Page 1


이 책의 차례

CONTENTS

PART 1

유형편

Chapter 01

글의 목적·필자의 주장

8

Chapter 02

글의 주제

12

Chapter 03

글의 제목

16

Chapter 04

글의 요지

20

Chapter 05

어법

24

Chapter 06

어휘

28

Chapter 07

지칭 추론

32

Chapter 08

실용문

36

Chapter 09

도표

40

Chapter 10

세부 내용 파악

44

Chapter 11

빈칸 추론 (1)

48

Chapter 12

빈칸 추론 (2)

52

Chapter 13

연결사 추론

56

Chapter 14

심경·분위기

60

Chapter 15

무관한 문장 파악

64

Chapter 16

글의 순서 파악

68

Chapter 17

문장 삽입

72

Chapter 18

요약문 완성

76

Chapter 19

장문의 이해 (1) - 1지문 2문항

80

Chapter 20

장문의 이해 (2) - 1지문 3문항

84


w w w . e b s i . c o . k r

PART 2

정답과 해설

실전편 실전 모의고사 1회

90

실전 모의고사 2회

107

실전 모의고사 3회

124

실전 모의고사 4회

141

실전 모의고사 5회

158


이 책의 구성과 특징

STRUCTURE

PART 1 총

유형편

20개의 유형별 강좌를 통해 실제 수능 독해에 자주 출제되는 유형을 소개하고 그 전략적 해법을 제시하여

수능 시험에 효율적으로 대비할 수 있도록 하였고, 다양한 난이도의 유형별 문항을 순차적으로 풀어 볼 수 있 도록 구성함으로써

2017학년도 대학수학능력시험을 준비하는 수험생들의 수능 영어 독해에 대한 적응력을

기르도록 하였다.

수능 독해 유형을 다 모았다!

CHAPTER

01

2017학년도 대학수학능력시험 독해 유형으로 출

글의 목적•필자의 주장 도입부에서 글의 유형, 글을 쓴 전개되는 대상, 글의 과정에서 소재 또는 주된 소제 후반부에 논제가 무엇인 또는 논제에 제시된 정보를 지 파악한 대해 드러난 통해 파악된 다. 필자의 의도나 필자의 의도나 주장을 파악한 주장이 정확한 다. 지 확인한 다.

● 글이 ● 글의

기고문 등이 주로 사용된다.

Let’s So lve

제될 가능성이 있는 모든 대표 유형을 총망라해

Let’s Check It

Let’s Check It Out

STEP 1

Out을 이용해 강별로 소개

6049-0001

모금 운동 STEP 2

To Our Employees,

제시함으로써 기본적인 문제 해결 능력을 갖출

Voluntee

8

대해 필자의

통해 앞에서

rs can sign

필자가 글을

Vocabu

뒤에

파악한 의도나

io 방송국의

연례

모금 운동

행사를 주장이 정확한 up ~, We 지 다시 쓴 목적 will grea 한 번 파악한 이 자원 tly appr 봉사자 다. eciate you 모집 안내 r particip 라는 것을 ation ~ 다시 한 등의 후반 번 확인 할 수 있다 부 정보 를 통해 .

iew

 telephone

 work

drive 모금 운동

 sign

line 전화선로

the phone 전화에 응답하다

up for ~을 신청하다

 human

resources department 인사부

 register 신청하다, 등록하다

빈칸에 알맞

은 말을 1. All inco Vocabula me from ry in Con text에서 the (the activ 찾아 쓰 ity of colle will be cting mon donated 2. The Answer ey for a reading to the UNI & Translat specific club will CEF. ion 1. fund the libra purpose) be hos raisi ry July ting thei 수입은 유니세 ng | 그 모금에 21. 서 오는 (happen r 프에 기부될 모든 ing or app 적을 위해 것이다. 돈을 모으는 (특정한 reading earing 목 3. The 활동) 2. annu once a contest governm year; year in 서관에 al | 그 독서 클럽은 ent ann ly) 서 그들의 7월 21일에 waste ounced 연례 독서 도 것이다 a plan . (일 년에 대회를 개최할 to build (rooms, 한 번 발생하 . 3. facility equipm the wor 거나 나타나 | 정부는 ent, or ld’s 는) 기물 세계에 largest 처리 시설을 services 서 가장 4. Mr. Coll 큰 핵폐 nuclear 건설하는 that are (특정한 ins was 계획을 공표했 목적을 위해 provided appoint (one of 다. 제공되 는 서비스 for a part ed as the 는 공간, the sect ) icular purp 장비, 또 new man ions in 4. depa universit ose) an orga ager of rtment | y) nization the sale 의 새로운 Collins 씨는 영업부 s such as 관리자로 5. The 서 임명되었다. 또는 대학과 a governm program . (정부, 회사, 같은 조직 ent, busi is a key 내의 부서 5. drive standard ness, or part of | 그 프로그 중 하나) s of hea the gov 시키기 램은 건강 lth. 위한 정부 (an orga ernment’ 기준을 향상 캠페인의 nized effo (어떤 것을 s 핵심 부분이 성취하기 rt by a 다. 위한 특정 화된 노력) group of to improve 집단의 people 조직 to achieve somethi ng)

EBS 수능완성 영어

Chapter

유형별로 다양한 난이도에 적응하자!

01 글의

목적•필자의 주장

9

www.ebsi .co.kr 정답과 해설 2쪽

01

6049-0002

다음 글의 목적으로 가장 적절한 것은?

각 유형의 문제들을

Public Rad

의도나 주장이

lary Rev

괄호 안의 영영 풀이 를 참고 시오. 하여

 annual 연례의  fundraising

소제나 논제에

rs of ~ 무엇인지 working 응답 자원 파악한다. the pho 봉사 안내 ne을 통해 라는 것을 이 편지 알 수 있다 의 목적 글의 후반부 . 은 방송 국의 연례 정보를

STEP 3

Sincerely, Melissa Pearl

 facility 시설

Strategie s 대상을 파악한

글의 소재를 는 회사 파악한다. 관계자가 후원에 직원들에 관한 내용 게 보내 을 언급 는 편지 하고 있다 글로, Nati . onal

e supporte

① 전화 응답 자원봉사자를 모집하려고 ② 지역 라디오 방송 청취를 권장하려고 ③ 체계적인 전화상담사 육성을 촉구하려고 ④ 불우 이웃에게 줄 물품 기증을 부탁하려고 ⑤ 고객의 전화를 더 친절하게 받도록 독려하려고

수 있도록 하였다.

글의 주된

We hop

글을 쓴

Pearl이라

위한 전화

This coming weekend, Rolling Meadow Lumber Company will be offering its support to our local National Public Radio station in its annual fundraising drive. We will be lending our telephone lines and other facilities to the station. We hope supporters of the station amongst our family of employees will join us in working the phones. We will have twelve phone lines to answer for twelve hours on each day; volunteers can sign up for blocks of two to four hours on each day. We will greatly appreciate your participation and provide a buffet lunch. To register to participate, please contact the human resources department.

하고, 대표 유형에 적용할 수 있는 해결 전략을

It with

글의 유형과

Melissa

| 정답과 해설 2쪽 |

다음 글의 목적으로 가장 적절한 것은?

www .ebs i.co.k r

● 글의

해결 전략 글의 목적이나 주장을 묻는 문제는 필자가 글을 쓴 목적이나 의도를 정확하게 파악하는 능력을 측정하는 유형으로 편지글, 광고문, 논설문

유형 분석

03

02

6049-0003

다음 글에서 필자가 주장하는 바로 가장 적절한 것은?

Mentoring doesn’t always have to be a two-way,

에서 집중적

Dear Mr. Baker, My husband, Stan, was involved in a serious automobile accident this weekend while he

was on a business trip in Seattle. The good news is that he is doing well, but he will be hospitalized in Washington for a few

으로 풀어 봄으로써 해당 문항의 유형에 익숙해

weeks before he is stable enough to return to Pennsylvania. I am requesting a three-

질 수 있도록 하였고, 순차적으로 배열된 난이도

week unpaid leave of absence to be with him while he recovers. I would be away from the office beginning Friday, July 1, and would return on or about Monday, July 25. As always, I’m concerned that our department maintains its usual high level of efficiency and quality. I have already brought my colleagues up to speed on my

의 문항을 통해 자신의 유형별 적응도를 확인해

important projects and will be available by phone in case of an emergency. Thank you for your consideration.

볼 수 있도록 하였다.

Sincerely, Esther Morgan

or direct personal contact, relationship. I once asked a very successful person who his mentors were. As he rattled off recognizable name after name, my

doubt rose. “Really?” I exclaimed. The successful man then explained that because he grew up rural and poor, there weren’t many people around who could relate to his hopes, dreams, and aspirations. Instead, he made a dream list of mentors and very eagerly sought out and read every word they said or wrote. Later in life, he got to meet some of his “mentors” and thank them for the influence they unknowingly had on his life. If you don’t have a mentor, head to the bookstore or check in at your local library and take your pick.

rattle off 줄줄 말하다

① 멘토와 정기적으로 소통하라. ② 멘토와 개인적인 친분을 쌓으라. ③ 멘토의 가르침을 글로 적어 두라. ④ 멘토를 대할 때는 항상 공손한 자세를 취하라. ⑤ 멘토를 직접 만나 구할 수 없다면 책에서 찾으라.

다음 글의

목적으로 가장

적절한 것은?

6049-0004

www .ebs i.co.k r

As Hea d of Spe cial Col Library lections 다음 글에 , I’m plea for the 서 필자 sed to Univers plans to 가 주장 let you 하는 바로 ity 6049-0005 ensure know abo 가장 적절 Negotia the libr ever-ch 한 것은 ut our ary con tion is anging ? commun tinues to a mat ter. needs of ication library meet the If you our use aimed at received can ’t com rs. Las negotia settling a record t year the this is te. But mu nic ate, two mil won der don’t thin lion visi you can being the ful, it also k of com ts. resource ’t While achieve cau ses s. Students munica ment only dam age writer. The tion as and grad use the of to a leve our uate great spe books but l of com s come, negotia aker or municat to view museum ting is ion skil online jour not only to only eno objects l needed und ers nals, e-bo and wor ugh to for 35km of too d by make you ks of art. oks, Special ano r Wit voc the pos Col h more abulary r per son ition lections in them than is an asse , and incr . An adv , extra sup but it isn’ t to an essa eased inte anc ed port is requ this gro t going yist or a rest ired to win g dem to make profess negotia help cop and . We a differen library or, tion. Mo e with founda hav e esta ce in a st busines in simple, tion fun busines blis hed s dealing collecti s d to bui easy-tothe ng and s are bes ld on 400 underst to use the get the t done and lang to mak years of point by technolo e our coll uage. You compari gical opp two ecti ng which sentenc will ortunitie wou ld ons mor es is easi be deli of the foll s e fully er to und myself ght ed if accessi owi donatio ng to erst you wer ble. I experie and. “I n to sup e able nce an can’t allo revenue port the to mak excess here for w s as fun e a of d. The result of a you and expenses can’t acc collecti accepting , with you over for futu ons are ept this your offe r donatio re generat job on lose mon r.” Or, “I n, will ions. your term be here ey.” s becaus ① 도서관의 e I will 다양

한 특수 ② 도서관 자료를 기금 모금 소개하려 고 에 참여 ③ 특별 할 것을 자료실 요청하려 정리를 ④ 도서관 고 도울 봉사 자료 훼손 자를 모집 하려고 문제의 ⑤ 도서관 심각 방문객 수와

자료 이용

성을 강조 하려고 현황을 알리려고

04

① 비판적 분석에 기반을 ② 목표 두고 상대 달성을 방을 설득 위해 상황 ③ 협상을 하라. 에 맞는 시작하기 전략을 수립하라 전에 먼저 ④ 협상할 . 자기 생각 때 간단 하고 이해 을 정리 ⑤ 자신의 하라. 하기

입장만 쉬운 언어 고수하지 를 사용 말고 융통 하라. 성을 발휘 하여 협상 하라.

① 무급 휴가를 신청하려고 ② 업무 개선 방법을 제안하려고 ③ 업무 진척 상황을 보고하려고 ④ 출장지 변경에 대해 항의하려고 ⑤ 교통사고를 낸 것에 대해 사과하려고

10

EBS 수능완성 영어 Chapter

01 글의

목적•필자의 주장

11


본 교재는 대학수학능력시험을 준비하는 데 도움을 주고자 제작되었으며, 교육과정에 부합하는 내용으로 구성되었다. 특히 학생 들의 듣기 및 읽기 능력 신장을 목적으로 다양한 주제•소재 분야의 글과 정보를 제시하고 있으며, 교육과정상의 어휘 범주를 고 려하여 개발되었다. 교과서로 기본 개념을 익힌 후 본 교재를 활용하여 실제 응용력을 키우게 함으로써, 교육과정 성취 목표 도 달과 함께 대학수학능력시험 대비에 도움이 되도록 하였다.

PART 2

실전편

총 5회분의 실전 모의고사로 구성된 실전편은 앞서 유형편을 통해 학습한 수능 독해 유형별 문항과 동시에 듣 기 문항을 포함하여 실제 수능 시험을 치르는 것과 같도록 하였다. 수능 실전에 대비한 적응력과 문제 해결 능 력뿐만 아니라 시간 배분을 포함한 수능의 모든 것을 간접적, 반복적으로 연습할 수 있는 기회를 제공하였다.

수능 실전 대비, 반복 연습이 핵심이다!

06

실전 모의고사 1회

제한시간

70 분

| 배점

03

있습니다. 점수 표시가 없는 문항은 모두 2점입니다.

실제 수능 시험과 같은 유형과 난이도의 45문항

대화를 듣고, 그림 에서 대화 고르시오 의 내용 . 과

100 점

정답과 해설 56쪽

문항에 따라 배점이 다릅니다. 3점 문항에는 점수가 표시되어

6049-0108

일치하지

6049-0111

않는 것을

다음을 듣고, 남자가 하는 말의 주제로 가장 적절한 것을 고르 1번부터 17번까지는 듣고 답하는 문제입니다. 1번부터 15번 까지는 한 번만 들려주고, 16번부터 17번까지는 두 번 들려줍니 다. 방송을 잘 듣고 답을 하시기 바랍니다.

(듣기 17문항, 독해 28문항)으로 구성된 5회분의

01

6049-0106

① 먼지가 건강에 미치는 영향 ② 집 안의 먼지를 줄이는 방법 ③ 미세 먼지를 증가시키는 요인 ④ 환기를 충분히 해야 하는 이유 ⑤ 카펫을 올바르게 관리하는 요령

www .ebs i.co.k r

08

대화를 듣고, 남자 가 여자 시오. 의 집들 6049-0113 이에 갈 수 없는 이유를 고르

① 이사를 해야 해서 ② 출장을 가야 해서 ③ 가족 여행을 가야 해서 ④ 친구 결혼식에 가야 해서 ⑤ 테니스

시오.

시합에 나가야 해서

① ④

대화를 듣고, 남자의 마지막 말에 대한 여자의 응답으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

실전 모의고사를 통해 자신의 실력을 최종 점

① I’ve collected them for a month. ② I want you to take the trash out. ③ I brought those plastic bottles here. ④ I don’t need those bottles any more. ⑤ I’m planning to use them for a project.

09

검해 볼 수 있도록 하였다.

04

대화를 듣고, 여자 가

6049-0109

① $80 ② $11 0 ③ $16 0 ④ $18 0 ⑤ $22

대화를 듣고, 여자의 주장으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

① 더 많은 공원을 조성해야 한다. ② 공원 내 스포츠 시설을 확충해야 한다. ③ 운동에 더 많은 시간을 투자해야 한다. ④ 정기적으로 공공시설의 안전을 점검해야 한다. ⑤ 국가적 차원의 건강관리체계가 구축되어야 한다.

지불할 금액을 고르시오 . | 3점 |

6049-0114

0

07

02

6049-0107

대화를 듣고, 여자의 마지막 말에 대한 남자의 응답으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

① Good for you. I knew you’d succeed. ② Thank you for printing out my report. ③ Don’t worry. I think I can get it fixed. ④ I know how to manage electronic waste. ⑤ You won’t regret it if you buy this printer.

90

대화를 듣고, 여자 가 남자 고르시오 에게 부탁 6049-0112 . 한 일로 가장 적절 한 것을

① 커피와 간식 사다 주기 ② 프레젠테 이션 준비 돕기 ③ 책장 배달 시각 대화를 듣고, 두 사람의 관계를 가장 잘 나타낸 것을 고르시오. 문의하기 ④ 책장 놓을 곳의 ① 코치 - 운동선수 청소 돕기 ⑤ 온라인으 로 책장 ② 요리 강사 - 수강생 주문하기 ③ 사진 작가 - 요리사 ④ 잡지 기자 - 영화배우 ⑤ 영화감독 - 시나리오 작가

05

6049-0110

10 대화를 듣고, 박물 관에 관해 고르시오 6049-0115 . 두 사람 이 언급 하지 않은 것을

① 위치 ② 개관 시각 ③ 주차 요금 ④ 입장권 할인 ⑤ 휴대

금지 물품

EBS 수능완성 영어 실전 모의고 사 1회

91

정답과 해설 자세한 문제 해결 과정은 물론, 듣기 문항의 대

[유형편]

본, 읽기 문항의 지문에 대한 해석과 어법상 중

문제 해설 | 이 글은 교통사고를 당해 병원에 입원한 남편과 함께 있기

글의 목적·필자의 주장

Let’s Check It Out

위해 직장 여성이 회사에 3주간의 무급 휴가를 신청하는 내용의 편지 본문 6~7쪽

L.4 The good news is [that he is doing well], but he will be

해석 | 종업원 여러분께,

다가오는 이번 주말에 Rolling Meadow Lumber Company는

우리 지역의 National Public Radio 방송국의 연례 모금 운동에 후원을 제공할 예정입니다. 우리는 전화선로와 다른 시설을 방송국에 빌려 줄 예정입니다. 우리 사원 가족 중에서 방송국을 후원하시는 분

들이 전화 응답을 하는 일에 동참해 주시기를 희망합니다. 12시간 동

제시한

정답과 해설은 모든 문항에 대한 이해

안 전화에 응답할 12개의 전화선로가 날마다 설치될 예정이며, 자원 봉사자들께서는 날마다 두 시간에서 네 시간 단위로 신청하실 수 있 습니다. 여러분의 참여에 깊은 감사를 드리며 점심 뷔페를 제공하여 드릴 것입니다. (참여) 신청을 하려면, 인사부로 연락 주세요.

Melissa Pearl 드림

문제 해설 | 방송국의 연례 모금 운동에서 방송국 후원자로서 전화 응

도를 높이는 데 중점을 두었고, 주요 어휘에 대 한 문맥적 의미도 제공함으로써 학습을 용이하

이므로, 글의 목적으로 가장 적절한 것은 ①이다. 구문 해설 |

정답 | ① 소재 | 방송국 연례 모금 운동

요하거나 구조가 복잡한 문장에 대한 분석을

답에 참여해 줄 자원봉사자를 모집하는 글이므로, 글의 목적으로는 ①이 가장 적절하다.

hospitalized in Washington for a few weeks before he is stable enough [to return to Pennsylvania].

첫 번째 [ ]는 보어 역할을 하고, 두 번째 [ ]는 enough의 기준을 나타낸다.

L.15 I [have already brought my colleagues up to speed on my important projects] and [will be available by phone in case of an emergency]. [ ]로 표시된 두 부분은 and에 의해 연결되어 주어 I에 이어진다. 어휘와 어구 |

•be •be •be

•request 신청하다 •unpaid 무급의

구문 해설 |

L.4 We hope [supporters of the station {amongst our family of employees} will join us in working the phones]. [ ]는 hope의 목적어 역할을 하는 명사절인데, 접속사 that이 생 략되었다. { }는 supporters of the station을 수식하는 전치사 구이다.

본문 10~11쪽

01 ①

02 ⑤

03 ①

04 ④

01 소재 | 휴가 신청 해석 | Baker 씨께,

제 남편 Stan이 Seattle에 출장을 가 있던 중 이번 주말에 심각한 자 동차 사고에 연루되었습니다. 그가 잘 회복하고 있다는 것은 좋은 소

식이지만, Pennsylvania로 돌아올 만큼 충분히 안정될 때까지 몇

주 동안 Washington에서 입원할 예정입니다. 그가 회복하는 동안 그와 함께 있기 위해서 3주간의 무급 휴가를 신청합니다. 저는 7월 1일

금요일을 시작으로 결근할 것이고, 7월 25일 월요일 경에 직장에 복 귀할 것입니다. 늘 그렇듯이, 저는 저희 부서가 평상시처럼 고도의 효

율성과 우수성을 유지하는 것에 대하여 걱정하고 있습니다. 저는 제 중요한 프로젝트에 대하여 동료들에게 이미 최신 정보를 말해 주었으 며, 비상시에는 전화로 연락이 가능할 것입니다. 배려해 주셔서 감사 합니다.

2

involved in ~에 연루되다 on a business trip 출장 중이다 hospitalized 입원하다

•stable 안정된

•leave

of absence 휴가

•recover 회복하다

•maintain 유지하다 •efficiency 효율성

•quality 우수성, 품질 •bring ~ up

to speed ~에게 최신 정보를 말해 주다

•colleague 동료 •in

게 하였다.

삼으라는 것이므로, 필자가

구문 해설

Esther Morgan 드림

CHAPTER

01

case of an emergency 비상시에

|

L.2 I once

주장하는 바로

가장 적절한

⑤이다. asked a very succ www were]. 하면서 도서 essful pers .ebs 관 기금 i.co.k on [who 마련에 동참 [ ]로 표시 r 다. 따라 his men 된 부분은 서 글의 하여 기부 tors 목적으로 를해줄 asked의 할 것을 적절한 것은 목적어 역할 것을 요청 요청하려 he mad 하고 있 을 하는 ① ‘도서 고’이다 e a drea eagerly 구문 해설 의문절이 관 기금 . m list of sought | 다. 모금에 참여 out and mentors wrote]. L.7 Stud read ever and very ents and y word [ ]로 표시 graduate [they said books], 된 부분은 s come , but [to or every wor L.11 Late not only view onli objects r in life, d를 수식하는 [to ne and wor use the journals he got 관계절이 and [tha ks of art] , e-bo to [meet 「not only 다. oks, mus nk them . some of ~ but eum for the had on (also) ...」는 his “men [ ]로 표시 influence his life} tors”] ‘~뿐만 아니 된 두 개의 ]. {they unk [ ]로 표시 라 …도 L.12 We to부정사구 nowingl 된 두 부분 ’의 의미이며 가 각각 have esta y 은 and로 번째 [ ~과 …에 blished buil d on ] 안의 { 연결되어 해당한다 the libra }는 the . 400 yea to에 이어 어휘와 어구 ry foun influence 지고 있다 rs of coll technolo | dation fund 를 수식하는 .두 gical opp ecti ng] •cont [to 관계절이 act 접촉, ortu and mor nitie 다. e [to fully acce 연락 s {to mak use the •men ssible}]. e our coll tor 멘토(경험 [ ]로 표시 된 두 부분 ections 없는 사람 베풀어 주는 이 and로 에게 오랜 적을 나타 유경험자 대등하게 기간에 걸쳐 내는 to •reco 나 선배) 연결되어 부정사구 조언과 도움 gnizable technolo 이다. 두 있으며 모두 (쉽게) 알[알 gical oppo 을 번째 [ •excl 목 어휘와 어구 아볼] 수 aim 소리 rtunities ] 안의 { 있는 | 치다 를 수식하는 } 는 the •rura •plea to부정사구 l 시골의 sed 기쁜, 이다. •relat 기뻐하는 •ensu e to ~을 re 반드시 ~하게 이해하다 •aspi , ~에 대해 •ever [이게] 하다 ration 열망 -changin 공감하다 •seek g 늘 변화 •reco out (특히 하는, 변화 rd 기록적인 많은 노력 무쌍한 •get 을 기울여) •reso to ~할 수 urce ~을 찾아 있다, ~할 자료 •influ 내다 기회를 가지 •extr ence 영향 a 추가의, 다 여분의 •unkn •cope owingly with ~에 부지불식 •take 대처하다 간(不知不 •dem one’s pick , ~을 처리 識間)에 and 수요 마음에 드는 하다 •esta 것을 고르 blish 설립 다 하다, 수립 •fund 하다 03 기금, 자금 •acce 소재 | 도서관 ssible 이용 기금 모금 가능한 •mak 해석 | e a dona 대학 도서 tion 것은

L.9 Inst ead ,

관 특수 기부[기증 의 끊임 자료실 책임 ]하다 없이 변화 자로서, 하는 요구 도서관이 해 여러 를 확실 우리 이용 분께 알리 히 계속 자들 게 되어 충족시키 2백만 건의 기쁩니다 게 할 계획 소재 | 협상의 . 작년 우리 방문이 에대 언어 있었습니 우리 자료 도서관에 다. 이것 해석 | 는 기록 에 피해 은 아주 협상은 문제 적인 를 끼치 멋진 일이 용하기 위해 기도 합니 를 해결하는 분이 의사 지만, 그것 다. 학생 서뿐만 아니 것을 목표 소통을 이 들과 졸업 술 작품을 라 온라인 로 하는 할 수 없다 생들 을 의사소통 보기 은 잡지 말을 면, 협상 필요는 없다. 언젠가 나는 매우 성공한 사람에게 그가 멘토로 삼은 사 책을 이 , 전자책, 위해서도 매우 잘 이다. 여러 도할수 넘는 특수 하거나 글을 옵니다. 박물관 전시 없다. 하지 하지 말라 (일렬로 자료를 소장 품과 미 람들이 누구인가를 물었다. 그가 쉽게 알 수 있는 이름을 줄줄이 말했 매우 잘 만 의사 . 협상을 늘어놓으 하고 있고 쓰는 사람 게 됨에 소통 위해 필요 면) 35킬로 게 여러 따라 이러 , 사람들이 만이 해낸 한 의사소통 미터가 을 때, 내게 의심이 생겨났다. “정말인가요?”라고 나는 소리쳤다. 그 분의 입장 한 수요 일로 생각 그것들에 적인 지원 을 이해 기술의 수준 증가에 대처 더욱 관심 휘는 수필 시키는 이 필요합니 하는 데 은 다른 러자 성공한 그 사람은 자신이 시골에서 가난하게 자랐기 때문에, 자 을갖 것만으로 가나 대학 다. 우리 도움을 주기 사람에 고 우리 충분할 교수에게 는 400년의 지 않을 자료가 더욱 것이다. 위해 추가 는 자산 것이다. 신의 희망, 꿈, 그리고 열망을 이해할 수 있는 사람이 주변에 많지 않 기 자료 세련된 온전 이지 수집을 더 대부분의 히 이용될 만 사업 위해 도서 어 용할 때 협상에서 사업은 간단 늘려 나가 수 있게 관 기반 거래가 았다고 설명했다. 대신에 그는 멘토에 관한 멋진 목록을 만들고는 그 금을 는 중요 할 기술적 조성 기금 하고 이해 가장 잘 하 지원하기 기회를 사용 을 설립하였 이 이루 하기 더 어진다. 이해하기 쉬운 언어 위해 기부 들이 말했거나 썼던 모든 말을 매우 열심히 찾아내서 읽었다. 만년에, 는 하 습니다. 다음의 쉬운지를 를사 를 해 주신 여기에 여러 여러분께 두 문장 “귀하의 비교함으로써 다면 기쁘 서그기 중에서 분을 위해 제안을 받아 그는 그의 ‘멘토들’ 중 몇몇을 만나서 그들이 부지불식간에 그의 인음 세대 어느 겠습 여러분 준비되어 니다. 도서 것 들이는 결과 은 요점을 를 위해 는 것을 있으며 여러 관 자료 이해할 것이다 여기에 계속 겪도록 허용 로, 제 자신 생에 끼쳤던 영향에 대해 감사를 드릴 수 있었다. 여러분에게 멘토가 문제 해설 분의 기부 할 수 없습 존재할 것입 이 경비가 . 문에 귀하께 | 대학 로 인해, 니다.” 또는 교 도서 수입을 초과 니다. 다 서 제시하 없다면, 서점으로 향하거나 지역 도서관에 들어가서 마음에 드는 책 관 특수 자들의 요구 “제가 돈을 하 신 조건으 문제 해설 자료실 에 부응하기 잃을 터이 로 이 일을 담당자가 | 사업 을 고르라. 협상에서 기때 위해 추가 점점 늘어 받아들일 보다는 간단 는 연설가나 적인 지원 수 없습니 나는 이용 하고 이해 이 필요하다 다.” 저술가가 문제 해설 | 이 글의 중심 생각은 직접 만나 관계를 유지할 수 있는 멘 하기 쉬운 사용하는 므로, 이 는 점을 언어를 사용 강조 글의 주장 세련된 언어 토를 구할 수 없다면, 책 읽기를 통해 그들이 한 말이나 쓴 글을 멘토로 으로 가장 해야 한다 구문 해설 적절한 것은 는 내용의 | 글이 ④이다. •consideration 배려, 고려

02

04

소재 | 책 속에서 멘토 찾기

해석 | 멘토링이 항상 쌍방향의, 즉 직접적인 개별 접촉을 하는 관계일

EBS 수능완성 영어

정답과 해설

_ Chap

ter 01

3


문항별 해설 강의 검색 안내

CHAPTER

01 유형 분석

EBS에서 제공하고 있는 해설 강의를 문항 코드로 빠르게 확인할 수 있는 검색 서비스입니다. 문항 코드 서비스와 본 교재의 프로그램은 EBSi PC/모바일 사이트 및 APP에서 더 자세한 내용을 확인할 수 있습니다. 글의 목적•필자의 주장

➊ 교재에서

➋ PC/스마트폰에서

문항별 고유 코드를 교재에서 확인하세요.

문항 코드를 검색창에 입력하세요.

글의 목적이나 주장을 묻는 문제는 필자가 글을 쓴 목적이나 의도를 정확하게 파악하는 능력을 측정하는 유형으로 편지글, 광고문, 논설문 기고문 등이 주로 사용된다.

Let’s Check It Out

➌ 강의 화면에서 해설 강의를 수강합니다.

| 정답과 해설 2쪽 |

다음 글의 목적으로 가장 적절한 것은?

6049-0001

To Our Employees, This coming weekend, Rolling Meadow Lumber Company will be offering its support to our local National Public Radio station in its annual fundraising drive. We will be lending our telephone lines and other facilities to the station. We hope supporters of the station amongst our family of employees will join us in working the phones. We will have twelve phone lines to answer for twelve hours on each day; ● volunteers can sign up for blocks of two to four hours on each day. We will greatly appreciate your participation and provide a buffet lunch. To register to participate, ● please contact the human resources department.

6049-0001

6049-0001

EBSi 홈페이지(http://www.ebsi.co.kr)로 들어오셔서 회원으로 등록하세요.

본 방송 교재의 프로그램 내용은 EBSi의 인터넷 방송을 통해 다시 보실 수 있습니다. (VOD 무료 서비스 실시)

Sincerely, Melissa Pearl

교재 내용에 대한 문의는 EBSi 교재 강좌의 Q&A 게시판을 이용해 주시기 바랍니다.

① 전화 응답 자원봉사자를 모집하려고 ② 지역 라디오 방송 청취를 권장하려고 ③ 체계적인 전화상담사 육성을 촉구하려고 ④ 불우 이웃에게 줄 물품 기증을 부탁하려고 ⑤ 고객의 전화를 더 친절하게 받도록 독려하려고


EBS 수능완성 영어영역 영어

PART 1 유형편 Chapter 01

글의 목적·필자의 주장

Chapter 11

빈칸 추론 (1)

Chapter 02

글의 주제

Chapter 12

빈칸 추론 (2)

Chapter 03

글의 제목

Chapter 13

연결사 추론

Chapter 04

글의 요지

Chapter 14

심경·분위기

Chapter 05

어법

Chapter 15

무관한 문장 파악

Chapter 06

어휘

Chapter 16

글의 순서 파악

Chapter 07

지칭 추론

Chapter 17

문장 삽입

Chapter 08

실용문

Chapter 18

요약문 완성

Chapter 09

도표

Chapter 19

장문의 이해 (1) - 1지문 2문항

Chapter 10

세부 내용 파악

Chapter 20

장문의 이해 (2) - 1지문 3문항


CHAPTER

01

글의 목적•필자의 주장 글의 목적이나 필자의 주장을 묻는 문제는 필자가 글을 쓴 목적이나 의도를 정확하게 파악하는 능력을 측정하는 유형으로 편지글, 광고문,

유형 분석

논설문, 기고문 등이 주로 사용된다.

Let’s Check It Out | 정답과 해설 2쪽 |

6049-0001

다음 글의 목적으로 가장 적절한 것은?

To Our Employees, This coming weekend, Rolling Meadow Lumber Company will be offering its support to our local National Public Radio station in its annual fundraising drive. We will be lending our telephone lines and other facilities to the station. We hope supporters of the station amongst our family of employees will join us in working the phones. We will have twelve phone lines to answer for twelve hours on each day; volunteers can sign up for blocks of two to four hours on each day. We will greatly appreciate your participation and provide a buffet lunch. To register to participate, please contact the human resources department. Sincerely, Melissa Pearl ① 전화 응답 자원봉사자를 모집하려고 ② 지역 라디오 방송 청취를 권장하려고 ③ 불우 이웃에게 줄 물품 기증을 부탁하려고 ④ 근무 중 사적인 전화 통화 자제를 요청하려고 ⑤ 고객의 전화를 더 친절하게 받도록 독려하려고

 annual 연례의  fundraising  telephone  facility 시설

8

EBS 수능완성 영어

drive 모금 운동

line 전화선로

 work  sign

the phone 전화에 응답하다

up for ~을 신청하다

 register 신청하다, 등록하다  human

resources department 인사부


www.ebsi .co.kr

해결 전략

● 글의

도입부에서 글의 유형, 글을 읽을 대상, 글의 소재 또는 논제가 무엇인지 파악한다.

● 글이

전개되는 과정에서 주된 소재 또는 논제에 대해 드러난 필자의 의도나 주장을 파악한다.

● 글의

후반부에 제시된 정보를 통해 파악된 필자의 의도나 주장이 정확한지 확인한다.

Let’s Solve It with Strategies STEP 1

글의 유형과 글을 읽을 대상을 파악한 뒤 글의 소재를 파악한다.

Melissa Pearl이라는 회사 관계자가 직원들에게 보내는 글로, National Public Radio 방송국의 연례 모금 운동 후원에 관한 내용을 언급하고 있다.

STEP 2

글의 주된 소재나 논제에 대해 필자의 의도나 주장이 무엇인지 파악한다.

We hope supporters of ~ working the phones.를 통해 이 글의 목적은 방송국의 연례 모금 운동 행사를 위한 전화 응답 자원봉사자 모집 안내라는 것을 알 수 있다.

STEP 3

글의 후반부 정보를 통해 앞에서 파악한 의도나 주장이 정확한지 다시 한 번 확인한다.

volunteers can sign up for ~와 We will greatly appreciate your participation ~. 등의 후반부 정보 를 통해 필자가 글을 쓴 목적이 자원봉사자 모집 안내라는 것을 다시 한 번 확인할 수 있다.

Vocabulary Review 영영 풀이를 참고하여 빈칸에 알맞은 말을 Vocabulary in Conte t에서 찾아 쓰시오.

1. All income from the will be donated to the UNICEF. (the activity of collecting money for a specific purpose) 2. The reading club will be hosting their the library on July 21. (happening or appearing once a year; yearly)

reading contest in

3. ‌The government announced a plan to build the world’s largest nuclear waste .  (rooms, equipment, or services that are provided for a particular purpose) 4. Mr. Collins was appointed as the new manager of the sales . (one of the sections in an organization such as a government, business, or university) 5. The program is a key part of the government’s to improve standards of health. (an organized effort by a group of people to achieve something)

Answer & Translation 1. fundraising | 그 모금에서 오는 모든 수입은 유니세프에 기부될 것이다. (특정한 목 적을 위해 돈을 모으는 활동) 2. annual | 그 독서 클럽은 7월 21일에 도 서관에서 그들의 연례 독서 대회를 개최할 것이다. (일 년에 한 번 발생하거나 나타나는; 해마다) 3. facility | 정부는 세계에서 가장 큰 핵폐 기물 처리 시설을 건설하는 계획을 공표했다. (특정한 목적을 위해 제공되는 공간, 장비, 또 는 서비스) 4. department | Collins 씨는 영업부서 의 새로운 관리자로 임명되었다. (정부, 회사, 또는 대학과 같은 조직 내의 부서 중 하나) 5. drive | 그 프로그램은 건강 기준을 향상 시키기 위한 정부 운동의 핵심 부분이다. (어 떤 것을 성취하기 위한 특정 집단의 조직화 된 노력)

Chapter 01 글의 목적•필자의 주장

9


정답과 해설 2쪽

01

6049-0002

다음 글의 목적으로 가장 적절한 것은?

Dear Mr. Baker, My husband, Stan, was involved in a serious automobile accident this weekend while he was on a business trip in Seattle. The good news is that he is doing well, but he will

be hospitalized in Washington for a few weeks before he is stable enough to return

to Pennsylvania. I am requesting a three­week unpaid leave of absence to be with him while he recovers. I would be away

from the office beginning Friday, July 1, and would return on or about Monday, July 25. As always, I’m concerned that our department maintains its usual high level of efficiency and quality. I have already brought my colleagues up to speed on my important projects and will be available by phone in case of an emergency. Thank you for your consideration. Sincerely, Esther Morgan ① 휴가를 신청하려고 ② 업무 개선 방법을 제안하려고 ③ 업무 진척 상황을 보고하려고 ④ 출장지 변경에 대해 항의하려고 ⑤ 교통사고를 낸 것에 대해 사과하려고

10

EBS 수능완성 영어

02

6049-0003

다음 글에서 필자가 주장하는 바로 가장 적절한 것은?

Negotiation is communication aimed at settling a matter. If you can’t communicate, you can’t negotiate. But don’t think of communication as being the achievement only of a great speaker or writer. The level of communication skill needed for negotiating is only enough to make your position

understood by another person. An advanced vocabulary is an asset to an essayist or a professor, but it isn’t going to make a difference in a business

negotiation. Most business dealings are best done in simple, easy-to-understand language. You will get the point by comparing which of the following two sentences is easier to understand. “I can’t allow myself to experience an excess of expenses over revenues as a result of accepting your offer.” Or, “I can’t accept this job on your terms because I will lose money.” ① 비판적 분석에 기반을 두고 상대방을 설득하라. ② 목표 달성을 위해 상황에 맞는 전략을 수립하라. ③ 협상을 시작하기 전에 먼저 자기 생각을 정리하라. ④ 협상할 때 간단하고 이해하기 쉬운 언어를 사용하라. ⑤ 자신의 입장만 고수하지 말고 융통성을 발휘하여 협상하라.


www.ebsi .co.kr

03

6049-0004

04

6049-0005

다음 글의 목적으로 가장 적절한 것은?

다음 글에서 필자가 주장하는 바로 가장 적절한 것은?

As Head of Special Collections for the University Library, I’m pleased to let you know about our plans to ensure the library continues to meet the

Very often it appears that ecotourism is just about wildlife. Tourists appear generally to be

ever-changing needs of our users. Last year the library received a record two million visits. While this is wonderful, it also causes damage to our resources. Students and graduates come, not only to use the books but to view online journals, e-books, museum objects and works of art. With more than

35 km of Special Collections, and increased interest in them, extra support is required to help cope with this growing and changing demand. We have established the Library Foundation Fund to help us build on 400 years of collecting and to use the technological opportunities to make our collections more fully accessible. I would be delighted if you were able to make a donation to support the fund. The collections are here for you and, with your donation, will be here for future generations. ① 도서관의 다양한 특별 자료를 소개하려고 ② 특별 자료실 정리를 도울 봉사자를 모집하려고 ③ 도서관 자료 훼손 문제의 심각성을 강조하려고 ④ 도서관 기금 모금에 참여해 줄 것을 요청하려고 ⑤ 도서관 방문객 수와 자료 이용 현황을 알리려고

more interested in watching animals than they are in meeting and seeking to understand people of different cultures. Seeing an elephant or lion in Africa is seen as more important than meeting Maasai tribespeople. Observing the whales which live below the sea off Iceland and Norway is more

interesting than finding out about the fishermen who work above the waves. Yet, ecotourism should be about ecosystems and ecosystems are about both wildlife and people. Indeed people are simply

another form of animal life. In many ecotourism destinations the landscape and the wildlife are a direct result of the interaction between humans and the rest of the wildlife. To ecotourists, therefore, both people and wildlife should be of equal importance.

① ‌인간도 자연의 일부이므로 자연과 조화를 이루며 살아야 한다.

② ‌생태관광의 본래 취지를 살릴 수 있는 체험 활동을 개발 해야 한다.

③ ‌관광지 주민과 직접 교류하면서 타문화에 대한 이해를 높 여야 한다.

④ ‌생태관광을 할 때 야생 동물은 물론 사람에게도 관심을 가져야 한다.

⑤ ‌관광지 주민을 위해 관광 수익이 사용될 수 있는 방안을 찾아야 한다.

Chapter 01 글의 목적•필자의 주장

11


CHAPTER

02

글의 주제 필자가 무엇에 관해 이야기하고 있는가를 파악하는 유형으로, 글의 핵심 소재 및 전체적인 내용을 정확하게 반영한 선택지를 정답으로 골

유형 분석

라야 한다.

Let’s Check It Out | 정답과 해설 4쪽 |

6049-0006

다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은?

Telephone surveys offer the advantage of a low cost per interview and the possibility that a single interviewer can contact several hundred people a day. Telephone surveys have been aided by computerized phone systems that speed up the contact process. Telephone surveys cost approximately half as much as personal interviews and they obtain comparable data. As you probably know from your own experience, however, it is difficult to reach some people by telephone because modern technology makes it easy for them to avoid unwanted callers. One survey researcher described it as follows: “The majority of American households now have answering machines, caller ID, or both, and substantial numbers of households use them to screen out unwanted calls. Many survey professionals report anecdotally that telephone response rates have sharply decreased over the last decade.” ✽anecdotally

개인적인 경험에 의거해서

① cautions in conducting telephone surveys ② qualifications for a good survey researcher ③ superiority of telephone surveys over personal interviews ④ advantage and disadvantage of conducting telephone surveys ⑤ effective ways to enhance the credibility of telephone surveys

 survey 설문 조사

 contact 연락하다; 연락

 computerized 전산화된

 approximately 대략

 unwanted 원치 않는

 majority 대다수

 speed

up 속도를 빠르게 하다

EBS 수능완성 영어

machine 자동 응답기

ID 발신자 확인 장치

 substantial 상당한

 response

out ~을 차단하다 rate 응답률

 decade 10년

 describe 기술하다

12

 caller

 screen

 comparable 비슷한, 비교할 만한

 household 가정

 answering

 qualification 자격 요건  superiority 우수성, 우월

 enhance (좋은 점·가치·지위를) 높이다  credibility 신뢰도


www.ebsi .co.kr

해결 전략

● 글의

핵심 소재를 찾고 글의 전개 방향을 예측한다.

● 글의

핵심적인 내용을 정리한다.

● 지엽적이거나

지나치게 광범위하지 않으면서, 주제를 가장 잘 포괄하고 있는 선택지를 고른다.

Let’s Solve It with Strategies STEP 1

글의 핵심 소재를 찾고 글의 전개 방향을 예측한다.

글의 핵심 소재는 전화 설문 조사(telephone surveys)이고, 전화 설문 조사의 장점이 계속 설명될 것임을 예 측할 수 있다.

STEP 2

STEP 3

글의 전개 구조를 파악하면서 글의 내용을 정리한다.

역접의 접속 부사 however가 나옴으로써 전화 설문 조사의 장점에 이어 전화 설문 조사의 단점이 설명된다. ● 전화

설문 조사의 장점 : 인터뷰 한 건당 비용이 적게 들고 하루에 많은 사람들에게 연락을 취할 수 있다.

● 전화

설문 조사의 단점 : 현대 기술 덕분에 사람들이 전화를 받지 않을 경우 전화 응답률이 떨어진다.

주제를 가장 잘 포괄하고 있는 선택지를 고른다.

이 글은 전화로 설문 조사를 실시하는 것의 장점과 단점을 역접의 구조를 통해 설명하고 있으므로, 이를 가장 잘 나타내는 선택지를 정답으로 고른다.

Vocabulary Review 영영 풀이를 참고하여 빈칸에 알맞은 말을 Vocabulary in Conte t에서 찾아 쓰시오.

1. The bridge was built a (a period of ten years)

ago.

on the effects of technology. 2. Researchers carried out a (an activity in which many people are asked a question or a series of questions) 3. ‌Many s use electricity as the primary source of energy for cooking. (a ​group of p ​ eople, often a ​family, who ​live together) 4. The article s how the experiment was done. (to say what something or someone is like)

Answer & Translation 1. decade | 그 다리는 10년 전에 지어졌 다. (10년의 기간)

2. survey | 연구자들은 기술의 영향에 관 한 설문 조사를 수행했다. (많은 사람들이 하 나의 질문이나 일련의 질문을 받는 활동) 3. household | 많은 가정이 요리의 주요 에너지원으로 전기를 사용한다. (함께 사는 한 집단의 사람들, 흔히 가족) 4. describe | 그 기사는 그 실험이 어떻게 행해졌는가를 기술한다. (어떤 것 또는 누군 가가 어떠한지를 말하다) 5. contact | 그 남자는 명단에 있는 모든 사람에게 기꺼이 연락을 했다. (누군가에게 편지를 쓰거나 전화로 말을 하다)

everyone on the list. 5. The man was willing to (to write to someone or talk to them on the telephone)

Chapter 02 글의 주제

13


정답과 해설 4쪽

01

6049-0007

02

6049-0008

다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은?

다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은?

Before the invention of printing, we had a different technology for communicating ideas and information. It was called talking. It evolved over millions of years, and there is a lot more happening than just the words passing from brain to brain. There is modulation, tone, emphasis, passion. And the listener is not just listening. She is watching. Subconsciously she notes the widening of the speaker’s eyes, the movement of the hands, the swaying of the body, the responses of other listeners. It all registers and makes a difference to the way the receiving brain categorizes and prioritizes the incoming information. By increasing the motivation to understand, the speaker’s lasting effect on the intellectual world of the listener may be far greater than the same words in print.

When we’re gathering ingredients for a recipe, we should try using frozen, canned, or dried foods. They may be less expensive than fresh foods, yet are equally nutritious. Produce is typically frozen, canned, or dried at the peak of ripeness, when nutrients are plentiful. Fish and poultry are often flash-frozen to minimize freezer damage and retain freshness. With frozen foods, we can use only the amount we need, reseal the package, and return it to the freezer. If it’s properly stored, there’s no waste. Canned foods are often sitting in a bath of juice, syrup, or salty water, and usually just require rinsing. Dried fruits are concentrated in flavor and a great substitute for fresh fruit. Also we can consider using powdered or evaporated versions of milk in soups or desserts. We can also buy the form that gives us the best price for our needs.

✽modulation

억양, 음성의 변화

① major impacts of the invention of printing ② important roles of listeners in communication ③ origin and history of human capacity for speech ‌ ④ various ways to develop effective communication

skills ‌ ⑤ communicative strengths of speech compared to printed words

14

EBS 수능완성 영어

✽poultry

가금류의 고기

① ‌side effects of rapid freezing on foods ② ways to get great deals on local produce ③ ‌benefits of using various preserved foods ④ importance of ingredients for cooking food ⑤ technologies involved in processing food products


www.ebsi .co.kr

03

6049-0009

04

6049-0010

다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은?

다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은?

The long-term stability of the Egyptian agricultural system was maintained as long as there were only limited modifications to the natural flood regime. However, there were problems stemming from the fact that there could be major fluctuations from year to year in the flood level of the Nile and from a tendency for there to be sustained periods of especially high or low floods. In the short term the results for both Egyptian farming and society could be disastrous and these fluctuations had a major influence on the course of Egyptian history, particularly under the Pharaohs. Very high floods destroyed many settlements and the artificial works for containing water. Very low floods left some areas dry and lacking in silt. For example, although the 1877 flood was only about 180 centimeters below normal, it still left about a third of the valley without water and silt. Either extreme reduced crop yields with severe social implications.

The impacts of tourism on the environment are evident to scientists, but not all residents attribute environmental damage to tourism. Residents commonly have positive views on the economic and some sociocultural influences of tourism on quality of life, but their reactions to environmental impacts are mixed. Some residents feel tourism provides more parks and recreation areas, improves the quality of the roads and public facilities, and does not contribute to ecological decline. Many do not blame tourism for traffic problems, overcrowded outdoor recreation, or the disturbance of peace and tranquility of parks. Alternatively, some residents express concern that tourists overcrowd the local fishing, hunting, and other recreation areas or may cause traffic and pedestrian congestion. Some studies suggest that variations in residents’ feelings about tourism’s relationship to environmental damage are related to the type of tourism, the extent to which residents feel the natural environment needs to be protected, and the distance residents live from the tourist attractions.



✽fluctuation

변동, 오르내림 ✽✽silt 침적토

① various ways of using floods in Egypt ② importance of agriculture in ancient Egypt ③ impacts of the Nile flood on Egyptian society ‌ ④ misconceptions about the Egyptian agricultural

system ‌ ⑤ efforts of Egyptians to minimize the damage of floods



✽tranquility

고요함

① environmental problems caused by rural tourism ② ‌different reactions to the environmental impacts

of tourism ③ ‌positive effects of tourism on residents̓ life satisfaction ④ ‌possible threats and opportunities of tourism development ⑤ ‌significance of tourism in balanced regional development

Chapter 02 글의 주제

15


CHAPTER

03

글의 제목 글의 주제를 가장 잘 표현하고 있는 제목을 찾는 유형이다. 제목은 글의 주제를 직접적으로 표현하는 주제나 요지보다는 비유적이거나 함

유형 분석

축적인 표현으로 제시되는 경우가 많다.

Let’s Check It Out | 정답과 해설 7쪽 |

6049-0011

다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?

Too often we overcome one resource limitation by stretching another. The effect, overall, can be likened to a rubber band that can stretch and then stretch some more. Frequently, our solution to local resource shortages is to transport the limited resource from an area where it is more abundant or to manufacture alternatives using additional energy and other resources. While this process gives the impression of increasing abundance, like the rubber band that appears longer when stretched, continued expansion puts more tension on remaining resources. At the present time, our capacity for moving resources around and for powering industrial processes is enormous, but, like the rubber band, there will be a point where further expansion will fail. ① Resources That Will Matter in the Future ② Save the Planet by Using Alternative Energy ③ Renewable Energy Is a Commonsense Energy Plan ④ Maximizing Limited Resources with Unlimited Ideas ⑤ Triumph over Resource Limitations Won’t Last Long

 overcome 극복하다

 resource 자원

 expansion 확장, 팽창

 stretch 잡아 늘이다  be

 shortage 부족

 transport 수송하다

 abundant 풍부한, 많은

 manufacture 제조하다

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EBS 수능완성 영어

 tension 긴장

likened to ~에 비유되다

 rubber 고무

 alternative 대용물, 대안, 대체 수단

 industrial

process 산업 공정

 enormous 막대한, 엄청난  renewable 재생 가능한  maximize 극대화하다  triumph 승리


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해결 전략

● 글의

중심 소재를 통해 무엇에 관한 내용인지를 파악한다.

● 주로

글의 초반부에 제시되는 주제문이나 글 전체에 반복되는 어구를 통해 주제를 추론한다.

● 너무

지엽적이거나 포괄적이지 않게 글 전체의 내용을 담고 있는 제목을 고른다.

Let’s Solve It with Strategies STEP 1

주제문이나 중심 소재를 통해 글의 주제를 파악한다.

첫 문장의 overcome one resource limitation으로 미루어 볼 때 자원 부족에 대한 해결책을 주제로 하는 글 임을 알 수 있다.

STEP 2

반복되는 어구 등을 통해 글의 흐름을 파악한다.

반복되고 있는 rubber band와의 비유로부터 필자가 자원 부족의 문제를 계속된 확장으로 해결하는 것의 문제 점을 지적하고 있음을 파악한다.

STEP 3

글 전체의 내용을 포괄할 수 있는 제목을 고른다.

제시된 선택지 중 이 글의 키워드인 resource, limitation, expansion, fail의 내용을 포괄할 수 있는 제목을 골라낸다.

Vocabulary Review 영영 풀이를 참고하여 빈칸에 알맞은 말을 Vocabulary in Conte t에서 찾아 쓰시오.

1. The of deserts is a significant environmental issue today. (the action of becoming larger or more extensive) 2. Insects are a promising to the conventional production of meat. (one of two or more available possibilities) 3. Rivers are still used to goods from place to place. (to take or carry people or goods from one place to another by means of a vehicle, aircraft, or ship) 4. Alaska has natural resources. (existing or available in large quantities; plentiful) 5. T he researchers said that smiling would help you to stressful situations. (to succeed in dealing with a problem or difficulty)

Answer & Translation 1. expansion | 사막의 확장은 오늘날 중 요한 환경 문제이다. (더 커지거나 넓어지는 활동) 2. alternative | 곤충은 전통적인 육류 생 산에 대한 장래성 있는 대안이다. (둘이나 그 이상의 이용할 수 있는 가능성 중 하나) 3. transport | 강은 여전히 화물을 여기저 기로 수송하는 데 이용된다. (차량, 비행기 혹 은 배를 이용해 사람이나 물건을 한 장소에 서 다른 장소로 이동시키다) 4. abundant | 알래스카는 풍부한 천연자 원을 가지고 있다. (많은 양으로 존재하거나 이용 가능한; 풍부한) 5. overcome | 미소를 짓는 것은 여러분 이 스트레스를 주는 상황을 극복하는 데 도 움을 줄 것이라고 연구자들이 말했다. (문제 나 어려움을 처리하는 데 성공하다)

Chapter 03 글의 제목

17


정답과 해설 7쪽

01

6049-0012

02

6049-0013

다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?

다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?

Computer programmers call annoying program errors “bugs”; when they’re “debugging,” they’re actually finding and fixing errors. Debugging can

We see the effects of lack of knowledge on creative performance every day, when people come up with ideas that are original for them but

practice debugging by thinking of a product you use every day: your refrigerator, your toothbrush, your car keys, even your bathroom toilet. Now,

considered one of the most brilliant mathematical thinkers ever. Because of his lack of contact with the outside world, he unknowingly spent much of

be a boost to creativity—and a good way to come up with questions—because tiny annoyances are often symptoms of bigger problems. You can

write down every disadvantage you can think of. The product’s flaws don’t all have to make sense. Be unreasonable, be unfair, go on the attack. My toilet occasionally overflows; the seat is always up or down at the wrong time; it’s cold in winter; sitting there is boring; the flush is so loud it’s embarrassing. Once you have a list, think of ways to get rid of the bugs in order to make the product more efficient or more pleasant to use. ✽flush

(변기의) 물을 내림

① Find Bugs to Solve Problems! ② Why Is Debugging So Difficult? ③ Little Annoyances Are No Big Deal ④ A Bug Is Always an Unwelcome Guest ⑤ Only a Few Bugs Can Cause Severe Damage

18

EBS 수능완성 영어

that nevertheless have been thought of before. A strikingly pitiful case of this phenomenon is that of the Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan,

his lifetime independently “rediscovering” much of what was already known in Western mathematics. Had he first gained a broad perspective of his field,

he could have avoided this amazing yet useless career and instead turned his considerable talents to advancing, not rehashing, the mathematical knowledge base.

✽rehash

그대로 반복하다

① How to Build Confidence in Math ② Calm Your Mind and Increase Creativity ③ Making Mistakes: The Nature of Innovation ④ Lack of Information: A Cause of Vain Efforts ⑤ Getting Ahead in Your Career Is Not Everything


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03

6049-0014

04

6049-0015

다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?

다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?

If you tend to undervalue yourself, you are almost certainly applying double standards: underrating yourself just because you are you and not someone

Many scientists look on chemistry and physics as ideal models of what psychology should be like. After all, the atoms in the brain are subject to

someone else examining you as you are now, would you think differently? Are you downgrading your view of yourself just because it is you? Do

terms of those same basic principles? The answer is no, simply because even if we understood how each of our billions of brain cells work separately,

else. If you do value yourself less than you value other people, ask yourself “Why?” Is this fair? If you look at yourself from outside, as if you were

you have one standard for others and a higher standard for yourself? If you do apply these double standards, you are constantly undermining yourself.

It is like trying to build a house on top of a swamp. The house will not last, and its foundations will be constantly eroded. ✽swamp

늪지대

① Try to Always Be Self-critical ‌ ② Have a Positive Attitude Toward Others ‌ ③ Trust Your Own Judgment over That of Others ④ Foster Personal Growth by Learning New Skills ⑤ Value Yourself by Eliminating Double Standards

the same all-inclusive physical laws that govern every other form of matter. Then can we also explain what our brains actually do entirely in

this would not tell us how the brain works as an agency. The “laws of thought” depend not only upon the properties of those brain cells but also on

how they are connected. And these connections are established not by the basic, “general” laws of physics, but by the particular arrangements of the millions of bits of information in our inherited genes. To be sure, “general” laws apply to everything. But, for that very reason, they can rarely explain anything in particular.

① How Are Brain Cells Damaged? ② Is the Mind Mightier Than the Body? ③ Protect Your Brain Before It’s Too Late ④ Is Intelligence Genetically Inherited or Acquired? ⑤ The Brain Works Beyond General Physical Laws

Chapter 03 글의 제목

19


CHAPTER

04

글의 요지 글의 대의 파악 능력을 측정하는 문제 유형 중 하나로, 단순히 주제나 소재 파악을 넘어 글의 중심 생각을 이해하는 능력을 측정한다. 글의

유형 분석

구조를 파악하며 중후반 이후까지 읽고 정답을 판단하는 것이 중요하다.

Let’s Check It Out | 정답과 해설 10쪽 |

6049-0016

다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은?

Important decisions take time, commitment, and thought. While we usually don’t make these types of decisions in haste, many people choose a companion animal based on impulse. A cell phone or car can be sold or traded in if it doesn’t perform well or is quickly outgrown, but animals shouldn’t be thought of as commodities. And unlike switching colleges or majors when we change our minds, it is not reasonable to assume that if a pet doesn’t perform well or we outgrow our interest, we can just get rid of it or neglect it. It’s a big step to bring an animal into a household, and there are big decisions that should be made before that happens. ✽outgrow

① 반려동물을 돌보는 일에는 많은 비용과 노력이 든다. ② 반려동물을 기르면 자녀의 책임감을 길러줄 수 있다. ③ 반려동물을 들이기 전에 미리 같이 지내보는 것이 좋다. ④ 반려동물을 기르려면 필요한 양육 정보를 공부해야 한다. ⑤ 반려동물을 집에 들이는 데에는 신중한 결정이 필요하다.

 commitment 헌신, 전념  trade

in ~을 (돈을 더 주고) 새것으로 바꾸다

 commodity 상품

20

EBS 수능완성 영어

 get

rid of ~을 버리다

 neglect 소홀히 하다

나이가 들면서 ~에 흥미를 잃다


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● 글의

해결 전략

앞부분에서 글의 소재를 파악하고 그 소재에 대한 필자의 의견이 표현된 문장을 찾는다.

● 연결어나 ●글

반복되는 어구를 통해 글의 논리 전개를 파악한다.

전체의 내용을 적절히 아우르는 글의 요지를 파악한다.

Let’s Solve It with Strategies STEP 1

글의 앞부분에서 글의 소재를 가능한 한 구체화한다. ● Important

decisions take time, ~.: 중요한 결정 ● ~ many people choose a companion animal based on impulse.: 반려동물을 선택하는 충동적인 결정  소재: 반려동물을 선택하는 결정

STEP 2

연결어와 예시를 통해 글의 논리적 전개 방식을 파악한다.

대조: 상품 vs. 반려동물 / 대학 또는 전공 변경 vs. 반려동물을 버리거나 소홀히 하는 행위

phone or car ~, but animals shouldn’t be thought of as commodities. ● ‌And unlike switching colleges or majors ~, it is not reasonable to assume that if a pet doesn’t perform well ~. ● A cell

STEP 3

필자의 의견이 담긴 문장을 찾아 소재에 대한 필자의 생각을 요지로 정리한다. ● ‌~, ● ‌~,

but animals shouldn’t be thought of as commodities.: 반려동물이 상품으로 간주되면 안 된다. it is not reasonable to assume that ~, we can just get rid of it or neglect it.: 반려동물을 버리

거나 소홀히 하는 것이 사리에 맞지 않다. ● ‌~

there are big decisions that should be made before that happens.: 중요한 결정이다.

 요지: 반려동물을 집에 들이는 데에는 신중한 결정이 필요하다.

Vocabulary Review 영영 풀이를 참고하여 빈칸에 알맞은 말을 Vocabulary in Conte t에서 찾아 쓰시오.

1. He decided to his old desktop computer. (to give something old as part of the payment for something) 2. Teachers should not the importance of students’ motivation. (not to give enough care or attention to people or things) 3. The director was impressed by her strong to the role. (a willingness to give your time and energy to something) 4. Natural gas is an important that provides energy. (something that can be bought and sold) 5. She tried some natural home remedies to garden. (to remove or throw away something unwanted)

ants from her

Answer & Translation 1. trade in | 그는 자신의 낡은 책상용 컴 퓨터를 돈을 더 주고 새것으로 바꾸기로 결 정했다. (어떤 것에 대한 지불 금액의 일부로 낡은 것을 주다) 2. neglect | 교사들은 학생들의 동기의 중 요성을 소홀히 해서는 안 된다. (사람이나 사 물에 충분한 돌봄이나 관심을 주지 않다) 3. commitment | 감독은 그 역할에 대 한 그녀의 강한 헌신에 깊은 인상을 받았다. (어떤 것에 시간과 에너지를 기꺼이 들임) 4. commodity | 천연가스는 에너지를 제 공하는 중요한 상품이다. (사고팔 수 있는 어 떤 것) 5. get rid of | 그녀는 정원에서 개미를 제 거하기 위해 몇 가지 자연적인 가정 치료법 을 시도했다. (원치 않는 것을 제거하거나 버 리다)

Chapter 04 글의 요지

21


정답과 해설 10쪽

01

6049-0017

02

6049-0018

다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은?

다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은?

When a patient in a mental hospital says to you, “I want to go home,” you don’t necessarily take it seriously or try to help her get the paperwork

Most patients are keen to have information about a proposed treatment and its likely outcome. If they are not, or are simply not ready to have it

encouragement. When a manager wants to “go home” after a long day of work, you know that the trip is short and that he will be back the following

review. All patients need to be aware of the core facts or their consent may be considered invalid. They also need the facts to be given in a way they

and permissions completed. However, when a college student is talking about “going home” for the holidays, you feel supportive and offer

day. When a psychologist talks to you about “going home” mentally to heal childhood wounds, you may begin a new thought process that lasts for

years. Meaning doesn’t come from words. Meaning depends on who says the words to whom, when, and for what purpose. The more common the word, the more meanings it probably has.

① 말은 말하는 사람의 인격을 반영한다. ② 비유적인 표현은 의사소통을 방해한다. ③ 말보다 글이 의미를 더 정확하게 전달한다. ④ 표현된 말보다는 생각의 과정이 더 중요하다. ⑤ 말의 의미는 말하는 사람과 상황에 따라 달라진다.

yet, they still need to know that the information is on offer and should be encouraged to keep their decision to refuse, or limit, information under

understand. A bland menu of options is generally unhelpful and can be difficult for patients to assess in a meaningful way. Advice about what is likely to

be most effective or appropriate for their particular situation is often more helpful. Sometimes, it is unclear how much the patient is taking in,

particularly when the news is bad, unexpected or very complicated. In such cases, the health team should give patients time to reflect and encourage them to ask questions. ✽bland

단조로운

① ‌환자는 의료진의 치료 계획을 신뢰하고 존중해야 한다. ② 환자는 자신이 원하는 치료 방법을 선택할 권리가 있다. ③ ‌환자는 중요한 치료 정보를 이해하기 쉽게 제공받아야 한다. ④ ‌의료진은 환자의 진료와 관련된 사생활의 비밀을 유지해야 한다.

⑤ ‌치료 정보에 대한 환자 만족도가 치료 결정에서의 갈등을 줄인다.

22

EBS 수능완성 영어


www.ebsi .co.kr

03

6049-0019

04

6049-0020

다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은?

다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은?

When you ask passionate readers how much time they spend reading every day, most can’t tell you a concrete number of minutes or hours. They don’t

Since history represents a body of information, people frequently try to look at it as a science and to propose scientific explanations for historical

four hours a week, and many shared that they read as much as twenty hours a week. During weekends, holiday breaks, and vacations, passionate readers

Newton’s laws in physics. Of course, natural laws do come into play—people are physically subject to the law of gravitation and biologically subject

know. Passionate readers don’t keep reading logs. Nevertheless, 78 percent of our Passionate Reader Survey respondents reported reading more than

read upward of forty hours a week. Passionate readers don’t have more hours in the day than other people, so how do they find the time? It turns out

that they read in the edge times, grabbing a few minutes of reading time between appointments, while waiting for their children during dance practice, or before falling asleep at night. Life is full of wasted moments in between our daily commitments. ① 독서 일지 작성이 독서에 대한 흥미를 증가시킨다. ② 독서량을 늘리려면 규칙적인 독서 습관이 필요하다. ③ 독서에 할애하는 시간보다 몰입하는 정도가 더 중요하다. ④ 열렬한 독서가들은 자투리 시간을 독서에 최대한 활용한다. ⑤ ‌독서의 목적을 분명히 하면 독서에 대한 열정을 키울 수 있다.

events and developments. History would indeed be easy to understand if all events could be accounted for on the basis of a set of simple laws like

to the law of death. But in the actual historical situation there are so many complex and variable factors, so much of the unpredictable human element, that it is impossible to use the ordinary scientific notion of “law.” There are no identical situations, only parallels; there are no laws, only tendencies; there is no inevitability, only likelihood. There are always opportunities and alternatives for purposeful human action, just as there are always conditions limiting what people can accomplish by their action. ✽gravitation

중력

① 역사는 발전과 퇴보를 끊임없이 반복한다. ② 역사 연구는 과거를 통해 미래를 조명한다. ③ 역사 공부를 통해 인간의 본질을 알 수 있다. ④ 과학 법칙에 대한 이해는 역사 이해에 도움이 된다. ⑤ 과학적 의미의 법칙으로 역사를 설명하기는 어렵다.

Chapter 04 글의 요지

23


CHAPTER

05

어법 다섯 개의 밑줄 친 부분 중에서 틀린 것을 찾아내는 유형과 네모 안에 제시된 세 쌍의 표현 중에서 맞는 것을 찾아내는 유형이 있다. 매년 두 개

유형 분석

의 유형 중 한 문항이 출제되고 있으며 최근에는 세부적인 문법 사항을 묻는 문항과 문장의 구조를 파악하는 유형이 함께 출제되고 있다.

Let’s Check It Out | 정답과 해설 12쪽 |

6049-0021

(A), (B), (C)의 각 네모 안에서 어법에 맞는 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은?

Selina was almost in tears when her country’s flag rose as third placer together with the first and second placers’ countries’ flags. Although the music that was played was the national anthem of the first placer, her feelings were indescribable, as everyone stood erect in great silence (A) respectful / respectfully watching these three flags rise up to the ceiling of the huge auditorium. As Selina watched her country’s flag rise very slowly, all that she had underwent through the years (B) rushing / rushed through her mind. Here, her thoughts and feelings of the impossibility of winning over huge opponents were proven otherwise. And for the very first time she felt very proud of herself and her accomplishments after all the years of international bodybuilding participation. She knew at this point of time (C) that / what this was no miracle. ✽national

(A) ① respectful ② respectful ③ respectfully ④ respectfully ⑤ respectfully

…… …… …… …… ……

(B) rushing rushed rushed rushing rushed

…… …… …… …… ……

(C) that what that what what

 flag 국기, 깃발

 auditorium 강당

 stand

 opponent 상대편

 indescribable 말로 다 할 수 없는, 형언할 수 없는

erect 기립하다, 똑바로 서다

 respectfully 경의를 표하며  ceiling 천장

 huge 거대한, 매우 큰

24

EBS 수능완성 영어

 undergo 겪다, 받다, 경험하다

 otherwise 다르게, 다른 방법으로  accomplishment 성취, 업적  participation 참가, 참여

anthem 국가


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해결 전략

● 문장의

구조를 파악하면서 전체 글의 내용 이해에 초점을 맞추어 글을 읽는다.

● 문법적

지식과 글 전체의 흐름에 비추어 밑줄이나 네모로 제시된 항목의 적절성을 확인한다.

● 문장의

구조 파악, 수의 일치, 태, 분사, 동명사, 대등한 연결, 관계사, 형용사, 부사 등 자주 출제되는 문법 항목을 정리해 둔다.

Let’s Solve It with Strategies STEP 1

글의 전반적인 내용을 개략적으로 파악한다.

Selina  보디빌딩 국제 대회에서 3위에 입상

시상대 위에 올라 감격스러워 함

자신의 성취를 자랑스럽게 여김

STEP 2

네모 부분의 문법 항목을 판단한다.

STEP 3

문장 구조와 문맥을 고려하여 어법에 맞는 표현을 찾는다.

(A) 분사 수식: 형용사 vs. 부사 (B) 주어와 술어 파악: 분사 vs. 술어동사 (C) 명사절: 접속사 vs. 관계사

(A) 바로 뒤에 놓인 분사 watching을 수식해야 한다.  부사 respectfully가 적절 (B) all that she had underwent through the years를 주어로 하는 술어동사가 필요하다.  동사 rush에 과거 시제가 표현된 rushed가 적절 (C) knew의 목적어 역할을 할 명사절이 필요한데, 절 안에 주어와 보어 등 필수 성분이 모두 들어 있다.  완전한 절을 유도하는 접속사 that이 적절

Vocabulary Review 영영 풀이를 참고하여 빈칸에 알맞은 말을 Vocabulary in Conte t에서 찾아 쓰시오.

1. The palace is famous for its painted (the inner surface of the top part of a room) 2. (very large)

s.

pine trees shadowed the house.

3. I overwhelmed my in the first game. (someone who you compete against in a game) 4. A is swinging because of the wind. (a piece of cloth used as a symbol or to attract attention)

Answer & Translation 1. ceiling | 그 궁전은 색칠된 천장으로 유 명하다. (방 안쪽 표면의 가장 높은 부분) 2. Huge | 거대한 소나무 그림자가 그 집을 덮고 있었다. (매우 큰) 3. opponent | 나는 첫 경기에서 상대를 압도했다. (경기에서 상대하여 경쟁하는 사람) 4. flag | 깃발이 바람 때문에 나부끼고 있 다. (상징으로 혹은 주의를 끌기 위해 사용되 는 한 조각의 천) 5. undergo | 그녀는 수술을 받아야 할 것 이다. (무언가를 경험하거나 견디어 내다)

5. She will have to an operation. (to experience or endure something)

Chapter 05 어법

25


정답과 해설 12쪽

01

6049-0022

(A), (B), (C)의 각 네모 안에서 어법에 맞는 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은?

“Will this be on the test?” is a common question that students ask when faced with an upcoming exam. Sometimes your professor will provide hints about what to focus on, but r a r e l y ( A ) they will / will they r e v e a l w h a t

you don’t need to know. So be as thorough as possible in your studies. Be aware, though, that sometimes there’s just too much material to (B) remember / be remembered all the fine details. When that happens, you will have to decide for yourself what is important. This is a part of learning. Sometimes it helps to learn the important concepts thoroughly and then, if there’s time, (C) commit / commits the minor details to shortterm memory just well enough to recall them on the exam if needed. But don’t try to cram in too much! You will likely get the information confused. ✽cram

(A) ① they will ② they will ③ will they ④ will they ⑤ will they

26

…… …… …… …… ……

EBS 수능완성 영어

(B) remember be remembered be remembered remember remember

…… …… …… …… ……

밀어 넣다

(C) commit commits commits commit commits

02

6049-0023

다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중, 어법상 틀린 것은?

Online communities provide social and political outlets that were not possible before the invention of the Internet. They also allow for new forms of political and social engagement that ① are not subject to control by gatekeepers who exercise power in a vertical, top-down fashion. The interests of the user determine ② whose users interact with. But the very power of peer-to-peer relationships should give pause to those engaged in ③ them, as sometimes this engagement comes at great expense to personal privacy. This is not to say that an individual should avoid participating in social networking activities, only ④ that the individual should consciously choose what personal information to reveal to the world. Though individuals might not realize it, through the release of this information the individual is creating a digital identity that once ⑤ formed can be difficult to change.


www.ebsi .co.kr

03

6049-0024

다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중, 어법상 틀린 것은?

Both Vietnam and Brazil are major producers of black pepper, but they found it hard ① to sell their pepper even at cut-rate prices after India had a

huge crop in 2001. So Vietnam turned in a big way to the production of shrimp. Over 1 million acres are now in ponds, and the value of the country’s

shrimp exports in 2001 ② were $780 million. That’s impressive, but shrimp prices are declining, too, and shrimp production is technically risky,

especially when the producers are small and ③ heavily indebted, as they typically are in Vietnam. In a world as tightly knit as ours today, it’s not just the Vietnamese shrimp producers who are in trouble. American shrimpers on the Gulf Coast now supply only 15% of the American

market, and the prices they receive at the dock are so low ④ that many are going out of business. Perhaps their future lies in advertising their product as wild, instead of farmed. For the moment, they’re hoping a new tariff on imported shrimp will save ⑤ them. Restaurant owners are opposed to a tariff, of course, as are the Vietnamese. ✽tariff

관세

04

6049-0025

(A), (B), (C)의 각 네모 안에서 어법에 맞는 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은?

To explore the effects of mood on communication,

researchers asked either happy or sad participants to accept or reject the videotaped statements of targets who were questioned after a staged theft,

and were either guilty, or not guilty. The targets ( A) instructed / were instructed to e ith e r s te a l or leave in place a movie pass in an empty room,

unobserved by anyone, and then deny taking the movie ticket. So some targets were lying and some were telling the truth when denying the theft. Those in a positive mood were more likely to accept denials as truthful. Sad participants made significantly more guilty judgements, and were significantly better at (B) correct / correctly detecting deceptive (guilty) targets. Negative affect thus improved the accurate distinction of truths from lies in the observed interviews. A signal detection

analysis also confirmed that sad judges were more accurate in detecting deception (identifying guilty targets as guilty) than (C) did / were neutral or happy judges, consistent with the predicted moodinduced processing differences.

✽staged

(A) ① instructed ② instructed ③ were instructed ④ were instructed ⑤ were instructed

…… …… …… …… ……

일부러 꾸민

(B) correctly correct correctly correct correctly

…… …… …… …… ……

✽✽theft

절도

(C) were did were were did

Chapter 05 어법

27


CHAPTER

06

어휘 문맥상으로 부적절하게 쓰인 어휘를 밑줄 친 부분 중에서 고르는 유형과 세 개의 네모 안에 어휘를 두 개씩 제시하고 적절한 어휘의 배합을

유형 분석

선택하는 유형이 있다. 적절한 어휘 대신 반의어나 무관한 어휘를 밑줄로 제시하거나 적절한 어휘와 그것의 반의어나 무관한 어휘를 네모 안에 함께 제시하는 형태로 출제된다.

Let’s Check It Out | 정답과 해설 15쪽 |

(A), (B), (C)의 각 네모 안에서 문맥에 맞는 낱말로 가장 적절한 것은?

6049-0026

We often forget that the main purpose of criticizing is not to be negative but to be constructive: to fix something. But general criticism is (A) productive / destructive . It doesn’t lead anyone to know how to fix things; it just makes people feel bad. We all have different verbal and visual styles and conceive different ways to say the same thing. But, unless you can explain (B) generally / specifically , you haven’t started fixing anything. To help the criticized person know how to fix what you object to, define exactly what went wrong and why it is unsatisfactory. Most people are so sensitive to criticism that they’ll say, “Yes, I understand,” when they actually don’t, just to get the criticism to end. Specific examples for improvement as well as specific descriptions of exactly what you mean are a (C) must / variable . (A) ① productive ② productive ③ destructive ④ destructive ⑤ destructive

…… …… …… …… ……

(B) generally specifically generally specifically specifically

…… …… …… ……

 negative 반대[부정]하는

 define 분명히 밝히다, 규정하다

 verbal 언어의, 말로 된

 improvement 개선, 향상

 constructive 건설적인

 conceive (생각을) 품다, 임신하다

28

……

(C) must variable must variable must

EBS 수능완성 영어

 sensitive 민감한

 description 기술, 서술


www.ebsi .co.kr

해결 전략

● 글의

주제와 요지를 파악하여 이와 일관성 있는 내용의 문장이 되도록 어휘를 선택한다.

● 문장

앞뒤의 내용에서 답의 근거가 되는 부분을 찾는다.

● 문장을

이어 주는 연결사를 고려하여 논리적 흐름을 자연스럽게 하는 어휘를 고른다.

Let’s Solve It with Strategies STEP 1

첫 번째 문장에서 글의 주제와 요지를 파악한다.

비판의 목적은 건설적으로 상황을 바로잡도록 하는 것이고 그렇게 하려면 비판을 구체적으로 해야 한다는 내 용의 글이다. STEP 2

각 네모의 전후 문맥을 살펴서 문맥에 맞는 낱말을 고른다.

STEP 3

적절한 어휘를 선택한 후에 글의 흐름이 자연스러운지 확인한다.

(A) ‌뒤에 이어지는 문장에서 두루뭉술한 비판은 상황을 바로잡을 방법은 알려 주지 않고 상대의 기분만 상하 게 한다고 부연하고 있으므로, ‘파괴적인’이라는 뜻의 destructive가 적절하다. (B) ‌비판을 받는 사람이 무엇이 잘못되었고 왜 잘못되었는지를 구체적으로 알도록 해야 바로잡기를 시작하는 것이라는 내용이 이어지는 것으로 보아 ‘구체적으로’라는 뜻의 specifically가 적절하다. (C) ‌비판하려는 내용에 대한 구체적인 설명뿐만 아니라 구체적인 예도 제시해야 한다는 내용이므로, ‘필수적인 것’을 의미하는 must가 적절하다.

각 네모에서 선택한 어휘들이 글의 중심 생각과 일관성 있게 진술되고 있음을 확인할 수 있다.

Vocabulary Review 영영 풀이를 참고하여 빈칸에 알맞은 말을 Vocabulary in Conte t에서 찾아 쓰시오.

1. He is very to weather conditions and easily catches a cold. (easily influenced, changed, or damaged) 2. You need to take time to what is really important in your life. (to explain and describe the meaning and exact limits of something) 3. He didn’t criticize, but rather he tried to present to the problem. (being useful and intended to help or improve something)

solutions

4. R esearchers found that learning a new skill can have a remarkable in memory. (the quality of being better than before) 5. He d the plot of his first film staying in Africa. (to think of or to create (something) in the mind)

Answer & Translation 1. sensitive | 그는 날씨 상황에 매우 민감 해서 쉽게 감기에 걸린다. (쉽게 영향을 받거 나, 변하거나, 손상을 입는) 2. define | 여러분은 자신의 삶에서 정말 로 중요한 것이 무엇인지를 명확히 하기 위 한 시간을 가질 필요가 있다. (어떤 것의 의미 와 정확한 한계를 설명하고 묘사하다) 3. constructive | 그는 비판하지 않았고 오히려 그 문제에 대한 건설적인 해결책을 제시하려고 애썼다. (유용한 그리고 어떤 것 을 돕거나 향상시키려고 하는) 4. improvement | 연구자들은 새로운 기술을 배우는 것이 기억력에서 놀라운 향상 을 가져다줄 수 있다는 것을 밝혀냈다. (이전 보다 더 좋아지는 특성) 5. conceive | 그는 아프리카에 머물면서 그의 첫 영화의 줄거리를 (마음속으로) 생각 했다. (마음속에서 (어떤 것을) 생각하거나 만 들어 내다)

Chapter 06 어휘

29


정답과 해설 15쪽

01

6049-0027

02

6049-0028

다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중, 문맥상 낱말의 쓰임이 적절하지 않은 것은?

다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중, 문맥상 낱말의 쓰임이 적절하지 않은 것은?

Most of us assume that for people to communicate

The creativity that children possess needs to

well they must share precise meanings for events and words and that people always need to be clear and unambiguous to ① achieve good communication.

be cultivated throughout their development. Research suggests that overstructuring the child’s environment may actually ① limit creative and

our communication. Being ambiguous can have two main ③ benefits. First, ambiguity can help people with diverse sets of opinions collaborate

options and to focus on predetermined results. The answers are structured to fit the course assessments, and the wonder of science is ③ appreciated along

Of course, people often need to share meaning and ② clarity in communication. Yet there are times when we may need or want to be less than clear in

academic development. This is a central problem with much of science instruction. The exercises or activities are devised to ② eliminate different

with each other. If there is ambiguity about what beliefs or values are important, people may assume they share the same beliefs and values and be ④ willing to work together. When communication

with cognitive intrigue. We define cognitive intrigue as the wonder that stimulates and intrinsically motivates an individual to voluntarily engage in an activity. The loss of cognitive intrigue

creativity. For example, sometimes teachers may be ambiguous in their instructions about how to complete a particular assignment to encourage students to be creative in the way they accomplish

toys, games, and lessons that are an end in and of themselves and require ⑤ little of the individual other than to master the planned objective.

is clear, the differences between people become more distinct and may lead to excessive conflict. Second, ambiguous communication can ⑤ inhibit

the task.

30

EBS 수능완성 영어

may be initiated by the sole use of play items with predetermined conclusions and ④ reinforced by rote instruction in school. This is exemplified by

✽predetermine

미리 정하다

✽✽rote

암기


www.ebsi .co.kr

03

6049-0029

04

6049-0030

(A), (B), (C)의 각 네모 안에서 문맥에 맞는 낱말로 가장 적절한 것은?

다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중, 문맥상 낱말의 쓰임이 적절하지 않은 것은?

It is only possible to fully understand a social

Have you ever wondered whether it’s best to have

welfare system by comparing it with other systems and by assessing a system’s place in the worldwide network. Such study may expose widely accepted

an inside or an outside lane in track races like the 200 m where you have to sprint around the bend? Athletes have strong ① preferences. Tall runners

leave. Their claims have been that to grant such leave would diminish American business competitiveness in the world economy. The

race indoors where the track is only 200 m around, so the bends are far tighter and the lanes are reduced in width from 1.22 m to 1 m. This was

truisms as mere opinions. Politicians and corporate leaders in the United States, for example, have (A) resisted / adopted the idea of paid parental

find it harder to negotiate the tighter curve of the inside lane than that of the gentle outer lanes. The situation is even more ② extreme when sprinters

argument sounds (B) less / more convincing when compared to the policy and business practices of America’s competitors in Western Europe. Almost all countries there offer leave with pay not only to

such a severe ③ restriction that it became common for the athlete who drew the inside lane for the final (by being the slowest qualifier on times) to scratch from the final in indoor championships. This was

(C) valid / invalid ; more accurately, it can be asserted that parental leave is not a policy priority in the United States.

the indoor championship roster.

new parents but also to employees with ill family members. Thus the comparative view shows that to claim that such a policy is impossible is clearly

✽truism

because there was so ④ much chance of winning from the inside and a considerable risk of injury. As a result, this event has largely ⑤ disappeared from ✽scratch

(경기 참가 등을) 포기하다

✽✽roster

(운동 경기) 목록

뻔한 사실

(A) (B) (C) ① resisted …… less …… valid ② resisted …… less …… invalid ③ resisted …… more …… valid ④ adopted …… more …… invalid ⑤ adopted …… more …… valid

Chapter 06 어휘

31


CHAPTER

07

지칭 추론 글의 흐름을 올바르게 파악하고 있는지를 확인하는 문항으로 밑줄 친 부분이 가리키는 대상이 다른 하나를 찾는 유형이다. 밑줄 친 부분이

유형 분석

모두 대명사인 문항과 대명사와 명사구가 함께 사용되는 문항이 있다.

Let’s Check It Out | 정답과 해설 18쪽 |

6049-0031

밑줄 친 부분이 가리키는 대상이 나머지 넷과 다른 것은?

One evening, on the way home with a number of companions, Abraham Lincoln discovered a straying horse. The horse was recognized as belonging to a man who was accustomed to excess in drink, and it was suspected at once that ① the owner was not far off. A short search only was necessary to confirm the suspicions of the young men. ② The drunkard was found in a perfectly helpless condition, upon the chilly ground. Lincoln’s companions urged the cowardly policy of leaving ③ him to his fate, but young Lincoln would not hear to the proposition. At his request, ④ the miserable man was lifted to his shoulders, and he actually carried him 440 yards to the nearest house. Sending word to his father that he should not be back that night, he attended and nursed the man until the morning, and had the pleasure of believing that ⑤ he had saved his life. ✽straying

 belong  be

to ~의 것이다, ~에 속하다

accustomed to ~하는 버릇이 있다, ~에 익숙하다

 excess 과함, 지나침

 suspect 생각하다, 의심하다

 confirm 확인하다

 urge 강력히 권하다

 suspicion 의심

32

EBS 수능완성 영어

길을 잃은

 cowardly 비겁한, 겁이 많은  policy 방침, 정책  leave

one to one’s fate ~을 방치하다, ~을 운명에 맡기다

 proposition 제안, 명제  request 요청

 miserable 비참한, 보잘것없는

 attend 보살피다, 주의를 기울이다


www.ebsi .co.kr

● 글에

해결 전략

등장하는 대상 간의 관계를 파악한다.

● 가리키는 ● 문맥을

대상이 지칭하는 것을 확인한다.

고려하여 가리키는 대상이 다른 것을 찾는다.

Let’s Solve It with Strategies STEP 1

글의 도입부에 등장하는 두 대상 간의 관계를 파악한다.

링컨이 집으로 돌아오는 중에 술에 취해 도움이 필요한 사람을 발견하고 그 남자를 도와준다는 내용으로 도움 을 베푼 사람인 링컨과 도움을 받은 술에 취한 사람이 등장한다. STEP 2

가리키는 대상이 지칭하는 것을 각각 확인한다.

①은 길 잃은 말의 주인을 가리킨다. ②는 술에 취한 사람을 가리킨다. ③은 차가운 땅 위에 무력하게 놓여 있 어 목숨이 위태로운 운명에 처한 사람을 가리킨다. ④는 링컨이 가장 가까운 집까지 데리고 간 사람을 가리킨 다. ⑤는 위험한 처지에 놓인 사람을 도와주고 즐거워하는 사람을 가리킨다. STEP 3

문맥을 고려하여 가리키는 대상이 나머지 넷과 다른 하나를 찾는다.

술에 취한 사람의 목숨을 구해 준 링컨의 일화를 다룬 글이므로, ⑤는 도움을 준 사람인 링컨을 가리키고 나머 지는 모두 도움을 받은 술에 취한 사람을 가리킨다.

Vocabulary Review 영영 풀이를 참고하여 빈칸에 알맞은 말을 Vocabulary in Conte t에서 찾아 쓰시오.

1. He doesn’t even know that people (to have feelings of doubt about something)

him.

2. She sent a fax to her order. (to state or show that something is true or correct) 3. I d her to think again on that issue. (to try to persuade in a serious way to do something) 4. That is a competition that I cannot support. (an idea or belief that guides the way you live or behave) 5. I’d like to put a business to you. (something that is presented to a person to consider)

Answer & Translation 1. suspect | 그는 사람들이 그를 의심하는 것조차 모른다. (어떤 것에 대해 의혹의 감정 을 가지다) 2. confirm | 자신의 주문을 확인하기 위해 그녀는 팩스를 보냈다. (어떤 것이 사실이거 나 맞다고 진술하거나 보여 주다) 3. urge | 나는 그 문제에 대해 다시 생각할 것을 그녀에게 강력히 권했다. (어떤 것을 하 도록 진지한 방법으로 설득하려고 하다) 4. policy | 그것은 내가 지지할 수 없는 경 쟁 방침이다. (삶의 방식이나 행동 방식을 인 도하는 생각이나 신념) 5. proposition | 나는 당신에게 사업상의 제안을 하고 싶습니다. (누군가에게 고려하도 록 제시되는 어떤 것)

Chapter 07 지칭 추론

33


정답과 해설 18쪽

01

6049-0032

02

6049-0033

밑줄 친 she[her]가 가리키는 대상이 나머지 넷과 다른 것은?

밑줄 친 부분이 가리키는 대상이 나머지 넷과 다른 것은?

Victoria appeared to be extremely intelligent as she got older. She had nearly adult conversations with her family by the time she was three. Victoria’s

As though Attean sensed that Matt was annoyed, he stopped, took out his knife, and neatly sliced off two shining gobs of dried sap from a nearby spruce.

mother taught her to read when she was four. And when she was five, her father told ① her she had been named after a queen. Victoria would smile

① He smiled broadly and held out one of them like

a peace offering. “Chew,” ② he ordered. He popped the other piece into ③ his mouth and began to chew

with delight every time he said it. She knew what queens looked like. They were beautiful and wore pretty dresses in all the fairy tales ② she read.

with evident pleasure. Carefully, Matt copied ④ him. The gob fell to pieces between his teeth, filling his mouth with a bitter juice. He wanted

like. Her father always told her that ④ she’d been named after the queen because she looked like her. She knew that she was supposed to look like

together in a rubbery gum, and the first bitterness gave way to a fresh piney taste. To his surprise, it was very good. Once more, Matt acknowledged to

And sometimes they even had magic powers. She knew she had been named after Queen Victoria, but ③ she had no idea what the queen looked

her father’s grandmother, but she had never seen a picture of ⑤ her either, and she wondered if she had been a queen too.

34

EBS 수능완성 영어

to spit it out in disgust, but Attean was plainly enjoying the stuff, so he stubbornly forced ⑤ his jaws to keep moving. In a moment the bits came

himself, Attean had taught him another secret of the forest. ✽gob

of dried sap 마른 수액 덩어리

✽✽spruce

가문비나무


www.ebsi .co.kr

03

6049-0034

04

6049-0035

밑줄 친 부분이 가리키는 대상이 나머지 넷과 다른 것은?

밑줄 친 부분이 가리키는 대상이 나머지 넷과 다른 것은?

Yoshida Shigeru was ambassador to England in the late 1930s. Anxious to avoid a certain Japanese cabinet minister who was visiting London, he

In 1904, promising Mexican artist Diego Rivera met Teodoro A. Dehesa, who governed the state of Veracruz, which is located along the Gulf Coast

ambassador. Suspicious, ② he decided to call at the embassy in person. He happened to pass Yoshida in the lobby and asked ③ him if he might speak to

conditions on the scholarship. First, Mr. Rivera had to send a painting to ② him every six months so Mr. Dehesa could be sure he was making progress.

the ambassador?” he asked. “I am,” said Yoshida. “And, sir, when you hear from Yoshida himself that ⑤ he is out, you can believe it!”

sold enough paintings to pay his way to Europe. While in Europe, ⑤ he faithfully sent a painting to Mr. Dehesa every six months. Mr. Dehesa’s

told ① his staff: “Whenever that man phones, tell him I̓m out.” The order was obeyed; the minister tried in vain on several occasions to reach the

the ambassador. “No, sir,” replied Yoshida. “The ambassador is out.” The minister looked at ④ him with a sudden flash of recognition. “But aren’t you

✽cabinet

minister 장관, 각료 ✽✽embassy 대사관

of Mexico. Mr. Dehesa was impressed with Mr. Rivera’s talent, so he gave ① him a scholarship to study art in Europe. However, Mr. Dehesa put two

Second, Mr. Rivera had to pay ③ his own way to Europe. Fortunately, Mr. Rivera was able to meet both conditions. He had an art show, at which ④ he

scholarship paid off in a big way for Mexico and the world. Mr. Rivera became one of Mexico’s most important artists and a world-class painter.

Chapter 07 지칭 추론

35


CHAPTER

08

실용문 실용적인 글을 읽고 그 내용을 정확하게 파악할 수 있는지를 묻는 유형이다. 글에 제시된 정보와 선택지와의 일치 여부를 물으며 대개 내용

유형 분석

일치 문항과 내용 불일치 문항이 각각 한 문항씩 출제된다.

Let’s Check It Out | 정답과 해설 20쪽 |

American Red Cross Babysitting Course에 관한 다음 안내문의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

6049-0036

American Red Cross Babysitting Course Participants will receive professional Red Cross instruction on many different topics of the babysitters’ responsibilities. Participants will learn characteristics of children, games, activities, basic care, safety, and first aid. 11 years and older at the time of class Ages: (No Exceptions!) Dates: Two Choices (Please choose one class you wish to attend.)  October 23 (Saturday)  November 13 (Saturday) 9:00 am - 4:00 pm Time: Evergreen Community Center Location: $40.00 Fee: Note: Please bring a bag lunch and a baby doll. Registration forms are available at the Evergreen Community Center or at www.evergreen.org. For further questions, please contact the Community Center at 279-8197. ① 참가자는 아동의 특성을 배운다. ③ 이틀 중에 하루를 선택할 수 있다. ⑤ 등록 신청서는 웹사이트에서도 얻을 수 있다.

 Red

Cross 적십자

 participant 참가자

 instruction 지도, 가르침  responsibility 책무

36

EBS 수능완성 영어

② 11세 이상이 참가할 수 있다. ④ 점심과 아기 인형이 제공된다.

 first

aid 응급 처치

 registration

form 등록 신청서

 available 얻을 수 있는, 이용할 수 있는


www.ebsi .co.kr

해결 전략

● 실용문의

종류(안내문, 광고문 등)를 파악한다.

● 선택지의

내용을 본문에서 파악한다.

● 선택지와

본문의 내용 일치 여부를 확인한다.

Let’s Solve It with Strategies STEP 1

어떤 종류의 실용문인지 파악한다.

안내문의 제목과 내용으로 보아 미국 적십자사의 아이 돌보기 과정을 홍보하는 글임을 알 수 있다. STEP 2

선택지의 내용을 제시된 순서대로 본문에서 파악한다.

①은 아이 돌보기 과정을 통해 참가자가 배우게 되는 내용을 언급한 것이다. ②는 참가자의 나이 제한에 관해 언급한 것이다. ③은 날짜 선택 여부에 관해 언급한 것이다. ④는 주목할 사항으로 점심과 아기 인형 제공 여부에 관해 언급한 것이다. ⑤는 등록 신청서를 얻는 방법에 관해 언급한 것이다. STEP 3

선택지와 본문의 내용이 일치하는지를 확인한다.

점심과 아기 인형은 가져오는 것이라고 언급되어 있기 때문에, 본문의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은 ④이다.

Vocabulary Review 영영 풀이를 참고하여 빈칸에 알맞은 말을 Vocabulary in Conte t에서 찾아 쓰시오.

1. He is the youngest in this marathon. (a person who is involved in an activity or event) 2. ‌The after-school program offers reading need it. (the action or process of teaching) 3. You should fill out the form. (the act or process of entering names on an official list) 4. I think I can take on the new . (a duty or task that you are required or expected to do) 5. Do you have a room (easy or possible to get or use)

tonight?

Answer & Translation 1. participant | 그는 이번 마라톤의 최연

to students who

소 참가자다. (어떤 활동이나 행사에 참여하 는 사람) 2. instruction | 방과 후 프로그램은 필요 한 학생들에게 읽기 지도를 제공한다. (가르 침의 행위 또는 과정) 3. registration | 당신은 등록 신청서를 작성하셔야 합니다. (공식적인 목록에 이름을 기입하는 행동이나 과정) 4. responsibility | 나는 그 새로운 책무 를 맡을 수 있다고 생각해요. (당신이 하도록 요구되거나 기대되는 임무 혹은 과업) 5. available | 오늘밤 묵을 방이 있습니 까? (얻거나 사용하기 쉬운 혹은 가능한)

Chapter 08 실용문

37


정답과 해설 20쪽

01

6049-0037

Summer Nights in the Garden에 관한 다음 안내문의 내용과

02

6049-0038

H2Ohh!에 관한 다음 안내문의 내용과 일치하는 것은?

일치하지 않는 것은?

Summer Nights in the Garden There’s the house party, the pool party, and the office party. But we’re going with the garden party! Join us for an evening of good music, food, and performances at the Nature Garden. Spaces are limited and reservations are required for free admission. Saturdays, June through August 4:30 pm – 10:00 pm EACH NIGHT WILL INCLUDE.... MUSIC! Enjoy the soft music of DJ Dan Graves. TOURS! Available at 5:30 pm, *6:30 pm, 7:30

pm: Take a look around the Nature Garden on a tour led by our staff. *Spanish speaking tour at 6:30 pm FOOD! Bring your own snacks or grab a bite

from one of the food trucks in the North Plaza.

PERFORMANCES! Dance performances at

7 pm and 8:30 pm and don’t miss the amazing magic show at 8 pm! RESERVATIONS & MORE DETAILS

Call us at (310) 254-9634.

① 무료로 입장하려면 예약을 해야 한다. ② 6월에서 8월까지 토요일마다 파티가 열린다. ③ 스페인어 안내 투어는 오후 6시 30분에 있다. ④ 외부 음식물의 반입이 금지된다. ⑤ 마술 쇼는 오후 8시에 공연된다.

38

EBS 수능완성 영어

H2Ohh! H2Ohh! is a one-day educational nature program

offered by Yellow Garden to students in grades 1 to 9.

Description: • ‌Catch the wave of water literacy with this innovative and interactive one-day water school. • ‌Introduce the concepts of water quality and wetland environments, and empower students to create a sustainable water future with hands-on program components that bridge science, art, and social studies. * Note: The program is seasonal. Program components include (choose three): • The Story of Stormwater (indoor) • Pond Study (outdoor): grades 1– 6 only • Wetland Walk (outdoor) • ‌The Power of Water (indoor): grades 1– 6 only • ‌Simple Water Testing (indoor): grades 4 – 9 only Place: Yellow Garden Cost: $195 Length: 5 hours For booking information, see the website: www. yellowgarden.org. ① 교사에게 제공되는 일일 프로그램이다. ② 프로그램은 계절과 관계없이 진행된다. ③ 프로그램의 5개 구성 요소 중 3개를 선택할 수 있다. ④ 물의 힘을 알아보는 활동은 야외에서 진행된다. ⑤ 수질 검사 활동은 참가 대상에 대한 제한이 없다.


www.ebsi .co.kr

03

6049-0039

ABU Writing Center에 관한 다음 안내문의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

ABU WRITING CENTER The ABU Writing Center offers ABU students free, one-onone tutorials with experienced tutors trained to respond to writing assignments. All ABU Students Are Welcome at the Writing Center! • ‌Tutors can help with writing projects or assignments in any discipline or genre. • ‌Tutors can help students learn techniques for improving sentences and checking mechanics. (No revision service offered)

How It Works • ‌To meet with a Writing Center tutor, you can either make an appointment in advance or stop by during drop-in hours. • ‌Come with whatever you̓ve got—an assignment, ideas, rough notes, or a partial or full draft. Drop-in hours • ‌Sunday–Thursday evenings, 7–11 p.m. No appointments required. ① ‌경험 있는 개인 지도 교사들이 글쓰기 지도를 해 준다. ② 학문 분야나 장르와 관계없이 도움을 제공한다. ③ 수정 서비스는 제공하지 않는다. ④ 자신이 쓴 완성된 글을 가져와야 한다. ⑤ ‌일요일 저녁 7시부터 11시까지는 예약 없이 방문 가능하다.

04

6049-0040

Pathway and River Cleanup 자원봉사자 모집에 관한 다음 안내문의 내용과 일치하는 것은?

Volunteering for the Pathway and River Cleanup The Pathway and River Cleanup event takes place in May each year with the help of thousands of registered volunteers, who donate their time to help clean up our city’s pathways and river banks. Volunteer registration Registration for the 2016 event starts February 7, 2016 at 6:00 pm at the City Hall. To volunteer for the event, you must be: • 12 years or older • ‌Accompanied by a parent if you’re between 12 and 16 years old Personal safety The personal safety of our volunteers is our top priority! Risks will be minimized as much as possible; however, volunteers should be aware that they may come in contact with the following: • Unstable ground or rocky shorelines • ‌Sharp items (e.g., glass, metal, abandoned needles) • Illegal campsites For more information, visit www. rivercleanup. org. ① 2년마다 개최되는 행사이다. ② 등록은 2월 7일 오후 6시에 마감된다. ③ 참가 나이에 대한 제한이 없다. ④ 날카로운 물건과 접촉할 수 있음을 인지해야 한다. ⑤ 웹사이트는 운영되지 않는다.

Chapter 08 실용문

39


CHAPTER

09

도표 주어진 도표를 보고 이와 일치하지 않는 문장을 찾는 유형이다. 논리적이고 추론적인 능력을 요구하기보다는 도표에 제시된 정보가 문장에

유형 분석

서 정확하게 표현되어 있는지 제대로 확인하는 능력을 요구한다.

Let’s Check It Out | 정답과 해설 22쪽 |

6049-0041

다음 도표의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

US Teens’ Top Sources of Health Information June 2015

* Multiple responses possible.

The above graph shows the percentages of US teens who said they got a lot of health information from the listed sources. ① More than half of those surveyed reported that their parents provided a lot of health information. ② One-quarter of US teens said they received a lot of health information from the Internet. ③ More respondents reported getting a lot of health information from their health classes in school than from their doctors/nurses. ④ The radio, newspaper articles, and magazine articles were some of the least used sources; less than 5% of US teens surveyed reported that they got a lot of health information from each of these sources. ⑤ The percentage for health classes in school was slightly larger than the combined percentage for the Internet and TV news.

 source 출처, 근원

 respondent 응답자

 article 기사

 listed 표에 기재된, 목록에 실린  survey 조사하다; (설문) 조사

40

EBS 수능완성 영어

 slightly 약간, 조금

 combined 합친, 결합된


www.ebsi .co.kr

● 제목과

해결 전략

항목 등을 통해 도표를 전체적으로 파악한다.

● 선택지와

도표의 내용이 서로 일치하는지 하나하나 대조하면서 읽는다.

● 최고/최저,

증가/감소, 항목 간 비교 등을 나타내는 표현에 주목한다.

Let’s Solve It with Strategies STEP 1

도표의 제목과 항목, 글의 도입부를 읽고, 도표 이해를 위한 개요를 파악한다.

STEP 2

선택지와 도표를 하나하나씩 대조하며 읽는다.

미국 10대가 얻는 건강 정보의 여덟 개 주요 출처와 각각의 비율

① 부모님에게서 많은 건강 정보를 얻는다고 말한 응답자의 비율 ② 인터넷에서 많은 건강 정보를 얻는다고 말한 응답자의 비율 ③ 건강 정보의 주요 출처로서 의사 및 간호사와 학교 보건 수업의 비율 ④ 가장 적게 이용되는 출처

⑤ 학교 보건 수업의 비율과 인터넷과 TV 뉴스를 합한 비율의 비교 STEP 3

도표와 내용이 일치하지 않는 선택지를 판별한다.

학교 보건 수업의 비율(32%) vs. 인터넷과 TV 뉴스를 합한 비율(34%)

 ‌학교 보건 수업의 비율이 인터넷과 TV 뉴스를 합한 비율보다 약간 더 컸다고 언급한 ⑤가 도표의 내용과 일치하지 않는다.

Vocabulary Review 영영 풀이를 참고하여 빈칸에 알맞은 말을 Vocabulary in Conte t에서 찾아 쓰시오.

1. Only ten staff members responded to the . (an examination of people’s opinions by asking them questions) 2. List all your s at the end of your essay. (a person, book, or document that supplies you with information) 3. Did you see that about investing for college? (a piece of writing in a magazine, newspaper, etc.) 4. 50% of the s were female. (someone who answers questions, especially in a survey) 5. What is your family’s income? (showing the ​value of two or more things added together)

Answer & Translation 1. survey | 직원 열 명만이 설문 조사에 응했다. (질문하기에 의한 사람들의 의견 조사) 2. source | 과제물 끝부분에 모든 출처를 열거하세요. (여러분에게 정보를 제공하는 사 람, 책, 혹은 문서) 3. article | 대학에 투자하는 것에 관한 그 기사를 봤나요? (잡지, 신문 등에 실린 글 한 편) 4. respondent | 응답자 중 50퍼센트가 여자였다. (특히 설문 조사에서 질문에 답하 는 사람) 5. combined | 가족의 총 수입이 얼마나 되나요? (둘 혹은 그 이상의 것들이 함께 합 해진 가치를 나타내는)

Chapter 09 도표

41


정답과 해설 22쪽

01

6049-0042

다음 도표의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

Percentage of Americans who Read E-books by Device

02

6049-0043

다음 도표의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

Ownership Distribution of Renewable Energy Capacity for Power Production

,

The graph above shows the percentages of Americans aged 18 and older who read e-books on each reading device in 2011 and 2014. ① In 2011, the highest percentage of Americans accessed their e-­books on computers, closely followed by e-readers. ② In 2014, e-reader use increased and computer use decreased, with about twice as many Americans using e-readers as using computers. ③ The least used devices for e-­book reading in 2011 and 2014 were tablets and computers, respectively. ④ The percentage of Americans who read their e­books on e-readers in 2011 was smaller than that of Americans who read their e­-books on cell phones in 2014. ⑤ Tablets recorded the largest percentage point gap between the percentage of Americans who read e-books in 2011 and that in 2014.

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EBS 수능완성 영어

The graph above shows the percentages of ownership distribution of renewable energy capacity for power production in 2012 in Germany. ① Private individuals were by far the leading owners of renewable energy capacity, with the next biggest percentage accounting for less than half that of private individuals. ② The percentage for project firms was the same as that for industry. ③ The percentage of renewable energy capacity owned by farmers was smaller than that of renewable energy capacity owned by investment funds/banks. ④ The percentage of investment funds/banks was more than twice that of other power providers. ⑤ The percentage of renewable energy capacity owned by the “big four” power providers was less than half the percentage owned by farmers.


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다음 도표의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

What Workers Want % saying each job characteristic is “extremely important” to them

The graph above shows what job characteristics US male and female workers found extremely important to them in 2013. ① More than four in ten Americans reported that they felt it was extremely important to have a job they enjoy. ② More than 30 percent of Americans reported job security, as well as the ability to take time off for child care or family needs, to be extremely important. ③ Less than 20 percent of Americans said a high-paying job was extremely important to them. ④ A higher percentage of women than men reported each job characteristic to be extremely important except for opportunities for promotion and high pay. ⑤ The greatest percentage point gap between what male and female workers wanted was found in the importance of having a job that helps society, while the smallest percentage point gap was found in the importance of having opportunities for promotion.

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다음 도표의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

Accuracy or Trustworthiness of the Information Found Using Search Engines

The graph above shows how accurate or trustworthy respondents considered the information found using search engines in 2012. ① As for

teachers who taught advanced placement (AP) courses and were part of the National Writing Project (NWP), only five percent said “all or almost all” of the information they found via search engines was accurate or trustworthy. ② The percentage of teachers who said “some” of the information they found via search engines was accurate or trustworthy was exactly two-fifths. ③ The largest percentage of both teachers and U.S. adult search users said that “most” of the information was accurate or trustworthy. ④ The percentage of U.S. adult search users who said “all or almost all” of the information they found via search engines was accurate or trustworthy was more than one-third. ⑤ The percentage of U.S. adult search users who answered “very little/none” was four times as large as that of U.S. adult search users who answered “don’t know.”

Chapter 09 도표

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CHAPTER

10

세부 내용 파악 글의 세부 내용을 파악하는 능력을 측정하는 유형으로 글의 내용과 선택지의 일치 또는 불일치를 묻는 문제로 출제된다. 인물, 사물, 동물,

유형 분석

식물 등 다양한 소재를 다룬 글이 제시된다.

Let’s Check It Out | 정답과 해설 24쪽 |

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blue marlin에 관한 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

The blue marlin is a large fish that can reach lengths of 11 feet or more. Large members of this species have been observed that weigh over 1,800 pounds. This fish is brown to dark blue on top and white or silver underneath with vertical bar markings on its sides. Blue marlins are found in both the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans, although the Atlantic specimens are smaller. Blue marlins eat other fish, including blackfin tuna and frigate mackerel. They use their bills to strike and kill their prey near the surface of the ocean and eat them. The blue marlin can swim as fast as 50 miles per hour. Little is known about the reproduction of these fish. ✽blackfin

tuna 검정 지느러미 다랑어

✽✽frigate

mackerel 몽치다래

✽✽✽bill

(물고기나 새의) 주둥이, 부리

① 무게가 1,800파운드가 넘는 것도 발견되었다. ② 옆면에 막대 모양 무늬가 세로로 있다. ③ 대서양과 태평양 모두에서 발견된다. ④ 바다 깊은 곳에서 먹이를 잡아먹는다. ⑤ 번식에 대해서는 알려진 것이 거의 없다.

 observe 발견하다, 관찰하다

 underneath 아래에, 밑에  vertical 세로의  bar 막대 모양

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 marking (동물·새·목재의) 무늬[반점]  specimen 표본

 reproduction 번식, 생식


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● 무엇에

해결 전략

●각

관한 내용인지 글의 소재를 파악한다.

선택지의 핵심 내용을 확인하며 글의 내용을 예측한다.

● 글에

제시된 내용을 선택지의 서술 내용과 비교하며 선택지의 일치 여부를 판단한다.

Let’s Solve It with Strategies STEP 1

글의 소재를 파악한다.

STEP 2

선택지의 핵심 내용을 확인하고 글의 내용을 예측한다.

STEP 3

대형 물고기 녹새치(blue marlin)에 관한 글이다.

① 1,800파운드가 넘는 무게

② 옆면의 막대 모양 무늬

④ 먹이를 잡아먹는 장소

⑤ 번식에 대한 사항

③ 발견되는 바다

글의 내용과 선택지의 일치 여부를 판단한다.

① ~ weigh over 1,800 pounds.  일치

② ~ vertical bar markings on its sides.  일치

③ ~ found in both the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans ~.  일치

④ ~ kill their prey near the surface of the ocean and eat them.  불일치 ⑤ Little is known about the reproduction ~.  일치

Vocabulary Review 영영 풀이를 참고하여 빈칸에 알맞은 말을 Vocabulary in Conte t에서 찾아 쓰시오.

1. We have not been able to any improvement. (to see and notice someone or something) 2. Floors are horizontal and walls are . (positioned up and down rather than from side to side) 3. The aquarium has some interesting s of tropical fish. (a single example of something, often an animal or plant) 4. The car was rusty (below or beneath)

.

5. is a genetic game of chance. (the process of producing babies or young animals and plants)

Answer & Translation 1. observe | 우리는 어떠한 개선도 발견 해 낼 수 없었다. (누군가 혹은 무엇인가를 보 고 주목하다) 2. vertical | 바닥들은 수평이고 벽들은 수 직이다. (좌우보다는 상하로 위치한) 3. specimen | 그 수족관에는 열대어의 흥미로운 표본들이 좀 있다. (무언가에 대한 하나의 견본, 흔히 동물이나 식물) 4. underneath | 그 차는 아래에 녹이 슬 었다. (아래에 혹은 밑에) 5. Reproduction | 번식은 유전적인 확 률 게임이다. (새끼나 어린 동식물을 만들어 내는 과정)

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sandfly에 관한 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

Sandflies are tiny (2 to 3mm long), hairy flies with long legs which, in Latin America, are found in forested, tropical areas. Female sandflies feed on blood, causing extremely itchy bites in humans. Sandflies rest in dark, moist habitats (such as the cracks in walls) during the heat of the day,

emerging during the hours of darkness. Sandflies have a short flight range and don’t fly very high; for example, they rarely bite people sleeping on the

2nd floor of a building. Because sandflies are so small, they can get through most standard mosquito netting. You can get special sandfly netting, but this will probably make it hard for most people to breathe. A permethrin-treated net is effective at keeping sandflies out. ✽itchy

가려운

✽✽permethrin

퍼메트린(살충제의 일종)

① 수목으로 뒤덮인 열대 지역에서 발견된다. ② 암컷은 피를 빨아먹고 산다. ③ 뜨거운 낮 동안에는 어둡고 습한 곳에서 지낸다. ④ 매우 높은 곳까지 날아 올라갈 수 있다. ⑤ 대부분의 일반 모기장을 통과할 수 있다.

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Justin Brooks Atkinson에 관한 다음 글의 내용과 일치하는 것은?

Born in Melrose, Massachusetts, the son of a

journalist, Justin Brooks Atkinson was educated at Harvard University, then worked as a reporter for the Springfield Daily News and taught English at

Dartmouth College. Atkinson served in the U.S. Army during World War Ⅰ, after which he became a reporter and assistant to the drama critic of the Boston Evening Transcript. He was the Broadway drama critic for the New York Times from 1925 to 1942, served as a news correspondent in China and Russia during World War II, and assumed his post as drama critic again from 1946 to 1960, when he became critic-at-large (a post he held until 1965). Atkinson authored more than a dozen books and, besides numerous awards for his drama criticism, won a Pulitzer Prize in 1947 for his writings on the Soviet Union. In 1960, New York’s old Mansfield Theatre was renamed the Brooks Atkinson Theatre.

① 대학 교육을 받지 못했다. ② 1차 세계대전이 끝난 후 미국 육군에 입대했다. ③ ‌1925년부터 1942년까지 중국과 러시아에서 뉴스 특파 원으로 근무했다.

④ 1947년에 드라마 비평에 관한 글로 퓰리처상을 받았다. ⑤ 뉴욕의 한 극장이 그의 이름을 따서 개명되었다.

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Irina Ratushinskaya에 관한 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

La Cavalcata Sarda에 대한 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

Irina Ratushinskaya was born in Odessa, Russia

La Cavalcata Sarda is an annual festival held every third Sunday of May in Sassari, a northern town on the island of Sardinia, Italy. Also locally known as ‘the festival of beauty and youth’, this is a folk parade of many representative villages of the island. People gather together to celebrate their communal identity through the exhibition of traditional, colorful and diverse dresses, local products and through the performance of traditional dances and songs. It is a unique event among other similar but local and religious performances and is a lay celebration on a regional scale, attracting participants from all the four provinces of the island. In historical terms this event is relatively modern, its conception being in 1899. Since its creation it has combined traditional ritualistic elements and cultural symbols peculiar to the island’s cultural heritage, which have become extremely popular with contemporary tourism forms.

(now Ukraine), in 1954. She graduated from Odessa University and taught at the Odessa Pedagogical Institute. In 1982 Ratushinskaya

was arrested for anti-government activity and the next year sentenced to seven years in prison. A collection of her poems was published in 1984 by International PEN, with an introduction by Joseph Brodsky. This helped to focus attention on her case. She was released in 1986 and left for England, where her poetry was published by Bloodaxe Books. She returned to Russia in 2001. Her poetry has been translated into many European languages, and she has published numerous collections of poetry and prose, including a chronicle of her prison experiences. Ratushinskaya has won many international awards. ✽chronicle

① 1954년 Odessa에서 태어났다. ② 반정부 활동으로 체포된 적이 있다. ③ 2001년에 석방되어 영국으로 떠났다. ④ 그녀의 시가 여러 언어로 번역되었다. ⑤ 국제적인 상을 여러 차례 수상했다.

연대기

✽lay

일반인의

① 매년 5월 셋째 주 일요일에 열린다. ② 섬을 대표하는 마을들의 민속 가두 행진이다. ③ 다채로운 전통 의상과 지역 특산물이 전시된다. ④ 섬의 네 지방 모두에서 참가자를 끌어들인다. ⑤ 현대적인 형태의 관광산업에 밀려 인기가 시들고 있다.

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CHAPTER

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빈칸 추론 (1) 필자가 말하고자 하는 핵심 내용이 단어나 짧은 어구로 압축되어 있는 부분이 빈칸으로 제시되는 문항으로, 글의 요지 및 주제 파악과 깊은

유형 분석

연관성을 지닌다.

Let’s Check It Out | 정답과 해설 27쪽 |

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다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

Do you feel that you need to get a second opinion before you start on something? Some of us feel the need to test the water, to collaborate, consult or get advice. Sometimes this may be the smart thing to do, say, when we are doing something that requires specialist expertise. But, let’s be honest, most tasks don’t. Our advice hunting is a substitute for . We may even be hoping that the people from whom we seek advice will actually do the work for us. Rather like a child asking for help with their homework, we’re looking for someone better equipped than us to take on the task. ✽test

① ② ③ ④ ⑤

action reality stability multi-tasking understanding

 second

opinion 다른 사람의 의견

 collaborate 협력하다

 consult 상의하다, 상담하다

 specialist 전문적인; 전문가

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the water 남의 반응을 살피다

EBS 수능완성 영어

 expertise (전문) 지식

 substitute 대신하는 것, 대리자; 대신하다  equipped

to ~할 준비가 되어 있는


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● 글의

해결 전략

전반부를 읽고 글의 소재와 전반적인 내용을 파악한다.

● 핵심적인 ● 찾은

어구나 문장에 밑줄을 그으면서 빈칸에 들어갈 말을 뒷받침하는 단서를 찾는다.

단서를 종합하여 글의 내용에 부합하는 선택지를 정답으로 고른다.

Let’s Solve It with Strategies STEP 1

글 전체를 빠르게 읽고 글의 소재와 글의 전개 방향을 파악한다.

소재는 다른 사람에게 조언 구하기인데, 네 번째 문장의 But 앞뒤로 조언을 구하는 일에 대한 상반된 시각이 제시된다.

STEP 2

빈칸에 들어갈 말을 뒷받침하는 단서를 찾는다. ●

조언을 구하는 것은 단순히 상대방과 상의하거나 도움을 얻는 것이 아니라 우리에게 조언을 해 주는 사람이 그 일을 해 주기를 바라는 것일 수도 있다.

숙제를 도와 달라고 부탁하는 아이처럼, 우리는 일을 맡을 준비가 우리보다 더 잘 되어 있는 사람을 찾고 있는 것이다.

STEP 3

찾은 단서를 종합하여 빈칸에 알맞은 선택지를 고른다.

찾은 단서를 통해 다른 사람의 조언을 구하는 것 속에는 그 사람이 우리를 위해 그 일을 해 주기를 바라는 마음 이 있다는 것을 알 수 있으므로, 이를 바탕으로 빈칸에 알맞은 선택지를 고른다.

Vocabulary Review 영영 풀이를 참고하여 빈칸에 알맞은 말을 Vocabulary in Conte t에서 찾아 쓰시오.

1. The two companies agreed to . (to work with another person or group in order to achieve something) in infant education. 2. Janet Lee is a (someone who has a lot of knowledge of or skill in a particular subject) for butter in most cases. 3. Margarine can be used as a (a person or thing that takes the place of someone or something else) 4. The Netherlands has considerable (a high level of knowledge or skill)

in water management.

ing me. 5. My son made the decision without (to talk with someone before you decide something)

Answer & Translation 1. collaborate | 두 회사는 협력하기로 합의했다. (어떤 것을 성취하기 위해서 다른 사람이나 단체와 함께 일하다) 2. specialist | Janet Lee는 영아 교육의 전문가이다. (어느 특정 주제에 관한 많은 지 식이나 기술을 가지고 있는 사람) 3. substitute | 마가린은 대부분의 경우 에 버터의 대용품으로 이용될 수 있다. (어떤 다른 사람이나 어떤 다른 것을 대신하는 사 람이나 것) 4. expertise | 네덜란드는 물 관리에 상당 한 전문지식을 가지고 있다. (높은 수준의 지 식이나 기술) 5. consult | 내 아들은 나와 상의하지 않 고 그 결정을 했다. (어떤 것을 결정하기 전에 누군가와 이야기를 하다)

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다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

In order to work at maximum efficiency, you must handle paper and information effectively. The amount of paperwork, magazines, and professional books you have will determine the amount of storage space you need. Although a certain amount of paperwork is needed on one’s desk at any given time, the rest should be filed for easy access or thrown away. The accumulation of paper and magazines—piles stacked high on your desk, in a corner, or on the coffee table—makes you look messy and inefficient. In passing your office, one might wonder if you ever meet a deadline or if the product of your work looks the same way. The way your office looks can implant a stereotype of you in a viewerʼs mind that may be hard to overcome; therefore, can make a difference in your career path.

The is well illustrated in Bali (Indonesia), a culture with a long and rich tradition of dance and music. The large number of ceremonies that occur annually on the Bali-Hindu calendar involve elaborate displays and performances designed to attract the gods and please the people. Various life-cycle events such as births and funerals are celebrated by special orchestras with music and dance. Some musical instruments, thought to be the gift of the gods, are considered so sacred that they can only be displayed, not actually played. According to one Balinese expert, “Music and dance are spiritual musts. The arts are an invitation for the gods to come down and join the people. There is a very physical contact with the unseen, with the ancestors ... that makes the people in the village very happy.”

① your reading habits ② your office location ③ a clean, organized office ④ a healthy human relationship ⑤ information processing skills

① difference between art and entertainment ② beneficial effect of music on task performance ③ role of religion in promoting trust and cooperation ④ cultural and historical importance of the visual arts ⑤ intimate ‌ interconnectedness of art and religious life

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다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

Most films involve an incredible number of different kinds of media artists and specialists. After a film concludes and as we get up from our

The response to art is based on a number of objective and subjective factors. These include knowledge, taste, values, and tradition, as well

actresses, first assistant director, and second assistant director down to the grips and the makeup artists. Television programs, while usually not as

from contemporary ones. Yet art from the past continues to surprise, engage, and intrigue modern spectators. It is, however, impossible to respond to

seats in a theater, the credits roll, listing the large number of people who were involved in making that film, from the producer, director, actors,

complicated as films, still require many different kinds of artists. For example, there were a dozen writers on the writing team that created the situation comedy Frasier. The show that we see on television is just , so to speak. A simple program, such as a cooking show, could easily have fifteen or twenty people involved in actually making the program. ✽grip

(영화 촬영 때의) 촬영 기사

① the illusion of moving images ② a castle floating in the viewer’s wishes ③ the bridge over the river of past glories ④ the tip of the creation and production iceberg ⑤ a marketplace full of competition and change

as gender, education, emotions, and many more. Most art in the world today was created in past centuries for audiences that differed substantially

art in the same way as the original audience. This should not suggest that art from previous centuries cannot be fully understood or valued. Rather,

it underlines that art is . Today’s viewers think, speak, and behave very differently not only from Renaissance but also early twentieth-century audiences. They know a great deal more about themselves and the world. It would be impossible for anyone in the twenty-first century to respond to, experience, and look at art in the same way as someone from the 1500s or even the 1950s.

① ‌identified based on the social classes that

consume it ② ‌considered special and distinct from ordinary occurrences ③ ‌related with not only artistic values but also economic issues ④ ‌created through collaborations between artists and communities ⑤ ‌a p p r e c i a t e d o n t e r m s c o m p a t i b l e w i t h contemporary culture

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빈칸 추론 (2) 빈칸 추론 문제는 문맥을 통해 빈칸에 들어갈 가장 적절한 말을 추론하는 능력을 측정하는 유형으로, 수능에서 매년 출제 비중이 매우 높고

유형 분석

주로 고난도 지문이 사용된다. 주어진 글의 핵심적인 내용과 관련된 부분이 주로 빈칸으로 제시되기 때문에 글의 중심 생각을 빠르고 정확 하게 파악하는 것이 중요하다.

Let’s Check It Out | 정답과 해설 29쪽 |

6049-0056

다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

Suppose one devotes a great deal of time and energy to making a decision, and then, because of some combination of regret, missed opportunities, and high expectations, one ends up disappointed with the results. The questions this person might ask are, “Why?” or “What went wrong?” or “Whose fault is it?” And what is the likely answer to these questions? When the choice set is small, it seems natural and straightforward to blame the world for disappointing results. “They only had three styles of jeans. What could I do? I did the best I could.” However, when the choice set is large, blaming the world is a much less plausible option. “With so many options available, success was out there to be had. I have only myself to blame for a disappointing result.” In other words, self-blame for disappointing results becomes more likely as . ✽plausible

① ② ③ ④ ⑤

the choice set grows larger the energy devoted is bigger the number of options is limited the time for decision making is shorter the outcome of the choice is unexpected

 devote 쏟다, 바치다

 straightforward 간단한, 쉬운

 end

 self-blame 자기 비난

 regret 후회; 후회하다

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EBS 수능완성 영어

up 결국 ~하게 되다

 blame 탓하다

그럴듯한, 이치에 맞는


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해결 전략

● 글의

소재 및 중심 생각을 파악하고 핵심 어구에 표시를 해 가며 단서를 모은다.

● 다른

문장들과의 논리적 관계에 주목하면서 중심 생각과 어울리는 선택지를 고른다.

● 선택한

선택지를 빈칸에 넣어 보고 문맥상 적절한지 다시 한 번 확인한다.

Let’s Solve It with Strategies STEP 1

글을 빠르고 정확하게 읽어 나가면서 글의 중심 생각을 파악한다.

이 글의 중심 생각은 선택 집단이 작을 때는 그 선택이 잘못 되었을 때 그런 선택을 할 수밖에 없었던 상황을 탓하기 쉽지만, 선택 집단이 클 때는 그 책임을 자신에게 묻는 게 더 그럴듯하다는 것이다. STEP 2

글의 구조와 문장들 간의 논리적 관계에 주목하면서 빈칸에 적절한 내용을 추론한다.

빈칸 앞의 “With so many ~ a disappointing result.”의 내용을 In other words를 이용해 빈칸이 있는 문 장에서 다시 한 번 설명하고 있다.

STEP 3

빈칸이 채워진 문장의 내용과 파악한 중심 생각이 부합하는지 확인한다.

선택 집단이 더 커질수록 실망스러운 결과에 대해 자신을 탓하는 것이 더 이치에 맞는다는 빈칸 문장의 내용은 전체 중심 생각에 부합하는 내용이다.

Vocabulary Review 영영 풀이를 참고하여 빈칸에 알맞은 말을 Vocabulary in Conte t에서 찾아 쓰시오.

1. T he press continued to poor safety standards for the accident. (to say or think that someone or something is responsible for something bad) 2. If you miss this opportunity, you will it someday in the future. (to feel sorry about something you have done and wish you had not done it) 3. ‌On the surface the problem is complicated. (simple and easy to understand)

, but it’s actually a bit

4. After retirement, Mr. Smith is planning to the rest of his life to charity.  (to use all or most of the time, effort, etc. in order to do something or help someone) 5. If you don’t change your attitude, you’ll sooner or later. (to reach or come to a particular place or situation)

Answer & Translation 1. blame | 언론은 계속해서 그 사고에 대 해 부실한 안전 기준을 탓했다. (누군가 또는 무엇인가가 안 좋은 일에 대한 책임이 있다 고 말하거나 생각하다) 2. regret | 이 기회를 놓치면, 당신은 미래 의 언젠가 그것을 후회하게 될 것이다. (당신 이 한 무엇인가에 대해 유감스럽게 느끼고 그렇게 하지 않았으면 좋았을 텐데라고 바라 다) 3. straightforward | 표면상으로 그 문 제는 간단하지만, 실제로는 다소 복잡하다. (간단하고 이해하기 쉬운) 4. devote | 퇴직 후에, Smith 씨는 자신의 남은 인생을 자선 사업에 바칠 계획을 하고 있다. (시간, 노력 등의 전부 혹은 대부분을 무언가를 하거나 남을 돕기 위해 사용하다) 5. end up | 태도를 바꾸지 않으면, 당신은 조만간 결국 직업을 잃게 될 것이다. (특정한 장소나 상황에 도달하거나 처하게 되다)

losing your job

Chapter 12 빈칸 추론 (2)

53


정답과 해설 29쪽

01

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다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

There is a so-called “reverse stress” that can occur when children .

02

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다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

Recent research suggests that

.

They might feel guilty and ashamed of themselves for not caring more. As fifteen-year-old Amanda told me, “I know that I should be doing more to

In a study by educationalists Kapur and Bielaczyc, for example, students were assigned to either a “productive failure” group or a “direct instruction” group. Students in the direct instruction group

like that. I’d rather clean my room and rearrange my closet, or go to the movies. That probably means that I’m not very socially conscious or that

in the productive failure group were given complex problems and then worked in groups with fellow classmates to attempt the problems. The problems

help the environment. My friends are all going door to door to pick up cans and glass for recycling this weekend. But I don’t want to spend my weekend

I’m not ‘politically correct,’ doesn’t it?” There is so much on the news these days about social responsibility that children feel pressure to take

a stance. They know they “should” do this and “should” do that to help. ① are trying to change their habits ② see their lives in the positive way ③ think ‌ their parents show too much interest ④ become aware of the problems of the world ⑤ realize ‌ there is something they cannot possess

54

EBS 수능완성 영어

completed typical lessons on complex math problems. Their teacher helped them successfully solve problems along the way. In contrast, students

were very difficult, and the productive failure group was unable to solve them. During a final lesson, a teacher helped the productive failure group analyze

its failed attempts and provided correct methods. On a final test, the productive failure group scored more than the direct instruction group on both complex problems as well as more straightforward problems. ① group ‌ work can be time-consuming and difficult

to implement ② direct ‌ instruction is the best way to improve educational outcomes ③ solving ‌ math problems can be interesting with step-by-step explanations ④ introducing ‌ difficulties and errors can be very effective in the classroom ⑤ failure ‌ in the classroom can be especially damaging to young students


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03

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04

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다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

In court we have seen many expert witnesses who have an impressive list of degrees and the highest IQs who use a simple vocabulary and adopt obviously simplistic ways to express their ideas. They echo the way they know the average juror speaks and thinks and purposely attempt to relate to them at that level. And the jurors know it. The jurors realize that the expert has purposefully avoided the use of technical terms they won’t understand in order to communicate with them more effectively. They appreciate the expert’s efforts, and view her as sensitive and humble. The

In one study, psychologists Davis, Woolley, and Bruell presented children with a sequence of pictures illustrating a story about a girl, a bird, and a butterfly. The final picture depicted the girl with the bird nearby. The girl was waving her arms as if to fly, and a “thought bubble” above the girl’s head indicated that she was thinking about the butterfly. Children were asked which of the two animals the girl was pretending to be. The girl’s flying actions were consistent with both the bird and the butterfly, so if the children did not understand that , they

expert’s image as intelligent and competent is not diminished in the process either. If anything, it’s enhanced by demonstrating that she has the good judgment to know how to modify her presentation . ✽juror

① to ‌ include a social media strategy ② to ‌ meet the needs of many experts ③ to ‌ make it meaningful to her audience ④ to ‌ show the audience her political belief ⑤ to ‌ debate against the current legal system

배심원

should have chosen randomly between the two animals. However, even 3-year-olds were quite successful at this task, and 4- and 5-year-olds performed perfectly. This study suggests that by age 3, children have begun to understand that the act of pretending involves mental representation. This understanding improves with age, and seems to be relatively well established by about age 5.

① pretending to be something is undesirable ② all creatures can communicate their desires ③ ‌pretending involves thinking about something ④ thoughts and their representations can be different ⑤ ‌a thought bubble can sometimes be misinterpreted

Chapter 12 빈칸 추론 (2)

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CHAPTER

13

연결사 추론 앞뒤 문장을 잇는 고리 역할을 하는 두 개의 연결사를 추론하는 유형으로, 앞뒤 문장의 논리를 자연스럽게 연결하고 글의 응집성을 높이는

유형 분석

연결사를 찾는다.

Let’s Check It Out | 정답과 해설 32쪽 |

6049-0061

다음 글의 빈칸 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

Pain is not always helpful in letting you know the location of the problem. Sometimes pain is felt in one part of the body, but it is actually caused by an injury or illness in another part (A) of the body. This is referred pain. , the pain associated with a heart attack may be felt in the left arm, even though the heart is in the chest. An ulcer or other irritation of the stomach may be perceived as pain in the shoulder. This is because during fetal development the nerves that attach to different organs come out of the spinal cord at levels close to (B) where those organs are located in the fetus. , when the organs migrate to new positions as the fetus grows, the attachments that lead from the spinal cord stay in the same place. As a result, we feel pain as if the affected organs are still located where they were at early stages of embryonic development. ✽fetus

태아

✽✽spinal

cord 척수 ✽✽✽embryonic 배아의

(A) (B) ① In fact …… Likewise ② In fact …… However ③ In addition …… Otherwise ④ For example …… Likewise ⑤ For example …… However

 location 장소, 위치

 perceive 인식하다, 인지하다

 ‌referred

 nerve 신경

 injury 부상

pain 연관통증(關聯痛症)(실제의 환부와 떨어진 자

리에서 느껴지는 통증)  associated  heart

with ~과 연관된

attack 심장 마비

 chest 가슴, 흉부  ulcer 궤양

 irritation 염증, 통증, 아픔

56

EBS 수능완성 영어

 fetal 태아의  attach

to ~에 부착되다

 organ 장기  migrate

to ~으로 이동하다

 attachment 연결부, 부착

 affected (병 등에) 걸린, 침범된


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해결 전략

● 글의

전반부에서 글의 소재나 주제를 파악한다.

● 빈칸

(A), (B)의 앞뒤 문장을 살펴보고, 그 관계(예시, 역접, 대조, 인과, 재진술, 요약 등)를 파악한다.

● 선택한

연결사를 빈칸에 넣고 글의 흐름이 매끄러운지 확인한다.

Let’s Solve It with Strategies STEP 1

글의 전반부에서 글의 소재를 파악한다.

이 글의 소재는 연관통증(聯關痛症)으로, 그것은 부상이나 병으로 인해 실제로 아픈 곳과 다른 신체 부위에서 통증을 경험하는 것을 뜻한다. STEP 2

빈칸 (A), (B)의 앞뒤 문장을 살펴보고, 두 문장의 논리적 관계를 파악한다. ● ‌빈칸

(A) 앞은 실제로 아픈 곳과 다른 신체 부위에서 통증이 느껴지는 연관통증에 관한 설명이고, (A) 뒤는

심장 마비의 통증, 위궤양이나 위의 다른 염증이 다른 곳에서 통증으로 느껴질 수 있다는 내용이다. ● ‌빈칸

(B) 앞은 태아의 발달 초기에는 태아의 다른 장기에 붙어 있는 신경이 그 장기의 근처에 있는 척수에서

나온다는 내용이고, (B) 뒤는 태아가 성장하면서 태아의 장기가 다른 곳으로 이동할 때 장기와 연결되어 척 수에서 이어지는 신경의 연결부는 같은 장소에 머무른다는 내용이다. STEP 3

선택한 연결사를 빈칸에 넣고 글의 흐름을 확인한다.

(A) 뒤는 연관통증의 예로 심장 마비의 통증, 위궤양이나 위의 다른 염증이 다른 부위에서 통증으로

● ‌빈칸

느껴진다는 것을 설명하고 있으므로, 빈칸 (A)에는 예시의 연결사 For example이 적절하다. ● ‌빈칸

(B) 뒤는 태아가 성장하면서 태아의 장기가 새로운 곳으로 이동할 때 장기와 연결되어 척수에서 이어

지는 신경의 연결부는 같은 장소에 머무른다는 내용이므로, 빈칸 (B)에는 역접의 연결사 However가 적절 하다.

Vocabulary Review 영영 풀이를 참고하여 빈칸에 알맞은 말을 Vocabulary in Conte t에서 찾아 쓰시오.

1. The eye is a sense that detects light. (a part of the body that has a particular function) 2. The passenger received a minor scene. (damage to someone’s body)

and was treated on the

3. The man s from New York to Florida each winter. (to move from one place to another) 4. The hotel is in a beautiful overlooking the lake. (the place where someone or something is) 5. I could the ship coming over the horizon. (to notice something using your senses)

Answer & Translation 1. organ | 눈은 빛을 감지하는 감각 기관 이다. (특정한 기능을 가지고 있는 신체의 일 부) 2. injury | 그 승객은 경미한 부상을 입어 서 현장에서 치료를 받았다. (어떤 사람의 몸 에 가해진 피해) 3. migrate | 그 남자는 매년 겨울 뉴욕에 서 플로리다로 이주한다. (한 곳에서 또 다른 곳으로 이주[이동]하다) 4. location | 그 호텔은 호수가 내려다보 이는 아름다운 곳에 있다. (어떤 사람이나 어 떤 것이 있는 곳) 5. perceive | 나는 그 배가 수평선 너머로 다가오고 있는 것을 알아챌 수 있었다. (당신 의 감각을 활용하여 어떤 것을 알아차리다)

Chapter 13 연결사 추론

57


정답과 해설 32쪽

01

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02

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다음 글의 빈칸 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

다음 글의 빈칸 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

The pull effect of a destination can be positively influenced by the introduction and reinforcement of pro-tourism policies that make a destination (A) more accessible. Governments, , can

In her book We Don’t Play With Guns Here, earlyyears researcher Penny Holland argues that for younger children play fighting, gun play and rough-

attitude towards visitors in order to foster a positive market image. However, because such campaigns depend on widespread social engineering, and

signs of a sophisticated and largely unconscious learning process. According to psychologists, these forms of play allow children to perfect some

and often do employ awareness campaigns among the resident population to promote a welcoming

and-tumble play are neither primitive displays of animal aggression nor mindless imitations of (A) yesterday’s TV. , they are outward

because their effects can be counteracted by random acts of violence, positive outcomes cannot (B) be guaranteed. , it is the behaviour of

important social skills in a context where real harm is not part of the game. For instance, they give children invaluable experience in reading facial

some tourists, and the structure and development of tourism itself, that often generate negative attitudes within the host community. This implies that major

structural changes to tourism itself, rather than awareness campaigns, may be required to foster a welcoming attitude. ✽pro-tourism

(A) ① otherwise ② otherwise ③ for example ④ for example ⑤ in contrast

58

EBS 수능완성 영어

…… …… …… …… ……

(B) Furthermore Therefore Furthermore Conversely Therefore

친관광산업

expressions and body language, and they enable children to learn about their position and status in (B) their peer group. , researchers have

known for years that most children quickly become skilled at reading the body language of play fighting—unlike adults, who can find it difficult to distinguish between play and the real thing. ✽rough-and-tumble

(A) ① Rather ② Rather ③ Indeed ④ That is ⑤ That is

…… …… …… …… ……

(B) What is more In other words On the contrary On the contrary What is more

거친


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03

6049-0064

04

6049-0065

다음 글의 빈칸 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

다음 글의 빈칸 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

Normally, humans are effective at conveying ideas to each other and responding fittingly. This is due to many factors: the richness of the language

It should be noted that there has been a change in the way employers have responded to recessionary periods over time. In the late nineteenth and early

within cultures, they enjoy a higher degree, or capability, to use implicit situational information (context) to increase the level of comprehension. (A) , this ability to interact becomes

in an effort to keep as many people employed as possible. These practices changed after the passage of the Social Security Act (that is, unemployment

they share, the common understanding of how the world works, and an implicit understanding of everyday situations. When humans interact

complicated when humans interact across cultures. In such intercultural circumstances, social actors attempt interactive exchanges with a hindrance, the lack of common understanding. (B) , individuals from differing cultures,

trying to interact, are unable to use context as an expedient channel to comprehension. By increasing each personʼs understanding of the otherʼs cultural context (language, norms, rules, etc.), in other words increasing their access to context, we increase the richness of communication interaction and enable mutual success. ✽expedient

(A) (B) ① However …… Consequently ② However …… Instead ③ Furthermore …… Consequently ④ Furthermore …… Instead ⑤ As a result …… For example

임시방편적인

twentieth centuries, layoffs were not commonly (A) used. , employers resorted to devices such as work sharing and reducing wages

insurance) in 1935. A person must be totally out of work to collect unemployment insurance; benefits may not be collected if a person is working part(B) time. , employers stopped using

work sharing and similar arrangements and moved toward using layoffs. For example, layoffs were not

very common during the major recessions of 1893, 1921, or 1929 but were very common in the early 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s. ✽recessionary

(A) ① Instead ② Instead ③ Similarly ④ Similarly ⑤ For example

…… …… …… …… ……

불황의

✽✽layoff

일시 해고

(B) As a result In other words As a result However However

Chapter 13 연결사 추론

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CHAPTER

14

심경·분위기 글에 드러난 인물의 심경 또는 글의 분위기를 정확하게 파악하는 능력을 측정하기 위한 유형이다. 심경에 대한 지문으로는 등장인물이 어

유형 분석

떤 사건을 겪으면서 느끼는 감정이 드러나는 글이 사용되고, 분위기에 대한 지문으로는 어떤 상황이나 장소에 대한 묘사를 통해 분위기가 드러나는 글이 사용된다.

Let’s Check It Out | 정답과 해설 35쪽 |

6049-0066

다음 글에 드러난 ‘I’의 심경으로 가장 적절한 것은?

It starts to get dark, and I’m completely lost and wandering in this vast white world. The horse suddenly stops. I jump off into the snow. I stumble and fall into the snow, and tears stream down my face. All seems lost, and now I have nowhere to go. I will freeze in this wasteland, and for what? My thoughts turn to safer times, when I had everything to look forward to and nothing to worry about. Why me? Why now? What is the point to this endless freeze? There is no way out. I look up at the horse, who calmly stands there, completely unaware of our impending doom. I wish I were like him. I wish it were possible that all were well. My hands are freezing; my feet are numb. There is nothing I can do. ✽impending

① ② ③ ④ ⑤

jealous and upset curious and amused happy and delighted bored and indifferent miserable and helpless

 be

lost 길을 잃다

 wander 헤매다  vast 광활한

 stumble 발을 헛디디다, 비틀거리다

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EBS 수능완성 영어

 wasteland 불모지, 황무지  way

out 탈출구

 unaware 알지 못하는  doom (나쁜) 운명

곧 닥칠

✽✽numb

감각이 없는


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● 등장인물에게

해결 전략

● 심경이나 ● 지문

일어난 사건이나 글이 묘사하고 있는 상황을 파악한다.

분위기를 표현하는 어구를 확인한다.

속의 사건이나 상황과 사용된 어구를 종합하여 심경이나 분위기를 추론한다.

Let’s Solve It with Strategies STEP 1

등장인물이 처한 상황이나 그에게 일어난 일을 파악한다.

등장인물이 날이 어두워져 가는 눈 덮인 황량한 불모지에서 홀로 갈 곳 없이 좌절하고 절망하고 있다. STEP 2

등장인물의 심경을 보여 주는 어구나 표현을 찾아본다. ● ~,

and I’m completely lost and wandering in this vast white world.

→ 그리고 나는 이 광활한 하얀 세상에서 완전히 길을 잃고 헤매고 있다. ●~

and tears stream down my face. All seems lost, and now I have nowhere to go.

→ 그리고 눈물이 내 얼굴로 흘러내린다. 모든 것이 없어진 것 같고, 이제 나는 아무 데도 갈 곳이 없다. ● There

is no way out.

→ 탈출구가 없다. ● My

hands are freezing; my feet are numb. There is nothing I can do.

→ 내 손은 얼어 가고 내 발은 감각이 없다. 내가 할 수 있는 것이 아무것도 없다. STEP 3

묘사된 상황과 심경이 드러난 표현을 종합하여 등장인물의 심경을 추론한다.

어두워져 가는 눈 덮인 황량한 곳에서 홀로 길을 잃고 헤매며 좌절하고 절망한 등장인물의 상황과 심경을 묘사 하고 있으므로 ‘I’의 심경으로 가장 적절한 것은 ‘비참하고 무기력한’이다.

Vocabulary Review 영영 풀이를 참고하여 빈칸에 알맞은 말을 Vocabulary in Conte t에서 찾아 쓰시오.

1. She walked carefully so as not to (to miss one’s step in walking or running)

over a rock.

2. The man was of the ​risks ​involved. (not having knowledge about something; not aware) ing in the forest. 3. She was ​found several ​hours ​later (to move around or go to different places usually without having a particular purpose or direction) that no one cared about. 4. This region was a (land where nothing can grow or be built; land that is not usable) wilderness of natural beauty. 5. Alaska is a (very great in size, amount, or extent)

Answer & Translation 1. stumble | 그녀는 돌멩이에 걸려 비틀 거리지 않도록 조심해서 걸었다. (걷거나 뛰 다가 발을 헛디디다) 2. unaware | 그 남자는 수반되는 위험에 대해 모르고 있었다. (어떤 것에 대해 알고 있 지 않은; 알지 못하는) 3. wander | 그녀는 몇 시간 후에 숲 속에 서 헤매는 것이 발견되었다. (보통 특정한 목 적이나 방향 없이 돌아다니거나 여러 장소로 가다) 4. wasteland | 이 지역은 아무도 신경 쓰 지 않았던 불모지였다. (아무것도 자라거나 지어질 수 없는 땅; 쓸모없는 땅) 5. vast | 알래스카는 자연미를 가진 광활한 황무지이다. (크기, 양 혹은 정도가 매우 큰)

Chapter 14 심경·분위기

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정답과 해설 35쪽

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다음 글의 상황에 나타난 분위기로 가장 적절한 것은?

다음 글에 드러난 Sarah의 심경으로 가장 적절한 것은?

Cautiously John put his fingers on the edge of the bark and gave a slight pull. A good-sized piece of bark broke off into his hand. With it came the bees. With a furious buzzing they came pouring from the broken hole. The humming grew to a roar, like a great wind. He felt a sharp pain on his neck, then another and another. The angry creatures swarmed along his hands and bare arms, in his hair, on his face. How he got down out of that tree he never remembered. Water! If he could reach water, he could escape them. Screaming and waving his arms, he threw himself toward the pond. The bees were all around him. He could not see through the whirling cloud of them.

Sarah gave the driver their address, and was quiet on the way home, praying for her children. She tried in vain to communicate with the house or the babysitter for reassurance. All telephone lines were down, and cell phones weren’t working. The badly shaken city seemed completely cut off from the outside world. All she wanted to know now was that her children Oliver and Molly were okay after this terrible earthquake. Her husband Seth was staring out the window in a daze, and kept trying to use his cell phone, as the driver drove them the rest of the way. They finally arrived at their large brick house perched on top of the hill on Divisadero and Broadway, overlooking the bay. Sarah ran to the front door as Seth followed behind her, looking exhausted.

✽swarm

떼를 지어 날아다니다

① sad and gloomy ② lively and amusing ③ dangerous and urgent ④ mysterious and weird ⑤ festive and adventurous

62

EBS 수능완성 영어

✽✽whirling

소용돌이치는

✽perched

① jealous and annoyed ② anxious and worried ③ bored and indifferent ④ delighted and satisfied ⑤ ashamed and discouraged

자리 잡고 있는


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03

6049-0069

04

6049-0070

다음 글에 드러난 Kelly의 심경으로 가장 적절한 것은?

다음 글의 상황에 나타난 분위기로 가장 적절한 것은?

Eric Walker, the head of the Madison School, made the call to Kelly himself in the first week of March. He said it had been a tough choice between

On the night of the fourth day, the rain stopped as suddenly as it had begun. Next morning, the sun was shining brightly on a valley still flooded.

She was going to be the youngest member of the English department, and she would teach four classes to sophomores, juniors, and seniors. She

to the windows. We couldnʼt get close enough to any of them to see about the damage done. Finally the rivers down from the valley had been able

her and several other teachers, but he was happy to tell her that she had the job, and she was thrilled. He said a contract had been sent to her by mail.

had to report for teachers’ meetings on September 1st, and school would start the following week. In exactly six months, she was going to be teaching at the Madison School in New York. She could hardly believe it. And unable to keep the good news to herself, she called her parents that night. ① guilty and regretful ② envious and jealous ③ cold and indifferent ④ worried and nervous ⑤ delighted and excited

Nothing was left intact. Barns were gone. Two houses had washed away against some trees downstream, and three more had water in them up

to handle the overflow and our stream began to recede. Everyone was accounted for, but the loss of property was maybe beyond recovery. Crops were

washed away, and the real problem of food for the coming winter was with us. Some said they were going to leave the valley. ✽intact

손상되지 않은

✽✽recede

물이 줄다, (서서히) 물러나다

① calm and peaceful ② boring and monotonous ③ mysterious and romantic ④ exciting and suspenseful ⑤ desperate and discouraging

Chapter 14 심경·분위기

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CHAPTER

15

무관한 문장 파악 글의 흐름이나 주제에서 벗어나는 문장을 고르는 유형으로 매년 한두 문항씩 출제된다. 명시적으로 혹은 글 전체에 내재된 중심 생각을

유형 분석

파악한 후, 글의 통일성을 저해하는 문장을 찾는다.

Let’s Check It Out | 정답과 해설 37쪽 |

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다음 글에서 전체 흐름과 관계 없는 문장은?

Sleep can be difficult to find from time to time. Much like on Earth, astronauts report waking up in the middle of their sleep period to use the bathroom, and distractions can cause them to stay up late staring out the window. ① During their sleep period, astronauts have also reported having dreams and nightmares. ② The close quarters can also result in sleep disturbances since crew members can easily hear each other; weightlessness does not, apparently, prevent snoring. ③ Since humans cannot sense an “up” or “down” in a weightless environment, they can sleep in any position. ④ In addition, sleeping near a window can be difficult since the Sun rises every ninety minutes as the station orbits Earth. ⑤ The sunlight and warmth entering a window is enough to disturb a sleeper who is not wearing a sleep mask. ✽close

 from

time to time 때때로

 astronaut 우주 비행사  in

the middle of 한창 ~하는 중에

 distraction 마음을 산란하게 하는 것  nightmare 악몽

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EBS 수능완성 영어

quarters 비좁은 장소

 disturbance 방해

 weightlessness 무중력  apparently 듣자 하니

 snore 코를 골다  orbit 궤도를 돌다


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해결 전략

● 글의

전반부에서 글의 소재와 주제를 파악한다.

● 문장

간 논리적 관계를 파악하면서 글을 읽고 전체적인 흐름에서 벗어난 문장을 표시해 둔다.

● 표시해

둔 문장을 제외한 나머지 문장들의 흐름이 자연스러운지 확인한다.

Let’s Solve It with Strategies STEP 1

도입부를 읽고 글의 소재나 주제를 파악한다.

첫 번째 문장(Sleep can be difficult to find from time to time.) 및 이어지는 내용(astronauts report

waking up/distractions can cause them to stay up late)을 통해 이 글의 주제는 우주에서 숙면을 취하기가

어려울 수 있다는 것임을 알 수 있다. STEP 2

글의 전체적 흐름을 파악하면서 각 문장들이 글의 주제와 논리적으로 연결되어 있는지 확인한다.

① 잠을 자는 동안 우주 비행사들은 꿈이나 악몽을 꾸기도 한다.(having dreams and nightmares) (○)

② 비좁은 장소에서 서로의 (코 고는) 소리 때문에 수면이 방해될 수 있다.(The close quarters can also

result in sleep disturbances since crew members can easily hear each other; weightlessness does not, apparently, prevent snoring.) (○) ③ 사람은 무중력 환경에서 위나 아래를 감지할 수 없어서 어떤 자세로도 잘 수 있다.(Since humans cannot sense an “up” or “down” in a weightless environment, they can sleep in any position.) (×) ④ 우주 정거장이 지구 궤도를 돌 때 태양 때문에 창가에서 잠을 자는 것도 어려울 수 있다.(sleeping near a window can be difficult) (○) ⑤ 창을 통해 들어오는 태양 빛과 온기 때문에 수면이 방해된다.(The sunlight and warmth entering a window is enough to disturb a sleeper) (○) STEP 3

글의 흐름에서 벗어난 문장을 제외한 나머지 문장들의 흐름이 자연스러운지 확인한다.

문장 ③을 제외하면, 나머지 문장들은 모두 우주에서 잠을 자는 데 어려움을 초래하는 구체적인 상황 및 요인 에 대해 설명하고 있으므로 글의 흐름이 자연스럽다.

Vocabulary Review 영영 풀이를 참고하여 빈칸에 알맞은 말을 Vocabulary in Conte t에서 찾아 쓰시오.

1. He had been an , and actually walked on the Moon last century. (a person trained for traveling in space) 2. We have a lot to do today, so we don’t want any s. (something that interrupts you and stops you from continuing what you were doing) 3. Sometimes my ​husband night. (to breathe noisily while sleeping)

s so ​loudly; it ​keeps me a​ wake at​

4. The Moon s the Earth.  (to travel in a curved path around a much larger object such as the Earth, the Sun, etc.)

Answer & Translation 1. astronaut | 그는 우주 비행사였고, 지 난 세기에 실제로 달에서 걸었다. (우주를 여 행하기 위해 훈련받은 사람) 2. disturbance | 우리는 오늘 할 일이 많 으니, 어떤 방해도 원하지 않는다. (당신을 방 해하고 당신이 하던 일을 계속하지 못하게 하는 것) 3. snore | 때때로 내 남편은 코를 너무 시 끄럽게 골아서, 나는 밤에 잠을 잘 수 없다. (자는 동안 시끄럽게 숨을 쉬다) 4. orbit | 달은 지구의 궤도를 돈다. (지구, 태양 등과 같이 훨씬 더 큰 물체 주위를 곡선 경로로 이동하다) 5. nightmare | 그는 여전히 그 사고에 대 한 악몽을 꾼다. (매우 무서운 꿈)

5. He still has s about the accident. (a very frightening dream)

Chapter 15 무관한 문장 파악

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정답과 해설 37쪽

01

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다음 글에서 전체 흐름과 관계 없는 문장은?

다음 글에서 전체 흐름과 관계 없는 문장은?

Looking back, scientists have uncovered a mountain of evidence that Mayan leaders were aware for many centuries of their uncertain

The best way to understand what you are reading is to compare it to your own knowledge and experiences. ① Ask yourself if you have

rainfall years, tightly regulating the types of crops grown, the use of public water, and food rationing. ③ During the first half of their three-thousand-

② Sometimes this can be difficult, especially if

dependence on rainfall. ① Water shortages were not only understood but also recorded and planned for. ② The Mayans enforced conservation during low

experienced something similar to what you are reading about, or if what you have read changes your view of the world or the way things work.

you are reading about something you have not experienced, such as the Vietnam or Gulf Wars. ③ In such cases, you might want to discuss the

year reign, the Mayans continued to build larger underground artificial lakes and containers to store rainwater for drought months. ④ Often the most

subject with an adult who has lived through the experience. ④ Don’t spend a lot of time comparing

elaborately decorated temples were, their efficient systems for collecting and warehousing water were masterpieces in design and engineering.

that by making these comparisons, it will be easier for you to understand and remember what you have read.

important religious temples sat atop the towering Mayan pyramids, presumably as the closest place to the heavens. ⑤ As impressive as their

✽rationing

66

EBS 수능완성 영어

배급

yourself with others; compare yourself with where you were a few weeks or months earlier—it’s your progress that’s important. ⑤ The important point is


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03

6049-0074

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6049-0075

다음 글에서 전체 흐름과 관계 없는 문장은?

다음 글에서 전체 흐름과 관계 없는 문장은?

Our cultures exercise a powerful influence on our conduct, often without our even being aware of it. However, to argue that culture influences

Research on social development and the Internet indicates that, rather than leading children into social isolation and deprivation, the Internet can provide a positive environment for social

our behavior is hardly the same as arguing that it determines our behavior. ① Deviance from cultural norms is found in all societies. ② Because

development. ① Children continue their face-toface relationships when separated, possibly in

individual members of any society maintain, to varying degrees, a free will, they have the freedom to say no to cultural expectations. ③ Unlike the

much the same way as they would on a telephone. ② Indeed, Internet technologies provide children with more opportunities for social interaction

culture learn essentially the same values, rules, and expected behaviors, their lives are made somewhat less complicated because they know what to

e-mail, chat, and instant messaging. ③ Some researchers, however, caution that free expression on the Internet may not always be developmentally

honeybee, which behaves according to its genetic programming, humans can make a range of behavioral choices. ④ As people from the same

expect from one another. ⑤ Of course, choosing an alternative may result in unpleasant consequences, but all people have the option of doing things differently from what is culturally expected. ✽deviance

일탈

than are possible with a telephone; children can communicate at the same time with a large number of peers on a large number of topics through

positive. ④ Children who feel socially isolated in a face-to-face setting, are depressed, and/or lack self-confidence are able to communicate in a socially safe environment on the Internet rather than keeping their concerns to themselves. ⑤ Furthermore, children are able to “try out” different personal identities, discuss personal concerns, and obtain personally relevant information without embarrassment. ✽deprivation

박탈(감)

Chapter 15 무관한 문장 파악

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CHAPTER

16

글의 순서 파악 주어진 글 다음에 이어지는 (A), (B), (C) 세 개의 글의 순서를 파악하는 유형으로, 이야기의 줄거리를 따라 순서를 정하거나 글의 논리적인

유형 분석

흐름에 따라 순서를 찾는 문제가 출제된다.

Let’s Check It Out | 정답과 해설 40쪽 |

6049-0076

주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은?

Hitting a home run depends on the ability to generate power. Indeed, the success of many athletic actions depends on power, the combination of velocity and force. (A) ‌In a similar way, muscles have optimal lengths. At their shortest and longest, they produce little force. Muscles attain maximal force at intermediate lengths. (B) ‌Conversely, when muscles contract at their highest forces, velocity declines. To achieve peak power, athletes must find the perfect compromise between force and velocity. (C) ‌So athletes seeking power might believe they need to maximize both velocity and force. But when muscles contract at their highest velocities, force suffers. ✽velocity



① ② ③ ④ ⑤

(A)-(C)-(B) (B)-(A)-(C) (B)-(C)-(A) (C)-(A)-(B) (C)-(B)-(A)

 generate 만들어 내다

 compromise 절충점, 타협

 attain 얻다, 획득하다

 maximize 극대화하다

 combination 조합

 intermediate 중간의  contract 수축하다

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EBS 수능완성 영어

 seek 추구하다

 suffer 약해지다, 손해를 입다

속도 ✽✽optimal 최적의


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● ‌글의

해결 전략

소재나 주제를 파악하고, 시간 순서, 인과, 비교와 대조, 문제 제기와 해결 등, 어떤 논리적인 흐름에 따라 글이 전개되는지 파악한다.

● ‌연결사, ● ‌글의

대명사, 관사 같은 언어적 단서를 이용한다.

순서를 정한 다음 그 순서에 따라 다시 읽으면서 글의 전개가 자연스러운지 확인한다.

Let’s Solve It with Strategies STEP 1

주어진 문장을 통해 무엇에 관한 글인지 파악한다.

Indeed, the success of many athletic actions depends on power, the combination of velocity and force. (운동에서 성공적으로 동작을 할 수 있는 힘을 만들어 내는 속도와 근육의 힘의 조합을 설명하는 글)

STEP 2

각 부분의 핵심 내용을 정리하고 언어적 단서가 되는 연결사의 의미를 파악하며 연결 관계를 찾는다. ● (A)

In a similar way (앞의 내용과 유사한 방식으로 전개): 힘을 극대화하는 최적의 중간 길이 ● (B) Conversely (앞의 내용과 반대되는 진술): 근육의 힘을 최대로 하면 줄어드는 속도 ● (C) So (앞 내용의 결과): 속도와 근육의 힘을 모두 극대화하려는 선수들. 그러나 최고 속도에서 근육의 힘 은 감소

STEP 3

글의 논리적 흐름을 분석하며 앞뒤의 내용을 연결한다. (통념·반박)

속도와 근육의 힘의 조합이 운동에서 성공적 동작을 만들어 낸다. → (C) 속도와 근육의 힘을 모두 최대로 할 때 최고의 힘을 만들어 낸다는 통념과 달리, 속도를 최고로 하면 근육의 힘은 감소한다. → (B) 반대로

(Conversely) 근육의 힘을 최대로 하면 속도가 줄어든다. → (A) 마찬가지로(In a similar way) 힘을 극대 화하는 최적의 중간 길이가 있다.

Vocabulary Review 영영 풀이를 참고하여 빈칸에 알맞은 말을 Vocabulary in Conte t에서 찾아 쓰시오.

1. Everyone likes the of strawberry and chocolate. (an act of combining two or more things) . 2. To reach an agreement, we will need ‌(a way of reaching agreement in which each person or group gives up something) 3. Too many people are struggling to (to succeed in achieving something)

material wealth.

our profit. 4. We need to cooperate to (to make something as great in amount or importance as you can) 5. S cientists are working to energy sources. (to make something exist)

electricity using renewable

Answer & Translation 1. combination | 모든 사람들이 딸기와 초콜릿의 조합을 좋아한다. (둘이나 그 이상 의 것들을 결합하는 행위) 2. compromise | 합의에 이르기 위해서 우리는 타협이 필요하다. (각 개인이나 집단 이 어떤 것을 포기하여 합의에 이르는 방법) 3. attain | 너무 많은 사람들이 물질적 부 를 얻기 위해 애쓰고 있다. (어떤 것을 얻는 데 성공하다) 4. maximize | 우리는 이윤을 극대화하기 위해 협력할 필요가 있다. (어떤 것을 양이나 중요성 면에서 가능한 한 크게 만들다) 5. generate | 과학자들은 재생 가능한 에 너지원을 이용하여 전기를 만들어 내기 위해 노력 중이다. (어떤 것을 존재하도록 만들다)

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주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은?

Everyday activities such as taking a bath or sitting in a high chair provide a baby with plenty of opportunities to make interesting and fun discoveries about the laws of physics. (A) ‌So when they persist in throwing everything over the side of the high chair or out of the

baby bed, they’re not being naughty. Rather, they are merely fulfilling their roles as little physicists!

(B) ‌A bar of soap, on the other hand, will behave very differently. Infants can spend hours experimenting in this way.

(C) ‌For instance, she will discover that if she drops her hollow plastic duck into the bath it will float on the surface of the water. Even if she pushes it down to the floor of the bath, the plastic toy will not stay under water. ✽naughty 말을 안 듣는  ① (A)-(C)-(B) ② (B)-(A)-(C) ③ (B)-(C)-(A) ④ (C)-(A)-(B) ⑤ (C)-(B)-(A)

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주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은?

Most developed countries face the same problems with trash as the United States. In fact, some areas of the globe are way ahead of the United States in trash technology and policies. (A) ‌As a result, some countries in Europe have begun implementing strategies to eliminate

large amounts of garbage that would otherwise have to be burned or dumped.

(B) ‌Europe, for example, due to its dense population,

began running out of landfill space long ago. Many European countries turned to incinerators, but this method has become increasingly disfavored because it produces too much air pollution and dangerous waste.

(C) ‌Thanks to the adoption of packaging and bottlereturn laws, the use of new trash technologies, and the resort to aggressive recycling programs, Europeans now generate only half as much trash per person as Americans. ✽incinerator 소각로  ① (A)-(C)-(B) ② (B)-(A)-(C) ③ (B)-(C)-(A) ④ (C)-(A)-(B) ⑤ (C)-(B)-(A)


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주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은?

We know that we have some bad habits. We know that we would be better off without them. We have all tried to change many times with various degrees of success. (A) ‌Naturally, this type of change is not sustainable. Sooner or later we will have to fill that void again and we will inevitably return to those old behaviors because that’s the only way we can fill that void.

(B) ‌This creates a sense of deprivation in our mind. We did whatever the wrong behavior was because we enjoyed it. So we are actually removing something that provided pleasure and are creating a void in our lives.

(C) ‌But the changes have never been deep enough or lasting. The problem is that our approach to attacking this problem is faulty. We tend to take a bad habit and just try hard to stop doing it. We gather all of our will to not do something. ✽void 상실감 ✽✽deprivation 박탈  ① (A)-(C)-(B) ② (B)-(A)-(C) ③ (B)-(C)-(A) ④ (C)-(A)-(B) ⑤ (C)-(B)-(A)

04

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주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은?

The difficulty in determining whether correlation equals causation causes an enormous number of misunderstandings. Until a specific mechanism demonstrating how A causes B is identified, it’s best to assume that any correlation is accidental, or that both A and B relate independently to some third factor. (A) ‌A more likely explanation is that cancer diagnoses and milk consumption both have a positive correlation with increased age: On average, milk drinkers live longer than non-milk drinkers, and

the older you are, the more likely you are to develop cancer. (B) ‌This does not, however, mean that drinking milk actually causes people to live longer: It could be that people who drink milk have better access to high-quality health care or eat more healthily than those who do not. (C) ‌An example that highlights this is the correlation between drinking milk and cancer rates, which some support groups use to argue that drinking milk causes cancer. ① (A)-(C)-(B) ② (B)-(A)-(C) ③ (B)-(C)-(A) ④ (C)-(A)-(B) ⑤ (C)-(B)-(A)

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17

문장 삽입 논리적인 흐름을 바탕으로 주어진 문장이 들어갈 적절한 위치를 찾는 유형으로, 주어진 문장의 단서와 글의 전체적인 맥락을 잘 활용하는

유형 분석

것이 중요하다.

Let’s Check It Out | 정답과 해설 42쪽 |

글의 흐름으로 보아, 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳은?

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This is not simply a psychological fact; it results from actual biochemical changes associated with anger and stress. The simplest way to buy time to think in the middle of a tense negotiation is to pause and say nothing. ( ① ) It does you little good to respond when you’re feeling angry or frustrated. ( ② ) Your judgment is distorted. ( ③ ) Even taking a few seconds for these changes to dissipate will allow you to see things more objectively. ( ④ ) Hence you need to pause for a moment before you reply. ( ⑤ ) As Thomas Jefferson once put it: “When angry, count ten before you speak; if very angry, a hundred.” ✽dissipate 소멸하다 

 psychological 심리적인

 pause 멈추다

 biochemical 생화학적인

 frustrated 좌절감을 느끼는, 불만스러운

 result

from ~에서 기인하다

 associated

 tense 긴장된

with ~과 연관된

 negotiation 협상

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 respond 반응하다  distort 왜곡하다

 objectively 객관적으로  hence 이런 이유로


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해결 전략

● 주어진

문장의 의미와 다음 내용의 전개 방향을 파악한다.

● 주어진

문장이 들어갈 위치를 찾는 데 도움이 되는 단서들, 즉 연결사, 대명사, 부사, 관사 등을 찾는다.

● 본문에서

논리적인 비약이나 단절이 일어나는 곳을 찾아 주어진 문장을 넣고 글의 흐름을 확인한다.

Let’s Solve It with Strategies STEP 1

주어진 문장의 의미를 파악하고 글의 전개 방향을 예측한다.

이것(This)은 화와 스트레스와 연관된 실제의 생화학적인 변화에서 기인하기 때문에 단순히 심리적인 사실만 은 아니라는 것이 주어진 문장의 의미이므로, 이런 변화와 관련된 이야기가 나올 것으로 예측할 수 있다.

STEP 2

주어진 문장에서 연결사, 대명사, 부사, 관사 등의 단서를 찾는다.

주어진 문장의 This는 앞에 나온 내용(화나 좌절감을 느끼고 있을 때 여러분의 판단은 왜곡된다는 것)을 가리 킨다.

STEP 3

논리적인 비약이나 단절이 일어나는 곳을 찾아 주어진 문장을 넣고 글의 흐름을 확인한다.

③ 뒤의 문장에서 these changes는 앞에 나온 actual biochemical changes를 대신하는 표현이므로, 주어 진 문장은 ③에 들어가야 한다. 또한 ③을 기준으로 앞부분은 협상 시 화가 났을 때 초래되는 사실을 설명하 고 뒷부분은 구체적인 이유를 언급하고 있으므로, 화와 스트레스의 생화학적 원인을 제시하는 주어진 문장은 ③에 들어가야 가장 자연스럽다.

Vocabulary Review 영영 풀이를 참고하여 빈칸에 알맞은 말을 Vocabulary in Conte t에서 찾아 쓰시오.

1. My ​original ​statement has been ed by the ​media. (to ​change something from ​its ​usual, ​original, or ​intended ​meaning) ed to the call for help. 2. Police quickly (to react to something by taking a particular course of action) 3. David felt with his job as a mechanic. (feeling annoyed or less confident because you cannot achieve what you want) . 4. She tends to analyze things logically and (in a way that is not influenced by personal beliefs or feelings) problems may act inappropriately in class. 5. Students with (relating to the human mind and feelings)

Answer & Translation 1. distort | 애초의 내 진술은 매체에 의해 왜곡되었다. (평상적이거나, 최초의, 또는 의 도된 의미에서 어떤 것을 바꾸다) 2. respond | 경찰은 도움을 청하는 소리 에 빠르게 반응했다. (특정한 행동 방식을 취 함으로써 어떤 것에 반응하다) 3. frustrated | David는 정비공으로서의 자신의 일에 좌절감을 느꼈다. (원하는 것을 성취할 수 없기 때문에 짜증이 나거나 자신 감을 덜 느끼는) 4. objectively | 그녀는 상황을 논리적이 고 객관적으로 분석하는 경향이 있다. (개인 적인 믿음이나 감정에 의해 영향을 받지 않 는 방식으로) 5. psychological | 심리적인 문제가 있 는 학생들은 수업 중에 부적절하게 행동할 수 있다. (인간의 마음과 감정과 관련되어 있 는)

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글의 흐름으로 보아, 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳은?

글의 흐름으로 보아, 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳은?

When they obtained clothing, however, a shower meant wet clothes that did not dry so quickly as bare bodies, and pneumonia or other lung diseases sometimes resulted.

Not only does every city in the country have bike lanes and trails, but cyclists are often given many advantages over motorists.

The spread of Western clothing to areas in which little or no clothing was worn in the past has sometimes produced disastrous results in terms of health and cleanliness. ( ① ) In many such cases, people took over only one part of the clothing complex, that is, the wearing of clothes. ( ② ) They knew nothing of the care of clothing and in many cases lacked the necessary equipment for such care. ( ③ ) When they had worn no clothing,

their bodies got a cleansing shower in the rain, and the bare skin dried quickly in the sun and air. ( ④ ) Often they had little or no water for washing clothes, even if they had known how to do it. ( ⑤ ) There were no fresh clothes to change into so people usually simply wore what they had until the clothes fell apart. ✽pneumonia 폐렴 

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EBS 수능완성 영어

Many Americans tend to think of bicycles as only

for children, but in much of the world bicycles are the primary mode of adult transportation. ( ① ) In the Netherlands, for example, bicycles account for nearly 30 percent of all urban trips. ( ② ) Cyclists are permitted, for example, to move out before cars at many traffic lights. ( ③ ) In 2007, Amsterdam became the first major city in the industrialized Western world where more trips were taken by bicycle than by car. ( ④ ) Is it a coincidence that, adjusted for population size, the rate of obesity in the Netherlands is less than a third of what it is in the United States? ( ⑤ ) And that the amount spent on health care per person is about half as much? 

✽coincidence

우연의 일치

✽✽obesity

비만


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글의 흐름으로 보아, 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳은?

글의 흐름으로 보아, 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳은?

What ultimately made these entrepreneurial founders so successful was their ambition and hunger for success.

Beyond the physiological responses, which are automatic and require no thinking on our part, our bodies manifest discomfort nonverbally.

In order to build a high-impact team, you have to teach executives that they are hiring people, not

résumés. ( ① ) Eager to see in bold print a handful of “branded,” big-name colleges and universities, a huge number of companies make the mistake of hiring the latter. ( ② ) They use people’s academic credentials as reflections of their character, initiative, flexibility, and entrepreneurship. ( ③ )

One private firm I consult with cherry-picks candidates exclusively from the senior classes of a handful of Ivy League colleges. ( ④ ) An obvious

point: most of the first-generation founders of these companies did not attend these schools, and certainly many would have been denied admission. ( ⑤ ) Once they attained it, they proceeded to send

their children to these colleges and universities, and many firms today are hiring that generation of young people, based solely on their academic credentials as opposed to their characters. ✽academic credentials 학위증명서 ✽✽cherry-pick 선별하다 

We show discomfort when we do not like what

is happening to us, when we do not like what we are seeing or hearing, or when we are compelled to talk about things we would prefer to keep hidden.

( ① ) We display discomfort first in our physiology, due to arousal of the limbic brain. ( ② ) Our heart rate quickens, our hairs stand on end, we sweat more, and we breathe faster. ( ③ ) We tend to move our bodies in an attempt to block or distance ourselves from the source of

our discomfort: rearrange ourselves, move our feet, twist at the hips, or drum our fingers. ( ④ ) We have all noticed such discomfort behaviors in others—whether at a job interview, on a date, or when being questioned about a serious matter at work or home. ( ⑤ ) Remember that these actions

do not automatically indicate deception; however, they do indicate that a person is uncomfortable in the current situation for any number of reasons. 

✽physiological

생리적인

✽✽limbic

brain 대뇌 변연계(邊緣系)

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요약문 완성 글의 핵심 내용을 한 문장으로 요약한 문장을 완성하는 유형으로, 요약문의 빈칸에는 주로 글의 핵심 내용을 표현하는 단어나 어구가

유형 분석

들어간다.

Let’s Check It Out | 정답과 해설 45쪽 |

다음 글의 내용을 한 문장으로 요약하고자 한다. 빈칸 (A)와 (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

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There̓s an important difference between the sciences and art history. A scientist may, in the end, find a drug that is an effective cancer treatment, and her work then is done, or at least a phase of it reaches closure. But the interpretation of history, art, and culture is different: they express such a wide range of human ideas and experiences that there is no one result for the art historian to seek. Each person, each generation, each culture reinterprets artworks, finding in them new significance. Certainly, some arguments are more persuasive than others and some arguments do a better job of accounting for a wider range of evidence. But when we’re talking about interpreting the past, or interpreting cultural practice, it’s not a question of right and wrong but of looking for insight.  Art history is different from the sciences in terms of what it seeks: the latter looks for a solid (A) (B) , but the former looks for insight among interpretations. (A) (B) diverse …… ① logic restrained …… ③ cause consistent ⑤ solution ……

 in

the end 결국

 effective 효과적인

 treatment 치료(제)  phase 단계

 closure 종료, 폐쇄

 interpretation 해석  a

wide range of 광범위한

 reinterpret 재해석하다

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EBS 수능완성 영어

(A) (B) diverse ② solution …… …… restrained ④ logic

 artwork 미술 작품

 significance 의미, 중요성  argument 주장

 persuasive 설득력이 있는  account

for ~을 설명하다

 evidence 증거  practice 관행  insight 통찰


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해결 전략

● 글의

도입부에서 글의 소재와 주제를 파악한다.

● 글의

전개를 통해 글에 제시된 주된 내용이 무엇인지를 정리한다.

● 선택지의

단어나 어구를 요약문의 빈칸에 넣어 글의 주제와 주된 내용에 부합하는지를 확인한다.

Let’s Solve It with Strategies STEP 1

글의 첫 문장에서 글의 소재와 주제를 찾는다.

글의 소재는 과학과 미술사이고, 글의 주제는 과학과 미술사 사이의 차이이다.

STEP 2

글의 전개를 통해 주제의 구체적인 내용을 파악한다.

과학은 암 치료제의 발견과 같은 확실한 해답을 찾는 반면에, 미술사는 어떤 미술 작품에 대한 다양한 재해석 을 통해서 더 설득력 있는 주장이나 통찰을 찾는다.

STEP 3

선택지의 단어나 어구를 요약문의 빈칸에 넣어 글의 내용을 정확하게 요약하는지를 확인한다.

글의 전체적인 내용을 고려할 때, 빈칸 (A)에는 solution이, (B)에는 diverse가 들어가는 것이 적절하다.

Vocabulary Review 영영 풀이를 참고하여 빈칸에 알맞은 말을 Vocabulary in Conte t에서 찾아 쓰시오.

1. I have been unable to find to support his theory. (something which shows that something else exists or is true) s against raising taxes. 2. There are many (a reason or reasons why you support or oppose an idea, action, etc.) for depression. 3. She’s receiving (something that you do to try to cure an illness or injury) 4. Eating enough protein is a very (getting the result that you want)

way to lose weight.

. 5. His findings are very (able to cause people to do or believe something)

Answer & Translation 1. evidence | 나는 그의 이론을 뒷받침하 는 증거를 찾을 수가 없었다. (어떤 다른 것이 존재하거나 사실인지를 보여 주는 어떤 것) 2. argument | 세금을 올리는 것에 반대 하는 많은 주장들이 있다. (어떤 생각이나 행 동 등을 지지하거나 반대하는 이유나 이유들) 3. treatment | 그녀는 우울증 치료를 받 고 있다. (어떤 질병이나 부상을 치료하기 위 해 하는 어떤 것) 4. effective | 충분한 단백질을 먹는 것은 살을 빼는 매우 효과적인 방법이다. (원하는 결과를 얻는) 5. persuasive | 그의 연구 결과는 매우 설득력이 있다. (사람들이 어떤 것을 하거나 믿게끔 할 수 있는)

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다음 글의 내용을 한 문장으로 요약하고자 한다. 빈칸 (A)와 (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

다음 글의 내용을 한 문장으로 요약하고자 한다. 빈칸 (A)와 (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

No previous human species had managed to

Easter Island was a typical Polynesian society

penetrate places like northern Siberia. Even the cold-adapted Neanderthals restricted themselves to relatively warmer regions further south. But Homo sapiens, whose body was adapted to living in the African savannah rather than in the lands of snow and ice, devised ingenious solutions. When roaming bands of Sapiens foragers migrated into colder climates, they learned to make snowshoes and effective thermal clothing composed of layers of furs and skins, sewn together tightly with the help of needles. They developed new weapons and sophisticated hunting techniques that enabled them to track and kill mammoths and the other big game of the far north. As their thermal clothing and hunting techniques improved, Sapiens dared to venture deeper and deeper into the frozen regions. And as they moved north, their clothes, hunting strategies and other survival skills continued to improve. ✽penetrate

뚫고 들어가다

✽✽forager

in terms of its language, artifacts and main social institutions. Yet, with its writing and impressive statues, Easter Island seems to have exceeded the level of cultural development typical for Polynesian islands of its size. This may be connected to its extreme isolation, three thousand miles from the

nearest inhabited land, freeing it from the endemic fighting that characterized most Polynesian island groups. Similarly, it has been argued that Britain’s success during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries stemmed from its island location. It was neither forced to defend itself by land nor tempted to seek extension of its boundaries. It therefore grew strong at the same time that continental countries were dissipating their energy and resources in ultimately pointless conflicts. ✽endemic

(A) ① safe houses ② warm clothes ③ powerful weapons ④ strong communities ⑤ fast transport

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…… …… …… …… ……

(B) storing methods hunting skills farming knowledge protection strategies construction techniques

낭비하다

(A) Some societies and countries were more prosperous than those which were (B) not because they did not need to their neighbors.

✽✽dissipate

수렵 채집인

Unlike previous human species, Homo sapiens were successful at migrating into the far (A) and north area by developing (B) for living in that area.

고질적인

(A) ① united ② united ③ isolated ④ isolated ⑤ liberalized

…… …… …… …… ……

(B) depend on interact with struggle with depend on struggle with


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03

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04

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다음 글의 내용을 한 문장으로 요약하고자 한다. 빈칸 (A)와 (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

다음 글의 내용을 한 문장으로 요약하고자 한다. 빈칸 (A)와 (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

Streams generally contain an abundant supply

Most European conceptions of art would separate

of oxygen which is almost uniform throughout, even when there are no green plants, because of the large surface exposed to air and constant motion

music from dance and both music and dance from the social situations that produced them. Most traditional African conceptions, on the other hand,

stream communities are especially sensitive to any type of organic pollution which reduces the oxygen supply. When organic matter from sewage or waste

that may take place in a village square, a town plaza, a courtyard, a dance plaza, a marketplace, a street corner where groups normally meet for

of water. This helps in easy respiration. Because of this reason, the animals in running water are sensitive to reduced oxygen content. Therefore,

from a paper mill is dumped in large quantities into streams, the oxygen in the water is consumed or used up in the bacterial decay process. Stream pollution of this type is one of the most important

problems in heavily populated and industrialised regions. ✽respiration

호흡

 (A) As the naturally supply of oxygen in streams helps in easy respiration, (B) by stream organisms are easily the reduced oxygen supply caused by organic pollution. (A) ① scarce ② plentiful ③ increasing ④ constant ⑤ limited

…… …… …… …… ……

(B) affected affected reproduced reproduced disturbed

couple music with one or more other art forms, including dance. And most Africans experience music as part of a multidimensional social event

singing and dancing, or a sacred place selected for a particular rite. Invariably audience members participate verbally and through physical movement. Indeed, societal values encourage this kind of participation because it allows members of the community to interact socially in musical situations. Moreover, expressing the beat through

motor response heightens one’s enjoyment of the music and makes one feel more involved in the musical event.  Unlike those of Europeans, most traditional (A) music African conceptions of art with dance or other art forms in order to encourage audience participation and (B) among community members. (A) ① confuse ② confuse ③ equate ④ combine ⑤ combine

…… …… …… …… ……

(B) shared responsibilities social interactions shared responsibilities social interactions learning activities

Chapter 18 요약문 완성

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CHAPTER

19

장문의 이해 ( 1 ) - 1지문 2문항 두 문단 이상의 비교적 긴 지문을 읽고, 글 전체의 중심 내용을 간결하고 함축적으로 나타낼 수 있는 적절한 제목을 고르고, 글 전체의 흐름

유형 분석

을 파악하여 빈칸에 들어갈 적절한 표현을 고르는 두 개의 문항으로 구성된 유형이다.

Let’s Check It Out | 정답과 해설 48쪽 |

[01~02] 다음 글을 읽고, 물음에 답하시오.

One of the most unhelpful myths you’ll encounter in the world of popular motivation and self-development is this one: you must absolutely believe, 100 per cent, that you will achieve your goal. People who play by this rule really are setting themselves up for a . Why? Because the bigger and more challenging the goal is, the harder it is for most people to believe 100 per cent that they will achieve it; doubts are commonplace, even amongst the most successful people on the planet. Plus, if someone is actually vain or arrogant enough to go through life totally believing that they will succeed at every important goal they set, sooner or later they will get a big shock, because everybody, no matter how talented and driven they are, will fail at times. Fortunately, you do not have to believe completely that you’ll win the contract in order to put in your proposal. You do not have to believe completely that the answer will be yes in order to ask someone out on a date. You do not have to believe completely that you will win the competition in order to enter. All you need to do is to acknowledge there’s a possibility—even if it’s tiny. And once you’ve acknowledged it’s possible, you can play by this rule: Don’t obsess about the outcome; get passionate about the process. ✽arrogant

01

오만한 ✽✽obsess 집착하다 6049-0091

윗글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?

① Saying No Requires a Shift in Your Thinking ② Playing It Safe Is No Longer an Option for You ③ Achieving Your Goals Is Possible Without a Complete Faith ④ There Is No 100 Per Cent Certainty About Who Will Succeed ⑤ Consider the Possibility of Unexpected Events to Avoid Failure

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윗글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

① secret ④ lawsuit

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② struggle ⑤ designation

③ repetition


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● 글의

해결 전략

●글

소재와 각 단락의 중심 내용을 파악하여 글 전체의 대의를 이해한다.

전체의 중심 내용을 간결하고 함축적으로 나타낼 수 있는 제목을 찾는다.

● 글의

중심 내용을 염두에 두고, 글의 흐름을 자연스럽게 연결하는 말을 찾아 빈칸을 완성한다.

Let’s Solve It with Strategies STEP 1

각 단락의 중심 내용을 연결하여 글의 대의를 파악한다. ●첫

번째 단락의 중심 내용 : 자신의 목표를 성취할 것이라고

100퍼센트 믿어야 한다는 것은 사람들의 그릇된 믿

음 중 하나이며, 그것은 실제로 매우 힘든 일이다. ● ‌두

번째 단락의 중심 내용 : ‘가능성이 있다’는 것을 인정하는 것이 중요하며, 결과에 집착하지 말고 과정을 중

시하라.

→ ‌글의 대의 : 자신의 목표를 반드시 성취할 것이라고 100퍼센트 믿을 필요는 없으며, 목표를 성취할 가능성 이 있다고 인정하면 그 가능성을 믿고 결과보다는 과정을 중요시함으로써 목표 달성을 도모할 수 있다.

STEP 2

글의 대의를 가장 잘 표현한 제목을 찾는다.

글의 대의를 가장 적절히 표현한 것은 ‘Achieving Your Goals Is Possible Without a Complete Faith’이 다. 약간의 가능성이라도 있다고 인정하면 그것을 믿고 과정에 열정적으로 임함으로써 결국에는 목표를 달성 할 가능성을 높일 수 있을 것이기 때문이다.

STEP 3

글의 중심 내용과 빈칸 전후의 흐름을 고려하여 빈칸에 들어갈 말을 찾는다. ● ‌자신의

목표를 성취할 것이라고 확신해야 한다는 것이 사람들의 그릇된 믿음 중 하나라고 말하고 있으므로

빈칸에는 부정적인 내용이 들어간다는 것을 짐작해 볼 수 있다. ● ‌그러한

그릇된 믿음을 가진 사람들이 실패할 경우 커다란 충격을 받을 것이라고 말하고 있으므로, 그들이 목

표를 성취하는 과정은 확신과 좌절을 오가는 ‘힘든 싸움(struggle)’이 되리라는 것을 추론해 볼 수 있다.

 myth (잘못된) 통념, 신화

 vain 자만심이 강한, 헛된, 소용없는

 self-development 자기 개발

 contract 계약(서)

 motivation 동기 부여

 challenging 도전적인

 commonplace 아주 흔한

 driven 의욕이 넘치는

 proposal 계획안, 제안

 passionate 열정적인, 열정을 보이는

Chapter 19 장문의 이해 ( 1 ) - 1지문 2문항

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정답과 해설 48쪽

[01~02] 다음 글을 읽고, 물음에 답하시오.

One of the universal results of globalization is consumerism, defined by an increasing demand for high consumption of a variety of products and services. Consumerism affects tourists by exposing them to the attitudes of the consumeroriented society, with its modern, urban lifestyle, expectations of high service levels, and an understanding that everything is for sale. It is often believed that consumerism is harmful and generates environmental and social problems such as traffic jams, overcrowding, and long lines at attractions, museums, and restaurants. For example, the overwhelming arrival of tourists in Venice has produced a growing number of negative environmental and social impacts. Venice is essentially “full” of tourists. The invasion of visitors in St. Mark’s Basilica has caused serious damage to the frescos through the moisture of the visitors’ breath. Also, the stones underfoot have been worn away by the stream of visitors. However, these environmental problems are often accepted by tourists and seen as being an important part of their experience. Tourist consumption does not necessarily have to . High tourism consumption creates high demand for cultural preservation and conservation. Tourism consumption revitalizes local traditions and authenticity, promotes cultural awareness, and creates new systems of values and power. One must only know which elements of culture are for sale and tourist consumption, which are not, and which need to be preserved. ✽fresco

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프레스코화

✽✽authenticity

진정성

01

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윗글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?

① What Makes Tourists Satisfied? ② The Environmental Cost of Tourism ③ A Sustainable Life: Beyond Consumerism ④ Tourist Consumption: A Double-Edged Sword ⑤ The Impact of Globalization on Local Communities

02 윗글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

① affect tourists ② destroy culture ③ promote globalization ④ revitalize local economy ⑤ cause economic problems

6049-0094


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[03~04] 다음 글을 읽고, 물음에 답하시오.

Scholars tell us that many problems in human affairs result from a tendency to see complex issues in black-and-white terms. Educational debate gives students a chance to consider significant problems from many points of view. As debaters analyze the potential affirmative and negative cases, they begin to realize the complexity of most contemporary problems and to appreciate the worth of a multivalued orientation. As they debate both sides of a proposition, they learn not only that most contemporary problems have more than one side but also that even one side of a proposition embodies a considerable range of values. Sometimes at the start of an academic year, some debaters may, on the basis of a quickly formulated opinion, feel that only one side of a proposition is “right.” After a few debates, however, they usually request an assignment on the other side of the proposition. By the end of the year (or semester), after they have debated on both sides of the proposition, they learn the value of judgment until they have collected and analyzed an adequate amount of evidence. The need to advocate one side of the proposition in a debate also teaches them that decisions cannot be postponed indefinitely. When they finally formulate their personal position on the proposition, it may or may not be the same as at the

03

6049-0095

윗글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?

① Personal Position Vs. Party Position ② Debate Encourages Mature Judgment ③ Debate: An Integrator of Academic Research ④ How Would Your Team Reach an Agreement? ⑤ Essential Skills for Success in Academic Debate

04

6049-0096

윗글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

① suspending ③ enforcing ⑤ applying

② supporting ④ clarifying

beginning of the year. But now it will be a position they have reached after careful consideration, one they can defend logically. ✽embody

담다

Chapter 19 장문의 이해 ( 1 ) - 1지문 2문항

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CHAPTER

20

장문의 이해 ( 2 ) - 1지문 3문항 네 개의 단락으로 이루어진 긴 글을 읽고, 단락의 순서 배열, 지칭 추론, 내용 불일치 여부 파악의 문제 해결을 통해 종합적 사고력을 측정하

유형 분석

는 유형이다.

Let’s Check It Out | 정답과 해설 50쪽 |

[01~03] 다음 글을 읽고, 물음에 답하시오. 

(A) A long time ago, there lived a female prairie dog. One day while she was busy removing dirt from her underground home, a mother mouse sat watching her. “Mrs. Prairie Dog, why are you bringing so much dirt out of your home? Isn’t it big enough for (a) you down there?” Mrs. Prairie Dog answered, “The reason is, someday I may need all this room. It’s always better to be prepared for any emergency.” Mrs. Mouse shook her head in disbelief as she ✽prairie dog 프레리도그 (북미 대초원 지대에 사는 다람쥣과 동물) moved along. (B) One day the sky began to get very dark. Suddenly, out of the dark clouds came a sharp crack! The animals knew that fire would destroy their homes and families. Soon, the smell of burning grass traveled across the prairie. Just when they thought all hope was lost, they heard a voice calling, “Over here my friends! (b) I have room down in my burrow for all of you!” Mrs. Prairie Dog was directing everyone down into (c) her home. Mrs. Mouse and Mrs. Rabbit came with all their children. Family after family came down into the safety of the ✽burrow 굴 burrow.  (C) Time went by and the burrow’s entrance kept piling up with dirt. Mrs. Prairie Dog could sit on the mound and see clearly in all directions. Soon, Mrs. Rabbit stopped to visit Mrs. Prairie Dog. She said, “My dear, everyone is talking about how you just keep digging and digging. When are you going to stop?” Mrs. Prairie Dog answered, “I’ll tell (d) you the same thing I told Mrs. Mouse. One can never be too prepared for an emergency.” Mrs. Rabbit hurried ✽mound 흙더미 along, shaking her head from side to side.  (D) They all could hear the flames consuming the grass around the burrow’s entrance. Then came a sound, like water dowsing the fire. Mrs. Prairie Dog slowly climbed onto her mound. “My friends, come up and see what is happening.” As each creature emerged, they felt the sensation of life-giving rain. Mrs. Mouse and Mrs. Rabbit stood on top of the mound facing Mrs. Prairie Dog. They told (e) her they understood now why it is important to be prepared ✽dowse 끄다 for any type of emergency. 

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해결 전략

● 주어진

단락 (A)를 읽고, 무엇에 관한 글인지 추측한다.

● 사건의

전개, 시간의 흐름, 연결사나 대명사의 쓰임 등에 유의하여 글을 읽고 순서를 파악한다.

● 주어진

순서대로 읽어 가면서 지시어가 가리키는 대상과 내용 일치 여부를 파악한다.

01

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주어진 글 (A)에 이어질 내용을 순서에 맞게 배열한 것으로 가장 적절한 것은?

① (B)-(D)-(C) ④ (D)-(B)-(C)

② (C)-(B)-(D) ⑤ (D)-(C)-(B)

③ (C)-(D)-(B)

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밑줄 친 (a)~(e) 중에서 가리키는 대상이 나머지 넷과 다른 것은?

① (a) ④ (d)

② (b) ⑤ (e)

③ (c)

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윗글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

① Mrs. Prairie Dog은 자신의 집에서 흙을 제거하느라 바빴다. ② 동물들은 불이 집과 가족을 파괴할 것이라는 것을 알았다. ③ Mrs. Prairie Dog은 동물들을 자신의 집으로 인도했다. ④ Mrs. Rabbit은 Mrs. Prairie Dog에게 땅파기를 언제 시작할 것인지 물었다. ⑤ 동물들은 생명을 주는 비의 감동을 느꼈다.

 dirt 흙, 토양

 dig 파다

 disbelief 불신, 의혹

 consume 전소시키다

 emergency 비상사태  crack 갑작스런 날카로운 소리  direct 이끌다

 entrance 입구

 flame 화염, 불꽃  emerge 나오다

 sensation 감동

Chapter 20 장문의 이해 ( 2 ) - 1지문 3문항

85


정답과 해설 51쪽

[01~03] 다음 글을 읽고, 물음에 답하시오.

(A) When Dr. Bill McGee graduated from medical school, he decided to volunteer for a humanitarian medical mission. His specialty was plastic surgery and the intent of the mission was to correct facial deformities. Twenty-three-year-old José heard about this amazing surgery. He had a three-pound tumor growing from his chin that was so large and unnatural. His culture believed that (a) he was possessed by the devil. He was never allowed to attend school, no one would hire him to work, and if and when he ever did go outside, it was at night. ✽deformity

기형

✽✽tumor

종양

(B) When Dr. McGee found out about this story, he immediately cross-referenced the medical information about José and tracked (b) him down in his village. With the help of some donors, Dr. McGee and a team of extraordinarily skilled surgeons performed a series of nine surgeries over the course of several weeks to remove the threepound tumor. When Dr. McGee met him again, he was a handsome and confident man with a wonderful family. (C) Suddenly, José noticed a devastated, crying mother whose little boy would have been next in line for surgery except for the lack of resources. He quickly rationalized that he was old and this little boy would never have to go through life in the lonely, ridiculed way he had. José gave his number to (c) him! With tears in his eyes, not knowing if he would ever have this chance again, José turned and slowly walked his way home.

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(D) Word that the medical volunteers were coming to perform free surgeries ignited in (d) him a spark of hope José had never had. He set out on his long three and a half day journey on foot. José’s name was posted on the board and his name was the last one called. He had passed the screening tests and would receive his surgery the next morning! As José was given his number, he started thinking about all the ways his life would immediately change. (e) He had never kissed his mother good night. Maybe he could actually and finally have a ✽ignite 불을 붙이다 friend? 

01

6049-0100

주어진 글 (A)에 이어질 내용을 순서에 맞게 배열한 것으로 가장 적절한 것은?

① (B)-(D)-(C) ③ (C)-(D)-(B) ⑤ (D)-(C)-(B)

② (C)-(B)-(D) ④ (D)-(B)-(C)

02

6049-0101

밑줄 친 (a)~(e) 중에서 가리키는 대상이 나머지 넷과 다른 것은?

① (a) ④ (d)

② (b) ⑤ (e)

③ (c)

03 윗글의 Jos 에 관한 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

① 턱에 종양이 있었다. ② 야간에 직장에 다녔다. ③ 아홉 번에 걸쳐 종양 제거 수술을 받았다. ④ 절망에 빠진 한 어머니를 발견했다. ⑤ 무료 수술을 위한 선별 검사를 통과했다.

6049-0102


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[04~06] 다음 글을 읽고, 물음에 답하시오.

(A) Last summer my daddy sent me to the store for a box of macaroni-and-cheese, some white rice, and two tomatoes and I came back with a dog. This is what happened. I walked into the produce section of the Winn-Dixie grocery store to pick out my two tomatoes and I almost bumped right into the store manager. He was standing there all red-faced, screaming and waving his arms around. “Who let a dirty dog in here?” he kept on shouting. “Who let (a) him in here?” ✽macaroni-and-cheese

마카로니 치즈 (삶은 마카로니에 치즈 소스를 곁들인 음식)

(B) He stopped and smiled right at me. I had never before in my life seen a dog smile, but that is what he did. (b) He pulled back his lips and showed me all his teeth. Then he wagged his tail so hard that he knocked some oranges off a display, and they went rolling everywhere, mixing in with the tomatoes and onions and green peppers. The manager screamed again, “Somebody grab that dog!” (C) The dog went running over to the manager, wagging his tail and smiling. He stood up on his hind legs. You could tell that all (c) he wanted to do was get face to face with the manager and thank him for the good time he was having, but somehow he ended up knocking (d) him over. “Please,” said the manager. “Somebody call the pound.” And before I knew it, I was shouting, “Wait! That’s my dog!” I knew I’d done something big. Maybe stupid, too. But I couldn’t help it. I couldn’t let that dog go to the pound. ✽pound

주인 잃은 개 보호소

(D) At first, I didn’t see a dog. There were just a lot

of vegetables rolling around on the floor, tomatoes and onions and green peppers. And there was what seemed like a whole army of Winn-Dixie

employees running around waving their arms just the same way the store manager was waving his. And then he came running around the corner. He was a big dog. And ugly. And he looked like (e) he was having a real good time. His tongue was hanging out and he was wagging his tail.

04

6049-0103

주어진 글 (A)에 이어질 내용을 순서에 맞게 배열한 것으로 가장 적절한 것은?

① (B)-(D)-(C) ③ (C)-(D)-(B) ⑤ (D)-(C)-(B)

② (C)-(B)-(D) ④ (D)-(B)-(C)

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밑줄 친 (a)~(e) 중에서 가리키는 대상이 나머지 넷과 다른 것은?

① (a) ④ (d)

② (b) ⑤ (e)

06

③ (c)

6049-0105

윗글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

① 매장 안에서 매장 관리인이 소리를 지르고 있었다. ② 개가 꼬리를 흔들어 진열대에서 오렌지를 떨어뜨렸다. ③ 개가 매장 관리인에게 달려갔다. ④ 매장 안에서 직원들이 이리저리 뛰어다니고 있었다. ⑤ 매장 안에 있던 개는 작고 예쁘게 생겼다.

Chapter 20 장문의 이해 ( 2 ) - 1지문 3문항

87


MEMO


EBS 수능완성 영어영역 영어

PART 2 실전편 실전 모의고사 1회 실전 모의고사 2회 실전 모의고사 3회 실전 모의고사 4회 실전 모의고사 5회


실전 모의고사 1회

제한시간

| 배점

100 점

정답과 해설 53쪽

문항에 따라 배점이 다릅니다. 3점 문항에는 점수가 표시되어

03

있습니다. 점수 표시가 없는 문항은 모두 2점입니다.

70 분

6049-0108

다음을 듣고, 남자가 하는 말의 주제로 가장 적절한 것을 고르 시오. 1번부터 17번까지는 듣고 답하는 문제입니다. 1번부터 15번 까지는 한 번만 들려주고, 16번부터 17번까지는 두 번 들려줍니 다. 방송을 잘 듣고 답을 하시기 바랍니다.

01

6049-0106

① 먼지가 건강에 미치는 영향 ② 집 안의 먼지를 줄이는 방법 ③ 미세 먼지를 증가시키는 요인 ④ 환기를 충분히 해야 하는 이유 ⑤ 양탄자를 올바르게 관리하는 요령

대화를 듣고, 남자의 마지막 말에 대한 여자의 응답으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

① I’ve collected them for a month. ② I want you to take the trash out. ③ I brought those plastic bottles here. ④ I don’t need those bottles any more. ⑤ I’m planning to use them for a project.

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6049-0109

대화를 듣고, 여자의 주장으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

① 더 많은 공원을 조성해야 한다. ② 공원 내 스포츠 시설을 확충해야 한다. ③ 운동에 더 많은 시간을 투자해야 한다. ④ 정기적으로 공공시설의 안전을 점검해야 한다. ⑤ 국가적 차원의 건강 관리 체계가 구축되어야 한다.

02

6049-0107

대화를 듣고, 여자의 마지막 말에 대한 남자의 응답으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

① Good for you. I knew you’d succeed. ② Thank you for printing out my report. ③ Don’t worry. I think I can get it fixed. ④ I know how to manage electronic waste. ⑤ You won’t regret it if you buy this printer.

90

EBS 수능완성 영어

05

6049-0110

대화를 듣고, 두 사람의 관계를 가장 잘 나타낸 것을 고르시오.

① 코치 - 운동선수 ② 사진작가 - 요리사 ③ 요리 강사 - 수강생 ④ 잡지 기자 - 영화배우 ⑤ 영화감독 - 시나리오 작가


www.ebsi .co.kr

06

6049-0111

대화를 듣고, 그림에서 대화의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것을 고르시오.

08

6049-0113

대화를 듣고, 남자가 여자의 집들이에 갈 수 없는 이유를 고르 시오.

① 이사를 해야 해서 ② 출장을 가야 해서 ③ 가족 여행을 가야 해서 ④ 친구 결혼식에 가야 해서 ⑤ 테니스 시합에 나가야 해서

① ⑤

09

6049-0114

대화를 듣고, 여자가 지불할 금액을 고르시오. | 3점 |

① $80 ② $110 ③ $160 ④ $180 ⑤ $220

07

6049-0112

10

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대화를 듣고, 여자가 남자에게 부탁한 일로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

대화를 듣고, 박물관에 관해 두 사람이 언급하지 않은 것을 고르시오.

① 커피와 간식 사다 주기 ② 프레젠테이션 준비 돕기 ③ 책장 배달 시각 문의하기 ④ 책장 놓을 곳의 청소 돕기 ⑤ 온라인으로 책장 주문하기

① 위치 ② 개관 시각 ③ 주차 요금 ④ 입장권 할인 ⑤ 휴대 금지 물품

실전 모의고사 1회

91


실전 모의고사 1회

11

6049-0116

Environment Letter-Writing Contest에 관한 다음 내용을 듣고, 일치하지 않는 것을 고르시오.

① 지역의 지도자들에게 편지를 쓰는 형태의 대회이다. ② 모든 참가자들은 참가 증명서를 받게 될 것이다. ③ 팀 단위로 참가할 수 있다. ④ 편지 제출 기한은 10월 10일이다. ⑤ 3명을 선발하여 장학금을 수여한다.

13

정답과 해설 57쪽

6049-0118

대화를 듣고, 남자의 마지막 말에 대한 여자의 응답으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

Woman: ① ‌Well, I have to train my dog right away. ② I haven’t volunteered at an animal shelter yet. ③ May I go to your place and see your dog now? ④ ‌Then I suggest you learn more before getting a

dog. ⑤ ‌In that case, you have to take your dog to an animal hospital.

14

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대화를 듣고, 여자의 마지막 말에 대한 남자의 응답으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. | 3점 |

Man: ① I’m sorry, but I don’t know you well. ② You have to register for the oral exam. ③ ‌Can you tell me how you passed the oral exam? ④ ‌How about finding a teacher who doesn’t know

you well?

⑤ ‌I think you should help your teachers prepare for

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the oral exam.

다음 표를 보면서 대화를 듣고, 두 사람이 선택한 패키지 상품을 고르시오.

Farm Experience Packages Price Package (per person)

A

$25

B

$30

C

$35

D

$45

E

$55

92

EBS 수능완성 영어

Activity

Lunch

Cheese Making

Not Provided

Cheese Making

Tent Rental Service ×

Not Provided

Provided

×

Horseback Not Riding Provided

Cheese Making

Horseback Provided Riding

15

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다음 상황 설명을 듣고, Ms. Brown이 남편에게 할 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. | 3점 |

Ms. Brown: ① I can’t join you. I have to go on a business trip. ② It’s not that cold here. May I turn off the heater? ③ ‌Let me find a nice camping site as soon as I get

there. ④ ‌It’s going to be cold. Make sure to wear warm clothes. ⑤ ‌The camping trip was canceled because of the bad weather.


www.ebsi .co.kr

18

[16~17] 다음을 듣고, 물음에 답하시오.

6049-0123

다음 글의 목적으로 가장 적절한 것은?

16

6049-0121

여자가 하는 말의 목적으로 가장 적절한 것은? ‌ warn against the dangers of stress ① to ‌ introduce the benefits of vitamins in food ② to ‌ explain the function of the immune system ③ to ④ to give information on reducing stress with food ⑤ to emphasize the necessity of good eating habits

17

6049-0122

언급된 식품이 아닌 것은?

① blueberry ② milk ③ almond ④ carrot ⑤ orange

Dear Parents, The opening ceremony of the Rugby World Cup on Friday 18 September 2015 is likely to have significant implications for local traffic as sections of the A316 will be closed to traffic from 4:00 pm on that day until approximately 11:45 pm. This will affect some of our school bus routes and also other forms of transport in the local area. We have contacted The Lady Eleanor Holles School (LEH) and have decided that we (Hampton, Denmead and LEH) will close the schools at 3:00 pm on Friday 18 September 2015 so that vehicles are able to leave before the traffic gets heavier. We would like to ask you in advance to make suitable allowance for your child’s early arrival at home on that day. With best wishes, Mike King Principal of Hampton High School ① 학생들의 조기 하교를 고지하려고 ② 등교 시간 변경에 대한 의견을 구하려고 ③ 대중교통을 이용한 등하교를 권장하려고 ④ 등하교 시 교통안전사고 주의를 당부하려고 ⑤ 럭비 대회 결승전 개막식 참가를 요청하려고

이제 듣기 문제가 끝났습니다. 18번부터는 문제지의 지시에 따라 답을 하시기 바랍니다.

실전 모의고사 1회

93


실전 모의고사 1회

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정답과 해설 61쪽

20

6049-0125

다음 글에서 필자가 주장하는 바로 가장 적절한 것은?

다음 글의 분위기로 가장 적절한 것은?

The pleasure of eating should be an extensive pleasure, not that of the mere gourmet. People who know the garden in which their vegetables have grown and know that the garden is healthy will remember the beauty of the growing plants. Such a memory involves itself with the food and is one of the pleasures of eating. The knowledge of the good health of the garden relieves and frees and comforts the eater. The same goes for eating meat. The thought of the good pasture and of the calf contentedly grazing flavors the steak. Some, I know, will think it bloodthirsty or worse to eat a fellow creature you have known all its life. On the contrary, I think it means you eat with understanding and with gratitude. A significant part of the pleasure of eating is one’s accurate consciousness of the lives and the world from which food comes.

I cut across the beach and walked on a small dam up to its end. Soft wind coming from the shore reached the place where I was sitting on the dam. The air had a certain pleasant scent that was a synthesis of freshness. From the dam, my eyes searched the shore where the first leaves were beautifying the trees’ branches and, from place to place, small and colorful flowers arose. The green was taking over the winter’s grays. At the dam’s end, I saw ducks, which joined the waves, attempting to hide a fishing exercise. Other birds were lazily resting on the dam’s floor. When I first passed on that floor, I felt like an intruder. However, the birds read my mind, sensing my intention not to disturb their world. Then the birds’ world accepted me with caution.

✽gourmet

미식가

① 음식을 만드는 과정에는 영양학적 지식이 포함되어야 한다. ② ‌음식은 맛만이 아니라 식재료의 출처도 인식하면서 즐겨 야 한다.

③ ‌건강의 효용이라는 측면에서 상반되는 음식의 섭취를 자 제해야 한다.

④ ‌먹는 일뿐만 아니라 음식을 만드는 데서도 즐거움을 누릴 수 있어야 한다.

⑤ ‌건강을 위해 자연 친화적인 환경에서 생산된 식재료로 음 식을 만들어야 한다.

94

EBS 수능완성 영어

✽synthesis

① tense and urgent ② noisy and festive ③ witty and humorous ④ gloomy and miserable ⑤ peaceful and leisurely

통합체

✽✽intruder

침입자


www.ebsi .co.kr

21

6049-0126

22

6049-0127

다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은?

다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은?

A person whose behavior causes difficulties for you and others is a difficult person. Dealing with difficult people simply means dealing with difficult behaviors. The best way to manage interactions with difficult people is to adjust your own reactions so that you can successfully resolve the conflict. For example, a client starts to blame you for something that was not your fault. Your natural reaction might be to defend yourself. Most of us have a tendency to respond this way; however, you rarely solve anything by being defensive. Another reaction might be that you’re furious but grit your teeth, having allowed the situation to get to you. Ask yourself, “Is the client mad at me or the situation?” In most cases, it’s the situation. Before responding to any type of difficult situation, take time to recognize the client is not angry at you. Therefore, there is no need to defend yourself, which is the best solution.

Television viewing is more than just a sedentary activity. Think about people’s habits before they sit down to watch a favorite show. They turn on the television, then stop by the kitchen for a box of crackers and processed cheese. They return to watch the show, start snacking, and are bombarded with commercials about soft drinks, beer, and unhealthy foods. Viewers are attracted to purchase and eat unhealthy, calorie-dense foods in an unnecessary and mindless “snacking setting.” Television viewing has been shown to reduce the number of fruits and vegetables some people consume, most likely because people are eating the unhealthy foods advertised on television. Calorie intake has been found to go up regardless of the individual’s hunger cues.

✽grit

one’s teeth 이를 악물다

① 좋고 나쁜 것은 주관적인 생각에 의해 결정된다. ② 갈등은 때로 제삼자의 개입으로 해결되기도 한다. ③ 방어적인 태도를 보이는 것은 타고난 기질의 문제이다. ④ ‌잘못된 습관을 고치는 데는 다른 사람의 적극적인 도움이

✽sedentary

주로 앉아서 하는

✽✽bombard

공세를 하다, 퍼붓다

① importance of healthy eating habits ② unexpected risk of excessive calorie intake ③ influence of TV viewing on lack of exercise ④ correlation between TV viewing and inactivity ⑤ negative effect of TV viewing on eating habits

필요하다.

⑤ ‌까다로운 사람을 대할 때는 그것이 상황의 문제임을 인식 할 필요가 있다.

실전 모의고사 1회

95


실전 모의고사 1회

23

6049-0128

다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?

The loss of linguistic diversity is of great concern to linguists. Losing a language causes an erosion of cultural and environmental knowledge about local plant and animal life because “information about local ecosystems is so complicatedly woven into these languages that it cannot be replaced simply through translation”. Abandoning native or what are often called heritage languages causes a loss of culture and identity, and is symptomatic of the loss of cultural diversity. Many native languages are oral, which means losing their vocabularies is a form of cultural poverty; communities are deprived of their history, artistic expression (e.g., songs, poems), cultural and environmental knowledge, and human experience. Speech communities, and indeed the world, lose the unique identity and worldview attached to a language when it disappears. ① Spoken Language vs. Written Language ② Linguistic Diversity: How Can We Protect It? ‌ ③ What Do We Lose When a Language Disappears? ‌ ④ Why Is Cultural Diversity Management Important? ‌ ⑤ Difficulty of Translating from One Language to

Another

정답과 해설 63쪽

24

6049-0129

Student Transportation 서비스에 관한 다음 안내문의 내용 과 일치하는 것은?

Student Transportation Transportation for public school students is provided by the school corporation when walking distances exceed one and one-half miles for secondary students and one mile for elementary students. Kindergarten students who attend half-day classes receive one-way transportation to school. Parents are responsible for transportation from school after morning session is over. Parents can locate bus stop and late bus information via the Internet by going to www. mccsc.edu, and clicking on the link to “Bus Stop Information” in the left column. Sa f e ty is a n impor ta nt tr a ns p o r ta tio n consideration. Students may be provided transportation when they live closer than the mileage guidelines and unreasonable safety risks exist in relationship to the student’s age. Parents who believe that a dangerous situation exists may request consideration through the Transportation and Safety Committee, who will study the case and report to the Superintendent. The Transportation Department may be reached at 330-7719. ✽superintendent

교육감

등하교 거리가 1.5마일이 넘을 때만 이 ① 초등학생에게는 ‌ 서비스가 제공된다.

② ‌이 서비스는 오전반 유치원생에게는 하교 때만 제공된다. ③ 학부모는 버스 정류장에 관한 정보를 우편으로 받는다. ④ ‌안전에 문제가 있다고 여겨지면 제한 거리보다 가까워도 서비스가 제공될 수 있다.

⑤ ‌요청 사항이 있는 학부모는 교육감에게 직접 전화해야 한다.

96

EBS 수능완성 영어


www.ebsi .co.kr

25

6049-0130

Street Tree Walking Tour에 관한 다음 안내문의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

Street Tree Walking Tour

26

6049-0131

다음 도표의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

Protected Areas (% of total territorial area)

Join a walking tour of one of our neighborhood’s greatest assets: our street trees. Experience the neighborhood’s amazing wealth of street trees — including some that are more than 100 years old! Throughout the tour, your street tree guide will: • Identify trees and their characteristics • Share interesting facts • Explore local tree history • ‌Discuss the many ways street trees benefit the environment

WHEN:

Saturday, April 30, 2016, 1:00 p.m. – 4:00 p.m. LOCATION:

Tours start and finish at 1414 Cortelyou Rd. The tour will curve through the neighborhoods of Beverley Square West and the South Historic District. SPECIAL DETAILS:

The tour is about a mile in length and will take place, rain or shine. Please dress appropriately for the weather and the walk. ① 투어에서 볼 가로수 중 일부의 수령은 100년이 넘었다. ② 가이드가 나무 종류와 특성에 대해 설명해 준다. ③ 토요일 오후에 세 시간 동안 진행된다. ④ 투어 출발 지점과 도착 지점이 동일하다. ⑤ 비가 오면 행사가 취소된다.

The above graph shows protected areas’ percentages of total territorial area by region in 1990 and 2012. ① According to the global average, the percentage of protected areas increased more than 5 percentage points from 1990 to 2012. ② Among the regions above, Latin America & the Caribbean showed the biggest percentage point increase in protected areas. ③ In 1990, sub-Saharan Africa was the only region in which the percentage o f protected areas was more than 10 percent. ④ However, in 2012, all the regions except Europe & Central Asia had more than 10 percent o f their territory designated as protected areas. ⑤ In 1990, the region with the lowest percentage of protected areas was the Middle East & North Africa, while in 2012 it was Europe & Central Asia. ✽territorial

영토의, 토지의

실전 모의고사 1회

97


실전 모의고사 1회

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6049-0132

Topcar에 관한 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

Topcar is a membership-­b ased car­- sharing company providing car rentals to its members, chargeable by the hour or day. Currently operating in fifty U.S. cities, Vancouver, Toronto, and London, Topcar represents a new business model in car rentals. The concept is to provide simple, fast, and inexpensive Internet-­based car sharing on an hourly or daily basis. Unlike traditional car rental companies, the Topcar rental price includes gas, insurance, and parking. There are no lines or waiting because you reserve your car online, and it’s waiting for you instead of the other way around. Rather than being housed at a car rental agency, the cars are located in parking lots and garages throughout the cities where the company operates. You go online, find a car near you, and then reserve it for when you need it. Prices are generally cheaper than typical car rental agencies, except for long trips and extended rental periods. ① 회원제에 기반한 회사이다. ② 미국에서는 현재 50개 도시에서 운영되고 있다. ③ 차의 대여 비용에는 주차 요금이 포함되어 있다. ④ 차를 빌릴 때 줄을 서거나 기다릴 일이 없다. ‌ 차로 장거리 여행을 할 경우 일반 자동차 대여점 ⑤ 대여한 보다 저렴하다.

98

EBS 수능완성 영어

정답과 해설 65쪽

28

6049-0133

(A), (B), (C)의 각 네모 안에서 어법에 맞는 말로 가장 적절한 것은? | 3점 |

I worry that people will gradually stop the major long-term investments in research that are essential if we are to answer difficult (and often abstract) scientific questions. Important fundamental experimental science will always be at the edge of (A) that / what is technologically feasible, and moving forward requires commitment to advances. The applications are not obvious, so there has to be an underlying belief that (B) finds / finding the answers to deep and significant questions about how the universe evolved, how we evolved, what we are made of, what space is made of, and how things work is important. The ability to find answers to these questions is one of the characteristics that make human beings (C) unique / uniquely and give meaning to our lives. Giving this up for shortterm ends would be a tragedy. ✽feasible

(A) (B) (C) …… uniquely ① that …… finds ② that …… finding …… unique ③ what …… finding …… unique …… uniquely ④ what …… finds ⑤ what …… finding …… uniquely

실현 가능한


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29

6049-0134

다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중, 문맥상 낱말의 쓰임이 적절하지 않은 것은?

The first thing to understand about anxiety is that it’s part of our biological heritage. Long before any recorded human history, our ancestors lived in a world filled with life-threatening dangers: predators, hunger, toxic plants, unfriendly neighbors, heights, disease, drowning. It was in the face of these dangers that the human mind ① evolved. The qualities necessary to ② avoid danger were the qualities that evolution bred into us as human beings. A good many of those qualities amounted simply to different forms of ③ negligence. Fear was protective; one had to be cautious about many things to survive. This cautiousness ④ persists in our present psychological makeup in the form of some of our deepest hatreds and fears. These fears were adaptive—they are really ⑤ survival instincts left over from a primitive era.

30

6049-0135

밑줄 친 부분이 가리키는 대상이 나머지 넷과 다른 것은?

When Richard I was captured by the Austrians, it was some time before anyone in England discovered where ① he was. A minstrel called Blondel searched for ② his master throughout Europe in vain. Returning home through Austria, however, he learned that in an ancient fortress near Linz there was a closely guarded prisoner whose identity no one knew. Blondel, suspecting ③ the mysterious captive was the one he was searching for, went to the castle but was unable to catch a glimpse of the prisoner. He eventually located a tiny barred window, high up on the castle wall, which he thought was ④ the prisoner’s cell. Under this window he sang the first couplet of a minstrel’s song, the first part of which had been composed by ⑤ himself and the second by Richard I. From the window a voice responded with the second part, and Blondel knew that he had found his master. ✽minstrel

음유 시인

✽✽couplet

2행 연구(聯句)

실전 모의고사 1회

99


실전 모의고사 1회

[31~34] 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

31

6049-0136

You can’t have a democracy if you can’t talk with your neighbors about matters of mutual interest or concern. Thomas Jefferson, who had an enduring interest in democracy, came to a similar conclusion. He was prescient in understanding the dangers of concentrated power, whether in corporations or in political leaders or exclusionary political institutions. Direct involvement of citizens was what had made the American Revolution possible and given the new republic vitality and hope for the future. Without that involvement, the republic would die. Eventually, he saw a need for the nation to be subdivided into “wards”—political units so small that everyone living there could participate directly in the political process. The representatives for each ward in the capital would have to be responsive to citizens organized in this way. A vibrant democracy conducted would then provide the active basic unit for the democratic life of the republic. With that kind of involvement, the republic might survive and prosper. | 3점 | ✽prescient 선견지명이 있는 ✽✽vibrant 활기찬  ① locally ② officially ③ uniquely ④ responsibly ⑤ exclusively

100

EBS 수능완성 영어

32

정답과 해설 66쪽

6049-0137

Learning the skills needed to make art can take a significant amount of time. How long did it take you to make this work? is a question often asked

of artists. The assumption that the longer it took the better the art is likely to be completely ignores artists’ education, training, and experience. Chinese artists can produce beautiful calligraphy in a matter of minutes. But their ability to skillfully move the ink and brushes on paper is the result of years of practice. The American artist James McNeill Whistler argued that the value of his painting Nocturne in Black and Gold: the Falling Rocket (1875) represents , and cannot be judged merely on the amount of time it took him to create it. | 3점 | ✽calligraphy 서예 작품(글씨)  ① the imagination at its most pure ② his interactions with contemporaries ③ the knowledge he acquired over a long period ④ attempts to combine visual art with literary art ⑤ the present value of its future economic benefits


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33

6049-0138

Paradoxically, some studies suggest that patients may be more satisfied when more is done, even if what is done doesn’t improve their health. Researchers at nine Virginia hospitals tested the benefit of more doctor visits and more frequent telephone follow-­u p for patients released from the hospital. They studied patients with chronic problems: heart failure, diabetes, or emphysema. Unexpectedly, patients who got closer follow­- up were more likely to be sent into hospital again and spent more days in the hospital than patients who just got their usual care. There were no differences in quality of life between the groups. Nonetheless, those with closer follow­- up were more satisfied with their care. This suggested that . | 3점 | ✽diabetes

당뇨병

✽✽emphysema

폐기종

‌ ’ satisfaction depended on achievement, ① patients

not recognition ② ‌patients could make decisions by themselves, not by their doctors ③ ‌quality of life varied depending on the environment surrounding patients ④ ‌the added attention and care made patients happier but not healthier ⑤ ‌living with chronic health problems challenged both patients and their families

34

6049-0139

The Internet can spread hatred as well as freedom. Along with the invitation for shared information, there are also calls for terror. But we will disappear as a species, and take other forms of life down with us, if we obsess only about our failings. Concentrating on destructive characteristics blocks from view the possibilities that can arise when we recognize life as a chain of solidarity with other beings. This is the connected world of the Net, which is a literary world. It is not a galaxy of fiction but a universe linked by fiction—by our abilities to imagine alternate realities, to conceive what other people might be feeling, to be mindful of them, to identify ourselves with them, and to change society. We can solve our global problems more effectively if we envision more vividly . | 3점 | ✽obsess

집착하다

✽✽solidarity

연대

① ‌our ties to other human beings ② our role in creating a global society ③ the times that we have been through ④ the stories shared in the virtual world ⑤ the relationships with our future generations

실전 모의고사 1회

101


실전 모의고사 1회

[35~36] 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

35

6049-0140

A manager supervises a team of four people. One weekend, he came into the office and moved everyone’s desk into a format that he thought would be more efficient. (A) ‌Then he had them get together and give him a recommendation on how the office could be redone to make it more efficient. Interestingly enough, they came up with the same plan! (B) ‌So they moved the furniture back to where their supervisor had placed it. This time they felt comfortable with the change because it had been “their idea” and not a prescription from the boss. (C) ‌When his team came to work Monday morning, all four were really upset—so upset that he allowed them to move everything back to where it had been. ✽prescription

① (A)-(C)-(B) ③ (B)-(C)-(A) ⑤ (C)-(B)-(A)

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EBS 수능완성 영어

② (B)-(A)-(C) ④ (C)-(A)-(B)

방안, 처방

정답과 해설 69쪽

36

6049-0141

The device that transforms an analog waveform, such as speech, into a digital form consisting of a sequence of numbers is called an analog-to-digital converter (ADC). (A) ‌These digital data are converted back into an electrical waveform using a digital-to-analog converter (DAC). This electrical signal is fed into an amplifier that drives a speaker that reproduces the original acoustic signal. (B) ‌Once in digital form, the digital samples can be processed, stored, or transmitted using digital technology. In the digital audio case, the acoustic signal is converted to an electrical analog waveform by a microphone. (C) ‌This analog signal is applied to an ADC that produces a sequence of numbers in binary (0/1) form. These data representing audio information are stored in a computer memory on your MP3 player or smartphone. ✽acoustic

① (A)-(C)-(B) ③ (B)-(C)-(A) ⑤ (C)-(B)-(A)

음향의

✽✽binary

② (B)-(A)-(C) ④ (C)-(A)-(B)

2진법의


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[37~38] 글의 흐름으로 보아, 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳을 고르시오.

37

6049-0142

The next great leap forward did not occur until the invention of movable type by Gutenberg in the fifteenth century. The rate at which information has been gathered has been increasing steadily for 10,000 years. ( ① ) The first great breakthrough occurred with the invention of writing. ( ② ) Prior to this event, Europe was producing approximately one thousand book titles annually, and a library of 100,000 titles took nearly one hundred years to turn out. ( ③ ) In the years after Gutenberg’s accomplishment, a tremendous acceleration occurred such that, by 1950, Europe was producing 120,000 titles per year. ( ④ ) What had once taken a century now required only ten months. ( ⑤ ) Today, the world’s output of books is more than 5,000 titles per day. ✽acceleration

가속

38

6049-0143

Mathematics is by nature an accumulative subject; most of what was created millennia ago—both content and processes—is still valid today. Mathematics as taught in school is perceived by most secondary school students as a subject lacking history. ( ① ) The teacher becomes the source of all that has to be learned on the subject, and his task is to convey that knowledge to the student. ( ② ) Usually in the instructional process, the understanding of the process of mathematical creation and of the age-­o ld grappling with mathematical problems are completely lost. ( ③ ) Mathematics to most students is a closed subject, located in the mind of the teacher who decides whether answers are correct or not. ( ④ ) This situation is particularly harmful to mathematics teaching, more than to teaching in most of the other sciences. ( ⑤ ) Exposing students to some of this development has the potential to make the subject fun and to humanize it for them. | 3점 | ✽grapple

with ~을 해결하려고 노력하다

실전 모의고사 1회

103


실전 모의고사 1회

39

6049-0144

다음 글에서 전체 흐름과 관계 없는 문장은?

One reason consumers form continuing relationships with companies is their desire to reduce choices. Through relationships, they can simplify information gathering and the entire buying process as well as decrease the risk of dissatisfaction. ① They find comfort in brands that have become familiar through their ongoing relationships with companies. ② Such relationships may lead to more efficient decision making by customers and higher levels of customer satisfaction. ③ Research suggests that getting a new customer costs five times more than retaining a current one. ④ A key benefit to consumers in long-term buyer-seller relationships is the perceived positive value they receive. ⑤ Relationships add value because of increased opportunities for frequent customers to save money through discounts, rebates, and similar offers; via special recognition from the relationship programs; and through convenience in shopping. ✽rebate

정답과 해설 71쪽

40

6049-0145

다음 글의 내용을 한 문장으로 요약하고자 한다. 빈칸 (A)와 (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

As babies develop, they continue to interpret what is dangerous, as well as learning how to bring relief through reading nonverbal cues and eventually, through understanding verbal language. They ask and receive reassurance repeatedly from their parents and other caregivers. A toddler seeing snow for the first time might say “Mamma!” with alarm, alternating looking at the snow with looking at her mother, pointing, and showing distress. Her mother reassures her, smiling, “It’s just snow, honey.” The toddler, having no idea what “snow” means or if it is dangerous, comes to recognize that her mother is not scared from her facial expression, and reassuring tone, which she has learned to interpret over time, and concludes that snow is not dangerous. ✽

리베이트(대금의 일부를 돌려주는 것)

Babies determine whether something is (A) (B) or not by interpreting from their parents and other caregivers. (A) (B) ① difficult …… praises ② valuable …… praises ③ harmful …… songs …… signals ④ fair …… signals ⑤ unsafe

104

EBS 수능완성 영어

toddler (걸음마를 시작한) 유아


www.ebsi .co.kr

[41~42] 다음 글을 읽고, 물음에 답하시오.

Samuele Marcora is a researcher at the University of Kent, in England; previously, he was at Bangor University, in Wales, where he began to study and demonstrate the connections between mental fatigue and physical performance. His group compared the performance of cyclists who had done one of two things before starting an exercise test: They spent ninety minutes either performing a letter­-recognition task or watching documentaries about Ferraris and the Orient Express train. Then, they were asked to get on a fixed bicycle and perform a standard physiological test until they couldn’t go on any longer. The riders who had watched the movies averaged about 12.6 minutes in the cycling test. Those who had done the letter-recognition test, which was designed to fatigue them mentally, lasted only 10.7 minutes on average. The subjects who were mentally fatigued performed about 15 percent worse than the other riders. There wasn’t any sort of difference in the heart rates or oxygen consumption between the two groups. What was different was their sense of how hard they were working. From the very start of the cycling test, the mentally fatigued group rated their effort as more demanding than the movie-­watching riders. As the researchers put it: “Given no effect of mental fatigue on potential motivation in our experiment, the key to understand its negative effect on short-term endurance performance is measured during high­-intensity cycling exercise.”

41

6049-0146

윗글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?

① Tired Brain, Tired Body ② More Effort, More Gain   ③ What Causes Mental Fatigue? ④ Is More Exercise Really Good? ⑤ Sound Body Equals Sound Mind

42

6049-0147

윗글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? | 3점 |

① the lower burden of pressure ② the higher perception of effort ③ the greater ignorance of fatigue ④ the lower evaluation of confidence ⑤ the higher expectation of recognition

실전 모의고사 1회

105


실전 모의고사 1회

[43~45] 다음 글을 읽고, 물음에 답하시오.

(A) William Beckford, famous for having spent his fortune on his house, built a high wall around his estate at Fonthill to discourage visitors. One determined young man managed to slip unobserved through the main gate during a tradesman’s call. Heading across the park, he came to a walled vegetable garden. A man who had been digging potatoes came over and asked the stranger to identify himself. The young man explained that (a) he had heard a great deal about the beauties of Fonthill and finding the gate open took the opportunity of having a look.

정답과 해설 73쪽

to you, sir,” he told the young man, “and I am to say that as (e) you found your way into Fonthill Abbey without assistance, you may find your way out again as best you can, and he hopes that you will take care to avoid the bloodhounds that are let loose in the gardens every night. I wish you good ✽footman 하인 evening, sir.”

43

6049-0148

주어진 글 (A)에 이어질 내용을 순서에 맞게 배열한 것으로 가장 적절한 것은?

① (B)-(D)-(C) ③ (C)-(D)-(B) ⑤ (D)-(C)-(B)

② (C)-(B)-(D) ④ (D)-(B)-(C)

(B)

With the door resolutely shut behind (b) him, the young man ran as fast as he could to the nearest tree and climbed up out of reach of the hounds. There he spent a night of acute terror and discomfort until dawn when he was able to make his way in safety ✽hound 사냥개 to the main gate and escape. (C) The gardener seemed sympathetic, showed him around the greenhouses, and then said, “Would (c) you like to see the house and its contents?” After a comprehensive tour of the house, the young man’s guide pressed him to stay and have some dinner, then revealed (d) his true identity; he was, of course, William Beckford. The young man readily agreed to stay, and he and Beckford had a magnificent meal and thoroughly enjoyable conversation. (D) On the stroke of eleven Beckford withdrew to bed. A footman showed the guest to the door. “Mr. Beckford ordered me to present his compliments 106

EBS 수능완성 영어

44

6049-0149

밑줄 친 (a)~(e) 중에서 가리키는 대상이 나머지 넷과 다른  것은?

① (a)

45

② (b)

③ (c)

④ (d)

⑤ (e)

6049-0150

윗글의 One determined young man에 관한 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

① 큰 정원을 가로질러 담으로 둘러싸인 채소밭에 도착했다. ② 새벽이 될 때까지 나무 위에서 하룻밤을 보냈다. ③ Beckford의 온실과 집을 구경했다. ④ 즐거운 대화를 나누며 Beckford와 식사를 했다. ⑤ 문간까지 가는 길에 Beckford의 배웅을 받았다.


실전 모의고사 2회

제한시간

70 분

| 배점

정답과 해설 74쪽

문항에 따라 배점이 다릅니다. 3점 문항에는 점수가 표시되어

03

있습니다. 점수 표시가 없는 문항은 모두 2점입니다.

100 점

6049-0153

다음을 듣고, 여자가 하는 말의 목적으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. 1번부터 17번까지는 듣고 답하는 문제입니다. 1번부터 15번 까지는 한 번만 들려주고, 16번부터 17번까지는 두 번 들려줍니 다. 방송을 잘 듣고 답을 하시기 바랍니다.

01

6049-0151

① 정기적인 소방 훈련을 건의하려고 ② 화재 발생 시 대피 요령을 안내하려고 ③ 아파트 건물의 도색 계획에 반대하려고 ④ 주차 공간의 효율적 이용 방안을 설명하려고 ⑤ 소방차 전용 구역 내 주차 금지를 당부하려고

대화를 듣고, 남자의 마지막 말에 대한 여자의 응답으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

① Sure, I’ll text it to you later. ② I don’t like online shopping. ③ Yes. My bike was stolen last night. ④ That’s okay. I can fix it on my own. ⑤ Don’t worry. I can teach you how to ride a bike.

04

6049-0154

대화를 듣고, 두 사람이 하는 말의 주제로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

① 관광 가이드의 자격 조건 ② 여행 산업의 성장과 전망 ③ 여행할 때 지켜야 할 안전수칙 ④ 여행이 창의성 계발에 미치는 영향 ⑤ 관광 가이드 없이 여행하는 것의 장점

02

6049-0152

대화를 듣고, 여자의 마지막 말에 대한 남자의 응답으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

① Well, a new one isn’t always better. ② Let me call your phone so it will ring. ③ I’m sorry. I forgot to bring your phone. ④ Don’t worry. I saved it in my cell phone.  our phone looks nice. I want one like yours, ⑤Y

too.

05

6049-0155

대화를 듣고, 두 사람의 관계를 가장 잘 나타낸 것을 고르시오.

① 화가 – 기자 ② 화랑 주인 – 관람객 ③ 관광 가이드 – 관광객 ④ 미술관 관장 – 미술관 직원 ⑤ 잡지사 편집장 – 사진작가

실전 모의고사 2회

107


실전 모의고사 2회

06

6049-0156

대화를 듣고, 그림에서 대화의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것을 고르시오.

정답과 해설 76쪽

08

6049-0158

대화를 듣고, 남자가 여행을 취소한 이유를 고르시오.

① 강의를 수강해야 해서 ② 캠프에 참가해야 해서 ③ 여행 일정이 변경되어서 ④ 항공권을 구입하지 못해서 ⑤ 여동생이 함께 여행을 갈 수 없어서

09

6049-0159

대화를 듣고, 남자가 지불할 금액을 고르시오. | 3점 |

① $90 ② $120 ③ $130 ④ $150 ⑤ $160

07

6049-0157

대화를 듣고, 여자가 남자에게 부탁한 일로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

① to lend his book to her ② to allow her to visit his office ③ to return a book to the library ④ to help her order a book online ⑤ to buy a book from the bookstore

108

EBS 수능완성 영어

10

6049-0160

대화를 듣고, LK Twin Buildings에 관해 두 사람이 언급하지 않은 것을 고르시오.

① 높이 ② 용도 ③ 설계자 ④ 수용 인원 ⑤ 공사 기간


www.ebsi .co.kr

11

6049-0161

Travel Video Contest에 관한 다음 내용을 듣고, 일치하지 않는 것을 고르시오.

14

6049-0164

대화를 듣고, 남자의 마지막 말에 대한 여자의 응답으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. | 3점 |

Woman:

① 올해로 열 번째 개최된다. ② 18세가 넘는 사람은 누구나 참가할 수 있다. ③ 비디오 길이에는 제한이 없다. ④ 상위 3명의 수상자에게는 상금이 지급된다. ⑤ 수상자는 이메일과 전화로 통지된다.

① No problem. I’m just really glad to help you. ② Good idea. I will get some leaves right away. ③ Don’t worry. I can lend you any book you want. ④ Right. This bookshelf takes up too much space. ⑤ ‌No . Do not spend too much time in direct

sunlight.

12

6049-0162

다음 표를 보면서 대화를 듣고, 남자가 주문할 모델을 고르시오.

Desk Lamps on Sale Model

① ② ③ ④ ⑤

A B C

D E

LED Bulbs ◯ × ◯ ◯ ◯

Warranty

1 year

2 years 2 years 3 years 3 years

Touch Switch × ◯ ◯ × ◯

Price

$18 $20 $25 $35 $50

15 13

6049-0165

다음 상황 설명을 듣고, Brian이 그의 할머니에게 할 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. | 3점 | 6049-0163

대화를 듣고, 여자의 마지막 말에 대한 남자의 응답으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

Man: ① No problem. Let me help you fix the meal. ② Well, I should have taken better care of myself. ③ ‌Okay. I’ll go and see a doctor tomorrow morning. ④ ‌I agree. It’s costly to go to the hospital in the

city. ⑤ ‌They might be, but they will understand your situation.

Brian: ① ‌Wait! I know someone who can help you with

moving. ② ‌Don’t worry. I’ll let you know where the center is. ③ ‌How about donating the piano to the senior center? ‌ ④ You should be careful when you carry heavy objects. ⑤ ‌When did my father start learning how to play the piano? 실전 모의고사 2회

109


실전 모의고사 2회

정답과 해설 81쪽

18

[16~17] 다음을 듣고, 물음에 답하시오.

6049-0168

다음 글의 목적으로 가장 적절한 것은?

16

6049-0166

여자가 하는 말의 목적으로 가장 적절한 것은?

① to teach ways of stylish gift-wrapping ② to advise on gifts to avoid in other cultures ③ to introduce dining etiquette of other countries ‌ explain why foreign language learning is ④ to

popular ⑤ t‌ o s h o w t h e e ff e c t s o f g i f t s o n h u m a n relationships

Now that it is winter and the temperatures are falling rapidly, it is vital that you remember to keep your heaters on at all times. If you are planning to go out of town or will not be home, please contact the maintenance office at 309-983-1330 and keep us informed about your plans. While you are gone, you will need to make sure that your heater is on and set to at least 70 degrees, close every window and door in your home, and turn your faucets on to a low drip. Doing so will prevent the pipes from freezing and ensure that they will not leak or break. Please contact the office if you have any questions or concerns. We hope everyone is enjoying the holiday season! ✽faucet

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언급된 물건이 아닌 것은?

① flowers ② a handkerchief ③ umbrellas ④ a watch ⑤ knives

이제 듣기 문제가 끝났습니다. 18번부터는 문제지의 지시에 따라 답을 하시기 바랍니다.

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① 수돗물 절약 방법을 소개하려고 ② 올바른 난방기 사용법을 알리려고 ③ 난방비 절약에 동참할 것을 촉구하려고 ④ 겨울철 외출 시 동파 방지 방법을 안내하려고 ⑤ 도난에 대비하여 철저한 문단속을 당부하려고

수도꼭지


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다음 글에서 필자가 주장하는 바로 가장 적절한 것은?

다음 글에 드러난 Sarah의 심경으로 가장 적절한 것은?

When a parent sees two children in the midst of battle, the first instinct is to scream at the one who is yours. Unless blood is being shed or the fight is getting particularly severe or one of the children is older and is obviously winning hands down, let the children solve their own problems. Toddlers aren’t necessarily polite to one another. They don’t get insulted (not for very long, anyway), and they can settle their differences within a matter of minutes and sometimes seconds. Children’s disagreements may be more disagreeable to their parents than to the children themselves, but try to suffer in silence rather than interfere. A parent is not impartial and therefore cannot be an effective referee; children may fight even harder if parents are involved, to save face in front of adults.

Sarah continued crawling through the tunnel, which got smaller. She could hear water flowing through the pipes. The tunnel climbed up, then down, then up again. It was too difficult to move on her hands and knees. The tunnel was much darker without the flashlight, and she had never longed to stand up so badly. It seemed impossible to determine where exactly she was. The floor became damp, which was a little alarming. If this was a storm drain and it began to rain.... She didn’t want to think about it. She was crawling along when suddenly she felt nothing under her hands and she began to fall forward. She screamed. At the last possible second, she managed to catch hold of a stone that was sticking out and push herself back up. She sat back on her heels, breathing for a second, her pulse racing and her mouth dry.

① 부모는 아이들에게 화해와 용서의 중요성을 교육해야 한다. ② 부모는 아이들이 다툴 때 따로 불러 조용히 타일러야 한다. ③ ‌부모는 아이들에게 어려서부터 대화의 중요성을 가르쳐야 한다.

④ ‌부모는 아이들이 다툼을 스스로 해결하도록 간섭하지 말 아야 한다.

⑤ ‌부모는 아이들이 상대방의 다른 점을 이해하도록 훈련시 켜야 한다.

✽storm

drain 빗물 배수관

① furious and insulted ② grateful and delighted ③ frightened and anxious ④ determined and ambitious ⑤ embarrassed and ashamed

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정답과 해설 83쪽

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다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은?

다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은?

Because of the way we treat information, not only do we occasionally accept inaccurate information, we actually need it. Making mistakes can be an important part of news reporting. While news media should aim to produce truthful information, it is as important that they get the information out quickly. Accurate information too late is of little value in news terms. For example, a journalist covering a train crash is told by the police chief that there are 60 people dead, but the ambulance chief says 58, while the hospital says the number is 59. What should the journalist report? That a number of people were killed, or should he or she choose one of the numbers and try to confirm which is right later on? Of course it might be weeks before the final death toll was determined. Most consumers, I suspect, would prefer to know the approximate number rather than wonder what range ‘a number of deaths’ came into.

You are clinging, always clinging. Think about this seriously—how you are continually holding on to memories of the past. You have a great meal at a restaurant, instantly put it on your list of favorites, and go back to it. You like a book by an author and get her other books. You try a particular strategy at work and it is successful, so you repeat it over and over. Think about how you use memory all the time. You experience something as good or bad by comparing it with some event you have stored in your memory, something you cling to. There is no question that this method simplifies life— perhaps this is the reason you do it. But when too much of your life is run by memory and you don’t even know it, you lose the ability to experience life spontaneously. That’s why the thrill of the rainbow or the green valley is so rare in your life.

① 기자는 비판적 사고를 갖는 것이 필수적이다. ② 뉴스는 안전 관련 소식을 최우선으로 보도해야 한다. ③ 뉴스 보도 시 기자는 개인적 견해를 배제해야 한다. ④ 언론은 진실 규명을 위해 최선을 다할 의무가 있다. ⑤ 뉴스 보도는 정확성보다 신속성이 중요한 경우도 있다.

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✽spontaneously

자연스럽게

① the secret to living a simple life ② the importance of having a routine ③ the efficient way to improve your memory ④ the problem of comparing yourself to others ⑤ the disadvantage of holding on to past memories


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다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?

In contrast to those who wish to lose weight, some—almost always men—want to gain weight. Although not unhealthy, they perceive themselves to be less attractive and masculine and desire to gain several pounds of muscle. Interestingly, men who want to gain weight imagine that women prefer men who are much more muscular than these men perceive themselves to be. However, women generally prefer men with ordinary body sizes without added muscle. Also, there are biological limits to how muscular one can become. One can try to maximize one’s potential for muscularity, however, by engaging in strength training and consuming healthy foods to support that activity. Special diets of “superfoods” and supplements in and of themselves will not produce increased muscularity, advertising claims notwithstanding. And drugs that are claimed to bring about weight (muscle) gain are either worthless or dangerous. ① Tips on How to Gain Muscle Fast ② How to Stay Fit: Regular Workout ③ Myths About Building Bigger Muscle ④ Is There a Right Age to Build Muscle? ⑤ Why Bodybuilding Supplements Are Dangerous

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2016 Edible Book Festival에 관한 다음 안내문의 내용과 일치하는 것은?

2016 Edible Book Festival Please join us for the 2nd Annual Edible Book Festival! Create an “edible book” inspired by a book, but made out of edible ingredients! The edible books are displayed (along with the book that inspired the entry), photographed, judged, and then EATEN by the participants. Details When: ‌Saturday, June 18, 2016 10:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. Where: Lake Forest Park Age Groups Grades Kindergarten- 6 / Grades 7-12 / Adults •G rades Kindergarten - 6 & 7 -12 will be judged for “best edible book artist.” Adult Categories 1. ‌Most Appetizing Award 2. Best Visual Presentation Award 3. Special Judges’ Award 4. People’s Choice Award Register Register your entry (including name, age group, and edible book entry title) online at www. shorelinearts.net by June 15. Or get to the event by 9:00 a.m. to check i­n and display your Edible Book! ✽grades

kindergarten - 6 유치원부터 6학년까지

① 2년마다 한 번씩 열린다. ② 출품작은 심사 후에 심사위원들이 시식을 한다. ③ 2016년 6월 18일에 10시간 동안 진행된다. ④ 성인의 심사 부문에는 특별 심사위원상이 있다. ⑤ 당일 행사 장소에서는 참가 등록을 할 수 없다.

실전 모의고사 2회

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YMCA Lifeguard Training에 관한 다음 안내문의 내용과 일 치하지 않는 것은?

YMCA Lifeguard Training This course will train you in Lifeguarding, First Aid, and CPR/AED so that you may be qualified for a fun and rewarding job as a lifeguard! Ages: Students must be fifteen and over by the first day of the class. When: August 17 - September 7 •Mondays, from 6:00 p.m. - 9:00 p.m. •Sundays, from 11:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. Contact: ‌E mail: jclute@clevelandymca.org Phone: 440-258-7543 Cost: Members: $250 / Non­members: $300 ( This includes your Lifeguard Manual, all supplies, and a pocket CPR mask.) Register: Online at www.clevelandymca.org, by phone at 440-258-7543, or in person at the front desk. Please register at least 3 days in advance. The number of participants is limited, so please register early! ① 수업 첫날까지 15세 이상이 되어야 한다. ② 월요일 수업 시간은 오후 6시부터 9시까지이다. ③ 비회원의 수강료는 300달러이다. ④ 온라인으로만 등록을 할 수 있다. ⑤ 참가자 수에 제한이 있다.

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정답과 해설 85쪽

6049-0176

다음 도표의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

New U.S. Electric Generating Capacity Additions, 2012–2014

The above graph shows the sources of new additions to the U.S.’s capacity for generating electricity from 2012 to 2014. Due to federal tax incentives and environmental standards, additions to the capacity were centered on renewable and low-carbon sources. ① Wind, which held the biggest share of the new electric generating capacity in 2012, showed a dramatic decrease to 7% in 2013, but bounced back to 23% in 2014. ② Natural gas made up the biggest portion of the new generating capacity in both 2013 and 2014. ③ No coal power was added to the generating capacity in 2014. ④ Solar and natural gas showed a steady percentage point increase during the given period. ⑤ In 2014, solar accounted for 32% of new generating capacity, second only to natural gas.


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hornbill에 관한 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중, 어법상 틀린 것은? | 3점 |

With long eyelashes, dark eyes, and an almost comically large, curved bill, hornbills have many admirers. These birds range from the size of a pigeon to large birds with a 6-foot (1.8 meters) wingspan. Found in Africa and Southeast Asia, hornbills live in forests, rainforests, or savannas, depending on the species. You can easily pick out a hornbill from other birds by a special body part on top of their bill called a casque. Hornbills have a long tail, broad wings, and white and black, brown, or gray feathers. This contrasts with the brightly colored neck, face, bill, and casque in many species. Females and males often have different colored faces and eyes. Bill care is important, and the birds rub their bills frequently across a branch or bark to keep them clean.

External events, trends, and issues can have an important impact on our approach to influencing someone. Most of us would acknowledge ① that we have little or no influence in areas such as the global economy, a competitor’s business strategy, or decisions made by leaders of countries we don’t live in. Yet these and other decisions and events can have an impact on our lives and on ② what we influence people. For example, ③ knowing that a certain industry is having difficulty filling orders because of shortages of a raw material from a country that is at war may affect our approach to negotiating a business deal. We may not have any impact on the route a hurricane will take, but we can use information we have heard about ④ it to influence a relative’s travel plans. Trends, events, and other factors over which we have no control provide the context ⑤ within which we exercise our influence.

✽casque

투구 모양의 두부 돌기

① 크고 구부러진 부리를 가지고 있다. ② 아프리카와 동남아시아에서 발견된다. ③ 부리 위에 있는 부분으로 다른 새와 쉽게 구별된다. ④ 대개는 암컷과 수컷 간에 색의 차이가 없다. ⑤ 나뭇가지나 나무껍질에 부리를 자주 문지른다.

실전 모의고사 2회

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(A), (B), (C)의 각 네모 안에서 문맥에 맞는 낱말로 가장 적절한 것은?

Before you begin teaching guitar lessons, you need to (A) assess / register yourself as a musician. What do you have to offer as a teacher? What are your strong points? What are your weaknesses? How can you minimize your weak points as a teacher and still be effective? Many musicians sell themselves short in this area. Remember that the majority of students you teach will be beginners or intermediate players. Many wouldbe teachers (B) qualify / disqualify themselves because they feel they need to be master players to accommodate beginner students. This is almost never the case. What is much more important is the ability to convey and communicate what you know to another person. You likely won’t start off with many advanced-level students. I find it much more (C) fulfilling / unpredictable to take beginner or intermediate students and turn them into advanced students. (A)

① assess ② assess ③ assess ④ register ⑤ register

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…… …… …… …… ……

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(B) qualify disqualify disqualify qualify disqualify

…… …… …… …… ……

(C) fulfilling unpredictable fulfilling unpredictable fulfilling

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6049-0180

밑줄 친 him[he]이 가리키는 대상이 나머지 넷과 다른 것은?

When Fil was 16, he announced to his family that he wanted to be a pearl diver in the Indian Ocean. His father and grandfather were against it. His mother took his side. She was the only one who encouraged ① him to find a new life in a new land. She told them Fil was not meant to stay in Spain and always struggle. She knew he would leave and find his fortune. The others were afraid for ② him, but they also admired his determination. His father cried when his son left. At first ③ he tried to talk him out of going so far away where he knew no one, but Fil was determined and told his father not to worry, as he was now a man. His father knew once ④ he had made up his mind, Fil would not give in. He had been that way even as a toddler and only his mother would ⑤ he give in to.


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[31~33] 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

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In modern economies, the distinction between goods and services itself is actually being obscured. One aspect of this shift to a service economy is what has been called the ‘servitization’ of products. The notion is that, in a modern economy, products cannot exist on their own and some degree of service is needed to make those products useful. Consider the automobile, which is of course a real good. It is only useful, however, over an extended period of time if the owner submits it to continual checkups, fills it with gas and oil, and pays for insurance, registration, and taxes so that he can operate it on community roads. The car is a real good, but it is not necessarily useful unless one also . | 3점 | ① contributes to local economic growth ② records its own history in one’s own way ③ facilitates the development of new goods ④ conceives other economic possibilities in it ⑤ includes the many services that accompany it

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One good way to ensure the development of a broad range of ideas is for senior managers to engage actively with both junior management and front-line personnel. When a company’s CEO takes the time to attend lower-level strategy sessions, and solicit and take note of the ideas of junior employees, it conveys the message that upper management acknowledges that the best ideas can come from the most unexpected places. In meetings, a CEO of one global coffee company is known for asking the most junior person—typically a young assistant wary about taking a seat at the conference table—what he or she thinks the best approach would be. He then asks that person to explain why, giving the young assistant the same focused attention he gives to everyone else in the room. This kind of leadership gesture conveys a powerful message to every level of an organization that . | 3점 | ✽solicit

구하다, 얻으려고 하다

✽✽wary

조심하는

① everyone’s opinion matters ② leadership must be respected ③ following the firm’s policy is crucial ④ good opinions come from experience ⑤ the young and talented should be employed

실전 모의고사 2회

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Many people worry about microwave radiation from cell phones. Unlike X-rays, which are high-energy photons, microwaves are photons with extremely low energy. They deposit their energy in the form of heat; that’s what they do in microwave ovens. They do not break DNA molecules in the body (unless they actually burn and char the material), and therefore they pose no risk of causing cancer in the way that X-rays and other energetic radiation (even sunlight) can. The main danger is the heat. Much of the fear of microwaves undoubtedly comes from the fact that they share the name radiation with the other, far more dangerous forms, such as gamma radiation. The fear that some people have shown toward such cell phone radiation finds its origin . | 3점 | ✽photon

광자(빛을 입자로 보았을 때의 이름)

① not in physics, but in linguistics ② in people’s natural hatred of heat ③ in history, not merely in a social event ④ in the introduction of the microwave oven ⑤ not only in the result but also in the process

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정답과 해설 88쪽

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다음 글의 빈칸 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

Marian Dawkins at Oxford University has pioneered a number of studies that explore what animals prefer and how much they want it. To do this she has designed experiments where animals must work for access to different choices. Measurements of how hard the animal will work begin to tell us how valuable that resource is to the animal. This provides a way of measuring (A) the animal’s strength of preference. , animals can be trained to push against a door to open it to get access to one type of resource or another. By putting heavier and heavier weights onto the doors you can find out how hard the animal is prepared to work to reach its (B) choice. , you can make the animal do something it prefers not to. Chickens do not like to squeeze through narrow spaces, but they will if this gives them access to something they really desire such as a place where they can dust-bathe. ✽dust-bathe

(A) ① However ② However ③ In addition ④ For example ⑤ For example

…… …… …… …… ……

(B) That is Similarly Therefore Similarly That is

모래 목욕을 하다


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주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은?

Every state in America has laws that protect animals from harm, and those laws primarily protect companion animals. (A) ‌I have never understood the meaning behind that statement and often shoot back, “and you are just a human, so what’s the point?” The blank stares I receive equally match my blank stare toward their statement. (B) ‌But sometimes it is simply a lack of care, or understanding, about animals and why we have laws to protect them. Too often we hear, “it’s just an animal,” in response to learning that an animal has been harmed by a human.

(C) ‌But many of these laws are weak, poorly written, and enforced occasionally, if at all. Much of this lack of enforcement is due to overworked professionals attempting to prioritize their cases. ① (A)-(C)-(B) ③ (B)-(C)-(A) ⑤ (C)-(B)-(A)

[36~37] 글의 흐름으로 보아, 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가 장 적절한 곳을 고르시오.

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A child who argues for more flexibility may have no intention of challenging anyone’s authority. Some adults respond to children’s challenging the rules as though it were an attack on themselves. ( ① ) Authoritarian parents and teachers expect to be obeyed without question. ( ② ) Arguments are an insult to their authority. ( ③ ) He or she just wants more freedom. ( ④ ) But if adults insist that respecting their authority means obeying without

question, then children are forced to disrespect them in order to challenge the rules. ( ⑤ ) Thus,

whether children’s speaking up for themselves is seen as an appropriate form of self-expression or an attack depends on how adults interpret it. ✽authoritarian

권위주의적인

② (B)-(A)-(C) ④ (C)-(A)-(B)

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In a Mexican highland village weak but hot coffee is drunk once a day, an hour or so after awakening. Ethnic groups in the United States differ in the motivational base for consuming coffee; for example, in the Philadelphia area, sensory (tastesmell) motivations are particularly important among Jews, whereas social factors seem more important among Italian Americans. ( ① ) Crossculturally, there are differences in both specific motivations and the complexity of the motivation. ( ② ) The motivation for doing so is rather simple and uniform: to warm up in the morning. ( ③ ) The point of this is that we must understand the motivational structure of consumption before attempting further analyses and general explanations. ( ④ ) In terms of motivational

structure, coffee is more complex than many other foods. ( ⑤ ) The motivation for consuming rice, fish, or chili pepper is less changeable, both among individuals within a culture and across cultures. | 3점 | ✽chili

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pepper 고추

정답과 해설 90쪽

[38~39] 다음 글에서 전체 흐름과 관계 없는 문장을 고르시오.

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Mystery shopping is a form of non-customer research that measures individual employee service behavior. As the name indicates, mystery shoppers are generally trained personnel who pose as customers and who shop unannounced at the business. ① The idea is to evaluate an individual employee during an actual service encounter. ② Mystery shoppers evaluate employees on a number of characteristics, such as the time it takes for the employee to acknowledge the customer, eye contact, appearance, and other specific customer service factors. ③ Results obtained from mystery shoppers are used as constructive employee feedback. ④ Many employees feel they have to continue to show their superiority in task completion to justify their capabilities and past experiences. ⑤ Consequently, mystery shopping aids the business in coaching, training, evaluating, and formally recognizing its employees.


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Performing from memory is often seen to have the effect of enhancing musicality and musical communication. ① It is commonly argued that the very act of memorizing can guarantee a more thorough knowledge of and intimate connection with the music. ② In addition, memorization can enable use of direct eye contact with an audience that is more convincing than reference to the score. ③ Those who “possess” the music in this way often convey the impression that they are spontaneously and sincerely communicating from the heart, and indeed, contemporary evidence suggests that musicians who achieve this are likely to find their audiences more responsive. ④ When coordinating the sound for musicals, the producers should consider the structure of the stage and the location of the audience in the theater to guarantee the best performance. ⑤ Moreover, when performers receive and react to visual feedback from the audience, a performance can become truly interactive, involving genuine communication between all involved. | 3점 | ✽spontaneously

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다음 글의 내용을 한 문장으로 요약하고자 한다. 빈칸 (A)와 (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

Peter Gollwitzer and colleague Veronika Brandstatter found that action triggers are quite effective in motivating action. In one study, they tracked college students who had the option to earn extra credit in a class by writing a paper about how they spent Christmas Eve. But there was a catch: To earn the credit, they had to submit the paper by December 26. Most students had good intentions of writing the paper, but only 33 percent of them got around to writing and submitting it. Other students in the study were required to set action triggers— to note, in advance, exactly when and where they intended to write the report (for example, “I’ll write this report in my dad’s office on Christmas morning before everyone gets up”). A whopping 75 percent of those students wrote the report. That’s a pretty astonishing result for such a small mental investment.  According to Gollwitzer and Brandstatter’s (A) may trigger study, setting up (B) outcomes. actions and lead to

자연스럽게

(A) ① creative strategies ② detailed plans ③ creative strategies ④ demanding schedules ⑤ detailed plans

…… …… …… …… ……

(B) unexpected improved ultimate practical disappointing

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실전 모의고사 2회

[41~42] 다음 글을 읽고, 물음에 답하시오.

It is true that we live in a world that is very different, in many ways, from the world in which our ancestors lived. We no longer face the constant threat of being eaten by predators, for example, and the chance of being attacked by other humans is surely much reduced. If the emotion of fear evolved to help us avoid these dangers, then it might seem that we would be better off without it today. Certainly, an excessive capacity for fear leads to all sorts of problems that many people would really love to be free of, such as phobias and panic attacks. One does not hear of many people who suffer from the opposite problem—that of having too little fear. The reason for this apparent imbalance, however, may well be that those with no capacity for fear end up in the morgue long before they are aware they have a problem. Fear does not merely protect us against predators. It also prevents us from a whole host of reckless behaviours, many of which are potentially fatal. Fear will stop you from crossing a busy road without looking or from dancing on the edge of a cliff. A life without fear might be less painful, but it would also be a lot .

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EBS 수능완성 영어

✽morgue

영안실

정답과 해설 92쪽

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윗글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?

① Negative Effects of Excessive Fear ② Fear as a Safeguard Against Dangers ③ How to Conquer Your Excessive Fear ④ Lack of Fear: An Evolutionary Advantage ⑤ Diminishing Utility of the Emotion of Fear

42 윗글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? | 3점 |

① safer ② duller ③ easier ④ shorter ⑤ simpler

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[43~45] 다음 글을 읽고, 물음에 답하시오.

(A) A long time ago, in Egypt, there lived a famous mystical person named Zun-Nun. A young man came to visit him and asked, “Teacher, I do not understand why people like you dress in such a way. Isn’t it necessary to dress smartly these days?” The mystic only smiled, took his ring from one of (a) his fingers, and said, “Young friend, I will answer your question, but first do one thing for me. Take this ring and go to the market across this street. Can you sell this for one chip of gold?” ✽mystic

trader at the back of this street. Show this to the owner. Don’t give your price. Just listen how much he will pay for this ring.” The young man went to the shop Zun-Nun had mentioned and returned with a different expression on (e) his face.

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주어진 글 (A)에 이어질 내용을 순서에 맞게 배열한 것으로 가장 적절한 것은?

① (B)-(D)-(C) ③ (C)-(D)-(B) ⑤ (D)-(C)-(B)

② (C)-(B)-(D) ④ (D)-(B)-(C)

신비주의자

(B) (b) He then reported, “Teacher, the traders in the market really do not know the value of this ring. The diamond trader offered one thousand gold chips for this ring, and the value of this ring is more than a thousand times what the traders in the market offered.” Zun-Nun just smiled subtly and said softly, “That was the answer to your question, my friend. A person cannot be judged only by his dress. The traders in the market give value like that. But not the diamond expert.” (C) Having looked at Zun-Nun’s dirty ring, the young man became doubtful. “One chip of gold? (c) I am not sure this ring could be sold at that price.” “Try first, young man. Who knows? You can do it.” The young man went to the market. (d) He offered the ring to the textile, vegetable, meat, fish traders, and the others. (D) The fact was that nobody was willing to pay a chip of gold for the ring. He went back to Zun-Nun and reported, “Teacher, nobody was brave enough to offer more than one chip of silver.” With a wise smile Zun-Nun said, “Now go to the diamond

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밑줄 친 (a)~(e) 중에서 가리키는 대상이 나머지 넷과 다른  것은?

① (a)

② (b)

③ (c)

45

④ (d)

⑤ (e)

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윗글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

① ‌젊은이는 Zun-Nun의 옷 입는 방식을 이해하지 못했다. ② ‌Zun-Nun은 젊은이에게 자신의 반지를 금화 한 닢에 팔 수 있겠느냐고 물었다.

③ ‌다이아몬드 상인은 Zun-Nun의 반지에 금화 천 닢을 내 겠다고 제안했다.

④ ‌젊은이는 Zun-Nun의 반지가 금화 한 닢에 팔릴 것이라 고 확신했다.

⑤ ‌젊은이는 Zun-Nun이 말한 상점에 갔다가 표정이 바뀌 어서 되돌아왔다.

실전 모의고사 2회

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실전 모의고사 3회

제한시간

70 분

100 점

정답과 해설 94쪽

문항에 따라 배점이 다릅니다. 3점 문항에는 점수가 표시되어

03

있습니다. 점수 표시가 없는 문항은 모두 2점입니다.

| 배점

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다음을 듣고, 여자가 하는 말의 목적으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. 1번부터 17번까지는 듣고 답하는 문제입니다. 1번부터 15번 까지는 한 번만 들려주고, 16번부터 17번까지는 두 번 들려줍니 다. 방송을 잘 듣고 답을 하시기 바랍니다.

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① 체육 지도 강사를 모집하려고 ② 체육관 보수 일정 변경을 알리려고 ③ 새로 건립한 체육관 이용을 권장하려고 ④ 학교 체육 시설의 이용 절차를 설명하려고 ⑤ 체육관 개방의 일시적인 중단을 공지하려고

대화를 듣고, 남자의 마지막 말에 대한 여자의 응답으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. ‌ , I worked at a youth camp. ① Yes ② I think the camp is well organized. ③ No. I spent two weeks at the camp. ④ I’ll ask the other members and let you know.

⑤ Okay. Let’s go and find another camping ground.

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대화를 듣고, 두 사람이 하는 말의 주제로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

① 올바른 칫솔 소독 방법 ② 칫솔을 고를 때 주의할 점 ③ 규칙적인 양치질의 필요성 ④ 잇몸 질환이 치아에 미치는 영향 ⑤ 치아 건강을 위한 칫솔 교체 시기

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대화를 듣고, 여자의 마지막 말에 대한 남자의 응답으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

① It’s okay. You’ll do better next time. ② I hope you like the helmet and the suit. ③ That’s true. But I thought it was tomorrow. ④ It’ll be fine as long as you follow the safety rules. ‌ ⑤ Thank you . I feel better because of your

encouragement.

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대화를 듣고, 두 사람이 대화하고 있는 장소로 가장 적절한 곳을 고르시오.

① 애완견 호텔 ② 신약 연구소 ③ 경찰서 민원실 ④ 유기견 보호소 ⑤ 아동 입양 센터


www.ebsi .co.kr

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대화를 듣고, 그림에서 대화의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것을 고르시오.

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대화를 듣고, 여자가 모임에 늦는 이유를 고르시오.

① 친구를 병문안해야 해서 ② 빈혈로 바닥에 쓰러져서 ③ 만나기로 한 장소를 찾지 못해서 ④ 어머니를 병원에 모시고 가야 해서 ⑤ 친구 어머니가 올 때까지 친구를 돌봐야 해서

② ①

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대화를 듣고, 여자가 지불할 금액을 고르시오. | 3점 |

① $20 ② $27 ③ $30 ④ $33 ⑤ $40

07

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대화를 듣고, 남자가 할 일로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

대화를 듣고, 어린이 도서관에 관해 두 사람이 언급하지 않은 것을 고르시오.

① 댄스 동아리 가입하기 ② 춤 동작 가르쳐 주기 ③ 기부금 상자 만들기 ④ 독거노인 초대하기 ⑤ 마술 공연하기

① 위치 ② 개관 시기 ③ 건물 규모 ④ 휴관일 ⑤ 회원 혜택

실전 모의고사 3회

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실전 모의고사 3회

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Student Design Contest에 관한 다음 내용을 듣고, 일치하지 않는 것을 고르시오.

6049-0209

대화를 듣고, 여자의 마지막 말에 대한 남자의 응답으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. | 3점 |

Man:

① 교내의 모든 학생들이 참가할 수 있다. ② 참가자의 등록 마감일은 12월 9일이다. ③ 한 팀의 구성 인원은 5명까지 가능하다. ④ 기획물의 전시와 함께 짧은 발표를 해야 한다. ⑤ 평가에는 팀워크가 고려된다.

12

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정답과 해설 98쪽

① Okay. In that case, we can skip the market. ② Not at all. It’d also be fun to go to the market. ③ Don’t worry. We’ll arrive at the museum soon. ④ Sorry. I don’t know how to get to the museum. ⑤ Perfect! I knew you’d want to go to the museum.

6049-0207

다음 표를 보면서 대화를 듣고, 두 사람이 선택한 어린이용 그네 세트를 고르시오.

Children’s Swing Sets

① ② ③ ④ ⑤

Price

Material

Slide

$199

Number of Swings

Wood

1

×

Wood

2

×

Wood

2

Plastic

1

×

Plastic

3

$279 $299 $139 $319

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대화를 듣고, 남자의 마지막 말에 대한 여자의 응답으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

다음 상황 설명을 듣고, Ms. Wilson이 Mr. Jackson에게 할 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. | 3점 |

Woman:

Ms. Wilson:

① How about majoring in drama in college? ② It was careless of you to forget your lines. ③ You shouldn’t be late for the rehearsal again. ④ That’s because you didn’t practice hard enough. ⑤ Try to imagine yourself doing well on the stage.

① Do you mind if I play the violin here? ② Let me teach you how to play the violin. ③ Would you mind being a part of the concert? ④ How about inviting students to your concert? ⑤ Thank you for helping prepare for the concert.

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18

[16~17] 다음을 듣고, 물음에 답하시오.

6049-0213

다음 글의 목적으로 가장 적절한 것은?

16

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여자가 하는 말의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은?

① the process of designing national flags ② superstitions about color across countries ③ different uses of colors in various cultures ④ symbolic meanings of colors in national flags ‌ ⑤ the relationship between personality and color

preference

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언급된 색이 아닌 것은?

① red ② blue ③ green ④ black ⑤ white

Please be advised there will be road work on the streets of Kahuku. The work includes resurfacing of asphalt concrete pavements and reconstruction of failed asphalt concrete pavement areas. Additional activities include reconstruction of damaged concrete curbs and installation of pavement markers, striping, and markings. Work is scheduled to begin on August 18, 2016 for approximately 145 calendar days. The allowable work hours will be from 8:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, except holidays. Road users are reminded to observe and obey all traffic controls, posted signs, and special duty officers. On-street parking will be prohibited during working hours. Please observe the dates and times on the posted roadway signs; illegally parked vehicles will be towed if necessary at the owner’s expense. Motorists are advised to proceed with caution through the construction area. ✽curb 경계석  ① 도로 공사의 필요성을 홍보하려고 ② 도로 공사 기간 변경을 공지하려고 ③ 도로 공사에 따른 유의사항을 안내하려고 ④ 도로 공사에 대한 주민 의견을 알아보려고 ⑤ 도로 공사의 지연으로 인한 불편에 대해 사과하려고

이제 듣기 문제가 끝났습니다. 18번부터는 문제지의 지시에 따라 답을 하시기 바랍니다.

실전 모의고사 3회

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실전 모의고사 3회

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정답과 해설 102쪽

6049-0215

다음 글에서 필자가 주장하는 바로 가장 적절한 것은?

다음 글의 상황에 나타난 분위기로 가장 적절한 것은?

Many people in the workplace have a personal agenda but no commitment to the mission of the corporation. They want to be a superstar at the office or go after the promotion, but they don’t buy into the team concept and inevitably fail to understand that they were hired to enhance the team and not compete with the team. Ultimately, I’m afraid it all comes down to selfishness, and as harsh as that word sounds, we’d better identify it or we can’t correct it. If you don’t believe in the power of a team, then start a sole proprietorship and work on your dream solely and exclusively. If you don’t believe in the team, don’t join one. Because if you do, you have to give up on some of the “me” of it all for the “we” of it all! ✽sole proprietorship 개인 사업 

On the first night of hunting, Deuce, Patrick, and Jacob were sleeping up in the woods, when suddenly, strangely, the whole woods burst into light. This was at midnight, the eve of Halloween day. Everything was lit up and then something happened, some supernatural force or maybe just a violent windstorm, that blew the entire hut apart with a horrific boom. Patrick trembled as he described the light getting brighter, and then a loud sound, and then the howling wind. They could still see the ghostly glow so they decided to investigate what was all lit up like that, even though they were scared. So they carefully crept towards the light. And that’s when they found the ring of white ash trees. They gasped and shivered as they realized the glow wasn’t coming from any one thing. It was coming from the trees themselves, as if they had been possessed. ✽white ash 미국물푸레(북미 원산) 

① 주변 상황에 매몰되어 꿈을 잃지 않도록 하라. ② 개인 사업을 시작할 때는 목표 설정을 확실히 하라. ③ 팀원들과의 갈등 시 자신의 주장만을 고집하지 말라. ④ 부나 명예보다 자신의 적성을 고려하여 직업을 선택하라. ⑤ 이기주의를 버리고 헌신하지 않으려면 팀에 들어가지 말라.

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① calm and peaceful ② funny and humorous ③ gloomy and hopeless ④ boring and monotonous ⑤ frightening and mysterious


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다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은?

다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은?

Many people believe that they are very good at detecting deception. They may even cite examples where they were correct in spotting a lie when others around them were not so sensitive. The problem with such unproved evidence is that it’s difficult to know when one is wrong in believing a lie. Unless there was independent evidence later that someone was lying, how would you discover your incorrect judgment? By definition, successful lies go undetected and there is no way of keeping track of them. In fact, across scores of experiments, average detection accuracy is only slightly better than chance. Specifically, with 50% as a baseline for chance accuracy, the average detection accuracy is approximately 55%. Furthermore, there is little or no relationship between confidence in judgments and accuracy. ✽deception 속임수 

Individuals may not want to disclose their preferences or opinions in front of others. That hesitancy may be most pronounced if they do not have close relationships with the others. For instance, marketers find that focus group participants sometimes feel reluctant to disclose their tastes, needs, and desires in front of strangers. The lack of interpersonal trust drives a wedge between what people say and their actual behavior. At a forum, such as a town hall meeting, employees may face similar concerns. They may be together with people in other units of the organization, with whom they have not worked closely. The room also may contain managers from multiple levels of the hierarchy, including the direct supervisors of frontline employees. Thus, people may not speak freely when invited to do so by senior leaders. ✽drive a wedge 사이를 틀어지게 하다 

① 근거가 없는 주장은 힘을 발휘하지 못한다. ② 상황을 파악한 다음에 올바른 판단을 내릴 수 있다. ③ 거짓말을 제대로 간파했는지 여부는 확신하기 어렵다. ④ 자신의 생각을 솔직하게 밝히면 관계 형성에 도움이 된다. ⑤ ‌거짓말로 인해 무너진 신뢰감은 회복하는 데 오랜 시간이

① myths and facts about hierarchy ② reasons for losing initiative in negotiations ③ ‌ways to build emotional attachment to managers ④ ‌difficulty of disclosing opinions freely to unfamiliar

걸린다.

people ⑤ ‌importance of distinguishing between facts and opinions

실전 모의고사 3회

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실전 모의고사 3회

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다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?

A sleeping mother has the ability to identify the particular cry of her own baby. This is one of the bonding factors that have been forgotten because of the way in which we live today. Typically, there is now only one newborn baby in any family house or apartment, so there is no way to test this ability. In an ancient tribe, however, living in small huts in a tiny village settlement, a mother would have been able to hear any of the babies crying in the night. If she woke up every time one of them screamed for food she might get no sleep at all. During the course of evolution she became programmed to awake only at the sound of her own particular baby. This sensitivity is still there to this day, even though it is seldom used. ① Why Does a Mother Give In to a Crying Baby? ‌ ② How Can a Mother Tell What Her Baby’s Cry

Means? ‌ ③ The Best Way to Combat New Moms ’ Sleep Troubles ④ ‌Forgotten Mystery of Motherhood: Hearing Her Baby Only ⑤ ‌Tips for Mothers : What to Do When Your Newborn Baby Cries

정답과 해설 104쪽

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6049-0219

Friendly Feast with the Witches에 관한 다음 안내문의 내용과 일치하는 것은?

Friendly Feast with the Witches Museum Palace is the biggest and best children’s muse um in the wor ld. This autumn our museum is preparing a wonderful Saturday breakfast. Enjoy a breakfast “Buffet” with the friendliest of witches! This event includes fantastic Halloween entertainment with LOTS of happy, friendly witches! Saturday, October 22, 2016 Date: 8 AM – 9 AM Time: Adults (aged 18+): $20 Price: ‌Children (aged 6-17): $17 Children (under 6): free Location: ‌Museum Palace Cafeteria *‌Museum members receive $2 discount. Feast price does not include museum admission. Limited Capacity. For further information, please contact our Customer Service Center at 317-334-4000 or email us at feastwitches@museumpalace.com. ① 점심 뷔페가 제공된다. ② 총 2시간 동안 진행된다. ③ 성인 요금이 어린이 요금보다 5달러 비싸다. ④ 박물관 회원은 2달러 가격 할인을 받는다. ⑤ 행사 참여자는 박물관을 무료로 관람할 수 있다.

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6049-0220

Animal Career Discovery Day에 관한 다음 안내문의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

Animal Career Discovery Day Experience our Animal Career Discovery Day. Gain insight from current industry specialists and unlock pathways to a fulfilling career with animals! As the leading animal welfare organisation, we utilise a range of skilled staff to care for animals and campaign for better animal welfare. The day will include hands-on activities and behind-the-scenes tours. Learn insights from industry experts and how you can succeed in an animal care profession. Dates for 2016: Thursday, September 1st Thursday, December 1st 9 a.m. – 3 p.m. Time: RSPCA Burwood East Location: Cost: ‌$59 includes registration, morning tea, take-home food and all activity costs. Bookings are now open for 2016; book now. We can also run this program for individual groups with a minimum of 20 participants.

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다음 도표의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

Customer Service Satisfaction by Channel June 2015

Because of rounding, percentages may not total 100%.

The above graph shows the customer service satisfaction by channel in the U.S. in June, 2015. ① In every channel, the total proportion of those who responded customer service “exceeds expectations” and those who responded customer service “meets expectations” was more than 60%. ② 90 percent of respondents rated customer service via phone as exceeding or meeting expectations. ③ The proportion of those who responded that service via letter exceeded expectations was 11%, which was the least of “exceeds expectations” ratings. ④ The proportion of respondents who rated email as meeting expectations was less than that of respondents who rated mobile app self-service as meeting expectations. ⑤ Text message and mobile app self-service were tied for the third largest percentage of “meets expectations” ratings.

Please email education@rspcaacdd.org.au for further information. ① 현직에 있는 전문가와 함께 하는 진로 프로그램이다. ② 직접 해 보는 활동이 포함되어 있다. ③ 오전 9시에 시작해서 여섯 시간 동안 진행된다. ④ 활동을 위한 모든 비용이 참가비에 포함되어 있다. ⑤ 인원이 20명이 넘으면 개별 단체로 참여할 수 없다.

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실전 모의고사 3회

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정답과 해설 105쪽

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sea anemone에 관한 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

(A), (B), (C)의 각 네모 안에서 어법에 맞는 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은? | 3점 |

Sea anemones look to most of the world like the flowers of the sea. Perhaps this is their disguise. They are predators with tentacles equipped with stinging cells. They use their tentacles to defend themselves and to capture prey, such as small fish and shrimp. Each stinging cell has a sensory hair that, when touched, mechanically triggers the cell explosion, which is a harpoon-like structure that attaches to the flesh of the aggressor or prey and injects a dose of poison. The poison paralyzes the prey and allows the anemone to move it to its mouth for digestion. Found throughout the world’s oceans and at various depths, anemones are related to corals and jellyfish. Anemones attach themselves to the sea bottom with an adhesive foot and tend to stay in the same spot until food runs out or a predator attacks. Then the anemones release themselves and use flexing motions to swim to a new location. ✽tentacle 촉수 ✽✽harpoon 작살 

A cat’s brain weighs up to about 1oz (30g), which is just under 1 percent of its total body weight. (A) That / What is relatively small compared to a human brain (2 percent of body weight) or even that of a dog (1.2 percent). The domestic cat’s brain is also about 25 percent smaller than that of its closest relative, the wildcat. This reduction in size is mainly because the regions of a wildcat’s brain used to map an extensive hunting territory (B) is / are no longer needed in the domestic cat, which gradually came to depend on humans for most of its food. The cerebrum of a cat’s brain has a higher degree of folding in its outer layer (cortex) than that of a dog’s brain. Cortical folding significantly increases the amount of the cerebral cortex, which contains the cell bodies of neurons (also known as “gray matter”), (C) allow / allowing many more cells to be packed into the confined space of the skull. ✽cerebrum 대뇌 ✽✽cortex 피질 

① 촉수로 작은 물고기와 새우 같은 먹이를 포획한다. ② 닿으면 세포 폭발을 촉발하는 감각모가 있다. ③ 독으로 먹잇감을 마비시킨다. ④ 전 세계 바다의 다양한 깊이에서 발견된다. ⑤ 미끄러운 발 때문에 한 곳에 머무르지 못하는 경향이 있다.

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(A) ① That ② That ③ That ④ What ⑤ What

…… …… …… …… ……

(B) is are are are is

…… …… …… …… ……

(C) allow allowing allow allow allowing


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다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중, 문맥상 낱말의 쓰임이 적절하지 않은 것은?

Many people are ① resistant to the notion that numerical data can convey the beauty of the real world. They feel that somehow converting things to numbers strips away the magic. In fact, they could not be more ② wrong. Numbers have the potential to allow us to perceive that beauty, that magic, more clearly and more deeply, and to appreciate it more fully. Admittedly, ambiguity may be ③ added by expressing things in numerical form. For example, if I say that there are four people in the room, you know exactly what I mean, whereas, if I say that someone is attractive you may not be entirely sure what I mean. You may even disagree with my view that someone is attractive; you are ④ unlikely to disagree with my view that there are four people in the room. Numbers are ⑤ universally understood, regardless of nationality, religion, gender, age, or any other human characteristic.

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밑줄 친 부분이 가리키는 대상이 나머지 넷과 다른 것은?

After his master’s death, Sainte-Colombe took over Marais, one of his late master’s students. At the end of six months, he found that his new student was likely to surpass ① him. SainteColombe told him, therefore, that ② he had nothing more to teach him. Marais, who was passionately fond of his viol, was nevertheless anxious to profit by his master’s knowledge, and to perfect himself on his instrument. As he had access at any time to his teacher’s house, ③ he waited till the summer came. In the summer, Sainte-Colombe would study in a little wooden summer-house so as to enjoy absolute quietness and a pleasant atmosphere. As soon as Sainte-Colombe had locked himself in this studio, Marais slipped underneath and benefited by watching how ④ he played certain passages. However, this trick did not succeed very long. Once it was discovered, Sainte-Colombe took care that his student should no longer overhear ⑤ his studies.  ✽surpass 능가하다 ✽✽viol 비올(바이올린과 비슷한 초기 현악기)

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[31~34] 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

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6049-0226

Children often invent novel ways to express desired meanings. In her 1995 article, linguist Clark cited such examples as a 24-monthold saying, “There comes the rat-man” and a 25-month-old saying, “Mommy just fixed this spear-page.” The “rat-man” was a colleague of her father’s who worked with rats in a psychology laboratory; the “spear-page” was a torn picture of a jungle tribe holding spears that her mother had taped together. Clark also cited the example of a 28-month-old saying, “You’re the sworder and I’m the gunner.” As these examples suggest, children’s innovative uses of language are far from random. They reflect rules for forming new words, such as combining words or other components that are meaningful in their own right and that, when put together, have an unambiguous meaning. Such allows children to express meanings that are well beyond what their limited vocabularies would otherwise allow. | 3점 | ✽spear



① creative gesture ② parental support ③ language education ④ precise observation ⑤ linguistic creativity

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정답과 해설 108쪽

6049-0227

The ancients tied their ideas of climate directly to their . The English word ‘climate’ derives from the Greek word klima, which is also the root of ‘inclination’. Klima

means “sloping surface of the earth,” linking climate to latitude, which governs the inclination of the sun’s rays. Ptolemy, a Greek astronomer in the 2nd century CE, based his system of fifteen climatic zones on the lengths of their longest day—a quantity that also served him to express latitude, taking the place of degrees. Then, and in succeeding centuries, many natural histories began with descriptions of local and regional climates. Even today, common language terms such as ‘tropical’, ‘desert’, and ‘temperate’ refer interchangeably to geographic regions and their typical weather patterns. Often these are directly associated with latitude (e.g., “the tropics”). | 3점 | ✽latitude 위도 ✽✽tropical 열대의 

① worship to natural objects ② conceptions of global space ③ weather monitoring experiences ④ understanding of adaptive capacity ⑤ notion of language-culture relationship


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6049-0228

Fun is a term we use a lot. But what is it? Certainly, it’s easy to tell when people are having fun. They show it in their expression of enthusiasm, happiness, and satisfaction. We’ve asked many children why sports are fun for them. Perhaps the most basic reason was given by an 8-year-old-girl, who said, “Fun is when I’m doing something that makes me happy just to be doing it, like playing tennis.” In other words, much of the fun in sports comes just from performing the activities themselves. One child played on a soccer team that almost never won matches. Yet the youngster could hardly wait for the coming season. Why? Because he had fun. He simply enjoyed playing soccer. Being with others, meeting challenges, feeling the drama of uncertain outcomes, becoming more skilled, all of these add to the fun of . | 3점 | ① doing for doing’s sake ② building a better world ③ pursuing a collective goal ④ making things for family and friends ⑤ being prepared to go into competition

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If a producer of chemical dyes is stopped from polluting a river, the costs of producing his dyes might increase. He might then have to charge higher prices, and the prices of dyed products might also rise. Even so, . If the dye producer’s pollution imposes cleanup costs of $20 million each year on downstream cities but the cost to the dye producer of using alternative ways to dispose of his waste is only $2 million per year, there will be an $18 million yearly gain overall if the dye producer is prohibited from polluting the river. The dye producer will no doubt complain that environmental regulation is expensive because it costs him $2 million a year, but this accounting neglects the $20 million benefit the regulation can bring to others. | 3점 | ① regulations might be too expensive ② the overall economy might well benefit ③ the process imposes no burden on companies ④ companies can cause significant harm to others ⑤ economy has no responsibility to the environment

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[35~36] 다음 글에서 전체 흐름과 관계 없는 문장을 고르시오.

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How you prepare your food can have as profound an effect on your state of balance as what you eat. ① Instinctively we desire warming soups and casseroles in the winter and cooling, raw salads and fruits in the summer. ② Foods that require longer cooking over higher temperatures help us keep warm and maintain balance in cold weather. ③ The reverse is also true—raw fruits and vegetables cleanse away excess fat and keep us cool and refreshed when it’s warm. ④ For example in India, even a 1˚C rise in mean temperature will result in the loss of about 7 million tons of wheat. ⑤ If you are someone who tends to feel too hot or too cold, consider what you eat and your environment for insight into how you might start to achieve greater balance. ✽casserole 캐서롤(찜냄비 요리) 

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정답과 해설 110쪽

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While researching animal behavior for her book Mongoose Watch, British ethologist Anne

Rasa was surprised to discover that when a dwarf mongoose became ill with chronic kidney disease, he was treated differently by his peers. ① The other mongooses permitted the ill animal to eat much earlier than he normally would have, considering his rank in the mongoose social order. ② To Rasa’s astonishment, the sick mongoose was even allowed to have a bite of the same piece of food that the dominant male was eating—something that would never occur normally. ③ Mongooses are small, quick mammals that are known for killing cobras and other poisonous snakes. ④ When the ill mongoose lost his ability to climb, the entire group of mongooses gave up their decided preference for sleeping on elevated objects such as boxes. ⑤ Instead, they all chose to sleep on the floor with their sick friend. ✽ethologist 동물 행동학자 ✽✽kidney 신장 


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[37~38] 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

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Dealmakers should resist the temptation to rush through prenegotiation and to start talking about the deal as soon as possible. (A) ‌This initial phase of information exchange is vital if the parties are to know one another well. Knowing each other side well is an important part of any foundation for a good relationship. (B) ‌Instead, they should use the prenegotiation

period of deal making to learn as much about the background, interests, and organizational culture of the other side as possible and to inform the other side of their own background, interests, and organization.

(C) ‌In order to secure such a foundation, the parties may even want to hire consultants or knowledgeable third parties to facilitate the process of getting to know one another thoroughly—especially for deals that will require substantial investments and close working relationships. ① (A)-(C)-(B) ③ (B)-(C)-(A) ⑤ (C)-(B)-(A)

② (B)-(A)-(C) ④ (C)-(A)-(B)

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People have always desired efficient and fast waste removal methods even if they had not yet mastered the technology to provide this benefit. Without a functioning waste removal system, societies confronted the dangers of infectious materials entering their communities. (A) ‌While infectious materials were thus transported elsewhere, those wastes that did not pose an immediate threat to people’s health were disposed of by the most convenient method at hand. Today, dangerous and non-dangerous waste transport has become more sophisticated and efficient. (B) ‌Yet the basic concept remains the same as it was centuries ago: Remove the materials as quickly as possible from people to lessen potential health dangers. (C) ‌These dangerous materials came from animals, other people, and physicians’ treatment of the sick and dying. Transporting infectious wastes away from a healthy population helped stop the spread of disease. | 3점 | ① (A)-(C)-(B) ③ (B)-(C)-(A) ⑤ (C)-(B)-(A)

② (B)-(A)-(C) ④ (C)-(A)-(B)

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글의 흐름으로 보아, 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳은?

He has to come to terms with this, but when he does so, he does not lose his own sense of selfworth. A first-born who has a younger brother or sister gains a double advantage over other babies. For the first year or two of his life he enjoys the full attention of his new parents and is treated royally as an only child. ( ① ) He learns how much he is loved without any interruptions or interference. ( ② ) His self-respect blossoms, and he rates himself as being “worthy of love.” ( ③ ) But then, before he has the chance to become self-important, along comes baby number two and suddenly he finds that almost all of the parental attention is now focused on this tiny new arrival. ( ④ ) This means that he has a solid foundation of “self” on which he can now build the limiting factors of social sharing. ( ⑤ ) The result is a self-assured personality that is capable of a genuine mixing-in with others.

정답과 해설 112쪽

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다음 글의 내용을 한 문장으로 요약하고자 한다. 빈칸 (A)와 (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

One study showed that even when a pair of strangers had never met before and didn’t talk, they still liked each other more if both simply walked in the same direction together, rather than in different directions. Another study found that married couples that commute in the same direction rather than different directions are more satisfied with their relationships. These findings held true whether they commuted alone or with others and whether or not the partners left for work at the same time. Another “rhythm” study used the Canadian national anthem, “O Canada.” When people sang or danced together as they listened to “O Canada,” rather than sitting with others and reading the words to themselves as they heard the song, they were more likely to donate money to a common pot as opposed to keeping it all for themselves. ✽common pot 공동 모금함   Research findings showed that those who (A) behavioral patterns tended to (B) among form stronger emotional themselves. (A) ① shared ② shared ③ analyzed ④ recognized ⑤ recognized

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…… …… …… …… ……

(B) agreements bonds relationships appeals boundaries


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[41~42] 다음 글을 읽고, 물음에 답하시오.

Harumi Tanaka, from Osaka, Japan, had accepted an assignment in Boston. His task was to explore the possibility of developing joint ventures with American firms. He had been invited by one company to spend a month with them and had been assigned an office and a research assistant. He agreed on a Monday to present a business plan the following Friday. On Tuesday, the computers in the company crashed, and the research assistant called in sick with a severe case of the flu. Still, Harumi pushed forward and presented his plan on Friday. He began his presentation, “I’m sorry that I am not well prepared. This meeting may not be a good use of your time.” He then went into a clear, interesting presentation. After the meeting, one of the American executives said, “I don’t know why you had to apologize. Everyone knows about the computer crash and your assistant’s illness.” Harumi responded that he thought that the apology would be a good introduction to his presentation. The misunderstanding in this incident occurred because apologies are interpreted differently in the United States compared to Japan. In the United States, apologies are associated with weakness and with the admission of guilt. In this case, people at the meeting might interpret Harumi’s apology as an admission of responsibility for a poor presentation. In Japan, apologies are less associated with weakness or with the admission of guilt. Usually apologies show concern for the difficulties and emotional distress people are experiencing. However, Japanese people making apologies are not necessarily claiming that .

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윗글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?

① Apologies that Actually Work ② Why You Should Never Ask for an Apology ③ How to Effectively Resolve Conflicts at Work ④ ‌Different Meanings of Apology Between

Cultures ⑤ ‌The Way of Admitting Responsibility for Your Mistakes

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윗글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? | 3점 |

① they always apologize with sincerity ② they intend to accept your apologies too ③ they also expect sincere apologies from you ④ ‌they are experiencing the same difficulties as

others ⑤ ‌they are responsible for the difficulties or distress

실전 모의고사 3회

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[43~45] 다음 글을 읽고, 물음에 답하시오.

(A) In 1908, Napoleon Hill was a college student and a beginning freelance writer. He obtained an interview with Andrew Carnegie, who was then the world’s richest man. (a) He wanted to write a profile that would reveal Carnegie’s secrets for accumulating his vast fortune. Carnegie was so impressed with the young man that the initial threehour interview stretched into three days. (B) The result was an immensely successful writing career that eventually led, in 1937, to the publication of Hill’s philosophy of personal achievement, Think and Grow Rich. Coming as it did in the midst of the Great Depression, the uplifting message of (b) his book, “Whatever the mind can conceive and believe... it can achieve,” captured the country’s imagination. His book eventually became one of the most influential ever published, selling over ten million copies. (C) The book also resulted in the self-actualization publishing genre. One of the secrets that Hill discovered was that many successful dreamers enjoy personal reveries with their role models. He suggests creating an imaginary council with a group of “Invisible Counselors,” composed of the people you most admire. At night before you go to sleep, close your eyes and conduct success strategy sessions in which you seek the advice of your heroines. While the meetings are “purely imaginary,” (c) he believes they make us more “receptive to ideas, thoughts, and knowledge” which reach us through our sixth sense, intuition. ✽reverie 몽상, 망상 

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정답과 해설 113쪽

(D) During this interview Carnegie asked Hill if (d) he would be willing to devote the next twenty years to one of the millionaire’s pet projects: interviewing other successful entrepreneurs and distilling their success secrets into a formula that average men and women could use to achieve their dreams. Carnegie offered Hill no financial incentive but (e) he did promise him introductions to such famous men as Thomas Edison, Henry Ford, Harvey Firestone, and Luther Burbank. Hill jumped at the chance. ✽pet project 특히 관심이 있는 사업 ✽✽distill 추출하다 

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주어진 글 (A)에 이어질 글의 내용을 순서에 맞게 배열한 것으로 가장 적절한 것은?

① (B)-(D)-(C) ③ (C)-(D)-(B) ⑤ (D)-(C)-(B)

② (C)-(B)-(D) ④ (D)-(B)-(C)

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밑줄 친 (a)~(e) 중 가리키는 대상이 나머지 넷과 다른 것은?

① (a)

② (b)

③ (c)

④ (d)

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⑤ (e)

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윗글의 Hill에 관한 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

① 대학생 시절에 초보 프리랜서 작가로 활동했다. ② ‌3일에 걸쳐 Carnegie를 인터뷰했다. ③ 천만 권이 넘게 팔린 책을 집필했다. ④ ‌존경하는 인물들과 가상 협의회를 만들 것을 제안했다. ⑤ Carnegie로부터 금전적 보상을 제안받았다.


실전 모의고사 4회

제한시간

70 분

| 배점

정답과 해설 115쪽

문항에 따라 배점이 다릅니다. 3점 문항에는 점수가 표시되어

03

있습니다. 점수 표시가 없는 문항은 모두 2점입니다.

100 점

6049-0243

다음을 듣고, 여자가 하는 말의 목적으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. 1번부터 17번까지는 듣고 답하는 문제입니다. 1번부터 15번 까지는 한 번만 들려주고, 16번부터 17번까지는 두 번 들려줍니 다. 방송을 잘 듣고 답을 하시기 바랍니다.

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6049-0241

① 비상 상황 발생을 알리려고 ② 비상 상황의 처리 결과를 통지하려고 ③ 비상 상황 대비 훈련이 있음을 홍보하려고 ④ 비상 상황 발생 시 행동 요령을 안내하려고 ⑤ 비상 상황 통보 시스템에 등록을 권유하려고

대화를 듣고, 남자의 마지막 말에 대한 여자의 응답으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

① It’s two blocks north of City Hall. ② I’m sorry, but I don’t like Italian food. ③ The cooking class will start next week. ④ Thank you for taking me out to dinner. ⑤ It usually closes at ten o’clock at night.

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대화를 듣고, 남자의 의견으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

① 지역 이기주의를 극복해야 한다. ② 쓰레기 분리수거를 철저히 해야 한다. ③ 효과적인 자원 재활용 방법을 개발해야 한다. ④ 쓰레기 매립지 건립에 대한 보상이 이루어져야 한다. ⑤ 정당한 의견을 지역 이기주의로 매도해서는 안 된다.

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6049-0242

대화를 듣고, 여자의 마지막 말에 대한 남자의 응답으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

① I have an interview tomorrow. ② It’ll be announced later this week. ③ I’m not satisfied with the result at all. ④ It’s really hard to get a job these days. ⑤ I think I have no chance of getting the job.

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대화를 듣고, 두 사람의 관계를 가장 잘 나타낸 것을 고르시오. ① 팬 - 가수 ② 독자 - 작가 ③ 손님 - 서점 주인 ④ 학생 - 도서관 사서 ⑤ 초청 강사 - 독서 모임 회장

실전 모의고사 4회

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실전 모의고사 4회

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대화를 듣고, 그림에서 대화의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것을 고르시오.

① ②

정답과 해설 117쪽

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대화를 듣고, 여자가 사진을 찍을 수 없는 이유를 고르시오.

① 플래시가 없어서 ② 카메라가 고장 나서 ③ 메모리 카드가 없어서 ④ 배터리가 다 소모되어서 ⑤ 카메라를 가져오지 않아서

④ ⑤

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대화를 듣고, 남자가 지불할 금액을 고르시오. | 3점 |

① $800 ② $990 ③ $1,070 ④ $1,100 ⑤ $1,600

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대화를 듣고, 여자가 남자에게 부탁한 일로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

대화를 듣고, 구입할 소파에 관해 두 사람이 언급하지 않은 것을 고르시오.

① 운동 장비 구입하기 ② 선수단 격려 방문하기 ③ 경기장 사용 주선하기 ④ 체육관 사용 허락하기 ⑤ 연습 경기 횟수 늘리기

① 소재 ② 색깔 ③ 크기 ④ 구입 장소 ⑤ 구입 시기

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Cave Spring Campground에 관한 다음 내용을 듣고, 일치 하지 않는 것을 고르시오.

대화를 듣고, 남자의 마지막 말에 대한 여자의 응답으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. | 3점 |

① 레저 차량을 수용할 수 있는 84개의 캠핑지가 있다. ② 피크닉용 테이블과 요리용 그릴이 마련되어 있다. ③ 식수, 화장실, 샤워 시설이 모두 무료로 제공된다. ④ 하이킹을 즐기거나 개울에서 수영을 할 수 있다. ⑤ 4월 1일부터 10월 31일까지 개장한다.

Woman: ① I hope your son gets well soon. ② Why don’t you hire a babysitter for Ben? ③ I think you should stop letting him watch TV. ④ Then what time can you come to the workshop? ⑤ ‌Can you take care of my son while I’m at the

workshop?

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다음 표를 보면서 대화를 듣고, 남자가 선택한 정수기 임대 서비스를 고르시오.

Green Dream Water Purifier Rental Services Cold/Hot Water

Ice Maker

Rental Period

Rental Fee (per month)

×

×

12 months

$25

×

×

24 months

$20

×

12 months

$30

24 months

$45

36 months

$40

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대화를 듣고, 여자의 마지막 말에 대한 남자의 응답으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

Man: ① I’ll tell Josh to reschedule his dental appointment. ② ‌Thank you. It’s great to know you’ll be there,

too. ③ ‌You’re right. He’s old enough to do things on his own. ④ I‌ don’t want you to be disappointed about such a thing. ‌ . I’ll call the dentist and see if I can change ⑤ Okay my appointment.

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다음 상황 설명을 듣고, Kate가 계산원에게 할 말로 가장 적절 한 것을 고르시오. | 3점 |

Kate: ① I’m sorry. How much more do I owe you? ② I’m afraid you gave me the wrong change. ③ Do you have change for a twenty-dollar bill? ④ ‌Excuse me. You didn’t give my credit card back. ⑤ ‌Can you tell me where the New Releases section

is?

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[16~17] 다음을 듣고, 물음에 답하시오.

정답과 해설 122쪽

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다음 글의 목적으로 가장 적절한 것은?

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남자가 하는 말의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은?

① the pleasure of trekking alone ② how to trek in the mountains safely ③ handling an emergency while trekking ④ the necessity of using a compass while trekking ‌ ⑤ the importance of choosing the right trekking

clothes

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남자의 조언에 언급되지 않은 것은?

① 옷과 우비 ② 식량 ③ 나침반 ④ 건강 검진 ⑤ 동행자

Dear Parents, The School Council believes that the decisions we take about improving and developing the Lincoln School Trust should be informed by the opinions of students and their parents. The School Council has been very grateful for the excellent suggestions put forward at the two parents’ forums held earlier this year. However, to enhance our understanding of parents’ views still further, we have asked RS Academics—a leading consultancy company—to prepare and distribute an online questionnaire on this matter. A similar survey was conducted in 2015 and the outcomes proved extremely useful in our development planning thereafter. The questionnaire will be emailed to you within the next 10 days, and we very much hope that you might be able to spare a short amount of time to help us with this important study. Please be reassured that the survey will be completely anonymous. Thank you in advance for your support with this important process. Yours sincerely, Kevin Knibbs Headmaster ✽anonymous

이제 듣기 문제가 끝났습니다. 18번부터는 문제지의 지시에 따라 답을 하시기 바랍니다.

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① 학교 발전 계획을 홍보하려고 ② 학교 행사 참여에 감사하려고 ③ 설문 조사 참여를 요청하려고 ④ 설문 조사 결과를 알려 주려고 ⑤ 변경된 학사 일정을 안내하려고

익명의


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다음 글에서 필자가 주장하는 바로 가장 적절한 것은?

다음 글에 드러난 ‘I’의 심경으로 가장 적절한 것은?

You can listen to what people have to say— maybe you feel that you don’t have a choice—but in the end, your definition of success has to be your definition of success. You’re the one who’s going to be living with it. If you just look at the medical field alone, you’ll find that too many doctors went to medical school for the wrong reasons, either because their parents wanted them to or because they thought they could get rich that way. People who go into a field like medicine for reasons like that are likely to get burned out, missing the deeper significance of the work, or are likely to fall short of being really fine physicians as they lack the deep commitment that this demanding profession requires.

I had my first panic attack when I was 10 years old. It happened when I had to read a story in front of a class. At that time I didn’t even know what happened to me because I was so young and never even heard about panic attacks or stage fright. It was one of the most terrifying experiences of my life. My heart was pounding, my whole body was shaking, and the words didn’t want to come out of my mouth. It seemed like the text was written in some foreign language. I couldn’t even think; I just felt that I wanted to run out of the class. When I finished my reading, which wasn’t even reading I guess, because I was stumbling so badly, I sat down at my desk, literally in shock. I couldn’t even calm down, my heart was still pounding, and I was still shaking and avoided the stares of my classmates.

① 다양한 인생 경험을 축적해야 한다. ② 결정한 일은 끝까지 밀고 나가야 한다. ③ 다른 사람의 조언에 귀를 기울여야 한다. ④ 일을 시작하기 전에 철저하게 준비해야 한다. ⑤ 자기 자신이 내린 성공의 정의를 따라야 한다.

① moved and proud ② relieved and grateful ③ guilty and apologetic ④ bored and indifferent ⑤ nervous and shocked

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다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은?

to think that his project is really all that great. By praising substandard work, you send the message that you have lower expectations for this student. Better to say, “I appreciate that you finished the project on time, and I thought your opening paragraph was interesting, but I think you could have done a better job of organizing it. Let’s talk about how.” ✽naive

순진무구한

① 학생의 수준에 맞는 과제를 제시해 주는 것이 바람직하다. ② 다양한 자료를 준비하여 수업에 대한 흥미를 높여야 한다. ③ ‌과제물에 대한 평가 결과를 학생에게 신속하게 알려 줄 필요가 있다.

④ ‌학생들이 또래들과의 협력 작업을 통해 과제를 완성하도 록 지도해야 한다.

⑤ ‌기대 수준을 낮추어 학생을 칭찬하기보다는 개선할 점도 함께 지적해 주어야 한다.

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다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은?

Suppose you have a student who usually fails to complete his work. He manages to submit a project on time, although it’s not very good. It’s tempting to praise the student — after all, the fact that he submitted something is an improvement over his past performance. But consider the message that praising an ordinary project sends. You say “good job,” but that really means “good job for someone like you.” The student is probably not so naive as



정답과 해설 124쪽

Too often, negotiators approach the negotiating table with the attitude “I’ll be tough at the start. If that doesn’t work, I can always take a softer approach.” The fault in this approach is that it assumes that your opening move will have no continuing effect on your counterpart once you have decided to adopt a softer approach. In fact, of course, an overly tough opening move not only communicates the nature of your demand, but it also communicates something about you as a person and your company as a future customer or

partner. Thus, your counterpart may interpret your overly aggressive opening move as an indication that you and your company are unreasonable, arbitrary, rigid, and perhaps untrustworthy. Once they have formed that impression, it may be very difficult to persuade them to change that evaluation no matter how gentle you become in subsequent negotiating sessions. ✽counterpart

상대방, 대응 관계에 있는 사람

① ‌effective ways to identify negotiators̓ intentions ② ‌necessity of having a good relationship with

customers ③ ‌misconceptions about taking a soft approach in negotiation ④ ‌negative effects of negotiators̓ overly tough opening move ⑤ ‌importance of negotiators adopting a rational attitude in negotiation


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다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?

When people try to control situations that are essentially uncontrollable, they are inclined to experience high levels of stress. Thus, suggesting that they need to take active control is bad advice in those situations. What they need to do is to accept that some things are beyond their control. Similarly, teaching people to accept a situation that could readily be changed could be bad advice; sometimes the only way to get what you want is to take active control. Research has shown that when people who feel helpless fail to take control, they experience negative emotional states such as anxiety and depression. Like stress, these negative emotions can damage the immune response. We can see from this that health is not linearly related to control. For optimum health, people should be encouraged to take control to a point but to recognize when further control is impossible. ① Have a Positive Picture of Yourself ② Health Problems Caused by Stress and Anxiety ‌ ③ Common Misconceptions About the Immune

System ‌ ④ Recognition of Control Limits Leads to Good Health ‌ ⑤ Does the Ability to Control Situations Increase with Age?

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Extra Innings Overnight에 관한 다음 안내문의 내용과 일치 하는 것은?

Extra Innings Overnight Be one of the lucky few to spend a night with baseball’s legends such as Babe Ruth, Randy Johnson, and Pedro Martinez. Each year the National Baseball Hall of Fame offers exclusive overnight experiences for families. Children aged 7–12 and their parents can sleep among the artifacts of baseball’s greatest players, and share the experience of a lifetime. The evening includes all access to the museum’s public areas after the closing time and special hands-on programs throughout the museum. To book your experience, please call 607-5470313. Dates Friday, October 21, 2016 Friday, October 28, 2016 Saturday, October 29, 2016 The Extra Innings Overnight experience includes: • ‌A late night snack and a baseball movie in our Grandstand Theater • ‌Sleeping accommodations in the Hall of Fame Gallery and in exhibit spaces • ‌A light breakfast ※ ‌Junior participants receive a Hall of Fame sack filled with souvenirs of the experience. ✽artifact

물품, 인공물

① 야구의 전설들과 며칠 밤을 보낸다. ② 문을 닫은 후에는 박물관의 출입이 제한된다. ③ 10월 한 달간 매주 금요일마다 열린다. ④ 심야 간식과 야구 영화 관람이 포함된다. ⑤ 전시 공간에서는 잠을 잘 수 없다.

실전 모의고사 4회

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Sustainable Art Contest에 관한 다음 안내문의 내용과 일치 하지 않는 것은?

26

정답과 해설 125쪽

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다음 도표의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

Average Hours Spent per Day in Leisure Activities

Sustainable Art Contest Sustainable Art Contest will be held as part of the Eco Festival at GSU Plaza on Friday, August 12, 2016. *Sustainable Art Contest Rules & Registration • ‌Contest is open to all Boston University students. Individual and group works are accepted. • Entries will be displayed at the Eco Festival. • ‌Entries must use at least 90% recycled content — metals, paper, rubber, glass, plastic, cloth or other recyclable materials. There is 10% permitted use of non-recyclable fasteners, such as glue, tape, etc. • ‌Entries must include a list of recycled materials used. • ‌A select panel of judges will pick the winner(s) based on creativity and sustainability. Please register at sustainability@bu.ac no later than August 2, 2016.

① 개인이나 단체 작품으로 참가할 수 있다. ② 출품작은 Eco Festival에서 전시된다. ③ 출품작은 재활용 재료만 사용해야 한다. ④ 출품작은 재활용 재료 목록을 포함해야 한다. ⑤ 창의성과 지속 가능성에 근거해 수상자를 선정한다.

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The above chart shows the average hours spent per day in leisure activities by young and elderly people in 2013. ① Both the young and the elderly spent the longest hours of their leisure time watching TV, and elderly people spent nearly twice as many hours a day on TV as young people. ② The second largest amount of time was spent playing games or using the computer for leisure by young people, while the second fewest hours were spent in these activities by elderly people. ③ The combined number of hours the young and the elderly spent in relaxing and thinking was less than that for any other activity. ④ The largest gap of time between the young and the elderly was shown in TV watching, whereas the smallest one was in relaxing and thinking. ⑤ Young people spent the least amount of their time reading or relaxing and thinking, while elderly people spent the fewest hours on sports, exercise, and recreation.


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yerba mate에 관한 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

Yerba maté is a refreshing tea that you’ll find all over southern South America, where it is practically the national drink. It’s made from the leaves of a holly-like tree that grows near streams in the wild, but is now widely cultivated. The wild tree is said to produce a maté with a superior taste and is much sought after. During the harvest season, maté gatherers called tarrafeiros or yerbateros search the forest for stands of wild trees. Traditionally, yerba maté is used as a drink to reduce appetite and combat fatigue, as well as medicinally to treat digestive disorders. The active ingredients are primarily caffeine and caffeine-like substances and phytochemicals, which are thought to have a stimulant effect on the immune system. It’s also a good source of minerals and amino acids. A possible anti-diabetic effect is being investigated. ✽holly

호랑가시나무

✽✽phytochemical

식물 속에 함유된 화학 물질

① 남아메리카 남부 전역에서 마시는 차이다. ② 호랑가시나무와 비슷한 나무의 잎으로 만들어진다. ③ 식욕 증가 및 피로 방지를 위한 음료로 사용된다. ④ 면역 체계를 촉진시키는 성분을 함유하고 있다고 여겨진다. ⑤ 무기질과 아미노산의 훌륭한 공급원이다.

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(A), (B), (C)의 각 네모 안에서 어법에 맞는 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은?

Species that are essential for functional and structural integrity of an ecosystem are termed keystone species. Keystone species typically influence processes (A) that / what lead to the formation of a community. It is often impossible to point to a keystone species within functional ecosystems. Only after a keystone species disappears (B) is / are the role they played revealed. The loss of a keystone species usually has a large effect on ecosystem integrity and can even cause disintegration and collapse. At the same time a population of a keystone species declines, another species can invade the vacant niche and replace the keystone species, thus changing the ecosystem ( C ) permanent / permanently . R e s t o r a t i o n o f keystone species is, therefore, essential in attaining the original state of the ecosystem. Although it is a cost-effective approach in restoration, it requires great ecological knowledge. ✽niche

(A) ① that ② that ③ that ④ what ⑤ what

…… …… …… …… ……

(B) are is is is are

…… …… …… …… ……

틈새

(C) permanently permanent permanently permanent permanent

실전 모의고사 4회

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(A), (B), (C)의 각 네모 안에서 문맥에 맞는 낱말로 가장 적절한

밑줄 친 her[She]가 가리키는 대상이 나머지 넷과 다른 것은?

것은?

One morning, Victoria woke up and heard a baby crying downstairs. It was impossible! She went down and found her mom holding a baby in her arms. She knew that the baby had to be ① her new baby sister but how? Her mother saw her coming down the stairs and told ② her to come sit next to her. Victoria walked slowly towards her mom. She was surprised. ③ She couldn̓t believe that after all those years and after all the loneliness she finally got what she wanted. ④ She was so happy. Her mother smiled and so did Victoria. Her mother had called the neighbor in the night to help ⑤ her

| 3점 |

Like ideas about gender roles, ideas about race affect human relationships everywhere on earth. However, according to the science of biology, all people now alive on earth are members of one species, Homo sapiens sapiens. Biologically, race is a (A) meaningful / meaningless concept. The characteristics we popularly identify as race markers —  skin color, hair texture, face, and body shapes — have no significance as biological categories. For any supposed racial trait, such as skin color, there are wide variations within human groups. In addition, many invisible biological characteristics, such as blood type and DNA patterns, cut across skin color distributions and other so-called racial attributes and are (B) shared / differentiated across

what are commonly viewed as different races. In fact, over the last several thousand years there has been such massive gene flow among human populations that no modern group presents a (C) distinct / universal set of biological characteristics. Although we may look quite different, from the biological point of view, we are all closely related. (A) (B) (C) …… distinct ① meaningful …… shared ② meaningful …… differentiated …… universal …… distinct ③ meaningless …… shared ④ meaningless …… differentiated …… distinct …… universal ⑤ meaningless …… shared

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deliver the baby right there in the house. Victoria woke up to a wonderful surprise!


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[31~33] 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

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The anxiety many spectators experience when looking at and responding to art is well justified. Art is typically seen in its final resting place, in museums and galleries, disconnected from its original context. These passive displays conceal most of the history and processes that have determined the creation, meaning, and value of the work. The mandatory distance between viewers and art, rightfully observed by institutions, further heightens the of art. Labels, statements, and other materials are useful aids. However, the information, presented as concluding statements rather than a starting point for critical inquiry, leaves many viewers with unanswered questions. How was the art made? Why is it so expensive? Why is it in a museum? | 3점 | ✽mandatory

① value ② mystery ③ visibility ④ awareness ⑤ experience

의무적인

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The name of the animal is linked to the owner in the same way that a snapshot is. Jay Ruby, an anthropologist who studied the logic of home photography, noted that family photographs are rarely meaningful in themselves. Instead they are used as keys to family narratives: “That was when Uncle Tom visited us just before Vera got married, and we were eating on the terrace just after coming back from the wedding rehearsal,” or “That’s Mother outside of the cathedral at Amiens with the hat she got at the outdoor market that morning.” The pet’s name and the home photograph are linked to us by specific associations, while human names are linked to us by general associations. This does not mean that there are not universal pet names— such as Snoopy, Sheba, Fluffy and Baron. It does imply that . | 3점 |

① ‌there are some popular pet names in the world ② ‌pet names are more particularized than human

names and more families give human names to their pets ‌ ④ pets are usually named regardless of their personality ‌ ⑤ you should separate pet names from regular human names ③ ‌more

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Attachment and bonding facilitate the passage of moral understanding and behavior from one generation to the next. According to Bowlby, a British psychologist, attachment leads to sociability (although much developmental neuroscience now suggests sociability is hardwired), and sociability drives us to create and shape moral understanding. A child’s desire and need for attachment, or for connection, and the mother’s caring response and bonding provide the dynamics for the son or daughter’s attachment to parental values. To maintain the attachment, the child will do whatever he or she thinks is necessary to please the parents. Even though a child possesses a complex brain that is capable of constructing alternative beliefs and actions, usually ensures that the latter’s values will prevail. | 3점 |

① the desire of being regarded as moral ② the belief or behavior possessed for long ③ the substantial emotional burden from society ④ the fear of loss or disengagement from a parent ‌ ⑤ the negative emotional response from social

members

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정답과 해설 129쪽

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다음 글의 빈칸 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

Yo u n g p e o p l e o f t e n h a v e a k e e n e a r l y understanding of important societal trends. They tend to have great familiarity with the latest ideas and products in fields such as technology, fashion, (A) healthy living, and the environment. , Gary Hamel argues that CEOs should go out of their way to stay connected with the youngest and brightest in their organization. He recommends that CEOs form a “shadow cabinet” of highly capable employees in their twenties and thirties. CEOs should then meet with this cabinet periodically to see how their perspective on key strategic issues differs from what they are hearing from the members of the senior management team. Hamel believes that interacting with young people will help CEOs see opportunities and threats that senior (B) leaders may not perceive. , Hamel recognizes that the perspectives of these young people often are filtered out if left to the normal machinations of the organizational hierarchy. ✽machination

(A) (B) ① In other words …… As a result ② In other words …… For instance ③ For that reason …… As a result ④ For that reason …… Moreover …… Moreover ⑤ Conversely

교묘한 술책


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[35~36] 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

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Some research projects may involve empirical studies, whether experimental or observational, others theoretical studies, such as mathematical models, and yet others reviews or critiques of the research literature. (A) ‌Even so, many great scientists display considerable diversity in the kinds of projects that are an integral part of their research programs. (B) ‌To be sure, some scientists concentrate on one particular type of research to the virtual exclusion of other types. Einstein was exclusively

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One novel feature of modern life for most people in developed countries is the abundant availability of food independent of season. (A) ‌Evolution had to make a difficult tradeoff between the size and capacity of these

organs and the allocation of time and energy to activities other than searching for food and maximizing its nutritive value.

(B) ‌For example, the human brain constitutes only 2 percent of body mass yet accounts for over 20 percent of total energy expenditure. (In newborns, brain metabolism accounts for

a theoretical rather than experimental physicist, for example.

a surprising 60 percent of total metabolism.) The brain, heart, gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, and liver together consume 70 percent of basal metabolism.

(C) ‌N e w t o n w a s b o t h a t h e o r e t i c a l a n d a n experimental physicist, besides doing work in pure mathematics. Darwin recorded systematic observations, conducted experimental studies, reviewed the literature, and developed theoretical interpretations. | 3점 |

(C) ‌In the state of nature, by contrast, food is relatively scarce much of the time, making energy conservation most important and forcing difficult energy-expenditure trade-offs between metabolically costly tissues, processes, and behaviors. | 3점 |

✽critique

① (A)-(C)-(B) ③ (B)-(C)-(A) ⑤ (C)-(B)-(A)

② (B)-(A)-(C) ④ (C)-(A)-(B)

✽gastrointestinal

비평

✽✽basal

① (A)-(C)-(B) ③ (B)-(C)-(A) ⑤ (C)-(B)-(A)

tract 위장관, 소화관 metabolism 기초 대사

② (B)-(A)-(C) ④ (C)-(A)-(B)

실전 모의고사 4회

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[37~38] 글의 흐름으로 보아, 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳을 고르시오.

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Because creativity is not a central topic in any of these fields, these scholars work without big research grants, and without a lot of attention from the leaders of their fields. In spite of its importance, creativity has not received much attention from scientists. ( ① )

Until very recently, only a few researchers had studied creativity. ( ② ) Most psychologists instead study what they believe are more fundamental mental properties—memory, logical reasoning, and attention. ( ③ ) But in recent years psychologists—along with increasing numbers of sociologists, anthropologists, theater experts, and art critics—have increasingly turned their attention to creativity. ( ④ ) Even so, their research findings have gradually accumulated, and our knowledge about creativity has now attained a critical mass. ( ⑤ ) Perhaps for the first time, we hold in our grasp the potential to explain creativity. ✽critical

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mass 임계량

38

정답과 해설 131쪽

6049-0278

Conversely, carelessness about food choices can contribute to many chronic diseases, including heart disease, diabetes, and cancer. Although you may not always have been aware of it, nutrition has played a significant role in your life. ( ① ) Every day, several times a day, you

select foods that influence your body’s health for better or worse. ( ② ) Each day’s food choices

may benefit or harm your health only a little, but when these choices are repeated over years and decades, the rewards or consequences become major. ( ③ ) That being the case, paying close attention to good eating habits now supports health benefits later. ( ④ ) Of course, some people will

become ill or die young no matter what choices they make, and others will live long lives despite making poor choices. ( ⑤ ) For the majority of us, however, the food choices we make each and every day will benefit or harm our health in proportion to the wisdom of those choices. ✽diabetes

당뇨병


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다음 글에서 전체 흐름과 관계 없는 문장은?

Although, like the United States, many societies engage in the ordering of life according to years following birth (age), some societies do not even track chronological age. ① For instance, some Mayan tribal groups do not rely on age as a marker of a child’s identity. ② When adults meet a child for the first time, instead of asking his or her name, as many European Americans would, they ask, “Who are your mother and father?” ③ Because identity in this culture is defined by relationships and place in the community, Mayans are more likely to attempt to describe a child in terms of other people in their family, and not in terms of the child’s individual characteristics, including age. ④ Because of their learning style, Mayan children are much more observant in their environment as compared to European American children. ⑤ This view of children is also common among other indigenous groups, including some Native American and Canadian First Nations people, and immigrants from Central and South America to the United States. ✽Canadian

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다음 글의 내용을 한 문장으로 요약하고자 한다. 빈칸 (A)와 (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

During the 1950s, the large and heavy valves in the radio began to be replaced by small transistorized electronic components that required less electrical power. On account of this, receivers could operate from batteries and as a result radio sets became smaller and lighter. Individuals could take their transistor radios with them, whether into the privacy of the teenage bedroom or down to the beach. At the same time, radios also became an integral feature of the car. The listeners were no longer thought of as a stationary group listening in the home or crowded public place. Further improvements in transmission techniques and modifications to the quality of microphone technology enabled broadcasters to introduce a style of address that was more intimate and which spoke to the individual as the sole listener.  The development in radio-related technology (A) of the radio and helped increase the led broadcasters to talk to listeners in a more (B) way.

First Nations 캐나다 원주민

(A) ① mobility ② ownership ③ contribution ④ mobility ⑤ ownership

…… …… …… …… ……

(B) personal respectful personal systematic systematic

실전 모의고사 4회

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[41~42] 다음 글을 읽고, 물음에 답하시오.

Psychologists Dember and Earl suggested that the motivation for exploration has its roots in a curiosity drive. They suggested that curiosity is stimulated by novelty and argued that novelty is in the eye of the beholder. We could have seen something many times before, but as the result of having new skills or competence, we discover new or different aspects of that object. This is very important for understanding why people will often return to explore things that they have explored before or do things they have done before. In our daily lives, for example, we might decide to listen to a piece of music that we have listened to many times. By returning to that music with a new or fresh perspective, perhaps as a result of listening to other music, we find something new and interesting. One reason that people can play a card game such as bridge over and over is that no matter how many times they have played the game, it will be different in some way. Moreover, as their skills improve, people have new aspects of the game to explore. As in most of the models of exploratory behavior, the motivation within the Dember and Earl theory is best described as . Because of developing competence, things in the environment are new or novel, which motivates the individual to interact with them. As a result of this interaction, new or novel things become familiar, and other things become new or novel, which motivates the person to interact with them. Thus, in a complex environment, the individual will systematically attend to all the various features of that environment.

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정답과 해설 133쪽

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윗글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?

① Conflicting Views on Human Motivation ② Motivation: The Driving Force of Innovation ③ Why Does Science Need Exploratory Thinking? ④ Why Does One Explore the Same Thing Repeatedly? ⑤ Excessive Curiosity: The Obstacle to Development

42 윗글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? | 3점 |

① an innate human nature ② an emotional adjustment ③ a positive feedback loop ④ face-to-face interactions ⑤ the preference for complexity

6049-0282


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[43~45] 다음 글을 읽고, 물음에 답하시오.

(A) Peter was working for a company called BP and he was in charge of promoting the company’s social investment in South Africa. At President Mandela’s request, BP started constructing a primary school in one of the high-density areas of the Eastern Cape. As the project got going, Peter received an invitation to meet Mr. Mandela and brief (a) him on the progress. The days before the appointment were long as he was anxious at the prospect of meeting and sharing a meal with Mr. Mandela. (B) Mr. Mandela invited Peter to the breakfast table. Just before they started eating, the host seemed to miss something. He asked, “Peter, I thought there were two of you?” Peter responded, “No, sir. I came alone.” “What about the other gentleman?” he insisted, and Peter replied, “No, sir. That one is just a driver. He will wait in the car.” At that point Mr. Mandela stood up and went out to where the driver was. (b) He introduced himself to the driver and asked him to join for breakfast. (C) Mr. Mandela then walked to the kitchen and said, “Dumi is joining us for breakfast. Can we have another plate, please?” Then Peter realised what a mistake he had made. He could not look Mr. Mandela in the face. After they had breakfast and Peter briefed him on the progress of the school, Dumi and Peter bade (c) him farewell. As Dumi started the engine, he said, “Peter, thank you very much for asking Mr. Mandela to invite me for breakfast. This is something I never expected could ever happen in my life.” (D) Finally, the big day came. On the day, Peter

dressed his best and asked one of the company drivers, Dumi, to take (d) him to Mr. Mandela’s home. To Peter’s amazement, his host was waiting for him in the car park. He felt both extremely excited and humbled that Mr. Mandela was waiting outside for him. Mr. Mandela warmly greeted the driver and Peter. (e) He then gestured that they enter the house. However, in the traditional way of corporate behaviour, the driver withdrew quietly and remained in the car.

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주어진 글 (A)에 이어질 내용을 순서에 맞게 배열한 것으로 가장 적절한 것은?

① (B)-(C)-(D) ③ (C)-(D)-(B) ⑤ (D)-(C)-(B)

② (B)-(D)-(C) ④ (D)-(B)-(C)

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밑줄 친 (a)~(e) 중에서 가리키는 대상이 나머지 넷과 다른 것은?

① (a)

② (b)

③ (c)

④ (d)

45

⑤ (e)

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윗글의 Peter에 관한 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

① 회사에서 사회적 투자에 관련된 업무를 맡았다. ② 만델라 대통령과 식사를 한다는 기대에 부풀어 있었다. ③ 운전기사와 함께 식사하기를 만델라 대통령에게 부탁했다. ④ 초등학교 건설 진행 현황을 만델라 대통령에게 보고했다. ⑤ 만델라 대통령이 주차장으로 마중 나온 것에 놀랐다.

실전 모의고사 4회

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제한시간

70 분

100 점

정답과 해설 135쪽

문항에 따라 배점이 다릅니다. 3점 문항에는 점수가 표시되어

03

있습니다. 점수 표시가 없는 문항은 모두 2점입니다.

| 배점

6049-0288

다음을 듣고, 남자가 하는 말의 목적으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. 1번부터 17번까지는 듣고 답하는 문제입니다. 1번부터 15번 까지는 한 번만 들려주고, 16번부터 17번까지는 두 번 들려줍니 다. 방송을 잘 듣고 답을 하시기 바랍니다.

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① 자원봉사 프로그램을 홍보하려고 ② 노인 돌봄 서비스 개설을 촉구하려고 ③ 설문 조사에 참여할 사람을 모집하려고 ④ 독거노인을 돕기 위한 성금을 모금하려고 ⑤ 노인용 의료 기구의 무료 제공을 알리려고

대화를 듣고, 남자의 마지막 말에 대한 여자의 응답으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

① Here are two tickets. ② I’d rather take a bus than a taxi. ③ The bus runs every hour on the hour. ④ The next bus will arrive in 10 minutes. ⑤ The only thing you can do is to catch a taxi.

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대화를 듣고, 두 사람이 하는 말의 주제로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

① 소화 불량의 원인 ② 스트레스 대처 요령 ③ 지나친 운동의 위험성 ④ 규칙적인 식사의 중요성 ⑤ 수분 섭취와 체중과의 관계

02

6049-0287

대화를 듣고, 여자의 마지막 말에 대한 남자의 응답으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

① I don’t know exactly where I put my backpack. ② No problem. I’ll keep an eye on your backpack. ③ ‌I have no idea, but I can ask my uncle if you

want. ④ ‌I’m sorry, but I’ve already thrown my old one away. ⑤ ‌D on’t worry. I’ll help you find your lost backpack. 158

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대화를 듣고, 두 사람의 관계를 가장 잘 나타낸 것을 고르시오.

① 꽃가게 주인 - 손님 ② 택배 배달원 - 고객 ③ 이삿짐센터 직원 - 집주인 ④ 재활용센터 직원 - 주민 ⑤ 건물 청소부 - 건물 주인


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06

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대화를 듣고, 그림에서 대화의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것을 고르시오.

⑤ ①

② ④

08

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대화를 듣고, 여자가 다음 주에 독서 클럽에 참석할 수 없는 이유를 고르시오.

① 야근을 해야 해서 ② 아이들을 돌봐야 해서 ③ 회사 저녁 모임이 있어서 ④ 저녁 식사를 준비해야 해서 ⑤ 독서 클럽에 가입하지 않아서

09

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대화를 듣고, 여자가 지불한 금액을 고르시오. | 3점 |

① $130 ② $150 ③ $180 ④ $230 ⑤ $280

07

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10

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대화를 듣고, 여자가 남자에게 부탁한 일로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

대화를 듣고, 시간제 근무에 관해 두 사람이 언급하지 않은

① 기타 빌려주기 ② 기타 연주해 주기 ③ 기타 구입 도와주기 ④ 기타 줄 교체해 주기 ⑤ 기타 연주 가르쳐 주기

① 근무 기간 ② 근무 시간 ③ 통근 거리 ④ 주요 업무 ⑤ 급여 조건

것을 고르시오.

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정답과 해설 139쪽

6049-0299

Sonoma Valley Winery Tour에 관한 다음 내용을 듣고, 일치하지 않는 것을 고르시오.

대화를 듣고, 여자의 마지막 말에 대한 남자의 응답으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. | 3점 |

① 지붕이 없는 관광버스를 타고 이동한다. ② 와인 시음과 경치를 즐길 수 있다. ③ 와인 제조 시설을 둘러볼 수 있다. ④ 요금은 1인당 99달러이다. ⑤ 점심 식사는 요금에 포함되지 않는다.

Man:

12

① I’ve always tried to look on the bright side. ② ‌I’m sure you can finish your project by the due

date. ③ ‌I realized it was impossible to break a bad habit. ④ ‌I set specific deadlines for each task and kept them. ⑤ ‌I asked my teacher for more time to finish my work. 6049-0297

다음 표를 보면서 대화를 듣고, 두 사람이 선택한 커피메이커 를 고르시오.

Coffee Makers Max Capacity

① ② ③ ④ ⑤

3 cups

Built-in Grinder

Programmable

Price

$400

×

×

$150

$500

×

$300

×

×

$250

3 cups 7 cups 7 cups 7 cups

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대화를 듣고, 남자의 마지막 말에 대한 여자의 응답으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

Woman: ① We usually go there every weekend. ② My brother always wants to watch TV. ③ It was my mom who made the suggestion. ④ ‌I like eating the vegetables I grow with my own

hands. ⑤ ‌M y dad helped us plant the vegetables and flowers. 160

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6049-0300

다음 상황 설명을 듣고, Frank가 Robbie에게 할 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. | 3점 |

Frank: ① Can you help me make French dressing? ② ‌Italian dressing is my favorite. Would you like to

try it? ③ ‌I ’m sorry, but I usually have salad without dressing. ④ ‌I’m not sure. Why don’t you ask your homeroom teacher? ⑤ ‌How about choosing one yourself? You know best what you like.


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[16~17] 다음을 듣고, 물음에 답하시오.

6049-0303

다음 글의 목적으로 가장 적절한 것은?

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남자가 하는 말의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은?

① how to show confidence ② ways to improve social skills ③ the need for listening to others ④ the importance of building trust ⑤ effects of appearance on first impressions

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남자가 언급하지 않은 것은?

① 시선 ② 화법 ③ 의상 ④ 자세 ⑤ 미소

Dear Mr. Watkins, The 2016 Residents’ Association represents residents of Potts Pt, Elizabeth Bay, and Darlinghurst. Over many years, residents of these suburbs have been serviced by the unreliable 311 bus service. We understand that traffic conditions in the inner city can lead to buses being late, sometimes substantially; however, we feel that the advantages and convenience of the 311 bus service are quite compromised by its unreliability. The ongoing unreliability of the 311 bus service provides incentives for residents to use private transport instead of buses. We feel that a more reliable 311 bus service would be more attractive to residents. One way of improving the reliability of the 311 bus service may be to increase its frequency, e.g. to every 15 minutes in peak periods on weekdays and every 20 minutes on weekends and off-peak periods on weekdays. We would like to hear from you on this matter. Kind regards, Dr. Sacha Blumen President 2016 Residents’ Association ① 버스 요금 인상에 항의하려고 ② 새로운 버스 노선 신설을 요청하려고 ③ 도심 교통 체증에 대한 대책을 촉구하려고 ④ 311번 버스 노선 변경의 필요성을 강조하려고 ⑤ 311번 버스의 운행 횟수를 늘릴 것을 요구하려고

이제 듣기 문제가 끝났습니다. 18번부터는 문제지의 지시에 따라 답을 하시기 바랍니다.

실전 모의고사 5회

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실전 모의고사 5회

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정답과 해설 142쪽

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다음 글에서 필자가 주장하는 바로 가장 적절한 것은?

다음 글의 상황에 나타난 분위기로 가장 적절한 것은?

The fact that most animals do not do things as we do does not mean that we are “better” than them or that our perception of reality is more “true” than theirs. All living beings on earth are valuable on their own terms. Each knows and understands the world in their own way. It is true that we humans have unique capabilities that other animals lack. We can build cars, use computers, and fly airplanes. We can also think about abstract ideas, plan for the future, and worry about our taxes. But we cannot run as fast as cheetahs, see as well as hawks, swim like dolphins, or soar like eagles. So, rather than think that other animals are not as smart or capable as we are—that they are “less than human”—it is better to realize that being different is not in itself “good” or “bad.” Animals are certainly not less than human.

With plenty of sunlight left, we wandered back to the beach—and then onto the sand dunes. As I recall, it was Louie who first took a running leap and flew off a dune. Following his lead, we sprinted and bounded off the dunes, soaring at least 20 feet before landing in the soft sand. Trying to outdo one another, we became increasingly more daring, attempting front flips, back flips, and 360s. Our gentle landings lowered our fear factor, while each challenging feat escalated our vanity. After what seemed like hours, we found ourselves covered with sand from head to toe—it was lodged in our scalps, in our ears, under our nails. But the thrill of dune jumping more than compensated for the sandy feeling, and a quick dip in the Atlantic solved the problem.

① 동물로부터 배울 점이 있다면 배워야 한다. ② 동물을 이해하려면 그들의 입장에서 생각해야 한다. ③ 동물에 대한 실험 연구는 신중하게 이루어져야 한다. ④ 동물을 인간보다 열등한 존재로 여기지 말아야 한다. ⑤ ‌동물의 뛰어난 능력을 연구하여 인간의 삶에 활용해야 한다.

① calm and peaceful ② cheerful and lively ③ lonely and deserted ④ tense and frightening ⑤ boring and monotonous

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✽(sand)

dune 모래 언덕 ✽✽scalp 두피


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다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은?

다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은?

When companies are prevented from discriminating among applicants based on age, they will be hiring from a larger pool of workers. By ensuring training opportunities and rewarding productivity without regard to age, public and private sector employers will experience a deeper talent pool of people remaining at the company. Workplaces will be able to go from institutions that are often lacking in terms of mentors, to ones that have plenty of mentors with expertise. Companies will have more long-term expertise to draw on when making decisions, when brainstorming new possibilities, and when making innovations to improve performance and efficiency. Deutsche Bank and John Deer & Co. are just two examples of companies that have realized benefits from the mutual learning that occurs in teams that are intentionally multi-generational.

When you answer questions in class or take oral exams, present yourself in a credible way. Even when a person has successfully recalled something in a social context, he or she may still have a problem convincing others that what has been recalled is correct. There are five ways you can increase the likelihood that others will believe in what you recall. Express your recall with an appropriate degree of confidence. Strive to make the contents of your recall include the most essential details. Claim an honest level of confidence in the accuracy of what you say you know. Express your certitude or doubt prudently. Avoid overstatement or understatement in your confidence in what you have recalled. Alternatively, do not be shy; sit up and speak confidently if you are sure of what you know.

① ‌기업에서 나이에 따라 지원자를 차별하는 것은 부당하다. ② ‌기업 혁신에서 나이 든 사람들의 경험이 무시되는 경향이 있다.

③ ‌멘토링 프로그램은 직장 내의 갈등을 해결하는 효과적인 대안이다.

✽certitude

확신

① ways to improve your memory capacity ② how to make others trust what you recall ③ factors that influence the ability to recall ④ problems that result from inaccurate recall ⑤ the necessity to build your self-confidence

④ ‌직원 채용 시 나이와 성별에 따른 차별을 금지하는 조치 가 필요하다.

⑤ ‌지원자의 연령 제한을 없애면 경험과 전문 지식을 갖춘 멘토를 얻을 수 있다.

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다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?

Like life in traditional society, but unlike other team sports, baseball is not governed by the clock. A football game is comprised of exactly sixty minutes of play, a basketball game forty or fortyeight minutes, but baseball has no set length of time within which the game must be completed. The pace of the game is therefore leisurely and unhurried, like the world before the discipline of measured time, deadlines, schedules, and wages paid by the hour. Baseball belongs to the kind of world in which people did not say, “I haven’t got all day.” Baseball games do have all day to be played. But that does not mean that they can go on forever. Baseball, like traditional life, proceeds according to the rhythm of nature, specifically the rotation of the Earth. During its first half century, games were not played at night, which meant that baseball games, like the traditional work day, ended when the sun set. ① What Are Baseballʼs Social Values? ② A Cyclical Sense of Time in Baseball ③ Baseball That Reflects Traditional Life ④ Baseball’s Leisurely Pace Is Missing Now ⑤ Significance of Baseball in Traditional Society

정답과 해설 144쪽

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The Wizard of Oz 공연에 관한 다음 안내문의 내용과 일치 하는 것은?

FHS Drama Presents: “The Wizard of Oz” Fieldcrest High School Drama Department will be presenting “The Wizard of Oz” in the second weekend in April. This year, the Fieldcrest Fine Arts Family will be sponsoring a chicken dinner on Saturday evening, April 9th, from 5:00 p.m. to 6:30 p.m. Tickets for both dinner and show will cost $20.00 and must be purchased in advance. Contact Ashley Swanson at aswanson@fieldcrest.k12.il.us to obtain a dinner ticket. The performance dates and times are as follows: ■Friday, April 8, 7:00 p.m. ■‌Saturday, April 9, Doors open for dinner at 4:30 p.m. with the show at 7:00 p.m. ■Sunday, April 10, 2:00 p.m. Show-only tickets for all dates will be available at the BMO Center for $5. Please contact Ashley Swanson at 309-432-2529 if you have questions. ① 4월 마지막 주에 공연될 예정이다. ② ‌Fieldcrest Fine Arts Family가 이틀간 만찬을 후원‌ 한다.

③ 만찬 포함 공연 티켓은 사전에 구매해야 한다. ④ 토요일 공연은 오후 4시 30분에 시작된다. ⑤ 모든 공연 표는 온라인으로 구매해야 한다.

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6049-0309


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PowerSchool Program에 관한 다음 안내문의 내용과 일치 하지 않는 것은?

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다음 도표의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

Tolerance for Cell Phone Use PowerSchool Program ■P ‌ owerSchool

is an online program that will enable you and your child to gain quick access to his or her attendance and progress in classes, as well as other helpful information.

(Percentage of people who say it is “generally OK” to use a cell phone in these settings)

Here is a brief explanation of the functions you may gain access to:

• ‌Grades: You will see a current grade average based on the grades entered by a teacher. (Be aware that all the assignments may not be entered.) By clicking on the grade, you will be able to see individual assignments. • ‌Attendance History: This screen gives you a 7-week attendance history. • ‌Email Notification: On this screen, you may choose to be emailed automatically with a variety of reports. It is important that students log in with their own student username, not their parents username. For any questions, contact us: support@ powerschool.org. ① 학생의 현재 평균 성적을 볼 수 있다. ② 개별 과제를 확인할 수 있다. ③ 최대 10주간의 출석 상황을 알 수 있다. ④ 이메일 자동 통지 서비스를 신청할 수 있다. ⑤ 학생은 본인의 사용자명으로 접속해야 한다.

The above graph shows the percentage of Americans in different age groups who said it was “generally OK” to use a cell phone in different settings. ① Among all the age groups, the 18-29 group had the highest tolerance for cell phone use in each given situation except when walking down the street. ② The percentage point gap between the highest tolerance and the lowest in each setting was the largest on public transportation, while it was the smallest at a family dinner. ③ Walking down the street was the only activity in which those aged 30 to 49 were the most tolerant among the age groups. ④ While one-third of the respondents aged 50 to 64 said it was “generally OK” to use a cell phone at a restaurant, less than a quarter of those 65 and older said the same. ⑤ Movie theaters or other quiet places were the least acceptable places for cell phone use in the 65 and older group.

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rhubarb에 관한 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

Rhubarb has been used as a medicinal plant for over 2,000 years in China, among other places. The root has a strong laxative effect and is also considered to have a cooling effect. From the beginning of the 1700s, tender rhubarb stems were used in British kitchens for both sour and sweet dishes. Since it is easy to grow and delicious, it quickly gained popularity. In most old Swedish gardens at least one rhubarb plant is growing. There are hundreds of edible rhubarbs, even strains with low amounts of oxalic acid. With a little care, you can easily harvest the plant many times. Fertilize the plant early in spring and harvest it a few times during the spring. Then leave the plant to rest and harvest it another few times during late summer. It is easy to split old plants and make several new ones. ✽laxative

배변을 쉽게 해 주는 ✽✽oxalic acid 옥살산

① 중국에서 2,000년 넘게 약용 식물로 이용되어 왔다. ② 뿌리는 열을 식히는 효과가 있는 것으로 여겨진다. ‌ 700년대 시작부터 부드러운 줄기는 영국에서 시고 단 ③1 음식 모두에 쓰였다.

④ ‌대부분의 오래된 스웨덴 정원에는 적어도 하나씩 자라고 있다.

⑤ 여러 차례 수확을 하려면 많은 관리가 필요하다.

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정답과 해설 146쪽

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(A), (B), (C)의 각 네모 안에서 어법에 맞는 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은? | 3점 |

Words and actions are objective; perspectives, recollections, and interpretations vary even at the best of times. Ask witnesses to a crime to recount what happened, and you likely will get as many variations as there are witnesses. No one sees the entire picture, especially in conflict, (A) where / which emotions produce tunnel vision. To broaden our perspective, we need to encourage the other person (B) share / to share their story. What happened from their perspective? We may uncover information that helps us make sense of what otherwise seemed irrational or hurtful behavior. As (C) challenged / challenging as it may be to entertain the possibility of a different perspective on our conflicts, it is even more difficult to muster the self-control to hear another’s story without correcting or disputing it. ✽muster

(A) ① where …… ② where …… ③ where …… ④ which …… ⑤ which ……

(B) share …… to share …… to share …… share …… to share ……

(C) challenged challenging challenged challenging challenged

모으다


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다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중, 문맥상 낱말의 쓰임이 적절하지 않은 것은? | 3점 |

Translators can leave foreign names unchanged, and this non-translation can have an alienating effect on the reader of the translation. Some feel this could make it ① difficult for the reader to identify with the characters. Moreover, original names that are too difficult to read may ② spoil the mere pleasure of reading. If the name of a wellknown person remains unchanged in the translation, the name will function differently if the reader of the translation is not ③ familiar with the person to whom the name refers. The name does not then have the same identifying function. Context can be used to partially bridge this gap. In Juist en Tweemeter, the Dutch translation of the work by Norwegian author Kjersti Wold, the context makes it ④ unclear to the reader of the translation that the character Ole Gunnar Solskjaer is a football player. Still, the translation is likely to have a ⑤ different emotional impact, because few Dutch-speaking children will associate the name Solskjaer with that of a national hero. ✽alienate

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밑줄 친 부분이 가리키는 대상이 나머지 넷과 다른 것은?

The next morning Mrs. Stephens watched Emily with no small solicitude. She hoped much from the lesson of the previous day with regard to her daughter’s improvement in promptness and punctuality. The young girl retired from the table, and entering the library, was soon wholly absorbed in ① her story. After waiting until half an hour to nine, Mrs. Stephens made an errand through the room, when Emily started from ② her seat, and running to the hall, looked at the clock. ③ She was pleased to find it still so early and was returning to her seat when her mother asked pleasantly, “Would it not be safer to prepare for school?” “Yes, Mom, I have only one sentence before I shall be through the chapter, and then I will go.” With a saddened face, ④ she turned to leave the room. Suddenly the impulsive girl, without reading a word, shut ⑤ her book, and said resolutely, “No, I will go now; I will try not to be late again this term.” ✽solicitude

걱정 ✽✽punctuality 시간 엄수

생경하게 만들다

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[31~34] 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

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Confident people are long-term, big-picture thinkers. They are disciplined enough to not allow themselves to fall into the trap of chasing after short-term gratification. They don’t let disappointments rattle their cage. They understand that the big things in life may take a little longer to achieve. Therefore, they stop expecting immediate accomplishments. They take a mature approach as they begin their journey. You will very rarely see a confident person acting like a little kid, sitting in the back seat of a car, continually asking, “Are we there yet?” Confident people always adopt the mind-set that . They welcome delayed gratification and the sacrifices that come along with it. ✽rattle

one’s cage ~를 화나게 하다

① a little bit of knowledge is a dangerous thing ② it is better to dig a ditch than to be indifferent ③ ‌there is nothing more fragile than an exposed

dream ④ ‌the road to any great journey is a marathon and not a sprint ⑤ ‌action is the key that will unlock the door to their destiny

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Research on happiness has shown that people are surprisingly bad at predicting what will make them happy. We assume that we know what is best for us. But research on affective forecasting—efforts

to predict one’s emotional reactions to future events—suggests otherwise. People routinely overestimate the pleasure that they will derive from buying an expensive automobile, taking an exotic vacation, earning an important promotion, moving to a beautiful coastal city, or building their dream home. Likewise, people tend to overestimate the misery and regret they will experience if they have a romantic breakup, don’t get into the college they want, fail to get a promotion, or develop a serious illness. Thus, the roadmap to happiness is . | 3점 |

① always changing fast ② a user’s guide to consciousness ③ a simple path paved with actions ④ already internalized in our deep minds ⑤ less clearly marked than widely assumed


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Nature has selected traits in nonsocial animals that enable them to obtain food, water, air, and other resources directly from the physical environment without the support of other animals. For social animals, nature selected for the capacity to cooperate. As a consequence, the brains of wolves differ substantially from the brains of chickens. Chickens need brains that facilitate their responses to changes in their physical environment but not brains for adjusting to changes in their fellow chickens. That is, their capacity for survival is not dependent on the cooperation of other chickens. Wolves, on the other hand, hunt in packs with established social hierarchies—the strongest wolf is at the top of the social hierarchy. Thus, the survival of wolves . | 3점 | ① is influenced by their physical environment ② is enhanced by life in the social context of the

pack ③ i s likely to be harder than the survival of chickens ④ i s guaranteed through the expansion of their territory ⑤ i s not associated with their strong social hierarchy

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A good life requires a healthy habitat in which to live, but the evidence shows that a relatively high focus on extrinsic compared to intrinsic values is associated with holding attitudes and behaving in ways that . For example, the priority placed on materialistic (extrinsic) values by U.S. and U.K. adolescents is associated with engaging less frequently in ecologically friendly behaviors such as buying second hand, recycling, riding a bicycle, reusing paper, and so on. Findings from one study of 400 North American adults showed that those who cared more about extrinsic relative to intrinsic values used more of Earth’s limited resources to meet their housing, food, and transportation lifestyle choices. Individuals high in extrinsic values also act in greedier, more ecologically destructive, and less sustainable ways when they play forest-management simulation games in the laboratory, compared to their more intrinsically oriented counterparts. | 3점 | ① ‌discourage consumption of goods ② put less importance on materialism ③ create a goal-oriented style of living ④ contribute to environmental degradation ⑤ make eco-product development difficult

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주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은?

When people face real adversity—disease, unemployment, or the disabilities of age— affection from a pet takes on new meaning. (A) ‌Animals, however, have no expectations about mental capacity. They do not worship youth. They have no memories about what the aged once were and greet them as if they were children. An old man holding a puppy can relive a childhood moment with complete accuracy. His joy and the animalʼs response are the same. (B) ‌In addition, pets are used to great advantage with the institutionalized aged. In such institutions it is difficult for the staff to retain optimism when all the patients are deteriorating. Children who visit cannot help but remember what their parents or grandparents once were and be depressed by their incapacities. (C) ‌A pet’s continuing affection becomes crucially important for those enduring hardship because it reassures them that their core essence has not been damaged. Thus pets are important in the treatment of depressed or chronically ill patients. ✽adversity

① (A)-(C)-(B) ③ (B)-(C)-(A) ⑤ (C)-(B)-(A)

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역경 ✽✽deteriorate 악화되다

② (B)-(A)-(C) ④ (C)-(A)-(B)

정답과 해설 150쪽

[36~37] 글의 흐름으로 보아, 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳을 고르시오.

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However, in other cases, we may feel that such restricted access to some technologies gives certain individuals or groups unfair advantages over others, and we seek to extend access to everyone in the society. One of the ethical problems associated with technology concerns questions of distributive justice and social equality. ( ① ) New technologies generally benefit or advantage certain groups or members of society over others—namely, those who have mastery over or access to the technology first. ( ② ) In many cases, we think that because such advantages are earned through hard work or special knowledge they are therefore deserved. ( ③ ) Public libraries, for instance, were built to ensure that everyone could obtain access to books and learning. ( ④ ) Today, we are putting computers and Internet connections into public schools for the same reason. ( ⑤ ) Questions of social justice and equality of opportunity thus can be occasioned by technological innovation.


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However, even if design on this level is a natural part of life, the distribution of talent varies. It may seem as if we define design ability as something special and unique, but at some level it is an everyday ability that all of us share. It is not the case that some people are born with design ability and some are not. ( ① ) We engage in design—we create, synthesize, shape, and envision future situations—all the time. ( ② ) We decorate our homes, build and rebuild our houses, buy clothes, and design our time and our interests. ( ③ ) Nowadays this largely means that we make our choices among ready-made consumer products, but we still design in the sense of shaping the wholeness that becomes something specific. ( ④ ) Each of us designs our lives and ourselves. ( ⑤ ) Some people are more creative and have the ability to use their imagination efficiently, some are better at seeing how things fit together in compositions, others excel at assessing the functional feasibility of a design idea. | 3점 | ✽synthesize

[38~39] 다음 글에서 전체 흐름과 관계 없는 문장을 고르시오.

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The importance of selecting ingredients for use in home canning cannot be stressed too strongly. ① The old saying that you only get back out what you put in is absolutely true when it comes to home canned foods. ② Quality ingredients are the most important factor in creating preserved foods that you will be proud to serve to your family and friends. ③ You can follow every canning procedure to the letter, use every technique known to produce the best-preserved food you possibly can, but if you use inferior ingredients, the final product will be a disappointment. ④ Microwave ovens should not be used to reheat home canned foods because safe cooking times are unknown. ⑤ The outstanding flavor found in superior preserved foods comes directly from using the very best fruits and vegetables available and by not cutting down on the quality of any ingredient.

통합하다 ✽✽feasibility 실현 가능성

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For economic reasons, many consumers in their 20s and 30s have been delaying their independence or becoming boomerangers, meaning they move

back in with their parents after college or after being on their own. ① For example, in California, more than 30 percent of children aged 18 and over now live with their parents, a significant increase over the percentage that lived with their parents in 2000. ② This trend toward “doubled-up households” isnʼt confined to the United States: In Australia, for instance, a growing number of adult children arenʼt leaving home until their mid-20s or later. ③ Boomerangers marry and settle down later and have more discretionary income to spend on entertainment because their parents pay for essentials. ④ More than half of boomerangers often express confusion, feeling both like grown-ups and not quite like grown-ups. ⑤ Compared with peers who live independently, boomerangers are more likely to buy items like a new car or the latest electronics. ✽discretionary

정답과 해설 152쪽

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다음 글의 내용을 한 문장으로 요약하고자 한다. 빈칸 (A)와 (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? | 3점 |

Interestingly, being observed has two quite distinct effects on performance. In some cases, performance is decreased, even to the point of non-existence. The extreme of this is stage fright, the sudden fear of public performance. There are many instances of well-known actors who, in mid career, develop stage fright and simply cannot perform. The other extreme is that being observed enhances performance, people doing whatever it might be better when they know that others are watching. The general rule seems to be that if one is doing something new or for the first time, then being observed while doing it detracts from performance. On the other hand, being observed while doing some task or engaging in some activity that is well known or well practiced tends to enhance performance. So, if you are learning to play a new sport, it is better to begin it alone, but when you become skilled at it, then you will probably perform better with an audience. ✽detract

자유재량의, 임의의

from ~을 손상시키다

 Whether a person is being observed or not (A) effects on his or her can have performance, and the effects usually depend on (B) of the task. the (A) ① positive …… ② different …… ③ marginal …… ④ negative …… ⑤ opposing ……

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(B) urgency complexity mastery importance familiarity


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[41~42] 다음 글을 읽고, 물음에 답하시오.

For many citizens, libraries are the one place where the information they need to be engaged in civic life is truly available for free, requiring nothing more than the time to walk into a branch. The reading room of a public library is the place where a daily newspaper, a weekly newsmagazine, and a documentary film are all available for free. In many communities, the library’s public lecture room is the only place to hear candidates for office comparing points of view or visiting professors explaining their work on climate change, immigration, or job creation. That same room is often the only place where a child from a family without a lot of money can go to see a dramatic reading or a production of a Shakespeare play. Democracies can work only if all citizens have equal access to information and culture that can help them make good choices, whether at the voting booth or in other aspects of public life. Libraries, then, are core institutions today just as they were in the nineteenth century. The knowledge that libraries offer and the help that librarians provide are the lifeblood of an informed and engaged republic. This role for libraries is just as important in big cities like Boston and New York as it is in every small town in every democracy. From the rise of the public library system in latenineteenth-century America, libraries have been the place where any citizen could go to pursue his or her own interests, free of cost.

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윗글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?

① What Do Libraries Mean to the Public? ② Libraries Are Seeking Your Involvement ③ How Libraries Deal with Massive Knowledge ④ When Was the Golden Age of Public Libraries? ⑤ ‌Democratic Movement in Library Management

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윗글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

① religious ② innovative ③ academic ④ democratic ⑤ privileged

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[43~45] 다음 글을 읽고, 물음에 답하시오.

(A) As she sat in Ms. White’s health class the beginning of her sophomore year in high school, Crystal seemed to be just another anonymous face blending into the sea of new faces that the health teacher faced every semester. (a) She seemed to have a caring quality about her that made people feel comfortable, but there was something missing or empty about the way she would sometimes stare out the window. One Friday, the teacher decided to break the monotony of the class by doing an activity she called the bumblebee drill. And she played soft music on the CD player she had brought from home. (B) The teacher started the music and witnessed a remarkable thing. One by one, the students came to join Crystal at the front of the room. Some of them hugged her. Some of them put a hand on her shoulder. Some of them just came up and stood next to (b) her. Soon the whole class stood around her. When the music stopped, Crystal stepped forward and said, “Thank you. I feel like I have a lot of friends.” Crystal was never again “just another anonymous face.” She became a friend to a lot of people that day, including the health teacher. (C) By now the whole class had stopped and was looking at Crystal. They were concerned. Ms. White asked her if any of her classmates knew this story. No, (c) she said, it was something she’d always kept to herself. The teacher asked her if she would share her story with them, and she agreed. When Crystal finished speaking, people could hear a pin drop. The teacher told the class (d) she was going to play the song again for Crystal and her 174

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mother. “Crystal may get a little sad,” she said, “but thatʼs okay because they are sad tears for happy memories.” (D) Things were going fine until a student came up to the teacher and said, “Ms. White, Crystal is crying!” She went to Crystal and found her weeping quietly as (e) she sat in her chair. “Crystal,” she whispered, “what is wrong?” “Ms. White,” she replied, “my mother passed away two days before my eighth birthday. The song that is playing was my mother’s favorite. She used to sing it to me all the time. My mother was always the one who gave me hugs and made me feel special.” “Ms. White,” she said, “I miss my mom.”

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주어진 글 (A)에 이어질 내용을 순서에 맞게 배열한 것으로 가장 적절한 것은?

① (B)-(D)-(C) ③ (C)-(D)-(B) ⑤ (D)-(C)-(B)

② (C)-(B)-(D) ④ (D)-(B)-(C)

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밑줄 친 (a)~(e) 중에서 가리키는 대상이 나머지 넷과 다른  것은?

① (a)

② (b)

③ (c)

④ (d)

⑤ (e)

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6049-0330

윗글의 Crystal에 관한 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?

① 보건 수업 중에 창밖을 응시하곤 했다. ② 학급의 전체 학생에 둘러싸여 위로받았다. ③ 그녀의 이야기를 친구들과 공유하는 것을 거절했다. ④ ‌선생님이 틀어 준 음악을 듣고 울었다. ⑤ 어렸을 때 어머니를 여의었다.


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[2016 ebs] 수능완성(본문)  
[2016 ebs] 수능완성(본문)  
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