinity map. The original Siheyuan is a large single family unit, where a whole family can live in, including maids. Now the place is occupied by multi families, which are not even relatives. The idea of community integrations generated by the Old Oak Dojo is a good designing outset that I can learn from.


What did the Old Oak Dojo achieve in LBC?

How did the Old Oak Dojo achieve these requirements?

Place

Material

Install rainwater collection and harvesting system

Urban Agriculture Imperative Habitat Exchange Imperative Human Powered Living Imperative

Net Positive Water Imperative

Red List Imperative Embodied Carbon Footprint Imperative Responsible Industry Imperative Living Economy Sourcing Imperative Net Positive Waste Imperative

Install indoor composting Toilet

Energy

Equity

Water

Net Positive Energy Imperative

Health & Happiness Civilized Environment Imperative Healthy Interior Environment Imperative Biophilic Environment Imperative

Universal Access to Nature & Place Imperative Install radiant heat beneath the wood floor

Beauty Beauty & Spirit Imperative Inspiration & Education Imperative

Install solar panels on top of the roof

Design openings for as much natural light as possible

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Case Study - Solution for Air Pollution

Roof Garden Function: Rain Collection & Temperature Adjustment Parallel cavity walls Materials: Bentonite clay lined foam & concrete Function: Act as fi lters to help in cleaning out the polluted air of the micro-climate.

Project Introduction Project Name: Office Complex for Delhi Pollution Control Committee Proposal This is a project proposal by M:OFA Studios for the Office Complex for Delhi Pollution Control Committee. The proposal of the building can house about 200 officials, scientists and a devoted workforce responsible for making and implementing policies, research and formulating norms for keeping India’s capital Pollution free.

Sustainable Design - Siheyuan (Courtyard House)

The concept of the project is stated as “Urban Sponge”. It’s been designed as a next-generation green building with multiple passive and active systems coexisting and supporting each other aimed at making the building work like a machine that is self-sustainable. Window overhangs are lined with Photovoltaic Cells Function: Generate electricity & stored in the batteries

What can I apply to my design? Beijing is a highly air-polluted city, people there are suffering from dust and small dirt in the air. From this project, A design of this passively absorbing wall can be applied with a combination of directed wind to provide better indoor air quality. The application of an active air fi lter system inside of the buildings can make the IAQ even better. A large number of plants and vegetation can be used as a green roof as well as used inside of the courtyard.


Design Overview

2-Floor Residential House Featuring: Energy Efficiency, Material Efficiency, IEQ Community Area Featuring: Wellbeing - Community



2-Floor Mixed-Used House Featuring: Water Conservation, Wellbeing - Community



Single Floor Residential House

This conceptual design featuring on the 2-fl oor mixed-used house, one apartment unit of the 2-fl oor residential house, and the courtyard community area. Sustainable designs focused on energy effi ciency, water conservation, material effi ciency, Indoor environment quality as well as solving the narrow living space, and human wellbeing. Designs are targeting the standard of Living Building Challenge, aiming at solving the most serious problems that affect people living inside of the courtyard house.

Courtyard Community Area 2-Floor Residential House Entrance 2-Floor Mixed-Used House



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Design: Energy Efficiency

Passive Heating and Cooling Apply Thermal Mass Flooring & Wall During the day, the wall-mounted folding bed will be folded to let the heat from sunlight heat the thermal mass flooring. During the night, the whole floor will be releasing the heat to warm up space. Shading Blocks the direct intense sunlight around noon time in summer and allows in the winter sunlight more

Sustainable Design - Siheyuan (Courtyard House)

High solar gain, Low-E Double glazed window Allow in heat during the winter, while blocking the UV. Natural ventilation Specially designed ceiling to let heat trap at the top and flow out, while cool air will be entered from the bottom.

     

Self-generated energy Applying solar panels at the roof to gain electricity during the day.      

 

Goal Achieve: Energy Efficiency Reduce energy use for heating and cooling & Self generate energy


Design: Water Conservation

Water Conservation System By applying water tanks, water cistern, water fi lters, and green roofs, the water conservation system are set up for collecting rainwater and help fl ush toilets or wash bicycles. It not only helps the community save water but also encourage people to ride bicycles towards a more sustainable lifestyle. Concave Shaped Roof to function as rainwater collector. Rainwater Grey water tank Harvesting system Non-portable water for watering plants on the roof garden, or washing bicycles

Toilet Water Black Water Tank

Goal Achieve: Water Efficiency

Filter

Use water capture and recycle system

Grey Water Tank Or Use Composting Toilet

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Design: Material Efficiency

Adaptive Usage and Sustainable Materials Not only the sustainable materials are used, but the demolished materials including original concrete walls, roofs tiles, and other materials are also reused to build the new building up. Nearly all the materials would be recycled or recyclable so that it can achieve the minimum waste during the construction phase, and further infl uence the afterlife of materials.     

Social Design - Nest Senior Living Center

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Bamboo Ceiling and Panels

Wall Paper

Material: Bamboo

Material: Non-Woven/Paper

Manufacturer: Zhuyi Family

Manufacturer: WolfGordon

Contribution: Rapid Renewable

Contribution: Product contains 30%

Material

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post-consumer recycled content

Recycled Glass Countertop

Reclaimed Wood Flooring

Material: Glass

Material: 100% Reclaimed Wood

Manufacturer: IceStone

Manufacturer: Mountain Lumber Co.

Contribution: 100% Recycled glass,

Contribution: Cradle to Cradle

C2C Certified Silver, NFS, B-Corp

Reuse the material on the existing site (Adaptive Reuse)

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Recycled Stone Flooring

Wall Mosaic Glass Tile

Material: Stone

Material: Glass

Manufacturer: Stonesource

Manufacturer: Artaic

Contribution: 98% post-industrial

Contribution: 100% Post-consumer

material

Goal Achieve: Energy Efficiency

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recycled glass tile

The material used are: Cradle to Cradle, recycled contents, post-industrial contents, FSC certified materials, or rapidly renewable materials


Design: Wellbeing - IEQ

Passive Ventilation with Filter System Install the parallel cavity walls to act as a fi lter. The wall would be built with bentonite clay lined foam concrete blocks, which is the same material that the Delhi Pollution Control Committee Proposal used for cleaning out the polluted air of the microclimate. Also built the cavity wall related to the passive cooling system to allow the clean air flowing into the interior automatically, so it can save energy.

Non-Toxic Material

 

Material used interior are non-toxic and zero emissions.

Goal Achieve: Indoor Environment Quality Eliminate interior air pollution & Increase Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) Use Safe materials

This is a new technology product called Smog Free Tower, which is a 7-meter tall aluminum tower using only 1170 watts of green electricity and positive ionization technology. It can be considered to use in some larger Siheyuan, or inside of a public space covering several small siheyuan communities.

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Design: Wellbeing - Community

Bring Benefits to the Community Green Roof Sustainable design should not only be considering the Ancillary Building for Chess,

household and materials but also need to understand

Mahjong’s

the community culture so that benefit can be brought to

Sidewalk Courtyard Garden

the community with design. With the mind of revealing the courtyard back to its previous look, a courtyard garden is added for residents to plant vegetation, as well as a community space in the center of the garden to serve as a chess or mahjong’s room for people there to have fun. Most elder people in China still would like

Flexible Market Spaces Shared Bicycle Parking Lots

to play with their friends together rather than playing online. In the front of the Siheyuan, A shard bicycle parking is added for easier access. Small fl exible market space is also added for people to sell groceries. Since during the planning phase, the studio has already been built in a private bathroom inside, so people will not need to go to the public toilet anymore.

Social Design - Nest Senior Living Center

Goal Achieve: Energy Effi ciency Reveal the basic courtyard, and add plant garden Add Private Bathroom Create shared bicycle parking spaces Create opportunities for the flexible farmers market


Design: Water and Energy Savings

Calculations Electricity Saving Compared to incandescent light, the new LED lighting fi xture will cost $50 less per year. In the same life span, LED lighting fi xture will save $1,698 after 34 years.

Water Saving There would be 13 residential house in this Siheyuan. Considering the toilet of 1.6 gpf and the toilet I used (1.28 gpf), the whole Siheyuan will save $227.5 and 65 gallons per year

Rain Collection 875 sq.ft. (Roof Area) x 24.4 inches (Year Average Precipitation) x 0.62 = 13,237 Gallons

Goal Achieve: Energy Efficiency Reduce daily energy usage

CimarronÂŽ two-piece round-front 1.28 gpf toilet Manufacturer: Kohler Item Number: K-3887-0 Certification: US EPA WaterSense

216L Wind Three-door Refrigerator Manufacturer: Haier Item Number: BCD-216WDPX Certification: CEL-L1 (China Energy Label Level 1)

LT56 All-Purpose LED Retrofi t Trim Kit Manufacturer: HALO Light Type: LED Certification: Energy Star, Title 24, IECC 62

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Social Design - Nest Senior Living Center

OTHER WORKS

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Digital Sketches

Other Work - Sketches

Lobby


Cafe

Office Lounge

Project

Senior Comprehensive Design National Geographic Office

Type

Hand Sketches

Tool

Procreate on iPad Pro

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Other Work - Sketches

San Francisco Street View

50 United Nations Plaza Federal Office Building

Asian Art Museum South Elevation

@ Hyatt Regency, San Francisco

@ Civic Center Plaza, San Francisco

@ Civic Center Plaza, San Francisco


San Francisco City Hall and Civic Center Plaza

Florence Cathedral (the Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore)

@ Civic Center Plaza, San Francisco

Class

Sketch for Idea Development

Type

Hand Sketches, Water Color

Tool

Pen, Pencil on Sketch Book 68

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Other Work - Color Renderings

Floor Plan Rendering

Furniture and Textiles Rendering


Exterior Rendering

Class

Color Renderings

Type

Water Color

Tool

Pencil, Brushes, Water Color on Paper 70

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Profile for Zhou Yanchi

Yanchi Zhou Portfolio  

Interior Architecture Design Portfolio by Yanchi Zhou

Yanchi Zhou Portfolio  

Interior Architecture Design Portfolio by Yanchi Zhou

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