Page 1

>hfZrgyy jZ[hlZ ihjmkkdhfmyaudm aZ deZkk

d mq_[gbdm ŠJmkkdbcyauddeZkkª ;ZjZgh\Z FLb ^jFŠIjhk\_s_gb_ª]

mq_[ghijZdlbq_kdh_ ihkh[b_




 ;h]Zlkl\hjmkkdh]hyaudZkhklhbl\ lhfqlhhgh^gh\j_f_ggh djZkb\h b f_eh^bqgh a\mqbl jZkiheZ]Z_l [hevrbf aZiZkhf keh\ ihklhygghjZa\b\Z_lkyhghq_gvjZaghh[jZa_g  >bdlZgl

 IbkZl_evDIZmklh\kdbchlf_qZeŠ>ey\k_]h\ jmkkdhfyaud_ _klv\_ebdh_fgh`_kl\hohjhrbokeh\ªLZdebwlh" GZijbf_jfuqblZ_fklbobjmkkdboihwlh\b \b^bfdZd Šb]jZ xlª m gbo keh\Z \ hibkZgbb jZaebqguo \j_f_g ]h^Z <hl dZd bk ihevam_l]eZ]heu:KImrdbghibku\Zyabfm <hlk_\_jlmqbgZ]hgyy >hogmeaZ\ue ¹ B \hlkZfZ B^_l\her_[gbpZabfZ : \hldZdhibkZgZm ImrdbgZiha^gyyhk_gv Jhgy_le_k[Z]jyguck\hcm[hj Kj_[jblfhjham\ygm\r__ihe_ A^_kvdjZkdbhk_gbi_j_^Zgub ]eZ]heZfbb ijbeZ]Zl_evgufb Fh`gh ijb\_klb fgh`_kl\h ih^h[guo ijbf_jh\ ih^l\_j `^Zxsbokeh\ZDIZmklh\kdh]h  LjZi¹^jZiiehl¹hiehl[bjdZ¹[mjdZlhihj¹jhihl^hd¹ lhdlhjl¹jhihlebfhg¹ebfZgkhj¹jhkdjhl¹dhlem]¹iem] Dj_klvygbgr_eaZiem]hfb \kiZob\Zeem]ih^ihe_  :enZ\bClfm>aœ@_ckZglbf_Cljkd\hj_>r@gbdyb>r@gbpZ

 Keh\Zk [_am^Zjgufb_ \dhjgyoa_feyq_jg_lvf_evdZlvg_ [hk\h^p\_lghc\_ljZKeh\hk h]emr_gb_fa\hgdh]hkh]eZkgh]hgZ dhgp_ \_ljh\ a_fe_  q_jg_ xl >aÂś@Âąkh]ea\fy]d >q @Âąkh]e]emofy]d >b@Âą]e[_am^ >b@Âą]e[_am^ >f@Âąkh]ea\l\ >j@Âąkh]ea\l\ >e @Âąkh]ea\fy]d >g @Âąkh]ea\fy]d >w@Âą]em^ >w@Âą]em^ [md\a\mdh\ >c @Âąkh]ea\fy]d >m@Âą]e[_am^ >l@Âąkh]e]emol\ [md\a\mdh\ 






Švª khrvzf [mjvyg \uev_rv kh[vx kheh\vb \vxl fmjZ\vb qvb ihevzf

\hkvfhc ijhkv[Z k_evkdbc fhehlv[Z \havf_rv hdly[jvkdbc k_jv]Z lhgvr_ bxgvkdbc

Štª kt_klgh_ ih^tzf ij_^tx[be_cguc g_h[tylguc h[ty\e_gb_ jZat_a^ \t_oZlv ij_^ty\blv batyg \_l\b ]\ha^bd yg\Zjkdbc

 H[b^gh_ aZf_qZgb_h[b^gh_ keh\hh[b^gh_ ijha\bs_ h[b^ qb\ucj_[_ghdh[b^qb\ucfZevqbdh[b^qb\Zy^_\hqdZ Ijbf_ju e_k Âą e_kghc Âą e_kbkluc hkbgZ Âą hkbgh\uc Âą ih^hkbgh\bd 

A: I?J? K <U ;?A G:> G?

H;E:Q E?K ;?J?@ JHK J?AV ;J?@ IBKV EH<

G HD

UC

D

BC

E ; G

?F B : UC

   d k_\_jmabfhxkm]jh[Zo ihe_\u_e_kgu_fZe_gvdb_  ijhf_evdgmlihdZ`_lky Lhihebghc\vx]hc 


 HL?Q?KL<HFH,JHKKBY FZe_gvdb_klZgpbbJhkkbb FZe_gvdb_klZgpbbJhkkbb Ihe_\u_d k_\_jme_kgu_ K lhihebghc\vx]hcih\_kg_ Ahehlu_hk_gvxabfhx < ]hem[uokm]jh[Zoih^emghx Ijbfmlih_a^ Ijhf_evdgml\ hdg_ B a_feyihdZ`_lkydjZkb\_c IhlhfmqlhaZkibghc\k_]^Z FZe_gvdb_klZgpbbJhkkbb GZimlb\ [hevrb_]hjh^Z

 HL?Q?KL<HFH,JHKKBY

:Q_imjh\

F_szjZ GZi_j\uc\a]ey^ F_szjZ wlhlboZyb g_fm^jZya_feyih^g_ yjdbf khegp_fGh q_f [hevr_ magZzrvl_f \kz [hevr_ ihqlb ^h [heb \ k_j^p_gZqbgZ_rv ex[blv wlmh[udgh\_ggmx a_fexB _keb ijb^zlkyaZsbsZlv k\hx kljZgmlh]^_lh \ ]em[bg_k_j^pZy [m^m agZlvqlhy aZsbsZx bwlhldehqhda_febgZmqb\rbc f_gy\b^_lv b ihgbfZlv ij_djZkgh_dZd[ug_\ajZqgh gZ\b^hghg_[ueh wlhl e_kghcaZ^mfqb\ucdjZcex[h\v d dhlhjhfmg_aZ[m^_lky DIZmklh\kdbc

Hk_gv  K mljZ[uehk\_lehb lbohGbadh_khegp_[e_kl_ehhke_ibl_ev gh ;_euc oheh^guc lmfZg aZlhieye j_dm ;_euc ^uf lZye \ khe g_qguoemqZogZ^djurZfbba[b moh^be\ [bjxah\h_g_[h GZiheygZo\ kheg_qghf[e_kd_k\_jdZebiZmlbgub g_ih^\b`gh j^_eb k\_lehahehlu_ dezgu J_adbc djbd ^jha^h\ bgh]^Z gZjmrZe lbrbgm Ebklvy ijb]j_lu_ khegp_f keZ[h dhe_[eykv iZ^Zeb gZ l_fgu_ kuju_ ^hjh`db KZ^ imkl_e b ^bqZe ^Ze_dh [ue \b^_g \ g_fihemjZkdjulucihdbgmlucrZeZrkZ^h\gbdZ B;mgbg




 Dhj_gv

HdhgqZgb_

, RzjkldZ szedZlv rzedh\uc `zem^v szedZ qzlguc `zkldbc iqzedZ rzihl szldZ `zeluc qzjguc q_jlhqdZ Kl_j_`zl

;md\u H

Rh\ dju`h\gbd rhjho

\ qm`hfdjZx \jZqhf hlphf \ [hevrhfa^Zgbb k\_qhc

_

GZ k\_`_f \ha ^mo_ lh\Zjbs_f ihehl_gp_f

   q_j_^h\Zgb_ ]eZkguo \ dhjg_ keh\Z jZkl_gb_ jZkiheh `blvky aZjhkeb \ujZs_gguc \ueh`blv ijbeZ]Zlv   jZa^_eb l_evguc V\vxs__ky m jmqvykmqvy\ iZ\bevhg_j_[yqvb  jZa ^_ebl_evgucTdbghkt_fdZih^t_oZlv AK gZ dhgp_ijbklZ\hd jZkiheh`blvky jZknZkh\Zlv [_kihdhcguc oZjZdl_j jZa^\b]Zlv jZa`_qv   UB ihke_ P pbdehg ZdZpbb gZ pbn_j[eZl_ ijh^md pbxiZevpu BM: ihke_rbiysboqZkh\  QZklbj_qb H[s__ agZq_gb_ Bfy kms_kl\b l_evgh_

Ij_^f_l

<hijhku Jhev \ ij_^eh`_ Ijbf_ju gbb KZfhklhyl_evgu_ Dlh" Ih^e_`Zs__ >h`^v \ Qlh" ih Bi  ^hiheg_ e_km gb_ b h[klhyl_ev de_gZf kl\h \ dhk\ iZ ^_`Zo




QZklbj_qb H[s__ agZq_gb_ Bfy ijbeZ]Z l_evgh_ =eZ]he

Ij_^eh]

<hijhku Jhev \ ij_^eh`_ Ijbf_ju gbb KZfhklhyl_evgu_ IjbagZd DZdhc" Hij_^_e_gb_ A_e_ghf ij_^f_lZ Q_c" kdZam_fh_ ih kljhc qZs_ \k_]h djZl guf dh_ijbe

ihe_kguf >_ckl\b_ Qlh ^_ kdZam_fh_ Ijhrmf_e eZlv" Qlh k^_ eZlv" Kem`_[gu_ <ih ± ± ±

>_gv^h]hj_e  AZdZl ly`_eh iueZ_l gZ djhgZo ^_j_\v_\ ahehlbl bo klZjbgghc ihahehlhc<gbamm ih^gh`bykhk_gm`_l_fghb ]emoh;_krmfgh e_lZxldZd[m^lhaZ]ey^u\Zxl\ ebphe_lmqb_furbDZdhclhg_ ihgylguca\hgkeur_g\ e_kZo a\mqZgb_\_q_jZ^h]hj_\r_]h^gy : \_q_jhf [e_kgzl gZdhg_p ha_jh dZd q_jgh_ dhkh ihklZ\e_ggh_ a_jdZeh Ghqv m`_ klhbl gZ^ gbf b kfhljbl \ _]h l_fgmx \h^m  ghqv ihegZy a\_a^ GZ aZiZ^_ _s_ le__l aZjy \ aZjhkeyo \heqvbo y]h^ djbqbl \uivb gZ frZjZo [hjfhqml b \haylky `mjZ\eb h[_k ihdh_ggu_^ufhfdhkljZ<kxghqvh]hgvdhkljZlhjZa]hjZ_lkylh ]Zkg_l DIZmklh\kdbc

IueZ_l g_kh\\kij  KlZjbgghc `jLi  M ih^gh`by kjjgZ±b_Ji  G_ihgylguc fjBi  Q_jgh_ kjjBi  Kfhljbl g_kh\\kijbkde  Ghqv `jA kde<i  JZa]hjZ_lky g_kh\\kij

Lbij_qb±ih\_kl\h\Zgb_klbevj_qb±om^h`_kl\_gguc < e_kZo±kms =^_" \ e_kZo E_kgZjbpg_h^mrkdefj\hfgqIi < e_kZo 


  kms_kl\bl_evgu_j_qdZ Bi_^q ih^hebg_ >i_^ q ih em]m >i_^q  [_j_]Z B i fg q  f_klZfb L i fg q ehagydhf Li_^q \_j[hx Li_^q hevohc Li_^q  hkhdhc Li_^q ljZ\Zfb Lifgq ^gh Bi_^q ]em[b gZ Bi_^q   ijbeZ]Zl_evgu_ih jh\ghc `j_^q>i ih rbjhdhfm fj_^q>i ba\bebklu_ fgqBi [_j_]h\ufb fgqL i jh\gh djZld_^qkjj ]eZ^dh djZld_^qkjj h^bgZ dh\Z djZld_^q`j   ]eZ]heu[_`bl g_kh\\gZkl\je_^q h[jZklZxl g_ kh\\gZkl\jefgq  DjZkhlZiha^g_chk_gb  ?klv ij_e_klv b \ kZfhc iha^g_c hk_gb  \ wlhf [_agZ^z`ghf ^h`^_\ wlbohkljuoh^mjyxsboaZiZoZole_gby\ wlbofZe_gvdbo kfhjs_gguo ihkbg_\rbo hl oheh^Z kujh_`dZo gZ kkhorboky [_ j_lbdZodhlhjuoe_`Zlkhkgh\u_b]hedbebig_l[jmkgbqgucebklb ^jh`blk\_jdZ_ldZdke_aZ^h`^_\ZydZiey RmfblgZ^]heh\hce_kFy]dhihoexiu\Z_l ih^ gh]Zfb kbauc dZj_evkdbcfhoJ^yghZe_xl\ k\h_cg_j`Z\_xs_ca_e_gbdjmigu_ [mkbgu [jmkgbdb Dhkh g_\ihiZ^ e_`bl ju`bc ihgbdrbc iZih jhlgbd B gbdZdbo a\mdh\  gbq_]h djhf_ rmfZ ^h`^y b rhjhoh\ e_kZ EIZgl_e__\

Iha^g_c Fho  < ykgmxih]h^m\ g_h[tylghfijhklhj_gZfZe_gvdhc_ehq d_ hlijZ\bfky ih <he]_ \ yjdhf aZj_\_ \ [eZ]hjh^ghf ihju\_ \oh^brv \ jhsm gZ^ kbgbf ijm^hf \ g_ih^\b`ghf g_[_ d [eb` g_fm e_km \ iha^gxx hk_gv hl hkljh]h oheh^dZ ba e_kghc qZsb ]hgblh[eZdZmkeurbrvrZ]b

 Dhjgb ^_j_\Z kem`Zl _fm ^\_ kem`[u Hgb dhjfyl iblZxl ^_j_\hibs_cdhlhjmxkhkmlbaa_febHgb ijbdj_ieyxl ^_j_\h d fZl_jba_fe_b kem`Zl_fmhihjhcijhlb\[mjvb g_ih]h^Hlgbfb l_m ^_j_\Z_]hdhjgbb hghmfj_l Kl\he ^_j_\Z kem`bl _fm lZd`_ ^\_ kem`[u Hg g_k_l gZ k_[_ kmqvy k \_l\yfb ebklvyfb b ieh^Zfb b \ lh `_ \j_fy ijh\h^bl d gbfibsmbaa_feb 


Kmqvyb \_l\bg_kmlgZk_[_ebklvyp\_lub ieh^ub i_j_^Zxll_ khdbdhlhju_ihemqZxlq_j_akl\hehldhjg_c >DZc]hjh^h\

IeZg >eyq_]h^_j_\mdhjgb" >eyq_]hkem`blkl\he^_j_\Z" AZq_fgm`gukmqvyb \_l\b"   gZ^lmfZgghca_fe_c[e_^gufk\_lhf\ e_kma_e_ghfih kljhcgufde_gZf\eZ`gufl_iehf ijbghkbl <eZ`guf l_iehf ÂąijbeZ] L_iehf dZdbf" \eZ`guf <eZ`gucdZq_kl\\ kjj_^qLi <eZ`guf Ijbghkbl

 Gh\hlgZklmiZ_l\_q_jAZjyaZiueZeZih`Zjhfb h[o\ZlbeZ iheg_[ZKhegp_kZ^blky<ha^mo\[ebabdZdlhhkh[_gghijhajZq_g keh\ghkl_deygguc\^Zebeh`blkyfy]dbciZjlzieucgZ\b^\f_ kl_k jhkhciZ^Z_lZeuc[e_kdgZiheygu_s_g_^Z\ghh[eblu_ih lhdZfb `b^dh]h ahehlZ hl ^_j_\v_\ hl dmklh\ hl \ukhdbo klh]h\ k_gZih[_`Zeb^ebggu_l_gbÂŤKhegp_k_eha\_a^ZaZ`]eZkvb ^jh `bl \ h]gbklhf fhj_ aZdZlZÂŤ <hl hgh [e_^g__l kbg__l g_[h hl ^_evgu_ l_gb bkq_aZxl \ha^mo gZeb\Z_lky f]ehx IhjZ ^hfhc \ ^_j_\gx\ ba[m]^_\ughqm_l_ BLmj]_g_\

 Khqbg_gb_ IZfylguc^_gve_lgbodZgbdme

 Djmiguc ^h`^v \ e_km a_e_ghf ih kljhcguf de_gZf ih e_kgufp\_lZf\eZ`gufl_iehf\_k_ggyyghqvijhrmf_eihde_ gZf ijhrmf_e ih p\_lZf ijhrmf_e \ e_km \__l l_iehf \__l gZ^ k_ehf ijbghkbl k ihe_c ijbghkbl ZjhfZl keZ[h Ze__l Ze__l aZ kl_ivx   ]eZ\gh_keh\hÂąkms\vxs__kyjZkl_gb_aZjhkeb _`_\b db mklhcqb\uc pbdehg kmqvy ZdZpbb gZ pbn_j[eZl_ qZkh\ dbgh kt_fdZ \ iZ\bevhg_j_[yqvb iZevpu [_kihdhcguc oZjZdl_j \ujZ s_ggucp\_lhd 


  ]eZ\gh_ keh\h Âą ]eZ]he jZkiheh`blvky m jmqvy jZknZkh\Zlv ijh^mdpbx ih^t_oZlv d klZgpbb \ueh`blv ba kmfdb jZa^\b]Zlv \_ldbijbeZ]ZlvmkbebyjZa`_qvdhkl_j  Ijb[eb`Zlvky d q_fm" d Zee__hjb_glbjh\Zlvky \ q_f" \ h[klZgh\d_gm`^Zlvky \ q_f" \ ih^^_j`d_[_kihdhblvky h dhf"

h lh\Zjbs_ himrdZ q_]h"  jhsb dgb]Z hldm^Z"  ba [b[ebhl_db h[eh`dZ q_]h" dgb]bdjZkguc hlq_]h" hlklu^Zihe_aguc ^eyq_]h" ^ey a^hjh\vy[Z]jh\uc hlq_]h" hlgZlm]b dZdbf" iha^gbf\_q_jhfgZ dZdhc" ijh_a`_c^hjh]_

 >hjh]b_xgu_^jmavyE_k\oh^bl\ ihgylb_Hl_q_kl\ZK \_ dZfb \k_ f_gvr_ klZgh\blky ^Zjh\uo [eZ] g_ a_fe_ b qlh[u g_ agZlv ]hjy \i_j_^b gZ^h jZamfgh ljZlblv Z bgh]^Z b \haf_sZlv \kydmx dhi_cdm [_a jZkibkdb \aylmx m ijbjh^u>mfu h a_e_gb  ^mfu h [m^ms_f <Zf [_kdhg_qgh ^he]h `blv \ wlhc kljZg_ Ijb kh_^bgycl_kv`_d ihoh^m\ aZsblma_e_gh]h^jm]Z EE_hgh\

Hl_q_kl\hÂąjh^bgZhlqbagZ H a_e_gbÂąkms H q_f" h a_e_gb A_e_gvgZjbpg_h^mr`jkdelhevdh_^q\ Ii H a_e_gb \kyÂśdmx >\@Âąkh]ea\l\ >k @Âąkh]e]emofy]d >Z@Âą]em^ >d@Âąkh]e]emol\ >m@Âą]e[_am^ >c@Âąkh]ea\fy]d >m@Âą]e[_am^ [md\a\mdh\   DZdohjhr e_k \ [Z]jyghfmahj_hk_gb  Ihke_\ha^moZb \h^ue_k  lj_lbc^Zj ijbjh^uq_eh\_dm   J_[ylZ kdhevdh \u ihkZ^beb ^_j_\v_\ \ wlhf ]h^m" Qlh lu k^_eZe ^eyhojZgua_ezguogZkZ`^_gbc" IhkZ^bebÂąkZ^kZ^bdgZkZ`^_gbyaZkZ^blvgZkZ^blv\ukZ^blv 


 QZklvj_qb Kms_kl\bl_evgh_

IjbeZ]Zl_evgh_ =eZ]he GZj_qb_

Qe_gij_^eh`_gby ijbf_ju Ih^e_`Zs__ \ B Fhkd\Z ± klhebpZ i  Jhkkbb kdZam_fh_ \ Bi  ^hiheg_gb_ h[klhy l_evkl\h \ dhk\ iZ ^_`Zo

Hij_^_e_gb_ Hk_ggyy ih]h^Z oh kdZam_fh_ h[uqgh \ eh^gZ djnhjf_

kdZam_fh_ Fu ihkZ^beb ^_j_ \vy h[klhyl_evkl\h Hg mf__l [ukljh [_ ]Zlv

  < rdhevghfkZ^mmqZsb_kyh[j_aZebkmob_kmqvygZnjmd lh\uo^_j_\vyoy[ehgyo\brgyokeb\Zo   >_\hqdb khklZ\eyeb dhee_dpbb `zeluo [Z]jyguo [mjuo hk_ggboebklv_\^eymdjZr_gbydeZkkZ  Ihke_^jm`ghcjZ[hluj_[ylZjZa]h\Zjb\Zebb kf_yebkv  J_[ylZ\ayebkmfdb]jZ[ebehiZlub ihreb^hfhc  IhhimrdZfe_kh\_s_jZklml]jb[udjZkgh]heh\u_ih^hkb gh\bdb a_e_gh\Zlu_ b jhah\u_ kujh_`db kdhevadb_ ]jma^b b ^m rbklu_ju`bdb G_jZkijhkljij_^eh`_gby Ijbr_e ]eZ] k_gly[jvQbkl b ijhajZq_g djijbeZ] \ha^mo IjhajZq_g±ijbeZ]<ha^mo dZdh\" ijhajZq_g IjhajZqgucdZq_kl\\ djnhjf_fj_^q IjhajZq_g JZaghkylky±]eZ]he=hehkZ qlh^_eZxl" jZaghkylky JZaghkblvkyg_kh\\kij\ gZkl\jefgq JZaghkylky IhijhajZqghfm\ukhdhfmg_[m[_]mlb [_]mlh[eZdZ

 ©Kihck\_lbdg_klu^bkvQlh_`_ebk_kljbpZijbdjZkhl_ lZdhcb i_lvlufZkl_jbpZ"ª 


©DZd kf__rv lu gZ]e_p g_qbkluf juehf a^_kv qbklh_ fmlblv iblv_fh_k i_kdhfb kbehf"ª ©G_hklZ\vf_gydmffbeucª ©:olbj_[ylZ\hjª Fbeuck\_lbd g_]h^guc  Dhjgb^_j_\Zkem`Zl_fm^\_kem`[u Hlgbfbl_m ^_j_\Z_]hdhjgbb hghmfj_l <_l_jijbghkblk ihe_cZjhfZlkeZ[hZe__laZkl_ivxaZdZl

  Hk_gv jZa^_\Z_l e_kklm^bl \h^m <_l_j kju\Z_l h^bghdb_ ebklhqdbk ^_j_\v_\k\bklbl b ]m^bl ih ghqZf\ ljm[Zo Ih\_kl\g_\hkdeijhklh_jZkijhkljhkeh`g_gh h^ghjh^kdZam_fufb

  GZklmibeb oheh^Z \k_ qZs_ ih mljZf em`bpu ihdju\Zxlky ojmidbfe_^dhf Gbadh gZ^ a_fe_c gZ\bkeb lmqb b gm^guc ^h`^bd [jhkZ_l gZ a_fexk\hbf_edb_[jua]b H^bghdb_±ijbeZ]Ebklvy dZdb_" h^bghdb_ H^bghdbcdZq_kl\iheg\hfgq<i H^bghdb_ Dhkl_j  <hjhoebklv_\kmobo\k_kbevg_c\_k_e_cjZa]hjZ_lky B lj_sblb iueZ_ldhklzj Iur_lieZfy\ ebphl_ieuc^ufgZ\_ljmjZa\_\Z_lky AZlygme\_kve_kghcdhkh]hj E_k ]m^bl gZ]hj_gbadh]gmlky [_jzau \_l\bklu_ F_`kl\heZfbdZqZ_lky l_gv ;e_kdhfrmfhfebkl\ugZihegy_le_kZahehlbklu_ Wlhlkheg_qguc\_lj_guc^_gv B;mgbg

Dhkh]hj±kmsAZlygme qlh" dhkh]hj Dhkh]hjgZjbpg_h^mrfjkde\ _^q<i Dhkh]hj <_l\bklu_±ijbeZ];_j_au dZdb_" \_l\bklu_ <_l\bklucdZq_kl\iheg\hfgqBi <_l\bkluc




]m^bÂśl >]@Âąkh]ea\l\ >m@Âą]e[_am^ >^ @Âąkh]ea\fy]d >b@Âą]em^ >l@Âąkh]e]emol\ [md\a\mdh\

 MiZebi_j\u_dZieb^h`^yb gZqZeZkv]jhaZ =jhaZgZqZeZkvdh]^ZmiZebi_j\u_dZieb^h`^y Ijh]j_f_e]jhfgh^h`^vg_ihr_e Hgkijhkbef_gy]^_gZoh^blkyfZ]Zabg

 Khegp_ klhyeh gbadh gZ [e_^ghykghf g_[_ Hl ^_j_\v_\hl dmklh\hl \ukhdbo klh]h\ k_gZ ih[_`Zeb ^ebg gu_l_gb Khegp_ m`_ ^h\hevgh \ukhdh klhyeh gZ qbklhf g_[_ gh ihey m`_ [e_kl_eb jhkhc >Z@ >h@ >b@ KujZya_feymijm]Zih^gh]Zfb\ukhdb_kmob_[uebgdbg_r_ >w@ \_eylky^ebggu_gblb[e_klylgZih`_el_\r_cljZ\_ BKLmj]_g_\

Hl \ukhdboÂąijbeZ]Hlklh]h\ dZdbo" \ukhdbo <ukhdbcdZq_kl\iheg\hfgqJi <ukhdbo

 Hk_gvijbreZiZ^ZxlebklvyIZ^Zxlebklvyb ex^boh^yl ih ahehlhfm dh\jm Y aZf_qZx qlh aZ hdghf b^_l ^h`^v Ilbpu me_lZxlihlhfmqlhklZgh\blkyoheh^ghb ]heh^gh

IlbqvbjZa]h\hju    <hl dZdZylh djhr_qgZy ibqm`dZ hldjueZ ]eZaZ m\b^_eZ \h djm] k_[y k\_`mx fZkeygbklmx a_e_gv `_fqm`gu_ dZieb jhku b m^b\e_ggh ijbk\bklgmeZ Š<b`m \_ldb \b`m \_ldbª   : ^jm]Zy m`_ \a\beZkv gZ^ fZdmrdhc ^_j_\Z aZ`fmjbeZkv hl [e_kgm\r_]h k\_lZ b ihki_rbeZ hih\_klblv ŠKhegp_ Khegp_ \klZzlª  ŠJhkZ k_j_[jblkyjhkZk_j_[jblkyª hl\_qZxl_ckgbamba]mklh]hdmklZ hj_rgbdZ Š<blv"ª kijZrb\Z_lay[ebddjm`Zkvhdheh g_^h\b lh]h ]gza^urdZ   Š<blv \blvª  lhjhieb\h hl\_qZxl _fm   B hgijbgy\rbkvaZ^_ehk\bs_lgZ\kxhimrdmŠ<vx\vxª 


Gh\bagZ¹kms Qlh" gh\bagZ Gh\bagZgZjbpg_h^mr`jkde\ _^qBi Gh\bagZ <vx >\œ@¹kh]ea\fy]d >c@¹kh]ea\fy]d >m@¹]eZkgm^ [a\  :ŠIª :ŠIIª¹ŠIª¹Z ŠI"ª¹Z ŠIª¹Z : ŠIª  <ukhdZykhkgZkijhkbeZ^yleZ ¹Qlhwlhlu^_eZ_rvk mljZihjZgvr_" ¹ L_[_ ihfh]Zx ¹ q_jydh\\j_^bl_e_c k l\h_]h kl\heZ kde_\u \Zx ¹: luf_gyg_ihjZgbrv" ¹QlhluY hklhjh`gh

 PZjvKZelZg^b\blkyqm^m Š?keblhevdh`b\y [m^mqm^ guchkljh\gZ\_smm =\b^hgZih]hsmª IjbieueZd g_fmju[dZkijhkbeZ ŠQ_]hl_[_ gZ^h[ghklZj q_"ª KlZjrbcfhe\blŠQlhaZ^b\hª

 :G Lheklhc ij_^mij_`^Ze ŠH[jZsZlvky k yaudhf dh_dZd ¹ agZqblb fukeblvdh_dZdg_lhqghijb[ebabl_evghg_\_jghª:ŠIª ŠH[h]ZsZcl_ k_[y agZgb_f fZkl_jh\ jmkkdh]h yaudZ qblZcl_ [hevr_ qblZcl_ lZdbo fZkl_jh\ keh\_kgh]h bkdmkkl\Z dZdh\u Imrdbg=h]hevE_\LheklhcE_kdh\Q_oh\ª¹gZklhyl_evghkh\_ lh\ZeF=hjvdbc  < [b[ebhl_d_ ¹A^jZ\kl\mcl_ ¹>h[juc^_gvH q_fluohq_rvihqblZlv" ¹M \Zk_klvdgb]b=h]hey" ¹: dZdb_ijhba\_^_gbyl_[ybgl_j_kmxl" ¹GZijbf_jŠ<bcª ¹L_[_gm`gh\aylvk[hjgbdŠFbj]hjh^ª¹k_cqZky _]hijbg_km ¹KiZkb[h 


AZ[hleb\ucp\_lhd  Dbij_c  hq_gv l_ieuc p\_lhd Dh]^Z m^Zjbl hk_ggbc fhjha b bg_c ihk_j_[jbl ljZ\m lh hdheh dbij_y bg_y g_l <hdjm] dbij_y klhbl lzieuc \ha^mo Wlhl p\_lhd \u^_ey_l ba k_[y l_iehlm B \ wlhcl_iehl_jZklmlk_[_[_akljZoZ\k_khk_^bdbij_y\k_keZ[_gv db_ih[_]bihdZa_feyg_ijbdjh_lbodZd\Zlgufh^_yehf]em[h dbfkg_`dhf B aZf_lvl_ qlh dbij_c \k_]^Z jZajZklZ_lky jy^hf k fheh^ufb khkgZfbWlhboklhjh`b aZsblgbdbogygvdZ ;u\Z_l\ kbevgucfhjham dbij_yhlfzjag_l\ky\_jomrdZZ hg \kz jZ\gh g_ k^Zzlky `b\zl b ^urbl l_iehlhc KZfhhl\_j`_gguc p\_lhd DIZmklh\kdbc

E_kiha^g_chk_gvx  B dZd `_ wlhl e_k ohjhr iha^g_c hk_gvx dh]^Z ijbe_lZxl \Zev^rg_iu Hgb g_ ^_j`Zlky \ kZfhc ]emrb bo gZ^h[gh bkdZlv \^hevhimrdb <_ljZ g_l b g_l gb khegpZ gb k\_lZ gb l_gb gb ^\b`_gby gb rmfZ< fy]dhf\ha^mo_jZaeblhk_ggbcaZiZoLhgdbclmfZgklhbl \^Zeb gZ^ `zelufb iheyfb Kd\hav h[gZ`zggu_ [mju_ kmqvy ^_ j_\v_\fbjgh[_e__lg_ih^\b`gh_g_[hDh_]^_gZebiZo\bkylih ke_^gb_ahehlu_ebklvyKujZya_feymijm]Zih^gh]Zfb BLmj]_g_\

  GZm]emmebpukljhbl_eb\ha\h^ylfgh]hwlZ`gh_a^Zgb_< wlhf^hf_gZf_qZ_lkyhldjulv^hf[ulh\uomkem]  < fZkl_jkdhcijb^hf_[ulh\uomkem]j_fhglbjmxlfm`kdmx b `_gkdmxh^_`^m?zqbgyld\Zebnbpbjh\Zggu_fZkl_jZ  GZ nZ[jbd_ ^_eZxl rdZnu klheu ^b\Zgu F_[_ev a^_kv \u imkdZxl\ukhdh]hdZq_kl\Z NjZgl  GZdmklZoZdZpbbkb^_ehfgh]h\hjh[vz\Ih^djZeky y d gbf ih <i [eb`_ gZp_ebeky k\hbf ZiiZjZlhf ]ey`m \ ]eZahd <hl i_j_^h Bi fghc gZ \_ld_ \hjh[ur_d >Z dZdhc hdZau\Z_lky gZjy^guc Y jZgvr_ wlh]h b g_ aZf_qZe <_jo ]heh\db k_j_gvdbc [m^lh k_j_gv dZyrZihqdZgZ^_lZ=jm^dZb [jxrdhlh`_k_ju_Z kibgdZb dju 


evyihl_fg__hgbdhjbqg_\Zlu_i_klj_gvdb_<\_jomgZdjuevyo [_eZyihehkdZ Ih\_jgme]heh\dmohq_lszqdbqzjgh_kb^blm g_]hk gbf ]ey`mÂś >]@Âąkh]ea\l\ >e @Âąkh]ea\fy]d >Z@Âą]e[_am^ >`@Âąkh]ea\l\ >mÂś@Âą]em^ [md\a\mdh\  M^hklh\_jylv \abfZlv gb`_baeh`_gguc ijhlhdhe jZkke_ ^h\Zgb_bgkljmdpby^bj_dpbyj_ahexpbyf_fhjZg^mfm\_^hfe_ gb_gZdeZ^gZyZggmebjh\ZlvdhgnbkdZpby  aZy\e_gb_ihh[jZapm

 Š: \hl hlq_]h d ijbf_jm `mjZ\ey gZau\Zxl `mjZ\ezf"ª  kijZrb\Zedjm]ehebpucDhe_qdZŠNZdljZgvr_ª \hkdebdgmeih jZ`zggucwlhcfukevxDhe_qdZŠG_m`lh[_agZa\Zgby"ª bamfezg gh\hkdebdgmeDhe_qdZb ihdjmlbedjm]ehcdj_idhc]heh\hc Djm]ehebpuc  Ihk_^_lvd klZjhklbihkb^_lvjy^hfiheZkdZlvj_[zgdZih ehkdZlv[_evzjZajy^bejm`vzjZaj_^bebfhjdh\vgZ]jy^d_jZa\_ \Z_lkyneZ]jZa\b\Z_lkyj_[zghdijbfbjylvihkkhjb\rbokyj_[yl ijbf_jylvieZlv_  B]hehqdb¹  fZe_gvdb_f_lZeebq_kdb_kl_j`_gvdb^eyrblvy  o\hy\_qgha_e_guo^_j_\v_\  i_j\u_ih[_]bljZ\u Oe_[Zœ  \ui_qdZbafmdb  jh`vb ir_gbpZ Ohefu g_[hevrb_]hjdb OjmkldZy kihkh[gZyojmkl_lv JZqbl_evguf\u[vxlkydhq_\gbqvb\ujZklZxl^_\bqvb

 DZjZ\Zg km^h\ Hljy^gmx ebg_cdm  GZijbf_j ba l_ e_nhgZZ\lhfZlZZ\lhfZlZihijh^Z`_gZibldh\




Ihke_^h`^y  >h`^bd ijhrze ihkZ^h\hc ^hjh`d_ DZiebgZ\_ldZo\bkyldZdk_jz`db Ljhg_rv[_jzadm hgZ\klj_i_gzlky B aZkf_zlky>hkezaaZkf_zlky >h`^vijhrmjrZeihrbjhdhfmem]m >Z`_p\_lum^b\bebkv ^jm]^jm]m < qZr_qdZoebklv_\gZdZ`^hcljZ\bgd_ Ihh]hg_qdmihk_j_[jbgd_ : Yrbg

keza >k@Âąkh]e]emol\ >e @Âąkh]ea\fy]d >hÂś@Âą]em^ >k@Âąkh]e]emol\ [md\ua\mdZ

 Gbabgu h[ex[h\Zgu _evgbdhf Lzfghc kmf_j_qghc qZs_c \klZe hg [m^lh aZ^mfZeky <_l\b klZjuo _e_c h[jhkeb kbaufb [h jh^Zfb ebrZcgbdZ Ih gbam _eh\h]h e_kZ ]mklh jZkl_l q_jgbdZ Z ihemk]gb\rb_ igb h[\blu [jmkgbqgbdhf ihjhc kh\_jr_ggh [hj ^h\ufhlh[bebyy]h^Fhoa^_kv]mklha_ezgucb hl g_]hbkoh^bl ij_eucaZiZo]jb[gbpu : dZd^b\gh ohjhr [_j_agyd k ]mkluf ih^e_kdhf hj_rgbdZKgb am[eZ]hjh^gh_k_j_[jh kl\heh\mdjZr_ghq_jgvxZ [eb`_d \_jrb gZf fhj_ [_jza ijbh[j_lZ_l jhah\Zlhahehlbkluc hll_ghd <eZ`gZy lj_i_lgZy a_e_gv \_l\_c a^_kv ijhgbaZgZ khegp_f b ilbqvbf s_[_ lhfhkh[_ggha\hgdbf\ mlj_ggbcqZk <IhelhjZpdbc

;jmkgbqgbdhf Q_jgvx jZklzÂśl >j@Âąkh]ea\l\ >Z@Âą]e[_am^ >k@Âąkh]e]emol\ >l @Âąkh]e]emofy]d >hÂś@Âą]em^ >l@Âąkh]e]emol\ [md\a\mdh\ 


 =hjyqbc dhn_ Âą oheh^guc dhn_ =hjyqbc q_eh\_d Âą kihdhc guc q_eh\_d Fy]dbc ]jmgl Âą l\_j^uc ]jmgl Fy]dbc debfZl Âą km jh\uc debfZl Fy]dbc fZljZp Âą `_kldbc fZljZp E_]dbc dZf_gv Âą ly`_euc dZf_gv E_]dbc mjhd Âą ljm^guc mjhd E_]dbc fhjha Âą kbevguc fhjha K\_`bc oe_[ Âą q_jkl\uc oe_[ K\_`bc `mjgZe Âą klZjuc`mjgZeK\_`bc\hjhlgbqhdÂą]jyaguc\hjhlgbqhd Hg ex[bl iblv g_ ]hjyqbc Z oheh^guc dhn_ < Djufm fy]dbc debfZlZ \AZiheyjv_Âąkmjh\uc  Hl\_lbeÂąhlha\Zekyhldebdgmekyhlj_Z]bjh\Ze kde AZiZkgu_ fhlhj_ lhjfhaZ ihemqZ_lky \uoh^bl kwdhghfbe , ,, fh`_f ihfgbrv k^_eZlv hlfZogmeky \hajZ`_gbc aZf_qZl_ev gZy AZiZkgu_ ihfgxÂą]eZ],, kij\ f e_^qgZkl\j imlzÂśf >i@Âąkh]e]el\ >m@Âą]e[_am^ >l @Âąkh]e]emofy]d >h@Âą]em^ >f@Âąkh]ea\l\ [md\a\mdh\  E_lh [ueh kmoh_^h`^b ihqlb g_\uiZ^Zeb@ZjZklhyeZg_ kl_jibfZy< lZdmxih]h^mj_[ylZg_\ue_aZebbaj_dbGhhli_deZ b lZfljm^ghkiZklbkv\h^Z[ueZlzieZy

 Djm]hf\eZ`guc[e_kdg_yjdbckheg_qguck\_l Djm]euc klhe gZ j_aguo gh`dZo gh`db hljZ`Zxlky \ em`Zo [md_lp\_lh\\ dm\rbg_e_`ZsbcgZ[hdmklZdZgg_`gu_lhgZp\_ lh\p\_lumfulu^h`^_fqZklvl_jjZkui_jbeZkdZf_cdZ[e_klbl hk\_s_ggZykhegp_fm]he^hfZ\uoh^blijyfh\ kZ^l_gbgZihem [e_kdfhdjh]hiheZ DjurZkZjZy\ kZ^m\b^g__lkykd\hav\_ldbdmklh\]mklu_p\_ lmsb_ dmklu \h ^\hj_ \_ldZ kdehgbeZkv gZ^ kdZfv_c \b^_g djZc k\_le_xs_]hg_[Z  mklgh




 Mljhfy ijhkuiZxkvhllboh]hklmdZÂąwlh\_l_jdZqZ_l\_ldm [_j_au b hgZ aZ]ey^u\Z_l dh fg_ \ hdgh [m^lh ijhkblky \ ]hklb Kd\hav__ \_l\by \b`m^\hjk dZq_eyfbb i_khqgbp_clZf_s_gb dh]hg_lY \]ey^u\Zxkv\^Zevb \b`mgZ]hjbahgl_l_fgmxihehkdm iZjdZÂąhllm^Ze_gb\h\u]ey^u\Z_lmlj_gg__khegp_ >g_f khegp_ ih^gbf_lky \ur_b wlb ^_j_\vy [m^ml jZaebqbfu ykg__: \kmf_jdbhgb\hh[s_khevxlkyk l_fg_xsbfg_[hf Fbgkdh_rhkk_  >hjh]Z\_ljmk\_`_fmhldjulZ B i_j_^gZfb\ mlj_gg_cjhk_ Khe^Zlkdb_nb]mjuba]jZgblZÂą DZdfgh]hboihFbgkdhfmrhkk_ _I Khe^Zlkdb_nb]mjugZhimrd_ GZ^j_qdhc\hae_[_eh]hfhkldZ _J M dZ`^hcfZehfZevkdhc^_j_\mrdb _ GZiehsZ^bex[h]h]hjh^dZ , GZk`^ml^_eZFuijh_a`Z_ffbfh B \hlhgbl_jyxlkyba]eZa Gh\ gZk`b\uo`b\mlhgbg_ajbfh DZd\ gbo]jZgblguo_klvqZklbpZgZk

D<Zgr_gdbg

 H[s_mihlj_[bl_evgu_ keh\Z e_k [hehlZ kZfhe_l dhgqZlv kyijbe_lZlv b l^

G_h[s_mihlj_[bl_evgu_keh\ZfrZjufhqZ`bguqZiu]Zq_j ghe_kv_ imklhrv LZdb_ keh\Z ibkZl_eb mihlj_[eyxl qlh[u kha ^Zlv f_klguc dhehjbl ih^q_jdgmlv hkh[_gghklv g_ih\lhjbfhklv dZdh]hlhdhgdj_lgh]hdmkhqdZa_febWlbkeh\ZdZd[u©aZ\hjZ`b \ZxlªqblZl_ey  K ihfhsvx imgkhgZ ba]hlh\beb fZljbpu ^ey ih^ihevghc lbih]jZnbbJhlZpbhggh_ i_qZlZgb_dgb]\k_qZs_aZf_gy_lkydhf ivxl_jghc\_jkldhc<Z]hghlh]gZebgZaZiZkghcimlvb ih^eh`beb ih^dhe_kZ[ZrfZd  Om^h`gbd i_j_imlZe ^\Z agZq_gby fgh]hagZqguo keh\ h[ s_mihlj_[bl_evgh_b ijhn_kkbhgZevgh_ 


  nhlh]jZnnbdkZ`ijhy\bl_evaZdj_ibl_evlm[mkg_]Zlb\  om^h`gbdZd\Zj_eviZebljZfhev[_jlwklZfi]mZrv  klheyjgZ`^Zd\lmedZam[behklZf_kdZrlbnl  fmaudZglhdlZ\Znhjl_]ZffZZddhj^\hdZeba =mZrv >]@±kh]ea\l\ >m@±]eZkg[_am^ >Z@±]eZkgm^ >r@±kh]e]emol\ [a\ Nhlh]jZni_qZlZekgbfdbkhklZjh]hg_]Zlb\ZOm^h`gbdaZdj_ ibe jbkmghd gZ fhev[_jl_ Klheyj gZlhqbe ihemdjm]eu_ klZf_kdb WlhZddhj^ud wlhci_kg_\ eyfbghj_   [_am^Zjgu_]eZkgu_\ dhjg_ijh\_jy_fu_m^Zj_gb_fbah [j_l_gb_ bah[j_e  m^b\bl_evguo ^b\guc  ihsZ^beb ihsZ^Z  dZaZ\rboky dZ`_lky  hkgh\gu_ hkgh\Z  ijhly`_gbb lyg_lky  gZihfbgZe ihfgblv khojZgbebkv khojZgghklv    g_ijh\_jy_fu_ [_am^Zjgu_ ]eZkgu_ \ dhjg_ jhlZpbhggu_ i_qZlgZy  BM: ihke_rbiysbodgb]hi_qZlZgbyihsZ^bebfZrbgu hl`bfdb`bagb  h[hagZq_gb_fy]dhklbV b _]hhlkmlkl\b_ m^b\bl_evguodh g_qghbklhqgbd  hdhgqZgbykmsgZijhly`_gbb`bagbgZ[mfZ]_fukeb

LjZdlhjbkl  <_^_lhgljZdlhj[hjha^hc K mijyfhcp_ebghxkihjy DZd[m^lhljZevsbd[h_\hc Ihwgkdhfmd\Z^jZlmfhjy Ieu\mlwkdZ^juh[eZdh\ GZ^]heh\hc_]h[_afhe\gh B \^Zev[_]mlhle_f_oh\ Ijyfu_[ZjoZlgu_\hegu G;mdbg

LjZdlhjbkl [ue \h_gguf fhjydhf h[ wlhf gZf ]h\hjyl keh\Z ljZevsbdwkdZ^ju\hegu




 L_lyIhey Âąobjmj]Z fhyfZlvÂąaZ\_^mxsZy aZ\h^kdhcZf [meZlhjb_c  <_klbfh h[e Âądhg_qghjZamf__lky DheqZ h[e Âąkf_jarbckydhfa_feb h[uqghgZ^hjh]_  Fma]Z h[e ÂąyfZgZiheg_ggZy\h^hc h[s_mihljÂądZgZ\Z  Dhg_qgh fu ihc^_f aZ\ljZ \ e_k ;ueh ljm^gh ijh_oZlv d ^_ j_\g_ ihlhfm qlh gZ ^hjh]_ \Zeyebkv kf_jarb_ky dhfvy a_feb <^hev^hjh]b\ujuebdZgZ\m^eyklhdZ\h^u

 < `bagb  kde  dj_klvygbgZ ^h[juf dZdbf"  ihfhsgb dhf ijbghkbl ,, kij  ]m[bl ,, kij  ]hgbl ,, kij bkde  ju[Z qvb eh^db eh^hqdZ  \ha\jZsZxsb_ky \ha\jZl  d [_ehfhjkdbf dZdbf" [_j_]Zfba^Z\gZ ^Z\gbc keh`beZkv\ j_qb kde   <_klbfhÂądhg_qghjZamf__lky

 FbqfZgZ <B >Zey aZbgl_j_kh\Zeh \ j_qb yfsbdZ g_h[uq gh_ keh\h ©aZfheZ`b\Z_lª GZ\_jgh_ hgh ihdZaZehkv >Zex gZ klhevdh djZkb\uf b lhqgh hibku\Zxsbf y\e_gb_ ijbjh^u qlh hg j_rbe_]haZibkZlvLZdjh^behkvj_r_gb_>Zeykh[bjZlvgZjh^gu_ keh\Z Kh[bjZy keh\Z khjhd e_l >Zev khklZ\be ©Lhedh\uc keh\Zjv `b\h]h\_ebdhjmkkdh]hyaudZªWlhkeh\Zjvijbg_k_fm\k_fbjgmx ba\_klghklv

 G_ \u^_j`Zlv wdaZf_gZ g_k^Zgguc wdaZf_g ]heh\Z l_e_\b ahj j_adh ^_jadh [_kihsZ^gh aZ ]jZgbp_c ^hfZrg__ aZ^Zgb_ hq_gvohjhrhmclb @Zj]hgbafufh]mlmihlj_[eylvkylhevdh\ jZa]h\hjghcj_qbbo mihlj_[e_gb_ fh`_l [ulv hijZ\^Zgh gZijbf_j \ \ukdZau\Zgbyo bjhgbq_kdbok xfhjhf    gZ_oZlv q_eghd `md lZqdZ   h[sZ]Z lmkh\dZ ohofZq aZdmkhglhilmg\_jgyd[Ze^_`  Hlhj\Zlv ihkdhevdm wlh keh\h ba l_o \j_f_g dh]^Z aZ]jZ gbqgu_\_sbfh`gh[ueh©^hklZlvªlhevdhm ki_dmeyglh\   Kfmij 

 ?keb q_eh\_d mf__l mihlj_[eylv `Zj]hggu_ keh\Z \ kblmZ pbb dh]^Z wlh mf_klgh Âą gbq_]h \ wlhf kljZrgh]h g_l GZr yaud hq_gv[h]Zlb \g_fgZoh^ylkykeh\Z^ey\ujZ`_gbyex[uoqm\kl\ 


©\ gm`gh_\j_fyb \gm`ghff_kl_ª< dgb]ZohibkZgukemqZbdh ]^Zwlh^Z`_fh`_lihfhqv \ jhfZg_;:dmgbgZ]_jhcijbihfhsb mf_eh]hmihlj_[e_gby`Zj]hgZ \ha\jZsZ_lk_[_ mdjZ^_ggu_\_sb  Ghex^bdhlhju_]h\hjyl lZd ihklhyggh b g_ mf_xl h[sZlvky ih ^jm]hfm±wlhg_dmevlmjgu_ex^bhgbiehoh\eZ^_xlyaudhf  I_khq_d mf_gvreZkdZl  aZ\_l \ukhd  a^hjh\msbc ijhkl  ]m[bl_ev \ukhd  f_rZgbgZ ijhkl  djhohlmevdZ mf_gvreZkdZl  \_sbc \ukhd  ]jy^msbc \ukhd  \^hogh\blv \ukhd  ]emiur ijhkl  bki_i_eblv \ukhd  ihkh[gbqZlv \u khdg_h^h[jbl_evgh_   LhesZ kb^_e kb^y  dZkZehkv \ h[eZdZo kdjbimq_ kdjbi  ij_^ihqblZy[eZ]h^Zjx [eZ]h   <q_jZkv\hehkvyhlq_kZebog_]hj_[yl_gdZ_cghc\ oZjx

 ;Zjurgbd mklZj  ± q_eh\_d aZgbfZxsbcky i_j_ijh^Z`_c jZ^bijb[ueb [ZjurZ  IjbdZaqbd mklZj  ±   gZ_fguc kem`Zsbc \ lhj]h\hf aZ\_^_ gbb mijZ\eyxsbcbf_gb_fihf_sbdZ EZihlgbd mklZj ±lhldlhoh^bl\ eZilyodj_klvygbg GZmjhd_ kdeIi \ deZkk_ kdeIi gZibkZeZ ibr_l  jZkijhkljZg_gu kljZgu gZaZ^ kaZ^b  GZibkZeZ  < >j_\g_cJmkbg_kms_kl\h\Zehhqdh\h]g_klj_evgh]hhjm `by g_dhlhjuo ij_^f_lh\ h^_`^u [_j_l lmneb  <f_klh [_j_lZ gZ^h gZjbkh\Zlv re_f \f_klh jm`vy ± emd ihlhfm qlh aZ kibghc \hbgZ\bkbldheqZgkhklj_eZfb   Dgy`bq mklZj ikZelujv mklZj oZjZlvy mklZj

K\_lebpmmdZadZfbfZevqbdZemqkhegpZih`_el_\rb_hdhg qbehkviheh`bekd\hav K\hxk\hx >F@±kh]e]emol\ >\@±kh]ea\l\ >Z@±]eZkg[_am^ >c@±kh]ea\fy]d >m@±]eZkgm^ [a\ 


,<u\h^blv±]eZ]KlZeb qlh^_eZlv" \u\h^blv ,,<u\h^blvgn,,kijg_kh\\ ,,,KlZeb qlh^_eZlv" \u\h^blv AZfhjkdbfb

 Kimlgbd emggbd emghoh^ emghljyk_gb_ ijbemgbeky f_` ieZg_lguo\_g_jbZgkdhc Ihy\beky y\blky  emghljyk_gb_ ljykdZ  \ gZf_q_gghf dZ dhf" imgdl_ kdeIi k ihfhsvxklZgpbc   Zd\ZgZ\l jZd_lqbd ieZg_lheh] :d\ZgZ\l±wlhbke_^h\Zl_ev\h^guo]em[bgJZd_lqbd±wlhkhe ^Zl\ jZd_lguoqZklyoIeZg_lheh]±wlhZkljhghfbamqZxsbcieZ g_lu  KFBbfb^`Bgl_jg_lljbee_ji_c^`_jkZffbl HklZev gu_keh\Z±[he__jZggb_

< Bgl_jg_l_fh`ghgZclbfZkkmihe_aghcbgnhjfZpbb< dbgh l_Zlj_gZke_^mxs_cg_^_e_ihdZ`mlfbklbq_kdbcljbee_jGZi_c ^`_j ijbreh \Z`gh_ khh[s_gb_ Klbebkl jZ[hlZ_l gZ^ kha^Zgb_f bfb^`Zl_e_a\_a^  Kmg^md dheqZg [ZrfZd [ZjZ[Zg ± lxjdkdh]h ijhbkoh`^_ gbykdZfvydjh\ZlvdmdeZk\_deZ±ba]j_q_kdh]hyaudZ

 :ddhj^±[eZ]ha\mqgh_kh_^bg_gb_g_kdhevdbofmaudZevguo a\mdh\ bablZe =ZffZ±ihke_^h\Zl_evgucjy^fmaudZevguoa\m dh\ dhlhjuc fh`_l b^lb hl \ukhdbo a\mdh\ d gbadbf b gZh[hjhl ba ]j_q  Dhehjbl ± khq_lZgb_ djZkhd p\_lh\ \ dZjlbg_ oZjZdl_j hdjZkdb ba blZe  Fhev[_jl ± ih^klZ\dZ gZ dhlhjhc ihf_sZ_lky ih^jZfgbdk oheklhf bag_f_pd  Ba hdgZ ^hghkbebkv a\mdb Zddhj^h\ Z ihke_ aZa\mqZeb ]Zffu YjdbcdhehjblwlhcdZjlbguh[tykgy_lkyl_fqlha^_kvbah[jZ`_gh e_lh Om^h`gbd aZdj_ibe ohekl gZ fhev[_jl_ Z djZkdb e_`Zeb jy ^hf  Hkgh\gZy fukev klbohl\hj_gby Z\lhj ijbau\Z_l \_l_jZgh\ ghkblvhj^_gZqlh[ugZihfbgZlv\k_fgZfh \_ebdhcih[_^_ Hj^_g ± hkh[uc gZ]jm^guc agZd hlebqby dhlhjuf gZ]jZ`^Zxl ]jZ`^Zg ]hkm^Zjkl\Z aZ \u^Zxsb_ky aZkem]b Fhsv ± fh]ms_kl\h 


kbeZJZd_lZ± g_[hevrhckgZjy^khklhysbcba]bevaugZqbg_g guc ihjhohf dhlhjuc ihke_ \uklj_eZ k]hjZy yjdh k\_lblky ijb ihe_l_\ \ha^mo_ e_lZl_evgucZiiZjZlk j_Zdlb\guf^\b]Zl_e_f Khe^Zl± \h_gghkem`Zsbcg_bf_xsbcdhfZg^gh]hqbgZ\hbg kdh]h a\Zgby   \hh[s_ \h_gguc q_eh\_d i_j_g  Dbl_ev ± dmjldZ ki_pbZevghc nhjfu kh klhyqbf \hjhlgbdhf Ib^`Zd ± \_jogyy qZklv fm`kdh]h dhklxfZ \ \b^_ dmjldb k hleh`guf \hjhlgbdhf b aZkl_]b\ZxsbfbkyiheZfb Q_klgu_ q_klv  l_ieylky ,, kij  jZkk\_lu fh`_l_ qlh ^_ eZlv" ]hj^blvky\klZ_l \klZlv ijZa^gbdb  DZe_g^Zjgh]h ^j_\gb_ ihedh\h^pZ ^_yl_ey ijb dhlhjhf ijh\_^_gZ j_nhjfZ dZe_g^Zjy k_^vfhfm \hkvfhc bfi_jZlhjZ ij_^db\ nhjf_

   \_l_jZg   \_glbeylhj   Zd\Zjbmf Zd\Zlhjby Zd\ZgZ\l  nhglZg < Zd\Zjbmf_ `b\ml ]miib b f_q_ghkpu < Zd\Zlhjbx aZoh^beb km^Z:d\ZgZ\lkh\_jrbe]em[hdh\h^gh_ih]jm`_gb_ _

 Keh\h [mfZ]Z aZbfkl\h\Zgh \ q_lujgZ^pZlhf \_d_ ba blZevygkdh]h yaudZ I_j\hgZqZevgh gZ Jmkb wlh keh\h h[hagZ _ qZeh gZa\Zgb_ ldZgb dhlhjmx ^_eZeb ba oehidh\h]h \hehdgZ Iha`_ keh\h [mfZ]Z klZeh h[hagZqZlv b ibkqmx [mfZ]m Hgh ijbgZ^e_`bld hq_gvqZklhlgufkeh\Zf\jhkeh\ gZrmj_qvgZ klhevdh qlh bghyauqgh_ ijhbkoh`^_gb_ kh\_jr_ggh g_ qm\kl \m_lky

 Ij_a_glZpby ± ij_^klZ\e_gb_ rhm ± aj_ebs_ dhgk_gkmk ± kh]eZr_gb_ dhffmgbdZ[_evguc ±h[sbl_evguc ihablb\guc ± ih eh`bl_evguc f_glZebl_l ± h[uqZb ijb\uqdb bgl_]jbjh\Zlv ± h[t_^bgylvbfb^`±h[ebdkZgdpby±jZaj_r_gb_mdZaZgb_ GZ ij_a_glZpbb Zev[hfZ dhffmgbdZ[_evguc q_eh\_d yjdh_ rhm

 AZ^\mfyaZcpZfbih]hgbrvky±gbh^gh]hg_ihcfZ_rvLml lZdhcaZiZoqlhfg_dmkhd\ ]hjehg_b^_l  >_\hqdZ ihgyeZ keh\Z fZl_jb \ ijyfhf Z g_ \ i_j_ghkghf kfuke_ 


Ijh^Z`ZehrZ^b kde \ ihe_ kde \ iZfylvg_b^_l ,LZgxr_Âąkms<j_aZeZkv\ iZfylv dhfm" LZgxr_ ,,LZgxrZkh[kl\h^mr`j_ kde_^q>i ,,,<j_aZeZkv\ iZfylv dhfm" LZgxr_

 K_klv\ dZehrm\klZ\eylviZedb\ dhe_kZ\h^blvaZghk Hl\_qZym ^hkdbFbrZk_e\ dZehrmŠLuihklhygghfg_\klZ\ ey_rv iZedb \ dhe_kZDZ`^uc jZadh]^Z y aZ^mfu\Zxkv gZ^ aZ^Z q_cluf_gyhl\e_dZ_rvª¹\hafmsZeZkvk_kljZIZiZg_iha\hebe \h^blv_]haZghkb jZah[eZqbeh[fZg  Af_c =hjuguq mg_k pZj_\gm aZ ljb^_\ylv a_f_ev  Hey ihdjZkg_eZ ^h dhjg_c \hehk  LZgy qm\kl\m_l k_[y gZ dZld_ dZd ju[Z\ \h^_Mq_gbdijhqblZedgb]mhldhjdb^hdhjdb  Dh]^Zlhh \_kg_a\_jyfb < gZ^kfhljsbdbF_^\_^v[ue\u[jZggZ^mevyfb Ohlvfh`gh[ \u[jZlvlml^jm]h]hih\_jg_c¹ :g\ur_e]j_o FhcFbrdZihlZkdZe\_kvf_^\ k\hx[_jeh]m MagZebih^gyeblj_\h]m Ihnhjf_gZjy^bebkm^ HlklZ\dm Fbrd_^Zeb B ijbdZaZeb Qlh[abfmijhe_`Ze\ [_jeh]_klZjucieml : Fbr_gvdZb mohfg_\_^_l BDjueh\

 DjZkgZykljhdZ Ibkvf_gghklv\ dgb]_g_ hl^_eyebkvhl^_eblvl_dklZ hlklmi kljZgbpugZf_kl_djZkghci_j\mxjbkh\Ze\ r_klgZ^pZlhf\_d_ ijh^he`Zeb\u^_e_gbyfukebkljhdm

 Hl ]hjrdZ ^\Z \_jrdZ Z iulZ_lky f_gy mfmjZamfm mqblv Wlhg_aZy\e_gb_Z dZdZylhnbevdbgZ]jZfhlZ< dhgp_ghy[jyih e_l_eb[_eu_fmob  Ijhdjmklh\h eh`_ ¹ ba ^j_\g_]j_q_kdhc fbnheh]bb Ijh djmkl mdeZ^u\Ze dZ`^h]h gZ k\h_ eh`_ b Š\ujZ\gb\Zeª m l_o dlh hdZau\Zeky\ur_IjhdjmklZhljm[Zegh]b 


FZggZg_[_kgZyÂąba[b[e_ckdhcfbnheh]bb<h\j_fykdblZgby ih imklug_ bm^_b iblZebkv iZ^Z\r_c k g_[Z djmihc Âą fZgghc g_ [_kghc Ljbrdbg dZnlZg Âą ba [Zkgb B : Djueh\Z LjbrdZ dh]^Z _]h dZnlZg ijh^ujy\eb\Zeky ^_eZe aZieZldb hlj_aZy ldZgv hl jmdZ\h\ bebk ^jm]h]hf_klZlh]h`_dZnlZgZ

 ŠHl^hkdb^h^hkdbª KlZju_jmdhibkgu_ dgb]bp_gbebkv gZ\_kahehlZ Ih\_kl\g_ \hkdeijhklh_jZkijhklj Qlh[uhgbemqr_khojZgyebkvb qlh[u bfbm^h[g__[uehihevah\Zlvkyi_j_ie_lu^_eZebkvba^_j_\ygguo ^hs_q_d Bo h[ly]b\Zeb lhgdhc dh`_c beb ^hjh]hc fZl_jb_c Kh ojZgbehkv\ujZ`_gb_Šhl^hkdb^h^hkdbªHghgZihfbgZ_lh[wlbo ^hs_qdZob h[hagZqZ_lŠijhqblZlvdgb]mhlgZqZeZ^hdhgpZª >_j_\ygguo  >bdlZgl

 Wdhghfbq_kdh]hÂąaZbfkl\h\Zggh_keh\h H Kfhe_gkd_ \ e_lhibkb hlghkblky dhgljhebjh\Z\rbc \_j oh\vyoh [hevrhf b fgh]hex^ghf ]hjh^_lhj]h\u_g_ fh]eb fb gh\Zlv a^_kv kljhbl_evgufb i_kdhf jZkp\_lZ \ha\h^blv dZf_g gu_kha^Z\ZebkvdbjibqZgb\ q_fg_mklmiZeb  >bdlZgl

 IjbagZdb gZmqgh]h klbey lhqghklv ^hklh\_jghklv hlkml kl\b_ keh\ \ujZ`Zxsbo kbevgu_ wfhpbb l_jfbgu agZq_gb_ keh \Zbkdhgghjmkkdh_b li

 Hk_gvH[kuiZ_lky\_kvgZr[_^guckZ^ Ebklvyih`_el_eu_ih\_ljme_lyl Ebrv\^ZebdjZkmxlkylZfgZ^g_^hebg DbklbyjdhdjZkgu_\ygmsbojy[bg  :DLheklhc

Ebrv >e@Âąkh]ea\fy]d >b@Âą]eZkgm^ >r@Âąkh]e]emol\ [a\




 F_[_evf_[_evgucf_[_evsbd ih^f_lmf_klb

f_[_evf_[_eb f_klbf_l_l ihehl_jihehl_jhf iZjd_liZjd_lguc iZjd_lguciZjd_lgh]h rdZnrdZnqbd rdZnqbdrdZnqbdZ gZlbjZ_lgZlbjdZ gZlbjZ_lgZlbjZe  hdghih^hdhggbd hdghhdgZ m[hjdZm[bjZ_lm[hjsbpZ m[bjZ_lm[bjZeZ Ihehl_j gZlbjZ_l iZjd_ls_ldhcrebnm_l ]eZ^dmxih\_joghklv  Ihe ih^ihe iheh\bd ihehl_j

kl_deh kl_deurdh aZkl_deblv kl_dehlZjZ

kl_gZ kl_gghc gZkl_gguc

\h^Z aZ\h^v gZ\h^g_gb_ \h^hihc \h^hijh\h^

  djZkblvdjZkdZdjZr_gb_djZkbl_evmdjZkblv ghrZ ghkblvg_klbijbghkblv jZklb\ujZsb\ZlvjhkeucjZklbl_ev gucjZajZklZlvky djm]djm`blvaZdjm`blvky ]ehldZ]ehlZlv ih]ehsZlvijh]eZlu\Zlvijh]ehlblv a_fghca_feya_feygbdZ  ba[_]ZlvgZ[_`Zlvba[_`Zlv aZ[_j_l\u[bjZlv\u[jZlvijb [bjZlv h[oh^blvh[oh`^_gb_oh`^_gb_  <h^Z±\h^yghc\h^ygbklucih^\h^gbd ;_euc±[_ebagZih[_eblv[_eh\Zluc AbfZ±abfgbcabfmrdZi_j_abfh\Zlvabfh\sbd <h^blv±\h^bl_ev ;_edZ±[_ebqbc

 KimkdZlvky±kimkd±kimkdZebkv KlZeb qlh ^_eZlv"  kimkdZlvky hdZaZeky dZ`_lky  ijboh^b ehkv oh^bl g_ h[\Zeb\Zebkv ]eZ] 

 Fu e_l_eb gZ kZfhe_l_ GZr ihe_l ijh^he`Zeky ^\Z qZkZ GZdhg_pfuijbe_l_eb\ Djufb ijba_febebkv\ ZwjhihjlmKbfn_ jhihey 


M f_gykehfZeky[m^bevgbdb yk mljZhlg_k_]hqbgblvImgdl ihqbgdbqZkh\[uehldjul^h\_q_jZIhke_h[_^Zy aZ[jZek\hc[m ^bevgbddhlhjucm`_ihqbgbemf_eucfZkl_j   >jm`gZyk_fvy^jm`_kdZyijhkv[Z  H[b^gh_aZf_qZgb_h[b^gh_gZa\Zgb_h[b^qb\ucj_[_ghd  M^Zqeb\uchohlgbdm^Zqgucihoh^m^Zqgh_khqbg_gb_  Oehihleb\u_eZklhqdboehihleb\u_iq_euoehihlguc^_gv

 AZ[ulh_jh^kl\h We_f_glu gZmqgh]h klbey l_jfbgu kmnnbdk dhj_gv  keh\Z k kmnnbdkhf_gb mihlj_[e_gb_  Kh\_jr_ggh \_jo \gbfZl_evgh ijbkfhlj_lvky qlh k^_eZlv"  aZf_lblv hdZaZeky dZ`_lky  \ ^j_\ghklb  kde  h[hagZqZeh agZqblv  mihlj_[e_gby ihlj_[ghklv  ihjh^beh jh^  iq_eu h[ jZah\Zgukjhkebkv\hkijbgbfZxlkyjh^kl\_ggu_ jh^Z  ,Jh^kl\_ggu_±ijbeZ]Keh\Z dZdb_" jh^kl\_ggu_ ,,Jh^kl\_ggucfgqBi ,,,<hkijbgbfZxlkydZd dZdb_" jh^kl\_ggu_  Hjnh]jZffu]eZkgu_b kh ]eZkgu_[md\u\ ijbklZ\dZo gZ^_lv k^_eZlv jZa`_qv ih^lygmlvky ihiZklv gZ^j_a jZaf_klblv k[blv

hjnh]jZffu[md\u\ dhjg_ ]eZkgu_ kh]eZkgu_ jZklml ijhkv[Z ^Z\Zlv ljhklgbd keh`blv eh`dZ q_jguc ykguc [jhrxjZ gbadbc kl_eblv [ebadh \u[bjZlv ijZa^gbd e_klgbpZ ljm[dZ

@bebs_=_jZkbfZ  =_jZkbfmhl\_ebgZ^dmog_cdZfhjdmhgmkljhbe__ k_[_kZfih k\h_fm\dmkmkhhjm^be\ g_cdjh\Zlvba^m[h\uo^hkhdgZq_luj_o qmj[ZgZobklbggh[h]Zlujkdmxdjh\Zlvklhim^h\fh`gh[uehih eh`blv gZ g__ ± g_ ih]gmeZkv [u ih^ djh\Zlvx gZoh^beky ^x`bc 


kmg^md\ m]hedmklhyeklhebdlZdh]h`_dj_idh]hk\hckl\ZZ \hae_ klhebdZ Âą klme gZ lj_o gh`dZo ^Z lZdhc ijhqguc b ijba_fbkluc qlhkZf=_jZkbf[u\Zehih^gbf_l _]hmjhgbl bmofuevg_lky BLmj]_g_\

G_z¹g_z >g@¹kh]ea\fy]d >b@¹]eZkg[_am^ >c@¹kh]ea\fy]d >h@¹]eZkgm^ [a\ ,Mjhgbl¹]eZ]=_jZkbf qlhk^_eZ_l" mjhgbl ,,Mjhgblvkh\\,,kij\ [m^\j \ agZq_gbbijhr \ _^q \ f e ,,,=_jZkbf qlhk^_eZ_l" mjhgbl ;h]Zlujkdmxklhebd   Hk_gg__mljh We_f_glu hibkZgby dhfgZlu [j_\_gqZluc ihlhehd b dgb]b gZ klhe_hk\_s_ggu_jh\guf`_elufk\_lhf Hk\_sZe g_ih^\b`guck[jhkbe  K_jufmljhfjh\guf`_elufk\_lhfr_e[j_\_gqZlucihoh` kheg_qguc k\_lbeb k\_l  ebklvy ghqv e_`ZeZ e_qv  kbygb_ dZaZebkv dZ`_lky kljZgbpu  GZb[hevr___]h\gbfZgb_ijb\e_debdZjlbgdbk bah[jZ`_ gb_f[b[e_ckdhcbklhjbb[em^gh]hkugZ Š>Ze__ijhfhlZ\rbckyxghrZ\ jm[bs_ b lj_m]hevghcreyi_ iZk_l k\bg_cb jZa^_ey_l k gbfbljZi_amª :KImrdbg

 JZ^hklgucÂąjZ^hklvdjZkgh\ZlucÂądjZkgucij_hlebqguc Âą hlebqguc _evgbd Âą _ev Zlhfhoh^ Âą Zlhf oh^blv \hkoh^ Âą \hkoh^blvih^\h^gucÂą\h^guce_glhqdZÂąe_glZkdhjhkrb\Zl_ev Âąkdhjhkrb\Zlv[mehqgZy kms Âą[mehqgZy ijbe eZ\dZi_j_ju\ Âąij_ju\Zlv  ;_j_ah\uc [_j_agyd Âą [_j_aZ kfhjh^bgguc kfhjh^bgdZ Âą kfhjh^bgZ \_lj_guc \_l_jhd Âą \_l_j e_kgbd e_kghc Âą e_k em ]h\hcem`hdÂąem]ljZ\yghcljZ\bgdZÂąljZ\Z 


   jZkij_djZkguc jZa\_k_euc gZbemqrbc gZb\ukrbc gZbf_gvrbcij_^h[jucij_fbeucij_hlebqgucij_g_ijbylguc  keZ[h\Zluc]jm[h\Zluck_jh\Zlucojbieh\Zluc   HibedbgZdhg_qgbdme_lmqblvkyhr_cgbdh]jZgbqblv kyijhke_ablvky[_ajmdZ\dZ  \uoh^ [_kkmn \ujZklb]Zahijh\h^ijZq_qgZyahehlhcih ehkdZlv ljm`_gbd aZieu\ [_kkmn  ]\ha^bqguc kZfh\Zj dhg^b l_jkdbcieZsiZeZldZ\oh^ [_kkmn 

 EbklhiZ^±ebklvyiZ^Zlv keh`_gb_k kh_^]e iZjhoh^bd ± iZjhoh^ kmn  e_khkl_iv ± e_k b kl_iv keh`_gb_ k kh_^ ]e  ghkh]ehldZ±ghkb ]ehldZ keh`_gb_k kh_^]e \h^hijh\h^±\h^Z ijh\h^blv keh`_gb_ k kh_^ ]e  e_khiZjdh\uc ± e_kghc b iZjdh \uc keh`_gb_k kh_^]e `_e_ah[_lhg±`_e_ahb [_lhg keh`_gb_ k kh_^ ]e  jZd_lhghkbl_ev ± jZd_lZ ghkbl_ev keh`_gb_ k kh_^ ]e  kZfh\Zjguc ± kZfh\Zj kmn  l_ieh\haguc ± l_ieh\ha kmn  jZd_lZghkbl_ev keh`_gb_p_euokeh\ aZieu\ [_kkmn    jZkiheh`blv±iheh`blv\ul_j_lv±l_j_lv\ujZklblv± jZklblv  jhklhq_d±jhklhdj_aqbd±j_aZlvij_ih^Z\Zl_ev±ij_ih^Z\Zlv  gZ_a^gbd±_a^ZmaZdhgblv±aZdhgh`b\blv±`b\hc[_kqm\ kl\_gguc±qm\kl\h[_a\_lj_gguc±\_lj_guc  DjZc

Ebkl±

[mfZ]Z±

djZ_r_d djZcgbc±hdjZbgZ djZcgbc±djZcghklv ebklbd ebklhq_d ebklh\hc [_aebklguc ebklhiZ^ [mfZ`dZ [mfZ`hgdZ [mfZ`guc±[mfZ`gbd

  aZ\yau\Zlv^\hjgy`dZiZkughdgZklhevguchibedb^_ \ylgZ^pZlvih^[_j_ah\bd  dhevph]hjgbpZeh\blvdhjh\Z




 KfŠWlbfheh]bq_kdbckeh\Zjvª

 LZdb_ keh\Z \ wlhf klbohl\hj_gbb _klv gZijbf_j dheh dhevqbd h^gha\mqguc mlhfbl_evgh ]j_fbl keurblky jh^gh_ jZa]mev_k_j^_qgZy

L_fZŠFhyd\ZjlbjZª  Dhjb^hj]Zj^_jh[\ m]em[hevrh_a_jdZehpbgh\dZ\_rZedZ DhfgZlZgZl_jluc^h[e_kdZiZjd_lgucihepbn_j[eZlkl_g guoqZkh\j_agZyihehqdZ^eydgb]dZe_g^ZjvdZjlbgZ\ ahehq_ghc jZf_ ihehku kheg_qgh]h k\_lZ gZ ihlhed_ lj_okl\hjqZlh_ hdgh lxe_\u_aZgZ\_kdbgZf_lZeebq_kdhfdZjgba_jhklhqdbpbljmkh\uo \ ]hjrdZo gZ ih^hdhggbd_ `mjgZevguc klhebd gZ lj_o gh`dZo [hevrhch[_^_ggucklhedjZkb\u_fy]db_klmevy < klZjbgghck_\_jghcba[_  <ukhdh_ djuevph Ba de_gh\uo k_g_c q_j_a gbadmx ^\_jv fu \oh^b\ ijhklhjgmx]hjgbpm <^hevkl_g¹ebih\u_eZ\dblj_lvdhfgZluaZgbfZ_ldbjibq gZy i_qv Hdheh g__ \bkbl evgygh_ \urblh_ ihehl_gp_ <k_ \ ^hf_k^_eZebjmdbohaybgZb ohaycdbDZ`^mx\_svhgbmdjZkb eb yjdhc jhkibkvx \urb\dhc beb djm`_\hf j_av[u ih ^_j_\m GZ klhe_ klhbl j_agZy ^_j_\yggZy khehgdZmlhqdZ qm^_kgu_ dh\rbe_[_^b <iehlv ^h k_]h^gyrg_]h ^gy `b\_l ^j_\g__ bkdmkkl\h jmkkdh]h gZjh^Z  < dZ[bg_l_jmkkdh]hyaudZb ebl_jZlmju M \oh^Z\ dZ[bg_l>\_jv GZihjh]_dZ[bg_lZ Z e_\Zykl_gZ [ ijZ\Zykl_gZ \ hdgZgZijhlb\ ] iheb ihlhehd F_[_ev\ dZ[bg_l_ Z iZjlu [ mqbl_evkdbcklhe \ rdZnub lmf[u




AZq_fgm`ghwlhihf_s_gb_" G_rbjhdbc dhjb^hj fZeh k\_lZ ^_j_\yggZy ^\_jv k\_leh dhjbqg_\Zy ie_gdZ ieZklfZkkh\Zy lZ[ebqdZ k\_leh b ijhklhjgh l_fgha_e_gZy^hkdZkhkl\hjdZfblZ[ebpub ieZdZlukijZ\Zb ke_ \Z hl ^hkdb ihjlj_lu ibkZl_e_cdeZkkbdh\ pblZlu ba dgb] rbjh db_hdgZ^ebggu_`_elh\Zlu_rlhju\ukhdbc[_eucihlhehdeb ghe_mf \ `_elha_e_guo lhgZo m^h[gu_ k\_leu_ iZjlu klmevy dhjbqg_\uc klhe m hdgZ rdZnu m ijZ\hc kl_gu lmf[u \ m]eZo kljh]bcbgl_jv_j  Khqbg_gb_ kffZl_jbZeuij_^u^ms_]hmijZ`g_gby 

   Djxqhd dZkZ_lky ^gZ Hklhjh`gh ijbdZkZcl_kv d jZg_ Ijbqbgblv[hevdZkZgb_f   <_keh dhkgmehkv \h^u GZrb eh^db khijbdhkgmebkv <_ldZ ijbdhkgmeZkvd ebpm Eh^db±eh^db >e@±kh]ea\l\ >h@±]eZkgm^ >l@±kh]e]emol\ >d@±kh]e]emofy]d >b@±]eZkg[_am^ [a\

   ijyfh_agZq_gb_ DZkZxkvkl_gujmdhcDhkgbl_kviheZ iZevpZfbjmdDZkZgb_fyqZh k_ldmIjbdhkgh\_gb_yaudZd am[Zf   i_j_g  >bj_dlhj dhkgmeky \hijhkZ h ^bkpbiebg_ :\lhj [jh rxju dZkZ_lky l_fu h \hkiblZgbb kbeu \heb   i_j_g  Wlh l_[y g_dZkZ_lkyJ_r_gb_i_^kh\_lZdhkg_lky\k_omq_gbdh\]bfgZabb ,H \hkiblZgbb±kmsL_fu dZdhc" h \hkiblZgbb ,,<hkiblZgb_gZjbpg_h^mrkjjgZ±b_lhevdh_^qIi ,,,L_fu dZdhc" h \hkiblZgbb FyqZ±fyqZ >f@±kh]ea\fy]d >b@±]eZkg[_am^ >q@±kh]e]emofy]d >Z@±]eZkgm^ [a\ 


  DhkgmlvkyjZkl_gb_iheh`blvhljhkeb \hehku dZkZlvky   Dhkhc dhkh  hjhkblv jhku  eZa_cdZ eZa  jhkdhrguc jhkdhrv dhkblv dhkbl   K]hjZlv\u]hjZlv^h]hjZlvgZ]hjZlvaZ]hjZlvjZa]hjZlvky K]hjZlv^hleZaZ]hjZlvgZkhegp_jZa]hjZlvkygZ\_ljm  Ijh]hj_lvijb]hj_lvi_j_]hj_lvh[]hj_lvm]hj_lv M]hj_lvhl^ufZijb]hj_lvgZiebl_

  JZa]hj_ekydZkZ_lkyeh`blvky   Wlh dZkZ_lky ijbreZ d ih^jm]_ g_ ihgjZ\beZkv ih^jm]_ m l_e_\bahjZhl_pih^jm]bhklZlvky^hdhgpZj_rbeZeh`blvky    KeZ]Z_fh_ iheZ]Zlvky ij_^iheh`blv ij_^eZ]Zlv ijb eh`_gb_meh`blvijbeZ]Zl_evgh_ bkde   ih^jhkeb kjZklZlvky \hajZkl ijbjhkeb jhklhd jZklb \u jZs_gguc   kh[bjZgb_ k^bjZlv ih^ibjZlv kl_j_lv kh[_jm mfbjZlv aZ f_j_lvjZkklbeZlv  dhkgmlvkykhijbdZkZlvkyijbdhkgh\_gb_dZkZlvkydZkZgb_   ijh]hj_lv ^h]hjZ_l \u]hjZlv ijb]hjZlv i_j_]hj_lv aZ]Zj h[]hjZlv  M]hj_lv\u]hj_lvk]hj_lvh[]hj_lvkhijbdhkgh\_gb_\u jZklbkjhkebkvh[jZklb\ul_j_lvklbjdZh[l_j_lv ?keblumkljZb\Z_rv\ \ZgghcklbjdmgZ^hihlhf\ul_j_lvihe Y iha^ghaZf_lbeqlhdZjlhrdZk]hj_eZ

 Ih^eh`blvjZaeh`blvijbeZ]ZlvgZeZ]Zlvih^]hj_lvjZa ]hj_lvkyijb]hj_lvgZ]ZjijbdZkZlvkyih^ibjZlvjZkibjZlvijb i_jgZibjZlvih^jhkebjZajhkebkvijbjZklbgZjhkl JZaeh`blvihlZj_edZfgZeZ]ZlvrljZnijbdZkZlvkyd i_jbeZf gZjhklgZkl\he_  IjbjZklZlv aZjhkeb jhklhd bkde  hljZkev bkde  hl eh`blvijbeZ]Zl_evgh_aZeh`blvijbeh`_gb_]hj_lvi_j_]hj_lv aZ]Zjm]hj_euc\u^bjZlvaZfbjZlvihkl_eblvih^`b]Zlv  Hkgh\gZyfukev^Z`_\ kZfhffZe_gvdhfp\_ld_beb \ dZ i_evd_jhku\b^gZdjZkhlZ\k_cJhkkbb AZjgbpZ\ ahjyo 


 H ±: HlkmnnbdkZ: Hlkh]eZkghc dhjgy eZ]eh` jZkljZsjhk dhkdZk

Ij_^eZ]Zlv ijbeh`blv ijbdhkgmlvky dZkZlvky

? ±B Hlm^Zj_gby

HlkmnnbdkZ:

]hj]Zj ahjaZj

[_j[bj i_j ibj ^_j^bj l_j lbj f_jfbj kl_eklbe  `_]`b] [e_kl[ebkl JZkl_gb_ \u AZ]hj_lv aZ]Zj AZ[bjZlvm[_jm jZs_gguc hl ijb]hjZlvahjb jZkklbeZlv aZ jhkeb jhklhd ahjvdZ k aZj_x [e_kl_e hljZkev bkde ahjxrdZ

 kfmij 

AZf_qZl_evgZyb^_y  GbdblZ^he]hmqbekyju[Zqblvgh_fm\k_g_\_aehH^gZ`^u\ `Zjdbc ^_gv _fm meu[gmeZkv m^ZqZ GbdblZ ihcfZe k\hx i_j\mx ju[m Gbq_]h qlh hgZ [ueZ f_edhc aZlh jZ^hklv [hevrZy Gh dZd ihdZaZlvmeh\^jmavyfb jh^bl_eyf"Hgb^Ze_dh\ ]hjh^_Z hg_s_ f_kyp[m^_lhl^uoZlvm [Z[mrdb\ ^_j_\g_ Khegp_iZebeh\k_`Zjq_b Gbdblm\^jm]hk_gbeZb^_y: _keb iheh`blv ju[dm gZ ]jm^v b ihaZ]hjZlv g_fgh]h" Hl g__ gZ aZ]hj_ ehf l_e_ hklZg_lky hli_qZlhd AZ]Zj [m^_l ^_j`Zlvky ^h kZfhc ab fub GbdblZg_ij_f_gghiho\ZklZ_lkyi_j_^\k_fbdh]^Z\_jg_lky \ ]hjh^ GbdblZkbyehl m^h\hevkl\byIj_djZkgZyiZfylvh[ meh\_ <hl qlhagZqbl[ulv^h]Z^eb\ufq_eh\_dhf  Ih^ulh`blv blh]  k\_jobgl_j_kguc ihke_ k\_jo  [_au fygguc bfy jhaukd bkdZlv  Wlhlijh_a^[ue ihdZ ijh_dlbjm_fuf[_aufygguf b g_ba\_kl guf

 ;_augbpbZlb\guc k\_jobgbpbZlb\guc [_augl_j_kguc k\_jobgl_j_kguc[_aukdmkguc[_aua\_klguck\_joba\_klguc




 JZaukdb\Zlv ijbklkmn  [_au^_cguc ijbkl  ku]jZlv ijbkl  k\_jobgbpbZlb\guc ijbkl  [_aukoh^guc ijbklkmn  ij_^u^msbc ijbkl ih^ulh`blv ijbklkmn k\_jobgl_j_kguc ijbkl  g_[_augl_j_kguc ijbkl  [_aukdmkguc ijbkl  [_au kdmkkl\_gguc ijbkl  g_[_aua\_klguc ijbkl  ih^u]jZlv ijbkl 

   Ijb_oZlv ijbe_l_lv ijbkdZdZlv ijbieulv ijbdZlblv ijbfqZlvky ijb[ulv ijb[ebablvky ijb[eb`_gb_    ijb[blv ijb\yaZlv ijb\bglblv ijb^_eZlv ijb[Z\blv ijbgylv ijbkh_^b gblv ijbkh_^bg_gb_    ijb\hdaZevgZy ijbklZgpbhgguc ijbmkZ ^_[guc [ebahklv    ijbhldjulv ijbe_qv g_ihegh_ ^_ckl\b_   ij_kdmqguc ij_g_ijbylgh_ ij_mf_gvrblv ij_\haghkblv hq_gv  ij_]jZ^Zij_klmigbd i_j_     Ijbp_iblv ijb[_]Zlv ijbk_^Zlv ijbdhehlv ijbclb ijb[j_`guc ijb[_`Zlv ijbihealb ijbdZkZlvky ijbde_blv ijb ]hj_lv ijb^hjh`guc ijbkl  ijbfhjkdbc ijbklkmn  ijbh[j_ klb ijb_oZlv ijbdh\ueylv ijbeZ]Zlv ijblZsblvky ijbkl  ijb [bjZlvijbjZklZlvijbkdZdZlv   ij_bgl_j_kguc ij_ehfblv ij_m\_ebqblv ij_g_ijbylguc ij_l_ji_\Zlv   Gh` aZlmibeky ijblmibeky   <_ldm kh]gmeb ijb]gm eb   Hldjhcl_ ijbhldjhcl_  ^\_jv  Rhn_j aZlhjfhabe ijb lhjfhabe   Fhlhpbdebkl aZ]emrbe ijb]emrbe  fhlhj  <bly luaZl\hjbe ijbl\hjbe ^\_jv"FZeuraZlbo ijblbo  IeZqmsbc fZeur \kdhj_ aZlbo Hiulguc rhn_j [ukljh aZlhj fhabeGh`bag_j`Z\_xs_cklZebaZlmibekyg_kjZam ,AZ]emrbe±]eZ]Fhlhpbdebkl qlhk^_eZe" ijb]emrbe ,,AZ]emrblvkh\\,,kij\ ijhr\j\ fj\ _^q ,,,Fhlhpbdebkl qlhk^_eZe" aZ]emrbe    ijbe_qv   ijbk_klv   ijb\klZlv   ijbhklZgh\blvky  ijbmfhedgmlv ijbh[h^jblv ijbih^gylv ijb[he_lv ,E_qv±]eZ] Qlhk^_eZlv" e_qv ,,E_qvgnkh\\,kij ,,, Qlhk^_eZlv" e_qv 


 Ijb^\bgmlvky ijbfqZlvky ijb`Zlvky ijba_feblvky ijb [ebablvky ijbkh_^bgblvky  Ijbh[h^jblvky ijbhklZgh\blvky ijbih^gylvky Ijb^\bgmlv±hlh^\bgmlv Dhi_cdbg  :e_dk_cijbr_ebardheu Hgl_i_jvijb^mfZelZd ±?keb\umqm]eZ]heu KZfk_[_^ZxiylZd ?keb\umqmijbklZ\db Y ihlj_[mxijb[Z\db

:;Zjlh

 < i_j\hcdhehgd_ijbfqZlvky ijb[eb` ijbp_iblv ijb kh_^  ijb\e_qv ijbkh_^  ijb\he`kdbc [ebahklv  ij_h]jhfguc hq_gv  ijbljhgmlvky g_iheg  ijbeZ^blv ijbkh_^  ij_m\_eb qblv hq_gv  ijbk_^Zgb_ g_iheg  ijb\kdhqblv g_iheg  ijb Zfmjkdbc [ebahklv ij_bgl_j_kguc hq_gv  G_ykgh_ agZq_gb_ ijbh[j_e ijb]hlh\beb ij_\jZsZxlky ijb ]h^bebkv ij_djZlbeb ijbkfhljbfky ijb]eZrZx ijb\udZx ij_ h[jZah\Zeb Ijb\he`kdbc ± <he]Z ijbklkmn  ij_bgl_j_kguc ± bgl_j_k guc ijbkl   Ijb]ey^_lvky ijbkihkh[blv ijbkmlkl\h\Zlv ij_j_dZlvky ijbagZlv ijbmqblvky ij_g_[j_]Zlv ijbihfgblv ijbf_jylv ijb p_eblvkyijbfbjylv  G_ij_h^hebfh_ij_iylkl\b_ij_abjZlvij_^Zl_ey Ijb\_leb\uc ijbf_jguc ijbjh^guc ijbqbgguc ijbdexq_g q_kdbc

KZfh_\Z`gh_  Q_eh\_d g_ fh`_l \u[bjZlv k_[_ gZjm`ghklv gh aZlh hg bf__l \hafh`ghklv \u[jZlv [he__ \Z`gmx \_sv ± oZjZdl_j Fu fh`_f k^_eZlv k_[y lZdbfb dZdbfb gZf ohq_lky [ulv Hq_gv \Z`gh [ulv gZklhcqb\ufb mihjgufLZdbfex^yf\k_m^Z_lkyemqr_q_fkeZ [hoZjZdl_jguf 


K ^_lkl\ZijbmqZcl_k_[yg_hlklmiZlvi_j_^ljm^ghklyfb^h\h ^blv^_eh^hdhgpZwlh\hc^_l\ ijb\uqdmbdh]^Z\ujZkl_l_m \Zk [m^_l\_ebdhe_igh_dZq_kl\h±gZklhcqb\hklv K:EZ\hqdbg

,M^Z_lky±]eZ]he<k_ qlh^_eZ_l" m^Z_lky ,,M^Z\Zlvkyg_kh\\,kij\ gZkl\j\ f e_^q ,,,<k_ qlh^_eZ_l" m^Z_lky

 ±<ugZ\_jgh_ijyfhgZfZrbgd_ibr_l_[_aq_jgh\bdh\" ±kijhkbey mFboZbeZFboZceh\bqZIjbr\bgZ ±>Zg_llZdg_ihemqZ_lkyY ijh[h\Zeghg_\uoh^blIhq_fm lh g_ ijboh^yl kjZam gm`gu_ keh\Z ijboh^blky g_kdhevdh jZa bo i_j_ibku\Zlvij_`^_q_fgZc^_rvbo± hl\_lbeIjbr\bg IhNDZfZgbgm

Q_jgh\bdh\±q_jguc kmn

,Gm`gu_±ijbeZ]Keh\Z dZdb_" gm`gu_ ,,Gm`gucihegfgqBi ,,,Keh\Z dZdb_" gm`gu_

 Ijbkfhlj_lvky d jZ[hl_ ijb]hlh\blvky d lj_gbjh\d_ ijb ^mfZlv dhfie_dk mijZ`g_gbc ijbh[j_klb kihjlb\guc dhklxf ijbkmlkl\h\Zlv gZ khklyaZgbyo ij_h^he_lv ij_iylkl\b_ ijb\_lkl \h\Zlv ih[_^bl_ey ij_djZkguc ijbf_j ^ey ih^jZ`Zgby ij_abjZlv hiZkghklv ijb]eZkblv gZijbrdhevgucmqZklhdijbf_jgh_ih\_^_ gb_ ijbqbgZ ihjZ`_gby \_ebdhe_iguc nhlhZiiZjZl \iheg_ ijb ]h^guc  Baeh`_gb_

 <h^hiZ^ e_khjm[ dZr_\Zj ]Zahijh\h^ e_^hdhe h[s_ `blb_Zlhfhoh^[mj_ehfilbp_eh\emghoh^iml_r_kl\h\Zlv GZr_ iml_r_kl\b_ d \h^hiZ^m [ueh m\e_dZl_evguf ohlv fu b ijhfhdeb KlZjuc e_^hdhe hlkem`be k\h_ b _]h aZf_gbeb k\_jokh\j_f_g gufZlhfhoh^hf    >h`^_f_j iq_eh\h^ iZjhoh^ yaudh\_^ ]eZahf_j e_l qbdbkiulZl_ev  bkke_^h\Zl_evaZdj_ibl_ev\udexqZl_evh[haj_\Zl_evmq_l qbdkq_lqbd 


 KZfh\ZjdZr_\Zjyaudh\_^dbgh\_^\h^h\haiZjh\hakh [Zdh\h^ ljm[hijh\h^ e_^hdhe ^ujhdhe a_fe_dhi jm^hdhi ijb p_eh\ af__eh\ a_fe_f_j \h^hf_jdZ ime_f_l fbghf_l iZjhoh^ emghoh^ Emghoh^±fZrbgZ^eybamq_gbyEmgu Jm^hdhi±lhldlh^h[u\Z_ljm^m  Xgdhjki_pdhjkh[dhjk_evdhj XgdhjuibrmlklZlvb^ey`mjgZeh\©FmjabedZªb ©Dhkl_jª  Mgb\_jkZevgucfZ]Zabg±mgb\_jfZ] mgb\_jkZevgucfZ]ZabgkZfhh[kem`b\Zgby±mgb\_jkZf

 HHG keh`_gb_ gZqZevguo a\mdh\  =:;L keh`_gb_ gZ qZevguo a\mdh\  :WK keh`_gb_ gZqZevguo a\mdh\  <<K keh`_ gb_gZqZevguo[md\ KFB keh`_gb_gZqZevguoa\mdh\ 

  Keh`_gb_gZqZevguoa\mdh\FO:LLXA=WK\ma  Keh`_gb_gZqZevguo[md\=B;>>  Keh`_gb_qZkl_chkgh\bag_kdhevdboa\mdh\aZ\ohaki_pdhj mgb\_jfZ]]Zaijhf\lhjp\_lf_l =B;>>qZklhhklZgZ\eb\Z_lfZrbgugZwlhfih\hjhl_FuqZk lhihk_sZ_fFO:LK_kljZihklmibeZ\ l_ogbq_kdbc\ma  =:;L fj \u_oZegZ]ZkljhebaZjm[_`LXA fj ihdZ aZe gh\uc ki_dlZdev =WK ` j  gZqZeZ \ujZ[Zlu\Zlv we_dljbq_ kdmxwg_j]bx

  DhfZg^bj ^b\babb kjZam ihke_ jZg_gby dZl_]hjbq_kdb ijbdZaZeg_klbk_[yg_gZf_^imgdlZ kx^ZgZDIGZh]b[Z\r_c jZa\Zebgu ljhid_ ihy\bekyZ^txlZgl ]_g_jZeZHg r_e hl fbghf_l qbdh\ ©: ]^_ dhf^b\" M_oZe"ª ± kijhkbe hg gZ oh^m  >\_jv jZk iZogmeZkvb \ih^\Ze\\Zebekydhf[ZlklZjrbce_cl_gZglJy[q_gdh DKbfhgh\

Fbghf_lqbdÂąfbghf_l > @b > @  WklZfi gZ kl_g_ \ dZrih p\_lu j_a_^u hlju\ghc dZe_g ^Zjv evgyghc kdZl_jlvx ^ebgghc [Zojhfhc \ ]ebgyghf ]jZnbg_ ijbdjulv kZen_ldhc dZjgba gZ^ hdghf [ZlZj_y p_gljZevgh]h hlh ie_gby iZjd_lguc ihe ^_j_\yggmx djh\Zlv \uoh^ gZ [Zedhg h] jZ^bl_evgZyj_r_ldZij_djZkgmxd\ZjlbjmZ[Z`mjih^ihlhedhf 


 Khqbg_gb_ihdZjlbg_LGY[ehgkdhc©Mljhª JZgg__ mljh <k_ aZeblh k\_lhf Kheg_qgu_ emqb b mlj_ggyy k\_`_klv evxlky ba rbjhdh jZkdjuluo ^\_j_c dhlhju_ m\blu iexshf L_ieu_ `_elu_ b g_`ghjhah\u_ lhgZ dZjlbgu i_j_^Zxl gZfjZ^hklgh_ijbih^gylh_\_k_gg__gZkljh_gb_LZdh_l_ieh_ml jh fh`_l[ulvb e_lhfb jZgg_chk_gvxghfg_ihq_fmlhdZ`_lky qlh wlh \_kgZ Fh`_l h \_kg_ aZklZ\eyxl ^mfZlv g_`gha_e_gu_ ebklbdb KljhcgZy^_\hqdZ^_eZ_laZjy^dmHgZm`_ijh[m^beZkvhlhkgZ ihly]b\Z_lky b jZ^m_lky khegurdm < dhfgZl_ ijhklhjgh fgh]h \ha^moZ ihlhfm qlh \ukhdb_ ihlhedb b g_l ebrg_c f_[_eb <_sb ^_\hqdbZddmjZlghkeh`_gugZklme_\ dhfgZl_qbklhb mxlgh IjhklhjuaZhdghffZgyl^_\hqdmgZmebpmK_cqZkhgZh^_g_lky b ih[_`blgZ\klj_qmgh\hfm^gx   K\_`_klv \_klgbd e_kgbd iehlgbd dZjlhn_ebgZ  ^h[e_klv bklbgZfZebgZ

 IjZijZ^_^mrdZÂąijZ^_^mrdZÂą^_^mrdZjZkdjZkZ\_pÂądjZ kZ\_p Âą djZkZ k\_jo]hlh\ghklv Âą ]hlh\ghklv Âą ]hlh\uc [_kq_eh\_q gucÂąq_eh\_qgucÂąq_eh\_dg_gZmqgucÂągZmqgucÂągZmdZij_kdmq gucÂąkdmqgucÂąkdmdZ^he_^gbdh\ucÂąe_^gbdh\ucÂąe_^gbdÂąe_^



 Fhjn_fguc jZa[hj h[eZqghklv \g_rlZlguc ih^]jmiiZ \he`Zgbg kZgqZklv g_mjh`Zc gZmrgbd ijZ\^b\uc aZf_lguc ki_pdhj ij_^]jhah\hc iZjh\ha g_nl_gZeb\ghc

Keh\hh[jZah\Zl_evgucjZa[hjkeh\Z h[eZqghklvÂąh[eZqguc \g_rlZlgucÂąrlZlguc ih^]jmiiZÂą]jmiiZ \he`ZgbgÂą<he]Z kZgqZklvÂąkZgblZjgZyqZklv g_mjh`ZcÂąmjh`Zc gZmrgbdÂąmoh ijZ\^b\ucÂąijZ\^Z aZf_lgucÂąaZf_lblv ki_pdhjÂąki_pbZevgucdhjj_kihg^_gl ij_^]jhah\hcÂą]jhah\hc iZjh\haÂąiZj\hablv g_nl_gZeb\ghcÂąg_nlvgZeb\Zlv


iZjhoh^guc k[_j[Zgd

iZjhoh^guc±iZjhoh^ k[_j[Zgd±k[_j_]Zl_evguc[Zgd

 Ijbylguc ± g_ijbylguc ± ij_g_ijbylguc jZa]h\hj ± jZa ]h\hjqb\uc ± jZa]h\hjqb\hklv djZkblv ± mdjZkblv ± ijbmdjZkblv [hev±[he_agv±[he_ag_gguc±[he_ag_gghklv  GZ[bjZlv kdhjhklv < i  jZa]hjZ_lky gZ \hklhd_ I i  ijba_fey_lky k iZjZrxlhf Li  jZkl_l k ijb[eb`_gb_f Li  d A_fe_ >i  dhkgmlvky A_feb Ji  ij_h^he_lv [hevrh_ jZkklhy gb_ <i  l_fi_jZlmjZ aZ [hjlhf Li  kZfhe_lZ Ji  ijbh[h^ jblv lh\ZjbsZ <i  \_ebdhe_igh ihkZ^blv \ukdhqblv ba dZ[bgu Ji  ij_\ahclb fbjh\hc j_dhj^ <i  ijb\_lkl\h\Zlv wdbiZ` <i jZkkdZae_lqbdZbkiulZl_ey Ji   >bdlZgl

 IeZg AgZqbfu_qZklbkeh\Z fhjn_fu  Kihkh[uh[jZah\Zgbykeh\ djhf_keh`_gby  Z ijbklZ\hqguc [ kmnnbdkZevguc \ ijbklZ\hqghkmnnbdkZevguc ] [_kkmnnbdkguc Keh`_gb_dZdkihkh[h[jZah\Zgbykeh\ Z keh`_gb_hkgh\k kh_^]eZkghc [ keh`_gb_khdjZs_gguohkgh\ \ keh`_gb_p_euokeh\ I_j_oh^bah^ghcqZklbj_qb\ ^jm]mx

 IjbklZ\hqguc ihjh^Z [_kihe_aguc g_ijbylguc ijb_ oZlvih^oh^blvij_kljZggucij_ih^g_klbijb\klZlv KmnnbdkZevguce_kgbd\udexqZl_evfhkdh\kdbcijbf_jguc ZknZevlbjh\Zlv\hkiblu\Zlve_lqbdiZjZrxlbkldZ IjbklZ\hqghkmnnbdkZevguc ih^[hjh^hd gZ_a^gbd [_kkh\_kl guc[_aebklguch`b\blvmaZdhgblvkhljm^gbd Keh`_gb_ ieZsiZeZldZ e_^hoh^ g_nl_gZeb\ghc \_qgha_e_ guc fZeh^hklmiguc P; lmjihoh^ ilbp_nZ[jbdZ F=M dj_keh djh\Zlvk[_j[Zgd




Keh`_gb_khdjZs_gguohkgh\aZ\mqdhf[Zl I_j_oh^bah^ghcqZklbj_qb \ ^jm]mx[mehqgZyklheh\Zyfh jh`_gh_mqbl_evkdZy

  Keh`_gb_ p_euo keh\ jZd_lZghkbl_ev e_lqbd dhkfhgZ\l^b\Zgdjh\Zlvkmiixj_l_e_nhgZ\lhfZl  Keh`_gb_ qZklb keh\Z k p_euf keh\hf nbadmevlmjZ ^jZf djm`hdlmjke_lgZqrlZ[ZfZlqZklv Keh`_gb_iheguohkgh\ijbihfhsbkh_^]eZkguoH?\_j oheZa ihe_\h^ q_jgh]eZauc jZd_lhghkbl_ev dbkehjh^ oe_[hjh[ \h^hiZ^  Keh`_gb_ khdjZs_gguo hkgh\ ijhndhf LXA \ma =:;L mgb\_jkZfaZ\mq  Hjnh]jZffu]eZkgu_[md\u\ dhjg_keh\Z

Ijh\_jy_fu_ m^Zj_ Q_j_^mxsb_ky G_ijh\_jy_fu_ gb_f JZa^Z\Zlv ^Zlv  i_ Ijbdhkgh\_gb_ k]h DZjlhn_ev fhjdh\v j_eb\Zlvky eblv  j_lv dZkZxkv \ha ]hkm^Zjkl\h ijh a_fe_ljyk_gb_ ih^ jZkl \u[bjZ_f kh ]jZffZ a_fgucljykdZ

[_j_l ij_^eZ]Zx baeh`_gb_jZklbjZlv  Hjnh]jZffukh]eZkgu_[md\u\ dhjg_keh\Z

IZjgu_ a\hgdb_ b G_ijhbaghkbfu_ G_ijh\_jy_fu_ ]emob_ Fhjhaihdjh\ F_klguc \_klgbd <hdaZe jxdaZd ^_ eh^dZ \Zj_`dZ dhkv hdj_klghklv klgbpZijZa^gbd [Z hiZkgucij_djZkguc   gZibkZlvaZ^mfZlvkyijhqblZlvk[blv  jZkkl_eblvjZaf_lZlv[_kdhg_qgucjZkkdZaZlvjZaebqZlv  ijbkdZdZlvijbde_blvijb^hjh`gucijbhldjulvij_]jZ^Z

 DjZkb\ZdjZkhl_ ij_djZkguc aZf_qZlv aZf_lblv ihe]h _ ^Z g_^_ex \ujZklZlv \ iZfylb jhah\Zlhoheh^guc jhaZ oheh^

hk_ggbc jZkk\_l ihaZ^b am[pZfb am[u  [_krmfgh ly`zeufb ly`_klv  ijhe_lZfb gZ[_j_`gu_ [_j_]  ih\hjhlhf \ha^mrgu_ \ha^mo  k_j_[jygu_ p_ib j_dhc j_db  ijhe_lZxl ihezl  \Z]hg 


qbdb madbfb mahd  ijhn_kkbyo jmkkdbo fZkl_jh\ aZk_ey\rbo kzeZ ahehlufb ahehlh \_kzehc \_k_eh 

  Hljy^ lmjbklh\ r_e ih Zee__ dhlhjZy \_eZ d j_d_ J_[ylZhklZgh\bebkvm h[ju\bklh]h[_j_]Ziheh`bebk\hbjxdaZdbgZ [jZeb kmobo\_lhdb jZah`]ebdhkl_j<_k_ehaZlj_sZebkmqvyaZ dbi_eZ \h^Z \ dhl_ed_ b qZc \kdhj_ [ue ]hlh\  Dhle_lu b qZc k ibjh]Zfb gZ k\_`_f \ha^mo_ ihdZaZebkv kZfhc \dmkghc ibs_c  <k_ih[eZ]h^Zjbeb^_\hq_ddhlhju_ijb]hlh\bebm`bg   Mq_gbd:ggZ<Zkbev_\gZ^_lbj_[ylZ   Kms_kl\bl_evgh_ qZklv j_qv ij_^f_l ]jZffZlbdZ dgb]Z deZkkijbf_juhdghklhe^hf^hjh]ZjZ^hklvagZqbl_evghklv  ;me^__\ Dh[uedbg Ijbkly`dbg EhrZ^_\bq @_j_[bg kdbc@_j_[__\

 ,Bf_gZ±kmsFh]mlij_\jZsZlvky qlh" bf_gZ ,,BfygZjbpg_h^mrkjjgZ±fy\ Bifgq ,,,Fh]mlij_\jZsZlvky qlh" bf_gZ ,Emqb±kmsHldju\r_]h qlh" emqb ,,EmqgZjbpg_h^mrfj_ kde\ <ifgq ,,,Hldju\r_]h qlh" emqb ,RZev±kms Qlh" rZev ,,RZevgZjbpg_h^mr`j_ kde\ Bi_^q ,,, Qlh" rZev Ij_\jZsZlvkygZihegyykv iheguc gh\uf dZdbf" agZq_gb_f klZgh\blky ,,kij \ imgdl_ _ kdeIi 

 A^jZ\kl\mcDhey ;hevrh_ kiZkb[h l_[_ aZ lh qlh lu ihfh] fg_ ih^]hlh\blvky d ^hdeZ^mWgpbdehi_^by©QlhlZdh_"DlhlZdhc"ªdhlhjmxluihj_ dhf_g^h\Ze fg_ hdZaZeZkv hq_gv ihe_aghc Y gZr_e lZf fgh]h gm`ghc fg_ bgnhjfZpbb d ^hdeZ^m : ihlhf ihke_ ^hdeZ^Z y j_ rbeihqblZlv__ ijhklhlZd^eym^h\hevkl\byb gZr_elZfg_fZeh jZaguobgl_j_kguo\_s_cL_i_jvy qZklhihevamxkvwlhcwgpbdeh i_^b_c ?s_jZakiZkb[h l\hc^jm]FbrZ 


 Kms_kl\bl_evgu_ ]h kdehg_gby \ jh^bl_evghf iZ^_`_ bf_xlhdhgqZgb_ BZ \ ^Zl_evghf b ij_^eh`ghf Âą ? g_l a_feb^hjh]b d a_fe_ ^hjh]_h a_fe_^hjh]_ Kms_kl\bl_evgu_]hkdehg_gby\ ij_^eh` ghfiZ^_`_bf_xlhdhgqZgb_Âą? gZkehg_gZihe_ Kms_kl\bl_evgu_ ]hkdehg_gbyb kms_kl\bl_evgu_gZÂąBY\ jh^bl_evghf^Zl_evghfb ij_^eh`ghfiZ^_`Zobf_xlhdhgqZgb_ÂąB d ghqbh furbd ^_e_]Z pbbhlj_\hexpbb Kms_kl\bl_evgu_gZÂąB?b gZÂąBC\ ij_^eh`ghf iZ^_`_bf_xlhdhgqZgb_ÂąB \ kZgZlhjbbh jZa\blbb  Wlh\ukdZau\Zgb_gZmqgh]hklbey\ g_fijbkmlkl\mxll_jfbgu kdehg_gb_iZ^_` _]haZ^ZqZÂąlhqgZyi_j_^ZqZgZmqghcbgnhjfZ pbb[_a\ujZ`_gbydZdboeb[hwfhpbc  H[ZiiZjZl_ _ kde g_lijh]jZffud ijh]jZff_h ijh ]jZff_ _ kde  h i_q_gv_ _ kde  g_l klZgpbb d klZgpbb h klZgpbb gZ ÂąBY  \ j_ck_ _ kde  gZ gZijZ\e_gbb gZ ÂąB?  g_l j_cdb d j_cd_h j_cd_ _ kde g_l [ZlZj_bd [ZlZj__h [ZlZj__ _ kde g_lh[eZklbihh[eZklb\ h[eZklb _ kde h j_evk_ _ kde h[ms_ev_ _ kde h ijba_fe_gbb gZ ÂąB? g_lij_]jZ^ud ij_]jZ^_h ij_]jZ^_ _ kde g_lijb\uqdbd ijb\uqd_h ijb\uqd_ _ kde h ij_ih^Z\Zl_e_ _ kde h[Zexfb gbb gZÂąBC h ieZlv_ _ kde h j_a_j\_ _ kde gZj_c^_ _ kde  h kihjlkf_g_ _ kde [_a^_lZebd ^_lZebh ^_lZeb _ kde 

 E_`bl gZq_f" gZljhibgd_ _Ii gZZee__ _Ii  ihdjueZkv gZ q_f"  gZ _ed_ _ I i  gZ ibol_ _ I i  kibl ]^_" \ [_jeh]_ _Ii \ ihkl_eb _Ii kdZq_l hldm^Z" k \_ldb _ J i  ihiju]b\Z_l ]^_"  m [_j_adb _ J i  [jh^bl ]^_" ih^hjh]_ _>i  \hae_q_]h" \hae_^_j_\gb _Ji  DhkheZiuc[_ehkl\hevghc F_^\_^vÂąf_^\_^v >fÂś@Âąkh]ea\fy]d >b@Âą]eZkg[_am^ >^@Âąkh]ea\l\ >\@Âąkh]ea\fy]d >w@Âą]eZkgm^ >lÂś@Âąkh]e]emofy]d [a\ 


 H GZlZebb gZ ±BY  h GZlZev_ _ kde  h GZlZr_ _ kde \ ]_j[Zjbb gZ±BC \ bg__ _ kde h ij_^iheh`_gbb gZ ±B? gZl_jjblhjbb gZ±BY \ ZdZ^_fbb gZ±BY h nZfbebb gZ ±BY  gZ Zee__ _ kde  h ijbdhkgh\_gbb gZ ±B?  \ jZkl_gbb gZ±B? \ ij_\jZs_gbb gZ±B? \ Z]j_kkbb gZ±BY h ijb]eZ r_gbb gZ±B? h ]hj_gbb gZ±B? \ k_kkbb gZ±BY h[hiZkgh klb _ kde \ kjZ`_gbb gZ±B? h kqZklv_ _ kde gZieZlv_ _ kde h >Zjv_ Bevbgbqg_ _ kde h FZjbb gZ ±BY  Emdb gbqg_ _ kde  ijb ^h]h\hj_gghklb _ kde  h gZf_j_gbb gZ ±B? 

 B^lb q_j_a jh`v _ kde  ieZq _ kde  j_[_gdZ kmohc dZfur _ kde  jh\gh \ iheghqv _ kde  klhjh` _ kde  m \hjhl ihfhsv _ kde  \jZqZ ihe_\Zy furv _ kde  ihegZy lbrv _ kde  h[beb_ jhs _ kde  ]jhfZ^Z lmq _ kde  ih kljhcdZ `bebs _ kde  \u^_edZ dh` _ kde  j_fhgl djur _ kde  Kljhbl_evgZy nbjfZ ijhba\h^bl ihkljhcdm `bebs b j_fhgl djur Ih\_kl\ g_\hkde ijhklh_ jZkijhklj hkeh`g h^ghjh^g ^hiheg

Dj_klvygbgr_eq_j_ajh`vb mkeurZeieZqj_[_gdZ Ih\_kl\g_\hkdeijhklh_jZkijhkljhkeh`gh^ghjkdZa

  KZjZgqhc\jZqhfemqhfwlZ`hfdZjZg^Zrhf^\hjphf dexqhfjm[_`hfdjuevphfdbjibqhfkmj]mqhfk\_qhc   I_j_^Zq_c xghr_c kf_jq_f mqbebs_f ]hklbgbp_c i_caZ `_fjhs_cij_^klZ\bl_evgbp_cijb[_`bs_f^h[uq_c ;u\ZlvaZjm[_`hfgZjm[_`_\_dh\

 <ma ± \ukr__ mq_[gh_ aZ\_^_gb_ keh`_gb_ i_j\uo a\m dh\  ^_\ylbe_ldZ ± ^_\ylv e_l keh`_gb_ hkgh\ k ijb[Z\e_gb_f kmnnbdkZ e_^hdhe±e_^dhehlv keh`_gb_hkgh\k ijb[Z\e_gb _f kh_^bgbl ]e  aZieu\ ± aZieu\Zlv [_kkmn  k_\_jhaZiZ^ ± k_\_j aZiZ^ keh`_gb_ keh\  [_ah[eZqghklv ± h[eZqghklv ijbkl ih^\h^gbd±\h^Z ijbklkmn \uoh^±\uoh^blv [_k kmn [mehqgZy±[mehqgZyeZ\dZ i_j_oh^bah^ghcqZklbj_qb\ ^jm]mx  


 O\hkl±o\hklbs_[ud±[uqbs_]hehk±]hehkbs_kZih]± kZih`bs_ fj

@ZjZ ± `ZjbsZ ]jyav ± ]jyabsZ jmdZ ± jmqbsZ kdmdZ ± kdm qbsZ `j

 B^_fihmebp_ _I ijb[eb`Z_fkyd klZgpbb gZ±BY  ijb_^_f ijb[eb`  gZ ljZf\Z_ _ I  \klj_lbfky gZ hklZgh\d_ _I gZi_j_dj_kld_ _I  Rijbphf klm`_c emqhf ^Zq_c q_jl_`hf dZr_c ieZshf kf_jq_f f_`hc ]jmr_c fhglZ`hf ihehl_gp_f ie_qhf dexqhf iexshf fhj`hf  Kdehg_gb_bf_gkms_kl\bl_evguo Jdhgy furb >dhgx d furb Ldhg_f furvx Ih dhg_ h furb

g_l\j_f_gb d \j_f_gb \j_f_g_f h \j_f_gb

 ;_a\j_f_gb JgZ±fy h \j_f_gb IgZ±fy g_lklj_f_ gb JgZ±fy gZklj_f_gb IgZ±fy   Imlv±fj G_limlb J_^q \_^mlimlb Bfgq 

 @_e_agh^hjh`gh]h imlb J i  ih ijZ\bevghfm imlb > i g_ijh_a`bfiml_f Li dhjhldb_imlb Bifgq ^ebggu_ imlb Bifgq   JZkiheh`blvky\ ^hebg_ _I klhylvm agZf_gb gZ±fy  gZoh^blvky\ \_klb[xe_ _I jZklb gZ k\h[h^_ _I gh]Z \ klj_f_gb gZ ±fy hl\_qZlv ih bklhjbb gZ ±by  ihklZj_lv hl \j_ f_gb gZ±fy mqZkl\h\Zlv\ wdki_^bpbb gZ±by ijhoh^blvihZe 


e__ _ >  a\Zlv ih bf_gb gZ ±fy  ij_^mij_^blv h[ hiZkghklb _ \ ieZf_gb gZ±fy dhkljZaZ[hlblvkyh[mjh`Z_ _I 

 JZkijhkljZgblvihih^ibkd_ _> yaudieZf_gb gZ±fy

dhkljZijbdZkZlvkyd klj_f_gb gZ±fy \klj_lblvkygZiehsZ^d_  _I ihkljhblvkygZiehsZ^b _ \h`^vie_f_gb gZ±fy ^hihju ^h\j_f_gb gZ±fy jZgvr_\j_f_gb gZ±fy gh]Z\ klj_f_gb gZ± fy mgb\_jkbl_lbf_gb gZ±fy F<Ehfhghkh\ZmebpZbf_gb gZ± fy Xjby=Z]ZjbgZih^[j_f_g_f gZ±fy e_lk\_`b_ k_f_gZ gZ± fy  g_ ^Zlv ih]Zkgmlv ieZf_gb gZ ±fy  [hev \ l_f_gb gZ ±fy  dhklbl_f_gb gZ±fy dhkgmlvkydeZ\br_cijbdhkgmlvkyd fZrbgd_ _> gh\u_\j_f_gZ gZ±fy \ukhdhcagZqbfhklb _  Ih^[j_f_g_fe_l±hlklZjhklb  G_l agZf_gb [_a ieZf_gb hl \j_f_gb [_a bf_gb m ie_ f_gbbaklj_f_gbhlk_f_gb  BafZe_gvdh]h k_f_gb\ ieZf_gb dhkljZd agZf_gb ihedZ ijbclb d k\h_fm \j_f_gb ijbdhkgmlvky d klj_f_gb ah\_f ih bf_gbbakhk_^g_]hie_f_gb Ie_gguc\hbgbakhk_^g_]hie_f_gb^he`_g[uek]hj_lv\ ieZ f_gbdhkljZ

 Fgh]bo bgl_j_kmxl \hijhku dhlhju_ k\yaZgu k jmkkdbfb ebqgufb bf_gZfb Ohq_lky magZlv hldm^Z bf_gZ ijhbahreb qlh hgbh[hagZqZxl Hl\_lu fh`gh gZclb \ ki_pbZevguo keh\Zjyo jmkkdbo ebqguo bfzgKeh\ZjgmxklZlvxlZdh]hkeh\Zjy\ha]eZ\ey_lihegh_hnbpb Zevgh_ bfyIhke_ bf_gb ^Z_lky wlbfheh]bq_kdZy kijZ\dZ h ijhbk oh`^_gbb b i_j\hgZqZevghfagZq_gbb bf_gbAZl_fijb\h^ylkyhl q_kl\Z dhlhju_ h[jZamxlky hl bf_gb ^Ze__ ke_^mxl mf_gvrbl_evgu_ijhba\h^gu_^eygZbf_gh\Zgbyq_eh\_dZ\ [ulm\ djm]mk_fvb\ djm]m^jma_clh\Zjbs_c   Bfy  Ijhbkoh`^_gb_bf_gb  I_j\hgZqZevgh_agZq_gb_  Hlq_kl\Zh[jZam_fu_hlbf_gb  Mf_gvrbl_evgu_ijhba\h^gu_hlbf_gb




:e_dkZg^j ¹ hl ]j_q_kdh]h ŠaZsblgbd ex^_cª :e_dkZg^jh\bq :e_dkZg^jh\gZKZrZKZgyRmjZ:ebd  mklgh

 Ex[h\vd a_fe_  <_^_l \ze ly`_eh ly`_klv iyl_jgb iylv ehkgylky ehkd  kdj_`_l kdj_`_s_l  hklZgh\beky \klZe  ^_eh\blhklvx ^_eh  m^Zeyeky \^Zev [_j_`eb\h [_j_`gh   fhlhjhf  i_j_q_jdb\Z_lly`_eufbihqm\kl\h\Ze   jZkiZoZggh_ jZa]mey\rb_ky [_krmfgh gZ aZdZl_ ijb]hjr g_cg_ijb\uqgh  kihludZ_lky , \u[jZku\Z_l ,   jmqvyfb  >bdlZgl

 Oh^blv[_aiZevlh J \uclbbadbgh J `^Zlv[ebaf_ljh J ^hclb^hrhkk_ J keurZlvihjZ^bh > b]jZlvgZibZgbgh I  ih^t_oZlv d ^_ih >  r_e [_a dZrg_ J  ^h[Z\blv \ dZdZh < klhylvm gh\h]hZl_ev_ J b^lbih\ukhdh]hjghfmieZlh L  m\b^_lv gZ lZ[eh I  \uclb \ nhc_ <  klmqZlv ih `Zexab >  mqblvky\ F=M I jZ[hlZlv\ khk_^g_fdZn_ I 

  < Hkeh \ureb gZ e_^ kbevg_crb_ dhgvdh[_`pu >Zgbb R\_pbb Ghj\_]bb KR: DZgZ^u  < =j_gh[e_ aZdhgqbebkv kh j_\gh\Zgby ih nb]mjghfm dZlZgbx eu`ghfm ^\h_[hjvx kdhjhkl ghfmkimkdm<hkdj_k_gkd_fhkdh\kdZyohdd_cgZydhfZg^ZPKD: ku]jZeZ\gbqvxk f_klgufŠObfbdhfªLZdbf`_[uej_amevlZl \klj_qb\ Fhkd\_f_`^mŠKiZjlZdhfªb Š>bgZfhª

 >hjh]b_j_[ylZIjhqblZcl_wlbaZf_qZl_evgu_dgb]baZjm [_`guo ibkZl_e_c ŠKdZadbª =ZgkZ OjbklbZgZ :g^_jk_gZ ŠS_e dmgqbdª =hnfZgZ ŠH\h^ª Wl_ev <hcgbq jhfZgu <bdlhjZ =x]h Š@bagv b m^b\bl_evgu_ ijbdexq_gby fhj_oh^Z Jh[bgahgZ Djmahª >Zgbwey >_nh ŠAhehlhc `mdª W^]ZjZ Ih ŠIjbdexq_gby LhfZ Khc_jZª ŠIjbdexq_gby =_dev[_jjb NbggZª b ŠIjbgp b gbsbcª FZjdZL\_gZŠK_j_[jygu_dhgvdbªF_jbF_ci>h^`Š>Z\b^Dhi i_jnbev^ª QZjeaZ >bdd_gkZ khqbg_gby N_gbfhjZ Dmi_jZ @xey <_jgZb <Zevl_jZKdhllZ 


 L_ljZ^v FZjbb E_\q_gdh :e_dkZg^jZ E_\q_gdh l_ljZ^v ?e_gZ=bga[mj]Ev\Z=bga[mj]Zl_ljZ^v:gguKmoh\h:g^j_yKm oh\hl_ljZ^vJZbkuFbeuoI_ljZFbeuo

  Ex^b jZaguo gZpbhgZevghkl_c ljm^bebkv gZ FZ]gbld_ >g_ijh]wk_DZf:A_< gZr_ckljZg_qblZxlagZxlb ex[ylijh ba\_^_gby jmkkdbo Z\lhjh\ :e_dkZg^jZ ImrdbgZ Ev\Z Lheklh]h FZdkbfZ =hjvdh]h FboZbeZ Rhehoh\Z :e_dkZg^jZ L\Zj^h\kdh]h dgb]b eZlurZ YgbkZ JZcgbkZ dbj]baZ Qbg]baZ :clfZlh\Z dZaZoZ FmolZjZ:mwah\Zklbob[_ehjmkZYgdbDmiZeuZ\ZjpZJZkmeZ=Zf aZlh\ZmdjZbgpZLZjZkZR_\q_gdh  M \maZ\mahfh \ma_balmjihoh^Zk lmjihoh^hfh lmjih oh^_ m ih^eh^dbgZ^ ih^eh^dhc\ ih^eh^d_ m aZiqZkl_ck aZiqZ klyfbh aZiqZklyom fhi_^Zk fhi_^hfh fhi_^_m aZ\ohaZk aZ\ ohahfh aZ\oha_ Iha\hgbeb k :LK kem`blv \ <<K mqblvky \ F=M `blv \ JN bkoh^blvbaDI>

 LjZf\Zcgh_^_ih kjj \dmkgh_dZdZh kjj fhkdh\kdh_ f_ljh kj j l_ieh_ iZevlh kj j  klZjh_ ibZgbgh kj j  djmi gucrbfiZga_ fj oheh^gh_wkdbfh kjj gh\h_Zl_ev_ kjj  ijhklhjgh_nhc_ kjj rbjhdh_rhkk_ kjj djhr_qgucdheb[ jb f j  bgl_j_kgh_ dbgh kj j  keh`gh_ ^hfbgh kj j  [ukl jucd_g]mjm fj dj_idbcdhn_ fj ^ebggh_lbj_ kjj we_d ljbq_kdh_ j_e_ kj j  kijZ\_^eb\h_ `xjb kj j  ghqgh_ lZdkb kj j  dhjhldh_ rZkkb kj j  m^Zqgh_ bgl_j\vx kj j  ihegh_ Zeb[b kjj 

  ;mjgZy :eZaZgb \iZ^Z_l \ Dmjm  >j_\gbc L[bebkb ± klhebpZ =jmabb  Ij_kgh\h^gh_ HglZjbh ± h^gh ba djmig_crbo ha_j :f_jbdb  Ihegh\h^gZy Dhg]h l_q_l kj_^b ljhibq_kdbo e_ kh\>j_\g__Dhg]hkeZ\blky bkdmkgufbj_aqbdZfb ih ^_j_\m  Kmjh\Zyb [eZ]h^ZlgZy=h[bjZkdbgmeZkv\ Fhg]hebb  Fuhl^uoZeb\ :gZi_:[jZm>xjkh±dmjhjlguc]hjh^< =_e_g^`bd_ l_ieuc debfZl < LmZik_ ijhoh^be fmaudZevguc n_k lb\Zev Fu hlijZ\bebkv \ >Z]hfuk GZr fZjrjml ijhoh^be q_j_a Ohklm< EhhjZagu_njmdlu 


  ILM kj j  h[ty\beh gZ[hj mqZsboky  <klmibeZ \ kljhcgh\Zy=WK `j =B;>> `j khh[sbeZh gh\uoijZ\b eZoj_]bkljZpbbebqguoZ\lhfh[be_c :LK ± Z\lhfZlbq_kdZy l_e_nhggZy klZgpby FLK ± fhlhjgh ljZdlhjgZy klZgpby FO:L ± Fhkdh\kdbc om^h`_kl\_gguc ZdZ^_ fbq_kdbcl_ZljGBB ±gZmqghbkke_^h\Zl_evkdbcbgklblmlHLD± h[s_kl\_gghl_ogbq_kdbcdhgljhevF=M±Fhkdh\kdbc]hkm^Zjkl \_ggucmgb\_jkbl_lLXA±l_Zljxgh]hajbl_eyQI±qj_a\uqZc gh_ijhbkr_kl\b_ Hl_q_kl\hfh_Jhkkby  JyaZgkdb_ ihey B b [_j_au B \hae_ HdbdZem`kdb_ b lmev kdb_ i_j_e_kdb B  k lbohc \h^hc L  \ fZe_gvdbo j_qdZo I  Ih^fhkdh\v_\eZ^bfbjkdb_ijhk_edb B a_feb B lZf[h\kdb_b \hjhg_`kdb_]^_e_kZ B bkkydZxlb gZqbgZxlkykl_ib B ±wlh \k_\ h[boh^_ I fuah\_fkj_^g_cihehkhc L bf_y\ \b^m I

rbjhdbc ihyk <  Jhkkbb dhlhjuc b^_l hl aZiZ^ghc ]jZgbpu J

^hMjZeZ <I_kdh\

 K_j_`Z ±djm]euckbjhlZ fj FZrZ±djm]eZykbjhlZ `j FbrZ ±[hevrhcaZ[bydZ fj FZjbgZ ±m^b\bl_evgZy aZ[bydZ ` j   ©DZdhc lu aZagZcdZ I_lyª ± m^b\beZkv fZfZ ©DZdZyluaZagZcdZEx[Zª±m^b\beZkvfZfZ  JZklyiZh[`hjZieZdkZg_ihk_^Z I_j\u_ljbhljbpZl_ev ghoZjZdl_jbamxlq_eh\_dZ

IjbdZaZeZijbimklbekyaZdjbqZe\_jl_eky

 >hdlhj `j BjbgZB\Zgh\gZijb]eZkbeZ\ dZ[bg_lhq_ j_^gh]h[hevgh]h<jZq `j Kfbjgh\Z\uibkZeZj_p_ilIh h`b\e_ggufebpZfihh^h[jbl_evgufj_iebdZfZjobl_dlhj `j

GbgZ GbdheZ_\gZ ihgyeZ qlh ijh_dl ijbgyl  Fheh^hc Z]jhghf ` j  :g_qdZ khjlbjh\ZeZ k_f_gZ  Ijhn_kkhj ` j Jh`^_kl\_gkdZy\ahreZgZdZn_^jmb h[jZlbeZkvd klm^_glZf k ijb\_lkl\b_f  :jo_heh] B\Zgh\ gZr_e hklZgdb ^j_\g_]h `b\hlgh]h :j o_heh] I_ljh\Z \_eZ jZkdhidb \ Djufm ;Ze_lf_ckl_j :ggZ B\Z 


gh\gZh[mqZeZfheh^uo[Ze_jbg\ ;hevrhfl_Zlj_DeZkk[Ze_lf_c kl_jZ Dmag_ph\Z k^Z\Ze wdaZf_g ih lZgpm Lj_g_j Kb^hjh\ \_e ]jmiim hebfibckdh]h j_a_j\Z Lj_g_j Dhaeh\Z \hegh\ZeZkv aZ fh eh^mx nb]mjbkldm ;bheh] <Zkbg hldjue gh\uc \b^ gZk_dhfuo ;bheh] E_\bgZ gZ[ex^ZeZ fbdjh[h\ \ fbdjhkdhi ;jb]Z^bj N_^h jh\\u\_ek\hx[jb]Z^mgZijhihedm;jb]Z^bj:e_dkZg^jh\Zjmdh \h^beZk_ghdhkhf

 Qmlvkeurblkyjmq_c[_]msbc\ k_gv ^m[jZ\uqmlv^u rbl\_l_jhdmkgm\rbcgZebklZob lboZyemgZdZde_[_^v\_ebqZ \ucieu\_l\ kj_[jbkluoh[eZdZoJ_^__lh[eZdh\e_lmqZy]jy^Z a\_a^Zi_qZevgZy\_q_jgyya\_a^Zl\hcemqhk_j_[jbem\y^rb_jZ\ gbgu  G_gZklghc ghqb f]eZ ih g_[m kl_e_lky h^_`^hx k\bgph \hc  Jhgy_l e_k [Z]jyguc k\hc m[hj kj_[jbl fhjha m\ygm\r__ ihe_ijh]eyg_l^_gvdZd[m^lhihg_\he_b kdjh_lkyaZdjZc hdjm` guo]hj :Imrdbg

 Hkgh\gZyfukevj_dZ>hgijhkeZ\beZkv\ bklhjbbJhkkbb hgZ kem`beZ b ijh^he`Z_l kem`blv ex^yf Klbev ± gZmqgh ihimeyjguc ,<hjhg_`±kms Qlh" <hjhg_`Gn±<hjhg_` ,,Ihkl±kh[kl\g_h^mrfj]hkdeg_ihkl±Bi_^q ,,, Qlh" <hjhg_` ,Hk\h[h`^_gbx±kms Q_fm" hk\h[h`^_gbxGn±hk\h[h `^_gb_ ,,Ihkl±gZjbpg_h^mrkjjgZ±b_g_ihkl±>i_^q ,,,Iheh`b\rZygZqZeh q_fm" hk\h[h`^_gbx , GZ iZjhoh^_±kms GZq_f" gZiZjhoh^_Gn±iZjhoh^ ,,Ihkl±gZjbpg_h^mrfj_ kdeg_ihkl±Ii_^q ,,,IhiZklv gZq_f" gZiZjhoh^_ , < l_q_gbb±kms < q_f" \ l_q_gbbGn±l_q_gb_ ,,Ihkl±gZjbpg_h^mrkjjgZ±b_g_ihkl±Ii_^q ,,,DjZkb\ \ q_f" \ l_q_gbb Ijhl_dZ_l \iZ^Z_l lhj]h\uf jZchgZfb \iZ^Zxl jZkiheh`b ebkv ijhbahreZ iheh`b\rZy dZgZehf klhebpm ijhe_]Z_l ^heb g_^hebgZ 


 JZ^hklv ` j _  \hkobs_gb_ kj j gZ ±b_  kqZklv_ kj j_ m^b\e_gb_ kjjgZ±b_ \heg_gb_ kjjgZ±b_ bk im] fj _ ex[h\v `j _  g_`ghklv ` j _  bamfe_gb_ kjjgZ±b_ ]hj_ kjj_ i_qZev `j_ ]jmklv `j_  lhkdZ `j_   I_j\ucjZagZdhe_k_h[haj_gby OhjhrhihfgxdZdy \i_j\ucjZaijhdZlbekygZdhe_k_h[haj_gby < mljZ \ \hkdj_k_gv_ yjdh k\_lbeh khegp_ b fu j_rbeb \k_c k_fv_cihclb\ iZjddmevlmjuFuih]meyeb m nhglZgZ b gZijZ\b ebkvd ZlljZdpbhgZfF_gyho\ZlbehjZ^hklgh_\heg_gb_Jh^bl_eb ij_^eh`beb\u[jZlvgZq_fy ohqmijhdZlblvkyQlh`_\u[jZlvgZ wlhljZa"Y [ue\ khfg_gbbGZfZrbgdZoy dZlZekym`_fgh]hjZa Z \hlgZwlhdhe_khf_gygbdh]^Zh^gh]hg_imkdZeb±]h\hjbebqlh fZeh\Zl: \wlhljZad fh_fmm^b\e_gbximklbeb Y gZqZeih^gbfZlvkyb g_h`b^Zggh[ukljh\afue gZ^ ]hjh^hf dZdilbpZ>mee_]dbcl_ieuc\_l_jhdhk\_`Zefg_ebph<kdhj_y hdZaZeky \ur_ kZfuo \ukhdbo a^Zgbc gZ^ ^_j_\vyfb mebpZfb djurZfb^hfh\M f_gy[uehhsms_gb_qlhy e_qmk\h[h^ghiZjx gZ^]hjh^hfFg_lZdgjZ\behkvwlhqm\kl\h Fu gZqZeb kgb`Zlvky b ihy\behkv jZahqZjh\Zgb_ qlh \k_ lZd [ukljh dhgqbehkv Gh hdZau\Z_lky [ueh ijbylgh ihke_ ©ihe_lZª kgh\ZklmiblvgZl\_j^mxa_fexJZ^hklv b ohjhr__gZkljh_gb_ g_ ihdb^Zebf_gyp_euc^_gv  G_kqZklv_ ± jZ^hklv g_jZa[_jboZ ± ihjy^hd g_a^hjh\v_ ± a^hjh\v_g_ijZ\^Z±bkdj_gghklvg_\_`eb\hklv±mqlb\hklvg_^h \_jb_±^h\_jb_g_^jm]±lh\Zjbsg_h^h[j_gb_±iho\ZeZ

  HklZgh\blvky\ g_j_rbl_evghklb jh[hklb g_[j_`ghklv \ h^_`^_ [_aG?g_ mihlj mij_d\ g_k_jv_aghklb e_]dhfukebb  hrb[db baaZ g_\gbfZl_evghklb jZkk_ygghklb  g_ZddmjZlghklv mq_gbpu g_ijb\_leb\hklv m]jxfhklv  \ h[jZs_gbb jZkkdZau\Zlv g_[uebpu [Zcdb g_ijbfbjbfhklvd \jZ]m [_a G? g_ mihlj hk lZ\Zlvky g_mq_f [_a G? g_ mihlj  qm\kl\h\Zlv g_ijbyagv \jZ` ^_[ghklv  \ujZablv g_jZkiheh`_gb_ hllhj`_gb_  g_lhqghklv hrb[dZ \ hl\_l_g_ij_dehgghklvoZjZdl_jZ [_aG?g_mihlj   HdZaZlvkyg_\_`^hc[hevrb_g_\a]h^u 


 G_\gbfZgb_ g_\_`eb\hklv g_hj]Zgbah\Zgghklv g_kZfh klhyl_evghklvg_ij_^mkfhljbl_evghklvg_[eZ]ha\mqb_g_m^ZqZ G_m^ZqZ±g_\_a_gb_ijhfZoG_\_a_gb_ij_ke_^h\Zeh_]hp_emx g_^_ex , Hj]Zgbah\Zgghklb ± kms Q_]h"  hj]Zgbah\Zgghklb G n ± hj]Zgbah\Zgghklv ,,Ihkl±gZjbpg_h^mr`j_ kdeg_ihkl±Ji_^q ,,,G_^hklZlhd q_]h" hj]Zgbah\Zgghklb

 B lmfZgb g_ih]h^uhk_gviha^gyyg_k_lHiylvg_^m] _]hk\Zebe<k_\gbfZgb__]hmklj_fbehkvgZg_ijbyl_eyKe_ auhiylv gZ\_jgmebkv gZ ]eZaZo _]hke_au g_]h^h\Zgby Im]Zq_\ kh^_j`Zeky \ lxjvf_ g_ kljh`_ ijhqbo g_\hevgbdh\  G_\b^bf dhxemgZhk\_sZ_lkg_]e_lmqbc: gZjh^lhgZ^gbfgZkf_oZeky ©Ih^_ehfl_[_klZjucg_\_`Zª :Imrdbg

 Hgg_ZdmeZb g_dbl Hgg_[Zjkmdb hgg_djhl Ghih^a_fe_cg_ijhiZ^_l Hgg_hj_eg_]mkvg_^jha^ Ghfh`_l^he_l_lv^ha\_a^ G_^h]Z^Z_rvky\h\_d <k_fh`_llhevdhq_eh\_d

>Jh^Zjb

 G_jZ[hlZkmrblZ aZ[hlZG_f_klhdjZkblq_eh\_dZZ q_eh\_d f_klh  >jmavy \ g_kqZklv_ ihagZxlky  < hk_gg__ g_gZklv_k_fvih]h^gZ^\hj_G_i_qvdhjfblZ jmdbG_dhl_e \ZjblZ kljyimoZ Ihkeh\bpu

G_ih]h^Z±g_gZklv_ ,AZ[hlZ±kms Qlh" aZ[hlZGn±aZ[hlZ ,,Ihkl±gZjbpg_^mr`j_ kdeg_ihkl±Bi_^q ,,,Kmrbl qlh" aZ[hlZ   Qlhlu gZf jZkkdZ`_rv\_l_jg_ihk_^Z\_l_jhd" Hiylv ]m^bl [mrm_l g_ih]h^Z AZdhe^h\Zg g_\b^bfdhc ^j_fe_l e_k ih^ kdZadmkgZ 


 AZf_jarbc[hjrmfblkj_^beZamjbf_l_l\_l\yfbkbg_\mg_ [_kb dZ`_lkyg_[mjy [m^_l e_kZ [mcguce_kdZqZykv[m^bl[m jx

 Ba\haqbd \hablv h[oh^qbd h[oh^blv ij_kkh\sbd g_ gZ ^l ak `  j_aqbd j_aZlv  h[jm[sbd g_ gZ ^l ak `  ZiiZjZl qbpZ ZiiZjZlu  ]jmaqbd ]jmablv  ih^[hjsbpZ g_ gZ ^l ak `  jZa\_^qbd jZa\_^u\Zlv kt_fsbd g_ gZ ^lak` kfZaqbd kfZ au\Zlv  i_j_[_`qbd i_j_[_`Zlv  mdeZ^qbpZ mdeZ^u\Zlv  nhj fh\sbpZ g_gZ^lak` 

 ;mn_lqbpZ [mn_l  dhibjh\sbd dhibjh\Zlv  wdkdZ\Zlhj sbd wdkdZ\Zlhj  i_j_ibkqbd i_j_ibku\Zlv  khjlbjh\sbpZ khj lbjh\Zlv  jZknZkh\sbd jZknZkh\u\Zlv  kl_dhevsbd kl_deh  Z\ lhfZlqbd Z\lhfZl  e_lqbd e_lZlv  h[t_a^qbd h[t_a^blv  jZaghkqbd jZaghkblv  \haqbd \hablv  jZkkdZaqbd jZkkdZau\Zlv  Z\lhih]jmaqbd ih]jmablv  ij_kkh\sbpZ ij_kkh\Zlv  [Zd_gsbd [Zd_g k\Zjsbd k\Zjb\Zlv dhfivxl_jsbd dhfivxl_j   Kljhbl_evgu_ki_pbZevghklb =^_lhevdhg_klhyl\ gZr_ckljZg_Kljhbl_ev±hq_gvihq_lgZy ijhn_kkbyKh[kl\_gghwlhg_h^gZZ fgh]hjZaguoijhn_kkbc Qlh[u ihkljhblv [hevrhc ^hf mdeZ^u\Zxl g_fZeh dZfgy beb dbjibqZWlh^_eZxl dZf_gsbdbGm`gh mklZgh\blv ZjfZlmjmWlm jZ[hlm \uihegyxl ZjfZlmjsbdb GZ^h k\Zjblv f_lZeebq_kdb_ qZk lb Wlbf aZgbfZxlky k\Zjsbdb >he]h ijbrehkv [u i_j_qbkeylv \k_odlh\ha\h^blij_djZkgu_kh\j_f_ggu_^hfZ ,:jfZlmjm±kms Qlh" ZjfZlmjmGn±ZjfZlmjZ ,,Ihkl±gZjbpg_h^mr`j_ kdeg_ihkl±<i_^q ,,,MklZgh\blv qlh" ZjfZlmjm ,F_lZeebq_kdb_ ±ijbeZ] DZdb_"  f_lZeebq_kdb_G n ± f_ lZeebq_kdbc ,,Fgq<i ,,,QZklb dZdb_" f_lZeebq_kdb_  AZ[hcsbd ijbp_isbd \_jlhe_lqbd ]jmaqbd ime_f_lqbd i_j_ie_lqbdkfZaqbdjZa\_^qbdi_j_\h^qbd kmnnbdkZevguc kih kh[h[j  <h_ggucjZa\_^qbdjZa\_^qbd]_heh]bq_kdbof_klhjh`^_gbc 


  Kljhbl_eb kh[jZebkv \h fgh`_kl\_ ie_ebkv g_ki_rgh jyaZgkdb_ ibevsbdb ^Z kl_dhevsbdb qbggh rZ]Zeb l\_jkdb_ dZ f_gsbdbb i_qgbdbijhoh^bebdjh\_evsbdb[_lhgsbdbdmag_pu J_adhkb]gZebebrhn_juihdjbdb\Zeb\haqbdbkgh\ZebZ]_glu ]jmaqbdb \h^gbdb \ nhjf_gguo nmjZ`dZo  K_]h^gy \_jg_lky k ebgbbkf_gsbd    ;ZjZ[Zgsbd dZf_gsbd klZdZgqbd ebfhgqbd ghqdZ k\_qdZ ihqlZ f_qlZ k\Zjsbd k[hjsbd ^hf_gsbd ihfhsgbd kd\hj_qgbd  h[ty\e_gb_ih^t_f F_qlZÂąf_qlZ >f@Âąkh]ea\l\ >b@Âą]eZkg[_am^ >qÂś@Âąkh]e]emofy]d >l@Âąkh]e]emol\ >Z@Âą]eZkgm^ [a\

 Ihk_s_gb_ \uklZ\db a_e_gv \ iZebkZ^gbd_ \kdjbdg_l hl g_h`b^Zgghklbmdju\Z_lky ieZshfjZklZ_l \ ^hebg_ gZoh^bfky \ hl^Ze_gbb kljhbf gZ ih[_j_`v_ aZf_j_lv \ h`b^Zgbb ijb]j_ \Z_l gZ khegp_ijbkh_^bgbfky dh \k_c ]jmii_g_ aZf_qZ_f hiZk ghklbr_eihZee__jZkiheh`blvky\ jhsbp_gZhdjZbg_^_j_\gb [e_kg_l gZ l_fghf g_[_ ijyq_lky \ rbih\gbd_ agZf_gbluc lZg ph\sbd  Kughq_dih^Zjhq_dfyqbdkZfhe_lbda\hghq_d^jm`hq_d dexqbddZjZg^Zrbdhj_r_dimauj_q_ddbjibqbd\Zkbe_q_dh]h g_q_ddmkhq_deZjqbd Imauj_q_dÂąimauj_dÂąimaujv kmn

 < m]emklhyeb]jmr_qgucklhebddhlhjuchdjm`Zebq_luj_ fZe_gvdboklmevqbdZGZh^ghf ba gbo kb^_e imrbkluc aZcqbdgZ ^jm]hfÂą^_j_\yggucq_eh\_q_dk ^ebggufghkhfGZklhebd_klhye [e_klysbc kZfh\Zjqbd \hae_ g_]h ijbkljhbeky fZexk_gvdbc qZc gbq_dbohdjm`Zeb[_e_gvdb_qZr_qdbFbgbZlxjZy \ZahqdZ [ueZ gZiheg_gZkeZklyfb 


,Klhye±]eZ] Qlh^_eZe" klhyeGn±klhylv ,,G_kh\\,,kij\ ijhr\jfj_^q ,,,KZfh\Zjqbd qlh^_eZe" klhye

 >jm`hd `mqhd i_lmrhd aZfhq_d q_eh\_q_d rZiqhgdZ dmeZqhdih^mr_qdZhj_r_d em`hd djm`hd f_^\_`hghd lhq_qdZ furhghdkmqhd]hjhr_dq_j\yqhddmkhq_dibjh`hddjxqhdh\ jZ`_dklZjbqhdiZklmrhdaZcqhghd\heqhghd]jZqhghd]Zeqhghd kh[ZqhgdZ

 K_juc\hed±k_j_gvdbc\heqhghdrmkljucaZyp±rmkl j_gvdbcaZcqhghdi_kljZydmdmrdZ±i_klj_gvdbcdmdmrhghd lhe kluc f_^\_^v ± lhekl_gvdbc f_^\_`hghd q_jgZy ]ZedZ ± q_jg_gv dbc]Zeqhghd Gh\ZyrZidZ ±^ujy\Zy rZiqhgdZ\_jgZy kh[ZdZ ±ljmkeb\Zy kh[ZqhgdZijZa^gbqgZyh^_`^Z±j\ZgZyh^_`hgdZdj_idZyeh^dZ± iehohgvdZyeh^qhgdZkblp_\Zyjm[ZoZ±\_loZyjm[ZrhgdZ Gh\Zy ± klZjZy \_jgZy ± g_\_jgZy ijZa^gbqgZy ± [m^gbqgZy dj_idZy±rZldZy\_loZy±ijhqgZy IjZa^gbqgZy  Dm^ZiZklmrhdlm^Zb ihkhrhd Ebqbdhf[_e^Z^mrhxq_j_g K_xkvdZdbakblZghg_ihjhrhdaZiheaZx\ `blhghg_q_j \yqhd Ibjh`hdebrvjZaehfbeZ^Zdmkhq_dijbdmkbeZ Ihr_jkld_b debqdZ < qm`hf]eZamkmqhd\b^bfZ \k\h_fb [j_\gZg_aZf_qZ_f >he]ieZl_`hfdjZk_g

 ± Y ijbh[j_e dgb`hgdm ± kdZaZe fhc kh[_k_^gbd b gZa\Ze nZfbebxihwlZdeZkkbdZ ± Ihq_fm \u ]h\hjbl_ lZd ij_g_[j_`bl_evgh" ± \hafmlbeky y ±Qlh\ugh\_^vhgZlhg_gvdZy^Zb nhjfZlg_[hevrhc±hl\_ lbekh[_k_^gbd <uykgbe ykgh  kh[_k_^gbd aZf_qZ_l aZf_lblv  jZagbpu \ agZq_gbb gZ±b_  


 F_^\_`hghd ± f_^\_^v aZcqhghd ± aZyp \heqhghd ± \hed furhghd±furvkd\hjqhghd±kd\hj_p]Zeqhghd±]ZedZ Fu \b^bf dZjlbgm RbrdbgZ ©Mljh \ khkgh\hf [hjmª gZ g_c bah[jZ`_gu^\Zf_^\_`hgdZM fZevqbdZ`bekd\hjqhghddhlhjuc mf_e]h\hjblv  >bdlZgl  >bdlZgl

 Bfykms_kl\bl_evgh_dZdqZklvj_qb Kdehg_gb_b jh^bf_gkms_kl\bl_evguo Keh\hh[jZah\Zgb_bf_gkms_kl\bl_evguo G?k kms_kl\bl_evgufb IjZ\hibkZgb_kmnnbdkh\bf_gkms_kl\bl_evguo  H? \ hdhgqZgbyo b kmnnbdkZo kms_kl\bl_evguo ihke_ rb iysbo   ;_ah[eZqghklvg_ih]h^ZjZahqZjh\Zgb_  Hj_rgbde_kgbdaZcqbddgb`hgdZ  Ih^hkbgh\bdih^[hjh^hdih^\h^gbd  IZjh\ha\mae_khibedZe_^hoh^mgb\_jfZ]  Dhg^bl_jkdZyfhjh`_gh_klheh\Zy

 Wlbkeh\Z fkv_^_g^b aZbfkl\h\Zgujmkkdbfyaudhf ,Fkv_¹kms Dh]h" fkv_ ,,GZjbpg_h^mrg_kdeg_baf ,,,Ijh]gZeb dh]h" fkv_ ,>_g^b¹kms Dlh" ^_g^b ,,GZjbph^mrg_kdeg_baf ,,, Dlh" ^_g^b Fyl_`ghcijbreZihjZ]jmklbgZk\h[h^_ihfh^_fh]batyk gylvkye_]dhlZgp_\ZedeZgyekyj_rbe  kljhqdZ]jmaqbdi_j_\haqbdk\ZjsbdaZcqbdaZfhq_d  kljhqdZ gZ iehsZ^d_ gZ iehsZ^b h agZf_gb \ kZgZlhjbb h jZa\blbb kljhqdZFhkd\ZB\ZgB\Zgh\bqŠDjZkgucHdly[jvª kljhqdZk_\_jhaZiZ^e_khibedZe_kijhfoha




 =eZkgu_?B \hdhgqZgbyokeh\ GZÂąby _ kde _ kde _ kde Jm ^hjh]b  g_lj_dbm \brgb

M furbhl HlZdpbb kbj_gbm gZe_dpbb iehsZ^b [_anZfb ebb >d ^hjh]_  D ghqbd D Zdpbbd ihj_d_d kbj_gbih k_dpbbih \brg_ iehsZ^b nZfbebb Ih ^hjh]_ < k_e_gZ H ghqb\ H[Zdpbb\ \ j_d_gZ ihe_gZdh kbj_gbgZ k_dpbbijb \brg_ g_ iehsZ^b nZfbebb  Ih^m^Zj_gb_f Fm`bqhd kmg^mqhd aZcqhghd furhghd

[_am^Zj_gby f_rhq_d ghkhq_d ^hq_gvdZ h\jZ`_d

GZÂąb_gZÂą bc   < kZgZlh jbbh jZa \blbbijb ]hj_gbb

 Ihrbjhdhclhihe_\hcZee__ kjj> b^_fd fhgmf_glm¹ \_ebq_kl\_gghc nb]mj_ ` j >  \hbgZ A^_kv iZfylgbdfma_c ]_ jhyf<_ebdhcHl_q_kl\_gghc\hcgu < fma__ f j I  [h_\u_ agZf_gZ kj j B  b fZd_lu jZchgZ \h_gguo^_ckl\bc< [hevrhf[jhgah\hfhdeZ^_ fjI ¹ŠDgb]Z <_qghckeZ\uª< g__aZg_k_gubf_gZ kjjB khe^Zlk_j`Zglh\ hnbp_jh\ b ]_g_jZeh\ ¹ mqZklgbdh\ wlbo [h_\Fgh]b_ ba gbo m^h klh_gua\Zgby=_jhyKh\_lkdh]hKhxaZ Fma_c kha^Zg ijb mqZklbb kj j I  rdhevgbdh\ \oh^ysbo \ hljy^ub dem[uk djZldbfjhfZglbq_kdbfgZa\Zgb_fŠIhbkdª

 Hkgh\gZy fukev gZ KZoZebg_ g_e_]dbc debfZl gh `bl_eb _]hg_[hylkyljm^ghkl_c  gZhdjZbg_Jh^bgu  ihehk_ihdb^Zlv  jZkiheh`_gijboh^bljZkqbsZxl JZa^_evghg_ ohq_lg_ [hylky Fhkd\bqZf lmeydZf gb`_]hjh^pZf kg_]hiZ^Z kg_]hhqbklbl_ ebeu`gbdbju[heh\u 


 <b^_e ebdlhgb[m^vdZdmfbjZ_le_^ \ emqZokhegpZ"<q_ jZ _s_ wlh [ue [h]Zluc jmq_c \b^gh ih fmkhjm hklZ\e_gghfm gZ em]mGhqv [ueZl_ieZyb hgmki_e aZghqvmg_klb ihqlb\kxk\hx \h^mb ijbkh_^bgblv __ d[hevrhc\h^_Ihke_^gb_hklZldbko\Zlbe fhjhab k^_eZebagbodjm`_\ZgZem]mKdhjhkhegp_ bahj\Zeh\k_ wlbdjm`_\Zb dZ`^Zyev^bgZ hl^_evghmfbjZeZiZ^ZygZa_fexah ehlufbdZieyfb FIjbr\bg

 E_kghcfbj Hkgh\gZyfukeve_kghcfbj±fbjihdhyb [_aa\mqby Rdhevghc mkZ^v[u J _^ q ` j  _eh\u_ eZiu B fg q  ojmidb_ kmob_ ijmldb < fg q  jhkeuo ieZdmqbo [_j_a J fg q  ,;_aa\mqby±kms Q_]h" [_aa\mqbyGn±[_aa\mqb_ ,,Ihkl±gZjbpg_h^mrkjjgZ±b_g_ihkl±Ji_^q ,,,Fbj q_]h" [_aa\mqby  ihdZjlbgd_\ mq_[gbd_eblju

 DjZkb\uc B_^qfj i_caZ` \uau\Z_l jZ^hklgh_ < _^qkjj qm\kl\hhl\e_dZ_lhlg_ijbylghkl_cmkihdZb\Z_l^Z `_e_qblIjbjh^Z\^hogh\ey_lihwlh\om^h`gbdh\dhfihablhjh\ K_]h^gy gZb[hevrmx < _^ q ` j  lj_\h]m aZ k\hx km^v[m \uau\Zxlm gZkg_^Ze_db_ Bfgq ]hjub kdZebklu_ Bfgq

[_j_]Z Z ijb\uqgu_ kdjhfgu_ k_evkdb_ B fg q  i_caZ`b Hgb bkq_aZxl ih^ [_a`Zehklguf L _^ q f j  gZihjhf ljZdlhjh\ b [mev^ha_jh\djZkhlZgZr_ca_febojmidZ djZl_^q`j b mya \bfZ djZl_^q`j ?_e_]dhbkihjlblvb h[b^_lvdZ`^hcf_eh qvx DjZkhlmi_caZ`_c\ Jhkkbbkha^Zeb[_kdjZcgb_ e_kZ Bfgq  j_qgu_ B fg q  ^hebgu b ihcfu e_kgu_ B fg q  iheygu b himrdb dmklZjgbdb b f_edhe_kv_ m jmqv_\ b h\jZ]h\ klZju_ B fgq ^_j_\gbb omlhjZk fgh]hyjmkghc L_^q`j jZklbl_ev ghklvx^\hjh\b mebpFgh]b_bawlboqm^_kguo Jfgq we_f_g lh\kqblZxlky[_kihe_agufb Lfgq ^eyk_evkdh]h J_^qkj j  ohayckl\Z F_ebhjZlhju b kljhbl_eb \_^ml gZ gbo ih^ebggh_ <_^qkjj gZklmie_gb_Lbomx <_^q`j jhsmbkdhj_ 


gyxl ih^ iZrgx ijb\hevgh_ ihe_ < _^ q kj j  hl^_eyxl hl ^j_\gbo Jfgq e_kh\g_ijhoh^bfuf L_^qfj \Zehfh\ jZ]b aZkuiZxl beb ij_\jZsZxl \ k\Zedb Dlh khojZgbl ihlhfdZf ohly[ufZemx <_^q`j qZklvjmkkdh]h J_^qfj i_c aZ`Z dhlhjuc \^hogh\eye b E_\blZgZ b RbrdbgZ b ^jm]bo lZ eZgleb\uo <fgq khhl_q_kl\_ggbdh\"  <kihfbgZ_lky fg_ jZggyy ih]h`Zy hk_gv Ihfgx jZg g__k\_`__lboh_ mljhIhfgx [hevrhc \_kv ahehlhc kZ^ihfgx de_gh\mx Zee_x lhgdbc ZjhfZl hiZ\r_c ebkl\u b aZiZo Zglhgh\ kdboy[ehdaZiZof_^Zb hk_gg_ck\_`_klbLZdkeZ\ghghqvxe_ `Zlv gZ \ham kfhlj_lv \ a\_a^gh_ g_[h qm\kl\h\Zlv aZiZo ^_]ly \ k\_`_f \ha^mo_ b kemrZlvdZd hklhjh`gh ihkdjbiu\Z_l \ l_fghl_ ^ebgguc h[ha ih [hevrhc ^hjh]_  < ihj_^_\r_f kZ^m ^Ze_dh \b^gZ^hjh]Zd [hevrhfmrZeZrm<_l_j\hegh\ZekZ^b gZ]hgye aeh\_sb_dhkfui_i_evguoh[eZdh\Oheh^ghb yjdhkbyehgZk_ \_j_gZ^ly`_eufbk\bgph\ufblmqZfb`b^dh_]hem[h_g_[hZ ba aZwlbolmqf_^e_ggh\uieu\Zeboj_[lukg_]h\uo]hj±h[eZdh\ B;mgbg

Lbobc±ihdhcguc[_afyl_`gucKjZ\g_gb_]hju±h[eZdZ

 G_jh^bkvgb ohjhrgb ijb]h`Z jh^bkvkqZkleb\G_ \kydbc \ ^_eh ]h`dlh ebphf ijb]h`  <ayeky aZ ]m` g_ ]h\hjb qlhg_^x`<kydbc^hfohaybghfohjhr<_l_j\_l_jlufh ]mqlu]hgy_rvklZb lmqlu \hegm_rv kbg_ fhj_\kx^m j__rv gZ ijhklhj_E_k^j_fmqFhjhalj_kdmq    RZeZr lh\Zjbs ghqv ihfhsv fheh^_`v j_qv i_qv ^hqvfyqdZjZg^Zrdexqgh`f_ehqvdbjibq^Zqjhs  fh]mq^j_fmqihoh`]hjyq  i_qvkl_j_qvfh`_rv]h\hjbrvkljbqv^mfZ_rv[_j_qv  Kms_kl\bl_evgu_ H dexqhfieZshfk\_qhckljb`hf Kms_kl\bl_evgu_ ?  kljZrbebs_f lh\Zjbs_f mebp_c ilb p_c IjbeZ]Zl_evgu_ H [hevrh]hqm`hfm IjbeZ]Zl_evgu_ ? k\_`_fmohjhr_]hkblp_\uc]hjyq_]h 

 GZmqgucklbev


Abfg__mljh  Mljh<u]ey^u\Zx\ hdghb g_magZxe_kZDZdh_\_ebdhe_ib_b kihdhckl\b_GZ^]em[hdbfbk\_`bfbkg_]ZfbaZ\Zeb\rbfbqZsm _e_c±kbg__h]jhfgh_b m^b\bl_evghg_`gh_g_[h LZdb_ yg\Zjkdb_ djZkdb [u\Zxl m gZk lhevdh ih mljZf \ yg\Zj kdb_fhjhauB hkh[_ggh ohjhrbhgb k_]h^gy gZ^k\_`bf kg_]hfb a_e_guf [hjhf Khegp__s_aZe_khfijhk_dZ\ ]em[hdhcl_gb< dhe_yokZggh]h ke_^Zl_gvkh\_jr_gghkbgyy: gZ\_jrbgZo khk_ggZbo iurguo a_e_guo \_gpZo m`_ b]jZ_l ahehlbkluc kheg_qguc k\_l B khkgu aZf_jebih^]em[hdbfg_[hf IhB;mgbgm

,<_ebdhe_ib_±kms Qlh" \_ebdhe_ib_Gn±\_ebdhe_ib_ ,,Ihkl±gZjbpg_h^mrkjjgZ±b_g_ihkl±Bi_^q ,,, Qlh" \_ebdhe_ib_ =em[hdbc±[_a^hgguc  Hkgh\gZyfukeve_k\ kg_]mdjZkb\b g_h[uq_g

Abfgb_kmf_jdb  < ^_dZ[j__kebg_[haZjulhlmqZfbkljZgghkf_jdZ_lky\ o\hc ghfe_kmihqlbkljZrghg_[hgZ\_jomklZgh\blkyjh\ghebeh\uf k\bkZ_lhimkdZ_lkyb lhjhiblkiZkZlvkyZ lh\ e_kmkdhjhgZqg_lky k\hcg_q_eh\_q_kdbcihjy^hd Fu ihki_rbeb ^hfhc h[jZlgh ih k\h_c mlj_gg_c ^hjh`d_ b m\b^_ebgZg_ck\_`bcaZyqbcke_^WlhagZqbehqlhaZcpum dhlh juo^_gvgZrkqblZ_lkyghqvxZ ghqv±boljm^h\hc^_gv\klZebk e_`dbb gZqZeb oh^blvKljZrgh_ebeh\h_g_[h\ kmf_jdZobf[u ehdZdgZfjZ^hklgZymlj_ggyyaZjy IhFIjbr\bgm

 MljhfbahdgZk\h_]h^hfZy \b`mkhegp_f_^e_ggh\klZx s__ gZ^ abfgbf iZjdhf KgZqZeZ jhah\__l g_[h ± wlh i_j\u_ ijb agZdb mlj_gg_c aZjb AZkg_`_ggu_ \_jomrdb ^_j_\v_\ lh`_ klZgh \ylkyjhah\ufb: ihlhfm`_bah[eZdh\ihy\ey_lky[Z]jh\ucdjZc khegpZ dZd [u \ djZkgh\Zlhf ^ufm GZ mebp_ ihy\eyxlky i_j\u_ i_r_oh^uhgbki_rZlgZjZ[hlm b mq_[m<^ZebijhiheaZxl ljZf \Zbljhee_c[mku=hjh^gZqbgZ_lgh\uc^_gv 


  Ih l_jjblhjbb gZr_c Jh^bgu l_q_l kZfZy [hevrZy ij_\  j_dZ \ ?\jhi_ ± <he]Z  Kj_^g_kb[bjkdh_ iehkdh]hjv_ ± h^gh ba djmig_crbo ij_\  \ fbj_  Dexq_\kdZy khidZ ± kZfuc \ukhdbc \medZg ij_\ \ :abbIjbjh^ZK_\_jgh]hMjZeZkmjh\__ kjZ\g ijbjh^uKj_^g_]hb X`gh]hMjZeZ , < :abb±kms =^_" \ :abbGn±:aby ,,Ihkl±kh[kl\g_h^mr`jgZ±bylhevdh_^qg_ihkl± Ii ,,,KZfuc\ukhdbc ]^_" \ :abb  Ijbylg__kqZkleb\__kihdhcg__ m^h[g__ m`Zkg__ ij_ djZkg__ ijbe_`g__ ijbqm^eb\__ ijb\e_dZl_evg__ ij_ajbl_evg__ klZjr_bkdmkg__k\h[h^g__  >hjh`_ kmr_ l\_j`_ [h]Zq_ djmq_ ]ms_ lhes_ qbs_ ]jhfq_f_evq_]hjr_keZs_fy]q_e_]q_ F_gvr_om`_emqr_  A^hjh\v_^hjh`_ ahehlZ >h[ju_keh\Zemqr_fy]dh]hibjh]Z Ihke_jZ[hlu_^Z\dmkg__ IjZ\^Zk\_le__khegpZ >h`^eb\h_e_lhom`_hk_gb , Ihke_ jZ[hlu±kms Ihke_q_]h" ihke_jZ[hlu ,,Ihkl±gZjbpg_h^mr`j_ kdeg_ihkl±Ji_^q ,,,<dmkg__ ihke_q_]h" ihke_jZ[hlu

 ;he__ ]jmklguc ± [he__ ]jmklgZy ± [he__ ]jmklgh_ [he__ ykgZy±[he__ykgh_±[he__ykgh_[he__hiZkguc±[he__hiZkgZy± [he__ hiZkgh_ [he__ ijbe_`guc ± [he__ ijbe_`gZy ± [he__ ijb e_`gh_ FZrZ±[he__ijbe_`gZymq_gbpZq_fFbrZLuk_]h^gy[he__ ]jmklgZyq_f\q_jZ  Hl_q_kl\hfh_Jhkkby



MjZe @b\my \]em[bg_Jhkkbb < djZxha_jb jm^guokdZe A^_kvj_db±kbgb]hju±kbgb B \kbgbohlk\_lZof_lZee


IhdjZkhl_ihkdjulhckbe_ Fg_g_k q_ffhcMjZekjZ\gblv Bghca^_kv\b^blkyJhkkby Kmjh\_ckljh`_fh`_l[ulv : fh`_la^_kvhgZfheh`_« K\_`_clml\j_f_gbjm[_` Ghk_j^p_jmkkdh_±\k_lh`_ B ^h[jhlZB i_kgbl_` B ebpZl_`_qlh\ JyaZgb B lZd`_a\mqgubf_gZ DZdkhegp_\ ^jZ]hp_gghc]jZgb < MjZe_JmkvhljZ`_gZ

ELZlvygbq_\Z

,Kbgb±ijbeZ] DZdh\u" kbgbGn±kbgbc ,,DjZldfgq ,,,J_db dZdh\u" kbgb , < kbgbo±ijbeZ] < dZdbo" kbgboGn±kbgbc ,,IhegfgqIi ,,,< j_dZo dZdbo" kbgbo

 Khegp_ [hevr_A_febEmgZf_gvr_A_febMjZevkdb_]h ju gb`_ DZ\dZakdbo ;Zj_gp_\h fhj_ oheh^g__ Q_jgh]h JZklb l_evghklv lmg^ju [_^g__ jZklbl_evghklb lZc]b ?gbk_c ^ebgg__ <he]b MjZevkdb_]hju[he__gbadb_q_fDZ\dZakdb_ , JZklbl_evghklv ± kms Qlh"  jZklbl_evghklv G n ± jZklb l_evghklv ,,Ihkl±gZjbpg_h^mr`j_ kdeg_ihkl±Bi_^q ,,, Qlh" jZklbl_evghklv  Kbevguc ±kbevg_crbckZfuc kbevguc ijhklhc ± ijh kl_crbc kZfuc ijhklhc keZ[uc ± keZ[_crbc kZfuc keZ[uc bg l_j_kguc ± bgl_j_kg_crbc kZfuc bgl_j_kguc kqZkleb\uc ± kqZ kleb\_crbckZfuckqZkleb\uc  E_]dbc ± e_]qZcrbc kZfuc e_]dbc \ukhdbc ± \ukhqZcrbc kZfuc \ukhdbc fy]dbc ± fy]qZcrbc kZfuc fy]dbc ]em[hdbc ± ]em[hqZcrbckZfuc]em[hdbcj_^dbc±j_^qZcrbckZfucj_^dbc 


lhgdbc¹lhgqZcrbckZfuc lhgdbc\_ebdbc¹\_ebqZcrbckZfuc \_ebdbc yjdbc ¹ yjqZcrbc kZfuc yjdbc kljh]bc ¹ kljh`Zcrbc kZfuckljh]bc  GZaZk_^ZgbbŠDem[ZagZf_gbluodZiblZgh\ªkh[jZebkvkZ fu_ ba\_klgu_ fhj_ieZ\Zl_eb iml_r_kl\_ggbdb ]_jhb ijbdex q_gq_kdbo jhfZgh\ KZfuf fheh^uf kj_^b gbo [ue >bd K_g^ ]_ jhc jhfZgZ @xey <_jgZ ŠIylgZ^pZlbe_lgbc dZiblZgª KZfuf \_k_euf\k_kqblZebLZjlZj_gZbaLZjZkdhgZ]_jhyjhfZgZ:evnhg kZ >h^_ g_kde J i  Z kZfuf ŠijZ\^b\ufª [ue dhg_qgh [Zjhg Fxgo]Zma_g ba dgb]b JZki_ g_kdeJi <k_ qe_gu dem[Z kqblZ ebkvk fg_gb_fkZfh]hfm^jh]hbagbodZiblZgZG_fh g_kdeJi  h^gh]hba]_jh_\dgb]b@xey<_jgZŠLZbgkl\_gguchkljh\ª  gZfZl_jbZe_Fhkd\ub Ih^fhkdh\vy

Fhkd\Zj_dZ rbj_ f_edh\h^ghc Ymau YmaZ ]jyag__ Fhkd\u j_dbG_]em[hdZyIZojZqbs_Fhkd\uj_db>m[gZ^Zevr_>fbljh \Z>_j_\gyIh^hkbgdbdjmig__^_j_\gbDmay_\h

 Kuju_kmf_jdb Gh emqr_ \k_]h [ueb kmf_jdb dh]^Z gZ^ kujufb [_j_ah\ufb jhsZfb ih^ufZeZkv lmfZggZy emgZ GZ \_q_jg_f g_[_ \b^g_ebkv lhgdb_l_gbieZdmqbo\_l\_c < kbahf dZdhf"  \ha^mo_ klhyeb gZ^ e_khf h[eZdZ b le_eb keZ [uf dZdbf"  k\_lhf : ihlhf gZ^ h]jhfghc [_afhe\ghc dZdhc"

a_fe_c \hpZjyeZkv ghqv ^h kZfuo djZ_\ gZeblZy ijhoeZ^guf dZ dbf" \ha^mohfb aZiZohf\h^u LmfZggucÂąkfmlgucjZkieu\qZlucg_ykguc  < jmkkdbogZjh^guokdZadZojZaebqgu_`b\hlgu_gZ^_e_gu q_eh\_q_kdbfb dZq_kl\Zfb EbkZ obljZyij_obljZy \hed ]emiuc ij_]emiucf_^\_^vkbevgucij_kbevgucaZypjh[dbcij_jh[dbc



 GZriZjd M]hehd^bdhcijbjh^u IZjdmljhf IZjd^g_f IZjd\_q_jhf AZqlhy ex[exgZriZjd


;eb`Zcrbcd gZf m]hehd gZklhys_c ijbjh^u ±gZr iZjd?keb aZclb\ _]h^bdmxqZklvkha^Z_lkyhsms_gb_qlhlu\ e_km;hevr_ \k_]hy ex[exgZriZjdiha^g_c\_kghcb e_lhf Mljhf \ iZjd_ k\_`h gZ ebklvyo b ljZ\_ e_`Zl dZi_evdb jhku Khegp_ \koh^bl b _]h emqb hljZ`Zxlky \ wlbo dZi_evdZo b \ a_j dZevghfijm^m GZqbgZ_lky ^_gvjhkZ \ukuoZ_lKe_\Z hl ijm^Z rmfyl ebklvy fb [_eu_ [_j_au kijZ\Z klhyl jZa\_kbklu_ de_gu JZkimklbebkv h^m\Zgqbdb=^_lh\ \urbg_keurghi_gb_dmdmrdbBgh]^Zfh` ghm\b^_lv^Z`_rmkljmx[_edm <_q_jhfiZjdij_h[jZ`Z_lkyklZgh\blkylZbgkl\_gguf<k_^_ j_\vyfh`ghmagZlvlhevdhihdhglmjZfIjm^l_fg__l\ g_fhljZ `Z_lkyemgZ Y ex[exgZriZjdaZlhqlhlZf^urblkyb ]mey_lkydZdaZ]h jh^hf  M fgh]bojmkkdbo j_dgZih^h[b_<he]bh^bg[_j_]]hjguc ^jm]hc em]h\hc m Bklu lh`_ WlZ g_[hevrZy j_qdZ \v_lky qj_a\u qZcghijbohleb\hihea_laf__cgb gZihe\_jklug_l_q_lijyfhb \ bghf f_kl_ k \ukhlu djmlh]h ohefZ \b^gZ \_jkl gZ ^_kylv kh k\hbfb iehlbgZfb ijm^Zfb f_evgbpZfb h]hjh^Zfb FZe_gvdb_ dmebqdbi_khqgbdbkhk\bklhfi_j_e_lu\Zxl\^hevdZf_gbkluo [_ j_]h\^bdb_mldb\uieu\ZxlgZk_j_^bgmijm^h\b hklhjh`ghhab jZxlky BLmj]_g_\

   >_j_\ygguc ]ebgyguc k_j_[jyguc kl_deygguc kheh f_ggucdh`Zguck_f_gghcyaudh\Zy dhe[ZkZ    ]hjh^kdhc k_evkdbc i_j_^gbc aZ^gbc \_jogbc gb`gbc ih^a_fguc   k_]h^gyrgbc aZ\ljZrgbc \q_jZrgbc hk_ggbc abfgbc \_ q_jgbcmlj_ggbc^Z\gbrgbc\j_f_gguc  hlju\ghch[e_^_g_euclhqbevgucgZ[b\ghcgZ]j_\Zl_evguc  Hkgh\gZyfukevjmkkdb_ex^b\k_]^ZkeZ\bebkvdZdbkdmk gu_fZkl_jZ Bkihdhg \_dm keZ\bebkv jmkkdb_ h  ex^b dZd bkdmkgu_ d

fZkl_jZBamfbl_evgu d ihdjZkhl_ahehlu_ h b k_j_[jygu_ h




ba^_ebylZeZgleb\uo d mf_evp_\Ba\_klgu d b om^h`_kl\_ggu_ h ijhfukeuih^_j_\m< Ih^fhkdh\v_\ k_e_;h]hjh^kdhf\uj_ aZxlm^b\bl_evgu_ d ihdjZkhl_^_j_\yggu_ h b]jmrdbEx[b fuc d  ]_jhc [h]hjh^kdbo h  j_aqbdh\ Âą f_^\_^v ;h]hjh^kdb_ b]jmrdbÂąf_^\_^bÂąlZgpmxleh\ylju[mdZlZxlkygZ\_ehkbi_^_ b ^Z`_aZimkdZxl\ dhkfhkkimlgbd B]jmrdbBkihdhg\_dm njZa_heh]baf 

 Kbabnh\ljm^ NjZa_heh]baf ©kbabnh\ ljm^ª mihlj_[ey_lky \ agZq_gbb ©ly`_ eZy[_kdhg_qgZyb [_kieh^gZy jZ[hlZª<hagbdhgba]j_q_kdhcfb nheh]bb Dhjbgnkdbc pZjv Kbabn aZ h[fZg [h]h\ ijbkm`^_g A_\ khfd \_qghcfmd_\ ih^a_fghfpZjkl\_Kbabn\kdZlu\Z_lgZ]hjm h]jhfgucdZf_gvHdhehkZfhc\_jrbgudZf_gv\uju\Z_lkyba_]h jmdb krmfhfiZ^Z_l\gbaKgh\ZijbgbfZ_lkyKbabnaZjZ[hlm  Baeh`_gb_

FmjZ\vbgZyljhiZ  JZagufb ljhiZfb ^hklZehkv fg_ oh^blv b f_^\_`vbfb b dZ [Zgvbfb b \heqvbfb b aZyqvbfb b ^Z`_ ilbqvbfb Gh ih lZdhc r_e\i_j\u_ LjhibgdmwlmjZkqbklbebb ijhlhilZebfmjZ\vbBo[uehfgh]h fgh]h Kex^ygu_ i_j_g  djueurdb gZk_dhfuo [e_kl_eb b dZaZ ehkvqlhf_`^mljZ\bgdZfbev_lkykljmy\h^u Y b^m hdheh ^hjh]b ijh^_eZgghc fmjZ\vyfb b kqblZx rZ]b r_klv^_kyliylvk_fv^_kylWlhfhbo[hevrboZ kdhevdh`_fmjZ \vb^he`guk^_eZlvK_jv_agZyljhiZY ijbk_egZdZf_gvKb`mb kfhljxdZd[v_lkyih^gh]Zfb`b\Zy`bagv IhGKeZ^dh\m

KfhljxÂąkfhljx >k@Âąkh]e]emol\ >f@Âąkh]ea\l\ >Z@Âą]eZkg[_am^ >l@Âąkh]e]emol\ >jÂś@Âąkh]ea\fy]d >m@Âąkh]em^ [a\ LjZ\bgdZfb 


 <_j[ex`vy dhexqdZ iZog_l kujhklvxih^t_a^ d iZ\bevh gm fhehqguc dbk_ev [mevhg ba rZfibgvhgh\ iZklmrvy kmfdZ fZr_ldjuevyfbkt_a`Zlvk djmqb\_l\b_eb\uevx ba dZkljxeb ^\motyjmkguc fhkl gygqblv \gmqdm \heqvy rdmjZ ibkvfh k_kl jbqd_dhehkyqf_gyh[tyl h]g_fh[tykgblvkfukeiv_ku[_ev_ gZ \_j_\d_lj_otyauqguckeh\Zjvh[t_a^ghcimlvk_fvy rZol_jZeb kvx ghjm   EbkbqdZ kb^bl ^Z ijb]h\Zjb\Z_l ŠF_jagb f_jagb \he qbc ijBfj o\hklªIh^b\bekyklZjbdebkv_c ij>`j

obljhklbŠDlhlZf[_`bl"ª¹kijZrb\Z_lebkbpZmkeurZ\kh[Z qbc ij<fj eZcIhk_ebeZkvebkZ\ aZyqv_c ijI`j

ba[_gd_Z aZcqbdZ \u]gZeZ Kh^jZe \hed [ZjZgvx ij < ` j

rdmjmb `^_lDhlhn_yB\Zgh\bqZ ,AZcqbdZÂąkms Dh]h" aZcqbdZGnÂąaZcqbd ,,IhklÂągZjbph^mrfj_ kdeg_ihklÂą<i_^q ,,,<u]gZeZ dh]h" aZcqbdZ

 AZyqbcke_^ ij aZyqbc dZq oZjZdl_jÂąljmkeb\ucoZjZd l_j aZyqbc \u\h^hd ij  ]mkbgh_ i_jh ij  ]mkbgZy dhjfmrdZ ij ]mkbgZy dZq ihoh^dZÂądhkheZiZyihoh^dZ\heqvyklZy ij  \heqbcZii_lbl dZq Âąh]jhfgucZii_lbl\heqv_eh]h\h ij eb kvy ghjZ ij  ebkvy rm[Z hlghkbl  Âą ebkvy obljhklv dZq  Âą [hevrZyobljhklv  ,<_q_jgb_ÂąijbeZ]L_gb dZdb_" \_q_jgb_GnÂą\_q_j gbc ,,IhklÂąhlghkblg_ihklÂą\ Bifgq ,,,L_gb dZdb_" \_q_jgb_ ,,K\_`hÂąijbeZ]>uoZgb_ dZdh\h" k\_`hGnÂąk\_`bc ,,IhklÂądZq_kl\g_ihklÂądjZld\ kjj_^q ,,,>uoZgb_ dZdh\h" k\_`h  Klbev Âą om^h`_kl\_gguc FheqZeb\uo i_j_g  kg_]h\ aZ r_iqmlky i_j_g  ^_j_\vy e_k mlhgme i_j_g  ihdhjgh i_j_g

kdehgb\  kg_]h\^_j_\vyabfZ\ km]jh[Zoih^k\h^hf  fheqZeb\uogZklhysZy\ ^j_fmqboih^oheh^gufly`_eu_ 


,FheqZeb\uo±ijbeZ]Km]jh[h\ dZdbo" fheqZeb\uoGn± fheqZeb\uc ,,Ihkl±dZq_kl\g_ihkl±iheg\ Jifgq ,,,Km]jh[h\ dZdbo" fheqZeb\uo ,;_ehc±ijbeZ]EZ^hrdhc dZdhc" [_ehcGn±[_euc ,,Ihkl±dZq_kl\g_ihkl±iheg\ Li_^q`j ,,,EZ^hrdhc dZdhc" [_ehc , Ih^  oheh^guf ± ijbeZ] Ih^ k\h^hf dZdbf"  oheh^guf G n±oheh^guc ,,Ihkl±dZq_kl\g_ihkl±Li_^qfj ,,,Ih^k\h^hf dZdbf" oheh^guf

 K_jZykl_igZy dhjh\Z q_jdZkkdhc ihjh^u gZfZe_gvdhf ^\hj_  iml_\h]h `_e_agh^hjh`gh]h klhjh`Z  ijhkyghc kheh fhc  ^hfZrgbfb \_sZfb  kZfh\Zjghc ljm[hc  h^_`ghc \_lh rvx \ ^he]b_ abfu  , GZ fZe_gvdhf±ijbeZ]GZ^\hj_ dZdhf" fZe_gvdhfGn± fZe_gvdbc ,,Ihkl±dZq_kl\g_ihkl±\ Ii_^qfj ,,,GZ^\hj_ dZdhf" fZe_gvdhf , < ^he]b_±ijbeZ]< abfu dZdb_" ^he]b_Gn±^he]bc ,,Ihkl±dZq_kl\g_ihkl±\ <ifgq ,,,< abfu dZdb_" ^he]b_ , @_e_agh^hjh`gh]h ± ijbeZ] Klhjh`Z dZdh]h"  `_e_agh^h jh`gh]hGn±`_e_agh^hjh`guc ,,Ihkl±hlghkblg_ihkl±\ Ji_^qfj ,,,Klhjh`Z dZdh]h" `_e_agh^hjh`gh]h ,>hfZrgbfb ±ijbeZ]<_sZfb dZdbfb"  ^hfZrgbfbGn ± ^hfZrgbc ,,Ihkl±hlghkblg_ihkl±\ Lifgq ,,,<_sZfb dZdbfb" ^hfZrgbfb  G_^h[jucZ aehcg_[j_`guc g_mihlj[_aG? g_\ajZq guc g_mihlj[_aG? g_kqZklv_ ]hj_ g_kqZkleb\uc ]hj_klguc  g_\_`_kl\_gguc g_ mihlj [_a G?  g_ijheZaguc g_ mihlj [_a G?  g_\hevguc kemqZcguc  g_e_iuc g_ mihlj [_a G?  kh\k_f g_^h[jhkh\_klguc oZelmjguc g_ba[_`guc g_mihlj[_aG? g_ 


mdex`bc g_ mihlj [_a G?  g_kqZklguc g_ mihlj [_a G?  g_hl eh`guc g_ mihlj [_a G?  g_aZf_^ebl_evguc g_ mihlj [_a G?  g_sZ^guc g_mihlj[_aG? g_gZkulguc g_mihlj[_aG? g_gZ klv_ g_mihlj[_aG? g_gZ]ey^guc fbeuc g_gm`guc aZ[uluc  g_\_`eb\hklv ]jm[hklv g_\_`eb\Z ]jm[g_hijylguc aZiZqdZg guc  g_gZ\bklguc g_ mihlj [_a G?  g_ZddmjZlguc aZfua]Zg guc g_gZklguc g_mihlj[_aG? g_ijb\_leb\uc m]jxfuc g_ m^Zqguc ijh\Zevguc  g_j_rbl_evguc jh[dbc  g_ jh[dbc Z kf_euc g_\gbfZl_evguc jZkk_ygguc  g_jyreb\uc ]jyaguc  g_ jZ[hlZZ aZ[hlZ

 G_\gbfZl_evguc jZkk_ygguc  g_ZddmjZlghklv [_aZeZ[_j ghklv  g_k_jv_aguc kf_rghc  g_]em[hdbc f_edbc  g_rbjhdbc madbc  g_\ukhdbc gbadbc  g_a^hjh\uc [hevghc  g_\_`eb\uc ]jm[uc  g_kf_euc ljmkeb\uc  g_a^hjh\ [he_g  g_mf_g ]emi  g_kqZkleb\uc [_^kl\_gguc g_a^hjh\v_ [he_agv  ;m^vl_\aZbfgh\_`eb\u ih[m^bl

Luk_]h^gyg_a^hjh\" \hij

 G_h`b^Zggh_ ba\_klb_ ^Ze_dh g_ m^Zqguc hl\_l g_ h[ju \bklucZ iheh]bc [_j_]g_kljh]bc q_eh\_d g_ fy]dbcZ l\_j^uc kh\k_fg_m^h[gZy^hjh]Zg_]em[hdbch\jZ]g_qZyggZy\klj_qZg_ [j_`gucihq_jdhlgx^vg__^bgkl\_ggh_j_r_gb_

  G_e_]dbc ^bdlZgl ohjhrh gZibkZeb \k_ mq_gbdb gZr_]h deZkkZ  K_kljZ dmibeZ g_^hjh]mx b]jmrdm  R_klbdeZkkgbdb ibkZeb g_e_]dbcZ ljm^guc^bdlZglJ_dZ g_]em[hdZ Mq_gbd k^_eZeg_[j_`gmxaZibkvK_klj_dmibebg_^hjh]mxZ ^_r_\mx b]jmrdmJ_dZg_]em[hdZZ f_edZJZ[hlZmq_gbdZg_[j_`gZ Hlg_ihjy^dZb kbevgZyjZlvih]b[Z_l K_kljZ±k_kljZ >F¶@±kh]e]emofy]d >b@±]eZkg[_am^ >k@±kh]e]emol\ >l@±kh]e]emol\ >j@±kh]ea\l\ >Z@±]eZkgm^ [a\ 


,>_r_\mx±ijbeZ]B]jmrdm dZdmx" ^_r_\mxGn±^_r_\uc ,,Ihkl±dZq_kl\g_ihkl±iheg\ <i_^q`j ,,,B]jmrdm dZdmx" ^_r_\mx R_klbdeZkkgbdb

 >m[jh\kdbc \klZe b ihr_e bkdZlv ^hjh]m ^hfhc gh _s_ ^he]h[em`^Zeihg_agZdhfhfme_kmBa^Zeb mkeurZe<eZ^bfbj g_h[udgh\_gguc rmf b ]h\hj  >\_jb aZibjZebkv b g_kqZklgmx `_jl\mhklZ\eyebgZ_^bg_k dhkfZlufimkluggbdhf:glhgIZn gmlvbqihoZ`b\ZeihdhfgZl_hkfZljb\ZeaZfdbb hdgZb dZqZe]h eh\hx ijb k_f g_ml_rbl_evghf hkfhlj_ FZrZ ijh]h\hjbeZ ©IZ i_gvdZ \Zf [_a f_gy [m^_l ]jmklgh _s_ ]jmklg__ dh]^Z \u ih^mfZ_l_qlhy g_kqZklgZª Ijbk_f mklZj ±ijbwlhf    G_ijh^he`bl_evgh_ g_gZklv_ kf_gbehkv ohjhr_c ih]h ^hcBaaZjZggbo\_k_ggbo^h`^_c^hjh]bk^_eZebkvg_ijh_a`bfb <_kv fZjl klhbl g_mklhcqb\Zy ih]h^Z FZrbgZ kdjuebkv \ g_ijh ]ey^ghcl_fghl_G_mfheqgua\mdb\_k_gg_cdZi_eb  K i_j\ufbhll_i_eyfbjZa^Z_lkyg_]jmklgh_Z \_k_eh_s_[_ lZgb_\hjh[v_\ , K hll_i_eyfb±kmsJZa^Z_lky k q_f" k hl_i_eyfbGn± hll_i_ev ,,Ihkl±gZjbpg_h^mr`j_ kdeg_ihkl±\ Li\ _^ q ,,,JZa^Z_lky k q_f" k hll_i_eyfb

  G_[jhkZc^jm]Z\ g_kqZklv_G_[hevrhc^h`^brdh±eh ^ujyfhl^urdZDlhdh]hh[b^bllhllh]hb g_gZ\b^blG_kqZklgu_ ^gb^he]hiZfylgu[u\ZxlG_aZkehgbrvkhegurdZjmdhcg_m[v _rvfheh^pZg_[uebp_c  G_kb^bkeh`ZjmdblZd b g_[m^_lkdmdbG_[jhkZc^jm]Z\ g_kqZklv_ G_ aZkehgbrv khegurdZ jmdhc g_ m[v_rv fheh^pZ g_ [uebp_c  Bkdmkghc jZ[hlhc L _^ q  k_jv_aguf hlghr_gb_f L _^q ijbeZ]Zlv mkbeby\ mq_gbbbgl_j_kgmxdgb]m <_^q gZ [bjZlvkykbeZddmjZlghklv\ jZ[hl_[_j_`eb\ucohaybg B_^q  gZklhcqb\hklv \ ^hklb`_gbb p_eb jZa]hjZlvky yjdh \ujZklb ij_ djZkgufq_eh\_dhf L_^q ijb\_leb\uc\a]ey^ Bbeb<_^q  


\gbfZl_evguc B_^q d ex^yfkijZ\_^eb\uc B_^q dh\k_f ]_jhbq_kdbc Bbeb<_^q ih^\b]\hbfyJh^bgu

 Iexr_\ucf_^\_`hghdi_kph\uc\hjhlgbddmfZqh\Zydh kugdZ kblp_\h_ ieZlv_ k\bgph\Zy imey dZfurh\u_ aZjhkeb fhj `h\ucdeud]eygp_\Zy[mfZ]ZeZg^ur_\ucaZiZo    ?`h\uc dmeZqhd imgph\uc dZ[emqhd ih^ ieZshf qm `hckhk\_qhc[hjph\aZ\jZqhfk fyqhfgZ^djuevphfiylZqhd f_^\_`hghdjmqhgdZdhj_rhd^jm`hd   ebp_\hc ibs_\hc k\_`_]h dexq_\hc i_j_^ lh\Zjbs_f oh jhr_]hiZevp_\ih^djur_cgh`bq_d^_r_\uc`_em^v  mklgh

 ;_dZkbguc \hjh[vbguc ]emoZjbguc ]hem[bguc ]jZqb guc ]mkbguc `mjZ\ebguc a\_jbguc dhfZjbguc e_[_^bguc eh rZ^bgucev\bgucfurbguchjebguchkbguci_j_i_ebguci_ lmrbguciq_ebguckh[hebguckh\bguckhdhebguckheh\vbguc klj_i_lbgucl_l_j_\bgucmlbgucrf_ebgucyklj_[bguc

 ;ueh \j_fy dh]^Z ibkZeb ilbqvbfb i_jvyfb KZfh gZa\Z gb_ ©i_jhª ih^l\_j`^Z_l wlh KZfufb jZkijhkljZg_ggufb [ueb ]mkbgu_ i_jvy E_[_^bgufb i_jvyfb ibkZeb j_`_ [_dZkbgufb i_jvyfb q_jlbeb >\_klb e_l gZaZ^ ihy\bebkv klZevgu_ i_jvy kZ fu_ijhqgu_b gZ^_`gu_ ,<j_fy±kms;ueh qlh" \j_fyGn±\j_fy ,,Ihkl±gZjbpg_h^mrkjjgZ±fyg_ihkl±Bi_^q ,,,;ueh qlh" \j_fy ,;_dZkbgufb ±ijbeZ]I_jvyfb qvbfb"  [_dZkbgufbGn ± [_dZkbguc ,,Ihkl±ijbly`g_ihkl±\ Lifgq ,,,I_jvyfb qvbfb" [_dZkbgufb GZaZ^±gZaZ^ >g@±kh]ea\l\ >Z@±]eZkg[_am^ >a@±kh]ea\l\ >Z@±]eZkgm^ >l@±kh]e]emol\ [a\ 


 , A_feyghc kl_deygguc ljZ\yghc dhklyghc lhjnyghc kex^yghc dh`Zguc ihehlgyguc dhghieyguc heh\ygguc ]eb gyguc[_j_klyghc\h^yghc`_klyghce_^yghcevgyghci_kqZguc ^_j_\yggucj`Zghch\kyguck_j_[jygucr_jklyghc ,, J_f_ke_gguc h[_^_gguc lhj`_kl\_gguc hl_q_kl\_gguc h]g_gguckhehf_gguclud\_ggucdexd\_gguc  <_lj_gZyih]h^Z\_lj_gu_^gb\_lj_gh_mljh\_ljygZyhk iZ\_lj_gucxghrZ\_ljygZyf_evgbpZ\_ljyghc^\b]Zl_ev <_lj_ghfm q_eh\_dm y g_ ^h\_jyx <_ljyghc ^\b]Zl_ev bkihev am_lkbem\_ljZ

   P_gguc lmfZgguc p_ebgguc fZrbgguc \_k_ggbc hk_ggbc klZjbgguc dZjlbgguc emgguc iheugguc dZjfbgguc kl_gghcqm]mggucebfhgguc   ]ebgyguc k_j_[jyguc g_nlyghc ^_j_\ygguc kl_deygguc heh\ygguc  khehf_gguclud\_ggucdexd\_gguc[he_ag_gguc]hkm^Zj kl\_gguc hl_q_kl\_gguc bkdmkkl\_gguc ohayckl\_gguc dm ohggucebkl\_gguc

   Hjebguc h\kyguc dh`Zguc a\_jbguc lhjnyghc i_k qZgucdhklyghchkbguc[Z]jyguc   j_\hexpbhgguc \hklhj`_gguc h[_^_gguc heh\ygguc bkde  ^_j_\ygguc bkde  wdkdmjkbhgguc ibkvf_gguc kl_deyg guc bkde Z\bZpbhgguch[udgh\_gguc Xgucb jmfyguc±g_lkmnnbdkZ\hh[s_G \dhjg_ Kihkh[uh[jZah\Zgbyijbklijbklkmn  ;_kqm\kl\_gguc ± [_kqm\kl\_g fj  [_kqm\kl\_ggZ `j  [_aukdmkkl\_gguc ± [_aukdmkkl\_g fj  [_aukdmkkl\_ggZ `j  \_ebq_kl\_gguc ± \_ebq_kl\_g fj  \_ebq_kl\_ggZ `j  _kl_kl \_gguc ± _kl_kl\_g fj  _kl_kl\_ggZ `j  e_]dhfuke_gguc ± e_]dhfuke_g fj  e_]dhfuke_ggZ `j  g_\_`_kl\_gguc ± g_\_ `_kl\_g fj g_\_`_kl\_ggZ `j  K\h_\j_f_gguc±k\h_\j_f_g_gimklugguc±imklug_gp_gguc ± p_g_g g_h[udgh\_gguc ± g_h[udgh\_g_g g_ijbdhkgh\_gguc ± g_ijbdhkgh\_g_gg_khfg_gguc±g_khfg_g_g 


  IZ\ebd ijhkgmeky ^h jZkk\_lZ Hklhjh`gh hldju\Zy ly `_eu_^\_jbhghlijZ\beky\ ]hklbgmxWlh[ueh[hevrh_iml_r_ kl\b_ fZe_gvdh]h fZevqbdZ ih imklugghc d\Zjlbj_  IhdZ ]eZaZ IZ\ebdZijb\udZebd kmfjZdmhghklhjh`ghh[hr_e]mklh_[ZjoZl gh_^_j_\h_e__e_ f_jpZxs__ k_j_[jygufb gblyfb dZgbl_ebDZ `^uc rZ`hd fZevqbdZ qmldh hl^Z\Zeky \ _ed_ fy]dbf [mfZ`guf rmfhf \a^jZ]b\Zgb_f rmjrZgb_f oehimr_d lhgqZcrbf a\hghf kl_deygguorZjh\ Ih<DZlZ_\m

;ZjoZlgh_ i_j_g ±k fy]dhcg_`ghcebkl\hc

 FZlj_rdZ ± wlh ^_j_\yggZy dmdeZ ihoh`Zy gZ \Zgvdm \klZgvdm Bah[jZ`Z_l hgZ jmkkdmx dj_klvygkdmx ^_\mrdm <gmljv fZlj_rdb\deZ^u\Zxlg_kdhevdhf_gvrbofZlj_r_djZkiheZ]Zybo ihjhklm FZlj_rdZ\ rZebZeh]hp\_lZklhyeZ gZibkvf_gghfklhe_HgZ [ueZ ]mklh ihdjulZ eZdhf b [e_kl_eZ dZd kl_deyggZy < g_c [ueh kdjulh _s_ iylv fZlj_r_d \ jZaghp\_lguo rZeyo >_j_\_gkdbc fZkl_j gZ]jZ^be fZlj_r_d jmkkdhc djZkhlhckh[hebgufb [jh\yfb b j^_xsbfdZdm]ebjmfygp_f Kbgb_bo]eZaZhgijbdjue^ebggufbj_kgbpZfb IhDIZmklh\kdhfm

>ebggufb    G fZkeygh_ iylgh i_kqZguc [_j_] ]ebgyguc ]hjrhd xgucgZlmjZebkldhfZjbgucmdmklhjnygh_[hehlhjmfygh_ebph furbgZyghjZdh`Zgucihjln_ev\_lj_guc^_gv bkde    GG [_kqbke_ggu_ a\_a^u ^_j_\ygguc klhe bkde  kl_deyg gucrZj bkde qm]mgguc j_evkj_]bkljZpbhgguc ebkldexd\_g guc khd khehf_ggZy djurZ h\qbggZy rm[Z heh\ygguc khe^Zlbd bkde [_a\_lj_gguc^_gv ;Z[mrdZ ihklZ\beZ \ i_qdm ]ebgyguc ]hjrhd GZ ghqgh_ g_[h \ukuiZeb [_kqbke_ggu_ a\_a^u  DmdeZ;mjZlbgh ;mjZlbgh dZd \k_f ba\_klgh ± fZe_gvdbc ^_j_\ygguc q_eh\_ q_dM g_]h^ebggucghkdhlhjucijb^Z_l_fmex[hiulguc\b^M ;mjZlbgh kdeZ^gu_ ^_j_\yggu_ gh`db b jmqdb lh`_ \_kvfZ ^ebg 


gu_H^_l \_k_euc q_eh\_q_d \ [mfZ`gmx djZkgmx dmjlhqdm rlZ gbrdbb kf_rghcihehkZlucdheiZdBgl_j_kghb]jZlvk ;mjZlbgh _keb_klv dmdeu Iv_jhFZev\bgu b ^jm]bo ]_jh_\ ©Ahehlh]h dex qbdZªLh]^Zfh`ghmkljhblvdmdhevgucl_Zlj DZq_kl\fZe_gvdbc^ebggucex[hiulguc\_k_eucdjZkguc kf_rghc Hlghk ^_j_\ygguc kdeZ^gu_ [mfZ`gmx ihehkZluc dmdhev gucahehlhc

 ±D _klvdjZldZynhjfZ\yadbc  hlkmsk hkgh\hcgZ±dqpg_f_pdbcdZaZpdbclmj_pdbc KD g_ldjnhjfug_hlkmsk hkgh\hcgZdqp [_eh jmkkdbc dbj]bakdbc njZgpmakdbc bg^mkkdbc h^_kkdbc fZljhk kdbcmdjZbgkdbc   K_evkdbcZij_evkdbcbxevkdbcn_\jZevkdbc  DZaZgkdbcdm[Zgkdbckb[bjkdbca\_jkdbcyg\Zjkdbc [h]Z lujkdbck_dj_lZjkdbc   Bxgvkdbc k_gly[jvkdbc hdly[jvkdbc ghy[jvkdbc ^_dZ[jv kdbc Yg\Zjkdb_oheh^Zih^hrebd dhgpm

 >_j_\yggufb ba^_ebyfb k\bgph\u_ [_ebeZ j_av[Z ih f_ lZeem mihlj_[blv ^ey jhkibkb xguc `b\hibk_p jZkiheZ]Zlv gZ dZjlhg_ bah[jZablv `b\hlguo \_ebqbghc k hj_o aZ]hj_lv ih^ em qZfb khegpZ \hklhj`_ggh_ hlghr_gb_ d ijhba\_^_gbyf gZjh^guo fZkl_jh\ h[udgh\_gguf j_aphf lZeZgleb\uc om^h`gbd ^_dhjZ lb\gucfZl_jbZeihjZabl_evghcdjZkhlu    >j_\g_jmkkdbc g_nl_gZeb\ghc e_\h[_j_`guc k_evkdh ohayckl\_gguc aZiZ^gh_\jhi_ckdbc qm]mghebl_cguc f_^_ieZ \bevguch[s_kl\_gghihe_aguc   @mjgZevgh]Za_lguc h[s_kl\_gghiheblbq_kdbc p_eexeha gh[mfZ`guc rZofZlghrZr_qgu_ jmkkdhnjZgpmakdbc `_elh djZkgucgZmqghnZglZklbq_kdbc

 K_evkdhohayckl\_gguc k_evkdh_ ohayckl\h  nbabdh fZl_fZlbq_kdbc nbabq_kdbc b fZl_fZlbq_kdbc  jmkkdh Zg]ebckdbc jmkkdbc b Zg]ebckdbc  klZe_ebl_cguc eblv klZev  


kj_^g_\_dh\uc kj_^gb_\_dZ lm]hieZ\dbc lm]hieZ\blky a_e_gh \Zlhk_juc hll_ghdp\_lZ ^_kylbwlZ`guc ^_kylvwlZ`_c iZjh\h ahj_fhglguc j_fhgl iZjh\hah\  x]h\hklhqguc hl x]h\hklhd  ba`_elZdjZkguc hll_ghd p\_lZ  lj_of_ljh\uc ljb f_ljZ  kZ^h \hh]hjh^guc kZ^h\uc b h]hjh^guc  j_evkhijhdZlguc ijhdZl j_evkh\  k_\_jhaZiZ^guc hl k_\_jhaZiZ^  khjhdZdbehf_ljh\uc khjhd dbehf_ljh\  ^j_\g_jmkkdbc >j_\gyy Jmkv  nZ[jbqgh aZ\h^kdhc nZ[jbqgucb aZ\h^kdhc oehiqZlh[mfZ`guc oehiqZlZy [mfZ]Z  ^\modhfgZlguc ^\_ dhfgZlu  qm]mghebl_cguc eblv qm ]mg   @_elha_e_guc ba`_elZa_e_guc a_e_gh`_eluc [_eh kbgbc kbg_[_euc bkkbgy[_euc djZkgh[_euc [_ehdjZkguc k\_lehnbhe_lh\uc l_fgh]hem[hc [e_^ghkbgbc yjdhjhah\uc l_fghdZrlZgh\uc  L_fghdhjbqg_\ucl_fgh\hehkucq_jgh[_eucq_jgh[jh \uc[_eh[jh\uckbg_a_e_guckbg_]eZauca_e_gh]eZaucdjZkgh kbgbcdjZkghghkuckbg_ghkuc[_ehjhah\ucjhah\h[_euc

 ,   <h^hijh\h^guc k_evkdhohayckl\_gguc iZjhoh^guc l_ieh\haguc\_jlhe_lguce_^hdhevguc   K\_leh]hem[hc [Z]jh\hdjZkguc l_fghdZrlZgh\uc k_j_[ jbklh[_eucbkkbgya_e_guc ,,K\_lhqm\kl\bl_evgZy[mfZ]Zi_j\hhq_j_^gh_^_eh^\_gZ^pZ lbwlZ`gh_ a^Zgb_ jZ\ghklhjhggbc fgh]hm]hevgbd iylblhfgh_ kh [jZgb_khqbg_gbcieh^h\hy]h^gu_ dmevlmjuqm]mghebl_cguc aZ \h^ k_^h\hehkZy `_gsbgZ rbjhdhie_qbc fm`qbgZ kZgblZjgh ]b]b_gbq_kdb_ lj_[h\Zgby ibkq_[mfZ`gh_ ijhba\h^kl\h k_fgZ ^pZlbe_lgyy^_\mrdZ

 I_j_\h^gu_keh\Zjb Keh\Zjb\ dhlhjuokj_^kl\Zfbjh^gh]hyaudZh[tykgyxlkykeh \Zqm`h]hyaudZ b gZh[hjhl gZau\Zxlkyi_j_\h^gufbHgbfh]ml [ulv dZd ^\myauqgufblZd b fgh]hyauqgufbGZijbf_j i_j_\h^ gufb keh\Zjyfb y\eyxlky jmkkdhZg]ebckdbc keh\Zjv g_f_pdh jmkkdbckeh\ZjvjmkkdhnjZgpmakdbckeh\Zjvq_rkdhjmkkdbckeh \Zjvb ^jm]b_ 


 Lbil_dklZÂąhibkZgb_  Khegp_ \u]eygmeh ^Z\gh gZ jZkqbs_gghf g_[_ b `b\bl_ev guf l_iehl\hjguf k\_lhf k\hbf h[ebeh kl_iv Kl_iv q_f ^Ze__ l_fklZgh\beZkvij_djZkg__<kyih\_joghklva_febij_^klZ\eyeZkv a_e_ghahehluf hd_Zghf ih dhlhjhfm [juagmeb fbeebhgu jZaguo p\_lh\  <_q_jhf \ky kl_iv kh\_jr_ggh i_j_f_gyeZkv <k_ i_kljh_ ijhkljZgkl\h__ho\Zlu\Zehkvihke_^gbfyjdbfhl[e_kdhfkhegpZ b ihkl_i_gghl_fg_ehlZdqlh\b^gh[uehdZdl_gvi_j_[_]ZeZih g_fm b hgZ klZgh\beZkv l_fgha_e_ghx bkiZj_gby ih^ufZebkv ]ms_ dZ`^uc p\_lhd dZ`^Zy ljZ\dZ bkimkdZeZ Zf[jm b \ky kl_iv dmjbeZkv [eZ]h\hgb_f Ih g_[m ba]hem[Zl_fghfm dZd [m^lh bk ihebgkdhx dbklvx gZeyiZgu [ueb rbjhdb_ ihehku ba jhah\h]h ahehlZbaj_^dZ[_e_ebdehdZfbe_]db_b ijhajZqgu_h[eZdZ  >bdlZgl

  ijbklZ\hqguc^hkjhqguc[_kihe_agucg_kihkh[guc  kmnnbdkZevguck_j_[jyguckl_deygguc bkde ]hem[bguc fZljhkkdbc   ijbklZ\hqghkmnnbdkZevguc g_ijbdhkgh\_gguc g_khfg_g gucg_ba[_`guc   keh`_gb_ rbjhdhie_qbc ieh^h\hy]h^guc km^hj_fhglguc ^\molhfguc

 Hkgh\gZyfukevgZ^h[_j_qvijb]hjh^gu_e_kZ E_k jZkiheh`_gguc \[ebab [hevrh]h ]hjh^Z kljZ^Z_l hl \u lZilu\ZgbyIhjhc\ [hjmklhylh^gbebrvklZju_khkgu: \gbam g_lgb fheh^h]h^_j_\pZgb a_e_gh]hfoZgb ljZ\uB m`dhg_q gh g_ gZc^_rv a^_kv [_eh]h ]jb[Z GZ l_fghk_jhf ]jmgl_ ihoh `_f gZ ZknZevl mljZf[h\Zgghf q_eh\_q_kdbfb gh]Zfb g_ jZkl_l gbq_]h Fh`gh h]hjZ`b\Zlv [hevrb_ mqZkldb e_kZ ij_^hklZ\eyy ]m eyxsbf^hjh`dbdZd\ iZjd_©Kdmqgh`_lZdª±\hkdebpZ_lbghc lmjbklba ©^bdZj_cª: \_k_eh eb]meylv ihZkib^ghq_jghfm ©e_k ghfmZknZevlmªgZdhlhjhfebrv`_elZyhiZ\rZyo\hy^Zh[ju\db [mfZ]bb [mluehqgu_hkdhedb" 


  dhehgdZ dh`Zguc a\_jbguc h[udgh\_gguc ohesh\uc dbj]bakdbc dhehgdZih[hevrhc^hjh]_k ohjhr_c^h[uq_chk_gg_ck\_ `_klby[ehg_\h]hkZ^Z  dhehgdZ ^j_\g_jmkkdbc \Z]hghj_fhglguc lj_owlZ`guc k_evkdhohayckl\_gguc dhehgdZk\_leha_e_gucx]h\hklhqguckeZ^dhkhe_gucnb abdhfZl_fZlbq_kdbc

 >bdlZgl  K_dj_luohoehfkdhcjhkibkb >_j_\yggu_ hlghkbl  eh`db ohoehfkdZy hlghkbl  jhkibkv ieZf_ggZy hlghkbl ohoehfZklZjbggh_ dZq_kl\ k_eh^jZ]hp_g gh]h hlghkbl  f_lZeeZ Zexfbgb_\uf hlghkbl  ihjhrdhf \ ]h jyqmx dZq_kl\ i_qvk_j_[jyguc hlghkbl p\_l FZkl_jyl ijh^Z\Zeb ]hjyl k\_jdZxl \ulhqZl gZlbjZxl ki_ dZxlkyklZgh\ylky\u]ey^blaZij_^_eZfb >Ze_dh aZ ij_^_eZfb gZr_c Jh^bgu ba\_klgZ ieZf_ggZy ohoeh fZ Ih\_kl\g_\hkdeijhklh_jZkijhklj

 J_av[Zih^_j_\m±klZjbggucgZjh^gucijhfuk_eBa^_j_ \Zba]hlh\eyxlihkm^mfbkdbdh\rbq_jiZdbb eh`db>eyj_av[u bkihevamxlky jZaghh[jZagu_ bgkljmf_glu gh`b ijyfu_ b ihem djm]eu_klZf_kdbKZfh_fy]dh_b m^h[gh_^eyj_av[u^_j_\h±eb iZ EbiZ g_ jZkkeZb\Z_lky gZ hl^_evgu_ \hehdgZ g_ djhrblky Ba ebih\uo ^hkhd fh`gh kha^Z\Zlv j_ev_ngu_ iZggh ba fZe_gvdbo qmj[Zqdh\±eh`db  mklgh

 <oh^ylk_fv[h]Zluj_ck_fvjmfyguomkZq_cK i_j\h ]h s_edZ iju]gme ihi ^h ihlhedZ kh \lhjh]h s_edZ ebrbeky ihi yaudZZ klj_lv_]h s_edZ\urb[ehmfm klZjbdZ Ljb^_\bpu ih^hdghfijyebiha^gh\_q_jdhf< lj_lbc jZa aZdbgmehgg_\h^ijbr_eg_\h^k h^ghcju[dhcLjb ±g_q_lgh_ qbkehK_fvb q_luj_ ±h^bggZ^pZlv ,Jmfyguo±ijbeZ]MkZq_c dZdbo" jmfyguoGn±jmfyguo ,,Ihkl±dZq_kl\g_ihkl±iheg\ Jifgq ,,,MkZq_c dZdbo" jmfyguo 


 Bfykms^\hcgbd^\hcdZ ©ljhcdZªiylZdiyl_jgyiylb deZkkgbd BfyijbeZ]lj_of_klgucklhe_lgbciylbwlZ`guc Bfyqbkeblljbklhiylvkhluciyluc =eZ]hem^\hblvmljhblv

 KZfufb \ukhdbfb jZkl_gbyfb y\eyxlky Z\kljZebckdb_ w\ dZebilu Hgb ^hklb]Zxl klZ iylb^_kylb f_ljh\ ?ev \ujZklZ_l ^h r_klb^_kylbf_ljh\khkgZ±^hkhjhdZ\hkvfbf_ljh\;_j_adZ[u \Z_l\ukhlhchdhehljb^pZlbr_klbf_ljh\Z ^m[±^h^\Z^pZlbiy lb f_ljh\ ;h]Zl b jZaghh[jZa_g fbj `b\hc ijbjh^u b q_eh\_d ^he`_g[_j_qv_]h  JZkibkdZ Fghx bfy nZfbeby \ l\ i  mq_gbdhf  : deZkkZ \aylu gZ \j_f_ggh_ihevah\Zgb_ ^\_ iZjueu`b  h^gZ iZjZdhgvdh\ n_\jZey] Ih^ibkv

  Klhh^bggZ^pZlvk_fb^_kyluch^bgljbkhjhdr_klv ^_kyl^_\ylgZ^pZlucljbklZ   LjbklZ iylv^_kyl k_^vfhc lukyqZ ^_\ylvkhl \hk_fv^_kyl \h k_fv LjbklZ iylv^_kyl k_^vfhc j_ck lukyqZ ^_\ylvkhl \hk_fv^_kyl \hk_fve_l  GZa\Zgby lhqgh]h dhebq_kl\Z h[uqgh mihlj_[eyxlky \ gZ mqghfb hnbpbZevgh^_eh\hfklbeyoj_qb >_kylv ij B i  ^g_c ± ^g_c ^_kylv B i  ± hdheh ^_kylb J i ^g_c Klh^\Z^pZlv khklBi rZ]h\±rZ]h\klh^\Z^pZlv Bi  Iylvlukyq khklBi ±lukyqiylv Bi ±hdhehiylblukyq Ji  R_klvkhl ijBi lhgg±lhggr_klvkhl Bi ±hdhehr_klb khl Ji lhgg >\Z ijBi ]h^Z±]h^Z^\Z Bi ±hdheh^\mo Ji e_l RZ]h\±rZ]h\ >r@±kh]e]emol\ >Z@±]eZkg[_am^ 


>]@±kh]ea\l\ >h@±]eZkgm^ >n@±kh]e]emol\ [a\ , Hdheh ^\mo±qbkebl Kdhevdh" hdheh^\moGn±^\Z ,,Ihkl±ijhkldhebqp_eh_g_ihkl±\ Ji ,,, Kdhevdh" hdheh^\mo

 GZk_e_gb_A_febjZkl_l < k_j_^bg_k_fgZ^pZlh]h \_dZgZk_e_gb_a_fgh]hrZjZkhklZ\ey eh \k_]h ebrv iylvkhl khjhd iylv fbeebhgh\ q_eh\_d Jh\gh q_j_a klhe_l hghm\_ebqbehkv^hk_fbkhl^\Z^pZlbiylbfbeebhgh\?s_ q_j_aklhe_lb_gZk_e_gb_A_febi_j_\Zebehq_j_afbeebZj^ b klZeh jZ\gylvky h^ghfm fbeebZj^m klZ k_fb^_kylb h^ghfm fbeebhgm q_ eh\_d < k_j_^bg_^\Z^pZlh]h \_dZhgh^hklb]eh^\mofbeebZj^h\iylb khlk_fgZ^pZlbfbeebhgh\ Ihijh]ghaZfmq_guod ^\_lukyqbiylhfm]h^mgZk_e_gb_A_f eb^hklb]g_lk_fbfbeebZj^h\q_eh\_d L_dklgZibkZg\ gZmqghfklbe_

,Q_eh\_d±kmsFbeebhgm dh]h" q_eh\_dGn±q_eh\_d ,,Ihkl±gZjbph^mrfj_ kdeg_ihkl±\ Ji_^q ,,,KlZehjZ\gylvky q_fm" fbeebZj^mfbeebhgmq_eh\_d   <hk_fv^_\ylgZ^pZlvljb^pZlvkl_iv  Ibkvfhmf_gvrbflhgvr_ijhkv[Z  Dhgqblkf_gsbd[mehqgZy

 Ilbpu±\_jgu_gZrbihfhsgbdbaZsblgbdbgZrboe_ kh\ihe_ckZ^h\h]hjh^h\ <hk_fv lukyq iylvkhl jZaguo \b^h\ ilbpgZA_fe_Bagbok_fvkhlk_fv^_kyl`b\mlm gZk<hjhg`b \_lk_fv^_kyle_lF_edb_ilbqdb`b\mlq_luj_^_kylve_l\hjh guyklj_[ukhdheu±^\Z^pZlvljb^pZlve_lHjeunbebgue_[_ ^b ± iylv^_kylr_klv^_kyl e_l  Ilbpu hq_gv ijh`hjeb\u AZ f_kyp klZy kd\hjph\ fh`_l kt_klv klh lhgg kZjZgqb =jZq aZ jZa ijbghkbl il_gpZf ^h k_fb^_kylb ]mk_gbp FZe_gvdbc \hjh[vbguc kuqbdh^gZ`^uaZiZk\ ^mie_\hk_fv^_kylr_klvfur_cihe_\hdb a_fe_jh_d 


 >_\ylvkhl k_fv^_kyl \hk_fvkhl r_klvkhl iylv^_kyl

\havfb ihfhsgbd q_lujvfy ibkvfh k_^vfhc ihevaZ gygqblvky dhqdZ f_gvr_ dZf_gsbd k_ev^v \kdhevav ihqdZ \hkvfhc

 L_dklhlghkblkyd gZmqghfmklbex Dgb]hi_qZlZgb_±^\_jv\ fbjagZgbc < r_klgZ^pZlhf\_d_ihke_\hagbdgh\_gbydgb]hi_qZlZgbyb ih y\e_gbyi_j\hci_qZlghcdgb]bB\ZgZN_^hjh\Z\ Jhkkbb[ueh\u ims_gh^hdhgpZklhe_lbyg_[he__iylb^_kylbgZbf_gh\Zgbcdgb] Z k_fgZ^pZlhf\_d_±hdheh lukyqb\ \hk_fgZ^pZlhf ±iylgZ^pZlv lukyq\ ^_\ylgZ^pZlhf±^hiylbkhllukyqgZbf_gh\Zgbc DZ`^ucq_l\_jlucwda_fieyjdgb]\uimkdZ_fuol_i_jv\h\k_f fbj_±wlhdgb]Zba^ZggZy\ gZr_ckljZg_FbjagZgbcb ^moh\guo [h]Zlkl\rbjhdhjZkdjueky^ey\k_o Ih?Ebol_grl_cgm

,Ihy\e_gby±kms<uims_gh ihke_q_]h" ihke_ihy\e_gbyG n±ihy\e_gb_ ,,Ihkl±gZjbpg_h^mrkjjgZ±b_g_ihkl±\ Ji_^q ,,,<uims_gh ihke_q_]h" ihke_ihy\e_gby Dgb]hi_qZlZgby   dhehgdZ k_fgZ^pZlv jm[e_c ljbgZ^pZlv ihoh^h\ ^\Z ^pZlv ^\Z ]jZ^mkZ \hk_fv ]jmr ^_kylv rdhevgbdh\ \hk_fgZ^pZlv dZjZg^Zr_c  dhehgdZ h^gZ iylZy kZ^Z ^\_ ^_kyluo mjh`Zy iylv k_^vfuo f_ljZljbq_l\_jluoimlbh^gZlj_lvy[ehdZiylv\hkvfuolZdlZ 


 dhehgdZ ljh_ kmlhd q_l\_jh fZeur_c ^\h_ hqdh\ k_f_jh kf_evqZdh\iyl_jhj_[yl

 Wlbij_^eh`_gbyg_evaygZa\Zlvl_dklhfihlhfmqlhg_\k_ bagbok\yaZguh[s_cl_fhc jZkkdZau\Zxlh <he]_hklZev gu_±gZ^jm]mxl_fm

Ih^ebg_±ljblukyqbr_klvkhl\hk_fv^_kyldbehf_ljh\ p

± <he]Z aZgbfZ_l i_j\h_ f_klh kj_^b j_d ?\jhiu  R_klv^_kyl iylvfbeebhgh\ p ]_dlZjh\ a_f_evjZkiZoZgh\ [Zkk_cg_<he]b GZ fhjkdb_ jm[_`b ijboh^blky hdheh ^\mo lj_l_c ^ h[s_c ijh ly`_gghklb]jZgbpgZr_ckljZguIhh[_bfklhjhgZf ijhklbjZ xlkyjhkdhrgu_em]Z>\h_ k ]_heh]h\k_f_jh k kmlhdrebih lZc]_ , GZ  fhjkdb_ ± ijbeZ] GZ jm[_`b dZdb_"  fhjkdb_ G n ± fhjkdhc ,,Ihkl±hlghkblg_ihkl±\ <ifgq ,,,GZjm[_`b dZdb_" fhjkdb_

 Fuk ijbyl_e_f\^\h_faZf_qZl_evgh `b\_fFu bf__f ih dZjfZgZf ^\_ < i  j_abgdb ^\Z < i  djxqdZ ^\_ < i

[hevrbokl_deygguoijh[db^\mo <i `mdh\\ h^ghc Ii dh jh[d_^\Z <i ly`_euoiylZqdZFu`b\_f\ h^ghc Ii d\Zj lbj_\k_khk_^bagZxlgZkLhevdhfg_a\hgblvq_luj_ <i Z _fm ^\_gZ^pZlv <i jZa KFboZedh\ >\mfy Li eh`dZfbdZrm g_ _^yl  GZ ^\mo I i  ydhjyo dhjZ[ev dj_iq_ ^_j`blky  Ba lj_o Ji fbgmlq_luj_ <i g_k^_eZ_rvDhgvh q_luj_o I i gh]Zo^ZkihludZ_lky DZq_kl\_ggu_ijbeZ]Zl_evgu_[hevrboly`_euo  M r_klb J d r_klb > r_klvx L m h^bggZ^pZlb J  d h^bggZ^pZlb > h^bggZ^pZlvx L m r_klgZ^pZlb J d r_kl gZ^pZlb >  r_klgZ^pZlvx L  m ^\Z^pZlb lj_o J  d ^\Z^pZlb lj_f >  ^\Z^pZlvx lj_fy L  m iehsZ^b J  d iehsZ^b >  iehsZ^vxm f_klghklb J d f_klghklb > f_klghklvxm f_l_eb J d f_l_eb > f_l_evx L  D r_klb qZkZf \k_ kh[jZebkv m rdheu < k_dpbx ijbgbfZeb k h^bggZ^pZlbe_lD r_klgZ^pZlb]h^Zfluihmfg__rv 


 D h^bggZ^pZlbijb[Z\blvk_fv±\hk_fgZ^pZlvHl\h k_fgZ^pZlbhlgylv^\_gZ^pZlv±r_klvBa\hk_fgZ^pZlb\uq_klv r_klv±^\_gZ^pZlvD k_fgZ^pZlbijb[Z\blvljb±^\Z^pZlvK ^_\ylvxkeh`blv^_kylv±^_\ylgZ^pZlvK \hk_fvxkeh`blv^\_ gZ^pZlv±^\Z^pZlvHl^_\ylgZ^pZlbhlgylviylv±q_lujgZ^pZlv D r_klgZ^pZlbijb[Z\blvh^bggZ^pZlv±^\Z^pZlv k_fv K iy lvx keh`blv q_luj_ ± ^_\ylv  Kdhevdh jZa ljbgZ^pZlv kh^_j `blky\ ljb^pZlb^_\ylb"Ljb  Fh_ck_klj_ljbgZ^pZlve_lFh_fm[jZlmq_luj_]h^Z GZrkhk_^ m_oZe\ DZaZoklZg gZljb ]h^ZGZr khk_^ ijh[ue \ DZ aZoklZg_k_fve_lQ_j_aiylve_lfg_[m^_lk_fgZ^pZlve_lQ_j_a q_luj_]h^ZfZf_[m^_lljb^pZlv\hk_fve_l

 :\lhfh[bevhklZgh\beky\ klZf_ljZohl]ZjZ`Z;b^hg k ^_\yghklZebljZfbfhehdZklhye\ dmah\_fZrbguBaklZeu` h^gZ [ueZ k g_[hevrbf [jZdhf  < khjhdZ khqbg_gbyo mqZsboky r_kluo deZkkh\ gZr_c rdheu ihqlb g_ [ueh hrb[hd \ mihlj_[e_ gbbnhjfkeh\ HklZgh\beky ±klZlv\klZlvklZgh\blvkyhklZgh\dZ  Iylvx^_kylvx \uklmie_gbyfb k_fvx^_kylvx dhgp_jlZfb lj_fyklZfb i_kgyfb r_klvxklZfb mqbebsZfb k_fvxklZfb l_Zl jZfb Iylv^_kyl 

 G_l q_luj_oklZ r_klb^_kylb q_luj_o dhg\_jlh\ J  q_ lujvfyklZfb r_klvx^_kylvx q_lujvfy dhg\_jlZfb L  d ^_\ygh klZ\hkvfb\_ehkbi_^Zf > ^_\yghklZ\hk_fvx\_ehkbi_^Zfb L  g_lk_fbklZiylbkhlk_fbdZkljxev J h k_fbklZoiylb^_kylbk_fb dZkljxeyo I d iylbklZfiylb^_kylbk_fbfhlhpbdeZf > h iy lbklZoiylb^_kylbk_fbfhlhpbdeZo I  Ihq_fm\ wlhciZjlbblh\ZjZg_^hklZ_lk_fbklZiylbkhlk_fbdZ kljxev"



 BihelhjZklZf_ljh\ihelhjZklZdbeh]jZffh\ Jg_lihemlhjZklZf_ljh\ihemlhjZklZdbeh]jZffh\ >d ihemlhjZklZf_ljZfihemlhjZklZdbeh]jZffZf <ihelhjZklZf_ljh\ihelhjZklZdbeh]jZffh\


LihemlhjZklZf_ljZfbihemlhjZklZdbeh]jZffZfb Ih ihemlhjZklZf_ljZoh ihemlhjZklZdbeh]jZffZo BihelhjZdbeh]jZffZihelhjufbgmlu Jg_lihemlhjZdbeh]jZffh\ihemlhjZfbgml >d ihemlhjZdbeh]jZffZfihemlhjZfbgmlZf <ihelhjZdbeh]jZffZihelhjufbgmlu LihemlhjZdbeh]jZffZfbihemlhjZfbgmlZfb Ih ihemlhjZdbeh]jZffZoh ihemlhjZfbgmlZo Ijb[Z\vl_ d ihemlhjZ dbeh]jZffZf h]mjph\ _s_ ihedbeh GZf gm`ghijh[_`ZlvihelhjZklZf_ljh\gZ\j_fy  Baeh`_gb_

 D \hkvfbp_euflj_fq_l\_jlufijb[Z\blvh^gmq_l\_jlmx D q_luj_fp_euf h^ghc lj_lv_c ijb[Z\blv ^\ZD h^ghc p_ehc q_ luj_fr_klufijb[Z\lvljbr_kluoD k_fbp_euf^_\ylb^_kyluf ijb[Z\blvghevp_euoljb^pZlvljbkhluoD iylb^_kylbp_eufk_ fb^_kylufijb[Z\blv^_\ylv

 Kh[jZebkvhebfibckdb_q_fibhgu±`b\hlgu_b q_eh\_d± b mkljhbebf_`^m kh[hc khklyaZgb_ ih iju`dZf \ ^ebgmIh[_^be d_g]mjm ± hg iju]gme gZ ^\_gZ^pZlv p_euo \hk_fv ^_kyluo f_ljZ <lhjuf [ue he_gv k j_amevlZlhf ^\_gZ^pZlv p_euo ^\_ ^_kyluo f_ljZIhq_lgh_lj_lv_f_klhaZgye]_iZj^±_]hj_amevlZlkhklZ\be ^_\ylvp_euoiylgZ^pZlvkhluof_ljZQ_eh\_dhdZaZekyq_l\_jluf ±\hk_fvp_euo^_\ylv^_kyluof_ljZIylhc[ueZkh[ZdZ±k_fvp_ euo r_klv ^_kyluo f_ljZZ aZ g_c ey]mrdZ ±ljb p_euo ^_\yghklh iylvkhluof_ljZ  >\_klb p_glg_jh\ q_luj_klZ ]_dlZjh\ k ^_\yghklZ k_dmg ^ZfbljbklZ dbehf_ljh\fbeebhg wda_fieyjh\dgb]fbeebZj^ im ^h\ a_jgZ ^\_klb h[s_kl\_gguo ]ZjZ`_c h^bggZ^pZlv ieZ\Zl_ev guo[Zkk_cgh\

 G_l k_f_juo dhgvdh[_`p_\ J  k_f_jufb dhgvdh[_`pZfb L d iyl_juflh\ZjbsZf > h iyl_juolh\ZjbsZo I g_lq_l\_ juo\_ehkbi_^bklh\ J d q_l\_juf\_ehkbi_^bklZf > ^\hbffh lhpbdebklZf L h ^\hbofhlhpbdebklZo I ljhbfbebkylZfb L  h lhboebkylZo I g_lk_f_juodhaeyl J d k_f_jufdhaeylZf >  


Ijbr_e \hed d k_f_juf dhaeylZf b gZqZe i_lv ih^ hdghf lh g_gvdbf]hehkdhf GZklZjl\urehq_l\_jh\_ehkbi_^bklh\

 Ljh_^jma_ckh[bjZebkv\ dbghghboieZguj_adhbaf_gb ebkv >\h_ mq_gbdh\ gZqZeb kihjblv b ^_eh qmlv [ueh g_ dhgqbehkv ^jZdhc AZk_]h^gyrgbc^_gvijh^Zghq_l\_jh[jxd Kms_kl\bl_evgu_ `_gkdh]h jh^Z g_ khq_lZxlky k kh[bjZl_ev gufbqbkebl_evgufb

 Ih^hjh]_\ ebp_cy \klj_lbe^\hbofm`qbgb ^\mo`_g sbg  ;mjy [mr_\ZeZ m`_ q_l\_jh kmlhd  Y ^jm`m k ljhbfb fZevqbdZfbb lj_fy^_\hqdZfbHohlgbdbae_kmijbg_kq_l\_juo \heqZl  >_j`Zlv h[_bfb jmdZfb ijbdj_iblv d h[hbf [hlbgdZf ^_j`ZlvkyaZh[ZdhgpZijbeh`blvd h[hbfmrZf >_j`bkv aZ h[Z dhgpZ \_j_\db Ijbeh`b gZmrgbdb d h[hbf mrZflh]^Z[m^_lkl_j_hwnn_dl

 H[_rdhevgbpuh[_kbjhlub h[Zkbjhluh[Zr_klbdeZkk gbdZ h[Z a^Zgby ^\_ rdhevgbpu ^\h_ rdhevgbdh\ ^\h_ kbjhl b ^\_kbjhlu^\h_r_klbdeZkkgbdh\^\h_kmlhd^\Za^Zgbyljbdhk lxfZljh_rdhevgbdh\ljbr_klbdeZkkgbpuljh_kZg_c

 Ijb[u\Zlvd klZgpbbij_[u\ZlvgZ\hdaZe_ijbkh_^bgblv kyd ijh\h`Zxsbf gZ h^bggZ^pZlhc k_dmg^_gZ \hkvfhc ieZlnhj f_ jZkiheh`blvky gZ i_jjhg_ h iZkkZ`bjkdhf ih_a^_ lh\Zjguc khklZ\gZk_^vfhfimlbijbdhkgmlvkyd nmjZ`d_kb]gZe^_`mjgh ]h\hclb\ \Z]hg\ha\jZlblvky\ dhgp_f_kypZ  H ieZ\Zl_evghf [Zkk_cg_ ieZ\Zl_evguf [Zkk_cghf ljb ^pZlmxk_dmg^mljb^pZlhck_dmg^hc h ^\Z^pZlv iylhf dbehf_lj_ ^\Z^pZlviylufdbehf_ljhf]Zj_\mx^hjh`dmh ]Zj_\hc^hjh`d_

 LjbklZr_klb^_kylh]hkZglbf_ljZh lukyqZ\hk_fvkhlljb ^pZlhfdbeh]jZff_m k_fv^_kyl\hkvfh]hfbeebf_ljZh ^\mokhlhf eblj_ [_a k_fvkhl \hk_fv^_kyl lj_lv_]h ]jZffZ lj_ofbeebhggh]h dbehf_ljZh q_luj_klZkhjhdq_l\_jlhfp_glg_j_^_\ylgZ^pZlvlu 


kyq k_fvkhl k_fv^_kyl k_^vfh]h im^Z \hkvfblukyqgh]h ]_dlZjZ ^\mokhlh]hj_dhj^Zh ^\mofbeebZj^ghfdbehf_lj_

 < lukyqZ ^\_klb khjhdh\hf ]h^m k lukyqZ ^\_klb khjhd lj_lv_]hihlukyqZq_luj_klZ\hkvfb^_kyluc]h^\hkvfh]hk_gly[ jylukyqZljbklZ\hkvfb^_kylh]h]h^Z\ lukyqZr_klvkhl^\_gZ^pZ lhf ]h^m ^\_gZ^pZlh]h bxey lukyqZ \hk_fvkhl ^\_gZ^pZlh]h ]h^Z q_lujgZ^pZlh]h ^_dZ[jy lukyqZ \hk_fvkhl ^\_gZ^pZlh]h ]h^Z ^\Z ^pZlh\lhjh]hbxgylukyqZ^_\ylvkhlkhjhd i_j\h]h ]h^Z^_\ylh]h fZylukyqZ^_\ylvkhlkhjhdiylh]h]h^Z

 Fuiha^jZ\eyebfZfb [Z[mr_dk ijZa^gbdhf<hkvfh_fZj lZFuih^]hlh\bebebl_jZlmjghfmaudZevgmxdhfihabpbxdh^gx K_^vfh_yg\Zjy d Jh`^_kl\m D agZf_gZl_evghc ^Zl_ >_\ylh_ fZy fujZahkeZeb\_l_jZgZfijb]eZr_gbygZgZrdhgp_jl F_`^m\lhjufb ^_kylufyg\Zjym gZk[uebabfgb_dZgbdmeuK ^\Z^pZlvq_l\_jlh]hfZjlZihi_j\h_Zi_jeyfuhiylvhl^uoZ_f  mklgh

 < iylgbpm fZjlZ\ nbadmevlmjghf aZe_ khklhblky k[hj mqZklgbdh\ lmjbklbq_kdh]h ke_lZ GZqZeh \  qZkh\ Ijhkv[Z g_ hiZa^u\Zlv Lmjdem[

 Kh\j_f_ggu_Hebfibckdb_b]juijh\h^ylkyk dhgpZ^_ \ylgZ^pZlh]h \_dZ  < ^\Z^pZlv q_l\_jluo e_lgbo Hebfibckdbo b]jZo\ K_me_ lukyqZ^_\ylvkhl\hk_fv^_kyl\hkvfhc]h^ mqZkl\h \Zeh hdheh ^_kylb lukyq kihjlkf_gh\  >_\ylgZ^pZlu_ abfgb_ Hebfibckdb_ b]ju khklhylky \ ^\_ lukyqb \lhjhf ]h^m \ ]hjh^_ KhelE_cd Kblb  Keh\h ŠhebfibZ^Zª \ agZq_gbb Škhj_\gh\Zgb_ redhevgbdh\ihlhfmbebbghfmij_^f_lmªihy\behkv\ lukyqZ^_ \ylvkhlljb^pZlvq_l\_jlhf]h^mFbeebhgu kihjlkf_gh\ mqZkl \mxl\ khj_\gh\Zgbyo  Iju]Zlv q_j_a dhaeZ \uklmiZlv k e_glhc hl`Zlvky gZ [jmkvyo \jZsZlvky gZ i_j_deZ^bg_ ]bfgZkldZ ]bfgZkl hebfibc kdZyk[hjgZyhiulguclj_g_jjhkkbckdbo]bfgZklh\ MihjgZy]bfgZkldZ\ lj_lbcjZa mqZkl\m_l\ q_fibhgZl_fbjZ b [hj_lky aZ i_j\h_ f_klh b fu \_jbf \ __ ih[_^m GZ lj_gbjh\d_ 


h^bgba]bfgZklh\^\Z^pZlvjZahl`ZekygZ[jmkvyoZ ^jm]hciylgZ ^pZlv jZa iju]gme q_j_a dhaeZ b ^he]h \jZsZeky gZ i_j_deZ^bg_ HebfibckdZy k[hjgZy ih kihjlb\ghc ]bfgZklbd_ ^_kyluc jZa mqZ kl\m_l\ HebfibZ^_b gZrbkihjlkf_guh[uqgheb^bjmxlb kh[b jZxl kZfuc [hevrhc Šmjh`Zcª f_^Ze_c Hiulguc lj_g_j jhkkbc kdbo ]bfgZklh\ m\_j_g \ mki_o_ kihjlkf_gh\ gZ ij_^klhys_c hebfibZ^_ ihlhfm qlh mihjgu_ lj_gbjh\db b ihklhyggu_ mijZ` g_gbyg_fh]mlg_ijbg_klbmki_oZ  IhjZ^bhi_j_^ZebŠFhkdh\kdh_\j_fy\hk_fgZ^pZlvqZkh\ ^_kylv fbgmlª FZfZ djbdgmeZ ŠIhjZ ^hfhc M`_ ^_kylv fbgml k_^vfh]hª >hihegbl_evgh_ \j_fy nml[hebklZf [ueh ^Zgh \ ^\Z ^pZlvqZkh\iylv^_kylk_fvfbgmlY e_]\ ihkl_evb \a]eygmegZqZ ku[_alj_ofbgml^_\ylvY ijbr_ed rdhe_hdheh^\moMqbl_ev gbpZkljh]hkdZaZeZŠQlh[u[_aq_l\_jlb^\Z\k_[ueb\ k[hj_ª< ijh]jZff_ l_e_i_j_^Zq [ueh gZibkZgh qlh wlhl nbevf gZqg_lky \ ljbgZ^pZlvqZkh\khjhdiylvfbgml , >\Z^pZlv ¹ qbkebl >Zgh dh]^Z"  \ ^\Z^pZlv qZkh\  G n ¹ ^\Z^pZlv ,,Ihkl¹ijhkldhebqp_eh_g_ihkl¹\ <i ,,,>Zgh dh]^Z" \ ^\Z^pZlv qZkh\  , Hdheh  ^\mo ¹ qbkebl Ijbr_e dh]^Z"  hdheh ^\mo G n ¹ ^\Z ,,Ihkl¹ijhkldhebqp_eh_g_ihkl¹\ Ji ,,,Ijbr_e dh]^Z" hdheh^\mo

 Hkgh\gZy fukev l_dklZ :jdlbdZ bf__l fgh]h bgl_j_kguo hkh[_gghkl_c iheyjguc ^_gv b iheyjgZy ghqv  hgZ ^Z\gh hk\h_gZ jmkkdbfbfhj_oh^Zfb < FmjfZgkd_ bkoh^ghf imgdl_ K_\_jgh]h fhjkdh]h imlb ih eyjgZyghqv^eblkykhjhdkmlhdiheyjguc^_gvÂąiylv^_kyl\hk_fv gZ fuk_ Q_exkdbgZ Âą kZfhc k_\_jghc lhqd_ fZl_jbdZ Âą ijh^he`b l_evghklv iheyjghc ghqb klh k_fv kmlhd iheyjgh]h ^gy Âą klh ^\Z ^pZlv ljb gZ K_\_jghf ihexk_ iheyjgZy ghqv b iheyjguc ^_gv ^eylkyijb[ebabl_evghihihe]h^Z  >bdlZgl




 IeZg Bfyqbkebl_evgh_dZdqZklvj_qbDhebq_kl\_ggu_b ihjy^dh \u_qbkebl_evgu_ Ijhklu_b khklZ\gu_qbkebl_evgu_ Dhebq_kl\_ggu_qbkebl_evgu_ Z p_eu_ [ ^jh[gu_ \ kh[bjZl_evgu_ Ihjy^dh\u_qbkebl_evgu_bokdehg_gb_ Fhjnheh]bq_kdbcjZa[hjbf_gbqbkebl_evgh]h

 Klbev±om^h`_kl\_gguc k we_f_glZfbgZmqgh]h  K_fv^_kyl\hk_fv^_kyljZa\ fbgmlmq_luj_klZr_klv^_kyljZa ijb l_fi_jZlmj_ ljb^pZlv k_fv b iylv khjhd ^\Z ]jZ^mkZ khjhd iylv]jZ^mkh\  mklgh

  Y B  mkeuoZe k_]h^gy i_j\uc ]jhf hg B  \ ihe^_gv ijh]j_f_ebalmqdbfZehcY B ijbr_ed l_[_ > k ijb\_lhf jZkkdZaZlvqlhkhegp_ \klZehqlhhgh B ]hjyqbf k\_lhf ih ebk lZfaZlj_i_lZehK\_leZdZd^_lkdbc\ahjj_dZb \_l\bb\kdeh gbebkvd g_c > <k_qZs_kgblkyfg_ > fhcdhjZ[_evguc[hj < gZ]hjghc\urbg_jZkdbgmehg B rZl_j < gZ]hjghc

 K a_feb _s_ g_ khr_e kg_] Z \ ^mrm m`_ ijhkblky \_kgZ Ih\_kl\g_\hkdekeh`gh_bao ijhkluo ?keb\u dh]^Zgb[m^v \ua^hjZ\eb\Zebhlly`_ehc[he_agblh\Zf ba\_klgh[eZ`_ggh_kh klhygb_ dh]^Z aZfbjZ_rv hl kfmlguo ij_^qm\kl\bc b meu[Z_rvky [_a\kydhc ijbqbguIh\b^bfhfmlZdh_ `_ khklhygb_ i_j_`b\Z_l l_i_jvb ijbjh^Z :Q_oh\

, Hl ij_^qm\kl\bc±kmsAZfbjZ_rv hl q_]h" hl ij_^qm\kl \bcGn±ij_^qm\kl\b_ ,,Ihkl±gZjbpg_h^mrkjjgZ±b_g_ihkl±\ Jifgq ,,,AZfbjZ_rv hlq_]h" hlij_^qm\kl\bc




 JZggyy\_kgZ Khegp_k\_lblyjdhb emqb_]h J b]jZyb meu[ZykvdmiZxlky \ em`Zo \f_kl_ k \hjh[vyfb J_qdZ gZ^m\Z_lky b l_fg__l hgZ m`_ ijhkgmeZkv b g_ k_]h^gyaZ\ljZ aZj_\_l >_j_\vy ]heu gh m`_ `b \ml^urZl < lZdh_ <  \j_fy ohjhrh ]gZlv f_lehc beb ehiZlhc ]jyagmx \h^m \ dZgZ\ZoimkdZlv ih \h^_ dhjZ[ebdb beb ^he[blv dZ[emdZfb mijyfuc e_^ Ohjhrh lZd`_ ]hgylv ]hem[_c ih^ kZfmx <  \ukv ih^g_[_kgmx beb eZablv gZ ^_j_\vy b ijb\yau\Zlv lZf kd\hj_qgb >Z\k_ B ohjhrh \ wlh < kqZkleb\h_\j_fy]h^Z ky

 Y aZoh^bed mqbl_evgbp_gh__ g_[ueh^hfZ Ihke_kgZi_j\uchljy^ihr_e\ e_kHg^he]hg_\ha\jZsZe

<jZ][uekbe_gghhgkdhjhk^Zeky Kh[Zqhgd_[uehljbg_^_ebb mg__gZqZebijhj_au\Zlvkyam [u K^ZebkvÂą^Zlvhl^Zlv^Z\ZlvjZa^Z\Zlvky

 Y B g_lf_gy J dh fg_ >  \ f_gy < kh fghc L  h[hfg_ I 

 Ijb[ebabeky d dhfm"  dh fg_ >  [_kihdhbeky h dhf"

h[h fg_ I khj_\gh\Zeky k d_f"  kh fghc L jZkklbeZeZkv i_ j_^ d_f"  i_j_^h fghc L  g_ kf_cky gZ^ d_f"  gZ^h fghc L  ijb]hlh\blv ^ey dh]h"  ^ey f_gy J  g_ jZkkljZb\Zc dh]h"  f_gy <  Š;Z[mrdZ^Z\ghkdmqZ_lih\Zkª¹aZ^mfqb\hkdZaZeZfZfZŠLu lhkdm_rv ih gZk ijZ\^Z"ª ¹ kijhkbe KZrZ m s_gdZ b lhl \ hl\_l \bevgmeo\hklhf  Fu B fheh^hc\_kgu]hgpuhgZgZk < \ukeZeZ\i_ j_^ NLxlq_\ EZklhqdZk \_kghx \ k_gb d gZf > e_lblk g_c L  b khegp_ djZr_ b \_kgZ fbe_c Ih\_kl\ g_\hkde keh`gh_ khkl ba o ijhkluo  : Ie_s__\   E_^ lj_kdZeky ehfZeky gZ hl^_evgu_ ]eu[u \h^Z \kie_kdb\ZeZkv f_`^m gbfb L  K :dkZ dh\ DZdfhckZ^bdk\_`b a_e_gJZkimklbeZkv\ g_f I kbj_gv :Ie_s__\




 ©<_kgZª±qblZ_rv\ dZ`^hf\ahj_b ludZdijZa^gbdm _cjZ^ :Ie_s__\ A^jZ\kl\mcfZfZDZdluk_[yqm\kl\m_rv"  AgZ_l_ eb \u dZdh_ gZkeZ`^_gb_ \u_oZlv \_kghx ^h aZjb" <u \uoh^bl_gZdjuevph<hl\uk_ebehrZ^bjZahfljhgmebkv<Zf oheh^gh g_fgh`dh \u aZdju\Z_l_ ebph \hjhlgbdhf rbg_eb \Zf ^j_fe_lky BLmj]_g_\

F_klhbf_gbyh[hagZqZxlex[h_ebph\ f bf ij_^eh`_gb yo

 JZa fu ihcfZeb fheh^h]h `mjZ\ey b ^Zeb _fm ey]mrdm @mjZ\ev __ ijh]ehlbe >Zeb ^jm]mx lj_lvx q_l\_jlmx iylmx ¹ ijh]ehlbe  Ih^j_aZeb fu wlhfm `mjZ\ex djuevy b klZe hg aZ `_ghx \kx^m oh^blv Ih\_kl\g_\hkdekeh`gh_khklbao ijh kluo @_gZdhjh\m^hblv¹b @mjdZk g_cb \h]hjh^aZg_cb gZ ihe_\u_ dheohagu_ jZ[hlu oh^bl k g_c b aZ \h^hc  Ijb\udeZ d `mjZ\ex hgZ B [_a g_]h _c m`_ kdmqgh [_a g_]h gbdm^Z  Djbd g_lŠNjmnjmª`mjZ\evd g_c[_`blLZdhcmfgbpZ IhFIjbr\bgm

,Lj_lvxÂąqbkeblEy]mrdm dZdmx" lj_lvxGnÂąlj_lbc ,,IhklÂąijhklihjy^dg_ihklÂą\ <i`j_^q ,,,Ey]mrdm dZdmx" lj_lvx

 QlhlZdh_lblmevgucebkl" I_j\Zy kljZgbpZ dgb]b gZau\Z_lky lblmevguf ebklhf Ih g_fm ^_eZ_lkyhibkZgb_dgb]b GZlblmevghfebkl_\Zr_]hmq_[gbdZ djmiguf rjbnlhf gZ[jZ ghaZ]eZ\b_ ©JmkkdbcyaudªIh^aZ]heh\hd ©Mq_[gbd^eydeZkkZª h[tykgy_lgZagZq_gb_dgb]b< kZfhf gbam lblmevgh]h ebklZ ihf_ s_gu\uoh^gu_^Zggu_]^_dZdbfba^Zl_evkl\hfb dh]^Z\uims_ gZdgb]Z <Z`ghqlh[uhibkZgb_dgb]b[uehijZ\bevgufihg_fmfujZ aukdb\Z_fdgb]m\ [b[ebhl_d_ Keh\Z ba h[eZklb [b[ebhl_qgh]h ^_eZ lblmevguc ebkl rjbnl ih^aZ]heh\hd\uoh^gu_^Zggu_  < g_h[uqghclbrbg_jZggbflmfZggufmljhfgZ^hfghc L k_jh]hem[h_\_k_gg__g_[hi_j_^hfghc L g_h[tylgu_ihey ke_\Z hl f_gy J  g_\ukhdb_ ^_j_\vy k [ZjoZlbklhk_juf kl\hehf 


^ebggu_ih[_]bm lhihebguo\_l\_cg_ba\_klgZyj_qhgdZimklug guca_e_gh`_eluc[_j_]D k_fgZ^pZlbijb[Z\blv\hk_fvkhl\h k_fv^_kylk_fv  K_[y <i

 >eyk_[y J `blv±le_lv^eyk_fvb±]hj_lvZ ^eygZjh ^Z±k\_lblvG_djbqbh k_[_ I imklv^jm]b_h l_[_ohlvlboh kdZ`mlG_lemqr_rmldbq_fgZ^kh[hc L Dlhlhevdhh k_[_ I oehihq_llhlh ^jm]bob agZlvg_ohq_l Ihkeh\bpu

,Rmldb±kmsG_lemqr_ q_]h" rmldbGn±rmldZ ,,Ihkl±gZjbpg_h^mr`j_ kdeg_ihkl±\ Ji_^q ,,,G_lemqr_ q_]h" rmldb  Wlhlq_eh\_dk_[_gZmf_<k_mkljhbehkvkZfhkh[hc GZ_a^gbdg_kdhjhijbr_e\ k_[y ihke_lh]hdZdmiZek ehrZ^b QblZcijhk_[yIhke_[he_agbfZevqbdgZk_[yg_ihoh`

 Iehlgbd\ugmebaysbdZjm[Zghdb iheh`bebgkljmf_gl gZ\_jklZdHohlgbdkgyedheiZqhdk ]heh\u[_jdmlZb ih^[jhkbe ilbpm\ \ha^moKljhbl_eb ihkfhlj_ebnbevf\ gh\hfdbghl_Zl j_ Hl dZjlbgu m gbo hklZehkv g_ba]eZ^bfh_ \i_qZle_gb_  Mqb l_evij_^eh`beFbr_b Dhe_hlg_klbl_ljZ^b^hfhcd fZevqbdZf  Khk_^ ihijhkbe k_kljm gZeblv _fm \h^u  I_ly \_e_e [jZlvyf dmiblvgh\u_Z\lhjmqdb^eygbo

 DZdy h^gZ`^uihfh]ZefZf_ < lhl^_gvy ijb[he_eb g_ihr_e\ rdhemD \_q_jmy mklZee_ `Zlv\ ihkl_ebb j_rbl_evghkdZaZefZf_ ±JZay k_]h^gy\_kv^_gvhl^uoZe[m^mk_]h^gyl_[_ihfh]Zlv ± <hl b hlebqgh ± h[jZ^h\ZeZkv fZfZ gh ihq_fmlh ih]ey^_eZ gZf_gyk g_^h\_jb_f Ihkm^mfulv y kjZam hldZaZeky ±y `_ ijhklm`_ghl \h^u fh]m aZ[he_lv_s_[hevr_Ih^f_lZlvihe[hevghfmlh`_g_evay±fh`gh gZ]ehlZlvkyiueb ±EZ^ghm`m f_gyjmdb\ l_kl_ijbg_kbdZfg_\Zj_gvyk \_jo g_cihedb±\a^hogmeZfZfZ ± Wlh y fb]hf ±h[jZ^h\Zeky yKdhj__ \k_]h b fg_ k_cqZk \Z j_gvbpZi_j_iZ^_l 


: dhl<ZkvdZj_rbeqlhy ijhklhh[yaZg^hklZlvk ihedbdZdh_ gb[m^veZdhfkl\hb ^eyg_]hHg\_jl_ekym f_gyih^gh]Zfbb fmj qZeDh]^Zy \klZegZlZ[mj_ldmqlh[u^hklZlv[ZgdmhgklZehjZlv lZd ijhlb\ghqlh fg_ aZohl_ehkv _]h igmlv Qlh y b k^_eZe Gh g_ m^_j`Ze jZ\gh\_kby gZqZe iZ^Zlv b ko\Zlbeky aZ ihedm ;ZgdZ `_ ihe_l_eZ\gbaWoijhsZc\Zj_gv_: <ZkvdblZdb ke_^ijhklue Âą aZ[beky g_[hkv dm^Zgb[m^v ih^ ^b\Zg qlh[u mdjulvky hl kijZ \_^eb\h]h\haf_a^by  mklgh

 Dlh \Zj_`dbi_klju_\y`_l KlZjbggu_i_kgbih_l" Dlh kdZadmlZdmxjZkkdZ`_l Qlhkgblky \kxghqvgZijhe_l" Qvb\hehkukg_]Z[_e__ : jmdb `_elu b kmob" Dh]hy ex[ex b `Ze_x" <hijijhklh_jZkijhklj

H dhfkhqbgbeZ klbob" ?;eZ]bgbgZ

 mklgh

 < dZdhf ]h^mlu jh^beky"Kdhevdh l_[_ e_l"Kdhevdh l_[_ [ueh e_l dh]^Z lu gZmqbeky qblZlv"  DZdb_ dgb]b gjZ\ylky l_[_ [hevr_ \k_]h"  Dhfm ba ebl_jZlmjguo ]_jh_\ l_[_ ohl_ehkv [uih^jZ`Zlv"Qlhlu h[uqgh ^_eZ_rv ihke_ lh]hdZd ijb]hlh \brvmjhdb"

 Qlh ijhbahreh \ e_km" DZdb_ p\_lu jZklml gZ iheyg_" Kdhevdhilbpijbe_l_eh\ gZrbdjZy" IjbkemrZcl_kvb m]Z^Zcl_dZdhcilbp_ijbgZ^e_`bl]hehkMa gZcl_dlh wlhijbe_ibe]g_a^hgZkmqd_[_j_au\hae_kl\heZY fh]m hij_^_eblvqv_ wlh]g_a^h\bkbllhqghie_l_gZydhjabghqdZ Qv_ >qÂś@Âąkh]e]emofy]d >c@Âąkh]ea\fy]d >h@Âą]eZkgm^ [a\ 


 Hohlgbd\ur_ed j_d_\ dhlhjhcdmiZebkvf_^\_`ZlZ Yjdb_ emqb khegpZ hk\_lbeb ^_j_\vy dhlhju_ aZ fbgmlm ^h wlh]h dZaZebkv keb\rbfbky \ h^gm l_fgmx fZkkm  Fu hklZgh\bebkv m djZcg_cba[uaZdhlhjhcgZqbgZehkvihe_  Dlh ba ^_\hq_d \hr_e kx^Z" Qlh ba dhee_dpbb ihgjZ \behkv \Zf[hevr_\k_]h"G_agZxqlhfg_^_eZlvk_cqZkDZd fgh]ha^_kvbgkljmf_glh\

 Dlhkbevg__" M\b^_e Kehg FmjZ\vy m^b\beky qlh FmjZ\_c fZe_gvdbc b kijhkbe ŠQlh lu FmjZ\_c fh`_rv ih^gylv"ª Š;hevr_ q_f lu ^mfZ_rvª ¹ hl\_lbe FmjZ\_c B klZeb hgb kihjblv dlh ba gbo kbevg_c MkeurZeq_eh\_drmfb kdZaZeŠH q_f \ukihjbl_"Dlh ba\Zk [hevr_k\h_]h\_kZih^gbf_llhlb kbevg_cª Dlh`_\ub]jZekihj"FmjZ\_cKhehfbgdZdhlhjmxhgih^gye hdZaZeZkv \ ^\Z^pZlv jZa ly`_e__ FmjZ\vy ;j_\gh `_ ih^gylh_ Kehghf\_kbehagZqbl_evghf_gvr__]hkZfh]h , < ^\Z^pZlv¹qbkeblLy`_e__ \hkdhevdh" \ ^\Z^pZlv jZa  Gn¹^\Z^pZlv ,,Ihkl¹ijhklh_dhebqp_eh_g_ihkl¹\ <i ,,,Ly`_e__ \hkdhevdh" \ ^\Z^pZlvjZa , Ly`_e__ ¹ ijbeZ] ;j_\gh qlh k^_eZeh" hdZaZehkv ly`_e__ G n ¹ly`_euc ,,Ihkl¹dZq_kl\g_ihkl¹\ ijhklhckjZ\gblkl_i_gb ,,,;j_\gh qlhk^_eZeh" hdZaZehkvly`_e__ KhehfbgdZ

 Dh_qlhÂąqlhg_dhlhjucÂądhlhjucg_dlhÂądlhdlhlhÂądlh q_ceb[hÂąq_cg_kdhevdhÂąkdhevdhqlhgb[m^vÂąqlhg_qlhÂąqlh < g_dhlhjuof_klZogZ^h\_klbk_[yhq_gvhklhjh`gh?kebdlh lhgZr_eq_ceb[hij_^f_lke_^m_lhl^Zlv_]h\eZ^_evpm  AZg_kdhevdh < fbgml_fmm^Zehkvihgylvwlml_fmQ_j_a g_dhlhjh_ <  \j_fy k_f_gZ ijhjhkeb < g_kdhevdbo I  keh\Zo _fmm^Zehkv\ujZablvkZfh_]eZ\gh_K g_dhlhjuo J ihjhgg_oh ^be\ wlhl^\hj 


 K g_dhlhjuoihje_lZxldZdb_lhfmrdbjZ^m_l]eZayj dha_e_gZy ljZ\Z jhah\_xl djZkgh[mju_ rbr_qdb _eb  Fh`_l [ulv gZ dZdhcgb[m^v qZk gh \_kgZ h[ty\beZkv  < lhei_ \k_ [hevr_e_]dboiZevlhZ dh_dlhbafheh^_`b\ ib^`ZdZos_]hey_l  Ghqvx ih^gyeky \_l_j Q_flh [v_l aZ hdghf ;mrm_l g_ih]h^Z Ih\_kl\ g_\hkde ijhklh_ g_jZkijhklj   B \hl m`_ g_kdhevdh ^g_cb^_loheh^gucg_ijbylguc^h`^v ,IZevlh±kms<k_[hevr_ q_]h" iZevlhGn±iZevlh ,,Ihkl±gZjbpg_h^mrkjjg_kde ,,,<k_[hevr_ q_]h" iZevlh  JZghmljhfy ihr_e\ kZjZc<^jm]dlhlhijhrfu]gmefb fhfhbogh]Y m\b^_eebrvq_clhk_j_gvdbco\hklbd Y \hr_e\ kZjZcBalh]h m]eZ]^_ e_`Zeh k_gh^hghkbebkv dZ db_lha\mdbLZfdlhlh\habekyG_mki_ey qlheb[hij_^ijbgylv dZd ba k_gZ \ukdhqbeZ furv Z aZ g_c gZr dhl <ZkvdZ < lh `_ f]gh\_gv_furvxjdgmeZ\ s_evih^ihjh]hf , <  f]gh\_gv_ ± kms XjdgmeZ dh]^Z"  \ f]gh\_gv_ G n ± f]gh\_gv_ ,,Ihkl±gZjbpg_h^mrkjj_ kdeg_ihkl±\ <i_^q ,,,XjdgmeZ dh]^Z" \ f]gh\_gv_ , < s_ev±kmsXjdgmeZ dm^Z" \ s_evGn±s_ev ,,Ihkl±gZjbpg_h^mr`j_ kdeg_ihkl±\ <i_^q ,,,XjdgmeZ dm^Z" \ s_ev  Ih^aZ]heh\hd±]heh\ZaZ]heh\hd]heh\ghcih]heh\v_ Bgkljmf_gl±bgkljmf_glZevgucbgkljmf_glZjbc Dhee_dpby±dhee_dpbhggucdhee_dpbhgbjh\Zlv

 G_dh]h±dh]hgbdZdhc±dZdhcgbdlh±dlhg_q_]h±q_]h gbqlh±qlhgbq_c±q_c Wlhgbq_cdhl_ghdY gbdh]hg_ohl_e[_kihdhblvG_dh]ha\Zlv gbdlhg_ijb^_l  mklgh

  G_q_]h J  lhfm kljZrblvky dlh gbq_]h g_ [hblky  Ohlv\ r_edh^_gvg_jyomZ \k_jZ\gh]ey^_lvg_gZqlh < ?keb aZ^_gvgbq_fm > g_gZmqbekyajyijh`be^_gvAZgZijZkguc 


ljm^ gbdlh B kiZkb[h g_kdZ`_l Ih\_kl\g_\hkdeijhklh_jZk ijhklj Gbqvbfb L iho\ZeZfbg_\haghkbkv Ihkeh\bpu

 <Ze_dgbq_]h < g_hl\_lbe FZjmkygbdh]h < g_magZ\ZeZ Hl_pgbq_]h < _s_g_agZe B lu^hkboihjgbdhfm J _s_g_jZa[helZedm^Zoh^brv" Ih<Dhjhe_gdh

  Jy^bekyjy^beky Z gb d q_fm g_ ijb]h^beky  >jm] ± p_ggucdeZ^g_^jm]mgbdlhg_jZ^H[b^_lvlhdZ`^ucfh`_lZ ih`Ze_lvlh g_dhfm  Ex[yl lh]h dlh g_ h[b^bl gbdh]h Ihkeh \bpu

 G_ k d_fgb \h qlh g_ m dh]h gb ^ey q_]h gb hl dh]h gb i_j_^q_f G_k d_f^jm`blvgb \hqlhg_klZ\begb^eyq_]hg_ijb]h^be kygb hldh]hg_keurZegb i_j_^q_fg_hklZgh\blky

  Gbq_f gbq_]h g_ k^_eZ_rv ^_eZlv g_q_]h g_ aZf_gbrv gbd_f G_gZdh]hjZkkqblu\Zlvg_agZ_lkygb kd_fg_ ijhy\ey_lky gb \q_fg_k dh]hkijZrb\Zlv ,=emi±ijbeZ] DZdh\" ]emiGn±]emiuc ,,Ihkl±dZq_kl\g_ihkl±\ djZldnhjf_\ _^qfj ,,, DZdh\" ]emi ,Kdmq_g±ijbeZ]>_gv dZdh\" kdmq_gGn±kdmqguc ,,Ihkl±dZq_kl\g_ihkl±\ djZldnhjf_\ _^qfj ,,,>_gv dZdh\" kdmq_g

 G_ jZahqZjh\Zeky gb \ q_f I  g_ ijbdZkZeky gb d q_fm > g_jZa[bjZ_lkygb\ q_f I g_jZkkijZrb\Z_l gbh q_f I  g_jZkkqblu\Z_lgbgZqlh < g_ mqZkl\m_lgb\ q_f I g_ijb \udg_lgbd q_fm >  JZahqZjh\Zeky±qZjuqZjh\ZlvhqZjh\ZlvhqZjh\Zlvky  Gbdhfmg_h[tylvg_h[tylgh]hDlhijb\ud[jZgblvky lhfm gb k d_f g_ m`blvky  Dlh iha^gh ijboh^bl lhl gbq_]h g_ gZoh^bl Ihkeh\bpu




 G_ki_rbo\ZlZlvjmdZfbgbq_]hqlhe_`bl\ lZj_ed_ G_lhedZcgbdh]hdlhkb^blk lh[hcjy^hfih^ehdhlv Gbk d_f]jhfdhg_jZa]h\Zjb\Zcg_klZjZckygbdh]hi_j_djb qZlv

   G_\a]h^u kms  gbdh]h f_kl  gbq_]h f_kl  gbdhfm f_kl g_fgh]hkeh\guc ijbeZ] gbdlh f_kl    G_ k]hj[beZ ]eZ]  g_ [hylvky ]eZ]  gb hl dh]h f_kl  g_ aZ\bk_lv ]eZ]  gb \ q_f f_kl  g_ hldZau\Ze ]eZ]  g_ [ueh ]eZ] g_agZe ]eZ]  , Fheh^_`b ± kms Ihfh]Ze dhfm"  fheh^_`b G n ± fheh ^_`v ,,Ihkl±gZjbph^mr`j_ kdelhevdh_^qg_ihkl±\ Ji ,,,Ihfh]Ze dhfm" fheh^_`b ,<j_f_gb±kmsGbfbgmlu q_]h" \j_f_gbGn±\j_fy ,,Ihkl±gZjbpg_h^mrkjjgZ±fyg_ihkl±\ Ji_^q ,,,Gbfbgmlu q_]h" \j_f_gb K\h[h^gh]h _ b_ ij_^eh`_gby±k h^ghjh^gufbkdZam_fufb   KljZgguc lbobc gb gZ qlh g_ ihoh`bc ij_ju\bkluc a\md keurZeky ]^_lh kh\k_f g_^Ze_dh  Ohly I_ly b kb^_e gZ r_edh\bp_ghhggbdh]hb gbq_]hg_m\b^_eG_q_]hb ]h\hjblv dZd I_ly h[jZ^h\Zeky ij_^eh`_gbx ihdZlZlvky gZ ju[Zqv_c eh^d_ DZaZehkvqlhgb gZdh]hg_fh]gZ^_ylvkylhgmsbc \ fhj_q_eh \_d  Gbq_f g_ hlebqZeky Jh^bhg @mdh\ hl fZljhkh\ fyl_`gh]h dhjZ[ey Ih<DZlZ_\m

 Fhc B  ihjln_ev m fh_]h J  ihjln_ey d fh_fm >

ihjln_ex \ fhc <  ihjln_ev fhbf L  ihjln_e_f h fh_f I

ihjln_e_

 Kh\_lm_lky k _]h k qvbf"  lh\Zjbs_f jZkkijZrb\Z_l h dhf" h g_faZ[hlbrvkyh _]h h qv_f" j_[_gd_k_j^brvky gZdh ]h"  gZ g__ lj_\h`brvky aZ qv_]h"  aZ _]h ^jm]Z rmlbeb gZ^ qv_c" gZ^__ ih^jm]hcrmlbeZ k d_f" k g_c 


  GZ bo h]hjh^Zo ljZ\u fgh]h gZjhkeh  < bo ohayckl\_ dhjh\u ohjhr_c ihjh^u  EZ\hqgbd ijhlygme :e_r_ k\hx imo emxjmdmQm^_kguc^\hj_pihkljh_g^eyfhkdh\kdboj_[ylE_l qbdbdhkfhgZ\lu [ueb bo ]hklyfb Ih]jZgbqgbdb ahjdh hojZgy xl jm[_`b gZr_c Jh^bgu Ih\_kl\g_\hkdeijhklh_jZkijhklj

H[bo kem`[_gZibkZghfgh]hdgb] , >ey  fhkdh\kdbo ± ijbeZ] >ey j_[yl dZdbo"  fhkdh\kdbo G n±fhkdh\kdbc ,,Ihkl±hlghkblg_ihkl±\ Jifgq ,,,>eyj_[yl dZdbo" fhkdh\kdbo Ih]jZgbqgbdb

 Ih^Zjhdhl^mrb L\h_c ijbly`> fZf_ijbylghihemqblvhll_[y ebqgJ g_ dmie_ggu_gZ__ ijbly`< `_^_gv]b p\_lu bebdhgn_luZ \u ibe_ggmxl\hbfb ijbly`L jmdZfbjZfdm bebihehqdmk^_eZg gmx lh[hc ebqg L  rdZlmedm gZjbkh\Zggmx lh[hc dZjlbgdm \urblmxlh[hckZen_ldm DZd[ukdjhf_ggb [uel\hc ijbly`B ih^Zjhdhg ebqgB

^hklZ\blfgh]hjZ^hklb_keblu ebqgB ]hlh\be_]h ebqg< k ex[h\vxb k\hbfb ijbly`L jmdZfb , Kdjhf_g ± ijbeZ] Ih^Zjhd dZdh\"  kdjhf_g G n ± kdjhf guc ,,Ihkl±dZq_kl\g_ihkl±\ djZldnhjf_fj_^q ,,,Ih^Zjhd dZdh\" kdjhf_g , K ex[h\vx±kms=hlh\be dZd" k ex[h\vxGn±ex[h\v ,,Ihkl±gZjbpg_h^mr`j_ kdeg_ihkl±\ Li_^q ,,,=hlh\be dZd" k ex[h\vx   DZdhcgb[m^v g_hij  g_[hevrhc ih^Zjhd k d_fgb[m^v g_hij  ihkh\_lh\Zlvky gZ dh`Zghf l_fghdhjbqg_\hf i_j_ie_l_ gZ\gmlj_gg_cklhjhg_djurdbqvylh g_hij klZjbggZy\urb\dZ [e_^ghjhah\Zy kZen_ldZ ^ey l_e_\babhggh]h klhebdZ dZdb_eb[h g_hij  dhfgZlgu_ jZkl_gby r_jklygZy ijy`Z ^ey \yaZgby g_ keh`gu_ dhglmju jbkmgdZ ^ey \urb\Zgby ^_j_\ygguc beb dhkly ghcdjxqhdgbq_]h hlj gb mdh]h hlj g_hdZaZehkvg_q_f hlj

hl[eZ]h^ZjblvaZ\gbfZgb_Iylvkhlk_fv^_kyl\hk_fvjm[e_cr_ klv^_kylk_fvdhi__d 


 DlhijZ\" IeZg ,L_abkijZ\^_^mrdZ ,,>hdZaZl_evkl\Z  fg_gb_ih^jm]badeZkkZ±ihlj_[bl_evkdh_  k^_eZggh_k\hbfbjmdZfbg_ih\lhjbfh ,,,<u\h^

 Dgb]Z\_ebdZg Dgb]Z\ukhlhc\ ^\ZwlZ`ZKdZ`_l_lZdbo Jfg dgb]g_[u\Z_l B hrb[_l_kv LZdb_ Bfg dgb]b _klv G_dhlhju_ ba wlbo J fg

dgb]gZoh^ylky\ Fhg]hebb< h^ghcbalZdbo Jfg dgb]gZkqblu\Z _lky^\_klbljb^pZlvr_klvlhfh\Dgb]bwlb Bfg kha^Zgu\ ^j_\ ghklb< l_ <fg \j_f_gZfZkl_jZfbkdmkgbdZfijboh^behkvl_dkl dZ`^hc kljZgbpu \uj_aZlv gZ ^_j_\ygghc ^hkd_ Klhevdh B _^  `_ ljm^Z\deZ^u\Zehkv\ beexkljZpbbdhlhju_^hkbo Jfg ihjm^b\ eyxlgZklhgdhklvxjbkmgdZb [h]Zlkl\hfdhehjblZ , < ^\Z±qbkebl<ukhlhc dZdhc" \ ^\ZwlZ`ZGn±^\Z ,,Ihkl±ijhklh_dhebqp_eh_g_ihkl±\ <i ,,,<ukhlhc dZdhc" \ ^\ZwlZ`Z >j_\ghklb  Klhevdh dbehf_ljh\ klhevdh [Zkk_cgh\ B  hl klhevdbo dbehf_ljh\ klhevdbo [Zkk_cgh\ J  d klhevdbf dbehf_ljZf klhevdbf [Zkk_cgZf >  \ klhevdh dbehf_ljh\ klhevdh [Zkk_cgh\ <  klhevdbfb dbehf_ljZfb klhevdbfb [Zkk_cgZfb L  h klhev dbodbehf_ljZoklhevdbo[Zkk_cgZo I   Dgb]Z\ gZr_ckljZg_ijhgbdeZ\ l_ f_klZdhlhju_ij_ `^_ kqblZebkv g_^hklmigufb b g_ijh_a`bfb  Gug_ g_ gZc^_rv lZdh]h ]hjh^ZbebjZchggh]hp_gljZ]^_[ug_[uehdgb]hex[h\ GZklhysbc dgb]hex[ bs_l dgb]kimlgbdh\ dgb]mqbl_e_c dgb] ^jma_c GZrb [b[ebhl_dZjb ohjhrh agZxl wlh]h gh\h]h qblZl_ey Hg bs_l g_ jZa\e_dZl_evguo dgb] Z dgb] ]em[hdbo k_jv_aguo  LZdh\ ih^ebggucdgb]hex[DZdohjhrhqlhm gZk\k_[hevr_b [hevr_lZdboqblZl_e_c Ih<Eb^bgm

Ih^ebgguc±gZklhysbc^_ckl\bl_evguc 


 H[wlhfkh[ulbbh[wlhfieZg_lZjbbh lhc ^hebg_h lhf h\jZ`d_

 Jhkkbckdbci_j\hi_qZlgbd GZr_c ijbly` Jh^bgu\ l_ mdZa \j_f_gZi_j_ibku\Zebbo ebqg  hgb ebqg  klhbeb hg ebqg  \u^_eye kdhevdh hlghkbl

[md\klhevdh mdZa ]eZ\aZk\hx ijbly` `bagv Dgb]hi_qZlgy mklZj ±lbih]jZnby  <lhjhcieZg

IeZg ,IZfylgbdB\ZgmN_^hjh\m ,,>_yl_evghklvi_j\hi_qZlgbdZ  Jmdhibkgu_dgb]b  I_j\Zydgb]hi_qZlgy]h^Z  <_ebdhe_igu_dgb]bi_j\hi_qZlgbdZ ,,,Ih^\b]i_j\hi_qZlgbdZ

 ;bh]jZnbyibkZl_ey\ lukyqZ\hk_fvkhl^_\yghklhk_^vfhf ]h^m Z\lhj ih\_klb i_qZlZlv \ lbih]jZnbb ih^aZ]heh\hd dgb]b jZaghh[jZagufrjbnlhfjZkiheh`blvgZdZdhceb[h g_hij kljZ gbp_ g_kdhevdh g_hij  \_ebdhe_iguo beexkljZpbc hjgZf_gl gZ h[eh`d_ [eZ]h^Zjblv g_dh]h hljbp  dZdb_lh g_hij  bkdmkgu_ i_j_ie_lqbdb g_ jZahqZjh\Zeky gb \ q_f hljbp  j_dhf_g^h\Zlv ijhba\_^_gby deZkkbdh\ ijbkmlkl\h\Zlv gZ h[km`^_gbb ijb\_lkl \h\ZlvqblZl_e_c[mjghjZa]hj_eky

 GZkZfhf I_^qfj \_jomgZdZ`^hc I_^q`j

ihed_ m ex[h]h J _^ q f j  ba gZk i_j_[jZlv \k_ < fg q

dgb]bdZ`^uc <_^qfj ^_gvkZfu_ Bfgq jZagu_qblZ l_eb dZ`^Zy B _^ q ` j  dgb]Z \kydhfm > _^ q f j  kh ljm^gbdm   M \kydh]h J  lZeZgl _klv k\hc Gh qZklh gZ mki_o ij_evsZykyqm`hco\ZlZ_lkyaZlhbghc B \ q_fhgkh\k_fg_]h ^_gDZdhclhkfheh^mKd\hj_plZdi_lvs_]e_gdhfgZmqbekydZd [m^lh[us_]e_gdhfkZf B jh^bekyB]jb\uf]hehkdhf\_kv <

e_k hg \_k_ebe B \kydbc B  Kd\hjmrdm o\Zebe  : Kd\hjmrdZ aZ\bkleb\ [ued g_kqZklvxb ^mfZ_l ©Ihklhcl_ `_ ^jmavy kihx 


g_om`_y bkheh\vbgufeZ^hfÂŞB ih^ebgghaZi_e^Zlhevdhebrv kh\k_fhkh[ufkdeZ^hfBkeh\hfjZah]gZe\k_o < ilbpk\hbf i_gv_f BDjueh\

:ŠIª

 KZfZyex[bfZyihjZ B m kZfhcex[bfhcihju J d kZ fhcex[bfhcihj_ > \ kZfmxex[bfmxihjm < gZ^kZfhcex [bfhcihjhc L h kZfhcex[bfhcihj_ I  KZfZ \_kgZdjZkZ\bpZ B  m kZfhc \_kgudjZkZ\bpu J  d kZ fhc \_kg_djZkZ\bp_ >  \ kZfm \_kgmdjZkZ\bpm <  gZ^ kZfhc \_kghcdjZkZ\bp_c L h kZfhc\_kg_djZkZ\bp_ I  KZfh_ ^hjh]h_ B  m kZfh]h ^hjh]h]h J  d kZfhfm ^hjh]hfm > \ kZfh_^hjh]h_ < gZ^kZfuf^hjh]bf L h kZfhf^hjh]hf I  KZfh`xjb B m kZfh]h`xjb J d kZfhfm`xjb > \ kZfh `xjb < gZ^kZfbf`xjb L h kZfhf`xjb I  Lblmevguc ebkl nhjaZp kmi_jh[eh`dZ dhff_glZjbc ZgghlZ pbyih^aZ]heh\hd\uoh^gu_^Zggu_dZlZeh]dgb]hojZgbebs_  JZkkdZaklZjh]hmq_[gbdZ GZklZjbgguoqZkZoijh[beh^\_gZ^pZlvb \k_ dgb]b \ [b[ebh l_d_h`beb Gh\_gvdb_[md\Zjbihijhkbeb ±>y^xrdZ©JmkkdbcyaudªJZkkdZ`bgZfh k\h_c`bagb\ wlhc rdhe_ Fu lhevdh qlh ba lbih]jZnbb b kh\k_f g_ mf__f `blv \ fbj_GZklhevdhaZ\ljZ\u^Z^mli_j\hdeZkkgbdZfb fuhq_gv\he gm_fky ±<k_aZ\bkblfZeurbhllh]hdZdhfmohaybgm\u^hklZg_l_kv ± ihdZreb\Zy gZqZe ©Jmkkdbc yaudª ± Y aZ k\hx ^he]mx `bagv kf_gbe^_kyl_juo ohay_\B \k_ hgb [ueb lZdb_ jZagu_ KgZqZeZ y ^hklZekyomeb]Zgmb ^\h_qgbdmHg[befghxihiZjl_jZajbkh\u \Ze q_jgbeZfb b ^Z`_ ± h m`Zk ± \u^bjZe fhb ^jZ]hp_ggu_ kljZ gbpu« ±:o±ohjhfkdZaZeb[md\Zjb ±GhgZke_^mxsbc]h^\k_baf_gbehkvY ^hklZekyZddmjZlghc ^_\hqd_ dhlhjZy [md\Zevgh \ulZsbeZ f_gy k lh]h k\_lZ HgZ oh 


^beZ \ [b[ebhl_qguc djm`hd b kmf_eZ g_ lhevdh ih^de_blv kljZ gbpughb k^_eZlvfg_gh\uci_j_ie_lHgZh[_jgmeZf_gy\ djZ kb\mx ijhqgmx h[eh`dm B kZfh_ ]eZ\gh_ Y \k_]^Z qm\kl\h\Ze qlh ihe_a_g b gm`_g _c >ey gZk dgb] wlh kZfh_ \Z`gh_ ± [ulv ihe_aguf

 , GZ gZr_c±f_klGZmebp_ qv_c" gZr_cGn±gZr ,,Ihkl±ijbly`g_ihkl±\ Ii_^q`j ,,,GZmebp_ qv_c" gZr_c ,<kydbc±f_klDmebd dZdhc" \kydbcGn±\kydbc ,,Ihkl±hij_^g_ihkl±\ Bi_^qfj ,,,Dmebd dZdhc" \kydbc ;m^_l b gZ gZr_c mebp_ ijZa^gbd Ih\_kl\ g_\hkde ijhklh_ jZkijhklj

 GhqgZy^hjh]Z AZ_]hihe_lhfaZgbf\i_j_^bgZkfg_ihdZaZehkvhgb\ur_m gZkkj_^bwlh]hkgZ , AZ _]h±f_klAZihe_lhf qvbf" _]hGn±_]h ,,Ihkl±ijbly`g_ihkl±_^qfj ,,,AZihe_lhf qvbf" _]h , AZ gbf±f_klJbkh\Zebkv ]^_" aZgbfGn±hg ,,Ihkl±ebqg]he_^qfjg_ihkl±\ Li ,,,Jbkh\Zebkv ]^_" aZgbf , <i_j_^b  gZk ± f_kl Jbkh\Zebkv ]^_"  \i_j_^b gZk G n ± fu ,,Ihkl±ebqg]hefgqg_ihkl±\ Ji ,,,Jbkh\Zebkv ]^_" \i_j_^bgZk ,Fg_±f_klIhdZaZehkv dhfm" fg_Gn±y ,,Ihkl±ebqg]he_^qg_ihkl±\ Ji ,,,IhdZaZehkv dhfm" fg_ ,Hgb±f_kl<ur_ qlh" hgbGn±hgb ,,Ihkl±ebqg]hefgqg_ihkl±\ Bi ,,,<ur_ qlh" hgb , M gZk±f_kl =^_" m gZkGn±fu ,,Ihkl±ebqg]hefgqg_ihkl±\ Ji ,,, =^_" m gZk 


, Kj_^b wlh]hÂąf_klKj_^bkgZ dZdh]h" wlh]hGnÂąwlhl ,,IhklÂąmdZag_ihklÂą\ Ji_^qfj ,,,Kj_^bkgZ dZdh]h" wlh]h

>hklZgpbbhklZ\Zehkv_s_k \_jklmDjm]hf[uehlbohlZd lb ohqlh ih `m``Zgbx dhfZjZ fh`gh [ueh ke_^blv aZ _]h ihe_lhf GZe_\hq_jg_eh]em[hdh_ms_ev_aZgbfb \i_j_^bgZkl_fghkbgb_ \_jrbgu ]hj bajulu_ fhjsbgZfb jbkh\Zebkv gZ [e_^ghf g_[h kdehg__s_khojZgy\r_f ihke_^gbchl[e_kd aZjbGZ l_fghf g_[_ gZqbgZeb f_evdZlv a\_a^u b kljZggh fg_ ihdZaZehkv qlh hgb ]h jZa^h\ur_q_fm gZkgZk_\_j_Ihh[_bfklhjhgZf^hjh]blhjqZeb ]heu_q_jgu_dZfgbdh_]^_bakg_]Z\u]ey^u\ZebdmklZjgbdbgh gb h^bg kmohc ebklhd g_ r_\_ebekyb \_k_eh [ueh keurZlv kj_^b wlh]h f_jl\h]h kgZ ijbjh^u nujdZgv_ mklZehc ihqgh\hc ljhcdb b g_jh\gh_ih[jydb\Zgv_jmkkdh]hdhehdhevqbdZ FE_jfhglh\

 Khqbg_gb_ihdZjlbg_?<Kujhfylgbdh\ZŠI_j\u_ajbl_ ebª KZfh_ bgl_j_kgh_ a^_kv ¹ lh qlh wlh dZjlbgZ \ dZjlbg_ Fu jZkkfZljb\Z_f dZjlbgm om^h`gbdZ Kujhfylgbdh\ZZ j_[ylZ¹ ]_ jhbwlh]h ihehlgZ¹kfhljyl gZ dZjlbgm g_ba\_klgh]h gZf om^h` gbdZIjbq_ffuwlhcdZjlbgug_\b^bfFufh`_flhevdh^h]Z ^u\Zlvky qlh `_ bah[jZabe gZ g_c om^h`gbd Fh`_l [ulv wlh i_caZ`dhlhjuc\b^_gbahdgZ¹[_ehkl\hevgu_[_j_adbb l_fguc e_k\^Zeb"Fh`_lwlhgZlxjfhjl¹[md_ljhfZr_ddhlhjucklhbl gZklhe_": fh`_lom^h`gbdgZjbkh\ZebokZfbo¹g_ihk_^eb\uo fZevqbr_d" FZevqbdbaZ]ey^u\Zxl\ jZkdjulh_hdghfZkl_jkdhcGZ\_jgh_ hgb`b\mlihkhk_^kl\mb ^Z\ghbgl_j_kmxlkydZdjZ[hlZ_lom^h` gbdGZebpZobogZibkZguex[hiulkl\hb `b\hcbgl_j_kKlZjrbc fZevqbd[hevr_kfhljblgZdZjlbgmZ feZ^r_]h[hevr_ijb\e_dZ _lkZfZh[klZgh\dZfZkl_jkdhc FZevqbdb jZ^u b ]hj^u qlh ijbh[sbebkv d lZcg_ <_^v gZ klhys__fZkl_jkl\h¹wlh\k_]^ZlZcgZ  >bdlZgl




 IeZg ,F_klhbf_gb_dZdqZklvj_qb ,,JZajy^uf_klhbf_gbc  ebqgu_  \ha\jZlgh_  \hijhkbl_evgu_  hlghkbl_evgu_  g_hij_^_e_ggu_  hljbpZl_evgu_  ijbly`Zl_evgu_  mdZaZl_evgu_  hij_^_ebl_evgu_ ,,,Fhjnheh]bq_kdbcjZa[hjf_klhbf_gby  JZajy^uf_klhbf_gbc

JZajy^uf_klhbf_gbc

Ijbf_juf_klhbf_gbc

<ha\jZlgh_

K_[yk kh[hc

Ebqgu_

<hijhkbl_evgu_ Hlghkbl_evgu_

G_hij_^_e_ggu_ HljbpZl_evgu_

Ijbly`Zl_evgu_ MdZaZl_evgu_

Hij_^_ebl_evgu_

Yhgbm g_]h

Dlh"Qlh"Dhlhjuc" Dlhqlhdhlhjuc

Dhfmlhkdhevdheb[h

Gbdlhgb kd_fg_k q_]h Fhcl\hck\hc LhlwlhllZdhc

<_kv\kydbckZf

 Fhc ]jmklguclh\Zjbs khfghx aZ^mfZe  djbdhf k\h bffu ilbpu  \_l_j^Z y ]mey_f  ,Fhc±f_klLh\Zjbs q_c" fhcGn±fhc ,,Ihkl±ijbly`g_ihkl±\ Bifj_^q ,,,Lh\Zjbs q_c" fhc , Kh fghx±f_klAZ^mfZe k d_f" khfghxGn±y ,,Ihkl±ebqg]he_^qg_ihkl±\ Li ,,,AZ^mfZe k d_f" khfghx 


,K\hbf±f_klDjbdhf qvbf" k\hbfGn±k\hc ,,Ihklijbly`g_ihkl±\ Li_^qfj ,,,Djbdhf qvbf" k\hbf ,Fu±f_klIlbpu dlh" fuGn±fu ,,Ihkl±ebqg]hefgqg_ihkl±\ Bi ,,,Ilbpu dlh" fu ,Y ±f_kl=mey_f dlh" \_l_j^ZyGn±y ,,Ihkl±ebqg]he_^qg_ihkl±\ Bi ,,,=mey_f dlh" \_l_j^Zy

 Keblgh_jZa^_evgh_b ^_nbkgh_gZibkZgb_keh\ QZklvj_qb Keblgh_ JZa^_evgh_ >_nbkgh_ Ij_^eh] I_j_^ e_khf   i_j_^ a_e_guf i_j_^hfghc Kms_kl\bl_evgh_ G_ijbyl_ev Ijb h]hjh^_ : FZrZlh g_ g_jyoZ ih a_fe_ g_ b^_l ijbyl_ev Z \jZ] \h\k_ g_ ijbyl_ev IjbeZ]Zl_evgh_ G_\_`eb\uc G_\_`eb\ucZ A_e_guclh g_ g_ijbklmiguc ]jm[uc \h\k_ ibr_l g_\_`eb\uc F_klhbf_gb_ Gbdh]hg_q_]h Gb k d_f g_ k Dh_dlh dlh q_]h gb[m^v  mklgh

 JZklZye k, \ ihe_kg_]e_kZih\_k_e_eb F,  >ZevaZeb\guoem]h\eZamjgZb ykgZ Klu^eb\h[_eZy[_j_aZa_e_g__l g,  Ijhoh^yl g,, h[eZdZ\k_\ur_b g_`g_c : \_l_jkmrbl g,, kZ^b fy]dh\ hdgZ\__l g,

L_iehfZij_evkdbo^g_c B;mgbg

   K l_f g_m`blvky ex[bl [jZgblvky [m^_l_ ^_j`Zlv ky fh`_l_ g_[hylvky e_]dh o\Zeblvky e_]dh k\Zeblvky   Kh\_l  lj_[m_lky [_^Z  i_j_ghkblky dlh  o\Zeblky lhl

k\Zeblky dlh g_[hblky hgZ kihjblky ^_eh [hblky




,DlhÂąf_klO\Zeblky dlh" dlhGnÂądlh ,,IhklÂąhlghkblg_ihklÂą\ Bi ,,,O\Zeblky dlh" dlh

 M\b^_lv ,, kij bkde  Âą y m\b`m lu m\b^brv hg m\b^bl fum\b^bf\um\b^bl_hgbm\b^ylijhkblv ,,kij Âąy ijhrmlu ijhkbrvhgijhkblfuijhkbf\uijhkbl_hgbijhkyl\ujZklblv ,,kij Âąy \ujZsmlu \ujZklbrvhg \ujZklblfu \ujZklbf\u \ujZklbl_hgb\ujZklyl\ujZklZlv ,kij Âąy \ujZklZxlu\ujZk lZ_rvhg\ujZklZ_lfu\ujZklZ_f\u\ujZklZ_l_hgb\ujZklZxl mkeurZlv ,,kijbkde Âąy mkeurmlumkeurbrvhgmkeurblfu mkeurbf\umkeurbl_hgbmkeurZl  @blv , Âą`b\_lp_gbl ,, Âąp_gblv[m^blv ,, Âą[m^blg_ klZg_l ,  ÂąklZlv ]h\hjblv ,, Âą]h\hjbl \klZ\Zlv ,  Âą\klZ_l ^_ eZlv , Âą^_eZ_lfulv , Âąfh_laZklbeZlv , ÂąaZklbeZ_lmki__l ,

Âąmki_lvh^_lvky , Âąh^_g_lky mfulvky , Âąmfh_lkyih_klvÂąih _kl\klZlv , Âą\klZg_lk_Flv , Âąky^_l ,DZ`^ucÂąf_klQZk dZdhc" dZ`^ucGnÂądZ`^uc ,,IhklÂąhij_^_eblg_ihklÂą\ <i_^qfj ,,,QZk dZdhc" dZ`^uc Djh\ZlvÂądjh\Zlv >d@Âąkh]e]emol\ >j@Âąkh]ea\l\ >Z@Âą]eZkg[_am^ >\@Âąkh]ea\l\ >Z@Âą]eZkgm^ >lÂś@Âąkh]e]emofy]d [a\

 P\_l_lb\Z<hdjm]g__e_lZxl gZÂąZlv, rf_ebihjoZxl gZ Âą Zlv ,  [Z[hqdb km_lylky gZ Âąblv ,,  [_klhedh\u_ fmob GZ^ em`Zfb\vxlky , dhfZju I_j_e_lgu_ ilbpu lhjhiylky gZ Âą blv ,,  gZ jh^bgm d k\hbf ]g_a^ZfIha`_^jm]bo\ha\jZsZxlky gZÂąZlv, kZfu_yjdb_b i_ klju_ilbpuAbfhjh^hdijbe_lZ_l gZÂąZlv, ba?]bilZZ b\he]ZÂą baX`ghc:njbdb 


 GbgZkijZrb\Z_l ¹;ulvfh`_l\uohlbl_ihdmrZlv" ¹KiZkb[hY lhevdhqlhm`bgZe ¹ŠDmrZlvª¹wlheZd_ckdh_keh\h^Z" ¹Ihq_fm" ¹Ihfgbl_\ ebl_jZlmj_ijhreh]h\_dZ"LhevdheZd_b]h\hjbeb ŠDmrZlvih^Zghª=hkih^Z\k_]^Z]h\hjbebŠFbehklbijhrmi_j_ dmkblvª XK_f_gh\

 K mljZy gZqbgZxm[bjZlvdhfgZlm<gZqZe_kdZlu\Zxdh\_j b kgbfZx k ih^hdhggbdZ p\_lu Y lsZl_evgh ijhlbjZx dZ`^uc ebklhq_db h[bevghiheb\ZxjZkl_gby Ihlhf hl`bfZx ljyidm b \ulbjZx ^h [e_kdZ hdhggu_ kl_deZ b a_jdZeh L_i_jvgZ^hiheh`blvgZf_klhb]jmrdbfh_cfeZ^r_ck_klju D ibkvf_gghfmklhemhlpZy g_ijbdZkZxkviZiZkZf\k_]^Zijb\h ^bl_]h\ ihjy^hd  < ]hklyom ^jm]Z We_f_glu jZa]h\hjgh]h klbey jZa]h\hjgZy nhjfZ bf_gb <h eh^vdZ fgh]h\hijhkbl_evguob \hkdebpZl_evguoij_^eh`_gbc Kh\ \ hldjue g_ miZe m\b^_e ihkfhlj_e ijboh^be jZkkdZ aZlv kijhkbe magZ_rv ihkemrZc \hkdebdgme ihr_e ih^h`^b ijb]hjbl G_kh\\[ue]hj_eijhoh^b_klvohq_rv[ue ,FZfbgmÂąijbeZ]Gh\hklv qvx" fZfbgmGnÂąfZfbg ,,IhklÂąijbly`g_ihklÂą\ <i_^q`j ,,,Gh\hklv qvx" fZfbgm

 Kl_iZ^jh\Zdhe_l <ug_agZ_l_gZr_]hKl_im"O\ZklmghgkljZrguc ÂąY \q_jZaZiheqZkZ\k_^jh\Zi_j_dheheÂąkdZaZeKl_iZh^gZ`^u ÂąDh]^ZlugZmqbeky"ÂąkijZrb\Z_ffu Âą: y^Z\ghmf_xÂąhl\_qZ_lhg ÂąLh]^ZihdZ`bZ fuihkfhljbfdZdm l_[ywlhihemqZ_lky Ihrebfu\h^\hjKl_iZ]hj^h \aye lhihj bÂŤ lml gZqZeky gZ klhysbc pbjd Kl_iZ dhg_qgh \aye kZfuc [hevrhc qmj[Zg jZa 


fZogmekyb \hgabelhihj\ kZfmx_]hk_j_^bgm: \ulZsblv_]hg_ fh`_l±kbe_ghdg_o\ZlZ_l ±GZ^h[uehk djZxdhehlv]_jhc±kf__fkyfu ±Ih^h`^bl_Y \k_ijZ\bevgh^_eZx±djbqblKl_iZg Lhihj m\ya ijhqgh Gh Kl_iZ ljm^ghkl_c g_ [hblky ± jZkrZlZe lhihjb dZdj\Zg_lgZk_[yLmllhlhihj\ukdZdb\Z_l±^Z_fm\ q_ exklv Lh]^Z m` g_ ^h kf_om \k_f klZeh ± m Kl_iZgZ djh\v ihreZ ^_\qhgdb aZ a_e_gdhc ih[_`Zeb« IjZ\bevgh ]h\hjyl ©E_]dh o\Z eblvkye_]dhb k\Zeblvkyª Gh Kl_i_ mjhd gZ ihevam g_ ihr_e Hg dZd ijbr_e \ k_[y g_ fgh`dhkjZamhijZ\^u\ZlvkygZqZe ± DZdhc lhihj a^_kv hl\jZlbl_evguc aZlmibeky kh\k_f <hl y k\hcba^hfZijbg_km±b ihdZ`m\k_fgZklhysbcdeZkk  Bkdhe_kblv ijbkl  dj_gblvky kmn  djZkg_lv kmn  aZ klhihjblv ijbkl  k_dj_lgbqZlv kmn  ih^ulh`blv ijbklkmn  ih[_e_lv ijbkl ijbihfgblvky kmn    I_j_qblZlv±qblZlv\oh^blv±oh^blvijbde_blv±de_ blvi_j_e_lZlv±e_lZlv ijbkl    F_qlZlv ± f_qlZ k\_le_lv ± k\_leuc djZkg_lv ± djZkguc fqZlvky ±fqZlvaZ\ljZdZlv ±aZ\ljZd m`bgZlv ± m`bg [e_^g_lv ± [e_^gucnhjfbjh\Zlv±nhjfZij_fbjh\Zlv±ij_fby

 JZa[_`ZlvkyhllZedb\Zlvkyi_j_iju]gmlvkhkdZdb\Zlv :le_ljZa[_`Zeky b i_j_iju]gme q_j_a ieZgdmGZ^h ijZ\bevgh hllZedb\Zlvkyhla_feb

 IhaZ\ljZdZlvÂąaZ\ljZdZlv ijbkl ijbk_lvÂąk_klv ijbkl  aZ]jmklblvÂą]jmklblv ijbkl jZkkf_ylvkyÂąkf_ylvky ijbkl ih kbg_lv Âą kbg_lv ijbkl  l\_j^_lv Âą l\_j^uc kmn  ijb]emrZlv Âą ]emrblv ijbklkmn  aZ]hj_lvky Âą ]hj_lv ijbklkmn  hdZf_g_lv Âą dZf_gv ijbklkmn  ihkdhevagmlvky Âą kdhevablv ijbklkmn  mljhblvÂąljb ijbklkmn  AZ]hj_lvky ]hj_lv aZ]hj_lv ]hj_edZ aZ]hj_euc 


 dhehgdZke_kZjgbqZlv , e_glycgbqZlv , ihijhrZcgb qZlv , dmklZjgbqZlv ,  dhehgdZjmdh^_evgbqZlv , kZih`gbqZlv , khljm^gbqZlv ,  ihe^gbqZlv , iehlgbqZlv , h]hjh^gbqZlv , 

  Dhev ohq_rv gZkl _ e _^ q  jZ^hklb Hlqbag_ ljm ^bkvg_ihdeZ^ZyjmdDlhohq_l gZkl_ e_^q lhl^h[v_lky Fug_ohlbf gZkl_ efgq \hcgu Fu ^Z\gh ohl_eb gZ i_j_f_gmHgZ `_eZ_l \Zf kqZklvy ihlhfm qlh \u _c ^hjh]bKihjlkf_gu klj_fylky d ih[_^_ :jlbkl `Z`^_l mki_oZ ,Hlqbag_±kmsJZ^hklb q_fm" Hlqbag_Gn±HlqbagZ ,,Ihkl±gZjbpg_h^mr`j_ kdeg_ihkl±\ >i_^q ,,,JZ^hklb q_fm" Hlqbag_   H[eZdZ [_]ml gZ^ fhj_f ^\b`mlky   <h^Z [_`bl ba djZgZ l_q_l   Y [_]m ih em]m fqmkv   Djh\v [_`bl ih `beZf l_q_l LjhibgdZ[_`bl\ ]hjm \_^_l 

 G_k^Zlvky kh\\ ±y g_k^Zfkylug_k^Zrvkyhgg_k^Z klky fu g_ k^Z^bfky \u g_ k^Z^bl_kv hgb g_ k^Z^mlky gZ_klvky kh\\ ±y gZ_fkylugZ_rvkyhggZ_klkyfugZ_^bfky\ugZ_^b l_kvhgbgZ_^ylkykha^Zlv kh\\ ±y kha^Zflukha^Zrvhgkha ^Zklfukha^Z^bf\ukha^Z^bl_hgbkha^Z^ml AZaZ\ljZdhf ±FZfZqlhm gZkk_]h^gygZaZ\ljZd" ±Hfe_lk ihfb^hjZfb ±: kdhjhfu[m^_f_klv" ± Kh\k_f kdhjh y m`_ ih lZj_edZf jZkdeZ^u\Zx DmrZcl_ ih `ZemcklZ ±Ijbylgh]hZii_lblZ ±KiZkb[h   ;m^_rv klZjZlvky ± \k_ fh`_l m^Zklvky  Yaud fy]hd qlhohq_l g_kh\\_ e_^q lhb ehihq_lOm^ZykgZklvb hl ^hogmlvg_^ZklQ_]hk_[_g_ohq_rv g_kh\\_ e_^q lh]h b ^jm]bfg_^_eZc>h[jZy keZ\Z e_`blZ om^Zy [_`bl g_kh\\ _ e_^q  Ih\_kl\g_\hkdekeh`gh_bao ijhkluo IZrb g_e_gb\h_kebohq_rv g_kh\\_ e_^q `blvkqZkleb\h 


 Kljhblv i  ]hjh^ \ha\h^blv i  ^hf ih^gbfZlv i  djZ ghf`_e_ah[_lhgguc[ehdg_jZaf_rZe i jZkl\hj^eydeZ^dbih ^Z\Zlv i dhgl_cg_j k dbjibqhf ihfh]Zlv g  jZ[hqbf ijb\Zjb \Zlv i  j_r_ldm [ZedhgZ klhylv g  gZ e_[_^d_ jmdh\h^blv g

kljhbl_eyfb jZa]h\Zjb\Zlv g  k ijhjZ[hf \ha^\b]Zlv i  we_d ljhklZgpbxg_qm\kl\h\Zlv i mklZehklb Kljhblv±\ha\h^blv\ha^\b]Zlv i_j_o

 DeZ^_l qlh"  dbjibq <  \udeZ^u\Z_l qlh"  kl_gm <  kljhbl qlh"  ^hf <  ih^\habl qlh"  ^hkdb <  agZxl dh]h"

Xjm <  Hg\udeZ^u\Z_l kl_gmkljhbl ^hf ^eyfhkd\bq_c Ih\_kl\g_ \hkdeijhklh_jZkijhkljhkeh`gh^ghjkdZam_f =jmah\bdih^ \habl^hkdboh^bl dhrdZ\ky \ ba\_kld_Fu b^_f aZ fZeyjhffu ih^oh^bfd rlmdZlmjm  ;_e_lv \^Zeb [_eblv i  ihlhehd q_jg_lv gZ ]hjbahgl_ q_jgblv i q_eh\_dZkbg_lv\ g_[_kbgblv i [_ev_

 Fbjblv dh]h"  ^jma_c i_j_o g_kh\ \b^  ± fbjblvky k d_f"  k ^jmavyfb g_i_j_o g_kh\ \b^  jZkk_j^blv dh]h"  fZfm i_j_o kh\ \b^  ± jZkk_j^blvky gZ dh]h"  gZ kugZ g_i_j_o kh\ \b^  h[gbfZlv dh]h"  [jZlZ i_j_o g_kh\ \b^  ± h[gbfZlvky k d_f" k [jZlhf g_i_j_og_kh\\b^ ba\bgblv dh]h" mq_gbdZ i_ j_okh\\b^ ±ba\bgblvky i_j_^d_f" i_j_^mqbl_e_f g_i_j_o kh\ \b^  m^b\eylv dh]h"  ijhn_kkhjZ i_j_o g_kh\ \b^  ± m^b\ eylvky q_fm" j_amevlZlm g_i_j_og_kh\\b^    Y \klZeZ jZgh mljhf mfueZkv ijbq_kZeZkv h^_eZkv  Ijb]ey^_ebkv fu d g_fm ihagZdhfbebkv ih[eb`_ ± \b^bf oh jhrbcq_eh\_d;jZlih^jm`bekyk khk_^hfIZkkZ`bjklZe^h `b^Zlvky^jm]hchklZgh\db>_lbb]jZeb\ dhfgZl_

 A^Zgb_`_e_ah[_lhgp_f_gljZkl\hjZjfZlmjZwdkdZ\Zlhj kZfhk\Zeih^t_fgucdjZgdjZgh\sbddZf_gsbdfZeyjrlmdZlm jblv\ha\h^blv B\Zg B\Zgh\bq \ ^\Z qZkZ \u ^he`gu ijb\_alb jZkl\hj gZ kljhciehsZ^dm RlmdZlmjuaZ\ljZ^h^_eu\Z_f\lhjhcwlZ` 


 ;hj_fky ,  aZ ih[_^m jZa^Z_lky ,  klZjlh\uc kb]gZe ih keh`ghc ^bklZgpbb mklj_fbrvky ,,  d nbgbrm km^vy kqblZ_l ,

fbgmluj_dhj^gu_k_dmg^ukihjlkf_gdhkg_lky , [Zjv_jZk ij_ \hkoh^gufj_amevlZlhfkfhljbf ,,bkde gZq_fibhgZ]hlh\bfky ,, d lhj`_kl\_gghc\klj_q_ev_lky , baj_ijh^mdlhjZ^_j`bf ,, bkde dm[hd  Ihfh]ZeZ¹g_kh\\\ ijhr\jihfh]Zx¹gZkl\jbaty \blgZde_eZ¹g_kh\\\ ijhr\j_f¹gZkl\jbaty\blgZde ibeZ¹g_kh\\\ ijhr\jivx¹gZkl\jbaty\blgZdek_eZ¹ kh\\\ ijhr\jky^m¹[m^\jbaty\blgZdeihkb^_eZ¹kh\\ \ ijhr \j ihkb`m ¹ [m^ \j baty\bl gZde \klZeZ ¹ kh\ \ \ ijhr\j\klZgm¹[m^\jbaty\blgZdeihreZ¹kh\\\ ijhr \j ihc^m ¹ [m^ \j baty\bl gZde kdZaZeZ ¹ kh\ \ \ ijhr \j kdZ`m¹[m^\jbaty\blgZdemklZeZ¹kh\\\ ijhr\jmklZgm ¹[m^\jbaty\blgZde  ?keblu^_eZ_rv gZkl qlhlh^h[jhkh\_klghmk_j^ghq_ klghfufh`_f gZkl kdZaZlv ŠLuihljm^beky ijhr gZkeZ\mª ?keb `_ lu hlghkbrvky gZkl  d ^_em g_jZ^b\hkimkly jmdZ\Zfu kdZ`_f [m^ ŠLuiehohjZ[hlZ_rv gZkl ª Keh\hŠljm^blvkyªmf_klghmihlj_[eylvdh]^Zj_qvb^_l gZkl

h q_eh\_d_jZ[hlZxs_fohjhrh\ ihegmxkbem  Ijhr \j oh^beb \b^_eb aZdjbqZeb aZ\bgqb\Ze iha\h ebeg_ih\_jbebih[_`Zebmeu[gmekykdZaZeaZ\bglbe GZkl\jk\bgqb\Zxl[_]mlkoh^yloh^bfkfhljbfh]ey^u\Z _fky\uoh^bl]h\hjbl]ey^bfkoh^blihdZau\Z_l  Baeh`_gb_

 Ijboh^beh [ _^ kj  Âą ijboh^blv fueh _^ kj  [u Âą fulv[ueh _^kj [uÂą[ulvih^Zjbe _^f [uÂąih^Zjblvfh] _^f [uÂąfhqv  ;ue[ug_l_jye[ug_iju]Ze[u\ufue [uih^f_e[u i_j_fue[ugZqbklbe[ujZkklZ\be[uihfh][ukdZaZeZ[u Y [ jm[ZrdbihklbjZe Ih\_kl\g_\hkdeijhklh_jZkijhklj

,K\hbÂąf_klB]jmrdb qvb" k\hbGnÂąk\hc ,,IhklÂąijbly`g_ihklÂą\ <ifgq ,,,B]jmrdb qvb" k\hb




 Lu m_oZe ij\j  Z p\_lu ihkZ`_ggu_ lh[hx jZklml Y kfhljx gZ gbo b fg_ ijbylgh ^mfZlv qlh fhc kugbrdZ hklZ\be ij\j ihke_k_[yg_qlhohjhr__±p\_lu <hl_keb[ulu\k_]^Zb \_a^_\kx`bagvhklZ\eye mg ^eyex ^_clhevdhohjhr__±p\_lufukebkeZ\gu_\hkihfbgZgbyh l_[_ ± e_]dZ b ijbylgZ [ueZ [u mg  l\hy `bagv Lh]^Z lu qm\kl\h\Ze [u mg k_[y\k_f ex^yfgm`gufb wlhqm\kl\hk^_eZeh[u mg

l_[y[h]Zluf^mrhc AgZcqlh\k_]^Zijbylg__hl^Zlvq_f\aylv Hkgh\gZyfukev\ujZ`_gZ\ ihke_^g_fij_^eh`_gbb

,IjbylgZ±ijbeZ]@bagv dZdh\Z" ijbylgZGn±ijbylguc ,,Ihkl±dZq_kl\g_ihkl±\ djZldnhjf__^q`j ,,,@bagv dZdh\Z" [ueZ[uijbylgZ KugbrdZ DZdqm^_kgZ`bagv  ?keb [u m f_gy [ueh a^hjh\v_ jmdb b gh]b \hafh`ghklv ^\b ]Zlvkyihg_h[tylghfmfbjmlhqlh[ueh[u" Y g_ fh] [u ijhklh ihclb y ih[_`Ze [u klj_fbl_evgh b g_ m^_j`bfh Fh`_l [ulv ih[_`Ze [u \ Fhkd\m jy^hf k ih_a^hf ko\Zlb\rbkvaZ\Z]hg< Fhkd\_ijbr_e[ugZaZ\h^ b ijyfh\ dh q_]Zjdmqlh[uhldjulvlhidmihgxoZlvaZiZom]eyr\ujgmlvlm^Z ^h[jmxihjpbx_]hHy ^Ze[ur_klvlukyq±k_fvlukyqijhp_g lh\\ujZ[hldbY [ue[u\_k_eb \k_]^Zqm\kl\h\Ze[udZdqm^_kgZ `bagv GHkljh\kdbc

,Qm^_kgZ±ijbeZ]@bagv dZdh\Z" qm^_kgZGn±qm^_kguc ,,Ihkl±dZq_kl\g_ihkl±\ djZldnhjf__^q`j ,,,@bagv dZdh\Z" qm^_kgZ

 ?keb[uy [ue\ajhkeufb kZfhklhyl_evgufy [uh[t_a^be \_kv fbj Y h[yaZl_evgh ih[u\Ze [u \ `Zjdhc :njbd_ Y i_j_k_d [u gZ dhjZ[eyo \k_ hd_Zgu Y ihagZdhfbeky [u k bg^_cpZfb X` ghc :f_jbdbFh`_l [ulvy [u ^Z`_ klZe iheyjgbdhf b ^h[jZeky [u ^hX`gh]hIhexkZ  >_eZc±^_eZcl_mdjZrZc±mdjZrZcl_\ujZsb\Zc±\ujZ sb\Zcl_[hjbkv±[hjbl_kvg_hijZ\^u\Zc±g_hijZ\^u\Zcl_ Wlb]eZ]heumihlj_[eyxlky\ ih[m^bl_evguoij_^eh`_gbyo




 DhkZjv JZaam^bkvie_qh JZafZogbkvjmdZ LuiZogb\ ebph <_l_jk ihem^gy Hk\_`b\a\hegmc Kl_ivijhklhjgmx AZ`m``bdhkZ AZk\_jdZcdjm]hf AZrmfbljZ\Z Ih^dhr_ggZy Ihdehgbkvp\_lu =heh\hca_fe_

:<Dhevph\

 G_ieZqvl_g_i_qZevl_kvg_ijyqvkyhlex^_cba[Z\vf_ gyhlg_ijbylguojZa]h\hjh\g_mijyfvkyihgZijZkgm ih\_ebl

, Hl g_ijbylguo±ijbeZ]HljZa]h\hjh\ dZdbo" g_ijbylguo Gn±g_ijbylguc ,,Ihkl±dZq_kl\g_ihkl±iheg\ Jifgq ,,,HljZa]h\hjh\ dZdbo" g_ijbylguo

 Ml_rZcl_kv±ml_rvl_kv g g_ ljh]Zcl_ ±g_ ljhgvl_ i  m\_ebqb\Zcl_ ± m\_ebqvl_ i  g_ hkeZ[eycl_ ± g_ hkeZ[vl_ i  \klj_qZcl_ ± \klj_lvl_ i  ih\urZcl_ ± ih\ukvl_ i  g_ aZfhjZ `b\Zcl_±g_aZfhjhavl_ i h[`Zjb\Zcl_±h[`Zjvl_ i mkdhjyc l_ ± mkdhjvl_ i  hlh^\b]Zcl_ ± hlh^\bgvl_ i  hijhdb^u\Zcl_ ± hijhdbgvl_ i   I_ly[_]b ihkdhj__\ rdhem FblydeZ^bq_jl_`\ ihjln_ev R_klbdeZkkgbdbdeZ^bl_\k_\k_]^ZgZf_klh±g_[m^_l_gb dh]^Zgbq_]hbkdZlv Y ih^h`^mke_^mxs_]hljZf\ZyZ luFbrZih_a`ZcgZwlhf <umklZeb>fbljbcK_j]__\bq"Ey]l_hl^hogbl_ ,Gbq_]h±f_klBkdZlv q_]h" gbq_]hGn±gbqlh ,,Ihkl±hljbpg_ihkl±\ Ji ,,,BkdZlv q_]h" gbq_]h 


  Ihc^bl_ ih\_e  \ e_k ihihegbl_ k\hc ]_j[Zjbc ih bsbl_gZk_dhfuodhlhju_qZs_\k_]h\klj_qZxlky\ \Zr_cf_kl ghklb <uky^_l_ baty\ \ eh^dmb gZijZ\bl_kvd ijhlb\hiheh`ghfm [_j_]mLZf\u[_j_l_f_klh^eyiZeZldbihklZ\bl___  Ih\lhjblv ± ih\lhjbl_ ± ih\lhjbl_ \u`^Zlv ± \u`^_l_ ± \u`^bl_\u[jZlv±\u[_j_l_±\u[_jbl_\u]gZlv±\u]hgbl_±\u ]hgbl_ ^_j`Zlv ± ^_j`bl_ ± ^_j`bl_ \uljyklb ± \uljyk_l_ ± \u ljykbl_ \uihealb ± \uihea_l_ ± \uiheabl_ \uclb ± \uc^_l_ ± \uc^bl_\uf_klb±\uf_l_l_ ±\uf_lbl_ kdZaZlv ±kdZ`_l_ ±kdZ `bl_`Z`^Zlv±`Z`^_l_±`Z`^bl_

 GZibrbl_ i  g_[hevrhc jZkkdZa h \Zr_f ex[bfhf aZgy lbb<kihfgbl_ i q_f\uex[bl_ ,, aZgbfZlvky gZ^hkm]_Dh]^Z ih^[_j_l_ , fZl_jbZed khqbg_gbxkhklZ\vl_ i ieZghl[jhkvl_ i  \k_ ebrg__ Ihke_ lh]h dZd \u gZibr_l_ ,  q_jgh\bd \gbfZ l_evghijh\_jvl_ i gZibkZggh_G_lhjhibl_kv i Dh]^Z\ulh jhibl_kv ,,  lh g_ aZf_qZ_l_ ,  g_^hq_lh\ b hrb[hd IjhqblZcl_ i  \kemo k\h_ khqbg_gb_ hlf_lvl_ i  gZ iheyo g_lhqghklb b hrb[dbbkijZ\vl_ i bo^hihegbl_ i khqbg_gb_L_i_jvfh`_l_ , i_j_ibkZlv _]h M \Zkihemqblky ,, ohjhr__khqbg_gb__keb\u[m^_l_ , lj_ [h\Zl_evgud k_[_  Rmldmex[brvgZ^NhfhclZdex[b b gZ^kh[hc Ihke

K_fv jZa hlf_jv h^bg jZa hlj_`v Ihke   Ih`b\b ih^hevr_ lZdb m\b^brvih[hevr_ Ihke DZdihkl_e_rvlZdb \ukibrv ky Ihke >Za^jZ\kl\m_l khegp_^Zkdjh_lky lvfZ :Imrdbg

Ih\_kl\g_\hkdekeh`gh_bao ijhkluo  Kheh\vbkheh\vb g_lj_\h`vl_ khe^Zlimklv khe^Zlug_fgh]hihkiyl :NZlvygh\

>Z[m^_l fbjgZA_fe_K^_eZ_f\k_qlh[ugZrZJh^bgZijhp\_ lZeZ

 >Z a^jZ\kl\m_l I_j\h_ FZy >Z a^jZ\kl\m_l gZrZ Jh^bgZ Imklv a_e_g__l b ijhp\_lZ_l gZr ij_djZkguc ]hjh^ <klj_lbf ijZa^gbdm^Zjgufljm^hfb hlebqghcmq_[hcRdhevgbdbmdjZkbf ]hjh^d ijZa^gbdm 


  < baty\gZdekibrvg_ljm^blkyg__klg_a^hjh\blky g_ijb[Z\blky  < ih\_egZdeg_ki_rbg_kf_rbg_i_gyc  < mkegZdeg_ljm^beky[ug_^h[beky[u G_^h[beky[u q_]h" oe_[Zkibrv ^hq_]h" ^hh[_^Zg_ijb [Z\blky q_]h" fZkeZ ,DlhÂąf_klG_ljm^blky dlh" dlhGnÂądlh ,,IhklÂąhlghkg_ihklÂą\ Bi ,,,G_ljm^blky dlh" dlh ,LhlÂąf_klG__kl dlh" lhlGnÂąlhl ,,IhklÂąmdZag_ihklÂąBifj_^q ,,,G__kl dlh" lhl

 <hl b gZklZeZ baty\  fhy hq_j_^v ^_`mjblv DZdZy lhkdZ \k_lZdbwlZm[hjdZB hiylvih^dZ`^hciZjlhc¹nZglbdb[mfZ` dbdmqZ]jyabGZ^h[uk wlbfihdhgqblv?keb[u gbdlhg_fmkh jbe mke lhb m[bjZlv g_ijbrehkv[u mke  Y hleh`be baty\ \ klhjhgm\_gbdb ljyidm\aye baty\ djZk db b [mfZ]m b k_e baty\  ibkZlv ieZdZl ŠKh[ex^Zcl_ qbklhlmª IeZdZl ihemqbeky baty\  ¹ ijhklh aZ]ey^_gv_ GZ^h ih\_kblv _]h gZkZfhf\b^ghff_kl_lh]^Zgbdhfmb \]heh\m[hevr_g_ijb^_l baty\ [mfZ`dmgZihedbgmlv GZr_e baty\ y de_c b ijbde_be baty\ ieZdZlgZijhlb\ ^hk db <k_ k^_eZe baty\  ^_eh ¹ ]meyc ih\_e  kf_eh Lhevdh y hlh r_e baty\  gZ ^\Z rZ]Z ¹ \^jm] keurm baty\  ohohl aZ kibghc QlhlZdh_"H[hjZqb\Zxkv baty\ ¹gZ^hfghch^ghdeZkkgbdbkf_ xlky baty\  Š=ey^b ih\_e  [hj_p aZ qbklhlm gZ ieZdZl_lh ¹ ke_^ul\hbo]jyaguoeZiª   <_jgmlvg_f_^e_gghG_kfh]eb[u\u\_jgmlvfg_dgb]m m`_ aZ\ljZ" <_jgbdZ fg_ aZ\ljZ dgb`dm <_jgb fg_ dgb]m aZ\ljZ ih`ZemcklZ   AZdjulv ^\_jv k_cqZk `_ G_ fh]eb [u \u aZdjulv ^\_jv" AZdjhcdZ ^\_jv ;m^vl_ lZd ex[_agu aZdjhcl_ ^\_jv ih`Zemc klZ   Baty\gZdeihklmqZeky\ul_jijhly]b\Z_lihdZau\Z_l ihemqbeZklmqblky[u\Zxl 


  Ih\_e gZde jZkibrbl_kv gZibrbl_ \ulbjZcl_ g_ klu^b l_kv Dlh _s_ klmqblky \ ^\_jv" <hijijhklh_jZkijhklj

 KZeZlbanZkheb NZkhevk\Zjbl_hldbgvl_gZkblhb hoeZ^bl_<Zj_gmxfhjdh\v gZj_`vl_dm[bdZfbZ k_ev^_j_c±khehfdhcIjhfhcl_a_e_guckZ eZlgZj_`vl_b kf_rZcl_k hklZevgufbh\hsZfbKhmkijb]hlh\vl_ lZd \ hl^_evgmx ihkm^m iheh`bl_ ]hjqbpm khev kZoZj ih^e_cl_ jZklbl_evgh]hfZkeZb ijb[Z\vl_mdkmkZWlbfkhmkhfaZijZ\vl_kZ eZl ,JZklbl_evgh]h±ijbeZ]FZkeZ dZdh]h" jZklbl_evgh]hGn ±jZklbl_evguc ,,Ihkl±hlghkblg_ihkl±\ Ji_^qkjj ,,,FZkeZ dZdh]h" jZklbl_evgh]h ,Wlbf±f_klKhmkhf dZdbf" wlbfGn±wlhl ,,Ihkl±mdZag_ihkl±\ Li_^qfj ,,,Khmkhf dZdbf" wlbf  Kh\_luxguf\_ehkbi_^bklZf ?a^_ gZ \_ehkbi_^_ mqbl_kv g_kh\  gZ jh\ghc iehsZ^d_ \ klh jhg_hlmebqgh]h^\b`_gby GZmqbl_kv kh\ kZfhklhyl_evghkZ^blvky g_kh\ gZ\_ehkbi_^ IhklZ\vl_ kh\ ijZ\mxi_^Zev\\_job qmlv\i_j_^\klZgvl_ kh\

ke_\Zhl\_ehkbi_^ZDh]^Z[m^_l_^_j`Zlvky g_kh\ aZjmevi_j_ g_kbl_ kh\ ijZ\mxgh]mq_j_ak_^ehb himklbl_ kh\ __ gZi_^Zev G_ ^_j`Zlvky g_kh\  kebrdhf kbevgh aZ jmev Kfhlj_lv g_ kh\ f_ljh\gZiylvr_klv\i_j_^Z g_ gZdhe_khI_^Zeb\jZsZlv g_kh\ jZ\ghf_jgh[_aju\dh\ Ij_`^_q_f\ukimklbl_kv kh\ ij_djZlbl_ kh\ \jZs_gb_i_ ^Ze_cDh]^Zkdhjhklvmf_gvrblky kh\ fZrbgZgZdj_gblky kh\  Himklbl_ kh\ \ klhjhgmgZdehgZgh]bb ihklZ\vl_ kh\ __ gZa_f ex , Hl mebqgh]h±ijbeZ]Hl^\b`_gby dZdh]h" mebqgh]hGn ±mebqguc ,,Ihkl±hlghkblg_ihkl±\ Ji_^qkjj ,,,Hl^\b`_gby dZdh]h" mebqgh]h 


 <havfbl_h\hsbdZimklmk\_demfhjdh\dmdZjlhrdmemd ihfb^hju Ihfhcl_ bo K\Zjbl_ ba dmkdZ fykZ [mevhg G_evay db ^Zlv \k_ h\hsb kjZam Ihj_`vl_ k\_dem ehflbdZfb h[`Zjvl_ gZ kdh\hjh^d_ b iheh`bl_ \ dbiysbc [mevhg Ihlhf ihj_`vl_ b h[ `Zjvl_emdb fhjdh\vfbgmlq_j_aiylgZ^pZlv lh`_iheh`bl_bo\ dZkljxex GZrbgdmcl_ dZimklm ihj_`vl_ dZjlhn_ev b ihfb^hju >h[Z\vl_ bo \ dZkljxex _s_ q_j_a iylgZ^pZlv fbgml <Zjbl_ _s_ qZk gZ g_[hevrhf h]g_ ihlhf ^h[Z\vl_ ki_pbb i_j_p eZ\jh\uc ebkl b a_e_gvQ_j_a^_kylvfbgml[hjs]hlh\  <Ze_jdZkjZamih]jmabeky\ f_qluDhjZ[evgZklhysbcdh jZ[ev [m^_l m gbo Hg klZe ijbdb^u\Zlv dZd [m^_l \u]ey^_lv dh jZ[ev ;_eh]jm^uc b fheqZeb\uc \uieu\_l hg gZ ijhklhj j_qghc \hegu: dZd[m^_lgZau\ZlvkydhjZ[ev"B lmlDZidZkdZaZe©Imklv gZau\Z_lky©:jk_gbc=Zcªª  Lu a\hgbrv baty\ g_kh\  lh\Zjbsm b ]h\hjbrv baty\ g_kh\ lhghfijbdZaZ ©FbrmªBeb ©Ihah\bl_ ih\_ekh\ Fb rmªWlh g_\_`eb\h<_^v d l_e_nhgm ih^hr_e baty\ kh\  g_ba \_klguc l_[_ q_eh\_d Lu jZkkqblu\Z_rv baty\ g_kh\  qlh hg hdZ`_l baty\kh\ l_[_mkem]m±ihah\_l baty\kh\ l\h_]h^jm ]Z d ZiiZjZlm H[ wlhf ke_^h\Zeh [u mke kh\  ihijhkblv kh\  lhgijbdZaZa^_kvg_mf_kl_g

 Ijb]hlh\vl_ k \bg_]j_liheZdhfvl_kvkZeZlhfbak\_`_c nZkhebj_`vl_ g_k dZimklmi_qvibjh]bih^`Zjvl_ k gZjZklb l_evghf fZke_ jZkkl_ebeb [u k  kdZl_jlv kt_rv k  fhjdh\gmx dhle_ldmjZaeh`bl_ k ihlZj_edZf\kdbiylbl_ k \ dZkljxe_ JZah]j_cl_ kgZqZeZ kdh\hjh^dm gZ iebl_ GZe_cl_ g_fgh]h jZk lbl_evgh]h fZkeZ Ihlhf ZddmjZlgh jZa[_cl_ gZ^ kdh\hjh^dhc ^\Z ycpZIhkhebl_Q_j_aiylvfbgmlkgbfbl_kdh\hjh^dmk h]gy    Kf_jdehkv _ e  ihk\_`_eh kjj  \_q_j_eh kj j  ih^fhjhabeh kj j  kl_fg__l _ e  \vx`beh kj j  \k_ ]e Âą baty\gZde

 G_^urblky _ e g_kb^blky _ e kiblky _ e ^j_f e_lky _ e  \k_]eÂąbaty\gZde agh[beh[u mkegZdekjj  G_kb^blky\ oZl_ I g_e_`blkygZi_qb I [ueb\ l_gb I  ^j_fe_lky\ djh\Zld_ I  


,G_kb^blky±]eZ] Qlh^_eZ_l" g_kb^blkyGn±g_kb^_lvky ,,Ihkl±g_kh\\,,kij[_aebqgg_ihkl±baty\gZde\ f e_^q ,,, Qlh^_eZ_l" g_kb^blky ,E_dZjkl\h±kms Qlh" e_dZjkl\hGn±e_dZjkl\h ,,Ihkl±gZjbpg_h^mrkjj_ kdeg_ihkl±Bi_^q ,,, Qlh" e_dZjkl\h

 >urblkye_]dh g_kh\ keZ^dh^j_fe_lky g_kh\ iblv g_ ohq_lky g_kh\  ijb^_lky kh\  g_ kh]eZkblvky kh\  k wlbf ij_^ eh`_gb_f   Ke_]dZijh]j_f_ehRmfbl\ mrZo< ihe_iZog_lf_^hf Gbq_]hqm^_kgh]hg_k\_jrbehkv  =^_lh^Ze_dhijh]j_f_eh wohE_kaZ^mfqb\hrmfblEZg^ur m^b\bl_evghijbylghiZog_lK\_jrbehkv qm^h

 GZ\_jom gZ q_j^Zd_ ihk\bklu\Zeh g_kh\ \  ih^\u\Zeh g_kh\\ ijhly`gh<hl±aZlygmeh kh\\ [Zkhf ©Mmmmmª Ih lhfaZ\bldhfi_j_reh kh\\ gZlhgdbc`Zeh[guc]hehkb aZk\b kl_eh kh\ \  \ h^gm gha^jx B kgh\Z kimklbehkv kh\ \  \ [Zk b gZ^meh kh\\ ]m[u :GLheklhc

 K_]h^gy y aZdhgqm ,, i_j_o  ihehqdm ^ey dgb] Dh]^Z \k_ ih^ jmdhcjZ[hlZ_lky , e_]dhEZd eh`blky ,, jh\gh?s_ h^bg ^\ZfZadZ±b ihehqdZ]hlh\ZY ohqm ih^Zjblv ,,i_j_o __ feZ^ r_ck_klj_gd_ImklvihklZ\bl ,,i_j_o gZg__k\hbdgb]bLhlh [m^_ljZ^hklb Eh`blky

 <q_jZ \_q_jhf y\b^bfhaZ[he_eK_]h^gy k mljZ y ihgye qlhfg_g_a^hjh\blky<klZxk ihkl_eb±jy[bl\ ]eZaZoIhklhyggh agh[blohly \ dhfgZl_ l_ieh Dh]^Z gZdehgyxkv a\_gbl \ mrZo Y \_kv]hjyqbcf_gyebohjZ^bl  Qmlv k\_lZ_l ijb]hlh\vl_kv d klZjlm gZ`bfZ_l gZ i_^Zev \_ehkbi_^Z mqZkl\m_l \ h[eZklguo khj_\gh\Zgbyo xgufb kihjl kf_gZfb ebdh\Zgb_ [he_evsbdh\ \ujZ`Z_f \hklhj] gZ^h \ha\jZ lblvkygZkhklyaZgbyijbdhkg_rvkyd nbgbrghce_gl_ 


 Y [u \ e_lqbdbihr_e ± Imklv f_gygZmqZl GZeb\Zx \ [Zd[_gabg AZ\h`m ijhi_ee_j < g_[_kZfhlhj\_ab Qlh[\aZf_ggbabg Jy^hfilbpui_eb ;hylvkyg_gZ^h Gb^h`^ygb]jZ^Z

<FZydh\kdbc

,Ihr_e[u±]eZ]Y qlhk^_eZe[u" ihr_e[uGn±ihclb ,,Ihkl±kh\\b^g_i_j_o,kijg_ihkl±mkegZde_^q`j ,,,Y qlhk^_eZe[u" ihr_e[u ,AZ\h`m±]eZ] Qlh^_eZx" aZ\h`mGn±aZ\h^blv ,,Ihkl±g_kh\\b^i_j_o,,kijg_ihkl±baty\gZdegZkl \j_ e_^q ,,, Qlh^_eZx" aZ\h`m ,<_ab±]eZ] Qlh^_eZc" \_abGn±\_alb ,,Ihkl±g_kh\\b^i_j_o,kijg_ihkl±ih\_egZde_^q ,,, Qlh^_eZc" \_ab ,;hylvky±]eZ]G_gZ^h qlh^_eZlv" [hylvkyGn±[hylvky ,,Ihkl±g_kh\\b^g_i_j_o,kijgn ,,,G_gZ^h qlh^_eZlv" [hylvky

 K l_oihjijhrehfgh]he_lDjZkZ\_plhihevhiylvjZajhk kyh[lygmeky k\_`_cdhjhcaZa_e_g_e hkljh\_johcdjhghc <hl dZdZy bklhjby ijhbahreZ fgh]h e_l gZaZ^ \ ih^fhkdh\ghc ^_j_\g_ ;Z[mrdbgjZkkdZa Fhy [Z[mrdZ jZkkdZaZeZ fg_ dZdlh bklhjbx k\h_c k_klju l_lb DZlb Y agZeqlh[Z[mrdbgh^_lkl\hijbrehkvgZ\h_ggu_]h^uIjZ ^_^mrdZ\h_\ZeZ \kxk_fvxhlijZ\beb\ w\ZdmZpbxgZMjZeIjZ [Z[mrdZfgh]hjZ[hlZeZZ \\uoh^gu_hgbgZ\_sZeb^_lkdbc^hfb ihfh]Zebq_ffh]eb^_lyfdhlhju_hklZebkv[_ajh^bl_e_c< ^_l ^hf_[ueZh^gZkh\k_fkeZ[Zyb [hevgZy^_\hqdZb ijZ[Z[mrdZ\ay 


eZ __ d k_[_ ^hfhc \uoZ`b\Zlv ohly bf kZfbf ihjhc [ueh g_q_]h _klv>_\hqdZ\ua^hjh\_eZijb`beZkv\ k_fv_b klZeZgZa\Zghck_ klj_gdhcfh_c[Z[mrdb Y \gbfZl_evghkemrZe[Z[mrdbgjZkkdZab hq_gvjZ^h\Zekyqlh km^v[Z keh`beZkv lZd <_^v l_ly DZly ± lZdZy ^h[jZy b ^mr_\gZy \kyk_fvy__ hq_gvex[blB yihgyeqlh[ebadZyjh^gy±g_h[yaZ l_evghjh^gyihdjh\b  MqZkl\h\Zlv jZkkdZau\Zlv [_k_^h\Zlv kh\_lh\Zlv [Zeh \Zlv ijhkfZljb\Zlv qm\kl\h\Zlv lj_[h\Zlv bkiulu\Zlv ihlq_ \Zlv aZ\_^h\Zlv jZkkqblu\Zlv ^hkZ^h\Zlv bkihevah\Zlv fh[beb ah\ZlvmdeZ^u\ZlvdhfZg^h\Zlv JZkkdZau\Zlvdh_h q_fkh\_lh\Zlvqlheb[h^hkZ^h\ZlvgZdh]hlh ,JZkkdZau\Zx±]eZ] Qlh^_eZx" jZkkdZau\ZxGn±jZkkdZ au\Zlv ,,Ihkl±g_kh\\b^i_j_o,kijg_ihkl±baty\gZdegZkl \j_ e_^q ,,, Qlh^_eZx" jZkkdZau\Zx  Bkihevah\Zlv ± bkihevah\Ze `Zeh\Zlvky ± `Zeh\Zeky lZg p_\Zlv ± lZgp_\Ze jZkkijZrb\Zlv ± jZkkijZrb\Ze hlieyku\Zlv ± hlieyku\Ze hldZiu\Zlv ± hldZiu\Ze \ukqblu\Zlv ± \ukqblu\Ze \kiZob\Zlv ± \kiZob\Ze ijhiZeu\Zlv ± ijhiZeu\Ze kdeZ^u\Zlv ± kdeZ^u\Ze ihijh[h\Zlv ± ihijh[h\Ze aZljZ]b\Zlv ± aZljZ]b\Ze ijh\_ljb\Zlv±ijh\_ljb\Ze^g_\Zlvb ghq_\Zlv±^g_\Zeb ghq_\Ze LZgp_\Zlvhlieyku\Zlv

 JZ^m_lky±jZ^h\Zeky[u±jZ^mckyebdm_f±ebdh\ZeZ[u± ebdmcl_lhj`_kl\m_rv±lhj`_kl\h\Zeb[u±lhj`_kl\mc\_k_eylky ±\_k_ebebkv[u±\_k_ebl_kv <_k_ebkvgZjh^JZ^h\Zeky[uy dZgbdmeZf^hih]h^ZiehoZy  M\_ebqb\Zlv ± m\_ebqb\Zx aZb]ju\Zlv ± aZb]ju\Zx aZih l_\Zlv ± aZihl_\Zx gZi_\Zlv ± gZi_\Zx hijZ\^u\Zlv ± hijZ\^u \Zx gZeb\Zlv ± gZeb\Zx h[f_gb\Zlv ± h[f_gb\Zx hkeZ[_\Zlv ± hkeZ[_\Zx ijb[b\Zlv ± ijb[b\Zx \kdjbdb\Zlv ± \kdjbdb\Zx ih \_e_\Zlv ± ih\_e_\Zx aZib\Zlv ivx  ± aZib\Zx aZi_\Zlv ihx  ± aZi_\Zx 


 FZjrbjh\ZlvkZexlh\Zlvfh^_ebjh\Zlv l_e_]jZnbjh\Zlv ij_fbjh\Zlvkh\_lh\ZlvZ^j_kh\Zlvpblbjh\Zlvnhlh]jZnbjh\Zlv ijhl_klh\ZlvfZkdbjh\Zlv]jmiibjh\Zlv]ZjZglbjh\Zlvke_^h\Zlv dhfZg^h\Zlv Ij_fbjh\Zlvklm^_glh\pblbjh\ZlvdeZkkbdh\nhlh]jZnbjh\Zlv dhrdm >_lkl\h\ ^_j_\g_  Y jh^beky b \ujhk \ ^_j_\g_ Fu j_[ylbrdb \k_]^Z i_j\ufb magZ\Zebgh\hklb Dhjh[_cgbdbihdZau\ZebaZfZgqb\u_dZjlbgdbY aZ\b^h\Ze[h ]Zlkl\m [jh^yqbo lhj]h\p_\ b gZqZe jbkh\Zlv kdZahqguo ]_jh_\ Z lZd`_a\_j_cb ^hfZrgbo`b\hlguo Abfhc fu ex[beb ih ke_^Zf jZkimlu\Zlv a\_jbgu_ obljhklb MagZ\Zebilbpih]hehkZfMf_ebbfih^jZ`Zlv Dj_klvygkdbcljm^kuafZevkl\ZagZdhffg_Y biZoZeb k_yeb fhehlbeiZkkdhlbgm\habek em]h\k_gh<k_ihijh[h\Zeihqm\kl \h\Ze Ihex[be ljm^ ± kZfmx \_jgmx hihjm q_eh\_dZ ± gZ \kx `bagv KDhg_gdh\

<k_]eZ]heu±\ ijhr_^r_f\j_f_gb  >bdlZgl

 IeZg ,=eZ]hedZdqZklvj_qb ,,Ihklhyggu_fhjnheh]bq_kdb_ijbagZdb]eZ]heZ  \b^  kijy`_gb_ ,,,jZaghkijy]Z_fu_]e   i_j_oh^ghklv ,,,G_ihklhyggu_fhjnheh]bq_kdb_ijbagZdb]eZ]heZ  \j_fy  ebphqbkehjh^ \ ijhr\j   gZdehg_gb_kihkh[u h[jZah\Zgby mkeh\gh]h b ih\_ebl_evgh ]hgZdehg_gbc ,9;_aebqgu_]eZ]heu 9Keh\hh[jZah\Zgb_]eZ]heh\=eZkgu_\ kmnnbdkZo]eZ]heh\  h\Z±u\Z  


 Hl_q_kl\hfh_Jhkkby Ex[exl_[yI_ljZl\hj_gv_ Ex[exl\hckljh]bckljhcguc\b^ G_\u^_j`Z\gh_l_q_gv_ ;_j_]h\hc__ ]jZgbl L\hboh]jZ^mahjqm]mgguc L\hboaZ^mfqb\uoghq_c IjhajZqguckmfjZd[e_kd[_aemgguc Dh]^Zy \dhfgZl_fh_c IbrmqblZx[_aeZfiZ^u B ykgukiysb_]jhfZ^u Imklugguomebpb k\_leZ :^fbjZel_ckdZyb]eZ Bg_imkdZylvfmghqgmx GZahehlu_g_[_kZ H^gZaZjykf_gblv^jm]mx Ki_rbl^Z\ghqbiheqZkZ

:Imrdbg

,Ex[ex±]eZ] Qlh^_eZx" ex[exGn±ex[blv ,,Ihkl ±g_kh\ \b^ i_j_o ,, kij g_ihkl ± \ baty\ gZde \ gZkl\j_ e_^q ,,, Qlh^_eZx" ex[ex Ykgu±ykgu >c@±kh]ea\fy]d >Z@±]eZkgm^ >k@±kh]e]emol\ >g@±kh]ea\l\ >u@±]eZkg[_am^ [a\   G_ojZ[jbkv ih\_e g_ljmkv ih\_e g_kmcky ih\_e  \b^bl baty\ g_cf_l baty\ g_[_`bl baty\   G_lZ_l baty\ ohq_lky baty\  , AZ d_f±f_klIh]hgb aZd_f" aZd_fGn±dlh ,,Ihkl±hlghkblg_ihkl±\ Li ,,,Ih]hgb aZd_f" aZd_f 


,LhlÂąf_klG_[_`bl dlh" lhlGnÂąlhl ,,IhklÂąmdZag_ihklÂą\ Bi_^qfj ,,,G_[_`bl dlh" lhl E_alv >eÂś@Âąkh]ea\fy]d >w@Âą]eZkgm^ >kÂś@Âąkh]e]emofy]d >lÂś@Âąkh]e]emofy]d [a\

  ijb`_qvijb\e_qvbki_qvkljbqvky[_j_qvkyh[`_qvky   aZ]hjZ_rv ijbdhkg_rvky ijb_a`Z_rv r_iq_rvky jZkk_j ^brvkyjZkqbsZ_rv  h[_ki_qvl_mfgh`vaZfZ`vg_lj_\h`vl_kvkijyqvl_kv  ;hj_fky \b^bf ]hgyl hlj_`vl_ g_ _rvl_ g_ ljhgvl_ g_ kb^blky ^urblky g_a^hjh\blky kh\_lh\Zlv hiZa^u\Zlv ihijh[h \Zlv`Zeh\Zlvky  ? bB \hdhgqZgbyokeh\ QZklvj_qb ? B Kms_kl\bl_evgh_ D ^hjh]_ _ kde M ^hjh]b _ kde >i  h ^hjh]_ _ J i  [_a l_gb _ kdeIi \ ihe_  kde  gZ klZgpbb gZ _ kdeIi

Âąby  hl \j_f_gb gZ Âąfy

Qbkebl_evgh_ Q_luj_ Bi

D iylb[_aiylgZ^pZ lb dZd_ kde

=eZ]he K__f ,  kl_e_rv , Ex[brv ,,  \b^bf bkde

,,bkde

 ;md\uH?? \hdhgqZgbyokeh\ihke_rbiysbo QZklbj_qb H ? Âą? Kms_kl\bl_evgh_ Dexqhfk\_qhc Lh\Zjbs_filbp_c IjbeZ]Zl_evgh_ ;hevrh]hqm`hfm Ohjhr_]h]hjyq_fm =eZ]he I_q_ll_q_f   Qlhex[blky ,, q_f^urblky ,,  >mrZq_f\ZrZihegblky ,,  Lh\ ]hehk_mkeurblky ,,  Lh\ i_k_gd_ijbihfgblky ,,g_i_j_o 




: fukih_f ,i_j_o h jh^bg_ K dhlhjhcklhevdhk\yaZgh K dhlhjhcklhevdhijhc^_gh Ohjhr_]hb jZagh]h Ly`_eh_aZ[m^_lky ,  Ohjhr__hklZg_lky ,  Qlhk jh^bghxklZg_lky ,  Lhb kgZjh^hfk[m^_lky , 

BMldbg

 Nhg_lbdZa\md E_dkbdZkeh\h NjZa_heh]bynjZa_heh]baf Fhjn_fbdZ keh\hh[jZah\Zgb_ fhjn_fZ Fhjnheh]byqZklvj_qb KbglZdkbkkeh\hkhq_lZgb_ij_^eh`_gb_

 JZa^_eugZmdbh yaud_ IeZg ,YaudhagZgb_b _]hjZa^_eu ,,DZdhcjZa^_ebamqZ_la\mdb" ,,,DZdhcjZa^_ebamqZ_lqZklbkeh\Z" ,9DZdb_jZa^_eubamqZxlkeh\h"  Fhjnheh]by keh\hdZdqZklvj_qb_]h]jZffZlbq_kdh_agZq_gb_   E_dkbdZ keh\hb _]he_dkbq_kdh_agZq_gb_ njZa_heh]by 9DZdhcjZa^_ebamqZ_lkeh\hkhq_lZgb_b ij_^eh`_gb_"

 =heh^gZy\heqboZ\klZeZqlh[ub^lbgZhohlm?_\heqZlZ \k_ ljh_ dj_idh kiZeb k[b\rbkv \ dmqm b ]j_eb ^jm] ^jm]Z HgZ h[ebaZeZbob ihreZ ;ue m`_\_k_ggbc f_kyp fZjlgh ih ghqZf ^_j_\vy lj_sZeb hl oheh^Z dZd \ ^_dZ[j_ b _^\Z \ukmg_rv yaud dZd _]h gZqbgZeh kbevgh sbiZlv <heqboZ [ueZ keZ[h]h a^hjh\vy fgbl_evgZy hgZ \a^jZ]b\ZeZhlfZe_cr_]hrmfZb \k_^mfZeZh lhfdZd[u^hfZ[_a g__dlhg_h[b^_e\heqZlAZiZoq_eh\_q_kdbob ehrZ^bguoke_^h\ keh`_ggu_ ^jh\Z b l_fgZy mgZ\h`_ggZy ^hjh]Z im]Zeb __ _c dZaZ ehkv [m^lh aZ ^_j_\vyfb \ ihl_fdZo klhyl ex^b b ]^_lh aZ e_khf \hxlkh[Zdb :Q_oh\




 Hjnh]jZffu ± [_am^Zjgu_ ]eZkgu_ \ dhjgyo b kmnnbdkZo keh\ QZklbkeh\Z Hjnh]jZffu ijh\_jy_ Hjnh]jZffu g_ ijh\_ fu_ijZ\beZfb jy_fu_ijZ\beZfb <^Zeb ^Zev ij_^eZ]Zlv Ijh]jZffZ [jhrxjZ jZklb \ulbjZlv q_jguc rh\ s_ldZ AZcqhghddgb`_qdZ <b^_lv bkde

kblp_\uciZjqh\uc

 Hjnh]jZffu±kh]eZkgu_[md\u\ dhjgyob kmnnbdkZokeh\

QZklbkeh\Z Hjnh]jZffu ijh\_jy_ Hjnh]jZffu g_ ijh\_ fu_ijZ\beZfb jy_fu_ijZ\beZfb F_klguceh^dZ <hdaZe ijZa^gbd qm\kl \h Dbj]bakdbcju[Zpdbc >_j_\ygguc \_lj_guc dh`Zguch[udgh\_gguc bkde

  Gljm`_gbd]hklbgbpZxghklvmq_gucev\bguc   GG kh\j_f_ggbd \ZggZy klhjhggbd ie_fyggbd bklbgguc ie_ggbdmlj_ggbd

 Fu\t_oZeb\ ijb[j_`gu_aZjhkebdm\rbghdb ]hlh\bebkv ijbklZlv gh \ wlh \j_fy k [_j_]Z jZa^Zehkv \ba]eb\h_ ly\dZgv_ b ^jh`Zsbco\ZlZxsbc aZ k_j^p_ \hc LZf ]^_ fu kimkdZeb eh^dm gZ[_j_]mgZijbfylhcljZ\_klhyeZih^`Z\o\hkl\heqbpZk lj_fy \heqZlZfbb \ueZih^gy\fhj^md g_[m Y [jhkbe \ \heqbpm ly`_euf k\bgph\uf ]jmabehf HgZ hlkdh qbeZb jukphcih[_`ZeZhl[_j_]Z DIZmklh\kdbc

 HdhgqZgbybfkmsg_l^hjh]b _ kdeJi h ^hjh]_  _ kdeIi gZe_dpbb gZ±by g_l\j_f_gb gZ±fy  HdhgqZgby bf ijbeZ] kbgbf dZdbf"  g_[hf h kbg_f h dZ dhf" g_[_[hevrhfmdmkdmohjhr_fm^jm]m HdhgqZgbybfqbkebld iylbm ljbgZ^pZlbiylvx^_kylvxiy lvx HdhgqZgby]eZ]heh\de_bf ,, aZ\bkbl ,,bkde gZ^__lky ,  


  q_jguc`_elucdju`h\gbd bkde   kblp_\uciZjqh\uc^_\qhgdZdgb`_qdZ  dexqhflh\Zjbs_f[hevrhfm]hjyq_fm[_j_`zl

   V gZ dhgp_ kms i_qv f_ehqv fheh^_`v g_fhsv imk lhrvjhslh\Zjbs   V \ gn ]eZ]heZ ijb`_qv i_qv ij_g_[j_qv ijbgZe_qv ijb \e_qvij_\hafhqv  V \ih\_eblgZde]eZ]heZh[hagZqvg_lj_\h`vij_m\_ebqv kt_rvh[_ki_qv  V \f e_^q]e\havf_rvjZkkqblZ_rvkt_rv  gZdhgp_djZldboijbeZ]k\_`ebgxqlj_kdmqly]mq   G?k kmsb ijbeZ]g_jyoZg_ijbylgucg_^jm]Z \jZ]  G?k ]eZ]hehfg_^hmf_\Zlvg_[ueg_\b^_lv  G?k f_klg_qlhg_kdhevdhg_k d_f < wlhf]hjh^_fg_g_k d_fih\klj_qZlvkyb g_d dhfmihclbG_ jyoZb g_\_`Z±iehob_]hklb

 Q_]hlhevdhg_magZ_rve_lhfE_lh±kZfucm^b\bl_evguc kdZahqgbd kZfuc fh]ms_kl\_gguc \her_[gbd Ih^ dZ`^uf a_e_ gufebklhqdhfhghijbijylZehdZdh_gb[m^vbak\hboqm^_k Mf_cl_lhevdhjZkkeurZlvijbf_lblvjZkkfhlj_lv_]h <hla_feygbdZZe__lih^ \uj_aguf ebklhqdhfIjboh^behkv eb \Zf \b^_lv gZ^dmkZggu_ y]h^db" =h\hjyl qlh ys_jdZ gZ^dmkbeZ M^b\bl_evgh_^_ehY]h^dbk gZ^dmkhf\k_]^ZkZfu_ki_eu_kZfu_ keZ^db_ ?Jm[ph\Z

,?]h±f_klJZkkfhlj_lv qlh" _]hGn±hgh ,,Ihkl±ebqgg_ihkl±\ <i_^qkjj ,,,JZkkfhlj_lv qlh" _]h  H[fZdgm\ dbklv \ a_e_gmx djZkdm lu kf_eh ih\_e _x ih [mfZ]_\ lhff_kl_]^_gZjbkmgd_^he`gZ[ulvebkl\Z^_j_\v_\: lu ihc^b _s_ jZa \ e_k b jZkkfhljb dZdb_gb[m^v ^_j_\vy \gbfZ l_evgh G_`ghc `_elh\Zlha_e_ghc ebkl\hc jZkimkdZ_lky \_kghc [_j_ aZ dZd [m^lh \ a_e_gmx djZkdm __ ebklhqdh\ khegp_ ijhebeh g_ 


fgh]hk\h_]hl_ieZJy^hflhevdhqlhgZqZejZkimkdZlvky^m[_]h ebklvyhjZg`_\ha_e_gh]hp\_lZ: [hevrZyfhogZlZy_evdZ`_lky kbg_a_e_ghckeh\ghhklZeZkvk abfu \ o\h_ dZdZylh abfgyy klm `Z GZjbkmcl_i_jvlhqlhm\b^_e>h[Z\v\ a_e_gmxdjZkdmgm`gh ]hp\_lZ ,DZdZylh±f_klKlm`Z dZdZy" dZdZylhGn±dZdhclh ,,Ihkl±g_hijg_ihkl±\ Bi_^q`j ,,,Klm`Z dZdZy" dZdZylh <gbfZl_evgh

 FZckdbc^_gvdZdbfy m\b^_e_]h\q_jZ FZc±i_j\ucihgZklhys_fml_ieucf_kypHgijboh^bl b gZ ihfbgZ_lgZfh e_l_dhlhjh_g_aZ]hjZfb <hl lZd y \q_jZ r_e ih mebp_h^_luc kh\k_f e_]dhb f_qlZe h dZgbdmeZo K\_lbeh yjdh_ khegurdh B \^jm] \ dZdb_lh iylv fb gmlih^mej_adbc\_l_jg_[haZ\hehdehlmqZfb ©DZ`_lky^h`^bd kh[bjZ_lkyª±ih^mfZey keh\ZfbIylZqdZ >h`^bd"WlhkebrdhfkeZ[hkdZaZghLhqlh jZajZabehkv [md \Zevghq_j_ak_dmg^m\hh[s_ljm^ghhibkZlvkeh\ZfbEb\_gvoeu gmedZdba\_ljZb ihqlbkrb[f_gyk gh]Y mdjueky\ i_j\hfih iZ\r_fkyih^t_a^_b gZ[ex^ZehklZevgh_m`_hllm^Z < ihl_fg_\r_f g_[_ [ebklZeb fhegbb ]j_f_e fh]mqbc ]jhf LZdhc ]jhau fu ^Z\gh g_ \b^u\Zeb <_l_j ijhklh g_bklh\kl\h\Ze gZfhbo]eZaZokehfZeh\_ldmklZjh]h^_j_\ZIhmebp_[_`Zeb[mj gu_ihlhdb\h^u\ gbohljZ`Zebkvh]g_ggu_\kiurdb KZfh_ bgl_j_kgh_ qlh \k_ wlh mlboeh [md\Zevgh q_j_a ^_kylv fbgmlLmqdbjZa[_`Zebkvb khegp_aZk\_lbeh_s_yjq_keh\gh_]h ijhl_jeb fhdjhc ljyidhc Lhevdh em`b ^Z kehfZggZy \_ldZ gZih fbgZebh ijhr_^r_c]jha_ Y r_e^hfhcb ^mfZeh lhfqlhfZc±hq_gvi_j_f_gqb\ucf_ kyp  >hklhiZfylgmx ihf_klv_ ke_^kl\_ggh hlklZ\ghc aZk_^Z l_ev IueZe kljZklbx ^jm] [_a ^jm]Z ^urZlv g_ fh`_f njZa_heh ]bafu  


 Hl_q_kl\hfh_Jhkkby L_e_pdh_ha_jh KdZeu kdZeu Ha_jh aZ`Zlh bfb ^h k^Z\e_gghklb AZih\_^gZy klhjhgZ_s_k ijbdehghfZ ke_\hckiehrvgZ\hjhlkdZeh]jhfguo fjZqguo baj_aZgguo ms_evyfb b jZaehfZfb ih[bluo h[\ZeZfb <h^Z_^\Zmki_\kh[jZlvky\ l_qvijbgm`^_gZiZ^Zlv Kgh\Z b kgh\Z ihjZ`Z_rvky dZd fZeh gZ^h ^_j_\m qlh[u mp_ iblvkygZ]hehfdZ`_lkydZfg_b ebkl\_ggbpZb d_^jb [_j_adZZ jy^hf dmklu fZjZevgbdZ q_jghc b djZkghc kfhjh^bgu ljm[hqdb ^bdh]h emdZ imqdb j_\_gy Gb]^_ gb ijhk\_lZ \a]ey^ mibjZ_lky lhevdh\ kl_gmGhm`m \h^um [_j_]Z±b aZeb\qbdbb ]jhlub ^b dh\bggu_dZf_ggu_nb]mju\ulhq_ggu_\heghcb ijh[mxsbcgZ fulvky\ iey`hdi_khd <JZkimlbg

Khegp_g_lg_eZkdh\hklbkh_^bgy_lky\ \her_[gmxdZjlbgm L_dklom^h`_kl\_ggh]hklbeyHkgh\gZyfukevL_e_pdh_ha_jh `b\hibkghb [h]ZlhjZklbl_evghklvx

 =hgqZjguc±]hgqZjgh]h]hgqZjgu_]hgqZjguc±]hgqZj < ^_]lyjg_ ± ^_]lyjg_c ^_]lyjgx \ ^_]lyjg_ ± ^_]hlv ^_]lyj guc Klheyjhf ± klheyju klheyjZ klheyjhf ± klheyjguc klheyjgb qZlv K ibehx±ibeZibeuk ibehx±ibeblvibevsbdibehjZfZ Dh`b±dh`Zdh`_dh`b±dh`Zgucdh`_\_ggucdh`ZgdZ Dlh ijZ^_^ Dmag_ph\Z" <hijijhklh_jZkijhklj

,NZfbebx±kmsKijhkb qlh" nZfbebxGn±nZfbeby ,,Ihkl±gZjbpg_h^mr`jgZ±byg_ihkl±\ <i_^q ,,,Kijhkb qlh" nZfbebx ,Jhkkbb±kmsBklhjbx q_]h" JhkkbbGn±Jhkkby ,,Ihkl±kh[kl\g_h^mr`j_ kdelhevdh_^qg_ihkl± \ Ji ,,,Bklhjbx q_]h" Jhkkbb

 @_e_aguc\_l_j[be\ ebphZ hgb\k_reb\i_j_^B kgh\Z qm\kl\hkm_\_jgh]hkljZoZho\Zlu\Zeh ijhlb\gbdZEx^b eb reb \ ZlZdmkf_jlguebhgb">Zfu[uebijhklufb kf_jlgufbb fZeh 


dlhmp_e_ebagZkGh\k_fu\uihegbebk\hciZljbhlbq_kdbc^he] i_j_^k\ys_gghcfZl_jvxJh^bghc @_e_aguc\_l_j i_j_g

@_e_aguc \_l_j [be\ ebphZ hgb \k_reb \i_j_^ Ih\_klg_ \hkdekeh`gh_bao ijhkluo

, I_j_^ fZl_jvx ± kms >he] i_j_^ d_f"  i_j_^ fZl_jvx G n±fZlv ,,Ihkl±gZjbph^mr`j_ kdeg_ihkl±\ Li\ _^q ,,,>he] i_j_^d_f" i_j_^fZl_jvx

 Q_eh\_d\i_j\u_ihiZ\rbcgZKZoZebgbebDmjbeug_i_ j_klZ_lm^b\eylvkykdZahqghcdjZkhl_^Zevg_\hklhqghcijbjh^u< jZklbl_evghf fbj_ a^_kv pZjbl lZdhc m^b\bl_evguc [_kihjy^hd qlhihjhcg_agZ_rv]^_lugZoh^brvky±\ aghcguo ebkm[ljhib dZobeb\ kmjh\hckb[bjkdhclZc]_\ e_kZoIh^fhkdh\vybebgZ[_ j_]m E_^h\blh]h hd_ZgZ H]jhfgu_ aZjhkeb [Zf[mdZ a^_kv khk_^kl \mxl k ibolZfb b _eyfb x`gZy fZ]gheby m`b\Z_lky k k_\_jghc dZf_gghc [_j_ahc khqgu_ Zevibckdb_ em]Z ± k aZjhkeyfb [_j_a b de_gh\i_j_\bluoebZgZfbb ^bdbf\bgh]jZ^hf :Ihih\

;_ihjy^hd ± ihjy^hd ijbkl  kb[bjkdhc ± Kb[bjv kmn  Ih^ fhkdh\vy±Fhkd\Z ijbklkmn aZjhkeb±aZjZklb kmn 

 H\jZ] B ah\ml<_ebdbf L h[ju\bklu_ B [hdZ B _]h J ]mklhihjhkeblZevgbdhf L jZdblhc L b [mjvyghf L e_ lhf\ g_f I ijhoeZ^ghkujh Ih^gm > h\jZ]Z J [_`blkeZ^dha\_gydexq B ba\_klguc \h \k_f I  ;m_\_ I  \dmkhf L  djbklZevghc J  klm^_ghc J

\h^u J lZdhcklm^_ghc J qlhhlg__ J b \aghcguc < ^_gv < am[u < ehfblkeh[h`Zg_ B kqblZxlwlm < \h^m < k\h _c L p_e_[ghc L ]hj^ylky_x L ivxllhevdh__ < b hllh]h `b\ml^he]h IhF=hjvdhfm

   < r_klgZ^pZlb kljhqdZo ^_\ylv jZa \hk_fv^_kyl r_klv [md\klhh^bggZ^pZlv[md\  k_fvjZar_klvjZa  k_fv^_kyl[md\\hk_fv^_kylr_klv[md\ :a[mdZ±ZenZ\bl 


Ahehlhcem]  Fu B `beb\ ^_j_\g_i_j_^hdghfm gZk J [ueem]\_kvah ehlhchlfgh`_kl\Zp\_lmsboh^m\Zgqbdh\Wlh [ueh hq_gvdjZkb \h<k_]h\hjbeb©Hq_gvdjZkb\hEm]±ahehlhcª H^gZ`^uy B jZgh\klZem^blv ju[mb aZf_lbeqlhem][ueg_ ahehlhcZ a_e_gucDh]^Z`_y B \ha\jZsZekyhdhehihem^gy^h fhc em] [ue hiylv \_kv ahehlhc Y B  klZe gZ[ex^Zlv D \_q_jm em] hiylviha_e_g_e Ih\_kl\g_\hkdeijhklh_jZkijhklj Lh]^Z y B ihr_ehlukdZe h^m\Zgqbdb hdZaZehkvqlhhg B k`Zek\hb e_i_kldbdZd\k_jZ\gh_keb[um gZk J iZevpukhklhjhgueZ^h gb [ueb`_elu_bk`Z\dmeZdfu B aZdjueb[u`_elh_Mljhf dh]^Zkhegp_\ahrehy B \b^_edZdh^m\ZgqbdbjZkdju\Zxlk\hb eZ^hgbb hlwlh]hem]klZgh\blkyhiylvahehluf FIjbr\bg

,<_kvÂąf_klEm] dZdhc" \_kvahehlhcGnÂą\_kv ,,IhklÂąhij_^g_ihklÂą\ Bi_^qfj ,,,Em] dZdhc" \_kvahehlhc , Hl wlh]hÂąf_klKlZgh\blky hlq_]h" hlwlh]hGnÂąwlh ,,IhklÂąmdZag_ihklÂą\ Ji_^qkjj ,,,KlZgh\blky hlq_]h" hlwlh]h QlhÂąkhxa \ f ij_^e g_baf



6 класс | Русский язык  

Баранов М.Т.

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you