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Labor Force Unemployment Rate of Economic Growth Labor Force by Occupation Agriculture Products


Exports Export Commodities

Imports Import Commodities

Leading Trade Partners



20.81 million (2006 est.) 11% (rate of underemployment is much higher) 5.4% Services, 58.5%; agriculture, 22.7%; industry, 18.7% Coffee, cut flowers, bananas, rice, tobacco, corn, sugar-­ cane, cocoa beans, oilseed, vegetables; forest products; farmed shrimp; world’s largest producer of undocu-­ mented coca (cocaine) Textiles, food processing, oil, clothing and footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement; gold, coal, ­emeralds $24.86 billion (2006) Petroleum, coffee, coal, nickel, emeralds, apparel, bananas, cut ­flowers $24.33 billion (2006 est.) Industrial equipment, transportation equipment, consumer goods, chemicals, paper products, fuels, ­electricity Exports: U.S., 42%; Venezuela, 10%; Ecuador, 6%; oth-­ ers, 42%; Imports: United States, 29%; Mexico, 8%; China, 8%; Brazil, 7%; Venezuela, 6%; other, 42% Roadways: 70,207 miles (112,988 kilometers) of which 10,110 miles (16,270 kilometers) are paved; Railways: 2,053 miles (3,304 kilometers); Airports: 984—101 have paved runways; Waterways: 11,185 miles (18,000 ­kilometers)

Country Name Conventional long form: Republic of Colombia; Conventional short form: Colombia; Local long form: Republica de Colombia; Local short form: ­Colombia Capital City Bogotá Type of Government Republic; executive branch dominates government ­structure Head of Government President Álvaro Uribe Vélez (since August 7, 2002) Independence July 20, 1810 (from Spain) Administrative Divisions 32 departments (departamentos, ­singular— ­departamento) and one capital district* (distrito ­capital); Amazonas, Antioquia, Arauca, Atlantico,



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