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www.yanceycountynews.com vTo be a voice, and to allow the voices of our community to be heard.v Jan. 24, 2013 W Vol. 3, No. 4 v Recipient of the 2011 E.W. Scripps Award for Distinguished Service to the First Amendment v

So what is the president’s gun policy?

By Jonathan Austin Yancey County News When guns are the topic, it’s likely that the conversation can get heated. Neighbors disagree, and people toss around rumor as facts and sound bites as policy statements. Most everyone has heard that President Obama asked Vice President Biden to come up with policy proposals regarding gun safety after the shootings at Sandy Hook Elementary School. On Jan. 15, Vice President Biden delivered his policy proposals to President Obama. The package of recommendations,

released Jan. 16, details ways the administration thinks it “can help keep guns out of the wrong hands, make schools safer, and increase access to mental health services.” But what do the proposals say? What really is being discussed in those policy meetings in Washington? You won’t get any answers from television, and national media and advocacy groups seem to want to pick and choose what they want you to know. So to better answer your questions, the Yancey County News is printing - starting on page 2 - the entire statement issued by the White

House regarding the gun policy proposals and the actions taken by the president. We are not doing this to promote or advance either side of the argument. We are publishing this because we always believe it is better to have more information than less. What you will read here is exactly what the White House is saying it wants to accomplish, as taken directly from White House postings at www.whitehouse.gov. Neighbors and friends may disagree about these policy proposals, but if you read this, at least you can accurately debate what the White House is saying. We welcome your feedback.

Thieves hit Music Box two times

Jonathan Austin/Yancey County News

A DOT worker sweeps the road where a giant rock had come to rest on U.S. 19W near Ramseytown last week. Crews worked over the weekend and holiday to break the rock apart and haul it off. At right, a worker clears away mud and debris in order to give crews access to the giant rock.

By hook or by crook, DOT opens road

By Jonathan Austin Yancey County News The Department of Transportation worked the weekend and on the Monday holiday to get U.S. 19W reopened after a giant rock pile slid down a steep hillside and blocked the road. The enormous size of the rock challenged DOT engineers. “There was nothing that we had access to that could move that,” said DOT District Engineer Chad Bandy. “It

was much larger than anything we could move.” Engineers considered several alternatives to move the rock, and ended up trying most of them. The DOT was wary of using explosives to break up the large rock because it was close to a nearby home, so they thought to drill holes and fill them with a material that is designed to crack rock. “Our first plan of attack, with the house right above it, was we had an expandable

material and we hoped it would break the rock. But we were leery that the cold temperatures were going to hamper it. We did that on Friday. On Saturday morning we got there and it hadn’t done anything.” Time for Plan B, which involved getting a large mobilized excavator with a rock hammer and pounding on the rock to try to break it. “We did that most of the day Saturday,” Bandy said. “It had little effect; Continued on page 11

By Jonathan Austin Yancey County News It turns out that thieves rifled through the Music Box music store on West Main Street two separate times in the middle of the night last week, once when the front window was first smashed and again hours later after two other men had heard a friend bragging about the instruments he had stolen, an official says. The arrest of those two on unrelated warrants in Madison led officers to call Yancey County to tell them they had suspects in custody. See page 11 Presnell

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Recipient of the 2012 Ancil Payne Award for Ethics in Journalism and the Tom and Pat Gish Award for courage, integrity and tenacity in rural journalism v

Opinion/Outlooks

White House issues policy proposals about guns From the White House: “Our nation has suffered too much at the hands of dangerous people who use guns to commit horrific acts of violence. As President Obama said following the Sandy Hook Elementary School tragedy, “We won’t be able to stop every violent act, but if there is even one thing that we can do to prevent any of these events, we have a deep obligation, all of us, to try. “Most gun owners are responsible and lawabiding, and they use their guns safely. The President strongly believes that the Second Amendment guarantees an individual right to bear arms. But to better protect our children and our communities from tragic mass shootings like those in Newtown, Aurora, Oak Creek, and Tucson, there are four common-sense steps we can take right now. The President’s plan includes: 1. Closing background check loopholes to keep guns out of dangerous hands; 2. Banning military-style assault weapons and high-capacity magazines, and taking other common-sense steps to reduce gun violence; 3. Making schools safer; and 4. Increasing access to mental health services. While no law or set of laws will end gun violence, it is clear that the American people want action. If even one child’s life can be saved, then we need to act. Now is the time to do the right thing for our children, our communities, and the country we love.” 1. Closing background check loopholes to keep guns out of dangerous hands Most gun owners buy their guns legally and use them safely, whether for self-defense, hunting, or sport shooting. Yet too often, irresponsible and dangerous individuals have been able to easily get their hands on firearms. We must strengthen our efforts to keep guns from falling into the wrong hands. Require background checks for all gun sales The single most important thing we can do to prevent gun violence and mass shootings, like the one in Newtown, is to make sure those who would commit acts of violence cannot get access to guns. A critical tool in achieving that goal is the National Instant Criminal Background Check System, which was created by the Brady Act to ensure that guns

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Susan Austin ........ Advertising/Publisher Jonathan Austin ........... Editor/Publisher who are the sole participants and members of

Yancey County News LLC 132 W. Main Street Burnsville, NC 28714 828-678-3900 jonathan@yanceycountynews.com susan@yanceycountynews.com The Yancey County News (USPS publication No. 3528) is published weekly - every Thursday - for $25 per year in Yancey County, $35 per year out of county. Published by Yancey County News LLC, Periodicals postage paid at Burnsville, NC. Postmaster: Send address changes to: Yancey County News, 132 W. Main St., Burnsville, NC 28714 Printed in Boone by the Watauga Democrat on recycled paper.

To be a voice, and to allow the voices of our community to be heard.

are not sold to those prohibited from buying them, including felons and those convicted of domestic violence. Over the last 14 years it has helped keep more than 1.5 million guns out of the wrong hands. It is able to make 92 percent of background check determinations on the spot. However, too many guns are still sold without a background check and too many individuals prohibited from having a gun slip through the cracks. We need to strengthen the system by requiring every gun buyer to go through a background check and ensuring that the background check system has complete information on people prohibited from having guns. We should: • Require criminal background checks for all gun sales: Right now, federally licensed firearms dealers are required to run background checks on those buying guns, but studies estimate that nearly 40 percent of all gun sales are made by private sellers who are exempt from this requirement. A national survey of inmates found that only 12 percent of those who used a gun in a crime acquired it from a retail store or pawn shop, where a background check should have been run. Congress should pass legislation that goes beyond just closing the “gun show loophole” to require background checks for all firearm sales, with limited, common-sense exceptions for cases like certain transfers between family members and temporary transfers for hunting and sporting purposes. • Call on licensed dealers and private sellers to do their part through executive action: Private sellers can already choose to sell their guns through licensed dealers so the dealer can run a background check on the buyer, and the Administration is calling on them to do so. The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF) will send an open letter to licensed dealers giving them guidance on how best to facilitate these checks. Strengthen the background check system The background check system is the most efficient and effective way to keep guns out of the hands of dangerous individuals, but we need to make sure it has access to complete information about these individuals. For example, although the number of mental health records available to the system has increased by 800 percent since 2004, a recent report by the Government Accountability Office found that there are still 17 states that have made fewer than 10 mental health records available. We need to make sure reliable data on prohibited purchasers is available to the background check system. The Administration is announcing four new executive actions to enhance the system’s ability to identify dangerous people and stop them from getting guns: • Address unnecessary legal barriers that prevent states from reporting information about those prohibited from having guns: Some states have cited concerns about restrictions under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act as a reason not to share relevant information on people prohibited from gun ownership for mental health reasons. The Administration will begin the regulatory process to remove any needless barriers, starting by gathering information about the scope and extent of the problem. • Improve incentives for states to share information with the background check system: States are a critical source for several key categories of relevant records and data, including criminal history records and records of persons prohibited from having guns for mental health reasons. The Department of Justice will invest $20 million in FY2013 to give states stronger incentives to make this data available. The Administration

is also proposing $50 million for this purpose in FY2014, and will look for additional ways to ensure that states are doing their part to provide relevant information. • Hold federal agencies accountable for sharing reliable information with the background check system: Some federal agencies also have relevant records. The President is issuing a Presidential Memorandum holding agencies to requirements that they identify these records, make them available to the background check system, and regularly report that those records are complete and up-to-date. • Make sure dangerous people are prohibited from having guns: The background check system is designed to keep guns out of the hands of those forbidden by law to have them. But we need to make sure our laws are effective at identifying the dangerous or untrustworthy individuals that should not have access to guns. The President will direct the Attorney General, in consultation with other relevant agencies, to review the laws governing who is prohibited from having guns and make legislative and executive recommendations to ensure dangerous people aren’t slipping through the cracks. 2: Banning military-style assault weapons and high-capacity magazines, and taking other common-sense steps to reduce gun violence We need to do more to prevent easy access to instruments of mass violence. We also need to provide law enforcement with additional tools to prevent gun violence, end the freeze on gun violence research, make sure health care providers know they can report credible threats of violence and talk to their patients about gun safety, and promote responsible gun ownership. Get military-style assault weapons and highcapacity magazines off the streets A 2010 survey by the Police Executive Research Forum found that more than one-third of police departments reported an increase in criminals’ use of assault weapons and high-capacity magazines since the prohibition on high-capacity magazines and assault weapons expired in 2004. To protect law enforcement and enhance public safety, we must redouble our efforts to: • Reinstate and strengthen the ban on assault weapons: The shooters in Aurora and Newtown used the type of semiautomatic rifles that were the target of the assault weapons ban that was in place from 1994 to 2004. That ban was an important step, but manufacturers were able to circumvent the prohibition with cosmetic modifications to their weapons. Congress must reinstate and strengthen the prohibition on assault weapons. • Limit ammunition magazines to 10 rounds: The case for prohibiting high-capacity magazines has been proven over and over; the shooters at Virginia Tech, Tucson, Aurora, Oak Creek, and Newtown all used magazines holding more than 10 rounds, which would have been prohibited under the 1994 law. These magazines enable any semiautomatic weapon to be used as an instrument of mass violence, yet they are once again legal and now come standard with many handguns and rifles. Congress needs to reinstate the prohibition on magazines holding more than 10 rounds. • Finish the job of getting armor-piercing bullets off the streets: It is already illegal to manufacture and import armor-piercing ammunition except for military or law enforcement use. But it is generally still not illegal to possess or transfer this dangerous ammunition. Congress should finish the job of protecting law enforcement and the public by banning the possession of armor-piercing ammunition by, and its transfer to, anyone other See next page


jan. 24, 2013

Gun proposal Continued from previous page than the military and law enforcement. Give law enforcement additional tools to prevent and prosecute gun crime In order to prevent and respond to gun violence, we must give law enforcement every tool they need to keep us safe. That includes passing stronger laws to stop those who would put guns into the hands of criminals, keeping 15,000 cops on the street, and eliminating restrictions that keep federal law enforcement from doing its job. • Create serious punishments for gun trafficking: Today, criminals can easily buy guns from unlicensed dealers, or acquire them with the help of so-called “straw purchasers” who pass the required background check to buy guns from licensed dealers. But there is no explicit law against straw purchasing, so straw purchasers and others who traffic guns can often only be prosecuted for paperwork violations. We cannot allow those who help put guns into the hands of criminals to get away with just a slap on the wrist. Congress should close these loopholes with new gun trafficking laws that impose serious penalties for these crimes. • Help communities across the country keep 15,000 cops on the street: One of the most important steps we can take to reduce gun violence is to keep police officers at their posts in our neighborhoods and communities. The President is calling on Congress to act on the Administration’s $4 billion proposal to help keep 15,000 cops on the street in cities and towns across the country. • Take executive action to enhance tracing data: When law enforcement recovers a gun during a criminal investigation, they can trace that gun’s path from its manufacturer, to the dealer who sold it, to its first purchaser. This gun tracing process helps law enforcement solve violent crimes by generating leads in specific cases and can reveal gun trafficking patterns when large amounts of tracing data are combined. However, not all federal law enforcement agencies are uniformly required to trace all guns they recover and keep in custody. The President will issue a Presidential Memorandum requiring them to trace all such firearms. • Take executive action to help law enforcement avoid returning guns to the wrong hands: Law enforcement should never be put in the position of unknowingly returning a gun to an individual who is prohibited from having it. Currently, when law enforcement must return firearms seized as part of an investigation, they do not have the ability to conduct a full background check on the owner. The Administration will propose regulations to ensure that law enforcement has access to the database needed for complete background checks. • Finally give the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF) a confirmed director: The ATF has not had a confirmed director for six years. There is no excuse for leaving the key agency enforcing gun laws in America without a leader. It is time for Congress to confirm an ATF director. • Eliminate restrictions that force the ATF to authorize importation of dangerous weapons simply because of their age: ATF is required to authorize the importation of certain “curio or relic” firearms, and outdated regulations include all firearms manufactured more than 50 years ago in the definition of “curio or relic.” But today, firearms manufactured more than 50 years ago include large numbers of semiautomatic military-surplus rifles, some of which are easily convertible into machine guns or otherwise appealing for use in crime. Congress should get rid of restrictions that prevent ATF from changing this definition, enabling ATF to ensure that firearms imported as curios or relics are actually of interest as collectibles, rather than letting these rules be used as a way to acquire fully functional and powerful military weapons. • Maximize enforcement efforts to prevent gun violence and prosecute gun crime: The Attorney General will work with all United States Attorneys

to continue to ensure that every appropriate resource is focused on preventing gun violence. To this end, the Attorney General will ask all U.S. Attorneys to consider whether supplemental efforts would be appropriate in their districts, in areas such as prosecutions of people who have been convicted of a felony and illegally seek to obtain a firearm, or people who attempt to evade the background check system by providing false information. • Analyze information on lost and stolen guns and make it widely available to law enforcement: The Department of Justice will publish an annual report on lost and stolen guns to ensure that data collected by ATF is available. This report will include state-by-state statistics about guns reported as missing. Making this data available will provide valuable information to law enforcement about how to target its resources, and give states and cities the information they need to pass laws and take other effective steps to make sure that lost and stolen guns are reported. The Department will also identify best practices that are working today and encourage states and cities to follow those models. • Provide effective training for active shooter situations for 14,000 law enforcement officers, first responders, and school officials: One of the best ways to minimize the loss of life in a mass shooting is to make sure law enforcement, first responders, school officials, and others are prepared to respond to an active shooter. The Administration will immediately expand access to federal training, and federal agencies will ensure that protocols for responding to active shooter situations are consistent. And Congress should provide an additional $14 million to help train 14,000 more police officers and other public and private personnel to respond to active shooter situations. End the freeze on gun violence research There are approximately 30,000 firearm-related homicides and suicides a year, a number large enough to make clear this is a public health crisis. But for years, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and other scientific agencies have been barred by Congress from using funds to “advocate or promote gun control,” and some members of Congress have claimed this prohibition also bans the CDC from conducting any research on the causes of gun violence. However, research on gun violence is not advocacy; it is critical public health research that gives all Americans information they need. • Conduct research on the causes and prevention of gun violence, including links between video games, media images, and violence: The President is issuing a Presidential Memorandum directing the Centers for Disease Control and scientific agencies to conduct research into the causes and prevention of gun violence. It is based on legal analysis that concludes such research is not prohibited by any appropriations language. The CDC will start immediately by assessing existing strategies for preventing gun violence and identifying the most pressing research questions, with the greatest potential public health impact. And the Administration is calling on Congress to provide $10 million for the CDC to conduct further research, including investigating the relationship between video games, media images, and violence. • Better understand how and when firearms are used in violent death: To research gun violence prevention, we also need better data. When firearms are used in homicides or suicides, the National Violent Death Reporting System collects anonymous data, including the type of firearm used, whether the firearm was stored loaded or locked, and details on youth gun access. Congress should invest an additional $20 million to expand this system from the 18 states currently participating to all 50 states, helping Americans better understand how and when firearms are used in a violent death and informing future research and prevention strategies. Preserve the rights of health care providers to protect their patients and communities from gun violence We should never ask doctors and other health

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care providers to turn a blind eye to the risks posed by guns in the wrong hands. • Clarify that no federal law prevents health care providers from warning law enforcement authorities about threats of violence: Doctors and other mental health professionals play an important role in protecting the safety of their patients and the broader community by reporting direct and credible threats of violence to the authorities. But there is public confusion about whether federal law prohibits such reports about threats of violence. The Department of Health and Human Services is issuing a letter to health care providers clarifying that no federal law prohibits these reports in any way. • Protect the rights of health care providers to talk to their patients about gun safety: Doctors and other health care providers also need to be able to ask about firearms in their patients’ homes and safe storage of those firearms, especially if their patients show signs of certain mental illnesses or if they have a young child or mentally ill family member at home. Some have incorrectly claimed that language in the Affordable Care Act prohibits doctors from asking their patients about guns and gun safety. Medical groups also continue to fight against state laws attempting to ban doctors from asking these questions. The Administration will issue guidance clarifying that the Affordable Care Act does not prohibit or otherwise regulate communication between doctors and patients, including about firearms. Encourage gun owners to live up to their responsibility to store guns safely The President believes that the Second Amendment guarantees an individual right to bear arms, and he respects our nation’s rich hunting and sport shooting traditions and the millions of responsible Americans who participate in them every year. But this right comes with a responsibility to safely store guns to prevent them from accidentally or intentionally being used to harm others. The Administration is encouraging gun owners to take responsibility for keeping their guns safe and encouraging the development of technology that will make it easier for gun owners to meet this responsibility, and the Consumer Product Safety Commission is assessing the need for new standards for gun locks. • Launch a national responsible gun ownership campaign: The Administration will encourage gun owners to take responsibility for keeping their guns safe with a national campaign. The campaign will promote common-sense gun safety measures like the use of gun safes and trigger locks, separate storage of guns and ammunition, and the reporting of lost and stolen weapons to law enforcement. • Review and enhance as warranted safety standards for gun locks and gun safes: We also need to make sure that gun locks and gun safes work as intended. Several gun locks have been subject to recall due to their failure to function properly; that is not acceptable. The Chair of the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) intends to review the effectiveness of gun locks and gun safes, including existing voluntary industry standards, and take any steps that may be warranted to improve the standards as well as to protect the public from unreasonable risks of injury or death that arise when those products within the CPSC’s jurisdiction fail. • Encourage the development of innovative gun safety technology: Despite rapid advances in technologies in recent years, there are few readily available firearms that utilize these new technologies to help guard against unauthorized access and use. The President is directing the Attorney General to work with technology experts to review existing and emerging gun safety technologies, and to issue a report on the availability and use of those technologies. In addition, the Administration will issue a challenge to the private sector to develop innovative and cost-effective gun safety technology and provide prizes for those technologies that are proven to be reliable and effective. See next page


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Gun proposal Continued from previous page 3: Making schools safer We need to make our schools safer, not only by enhancing their physical security and making sure they are prepared to respond to emergencies like a mass shooting, but also by creating safer and more nurturing school climates that help prevent school violence. Each school is different and should have the flexibility to address its most pressing needs. Some schools will want trained and armed police; others may prefer increased counseling services. Either way, each district should be able to choose what is best to protect its own students. Put up to 1,000 more school resource officers and counselors in schools and help schools invest in safety Putting school resource officers and mental health professionals in schools can help prevent school crime and student-on-student violence. School resource officers are specially trained police officers that work in schools. When equipped with proper training and supported by evidence-based school discipline policies, they can deter crime with their presence and advance community policing objectives. Their roles as teachers and counselors enable them to develop trusting relationships with students that can result in threats being detected and crises averted before they occur. School psychologists, social workers, and counselors can help create a safe and nurturing school climate by providing mental health services to students who need help. Not every school will want police officers or additional school counselors, but we should do what we can to help schools get the staff they determine they need to stay safe. • Take executive action to provide incentives for schools to hire school resource officers: COPS Hiring Grants, which help police departments hire officers, can already be used by departments to fund school resource officers. This year, the Department of Justice will provide an incentive for police departments to hire these officers by providing a preference for grant applications that support school resource officers. • Put up to 1,000 new school resource officers and school counselors on the job: The Administration is proposing a new Comprehensive School Safety program, which will help school districts hire staff and make other critical investments in school safety. The program will give $150 million to school districts and law enforcement agencies to hire school resource officers, school psychologists, social workers, and counselors. The Department of Justice will also develop a model for using school resource officers, including best practices on ageappropriate methods for working with students. • Invest in other strategies to make our schools safer: School districts could also use these Comprehensive School Safety Grants to purchase school safety equipment; develop and update public safety plans; conduct threat assessments; and train “crisis intervention teams” of law enforcement officers to work with the mental health community to respond to and assist students in crisis. And the General Services Administration will use its purchasing power to help schools buy safety equipment affordably. Ensure every school has a comprehensive emergency management plan In the unthinkable event of another school shooting, it is essential that schools have in place effective and reliable plans to respond. A 2010 survey found that while 84 percent of public schools had a written response plan in the event of a shooting, only 52 percent had drilled their students on the plan in the past year. We must ensure that every school has a high-quality plan in place and that students and staff are prepared to follow it. • Give schools and other institutions a model for how to develop and implement reliable plans: The Departments of Education, Justice, Health and Human Services, and Homeland Security will

release - by May 2013 - a set of model, high-quality emergency management plans for schools, houses of worship, and institutions of higher education, along with best practices for developing these plans and training students and staff to follow them. In addition, the Department of Homeland Security, in coordination with the Department of Justice, will assist interested schools, houses of worship, and institutions of higher education in completing their own security assessments. • Help schools develop and implement emergency plans: Congress should provide $30 million of one-time grants to states to help their school districts develop and implement emergency management plans. But schools also need to take responsibility for getting effective plans in place. Going forward, Congress should require states and school districts that receive school safety funding from the Department of Education to have comprehensive, up-to-date emergency plans in place for all of their schools. Create a safer climate at schools across the country A report issued by the U.S. Secret Service and the Department of Education after the Columbine shooting found that one of the best things schools can do to reduce violence and bullying is to improve a school’s climate and increase trust and communication between students and staff. Fortunately, we already have evidence-based strategies which have been found to reduce bullying and other problem behaviors like drug abuse or poor attendance, while making students feel safer at school and improving academic performance. • Help 8,000 schools create safer and more nurturing school climates: With technical assistance from the Department of Education, 18,000 schools have already put in place evidence-based strategies to improve school climate. These strategies involve certain steps for the whole school (like consistent rules and rewards for good behavior), with more intensive steps for groups of students exhibiting atrisk behavior, and individual services for students who continue to exhibit troubling behavior. The Administration is proposing a new, $50 million initiative to help 8,000 more schools train their teachers and other school staff to implement these strategies. The Administration will also develop a school climate survey, providing reliable data to help schools implement policies to improve climate. • Share best practices on school discipline: Students who are suspended or expelled are far more likely to repeat a grade, not graduate, or become involved in the juvenile justice system. As a result, effective school discipline policies are critical to addressing school and community crime and violence issues. The Department of Education will collect and disseminate best practices on school discipline polices and help school districts develop and equitably implement their policies. 4: Improving mental health services As President Obama said, “We are going to need to work on making access to mental health care as easy as access to a gun.” Today, less than half of children and adults with diagnosable mental health problems receive the treatment they need. While the vast majority of Americans with a mental illness are not violent, several recent mass shootings have highlighted how some cases of mental illness can develop into crisis situations if individuals do not receive proper treatment. We need to do more than just keep guns out of the hands of people with serious mental illness; we need to identify mental health issues early and help individuals get the treatment they need before these dangerous situations develop. Make sure students and young adults get treatment for mental health issues Three-quarters of mental illnesses appear by the age of 24, yet less than half of children with diagnosable mental health problems receive treatment. And several recent mass shootings, including those at Newtown, Tucson, Aurora, and Virginia Tech, were perpetrated by students or other young people.

• Reach 750,000 young people through programs to identify mental illness early and refer them to treatment: We need to train teachers and other adults who regularly interact with students to recognize young people who need help and ensure they are referred to mental health services. The Administration is calling for a new initiative, Project AWARE (Advancing Wellness and Resilience in Education), to provide this training and set up systems to provide these referrals. This initiative, which would reach 750,000 young people, has two parts: • Provide “Mental Health First Aid” training for teachers: Project AWARE includes $15 million for training for teachers and other adults who interact with youth to detect and respond to mental illness in children and young adults, including how to encourage adolescents and families experiencing these problems to seek treatment. • Make sure students with signs of mental illness get referred to treatment: Project AWARE also includes $40 million to help school districts work with law enforcement, mental health agencies, and other local organizations to assure students with mental health issues or other behavioral issues are referred to the services they need. This initiative builds on strategies that, for over a decade, have proven to decrease violence in schools and increase the number of students receiving mental health services. • Support individuals ages 16 to 25 at high risk for mental illness: Efforts to prevent school shootings and other gun violence can’t end when a student leaves high school. Individuals ages 16 to 25 are at high risk for mental illness, substance abuse, and suicide, but they are among the least likely to seek help. Even those who received services as a child may fall through the cracks when they turn 18. The Administration is proposing $25 million for innovative state-based strategies supporting young people ages 16 to 25 with mental health or substance abuse issues. • Help schools address pervasive violence: Twenty-two percent of 14 to 17 year olds have witnessed a shooting in their lifetime. Research shows that exposure to community violence can impact children’s mental health and development and can substantially increase the likelihood that these children will later commit violent acts themselves. To help schools break the cycle of violence, Congress should provide $25 million to offer students mental health services for trauma or anxiety, conflict resolution programs, and other school-based violence prevention strategies. • Train more than 5,000 additional mental health professionals to serve students and young adults: Experts often cite the shortage of mental health service providers as one reason it can be hard to access treatment. To help fill this gap, the Administration is proposing $50 million to train social workers, counselors, psychologists, and other mental health professionals. This would provide stipends and tuition reimbursement to train more than 5,000 mental health professionals serving young people in our schools and communities. • Launch a national conversation to increase understanding about mental health: The sense of shame and secrecy associated with mental illness prevents too many people from seeking help. The President is directing Secretaries Sebelius and Duncan to launch a national dialogue about mental illness with young people who have experienced mental illness, members of the faith community, foundations, and school and business leaders. Ensure coverage of mental health treatment While most mental illnesses are treatable, those with mental illness often can’t get needed treatment if they don’t have health insurance that covers mental health services. The Affordable Care Act will provide one of the largest expansions of mental health coverage in a generation by extending health coverage to 30 million Americans, including an estimated 6 to 10 million people with mental illness. The Affordable Care Act will also make sure that Americans can get the mental health treatment See next page


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Obituaries

Juanita Johnson Wilson

Juanita Johnson Wilson, 85, of Newdale, died Sunday, January 20, 2013. A native of Mine Creek in Bakersville, she was the daughter of the late Jesse Wiltson and Minnie Davis Johnson. She was also preceded in death by a sister: Mae Silvers, and five brothers: Charlie, Roy, Arlen, Harvey and Carl. She and her husband, Charles, ran Wilson’s Trout Farm in the Glen Ayre community of Mitchell County. At the time of her death, they were helping run Living Waters Campground at Glen Ayre. Juanita was a faithful member of Liberty Covenant Church in Micaville. Surviving are her loving husband of 67 years, Robert Charles Wilson; one daughter, Janet Wyatt and husband, Frank; grandchildren Joshua Wyatt and wife, Felicia, and Robert Micah Wyatt; and one great grandchild, Andrew Wyatt, all of Newdale. Several nieces and nephews also survive. Funeral was Wednesday. Burial was in the Faith Fellowship Cemetery in Newdale. Memorials may be made to Hospice of Yancey County, 856 Georges Fork Road, Burnsville, NC 28714 or Gideons International, P. O. Box 264, Burnsville, NC 28714.

Keith L. Higgins

Keith L. Higgins, 79, of Burnsville, passed away Sunday, January 20, 2013, at Brookside Rehabilitation & Care. A native of Yancey County, he was a son of the late Clyde and Pearl Hylemon Higgins. He was also preceded in death by daughter Kathy Higgins. Keith was retired from the Department of Corrections. Surviving are his wife, Katherine Fox Higgins of Burnsville; children Kay Silvers of Nebo, Rita Higgins and Billy Clyde Higgins of Burnsville, and Diane Waterman of Fletcher; 8 grandchildren; 12 great-grandchildren; and, a sister, Zetta

Gun proposal

Higgins of Canton. Funeral was Tuesday in the Chapel of Holcombe Brothers Funeral Home. Rev. Keith Blankenship will officiate. Graveside service was in the Keith Higgins Family Cemetery.

Elizabeth Hunt Stallings

Elizabeth Hunt Stallings, 90, of Spindale, died Saturday, January 19, 2013. She was a daughter of the late Rev. D. J. and Geneva Gardin Hunt, and was preceded in death by her husband, William J. Stallings Sr. and a son, William J. Stallings Jr. Elizabeth was a 1943 graduate of Rutherford Hospital School of Nursing and was employed at the hospital for many years as Director of Nursing and as an administrative assistant. She was a member, elder and Clerk of Session at Spindale Presbyterian Church. Surviving are a son, John Stallings and wife, Melanie, of Burnsville; a daughter, Sarah Kirk and husband, Bill; four grandchildren and five great-grandchildren. Funeral was Monday at Crowes Funeral Chapel in Rutherfordton. Burial followed at Eternal Hills. Memorial contributions may be made to Spindale Presbyterian Church, P. O. Box 225, Spindale, NC, to the Spindale Public Library, or to the Yancey County Library.

Ralph Griffith

Ralph Griffith, 93, of Burnsville, passed away Thursday, January 17, 2013, at Asheville VA Medical Center. A native of Yancey County, he was a son of the late Dolph and Nora Harris Griffith and the husband of Vera Hughes Griffith, who died in 2008. He was preceded in death by a granddaughter, Kimberly Hallman; a sister, Reba Bean; and a brother, Edgar Griffith. He was a World War II Army Veteran. Ralph was a member of West Burnsville Baptist Church. Surviving are a daughter, Louetta

parity under the Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008. In addition, the Affordable Care Act requires all new small group and Continued from previous page individual plans to cover ten essential health benefit categories, including mental health and substance they need by ensuring that insurance plans cover abuse services. The Administration intends to issue mental health benefits at parity with other benefits. next month the final rule defining these essential • Finalize requirements for private health health benefits and implementing requirements for insurance plans to cover mental health services: these plans to cover mental health benefits at parity The Administration will issue final regulations with medical and surgical benefits. governing how existing group health plans that • Make sure millions of Americans covered offer mental health services must cover them at by Medicaid get quality mental health coverage:

Stamey and husband, Keith, of Asheville; 2 sons, Jerry Griffith and wife, Dianne, of Asheville and David Griffith and wife, Linda, of Burnsville; a sister, Grace Silver of Burnsville; a brother: Jack Griffith of Granite Falls; 10 grandchildren; 20 great grandchildren; and special friend Frances McCurry. Funeral was Saturday in the Chapel of Holcombe Brothers Funeral Home. Pastor Charlie Carroway officiated. Burial was in the Hughes Cemetery at Pleasant Gap. Memorials may be made to Hospice of Yancey County, 856 Georges Fork Road, Burnsville, NC 28714.

Ercelle Webb Riddle

Ercelle Webb Riddle, 84, of Upper Browns Creek, died Thursday, January 17, 2013, at Mission Hospital. A native of Yancey County, she was a daughter of the late John and Nellie Robinson Webb and the former wife of Frank Riddle, who passed away in 1995. She was also preceded in death by a daughter, Deborah Marie Riddle and a brother, L.D. Webb. She was a homemaker and a loving mother and grandmother. Surviving are her three daughters: Pat Carter and husband, Darrell, of Mars Hill, Resa Oakes and fiancé, Larry Carver, of Marion and Pam Edwards and husband, Randy, of Burnsville; four sons: Dennis Riddle and wife, Jearleen, of Lower White Oak, Sammy Riddle and wife, Frieda, of Marion, David Riddle of South Toe and Charlie Riddle and wife, Mary, of South Toe; two brothers: Jennings Webb and wife, Ruby, of Elizabeth City and Wayne Webb and wife, Jean, of Nebo; fifteen grandchildren and eighteen greatgrandchildren. Several nieces and nephews also survive. Funeral was Saturday in the Chapel of Yancey Funeral Services. The Rev. Holt Whitson Jr. officiated. Burial followed in the Autrey Cemetery. Medicaid is already the biggest funder of mental health services, and the Affordable Care Act will extend Medicaid coverage to as many as 17 million hardworking Americans. There is some evidence that Medicaid plans are not always meeting mental health parity requirements today, an issue that will only become more important as Medicaid is expanded. The Administration is issuing a letter to state health officials making clear that these plans must comply with mental health parity requirements.


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Buy Yancey County News at Mitchell-Yancey Habitat Galligan To: Medea P: 828-989-9144 Email: medeagalligan@gmail.com F: for Humanity Restore 563 Oak Ave., Spruce Pine Ad is approved: contact information and spelling is correct andwithHabitat keeps Ad is approved: changes indicated in email or fax Ad is not half approved:of make changes indicated in email or fax, send new proo the money! (up to 2 revisions allowed with new ad design) Open Tues – Fri, 9-5; Sat 9-2 Ad Proof for Natural Awakenings — February 2012 Issue

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Still no executive at mental health agency

By Peggy Manning Carolina Public Press The Western Highlands Area Authority governing board is no closer to naming a new chief executive officer to the agency that provides thousands of Western North Carolina residents with mental health and other services. After meeting in closed session for nearly three hours last week in Asheville, the board reconvened and the board chairman announced that no decision had been made for a new leader. The board interviewed three finalists for the CEO post Jan. 4. Board chairman Charles Vines, who serves as Mitchell County Manager, later said he expected a decision on the new CEO at the special meeting. The board also is in the process of advertising and interviewing for a new chief financial officer.

After the board adjourned last Wednesday, Vines said the finalists were still being considered. However, he went on to explain, there are many more steps before a new CEO is named for the organization that provides behavioral health services in Yancey, Buncombe, Henderson, Madison, Mitchell, Polk, Rutherford and Transylvania counties. According to the agency, Western Highlands served 17,837 consumers in fiscal year 2011-12. “There has to be state validation of credentials,” he said. Vines said the board’s next regular meeting is Feb. 1, but said he does not think the board will make a decision at that time. Jerry Rice, an advocate for adults and children with special needs, asked the board to delay a decision on naming a new CEO to give the public and behavioral

health providers an opportunity “to weigh in on the decision.” The board did not respond to Rice’s request. When board member Mandy Stone, who is also the assistant county manager for Buncombe County and the director of Buncombe DSS, called for the closed session Wednesday, she referred to a state statute allowing the meeting to be closed, which included allowing the board

to negotiate the amount of compensation and other terms of a proposed employment contract. Stone’s motion also called for the board to consider and possibly take action on the appointment of the CEO and to authorize the employment agreement. While no action was taken upon returning to open session, Vines said he is optimistic that a decision on the new CEO can be reached by March.

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What’s to eat at the elementary schools? Friday, Jan 25

Monday, Jan 28

Tues, Jan 29

Wed, Jan 30

Breakfast Scrambled Eggs/ Toast/ Cereal Animal Crackers Juice/Fruit/Milk

Breakfast Biscuit w/Jelly Cereal Animal Crackers Juice/Fruit/Milk

Breakfast Waffles Cereal Animal Crackers Juice/Fruit/Milk

Breakfast Sausage Biscuit Cereal Animal Crackers Juice/Fruit/Milk

Cereal Animal Crackers Juice/Fruit/Milk

Lunch Chix Fillet S’wich Chix Quesadillas Sunbutter S’wich Broccoli/Pinto Beans/Peaches Pears Milk

Lunch SW Chix Nachos Mini Corn Dogs Sunbutter S’wich Carrot Stix/Baked Beans/Apple Crisp Fruit Cocktail Milk

Lunch Chix Stir Fry/Rice Fish Nuggets Cornbread/Slaw Spicy Pinto Beans Pineapple Tidbits Mandarin Oranges Milk

Lunch Hamburger Steak Chix Nuggets/Roll Sunbutter S’wich Mashed Potatoes Peas/Applesauce Fruit Milk

Lunch Pepperoni Pizza Spaghetti/Roll Sunbutter S’wich Salad/Broccoli Fruit Fruit Cocktail Milk

Thurs, Jan 31

Friday, Feb 1

Breakfast

Chix Biscuit

February Menu’s were not available at Press Time. Look for them next week HERE at the Yancey County News!

Food for thought for middle school Friday, Jan 25

Monday, Jan 28

Breakfast Biscuit w/Jelly Chix Biscuit Cereal Animal Crackers Juice/Fruit/Milk

Breakfast Biscuit w/Jelly Chix Biscuit Cereal Animal Crackers Juice/Fruit/Milk

Lunch Chix Fillet S’wich Chix Quesadillas Broccoli/Pinto Beans/Peaches Pears Milk

Lunch SW Chix Nachos Mini Corn Dogs Sunbutter S’wich Carrot Stix/Baked Beans/Apple Crisp Fruit Cocktail Milk

Tuesday, Jan 29

Wed, Jan 30

Thurs, Jan 31

Breakfast Sausage Biscuit Waffles Cereal Animal Crackers Juice/Fruit/Milk

Breakfast Breakfast Pizza Sausage Biscuit Cereal Animal Crackers Juice/Fruit/Milk

Breakfast

Cereal Animal Crackers Juice/Fruit/Milk

Lunch Chix Stir Fry/Rice Fish Nuggets Cornbread/Slaw Spicy Pinto Beans Pineapple Tidbits Mandarin Oranges Milk

Lunch Hamburger Steak Chix Nuggets/Roll Sunbutter S’wich Mashed Potatoes Peas/Applesauce Fruit Milk

Lunch Pepperoni Pizza Spaghetti/Roll Sunbutter S’wich Salad/Broccoli Fruit Fruit Cocktail Milk

Friday, Feb 1

Pancakes Chix Biscuit

February Menu’s were not available at Press Time. Look for them next week HERE at the Yancey County News!

Chowing down at Mountain Heritage Friday, Jan 25

Monday, Jan 28

Tuesday, Jan 29

Wed, Jan 30

Thurs, Jan 31

Breakfast Breakfast Pizza Sausage Biscuit Cereal Animal Crackers Juice/Fruit/Milk

Breakfast Biscuit w/Jelly Chix Biscuit Cereal Animal Crackers Juice/Fruit/Milk

Breakfast Sausage Biscuit Waffles Cereal Animal Crackers Juice/Fruit/Milk

Breakfast Breakfast Pizza Sausage Biscuit Cereal Animal Crackers Juice/Fruit/Milk

Breakfast

Lunch Chix Fillet S’wich Chix Quesadillas Lunch-a-Round Pizza/Broccoli/Pinto Beans/Peaches Pears/Oranges Milk

Lunch SW Chix Nachos Mini Corn Dogs Ch. Garlic Flatbread Carrot Stix/Baked Beans/Apple Crisp Fruit Cocktail Milk

Lunch Chix Stir Fry/Rice Fish Nuggets Cornbread Chix Quesadilla Slaw/Pinto Beans Pineapple Tidbits Mandarin Oranges Milk

Lunch Hamburger Steak Chix Nuggets Chix Tenders/Roll Mashed Potatoes Peas/Applesauce Fruit Milk

TBA Tim Brown Architecture custom residential commercial institutional

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Towing Service $ Wanted to Buy $ with Rollback Truck! JUNK VEHICLES Rollback Service! I&Buy Junk Vehicles! Pay Fair Price Will Pick Up Vehicle 828-284-7522

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The online world makes it easy for someone to hide their true identity, and easy for them to find and befriend unsuspecting people. Con artists and online predators will even use information you reveal about yourself to craft an identity they think will attract you. Remember: • People aren’t always who they say they are online. • Beware if someone you meet online begins asking you for money, even a small amount. • Never send or wire money to a stranger.

Pancakes Chix Biscuit

February Menu’s were not available at Press Time. Look for them next week HERE at the Lunch Week of 1/28/13 - 2/3/13 Yancey County Pepperoni Pizza News! Spaghetti/Roll Chix S’wich Salad/Broccoli Fruit Fruit Cocktail Milk Cereal Animal Crackers Juice/Fruit/Milk

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Friday, Feb 1

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Copyright 2013 by The Puzzle Syndicate

Answer to Last Week's Sudoku

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FOR RENT

Brick Rancher out in the County - Three bedrooms, one bath. MUST HAVE REFERENCES! SECURITY DEPOSIT REQUIRED. NO PETS. Call Doris @ Lunsford Realty 678-3400 For rent: Large LR with fireplace , DR, Kitchen with island, Large master Br with full bath, 2nd Br with full bath, partial basement with w/d hookup. In town of Burnsville. Has attached small (second story) one bedroom apt. with separate entrance. Would be great mother /daughter rental. $800.00 per month. References and security required. Also can be rented separately both have own utilities @$550.00 + $300.00 Available immediately. CALL 865-712-6887 FOR RENT: 3 bedrm, 1 bath, brick home on 19W, right across from the Cane River. Fenced yard, pet allowed. $675.00/month. Background check and security deposit required. CATTAIL PEAK REALTY, Burnsville. Call Jerri at 828-284-2968 for details.

FSBO

Lots from 3 to 7 acres, or all 21.57 acres. Snow Hill Boxwoods for Sale. $10 each. 828.208.0406.

FOR SALE

Consignment Business for Sale: Everything you need to start your own business, including: Clothes (all name brand) Sizes S – 4X, Shoes, Purses, Make-up, Rugs, racks, wall grids, showcases and more. This is a must see, already set up and ready for business with possible resume of lease. $5,000 Call 828-284-5500 .

AUTO MOBILE

Jaguar XJS, Ice Blue Convertible, 1995. 92,000 miles, FL car, excellent condition. Garaged and babied. New battery, brakes, and tires. Includes cover and charger. $10,500. Please call 321.704.4311 . 1 9 9 9 3 2 0 S M e rc e d e s , 93,000 miles, Florida car, New brakes, tires, paint, very good condition. Sun Roof, V6, runs on Regular. Asking $8,000. Please call 321.704.4311

WANTED

Used 100 Gallon propane tank. Must be priced reasonable. Please call Dan – 828-675-4074 .

SERVICES

Roof Leak? Call Brad at Tip Top Roofing, 25 years+ experience. Residential, commercial roof repair and maintenance, roof coatings, gutter repair, roof inspection. References. 682-3451 Sewing alterations. Call 208-3999. Low Interest Loans to Qualified Home Owners for Any home improvement projects. 828-273-0970 Blue Belle Farms, A U’Neat Gift shop and makers of Goat Soaps and Lotions is currently seeking Crafters to join the fun! You keep 100% of YOUR proceeds for a very small rental fee. Please stop by 127 West Main Street to see what everyone is talking about in beautiful Downtown Burnsville! Will clean your home or business. Call 208-3688. Sewing alterations. Call 208-3999. TOWING SERVICE With Rollback Truck! I Buy JUNK VEHICLES! Pay Fair Price! WILL PICK UP VEHICLE! Call 828-2847522 or 828-284-7537

EMPLOYMENT Accepting Applications for Executive Director of Hospice of Yancey County Minimum Qualifications: - Bachelor’s degree from an accredited college or university or suitable healthcare experience - Three years of experience in a managerial position, human resources, or a healthcare-related field - Demonstrated effective leadership in fiscal management - Verifiable knowledge of local, state, and federal guidelines that relate to Hospice care - Effective knowledge of personal computers - Ability to work tactfully, courteously, and effectively with the HOY Board of Directors; HOY staff; local/regional doctors, hospitals, and all

LEGAL NOTICE IN THE GENERAL COURT OF JUSTICE, YANCEY COUNTY NORTH CAROLINA SUPERIOR COURT DIVISION BEFORE THE CLERK FILE NO. 12 E 199 EXECUTOR’S NOTICE Having qualified as the Co-Executors of the Estate of Maphria Shepherd of Yancey County, North Carolina, this is to notify all persons, firms and corporations having claims against the Estate of the deceased to present them to either of the undersigned on or before 10 May, 2013 or this notice will be pleaded in bar of their recovery. All persons indebted to said estate please make immediate payment. This the 10th day of January, 2013. Ina Dean Owens, Co-Executor 11 Honeysuckle Lane Burnsville, NC 28714 Larry L. Shepherd, Co-Executor 199 River Look Drive Burnsville, NC 28714

jan. 24, 2013

potential referring agencies; HOY volunteers - Excellent interpersonal, organizational, and communication skills - Considerable experience and discretion in handling confidential and sensitive information Job Duties (Fuller version online at www. hospiceofyancey.org) - Assume responsibility for the overall management of the agency - Increase awareness of HOY by developing a close working relationship with local/ regional doctors, hospitals (especially the discharge planning personnel), and other referring agencies to increase HOY referrals - Ensure appropriate level of communication to the Board

as it carries out its duties also available at www. - Make certain that systems hospiceofyancey.org or from are in place for public eddief@hospiceofyancey. accountability of the agency, o rg ) ; O ff i c i a l c o l l e g e maintenance of a g e n c y transcripts; Resume or vitae; facilities, regular reporting Five letters of reference to various bodies, and legal with phone numbers, three obligations of which must be former - Perform other functions as employers. directed by the board Five copies of completed Recruitment, Selection, and application packet must be Salary Range-commensurate sent to Marie Nicholson, with HOY budget, education, Hospice of Yancey County, Week 2/3/13Fork Road, and experience levelsof 1/28/13 856 -Georges A p p l i c a t i o n D e a d l i n e : Burnsville, NC 28714. February 22, 2013, or Open Until Filled (Applicants applying after the d eadline Survivors of Suicide Loss c a n n o t b e g u a r a n t e e d Support Group. Contact Jodie Rhymer at 828-688consideration). Application Requirements 5851 or Survivorsofsuicide HOY Application Form loss@gmail.com (available from Eddie Faw, 856 Georges Fork Road, Burnsville, NC 28714; Friend to Friend is now

IN THE GENERAL COURT OF JUSTICE, YANCEY COUNTY NORTH CAROLINA SUPERIOR COURT DIVISION EXECUTOR’S NOTICE Having qualified as the Administrator, of the Estate of Stephen Allen of Yancey County, North Carolina, this is to notify all persons, firms and cooperations having claims against the Estate of the deceased to present them to the undersigned

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OPPORTUNITIES

ACROSS 1 Glazier's tack 5 Confused fight 10 Narrow opening 14 Building block toy 15 Musical drama 16 Palm tree 17 Sleeping 18 Stiffness 19 Keyed up 20 Keg stopper 21 Sour-tasting 22 Sports stadium 23 Pilfer 25 Gun sight 27 Blue-green color 29 Photo badge 34 Low singer 38 Main role 40 Sandwich cookie 41 Disheveled 43 Convert to alcohol 45 Commotion 46 Little bit 48 Diminish 49 Cricket position 51 Golf club 53 Lamented 55 Loaf on the job 59 Satisfy 63 Coarse file 65 Weather element 67 Depict 68 Blood giver, eg. 69 Destiny 70 Highest point 71 Stand fast 72 Fertilizer ingredient 73 Feline sound 74 Waste away 75 Fat for cooking

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Esprit de corps Heroic poem Easily read Wear away Unit of corn Wound mark Theater box seat Representative image Roman cloak Combine numbers Smallest part of an element Assistant Singing voice Hairdresser's need Region Landlord's due Act overly fond of Kiss playfully Against Burn rubber Dried up At a distance

1/10, 1/17, 1/24, 1/31, 2013

LEGAL NOTICE

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SUPPORT

The Weekly Crossword

DOWN 1 Spill the beans 2 Picture puzzle 3 Writer's rep. 4 Evade a question

• yANCEY cOUNTY nEWS 9

on or before the 5th day of April, 2013 or this notice will be pleaded in bar of their recovery. All persons indebted to said estate please make immediate payment. This the 10th day of January 2013. Brandi J. Foxx 80 Sunrise Lane, Apt. 2 Burnsville, NC 28714 1/10, 1/17, 1/24, 1/31, 2013

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Coniferous tree Strong-scented Famous ship Have debts Diving bird of prey 54 Investigate 56 Very bad 57 Beauty pageant crown

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Go into Win all tricks Parasitic insects Bullets, eg. Had the answer Soft drink ___ in the water July honoree

Answer to Last Week's Crossword S P A R S K I F F C A B S

T E M A P A K I N E C I P A I N A C K E I T S L E E A S T I S C A A L A B L E R I A E L T A K E

M I X E D B A G L O C A L E

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W E A R

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‘Sacred foods’ nourish throughout pregnancy

Medea Galligan MS Nutrition, CHHC, AADP Last week I discussed optimal nutrition for conception and how the health of a new born begins with the health of both of the parents. This week I am continuing the theme by discussing what foods will provide the best nutrition for both mother and child throughout pregnancy. Not surprisingly, the most important thing a woman can do when she finds out she is pregnant is eat nutrient dense foods. Despite the fact that food cravings are real, and that most women will gain at least 30 pounds while pregnant, pregnancy is not an excuse to eat whatever you want- it is instead the most important time to truly nourish yourself and your baby. Ideally, it’s best to plan ahead and start preparing your body (and your partner’s body) about 6-12 months prior to conception, but often this is not possible for everyone. So whether you are planning on getting pregnant or already are, here are my top foods to eat to ensure a healthy mama, healthy baby and healthy birth. To preface the top foods for pregnancy, it is important to recognize that these are the exact foods that heal and boost fertility. Women experiencing infertility often turn to doctors, hormonal treatments and IVF, when the first, least expensive, least invasive, and most effective place where women and men should start is to take a good look at their diets. Leah Morton, a family physician, observes, “Some women want to be pregnant immediately once they start trying. I see this desire as part of a wider idea in our culture that we can and should be able to control our lives. We should be able to control crime, pollution, educational discrepancies, gender inequalities, our finances, and our fertility. Indeed, technology now may be used to help us control lovemaking, pregnancy prevention, conception, labor and delivery, even raising a child. But really, technological controls have nothing to do with fertility, with being in the unknown, the mystery of life. It’s up to us to respond to the joy, darkness, and awe that we experience.” Dr. Morton also says, “If a couple is having difficulty conceiving or sustaining a pregnancy, my first concern is whether or not they’re eating food that’s not genetically modified, that is organic, whole and low glycemic (this means with little or no refined sugars or starches). Improving one’s diet is one of the hardest things to do in our culture, but it also makes for healthier parenting!” Our bodies are designed to reproduce. If they are incapable, this is often, though not always, indicative of nutritional deficiencies. Not surprisingly, the following foods that are part of a Nutrient-Dense Pre-Conception Diet that can reverse infertility are also the very same foods that

can insure a safe and healthy pregnancy and give your newborn the very best start in life. Revered pregnancy foods The dictionary defines sacred as “reverently dedicated to some purpose... regarded with reverence. . . ” Imagine a group of indigenous people living off their native land and thriving on their native foods. Elders of the group impart their wisdom to young men and women about to be married, to married couples and pregnant women, and to young mothers raising their infants and children. They will talk about specific foods needed to properly nourish their bodies during these critical periods. This counsel is not questioned or perceived as mere suggestion: these truths are revered. W h a t We s t o n A . P r i c e discovered when evaluating these revered foods was that they were rich in minerals and extremely high in what he called “fatsoluble activators.” Minerals are the nutrients most people are familiar with—such as calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron and iodine—that play many roles in building a beautiful, fullydeveloped body and maintaining its function throughout life. On the other hand, the “fat-soluble activators” are less understood and were a mystery even to Dr. Price when he first began his work. But what science has uncovered is the fact that these “activators” are the animal forms of vitamins A (retinol isomers), D (vitamin D3 and isomers) and K (vitamin K2). The role of “fat-soluble activators” is best described by Dr. Price himself: “A question arises as to the efficiency of the human body

in removing all of the minerals from the ingested foods. Extensive laboratory determinations have shown that most people cannot absorb more than half of the calcium and phosphorus from the foods eaten. The amounts utilized depend directly on the presence of other substances, particularly fat-soluble vitamins. It is probably at this point that the greatest breakdown in our modern diet takes place, namely, in the ingestion and utilization of adequate amounts of the special activating substances, including the vitamins [A, D and K2] needed for rendering the minerals in the food available to the human system. It is possible to starve for minerals that are abundant in the foods eaten because they cannot be utilized without an adequate quantity of the fat-soluble activators.” If we compare the body to a house built of bricks and mortar, think of the minerals as the bricks and fat-soluble activators as the mortar. In other words, we can consume a certain diet of fantastically nutrient-dense foods, but the value of such a diet comes down to what is actually absorbed. Without fat-soluble activator nutrients - namely vitamins A, D3, and K2 - our efforts to consume the “right” foods will be futile. Generations ago, sacred foods were revered, non-optional and non-negotiable additions to the diet. Today, the burden rests on all of us to reestablish these truths in our nutritionally confused culture. Only with our effort will inclusion of sacred foods in the diet become a common practice, passed down to future generations for the health of their own families, communities,

Easy Red Meat Stew

Compliments of www.HealthyCookingConcepts.com Ingredients 2 pounds grass-fed pastured meat (beef, pork, goat, lamb or venison), cut into 2-inch chunks several pieces of bone, such as tail or knuckle bone 1 jar organic tomato paste 1/4 cup butter, ghee, bacon drippings, lard or beef fat fresh herbs such as thyme or rosemary, tied together with a string a few small pieces of orange peel 4 cups bone broth or water 1 cup red wine or 1/2 cup red wine vinegar 4 cups root vegetables (choose from potatoes, carrots, turnips, rutabagas, parsnips, and/or baby onions), peeled and cut into chunks sea salt and freshly ground pepper Directions 1. Brush the pieces of meat and bone with tomato paste. 2. Place them in a large oven-proof stock pot or casserole a with 1/4 cup fat. 3. Place in a 350 degree oven and bake with the top off until the pieces are browned, turning once. 4. On the top of the stove add the broth or water and red wine or vinegar and bring to a boil. 5. Add the pieces of orange peel and the fresh herbs. 6. Place the pot back in the oven at the temperature of 250 degrees with the lid slightly off. 7. Cook for several hours until the meat is very tender. 8. One hour before serving, add the vegetables. 9. When the vegetables are tender, the stew is ready to serve. 10. Remove the pieces of bone before serving, season to taste with sea salt and freshly ground pepper, and enjoy!

and nations. Sage Advice For Sacred Foods Back to our elders’ sage advice. The wisdom bestowed would sound something like this. At least six months before trying to conceive, both parents-to-be should ideally begin to consume ample amounts of sacred foods. However, those who have consumed the typical Standard American Diet (SAD) since childhood would need a longer period of time to correct nutritional deficiencies—at least two years before attempting to conceive. The SAD is laden with many foods that are counterproductive to producing vibrantly healthy babies: foods such as damaged fats (those overheated and extracted with solvents), commercially raised meats (if any meat is consumed at all, as many fall victim to the deception of vegetarianism), and an abundance of pesticides and chemicals via conventionally farmed foods, fast foods, processed ingredients, body care products, cleaning supplies and municipal water sources. Enjoy traditional wisdoms Fish roe, liver, and bone marrow are a few examples of sacred foods honored by traditional cultures around the world, for nourishing not only babies, but mothers-tobe and growing children as well. We know from the travels of Weston A. Price that these sacred foods are undeniably nourishing, offering high levels of minerals and fat-soluble activators to support optimal development. For adults, these foods provide similar benefits, allowing efficient nutrient absorption and protection against disease. Granted, sacred foods are not your typical, everyday fare found in today’s urban homes, and perhaps they do not appeal to everyone’s taste buds— especially at first bite. But with some suave kitchen moves and an open mind, you may find them better received than you expected, and nutritionally they can’t be beat! Once the miracle of life has begun, sacred foods should be maintained throughout pregnancy. Mom should continue with the same diet during breast feeding, which should go on at least one year. Somewhere around four to six months, baby will be able to supplement breast milk with his first foods, ideally pastured egg yolk and liver (see the article “Nourishing a Growing Baby” at www.westonapirce.org for more on feeding infants). Yolks supply choline for brain development and cholesterol to nourish the brain and build the intestinal system, while liver supplies needed iron which drops considerably around six months of age - plus vitamins B12, B6, A and C, and almost every mineral the baby needs. Not surprisingly, egg yolks and liver are both sacred foods. Next week I will discuss the specific foods that were given to expectant moms for thousands of years.


jan. 24, 2013

• yANCEY cOUNTY nEWS 11

A return from ‘life of the living dead’

MUSIC BOX

From the front Madison County investigators were able to recover three of the guitars stolen from the Burnsville shop, said Madison County Sheriff Buddy Harwood. Harwood said Madison County detectives had been investigating numerous breaking and enterings in Madison and had secured enough evidence to get felony arrest warrants for Emmanuel “Manny” Joseph Norton, 20, of Madison County. “We were able to track him down at Ingles; he was trying to hide from us,” Harwood said. “During the interview with Manny he confessed to the breaking and enterings in Madison as well as the one in Yancey” at the music store, Harwood said. “Manny confessed and gave me the locations he had taken the property to,” Harwood said. Detectives then tracked down Lawson Ray Norton, 46, of Madison County, on similar felony charges. Local officials have charged three men in connection with

Living

with

children

psychologist to go crazy, I wrote a song titled “Three O’Clock in the Morning Rockin’ My Baby Blues.” It was pretty good, actually - a heavy blues number. I started adding verses to it during those early morning rock-a-thons. When Eric finally began sleeping the night, the song was 10 pages long, typed, single-spaced. It is not at all unusual for a child’s sleep pattern to change around the third birthday. Some children outgrow the need to nap around this time. The fact that your son is on-again, off-again with his afternoon nap tells me he’s going through this transition. In that event, I encourage you to stop trying to fight city hall. Family psychologist John Rosemond Dispense with the afternoon nap altogether. Put him to bed at 7. Cut his bedroom door in answers questions at rosemond.com.

the break-in and theft from the music store. Burnsville Police Chief Brian Buchanan said charges have been filed against the Nortons as well as James Brian Presnell, 40, of Bucks Mountain Road, Burnsville. The three were charged with breaking and entering, larceny after breaking and entering, and possession of stolen goods. Emmanuel Norton was also charged with breaking and entry of a motor vehicle, larceny from a motor vehicle and possession of stolen goods for an incident that occurred in Peterson’s Trailer Park in Burnsville. Harwood said the Manny Norton gave this description of the break-in. “Presnell broke into the music shop. He came back to Madison with a stolen guitar and banjo and told the other two. They were like, wow, and they left. As soon as they left they drove to the music shop, climbed in the window and stole an electric guitar, a kid’s guitar, and another guitar.” State records show that Emmanuel Norton has previously been convicted of misdemeanor breaking

and entering three times, misdemeanor larceny once, felony breaking and entering once, and felony larceny once. At the time of his arrest he was on probation for a September 2010 conviction on the felonies. Records show that Lawson Norton has been convicted previously on felony breaking and entering and larceny, misdemeanor communicating threats and twice on misdemeanor wanton injury to personal property. He had been off probation for three months. Records show Presnell has previously been convicted of possession of drug paraphernalia and possession of marijuana, driving while impaired and misdemeanor child abuse. Records indicate he is still on probation from a May 2012 conviction in Yancey County. Presnell and Emmanuel Norton are in custody in the Yancey County Jail. Lawson Norton remains in custody in Madison County. The Music Box plans to offer the returned instruments in a future non-profit fundraiser.

DOT hard work gets U.S. 19W reopened

From the front That’s hard granite rock. Strike two,” he said. “Our last effort was to blast it. We did not want to do that” because of the risk to the house, but Bandy said there were few options. “We blasted extremely lightly, with small charges,” he said. They covered the rock with other materials that had come down the hillside “to cover it” for the blast on Sunday. “That broke the rock; we had real success,” he said, “and we didn’t send anything flying through the house.” By Monday the crews had the rock broken “into pieces that could be handled.”

half, just above the knob, then re-hang it and turn the knob around so you can control the lock. After you put him to bed, close the halfdoor and lock it. Children don’t like being closed behind a full door because they can’t see out, but they accept the locked half-door fairly readily. Acceptance usually takes about a week. A second, slightly more painful option is to dispense with his nap, put him to bed at 7, and just wait this out. As I said, it’s probably a transition that will resolve itself by the time he’s in high school. But seriously, can you put up with this for a month or so? Option 3 is to put both boys to bed in the same bedroom, at the same time. Close their door and let them play themselves to sleep. Tell them that as long as they’re quiet and don’t come out, they can keep the light on. If they make noise or come out, the lights go out and they have to go to sleep. If you enforce that calmly, you should be over the hump in a week or so, and you can return from the living dead. I am living proof.

But they couldn’t just push the debris into the river. The stone had to be hauled away and put in permitted areas. “A big rock like that, we try to keep as much of it as we can. We took as much as we can hold” to the district yard, and the rest we put in waste areas.” Some of the U.S. 19W rock was used to create a new roadbed at a road collapse site on Possum Trot Road, he said. On Possum Trot the heavy rains had deeply eroded the road bed, he said. “We had to go down beneath and make a bench” on which the road could be rebuilt. Parts of the giant rock became the fill that rebuilt that road, he said.

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By John Rosemond Q: For the past several weeks, our justturned 3-year-old has been waking up and coming into our room at all hours of the night with the usual excuses. He’s scared, hungry, thirsty, lonely, can’t sleep, has to use the bathroom, wants a kiss, and so on. He goes to bed at 7:30 if he takes an afternoon nap and 6:30 if he doesn’t. We are a marriage-centered household, so evenings are for Mom and Dad. Neither of our kids has ever even napped in our bed. When we take him back to his room, we usually lock the door. The next time he wakes up and discovers he can’t get out, he begins crying and kicking the door, waking our 4-year-old. Should we be patient, hoping this phase will pass quickly, or should we punish? We are zombies. A: The living dead, eh? I remember those days well. Our first, Eric, did not sleep the night until he was nearly three. The problem was a combination of colic and two very inexperienced parents. I was in graduate school at the time and supporting us by playing in a rock ‘n’ roll band. One night, after trying unsuccessfully to put Eric back to sleep, my choices were to go stark raving mad or write a song. So, because it’s against the rules for a

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LEGAL NOTICE IN THE GENERAL COURT OF JUSTICE, YANCEY COUNTY NORTH CAROLINA SUPERIOR COURT DIVISION BEFORE THE CLERK Having qualified as the Executor of the Estate of Ben Lee Hensley of Yancey County, North Carolina, this is to notify all persons, firms and cooperations having claims against the Estate of the deceased to present them to the undersigned on or before 17 April, 2013 or this notice will be pleaded in bar of their recovery. All persons indebted to said estate please make immediate payment. This the 18th day of January, 2013. Alan Bryan Hensley, Executor 416 Fir Road Burnsville, NC 28714

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