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Yale First Nation Media Scrapbook 2015-2020

Yale First Nation Government opens its doors in Hope History was made when Yale First Nation invited the community to attend the grand opening of their new office location X. Y. ZENG / Oct. 29, 2015 3:00 p.m. I NEWS

Yale First Nation (YFN) made history on Friday when they opened their new Government office in Hope. The From left to right: Pedro Moreno, Vanessa Peters (centre) and YFN Chief Ken Hansen in front of their new building on 3rd Avenue.

building was alive with guests, and

members of its council and the chief, as traffic moved freely through the modern and bright space on 3rd Avenue. Yale First Nation relocated to Hope in a spiritual and historic move to open its doors to members and non-members of the community. It's an effort to bridge the gap, educate, and to mend relationships on all levels with First Nation and Non­ First Nation residents. "The purchase of the building is beneficial to the YFN Membership and the new location is more central to our communities," Yale First Nation Chief Ken Hansen told The Hope Standard. Three communities are part of Yale First Nation, including one located in the community of Ruby Creek, Yale town proper, and one based in Vancouver. According to Hansen

3/2/2018 Yale First Nation puts hold on treaty implementation

Yale Chief Ken Hansen, who in a December interview said he was hopeful of a renewed relationship with Ottawa following Justin Trudeau's election win, was not available Thursday. But the chief and his council issued a terse statement Thursday saying the deal won't be implemented. "The Yale final agreement has critical flaws that cannot be resolved within the current B.C. treaty process," the statement said. "We want to look ahead to how we can meet the real, pressing needs of our people, in a relationship of mutual cooperation and respect." B.C. Aboriginal Relations Minister John Rustad confirmed that the Yale won't meet their April 2016 target date. He said the delay is related to an dispute with the much larger Sto:lo First Nation over fishing rights in the Fraser Canyon. "What they've said to me is they felt they wanted to be able to work out and reach more closely with the Sto:lo. So we're trying to figure out what does that mean? How do we actually do this? Because we've never actually had anybody that's gone down this route now after everything has been ratified." Rustad expressed disappointment. "When you see the benefits First Nations have experienced in treaty, its huge," he said in an interview. "All the nations that have entered into treaty have significantly progressed in terms of what they have been able to do for their culture and people, (and) for their . . . economy." The minister said it's "unfortunate" the Yale are pulling away but said his officials will continue to work with them to reach the implementation stage. Sto:lo Tribal Council Grand Chief Doug Kelly praised the decision, saying Hansen's leadership after replacing former chief Bob Hope has led to positive and "respectful" talks with the Sto:lo. While more than 100 B.C. "bands" under the Indian Act are involved in the treaty process, only three treaties have been implemented - involving the Tsawwassen First Nation in the Lower Mainland, the Maa-nulth group of First Nations on Vancouver Island, and - in negotiations that took place outside the formal treaty process - the Nisga'a Nation in northwestern B.C.

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Yale First Nation puts hold on treaty implementation

the funding of agreed-upon programs and services from its own sources of revenue." â&#x20AC;˘ The deal also included extensive fishing rights on their privately-held land, with the caveat that the Yale had agreed to "allow reasonable public access to all lands for temporary recreational uses and temporary non-commercial purposes. This will include reasonable opportunities to hunt and fish, as well as First Nations' traditional purposes."



Yale First Nation rejects B.C. treaty, citing 'critical flaws' - The Globe and Mail


Yalen Hansen, who was recently elected to lead the band - located in the Fraser Canyon north of Hope - declined to answer questions. B.C. Aboriginal Relations and Reconciliation Minister John Rustad said he is still hopeful the treaty can be saved. 11

We are looking forward to sitting down with them to understand better the issues they have and to hopefully find a path to resolution,11 Mr. Rustad said. He said he wasn't sure what objections had been raised. 11

We need to explore the issues with Yale, 11 the minister said. 11 This is a process that went through about 60 community meetings within the Yale Nation, so people are well informed. It was ratified by the community. It was ratified, of course, in legislation passed by the province and federal government. So there was an extensive process that led to this. 11 The agreement was under negotiation for many years and was first signed in 2010, when Ottawa and B.C. heralded it as the third treaty to emerge from the province's treaty process. The deal, which was due to be implemented in April, would have given the Yale First Nation more than $12-million and control of nearly 2,000 hectares of land. While the treaty was endorsed in a vote by band members, it was unpopular with the neighbouring Sto:lo Nation because it would have given the Yale band control over access to traditional fishing camps. The B.C. Wildlife Federation also objected to the treaty because it gave the band a guaranteed share of the Fraser River sockeye run, which the BCWF said set a troubling precedent. @




Two decades later, back where we started: Yale First Nation and the failed treaty process I Fraser Institute

in the negotiated agreement, citing a fishing rights dispute with the Sto:lo First Nation. Given that more than 100 per cent of B.C. is currently under claim by First Nations it was only a matter of time before overlapping claims presented a major obstacle to finalizing treaty agreements. After 20 years of negotiating, this is pa1ticularly discouraging since Yale was seen as an example of how the modern treaty process could be successfully implemented. However, the Yale treaty also serves as an example of the flaws within the modern treaty process. For example, by negotiating for more than 20 years the Yale First Nation has generated more than $6.5 million in loan repayments to the federal government and they are not alone. As of January 2013, the federal government was owed $466 million in loan payments from the 56 First Nations communities involved in the B.C. treaty process. With both the federal and provincial governments on the hook for operating and settlement costs, the amount spent on the treaty process is estimated to be much higher with only three successful treaties negotiated to date. The failure to reach a final agreement has not only let down those who wished to see aboriginal rights protected by treaties but also those who hoped a treaty would bring land ce1tainty to pa1t of B.C. However, research has shown that modern agreements may in fact add unce1tainty to regions. For example, Fraser Institute research .(https:/./.www.fraserinstitute.org/sites/ default/files/mining-and-aboriginal-rights-in-Y-!!kon-how-certainty.:. affects-investor-confidence.pdf} in the Yukon has shown that when courts open up treaties and "[impose] additional, unforeseen obligations on governments" instead of respecting the terms laid out in the agreement, unce1tainty increases. Originally, the 1990 Umbrella Final Agreement signed by 11 out of the 14 First Nations communities in the Yukon was viewed to be "a model that offered legal ce1tainty" and led to a wave of mining development in 2003. However, the study notes that when the comts opened up the treaties beyond the scope of the written agreement, they undermined the very certainty they sought to establish, thus creating a climate of both legal and economic unce1tainty. The stalled Yale First Nation treaty reflects the broken nature of the treaty process that has taken decades to negotiate at a high financial cost for all those involved. Until the B.C. Treaty Commission finds a way to efficiently negotiate treaties in a timely and cost-effective way, more communities may succumb to the same fate as Yale First Nation. Timeline of Yale First Nation Treaty_(http_;//www.bctrea:ty.net/nations/Y.ale.php). 1994:

Yale First Nation produces statement of intent for treaty process


Readiness documents completed and accepted by BCTC


Framework agreement signed


Agreement in principle signed


Yale First Nation Final Agreement initialed


Final Agreement signed by all patties, implementation date set for April 1 2016


Yale First Nation announces treaty implementation is currently on hold


Desecrated monument restored Yale First Nation led the restoration and unveiling ceremony of the Eayem Memorial, marking a new beginning for the Sto:lo people X. Y. ZENG / Apr. 14, 2016 12:00 p.m. I NEWS

The Eayem Memorial met with an official restoration and unveiling at its site in Yale on Saturday. The historic moment was hosted by

Yale First Nation hosted the restoration and unveiling ceremony of the Eayem Memorial in Yale on Saturday. This historic moment marks a new beginning for the Sto:lo people.

Yale First Nation Chief, Ken Hansen,

councilors Pedro Moreno and Vanessa Peters in collaboration with the Sto:lo Nation Chiefs Council and the Sto:lo Research & Resource Management Center. An act of vandalism on behalf of Yale First Nation members many years ago, left the monument desecrated, causing a rift between fellow Sto:lo members "With respect to the destruction of the cemetery monument, I was one of the Yale First Nation members involved. I have lived with the effects for years, not knowing who was affected or how my actions have affected them," said Hansen. "Today I heard from individuals about the pain they have suffered, but their generous display of forgiveness and acceptance proves that our culture is still alive and well."

The healing ceremony commenced with traditional regalia as the Sto:lo Nation (which includes Yale First Nation members) put forward the intention for peace and forgiveness between its members. The band leaders stood stoically in front of the memorial as they embraced each other and attending members in an act of love and reconciliation. The Eayem Memorial, also goes by the name Solkweyem, which means monument. The memorial was erected in the cemetery at Bell Crossing, within the Fraser Canyon of the Sto:lo Fishery. The inscription on the monument reads: 1938 A.O. Erected by the Stallo Indians in memory of many hundreds of our forefathers buried here. This is one of six ancient cemeteries within our five mile native fishing grounds which we inherited from our ancestors. "As current Chief of Yale First Nation, I hope to provide an example for those who wish to heal from past experiences through acknowledgment, acceptance and action, as I believe this is the only way we can move forward as a community. I thank all who attended the ceremony and look forward to developing relationships built on equality and respect for one another."

First Nations Drum Canada's Largest First Nations Newspaper I


The Housing Revolution: Quality High-Efficiency Housing with Lower Operating Costs by First Nations Drum (httP-:l/www.firstnationsdrum.com/author/admin/), December 23, 2016 In the Fall of 2016, Yale First Nation signed on with modular builder, Britco, to start a housing revolution. For the past few years, Yale has been struggling to solve its housing crisis. They have a need, they have funding, but the solutions that existed did not necessary bring true affordability to the Nation's 160 band members - specifically those that live on reserve. Yale First Nation's existing housing was becoming uninhabitable, with basic structural issues plaguing many members' homes. Housing that had barely met building codes when it was built 22 years prior was now structurally unsound. Their homes were literally falling apart. And substandard housing wasn't the only issue for the Yale First Nation. In winter months, the majority of their community members would have difficulty paying their Hydro bill - which isn't surprising considering the average Hydro bill last winter came in at $350. This left the Nation helping its members pay those bills and, at times, footing the bill for food and other necessities as well.

Pioneering Passive House The housing revolution begins with two townhouse complexes for ten Yale First Nation families built to Passive House standards. Passive House standards are currently the highest standards of energy efficiency in a building available in the world today, making Yale First Nation the most energy efficient First Nation in Canada per capita once the townhouses are complete. This extreme energy efficiency will reduce energy costs by 80% and the members living in the townhouses will see and feel the difference in quality and comfort immediately.


BC First Nation Gets Active about Passive Housing I The Tyee

Yale receives a maximum of $169,000 from the federal government to build a house. That's enough for a single-family, wood-frame house or, as Yale First Nation Chief Ken Hansen calls them, "B.C. box houses." The houses meet the basic 8.C. building code. But that's not saying much. Such "stick-built" on-site houses can take six months to a year to put up, so long as the Yale area's frequent rain delays co-operate. And even when complete, the to-basic-code structures are drafty. Lingering moisture leads to mould and rot. Nonetheless, Yale has built 14 "B.C. box houses" of three or four bedrooms each for rent to members in three different reserve communities. Those tenants pay for the structures' poor quality on an ongoing basis, said Crystal Sedore, housing manager for the Yale First Nation: "In the winter, we have a couple of houses that are over $200 a month to heat." For many tenants, that's a lot of extra money to come up with. Often it falls to the band to bail them out by paying the bill. "It's just one more thing that the band should not really be doing, but we have an obligation to make sure that our membership has heat and hydro," Sedore said. "So we do it." So when the band decided to invest in building some new rental housing, they knew what didn't work. What were needed were homes that would cut down on energy costs, withstand the wet climate, and be suited to singles and smaller families. That led Yale to Langley, B.C., in the Vancouver suburbs, and to Britco, a modular building company. Yale contracted Britco to build 10 two-bedroom units in a pair of buildings that meet the high-efficiency Passive House design requirements. A six-plex in Ruby Creek reserve just south of Hope, B.C. is expected to welcome its first tenants at the end of this month. Construction on a smaller four-plex is slated to begin this spring in either the Stullawheets or Dogwood reserve north of Hope. "For us, the appeal was not only are we being environmentally conscious, which is very important to our chief and council," Sedore said, "but also to build housing that is beyond minimal acceptable standards. "We want something better, and our membership deserves better."

Turn on the lights to stay warm



BC First Nation Gets Active about Passive Housing I The Tyee

Passive House is a home designed to be so energy-efficient that it can stay warm at 17 C with residents' body heat, energy from the sun, and turning on the lights. Like Net Zero (https:j/thetyee.ca/News/2016/10/05/Net-Zero-Answer-Housing­

Woes/) housing, Passive Housing relies on strict construction standards and material specifications {http://www.passivehouse.ca/design-fundementals) to ensure as little heat seepage as possible. That means thicker insulation than standard building codes require, triple­ glazed insulated windows that face the sun to take advantage of nature's heating system, and a heat-recovery ventilation system to ensure fresh air cycles through the house while maintaining internal temperatures. Homes meeting Passive House standards require up to 80 per cent less energy, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by the same amount, compared to conventionally built houses. That's significant not only to tenants' pocket books, but also in helping meet Canada's national emission targets. Twelve per cent of our greenhouse gas emissions

(https:j/ec.gc.ca/ges-ghg/default.asp?/ang=En&n=EOS33893l&offset=4&toc =show) come from buildings.

A design rendering of six townhomes that will receive their first tenants in the next few weeks. Built for about $169,000 each, they'll rent for under $600 a month. Image courtesy Britco.

Britco boasts (https://britco.com/case-study/bella-bella-passive-house/) that their previous Passive House project, in Bella Bella, B.C., takes as much energy to heat on the coldest day of the year as turning on six 100-watt incandescent light bulbs. For the Yale First Nation, that same performance means significant savings


https://thetyee .ca/News/2017/01 /09/First-Nation-Active-Passive-Housing/?utm_source=facebook&utm_medium =social&utm_content=010917-2&utm_c. . . 3/6

Sedore envisions that the program will host a mentorship program, bringing together housing experts, creating a database of information that First Nations can access free-of­charge. Mentors can visit bands to help them or do it through the phone in areas such as paperwork, funding, environment assessments, surveys and applications to the government. Sedore explains that a band housing program is multi­face te d. She describes part of her job as similar to landlords. She collects rent, does inspections and ensures tenants follow housing policies. Sedore also manages new construction and land-use planning, and is currently overseeing the construction of energy-efficient homes in Ruby Creek and Dogwood Valley, and also renovations with funding from the federal Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC). Sedore said in her 20 years in First Nations communities, she has noticed that bands often do not have the capacity that they need to run their housing program. The first challenge comes down to finding funding for a housing manager. Sedore also emphasized that bands need to have their own housing policies. "Otherwise, everything that goes on in band housing is determined by the Indian Act, and there are a set of housing policies in the Indian Act, but they were written many, many years ago, so they're very obsolete," said Sedore.

In her experience too, she has seen bands compete with each other and refuse to share with each other. "So this is breaking down those silos and saying, 'You know what? Let's work together,'" said Sedore. The program is funded by INAC's On-Reserve Housing Innovation Fund. According to their website, the purpose is to "support First Nation communities for approaches to on­ reserve housing management and governance that are innovative and beneficial to the entire community." This week, Sedore is attending a conference in Vancouver and speaking on this topic. She is also starting to build the database with information from housing managers and leaders. Her short-term goals include developing public awareness, learning from experts and identifying bands struggling with a high turnover in housing managers or have floundering housing programs.


Yale First Nation & Britco team up to create a new generation of energy efficient housing I BC Rural Centre

When pairing Passive House standards with controlled off-site modular construction techniques, the quality of the bu Britco is able to oversee every step of the construction process to ensure quality and attention to detail. This style of doesn't expose materials to inclement weather during the build. "Poor quality and high operating costs are issues that many First Nations are facing," said Yale First Nation Chief Ken H, First Nations in British Columbia overcome these issues with some of the solutions we're working on with Britco." Through their work together, the Yale First Nation and Britco are striving to make quality sustainable housing with lower aper Indigenous communities. In some cases, remote communities are relying on extremely costly diesel generators to heat their , ,uu on the Nations, as well as an environmental one.

The Greener Solution In addition to reducing energy costs, Yale First Nation's new Passive House townhouses will emit 80% less greenhouse gas emissio, ,,, , which aligns well with their beliefs in sustainability and stewardship. "The lowered impact on the environment paired with the drastic savings in energy costs is a solution we hope a lot of communities will tu,,, ,, "We're setting a standard for other First Nations in Canada in moving forward with this type of housing." Although building to Passive House techniques is new to Canada's First Nations communities, Britco's first Passive House project was completL� ,, Vancouver Coastal Health Authority in Bella Bella, British Columbia.

A Lasting Partnership With the support of Yale First Nation, Britco is establishing new benchmarks with this project that will be viewed as an achievement never before seen in a f Nation community. Both Yale First Nation and Britco share a vision of long term sustainability, environmental responsibility, energy efficiency, and economic in an on-reserve housing initiative that will undoubtedly serve as a model for Indigenous communities across the province and nationwide. "There have only been three houses built on Yale First Nation reserves in the past 22 years. The housing need is no secret, and it's one of my priorities," said Chief Hansen. "I am proud of the staff and management at both Britco and at Yale First Nation for their dedication to this project, and the development of a lasting relationship." As one of the most sustainable and eco-friendly residences in an Indigenous community in North America, the Yale First Nation Passive House will provide the Nation the opportunity to share their stories, successes, and mentor and guide other communities through the process.





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Seabird Island First Nation showcases its capacity for partnerships (https://www.bcruralcentre.org/2017/01 /30/seabird-island-first-nation-showcases­ capacity-partnerships/) [ Harrop-Procter Community Forest shines> (https://www.bcruralcentre.org/2017/02/03/harrop-procter-community-forest-shines/) https ://www.bcru ralcentre .org/2017/01 /30/yale-first-nation-britco-team-create-new-generation-energy-efficient-housing/



First Nations housing: thinking outside the box - CBC News I Indigenous

Called a "revolving loan fund," people borrow money towards construction of new houses and what they pay back for the loan goes into a pot that can be loaned to others. "It gives us the ability to have the funds remain here, not with a financial institution, so it gives us control," said Iris Jacobs, manager of Kahnawake's housing department. "We're also providing affordable housing for our members." Jacobs estimates that the fund has helped over 500 community members build new homes, each of which is tailored to what they want and can afford and built to strict codes that she said exceeds provincial standards. For those who can't afford to purchase a new home yet, the community also offers a "rent to equity" program which sees people live in a house with a portion of their monthly rent going into savings which is later matched by Kahnawake and can be put towards a down payment.

No 'one size fits all' approach On the prairies, a group perhaps better known for flash-mob round-dances has also set its sights on the future of First Nations housing - without any help from the federal government. Since 2015, Idle No More organizers have been working on the One House, ManY. Nations camRaign., whose first order of business was crowdfunding a self-sufficient, off-the-grid "tiny house" which was built and delivered to a family in Saskatchewan by Winnipeg-based Mini Homes of Manitoba. • Idle No More sees tinY. house as solution to hug�_r�roblem • Tiny house built by Idle No More on way to Saskatchewan The group is fundraising again, this time to build a prototype for a unique village within the Opaskweyak Cree Nation in northern Manitoba. Designed specifically for that community with the input of its citizens, the village will feature central buildings for things like cooking and eating, connected to private living spaces. "The challenge of this project is that it is simply not possible to solve the housing crisis on Indigenous lands with a single design," reads a description on its fundraising website. "Each community is unique and will need to tailor and/or modify their own designs to meet their unique challenges."



"There's a cloud of mystery surrounding his death," said Grey. "I haven't, after all these years, received a report from any authorities in British Columbia about who may be responsible for his death even though I have made inquiries myself down through the years." British Columbia has certain hotspots where indigenous people get murdered or go missing. In the north, a section of Highway 16, west of Prince George, is called the "Highway of Tears," because of the number of cases that happened there. Peters noted that in the south, people go missing and get murdered in Vancouver's Downtown Eastside. Kalhoose First Nation, based in Cortes Island, Chief James Delorme also attended the event. Delorme attended with Kalhoose elder Mavis Cope. "We've all had women and men in our lives that have gone missing and that's why we come together like this," said Delorme. "We'll travel thousands of kilometres to go to events like this." He also came on behalf of the B.C. Assembly of First Nations, "to show that the organization, the leadership council cares about our aboriginal citizens in B.C." Organizers wanted to host the event on Feb. 14, on the same day the Vancouver march happened. They decided to postpone it a month later because of bad weather. "It's our first event in Hope that we organized," said Peters. "I think it's wonderful. I did not expect that many people."

HATS representative Kathy Abraham pointed out that the first Vancouver MMIWG march only saw a few people in attendance, and the crowd at that Monday's event were larger than that, despite it being the first event.

Lunch buffet was provided by YFN to all who joined us for the March today.

Memorial Park hosted the first event of the year, the Murdered and Missing Indigenous Women and Girls Memorial March, on Monday. Yale First Nation, Hope and Area Transition Society (HATS), Trails Crossing Friendship Centre and Indian Residential School Survivors Society put together the event that saw First Nations leaders speak to about 100 people at the bandstand before marching to the Hope and District Recreation Centre. Event organizer Margaret Peters said that this event came about because many people could not attend the one in Vancouver. "There's some family members that are affected by the murdered and missing here in the valley as well," said Peters. "With the (national inquiry into MMIWG), we wanted to bring more awareness and more attention to the cause and how it affects the families of the missing and murdered." Organizers decided that they wanted to include missing and murdered men and boys into the march too. "You don't hear about it very much, but it has been happening about it for a while," said Peters. Read the full story in the March 23 edition of The Standard.

Giroux was among the 12 tenants who moved into the six­plex, two-bedroom, twostorey passive houses on March 31 and April 1. Passive houses denote a building standard which ensures a high level of energy efficiency such as by ensuring airtightness, alignment with the sun, recycling heated air from stove and dryer vents. Giroux used to live in Agassiz, in an older house, and he could tell the difference between his two residences. "It was quite cold all the time," said Giroux. "And right now, we've been in there this week and we only had the heat on the first day when we moved in because it was so cold at night." If predictions are right, Giroux can expect a hydro bill costing less than $20. Yale First Nation Chief Ken Hansen highlighted that high hydro bills contributed to the decision to building passive houses instead of conventional stick-built construction. However, the decision to build houses, passive or otherwise, came down to issues identified in their community comprehensive plan, which included housing and "coming back home" as priorities. Housing and repatriation are intertwined. Some members live in neighbouring communities, in other provinces or Vancouver's Downtown Eastside because they never had the opportunity to return to their lands.

Participants of Yale and Chawathil First Nations' celebration of National Aboriginal Day pose for a photo this afternoon at the Yale First Nation band office. (X. Y. Zeng photo)

PHOTOS: Hope celebrates Xwelmexw Swayel Yale First Nation and Chawathil First Nation celebrate National Aboriginal Day. XY ZENG/ Jun. 21, 2017 3:45 p.m. I COMMUNITY

Yale and Chawathil First Nations celebrate National Aboriginal Day (Xwelmexw Swayel) on June 21 at the Yale First Nation band office. Hope residents of aboriginal and


making it possible for more families to return to work after maternity leave. Additionally, Swetexel offers two preschool sessions for three and four-year-olds respectively. And the centre has opted into the Child Fee Reduction Initiative, which contributes up to $350 a month per child. Families do not need to apply for the fee reduction. Read Right Society is excited to bring the service to families. "We have fantastic staff who are passionate about children and this new venture, including Sandi Swecera, our manager who is known around town as 'Miss Sandi,"' said McBride. Swecera has more than 15 years' experience in the early years field and believes in creating safe environments for children to learn and develop. Swecera is a 2009 Childcare Award of Excellence recipient, and creator of a Music and Movement program. "The beautiful thing about living in a small community is I get to see the children as they grow up. In the grocery store, at the bank. Teenagers run up to me and say 'Hi Miss Sandi!'. I'm honored to be a part of their lives," said Swecera. A grand opening was held earlier this month. The centre is located at 949 3rd Ave., Building 2. For more information or to register your children, call 1-236442-2002 or 1-604-206-9553.

The units' modularity is what make them affordable. "It takes much less time to build them than ranch-style detached housing," said Sedore. "It took three months to build the six-plex. It would have taken a year to build six single­ detached houses." PH is a home designed to be so energy-efficient that it can stay warm at 17 degrees C with residents' body heat, energy from the sun and turning on the lights. PH uses strict construction standards and material specifications to minimize heat seepage. That means thicker insulation than standard building codes require, triple-glazed insulated windows that face the sun, and a heat-recovery ventilation system (HRV ) to ensure fresh air cycles through the house while maintaining internal temperatures. Because PH has many requirements and details, it lends itself to the factory assembly of modular housing, says Britco's Craig Mitchell. "Building modular housing is similar to building cars on an assembly line," said Mitchell. "Unlike a building site, a factory is a clean, dry, climate-controlled environment that's out of the rain and the elements." Once a modular unit has been delivered, it takes little time to erect. "It takes 30 per cent to 40 per cent less time than a structure built on-site," said Mitchell. "On the Bella Bella project, from the time they delivered by barge until turn-over to the owner, it took 45 days to put up the units."

Corruption no longer dogs Yale First Nation A return to traditional governance helps to turn the tide TIM COLLINS/ Dec. 15, 2017 12:00 p.m. I COMMUNITY/ LOCAL NEWS/ NEWS

Yale First Nation is made up of a string of 16 distinct reserves that range from a settlement at Ruby Creek in the south to Sawmill Creek in the north. The land tracts associated with those reserves are tiny, only about 1 .9 per cent of the traditional territory set out in the claim of the people who make up Yale First Nation, as opposed to the five per cent average established in other First Nations agreements. "These are actually just small fishing rock stations," said Ken Hansen, the Chief of the Yale First Nation. "You can't put a house on them and you can't expect real economic development on the land we've been allotted. These reserves never recognized our way of life and culture. "We were a fishing, hunting and gathering society and never lived on a square piece of land with a line drawn around it." It's one of the many reasons that, in 2016, the Yale First Nation suspended their agreement with the federal government in a move that lent a major blow to the embattled treaty process with the federal and B.C. governments. In a four-page letter to the recently installed B.C. Attorney General, David Eby, and the minister of B.C. Indigenous RAl�tirms ;:ind R econciliation, Scott Fraser, Hansen detailed

his First Nations concerns - and they are many. But while renewed negotiations on the treaty are underway, a truly revolutionary change is happening for the Yale First Nation. "It's a re-invigoration of our people, an end to the corruption and the way things were run before. We have band meetings now where people actually participate and tell us what they think, without fear of repercussions. They don't just get told what we're going to do. They have a voice in those decisions. That's our traditional way," Hansen said. He blames much of the corruption seen on reserves on the imposition of a leadership model that was never a part of First Nations culture. "The whole concept of band office chief and council didn't exist in a lot of cultures. If we could still govern ourselves along traditional lines we wouldn't have corruption. "Now the federal and provincial laws protect the corrupt chiefs and councils ...all they have to do is send in a report to Indian and Northern Affairs can and say, 'Yeah, we did this or that' and the money just keeps flowing. But it flows to the leadership, not the membership." As one example of corruption, Hansen said the Yale First Nation was forced to move their offices to Hope because, despite the fact the previous band office had been built with band funds and is listed with the government as a band asset, it was built on the land owned by the former chief and his brothers.

"It was a band asset, but they charged an obscene amount of rent for its use, and would just walk in the front door and intimidate the staff," Hansen said. He added that the move to Hope had another goal - to improve relationships within the non-Indigenous community. "We have barbecues and invite people in for tea and coffee and we get to know each other. It's the only way we can ever move forward," Hansen said. "We have to stop pointing the finger at what has happened in the past, and start making new relationships to find a common ground to move forward into the future." In other initiatives, the Yale First Nation has put a food bank program in place and has emphasized new housing on Yale land to bring people back to the reserves and strengthen the communities. Hansen has also begun to take action against known sexual predators who have, in the past, been allowed to live on the reserve, often driving young women and their children from the reserve for their own safety. "How could I feel like the chief while there are predators living on the reserve and our vulnerable young women are too afraid to come back to the community? That isn't going to go on, on my watch." Although Hansen is up for re-election next year, he insists he will not be campaigning, but rather will allow what he's done stand on its own.

"lf we start young with our youth here, native and non- native, and they learn to respect and acknowledge similarities in each other's cultures and faiths, during the school years when it's the hardest times developing as a youth they'll be able to relate to people rather than point a finger," Hansen said. "I think that will help to eliminate racism in our community, if we can start the next generation off understanding each other and not putting each other down." The three founders of the project - Jodi McBride of the Read Right Society, Ken Hansen of Yale First Nation and Jeff Kuhn of the Grace Baptist Church - are demonstrating this by committing to the 10-year project as equal partners. "It wasn't the church trying to come in and lead something, it was us walking together," Kuhn said, adding the relationship will be bumpy at times but there is a solid commitment to work through differences. "In our church there's this concern to help all people in our community, not just First Nations but everybody outside of here, but there's a lot of things we just don't understand about First Nation culture, and when you don't understand there's some fear, there's some false conclusions," Kuhn said, adding this new project will help build understanding. Hansen noted there are strong beliefs in Christianity within his community and it is important to be clear about the acceptance of all, regardless of which God they choose to pray to.

To date such an ambitious reach across communities and faith groups hasn't been undertaken in Hope, the partners say. Reconciliation and building bridges between cultures and faiths is one goal of the joint project. The young children will be exposed to an indigenous curriculum in the daycare and preschool, supported by Yale First Nation. What exactly this looks like is still being determined, Hansen said. Part of the project is a common room, where all three partners can run programs. These could include parenting, language and life skills courses. McBride said this space will be a way to address the needs of families as a whole. "It's an opportunity for our mothers and fathers out there to collaborate and learn together," Hansen said. The need is great, McBride said, as only one licenced daycare is operating in Hope. "There are families who take their kids to Seabird, there's a preschool there, because they can't get in in Hope. Other families have moved away from the community because they couldn't find childcare. So it's a significant need," she said. Swetexl will also be the only daycare in the area to accept children as young as 12 months, allowing parents to go back to work right after maternity leave. Hansen added there are a number of Yale First Nation members, young single parents, wanting to move home and need a space for their children.

Drone footage by filmographer Joshua Lemmons, such as this shot of the Stullawheets reservation in the Dogwood Valley, will be featured in a film documenting Yale First Nation elders' stories and memories. The film and the book, which also includes traditional recipes, have been in the works for two years. Joshua Lemmons photo

Yale First Nation project preserves elders' memories and recipes Community members are encouraged to share their traditional food recipes by Feb. 28 EMELIE PEACOCK/ Feb. 21, 2018 7:30 a.m. I COMMUNITY

Yal e First Nation is documenting the collective memory of elders and they are doing it through food. "It's something everybody enjoys in the community. Everyone loves coming out to community gatherings, eating good food," said Talon Coghill, Yale First Nation housing intern. Yal e First Nation elders and community members are encouraged to submit their recipes to the band office before Feb. 28 to be entered into a recipe contest. Recipes need to include at least one traditional ingredient, such as fish, wild berries or stinging nettles.

The contest, which promises prizes of cash and cooking supplies, is one part of a larger community memory project. For the past two years, the project has been recording the stories of Yale First Nation elders, which will eventually be shared in a film and book. Working with filmographer Joshua Lemmons, Coghill has been getting elders on camera, many for the first time. "They've never really done anything like this, going in front of a camera. So we tried to tell them this what it's about. It's about passing on and sharing the information we have/' he said. "Once they saw that, they were really excited about it. They had a lot to share." The project is documenting the personal stories of elders' lives, their views of their community and their vision for the nation moving forward. Coghill said his own family members shared personal stories he had never heard before, of how they overcame struggles and how they see their community. "That was really deep and moving for me, to experience that, and for them to want to share that," he said. The memory project is for the Yale First Nation primarily, but Coghill said historians, teachers and others who enjoy learning about local history will likely be interested. Money for the project comes from a federal government program, New Horizons for Seniors.

These beautiful photos of Christine Stevenson appear in the Book, "Yale First Nation Memories"

T he Yale First Nation housing team are housing intern Talon Coghill, left, housing manager Crystal Sedore and housing intern Austin Heino. Sedore says Yale First Nation has made progress on the housing front and is now in a position to share their knowledge with other First Nations through a mentorship program. Emelie Peacock photo

Yale-led housing mentorship program, one year on Program connects B.C. First Nations to resources, each other EMELIE PEACOCK / Mar. 1, 2018 1 :30 a.m. / LOCAL NEWS / NEWS

Just over a year ago, Crystal Sedore was hearing from First Nations housing managers from across B.C. who were finding it very difficult to manage on-reserve housing. With strides made in housing in Yale First Nation communities - 10 energy efficient modular housing buildings built since 2014 - Sedore turned her attention to sharing her knowledge with others. The result, the BC First Nation Housing Mentorship Program, has been active for a year and has recently been given money by the Department of Indigenous Services to keep operating for another year.

In the winter of 2016, Sedore, who had been working with Yale First Nation since 2014, sent a survey out to housing managers from other B.C. First Nations. What she heard back was housing managers were having trouble with basic tasks anything from what to do if members don't pay rent to how to set up a filing system -and how to find money to fund their work. "First of all there is no funding from the government for a housing position," Sedore said, adding the federal government is working on this. Not only is there not enough money to hire an expert, often bands will insist on employees hired from within the community. T he result, according to Sedore, "bands are hiring people who don't have the skill set that they need to successfully manage a housing portfolio, it's a complex set of requirements to be able to apply for funding and do big project management." While Sedore wants to make clear the money from the federal government for on-reserve housing is not nearly enough for the need that exists. However, there is some money available if housing managers know where to look and how to apply for it. To fill the need, Sedore launched the BC First Nation Housing Mentorship Program website at the beginning of 2017.

So far the most popular part of the website is tools and templates. Sedore said there have been hundreds of downloads from the site which has anything from sample housing policies to inspection reports and eviction notices. Some of these resources exist on the internet, but this is the first time it all has been brought together in one place. "It's just incredible, the results that we're getting," Sedore said. "All over North America, we have housing managers and individuals checking in to our website. We even have three hits from Australia." People visiting the website are mostly young, 61 per cent of site visitors are between the ages of 18 and 34, with a fairly even split between males and females. Sedore said they have also held webinars on topics such as mildew and mould, housing needs assessments and environmental hazards in the home such as radon, asbestos and lead. The program has an on-the-ground presence, with seven housing mentors. Crystal Hatzidimitriou, housing coordinator at Spuzzum First Nation, is one of the mentors. "From my standpoint, being newer to the housing community, I've only been here for just under three years, it makes a difference," she said. Having a network to turn to with questions is very helpful in a job which up until recently had no official education to prepare for it.

"Housing managers aren't certified, there's no standards of what you need to do to be in this job. And every job is different, it depends on which community you're with and what your job description comes down to, so there's no rules to follow in terms of this is what you do everyday. You really need to work with your community on that," Hatzidimitriou said. Vancouver Island University now offers an online certificate program for First Nations housing managers. Sedore said she also gets a lot of interest from First Nations communities about how to build energy-efficient housing. "We are the first community to ever build passive house on­reserve in Canada," Sedore said. Passive house is a building standard that can reduce the amount of energy used to heat and cool homes by up to 90 percent, according to Passive House Canada. Two duplexes at the Stullawheets reserve in the Dogwood Valley are in the works. These will also be passive housing, built together with a Fraser Valley modular housing company. "The reason why I want to build a duplex is because we have several extended families, it's very much a part of First Nations culture, for families to live together, multi­generational units," she said. A sample of the resources offered on the BC First Nations Housing Mentorship website. A Knowledge sharing program hosted by Yale First Nation

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Letter: Chief Ken Hansen extends a hand to elected officials in Hope EMELIE PEACOCK/Oct. 11, 201811:30 a.m. /LETTERS/OPINION

Editor, Please allow me to share some thoughts with you regarding the upcoming district council election. First, I want to acknowledge all candidates who have put their name forward for positions; I know firsthand the criticism that follows and have nothing but respect for you. To put yourself out in public for judgment and scrutiny is courageous and often changes your life. I wish you all the best and look forward to working with you soon. I would also like to offer Mayor, council, and district office staff an opportunity to sit with me and learn about a part of our past. I am willing to fund cultural sensitivity training if you

will participate. I believe we can begin reconciliation with education and awareness and move all our pressing issues forward in a safe way. I also want to take the opportunity to introduce and wish best of luck to Steven Patterson in the upcoming District of Hope council election. Steven has been an instrumental part of change seen within Yale First Nation. Steven works for Yale First Nation in our natural resource and economic development departments, and our business and personal relationship has grown to a level of trust where Steven has full authority to speak on my behalf in all levels of government. I have full confidence he would be a great addition to the District of Hope. As most of you are aware, the town of Hope sits on an ancient village belonging to Chawathil First Nation. I believe it's time we start acknowledging this and work together to honor and preserve the history this town boasts of. I have many ideas for this and looking forward to sharing them. I also want to thank Yale First Nation membership for their confidence and support in my reelection on Sept. 7, 2018 for a five year term. Additionally, I want to acknowledge councilman Pedro Moreno for his re-election, and newly elected councilman Dominic Hope, also for five year terms. We have an amazing group of people in Yale First Nation's office who work every day to uphold a high level of service to our members and I thank them for their dedication, as often in any community, the day doesn't end at five p.m. Good luck to all candidates and looking forward to working with you. Ken Hansen, Chief

Christmas feast a first between local First Nations and town of Yale EMELIE PEACOCK/ Dec. 22, 2018 7:30 a.m. I COMMUNITY/ LOCAL NEWS

Coming together over a shared meal is an age old concept, one which the communities of Yale, Yale First Nation and Spuzzum First Nation adopted Dec. 15. "What we have here today, from my knowledge, is the first meeting of Yale First Nation, Spuzzum First Nation and Yale," said Ken Hansen, chief of Yale First Nation, adding the event benefitted from funding his nation received from the Ministry of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation. "I've proposed a series of meetings and events to promote reconciliation between First Nations and also the town of Yale. We've used some of that funding today to have a good time and have a good meal together and looking forward to the next series of meetings."

"When Chief Ken Hansen brought this forward to me, I was excited. It's a first step towards collaboration and reconciliation," said James Hobart, Chief of Spuzzum First Nation. "I raise my hands up to Ken for even thinking about it because sometimes funding is hard to get and when he got the funding the first idea he had was to include the other nations... he had such an open mind and open heart to bring us in." The Yale community centre was a full house and community members were serenaded by local band Spitfire as they dined.

Rainbow crosswalk makes stunning background at Yale First Nation Mom says finding the painted rainbow was a special moment for her daughter JESSICA PETERS / Mar. 9, 2020 11 :14 a.m. / COMMUNITY

One of the first places to show equality through the image of a rainbow in Hope, was at Yale First Nation. Their painted sidewalk attracts all sorts of photo opportunties to the public, and is meant as a message of inclusion. It was a special find for mother and daughter, Kya Patterson and Kat Stirling, who sent it along to the Hope Standard. "It was a special moment for my girl," Stirling says. "It's so nice to see displays of equality i n Hope." If you capture an image around Hope that you'd like to share with The Standard, email news@hopestandard.com with a description of the photo, photographer's name and other pertinent details.



The dispensary is a collaboration between Yale and Indigenous Bloom, an established cannabis production and retail company with stores across B.C. It will be housed at Lukseetsissum Indian Reserve (IR) 9, on Yale First Nation land along Highway 7, and will employ around eight staff. Chief Ken Hansen said the business venture is a step forward for the first nation in terms of self-sufficiency, as a profit-making venture where funds can be rolled back into the community. It's also a part of the nation taking jurisdiction back over its lands. "Yale First Nation has always used traditional medicines and I think this is one step forward in Yale taking its jurisdiction back," Hansen said. The first nation has written and passed a cannabis law governing this activity on its lands. Indigenous Bloom was a good choice to have as a partner Hansen said, with its strict regulations and experience in the industry. "With our partnership with Indigenous Bloom, we know exactly what we're getting, we know where it came from, we know the strains, we know the potency. And it comes with the backing of (their) years of experience," Hansen said. Indigenous Bloom's senior vice-president of business development Geoff Greenwell said that all the products sold in their stores meet and often exceed federal and provincial guidelines, and products are tested in a third-party laboratory before they are sold. Yale and Indigenous Bloom are engaged in a 50-50 partnership, which is how all partnerships with the company work said Greenwell. He added that the business operates much like a franchise would. Indigenous Bloom will have 10 stores in B.C. by this summer, Greenwell said, all are onreserve and are partnerships with First Nations or First Nations individuals. Hiring First Nations people is also an important part of their business model Greenwell added, and the Yale store will have a high percentage of employees who are Yale First Nation members. There will be around eight staff, including a manager who is now in training, as well as shift supervisors.

"Now we have an opportunity where people can literally walk from their home to work. So, for us, that's a big win. We're in the business of community building," he added. Building community on Yale lands, Patterson said, requires providing the jobs, the housing and the other needs so people can make the choice to live back home. Other than a store like this there aren't many businesses which would work out along Highway 7, said Patterson, which presents a challenge for economic development. "It's a very challenging thing when all of your lands are about a 10 minute drive outside of Hope," he said. Dispensary first in Hope area

For residents of Hope, the Fraser Canyon and down-valley in Agassiz and Harrison Hot Springs, this would be the closest retail outlet for cannabis products. The other option for retail cannabis exists in Chilliwack, three of which are also on First Nations land. Despite the legalization of marijuana across Canada in 2018 and a local survey showing majority support for the sale of recreational cannabis within Hope, the district has yet to move forward on allowing such an establishment. Hope's zoning bylaw prohibits the sale of cannabis and cannabis-linked by-products such as edibles, and 'cannabis-linked paraphernalia.'

While the venture remains a retail store for the time being, Patterson said it may one day involve cultivating the product on their land. Indigenous Bloom already cultivates all of its own product on reserve lands north of the Kelowna airport, and there was some interest initially by a Yale member to begin cultivation. The business will be housed in a modular building, which Patterson said is energy efficient and safe with a 24-hour security system installed. The environmental site work and site plans have also been done, he added. Greenwell said they would have liked to have had the Yale store open by now, however work on a bridge on the Coquihalla Highway has so far prevented the modular building from passing through the area. When work finishes, expected at the end of June, the store will be delivered to the site on Highway 7. After that, it will take around two weeks to get everything set up Greenwell said. "Mid­ July is probably realistic for our opening," he said. Lukseetsissum IR 9 may see more development one day, Patterson said, if the cannabis retail operation works. The location could one day house a service station as well. "This is kind of a pilot. If it's really successful we may actually roll it out into a bigger project. .. maybe even a fueling opportunity," he said. Editor's note: A previous version of this story incorrectly stated the number of cannabis retail outlets on First Nations land in Chilliwack. There are three such retail stores on First Nations land in that community.

Yale's plans for the building include a dedicated health wing including nursing and exam rooms, a doctors office as well as spaces for a traditional healer and a community gathering space. Other medical-related services will be positioned in a commercial wing of the building, including a dentist and pharmacy. The idea, from the nation's health department, was to have a "one-stop shop" for health as there is a need for these services among members and other residents from Boston Bar to Hope. Elsie Kipp, the nation's administrator, said the hope is to be open to non-members as well. "Right now a lot of people suffer from very high anxiety, for lots of different reasons, and it's not being recognized so much in the actual institutions," Hansen said of both Indigenous and non-Indigenous people. "A lot of people have underlying trauma that needs to be addressed and respected and I feel that in house, we can take care of that a lot better than trying to teach somebody about it. We lived it, we learned it and we can take care of it ourselves." Read more: Yale First Nation to open Indigenous Bloom dispensary A circular staircase will lead up to an area with administrative offices, allowing Yale to move their office from Hope out onto Yale land. Long said the space the first nation now uses on Hudson Bay Street became to small for the nation, with over a dozen people working out of the current office and working on a range of housing, educational, health, finance and other programs. This resulted in staff sometimes having to share space or renting additional space for meetings. It was this need for more space, as the nation expanded its programming, that was a major push behind the new building. As well, Hansen said, the nation has never had its own band office that belonged to the people, with the former band office located on the private property of a former chief before the office was moved into Hope.

Read more: Corruption no longer dogs Yale First Nation A space to learn, explore and practice culture, determined by the community A hall of ancestral teaching and learning is part of the design, envisioned as a wide open space Long said. The building will also house a standard size gym, and a fitness room. How exactly people will use the space is up to them, Hansen said. He is adamant that the ide,a for the building itself, as well as how it will be used, comes from Yale First Nation members. "What our citizens choose to do in these spaces is their choice," Hansen said. "What we're doing is creating the opportunity for something if they choose to do it. ..creating space for people to grow and learn and explore, that's my job." There is also potential for growth and expansion at Stullawheets Hansen said, "but it has to be done with the people." "We kind of focused our direction now on building our community as people and seeing where they want to go," he said. "That's the reason for our social work being ramped up. I don't want to just put things down on the ground if they don't want them. And that's easy to do." The conception of this project came from community meetings, where members gathered. There are 60 Yale First Nation members living on Yale lands, as well as an a dditiona l 100 or so community members who are not Yale members, a nd 120 members living away. What resulted were comprehensive community plans, and the desire for a house, a home of their own. "It became very clear that they wanted a place where they could have the opportunity to learn, to grow, with their language and

their culture," Hansen said. There are members who speak Halq'emeylem and others who speak Nlaka'pamux (Nlaka'pamuxtsn), as the first nation straddles both the St6:lo and Nlaka'pamux territories. The nation's history is interpreted in a variety of ways by different citizens, Hansen said, and not everyone agrees on the historical roots of the Yale First Nations people.

People needed a 'neutral space' Hansen said, "where they can feel free and safe to learn." "There was a negative vibe in the past about what is our culture? Who are we? We were always told who we are by, by leadership. Yet we have people from all walks of life living within our community and they're asking who they are and they're being told who they are," he said. "I think if you want to know who you are you need to have the opportunity and space created to find out and learn and listen and understand who you are. It may be a blend of two or three different cultures." Construction to be completed by fall 2022 The project is in the design phase, Long said, and designs should be completed by this fall. Construction will be ongoing over the next few years, she added, with a proposed completion date in the fall of 2022. "The building will showcase locally sourced BC wood and will exceed the national energy code for buildings," a news release stated. Securing funding for such a large project is still ongoing - in early July $2.9 million in federal Invest in Canada Infrastructure program funding was announced for the build. The project also has $2.5 million in funding from the First Nations Health Authority, to go towards building the health wing. Another half-million in Indigenous Services Canada funding is also a possibility, to fund the administration area.

Hansen said the long-standing relationships with different government ministries, contractors, consultants and Indigenous Service Canada as well as the "long-standing financial credibility" of the nation made funding over half the project possible. For the rest of the funding , Hansen the nation has a range of own-source revenue projects they can capitalize on, including a thermolysis biochar project, forestry operations, a coming cannabis retail business and joint ventures on the Trans Mountain pipeline project. Leasing or renting the nation's building in Hope is also a possibility. And all of this gives the nation credibility and reputation should they approach the banks Hansen said. Part of the plans for the building involve the construction of a better way of accessing the community from Hig hway 1, which is currently a quick turn from the highway onto a side road. The plan is to put in a new highway intersection to the building and the community.


Hope's Mayor Peter Robb stated that the transit stop was a welcome addition to the regional transport system. "Our goal is to connect our regional and First Nations communities together," he stated. The area where the bus loop is constructed is also slated to house a new business for Yale First Nation, an Indigenous Bloom cannabis dispensary. The transit stop will allow the approximately eight staff of the new venture, as well as customers from surrounding communities, to access the area. Read more: Yale First Nation to open Indigenous Bloom dispensary For a complete bus schedule, see bctransit.com and search for Route 22 Hope.

Profile for Crystal Sedore

Yale First Nation- media scrapbook  

Media scrapbook, 2015-2020

Yale First Nation- media scrapbook  

Media scrapbook, 2015-2020


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