BUILDING A COMMUNITY CENTRE FOR A LIFETIME NEIGHBOURHOOD
Shuang Wu 19013544
BUILDING A COMMUNITY CENTRE FOR A LIFETIME NEIGHBOURHOOD ABOUT AUTHOR: NAME: SHUANG WU STUDENT ID: 19013544 E mail: email@example.com MAJOR: ARCHITECTURE AND URBANISM This project is based on Studio Aâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s deeper thinking about Ancoats. As Ancoats is facing a gradually forgotten fact, people are starting to move away, and the sense of community is slowly disappearing. In response to this problem, a community-centric approach was proposed. The project uses a series of strategies to attract people to come here and live in, making Ancoats a vibrant community again.
CONTENts 01 About Ancoats Background & Location History Listed building Transportation
04 Community Centre 3 7 9 11
02 Problem and Opportunities Problems in Ancoats Opportunities in Ancoats
Introduction Strategy01 Strategy02 The vision & Master plan Plans Sections Elevations Images
23 25 29 31 33 37 41 45
03 The vision The master plan The transportation of plan Accessibility
17 19 21
The buildings around Ancoats are rich in functions: commercial buildings, office buildings, residential buildings, public service buildings, etc.
Rochdale Canal connects the ANCOATS and NEW ISLINGTON areas.
Historical and background:
Ancoats were once known as â&#x20AC;&#x153;the world's first industrial suburbsâ&#x20AC;?. It has industrial historical background and about 20 listed buildings
Tram station Bus station 3
Ancoats, an area of Manchester in North West England, next to the Northern Quarter, the northern part of Manchester city centre.
History: Streets and land sales
Farms and Cottages
Factory in New Islington
The Second World War(1939-1945) As in 1914, war brought jobs to Ancoats, with many of the mills going over to the production of war materials.
The First World War (1914-1918) Loss of overseas market during the war caused the local economy declined.
St Michael's RC church
1780-1790 Survives of Holt’s Mill marked the beginnings of industrialisation in Ancoats
Daily Express Building
lata 19th Century
In the first half of the 19th century It was to experience rapid economic and population growth. It became the world’s ‘pioneer industrial suburb of the Industrial Revolution’ 1832 The public spaces be constructed.
1989 11 buildings, main mills were listed as “conservation area” by The Manchester City Council.
Church of St.Peter
Daily Express Building
By the second half of the 20th century In Ancoats,mills and factories were closed, canals were derelict, its religious and institutional buildings were in ruins and communities dispersed.
Listed buildings & Conservation Area C o n s e r vat i o n Listed buildings Listed buildings outside
1.Crown & Kettle
4.Rochdale Canal Lock No.82
8.Rochdale Canal Retaining Wall
10.Halle St Peterâ&#x20AC;&#x2DC;s
17.Ashton Canal Towpath Bridge
18.Lock Keeper's Cottage
19.Ashton Canal Lock No.2
20.Ardwick and Ancoats Hospital
Reason of conservation area The part of Ancoats designated as a conservation area by M a nc he ste r C i ty C o unc i l i n June 1989, is bounded by Great Ancoats Street, Oldham Road, Kemp Street, Wadeford Close, Jersey Street and the Rochdale Canal.
16.Ashton Canal Lock No.1
15.Union Street Bridge
The transportation of Ancoats is convenient, and the east and west ends are directly connected to the city center and residential areas. There are many bus stops and the walking distance to the city center is very convenient. A+N Boundary Vehicle Road Bike & Pedestrian Road Bus Route Car Park
However, inside Ancoats, the primary and secondary roads are not clear, and the flow of people and vehicles cannot be separated, resulting in a reduction in living comfort.
the issue in Ancoats:
Revolution: • • •
Urban growth Gridded street networks Increasing population
Early-Mid 20th Century
Maturity: • •
developing technology housing mix with land use
Late 20th Century
Erosion: • • •
Industrial decline world war caused decreased population disconnected housing formats
Hosing price Unknown house < £ 100k < £ 150k < £ 200k < £ 200k - £ 300k < £ 300k - £ 400k < £ 400k - £ 500k > £ 500k Canal
Due to economic development and social changes, the Ancoats community is gradually disappearing and weakening. With the increasing gentrification within Ancoats, the residents of Ancoats are moving away, which has also become a factor in the disappearance of ANCOATS's sense of community 13
The opportunities In Ancoats
Commercial building Commercial Housing building Church Housing Community Church activity Community Public activityspace Car parking Public space Car parking Listed building
Listedschool building High
Housing: 24.4% commercial building: 46.1% community activity:0.04% public area:1.2% car parking: 12.3%
Office and High school industry Office and industry
1,500 1,000 500 0
who is living in here? largest age group : 20-44 popular family type :One family and single (most popular : couple without children)
Different activities for different age groups children:
Children graffiti wall combined with community auction market design Age Structure
ce for n to play
No high school
who is missing in here?
a d u l t : vo l u n te e r c e n t re a n d library
Children: the house is not enough for families which have children Elderly: Lack of facilities and activities for elderly
elderly: community centre
tHE master plane (facilities)
Commercial building Housing Church Community activity Public space Car parking Listed building
Housing: 52.7% commercial building: 17.8% community activity:0.5% public area:2.1% car parking:0.09%
High school Office and industry
kept building Removed building
tRANSPORTATION tHE master plane (transportation)
Main pedestrain Secondary pedestrain Car route 19
❶ High school (renew)
❷ Green area
(existing and widen) ❸ Gardening club (new building) ❹ Community cafe (new building) ❺ Community centre (new building) ❻ Community library (renew) ❼ Health care (renew) ❽ Church (existing building) ❾ cutting room square (existing plaza) ❿ plaza (renew)
New Islington tram station
project 05: community centre community centre located at the middle part of Ancoats, and it as a pulic building which have some functions for everyone whoever comes to Ancoats. In ANCOATS, the community center not only serves local residents, but also serves those tourists who come to ANCOATS to play. The community center serves as a place that attracts everyone to gather. Here, different people have the opportunity to talk and children can play. In addition, it can also attract other people to Ancoats, by attracting everyone to gather together, and enhance Ancoats' sense of community. 23
Strategy01: building a green line to be connection GREEN LINE First of all, Ancoats has very convenient transportation, connecting the city center to the west, piccabily park, and adjacent to green spaces and high-density communities to the east. However, ancoats are sparsely populated, and no one will run through Ancoats. The green line uses the roof of the community centre to connect to the main pedestrian street of Ancoats, and uses the common elements of the downtown park and green park: plants and green spaces. Link the two together to form a unique style of the walking route. People can enjoy the beautiful scenery while walking while following the guidance they received into Ancoats. Second, the roof greenway in the community centre becomes the centre of the green line. When people walk to the roof, they can see the building, and they can also use stairs or elevators to enter the building for use.
Strategy01: building a green line to be connection
Strategy02: setting two entrance for different group TWO PLAZAS The two squares serve different flow lines of people. Greenways on the roof attract tourists to stroll to the community center. The main entrance plaza mainly serves the exhibition space in the community center, attracting people to enter and watch the exhibition. The secondary entrance plaza mainly serves people who use coffee and gym space, and there are outdoor board tables and chairs in the secondary entrance plaza.
the master plan Residential area
Commercial area Keep New building
❶ High school ❷ Gardening club ❸ Community cafe ❹ Community center ❺ Community library ❻ Health care ❼ Church
Commercial building Public building Residential building
the plan of ground floor
Fixed space outdoor space
For younger people
For children Children playing space
❶ main entrance ❷ lobby ❸ waiting space ❹ outdoor ❺ children space ❻ flexible space ❼ office ❽ storage ❾ toilet ❿ coffee ⓫gym ⓬ theater
the plan of proof
❺ ❶ flexible space ❷ stairs ❸ elevator ❹ coffee ❺ children space ❻ outdoor space ❼ waiting space ❽ roof
The image of community centre
Square view Here, people can enjoy the outdoor coffee space, or they can choose to stroll up the rooftop greenway. At the same time, the indoor fitness area and coffee area can be seen through the glass, and people can enter the community centre through the coffee space.
Exhibition space The combination of outdoor exhibition and indoor exhibition allows visitors to not only enjoy the sunlight above in the middle, but also watch the exhibition indoors.
First-floor viewing space Set up an indoor space on the first floor. First, provide visitors with a space to rest when it rains, and secondly, if visitors are tired from walking, they can sit in the indoor space on the first floor for rest and communication. At the same time, everyone can watch the activities on the ground floor. If people are interested, they can enter the building through the elevator and stairs on the first floor.