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THE TABLE OF CONTENTS A Jonestown Massacre A ‘Reason to Die’


The Piece of Paper That Fooled Hitler


7 Clearly Fake News Stories That Fooled The Mainstream Media


Searching For Truth, Under Cover of Lies


Borat Movie Review


Daily Mail Fooled By Fake Steve Jobs Tweet On iPhone 4 Recall


China’s Apple Store Fools Everyone, Even Staff


Why Were We Fooled By The Fake Syria Blog?


McDonald’s Saya Offensive Twitter Picture A ‘Hoax’


Satyam Employees Fooled To Work On Fake Projects


Fox Fooled By “Muslim Ban On Padded Bras” Hoax


B Soren Kierkegaard Quote


Benjamin Franklin Quote


Chris Bell Quote


Abraham Lincoln Quote


Kenneth Lay Quote


C The Great Gatsby




The Call of the Weird


The Deceived


Taken For A Ride


Who’s The Fool


Hamlet Summary




Author’s Notes

The definition for the word ride can be found in the dictionary. Ride [rahyd] 1. To sit on and manage a horse or other animal in motion; be carried on the back of an animal. 2. To be borne along on or in a vehicle or other kind of conveyance. 3. To move or float on the water: the surfboarders riding on the crests of the waves. 4. To move along in any way; be carried or supported. 5. To have a specified character for riding purposes.   These definitions are widely known, however, what about the idiom “to be taken for a ride?” This idiom means to be deceived by someone or something. This book becomes a visual representation of this idiom, but with a twist. Readers may be decieved at first, but as they cycle trough the pages they will be confronted by the lies in the various sources of information that are found in this book. Thank you for reading and I hope you enjoy this book.





“There are two

ways to be fooled. One is to believe what is not true; the other is to refuse to believe what is true.

– Soren Kierkegaard


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  The first reports out of Guyana on November 18, 1978 were that Congressman Leo J. Ryan and four other members of his party were shot and killed as they attempted to board a plane at Port Kaituma airstrip. Within hours, came the shocking announcement that 408 American citizens had committed suicide at a communal village they had built in the jungle in Northwest Guyana. The community had come to be known as “Jonestown.” The dead were all members of a group known as “The People’s Temple” which was led by the Reverend Jim Jones. It would soon be learned that 913 of the 1100 people believed to have been at “Jonestown” at the time had died in a mass suicide.   According to the official report submitted to the U.S. House of Representatives on May 15, 1979, the chain of events leading to Leo Ryan’s death in Guyana began a year earlier, after he read an article in the San Francisco Examiner on 13 November 1977. The article entitled “Scared Too Long” related the death of Sam Houston’s son, Bob, in October 1976. Houston had decided to speak out about his son’s death because he believed that the reason Bob had died, beneath the wheels of a train, was because he had announced his decision to leave the People’s Temple the day before. Houston was also concerned that his two granddaughters, sent to New York for a vacation, had ended up in “Jonestown,” Guyana and never returned.   Over the ensuing six to eight months, Ryan would hear more about the People’s Temple through newspaper articles and from direct requests for assistance from concerned families whose relatives had disappeared into the Guyana jungle to join the “Jonestown” community. There were claims of social security irregularities, human rights violations and that people were being held against their will at “Jonestown.” In June 1978, Ryan read excerpts from the sworn affidavit of Debbie Blakey, a defector from “Jonestown,”

which included claims that the community at “Jonestown” had, on a number of occasions, rehearsed for a mass suicide. After meeting with a number of concerned relatives, Ryan’s interest in the People’s Temple became widely known and the reports about the group, both favourable and unfavourable, began to pour in. He hired an attorney to interview former People’s Temple members and the relatives of members to determine whether there had been any violations of Federal and California state laws by the group.   In September 1978, Ryan met with Viron P. Vaky and other State Department officials to discuss the possibility of Ryan making a trip to “Jonestown” in Guyana. This request was made official on 4 October. Permission was granted and the trip was planned for the week of November 12-18. Ryan’s intention to visit “Jonestown” soon became widely known and the numbers wishing to accompany him had grown substantially. By the time of his departure there were nine extra media people and 18 representatives from a delegation of Concerned Relatives who would go with him, at their own expense. The official party, or Codel, consisted of Ryan, James Schollaert and Jackie Speier, Ryan’s personal assistant.   In the days of preparation for the trip to “Jonestown,” Ryan contacted Jim Jones by telegraph to inform him of his intention to visit the settlement. Through the U.S. Embassy in Guyana, Ryan learned that agreement for the visit was conditional. Ryan would have to ensure that the Codel was not biased, there would be no media coverage of the visit and Mark Lane, the People’s Temple legal counsel, would have to be present. On 6 November, Lane wrote to Ryan and informed him that he would not be able to attend at the time they wanted, and claimed that the Codel was nothing more than a “witchhunt” against the People’s Temple. Ryan responded with a declaration of his intentions to visit the settlement anyway and that


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“Houston had decided to speak out about his son’s death because he believed that the reason Bob had died, beneath the wheels of a train, was because he had announced his decision to leave the People’s Temple the day before.”

he would be leaving on 14 November.Problems began for the group as soon as they arrived in Guyana at midnight. Ron Javers from the San Francisco Chronicle was detained overnight at the airport, as he did not have an entry visa. The group of Concerned Relatives, despite having confirmed reservations, had to spend the night in the lobby of the Pegasus Hotel in Georgetown, because there were no rooms available for them. Over the next two and a half days, Ryan met with Embassy personnel and organised a meeting with Ambassador Burke and the Concerned Relatives. He and the family members attempted to speak with a representative of the People’s Temple at their headquarters in Georgetown, but could not gain entry. In addition, Ryan was unable to negotiate successfully with Lane or Garry, another legal representative of the People’s Temple, resulting in the postponement of the scheduled flight to the mission until Friday 17 No­vember.   The negotiations still had made no headway on Friday morning, so Ryan informed Lane and Garry that he and his party would be leaving for “Jonestown” at 2:30 pm. There were two seats on the plane if Lane and Garry wished to leave with them. The plane left as scheduled at 2:30 pm that day. On board were Ryan, Speier, Deputy Chief of Mission, Richard Dwyer, Lane and Garry, all nine media representatives, four representatives of the Concerned Relatives group, and Neville Annibourne, a representative of the Guyanese Government. At the Port Kaituma airstrip, Corporal Rudder, the Guyanese Regional Officer of the Northwest district, met the plane. His instructions from “Jonestown” were that only Lane and Garry were to be allowed to leave the plane. Negotiations as to who would be allowed entry into “Jonestown” then ensued between Ryan and “Jonestown” representatives who were at the airport. Eventually it was agreed that all but one media representative could go. Gordon

Lindsay, consulting for NBC on the story, was denied entry because of an article he had written in the past that had criticised the People’s Temple.   Upon their arrival at “Jonestown,” the delegation was served dinner and entertained by a musical presentation by People’s Temple members. As the evening progressed, reporters interviewed Jim Jones while Ryan and Speier talked to People’s Temple members whose names had been provided by relatives in the U.S. During the course of the evening, a “Jonestown” member passed a note to NBC reporter Don Harris indicating that he and his family wished to leave. Another member made a similar verbal request to Dwyer. Both requests were reported to Ryan.   At 11:00 pm, the media and family representatives were returned to Port Kaituma as Jim Jones refused to allow them to spend the night on the compound. Ryan, Speier, Dwyer, Annibourne, Lane and Garry were the only ones who spent the night of Friday, 17 November at “Jonestown.”Back at Port Kaituma, local Guyanese, including one police official who told stories of alleged beatings at “Jonestown”, approached media representatives. They complained that Guyanese officials were denied entry to the compound and had no authority there. They also described a “torture hole” in the compound. The media and relatives were not returned to “Jonestown” until 11:00 am the next day, several hours later than planned. Ryan had continued interviewing members since early in the morning, during which time more individuals told of their desire to leave.   By 3:00 pm there were a total of 15 People’s Temple members climbing into the trucks with the delegation to drive to Port Kaituma airport. Ryan had intended to stay but was attacked by a People’s Temple member, Don Sly, with a knife. Kaituma. More soldiers arrived within the hour.

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“It is a natural phenomenon that people will tend to prolong a previously made commitment, even when painful, rather than admit that they had been mistaken.”

A TIME TO DIE As Ryan’s delegation was preparing to board their aircraft, Jim Jones called the “Jonestown” community together. He explained to them, as if it were a premonition rather than foreknowledge, that someone on the plane was going to kill Ryan.  The consequences of this action would be that those political forces that had been trying to destroy the People’s Temple for years would attack the people at “Jonestown”. The “enemy” would descend upon them and kill them mercilessly. This was not a new threat to the community at “Jonestown,” they had lived in fear of an unnamed enemy and destroyer for many years, nor was Jones’s solution new to them. He had been preparing them for what he termed “revolutionary suicide” for some time. They had even had a number of practice runs to prepare themfor just such an event. A tape-recording of the mass-suicide reveals that there was little dissent about the decision to die.   One or two women who felt that the children should be able to live protested, but they were soon reassured by reminders of the alternative undignified death at the hand of the enemy and the shouted support of the group. The poison-laced drink was brought to the hall and dispensed. The babies and small children, over two hundred of them, were first, with the poison poured into their mouths with syringes. As parents watched their children die, they too swallowed the fatal potion.   The moments before the final decision to die brought resistance from a few, but armed guards who surrounded the room shot many of them. Of the estimated 1100 people believed to have been present at “Jonestown” at the time, 913 died, including Jim Jones; the rest somehow escaped into the jungle. It is not certain whether Jones shot himself or was shot by an unknown person. The most puzzling question, which has arisen out of the tragedy at “Jonestown”, is how

one man could achieve such control over a large group of people to the point that they would willingly die at his command.   It would be easy to assume that “Jonestown” was a unique situation that could only have occurred because of Jim Jones’s dynamic and charismatic personality, combined with the weakness and vulnerability of his victims. Such an analysis may bring some peace that such a thing could never happen again, but it falls a long way short of providing true understanding of the situation, thereby leaving us all vulnerable to the danger of further tragedies such as “Jonestown” occurring.   To properly understand “Jonestown,” it is necessary to explore the social and psychological processes that were employed which ensured that such extremes of social conformity and obedience were achieved. They are processes that are common in all social groups, but in instances such as the People’s Temple, they were used to the extreme, with corresponding extreme results. Members of the People’s Temple had been trained for many years in readiness for the mass suicide that had finally occurred in November 1978. Jim Jones had shared with his followers his paranoid belief that the American government was plotting to destroy anyone who was involved in the People’s Temple.   Jones’s followers were accustomed to looking to Jones for salvation. Over the years, Jones had introduced many outside “threats” to the safety of his followers but he had always removed the danger for them. Time and time again he had rescued them, they had learned to trust this man known to them as “father.” Jones and his followers had moved to “Jonestown” with the vision to create a completely self-sufficient community based on the ideals of socialism and communalism.   Each person would work for the common good, providing food,


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“The moments before the final decision to die brought resistance from a few, but armed guards who surrounded the room shot many of them..”

shelter, clothing, health care and education for themselves. One, as Jones would constantly remind them, which was worth dying for. After many years of input, which had held such action as something to be aspired to, with no input negating such a belief, the members of the People’s Temple would have easily seen their own deaths as an act of nobility and dignity.

THE VISIONARY Over the twenty years preceding the events at “Jonestown,” the Reverend Jim Jones’s number of followers throughout America had grown considerably, as he drew to himself the outcasts of society, along with those who desired to help the downtrodden and serve those in need. During the early 1960’s, Jones preached the need for racial brotherhood and integration, an unpopular doctrine at that time which brought him much criticism from the church hierarchy. To avoid such criticism, Jones founded the People’s Temple in 1963, where both black and white worshipped side by side. The poor and society’s misfits were welcomed with open arms. Jones’s congregation worked to feed the poor, find employment for the jobless and help ex-criminals and drug addicts to put their lives back together.   As Jones’s congregation grew, so too did the demands he made upon his flock. Greater sacrifices and dedication were required of the People’s Temple membership. As criticism of the church’s practices increased, Jones relocated to northern California in 1965, along with 100 of his most dedicated and faithful followers. Oncew in California, the People’s Temple grew considerably until there were several congregations, its headquarters in San Francisco.   To attract new members to his “church,” Jones widely publicized

his services, promising miraculous healings where cancers would be removed and the blind made to see. Upon arrival, potential recruits would witness a community of brotherhood and fellowship where everyone, no matter their social standing or colour, was treated as equals. Each new potential member was greeted with personal warmth rarely encountered in the more traditional churches. People’s Temple members would stand before the crowd and recount stories of illnesses that Jim Jones had cured for them. To further convince his audience of his great powers he would make predictions of events that would always come to pass, and receive “revelations” about members or visitors, things that only they could have known. Before their eyes, Jones would heal cancer patients and a mass of putrid tissue would be torn from the patient’s body.   The passing of a severe initiation was required by new members that had the effect of making entry that much more desirable. Something that has to be earned is naturally valued more highly than that which is obtained freely. It also had the effect of creating a much higher level of commitment from members. Each new level of commitment asked of the member was immediately justified by the fact that much had already been sacrificed. To reject the new situation would mean admitting that the previous acts of commitment had been wrong. It is a natural phenomenon that people will tend to prolong a previously made commitment, even when painful, rather than admit that they had been mistaken.   The demands made upon a new member were only small and the level of choice was high. The commitment of further time and energy into the organization was gradual; the desire to do so was increased by the promise of the achievement of a higher ideal. All members were taught that the achievement of this ideal required self-sacrifice. The more that was sacrificed, the more that would be achieved.


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“With no support or agreement from another source, the individual would soon repress his own reservations.”

The new members would gradually come to see the long meetings and hours of work done for the church as being worthwhile and fulfilling. Jones increased his demands on the member only in small increments. At each new level of commitment, any reservations the person may have had could be easily rationalized and justified. By the time Jones’s demands had become oppressive, the individual members were so heavily committed that to not fulfill any new demands would require a complete denial of the correctness of all past decisions and behaviour.   Just as the demands on a member’s time increased gradually over time, so did the level of financial commitment. In the early days of membership, giving money was completely voluntary, although the amounts given were recorded openly. By recording the amounts given, an unspoken expectation was conveyed. The new member could choose to give nothing or very little, but knew that his level of commitment was being measured. Over a period of time, the level of contribution was increased to 25% of each person’s income and was no longer voluntary.   The highest level of commitment that could be demonstrated was when an individual or family lived at the People’s Temple facilities, handing over all personal property, savings, and social security cheques to the Temple. The ideal of communal living was a large aspect of Jones’s teaching as being the only truly spiritual ideal. The outside world of capitalism and individualism was seen as evil and destructive. Forces of that evil system would see the ideals and achievements of the People’s Temple as a threat to its own stability and thereby want to destroy it.   Through such teachings, Jones was able to create the illusion that the only place of safety and comfort was the People’s Temple. The member saw any criticism of the church from the outside as being

untrustworthy and proof of what Jones had taught. From the earliest stages of their indoctrination each member was taught that the achievement of a higher spirituality would require a struggle against their own weaknesses.   Any areas of resistance an individual harboured against the church were quickly suppressed as being an indication of that person’s lack of faith. Jones would regularly bring critics before the assembly and chastise them for their ‘unbelief.’ He would then require other members of the group to mete out the necessary punishment. Parents would publicly beat their children for transgressions while husbands and wives would be required to punish each other. In this way, each person was made personally responsible for the action and had to find a way to justify and rationalize it.   In this way, Jones was able to become more and more brutal in his punishments as each member had learned to internalize the belief that such punishments were necessary and just. The desire to relinquish more and more control of their lives over to Jones was further encouraged by the new-found harmony and peace that committed members found in their lives. Disputes within families gradually diminished. There was no longer any cause for disagreement since the rules were clearly laid down by Jones. The everyday stress, and sometimes even turmoil, they had known in the past from the constant need to make decisions and choices was now gone.   Life was easier with fewer choices. Any idea about leaving the People’s Temple was quickly dismissed by the individual for a number of reasons. Their total commitment to the church usually meant that they had isolated themselves from their family and friends, whether from lack of association or open enmity. To leave the fold of the church would mean either admitting their mistakes to family and friends or being alone without any support group. Church reaction

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“It was not safe to trust anyone with your negative feelings, to do so would risk the public humiliation and severe punishments meted out for such ‘offences.’”

to, and retaliation against, other defectors who were hated as traitors and enemies would also make leaving difficult. To deliberately put themselves into a situation of being despised by their friends was extremely daunting; especially when for so long the People’s Temple had come to be seen as the only safe haven from an evil world.   The final barrier to emancipation was economic. Each individual had surrendered all of his or her possessions and income to the People’s Temple. To leave would mean to abandon all the possessions they had, leaving them penniless and homeless. Staying could easily be justified, and the consequences seem more appealing than what could be faced outside.The individual’s isolation from any outside forces meant that even when they disagreed with the teachings or actions of the group, that disagreement was nowhere confirmed. With no support or agreement from another source, the individual would soon repress his own reservations. This process was made doubly effective, as each person was required to report any expressions of disagreement or dissatisfaction to Jones. Children would report their parents, husbands their wives, and parents their own children. It was not safe to trust anyone with your negative feelings, to do so would risk the public humiliation and severe punishments meted out for such “offences.”   At “Jonestown” this isolation was even more extreme. Even if one succeeded in leaving the complex, he had no passport, papers or money to help him to escape. When Ryan and his delegation arrived at “Jonestown,” anyone who wanted to leave had the option of doing so openly without the normal threats to their safety, yet only fifteen chose to do so. This is a strong indication of the effectiveness of Jones’s indoctrination.

THE MAN THEY CALLED ‘FATHER’ Jim Jones was born in Lyn, Indiana in 1931 during the Great Depression. As his parents struggled to eke out an existence, Jones was free to explore the world around him. At an early age he happened upon a Pentecostal congregation known as the Gospel Tabernacle, made up mainly of people who had moved to the area from Kentucky and Tennessee.   The church and its members dwelt on the fringes of the community and were known as “holy-rollers” and “tongues people” by the more conservative community of Lyn.   By his early teens, Jones was no longer interested in the normal activities of the other boys. He was much more interested in the emotional and religious fervour he found at the Gospel Tabernacle. Here he learned about spiritual healing and was soon receiving praise for his preaching.   In 1947 at the age of sixteen, Jones was preaching on street corners in both black and white neighbourhoods, sharing the wisdom and knowledge that he believed he possessed and was obliged to share with others. His sympathies lay with the poor and the downtrodden.  Jones considered himself a leader among his peers and looked down upon the behaviour of other boys his age that he considered frivolous and sinful. Yet, he strongly feared rejection and would retaliate angrily at any adverse criticism or disagreement that he saw as betrayal.   An example of this was when his best friend chose to go home rather than comply with Jones’s demands. As his friend walked


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“...Jones first became interested in the lives of powerful and influential men, taking a special interest in Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin.”

away, Jones grabbed his father’s gun and shot at the boy’s fast retreating figure.   During his high school years, Jones first became interested in the lives of powerful and influential men, taking a special interest in Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin. By the time he met his future wife, Marceline, in his late teens, he had already developed a keen knowledge and concern for social issues and world events. Marceline was a student nurse at the hospital where Jones worked part-time.   They married after Jones graduated from high school with honours and began college. The first years of their marriage were very stormy. Jones was insecure and domineering. His greatest fear, that of being abandoned by the ones he cared about, caused him to be jealous of any attention Marceline gave to anyone else.  Jones’s constant emotional explosions and tirades were extremely difficult for Marceline, but her belief that marriage was a lifetime commitment caused her to endure.Throughout this period, Jones began to question his faith, finding it difficult to reconcile his belief in a loving and merciful God with the reality of suffering and poverty he saw around him.   He now proclaimed that there was no God. He expected Marceline to share his new wisdom and threatened to commit suicide if she continued to pray. He softened his view in 1952 when the Methodists, the denomination of the church that Marceline attended, displayed a social conscience in line with his own beliefs.   The church espoused the rights of minorities and worked toward putting an end to poverty. The Methodists’ opposition to unemployment and support for collective bargaining for workers and security for the aged particularly impressed Jones.   In the same year, while continuing his college studies, Jones accepted a position as student pastor at the Somerset Methodist

Church in a less affluent, mostly white neighbourhood in southern Indianapolis. Secretly, Jones visited a number of African-American churches in the area and invited those he met there to his own services and into his home.   During this time Jones attempted to adopt Marceline’s cousin, who had been living with them since they rescued him from a foster home. The twelve-year-old boy was not happy about this decision and resisted.   Jones told him that any thought of returning to his mother was hopeless as she was unfit and didn’t love him. After visiting his mother, the boy believed differently. In an emotional rage, Jones attempted to impose his will upon the boy, but he would not be swayed. He returned to live with his mother and refused to see Jones when he came to visit.   Within a couple of years, Jones was successfully preaching at Pentecostal meetings at other churches, drawing large crowds with his healings and miracles. This success led him to leave The Somerset Methodist Church and begin his own church. By 1956, he moved his congregation to larger premises and began calling his activities a “movement” and his church the “People’s Temple.”   His emotional style and preaching of integration and equality were unusual qualities in a white preacher in the mid-fifties and Jones’s congregation did not provide the strong financial backing needed to increase his influence. Despite its lack of numbers, Jones’s church established a soup kitchen and advocated giving shelter to the needy and the adoption of children. At this time, Jones and Marceline adopted a black child and a Korean orphan as well as giving birth to a son.   The intensity of the Cold War in the mid-fifties influenced Jones considerably and he believed that Communism could best be fought

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“He made rules to satisfy his own whims, yet lived up to none of them himself”

with communalism. He was able to Christianize his burgeoning political beliefs by referring to biblical passages about people selling their possessions.   Jones’s good works and belief in civil rights was soon rewarded by his appointment as head of the Indianapolis Human Rights Commission. His radical beliefs and actions at this time brought many complaints and criticisms from the conservative sectors of the community.   Jones began to relate to local newspapers stories of harassment and threats to his life, although none of his claims could be substantiated by police inquiries.   Coincidentally, it was as criticism of his politics was heightening that Jones had a “vision” of nuclear attack. Believing that the Midwest was the most likely target of such an attack, Jones began looking for a “safer” place to move his congregation.   Leaving his congregation in the hands of his assistants, Jones went in search of the ideal location. He travelled to Hawaii and then Brazil where he stayed for two years, teaching English to support himself. It was during his return trip from Brazil that Jones first visited Guayana where he was impressed by the socialist doctrines of the government.   In 1965, two years after his return to Indianapolis, Jones moved with 140 of his followers to Ukiah in Mendocino County, California, because he had read in Esquire magazine that the area would be safe in the event of a nuclear attack. Once they were settled, Jones found part-time work as a teacher and Marceline worked as a social worker at Mendocino State hospital.   They had not been there long before Marceline decided she wanted to end their marriage. Jones’s extra-marital sexual encounters had become more frequent since the move to California and his lust

for power and control had increased dramatically. Their son Stephan had little respect for his father because of his hypocrisy.   He made rules to satisfy his own whims, yet lived up to none of them himself. Jones was using a variety of drugs to control his emotional ups and downs including Quaaludes, which Stephan used to try to kill himself.   In 1968, with his family falling apart and his congregation only numbering 68, Jones applied for, and was granted, affiliation with the Disciples of Christ, a denomination that boasted 1.5 million members. With very little supervision from the church administration, Jones was able to ignore its requirement for Holy Communion and baptism; instead he preached socialism and baptized new members “in the holy name of socialism.”   Being a member of a recognised church gave Jones tax exemptions and higher esteem. His congregation quickly grew to 300. Jones and his followers spent much of their time promoting the church and its good works, not only in the community but also across the country.   Over 30,000 copies of a newsletter were sent nationwide every month and Jones began radio broadcasting, ensuring that his good works would be known by all. By 1973, his congregation had grown to two and a half thousand and had spread to San Francisco and Los Angeles where he began to preach as well.   In 1974, Jones obtained permission from the government of Guyana to begin building a commune on a 300-acre allotment, 140 miles from Georgetown. The lease was signed and Jones named the commune “Jonestown”. With some of his followers already living at the commune site, Jones decided to visit Georgetown and publicise himself there.   Members of his staff approached Father Andrew Morrison to gain permission for Jones to give a service at the Catholic Sacred


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“ Jones preached that only through socialism could anyone achieve perfect freedom, justice and equality. According to Jones, socialism was the manifestation of God.”

Church. Ill-informed of the nature of Jones’s preaching, Father Morrison and others who attended were horrified by the obviously fake healings and miracles that occurred.Disappointed, Jones returned to California where the reception for his staged antics was much more favourable.   Staff members, usually intellectuals with a strong mystical bent, would pilfer the garbage of temple members to glean information Jones could use to fake clairvoyance in his meetings. Potential Temple members were invited to small meetings where they were carefully screened.   Anyone who appeared to be too politically conservative was

counter-revolutionary; any spouse who reacted jealously over their partner’s sexual infidelity was attacked openly.   At the same time he preached the virtues of celibacy and the sexuality of all members were under attack. Each person was required to confess their sexual practices and fantasies, while women were required to publicly complain about their husbands’ lovemaking.   Jones told his congregation that he was the only true heterosexual, yet in private he sodomised a man, justifying his actions as being the only way to prove to that man that he was really homosexual.   In December 1973, Jones was arrested in MacArthur Park, a known meeting place for homosexuals, and booked for lewd conduct.

excluded from further involvement, while those with anti-establishment attitudes and sympathy with Pentecostal type services were welcomed. These criteria meant that the majority of recruits were African-American, the uneducated and the poor.   In response to Jones’s teaching of Christian communalism, Temple members pooled their incomes and turned their property over to the People’s Temple to be sold, in return they received room, board and a two-dollar a week allowance. Jones preached that only through socialism could anyone achieve perfect freedom, justice and equality. According to Jones, socialism was the manifestation of God. His miracles, healing of the sick and care for the poor were all proof that he was Christ incarnate.   Jones saw himself as a social revolutionary despite the fact that his own organisation was anything but socialistic. There was no collective leadership and his staff, nearly all white, was not able to question his ideas. There was one source of authority only - Jim Jones.   Jones’s dualism and hypocrisy were reflected in his teachings on sexual relationships. He believed in sexual liberation yet advocated marriage. He attacked marriage without sexual freedom as being

Although the charges were dismissed, Jones was required to sign a document admitting that there was good reason for the arrest.   Jones was able to keep his arrest a secret and continued to gain acceptance in the San Francisco area. Left-wing groups welcomed him for his support of progressive causes and anti-establishment teachings. Temple members worked in political campaigns in San Francisco and Jones cultivated relationships with a variety of powerful political figures, using his large congregation and large accumulation of People’s Temple funds to cement his influence.   While his outside influence was growing and his control over his congregation was almost unbroken, Jones was not able to prevent all negative criticism directed at the People’s Temple, although he did attempt to do so. He had members of his congregation take jobs in some of the leading newspapers in the area to warn him of any plans to print negative material about him.   Before the papers could take the story to print, Jones would begin threatening them with legal action. Any of his opponents who persisted in discrediting him would soon receive threatening mail and be awoken in the middle of the night with threatening phone calls.

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“Any of his opponents who persisted in discrediting him would soon receive threatening mail and be awoken in the middle of the night with threatening phone calls. ”

Defectors from the Temple were too terrified to tell of their negative experiences with Jones, as they were constantly threatened with grave punishments.   Having been well experienced in Jones’s punishments and his uncontrollable anger towards anyone who dared to leave him, defectors believed that he would make good his threats if they pushed him. Grace Stoen, the wife of Tim Stoen who was the Temple’s Lawyer, experienced first hand Jones’s wrath when she dared to leave the community because of the brutal beating of a member who had criticised Jones.    It was this custody battle, along with a growing number of complaints from ex-members and relatives of members, which caused a great deal of public attention to become focused on the People’s Temple. With the mounting negative publicity, Jones’s paranoia became even more exaggerated and he began to prepare his congregation for the final move to Guyana.   Once in Guyana, Jones was able to maintain control over his community of followers without the conflicting input of outside agencies. Confined to the 300-acre property with no money or passports, Jones was guaranteed that no more of his followers could abandon him. He could now be in complete control of his people.   When that control was again threatened by the departure of fifteen more people with Leo Ryan’s party, Jones’s vengeful act of murder at the airport was typical of Jones throughout his life. The order for the mass-suicide was his means to gain ultimate control, if he could not have control of his people in life, he would have it in death!

“The order for the mass-suicide was his means to gain ultimate control, if he could not have control of his people in life, he would have it in death!”



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“Experience keeps a dear school, yet fools will learn in no other.” – Benjamin Franklin

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It was an audacious double-cross that fooled the Nazis and shortened World War II. Now a document, here published for the first time, reveals the crucial role played by Britain’s code-breaking experts in the 1944 invasion of France. All the ingredients of a gripping spy thriller are there - intrigue, espionage, lies and black propaganda.   An elaborate British wartime plot succeeded in convincing Hitler that the Allies were about to stage the bulk of the D-Day landings in Pas de Calais rather than on the Normandy coast - a diversion that proved crucial in guaranteeing the invasion’s success.   An intercepted memo - which has only now come to light - picked up by British agents and decoded by experts at Bletchley Park - the decryption centre depicted in the film Enigma - revealed that German intelligence had fallen for the ruse.   Enigma machine allowed operators to type in message then scramble it Nazis convinced its code could not be broken, so used it for communications on battlefield, at sea, in sky and within secret services.   But it had been cracked - 10,000 code breakers at Bletchley unscrambled top-secret messages using Bombe machine, co-created by Cambridge mathematician Alan Turing. The crucial message was sent after the D-Day landings had started, but let the Allies know the Germans had bought into their deception and believed the main invasion would be near Calais.   It was an insight that saved countless Allied lives and arguably hastened the end of the war. Now archivists at the site of the codebreaking centre hope that a new project to digitise and put online millions of documents, using equipment donated by electronics company Hewlett-Packard, will uncover further glimpses into its extraordinary past.   Behind the story of this crucial message and its global impact lies

Juan Pujol Garcia, an unassuming-looking Spanish businessman who was, in fact, one of the war’s most effective double agents.   The Nazis believed Pujol, whom they code named Alaric Arabel, was one of their prize assets, running a network of spies in the UK and feeding crucial information to Berlin via his handler in Madrid. In fact, the Spaniard was working for British intelligence, who referred to him as Garbo. Almost the entirety of his elaborate web of informants was fictitious and the reports he sent back to Germany were designed, ultimately, to mislead.   But agent Garbo was so completely trusted at the top level of the Nazi high command that he was honoured for his services to Germany, with the approval of Hitler himself, making him one of the few people to be given both the Iron Cross and the MBE for his WWII exploits.   He had the Germans completely fooled.” Amyas Godfrey, Royal United Services Institute, on agent Garbo. “He was no James Bond he was a balding, boring, unsmiling little man,” says Amyas Godfrey, an associate fellow at the Royal United Services Institute. “But he had the Germans completely fooled. They thought the information he was sending was so accurate.” To maintain his cover, much of what Garbo fed the Germans was absolutely genuine.   But when it came to the looming Allied invasion of France, his “intelligence” was anything but. Ahead of D-Day, the British launched Operation Fortitude, a plot to confound the Nazis about the location of the landings. Garbo was an integral part of the plan.   To establish his credibility, he sent advance warning ahead of the Normandy landings on 6 June 1944 - but too late for the Germans to act on it. Then, in the days afterwards, he fed them entirely fictitious intelligence from his fake “agents” that the invasion had been a red herring and “critical attacks” would follow elsewhere - most likely


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“It was an audacious double-cross that fooled the Nazis and shortened World War II.’”

down the coast in Pas de Calais. He also reported, again falsely, that 75 divisions had been massed in England before D-Day, meaning that many more were still to land in France. It was an account the Nazis took extremely seriously. As can be seen in the document reproduced by the BBC, it was transmitted to their high command by Garbo’s German handler.   As a result, German troops were kept in the Calais area in case of an assault, preventing them from offering their fullest possible defence to Normandy. But what truly gave the Allies the edge was the fact that they knew the Nazis had been duped. Unknown to Berlin, the Germans’ seemingly foolproof Enigma code for secret messages had been cracked by Polish code breakers.   In Bletchley Park, Buckinghamshire, some 10,000 men and women were employed deciphering the messages. And when the document above was cracked, the Allies knew they could press forward in the confidence that thousands of German troops would be tied up vainly standing guard at Calais. “The whole of the 20th Century might have been very different if it wasn’t for this,” says Kelsey Griffin, Bletchley Park’s director of museum operations.     “Churchill’s official biographer, Martin Gilbert, said it was difficult to imagine how the D-Day landings could have happened without Bletchley Park. “We had an army of unarmed intellectuals here.” The intercepted document - in its original, freshly-released, German language version - is all the more extraordinary for having been found by volunteers digging through Bletchley Park’s archives. One of them, retired civil servant Peter Wescombe, 79, recalls the excitement of realising its significance for the first time.  

“It was an insight that saved countless Allied lives and arguably hastened the end of the war... ‘the 20th Century might have been very different if it wasn’t for this.’”

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#1 Lion Mutilates 42 Midgets in Cambodian Ring Fight The Lie: There’s really not much to add that isn’t in the header. This was a fake BBC News story about 42 midgets being severely mutilated while competing under the “Cambodian Midget Fighting League.” We would point out to any professional journalists reading this the tried and true rule of journalism: Any story involving at least 40 midgets is bound to be too good to be true.

  The Truth: Fittingly, the most ridiculous fake news story ever covered by the mainstream media had the most ridiculous beginning. A couple of friends got into a discussion over whether or not a group of 40 unarmed midgets could use the power of teamwork to defeat a fully-grown African lion. The discussion became so heated that the friend on the “prolion” side of the argument created a fake webpage. The layout of the story looked so good that several high profile blog sites including posted a link to the fake story as if it were real news. Eventually the New York Post reported the story as real as part of their daily journalistic requirement to include at least three midget related stories in their daily output. The story grew so fast and so quickly that the site’s owner eventually had to put a huge disclaimer at the top of the page pointing out that it was fake, a separate page explaining the reason behind the fake story and a CafePress store that sold mutilated midget T-shirts.

#2 Cheney Challenges Hillary Clinton to Hunting Contest The Lie: One person will immediately understand what the author hoped to achieve.   Another will become insulted that their beliefs and philosophies are being challenged. A bleary eyed copy editor with two hours sleep and a hole to fill will take it to be an actual news.   That’s the only explanation we can fathom for how an Andy Borowitz story about former vice president Dick Cheney inviting Democratic presidential contender.

  The Truth: Apparently the Boston Herald thought the story was an Associated Press wire piece and printed it as such. A Boston Magazine blogger saw the story, and justifiably ridiculed them.   Herald editor Kevin Convey said the story somehow got lumped into their wire pile and printed as fact and admitted they were “bamboozled.” He added the paper was also “hornswaggled,” “duptasticfied” and “trickydicked.”   “Dick Cheney and Hillary in the woods with guns?” President Clinton said at a campaign

stop in Pittsburgh. “Boy, I like the sound of that.” But shortly after the vice president issued his challenge, Sen. Clinton seemed to back off from her earlier claims of hunting experience, saying that she had “misspoke” about her hunting exploits as a child. “I fired a gun once, but I didn’t like it, and I didn’t recoil,” she said.

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“Fittingly, the most ridiculous fake news story ever covered by the mainstream media had the most ridiculous beginning.”

#3 John Kerry Embraces His Metrosexuality The Lie: Presidential candidates have countless issues they must follow closely during election season. During the 2004 presidential campaign, Democrat candidate John Kerry seemed to be most concerned about issues concerning his image. Specifically, he wanted to make sure America knew that on the issue of his manliness, he came down squarely on the “I’m not gay!” side of the aisle. He spent time on camera hunting, fishing, mountain biking and even windsurfing to prove it. If the entire country hadn’t fallen asleep halfway

through the DNC, we probably would have all seen footage of Kerry buying his teenage son a prostitute.   The Bush campaign used this to their advantage with the famous “Windsurfing” campaign ad. Fox News decided that hanging a man with his own words was too subtle, and opted to run a story with a “Yes huh, John Kerry is totally gay!” message. The story included quotes from the Democratic loser bragging about his post-debate manicure and how having nice nails would help him win the women vote.

  The Truth: The story actually started as one of those interoffice mailings that employees share with each other for a goof. Then it appeared on a reporter’s Trail Tales blog and the manicure comment got repeated over and over again in interviews on shows such as Special Report with Brit Hume and The O’Reilly Factor. The network eventually issued a retraction and an apology saying the comments were “written in jest,” which in addition to their other failed attempt at topical comedy, The Half Hour News Hour, proves that Fox News should never be relied on for having a sense of humor.

#4 Study Finds That President George W. Bush has Lowest IQ Among Presidents of Last 50 Years The Lie: It was hard for most mainstream media outlets not to jump on the “Beat up Bush” bandwagon, as over the years he demonstrated what seemed to be an extremely tenuous grasp of the economy, geopolitics, national security, emergency preparedness and fundamental rules of human communication. The story claimed the

Lovenstein Institute of Scranton conducted a four-month study of President Bush’s IQ levels and concluded he ranked at a solid 91 due to his lack of grasp over the English language, limited use of vocabulary and lack of scholarly achievements.

  The Truth: Had they bothered to check the source of the email, they would have traced it back to the reputable news source, and the original press release, which claimed that Dr. Lovenstein “lives in a mobile home in Scranton, Pennsylvania running an Internet business called

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“The story actually started as one of those interoffice mailings that employees share with each other for a goof.”

#5 Photographs Prove Man Flies on Lung-Powered Plane The Lie: Ok, so maybe Fox News and the Chinese government aren’t bastions of journalistic integrity. Maybe you’d be more impressed by a story that fooled nearly every major American newspaper with the 1930s equivalent of a shitty photoshop? Flight had been a dream possessed by man long before the Wright Brothers built and successfully flew their own airplane in an attempt to “get the fuck out of boring-as-shit Kitty Hawk.” In 1934, a pilot in Germany completed

something that sounded almost too good to be true. Reporters confirmed pilot, Erich Kocher, invented a flying device powered by the lungs of the person strapped to it and even included a photograph to prove it.   The Truth: According to the Museum of Hoaxes , the International News Photo wire agency picked up the news and almost every major American newspaper printed the story and the photograph on their front page. The

photo and the story turned out to be part of an elaborate hoax by a German magazine for their April Fools’ Day issue. The wire agency and the news outlets that fell for the joke failed to spot some glaring clues from the original story. Sources also claimed the device turned the pilot’s carbon dioxide into a fuel that powered a small motor, in laughable defiance of even Depression-era laws of physics. Kocher appears to have an elongated snow shoe coming out of his ass.

#6 Congress Threatens to Leave D.C. Unless New Capitol is Built The Lie: Sports teams have long threatened to leave towns and their ever-patient fans if their cities don’t build them a new stadium, so why should Congress be any different? They would not hesitate to take advantage of the public. This does not apply to the United States alone however.   China’s state-run newspaper, the Beijing Evening News, saw the story on the Internet and assumed it was true, rewrote a few paragraphs and printed it in their paper, all without bothering to check or confirm

any of the sources mentioned in the story including then House Minority Leader Richard Gephardt.   The Truth: You’d think a story like this would come from some bitter senatorial page, maybe as some kind of nerd “in joke” with a bunch of other senatorial pages, but you’d be wrong. This story came from The Onion. When the Beijing paper found themselves with egg-fu-yung on their face, the paper’s International Editor angrily declined to print a retraction in an inter-

view with the Los Angeles Times saying, “How do you know whether or not we checked the source before we published the story? How can you prove it’s not correct?” The Times then presumably opened up any other article The Onion had ever run and quietly directed the Editor’s attention to it.

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“ You’d think a story like this would come from some bitter senatorial page, maybe as some kind of nerd “in joke” with a bunch of other senatorial pages, but you’d be wrong.”

#7 Thirteen-Year-Old Uses His Dad’s Credit Card to Buy Two Halo-Playing Hookers The Lie: A boy in Texas stole his father’s identity, obtained a credit card, and took his friends on a whirlwind-shopping spree of video games, electronic gadgets and two $1,000-an-hour hookers.   It might not have been enough to hook the media if it weren’t for an additional to-good-to-be-true detail: he didn’t hire them for a night of wild sex. He only needed someone to play some Halo with him. The Police finally caught the boy and several of his friends before the hookers could show them five ways to please a man with a “Gravity Hammer.”   Given the adorable little “we only needed a fourth player” plot-twist, we can understand why someone might want to believe the story. But there’s also the ending, which would make Michael Bay and the entire Church of Scientology call bullshit. Allegedly, the hookers weren’t charged because the boys convinced them they were really a group of midgets from a traveling circus seeking somenon-sexual companionship.

  The Truth: Internet marketer and writer Lyndon Anticliff dreamed up the whole story as part of a ploy to get some quick hits to his site, which according to Wired garnered him roughly 6,000 links.   The coverage reached such staggering heights that he had to put a disclaimer on the story that the whole thing was intended to be a parody and satirical, two concepts that are completely lost on news outlets like Fox News. The story appeared on the network’s late night gabfest “Red Eye” where the network’s judicial analyst, Jeanine Pirro, wondered why the hookers weren’t thrown in a furnace occupied by hungry lions, while the show’s four remaining male-panelists wondered why the police didn’t bestow the boy with a knighthood.

“In the olden days when shoes were a luxury and smallpox was a right of passage, men like William Randolph Hearst used their complete control over communication airwaves to tell the general populace whatever lie happened to be convenient or interesting. With the advent of the Internet, the situation has changed so that instead of powerful media moguls spreading bullshit, pretty much anybody can do it. After all, if the story is good enough, the mainstream media will report it, no matter how transparently retarded it is.”




“You can fool some

of the people all of the time, and all of the people some of the time, but you can not fool all of the people all of the time.

– Abraham Lincoln


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Searching For Truth, Under Cover of Lies Anita Gates Reporting From New York Times

If we had all been living in Italy in 1969, we might consider Dario Fo’s “Accidental Death of an Anarchist” a lot more shocking. That year, Giuseppe Pinelli, a railway worker accused of being involved in a bombing, died after falling, jumping or being pushed from a fourth-floor window in a police station in Milan. Could it really have been murder? The Shakespeare Theater of New Jersey’s new production of Mr. Fo’s political farce, inspired by that event, is amiable but largely toothless because most American theatergoers are seeing it from a great distance of both time and geography.   Suffice it to say that Mr. Fo is considered politically dangerous. (He devotes much of his work to criticism — of the government, the police, the church and sacred cows generally. “Accidental Death of an Anarchist,” at the F. M. Kirby Shakespeare Theater at Drew University through Aug. 28, revolves around a character known as the Maniac (Kevin Isola), who regularly impersonates important people and gets away with it legally because he’s insane.The Maniac, hearing that a case much like Pinelli’s is going to be investigated, decides to pose as first counsel to the high court and interrogate the police officials who were around that day.   He begins by having them act out their encounter with the railway worker and soon has two police superintendents standing on the windowsill in perfect defenestration position. The play’s straightforward message about corruption comes across clearly. (As one character says, “It’s good to know the judiciary is still a policeman’s best friend.”) And Paul Mullins, the able director, has a fine cast of Shakespeare Theater veterans to work with. Mr. Isola, wwho recently play ed a German film director in the New York production of Lynn Nottage’s “By the Way, Meet Vera Stark,” gives it his all as the Maniac. Edmond Genest, Andrew Weems and Jeffrey M. Bender play the police officers who are completely fooled by the impostor.

  Philip Goodwin plays the only inspector who isn’t fooled. And Kristie Dale Sanders, who was so moving as a dead teenager’s mother in the off Broadway production of “The Dream of the Burning Boy” this year, turns up in Act II as a skeptical reporter with some very good questions. The ensemble is thoroughly convincing and decidedly appealing but rarely inspired, even when Mr. Isola’s over-the-top physical comedy turns to props, including a shiny wooden hand and an errant glass eye. The funniest moment in the show comes early, when, rifling through a briefcase, the Maniac finds a screechy black cat inside and casually tosses it out the window.   It’s bad news for a production when the best reaction comes from a stuffed animal. “Accidental Death of an Anarchist” hasn’t had that much luck with American audiences. Its only Broadway production, in 1984, opened and closed in a little more than two weeks despite a star performance by the remarkable Jonathan Pryce. Of course, that production used an English adaptation by Richard Nelson, which Americanized the script with Ronald Reagan jokes. The Shakespeare Theater of New Jersey has wisely gone with a translation by Ed Emery that respects the play’s charming Italian accent.   Mr. Fo, 85, has a subversive message that needs to be heard. The trouble is, you have to wait until the end of the evening to get even a hint of it, and then it’s explained rather than dramatized. But the next time the United States is embroiled in a big political scandal, remember the Maniac’s observations about the outcome of such revelations. “People can let off steam, get angry,” he says, and ultimately emit “a little liberating burp.” So everybody feels better, and nothing changes.

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Borat Movie Review Rebecca Murray Reporting From Guide

Sacha Baron Cohen is a comic genius. As Borat Sagdiyev, a TV journalist from Kazakhstan who is the least politically correct character imaginable, Baron Cohen spits out the most outrageous racist and sexist statements he can think of. Yet it’s the reaction of most of his unknowing victims that proves to be the most interesting aspect of Borat. The defiantly unapologetic and laugh out loud funny Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan is not for the easily offended or for those who don’t get Sacha Baron Cohen’s satirical humor.   If even one scene from the trailer or TV commercials has upset you, do not go see Borat. Nothing is off-limits – not feminists, Jewish people, Pentecostals, homosexuals, or politicians. If there’s a way to stir the pot and use this shocking mockumentary to make us examine our values, Borat goes for it. Speaking in his own particularly bizarre mangled version of English, Borat begins his film by showing the audience around his glorious Kazakhstan, a country with many problems including “e con omic, social and Jew.” After introducing us to his wife, hated neighbor, and award-winning prostitute sister, Borat explains a little about his family history (his father was Boltolk the rapist) before he and his producer, Azamat (Ken Davitian), take off for America.   Once in America, Borat proceeds to skewer Western values at every turn. From inquiring of a gun store owner which gun to buy to kill Jews, to carrying on a conversation with the head of a rodeo about killing all homosexuals and then whipping up that rodeo crowd by praising America’s “war of terror,” Borat’s just as offensive as the genuinely shocking responses he elicits. Sacha Baron Cohen in “Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan.” Following his declaration of Kazakhstan’s support of the murder of all Iraqis, Borat proceeds to inflame the ro-

deo audience by singing his version of Kazakhstan’s national anthem to the tune of America’s. Baron Cohen as Borat knows exactly which buttons to push and then just keeps on pushing them.   It’s easy to see why some of the ‘innocent’ people Baron Cohen as Borat encountered while filming Borat are so enraged over being included in his movie. Borat includes a few scenes of people acting like decent human beings. Others are definitely not so fortunate, and those are the ones that provide the film with its most memorable – and alarming - scenes.   Baron Cohen and director Larry Charles don’t cheat when it comes to laying it all on the line. Borat is placed in the most volatile situations possible, sometimes barely escaping being hauled off to jail and even once being wrestled to the ground by the police. Yet not once over the course of the film does Sacha Baron Cohen break character. Like him or loathe him, Baron Cohen delivers an absolutely amazing performance and one audiences won’t forget. It is without a doubt one of the best performances by an actor in 2006, maybe even of the decade. As Borat’s companion on the road, Ken Davitian is so be lie vable as Borat’s producer it’s difficult to separate the actor from the role.   When the two get involved in a knock-down drag-out fight over Pamela Anderson that begins in their hotel room and ends with the pair getting kicked out of the hotel for making a spectacle of themselves on stage at a business presentation, it’s pure comic gold. That scene alone is worth the price of a movie ticket. Baron Cohen’s brilliant film skewers anti-Semitism and racism while delivering some of the biggest laughs of the year. Borat leaves you chuckling while at the same time thinking about the root causes of prejudice and bigotry, and for that reason Borat’s a must-see.

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Charles Arthur


Reporting From

Reporting From International Business Times

The Daily Mail website been caught out by a fake Steve Jobs account on Twitter, writing a story claiming that the chief executive said the iPhone 4 would be recalled on the basis on a message from the clearly-marked parody account. The “ceoSteveJobs” account on Twitter plainly says in its biography: “I don’t care what you think of me. You care what I think of you. Of course this is a parody account.”But the Mail on Sunday appears to have overlooked this in picking up on a tweet at 0017 BST on Sunday in which the person writing the account said: “We may have to recall the new iPhone.   This, I did not expect.” Had the account belonged to the real chief executive, there might have been the faint possibility of it being true: Apple has acknowledged problems with reception when the iPhone 4 is held in particular ways, notably from below – though its guidance to customers is simply not to hold it in ways which lose reception.    The tweet was thus quickly picked up by the Mail, which wrote a story that was published at about 11am on Sunday morning which said that: “The much-vaunted new iPhone 4 may be recalled, Apple boss Steve Jobs revealed last night. Posting a message on the social networking site Twitter, the tycoon said …” and quoted the tweet.   Although the story was taken down later in the day, it was picked up by a number of commentators, and was still being indexed on Google News late on Sunday night – though the URL that it led to did not resolve.Although Jobs does not – as far as anyone knows – use social networks such as Twitter or Facebook, he has in the past few months begun to respond to emails sent by customers or journalists. On the iPhone 4, he has already replied to at least one customer, suggesting: “Just avoid holding it that way.”   More recently, he is reported to have told another customer to “stay tuned” over the reception problems – perhaps implying that a forthcoming software update will try to improve the situation.

Complete with the white Apple logo, sleek wooden tables and a cheery staff claiming to work for the iPhone makers, most in China assumed that the store in Kunming was just like all the rest. The store looks every bit like Apple Stores found across the globe, with all the signature touches.   Except, if you go to Apple’s Web site and search for locations in China, this store won’t show up - because it’s a fake. The store in Kunming was stumbled upon by a 27-year-old American blogger living in the city of Kunming, the capital of China’s mountainous southwestern Yunnan province. Located not far the borders of Laos, Vietnam and Myanmar, the city’s fast-growing industrial and manufacturing base is emblematic of China’s ascent on the world stage. According to the blogger, who goes by the name BirdAbroad, “this was a total Apple store rip-off.   A beautiful rip-off, a brilliant one, the best rip-off store we had ever seen. Being the curious types that we are, we struck up some conversation with these salespeople who, hand to God, all genuinely think they work for Apple.”    An Apple spokesman in California declined to comment on the fake stores but said consumers can go to the company’s website to locate authorized outlets. It was unclear whether the store sold genuine Apple products or counterfeit knockoffs. “Famous U.S. brands, and the respect and loyalty they command from consumers, are critical to our ability to compete in China and around the world. Press reports of a fake Apple store are indicative of the challenges we continue to face combating intellectual property theft in China,” a senior U.S. trade official said. “Confronting those challenges is a high priority for the Obama Administration,” the official added.

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Why Were We Fooled By The Fake Syria Blog? Robin Lustig Reporting From UK Times

Amid all the violence in Syria - well over 1,000 people feared killed, according to human rights groups, and more than 10,000 people arrested - why is so much attention being paid to a fake blog which purported to be the work of a “Gay Girl in Damascus”?   First, because for us journalists, hoaxes that we fall for are a source of deep embarrassment and a reason for some serious soul-searching.Second, because many thousands of people wanted to believe in “Amina”, the fake blogger, and it’s worth asking why.   Third, because it was a real mystery, and now it’s been solved and there is a perennial fascination with mysteries.   Here are some of my thoughts. (And yes, I apologise for having been taken in by the hoax, and I apologise for having linked to the “Gay Girl” website from this blog and from Facebook and Twitter.)   There’s nothing new, alas, about journalists falling for hoaxes. Forty years ago, Clifford Irving fooled everyone with a fake autobiography of the reclusive tycoon Howard Hughes. In the 1980s, fake Hitler diaries were published - again, many journalists were left with egg on their faces.   What’s new about the world of social media is the speed with which information can be disseminated, questioned, and, where necessary, debunked. When “Amina” was reported arrested last week, it was only hours before questions were being asked about whether she really existed.   (Many people worked on establishing the truth, but the real detective work was done principally by Andy Carvin of the US public radio network NPR, and Ali Abunimah of the website Electronic Intifada.)   Wh y did journalists - why did I - believe Amina was genuine? First, she wrote in what seemed to be an authentic voice. Second, she was taken seriously by people who were in a good position to judge her authenticity. Third, she was an identifiable individual who

seemed to be living in the midst of one of the major international stories of our time.  Successful hoaxers, like successful confidence tricksters, tell us what we want to hear. The man who created the Gay Girl blog, a 40-year-old American Middle East activist called Tom MacMaster, insists that he did not intend to deceive - but he did, knowingly or unknowingly, feed what may well have been a journalistic longing for an authentic social media hero of the Arab Spring.   One of the reasons why so many people have been caught up in the story of the Arab uprisings may be that we like to read stories in which ordinary people, acting together, can produce real change. And if we can put a face, and a voice, to someone who symbolises that change, so much the better.   “Amina” was brave, and beautiful, and passionate. Mr MacMaster may well have missed his true calling as a writer of pulp fiction. He now says he may write a novel based on the Gay Girl blog.   When I linked to his (fake) story of how Amina’s father supposedly faced down thuggish Syrian security men who had come to arrest his daughter, I called it “a remarkable human tale”, because that is what it seemed to be.   Should I have been more sceptical? Yes. Will I be more sceptical in future? But there are many brave people out there, and some of them are prolific bloggers and Tweeters. We should not ignore the real ones because we were fooled by a fake one.

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Matt Egan

Ajay Kashyap

Reporting From FOX BUSINESS

Reporting from Toostep

McDonald’s (MCD: 85.03, -3.58, -4.04%) appears to be the victim of a Twitter hoax over the weekend as an image of a sign claiming African-American customers are required to pay a $1.50 transaction fee made the rounds in the blogosphere. The picture, which had been posted under the hashtag of #seriouslymcdonalds and has since been removed from Twitter, displayed a sign taped to a window outside of what appears to be a McDonald’s restaurant.   The sign claimed the world’s largest fast-food chain is charging African-American customers an additional fee “as an insurance measure due in part to a recent string of robberies.” “It’s a completely senseless, ignorant hoax by some pranksters,” Heidi Barker, a McDonald’s spokesperson, told FOX Business. Barker said she had “no idea” who had carried out the hoax. The sign included an 800-number that connected callers to the customer satisfaction hotline of rival KFC, which is owned by Yum! Brands (YUM: 51.53, -1.84, -3.45%).   On its official Twitter account Saturday, McDonald’s said, “that pic is a senseless & ignorant hoax McD’s values ALL our customers. Diversity runs deep in our culture on both sides of the counter.” Despite the official denials, the hoax gained momentum over the weekend as “Seriously McDonald’s” ranked on Twitter’s “Trends” list, according to tech blog Gizmodo. Shares of McDonald’s, which were inactive ahead of Monday’s open, have increased almost 5% year-to-date.

Satyam ex-chairman Ramalinga Raju’s fraud game did not spare even its employees. While it inflated revenue through fake invoices, the company created teams to work on the fake projects. The employees working on these ‘projects’ were made to believe there were clients waiting for these products to be delivered. According to the finds of the Central Bureau of Investigations (CBI), the employees were also regularly sent emails about the product and project progress as if they were all coming from the clients abroad. But the emails were fake and were used only to keep the employees engaged.   The fraudulent chairman along with the finance in-charges and the core team created at least seven projects, showing that clients were waiting for these products to be delivered. There was regular exchange of mails from the management to the employees to give an impression of the keen interest of management in execution of these projects. The ledgers maintained by Satyam were dishonestly and fraudulently forged pertaining to these seven customers to incorporate the collections pertaining to all the 63 invoices.   What has caught the investigators by surprise is the way the emails to employees for monitoring the progress of the fake projects were generated. The CBI found that they were all generated from Hyderabad. Detailed analysis of the emails revealed that the Internet protocol addresses from which the emails were sent at the relevant time and date were all from within Hyderabad itself, which clearly shows that such emails have never emanated from these seven foreign customers. Further, it was also established that these emails were relayed by the Rediffmail server which has got a paid service facility called Domain Services, which facilitates its clients to create email IDs at their own domain names.  

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Fox Fooled By “Muslim Ban On Padded Bras” Hoax Justin Elliot Reporting From Fox News

A Fox News website has picked up a hoax story about an Islamic council in Pakistan protesting the use of padded and colorful bras and presented it as fact.   The story, which is still featured on Fox News’ Fox Nation website, was illustrated with a picture of a woman’s mid-section and carried the headline “Pakistan: Islamic Clerics Protest Women Wearing Padded Bras as ‘Devil’s Cushions.’” (UPDATE 9:30: Fox has now pulled the story. See the original here.)   The lead of the Fox Nation story, which sources the piece to the Indian news website, reads:   The Council of Islamic Ideology in Pakistan has protested the use of padded and colourful bras by Muslim women, and recommended that Pakistani Muslim researchers should try to invent an innerwear that makes female assets unnoticeable.   The problem is, if one takes the time to track the story back to its source, the whole thing is an obvious Onion-style satire -- a fact first pointed out by Arif Rafiq of the Pakistan Policy Blog.   Roznama Jawani, in turn, appears to be a Pakistani version of the Onion, featuring such stories as “Karachi Preparing a Huge Ass Bat to Beat the Shit Out of Kamran Akmal,” “Altaf Hussain Challenges Imran Khan to a Rap Battle to Settle Differences,” and “Man From Peshawar Sues Red Bull. Says he has no wings!”   The bra story on Roznama Jawani features a crudely photoshopped image of an Islamic council meeting with a large sign that says, “Future of Padded Bras.” The story quotes an anti-padded bra protester saying that “Padded bras are evil as they make the breasts look bigger and perky ... Only devil women show off private parts.”   The stories published in Roznama Jawani might only be applicable and true in another universe. That universe might be parallel to this universe. Might even be serial.

  Fox Nation is an openly conservative news and opinion aggregation site that is part of the Fox News network. It’s not clear what sort of editorial standards are applied to the site, which carries a mixture of hard news and catnip for conservative readers (sample headlines: “Democrats politicize tsunami” and “The President’s afternoon: A round of golf”).   Fox Nation commenters, for their part, reacted to the bra story with outrage. “If I was a woman--anywhere in the world, I’d be taking a close look at Islam and what it meant for me,” wrote commenter rebubinca. A “louisiana_mom” replied:   “How can anyone in their right mind defend this religion/cult is beyond me. The silence of NOW and other women’s rights organizations speak volumes as to where their true loyalties are (and it is not for the rights for women).I cannot believe anyone in the 21st century would even entertain the thought of allowing Sharia Law into any Western county.”   This is hardly the first time a hoax story has made its way around the Internet. A similar situation last year prompted a boycott of pop sensation Justin Bieber by opponents of the “ground zero mosque” who falsely believed that Bieber had come out in favor of the project.


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“I guess what bothers me so

much about what I now see going on in both Texas and in Washington is an effort to keep people from finding out about the mistakes of lawmakers and then when they’re uncovered, an effort to fool people and pretend there was nothing wrong.

– Chris Bell

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Books, Poems, Lyrics, Plays


The Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald

Nick Carraway, a young man from Minnesota, moves to New York in the summer of 1922 to learn about the bond business. He rents a house in the West Egg district of Long Island, a wealthy but unfashionable area populated by the new rich, a group who have made their fortunes too recently to have established social connections and who are prone to garish displays of wealth.   Nick’s next-door neighbor in West Egg is a mysterious man named Jay Gatsby, who lives in a gigantic Gothic mansion and throws extravagant parties every Saturday night. Nick is unlike the other inhabitants of West Egg—he was educated at Yale and has social connections in East Egg, a fashionable area of Long Island home to the established upper class.   Nick drives out to East Egg one evening for dinner with his cousin, Daisy Buchanan, and her husband, Tom, an erstwhile classmate of Nick’s at Yale. Daisy and Tom introduce Nick to Jordan Baker, a beautiful, cynical young woman with whom Nick begins a romantic relationship.   Nick also learns a bit about Daisy and Tom’s marriage: Jordan tells him that Tom has a lover, Myrtle Wilson, who lives in the valley of ashes, a gray industrial dumping ground between West Egg and New York City. Not long after this revelation, Nick travels to New York City with Tom and Myrtle. At a vulgar, gaudy party in the apartment that Tom keeps for the affair,   He encounters Jordan Baker at the party, and they meet Gatsby himself, a surprisingly young man who affects an English accent, has a remarkable smile, and calls everyone “old sport.” Gatsby asks to speak to Jordan alone, and, through Jordan, Nick later learns more about his mysterious neighbor. Gatsby tells Jordan that he knew Daisy in Louisville in 1917 and is deeply in love with her.   He spends many nights staring at the green light at the end of her

dock, across the bay from his mansion. Gatsby’s extravagant lifestyle and wild parties are simply an attempt to impress Daisy. Gatsby now wants Nick to arrange a reunion between himself and Daisy, but he is afraid that Daisy will refuse to see him if she knows that he still loves her.   Nick invites Daisy to have tea at his house, without telling her that Gatsby will also be there. After an initially awkward reunion, Gatsby and Daisy reestablish their connection. Their love rekindled, they begin an affair. After a short time, Tom grows increasingly suspicious of his wife’s relationship with Gatsby.   At a luncheon at the Buchanans’ house, Gatsby stares at Daisy with such undisguised passion that Tom realizes Gatsby is in love with her. Though Tom is himself involved in an extramarital affair, he is deeply outraged by the thought that his wife could be unfaithful to him. He forces the group to drive into New York City, where he confronts Gatsby in a suite at the Plaza Hotel.   Tom asserts that he and Daisy have a history that Gatsby could never understand, and he announces to his wife that Gatsby is a criminal—his fortune comes from bootlegging alcohol and other illegal activities. Daisy realizes that her allegiance is to Tom, and Tom contemptuously sends her back to East Egg with Gatsby, attempting to prove that Gatsby cannot hurt him.   When Nick, Jordan, and Tom drive through the valley of ashes, however, they discover that Gatsby’s car has struck and killed Myrtle, Tom’s lover. They rush back to Long Island, where Nick learns from Gatsby that Daisy was driving the car when it struck Myrtle, but that Gatsby intends to take the blame.   Though Gatsby’s power to transform his dreams into reality is what makes him “great,” Nick reflects that the era of dreaming—both Gatsby’s dream and the American dream—is over.

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Books, Poems, Lyrics, Plays



The Call of the Weird

By Louis Sachar

By Louis Theorux

Stanley Yelnats was given a choice. The judge said, “You may go to jail, or you may go to Camp Green Lake.” Stanley was from a poor family. He had never been to camp before.   And so, Stanley Yelnats seems set to serve an easy sentence, which is only fair because he is as innocent as you or me. But Stanley is not going where he thinks he is. Camp Green Lake is like no other camp anywhere. It is a bizarre, almost otherworldly place that has no lake and nothing that is green. Nor is it a camp, at least not the kind of camp kids look forward to in the summertime. It is a place that once held “the largest lake in Texas,” but today it is only a scorching desert wasteland, dotted with countless holes dug by the boys who live at the camp.   The trouble started when Stanley was accused of stealing a pair of shoes donated by basketball great Clyde “Sweetfeet” Livingston to a celebrity auction. In court, the judge doesn’t believe Stanley’s claim that the shoes fell from the sky onto his head. And yet, that’s exactly what happened.   Oddly, though, Stanley doesn’t blame the judge for falsely convicting him. Instead, he blames the whole misadventure on his “no-good-dirty-rotten-pig-stealing-great-great-grandfather.” Thanks to this benighted distant relative, the Yelnats family had been cursed for generations. For Stanley, his current troubles are just a natural part of being a Yelnats.   At Camp Green Lake, the warden makes the boys “build character” by spending all day, every day, digging holes: five feet wide and five feet deep. It doesn’t take long for Stanley to realize there’s more than character improvement going on at Camp Green Lake. The boys are digging holes because the treacherous warden is searching for something, and before long Stanley begins his own search—for the truth.  

“No, it doesn’t get much weirder than this: Thor Templar, Lord Commander of the Earth Protectorate, who claims to have killed ten aliens.”

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Books, Poems, Lyrics, Plays

Th e De ce ive d Artist: Trivium

Disintegration constituents to decompose of the parts A malformation utopia systematic unity can’t be achieved Be numb to all the things, that force you to frame Be numb to all the things, that force you to frame Disintegration constituents to decompose of the parts A malformation utopia systematic unity can’t be achieved Be numb to all the things, that force you to frame Be numb to all the things, that force you to frame We are the deceived, lost in the foreseen We are the deceived, lost in the foreseen To wait for aformentioned dreams time will only tell Tell that the promised have been failed Behold your fellow man through centuries of control Adhering to the decrees of a manufactured god Behold your fellow man through centuries of control Adhering to the decrees of a manufactured god To wait for aformentioned dreams time will only tell Tell that the promised have been failed To wait for aformentioned dreams time will only tell Tell that the promised have been failed



Books, Poems, Lyrics, Plays

Taken For A Ride Artist: Deadline

She is living off you but she’s cheating on you, made a fool out of you talking shit about you. You’ve been well and truly had my friend but you’re too loved up to see! What does she want you for, she’s always wanting more, she is just a whore, we all said before, cannot see it when it’s in your face, she’s a fuckin disgrace! OH WHAT A FOOL YOU HAVE BEEN, YOU’VE BEEN TAKEN FOR A RIDE, YOU’VE BEEN WELL AND TRULY HAD! I’ve seen her down the pub and the trendy clubs trying to strut her stuff, now she’s up the duff and you know that it’s not even yours, she’s been there ten times before!!!! When will you realize that she’s full of lies? Why don’t you get wise or you’ll waste your life and you’ll be staying in with all her children on a Friday night...

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Books, Poems, Lyrics, Plays

Who’s the Fool By Unknown

A friend of mine I thought was cool Just called me an “April Fool.” “That isn’t fair,” I said when we talked But he tried to trip me as we walked He said he’d eaten dog food and now he was sick I didn’t know he was pulling a trick And I don’t know how he got a mousetrap But he threw it down and it slammed with a “Snap!” He wanted me to join in his pranks But I frowned at him and said, “No, thanks.” “Come on, I’ll show you,” he eagerly beckoned But he’s the fool, it’s April the second




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“Am I a fool fool? I don’t think I’m a fool fool. But I think I sure was fooled.” fooled – Kenneth Lay

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Books, Poems, Lyrics, Plays


Hamlet Summary By William Shakespeare

Summary Act I SCENE 1 We are on the platform of Elsinore concastle, in the dead of night, with lie Francisco, a soldier, who is standing guard, when he is relieved by Bernardo, an officer. Itcon isn’t long before Bernardo is joined by his fellow officer, Marcellus, who has brought with him Hamlet’s friend, Horatio, who doubts that the castle is haunted by a ghost as the officers claim. Bernardo begins to relate the marvel con anew when the ghost, in the likeness of Denmark’s former king, appears and just as quickly fool vanishes. Horatio speculates as to the meaning of the ghost with respect to Denmark’s fate when the ghost reappears, play makes as if to disclose a secret, only to disappear with the crowing of a rooster. The three men resolve to inform Prince Hamlet of their strange and ominous encounter as the morning dawns in Denmark. lie SCENE 2 Additional lie characters: Claudius--Hamlet’s uncle and current king of Denmark; Cornelius and Voltemand--courtiers; Gertrude--queen of fool Denmark and Hamlet’s mother who is newly wedded to Claudius; Hamlet--the prince of Denmark; Polonius--Lord Chamberlain; Laertes--Polonius’ son and a favorite of Claudius. lie   Having discharged Cornelius and Voltemand, his couriers, on a diplomatic mission to Norwaycon (to curb the warlike posturing of Norway‘s nephew Fortinbras), King Claudius attends to domestic affairs; namely, giving Laertes, a youth Claudius is sympathetic lie to, his blessing and permission to leave for France and persuading Hamlet to staycon in Elsinore as opposed to letting him return to Wittenberg where he is a student. On both counts, King Claudius gets

his way and to show his pleasure he orders preparations be made for a bout of drinking and celebration later that night.con Alone, still unable to come to terms with his mother’s con second marriage (to his uncle, a.k.a. King Claudius), Hamlet broods and curses his fate only to be interrupted by Horatio, his friend, and the officers Marcellus lie and Bernardo. They exchange pleasantries lie and then Horatio tells Hamlet of the marvel he had witnessed: namely of the ghost and of the ghost’s likeness fool to Hamlet’s deceased father. The officers corroborate the incredible story. Thrilled, Hamlet resolves to see the ghost for himself. He tells his friends to keep theliematter a secret and that he will join them, at the platform, later that night, when the ghost is wont to walk. SCENE 3 Laertes is about to depart for France. con Before he departs he counsels Ophelia, his sister, to be wary of Hamlet’s romantic advances, arguing that Ophelia may be giving Hamlet’s words too much credence on account of Hamlet’s lofty status (Hamlet is the Prince of Denmark, after lie all). Ophelia retorts that Laertes ought not to preach fool virtue while being a libertine himself. They part when their father, Polonius, scolds Laertes for delaying his departure, which play departure Polonius then proceeds to delay himself with a sermon concerning the proper conduct and deportment that a man ought lie to be mindful of when abroad. By and by, Laertes departs but the preaching continues as Polonius ferrets out what was said between brother and sister. Polonius then picks up right where Laertes had left off. Indeed, con Polonius takes the preaching up a notch, forbidding his daughter henceforth to talk, much less to meet, with Hamlet, lie likening Hamlet’s advances as a trap to cage unwary prey.


Books, Poems, Lyrics, Plays

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“He learns that the ghost is his father’s murdered spirit lie which is in a state of unrest and that his uncle is the cause.”


Summary Act II SCENE 1

At around midnight, Hamlet joins Horatio andcon Marcellus on the castle platform when, within the castle, trumpets sound, signifying the start of the drinking and banqueting that King Claudius had earlier made the night’s agenda. Hamlet repudiates the celebration, calling it an indulgence thatliediscredits Denmark in the eyes of other nations. He meditates upon nature of evil, of how a play physical fool defect can inexplicably be its cause when the ghost appears. Hamlet addresses it, calling it King, Father, Royal Dane. The ghost beckons Hamlet to follow. Horatio and Marcellus lie dissuade Hamlet, going so far as to bodily restrain the prince. Hamlet frees himself and warns Horatio and conMarcellus to desist lest they suffer his wrath. Hamlet follows the ghost. SCENE 5 Having followed the ghost to a remote part of the castlelie platform, Hamlet demands thecon ghost to reveal its mystery. The ghost obliges and Hamlet is amazed, shocked, and vindicated to learn that he is to avenge the ghost. He learns that the ghost is his father’s murdered spirit which is in a state of unrest and that hiscon uncle is the cause. As dawn approaches, the ghost reminds Hamlet to exact vengeance on Claudius but to spare his mother, to let heaven (or guilt and fool conscience) avenge Gertrude. Meanwhile, Horatio and Marcellus look for Hamlet and when they find him they are dying play to know what had passed between Hamlet and the ghost. Hamlet refuses to tell and lie moreover he demands that they swear by his sword not to reveal what they have seen lie and heard tonight. The ghost echoes Hamlet’s conswear to not tell. demand and Horatio and Marcellus

We are in Polonius’ house as Polonius, the busybody, instructs his servant, Reynaldo, on what he--Reynaldo--is to do before delivering the money that Laertes fool is expecting from his father. Reynaldo, Polonius says, is to dissimulate someone who has a passing acquaintance of Laertes and under that pretext enquire about for Laertes con and slander him. Reynaldo is reluctant to do this, but Polonius assures him that slandering his son in public is the only way to a get a true report of his son’s reputation. Reynaldo leaves, acknowledging his play duty. Soon thereafter, Ophelia bursts into her father’s room, relating an unsettling encounterlie she had just had with Prince Hamlet. Apparently, the prince had appeared before her in a state of utter dishevelment, giving her the impression that he was in extreme duress. Although Ophelia avers thatcon she could not determine the cause, Polonius concludes that it could be no other than unrequited love and decides to take up the matter with thelie king lest the unstable playthe well-being of the kingdom. mind of the prince undermines SCENE 2 Claudius and lie Gertrude, the king and queen, have commissioned courtiers Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, Hamlet’s childhood acquaintances, to keep Hamlet company. Anon, Polonius, the Lord con the king and queen Chamberlain, enters the scene and informs that he has found out the cause of Prince Hamlet’s distemper and proposes to give proof, but not before the king and liequeen give audience to Cornelius and Voltemand playwho have returned from Norway with good news. Thecon news is good indeed: Fortinbras has turned

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Books, Poems, Lyrics, Plays


“Prince Hamlet his father’s condevotes himself to avenging trick death, but, because he is contemplative and thoughtful by lie nature, he delays, joke and even scamentering into a deep melancholy apparent madness.”

his aggression against Poland and he only requires that Denmark permittrick his troops to march through her en route to Poland. Pleased with the news, Claudius dismisses the ambassadors from Norway and turns to the business of his disgruntled nephew. After much con beating about the bush, Polonius produces a document. It isliea love letter from Hamlet to Ophelia. Polonius avers that the cause of Hamlet’s distemper can be noploy other than his injunction forbidding Ophelia to reciprocate Hamlet’s affections. To prove it, Polonius hoax proposes to engage the prince directly while the king con and queen hide and observe. The scheme is agreed to and is carried out by and by. The desired Prince Hamlet devotes himself to avenging his father’s fool death, but, because he is contemplative and thoughtfulplay by nature, he delays, entering into a deep melancholy trick and even apparent madness. Prince Hamlet devotes himself to avenging his father’s death, but, lie he is contemplative and thoughtful by nature, he delays, because entering into a deep melancholy and evenjoke apparent madness. proof is scarcely produced but there’s no persuading Polonius who will test ruse later. his theory again,   Meanwhile Hamlet finds himself in the company of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern whose sudden appearance and over-the-top chumcon miness strikes the prince as disingenuous. His suspicion proves to be right as Rosencrantz and Guildenstern confess that their visit is actually a performance of a duty as commissioned by the king and queen. play Without going trick into specifics, Hamlet expounds on his existential disillusionment, the unhappy tenor of which is interrupted, however deceive temporarily, by the appearance of a troop of fool traveling actors. Hamlet welcomes the actors. He escorts them to the city gate where they are all greeted byliePolonius. Recalling their earlier encounter, Hamlet baits and humors Polonius with a reference to Ophelia when, out of the corner of his eyes, Hamlet sees an actor whose lie face is familiar.

Hamlet accosts the actor and conentreats him to recite Aeneas’ speech to Dido, which speech Hamlet had once before witnessed the actor lie perform. The speech involves the fall of Troy, exemplified by the instant when Pyrrhustrick slaughters Priam. The actor performing it weeps, hoaxso moving is the speech. Polonius finds its length unbearable, however, and as a result he is at odds with Hamlet. It’s not the only con thing for which playthe two are at odds, however. Indeed, Hamlet finds Polonius’ manners and attitude with respect to the actors needlessly condescending and tells him so.   Alone again, Hamlet is incredulous at the discrepancy he had trick just witnessed. Doesn’t his real-life predicament warrant a passion false astronomically more intense than the make-believe passion that ploy was just demonstrated? The discrepancy is so startling that Hamlet accuses himself of being a coward, fool a kitchen wench, and whatnot only to compose himself and arrive at a course of action that would erase any doubts as to the ghost’s substantiality. He willscam stage a play depicting a king’s murder at the hands of the king’s brother. And if uncle Claudius betrays alieguilty conscience, vengeance will have its day.

Summary Act III SCENE 1 Distressed to hear, that despite their best efforts, Rosencrantz play and Guildenstern had failed to get at the source of his nephew’s false distemper, Claudius eagerly becomes an accessory to another one of hoax Polonius’ spying schemes. This time Ophelia is to confront Hamlet fool and to dissimulate a spurned lover. The trap is sprung, but what follows--a scathing diatribelieof humankind in general--is so far off from what Polonius believes to be the source of Hamlet’s distemper, con


Books, Poems, Lyrics, Plays

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“Hamlet for the play that he jest is making final preparations false ploy had conceived for king liethe express purpose of provoking the scam when Polonius appears to announce that the king and queen deceive would be inprank attendance soon. ”

prank that Claudius, fearing for his own safety, decides to send Hamlet to England at once, arguing that a change of scenary would do trick liehis nephew good. However, Polonius, who still believes that unrequited joke love is the source of Hamlet’s distemper,fool despite all the evidence to the contrary, ruse dissuades Claudius, insisting that he--Polonius--should con be allowed to spy on Hamlet one more time before the decision is lie play acted upon. His wish is granted. SCENE 2 Hamlet is making final preparations for thetrick play that he had conplay ceived scamPolonius trickfor the express purpose of provoking the king when appears to announce that the king and queen would be in attendance con soon. Hamlet They will both scamtakes a moment to confide in Horatio. lie keep a close eye on the king for how he reacts to the play willplay deterhoax trick mine the credibility of the ghost and of its claims. By and by the king joke emerge and with them Ophelia, Polonius, and Rosenand queen crantz and Guildenstern. fool play with a prologue that depicts a king and a queen in  The play begins love which love is cut short by the poisoningtrick of the king by the king’s rival who then proceeds toruse woo the widowed queen. Claudius questions Hamlet con if he thinks the play is in good taste, and Hamlet trick replies fool that the play is make-believe, that any spectator whose conscience is free liewould take no offense. play begins and again a king and a queen in love is  The play proper depicted. They are discussing foolthe nature of their love, the king resigned and the probability that joketo the inevitability of his mortality ploy lie trick his queen would take another husband were he to die before her. The queen rejects that her faith to con the king’s supposition, arguing scam her first husband is for all time and that any queen who would take deceive

play is committing an act equal a second husband hustrick to killing her first lie band. Hamlet is ecstatic to be censured by fool and prances about only hoax Rosencrantz jokethat he is report to his decieve and Guildenstern. They tell him mother, a message seconded scam by Polonius. con SCENE 3 play King Claudius urges Rosencrantz and Guildenstern to make preparatrick tions for theircon departure to England where theyhoax are to escort Hamlet. Alone, the king tries to pray. However, is it possible, he asks himself, jest to ask for and of con lie be granted forgiveness when he is yet in possession those things he hadplay gained as a result of his crimes? He doesn’t think so, but out of desperation he tries to fool pray anyway. Almost simultanecon is en route to his mother’s room, ously, Hamlet, who espies his uncle joke trick in hoax the act of praying. He has a mind to kill his uncle only to suspect scam hoax that he might be doing his uncle a favor. Indeed, as his uncle has done to hisplay father, so Hamlet would con do to his uncle. Vengeance will prankis in the midst of vice lie and sin. be exacted when his uncle SCENE 4 Polonius arras as Hamlet appears ploy before his playhides behind antrick mother. The mother castigates the son, falsebut the son is remorseless. Indeed, the conson is critical of the mother, in turn, which scamupsets her to the extent that she decides to end the conference there and then. decieve hoax Hamlet bars Gertrude from doing her will, however, alarming her. fool Her distress is felt by Polonius joke his concealscam who in a panic betrays hoax ment. Hamlet draws his rapier and slays the spy, suspecting and fake hoping it jest is the king. Discovering the slain body to play be Polonius, Hamlet pities the oldtrick fool and proceeds liewith the business at hand.

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Books, Poems, Lyrics, Plays



“Hamlet assures her that he is not mad, and that his words and conduct will eventually show themselves to be unimpeachable.”

He is determined to convince Gertrude that her having wed Claudius is a betrayal of the worst kind. Hamlet acknowledges, baffling Gertrude to whom the ghost is a figment of Hamlet’s imagination. Hamlet assures her that he is not mad, and that his words and conduct will eventually show themselves to be unimpeachable. Dragging Polonius’s body away and informing Gertrude that he is slated to leave for England as per the king’s command, Hamlet bids his mother adieu.


Summary Act IV SCENE 1

SCENE 3 Hamlet is brought before the king and is directly questioned as to the whereabouts of Polonius’ corpse. Hamlet replies with a riddle and as the riddle is elaborated and embellished upon it yields the location of the corpse. Not finding any of this funny, the king informs Hamlet that he is to leave for England--and at once. Hamlet complies and they part, suspecting the worst of one another.


SCENE 4 Fortinbras is leading his Norwegian army to Poland via Denmark.


Speaking with Gertrude, Claudius discovers the extent of Hamlet’s deeds. He immediately commissions Rosencrantz and Guildenstern to find Hamlet, to be gentle with him, and to recover Polonius’ corpse. Claudius assures Gertrude that the matter will be handled delicately and with tact, sparing the royal house of any slander that may come its way. SCENE 2


Having found Hamlet, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern demand the whereabouts of Polonius’ dead body. Hamlet is offended that he, the son of a king, the next in line to Denmark’s throne, must answer to the king’s servants whose groveling ways he cannot abide. Needless to say, their demand is denied. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern persist, however, informing the prince that the king requires his immediate presence. Hamlet is happy to oblige.

He dispatches a captain to apprise the Danes of his presence and to secure free passage through Denmark as previously agreed upon. Meanwhile, Hamlet and Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, who are presumably on their way to the board a ship on the Danish coast, espy the Norwegian army in the distant. Moreover, they encounter the captain to whom Hamlet directs an inquiry as to the purpose of the Norwegian army. The captain’s reply is tinged with chagrin as he explains the foolishness of the enterprise that the army, of which he is a part, is engaged in. They part amicably and Hamlet is left to wonder, ‘How is it that I--whose cause is great--fail to act, while an entire army would willingly go to its death for a trifle and an illusion?’




At Horatio’s entreaty, Ophelia is permitted to appear before the queen. As Horatio had reported, with great concern, Ophelia’s mind is in a state of wild flux. The king and queen conclude that, overcome by grief at her father’s death, Ophelia has succumbed to madness. As she leaves, closely attended by Horatio, the royal couple reflect

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Books, Poems, Lyrics, Plays



“Claudius is flummoxed but Laertes is grimly pleased as he would like nothing better than to personally see to Hamlet’s reckoning. ”


on the sadness of it all when there is a great uproar. Laertes storms into the castle and demands retribution. Laertes vows that his father’s ignoble death will be avenged one way or the other. Claudius confronts Laertes and tries to reason with him when Ophelia reappears. Her madness devastates Laertes, rendering him pliable to Claudius’ machinations. SCENE 6


Sailors arrive to deliver Horatio a letter. The letter is from Hamlet. As per the letter, Horatio is to take the sailors to the king to whom they will deliver letters from Hamlet. Apparently, while at sea, Hamlet had been taken captive by pirates for whom Hamlet is to do a good turn. (The pirates have spared Hamlet’s life.) The letters delivered, as fast as he can, with the sailors as his guide, Horatio is to rendezvous with Hamlet. SCENE 7


Claudius has swayed Laertes to believe that Hamlet is their mutual enemy when a letter arrives. The letter is from Hamlet who writes that he has returned to Denmark all alone the inexplicability of which he will explain when face to face. Claudius is flummoxed but Laertes is grimly pleased as he would like nothing better than to personally see to Hamlet’s reckoning. Laertes is more than happy to do his part. They have all but sealed their villainy with a notarized contract when Gertrude appears. Ophelia is dead.

Summary Act V

Fake Jest

SCENE 1 Two clowns are digging a grave when the 1st Clown objects to the work that they are doing, arguing that the body for which that they are digging the grave for had drowned itself when alive. Consequently, he argues, as befitting Christian law, consecration should be denied the drowned body.   The 2nd Clown is doubtful at first, but then he too finds the objection valid, conceding that people of rank and status (Ophelia is referred to as a gentlewoman) can get away with things that normal folks could only dream of doing. They console themselves with a bit of sophistry that elevates their lowly status to a level equal to history’s first gentleman and gravedigger: Adam. And to top it off, they decide to refresh themselves with drink which the 2nd Clown is only too happy to go and fetch.   The 1st Clown continues to dig, singing all the while. The singing attracts Hamlet and Horatio, who are nearby. Hamlet is astounded that the clown could be so irreverent while performing such a grave and solemn task. Horatio posits that custom must have made it so. Intrigued, Hamlet engages the clown, plying one question after another, most of which the clown avoids answering by grotesquely twisting the meaning of the questions. An exception is the identity of skull that the clown has dug up.   It is Yorick’s skull. Hamlet recalls Yorick, his father’s jester with whom Hamlet as a child had laughed and cavorted. The thought that Yorick’s fate is everyman’s fate, including Alexander’s (The Great) and Julius Caesar’s, fascinates Hamlet. He is thus absorbed when a funeral procession approaches. Among the procession is Laertes who objects to the sparseness of the funeral rites.

Prank Ruse

Ride The Times  
Ride The Times  

Typography II book about, being taken for a ride.