By TAMAN NA ULLAH
STREET ART & STREET SMARTLONDON’S SHOREDITCH IN FOCUS
This is an article about the history of shoreditch (london borough of hackney) and perspectives on ‘street art’ ; how it has changed throughout the years in shoreditch also, the regeneration and gentrification of shoreditch, over the past years.
horeditch is based in london within central, East London. Between the boroughs of hackney, tower hamlets and islington. The etymology Of ‘shoreditch’ has changed through history and it is still debated where the name ‘Shoreditch’ originates from. Many believe the original name was “Shore’s Ditch”, after jane shore the mistress of Edward IV, who died or
been buried in a ditch in the Had area however the area was known
as ‘Soersditch’ long before Jane Shore lived. The word ‘Soersditch’ was referring to the drain and the sewage pipes. ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shoreditch ) Shoreditch which is in Hackney, was not a stable community in the 1860s however, changes were occurring in the late 19th century. The Tyseen family, the largest of Hackney estate owners and Lord of the principal manors had an interest in the properties and the area of shoreditch. In the early 19th century Tyseen family commissioned artists and architects to draw buildings that were
threatened by development. They bought drawings and watercol o u r s from the estates, of artists like T.fisher and george Hawkins. Hawkins had produced his own prints to sell and had also left behind watercolours and sketches when he died, almost all of it was obtained by the Tyseens. The books, documents and drawings were housed in the second hackney town hall from the 1880s eventually passed down to the newly hackney public library in the 1908s and form the principle Of ‘Hackney Archives departments collection.’ (Book- Britain In old Photographs.Hackney,Homerton and Dalston David mander)
“diminished due to a lack of use and investment”
In the 1960s Shoreditch had many abandoned buildings which gave the estate office shoreditch’s founder the opportunity to invest useful properties close to the centre of london which also made more incomes. By 1970s the area was a chaos as warehouses like Tea Building on Shoreditch High Street (originally a bacon factory in the 1930s) were being vacated the economic situation was atrocious. Local stations like Shoreditch underground (opened in the 19th century by the East London R ailway Company) were diminished due to a lack of use and investment. This meant there was a lack of public transports which had a domino effect as people couldn’t go to work this prevented the gross national income.(http:// estateoffice.com/blog/50-yearsshoreditch)
In 1979 there was ‘bin men’s strike’ which had left shoreditch in a mess. There were racially fuelled riots and anti-fascist Demonstrations in a period of acute political and cultural change in brick lane.(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brick_Lane) Brick Lane is in the East London borough of tower hamlets from Swanfield Street in Bethnal Green, it crosses Bethnal Green Road in Shoreditch. Brick lane was the scene of the crime for the Jack the Ripper murders. In the 19th century, irish and jews immigrated in the area jewish immigration pursued into the early 20th century.
The later 20th century bangladeshi community immigrated and comprised the major group of I mmigrants and gradually dominated in the area.The area changed throughout the years and eventually Jews started moving out and Bangladeshis were moving in. in 1976 59 Brick lane was adapted and refurbished and the London Jamme Masjid had become the worship place for the bangladeshi community. ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Brick_Lane_Mosque)
Shoreditch Masjid Trust 53-55 Redchurch St, London E2 7DJ This was to serve the needs of the community as bangladeshis started moving in to look for work many found work in factories and the textile trade.
In the 1980s Shoreditch started making progress as companies began taking over warehouses, triggering regeneration of the community it brought innovation to various fields, spanning from the social to the political until the artistic which is still ongoing.
The area also became extremely popular with Londonâ€™s edgy
and artistic crowd. And eventually meant visual artists, fashion designers and other creatives gradually moved into Victorian factory spaces and redefining the art scene in shoreditch. This triggered a domino effect, Crime rates started to increase as many people lost their jobs as companies took over the ware Houses. Brick lane is now well known for the street art and the famous artwork produced by people like Banksy, D*Face and Ben Eine. Artist from different boroughs and counties go brick lane as they are aware their artwork is appreciated and encouraged. ( http://www.visitbricklane.org/brick-lane-streetart/4537674490 )
I interviewed local people in shoreditch focusing on how they personally feel about the street art in shoreditch and how the development of the area has affected the their perspective; how gentrification has affected the local people. These are the questions i asked the people i came across 1)how old are you? 2) do you work here? 3)do you live here 4)how often do you come to shoreditch? 5) Do you believe shoreditch developed throughout the years? 6) in your opinion is change a good thing or a bad thing? 7) has the gentrification in Shoreditch result in a negative impact or a positive impact? 8)What are the positives and the negatives? 9)How do you think Shoreditch can develope 10)Do you believe graffiti has a negative or positive contribution to the society? Person 1 1)”31” 2)”Yes” 3)”No” 4) “Quite often because I work in shoreditch” 5)” I have heard it has changed dramatically but i personally wouldn’t know as i only recently started working in shoreditch” 6) “All changes are good to a certain extent like the graffiti on the walls it gives the people of shoreditch a new perspective” 7) “The development has had negative and positive impact as artist are dropping there is more tech involved” 8)”The street art is losing its value, people don’t really appreciate the graffiti on the walls” 9)”Reducing the rent.” 10) “The positive side of graffiti is that artist use graffiti to get their views across as there is a political meaning behind some graffiti. However some graffiti has no meaning behind it and is just there to leave a mark.”
Person 2 1)”20” 2)”Yes” 3)”No” 4)”Often” 5)”Yes” 6)”Somethings are good some things are bad like the housing price has increased its harder for you to rent compared to the previous years” 7)”Yes” 8)”Positive in terms of the buildings have been refurbished it looks more attractive than before as some buildings was in a terrible state” ”negative because people are becoming homeless some people are getting kicked out even if they have been living in there house for years due to high rent” 9)reduce the cost of the housing prices 10)”I personally find graffiti interesting as it gives people a new perspective” This shows that shoreditch has changed immaculately and reveals that the area has had many ups and downs throughout the years, My results show a consistent pattern that changes have also impacted the community in a negative way as housing rent in Shoreditch “housing price has increased,” beyond what people can pay for. The change that shoreditch has been through is so dramatic, even those that have lived here for more than 20 years have been forced to move out.
In my opinion I believe that the change has had more positive side even though the rent has increased shoreditch has improved for the better as it brings more income. Regarding to the street art I believe, people views on street art has changed and is seen more as acceptable in certain areas. The street art is also appreciated by tourists as street art has become one of London’s tourist attraction. The graffiti also has meaning behind it which I believe makes it more valuable, however people also have had negative views believing that it arises conflict but overall i believe that the street art gives london a unique experience.
Secondary Sources: Book- Britain In old photographs. Hackney,homerton and Dalston David mander Websites: http://estateoffice.com/blog/50-years-shoreditch http://www.visitbricklane.org/brick-lane-streetart/4537674490 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brick_Lane https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brick_Lane_Mosque https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shoreditch Primary sources: Interview
Shoreditch Whitby Street