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Volume 28 Number 37 • January 14, 2017


The Weekly News Source for Wyoming’s Ranchers, Farmers and AgriBusiness Community •

A Look Inside Young producers highlighted the keys to success during an early December panel discussion.....................Page A10 Ranch profitability is a complex concept, and UW Extension Economist John Ritten says that both costs and revenues must be considered...........................Page A14 The Public Lands Council and National Cattlemen’s Beef Association developed priorities for the Trump administration to consider in managing federal lands.........Page B1 When deworming, researchers encourage livestock producers to understand the implications of using alternative products to address parasite resistance...................Page B4

Mead: State of Wyoming strong, despite financial challenges Cheyenne – The 64th Wyoming Legislature launched the 2017 General Session with the 2017 State of the State Address by Gov. Matt Mead. Mead said, “I’m privileged today to give my

seventh State of the State Address to the joint session of this new legislature, Wyoming’s 64th.” “There are new leaders and new faces,” he continued. “There is new energy that comes with adding new

Officials in Montana have confirmed a case of avian influenza in a mallard duck harvested by a hunter, although the precise strain has yet to be determined, according to the Montana Department of Livestock and the Billings Gazette.

Please see MEAD on page A15

Wyo youth break records, earn top honors through opening weekend of NWSS Denver, Colo. – As the 111th National Western Stock Show (NWSS) comes into full swing, youth and adults alike from Uinta County to Crook County are representing Wyoming in the nationally recognized event from Jan. 7-22. The opening weekend of NWSS featured numerous events, including the Western National Roundup 4-H and FFA contests, the Red Angus Junior Show and the Catch-

A-Calf Show.

Catch-A-Calf Natrona County 4-H’er Michaela Fleming competed in the Catch-A-Calf show with her steer Concho that she caught in January 2016, earning 10th place overall. She explains that program participants first catch their calf at NWSS during one of the rodeo perforPlease see NWSS on page A6

Representing Wyoming - Cattle, sheep and goat producers from across the state of Wyoming will represent their operation and the state at the National Western Stock Show in Denver, Colo. Silver Spur Ranches brought a lineup of Red Angus cattle during the opening weekend of the event. Emilee Gibb photo

Trends in beef moving in and out of the U.S. during November were higher when compared to a year earlier. Imports were up 13% on a tonnage basis, the first monthly year-overyear increase in 2016. Beef export volume in November reached the highest level since July 2013. Beef purchases by Japan, South Korea and Hong Kong account for most of the gain. In total, beef exports were up 23% from the prior November.

Snowpack for the week of Jan. 2-8 increased from 109% of median to 118%, and Natural Resources Conservation Service Water Supply Specialist Lee Hackleman noted, “This looks very promising so far this year. Almost every basin increased. This coming week shows enough snow showers that we should be able to maintain our high snowpack.”

though we face challenging times, Wyoming remains strong,” Mead emphasized. “Our state has prepared well for times of lower revenue, and our citizens continue to do great things, contributing

High scoring

Quick Bits

Funds from the Wyoming Lottery Corporation’s revenue were transferred to the Wyoming State Treasurer’s Office on Jan. 9. Funds from the Wyoming Lottery Corporation’s revenue were transferred to the Wyoming State Treasurer’s Office on Jan. 9.

people to the mix. To the first-time legislators, welcome. You have joined a distinguished group. To returning legislators, welcome back.” “On the state of the State, I am pleased to report that,

Trade policy

USMEF explore possible impacts of Trump administration on ag exports Fort Collins, Colo. – As the beginning of a new presidential administration approaches, those in the agricultural industry around the U.S. wait to see how the Trump administration will impact agricultural exports with their trade policies. During the International Livestock Forum on Jan. 6-7, U.S. Meat Export Federation Trade Access Senior Vice President Thad Lively gave a summary of what producers can most likely expect under President-elect Donald Trump’s trade policy. Aggressive approach “Trump’s priorities for his economic policy are not going to seem that radical – grow the economy, create jobs, reduce the trade deficit and strengthen the U.S. manufacturing base. It’s hard to argue with that,” commented Lively. However, Trump's plans to achieve priorities are more controversial, said Lively, noting that he does not hesitate to use the term, “America, first.” “He’s going to pursue 'buy American' and 'hire American' programs. That’s what his industrial policy will be all about,” he explained. The Trump administration will be aggressive in their use of trade remedy cases. “There are certain things they can do through the World Please see TRADE on page A7

Park Co. wins national contest Park County’s 4-H Livestock Judging Team won the senior division at the 33-team Arizona National Livestock Show Judging Contest, and three of its members placed in the top 10 individually out of 141 contestants. McKennah Buck, Logan Mehling, Hayden O’Hara and Bronson Smith competed in the contest New Year’s Eve in Phoenix, Ariz. said Tycee Mohler, Park County 4-H educator. Mehling and O’Hara placed fifth and sixth, and Smith was ninth overall. Park County hasn’t had a champion senior judging team since 2006 at either the state or national level, said Mohler, who coaches the team.

Specht: Generational transfer top for young producers “Only two things matter in family ranch succession planning, and they are perceptions and expectations,” said Family Dynamics National Development Manager Dave Specht. In a presentation geared toward the next generation of ranch owners, Specht discussed important steps for future producers to implement for generational transfer. Family system “I want next generation ranch owners to write down names of people in their family system to understand who fits where,” said Specht. When working with key parties in ranch succession, Specht advised creating a three-circle Venn diagram, with circles titled family, ranch and owner.

Individuals who fit into the first category are family members who do not have ownership of the ranch and do not work on the ranch. The second category, which is rare in agricultural operations, includes an individuals who have some ownership of the ranch but are not members of the family and do not work on the ranch. Members of group three are those who actively work on the ranch, are not part of the family and do not have ownership. The fourth group of people is family members who have some ownership in the ranch but do not actively work on the ranch, whereas group five includes individuals who work on the ranch and have some ownership but are not part of the


Top team – Members of the Park County 4-H Senior Livestock Judging team are, from left, Logan Mehling, Hayden O’Hara, Bronson Smith, McKennah Buck. Courtesy photo


Please see SPECHT on page A11


Volume 28 No. 37 • January 14, 2017

Your Responsibility Our Wyoming State Legislature started this week, with Gov. Matt Mead’s State of the State address on Jan. 11. The House and Senate convened at noon that day and will meet until March 3. Although last year was the From the budget session, dollars will be the Publisher main topic this year, too. Dennis Sun One of the main topics will be how to fund our K-12 schools. One hears that Gov. Mead and the legislators really don’t have a plan as of yet, but that issue will be for the legislative process to work out. You can bet that there are some good ideas going around the Capitol, and if not, they don’t let on to us. The K-12 schools will face a $400 million shortfall in the years ahead. So how do we deal with that amount every year? Along with that, school construction dollars are about gone, I hear. How do we maintain all the newer schools that have been built the last few years? Who would have ever thought that a time would come where the President of the U.S. would stop leasing coal on federal mineral rights and tax the electrical generating plants for burning coal? Instead of burrowing their head in the sand, the federal government needs to help states more find ways to burn the coal with less carbon. If we went to the moon, we ought to be able to find ways to develop clean coal and not destroy the states and towns who have the coal to mine. Raising property taxes is not a popular idea, nor is having a state income tax. In fact, raising any taxes will not get you a free cup of coffee. I have always supported raising the sales taxes, if needed. It is a fair way to make sure we all pay and that one industry or age class doesn’t get nailed. And it is a fair way that taxes everyone who comes and enjoys what we have to offer as a state, such as good roads, scenery and good people. Besides school funding, the legislators have to find a way to come up with $80 million to repair the State Penitentiary in Rawlins. Remember, they built it on unstable ground 15 years ago, kind of like some schools around the state. That is a huge problem that will take some discussion. The state has some rainy day accounts with not much policy on when and how to spend those funds. That, too, needs to be debated. There are those who just blame the Republicans for not want wanting to spend those accounts. Remember, under our state constitution, we have to balance the state budget every two years. Spending money like our federal government will just get us in trouble, affecting Republicans, Democrats and all. One thing we all can do as citizens is to get to know our legislators. Whether you are in agriculture or not, we all belong to some organization or group, and most of them have receptions for the legislators and our elected officials. It is our responsibility to get to Cheyenne, pony up, attend those receptions and get to know the legislators and state officials. And don’t just tell your representatives and senators how you disagree with them. Give them a “‘Atta boy” or pat on the back, and do the same for your lobbyists. They all do a very hard service to the state.

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GUEST OPINIONS Why Doesn’t the Beef Checkoff Promote U.S. Beef Domestically? By Chaley Harney, Montana Beef Council Executive Director There has been a lot of recent discussion in the media among producers about why the beef checkoff doesn’t specifically promote “U.S. beef” in its domestic advertisements and promotions. We would like to provide some information that might help checkoff investors better understand why that is. It’s important to remember that state beef councils and the Cattlemen’s Beef Board all operate under the requirements of the Beef Act and Order – the enabling legislation under which our checkoff operates – and must remain in compliance with those documents. The Act states the purpose of the Beef Checkoff Program as “carrying out a coordinated program of promotion and research designed to strengthen the beef industry’s position in the marketplace and to maintain and expand domestic and foreign markets and uses for beef and beef products.” In the domestic market, the role is to nourish the growth of consumer demand for beef and beef products in general, not just a particular category of beef. The Act and Order further require all importers of live cattle, beef and beef products to pay the equivalent of onedollar-per-head on those imports. Those assessments have added an average of $6.9 million per year to the national beef-checkoff budget during the last decade. And the “Guidelines for the Approval of Programs Under the Beef Promotion and Research Act” state, in Section III, that since

producers and importers subject to the beef checkoff assessment are required to contribute under the Act, “expenditures of checkoff funds should benefit the entire industry.” The mission of the checkoff is to build demand for beef among consumers by serving as a catalyst to provide consumers with beef research, information and promotion of beef, in general – on the tenet that “a rising tide lifts all boats.” In other words, protecting general beef demand opens the door for individual producers, importers or companies to serve and promote to their favored niche markets – such as local, grass- or grain-finished, antibiotic-free and the like – if they want more specific branding. To maintain quality standards of the entire domestic beef supply, cattle imported to the United States, regardless of its country of origin, must meet the same USDA Food Safety Inspection Service (FSIS) and Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) standards that beef produced in the U.S. must meet. Under statutory authority, APHIS and USDA Veterinary Services monitor the health of all cattle, including semen and embryos, and beef and beef products that are imported to the U.S. Importers must meet requirements of an Import Checklist and obtain a veterinary permit for import of materials derived from cattle to ensure animal and meat health and safety. Why Imports? Let’s address one more topic at the very base of this that Please see BEEF on page A10

Volume 28 No. 37 • January 14, 2017


Children cost $234,000

NEWS BRIEFS NWSS sees attendance record The National Western Stock Show (NWSS) announced the second highest opening weekend attendance in Stock Show history with 95,806 guests. The number is just 1,293 shy of last year’s opening weekend attendance record. The grounds were filled with families and guests of all ages enjoying everything from pro rodeos and horse shows to baby animals and stick horse races. “A huge thank you to our stock show fans that came out to help us kick-off the 111th Stock Show this weekend,” said Paul Andrews, president and CEO of the NWSS. “We realize the value of family time, and we appreciate that people and their families choose to spend it with us”.

DeTye awards scholarship To recognize the importance of our youth, DeTye Vet Supply is giving back to the producers who have been a huge part of their success by giving a $1,000 college scholarship to one of their customers or a child of one of their customers. DeTye Vet Supply is proud to offer the 2016 DeTye Vet Supply Scholarship to Jessica Ryan, daughter of Scott and Tami Ryan of Belle Fourche, S.D. Ryan is in her second semester at Black Hills State University in Spearfish, S.D majoring in Exercise Science/Physical Therapy. DeTye Vet Supply was established in 2001 by owners Tyler and Dee Haugen. They have made it their mission to offer animal health products at super prices and incredible service. To receive a free DeTye Vet Supply catalog or if you are interested in applying for the 2017 DeTye Vet Supply Scholarship please call 866-438-7541.

Brand renewal ends Wyoming livestock brands due for renewal in 2017 are

now expired as of Dec. 31, 2016. However, a grace period has been granted until midnight on March 1 to renew brands. Make sure brand renewals are postmarked by midnight March 1 to avoid a late fee on renewal. All brands renewed after midnight on March 1 will cost an additional $150 on top of the $300 renewal fee. The Wyoming Livestock Board will be sending a certified letter containing a second brand renewal notice to those producers who have a brand due for renewal and did not renewal their brands prior to January 31, 2016. There were approximately 8,409 livestock brands that needed renewal in 2017. As of Jan. 9, 4, 723 brands have been renewed. Approximately 587 brand notices were returned to the Wyoming Livestock Board as undeliverable. To check and see if your notice may have been returned due to an address change, please visit under brand recording. There is a list of names whose brand renewal notices were returned to the office marked undeliverable. For questions concerning a brand, please call the Wyoming Livestock Board at 307-777-7515 or 307- 777-7516.

On Jan. 9, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) released the 2015 Expenditures on Children by Families report, also known as “The Cost of Raising a Child.” The report, developed by economists at USDA’s Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion (CNPP), estimates that for a child born in 2015, a middle-income, married-couple family will spend between $12,350 and $13,900 annually in 2015 dollars – or $233,610 from birth through age 17 – on child-rearing expenses. Families with lower incomes are expected to spend $174,690, and families with higher incomes are expected to spend $372,210 from birth through age 17. Many state governments use this annual report, first issued in 1960, as a resource in determining child support and foster care guidelines. As the economy continues to improve, USDA is committed to supporting the nutrition and health of individuals and families through our research and programs,” said Kevin Concannon, Under Secretary for Food, Nutrition and Consumer Services.

UI receives ag funding

Idaho’s economically important agricultural and food processing industries and the environment will be the focus of a new $45 million research and education initiative led by the University of Idaho (UI). The Idaho Center for Agriculture, Food and the Environment (CAFE) was included in Gov. C.L. “Butch” Otter’s State of the State message. The Governor recommended that the state this year invest $10 million in the center. UI and other partners will identify funding for the other two-thirds of the project, which is planned in the Magic Valley near Twin Falls, Idaho. CAFE will focus on environmental solutions, economic development and educational opportunities to ensure the sustainability of livestock and crop agriculture and food processing in Idaho.

Grizzly decision delayed

Dee Haugen and Jessica Ryan

Federal officials are delaying their decision on whether to lift protections for more than 700 grizzly bears in and around Yellowstone National Park and allow hunting, partly due to opposition from dozens of American Indian tribes and conservation groups. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Assistant Regional Director Michael Thabault said it could take another six months after the agency received more than 650,000 public comments. More than 100 Yellowstone-area grizzlies have been killed in the past two years, often by wildlife managers following attacks on livestock.

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Volume 28 No. 37 • January 14, 2017

Wyo sees water gains

NEWS BRIEFS BLM releases draft list The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Wyoming released a Draft Presumed to Conform List of actions for the Upper Green River Basin (UGRB) ozone nonattainment area located in western Wyoming. BLM is seeking public input on the draft list to assist the agency in preparing a well-informed final list, which will streamline environmental review efforts and eliminate unnecessary costs associated with evaluating common, recurring actions with minimal emissions. Through the development of the Presumed to Conform List, BLM will be able to eliminate the need for further evaluation of the actions on the list and apply more resources and time analyzing proposed actions that produce significant emissions levels or may adversely impact air quality in the UGRB. The presumed to conform list and supporting documentation are available at

Radon awareness is top January is National Radon Action Month, when the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) joins with state, tribal and local public health agencies to encourage all Americans to test their homes for radon. Exposure to radon in indoor air is the second leading cause of lung cancer. Test your home and make 2017 a safer and healthier year. “January is the time when we remind everyone to ‘test, fix and save a life.’ That’s because lung cancer due to radon can be prevented by testing and, if needed, fixing homes. It’s a simple and important way to help safeguard a family’s health,” said Jon Edwards, director of EPA’s Office of Radiation and Indoor Air. “Testing is inexpensive and test kits are readily available and easy to use. Reducing a family’s exposure to radon provides peace of mind, knowing that we're doing the right thing to help avoid the toll taken by radon-induced lung cancer.” Every year an estimated 21,000 Americans die from lung cancer due to radon exposure.

Tests needed in DSA only

In the Jan. 7 edition of the Roundup, the cover article titled “Brucellosis rules: New cattle testing requirements went into effect in 2017,” we failed to clarify that the new brucellosis testing requirements only apply to producers within the Designated Surveillance Area (DSA). Testing is not required statewide. The updated Chapter Two rules, which took effect Jan. 1, require that producers within the Designated Surveillance Area test all heifers 12 months of age and older for brucellosis. Direct any questions regarding this rule change to Wyoming State Veterinarian Jim Logan at 307-857-4140 or

Legislature to meet on Jan. 16 Although state offices will be closed on Jan. 16, the Wyoming Legislature is scheduled to convene on Martin Luther King Jr. Equality Day. All committee meetings and floor sessions will be held as normal, and the Legislative Service Office will be open regular business hours. For a complete agenda of Jan. 16’s legislative business, visit the Legislature’s Website

SLIB to consider requests

The State Loan and Investment Board will make final decisions on four Business Ready Community (BRC) grant and loan requests at its 8 a.m. meeting on Jan. 19 in Room 1699 in the Herschler Building in Cheyenne. Board meeting materials are available for review at Grants that are being considered include a Business Committed Grant from Laramie for a 20,000 square foot building, Community Readiness Grants from Laramie and Lincoln County Economic Development JPB and a Community Enhancement Grant from Old Pen JPB. For more information on these projects, contact the Wyoming Business Council at or 800-262-3425.

According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, December 2016 precipitation totals across Wyoming were 170 to 180 percent of average. Precipitation numbers varied between 255 percent of normal over the Wind River Drainage to near 120 percent of normal over the Little Snake Watershed in south-central Wyoming. October to December 2016 precipitation across Wyoming is 110 to 115 percent of average. Mountain snowpack across Wyoming was 105 to 110 percent of median by early January. Snowpack “water” numbers (SWEs) were the highest across basins in central through western Wyoming – varying between 115 to 145 percent of median. SWEs across basins in southeastern Wyoming were near to 100 percent of median. SWEs across the Powder River Basin were 80 percent of median. Above normal snowmelt streamflow volumes are expected across almost all major basins across Wyoming. Reservoir storages across Wyoming are above average at 115 to 125 percent for January.

Program focuses on livestock Two days of workshops ranging from livestock and land resource management to worker protection standards are Jan. 25-26 in Evanston. University of Wyoming (UW) Extension and Utah State University Extension are collaborating for Wyoming/ Utah Ag Days at the historic Evanston Roundhouse, said Bridger Feuz, UW Extension educator based in Uinta County. “It’s a great program for producers in western Wyoming and northern Utah,” he said. Jan. 25 sessions include Wyoming ranch tools, managing beef cows, improved irrigated pastures, soil health, grazing as a fuel reduction tool, sagebrush treatments for livestock and sage grouse and a cattle market outlook by Feuz during lunch. Feuz specializes in livestock marketing. Additional sessions on Jan. 26 include worker protection standards, ranch horse care, evaluating farm/ranch financial health, biosecurity at horse shows, veterinary feed directive and a lunchtime sheep market outlook by Feuz. The event, including lunch, is free. For more information or to RSVP for lunch, call the Uinta County Extension Office at 307-783-0570.


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Volume 28 No. 37 • January 14, 2017

POSTCARD from the Past

Compiled by Dick Perue

Bull named ‘Wyoming’ Grand Champion of 1916 Denver Stock Show With the 2017 National Western Stock Show in full swing, headlines and articles on the internet proclaim, “The National Western Stock Show is considered the Super Bowl of Livestock Shows as one of the World’s Largest Cattle Shows! The National Western Stock Show hosts nearly 20 breeds of cattle during its 16-day run. Visitors are able to view traditional competition among exhibitors of breeding animals ultimately used for seedstock in agricultural production, including beef cattle, sheep and goats. Viewing these events is all part of the Stock Show experience and can be done with a grounds admission ticket.” Hundreds of exhibitors and viewers from across Wyoming have enjoyed the National Western Stock Show for over a century. Following is an article from the hometown newspaper 100 years ago. Registered Hereford bulls from the fertile Upper North Platte River Valley in south

central Wyoming captured several top prizes at the 1916 Denver (Colorado) Stock Show. Grand Champion Hereford bull was “Wyoming,” a senior yearling sired by Beau Carlos II from the Davis Ranch located along the North Platte River between Saratoga and Encampment. The bull was bred and shown by ranch owner L.G. Davis and sold in the livestock sale for $5,000 – the highest price ever paid for a bull at that time. Capt. Davis Progressive Rancher According to an article in “The Saratoga Sun,” Cap. Davis established the JX ranch, eight miles south of Saratoga, on the North Platte about 1900. He was known as “Captain” after returning from serving with Teddy Roosevelt and the Rough Riders in the Spanish American War. Enterprising and energetic, Davis experimented successfully with irrigation and the raising and feeding of alfalfa and native hay. Irriga-


tion ditches he plowed at the turn of the last century are still in use today. His Hereford cattle gained a national reputation, and in addition to topping the Denver sale, he also received the highest price paid for a carload of steers at the Kansas City market in the 1910s. When he established the valley’s first herd of over 100 registered Hereford cattle, the “Laramie Boomerang” newspaper reported that he had started a Hereford breeding revolution: The cattle were a departure from those of the past – heavier bone, shorter legs, longer barrel and heavier weight,” all of which contributed to greater meat development. Louis Grant Davis married Helen Elizabeth Turnbull in 1891 in Saratoga. She came from Illinois to teach in the valley. She was a college graduate, which was most unusual for women at that time, according to a family history account. They had two children, Dorothea and Robert

(Bob). Lou was one of the most colorful and well-known members of the town of Saratoga, and he and his wife frequently entertained the governor and well-known leaders of the state at the Davis Ranch. An undated picture in the Martin/Perue collection shows President Teddy Roosevelt and Capt. Davis on horseback at an undisclosed location – possibly the Davis Ranch. Others in the photograph include Wyoming Gov. Brooks and Sen. Warren. A natural leader, Capt. Davis was president of the Saratoga Valley Stock Growers Association in 1900 when the organization’s first action was the printing of a brand book. When the Saratoga State Bank was charted on April 1, 1899, Davis was a founding director for the Cosgriff Bros. When the Cosgriffs sold out in 1920, Davis became bank president. He held that office until 1926 when the bank was sold. At that time, he also sold his ranch to R.J. Spears

and retired to Kansas City, Mo. Presently, the ranch is part of the Kelly Cattle Co. Over the years it was also known as the Lazy River and

McIlvaine’s Lazy CJ. Capt. Davis returned to his beloved Wyoming in 1951 at age of 84 to be buried with military and state honors in the Cheyenne cemetery.

Top bull – The grand champion Hereford bull at the Denver Stock Show in 1916 was “Wyoming,” bred and reared at the Davis Ranch south of Saratoga. The offspring of Beau Carlos II, “Wyoming” brought a record $5,000 at the livestock sale held Jan. 20, 1916 in Denver, Colo. Photo from Bob Martin/Dick Perue collection, Historical Reproductions by Perue. Persons wishing to contact Dick Perue concerning articles or photographs may do so by email at rperue@, by mail at Historical Reproductions by Perue, Box 447, Saratoga, WY 82331 or by phone at 307-710-8240.

Winter bee classes set

Ways to keep bees cozy in winter and why keeping varroa mite numbers low is important are among topics during Winter Honey Bee Survival Classes in Afton and Jackson. The event will be held 6-8 p.m. on Jan. 17 at the Afton Civic Center and 11 a.m.-1 p.m. on Jan. 18 in the 4-H Building in Jackson, said Hudson Hill, University of Wyoming Extension educator. Other topics are “Winter Bee Care Starts in June” and “Nutrition and Native Floral Resources to Supplements.” RSVPs are encouraged, said Hill. RSVP by contacting Hill or Jill Hubbard at 307-885-3132. Classes may be cancelled due to low enrollment or inclement weather, he said.


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Volume 28 No. 37 • January 14, 2017

NWSS continued from page 1 mances when the animal is four months of age. “I was responsible for feeding him until the following year and then showing him at the 2017 show,”

says Fleming. In addition to caring for and training the animal, participants keep an intensive record book throughout the year.

“I had to do feed expenses, keep inventories, weigh him at least four times and keep records of all treatments,” continues Fleming. “Then, I did activity logs and daily logs of everything I did with my steer.”

Learning experience After the Catch-A-Calf program and competing at National Western Stock Show (NWSS), Natrona County 4-H’er Michaela Fleming comments that the experience increased her confidence as it tested her abilities to train other animals. “I think the most rewarding part of the experience would be the fact that I learned more about who I am in this program and that I can train more animals than horses,” she says. “I also enjoyed seeing how much the animal changes over the year.”

Her NWSS experience also challenged Fleming to learn more about business decisions in livestock. “Trying to pay for everything myself was a challenge. I paid for his grain and everything myself,” she says. This year was Fleming’s first experience showing at NWSS, and she notes that she plans to continue participating in future years. “It was really fun, and the people I got to meet through this program and at NWSS are just awesome,” says Fleming.

Every month, Fleming wrote a letter to her sponsors in the program and kept record on their correspondence. Participants also wrote a project story, created picture pages and inserted all of their entries for NWSS into their record books. “The bigger the record book is, the more points we receive,” explains Fleming. “My record book earned me third place.” Meat judging Wyoming youth also dominated the Western National Roundup Meat sJudging Contests. In the FFA contest, Lander FFA placed third in the placing division and sixth overall. Lander FFA team mem-

“I’ve never heard of anybody getting a perfect score in reasons, and we had two of them on our team.” – Burt Andreen, Natrona County 4-H bers were Kiley McConnell, Flint Pokorny, Macy Jacobson and Silas Goetz. Natrona County 4-H placed first overall in the 4-H contest and boasted the high, second place, fourth place and seventh place individuals in the contest. Team members were Trey Campbell, Ben Campbell, Kaylen Lewis and Matthew Willadsen. Natrona County 4-H co-coach Burt Andreen says that the team’s hard work paid off during NWSS.

“The contest committee put together a really good contest down there. It was a high scoring contest. We were able to just go in there and put into practice some of the things we’ve been learning. It really came out well for us in the end,” says Andreen. Record scores In a clean sweep, the Natrona County 4-H Meat Judging Team earned top honors in every contest division and set a new record high score for the national contest. In addition to shattering the record team score, the team also set a new record score for high individual with Trey Campbell’s performance. “He had an incredible score. He set a record in terms of score for that contest, so that was pretty exciting for him,” comments Andreen. “He also set a reasons record with two 49s and a perfect 50.” Teammate Kaylen Lewis also scored a perfect 50 on one of her sets of reasons. “I’ve never heard of anybody getting a perfect score in reasons, and we had two of them on our team,” Andreen says. Other representatives The Wheatland FFA Livestock Judging team consisting of Chase Markel, Ashley Hyche, Tyler Erickson and Ty Paisley, earned eighth high team during their contest. Albany County 4-H’s Amanda Christensen earned first place in the Impromptu Public Speaking contest, with fellow Wyoming 4-H’er Aletta Ziehl of Natrona County placing second. The Uinta County 4-H Livestock Quiz Bowl Team earned sixth place. Team members were Ian Siegusmund, Falynn Mackey, James McMurtrey and Delaney Lupher. Mckenna Carnahan of Sublette County 4-H earned third place in Fashion Revue Constructed, and Crook County 4-H’er Grace Belize Anderson placed fourth in Fashion Revue Ready to Wear. Numerous other Wyomingites have competed and are competing in the various competitions and livestock shows held during NWSS. State FFA Advisor Stacy Broda also notes that Wyoming FFA alumni are actively working at NWSS in various facets. “Colby Hales was one of our past state FFA officers, and he was down there judging a cattle show,” she comments. “Our members are really involved at NWSS.” Emilee Gibb is editor of Wyoming Livestock Roundup and can be reached at emilee@wylr. net.

Volume 28 No. 37 • January 14, 2017

TRADE continued from page 1 Trade Organization that allow them to really go after other countries. There are limits to how far they can go within the law, but there are not immediate repercussions for going beyond those limits,” said Lively. “He has brought people with his team who all have a record of being as aggressive in that area as possible.” Negotiations Rather than multilateral negotiations, like the Transpacific Partnership (TPP), the Trump administration has talked about using bilateral negotiations between the U.S. and another country. “He believes that most countries in the world want to export to the U.S. more than we want to export to them,” said Lively. “We’re not an export-driven economy.” “His view is that when we sit down one-on-one with those countries, we’re in a much stronger position than if we’re just one of 12 or even more, every single one of whom has a vote equal to the United States, the biggest economy in the world. I think there’s some legitimacy to this,” he commented. Trump has also talked about a trade deficit, meaning that we import more than we export. But, he has said that it will not be resolved by exporting more but rather by changing tax policy, implementing aggressive trade remedies and importing less.

“This is completely new. Again, if we compared this to a policy statement of any recent administration, we would have found the cornerstone of our trade policy was trade globalization,” explained Lively. Uncertain “If I had to summarize how I think a Trump administration is going to affect our exports of beef and pork in particular, I’d say the picture is still a little blurry,” said Lively, noting that one possible scenario would be


improved access in China and the European Union, while another would be detrimental. “I can also see a scenario where Trump succeeds with his so-called defensive objectives, but we get caught in the crossfire in Mexico and China and maybe see retaliated against the U.S. because we export so much product to those countries,” warned Lively. Lively explained that both North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the U.S.-Korea Free Trade Agreement have zero tariffs, meaning that no tar-

iffs are paid on beef and pork going into Mexico. “There’s a potential for us to get lost in the shuffle there because the truth is, that renegotiation is not about agriculture market access,” said Lively. “There’s also the possibility to make some improvements specifically in sanitary issues.” As China is a major importer of U.S. pork, engaging in a trade war could result in the country retaliating against the pork industry. However, similar to NAFTA, there is the possibility for positive changes. “If Trump’s strategy

SALE REPORTS Northern Livestock Video Auction “Diamond Ring” Sale Northern Livestock Video Auction held their annual Diamond Ring Sale Jan. 9-10, broadcast live from Billings Livestock Commission. Over 73,000 Northern cattle were offered to a nationwide buying crowd on an active market. Northern’s next auction will be an internet auction to be held Feb. 16. Go to for complete market report and details on upcoming sales. McDonnell Angus sold 68 head of steers weighing 860 pounds for $127 from Bowman, N.D. Sunlight Ranches sold 750 head of steers weighing 725 pounds for $135.50 from Wyola, Mont. Hoferer Family Ranch Inc. sold 62 head of steers weighing 775 pounds for $132, 54 head of steers weighing 900 pounds for $130.50 and 62 head of heifers weighing 775 pounds for $125 from Laurel, Mont. J Bar F Ranch Co. sold 108 head of steers weighing 925 pounds for $129.50 and

73 head of heifers weighing 835 pounds for $121 from Billings, Mont. Kraig Hathaway Ranch sold 80 head of replacement heifers weighing 710 pounds for $143 from Denton, Mont. Hastings Ranch Inc. sold 100 head of steers weighing 500 pounds for $167, 80 head of steers weighing 600 pounds for $146 and 110 head ofw heifers weighing 525 pounds for $135.50 from Great Falls, Mont. Kostman Land Corp. sold 200 head of weaned steers weighing 520 pounds for $171.50 and 110 head of weaned heifers weighing 425 pounds for $153 from Bingham, Neb. Macfarland and White sold 470 head of steers weighing 650 pounds for $139.50 and 237 head of steers weighing 720 pounds for $137.50 from Two Dot, Mont. K&D Livestock sold 80 head of steers weighing 700 pounds for $139 from Broadus, Mont.

works, we might find that our access to pork into China gets better because we’ve got a lot of little issues that we work with the Chinese on every day,” said Lively. Ag interests To ensure that the interests and priorities of the agricultural industry remain in the forefront during trade negotiations, Lively stressed that the industry needs to bridge the gap in communication. “The first thing we’ve got a do is say ‘Look, we support your objectives. We like what we see here,’ but we also need to be sure that President-elect Trump and his people understand how critical exports are to the long-term health of our industry,” said Lively.

“Beyond that, we should look for opportunities to build on this very aggressive approach that he plans to take, specifically in countries like Japan and China,” Lively continued. It is especially important for the agricultural industry to guard their interests, particularly in China and Mexico, which both have significant agricultural interests, he added. “We need to guard our interests, so we don’t become collateral damage as Trump pursues his policy,” concluded Lively. Emilee Gibb is editor of Wyoming Livestock Roundup and can be reached at

Expressed plans Throughout the election, President-elect Donald Trump expressed that his administration will pull out of the Transpacific Partnership (TPP), stating that it’s “a potential disaster for our country.” “The outcome of this TPP negotiation was good for the beef and pork industry primarily because of the improved access it would have given us in Japan. The red meat industry probably has more to lose from Trump walking away from this deal than anyone else in agriculture,” said U.S. Meat Export Federation Trade Access Senior Vice President Thad Lively. Trump has also stated that he plans to renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), as well as the free trade agreement made between the U.S. and Korea. “Trump has said, ‘Mexico is killing us on trade.’ What he’s really talking about is jobs,” explained Lively. He has also expressed plans to declare China to be a currency manipulator. “It doesn’t have a lot of significance, but it’s symbolic. We have already seen that Trump’s not shy about finding a sharply pointed stick and finding a place in China’s eye to stick it,” he said.


Volume 28 No. 37 • January 14, 2017

Volume 28 No. 37 • January 14, 2017


NOAA releases climate assessment framework, including statewide information The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) recently updated their state-specific climate summaries after the demand for state-level information increased with the release of the Third National Climate Assessment. NOAA said, “These summaries cover assessment topics directly related to NOAA’s mission, specifically historical climate variations and trends, future climate model projections of climate conditions during the 21st century and past and future conditions of sea level and coastal flooding.” Wyo climate NOAA began by explaining the factors affecting Wyoming’s overall climate. “Wyoming’s climate is determined, to a large extent, by its location in the middle latitudes, in frequent close proximity to the jet stream and in the interior of the North American continent, far from oceanic moisture sources,” they explained. The proximity to jet streams brings frequent storms but a lack of moisture, resulting in a semiarid climate. “It has large climatic variations due to its geographic diversity and altitudinal range,” NOAA said of the state. A range of elevation from 3,100 feet to 13,800 feet and a similar variation in temperature is also seen. Key messages NOAA identified three key messages for each state, noting that temperature increases, precipitation increases and evaporation increases will all have impacts in the state in the

future. “Average annual temperature has increased approximately 1.4 degree Fahrenheit since the early 20th century,” NOAA remarked. “This increase is most evident in winter warming, which has been characterized by a below average occurrence of very cold days since 2000.” They added, “Under a higher emissions pathway, historically unprecedented warming is projected by the end of the 21st century.” Next, they noted that increases are projected for both spring and winter precipitation, which will include a shift from rainfall to snowfall in the spring. The result could increase flood potential. Finally, NOAA said, “Higher temperatures will increase evaporation rate and decrease soil moisture, leading to more intense future droughts.” The impact will be an increase in the occurrence and severity of wildfires in Wyoming, according to NOAA. Water impacts As a key point of their analysis, NOAA mentioned, “Wyoming serves as a major source of water for other states, and changes in precipitation can have broad impacts beyond the state’s boundaries.” Water from the state flow into the MissouriMississippi river basin, the Green-Colorado river basin, the Snake-Columbia river basin and the Great Salt Lake river basin. Variation in snowpack affects water availability across the West, as well. “In years with heavy snow cover, heavy rains during the spring thaw can

cause severe flooding by causing rapid melting of the snowpack,” they added. Additionally, the state is susceptible to drought – a fact well known by most in the ag industry. “From 1999 to 2008, large portions of the state experienced drought,” NOAA said, mentioning that 2012 was Wyoming’s driest year since 1895. “By October 2012, almost 90 percent of the state was in severe drought.” When coupled with hot temperatures and high wind, wildfires were rampant. Future climate From their research, NOAA noted that spring and winter precipitation are projected to increase between five and 15 percent across the state. “This will increase the likelihood that some of the precipitation events now occurring as snow will fall as rain instead, reducing water storage in the snow-

pack, particularly at lower elevations,” NOAA said. An earlier melting snowpack means that summer months would likely be drier, as well as an increased potential for flooding.

Future droughts are also projected to be more severe. “Even if precipitation amount increase in the future, rises in temperature will increase evaporation rates, resulting in

a decreased rate of loss of soil moisture during dry spells,” NOAA noted. Saige Albert is managing editor of the Wyoming Livestock Roundup and can be reached at saige@wylr. net.

Observed and Projected Temperature Charge

Observed data - From 1900 to 2014, observed and projected changes in near-surface air temperature were recorded. Projected changes from 2006 to 2100 provide a model for lower and higher emissions scenarios, which would influence temperature change, according to the National Ocean and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). NOAA graph


Volume 28 No. 37 • January 14, 2017

Young producers lead panel discussion on beginning in ranching in Wyo Casper – Young producers hailing from different backgrounds and operation types across Wyoming shared their stories, advice and encouragement on getting started in the agricultural industry during a panel discussion at the 2016 Wyoming Stock Growers Association Winter Roundup in Casper. Starting out The successful young

producers on the panel came from a variety of backgrounds varying from growing up on family ranches to working as hired hands on agricultural operations. Will Hudson, the ranch manager for a Wyoming ranch, explained that after several years working at different ranches, he began as a regular ranch hand at his current operation.

BEEF continued from page 2 we’ve also seen bantered about in the country of late – why do we import beef into the U.S. anyway? To be sure, the need for imports is not as simple as the number of cattle needed to meet demand but instead the demand for certain parts of the animal, such as lean trim, according to ag economists nationwide, including Dr. Thomas Elam, Ph.D. Lean trim is in very short supply in the U.S. because the number of beef and dairy cows and bulls being sent to market has declined significantly during the last decade. We simply don’t produce enough lean. Over time, the United States has increased production of 50s-percent lean and reduced production of 90s, mostly due to economic factors. With that, the vast majority of beef imported to the U.S. is lean trim, 90-plus percent – primarily from Australia and New Zealand – to mix with 50/50 lean and fat ground beef produced in the U.S. so we can meet domestic consumer demand for lean beef. Without this, the U.S. beef supply would run far short of the lean ground beef required to meet our strong consumer demand for it. Importing lean trim to meet this need helps continue to grow domestic consumer demand for beef. Dr. Elam says that imports of lean beef actually enhance the value of the U.S. beef market and overall cattle prices and, in addition, allows U.S. cattlemen to maximize their competitive advantage of fed beef production. This article was originally posted on the Montana Stockgrowers Association website at

When the management position opened up, his work ethic and personal experience earned him the position. “The manager of the ranch had quit, and they gave me a shot in the dark. I was 26 years old, and they hired me on as the manager. I’ve been there four years now managing that ranch,” said Hudson. Lusk ranchers Sage and Faith Askin explained that they began their operation by custom grazing livestock on leased land. “We started basically with no money, just credit from the pickup and horse trailer, and we had no assets,” explained Faith. “After beginning with custom grazing livestock on leased land, we have since moved toward livestock ownership with leased cattle, sheep and purchased livestock.” Versatility Cross-training and diversifying skillsets is important in the present age of ranching operations, stressed Hudson. “There are not very many cowboy positions out there. Ranches nowadays are willing to pay more for a diversified employee than people who only focus their skillset on one portion of the ranch,” said Hudson. While there are lower-

wage positions that are paid if an individual is able to work one part of a ranching operation, such as driving a tractor, Hudson noted that the ability to do any task on a ranch makes an employee much more valuable. “If they can diversify themselves and are able to do everything, I would be willing to pay an extra bit of money for an employee,” he commented. Regardless of whether a young agriculturalist is in a management position, continually challenging themselves to learn more about the industry is critical for success. “I think that events like the Stock Growers convention or anywhere people can go to educate themselves, especially in today’s world, is important,” said Hudson. Profitability Sage stressed that ranching is, first and foremost, a business and must be treated as such. “We can still have ranching as a culture, but we have to treat it as a business first. It’s got to put the money in our pockets to continue down that road,” continued Sage. The Askin family noted that a non-profitable year is not an option for them to stay in business.

“Financial education is something that’s really applicable to ranching. We need to learning the difference between an asset and a liability.” – Kirby Berger, Saratoga “I can’t even imagine having a non-profitable year because we don’t have any assets,” commented Sage. “From our perspective, there’s no room for error. There’s no asset for us to fall back on to continue operating.” Kirby Berger, a Saratoga rancher, recommended that young producers invest time into financial education. “Financial education is something that’s really applicable to ranching. We need to learn the difference between an asset and a liability,” said Berger. A common misconception is that if an operation is meeting maximum production, they are meeting maximum profitability. However, Berger explained, “We’re looking for a maximum profit in our operation instead of maximum production.” Challenges One of the largest challenges facing young producers is purchasing land that is often separated and priced higher than production value. “Most land is priced at about twice the production

value of that land,” said Sage. “That means that it’s pretty much impossible to buy the ranch with the livestock to run on it.” To be able to purchase the land, young producers often must do more with the land than simply raise livestock or farm, or they have to become an expert at ranching very quickly. As an alternative to immediately purchasing land, the Askin family advised beginning ranchers lease land first, noting that purchasing land and livestock at the same time is similar to “trying to swim the Mississippi with an anvil chained to our hip.” However, purchasing land is still an attainable goal long-term if that is what a beginning producer wants. “That doesn’t mean that buying land is out of the question. That’s our point. We think that people should be able to buy land if that’s one of the goals that they have for their life,” said Sage. Emilee Gibb is editor of Wyoming Livestock Roundup and can be reached at

JENSEN ANGUS • All of our raised heifers PAPed under 45 many under 40! • 98% of our mature cow herd has been PAP Tested! • The true power of our program is our low PAPing Mother Cows! We continue to improve by adding females like this: Vermilion Lass 4180 (PAP 37) BW: +5.0 WW: +73 YW: +127 $W: +68.87 $B: +155.50 She was the high selling bred heifer in the 2015 NILE Sale!

Diamond Black Lady 3470 “Harvey” (PAP 37)

BW: +2.4 WW: +57 YW: +110 $W: +54.61 $B: +152.09 She is the dam of our new herd sire JAR 3470 Wind River HD 7200!


Bull sale info from SD.

February 11, 2017 Selling 100 Range Ready 2-Year-Old Angus Bulls

Sublette County Fairgrounds • Inside the Heated Barn Our cattle live and thrive at 7,200’+ year round and are PAP tested by Dr. Tim Holt.

Guest consignor: Circle L Angus Cory and Kari Lamey • Wise River, MT 406-832-3535

Selling 10 2-Year-Old Angus Bulls

FOR A CATALOG, CONTACT: JUSTIN & RENEE JENSEN FAMILY P.O. Box 316 • Boulder, WY 82923 • 307-367-2510 •

Sires Represented: Diamond Hoover Dam 0170 PAP 42 BW: -1.8 WW: +35 YW: +73 $W: +36.21 $B: +84.08

JAR 115 Hoover Dam A319 PAP 39 BW: +0.5 WW: +49 YW: +97 $W: +44.42 $B: +107.02

Riverbend Consensus Y1514 PAP 40 BW: +4.6 WW: +58 YW: +105 $W +51.38 $B: +132.62

Exciting New Herd Sires for 2017: JAR 3470 Wind River HD 7220, Vermilion Spur C796 and Diamond Capitalist 205C

Volume 28 No. 37 • January 14, 2017


SPECHT continued from page 1 controlling owner family. Individuals who fall into group six are family members who actively ranch but do not yet have any ownership. Those in group seven are family members who work on the ranch and have some ownership of the ranch. Different concerns It is important to understand where individuals fit in the family system to address questions and concerns that each group has, said Specht. He noted that ranch employees who are not part of the family often have concerns about their job, as well as the next generation of ranch ownership not being prepared to manage the ranch or build working relationships. Family members who have some ownership but are not working on the ranch typically have questions about the management of the business. While members of this group may get a bad reputation, Specht encouraged next generation ranch owners to view the business from their perspective. “Imagine that we have an asset that we’re going to expect someone else to manage. We have no say with that asset, and many times we’re not communicated with how well or how poorly that asset is being managed,” he said. Individuals who are working on the ranch and have partial ownership but are not part of the family may feel outside of communications since they’re not part of conversations that take place around the dinner table. Family members who work on the ranch typically have questions concerning when they will be making meaningful business decisions and be in management positions. Those in the controlling owner’s group often have questions that involve the commitment of the next generation to the ranch, as well as cash flow in their older years. Contingency plans “The second key to generational transfer is to create contingency plans,” said Specht. The first plan that

should be created is an ownership contingency plan, which is essentially listing what the family owns, how it’s owned and who owns it. “Then, go through the basic exercise of figuratively putting an ‘X’ through each name, creating lines below that describe where ownership would flow if any of those owners were to pass away,” he explained. “I advise that next generation ranchers make this a top priority because if they’re going to be part of the ownership, they should be interested in who they’re going to be partners with,” Specht continued. Next generation ranch owners should also create a management contingency. “In agriculture, what I’ve found is that there are typically one or two people in every operation who make some meaningful decisions that no one else knows how to make,” said Specht. “What I’m looking at is for young people to answer the question, what are the one or two things on the ranch or decisions that are made by one or two people?” Inspired questions According to Specht, the third element for successful generational transfer is to ask inspired questions that allow for open conversation between interested parties. “The reason we’re independent ranchers or business owners is because we don’t like being told what to do,” said Specht. “I started developing a set of questions, so I could get out of the mode of just telling people what to do and start asking better questions.” Inspired questions have certain criteria to meet, said Specht. “One is they encourage honest sharing. The second is the questions need to be open ended. They don't necessarily have a right answer and requires reflection. Often the answer will also change over time,” he explained. An example question for the next generation to ask their parents is to describe the greatest non-financial outcome they would like to achieve in the estate plan. “Ultimately, what I’m

trying to get at with this question is, what do we really care about? Many times, these questions have

value-based responses,” concluded Specht, noting that answering such questions can be the beginning


of a successful and smooth transition of ownership on the ranch. Emilee Gibb is edi-

tor of Wyoming Livestock Roundup and can be reached at emilee@wylr. net.

Featuring Sons of:

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FEBRUARY 16, 2017

Selling 60 2-Year-Old Angus Bulls Carefully Bred and Developed to add calving ease, longevity, and profitability for today’s commercial cattlemen!

C C A Emblazon 702 • AAA# 15980098

Also featuring: Sinclair Open Range 2Q23 • O C C Magnitude 805M • O C C Unanimous 601U Cole Creek Full Bore 730 • Basin Rainmaker F156 • Sinclair Executive 9XV2 • Sinclair Rito Promise 0R12


Ryan and Sonnie Neiman • (307) 290-0791 •


Volume 28 No. 37 • January 14, 2017

CALENDAR Submit your events to: Editor, Wyoming Livestock Roundup, P.O. Box 850, Casper, WY, 82602, or email to

Jan. 25

Thomas Angus Ranch Wyoming Bull Sale, Yoder, 541-524-9322, 541403-0562, 541-403-0561,

Jan. 26

Marcy Cattle Company and Marcy Livestock 56th Annual Angus Bull Sale, Gordon Livestock Auction, Gordon, Neb., 970-204-1134, 308-6387587,


Jan. 7-22

National Western Stock Show, Denver, Colo. For more information, visit

Jan. 17

Winter Honey Bee Survival Class, Afton, Afton Civic Center, 6-8 p.m. For more information or to RSVP, call Hudson Hill or Jill Hubbard at 307-885-3132.

Jan. 17-18

Second Annual Equine Forum, Denver, Colo. Visit to learn more or to register.

Jan. 17-27

Fifth Annual Cow Cruise – Escorted Panama Canal Cruise. For more information, call Cruise Vacations at 855-530-0131, or visit or

Jan. 17

Winter Honey Bee Survival Class, Jackson, 4-H Building, 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. For more information or to RSVP, call Hudson Hill or Jill Hubbard at 307-885-3132.

Jan. 18-20

Seven Triangle Seven Cattle Co. A.I. Training Course, Akron, Colo. For more information or to register, visit, call 970-481-3921 or 970-3452697 or e-mail

Jan. 16

Van Newkirk Herefords Bull and Female Sale, at the ranch, Oshkosh, Neb., 308-778-6049,

Jan. 17

Wild, Wild West Simmental Sale, Adams County Fairgrounds, Brighton, Colo., 970-568-7792,

Jan. 17

Miles City Livestock Commission Stock Cow, Bred Heifer and Regular Sale, Miles City, Mont., 800-755-5177,

Jan 18

National Western 2017 Commercial Female Show and Sale, The Yards, Denver, Colo., 970-396-7521, 303-299-5558

Jan. 19

Valentine Livestock Auction Special Bred Female and Regular Sale, Valentine, Neb., 402-376-3611,

Jan. 19

Billings Livestock Commission Stock Cow Special with All Class Cattle Sale, Billings, Mont., 406-670-0689, 406-698-4783, 406-671-7715,

Jan. 20-21

K2 Red Angus Annual Bull and Female Sale, Internet Auction Format, 307-331-2917,

Jan. 21

Redland Angus Annual Production Sale, Buffalo Livestock Auction, Buffalo, 307-347-2270, 307-250-1548,

Jan. 21

Middleswarth Hereford’s Annual Bull Sale, at the ranch, Torrington, 307532-5427,

Jan. 23

Sodak Angus Ranch 60th Annual Bull Sale, at the ranch, Reva, S.D, 605866-4426,

Jan. 23

Strand Sim/Angus Annual Bull Sale, at the ranch, Platte, S.D., 605-6807628, 605-682-9016,

Jan. 24

Ken Haas Angus 35th Annual Right Combination Bull Sale, at the ranch, LaGrange, 307-834-2356,


Will the Winds of Change Continue to Blow Through Our Ag Markets in 2017? The past year has been anything but predictable for agriculture interests, as the election of a new President and uncertainty in both livestock and crop markets have left all of us wondering what might be coming next. Agricultural markets continue to face uncertainty across any number of fronts, creating challenges as we make plans for the next year. As I write this article just ahead of the Jan. 12 USDA Grain Stocks Report and World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimate (WASDE) projections, the incoming administration has yet to nominate a new Secretary of Agriculture, leaving it to the last of cabinet selections. A large number of names have been floated, but no final individual has been identified. The incoming administration will make changes in many policy areas, as we fully expect, but what those changes will be is a mystery as we move into the next year. The markets do not usually respond favorably to uncertainty of any type, and it will take some time for the markets to get a feel

for the new administration. Large supplies of meats and grains are also weighing heavily on agriculture markets as we enter the new year and will be looking for anything to increase demand either domestically or on the export front. Agriculture remains cautiously optimistic heading into 2017, with hopes that regulatory pressures will ease and the U.S. economy will enter a growth mode. These should be positive for farmers and ranchers as they try to bounce back from a couple of challenging years. This administration will be working toward a new farm bill in 2018 as current low prices impact the cost of the 2014 farm program and offer an opportunity to set policy into the 2020s. Trade will be the big wild card for agriculture under the Trump administration. Agriculture is dependent on strong export sales, and the large supplies current pressuring our prices will need to continue to find overseas' buyers. A strengthening dollar is already creating challenges, as U.S. commodities


LIVES TOCK AUCTION January 12, 2017 - 1,439 Head Cow Market $1 to $2 Higher Slaughter Cows - $47 to $61 Young Feeding Cows - $64 to $75 Feeders $7 to $10 Higher than last Feeder Special in December COWS Falling Springs Ranch - Covington, VA 1 Blk Cow, 1250# ..............................$7500 B & W, Inc. - Scottsbluff, NE 1 Blk Cow, 1190# ..............................$7500 1 Blk Cow, 1295# ..............................$6100 Preis, Jerold & Ray - Burlington, WY 1 BWF Cows, 1240# .........................$6450 Cauffman, Jr., William - Burlington, WY 1 Blk Cow, 1310# ..............................$6000 Casdorph, Myron Vaughn - Worland, WY 1 Blk Cow, 1180# ..............................$5650 Collingwood, Donald B. - Greybull, WY 1 Blk Cow, 1405# ..............................$5350 HEIFERS Weichmann, Jason D. - Ten Sleep, WY 9 Blk Hfrs, avg. 466#.......................$15200 30 Blk Hfrs, avg. 504#.....................$14400 48 Blk Hfrs, avg. 538#.....................$14300 O’Donnell, Bryan - Ten Sleep, WY 2 Blk Hfrs, avg. 428#.......................$15100

are entering the market facing headwinds. As the new President continues to challenge countries that import manufactured goods into the U.S., it is important to recall that Mexico is the third largest importer of U.S. beef, taking 15 percent of the 1.2 million metric tons shipped, and the single largest buyer of U.S. corn, buying 27 percent of the 2.2 billion bushels exported. Only Japan and South Korea purchase more U.S. beef than Mexico. In addition, China has announced that they will soon begin purchasing U.S. beef into a market that is expected to increase imports by 15 percent in 2017. History has shown agriculture exports suffer when trade squabbles occur between the U.S. and our trade partners. The current markets can use all the help they can get, and a reduction in volatility would also be welcomed by agriculture. Looking into the 2017 market year, it is likely that volatility will remain, at least until we get a sense of what to expect from the new administration. Developing a well thought-out marketing plan and executing that plan will be critical to financial success on the farm or ranch this year. This might be a good time to look into some of the tools available to lay off some market risk. Simple cash contracts or locking in inputs to avoid the higher costs as the oil markets creeps a bit higher can go a long way toward assuring profitability. If the opportunity comes your way to attend an educational program on futures and options, it might be time to polish up those marketing skills and establish a relationship with a broker that you can work comfortably with. The day that you want to begin trading on the board is not the right time to start looking for a good broker.

Worland, Wyo. Sale Barn: 307-347-9201 Jim Newby: 307-431-9999 Stiffney, Mark & Betty - Ten Sleep, WY 24 Blk Hfrs, avg. 558#.....................$13900 Coble, Steve - Burlington, WY 35 Blk Hfrs, avg. 553#.....................$13900 31 Blk Hfrs, avg. 610#.....................$13550 STEERS Double Dollar Land - Lovell, WY 10 Blk Strs, avg. 486# .....................$16300 38 Blk Strs, avg. 555# .....................$15850 Weichmann, Jason D. - Ten Sleep, WY 8 Blk Strs, avg. 459# .......................$16250 23 Blk Strs, avg. 543# .....................$15900 Coble, Steve - Burlington, WY 47 Blk Strs, avg. 566# .....................$15400 32 Blk Strs, avg. 659# .....................$14550 Redland, Mark Richard - Ten Sleep, WY 18 Blk Strs, avg. 655# .....................$14500 Russell, Richard - Basin, WY 13 Blk Strs, avg. 623# .....................$14450 Brewster Ranch - Ten Sleep, WY 90 Blk Strs, avg. 752# .....................$12800

• Upcoming Sales • Thursday, Jan. 19 - Regular Sale Thursday, Jan. 26 - Regular Sale

Volume 28 No. 37 • January 14, 2017





Compiled from USDA Market News Service information and other sources

Location Volume PAYS 1-11

UnUnder 400


Steers Heifers




Over 800

Sltr Bull Sltr Cows

Stock Cows Pairs

121-143 119-129.75

124-130 116.50-119


71-81 52-61.50




139-162 125.75-146

Centennial 1-9 5939

157-201 144-164

131-197.50 128-166

133-175 120-143.50

113.153 112-132.50

123-134 112-127

114-130 115-117

Crawford 1-6 6258

205-212.50 175

158-189 147-164

135.50-164 131-149

130.50-149.75 125.50-150

127-143.10 125-140

127.75-129.75 124.50

Riverton 1-10 5689

186-205 152-169

169-193 126-159

Torrington 1-11 10342

170-192 150-157

160-189 141-166

151-169.50 130-157.50

136-150 129.50-139

St. Onge 1-6



137-148 126-135.50

162.50-163 151-152 163-184.50 144-149


Worland 1-12 1439 Billings 1-12 3446

179-188 156

139.50-174.50 135.50-152.75 128.50-141.50 133-145.50 119.50-136 120-130


134.50-144 121-131.50

128.25-137.25 118.25-135.50

65-87 65-68

126-142.25 120.50-127

124.50 117-118

78-79 105-109


154-159 139-144

144.50-145.50 135.50


143-165 126-144

131-150.25 120.50-131

124-132 118-123

69-81 46-65


80.50-86 53-66.50




Feeder Lambs

Slaughter Lambs

Slaughter Ewes

Week Prev

This Week

128.25 123.75 123.63 122.75 123.05

130.33 127.75 127.30 126.10 126.88

Stock Ewes

Change +2.08 +4.00 +3.67 +3.35 +3.83


Month Week Prev MARCH 4.26 MAY 4.36 JULY 4.49 SEPTEMBER 4.61

This Week 4.26 4.39 4.53 4.67

Change NC +0.03 +0.04 +0.06



+2.40 +2.33 +2.88 +2.35 +2.20


Month Auction

117.48 116.48 106.83 102.53 102.18





Belle Fourche 1-12

115.08 114.15 103.95 100.18 99.98


113-129.75 122.50-123

127-127.50 114.50-118.50

This Week



Week Prev

Slaughter Bucks

Week Prev

This Week

3.61 3.67 3.74 3.81

3.58 3.65 3.72 3.79


Change -0.03 -0.02 -0.02 -0.02

No Report



St. Onge






SETT PRICE 163-205

Dry Edible Beans Daily Grower Bids - ND/MN and CO/NE Change Bids Pintos ND/MN steady 28.00-29.00 CO/NE steady 30.00 Blacks ND/MN steady 29.00-30.00 Great Northerns CO/NE steady 30.00 Navy ND/MN steady 27.00-28.00 Light Red Kidneys ND/MN steady 32.00-35.00 CO/NE steady 32.00-33.00 Source: USDA-CO Dept of Ag Market News Service, Greeley, CO WEEKLY NATIONAL GRAIN MARKET REVIEW Compared to last week, grain and soybean were mixed. Soybeans saw support from concerns over weather conditions in South America. The January Supply and Demand Report was released on Thursday with USDA reducing soybean ending stocks by 60 mb, now at 420 mb. Corn ending stocks were also reduced from 2.403 to 2.355 billion bushels. Export sales and shipments for wheat totaled 14.4 mb and 6.3 mb, respectively. For corn, export sales totaled 29.7 mb and shipments were at 27.3 mb. The report is neutral to bearish for wheat and corn. Export sales for soybeans totaled 10.7 mb and shipments totaled 52.6 mb. These numbers may be viewed as bullish for soybeans. Wheat was steady to 33 cents higher. Corn was mostly steady to 11 cents lower. Sorghum was 5 cents lower. Soybeans were 22-27 cents higher. WHEAT: Kansas City US No 1 Hard Red Winter, ordinary protein rail bid was 18 1/4 to 25 1/4 cents higher from 4.54 3/4-5.49 3/4 per bushel. Kansas City US No 2 Soft Red winter rail bid was not quoted. St. Louis truck US No 2 Soft Red Winter terminal bid was steady to 2 cents higher from 4.16-4.23 per bushel. Minneapolis and Duluth US No 1 Dark Northern Spring, 14.0 to 14.5 percent protein rail, was 28 3/4 to 33 3/4 cents higher from 6.99-7.09 per bushel. Portland US Soft White wheat rail was steady from 4.564.71 1/4 per bushel. CORN: Kansas City US No 2 rail White Corn was 8 to 11 cents lower from 3.68-3.75 per bushel. Kansas City US No 2 truck Yellow Corn was 5 to 10 cents lower from 3.38 1/4-3.43 1/4 per bushel. Omaha US No 2 Yellow Corn was 3 cents lower from 3.33-3.35 per bushel. Chicago US No 2 Yellow Corn was steady to 3 cents lower from 3.38 1/4-3.61 1/4 per bushel. Toledo US No 2 rail Yellow corn was 1 cent lower to 2 cents higher from 3.47 1/4-3.50 1/4 per bushel. Minneapolis US No 2 Yellow corn rail no bid per bushel. OATS AND BARLEY: US 2 or Better oats, rail bid to arrive at Minneapolis 20 day was 1 3/4 to 6 3/4 cents lower from 2.84 3/4-3.09 3/4 per bushel. US No 3 or better rail malting Barley, 70 percent or better plump out of Minneapolis was not available. Portland US 2 Barley, unit trains and Barges-export was not available. SORGHUM: US No 2 yellow truck, Kansas City was 5 cents lower at 5.42 per cwt. Texas High Plains US No 2 yellow sorghum (prices paid or bid to the farmer, fob elevator) was 5 cents lower from 5.32-5.78 per cwt. OILSEEDS: Minneapolis Yellow truck soybeans were not available per bushel. Illinois Processors US No 1 Yellow truck soybeans were 24 3/4 27 3/4 cents higher from 10.25 1/4-10.40 1/4 per bushel. Kansas City US No 2 Yellow truck soybeans were 22 3/4 to 27 3/4 cents higher from 9.90 1/4-9.95 1/4 per bushel. Illinois 48 percent soybean meal, processor rail bid was 70 cents to 8.70 higher from 322.90-331.90 per ton. Central Illinois Crude Soybean oil processor bid was 85 points higher from 34.07-35.07 cents per pound. Source: USDA-MO Dept of Ag Market News Service, St Joseph, MO Mountain Area and Western U.S. Direct Sheep Report (CO, WY, MT, NE, SD, ND, UT, NV, ID, WA, OR, AZ and CA) Receipts: 0 Last Week: 0 Last Year: 0 Compared to a week ago: There were no confirmed trades this week. Feeder lamb sales FOB with overnight stand or equivalent 3-4 percent shrink unless otherwise noted. The state identified is the state of origin. Prices quoted per cwt. Current delivery unless otherwise noted. Source: USDA- CO Dept of Ag Market News Service, Greeley, CO



National Wool Review Domestic wool trading on a clean basis was at a standstill this week. There were no confirmed trades reported. Prices reflect trades FOB warehouse in original bag or square pack, bellies out, some graded, and 76 mm or longer. No allowance made for coring, freight or handling fees at the warehouse level to reflect net grower prices (*) indicates new prices this week. (NA) represents microns not normally available in this region. Wools shorter than 75 mm typically discounted .10-.20 clean. Classed and skirted wools usually trade at a .10-.20 premium to original bag prices. Domestic wool trading on a greasy basis was at a standstill this week. There were no confirmed trades reported. All trades reported on a weighted average. Domestic wool tags are delivered to buyer and reported on a greasy basis: Number 1 tags Number 2 tags Number 3 tags .60-.70 .50-.60 .40-.50 In Australia this week, the Eastern Market Indicator was up 67 at 1422 cents per Kg clean from the sale 4 weeks ago. A total of 51,379 bales were offered with sales of 95.0 percent. The Australian exchange rate was weaker by .0042 at .7464 percent of the U.S. dollar. Australian wool prices are quoted delivered Charleston, South Carolina. The current freight rate is .15 cents per pound clean. Schlumberger Dry formula is used for yield determination. The 75-85 percent of Australia price range can be used as an estimated value of clean domestic prices FOB the warehouse and gross producer. These are estimated domestic values and may vary depending on current market conditions, yield, strength, length, colored fiber content, poly contamination, and other quality factors. Clean Del Price Change from 75-85 Percent Micron US Grade in U.S. Dollars Previous Sale of Australia 18 80s 6.41 + .46 4.81-5.45 19 70-80s 5.98 + .37 4.49-5.08 20 64-70s 5.50 + .33 4.13-4.68 21 64s 5.18 + .27 3.89-4.41 22 62s 5.03 + .24 3.77-4.27 23 60-62s ---------------24 60s ---------------25 58s 3.71 + .03 2.78-3.15 26 56-58s 3.33 ----2.50-2.83 28 54s 2.39 + .01 1.79-2.03 30 50s 2.09 - .09 1.57-1.78 32 46-48s 1.73 - .02 1.29-1.47 Merino Clippings 4.09 + .13 3.07-3.48 Eastern Market Indicator closed up 67 at 1422 cents per kg clean. Australian exchange rate was weaker by .0042 at .7464 percent of the U.S. dollar. Source: USDA- CO Dept of Ag Market News Service, Greeley, CO Wyoming, W. Nebraska, and W. South Dakota Hay Report Compared to the last week reported, prices were steady with activity light and demand moderate in all classes. The USDA Wyoming NRCS Monday Morning Snow Report for January 9, 2017 has the Snake River Basin Snow Water Equivalent at 123%, the Madison River basin at 96%, the Yellowstone Basin at 113%, the Wind River Basin at 133%, the Bighorn Basin at 105%, the Shoshone River Basin at 128%, the Powder Basin at 83%, the Tongue Basin at 102%, the Belle Fourche Basin at 125%, the Cheyenne Basin at 100%, the Upper North Platte Basin at 117%, the Sweetwater Basin at 158%, the Lower North Platte Basin at 108%, the Laramie Basin at 115%, the South Platte Basin at 114%, the Little Snake River Basin at 125%, the Upper Green Basin at 145%, the Lower Green Basin at 140%, and the Upper Bear Basin at 136% as a percent of the median of all SNOTEL sites in each basin compared to previous years. According to the United States Drought Monitor, in the West, decent snows (0.5-3 inches liquid equivalent) blanketed northwestern Nevada, eastern Oregon, central Idaho, western Montana, southeastern Wyoming, central Colorado, and central Utah, increasing the WYTD basin average precipitation and snow water content to above normal (along with numerous drought indices either normal or wet at various time periods), resulting in a 1-category improvement. All prices dollars per ton FOB stack in large square bales and rounds, unless otherwise noted. Most horse hay sold in small squares. Prices are from the most recent reported sales.


Week Prev

This Week

2.36 2.36 2.35 2.35

2.36 2.35 2.34 2.34


Change NC -0.01 -0.01 -0.01



Week Prev

This Week

10.03 10.12 10.21 10.28

10.32 10.40 10.49 10.55


Change +0.29 +0.28 +0.28 +0.27

CUTOUT VALUES CUTOUT VALUES Primal Rib Primal Chuck Primal Round Primal Loin

This Week

Prior Week

Last Year

198.33 299.37 173.19 183.19 247.83

196.46 309.88 170.23 178.57 246.76

214.51 324.90 180.57 203.53 272.14

5 AREA WEEKLY WEIGHTED CATTLE PRICE Live Steer Live Heifer Dressed Steer Dressed Heifer

This Week

117.67 117.43 187.97 188.00

Prior Week

117.44 117.64 188.86 188.64

Last Year

132.26 132.40 209.75 210.06

Eastern Wyoming Alfalfa Large Squares: Good 105.00. No reported quotes for other classes of hay. Central and Western Wyoming Alfalfa/Grass Mix Small Squares: Premium 135.00 (5.00 per bale). No reported quotes for other classes of hay. Western Nebraska Alfalfa Large Squares: Supreme/Premium 130.00; Good/Fair 100.00. Ground and Delivered: 105.00. No reported quotes for other classes of hay. Western South Dakota Alfalfa Large Squares: Premium 140.00. Alfalfa/Grass Mix Large Squares: Premium 150.00. No reported quotes for other classes of hay. Source: USDA-CO Dept of Ag Market News Service, Greeley, CO

The latest markets data can be found by visiting USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service at


Volume 28 No. 37 • January 14, 2017

Profitability on the ranch includes both costs and revenue considerations When looking at costs related to cattle produc-

tion, University of Wyoming (UW) Extension Economist

John Ritten says, “There are lots of numbers to look at.”

“One thing we talk a lot about is cutting costs,” con-

tinues Ritten, “but the top part of the budget is really revenue. We can impact the bottom line by other ways than just cutting costs.” Cost breakdown However, costs are an important part of profits, and Ritten explains that costs fall into two categories – variable and fixed. Variable costs account for things like feed and cow care, while fixed costs include expenses like machinery, buildings, taxes, land and depreciation. “We should also include management,” Ritten says. “I’d bet that most ranchers don’t pay themselves a true management fee. We have to include how much we might make if we worked for someone else – and that’s not going to be just $18,000 a year, at least if we’re good.” “People often blame overhead for the reason that they’re not profitable, but I don’t buy into that,” he says. Determining profitability, Ritten explains, means that producers must have a solid definition of what is profit. Profitability “I talk about profit differently than an accountant might talk about it. We’re talking about something different than economic profit,” Ritten comments. “Answering the question, ‘Did we cover costs?’ is not the same as, ‘Do we have to pay income taxes?’ They are different.” Ritten also cautions producers against benchmarking their ranches against operations that aren’t comparable. “Benchmarking is a great idea – if we all use the same terms and measure things the same way,” he says. “If we compare to someone else, make sure to look at the same measure.” In determining profitability, Ritten encourages producers to use economic profit. “If we really want to consider the ranch profitable, we need to make money economically,” he says, and to do that, all expenses must be considered. Accounting for expenses When looking at the ranch, Ritten says that producers must look at all aspects, including feed and labor. “All grass has value, whether we use it or rent it,” he says. “We need to charge ourselves for using the grass.” Additionally, labor costs often go unaccounted for on the ranch. “We need to account for all the labor – including the kids, aunts, uncles and neighbors – at calving, branding, etc.,” Ritten says. “We also need to pay ourselves a management fee, at least when we’re calculating profit. Otherwise, we’re subsidizing the ranch with our own time when we could make money somewhere else.” Revenue equation Ritten also notes that revenue includes production, as well as marketing. “Weaning weights and percentages really impact

how much money I bring in,” he says, “but marketing also matters. Two calves aren’t the same. If one is marketed well, he can make more money than the other.” Marketing is one area where Ritten believes many producers can spend more time to have an impact on the profitability in the operation. “We can make ourselves more money by investing time and energy into marketing,” he comments. Fair analysis With a look at both costs and revenues, Ritten says producers should understand that costs can be traded from operational to overhead. Ranchers also must be careful to cut costs without expecting to pay more somewhere else. “For example, there’s a lot of talk about no more fed feed in ranching,” he explains. “In some parts of the state, that’s not feasible, but remember, there are substitutes. If we can buy one feed at a cost advantage, we should use it when we can.” The same goes for buying versus raising hay. “We need to charge ourselves market price. Even if I can put it up for $40, if I can sell the hay for $100 a ton, I need to charge myself $100 a ton,” Ritten says. I have to account for these costs.” The numbers A Kansas State University study collected costs and revenues from a subset of producers from 1987 until today, and Ritten says that, sadly, if fixed costs are included, ranchers were only making money 15 percent of the time. “Analysis showed there’s more variation in a year across farms than across the four-year data set,” Ritten continues. “There were farms that made money almost every year. Going back to 1940, the average producer made $85 per cow per year, which is sad. But some people made $233 a cow, even in bad times.” When looking at their costs, Ritten adds that the most profitable producers weren’t necessarily the lowest cost. Many of the top onethird of producers had higher vet costs and higher labor costs, which Ritten attributes to the use of artificial insemination. The top one-third of producers made 49 percent more per cow than the bottom third, which is a remarkable difference, Ritten says. “The highest profit farms wean more calves,” he says. “Production matters. These producers also get a higher price per pound or hundredweight. That tells me these people spend their time on marketing.” “Granted, we won’t have an overnight success story,” Ritten emphasizes. “But if we can reduce costs, it’s a start.” Ritten discussed spring calving costs during the 2016 Progressive Rancher Forum, held on Dec. 5. Saige Albert is managing editor of the Wyoming Livestock Roundup and can be reached at

Volume 28 No. 37 • January 14, 2017

MEAD continued from page 1 to Wyoming’s strength and success.” Funding Mead began his address by noting that conservative budgeting and savings have been instrumental in preparing Wyoming’s for the lean budget years. “Past and present leaders of Wyoming have done both,” he said. Currently, Wyoming has $1.59 billion in the Legislative Stabilization Reserve Account (LSRA), commonly know as the rainy day fund, and nearly $7.4 billion in the Permanent Mineral Trust Fund. “These funds have grown substantially during my time in office,” he said. “The rainy day fund is named for rainy days, like those we have been experiencing the last couple of years. It’s raining.” Mead explained that those funds have helped ease the pain of tough revenue times to supplement the budget and provide necessary services to the state of Wyoming. “Questions about the rainy day fund and its use continue to exist,” he said. “I continue to believe we need additional guidelines on the use of this fund that will set parameters and provide our citizens and local governments a better opportunity to refine their budgets by knowing what is the rainy day for and when will it be used.” While carefully using those funds allows the state to backfill coffers during challenging times, he also

noted that such use must be carefully regulated. In 2017-18, $218 million was used from the rainy day fund by the Wyoming Legislature, leaving the fund “healthy,” according to Mead. Top ranks “We see, despite the energy bust, Wyoming has kept high national rankings,” Mead said. “These are indicative of our state’s strength.” Throughout 2016, Wyoming maintained it’s AAA credit rating from Standard and Poor’s, and Wyoming was named the best state to start a business in, to make a living in and to retire in. “These are all from 2016,” Mead emphasized. “That was the difficult year we just went through, and Wyoming was still ranked number one by the Tax Foundation for having the most business-friendly tax climate.” Wyoming was also ranked first in workforce development in the Mountain Region, third for new business startups and sixth for business. “Despite difficult budgets, Wyoming stayed proactive and forward-looking,” Mead said, noting that capital construction projects have allowed the state to continue to move forward. “We have had an incredible opportunity with the wealth created by our citizens and business,” he added. “We are grateful for our partnerships.” Strength moving forward “Here in Wyoming, we are enriched by our great

Governor's initiatives During his State of the State Address, Gov. Matt Mead announced that, in 2016, he served as chairman of the Western Governor’s Association (WGA), where he championed and passed an initiative to introduce necessary reforms to the Endangered Species Act. “As western states, we don’t have the same politics, but we worked with outdoors and environmental groups to put together a proposal,” he explained. “In June last year, WGA voted unanimously for improvements to the Act, and we’re going to take it to the National Governor’s Association and to Congress.” “It’s time to make improvements to the Endangered Species Act,” Mead said. Mead also noted that they also continue to promote the Wyoming Energy Strategy. “I greatly appreciate the Legislature’s support of the Energy Strategy, which has helped with the implementation,” he said. “We want to be the energy state, in terms of production and innovation.” As a result, Mead touted the addition of the carbon initiative to enhance innovation around carbon dioxide capture and the promotion of an industrial part product to bring value-added energy products and industries to the state. “We also continue to implement the Water Strategy that was issued two years ago,” he said. “We continue to work on those projects.” Mead also noted that his rules reduction efforts have been successful, as they have reduced written rules by 30 percent since 2011.


ag, tourism and minerals,” Mead said. “We are keeping the competitive edge, and that’s a wise thing to do at all times, especially in times of constrained revenue.” He continued, “In 2016, we pushed on to promote and diversify our economy.” Mead also noted the importance of agriculture. “We are now and shall always be a proud ag state. Ag puts food on the table and provides open spaces,” he said. “We also have great wildlife and a great respect for the second amendment.” He continued that these traditions have been an instrumental part of bringing in new industries to diversify the state’s economy. In addition, Wyoming saw a year of record-breaking expansion for manufacturing, particularly in terms of the firearms industry. “Our world-class companies manufacture guns, rifles, precision optics, etc.,” Mead said. “Magpul was also recently selected as the exclusive supplied of maga-

“I believe now, more than ever, we can continue to built on a robust industry in Wyoming.” – Gov. Matt Mead lion in cuts, which were difficult to make. Despite the deep cuts that have been made, Mead said he has five simple budget requests for the upcoming year. “I make only five general fund requests – $5 million for local governments, $2 million for the ENDOW initiative, $165,000 for tribal liaison, $500,000 for the UW Science Initiative and $475,000 for UW Strategic Enrollment,” he said. In addition, Mead noted that there are challenges related to education funding, for which he has asked for a separate budget. “Right now, we see a projected shortfall of $1.5 billion over the next six

years,” he said. “That crisis requires big, difficult choices.” “As we face difficult budget times, we know we are better suited to address this now than in the past,” Mead emphasized. “It isn’t just about the numbers or dollars on a single issue. We are obligated to do what is best – not for ourselves or our political parties, but for the citizens of wonderful Wyoming. We will continue to work hard for the citizens of Wyoming, and may God continue to bless Wyoming, the U.S. and all her people.” Saige Albert is managing editor of the Wyoming Livestock Roundup and can be reached at saige@wylr. net.

Watch the archived recording of the State of the State Address by visiting or


36th Annual Angus Bull Sale Tuesday • January

24, 2017 • 1 p.m.

At the Ranch • 12 miles southwest of Scottsbluff, NE • Lunch at 11:30 a.m. Ranch is located 1 mile west of LaGrange, WY




FEATURING 127 YEARLING ANGUS BULLS 100 Short Gestation Calving Ease Bulls 27 Maternal Growth Bulls • Volume Source of Heifer Bulls • All Bulls Born Unassisted • Wintering & Delivery Available




















Tour of Duty is the kind of bull that catches your eye every time. His tremendous length of body and attractive phenotype are just two bonuses that go with his strong performance profile. He ranks in the top ten percent or the breed for nine different traits.

KCH MAXIMUS 084 Reg. # 18471633

Champion Bull Calf at 2016 Wyoming State Fair Sire : PVF Insight 0129

SELLS AS LOT 120! Compare our KCH Bulls to the National Angus Average

Companies comply with rule

U.S. drug companies are meeting new standards imposed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regarding labels on medically important antibiotics used in food animals, the agency announced in a news release. FDA said all affected companies have voluntarily complied with Guidance for Industry #213 that called for changing the marketing of antibiotics administered through animal feed and water requiring veterinary oversight. The guidance, which also removed “growth promotion” claims making it illegal to give antibiotics to healthy animals to promote weight gain, took effect Jan. 1.

zines for combat use for the U.S. Marine Corp. Isn’t that great news for Wyoming?” “I believe now, more than ever, we can continue to built on a robust industry in Wyoming,” he added. Moving forward “Wyoming remains strong heading into this new year, and that’s a big achievement,” Mead said. “We’re keeping the state strong, and there’s a lot of credit to go around.” However, as the state continues to forward, he noted that the budget will be of top concern. In June 2016, Mead said he asked agencies to cut $250 million from their budgets, which are carried forward in his supplemental budget. “The Executive Branch operating budget which was $2.9 billion in 2010, is now $2.5 billion, which is down, not up,” he said. “This reflects a conservative, disciplined budget.” The Wyoming Legislature also voted for $67.7 mil-

Avg. BW

Adj. 205








KCH Avg.










Nat. Avg.










Additional Top Angus Sires:

1 Mile West of LaGrange, WY 307-834-2356

A A R Ten X 7008 S A • Quaker Hill Rampage 0A36 KC Haas GPS • Baldridge Willie Y34 Musgrave Invision • Plattemere Weigh Up K360 KC Haas GPS • PVF Insight 0129 • KM Broken Bow 002


Volume 28 No. 37 • January 14, 2017

RIVERTON LIVESTOCK AUCTION Market Report for Week of JANUARY 10, 2017 5,689 Head Sold

Representative Sales COWS ROCK SPRINGS 3 Cow, 1075# .................................... $59.50 11 Cow, 1035# ..................................... $59.00 1 Cow, 1320# .................................... $56.50 11 Cow, 1314# ..................................... $53.50 PAVILLION 2 Cow, 1300# .................................... $52.50 7 Cow, 1280# .................................... $50.50 STEERS THERMOPOLIS 10 Steer, 344# ................................... $195.00 RIVERTON 4 Steer, 278# ................................... $195.00 46 Steer, 410# ................................... $193.00 BAGGS 19 Steer, 350# ................................... $190.00 THERMOPOLIS 23 Steer, 444# ................................... $183.00 LANDER 29 Steer, 478# ................................... $182.50 RIVERTON 110 Steer, 504# ................................... $174.50 SHOSHONI 16 Steer, 503# ................................... $173.00 HYATTVILLE 36 Steer, 419# ................................... $172.50 LANDER 8 Steer, 456# ................................... $172.00 KINNEAR 11 Steer, 487# ................................... $171.00 19 Steer,512# .................................... $170.00 RIVERTON 5 Steer, 513# ................................... $170.00 25 Steer, 511# ................................... $169.50 KINNEAR 21 Steer, 526# ................................... $169.00 SHOSHONI 48 Steer, 550# ................................... $166.50 LANDER 90 Steer, 547# ................................... $165.55 RIVERTON 11 Steer, 544# ................................... $162.00 WORLAND 38 Steer, 568# ................................... $160.00 LANDER 30 Steer, 567# ................................... $159.25 RIVERTON 100 Steer, 586# ................................... $159.00 62 Steer, 586# ................................... $158.00 PAVILLION 46 Steer, 574# ................................... $154.00 RIVERTON 254 Steer, 612# ................................... $152.75 SHOSHONI 8 Steer, 604# ................................... $152.50 LANDER 7 Steer, 601# ................................... $151.00 KINNEAR 44 Steer, 612# ................................... $149.00 THERMOPOLIS 23 Steer, 618# ................................... $149.00 CODY 12 Steer, 626# ................................... $148.50 KINNEAR 53 Steer, 605# ................................... $145.50 56 Steer, 646# ................................... $144.00 RIVERTON 9 Steer, 647# ................................... $144.00 CODY 11 Steer, 659# ................................... $143.00 THERMOPOLIS 10 Steer, 669# ................................... $143.00 RIVERTON 21 Steer, 684# ................................... $142.25 KINNEAR 10 Steer, 703# ................................... $141.50 WORLAND 51 Steer, 673# ................................... $140.75 PAVILLION 49 Steer, 715# ................................... $139.50 RIVERTON 26 Steer, 717# ................................... $139.00 48 Steer, 721# ................................... $138.75 125 Steer, 692# ................................... $138.25 7 Steer, 707# ................................... $135.00 21 Steer, 745# ................................... $134.75 KINNEAR 31 Steer, 776# ................................... $134.25 RIVERTON 113 Steer, 767# ................................... $134.10 LANDER 32 Steer, 769# ................................... $134.00

WORLAND 105 Steer, 778# ................................... $132.50 HEIFERS RIVERTON 32 Heifer, 389# .................................. $169.00 LANDER 5 Heifer, 388# .................................. $168.00 BAGGS 15 Heifer, 382# .................................. $166.00 SHOSHONI 11 Heifer, 365# .................................. $161.00 3 Heifer, 401# .................................. $160.00 PAVILLION 10 Heifer, 421# .................................. $159.00 RIVERTON 18 Heifer, 448# .................................. $156.00 SHOSHONI 24 Heifer, 449# .................................. $154.00 KINNEAR 17 Heifer, 471# .................................. $152.00 RIVERTON 9 Heifer, 481# .................................. $148.50 LANDER 29 Heifer, 477# .................................. $148.00 SHOSHONI 50 Heifer, 522# .................................. $145.50 FORT WASHAKIE 20 Heifer, 528# .................................. $143.00 PAVILLION 18 Heifer, 498# .................................. $143.00 RIVERTON 50 Heifer, 561# .................................. $142.75 WORLAND 29 Heifer, 546# .................................. $140.50 RIVERTON 15 Heifer, 538# .................................. $140.50 SHOSHONI 43 Heifer, 552# .................................. $139.50 16 Heifer, 548# .................................. $138.75 TENSLEEP 53 Heifer, 593# .................................. $138.00 23 Heifer, 559# .................................. $138.00 THERMOPOLIS 6 Heifer, 585# .................................. $137.50 SHOSHONI 12 Heifer, 592# .................................. $136.50 RIVERTON 13 Heifer, 606# .................................. $136.00 39 Heifer, 581# .................................. $135.50 57 Heifer, 629# .................................. $135.25 TENSLEEP 80 Heifer, 603# .................................. $135.00 KINNEAR 40 Heifer, 596# .................................. $134.00 RIVERTON 70 Heifer, 657# .................................. $132.75 19 Heifer, 707# .................................. $130.00 LANDER 46 Heifer, 713# .................................. $128.25

TUESDAY, JAN. 17 BRED COW & BRED HEIFER SPECIAL EXPECTING 2,500 - 3,000 BREDS START TIME 9:00 AM W/WEIGH UPS BRED COW SPECIAL @ NOON Carlson Farms – 390 Blk Ang & AngX (BWF less than 10%) 3 Yr Old Bred cows. Bred to Krein Blk Ang bulls to start calving 3/10. Ultrasound tested on 10/1. Pulled bulls in 60 days. Comp vacc @ Preg test. Fancy, 2nd calf cows! Cross A Cattle – 200 Blk Ang & AngX 3-5 Yr Old Bred cows. Bred to Blk Ang bulls to calve MarchApril. Rec Virashield 6 VL5 @ Preg Check & Ivomec. Choice, high desert cows! Fox Ranch – 190 Blk Ang Bred Hfrs. 1025-1075# AI Bred to Diamond D Hoover Damn Y2K. To calve Feb 20th. Cleaned up w/Artzen LBW Blk Ang Bulls 60 Blk Ang Bred Hfrs 1025-1075#. To calve March 15th. Synchronized and bred to Thomas Ranch LBW Blk Ang Bulls. Ivomec Injectable, Scourguard, VibrioLepto. Fleur de Lis Cattle Co – 120 Blk Ang & AngX Bred Hfrs. 1000#. AI Bred to Select Sires CTS Remedy & cleaned up w/ LBW Reyes Bulls. To calve March 1st. 95 Blk Ang & AngX 3 Yr Old Bred Cows. Bred to Reyes Blk Ang Bulls. To start calving March 15th. All cattle rec Virashield 6 VL5, Multimin, Vit A&D, & Ivomec. Summered on High Desert Ranch up to 8,000 ft. Choice & Fancy!! Bar Cross Ranch – 140 Blk, BWF, Small % RWF 8 Yr ST Bred cows. Bred to Blk Ang bulls to calve

Early Consignments April-May. Rec Virashield 6 VL5, 8-way & poured @ Preg Ck. High elevation. Blaine Thoman – 100 Blk Ang & AngX Bred Hfrs. 10001050#. Bred to LBW Blk Ang Bulls. To start calving 3/15. VibrioLepto, Poured & Safeguard. Fancy, High Desert Hfrs! Carlson Farms – 80 Blk/BWF & Small % RWF Short Term Bred cows. Bred to Blk Ang bulls to start calving 3/10. Big, stout short term cows! Shane Mastre – 80 Blk 4 Yr Old Bred cows. Bred to Blk & Red Ang bulls to calve April-May. Zeller Ranch – 80 Blk Ang ST & Running age Bred Cows. Bred to Blk Ang bulls to calve March/April. Nichols Ranch – 75 Blk Ang & AngX 7 Yr Old Bred cows. 20 Blk Ang & AngX 3 Yr Old Bred cows. Bred to Blk Ang & small % Durbin Creek Hereford bulls to calve March/April. Been on Spring Guardian program. Fancy, high desert cows! Ubaldo Tarango – 72 Blk Ang & AngX 3 Yr Old Bred cows. Bred to Blk Ang bulls. To calve 3/1. Rec Virashield 6VL5. Poured @ Preg check. Summered high elevation (Cora, WY) Fancy 2nd calf cows! Hopkins Hamilton Ranch – 50 Blk Ang & AngX 3-5 yr old Bred Cows. Bred to pred HD Dunn Blk Ang Bulls. To calve in May. 20 Blk Ang & AngX ST Bred Cows. Bred to HD Dunn Blk Ang Bulls. To calve in May. Reputation, High Desert Cows! A Mill Iron – 30 Blk & Red Young Cow/Calf Pairs. 30 Blk & Red 3-5 Yr Old Bred Cows. To calve March/ April. Cross Lazy Two – 45 Blk Ang Bred Hfrs. 900#. Bred to LBW Lucky 7 Blk Ang Bulls & LBW Polled Durbin Creek Hereford bulls. Start calving 3/15. One brand, ranch raised, high elevation hfrs! Sweat Ranch – 38 Red Ang Bred Hfrs. AI bred to LBW Red Ang bulls to start calving 2/10. Fancy Red Ang Hfrs! 6 Blk Ang Bred Hfrs. AI bred to LBW Blk Ang bulls to start calving 2/10. Tyson Sims – 43 PTO Heiferettes JP Robinson – 14 Blk Ang Bred Hfrs. Bred to LBW Blk Ang Bulls. To calve Feb 1st. 28 Blk Ang 3 Yr Old Bred Cows w/2nd calves. Bred to LBW Blk Ang Bulls. To calve March 1st. 3 Mile Ranch – 45 Blk Ang SS-BM Bred Cows. Bred to Hass Blk Ang Bulls. To calve March/April. Fancy, High Desert cows. CKZ – 40 ST Bred Cows. Bred to Blk Bulls. To calve March/April. Rec Safeguard, Multimin & poured w/ Ivomec. Kent & Brandon Haun – 35 Blk & BWF 7-9 Yr Old Bred Cows. Bred to Blk Sim/Ang Bulls. To calve March/ April. Frank Barrett – 30 Blk SS-ST Bred cows. Bred to Blk Ang bulls to calve 3/15. Big stout calf raisers! Oliver Cattle Company – 25 Blk 7-8 Yr Old Bred cows. 7 Red 7-8 Yr Old Red Bred cows. Bred to Blk Right Time 926 & Sinclair bulls to calve March/April. Easy handling, great disposition cows. Ran out on ranch 8 months a yr then on pasture. Poured this fall. 10 Blk Bred Hfrs. Bred to LBW LTJ Gameday 1421 to calve in March. Easy handling, great disposition hfrs. Ran out on ranch 8 months a yr then on pasture. Poured with fall & Virashield & Vision 7 w/Somnus & Spur. Steve Mines – 25 Blk Ang & AngX ST Bred Cows. Bred to Blk Ang Bulls. To start calving 3/10. Woolery Ranch – 25 Blk Ang & AngX ST Bred cows. Bred to Blk Ang bulls to calve March-April. Choice, high desert cows! Frank Ranch – 20 Blk Ang ST Bred cows. Bred to SO Cattle Co Blk Ang Bulls. To calve Feb/March. Powerful, one brand cows! Gavin Shurtleff – 20 Blk Ang & AngX 3 Yr Old Bred Cows. Bred to Blk Ang Bulls. To start calving March 1st – April 15th. Spring & Fall vacc program. Fancy 2nd calf cows, 45 days calving. Peter Davidson – 16 Blk Ang Bred Cows. Bred to Blk Ang Bulls. To calve March 10th for 60 days. Jiggs Black – 10 Bred cows. Bred to Blk bulls. T&T Cattle – 4 ST Reg. Red Ang Bred Cows. Bred to Reg. Red Ang bull. To calve March. 3 Blk Bred Hfrs. Bred to LBW Blk Ang Bull. To calve March/April. Ryan & Dillon Hedges – 2 Reg Blk Ang Bred Hfrs. AI’d to Coneally LBW Bulls, cleaned up w/SO Ang LBW Bulls To calve Feb/March. 1 Reg Shorthorn Bred Hfr. Bred to LBW SO Ranch Ang Bull. 1 5 Yr Old Holstien Nurse Cow. Bred to Blk Bull. 5 3-6 Yr Old Char & CharX Ang Bred Cows. Bred to

Blk & Red Bulls. To calve Feb/March. 1 AngX Bred Hfr. Bred to LBW Blk Ang Bull. To calve March/April.

TUESDAY, JAN. 24 WEANED CALF SPECIAL EXPECTING 3,000 HEAD START TIME 9:00 AM Burton Ranch – 425 Blk Ang & AngX Str & Hfr calves. 500-550#. 2 Rounds of shots. Poured, weaned, hay fed. Fancy, One Brand, High Desert calves. Mark & Amanda Huffstetler – 170 Blk Ang Strs. 600-650# 50 Blk Ang Hfrs. 500-550#. Hfrs are Bangs vacc. Rec Vista Once SQ & Vision 7 w/Somnus @ brand & wean. Poured w/Ivomec @ wean. Over 60 days weaned. Hay fed, One Brand, Fancy! Steve Mines – 100 Blk Ang & AngX Strs. 550-625#. 80 Blk Ang & AngX Hfrs. 525-575#. Rec Vista Once SQ, 7-way w/Somnus & Poured @ wean. Hay fed. Reputation, High Desert, One Brand calves! Jim Eaton – 110 Blk & Small % CharX Str calves. 550650# 60 Blk & Small % CharX Hfr calves. 525-600#. 2 Rounds of Titanium 5 + PHM & Vision 8 w/Somnus. Fed Long Stem Hay. Fancy, High Desert! Dustin Eaton – 125 Blk Str calves. 550-650# 50 Blk Hfr calves. 525-600#. 2 Rounds of Titanium 5 + PHM & Vision 8 w/Somnus. Fed Long Stem Hay. Fancy, High Desert! Diamond D Cattle Co – 115 Blk & Small % Red Strs 600750# 95 Blk & Small % Red Hfrs 575-700#. Rec BoviGold One Shot & Ultrabac 7 w/Somnus @ Brand & Weaning (Mid Oct). Ivomec @ weaning. Hfrs are Bangs vacc. One brand, high elevation calves! Tim Tolton – 155 Blk Ang & AngX Str & Hfr calves. 550-650#. Rec Virashield 6 & 7-way @ brand & wean. Weaned 11/1. Poured @ wean. Hay fed. Fancy, Green, High Elev! Ed & Beverly Shumway – 130 Blk Strs & Hfrs 600#. Weaned since Oct. 2 rounds of shots. Hay fed. Broken Anvil Cattle Co – 115 Blk Ang Str & Hfr calves. 500-600#. Comp vacc @ brand & wean. Sired by Powerful Blk Ang Powerline Bulls. Weaned 45 days. Jess Bartlett – 100 Blk Ang & AngX Strs & Hfrs 550-650#. Comp vacc @ branding & weaning. 75+ days weaned! Fancy, high desert, hay fed calves! Joe & Deanna Crofts – 85 Blk Ang & AngX Hfrs 525#. Comp vacc @ branding. Bangs vaccinated. Weaned mid Oct. Rec Pyramid 5, Vision 8 w/Somnus, Once PMH & Ivomec. Hay fed. Choice, high desert calves! Mike & Cindy Fabrizius – 75 Blk Ang & AngX Hfrs 575#. Comp vacc @ branding. Bangs vaccinated. Weaned mid Oct. Rec Pyramid 5, Vision 8 w/Somnus, Once PMH & Ivomec. Hay fed. Choice, high desert calves! Don Mines – 75 Blk Ang & AngX Str & Hfr calves. 500600#. Choice, High Desert. Gordon & Sandy Maxson – 50 Blk Strs & Hfrs 600-650#. All Natural. Frank Barrett – 45 Blk Strs & Hfrs 650-750#. Weaned 10/15. Comp vacc & poured. Hay fed. Fancy! Pete Dempster – 40 Blk Strs & Hfrs 500-600#. Weaned & poured. Andy & Brooke McWilliams – 30 Blk & BWF Str & Hfr calves 550-650#. Comp vacc @ brand. Weaned 11/13. Rec Pyramid 5 + Presponse, Vision 7 w/Somnus & poured. Hay fed & knife cut. High desert calves! Rocky & Janice McWilliams – 12 Blk & BWF Str & Hfr calves 550-700#. Comp vacc @ brand. Weaned 11/13. Rec Pyramid 5 + Presponse, Vision 7 w/Somnus & poured. Hay fed & knife cut. High desert calves!

TUESDAY, JAN. 31 BRED COW & BRED HEIFER SPECIAL ALONG W/SHEEP, GOAT & HORSE START TIME 9:00 AM W/SHEEP BRED COW SPECIAL @ NOON Anderson Ranch – 150 Blk Ang Bred Hfrs. Bred to LBW Blk Ang bulls (Clay Creek) to calve March-April. Origin Stratton Sheep Co. Choice, high desert bred hfrs! Schieffer Land & Cattle – 150 Blk & BWF 3 & 4 Yr Old Bred cows. Bred to Stevenson Blk Ang bulls to start calving 3/10. Rec Virashield 6 VL5 & poured 50 Blk & BWF Bred Hfrs. Bred to LBW Stevenson Blk Ang bulls to start calving 3/10. Rec Virashield 6 VL5 & poured. Nice breds! Corbett Ranch – 35 ST Bred Cows. Bred to Lucky 7 & Clay Creek Blk Ang Bulls. To calve March/April & some May/June

Contact: Riverton Livestock Auction (307) 856-2209 • Jeff Brown (307) 850-4193 • Tom Linn (307) 728-8519 • Mark Winter (580) 747-9436 • Also watch our live cattle auction at

1490 South 8th Street East • River ton, WY 82501 • (307) 856-2209


PLC, NCBA develop priorities for new presidential administration Washington, D.C. – As President-elect Donald Trump prepare for inauguration on Jan. 20, the Public Lands Council (PLC) and National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA) released a document identifying their federal land management priorities “to bring responsible management and economic viability back to the western landscape.” “This is just the beginning of a long transition process,” said Ethan Lane, PLC director. “Over the coming weeks and months, PLC staff will continue to communicate with the Trump Administration and members of the 115th Congress to ensure that ranchers who operate on public lands have operation certainty and that policy and regulations are based on sound science, common sense and the input from local stakeholders.” Priority document The document, titled, Charting a Path Forward: Federal Land Management in the New Administration, began with a letter issued by the PLC, NCBA, the American Sheep Industry Association and Association of National Grasslands, Inc., as well as 21 partner organizations in 11 western states, that emphasized the importance of federal land management in the West. “In the past eight years, ranchers and other multiple use interests in the West have witnessed an almost wholesale shift in federal land management policy,” the letter read. “What was once – and statutorily continues to be – a clear directive to manage BLM lands for multiple use and sustained yield has instead shifted towards a wholesale focus on ‘conservation’ without responsible management.” It further notes hope that the Trump Administration will re-evaluate policies and work with the livestock community to make necessary changes in federal land policies. P L C Secretary/Treasurer and Wyoming rancher Niels Hansen commented, “This process started a long time ago, and right after we saw the outcome of the election, we really began working hard to get our priorities together.” He noted that there are no new issues on their priority list, and they prioritized their top issues. “Trump’s team sent out word to everyone –

not just agriculture, but everyone – to come up with bullet points,” Hansen explained. “They didn’t want lengthy documents, but they were looking for bullet points on the regulations that negatively affect businesses that the administration can quickly address.” NCBA and PLC pulled together in Denver, Colo. in early December and created a rough outline of their issues. Then, the draft was finalized and sent out to partnering organizations to sign on. “We’ve been sitting on the document until it was finally legal to communicate to the transition team,” Hansen said, “and after the first of the year, we rolled it out.” Top issues The nine-page document addresses the Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management (BLM), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Army Corps of Engineers, Department of Agriculture, U.S. Forest Service, National Environmental Policy Act reform, litigation reform, tax reform, presidential budget and congressional appropriations. Within the first 100 days in office, the Associations are calling on the administration to bring an immediate halt to the Sage Grouse Resource Management Plans, repeal the sprawling monument designations made through abuse of the Antiquities Act, address the critical habitat designations imposing stifling restrictions on landowners and immediately withdraw EPA’s Waters of the United States rule and the BLM’s Planning 2.0 rule. Hansen emphasized, “We’ve got to get BLM’s Planning 2.0 rolled back. We’ve also got some major issues with the Forest Planning documents.” He also said that language must be adopted to pull back implementation of sage grouse plans. “Prior to the election, we were told that BLM was going to take three years to roll out the sage grouse plans,” Hansen commented. “One of the guys that helped us already got notice that they have kicked back his turnout date from April to the first of July. That is a major impact.” Other side of D.C. With a list of issues

Read the entirety of the Public Lands Council and National Cattlemen’s Beef Association’s federal land management priorities document at

in hand, Hansen and several other PLC members hit the Hill in Washington, D.C. to visit with congressmen and women. “We went to the Hill and met with as many as the offices as we could get into,” Hansen said. “We handed them the document and explained the urgency of our points. We wanted to make sure they had a face to put with the issue to understand what’s going on in our world.” He also commented that the atmosphere of Washington, D.C. has changed in the wake of the election. “It’s a whole different atmosphere in Washington, D.C., a totally different place from the last eight years,” Hansen said. “It’s really exciting.”

“Ranchers and other multiple-use interests in the West have been subjected to an almost wholesale shift in federal land management policy under the Obama administration,” said Dave Eliason, PLC president. The priorities laid out by the Associations are necessary to restore balance to federal land management and set an agenda that will ensure that ranchers can continue their tradition of stewardship well into the future.” This article was compiled from the released document, several press releases and an interview with Niels Hansen by Saige Albert, managing editor of the Wyoming Livestock Roundup. Send comments to saige@wylr. net.

“It’s a whole different atmosphere in Washington, D.C., a totally different place from the last eight years. It’s really exciting.” – Niels Hansen, Public Lands Council

Congressional meeting - U.S. Sen. John Barrasso (R-Wyo.) (center back) recently met with the Public Lands Council (PLC) officers in his Washington, D.C. office. The team includes PLC Associate Director Marci Schlup (back left), PLC Secretary/Treasurer Niels Hansen (back right) and (front, left to right) PLC President Dave Eliason, PLC Vice President Bob Skinner and Utah rancher Rex Sacco. Courtesy photo

Bulls Born & Raised Where Corn Don’t Grow!!

Powder River Angus Annual Bull Sale Friday, February 10, 2017

Buffalo Livestock Auction • Buffalo, WY Lunch - 11 a.m. • Sale - 1 p.m. MST Free Delivery • Free Wintering • BVD Tested • Ultrasounded

Lot 3 PRA Aviator 608

Lot 4

DOB: 1/23/16 • AAA#: 18599302 • Aviator x Windy 078 CED: +8 BW: -0.2 WW: +55 YW: +96 M: +25 BW: 77 Adj. 205: 761

PRA Saber 6110

DOB: 2/16/16 • AAA#: 18599128 • Tiger x Super X CED: +11 BW: -0.1 WW: +58 YW: +98 M: +31 BW: 85 Adj. 205: 829

Sires Represented:

HF Tiger 5T • Musgrave Aviator • Koupals B&B Identity Soo Line Motive 9016 • Styles Cash R400 S Titlest 1145 • 249 Windy 449 J V

Powder River Angus Neal & Amanda Sorenson • Spotted Horse, WY 307.736.2260 (h) • 307.680.7359 (c)

Lot 6 PRA Aviator 6142

DOB: 2/20/16 • AAA#: 18599336 • Aviator x Frontrunner CED: +7 BW: +0.6 WW: +63 YW: +107 M: +25 BW: 88 Adj. 205: 805

Lot 11 PRA Tiger 6115

DOB: 2/17/16 • AAA#: 18599125 • Tiger x Alliance CED: +11 BW: +0.2 WW: +52 YW: +94 M: +30 BW: 84 Adj. 205: 751


Volume 28 No. 37 • January 14, 2017

Developing heifers to target weight improves pregnancy rates, longevity Managing heifers nutritionally can be challenging for producers, and it is incredibly important for the productivity of the heifer later in life, comments an Idaho Extension specialist. “Certainly we’ve got a lot of opportunities to influence the nutrition of heifers are various times of their lives, whether they are preweaning or post-weaning, but the other challenge we have is that there’s a lot of different environments in which we have to raise cows. She has to work as a cow, so that also influences how we develop those heif-

ers,” says University of Idaho Beef Extension Specialist John Hall. Time of pregnancy Hall emphasizes that a pregnant heifer is not the same as an early pregnant heifer. “There’s a significant advantage in getting those heifers pregnant early in the breeding season,” he says, citing research from the U.S. Meat Animal Research Center by Cushman, et. al. in 2013. “Those heifers that became pregnant in the first 21 days of the breeding season had greater longevity, stayed in

the herd longer, produced more calves in their lifetime and produced more pounds of calf.” “Getting those heifers to breed early in their first breeding season is the key to lifetime productivity,” Hall comments. “Certainly one of the ways we can control that is through nutrition.” Nutritional impacts Ensuring that heifers are pregnant early begins prior to weaning. “The pre-weaning phase is not a phase we have a lot of control over,” Hall says. “It tends to be

influenced by the milk production of the dam and the forage availability during the time of year that the calf is on its mother.” He continues, “We do know from research that those animals that are heavier at weaning are the ones that tend to come into heat sooner and breed more effectively throughout the course of the year.” At the end of the day, heifers that gain more from birth to weaning also tend to breed early in the breeding season. As a result, early weaning can have positive

Booth’s Cherry Creek Angus ANNUAL

Progress Through Performance Bull Sale Sale Date: Thursday, February 9, 2017 At the ranch in Veteran, WY Lunch: Noon • Sale Time: 1 p.m.

Selling 180 bulls including 100 PAP tested fall bulls

These bulls were PAP Tested in Centennial, WY by Dr. Tim Holt after spending the summer at over 8,000’.

All bulls will be


PAP 45


PAP 41




Absolute X Upward 032 DOB: 8/22/15 • Reg# 18519739 BWT: 81 lbs. CED: 1 BW: 2.3 WW: 70 YW: 123 Milk: 30 $W: 76.29 $B: 145.71

Absolute X Basin Credence X951 DOB: 8/7/15 • Reg# 18519721 BWT: 69 lbs. CED: 9 BW: -.2 WW: 66 YW: 112 Milk: 27 $W: 75.5 $B: 149.45

PAP 40

PAP 35


LOT 56


Payweight 1682 X Chinook DOB: 9/6/15 • Reg# 18519960 BWT: 75 lbs. CED: 7 BW: -.1 WW: 67 YW: 121 Milk: 29 $W: 71 $B: 148.58


SR Impression 2076 X In Focus DOB: 9/26/15 • Reg# 18476906 BWT: 78 lbs. CED: 7 BW: 1.4 WW: 67 YW: 110 Milk: 28 $W: 65.86 $B: 127.29

Shawn & Diane 307-534-5865 • Michael & Lindsy 307-532-1805 Kacey 307-532-1532 •

“We do know from research that those animals that are heavier at weaning are the ones that tend to come into heat sooner and breed more effectively throughout the course of the year.” – John Hall, University of Idaho impacts on heifers because producers have more control over the heifer’s diet at that point. Hall notes that, after looking at several studies, heifers that are weaned between 90 and 100 days, then put on a high-concentrate or high starch diet and managed the same as their counterparts often reach puberty earlier and have higher pregnancy rates. “That tells us that the pre-weaning phase is a critical time in the heifer’s life,” Hall says. “That nutrition that she is exposed to can affect her subsequent reproduction for the rest of her life.” “It’s key for us, as managers, to keep track of that,” he adds. Pre- and post-weaning “The pre-weaning phase is a critical phase for the heifer,” Hall says. “It’s an important phase in terms of her reproductive life and one we don’t have a lot of management strategies for, but it’s certainly one we have to think more strongly about.” However, post-weaning phases of the heifer’s life is the one that producers have control over, and it has also been studied intensively. Looking at research, Hall says that many studies have clearly demonstrated that limiting nutrition can delay puberty, which increases the likelihood that they will have trouble getting pregnant, resulting in long-term reduction in reproductive rates. “On the other hand, if we have a program in which rates of gain are better for heifers, we see those heifers perform well,” he explains. “These studies gave us the recommendation that heifers need to gain between 1.25 and 1.75 pounds per day from weaning until breeding to reach the proper weight.” Feeding strategies Another aspect that studies have looked at is the merit of feeding heifers in a big group compared to in several smaller groups by weight. “If we split them into two separate groups and feed them according to their size, studies have shown that not only do

those lightweight heifers have an advantage, but we have also grown them most appropriately for their target weight,” Hall explains. The result, he adds, is higher pregnancy rates across the herd. “When we have big heifers and little heifers in the pen, the big heifers get over-fed, and they get more fat,” he says, noting that, at the same time, smaller heifers are underfed. Staggered feeding Feeding heifers can be expensive, but Hall notes that they do not have to be fed on a steady plane from weaning until breeding. “Can we kind of rough them through the winter when the weather is cold and it’s expensive to feed and then push them along before spring comes?” he asks. “There’s a number of different studies, but across all those studies, it didn’t matter whether it was slow, even gain or slow, then fast gain before the breeding season in a stair-step method. There’s no statistical difference between the heifers.” As long as heifers reach their target weight, Hall says it is less important how the heifers get there. In some fairly new data, Hall also says that there are may be advantages to using a stair-step method to feeding heifers, though the research needs to be done to confirm that research. “From the dairy industry, we now see that the stair-step method prevents adipose tissue in the udder, so, therefore, it allows milk production to be better,” Hall comments. “There does seem to be some advantage over an even gain methodology.” “As managers, we can use that to our advantage to decrease feed costs, increase profitability and still maintain heifer productivity,” he notes. Hall spoke during the 2016 Applied Reproductive Strategies in Beef Cattle Workshop, held in Des Moines, Iowa on Sept. 6-7, 2016. Saige Albert is managing editor of the Wyoming Livestock Roundup and can be reached at saige@wylr. net.

WSGA hosts Wyoming Day at NWSS

The Wyoming Stock Growers Association (WSGA) will once again host producers for Wyoming Day at the National Western Stock Show (NWSS) on Jan. 21. In an event open to the public, WSGA will take a bus from Cheyenne to Denver, Colo. for the event. For a full-day registration fee of $120, attendees will be able to ride the bus from Cheyenne to Denver and will be treated to lunch, a rodeo performance and dinner. Halfday registration is also available for $60, which includes lunch and the rodeo only. For more information or a complete schedule, contact Haley Lockwood at 307-638-3942 or

Volume 28 No. 37 • January 14, 2017


By Scott Lake, UW Extension Livestock Specialist

Weighing in on the Cow Size Debate

It seems that lately almost every beef magazine, meeting or even Extension publication has covered the importance of cow size. And almost everywhere I turn, the message being delivered is that smaller cows are more efficient and profitable, and bigger cows are going to cause you to go bankrupt. This has become a major point of contention for me personally. Don’t get me wrong – I am not advocating bigger cows, per se, but the blanket statement that smaller cows

are more efficient and more profitable just because they don’t eat as much is simply not true. The point that most of these articles or talks misses is one major factor – every cattle producer has a different environment. To make a blanket statement about size of cow, whether large or small, without consideration of environment is simply missing the point. There is a classical study from the U.S. Meat Animal Research Center in Nebraska


that details the importance of cow size and environment. The study demonstrates that, in higher energy environments, larger cows are more efficient because they can be much more productive than smaller cows. They will have enough extra energy to be productive and still maintain their condition to rebreed. The increased efficiency is because they will be more productive, yielding more milk, a heavier weaned calf, etc. Contrarily, in low energy environments like rangelands, smaller cows will be more efficient because they will be able to meet their requirements and maintain adequate condition to rebreed in a timely manner. Their increased efficiency is due to their ability to rebreed at an acceptable rate, while larger cows in a low energy system will have poor conception rates. So how does this apply to

the Wyoming producer? If I run cows in the Red Desert or the Shirley Basin, I want to be very cognizant of my environment and make sure my cow size stays in line with my cow requirements. However, if I run cows on irrigated pastures in the Big Horn Basin or Torrington or perhaps have winter wheat in Wheatland, bigger cows make sense. They are going to be more productive and produce bigger calves while rebreeding, which is the very definition of improved efficiency. In summary, I strongly believe that we need to match the environment and resources with cow requirements. Within the confines of that environment, having the highest-producing cows that individual environments allow will optimize profitability.

DOI releases coal reform program The U.S. Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Land Management (BLM) released the results of a comprehensive, public review of the nation’s federal coal program on Jan. 11. The review, based on hundreds of thousands of public comments and prompted by a Secretarial Order issued in 2016, examined concerns about the federal coal program that have been raised by the Government Accountability Office, the Interior Department’s Inspector General, Members of Congress and the public. “Based on the thoughtful input we received through this extensive review, there is a need to modernize the federal coal program,” said U.S. Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell. “We have a responsibility to ensure the public – including state governments – get a fair return from the sale of America’s coal, operate the program efficiently and in a way that meets the needs of our neighbors in coal communities and minimize the impact coal production has on the planet that our children and grandchildren will inherit.” The report sets out the best policy ideas available for addressing these important issues and identifies the additional data and technical work needed to decide how to move forward.

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Volume 28 No. 37 • January 14, 2017

Researchers look at alternative dewormers to address parasite resistance “Because of anthelmintic resistance and increased interest from a lot of producers in alternative dewormers, researchers came together and said, ‘Let’s see if we can repeat these results in controlled experiments,’” said Virginia State University Cooperative Extension Small Ruminant Specialist Dahlia O’Brien.

In a presentation for sheep and goat producers through Maryland Extension, O’Brien discussed the current status of alternative deworming product research, as well as practical management strategies for reducing a flock’s susceptibility to internal parasites. Mixed results According to O’Brien,

a flood of personal testimonies on the efficacy of various alternative products for deworming has been available in recent years, but very little conclusive research has been done. “A lot of the information we have on herbal dewormers is anecdotal or hearsay, and there has been limited research to provide verification,” said O’Brien. “Even when producers can find research that supports the anthelmintic properties of individual herbs and natural plant products, the products are inconsistent.” She illustrated this point by referencing a variety of studies on the use of garlic, papaya, pumpkin seeds and other herbal dewormers that all had conflicting results on the products efficacy in reducing fecal egg counts. “I came across an article where sheep were inoculated with the Barber pole worm and then treated with papaya where fecal egg counts were reduced by 98 percent,” said O’Brien. “However, in control experiments conducted in Arkansas and Maryland, there was no effect from garlic or papaya on fecal egg counts.” She commented that, because of the mixed results, she could not make a confident statement whether herbal products have any effect on fecal egg counts. “What I will say is that

herbal dewormers should always be combined with other integrated parasite management techniques,” said O’Brien. “It is important to know the status of drug resistance on our farm, so these techniques can be used in conjunction with an effective chemical dewormer.” Copper use Considerable research has been done on the use of copper oxide wire particles (COWP), which is commonly used to treat copper deficiency in sheep and goats, in parasite control programs. “There’s overwhelming evidence that it reduces fecal egg counts in both sheep and goats,” said O’Brien. She did caution that sheep are particularly sensitive to copper and can easily be intoxicated. “Their margin of safety between required amount of copper and toxic level is extremely narrow, so we should be cautious when using any kind of copper product in our herd or

“It is important to know the status of drug resistance on our farm so these techniques can be used in conjunction with an effective chemical dewormer.” – Dahlia O’Brien, Virginia State University Cooperative Extension flock,” she explained. “It’s best to know the copper status on our farm before we start using copper products.” In multiple studies looking at using COWP to reduce fecal egg counts, researchers have found that it is effective against the Barber pole worm. It is suspected that the product changes the environment in the abomasum and causes physical damage to the larvae. “COWP been tested in both sheep and goats, and it’s been tested in multiple locations. It’s been tested in young animals versus old animals and has been found to be effective in reducing fecal egg counts. Therefore, we can be more confident in recommending that COWP

Variation “We see variation and inconsistency in alternative dewormer efficacy studies mainly because the active ingredients vary and common names do not always refer to the same plant,” explained Virginia State University Cooperative Extension Small Ruminant Specialist Dahlia O’Brien. She explained that the recommended active ingredients might not be in a high enough concentration in different plant varieties to be effective in working as an anthelmintic. O’Brien continued, “If we need a specific amount of that active ingredient for it to demonstrate anthelmintic properties, how can we be sure that 500 grams of pumpkin seeds from one variety have the same amount of that active ingredient as another pumpkin variety found in the same place or somewhere else?” Scientific studies have not been consistent in testing similar amounts of certain plants or in using the same varieties of plants, making it difficult to make any conclusions. “For us to be confident and say that an herbal product works, then these herbal products would have to be tested in all species, in different age classes and also in different locations,” commented O’Brien. “There’s just not a lot of consistency in these herbal dewormers and the studies conducted to be able to say for sure that they work. We also have to be cautious because some herbs can be toxic to animals,” she stressed.

be included in an integrated parasite control program, specifically to control H. contortus,” asserted O’Brien. Tannin feeding Feeding animals plants containing concentrated tannins, such as sericea lespedeza and chicory, is another alternative option that researchers have found promising for use in parasite control programs. In studies that looked at grazing or feeding hay to animals made from concentrated tannin plant species, O’Brien noted that there was considerable impacts on Barber pole worms and protozoan parasites. “Feeding fresh, dried or preserved forms of sericea lespedeza has been shown to have some level of antiparasitic activity against H. contortus,” she said. “Research has also shown that it is effective against protozoan parasites that cause coccidiosis in sheep and goats.” Forage chicory is another species that has been evaluated and found effective in reducing fecal egg counts. However, producers should use discretion when feeding concentrated tannins, as extended feeding may result in adverse effects on the animal’s nutrition. “Plants that contain condensed tannins appear to be very good choices in integrating in a parasite control system, but extended feeding can cause problems with trace mineral absorption,” commented O’Brien. Emilee Gibb is editor of Wyoming Livestock Roundup and can be reached at

Volume 28 No. 37 • January 14, 2017


Tips to evaluate ranching records highlight Northeast Colorado Cattlemen Days As producers wait for a rally in the cattle market, it may be a good time to evaluate financial records to find the strengths and weaknesses in the operation. Speakers during the Northeastern Colorado Cattlemen Days provided producers with some tips to help evaluate the profitability of their operations. Expense evaluation Robert Tigner, an Extension educator with the University of Nebraska, asked producers what their highest expenses are and how they compare to others with the same type of operations. “If we measure it, we need to be able to determine how to reduce it,” he explained. “Also, make sure to compare the same type of operation to the benchmarks we are using.” Tigner encouraged stockmen to sit down with some paper and a calculator and determine their total costs. “Don’t forget to include fixed costs in these calculations,” he stressed. “If we don’t include everything, we may not be making enough to reinvest in our operation.” Producers also need to consider depreciation. “It can get us in trouble, especially if we pay too much for anything,” he said. Tigner said producers should also evaluate if their assets are earning their way and how well capital assets are being used to generate gross revenues. Example analysis As an example, he questioned whether an 18-year-old cow is paying her way. She may still

be generating a calf each year, but what does that calf wean? Tigner shared some results of some ranching operations that were analyzed based on management. This research showed a $400 difference in returns over direct expenses between ranches operating in the top 35 percent of their peer group versus those in the bottom 20 percent. The difference is $80,000 for a rancher with 200 cows. Numbers like these are what makes financial evaluation so important. If producers can pinpoint areas they can improve upon, they can move that bottom line, he said. “Evaluate whether management changes can allow us to move into a higher profitability group,” Tigner said. Hay – don’t waste it Tigner said feed and pasture costs still remain the number one expense in cattle production. He talked to producers about a recent study looking at how to reduce hay loss. Hay waste can account for 25 to 45 percent of feed loss. “Cattle do not need excess feed,” Tigner said. Overfeeding causes trampling and over consumption, and cattle defecate on the uneaten feed or using it for bedding. Hay losses can be minimized by feeding more often and in a welldesigned bale feeder. Feeding hay in bunks can keep losses at three to 14 percent, while solid panel hay feeders will have losses of three to 10 percent “Large bales fed free choice can result in losses

exceeding 45 percent,” he said. Tigner urged producers to feed cows daily and according to their dietary needs. “A quarter more hay is needed when a four-day supply is fed versus a oneday supply,” he explained. “A dry cow will eat up to 15 to 20 percent more hay than her needs, which is almost 500 pounds per cow over a four-month period.” For 100 cows, that is 24 tons, and at $90 a ton, this could amount to a savings of $2,160. Supplement Chris Shelley, Colorado State University Extension educator, discussed the importance of supplements in a feeding program. “Our production goals will define our supplement requirements,” he said. “It is also important to consider the microbes and the impact the supple-

ments will have on their requirements.” “The microbes need to be targeted for what they need because they are important to the digestion of feed,” he explained. Producers need to remember the seasonal influence on grass production. “Grass nutrition will change based on time of year,” Shelley said. “As a producer, we need to understand what is out there and if it still meets the cattle’s dietary needs.” There is still plenty of energy in grass even when it is dormant, Shelley said, but producers may need to supplement the cattle with some protein to unlock that energy. A lot of range has either unlimited or slightly limited forage during the winter, but the protein is less than five percent, Shelley said. “Some ranchers will purchase alfalfa because it

“Evaluate whether management changes can allow us to move into a higher profitability group.” – Robert Tigner, University of Nebraska Extension is high in energy and protein to supplement their cattle,” he explained. Protein is high in nitrogen, which is important for a ruminant. “Ruminants will recycle nitrogen back through the rumen, rather than excrete it,” he explained. “Energy supplements don’t work the same way because ruminants cannot recycle energy through the rumen.” Economics Any time producers choose to supplement their cattle, Shelley said they need to put a pencil to finding the best supplement at the best price. “Supplementation costs can also be reduced by frequency. If producers can reduce how often they put out supplement, it can reduce

the cost significantly without having much impact on the cows,” he said. Shelley shared some data that showed cattle that were supplemented three times a week showed no difference in performance, weight or body condition score than those that were supplemented seven days a week. However, supplementing three days a week can mean big savings in labor, vehicle and maintenance costs. “It could be up to a 60 percent reduction in costs,” Shelley stated. Gayle Smith is a correspondent for the Wyoming Livestock Roundup. Send comments on this article to roundup@wylr. net.


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Volume 28 No. 37 • January 14, 2017

Schell: Parasite control becomes even more important during stressful periods When cattle are at their most vulnerable, that is when parasites are likely to appear, according to a scientist with the University of Wyoming (UW) Extension. After a harsh Wyoming winter, some ranchers and scientists in the state found out first-hand how bad a cattle lice infestation can get. “We had an issue last spring with some of the ranchers in the Laramie Valley,” explains Scott Schell. “Their cattle came down with a heavy infes-

tation of lice.” “Some of the heavy pregnant cows got down trying to scratch their backs and died,” he says. These cattle were in the middle of late gestation and early lactation, which is considered two of the most stressful periods for cows. The ranchers that were impacted suffered both production and death losses. Although the state doesn’t typically see heavy lice infestations, Schell attributes it to the harsh spring weather. This

year, Schell is attempting to inform ranchers about what happened, so they can be better prepared. Nutrition Schell says, while it is possible for healthy cattle to have an immune response that will help suppress sucking lice, the key is having cattle that are not nutritionally stressed. “If we have a rough winter, the cattle will be more stressed than usual, which makes them more susceptible,” he says. Lice live in the micro-

derm layer of the hair right next to the skin. If the skin gets too hot, they retreat to cooler areas, like the armpit or crotch of the animal. Lice control Lice can come in different types, including blood-feeders, chewing or biting lice. “The blood-feeders feed on the blood of the animal and cause the animal to get anemia because of the nutrients they steal,” Schell explains. Although injectable drugs will control sucking lice, they don't have an impact on chewing or biting lice, Schell says. “Chewing and biting lice are not feeding on any body parts that have a high enough level of the injectable to kill them,” he explains. “Producers will need a separate form of treatment to control them.” Chewing lice have a three to four week life cycle, which is close to how long most parasite control methods are viable. Most pour-ons only last 10 days, which doesn’t cover the full period until the lice eggs hatch, he says. “If the hair coat on the animal is thick, it is a perfect environment for lice,” the Extension educator explains. “Lice don’t need a male to reproduce, so they all produce eggs during this time.” Producers planning to apply an insecticide need

“If we have a rough winter, the cattle will be more stressed than usual, which makes them more susceptible.” – Scott Schell, UW Extension to realize they can’t use a pour-on and an injectable with the same active ingredients at the same time. “If ranchers are using an injectable, they should find something to use that will be compatible with their injectable,” Schell tells producers. “Look at the labeling and know how long it is going to last.” “Eggs and nits will be immune to whatever the producer applies, so we will have to wait until the eggs hatch to treat the cattle,” he explains. “The product needs to last longer than two weeks to get all the eggs.” Novel products Producers can check into a newer product on the market called Clean Up II. This product contains a pyrethoid, which is fast-acting and kills adult biting and sucking lice and louse eggs before they hatch. Clean Up II also has a secondary ingredient, which extends the residual control for a long period of time. Producers may also want to consider using back-rubbers, dust bags and ear tags, along with an injectable or pour-on. “The key to back rub-

Parasite management UW Extension Range Specialist Derek Scasta offers producers the following tips to develop a parasite management program. 1. Develop a long-term prevention plan 2. Monitoring 3. Correct pest identification 4. Management when needed 5. Preventing pest problems by being proactive not reactive 6. Combining tools 7. Manage for economic thresholds

bers and dust bags is to place them where the cattle have to go through them to get to something they want,” Schell explains. Selection decisions Producers should also look at lice-resistance as a selection tool, Schell continues. “There are studies out there that cattle can be selected for lice-resistance,” he explains. “It mostly applies to sucking lice because they generate an immune response from feeding on the blood. The immune system of the cattle can recognize that and develop resistance to them.” “If it is within the scope of an operation, ranchers should select for animals resistant to parasites because that trait contributes to positive gain in the calves and the cows will breed back sooner,” adds UW Extension Educator Derek Scasta. On the other hand, if female lice can develop resistance to insecticide, she can make clones of herself that will be genetically identical and will also be resistant to insecticide. “Using the same product over and over without using resistance management could cause a problem,” Schell says. Studies in Alberta, Canada have also shown some cows can also become chronic carriers of lice. Chronic carriers can be caused by genetics or even be the older cows in the herd, Schell says. Gayle Smith is a correspondent for the Wyoming Livestock Roundup. Send comments on this article to

VALLEY VIDEO HAY MARKETS Valley Video Hay Markets would like to thank all of our loyal Hay Growers in Eastern Wyoming and Western Nebraska for a very successful year. Since June, we have moved over 27,000 tons of hay out of our valley to our consistent customer base across the country. Demand is very good going into 2017. Call now for professional assistance in buying or selling your Hay and Forage.

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Volume 28 No. 37 • January 14, 2017


Producers are urged to be active in creating 2018 Farm Bill policy As the 115th Congress convenes for 2018, many changes are being discussed on Capitol Hill. During end of the year, a Farm Foundation Forum was held in Washington, D.C. that discussed expected changes for the 2018 Farm Bill. Agricultural organizations nationwide urged farmers and ranchers to begin thinking about the 2018 Farm Bill and expressing their preferences. “It’s not too soon to start talking about this Farm Bill, and we encourage producers to be active in the policy making process this winter,” said American Farm Bureau (AFBF) Lobbyist Mary Kay Thatcher. Background “When I talk to farmers, many of them say, ‘Why don’t we rename the Farm Bill so people know what it’s about. It’s not a farm bill as much as it’s a food bill,’” commented Thatcher. In the 2014 Farm Bill,

77 percent of the bill cost was in the form of nutrition programs. “It’s primarily the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), which was formerly called food stamps. However, it also includes funding for the Emergency Food Assistance Program, the Senior's Farmers’ Markets Program and the U.S. Department of Agriculture Snack Program for children,” explained Thatcher. The 2014 bill’s second largest component was crop insurance, which is 10 percent of the bill. “It’s been a very successful program, insuring almost 90 percent of all of the eligible cropland nationwide,” she said. Other spending categories of the bill include conservation, commodities and other programs. Friend of ag The well-recognized face in agriculture of Chuck Conner was present during the Farm Foundation Forum in November. Conner has served the

New app includes pasture tools Building a fence? Trying to figure out how many acres in a pasture? Or how far is it to the water tank? Now ranchers can answer these questions, plus a lot more, with nothing more than their smartphone, according to Austin Miles, a research associate with the Nobel Foundation, Ardmore, Okla. And, of course, the appropriate app. In this case, it’s the GeoMeasure application, a free download for both iOS and Android smartphones. GeoMeasure allows users to assess area in a multitude of units including square feet and acres. Users have two options to retrieve the area of a determined space – manual measurement, which entails dropping markers on the device’s screen, or measurement by GPS, which simply means the device tracks movement as the user walks the perimeter of the given area. “I have found the second option to be more precise because I cannot achieve the same level of accuracy dropping markers with my finger on the phone’s screen,” Miles says. GeoMeasure also tracks and provides elevation change along a given route or in a certain area.

agricultural industry in many facets including the agricultural committee at Capitol Hill, Corn Refiners, in the George W. Bush Administration and the U.S. Department of Agriculture as the Deputy Agriculture Secretary. “He really was the point for ag policy in the Bush Administration. Since then, he’s been with the National Council of Farmer Cooperatives,” said Agri-Pulse Senior Editor Philip Brasher The Washington, D.C. veteran gave considerable insight at the Forum as to the direction that the 2018 Farm Bill will most likely go. “Chuck had some very strong opinions about what’s going to happen with the Farm Bill, and I think for a lot of our listeners who like the current Farm Bill with some tweaks here and there for commodities would probably like what he had to

say,” continued Brasher. Expected changes According to AgriPulse Associate Editor Spencer Chase, Conner commented that the 2018 Farm Bill will not be an extension of the current policy. “Chuck was adamant that there will be another farm bill and that an extension of the current policy that we’re working under right now would not suffice in the long term,” commented Chase. The new bill will most likely address problem areas, including commodities, such as cotton and the Dairy Margin Protection Program. Brasher explained that Conner described the plans for the new Farm Bill as “farmer friendly” and “pro-farmer.” “He was emphatic that not only would there be a farm bill, but it would be a farm bill that farmers would like,” said Brasher.

“He was emphatic that not only would there be a farm bill, but that it would be a farm bill that farmers would like.” – Philip Brasher, Agri-Pulse Special interest groups most likely will not be effective in making significant changes to U.S. farm policy. “Chuck made clear that the Environmental Working Group and Heritage Foundation, both of which would like to see some major changes in farm policy, were not going to be successful,” emphasized Brasher. Looking ahead Agricultural organizations, such as AFBF, are actively working to lobby for issues most relevant to their members for the 2018 Farm Bill, as well as to provide resources on current topics for the bill. “Farm Bureau has put together a working group of AFBF staff and 16 staff from state Farm Bureaus

to provide some opinion papers and to encourage farmers to be involved in the policy development process,” said Thatcher. “If producers go to the website fb.or/farmbillworkinggroup, they’ll find almost 50 opinion papers dealing with many issues, as well as a survey and other resources,” she concluded. Agri-Pulse plans to launch an in-depth editorial series in February for interested individuals titled “The Seven Things You Should Know Before You Write the Next Farm Bill.” It can be found at Emilee Gibb is editor of Wyoming Livestock Roundup and can be reached at emilee@wylr. net.


Volume 28 No. 37 • January 14, 2017



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Solar Water Pumping Systems

Applications for range improvement funds for the Washakie Resource Area will be received by Keith Hamilton, secretarytreasurer of the Worland District State Grazing Board, PO Box 9, Hyattville, WY 82428. All applications must be postmarked no later than February 6, 2017 or brought to the meeting. BLM may provide $250 additional funding for reservoir rehab. BLM approval is required on all applications on BLM land. Also, we welcome your attendance at the Public Board Meeting 11 AM at Rumors Cafe in Worland on February 9, 2017.

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NOTICE: Publication in this newspaper does not guarantee the legitimacy of any offer or solicitation. Take reasonable steps to evaluate an offer before you send money or provide personal/financial information to an advertiser. If you have questions or you believe you have been the victim of fraud, contact the Wyoming Attorney General’s Office, Consumer Protection Unit, 123 Capitol Building, Cheyenne, WY 82002, 800-4385799, 307-777-7874 ............TFN

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Red Angus BRED RED ANGUS: One load of first and second calf heifers, red, calve in Feb. Call 307-2312883 .................................. 1/28 REGISTERED RED ANGUS YEARLING BULLS: New Direction heifer bulls. Moonshine, Epic and Break Thru sires. Priced reasonable with excellent dispositions. Will feed until May. Call Jim Shepherd, Cody, WY 307-5788741 or 406-698-6657.........2/25 TOP QUALITY, AFFORDABLE RED ANGUS BULLS: Calving ease and performance bred, yearlings and two-year-olds. Check out our website www. to view bulls or call 307-921-9301, ask for Joseph .............................. 1/14 HIGH ALTITUDE 2-YEAR-OLD RED ANGUS BULLS: Calving ease and performance bred. Smith Land and Cattle Company, 719-588-1877 ................ 3/4

Dairy Cattle SEVERAL YOUNG BROWN SWISS COWS: Bred to milky Shorthorn bull, was A2 tested positive. Calve Feb. and March. Had prebreeding and booster shots, preg tested. ALSO, several Jersey heifers bred to Jersey bull. All TB tested and Bangs vaccinated. Outside cattle on good feed and minerals, in good shape. All nice and gentle. For more information call Larry Carlson 605-224-6100 ..... 1/21

Angus 40 HOME-RAISED ANGUS HEIFERS: Start calving April 1. AI'd and cleaned up with easy calving Reg. Angus bulls. Will sell in small lots. Call 970-222-8955 or 970-218-7928, Greeley, CO area ....................................... 2/4 YEARLING ANGUS BULLS: These bulls are grown, not fattened, will get out and cover cows. Many will work on heifers. BUY NOW AND WE WILL DELIVER THEM IN APRIL! Call Joe Buseman 605-3511535 ................................ 1/28 PAP-TESTED ANGUS BULLS FOR SALE: PAP-tested at 7,100 feet by Dr. Tim Holt. Outstanding EPDs. Mountain ranch born, raised and developed. Excellent heifer and cow bull prospects. Our bulls are known for their length and thickness and being aggressive breeders with calm, gentle dispositions who are ready to go to work. PAP-TESTED Angus, very fancy replacement heifers also available. Call or e-mail for sale sheets coyotecreek@, 970-276-2190 or go to www.coyotecreekangus. com ..................................... 1/28 175 HEAD ANGUS BRED HEIFERS: Bred with sons of SAV Final Answer 0035, Mytty in Focus and Connealy Consensus proven low birth weight bulls. Ultrasounded, to calve March 1 for 21 days. Approximately 1,100 lbs. Nice, even herd. Come take a look. $1,600/ OBO, Rozet, WY. Mike Gauthier 307-660-3922, mgauthier637@ .......................... 1/21 STEVENSON CATTLE COMPANY, WHEATLAND, WY: REGISTERED AND COMMERCIAL ANGUS BULLS. Sires represented: VAR Generation 2100, VAR Ranger, VAR Discovery, GAR Prophet, PA Safeguard and Rolling W Reward. Many bulls suitable for heifers. Call 307-3311980 or e-mail ........... 7/15


Wilkes 6-D Angus is independent again. We are no longer affiliated with Thomas Angus Ranch in any way whatsoever. We will continue our 25-year tradition of offering bulls for sale at private treaty, at reasonable prices, and with 100% satisfaction guarantee. Period. We will continue to breed cattle that flourish in short grass country and, very importantly, will continue to run our cows and raise our calves in a real-world environment just like our customers do - right here in Wyoming. There is no pampering and no small pen confinement at our outfit! While the founders of the 6-D brand have both passed on (Don and Doris), breeding honest Angus cattle is part of our DNA and the family tradition will continue. Our bull brochure will be printed by February 1, which is when our private treaty sales will begin. Please stop by any time. We are located 3 miles northwest of Hawk Springs (20 miles south of Torrington). Sincerely, Darrell and GayLynn Wilkes

   &-+#6   !#**

4th Annual Private Treaty

Bull Offering OFFERING 48 BULLS


Born, raised and backgrounded on the ranch.

Bulls will start selling at 1 p.m. on January 18, 2017.            st Bulls will be Semen Tested prior to delivery.

For more information contact:  '( + 


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Clay Creek Angus Jim & Lori French 3334 Rd 14 Greybull, WY 82426 307-762-3541 •

180 Yearling Bulls • 65 Calving Ease Heifer Bulls Selling Private Treaty 46 Years “VOLUME DISCOUNTSâ€?




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2-year-old registered Limousin Bulls

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Saturday, March 18, 2017


Selling 120 bulls with Nuts, Butts, and Guts! Black and Red Simmental and SimAngus™ Bulls Selling 40 Open SimAngus™ Heifers Willie & Sharon Altenburg t $ t'PSU$PMMJOT $0 3VTT1SJOD .BOBHFStXXXBMUFOCVSHTVQFSCBMEZDPN

Volume 28 No. 37 • January 14, 2017




Durbin Creek Ranch

Bull Sale Feb 17, 2017 • Worland

90 coming-2-year-old Elite Range Ready Hereford Bulls 130 F1 Baldy Heifer Calves Select Ranch Horses & Working Border Collie Stock Dogs (307) 867-2404 • C ee

Custom Calving CUSTOM CALVING: Excellent facilities and protection, calving Jan. - April. Call to discuss a plan that fits you. Serious inquiries only please. Jon, 307-7466477..................................1/28

Custom Feeding CUSTOM BACKGROUNDING AVAILABLE: New facility in north central Nebraska. Insured, accepting load lots or groups to 200 up to 400 head. Bank refences required. Contact 785-640-5842, cell evenings or leave message .................1/28


HORSE SALE an 31, 2017 • 2 p.m.

Gordon Livestock Market Gordon, NE Link Thompson 308-282-9998 Gordon Livestock 308-282-1171

Saddles & Tack SAVE! SAVE! SAVE... HERD REDUCTION ON SEVERAL PAIR OF BOOTS. Includes a selection of FULL QUILL OSTRICH, RIDING BOOTS, SQUARE AND ROUND TOE ROPERS, etc. Many other markdowns storewide. Includes jewelry, purses, saddle blankets, horse blankets and more!!! Shop Moss Saddles, Boots and Tack, 4648 West Yellowstone Highway, Casper, WY, 307-4721872. Our family serving yours for over 40 years!! ............. 2/4 SADDLES, TACK, HATS AND ROPES: ALSO, Wrangler jeans and shirts - Twisted X driving mocs - enetrek boots - Canyon sporting goods. Friend us on Facebook. White Horse Country Store, Thermopolis, 877864-3047 ........................... TFN

Sheep NEEDING TO REPLACE YOUR CURRENT SHEEP CAMP OR ADD TO YOUR HERD? Timberline Range Camps has 2 wagon style Legends left from last year’s inventory that can go now for a discounted price!! We can also get you into something custom without too much of a wait. Call us at 435-462-5300 for more information. Timberline Range Camps, 1145 S. Blackhawk Blvd., Mt. Pleasant, UT 84647, ... 1/28 COLORADO WOOL GROWERS ASSOCIATION SHEARING SCHOOL FEB. 23-25, 2017: Morgan County Fairgrounds, Brush, CO. $150 registration fee. For more information: Marlin Eisenach 970-542-3543 office or 970-768-5154 cell or e-mail marlin.eisenach@colostate. edu ...................................... 1/28 FLOCK DISPERSAL: 470 Dorper/Katahdin ewes and ewe lambs. Bred in 3 groups, due to lamb starting Feb. $300/each, 10% gate cut. We can feed and lamb them out as an option. Lovell, WY. Call Kevin 307-2542582, cell ............................ 1/28

FOR SALE: Bulk oats. ALSO, 900 tons of nice, bright wheat straw in LS. 250 tons certified long wheat straw in LR. 150 tons of millet hay in LR. Semi load delivery available. Leave message, 307-630-3768 .................... 1/14

Seed WESTERN WHEAT and crested wheatgrass seed and ALFALFA seed. Call for prices. 877-798-5413 ...................1/21

OPEN TO THE PUBLIC TO BUY OR SELL!! Wyoming Auto Auction in business 23 years NEXT AUCTION SAT. JAN. 28, 2017; STARTS 10 a.m. GATES OPEN 8 a.m. Located at 1800 South Greeley Hwy., Cheyenne, WY PARKING WILL BE behind the Maverick. Many no reserved vehicles. APPROXIMATELY 100 VEHICLES, pickups, cars, trucks, camper trailers, classic cars and equipment $250 for a bid ticket refundable if no purchase is made), Cashiers Check or letters of credit to purchase. Early consignments welcome Vehicles go for wholesale or below!! Call for more information 307-632-8648 or visit www. to view list of vehicles. WE BUY and sell eet units ................ 1/21

COW AND SHEEP HAY FOR SALE: Large rounds and large square bales starting at $115/ ton delivered, semi loads. Call 308-631-7878 .................TFN HAY FOR SALE: Round bales, mid-square bales. Grass hay or alfalfa. 605-8423125 ............................. 1/14

Vehicles & Trailers

Bison BUFFALO WANTED: All classes, any quantity. 402694-9353 ........................1/28

Vehicles & Trailers

Hay & Feed

FOR SALE: 1994 GMC 1/2 ton pickup. Single cab. Approx. 50,000 miles on new engine. Automatic transmission. 4WD. Runs well. $2,000. 1998 Cherokee Classic. 4WD. New transfer case. Problem with radio. $2,000. Call 307-254-2473 for more information...............TFN

Advertise your equipment here for just $25 a week!


KROGMANN BALEHANDLER Built to use - Built to last

The leader in balebed engineering with patented arm & spinner design.

• User friendly controls & features. • No high-pressure sales - we let our satisfied customers do the talking. • With our low overhead costs - less advertising, no farm show & less office personnel - we pass the savings on to you. Standard equipment: Extendable spinners GN and receiver hitches, LED taillights, sides, mudflaps, trailer plug, pioneer quick connects. Options available: Across the bed toolboxes, side underbody boxes 3 spool valves, headache rack lights and carry-alls.

KROGMANN MFG. INC. A Family-Owned & Operated Business!

877-745-3783 toll-free

1983 X Road, Sabetha, KS (call for a dealer near you) or like us on Facebook

Cannonball Bale Beds

Pasture Wanted


LOOKING FOR 2017 SUMMER PASTURE: 6 months, starting May or June. 100+ head of yearling heifers. Willing to travel. 307-736-2384 ..............1/28 LOOKING FOR SUMMER PASTURE FOR UP TO 225 HEAD OF YEARLING HEIFERS: Reputable family ranch located in central Wyoming. 307-267-5082 ...................1/28

Hay & Feed ALFALFA HAY 3X3 BALES: 1,000 tons, barn stored or covered. OTHER HAY available. 307-350-0350, Farson, WY ................................. 2/4


For more information, contact us at or call (307) 277-2822 or (307) 630-3385 Visit our Facebook page "Powder River Trailers"

Cow Country Sales & Service

FOR SALE: 275 tons alfalfa. John Deere big rounds, net wrapped, no rain. RFV 174217, protein 21%-25%. ALSO, forage oats, utility grinding millet and grass hay. Delivery available. Call 308-6672843 or 308-430-0428 ..... 2/4 HAY FOR SALE BY DELIVERY ONLY!! ALFALFA AND GRASS HAY, round bales. ALSO, mid-sized square bales of alfalfa. Call for delivered price in Wyoming, Montana, North Dakota, Colorado, Nebraska areas and more! 307575-1008 ........................1/28

HAY FOR SALE OR WE CAN FEED 200+ TON of our hay to you cattle in our feedlot, +60 acre dry lot, for $90/ton at rate fed, no yardage fee. Call for information or hay, 307921-6021 Justin or 970–2743848 Kristina .................1/28 4,000 TONS ALFALFA: 3x4x8 bales. Priced by the RFV point. Delivery in semi loads. Call 308-325-0045 or visit www. ..........1/21 EAR CORN FOR SALE: $150/ ton. 308-783-1357 ........... 2/4




New Dealer for


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ee 1-877-450-2356


Bighorn Machinery 2016 BIG BEND TRAILERS

EQUIPMENT FOR SALE: Submersible pumps 20-40 HP ranging in GPM, complete generators, trailer mounted trash pumps, 3 and 4 polyline, trucks and various other equipment. For more information and pricing on any items please call 307-273-9591, Farson, WY .......................... 2/4 FOR SALE: John Deere 714A and John Deere 716A chuckwagons with John Deere running gears and bunk feeding extension, been shedded, excellent condition Farm ing 8’ snow blower with hydraulic spout Degelman 10’ dozer H S 7+ 4 16’ chuckwagon with 14 ton gear and bunk feeding extension Meyer feeder wagon with 12 ton gear and bunk feeding extension Demco 365 gravity box with ag topper. All in very nice condition! 605-999-5482 .............. 2/4 FOR SALE: New Holland grinder/mixer. Model number 90. Extra screens, grain feeder, extension unloading auger, small bale automatic self feeder, holds close to 1 ton of hay. Call 307358-2388 ............................2/4

53’ Ground Load Trailers 2 25K Axles, Air Ride, Rubber Floor Ready for Shipment, $35,000+ F.E.T.

ALFALFA AND GRASS MIX HAY FOR SALE: Big round bales. Will deliver in semi loads. Larry Shavlik 605-8308023 ...............................1/28 ALFALFA/GRASS MIXED HAY: First and second cutting. Have tests completed by Dairy Land Lab. 3x4 bales, approximate weight per bale 1,400 to 1,500 lbs., $130/ton for first cutting, $150/ton for second cutting. Manderson, WY. Contact Walter 307-469-2230 or e-mail schwedellc@gmail. com ...............................1/28

Stocking and installing dealer. One day turn around! Ainsworth Motors Ainsworth, NE 800-210-1681

4,000 TONS GRASS HAY: 3x4x8 bales, 1,175 lb. bales, $45 per bale, or $80/ton. Call Kelly Foianini 307-780-7027, Lyman, WY ..................... 2/4 VALLEY VIDEO HAY MARKETS, LLC: Wyoming and western Nebraska hay available. Call Barry McRea 888935-3633. .......................... 2/4

Also traditional bale beds available.

Gooseneck • Bumper pull • Dump

LOOKING FOR CAKE ELEVATOR OR GRAIN CONVEYOR: 16’-30’ in length on transport wheels. Call 406-351-1678 .. 2/4 2000 JOHN DEERE 6410: MFWD, 640 loader and grapple. Cab, air and heat. New front tires. Great shape. Call 406855-2692 ............................2/4

Stock Trailers - 14’ to 36’

t Rawlins, WY Your Nebraksa TEMCO Dealer

Full ent m lace Rep mper u B 5 $92 d! lle a t s In

Call or Details and Pricing

Highland Auto

308.631-8646 •

rd nda



s St bed Flat ,925

$1 led! al Inst

inatare, NE


RANCH HELPERS!! Good used CAT dozers, 627 Cat scrapers, Deere excavators, Side dump trailers, rock crushers, work trucks, Ditch Witch trenchers of all sizes and good used one ton work pickups, 4 door, 4x4. Call now 307-670-1024!! ACTION HEAVY EQUIPMENT CO. toll free 888-716-0243............1/14 BUY AND SELL OLD CABLE SCRAPERS: Cat 60, 70, 80, etc: Letourneau LS, LP, Tournapull, etc., AC, Laplant Choate, all makes and sizes, will convert over to hydraulic, very professionally done, tires and parts. Cell 701-680-8015 Steve (Oakes, ND), ...............1/28

WANTED TO BUY: ANY TYPE FARM TRACTOR 1970 OR NEWER, good shape, wrecked, rolled, burned or with mechanical problems, will pay top dollar ALSO WANTED TO BUY: New Holland Model 1036 or 1037 bale wagons. We will pick up. Photos can be e-mailed to Will pay top dollar. Blackfoot, ID 208-6814429 will pay cash! Call between 8 a.m.-8 p.m. Mon.-Sat. (no Sunday calls) .............. 1/14 LONG-TERM EQUIPMENT FINANCING: All types, private lenders, family-owned, 40-yearold firm. C.H. Brown Co., Wheatland, WY. Phone 800987-7814 ..........................TFN WANTED: New Holland bale wagons, all sizes and John Deere choppers. Roeder Implement, Seneca, KS. 785336-6103 ..........................TFN

Livestock Equipment GIANT RUBBER WATER TANKS: Tanks made from used earth-moving tires. Sizes from 6’ to 13’. With or without steel bottoms. Full loads can be delivered anywhere in the United States. Guaranteed best quality and lowest price. Call 605-730-0550 or e-mail To view photos, go to www.wylr. net in the classifieds.......1/14 BOX S FENCE HAS A STOCKING DEALER IN THE GILLETTE, WY AREA: Now stocking continuous fence and calving pens. Contact Halie Ruff 605-254-4208 or the factory 800-843-3312, Find us on Facebook, Sunderman Mfg ....1/14 WINDBREAK-SHADE SCREEN-VISUAL BARRIERON WORKING CORRALS AND ARENAS: Save feed $$$ Less work, less stress Use on panels in fields, working facilities, round pens, hay barns, kennels, patio or garden. Call Sutherland Industries, 800-753-8277 or visit www.sutherlandindustries. com ...............................3/11

Ads Continue on the Following Page


Volume 28 No. 37 • January 14, 2017

Livestock Equipment

Livestock Equipment

800-726-9091 ~ SS Specials End 1/26/17


Containers STORAGE/SHIPPING CONTAINERS FOR SALE OR RENT: Water and wind tight. 20’ and 40’ available. Call for current pricing 307-351-1277. Will deliver anywhere ............3/11


Irrigation Systems The choice is simple.


ark aake • -3

Hay Equipment FOR SALE: 2015 ubota mower DM2028 2015 ubota grass and hay rake RA1042T. Both used on 35 acres total. No use in 2016. Will sell as set or separately. Windsor, CO area. Call 970-686-2250 ...................1/14

Heating Equipment ELIMINATE RISIN EL COSTS: Clean, safe and efficient wood heat. Central Boiler Classic and E-Classic Outdoor Wood Furnace heats multiple buildings with only 1 furnace, 25-year warranty available. Heat with wood, no splitting Available in dual fuel ready models. www.CentralBoiler. com WE ALSO HAVE whole house pellet/corn/biomass furnaces. Load once per month with hopper. www.Maximheat. com. A-1 Heating Systems. Instant rebates may apply Call today! 307-742-4442. To view photos, go to in the classifieds ...................TFN

Equipment Restoration DBL TREE TRACTOR RESTORATION LLC: Tractors, stock trailers and atbeds, total repair, sandblast and paint. Please call Mike 406-930-0720 ..........1/14

Fencing GUARDRAIL, 13.5’ and 26’, delivered in Wyoming. 423-7914771, 712-726-3562 or 620546-3507 ..........................1/14 LODGEPOLE PRODUCTS 307-742-6992 SERVING AGRIBUSINESSES SINCE 1975!! Treated posts, corral poles, buck-and-rail, western rail, fence stays, rough-sawn lumber, bedding. SEE US at www. and click our “Picking A Fence Post� tab to see why folks choose our posts!! .........TFN


Structural Oil Field Pipe and Cable 307-256-7058 STRUCTURAL OILFIELD PIPE: Used for fencing, cattle guards, etc. ALL SIZES!! Call 970-324-4580 ...................2/25

Want to Buy SCRAP METAL RECYCLING, Rawlins, WY. Call 307-321-1444 ..........................................TFN

SSS Starting at $ 11,653 CALL

STEEL BUILDINGS DIRECT FROM FACTORY: Making special deals and taking others, 20’x20’ to 100’x100’. Act now, limited, make offer Some first sold at price of seconds. 307459-4420 ..........................1/14

Mineral Rights

Property for Sale

WANT TO PURCHASE mineral and other oil/gas interests. Send details to: PO Box 13557, Denver, CO 80201 ......................... 10/14

ARIZONA RANCHES AND FARMS: 60 head ranch with beautiful Santa Fe style hilltop home, $650,000 • 88,000 acre ranch southwest of Wickenburg, A . year-round cow/calf plus 3,000 AUMS stockers, 350 deeded acres, excellent horse facilities, 148’x370’ arena, attached 140’ and 60’ round pens, 3 homes + bunk house, $2,750,000 • Cattle, hunting, mining on historic 500+ head cattle ranch, 6,074 deeded acres, family owned since early 1900s excellent facilities plus center pivot, $10,200,000 • 12,500 acre drought-proof ranch/ farm, 480 deeded acres, 100+ acres irrigated pastures, can be increased + state and BLM allotments $995,000 • Drought-proof ranch, beautiful home, 400 acres Irrigated, 10,500 acres grazing leases, $1,995,000 with Equipment • 100+ acre farm, 3/4 pivot, 150 HP irrigation well, hay barn, septic and electric, $350,000. Other Ranches and Farms available. Harley Hendricks Realty, 877-349-2565, ................ 1/28

Property for Sale FOR SALE OR LEASE, RANCH IN SOUTHEAST COLORADO: 1,140 acres, 500 is irrigated, good winter area for cattle, summer pasture available, pivot sprinklers, building. Sale price $2,250,000. 719-542-6999 . 2/4 FORMERLY BEAR CLAW STABLE: The former Bear Claw Stable is ready to move right in. Set up for a wide range of events and sizes. Heated, 14 stalls, tack room and office. 38 irrigated acres with 100’x240’ indoor arena. 100’x200’ outdoor arena, plus many other amenities. This equestrian estate is a must see to appreciate. Sidwell Land & Cattle Co. 406-861-4426, 406322-4425 or e-mail sidwell@ ............. 1/14

Easier On You. Big Horn Truck and Equipment Manderson, WY • 800-770-6280 Property for Sale

11,071 total acres Excellent 600 cow ranch, 12 pivots and good water rights. Great hunting 10 minutes from Sheridan. $10,500.000


11,118 total acres 300 cow ranch. Excellent elk and deer hunting. Good stock water systems. $3,999,500





320 Âąirrigated. acres. Mountain acres Excellent views,rights. Outstanding water Between Executiveand Home. Hay Sheridan Big Horn production, bird andarea. deer in a highly desirable hunting, andag. Home and irrigation shop. Zoned water rights. $2,500,000 $5,250,000






fishing, excellent +3,105hunting, deeded acres. All water rights irrigation, private and and all blocked up. greatgrazing hay production, Good and hunting owner’s land.beautiful Private and zoned ag. residence. $2,147,000 $4,300,000





Fred Nelson, Broker/Owner Mary Kay Jarrard/Sales Associate t )JHIXBZt10#PYt,JOOFBS 8: email:

As Low As 3.25% OPWKCAP 3.25%

Joe Stubblefield Associates 13830 Western Street Amarillo, T (806) 622-3482 cell (806) 674-2062 oes3 Wyoming ffice: Casey regory Associate 518 369-5448 Daniel, WY

Hunting & Fishing BELGIUM BROWNING BAR II SAFARI 7MM MAG SEMI-AUTOMATIC RIFLE WITH BOSS SYSTEM IN EXCELLENT CONDITION (USED) ASKING $950. CALL 307-875-2440.............. 2/4 JAN. 29-31 AND FEB. 1: PETSKA FUR WILL BE BUYING ALL DEER/ELK HIDES, ANTLERS AND FUR, IN THE FOLLOWING TOWNS AND LOCATIONS: JAN. 29: Ft. Bridger 4:45-5:15 p.m., Cash Store. JAN. 30: Evanston 8-8:15 a.m., Prairie Inn emmerer 9:15-9:30 a.m., Ham’s Fork Station/Sinclair Cokeville 10:1510:30 a.m., Flying J Truck Stop Afton 11:30-12 p.m., Gardeners Country Village Thayne 12:30 p.m. drive thru, Farmer’s Feed Alpine 1-1:30 p.m., Alpine Standard Hoback Jct. 2-2:15 p.m., Hoback Market/Exxon Bondurant 3:153:30 p.m., Elkhorn Bar Grill Pinedale 4 p.m. - dark, Museum of the Mountain Men parking lot JAN. 31: Big Piney 8-8:15 a.m. Midway Mall La Barge 8:45-9 a.m., All American Fuel Fontanelle 9:45 a.m. drive thru, Fontanelle Store Green River 11-11:15 a.m., Wild Horse Saloon Rock Springs 11:45-12:15 p.m., WY Wool Warehouse Wamsutter 1:15-1:30 p.m., Wamsutter Conoco Rawlins 2:30-3 p.m., Trails West Meat Processing Walcott Jct. 3:30 p.m drive thru, Shell Station Elk Mtn. 4:15 p.m. drive thru, Conoco Medicine Bow 5 p.m. drive thru, JB’s Rock River 5:30 p.m. drive thru, Ranchers Supply FEB. 1: Laramie 8-8:30 a.m., West Laramie Fly Shop Ft. Collins, CO 10-10:30 a.m., Betty’s Bait Tackle. For more information call Marty 308-870-4887 or visit

Roof Coatings TANK COATINGS ROOF COATINGS Available for METAL, composition shingles or tar roofs. Long lasting and easy to apply. We also manufacture tank coatings for concrete, rock, steel, galvanized or mobile tanks.

Call for our free catalog: VIRDEN PERMA-BILT CO. 806-352-2761 Scan the QR Code with your mobile device to visit our website!


1,963+deeded acres with 165+ 2,587+ acres. Great acres waterwith rights and 1.5 smallofranch excellent miles of lots Tongue River. grass and of developed Nicefor improvements and water livestock. Property close toimprovements town. has minimal and$3,680,000 good hunting.




RED RIM RANCH TEN SLEEP, WY WILEY RANCH 53 acres, beautiful log

See other listings at



1,485+ deeded acres. 75 4,120 Âą acre cattle ranch. AU cattle bordering 1,200 acresranch in winter wheat. Custer National Forest. Nice improvements. Good meadows stock Excellent stockand water waterdevelopment. system. Nice home and outbuildings. Great hunting. $1,336,500 $2,958,000

Crowheart, WY Land Rare offering of Crowheart, WY area land. Parcel is 227 acres irrigated land, recent Reinke center pivot. New solar water well, live water year-round, perimeter fenced. Highway frontage. In grass. Land in this area does not come on the market often. $650,000

Property for Sale



AG LAND LOANS INTEREST RATES AS LOW AS 3.25% Payments Scheduled on 25 Years

Buildings SSS Starting at $ 11,300 + Freight


SHERIDAN, WY home, irrigation &

UNDER Willey Ranch CONTRACT $3,400,000

2,400+ acres. great fishing. Additional $3,400,000 acreage is optional please inquire. $1,200,000

Business Opportunity ESTABLISHED HORSE BUSINESS: Very unique opportunity. Black Hills of South Dakota. 1-888-777-2624 ................1/14

Miscellaneous LEATHER • CANVAS • VINYL • NYLON • REPLACE ZIPPERS • VELCRO • SNAPS • RIVETS • BUCKLES • GROMMETTS: We also make: Holsters, knife sheaths, hatchet and axe scabbards, belts, etc. I CAN FIX IT! Just put it in the mail to: Silver Rose Saddle, 1653 US HWY 14E, Shell, WY 82441. Call Ed 307-765-2735 or e-mail ............ 1/21

Volume 28 No. 37 • January 14, 2017



Harold Miller May 9, 1922 – Jan. 4, 2017

We welcome obituaries. Obituaries are printed free of charge and can be sent to

Charles “Chuck” Lawrence Nov. 9, 1920 – Dec. 17, 2016

Charles “Chuck” Lawrence, a 96-year-old lifetime Johnson County rancher, passed away peacefully on Dec. 17 at the Amie Holt Care Center in Buffalo. Chuck was born on Nov. 9, 1920 in Buffalo to Charles C. Lawrence and Sarah Knepper Lawrence. He grew up and went to school in Johnson County and graduated from Johnson County High School as the class president in 1939. In high school, he was active in 4-H, showing purebred Hereford Cattle and as a member of the State Championship Judging Team, participating in the National 4-H Club Congress in Chicago.

After graduation, Chuck attended Iowa State University. He was married on July 26, 1945 to Dorothy Davison, and they became the third generation of the Lawrence family to live on the historic Lawrence Ranch on Clear Creek, where they raised their family and actively participated in the community. Following retirement the couple continued to live in Buffalo. Dottie passed away in December of 2015, and Chuck remained in Buffalo until his death. Chuck was a founding member of the Rural Electric Association, which brought electricity to rural Wyoming and is now known as Powder River Energy. Chuck bought and sold livestock and established his reputation as an honest and reliable businessman throughout the western states. He was kind, loving and compassionate – a friend to many and a hero to his family. Known for his endless sense of humor and shenanigans that provided entertainment, broke a tense moment

and cajoled a kid out of a grumpy mood. Chuck is survived by sons Charles Lawrence of Buffalo, Jim (Pat) Lawrence of Casper, John (Verna) Lawrence of Buffalo, Dan Lawrence of Buffalo and Fred (Julie) Lawrence of Casper; daughters Linda Lawrence of Buffalo and Laura Lawrence of Pueblo, Colo.; brother Bill Lawrence of Virginia; 15 grandchildren; and 17 great-grandchildren. He was preceded in death by his parents; his wife of 70 years; and sister Mildred Kotuc. Funeral services were held Dec. 27 at the Harness Funeral Home Chapel in Buffalo, with Reverend Bob Miller officiating. Interment was in Willow Grove Cemetery with graveside services following the funeral. Donations in Chuck’s memory may be made in lieu of flowers to the Johnson County 4-H Judging Team or the Dorothy Lawrence Memorial Nursing Scholarship, in care of Harness Funeral Home at 351 N. Adams in Buffalo. Online condolences may be made at

Longtime Worland Farmer Harold Miller, 94, passed away peacefully in his home on Jan. 4, 2017. Harold was born on May 9, 1922 in Basin. He was the son of Pete and Marie Katherine (Thry) Miller. He was raised on a farm north of Worland and spent all of his days as a farmer. Even as a young boy, he farmed along with his family. Harold met Grace Murdoch in Worland, and they were married on Feb. 5, 1956.

They lived and raised their family of six children on the farm on West River Road. Many good times were spent together farming and growing as a family. Harold taught his children to work hard on the farm and off the farm. Harold always said anything worthwhile didn’t come easy. He was an active supporter of his children and grandchildren and their activities. He taught each of them how to work the ground and also how to feed livestock. His sons continue to farm together and feed over 15,000 head of livestock for themselves and area ranchers. Harold was a member of the Zion Lutheran Church and served on the Big Horn Canal Board and the Valley Co-op Board. He was preceded in death by his loving wife; parents; brothers Pete,

David, John and Robert; and sister Mary (Miller) Thomas. Harold is survived by his children Hugh, James (Shellie), Daniel (Merri), Andrew (Rita), Mary Grace (Bill) Strauch and Pete (LaDonna); and grandchildren Marissa (Jason) Satkunam, Angela (Robert) Barnosky, Joey (Julia) Miller, Josh Miller, Adeline Miller, Channer (Kaitlyn) Miller, Kelsey (Travis) Christofferson, Jake Miller, Emily Miller and John Miller; and four great-grandchildren. A graveside service was held on Jan. 9 at the Riverview Memorial Gardens Cemetery in Worland. Memorials may be made to the ZEST Fund at Zion at P.O. Box 376, Worland. Online condolences may be made to

BIF releases new health guidelines The Beef Improvement Federation (BIF) has released its ninth edition of Uniform Guidelines for Beef Improvement Programs, which represents a legacy of work that spans more than 50 years of cooperation among the various segments of the beef cattle industry. “As genetic evaluation approaches for health traits are developed, the Beef

Improvement Federation is staying at the forefront of guiding the industry by providing data collection standards to support industry-wide genetic improvement efforts. It is fitting to start with guidelines for BRD susceptibility data collection, as it is clearly a trait with huge economic significance to the beef industry,” says Jane Parish, BIF executive director. – BEEF magazine

Upstream Ranch

Annual Production Sale Saturday, Feb. 4, 2017 12:30 CST • at the ranch

Selling 300 Horned and Polled Hereford Bulls Including 150 coming-2-year-olds and 150 fall yearlings Selling 30 Bred Heifers

Lot 56

Lot 4

BW WW YW Milk M&G REA Marb

1.4 60 88 31 61 0.11 0.31

Lot 188

BW WW YW Milk M&G REA Marb

4.2 55 101 42 70 0.46 0.27

BW WW YW Milk M&G REA Marb

3.0 62 108 25 56 0.41 0.27

BW WW YW Milk M&G REA Marb

-0.6 54 82 29 56 0.52 0.45

Lot 224

BW WW YW Milk M&G REA Marb

1.1 60 95 37 67 0.21 0.21

Lot 228 First breeding season guarantee against death or injury Free delivery or trucking discount

Hereford cattle bred and developed in the Nebraska Sandhills since 1955 for the commercial cattleman.




45060 Upstream Rd. • Taylor, NE 68879 • 308-942-3195 (Home) • 308-214-0719 (Cell) • Go to for videos and sale catalog!


Volume 28 No. 37 • January 14, 2017

It’s the Pitts by Lee Pitts

Cattle Traiting Expected progeny differences (EPDs) have done wonders in improving the quality of our cattle. My only problem with EPDs is there aren’t enough of them for traits that I’m most interested in. I wish some professor or breed association would come up with the following: GUMS EPD – Cows spend six hours every day eating and another eight chewing their cud. Therefore, dentition has more to do with profitability than traits we already have EPDs for. We desperately need an EPD that indicates the quality of the teeth, so we don’t end up with six-year-old cows running on the rims. No one wants to pay more for high-quality alfalfa with fine stems and soft leaves just because their cows don’t have good choppers. MPH EPD – On the ranches I’ve leased, the cows had to be able to travel 20 miles per day just to be able to find enough grass to eat to maintain their poor body condition. Lazy cows with a low speed index that shade up or lay around are easier to steal, too. This EPD could be easily measured by identifying those cows that are invariably fastest to the feed truck.

IQ EPD – This would be similar to a birth EPD where you don’t want it too high to the point your cows are smarter than you. I prefer dumb cows that don’t have any idea they’ll end up as hamburger some day. If they’re highly intelligent, they’ll hide in the brush like Arizona renegades and you never will corral them. No one wants cows smart enough to dodge a loop or drop a horn when you’re trying to rope them. ILL EPD – Cattle have 22,000 genes, and 80 per-

cent of them are shared with humans. Like humans, many cows are hypochondriacs. Medicine is expensive, veterinarians are often hard to find, and the government is now turning them into pharmacists. That’s why we need to identify those cattle that never call in sick or loiter in the feedlot sick pen. OLD EPD – Professors say you should turn over generations quickly to make the most genetic progress. That sounds good, but are those same professors going to help you calve out replacement heifers every year? Are they going to find cows to buy that are as good as yours and acclimated to your country for a reasonable price? As for me, give me cows that are 10 years old with good teeth – see the GUMS EPD – that know the country and have five more

good calves left in them. DOG EPD – Good cowboys are getting harder to find. This explains why some folks are paying $10,000 apiece for Border collies that can do the work of three people. And you don’t have to pay or mollycoddle them. We need a DOG EPD to identify those cattle that will work well with a dog. For some ranchers, the DOG EPD could be replaced with a YAMAHA or POLARIS EPD. UGLY EPD – I know we’re not supposed to select cattle by how they look any more, but darn it, it gets old listening to the insults about your hideous-looking herd with their frozen ears, stumpy tails, white eyes, splayed feet, droopy backs and multiple brands. WIFEY EPD – We des-

“My only problem with EPDs is there aren’t enough of them for traits that I’m most interested in.” – Lee Pitts perately need to be able to identify those cattle that will charge the wife when she’s trying to pull a calf or attempting to graft on a leppy. Who can afford to have the wife miss a day or two of chores? We also

don’t need cows that give too much milk so that the wife has to milk them out. Such cattle may discourage the wife from her enthusiastic participation in the labor force. This may well be the most important EPD of all.

Program boost small business A new state program aims to provide Wyoming businesses with tools to enter international markets. The State Trade and Expansion Program (STEP) is a $158,000 federally funded initiative designed to teach firms new to exporting, help seasoned exporters in expanding their markets and grow foreign direct investment in the state. The U.S. Small Business Administration created the program five years ago, and this is Wyoming’s largest award to date. For more information, visit STEP.

House Ag members named

House Agriculture Committee Chairman K. Michael Conaway (R-Texas) noted confidence in the House Steering Committee’s recommendation of six new members to serve on the Agriculture Committee. “This is a great group of incoming and returning members, both for the Agriculture Committee and the Republican conference as a whole,” said Conaway. “Their diverse backgrounds will be integral as the committee goes to work – from protecting the farm safety net for producers, to ensuring the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) works to help lift families out of poverty, to rolling back burdensome regulations that strangle businesses. I am confident in the team we have assembled, and I look forward to working alongside my new colleagues.” New members of the Committee include Jodey Arrington (R-Texas), Don Bacon (R-Neb.), James Comer (R-Ky.), Neal Dunn (R-Fla.), John Faso (R-N.Y.) and Roger Marshall (R-Kans.) Glenn “GT” Thompson (R-Pa.) will serve as vice chairman of the committee.

Please stop by our booth at the Black Hills Stock Show in Rapid City, SD January 27 - February 4, 2017!

January 14, 2017  

January 14, 2017

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