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Regions of Colombia

Located in Cartagena, the fort of San Felipe de Barajas was built by the Spanish in the ­seventeenth century to defend the coastal city from attack. Today, the fort is a popular tourist destination and a UNESCO World Heritage ­Site.

steamers or ­ ocean-­going cargo ships had to unload when they reached Barranquilla. Warehouses sprouted around the wharves, as did many large import and export businesses. To further encourage commerce, the district was made a free trade zone in which commodities are marketed without paying tar-­ iffs or taxes. Today, Barranquilla is a thriving city with a met-­ ropolitan population of approximately 2.2 million. In fact, it is the largest seaport, industrial complex, and population center



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