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Yancey County News Brush Creek - Burnsville - Cane River

Crabtree - Egypt - Green Mountain - Jacks Creek

Pensacola - Price’s Creek - Ramseytown - South Toe

www.yanceycountynews.com vTo be a voice, and to allow the voices of our community to be heard.v July 26, 2012 W Vol. 2, No. 30 v Recipient of the 2011 E.W. Scripps Award for Distinguished Service to the First Amendment v

Storms cause localized flooding

Photos by Jonathan Austin/Yancey County News

The Rest of the Story

Confusion defines sewer expansion By Jonathan Austin Yancey County News The East Yancey sewer expansion has been a topic since before rising seniors at Mountain Heritage High School were born, and the yearslong start-and-stop process has led to confusion about what is being built, where it is going, and who can benefit. The project has been a focus for at least three different county managers and as many as 18 different county commissioners. It began as a project to “keep and attract jobs in Yancey County, by the need to protect water quality in the service area, by the population growth we have experienced, and by the need to replace the aging septic system which serves Micaville School,” notes the county government website. Continued on page 7

New school meal standards begin this year

High water and mud was prominent Wednesday after heavy storms dropped more than two inches of rain on large sections of Yancey County. These images were taken in the Jacks Creek Community.

By Jonathan Austin Yancey County News A series of thunderstorms rolled across Yancey County Wednesday morning, causing flood advisories and severe thunderstorm warnings. At least two inches of rain fell in many places in the county, and Ray’s Weather reported 2.38 inches overnight in Yancey County. The rainfall forced the creek over its banks in the Jacks Creek community, and road crews were out early to clear up mud

slides throughout the community. Debris-clogged culverts forced water up all along Jacks Creek Road, and erosion was weakening driveways well after the sun came up despite the fact that the storm clouds had moved on. Some area farmers have said rainfall in Yancey is hurting crops, though many are watching market prices for corn and other commodities as the midsection of the nation is wilting under a severe drought. Crop damage was obvious Wednesday along Toe River Road.

The Yancey County Schools child nutrition program will begin implementation of the new federal nutrition standards for school meals this year. In January, First Lady Michelle Obama and Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack unveiled the new national nutrition requirements for school meals. “When we send our kids to school, we have a right to expect that they won’t be eating the kind of fatty, salty, sugary foods that we’re trying to keep from them when they’re at home,” Mrs. Obama said when the changes were announced. “We have a right to expect that the food they get at school is the same kind of food that we want to serve at our own kitchen tables.” See Page 3

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v

Yancey County News - Recipient of the 2012 Ancil Payne Award for Ethics in Journalism v

Opinion/Outlooks

Nothing here the Iraqis or Syrians wouldn’t know

There is now no wonder why folks are afraid to speak out about corruption in the 24th judicial system under Sheriff Banks and DA Jerry Wilson. Mr. Wilson was so upset to prosecute Tom Farmer he nearly broke down in open court. I could not believe my eyes and ears. Clearly, this man should have recused himself from this case. In fact, a special prosecutor should have been brought in or this case should have been moved to another judicial district. Shame on Judge Lyerly for going along

with this sham of justice. I used to have tremendous respect for him, but he approved and orchestrated this molestation of justice. A man with his background, why would he do it? Do they think anyone was really fooled? No doubt this was planned before the warrants were ever taken on Tom Farmer. No ordinary person could have had these charges addressed this quickly or have gotten such a “sweetheart” deal. But, if you are “connected” in Yancey County it is easy. Sheriff’s Office + District Attorney + Judge = miscar-

Shocked at Tom Farmer ruling

When I read the lead stories in your July 12 issue, the gripping narratives, the comments of officials, and, especially, the actual transcript of the criminal “trial” of our illustrious “Golden Boy” former Chief Deputy Sheriff, Tom Farmer, I was initially shocked. Shocked, until it finally dawned on me what these stories really were, and then I started laughing out loud! I thought “Wow! Who knew that this newspaper’s editor has such a fantastic sense of humor? For he’s gone and published an entire issue as a huge, terrifically clever joke! Clearly, he had just made all this stuff up and printed a special “April Fool’s” edition of the paper! Sure fooled me for a while! Ha, ha, ha! He really had me going there for a minute!” Then I realized “Hey, wait a minute... it’s hot outside - this is not April, it’s July. What’s going on here?” Surely, I thought, these stories can’t be true? Not here in the Land of the Free! Not here, where we all pledge our allegiance to a flag that stands for “justice for all”! Impossible! This stuff just cannot be true because what it describes is a legal system that’s so far away from “justice for all” that it’s absurd, patently, outrageously wrong. But... Wake Up, Yancey County! It really is not April. And we’ve learned in the past yearand-a-half that the Yancey County News is NOT a joke, that the editor takes journalism quite

WHO WE ARE

The Yancey County News is the only independent newspaper in Yancey County. It is owned, operated and published by

Susan Austin ........ Advertising/Publisher Jonathan Austin ........... Editor/Publisher who are the sole participants and members of

Yancey County News LLC 132 W. Main Street Burnsville, NC 28714 828-678-3900 jonathan@yanceycountynews.com susan@yanceycountynews.com The Yancey County News (USPS publication No. 3528) is published weekly - every Thursday - for $25 per year in Yancey County, $35 per year out of county. Published by Yancey County News LLC, Periodicals postage paid at Burnsville, NC. Postmaster: Send address changes to: Yancey County News, 132 W. Main St., Burnsville, NC 28714 Printed in Boone by the Watauga Democrat on recycled paper.

To be a voice, and to allow the voices of our community to be heard.

seriously and carefully reports “just the facts, Ma’am,” especially the important ones, the facts that really matter in a democracy where we imagine that our government works for us, not against us. And, anyway... you just could not make stuff like this up. If you had written this as a script for an episode of some courtroom-drama television series, the producer would throw it out in an instant -- it’s just too far-fetched, something like that could never happen in real life, not in the American justice system. Hard to believe, yes. Even harder to accept. But the fact is, this DID happen, in real life, right here in Yancey County, that supposedly All-American, apple-pie-wholesome smalltown goodness at the heart of America. Sadly, it turns out that the notion that justice actually exists in Yancey County is just so much wishful thinking -- it is as fictional as Andy Griffith’s Mayberry. The indictment, the 14-month delay before charges were filed, the so-called “prosecution” by our District Attorney, the defense, holding the trial in Mitchell County, the entire system handling Tom Farmer’s mutiple, criminal, felony thefts of public property is -- pardon my French but, Mon Dieu! it’s worse than merely unbelievable, worse than absurd, worse than rotten -- it is CRIMINAL. We need to do something about this travesty of justice, this charade being carried out in our names. We need to put a stop to it once and for all, and get rid of these criminals who have been running the legal system here for years and years. Name withheld on request

riage of justice! But no one in power cares, because the people in power are corrupt. Different levels of corruption, sure. But corrupt. This is scary when you step back and look at the big picture. One small group controls justice here in Yancey County through rigged elections, threats and intimidation, just like Saddam Hussein did in Iraq and Bashar al-Assad is currently doing in Syria. Do they ever use force, here, too? This is why I can’t sign my name.

Don’t forget: Tom Farmer took his oath on the Bible As a tax-paying, law-abiding citizen of Yancey County I am appalled at what happened in the court house in Mitchell County (Yancey County News July 12 edition). It is a slap in the face of law-abiding citizens and a black mark on our judicial system. This was a person who swore to uphold the law – who put his hand on the Holy Bible – the word of God our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ - and swore to uphold the law, and his lawyer and the district attorney say, your honor, Tom Farmer is a good man; he just made a mistake. And they said many in Yancey County wanted him to drop the charges all together. Wonder who the district attorney was talking to? The prisons in North Carolina are full of people; why not go around to all these prisons and open the gates and tell these people they are free to go? We’re sorry, we made a mistake for locking them up, and while we’re at it give them each a gun so they can pawn it so they can get some money to take to Harrah’s and do some gambling. And they just might get lucky and win some money. And they could help a needy friend. Or just maybe they could find a place in Yancey County to play some poker. In all my lifetime, this is one of the worst things I can remember happening in the county. I would suggest that from now on, when the Sheriff’s Department swears someone in, please do not use the Bible. Use a roll of toilet paper, and when they get done with it, flush it down the toilet! CC Canipe

Healing Prayer Service The Order of St. Luke’s Living Faith Chapter of Burnsville will be conducting the next inter-faith healing prayer service at First Baptist Church, 125 Tappan St, Spruce Pine, NC on Sunday, July 29th at 3:00 pm. Chaplain Jack Hancox will be officiating. This healing prayer service is held regularly every 4th Sunday of the month. All are welcome. For directions to the church, call (828) 765-9411 . The International Order of St. Luke the Physician (OSL) is an inter-denominational Christian order of faith, prayer, and service with Chapters all over the world made up of clergy, health professionals, and lay people, who encourage, equip, and empower Christians to fulfill their calling “to preach the kingdom of God and to heal the sick” (Luke 9:2) by encouraging, equipping, and empowering God’s people for the healing ministry. For more information see the OSL website: http://www.oslregion3.org/.

Share your thoughts! Write a letter to Yancey County News 132 W. Main St Burnsville, NC 28714 or email jonathan@ yanceycountynews.com


July 26, 2012

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Schools to introduce meal changes this fall

From page 1 “And let’s be clear, this isn’t just about our kids’ health. Studies have shown that our kids’ eating habits can actually affect their academic performance as well. And I’m sure that comes as no surprise to the educators here today. Anyone who works with kids knows that they need something other than chips and soda in their stomachs if they’re going to focus on math and science, right? Kids can’t be expected to sit still and concentrate when they’re on a sugar high, or when they’re stuffed with salty, greasy food - or when they’re hungry. “And that brings me to another important point,” the First Lady said. “For many kids whose families are struggling, school meals can be their main - or only - source of nutrition for the entire day. So when we serve higherquality food in our schools, we’re not just fighting childhood obesity; we’re taking the important steps that are needed to fight child hunger as well. “And that’s why so many schools across this country have been working so hard to improve the food that they serve to our kids in school. In fact, there are many schools that have been meeting these new standards for years, long before this legislation was passed. Thousands more have made significant improvements, offering their students a whole array of healthy - and tasty, mind you - new options.” The new USDA guidelines will raise the school meal nutrition standards for the first time in more than fifteen years and will result in healthier meals for 32 million students across the nation. The healthier meal requirements are a key component of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act signed into law by President Obama in 2010. Yancey school officials say the new standards aim to foster the kind of healthy changes at school that many parents are already trying to encourage at home, including: • Ensuring students are offered both fruits and vegetables every day of the week; • Substantially increasing offerings of whole grain-rich foods; • Offering only fat-free or low-fat milk varieties; • Limiting calories based on the age of children being served to ensure proper portion size; and • Increasing the focus on reducing the amounts of saturated fat, trans fats and sodium. The new USDA rules are built around recommendations from the Institute of Medicine and the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans and will be largely phased in over a three-year period. Starting with the 2012-13 school year, every school lunch is required to include larger servings of fruits and vegetables and students must take one or more full servings with each meal. In the past, students were given the option of declining the fruit and vegetable offerings under Offer versus Serve guidelines but they will be required to take at least one full serving with their lunch beginning next school year. Another goal of the federal guidelines is to avoid oversized entrée portions by limiting the size of bread and protein servings and encouraging students to fill half their plate with

meals. Based on the Paid Lunch School year 2012-2013 Equity Price calculation, County Elementary Middle/High Mega/Extreme regular lunch prices for Yancey County will increase **Mitchell $1.75 $2.00 -by 5 cents and the mega Madison $1.85 $2.10 -meal price will increase by Yancey $1.85 $2.10 $2.40 10 cents. As is demonstrated Asheville City $2.10 $2.35 $2.60 by the following chart, lunch Buncombe $2.10 $2.35 $2.75 prices in Yancey County Swain $2.10 $2.35 -Schools are among the lowest Clay $2.15 $2.40 -in the western region. Henderson $2.15 $2.40 $2.75 During the 2011-12 school year, 59.92 percent of Yancey Jackson $2.15 $2.40 -County students qualified Polk $2.20 $2.40 -for free or reduced price Transylvania $2.25 $2.50 $2.75 meals. Applications will ** On June 13, 2012, the Mitchell Co. Board of Education approved a motion be distributed on the first to keep lunch prices the same and subsidize the program with local funds for day of school and parents the 2012-2013 school year. are encouraged to apply for fruits and vegetables. benefits. Applications should Studies show that school systems will incur be completed and returned to the school within rather significant increases in the plate cost due the first two weeks. Students who are eligible to the new federal standards. The standards for Food and Nutrition Services (SNAP are expected to cost $3.2 billion over the next benefits) are automatically approved for free five years. school meals and don’t need to complete an In recent years, the Yancey County Schools application. A well-balanced, nutritious school child nutrition department has proactively meal improves student learning and health, and made many healthy changes by offering a helps address food insecurity issues for many variety of fresh fruits and vegetables, only fat- families. free and low-fat milk, more servings of whole grains, and foods with reduced fat and sodium levels. In addition to these changes, YCS child nutrition has implemented several other My name is healthful initiatives while balancing healthier Jake and I am options with food choices that students are a wonderful, receptive to. Maintaining the balance is a vital bouncy lab part of improving the health and wellbeing mix. I can bounce my of children while helping students cultivate way into any lifelong healthy eating habits. home. Come Yancey County Schools child nutrition has check me out! also taken steps to improve the quality of à la carte and snack items sold in the school I am Tyler, an cafeterias in anticipation of federal nutrition amazing black standards for “competitive foods” by increasing cat. I have been the availability of healthier beverages and at the shelter since last year. snack items and by limiting serving sizes. I am ready to “Competitive foods” are the foods, snacks and have a fresh beverages not associated with the federally start with a funded school breakfast and lunch programs. loving home! The federal competitive foods guidelines, due out later this year, will also encompass foods and beverages sold or provided in concession stands, fundraising activities, classrooms and other locations on school property. The Yancey County Schools child nutrition department understands its role in helping to combat America’s childhood obesity crisis and is committed to partnering with parents, teachers, school administrators and the community to be part of the solution. Hope is a lovable terThe Healthy Hunger Free Kids Act of 2010 rier mix with one blue Tim is a playful eye and one brown. kitten. He is ready Mandates School Lunch Price Increases She will see her way to explore around The Healthy Hunger Free Kids Act of 2010, your home! into your heart! Section 205, says school systems can no longer use federal dollars from the free/reduced price lunch program to help cover the cost to produce a lunch for students who don’t receive free or reduced price meals. Using the Paid Lunch Equity Price Calculator, school systems are required to increase lunch prices by 5 cents or 10 cents each year to equal the amount reimbursed by the federal government for free

NC Region 8 Lunch Prices

Share your thoughts! Write a letter to Yancey County News, 132 W. Main St Burnsville, NC 28714 or email jonathan@yanceycountynews.com

YHS Pet Press

Call the shelter at 682-9510 for more information on these or other pets, or plan to visit us at 962 Cane River School Road.


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Regional Market Reports Which markets offer Yancey farmers the best return on their investment? Should they head west, east or south? Agriculture and food industries accounted for $29,057,488 in Yancey County income in 2000, or 7.77 percent of the total county income. Livestock, poultry, and their products accounted for 23 percent of the total agricultural market. So this list recounts the prices in the last week at regional farm markets.

STATE FARMERS MARKET - RALEIGH Date: July 18, 2012 ***Produce availability and prices paid to growers as of 8:00 a.m. If prices are not provided produce is currently unavailable.*** Produce Tenant – Wholesale Price COMMODITY VARIETY CONTAINERS Price Apples Red Delicious WA Traypack Carton (100s) 32.95-35.75 Golden Delicious WA Traypack Carton 33 -34.50 Granny Smith WA Traypack Carton 34 -36.50 Gala WA Traypack Carton 32 -36 Raleigh, NC Tue Jul 24, 2012 USDA-NC Dept of Ag Market News Fuji WA Traypack Carton 34.50-38 WNC Regional Livestock Center, Canton, NC - Weighted Average Report for Monday Jul 23, 2012 Cattle Receipts: 202 Last Week: 252 Last Year: 169. Slaughter cattle trended mostly Pink Lady WA Traypack Carton 38 -41.50 steady. Feeder cattle trended 2.00 to 4.00 higher. Slaughter cows made up 34 percent of the Red & Gold Delicious Traypack Carton offering, slaughter bulls 8 percent, replacement cows 6 percent, other cows 1 percent, and feeders (113,125,138s) 31 -33.65 52 percent. The feeder supply included 35 percent steers, 35 percent heifers, and 29 percent bulls. Red & Gold Delicious 12 3-Lb. Film Bag Near 19 percent of the run weighed over 600 lbs. 25 -29 Carton (11 Lbs.) 33.55-34.50 Feeder Steers Medium and Large 1 - 2 State Graded Goat Asparagus Bananas Carton (40 Lbs.) 21.30-23 and Sheep Sale Beans Round Green 1 1/9 Bushel Carton Head Wt Range Avg Wt Price Range Avg Price 37.15-41.25 1 295-295 295 160.00 160.00 Monroe, North Carolina July 1 305-305 305 160.00 160.00 Pole 1 1/9 Bushel Carton 29 -32 11, 2012 6 350-395 380 132.50-150.00 141.59 Beets Sack (25 Lbs.) 15.75-21.15 4 400-420 413 132.50-142.50 136.18 Blueberries Flat 12 1-Pint Cups 25 Total Receipts: 147 goats, 49 1 455-455 455 127.50 127.50 Broccoli Carton (14s) 19.95-21 sheep Last month: 395 6 500-540 522 118.00-130.00 123.71 Cabbage Round Green Carton (50 Lbs.) goats, 143 sheep 2 550-580 565 110.00-115.00 112.43 16.50-20.05 1 615-615 615 116.00 116.00 All prices are quoted per head. Cantaloupes Athena Bin (110-120s) 200 2 675-675 675 118.00 118.00 Slaughter and Replacement Carton (12s) 20.65-21.95 1 760-760 760 105.00 105.00 Classes: Carrots Sack (50 Lbs.) 28.65-34.65 Small 1 - 2 1 295-295 295 92.50 92.50 Cauliflower Carton (12s) 18.05-20 Goats 1 340-340 340 120.00 120.00 Full Celery Carton (30s) 37.85-45.05 Kids: Selection 1 40-60 lbs Holstein Large 3 Cherries Carton (16 Lbs.) 48 77.50-87.50, 60-80 lbs 110.003 305-345 327 80.00-90.00 85.08 Cilantro Carton (30s) 18.65-22.65 140.00; Selection 2 355-395 375 75.00-80.00 77.37 Corn Yellow Carton (4 1/2-5 Dozen) 2 20-40 lbs 52.50-65.00, 40-60 1 475-475 475 75.00 75.00 lbs 72.50-90.00. 17.15-20.45 White Carton (4 1/2-5 Dozen) 15 -17.15 Feeder Heifers Medium and Large 1 - 2 Yearlings: Selection 1 40-60 lbs Cucumbers Long Green Carton (40 Head Wt Range Avg Wt Price Range Avg Price 90.00-95.00; Selection 2 40-60 Lbs.) 23 -24 1 220-220 220 157.50 157.50 lbs 63.00-67.50, 1 290-290 290 142.50 142.50 Pickle Carton (40 Lbs.) 32 -35 60-80 lbs 112.50-120.00. 2 310-325 318 145.00-146.00 145.49 Cranberries 24 12-Ounce Packages 24.50 4 370-390 380 127.50-132.50 128.86 Eggplant Carton (25 Lbs.) 14 -15 Does/Nannies: Selection 1 707 420-440 430 120.00-137.50 124.82 Grapes Red Seedless Carton (18 100 lbs one at 127.50, 100-140 1 450-450 450 116.00 116.00 Lbs.) 29 -32 lbs one at 130.00; 6 515-545 526 113.00-128.00 117.43 Selection 2 50-70 lbs 87.50White Seedless Carton (18 Lbs.) 29 -32 3 550-575 565 112.00-122.00 116.66 100.00, 70-100 lbs 102.50Black Seedless Carton (18 Lbs.) 29 5 610-645 623 105.00-119.00 112.51 110.00, 100-140 lbs 90.00Red Globe Carton (18 Lbs.) 28 1 650-650 650 105.00 105.00 115.00, 140-180 lbs one at Greens Collards Bushel Carton/Loose 141.00. Medium and Large 3 (24s) 10 2 400-405 403 100.00-110.00 105.03 Kale Carton/Bunched (24s) 11.55-14.35 Wethers: Selection 1 90-125 lbs Turnips Bushel Carton 14 187.50-200.00. Feeder Bulls Medium and Large 1 - 2 Honeydews Carton (5s) 29 Head Wt Range Avg Wt Price Range Avg Price Kiwi Carton (117s) 13.05 Bucks/Billies: Selection 1 703 400-440 417 130.00-140.00 136.80 100 lbs 119.00-145.00, 100-150 Lettuce Iceberg Carton (24s Wrapped) 5 450-495 463 115.00-137.50 127.33 lbs one at 202.50, 26.50-28.45 2 525-530 528 119.00-125.00 121.99 150-250 lbs one at 185.00; Green Leaf Carton (24s) 22 -24 8 555-595 574 110.00-117.50 113.30 Selection 2 70-100 lbs 90.00Romaine Carton (24s) 26 -29.50 6 600-630 615 105.00-111.00 108.16 97.50. 1 680-680 680 103.00 103.00 Onions Yellow jumbo Sack (50 Lbs.) 20 -22.55 Pairs: Selection 2 100-140 lbs Medium and Large 3 White Sack (25 Lbs.) 14 -15 does with kids under 20 lbs 1 520-520 520 108.00 108.00 Red Sack (25 Lbs.) 15 -22.50 145.00 per pair. 1 705-705 705 94.00 94.00 Green Carton (48s) 14.65-19.65 Sheep Sweet Onions Carton (40 Lbs.) 22 -24.35 Bred Cows Medium and Large 1 - 2 Young Lambs: Choice and Prime 70Parsley 1 1/9 Bushel Carton 26.50 Head Wt Range Avg Wt Price Range Avg Price 90 lbs 85.00-90.00, 120-165 lbs Peaches Yellow/White Flesh 1/2 Bushel 1 945-945 945 875.00 875.00 Per Head 1-3 Months Bred 120.00-185.00; Good Carton 23 1 1040-1040 1040 999.00-1000 1000 Per Head 4-6 Months Bred and Choice 55-65 lbs 75.003 1270-1435 1327 999-1200 1080.12 Per Head 4-6 Months Bred Peanuts Green Bag (35 Lbs.) 51 -53 100.00; Good 44 lbs 8 head 2 1000-1175 1088 999-1100 1059.48 Per Head 7-9 Months Bred Pears Bartlett Carton (16 Lbs.) 34 at 50.00. 1 1385-1385 1385 999-1300 1300 Per Head 7-9 Months Bred Bosc Carton (90s) 34 Medium and Large 1 - 2 Middle Aged Pepper Green Bell Type 1 1/9 Bushel Ewes: Utility 140-200 lbs few Carton 16.55-20 127.50-132.50. 1 1225-1225 1225 975 975 Per Head 7-9 Months Bred Rams: 200 lbs couple 150.00. Red Bell Type Carton (11 Lbs.) Slaughter Cows Breaker 70-80% Lean 25.50-32.50 Yellow Bell Type Carton (11 Lbs.) 28 Head Wt Range Avg Wt Price Range Avg Price Source: North Carolina Dept Plums Red Carton (28 Lbs.) 27 6 1215-1380 1301 73.00-78.50 75.06 of Ag-USDA Market News 2 1270-1305 1288 83.00-85.00 84.01 High Dressing Pomegranates Carton (18s) Service, Raleigh, NC 9 1440-1615 1516 72.00-79.50 76.30 Potatoes Red Size A No. 1 Carton (50 1 1400-1400 1400 83.00 83.00 High Dressing Lbs.) 16.45-17.15 919-707-3154 www. Red Size B No. 1 Carton (50 Lbs.) 15 ncagprices.org Boner 80-85% Lean -19.50 26 950-1395 1160 70.00-78.50 74.35 White Size A Carton (50 Lbs.) 3 1110-1375 1203 80.00-82.50 81.26 High Dressing 14.35-17.15 2 915-1190 1053 64.00-69.00 66.83 Low Dressing Russet ID Carton (50 Lbs.) 19.35-20.05 2 1460-1540 1500 74.50-75.50 75.01 Radishes Red 30 6-Ounce Film Bags 1 1530-1530 1530 69.00 69.00 Low Dressing Lean 85-90% Lean 15 -16.85 6 1015-1360 1131 60.00-66.50 63.47 Raspberries Flat 12 1/2-Pint Cups 25.65 4 835-1100 948 54.00-60.00 57.39 Low Dressing Rutabagas Carton (40 Lbs.) 23 Squash Yellow Crookneck 3/4 Bushel Carton Other Cows Medium and Large 1 - 2 Young 14.35-15.15 Head Wt Range Avg Wt Price Range Avg Price Zucchini 1/2 Bushel Carton 16 -18 1 810-810 810 81.00 81.00 Strawberries California Flat 8 1-Quart Clamshells 17.15-18.95 Slaughter Bulls Yield Grade 1-2 Sweetpotatoes Orange Carton (40 Lbs.) 16 -21.45 Head Wt Range Avg Wt Price Range Avg Price 1 1465-1465 1465 98.00 98.00 White Carton (40 Lbs.) 20 -20.75 1 1220-1220 1220 88.00 88.00 Low Dressing Tomatoes Vine Ripe XLge Carton (25 Lbs.) 6 1605-2120 1831 95.00-99.00 96.95 18.65-20.75 6 1570-2010 1761 100.00-106.00 101.71 High Dressing Tomatoes,Plum Roma Carton (25 Lbs.) 18 -20 Tomatoes,Cherry Flat 12 1-Pint Baskets 22.95-25.75 Cows/Calf Pairs: (1) Medium 1 and 2 1070 lbs middle age cows with 220 lbs calves Tomatoes,Grape Flat 12 1-Pint Clamshells 19 -20 1200.00 per pair. Turnips Topped Film Bag (25 Lbs.) 11.55-22.15 Baby Calves, per head: Holsteins 60.00-90.00. Watermelon Seeded Bin 150 Goats, per head: (26) Slaughter and Replacement Classes: Kids: Selection 1 40-60 lbs Watermelon Seedless Bin 150 50.00-55.00; Selection 2 20-40 lbs 30.00-45.00; Selection 3 40-60 lbs 25.00. Does/Nannies: Selection 1 70-100 lbs 67.50-72.50. Bucks/Billies: Selection 1 70-100 lbs Farmers Line – Wholesale Price 70.00-72.50, 100-150 lbs 87.50; Selection 2 70-100 lbs 50.00-62.50. Beans Round Green Bushel Carton/Crate 15 -23 Butter Bag (4 Lbs.) 13 Green Butter Bag (8 Lbs.) 20 Speckled Butter Bag (8 Lbs.) 20 Yellow Wax Bushel Carton/Crate 25

Beets Bag (25 Lbs.) 20 Blackberries Flat 12 1-Pint Cups 24 Blueberries Flat 12 1-Pint Cups 20 -23 Cabbage Pointed Head Crate (50 Lbs.) 12 -15 Round Green Crate (50 Lbs.) 12 -15 Cantaloupe Bin (130s) 160 -175 Each 1 -1.10 Corn White Crate (4 Dozen) 13 Yellow Crate (4 Dozen) 13 White Bag (5 Dozen) 15 Yellow Bag (5 Dozen) 15 Cucumbers Long Green 3/4 Bushel Carton 15 -16 Pickle 3/4 Bushel Carton 10 -18 Eggplant 3/4 Bushel Carton 10 -18 Honeydew Each 1.50-2 Okra Carton (25 Lbs.) 20 -22 Onions Green Carton (12s) 12 Pepper Green Bell Type 1 1/9 Bushel Carton 15 -20 Jalapeno 1/2 Bushel Carton 10 -15 Hungarian Wax 1/2 Bushel Carton 10 -15 Peaches 1/2 Bushel Carton 10 -12 Peas Dixie Lee 1 1/9 Bushel Carton 15 -20 Bag (4 Lbs. Shelled) 13 Plums 1/2 Bushel Carton 20 -25 Potatoes Red Bushel Carton 22 White Bushel Carton 22 Squash Yellow 1/2 Bushel Carton 12 Zucchini 1/2 Bushel Carton 12 Yellow 3/4 Bushel Carton 15 -16 Zucchini 3/4 Bushel Carton 12 -16 Sweetpotatoes Carton (40 Lbs.) 12 -15 Tomatoes Red, Slicing Field Carton (25 Lbs.) 10 -20 German Johnson Field Carton (25 Lbs.) 28 -30 Tomatoes,Cherry Flat 12 1-Pint Baskets 18 -20 Tomatoes,Grape Flat 12 1-Pint Clamshells 18 Tomatoes,Plum Roma Carton (25 Lbs.) 14-15 Turnips Topped 1/2 Bushel Carton 9 Watermelon Seeded Each 3 -3.50 Watermelon Seedless Personal Bin (130s) 135 -160 Each 1.25-3 WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA Commodity Variety Containers Price Apples Red Delicious WA Traypack Carton 36 -38 Golden Delicious WA Traypack Carton 36 -38 Granny Smith WA Traypack Carton 36 Early Local Varieties 1/2 Bushel Carton 12 -15 Bananas Carton (40 Lbs.) 19.50-20 Beans Snap Bushel Carton/Crate Halfrunners Bushel Carton/Crate 25 -28 Cut Greasy Bushel Carton/Crate 45 Beets Sack/Loose (25 Lbs.) 13.75-15 Blueberries Flat 12 1-Pint Containers 28 -32.50 Broccoli Carton (12s) 16 -17.75 Cabbage Round Green Sack (50 Lbs.) 10 -12 Carton/Crate (50 Lbs.) 12 -13 Cantaloupes Carton (9-12s) 16 -18.75 Bin (120-140s) 150 -200 Carrots Sack (50 Lbs.) 23.50-30 Cauliflower Carton (12s) 18 -19.75 Celery Carton (30s) 28 -34.75 Citrus Grapefruit 4/5 Bushel Carton 29.75 Lemons Carton (95s) 31.50 Carton (165s) 30 -34.50 Limes Carton (150-200s) 19 -20 Navel Oranges 4/5 Bushel Carton 22 -26.75 Corn Bi-color Bag (5 Dozen) 14 -15 Yellow Bag (5 Dozen) 14 -15 White Bag (5 Dozen) 14 -15 Cucumbers Long Green 1 1/9 Bushel Carton/ Crate 15 -16 Pickle 1 1/9 Bushel Carton/Crate 25 -30 Eggplant Bushel Carton/Crate 15 -16 Grapes Red Globe Carton (18 Lbs.) 27.50-28 Red Seedless Carton (18 Lbs.) 20 -29.50 White Seedless Carton (18 Lbs.) 20 -29.50 Honeydews Carton (6-8s) 16 -18.50 Kiwi Carton (39s) 10 -10.50 Lettuce Iceberg Carton (24s) 20.75-22 Green Leaf Carton (24s) 23.75-24 Romaine Carton (24s) 27.50-30 Mushrooms Fancy Carton (10 Lbs.) 16.75-18.50 Nectarines 1/2 Bushel Carton Nuts Mixed Sack (50 Lbs.) 60 Okra 1/2 Bushel Carton 17.50-18 Onions Yellow Jumbo Sack (50 Lbs.) 17 -18 White Jumbo Sack (50 Lbs.) 21 -22 Vidalia Sack (50 Lbs.) Peaches Monroe 1/2 Bushel Basket 15 -18 White Rose 1/2 Bushel Basket 15 -18 Big Rose 1/2 Bushel Basket 15 -18 Pepper Green Bell XLge/Lge 1 1/9 Bushel Carton 14 -18 Red Bell XLge/Lge 1 1/9 Bushel Carton 28 -32.50 Jalapeno 1/2 Bushel Carton 20 -22.75 Pineapples Carton (5-8s) 14.75-15 Potatoes White Sack (50 Lbs.) 14 -24 Red Sack (50 Lbs.) 15 -24 Russet Carton (50 Lbs.) 13.50-18 Radishes 30 6-Oz. Film Bags 12.50-14 Spinach 12 10-Oz. Film Bags 18 -20 Squash Yellow Crookneck 3/4 Bushel Carton/ Crate 16 -18 Zucchini 1/2 Bushel Carton/Crate 13 -14 Acorn 1 1/9 Bushel Carton/Crate 25 Butternut 1 1/9 Bushel Carton/Crate 32 Sweetpotatoes Orange & Red No. 1 Carton (40 Lbs.) 20 -24 Orange & Red No. 2 Carton (40 Lbs.) 13 -14


July 26, 2012

• yANCEY cOUNTY nEWS 5

Obituaries Robert ‘Paul’ Ponder

and Bob McCurry officiating. The family the Rev. Rick Bennett officiated. Memorials be made to Hospice of will receive friends one hour prior to the Yancey County, 856 George’s Fork Road, service. Interment will follow at Clark Robert “Paul” Ponder, 89, of the Bethel Burnsville, NC 28714. Community died Tuesday, July 24, 2012. Town Cemetery. He was the son of the late Robert “Bob” and Doshia Tomberlin Ponder. In addition to his parents he is preceded in death by brothers Leslie, Elzie, Lee and Ralph Ponder. Mr. Ponder was a devoted Christian and loving husband, daddy and papaw. He served in the United States Army during WWII The Advanced Auto Parts store in Burnsville and retired from Spruce Pine Mica as a was targeted by safecrackers Wednesday night machinist. or Thursday morning. Mr. Ponder is survived by his loving wife Store employees said the business was of nearly 65 years, Atlas Shepherd Ponder, closed as usual Wednesday night but that daughter Sharon Buckner and husband when they arrived to open early Thursday the Randy; granddaughter Brandi Buckner back door had been pried open. The alarm and Ball; grandson Johnathon Buckner as telephone wiring had been cut and the safe in well as several nieces, nephews and the business had been broached. loving friends and church family. He also Other business owners in the shopping center had many loving friends and wonderful on U.S. 19 E said police and sheriff’s officers caregivers at Madison Manor Nursing were processing the scene early Thursday. Facility. The clerk at town hall said the police chief A funeral service was Thursday, July 26, was not available Thursday morning. at Bethel Baptist Church of which he was a Joe Robinson member and served as deacon for 46 years and church clerk from 1960-1968. Revs. Joe Robinson, 83, of the Double Island Eddie Rice and Troy Rogers will officiate. community, died Wednesday, July 18, Burial will follow in the Church Cemetery. Donations may be made to the Bethel 2012, at his home. A native of Yancey Baptist Church building Fund, c/o John County, he was a son of the late Melvin Radford, 395 Shake Rag Rd., Mars Hill, and Dovie Buchanan Robinson. He was also preceded in death by sisters: Cora NC 28754. Presnell, Clorene Reo and Pauline Silvers; brothers: Walter Bristoe, Howard, Mack C. Jerry Lee Griffith and Ralph B. Robinson. Joe was a retired Jerry Lee Griffith, 64, of Asheville, spar mill worker and a member of Double passed away Sunday, July 22, 2012, at Island Fire Department for 11 years. Surviving are his wife of 63 years, Lucille Stonecreek Health & Rehabilitation. A with Rollback Truck! native of Yancey County, he was a son of Robinson; four sons: Gerald Robinson and the late J. C. “Rusty” and Gaynell Young wife, Gail, Jimmy Robinson and wife, & Rollback Service! Griffith. He was also preceded in death by a Evelyn, and Rick Robinson and wife, sister: Vernell Griffith Hill; and, a brother: Teresa, all of Green Mountain and Kenny Pay Fair Price Robinson and wife, Lori, of Burnsville; two Ricky. Jerry was an Army veteran. Will Pick Up Vehicle Surviving are his sons: Jerry O. Griffith sisters: Betty Smith of Asheville and Marie of Rockingham and Eric Lee Griffith of Roland of Marion; eight grandchildren and 828-284-7522 828-284-7537 Asheville; 3 grandchildren: Eric Lee 13 great-grandchildren. Funeral service was Saturday in Double Griffith, Jr., Brianna Griffith and Houston Island Baptist Church of which he was a Griffith; and, brothers: Duane Griffith of Winston Salem and Wayne Griffith of New member and deacon for 43 years. Revs. Ricky Woody and J. C. Wilson officiated. York. Services will be held at 4 p.m. Saturday Burial was in the Double Island Church in the Chapel of Holcombe Brothers Cemetery. Funeral Home. Rev. Bill Whiteside will Linda Beth Creasman officiate. The family will receive friends 1 hour Linda Beth Creasman Allen, 70, of prior to the service at the funeral home. the Pigeon Roost Community, Mitchell County, passed away on Friday, July 20, Alice Bertha Campbell Alice Bertha Campbell, 77, of Buffalo 2012, at Brookside Rehabilitation Center in Street, Erwin, Tenn., Passed away July Burnsville. She was the daughter of the late 24, 2012 at Erwin Health Care. A Native Victor and Josephine Kelly Creasman. She of Mitchell County, she was the daughter was preceded in death by a brother-in-law, of the late Arthur and Elizabeth Clark Andrew Allen. Linda loved the outdoors Roberts. She was a homemaker and a where she tended her flowers and garden. Surviving are her husband Max Allen member of Spring Creek Baptist Church. and a brother, Bruce Creasman of Black Survivors include her daughter, Mary Yelton, and husband E. Y. of Marion, three Mountain. Mother-in-law, Maefrie Allen sons; Austin Butler, of Erwin, Tenn., J. of Barnardsville; Brother-in-laws: James C. Butler and wife Nita, of Bakersville, Allen of Charleston, SC , Lloyd and wife, and David Jason Roberts, of Erwin, Tenn, Imajean Allen of Burnsville, Lenny and one sister, Anna Johnson, of Piney Flats, wife, Teresa Allen of Jacksonville, Fl and Tenn., eight grandchildren, and three great- Tilson Allen of Lancaster, KY, Eugene Allen of Barnardsville, and a sister-ingrandchildren. Funeral services will be held Friday, law, Linda Huntley of Asheville. Several July 27, at 2 p.m. in the chapel of Henline cousins, nieces and nephews also survive. Funeral service was Monday, July 23, - Hughes Funeral Home with Dennis Wall in the Chapel of Yancey Funeral Services,

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6 July 26, 2012

• yANCEY cOUNTY nEWS

Parents may inspect teacher qualifications The Federal No Child Left and core academic subjects he/ County Schools is committed Behind Act requires school she teaches. to providing quality instruction districts to notify parents/legal • Whether the teacher is for all students. guardians of children attending teaching under emergency If you would like to receive Title I schools of their right status because of special any of the information listed to know the professional circumstances. above for your child’s teacher/ qualifications of the classroom • The teacher’s college paraprofessional, please teachers and paraprofessionals major, whether the teacher contact your child’s school who instruct their child. All K has any advanced degrees and to request forms or you may – 8 schools in Yancey County the field of discipline of the download forms at http:// are Title I Schools. certification or degree. www.yanceync.net/; select Yancey County Schools • Whether paraprofessionals/ Federal Programs, Title I, will provide you with this teacher assistants provide TchrQualStmnt.doc. Please information in a timely manner services to your child and, if return completed forms to if you request it. Specifically, so, their qualifications. your child’s school. Carla you have the right to request I n a d d i t i o n , t h e l a w McMahan, Yancey County the following information requires that all schools that Schools Human Resources about each of your child’s core receive Title I funds provide Director, maintains these academic-subject teachers/ notification to every parent records for Yancey County paraprofessionals: in the school whose child is Schools and responds to at 6 p.m. at In The • Whether the teacher meets being taught for four or more parent requests received from Garden Restaurant. the state qualifications and weeks by a teacher who is schools. The restaurant will licensing criteria for the grades not Highly Qualified. Yancey be preparing a meal especially for us, $14.95 per person will includes meat, The Gates’ Studio love of painting in preferred mediums Holland, Gaylene vegetables, salad ,bread, drink and Wednesday Painters 2002. Over the years, and subjects. The Petcu, Anne Sabri, dessert.” will be exhibiting the membership has exhibit will include Kathleen Turczyn, Please RSVP no paintings at the Toe fluctuated somewhat, landscapes, portraits J e a n e t t e Wa r n e r, later than July 30 River Arts Council but the group has ( b o t h h u m a n a n d deJarnette Wood, and to Tammy Riddle Gallery, 102 W. Main always had around animal), still lives, Nancy Wood. McEntyre at 682-7223. Street in Burnsville ten members. This and wildlife created Please come and You can also RSVP from Aug. 4 – Sept. special exhibition in oils, pastels, or join these artists at with Fonda Bennett of collective works watercolors. Artists the Meet the Artists T h o m a s , K a t h y 15. T h i s g r o u p o f is a celebration of a i n c l u d e B a r b a r a Reception on Friday, Fender Ray or Angie p a i n t e r s c a m e decade of painting and Deschenes, Pauline August 17 from 5 p.m. Robinson Miller on together to share their friendship. D i a l s , S u s a n – 7 p.m. Facebook. Each of the artists Garriques, Sandra has a distinct style and G a t e s , C h a r l o t t e

Class of 1982, Where are you? The Mountain Heritage High School Class of 1982 is holding a reunion. If you attended Mountain Heritage High School with the class of 1982, we would love to get together with you, class representatives said. “If you moved away or didn’t get to walk across the stage because of one reason or another, it doesn’t matter! We would love for all to attend. Saturday, August 11, 74239

Gates’ studio painters to exhibit at TRAC

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July 26, 2012

• yANCEY cOUNTY nEWS 7

Both sides point fingers in ongoing sewer line debate From the front But from the time the sewer expansion was envisioned in the last century until today, one industry it was designed to serve has closed, the expected population bulge has evaporated, costs have risen and the exact description of what is being installed has changed. On top of that, a federal agency has now put a major portion of the work on hold because it says the location of a road to the planned sewer treatment facility has been moved; residents have sought and received a court order to stop the wanton removal of railroad ties on land where the sewer lines are being installed; and at least one landowner says the county never received permission to dig up her property. And as the county spent years seeking voluntary easements from affected landowners, the ‘price’ of those easements - as valued in the number of free future sewer connections for those landowners - has steadily increased. But to an observant eye, the most serious questions arise over whether what was promised is what is being built, and whether the county completed the condemnation process to assure it actually had the right to start bulldozing some land. The sewer line is stretching from the Hickory Springs factory off N.C. 80 S to near the east edge of Burnsville. The sewage will be treated at a facility off of Wyatt Town Road. The resulting effluent will be discharged into the South Toe River. The county went to court to get easements on some property off Wyatt Town Road near where the sewer treatment facility is being built, and what the court ordered is the crux of some of the confusion. According to a Superior Court judgment dated Aug. 18, 2011, members of the McMahan family and others were paid $875 at the direction of the court for an easement to allow the East Yancey Water & Sewer District access to build and maintain the sewer line running to the planned treatment facility just upstream. According to the court ruling, the defendants - the landowners - retain the right to use the land “in the same manner as has been heretofore done,” excluding building structures or planting trees. The order notes that the sewer district “agrees to restore the topography of said easement area after installation of the sewer lines ... to approximately the same condition as existed before said installation.” The judgment is signed by Superior Court Judge C. Phillip Ginn. But what the sewer district has actually done with the land is completely different than what was outlined in the order. The county has built a permanent road atop the easement, and plans to use that road as the sole and continuous access for the sewage treatment facility. When asked to explain why the county had built the road where it only seemed to have legal right to bury sewer pipes, County Manager Nathan Bennett said that engineering maps attached to the ruling show that a road was to be built on the easement. “I don’t know why the language is like it is,” he said Wednesday. “This is the standard language that’s in most of our easements.”

Asked earlier this month in an email how the apparent conflict could be resolved, Bennett replied by email: “This will be a matter for the attorneys to work to clarify.” It is where the sewer parallels the South Toe River off Wyatt Town Road that the county is facing other issues, as well. One involves landowner Frances Boyd, who owns property near the McMahan land over which the sewer - and now the road - crosses. A local resident familiar with the situation said Mrs. Boyd inherited the land from her grandmother. The Yancey County News did speak with Boyd about the land, but she did not want to speak on the record. The individual familiar with the situation said neither the county nor the sewer district has “gotten permission” from Boyd to build or access her land. According to the individual, “the county manager sat right there” in his office and told Mrs. Boyd that the county was going to install sewer pipes, and “the land would be put back in the same shape it was in.” “Now they’ve decided they are going to put a hard top road” atop the sewer line, the individual said. Bennett said Wednesday that condemnation proceedings had begun against the Boyd land. “We’ve either got easements or condemnation action. There has been a condemnation against Frances Boyd. I can’t tell you - from a legal perspective - what has happened there. I think all the first (legal) work was done. But I don’t think it was ever taken to the next level” which would result in a judge assigning the easement to the sewer district. “I don’t’ think … she actually got formal condemnation” orders, Bennett said. Boyd was also upset that the rails that once were a local railbed on the property have been removed. Others in the Micaville area have been upset over the removal of rails, which they feel have value. Some landowners who voluntarily deeded easements to the sewer district had it put in writing that the rails would be pulled and stacked for the landowners personal use. Some Micaville landowners have received a court order to stop an individual from removing rails along the old railroad, but Mrs. Boyd was apparently not involved in that case. Rails have been removed from along Wyatt Town Road, and the county manager says the old railbed was dug up and silt that resulted did apparently flow into the South Toe. He said the removal of the rails was done with no apparent regard for the river or for the land, and no silt fences or other environmental controls were in place. “Environmentally it was a mess; a big, muddy mess that was running into the river.” But Bennett says the county and sewer district has always intended to use the old railroad bed as the path for the road to the sewage treatment facility, Brian Tompkins, a U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service biologist, disagrees. “Why did they put (the road) in? I don’t know. They never informed anybody that they were putting that road in there. They never informed the Fish & Wildlife Service about that road ... in the current location,” he said. Fish & Wildlife, a federal agency, is tasked with overseeing protection of the South Toe River because the river is habitat for the Appalachian elk toe, an endangered freshwater mussel. Fish & Wildlife is consulted by the Army Corps of Engineers whenever any work along waterways may threaten endangered species such as the Appalachian elk toe, he said, though it is the Corps that issues permits. Tompkins says the county originally planned to bring the road in from further up Wyatt

Town, in a manner that would not impact the river at all. The county has now built the road along the river, thought Tompkins said that plan “was never taken into consideration for any of our analyses of impact on the river.” But the county manager contends that Fish & Wildlife and the Army Corps had no role in whether the county used the old railbed. “They didn’t have to be told. That road was not an impact to the river. The only time they should have been notified was where the road crosses (a) stream” on the property, and the county has properly dealt with that crossing to avoid impacting the river, Bennett said. He said the project has been under way for so many years that the federal inspectors who started the project took actions that the current inspectors and biologists don’t know about. “The Corps predecessors walked the road with the ... engineers,” Bennett said. “They said ‘this is an existing impact’ because of the pre-existing railroad,” he said. “They told (designer) McGill and Associates ‘this is not a new impact. You don’t need to submit it.’ ” But Tompkins, the biologist, has other issues with the sewer lines along Wyatt Town Road. He says the county was given permission to install a gravity flow sewage line, but now the sewer district is installing a pressurized line from near U.S. 19E to the future treatment facility. He said that increases the risk to the river and the mussels in the event of a leak. “The reason we have an issue with that is that going back to 2005 we wanted all the pipes off the creeks and off the rivers.” (The county) told us they couldn’t do that because it was all going to be gravity (flow)” so it had to parallel the river. “Once we saw a month or so ago that it was going to be forced” - meaning pressurized - “that changed everything.” As the pipes on Wyatt Town Road are pressurized, no one whose land there was affected can pipe their sewage into the system, meaning they can’t benefit from having a municipal sewer system. Others, though, made sure they got their benefit in writing. Since 2006, more than 25 landowners have assigned easements to the sewer district for the standard legal payment of $1. But as time passed, some apparently began to see the value of having a sewer line accessible on their land. Early on, two landowners received the promise of a total of three free sewer taps on their property, but most of the others apparently didn’t seek to trade an attachment for their land. Later, though, the idea flourished. At least four landowners asked for and received two sewer hookups for free, while at least two received three connections. Two more received four connections in return for their easement, and one of those also got in writing that they were to be reimbursed nearly $11,000 for shrubs that might be removed or disturbed by the construction. One easement grantor sought and received eight sewer hookups from the county. Bennett said the county has formalized the cost of a future permit to connect to the sewer, but couldn’t come up with the number. Tompkins said Bennett told him the cost to get access to tie in to the sewer will be $3,000 per connection. To compare, the McMahans on Wyatt Town received $875 for their easement, and no sewer connection, while another resident received eight connections which together would be valued at $24,000. Bennett pointed out that all sewer customers will pay standard sewer bills once the system is up and running.


8 July 26, 2012

• yANCEY cOUNTY nEWS

Mel Chin brings his artwork home

F

Special to the Yancey County News or the first time, Burnsville artist Mel Chin will be exhibiting artwork in Western North Carolina as the Asheville Art Museum hosts High, Low and In Between, an exhibition of Chin’s latest creations, from July 27 to Nov. 25. Prior to this, local art appreciators would have had to travel to other states or countries to view the originals, but now they can experience the projects here at home. Chin, originally from Texas and a graduate of Peabody College in Nashville, moved to Yancey County over 10 years ago from New York City after establishing a firm presence in the art world. His solo and group exhibitions include the Museum of Modern Art; the Hirshhorn Museum in Washington D.C.; the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York; Los Angeles’ Museum of Contemporary Art; the Seventh Architectural Biennial in Venice, Italy; Kwangju Biennale in Korea; Walker Art Center in Minneapolis; Menil Collection in Houston; and the High Museum in Atlanta. A book on Chin, entitled Do Not Ask Me, was released last year. Many monographs and catalogs over the years also feature his works, and another exhibition catalog is now in production and will be based upon a featured Asheville work, The Funk & Wag from A to Z. The Burnsville artist has been featured on the PBS television series Art21, has been the focus of articles in dozens of art journals, newspapers and magazines, and has received numerous honors, awards and grants. His work is currently showing in Germany, Texas, Louisiana, California, and now North

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Carolina. Recently he opened his own website (www.melchin.org) to share a multitude of art mediums, categories, projects, and themes. In February 2014, a retrospective will be honoring the 60-year-old artist. It will be called Re-Match, and the lifetime of work will be shown at the New Orleans Museum of Art. When he is not on relentless design-related ventures (recently, for example, to Africa, Italy, Netherlands, Spain, Germany, Chile, and Canada) the artist’s home base is on 30 acres in Yancey County. And no matter where on earth he is, he’s likely to be designing, inventing, planning, or sketching. To help materialize these designs, he has hired skilled fabricators from throughout the world - from rug weavers in Turkey to film technicians in New York City, from animators in Chili to auto body painters in Burnsville. And if you hear the workshop rhythms of band saws or welders anywhere in local counties, it could possibly be an employee fabricating one of his latest ideas. He has become an important employer for many residents during the active days of an artwork’s fabrication, installment, documentation, and research. And you can bet that before the sawdust on his last project can settle on the studio floor, he has already envisioned, planned, drawn, or finalized the details on the next five. Conceptual Artist Chin is a conceptual artist, which means, among other things, that he does not limit himself solely to conventional art mediums, such as two-dimensional ink sketches or threedimensional bronze sculpture, although he produces both. Rather, he uses/invents/applies any thing and any action in the world that is most appropriate to materialize his concepts and concerns. It seems that the world is both his medium (literally) and his purpose. One example of this is his Revival Field project. Begun decades ago and eventually in soil located in Germany and Minnesota, Chin formed the earth into a geometrical circlewithin-a-square and applied within it living plants, hyper-accumulators that were capable of leaching the heavy-metal toxins from the soil. This inventive, living artwork was done in collaboration with a U.S.D.A. scientist.

With this one ongoing project, Chin fused art, science, technology, the U.S. government, and effective political action, in addition to shapeshifting the role of an artist. Concerning objects, Chin has said: “Words and human expression can do some of the work, yet objects themselves are loaded with a wealth of information and power and possibilities.” And in creating his conceptual projects, as an illustration, Chin has used loaded objects as his medium: animal parts; hundreds of human glass eyeballs; a prime-time television show; thousands of participating people; 18 computers; gun powder; biochemistry; sand; human bones; the abstract concept of a lie; lead poisoning; world currencies; a chalk board; the New York subway; auto parts; a vehicle; a vending machine; a video game; 5,000 rusted nails; Burnsville bamboo; semi-precious stones; gold; himself as he dramatically slams a sledge-hammer; thousands of metal butterflies; animation; T-shirts; film; hundreds of books; other artist’s works, and an active satellite. Object To Action Those who know Chin’s work know that he cares about what’s happening in the world. Instead of a clock, for example, he has proposed that people use a climate countdown widget. It would be connected to cell phones and laptops as a motivation for affecting responsible climate-altering behavior. Called CLI-mate, it would be an indicator of the climatological health of the world tied into each user’s daily input. In another example, he addressed the concept of animal extinctions. Chin cast nonreproducible molds of the extinct animal’s physical form and installed them in their once natural milieu; that of a Labrador Duck was installed in a pond of water, and a Passenger Pigeon was perched on a tree branch, both in Central Park. But 20 years ago Chin’s focus graduated from creating art objects to instigating choices of activity via his art. He leaped from artwork to art-at-work; from art to applied-art; from ob-jects to act-jects; from symbol manipulator to choice motivator; from mirroring powerful symbolic objects of art to society, to mobilizing that society powerfully via his art. See Page 10


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Penland Gallery features exhibition for ‘wave of creative talent’

The Penland Gallery wanted to have a show featuring young artists whose work might point in new directions, so they asked a group of artists, teachers, collectors, and curators to suggest artists who might fit the bill. The result is Forecast: A New Wave of Creative Talent, an exhibition that includes many different styles and media and some striking new ideas. The show runs through September 16 with an opening reception on Friday, July 27, from 7-8:30 p.m. Included are pieces by 17 artists working in wood, steel, photography, drawing, ceramics, books, textiles, jewelry, and paper. When visitors enter the gallery,

they are immediately confronted by a seven-foot quilt that creates through intricate layers of appliqué - an almost-photographic selfportrait of the artist. Another wall of the gallery is covered with Melanie Mowinski’s calendars, which are sheets of paper completely filled with tiny words and drawings in a grid representing all the days of a single year. Each of the sheets is an intricate visual diary of a year in the artist’s life. Israeli jeweler Ruta Reifen is represented by several brightcolored pendants that mimic plant forms and are made from copper, auto-body paint, and epoxy. Ceramic sculptor Yoen Joo Lee

presents a group of six porcelain dolls with oversized craniums, who appear to be kick boxing. Like these pieces, everything in the show involves a novel use of materials or surprising images and forms. Along with this special exhibition, Penland’s small Focus Gallery has a show of Sarah

Loertscher’s silver jewelry inspired by the crystalline structures of minerals. The Penland Gallery also has a sales area featuring work in all media by artists affiliated with the school. Located just off Penland Road in Mitchell County, the gallery is open 10 - 5, Tuesday through Saturday; 12 - 5 on Sunday; closed on Mondays.

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• yANCEY cOUNTY nEWS

From Burnsville, Chin unveils the history of the world From page 8 It seems to Chin the concept of an artwork trumps its existence; his designed objects are not an end in themselves, but rather they are a means to an action. And it is so important that he lists a category for this on his website: artistic endeavors involving/requiring human action/participation. He even uses action - as an art tool - for/by himself. For example, while holding an artwork/prop, he may employ dramatic action to prod an audience into awareness. These brief, dramatic, intense presentations in public settings are listed on his website under the category of “performances.” As Chin redefines what an artist does, he keeps revolutionizing what an artist can accomplish. Another successful example of this is his ongoing Fundred Dollar Bill Project, a national movement that he created which addresses lead poisoning, and involves thousands of people from all 50 states. To many, Chin has become unclassifiable: a perpetrator of change and a wake-up agent; a cutting-edge futurist; an artist with revolutionary tendencies; a revolutionary with artistic tendencies; a product designer of countless symbolic objects. With the world as his canvas, he seeks ways to actively change/uplift/help the human and earthly condition.

where design sensibilities prevail. It’s a place of phases where the quiet, synaptic buzz of physical metamorphism may rival any excitement at the final end product’s opening night reception.

The Funk & Wag From A To Z One project that was recently invented behind the Burnsville studio doors is The Funk & Wag from A to Z, which will be displayed for four months beginning July 27 in the Asheville Art Museum. In this one piece Chin tackles all of written history, up to the early 1950s, which, coincidentally, is when he was born. In it he confiscated and then assailed an entire set of encyclopedic facts - all 25 volumes of an encyclopedia - using its thousands of pages of photographs and the implied paradigms and contexts therein. All of its topics, all of its history, all of its facts became Chin’s sandbox to toy with. It was as if the 60-yearold artist challenged a feud with 60-year-old reference books to reshuffle the (editorial) truth (of encyclopedic data). Chin had the advantageous weaponry of 20-20 hindsight and decades of postpublication insights. And the final outcome was his story (history.) He stripped it of all its written text, then took thousands of black-and-white photographs, and excised, burned, folded, sliced, The Burnsville Studio shuffled, connected, separated, stacked, curled, punched, wove, On busy days on his Yancey twisted, chopped, sprayed, County property, you may find a intertwined, aligned, layered, woodworker planing wood in the melded, punctured, stabbed, workshop, a welder, an archivist, a extracted, duplicated, pounded, personal assistant on the Internet, halved, tore, regrouped, sprinkled, and assistants scuttling everywhere pressed, ironed, dropped, slammed, else. It’s a place of experiment ripped, spun, pinned, dappled, where things are created to create juxtaposed, feathered, stroked, other things; where walls are sewed, rubbed, wetted, and glued stacked with unique handmade them. tools and jigs. These were conscious cuts It’s a place of process where a - thousands and thousands and support frame used to create art thousands of conscious cuts, can be as complicated or ingenious where common scissors met the depth of his perception. For every volume, each manipulation was done with astute, intentional, editorial meaning, and with foresight/ hindsight and razor clarity. Then Chin and several ‘Mel Chin’s Labrador Duck’ immortalized the extinct species a s s i stants and noted the year it disappeared. glued the as the final artwork itself. In his manipulated images onto thick bronze sculpture, Shape of a Lie, black background paper. a huge balloon was suspended It was a colossal task. from the roof and its support frame Months later Chin emerged resembled a 3-D puzzle. with a reinvented, reinterpreted, It’s a place where Chin’s double- reformatted, fractled, entrophied, meaning symbols materialize; metamorphosed ‘encyclopedia.’ where his intellect attacks physical The books, like a resurrected matter; where geometry rules; phoenix, had been given another

Chin’s Myrrah-PIA (Post-Industrial Age) was commissioned by the city of New York for a New York park.

attempt at existence; but this time, a very different DNA existence. Each volume of words, from A to Z, had been transmuted into volumes of images from A to Z. Chin ‘rewrote’ all 25 volumes of the books – visually, and they were now all ‘reprinted’ into 524 collages. His filter had transformed them. Freed from contextual, cultural, and time constraints, the photos are thousands of ‘now’ moments from the pages of history, with new connections that were not possible (or not intended or not foreseeable or not expected) when originally published. It is as if Chin culled the planet’s iconic moments then ‘bigbanged’ them into an illusionary universe. Splayed onto a 2-D wall of collage existence that current culture can’t correct or explain, the 9,446 pages of written history became 524 pages of visual HISstory. In the collages, time-warped meetings of famous people occur, Big Bird gets an intervention, extinct animals are recreated, green machines reach new heights, mother nature unfolds, the truth of Nikola Tesla is disclosed, city planning is satirized, wars are reviewed, world figures exchange perceptions, famous art is redrawn, new who-done-it stories are foretold, machines are invented for problems that weren’t recognized, and on and on and on, for hundreds more. It’s a riot of visual puns and comical satire. It’s a play on not words, but on images that represent

our world. It’s a series of “ahah” and “wow” moments. The piece is organized on walls by volumes from A to Z, and then, within that, by topics that fall within that volume. (The World War II collage is under the “W” volume, for war.) Observers say it isn’t easy to give a sense of how it feels to experience the piece. You walk into a visual book, the walls lined from ceiling to floor. It engages you to seek resolutions and explanations; to hunt for intended meanings (or intended non-meanings?), and facts (or non-facts?). For those who look close enough (using the provided opera binoculars), it feels like the collages are a visual trip and an inverted world where facts and fantasy collide, where clever entanglements of non-associations occur, where nonsensical rules govern, where trivia pursuers get stuck in time warps, and where iconic mythologies are layered in space/time squeezes. Perhaps it should come with its own warning label, like from a doctor’s prescription: “Before taking, read all the titles for deciphering clues, and check your mental acuity for balance. Mild disorientation is common. Side effects may include farsightedness, immobilization, eye strain, mind burn, brain freeze, seeing double, dizziness, time-warp sensation, induced trance, lower/higher awareness, or upset stomach. See Page 13


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Cherish and respect every moment you have Warning, this week’s column is not about the outdoors. It does not contain the warm story that can bring back memories of youth. Instead, it is one of heartbreak and terror. Last weekend our country experienced something sinister. A lone gunman stepped into a crowded theatre and began to unload round after round into whoever happened to be in front of him. He calculated each move he made, working it to precision until his firearm jammed. At that point he ceased and waited for authorities to come and apprehend him. He did not wish to die in his brief act of evil. He walked into a building where he knew no one would be armed, while protected by armor himself, just in case. He was diabolical and heinous. Life does not pretend to be fair. Everyone goes through something they should never have to. A parent should never have to bury their child. A stranger should never have to pay their respects to another who sacrificed the one thing they can never get back so that stranger could see live. Unfortunately this happens. It has happened before and it will happen again. Often these situations start political feuds. One side will contest if guns were harder to get then a tragedy such as this would never have happened. The other side will counteract the argument with the premise if the gunman would have known someone may fire back that it may have deterred him. I do stand on one side of the argument, but I will not make

Quilt Guild presents quilt show This yearʼs Quilt Show presented by the Mountain Piecemakers Quilt Guild will be held from Thursday, Aug 2-10 at the Burnsville Town Center, weekdays from 10 a.m.-5 p.m. Saturday will be 8:30 to 5 p.m. and on Sunday from 1 p.m.-5 p.m.. Admission is $# and children 12 and under are free. The Guild currently has 73 members who enjoy not only the monthly meetings held on the second Tuesday featuring well known keynote speakers, but also workshops, a Quilt Bee held during the week as well as a Saturday Bee. Guildmembers participate in a monthly donation of beautiful quilts for children through Project Linus, which provides quilts to children in hospitals, family violence situations and other trauma events. At Christmas the Guild sponsors at least one family in need from Mitchell, Yancey and Madison counties by providing gifts or other assistance.

during his time at large. You cannot create enough barriers to prohibit madness from finding a way. If there is anything that can be learned, it is this: Life is short; there is no way of knowing exactly when the end is near. We can be taken from this earth by accidents, by health, or by consequences of evil. No one knew that evening when entering the theater that they would not see the film to its conclusion. Because life is short, we must cherish and respect every moment we have. It is not fair what the people of Aurora, Colorado had to endure, and will have to endure in the next few months. Many lost their life; many more lost their loved one. Meanwhile, the one, and only one, responsible gets to live out a dream of being the key character in his own fantasy movie. In all likelihood, he will have a short time remaining to come to grips with his actions. Then it will be God’s turn to incorporate punishment upon the argument in respect to those who have lost the guilty. Life may not be fair, but God’s their lives. judgment certainly will be. Again life is not fair, but is just as equally unfair to think if someone of this man’s Bill Howard is an avid bowhunter and madness wanted to make the insidious outdoorsman. He teaches hunter education statement he did, that he would have found a (IHEA) and bowhunter education (IBEP) in way. Madness never belongs in the argument. North Carolina. He is a member of North Timothy McVeigh did not need a gun to cause Carolina Bowhunters Association and Pope the destruction of property and lives that he & Young, and is an official measurer for both. did. Eric Rudolph did not need a firearm to He can be reached at billhoward outdoors@ injure more than 150 people and kill two gmail.com.

In conjunction with the Quilt Show the members make a quilt each year that is raffled off to raise funds to purchase fabric to make the Project Linus quilts, bring in speakers for programs and workshops, etc. Those interested in becoming a member of the Guild may call Angie at 828-691-0449 or Dorothy at 619-9220052.

Bill Howard’s

Outdoors

Hearing screenings set at schools

This screening is completed in accordance with State and Federal guidelines. If you have any questions please call Pete Peterson, Yancey County Schools will be conducting Exceptional Children’s Program Director, its annual hearing screening during the weeks at the Yancey County Board of Education of August 6-17. Students in the following (828-682-6101). grades will be screened: Kindergarten thru Third Grade, Seventh and Eleventh grade. All other students will be screened only upon request of the parent, new referrals to Tim Brown Architecture the Exceptional Children’s Program, and upon request of special education teachers. custom residential Any parent who does not wish for his/ commercial her child to be screened must submit a institutional written request to the school principal indicating that the hearing screening tbaarch.com 312.401.1236 should not be conducted.

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VACANCY ANNOUNCEMENT YANCEY COUNTY is seeking qualified individuals for the following positions: MANAGER/CLERK – LICENCE PLATE AGENCY PROCESSING CLERK – LICENCE PLATE AGENCY Associates Degree in Business Administration or related discipline preferred OR an equivalent combination of training and experience. Must have experience in public service and be computer literate, and hold current notary public credentials. Full vacancy announcement available at www. yanceycountync.gov/employment. Salary dependent upon education/experience. Yancey County or North Carolina Application required and available from Yancey County Manager’s Office, Courthouse, Room 11, Burnsville, NC. Application must be received by 5:00 p.m. on 8/10/2012.

Drop off your donations for the Yancey Humane Society Flea Market! Look for the location in the Burnsville Plaza between GO Grocery and Fred’s. Donations accepted every Saturday and Wednesday from 10 a.m. - 3 p.m. The auction will be held at the same location Sept. 21-23!


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CLASSIFIEDS FOR RENT

Artist Cabin & Studio. Burnsville/Celo. Enjoy the soothing sound of cascading bold water all at your own mountain retreat. This unique property features a cabin that retains vintage charms with pleasant updates and stunning decor, including vaulted ceilings, huge sunny windows, and a detached garage workshop/studio area. Enjoy the private covered back deck overlooking the creek as well as a covered front porch. Included are a stove, microwave and a refrigerator. Super location in a premier arts community. National forest trails are within walking distance. Close to all area attractions. Call 704-516-9273. Manufactured HomeBurnsville/Celo: Enjoy the soothing sound of cascading bold water all at your own mountain retreat. This unique property features a like-new 2005 Clayton manufactured 2 bed/2 bath home with generous vaulted master suite, including a

washer-dryer, and kitchen, possible owner financing, $144,000. Close to town of Burnsville. 828-777-0667 , 828-683-7810 .

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huge garden tub and a walkin closet. Enjoy the large spacious eat-in kitchen, and a private covered back deck King Size Foam Rubber overlooking the creek. There M a t t r e s s . L i k e n e w is a covered front porch as condition. $25. 682-9250 well. Included are a washer, dryer, stove, microwave Lots from 3 to 7 acres, or and refrigerator. This is a all 21.57 acres. Snow Hill super location in a premier Boxwoods for Sale. $10 arts community. National each. 828.208.0406. Forest trails within walking distance; Close to all area For Sale By Owner: 2 attractions. Call 704-516- Bdrm, 1 Bath Cedar home with great views, Best value 9273. 2 BR 1 Bath house on in South Toe/Celo area. 1 a private lot. Has garden acre, beautifully landscaped spot with wood or oil heat. grounds. Call 828-675-5464. Partly furnished. No pets 9 am to 9 p.m. or smokers. Call 678-5070 or 682-0051 for more information. If no answer Sewing alterations. Call 208-3999. Week of and 7/30/12 - 8/5/12 leave message. Deposit Low Interest Loans to reference required.. Qualified Home Owners for Any home improvement projects. 828-273-0970 Blue Belle Farms, A U’Neat 2.2 Acres, Unique 1946 Gift shop and makers of r e n o v a t e d b a r n , o p e n Goat Soaps and Lotions is concept, 1 bedroom, 1 currently seeking Crafters to custom bath, hardwood join the fun! You keep 100% floors, great walk-in closets, of YOUR proceeds for a very all appliance, including small rental fee. Please stop by 127 West Main Street to

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The Weekly Crossword ACROSS 1 Question starter 5 Fixed pace 9 Rhythmical accent 13 Distinctive air 14 Ornamental headpiece 16 Waste time 17 Part of the eye 18 Orbital motion 20 Table utensils 22 Nativity scene 23 Long time 24 Polluted fog 26 Make lace edging 27 Secret agent 30 Strange 32 Declare 34 Handle a weapon 36 In the past 38 Force out 42 Metal mixture 43 Mongrel 44 Large farm 45 Kind of buoy 46 Prohibit 47 Excessive 48 Cut of beef 50 Brief sleep 52 Poem 53 Feathered scarf 56 Yea or nay 58 Cotillion attendee 60 Yearly 62 Making flat 67 One-wide line 69 False god 70 Spiritual nature 71 Giant 72 Dried up 73 Solitary 74 Inclination 75 Identical DOWN 1 Stray child 2 Throw forcefully 3 Opera solo 4 Sample

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OPPORTUNITIES

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Cooperative Extension seeking to hire Director of

TRACTOR

(Toe River Aggregation Center Training Organization Regional) Cooperative Extension is now accepting applications for the position of Director of TRACTOR. The job will be for a contract employee. Duties will include, but are not limited to, marketing local produce and agricultural products, establishing new markets, managing the TRACTOR facility, establishing relationships with local farmers and producers, promoting local foods on a regional scale; supervising interns, seasonal employees, and volunteers. A high school diploma or equivalent is required and the person must possess the following qualifications: Have a track record of successful sales; history of successful project management; excellent verbal and written communication skills; ability to build and maintain relationships; working knowledge of personal computers, Internet, Microsoft Office, and Quick books; ability to handle confidential and sensitive materials. Preferred Qualifications will include: College degree in business management, marketing or other related field; experience in online sales; experience in the produce, agricultural, and/or culinary industry: Applications can be downloaded at: http://Yancey.ces.ncsu.edu Application Deadline is July 31, 2012. Please return application and resume with references to either Yancey or Mitchell County Cooperative Extension. Contact Tres Magner, CED, Yancey County, (682-6186) or Jeff Vance, CED, Mitchell County (688-4811). LEGAL NOTICE

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IN THE GENERAL COURT OF JUSTICE, YANCEY COUNTY NORTH CAROLINA SUPERIOR COURT DIVISION FILE NO. 2012 E 12E119 EXECUTRIX’S NOTICE Having qualified as the Executrix of the Estate of Thomas George Gates of Yancey County, North Carolina, this is to notify all persons, firms and corporations having claims against the Estate of the deceased to present them to the undersigned on or before 28 September, 2012 or this notice will be pleaded in bar of their recovery. All persons indebted to said estate please make immediate payment. This the 28th day of June, 2012. Thomas Dean Gates, Executor P.O. Box 1687 Burnsville, NC 28714


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Fondly looking back at a ‘better’ time

By John Rosemond

Jim Fusilli, rock and pop reviewer for The Wall Street Journal, recently opined that Rolling Stone magazine’s Top 500 Songs of All Time reflected “boomer bias,” pointing out that a disproportionate number of selections were from the 1960s and 1970s. That got me thinking of the many times I’ve been accused of idealizing 1950s child rearing. I do, in fact, often compare the manner in which children were raised in those halcyon days with today’s “parenting,” daring to say that the 1950s was a much better time for kids. One example: We controlled our games. We decided what, where, and when we were going to play. When we were of sufficient number, we picked the captains who choose the teams (so we learned to play both with and against everyone). We figured out who was going to play what position, the rules, fair versus foul, and so on. Today’s kids play organized sports that are micromanaged by well-intentioned but very misguided adults who actually think they’re doing them a favor. We may not have become better ball players (debatable) but we had more fun, developed better social skills, and we never got trophies for anything. I maintain that compared with today’s kids, we boomers had much better manners, more respect for adults, and better social skills overall. For example, we looked people in the eye when we talked to them and we didn’t grunt. But in all fairness, we weren’t

Living

with

children

overcrowded, underfunded classrooms. We achieved economic independence from our parents at earlier ages. By the time I was 24, I knew of no one my age still living at home. And we were not living in posh digs, by any means. My wife and I, for example, brought our first child home to a 40-foot long singlewide trailer. We got a ride from the hospital because we had no car. We ate lots of frozen chicken pot pies (after cooking them, of course). But we didn’t know we were poor. We were free! Today’s kids, by and large, are not programmed for deprivation of any sort. I’ll stop there. Fusilli might say I suffer from “boomer bias,” but I most definitely do not. Tom Brokaw called my parents’ generation the Greatest Generation, but he was most definitely wrong. The Greatest of All American Generations was the generation of Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, and George Washington, but the next few generations still burned brightly. In 1839, Alexis de Toqueville wrote that “In American there is strictly speaking no adolescence. At the close of boyhood, the man appears.” It’s been sliding slowly downhill since then, I think, and more recently, it’s fallen off a cliff. In short, I do not idealize the 1950s. Nonetheless, I am convinced there really is such a thing as the “good old days.”

connected to cell phones and other forms of anti-social media. We wore our shirts tucked into our pants, which fit, and the only kid who wore his hat turned around backwards was the catcher on the baseball team. It’s a fact that the mental health of children in the 1950s was considerably better than is the case concerning today’s kids. We were a whole lot less likely to become seriously depressed, commit suicide, or develop debilitating anxieties. We were less violent. When I attended Valdosta High School in Valdosta, Ga., almost all the junior and senior boys came to school with guns in the trunks of their cars during hunting season. The principal knew as did all the parents and teachers. No one was concerned. From what I gather, Valdosta High School was by no means unique in that regard. Most boomers came to first grade not knowing their ABCs, yet we outperformed Family psychologist John Rosemond today’s kids at every grade level while answers questions at rosemond.com. sitting in what today would be considered

School board holds monthly meeting

The Funk & Wag From A To Z installed in Texas.

Chin shows in Asheville

From page 10 If overdose is suspected, calmly sit in a void, breathe deeply, and immediately contact your local wine supplier.” The work has been installed in several other American cities, but Chin feels it is time to show what he, with his Yancey County fabricators, have built behind those Burnsville studio doors. It’s time, he feels, to share those endeavors with his mountain neighbors. There will be several Chin works on display at the Asheville Art Museum, as well as opportunities to meet the artist and hear presentations. The display opens July 27, though an opening reception is planned for Aug. 3

from 5 to 7 p.m., delayed a week so as to not conflict with the Bele Chere street festiva Also, a presentation by Chin of his animation film 9-11/9-11, which won a Pedro Sienna Award for Best Animation in 2007, will be shown on Sept. 11. Additional events are planned and will be announced in the Yancey County News. The Asheville Art Museum is located at 2 South Pack Square in Asheville. Admission for the Chin show is $8 for non-member adults, while non-member seniors, students, and children pay $7. Hours are Tuesday through Saturday, 10 to 5; Sunday, 1 to 5; and closed on Monday.

The Yancey County Board of Eduation approved these personnel actions at their monthly meeting on Monday night. Superintendent Transfer – Lynn Honeycutt, from Itinerant Middle School EC Teacher to Itinerant Elementary EC Teacher serving Clearmont and Bee Log Elementary Schools; Angie Beaver from School Bus Driver EYMS to School Bus Driver MHHS Resignations accepted – Jan Robinson, Julie Rice, Brandi Gilliland, Aimee Lovejoy, Joe Morrill (from YCLA Bus Monitor position only) Employment - Meghan Huskins, 5th Grade Teacher, Bee Log Elementary (1/2 time); Stacey Erin Carver, 3rd Grade Teacher, Bald Creek Elementary; Ashley Hughes, 5th Grade Teacher, Bald Creek Elementary (pending background check); Judi Davids, 7th Grade Language Arts Teacher, Cane River Middle; Marshay Huskins, 7th Grade Math Teacher, East Yancey Middle; Karen Gurley, EC Teacher, Cane River Middle; Lucy Lodge, EC Teacher, East Yancey Middle; Beth Penland, ½ Media Assistant, MHHS & ½ Title I Teacher, Cane River Middle (Head Volleyball

Coach for MHHS); Lauren Newson, Family And Consumer Sciences Teacher, MHHS (pending background check); Shannon Street, EC Assistant, MHHS; Jeanne Proffitt, YCS Finance Office; Sundi Buchanan, Child Nutrition Substitute; Karen Higgins, Child Nutrition Substitute (current bus driver); Rhonda Penland, Classroom Substitute; Belinda Woody - Classroom Substitute; Sarah Henson Classroom Substitute; Lisa Surber Classroom Substitute; Ayla Archer - Classroom Substitute; Becky Whitson - Classroom Substitute. The board was notified of these vacancies: Teacher Assistant, Micaville Elementary; Bus Driver, EYMS; Bus Driver Monitor, YCLA; 1st Grade Teacher, Burnsville Elementary; EC Bus Driver, Burnsville Elementary; Position to Fill – JROTC Instructor, MHHS The board approved Yancey County Schools Handbook, an Employee Handbook; and student handbooks for Bald Creek Elementary, Bee Log Elementary, Burnsville Elementary, Cane River Middle, East Yancey Middle, Micaville Elementary and South Toe Elementary.

Honeycutt family plans reunion

Tennessee. Gathering will begin at 10 a.m. with a potluck meal at 1 p.m. Bring your covered dish, drinks, lawn chairs and memorabilia. A musical jam session will be held, so bring your instruments and join in. For information, contact Barry Creek at 423-741-5944 .

The descendants of Moses Honeycutt and Margaret Stout will hold a reunion Sunday July 29, at the Laurels Shelter #2 at the intersection of State Route 361 and Sciota Road in Carter County,


14 July 26, 2012

• yANCEY cOUNTY nEWS

The benefits of delicious raw milk cheeses

Medea Galligan MS Nutrition Cheese is one of America’s favorite foods. The saturated fats involved in cheese give it a rich flavor and a comfortable feel. This popular food can be extraordinarily good; however, it is often highly processed and made out of an inferior dairy supply. Raw unpasteurized cheeses, from grassfed cows, not only have naturally good taste, but also a powerhouse of naturally occurring nutrients, enzymes and probiotics. Cows naturally eat grass; however, 90% of dairy cows are raised in a tight, confined stall and fed a diet of genetically modified corn and soy. This grain diet is not genetically congruent for the cow’s internal ecosystem and the cows build sickness and disease. They become very acidic, which creates an ideal breeding ground for infectious bacteria such as E Coli. In the mainstream dairy feedlots, illness and infection are very common. Powerful antibiotics are used to keep infectious bacteria down, but these also damage the natural micro flora the animals need to maintain good health. This creates an even lower natural immunity and contaminates the dairy with antibiotic substances and other dangerous chemicals. The majority of industrial farms utilize Bovine hormone injections to increase size and weight. Increasing hormone levels boosts milk production. This also increases levels of utter infection, pus formation, antibiotic residue and a cancer accelerating hormone called IGF01. Grain-fed dairy roducts are inflammatory Grain-fed cows produce dairy and cheese that is very high in omega 6 fatty acids. The average ratio for a cow on a grain-fed diet is roughly 25:1 (omega 6:3). This is genetically incongruent for all mammal species. Humans should naturally have an omega 6:3 ratio around 4:1 or 2:1. When these ratios become skewed, they trigger cellular inflammation and accelerated cellular degeneration. This environment causes an individual to become highly inflamed and to build degenerative disease. When the cows have this acidic, inflammatory environment, they become very thirsty. They drink significantly more water than grass-fed cows (as there is natural hydration in the grass). This water helps to increase dairy production, but the milk is thinner and less tasty. Years ago, a well-treated cow may have lived close to 20 years. Consider that the typical cow begins lactating around age 2; that is 18 years of dairy production. In 1950, typical cows lived around 10-15 years. Today, the average dairy cow in an industrial farm lives 5 years (3 years of lactation). During these 5 years, the cows are massively fed and stressed to produce the absolute maximal

amount of dairy. Natural grass-fed cows produce between 3-5,000 gallons of milk a year while grain-fed, hormone injected cows can easily produce over 20,000 gallons a y e a r. T h i s is a huge advantage for dairy p r o d u c ti o n because they can feed the cows on government subsidized grains while massively producing dairy. Grass-fed is anti-inflammatory Cheese from 100% grassfed cows has a perfect omega 6:3 ratio of 2:1. It also contains 5x the amount of Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA), which is an extraordinarily powerful cancer fighting nutrient. CLA is known to boost metabolism and fat burning while enhancing natural immunity. This form of cheese is also a great source of highly bioavailable calcium & magnesium, amino acids and vitamin A, D3, & K2. What is raw milk? Raw milk is cow, sheep, goat or even buffalo milk that has not been pasteurized. Pasteurization is a process in which milk is heated to a certain temperature and kept there for a time judged sufficient to kill harmful --- or pathogenic --- organisms. Cheese made from raw milk is also unpasteurized, although in other respects it is made in essentially the same way as cheese from pasteurized milk. Proponents of raw milk products say they are more healthful and better-tasting; critics warn about food-borne illness dangers and dispute the claims about health. Raw milk health benefits On the benefits side of the fence, raw milk advocates such as Dr. Ron Schmid, a naturopathic physician who practices in Connecticut, feel that raw milk is better for calcium metabolism; helps reduce allergies and eczema; provides a high quality source of the eight essential amino acids and can often be consumed by people who are intolerant to lactose. Sally Fallon Morell is the author of “Nourishing Traditions” and the president of the board of the Weston A. Price Foundation, both of which strongly advocate the use of raw milk. In her book, coauthored by Mary G. Enig, Ph.D., Fallon comments that only raw foods --- including raw milk -- contain enzymes which help in food digestion. Minerals, vitamins and proteins are all 100 percent metabolically available in raw milk, according to a comparison between raw and pasteurized milk by A Campaign for Real Milk, sponsored by the Weston A. Price Foundation. The raw milk in this case was tested at an independent laboratory chosen by the Certified Raw Milk Commission and was compared to

California regulations. According and intensely. Ice could be obtained to this group, pasteurizing milk only by the better situated families. destroys vitamin A and the enzyme The tenement house people and phosphatase; decreases vitamin the poor had none. The milk had C; decreases protein digestibility to be kept in the coolest part of by 4 percent; decreases the the dwelling, if there was such a biological availability of protein place. I always advised boiling by 17 percent; destroys about 38 the milk for infants as soon as it percent of vitamin B complex; arrived, and again once or twice and decreases the total amount of in the course of a day. We knew soluble calcium.1 nothing then of bacteria, but I felt A short history of sure that a minute’s real boiling Pasteurization would accomplish all I could hope The man most responsible for. At all events, my order was, for popularizing pasteurization ‘NO RAW MILK.’” in the years around 1900 was Conditions had only marginally Nathan Straus. Straus (1848-1931) improved by 1893 when Straus made his fortune in business and established the first of his “Milk then dedicated some thirty years Depots” for the distribution of lowof his life to championing the priced pasteurized milk. The yearly pasteurization of the milk supply death rate in infants and young in New York and other cities children was about fifty percent throughout America and Europe. of the birth rate. Many of those His interest was originally to deaths were from diarrhea and help reduce the very high infant infectious diseases, including mortality rate in the mid to late typhoid, cholera and diphtheria. 1800s, and the cause was thought Some died of tuberculosis, then to be due to the quality of milk the leading cause of death in the available to New York’s poor. population at large. Straus, Jacobi According to Abraham Jacobi, and others were convinced that MD, president of the American many of these diseases were spread Medical Association for many of by milk and that many deaths could those years and friend and ally be prevented if the milk supply of Straus, “part of New York was to the cities were pasteurized. supplied by cows fed on brewer’s In the absence of official action, swill in Long Island stables, which Straus began his own crusade to no cow had an opportunity to pasteurize the milk supply of New leave at any time after having York City. been imprisoned there. There she For Straus and those officials was kept in foul air, standing or who backed him, pasteurization resting in her own manure, with was a matter of economics and no other food, sickening until her practicality. Most recognized that tail rotted off and her skin broke certified milk was safe and healthy, out in gangrenous ulcers, and she but it was expensive to produce and died. Such was a goodly part of the sold for two to four times the cost milk that reached our households. of ordinary milk. As a practical It was more or less white or bluish, matter, the enforcement of strict more or less impure - or rather, rules of hygiene on the 40,000 dirty - half a day or a day old. independent dairy farms that When it was used for the baby supplied milk to New York City it was rarely strained or boiled, was impossible. Pasteurization was often mixed with water which seen as a quick, technological fix Week ofThe 7/30/12 - 8/5/12 was more or less impure. that would make New York’s milk vast majority of households were safe to drink. those of working people in small The popularity of Straus’s milk dwellings, or even in tenement depots grew rapidly, and several houses of four or five stories. What more were established in the city. was done with the milk when it Coincident with the increasing use reached the household? Of present of pasteurized milk, the death improvements none existed. Food stuffs would deteriorate rapidly See next page

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July 26, 2012

• yANCEY cOUNTY nEWS 15

With raw milk, germs are not really the problem From page 14 rate among infants and young children dropped dramatically, circumstantial evidence that poor quality, contaminated raw milk was indeed the cause of much illness. Infant mortality began dropping in the years immediately following the establishment of the first milk depots. With widespread pasteurization, it fell further, from a rate of 160 deaths under one year of age for every 1,000 births in 1906 to 90 in 1916. Deaths from typhoid fever in New York fell as well, from 15 per 100,000 in 1908 to 4 in 1916. But chlorination of the water supply to New York City began during these years, eliminating a potential source of typhoid. Automobile use grew, and fewer horses and their excrement polluted city streets and water supplies. Other changes as well led to more sanitary conditions in New York and other cities, and it is impossible to know to what degree these factors and pasteurization itself affected the mortality figures. The push for pasteurization in the late 1800s and the early 1900s is best understood in light of an understanding of the conditions of the era. Some advocates for raw milk argue that the pasteurization of milk is an unmitigated evil, that all raw milk is safe, and that there was never any reason for public health authorities to advocate pasteurization. The authoritarian and often deceitful excesses of the push for compulsory pasteurization of all milk came later, in the 1930s. Advocates for raw milk should understand, however, that sloppily produced and contaminated raw milk in America’s circa 1900 cities caused considerable disease and death. Pasteurization began as an apparent solution to this acute problem. Straus saw milk as a problem because “it is the only animal food taken in its raw state. When milk is used raw the germs are taken into the human system alive. The milk problem is to prevent this without cooking the milk.” Pasteurization was seen as the solution. From the very beginning, we see that proponents of pasteurization failed to understand fundamental nutritional principles. They did not see that germs per se are not the problem, that every traditional culture that has ever existed has emphasized the importance of raw animal foods in the maintenance of human health, resistance to disease and optimal reproductive capacity. Proponents also failed to recognize that the heat of pasteurization fundamentally alters the nutritional value of milk. And they failed to realize that only by creating conditions for healthy cows could a truly healthy milk supply be created.2 Over 100 years later, after a century of much improved sanitation, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration still calls raw milk a “serious health risk,” warning that it can harbor dangerous bacteria such as salmonella, E. coli, and listeria, which cause food-borne illnesses. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention adds that pasteurizing milk does not significantly reduce its nutritional value and that both raw and pasteurized milk can cause allergies and lactose intolerance. However, the CDC also does admit that pasteurization does inactivate some enzymes in milk and reduces some nutrients. The European viewpoint In contrast, it is interesting to learn that in Europe, where raw milk products of all kinds including cheese are readily available, the European Food Safety Authority does not even mention raw milk as risky. The EFSA notes the most common food-borne pathogens in Europe, campylobacter and salmonella, are

common in raw poultry meat and eggs, but it makes no mention of raw milk. However, it says that the less common listeria infections may come from ready-to-eat foods such as cheese.

reduced rate of allergies among urban children. Additional benefits of raw milk cheese comes from omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, and conjugated linoleic acid, an important immune system booster.

The raw milk difference

Lactose intolerance

If you decide to make your own cheese, consider using unpasteurized raw milk. Enzymes and good bacteria make raw milk cheese more complex and flavorful than cheese made from heat-treated milk. Many raw milk fans tout its purported health benefits, which include clearing up asthma and ear infections in children, improving osteoporosis in seniors, and even helping autistic kids with behavioral and mental function. Raw cheeses are fermented and cultured foods that begin with raw dairy and contain enzymes and beneficial bacteria – all good for your digestion and your gut. Raw cheese is then naturally processed through old world traditions. This means that the cheese process begins minutes after the morning milking. Because the milk is so fresh, it isn’t necessary to pasteurize it. The natural heat (around 101.5 degrees F) involved in the cheese-making process preserves the naturally beneficial enzymes in the milk which aid in the digestion of lactose and in the absorption of protein, calcium and other critical nutrients. Raw cheese also has a richer and deeper flavor than pasteurized dairy. To make raw cheese, the raw milk is cultured by encouraging the proliferation of already present beneficial bacteria, or by adding more beneficial strains of bacteria and/or yeast to the milk. So not only are there outstanding nutritional benefits because of the quality of raw milk, but the culturing also heightens the probiotic levels and therefore, the probiotic benefits.3 In all low temperature (below 115 to 118 degrees) methods of fermenting raw milk, the benefits are outstanding. The milk lasts longer, for several days or weeks, or in the case of cheese, for many months. The enzymes and bacteria remain viable; as opposed to using higher temperature processing that would kill them. Here’s how culturing dairy – specifically, consuming various raw cheeses – aids the body, according to Nourishing Traditions by Sally Fallon Morell: • lowers cholesterol and protects against bone loss; • provides beneficial bacteria and lactic acid to the digestive tract, which guard against illness, pathogens and help to fully digest our food; • increases vitamin B and C content during fermentation; • those with lactose intolerance are able to enjoy raw cheeses because a large part of the lactose is transformed into lactic acid; • contains lactase to help break down remaining lactose in the digestive tract; • increases enzyme activity that contributes to digestion.

If you love cheese, but you are sensitive to the lactose contained in it, then eating raw milk cheese may be the answer you are looking for. Raw milk contains a lactose-digesting Lactobacilli bacteria, which is normally killed off during pasteurization in traditional milk. Unheated milk contains its full complement of enzymes and lactase-producing bacteria needed by our bodies to break down and assimilate the milk sugar lactose. These helpful bacteria are killed in the pasteurization and homogenization processes.

Allergy fighting One of the benefits found within research on raw milk is its ability to help people reduce their allergies. According to an article on the US News website, a European study of nearly 15,000 children published in the May 2007 issue of “Clinical and Experimental Allergy” found that raw milk greatly reduced asthma and hay fever in children. The Los Angeles Times site also stated that a study of about 100 children in Crete, published in the journal “Clinical and Experimental Allergy” in 2001, found that raw milk significantly

Pass on Pasteurized Wondering if you can do the same thing with pasteurized milk? Nina Planck, in Real Food: What to Eat and Why, answers this question. “Raw milk is important to cheese. The enzymes and beneficial bacteria in raw milk aid fermentation. Pasteurized milk limits the action of rennet and retards ripening. Though many good cheeses are made from pasteurized milk, cheeses made from raw milk often contain more complex, subtle flavors — sometimes richer, sometimes mellower. People also swear by raw milk cheese for its beneficial enzymes and bacteria, which are tonics for digestion and immunity.”4 To learn more about raw cheese, go to www. HealthyLifestyleConcepts.com and click on the page “Beyond Organic Healing Foods”. Here you can learn about, and purchase, delicious raw cheddar and harvarti cheeses made from raw milk from Beyond Organic’s GreenFedTM dairy cattle. And if you are interested in sampling these delicious raw cheeses, as well as cultured vegetables, probiotic drinks, and delicious omega3 chocolate, be sure to register for my Fermented and Cultured Foods workshop below!

Free Workshop on Making Cultured & Probiotic Foods Tuesday July 31 7-8:30 p.m. A FREE workshop on making cultured and probiotic foods is open to the public! The workshop will begin with a short presentation on the importance of “living” foods in a modern world, and then attendees will have the opportunity to sample, and make from scratch, naturally fermented sauerkraut, pickles, kimchi, and a variety of delicious cultured vegetables. We will also be sampling raw farmstead artisanal cheeses, GreenFedTM Beef, two different types of healing probiotic dairy drinks, and even ultra-healthy high omega-3 probiotic chocolate! Registration is required and space is limited. Call Medea Galligan, MS Nutrition, a t ( 8 2 8 ) 9 8 9 - 9 1 4 4 , o r v i s i t w w w. HealthyLifestyleConcepts.com to register for this workshop. Sources [1] Mendelson A. “The Astonishing Story of Real Milk,” Mother Earth News, October/ November 2011. Pg 34-39. [2]Excerpted from The Untold Story of Milk by Ron Schmid, ND, available Fall 2003, NewTrends Publishing, Inc. [3]http://www.kennyscountrycheese.com/ [4] http://www.ejnet.org/bgh/nogood.html


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July 26, 2012, Yancey County News