GENOCIDE By Xander Melkonian
Genocides have been a huge problem in the past and in the present. Many people have died who didn’t deserve to – becauseof murder and starvation. My goal is to inform you about past and current genocides, and what can be done to prevent them. What is the definition of “Genocide”? Genocide is when one group attacks another group of people based on race, ethnicity, religion, and causing serious harm to them. The United Nations official definition of genocide is… Any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group, as such: Killing members of the group; Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; ...Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group. Article II Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide 1948
Some examples of Genocide from the past include the Armenian Genocide, the Holocaust during WWII, Cambodia, Bosnia, and Rwanda. In all these casesof Genocide, the persecuted group was much weaker than the groups causing the damage. In all these casesthe persecuted group fits the U.N.’s definition of “national, ethnic, racial or religious group”. For examples, during the Holocaust, 6 million Jewswere murdered. Armenians were persecuted and killed by Turkish soldiers. In Cambodia, the Khmer Rouge singled out educated people to be murdered. In more recent times, genocide is
taking place in Darfur. Currently in Sudan there is a civil war between tribes from the north and tribes from the south. The tribes from the north are mostly Muslim and the southern tribes are mostly Christian. During the civil war many civilian were caught in the crossfire. More died, and many more were displaced out of there homes, into desert-like environments. In addition, the civilians who survived faced torture and rape and the loss of their economic livelihood. Genocide Intervention, an organization dedicated to teaching others about genocide and stopping genocide provides details: 5.6 million Internally Displaced Persons within Sudan, 2.7 million displaced by the Darfur Crisis. More than 200,000 Minimum international UN estimates of conflictrelated fatalities in Darfur since 2003. At least 2,500 Killed by Intertribal violence in South Sudan in 2009. Four Warrants issued by the ICC for crimes committed in Darfur.
What are some solutions to what is happening in Darfur, and to prevent other genocides from starting? One way to help keep this situation under control is through UN Peacekeeping. The United Nation sends out soldiers to help keep the peace, preventing fighting, and helping people. Another way to help is through negotiations. Negotiations can help becausethey can stop fighting, and it’s a peaceful way to resolve conflicts. Finally, civil protection projects are another way to help. For example, Genocide Intervention is helping train civilian police forces and by helping civilians develop ways to make money, without risking leaving the protected refugee camps. If I were to inherit a fortune, I would use some of it to help stop Genocides. I would help fund the United Nations to send more peacekeepers to areas where
genocides are starting. I would also provide money to help build larger and better camps for the refugeesthat were displaced.
Sources: Genocide Intervention, http://www.genocideintervention.net/ Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, http://www.un.org/millennium/law/iv-1.htm
Published on Jun 15, 2011