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YAADI CULTURE, FIMI STYLE MAGAZINE Volume 1, Issue 6

November 2012

SPECIAL ISSUE


YAADI CULTURE, FIMI STYLE MAGAZINE

Table of

Contents

Features 3 4

5

“From a Bird’s view” Deidre Douglas

Ole time people did say Georgette McGlashen

Doctaz Advice Jason Bowen ,Sabrina Clarke and Alicia Swaby

6

Meet the team…

8

Fashion Tips

11

Benefits of aquaponics on food security Cordel Green

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YAADI CULTURE, FIMI STYLE MAGAZINE

“From a Bird’s view “ Deidre D. Douglas What has become our religion? “The

greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are treated.” Mahatma Gandhi

Just a few days ago, many were talking of the chastisement of our people because of the wickedness of a September to remember which is still evident in the minds of many. Some went as far as to say, collectively we deserve it, because the sighted (those with vision) have turned a blind eye at the stench of our conduct as a unit and allowed blind to lead us into ditches, trenches and gullies. And like an eagle in the eye of Sandy the super category 1 storm, I watched, I listened and now this bird has a whole lot to chirp away50 What is our influence? Where has the sweet Jamaica, that so many artistes of old sang of and numerous poets chanted, gone? Where is the land of wood and water, where, though the system was never proper, we had heart and soul and cared for women, children and old folks than about how quickly one can make a food off the scraps of a stolen vehicle or dare I say a cell phone? A preacher lady just last week was walking through the market place of downtown Kingston warning that the signs are more evident than ever, “If 2012 started out like any other year, by now we must realise it won’t end that way”. This I as a bird can say yay or nay of, because I was never privy to the Master’s travel itinerary. But it does sprinkle grain for me to peck about for a few moments. Just a few weeks has passed since the results of the last census have been revealed and what can I say, churches are losing congregation and churches are growing in population. This is nothing new in the religion business. Religious bodies are the places where the seekers go and if they do not find that which they seek, they move on. Humans are after all, social being, seeking support, comfort, entertainment, assurance and even some form of means to channel pent up emotions of all sorts. That is for many the same reason, hard working people party from Friday to Sunday, why unprepared couples end up as parents, and why so many deemed successful, drown their woes in alcohol and drugs. Everybody needs somebody and sometimes the god one is selling is bought faster than the God another is offering for free. *Cont’d on pg. 15


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YAADI CULTURE, FIMI STYLE MAGAZINE Ole Time People did say…by Georgette McGlashen

audience, family, fan that he knew was watching; and by extension the world. All those in Europe, Asia, North America, South America, Africa, Australia that appreciate and identify us by our language understood Write Jamaican Right and recognized ‘ dohn se notn’. But when it came to the upper middle class (some never see come see Jamaicans, they became afraid that we were not speaking English. st n Friday August 31 , 2012 history was The event boasted celebrities of the likes such as Patwa Dakta Professor Carolyn Cooper, created and recorded as Patwa Apparel, a Christopher ‘Johnny’ Daley, Professor Hudistributor of t-shirts with Jamaican expressions bert Devonish, GemSt:on, Heneka Watkis written on them and The Jamaican Language (CEO Patwa Apparel) and was hosted by Company, a consultant to writing Jamaican yours truly Georgette McGlashen. Important language in a standardized fashion, collaborated on to note is the cadre that comprised the having a launch for a limited collection of ‘Rait programme are majority affiliated with the Jamaican Rait’ shirts in celebration of Jamaica’s University of the West Indies, Mona. This is 50th anniversary as an independent nation. an ardent squad of advocates for the Jamaican language to be standardized. The launch came at a critical time, during

O

the London 2012 Olympic celebration of Jamaica’s medal haul and the unforgettable 1, 2, 3 in the men’s 200m. This is important in that Jamaica showcased its talent on the world stage. Anywhere in the world that knew about the Olympics now knows about Jamaica and the infamous Usain Bolt. But amidst all the celebration and excitement, someone somewhere in Jamaica became afraid that Jamaica is being showcased on the world stage and Patwa is going to raise its ugly head. But this is inevitable, isn’t it? Before every race ran by Bolt, he gestured patwa, he mimed patwa, he danced patwa to his Jamaican

Facts you should know: Jamaica, in 1688, was the first British colonial territory to establish a postal service.


YAADI CULTURE, FIMI STYLE MAGAZINE

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Doctaz Advice ...…..by Jason Bowen ,Sabrina Clarke and

Alicia

How can mono be prevented?

Since mono is spread from person to person, Medical News!!!! avoiding close personal contact with infected DID YOU KNOW? individuals and practicing excellent hygienic practices can help prevent transmission of the Infectious mononucleosis is an infection that virus. The fact that up to 90% of adults have spreads through saliva and is sometimes antibodies to EBV suggests that prevention of called "kissing disease." It is also known as the infection is difficult if not impossible. It is EBV infectious mononucleosis, Pfeiffer's not known why some people develop the disease, Filatov's disease, glandular fever or symptoms of mono while others appear to acquire the EBV without producing symptoms simply mono in North America.

It is a viral disease caused by the Epstein– Barr virus (EBV), one type of herpes virus, to which more than 90% of adults have been exposed. Symptoms of infectious mononucleosis include:   

Fever Sore throat Swollen lymph glands

Treatment of mono In most cases of mono, no specific treatment is necessary. For the most part, supportive or comfort measures are all that is necessary. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) can be given for fever and any headache or body aches. A sufficient amount of sleep and rest is important.

Occasionally, the symptoms can recur at a later period. Rare complications include swelling of the spleen.

Contd on pg. 8


YAADI CULTURE, FIMI STYLE MAGAZINE

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Founder and Editor—in—Chief I CTs and its inclus ion i n the Jam aica Education Sys tem Cont’d fr om pg. 2

cont’d f rom page 2

Adrian St. St. P. P. Duncan Duncan Adrian Is currently a Master of Arts graduate of the Department of Library and Information Studies at the University of the West Indies, Mona. He is a technocrat and possesses a plethora of knowledge in the areas of Information Technology, Information and Communications Technologies (ICT), Web and Digital Library / Database Creation as well as graphic designing.

Altruistic, energetic, hardworking, determined and focused – driven are just a few words that describes his charming, friendly and heart-warming personality.

As the Founder and Editor – in – Chief of Yaadi Culture, Fimi Style Magazine, he believes in the intellectual development of all Jamaican citizens. This will ultimately foster a more intellectually empowered Jamaica, allowing citizens to make more responsible and informed decisions. As a result, he conceptualized a charity for inner city youths promoting literacy and donating back to school items as well as hosting seminars exposing them to a wide array of career opportunities. Currently he is a digital library designer for the Department of Geography and Geology located on the University of the West Indies, Mona.

Meet the team…


YAADI CULTURE, FIMI STYLE MAGAZINE

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Doctaz Advice ...…..by Jason Bowen ,Sabrina Clarke, and Alicia Swaby Causes Mononucleosis is usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). While other viruses can cause mono-like symptoms, EBV is generally thought to be the virus which causes mononucleosis. Found mainly in saliva and mucus, EBV is passed most efficiently from person-to-person by intimate behavior, such as kissing.

Cont’d from pg. 7

Risk Factors A risk factor is something that increases your chance of getting a disease or condition. Many people contract EBV during their lifetime. Risk factors that increase the likelihood that EBV will develop into mononucleosis include:  Contracting EBV after the age of 10  Lowered immune resistance, due to other illness, stress, or fatigue

Symptoms Signs of mononucleosis usually begin about 4-7 weeks after you were exposed to the virus. The initial symptoms may be a sense of general malaise that lasts about a week. This is followed by a set of signs and symptoms that may include:  Fever  Swollen lymph nodes  Sore throat  Fatigue  Loss of appetite

Prevention Most people contract the EBV virus sometime during their lives. Prevention is geared toward decreasing the likelihood that EBV will develop into mononucleosis. Follow these guidelines to decrease your risk: Avoid intimate contact (especially kissing) with anyone who has active mononucleosis. Eat a healthful diet .  Avoid excess stress.  Get enough rest.

*One episode of mononucleosis usually produces permanent immunity.

Diagnosis Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history, and perform a physical exam. Diagnosis is based on:  Your age  Four primary symptoms:  Fever  Swollen lymph nodes  Sore throat  Fatigue Two primary tests:  Blood tests and "mono spot" tests Throat culture (to check for strep throat , which can complicate mono)


YAADI CULTURE, FIMI STYLE MAGAZINE

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Fashion Tips

The Jamaican society has grown and evolved over the years and so as the different characteristics that make us uniquely Jamaican. The Jamaican fashion industry is also not to be outdone in terms of dynamics as it has progressed and developed over the years in line with keeping a prevailing sense of style and customary mode of dress. Jamaicans are no doubt trend setters in any given field they are seen and with the strong influence of our Reggae music, and success in athleticism, we are definitely among the best in the world with our strong Jamaican fashion. The Jamaican society and by extension the Caribbean at large has been greatly influenced by our rich history of slavery and colonialism. One may consider our history to be one of great turmoil and despair but through our hardships we have developed as a people achieving independence through being able to have our own outlook as to what it is that we want for ourselves. From our Colonial masters we saw greater manipulation of garments in a bid to provide shape and posture, to their women and even a bit of a backbone to their men. The styles of fashion brought about by the Europeans saw the clothes doing a lot more to enhance the body than is the case with African clothing, which has to be showcased by the body itself. European clothing usually consisted of many layers a signature style yes but also as a means of combating the weather conditions in Europe which were very different than those on the African continent.


YAADI CULTURE, FIMI STYLE MAGAZINE

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“From a Bird’s view “ Deidre D. Douglas A very diligent writer, Deidre is always aiming at the sense of humor and wit of her readers. She creates easy reads for her readers who tend to have a barrage of requests about what is to come next. An entrepreneur under construction, there is always more to see and hear than what meets the eye when it comes to this freelancer. A definite homebody, with a preference for a bit of night-life, the fun-loving “bird” loves to also sleep, read and get lost in her kitchen. If she can’t be found in the confines of her personal space she may be in the presence of either of her younger big brothers or by the nearest water body. Her pet peeves are annoying people, dishonesty, and noise. One of her favorite philosophies, “If I can’t give a task my best, it makes no sense I give it anything”. One of her many ambitions, “To write until I die! J”. A quote from Deidre about herself… “There is nothing I love more than love, I love to love and to witness love. Love makes me happy, keeps me young and keeps my mind off the weight of the world. So when you see me smiling just ask, “Dee, who is the lucky person today?”

Meet the team…


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YAADI CULTURE, FIMI STYLE MAGAZINE “Ole Time people did say”

Georgette McGlashen ... currently holds a B.A. in Entertainment and Cultural Enterprise Management. She has been with the Jamaican Language Unit in the Department of Language, Linguistic and Philosophy for over 4 years. She has worked on several Jamaican Language projects including the Bilingual Education Programme, Language Attitude and Language Competence surveys in Jamaican language. During that time she taught herself the Cassidy JLU-Writing system and has done translation for the Jamaica Association for the Deaf, Bible Society of the West Indies “Patwa Baibl”,“Miss Gillibanks Seh” book of proverbs and Zoolook "Dread and Alive' comics. Georgette has also done proofreading and recording with the Bible Society of the West Indies for the translation of the Bible to Jamaican. Currently she is pursuing an M.Phil. in Cultural Studies focusing on Jamaican music: The relationship between badness and Jamaican popular music, reggae and dancehall. Email: georgettemcglashen@gmail.com

Meet the team…


YAADI CULTURE, FIMI STYLE MAGAZINE

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Benefits of aquaponics on food security By Cordel Green “It is a myth that world hunger is due to scarcity of food� (Knight, 1998). Many persons, like Knight, believe that world hunger is not due to the scarcity of food; however, there is a general understanding that the world is becoming overpopulated and that the demand for safe and reliable food has increased. This increased population has become detrimental to our food security, which is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as having all people at all times accessing food for an active and healthy life (WHO, 1996). As a result, a solution needs to be conceptualized in order to solve this problem. This can be achieved through the use of aquaponics; which refers to the combination of hydroponics and aquaculture in a system that is connected to each other. Hydroponics, however, refers to the use of water and fertilizers for plant growth. The benefits of aquaponics on food security are that crops have shorter growth periods, it is less expensive for food production and more food can be produced on a single land space. With the use of aquaponics crops now have shorter growth period. Since water is the necessity of life, there must be a constant supply in order for an effective food production to take place. With aquaponics, water is placed in a fish tank, some is pumped into the hydroponics unit and then returned to the fish tank from the plants (via evaporation); allowing for a cyclical process to be developed. This cyclical process, therefore allows for the plants to be in constant supply of water, especially in areas of hot climates where the possibility of drought exists. Subsequently, photosynthesis will be increased allowing for food production to take place at a more faster and efficient rate.

Eventually, this shorter growth period will allow for an increase food supply at a faster rate, which ultimately aids in fostering a more efficient and effective food security system. Furthermore, providing plants with nutrients plays an important role in decreasing their growth period. With aquaponics plants are constantly receiving nutrients generated from fish’s waste (Jorgensen et al, 2009). Since fish have to undergo their normal metabolic processes and continuous excretion, plants are always in continuous supply of nutrients. Nutrients allow for an effective production of food as they are involved in the different metabolic cycles of the plants; for example the nitrogen cycle, as fish waste contains nitrogen which goes through the nitrogen cycle to produce nitrates, which increases plant growth and allows for development.


YAADI CULTURE, FIMI STYLE MAGAZINE

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Shanae Bennett

C

urrently studying Journalism at the University of the West Indies, Mona, she is grasping tight on to her second passion for dancing and the study of psychology. She also took an interest in acting during the latter portion of her life. Shanae Bennett was born in Jamaica on August 28, 1992. Modeling and writing has always been her passion but she adores nature and the important things that life has to offer. Shanae has an outgoing and warm personality and embraces everyone around her.

She loves to try new culinary dishes, has an eye for good fashion and enjoys the company of others. With a determined and persuasive persona, Shanae hopes to one day advocate against child abuse and start her own charitable organization for the support of various issues.

Meet the team‌


YAADI CULTURE, FIMI STYLE MAGAZINE

Doctaz Advice Jason Bowen - is a second year students in the Faculty Medical Sciences (MBBS). He is a jovial and free spirited individual who lives by the philosophy “liberate self in order to liberate others” and enjoy talking with friends, reading philosophical and religious books. He knows that by controlling his fears and working relentless nothing is impossible.

Sabrina Clarke – is a second year Medical Sciences student at the University of the West Indies who lives by the philosophy that, achievement, no matter how great, are meaningless unless they are used to make the lives of others better. She is a hard working, determined and motivationally-driven individual, who enjoys art and spending time with family and friends. Over the years she has come to realization that it is her main purpose is to serve others, to use her fortunes, opportunities and achievements to improve the lives of others. She therefore work as hard as possible to be the most competent at whatever she does so that she can help others to the best of her ability.

Alicia Swaby - is a second year student enrolled in the Faculty of Medical Sciences (MBBS). She is a very passionate and conscientious young lady with a sincere love for people. She hopes to one day impact the lives of others through her profession and philanthropic projects she is planning to initiate. She is determined to become a very successful Cardiologist against all challenges and she knows she will be successful with God as her guide.

Meet the team…

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YAADI CULTURE, FIMI STYLE MAGAZINE

Benefits ofof aquaponics aquaponics on on food food security security Benefits By Cordel Green

Aquaponics also provides a more cost effective way to increase food production. It is generally expensive to manufacture artificial fertilizers as this requires the use of gasoline (Jorgensen et al, 2009) and it is well known that gasoline has become expensive and there will soon be a time when its supply will be depleted. Taking this into consideration, aquaponics provides a cost effective way in which plants may be provided with nutrients without having to use artificial fertilizers. Rather, fish waste is being used, because generating fish waste does not require the use of gasoline or any other expensive technique. All that is required is fish feed which is a cheap entity that can be acquired easily at several locations. In addition to this the problem of environmental pollution can be significantly reduced due to the fact that no fossil energy is required and as such the risk for air pollution is also minimized. Added to that, the amount of fish waste entering water sources will be greatly reduced, ultimately decreasing water pollution as well as the cost for correcting clogged drains and polluted water ways due to the entry of fish waste. To make aquaponics even less costly, renewable energy sources are used to provide electricity and to sustain the different pumps used in the system (Appleton, 2011). Presently, fossil fuel is the primary source of energy in many parts of the world today but, aquaponics uses different forms of renewable energy that are less expensive. These renewable energy sources do not require the use of expensive fossil as they use different methods to extract energy. These energies that are generated are then used to support the pump that provides the plants with water, provide plants with heat (which aids in plant growth) and to provide electricity. Renewable energy sources that have proven to work include geothermal (energy generated from the earth’s natural temperature), solar energy (energy generated from the sun) and rocket heaters (heat generated from wood-burning stove).


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Benefits of aquaponics on food security The materials used for setting up the aquaponics system have also proven to be cost effective, most of which can be purchased at local hardware stores where they are easily accessible and not very expensive. Two examples are ply board (used to set the base for the aquaponics unit) and PVC pipe (used for connecting the water pump to the fish tank and plants). With the use of aquaponics more food can be produced on a single land space. With the increase in population, the demand for land space is greater thus, land available for agricultural production becomes limited (Appleton, 2012). Aquaponics therefore seeks to reduce the use of large land spaces by using small greenhouses that can be placed in the back yard and rooftops. These small greenhouses can accommodate a variety of crops and an enormous amount of crop can still be produced in one greenhouse.

In order to efficiently provide food at the rapid rate at which the population is growing, new agricultural interventions have to be conceptualized. Aquaponics is the most effective method than can be used in societies where there are limited jobs available, limited land space, poor economies and less available fresh and reliable food. This sufficient and advanced method of farming provides all the necessary characteristics to address the world’s current agricultural crisis.

By Cordel Green


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“From a Bird’s view “ Deidre D. Douglas

*Cont’d from pg. 3

So we, as a nation before God and all mankind, have so many lost people in our society, who are just dying for a bit of guidance and structure. Some whose trust has ran out and are therefore just going with the tides of whatever the times are, soon to find themselves left out in the desperate cold. When will primary school Social Studies and Religious Education lessons kick in and wake us up? When will we understand what intellects graduating by the hundreds each year tell us? Every single body needs structure. Clubs, schools, jobs, businesses, homes, and persons, all need a guiding head, with seeing eyes and listening ears complemented by a thinking brain. So while our entire country runs about like a coop of headless chickens, with dwindling morals and organization, the leaders really seem as if they are blind, deaf, and some even dead. From one to all, no matter which area of life we look into at present, money has become a defining factor, not love, not morals, not any greater good. And everyone is thinking how to get a little bit more. And the influence creates a domino effect, with the final wave crashing on those with the least resources being the ones to be left washed up on the shores.

Who will teach your children how to be adults if the present day adults are yet to find out? Who will school those who want to one day be parents if their parents do not yet know? “Pay no mind to the youths, it’s not as if the future depends on it,” Junior Gong, Sabali. Every nightly news is a brew for those who haven’t grown numb to have tormented sleep. This is where this island in the sun seems to have gone, and still going. I however believe I have at least part of the secret solution. “Heights of great men reach and kept, were not attained by sudden flight, there while their companion slept, they were toiling upward in the night”. And until we meet again remember, “Only a life lived for others is a life worthwhile,” Albert Einstein.


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“Vegetarian delicious” is now very easy

Vegetarian diet diet:: How to get the best nutrition. A well-planned vegetarian diet can meet the needs of people of all ages, including children, teenagers, and pregnant or breast-feeding women. The key is to be aware of your nutritional needs so that you plan a diet that meets them. Types of vegetarian diets When people think about a vegetarian diet, they typically think about a diet that doesn't include meat, poultry or fish. But vegetarian diets vary in what foods they include and exclude: 

Lacto-vegetarian diets exclude meat, fish, poultry and eggs, as well as foods that contain them. Dairy products, such as milk, cheese, yogurt and butter, are included.

Lacto-ovo vegetarian diets exclude meat, fish and poultry, but allow dairy products and eggs.

Ovo-vegetarian diets exclude meat, poultry, seafood and dairy products, but allow eggs.

Vegan diets exclude meat, poultry, fish, eggs and dairy products — and foods that contain these products. Some people follow a semi vegetarian diet — also called a flexitarian diet — which is primarily a plant-based diet but includes meat, dairy, eggs, poultry and fish on occasion or in small quantities.


A life is not worth living, if not lived for others‌. Yaadi Charity.


Yaadi Culture, Fimi Style Magazine  

November Special Issue, new look, more interactive, still informative. Postulations for Jamaicans and Jamaica's development.

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