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Yan Luo Landscape Architecture Prototype, Behaviours, Progressive Design, Resilient System, Urbanism


Content

•01 Curriculum Vitae/ P4 •02 Prototype and Spatial Process/ P5 From Object to Field and Back Again___ A Courtyard Design in Monash University

•03 Prototype and Chronological Process/ P11 Superimposition___ Resilient Design on Beijing Road System

•04 A Further Research on Patterns/Prototypes and Process/ P25 Slow Patterns___ MLA Research Major Project in RMIT University

•05 Other Works/ P37 Some Renderings and Drawings

All I research on Landscape Architecture is a dynamic and behavioral system, which is conducted by slow patterns. “Slow” means spatial-chronological process of movement; “patterns” refer to prototypes of principles on system behaviours.


My Professional Specialty

•A recent graduate in master program of landscape architecture from RMIT University focuses on research of flexible methodology on integrating system behaviours in landscape with different disciplines, human interaction, sustainability and urbanism, seeking for opportunities of its application and development in practical projects.

Environmental Behavioral Psychology ...............................................................................................................Distinction Architecture Design B .........................................................................................................................................Distinction Landscape Design ..............................................................................................................................................Distinction Graduation Design ..............................................................................................................................................Distinction

•A proficient in conceptual exploration and diagraming, has a good head for logical conversion, translation and transformation, whose idea is dominant in group work projects and distinguished in chanlleging work circumstance.

Awards and Previous Experience on Practical Projects

•A trained presenter is good at articulation of design process integrating coherently with panels.

Personality

•Second Prize of Conceptual Bridge Design Competition in South China Agriculture University (Group Work, Responsible for Principal Design Concept) •Riverway Redevelopment in Dongpu Park Reach (Solo Work) •Xiangxue Park in Luogang Town (Solo Work)

•A meticulous designer and worker is patient and diligent in design exploration and detials.

•Self-disciplinary, Optimistic; •High Responsibility on Work but Pertinacious on quality of design; •Passional in Learning; •Easy-going and Communicative;

Education

Interest

Master of Landscape Architecture 2011-2012 in RMIT University with an average GPA of 2.6(Credit) Curriculum: Semester 01-02 Year 01

•Football, badminton, tennis and other ball games; •city-walk, leisure walk, travel; •Composing books, profolios and appriciating good compositions.

Landscape Architecture Design Research Studio 7 .................................................................................... Distinction Landscape Architecture Design Research Seminar 1 (Professional Practise)...............................................Credit Landscape Architecture Design Research Seminar 2 ( Asian [Landscape] Urbanism and Architecture).......Distinction Landscape Architecture Design Research Studio 8 ...................................................................................... Distinction

Yan Luo Landscape Architecture

Landscape Architecture Design Research Seminar 3 (Arbor_eal Research)................................................. Distinction Landscape Architecutre Postgraduate Elective (photography)....................................................................... Distinction

Contact Me

•Phone: (001186)13826112143 •Email: 1260728407@qq.com; ivluo@live.cn; •Mail Address:Baiyun District, Tongtai st, 19 Zhuyun Jing, unit 402, Guangzhou, China (Post code:510060) •14/04/1986

Semester 01-02 Year 02 Landscape Architecture Masters Design Research Project A ........................................................................ Credit

Profession Skill

Landscape Architecture Design Research Seminar 4 (Unwitting) .................................................................. Pass Landscape Architecture Masters Design Research Project B ......................................................................... Distinction Oil Painting and Sketch

CAD

Bechalor of Design Aug 2010- Dec 2010 in RMIT University

HD

This is a bridging course in RMIT Photoshop

Bechalor of Engineering 2005-2009 in South China Agriculture University

Indesign

with an average GPA of 3.25 and 83.52(Average Marks)(Graded as Distinction compared to a full score of 100 as High Distinction) Design Courses:

Illustrator

Distinction Sketchup

Software Application

Fundamental Construction and Environmental Design ................................................................................... Distinction Fundamental Construction and Environmental Design II ................................................................................ Distinction

Credit

Water Color Drawing

Architecture Design A I .....................................................................................................................................Distinction Architecture Design A II.....................................................................................................................................Distinction

Rhino

Processing Pass

4


Protopype and Spatial Process From Object to Field and Back Again___ A Courtyard Design in Monash University Associated Design Studio of “Punto in Aria” between RMIT and Monash University Tutor: Tim Schork (Monash University/ MESNE) Charles Anderson(RMIT University/SAALA) Solo Part in Team Work

5


and kmance and ormance and and ntralized entralized

Abstract

The project’s intention is to explore properties of texture of knitting and Moiré patterns and their relationship with human behavior, in order to find out a new form for M.U.M.A.courtyard in Monash University to integrate with new programs (as extension exhibition space of Monash University Musuem of Art) and respond to diversity of spatial perception in the spatial process when people travel through the place. A textile-like system could serve as a network of human behaviours in landscape. Its qualities reflect different human movement, such as repetition of stitch reflecting circulation of transfering, variation of connection between tightness and looseness reflect spatial qualities of different activities of communities from a centralized crowd to a normal group, to tranfer. Field condition is made by these behaviours and qualities. These qualities also relate to a series of homologue of formal or informal spatial/physcial patterns, which reflect on open or semi-open spatial morphologies in the courtyard. Moiré patterns are suitible containers of these texture qualites. Different kind of line weight can indicate different meanings - a thin line can be paving, whereas a thicker line can be the outline wall of a building. The moiré patterns were used as a principle to allocate different objects and the density of lines signifies spaces. Infrastructures are arranged according the textile of moire pattern and become different spatial patterns to create relevant perception as formal and informal morphologies. As a result, different field condition is applied, such as a tree matrix on the play ground showing a feel of concentration to gather actors and audiences; semi-open gallery space divided by wire walls with short intervals providing a sense of both absorption and fluidity; as well as the positive-negative terrain design conveying a loose spatial perception for people to feel free to read and have leisure activities. Thus, coming up from different field conditions, the programs of objects are allocated and confirmed. As people transfer through the courtyard, they experience a variation of fields in spatial perception integrated with relevant programs.

transfer transfer

Transfer Loose and unrestricted transfer

transfer

recycling targeting recycling targeting

Grouping There is force to gather the theards but it is not too tense.

Exploration of Knitting on its texture and Relevant Phenomena of Human Behaviours,qualities and Principles

recycling targeting

transfer

grouping` transfer recycling( people go to one place and change to another after reaching the former) grouping` grouping` chasing

Transfer

visible

recycling targeting

Transfer Recycling( people go & avoiding untarget chasing target transfer recycling( people go to one place and change to another after reaching the former) to one place before change to another and reverse when Chasing Target & leaving) Avoiding Untarget

and decentralise

chasing target & avoiding untarget

different combination of spring network has different pattern of movement

nodes move freely but within a network nodes move freely but within a network

nodes move freely but within a network

different combination of spring network has different pattern of movement

chasing target & avoiding untarget

visible

Spring could bounce back and forth by the tension; Performance Spring could bounce back and could attract people back and forth by the tension; Performance forth,centralized and decentralized could attract people back and forth,centralized and decentralized

Repetition

6

apart from group when capacity is full

decentralize

when ca

decentralize

transfer avoid groups

transfer avoid groups

visible Members in group stay in a region but feel less invisible oppressed in group. They centralise and decentralise invisible centralise are free. Usually they haveand decentralise a contralling topics and activities no matter whether confined by others the group is generated with apartaround from group when capacity is full One Confined by Others Around purpose or randamness.

visible visible

after decentralize everything return to the start after decentralize everything return to the start visible

when capacity is full, accidence will happen

apart from group when capacity is full

decentralize invisible invisible

invisible

confined by relation: conversation,

when capacity is full, accidence willapart happen from group when capacity result of inhaling is full Leaders When when capacity is full, accidence willThe happen One Becoming The group be created after decentralize everything return to may the start Members in a Region by a rest and runConfined into each other becoming leader when exclusion of other becoming leader when Seeing Nothing(without and inhale participants whenwhenthe resultmembers inhale participants the result is ofmembers inhaling members inhale participants when of inhaling main purpose such as Conversation becom becoming leader whena copying become big eno confined by others inhale participants when the result of inhaling members centralize transfers group. It does seeing nothing(without a become seeing. nothing(without a target) a member stays in site group stayfor a exclusion is exclusion ofofother transfers by each relation: conversation, , Discussionconfined or Run into other. the groupthe stay ( without a( without is of otherout transfers limitmt limit transfer seeing nothing(without a. decentralize centralize decentralize the group stay ( without a is exclusion of other transfers not some one irrelevant. copying target) apart from group when capacity is fullaround when capacity is full, accidence will happen leisure(no purposes) his copying target) . limit tra target to goand to) and target to go to) and rest and run into each other copying target) . targetothers toattract go to) and behaviour attracts others’ others attract outdoor game, performance will attract more following. attract others outdoor game, performance will attract more centralise and decentralise

attendence to become a center attendence to become a center

after decentralize everything return after decentralize everything return to the startto the start

visible

Random Positions of Nodes and People nodes move freely but within a network in A Network or A Space

When capacity is full, accidence will happen.

transfer avoid groups

apart from group when capacity is full when capacity is full, accidence will happen confined by others confined relation: One Apartsbyfrom Crowdconversation, confined confined by others by others around confined by relation: conversation, confined by relation: conversation, restgroup and run into each other When Capacity is Full around around when c apart from when capacity is full transfer avoid chasing target & avoiding untarget restgroups andeach run into rest and run into othereach other

grouping`

nodes move freely but within a network

invisible

centralise transfer andrecycling( decentralise Avoids Groups people go tocentralise one place and changeand to another after reaching theTransfer former) decentralise

Recycling Targeting

grouping` centralise

nodes move freely but within a network

visible

invisible invisible

Grouping

transfer recycling( people go to one place and change to another after reac transfe chasing target & avoiding untarget transfer & avoiding untargettransfer avoid groups

target & avoiding untargettarget chasing

visible

Usually people feel free to transfer, they choose their routes by theirselves. It is unrestrictive. recycling targeting

Site of M.U.M.A.courtyard and Existing Plan

transfer recycling( people go to one place and cha

recycling targeting

transfer

The environment is not responsive enough to behaviours happened in the site.

trans transfe

transfer

recycling targeting

M.U.M.A.courtyard

Centralization High Tension, Feeling Compact.

Different Combination invisible

Exploration of Relationship between knitting texture and Field of human spatial behaviours in local scale

Centralise and Decentralise People feel tense and oppressed in the center crowd, eventhough the bystanders also feel the compactness and attraction.

centralize

visible

becoming leader when seeing nothing(without a Centralize copyinginvisible target) . centralize

centralize

inhale participants when the group stay ( without a target to go to) and attract others

decentralize

the result of inhaling members is exclusion of other transfers

become big enough to

outdoor game, Decentralize performance will attract more attendence to become a center decentralize

limit transfer more decentralize

outdoor game, performance will attract more Outdoor game, great performance will attract outdoor game, performance will attract more more attendence to become center attendence becomea acenter center, a large crowd. Even attendence toato become

becoming leader when seeing nothing(without a copying target) .

an irrelevant passing-by is affected.

after decentralize everything return to the start

When the crowd reach its peak in capacity or the activity is over, people leave away and the center releases.

When the activity is over, people leave,

inhale participants when the result of inhaling members become big enough to When the activity is over, people leave, so decentralizing the group stay ( without a is exclusion of other transfers so decentralizing limit transfer more centralize target to go to) and centralise and decentralize in a cycle attract others centralise and decentralize in a cycle

outdoor game, performance will attract more


31

13

11 9 centralized 12848return to origin 1010 decentralized decentralized 99 10 decentralized centralized 2 transfer 3centralized grouping emerge 8 10 decentralized 9 centralized 10 8decentralized 8 10 decentralized 9 centralized 1010decentralized 99centralized 7 grouping decentralized centralized 6 enlarged 88 7 86 accident 86

8 10

14

8

2

7 grouping enlarged 7

4

5

5

Behavior 6: Accident When People Travel through the lawn(on the right) and some stay to chat as a group on the lawn, thus, new programs could be made in this area

10

7 gro

depart

12 return to origin 6 accident 8

9 chang space into different groups reform and depart

9

10

..... 5

13

10

14

8

2

interpersonal movement reform and chang space group activity intergroup communication into fucosed center

talking

8

intergroup communication

3

5

3

depart

4

6

7 9

group activity

6

personal rest

128return returntoto toorigin origin 12 return origin

2

12

vement reform and chang space

munication er

Behavior 12: Return to Origin

..... ..... ..... ..... ..... ..... ..... 11 1

depart

departing

1

6 8

9

3 7

Cycle 1 tansfer:

Behavior 11: Group Dismission

1212 return toto origin 12 return toorigin origin return 4 return to origin 212 3 5

talking

5

11 11 2 11 1 3 ed 11 11 11 9 centralized

4

4

6

depart

4

Cycle 2 grouping:

4

7 grouping enlarged

5centralized 79 grouping 77grouping enlarged enlarged 6 accident grouping enlarged 86 6accident 7 grouping enlarged 7 8 9 6accident accident 10 79 8 9 10 7 grouping enlarged 6 accident 77 grouping enlarged 6 accident grouping enlarged 6 accident

11

..... 1111

personal rest

departing playing games or performance

6

5 5555 5 3 grouping emerge 5

group activity intergroup communication intergroup communication

3

35

Behavior 5: Group Made and People Transfer Avoid Groups

10

playing games or performance gathering

2

24

Behavior 7: Grouping Enlarged

reform and chang space into different groups reform and chang space into different groups

reform and chang space into different groups

gathering

.....

13 Interpersonal movement split and14 chang space

Behavior 10: Decentralized

1

97

Cycle 2 grouping:

31

depart group activity

7

Behavior 9: Centralized

Interpersonal movement split and chang space from ground to corridor

42 10

4

Cycle 1 tansfer:

2

talking

3

9

Behavior 8: Transfer

Interpersonal movement split and chang space from ground to corridor

Cycle 3 centralising:

9 11

53

11

5

1

7

personal rest group activity personal rest intergroup communication talking

talking

1

2

8

personal rest

ralising:

Behavior 4: Transfer

3 33 grouping emerge 5grouping grouping emerge 33grouping emerge grouping emerge 4244 4 3 grouping emerge emerge 1 Original transfer 4 4 3 grouping emerge 9 centralized 84 14

ble cycles

14

8 Behavior 3: Grouping Emerge

222 transfer 31Original emerge 2 Original 1grouping Original transfer Original transfer 42transfer 1 Original 2 transfer 1111Original transfer Original transfer 10 2decentralized

Interpersonal movement split and c from ground to corridor

10 12

46 12

6

2 Behavior 2: Transfer

Cycle 1 tansfer:

Behavior 1: Original

1

7

13

Cycle 2 grouping: Cycle 2 grouping:

Cycle 2 grouping:

Site Analysis of Potential Behaviours and Relevant Field Conditions in the Existing 10 Courtyard Generated According to the Previous Behaviour Principles

7


tansfer: 3

2

8

14

Cycle 2 grouping:

9

group activity

Paths Without a Fixed Purpose

Series of static relaxation boxes

Regular and Exquisite layout

depart

2

8

Informal Space: Inner Square, Rest, Reading and Talking---Feeling Free and More Private

4

10

Field 2: Grouping

intergroup communication

Cycle 1 tansfer:

talking

Corridors

Moire analysis on site:

14

Corridors

1

personal rest

Ground and Corridor

7

1

7

13

4

10

Cycle 1 tansfer: 3

9

3

Cycle 3 centralising:

2

8

14

5

11

Cycle 3 centralising: Moire Analysis:

Moire on Site

Design process:

Spatial perception in the central area:

Design Elements

ter

Cen ter

Cen

5

11

Cycle33centralising: centralising: Cycle ycle Cycle cle 33centralising: 3centralising: centralising: Cycle

Inter-group Activities

Talking in Small group group groupactivity activity activity activity Groupsgroup

Depart

intergroup intergroup intergroup intergroupcommunication communication communication communication

44

444

55

555

99

depart

10 10 10

10 10

interpersonal movement reformand andchang changspace space nterpersonal erpersonal erpersonal interpersonal movement movement movement movement interpersonal reform reform reform reform and and and and chang movement chang chang chang space space space space reform intofucosed fucosedcenter center nto oointo fucosed fucosed fucosed fucosed center center center center into

Tense 2

3

4

5 gathering

playing games or performance

Formal Analysis Relation between Knitting Pattern, Spatial/Physical Patterns, Field Condition Generated by Huamn Behaviours and Relavted Part in Moire Pattern

Formal and could come from different 7 informal spatial/physcial patterns 8 9 spatial arrangement of materials, like different patterns produced by different knitting methods on threads. m and chang space into different groups

departing

10

MoirĂŠ Index

1

6

2

3

4

5

7

8

9

10

Site Plan 1:1000

interpersonal movement reform and chang space into fucosed center Site Plan 1:1000

Site Plan 1:1000

8

Moire Patterns to Choose as Design Principle

Site Plan 1:1000

Horizontal path increases communication opportunities

10

8

6

Cycle 3 centralising: intergroup communication 88 999

3

The pattern in front of the center could be treated as a transition

Semi-Formal Space:Art Extension and Intercourse departing gathering Hub, Exhibition, Rest and Communication---Feeling Relaxed with Different Communities

Final Design

playing games or performance

12

group activity 888

6

77

12

talking 66 777 Informal

7

interpersonal movement reform and chang space into fucosed center

Unrestrictive

rest 6personal 6

6

Most of the paths go through the center and separate into different directions

=

(Transportation)

5

33

333

2

Parallel

+

(Performance)

4

22

1

= Concentration

9

Site Moire

Spatial Navigation Pavement

High Intensity of Spatial Tension

4

5

9

10

A pathway as a division

Series of detached wall and seating

Smoothed Intensity of Spatial Tension

Even Intensity of Spatial Tension

playing games or performance

1

2

3

6

7

8

5

222

10 10 10

11

11

11

Departing departing departing

(Meeting and depart)

Separation

5

11

reform reform reform reformand and and andchang chang chang changspace space space spaceinto into into intodifferent different different differentgroups groups groups groups

le 2 grouping:

departing departing departing departing

8

reform and chang space into different groups

555 Departing

7

4

10

999

6

4

6

Further Exploration and Classification of Field Condition of Spatial Perception Related to 666 777 888 Human Behaviours in the courtyard

+

3

Departing

playinggames gamesororperformance performance playing playing playing playing games games games games or oror performance performance orperformance performance playing

3

Formal Space: Open gathering Ground Performance----Feeling Tense

10

Performance

Outdoor Games gathering gathering

gathering gathering gathering gathering

444

9

6

12

333

Interpersonal movement split and chang space from ground to corridor

6

12

5 Gathering

222

2

depart depart depart depart

Field 3: Centralizing and Decentralizing

111

1

Depart

3

personal personal personal personalrest rest rest rest

Talking in Small talking talking talking Groupstalking

Interpersonal movement split and chang space from ground to corridor

Personal Rest

9

4

Interpersonal movement split and chang space from ground to corridor

Ground Cycle Cycle Cycle 222grouping: grouping: grouping:

The chosen moire is the principle to conduct the arrangement of facilities in the design

13

Field 1: Transfer

Cycle 1 tansfer:

Interpersonal movement split and chang space from ground to corridor

2

Relation between Chosen Moire in Plan of Courtyard, its related spatial patterns and field conditions

interpersonal movement reform and chang space into fucosed center


N

29m

26m

14m

7.5m

5m

3m

-0.45m

Pavement

Tree Allocation

Seat Allocation

Wall Allocation

Terrain Design

Arrangement of Objects

A-A Section

Roof

N

Paving, seatings and roof structure

Lightings and seatings

A

Chosen moirĂŠ in the site

N Monash University

A

Site Plan on the Ground

Axonometric Projection

9


N

Play Ground

Exhibition Area

Entrance

Destination

Entrance

Destination

Entrance

Destination

Variation of fields on spatial perception in different travels by people

10

Reading Area


Prototype and Chronological Process Superimposition___Resilient Design on Beijing Road System Design Studio of “Do the wild thing� in RMIT University Tutor: Charles Anderson(RMIT University/SAALA) Solo Work

11


Make 16 “27mm X 27mm X 27mm” 4-surface cubes with a hole on each side

Abstract

There are two themes in the project, the first one is to create a dynamic model and explore its behaviours; the second stage is to translate these behaviours into a landscape system in order to generate specialty in an actual design in urban space of Beijing. 1.Compress and Release Dynamic Model: The model is a connection system with 2 types of movable centers, each inner center nested in the outer one as a unit and all the units connected in a transposition format by an even number of links, each two going through one unit. As the links being compressed or released by particular movement of the centers, they could present a response in intensity and flexibility according to the different moving speed and interaction of the centers (inner faster than the outer). The Reflection from the Model: 1.Outer Centers and Inner Centers show different quality in Spatial Relationship(location) --- farness and slowness versus nearness and fastness; 2.The variation of tightness and looseness of the threads in the system within the behavior of Compress and Release reflects a spatial compensation relation between intensity of connection and flexibility of interaction. 2.Superimposition What? Superimposition is a trans-program road system design to minimize the spatial division by the ring-roads and over-size single use estate to reconnect the detached city programs and reuse the space of these precincts to adjust the contradiction between traffic and social interaction in Beijing and enhance the efficiency of them. Why? As the ring-road system continue to increase, many roads and lanes are enclosed by the big gates and walls of a series of single use estates. These boundaries confine the circulation of traffic and pedestrian and the connectivity between programs. Hence, a trans-program road system responding to traffic commuting and social interaction could be a solution of the deadlock. How? In the designed system, Superimposition means capacity of traffic and function could be changed in different time to improve penetration of traffic or either social interaction in the same system. It connects the local programs by a set of monorail network and local roads redevelopment. Each of the tracks in the monorail network connecting a majority of single programs provides a direct way to these estates and the intersections of the network could become channels to make chances for social interaction from different programs. The Lane redevelopment within these intersections has a series of service points linked by bicycle tracks engaged with road surface design. The Surface design could both provide diverse programs for traffic and social interaction by integration of spatial facilities arrangement, environmental graphic design and pavement, according to different time. Thus the whole system presents a behavior of compress and release on spatial usage between traffic and social interaction from a local dimension to a large scale in a time circulation. Compress and release mean intensity of traffic and flexibility of interaction on the connection medium between urban programs, which could be reflected on the dynamic model by the tightness and looseness of the threads connecting outer Streams in Beijing (2000 ~ 2010) centers or the inner one in different scale.

Plan

Outter Centers

Elevation

Make 16 “13mm X 13mm X 13mm” 4-surface cubes with a hole on each side Plan

Elevation

Inner Centers

Small Nest in Large

The Number of the Link should be even Number

Components --- Centres

Components --- Centres

Location of Programs in areas of different scales

Location of Programs in areas of different scales

End with the same length Every access of small one contain one thread and the threads could not cross its centre nor change direction, with each acess of a bigger one could contain 2 threads.

Relatively Slow Low Interaction

Inner Center So Many

Low Interaction

Cover Larger Area

Relatively Fast

Inner-Centers

Inner-Centers

Inner Center

One

Relatively Fast Higher Interaction

Higher Interaction

Cover Smaller Area

Inner Center

41

39

Analysis of Components: Centers --- Location of Programs in Areas of Different Scales

Components --- Links Connection of Program in Areas of Different Scales

Lower Interaction

Lower Interaction

Outter Links

Cars 2005

2.6 million cars

2009

3.9 million cars

2010

4.7 million cars

Outter Links

Outter Links

2000 Highcars Speed

Daily New Cars in 2010

track

Traffic Jams in 2010 Lenght

60-mile

Duration

Main Road High Speed track Sub-Road

Higher Interaction

The Way of Connection

Outter Link Outter Links

Weeks Main Road Path Way

Sub-Road Beijing is the world’s most congested city, as anyone living Expanding Volumn of Express and Fast Speed Tracks after 2008 or traveling there is bound to Lan attest, and the whopping 4.7Beijing Traffic in a Wide Road 2010 The Road System in 2007 High Speed Path Way Traffic (copyright: Lee from t.sina.com.cn) track million cars(nearly double the 2.6 million counted in 2005.) on the city’s roads generate high levels ofoptimization trafficBeijing Eventhrough a seres publicTracks transportation is undergoing, Road System is Road still unfriendly, to the great scale of widthMain of theRoad Expressfamously Lan and FastofSpeed after 2008 Traffic in aBeijing’s Wide Road 2010 The System indue 2007 roads blocking social interaction and the connection area almost occupied a host of flyovers, all of which lack of infrastructure for passage of pedetrian. (copyright: Lee fromby t.sina.com.cn) and air pollution. From the road system map, it seems most of the facilities work for traffic of cars but not for people. Urban blocks divided by the roads are isolated from Sub-Road others by these division. The are not coherent enough to connecting one another into a continuous band, most of which is since the segregaAlthough traffic is not solely responsible forgreen thelands thick haze Eventhrough a seres of the public transportation optimization is undergoing, Beijing’s Road still unfriendly, due to thethe great scale of width between of the tion of traffic tracks and flyover system. And these seperated green lands which are System hard or is inconvinient to use divide social interaction that hangs over the city,communities withblocking 2,000 new cars hitting the roads social interaction and the connection area almost occupied by a host of flyovers, all of which lack of infrastructure for passage ofPath pedetrian. Way in compact innercity and those in the new city. From the road system map, it seems most of the facilities work for traffic of cars but not for people. Urban blocks divided by the roads are isolated from road each day and 60-mile traffic that last forcoherent enough to connecting one another into a continuous band, most of which is since the segregaotherslong by these division.jams The green lands are not tion ofcannot traffic andSpeed the flyover system. And these seperated green which hard or inconvinient to use divide the social interaction between weeks,of theDifferent situation simply go on. Express Lan tracks and Fast Tracks after 2008 Beijing Traffic in lands a Wide Roadare 2010 The Road System in 2007 Mixture communities in compact innercity and those in the new (copyright: city. Lee from t.sina.com.cn) Recognizing this, the Beijing Municipal Government Streams has posted a new set ofEventhrough proposals tooftackle the issue a seres public transportation optimization is undergoing, Beijing’s Road System is still unfriendly, due to the great scale of width of the Mixture of Different blocking social interaction and the connection area almost occupied by a host of flyovers, all of which lack of infrastructure for passage of pedetrian. that include levying tollsroads on drivers(building roadways From the road system map, it seems most of the facilities work for traffic of cars but not for people. Urban blocks divided by the roads are isolated from Streams and stepping up parkingothers fees.), extending the lands metro by these division. The green are not coherent enough to connecting one another into a continuous band, most of which is since the segregation of traffic tracks and the flyover system. And these seperated green lands which are hard or inconvinient to use divide the social interaction between system(increasing capacity of public buses subways), communities in compact innercityand and those in the new city. limiting the number of government cars on the roads, restricting Beijing residents to just one car per person, and Mixture of Different non-resident car-owners being limited to those who own Network of Ring Road( up to 4th and 5th Ring) in 2000s Streams apartments and apply for a parking permit.... Traffic Line Planning Unfriendly to Cyclists and Pedestrians Limitted and Unplanned Bike Parking Area Beijing Traffic in 2007 Suburb (http://beijing07.wordpress.com/ (httpwww.xj.xinhuanet.com20080728content13948371.htm (httpwww.xj.xinhuanet.com20080728content13948371. However, over the last decade the city has become category/beijing/) in 2007) htm in 2007) increasingly unfriendly to cyclists and pedestrians; multiLandscape Beijing Traffic in 2007 Traffic Line Planning Unfriendly to Cyclists and Pedestrians Limitted and Unplanned Bike Parking Area lane highways and bus lanes have eaten into bike lanes, (http://beijing07.wordpress.com/ (httpwww.xj.xinhuanet.com20080728content13948371.htm (httpwww.xj.xinhuanet.com20080728content13948371. category/beijing/) htm in 2007) less public space is available for cycle parking,in 2007) and drivUrban Estate ers have become Unefficient Designmore of aggressive. Ring Road ( From : http://blog.chinatravel.net/planes-trains-automoTraffic Crossing (Flyobiles/beijing-new-traffic-restrictions-to-tackle-congestion. Main Traffic Line Planning Unfriendly to Cyclists andRoad Pedestrians Limitted and Unplanned Bike Parking Area ver Space) Design of Beijing Traffic in 2007 Unefficient (http://beijing07.wordpress.com/ (httpwww.xj.xinhuanet.com20080728content13948371.htm (httpwww.xj.xinhuanet.com20080728content13948371. html in 2010) in 2007) htm in 2007) Traffic Crossing (Flyo- category/beijing/) ver Space)

zhimen Passover Began to use in 1999(one of the examples) Unefficient Design of Xi 1 A Noisy Turn When Turining Left Traffic Crossing (Flyo- 2 Messy ditrection hard to hand 3 Traffic in entrance is smooth while it comes to the exits becomes busy for incorporaXi zhimen Passover Began to use in 1999(one of the examples) ver Space) tion of streams of cars.

Situation in Beijing Road system 12 1 A Noisy Turn When Turining Left 4 The form is too exaggerated to accommodate predestrian a harmonious relationship 2 Messy ditrection hard to hand at its boundaries. 3 Traffic entrance smoothbecouse while it comes toof the exits becomes for through. incorpora5 Peopleinhard to get is through of a lack infrastructure for busy passing tion of streams of cars. 6 The flyover design in Beijing just focusing on formation neglecting the practical 4 The form is too exaggerated to accommodate predestrian a harmonious relationship usage. at its boundaries. 5 People hard to get through becouse of a lack of infrastructure for passing through. XiThe zhimen Passover Began to useoninformation 1999(one of the 6 flyover design in Beijing just focusing neglecting theexamples) practical 1 A Noisy Turn When Turining Left usage. 2 Messy ditrection hard to hand

23

Cover Larg

Outter Centers

The Same Extent of Movement of the whole body

Time Line of urban vehicle traffic

Expanding Volumn of Traffic Expanding Volumn of Traffic

Outter Center

Relatively Slow Outter Center Outter Centers

Outter Center

Higher Interaction

Inner Links Inner Link Inner Links Inner Links Inner Links

43

Analysis of Components: Links --- Connection of Program in Areas of Different Scales

Dynamic Model 35

Cover Sma


legenda

Public

legenda

Public

N

Commercial

N Commercial

Education Education

Education

Mix-Used

Education

Mix Used

Mix Used Mix Used

6:00 AM ~ 9:00 AM

9:00 AM ~ 10:00 AM

10:00 AM ~ 12:00 AM

12:00 AM ~ 1:00 PM

5:30 PM ~ 6:30 PM

6:30 PM ~ 9:30 PM

Agreculture

Agreculture

Industory

Industory

Commercial

Public/Open Space Public

Commercial

Water

Water Goverment

1:00 PM ~ 5:00 PM

5:00 PM ~ 5:30 PM

Goverment

Storage

Programs in high use Storage

Industory

Green Land

Storage

Industory

Storage

Railway Line Main Avenue

Green Land

Road

9:30 PM ~ 10:30 PM

Lane

TheRailway ProcessLine of Daily Land Use

Analysis of Land Use 1:50000

SCALE: 1:250,000

10:30 PM ~ 6:00 AM

Commercial(Red) and Mix-Use Estate Goverment Local Goverment

Main Avenue

63 reveals that the programs in highest use are commercial,mix-use estates and public/open The process of land use space.These estates have the most possibility for social interaction, while the low-use have the potential of recreation. Road

Public/Open Space

Low-Use Estate/The Other Programs

65

Lane

Centers --- Analysis of Programs/Land Use in Beijing

SCALE: 1:250,000

Lanes Ring Road

Main Avenue SCALE: 1:250,000

Long Way To Travel

Intensive Paths --- Lanes SCALE: 1:250,000

(Cover A Larger Area)

The Shortest Paths in City

(In Small Blocks)

Roads SCALE: 1:250,000 The Second Shortest Paths in City

Relatively Slow

Relatively Fast

Vehicles and Public Transit

Relatively Non-motorized

Second Fast

Low Interaction

High Interaction

Medium

Linkage of Outter Centers

Linkage of Inner Centers

Linkage of Complement

59

Links --- Analysis of Roads in Beijing

Site Analysis --- Beijing Roadsystem 13


Behavior -----Compress and Release Behavior Compress and Release Behavior --Compress and Release Behavior-----Compress Compressand andRelease Release Behavior

Intensity of Traffic andand Social Interaction Changing In Different Time On On the the Same Connection Intensity of Traffic Traffic and Social Interaction Changing In Different Different Time On the Same Connec Intensity of Social Interaction Changing In Time Same Connect Intensity Traffic and Social Interaction Changing Different Time On the Same Connectio Intensity Traffic and Social Interaction Changing Different Time On the Same Connecti Intensity ofofof Traffic and Social Interaction Changing InInIn Different Time On the Same Connection

RingRoad/MainRoad or Bounrdary of RingRoad forbidding people’s Interaction

N

RingRoad/ MainRoad

Boundary made by landowner :Wall and Gate Forbidding Traffic and people

Single Use Estate RingRoad/ MainRoad

Ringroad Inner lane or Bourndary of Them

Ringroad Ringroad

Programs Redundant Travel and Barriers of Social Interaction

Outter LinksLinks Behavior Outter Links Behavior Outter Behavior Outter Links Behavior Outter Links Behavior Outter Links Behavior Outter Links Behavior Outter Links Behavior Outter Links Behavior Outter Links Behavior Outter Links Behavior Outter Links Behavior

Ringroad Traffic Bicycle

6am - 10 am 6am10am - 10 am - 12 pm

Traffic Motorized

10am - 12 pm

12pm - 4pm Single Use Estate

People/Social Interaction

12pm - 4pm

4pm - 5pm

4pm - 5pm

5pm - 7pm 5pm - 7pm Beijing Road System

Current Situation 7pm

79

- 11pm

7pm - 11pm Nowadays, Traffic in Beijing City is conducted by ringroad system and a series of mainroad. As the ring-road system continue to increase, many roads and lanes are enclosed by the big gates and walls of a series of single use estates, such as university, department and neighbourhood. These boundaries confine the circulation of traffic and pedestrian and the connectivity between programs. Thus, more and more room for traffic plug into the ringroad or mainroad and the social interactionofare then separate by of infrastructure and route for accessibility to other programs or blocks. Current Problem Roadsystem in lack Beijing Conflicts between social interaction and traffic become severe.

Problem in site and Concept of Solution

14

InnerInner LinksLinks Behavior Inner Links Behavior Behavior Inner Links Behavior Inner Links Behavior Inner Links Behavior Inner Links Behavior Inner Links Behavior Inner Links Behavior Inner Links Behavior Inner Links Behavior Inner Links Behavior

11pm - 6am 11pm - 6am

Behaviour of Dynamic Model --- Compress and Release Intensity of Traffic and Social Interaction Changing In Different Time On the Same Connection


ction ion

RingRoad/MainRoad or Bounrdary of RingRoad forbidding people’s Interaction

RingRoad/MainRoad or Bounrdary of RingRoad forbidding people’s Interaction

Boundary made by landowner :Wall and Gate Forbidding Traffic and people

Inner lane or Bourndary of Them

Programs

6am - 10 am

Compress

Boundary made by landowner :Wall and Gate Forbidding Traffic and people

10am - 12 pm

Release

Inner lane or Bourndary of Them

12pm - 4pm

Release

4pm - 5pm

Release

5pm - 7pm

Compress

7pm - 11pm

Release

11pm - 6am

Compress

Programs Commute Time --- Compress of Traffic

Commute Time --- Compress of Traffic

Transprogram Design connect programs and replace the boundary

Transprogram Design connect programs and replace the boundary

Capacity and Program Change with time

Traffic Bicycle

6am - 10 am

Capacity and Program Change with time

Traffic Bicycle

6am10am - 10 am - 12 pm Traffic Motorized

6am10am - 10 am - 12 pm Traffic Motorized

10am - 12 pm

10am - 12 pm

12pm - 4pm

People/Social Interaction

12pm - 4pm

4pm - 5pm

12pm - 4pm

People/Social Interaction

4pm - 5pm

Trans-program Design of Road System Release: the spatial connect become more flexible;

5pm - 7pm Non-Commute Time Release of Interaction 7pm - ---11pm

81

7pm - 11pm

Compress and Release of the link in the system at the same time ---- Behavior of Responsive Compensation: One Closes for intensity another Open for flexibility of interaction and they both happen in the same system/place/thing. Compress : spatial connect become Release: the spatial connect become intensive but :not flexible; more flexible; Compress spatial connect become Release: the spatial connect become intensive but not flexible; more flexible; Compress and Release of the link in the system at the same time ---- Behavior of Responsive Compensation: One Closes for intensity anotherofOpen forinflexibility of interaction andtime they---both happenofinResponsive the same system/place/thing. Compress and Release the link the system at the same Behavior Compensation: One Closes for intensity another Open for flexibility of interaction and they both happen in the same system/place/thing.

45

Transprogram Design connect programs and replace the boundary, of which Capacity and Program Change with time to enhance penetration of traffic and socail interaction among different area and programs.

11pm - 6am 11pm - 6am

Design Intension

12pm - 4pm

4pm - 5pm

4pm - 5pm

5pm - 7pm Compress : spatial connect become intensive but not flexible;

6am - 10 am

5pm - 7pm Trans-program Design of Road System

5pm - 7pm Supperimposition Concept Diagram Non-Commute Time --- Release of Interaction

7pm - 11pm 81

7pm - 11pm

Transprogram Design connect programs and replace the boundary, of which Capacity and Program Change with time to enhance penetration of traffic and socail interaction among different area and programs.

11pm - 6am 11pm - 6am

Design Intension Superimposition is a trans-program road system design to minimize the spatial division by the ring-roads and ove size single use estate to reconnect the detached city programs and reuse the space of these precincts to adjust t contradiction between traffic and social interaction in Beijing and enhance the efficiency of them. In the designed tem, Superimposition means capacity of traffic and function could be changed in different time to improve penetra of traffic(compress) or either social interaction (release)in the same system. A way making good use of original sp inside the city is more important than the continuous increase of ringroad system.

15


Industory

Mix Used 6:00 AM

8:00 AM

9:00 AM

9:30 AM

10:00 AM

11:00 AM

Commute Time

Low Commute

Intensive Traffic

Interaction

Commute Time Commuting For Works/Officee By Public Transit 60 min Commuting For Works/Officee By Non-moterize 27 min Working

11:30 AM

12:00 PM 12:40 PM

2:00 PM

2:30 PM

4:00 PM 5:00 PM

Commercial

Case 500 700

5:30 PM 6:00 PM

6:30 PM

7:00 PM 9:00 PM

9:30 PM

Commute Time

Low Commute

Interaction

Intensive Traffic

Interaction

Education Primary and High School Government Night Entertament(Pub)

Education

Education

Mix Used

Mix Used

Public

5:59AM

Storage

Low Commute

Industory

Mix Used

Commercial

Storage

Industory

Shopping, Market, Mall Cattering(Asian) Cattering(Western)

Timetable

Industory

49

Education Monorail Service Type: Normal 6am - 1am(tomorrow Headway: 10 min

Education Education

Public Public

Education

Direct Line connecting Every Single Program Commercial

Centers and Links

Commercial

Public

G

Goverment Monorail Service Type: Normal Storage 6am - 1am(tomorrow Headway: 10 min

Timetable Education Monorail Service Type: Normal 6am - 1am(tomorrow) Headway: 10 min

Express 6am-10am;5pm-7pm;11pm-3am 5min

Commercial + Mix Use Estate Monorai Type: Normal 6am - 3am(tomorrow Headway: 10 min

Goverment Monorail Service Type: Normal 6am - 1am(tomorrow) Headway: 10 min

Express 7am-10am;5pm-7pm;11pm-1am 5min

Public/Open Space Monorail Service Type: Normal 6am - 3am(tomorrow Headway: 15 min

Mix Used TimetableMix Used

Time and Dailyroutine of Citizens in Beijing

Mix Used

Industory Industory

Commercial + Mix Use Estate Monorail Service Type: Normal Express 6am - 3am(tomorrow) 6am-10am;5pm-7pm;11pm-3am Headway: 10 min 5min

Industory

Industry + Storage Estate Monorail Ser Type: Normal 5am - 12pm Headway: 10 min

Design of Outter Centers and Links--- Masterplan in Huge Scale (Monora Public/Open Space Monorail Service Type: Normal 6am - 3am(tomorrow) Headway: 15 min

Express 6am-10am;5pm-7pm;11pm-3am 8min

Industry + Storage Estate Monorail Service Type: Normal Express 5am - 12pm 6am-10am;5pm-7pm Headway: 10 min 5min

16

Commercial Commercial

Commercial

StorageStorage

Storage


Storage

Commercial

Public

Goverment

N

Goverment

Education Education

Mix Used

Mix Used

Public Public

Education

Storage

Public

Direct Line connecting Every Single Program Commercial

Industory

Goverment Goverment Storage

Commercial

Industory

Goverment

Storage

N

Timetable

Industory

Education Monorail Service Type: Normal 6am - 1am(tomorrow) Headway: 10 min

Express 6am-10am;5pm-7pm;11pm-3am 5min

Goverment Monorail Service Type: Normal 6am - 1am(tomorrow) Headway: 10 min

Express 7am-10am;5pm-7pm;11pm-1am 5min

Commercial + Mix Use Estate Monorail Service Express Type: Express Monorail Network Timetable and Type of MonorailNormal Service w) 6am-10am;5pm-7pm;11pm-3am 6am - and 3am(tomorrow) 6am-10am;5pm-7pm;11pm-3am There are two kinds of monorail in the network: Express Normal. Their timetables are different. Express only 5min Headway: 10 min runs all day end before5min run in peak time: 6am-10am;5pm-7pm;11pm-3am. Normal 3am. This timetable could help to improve the efficency of the monorail to serve well in commute time and release more chances for social interaction in non-commute time. Goverment Goverment Goverment

w)

Commercial

Public/Open Space Monorail Service Monorail Network Timetable and Type of MonorailNormal Service Express Express and Normal Service Station Type: Express Normal Service Station There are two kinds of monorail in the network: Express Normal. Their timetables are different. Express only Storage 7am-10am;5pm-7pm;11pm-1am 6am - and 3am(tomorrow) 6am-10am;5pm-7pm;11pm-3am run in peak time: 6am-10am;5pm-7pm;11pm-3am. Normal runs all day end before 3am. This timetable could help to 5min Headway: 15 min 8min improve the efficency of the monorail to serve well in commute time and release more chances for social interaction in non-commute time.

Masterplan

Mix Used Mix Used

Mix Used

Commercial Commercial

Commercial

Commute Time (Compress)

Behaviours

Industory Industory

Industory

StorageStorage

Storage

Non-Commute Time/Interaction (Release)

87

il Service Industry + Storage Estate Monorail Service Express and Normal Service Station Normal Service Station Express Type: Normal Express w) 6am-10am;5pm-7pm;11pm-3am 5am - 12pm 6am-10am;5pm-7pm 5min Headway: 10 min 5min

w)

rvice

Express 6am-10am;5pm-7pm;11pm-3am 8min

Express 6am-10am;5pm-7pm 5min

ail Network)

89

89

17


1

4

2

5

1 4

N

5 6 Department 7

University of Agriculture

University of Agriculture 6

3

2

3

RingRoad

7

RingRoad

Division by Single Use Estates and Boundaries of Roads

A

A D F

B

C A B

Rail

E

F

G

C

Valuable Program

93

MainRoad

E

MainRoad

D

Master Plan 1:10000 Legend Inner Centers

Resident, Govement Department or School Building

Knots/Service Points

Square and Orignal Flyover Field,Agriculture

Railway Station

Green Land Commercial Estate Crossing Design

Bicycle Tracks Road Surface Design

Inner Links

Links/Bicycle Tracks,Monorail + Crossing and Road Surface Design

Monorial

Knots

95

Design of Inner Centers and Links--- Regional Masterplan in Middle Scale ( Road System)

18

Site Location


Agriculture Estate

Catering

Catering

N Commercial Estate Redstone Pavement

A

B

Flower Container C Light

A

Convertible Facilities x 6

School Use

School Use

Shalter C

Bench

Badminton+Market Stall Zoning+Traffic Line Division Hole

Temperary Car Park

Cobble Stone

Bicycle and Jogging Track

B

Temperary Parking

Dorm

Dorm

Dorm

Temperary Parking

Temperary Parking

Residential Estate

Little Park Car Commuting

Plan 1:800 Shalters

Mode 2: Integrated with Pavement/Ground Surface (such as cobble stone;different color pavement indicating traffic line,market stall and badminton square) and Arrangement of Spatial Facilities (like convertible bench/facilities, flower containers and long benches), the street could prohibit traffic in order to release space for people interaction in non-commute time. While it is commute time, the street opens the whole capacity of traffic for circulation.

Plan 1:800

Bicycle Commuting

Temperary Parking

Temperary Parking

Temperary Parking

Pedestrian

Pedestrian

Convertible Bench Flower Containers Light

C-C 1:400

Rest Bench

Bicycle Kerbs

Rest

Rest

Holes

Market

Cars A-A 1:400

Rest

Stall

Rest

Stall

B-B 1:400

Commute Time 6am-10am;5pm-7pm;11pm-6am

Bicycle Plan Commute Time/6am-10am;5pm-7pm;11pm-6am 1:800 When it is commute time, the flower containers and the convertible benches are arranged align in rows integrated with the white traffic line pavement as well as the light line and holes on the ground. They indicate and also separate different traffic(cars,bicycles and pedestrians) for a higher circulation of commuting, conversely, the interaction of people becomes less.

Location

119

C-C 1:400

Grass Field

Badmiton Cars A-A 1:400

Bike Track+Jogging Track

Badmiton

Badmiton

B-B 1:400

Jogging

Non-Commute Time Morning Market 10am-5pm

Plan Non-Commute Time10am-5pm Morning Market 1:800 The convertible benche could change as a market table with goods placed on it to allow trade and the surface mark on the ground defines the area of each stall, in order to enhance social interaction. The flower containers could be arrange to block the traffic of cars and just allow bicycles, which creates a harmonious environment for people/pedestrian to go in.

C-C 1:400

Cobble Stone

Axonomatrix

A-A 1:400

B-B 1:400

Chronological Alternative Systems in the street design Non-Commute Time7pm-11pm Night Sport The holes on the ground could sustain the posts and the net for playing badminton, integrated with the surface mark on the ground. The cars are prohibited to get through by the flower containers and there are no bicycles passing at this moment and people can use the bicycle track as a jogging line for exercise.

Non-Commute Time Night Sport 7pm-11pm

Detail Design in Street-scape 19


6am-10am

Commute Time 6am-10am

Spatial Organization of the Road

06am am - 10 am

10am-5pm

6am - 10 am

Compress

Non-Commute Time Morning Market 10am-5pm

Release

123

127

10am - 5pm

6am - 10 am

Compress

Movement of Traffic and Social Interaction

5pm 10am - 5pm

5pm-7pm

Commute Time 5pm-7pm

6am - 10 5pm am - 7 pm

10am - 5pm

Compress Release

The Lines of Movement/ Behaviour of Links

pm 5pm - 7 pm

7pm - 11pm 10am - 5pm

5pm - 7 pm

Release Compress 20

pm 7pm - 11pm

5pm - 7 pm 11pm - 6am

7pm - 11pm


6am - 10 am

10am - 5pm

Compress

7pm-11pm

5pm - 7 pm

Compress

Non-Commute Time Night Sport 7pm-11pm

Release 129

11pm-6am

Commute Time 11pm-6am

Compress 125

Release 6am - 10 am

7pm - 11pm

Compress 6am - 1011pm am - 6am

10am - 5pm

Compress

Compress

Mode 2 10am - 5pm Release

gram Design of the Road 5pm - 7 6am pm - 10 am

Release 5pm - 7 pm Spatial Organization of A Transprogram Design of the Road

Release

Mode 1 Movement of Traffic and Social Interaction

Movement of Traffic and Social Interaction

Compress 7pm - 11pm

21


Compress

6am-10am;5pm-7pm;11pm-6am

Release Mode

6

Compress Mode Release

Release Mode

10am-5pm;7pm-11pm

Middle Scale/District

A superimposition of compress and release in Compress and Release mode in big scale cou and looseness indicate a superimposition of c

139

141

Compress 6am-10am;5pm-7pm;11pm-6am

Release 10am-5pm;7pm-11pm

Compress Mode in big scale

6am-10am;5pm-7pm;11pm-6am

Release Mode in big scale

10am-5pm;7pm-11pm Release Mode in big scale

10am-5pm;7pm-11pm

Release Mode in big s

10am-5pm;7pm-11

Release Mode in local scale

10am-5pm;7pm-11pm Compress Mode in local scale

Release Mode in big scale

6am-10am;5pm-7pm;11pm-6am

10am-5pm;7pm-11pm

Compress Mode in local scale

6am-10am;5pm-7pm;11pm-6am

Release Mode in local scale

10am-5pm;7pm-11pm

Release Mode in b

10am-5pm;7pm

Compress and Release

Mega FinallyScale/City in a biggest scale as a whole system(monorail network + local road grid redevelopment), compress or release 22could happen in different dimension of space(local or big) in the same system along with time, in order to archieve a highest efficency of land use to enhance the penetration of traffic and social interacton.

147


7pm-11pm

6am-10am;5pm-7pm;11pm-6am

10am-5pm

n big scale uld be reflected by the threads linking the bigger centers. The tightness compress and release as a superimposition.

scale

11pm

big scale

m-11pm

System Behaviours

Behaviours of the system/dynamic model reflect different relation between circulation conditions in different time and variation in physical condition of urban space. It stands for a timetable and relevant daily routine of a place in particular scale.

A superimposition of compress and release in huge scale This model reflects the superimposition of compress and release along time in the space of all different scales in the whole system in the city. The threads connecting local scale/small centers and the big scale/bigger centers move

23


24


A Further Research on Patterns/Prototypes and Process

Slow Patterns___ MLA Research Major Project in RMIT University Strategy for Human Interaction in Urbanism Tutor: Charles Anderson(RMIT University/SAALA); Natasha Morgan; Jock Gilbert RMIT; Craig Douglas RMIT Solo Work

25


Abstract

How can I use patterns as mechanism to generate a complex landscape system for sustainability of human interaction in urban redevelopment? The research is concerned about relationship between patterning, human interaction and urban redevelopment in old residential area. Intension is to research a landscape system based on mechanism of different natural patterns to conduct landscape design in these city spaces for integration with human interaction (neighborhood) and urban redevelopment. In project A, I explore for a strategy to integrate human interaction with social economic redevelopment, between which clash is made in Urbanism, especially in China. Chinese city towns are undertaking economic redevelopment by governments and the lost of neighborhood is a result after the projects. My project is one of these redevelopments in Guangzhou, China. My intention is to research a landscape system for circulation space in new design instead of government plan, which can maintain quality of human interaction and fulfill the demands of social and economic redevelopment. In this system, patterns are mechanisms to conduct generation of spatial morphology and programmatic arrangement in order to affect human interaction (of human behavior) according to social psychology (social theatre). In the design, I analyzed the site integrated with different mechanisms of patterns to generate spatial configurations, which, as a result, produced different types of social theatres to affect human interaction. But the exploration of spatial design is not enough and not all the mechanisms of patterns were clear, therefore, some spatial properties were not considered, as a result, how social theatre works in these mechanisms of spatial design was unclear. Secondly, interaction and integration between different patterns to create a larger and more complex system are not clear enough. That is to say there are still potentials to explore the systems in order to make the mechanism of these patterns more reusable on human interaction in any urban redevelopment. Based on previous spatial design in project A , intention of project B is to improve understand of patterns as design prototype to refine detail design on the spatial qualities such as Pavement, Programs and Infrastructures, Terrain Design, road system and look at how different patterns exert in these properties and how these patterns interact to create an active complex system in spatial窶田hronological process, in order insert social theatres for human interaction in urban landscape and eliminate stereotype in government plan such as physical separation( fence and inaccessible huge green field), rigid program distribution and integrating with social economic redevelopment. Finally, through design with patterning and based on the theatre of social theatre, this research aims at transferring the logic of patterns into generation invisible theatres for producing of a series of invisible fence by human behavior/interaction in order to replace the physical separation and redistribute the rigid program arrangement in government plan. Office

Residential Area

N

Residential Area

Mainroad

Office

Useless Grass Field

Office

N

Office Office

High Commercial

Xian Village

Office Useless Grass Field

Residential Area Mall

High Commercial Residential Tower

Office

Useless Grass Field

CBD

School

Hotel

River Residential Tower

Mainroad

Residential Area

Residential Tower

Site Plan 1:50000

26

Residential Tower

Village Existing Plan 1:10000

Residential Tower

View Direction


Flexible Component

Mechanism

Home

Invisible Theatre

Inflexible Components Mechanism Component of Packing Component of Packing

Invisible Theatre

ComponentComponent of Packing of Packing

Home

Vision

Vision

Vision

Component of Packing Component of Packing

Vision

Here, the program of selling clothes Here, the program of selling clothes need high circulation linear space such need high circulation linear space such as a long part of a laneway for showing as a long part of a laneway for showing more clothes to more customers. more clothes to more customers.

Clothes Selling

Vision

Vision

Fasion Model

Home

Stall on the corner beside mainstreet has more opportunity to atract costumers’ notice.

Extension Stall

Snack Stall

Vision

CBD

Vision

Home

Passager with long stay, the program just serve single person

Tailer

Opposition Opposition Visual Connection Visual Connection Person or

Person Vision Atracted or Vision Atracted Main Street Main Street

Passager Behavior: passing by, moving closer to crowd, being attracted visually and getting rid of the crowd/obstacle.... Visionpassing by, moving Passager Behavior: Visioncloser to crowd, being attracted visually and getting rid of the crowd/obstacle.... Spect-Actor --- Behavior in Static Condition: talking, trading, service, sitting together to eat.... Spect-Actor --- Behavior in Static Condition: talking, trading, service, sitting together to eat.... Field of Local Directly Interaction ( Behaviour sharing similar purposes or Co-opperation ) Home Interaction ( Behaviour sharing similar purposes or Co-opperation ) Field of Local Directly

Catering

Passager with long stay for eating, which is countering to the high circulation of street

Path Remained for Entrance

Home

Stall on the corner beside mainstreet has more Vision opportunity to atract Vision costumers’ notice.

Haircut

Here, the program of selling clothes need high circulation linear space such as a long part of a laneway for showing more clothes to more customers.

Stall On Ground Vision

Legend

CBD

Vision

Main Street

Home

Person

Spect-Actor --- Behavior in Static Condition: talking, trading, service, sitting together to eat.... or

Passager with long stay, the program

Field Condition when people participate in an activity, which is just serve single person defined by Interpersonal Distance( will be talked in the follow)

Observation by Activities of Attraction Passager Behavior: passing by, moving closer to crowd, being attracted visually and getting rid of the crowd/ obstacle....

Passager with long eating, whichwhich is Passager withstay longfor stay for eating, is Path Remained for Entrance Path Remained for Entrance countering to theto high of street countering thecirculation high circulation of street Passager with long stay for eating, which is Path Remained for Entrance Passager with long stay for eating, which is Path Remained for Entrance countering to the high circulation of street countering to the high circulation of street

Minimal Invisible Theatre/Component and Local Interaction Some behaviors in the town is very special and convey sense of neighborhood. with long for which eating,iswhich is PassagerPassager with long stay for stay eating, countering to the high circulation of street

Path Remained for Entrance Path Remained for Entrance

27


Local Interaction

Mechanism

Mechanism

90degree Joint

120degree Joint

Activators

Proportion of Program

Legislation

90degree Joint in Rock

120degree Joint in Peat

Patches

Opposite Programs and Social Group

Distinct Land Form

Landform Insert and Disturb

Fragmentation in a Matrix

Insert and Disturb

Programmatic-Spatial Fragmentation in a dominant land use

Integrated by Activators in Transition Transition between Species Enriched for Interaction

Pattern 1----- Patching: Programmatic Insertion

28

Transition between Social Groups Enriched for Interaction


Go Fast or Slow

Commercial Usage

8%

Business Apartment

Hotel

Business Run

Village Own (70-60)m2 on average

Business Run

19%

Fulfill Government Plan

4%

8%

Village Own (70-60)m2 on average

19%

4% View Direction

10%

10%

Replacement Room: House to House including exchange original shop into residential area

Villagers

59%

Migrant

Exchange

just for villagers

Proportion of Program in Area

Program Arrangment in Government Plan

Tower

Migrant

Swithch To

Residential Replacement

Local Shop 3:1 ratio from residential area to commercial area

7%

59% - 7%

The Total Area of Residential is cut down to get Room for High Density of Lowrise Buildings

Proportion of Program in Area Insert Patches(Programs: local shop, migrant workers rental) into Replacement

Residential Towers Being Built

Overview of Arrangement of Program in Proposed Design Residential Area

Space is sinuous for neighbors to have more time to chat when going up or down along stair.

24F

Go Fast or Slow

Stop and Go

Feel easy to get down to ground , unlike high tower

Office

Office

Cinema

Mall

Sunshine Direction

Mall

Office

Office

6 floors

Lowrise

Lowrise

6 floors

12 floors ~

12 floors ~

Highrise

Highrise

Hotel

Laneway 4m

Lowrise

Laneway 6m

Laneway 8m

Residential Tower School

Lake

Kids Play

Foodcourt

Public Museum

Food Court

Laneway 13m

Diagram of Legislation of Firedistance

The shadow of buildings at noon in winter cannot touch the buildngs behind.

Kindergardern

rack ar T

yC

-wa

One

Residential Tower

Diagram about Legislation of Overshadowing To Confirm Building Allocation

6 6floors floors

Mainroad

Space is sinuous for neighbors to have more time to chat when going up or down along stair.

Poeple work together to clean the stair in festival cleaning.Some of them pouring water others sweep.

Office

Kids Play

Temporary Carpark/Ball Court

Lift in Tower

Commercial Street

Kids Play

Existing Condition

Legislation of Lowrise Buildings to Enhance Usage of Stair

Temporary Carpark

Public Sport

30 15 0

Angles to Horizon

Design

Temporary Carpark/Ball Court

Office

15-21m

Stair in Low Rise

4F

Furniture

Below 7 floors is lowrise builidng which can be built without elevator.

18F 12F 4F 4F 6F 18F 4F 6F 6F 4F 6F 18F 4F 6F 6F 6F 6F 5F 6F 12F 6F 6F 6F 6F 6F 6F 6F 6F 6F 6F 6F 6F 6F 6F 6F 6F 6F 6F 18F 6F 6F 18F 6F 12F 6F 18F 12F

Mall

Mall

Mainroad

Short Stair: Sharing Theatre

24F

Commercial

Spring Festival Cleaning

What you can control ?

24F

Mainroad

Poeple work together to clean the stair in festival cleaning.Some of them pouring water others sweep.

4F

Office

Mainroad

rt

Office

ou

Feel easy to get down to ground , unlike high tower

Rental of Shop (3000RMB/month or through negotiation)

Rental of Shop (60m2 56000RMB/month)

Rental of Shop (60m2 56000RMB/month)

T C emp ar o pa ra rk ry /B al lC

15-21m

Stair in Low Rise

Minimal distance between two buildings in case of fire

Mainroad Masterplan of Program on the Ground

1:20000 Hotel

Residential Area

Residential Tower

Residential Tower

Residential Tower

A network of Laneway and Small Courtyard Residential Area

Office

Mainroad

Mall

Mall

Temporary Carpark/Ball Court

rt

Temporary Carpark

T C emp ar o pa ra rk ry /B al lC ou

Cinema

Mainroad

Office

Mainroad

Office

Commercial Street

Public Sport

Mall

Office

Apartment for Migrant Workers Short Term Stay

Mall

Officee

Apartment for Migrant Workers Long Term Stay Hotel

Local Shop

Inserted Program

Mainroad

Commercial Usage

Fulfilled Program

O

Kindergardern

yC

a ne-w

Residential Tower School

Kids Play

Residential Tower

Hotel

rack ar T

Office

Business Apartment

Temporary Carpark/Ball Court

consider migrant workers’ interest), Local People and Government( stands for high-income Citizen), the ratio of program arrangement and legistlations as activators become an interface for spatial-programmatic transition between different usage like consumers and resident. The arrangement of local shop, villager replacement and migrant worker dorm results from differen spatial quality such as location of scenery resource(such as lake, temples, small courtyards), location of commercial estate; local legislation on height and interval of buildings; and the individual decision of local villagers ( on what plan they would like to select). Thus, this fragmentation of landscaope becomes a forum theatre of smart interactive co-operation between different and countering social groups in a large spatial scale.

Office

Kids Play Furniture

Programmatic Fregmentation--Mix Social Structure Programmatic Fragmentation is the result of negotiation between Designers(who

Commercial

Kids Play

Office

Lake

Foodcourt

Public Museum

Food Court

Mainroad Masterplan of Program on the Ground

Final Result by the two Activators Programmatic Fragmentation of Proprosed Design Masterplan 29 Residential Area

Hotel

Residential Tower

Residential Tower

Residential Tower


Residential Area

Office

Mainroad

Commercial Center

Mainroad

Mainroad

Office Office

Office

Mall

Office

Mall

Laneway 1 School

Hotel Mix-Used

Mechanism Interval between different blocks and relative positions of them affect passway, interaction, quantity of the fluid.

Mechanism From left to right: Symmetry, Horizontal Transposition, Verticle Transposition.

Semi PrivateS

Commercial/Office

Foodcourt

Mainroad

Site

Masterplan 1:1785 Residential Tower

Residential Area Residential Tower

Residential Tower

emi Private

S mode on Laneway1 Particle: Transfering Fluid

Mainroad

Hotel

Residential Tower Residential Tower

Relatively Active

Private

Commercial/Office

emi Private

Office

Office

Office

Mix-Used

Semi PrivateS

Commercial Street

Plan 1:200

Passway of Pedestrian

Physical Structure Wall...

4m

Active Center

6m

Programed Infrastructure where provide attraction to people to participate particular activities

8m

Average Range of interaction Average inteactive range at which a group of human affect passer-by

Object: Block

Topography, obstacles

Component

Neutral Center

Unprogramed Space for people to stay and provide privacy for people observe activities arround( activities in active center)

Que

Fruite Shop

Attraction

Absorption Attract pedestrian to participate

Repulsion

Lateral Force

Passing away Best Distance of Interaction in Passway Hierachy: Participation

Passing away

Observation

Section A-A 1:130 Talking about Price

Local Interaction

Loafing and Looking A

Pattern 2---- Meandering:Programmatic Extrusion

30


euing and Look Around

Buying Food From A Familiar Store

Reading Vegetable Shop

Snack Stall

Snack Stall

Fruit Shop

Buying Food

Buying Food

Talk about Trivia

Meat Shop

Section B-B 1:130 Eatting at the Corner

Talking about Price Shop Allocate

Talking about Price

d Face to Fac

Arrouond

e

Watching Staff Cutting Meat

Queuing and Watching TV

Shop Allo

Obsrevation/Visual Interaction

cated Fac

e to Face

31


Residential Area

Office

Mainroad

Commercial Center

Commercial Street Mainroad

Mainroad

Office Office

Office

Mall

Office

Courtyard 2

Office

School

Hotel Mix-Used

Irrotational Vortex

2 Rotational Vortex 3 Partical Spinning Arround Center

Absorption

Mainroad

Hotel

Commercial/Office

Foodcourt

Residential Tower Residential Tower

Commercial/Office

Mix-Used

Mall

Office

Office

Mainroad

Site

Masterplan 1:1785 Residential Tower

Residential Area Residential Tower

Residential Tower

Radiation Attract pedestrian inside to observe surrounding

Attract pedestrian to participate

Active Vortex

Neutral Vortex

Exchange zone

HS mode in Small Courtyard 2

In-between Zone Natural Vortices. 1 and 2 are two are two kinds of vortex in the nature. They have variation of speed proportion to distance towards or from centre, thus, hierachy in speed. Each kind has relative hierachy as shown above. 3 Direction of particle follow that of the Centre, so the centre can repulse or attract particles. 4 Exchange Zone to combine vortices.

Interfacing Design Mechanism of Vortices ( If these vortices of spiral as simple systems can be seen as components, these mechanism can be seen as local interaction or upper-local interaction)

Plan 1:250 Low Speed

High Speed

Hierachy

Observation Unprogramed Privacy

Participation Programed High Interaction

Hierachy of Intensity of Interaction Note:

Object: Center

Vortex Center

Active/Neutral Center:

Particle: Rotating Fluid

Vortex Line

Active Boundary

Neutral Boundary

Active Center/Land Mark or Building such as a traditional temple or multi-function square where provide dominant programs and scenery to attract people’ participation and absorb observation. Neutral Center/Landscape Sign/ It could be a tree with a big canopy where people enjoy the shade and feel relax to do any behaviour unprogramed on the site. Thus peple can be free to observe the surrounding for scenes.

In-between Zone Exchange zone

Passway

Components: left: components in natural vortex; right: components in design spiral system

Spiral/Vortex: Forum Theatre --- Programmatic Interfacing 32

Section Q-Q 1:125


Sculpture/Structure to Play by Children

People

Road Lamp

Hair Cut Stall

Tables and Chairs

Snack Stall

Stall

Long Bench

Concrete Block Magnolia Tree Concrete Brick Paulownia Tomentosa (Transplanted)

Active Vortex

Timber

Sand Brick Grass

In-between Zone Observation on Active Vortex

Neutral Vortex

Observation on In-between Zone Passway

Haircut

Playing

Playing

Catering Watching

Reading

Chat 33


Public

Spatial Process

Sleeping Time

11:30pm --- 6:00am

Traffic Priority

Villager Cycling to school Tricycle Hammal

6am

7am

9:30am

8am

10:00am

11:00am

12:00pm

2:00pm

4:00pm

6:00pm

7:00pm

8:00pm

10:00pm

10:30pm

11:30pm

6:00am

Activator: Time TF

Traffic Free

CF

Car Free

CB

Car+Bicycle

School Commute /After School

B

Bicycle

Tricycle Hammals Work Time

Catering Night Market Staff Lunch Time

TF

Street Market LocalShop

CF off work traffic on work traffic

CB

CB

CB CB

CB

CB

CB

Traffic Priority

CF

CB

CB

B

B

B

CF(B)

CF(B)

TF

CB

B

Outcome

CF

Carfree StreetMarket

TF CF

CF

CB

CB

CF(B)

TF

Trafficfree Catering

TF

TF

TF

TF

TF

6:00am --- 9:30am

Villager Cycling to school

Traffic Priority

CF CB CBCB

CB CB B

B

TF

TF

TF

Migrant Worker Cycling

Migrant Worker Cycling

CB

CB

CB

Local Style Restaurant Run by Migrant Workers

B

CF(B) CB

TF

CB

Carfree StreetMarket

TF

Trafficfree Night Market

CB

Traffic Priority

Traffic Priority

Tricycle Hammal

Stall Run by Migrant Workers Block Traffic

Tricycle Hammal

T2.Temporary Pedestrianized Road System

6am

7am

9:30am

8am

10:00am

11:00am

12:00pm

2:00pm

4:00pm

6:00pm

7:00pm

8:00pm

10:00pm

10:30pm

11:30pm

Stall Run by Local People

6:00am

Activator: Time CB

Car+Bicycle

School Commute /After School

B

Bicycle

Tricycle Hammals Work Time

LocalShop

off work traffic on work traffic

CB

CB

CB CB

B CB

Outcome

CB B

CB

CB

CB

B

B

B

CB B

CB B

CB

CB B

CB

CB

CB CB B

CB

CB B

B

CB B

CB CBCB

CB

CB

CB

B CB B

CB B

CB B

CB

CB

CB

Bicycle Priority Design

T3.Bicycle Track

Chronological Process 34 6am

Activator: Shadow SU

Sunshine

SD+

Shadow+ (Dark)

(Morning) Exercise Openair Theatre

7am

SU

9:30am

8am

SU

SU

SU

10:00am

SU

11:00am

12:00pm

9:30am --- 11:00am/2:00pm --- 5:00pm

2:00pm

4:00pm

6:00pm

7:00pm

8:00pm

10:00pm

SU SD+

SD+

SD+

10:30pm

11:30pm

6:00am

Carfree Streetmarket

Stall Run b


Neighbourhood Private

Local Style Restaurant Run by Migrant Workers Stall Run by Local People Stall Run by Migrant Workers

11:00am --- 2:00pm

Trafficfree Catering Center

Villager Cycling After school

Migrant Worker Cycling Off Work

5:00pm --- 7:00pm

Moveable stalls

Tricycle Worker

Traffic Priority

Moveable stalls

by Local People

7:00pm --- 11:30pm

Tricycle Worker

Moveable stalls

Moveable stalls

Moveable stalls

Trafficfree Nightmarket

35


36


Other Works

Some Renderings and Drawings Solo Work

37


Riverway Redevelopment in Dongpu Park Reach (Solo Work)

38


39


Xiangxue Park in Luogang Town (Solo Work)

40


41


Youth’s Hotel (Solo Work)

42


Villa Concept(Solo Work) 43


CV+Portfolio By Yan Luo