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707313 History of Eastern Art

707313

History of

Eastern Art


Chapter I : Asian Primitive art and Ancient world

- Prehistoric People and Primitive Art in Asia -Tigris - Euphrates Rivers Valley Civilization - Persian Empire


Yuanmou Man : Early Paleolithic Age (1 Million years old) Beijing Man : Homo erectus pekinensis (700,000-500,000 years old)


Legend of Yeti (Bigfoot)


Chinese Art Before Imperial Period (Qin Dynasty) Chinese Stone Age Art

(10,000 B.C.) - Neolithic Period (Yangshao culture / 6th millennium B.C. ) - Jade Culture (Liangzhu culture in Yangtze River delta / 5th-4th millennium B.C.) - Bronze Age (Xia Dynasty / 2070 B.C.-1600 B.C. )


Tigris and Euphrates River Valley (7000-539 B.C.) Mesopotamia Bronze Age Timeline (7000(7000-3500 B.C.)

Ancient Mesopotamia : Sumerian – Akkadian - Babylonian – Assyrian (From 3000 B.C.B.C.- 539 B.C.)


Mesopotamia: The Birth of Civilization Early Dynastic Period - Old Sumerian (From 3000 to 2340 B.C.) The Sumerians developed pottery and jewelry. A new type of building was introduced city-states centers of this epoch are Ur, Umma, Lagash, Kish, and Eshnunna. One of the most remarkable artifacts remaining from this period is known as The Standard of Ur.

Ziggurat : The Stairway to Heaven


Mesopotamia: Old Sumerian (From 3000 to 2340 B.C.) Cuneiform - The oldest-known forms of writing system


Mesopotamia : Akkadian Period (2400 BC.) Akkadian Period In the late 24th century B.C. under Sargon I, Akkadians united the whole of Mesopotamia. Little Akkadian art remains.Significant Akkadian innovations were those of the seal cutters. The Akkadian cities are Sippar, Assur, Eshnuna, Tell Brak, and Akkad.


Mesopotamia : Akkadian Period (2400 BC.) Akkadian Cuneiform Sumerian Pictographs were the beginning and gradually obtained more symbols for different meanings. The Akkadians converted the Sumerian cuneiform to symbols that symbolize letters; forming a sort of mini alphabet.

Sumerian Pictographs ---> Sumerian Cuneiform --------> Akkadian Cuneiform


Mesopotamia : Neo-Sumerian Period (2112 to 2004 B.C.) Neo-Sumerian Period (From 2112 to 2004 B.C.) The Akkadian Empire fell to the nomadic Guti, who did not centralize their power. This enabled the Sumerian cities of Uruk, Ur, and Lagash to reestablish their power.


Mesopotamia : Neo-Sumerian Period (2112 to 2004 B.C.) Neo-Sumerian Art


Mesopotamia : Old Babylonian (2000-1600 B.C.) Old Babylonian Period The land was once more united by Semitic rulers (about 2000-1600 B.C.). The most important ruler was Hammurabi of Babylon. The most original art of the Babylonian period came from Mari.


Bible Mythology : Hanging Garden of Babylon In The Bible : The Tower of Babel (Hanging Garden of Babylon) According to the biblical account, a united humanity of the generations following the Great Flood, speaking a single language and migrating from the east, came to the land of Shinar, where they resolved to build a city with a tower "with its top in the heavens


Mesopotamia : Assyrian Empire (1700-100 B.C.) Assyrian Empire (From 1700 B.C. to 100 B.C.) It shows different from established Babylonian stylistic traditions both in religious subjects and secular themes. They built ziggurats for temples. The technique of polychromed glazing of bricks was used. The Neo-Assyrian period, 1000-612 B.C. is a time of great builders. Kings adorned palaces with magnificent reliefs. Gypsum alabaster, was more easily carved than the hard stones used by the Sumerians and Akkadians. Royal chronicles in battle and in the hunt were recounted in horizontal bands with cuneiform texts. At times mythological figures are portrayed. Sculptors were at their best in depicting hunting scenes. The art of the late Assyrian seal cutter is a combination of realism and mythology.


Mesopotamia : Assyrian Empire (1700-100 B.C.) The gigantic roaring lion of Assyrian


Mesopotamia : Neo-Babylonian (626-539 B.C.) Neo-Babylonian Period (626-539 B.C.) The Babylonians defeated the Assyrians in 612 B.C. and sacked Nimrud and Nineveh. They did not establish a new style or iconography. Neo-Babylonian creativity manifested itself architecturally at Babylon, the capital.


Mythical Animal of Mesopotamia Sphinx and Griffin of Assyrian


Achaemenid / Persian Empire ( 550–330 B.C.)


Achaemenid / Persian Empire ( 550–330 B.C.)


Achaemenid / Persian Empire ( 550–330 B.C.)


Persepolis (Old Persian Pārsa, Takht-e Jamshid or Chehel Minar) Persepolis was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire (550-330 B.C.). The earliest remains of Persepolis date from around 515 B.C. To the ancient Persians, the city was known as Pārsa, which means "The City of Persians". Persepolis is a transliteration of the Greek Πέρσης πόλις (Persēs polis: "Persian city").

****Persepolis is situated 70 km northeast of the modern city of Shiraz in the Fars Province of modern Iran. In contemporary Persian, the site is known as Takht-e Jamshid (Throne of Jamshid) and Parseh.


Persepolis (Old Persian PÄ rsa, Takht-e Jamshid or Chehel Minar)


Persian Decorative Sculpture


Persian Decorative Sculpture


Persian Decorative Sculpture


Persian Ancient Jewelry 4th - 6th Cent B.C.


Persian rugs - Carpet weaving culture


Persian Miniature Painting


Chapter I : Assignment I

ให้นิสิตคัดเลือกภาพประติมากรรมนูนตํ=าหรื อลอยตัว ของศิลปกรรม Mesopotamia หรื อ Persia มา 1 ภาพ แล้ว เขียน อธิบายเนืHอหา กําหนดอายุ วัสดุ และ รายละเอียดอื=นๆ ความยาวไม่เกิน 1 หน้ากระดาษ A4 **** กําหนดส่ งในชัHนเรี ยนสัปดาห์หน้า ****


707313 History of Eastern Art