Greensboro, North Carolina
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Girls in Sport
TITLE IX - WHAT IT MEANS UNCG GIRLS IN SPORT SYMPOSIUM YWCA SPORTS AWARDS (nomination forms inside) GIRLS TRAVEL BASKETBALL
Also... JLS Riding Academy
Local sports Legends
SportsKidsPlay® January-February, 2010
Register now for Greensboro Parks & Recreation’s spring Youth Baseball League for players, ages 7-14! For the league information and registration sites, please contact the Athletics’ office at 336-373-2955. Photo, courtesy of Sink Photographic Designs
P&R online... Check out www.greensboro-nc.gov/leisure ~ We’ve got it all!
Reaching Out, Touching Lives!
Greensboro Parks & Recreation Classes, Programs & Calendar of Events Athletic Programs ~ Youth & Adult Sports, Leagues & Tournaments Greensboro Sportsplex, Simkins Indoor Sports Pavilion, Carolyn S. Allen Athletic Complex Regional Parks, Public Gardens, Watershed Parks & Trails City Arts ~ Dance, Drama, Music, Visual Arts & Caldcleugh Multicultural Arts Center Recreation Centers, MainStream Resources, Teen & Senior Programs Gillespie Golf Course, Hispanic Web, Kid’s Web, Facilities Map, Volunteer Opportunities & more!
Call Greensboro Parks & Recreation at 336-373-2574 today, or e-mail us at: firstname.lastname@example.org
SportsKidsPlay® January-February, 2010
Inside preview sports news travel basketball training ywca awards riding news title IX physical therapy sports legends health tennis safety sport psychology sport lessons
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SportsKidsPlay® PUBLISHER Bill Martin EDITOR Jared Martin ADDRESS 415 Pisgah Church Rd. #322 Greensboro, NC 27455-2590 EMAIL email@example.com WEBSITE ADDRESS www.sportskidsplay.com SportsKidsPlay® is a free publication supported by advertising. We try to provide only factual information but cannot guarantee the absolute accuracy of all information contained in this publication. We do not accept responsibility for the products, services or statements of our advertising sponsors or contributors. © SportsKidsPlay® Newspaper All rights reserved.
Thanks to Sink Photographic Designs for many of the photos in this issue.
Since February is national Women in Sports month, this issue joins in celebrating the participation of females in sport. It’s easy to take women’s athletics for granted. Today, most young women have competed in some form of organized sport and it doesn’t seem unusual at all to see girls out shooting baskets or kicking soccer balls. But this hasn’t always been the case; much of the widespread participation of girls and women in organized sports has occurred in the past four decades. Growing up with five sisters, my brothers and I had a healthy respect for the physical abilities and competitive drive of girls. While they could run, jump, and throw as well as most boys, like many girls of the 1960’s, my three older sisters had very limited opportunities to exercise those skills. By the time my two younger sisters began high school in the mid-1970’s, things had begun to change a little and both were able to compete in high school athletics. I’ve always known that girls can compete at a very high level. When I was a kid, high school girls in our neighboring state of Iowa played a unique brand of six on six basketball (three on offense and three on defense). The Iowa Girls’ Basketball Tournament was a huge event and I remember watching Denise Long play on TV. Long, who once scored 111 points in one game, averaged 67.2 points per game in her senior season! Years later, I attended several track meets to watch the great Jamaican sprinter Merlene Ottey compete for the University of Nebraska. Ottey had the smoothest form and most effortless style I have ever seen male or female. Now, as my daughter trains and competes in athletics, I’ve gained an even greater appreciation, not only for the abilities of female athletes, but for the positive impact that sports participation can have on girls - and boys. Any coach or administrator who deals with women’s athletics will want to attend UNCG’s 2nd annual Girls in Sport symposium on February 5th. Featured speakers will discuss several issues dealing with women’s athletics. You can find a registration form on page 10. The YWCA also recognizes women in sport at its annual Women’s and Girls in Sports Awards Dinner in April. The group is accepting nominations, so if you know a deserving young athlete, coach, or administrator, please send in your nomination. Nomination forms are on page 7. On page 10 and 11 you can read about Title IX and the impact this legislation has had on expanding women’s sports. Many of the young female athletes you’ll read about in the pages of this newspaper would most likely not have had the same competitive opportunities if not for those who helped guide women’s sport into the mainstream over the past 40 years.
SportsKidsPlay® January-February, 2010
THE MIGHTY MAGPIES
More than just a girls softball team, it’s an experience in fun and family. They’re not your typical girls softball team. Some of these young girls (ages 5-8) have played together for nine seasons (4 1/2) years in the Summerfield Recreation Association (SRA) and the bonds that have been forged extend beyond frequent sleep-overs and after-game pizza parties. Not only are the girls close but the parents and families have formed lasting friendships as they’ve watched the girls and the team develop. The magic behind the Mighty Magpies success, according to coach John Horshok, has to do with a motivated group of hard-working girls but also with the active involvement of their parents. “Every parent on the team has a role. We might have a father who’s a highly-trained engineer in the dugout charting the other team’s hits. It’s important to get everyone involved and to feel like Top: Coach John Horshok Middle: Morgan Haines, Camden Gresham, Karsen Cass, Bridget Hord, Andra Taylordean, Maggie they’re contributing.” Horshok should know. A Horshok, Elissa Cunane, Hannah Eubanks, Grace Bell, Lizzy Barnette, Felicity Milam, Kaley Thompson, missing is Claire Marion. well-known local businessman and former part- Bottom: Asst. Coaches Ashley Bell, Scott Haines, Geoff Cass, Dirk Taylordean, Russ Eubanks, Tom Barnette, and Joe Marion. owner of the Greensboro Bats, Horshok has a little different from most. For all its eccentricities, 109 games before retiring the franchise after the rich and varied background in sports and sports the Mighty Magpies’ formula has proven to be last game.” management. That last game, against rival Oak Ridge, was as successful on the field, as off. According to With University of Michigan-inspired the latest Magpie e-mail, “The Mighty Magpies a classic nail-biter. (SRA Softball is a member uniforms, line-up cards modeled after the New finished with seven straight League and Playoff of the Northwest Youth Sports Association. The York Yankees, and wacky, eye-popping e-mails to Championships and won their last 28 in a row League is made up of different communities track game results, it’s apparent that this team is a during two unbeaten seasons and won a total of in the surrounding areas. Members include:
Girls Learn Softball Skills Greensboro College Women’s Softball team conducts skills clinic for kids
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Summerfield, Oak Ridge, Stokesdale, Brown Summit, Huntsville, Colfax and Bethany.) Falling behind 5-1, the Magpies came back to take the lead 6-5. Oak Ridge then scored four runs to go ahead 9-6. In its final at bat, clutch hitting by the bottom of the order gave the Magpies a chance. With two outs, down three runs and a runner on third, it was time for Magpie magic. A single to left by Andra Taylordean scored Morgan Haines making it 9-7. Maggie Horshok then singled, advancing Andra to third. With two on and two out, Elissa Cunane blasted a triple, tying the score. The Magpies’ cleanup hitter, Karsen Cass, batted next. She poked the first pitch to left field for a walk off single, giving the Magpies a dramatic 10-9 win and securing its second straight undefeated season. The Mighty Magpies softball team has been retired, but coach Horshok has enlisted several of its members to test their skills on the hardwood. This latest venture, a girls basketball team called the “Betty Hoops,” will play in SRA’s winter recreational basketball program. The girls and their parents hope to duplicate the spirit and success of the Mighty Magpies, but this time, on the basketball court. Congatulations to the Mighty Magpies!
Coach Gelin showed girls proper throwing form.
Whitney Gelin, head coach of the Greensboro College Pride softball team, along with several team members, conducted a developmental clinic for several young softball players from the Summerfield Recreation Association (SRA). Several members of the Might Magpies (see above), along with other girls from SRA, attended the evening session held at the gym on the Greensboro College campus. It was an exciting experience for the girls and a terrific opportunity to sharpen up their skills and refine their technique. Many of the girls are moving up from coach pitch to player pitch, so this was the perfect time to be introduced to some fundamental pitching techniques. With the large group of instructors, the girls were able to receive a lot of personal, one-on-one attention. Thank you to Coach Gelin and the Greensboro College players for making this a fun learning experience for the girls!
The girls got plenty of one-on-one instruction from the Pride Softball team.
SportsKidsPlay® January-February, 2010
PROFILES Copeland Jones Sport: Swimming and Golf Age: 10 School: Jones Elementary Favorite Coach: Jill Jones (my mom) Favorite Pro Team: Minnesota Vikings Favorite College Team: Wake Forest Deacons Favorite Movie: Marley & Me Favorite Music: All Kinds Favorite Food: Japanese Favorite Subject: Math and English Favorite Teacher: Carla Ballesteros Favorite Book: Secret Garden Favorite Pet: Josie (our Golden Retriever) Favorite Color: Green Favorite Achievement: Student of the Year for outstanding academic excellence Other interests: Volleyball, tennis, basketball, softball, golf, singing
The Girls of X-Rinks
H O C K E Y
Total Golf Adventures hosts Coats for Kids Charity Golf Tourney
Greensboro golfer Copeland Jones and her dad, Terry, scorched the Iron Play course with a tournament leading 68.
Total Golf Adventure of Greensboro (TGA) hosted its First Annual Coats for Kids Charity Golf Tournament on October 9th. The tournament, held at Iron Play Links, gave young golfers a chance to experience giving to kids who may not be quite as fortunate. Though a little chilly, the tournament was a lot of fun for everyone who played. Teams of golfers from K8th grade teamed up with a parent in an alternating stroke format. 10-year-old Copeland Jones (pictured here and profiled at the left), along with her dad Terry, won the tournament with a final score of 68! The TGA looks forward to a bigger and even more successful tournament next year and in years to come!
TGA is now one of the world’s fastest growing junior golf organizations and a leading initiative to grow junior golf in America. TGA has introduced golf to tens of thousands of students through after-school and camp programs at several thousand schools and golf courses. To learn more about TGA and its youth golf programs, contact Brian Uhl at firstname.lastname@example.org or Joe’l Sanfilippo at email@example.com or call (336) 207-5745.
Hannah Gerstemeier, Hailey Seppey, Lorien Bathgate, Sophie Gould, Marina McMillen
X-rinks is an in-house league Youth Hockey program sponsored by the Greensboro Youth Hockey Association (GYHA) for boys and girls under 10. X-rinks is designed to maximize fun. All games are played cross-ice and there are no unnecessary breaks in the game. The game is full of continuously changing situations. This playing format increases each player’s activity and game participation, puck possession time, technical skills development, and scoring skills. • • • •
All games/practices held at the Greensboro Ice House. USA Hockey certified coaches assigned to each team. All players are registered with USA Hockey. GYHA has equipment available for most players.
For additional information visit www.gyhastars.com
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SportsKidsPlay® January-February, 2010
GREENSBORO LADY GATERS Basketball Association “BUILDING CHARACTER THROUGH THE GAME OF BASKETBALL”
That’s the slogan of the Greensboro Lady Gaters Basketball Association. There are more than sixty girls, ages 9-16, playing for the Lady Gaters. The organization was founded ten years ago and currently has five teams competing in tournaments during a fall season, which runs from late August through October, and during a spring season that runs from late January through mid-July. Ben Bradford 9U, Ray Kargo 11U, Mark Dunker 13U, and Kristin Shelton 14U and 16U coach the girls. The Lady Gaters play in tournaments sponsored by the Amateur Athletic Association (AAU); Youth Basketball of America (YBOA); and the United States Specialty Sports Association (USSSA). Teams play in local tournaments in Greensboro, Winston-Salem, and High Point, as well as tournaments across North Carolina
including regional and state championships. Teams also play in tournaments in Virginia, Tennessee, Georgia, and South Carolina. Teams also travel to various AAU National Championship tournaments in places like Nashville, TN, Orlando, FL and Rochester, MN. The Lady Gaters also sponsor tournaments hosted at Proehlific Park. Teams practice in Greensboro and Jamestown, but the club is looking to expand to Proehlific Park in Greensboro and hope to eventually make Proehlific Park the home of The Lady Gaters. The Lady Gaters are always looking for talented young athletes interested in playing in a competitive environment. For more information about playing for the Greensboro Lady Gaters, contact Joe Moore at: firstname.lastname@example.org or phone 336-601-1960.
The mission of the Lady Phoenix is to provide the area’s top female athletes with a year round opportunity to develop advanced fundamental basketball skills and to grow into accomplished, self confident basketball players and responsible young adults. Its goal is to develop basketball players who are actively recruited by college coaches from Division 1, 2 and 3. Delaney Rudd, former Wake Forest standout and professional basketball player, started the Lady Phoenix in 2000 with just one girls team. Since that time, Team Phoenix and the Lady Phoenix have grown to include boys and girls teams in Greensboro; Charlotte; Lake Norman; Nashville, TN; Aiken, SC; Florence, SC, and Birmingham, AL. The organization has helped over one hundred young men and women reach the next level to compete in college basketball. The local teams practice at the Greensboro Sportsplex two nights a week. The program
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has boys and girls in age groups from 10U16U. Teams play in tournaments sanctioned by various organizations, includeing USSSA, AAU, and YBOA. The older teams, ages 15U and older, also play in several Exposure events across the country. These are NCAA certified events attended by coaches of top colleges from all around the country. Rudd’s organization, the North Carolina Basketball Academy, is based out of the Greensboro Sportsplex and hosts many of these events at their multi-court facility. NCBA also hosts clinics to develop its younger players. The program is designed to give more kids the chance to live their hoop dreams with coaches dedicated to the needs of the kids. Tryouts are posted at www.ladyphoenix.net for girls, and www.teamsphoenix.com for boys. For more information call 336-358- 2100, visit the website, or stop by the Greensboro Sportsplex.
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SportsKidsPlay® January-February, 2010
Strength and Conditioning Training for female high school athletes by Devan McConnell Since the advent of Title IX in 1972, the growth in female athletic opportunities has skyrocketed. By 2006, high school athletics for females has increased by 904% and collegiate participation has increased by 456%! While Title IX has its controversy, the positive social, educational and physical impact that the increased participation in athletics has had on girls is irrefutable. More girls playing sports, staying active and healthy has empowered a generation. The positive affects of the increased activity has brought its share of challenges for female athletes. While participation rates have been skyrocketing so have injury rates. Female athletes are eight times more likely to suffer a non-contact injury such as ACL tear as male athletes. It is understandable that due to increases in participation injury rates will rise but what concerns us is the disparity between males and females. To get a better perspective on this issue the Parisi Speed School consulted Stanford University Strength and Conditioning Coach, Devan McConnell on the topic of “Girls in Sports.” As a collegiate strength and conditioning coach working with two high profile female teams, there are some trends which I have observed regarding the level of athletic development of many incoming females. I believe that the participation in a proper strength and conditioning program at the high school level would prove incredibly beneficial to the female athlete, especially those who wish to pursue athletics at the college level. First off, it must be said that specific talent and skill of a particular sport or position is not the same as overall athletic ability. Many of the young women whom I work with are unbelievably talented basketball and volleyball players. They are capable of feats on the court that constantly amaze me. However, their lack of general athleticism never ceases to surprise me as well. I currently coach a young woman who has dunked in practice, yet when she first came to school was unable to do a proper push up! Is this the result of early specialization? How about a typical lack of understanding of the importance of a proper strength and conditioning program at the high school level? Perhaps no one ever took the time to teach them the proper habits and debunk the myths of good training. I say more often than not, yes to all three. While the training habits and lack of sound technique of incoming male athletes leave something to be desired, this group of athletes almost always is far ahead of their female counterparts when they arrive at Stanford. It is unheard of for a male athlete to make it to the DI level in just about any sport, who has never participated in some kind of strength program. But this is more often than not the case with even the highest level female athletes I see. You may be wondering why it is important for a female athlete to participate in a strength and conditioning program, especially one who plays her game at such a high level. Aside from the performance enhancing aspects (remember at the D1 college level, teenagers are now pitted against young women), the number one reason is injury reduction. It is no secret that strength training creates adaptations to the muscles, tendons,
and ligaments. At its most basic premise, a stronger muscle is a healthier muscle. The rigorous demands of a collegiate season wreak havoc on the body, and a proper strength and conditioning program can counteract some of the breakdown. In addition, the stronger an athlete, the better prepared their bodies are to withstand the forces which are forced upon them day after day, practice after practice, and game after game. When the players arrive on campus at the beginning of the year, I look for common issues amongst all the players. I implement the Functional Movement Screen, as well as several performance standards to develop a baseline and a starting point for the training program. I also make sure to spend some time getting to know the players and asking questions about their training background. Several commonalities amongst the freshman arriving on campus are relative weakness, a higher likelihood for injury during sport due to an inability to absorb force, an unfounded fear of gaining muscular size, and most of all, great potential to increase their athletic ability through a proper strength and conditioning program. RELATIVE STRENGTH First, lets take a look at relative strength. In very basic terms, if an athlete, any athlete, increases strength relative to bodyweight, they have increased their ability to accelerate and decelerate. This is akin to putting a bigger engine and better brakes on a car. The car can now speed up and slow down more efficiently and effectively. What team sport athlete would not improve their ability just by getting to where they need to be faster, and being able to stop and/or change direction faster? If you were a head coach and had to pick between two basketball players with equal skills, but one could get up and down the court faster, which one would you pick? Obviously the faster athlete. That is just one area which is greatly influenced by relative strength. STIGMA OF WEIGHT LIFTING Second, is the stigma that lifting weights, especially heavy ones, will cause an increase in muscular size with the female athlete. This is a myth which unfortunately still perpetuates the “fitness” industry, and because of this, high level female athletes are still very worried that they will end up looking like the football players if they participate in a structured strength and conditioning program. This could not be further from the truth. Heavy weights performed at low reps, exactly the prescription for increasing relative strength, is the opposite of what is needed for an increase in muscle mass. In fact, light weights moved with high repetitions is exactly what bodybuilders do to make their muscles grow (and the opposite of a performance enhancing strength program). INJURY REDUCTION Third is the injury component. What female athlete is not concerned about the dreaded ACL tear? This injury is
unfortunately at epidemic levels, and although there are many factors which play into the occurrence of this injury, relative strength has been show over and over to be the factor which can be controlled, and which has a direct impact on injury reduction. Quite simply, as relative strength increases, the ability to decelerate or absorb force increases. Think about the “better brakes” analogy. The stronger the muscles, tendons, and ligaments of an athlete, the more efficient they are at decelerating. And this is where most ACL injuries occur. Now, technique is a critical component of this as well. It is not good enough to be strong but have poor movement mechanics. The key is to get strong the way the body is supposed to move. This is what a good strength program will be centered around. IMPROVED ATHLETICISM Lastly is the great potential the female athlete has for improving their athleticism through proper training. In my experience several factors give the female athlete an advantage over their male counterparts. First, they are starting from scratch. Because of this they will see significant progress more quickly. Secondly, they are not hampered by poor exercise habits which usually plague the typical young male athlete. The ego doesn’t play a role in female training the way it does with males. Guy’s will always look at the person next to them to see how much they are lifting. In a controlled setting, this competition can be beneficial, but in the real world this results in terrible technique and injuries waiting to happen. High school males are more concerned with how much they can bench press than perfecting technique and improving performance. Females on the other hand, will be much more concerned with their technique than what their teammates are doing. As a strength coach, it’s much easier to get an athlete with great technique to increase performance than an athlete with terrible technique and an ego to go with it. SUMMARY The fact is any athlete will benefit from a good strength and conditioning program. This could not be more true than for the female athlete. The potential for injury reduction and performance enhancement through proper training is huge for this group. With the competition for college scholarships so intense, why would you not want to train to be a better athlete? Most females in high school athletics, and especially those heading into the collegiate ranks are not very good “athletes”. They may possess a high level of skill in particular area, but they are lacking the overall qualities which make up athleticism. Participating in a strength and conditioning program will go a long way toward developing those qualities and improving performance while decreasing the likelihood of injuries while participating in their sport of choice. Devan McConnell is a Stength and Conditioning coach at Stanford University.
The Clubs at Green Valley and Oak Branch 336.478.2660
SportsKidsPlay® January-February, 2010
Fourth Annual YWCA Greensboro
Girls and Women in Sports Awards Dinner
st Gue ker a Spe Olympic Gold Medalist Soccer Player
CARLA OVERBECK Date: Sunday, April Time: 6:00 - 8:30 p.m.
Visit www.ywcagsonc.org for details on sponsorships and ticket purchases. Also details to follow on the YWCA’s...
YOUTH SOCCER CLINIC Weekend of the Sports Awards Dinner The YWCA Greensboro will hold its 4th Annual Girls and Women in Sports Awards Dinner on Sunday, April 18, 2010 from 6:00 - 8:30 p.m. at the NC A&T Alumni Center. Nominations for the awards are now being accepted.
Nomination Procedure To nominate a candidate, complete and return nomination information. Attach a testimonial letter addressing the judging criteria. Include 1-5 supporting materials (letters of recommendation, newspaper clips, etc.).
Achievement Awards There will be three Achievement Awards: One for a K-8th grade student, one for a 9-12th grade student, and one for a college student and above. Judging Criteria: The student must have achieved some athletic accomplishment. The student must be female.
Empowerment Awards The empowerment award is for coaches and teachers or community leaders. Judging Criteria: The person, male or female, must reside or work in Guilford County. The person must have made significant contributions in the area of women and girls in sports.
Clip form below and send in your nominations! All award nominees must embody the values of the YWCA’s mission of eliminating racism and empowering women. For this final requirement, the YWCA is looking for someone whose actions in his/her sport or with his/her team have modeled or promoted the YWCA’s mission. If you have questions, please feel free to call Kim Poston at 336-279-5444.
YWCA Greensboro Girls and Women in Sports Awards
( ) Achievement Awards: ( ) Grades K-8th ( ) Empowerment Award – Coach or Teacher
( ) Grades 9th-12th ( ) College and above ( ) Empowerment Award – Community Leader
Nominee Name ___________________________________________ Age _________________ Phone Number (H) ____________________________________ (W) ______________________ Address ______________________________________________________________________ City/State/Zip __________________________________________________________________ Email ________________________________________________________________________ Nominated by __________________________________________________________________ Relationship to Nominee _________________________________________________________ Phone Number (H) ___________________________________ (W) _______________________ Address ______________________________________________________________________ City/State/Zip __________________________________________________________________ Email ________________________________________________________________________ Mail the form, testimonial letter and other supporting material to: GWS Nomination Committee, c/o Kim Poston, 135 Georgetowne Drive, Elon, NC 27244 Phone: 336-279-5444 Email: email@example.com (nomination materials can be scanned and e-mailed) www.ywcagsonc.org Nomination forms are due February 15, 2010.
SportsKidsPlay® January-February, 2010
Area Riders Claim Prizes Johnny Lucas Stables Riding Academy teaches more than horsemanship
10, and Jamie Lucas 9. Their riding instructor is Dawn Sibert of Gibsonville. In addition to their many riding awards, eight JLS riders earned National Academy Awards from the American Saddlebred Horse Association. Elizabeth Harris and Jamie Lucas earned Gold Medals, Sarah Adams and Shelley Bradley earned Silver Medals, and Paige Greeson, Debbie Claire Rice, Kyler Johnson and Heather Nichols earned Bronze Medals. Besides its busy show schedule, JLS offers Day Camps throughout the year. JLS is an indoor heated facility with beautiful professionally trained horses and a professional riding instructor with 22 years of experience. Johnny Lucas Stables is located at 6209 Bethel Church Road in Gibsonville. For more information, contact Dawn Sibert at 336-269-2788 or email, missdawnnc2007@hotmail. com to reserve your date(s).
! t i r o f Go
Competing were: Elizabeth Harris 15, Rachael Payne 13, Shelley Bradley 16, Sarah Adams 13, Kyler Johnson
JLS Riders with ribbons from National Finals
Six riders from Johnny Lucas Stables joined over 700 entries from fifteen states for the 10th Annual National Academy Finals in Murfreesboro, TN. JLS riders won a total of eighteen National Titles and some top prizes in the preliminary rounds during its first trip to the Finals. Age groups ranging from 5-6 year-olds to adults competed in the event. Two elimination rounds, pared down the exhibitors first to ten, and then to eight finalist in each age division. These eight finalists competed for the title of National Finals Grand Champion. Out of the six riders from JLS, four made it all the way to the Finals. Team JLS’s riders won a total of three National Grand Championships, two National Reserve Grand Championships, one National Grand Championship Top 3, and six National Top 10 Finalist Awards in the Grand Championship Finals. They also won multiple awards in the earlier rounds.
10th Annual National Academy Finals
The Riding Academy took nine riders to compete in the North Carolina State Championship Horse Show and came away with a saddlebag full of ribbons. Riders in five age groups from 6 and under to 17 competed in a variety of events testing the riders’ horsemanship skills. With each rider competing in two events. Showing against a huge field of riders from the top riding academies in the Carolinas and surrounding states, they left with four 1st place finishes, four 2nds, five 3rds, one 4th, three 5ths, and one 6th.
Competing were: Elizabeth Harris, Rachael Payne, Shelley Bradley, Olivia Helvey, Sarah Adams, Heather Nichols, Jamie Lucas, and Paige Greeson.
North Carolina State Championship Horse Show
Dallas Fall Classic Horse Show. The JLS Riding Academy also had some terrific performances at the Dallas Fall Classic Horse Show. Eight JLS riders competed in two events each. The large, quality-filled classes included riders from many other Carolina Riding Academies. JLS riders won a total of two 1sts, four 2nds, six 3rds, and two 4ths.
When Sibert became seriously disabled by an arthritic knee (She received a total knee replacement in August) “Liz Harris, Shelley Bradley and Sarah Adams rose to the occasion, doing the jobs I couldn’t.” Increasing their responsibilities “strengthened and improved the whole riding program at JLS. It has made the older riders as capable and competent as many professional adult instructors.” The older riders now do most of the chores that keep the Riding Academy’s school horses in tip-top shape as well as warming up and coaching the younger students and each other. The success of the program was evident in the results it posted at several shows this past season.
Competing were: Elizabeth Harris, Rachael Payne, Shelley Bradley, Sarah Adams, Olivia Helvey, Jamie Lucas, Kyler Johnson, Debbie Claire Rice, and Paige Greeson.
Johnny Lucas Stables and Riding Academy (JLS) of Gibsonville has been owned and operated by Mr. & Mrs. Johnny Lucas and their sons Bo and Robbie for over 20 years. Five years ago they brought in Dawn Sibert to run the Riding Academy and Camp Program at JLS. The program has enjoyed tremendous success that Sibert attributes to “ an excellent work ethic, complete dedication, and teamwork.” According to Sibert “many of life’s most important lessons can be learned at the barn.”
SportsKidsPlay® January-February, 2010
TITLE IX WHAT IT MEANS
The Department of Kinesiology and the Center for Women’s Health and Wellness present:
The 2nd Annual
Girls in Sport Symposium
Friday, February 5, 2010
One of the most prominent laws in the United States history related to gender equity is Title IX. Title IX was enacted on June 23, 1972 as an amended part to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Anderson, Cheslock, Ehrenberg, 2006). Title IX states:
8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. in the Elliot University Center This year’s keynote speaker: Dr. Jan Todd, the University of Texas, will address “The Muscle Problem: Myths about Girls, Women, Strength and Sports” Other symposium participants include: Dr. Jennifer Etnier, Department of Kinesiology, UNCG will discuss psychological issues related to coaching girls in sport and physical activity. Pam Noakes, National Association for Girls and Women in Sport will provide an update on Title IX and the current status of girls and women in sport. DeAnne Brooks, Department of Kinesiology, UNCG will address considerations and implications when coaching girls and female athletes from different cultural backgrounds. Ashley Thomas, Bridges II Sports with Dr. Leandra Bedini & Kim Miller, Department of Recreation, Tourism and Hospitality Management, UNCG will present: “I want to play!, adaptive sports.....a viable option.” A coaches’ panel will address successful and effective strategies when coaching and teaching girls in physical activity settings.
Free Parking available in the Oakland Deck off Spring Garden St.
Teachers, coaches and other professionals: $25 Graduate and undergraduate students: $15 Registration fee due by: Wednesday, January 27th, 2010. After January 27th, the registration fee for all is $35. Contact hour credits available through NAGWS Information available the day of the event
Questions? Please contact Dr. Donna Duffy at firstname.lastname@example.org
UNCG SYMPOSIUM REGISTRATION FORM Please complete the registration information below and return it with your registration fee (check or money order payable to UNCG) to: Dr. Donna Duffy, 235 HHP building, UNCG, 1408 Walker Ave., Greensboro, NC 27412. Name ________________________________________________________________ Professional affiliation (school/agency name) ______________________________ Email address _________________________________________________________ Will you need a validated parking pass (do you plan to drive)?
Girls and women are participating in sport at both the high school and intercollegiate levels now more than ever, and women continue to make strides towards management and leadership positions within sport; though the numbers are nowhere near what they were pre-Title IX. Numerous strategies and initiatives have been created to eliminate gender discrimination, promote opportunities and to ensure gender equity in sport, but none has been more significant than Title IX.
“No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational programs or activities receiving federal financial assistance” (Office of Civil Rights, 1979). Title IX prohibits sex discrimination at any institution that receives federal funds. This includes colleges and universities. To fulfill the athletic requirements of Title IX institutions must meet requirements in three areas: 1) Participation, 2) Athletic financial assistance, and 3) Other program areas. A three part test, commonly known as the three pronged test is utilized to determine if schools are compliant with a participation component. The prongs include: 1) Proportionality. This requires that male and females participate in athletics in numbers that are substantially proportionate to their institutions’ enrollments, 2) History and continued practice. This requires that an institution shows a history and continuing practice of expansion for the underrepresented sex, 3) Accommodation of interests and abilities. Institutions must demonstrate that programs offered are congruent and meet the interests and abilities of the underrepresented sex (Dougherty, Goldberger, & Carpenter, 2002; Women’s Sports Foundation, 2008). It is important to note that an institution can be in compliance if it meets just any one of the three prongs. If institutions fail to comply with Title IX and one of the three prongs, their funding can be cut. Though some colleges and universities have been taken to court over the years, and many are still not in full compliance with Title IX, no college or university in the over 35 years of Title IX has ever lost federal funding (Cunningham, 2007; Dougherty, Goldberger, & Carpenter, 2002; Women’s Sports Foundation, 2008). Because the law was not specific in how administrators were to provide equal opportunities and funding to both men and women, the Office of Civil Rights (OCR) was charged with interpreting and developing polices that would help administrators implement Title IX to clarify any confusion related to the first several prongs and to assist schools in interpreting Title IX; particularly the financial assistance and other program areas. For financial assistance, this predominantly has to do with scholarships allocated in proportion to the number of males and females participating in athletics (Dougherty, Goldberger, & Carpenter, 2002; Women’s Sports Foundation, 2008. The other program areas examined to determine if a school is compliant with Title IX include: 1) equipment and supplies, 2) scheduling of games and practice times, 3) travel and daily allowance, 4) tutoring, 5) coaching, 6) locker rooms and facilities, 7) training and medical services, 8) housing and dining facilities and services, 9) publicity, 10) support services, 11) recruitment of student athletes, 12) (Cunningham, 2007; Dougherty, Goldberger, & Carpenter, 2002; Epstein, 2003).
Legal battles challenging Title IX The interpretation and application of Title IX has resulted in much debate and ultimately numerous lawsuits. In 1984, in one of several court cases that attempted to clarify Title IX so that institutions would be certain to comply, the Supreme Court ruled in Grove City College v. Bell that Title IX only applied to those programs that specifically received financial aid. Though a setback to Title IX, Congress did pass in 1988 the Civil Rights Restoration act that clarified that Title IX be applied to all programs at federally funded institutions (Anderson, Cheslock, & Ehrenberg, 2006). Thus, if a university athletic program is not in compliance with Title IX, the entire university could lose all federal funding. Court cases continued as the efforts to explain, and to ensure that institutions complied with Title IX continued. In 1992, the Supreme Court ruled in Franklin v. Gwinnett County Public Schools that monetary damages could be awarded (Anderson, Cheslock, & Ehrenberg, 2006). This case was crucial in that it now provided financial “encouragement” to get schools to comply. Furthermore, in 1992 the NCAA created the Gender Task Force to address issues related to Title IX (Epstein, 2003), and in 1994 the Equity in Athletics Disclosure Act was passed that mandated that schools make information about the operations of their men’s and women’s athletic programs available to the public (Anderson, Cheslock, & Ehrenberg, 2006).
SportsKidsPlay® January-February, 2010
TITLE “Title IX has undoubtedly opened the doors of participation opportunity to girls and women. However, no one could have predicted the unintended consequences of this landmark legislation for women in leadership positions within intercollegiate athletics.” by Dr. Heidi Grappendorf Another substantial case related to Title IX was Cohen v. Brown University (1992). In 1991, Brown University announced that it was going to eliminate women’s gymnastics and volleyball. In 1996, the courts found Brown violated Title IX as it failed all three tests under the law. An agreement was reached and Brown University never lost its federal funding. Eventually, the women’s teams were restored to university-funded status (Dougherty, Goldberger, Carpenter, 2002; Epstein, 2003). These are just a few examples of landmark cases. The clarification efforts and lawsuits continue regarding Title IX even today. Title IX continues to endure challenges as the battle for the intent and spirit of it continues. The efforts for compliance and enforcement of to Title IX, and the efforts made by some to weaken Title IX have all been barriers for girls, women, and advocates of Title IX. Despite some gains, disparities remain. Rhode & Walker (2007) noted that despite Title IX’s remarkable legacy, frustration continues as to how Title IX has or actually has not been implemented.
References Anderson, D. J., Cheslock, J. J., & Ehrenberg, R. G. (2006). Gender equity in intercollegiate athletics: Determinants of Title IX compliance. The Journal of Higher Education, 77(2), 225-250. Carpenter, L.J., & Acosta, R.V. (2008). Women in intercollegiate sport: A longitudinal, national study- thirty-one year update – 1977-2008. Retrieved January 21, 2009 from, http://webpages.charter.net/ womeninsport/2008%20Summary%20Final.pdf Cunningham, G. B. (2007). Diversity in sport organizations. Scottsdale, AZ: Holcomb Hathaway. Dougherty, N. J., Goldberger, A. S., & Carpenter, L. J. (2002). Sport, physical activity, and the law (2nd edition). Champaign, IL: Sagamore Publishing. Epstein, A. (2003). Sports law. Clifton Park, NY: Thomson Learning National Federation of State High School Associations. (2008). High School sports participation rises again: Boys, girls, and overall participation reaches all time high. Retrieved January 11, 2009, from http://www.nfhs.org/web/2008/09/ high_school_sports_participation.aspx. Office of Civil Rights. (1979). A policy interpretation: Title IX and intercollegiate athletics. Retrieved December 1, 2008, from http://www.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/t9interp.html. Rhode, D.L, & Walker, C. J. (2007). Gender equity in college athletics: Women coaches as a case study. Retrieved December 1, 2008, from http://law.bepress.com/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=9336&context =expresso. Women’s Sports Foundation. (2008). Understanding Title IX and athletics 101. Retrieved January 30, 2009 from, http://www.womenssportsfoundation.org/Content/Articles/Issues/Title-IX/U/UnderstandingTitle-IX-and-Athletics-101.aspx
Dr. Heidi Grappendorf is an Assistant Professor in the Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management department at North Carolina State University.
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Where we are today Title IX has undoubtedly opened the doors of participation opportunity to girls and women. However, no one could have predicted the unintended consequences of this landmark legislation for women in leadership positions within intercollegiate athletics. It is clear that Title IX has provided more girls and women at both the high school and intercollegiate levels more opportunities to participate in athletics. At the interscholastic level, the number of girls participating in sport is at an all time high with 3,057,266 girls participating in sports (National Federation of State High School Associations, 2008). At the collegiate level in 1972, the average number of women’s teams offered per university was 2.5. In 2008, that number was at 8.65; the highest ever (Carpenter & Acosta, 2008). Despite the tremendous participation opportunities, there has unfortunately been a downside to Title IX. One of the unintended consequences or backlash effects of Title IX that has been a negative is the declining number of women in leadership positions, particularly in coaching and administration. According to Carpenter & Acosta (2008) only 42.8 percent of women’s teams have a female head coach, compared to over 90 percent in 1972. Additionally, there is only 21.3 percent of female athletes compared to over 90 percent of the administrators that headed women’s programs in 1972 (Carpenter & Acosta, 2008). For women to continue to make strides in obtaining sport leadership positions, research, programming, advocacy, and efforts by many will need to continue, as many challenges still remain. Great progress has been made, but inequity related to the numbers of women in leadership positions within intercollegiate athletics remains.
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SportsKidsPlay® January-February, 2010
Physical Therapy after Total Joint Replacement Chad Parker examines a patient at Greensboro Orthopaedics.
Total joint replacement, or arthroplasty, represents a significant advancement in the treatment of painful and disabling joint pathologies. Total joint replacement can be performed on any joints of the body, including the hip, knee, ankle, foot, shoulder, elbow, wrist, and fingers. Of these procedures, hip and knee total joint replacements are by far the most common. Surgeons here at Greensboro Orthopaedics perform hundreds of knee and hip replacements every year but treatment of the diseased hip or knee joint does not end with surgical replacement. The ultimate goal is ensuring pain-free function of the joint to improve the patient’s quality of life. Postoperative physical therapy helps to achieve this goal. Physical therapy is important after a joint replacement because the body is not like a car. You can’t just “drive it off the lot” once the new part is “installed”. The body goes through many stages of healing after such a large operation; patients typically experience significant swelling, bruising, and pain. This limits motion, strength, and overall function, and it will take several months to fully recover from such a surgery. In physical therapy, we help patients manage their recovery by guiding them through appropriate exercises, educating the patient, using modalities and hands on techniques to promote the ability to move, reduce pain,
by Chad Parker, MPT, LAT, ATC, CSCS restore function and prevent disability. Those patients who do not attend physical therapy after a joint replacement may experience a significant loss of motion, strength, have difficulty walking normally and may experience excessive scar tissue formation. What should be expected when beginning physical therapy after a joint replacement? Initially, the physical therapist will focus on controlling the swelling and pain with use of manual techniques, compression, elevation and physical modalities such as heat, ice, and electrical stimulation. We immediately begin to regain motion of the joint by manually stretching the area and instructing the patient in specific activities and exercises they can do themselves at home. Next, we will initiate exercises to regain lost strength as well as working on restoring balance, and normal walking patterns. Typically, a physical therapist will address many of these deficits during the same physical therapy session, and will advance the activities as the patient improves and healing progresses. With the proper physical therapy, the patient can regain motion and strength in a matter of weeks. While some patients will progress faster than others, most patients will be seen in outpatient physical therapy on average for two months. Once functional strength and motion are regained, the patient will be finished with formal physical therapy. The physical therapist will instruct the patient in appropriate exercises to continue after they have been discharged from formal physical therapy so the patient can continue to gain and maintain strength and mobility. After rehabilitation has been completed, the patient should be back to normal daily activities such as climbing the stairs, shopping, hobbies and work. Many recreational activities such as golf, tennis, hiking, gardening and yard work can be resumed without the pain experienced prior to surgery. We always encourage our patients to contact us with questions they may have after they have been discharged from physical therapy as
Frank V. Aluisio, M.D. President of the NC Orthopedics Association Greensboro Orthopaedics is proud to announce that Frank V. Aluisio, MD was inducted on Saturday, September 26, 2009 as the president of the North Carolina Orthopedics Association for the 2009-2010 year. The North Carolina Orthopedics Association (NCOA) is an organization which provides educational opportunities and national representation for orthopedic surgeons in our state. Dr. Aluisio will continue to see and treat patients with Greensboro Orthopaedics while he serves in this role.
Frank V. Aluisio, M.D., F.A.A.O.S. Complex Joint Replacement
Specializing In: Sports Medicine • Spine • Foot and Ankle • Knee Hand and Microvascular • Elbow and Shoulder • Total Joint Replacement Physiatry • EMG/NCS • Spinal Injection • Workers’ Compensation Diagnostic Imaging • Rehabilitation • Acute Care Clinic JAMES P. APLINGTON, M.D. RONALD A. GIOFFRE, M.D. R. ANDREW COLLINS, M.D. JEFFREY C. BEANE, M.D. KEVIN M. SUPPLE, M.D.
FRANK V. ALUISIO, M.D. WILLIAM M. GRAMIG III, M.D. RICHARD D. RAMOS, M.D. PAUL A. BEDNARZ, M.D. STEVEN R. NORRIS, M.D.
MATTHEW D. OLIN, M.D. ADAM S. KENDALL, M.D. FRED W. ORTMANN IV, M.D. DAHARI D. BROOKS, M.D.
Call Greensboro Orthopaedics First! 336.545.5000 • www.greensboroorthopaedic.com Benjamin Place Ofﬁce 1401 Benjamin Parkway Greensboro, NC 27408
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we want them to feel comfortable exercising on their own. Remember, the goal of physical therapy is to get patients back to their active lives safely, as quickly as possible. A physical therapist is your partner throughout your journey to restoring and maintaining motion
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and strength so that you can function at your personal best. So why go to physical therapy? Simply put, to get the most out of your new joint. Chad Parker is a licensed physical therapist with Greensboro Orthopaedics.
SportsKidsPlay® January-February, 2010
Local sports Legends
NC State Women’s Golf Coach
Page Marsh has never ventured too far from the golf course. Currently the Head Women’s Golf coach at North Carolina State University, Marsh has been around the game from an early age. As a child growing up in Jamestown, North Carolina, golf was always a family affair. Her parents, Linda and Leon Marsh, are both longtime golfers, and still tee it up at Sedgefield and Colonial. Marsh’s mother was always very active in junior events when her three daughters were growing up and, until recently, served on the Women’s Committee of the USGA. With the strong support of their parents, Page and her sisters, Sheree Crane and Amber Marsh Elliot, all developed into outstanding golfers. According to Marsh, her parents instilled an “appreciation for the sport and a respect for the game” that she tries to convey to her student athletes. Marsh was taught the finer points of the game by Ellen Griffin at Griffin’s instruction facility outside of Greensboro called, “The Farm.” Griffin, a UNCG faculty member from 19401968, is generally regarded as one of the finest golf instructors of all time. “Ellen Griffin was a remarkable person and teacher. I was fortunate to have her as a teacher. She taught her students not only a love for the game but a love for people.” While Marsh played other sports growing up - tennis, softball, and basketball in high school - golf was always her first love. Though the women’s golf team had been disbanded at Ragsdale High School, Page Marsh played on the boys’ team. Her high school coach, Herb Pike, was very familiar with the young woman’s game - he had just been promoted from his junior high coaching job where Marsh had played for him. Marsh won three North Carolina Junior Girls Championships before beginning her outstanding career at the University of North Carolina. While
at UNC from 1982 to 1985, Marsh recorded fifteen top-10 tournament finishes including wins at the Duke Invitational in 1981 and 1982 and the Pat Bradley Invitational in 1982. Marsh was named the team’s MVP four consecutive years. She earned all-American honors in 1983 and was all-ACC in 1983, 1984, and 1985. In 2003, Marsh was named to the Atlantic Coast Conference’s 50th Anniversary team. The entire Marsh family still has a very close relationship with her former coach at UNC, Dot Gunnells. “Both of my sisters played for Dot a Carolina, too, and we schedule a lunch with her every year. My twin daughters still call her “Nanna Dot.” After her distinguished college career, Marsh continued to golf competitively, both at as amateur and as a professional. Moving to Florida, she played professionally in Future Tour Events and in the Women’s Florida Golf Tour in 1986 and 1987. In 1986 she participated in the LPGA Tour School. While she enjoyed the golf itself, the competition, and had her share of success, the lifestyle of a professional golfer was an adjustment. “You have to be able to enjoy the lifestyle and everything that goes along with it...I found that I had other options and could play very competitive golf in national events as an amateur.” Returning to North Carolina in 1988, Marsh continued her brilliant amateur career. Her resume includes a win at the 1989 North-South Amateur Championship, three appearances in the US Women’s Open and twelve trips to the US Women’s Amateur. In addition, she’s a sixtime winner of the North Carolina Women’s State Amateur tournament! Page was a Curtis Cup alternate in 1990 and 1992 and a US Women’s Mid-Am finalist in 1989 and 1990. Golf Digest twice ranked her as a top-ten player in the nation. She represented her home state 13 times
by Bill Martin in the Carolinas-Virginias team matches, serving as team captain from 1994-98. Her outstanding golf career earned an induction into the North Carolina Sports Hall of Fame in 2001. When she returned to North Carolina, Marsh earned her teaching certificate at UNCG. That led to a teaching position at Ragsdale, the high school that she had graduated from a few years earlier. There she taught Honors English alongside some of her former high school teachers. “I loved it. It was a great experience for me.” In 2000, Marsh switched gears, becoming the Head Women’s Golf Coach at North Carolina State University. She was hired by Nora Lynn Finch, then NC State’s senior women’s associate athletic director, to resurrect the women’s golf program that had fallen victim to budget cuts a few years earlier. “I had no coaching experience and I’ll always be thankful to Nora Lynn for giving me the opportunity.” The 2009-2010 season will be Marsh’s tenth year at the helm of NC State’s Women’s golf program. Marsh’s NC State teams have compiled five top-four ACC finishes and eight consecutive NCAA tournament appearances in the past eight years. Her teams have won five tournament team titles and three individual medalist honors. In 2002, Marsh was named ACC Coach of the Year. An active supporter of her sport, Marsh has been an associate director of the Women’s Western Golf Association since 1991 and the United States Golf Association Women’s Mid-Amateur Committee since 1990. She is also on the steering committee of the North and South Amateur Championship. As a coach and mother of 14-year-old twins, Emma and Rachel Lea, Marsh advises parents that,
Photo courtesy of NC State Athletic Department
“Kids need to be allowed to handle adversity with appropriate support. Also kids should be allowed to feel disappointment. While I was fortunate to have enjoyed a great deal of success, I lost more times than I won. Life is much the same way, but I can still have a cup is half full attitude. Attitude is in my control. Running interference for kids does not allow them to develop the skillsets necessary to be successful in life. Disappointment can be a huge motivator. Handling adversity builds character. Both help grow confidence and in turn self esteem. Confidence and self esteem are important in life, but they can’t be given to another. It’s important that they are earned, so that the two qualities really take “root” in the individual. Life is not fair; the fair comes in October every year! We can choose the attitude we have each day.” When Marsh was inducted into the Guilford County Sports Hall of Fame in 2007, she credited much of her success in golf to her supportive family and a close association with some incredible mentors - her former coaches, Nora Lynn Finch, Kay Yow, and others - who “really laid the groundwork” for opportunities in women’s athletics. “I owe much of my game to the great golf instructors that were patient with me through the years as I developed my game often making the same mistakes time and again.” In her position as women’s golf coach at North Carolina State, Marsh now passes along that same legacy of pride and respect for the game to future generations of young athletes.
Local Sports Legends Presented by:
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SportsKidsPlay® January-February, 2010
Young Golfer Overcomes Scoliosis by Deanna Thompson
At age 19, Stephanie Demetrelis is living after the first round. She told her parents she was tired of her dream – playing the links and attending Catawba College on a golf scholarship. Last hurting. She wanted surgery. “I wasn’t really that scared about it,” July, she won the 16-18 girls’ title in the High Point Junior Golf Championships. In fall Stephanie says. “I felt like Dr. Cohen really 2009, Triad Golf Today featured her picture knew this was going to help me. I trusted him completely.” after she did well in a college tournament. During the surgery on January 6, 2009, Her triumphs are all the more amazing because she was forced to give up the sport Dr. Cohen used a state-of-the-art technique to in October 2008 – racked by pain from straighten Stephanie’s curved spine – utilizing scoliosis, a spinal disease she was diagnosed screws, hooks, titanium rods and a Dacron band called a Universal Clamp. Stephanie was with at 13. “I couldn’t even swing, I was hurting so the first scoliosis patient in the U.S. to benefit from the clamp, which Dr. Cohen helped bad,” Stephanie recalls. She was able to return to the sport she develop for U.S. use with Abbott Spine. Bone grafts were then laid over her spine loves after Max W. Cohen, MD, FAAOS, of Spine & Scoliosis Specialists in Greensboro, to create a “scaffolding” for the vertebra photo by - L&G Photography, LLC photo by - L&G Photography, LLC performed surgery at High Point Regional to grow together in the new straightened Hospital to correct two abnormal curves in her spine: a 60-degree curve in the mid-section position. “We’re actually tricking the body into thinking it has a fracture that needs to heal,” says and a 52-degree curve in her lower back. Scoliosis, which affects an estimated 6 million people in the U.S., causes curves and Dr. Cohen. Key to the success of the procedure is the “hardware” used to straighten the spine. It twists in the spine that can lead to deformity and pain. holds the vertebra in place while the bone grafts grow together. The type that Stephanie has – idiopathic adolescent Stephanie spent a week in the hospital and several months scoliosis – typically is discovered in children (usually girls) BEFORE SURGERY AFTER SURGERY recovering at home before she was allowed to pick up a golf during their growth spurt. Stephanie’s was found after her club again. Patients have limited physical activity during the mother noticed a hump on one side when she bent over a coffee first year so the bone grafts have time to fuse. table at age 13. Gradually, Dr. Cohen allowed more activity, and in July Stephanie was referred to Dr. Cohen, a fellowship-trained Stephanie began practicing golf again. spine specialist, who found a double curve measuring 40 “I wanted to play so bad,” she recalls. “I just could not wait degrees. Because Stephanie’s curve was so severe and she to get back out there.” was already through most of her growth spurt, she was not a Stephanie was elated when, two weeks after she began good candidate for a brace – which sometimes can stop further practicing again, she won the girls’ High Point Junior Golf progression during the growth spurt. Championships in her age division. Instead, Dr. Cohen checked her at intervals to track changes. In fall 2009, she returned to college and the golf team at Stephanie continued regular activities, including basketball. Catawba. Since her surgery, she has grown two inches – and Then, in high school, she took up golf. Even as she grew more finds it much easier to chip and putt because her curvature skilled in the sport, Stephanie was enduring regular pain, and limited movement. She says she doesn’t have her old swing her curvature grew worse – progressing to 46 degrees by 2006. back yet on longer drives, but “my putting is so much better Typically, doctors consider surgery when the curvature is 45 or that it doesn’t matter.” Her goal this year is to score consistently 50 degrees, or if the patient has pain or decompensation (where in the low to mid 70s – and for her Catawba team to win a the head moves out of alignment with the spine). Stephanie and tournament or even a regional title this spring. her parents, Sandra and Gary Demetrelis of Archdale, remained Stephanie has no question that the surgery changed her hesitant about surgery. life. By the time Stephanie graduated from Vandalia Christian “I would do it again in a second,” she says. School in 2008, she was hooked on golf – and had received a Stephanie Demetrelis had to quit golf when the curvature golf scholarship to attend Catawba College in Salisbury. College in her spine grew to 60 degrees in the mid-section and 52 brought long golf workouts and intensive study sessions, and degrees in her lower back as seen in the “before” x-ray. The “after” x-ray on the right shows Stephanie’s straightened spine Deanna Thompson is the owner of Thompson Communications, a her discomfort grew worse. The tipping point came in October after surgery. Max W. Cohen, MD, used rods, screws, hooks Greensboro-based company that provides writing, editing, marketing 2008, when pain caused her to withdraw from a tournament and a clamp to straighten and hold her spine in place. and public relations services.
SportsKidsPlayÂŽ January-February, 2010
Has Your Tween Been Screened?
by Max W. Cohen, MD, FAAOS If you have a child between the ages of 8 and 13 â€“ especially a girl â€“ then a spinal disease called scoliosis should be on your radar screen. The tween and early teen years are when children typically show the first signs of idiopathic adolescent scoliosis, the most common type. Idiopathic means there is no known cause. Adolescent describes the age group in which this disease is generally diagnosed. Scoliosis simply means an abnormal curvature of the spine. Max W. Cohen, MD
Girls are eight times more likely than boys to develop a curvature that requires treatment. Scoliosis occurs in both athletes and non-athletes.
Early detection is vital. When we catch scoliosis early, we can often use a brace to stop the curve from progressing further.
GET YOUR LIFE
BACK 45&1)"/*&%&.&53&-*4 4DPMJPTJTTVSHFSZ+BOVBSZ 2009 Winner, 16-18 Girlsâ€™ Division, High Point Junior Golf Championships
Here are eight things you, as a parent, should know about scoliosis: 1. Your children should be screened regularly by their pediatrician or family doctor for scoliosis. The critical period is from ages 8 to 13, because scoliosis typically appears during the growth spurt â€“ in girls, shortly before the first menstrual period. 2. If thereâ€™s a history of scoliosis in your family, be especially vigilant about regular screenings. Idiopathic scoliosis runs in families. 3. In most cases, kids with scoliosis can continue to play sports and participate in regular activities. 4. Neither scoliosis nor the surgery to correct it will affect your daughterâ€™s ability to have children.
Max W. Cohen, MD, FAAOS
S. Michael Tooke, MD, FRCSC
2105 Braxton Lane, Suite 101, Greensboro 336-333-6306 www.spineandscoliosisdocs.com
How You Can Screen Your Child You can do a quick screening for scoliosis yourself. Have your child bend forward from the waist. Look carefully at him or her from the back. If either shoulder or shoulder blade appears higher or if one hip is higher, you may want to have a physician evaluate your child.
5. If your child is diagnosed with idiopathic scoliosis, that does not mean she will need surgery. If her curve is 25 degrees or less, we may suggest a nighttime brace in an effort to stop further progression during her growth spurt, which is when the curve typically progresses. 6. When a curve reaches 45 to 50 degrees, we consider surgery. Studies show that curves of 50 or higher, left untreated, will progress 1 degree annually, which can result in debilitating curves by age 50. In addition, surgery is often recommended for patients who have pain or decompensation â€“ that is, their head moves out of alignment with their spine, creating a marked deformity. 7. Surgical techniques are much more advanced now than a generation ago. In our spine specialty practice, we use state-of-the-art techniques to straighten the spine, and then use screws, hooks, clamps and rods to hold grafts in place so the vertebra fuse together. 8. After surgery, kids typically spend a week in the hospital. They can begin light physical activities after 3 or 4 months. Limits on activity give the vertebra time to fuse together. Typically, patients resume all normal activity after 8 to 12 months. Out of everything I do as a spine specialist, I find that treating scoliosis is the most gratifying. Case in point: My patient Stephanie Demetrelis, a golfer who was hurting and now is back hitting the links again. Congratulations, Stephanie!
Max W. Cohen, MD, FAAOS, is the founding physician of Spine & Scoliosis Specialists in Greensboro. The only specialist in the Triad with double fellowship training in spine and scoliosis treatment, Dr. Cohen treats adults and children with scoliosis and other complex spinal problems.
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SportsKidsPlay® January-February, 2010
KIDS SPARK GROWTH IN TENNIS! 2010 Spring Programs
U.S. TENNIS PARTICIPATION TOPS 30 MILLION PEOPLE FOR THE FIRST TIME IN MORE THAN 25 YEARS AS YOUTH AND MINORITY PARTICIPATION SOARS.
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Spring Break Camp 2010 Ages 5-8 and 9-13
March 31, April 1, 2 Times: 10am-2pm (ages 5-8) 12pm-4pm (ages 9-13) Tuition: $150 (includes lunch)
Atlanta, GA – November 17, 2009 – USTA Southern, the USTA and TIA announced today that tennis participation in the United States topped 30 million players for the first time in more than two decades. The annual phone survey of 6,000 Americans showed that tennis participation grew in all age groups under the age of 50 and within all ethnicities. With 30.1 million people hitting the courts, tennis participation has grown 12% over 2008 and climbed 25% since 2003. The survey is conducted annually by the Taylor Research Group on behalf of the Tennis Industry Association (TIA) and the USTA. The greatest percentage growth in participation was in players 12-17 which grew from 15.7% of the total participants in 2008 to 20.5% of the participants in 2009. “The USTA continues to work closely with the entire tennis industry to grow our game, and we are extremely gratified that our collective efforts have generated such strong growth,” said Lucy S. Garvin, USTA President and Chairman of the Board. “We continue to strive to make tennis easier to learn and more fun to play, and this commitment has led to millions of more Americans playing the game. I am proud of our network of sections, states/districts, and community programs who have worked so hard to increase participation.” “This is great news for tennis and proof that our sport is truly the sport of a lifetime,”
The TIA/USTA survey results include: Participation in 2009 is up in every major ethnic group, but especially among African Americans (+19%) and Hispanics (+32%) Age groups comprising percentage of players are:
12-17 years at 20.5% of the total (more than 6 million players) 18-24 years at 18.4% of the total (more than 5.5 million players) 6-11 years at 16.25% of the total (4.9 million players)
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USTA Southern President Rex Maynard said. “We’re proud to have a substantial number of tennis players living in the nine states of the Southern Section.” USTA Southern Executive Director John Callen said, “Our goal is to get players on the court and we’ve had fantastic results in USTA Southern. Thanks to the hard work of our volunteers, players from as young as six years to Super Seniors are playing more and more frequently.” “Over the past several years, we’ve strived to make the game more accessible, particularly at parks and schools across the country,” said Kurt Kamperman, Chief Executive, Community Tennis, USTA. “Combine this with the health benefits of tennis, and you get surging interest in the sport.” “The TIA (industry) and the USTA have been focused on growing participation since the mid 90s and this is the result of a consistent and sustained effort that is now paying dividends,” said TIA President Jon Muir. “Our ongoing challenge is to continue to build our frequent player base, the economic lifeline for the sport.”
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SportsKidsPlay® January-February, 2010
Ski Helmet Safety by Dan Henley
Safety should always be an issue while participating in leisure sports. Like the time I decided to be like the kids who were jumping 20 feet over a small mogul. One friend who ski jumped in college taught us how. My older friend followed and jumped 2 feet. Then, not to be outdone, I put all that I had into my jump. After both friends stopped laughing, they described that I looked something like a huge Huey Helicopter crashing in a snowstorm. With blades whirling above I landed on my rear end. I was uninjured but I probably could have benefited from a helmet if I had one big enough to fit that part of my body. Seriously, there has been a slow but steady increase in the use of helmets for recreational skiing in the U.S. In Europe their use has been widely promoted, especially among children. But unlike biking helmets in this country, ski helmets have not been widely used. Unfortunately, while there are injuries that can be prevented by the use of helmets, based on current injury statistics, it is hard to make a strong case for all skiers to wear them. While helmets can prevent mild concussions caused by glancing blows, they wouldn’t be of much help in the kind of major collisions that cause skiing deaths. On the other hand they can help prevent injuries such as abrasions, bruises, cuts and other facial injuries. Helmets may also serve as a secondary defense when skiing near trees, rocks or unpadded lift line pylons. But I choose to err on the side of safety like other physicians and specialists who recommend helmet use - especially for children and novice skiers. Anything that can be done to decrease the occurrence or severity of injuries in skiing and snowboarding should be considered. In fact, a committee of the American Medical Association recommended that children and adolescents wear helmets on the slopes, but stopped short of supporting mandatory use of helmets, citing insufficient evidence to date. They based their support for helmet use on common sense, not strong data. A word of caution if you choose to buy a helmet for your family. The type of helmet to wear for skiing is at least as uncertain as the need to wear one. It is recommended that a helmet specifically designed for skiing should be used and not one made for other sports, such as biking. Ski helmets are available at ski supply outlets. Most have an impact-resistant shell and two inner layers that provide shock absorption and warmth. Don’t expect to win the best dressed skier award but be comforted by your increased safety on the slopes. A few more words of caution: Be sure that both children and parents take a skiing lesson on the first visit to the slopes each year. It’s a great warm up and allows you to check out your equipment and skills. Also, start out on the easier slopes, avoid mud and trees, and never try to fly like a helicopter.
This column on health and fitness is provided by the professionals at the four divisions of Southeastern Orthopaedic Specialists, serving the Triad Region. Dan Henley is a Licensed, Certified Athletic Trainer with a masters degree in health and physical education and over 35 years experience in the field. Please note that the information provided is for educational purposes only and should not be considered to be medical advice.
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SportsKidsPlay® January-February, 2010
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Fundraiser Nights CiCi’s Fundraiser Nights are all about supporting the community. CiCi’s Pizza works with local school organizations, church groups or other nonprofits to help them raise funds for anything from new football helmets to new church bells. Any club, sports team or nonprofit organization is eligible.
CiCi’s will host the event at your local CiCi’s Pizza or cater off-site and share a percentage of the total sales with your organization in cash or pizza credit. Simply put - unlimited pizza, pasta, salad and dessert, plus money donated towards your nonprofit organization.
Contact CiCi’s Pizza to schedule a Fundraiser Night. GREENSBORO 4648 West Market St. (336) 297-4008
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confronting gender stereotypes in sport by Dr. Jennifer Gapin
As more and more young girls choose to participate in sports, there is an increased need for coaches and parents to be aware of the unique psychological issues related to female participation in sport. One of the issues at the forefront of sport psychology today is the pervasive and persistent gender stereotypes that exist in sport. In a recent study published in the Journal of Leisure Research, authors reported that “Children as young as eight are aware of and affected by gender stereotypes in sport and physical activities.” More specifically, what is hard to ignore is the fact that female sport participants face the task of having to be athletic and feminine at the same time. This goes to say that our gender stereotypes have not faded away with the implementation of Title IX. Women’s sports are still associated with aesthetic qualities, femininity, and physical attractiveness. Coaches, parents and peers convey gender beliefs in indirect and direct ways, and often times without even realizing it. A recent incident that comes to mind is that of Elizabeth Lambert, the infamous New Mexico soccer player who was suspended for yanking an opponent to the ground by the ponytail. Very few women’s sports clips ever make ESPN Sports Center, however, this clip made it and soon after a flurry of you tube videos were posted to viewers all over the country. It is doubtful that this sport incident would have gained the press that it did had it involved a male athlete. As Anson Dorrance, the revered women’s soccer coach at the University of North Carolina said, “The world has changed… Women play with just as much intensity, work ethic and sometimes aggression as guys… [but] women are held to a different standard. I hate to call it a higher standard…It’s almost like they crossed a gender line they weren’t allowed to cross, like we want to take them out of the athletic arena and put them in the nurturing, caring role as mothers of children.” Perhaps the gender card is played too much in the particular case of Nicole Lambert, but it does bring to the light the gender stereotypes that do exist in sport and the roles women are expected to assume. Women are not typically thought of displaying aggressive and/or violent behavior, and when they do, it is shocking and “uncharacteristic.” While certainly Lambert’s behavior was highlighted because it was clearly outside the rules of play, one has to wonder why ESPN Sports Center chose to feature this particular clip over the thousands of others that demonstrate the true grit, determination, and strength of female athletes in soccer programs all over the country. Their choice speaks volumes. Mary Jo Kane, the director of the Tucker Center for Research on Girls and Women in Sport at the University of Minnesota was recently quoted in a New York Times article stating: “I think women being physically aggressive and violent is, in many ways, the last boundary to break…I think you’ll see snippets, but I don’t think you’ll see the same kind of behavior as men. In the broader social context, we don’t allow women to engage in that kind of behavior. There would be a pushback.” While no one is advocating for violent behavior in women sport, the point is what is expected of women and how they are portrayed in the media. As parents and coaches it is important to encourage young girls to participate in a wide variety of sports and activities, regardless of what gender they may be associated with. Teach them that they need to value the qualities that make them successful in their sport and that they don’t have to choose between being an athlete and being feminine. The two are not mutually exclusive. Most importantly, it is imperative to increase funding for girls’ sports programs, or at least make the opportunities equal for both genders. Now is the time for parents and coaches to challenge gender stereotypes and to see women for what they truly aspire to be: athletes. Dr. Jennifer Gapin is a sport psychology consultant and Assistant Professor of Sport and Exercise Psychology at Barry University in Miami, FL. She can be reached at email@example.com.
SportsKidsPlay® January-February, 2010
GIRLS WINNING In Youth Sports by DeAnne Davis Brooks
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At the age of seven, I joined the Durham Striders track and field team. Following my first practice I wrote a heart-felt note to my dad that said something like, “Those girls were faster than me; practice was tough; the coach yelled at me; AND I QUIT!” Thankfully, my parents encouraged me to return and, soon, I began to benefit from youth sports at its best. Simply, DeAnne Davis Brooks passing the baton as a Durham Strider. “the Striders” prepared me to win. Between the ages of 7 and 18 I set five national records, won numerous national titles, won hundreds of competitions, and earned a full athletic scholarship to UNC-Chapel Hill. Since I was the rule and not the exception on my team, our coaches were, obviously, performance experts. More importantly, however, their coaching practices fostered skills that prepared us athletes to succeed later in life. I know this sounds cliché but it’s true. As volunteers who raised money to fund our team travels and sacrificed to make our experiences great, The Durham Strider coaches taught us the value of giving back to our communities. During practice, they coached us on baton exchanges and warm-up procedures but on meet day, left us to execute those lessons, developing independence in the process. Between intervals and races, my teammates and I were allowed to sing, dance, and play games unrelated to track and field. During those practice/bonding sessions, I developed many friendships that remain 15 years later. Brooks later competed as a Tarheel. In addition to infusing lessons about social responsibility, independence, and friendship into our training environment, my youth sport coaches created a space where girls and boys could be proud and confident. They never cursed or used abusive language. When we won, we were congratulated; when we lost, we re-strategized or were simply celebrated for giving our best efforts. Amazingly, in twelve years of training and traveling with other girls, I never heard one speak of her body in negative terms; we were taught to appreciate and succeed in all kinds of bodies. Not only did these practices develop high self-esteem, they also taught us to appreciate the special talents of others. As I re-connect with many of my former teammates, I’m as proud of their accomplishments as I am of my own. Of course our parents and teachers must be commended for leading us but, as a youth sports program, the Durham Striders style complemented those lessons well. While understanding the benefits of athletic accomplishment, the Striders coaches also understood and promoted the importance of success beyond the athletic arena. As we all consider ways to promote and support sports that benefit our girls and young women, I encourage parents and coaches to borrow from the Striders model—use the athletic arena to teach kids how to win on and off the field. Allow girls to be themselves and to learn how to succeed in multiple ways. Realize that, through sports, girls can be taught to cross more than one finish line. DeAnne Davis Brooks is a fitness consultant, youth track and field coach, and doctoral candidate in the UNCG department of Kinesiology.
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