Shekhar Shinde et al Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications ISSN : 2248-9622, Vol. 4, Issue 4( Version 9), April 2014, pp.114-117
Design of E-City Bus Tracking System Shekhar Shinde*, Vijaykumar Nagalwar**, Nikhil Shinde***, B.V.Pawar (GUIDE)**** *(Electronics and Telecommunication Department, PVPIT, PUNE University, Maharashtra) ** (Electronics and Telecommunication Department, PVPIT, PUNE University, Maharashtra) *** (Electronics and Telecommunication Department, PVPIT, PUNE University, Maharashtra) **** (Associate Professor, Electronics and Telecommunication Department, PVPIT, PUNE University, Maharashtra)
ABSTRACT E-city bus tracking system will serve as a viable notification system that will effectively assist passengers in making the decision of whether to wait for the bus or not. This system is a standalone system designed to display the real-time location(s) of the buses with the use of GSM module technology. The system will consist of an IR transmitter module installed on the buses, receiver boards installed on the bus stops and GSM receiver connected with PC monitoring the whole arrangement. It will also have passenger information system software installed at the bus stops and which will provide user the relevant information regarding all the bus numbers going for his source to destination along with the route details. It will also transmit its bus numbers and route names, with the help of LED transmitter, continuously as soon as the bus comes within the range of the receiver at the bus stop. Keywords - GSM, LED, IR, PC, standalone 1.1 Irregularities in bus timings: A proper time table is provided by the bus I. INTRODUCTION authorities, but due to number of reasons that Government has facilitated us with enormous schedule is not been followed. This has a very bad facilities. One of them is the public transport facility impact on individuals about the bus transport system. more over bus transport facility. A huge number of And irregularities lead to wastage of priceless time of crowds take the benefit of public buses. But there are the passenger. few of the major problems each individual deals on daily basis. A passenger often faces the problem in 1.2 Problem related to new passengers: deciding if it would be quicker for him to wait for the Craze of city life has led to migration of bus or to hire a cab/auto to reach to the destination. huge crowd in the urban areas each day. When these Many of them are often late for their work; students people wait for city bus, they find it confusing which arrive late for classes, as a consequence of their bus to board on and which not to. Also, people sitting dependency on the arrival and departure of buses inside the bus find it difficult, where to get out from they take. The time when they realize that they the bus. A shout from the bus conductor is hardly should have been looked for other options, itâ€™s heard by passengers away from him. already too late. All this could not take place if we provide passengers with an easy access to see which 1.3 Lack of control: bus is near to their location and approximate time the As the number of buses that run on roads is bus would take to reach their stop, in real-time. With much big, it is difficult to keep eye on each of them. this little help, they can make appropriate decisions, Sometimes, it happens that, a bus doesnâ€™t wait for that if or if not to wait at that stop. E-City Bus one of the stops it should was supposed to stop. Tracking System will provide passengers with such These results in great disappointment and anger facility. Transportation has a very a vital role to play within the passengers those were waiting at that stop. in day to-day life. Most of the people are being These are some major problem, which can be carried by the public transportation system. Because resolved to a greater extent after the implementation of the ever increasing development the requirement of the bus. of this system is increasing, that too in time effective manner.
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Shekhar Shinde et al Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications ISSN : 2248-9622, Vol. 4, Issue 4( Version 9), April 2014, pp.114-117 II. Block Diagram of the Projected system The overall working of the project is summarized in Fig.1. It shows the intercommunications between different protocols used in this project.
This device is immovable one (Fig. 3). It works in parallel with device in the BUS unit (Fig. 2). It displays the information sent out by bus unit and simultaneously sends its identity to the BUS unit. 3.3 Device At The Base Station
Fig. 4 diagram of base station unit Fig. 1 block diagram of the system
III. Block Diagram Description 2.1. Device Inside The Bus
This module consists of a GSM receiver connected with a personal computer. It receives message from BUS unit informing about the status of the bus, that is, if the bus is delayed or cancelled. The total project works on the faithful communication between the IR pairs installed at the bus stops unit and above the bus unit. It is only this interface which helps the total system inter-communication.
IV. Schematic 4.1 Bus Unit
Fig. 2 block diagram of bus unit This is a microprocessor based kit (Fig. 2) capable of sending and receiving the bus ID and other data wirelessly to and from the device at the bus stop unit simultaneously. The transmission of data takes place when this device comes in line of sight with the device at the bus stop. Also, this unit consists of GSM module used to send data to BASE STATION unit. Fig. 5 schematic of bus unit 3.2 Device At The Stop Schematic forms the back bone of the any hardware circuit design. It shows the arrangement of how all the electrical components to be mounted on circuit boards. Figure above and below (Fig. 5 and Fig. 6) shows the schematic for Bus Unit and Bus Stop Unit respectively.
Fig. 3 block diagram of bus stop unit www.ijera.com
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Shekhar Shinde et al Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications ISSN : 2248-9622, Vol. 4, Issue 4( Version 9), April 2014, pp.114-117 4.2 Bus Stop Unit LCD1
5V 5V 5V
+SDE DD SDE SW 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 E E VVV RRE DDDDDDDDL L
1 2 3 4 5 6 78 9 0 11 12 13 14 15 16 1
1 2 34 5
C7 U2 10uf
1 2 3 4 5V 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
C5 33p X1 CRYSTAL
40 MCLR/Vpp/THVRB7/PGD 39 RA0/AN0 RB6/PGC RA1/AN1 RB5 38 RA2/AN2/VREF-/CVREF RB4 37 36 5V RA3/AN3/VREF+ RB3/PGM RA4/T0CKI/C1OUT RB2 35 RA5/AN4/SS/C2OUT RB1 34 33 RE0/AN5/RD RB0/INT RE1/AN6/WR VDD32 RE2/AN7/CS VSS 31 30 VDD1 RD7/PSP7 29 VSS1 RD6/PSP6 28 OSC1/CLKIN RD5/PSP5 27 OSC2/CLKOUT RD4/PSP4 26 RC0/T1OSO/T1CKI RC7/RX/DT 25 RC1/T1OSI/CCP2 RC6/TX/CK 24 RC2/CCP1 RC5/SDO 23 RC3/SCK/SCL RC4/SDI/SDA 22 RD3/PSP3 RD0/PSP0 21 RD1/PSP1 RD2/PSP2
U1 1 VI
D2 2 1
R10 C4 C3 100n
8 U4 NE555 TRANSISTOR 4 RC Q 3 C V DC 7
10nF D 2 N TRG
C1 C2 1000u
7805 VO 3
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1 23 4
SIL-100-02 1 RO VCC 8 2 RI DO/RI 7 3 DE DO/RI 21 6 4 DI GND 5 75176 5V
Begin Initialize LCD, ADC, Serial parameters Go to "A" Is serial Interrupt detected? If No -> go to "A" If yes ->is serial Interrupt from IR If Yes->Display Bus name If No->is serial Interrupt from RS 485 If Yes-> Display name of Incoming Bus Go to "A" End
Fig. 6 schematic of bus stop unit
V. Flow charts and algorithms
Flow chat and algorithm for bus unit (Fig. 7) Start Initialize LCD, Serial parameters “A” Is serial Interrupt detected? no go to “B” Yes read Bus Stop name and display on the name on LCD “B” Is Key detected? No Go to “A” Yes Is Key EmergencyYes Send SMS to Base Station Is Key Bus IDYes Send the BUS ID to Bus stop via IR TX Go to “A” End
Fig. 8 flow chart of bus stop unit
Algorithm of Base Station Unit Begin Initialize LCD, ADC, Serial parameters Go to "A" Is serial Interrupt detected? If no-> Go to "A" If yes-> is serial Interrupt from IR If yes->Display Bus name on LCD at bus stop End
VI. Results The success of the project starts when the bus unit comes in contact with the bus stop unit. There the IR communication takes place and information is transferred. The special feature of bus delay or failure message is the key feature of this project. Also, software known to be VISUAL BASIC is used for Graphical User Display is one of the essential part of this project that’s helps in keeping track of various buses attached to this system. Fig. 7 flow chart of bus unit Flow chat and algorithm for bus stop unit (Fig. 8) www.ijera.com
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Shekhar Shinde et al Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications ISSN : 2248-9622, Vol. 4, Issue 4( Version 9), April 2014, pp.114-117 VII. Conclusion
The project â€œE-City Bus Tracking Systemâ€? is successfully designed implemented and tested and the following conclusions are made. 1) The display at bus stop saves time. 2) The present system reduces the work of bus conductor. 3) The system involves the tracking of bus at the every stop. 4) It also involves the sharing of information of the bus on the bus stops, the bus is going to attain, with the passengers. 5) The message through the GSM form Bus Unit will convey the server about the current status of the bus.
VIII. Future Scope There is a vide scope for this project. This is simple GSM based project which can be further modified using GPS for live positing if the bus. GPS gives exact location of the bus which in this project the bus position is judged by the time parameter. With the interface of GPS device and video camera to this system would take this system to the next level in the field of security. This would help in monitoring the crimes that happen which is witnessed by common people every day. This would prove a major breakthrough in reducing the crime rates. Also, with use of motion sensors the speed of the bus can be calculated and same information can be used to accurate the measurement of time calculation which here is based on approximation. Also, this project can be made completed automated if speed sensors are used.
IX. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We heartily thank Prof. B. V. Pawar of Electronics and Telecommunication Department, P.V.P.I.T Pune for his keen interest and complete guidance in our paper.
Dr. Saylee Gharge, Manal Chhaya, Gaurav Chheda, Jitesh Deshpande, Niket Gajra ``REAL TIME BUS MONITORING SYSTEM USING GPS", (IRACST Engineering Science and Technology: An International Journal $($ESTIJ$), ISSN: 2250-3498) Vol.2, No.3June 2012. Gaurav Chheda, Niket Gajra, Manal Chhaya, Jitesh Deshpande, Saylee Gharge ``REAL TIME BUS MONITORING AND PASSENGER INFORMATION SYSTEM" International Journal of Soft Computing and Engineering (IJSCE) ISSN: 2231-23207, Vol.-1, Issue -6, January 2012.
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