BUILDING A COMMUNITY CENTRE FOR A LIFETIME NEIGHBOURHOOD

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BUILDING A COMMUNITY CENTRE FOR A LIFETIME NEIGHBOURHOOD

Shuang Wu 19013544


BUILDING A COMMUNITY CENTRE FOR A LIFETIME NEIGHBOURHOOD ABOUT AUTHOR: NAME: SHUANG WU STUDENT ID: 19013544 E mail: wushuang93@yeah.net MAJOR: ARCHITECTURE AND URBANISM This project is based on Studio A’s deeper thinking about Ancoats. As Ancoats is facing a gradually forgotten fact, people are starting to move away, and the sense of community is slowly disappearing. In response to this problem, a community-centric approach was proposed. The project uses a series of strategies to attract people to come here and live in, making Ancoats a vibrant community again.


CONTENts 01 About Ancoats Background & Location History Listed building Transportation

04 Community Centre 3 7 9 11

02 Problem and Opportunities Problems in Ancoats Opportunities in Ancoats

13 15

Introduction Strategy01 Strategy02 The vision & Master plan Plans Sections Elevations Images

23 25 29 31 33 37 41 45

03 The vision The master plan The transportation of plan Accessibility

17 19 21

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Ancoats: Surrounding:

The buildings around Ancoats are rich in functions: commercial buildings, office buildings, residential buildings, public service buildings, etc.

Canal:

Rochdale Canal connects the ANCOATS and NEW ISLINGTON areas.

Historical and background:

Ancoats were once known as “the world's first industrial suburbs�. It has industrial historical background and about 20 listed buildings

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Tram station Bus station 3


location:

Ancoats, an area of Manchester in North West England, next to the Northern Quarter, the northern part of Manchester city centre.

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History: Streets and land sales

Sedgwick New

1832s

Beehive Mill

1858s

1825s

1820s

Rochdale canal

Brownsfield Mill

1800s

6

Laurent's plan

19th Century

1800s

1793s

Farms and Cottages

Murray's Mill

1799s

18th Century

1770s

13th Century

Factory in New Islington

Back-to-Back Housing


The Second World War(1939-1945) As in 1914, war brought jobs to Ancoats, with many of the mills going over to the production of war materials.

The First World War (1914-1918) Loss of overseas market during the war caused the local economy declined.

Mill

St Michael's RC church

Paragon Mill

1780-1790 Survives of Holt’s Mill marked the beginnings of industrialisation in Ancoats

Daily Express Building

1939s

lata 19th Century

1869s

19th Century

In the first half of the 19th century It was to experience rapid economic and population growth. It became the world’s ‘pioneer industrial suburb of the Industrial Revolution’ 1832 The public spaces be constructed.

1912s

1889s

1859s

1989 11 buildings, main mills were listed as “conservation area” by The Manchester City Council.

Church of St.Peter

Victoria Square

Daily Express Building

By the second half of the 20th century In Ancoats,mills and factories were closed, canals were derelict, its religious and institutional buildings were in ruins and communities dispersed.

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Listed building

Listed buildings & Conservation Area C o n s e r vat i o n Listed buildings Listed buildings outside

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6.Paragon Mill

1.Crown & Kettle

2.Express Building

3.Derros Building

4.Rochdale Canal Lock No.82

7.Sedgwick Mill

8.Rochdale Canal Retaining Wall

9.Murray Mills

10.Halle St Peter‘s

11.Victoria Square

12.Beehive Mill

13.Little Mill

14.Waluk Mill

17.Ashton Canal Towpath Bridge

18.Lock Keeper's Cottage

19.Ashton Canal Lock No.2

20.Ardwick and Ancoats Hospital

Reason of conservation area The part of Ancoats designated as a conservation area by M a nc he ste r C i ty C o unc i l i n June 1989, is bounded by Great Ancoats Street, Oldham Road, Kemp Street, Wadeford Close, Jersey Street and the Rochdale Canal.

16.Ashton Canal Lock No.1

5.Royal Mill

15.Union Street Bridge

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Transportation:

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The transportation of Ancoats is convenient, and the east and west ends are directly connected to the city center and residential areas. There are many bus stops and the walking distance to the city center is very convenient. A+N Boundary Vehicle Road Bike & Pedestrian Road Bus Route Car Park

However, inside Ancoats, the primary and secondary roads are not clear, and the flow of people and vehicles cannot be separated, resulting in a reduction in living comfort.

Main station

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the issue in Ancoats:

19th Century

Revolution: • • •

Urban growth Gridded street networks Increasing population

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Early-Mid 20th Century

Maturity: • •

developing technology housing mix with land use

Late 20th Century

Erosion: • • •

Industrial decline world war caused decreased population disconnected housing formats


Hosing price Unknown house < £ 100k < £ 150k < £ 200k < £ 200k - £ 300k < £ 300k - £ 400k < £ 400k - £ 500k > £ 500k Canal

Due to economic development and social changes, the Ancoats community is gradually disappearing and weakening. With the increasing gentrification within Ancoats, the residents of Ancoats are moving away, which has also become a factor in the disappearance of ANCOATS's sense of community 13


The opportunities In Ancoats

Commercial building Commercial Housing building Church Housing Community Church activity Community Public activityspace Car parking Public space Car parking Listed building

4,000 3,500

Listedschool building High

3,000No

plac children

2,500 2,000

Housing: 24.4% commercial building: 46.1% community activity:0.04% public area:1.2% car parking: 12.3%

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Office and High school industry Office and industry

1,500 1,000 500 0


who is living in here? largest age group : 20-44 popular family type :One family and single (most popular : couple without children)

Different activities for different age groups children:

Children graffiti wall combined with community auction market design Age Structure

ce for n to play

No high school

who is missing in here?

a d u l t : vo l u n te e r c e n t re a n d library

Children: the house is not enough for families which have children Elderly: Lack of facilities and activities for elderly

elderly: community centre

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tHE master plane (facilities)

Commercial building Housing Church Community activity Public space Car parking Listed building

Housing: 52.7% commercial building: 17.8% community activity:0.5% public area:2.1% car parking:0.09%

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High school Office and industry


kept building Removed building

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tRANSPORTATION tHE master plane (transportation)

public tra

primary v

seconda line

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ansport line

vehicle line

ary vehicle

Main pedestrain Secondary pedestrain Car route 19


ACCESSIBILITY

❶ High school (renew)

❷ Green area

victoria station

(existing and widen) ❸ Gardening club (new building) ❹ Community cafe (new building) ❺ Community centre (new building) ❻ Community library (renew) ❼ Health care (renew) ❽ Church (existing building) ❾ cutting room square (existing plaza) ❿ plaza (renew)

❽ ❾

city centre

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❼ ❿

New Islington tram station


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project 05: community centre community centre located at the middle part of Ancoats, and it as a pulic building which have some functions for everyone whoever comes to Ancoats. In ANCOATS, the community center not only serves local residents, but also serves those tourists who come to ANCOATS to play. The community center serves as a place that attracts everyone to gather. Here, different people have the opportunity to talk and children can play. In addition, it can also attract other people to Ancoats, by attracting everyone to gather together, and enhance Ancoats' sense of community. 23


Strategy01: building a green line to be connection GREEN LINE First of all, Ancoats has very convenient transportation, connecting the city center to the west, piccabily park, and adjacent to green spaces and high-density communities to the east. However, ancoats are sparsely populated, and no one will run through Ancoats. The green line uses the roof of the community centre to connect to the main pedestrian street of Ancoats, and uses the common elements of the downtown park and green park: plants and green spaces. Link the two together to form a unique style of the walking route. People can enjoy the beautiful scenery while walking while following the guidance they received into Ancoats. Second, the roof greenway in the community centre becomes the centre of the green line. When people walk to the roof, they can see the building, and they can also use stairs or elevators to enter the building for use.

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Strategy01: building a green line to be connection

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Strategy02: setting two entrance for different group TWO PLAZAS The two squares serve different flow lines of people. Greenways on the roof attract tourists to stroll to the community center. The main entrance plaza mainly serves the exhibition space in the community center, attracting people to enter and watch the exhibition. The secondary entrance plaza mainly serves people who use coffee and gym space, and there are outdoor board tables and chairs in the secondary entrance plaza.

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the master plan Residential area

Commercial area Keep New building

❹ ❻

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Reconstruction

❶ High school ❷ Gardening club ❸ Community cafe ❹ Community center ❺ Community library ❻ Health care ❼ Church


Commercial building Public building Residential building

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the plan of ground floor

Flexible space

Gym

Theater

Coffee

Exibition

Fixed space outdoor space

publice function

activity

For younger people

activity

For couple

activity

For children Children playing space

office space


❻ ❼

❷ ❶

❶ main entrance ❷ lobby ❸ waiting space ❹ outdoor ❺ children space ❻ flexible space ❼ office ❽ storage ❾ toilet ❿ coffee ⓫gym ⓬ theater

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the plan of proof

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The section

❽ ❷

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❺ ❶ flexible space ❷ stairs ❸ elevator ❹ coffee ❺ children space ❻ outdoor space ❼ waiting space ❽ roof

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The section

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The elevation

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The elevation

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The image of community centre

Square view Here, people can enjoy the outdoor coffee space, or they can choose to stroll up the rooftop greenway. At the same time, the indoor fitness area and coffee area can be seen through the glass, and people can enter the community centre through the coffee space.

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Exhibition space The combination of outdoor exhibition and indoor exhibition allows visitors to not only enjoy the sunlight above in the middle, but also watch the exhibition indoors.

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First-floor viewing space Set up an indoor space on the first floor. First, provide visitors with a space to rest when it rains, and secondly, if visitors are tired from walking, they can sit in the indoor space on the first floor for rest and communication. At the same time, everyone can watch the activities on the ground floor. If people are interested, they can enter the building through the elevator and stairs on the first floor.

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