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Environmental Issues Deforestation; soil and water quality damage from overuse of pesticides; air pollution, especially in Bogotá, from vehicle ­emissions

People

Population 44,379,598 (2007 est.); males, 21,751,256; females, 22,628,­342 Population Density 109 per square mile (42 per square kilometer) Population Growth Rate 1.4 percent (2007 est.) Net Migration Rate -0.29 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.) Total Fertility Rate 2.5 children given birth by average woman during her lifetime (2.1 is replacement rate) (2007 est.) Birthrate 20.16 per 1,000 population (2007 est.) Death Rate 5.54 per 1,000 population (2007 est.) Life Expectancy at Birth Total Population: 72.27 years (male, 68.44 years; female, 76.24 years) Median Age Total: 26.6 years; male, 25.6 years; female, 27.5 years (2007 est.) Racial and Ethnic Groups Mestizo, 58%; white, 20% (dominantly of Spanish ancestry); mulatto (black and white mixed ances-­ try), 14%; black, 4%; mixed ­black-­Amerindian, 3%; Amerindian, 1% Religions Roman Catholic, 90%; Protestant, 1%; other or none 9% Settlement 77% urban; 23% ­rural Age Structure 0–14 years, 29.8%; 15–64 years, 64.8%; 65 years and older, 5.4% Languages Spanish, although small groups of Amerindians (less than one percent of the population) speak their own ­tongue Literacy (Age 15 and older can read and write) Total Population: 92.5% (male, 92.4%; female, 92.6%) Human Development Index Seventieth among the world’s 177 rated ­countries (2007)

Economy

Currency GDP Purchasing Power Parity GDP Per Capita

Colombian peso (COP) $374.4 billion (2006 est.) $8,600 (2006 est.)

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Colombia  

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