XIAOYONG portfolio TINA CHENG
INDEX WALL MARKET
A PIAZZA NEAR THE RIVER
Indian cultural institute
Culinary Institute in Savannah
HELLO- HIGH, LOW, THE PROGRAM HYBRID THE WALKING FACADE THE COMPOSITION WEAVING THE LANDSCAPE THE PERFORATED SPACE CONSTRUTCION OF OBJECTS PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE OTHER INTEREST
Work done in externhsip
Painting, animation and web design
WALL MARKET PUBLIC SPACE IN MANRESA, SPAIN
Instructor: Nana Last & Charlie Meneffee Keywords: Spain, architecture and landscape architecture Date: 2014 Spring
The city Manresa has its significance in being the destination of Camino de Ignatius. Jesuit pilgrims will walk through the 28 days journey, arriving at the city. The project is to create the journey. It is a path goes between the thickened walls through the inside market and outside market and then brings people up to La Cova. It is a public space that reminds people of the collective memory of the city and triggers the flow of information. In the day time, peole can wander around the old wall park, outdoor market, planting terrace. In the night time, there are classrooms, workshops, indoor maket and projections along the walls. The design integrates the existing condition of the site and negotiate the complicated topography of the site.
216 WALL MARKET
224 221 218 216 210 208 205
La Cova level
Old path level Terrace Level Bridge level
ARRIVE 11:00AM 24 METERS, 17 METERS ONCE ARROVED. WE ARE WELCOMED BY THE OLD WALL PARK, FOWER SHOP AND CAFE. A NEW JOURNEY STARTS.
REST 12:00PM 10 METERS, 17 METERS WE FEEL HUNGRY AND EXHAUSTED. IT IS MAYBE A GOOD IDEA TO TAKE A BREAK.
WONDER 1:00 PM 10 METERS WE WANDERED AROUND THE OUTDOOR MARKET, TALKING TO OTHER PEOPLE AND MADE SOME NEW FRIENDS.
EXPLORE 3:00 PM 6 METERS THE CITY IS BEAUTIFUL, ALONG THE EXTENDING WALLS, THE CITY IS UNROLLED IN FRONT OF US.
TOP 5:00 PM 4 METERS AT THE SUNSET, WE VISITED LACOVA AND THE BACK GARDEN. SPEAKER
EXISTING AND CONSTRUCTED
OUTDOOR THEATRE OLD WALL PARK
WATER FOUNTAIN PARKING PLANTING TERRACE
MARKET 7:00 PM THE INDOOR MARKET HAS ALL KINDS OF STUFF WE NEED, APPLES, ORANGES AND BURGERS. SOME OF US GO TO THE TOP FLOOR TO EAT AND PRAY, SOME OF US WENT BACK TO DORMS.
PROJECTION 9:00 PM IN THE NIGHT, THE WALL BECOME PROJECTION SURFACES THAT CONNECTS THE PATH TOGETHER.
A PIAZZA NEAR THE RIVER Relearning the spirits of Manresa, Spain
Instructor: Margarita Jover Keywords: Spain, urban scale Date: 2013 Fall
In the book architecture of the city, Aldo Rossi talks about the collective memory of the city. The city is understood not only as a series of buildings, but also as events that hold personal life and memory together. A city has its own spirits. The form or function of the building should be considered in the bigger frame, which is its effect to peopleâ€™s lives and the cityâ€™s spirits. The city of Manresa, Spain, is a city with lost and separated spirits. It is about 1-hour train north of Barcelona. The old city zone is disconnected with the river front. As a city attached to the history of Jesuit Order, which is one of the largest order within the Catholic church, the spirit of this religion is lost because the isolated condition of its architecture. The project is to address this problem by uniting the public with the existing monuments of the city through providing a public space. The public space will work as a stage, living room, classroom for the citizens and visitors. The spirits of the religion and the city will be relearned through the activities provided for the public.
WALL - INFRASTRUCTURE
TRAFFIC - TERRACES
PROCESS The existing condition of the site offers a lot of challenges for creating connections. First, the traffic is blocking the river and the old city. The river front is not walkable. Secondly, the monuments are all on the existing rock walls which are not accessible. Based on the site conditions, the strategy is to thicken the existing rock walls and make it infrastructure that can provide connection and program and move the traffic to create an piazza for civic life, which can connect the public with the spiritual part of the city. Thus spirits of the city can be revived through the union of people.
Public space network in Manresa
Establish the central plaza
Step 2 â€œTerraceâ€? it based on the topo
Step 3 Bring back the old canal experience
Step 4 Plan for programs
Step 5 Build connections
HELLO- HIGH, LOW, THE PROGRAM HYBRID Revive the riverfront of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Instructor: Matthew Jull Keywords: program, hybrid Date: 2012 Fall The site is at the riverfront of Philadelphia. The project is generated by its unique site condition and the programmatic needs. More than 10 types of programs, including offices, performance space, childrenâ€™s center, art workshop, market are going to be inserted into the site to revive the isolated riverfront where the Benjamin bridge and I-95 highway intersects. The challenges are the isolated condition of the site and the combination of separated but also related programs. A blunt, straightforward architectural solution is adopted by creating a higher tower responding to the bridge and lower public space connecting to the residential area.
Childrenâ€™s world 5 classrooms Administration( Offic5000 es+lounge+Kitchen+WC) Meeting and lounge Restaurant 4500 Listening, views, games room 2000 Cafe Bathrooms 3000 Screening Room 2500 2000 1000 4000
Meeting and lounge 4500 Cafe 2000 Restaurant 3000 Bookstore 1000 Screening Room 4000
music,video, recording studio 1000 Art studio (2) 2000
Apartments 50-70 600-1200sf 60000
Circulation, mechanical 38500
Parking space (200 spaces) 36000 sq ft
Bookstore 1000 Swimming pool 4000sf Multi-purpose hall/theatre 4000 Teaching,group work and meeting spaces (8) 4000
Workshop Kitchen 2000 2000 Market/Outdoor Sports 10000
Outdoor Public Space 20000
EXPLORATION Iterations are used to test the ideas. By using the foam blocks, the spatial and programmatic relationship between different blocks can be explored. Ideas are further developed by making collages.
PROGRAM Programs are organized rationally based on the site condition. The tower, with proximity to the bridges, is used as offices, where the traffic of the city, symbolize property and city, are treated as a special view from the window. The dark space overshadowed by the bridge is used as the parking lot. The performance space is a box located in the center which becomes the center of attention. The childrenâ€™s center serves the nearby residential spaces. Overall, boxes are used not only for the function of containing program but also as a symbolic form by which urban density is represented and celebrated.
EXHIBIITON CAFE STORE
4th, 5th floor
6th, 7th floor
THE WALKING FACADE Creating theatrical public urban space
Instructor: Phoebe Crisman Keywords: Indian, culture, New York, high line Date: 2012 Spring
The task of creating an Indian cultural institute in New York deals with not only with the New York as the site, which is an international city with all groups of people, but also the identification of the subject, which is Indian culture. This project challenges the traditional way of exhibition, which is simple display of objects, aiming to create experience that is more engaging. A walking facade is proposed that is based on the urban walking condition of New York and India. The walking experience is not defined by the artifacts but the facade and walls of the building, which have sound, light and smell by using interactive multimedia technology. The facade is a similar metaphor to the high line nearby, which provides another theatrical frame to look at the city of New York. At the same time, the facade overlaps the Indian images and sound with New York and combines them in its own way.
SITE The site is at Chelsea district, New York, right near the high line, with a tiny size, which is 25ft by 100 ft. High line as the nonnegligible element of the site is a new type of urban park transformed from old railways. It provides New Yorkers a new way of looking at the city and park. Its elevated surface creates the urban theatrical moment where the city itself become the key subject. The similarity of high line with Indian step well, which also has elongated and elevated walkway, is very instructive.
Chelsea arts tower
Brick Gas station
Market Jim kempner Fine Arts
Step well, India
HIGH LINE LINEAR ELEVATED
TRADITIONAL PUBLIC SPACE SPREAD CIRCULATION
STEP WELL ISOLATED VERTICAL
GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM CURVILINEAR VERTICAL
The form of the facade comes from Indian Sari, which has different material of layers overlapping each other. Between the facades stair is like a snake that is first visible to the outside and then weave inside and become invisible, appear and disappear again.
PAINTINGS LIGHT SOUND GLASS WINDOW LED SCREEN
CONCEPT Thresholds are created at the in-between space by the wrapping of the outside and inside facade.
Precast Concrete Metal Panel Glazing Heavy Timber Column Steel column
Entrance, looking at high line
Plans, 2nd floor to 5th floor
High line side
THE COMPOSITION Culinary Institute in Savannah
Instructor: Peter Waldman Keywords: composition, Savannah, Piet Mondrian Date: 2012 Spring
This project is to design a culinary institute in Savannah, River Street. River Street is located at the north part of the city. It used to be filled with warehouses that store the goods transported from the river. Now it is a famous tourist destination full of restaurants and gift stores. The site is at an intersection. The north part of the site is the river street and the river. The south is higher level pathways and landscape. The back of the buildings are higher and lower level pathways. Old cobble stone streets and steel bridges connect different levels. A slope street at the east connects the higher landscape and the lower street. The culinary institute will combine eating, cooking, learning and living. The inspiration of the project is the composition painting by Piet Mondrian and Maison de Verre. The composition of the grid is not only used in the facade but also in the space composition, where programs are organized. The area of feasting, preparing, learning and living are arranged in 3 zones along the slope street. The private chefâ€™s bedrooms are at the back, near the park. The kitchens are in the middle and the dining area is near the street.
Savannah city grid
SAVANN RIVER S
living and learning WINE CELLAR BAR
Circulation system STAFF PUBLIC
Circulation diagram There are two types of circulation, one of which is private and another one is public. Views are provided along the circulation KITCHEN at each floor.
rency ( 70
The structure composition forms the composition of the circulation and light. The circulation is designed to maximize the interaction between the users and the experience of the space. There is a vertical opening penetrating each floor allowing natural light and ventilation. The circulation zone surrounds the vertical void, which provides visibility to every room. The goal is to reveal the space where a discourse on food making and preparing can be exhibited.
72 Day room
Candlestick maker’s room
FEASTING Roof dining
WEAVING THE LANDSCAPE Concept design in Charlottesville, VA
Instructor: Robin Dripps Keywords: connect, parametric, ground Date: 2011 Fall Connecting is the task of this project. The site is in Belmont, Charlottesville, which is a vacant yard that is cut in the middle by a railroad. The answer here is to frame a series of logic that is established based on the site constraints. Parametric tool is used in the design process which has the ability to create dynamic forms that are restricted to existing constraints.
THE PERFORATED SPACE Design development
Instructor: Charlie Menefee
Keywords: detail, brick, Revit Date: 2013 Spring This project is the exploration of the detail of a brick wall in creating special spatial experience. The site has four 35â€™ surrounding walls. To get the desired lighting condition, the strategy is to use a south facing wall to reflect light to the central courtyard. The south-facing wall is specifically designed with brick and glass block, allowing light to come in. Revit is used in developing the detail of the design. Ecotect is used to test the iluminance of every room.
CONCEPT The light condition is designed in relation to the material. The south side wall of the gallery is inserted with glass block to allow the penetration of the light. At the north side, only a small gap at the gallery space to create even, distributed light. While at the second floor, big window are created for the office rooms.
Gutter Sheet metal roof, standing seam Galvanized 0.4” studded mat 0.7” MDF panel, waterproof 3” thermal insulation 0.7” gypsum board, painted finish
Brick work in regular stretcher 2” mortal filling Steel hoops Ventilated cavity Vapor barrier Insulation Gypsum board, painted finish Weep-holes Flashing Suspended ceiling, with indirect light Aluminum window, with insulating glazing, laminated safety glass 2 by 0.2 inch + cavity 0.4 inch + laminated safety glass 2 by 0.3 inch Internal window sill, zinc sheet Heating pipes Finish flooring over rigid insulation Expanded joint Premolded filler and sealant at expansion joint Subsoil drainage system
4â€? colored glass brick with aluminum coating Light inside Glass block with steel channel anchored to brick Allow for deflection 3/8 â€œ minimum expansion strip Backer rod and sealant Glazing with aluminum frame
CONSTRUCTION OF OBJECTS Design research project
Instructor: Matthew Jull Keywords: design research Date: 2013 Fall
The construction and objects have its fundamental meanings. Objects here are things with past memory and history. Learning from the art world, where the objects can connect meanings from all other disciplines, I propose construction method/ process can be the signifier, which can cause social, political, emotional changes at a place. The process is where things can happen. Especially for a site like Tibet, where the conflicts between different values and identities are strong, the actions of construction can not be ignored. By designing the whole construction process and paying attention to its meaning (connection), (which is like the process of writing and reading), I hope to deliver a narrative that can connect to the people in Tibet and help them to find their individual identity. Physically being a school, the narrative will keep growing and become an important part of the cityâ€™s memory.
BASIC FRAMEWORK The first part of the book explains the title â€œthe construction of objectsâ€?, which is presented as a theory of design method that stems from the meaning of construction method. Case studies, different fundamental ways to construct, from traditional to modern, vernacular to international, are researched to deepen the understanding of the construction process.
The second part of the book talks about the design principles, methods, experiments and narratives, trying to establish a narrative method related to the construction process. The narratives are analysis of projects using the narrative structure. And the experiments are ideas originated from the narratives.
CASE STUDY AND SITE ANALYSIS
The third part is to lay out the necessities of schools and its construction method. The last part of the book is to look at Tibet and its capital Lhasa, where the site is, not only as a place with unique landscape, climate, culture, but also a narrative written by the people, objects, construction practices and past memories that are on site.
PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE The two-week design workshop in Perskins Eastman, New York focused on the preconcept design based on the clientsâ€™ criteria. The process consist of the generation of idea, testing communication with co-workers, clients, the construction of rhino model using grasshopper and the production of site plan and diagrams.
Modeled by me, Rendered by the other group member