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WYNPRESS TERM 3 2016


EDITORIAL We live in a world of immediate grattification. We expect our food in under fifteen minutes and our information in under two. However, we often do not take advantage of the bountiful information we have and what is the point of this easy acsess if we are not curious enough to pursue it. For the my last issue of Wynpress as editor I wanted to expose you to some things you might not have known. This issue is full of travel tips, information about your zodiac sign, books you should read and unknown histories. It is so important to stay curious and hungry for new information and experiences. It is the knowledge that you gain that will stay with you throughout your life and differentiate you in an oversaturated world where everyone is both fighting to be an individual while trying to blend in. I hope that this issue of Wynpress teaches you something and inspires you to take advantage of the information we have acsess to and learn a bit more about those things which you find interesting.

Rebekah Nathan      


Books That’ll Make You Fall in Love There are good books, there are great books, and there are books so splendid you want to crawl into the pages. There are, obviously, ones that don’t quite hit the mark but such is life. I’ve always found reading to be an important part of my life. I like to think of myself as a story, made from bits and pieces of each book I’ve read in my short lifetime. See, books shape who you are as you read them. They’re beautiful things, books. And I’d like to take an opportunity to give you a few that will hopefully give you as much as they’ve given me. So let us begin, starting from the bottom: 5. The Harry Potter Series (JK Rowling)/Lord of the Rings Series (JRR Tolkien) – These books are an example of what I like to consider a “gateway series.” While they are not singular books, these are two series that could kick-start your addiction to the wonderful drug that is words. Magic and fantasy is always an easy way to get interested in a storyline, I find. Very well-written books, these are classics with adults and children alike. 4. The Great Gatsby (F. Scott Fitzgerald) – Very well known, particularly amongst the matric students, this book is an excellent criticism of the lifestyle experienced by the rich and privileged during the Roaring 20s. What makes this novel particularly remarkable to me is the way Fitzgerald paints such vivid picture using incredibly beautiful words and phrasing. This is one of those stories you have to read carefully and thoughtfully, and I guarantee that if you read it in this way, you’ll be entranced. 3. Alias Hook (Lisa Jensen) – This book gives a fresh outlook on the classic story of Peter Pan, through the eyes of everyone’s favourite pirate. Adventure, romance, pirates – truly this book is the stuff of      

dreams. It’s the type of story that draws you in and does not let you go until you’ve reached the spectacular finale. Elegantly written, and frankly quite terrifying at times, this is a spectacular novel for those longing for a little more danger in their lives. 2. The View on the Way Down (Rebecca Wait) – Ah yes, perhaps one of the more heart-breaking novels I’ve read. This story will open up your mind as well as your heart. A particularly moving read for those who are affected by mental illness, or know those who are affected. It really helps raise awareness of the suffering many people experience at some point in their life. A divine book, I’d really recommend this to anyone whose life is affected particularly by depression. 1. Aristotle and Dante Discover the Secrets of the Universe (Benjamin Alire Sáenz) – Everyone loves a good coming-of-age story. And indeed, everyone I’ve met who has read this one has adored it. A stunning example of well-written LBGT+ fiction, this novel will bring you to your knees. It’s powerfully written, especially as many of the experiences the protagonists go through are ones that we as teenagers can relate to. I wish I could do a full review of this novel, as there’s so much to say about it. However, I feel as though it is best to allow you to experience it all for yourself. So there you have it. These are by no means the only good books in this world, just a few of my favourites at the time this article was written. Reading is a wonderful thing, friends. It broadens the mind, introduces you to the most amazing things. Not only will these books provide entertainmnet but also stop and think. By Zara Wichman


The benefits  of  travelling  

matter how  your  trip  was  spent;  you're  grateful  for  the  gift  of  life.  

Wanderlust: noun   a  strong  desire  to  travel.  

2) You  get  to  broaden  your  perspective  and  learn  more  about  humanity  

If there's  one  thing  you  should  definitely  do  as  much  as  you  can  in  life:  it’s  

understand each  other,  we  may  even  become  friends.”  –  Maya  Angelou  

travelling.

As the  quote  says,  travel  cannot  prevent  bigotry  but  what  it  does  do  is  allow  

No matter  what  the  age,  no  matter  what  kind  of  trip  you  take,  exploring  is  a  

people to  understand  one  another  and  hopefully  

must. When  a  person  travels,  they  are  going  somewhere  they've  never  been  

accept one  another  much  more.  With  travelling  

before, learning  about  the  culture,  the  people  and  even  the  food  surrounding  

comes learning,  you  get  to  learn  of  the  differences  of  

them and  taking  away  an  experience  that  opens  up  their  mind  and  gives  them  

cultures compared  to  your  own,  you  get  to  meet  

a great  story  to  tell  when  they  come  back.    

people who  can  teach  you  new  things  and  expose  

Here is  a  list  of  the  advantages  of  travelling:  

you to  something  outside  of  your  comfort  zone.  This  

1) You'll  learn  to  appreciate  life  a  little  bit  more    

type of  learning  is  irreplaceable;  you  leave  with  a  

Travelling in  itself  is  a  privilege,  but  once  you're  out  there  immersed  in  

broader mindset  and  conscious  awareness  that  while  

different environments  and  cultures  you  start  to  appreciate  life  in  a  bigger  

there are  people  and  customs  different  to  your  own,  

sense as  you  get  to  experience  a  book  full  of  amazing  moments  that  you  can  

at the  end  of  the  day  everyone  is  connected  in  some  ways.    

share with  others.  From  enjoying  your  first  

3) You  get  to  meet  new  people  

French breakfast  to  getting  lost  in  the  streets  

Leaving your  loved  ones  is  daunting,  but  an  advantage  of  stepping  out  of  your  

of Venice,  you  leave  your  destinations  with  a  

comfort zone  is  that  it  forces  you  to  extend  your  communication.  This  is  

feeling of  fulfillment  that  keeps  you  from  

especially when  you  find  yourself  lost  in  a  foreign  city;  you  don't  speak  the  

looking back  on  life  and  wishing  you  did  more.  

language, you  don't  know  the  directions  and  you  need  to  find  help.  Travelling  

Travelling gives  you  a  feeling  of  gratitude  no  

gets you  talking  to  people,  people    that  are  vastly  different  to  you  and  that  in  

     

“Perhaps travel  cannot  prevent  bigotry,  but  by  demonstrating  all  peoples  cry,   laugh,  eat,  worry,  and  die,  it  can  introduce  the  idea  that  if  we  try  and  


itself is  amazing.  While  it  may  seem  scary,  meeting  people  in  different  

5) You  become  more  resourceful  

countries is  fun.  Those  little  encounters  are  a  moment  you  hold  on  to,  who  

From personal  experience  I  can  say  that  as  a  young  teenage  girl,  travelling  for  

knows, you  might  even  get  a  lifelong  friend  out  of  it.    

the first  time  without  my  parents,  I  was  terrified.  I  thought  of  whether  I  

4) You  learn  about  yourself  

would get  lost,  whether  I  would  be  robbed  or  even  whether  I  would  come  

Travelling makes  you  realize  a  lot  of  things  about  yourself  that  you  might  not  

back alive.  Coming  back  from  my  trip  I  felt  independent;  feeling  that  I  never  

have known  when  you  were  home.  Travelling  helps  you  clear  your  mind  and  

had before  I  left.  With  travelling  comes  a  huge  sense  of  responsibility:  

reflect on  yourself  with  a  different  perspective.  The  different  environments  

budgeting, problem-­‐solving  and  adapting.  All  things  that  are  not  easy  to  do  on  

help you  disconnect  from  the  life  you're  used  to  living  every  day  and  figure  

your own.  Coming  back  to  Cape  Town  I  had  a  feeling  of  empowerment,  I  was  

out some  of  the  unanswered  questions  you  had  before  you  left.  A  person  

more street  and  money  savvy  and  I  no  longer  felt  that  I  needed  to  depend  on  

spends their  entire  lifetime  learning  about  themselves,  their  likes,  their  

my parents  for  every  little  thing.  Whether  you  were  independent  before  or  

dislikes, their  goals  and  their  dreams  but  with  travel  comes  this  incredible  

after you  left,  you  come  back  home  with  a  new  set  of  skills  and  confidence  

opportunity to  de-­‐stress,  take  a  step  back  and  view  life  in  a  new  way.  This  

and a  larger  adaptation  to  any  sort  of  change  you  encounter.      

comes from  the  moments  you  encounter,  the  things  you  learn  and  the  people  

you meet.    

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Caitlin Sasman    


BECOME A  TOURIST  IN  YOUR  OWN  TOWN     Admit  it.  You’re  getting  bored  of  the  usual  Saturday  evening  Cavendish   session  with  the  squad.  What  you  want  is  something  fun  and  new  to   do  without  the  hassle  of  bumping  into  a  wild  tourist  at  Cape  Town’s   busiest  spots  like  Table  Mountain,  V&A  Waterfront  and  Robben  Island.   Well,  luckily,  you’re  living  in  one  of  the  most  diverse  and  cosmopolitan   cities  in  the  world:  Cape  Town.  Here  are  just  a  few  things  you  can  do  in   your  hometown  without  having  to  spend  an  arm  and  a  leg.   1. Train  trip  to  Kalk  Bay-­‐  The  Western  Cape  has  one  of  the   most  beautiful  coastlines  in  the  world.  Just  hop  on  to  one  of  the   trains  on  the  Southern  line  and  make  your  way  to  Kalk  Bay.   Apart  from  Kalk  Bay  being  the  prime  selfie  destination,  you’re   also  greeted  to  yummy  ice-­‐cream  at  the  Ice  Café  and  the  train   drops  you  off  right  outside  Brass  Bell,  where  you  can  unwind   and  eat  delicious  food  with  a  beautiful  view  of  the  sea.   Train  ticket:  R20±   2. Cycle  the  promenade-­‐  Make  the  most  of  a  beautiful  day  by   renting  a  bike  by  Sea  Point  Pavilion  and  exploring  the  11km   route  parallel  to  the  ocean.  Be  sure  to  stop  off  at  The  Creamery   Café  at  Moullie  Point  along  the  way.  And  if  you  don’t  feel  like   cycling  along  the  promenade,  you  don’t  have  to!  Join  the   skaters,  joggers  and  families  picnicking  along  the  way  and  just   enjoy  yourself  and  your  surroundings.   Walk  the  promenade  for  free!   3. High  tea  at  the  Mount  Nelson-­‐  Okay,  on  a  fancier  note-­‐  If   you  have  a  couple  notes  to  spend,  make  sure  you  and  your   friends  visit  the  Mount  Nelson  for  a  High  Tea  session.  Put  on          

your best  dress  and  heels  and  just  enjoy  the  day  eating  cake   and  drinking  tea  and  taking  selfie  after  selfie.   High  Tea  session-­‐  just  over  R200pp   4. Swim  at  Silvermine-­‐  If  you’re  feeling  adventurous,  head   over  to  Silvermine  Nature  Reserve.  There  you  can:  bring  a   picnic  and  lounge  about  in  the  sun,  cool-­‐off  in  the  reservoir   (bring  your  dog  along  with  you  for  a  dip  as  certain  parts  of  the   reserve  are  dog-­‐friendly)  and  maybe  even  try  out  one  of  the   hiking  trails.  I  suggest  hiking  up  to  Elephant’s  eye,  it’s  an  easy   2,5  hour  walk  there  and  back  and  the  view  along  the  way  is   spectacular.   R40  per  adult,  R20  for  kids,  free  if  you  have  a  wildcard.   5. District  Six  Museum-­‐Explore  Cape  Town’s  history  by   visiting  the  District  Six  Museum.  This  educational  yet   interesting  outing  helps  explain  South  Africa’s  darker  history   in  an  innovative  and  interactive  way,  and  provides  a  platform   for  those  who  previously  suffered  from  years  of   subjugation  to  tell  their  story,  when  for  years   they  were  unable  to  do  so.  So  go  down  to   this  informative  museum  and  hear  their   stories.   Museum  price  for  scholars-­‐  R5   -­‐  Julliette  Austin        


Secret history Things you didn’t know were discovered by Muslims

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The   popular   narrative   we   hear   today   is   that   the   West,   that   is   Europe   and   later   North   America,   brought   ‘civilisation’   to   the   world   after   their   period   of   renaissance   from   around   1300   –   1700.  However,  there  is  a  gaping  hole  in  this  story.  Who  were   the   great   powers   before   this   period?   Where   did   the   West   get   their  ideas  and  inspiration?   Medicine:   Ibn   Sina   was   born   in   980   AD,   near   Bukhara   [now   called   Uzbekistan],   and   died   in   1037.   He   was   a   writer,   philosopher   and   physician.   His   most   notable   work   is   called   The   Canon   of   Medicine   which   contains   advanced   theories   on   kidney   and   urinary   infections   and   how   to   treat   them.   This   book   was   translated   into   Latin   200   years   after   Ibn  Sina’s  death,  and  was  later  used   as   a   reference   book   in   Europe   for   the  next  500  years!   In   the   13th   century,   Ibn   Al-­‐Nifas   refuted   the   popular   Greek   theory   that   in   the   human   body,   blood   flows   through  the  septum  of  the  heart.  He   said   that   instead,   the   lungs   are   vital   in   the   pumping   of   blood   and   that   the   septum   is   present   to   separate   the   left   and   right   sides   of   the   heart,   which   pump   blood   separately,   as   they   contain   different   concentrations   of   nutrients.   Grade   10   Life   Sciences   girls,   does   this   sound   familiar?   This   was   only   widely   accepted  by  the  West  in  the  20th  century!  

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University’s that  grant  degrees:   The   first   university   to   issue   its   students   with   a   certificate   of   qualification   after   completing   a   course   was   called   Al-­‐ Karaouine,  founded  in  859  by  Fatima  al-­‐Fihri  in  Fes,  Morocco.   Yes,   the   first   university   as   we   know   them   today   was   founded   by   a   Muslim   woman.   European   scholars   would   travel   to   Morocco  to  complete  their  degrees  in  fields  like  science,  maths,   literature,   geography   Islamic   law,   medicine,   mathematics,   astronomy,   chemistry,   history,   and   music.   Cambridge   and   Oxford  would  only  emerge  about  400  years  later.   The  irony  is  not  lost:  people  of  colour  and  women  were  largely   forbidden   from   attending   Western   universities,   whose   very   roots  stem  from  a  woman  of  colour,  until  the  late  1900s!   Mathematics:   Iranian   mathematician   Al-­‐Kwarizmi   was   extremely   influential   in  shaping  the  foundation  for  modern-­‐day  applied  maths.  One   of  his  books  was  later  Latinised  and  became  known  as  algebra   from  the  Arabic  word  ‘al-­‐jabr’,  which  was  part  of  the  title  of  his   book.   Also,   the   Latinisation   if   his   name   gave   way   to   the   word   algorithm.   His   most   famous   work   includes   factorising,   quadratic  and  cubic  equations  and  the  completing  the  square.   Sound  familiar?   One  of  Al-­‐Kwarizmi’s  multiplication  methods,  created  in  the  8th   centuary,  called  the  ‘lattice’  method  was  introduced  to  Europe   by  Fibonaci  in  the  late  12th  centuary  AD!   By  Yusra  Booley    


Bizarre traditions from around the world -

wrapped tightly from a young age to create an elongated shape. No one really knows why this was done, maybe it was because it looked nice? bi·zarre/bəәˈzär/ 4. Certain sectors of Buddhist Monks practised a process of adjective 1. very strange or unusual, especially so as to cause interest or amusement. self-mummification known as Sokushinbutsu. The monks interest or amusement. went through a process of cutting their diet down and ingesting plants which reduced bodily fluids. They would then seal themselves in a tightly fitting tomb with only an air In our weird and wonderful world there are many slightly more weird pipe and bell to indicate they were still alive each day. After things that we humans have become strangely attached to. the bell stopped ringing, the tomb was properly sealed and Traditions and customs from around the world differ drastically and the monk was mummified. some of those that follow are particularly peculiar. 5. Ancient Romans, like the Mangbetu, also went to great lengths for beauty. A favourite skin treatment of the ancient 1. In certain parts of India it is believed women born as Greeks and Romans were bathtubs full of mud and mangliks (an astrological combination of Mars and Saturn crocodile dung. This was also used as a face mask. under the seventh house) are cursed and will doom their Personally, I prefer lush but every person for their own. husband to an early death. In order to prevent this, they are 6. A Taoist celebration requires followers to walk across first married to a tree. Yes. The woman in question will burning coals in order to cleanse yourself from evil. If you marry a tree which is then cut down and burnt to rid her of perform the ritual properly, the spirits should protect you and her curse. It can be said that her first husband did meet a your feet and purify you, if you don't then you leave with very sticky end because of her. Poor tree. sore feet. 2. Straw bear day is a festival in a small part of England were 7. Maybe I got a little carried away with the strange historical men dress themselves completely in straw. Although the beauty customs but the Japanese fashion of dying their purpose and origins of this tradition are not really teeth black with a lacquer dye was too good not to include. remembered, the people seem to like the straw clad men Unlike our obsession with perfectly white teeth, the dancing for prizes too much to let it go. Japanese of the Meiji era preferred it the other way around. 3. While you may have heard of the Chinese foot binding Our world is wonderfully weird, whether it be marrying trees or traditions, you probably haven’t heard of the Mangbetu dressing in a straw suite. I hope you keep learning about custom of head binding. Admittedly not as painful but still all the unique cultures in this place we call home. rather unusual. During the custom of Lipombo, the head is Jewel Ormond

     


Women on  top   With  National  Women’s  Day  right  around  the  corner,  I  would  like  to  take  this   opportunity  to  celebrate  the  month  by  honouring  the  achievements  of   women  since  the  day  was  established  in  1995,  commemorating  the  Women’s   March  of  1956.  Coming  from  an  oppressive  background  has  stunted  the   growth  of  women  in  intellectual  and  creative  establishments.  Now,  we  are   beginning  to  experience  more  and  more  women  coming  out  of  their  shells   and  showing  the  world  what  they’re  made  of.  With  so  many  successful,   boundary-­‐  breaking  women,  it  won’t  be  difficult  to  become  inspired  this   women’s  month.   1) Wendy  Luhabe  founded  a  consultancy,  ‘Bridging  the  Gap’  in  1992  in   which  she  trained  previously  economically  disadvantaged  people  for   the  working  world.  Not  only  this  but  her  investment  company,   ‘Wiphold’  became  the  first  women-­‐owned  company  to  register  on  the   Johannesburg  Stock  Exchange.  This  has  opened  up  a  whole   opportunity  for  young  girls  to  get  involved  in  the  business  of  the   country  and  ultimately  rewrite  the  understanding  of  a  woman’s   ability  in  modern-­‐day  South  Africa.   2) Perhaps  not  familiar  to  the  youth  of  South  Africa,  but  The   Progressive  Women  Movement  has  worked  to  change  our  country   and  women’s  reputation.  With  their  aims  focusing  on  the   development  of  skills  in  young  women,  they  have  achieved  a   protection  of  human  rights.  With  women  able  to  stand  on  their  own   two  feet  and  support  themselves,  the  possibilities  are  endless.  Since   formed  in  1994,  after  the  liberation,  they  have  also  worked  at   housing  the  refugees  that  enter  South  Africa  from  other  rural  African   countries.  They  hope  to  open  up  the  same  workshops  for  them.  This   is  turn  would  help  the  refugees  create  a  life  for  themselves  with  the   benefit  of  having  working  ability.     3) Not  only  has  the  movement  had  an  effect  on  the  young  women   seeking  jobs  but  also  companies  such  as  Dimension  Data.  They  set  

     

out to  train  groups  of  women  in  regions  such  as  KwaZulu  Natal.   Here;  they  learn  fabric,  textile  and  business-­‐management  skills.   Creating  positive  results  in  these  provinces  helps  to  improve  the   lives  of  previously  disadvantaged  women  as  well  as  women  as  a   whole.     4) Empowering  female  figures  in  South  Africa  are  not  too  rare  and  Futhi   Mtoba  is  certainly  a  name  you  should  have  heard  of.  As  successful   chairwoman  of  accounting  firm  ‘Deloitte  and  Touche’  she  is  leading   the  business  of  South  Africa  into  one  of  high  investment  and   reputation.  Not  only  this  but  she  is  also  the  first  woman  national   president  of  the  esteemed  Association  for  the  Advancement  of   Accountants  in  Southern  Africa.  She  is  certainly  a  qualified  leader.       5) The  SABC  2  Women  of  The  Year  Award  recipient  is  a  more  than   worthy  candidate.  While  struggling  with  cerebral  palsy,  she  has  used   her  disorder  to  create  an  organisation  that  empowers  young  men   and  women.  The  disorder  is  one  that  affects  both  speech  and   movement  and  as  a  result,  has  been  an  area  of  focus  but  she  has   worked  hard  to  overcome  it.  If  this  is  not  inspirational  enough  she  is   also  an  ambassador  for  the  National  Youth  Power  Against  HIV  and   Aids,  which  helps  to  create  awareness  and  ultimately  fight  the   disease.  While  these  women  and  organisations  have  created   significant  progress  in  the  development  of  women  there  is  still  much   that  needs  to  be  addressed  in  South  Africa  in  terms  of  our  women.   Hopefully,  while  working  together,  we  will  have  the  strength  and   power  to  make  a  change  for  the   better  and  overcome  the   struggles  our  sex  has  been  faced   with  since  the  beginning  of   time.       Juliet  Stromin  


Put your best foot(print) forward Whatever you put online leaves a digital footprint or trail. You leave traces of yourself and your activities after using the internet. People are able to search you on the internet, even if you don’t have a Twitter, Facebook, or Instagram account, because you could have been mentioned in a post, on a website, etc. With technology becoming an important part in many lives, and the use of the internet steadily increasing, it is important to know what we actually put out there for, basically, the entire world to see. If you researched yourself right now, would (a slightly older, wiser) you like what you saw? Would you jump around thinking, “Yes! Finally famous!” Or would you take a deeper look into exactly why you are so “famous?” Or maybe there were no search results for you... in that case: “no news is good news”...right? In a while, we will be submitting college, university, or job applications, and some companies are actually looking at those pictures, comments, searches, every trace that you left behind. Are you giving them a positive impression of the (hopefully) amazing person that you are, or are you letting them and the rest of the world’s prying, greedy eyes in on something a bit more... “unpleasing?”

3.Don’t share things that don’t need to be shared: Don’t overshare what you don’t have to, and do not share your passwords. Nothing is worse than having to take the blame for something you didn’t do. 4.Use different passwords for different sites: Try a password keeper. 5.Google yourself 6.Keep track of all of your accounts: Monitor what access you are giving to web sites, who is commenting, what is being posted, etc. 7.Try using another email address: Use this for things, people, and websites you are not used to. 8.But then again, you don’t need 27 em ail addresses: Try to be able to manage everything. How are you meant to manage your image and digital trail, if you are first trying to manage all of your email addresses? 9.Understand that there is no going back after releasing som ething. I’m sure you’ve heard that the internet never forgets... 10.W rap your head around the concept that once it’s out there, it’s out there It’s an easy thing to do, and nobody is saying that you should avoid the internet like the plague, but know that everything you do comes with an effect. Whether it is good or bad, though, is entirely up to you.

Many people were negatively affected when their digital trail was looked at (about 33%), because once something gets released on the internet (no matter what you think) it can never be deleted. But here are easy ways to protect your digital record: 1.Use privacy settings: Find a way to control your accounts. 2.Remember all those accounts you signed up for: It is probably best to delete all the accounts that you are not using

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Muminah Salie


Use apps  and  programs  that  will  help  you   avoid  distractions.     In  this  age  of  technology,  we  have  more   distractions  than  ever  before.    If  you  are  using   your  device    for  study  purposes,  first  be  sure  that  it   is  on  silent  s  o  that  you  are  not  tempted  to  check  it   for  notifications.  Secondly,  you  can  download  apps     to  limit  your  activity  on  your   and  programs   devices  for  a  certain  period  of  time.  If  you  are  not     using  your  device,  however,  switch  it  off  and  out  it   somewhere    out  of  sight  so  that  you  cannot  reach   for  it  every  5  minutes.    

Listen to  Baroque  music.    

Even if  you  aren’t    someone  that  likes  to  study  in  advance,  a  good   technique  to  employ  is  to  summarise  the  key  aspects  of  a  subject   on  post-­‐its  and  then  stick  them  up  in  places  where  you  will  see   them  every  day.  That  way,  even  if  you  don’t  have  the  time  to   study  every  day  in  the  weeks  before  an  exam,  you  can  still  take  in   the  key  information  during  the  fleeting  moments  of  your  day,  and   build  up  your  memory.   Meg  Anderton  

Imagine yourself  in  a  peaceful  place.     With  our  busy  lives,  it  is  often  difficult,  when  it     comes  to  studying,  to  clear  our  heads  and     on  nothing  but  the  work.  Take  a  few   concentrate   minutes,  before  you  start,  to  clear  your  head.     Close  your  eyes,  take  some  deep  breaths  and   imagine  yourself   walking  through  a  forest  or     beside  a  river.    This  will  help  you  to  clear  your   mind  and    study  efficiently.      

Use post-­‐it  notes.    

Baroque music  generally  has  50  to   80  beats  per  minute  with  rhythms   that  are  perfect  for  establishing     an   atmosphere  of  concentration  and   focus.  It  also  has  melodies  that,  while     beautiful,  are  complex  and  therefore   not  easy  to  hum  and  so  do  not     distract  you  in  this  sense.    

Did you  know?    

Tips and  tricks  t  o  improve   your  memory  a   nd  study     efficiency.  

Chew gum.     Often,  when  sitting  at  a  desk  for  an  extended   period  of  time,  one  feels  the  need  to  move   around  and  so  it  is  easy  to  get  distracted.   Chew  gum  a   s  a  way  to  stimulate  the  mind  and   keep  yourself  focused.    

      diagrams  and/or  mindmaps.     Use  flow  

Use the  Roman  Room  technique.  

This is  p  ossibly  one  of  the  most  effective  study   techniques.   Both  flow  diagrams  and  midmaps     present  effective  ways  of  summarising     information   and  presenting  it  in  such  a  way  that   it  can  almost   be  seen  when  one  closes  their  eyes.     Colour  c  oding  also  helps  here,  but  don’t  allow   the  highlighter   to  fool  you,  more  colour  does  not     correlate     to  the  amount  of  information  retained;   indeed,  it  often  has  the  opposite  effect.    

Imagine a  room  that  you  know  well  (your  bedroom,   most  probably).  In  this  room,  there  are  objects  in   known  positions.  This  technique  involves  associating   the  information  that  one  needs  to  remember  with  the   objects  in  the  room.  In  this  way,  when  taking  a  virtual   tour  around  a  room  in  one’s  mind,  key  words  can  be   triggered  and  information  remembered.  There  is   plenty  of  information  about  this  technique  on  the   Internet  –  it  is  well  worth  the  read!  

Meg Anderton  


T H E S O U T H A F R IC A N JU S T IC E S Y S TE M In the light of the people like Oscar Pistorius, Shrien Dewani and Christopher Panayiotou, the eyes of the world’s media has been on South Africa. Countless articles have been written; pictures taken and tweets tweeted about our courts and how they operate. In today’s digital day and age, it comes as no surprise as this information is readily available on a host of Wikipedia pages and social networking accounts. But how much do South Africans really know about their own justice system? In a country that boasts sky high crime rates and the “Rape Capital of the World” one would think we would be clued in on exactly how justice is served however there still seems to be this perception that a court is a place where lawyers march around and object at every opportunity, much like the exciting, fast-paced American dramas we are exposed to. However, the reality of the matter is completely different. Here are a few facts on our court system and how justice really gets dished out. We have no jury system Trial by jury was abolished in 1969 mainly due to the complex race relations amongst South Africans at the time, which could possibly lead to people receiving an unfair trial based on discrimination. Trial by jury was also abolished because of the fact that people were unwilling to serve on juries, as a jury is made up of laymen, not involved in the legal profession. Instead, South Africa has a judge or magistrate that convicts, acquits and sentences offenders. This magistrate or judge is usually assisted by two assessors, who are usually experts in the field of the trial. These assessors are allowed to assist the judge when it comes to points of fact (such as whether he was drunk on the night he committed the crime or not) and not points of law (such as whether a certain law is applicable to a situation). The judge’s decision, however, is final and the assessors are not allowed to vote on what gets decided. We have traditional courts. Traditional courts are located in traditional communities, which are usually in rural areas. These courts were previously known as “chief’s courts”. Traditional

leaders are allowed to make decisions and pass judgment much in the same way a Magistrate would, provided that they stay within the limits of the constitution as set out in the Repeal of the Black Administration Act and Amendment of Certain Laws Act, 2005 (Act 28 of 2005). We have one of the most advanced Constitutions in the world. Being a country that came out of the Struggle, careful attention was paid to how the constitution was set out in order to prevent discrimination. Our constitution contains a Bill of Rights that lay out the rights and responsibilities of all citizens. Admittedly our constitution is not perfect, but it is leaps and bounds away from those of other countries when it comes to issues of inclusivity. Our court system. South Africa has a number of courts operating in different regions and provinces, but the main structure of our court system is as follows: Magistrates Court: These courts are located in every region in each province. All offences committed in that area get referred there first, regardless of severity and steps get taken to determine if the case will be heard there or referred to a higher court. High Courts: Each province has a high court that hears the most severe crimes committed in the province. Cases get referred up to these courts depending on severity or if there is an appeal from the Magistrates court. Supreme Court of Appeal: Judgments on cases that have been appealed from the high courts get sent to the SCA. This court is located in Bloemfontein and leave to appeal by means of an application process will need to be granted before this court will hear any case. 4-5 judges usually sit on the bench and decisions are made by means of a vote. Constitutional Court: The constitutional court is the highest court in the country. Human Rights issues are usually heard in this court after the case has been through all the lower courts. 11 judges sit on a case and voting is done in the same way as at the SCA. The Constitutional Court focuses on ensuring justice and rules without fear. The South African justice system is one that has been under a lot of scrutiny lately and is absolutely not perfect, but it is important to be aware of the system meant to protect our nation. Stacey Goliath

     


Let's discuss the Zodiac!

others perceive us. This is why we have a sun sign and a moon sign.

Here is a big secret: HOROSCOPE CREATORS USE IDENTIFIERS.

We are spiritual beings walking the earth in the form of humans; each interconnected with one another and the universe. Our sun signs – i.e. our souls – are based on our dates of birth and can be considered the outward portrayal we give of ourselves, thus it is our personalities, and what others see. Our moon signs – i.e. our hearts – are based on deeper factors and represent our instinctive emotional existence; the side of us that tends to come out in situations that threaten our comfort zones.

In other words, arb yet vague 'predictions' are made for each sign. These predictions, which if compared to one another are clearly very similar for each sign, are ones with which each star sign can identify. In this way, everyone succumbs to the belief that the described events resonate personally with them. Never confuse the significance of the Zodiac to that of horoscopes supposedly based on them. Now that the truth is out of the way, stop simply looking at your monthly horoscopes! Look beyond yourself, what you know and what you think others see. Look as far as you can into your soul. Why? Because only you can understand it. Although, during childhood, we can be strictly classified – as this is when we most display who we are at heart – it is unrealistic to box anyone into a single category or star sign. After all, as people, we are shaped by our ancestors, birth dates and experiences and are constantly in a state of growth. Hence, it comes down to how we see ourselves and how

Essentially, your sun sign is a reflection of your selfexpression and your moon sign is a reflection of your selfidentity. If you ever wonder why someone who shares your star sign is so different from you, it is probably because your moon signs differ. Calculating your moon sign, however, is a further journey of self-discovery, and is best determined individually. Using your date of birth, your sun sign and its predominant characteristics can be determined. Do these resonate with you?

By: Tamia  Morgan  

     


Pokémon Go : The ongoing controversy of the ambiguity of the worldwide sensation By Zayyaan  Esau       At  the  beginning  of  July  2016,  Niantic,  Inc.  captivated   the  world  with  their  latest  hit,  the  free  app,  Pokémon   Go.  The  release  of  the  app  reignited  the  passion  of   many  diehard  Pokémon  fans,  whilst  introducing  the   concept  to  the  new  generation.  Needless  to  say,  the   iconic  franchise  has  increased  considerably  in  their  fan   base  and  popularity.     Introduced  as  a  game  where  one  can  walk  around  and   find  Pokémon  at  Pokéstops,  it  encourages  fitness  and   interaction  with  the  surrounding  environment.  While   that  may  seem  good,  the  question  that  many  parents   are  concerned  with,  is  whether  Pokémon  Go  is  safe  to   play  for  their  children.     Accompanied  by  the  increase  in  downloads  of   Pokémon  Go,  the  rate  of  crimes  related  to  the  app  has          

increased exponentially.  These  crimes  include,   molesting,  death,  robberies,  abductions,  car  accidents   as  well  as  minor  crimes,  such  as  children  neglecting   school  work  to  find  Pokémon.     In  Guatemala,  Central  America,  Jerson  Lopez  de  Leon,   aged  18  broke  into  a  house  to  catch  a  Pokémon  and   was  claimed  to  have  been  shot  dead  on  scene.  His   death  is  one  of  many  due  to  something  as  diminutive  as   Pokémon  Go.     It  is  clear  to  see  why  parents  and  members  in  society   are  sceptical  about  this  “innocent”  child’s  game.     At  the  end  of  the  day,  is  Pokémon  Go  really  worth   playing?          

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