Page 1

pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0 rpE´m

pm&dkufwifqufol Editing & PDF

vrif; vrif;


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

wwd,tMudrf xkwfa0Ncif;twGuf pma&;ol\trSmpm ]]tcsdefwdkif;? tcsdefwkdif;[m vlom;wkdkif;udk rvdkcsifwJh vufaqmif wpfckay;wwfw,f/ tJ'guawmh .... &ihfa&mfNcif;? tkdrif;Ncif;qkdwJh vufaqmifayhg}} vGefcJhaom ESpfq,hfaNcmufeSpfausmfua&;om;cJhaom pmrsm;Nzpf ygonf/ xkdpOfu pu©Ktm&HkMunfMunfvifvifeSihfa&;om;EdkifcJhaomf vnf; ,ckawmh rsufrSefxlxlwyfrSom NyefNyD;zwfEkdifygawmhonf/ &ufrsm;? vrsm; ESpfrsm;udk cyfokwfokwf cyfoGufoGuf ausmfvTm; Nzwfoef;cJhNyD;aemuf uRefronf MudK;wHwm;av;wpfckqDodkU qkduf qkdufNrdKufNrdKuf a&mufvmcJhNyDNzpfaMumif; rdrdudk,frdrd odvdkufonf/ xdkwHwm;av;onf EkysdKNcif;ESifhtkdrif;Ncif;wkdUudk aygif;ul;qufoG,f xm;aom ]&ifha&mfNcif;} [laom wHwm;uav;yifNzpfonf/ uRefr\ tcsdefrsm;onf uRefrtm; rvdkcsifaomvufaqmifwpfckudk pwifNyD; ay;tyfcJhNyD Nzpfnf/ xkdaemuf wpfckNyD;wpfck qufíay;vdrfhOD;rnfukd vnf; twefi,fwkefvIyfaompdwfESihf awG;awmaerdonf/ tcsdefu ay;aom vufaqmifrsm;udk uRefrwkdUonf Niif;qefcGifh r&SdonfrdkU tomwMunf vufcHMu&rnfom Nzpfygonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

i,foli,fcsi;f av;OD;\ arwÅmESihfoHa,mZOfudk ]pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0} wGif i,ftawG;? i,fvufESihf a&;om;zGJUqkdcJhygonf/ ]aEG} ]rdk;}ESihfwuG udkvwfESihf nDaxG;wkdUudk pmzwfolqDodkUwwd,tMudrf ydkUaqmifay;cJhaom ]yg&rDpmay} rdom;pkudk vdIufvIJpGm aus;Zl;wifrd ygonf/ pmayavmu opfyifMuD;tm; tvSqifay;cJhMuonfh &GufaMuG rsm;udk vnf;aumif;? &Guf&ifh &Guf0g &GuftEGrf;rsm;udk vnf;aumif; vuftkyfcsDrdk; &dkusdK;uefawmhygonf/ topf topfNzpfaom &GufEk &Gufopf &Gufpdrf;rsm;onfvn;f pdrf;vef;pdkaNypGmESihf tHkUqkdif;a0qm aeygapaMumif; qkawmif;rdygonf/ pmayopfyifMuD;atmufwGif pmay&dyfckdaeMuaom pmzwfol taygif;qDokdU ylNyif;aom aea&mif Ncnf rusa&mufap&ef umuG,fEkdifMuygap[lívnf; xyfavmif;í qkawmif;aerdygonf/ udk,f pdwf ESpfyg; usef;rmí csrf;omMuygap/

rpE´m 3.10.2000


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

] a'guf a'guf } ]b,folvJ} ]rpmtk} ]b,foGm;rvkdUvJ} ]wd&csef&Hk} ]usm;awG qifawG udkufvdrhfr,f} ]wdkuf wkduf aw aw emhudk rcsmtkvdkU raxmfeJU} ]rpmtk t&l;r? rpmtk t&l;r} rsufESmcsif;qkdif&yf&if; tar; taNz NyKNyD;aomtcg zdk;atmif onf &kwfceJ xGufaNy;avonf/ rdi,fuvnf; aemufrS ckefqGckef qGESifh trDvdkufNyD; trdzrf;&ef MudK;pm;onf/ olwdkU rsufESmuav; rsm;onf &TifcsdK EkysdKaenf/ vef;qef;aeonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

aEGonf olwkdUav;eSpfOD;udk trSwfwrJh ai;Munhfaerd&if; wpf OD;wnf; MunfMunfEl;el; NyHk;aerdonf/ remvdkrpä&d,pdwfESihf tyl tyif uNyD;if;rJhaom rsufESm[lonfrSm uav;rsm;xHwGifom &Sdonf[k xif&onf/ aEGwdkU udk,fwkdifvnf; wpfcsdefu xkduJhokdU Munfom&Tif csdKaom rsufESmuav;rsm;udk aqmifNyD; aqmhupm;cJhMu rnfyif Nzpfonf/ ]emhukd rcsmtkvdkU rxmfeJU} rdi,fonf ckefumaygufum vdkuf&if;rS atmf[pfaeavonf/ ]rpmtk t&l;r? rpmtk t&l;r} zkd;atmifonf rsufvHk;Nyl;vdkuf? vQmxkwfvdkufESihf rdi,fav; rcHcsifatmif aemufaNymifaeavonf/ ukvm;xkdifrsm;udk auGUum ywfumESIhf vSnhfywf aNy;aeaomaMumifh rdi,fav;crsm olUtpfudk tm; rdatmif rzrf;edkif&Smacs/ rdi,f\ ydefEGJUaom udk,fcE¨muav; ESihf rsufeSmoG,foG,fav;onf aEG i,fpOfuyHkpHuav;ESihf wax &mwnf; wlavonf/ aEG\ wlri,fav;onf olUa':av; i,fpOf u yHkpHtwkdif; rsufeSmcsdKcsdKaysmhaysmhav;ESifh yg;av;ESpfzufwGifvnf; yef;ekaoG; aNy;aeavonf/ ]rpmtk t&l;r [m; [m; rdi,fav; t&l;r} &Twfaemufaemuf atmfaeaom zdk;atmifonf armvmoNzihf a& tdk;pifbufodkUa&mufatmif vSnhfywfNyD; aNy;avonf/ aEG\ wl zdk; atmifav;onfum; olUtar ]rdk;}ESihf wlvSavonf/ rsufcHk; xlyHk?


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

rsufvHk;0dkif;yHk? EIwfcrf;yg;yHkrS tpNyKí rsufESm0dkif;yHkyg wlavonf/ rkd;i,fpOfu qHyif&Snfrxm;bJ a,muFsm;av;uJhokdu qHyifwdkuyf uyfav;nSyfxm;avh&SdaomaMumihfvnf; zdk;atmifudk Munhf&onfrSm rkd; i,fi,fuav;udk NyefawGUae&onfESihf wlaeavonf/ &kyfom wlonf r[kwf? pdwfuvnf; rdk;twkdif;yif Nzpfonf[k xiffrdonf/ pdwfNref vufNref&Sdonf/ aysmfwwf &Tifwwfonf/ ]a[h aEG bmawG;aewmvJ} ][m rdk;uvnf; vefUoGm;wmyJ} rdk;onf aEG\ ycHk;udk Nzef;ceJ&dkufum &,farmaeavonf/ touf tpdwfausmfaeNyD Nzpfaomfvnf; rkd;\rsufeSmonf &TifcsdKEkysdK vSonf rkd;onf touf ESpfq,f rNynhfrDuyifvQif tdrfaxmifa&; e,fxJodkU vdkufoGm;aomaeUu aEGwkdUtcef;acgif;&if;&Sd ydawmufyif MuD;u xdefxdef0if;atmif yGihfavonf/ cgwkdif; ydawmufyGihfonf[k qkdvQif aEGa&m rdk;yg rsufeSmyif ropfEkdifMubJ ydawmufyifatmuf odkU oGufvuf &TifaysmfpGm ckefaygufaNy;oGm;NrJ Nzpfonf/ aEG tdyf&m uEdk;í rdk;wpfa,mufr&Sdawmh [laomtodu aNcmufvSefUvdkufaom tcg aEGonf ydawmufyifMuD;atmufodkU tm;ukefaNy;vTm;oGm;rdav onf/ xkdUaemuf 0g0if;aeam yef;yGihfyef;ckdifrsm;udk armfíyif rMunhf tm;bJ yifpnfwGif acgif;pdkufum odrfhodrfhygatmif idkcJh&avonf/ rdk;\ cspfolonf rsdK;aumif; &dk;aumif; ynmwwf vl&nfrGefwpfOD; Nzpfí oabmrwlEdkifp&m taMumif;r&dSaomfvnf; aEGonf ynmyif


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

rpHkao;aom tpfrudk ESaNrmwomaompdwfESihf raNzEdkifatmif &SdcJh& avonf/ ]bmawG awG;aewmvJ rdaEG&JU? pdwfxJrSm uAsmpyfaeNyefNyD vm;/} ][kwfw,f uAsmpyfaewm? 'Dwpfcg uAsmu um&efr&Sdbl;/ um&efrJh uAsmav} ]bm taMumif;vJ} ]aNomf uav;awG upm;aewmudk Munhf&if; i,fi,fwkef;u taMumif;awGudk awG;aerdwmyg/ zdk;atmifu rdk;eJUodyfwlwmyJaemf} ]rdi,fua&m aEGeJU rwlbl;vm;} ][kwfw,f? wax&mwnf;yJ} Murf;cif;tdrfi,fuav;onf uav;ESpfOD; aNy;vTm;aqmhupm; aeaom 'PfaMumihf wodrfhodrfhwkefaeonf/ vlMuD;rsm;u rwm;r qD; vTwfxm;aomaMumihfvnf; uav;rsm;nf aomif;usef;í aumif;aeMuavonf/ w0kef;0kef; w'dkif;'kdif;NrnfoHudkyif wl&d,m oHtvm; xifrSwfMu[ef&Sd\/ i,fb0udk wrf;wvTrf;armaompdwf ESihf rdef;ri,fESpfOD;onfvnf; uav;rsm;udk cyfai;ai;Munfh&if; &dyf &dyfuav; NyHk;aerdMuavonf/ ]wpfcgwav olwkdUESpfa,muf aqmhaewmudk awGU&if i,fi,f wkef;u rdk;wkdUawGaqmhupm;cJhwmawGudk odyfNyD;owd&wmyJ odvm;?


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

zdk;atmifudk Munhf&wmvnf; rkd;eJU odyfwlwm? rdi,fuvnf; aEG ti,fpm;uav;? &kyfwifwlovm; rSwfw,f/ pdwfuvn;f wax &mwnf;yJ? zdk;atmif aqmhyHka&m? rdi,f aysmhyHka&m rdk;av wpfcgw av olkwdkUudk ai;Munhf&if; i,fb0udk Nyefa&mufoGm;ovdkukd pdwf xJrSm aysmfvmw,f/ aemufNyD; udkvwfeJU nDaxG;udkvJ odyf owd& wmyJ} ]tif; udkvwfeJU nDaxG;} aEGonf oHa,mifvkdufí wkd;wkd;av; a&&Gwfvdkufrd&if;&ifxJ wGif odrfhceJ aEG;oGm;avonf/ udkvwfESihf nDaxG;wdkU ESpfOD;onf rdk;wdkU aEGwdkUwpfawG i,foGm;awG aMuGrvJcifuwnf;u cifcJhrifcJh tuRrf;0ifcJh&onfh i,foli,fcsif;rsm; Nzpfavonf/ i,fu uRrf; onfh i,fuRrf;aqGrsm;Nzpfonf/ aEGUtoufyif eSpfq,fhoHk;ESpf&SdNyDrkdU topf topfaom oli,f csif;rsm;onf a&wGufí rukefEdkifatmif &Sdawmhonf/ b,foli,f csif;awG b,favmufrsm;ygap rIefawaw udkvwfeSihf aNymifpyfpyf nDaxG;wnf;[laom i,fuRrf;aqGESpfOD;onf aEG\ ESvHk;om;t&if; tNrpfwGif NidwG,ft&dyfxifvsuf &Sdavonf/ ]udkvwf wpfa,mufawmh pdkufysdK;cif;awGeJU tawmf atmifNrif aew,fwJh} ][kwfvm;}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]nDaxG; wpfa,mufa&m aEG&,f? pmray; bmray;eJU aeEdkif vdkufwmaemf} rdk;uaNymaomtcg aEGU&ifxJwGif usifceJNzpfoGm;avonf/ nD axG;ESihf aemufqHk;awGUcJh&aom naeqnf;qmukd owd&rd&if; &if xJwGif vIyf&Sm;emusifvm&onf/ EIwfcrf;udk wif;wif;udkuf&if; em Munf;pGm Munhfaeaom nDaxG;\ rsufvHk;ndkrsm;udk Nrifa,mifvm onf/ ]nDaxG;eJU rawGU&wm MumvSNyD} ]aNcmufESpf ausmfNyDav} ]ppfAdkvfMuD;NzpfvdkU b0ifNrihfaeNyDvm;rod? aeEdkifvkdufwm vGef a&m[,f? [dkwavmwkef;uawmh OD;av;NreJU awGUvdkU olUom;t aMumif; aNymao;w,fav? nDaxG; tm;MuD; ayGcsifwmyJwJh} ]vlysdK vl&G,fyJ rkd;&,f ayGcsifayGrSmaygh} aEGu cGihfvTwfaom toHav;eSihf vlMuD;qefqef aNymonf/ ckaeaom nDaxG;udk NyefawGUvQif aEG pdwfNrefvufNrefESihf olUyg;udk &dkufcJhrdonfudk awmif;yefpum; r[kwfonfhwkdif pdwfraumif;onfh taMumi;fawmh aNymNzpfrnfxifonf/ ]awmfNyD awmfNyD ? bGm bGm cP bGmaw;aemf} ckef& ayguf&vGef;oNzihf vQmxGufatmif armvmaomtcg zdk; atmifonf bGmcwfum a&aomufaeonf/ rdi,fav;onfvnf;


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

yg;ESpfzufvHk;omru rsufESmav;yg eD&JNyD; arm[dkufaeonf/ NzL 0if;aom ezl;Nyif NyefUNyefU0,f acR;pufuav;rsm; oD;aeavonf/ aNy;&vGef;oNzihf armaeaomfvnf; tNidrfraeao;ay/ tcef;tv,f &Sd ysOf;uwdk; wkdifMuD;udk vufESpfzufESihf odrf;zufum csmvnfvSnfh ae&if;rS armoHav;ESihf &,faeavonf/ rdi,f&,fvQif aEGuJhokdU vuf,mbufü yg;wpfzufwnf; yg;csdKihfa&;a&; ay:vmwwfonf/ ]rdi,fav; toufb,favmuf&SdNyDvJ} ]a&SUvqkd&if ig;ESpfNynhfNyD? zdk;atmifuawmh ckepfESpf} wkdifwGif csdwfxm;aom rkd;wkdUZeD;armifESH\ ESpfa,mufwGJ"mwf yHkav;onf rdi,fav;\ 'Pfudk rcHedifbJ ,drf;cgaeonf/ awmfyg ao;onf/ "mwfyHk rusuGJrD rdi,fwpfa,muf rl;vmoNzihf wkdifukd zufxm;aomvufudk vTwfvdkufNyD; olUtarqDodkU ,dkifxkd; ,dkifxdk; ESifh avQmufvmavonf/ zdk;atmifu arsmufvdkckefum Mum;rS um qD; umqD;vkyfaeonf/ rsufvHk;av; &Da0um rl;&dyf&dyfNzpfaeaom rdi,fav;crsm ikwfwkwfav; xkdifcsvdkufavonf/ ]aEGwkdUawG udkvwfwdkUeJU p odwkef;u 'Dt&G,f omomav;awG xifyg&JUaemf} aEGonf ukvm;xkdifudk cyfavsmhavsmhrDSxkdifvdkuf&if; owd& wrf;wovdk aNymrdonf/ rk;nfvn;f eH&HwGif csdwfxm;aom yef;csD um;xJrS pdefyef;eDeDrsm;udk ai;Munhfaeonf/ &Gufpdrf;rsm;tMum;wGif yef;eDeDrsm;u aMuGNyD; xGufaeonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]tJ'Dwkef;u rkd;u &SpfESpf? aEGu ig;ESpf ommav;xifyg&JU} ]nDaxG;eJU t&ifodwmaemf rdk;} ][kwfw,fav? aEG r[kwfvm; nDaxG;eJU&efNzpfwmav? rdk;u awmif opfawmfoD;eJU 0ifayguf&ao;w,f? [m; [m; nDaxG;wpf a,muf ausmaumh aNy;&wmyga&m} rdk;onf aNym&if;qkd&if; wodrfhodrfh &,faeavonf/ aEGonf &Tifvef;pGm &,faeaom rkd;udk Munhfaeaomfvn;f rkd;\ vuf&Sd&kyf oGifudk rNrifbJ qHyifwdkav; wpfcgcgESihf &SpfeSpf&G,f rkd;\rsufeSm av;udkom cyfa&;a&; awG;xifNrifa,mifaerdavonf/ rsufvHk;NyL; NyL;? yg;azmif;azmif;ESihf 00wpfwpfrkd;onf aumfywf&kyfuav;ESifh wlonf[k aNymMuavnf/ ][kwfw,f rdk;a&? tJh'Dwkef;uvnf; [dkyef;csDum;xJuvdkyJ pdef yef;awGudk eDvdkU&JvdkU? aEGu pdefyef;yifatmufrSm wpfa,mufwnf; csmvnfvSnhfNyD; uaewm} aEGUrsufvHk;rsm;onf 0if;vJhvmMuonf/ vGefcJhaom q,hf&Spf ESpfcefUqDodkU aNy;vTm;oGm;aom pdwftpOfudk vTwfay;vdkufNyD; pdef yef;eDeDrsm;udk ai;ai;av; Munhfaerdavonf/ pdefyef;eDeDrsm;onf yifaNcwGif MuJNyefUaeavonf/ tay:buf okdUarmhMunhfvkdufvQif cJom;a&mif aumif;uifaemufcHwGif eD&Jaom yef;cufyef;ckdifrsm;u ,drf;nGwfaeavonf/atmufbufodkUiHkUMunhf vkdufNyefaomtcgüvnf; Nrufcif;pdrf;pdrf;ay:wGif yef;aMuGeDeDrsm;u


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

yef;csDaq;a&;xm;ouJhokdU rsufpd rcGmEkdifatmif&Sdawmhonf/ yifaNc wGif Nrufcif;pdrf;eSihfyef;eDeD? yifay:wGif opf&Gupf drf;ESihf yef;eDeD?qefU usifbufta&mifNzpfaom tpdrf;ESihfteDwkdUonf xl;uJpGm vdkufzuf aeavonf/ aEG 0wfxm;aom *g0efuav;onfvnf; pdefyef;yGihfta&mifvdk eDeD&J&Juav;Nzpfonf/ *g0eftem;udk vufESpfzufESihf qGJNzefUNyD;csm vnfvSnhfvdkufvQif xD;&Gufuav;vdk0ef;0dkuo f Gm;avonf/aEGonf &Tifaysmfaom pdwfuav;ESihf udk,fukdvSnfhum upm;&if pdefyef;yif MuD;udk 0dkif;MuD;ywfywf vSnhfaerdavonf/ udk,fudk wpfywfvSnhf vdkufwkdif;vnf; *g0efeDeDav;onf avxJwGif zGm;ceJ zGm;ceJ 0ef;0J oGm;avh&Sdonf/ ]a[h aumifrav;} 0dkif;MuD;ywfywf vSnhf&onfrSm rl;vmoNzihf aEGonf yifpnf NzLNzLMuD;udk rSD&if; rsufpdukd pif;arS;xm;rdonf/ xkdpOfwGif rmqwf qwftoHav;wpfoHu av[kefpD;NyD; aEG\ em;xJovdkU wkd;0ifvm onf/ ]a[h aumifrav;? ig ac:aewm rMum;bl;vm;} NcHpnf;&dk;a&SU&Sd oHql;MudK;rsm;teD;wGif uav;pD; pufbD;av; wpfpif;udk xdef;udkif&if; &yfaeaom aEGwkdUt&G,f aumifuav;wpf a,mufudk awGU&avonf/ MudK;odkif;abmif;bD NymNymav;udk 0wf xm;onf/ olUtusF DtdwfxJrS vufudkify0gNzLav;onf tpESpfzuf


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

cRefvQuf oyf&yfpGm axmifxGufaeonf/ azaz wm0efus&mNrdKUopf odkU a&muf&Sdvmaom vlopfrsm;Nzpfí aEGwkdUonf NrdKUcHvlrsm;eSihf r&if;ESD;ao;acs/ wpfNrdKUvHk;rqdkxm;ESihf t&m&Sd&dyfom ywf0ef;usif&Sd vlrsm;udkyif rodao;acs/ rnfokdUyifqdkap? aEGonf ig;ESpfomom uav;t&G,fav;yif Nzpfaomfvn;f NcHpnf;&Sdk;tem;&Sd aumifuav; onf t&m&Sd&dyfomwGif;&Sd t&&SdwpfOD;OD;\ om;Nzpfvdrfhrnfudkum; raNymbJESihf odavonf/ ]igac:aewm rMum;bl;vm;} aumifuav;onf NcHpn;f&dk;em;odkU uyfvm&if; xuyfqihfar; avonf/ wpfcsdefwnf;rSmyif olUtusF Day:odkUusvmaom ydk;aumif i,fav;udk vufESihfawmufxkwfvdkufonf/ olUudkMunhf&onfrSm npfus,fus,fEdkifvSonf/ ]Mum;om;yJ} aEG onf olU*g0efav;udk vufESpfzufESihf aemufodkU pkodrf; vdkuf&if; cyfwdk;wkd;NyefaNymvdkufonf/ rl;&dyf&dyfNzpfaeao;aomf vnf; olUudk pGmus,fus,ftMunhfESihf Munhfaeaom aumifuav; tm; rsufarSmifMuKwf&if; NyefNyD; MunhfNzpfavonf/ ]Mum;&if bmvkdU rxl;wmvJ} ]ae[mae xl;csifrS xl;rSmayhg aumifav;&JU}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

oluom aEGUudk aumifrav;[kac:aomfvnf; aEGu aumif av;[k Nyefac:aomftcgwGifum; rcHcsifNzpfoGm;[ef &Sdavonf/ aEGUudk rsufvHk; NyL;Munhf&if; EIwfcrf;rJhvkdufavonf/ ]ihgrSm emrnf&Sdw,f? nDnDaxG;wJh} ]aeUrSmvJ emrnf&Sdw,f? aewJh} ]bm&,f? ae [kwfvm;} ]ae} ]aevdkUqkd} ]bmvJ aerif;MuD;vm;} ]ae ae wa0xkd; e0qGJ ae? tJh'D ae} aEGonfpum;ryDaom olUukd,fol rausreyfNzpf&if; aqmihfMuD; atmihfMuD; atmfaNymvdkufrdonf/ aumifav;onf aEGESihf&G,fwl avmufyif Nzpfaomfvnf; pum;yDavonf/ ]aNomf aEGvm;} ][kwfw,f} ]aEGacgifacgifvm;} ]r[kwfbl; wa0xkd; e0qGJ wpfvHk;wnf;} ]b,fvdk emrnfMuD;rSef;vJ rodbl;/ aemufNyD; pum;vnf; ryD bl;}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]bmNzpfNzpfayhg? aeU[mae bmNzpfNzpfayhg} aEGonf EIwfcr;fudk wif;wif;aphum aNym&if;rS qwfueJausm ckdif;vdkufavonf/ tdrfbufodkUvSnhfNyD; xGufaNy;oGm;csifonf/ okdU aomf ]'dkUaMumufvdkU aemufqkwfaNy; bMuD;tdrfu acs;pm;acG;} [k tatmfcH&rnf pdk;aomaMumihf raNy;awmhacs/ xdkUaMuihf ausmckdif; vsufom;yif ikwfwkwfav; xkdifcsNyD; yef;aMuGrsm;udk wpfyGihfcsif; aumufaerdavonf/ aEGu &kwfw&uf ausmckdif;vdkufaomtcg nDnDaxG;onf bm qufvkyf&rSnfrodbJ tlaMumifaMumifav; NzpfoGm;onf/ todw uRrf;Nzpfvdkí rdwfzGJNcif;Nzpfaomfvn;f csOf;uyfyHk rlrrSEfoNzihf &ef Nzpf&awmhrnfudk owdxm;rd[ef rwlacs/ [efyefxkwfNyD; avMuD; avus,faNym&efudkom qufvufpOf;pm;ae[ef &Sdavonf/ ]a[h 'DrSmMunhf} nDnDaxG;onf toHNrSihfumaNymonf/ aEG rMunhfacs/ yef;aMuG eDeDav;rsm;udkom pdkufMunhfaerdonf/ ]a[h aEG aEGacgifacgifqdkwJh aumifrav;} aEG rxl;acs/rMum;[efNyKvsuf yef;aMuGrsm;udkom rJNyD;aumuf aerdonf/rcHcsifaomfvn;f pum;raNymcsifawmhaomfvnf; xGufí roGm;csifay/ ]a[h eihfrSm em;rygbl;vm;}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

] at; rygbl;} ]eif em;NywfMuD;ayhg} ]at; eifuawmh rsufpduef;ayhg} aEGonf vSnhfrMunhfyJ ausmay;vsufuyif cGef;csif;rcHNyefNyD; aNymrdavonf/ yg;pyfuom aNymeaomfvnf; rsuf0ef;av;rsm; eD usifum rsuf&nf&pf0Jvmonf/ a'goNzpfvSaomfvn;f olUrsufESm udk vufonf;ESihf ukwfqGJypfvdkufcsifaomfvnf; &efNzpf&ef owÅdr&Sd bJ r0Hhr&JNzpfaeavonf/ ]eifh emrnfaNymif;ypfzkdU aumif;w,f/ ]]acG;ydefwm&dk; em;Nywf}} vdkU} 'DwpfcgwGifum; aEGonf ae&mrS 0kef;ceJckefNyD; xrdavonf/ vufxJwGif pkudkifxm;aom pdefyef;eDeDrsm;udk aNray:odkU a'goESihf ypfcsvkduf&if; nDnDaxG;udk pl;pl;&J&J Munhfrdonf/ wpfpHkwpf&m epf epfemem NyefaNymcsifí EIwfcrf;uav;u w&G&GvIyfaeaomfvnf; bm pum;rSs csufcsif;xGufrvmbJ rsuf&nfrsm;om pdrfhtkdifvmonf xkdUaemuf pdefyef;eDeDrsm;udk zaemihfESihf ayguf&if; NyefNyD;aNymNzpfav onf/ ]eif eifawvdkuf? Awvdkufygvm; acG;acs;pm;} aEGonf vlUrpifudkpm;aom acG;[lonfh owÅ0gudk t,kwfnHh qHk;[k ,lqonf/ xkdUaMumihf olUudk &efpum;aNymaom nDnDaxG; tm; acG;\rpifudk pdwfESifhauR;um aumif;csD;ay;vdkufonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]eifpm;zl;vdkUvm;? aumif;vm;} nDnDaxG;u aNymifpyfpyfESihf Nyefar;avonf/ aEGonf bmrQ NyefraNymwwfbJ rsuf&nfrsm;om pdrfhNyD; 0Jvmonf/ ]aEG a& a[; .... aEG} xkdpOfwGif rkd;onf vufxJwGif opfaomhoD;ESpfvHk;ukd wpfzuf wpfvHk;pDukdif&if; aEG&dS&mbufodkU ckefaygufNyD; aNy;vmonf/ opf aomhoD;wpfvHk;pDukd araru a0pkcGJNyD;ay;vkduf[ef&Sdonf/ arar a&vJvkyfaom xbDtyGihf 0g0gusm;usm;MuD;udkum; ararhtvpf wGif aumufNyD;0wfvm[ef&Sdavonf/ teHwpf0ufcefUudk acgufNyD; 0wfxm;aomfvnf; xbDtem;rsm;onf aNrwGif w&Gwfwdkuf aeav onf/ ]vm vm uwrf; ckefwrf; upm;&atmifaemf aEG? rif;orD;av; vkyfwrf;av? [if rsuf&nfawGeJU aEG&,f? eif idkaew,fvm;} rkd;onf aEGUtem;odkU aNy;vmaomfvnf; NcHpnf;&dk;em;wGif&yfae aom nDnDaxG;udk vHk;0 owdxm;rd[ef r&Sdacs/ rsufESmav;eDNref; um rsuf&nfrsm;pdrhftdkifaeaom aEGUudkawGUaomtcg xdwfvefUoGm; yHk&avonf/ aEGUcrsmvnf; rkd;ukd bmrSSsrwkifEdkif rawmekdifao;bJ tlvnfvnf &yfaeaom nDnDaxG;udk twGifom vufndk;xkd;Nyrd onf/ ]aEG aNymprf; aNymprf; ? bmNzpfvJ? olu bmvkyfvJ}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]wlu aeUudk aeUudkav em;&GufNywfMuD;wJh? acG;ydefwm&dk;? em; NywfMuD;wJh [D;} tm;ukd;&vmaom aEGonf rsuf&nfrsm; pD;usvmNyD; idk&if;&Iduf &if;aNymrdavonf/ aEGUrsuf&nfudk awGUaomtcg rkd;onf csufcsif; vlrkdufyHkaygufoGm;avonf/ nDnDaxG;udk aphaphMunhfNyD; tHMudwf vkdufonf/ nDnDaxG;onf qkwfuefuef rsufeSmxm;ESihf oGm;NzD;NyD; &,fNyavonf/ xkdtcgrS ydkqkd;awmhonf/ nDnDaxG;&,fonfrSm &,fonfESihfrwlbJ aNymifNyaeonfESihf wlaeaomaMumifh Nzpf\/ ]ihgnDrav;udk bmvdkU &efp&wmvJ} rdk;onf aNymaNymqkdqkd a&SUbufokdU tavmwMuD;wdk;oGm;vdkuf onf/ xdktcg w&Gwfwkdufaeaom xbDpukd olU[mol wufeif;rd NyD; vHkcsnfuGif;vdkuf uRwfusawmhonf/ awmfawmhawmfygao; onf/ vHkcsnfoufoufom r[kwfbJ *g0efay:wGif wpfxyf0wf xm;Ncif;NzpfonfhtwGUf awmfygao;onf/ rkd;onf uRwfoGm;aom vHkcsnfudk *&krpdkufacs/ aNc&if;wGif vHk;axG;aeaom vHkcsnfMuD;udk aNcESihf cwfypfvdkufNyD; NcHpnf;&dk;em;odkU taNy;uyfoGm;avonf/ ]ig igu taumif;aNymwm} taNctae [efyHkr&awmhonfhtwGuf nDnDaxG;onf olUpuf bD;avudk olwGef;&if; aemufbufodkU tvsiftNrefqkwfcGmvdkufav onf/ wpfzuf&efolu z&dkz&JNzpfoGm;aomtcg ppfulvmaom rdk; onf toHNrSSihfum atmfvkdufonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]Munhfpr;f idkaeNyD ighnDrav; idkaeNyD? eifu bmvkdU acG;ydefvdkU aNym&wmvJ? Eifom acG;ydef} ]eifwkdUom acG;ydef? acG;ydefwm&dk;} nDnDAxG;onfvn;f pufbD;udk tm;ukefei;foGm;&if;rS tm;us rcH NyefNyD;[pfvdkufonf/ olUukd,fol ab;uif;&m a&mufNyD[kxif oNzihf NyefatmfNcif;Nzpfaomfvnf; olUcrsm twGufvGJoGm;&Smav onf/ rkd;\vufxJrS opfaomhoD;wpfvHk;u olUaemufudk t&SdefNyif; Nyif;eSihf aNy;vdkufoGm;aomaMumifhNzpf\/ xkdUaemuf pufbD;udk tm; ukefeif;aeaomaMumifh ukef;aeaom olUausmukd bkwfuceJ Nrnf atmif y#doE¨m&pum;qkd&if; EIwfqufvkdufavonf/ nDnDaxG; onf ]tifh}ceJ ausmaumhoGm;aomfvnf; pufbD;udk r&yfacs/oGuf oGuf MuD; eif;oGm;&if;rS rcHcsdrcHom atmfoGm;avonf/ ]aEGacgifacgif ydefwm&dk;? acG;vdk udu k fwwfw,f}

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]'Davmuf emoGm;wmawmif ravQmhao;bl;? ]aEGacgifacgif ydef wm&dk;? acG;vdu k dkufwwfw,f} vdkUtoHukef atmfoGm;ao;w,f aemf} rkd;onf pdefyef;yifatmufrS &efyGJav;udk Nyefowd&NyD; wodrfh odrhf &,faeavonf/ i,fb0u a'goNzpfp&mrsm;? idkp&mrsm;onf MuD;vmaomtcg a'go&dyfrsm;arS;rSdefNyD; NyHk;aysmfp&mrsm;omNzpfoGm; wwfonf/ aNcmufESpfeD;yg; t&G,fav;wekf;u rsuf&nfaygufayguf uscJh&aom tNzpftysufuav;udk ,ck NyefvnfawG;rdaomtcg aEG a&m? rdk;yg &,farmaerdMuavonf/ ]nDaxG;uawmhav pawGUuwnf;uudk &efeJUpwmyJ? aemufNyD; *spfuefuef aNymifpyfpyfeJU} ]'gayr,hf olu pdwf&if;av;awmh aumif;ygw,f aEG&JU? aemufNyD;awmhvnf; cifoGm;&wmyJ? olUcrsm rdk;ypfxnfhvdkufwm ausmrSm tuGufvdkufMuD;ukd ndkoGm;wm? 'gayrJh olUtarudkawmif ol NyefraNymbl;? rkd;wdkUeJU rac:&bl;vkdU wm;rSmpdk;vkdUwJh/ olu cif csifwmyg} ][kwfw,faemf nDaxG;u tazmfudkawmh odyfcifwwfwm}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

&efyGJESihf pcJh&aom nDnDaxG;udk aEGwkdUwpfawG cifcJhrifcJh? oH a,mZOf&SdcJh&rnf[k vHk;0 rarQmfvihfcJhrday/ odkUygaomfvnf; aemuf wpfcg awGUaomtcgwGifum; nDnDaxG;ESihf cifcJh&awmhonf/ xdkt acgufwGifum; nDnDaxG;udkomru udkvwfESihfyg oduRrf;cJh&av onf/ nDnDaxG;ESihf odcJh&aomaeUu pdefyef;awG &Jaeatmif yGihfae ovdk? udkvwfeSihf od&aom aeUuvnf; xm;0,frdIif;yef;awG a0ae atmif yGifhaeavonf/ ]tJ'Dwkef;u olwkdU u,fayvdkU? EdkUrkdUqkd&if usdK;Ekdifw,fodvm;} rdk;\ tawG;onf xm;0,frdIif;&HkMuD;qDodkU aNy;oGm;[ef &Sdav onf/ aEGonfvnf; rdk;udkai;Munhf&if; xm;0,frdIif;yGihfNzLNzLav; rsm;? yef;a&mifav;rsm;?teDav;rsm;ukd a&maxG;Nrifa,mifaerdonf/ oif;ysHUvwfqwfaom &eHUav;udkvnf; &I&dIufae&ovdk xifvmav onf/

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

vwfqwfoif;ysHUaom &eHUonf avxJwGif a0h0Jaeavonf/ yGifhNzL? yGihfeDav;rsm;ESihf ,Sufaeaom yef;cdkifrsm;onf tyifay:rS nTwfusaeonf/ ][m yef;awG yef;awG? rdk;a& MunhfygOD;} aEGonf yef;yGihfa&mifpHkrsm;udk rufarmpGmESihf armhMunhf&if;ckef aygufNyD; atmfaeavonf/ aNczsm;axmufNyD; vufudk tm;ukefqefU aomfvnf; yef;ckdifrsm;udk rrDacs/ ckefí ckefí cl;Nyefaomfvnf; rrd acs/ rkd;onf ryDrurf;ESihf ckefvdkufaygufvdkuf Nzpfaeaom aEGUudk Munhfum &,faeavonf/ rdk;ESihfaEGonf nDtpfr t&if;yifNzpfaomf vnf; 'Dwpfcsufawmh rwlnDMuay/ yef;NrifvQif aEGonf £ajE´ raqmifEdkifay/ ESif;qD? oZif awmf0ifaomyef;rsm;rStpNyKí tavh usaygufaom vrf;ab;yef;uav;rsm;xd aEGrMudKufaomyef; wpf yGihfrQr&Sd/ rdk;onf rdef;uav;wkdUobm0 yef;MudKufwwfonfyifNzpf aomfvnf; aEGvdkawmh tirf;r& rNzpfwwfay/ ,ckvnf; aEGuom vdkcsifwyfrufarmpGmESihf ckefaygufaeaomfvnf; rdk;url opfyifay: wGif EG,f,Sufaeaom xm;0,frdIif;yef;rsm;udk olUvufxJxGif&Sd pm;


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

vufp xef;vsufacsmif;avmufrQ pdwf0ifpm;[ef r&Sdacs/ xkdUaMumifh vn;f opfyif&if;wGif at;at;aq;aq; xdkifum xef;vsufacsmif; udk ZdrfqGJNyD; pkyfaeavonf/ ]rdk; rkd;&JJU yef;cl;ay; aemf aemf} aEGu vufvIyfcgNyD; ylqmaomtcg rdk;raeEdkifawmhay/ pm; vufp xef;vsufacsmif;udk cyfNrefNref vufpowfNyD; ae&mrS x& &Smavonf/wpfNidrhfNidrhfESihf acgif;nGwfNyD; ac:ae[ef &Sdaom yef;cdkif rsm;udk ckefNyD;qGJ,l&ef MudK;pm;&avonf/ okdUygaomfvnf; olUcrsm MudK;pm;&usdK; reyfacs/ yef;rsm;onf rDvkrDcifESihf a0;aeaomaMumifh Nzpfonf/ ][dkem;u tckdifMuD; vSw,f rdk;&JU? aevdkcsifw,f? wdwfvdkcsif wmyJ} aEGonf vSaom arT;aom yef;cdkifrsm;udk vufndk;xkd;&if; atmf [pfaNymaerdavonf/ warmharmhESifh armahe&oNzihf Zufvnf; anmif;vSacsNyD/ odkUygaomfvn;f rdk;crsm yef;wpfcdkifudkyif &atmif rcl;Edkifao;acs/ ][if; aemf ig pdwfwkdvmNyD} rkd;onf tHudkMudwfí Mudrf;avonf/ wHcsLESihf csL&ef wkwf&Sm aomfvnf; teD;tem;wGif wkwfrqkdxm;ESihf wHNrufpnf;&dk; wpf&dk; avmufudkyif &SmrawGUacs/ ararwkdU w&m;emaeaomf bkef;MuD; rnf[k xifrdonf/ odkUygaomfvnf; bkef;MuD;w&m;udk emae&rnf


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

pdk;aomaMumihf a0;a0;u a&SmifMuonf/ usHKUusHKav;xkdifae&aom aMumihf anmif;nmvSonf/taeusyfvSonf/ xdkUaMumifh vlMuD;rsm; w&m;emcsdefwGif bkef;MuD;ausmif;0if;xJwGif vSnfyh wfaqmhupm;&if; rS acsmufurf;yg; eHab;&Sd o&ufyifMuD;ay:odkU EG,fwufaeaom xm;0,frdIif;rsm;udk awGU&SdNcif; Nzpfonf/ cgwkdif; rnfolwpfOD;wpf a,mufrQ cl;avhcl;xr&SdoNzihf vGwfvyfpGm yGihfzl;aeMuaom yef;yGihf rsm;onf olwkdUtm; r&rae cl;rnhf[efNyifaeonfh uav;rav;ESpf OD;udk txl;tqef; iHkUMunhfaeMu[ef&Sdonf/ xkdUaemuf yGihfNzL? yGihfeD av;rsm;onf ,drf;umEGJUumESifh tvSNyif&if; avNynfavat;ESifh twl arT;arT;udk vufaqmifay;vdkufMuavonf/ bkef;MuD;ausmif;bufrS &Spfyg;oDv ,laeaom toHonfa0hysH vmavonf/ bkef;awmfMuD;onf oDv ay;NyD;aomtcg &Snfvsm; aom w&m;"r®wdkUudk a[mMum;OD;rnfNzpfaomaMumifh rkd;wkdU aEGwkdU taeESihf tcsdeftawmfMumatmifyif vGwfvyfa&;&OD;rnf Nzpfonf/ ]'Davmufawmif Nzpfwm ig&atmif cl;r,f} rkd;onfaNymaNymqkdqkd ol0wfxm;aom a,m*DvHkcsnftndKa&mif av;udk wkw d kdwkwfwkwf Nyif0wfavonf/ vNynhf? OykofaeUrkdUOykof apmihf? w&m;vmaeaom rdk;wkdUararonf tusF DtNzLESihfa,m*Da&mif vHcsnfudk 0wfvmavonf/ xkdUaemuf &SpfESpfomom rdk;av;udkyg ydwftusF DNzLNzLav; qifay;NyD;? a,m*Da&mifvHcsnf 0wfqifapum a,m*Da&mif wbwfuav;udkyg ycHk;wGif wifxm;aponf/ aEGurl vHkcsnfudkyif NrJatmif r0wfwwfao;aomaMumihf a,m*Dudk r0wf&


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

acs/ tom;NzLNzL rsufawmifaumhaumhESihf aumfywf&kyfav;vdk wkwf wkwfcJcJaeaom rkd;onf a,m*Dwbufav;udk avmbufxkd;NyD; ar arhaemufrS rsufvTmav;csum vdkufcJh&avonf/ rdk;\ tqiftNyif udkMunhfNyD; Oykofapmihfvmol tm;vHk; oabmuscsD;usL;aeMuoNzihf ararvnf; ESpfodrfhae[ef&Sdonf/ rkd;crsmurl tawmfyif pdwftdkuf ae[ef&Sdonf/xkdUaMumihfvnf; ararhtvpfwGif aEGESihftwlckefayguf NyD; aNy;xGufcJhNcif;Nzpf\/ ][Gef; 'Davmufawmif MuD;us,fwJyh ef; odMua&mayhg} rkd;onf aNymaNymqkdqkd o&ufyifudk zufwufawmhonf/ aEG onf aysmhaysmhEJGUEGJUESihf tm;enf;[ef aygufaomfvnf; rkd;url wkwf wkwfcJcJESihf rdef;rMurf;av;Nzpfonf/ ararwdkUvpfvQif vpfovdk opfyifay: a&mufoGm;avh&Sdonf/ xkdUaMumihfvnf; tudkif;rsm;,Suf Nzmaeaom o&ufyifonf rdk;twGuf wuf&efrcJ,Of;[k xifonf/ pdwfuvnf; aqmifaeaomaMumihf ausmfum cGumESihf r& &atmif wuf&ef MudK;yrf;aeonf/ ]aEGa& atmufu wGef;ay;av? rdk;wufvdkU r&bl;? 'Dwpfxpf &&if &NyD} tay:odkUra&mufbJ avQmvdkUcsnf;usaeaomtcgrS rdk;u ppf ulawmif;onf/ yef;vdkcsifaZmESihf aEGonfvn;f rkd;\ wifyg;udk atmufbufrS vufESpfzufESifh wGef;wif&onf/ yifpnfukd ukyfuyf zufxm;NyD; wGJvGJNzpfaeaom rdk;onf xdktcgrS cGqHkodkU acsmarmpGm a&mufoGm;avonf/ arar ZmwfoGif;vmcJhaom a,m*Drav;onf


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

o&ufyifcGMum;wGif &ku©pdk;b0 aNymif;aeonfudk awGU&ygu ararh crsm tawmfpdwfnpfoGm;&Smayrnf/ ][dk tzsm;u tcdkifMuD; rkd;a&? [dkem;rSmvnf; vSw,f? [m; wdwfvSwmyJ} tcufrsm;qDodkU wpfzef wuf&Nyefavonf/ atmufbufrS aEGu vnf; [dktukdif; vufndk;xkd;? onftudkif; vufndk;xdk;ESihf avmb wMuD; atmf[pfaeonf/ yef;qkdonfrsm;uvnf; opfyifudk EG,f,SufwufaeNyD; udkif; zsm;a&mufaomtcgrS tqkyfvdkuf? tckdifvdkuf yGihfawmhonf/tukdif; &if;wGifawmh ryGihfacs/ rkd;onf opfyifay:odkU a&mufaomfvnf;yef; yGihf yef;cufrsm; ywfvnf 0dkif;aeaomfvnf; vufvSrf;rrDoNzihf rcsihfr&JNzpfaeNyefonf/ opfyifatmufwGif aepOfu tay:odkUrrDo Nzihf rcsihfr&J NzpfaeNyefonf/ opfyifatmufwGif aepOfu tay:odkU om rrDNcif;Nzpf\/ cktcgopfyifay:odkU a&mufaeNyD; txufatmuf wGifomru av;bufav;wef yef;rsm;udk Nrifae&aomfvnf; rnf onfhbufu yef;udkrQ vufvSrf;í rrDacs/ ]rdk;&JU [dkem;u tcufMuD;? 'Dem;rSma&m tckdifMuD;} aEGu warmharmhESihf atmfaeaomaMumifh rkd;uvnf; udkif;zsm; odkU t&JpGefU&if; wdk;oGm;&avonf/ vufwpfzufu opfudkif;udk zufxm;&if;rS ywfvnf0dkif;aeaom yef;ckdifrsm;udk vSrf;csdK;,lvdkuf NyD; ypfcsay;vdkufonf/ aEGonf 0rf;omtm;& atmf[pfNyD; axG;u


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

eJ usvmaom yef;ckdifrsm;udk aNy;aumufavonf/ rsufESmav;0if;y &TifysoGm;aom aEGudk auseyfpm iHkUMunhfNyD; rdk;onf aemufopfudkif; wpfudkif;udk vSrf;ul;vdkufonf/ rkd;\vufESpfzufu opfudkif;udk rd rd&& qkyfudkifrdaomfvnf; a&SUavmbMuD;aeaom aNcESpfacsmif;url avxJodkU vGwfxGufoGm;avonf/ ]tra&;awmh rdk; rkd;} aEGonf 0kef;ceJ wef;vef;MuD;NzpfoGm;aom rkd;udk armhMunh&f if; ua,mifacsmufcsm; atmfvdkufrdavonf/ vlwpfudk,fvHk; tav; &SdefaMumifh wodrfhodrfh nGwfaeaom o&ufudkif;udk vufESpfzufESihf qGJckdxm;aom rdk;\ rsufvHk;rsm;onf NyL;us,f0kdif;pufaeonf/ trSD twG,f r&dSaom aNcaxmufESpfacsmif;onfum; avxJwGif um;&m; um;&m; Nzpfaeavonf/ ]rdk;&JU udkifxm;aemf udkifxm;} aEGonf yef;rsm;udk Nzef;ceJ ypfcsvdkufrdonf/ xdkUaemufarsmuf uav;vdk wGJavmif;Nzpfaeaom rkd;\ atmufwnhfwnfhodkU wtm; usHK;NyD;aNy;vmum vuf0g;av;ESpfzufNzefUNyD; cHxm;vkdufavonf/ rawmfwq rdk;NyKwfusvmvQif remap&ef[laom a,mifcsmcsm tawG;av;aMumifh Nzpfonf/ xm;0,frdIif;yef;rsm;onf wodrfhodrhf nGwfaeaom tudkif;ay: rS wzGm;zGm; aMuGusvmukefonf/ rkd;\ rsufESmem;wGif a0hum0Jum ESihf tvSNyaeMuavonf/ yef;NzLudkvnf; rNrif? yef;eDudkvnf; r


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

awGU? arT;ysHUaeaom &eHUudkyif r&dIuftm;/ rkd;onf o&ufudkif;udk uspfuspfygatmif qkyfudkifqGJckdxm;&if; aZmacR;rsm; Nyefaeavonf/ atmufbufwGif aEGonf aNy;umvTm;um ckefum aygufumESihf w0l;0l; w0g;0g; atmf[pfaeaomfvnf; bmawGatmfí aerSef;rod acs/ ]rkd;&JU rdk; udkifxm;? ckdxm;aemf rvTwfeJUaemf} aEGonf wpfa,mufwnf; a,muf,ufcwfNyD; qlnHaeatmif atmf[pfaerdavonf/ vlMuD;rsm;om tm;udk;&m&SdawmhonfrkdU aEG onf "r®m&HkbufodkUvSnfhum tm;ukefaNy;oGm;onf/arsmuf&IH;atmif aqmh& aumif;vm;[k ararwkdU qlrnf &dkufrnfudkaMumufaomfpdwf ESihf rkd;vGwfusrSm pdk;&drfaomupdwfwkdUu &ifwGif;üvHk;axG;aeMupOf aEGonf wpfpHkwpfOD;ESihf t&SdefNyif;Nyif; wdkufrdum rsufvHk;rsm;yif rD;yGifhoGm;onf/ ][if eifudk;} nDnDaxG;onf aEGUezl;ESihf aqmihfrdoGm;aom olar;aphukd ol yGwf&if; tHhNoovdk aNymavonf/ aEGUcrsmrSmawmh zl;xvmaom ezl;udkyif ryGwftm;? olUudk ]acG;ydefwm&dk; em;Nywf} [k trnfopf ay;xm;onfudkvn;f owdr&Edkif? olUvufukdqGJcgum tm;udk;w MuD;ESihf AvHk;AaxG; aNymrdavonf/ ]rkd;&,f rkd;&,f oGJavmif;MuD;? opfyifay:rSm oef;vef;MuD;? vkyfygOD; oGJavmif;MuD;Nzpfaew,f}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

nDnDaxG;\ ab;wGif rkd;t&G,fomomcefU aumifav;wpf a,mufudk awGU&avonf/ rsufuvJqefysm Nzpfaeom aEGUukdrsuf pdaemufovdk rsufarSmifMuKwfNyD; Munhfaeavonf/ aEGaNymaeaom oGJavmif;? oef;vef;ponfh a0g[m&rsm;udkvn;f &kwfw&uf em; vnf[efrwlacs/ ]vmyg vmygtHk;? [D; rkd;udk u,fygOD;} rnfodkUyifqkdap aEGu olwkdUESpfOD;\ vufudk wpfzufpDqGJum tm;ukef NyefaNy;vmaomtcg olkwdkUvn;f uefUvefUuefUvefUESifh t aNy;tvTm; ygvmMuavonf/ ][dkrSm MunhfygOD;? rkd;&,f oGJavmif;MuD; Nzpfaeo,f/ rdk; rdk; aewdkUvmNyD} ][m} opfyifay:&Sd xm;0,frdIif;yef;rsm; Mum;xJwGif oD;aeaom ola,mifoD;MuD;ukd awGUaomtcg nDnDaxG;wkdU ESpfOD;onf tawmf yiftHhNooGm;Muavonf/ ola,mifoD;crsm vSvSyyawmh r[kwf&Sm ay/ xkdrSs udk;&dk;um;&m;Edkifaom ola,mifoD;udk awGUzl;onhftwGuf uHaumif;onf qkd&rnf[k udkvwfu MuD;vmaomtcgwGif rMumc P aNymwwfavonf/ opfyifrwufrDu wkdwkdwkwfwkwf Nyif0wfoGm;aom a,m*DvHk csnfav;onf b,ftcsdefu uRwfoGm;onfrod/ aNczsm;wGif csdwf aeavonf/ olUudk,fol xbDrNrJrSef;odonfhtwGuf txJrS abmif;


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

bDuav; cH0wfxm;aomaMumihf rdk;crsm t&Sufawmh vHk;vHk;MuD;ruGJ &Smay/ ]aEGa&? rdk;vufawG emvSNyD; vTwfcsvdkufawmhr,f? rdaEG eif b,foGm;aewkHk;} ]ae&Sdw,f rdk; ae&Sdw,f} aEGonf opfyifatmufodkU aNy;oGm;&if;rS roufromNzpfae aom rdk;udk idkrJhrJhESihf armhMunhfavonf/vuf0g;av;ESpfzufuvnf; tvdkvkdyif NzefUNyD; cHxm;rdonf/ ]rkd; vufawGemvSNyD} rdk;u twGifom atmfaeonf/ wpfudk,fvHk; tav;csdefukd qGJcdk xm;aom vufESpfzufonfvn;f Mum&Snf tm;aumif;EkdifMuawmh rnf r[kwfacs/ rdk;NyKwfusvQif oufomrnfawmh r[kwf? acG;us usrnfNzpfonf/ zifanSmihf&kd;yJ usdK;rvm;? aNcaxmufyJ usdK;avr vm;[laom pdk;&drfrIESihf aEGonf tonf;tlwkefae&Smavonf/ vlu acG;us rusaomfvn;f aNczsm;wGif csdwfaeaom xbDu rl anmif;nm[efwlonf/ a0[ifwGif av,mOfuJhokdU 0JysHNyD; aNrNyif odkU Nznf;nif;pGm oufqif;vmavonf/ ]z,fprf; z,fprf;? eif z,fay;prf;} xkdpOfu aEGUudk vufwpfzufu wGef;ypfvdkufavonf/ olU vufxJwGif rdk;qDrS uRwfusvmaom xbDav;udk udkifxm;onf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

rkd;usvmrnfh &Spfay udk;aycefUNrihfaom tNrihfonf vlMuD;wpf a,muf taeESifhqkdygu raNymyavmufaomfvn;f aEGwdkUuav; tNrif? tawG;ESihfrl tawmfMuD; Nrihfavonf/ ]eifu bmidkifaewmvJ oGm; [dkbuftpGEf;u oGm;NyD; qGJxm;? nDaxG;u 'DbuftpGef;u qGJ} olonf aEGUudkvSnhfNyD; aigufvkdufao;onf/ a,m*DxbD;av; udk olutpESpfzufrS tm;ukefqGJyD; nDaxG;ESihf aEGudkvnf; wpfzuf pDrS aNcuefNyD; qGJxm;aponf/ ]uJ vTwfcscsif&if csvdkufawmh &,f'D} ]&,f'D'D r'D'D iguawmh usNyDa[h} ta&;xJ rdk;u 0l;0l;0g;0g; atmfaeao;onf/ tcsdefrD&Hk uav; yifNzpfygonf/ tapmMuD;uwnf;u aNcvGwfaeaom rdk;onf vuf tH aoNyD; vufygvTwfum um;&m;MuD; usvmawmhonf/ xbDay: wnhfwnhfusonfhtwGuf rdk;uHaumif;ygonf/ uHraumif;onfu aEGwkdU Nzpfonf/ rkd;u 0kef;cJusvmaomtcg tem;rsm;udkaNcuefqGJ xm;aom aEGwkdUonf NzKef;ceJzifaxmifum acgif;tcsif;csif; cyf Nyif;Nyif;av; &dkufcwfrdMuavonf/ ][Jh OHKzG OHKzG emoGm;Muvm;} zifanSmihf&dk;atmifhoGm;aom rdk;onf ae&mrS rxEkdifao;bJ &IHU rJhrJheSihfolUzifol yGwfae&if;rSpdk;&drfwMuD;ar;aeao;onf/tusF Dvuf &SnfNzLav;ESihf a,m*Dwbufuav;udk avmbufxdk;xm;aom rdk;


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

onf udk,fcE¨matmufydkif;wGifawmh Zmem;wyfabmif;bDNymNymav; ESihfrkdU Munhf&onfrSm &,fp&maumif;vSonf/ odkU&mwGif olwkdUcrsm r&,ftm;Mu&Smay/ udk,hfacgif; udk,fyGwfae&aomaMumifh Nzpf\/ tcsdeftwefMumatmif wGJavmif;'ku©onf NzpfcJh&aom rdk;url b,fvdkaeonf rod/ aEGUcrsmurl opfyifatmufwGif aNy;&vTm;& pdwfylyif&ESihf tawmfMuD;yifyef;oGm;avonf/ pdwfarm vlarmNzpf oGm;aom aEGonf ae&mrSrxEdkifao;bJ aqmifhaMumifhav;xkdif&if; w&dyf&dyfrl;aeonf/acgif;ESpfvHk;ESihf aqmihfrdaom'PfaMumifh ezl;Nyif wGif zl;zl;a,mifNyD; emusifeD&Jaeonf/ ]eifuvnf; aqmhvdkufwm} twefMumaomtcgrS nDnDaxG;u tNypfwifpum; qkdEkdifav onf/ ]olayhg yef;vdkcsifw,fqkdvkdU} ]ol vdkcsifwkdif; eifu opfyifwufa&mvm;} ]at;ayhg? ighnDrav;yJ igcl;ay;wmayhg} ]aEGacgifacgif r[kwfvm;? eifua&m rkd;onf;onf;vm;} nDnDaxG;u aNymifpyfpyfESihf ar;avonf/ NyHk;csdKaom rsufESm ESihf &,f&TifaomrsufvHk;rsm;udk rdk;wkdUnDtpfr tNypfrNrifMuawmhay/ nDnDaxG;ab;u aumifav;url rNyHk;r&,fESihfcyfwnfwnfMunhfae avonf/ EIwfcrf;udk wif;wif;aphNyD; wnfxm;aomfvnf; olUrsuf


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

vHk;rsm;url udk;&dk;um;&m;EkdifvSaom rdk;udkMunhfNyD; &,farmaeMu [ef&Sdavonf/ tom;vwfvwf qHyifwkdwkdESifh ykqkd;uGufrD;ckd; a&mif wpfywfEGrf;av;udk 0wfxm;onfudk aEGrSwfrdonf/ ]eihfudkawmh odom;yJ? olu b,folvJ} rdk;onf zkeftvl;vl; ayaeaom olUxbDav;udk uref;uwef; Nyef0wf&if;rS ar;onf/ vlwpfukd,fvHk; NyKwfusaom'PfaMumifh vHk csnftem;onf wpfxGmcefU NyJoGm;avonf/ rl;&dyf&dyfNzpfaeaom aEGurl bmpum;rQ rqdkNzpfbJ olUezl;ukdol vufESpfzufESihftkyfudkif &if; pum;aumif;aeMuaom olwkdUwpfawGukd &Da0a0av; Munhfae rdavonf/ ]igu udkudkvwf? a*gufoD;&dkufwJhuGif; aemufbufem;rSm ae wm? nDaxG;wkdUeJU odyfra0;bl;} udkudkvwfu aNymvdkufpOfwGif bkef;Mud;ausmif;bufrS om"k ac:oH [def;NyD;xGufvmavonf/ ararwkdU w&m;yGJNyD;oGm;NyDxif onf/ vlMuD;rsm;onf rkd;udk u,fwifvdkufaom aEGwdkUaumif;rIt wGufrsm; om"kac:Ncif;avvm;[k aEGonf ra&r&mav; awG;aerd avonf/ ]igu rkd;onf;onf; [kwfygbl;/ rdk;wpfvHk;wnf; rdk;wJh? olu igh nDrav;av? ]]aEG}}wJh }


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

rdk;onf wapmif;eif; vrf;avQmuf&if;rS NyefaNymavonf/ zif emaeaom 'PfaMumifh? rdk; vrf;avQmuf&onfrSm apmif;ief; apmif; ief;ESihf &,fp&maumif;aeavonf/ okdUaomf udkudkvwfESihf nDnDaxG;onf rkd;udk r&,fbJ aqmihf aMumihfav;xdkifaeaom aEGUudkMunhfum tom;vGwf &,fMuav onf/ xdkUaemuf wpfNydKifeufwnf; rSwfcsufcsMuonf/ ]tvum; aumifrav;? bmrQvnf; tNzpfr&Sdbl;}

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

rdaEG eif tvum; aumifrav;? tifrwef vlyg;0w,f? ig b,f wkef;u vdrfnm aNymzl;vkdUvJ? eihfoli,fcsif;udk,f0ef&Sdwm olU[m ol&Sdwm? ol ighudk vdkufavsmvGef;vdkU ig zufcsif zufr,f? erf;csif erf;r,f? 'gayrJh usL;usL;vGefvGef vHk;0rNzpfbl;? ig 'Davmuf opöm rrJhbl;? Ol[m b,fvdk rdef;uav;qkdwmvn;f eifodw,f/ olU&nf; pm;awGrS trsm;MuD;? ig aNymwJhpum;udk eif r,Hkbl;? ab;pum;udk awmh bk&m;a[mvdk ,Hkw,f/ig xyfaNymOD;r,f rdaEG? eifholi,fcsif; ukd ig vHk;0 rzsufqD;bl;? Ighudk vl,kwfrmwpfa,mufvkdU yufyuf pufpufaNymwJh pum;awGukd ig wpfouf rarhbl;? aemufNyD; ihgyg; udk &dkufwmvnf; b,fawmhrQ rausbl;/ rSwfxm; rdaEG? nDaxG; qkdwJhaumif[m b,fawmhrQ vdrfaNym bl;? ig rdef;uav;wpfa,mufudk MudKufw,f tJ cspfw,fqdkygawmh ol[m igh&JU tcspfOD;yJ? tJ'Doludk eif odcsifvm;? Eifh oli,fcsif;awG awmh r[kwfbl;? tJ'D rdef;uav;[m eifyJ od&JUvm;/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

eif 'Dvdkod&awmh ighyg;udk &dkufcsifao;vm;? &dkuf&J&if &dkuf Munhfayhg? ig eifhudk cifw,f? 'dkU[m oli,fcsif;awG? aemufNyD; MuD; vmawmh wpfcg cspfrdw,f xifw,f? 'gayrJh rSwfxm;prf; rdaEG? nDaxG;[m cspfwwfcifwwfovdk emwwf rkef;wwfw,f? eihfukd vnf; igtck odyfNyD; tNrifuwfw,f? ighpdwfukd igNyefar;MunhfOD; r,f? ighyg;udk &dkufxm;wJh aumifrav;udk igh rdef;rtNzpf vufcHEdkif yghrvm;vdkU?at; vufcHekdifw,f cGihfvTwfEdkifw,fqkdwJh wpfaeUawmh eihfudk ig,lr,f/ nDnDaxG;

aEGonf vGefcJhaomaNcmufESpfausmfu pmuav;udk Nyefzwf&if; yihfoufuav; &dIufvdkufrdavonf/ &ifxJwGif EGrf;armum ikdcsifo vdk Nzpfaewke;frS oJhoJhav;NyHK;rdao;onf/ i,fpdwf i,ftawG;av; ESifhwkef;uzwf&if;ESihf a'gockd;rsm; wa0a0wufvmaom pmuav; udk ,cktcg aEGonf cGihfvTwfaom tNyHK;av;ESihf Nyefvnfzwfrdav onf/ i,fuuRrf;aom i,fuRrf;aqGESpfOD;onf a'goaqmifNyD; trkef;ESifh cGJcGmMu&onfhtaMumif;udk rkd;yif rodacs/ cspfolrsufESmudk wpf&Gmru wpfurÇmxifNyD;vdkufoGm;aom rdk;udkvn;f aEGu tusdK; taMumif; aNymrNycJhacs/xdkUaMumifh rdk;u ]nDaxG; wpfa,muf aeedkif vdkufwm? pmra&;bl;} [k qkdavwkdif; aEGonf yihfoufuav;om usdwfNyD; cscJh&onf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]a[; aEG Munhfprf;? bmawG ckd;zwfaewmvJ? rdk;udkvnf; NyOD; av} rdk;onftcef;wGif;okdU vSrf;0ifvm&if;aNymonf/ rkd;wpfa,muf tdrfaxmifusoGm;uwnf;u aEGESifh taea0;oGm;onf/ ,ck aEGu bGJU&NyD; q&mr0iftvkyf? rdk;\cifyGef;uvnf; e,ftaNymif;ESihf MuHK MudKufoGm;aomtcgrS nDtpfrESpfOD; NyefNyD; pkpnf;rdavonf/ a,muFsm;,lNyD; a,muFsm;wpfzuf? uav;wpfzufESihf ZGJaumif; aumif; ausmif;wufcJhaom rkd;onf ydokumbGJUxl; qGwfcl;EdkifcJh onf/ odkUaomf olUcifyGef;u txufNrefrmNynfokdU aNymif;&aomt cgwGifum; rkd;crsm &efukefwGif aomifwifcJh&Smonf/ ydokumrsm;udk &efukefwGifomxm;NyD; e,frsm;odkU odyfrvTwfao;aomaMumifhNzpf\ r,fwpf&Gm? armifwpfNrdKU Nzpfaeaomrdk;onf ysif;ysif;&Sdwkif; aEGESihf a&S;a[mif;aeSmif;Nzpfrsm;ukd aNymNyD; tysif;aNzae&&Smonf/ ]nDaxG;qDu pmyg} ]tr,f udk,fawmfacsmu pma&;w,fvm;? tck b,fa&mufae owJhvJ} ]rodygbl; rkd;&,f} ][if bmrQ rygbl;vm;} ]pmu tcka&;wJhpmrS r[kwfbJ? MumvSNyD} ]b,fwkef;u}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]aNcmufESpfawmif ausmfNyD} aEGonf 0ga&mifoef;aeaom pm&GufNzLav;udk rkd; qDokdUvSrf; ay;vdkufonf/ qnf;qma&mifonf tcef;wGif;odkU ,SufNzmNyD; usa&mufae onf/ a&Ta&mif0if;aeaom aea&mifNcnf trQifwef;uav;udk aEG onf trSrxifav; ai;Munhfaerdavonf/ aea&mifNcnfudk vufcH Muaom vlom;wkdUurÇmwGif wkd;wufrIrsm;? qkwf,kwfrIrsm;? rkef; wD;rIrsm;ESihf &kef;&if; qefcwfNzpfaeMuaomfvnf; aerif;MuD;url *&k xm;rd[efyifr&Sdacs/ ,cifwkef;uvnf; *&krxm;? ,ckvnf;tav; rrl? aemifvnf; ta&;pdkufvdrhfrnf r[kwfacs/ ae0ifNcif; aexGuf Ncif; ponfh olU0wÅ&m;udkom urÇmwnfoa&GU rNiD;raiGU aqmif&Guf aernfNzpfavonf/ ][,f aEG&,f b,fvdkNzpfMuwmvJ} rkd;u tHhNowMuD; ar;avonf/ ]pmxJrSm ygwJhtwkdif;yJav} ]tkd rdk; bmrQ em;rvnfbl;? bmawGvJ} rdk;u OD;acgi;fudk cg,rf;&if;aNymavonf/ tHhNowMuD;Nzpfae aom rdk;udk Munhf&if; aEGonf [uf[ufyufyuf &,fvdkufrdav onf/ &,f&if;vnf; rsufvHk;tdrfwGif rsuf&nfrsm; a0h0Jvmonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]rdk;u b,fodrvJ? rdk;ua,muFsm;,loGm;NyD;uwnf;u aEGwkdU tm;vHk;ukd arhoGm;wmyJ r[kwfvm;} ]rdaEG&,f eifuvnf; 'gyJ rauseyfEdkif rcsrf;EdkifNzpfaewmudk;? eifudk,fawGUMuHKrS odr,f? xm;ygOD;? tJ'gudkxm;ygOD;? aEG&,f 'Dpm xJutaMumif; rkd;udk &Sif;NyygOD;} ]pmxJu twkdif;yJayhg rkd;&,f? aEGa&m nDaxG;a&m wuúodkvf a&mufMuawmh nDaxG;udk rdef;uav;awGu odyfcifMuw,f/ olu vnf; aysmfwwf &Tifwwf vlacsmuav; r[kwfvm;? tJ'DtcsdefrSm aEG&JU oli,fcsif;auoDqkdwJh aumifrav;u nDaxG;udkMudKufw,f rdk;&JU? nDaxG;uvnf; rdef;uav;awGeJU a&mw,f/ auoDu oleJU nDaxG;eJU MudKufaeMuNyDvdkUaNyawmh aEGu ,Hkwmayhg/ nDaxG;udk ar;awmhvnf; bdk;apmu &DNzJNzJeJU taumif;raNzbl;? aemufawmh rMumygbl; ? auoDrSm udk,f0ef&SdNyD; atmhvdkuf tefvdkufNzpfyga&m? aEGvnf; rsufvHk;NyL;wmayhg? auoDu idkNyD;aNymw,f/ nDaxG;eJU NzpfwmygwJh/ nDaxG;udk em;csay;ygwJh/ 'Dawmh aEGu nDaxG;udkawGU NyD; qlwmayhg? qJwmayhg? nDaxG;u twi;fNiif;wmyJ? olNiif;av aEGu a'goxGufNyD; zdaNymaveJU &efNzpfMuyga&m? tJ'Dvd k tNyeft vSef NzpfMu&if; olu aEGxdkifaewJh ukvm;xkdifukd aNceJUuefw,fav aEGuvnf; a'got&r;fNzpfNyD; olUyg;udk ydwfwD;vdkufwmayhg} ]aNomf aEG&,f}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

rdk;onf yifhouf&dIufvdkufavonf/ aEGU taMumif;a&m?nDaxG; taMumif;yg uMuD;rSpí t txd odxm;olNzpfoNzihf ESpfOD;pvHk; rD; ukef ,rf;ukefa'gotdk;uGJMurnfh &Icif;udk rSef;qMunhf&HkESIhf uGif;uGif; uGufuGuf Nrifa,mifvmavonf/ aEGonf pum;aNym&yfNyD; tdyf&mcif;ay:odkU oG,fwef;usqif; vmaom aea&mifNcnfwef;av;udk ai;Munhfaeavonf/ a&Ta&mif aeNcnfrQifxJwGif a'gocdk;a0aeaom nDaxG;\ rsufvHk;ndkrsm;udk Nrifa,mifaerdavonf/ ][dk rdef;uav;ua&m} ]olu aemufrSawmif;yefw,f? olUcJtkdeJU rSm;,Gif;rdwmygwJh/ nDaxG;rSm tNypfr&Sdygbl;? olMuHrdMuH&meJU nDaxG;udk vufrvTwfcsif vdkU vufndk;xdk;wmygvdkU pma&;awmif;yefoGm;w,f/ 'gayrJh tJh'Dt csdefrSm nDaxG;eJU aEGuvnf; aqmfyavmwD;NyD;aeMuNyD} ]at;[,f aumifrav;uvJ 'gayrJh olUcrsm oem;p&mygyJ? rdef;uav;awGb0rsm; embufucsnf;yJ} rdk;onf wuúodkvfaNrrSvGihfoGm;aom yef;av;wpfyGihfudk ESaNrm woaom u&kPmESihf a&&Gwfrdonf/ om,mrI&SdaomaMumifhvnf; aumif;? taetxkdif rwwfíaomfvnf;aumif;?pdwfxm;aysmhaNymif; íaomfvnf;aumif;? cspfoludk ,HkMunfvGef;aomaMumihfaomfvnf; aumif; rdef;uav;rsm;onf 'ku©ESihf &ifqkdifwkd;wwfMuavonf/ rdk;onf oufNyif;cs&if; pm&Gufav;udk aumuf,lvdkufNyefonf/ 0g


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

usihfusihfpm&Gufav;udk aemufwpfacguf xyfzwfNyD;aomtcgrS rkd; onf owd&oGm;ovdk tvefUwMum; xatmfavon/f ][Jh nDaxG;u aEGUudk ,lr,fwJhvm;} aEGonf rJhNyHk;av;NyHk;&if; acgif;ndwfvdkufonf/ [kwfygonf/ nDaxG;[lonfh udk,fawmfacsmu aEGUudk wpfaeU ol vufcHekdifygu cGihfvTwfEdkifygu olUrdef;rtNzpf ,lrnf[k &mZoHay;oGm;cJhonf/ xkd pmudkzwfí aEGonf qwfqwfwkefatmif a'goNzpfcJh&avonf/ ]tm;MuD; vlyg;0w,f? *spfuefuefeJU} ]i,fwke;fu tusihfraysmufao;vkdU xifyg&JU[,f? olEkdifwJh bufuawmh vSnhfNyD;aNymwmyJ? b,fawmhrQ tavQmhray;bl;} ]tJh'Dtusihfu tNrifuwfp&maumif;wm} EIwfcrf;uav;udk rJhumaNym&if; aEGonf NyHK;rdao;onf/ wpf csdefwpfcgu qwfqwfwkefatmif a'goxGufcJh&aomfvnf; ,ckt csdew f Gifum; aEGonf q,hfaNcmufESpfomom NrD;aumifaygufrav; ]aEG}r[kwfawmhNyD/ toufyif ESpfq,fausmfNyDrkdU &ihfusufoihfo avmufawmh &ifhusufvmNyD Nzpfonf/ aNcmufESpf[laom tcsdefum vonf a'gorsm; aNyaysmuf&efudkvn;faumif;? rmerD;rsm; t&Sdef avsmhap&efudkvnf;aumif; rsm;pGmyif taxmuftulay;avonf/ ]tJ'DtaMumif; udkvwfodvm;}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]tJ'Dwkef;u olu rEÅav;pdkufysdK;a&;wuúodkvfrSmav? aEG r aNymNzpfcJhbl;? ol pdwf0ifpm;vdrhfr,fvnf; rxifvkdU} qnf;qma&mifonf eD&J,SufNzmae&mrS tarSmifpdk;vmonf/ arSmif0g;0g;xJwGif rkd;wkdU nDtpfrESpOf D; cyfililav;xkdifaerdMuav onf/ &ifxJwGif,drf;cg vIyf&Sm;aeaomfvnf; udk,fcE¨mrsm;url Nidrf oufaeMuonf/ rD;xzGihf&efukdyif 0efav;aeMuavonf/ ]oli,fcsif;awG aqmfMu wD;Muw,fqkdwm udkvwfMuD;od&if pdwfaumif;rSm r[kwfbl;} twefMumaomtcgrS rkd;u aNymonf/{nhfcef;xJwGif zkd;atmif ESihf rdi,fwkdU Niif;ckefaqmhupm;aeaom toHudk Mum;ae&avonf/ uav;i,frsm;onf xm0pOfyif oGufvuf &TifaysmfaeMuavonf/ ]udkvwf vmao;w,f? ol bGJU,lr,hfESpfu xifyg&JU? &efukef udkvm&if; aEGwdkUtaqmifudk wpfcgvmao;w,f? 'Dwkef;u nDaxG; ppfwuúodkvfwufaeNyD} aEGonf tdyf&may:okdY vSJtdyfvdkuf&if; wkd;wkd;av;aNymvdkuf onf/ qnf;qma&mif aysmufNyD; tarSmifpdk;rdk;vmaom nOfhOD;0,f aEGU pdwfrsm;onf vGefcJhaomtcsdefrsm;qDodkU cyfNrefNrefav; vSrf; oGm;Muonf/ ]udkvwfu aNymw,f? eifwkdU bmNzpfaeMuwmvJwJh} xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]rdaEG eifwkdU bmNzpfaeMuwmvJ? &efNzpfxm;Muvm;} udkudkvwfu ar;avonf/aEGonf bmrQNyefraNzbJ tif;vsm; a&Nyifudkom ai;armMunhfaerdavonf/ qla0wufvmaom a'go rsm;udk rsdKcs&if; rsufawmif wzsyfzsyfcwfaeavonf/ ]nDaxG; arNrdKUwkef;u igwkdUausmif;0ifNyD; EIwfqufoGm;ao; w,f/ tJ'Dwkef;uvnf; eif aeaumif;&JUvm;vdkU ar;awmh tHMudwf NyD; tJ'D aumifemrav;taMumif; olUudk bmrQrar;eJUwJh eifwkdU bm NzpfMuwmvJ} nDnDaxG; ppfwuúodkvfodkU avQmufxm;onfrSm 0ifcGihf&onfh taMumif; aEG wpfqihfMum;od&onf/ xkdUaMumihf auoDav;wpf a,muf rxifr&Sm;ESifhaNc&mazsmufNyD; wpfvcefUtMumwGif nDnDaxG;onfvnf; ppfwuúodkvfokdUa&mufoGm;cJh&onf/ auoDhqD rS &Sif;vif;pm a&mufrvmao;onfhtwGuf nDnDaxG;udk vl,kwfrm vdkyif aEGUpdwfxüJ xifaeqJyifNzpfonf/ cg;cg;oD;oD;rkef;wD;NyD; txifao;aeqJyif Nzpfonf/ xkdUaMumifh nDnDaxG; oGm;awmhrnfh taMumif;udk Mum;aeodae&aomfvn;f EIwfquf&efvnf; pdwfrul; rsufeSmcsif;vnf; rqkdifay/ odkUaomf nDaxG;u aEG&Sd&modkU vmcJh onf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

xdkaeUeHeufu rkd;onf;onf;&Gmaeonfudkawmh aEGrSwfrdonf/ tHkUaomrnf;aom aumif;uifESifhtNydKif nDaxG;rsufeSmonfvnf; ndkrJaeonf/ ]eihfudk ig vmEIwfqufr[kwfbl; rdaEG} aEGUudk NrifNrifcsif; &efpum;paNymonf/ aEGuvnf; EIwfcrf;udk wif;wif;aphum rsufeSmudk a'gocdk;a0aeaomrsufvHk;rsm;ESIifh olUudk Munhfrdonf/ i,fEkaom i,foli,fcsif;ESpfOD;onf wpfOD;udkwpfOD; rmevQHaom tMunfhrsm;ESihf pkl;pl;&J&JMunhfaerdMuavonf/ ‘eifckxd 0efrcHao;bl;vm;} ]bmvdkU 0efcH&rSmvJ} ]eihftNypfudk eif0efcH} ]uJ 0efcHw,f? uJ[m} aEGonf NzKef;ceJ tzufcHvdkuf&NyD; yg;NyifwGif aEG;ceJNzpfoGm; onf/ aEGUrsufvHk;rsm; NymoGm;onf/ nDaxG;u olUukderf;onf[l aom todESihf acsmufacsmufcsm;csm;MuD;NzpfoGm;um vufukdaNrSmuf &if; wtm;&dkufvdkufonf/ odkUaomf aEGUvufrsm;onf avudkom 0D;ceJ&dkufrdonf/ nDaxG;u tvsiftNref qkwfcGmoGm;aomaMumifh Nzpfonf/ ]uJ 0efcHNyDvm;? eif bmaNymcsifao;vJ}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

nDaxG;onf um;ay:odkU tvsiftNref wuf&if; rckd;rcefUaNym aeao;onf/ aEGonf a'goeSihfqwfqwfwkef&if; um;em;odkUaNy; uyfoGm;aomfvnf; um;u t&SdefNyif;Nyif;ESifh armif;xGufoGm;av onf/ xdkUaemuf pmtdwfNzLNzLav;udk ypfay;oGm;onf/ aEGonf aNray:wGifusaeaom pmtdwfav;udk aNcESifhzdeif;&if; wpfudk,fvHk; wGif a'gotckd;taiGUrsm; qla00JysHaeonf/ a'gopdwfonf [dkuf' &dk*sif"mwfaiGUvdk rdk;ysHEkdifygu aEGUwpfudk,fvHk; twm;tqD;r&Sd rdk; ay:odkUxkd;wufysHoGm;rnfNzpfonf/ ]eifwkdU &efNzpfxm;Muw,f r[kwfvm;? eifwkdU ESpfa,mufvHk; wu,fhukd uav;pdwfawGyJ&Sdao;w,f? bmr[kwfwmav;eJU&efNzpf Mu? pdwfaumufMu? nDaxG;uvnf; tm;MuD;tpoefw,f? eifu vnf; tifrwefqkd;w,f} ][kwfw,f aEGu qkd;w,f odyfqkd;w,f? udkvwf&JUnDaxG;u awmh odyfaumif;w,f? odyfvrd ®mw,f? odyfawmfw,f [kwfvm;} ]rdaEG&,f 'kdUudk bmvdkU&efaxmifae&wmvJ? eifwkdUESpfa,mufu i,fi,fxJu wusufusuf &efNzpfaeusrdkUaNymwm? eihfudk,feif rSef xJNyefMunhfprf;? i,fi,fwkef;uvdk *g0efav;eJU rdaEGrSr[kwfawmh yJ? vluMuD;vmovdk pdwfxm;vnf; &ifhvmprf;yg? bmNzpfvdkU uav;awGvdk &efNzpfcsifaeMuwmvJ}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]tdk udkvwf bmodvJ? uav;vdk&efNzpfaeMuwm r[kwfbl;? vlMuD;vdk &efNzpfwm? vlMuD;NzpfvmvdkU 'Dvdk&efNzpfwm od&JUvm;? nD axG; raumif;bl;} aEGonf a'gooHav;ESihfaNym&if; rsuf&nfrsm;a0hvnfvm onf/ csHK;yGJcsí idkypfvkdufcsifaomfvn;f ridkNzpfbJ EIwfcrf;av;rsm; om wqwfqwf wkefaeonf/ udkvwfukd tptqHk;ZmwfaMumif; vSefum aNymNycsifonf/ odkUaomf rnfuJhokdUpum;p&rnfukd rod onfhtwGuf &ifxJwGif wif;wif;usyfusyfMuD;Nzpfaeavonf/ ]'dkUodygw,f aEG&,f? nDaxG; aNymygw,f? aEGuolUudkvlk,kwf rmvdkUaNymw,fqkd? acG;vdkUaNymw,fqkd? aemufNyD; olUyg;udkvnf; &dkufao;w,fqkd} ]&dkufw,fav? &dkufw,f? bmNzpfvJ? tckawG&if tckxyfNyD; awmhawmif &dkufcsifao;w,f} ]awmfprf; rdaEG} udkvwfonf aEGUudkaigufvdkufavonf/ tif;vsm;a&NyifwGif vdIif;MuufcGyfuav;rsm; aqmhupm;aeonf/ w&dyf&dyfvIyf&Sm;ae aoma&NyifwGif wdrfvdyfNzLNzLrsm;u t&dyfxifaeavonf/aEGonf udkvwfudk &IwnfwnfESIifhMunhf&if; Nrufyif&dkif;av;rsm;udk a'go ESihf eif;aNcypfaerdavonf/ ]eif pGyfpGJovdk r[kwfygbl;wJh? nDaxG;uaNymw,f/}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]odw,f odw,f? auoDqDu pm&w,f? ckrSodwm nDnDaxG; eJU rywfouf&ygbl;wJh} ]'geJUrsm; rdaEG&,f? nDAxG;udk eifupdwfqdk;aeao;vm; NyefNyD; awmif;yefzkdUawmif aumif;w,f} ][if; aoawmif rawmif;yefbl;} aEGu aqmihfMuD;atmifhMuD; aNymvdkufrdonf/nDnDaxG;onf udkvwfudk aNymNyonfqkdaomfvn;f taMumif;pHkawmh aNymNy[efr&Sd acs/ aEGqkd;onfhtaMumif;? vlyg;0onfhtaMumif;rsm;udkomtus,f csJUaNymoGm;NyD; olu tEdkifusihfoGm;onfhtaMumif;udkrl EIwfydwfxm; [ef&Sdonf/ udkvwfonf aEGudk tHhNoovdkMunhfum oufNyif;csvdkuf&Sm onf/ i,fuwnf;u &IwnfwnfEdkifum vlMuD;qefaom udkvwf onf ,ckxufwkdifatmif aEGUudk qHk;rcsifwkef;yif&Sdonf/ touf oHk;ESpfausmfcefUom uGmaomfvnf; av;ig;aNcmufESpfuGmolvdk vlMuD;vkyfavh&Sdonf/ aEGuvnf; udkvwfudk enf;enf;awmh t&dkt ao&Sdonf/ tm;udk;onf/ nDaxG;qkdvQifrl aEGuvHk;0r&Sdao/ nD axG;uvnf; av;pm;cHcsifvdkufonfrSm olUtNyifr&Sd/okdUaomf aEG ESihf bwNyef usm;wNyef &efNzpf&onfom tzwfwifonf/ tdrfwGif ti,fqHk;Nzpfí vlwumudk&dkaoaom aEGyif nDaxG;udk r&dkaoacs/ ]rkd;udk owd&vdkufwm}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

twefMuatmif NidrfaeNyD;aomtcgrS aEGu owd&wrf;wovdk aNymrdavonf/ ckaeom aEGUtem;wGif rdk;om&SdvQif ikdwpfcg &dIuf wpfvSnhfESihf zdk;nDaxG;tekdifusifhoGm;onfhtaMumif;udk wkdifNzpfrnf xifonf/ cspfolU&ifcGifwGif aysmfaenfh rkd;url aEGUudkowd&rnf r[kwfacs/ aEGonf wuúodkvaf &mufí taqmifpaepuyif rdb rsm;udk owdr&bJ rdk;udk owd&wrf;waompdwfESihf idkcJh&olNzpfonf/ ararESihf azazudk aEGcspfaomfvnf; aEGUb0wpfavQmufvHk; rdk;ESifh wpfyl;wGJwGJMuD;Nyif;cJh&olrdkU ta&;taMumif;qkdvQif rdk;udkom wrf;w rdwwfavonf/ ]owd&raeprf;ygeJU[m? olUa,muFsm;eJUol aysmfNyD; 'kdUudkarhae avmufygNyD} udkvwfu cyfqwfqwfaNymavonf/ rkd;wpfa,muffcspfol aemufodkU aumufaumufygatmif vdkufoGm;onfudk aEGrauseyfo vdk udkvwfvnf; auseyf[efr&Sdacs/ xkdaeU xkd&ufu wpftdrfvHk; a,muf,ufcwfaeMuaomfvn;f aEGonf ydawmufyifMuD;\yifpnf wGif rsufESm0SufNyD; wpfOD;wnf;usdwí f idkaerdonf/ twefMum aomtcgrS udkvwfESifh nDaxG;wkdUonf a,mifayayESihfa&mufvmMu avonf/ rsufeSmav;rkdUtpfaeatmif idkxm;aom aEGUudkMunhfum nDaxG;u ]tHrm tpfr vif,loGm;wmrsm; eifu idkp&mvm;[} [k &,fusJusJESihfaNymavonf/ ukdvwfurl awmufacguf&if;]rdkufvkduf wJhrkd;? ynmav;rsm;NyD;atmifoifygOD;} [ku&kPma'gaomaNymonf/ ]rdk;qD udkvwf pma&;ao;vm;}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]ra&;ao;ygbl;} ]bmNzpfvkdUvJ} ][m olUa,musFm;eJUolaysmfaewm? igwkdUu bmvdkUvGrf;ae&rSm vJ[} ]rkd;udk rauseyfbl;ayhg} ]igu rauseyfygbl;} ]bmNyKvdkU} ]aNomf aEG&,f 'Davmufi,fi,f&G,f&G,f ynmrpHkao;bJeJU vifaemufvdkufoGm;wm auseyf&rvm;? ighnDrav;omqkd&if ig vkdufNyD; wD;ypfw,f} aEGonf aeaNymufxkd;aeaom udkvwf\rsufeSmudk ai;Munhfae rdavonf/ udkvwf\ rsufvHk;rsm;onf &Da0aeonf/ a'goaiGUaiGU 0Jaeaom tay:,HatmufrS aMuuGJrIukd Nrifvdkufovdk&Sdonf/ wpf csdefwnf;rSmyif aEGonf &ifxJwGif[mNyD; rsuf&nfvnfvmNyefav onf/ xkdUaemuf 0rf;enf;oHav;ESihfaNymvkdufrdavonf/ ]udkvwfu rkd;udk odyfcifwmyJaemf}

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]udkvwfu rkd;udk odyfcifwmyJaemf} aEGu 0rf;enf;oHav;ESihf aNymvdkufrdavonf/ rkd;onf cJwH av;udkcRefae&if;rS rodromav; NyHk;aeonf/ tNyma&mifcJwHav; udkcRefNrvmonftxd pdwf&Snfvuf&SnfcRefaeaom rkd;\vufacsmif; oG,foG,fav;rsm;onf oGufvufpGm vIyf&Sm;aeavonf/ ]aEGUudkvnf; cifwmygyJ aEG&,f? rkd;eJUu &G,fwlqkdawmhaqmh&if upm;&if wGJzufnDawmh ydkNyD; cifovkdNzpfaewmyJayhg} rdk;u azsmihfzsovdkaNymavonf/ aEGonf bmrQNyefraNymbJ yHk qGJupm;ay:&Sdrkd;\ qGJvufptdrfyHkpHi,fav;udk ai;Munhfaerdonf/ wpfxyfcGJ tdrfuav;Nzpfonf/ aNrrnDaom ukef;apmif;wGifaqmuf rnfhtdrfNzpfonfhtwGuf rkd;onf tdrfyHkpHudk tedrfhtNrihu f pm;NyD;qGJ xm;onf/ {nhfcef;rS avSum;xpfqi;foGm;vQif xrif;pm;cef;odkU a&mufrnfNzpfNyD; avSum; av;ig;xpfwufoGm;Nyefaomtcg tdyf cef;rsm;qDodkUa&mufoGm;rnf Nzpfonf/ tedrhftNrihf twuftqif; uav;rsm;ESihfrkdU tdrfi,fav;onf aecsihfpzG,f pdwf0ifpm;p&m aumif;vSonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]arar tJ'Dtdrfav; om;wkdUzkdUvm;? om;wkdU aezdkUaqmufrSm vm;} ]trav; om;&,f? 'Dtdrfqkd wpfodef;avmuf ukefr,fuGJU? ar arwkdUrSm wpfodef;raNymeJU wpfaomif;awmif rpkEkdifao;bl;} rkd;u &,farm&if;aNymavonf/ aEGwkdU,ckaeaeaomysOfaxmif tdrfi,fav;onf rkd;\a,mu©rrsm;bufrS &&SdaomtarGNzpfonf/ aEGwkdU rdbrsm;taeESihf rkd;udk bmrQray;EkdifcJhacs/ azaz yifpif,lNyD; aomtcgwGifum; ykodrfNrdKUwGif NcHus,fMuD;wpfNcHESihf wkdufcHtdrfu av;wpfvHk; aqmufvkyfEkdifcJhonffrSty tpkd;&vcpm;Nzpfaom az azonf bmrSstydktvQH pkrdaqmif;rd r&SdcJhacs/ ]azazh aqmufckdif;ayhg} ]tJ'D azazurS bkdifMuD;} ]bkdifMuD;qkdwm bmvJ arar} ]bkdifMuD;qkdwm bkdifuswmudkaNymwm? ykdufqHr&SdwmudkaNymwm} ]'Dvkdqkd wdkatmifvJ bdkifMuD;aygh} ]bmNzpfvkdU} ]araray;wJh rkefUzdk;udk tNrJ rkefUtukef0,fpm;o,fav? wlUrSm ydkufcsHrS r&SdbJ? wrD;u wrD;rkefUzdk;udk pkxm;o,f? wkdatmifu bkdif MuD;}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

rdi,fav;onf rkd;\cg;udk aemufbufrS 0ifNyD;zufumaNym onf/ rkd; i,fpOfuvnf; zkd;atmiftwkdif; tpm;rufvSonfudk owd&rdonf/ aEGonf rausreyfESifh rdi,fudkrsufvHk;NyL;Munhfae aom zdk;atmif\ qHyifudk vSrf;zG&if; [uf[ufyufyuf&,fvdkufrd avonf/ ‘a':av;ua&m} ]at; a':av;uvnf; bmrQ rxl;ygbl;? bkdifMuD;ygyJ} aEG &aomvconf oHk;&mausmfrdkU ren;fvSaomfvnf; aEGUcrsm pkrdaqmifrd r&Sdacs/ ararESihfazazxHodkUvn;f ydkUcsifao;onf/ ausmif;wGif qif;&JEGrf;yg;aom ausmif;om;av;rsm; &SdNyefonfht wGufvn;f olwkdUtwGuf pmtkyfzdk;? ausmif;vcu vwdkif;yJhygoGm; wwfonf/ rdk;u ykHqGJcJwHcRefaecsdeftxd aEGuvnf; eDNymcJwHudk cRefae& avonf/ tdrfyHkpH topftqef;xkwf&if;? pOf;pm;&if; rkd;u rsuf arSmifcsDAeaomtcgrsm;wGif aEGuvnf; olUausmif;om;av;rsm;\ taNzvTmrsm;?b0ykpämrsm;udk pdppf? aNz&Sif;&if; pdwf&IyfaxG;ae&wwf onf/wDpuGJ,m;? qufpuGJ,m;rs; tv,fwGif rdk;onf wDxGifqef; opf&ef pdwful;aecsdefwGif aEGonf ausmif;om; ausmif;olav;rsm; 0dkif;0dkif;vnfNyD; O,smOfrI;b0wGif aysmfae&avonf/ ]rdk;wkdU av;,mufu wpfa,mufwpfvrf;pDoGm;MuwmyJaemf}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]b,fvrf; oGm;vdkUvJ} ]rdk;u ydokumynmav? aEGuawmh q&mr? a[m nDaxG;u awmh ppfAdkvf? udkvwfusawmh pdkufysdK;a&;orm;? wpfa,mufwpfrsdK; pD} ]tJ'gaumif;ygw,f? uGJoGm;awmh at;a&m? awmfMum wpfvrf; xJpkNyD; 0goemygrd&if 'DwpfNyHKMuD;ckxd &efNzpfvdkUqHk;rSm r[kwfbl;} aEGonf olUpm;yGJay:&Sd pmtkyfyHkxJrS pmtkyfwpftkyfukd qGJ,l&if; aNymonf/ tdrfpm ocsFmrsm;yifNzpfonf/ zsufp&m tdrfpmrsm;udk aEG onf aeUpOfyif tdrfokdU,lvm&avh&Sdonf/ q&mr tvkyf[lonfrSm wpfaeukef tmaygufatmif oif&aomfvn;f nwdkif; tm;&onfr [kwfacs/ tdrfpmrsm;? taNzvTmrsm;udk tdrfodkU,lvmNyD; nOfheufoef; acgiftxd ppfaq;&ao;onf/ ]&efNzpfwmomaNymae tJ'Dvdk &efNzpf&vdkUudk ydkNyD; cifwmodvm; aEG&JU?ckae &efNzpfwJhtaMumif;awG NyefawG;rd&if odyfaysmfp&maumif; wmyJ} ]'guawmh rdk;uedkifwmudk;? &efNzpfwkdif; rkd; b,fwkef;u cH&vdkU vJ? b,foleJUNzpfNzpf rdk;u wD;wmcsnf;bJ? udkvwfeJUqkd&ifvnf; rdk; aqmfypfwmyJ? nDaxG;qkd&ifvnf; rdk;u t&iftkyfwmyJ?rdk;uekdifbuf ucsnf;yJ}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

aEGu rausrcsrf;ESifh rsufapmif;av;xkd;NyD; aNymrdonf/ rdk; onf yHkqGJcHwHav;udk ypfcsvdkufNyD; [uf[ufyufyuf &,faeav onf/ ]rSwfrdao;vm;? 'dkUawG wpfcg ppfwkdufwrf; upm;&if; wu,f &efNzpfukefwmav} rSwfrdygao;onf/ bkef;MuD;ausmif;0if;xJ&Sd ]aAmifaAmifoD;} rsm;udk oGm;cl;NyD; tkyfpkESpfzufcGJum ppfwkdufwrf; upm;cJhonfudk aEG rSwfrdygao;onf/ xkdpOfu tMuD;ti,f rQap&ef udkvwfESihf aEGu wpfzufaeum rkd;ESihf nDAxG;u wpfzufaeMuonf/ ]aAmif aAmifoD;} udk usnfqHNyKum NrufawmxJwGif 0yf?NcHKykwfawG wdk;um wpfOD;udk wpfOD; ywfcwfMuonf/ pí npfonfu aEGNzpfonf/ NrufawmfxJwGif 0yfNyD; ypfaepOf usnfqHukefoGm;onf/ &efolawmf nDaxG;u nmoHay;&if; taNy;wufvmaomtcg aEGonf aMumuf tm; vefUtm;ESihf eD;&mcJaumufNyD; xkrdonf/ cJvHk;u nDaxG;\ ezl;udk ]wdef}ceJ rSefaomtcg nDaxG;onf ckefqGckefqGESihf ]cJESihfypf w,frkd;a&? olwkdU cJeJUypfw,f/npfw,f} [katmfavonf/ xdktcg pGmvefMuJ rkd;uvnf; ynm&SdyDOpGm ]olwkdU cJeJUypf&if 'kdUuvnf; ypf r,f}[k w&m;rQwpGmqHk;Nzwf&if; cJaumufavonf/ xkdUaemufatmf Mu[pfMuESihf ta0;wkdufyGJrSaeNyD; &kef;&if;qefcwfNzpfum teD;uyf wkdufyGJ qifETJMuavawmhonf/ rkd; ukef;udkufxm;onhftwGuf udk vwf\ vufarmif;&if;wGif oGm;&mtuGif;vdkufMuD;xifum aoG;pkdU oGm;onf/ nDaxG; xkxm;onfhtwGufvnf; aEGUacgif;wGif ozef;


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

oD;MuD;oD;vmonf/ aEGwdkUbufu t&IH;rsm;pGmESihf tqHk;owfcJh&av onf/ ]tJ'Dwkef;u aEGwdkUbufu p npfwm} ]'gayr,hf rdk;wkdUbufupNyD; &efNzpfwm? trSefqkd ti,fyJ qdk NyD; cGihfvTwfvdkufygvm;} ]tHr,f aEGUbufu udkvwfMuD; ygom;yJ} ]tvum; rkd;udkawmif rEdkifbl;? tD;aygavmMuD;} ]olu nDaxG;vdkr[kwfbl; aEG&JU?nSmw,f? rdrdk;aemf igwD;xnfh vdkuf& uJ[m rSwfyvm; bmvm;eJU atmfaeNyD olcsnf;cH&wm?vuf aES;w,f aEG&} ]vufaeS;wm r[kwfygbl; nSmwmyg? rdef;uavqkdNyD; nSmwm yg? nDaxG;qkdwJhowÅ0guom aEGUqkd&if olu OD;atmifwD;wmcsnf; yJ? b,fawmhrQ rnSmbl;/} ]at;[kwfw,f? oluawmh cyfqkd;qdk;? wlrSrwlbJ aEG&,f? a': a':cifwkdUu nDaxG;qkd&iftm;MuD; tvdkvkdufwm?olUtdrfrSmqkd olu Adkvfr[kwfvm;? udkvwfuawmh i,fuwn;fu vlMuD;qefw,f? aemufNyD; olUrdbawGuvnf; v,fvkyfMuwmqkdawmh rqif;&Jay r,hf b,fodyfacsmifvnfyhgrvJ? olUcrsm ynmvdkcsifvdkU olrsm;tdrf rSm vmae&&Smwmqkdawmh acwfpum;eJUaNym&&if aNrMuD;eJUeD;w,f ayhg}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

udkudkvwf\ rdbrsm;onf rlvwef;ausmif;yif r&Sdaom iyk awmtydkif awm&Gmuav;rS awmifol,mvkyfrsm; Nzpfonf/ udkvwf \ OD;av;onfum; nDaxG;wdkUNcHESihf ausmNcif;uyfwGifaeaom OD; av;pdefNzpfonf/ &moDpm;rsm;Nzpfaom bl; ?z&Hk? ocGm; ?a*:zD ? rkefU nSif;rsm;udk tcif;NyKí pdkufysdK;wwfonf/ om;orD;r&SdoNzihf udk vwfukd om;t&if;vdk cspfcifaomfvnf; OD;av;pde\ f rdef;ra':av; EGJUonfum; tydkauR;xm;&aom udkvwfukd wpfcgwpf&H NiLplwwf onf/xkdUaMumihf udkvwfonf ausmif;tm;csdefwGif a&cyf?aygif;oif? trdIufodrf;paom tvkyfrsm;udk w&pyfvkyf&wwfavonf/ xdkokdU vkyfae&onfhMum;rS pmudkvnf; MudK;pm;Edkifao;onf/ udkvwfonf rkd;ESihf ausmif;rwlaomfvnf; twef;wlwlyifNzpfNyD; olUausmif;wGif ol xm0pOf yxrpGJwwfavonf/ rdk;url olESihf ausmif;rwlíom udkvwf yxr&Ncif;NzpfaMumif;? rdk;ESihfom wpfwef;wnf; ae&rnf qdkygu udkvwfMuD; NyKwfoGm;rnfNzpfaMumif; rcHcsifatmif aNym wwfaomfvnf; olUpum;ukd rnfolrQ r,HkMunfacs/ zdk;nDaxG;wpf a,mufonf tdrfu tvdkvdkufxm;aom ay:aMumhav; Nzpfaeaomf vnf; udkvwfwkdUNcHwGifum; vkyfom;aumif; wpfOD;Nzpfonf/ udk vwfudkuí l trdIufvSnf;ay;wwfonf/ aygif;oifay;wwfonf/ opfyifa&avmif; ay;wwfonf/ ]ckaeaom nDaxG;udk awGU&if aEGac:rSmvm;} rkd;u ar;aomtcg aEGUpdwfonf vuf&Sdumvudk NzKEf;ceJNyef vnfa&muf&Sdvmavonf/ rkd;onf yg;pyfuom ar;aomfvnf; aEGU


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

udk vSnhfrMunhftm;acs/ tdrfuav;\ rsufeSmpmwGif ausmuf&dkif; wHk;av;rsm; pD&efpOf;pm;NyD; cJwHESihf zGzGav;qGJaeaomaMumihf Nzpf onf/ ]ac:rSmayhg} ]pdwfqkd; aNyoGm;NyDayhgav} ]atmf rkd;&,f aNcmufESpfqkdwJhtcsdef[m rmewdkU tmCmwwdkUudk vGihfoGm;apwJh aq;q&mMuD;yg? nDaxG;udk aEG i,fi,fuodyfcifcJh wm? tckMuD;awmh bmvdkU rcifedkif&rSmvJ} rkd;onf qGJvufp yHkv;udk &yfvkdufNyD; aEGUudktuJcwfovkd vSrf;Munhfavonf/ rD;a&mifxJwGif aEGUrsufESmonf aysmhaysmif;el; nHaeonf/ rsufvHk;av;rsm;onfvn;f el;nHh&Tef;pdkaeonf/ twef MumaomtcgrS rkd;u &,foHav;ESihf ar;rdavonf/ ]awmfMum nDaxG;u eifhudk ig,lr,fvdkU aNym&ifa&m aEG bm aNymrvJ} ]aNomfrdk;&,f aNcmufESpfMuD;awmifMumrS zdk;nDaxG; &nf;pm; awG q,fa,mufavmuf vJNyD;a&mayhg? olUudk yg;&dkufwm raus eyfwmeJUyJ aEGUudk oufouftEkdif,l aNymoGm;wmyg/ tif;av ckae vmaNym&if aEGpdwfrqkd;awmhygbl;/ &,fp&myg aEG&,frSmayhg? aEG olUrsufeSmudk ukwfqGJwkef;uvnf; igMuD;vmrS eifhudk,lNyD; emem


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

&dkufr,fvdkU aNymzl;wmyga&m? olu bm&,fr[kwfygbl;? pum;aNym wm tm;MuD; txufpD;u aNymwwfw,f} ]at;[,f? MuD;vmawmh pdwfawG[m npfEGrf;ukefw,faemf? i,fwkef;u pdwfuav;awGrsm; odyfNzLpifwm? Odyfaysmfp&maumif; wm} rkd;u i,fb0udk wrf;wrf;wwaNymavonf/ uav;b0\ wefzdk;udk vlMuD;b0a&mufaomtcgrS em;vnfMuawmhonf/wefzdk; udk odaomtcgwGif i,fb0 i,fpdwf[lonhf &wemav;awGudk aEG wkdU vufvTwfqHk;&IH;&onfh vlMuD;ydkif;odkU csOf;eif; 0ifa&mufvmae NyDNzpfonf/ aEGonf pum;udkNzwfvdkufNyD; ppfaq;vufp ocsFmpmtkyfrsm; udk cyfoGufoGuf trSwfay;aeonf/ rkd;uvnf; olUtm&Hkukd yHkqGJpm &Gufay:okdU NyefNyD;pdkufcsvdkufonf/ nDtpfrESpfOD;onf udk,fhtvkyf ESihfudk,f twefMumatmmifNidrfoufNyD; tm&Hkpl;pdkufaerdMuavonf/ Murf;ay:wGif tvsm;arSmufí yHkqGJaeaom rdi,fonf yHkqGJpm tkyfav;ay:wGifyif rsufESmav; arSmufNyD; tdyfaysmfaeonf/ rkd;wkdU nDtpfr pum;aumif;aepOf b,ftcsdefu tdyfaysmfoGm;onf rod& acs/ zdk;atmifonf aEGxdkifaeaom ukvm;xkdifukd ausmrDxkdif&if; idkufaeonf/ ]Munhfprf; cav;awGawmif tdyfaysmfukefNyD}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

aEGonf rdi,fukd ayGUcsDvdkufonf/ olwkdUav;ESpfOD;udk tdyf&m xJxnhfí Ncifaxmifcsay;aepOfwGif wkdifuyfem&DMuD;u ]'if} ceJ NrnfoGm;avonf/ udk;em&DcGJNyDNzpfonf/ ]aEGa& rdk;wkdU i,fi,fwkef;u udk;em&DcGJqkd&if tNrJtdyf&m0if& wmrSwfrdvm;? bmvkyfcsifaeae? udk;em&DcGJqkd&if ararwkdUu twif; tdyfckdif;wmyJ? aemufawmh rdk; tNrJrSwfrdaew,f/ wdkifuyfem&Du udk;em&D 'ifceJ cGJ&if rkd;rsufvHk;awG av;NyD; tdyfaysmfcgeD; tcsdefyJ} ]aEGuawmh reufukd;em&DcGJ&if ausmif;wuf acgi;favmif;u wa'gifa'gifNrnfwmudk rSwfrdw,f? pmusufoGm;wJhaeUqkd&if rod ombl;? pmr&wJhaeUrsm; udk;em&DcGJ acgif;avmif;NrnfoHMuD;Mum;&&if odyfaMumufwm} va&mifvJhvJhav;onf tcef;wGif;odkU Nzmusvmonf/ tylt yif uif;rJhpGm tdyfaysmfaeaom uav;ESpfOD;\ rsufeSmudk va&mifu at;NrNrav; NzefUay;xm;onf/ aEGonf tdyf&may:odkU vSJtdyfvdkuf&if; olwkdUb0wpfavQmuf vHk;wGif ]udk;em&DcGJ} tcsdefav;udk trSwfxifxif &SdMuonfhtaMumif; udk pOf;pm;aerdonf/ eHeHukd;em&DcGJaygif; aNrmufrsm;pGmudk rkd;wkdU aEG wdkU wpfawG Nzwfoef;cJhMu&avonf/ aemifvnf; Nzwfoef;Mu&OD; rnfNzpfonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]tckusawmhvn;f udk;em&DcGJtrD &Hk;a&mufzdkU wufokwf&dkuf& Nyefa&m? udk;em&DcGJwmmeJU &Hk;a&mufNyD: tvkyfwm0efMuD;u ykcHk;ay: yd usvmovdkyJ} rkd;onf olUtdyf&mxJrS vSrf;aNymonf/ at;Nraom avNynfu tcef;wGif;okdU taomhav;aNy;0ifvmonfhtwGuf ZmNcifaxmiftrdk; av;onf wNidrfhNidrhf vl;vGefUoGm;onf/ avNynfxJwGif {u&mZfyef; eJU arT;arT;av;udkyg &I&dIufvdkuf&ovdk &Sdonf/ tdyf&mxJa&mufNyD; taMumtNcifrsm; aNzavQmhxm;aomtcg aEGUrsufawmifrsm; pif;arS;vmonf/ rtdyfrD oufaph&Gwfaeus oHAk a'¨*gxmudkyif ren;fNyD;atmif tm;cJ&Gwfae&onf/ xkdUaemuf Ncif axmifudk qGJcs&if; rkd;udk tdyfcsifrl;wl;vSrf;NyD; pvdkufrdao;onf/ ]rdk;a& tudkUudk vGrf;aeNyDvm;} rkd; bmNyefaNymovJyif aEGaumif;pGm rodawmhacs/ aemufwpf aeU tvkyfwm0efrsm;udk pOf;pm;csif; tdyfcsifpdwfu MuD;pdk;vmonf/ ]ausmif;udkapmapmxoGm;&r,f? rdbq&mtoif; tpnf;ta0; vnf;&Sdao;w,f? aemufNyD;axG;armif ausmif;ysufaewm MumNyD/ olU tdrfoGm;ar;&OD;r,f?aerSaumif;&JUvm;rod? tkd reufNzeftwGuf ocsFmykpmäawGawmif rxkwfxm;&ao;bl;? reufusrS vkyfygawmh r,fav aemufNyD; aemufNyD;}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

avNynfat;u nif;nif;nHhnHh wkdufcwfaeonf/ ZmNcifaxmif NzLNzLav;onf av0,f vGefUvl;aeonf/

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

avNynfat;u nif;nif;nHhnHh wkdufcwfaeonf/ ZmNcifaxmif NzLNzLav;onf av0,f vGefUvl;aeonf/ aEGonf rsufvHk;udk zswfceJzGihfMunhfvkdufaomfvnf; tdyf&mrS rxrdao;acs/ ESif;rIefav;rsm;ESifhtwl tcef;wGif;odkU wkd;a0SU0if a&mufvmaom tvif;a&mifEkekudk ai;Munhfaerdonf/ wpfzufck wifrS rdk;wkdUom;trdwpfpkurl tdyfaysmfaeMuqJyif Nzpfonf/ ndk;ndk; nHaeaom iSufuav;rsm;onf ESif;rIefrsm;udk xdk;azmufum ]xMu avmh} [k EdI;aqmfaeMu[ef &Sdonf/ eHeufrkd;aomufí tvif;odkUa&mufNyefacsNyD/ tarSmifxkvTrf;NcHK um Nidrfoufaeaom vlUNynfvlU&Gmonf rMumrDyif xMuGvIyf&Sm; MuawmhrnfNzpfonf/ aEGonf vufrsm;udkqefUwef;um tanmif; qefUvdkuf&if; tdyf&mrS vl;vJxvdkufonf/ wpfaeUwmtwGuf wm0ef 0wÅ&m;rsm;onf aEGUudkqD;MudKaeNyD Nzpfavonf/ ]a[; rdk; rxao;bl;vm;? x x? apmapmtdyfx? NyKusifhu wGif; udk,fcE¨m? a&m*gcyfodrf;? a&SmifcGmwdrf;?uif;Nidrf;vGefcsrf;om wJh? a[; xavuGm}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

aEGonf npfus,faompdwfuav;ESihf rdk;\ NcifaxmifudkqGJ wifvdkufonf/rdk;onf NzKef;ceJrsufvHk;zGihfMunhfNyD;rS aqmifudk acgif;txdqGJNcHKum aytdyfaeonf/aEGu &,farm&if; csnfapmifyg; av;udk qGJvSefaomfvn;f rdk;onf twGif;rS vufESpfzufESihf ukyfqGJ xm;avonf/ ]aEG raumif;bl;/ rdk;u tdyfrufxJrSm tudkeJUawGUaewm Nyef avsmfay;? rkd; tdyfrufav; Nyefavsmfay;? rdk;u pdwfaumufaewm tudku acsmhrvdkUvmum &Sdao;? acsmhawmif racsmh&ao;bl;? aumif;cef;uav; NywfoGm;NyD} ]aovdkufygvm;? aovdkufygvm;} rkd;u aNymaomtcg aEGuvnf; tai:wl;wl;av; NyefaNymrd avonf/ aEGonf olUcJtdkudk odyfNyD; Munhfolr[kwfacs/ olUtpfr udk i,fi,f&G,f&G,f olwkdUrdom;pkxJrS qGJvkoGm;onf[klaom pdwf rSwfuav;ESihf cyfwef;wef;yif qufqHavh&Sdonf/tvdkrusNzpfoGm; [ef&Sdaom aEG\rsufESmav;udk Munhf&if; rdk;onf tdyf&mxJrS rx ao;yJ usdwfNyD; &,faeavonf/ ]rdi,fav;a& xuG,f? zdk;atmif xawmh? rkd;vif;aeNyD} aEGonf rkd;udk vspfvsL&Ium uav;rsm;bufodkUvSnhfoGm; onf/ NcHKxm;aom apmifrsm;udk qGJvSyfNyD; rsufESmudk avESihfrIwfu pm;um wkd;wkd;av;EdI;aeavonf/ rdi,fonf olUa':av;\ vnf


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

yif;ukd [D;av;ckdpD;um ygoGm;onf/ zdk;atmifurl tdyf&mxJwGifay awNyD; zifaxmifum tdyfae&pfavonf/ rkd;onf olUvdkyif ttdyfrufvSaom om;i,fudkvSrf;NyD; zuf vdkuf&if; wpfNrdkUwpf&GmwGif&Sdaom tpfukdUudk owd&aeonf/ rsuf vHk;udkpif;arS;um tpfukdUtaMumif; pOf;pm;aeonf/ tpfudkom&Sd vQif rkd;onf eHeufapmapmx&ef rysif;wwfay/ tpfudktdyf&mrSedk; vQif aumfzDcg;cg;udktoifhaomuf&ef tdyf&mab;txd ,lvmwwf olNzpfonf/ ,ckawmh tpfudkUcrsm aumfzDudkyiftqifoihf aomuf& &Smrnf r[kwfacs/ 'Dwpfcg vkyfoufcGihf,lí tpfudkUqDokdUvdkufoGm; OD;rnf/ uav;rsm;udkum; rdaEGESihfxm;cJhrnf[k pdwful;zJ&dkufaerd avonf/zdk;atmifonf rdk;\&ifcGifwGif;odkU 0ifvm&if; owd&ovdk aNymonf/ ]arar om;wkdU zGm;zGm;qDukd oGm;vnfr,fqkd? b,fawmhoGm; rSmvJ} ]tif; [kwfom;yJ} yifpif,lNyD; ykodrfNrdKUwGif taNcpdkufaeaom rdbrsm;qDodkUNyef Mu&ef aEGurMumcP aNymonfukd owd&aomtcg rdk;pdwfxJwGif &IyfaxG;oGm;onf/ cGihfuav; eSpfywfavmufwGif a,muFsm;&Sd&mokdU vnf; oGm;csifonf/ rdbrsm;qDodkUvnf; oGm;oihfonf/ aEGwkUd wl0&D;ESpfOD;onf tdrfukd&Sif;vi;faeMuonf/ rkd;wdkUom; trdepfOD;url ayNyD; tdyfaeMuavonf/ rD;zdkacsmifqDrS aEGUtoHudk


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

Mum;&onf/ aEGonf xrif;csuf&if;? aumfzDazsmf&if; oDcsif;ukdwkd; wkd;av; nnf;aewwfavonf/ aEGUtoHonf wkd;wkd;oJhoJhav;ESifh a0h0JaewwfonhftwGuf aEGUudk rNrif&aomfvnf; toHMum;&HkESihf rSef;qEkdifonf/ ]tdrf&SifwkdU r&SdMubl;vm;cifAsm} {nhfcef;bufqDrS toHMum;&onf/ rdk;onf tdyfae&mrS vl;vJ xvdkufrdavonf/ eHeufapmapmpD;pD; b,fu{nhfonfrsm; vmav oenf;[k plk;prf;vdkpdwfESihf cef;qD;Mum;rS tomuav; uJMunhf vdkufonf/ rkd;wkdU tdrfwHcg;0wGif &yfaeaom vl&G,fonf Nidrfoufaeaom {nhfcef;udk rsufvHk;a0hNyD; vSnhfywftuJcwfaeonf/ausmufywfwD; udkifxm;aom nmbufvufudk ycHk;wGift0wfESihfodkif;xm;avonf/ wHcg;abmifudk b,fbufvufESihfukdifxm;&if; udk,fukd udkif;nGwf um aemufaz;bufokdUvSrf;Munhfonf/ aea&mifNcnfudk ausmay;NyD; &yfxm;oNzihf vl&G,\ f rsufESmudk oJoJuGJuGJ rawGU&acs/ tom;ndk NyD; t&yfNrihfonfvkdUom rkd; rSef;qedkifonf/ ]rxMuao;bl;vm;} vl&G,fu xyfaNymonf/ olUtoHudk w&if;wESD; Mum;zl;ovdk&Sd oNzihf cef;qD;Mum;rS acgif;NyLMunhf&if; cyfaomaomav; NyefaNym vkdufonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]xMuygNyD} vl&G,\ f OD;acgif;onf csmceJvSnhfoGm;NyD; rdk;udk wnhfwnfh rwfrwfpl;pkduf Munhfaeavonf/ olUrsufvHk;rsm;onf &TifNrL;pGm ta&mifawmufyvmNyD; {nhfcef;wGif;odkU cyfoGufoGuf 0ifa&mufvm onf/ ]a[; rdk;? rkd; r[kwfvm;[if} ][,f nDaxG;} rdk;onf 0rf;omtm;& atmf[pfvkdufNyD; {nfhcef;odkUckefaygufNyD; aNy;xGufvmrdavonf/ Nrihfrm;MuHUckdifaeaom nDnDaxG;udkarmf Munhf&if; olUvufarmif;rsm;udk qGJcgaerdonf/ ]nDaxG; nDaxG; eif aeEdkifvdkufwm[,f? eifxGm;vmvdkufwm [,f/ b,fwkef;u Nyefa&mufovJ? tkdk eifppfAdkvfMuD;NzpfoGm;NyDudk;? tom;awGvnf; rnf;vdkU? eif i,fi,fu NzLygw,f? [m; eifhvuf ua&m bmNzpfwmvJ? aoewfrSefwmvm;? tck eifa&SUwef;rSmqdk? wkdufyGJawGtrsm;MuD; wkdufzl;NyDayhg? tdk nDaxG;&,f} rkd;onf nDaxG;udk 0kdif;MuD;ywfvnfvSnhfum Munhf&if; 0rf;om 0rf;enf;ESihf AvHk;AaxG;aNymaeavonf/ aNymcsifaompum;u rsm; aeí pum;awG awmifa&mufaNrmufa&mufESihf uaygufwd uayguf csmNzpfaeaom rdk;udk nDaxG;onf i,fpOfuyHkpHtwkdif; aNymifpyfpyf MunhfNyD; [uf[ufyufyuf &,farmaeavonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]aEGa& a[; aEG vmcJh vmcJhprf;yg? {nhfcef;rSm {nhfonftxl; tqef;wpfa&mufaew,f? vmprf; NrefNrefvmprf;yg} pum;aNymoH &,farmoHrsm;aMumihf xGufvmaom aEGonf xrif;pm;cef;0wGif &yf&if;acwÅrQ ai;aMunhfaerdavonf/ ndnD axG; udk rarQmfvihfbJ awGUvdkuf&í tHhtm;oifhNyD;Za0Z0gMunhfaerd onf/ tom;ndkoGm;aom? MuHUckdifvmaom? &ihfusufvmaomnDaxG; udk rSwfrdaomfvn;f &kwfw&kwf EIwfrqufedkifbJ trf;aeonf/ ]a[h aEG? aEGacgifacgif} ]nDaxG; nDaxG; [kwfw,faemf} aEGonf xkdtcgrS cyfoGufoGufuav; vSrf;0ifvmonf/rsuf vHk;av;rsm; ta&mifawmufvmNyD; yg;csdKihfav;ay:atmif 0rf;om tm;&NyHk;&k,frdonf/ ][kwfyhgcifAsm? a&ra&mwJh uRefawmfnDnDaxG; ppfppfyg} nDnDaxG;onf ukvm;xkdifay:odkU tm;&yg;&xdkifcskvdkuf&if; aNymifacsmfacsmf aNymonf/ olUrsufvHk;ndkrsm;onf i,fpOfuyHktwkdif; t&nf&Tef;um NyHk;&,faeMu[ef&Sdonf/ aNcmufESpf[laom tcsdefum vonf nDnDaxG;\ tom;rsm; rn;foGm;atmif? t&yf ydkNrihfvm atmif? nmbufvufukd usdK;oGm;atmifpGrf;aqmifedkifaomfvnf; nD axG;\ NyHk;&TifaomrsufvHk;rsm;udkum; aNymif;vJoGm;atmif pGrf; aqmifedkifcJh[ef r&Sdacs/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]nDaxG; aNymprf;? eifb,fuae rsufpdvnfNyD;a&mufvmwm vJ} ‘'Dudk wrifvmwmayhg rdk;&JU} ‘eif tckrS bmtdyfruf rufvmwmvJ? t&ifwkef;uNzihf pmr a&;?bmra&; aeekdifvdkufwm? rkd;rSmNzifh nDaxG;owif;udk a':a':cif wkdUeJU awGUwkdif; ar;vdkuf&wm armvdkU} ]tkd 'kdUuvnf; pmomra&;wm rkd;wkdUowif;awmh pHkprf;ygw,f? rdk;uav;awG arG;wma&m? bGJU&wma&m? rdaEG q&mrvkyfaewma&m tukefod} ]'Dvdkqkd bmvdkU pmra&;vJ nDaxG;&,f} ]rdaEGudk tNrifuwfvdkUayhgAs} nDnDaxG;onf aEGUudkcyfwnfwnfvSr;fMunhfNyD; wHk;wdwdaNym avonf/ wpfqufwnf;yif olUyg;udk b,fbufvufESihf rodrom pr;fMunhfaeavonf/ aEGU&ifxJwGif odrfhceJvIyf&Sm;oGm;NyD; nDaxG; udk bkuefuefrsufESmxm;ESifh NyefNyD;Munhfrdonf/ olwkdUESpfOD;\rsuf ESmxm;udk awGUaomtcgrdk;onfrsufESmyif ropfEkdifao;bJ [uf [ufyufyuf &,faerdavonf/ xkdUaemuf aEGuvnf; NyHk;a,mif oef;vmonf/ olUyg;olprf;aeaom nDaxG;\ trlt,maMumihf &,farmrdawmhonf/ twefMumaomtcg nDaxG;vnf;raeekdifawmh bJ w[m;[m; &,favonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]rdaEG eifwkdU NyefNyD; uefawmhzdkU aumif;w,f} ]tkd bmvdkU uefawmh&rSmvJ} ]igwdkU Ak'¨ NrwfpGmbk&m;u a[mxm;wmyJ? ukd,fhxuf touf wpf&uf? wpfem&D MuD;wJhvlutp &dkao&w,fwJh? igu eihfxuf ig;vMuD;w,fav rapmfum;&bl;} ]tkd yg;&dkufwmyJ? Apmfum;wmrS r[kwfwm} ]acG; rdaEG? ydefwm&dk;} ]awmfMuygawmh[,f? eifwkdUawGuvnf; 'Davmuf tMumMuD; uGJaewmawmif awGU&if&efNzpfzdkUavmufyJ pdwful;aeMuao;wmyJ} rdk;u zsefaNzpum;qkdavonf/ i,foli,fcsif;eSihf awGU&oNzihf rkd;\rsufeSmav;onf &TifysdKekysdKaeonf/ el;nHhaeonf/ eHeufcif;aea&mifNcnfonf {nhfcef;wGif;odkU Nzma0usa&muf vmonf/ ESif;xkudkxdk;azmufNyD; xGufay:vmaom aea&mifonf aEG;axG;vSonf/ tay:,Hudk,fcE¨monf aeNcnfaxG;axG;aMumifh aEG;aeonf/ twGif;u pdwfoEÅmefonfvnf; NzLpifaomarwÅm vTrf;NyD; aEG;axG;aeonf/ wodrfhodrfhvIyf&Sm;aeonf/ &efvdkaom tMunfhudk Munhfaomfvnf;? &efpum;rsm; qkdaomfvnf; olwkdU&if xJwGif aEG;NyD; aysmfaeavonf/ ]uJ aNymygOD;? &efukef NyefaNymif;vmwmvm;}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]r[kwf&ygbl;Asm? aq;cGihfeJUa&mufvm&wmyg? aEGwdkUrdk;wkdU ydkU owJh arwÅmawmfpl;a&mufvkdU uRefawmhfcrsm vufuav;usdK;wmu vGJvdkU aowGif;u oDoDav; xGufcJh&ygw,f cifAsm} ]NzpfrS Nzpf&av[,f} NyHk;&Tifaeaom nDaxG;\rsufeSmonf &kwfw&ufwnfMunfoGm; avonf/ EIwfcrf;ukd wif;wif;aphum &ihfusufoGm;onf/ nmbuf vufarmif;tv,favmufrS vufaumuf0wftxd tkyfum udkifxm; aom yvyfpwmNzLNzLMuD;ukd vufacsmif;av;rsm;eSihf pyf;oyfaeav onf/ ]'Dvdkqkd tck aq;cGihfayhg} ]'gayhg rkd;&,f? ppfom;qkdwm ao&ifvnf; wpfoufvHk; cGihfayhg? raoNyefawmhvnf; aq;cGihfayhg} nDaxG;onf cyfoJhoJhNyHk;&if; av;eufpGmaNymonf/ xkdUaemuf {nhfcef;xJodkU a,mifvnfvnf0ifvmMuaom zdk;atmifESihf rdi,f av;wkdUudk ai;armMunhfaeavonf/ rdi,fonf olUudkpl;pl;pdkufpdkuf Munhfaeaom nDaxG;udk &Suf&GHU[efESihf rdk;\aemufem;wGif uyfae onf/ zdk;atmifurl nDnDaxG;\ okdif;xm;&aom vufukd pdwf0if pm;ae[ef&Sdonf/ ][m; rkd; i,fi,fuav;eJU aEG aygufpeav;udk NyefawGUae&o vdkyJ? wlvdkufwm vGefa&m}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

nDaxG;u wtHhwNo rSwfcsufcsavonf/ ayuwfuwfvkyfae aom rdi,fav;udk vSrf;NyD;qGJac:vdkufonf rsufeSmcsdKcsdKaysmhaysmh av;ESihfrdi,fonf nDaxG;\vufxJodkU aysmhaysmif;pGmygoGm;onf/ &ihfusufaom ppfAdkvfMuD;ESihf ig;ESpf&G,f uav;rav;onf wpfOD; udkwpfOD; rsufvHk;csif;qkdifNyD; MunhfaeMuavonf/ ]'kdUawG oklwkdU t&G,fav;wkef;u odyfaysmfwmyJaemf} rdk;onf aNymavonf/ nDaxG;onf rdi,f\ qHyifaysmhaysmh av;rsm;udk zGup[m;ae&if; zdk;atmifudk vSrf;ac:onf/ ]wpfcgwav wkdufuif;xGuf&if; cPem;&wJhtcsdefav;awGrSm 'kdUawG aqmhcJh upm;cJhwmav;awGukd NyefpOf;pm;rdNyD; odyfvGrf;wmyJ? awmxJrSm opfyifawG? opfcGawGeJU 'kdUawG i,fi,fwkef;uom 'Dvdk awmwpfawm&&if b,favmufawmif arsmuf&IH;vdkufrvJ pOf;pm;rd &if; &,fcsifw,f? tJ'Dwkef;ursm; NrifNriforQ[m aysmfp&m? &,fp &m? upm;p&mawGcsn;fyJaemf? b,fae&mrqkd? b,fypön;frqkd aqmh p&m aysmfp&mawGcsnf;yJ? tckawmh tJ'Dvdk raysmfwwfawmhbl;? i,f wkef;updwfuav;[m odyfNyD; oefU&Sif;pifMu,fwmyJaemf? vlqdkwm MuD;vm&if npfEGrf;vmwmyJ xifyg&JU?i,fb0&JUi,fpdwfuav;udk odyfNyD; eSaNrmwmyJ} awmufyaeaom aea&mifNcnfwGif nDnDaxG;\rsufvHk;rsm; onf t&nfvnfvmovdk &Sdonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

tcef;xJwGif &kwfw&uf wdwfqdwfoGm;avonf/ olwkdUoHk;OD; pvHk;\pdwfonf pdeyf ef;yifMuD;atmufodkUvnf;aumif;? xm;0,frdIif; &HkMuD;atmufodkUvnf;aumif;? olwkdUaNc&mcsif;xyfatmif aqmhcJh upm;cJh&m acsmif;ab;?aNrmif;ab;?a&awG;ab;rsm;qDodkUvnf; aumif; wuGJwNym;pD xGufaNy;oGm;Muavonf/ i,fb0 i,fpdwf wkef;url rdk;tHkUvQifvnf; aysmf? rkd;&GmavvQifvnf; NyHk;cJhonf/ aeyl vQifvn;f pdwfrnpf? zkefxlvQifvn;f pdwfr&Iyfacs/ a&awGUvQif a& ESihfaqmhum? aNrawGUvQif aNrMuD;wl;NyD; vdkPf*lvkyfwrf; upm;Mu onfom Nzpf\/ ]uJ a':rdk;a&? bmrQ rauGs;awmhbl;vm;} twefMumaomtcgrS nDAxG;u owd&ovdk aNymonf/ vGihfxGufaeaom pdwftm&HkwkdUudk NyefvnfNyD; pkpnf;vdkuf[ef&Sd onf/ ]a[; rif;wkdU araru OD;OD;udk bmrQvnf;rauR;bl;uG? uyfap;eJMuD;vm; [if} zdk;atmifudk qGJzufvdkuf&if; qufaNymonf/ rkd;onf &,farm vdkufNyD; xrif;pm;cef;xJodkU oGufoGufav; vSrf;0ifoGm;avonf/ rdk; aumfzDoGm;azsmfovm;[k aEG awG;aerdonf/ aMumiftdrfxJwGif raeUuwnf;u 0,fxm;aom aygifrkefU&Sdonf/ axmywf vufusef &Sdao;vQifrl nDaxG;onf aygifrkefUaxmywfokwf aumif;aumif;


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

av;pm;&rnfNzpfonf/ tu,fí axmywf r&SdawmhvQifrl aygifrkefU udk EdkUqDokwfNyD; auR;&awmhrnf Nzpfonf/ okdUaomf rdk;NyefxGufvmaomtcg vufxJwGif aumfzDyef;uef ygrvmacs/ uspfuspfygatmif qkyfxm;aom vufudkaEGwkdUem; a&mufaomtcgrS NzefUNyavonf/ rdk;vufxJwGif a&mifpHpuúLav;rsm;ESihf ywfxm;aom oMum; vHk; av;vHk;udkawGU&onf/ oMum;vHk;av;rsm;udk trSwfrJhpdkufMunhf &if; nDaxG;\ rsufvHk;rsm;onf el;nHh&Tef;pkdvmavonf/ xkdUaemuf OD;acgif;udkvSEfum tm;&yg;& &,farmavonf/ rkd;uvnf; &,foH av;aeSmum i,fpOfu aNymaeustwkdif; aNymonf/ ]a&mh nDaxG;u wpfvHk;,l? rdaEG wpfvHk;pm;? udkvwfzdkUwpfvHk; xm;? udkvwfMuD;uvnf; Mumvdkufwm vGefa&m? olrvm&if 'grSr [kwf olUqDroGm;Nzpf&if olzdkU oMum;vHk;udk igpm;rSmaemf}

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]a&mh nDaxG;u wpfvHk;,l? rdaEG wpfvHk;pm;? udkvwfzdkUwpfvHk; xm;? udkvwfMuD;uvnf; MumvdkufwmvGefa&m? olrvm&if 'grS r[kwf olUqDroGm;Nzpf&if olzdkU oMum;vHk;udk igpm;rSmaemf} rdk;onf oMum;vHk;av;vHK;udk a0pkcGJvdkufonf/ olUtwGuf& aom oMum;vHk;av;udk wpdrhfpdrfh pkyf,l&if; aEGonfav;em&Dyef; av;rsm;udk wpfyGihfcsif;cl;aeonf/ udkvwfwkdU NcHxJrS rsdK;aphav;rsm; udk ,lvmNyD; MuJxm;Ncif;Nzpfonf/ rskd;aphrnf;rnf;av;rsm;rS tyif av;rsm; aygufvmaomtcgab;ywf0ef;usif&Sd Nrufyifrsm;udk udkvwfu &Sif;ay;onf/ aygif;yif Nrufyifrsm;u aNrMoZmrsm;ukd pkyf,lypfaomaMumifh yef;yifav;rsm; wuftm;r&SdrSmudk pdk;&drfaom aMumifh Nzpfonf/ oHk;av;vtwGif; yef;yifav;rsm;onf pdrf;pdka0 zm;vmavonf/ xkdUaemuf naea&mufwkdif; yef;NzLav;rsm; azG;ae atmif yGihfvmwwfonf/ xkdyef;av;rsm;onf yef;rsm;xJwGif tawmfMuD; xl;qef;aom yef;Nzpfonf/ aEGodorQ yef;rsdK;pHkwkdUonf ntcsdefwGif ESif;&nfudk vdrf;usHaomufoHk;um eHeufrdk;aomuf


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

aet&kPfwGif pGifhpGihfum;um; yGihfzl;vmavh&SdMuonf/ av;em&Dyef; rsm;onfum; aerif;\ wpfaeUwm ylNyif;orQ tyl'Pfudk ausmpif; cHum naecif;tcsdeaf &mufaomtcgrS yGihftmvmwwfavonf/ t&Sdeft0gazsmhawmhpGmESihf taemufa*g,muRef;odkU 0ifa&mufoGm; awmhrnfh ae0ef;eDeDudk &eHUarT;ysHUysHUav; vufaqmifay;um eIwf qufwwfavonf/ udkudkvwfuyg aEGUudkulNyD; rsdK;pyfay;oNzihf ,cktcgwGif aEG MudKufaom yef;av;rsm;onf ta&mifpHk yGihfzl;aeNyDNzpfonf/ wpf&G,fwnf;aom wpfyHkwnf;aom yef;uav;rsm;onf tcsif;csif; a&m,SufNyD; arT;aeatmif yGihfMuonf tNzLvnf;ygonf/ teDESihf t0gomru vdar®mfa&mifrsdK;aphav;rsm;udyk g udkvwfu ,lvmNyD; pdkufay;onf/ xdkUaemufwGifum; rsdK;pyfay;&efyif rvdkacs/ tNzL? teD? t0gyef;yGihfav;rsm;onf tNrpftcsif;csif; a&m,SufukefNyD; NzL?eD? 0g tusm;av;rsm; yGifhvmMuonf/ aEGonf naeapmif;vQif oif;oif;ysHUysHUarT;aeaom yef;yGihfav;rsm;udk wpf&mh&SpfyGihfNynhfonf txd a&wGufNyD; cl;&onf/ araru vufzufyef;uefNym;av;xJ wGif apwDyHk 0ef;0dkufxkd;pdkufNyD; yef;apwDvkyfum bk&m;uyfavh&Sd aomaMumihf Nzpfonf/ ]rdaEG yef;awGu yGihfvdkufwmwtm;yJ? arT;vnf;arT;w,faemf} nDaxG;onf yef;uav;wpfyGihfudk vSrf;cl;vdku&f if; trSwfrJh &dIuferf;vdkufonf/ aEGonf yef;yGihfrsm;udk a&wGufNyD; cl;ae&olrkdU nDaxG;udk pum;rNyefEdkifacs/ rkd;uvnf; yef;yGifhusm;usm;av;rsm;


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

udk a&G;cl;NyD; tvkyf&Iyfaeonf/ bk&m;wif&efawmh r[kwfacs/ pkpnf;xm;aom qHyif&if;wGif uvpfESifhnSyfNyD; yefqif&efNzpfonf/ q,fhoHk;ESpfcefU&SdNyDNzpfaom rdk;udk araru qHyifnSyfray;awmh ay/ qHyift&Snfxm;ckdif;avonf/ qHyifeufeufav;rsm;u &Snfvsm;zm;a0vmaomtcg qHyifwkduyfuyfESihf xm0pOf vlrdkufyHk zr;favh&Sdaom rkd;onf twefi,f EGJUaysmif;oGm;[ef &Sdonf/ rkd;\ t&yn;f NrihfNyD;oG,fvmonf/ ]rdk;uvnf; yef;awmh ulrcl;bl;/ &dI;xkwfzdkUyJ pdwful;aewmyJ} yef;yefaeaom rkd;udk nDaxG;u rsufpdaemufovdk aNymav onf/ nDaxG;u yef;rsm;udk tNrefcl;NyD;apcsif aeaomaMumifhNzpf onf/ yef;cl;aomwm0efNyD;ygrS olwkdUwpfawG udkvwfMuD;NcHokdU oGm;cGihf&rnfhtwGufaMumihf Nzpfavonf/ ]ihg[mig &dI;xkwfwm bmNzpfvJ?eifeJU bmqdkifvJ} ]vSvJ rvSbJeJU} ]atmifr,f vSw,f[} ]b,fol vSwmvJ} ]igvSwm} ]b,folaNymvJ}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]igaNymw,f} ]a[ a[ [m; [m;} nDnDaxG;u avSmif&,f &,fvkdufavonf/ rdk;u rsufapmif; xdk; Munhfaomtcg acgif;uav;ykum csufcsif;&,f&Sdefowfvdkuf onf/ odkUaomf NyK;pdpdNzpfaeaom rsufESmudkrl rwnfedkifacs/ rdk;onf nDaxG;udk *&krpdkufawmhbJ t&JGUwkduf[efESihf yef;rsm;udk xyfNyD; yefaeonf/ aumif;uifwGif a&mifpHkwdrfrsm; uGefUvl;aeonf/ eD&Jaom a&mifNcnfonf wdrfwdkufrsm;udk xdk;azmufNyD; vlUNynfvlU&Gmudv k Srf; NyD; zufxm;[ef&Sdonf/ rdk;\rsufESmudkvnf; aeNcnfNzef;NyD; eDaNy aNyta&mifoef;aeonf/ a&mifpHkwdrfwdkufrsm;ESihftNydKif yef;rsm;udk xdk;odyfyefqifxm;aom rdk;rsufESm i,fEkav;onf tvSaoG;0ihfae avonf/ ]uJ cl;NyD;NyD? oGm;MupdkU} aEGwkdUoHk;OD;om; udkvwf&Sd&modkU vmcJhMuaomtcgaumif;uif wGif wdrfwkdufrsm;u tpGrf;ukef awmufyaeavonf/ ]ae0ifcsdef wdrfawmufawmh ysdKaMumufwJh 'Dtcsdef w,f e,f e,f wdef} nDnDaxG;onf a&SUqHk;rS ckefaygufaNy;vTm;&if; atmf[pfoDqkd oGm;onf/ olaNy;oGm;&m vrf;wpfavQmuf&Sd opfyifEG,fyifav;rsm;


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

udkvnf; vufxJ&Sd 0g;acsmif;av;ESihf &dkufESufoGm;onf/ yef;yGifh NrufyGihfav;rsm;onf yJhaMuGum y&rf;ywm ,rf;cg&if; usefcJh&Smav onf/ ]rif;wkdUuvnf; aemufusvdkufwmuGm} ukdvwfonf olwkdUudk a&wGif;ab;wGif a&iifae&if; qD;MudK avonf/ MuD;aumif0ifvmNyDNzpfoNzihf udkvwftoHrsm; twefi,f Nowufvmonf/ vluvn;f NrihfNyD; xGm;usdKif;&eftwGuftm;,l ae[ef&Sdonf/ naeapmif;tcsdefonf aEG? rdk;ESihf nDaxG;wkdUtwGuf tm;vyf csdefNzpfaomfvnf; udkvwftwGufrl tawmfyif tvkyf&Iyfaom tcsdef Nzpfonf/ &moDvdkuf pdkufxm;aom [if;oD;[if;&Gufcif;rsm;udk a&avmif;&? aNrmif;wl;&ESihfrkdU nDaxG;wkdU upm;csifwkdi;f olUcrsm rupm;EdkifcJhacs/ ]aMomf nDaxG;wkdU vmMuNyDudk;} OD;av;pdefonf a&yHk;vGwfESpfckudk Nyefxrf;vm&if; EIwfquf avonf/ ol0wfxm;aom ykqkd;wGif a&rsm;pdk&TJaeonf/ ,aeUnae twGuf a&wGif;rS a&iif&aomwm0efudk udkvwfuvkyfNyD; OD;av; pdefu tyifrsm;udk a&avmif;aeaMumif; raNymbJESihf odomav onf/ ]udkvwfa& xm;cJhawmhav? Igqufiifvkdufawmhr,f}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]aeygapOD;av;? uRefawmf qufiifyghr,f} ]oGm;yguGm? rif;oli,fcsif;awGeJU at;at;aq;aq; pum;av; bmav;aNymayhg} OD;av;pdefonf udkvwf\vufwGif;rS a&yHk;MudK;udkqGJ,lvdkuf onf/ a&yHk;MudK;udk qGJNyD;a&iif&vGef;aomaMumifh udkvwf vufrsm; onf tom;rm wufum rmausmvsuf&Sdonf/ ]rdk;wkdU nDaxG;wdkUNyef&if bl;oD;wpfvHk;cl;ay;vdkufOD; udkvwf a&? rrcifwkdUu bl;oD;csOf&nfqkd odyfMudKufwm} pufbD;av;onf 0Dac:atmif vnfoGm;NyD; a&yHk;i,fonf a& rsufESmNyifESihf Nzef;ceJxdawGUoGm;onf/ OD;av;pdefonf a&Nynhfaom a&yHk;ukdtm;pdkufí qGJ,lvdkuf&if; vSr;faNymonf/ okdUaomf olU tem;wGif wpfa,mufrSs r&SdMuawmhay/ avSmiftdrfrS vGwfaom iSufuav;rsm;ozG,f ckefaygufNyD; xGufcGmoGm;MuNyDNzpfonf/ ]a&mh ukdvwfa0pk} rdk;onf olUvufxJrS oMum;vHk;av;udk ay;vdkufonf/ udk vwfu vSrf;,lNyD; olUykqkd;cg;yHkMum;xJodkU vdrfNyD;xnhfvdkufav onf/ nDaxG;u rauseyfovdkar;onf/ ]rpm;ao;bl;vm;uG} ]ig xrif;rpm;&ao;bl;? xrif;pm;NyD;rS pm;r,f}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

udkvwfonfbl;pifatmufodkUcyfoGufoGufavQmufoGm;&if;aNym onf/ nDaxG;wkdu rkd;wdkUtwGuf tacsmqHk; taumif;qHk; bl;oD; wpfvHk;ukad &G;NyD;cl;&ef oGm;Ncif;Nzpfavonf/udkvwfonfoli,fcsif; rsm;tay:wGif xm0pOf apwemydkavh&Sdonf/ OD;av;pdeu f ]udkvwf a& c0JoD; av;ig;vHk;pD cl;ay;vdkufuGm} [kqkdvQif rdk;wkdUonf q,f vHk;cefU&wwfonf/ ]csOfaygif&GufeJU &Hk;ywDawGay; vdkufOD;av} [kqkdvQifvnf; wpftdrfvHk;pm;rukefatmif Ncif;awmif; xJodyfay; wwfavonf/ bl;oD;wpfvHk;pD[kqkdvQifum; ESpfvHk;cl; ray;Ekdif/ xkdtcg pifatmufwGif warmharm&SmNyD; taumif;qHk;? tacsmqHk;? toD;MuD;rsm;udk a&G;NyD; cl;ay;wwfavonf/ ]udkvwfa& tefu,fvfa*smfeDwkdUtdrfrSm arG;xm;wJhacG;topf MuD;awG a&mufaew,f/ tMud;MuD;awGyJ? oGm;MuD;awGNzJvdkU? aMumufp&m? 'dkUawG aemufqkd&if yifrSnhfoD; 0ifcdk;zdkU vG,frSmr[kwf awmhbl;} nDaxG;u owif;xl;udkaNymonf/ tefu,fvf a*smfeDonf *sL; uNym;MuD;NzpfNyD; olwkdUtdrfwGif yifrSnhfyifrsm;udk pifxkd;NyD; pdkufxm; onf/ tyifrsm;\ obm0udkodNyD; *&kpdkufaomaMumifh olUyifrSnfh pifMuD;rsm;onf aeaNymufyif rxkd;Ekdifatmif pdrf;pdkzm;a0aeonf/ toD;oD;aom &moDwGifum; pifrEkdifbJ usdK;usonftxd trsm;t Nym; NyGwfcJaeatmif oD;wwfavonf/ rdk;wkdU av;OD;vHk;yif yifrSnhf oD;qkdvQif tpdrf;pm;pm;? azsmf&nfazsmfazsmf? bmrqkdMudKufMuonf/ odkUaomf tefu,fvfa*smfeDonf uyfap;eJUMuD;Nzpfonf/ yifrSnhfoD;


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

rsm;udk aps;okdU azmufonfay;avh&SdoNzihf yifrSnhfoD;MudKufaom rdk; wdkU aEGwdkUudk tvum;cl;cGihfay;csif[ef rwlacs/ tdrfa&SUaygufrS 0ifrcl;&aomtcg udkvwfu OD;aqmifNyD; aemufaz;NcHpnf;&dk;udk NzJ0ifum wdwfwqdwf ckd;Muonf/ xkdenf;tm;Nzihf rkd;wkdU wpfawG onfolkwdkUMudKufaom yifrSnhfoD;rsm;udk pdwfwdki;fus pm;cJhMu&av onf/ ]'kdUawG 0ifckd;aewm odvkdu xifw,fuG} udkvwfu aNymonf/ aEGonf aNcmufvdrfaeaom bl;&Guf aNcmufwpf&Gufudk ckefcl;vdkufNyD; vufxJwGifqkyfudkifum aNcvdkuf onf/ bl;&GufaNcmufav;onf vufzufaNcmufozG,f rGrGaMuoGm; avonf/ aEGwkdU a&mif;wrf;0,fwrf; upm;enf;tac:tm;Nzihf bl;&GufaNcmufonf vufzufaNcmufNzpfonf/ &J,dkoD;uif;onf ydEéJ oD;Nzpfonf/ xif;acsmif;\ tacgufESihf tom;tMum;wGif&Sd ydk;pm;xm;aom trIefU0g0gav;rsm;onf eEGif;rIefUNzpfonf/ pawmfb,f&DoD;onf emewfoD;Nzpfonf/ yk@&DwfoD; trSnhfeDeD av;rsm;onf yef;oD;NzpfNyD;? rrSnhfao;aom toD;pdrf;pdrfav; rsm;onfum; opfaomhoD; Nzpfavonf/ ]tdk acG;rsm; aMumufp&mrSwfvdkU? oludkuf&if udk,fuvnf; Nyefudkufayhg} ]acG;udk Nyefudkuf&r,fvm;} ]'gayhg 'dkUrSmvnf; yg;pyf&SdwmyJ? oGm;&SdwmyJ}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

rkd;onf taumif;qHk;bl;oD;udk warmharmhESihf a&G;ae&if; NyHk;pyf pyfaNymonf/ nDnDaxG;url pum;udktwnfraNymyJ taNymiftNyuf vkyfaeaom rkd;udk rsufarSmifcsDí Munhfavonf/ rdk;a&m nDnDaxG; yg aNymifwwf? aemufwwfaom aysmfaysmfae orm;av;rsm;Nzpf aomfvnf; wpfOD;ESifhwpfOD;um; odyfNyD; rwnhfMuacs/wpfOD;u taumif;aNympOf aemufwpfOD;u0ifNyD; azmufwwfaomaMumifhNzpf avonf ]'kdU&JUyg;pyfu pum;aNymzdkU? oGm;uawmh tpmawGudk 0g;zdkU acG;udkukdufzdkU r[kwfbl;? aemufwpfcg 'kdUawG yifrSnhfoD;awG oGm; cdk;Mu&if rk;dudk vnfywfav; ywfay;NyD; tJ'DacG;MuD;udk Nyefudkufckdif; wmayhg [kwfvm; nDaxG;? olwkdUbufu b,feSaumifvmvm? wkdU bufu rdk;wpfaumifwnf;eJU ekdifw,fuGm rpdk;&drfygeJU} ][m; [m; [m; ? rSwfyvm;uG a':rkd;} nDaxG;u rausreyf aNymonf/ udkvwfuvnf; nDaxG;buf r0ifaNymavonf/ udk,hfpum;ESihfudk,frdNyD; acG;vHk;vH;NzpfoGm;& aom rsufESmav;&IHUrJhoGm;aom rdk;udkMunhfNyD; nDnDaxG;onf w[m;[m;ESihf 0r;fomtm;& &,faeavonf/ udk,hf&I; ukd,fywf Ncif;NzpfoNzihf pum;&SmrawGUbJ rcsdoGm;NzJav;ESihf acgi;fuwfae& &Smavonf/ udkvwfonf bl;oD;eSpfvHk;ukd a&G;NyD;cl;vdkufonf/ tpif;&m tNcpf&mvHk;0r&SdbJ pdrf;pdkaeaombl;oD;\ tnSmem;wGif arG;nif;


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

pdrf;ekekav;rsm; &dyf&dyfwifvsuf&Sdonf/ tarG;ekek pl;pl;av;rsm;udk vufESihfrodromav; yGwf&if; aEGonf bl;oD;MuD;udk odkif;zufxm; rdavonf/ tyifrS vwfvwfqwfqwf cl;NyD;pNzpfoNzihf bl;oD; nSmwHrS tap;av;rsm; pdrhf,dkxGufaeonf/ ]a[h rdaEG? tap;awG eifhtusF DpGef;ukefvdrhfr,f? bmvdkU wtm; zufxm;&wmvJ} nDaxG;u vSrf;atmfavonf/ aEGonf yg;csdKihfa&;a&;av; ay: atmif rodromav; NyHk;vdkufNyD; nDaxG;\ pum;udk rMum;csif a,mifaqmifaeonf/ ]udkvwfwkdU NcHMuD;vdk aEGwdkUNcHrSm tyifawGpHk&if odyfaumif;rSm} ]tkd bmvkyfzdkUvJ? tJ'gqdk rkd;wkdUa&avmif;ae&rSmayhg? tckawmh b,favmufaumif;wHk;? udkvwfu a&avmif;NyD; rkd;wkdUu tqif oihfcl;pm;&HkyJ} rdk;onf aEGUvufxJrS bl;oD;xGm;xGm;EkEkMuD;udk vSrf;,lvdkuf &if;aNymavonf/ azsmhawmhaom qnf;qma&mif0,f rkd;yefxm; aom a&mifpHkyef;av;rsm;onf awmufyaeonf/ i,f&G,fEkysdKaom tvSonf qnf;qma&mifazsmhazsmh0,f wufMuGaeavonf/ ]aEG aiGwm&D&JU uAsmav;wpfyk'f rzwfzl;bl;vm;? odyfaumif; wmyJ}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

uav;b0u wpfaoG;wnf; wpfoHwnf;&SdMuaom vli,f av;OD;onf MuD;aumif 0ifvmMuaomtcg udk,fydkif0goemav; rsm;udk pkum yef;csDa&;qGJaewwfonf/ aEGu opfyifav;rsm;Mum; wGifaysmfvmonf/ nDaxG;onf [kda,mifa,mif 'Da,mifa,mifESihf a&mausmfvkyfaepOfwGif udkvwfurl uAsm? 0w¦K?pmnGefU? aqmif; yg;tpHkudk tcsdeftm;&wkdif; rxwrf;zwfaom tavh&SdvmNyDNzpf onf/ ]tvdr®m pmrSm&Sd} [laom pum;ukd OD;av;pdefuvnf; rNywf aNymavh&Sdonf/ oludk,fwdkif acwfynm rwwfcJhaomfaMumihf udkvwf\ ynma&;udk txl;tm;ay;avonf/ ausmif;pmomru tNcm;pmrsm; zwfvQifvnf; auseyf aeonfomNzpf\/ ]bm uAsmvJ aEGrodbl;} ]'dkUawG tvGwfawmhr&bl;? t"dyÜg,fuawmh[m vlawG[m olrsm; NcHxJrSm yef;awGyGihfwm zl;wmudk tm;usNyD; aer,hftpm; udk,hfNcHxJ rSmvnf; udk,fom,matmif pdkufzdkUysdK;zdkU aNymwm[? aetHk; cP aeawmh ig,lNyr,f? tvGwfr&bl;} udkvwf\pum;udk aEGwpfOD;wnf;om av;av;pm;pm; em; axmifaeavonf/ rkd;ESihf nDaxG;onf ta&;yifrpdkufMuacs/ wpfOD; ESihfwpfOD; bl;oD;csif; tMuD;NydKifaeMuvonf/ rkd;\ bl;oD;u&Snf NyD;? nDaxG;\bl;oD;u 0dkif;aomaMumihf wkid f;r&bJ tMuHtdkuf aeMuonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

ukdvwfonf tdrfbufodkU aNy;xGufoGm;um pmtkyfav;wpf tkyf ,lvmavonf/ rSdefazsmhazsmh qnf;qma&mif0,f xif;aeaom ]om,monfhaNrodkU} [lonfh uAsmacgif;pOfav;udk aEGonf ai;pdkuf Munhfaerdavonf/ xdkUaemuf atmufbufrS pmom;av; rsm;udk cyfNznf;Nznf; zwfaerdavonf/ wpfcgwnf; zwfrd&HkESifh r&Sif;aomaMumihf xyfzwfonf/ xdkUaemuf aEGUpdwfwGif pGJoGm; onf/

]olUpcef;? omqef;&*HkoGifrkdU igvSrf;um ckd0ifvdkU NymaiGpif MudKifysHU&Sm;ygwJh yGihfiHkqifh yifawGMum;rSmv avQmufoGm;um aysmfvdkvSygbd Nra&mifpdk onfNrufcif;&,feJU nif;avckd opfndk&dyfrSmNzifh avsmif;tdyfvdkU wpfukd,fom &TifygcsifhpdwfxJ? odkUvnf;av roihfavsmfaybk


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

ighNcHaNr O,smOfeef;[mvnf; vSavonf ompcef;ayayhg pdefyef;udk onfvdkaNzvdkU usufoa& wufae0ihfatmifv ighNcHaNr taNcNrSSihfcsifiJh? olUaNrrSm NzLNymyGihf&ifNzihf? ighaNrrSm eD0gwifh&rayhg tcGifhtcgarQmfvdkU

O,smOfawmf om,ma&;udkv &INrifaNrmf cgcgawG;ygvdkU raES;yif tm;tifxkwfvkdU&,f aygif;EkwfzdkUcJ/

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]O,smOfawmf om,ma&;udkv &INrifaNrmf cgcgawG;ygvdkU raES;yif tm;tifxkwfvkdU&,f aygif;EkwfzdkUcJ/} aEGonf pdwfxJrS wkd;wkd;av; &Gwfqdkvdkufrdonf/ xkdaeU xdk tcsdefupí aEGonf uAsmwkd&Snfav;rsm;udk zwf&aumif; MudKuf& aumif;rSef; odvm&Ncif; Nzpfavonf/ uAsm\ t&omudk pwifcH pm;wwfvmonfh xkdaeUudk awG;rd&if; aEGUrsufESmav;NyHk;&dyf&dyf av; Nzpfaeavonf/ ]tJ'Dwkef;u udkvwfMuD;u tNrJ aemufusw,faemf/ olUrSm a&avmif;&wmeJU? aygif;oif&wmeJU tm;MuD; tvkyfrsm;w,f? wpfcgwpfav olrvm&if olUa0pk oMum;vHk;ukd rdaEGrodatmif wkdU eJUrdk; wpfa,mufwpf0ufpD pm;ypfMuw,faemf [m; [m; wpfcg wavawmh rdk;u 'dkUawmifrodbl;? OD;atmifwpfa,mufwnf; pm; ypfa&m [m; [m; [m; tm;MuD; iwfMuD;usw,f}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

nDaxG;onf zdk;atmifav;udk olUaygifay:qGJwifvdkuf&if; w[m;[m; &,faeavonf/ zdk;atmifav; pdwf0ifpm;pGmESihf ai; Munhfaeaom olUvufrS ausmufywfwD;MuD;ukd Nrifomatmif Nyonf/ zkd;atmifonf olUvufacsmif; ekekav;rsm;ESihf ausmuf ywfwD;NzLNzLudk rxdwxd prf;Munhfaeavonf/ twdwfokdU vGihfoGm;aom aEGUpdwftpOfonf nDaxG;\&,f oHaMumifh ypöKefyÜefumvqDokdU &kwfcsnf; Nyefvnfa&muf&Sdvm onf/ vHk;0ef;aom bl;oD;MuD;ukd zuf&if; tvsm;? teH? vHk;ywfwkdU udk wkdif;um {&d,mESifh xkxnfudk wGuf&ef MudK;pm;aeaom aumifav;onf ppfAkdvfMuD;vHk;vHk;NzpfaeacsNyD/ wkdufyGJaygif; rsm;pGm udkvnf; &Gyf&GyfcRHcRHwkdufNyD;cJhayNyD/ ]aNymygOD; nDaxG;&,kf? Eifhvufu b,fvdk NzpfwmvJ} nDnDaxG;] rsufeSmonf &kwfNcnf; wnfMunfoGm;onf/ rsufvHk;rsm;uvnf; rdIif;ndkU &Da0vmavonf/ EIwfcrf;rsm;udk wif;wif;aphNyD; a&SUwnfhwnfhokdU pdkufMunhf&if; acwÅrQ Nidrfouf oGm;onf/ ]eifwkdUawG &efukefrSm Zdrfav;eJU aeMuwm? wd&pämef&HkoGm; vdkuf? ZD;&dk;ZDk;&dk;qJAif;av; MunhfvdkufeJU aysmfp&mtwdayhg? a&SU wef;u ppfom;awGuawmh toufeJU&if;NyD; EdkifiHudkumuG,fae Mu&w,f/ 'DuvlawGu aoewfypfum;awGMunhfNyD; taysmfwrf; &ifzdkaeMuwJhtcsdefawGrSm 'dkUaumifawG[m &efolywfvnf0dkif;NyD;


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

&ifw'kdif;'kdif; ckefae&w,f/ 'kdUawG[m awmxJ awmifxJ e,fpGef e,fzsm;awGrSm udk,hfekdifiHu aNruav; wpfvufrrQ tyJhrcHekdifwJh pdwfeJUkwdkufckdufaeMu&w,f/ 'DtcsdefrSm eifwkdU&JUNrdKUawmf &efukef MuD;rSm wdk;wufrIawGu wif;usrf;? igNyefvma&mufawmh rsufpd vnfaewmyJ? pwD&D,dkaw;oHawGuvnf; nHvdkU? rdef;uav;awGu vn;f zuf&SifawG trsdK;rsdK;xGifNyD; 0wfMu pm;Mu? wpfcgwav olwkdU0wfpm;aewm ArmtusF DvdkUawmif rxif&awmhbl;? bmyHk awGrSef; 'dkUrodbl;? ppfyGJwpf&mwkduf&vdkU &ifrarmygbl;? rdk;&,f? tJ'DNrdkU&JU NrifuGif;wpf&mudkNrifawmh 'dkU&ifxJ qkdUNyD;armoGm;wmyJ} aEGonf nDAxG;udk ai;Munhfaerdonf/ taNymiftNyufESihf &efpum;udkom qkdwwfaom vlaysmfuav; nDnDaxG;onf b0ESihf &if;vmaomtcg av;av;eufeuf pum;rsm;udk aNymwwfvmacsNyD/ &,fp&m aysmfp&mrsm;udkom &SmMuHNyD; MunhfwwfNrifwwfaom rsufvHk;tpHkonfvnf; acwfudk NywfNywfxifxif Nrifvm[ef &Sdavonf/ ]uJ aNymygOD;? Eihfvufu b,fvdkNzpfwmvJ? ppfwkdufwJh 'Pf&mrS[kwf&JUvm; nDaxG;&JU? eifh[meif pawmfb,f&DoD; wufcl;NyD; opfyifay:u vdrfhuswmr[kwfvm;} nDaxG;u cHpm;csuftNynhfESihf aNymaepOf rdk;uvnf; olU tusihftwkdif; cyfaomaomav; 0ifazmufonf/ pawmfb,f&Dyif qkdonfrSm aNrwGif0yfaeaom tyifykav;rsm;Nzpfonf/ nDnDaxG; ukd pawmfb,f&Dyifay:uvdrfhusNyD; vufusdK;ovm;[lí oufouf


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

0ifESdrfNci;fNzpfavonf/ nDnDaxG;uvnf; olU[eftwkdif;yif rdk; udk rsufarSmifMuKwf&if; Munhfrdonf/ aNcmufESpf[laom tcsdefumv onf uav;ESpfa,muftar rdk;udk toufaNcmufESpf MuD;oGm;ap cJhaomfvnf; i,frli,fusihfrsm; aysmufoGm;ap&efum; wwfEkdifcJh[ef rwlacs/ ]tJ'Dwkef;u 'dkUu e,faNrcHwyfpk? a&SUbufrSm wdkufuif;xGuf wJh wyfawG olykefeJUawGUNyD; ypfMucwfMuawmh igwkdUu ppfuloGm; &wmayhg? 'kdUvdkufwm vGJoGm;w,f? &efolu awmifukef;ay:uae vSrf;NrifNyD; ypfvkdufcwfvdkufwm[m em;udk tlaewmyJ? 'kdUu ypfuGif;wnfhwnfha&mufaeawmh acgif;udk raxmifEkdifbl;? aemuf qHk;awmh rwwfEkdifbl;/ wzufu qifaNcavQm acsmufxJ vSdrfh cs&w,f/ tJ'Dwkef;u ighaNcaxmufudk aoewfrSefwmyJ} ][m nDaxG;&,f? eif vkyfvdkufrSNzihf tqef;csnf;yJ? aNc axmufudk aoewfrSwfwm vufu usdK;oGm;a&mvm;} rdk;u wtHhwNoar;avonf/ nDaxG;onf pdwfr&Snf[ef ESihf olUvufxJ&Sd csdKcsOfpuúLav;udk ypfcsvdkufavonf/ ]rdk;&m qHk;atmif em;axmifygOD; vSdrhfcs&if; aoewfrSefNyD; xlxlylyleJU bmawGeJU b,fvdk wkdufrd cdkufrd &dkufrdvJawmh rodbl;? atmufa&mufawmh vufu &r;femaewm odw,f/ 'gayrJh aNcaxmufu aoG;xGufaeawmh aNcaxmufudkyJ ydk*&kpdkufwmayhg? 'gayrJh aNcaxmufut&dk;rxdbl;? tom;udkom usnfqefazmuf


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

oGm;vdkU udpör&Sdbl;av? vufuom a&mifudkif;vmNyD; vm;&dI; aq;&HKrSm uk&ao;w,f/ t&dk;u usdK;&Hkrubl; vGJaewmeJU aemufawmhrS &efukefoGm;qdkNyD; a&mufvm&wmyJ tpfrwkdUa&} nDnDaxG;onf armoGm;[efESihf aumfzDyef;uefudk qJG,lNyD; wpfusdKufwnf; armhcsvdkufavonf/ 'Dwpfcgawmh rdk;onf aNymif&Twf&Twf raNymawmhay/ nDnDaxG;udk u&kPmvTrf;aom rsufvHk;av;rsm;ESifh Munhfaeavonf/ olwdkUawG ppfwkdufwrf; upm;pOfu aEGnpfNyD; cJESihfypfwkdif; ckefumaygufumESifh raus reyfatmfavh&Sdaom vli,fav; nDaxG;onf ,cktcg usnfqef tppfrsm;Mum;xJwGif udk,fcE¨mudk auGUywf a&Smifwdrf;ae&&SmayNyD/ aEGypfaom ausmufcJrsm;onf nDaxG;\ ezl;udk wdefueJ wdefueJ rSefcJhaomfvn;f Nynfzsuf&efoltaygif;wkdU\ usefqefonfum; nDaxG;udk uGif;ygap? z,fygap[k wdwfwqdwf qkawmif;rdav onf/ acwÅrQ tawG;udk,fpDESihf NidrfoufaerdMuNyD; em&DvufwHu &Spfem&Dudk nTefNyaomtcg rkd;u owd&ovdk aNymonf/ ]xrif;pm;NyD;rS Nyefaemf} ]tm;emp&mMuD;Asm? pm;wmayhg? bm[if;vJ} ]aNcav;acsmif;om; tukefpm;w,f r[kwfvm;} ][ifhtif; wpfck a&Smifxm;w,fav}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

][if bmvJ} ]ukwif} ][Jh igu taumif;ar;wm} ]aMomf taumif;udk ar;wmvm;? odygbl;Asm? nDnDaxG;udkrsm; ar;wmvm;vdkU} ]eifh bdk;atrSyJ} ]uRefawmhf bdk;atvm; OD;cspfpkwJh? tzGm;a':r,fvSwJh? olwdkU eSpfa,muf pkvsm;&pfywf? vufxyfxdrf;Nrm;NyD;wJhtcg uRefawmfh&JU arG;ozcif? aus;Zl;&SIifMuD; OD;cspfaxG;udk arG;zGm;oefUpif} ]nDaxG;aemf? ig wD;rdawmhr,f} ]bmvJ pE´,m;wD;rvdkUvm;? aumif;om;yJ wD;av? em; axmif &wmayhg} ][Jh nDaxG;? acG;aumifav;? Awmfawmh} rdk;u pdwfr&SnfEkdifbJ vufudka0SU,rf;um atmfavawmhonf/ aEGonf olwkdUESpfOD;udkMunhf&if; &,farmrdavonf/ rkd;u pum;udk twnfaNymaomtcg nDaxG;uwpfvSnfh azmufvmNyD Nzpfonf/ rkd; xrif;pm;yGJNyifaepOf aEGonf a&tNrefcsdK;&avonf/ ausmif;apmapmoGm;&rnhfaeUwGifrS nDaxG; a&mufvmoNzihf apmzdkU


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

aeaeomom cgwkdif;xufyif aemufusawmhra,mif&Sdonf/ a&rdk; csdK;? t0wftpm;vJNyD; ausmif;udk wufokwf&dkuf aNy;&ef Nyif& onf/ xrif;yif rpm;tm;/ csdKihfav;ESihf xnhf,loGm;&rnf Nzpfavonf/ ]a[h aEG eifua&m vufyGtusF D r0wfbl;vm;? eihftusF DyHk MuD;u &dk;vkdufwm} tusF DtNzLvuf&Snf? vHkcsnfpdrf;av;eSihf xGufvmaom aEGUudk aphaphNunhf&if; nDaxG;u aNymavonf/ aEGonf yg;csdKihfav; a&;a&;ay:atmif NyHK;vdkufrdavonf/ ]q&mr nDaxG;a& q&mr? uav;awGudk enf;ay;vrf;NywJh uav;wdkU&JU q&mr? t0wftpm; tqiftNyifu pNyD; &kd;&dk;eJU ,Of&r,f? £ajE´odu©m&Sd&r,f/ oyf&yf&r,f? oefU&Sif;&r,f/ olwkdU av;awG&JU pdwfxJrSm pHxm;&r,f/ pHNyNzpf&r,f/ uJ uJ oGm; r,f? nDaxG; vmOD;rSm r[kwfvm;? aemufawGUOD;rSmayhg 'dkU oGm;awmh r,faemf} aEGonf tdrfay:rS oGufoGufav; qif;vkdufonf/avSum; ab;&Sd narT;yef;&HkrS narT;yef;pdrf;zefUzefUav;rsm;u ikdufae av onf/ aEGonf narT;yef;wpfcufudk qGJcl;vdkufNyD; qHxHk;wGif oGm;&if;vm&if; xkd;pdkufyefqifvdkufonf/vHkcsnfpdrf;ESifh yef;pdrf;yef xm;aom aEGonf nDaxG;udk NyHK;&,f EIwfqufoGm;onf/ a&Ta&mif


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

0if;aeaom aea&mifNcnfwGif aEGUtqiftNyifEiS fh trIt&monf &dk; í,OfNyD; &ifat;zG,f aumif;aeavonf/ nDnDaxG;onf narT;yef;wpfcufudk vSrf;NyD; cl;vdkufrdonf/ ntarSmifwGif MudKifaeatmif arT;wwfaom narT;yef;rsm;onf ae a&mifNcnfwGifrI &SufpEdk;acgif;iHkUaeMu&Smonf/ tomt,m&dIuferf; MunhfrdNyefonf/ &eHUarT;arT;udk odk0Sufxm;Muavonf/ arT;ysHvS aom &eHUudk tyGifhMum;wGifvnf;aumif;? nSmwHatmufwGif vnf; aumif; vHkaeatmif0Sufxm;Muavovm;[k nDnDaxG;onf uav; qefqef awG;rdonf/ ]OD;OD; araru axmfaew,f? xrif;Mum;r,foJh} cyf&GHU&GHU aNymvdkufaom toHav;udk Mum;vdkuf&oNzihf nDnD axG;onf aemufbufokdU vSnfhMunhfvdkufrdonf/ *g0efeDeDav;udk aemufbufodkU pkodrf;&if; r&Jw&J[efav;Esihf &yfaeaom uav; ri,fav;onf nDaxG;udk NyefMunhfaeavonf/ nDnDaxG;u OD; acgif;udknTwfum NyHk;&,fvdkufaomtcg rdi,fav;uvnf; yg;csdKihf av; a&;a&;ay:vmatmif NyefNyD; NyHk;Nyavonf/ ]uav;emrnf b,fvdkac:vJ[if} ]rde,fwJh} ]rde,f [kwfvm;} ][kwfygbl; rde,fyg}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]bm&,fuG,f rde,f} ]eudk ,yufvufwwfawmh e,f tJ'D e,f} rdi,f\ rsufESmwGif tNyHk;&dyf aysmufoGm;avonf/ yg;tkdUu av; eDa&mifaNy;vmNyD; rsufarSmifMuKwf&if; aNymonf/ nDnDaxG; onf rdi,fav;udk taotcsmpdkufMunhf&if; &ifxJwGif odrfhueJ NzpfoGm;onf/ xkdUaemuf acgif;udk aemufodkUypfum [m;ueJ &,f vdkufrdavonf/ ]bmudk e,fwmvJ? ememe,f wmvm;} rdi,f &kwfceJ aemufqkwfvdkufonf/ w[m;[m; &,fae aom nDnDaxG;udk &Iwnfwnfav; Munhf&if; EIwfcrf;av;u w&G&G vkyfaeonf/ ][kwfbl;? Ememe,f [kwfbl;? eudk ,yufvufwwfawmh e,f tJh'De,f? rde,f} ]at;yg? at;yg[? eudk ,ufyufvufowfawmh e,fyg? [kwfygw,f} ][kwfygbl;} ]tkduG,f [kwfygw,f? e,f ygqkdrS} ]e[kwfbl;? e}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

uav;rav;udk rsuf&nf &pfxJvmonftxd usDp,f&if; nDaxG;onf tlNrL;vmonf/ pdefyef;yGifhrsm;udk zaemihfeifh zdaNc&if; a'gowMuD;Nzpfaeonhf ]aEG} uav;udk NyefawG;rd&if; olukd,f wkdifyif xkdtouf xkdt&G,fokdU Nyefa&mufoGm;ovdk cHpm;rdonf/ ][JhorD;av; rdi,f? OD;OD;udk ac:cJhawmhav} ]raxmfcsifbl; arar? raxmfcsifbl;} rdi,fu uJuJqwfNyefaNymavonf/ nDnDaxG;udk &efvdkaom tMunhfESihf cyfapmifapmif Munhfaeonf/ [uf[ufyufyuf &,faeaom nDnDaxG;ESihf rsuf&nf&pf0dkif;aeaom rdi,fwkdUudk Munhfum rdk;onf taNctaeudk csufcsif;yif oabmaygufoGm;av onf/ tpoef taemufoefaom nDnDaxG;onf olUorD; i,fi,f av;udk ikdonftxd prnfholNzpfaMumif; owd&aomaMumihfNzpf onf/ ]axmfyguGm? axmfyg} nDnDaxG;onf rdi,fav;udk cg;rSudkifum apGUueJ qGJaNrSmuf vdkuf&if; cyfaomaom aNymavonf/ rdi,fav;onf ,ufuef ,ufuefygoGm;onf/qHyifaysmhaysmhav;rsm;onf zGm;ceJ 0Jusvm NyD; *g0efav;onfvnf; avwGiv f GifhoGm;onf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]nDaxG; eif i,fi,fwkef;u twkdi;fyJ? aEGeJU pawGUawmhvnf; tpvGefNyD; &efNzpfw,f? tcka&m ighorD; ydpdauG;eJU &efNzpfcsifao; vdkUvm;} rdk;onf olUorD;i,fudk qGJayGUum &,farmaeavonf/ nDaxG;onf xrif;pm;cef;xJodkU iJhapmif;MunhfNyD;rS &kwfw&uf owd&ovdk aNymonf/ ]aeOD; arhaevdkufwm? rkd;&JUcspfol oefUoefU cefUacsmMuD;a&m} ]NrpfMuD;em; aNymif;oGm;&w,f[Jh} ]eD;eD;em;em;yvm;As? 'Dvdk rkd;u 'DrSm wpfudk,fwnf;aygh} ]at;ayhg[m? vGrf;vSNyD} ]vGrf;&if? vdkufoGm;ygvm;} ]vdkufr,f? vdkufcsifvSNyD? paumeSpfcsyfudkawmif tawmif wyfNyD; ysHoGm;csifwm? 'Dwpfcg rdaEG ausmif;ydwf&if uav;awGudk oleJUxm;cJhNyD; rkd;uawmhvdkufoGm;rSm} ]rdaEGu uav;xdef;ayhg} ]tif;ayhg} ]rdk; b,fw&m;rvJ}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]nDr tysdKqdkwm tpfr&JU uav;xdef;yJ[ rSwfxm; uav;awG udk rdaEGeJUxm;cJhNyD; rkd;uawmh tysdKvkyfoGm;rSmyJ? [m; oluvnf; [kdrSm wpfa,mufwnf; vlysdKMud; vkyfaewm} rkd;u wodrhfodrfh&,farm&if; aNymavonf/ tpfukdESihf cGJae &onfrSm MumvSacsNyD/ tpfudkuvnf; tvkyfudk taMumif;&SmNyD; &efukefvmwwfol r[kwf/ tpfukdUqD vdkufoGm;rnf[k awG;rd &HkESifhrdk;&ifxJwGif aysmf&Tifum rsufvHk;av;rsm;onfvnf; vJhvJh av; &Tef;vmavonf/

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

tpfudkUqDvkdufoGm;rnf[k awG;rd&HkESihf &Tiaf ysmfum rsufvHk;av; rsm;onfvnf; ta&mifvJhvJhav; &Tef;vmavonf/ ]nDrtysdKqdkwm tpfr&JU av;xdef;yJ[? rSwfxm; uav;awGudk rdaEGeJU xm;cJhNyD; rkd;uawmh tysdKoGm;vkyfrSmyJ? odvm;} ][kwfw,f [kwfw,f w,fw&m;w,f} aEGonf rkd;ukd qwfceJ wGef;ypfvkdufonf/ rdk;onf udk,fukd&dkU um a&Smifvdkuf&if; rsufpdwpfzufrSdwfNyonf/ xkdUaemuf udk,fvHk; ay:rSefxJwGif &dyf&dyfxifaeaom olU&kyfoGifukd oltrSwfrxif ai;Munhfaerdavonf/ oG,fvsaom tom;NzLaom rsufvHk;0kdif; ESihf rsufawmifaumhaom rkd;\t&dyfonf NyHk;vJhvJhESihf rkd;udk NyefNyD; Munhfaeavonf/ ]aEGa& rdk;enf;enf; ydefoGm;w,faemf} ]tif;} ]vSao;&JUvm;} ]rvSbl;}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]'gayr,fh tpfukdu ydefwmudk MudKufw,fwJh} ]MudKuf&if ydefatmifvkyfayhg? eufNzef xrif;rpm;eJU} ]tkd qmwmayhg} ]qm&ifvnf; tqmcHayhg} rdk;onf rSefxJrSwpfqifh Nrifae&aom aEGudk vSrf;MunhfNyD; NyHk; vdkufrdavonf/ aEGonf ,ckxufwkdifatmifyif olUtpfrudk ydkifpdk; vdkpdwf vTrf;rdk;qJNzpfonf/ rdbeSpfOD;eSihf aEGUudk xm;cJhum rkd;udk qGJac:oGm;aom rdk;\cspfoludkvn;f rauseyfcsif/ ,cktcg rdk;onf &ifaoG;i,fESpfOD;eSifh aEGUudkxm;cJhNyefum cspfolaemufodkU vkdufrnfh [efNyifaeNyefaomtcg aEGonf pdwfcsOfaygufvm[ef &Sdavonf/ tysdKaygufrav;ozG,f NyHK;aysmfaeaom rdk;udk rausreyf Nzpfae[ef &Sdonf/ ‘aEG pdwfqkd;aevm;} ]qdk;ygbl;} ]qkd;ygw,fuG,f rdk;odwmayhg} rkd;onf aEGUycHk;udk odkif;zufvdkufonf/ aEGUycHk;udk wif;wif; nSpfudkif&if; wkd;wkd;av; aNymavonf/ ]aEG&,f ckxdudk uav;qefcsifwkef;yJvm;? aEG rauseyf&if rkd; roGm;ygbl;aemf}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]tkd oGm;yg rkd;&JU? aEGvnf; ausmif;ydwfwkef; uav;ESpfa,muf udkac:oGm;NyD; ararwkdUqD Nyefr,fav? tdrfudkawmh aomhcwfMu wmayhg} aEGonf rMunfrom Nzpfaeaom olUrsufESmxm;udk csufcsif; Nyifvdkufavonf/ tdyfaysmfaeaom zdk;atmifav; tem;wGif w0D0D 0Jaeaom Ncifwpfaumifukd zsef;ceJ vSrf;&dkufvdkufonf/ Ncifaumif onf vufMum;xJrS vGwfxGufoGm;onf/ zdk;atmifudk Ncifaxmifcsay;ae&if; aEGonf udkvwfudk owd& aeonf/ ararwkdUqDNyefvQif udkvwfudkvn;f awGU&OD;rnf Nzpf onf/ ararwdkUonf ykodrfNrdKUwGifyif taNcpdkufcJhMuonf/ yifpif,l NyD; aemufydkif;wGif ararESihfazazonf yef;yifuav;rsm;udk pdkufysdK; &if; at;csrf;pGmtem;,lMuavonf/ awmifay:NrdKUwGifom NzpfxGef; aom usdKif;wHka'pDyef;rsm;udkyif Nrpf0uRef;ay:a'owGif tyGifh um;um;MuD;rsm;&atmif pdkufysdK;EdkifcJhMuonf/ udkvwfonfvnf; rEÅav;rS pdkufysdK;a&;bGJU &NyD;aomtcgwGif OD;av;pde\ f NcHxJodkU Nyefvnfa&muf&Sdvmonf/ tpdk;&Xmersm;wGif tvkyfr0ifbJ oli,fpOfuwnf;u aygi;foifcJh&aom wl;qGpdkuf ysdK;cJh&aom aNrMuD;ay:wGif rm;rm;rwfrmwf &yfwnfEdkif&ef MudK;pm; cJhavonf/ acwfynmESihf uRrf;usifrI taNccHwkdU a&mpyfvkdufaom tcg udkvwf\ aNrMuD;wdkUonf a&ToD;cJhMu&avonf/ ]rdk;uvnf; udkvwfudk ,lvdkuf&if NyD;a&m}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

rdk;onf aEGUudk qwfceJvSrf;Munhfavonf/ tHhNoNcif;ESihf &,f&TifNcif;onf olUrsufeSmay:wGif a&maxG;oGm;onf/ ]bmNzpfvdkUvJ} ]udkvwfvnf; rqkd;ygbl;? vlawmfwpfa,mufyJ? vlaumif; wpfa,mufyJ? rdk;u olUudkawmh rMudKufbl;} ]a[mfawmf aEG&,f? rkd;u olUudkMudKuf&atmif olua&m rdk;udk MudKufvkdUvm;} ]rkd;onf [uf[ufyufyuf &,f&if; ar;avonf/ aEGUpdwfxJ wGif &IyfaxG;oGm;onf/ a0cGJír&aom tMunhfav;ESihf rkd;udk cyfawG awGav; Munhfaerdavonf/ avNynfat;u woGifoGifwkdufcwf vmonf/ aea&mifNcnfatmufwGif &eHUudk vHkvHkxkyfum 0Sufxm;Mu aom narT;yef;pdrf;pdrf;av;rsm;onf va&mifNzmusvmaomtcg arT;ysHUaom&eHUudkvnf; NzefUvdkufavonf/ ]t&l;rav;&,f aNymprf;ygOD; olua&m rkd;udk MudKufvkdUvm;} rdk;u &,farm&if; xyfar;aeavonf/ aEGonf yihfouff&dIuf vdkuf&if; cyfwkd;wkd;aNzonf/ ]odygbl; aEGUpdwfxJ xifwmyJ} ]aNomf &l;vJ&l;wJhaumifrav;? nDaxG;u aEGUudkMudKufwmeJU udkvwfuvnf; rkd;udk MudKufw,fxif&ovm;}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]tkd nDaxG;u aEGUudkrMudKufygbl;rkd;&JU? olu rcHcsifpdwfeJU oufouf aEGUudkcsdK;wmyg? ckvn;f olUrSm &nf;pm;awGudk trsm; MuD;? nDaxG;ppfwuúodkvw f ufaewkef;u arNrdKUu aumifrav;awG eJU ayGaewJhowif;awG aEGMum;om;yJ} ]aysmfwwf &Tifwwf? &kyfacsm ppfAdkvfavmif;av;qdkawmhvnf; pGHw,f xifyg&JU[,f} rdk;u &SmMuHNyD;cGihfvTwf[efESihf aNymavonf/ aEGonf bmrQ NyefraNymbJ rD;cvkwfav;udk zswfceJ ydwfvdkufavonf/ e*dku rD; a&mifESihf a&maxG;aeaom at;NrNrva&mifav;onf 0if;vmonf/ vJhvJh0gaom va&mif&dyf0,f aEGUrsufvHk;av;rsm;onf t&nf vnfvsuf&Sdonf/ narT;yef;eHUu oif;oif;av; arT;aeonf/ rdk;onf olUtdyf&m rSxvmNyD; aEGUab;wGif tomav; 0ifvSJvdkufonf/ wpfa,muf tdyfckwifav;ay:wGif nDtpfrESpfOD;onf yl;yl;uyfuyf vJavsmif; &if; NidrfoufaerdMuonf/ acgifrdk;&Sd oGyfNym;rsm;aygufvsuf&Sdonf/ arSmifaeaom tcef; xJodkU Mu,fa&mif va&mifav;rsm;u trdk;aygufav;rsm;Mum;rS wkd;0ifvmMuonf/ rkd;wkdU tdrfwGif rsufeSmusuf rwyfEkdifcJhay/ rsuf ESmusuf ausmufNym;rsm;u aps;MuD;aomaMumihf Nzpfonf/ wpfcg wpf&HwGifawmh ausmufNym;rsm;u aps;MuD;aomaMumihf pdwfrul; awmhbJ usLzsmudkom rsufeSmusufqifvdkuf&ef pdwful;rdaomfvnf;


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

vufawGUtaumiftxnfum; razmfEkdifao;ay/ tkdrif;a[mif;EGrf; aeaom ysOfaxmiftdraf v;udk wdkuftdrfav; wnfaqmuf&ef rdk; tdyfrufrufaeonfrSm MumvSacsNyD/ ]trdk;awGuvnf; aygufukefNyD? 'Dae&mrSm wdkuftdrfav; b,f awmhrsm;rS aqmufEkdifyghrvJ rodygbl;uG,f} rkd;u cyfnnf;nnf;av; aNymavonf/ tdrftdk tdrfa[mif; av;udk oabFmaq;wnf;[laom oeyfcg;vdrf;usHNyD; tdrfa&SUaNr uGufvyfuav;&dS aEG\ yef;O,smOf a0a0qmqmav;u yef;yefay; xm;oJhodkU &Sdonf/ rkd;wkdU tdrfav;onf tkdaomfvnf;? a[mif;aomf vnf; oyf&yfoefU&Sif;NyD; yef;&eHUrsm; arT;oNzihf pdwfMunfEl;zG,f aumif;avonf/ ]rdk;uvnf; olrsm;twGufawmh tdrfawG qGJay;aeNyD; ukd,hf twGuf tdrfawmh b,fawmhqGJrSmvJ} ]Adokumqkdwm olrsm;twGuf tNrJpOf;pm;ae&w,f? tdrfqGJ &if tJ'DtdrfxJrSm udk,fudkwkdif xkdifaeMunhfNyD; udk,hftdrftaeeJU pOf; pm;NyD; qGJ&w,f? &Hk;qGJNyefawmh udk,fu &Hk;om;wpfOD;taeeJU cHpm; Munhf&Nyefa&m? rdk;av wpfcgwav yHkqGJcHkrSmxkdifNyD; yHkqGJaewhJ tcsdef? pOf;pm;aewJhtcsdefawGrsm; tvkyfxJrSmvHk;0 pdwfa&mufoGm; NyD; tm;vHk;ukdarhaew,f} ]tpfudkU udka&mvm;}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

aEGu NyHk;ppeJU ar;avonf/ rkd;onf wpfcsuf&,fvkdufNyD; aEGUvufudk nSpfudkifvdkufonf/ ]aEG r,Hkr&SdeJU? tpfudkUudkyg wu,farhw,f? tJh'DtcsdefawGrSm qkd&if rkd;&JU0dnmOf[m pm&Gufay:u yHkpHav;xJrSm pkNyD;usaeovm; vdkU xifrdw,f} ]rdk;u oufrJhtaqmuftOD;udk toufoGif;ay;aewmayhgav? 0dnmOfoGif;ay;aewmayhgav} ]tif; qkdygawmh? Adokumwpfa,muf&JU 0dnmOfudkepfNyD; t&if;wnfNyD: qGJxm;wJh yHkpHwpfck[m wu,fNyD;awmh aexkdif Munhf&if odomw,f? taqmuftOD;av;[m pum;raNymwwfwJh rdwfaqGMud;vdk txJu vlawGudk om,mrI? at;csrf;rIudk ay;w,f od&JUvm; rdaEG} rkd;onf yufvuftdyfae&mrS tm;r&[efESihf arSmufvdkufonf/ ar;aphudk nmvufESihf axmufxm;NyD; v0ef;0g0gudk arQmfai;Munhf aeavonf/ ]wcsdKUtaqmuftOD;awGusawmh aumif;ygbl; rkd;&m? b,fvdk csnf;awGrSef;vJ rodbl;} ]NrefrmNynfrSm&SdwJh taqmuftOD;wkdif;[m AdokumyHkpHxkwf wmvdkU xifaeovm;aEG? 'dkUwkdif;NynfrSm AdokumeJU vuform; awmif twlwl xifaewJhvlawG trsm;MuD;? AdokumeJU yef;&HudkrcGJ


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

wwfwJhvlawGawmif &Sdao;w,f/ wpfcgu rdk; rEÅav;om;a&tdwf awG csKyfwJhae&m a&mufcJhao;w,fav/ tJ'D vkyfief;&Sifu rdk;udk rdwfqufNyD; bmvkyfovJ bmvJar;&if; Adokumqkdawmh ][m olwkdU qDrSmvnf; AdokumawGtrsm;MuD;} qkdNyD; tJ'DyHkqGJwJhvlawGudk vuf ndk;xdk;Nyw,f} rdk;onf aNym&if;&,favonf/ rkd;acgif;wGif naeapmif; avmufu cl;NyD;yefxm;aom narT;yef;pdrf;av;onf vIyf,rf;ae onf/ va&mif0,f pdrf;vJhaeonf/ ]Adokumwpfa,mufqGJwJh taqmuftOD;wkdi;f[m aumif;w,f vdkUaNymaewm r[kwfbl;aemf? rdk;aNymwmu NcHKaNymwm raumif;wm tqifraNywmvJ &SdrSmayhg/ tJh'Dvdk Nzpf&wm[m ol&JU0dnmOf olESpf NyD; rqGJcJhvdkUyJ? vkyfief;uRrf;usifrI vdkao;vdkUyJ? vkyfoufuvnf; vludk oifoGm;wmyJ aEG&JU? rdk;awmh wpfcgwav tdrfav;qGJ&if tdrfxJudk avSum; b,fESpfxpf eif;NyD;0ifvmr,f?{nhfcef;udk wkduf&dkufMuD;ay;r0ifbJ vSnhf0if&&ifaumif;rvm;? {nhfcef;eJU xrif;pm;cef; wGJxm;& aumif;rvm;? bk&m;cef;av;udkvnf; tdyfcef;eJU wGJxm;& aumif;rvm;? {nhfcef;eJUwGJxm;NyD; enf;enf; av; NrSifhxm;& aumif;rvm;ayhg? ukd,fudk,fwkdifudk 0ifNyD; ae MunhfNyD; pOf;pm;wmyJ qGJ&if;qGJ&if;eJU tdrfuav;udk udk,fwuf ae&r,fh tdrfuav;vdkU xifvmw,f? 'g[molrsm;twGufygvm; vdkU awG;rdwJhtcsdefusawmh &ifxJrSm [moGm;wmyJ}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

tenf;i,fNrihfwufvmaom va&mifonf rdk;\vufarmif; om;av;ESihf rsufeSmwpfykdif;ay:odkU uGufNyD; usa&mufvmonf/ e*dk NzLaom vufarmif;av;onf va&mif0,f 0if;tdoGm;avonf/ wpfNcrf;arSmif? wpfNcrf;vif; Nzpfaeaom rsufESmav;onfum; ykdí yif Munhfaumif;aeonf/ ]Adokumwpfa,muftwGuf taysmfqHk;tcsdef[m olae&r,fh tdrfudk olukd,fwkdif yHkpHxkwfae&wJhtcsdef Nzpfr,fxifw,f} aEGonf cyfoJhoJhav;&,f&if; aNymvkdufrdonf/ rkd;onf bmrQ NyefraNymbJ vufESpfzufNzihf ar;udk pHkaxmufNyD; v0ef;udk ai;Munhf aerdonf/ rkd;\ vufacsmif;oG,foG,fav;rsm;onf olwpfyg; twGuf yHkpHav;rsm; tawmfrsm;rsm; qGJay;cJhzl;NyD Nzpfonf/ okdUaomf olUtwGufrlum; bmrQ rqGJcJhzl;ao;acs/ um;*dka'gifav;udkyif rqGJzl;acs/ aEGonf awG;ae&if; &,frdNyefonf/ um;*dka'gifqGJ& atmifuvnf; um;&SdrSNzpfrnf r[kwfygavm/ rkd;wGif um;ESihfwlwm [lí AkdvftHk;oD;um;yif r&Sdacs/ ]aEG aecsifwJh tdrfukdawmh rdk;aqmufay;zdkU rvG,fygbl;/} ]b,fvdk aecsifvdkUvJ} ]tkd ESpf{uavmufudk us,f&r,f} ]bk&m;a& odef;wpf&mwefMuD;vm;}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

][kwfygbl; rdk;&JU ? aEGUtdrfu tdrfr[kwf&bl;/ 'gayrJh tdrfyJ Nzpf&r,f} ]b,fvdk aEG&,f} rkd;updwf&Iyfovkd ar;avonf/ aEGonf NidrfoufNyD; trdk;rS taygufav;rsm;udk armhMunhfaeonf/ olUpdwful;urÇmxJrS tdrfudk rdk;tm;aNym&ef pum;vHk;pOf;pm;aeonf/ ]'Dvdk rkd;&JU? aEGUpdwfxJrSm {nhfcef;?;awGyg wnfxm; r,f/ bk&m;cef;oGm;csif&if wHwm;av;u ul;oGm;NyD; Mumyef; awGyg cl;oGm;Edkifw,f/ tdkav rkx d rif;pm;cef;? rD;zdk? tdyfcef;? tdrfomav;awGukd trdk;wpfrdk;wnf;atmufrSm pkNyHKxnhfxm;wmrsdK; raecsifbl;? aEGav opfyifawGMum;xJ? yef;yifawG Mum;xJ? aNrMuD; eJU eD;eD;yJaecsifw,f/ aEGU&JU {nhfcef;? aEGU&JU xrif;pm;cef;awG[m {nhfcef;eJUvnf; wl&r,f/ xrif;pm;cef;eJUvn;f wl&r,f? 'gayr,hf eH&Hav;zuf ydwfxm;wmrsdK;vn;f rNzpfcsifbl;/ olwkdU[m O,smOf eJUvnf; wpfaNy;wn;f qufpyfae&r,f/ trdk; rdk;wJhae&mrdk;? wpfcsdKU ae&mawGusawmh tvif;a&mifyJ&atmif rSefcsyfawG oHk;r,fav? rdk;wkdUu tcef;wpfcef;eJU wpfcef;Mum;rSm tkwfeH&H umw,fqkdygawmh? aEGUtdrfrSmqkd&if wpfcef;eJUwpfcef;Mum;rSm yef;NcHawG yef;&HkawG Ncm;xm;r,fav? NcHMuD; wpfNcHvHk;[m aEGUtdrf yJ? NcHeJUtdrf[m twlwlyJNzpf&r,f? tdrfxJrSmNzwfNyD; a&uefav;awG Mumyef;av;awGeJU? acsmif;uav;awGu auGUvdkU 0dkufvdkUqdkygawmh rkd;&,f? {nhfcef;eJU bk&m;cef;ukdqkd&if Mum;rSm MumrsdK;ig;yg;


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

yGihfwJha&uefav; Ncm;xm;r,f? wpfzufrSm ukef;Nrihfav;&Sdr,f? tJ'Dae&mrSm apwDav;iHkNyD; qif;wkNyom'fav;&,f aEGaecsifwJh NcHeJUtdrfudk aEGUrsufpdxJrSm Nrifaeygw,f} aEGUrsufpdxJwGif yef;pHkyGifhaom tdrfukd Nrifa,mifaeonf/ okdY ygaomfvn;f rkd;udk &SIif;vif;atmifvnf; aNymrNywwfay/ rkd;onf aEGUudk Munhf&if; rsufarSmifav; csDaeonf/ rodromav;vnf; NyHk;aeavonf/ xkdUaemuf ]aEGom AdokumbJGU&cJhvQif wu,fhudk qef;Mu,fwJh? pdwf0ifpm;p&maumif;wJh taqmuftOD;av;awG xGufvmrSmyJ} [k rSwfcsufcsavonf/ aEGonf bmrQNyefraNymbJ rsufpdrSdwfxm;onf/ olUtawG; xJwGif olUtdrfonf qef;Mu,fvSypGm vIyf&Sm;aeonf/ olaevdk onfrSm yef;arT;arT;vnf; yGifh&rnf? avnSif;at;at;vnf; wdkuf cwf&rnf/ a&pD;oHomomvn;f Mum;&rnf? {nhfcH&efae&m? xrif;pm;&efae&m? tdyf&efae&m? xrif;csuf&efae&m tNynfhtpHk ygonfhtdrfNzpfonf/ av'Pf rkd;'PfrSvnf; tumtuG,fay;& rnf/ yef;O,smOfvdk om,mvSy&rnf/ odkUygaomfvnf; O,smOf r[kwfacs/ tdrfwpfvHK;\ vdktyfcsuf tppt&m&m NynhfpHk&rnf/ odkUaomf trdk;wpfrdk;xJatmuf tcef;av;rsm; cGJxm;aom tdrfrsdK; vnf;r[kwf? aEGonf awG;&if;awG;&if; yef;arGU&may:wGif tdyfNyD; a&pD;oH oJhoJhav;udk em;axmifae&ovdk &ifxJwGif at;csrf;vm avonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]aEGUtdrfu aumif;awmh aumif;ygw,f? 'gayrJh rmvDawG awmh q,fa,mufavmuf cefU&vdrfhr,fxifw,f} ]tdk udkvwf&Sdom;yJ} rdk;u aNymaomtcg aEGonf vTwfceJ aNymvdkufrdonf/ wpf qufwnf;yif ukdvwfukd owd&vmonf/ udkvwfomqkdvQif aEGU pdwful;urÇmxJrS tdrfudk &moDyef;tpHk yGihfvmatmif pdkufysdK;Edkif vdrfhrnfxifonf/ ]bmvJ aEGu udkvwfudk rmvDcsKyf cefUrvkdUvm;} ]'gayhg} aEGonf NyHk;&dyf&dyfav; aNym&if; rkd;ukd vSrf;zufvdkufonf/ rdk;vdrf;xm;aom eHUomNzLeH arT;ysHUysHUu aEGUESmacgif;xJodkU wkd;0if vmMuonf/ aEGonf ysHUysHUarT;aom&eHUudk&dIufí &Ivdkuf&if; rdk; acgifay:&Sd narT;yef;cufuav;udk vSrf;NyD; qdwfaNcGaerdavonf/ ]aEG ykodrfoGm;&if; nDaxG;rsm; vdkufOD;rvm; rodbl;aemf} ]rkd;yg vdkuf&ifodyfaumif;rSm? aEG&,f?rdk;&,f? udkvwf&,f? nDaxG;&,fav;a,mufvHk;NyefrqHkwm MumNyDaemf? rdk;uolUa,muFsm; qDyJ oGm;csifaewmyJ} aEGu rausreyfav;aNymaomtcg rkd;onf cyfoJhoJhav; &,fvdkufrdonf/ rdk; &,faepOfyif {nhfcef;xJrS em&DMuD;u a'gif'if


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

oHNyKum udk;em&Dxdk;oGm;onf/ em&DoHudk wpfcsufcsif; pdwfxJrS vdkufí a&wGuf&if;rS rdk;onf tarSmif&dyfwGif&Sd aEGUrsufeSmav;udk tuJcwf Munhfaerdavonf/ ]aEG awmfpwGdKif;&JU tbd"r®mav;udk Mum;zl;ovm;} ]bmvJ aEGrodbl;} ]rdk;vnf; wkduf&dkufzwfzl;wm r[kwfygbl;/ 0w¦Kwpfyk'fxJrSm ygwmav? awmfpwGdKif;uaNymw,fwJh? b0qdkwm uEÅm&rSm c&D; oGm;ae&wmeJU wlw,fwJh? tJh'DtcsdefrSm aemufuae ow¦0gqdk; MuD; wpfaumifu vdkufawmh tJ'Dvl[m aMumuftm;vefUtm; eJU a&wGif;MuD;wpfckxJ ckefcsvdkufa&mwJhav? a&wGif;atmufudk r a&mufcif ol[m a&wGif;ab;rSm wG,fuyfaygufaewJh opfyifu tudkif;av;wpfckukd qGJckdzufxm;w,f? a&wGif;atmufrSmawmh e*g;MuD;wpfaumif[m yg;pyfNzJNyD; apmihfaew,f? tay:rSmvnf; ow¦0gqkd;MuD;u iHkUMunhfaew,f? ol[m tE¦&,fESpfckMum;rSm a&mufaewmayhg? 'gwifrubl;? MuGufNzLeJUMuGufrnf;eSpfaumif [mvnf; olckdxm;wJh opfukdif;udk wpfvSnhfpDudkufaeMuw,fwJh? atmufu e*g;MuD;uawmh olNyKwfusvmwJhtcsdefrSmpm;zdkU yg;pyf MuD; toihfNzJxm;wmayhguG,f? 'DtcsdefrSm tJ'Dvlom;[m aMumuf& vefU&rSef;rodyJ olckdxm;wJh tudkif;u opf&GufrSmwifaewJhysm;&nf pufav;awGudk vsufaeao;w,fwJhodvm;}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

rdi,fav;onf tdyf&mxufrS vl;vGefUum wpfcsufESpfcsuf a,mif,rf;NyD; NyefvnftdyfaysmfoGm;onf/ zdk;atmifonf rdi,f\ Adkufay:wGif aNcaxmufwpfacsmif; vSrf;wifxm;NyD; um;&m;av; tdyfaeonf/ ]aEG em;vnfvm;} ]yxrvdkufwJh ow¦0gqdk;MuD;uawmh oHo&m0#fqif;&JawGxif wmyJ? aEGwdkUAk'¨w&m;awmftvdkt&awmh b0qkdwm 'ku©eJU&if;vm &w,fvdkU qkdw,fav? atmufu e*g;MuD;uawmh aorif;r[kwf vm;? tif; aemufNyD; MuGufNzLeJUMuGufrnf; tJ tJ'guawmh a&m} ]tJ'gu aeUeJUnav} aEGU&ifxJwGif odrfhueJwkefoGm;onf/ vlom;wkdU qGJckdxm;aom b0opfudki;fav;udk aeUeSihfn wnf;[laom MuGufNzLESihf MuGufrnf; ESpfaumifu wwdwd udkufNzwfvsuf&Sdacsonf/ olcdkxm;aom olUb0opfudkif;av;udkyif avxJwGif a,mif,rf;NyD; prf;rdra,mif &Sdonf/ vlUoufwrf;udk tydkif;okH;ydkif;ESihfwGufonfrkdU yxrt&G,f ukefvGefcJhNyD;aom aEGUopfudkif;av;onf oHk;yHkwpfyHk usdK;Nywfvsuf &SdacsNyD/ aEGonf &kwfNcnf;NidrfoufoGm;NyD; b0ESihfr&P,SOfNyD; awG; aerdavonf/ tcsdefwnf;[laom MuGufwkdUu rudkufNzwfaomf vnf; wpfcgw&HwGifum; av'Pf? rdk;'Pf? rkefwkdif;'PfwkdU aMumihf b0opfukdif; usdK;Nywfwwfavonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]opf&Gufay:u ysm;&nfav;uawmh ork', oHa,mZOfaESmif zGJUrIawG? udk,hf,HkMunhfcsuf udk,hf0goempwJh b0wPSmav;awG ayhg? 'Dawmh aEG&,f vlqdkwm e*g;MuD;u vSrf;[yfaecsdefrSm ysm; &nfvsufaewwfwJh ow¦0grsdK;yg/ rdk;vnf; t&d,molawmfpifrS r[kwfyJ? ykxkZOfvlom;qkdawmh ysm;&nfMudKufwmayhg? 'gaMumihf vnf; tpfudkUqDudk vdkufoGm;r,faNymwmyg} rkd;u avat;at;eSihfqufaNymonf/ b0ESihf r&P? ocFg&ESihf tedpöw&m;wkdUudk qufwkdufawG;aeaom aEGonf rdk;ukdcyfawGawG av; vSrf;Munhfavonf/ ol ysm;&nfMudKufonfhtaMumif; aNymcsif í awmfpwGdKif; tbd"r®mudk csDvmonfhtaMumif; awG;rdoNzihf &kwfNcnf; pdwfcsOfaygufoGm;onf/ aEGonf bmpum;rQraNymbJ Nidrfaerdavonf/ rdk;uvnf; bmrQqufraNymawmhyJ tdrfwHpufNrdwftpGefwGif qGJcsdwfxm;ovdk 0if;0if;0gaeaom vrif;udk arQmfai;Munhfaeonf/ udk;em&DcGJ aomtcgrS tomav; xum aEGUudk Ncifaxmifcsay;avonf/ xkdUaemuf wkd;wkd;av;aNymonf/ ]udk;em&DcGJNyefNyD aEGa&? b0opfukdif;av;udk MuGufrnf;av;u udkufaeNyefNyD} rdk;onf olUtdyf&mokdUoGm;NyD; vJavsmif;vdkufonf/ rdi,fav; onf olUtarudk vSrf;cGonf/ orD;i,f\yg;Nyifukd zGzGav; erf; vdkuf&if; qHyifaysmhav;rsm;udk zGupm;aerdonf/ xkdUaemuf om;


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

i,fESihf orD;i,fonfvnf; olUtwGuf ysm;&nfpufuav;rsm;yg vm;[k awG;&if; wpdrhfpdrfhMunfhaerdavonf/ xkdpOfwGif ckeu tdyfaysmf[efaqmifae&pfaom aEGonf cyfwkd;wkd;vSrf;aNymav onf/ ]tJ'D opfudkif;av;rSm ysm;&nfom rubl;/ cgcsOfvnf;&Sdw,f qdkwm awmfpwGdKif;rawG;rdbl; xifw,frkd;a&? b0qkdwm ysm;&nf csnf; vsuf&wmrSr[kwfbJ? wpfcgwav cgcsOfvnf; udkufao; w,f} ]bm&,f aEG&,f} aEGonf olUvufarmif;ay:wGif olacgif;tHk;&if; rkd;ukd ai;ai; av; Munhfaeavonf/ ZmNcifaxmifav;u navpdrf;wGif vIyf&Sm; aeoNzihf wpfOD;rsufeSmukdwpfOD; oJoJuGJuJG rNrif&acs/ rdk;onf aEGudk pl;pdkufMunhf&if; aEG ,Jh,Jhav;NyHk;aeonf[k xifrdonf/ ]auoDhupd öaMumihf nDaxG;eJU aEGeJU aqmfMu wD;MuwmwkdU? aemufNyD; rdk; aEGUudk xm;cJhwkef;u aEGwpfa,mufwnf; a,mifcsm csmusef&pfwmwkdU[m ysm;&nfrS r[kwfbJ rkd;&,f? cgcsOfudkufwmyg? aemufNyD; aemufNyD; aEGUb0rSm tkd vlwkdif;&JUb0rSm cgcsOfudkufcH& wmav;awG trsm;MuD; &SdMuOD;rSmayhg}

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

][,f aEG eifhvufukd cgcsOfudkufoGm;wmvm;} ][kwfbl; [kwfbl; ysm;vm; bmaumifvm; rodbl;? tm wu,f emw,f} aEGonf olUvufcHkukd yg;pyfESihfiHkvdkufonf/ 0if;rSnhfaeaom yifrSnho f D;udk vkdcsifaZmESihf vSrf;cl;vdkufpOf olUvufylceJNzpfoGm; NyD; ydwkef;vkdvkd ysm;vdkvdk taumifav;ysHxGufoGm;onf/ yifrSnhfoD; ab;wGif&Sd yifrSnhfyGihfNzLNzLum;um;MuD;wGif 0ifckdNyD; 0wf&nfpkyfae &mrS aEG\ vufudk &efolrSwfNyD; udkufoGm;Nci;fNzpf[efwlonf/ ]xHk;okwfvdkuf aEG? aeOD; aeOD; ig,lay;r,f} udkvwfonf tdrfbufodkU aNy;xGufoGm;onf/ wppfppfemNyD; zl;vmaom vufukd iHkpkyf&if; aEGonf yifrSnhfpifatmufwGif usefcJh onf/ OD;av;pdef prf;NyD;pdkufysdK;xm;aom pifNzpfonf/ tefu,vf a*smfeDwkdUtdrfu toD;awGvdk tvkH;MuD;MuD; vSvSMuD;rsm; 0if;ae atmifoD;wwfonf/ ]a&mh a&mh NrefNrefokwfvdkuf/ eifuvnf; MunhfNyD;rS cl;a&mayhg}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

OD;av;pdef\ uGrf;tpfxJrS xHk;wpfaumf aumf,lvdkufNyD; taNy; tvTm;Nyefa&mufvmaom udkvwfu aNymavonf/ aEGUvufukd qGJ ,lNyD; xHk;yHkay;vdkufonf/ aEGu olUvufukad vESihfwzl;zl;rIwf aerd onf/ 'Dwpfcg udkufoGm;aom taumifonf bmaumifvnf; rodacs/ cgwkdif; ysm;wkyfcHaomfvnf; 'Dwpfcgavmuf remzl;acs/ ]udkvwfwkdU atmifpm&if;awG xGufawmhr,faemf} ]at; wpfywfavmufae&if xGufr,fwJh} ]atmif&if udkvwf b,foGm;rvJ} ]igvm; ydkufqw H wfEkdif&ifayhg? pdkufysdK;a&; wuúodkvw f ufcsif w,f} ]aumif;w,f} udkvwfonf yifrSnhfoD; oHk;av;vHk;cl;vkdufNyD; aEGUudk vSrf;ay; onf/ udkvwf\ ukd,frS aNrMuD;eHUudk &I&dIufrdonf/ aNrMuD;udk xm0pOfaygif;oif wl;qGcJh&aom udkvwfonf aNray:wGif MuHUckdif awmifhwif;pGmESihf ckdifckdifrmrm &yfwnfaeNyDNzpfonf/ olUukd,f wGifvnf; aNreHpGJaeNyDNzpfonf/ ]rdk;a&m atmifrvm; rodbl;} rdk;udk atmifapcsif? awmfapcsifvGef;aomaMumifh ararwkdU onf &efukefausmif;oGm;xm;Ncif;Nzpfonf/ ararwkdU&ifcGifrS wpf


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

ESpfcGJcGmoGm;&aom rdk;onf rdb&ifcGifxuf aysmfp&maumif;aom &ifcGifopfudk awGU&SdoGm;avonf/ wef;Nrifhpmar;yGJ atmifNyD; Nyeft vm? wuúodkvf0ifwef;yif rwuf&ao;/ cspfolaemufokdU aumuf aumufygatmif vkdufoGm;cJhavonf/ ]rkd; odyfqkd;wmyJ} udkvwfu rausEkdif rcsrf;EkdifaNymavonf/ aEGonf udkvwf udk armhMunhf&if; udkvwf\ rsufeSmESihfrsufvHk;wGif xif[yfaernfh twGif;pdwfudk rSef;Munhfaerdonf/ ]trSefqkd&if 'DESpf olvnf; q,fwef;atmif&rSm} ]a,muFsm;wpfzufeJU atmifyhgrvm;[} aEGonf yifhoufav; omom&dIufvdkuf&if; olUvufxJrSyifrSnhf 0if;0if;0g0gMuD;udk vufacsmif;av;rsm;ESihf yGwfoyfaerdonf/ rkd;udk owd&aompdwfESihf rsuf&nfav; rodrom0Jvmonf/ rdk;om&SdvQif aEGUvufxJrS yifrSnhfoD;udk qwfueJ qGJvkumOD;atmif azmufpm; ypfrnfxifonf/ yifrSnhfoD;udk vufzaemihfESpfckMum;wGif xm;NyD; wtm;nSpf aomtcg azmufceJaygufoGm;onf/ csdKNraom t&nfrsm; ,dkpdrfhus vmoNzihf aEGonf uref;uwef; ESpfNcrf;cGJvdkufonf/ taphNyGrf; aomtom;0g0grsm;onf 0if;NyD;t&nf&TJaeonf aEGonf udkvwf


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

udk wpfNcrf;vSrf;ay;vkdufonf/ taphwGJ&GJygaom t&nftdwfav; rsm;udk wpfazmufazmuf 0g;pm;&if NidrfoufpGm ai;aerdavonf/ ]nDaxG;a&m rvmbl;vm;rodbl;} ]nDaxG;u wpfrsdK;yJ? ausmif;rSmvnf; aumfirav;awGudk vdkufpaewmyJ? aumifrav;awGuvnf; nDaxG;qkd&if tm;MuD;pdwf 0ifpm;w,f? rsufvHk;awG axmifhuyfNyD; MunhfaeMuwm} udkvwfonf EIwfcrf;av;rJhum aNymaeaom aEGUudkMunhf&if; [uf[ufyufyuf &,favonf/ udkvwfonf pum;en;fum at; aq;oavmuf nDaxGwpfa,mufonfum; EIwfvQmoGufonf/ azmfa&Gonf/ udkvwfonf oli,fcsif;rdwfaqG rsm;rsm;r&Sday/ &SdorQ oli,fcsif;rsm;ukdvnf; vdIufvdIufvSJvSJcifwwfonf/ nDaxG;onf um; oGm;av&m EIwfqufrukefatmif todtuRrf; aygvSonf/ ]eifvnf; aemufus&if wpfa,mufwnf; avQmufroGm;eJUawmh rdaEG? eifhudk,feifvnf; NyefMunhfOD;? *g0efav;eJU csmwdwfrav; r[kwfawmhbl;} ukdvwfuaNymaomtcg aEGU&ifxJwGif odrfhceJ vIyf&Sm;oGm; avonf/ a&wGif;xJwGif olUt&dyfudk oliHkUí Munhfrdonf/ tysdK abmf0ifp tvSyef;yGihfaeaom rsufeSm Ekeki,fi,fav;onf a&wGif; xJwGif t&dyfxifvsuf&Sdonf/ uspfqHNrD;ESpfoG,fonf wpf&dyf &dyfvIyf&Sm;aeaom a&NyifwGif ,rf;cgaeMuovkd &Sdonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

aEGyefxm;aom csOfaygifyef; eDeDtyGihfum;um;MuD;onf aEGUrsufeSm ESihf,SOfum tvScsif;NydKifae[ef&Sdonf/ ]aEGa&m? MuD;vm&if bmvkyfcsifovJ} ]aEGvm;? Opfyifpdkufcsifw,f? tJ pdkufcsifw,f qkdwmxuf opfyifawGMum;xJrSm aecsifw,f} aEGonf olUt&dyfudk oliHkUMunhf&i;f cyfwkd;wdk;aNymonf/ aumif;uifrS wdrfawmifwdrfvdyfrsm;onf a&xJwGif t&dyfxifaeMu onf/ aumif;uifNymonf ydkí NymaeNyD; wdrfvdyfNzLNzLonfvnf; ydk íyif NzLazG;el;nHhae[ef&Sdavonf/ ]vlqdkwJh opfyifav;awGudk a0qmvmatmif yef;awGyGifhNyD; arT;vmatmif vkyfygvm;} ]vlopfyif} aEGonf rsufarSmifav;csDum ar;vdkufrdonf/ xdktcg udkvwf onf tkd;wdk;trf;wrf;NzpfoGm;NyD;rS w[m;[m; &,favonf/ ][m; [m; igu uAsmrqefwwfyJ qefvdkufwm cGusoGm; w,f [m; [m; igaNymwmu q&mrvkyfzdkU aNymwm? uav;awGudk pmoifwJh q&mr} ]aNomf q&mr}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

aEGU&ifxJwGif aEG;ueJNzpfoGm;onf/ ausmif;acgif;avmif;oH nHnHpDpDESihf uav;wkdU\ npmtHoHudk Mum;vdkuf&ovdk &Sdonf/ b0 yef;O,smOfrSO,sOfrI;\b0udk aNy;NyD; cHpm;Munhfvdkufrdav onf/ ]iguawmh aNrMuD;eJUvkyfpm;&r,hf aumifyJ? 'DaNcH 'DaNrMuD;xJrSm ig tNrJ&Sdae&rSmyJ? eifwkdUawG MuD;vmawmh tvkyfawG tudkifawGeJU wpfNrdKUwpf&Gmudk a&mufoGm;MurSm? eifwkdUawGu om;awG orD;awG eJU a&mufvmMu? [m; [m; 'dkUoli,fcsif; av;a,mufMuD;rS 'DNcH xJrSm NyefqHkrdMu&if pdwfxJrSm b,fvdkcHpm;Mu&rvJ rodbl;aemf} ]rkd;a&mvm;} ]at;ayhg? 'dkUav;a,mufpvHk;av} udkvwfonf a&wGif;abmifudk rSD&if; cyfvSrf;vSrf;rS &Hk;ywDcif; udkvSrf;arQmfMunhfaeonf/ &Hk;ywDcif;ab;&Sd wkdifaxmifyJpifonf aumif;uifodkU vkNyD;wufae[ef&Sdonf/ c&rf;azsmhazsmhtyGifh av;rsm;ESihf toD;&Snfpdrf;pdrf;rsm;onf a&maxG;aeMuonf/ oD;&if;? yGihf&if;ESihf toD;tm;aumif;vSaomaMumihf cl;rekdifatmif &Sdonf/ udk,hftvkyf udk,fhtukdifESihf wpftdk;wpftdrfwnfum om;orD; rsm;udkyg xnhfawG;rdaomtcg wnfNidrfaewwfaom udkvwf\ rsufESmonf NyHk;vmavonf/ rsufvHk;rsm;uvn;f ta&mifawmuf yvmum &,farmvmMuonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]igu awmom;MuD; NzpfaerSmayhg/ eifwkdUu uav;awG wGJavmif;eJU vmMua&m [m; [m;/ igu wtHhwNoNzpfae&rSmayhg av? atmifrm 'gb,folUom;vJ? olUtareJUwlvkdufwm? [m olu awmh olUta':eJUwlwm[? atmifrav; om;awG orD;awGawmif MuD;vSNyDvdkU aNym&rSm xifw,f}

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]atmifrm 'gb,folUom;vJ? olUtareJUwlvkdufwm? rdk;om; r[kwfvm;? [m oluawmh rdaEGeJUwlwm[? atmifrav; om;awG orD;awGawmif MuD;vSNyDvdkU aNym&rSm xifw,f} ukdvwf\ toHudkMum;&onf/ aEGonf Nywif;aygufudk NzKef;ceJzGihfum NcHxJokdU arSsmfMunhfvdkufonf/ aEGUab;wGif tdyfae aom uav;ESpfOD;onf b,ftcsdefuekd;NyD; NcHxJqif;oGm;Muonf rod&acs/ azazpdkufxm;aom yef;csOfaygifcif;MuD;ab;wGif ckef aygufaqmhupm;aeMuavon/f rdi,f\vufxJwGif csOfaygifyGihf NzLum;um;MuD;udk awGU&onf/ uav;[lonfrSm wu,fhudk yef;uav;rsm;ESihfwlvSonf/ raeUwkef;u av,mOfvl;aom'PfESihf atmhtefrl;a0aeMuonf/ &EfukefESihf ykodrfc&D;onf em&D0ufomMumonf/ c&D;wkdaomaMumihfvnf; av,mOfudk NrihfNrihfrysHwufbJ tedrfh wGif ysHavh&SdaomaMumifh vl;NyD; ,rf;cgaewwfonf/ tcsdefrrSef


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

rxGufNzpfaomaMumifh av,mOfuGif;wGif tMumMuD; apmihfae&NyD;rS pD;&onf/ av,mOfay:a&mufaomtcg vlonf eHk;NyD;yef;umEGrf; aeNyDNzpfonf/ nutapmMuD; tdyfaomfvnf; tdyfraysmfbJ av,mOf tNidrfhpD;ae&ovdkNzpfaeon/f uav;rsm;onfum; c&D; yef;yef;ESihf wHk;eif;oa&m tdyfaysmfoGm;Muavonf/ ekd;vmaom tcg rl;a0Ncif;aysmufNyD;a&xdaom yef;av;rsm;yrm vef;qef;ae Muavonf/ ]a[; udkvwf} uav;ESpfOD;udk pdkufMunhfaeaom udkvwfonf qwfceJNzpf oGm;onf/ aEGonf Nywif;aygufrS udk,fwpfykdif;xGufum udkvwf udk vufa0SU,rf;Ny Nzpfavonf/ ]udkvwfa&} rxHk;aESmif rzGJUpnf;&ao;oNzihf zm;zm;a0aeaom aEGUqHyif aysmhaysmhav;rsm;onf axG;axG;tdtd usaeonf/ eHeufcif;\ aea&mifNcnf EkekatmufwGif aEGUrsufESmav;onf &TifcsdKvef;qef; aeonf/ ]a[; aEG rdaEG} udkvwfu 0rf;omtm;& atmfumEIwfqufvdkufonf/ aEGonf &Tifvef;pGm &,farm&if; udkvwfukd vufNyum Nywif;aygufwGif wpfykdif;xGufaeaom udk,fuav;udk &kwfceJ tcef;xJNyefoGif;


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

vkdufonf/ xkdUaemuf rsufESmyif ropftm;? tcef;xJrSaNy;xGufum tdrfa&SUcef;odkiU oGufoGufuav; avQmufvmrdavonf/ tdrfa&SUavSum;rS aNcvSrf;usJMuD;rsm;ESihf udkvwfuvnf; atmfNyD; ar;vmonf/

wufvmaom

]aEG eifwpfa,mufwnf;vm;? rdk;a&m rdk;rygbl;vm;} aEGU&ifxJrSm usifueJ NzpfoGm;NyD; trnfrazmfwwfaom a0'em wpf&yfudk cHpm;vdkuf&ovkd &Sdonf/ oGufoGufav; vSrf;aeaom aNcvSrf;onf &yfoGm;NyD; udkvwfukd idkrvdk NyHk;rvdk rsufESmxm;av; ESihf Munhfaerdavonf/ ]rdk; rygvmbl;vm; rdaEG&} ]rdk;vm; rdk;u NrpfMuD;em;udk vdkufoGm;w,f} ][muGm 'kdUrm;qDawmh vdkufrvnfbl;} udkvwfu pdwfysufoGm;ovdkaNymonf/ aEGonf udkvwf\ rsufvHk;tdrftwGif;ü 0rf;enf;rIESihf aMuuGJrIukd pl;pkdufNyD; &SmazGMunhf rdavonf/ udkvwf\ rsufvHk;rsm;rS wpfqihf olU&ifwGif;udk vSrf; arQmfNyD; Munhf&efMudk;yrf;rdonf/ ]rkd;vm; rdk;udkawmh aNymraeeJU armifvwfa&? olUa,muFsm;udk ol aoravmuf cspfwm}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

{nhfcef;xJ0ifvmaom araru em;pGefem;zsm;ESihf 0ifaNymonf/ toufig;q,fausmfNyD Nzpfaomfvnf; araronf t&G,fwifqJ? ekysdKqJyif Nzpfonf/ araronf rkd;vdk rsufvHk;0dkif;um aEGUvdkyif yg;csdKihfav; a&;a&;ygavonf/ udkvwfonf ukvm;xkdifay:odkU xkdifcsvdkufonf/ aEGonf udkvwfudk ai;Munhf&if; udkvwf\ vIyf&Sm;rIonf aES;auG;av; uefoGm;onf[k xifvdkufrdavonf/ ]rdaEG eifuawmh t&ifwkef;u twkdif;yJ? ydefvnf;rydef? 0vJ r0bl;/ 'gayr,fhvSvmovkdyJ} ][m [ vSvmw,fvm;? uJ udkvwf bmpm;csifvJ aNym} ]eif &efukefu ygvmorQ xkwfav? auR;aygh[ tukef pm;rSmayhg} udkvwfu &if;eSD;yGihfvi;fpGm aNymavonf/ &kwfw&wf a0oGm; aom aEGUpdwfuav;onfvnf; NyefvnfMunfvifoGm;avonf/ rsufESmropf? oGm;rwkduf&ao;onfudk owd&oNzihf tdrfxJodkU Nyef0ifvmcJhonf/ rsufESmudk tvsifpvdkopfNyD; aEGonf oeyfcg;udk oGufoGuf av;vdrf;vdkufrdonf/ e*dkNzLaom aEGUtom;onf oeyfcg;0g0g wifvdkufaomtcg 0if;oGm;onf/ yg;NyifwGif oeyfcg;yHkum


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

oGm;yGwfwHekekav;ESihf NcpfqGJvdkufonf/ rsufcHk;av;udkvnf; xif; oGm;atmif oeyfcg;aNcmufzsm; Ncpfxkwfvdkufonf/ zm;zm;a0aom qHyifrsm;udkum; zJMudK;teufuav;ESifh pkcsnf vdkufonf/ olUudk,fol ai;Munhfaerdavonf/ xkdUaemuf olUt&dyf ol rsufpdwpfzufrSdwfNyNyD; vQmxkwfNyvdkufrdonf/ ]a':av;a& tJ'DvlMud;u b,folvJ} tcef;xJ0ifvmaom zdk;atmifu ar;avonf/ zdk;atmif\aemufwGif rdi,fav;udkawGU&onf/ olUacgif;ay: wGif pGihfpGihfum;aom csOfaygifyef;MuD;udk uvpfESihfnSyfum yefqif xm;onf/ qHyifuyg;aysmhNyD; yef;u MuD;oNzihf csOfaygifyef;MuD; onf NyKwfusawmhrvdk wvIyfvIyfNzpfaeavonf/ ‘tJ'DvlMuD;uvm; a':av;wkdU ararwdkU&JU oli,fcsif;aygh} ][if a':av;wkdUrSm oli,fcsif;awGrS trsm;MuD;} ][kwfo,faemf? wi,fcsif;}

[dknDnDaxG;qkdwJh

vlMuD;uvJ

arharh

rdi,fav;onf aNym&if;qkd&if; rSefwifcH&k Sd rSefudk aNczsm; axmufNyD; Munhfaeavonf/ ol yef;yefxm;onfrSm aumif; raumif;? vSrvS odvdk[ef&Sdonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]uJ vmMu? rdi,feJUzdk;atmifudk OD;OD;topfeJU rdwfqufay;& OD;r,f/ a':av;&,f? arar&,f? OD;OD;nD&,f? tckawGUr,fh OD;OD; vwf&,f[m i,fi,fav;xJu twlwl upm;aeus odvm;} ]wrD;wkdU t&G,fuwJuvm;} ]'gayhg? orD;wkdUt&G,fav; i,fav;uwnf;u cifwm}

uwnf;u pNyD; odwm? i,f

aEGonf uav;ESpfOD;udk wpfa,mufwpfzufpDqGJum ac: vmcJhonf/ rdi,fav;onf vufwGJrcHcsif[efESihf olUvufukd rod romav; &kef;aeonf/ aEGwkdU i,fpOfuvn;f araru vufwGJ ac:wkdif; arharhvufudk qGJNzKwfum a&SUrSausmNyD; aNy;avh&Sdav onf/ bmaMumihf&,fawmhrod? Uav;rms;onf vlMuD;wpfOD;OD;u olUvufukd qkyfukdifxm;onfudk rESpfNrdkUay/ ukd,fi,fpOfb0u vufwGJonfudk rMudKufaomfvnf; MuD;vmaomtcg vufwGJrcHcsif aomuav;udk pdwfwdkwwfonfrSm vlMuD;\tusihfyif Nzpf[efwl onf/ ]rdk;uvnf; arG;wwfvdkufwm[m MunhfygOD;? tMuD;av;u vnf; oleJUwlkvdufwm? ti,fav;uvJ aEGi,fwkef;u &kyfeJU wpfyHk xJyJ/ igav olwkdUESpfa,mufudk Munf&if; ighudk,figawmif csmwdwfb0 a7mufoGm;vm; atmufarh&w,f} udkvwfonf rdi,fudk vufESpfzufqefUwef;um ac:onf/ rdi,fav;onf ukvm;xkdifvufwef;av;udk rSDwG,f&if; udkvwfukd


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

cyfpdrf;pdrf; pkdufMunhfaeonf/ olUacgif;rS yef;yGifhvSvSMuD;NyKwf usoGm;rnfudk pdk;aomaMumifh acgif;uav;udk rwfrwfckdifcdkifESihf owdxm;NyD; &yfaeavonf/ ]uJ olrvm&if csmwdwfvmygOD;uGm? OD;OD;u rkefUawGauR;r,f [kwfvm;? tm;yg; MuD;vSNyDyJuG,f? olwkdUudk rawGU&wm oHk;ESpf avmuf&Sda&mhr,f/ MuD;vmvdkufwm? olwkdUav;awGudk NrifawmhrS ig wkdUawG toufMuD;vmwmukd NywfNywfom;om; owd&w,f/ uJ aNymygOD; csmwdwf&,f? OD;OD;udk rSwfrd&JUvm;? rif;emrnf b,fvdk ac:ovJ[if} ]udkudkatmif} ]tm; udkukdatmifwJhvm;? OD;OD;emrnfuawmh udkukdvwfwJh? rSwfxm;aemf} ukdvwfonf zkd;atmifudk qGJzufum w&if;wEDS; aNymonf/ zdk;atmifonf udkvwf\rsufeSmudk pdkufMunhf&if; rsufarSmifav; rodrom MuKwfaeonf/ aEGonf zdk;atmifudk odkif;zufxm;aom udkvwfudk cyfai;ai; av;Munhf&if; olUESvHk;ckefoHonf twefi,f us,fvmoa,mif cHpm;&onf/ tu,fíom udkvwfom ukdvwfom rdk;ESihf&cJhMuvQif zdk;atmifav;onf udkvwf\om; Nzpfayvdrfhrnf/ rdi,fav;onf vnf; udkvwf\orD;Nzpfayvdrhfrnf/ xdktaMumif;rsm;udk awG;rd wkdif; aEGUacgif;xJwGif a0NyD;rdIif;oGm;wwfonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]a[h rdaEG bmai;aewmvJ? igaNymwm rMum;bl;vm;} ][if bmaNymwmvJ} aEGonf qwfceJwkefoGm;onf/ vGwfxGufoGm;aom pdwftpOf ukd tvsiftNrefvdkufzrf;&if; udkvwfudk rsufvHk;av; t0dkif;om; ESihf Munhfrdonf/ ukdvwfbmawG aNymaeoenf;/ aEGvHk;0rod vkduf? rMum;vdkufrdacs/ ]armifvwfu ar;aewm? orD;a&m ausmif;ydwfvdkUvm;wJh? 'DrSm b,favmuf Mumatmif aerSmvJwJh} araronf aEGUtcuftcJudk ulnD[efESihfMum;rS 0ifaNymay;&if; &,faeavonf/ wGefUqkwfqkwf Nzpfaeaom rdi,fav;onf aEGU ukvm;xkdifwGifyif usyfusyfoyfoyf 0ifxkdifonf/ yef;NyKwfusrSm pdk;NyD; Zufckdifxm;&aom olU'kuonfvnf; rao;i,fvSacs/ yef;NrifvQif t&l;trl;MudKufwwfaom pdwfuav;uvnf; aEGESihf wax&mwnf; wlavonf/ ]aEGvm; ausmif;ydwfvdkU vmwmayhg/ 'DrSm wpfvavmufawmh MumrSmayhg udkvwf&,f} ]aysmfp&mMuD;ygvm;[? nDaxG;ygvm&if odyfaumif;rSm} ]nDaxG;wpfa,muf vufusdK;ao;w,fav}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]at; olUqDu pm&w,f? uHaumif;vkdUraowJh oHacsmif;wkdU tazNzpfaewmayhg} ]ukdvwfwdkUuawmh pm tquftoG,frNywfMubl;aemf} ]at; tNrJpma&;aewmyJ} ]aEGeJUusawmh tckrS Nyefac:wm} ]eifwkdUuawmh acG;vdkudkufaeusawGyJ? aemufNyD; wu,fvnf; NywfEdkifwmvJ r[kwf} ]nDaxG; vmOD;r,fwJh? olUaq;cGifhraphcif udkvwfqD vmOD; r,fvdkU aNymw,f} ]aEGeJU wcgwnf; vdkufvm&if NyD;a&m} ]aemufrS vdkufcJhr,faNymwmyJ} aEGonf olUacgif;rSNyKwfusoGm;aom py,fcufav;udk ukef; aumufvkdufNyD; vufxJwGif vSnfhupm;aerdonf/ tyifay:wGif yGihf&aomyef;uav;rsm;uJhokdU rvef;qef;acs/ twefi,faysmhaom yGihfzwfav;rsm;onf cyfidkufikduf pdkufusaeMuavonf/ pdrf;Nraom t&Gufav;ESpf&Gufonfum; EGrf;aysmhaysmhtyGihfav; oHk;yGihfudk atmufbufrSulNyD; az;rxm;Mu[ef &Sdonf/ ]nDaxG;vn;f wpfcgwn;fudk vlMuD;vHk;vHk;NzpfoGm;NyD/ oleJU NyefawGUwkef;u olUudkMunhf&if; [dkt&ifwkef;u nDaxG;udk Nrifvkduf?


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

NzKef;ceJ vuf&SdnDaxG;udk NrifvkdufeJU aEGUpdwfxJrSm [dka&muf 'Da&muf armaewmyJ} udkvwfonf aEGUukdMunhfum [uf[ufyufyuf &,favonf/ arar vmcsay;aom aumufnSif;aygif; yef;uefukd NrifaomtcgrS t&,f&yfawmhonf/ taiGUwaxmif;axmif; xGufaeaom aumufnSif;icsdwfaygif; onf eSrf;axmif;eHUav; arT;aeonf/ tkef;oD;aygaom t&yfNzpfo Nzihf tkef;oD;EkdifEkdif NzL;xm;aomaMumifh Nrif&HkESihfoGm;&nfusp&m aumif;vSonf/qmae[ef&Sdaom udkvwfonf aumufnSif;aygif; wpfvkwfpmudk vufwH&SnfESihf vSrf;EdIufvdkufNyD; cyfavmavmav; pm;vkdufonf/ xkdUaemuf wpfcsufcsif; nufnuf 0g;ae&if; NyHk;ae avonf/ ]igvJ tck eihfukdMunhfae&if; &kyf&SifMunhfae&ovdkyJ? i,fi,f av;Nrifvkduf? tckt&G,ftwkdif; NrifvdkufeJU rsufpdudk renf;yGwf Munhfae&w,f} ]aEG MuD;ygNyD udkvwf&,f} aEGu wkd;wkd;av;aNymonf/ aEGUab;wGif rdi,fav;u,SOfNyD; xkdifaeonfhtwGufvn;f udkvwf\pdwfonf ukefvGefcJhaom tcsdef umvrsm;qDokdU aNy;vTm;aeMu[ef &Sdavonf/ ukdvwfukd wcsdef vHk; pl;pl;pkdufpkdufMunhfaeaom rdi,fav;onf aEGUvufudk &kwfw


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

&uf qGJcgvkdufonf/ xkdUaemuf aEGUem;wGif uyfum udkvwfrMum; atmif wkd;wkd;av;aNymonf/ ]wrD; wwd&yD wdyD? tJ'DOD;OD;udkav wrD; "mwfyHkxJrSm Nrifzl; w,fav} ]b,f"mwfyHkxJrSmvJ} aEGuvnf; rdi,fudk zufum wkd;wkd;av;Nyefar;rdonf/ rdi,f onf udkvwfudk apGMunhfonf/ ][dkav ararh"mwfy HkcsmtkyfxJrSmav av;a,muf? araru aMumw,f? tJ'garareJU a':av;eJU wi,fcsif; ESpfa,mufwJhav? a':av;u tyifMuD;awGudkifxm;w,fav? bmyef;MuD;vJawmh wrD; rwdbl;? &efukefrSmawGUwJh OD;OD;vJygw,f? tck OD;OD;vJ ygw,fav} rdi,fav;u ta&;wMuD; rsufESmav;ESihf aNymavonf/ olUpdwfxJwif &IyfaxG;aeonfudk tpazmfí &oGm;oNzihf auseyfae [efvnf; &Sdonf/ aEGonf rdi,fav;\ vufacsmif;oG,foG,f av;rsm;udk nSpfudkifvdkuf&if; twdwfumvqDodkU 0JysHoGm;aom pdwf vdyfNymav;udk vTwfay;vdkufonf/ xdkpOfu udkvwfu nmbuftpGef;? xkdUaemuf aEG? NyD;awmhrdk; b,fbuftpGGef;wGif nDaxG; &yfNzpfonfudk rSwfrdonf/ aumif; uifNyifonf c&rf;a&mifaNy;aeum wdrfwkdufNzL0grsm;u avESif


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

&mokdU wtdtda&GUvsm;aeonf/ uefoHk;qifhrS a&Nyifus,fonfyif c&rf;a&mifazsmhazsmhav; &dyf&dyfaNy;aeavonf/

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

aumif;uifNyifonf c&rf;a&mifaNy;aeum wdrfwkdufNzL0grsm; u avESif&mokdU wtdtda&GUvsm;aeonf/ uefoHk;qifhrS a&Nyifus,f onfyif c&rf;a&mifazsmhazsmhav; &dyf&dyfaNy;aeavonf/ ]nDaxG;&,f eifu &dkufwwfvdkUvm;? [kwfrSvnf; vkyfprf;yg [,f} ]txifao;vdkufwm vGefa&m} nDaxG;u rausreyf aNymavonf/ uifr&mav; wcsdefcsdefESihf &IarSsmfcif;aumif;aom ae&mudk a&G;cs,faeonf/ aEGonf uifr&m xJwGif zvifvdyfrygbJ olwkdUudk taNcmufwkduf t&l;vkyfrnfudk pdk; &drfaerdonf/ "mwfyHk&dkuf&rnfqkdaomaMumifh rkd;a&m aEGyg rodromav; pdwfvIyf&Sm;aeonf/ a*smf*suftusF DteDav;rsm; tNzLcHay:wGif ESif;qDyGihfusJusJav;rsm; &dkufxm;aom wlw,fvHkcsnfudk qifwl 0wfxm;onf/ xkdUaemuf rkd;onf&Snfvsm;wkwfckdifaom uspfqHNrD; ESpfoG,\ f t&if;wif zJMudK;teDav;rsm;pnf;xm;avonf/ aEGurl


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

qHyift&Snfxm;pNzpfoNzihf qHyifaysmhaysmhav;rsm;udk tm;vHk;yif pkí rodrf;Ekdifao;cs/ vHkcsnf? tusF Dqifwl0wfxm;Muaomfvnf; t&G,f\ tvSaMumihf rkd;onf xif&Sm;aeonf/ 0if;yaeonf/ aEGurl ydefvsm; azsmhawmhpGmESihf ryGihfao;aom yef;zl;av;yrm rSdef azsmhaeavonf/ ]rdaEG? eif [dkwHwm;xdyfrSm om;&yfMunhf} nDaxG;u trdefUay;aomtcg aEGonf wHwm;xdyfwGifoGm;í &yfaeavonf/ nDaxG;onf olUOD;av;\ uifr&mMuD;udk [efus yefus vG,fxm;aomfvnf; aumif;aumif;uef;uef; &dkufrS&dkuf wwf&JUvm; rodacs/ tvif;a&mif csdefaom ud&d,mav;udk zGihf Munhfvdkuf? uifr&mrSefbDvl;udk vSnhfvdkuf a&TUvdkufESihf wpfa,muf wnf;tvkyf &Iyfaeavonf/ ukdukdvwfonf apmihf&onfudk ysif;vm[efESihf a&pyfokdU qif; oGm;NyD; a&xJwGif w&dyf&dyfaNy;vTm;aeMuaom ig;ovJxdk;tkyf av;rsm;udk Munhfaeonf/ naecif;tcsdefNzpfí ykodrfaumvdyfrS ausmif;olausmif;om;av;rsm;onf uefaygifudk ywfNyD; vrf; avQmufaeMuonf/ okdUaomf tenf;i,fom Nzpfonf/ &efukef wuúodkvrf S tif;vsm;uefvdk vlrpnfum;vSacs/ tif;vsm;uefaygif udk cspfolwdkU 0ifckdMuaomfvnf; ykodrfNrdKU\uefoHk;qihf urf;aNc onf cspfolwkdU cdkvHI&mr[kwfacs/ xkdUaMumifh vJhvJhNymaom uefa& Nyifonf tif;vsm;a&Nyifxufyif oefU&Sif;onf[k toufMuD; vmaomtydkif;wGif udkvwfu rMumcP aNymwwfavonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

uefOD;wGif&Sd anmifyifaNcMuD;rsm;onf pdrf;ndkUaeonf/ pdr;fa0 zm;vsm;aom t&Gufrsm;ESihf 0ef;usifudk tkyfrkd;&ef MudK;pm;aeMu[ef &Sdonf/ ]Mumvdkufwm nDaxG;&m} ]cPav; cPav;} nDaxG;u atmfavonf/ azsmhawmhaom aumif;uifa&mifonf c&rf;a&mif ydkawmufvmavonf/ aEGonf wHwm;vuf&ef;udk ysif; ysif;&d&drSD&if; a&pyfwGif &yfaeaom udkvwfudkiHkUNyD; Munhfaerd onf/ udkvwfab;wGif ]rat;Ncifaxmif} yifav;rsm;udk awGU& onf/ uefa&udk w0MuD; aomufoHk;&NyD; Ekef;aNrtm;aMumihfxif onf/ tyifpdrf;av;rsm;onf tvkt,ufyif tay:okdU xdk;wufNyD; olUxufigNrifh&ef tm;,laeMu[ef &Sdonf/ yif&if;rsm;onf vuf oef;vHk;cefUwkwfonf/ tay:bufrS NrufyGihfrsm;onf um;NyD; Nzma0aeavonf/ ]udkvwfa& rat;Ncifaxmifyif cl;cJhyg} ]rcl;bl;} ]rMuD;us,fygeJUaemf? bmyifyef;vdkUvJ} ]rdaEG? eifuav;rkdUvm;? rat;Ncifaxmifyifukd eifu bmvkyf OD;rSmrkdUvJ}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]tdk rat;Ncifaxmif vkyfrSmayhg} ]aygawmawmeJU tJ'gu Muufacs;wef;wkef;u upm;wm} ]Muufacs;acs;? bJacs;acs;} ]eif tck ckepfwef;atmifcgeD;NyD? rat;Ncifaxmif b,favmuf MuD;? a[m'DavmufMuD;qkdwmrsdK;awG vkyfcsifao;vdkUvm;} ]vkyfcsifao;wmayhg? bmNzpfvJ} ]aygawmawmeJU} udkvwfu axmremNyKaomtc aEGonf&kwfw&wf pdwfwkdoGm; onf/ xkdUaMumihf rsufESmudk tm;ukef&IHUNyD; vQmudkt&SnfMuD; xkwfNy vkdufrdavonf/ xkdpOfwGif nDaxG;onf uifr&mcvkwfudk csufceJ ESdyfcsvdkufum 0rf;omtm;& &,farmvdkufavonf/ ][m; [m; urÇmay:rSm 'Dxufaumif;wJhyHkudk &zdkU rvG,fbl; a[; a[;? [m; rdaEG igtJ'DyHkudk tMuD;MuD;ul;NyD; rSefaygif oGif;ay; r,f} ]acG;nDaxG;? 0ufnDaxG;} aEGonf wpfrsufESmvHk; &J&JeDoGm;NyD; rausreyfav; a&&Gwfae rdonf/ aEG0wfxm;aom a*smf*suftusF Dav;eSifh wlw,fvHkcsnf vSvSav;wkdUuvnf; u,fedkifrnfr[kwfyg/ aEGUcrsm rSifpmu tar ac:&atmifyif t&kyfqkd;aernfrSm usdef;aovSygonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

a&pyfwGif &yfaeaom ukdvwfESihf rdk;uvnf; aEGUudk armhMunhf um [uf[ufyufyuf &,farmaeMuavonf/ aEGonf EIwfrS plyG plyGaNym&if; nDaxG;udk ausmckdif;vdkufonf/ ]aEGa& pdwfraumufeJU rdk;cl;cJhr,faemf} rkd;onf aEGUudk vSrf;aNym&if; rat;Ncifaxmifyifrsm;udk t&if;rS uyfNyD; csdK;,laeonf/ aEGwkdU i,fi,fwkef;uwnf;u upm;aeus upm;enf;Nzpfonf/ Nruf&dk;wHukd tpwpfzufpDrS udkifxm;Mu& onf/ tv,fbufrS cGJaMumif;ay;xm;NyD; tpav;udk pí NzJ xm;\/ wpfa,mufu ]rat;Ncifaxmif b,favmufMuD;} [kar; vdkufvQif ]a[m'DavmufMuD;} [katmfum tpeSpfzufpDrS wpfNydKif eufwnf; qGJNyD;NzJvdkufMuonf/ cGJaMumif;ESpfcku tv,fwGif pkqHk aom Nruf&dk;wHonf Ncifaxmifrkd;ozG,f pwkef&ef;yHk NzpfoGm; avonf/ wpfcgwpf&Hvnf; cGJaMumif;wpfaMumif;eSihf wpfaMumif; rqHkbJ NywfxGufoGm;wwfonf/ ]uJ uJ vmyg? av;a,mufpvHk; &dkufr,f/ udkvwf rdk;vm vmMuyg} nDaxG;onf oHk;acsmif;axmuf ud&d,mav;ay:wGif uifr&m udk wif&if; vSrf;ac:onf/ udkvwfESihf rdk;onf a&pyfrS taNy;t vTm; wufvmMuavonf/ aEGvkdcsifaom rat;Ncifaxmifyifrsm; onf rdk;\vufxJwGif ,drf;EGJU,rf;cg&if; ygvmMuonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

c&rf;a&mif aumif;uifwGif NzLazG;aom AsdKif;wpftkyf ysHoef; oGm;onf/ azG;azG;NzLaom AsdKif;av;rsm;udk aEGonf trSwfrxif vdkufí a&wGufaerdonf/ a&wGufí rNyD;cifyif AsdKif;rsm;onf taemuf,Gef;,Gef;qDokdU edrfhqif;oGm;Muonf/ ]a&mh aEG eifhtyifawG} ukdvwfESihf rkd;onf aEGUab;wGif wpfzufwpfcsuf 0ifí&yf vdkufMuonf/ rkd;vSrf;ay;aom rat;Ncifaxmifyifrsm;udk ayGUydkuf ,lvkdufNyD; aEGonf olUvufudk b,fvdkxm;&rnfenf; pOf;pm;aerd avonf/ Nrufyifrsm;ukdyif ayGUydkufxm;&aumif;avrvm;? tyif rsm;udk aNray:tomcsNyD; vufESpfzuf aemufypf&yf&avrvm;? rpOf;pm;wwfatmif &Sdawmhonf/ ]tm;vHk; &,f'Daemf} nDaxG;u atmfaomtcg aEGonf Nrufyifav;rsm;ukd udkif vsufom;yif uifr&mrSefbDvl;udk rsufeSmxm;wnfwnfESihf pdkuf Munhfrdavonf/ "mwfyHk&dkufpOfwGif yg;csdKIihfav;ay:atmif NyHk;vdkuf rnf/ &,fvdkufrnf awG;xm;aom tawG;av;rsm; Muufaysmuf iSufaysmuf aysmufukefMuavonf/ ]uJ &,f'D} nDaxG;onf atmfwkdrpfwpf cvkwfav;udk eSdyfcJhNyD; aEGwkdU bufodkU tm;ukefaNy;vmonf/ xkdUaemuf awmihfawmihfav;&yfae


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

aom rdk;\ab;wGif 0ifNyD;&yfvkdufonf/ av;OD;pvHk; wrifwnf xm;aom rsufESm? awmihfwif;aom ukd,f[efrsm;ESihf w&SJ&SJNrnf aeaom uifr&mav;udk rsufawmifrcwf pdkufMunhfaeMuavonf/ ]csuf}ceJ NrnfoGm;aom toHav;udk Mum;&rS toufudk w0MuD; &I&IdufvdkufrdMuonf/ ]vSrS vSyghrvm;rodbl;} aEGu pdk;&drfovdk aNymrdavonf/ Nrufyifrsm;udk udkifxm;rd onfhtwGUfESihf rNyHk;rd r&,frdonfhtwGuf ukd,fhudkukd,f usdwfNyD; tNypfwifaerdonf/ ]e*dk&kyfyJ xGufrSmayhg[} ]aEGU e*dk&kyfu vSom;yJ} aEGu qifaNcwufovkd aNymonf/ ]atmifrm eifrvSygbl;? rkd;urS vSwm} nDnDaxG;u aNymonf/ nDnDaxG;u rcsD;usL;pzl; csD;usL; onfhtwGuf rdk;onf [m;ceJ x&,favonf/ qnf;qma&mifwGif yGihfpyef;uav;rsm;vdk eke,faom rkd;\rsufESmav;udk aEGonf tm;usaom pdwfuav;eSihfMunhfrdonf/ nDnDaxG;onf olUpum; udk qufNyD; &Sif;Nyavonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]ararwkdUu aNymw,f[? rkd;u vSw,fwJh? aEGu cspfp&m aumif;w,fwJh? aEGUrsufeSmu csdKcsdKat;at;av;wJh? iguawmh rxifaygif? eif tm;MuD;pGmwmyJ? ararwkdU rodvkdU} ]rpGm&ifaum vSrSmvm;} aEGu pdk;&drfpdwfuav;eSihf ar;aomtcg olwkdUoHk;OD;pvHk; aEGU udkMunhfum tlvdIufoJvdIuf &,farmMuavonf/ xkdUaemuf rkd;u aEGUvufudk nSpfudkifum wkd;wkd;av; aNymonf/ ]aEG&,f &kyfqkd;w,f vSw,fqkdwm owfrSwfcsuf r&Sdygbl;/ pdwfuav; wpfckyJ? aEGUudkvnf; tck &kyfqkd;w,f NrifaewJhvlu wcsdefcsdefus&if [m odyfvSygvm;vdkU NzpfcsifNzpfoGm;rSm/ odyfvS ygvm;qkdwJh vluvnf; rvSygbl;uGmvkdU NzpfcsifNzpfoG;rSmayhg/ b,faNymEdkifrvJ? aEG[m yGihfvif;w,f? NzLpifw,f? rkd; rsufpdxJrSm awmh aEG[m tvSqHk;yJ} ][m; [m; olUnDrrsm; oltrTef;wifaevdkufwm/ tvSqHk;wJh} udkvwfESihf nDaxG;onf NyufvHk;aumif;wpfckudk Mum;vkduf&ol rsm;uJhokdU &,fMuNyefonf/ aEG rcHcsifrSef;? pdwftm;i,frSef; odo Nzihf xkdifikdonftxd aemufaNymifvdk[ef &Sdonf/ aEGonf NyHk;rJhrJhav;ESihf wHwm;ay:rSaeNyD; a&xJudk iHkUMunhfaerd onf/ vdIif;MuufcGyfav;rsm; &kdufcwfaeaom a&NyifwGif aEGUt&dyf onf NywfNywfom;om; xifraeay/ w&dyf&dyfESihf ,drf;xdk;vIyf&Sm;


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

aeonf/ nDaxG;onf aEGUudk rMum;wMum;ESihf rcHcsifatmif xyf aNymaeavonf/ ]t[uf ighrsufpdxJawmh aEG[m rvSqHk;yJ? tm;MuD; tusnf; wefw,f? tusnf;wefaom bJuav;aEG? eifhzifeif prf;Munhfprf; bJNrD;MuD;aygufaeNyDvm; rodbl;} ]nDaxG;aemf} ]eifhudk,feif bJxifNyD; a&xJ ckefrcseJUaemf} ]nDaxG; awmfawmh} aEGonf olUt&dyfudk oliHkUMunhfae&if;rS cyfqwfqwfav; atmfvdkufonf/ aEG a'goNzpfvmatmif rsuf&nf0dkif;vmatmif wrif aNymaerSef;odaomaMumifh a'gorNzpfrdatmif xdef;xm;onf/ rsuf&nfr0dkif;rdatmif wrifNyHk;xm;onf/ ]rvSawmha&m bmNzpfvJ uJ} aEGonf abmufqwfqwfav;aNym&if; uefa&NyifxJokdU ausmufcJav;wpfvHk;udkvTJNyD; ypfxnhfvdkufonf/ aumif;uifa&mif [yfum c&rf;aoG;aNy;aeaom a&NyifwGif 0J*,ufuav;rsm;u t0dkif;t0dkif;xum urf;pyfodkU aNy;vmMuonf/ ]rvSawmh t&kyfqkd;wmayhg[}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

]t&kyfqkd;awmh bmNzpfvJ? b,folU *&kpdkuf&rSmvJ}

rpE´m

tusnf;wefawmh

bmNzpfvJ?

]t&kyfqkd;awmh tusnf;wefawmh eiftysdKNzpf&if eihfukd b,fol MudKufrSmvJ[? MudKufr,fhol r&Sdbl;ayhg} ]MudKufr,hfolr&Sdawmha&m bmNzpfvJ? uJ uJ} ]eif a,muFsm;r&bl;ayhg} ]eihfa,muFsm;MuD; bmvkyfzdkU? rD;zkwfNyD; okyfpm;&rSmvm;} aEGonf rat;Ncifaxmifyifuav;rsm;udk cg,rf;&if; ar;vdkuf rdavonf/ a'gockd; a0vmNyDNzpfaeaom aEGUrsufeSm eDaxG;axG; av;udk Munhf&if; nDaxG;onf t[JueJ &,fvdkufavonf/ wdk;í pygu ausmufcJpmrdawmhrnfNzpfoNzihf acgif;udkukwfum &,foGrf; aoG;avonf/ ]aEGuvnf;[m igu taumif;aNymwm? a,muFsm;qkdwm rdef;rudk &SmauR;rSmayhg[? yifyifyef;tvkyfawGvkyf? aiG&Sm? MudK;pm; tJh'ga,muFsm;tvkyfayhg[? rSwfxm; rdaEG& eif a,muFsm;,lNyD; ZdrfeJU xkdifpm;&HkyJ} olwkdUav;OD; tdrfbufodkU cyfNznf;Nznf; NyefavQmufcJhMuonf/ rat;Ncifaxmif upm;zdkUvn;f wpfzufrS udkifay;rnfh tazmfr&Sdí aEGrupm;&? 'DMum;xJ tusnf;wefonf[k taNymcH&aomaMumifh


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

aEGonf pdwfwkdNyD; tcsOfaygufaeavonf/ xkdUaMumifh nDaxG;udk qwfueJ rsufapmif;xdk;um tai:wl;wl;av; aNymrdonf/ ]aEGUydkufqHeJU aEGpm;ekdifygw,f/ bmvkyfzkdUvJ aEG a,muFsm;,l NyD;&ifav apmihfMunhfae odvm;? tJ'Da,muFsm;MuD;udk rD;zkwfNyD; okyfpm;ypfrSm uJ}

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

aEG rD;zkwfNyD; okyfpm;cH&rSmudkawmh 'dkUwu,f aMumufygw,f/ 'gayrJh aEGUa,muFsm;Nzpfcsifw,f? 'dkU aEGUudk ,lcsifw,f/ 'dkU &nf;pm;awG xm;zl;ygw,f/ 'gayrJh aEGUudkyJ cPcP owd& w,f/ 'dkUawG yg;pyfuzGifhaNymrvkdUyJ aNymvdkUrxGufwmeJU pma&; vdkufwm/ aEG 'Dpmudk &NyD;avmufrS 'kdUykodrfvdkufcJhr,f? aemufNyD; a&SUa&; aqG;aEG;uwmayhg/ nDnDaxG;

aEGonf pm&GufNzLav;udk ai;idkifMunhf&if; rsuf&nf&pf0Jvm avonf/ aEGU&ifxJwGif a'goeSihfrmefrmewkdUu rxMuGMuaomf vnf; 0rf;en;fpdwfu vdIif;xvmonf/ cGihfvTwfekdifwJh wpfaeUus &if eihfudk ig,lr,f[k MuHK;0g;xm;aom nDnDaxG;onf rNrif&aom ae&mrSaeNyD; aEGUudk pdkufMunhfaeovkd cHpm;ae&avonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

aEGonf pmukd aemufwpfacgufxyfzwfNyD; &kwfw&uf tm; aysmhoGm;ovkd wrmyif&if;wGif xkdifcsvdkufrdavonf/ &ifxJwGif wkef[dkufum armyef;aeonf/ ]a':av;& ararhqDu pmvm;} ]r[kwfygbl;uG,f} ]araru om;wkdUqDudkvnf; pmra&;ao;bl;} ]a&;rSmayhguG,f} zdk;atmifav;onf wrmudkif;udk rrDrurf;ESihf ckefNyD;qGJ&ef MudK; yrf;aeonf/ tcgcg ckefaeaomfvn;f wodrfhodrfhnGwfaeaom wrmudkif;udk rdatmifrqGJedkifacs/ NzL0g0g wrmyef;rsm;onf pdrf;Nr aom t&Gufrsm;Mum;xJwGif azG;aeatmif yGihfaeMuonf/ aEGonf pm&Gufuav;udk NyefacgufNyD; acwÅrQ pdkufMunhfaerd onf/ wrmyGihf NzL0g0gav;rsm;u wzGJzGJ aMuGusvmNyD; pm&Guf acgufav;ay: wifaeNyD;rS avQmusoGm;Muonf/ aNymifaeatmif vSnf;xm;aom aNrwvif;ay:wGif wrmyef;yGihfi,fi,fav;rsm; MuJNyefUaeavonf/ ]wdkatmif&JU rdi,fvdkcsifw,f? wdwfvdkcsifwmyJ} rdi,fonf wrmyef;rsm;udk vufndk;wxkd;xdk;eSihf zdk;atmif\ vufudk qGJcgum ylqmaeonf/ zkd;atmifcrsm tm;ukefckefygaomf


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

vnf; wrmudkif;ukd rrDoNzihf pdwfuoduatmufuav; Nzpfae&Sm onf/ aEGUudk rodromav; apmif;Munhfonf/ aEGom tem;wGif r&SdvQif wrmyifay: zufwG,fNyD;wuf&ef pdwful;aeaomaMumifh Nzpf\/ ]a':av; wrD;vdkcsifw,f? yef;vdkcsifw,f} aEGonf xdkif&mrSxum wrmukdif;udk ckefNyD;qGJvdkufonf/ MudKifarT;oif;ysHUaeaom yef;rsm;udk tcufvdkuf csdK;,lvdkufNyD; rdi,f av;udk vSrf;ay;vdkufonf/ rdi,fav;onf oif;ysHUaom yef;rsm;udk tm;&yg;& &dIuferf;&if; aysmf&TifpGm &,farmaeavonf/ ]rdi,fav; bmvdkU&,fwmvJ [if} aEGonf olUzdeyfav;udk olckNyD;opfyif&if;wGif xkdifcsvdkuf onf/ xkdUaemuf rdi,fav;\ rsufeSmudk ai;ai;av; Munhf&if; ar;vdkufrdavonf/ aysmf&TifpGm &,farmaeaom rdi,fav;\ rsufvHk;av;rsm;onf ta&mif&Tef;pdkaeMuonf/ xl;xl;qef;qef; ar;aom aEGUudk wtHhwNo vSrf;Munhf&if; rdi,fonf yef;ckdifav; rsm;udk w,kw, ayGUydkufxm;avonf/ ]wrD;&,fwmvm;? &,fcsifvdkUayhg} ]bmvdkU&,fcsifwmvJuG,f} ]aysmfvdkUayhg}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]bmvdkUaysmfwmvJ[if} ][if wrD; rwdbl;? yef;aoG&vdkU xifw,f} rdi,fav;onf rsufvHk;t0dkif;om;ESihf aNzavonf/ aEGu txl;tqef; ar;vdkufaomaMumihfvnf; ]rdi,f bmaMumihf aysmf& w,f} [laom yk päm\taNzudk olUbmomol pOf;pm;NyD; taNz&Sm ae[ef&Sdavonf/ aysmf&Tifcsrf;aNrUaom b0\wefzdk;udk rdi,f av; odOD;rnfr[kwfacs/ wrmyef;eHUu oif;ysHUysHUarT;aeonf/ aEGonf arT;ysHUysHU&eHUudk &dIuí f &IvdkufNyD; yifpnfukdrSDvdkufonf/ wrmacgufrsm;Mum;rSaeí eDndka&mif wrmap;rsm; pdrfh,dkxGuf vmNyD; cJaeonf/ aEGonf wrmap;aNcmufav;rsm;ukd vufESihf ukwfí cGmae&if; nDaxG;udk owd&aeavonf/ nDaxG;ESihftwl aqmhcJh? upm;cJh? &efNzpfcJh? Niif;ckefcJhonfrsm;rS tpNyKí aEGUyg;udk tekdifhtxufESihf erf;oGm;onftxd uaygufwd uaygufcsm [dka&muf 'Da&mufESihf tawG;NyefUaerdonf/ ]rD;zkwfNyD; okyfpm;cH&rSmudkawmh 'kdUwu,faMumufygw,f/ 'gayrJh aEGUa,muFsm;Nzpfcsifwf? 'dkU aEGUudk ,lcsifw,fwJh bk&m; bk&m;}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

aEGonf cyfwkd;wkd;av; a&&GwfvdkufNyD; ESvHk;aoG;rsm; tckefaES; oGm;ovdk EGrf;armoGm;avonf/ rsufESmuav;uvnf; aoG; qkwfNyD; NzLazsmhoGm;ovdk &Sdavonf/ zdk;atmifESihf rdi,fav;onf wrmyef;cufudk aNrwGufpdkufNyD; yef;yifvkyfwrf; upm;aeMuonf/ yef;yifcGMum;wGif rdi,f\ t0wft&kyfuav;u xkdifaeavonf/ rdi,fonf wrmcufao; ao;av;udk olUt&kyfuav;\ acgif;wGif rwefwq&pfacG yefqif ay;xm;avonf/ ]a[m OD;OD;vmNyD? OD;OD;vwfvmNyD? OD;OD;a& wrD;wkdU wpfyifudk MunhfygOD;? Wpfyifay:rSm vluav;} rdi,fu atmfaomtcgrS aEGonf olUtem;a&mufvmaom udkudkvwfudk owdxm;rdavonf/ wrmyif&if;wGif zdeyfuav;udk zifckxkdif&if; aMumifpDpDai;aeaom aEGUudk Munhf&if; udkvwfonf NyHk;aeavonf/ ]a&mh rdaEG? eifMudKufwJh yef;av;awG} udkvwfonf olUvufxJrS puúLuefawmhav;udk vSrf;ay; onf/ aEGonf w&if;weSD;odaom &eHUoif;oif;av;udk &I&dIufvdkuf &onf/ uefawmhxJwGif aEG i,fpOfuwnf;u cspfcJh&aom av;em&D yef;a&mifpHkuav;rsm;onf aEGUudk cifrif&if;eSD;pGm Munhfae Mu[ef&Sdonf/ oif;ysHUaom &eHUav;udk &I&dIuf&if; aEGU&ifxJwGif at;csrf;vmonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]eif i,fi,fwkef;u 'Dyef;av;awG odyfMudKufwmaemf} ‘udkvwf rSwfrdom;yJ} ]rSwfrdwmayhg[ tcka&m eifMudKufwkef;yJvm;} ]tkd udkvwf&,f? bmvkdU rMudKuf&rSmvJ? MudKufwmayhg} ]rkd;a&m 'Dyef;awG tm;MuD; yefwmyJaemf} ]tif;} ]wpfcgwav ol yefxm;wm udk;&dk;um;,m;eJU vSvJrvSbl;} aEGonf udkvwfukd cyfai;ai;av; armfMunhfaerdavonf/ rkd; taMumif;qkdvQif ukdvwfonf tppt&m&m tao;pdwfrSwfrd aMumif; awG;rdum aEGU&ifxGJwGif rodromav; vIyf&Sm;NyD; a0'em wpf&yf cHpm;ae&ovdk &Sdaeavonf/ e*dku tom;vwfaomfvnf; udkvwfonf NcHorm;? pdkufysdK; a&;orm;yDyD aeavmifNyD; tom;rsm;onf aMu;eDa&mifawmuf aeonf/ rsufcHk;xlxl;? rsufvHk;eufeuf? ay:vGifxif&Sm;aom ESmwH yd&daom EIwfcrf;rsm;ESihf udkvwfonf vlacsmwpfOD;[k rqkdEdkif aomfvnf; a,muFsm;yDyDMunhfaumif;ol wpfOD;Nzpfavonf/ ]udkvwfu rkd;udk odyfcifwmyJaemf}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]cifwmayhg? ihgrSmoli,fcsif; rsm;rsm;rS r&Sdwm/ nDaxG;uom todawG trsm;MuD;} udkvwfonf taygif;toif; enf;enf;om&SdNyD; &SdorQoli,f csif;rsm;udkvnf; oHa,mZOfMuD;onf/ nDaxG;urS aEGwkdUudk ykdcif aomfvnf; rcifaom rcihfwcifNzpfaom taygif;toi;ftrsm;MuD; &Sdavonf/ okdU&mwGif nDaxG;\ b0wpfoufwmwGif olwkdUoHk;OD; om tcspfqHk; oli,fcsif;Nzpfonfudkum; tNiif;yGm;p&mrvdk? tvdkvdk vufcHrdMuavonf/ ]nDaxG;wpfaumif aemufwpfywfavmufae&if vmr,fwJh eif odNyD;NyDvm;} ][kwfvm;} aEGonf a,mifcsmcsmav; aNymvdkufrdonf/ olUvufxJwGif wif;wif;qkyfudkifxm;aom pm&GufacgufNzLNzLav;udkydkí wif;usyf atmif &kwfw&uf qkyfudkifvdkufrdavonf/ ]aEGa&? eifu yef;ryefawmhbl;vm;} ]aEGu bk&m;wifrvm;vdkUyg? udkvwf yefapcsif&if yefr,fav} ]yefyg[m} ukdvwfonf aEGUab;wGif 0ifxkdif&if;aNymavonf/ nae qnf;qm0,f qnf;qma&mifudk aomufoHk;NyD; yGihfvmaom yef;


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

av;rsm;\ &eHUonfarT;ysHUMudKifvdIifaeonf/ aEGU&ifxJwGif odrfh odrfh aEG;oGm;NyD; yef;&eHUav;rsm;udk ESpfNcdkufpGm &Iduferf;vdkufrdonf/ aEGonf yef;av;rsm;udk wpfyGifhcsif; pdkufMunhfaerdonf/ yef;eDudk ra&G;? yef;0gudkrqif? yef;NzLNzLav;rsm;udk wpfyGihfcsif; a&G; xkwfvdkufrdonf/ qnf;qma&mifonf aEGUqHyifaysmhaysmhav;rsm; ay:wGif &SyfwkdufNyD; aNy;vTm;ae[ef&Sdonf/ qHEG,f qHnGefUav;rsm; avwGifvGihfNyD; acgif;av;iHkUum yef;a&G;aeaom aEGUudk udkvwf onf trSwfrxif ai;pdkufNyD; Munhfaeavonf/ ]yef; tNzLav;awGyJ yefr,faemf} aEGonf &kwfw&uf acgif;armfvdkufNyD; udkvwfukd vSrf;aNym vdkufonf/ arwÅm&nfvJhvJh&Tef;aom rsuf0ef;ESpfpHkpnf rxifrSwfyJ qHkqnf;rdMuavonf/ acwÅrQ ai;MunhfaeNyD;rS aEGonf rsufvTmudk zswfceJ csvdkuf onf/ ESvHk;aoG;u cyfNrefNrefwdk;aeum aEGUyg;av;rsm; eDaxG; oGm;avonf/ bmaMumihf&,fawmh rod? aEGonf aw;oDcsif;av; wpfyk'favmufudk wkd;wkd;av; nnf;csifpdwf ay:avonf/ ]tNzLav;yJ yefr,faemf} aEGonf uwkefu,ifav; xyfaNymvdkufNyD; olUqHyif&if;wGif yef;NzLNzLav;rsm;udk yefqifvkdufonf/ xkdpOfwGif aEGUvufxJwGif


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

qkyfudkifxm;aom pm&Gufacgufuav;onf vufxJrS vGwfusoGm; onf/ ]bm pm&Gufav;vJ} ]pm pmyg} ]b,folUqDuvJ} ][dk [dkav nDaxG;qDu} ]atmifrm nDaxG;qDupmawmif ihgukd rNybl;? rdaEGu} ]zwfcsifvdkUvm;} ]at;ayhg} ]zwfcsifvJ zwfMunfhav} udkvwfonf pm&GGufacgufav;udk aumufumzGihfvdkufonf/ aEGonf wrmyif\yifpnfudk awmihfawmifhwif;wif;av; rSDvdkufNyD; toufatmifhxm;vdkufrdavonf/ pmzwfaeaom udkvwfukd Munhf csifaomfvnf; rMunhf&Jacs/ aNymif;vJoGm;aomudkvwf\ rsufeSm udk odcsifaomfvnf; rod&Jacs/ udkvwfqDrS rSwfcsufcsrnfh pum; ukd Mum;csifaomfvnf; rMum;&Jacs/ aEGonf w'dwf'dwf ckefaeaom &ifukd vufzaemihfav;ESihf rodromzd&if; a&SUwnfhwnfhudkpdkuf Munhfaerdavonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

ukdvwfqDrS pum;oHukd awmfawmfESihfrMum;&acs/ yifhouf&dIuf vdkufaom toHudkrl Mum;vkduf&ovdk&Sdonf/ aEGonf em;pGihfxm;rd aomfvnf; wpfcsdefwnf;rSmyif em;udk vufESpfzufESihf tkyfxm;rdcsif ovdk Nzpfaeavonf/ ]aMomf nDaxG;u 'Dvdkudk;? aumif;ygw,f? aumif;ygw,f aEG&,f} twefMumaomftcgrS udkvwfu aNcmufuyfaom toHESihfaNym avonf/ aEGonf ukdvwfukd zswfceJ vSrf;Munhfvdkufrdonf/ awmufyaom qnf;qma&mif0,f udkvwfonf azsmhawmhpGm NyHK;ae avonf/ ]bmaumif;wmvJ [if} ]tm;vHk; aumif;wmayhg} ]bmaumif;wmvJ udkvwf&,f} ]nDaxG;[m vlawmfwpfa,mufyJ} ]tif;} ]a&SUrSmvnf; wufvrf;trsm;MuD;&Sdw,f} ]tif;} ]aEGUudkvnf; ol wu,fcspfwmyg}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]udkvwf b,fvdkvkyfodvJ[if} ukdvwfonf aEGUpum;udk raNzbJ aEGUrsufvHk;rsm;udk vTJz,f vdkufavonf/ aumif;uifNyifwGif ppövDiSufuav;rms;onf ndk; ndk;nHnH toHNyK&if;tkyfvkduf ysHoef;oGm;Muonf/ wpfcgwpf&H twef;vdkuf? wpfcgwpf&H av;udkif;ozG,f? wpfcgwpf&Hvnf; NrSm;xdyfzl;uJhokdU yHkpHtrsdK;rsdK;aNymif;um tkyfzGJUysHoef;wwfaom olwkdU"avhonf pdwf0ifpm;zG,f aumif;vSonf/ cspfzG,faumif; vSonf/ ]wpfa,muftaMumif; wpfa,mufvnf; twGif;od tpif;od} ]tif;} ]i,fuwnf;u cifwJh oli,fcsif;awG} aEGonf &kwfw&uf rsuf&nf&pf0Jvmavonf/ udkvwfay; xm;aom av;em&Dyef;av;rsm;udk pdpdygatmif acsrGypfvdkufcsifpdwf vnf;ay:vmonf/ toHukef atmf[pfypfvkdufcsifpdwfvnf; ay: vmonf/ okdUaomfvnf; bmrQvnf; raNym? bmrQvnf; rvkyfNzpf bJ wrmyGihfav; MuJNyefUaeaom aNrwvif;udkom awGa0pGm ai;Munhfaerdavonf/ qnf;qma&mifonf &kwfw&uf azsmhawmhvmavonf/ aEG onf wkwfacsmif;av;ESihf aNray:wGif tonf;yHkav; a&;Ncpfvdkufrd avonf/ aEG qGJxm;aom tonf;vTmav;ay:okdU wrmyGihfav;


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

rsm;u csmvnfvSnfhNyD; ckefqif;vmMuonf/ aEGonf tonf;yHk e,fedrdwfxJwGif usaeaom wrmyGihfav;rsm;udk a&wGufMunhfaerd onf/ ]igNyefOD;r,f rdaEG} udkvwfu aNymaomtcg aEGonf armhrMunhfyJ acgif;ndwfNy vdkufonf/ wrmyGihfav;rsm;udkom trSm;rSm;t,Gif;,Gif; ta&ma&m taxG;axG;ESihf qufvufNyD;a&wGufaerdavonf/ rodrom oufNyif;&dIufvkdufaomtoHESihf av;uefpGm vSrf;xGufoGm;aom aNcoHwkdUonf aEGU&ifxJodkU t&SdefNyif;pGm us,favmifpGm aNy;0if vmaeMuavonf/ twefMumaomtcgrS aEGonf acgif;armfMunhfrdonf/ udkvwf onf aEGwdkU NcH0if;rS xGufoGm;aeNyDNzpfonf/ eD&Jaom ae0ef;MuD; onf urÇmaNrMuD;\ tem;pGef;wGif ar;wifvsuf&Sdonf/ ae0ef;udk rsufeSmrlvsuf av;oGJUpGm avQmufoGm;aomukdvwfonf aEGwkdU bufodkU vSnhfMunhfNyD; vufwpfzuf aNrSmufNyum EIwfqufav onf/ aEGonf udkvwfukdNyefNyD; vufNy&ef pdwful;rdaomfvnf; olU vufrsm;onf aES;auG;av;vHaeMuavonf/ wrmyifukd tm; avsmhpGmrSD&if; vIyf&Sm;&ef tiftm;ukefcef;aeolvdk wkwfwkwfrQ rvIyfrdbJ Nidrfaerdonf/ aEG pdkufMunhfaeaom udkvwf\ &kyfoGif


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

onf a0NyD; 0g;vmaomtcgrS olUrsufvHk;tdrfwGif rsuf&nfrsm; pdrfhtkdifa0hvnfaeonfukd owdxm;rdavonf/ ]a':av;a&} ]tif} ]OD;OD;nDaxG; vmrSmvm;} ]tif;} ]om;wdkUqDvmrSmvm; [if} ]tif;} ][m; aysmfw,fa[h? OD;OD;nDaxG; vmr,fa[h} zddk;atmifonf vufckyfvuf0g;wD;um ckefaygufNyD; atmf[pf aeavonf/ aEGU&ifxJwGif w'dwf'dwfckefvmNyD; vufzsm;av;rsm; at;vm onf/ nDaxG;ukd aEGb,fvdk &ifqkdif&rnfrod/ aEGU&ifxJwGif vdIufarmvmNyD; rkd;udk owd&rdavonf/ wrf;wrdavonf/

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]rdk;&,f} rdk;udk owd&vdkufwm aEG pdwfnpfw,f/ a,muFsm;av;wpfa,mufu rdef;uav;wpfa,mufudk MudKufw,f? vufxyfcsifw,faNymwm[m pdwfnpfp&m r[kwfygbl; rdk;&,f? 'gayrJh aEGuawmh pdwfnpfwmyJ/ nDaxG;av &l;aevm;rodbl;? aEGUudk,lcsifw,fwJh? rdk;&,f nDaxG;[m oli,fcsif;yg? olUrSmvnf; &nf;pm;awG trsm;MuD;? aEGav olUudk yg;vnf;rcscsifawmhbl;? pdwfvnf; rqkd;awmhbl;? olUudkcifygw,f? oHa,mZOfvnf;&Sdygw,f/ 'gayrJh aEGav atmfatmfNyD; idkvdkufcsifw,f/ aEGonf yihfoufudk&dIuf&Iif; ntarSmifudk pdrf;pdrf;pdkufMunhfae rdavonf/ vrdkuf&ufrkdU nOfhtarSmifonf euf&dIif;vSonf/ ydk;pkef; MuL;vufvuf wpfaumifonf wrmyiftem;0,f vSnhfywf0JysH aeonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]udkvwfuaNymw,f? aumif;ygw,fwJh? nDaxG;[m vlawmf wpfa,mufwJh? a&SUrSmwufvrf;awGvnf;&Sdw,fwJh? wpfa,muf taMumif;vnf; wpfa,muftwGif;od tpif;od o,fi,fuwnf; u aygif;vmwJh oli,fcsif;awGwJh rdk;&,f aEGUudk aNymNyprf;yg? vlwpfa,mufudk vufxyfzkdU&m tJ'DtcsufawGu ta&;MuD;wmvm; ESvHk;om;u ta&;MuD;wmvm;vdkU} aEGU&ifxJwGif armusyfNyD; wpfqkdUqkdUMuD;Nzpfaeavonf/ rdk;om tem;wGif&SdvQif rkd;ukd udkifvIyfNyD; ar;vdkufcsifonf/ rdk;&ifcGifwGif rsufeSm0SufNyD; idkypfvdkufcsifonf/ ]orD;a& nOfheufNyD? rtdyfao;bl;vm;? bmpmawGa&;aewm vJ} ]rdk;qDudk pma&;aewmyg arar} ]tdyfygawmhvm;uG,f? q,hfwpfem&DcGJNyD;aeNyD} ][kwfuJh arar} araronf tcef;xJodkU vSrf;0ifvmNyD; uav;rsm;udk apmifNcHK ay;onf/ arar tcef;xJrSxGufoGm;aomtcg aEGonf rD;cvkwf uav;udk zswfceJydwfvdkufavonf/ xdkUaemuf tdyf&may:okdU nifom Nznf;av;pGmvSJcsvdkufrdonf/ ywf0ef;usifwGif tarSmifMuD;pdk;aeonf/ rSefNywif;udk zGihfxm; oNzihf Zmcef;qD;NzLNzLav;onf tarSmif&dyf0,f nifompGmvIyf&Sm;


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

aeonf/ wkd;a0SUwkdufcwfaeaom avat;ESihf wD;wkd;pum;qkdae [ef&Sdonf/ olwkdUom wu,fpum;aNymwwfMuvQif aEGUtaMumif; udk pum;wif;qkdMuavrvm;[k aEGonf awG;aerdavonf/ aEGonf toufudkrQif;í&Ium pdwfukdaNzavQmhcsvdkufonf/ qkdYusyfaeaomESvHk;om;ESihf wif;rmaeaomOD;aESmufwkdUudk acwÅcP rQarhxm;vdkufNyD; cef;qD;NzLwGif em;ckdaeaom ydk;pkef;MuL;i,fav; udk ai;pdkufMunhfaerdavonf/ tarSmifvTrf;aeaom 0ef;usifwGif tvif;a&mif wvufvufxkwfvTwfaeaom 4if;ydk;pkef;MuL;av;om touf0if vIyf&Sm;ae[ef&dSavonf/ vif;ceJ vif;ceJ NzmoGm;aom tvif;a&mifuav;onf olUb0\ tm;rmefyifNzpfonf/ rdi,fav;onf tif;ceJnnf;um wpfzufapmif;vdkufonf/ xkdUaemuf tarSmifxJwGif wpfpHkwpfckudk prf;oyf&SmazGae[ef &Sd onf/ ]ar ar} ]rdi,f bmvJ? a':av; &Sdw,fav} ]tif a':av;} aEGonf olUckwifrSxum rdi,fqDokdU oGufoGufuav; avQmufoGm;vdkufonf/ rD;cvkwfudk zswfceJ zGifhvdkufaomaMumihf rdi,fonf &kwfw&uf rsufpdusdef;oGm;ovdk rsufarSmifuav;MuKwf oGm;onf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]bmvJ orD; bmNzpfvdkUvJ} ]a&awmufcsifw,f} ]aecJhav a':av;cyfay;r,f} aEGonf xrif;pm;cef;xJodkU xGufoGm;NyD; a&wpfcGufcyfcJh onf/ aemufaeUrsm;wGif tdyf&mem;ü a&wacgif;i,fudk tqifoifh ,lxm;&rnfNzpfonf/ rdi,fonf a&udk wudsKufusdKufaomufcsNyD; csufcsif;NyefvSJNyD; tdyf&ef[efNyifonf/ aEGonf rdi,fav;tm; qGJ ayGUvdkuf&if; olUezl;Nyifudk rxdwxdav;erf;vdkufrdonf/ ]atmifrm bm&rvJ? x &I&I;ayguf&OD;r,f? zkd;atmif zdk;atmif om; x x &I;ayguf&atmif} zdk;atmifudkyg EdI;NyD; tdyfcef;ESihfuyfaeaom a&csdK;cef;xJodkU qGJ oGif;cJh&onf/ olwkdUESpfOD;vHk; taqmhvGefNyD; yifyef;aomaeUrsdK;wGif tdyf&mxJü ao;ygwwfMuaomaMumihfNzpf\/ rsufpdryGihfaom zkd;atmifonf tdyfcsifrl;wl;ESihf aEGqGJac:&mokdU uefUvefUuefUvefUyg vmonf/ tdyf&may:Nyefa&mufaomtcg zdk;atmifonf 0kef;ceJ ypf vSJcsvdkufNyD; csufcsif;vdkvdkyif toufrSefrSef&Ium Nyefvnftdyfaysmf oGm;avonf/ twefi,f rsufpdus,foGm;aom rdi,fav;url aEGU vufudk qGJxm;avonf/ ]a':av;} ]bmvJ rdi,f}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]wrD;eJU wlwltdyfyg} ]orD; bmNzpfvkdUvJ} ]tif wrD;eJUtdyfygaemf} ]at; at; tdyfr,f? a':av; rD;ydwfvdkufOD;r,faemf} aEGonf rD;udkydwfvdkufNyD; rdi,fav;\ab;wGif tomav;vSJ tdyfvdkufonf/ rdcifudk wrf;wae[ef&Sdaom uav;ri,fav;udk &ifcGifwGif;okdU qGJoGif;NyD; zufxm;vdkuf&onf/ rdi,fonf aEGU&if cGifwGif;odkU wkd;0ifum aEGUvufarmif;udk acgif;tHk;xm;avonf/ rdi,f\ ylaEG;aom xGufoufonf aEGUvufarmif;om;udk &dkufcwf aeonf/ ]a':av;a&} rdi,fu wkd;wkd;av;ac:onf/ ]bmvJ orD;} ][kdem;rSm rSdwfwkwf rSdwfwkwfeJU bmaumifvJ} ]tJ'gvm; ydk;pkef;MuL;vdkUac:w,f} ]bmvdkU vif;aewmvJ[if} ]olwkdU&JUukd,frSm ntarSmifxJrSm vif;wJh"mwfwpfrsdK;ygvdkUayhg orD;&,f? pum;rrsm;eJUav tdyfawmh}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

aEGonf rdi,f\ausmukd omomav;yGwfoyfay;onf/ rdwfzk av;rsm; aygufaeaomaMumifh rdi,f\ausmwpfNyifvHk;onf Murf; wrf;aeavonf/ aEGonf rdi,fav;udk zufxm;&if;rS udk,fudk,f wkdif tdrf&SifrtNzpf pOf;pm;rdonf/ rdcifwpfOD;tNzpf pOf;pm;rdav onf/ &ifxJwGif aEG;oGm;aomfvnf; &ifckefoHNrefvmavonf/ ]armifwpf&myif &Sdvihfupm;? vifr&Sdaom rdef;ronf rwihf w,f} [k qkdpum;&Sdonf/ aEGwkdUwGif armifwpf&m raNymESihf armif wpfa,mufyif r&Sdacs/ nDaxG;wkdUudkvwfwkdUudk i,fpOfu tpfudk &if; armif&if;uJhodkU xifrSwfcJh? oHa,mZOfaESmifzGJUcJhonf/ odkUaomf vnf; wpdrf;onf wpdrf;omNzpf\/ tcsdefwefaomtcg pdwfxm; av;rsm; aNymif;vJvmukefonf/ oli,fcsif;oHa,mZOfrSaeNyD; aemufxyfoHa,mZOftopf wpfausmh&pfywfvmonf/ aEGonf yihfoufudk rodromav; &dIufvdkuf&if; rdi,fav;udk iHkUMunhfonf/ rdi,fav;onfvnf; olUa':av;udk rsufvHk;0dkif;av; ESihf armhMunhfaeavonf/ nOfhtarSmif Mu,fa&mifvJhvJhwGif wl0&D; eSpfOD;onf wpfOD;ukdwpfOD; 0dk;wkd;0g;wm; MunhfaeMuavonf/ ]rdi,fav;&,f? tdyfavuG,f} ]wrD; ararhudk wwd&vdkU} ]owdr&eJU tdyf}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]araru wrD;wkdUudk xm;cJhyD; azazhcsDudk wa,mufxJ wGm;w,faemf} ]orD;wdkUyg&if vrf;rSmyifyef;rSmpdk;vkdUwJh? 'DrSma':av;&Sdom;yJ? bGm;bGm;wkdU bdk;bkd;wdkUvnf;&Sdom;yJ? OD;OD;vwfvn;f &Sdw,f uJav} ]OD;OD;nDaxG;vnf; vmOD;r,f} aEGUpum;udk rdi,fav;u NznhfpGufvdkufavonf/ aEGonf oufNyif;av;cs&if; rdi,f\qHyifav;rsm;udk zGupm;vdkufonf/ rdi,fu nDaxG;udk tpazmfay;vdkufaomfvnf; aEGurl udkvwfudk owd&aeavonf/ olUacgif;wGif yefxm;vsufyif&Sdao;aom av; em&Dyef;av;rsm;udk vufeSihftomt,m prf;NyD; NzKwf,lvdkufonf/ yef;av;rsm;onf EGrf;aysmhum wpfyGihfESihfwpfyGihf yl;uyfaeavonf/ EGrf;aMuoGm;aomtcg t&nf&Trf;aom yGihfzwfav;rsm;rSaeNyD; t&nfrsm; pdrfhxGufvmonf/ onfyef;av;rsm;udk ESm0wGifawhNyD; &dIuferf;Munhfvdkufrdonf/ &eHUrarT;ysHUawmhay/ ]a':av;&,f yHkaNymNyygvm;} ]tdyfao;bl;vm; rdi,fav;&,f} ]wrD;udk yHkaNymNyygaemf}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

wa&;Edk; rsufpdus,faeaom rdi,fonf aEGU&ifcGifwGif;odkU wkd;um ylqmaeonf/ aEGUpdwfxJwGif EGrf;armaeaomfvnf; wlri,f av;tm; yHkaNym&eftwGuf yHkNyifukd pOf;pm;aerdavonf/ nOfhoHacsmif;u q,hfESpfem&D xdk;oGm;onf/ em&DoHudk pdwfxJrS vdkufí a&wGufae&if; aEG\pdwfonf ysHUvGihfaeonf/ ][dk a&S;a&S;wkef;uwhJ? a&atmuf eef;awmfMuD;rSm a&olrav; awG&SdMuw,fwJh? olwkdUawG[m nDtpfr ckepfa,muf&Sdw,fwJh}

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

][dk a&S;a&S;wkef;uwhJ? a&atmuf eef;awmfMuD;rSm a&olrav; awG&SdMuw,fwJh? olwkdUawG[m nDtpfr ckepfa,muf&Sdw,fwJh/ toufq,hfig;ESpfNynhf&if olwkdU[m a&ay:udk wufNyD; avmuMuD; udkMunhfzkdU olwkdUtarawG tbGm;awGu cGihfay;w,fwJhodvm;/ 'Dawmh wpfESpfNyD;wpfESpf wpfa,mufNyD;wpfa,muf a&ay:udkwuf NyD; aumif;uifMuD;vSyyHkawG? oabFmMuD;awG? a&ay:uausmuf aqmif ausmufcwfwef;awG? rD;a&mifpHk xGef;xm;wJhNrdKUMuD;awGudk MunhfcGihf&Muw,f/ ti,fqHk;a&olrav;uawmh q,hfig;ESpfrNynhf ao;wmeJU a&atmufrSmyJ urmav;awG? c&kav;awG? ig;av;awGeJU upm;ae&w,fwJh} ]olu b,ft&G,fvJ} ]q,hfig;eSpfrNynhfao;bl;qkdawmh rkd;t&G,fayhg[? q,hfoHk;eSpf avmuf&SdrSmayhg} ‘'Dvdkqkd rkd;ayhg}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]b,fuvm rkd;&rSmvJ? 'dkUaNymaewm a&olrav;taMumif; rkd; r[kwfbl;} nDnDaxG;onf olUyHkNyifukdNzwfNyD; 0ifavaygaom rdk;udk raus eyfovdk apmifMunhfavonf/ rkd;onf vQmuav;xkwfum NidrfoGm; onf/ udkvwfurl nDaxG;\ ab;wGif yufvufvSef vSJtdyfvdkuf &if; aumif;uifNymudk arQmfMunhfaeavonf/ olUararqDrS yHkNyif topftqef;udk em;axmif&wkdif; nDnDaxG;onf oli,fcsif;oHk;OD; udk NyefNyD;azmufonfcsavh&Sdonf/ aEGESihf rkd;omru udkvwfyg yHkiwfMuonf/ ararwdkU azazwdkUuvnf; yHkaNym 0goemrygMuacs OD;av;pdefESihfa':av;EGJUuvnf; bl;oD;? c0JoD;taMumif;om od onf/ ewforD;av;? rif;om; rif;orD;av;rsm;eSihf a&olrav; rsm;taMumif;udk aNymrNywfay/ aEGwkdUonf nDaxG;qDrSyif pif'&Jvm;? cifESif;NzLESihf vlykav;ckepfa,muf? tdyfaysmfaeaom rif;orD;av;taMumif;rsm;udk Mum;odcJhMu&avonf/ ]ol[m a&ay:udk odyfNyD;wufcsifw,f? olUtpfrawGaNymwJh a&ay:u oabFmMuD;awG? NrdKUawmfMuD;awG? Mu,fawG vawGudk odyfNyD; awGUcsifNrifcsifvGef;vdkU pdwfapmaew,fwJh} ]a[m q,hfig;eSpfNynhfwJheSpfusawmh olUvnfyif;rSm c&kykwD; av;awGqGJ? a&arSmfyifav;awGudk o&zlvdk&pfNyD;yefvdkU olUbGm;bGm; u Nyifay;w,fwJh? aemufNyD; a&ay:rSm tMumMuD;raebJ NrefNref NyefcJhzdkU rSmvdkufw,fwJh? a&olrav;[m aysmfvGef;vdkU ul;cwfNyD; a&ay:udk wkd;wufcJhw,fwJh}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

aEGwkdU av;OD;pkxkdifaeaom ae&monf a*gufoD;&dkufaom uGif;MuD;\tpGef;&Sd a&uefMuD;ab;wGif Nzpfonf/ a&ta&mifonf rMunfvifbJ aemufusdaeonf/ bJief;NzLNzLrsm;u w*wf*wfatmf Nrnf&if; a&xJwGif ul;cwfaeMuavonf/ aEGonf rMunfvifaom &THeSpfxaoma&ukd pl;pdkufMunhf&if; &ifckefaeon/f xdka&rsm;udkyif vJhvJhpdrf;aom yifv,fa&NyiftoGifxifrSwfNyD; a&nSdo&zludk &pfacG yefqifxm;aom a&olrav;rsm; bGm;ueJ ay:xGufvmavrnfvm; [k pdwfapmaerdonf/ ]ol a&ay:a&mufawmh nOhftcsdefwJh? aumif;uifrSm Mu,fawG vawGeJU om,maewmayhg? ol[m rD;awG xdefxdefvif;NyD; oDcsif; qkdoH? uoH ckefoHawGeJU qlnHvSyaewJh oabFmMuD;wpfpif;udk awGU vdkufvdkU tJ'Dem;udk ul;oGm;NyD; taygufuae acsmif;Munhfrdw,fwJh [? oabFmxJrSm odyfNyD;acsmwJh rif;om;av;wpfyg;ukd awGU&awmh ol[m touf&IzdkUawmif arhNyD; tMumMuD; Munhfaerdw,fwJh? tJ'D vdk Munhfaewkef; vQyfpD;awG vuf? rkd;MudK;awGypfNyD; avrkefwkdif; MuD; usygava&m} ]a[mawmh} rdk;onf yg;pyfuav; [um tar#dwfpum; qkdvdkufonf/ udkvwfonf pdwf0ifpm;vm[efESihf xxkdifvdkufavonf/ nDaxG;\ ab;wGif olwkdUoHk;OD;u 0ef;&Hrdvsufom; Nzpfae\/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]rkefwkdif;usawmh oabFmMuD;vnf; ysufoGm;wmayhg? vlawG[m u,fyg ,lygeJU a&xJrSmarsmaewkef; a&olrav;[m a&xJrSmarsm vmwJh rif;om;av;udk urf;bufudk qGJac:cJhw,fwJh? rif;om;av; uawmh owdarhaevdkU bmrQrodbl;wJh[? ol[m reufvif;wJhtxd rif;om;av;udk wGJNyD; ul;cJh&w,f? urf;aNca&mufawmh rif;om; av;udk urf;pyfrSmcsNyD; owd&atmifNyKpkaew,fwJh tJ'DtcsdefrSm tJ'Durf;aNcwkdif;Nynfu rif;orD;av;a&pyfudk qif;vmwm awGUawmh vlNrifrcH&JwJh a&olrav;[m ausmufaqmifaemufudk aNy;NyD; ykef;ae&w,fwJh? olykef;aewkef; rif;orD;av;[m rif;om; av;udkawGUoGm;NyD; olUtaNcGt&HawGeJU 0dkif;NyKpkawmh rif;om;av; [m owd&vmw,fwJh? rif;orD;av;udkvnf; olU&JU toufocif vdkU xifoGm;NyD; t&rf;aus;Zl;wifoGm;w,fwJh} ][if olUudku,fwm a&olrav;yJ? rif;orD;av;rS r[kwfwm} ]'gayrJh olu rif;orD;av;vdkUyJ xifwmayhg} udkvwfonf nDaxG;udkai;Munhfaeavonf/ yHkNyifxJwGif epfarsmoGm;aom olUrsufvHk;rsm;onf ndkUrdIif;&Da0aeonf/ ]a&olrav;uawmh rif;om;av;udk wdwfwdwf MudKufaeawmh rif;om;av;udk olu,fwJhtaMumif; odyfNyD;aNymNycsifaewmaygh? ol[m rif;om;av;eJU b0wlatmif vlodyfNzpfcsifoGm;w,fwJh? tJ'DtaMumif;udk a&olrav;&JU tbGm;? tar? trawGu odMuawmh ikdNyD; wm;Muw,fwJh[m? ukd,hfb0rSmyJ udk,faysmfzdkU 0dkif;NyD;aNymay


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

r,hf r&bl;wJh? a&olrav;[m pkef;rMuD;qDoGm;NyD; olU&JUtNrD;ae &m rSm aNcaxmufav;awG aygufvmzdkU zefqif;ay;ckdif;w,fwJhav? 'Dawmh pkef;rMuD;[m tzdk;tctaeeJU a&olrav;&JU qHyifawGudk Nzwf,lvdkufw,fwJh} a&olrav;onf &Snfvsm;zm;a0NyD; tdaxG;aeaom qHauom rsm;udk pkef;rMuD;tm; Nzwfay;vdkuf&avonf/ aEG\ pdwful; tdyfrufxJrS a&olrav;onf qHyifwkd ikH;wdwdav;ESihf NzpfoGm;aom tcg aEGU&ifxJwGif [moGm;onf/ &kwfw&uf pdwfwdkNyD; idkcsifoGm; avonf/ a*gufoD;uGif;xJwGif tusF DtNzL? abmif;bDwkdtNzLESihf a*guf oD;&dkufaeaom azazhudkawGU&onf/ cyfvSrf;vSrf;wGif&Sd nDaxG;wkdU azazonf wkwfudk [efygygvTJum &dkufvdkufonf/ NzLazG;aom abmvHk;i,fav;onf aumif;uif,HodkU vSypGm 0JwufoGm;NyD; ukef;Nrihf\ wpfzufokdU usoGm;onf/ ]aq;vdrf;vdkufawmh a&olrav;&JUtNrD;awG aysmufNyD; aNc axmufeSpfacsmif;aygufvmw,fwJh? 'gayr,hf tJh'DaNcESpfacsmif;[m yl;aeNyD; vrf;avQmufvdkUr&bl;wJh} ][muGm} ukdvwfu nnf;wGm;vdkufavonf/ tNzLtndk a&maeaom bJwpftkyfonf a&uefxJokdU qif;vmaeMuonf/ bJuav;rsm; apmif;ief;apmif;ief;ESihf vrf;avQmufaeonfudk ai;Munhf&if; aEG


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

onf aq ;ukdrNynhfrpHk usdefqJrdavonf/

rpE´m

azmfpyfay;onfh

pkef;rMuD;tm;

wD;wdk;

]'Dawmh aNcaxmufav;awG wpfacsmif;eJUwpfacsmif; uGJNyD; vrf;avQmufEkdifr,fh aq;twGuf a&olrav;&JU vQmudkNzwf,lvdkuf w,fwJh} ]'Dvdkqkd ol ]t}oGm;rSmayhg? pum; raNymwwfbl;ayhg} ]tif;aygh} aEGonf rsuf&nfav;rodrom 0Jvmonf/ apmif;ief; apmif; ief;avQmufaeaom bJuav;rsm;ukd Munhf&if; a&olrav; ukef;ay:wufNyD; vrf;avQmufaeonfudk Nrifa,mifaerdavonf/ bJausmif;om;onf olUbJrsm;udk wkwfwpfacsmif;udkif&if; xdef;ausmif;aeonf/ bJi,frsm;onf a&ay:odkU rwufcsifMuao; onfhtwGuf a&uefxJwGif vSnhfywful;cwfaeMuavonf/ nDnDaxG;onf aNym&if;wef;vef;&yfum aemufusdaeaom a&rsm;udk pdkufMunhfaeavonf/ qufraNymbJ twefMum &yfaeo Nzihf pdwfr&Snfaom rdk;u olUvufxJwGif&Sd ausmufcJav;ESihf vSrf; aygufvdkufonf/ ]aNymav qufaNymav NyD;awmh bmNzpfvJ}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]'geJUa&olrav;[m rif;om;av;&SdwJhqDudk vrf;avQmufoGm;& wmayhg? vrf;avQmufaerusawmh olUaNcaxmufawG[m odyfem w,fwJh? aNcwpfvSrf; vSrf;vdkufwdkif; aNcz0g;awGudk "m;eJUrTef; xm; ovdk emw,fwJh? olrif;om;av;qD a&mufoGm;awmh rif;om;av; &JU vufxyfyGJtwGuf vlawG aysmf&TifaeMuwmudk awGUw,fwJh? uMu ckefMu oDcsif;qkdMueJU aysmfyGJ&TifyGJ usif;yaew,fwJh? rif;om; av;[m olUaus;Zl;&SifvkdUxifwJh rif;orD;av;eJU vufxyfawmhrSm qkdwm od&awmh ol odyf0rf;enf;w,fwJh? rif;om;av;[mvJ olUudk Nrifawmh vSrf;ac:w,fwJh? NrifNrifcsif; cspfw,fwJh? 'gayrJh [dk rif;orD;av;u olUtoufocifrkdU eufNzefus&if olvufxyf&awmh r,fvdkU olUudkaNymNyw,fwJh? a&olrav;[m rif;om;av;udk wu,f u,fcJhwm[m olygvkdU aNymNycsifayr,hf aNymp&m vQmr&Sd awmh aNymrNyedkifbl;wJh[m} nDaxG;onf aNym&if; rqufawmhyJ &yfoGm;Nyefavonf/ olUab;wGif&Sdaom Nrufyifav;rsm;ukd qGJEkwf&if; rsufarSmifav; rodrom MuKwfaeonf/ aEGwdkUoHk;OD;onf nDaxG;\ rsufeSmudk pdwftm;xufoefpGm ai;MunhfaerdMuavonf/ ]aNymav 'Dawmh bmNzpfvJ} ]ig ig qufrodawmhbl;} ][if eifuvJ}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]ig tJ'Dwkef;u tdyfaysmfoGm;w,fxifw,f? bmNzpfovJ? owdr&awmhbl;? ararhudk Nyefar;MunhfOD;r,f} ]acG;nDaxG; tqHk;ukdrod&if bmvkdUaNymaeao;vJ} aEGU&ifxJ rwifrusESihf EGrf;EGrf;armarmMuD;Nzpfaeonf/ a&ol rav; aooGm;ovm;? rif;om;av;eSihf&ovm;[laom tawG;u acgif;xJwGif MuD;pdk;aeavonf/ wpfcsdefwnf;rSmyif tqHk;ukd aNymrNyEdkifaom nDaxG;udk ukwfqGJcsifpdwf aygufvmonf/ ]a&olrav;u rkduw f mayhg} twefMumNidrfaeNyD;aomtcgrS ukdvwfu rSwfcsufcsavonf/ i,fEkaom udkvwf\rsufESmonf vlMuD;qefqefESihf &ihfusufae onf/ ae&mrS 0kef;ceJxum ykqkd;udk wkdwkdNyif0wfavonf/ xkdU aemufcg;anmif;oGm;ovdk cg;udk b,fnmvSnhfNyD; csdK;aeonf/ ]udkvwfuvnf; aeygOD;? b,foGm;rvdkUvJ} ]ig opfyifawG a&avmif;&OD;r,f} ]'dkUawGvnf; ulavmif;ay;rSmayhg} olwkdUoHk;OD;vHk; ae&mrS xrdMuonf/ udkvwfwpfa,mufwnf; vkyf&rnfhtvkyfudk av;OD;vkyfvdkufygu av;qrNrefonfhwkdif atmif udkvwf taeeSihfawmh tawmfMuD; oufomoGm;onfom Nzpf\/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

udkvwfonf a&SUqHk;rSaeí aNy;oGm;onf/ nDaxG;uvnf; udkvwf\ aemufrS ckefumaygufumESihf aNy;vdkufoGm;avonf/ aemufbufwGif rkd;ESihfaEGWkdUonf at;at;oufom vrf;avQmufNyD; vdkufoGm;Muonf/ ]a&olrav;udk rkdufw,fvdkU udkvwfu bmvdkUaNymwmvJ rodbl;} olwdkUwpfawGonf a&olrav;udk &kwfNcnf; arhoGm;Mu[ef&Sd aomfvnf; aEGonf &kwfw&uf rarhekdifacs/ a&olrav; Nyóem onf olU&ifxJwGif wif;wif;usyfusyfMuD; Nzpfaeavonf/ ]rkd;vnf; rodbl;} rdk;uvnf; a,mifcsmcsmav;aNzonf/ ukdvwfwkdUqD aEGwdkU a&mufaomtcg a&wGif;xJrSa&ukd ukdvwfu wpfyHk;NyD; wpfyHk;iifae NyDNzpfonf/ nDaxG;onf a&yef;u&m;udk ukd,fwpfNcrf; apmif; atmif qGJvQuf rHkvmcif;bufokdU z,f,rf;? z,f,rf;ESihf avQmuf oGm;onf/ ]a&olrav;u bmrdkufvdkUvJ udkvwf&JU} aEGonf a&mufa&muffcsif; ar;rdavonf/ udkvwfonf a&yHk; MudK;udk vufwpfzufu qGJudkif&if; aEGUudk iJhMunhfonf/ ]igxifwmyJ? rdkufw,fvdkU xifwmyJ}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]bmNzpfvdkUvJ[if} aEGonf a&olrav;udk oem;aompdwfESihf rausreyfav; xyf ar;rdavonf/ tcspftwGufESihf vQmtNzwfcHum vlUb0ul;aNymif; vmaoma&olrav;udk aEGonf tcspfol&Jaumif;av;vdkU xifNrifrd onf/ tm;usonf[k rqkdEkdifaomfvnf; tepfemcHEkdifvGef;aom a&olrav;onf aEGUpdwfukd vIyf&Sm;apum &ifxJwGif MuD;pdk;aeav onf/ udkvwfonf rsuf&nfav; rodrom0Jaeaom aEGUudkMunhf&if; NyHk;&,fvdkufavonf/ xdkUaemuf aEGar;aom ar;cGef;udk raNzbJ ol zwfzl;onhf qHk;rpum;udk &GwfNyavonf/ ]pmtkyfwpftkyfxJrSm zwfzl;w,f b0qkdwm vkyfcsifwmudk csnf;yJ OD;pm;ray;&bl;wJh? vkyfoihfwJh tvkyfudkvkyf&r,fwJh}

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]b0qkdwm vkyfcsifwmudk csnf;yJ OD;pm;ray;&bl;wJh?vkyfoihf wJh tvkyfudkvkyf&r,fwJhvm;? 'Dawmh bmNzpfvJ rdaEG? eihfudk ig,l csifw,f? r,loihfp&ma&m bmtaMumif;&SdvdkUvJ? eifeJUigeJU ,l&if rkd;MudK;ypfrSm rdkUvm;? aNrGaygufrSm rkdUvm;? um;wkdufrSm rkdUvm;} nDaxG;u avat;av;ESifh rcHcsifovdkar;avonf/ acgif;u av; rodromiHkUxm;aom aEGUrsufESmudkpl;pdkufNyD; tuJcwfaeonf/ ]nDaxG; aEGUudk bmvdkU,lcsifwmvJ[if} ],lcsifwm ,lcsifvdkUayhg} ]bmvdkU ,lcsifwmvJ nDaxG;&JUtusF DawG avQmfay;apcsifvdkU vm;? nDaxG;twGuf zdeyfwkdufay;apcsifvdkUvm;? aemufNyD; aemuf NyD; nDaxG;twGuf uav;awG arG;ay;apcsifvdkUvm;} ]rdaEG eifbmawG ar;aewmvJ} nDaxG;u wtHhwMoNyefar;avonf/ aEGUudk olUtusF DawG avQmfay;apcsifonf/ olUtwGuf zdeyfwkdufay;apcsifonf/ xkdUNyif olUtwGUf uav;rsm;vnf; arG;ay;apcsifonf[lí acgif;ndwf taNz


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

ay;vdkufygu yg;&dkufcH&zkdUvrf;u ckepfq,hfig;&mcdkifEIef;&SdoNzihf nDaxG; raNz&Jacs/ ]aNymprf;yg? nDaxG;twGuf xrif;csufay;apcsifvdkUvm;? [if; csufay;apcsifvdkUvm;} ]eifuvnf;[m} aEGonf wrmyifMuD;udk &kwfw&ufrSDcsvdkufrdavonf/ a'go wGif aMuuGJrI,Sufoef;aom rsufvHk;av;rsm;ESihf nDaxG;udk pl;pl;&J &Jav; Munhfrdonf/ nDaxG;onf cspfonf[laom pum;wpfvHk;rQ roHk;bJ rdef;uav;wpfOD;\ b0wpfckvHk;ukd ydkifpdk;&ef MudK;yrf;ae onf/ ]nDaxG; &nf;pm;awGua&m} ‘olwdkUawGvm; 'DvdkygyJ? olwkdUudk igwpfcgrQ ,lr,fvdkU raNym zl;ygbl;? &nf;pm;&,fvdkUvnf; r[kwfygbl;[m? a,muFsm;awG awmif &ukefMuygNyD? aEGu rdef;uav;wkdif; aEGUvdk xifvkdUvm;} ]olwkdUukd ,lr,fvkdU raNymayr,fh cspfw,fvdkUawmh aNymcJhrSm ayhg} ]tif;} ]aumif;ygw,fav} ]bmaumif;wmvJ}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]tpp t&m&mayhg} aEGonf wrmudkif;udkckefí qGJvdkufum wrmyef;rsm;udk cl;,l vdkufonf/ xkdUaemuf tcufav;rsm;csdK;um wpfywfvQdKqHxHk;wGif &pf0dkif;yefqifaerdonf/ tdrfaemufaz;acsmifrS ig;aMumfeHUu arT;ysHUvmonf/ ig;claMumf NyD; uifyGef;csOf&Guf ig;ydcsufukd ykpGefEdkifEdkifESihf csufrnfxifonf/ bm[if;NzpfNzpf ykodrfay:qef;arT;ESihf ararcsufaom [if;onf aEGwkdUudk xrif;Nrdefaponfom Nzpfavonf/ ]aEG eifwrmyef; MudKufvdkUvm;} ]t&ifwkef;uawmh MudKufvScsnfh r[kwfygbl;/ cktcsdefrSmawmh odyfNyD; yefcsifw,f} ]bmNzpfvdkUvJ} ]olUt&omu cg;w,f r[kwfvm;} nDaxG;onf &kwfw&uf rsufeSmysufoGm;avonf/ olUvuf wpfzufudkom ausmufywfwD;udkifrxm;&ygu aEG\ycHk;eSpfzufukd odrfhodrfhygatmif udkifvIyfrnfvm; raNymwwfacs/ vufwpfzuf roefonfhwdkifatmif aumif;aeaomvufESihf aEGUudk vSrf;qGJvdkuf avonf/ ]rdaEG eif bmaNymwmvJ}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]nDaxG; em;rvnfbl;vm;} aEGu avat;at;ESihf Nyefar;vdkufavonf/ nDaxG;onf emusifpGm t&dkufcH&aom usm;wpfaumifuJhodkU rodrom[def;vdkuf onf/ olUvufxJwGif qkyfudkifxm;aom aEGUvufz0g;aysmhaysmh av;udk wif;wif;qkyf&if; aEGUrsufvHk;rsm;udk wnhfwnhfpdkufMunhf aeavonf/aEGonf EIwfcrf;udk wif;wif;aphum nDaxG;tm; cyfwif;wif; NyefMunhfrdonf/ ]eifhukd ig,lr,f} ]0rf;enf;ygw,f nDaxG;} ]eif ihgudk ,l&r,f} ]r,lEkdifbl;} nDaxG;onf aEGUvufaysmhaysmhav;rsm;udk wtm;nSpfudkifNyD;rS aqmifhNyD;vTwfcsvdkufonf/ nDaxG;\ rsufeSmwGif tHhNoNcif;? 0rf; enf;Ncif;wkdUtNyif a'goESihf rmeyg,Sufoef;aeavonf/ olonf aEGUacgif;wGif a0aeatmif yefxm;aom wrmyef;av;rsm;udk &kwfw &uf qGJNzKwfum vTihfypfvdkufonf/ aEGonf aNrMuD;ay:odkU OD;pdkuf uRrf;ysHusoGm;aom wrmyef;cufuav;rsm;ukd Munhf&if; EIwfcrf;udk udkufxm;vdkufrdonf/ ]ighudk ,lcsifwJhvlawGrS trsm;MuD;? ig,lr,fqkd&if xur,fh vlawGawmif &Sdw,f}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]'Dvdkqkd olwkdUawG u ygapvm;} ]'gayrJh olwkdUudk ig rvdkcsifbl;} ]tJ'g qdk;wmyJ} ]eihfudkyJ vkdcsifw,f} ]olwkdUawGxJrSm aEGrS rygbJ} aEGonf &ifxJwGif Nyif;Nyif;xefxef &dIufidkaeaomfvnf; oHrSefeSihf NyefaNymaerdavonf/ aEGonf olUtm; þ rQcg;cg;oD;oD; Niif;y,fvdrfhrnf[k nDaxG;onf arQmfvihfrxm;acs/ vHk;0vnf; rxif rdacs/ olvdk tppt&m&mNynhfpHkolwpfOD;tm; Niif;y,f vdrfhrnf[kvnf; xifrSwfp&mtaMumif;r&Sdacs/ nDaxG;onf i,fpOf b0uwnf;u tpNyKí ,ckxufwkdifatmif olUwpfoufwmwGif vdkcsifí r&aomt&m r&Sdoavmufyif Nzpfonf/ ]ighrSm bmtNypf&SdvdkUvJ? bmNzpfvkdU r,lEdkifwmvJ? vufrcH ekdifwmvJ} nDaxG;onf aNray:rS wrmyef;av;rsm;udk aNcESihfcwfypfvdkuf NyD;ar;avonf/ aEGonf nDaxG;ukd rMunhfbJolUtMunhfukd aNrom;ndkndkay:odkU aNymif;vkdufavonf/ wrmyGihfaMuGav;rsm; MuJNyefUaeaom aNrMuD;udkom rsuf&nf0kdif;aom rsufvHK;rsm;ESihf Munhfaerdavonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]nDaxG;rSm bmtNypfrQr&Sdygbl;? &Sdcsif;&Sd&if aEGUrSmom tNypf &SdrSm} ]bm tNypfvJ} aEGonf yihfouf&dIufvdkufavonf/ wrmyifMuD;\ yifpnfudk vufESihfprf;&if; rsufawmif wzswfzswfcwfaerdonf/ csHK;yGJcsidk vdkufcsifaomfvnf; rsuf&nfrsm;onf rsufvHk;tdrfwGif;rSmyif csuf csif;taiGUysHNyD; aumif;uifudk vGihfwufukefonf xifonf/ okdU wnf;r[kwf vnfacsmif;0wGif pkjyD; a&uekfNzpfaeonfvm; raNym wwf? aEGrsuf&nfyif rusacs/ odkUaomf&ifxJwGif ylavmifNyD; aNcmufaeonf/ xkdUaMumihf aNymcsifaompum;ukdvnf; wkd;wkd; oJhoJhav;om aNymekdifavonf/ ]aEGUtNypfvm;? aEGUtNypfu nDaxG;udk cspfvdkUr&wJh tNypfayhg? nDaxG;udk aEGrcspfbl;}

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]aEGuaNymw,f? 'kdUukd olrcspfbl;wJh? 'kdUudk olr,lEkdifbl;wJh} nDnDaxG;onf a&wGif;aygifudkrSDNyD; aNcqif;xdkifaeonf/ v auG;auG;av;onf aumif;uifv,fwGif wdwfwqdwf &yf&if;olUudk iHkUMunhfae[ef&Sdonf/ ]cspfw,fqkdwmbmvJ olod&JUvm;uGm} ukdvwfu ar;aomtcg nDaxG;onf [ufceJ &,fvdkufav onf/ aEG odvm; rodvm;awmh nDaxG;rod? nDaxG;udk,fwdkifyif tcspf\ t"dyÜg,fudk a&vnfpGm rodao;acs/ nDAxG;onf auoDtygt0if rdef;uav; oHk;av;a,mufukd a&ma&maESmaESmwGJcJhzl;onf/ cspf onf[laom pum;udkvn;f cyfayghayhgyif oHk;pGJcJhzl;onf/ odkUaomf xkdpum;\aemufuG,frS cHpm;rI av;av;eufeufr&SdcJhay/ a&SUwef; ppfrsufESmwGif &efolESihf wu,f&ifqkdif wkduf&ckduf&aom tcgrsm; wGifum; olonf olcspfonf[k aNymcJhzl;aom rdef;uav;rsm;xuf olUyg;udk&dkufcJhonfh i,fuRrf;aqG rdaEGudk rMumcP owd& wrf;w rdavonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]olodvm; rodvm;awmh uRefawmf rodygbl;? cspfw,fqkdwm bmvJ? uRefawmfawmif aumif;aumif;rodbl;}

]'Dvdkqkd rif;olUudk cspfw,fvdkUawmif raNymbl;vm;} ][ifhtif;} udkvwfonf oufNyif;wpfcsuf&dIufum nDaxG;\ycHk;udk zuf vdkufavonf/ nDaxG;onf va&mifrSdefrSdef0,f t&Gufuav;rsm; wzswfzswfvIyfaeaom ,dk;',m;ZD;yifav;rsm;udkom ai;Munhfae rdonf/ udkvwf pdkufydsK;xm;aom ZD;yifi,fav;rsm;onf aemufESpf avmufwGif oD;awmhrnfNzpfonf/ wpfvHk;wpfvHk;vQif rmvumoD; i,fi,favmuf&Sdum yef;oD;vdk tom;yGNyD; csdKaomZD;oD;rsm;onf vlMudKufrsm;NyD; aps;aumif;vSonf/ ]cspfw,fqdkwJh pum;ukd uRefawmf ayhgayhgav; oHk;cJhrdw,f? olUudkvnf; aNymzl;om;yJ? eif[m igh&JUtcspfOD;? eihfudk igcspfw,f xifw,fvdkU} ]b,fwkef;u aNymwmvJ} udkvwf\toHonf rodromav; tzsm;cwfum wkef,ifoGm; avonf/ nDaxG;onf aNcqif;ae&mrS 'l;wpfzufaxmifvdkufonf/ olUvufrS ausmufywfwD;udk prf;Munhfae&if; nDaxG;\pdwfonf


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

vGefcJhaom aNcmufESpfcefUqDudk aNy;vTm;oGm;onf/ a'goESihf rme uJaom aEGUrsufvHk;ndknkdav;rsm;udk Nrifa,mifvmonf/ ]vGefcJhwJh aNcmufESpfavmufuyg? aNyom aNymcJhwm? pdwfxJrSm odyfNyD; av;av;eufeuf r&SdvSbl;? oluvnf; uRefawmhfudk yg;cs w,f? uRefawmfuvnf; olUudk zuferf; ypfcJhw,f} nDaxG;\rsufvHk;rsm;onf a0oGm;NyD; a&wGif;aygifudk acgif;rSD csvdkufavonf/ wtHhwNoESihf Munhfaeaomukdvwfukd &ifqkdif rMunhfbJ rsufvHk;udkarS;pif;xm;vdkufrdonf/ udkvwfudk olonf rdaEG vlyg;0onhftaMumif;rsm;udk wdkifawmcJh aNymNycJhzl;aomfvnf; olu erf;cJhonfukdrl wpfcgrQ aNymrNycJhacs/ vlyg;0vGef;aom aEGUudk tekdifusifhonfhpdwfESifh wZGwfxdk; NyKrIcJhNcif;Nzpfonf/ ‘'Dvdkqkd ri;fvGefcJhwJh aNcmufESpfavmufuwnf;u olUudk tJ cspfa&;qdkcJhwmayhg} ][if [kwfygbl;} v0g auG;auG;av;onf a&wGif;ab;&Sd iSufaysmyifMum;wGif ckdykef;ae[ef&Sdonf/ olykef;ckd&m iSufaysmzwf pdrf;pdrf;av;rsm;udk Nrpdrf;a&mif Nzef;ay;xm;onf/ iSufaysmvufrsm;u b,fnm ,drf;EGJU aeMuaomtcg vauG;auG;onf 0if;ceJ vif;ceJ acgif;NyL NyD; nDaxG;wkdUudk EIwfqufavonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]'Dvdk 'Dvdkyg olUudkom aNymcJhwm? igcspfaewJh aumifrav; awmh&Sdw,f? tJ'geihfoli,fcsif;awGawmh r[kwfbl; eifyJvdkU? 'gayrJh aNymr,hfomaNymwm odyfNyD; tav;teuf &SdvSw,fawmhr[kwfyg bl;? olUudk cspfa&;qdkwmvnf; r[kwfbl;? uRefawmfcspfw,fqdk wmukdom today;cJhwm? olUudk uRefawmfcGihfvTwfedkifwhJwpfaeU ,lr,fqkdwmukdom today;cJhwm} ]rif;[m txufpD;usvSacsuvm; nDaxG;&m} ]oluvnf; tm;MuD; vlyg;0w,f} nDaxG;onf udkvwf\ycHk;udk rSDvdkufonf/ oHk;ESpfcefUuGmaom toufonf i,fpOfu xGm;usdKif;Nrifhrm;yHkcsif; uGmapcJhaomfvnf; touftpdwftydkif;avmufwGifrl rodomawmhacs/ nDaxG;\ vufarmif;MuGufom;rsm;onf udkvwfenf;wl awmifhwif;rmausm vmMuonf/ i,fpOfuwnf;u vnfyif;zufNyD; twlwlupm;cJh aom i,fuRrf;aqGESpfOD;onf a&wGif;aygifab;wGif wpfOD;udk wpfOD; rDSíxdkif&if; tawG;rsm; NyefUvGihfaeMuonf/ ]nDaxG; rif; xrif;iwfzl;vm;} ]bmNzpfvdkUvJ} ]ppfom;qkdwm xrif;iwfwm rqef;bl;vdkU aNymMuvdkUyguGm? rif &JU ppfyGJav; bmav;taMumif; aNymNyygOD;? 'kdUrdaEGukd cP arh xm;Mu&atmif}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

udkvwfonf nDaxG;\ ycHk;ukd MuifempGm qkyfukdif&if;aNym onf/ aEG[laom rdef;uav;udk nDaxG;a&m olygtcdkuftwefU arhxm;vdkufMu&vQif &iftarm oufomzG,f&Sdonf/ aEGUt aMumif; udk nDaxG;udkqufNyD;awG;raeapcsifay/ ppfyGJwpf&mwdkufcJhaom ppf om;MuD;onf tcspfppfyGJwGifum; aoe*FAsL[menf; rSm;oNzihf taNcrvS Nzpf&&Smavonf/ udkvwfudk,fwdkifvnf; aEGUtaMumif; udk owdr&csif? rawG;csif? wrmyif&dyfwGif rsuf&nf0ef;0Jaom rsuf vHk;rsm;ukd aNrwGif pdkuf Munhf&if; acgif;av;iHkUum usefcJh&Smaom aEG/ aEGUtaMumif;udk awG;rdvQif olU&ifwGif;ü vdIufzdkum armEGrf; vmonf/ ]xrif;iwfwmawmh cPcP? xrif;r&awmh wpfcgwpfcg trJ aNcmufcsnf;yJ pm;&w,f? oGm;awGudkusdef;NyD; r0g;EkdifawmhwJh txd wpfywfavmuf trJcsnf;yJ pm;&w,f? wpfcg wavusawmhvnf; awmiSufaysmyifawG&JU tlwkdifudk pm;&w,f ukdvwf&? tv,ftl wkdifudk 'Dtwkdif;pm;? ab;utzwfawGudkawmh xrif; enf;enf;eJU tcsOfpdrfxm;&if tMumMuD;cHw,f? [dkbufydkif;awGu Armtpm;t pmeJU rwlbl;? olwkdUpm;wmu aumufnSif;qef ap;aewm acgufndk vdkUac:w,f? tJ'DaumufnSif;udk vufeJUvHk; NyD; yJykyf? r&rf;csOf a&m csufxm;wJh [if;av;eJUwkdUNyD; pm;Muwm? uRefawmfawmh tm;vHk; pm;wmyJ} ]pm;aumif;&JUvm; nDaxG;&,f}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

udkvwfu MuifempGm ar;rdavonf/ i,fpOfu nDaxG;avmuf taumif;pm;&ol r&Sdacs/wpfOD;wnf;aomom; NzpfoNzihf nDaxG;\ rdbrsm;u nDaxG;udk tppt&m&m *&kpdkufum tvdkvdkufavonf/ xdkUaMumifh vlwumay:wGif Adkvfuscsifaom nOfqkd;av;u nDaxG; \0dnmOfudk i,fpOfuwnf;u yl;uyfcJh avonf/ wpfcgw&H pdwf aumif;0ifvQif oli,fcsif;onf;nnf;udk awawayay cHwwfonf/ odkUaomf wpfcgwpf&HwGifum; olqkd;onfukd oli,fcsif;rsm;urenf; onf;cHMu&onf/ wpfzufom; tcH&cufatmif pum;vHk; MuD;MuD; us,fus,frsm;udk tay:pD; rS aNymwwfaomaMumihfNzpfonf/ ]ppfrwkdufwJh aeUawGusawmhvnf; ysif;p&m? &Jabmfav;awGeJU [dktaMumif;aNym 'DtaMumif;aNym pum;pNrnfav; aNymqkdaeMuwm aygh? wpfcgwavusNyefawmhvnf; wpfa,mufpcef;udk wpfa,muf odNyD; wufrodrf;Ekdifbl;? aoewfeJUyJ vSrf;ypfaeMu&w,f} nDnDaxG; rSDxm;aom a&wGif;aygif\ pdrfhpdrfhat;aeaom tat; "mwfudk ausmNyifrS tom;xJokdU pdrfh0ifaeonf/ ]ppcsif;wkduf&wJh wkdufyGJwkef;ursm; &ifawG'l;awGudk wkefae wmyJ? aoewfoHudk ppfwuúodkvf wufaewkef;u Mum;aeusrdkU &dk;aevdrfhr,fxifwm? 'gayrJh ppfaNrNyifrSm wu,fh aoewfypfMu? cwfMuNyD; aorif;awGu udk,fhem;u 0D;ceJ0D;ceJ Nzwfaeygvm;qkdNyD; od&wJh todMuD;u tifrwef acsmufcsm;p&maumif;wm? wpfcg wnf; rwfwwfMuD;&yf&if; aMumifaerdw,f/bmvkyf &rSef;vJ rod?


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

bmudkif&rSef;vJ rod? ab;rSm&SdwJh q&mMuD;u twif;qGJcsawmhrS 0yfrdawmhw,f} ]ckawmha&m} ]ckawmhvm; a&SUwef;rSm ESpfESpfqkdwJhtcsdef[m tMumMuD;ayhg? tawGUtMuHKaygif; aomif;aNcmufaxmif &SdaeNyD/ udk,fowfcJh&wJh vl awGvnf; trsm;MuD;? olwkdU owfoGm;wJhvlawGvnf; trsm;MuD;? toufqkdwJh 0dnmOfav;awG[m wNzKwfNzKwf aMuGoGm;ae Muw,f? vGihfaysmufoGm;Muw,f/ ppfom;wpfa,muf &Jabmf wpfa,mufao vkdU NrdKUrSm at;at;csrf;csrf;aeMuwJh olawGu aMomf wkdif;Nynfukd umuG,f&if; wpfa,mufawmh toufpGefU oGm;NyD&,fvdkU cPav;yJ awG;NyD; todtrSwfNyK&if auseyfvSygNyDAsm} ]rif;wkdU ppfwkduf&wm &ifxJrSm b,fvdkcHpm;&vJ [if? ig ar; wm &Sif;yhgrvm;rodbl;? wcsdKUawGu ppfukdrkef;w,f? wcsdKUawGu ppfukdaMumufw,fwJh? wcsdKUawGuawmh ppfwkduf&wmudk aysmfw,f av? rif;ua&m} nDaxG;onf &kwfw&uf awGa0oGm;avonf/ rsufarSmif MuKwfum iSufaysmf&Gufpdrf;rsm;udk ai;Munhfaeonf/va&mifqrf; aom iSufaysm&Guf pdrf;NrNrrsm;tay:wGif olwkdufcJh&aom ppfyGJrsm; udkNyefNyD; Nrifa,mifaerdonf/ toufpGefUoGm;aom &Jabmf &Jbuf rsm;\ rsufeSmudk wa&;a&; Nrifa,mifrdonf/ xdkUaemuf oufNyif; wpfcsufudk &Idufvdkufrdavonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]uRefawmf zwfzl;wJh uAsmav;wpfydk'fudk owd&w,f?pyfwJh olu armifcspfNrwfwJh} ]bmwJhvJ} nDaxG;onf acsmif;[efUum vnfacsmif;&Sif;vdkufonf/ xkdU aemuf cyfwkd;wkd;&GwfNyavonf/ ]a&cJawmifawGu aeudk qD;MudkaecsdefrSm oJuEÅm&um; aetm; xGuf&ef eSifxkwfae\/ uEÅm&yifawGu a&udk vdkvm; awmifhwaercsdefrSm urf;em;opfyifum; a&tm;

/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

cg;oD;rkef;wD;ae\/

rpE´m

/

rD;yHk;ysHawGu avudk rsufESmcsdK aoG;aecsdefrSm za,mif;wkdifrD;u avtm; MuHK;0g; rmefzDae\/

/

'gayrJh ppfaNrrSm? igeJU&efol wlaom qE´&SdMu\/ wJhav} udkudkvwfonf nDaxG;\vufudk MuifMuifemem qkyfudkif vdkuf&if; ar;vkdufonf/ ]bm qE´wJhvJ} ]uAsmemrnfu Nidrf;csrf;a&; wJh} nDnDaxG;onf ausmufywfwD; twGif;rS ,m;,Haeaom vuf udk iHkUMunhfaeonf/ NzdK;NzdK; Nzif;Nzif;eSifh ,m;aeoNzihf atmifhtnf;


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

onf;cHae&onf/ ausmufywfwD;NzLNzLudk iHkUMunhf&if;acwÅrSs arhavQmhoGm;cJhaom aEGUudk nDaxG; owd&vmNyefavonf/ aEGi,f pOfu aumfywf&kyfav;rsm; vufNyKwf? aNcNyKwfNzpf oGm;aomtcg rsm;wGif olUt&kyfuav; vufusdK;oGm;NyD? aNcusdK; oGm;NyDESihf ,lusHK; r& Nzpfavh&Sdonf/ wpfcgwpf&H MudK;eSihfodkif;NyD; qufay;wwfonf/ tyJht&GJU t&kyfuav;rsm;udk vTihfrypfbJ vlemozG,f NyKpkwwfaom aEG\ tNyKtpkESihf t,kt,udk nDaxG;onf wrf;waerdonf/ ]wpfcgwav wyfxJrSm &JabmfawGpkNyD; tdrfvGrf;wJhtaMumif; rdef;r&SdwJhvlu rdef;raygh? &nf;pm;&SdwJhvlu &nf;pm;aygh?aNymMu qkdMu vGrf;Mu&if; uRefawmf rdaEGudk odyfowd&wmyJ? uRefawmfwkdU [m 'DavmufcifwJh oli,fcsif;awG? rdaEG uRefawmhfukd cspfvdrfhr,f vdkUyJ xifcJhrdw,f/ olbmvdkU rcspfwmvJ rodbl;? 'kdU uawmh olU ukdtNrJyJ owd&aew,f? wpfaeUus&if olUukd,lr,fvdkUyJ ukdvwf &,f rdaEGudk uRefawmfcspfw,f odyfcspfw,fAs? rdaEGuawmh uRef awmhfukd rcspf} nDnDaxG;onf &kwfw&uf aygufuGJoGm;ovdk cyfus,fus,f aNymvdkufNyD;rS olUtoHonf wdceJNywfusoGm;avonf/ &kwfw&uf wdrf0ifoGm;avonf/ udkvwfonfvnf; oufNyif;wpfcsuf[if;ceJ csvdkufNyD; rsufpdudk pHkrSdwfxm;vdkufrdonf/ olU &ifxJwGif wif;usyf NyD;emusifaeonf/nDaxG;tawGufavm? aEGUtwGufavm?olUtwGuf yifavm aumif;aumif; rcGJNcm;wwfay/ oHk;a,mufvHk; twGuf vnf; NzpfEdkifonf/ wpfOD;pDtwGuf vnf; NzpfEkdifonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

olwkdUESpfOD;vHk; bmpum;rQ raNymNzpfbJ NidrfoufpGm xdkifaerd Muonf/ wpfOD;ESihfwpfOD; ycHk;csif;xduyfum? acgif;csif;qkdifum ,SOfvsufxdkifNyD; idkifaeMuaomfvnf; pum;aNym&ef arhoGm; Muav onf/ iSufaysm&Guf pdrf;pdrf;rsm;Mum;rS vGwfvGwfuRwfuRwf xGuv f m aom vrif;i,f\ab;wGif wdrv f dIif;tNzLav;rsm;u w&dyf&dyf aNy; aeonf/opf&Gufrsm;udk wkd;a0SUaNy;vmaom avNynfat;onfolwkdU \qHyifrsm;udk rxdwxd wkdUcwf usDp,foGm;Muonf/ ywf0ef;usif onf om,mvSaomfvnf; olwkdUonf owdrxm;rdMuacs/ tawG; wGif epfaNrmNyD; toufudk arhwpfcsuf avsmhwpfcsufom &IaerdMu onf/ ]udkvwfa& b,fESem&DvJ} nDaxG;u ar;aomtcgrS udkvwfonf olUem&Dukd va&mif rIef0g;0g;0,f iHkUMunhfrdonf/ rSdefysys tvif;a&mif0,f em&Dvuf wHwdkav;u udk;*Pef;ESihf q,f*Pef;tMum; nTefNyaeNyD; vufwH &Snfav;u &Spf*Pef;wGif nTefNyvsuf&Sdonf/ ]udk;em&D cGJNyD;NyD} ][if} nDaxG;onf &kwfw&uf oufNyif;csvdkufum cyfawmihfawmihf av; NzpfoGm;onf/ &Da0aeaom rsufvHk;rsm;onf rIefrdIif; oGm;Mu onf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]udk;em&Dawmif rodvdkufbl;} ]bmNzpfvdkUvJ} ]uRefawmfwkdUawG wpfcgwkef;u pkNyD; pum;aNymMuw,f? &J abmfav;awGeJUayhg? ckvdknyJ? aemufwpfaeU ppfqifa&; xGuf& r,fav? &Jabmfwpfa,mufu &kwfw&uf ar;w,f? b,fESem&D vJwJh? tckvdkyJ udk;em&DcGJyJ? 'Dawmh tJ'D&Jabmfu trSwfw&aNym w,f? ppfxGufa,muFsm;qkdwm aopum; raNymaumif;bl;wJh? 'gayrJh tck ppfxGufMu&r,f? ppfwdkufMu&r,f? b,folaovdkU b,fol&SifNyD; b,fol'ku©dwNzpfr,fqkdwm b,folrS raNymEdkifyg bl;wJh? 'gayrJh 'DwyfpkxJu aooGm;wJholukdawmh usefwJholawG u udk;em&DcGJwkdif; ]aMomf wkdif;NynftwGuf toufpGefUoGm;wJh 'dkU&Jabmf&,f} vdkU trSwfw&av; &Sdprf;yg/ owd&prf;ygwJhAsm/ olwkdUawG toufpeG fUoGm;wmudk olUaqG olrsdK;? olUrdb? olUom; r,m;tNyif owd&wJhol &Sdapcsifao;w,fwJh} nDaxG;onf olU&Jabmfrsm;udk owdw&ESihf &if0,fvdIif;cwf vmonf/ ]tckqkd&if olvnf;usoGm;NyD? aemuf oHk;av;ig;a,muf vnf; usoGm;NyD? uRefawmfav udk;em&DcGJwkdif; olwkdUudk owd&rdw,f? olwkdUaNymoGm;wJh pum;udkvnf; avmavmvwfvwf Mum;rdw,f} nDnDaxG;onf ukv d wf\ nmvufukd nSpfcgvdkufum ae&mrS xvdkufonf/ ywf0ef;usifwGif rIef0g;0g; tvif;a&mifav;ESihf wdwf


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

qdwfNcif;u rif;rlaeonf/ Mu,fa&mif vJhvJhvif;aom aumif;uif wGifvnf;aumif;? opfyifav;rsm;ESihf pdkNynfvef;qef;aeaom aNr om;wGifvnf;aumif;?yef;&eHUarT;arT;udk o,faqmifvmaom avxk twGif;ü vnf;aumif;? aorif;\ vufwHrsm;onf ae&mtESH udk,f a&mifazsmufNyD; usufpm;aeMuonf/ ]aEGUtwGuf pdwfawG axGaea0aewmeJU uRefawmf udk;em&DcGw J m awmif rodvkdufbl;? uRefawmhf&JU wrvGefu&JabmfawGudk owdr& vdkuf&bl;} nDaxG;onf wrvGefrS &Jabmfrsm;udk awmif;yef[efESihf aNymNyD; tdrfaemufbufokdUcyfav;av;xGufoGm;onf/ udkvwfwkdU tdrfonf tkwfwkduf r[kwfao;aomfvnf; ,cifvdkvnf; 0g; Murf;cif;aom wJi,f r[kwfawmhacs/ ysOfaxmiftdrf oefUoefU av;NzpfaeayNyD/ nDaxG;twGuf tcef;owfowf ray;Ekdifapumrl udkvwf\ tcef; wGif wpfa,muftdyfckwifwpfvHk; xyfoGif;vdkufNcif;Nzihf nDaxG;ESihf udkvwf ,SOfvsuftdyfum nvHk;ayguf avuefekdifavonf/ ukdvwfonf ae&mrS av;uefpGmxNyD; nDaxG;aemufodkU cyf oGuo f Guf vdkufoGm;onf/ olUem;okdUuyfvmonfh udkvwfudk vSnhf rMunhfbJ nDaxG;onf pdwfvIyf&Sm;aeaom toHESihfar;avonf/ ]aEG uRefawmhfudk bmvdkU vufrcHwmvJ} ]nDaxG;&,f} ]olUrSm cspfolrsm; &SdaeNyDvm;? ukdvwf rodbl;vm;}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

udkvwf\ &ifxGJwGif 'def;ceJNzpfoGm;onf/ aEG\ rsuf&nf a0h0Jaeaom rsufvHk;ndkav;rsm;udk Nrifa,mifNyD; &ifxJwGif emusif wif;usyfoGm;onf/ vufzsm;rsm;vnf; rodrom at;vmavonf/ nDaxG;onf udkvwf\cg;udk w&if;wEDS; vSrf;zufum qufaNym onf/ ]aEGu cspfp&maumif;w,faemf} ]at; aumif;ygw,fuGm} ]olUrSm &nf;pm;&SdOD;rSm r[kwfygbl;aemf? cspf&r,hfol &SdOD;rSm r[kwfygbl;aemf} ]&Sdr,f rxifygbl; nDaxG;&m} udkvwfonf aNcmufuyfaomtoHESihf aNzodrfhpum; aNymvdkuf onf/ wpfcsdefwnf;rSmyif ae&mrS ckefaygufum xGufaNy;NyD; toH ukef [pfvdkufcsifpdwfvnf; ay:vmavonf/ udkvwfonf aEGUudk vnf;cspfonf/ nDaxG;udkvnf; cspfonf/ wpfzef aEGUudkvnf; rkef; NyD; nDaxG;udkvnf; rkef;Nyefonf/ xkdUaemuf aEGUudkoem;NyD; nDaxG; udkvnf; oem;Nyefonf/ olUpdwftpOf onf rkefwkdif;'PfcH&aom uefa&NyifozG,f vdIif;abmifbifa0 aeavonf/ ]udkvwfa&m rawGUao;bl;vm;} ]tylrD;awGyg nDaxG;&,f}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

tylrD; avmifNrdKufaeaom ukdvwfu cyfwkd;wkd; aNzonf/ tdrf xJodkU tNref0ifNyD; tcef;qDodkU oGufoGufvSrf;um pum;p Nzwf&ef MudK;pm;aomfvnf; nDaxG;onf udkvwfaemufrS wef;wef;ygatmif vdkufvmonf/ ]udkvwf 'Dt&G,fa&mufaeNyD cspfzl;wJhvlawmh &SdrSmyg? rnm ygeJUAsm} ]at; &SdcsifvJ &SdrSmayhg} ukdvwfonf tdyf&may:okdU ypfvSJum csnfapmifyg;udk qGJ NcHk vdkufonf/ nDaxG;u olUtdyf&molroGm;bJ udkvwf\ ab;wGif0if xkdifavonf/ udkvwf\ rsufESmudk tuJcwfMunhf&if; cyfqqar; onf/ ]rkd;vm;} ]xyf aw &D} ukdvwfonf 0kef;ceJ xxkdifvdkufonf/ nDaxG;udk rsufvHk; MuD;NyL;í Munhfrdonf/ NyL;wl; NyJwJNzpfoGm;aom ukdvwfukd Munhf&if; nDaxG;onf £aNE´raqmifEkdifbJ [uf[ufyufyuf &,f vdkufavonf/ ]aEGu [dkt&ifwkef;u aNymzl;w,f?ukdvwfMuD; rdk;ukdrsm; MudKufovm; rodbl;wJh? olu rkd;udkr&awmhvdkU udkvwfu at;at; aq;aq; vlysdKMuD; vkyfaew,fvkdU xifaew,f? olu xifrd&if wpfzufowf}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]MuHMuHzefzefuGm? rkd;[m ihgoli,fcsif;? wu,fhudk a,musFm; av;vdk aygif;cJhwm? rdaEGwpfaumifuom i,fuwnf;u aysmhpd aysmhEGJUeGJUav;eJU rdef;rykHaygufwmaemf? rdk;u usef;awmav;? ighpdwf xJrSm rkd;udk MudKufzdkU raNymeJU a,muFsm; rdef;rawmif odyfruGJbl;? acG;rav; rdaEG r[kwfr[yfqkd&if tawmf awG;wwfw,f? tusdK; enf;} udkvwfonf &I;&I;&Sm;&Sm;aNym&if; Nyeftdyfcsvdkufonf/ &ifxJ wGif a'govdIif;ekekav;u qla0wufaeonf/ rcHcsdrcHom Nzpfae onf/ odkUaomfvnf; xdkpdwfrsm;udk wGifwGifMuD; rsdKcsypf ae&onf/ twefi,f Nrihfwufvmaom vauG;auG;onf Nywif;ayguf tpGefrSaeí tcef;wGif;odkU apmif;iJhMunhfae[ef&Sdonf/ udkvwf onf csnfapmifyg;udk acgif;txd qGJNcHKvdkufaomfvnf; nDaxG;\ toHudkrl Mum;ae&ao;onf/ nDaxG;onf olUtdyf&mwGif wapmif; tdyf&if; v0gukd ai;Munhfaeonf/ ]i,fuRrf;aqG} oDcsif;udk wkd;wdk; av; qkdaeavonf/ ]aw;qkdMu? aysmfMuwmawG? i,fi,fu obm0taNc? Nrifa,mifvkdUae? ckaersm; [dkacwftcgawG awG;Munhf&ifav vGefuGmNcm;ay/

NyefvkdUrsm;

azmfwpfoif;awG pkvdkUumav? NrL;aysmfMuay? rkd;Owka&muf &ifav? Nrpfacsmif;? a&acsmif;uefUuma0? aw;csdKcsdK oDqkd &if;Nzihf i,fcspfaqGa&? pdwfu a&mf&rf;? arQmfrSef;umae}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]azmfwpfoif;awG pkvdkUumav? NrL;aysmfMuay? rkd;Owka&muf &ifav? Nrpfacsmif;? a&acsmif;uefUuma0? aw;csdKcsdK oDqkd &if;Nzihf i,fcspfaqGa&? pdwfu a&mf&rf;? arQmfrSef;umae} rkd;onf aysmf&TifpGm [pfatmfoDqdkvdkufonf/xkdUaemuf olUab; wGif csxm;aom bDpupfrkefUwpfcsyfudk nDaxG;wkdUrodatmif yg;pyf xJ xdk;xnhfvdkufavonf/ olUab;wGif bDpupfrkefUomru 0uftl acsmif; tpdrf; oHk;awmihf&Sdonf/ bmig;rSef;rodaom ig;wpfaumif vnf;&Sdonf/ 0uftlacsmif;onf nDaxG;wkdUtdrfrS NzpfNyD; ig;onf um; arar aps;0,fvmaom Ncif;awmif;xJrS rdk; tvpfokwfvmNcif; Nzpfonf/ ykpGefwkyfMuD;ESpfaumifudkvnf; aEGonf rD;zdkacsmifudktydkif pm;&aom xrif;csufMuD; bMuD;omqdkifqDrS rsufESmcsdKaoG;NyD; awmif;vmcJhonf/ udkvwfuvnf; olUtdrfrS rmvumoD; yGyGcsdKcsdK MuD;rsm; cl;cJhonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

pí tMuH&olu nDaxG;Nzpfonf/ aysmfyGJpm;xGufwrf; upm;& atmif[k qkdaomtcg tm;vHk; vIdufvdIufvSJ oabmwlonf/ aysmfyGJpm;xGuf&ef ae&mudkum; a*gufoD;uGif;ab;&Sd uefudkom a&G; cs,f&onf/ tNcm;ae&mvnf; r&Sd/ uefoHk;qifhbufodkUvnf; ararwdkUu rvTwfacs/ a&aqmhrnfpkd;aomaMumifhNzpf\/ xkdUaMumihf tdrfESihf eD;eD;em;em; bJa&uef aemufusdusdav; ab;odkUom a&muf vmMuonf/ nDaxG;onf rD;yHkao;ao;av;wGif zifaxmifNyD; wzl;zl; ukef; rIwfaeonf/ tdrfuvlMuD;rsm; rodatmif ,lvmaom rD;aoG;ESihf teD;tem;&Sd opfudkif;opfcuf taNcmufav;rsm;uyg ulaomtcg rD;yHkaumif;aumif;av; wpfyHk&onf/ rD;cJ&J&Jwufvmonf/ ig;ESihf ykpGefudk 0g;cRefwGif wHpdkUxdk;NyD; rD;yHkwGif vSnhfywf rD;uifaom tvkyfudk rkd;u vkyfcsifaomfvnf; nDaxG;u ray;acs/ xdkUaMumifh 0uftlacsmif; rD;uifaomtcgusvQif rdk;u oluifrnf[k MudKwif aMunmxm;&onf/ tefu,fvfa*smfeDwdkU tdrfu yifrSnfhoD;ckd;aom tvkyfudkrl udkvwfESifhaEGu wm0ef,l&avonf/ rkd;ESihfnDaxG; onf vlv,fvkyfNyD; tpm;taomufrsm;em;wGif uyfae&pfMuav onf/ ]a[m udkvwfwkdU vmNyD} rkd;u vSrf;arQmfMunhfNyD; 0rf;omtm;& atmfonf/ udkvwfESifh aEGonf a*gufuGif;udkNzwfNyD; tarmwaum aNy;vmaeMuav


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

onf/ olwkdUvufxJwGif yifrSnhfoD; av;ig;vHk;pD ayGUykdufxm;Mu onf/ ][m; armvdkufwm? renf;aNy;cJh&w,f} ]bmNzpfvdkUvJ} ]'dkUawG cl;aewkef; tefu,fvfa*smfeDMuD; NcHxJqif;vmwmawGU vdkU NcHpnf;&kd;wkd;NyD; aNy;&w,f} ]awGUoGm;vm;} ]awGUygbl; 'Du vsifwmayhg} aEGonf olU*g0efem;eSifh xkyfxm;aom yifrSnhfoD;rsm;ukd aNr ay:okdU oGefcsvdkufonf/ *g0efausmbufydkif;onf NcHpnf;&dk;ESihf Nidum pkwfNyJoGm;onfudkyif aEG rodcJhacs/ url;&I;xkd; wkd;NyD;xGuf cJh&aomaMumihf Nzpf\/ ]nDaxG;a& rusufao;bl;vm;} ]udkvwfu arT;ysHUvmaom ykpGefrD;uifeHUudk &I&dIuf&if; qmvm ovdk ykpGefrD;uifudk oHy&moD; nSpfpm;vQif aumif;rnf[k tMuH aygufvmaomaMumifh udkvwfonf tdrfwpfcgNyefum oHy&moD; cl; &Nyefavonf/ aEGESihfrdk;onf owif;pmpuúLrsm;udk NzefUcif;um ygvmorQ pm;aomufzG,f&mrsm;udk NyifqifaeMuonf/ iSufaysmoD;av;vHk;? bDpupfudk;csyf? ykpGefeSpfaumif? ig;uifwpfaumif? yifrSnhfoD; q,hf


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

wpfvHk;? rmvumoD; av;vHk;? 0uftlacsmif; oHk;acsmif;ESihf NrdKifNrdKif qkdifqkdif &Sdonf[k xifrdonf/ 0uftlacsmif;udk rD;uifaom tcgüum; anSmfeHum; ysHUxGuf vmavonf/ qDpufuav;rsm;onf rD;aoG;&J&Jay:odkU &SJueJ &SJueJ usoGm;aeMuonf/ ]ykpGefukd tcGHcGmvdkufr,faemf} aEGonf ykpGefwkyfauG;&J&JMuD;udk tcGHcGmvdkufonf/ ylaEG;NyD; NzLazG;aeaom tom;onf arT;aeonf/ el;nHhaeonf/ acgif;buf wGif tqDrsm;onf pkNyD;cJaeonf/ ausmukef;bufrS acs;aMumif;rJ rJav;udkvnf; bvdwf"m;ESihf yg;yg;cGJum xkwfypfvdkufonf/ aEG onf ykpGefwkyfMuD;udk Munhf&if; wpfa,mufwn;f pm;ypfcsifpdwf aygufvmonf/ bMuD;omqkdifqDu av;aumif&atmif rawmif;Edkif cJhonfhtwGufvnf; udk,fudkukd,f rausreyf Nzpf&onf/ ]0uftlacsmif;av;awGu ao;oGm;w,f} nDaxG;onf rnf;NyD; ao;oGm;aomf 0uftlacsmif;av;rsm;udk aEGUtm; vSrf;ay;onf/ 0uftlacsmif; rD;uifonf 0uftlacsmif; aMumfovdk pm;csifp&m raumif;vSay/ tqDaNcmufNyD; rnf;oGm; uspfoGm;onf/ odkUaomf 4if;0uftlacsmif;oHk;acsmif;udkvnf; tnD trQ vSD;Nzwfum av;yHkyHk&rnfNzpfonf/ rkd;onf ta0rwnhfaom pm;aomufzG,f&mrms;udk bvdwf"m;av;ESihf vSD;um tnDtrQ cGJa0aeonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

tm;vHk; tqifoihfNzpfoGm;aomtcg oHyk&moD;tcl;oGm;aom udkvwf rvmao;oNzihf pm;aomufzG,f&mrsm;udk vufESihfyifrwkdU bJ udkvwftvmudk apmifhMu&Nyefonf/ qmavmifaeNyDNzpfaomf vnf;? pm;csifvSNyDNzpfaomfvnf; vlrpHkbJ rpm;vkdMuacs/ rkd;onf yifrSnhfoD; tcGHxdyfydkif;av;rsm;udk "m;ESihft0kdif;vdkuf vSD;Nzwfae onf/ tqifoifh pm;Edkif&ef Nzpfavonf/ a&uefxJwGif bJrsm; ul;cwfaeonf/ w*wf*wf atmfNrnfae aomtoHudk em;pdkufaxmif&if; aEGonf olwkdUawG bmaNymaeo enf;[k pOf;pm;aerdavonf/ bJacs;eHU eHaeaom a&Nyifudkvnf; MumrsdK;ig;yg;toGif; awG;xifNrifa,mifaerdavonf/ [dkwpfuGuf onfwpfuGufom NrufMurf;rsm;&Sdaom aNrNyifudkvnf; vJhvJhpdrf; aom Nrufcif;NyifMuD;ozG,f zefqif;Munhfaerdavonf/ ]udkvwfuvnf; Mumvdkufwm} nDaxG;u pdwfr&Snfovdk nnf;avonf/ aumif;uifNyifwGif NzLazG;aom AsdKif;wpftkyfu edrfhedrfhav; 0JysHoGm;onf/ olwkdU onf OD;av;oef; tdrfaemufbuf&Sd opfyifMuD;wGifaeaom AsdKif;rsm;Nzpf rnfxifonf/ olwkdUtdrfokdUoGm;vQif wpfuGwfuGwfNrnfaeaom AsdKif;atmfoHudk ta0;rSyif Mum;&onf/ wpfcgwav Mum;&onfrSm ta&;rMuD;aomfvnf;? xm0pOf Mum;ae&oltzdkUum; em;NiD;zG,f aumif;onf/ okdUaomf OD;av;oef;\rdef;ronf AsdKif;rsm; udkufcsD vmNyD; ypfxm;wwfaom ig;pdrf;rsm;udkaumufNyD; ig;ydodyf&aom aMumihf em;NiD;onfudk onf;cHekdifavonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]a[; pm;aeMuNyDvm;} ]rpm;Muao;ygbl;? NrefNrefvm} udkvwfonf oHyk&moD;tNyif oMum;tenf;i,fyg ,lcJhonf/ yifrSnhfoD;pm;&ef Nzpfonf/ wpfcgwpf&H yifrSnhfoD;onf twefi,f pdrf;ygu csOfwwfavonf/ oMum;ESihf a&maESmpm;ygrS tcsdK"mwf uJoGm;avh&Sdonf/ ]Mumvdu k fwmuGm? udkvwfuvJ} ]a':av;EGJUu a&aEG;tdk; wnfckdif;aevdkUuG? ighudkvJ NrefNrefNyef cJhwJh? aemufacs;awG e,f&OD;r,f} EGm;acs;rsm;onf tcsyfvdkufrmNyD; cJaeaomtcgrsm;wGif OD;av;pdefonf a&ESihfel;atmife,fNyD;rS pdkufcif;rsm;udk avmif;wwf avonf/ nDaxG;wkdUonf udkvwfudk a&xrf;? a&cyf? aNrwl;? aNrqG ulnDMuaomfvnf; EGm;acs;awmh wpfcgrQ ulNyD;e,fray; zl;acs/ udkvwfu t&ifvdkaeaomaMumifh olwkdUonf pm;aomufzG,f &mrsm;udk cyfNrefNrefyif pm;Mu&onf/ [kd[menf;enf; 'D[m enf; enf;ESihf vQmrESHU tmrESHU pm;&aomt&omonf yg;pyfxJwGif tlaMumifaMumif Nzpfaeonf/ ykpGEfuifonf wpfvkwfwnf;ESihf ukef oGm;onf/ ig;uifuvnf; wpfa,muf wpfzJhom&onf/ bDpupf udk ESpfcsyfESihf wpfpdwfpD&NyD; rmvumoD;wpfvHk;?iSufaysmoD;wpf vHk;uspDonf olwkdU yg;pyfxJwGif cPav;ESifh aysmufoGm;onf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

tm;vHk;pm;NyD;aomtcgrS yifrSnhfoD;udk vufpowfNyD; wpfazmuf azmuf 0g;pm;&if; aysmfyGJpm;Ncif;onf NyD;qHk;oGm;awmhonf/ ][if aysmfyGJpm;&wmvJ wpfrsdK;MuD;yJ} nDaxG;onf olUvufxJrS yifrSnhfoD;tcGHav;udk a&uefxJodkU vTihfypf&if; aMumifpDpDaNymonf/ udkvwfrSmrl yifrSnhfoD; aNy;cl;? oHyk&moD;aNy;cl;ESihf aysmfyGJpm;&onfukdyif bmrQrodvdkuf&&Smacs/ ]aysmfyGJpm;w,fqkdwm 'gyJvm;uG} udkvwfuvnf; rausreyfESihf aNymavonf/ rkd;ESihfaEGwkdU onfvnf; vQmreHSUtmreSHUESihf cPav; NyD;oGm;aom aysmfyGJpm;udk odyfrauseyfvSacs/ vlMuD;rsm; aysmfyGJpm;xGufvQif rkefUtrsdK;rsdK;yg onf/ xkdUNyif ydkumqGJMuonf/ bk&m;zl;Muonf/ a&eD;vQif avSpD; NyD; qkdMu? uMuonf/ uav;wkdU\ aysmfyGJpm;onfum; rkefUvnf; rpHkvS? zl;p&mvnf; bk&m;r&Sd? bJa&uef aemufusdusdwGifvnf; avSrpD;Edkif? xkdUNyif ydkumvnf; rqGJwwf? xkdUaMumifh pm;p&m ukef oGm;aomtcg NyD;oGm;awmhonf/ ]NyD;&if Nyefr,fuGm? aysmfp&mvnf; raumif;bl;} we*FaEGaeU &uftm;av;wGif upm;csif? Aqmhcsifaomfvnf; ta': OD;av;\ rsufeSmuJudktNrJMunhfae&aom udkvwfonf tdrfNyef&ef pdwfapmaeonf/ ]udkvwfuvnf; aeygOD;}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

nDaxG;u wm;avonf/ rD;MuGif;rD;pav;rsm; usefaeaom rD;yHkudk vufwpfzufESihf vSrf;qG&if; bmvkyfwrf; upm;&vQif aumif;rnfen;f[k pOf;pm;aerdonf/ ]'kdUawG MuD;vm&if 'DvdkyJpkNyD; aysmfyGJpm;xGufMu&atmifav? tJ'Dusawmh 'DxufaysmfrSmayhg? ckawmh pm;p&mu enf;enf;av;udk;} rkd;onf ae&mrS av;wGJUpGmx&if; aNymavonf/ aEGonfvnf; aMumifpDpDNyD;oGm;aom aysmfyGJpm;xGuf&Ncif;tvkyfudk twefi,f pdwfysufoGm;avonf/ aEGonf 'l;uav;axmufum xkdifvdkuf &if; rD;yHkab;rS NymyHkazG;azG;av;udk vSrf;NyD; usHK;,lvdkufonf/ tay:odkU ypfaNrmufNyD; vTihfMuJvdkuf&ef Nzpfonf/ avxJwGif wpfrIefpD 0JvGifh oGm;aom Nymrsm;onf tvGefMunhfí aumif;avonf/ ]tm; vm; vm;? ylvdkufwm &SD;} aEGonf olUvufukd ,rf;cg&if; atmfvdkufonf/ aEGu NymyHk xifaomfvnf; NymzHk;aomrD;usDcJonf olUvufwGif uyfygvmav onf/ ]tm ylw,f ylw,f} aEGonf olUvufudkol wzl;zl;ESihf rIwfaeonf/ vufacsmif; xdyfuav;rsm;onf ylusufNyD; csufcsif; zl;a,mifvmonf/ rdk;u vnf; tl,m;zm;,m; xum aEGUvufuav;rsm;udk avESihfrIwfay; aeonf/ rD;usDcJ &J&Judk tm;yg;w& qkyfudkifrdaom vufonf nmvufomqkdvQif wpfywfcefU pma&;Ekdifrnf r[kwf? xrif;pm;


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

Edkifrnfr[kwfacs/ b,fbufvufNzpfoNzihf awmfao;onf/tdrfom 0ifaomtcsdefrSty tNcm;tcsdefrsm;wGif uoduatmuf rNzpf&[k nDaxG;u taNy;tvTm; awG;aerdavonf/ olwkdUav;OD;om; rD;yHkudk a&ESihfavmif;um cyfoGufoGufav; NyefcJhMuonf/ aysmfyGJpm; upm;enf;udkum; av;OD;vHk; tawmfav; pdwfysufoGm;Muonf/ udkvwfonf vufuav; wcgcgNzpfaeaom aEGUudk Munhf&if; aqmh&aumif;vm;[k tNypfwifcsifao;onf/ ]rD;qkdwm aqmhp&mr[kwfbl;[} ]tdk aEGu rD;udk udkifwmrSr[kwfwm NymudkudkifwmyJ? bmNzpf vdkU NymatmufrSm rD;pMuD;u &Sd&wmvJ? &SD; &SD; ylygw,fqkdrS zl;} aEGonf rsufeSmuav; &Jvmum EIwfoD;aumif; vQmyg;ESihfNyef aNymonf/ olUcrsm tylavmif&onfhtxJ xyfNyD; tqlcHcsif[ef r&Sd acs/ rkd;onf aEGUvufudkqGJum tdrfbufokdU taNy;av;avQmuf&if; aNzodrhfovdk aNymavonf/ ]rD;cJ NymzHk;ae&if ydkylwmayhg aEG&JU? aemufqkd&if rD;raqmheJU aemf? tJ'Dvdk NymzHk;aewmMuD;awGu ydkdqkd;w,f rSwfxm;}

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]NymzHk;aewJh rD;cJrS oGm;udkifrdwm? ylvdkufwm wtm;yJ} aEGonf olUvufacsmif; oG,foG,fav;rsm;udk aea&mifwGif NzefUMunhf&I;f avESihfrIwfvdkufrdonf/ aEGUvufuav;udk t&kyfqkd; avmufatmif aq;Nymrsm; vdrf;xm;&onf/ ]orD;uvnf;uG,f rD;nSyfeJU udkifa&mayhg} ]owdarhoGm;w,f arar? &efukeftdrfrSmawmh a&eHqDrD;zdkeJU csufaeusqdkawmh rD;aoG;eJUcsuf&wm aMumifoGm;w,f} rD;zdkxJwGif rD;usDcJrsm;onf &Jaeonf/ rD;cJ&J&Jrsm; NrifvQif aEG onf ykpGefwkyfauG;MuD;rsm;udk rD;zkwfpm;csifpdwf ay:vmwwfonf/ rD;cJxJxkd;xnhfvdkufvQif csufcsif;eD&JNyD; arT;wufvmaom ykpGefeHU onf oGm;&nf,dkcsifp&m aumif;vSavonf/ ]nDaxG;eJU udkvwfudkvnf; xrif;pm;zdwfOD;av orD;? arar wkdU'DrSmaewm armifvwfu trsm;MuD; ulnDw,f? arareJUazazu tbdk;MuD;tbGm;MuD;qkdawmh ta&;&,f ta&mif;&,fqkd&if olUyJ tm;udk;&wmyJ} ][kwfuJh arar}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

aEGonf ararhudk acgif;ndwfNyvdkuf&aomfvnf; &ifxJwGifrl rtDrom Nzpfaeavonf/ udkvwfESifhnDaxG; ESpfOD;vHk;udk avmavm q,f rsufESmcsif;qkdif&rnfudk 0efav;aerdavonf/ nDaxG;udk vnf; rawGUcsif? udkvwfudkvnf; rawGUcsif/ ]oGm; orD; vufemMuD;eJU tdrfa&SUxGufawmhav? aemufaz; acsmifrSm bmrSs vkyfp&mr&Sdawmhygbl;} aEGonf rD;zdkacsmifrS a,mifvnfvnf xGufvmcJhonf/ ararh qDvmNyD; tem;,lae&oNzihf aEGUrsufESmav;rsm; Nynhfum yg;rsm;yif azmif;vmonf/ wpfaeUwpfaeU pmoifcef;ESihf ausmif;oifcef;pm urÇmuav;xJwGif vIyf&Sm;usifvnfae&aom aEGwdkUvdk ausmif; q&mr rsm;tzdkU tem;,l&ef trSefwu,f vdktyfvSonf/ okdUaomf aEG aumif;aumif; tdyfraysmfonfrSm oHk;av;nawmh &SdayNyD/ nOfhtarSmifwGif wG,f&mrJhovdk wpfOD;wnf;xkdifai;&if; tcsdefukef vGef cJh&onf/ aeUtcsdefwGif £ajE´rysuf aeekdifao;aomfvnf; nOfharSmif vmaomtcg b0udk t"dyÜg,f&Smaom pdwfonf aEGUudk MuD;pdk;vmwwfavonf/ Nywif;aygufwGif wdwfwqdwfvuf axmuf&yf&if; v0gauG;auG;av;qDrS tiftm;ESihf owÅdudk vSrf; arQmfNyD; awmif;rdonf/ tm;i,fpdwf? 0rf;enf;pdwfESihf rauseyfpdwf wkdUonf aEGU&ifxJwGif vdIif;vdk &dkufcwfaewwfMuonf/ ][if udkvwf? a[m nDaxG;? b,fwkef;ua&mufvJ? Munhfprf; bmrQvnf; toHray;bl;}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

aEGonf Nywif;aygufrSaeNyD; NcHaemufaz;udk arQmfMunhfae&mrS oufNyif;av;csum vSnhfvdkufonf/ {nhfcef;ukvm;xkdifwGif xkdif aeaom nDaxG;ESihfudkvwfonf aEGUukd wdwfwdwfqdwfqdwf Munhf aeMuavonf/ ]igwkdUawG 'DvdkyJ 0ifvmNyD; 'DvkdyJ 0ifxkdifwmyJ? aNcoHMum;vdkU vSnhfMunhfrvm; xifw,f? eif bmawG awG;aewmvJ? wpfcgwnf; ai;aevdkufwm} ]'DvdkyJayhg} aEGUrsufeSmav;onf eDa&mif oef;oGm;onf/ nDaxG;onf aEGUudk ai;pdkufMunhfaeNyD;rS zswfceJ rsufpdvTJvdkufavonf/ aEG onf &ifxJu &ifckefoHNrefaeaomfvnf; £ajE´rysufvSrf;um olwkdUa&SUwGif 0ifxkdifonf/ [dkwpfaeUu nDaxG;ESihf aEGaNymMuqkd Muonfh udpöudk ukdvwf odNyD;NyDvm;[kvnf; rodromav; tuJ cwfaerdavonf/ nDaxG;u aNymNyrnfvm;? raNymbJ aernfvm; aEGUpdwfxJwGif raocsm ra&&mvSacs/ ]tawmfyJ? ckewkef;uawmif araru aNymaewm? udkvwfeJU nDaxG;udk xrif;pm;zdwfOD;wJh? b,fawmh vmpm;rSmvJ} ]auR;wJhtcsdef pm;rSmayhg[m} ]nDaxG;ua&m b,fawmh NyefrSmvJ}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]eifu NyefapcsifvSNyDvm;? 'Davmufawmif Nyefapcsif&if eufNzef Nyefr,f} nDaxG;onf aEGUudk cyfwif;wif;vSrf;Munhfum abmufqwf qwfaNymavonf/ aEGouf oufNyif;wpfcsufcs&if; cGihfvTwfNyHK; NyHK;vdkufrdonf/ ]nDaxG;uvnf;uGm? aEGu NyefapcsifvdkU ar;wmrS r[kwfbJ pum;taeeJU ar;wmudk? bmvdkU txte aumufaewmvJ? bmvkdU pdwfqkd;wmvJ} ]ig pdwfqkd;wmrS r[kwfwm} ]'gNzihf bmNzpfwmvJ} ]tNrD;wdkwm} ][m; [m; [m; 'Dvdkqkd OD;OD;u aMumifMuD;ayhg} b,ftcsdefu olwdkUab; a&mufvmrSef; rod&aom zkd;atmif av;onf nDaxG;udk vufndk;xkd;NyD; &,faeonf/ uRJNrD;wkdaom yHkNyifukd Mum;zl;aomfvnf; zdk;atmifu 0ifazmufaomtcgwGifum; tNrD;wdkaom aMumifyHkNyifyif &Sd&OD;rnf xifonf/ nDnDaxG;onf &kwfw&uf aMumifwufwuf NzpfoGm;aomfvn;f zkd;atmifudk vSrf; zufum &,farmvdkufavonf/ &,farmvdkufaomtcg pdwfxJ wif;usyfaeaom a0'emonf twefi,f oufomoGm;avonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]aEG eifhvufu bmNzpfwmvJ} ]rD;cJ udkifrdvdkU} ]aqmhvdkufwm} ]aqmhwm r[kwfbl;? rD;cJNymzHk;udk NymrSwfvdkU udkifrdwm? rD;cJ tppfurS awmfao;w,f? rD;cJNymzHk;rsm; tm;MuD;ylw,f? tm;MuD; tNrifuwfp&m aumif;w,f} aEGonf olUvufukd olNzefUNy&if; udkvwfudk rodromav; apmif;Munhfrdonf/ zswfueJ vSrf;Munhfaom udkvwf\ rsufvHk; rsm;onfvnf; &Da0aeavonf/ ]'g[m olUobm0yJ? rD;cJwkdif; rD;cJwkdif;[m b,fNymzHk;csifygh rvJ[m? &J&Jawmuf aecsifrSmayhg? olUtaNctaet& NymzHk;ae&wm udk bmvkdU tNypfwifwmvJ} ]aEGawmh rkef;w,f} olUvufukdol avESihf zGzGav;rIwf&if; aEGonf EIwfcrf;av;rJh um aNymonf/ udkvwfonf oufNyif;udk usdwfNyD; &dIufvdkufav onf/ nDaxG;url aEGUudk awGawGa0a0 ai;armMunhfaeonf/ wpfywfvQdKqHxHk;0,f pHy,fyef;uHk;rsm; &pfacGyefqifxm;aom aEG\ tvSonf xif;ceJ 0if;raeaomfvnf; wpdrfhpdrfh xkdifMunhfcsifp&m aumif;onf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]aEGa& nu nDaxG;eJU 'kdUeJUaNymaerdMuw,f? aEGUrSm &nf;pm; rsm; &SdaeNyDvm;vdkU} aEGonf [uf[ufyufyuf &,farmvdkufrdavonf/ EIwfcrf; av;rsm;u &,faeaomfvnf; rsufvHk;ndkndkav;wGif rsuf&nfrsm; 0Jvmonf/ yg;uav;rsm; eDNref;um &kwfw&uf idkcsifvmonf/ ]aEGUrSmvm; &nf;pm;awmh r&Sdao;ygbl;? 'gayrJh} ]'gayrJh bmNzpfwHk;} ]cspfolawmh &Sdw,f} ][if twlwlayhg} nDaxG;u aNymavonf/ taNctaet&yf&yfudk MunhfNcif;tm; Nzihf ukdvwfudk nDaxG;onf tppt&m&m zGihfaNymNyD;NyDNzpfaMumif; odEkdifavonf/ aEGu acgif;udk Nznf;nif;pGm ,rf;cgvkdufonf/ ]b,fwlyghrvJ nDaxG;&,f? &nf;pm;qkdwmu wpfa,mufeJU wpfa,muf em;vnfrIeJUcspfMuwmyJ? Cspfolqkdwmuawmh udk,fh[m udk,f cspfaewmyJ? bmqkdifvJ} ]b,folvJ} nDaxG;u tavmwMuD; ar;avonf/ aEGonf idkrvdkrsufESm xm;av;ESihf NyHK;&,f&if; acgif;,rf;Nyonf/ nDaxG;\ tMunhfudk


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

&ifrqdkifbJ tylavmifxm;aom vufuav;udkom arSmufcsnf vSefcsnf &r,f&SmNyD; Munhfaeavonf/ ]zdk;atmifa& vmuGm? rif;u OD;OD;vwfudk rif;wdkUawGaqmuf xm;wJh 0g;tdrfav; Nyr,fqkduG? OD;OD;Munhfcsifw,f? vdkufNyygOD;} ukdvwfonf zkd;atmifudk vSrf;ac:um NcHxJokdU oGufoGufqif; oGm;avonf/ aEGonf udkvwf\ausmNyifudk pdkufMunhf&if; atmufEIwfcrf;udk rodromav; udkufvdkufrdavonf/ &ifxJwGif wkefcgum &dIufNyD; idkypfvkdufcsifpdwfukd renf; xdef;xm;&onf/ ]aNympr;f rdaEG? b,folvJ} ]nDaxG; r[kwfygbl;} ]b,fov l Jqkd? b,folvJ} ]raNymbl;} nDnDaxG;onf wkwfESihf ememt&dkufcH&olvdk qwfqwfcg ae avonf/ pdwfxJwGifvnf; emaeonf/ &ifxJwGifvnf; emae onf/ pdwfa0'em ul;pufum wpfukd,fvHk; OD;acgif;rS aNczsm;txd &Sd&SdorQ tom;rsm;onfvnf; emusifaeovdk cHpm;&onf/ ]aNymvdkUqkd} ]nDaxG;r[kwfbl;qkd NyD;a&mayhg}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]odw,f rdaEG igr[kwfrSef; odw,f? xyfxyfaNymraeeJU? ig owfrdvdrfhr,f? tJ'Dol[m b,folvJ? igodcsifw,f} ]nDaxG;eJU bmqkdifvdkUvJ} ]qkdifw,f qkdifw,f? eihfukd ig,lrSm} aEGonf oufNyif;&dIufum aemufaz;bufodkU vSrf;arQmfMunhfrd onf/ ararxGufvmvQif aumif;rnf/ okdUwnf;r[kwf azazNcHxJrS NyefwufvQifvnf; aumif;rnf/ a'gotkd;uGJum remvdkpdwf vTrf;rkd; aeaom nDaxG;onf awmfMumae aEGUukvm;xdkifESifh aNcESihf aqmihf uefcsif uefaeOD;rnf Nzpfonf/ ]aEG eifodyf&ufpufw,f odyf tonf;rmw,f? ighrSm bmtNypf &SdvdkU vufrcH&wmvJ? bmvdkU rMudKufwmvJ} ]nDaxG;&,f cspfw,fqkdwm ESvHk;om;a&;&myg? nDaxG;udk aEG rMudKufbl;vdkU raNymygbl;? nDaxG;rSmu rdef;uav;MudKufwJh t&nf taoG;awG &Sdaeom;yJ? vlawmf vlaumif;? rsdK;aumif; &dk;aumif;? a&SUrSm wufvrf;awGtrsm;MuD;&Sdw,f pHkvdkUayhg? aEG nDaxG;udkMudKuf ygw,f/ MudKufw,fqkdwm OD;aESmuf&JUtvkyfyJ? tJ cspfwmuawmh ESvHk;om;u vkyfwm? olUrSm rsufpdeJU em;rS r&Sdwm? cHpm;rIyJ&Sdw,f? olUudk trdefUay;vdkUr&bl;? twif;ckdif;vdkU r&bl;? olUcHpm;csuft wkdif; olqHk;Nzwfwmudk aEGcH&wmyJ? aEGUESvHk;om;ukd aEGawmif trdefU ay;vdkU r&bl;? olu aEGUpum;udkawmif em;raxmifbl;? tJ'g tJ'g udk nDaxG;u0ifNyD; trdefUay;csifao;vdkUvm;}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]at; trdefUay;w,f? trdefUay;vdkUrS r&&if tvum; tvkyf &IyfvSwJh eihfESvHk;om;MuD;ukd qGJxkwfypfr,f uJ} bkuefuef aNymaomfvnf; nDaxG;\toHrsm;onf wkef,ifae avonf/ xkdUaemuf ae&mrS 0kef;ueJxum aEGUudk ausmckdif;,if; cyfNrefNref qif;oGm;onf/ aEGonf ae&mwGif wkwfwkwfrQ rvIyf0Hhovkd NidrfNidrfouf oufusefcJhavonf/'Dnvnf; tdyfaysmfrnfr[kwfonfrSmusdef;ao vSonf/ Nywif;aygufwGif vufaxmuf&if; tarSmifwGif;udk arQmf Munhfum nv,fudk ukefqHk;ap&OD;rnf xifonf/ araronf aemufaz;aygufrSyif NcHxJokdU qif;oGm;[ef&Sdonf/ a&mifpHkyGihfaom yef;yifrsm;tMum;wGif azazESihf&yfvsuf pum; aNymaeonfudk vSrf;awGUae&onf/ url;&I;xkd; qifoGm;aom nDnD axG;onf azazwkdUudk rNrifbJ NzwfausmfoGm;avonf/ aEGonf toufudk rQOf;írSefrSef&Ium tarmaNyatmif MudK;pm;aerdonf/ &ifxJwGif vdIufaeatmif armaeaomaMumihf Nzpfonf/ Mudrfukvm; xkdifudk cyfavsmhavsmhav;rDum rsufpdudk pHkrSdwfxm;rdavonf/ cyfzGzGvSrf;vmaom aNcoHonf aEGUtem;wGif &yfwefUoGm;av onf/ aEGonf rsuf&nfrsm; pdrfh0Jaeaom rsufvHk;udk cyfNznf; Nznf; zGihfMunhfvdkufaomtcg olUa&SUwGif &yfaeaom udkvwfukd rIef0g;0g; awGU&avonf/ ]aEG eif nDaxG;udk bmawGaNymvdkufvJ}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]olUudk rcspfwJhtaMumif;ayhg} ]eif odyf&ufpufw,f} ]aMomf aEGu &ufpufw,fwJhvm;} ]nDaxG;crsm b,favmuf cHpm;ae&&Smw,f xifovJ? eif udk,fcsif;pmMunhfzkdU aumif;w,f} aEGonf rJhrJhav;NyHK;vdkufNyD; udkvwfudk cyfwif;wif;av; pdkuf Munhfrdavonf/ ]'DrSm udkvwf? udk,fhudk cspfygw,f? MudKufygw,f qkdwkdif; NyefrcspfEdkifwJh rdef;uav;? rMudKufekdifwJhrdef;uav;udk &ufpufw,f qkd&if aEGUudk &ufpufw,f rubl;? rkqkd;wpfykdif; rdef;r&dkif;vkdU aNymcsif&ifvnf; aNym? rwwfekdifbl;? aEG *&krpdkufbl;? rdef;uav; b0udk udkvwfwdkUu bmxifaeovJ? udk,fykdifcHpm;rI r&Sd&bl;vdkU owfrSwfxm;ovm;? 'Dvlwpfa,mufu MudKufvSygw,f? aoyg awmhr,fqkd&if 0dkif;NyD; oem;Mu? rdef;uav;u csufcsif;Nyef MudKuf &r,fayhgav/ rMudKufNyef&if rdef;r&kdif;vdkUaNym? Tciftrif rysuf apcsif? &efolrNzpfapcsifvdkU cyfat;at;eJU rSefwrf; qufqHNyef&if vnf; Mud;&Snf&SnfeJU vSefxm;w,f? toHk;csaew,feJU 0dkif;NyD; vufndk;xdk;MuNyefa&m? uJ b,fae&m vGwfovJ/ aEGxifw,f? rdef;rawG pum;rsm;w,f? twif;aNymw,fwJh rSefw,f/ 'gayrJh wcsdKUa,muFsm;awG[m rdef;rawGxufydkNyD; pum;rsm;ao;w,f/ wpfzufowf aNymwwfao;w,f/ udk,hfbufudk,fyif;NyD; rw&m;


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

aNymao;w,f? tJ'Dvdk vlrsdK;[m vlUavmurSm vllNzpfvmayr,fh tifrwef atmufwef;usw,f odvm;? tJ'DvlrsdK;awGudk aEG odyf txifao;w,f? aEG qkawmif;w,f? aemufNyD; arQmfvihfw,f? tJ'D vlawGMum;xJrSm udkvwfawmh rygygapeJU} udkvwfonf aEGUudk wtHhwMo vSnhfMunhfvdkufrdonf/ aEG onf a'gorMuD;pzl; a'goMuD;aeonf/ ]ig bmrsm;aNymao;vdkU? eifuvnf; a'goMuD;yJ} ][kwfw,f? a'goxGufp&m udpöav;awGu rsm;vm&if vlqkd wm rcHekdifbl; udkvwf&JU? aEGUrSm 'Dtouft&G,f a&mufaeNyD tawGUtMuHK&Sdoihfoavmufvnf; &Sdwmayhg? 'DvdkyJ aEGUukd cspfyg w,f? MudKufygw,f? vkdcsifygw,fqkdwJh olawGrStyHk? wcsdKUvl awG udkawmh aEG csD;usL;ygw,f/ rcspfEkdifbl;vdkU aNymvdkuf&if aemuf qkwfoGm;w,f/ oli,fcsif;tNzpf tciftrifrysuf qufqHvdkU& w,f/ wcsdKUusawmh wpfrsdK;? ywf0ef;usifudk vSnhftoem;cHNyD; ywf0ef;usifeJU zdw,f? vufwpfqpfavmuf ulnDNyD; wpfvHavmuf toHaumif;vTihfw,f? rdef;uav;udkvnf; olUudk toHk;csaewJh oltNzpf trsm;u xifvmatmif wGef;ydkUw,f? olUudk,folawmh odyfoem;p&maumif;wJh tcspfol&Jaumif;MuD;ayhg? tJ'Dvdk vlrsdK;awG udk aEGtm;MuD; rkef;w,f? ywf0ef;usifqdkwJh yef0ef;usifrSmvJ OD;aESmufqdkwm r&Sdbl;? a,muFsm;csif;qkd&if ydkqkd;ao;? olwkdUt csif;csif; rcHEdkifNzpfNyD; rMudKufedkifwJhrdef;uav;udkyJ yg;pyfvufeuf MuD;awGeJU 0dkif;Ncdrf;aNcmufNyD; wGef;Mu wdkufMuwmyJ? tm;MuD; &GHUp&m


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

aumif;w,f/ aEGu apmapmpDpD;MudKNyD; owday;xm;wmygudkvwf? atmifoG,fawmh vmrvkyfeJU} ]aEG&,f a'go enf;enf;avQmhygOD;} aEGonf yifhouf&dIufvdkufavonf/ &kwfw&uf qla0vmaom a'gorsm;udk vTwfxkwfvdkuf&oNzihf twefi,f tarm oufom oGm;onf/ rsufvHk;tdrfwGif &pf0dkif;aeaom rsuf&nfrsm;onfvnf; b,ftcsdefu Nyef0ifoGm;onf rod&acs/ aEGUrsufvHk;rsm;onf ukdvwfudk MunfMunfvifvif Nrifae&NyD Nzpfonf/ udkvwfonf aEGUudk pdwfrcsrf;omaom rsufESmxm;ESihf Munhfaeavonf/ ]uJ udkvwf bmaNymcsifao;vJ? nDaxG;awmfw,f? nDaxG; aumif;w,f? eihfudkcspfw,f? 'ghtNyif bmaNymcsifao;vJ aemufNyD; eif &ufpufw,faygh [kwfvm;} ]rdaEG&,f} ]tJ'gawG aNymrSmNzihf aNymraeeJU? avukefw,f a&SUaygufu qif;qif; aemufaygufu qif;qif;? Nyefayawmh} ]aEG toufrSefrSef&INyD; cPavmuf Nidrfaevdkufprf;yg? bmvdkU pum; odyfrsm;aewmvJ} aEGonf atmufeIwfcrf;av;udk oGm;ESihfzdudkuf&if; acwÅrQNIidrf aevdkufonf/ &ifxJwGif wkef[dkuf armyef;Ncif;u avsmhenf;oGm;


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

aomtcg? a'gorIefrsm; vGihfNy,foGm;aomtcg aEGU&ifwGif;okdU 0rf; enf;aMuuGJNcif;u tpm;xdk; 0ifa&mufvmNyefavonf/ udkvwfonfvnf; pm;yGJay:&Sd yef;tkd;xJrS opömyef;eDeDav;rsm; udk vufESihf rxdwxd udkifMunhf&if; Nidrfaeavonf/ aEGUudk tNypf wifpum;aNymcsifaomfvnf; raNym&Jawmhacs/ tu,fí olUwGif aNym&ef tiftm;ESihf owÅd&Sdygu nDaxG;bufrS a&SUaevdkuf&ef pOf; pm;cJhaomfvn;f ckawmh rpOf;pm;&Jawmhacs/ ]nDaxG;u odyfpdwfxdcdkufoGm;wm} ]aEGvnf; pdwfraumif;ygbl;} ]aEGu cspfwJhol &SdNyD;om;qkdwmudk;} ]b,fwwfekdifyghrvJ} ]wu,fa&m [kwfvdkUvm;} ]aEG bmvdkU nm&rSmvJ} ]olUudkyJ vufxyfr,fayhg} aEGonf acgif;udk Nznf;nif;pGm cg,rf;vdkufonf/ rsufawmif &Snfav;rsm;udk pif;idkufNyD; pm;yGJay:&Sd opömyef;av;rsm;udkom pdkufMunhfaeonf/ ]'DvdkyJ NzpfvmrSm r[kwfygbl;}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]bmNzpfvkdU} ]b0qdkwm udk,fNzpfcsifwkdif; NzpfwmrS r[kwfbJ? wcsdKUrdef;r awGu aNymw,f? rdef;rqkdwm a,musFm;eJUwef;wl tcGihfta&; &Sd& r,fwJh? aEG vufrcHygbl;? aEGwdkUqDrSmu cspfw,f? MudKufw,fqkd wm a,muFsm;up&wJh "avhyJ? rdef;uav;u t&dyfta,mifav; Ny&ifawmif rwihfw,fbl;av} ]tJ olu eifhpdwfukd rodbl;ayhg} ]tif; rodbl; xifwmyJ} ]odatmif vkyfygvm;} udkvwfu aEGUudk tuJcwf&if;aNymonf/ ]aEG taocHr,f? b,fawmhrQ rvkyfbl;} aEGonf EIwfcrf;ESpfvTmudk wif;wif;aphNyD; NywfNywfom;om; aNymavonf/ opömyef;&Guf cRefcRefav;rsm;onf opömyef;yGihfudk apmifhMuyfae aom vSHwHav;rsm;ESihf o@efwlavonf/ udkvwfonf yihfouf wpfcsuf &dIufvdkuf&if; xkdif&mrSxonf/ ]'kdUawG oGm;OD;r,f aEG} ]tif;}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

aEGonf armfrMunhfbJ acgif;ndwfNyvdkufonf/ udkvwfukd tdrf0txd vkdufydkUoihfaomfvnf; xkdif&mrS rxcsifatmif eHk;ae onf/ udkvwfonf tayguf0qDa&mufrS cyfwkd;wkd;vSrf;aNymav onf/ ]nDaxG;udk pdwfoufom&mav; &atmif wpfckckawmh aNymyg vm; aEG&,f} ]aEG bmaNym&rvJ} ]olUudk bmaMumihf rcspfEdkifbl;qkdwm NzpfNzpfayhg? wu,fvdkU olNyifcsif&if Nyif&atmifav} udkvwf\toHonf wkefaeonf[k aEGxifonf/ aEGu cyfNywfNywfav; NyefaNymvdkufaomtcg udkvwfqDrS yifhouf&dIufoH udk Mum;&avonf/ ]rcspfwm&JU t&Sif;qHk;taNz[m rcspfwmbJ? cspfwm&JU t&Sif; qHk;taNz[mvnf; cspfwmbJ? olUrSm bmtaMumif;NycsufrQ r&Sdbl;}

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

rdk;&,f rcspfwm[m rcspfvdkUayhguG,f? ESvHk;om;u appm;wJh cspfNcif;arwÅmrSm taMumif;Nycsuf &Sdyhgrvm;? bmvdkU cspfvJ qkdwJhar;cGEf;twGufa&m taNz&Sdyhgrvm;? &Sdr,fqdk&if tJ'D taNzudk aEG odcsifvdkufwmaemf/ rdk;u wpfcgwkef;uaNymzl;w,f? tcspfqkdwm opfyifeJU wlw,fwJh? ESvHk;om;u aNrMuD;wJhav? opfyifav; paygufNyD qkduwnf;u oHa,mZOf cifrif wG,fwmrI pwJh a&awGavmif; ray;&if opfyifav; ndSK;NyD; aooGm;rSmygwJh? Tyifayguf uav; aygufvmpuwnf;u aNrMuD;xJu qGJeIwfvdkuf&if vufcHaNrrSmvJ bmrQ txdtcdkuf temw& r&Sdygbl;wJhav? aNrydkif&Sif[m raygufoihfwJh opfyif rayguf&atmif Ekwfwef Ekwf? ckwfwef ckwf&,fwJh? rdk;&JU tawG;rSm OD;aeSmuftiftm;u pdk;rdk;aew,f? eSvHk;om;O,smOfudk OD;aeSmufqkdwJh O,smOfrI; MuD;u apmihfMuyfae&r,fayhgaemf? 'gayrJh tJ'DO,smOfrI;MuD;u wpfcgwav wm0efrauswwfbl;? olUaNrMuD;rSm t&GufawG pdrf;a0aewJh tyifMuD;wpfyif[m ol rodvkdufbJ MuD;MuD; xGm;xGm; aygufaew,fqkdygawmh? tyifMuD;u MuD;vGef;awmh


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

OD;aESmufO,smOfrI;MuD;uvnf; rxGifEkdif rckwfEdkifawmhbl;/ 'Dvdkqkd bmvkyfoihfovJ rdk;&,f aNymprf;ygOD;/ rkd;u 'Davmuf MuD;aewJhtyifMuD; &SIifygapawmhvdkUrsm; aNymrvm; rodbl;/ &SifcGihf ay;xm;&atmifuvnf; rdk;&,f tJ'Dtyifu &Gufpdrf; &GufopfawGawmh pdrf;aeyg&JU? a0aeyg&JU pnfyifaeyg&JU 'gayrJh yef;vnf; yGihfrvmygvm; rkd;a&? rdk;&JU aEGav vlr&SdwJh urÇmav;rSm cPav; oGm;aecsifw,f/ rdk;a& 'Dpmudk a&;r,hfoma&;ae&wm rkd;zwf&rSm r[kwfyg bl;/ bmvdkUvJqkdawmh a&;NyD;&if aEGu qkwfypfvdkufrSm rkdUvdkU ayhg? aEGU&ifxJrSm wif;usyfaewmawG avsmhoGm;atmifvdkUom a&;aewm? rdk;qDukd xnhfNzpfrSm r[kwfygbl;? rdk;a& b0 opfudkif;av;udk MuGufrnf;av;u udkufcgeD;NyefNyDayhg? tcsdef wdkif; tcsdefwdkif;? rdepfwkdif; puúefUwkdif;rSm aEGwdkU[m aorif; eJU eD;vmaeMuNyD? tJ'gudk bmvdkU raMumufrvefUbJ avmb? a'go? arm[ yGm;ae&wmvJ rodygbl;aemf/ b0qkdwm wkdwkdav;yg rkd;&,f? wu,hfukd wkdwkdav; cPuav;? wa&GUa&GUeJU r&yfrem; oGm;aewJh tcsdef&xm;MuD; rSm aEG&,f? rdk;&,f? ukdvwf&,f? nDaxG;&,f ra&S;raESmif; ckdqGJ wufcJhMuw,fav? aemufNyD; wpfa,mufNyD; wpfa,muf wpfNzKwfNzKwfeJU ckefqif;NyD; aecJhMu&OD;rSmaemf? tcsdef&xm; MuD;uawmh r&yfrem; oGm;aerSmyJav? aEGwdkU[m &xm;wGJ wpfckxJrSm qkHMuwJh b0c&D;onhfav;awGyg/ b,fol[m


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

b,fblwmrSm b,ftcsdefrSm qif;&rvJqkdwmudkawmh MudKrod edkifbl;ayhgav? aEGt&ifvm;? rkd; t&ifvm;? udkvwf t&ifvm;? nDaxG; t&ifvm; b,folodEdkifyghrvJ/ b,fol t&ifqif;cJh& NyD;? b,folu aemufrS qif;&r,fqkdwm rodayr,hf aocsm wm wpfckawmh &Sdw,fav? tJ'guawmh aEGwdkU av;a,muf vHk;[m wpfa,mufNyD;wpfa,muf tcsdef&xm;MuD;ay:uae ckef qif;Mu&r,f qkdwmyJayhg? aEGwkdU qif;ae&pfcJhNyD;wJhtcg rdi,f av;wkdU zkd;atmifav;wkdU[m olwkdU&JU c&D;azmfav;awGeJUtwl qufNyD; pD;oGm;MurSmayhg? olwkdUawG qif;cJhNyefawmhvnf; 'Dtcsdef&xm;MuD;rSm ae&macsmifoGm;rSm r[kwfygbl;? b0 c&D;onf topftopfawGeJU usyfnyfaerSm rdk;&,f? oHo&m qkdwm tJ'gyJvm;/ aEGav oHk;av;n &SdNyD nwkdifus tdyfraysmfbl;? b0qdk wmMuD;udk t"dyÜg,f&SmMunhfaevdkUayhg? olUrSm bmcHkrifp&m wG,fwm p&m rufarmp&m &SdovJvdkU tcgcg pOf;pm;rdw,f/ wpfqihf NyD; wpfqihf pOf;pm;MunhfNyefawmhvnf; bmrQ wG,fwmp&m r&SdovdkyJ? 'gayrJh wG,fwmw,f rufarmw,f? aEGU wynhf av;awGtoH? olwkdUawGudk &Sif;&Sif;vif;vif; pmNyay;ae&wm tJ'gav;awGaMumihfvm;? nae vrf;avQmuf NyD; avat; oefUoefU &I&wmaMumihfvm;? wpfcgwav oli,f csif; rdef;uav; awGpkNyD; aNymMuqkdMu? &,fMuarmMu wmaMumihfvm; wpfckpD awG;&if; bmrQvJ r[kwfbl;? tm;vHk;


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

aygif;vdkufawmh b0qdk wmav;udk pGJvrf;vkduf rufarmvdkuf wmaemf/ vlqkdwm e*g;MuD;u vSrf;[yfaecsdefrSmawmif raMumuf rvefU ysm;&nf vsufaewJh owÅ0grsdK;ygwJh? rdk;aNymwm owd& w,f/ wu,fhwu,fawmh b0qkdwmuvnf; wu,fudk ab;usyf eHusyf tEÅ&m,f0dkif;NyD; aorif;qD wkd;oGm;ae& wmyg/ 'g[m vlwkdif;twGuf b0t"dyÜg,fyJ? aEGav t&if wkef;u 'Dvlom;awGudk tNypfwifrdw,f? 'gayrJh tckawmh csD;usL;csifw,f rkd;a&/ a&wGif;ay:rSmvnf; owÅ0gqkd;MuD; apmihfaew,f? atmufrSmvnf; e*g;MuD;u yg;pyfMuD;NzJvdkU olckdxm;wJh opf ukdif;av;udkvnf; MuGufNzLeJU MuGufrnf;u wwdwd udkufNzKwf aew,f? ol xGufvnf; raNy;Edkifbl;? ckefvnf; rcsEdkifbl;? atmf[pfNyD;awmhvnf; tultnD rawmif;Edkifbl;? MuGufNzLeJU MuGufrnf;udkvnf; rwm;ekdifbl;? olUtwGuf en;fvrf;[m wpfvrf;xJyJ&Sdw,f/ MuGufNzLtvSnfhNzpfNzpf? MuGufrnf;t vSnhfNzpfNzpf wpfcsdefcsdefrSm ol[m e*g;MuD;&JU yg;pyfxJ usoGm; &rSmyJ? 'g[m olUtwGuf wpfckwnf;aom vrf;yJ? 'DtcsdefrSm idknnf;raebJ? atmf[pf aMumufvefUraebJ? nnf;nlraebJ opf&Gufay:u ysm;&nfav;udk vsufae&JwJh olUb0 olUowÅdqdk wmav;udk csD;usL;csifw,f/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

b0qkdwm wkdwdkav;yguG,f? ckyJ oHk;yHkwpfyHk usdK;aeNyD r[kwf vm;? touftwkdif; ae&r,fqkd&if aEGwkdU[m tcsdef&xm;MuD; ay:u ckefqif;&r,fh&uf tawmfeD;aeygNyD/ aEGav usefwJh b0 tydkif;av;udk pdwfcsrf;csrf;omomeJU ukefvGefcsifw,fuG,f/ udk,fcspfwJholeJU udk,fhudkcspfwJholeJU rdk;aNymovdkNzihf ysm;&nf csdKcsdKayhgav? bmbJNzpfNzpf cgcsOftudkufcH&if; e*g;yg;pyfxJ qif;& rSmxufawmh ysm;&nfaomuf&if; e*g;trsdKcH&wm awmfOD;rSmayhg/ nDaxG;udk aEGcifygw,f? oHa,mZOfvnf; &Sdygw,f/ 'gayrJh aEG bmvdkU rcspfwmvJawmh aEGrodbl;? rcspfwJholukd ,lrd&if aEGUb0rSm cgcsOfudkufovdk NzpfaerSmayhg? nDaxG;a&m b,faysmfygh rvJ/ cspfwJholeJUqkd&if pdwfwl oabmwl tkdav aysmfp&maumif;rSm yg/ aEGav aEG tdk bmvdkUrsm; udkvwfudk aEGonf olUyg;Nyifay:odkU pD;usvmaom rsuf&nfrsm;udk vufzrdk;ESihf cyfMurf;Murf;av; yGwfokwfvdkufavonf/ aEGU rsuf &nfrsm;onf pm&Gufay:odkU usoGm;oNzihf pmvHk;av;rsm;onf rif rsm;NyefUum NymoGm;onf/ aEG xkdifaeaom yifrSnhfpifab;wGif vl&Sif;onf/ aEGonf vl&Sif;&m ae&mwGif ykef;uG,fíxdkif&if; vlUavmuESihf acwÅrQt


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

quftoG,f Nzwf&ef MudK;pm;rdavonf/ olU&ifwGif;rS wif;usyfae orQaom a0'emwkdUudk MudK;pm;rdavonf/ olU&ifwGif;rSwif;usyf aeorQaom a0'emwkdUudk pm&Gufay:odkU csa&;NyD; pdwfoufom&m zefwD;rdonf/ tNynhft0 oufomonf r[kwfaomfvnf; wpfpHk wpfOD;udk tm;&yg;& zGihfaNymvdkuf&ovdk NzpfonfhtwGuf &iftarm awmh tawmfoufomaom enf;aumif;av; Nzpfavonf/ aEGonf rifrsm; NyefUum 0g;aeaom pmvHk;av;rsm;udk pdkufpdkufav; ai; Munhfaerdavonf/ qufNyD;a&;&ef tiftm; r&SdawmhonfhtwGuf pmonf wpfydkif;wef;vef; &yfoGm;NyDNzpf\/ aEGUab;wGif yifrSnfhyGihfNzLNzLav; oHk;av;ig;yGifhrsm; tem; idkuf yGihfaeMuonf/ ydwkef;aumifMuD;wpfaumifu yifrSnhfyGihfrsm; tem;wGif vSnhfywf0JysHaeonf/ ysHUysHUav; oif;aea[m &eHUudk&I &dIuf&if; 0wf&nfpkyf&ef tyGihfudka&G;cs,fae[ef &Sdonf/ aEGonf oufNyif;av; &dIufvdkuf&if; toihf,lvmaom rD;Ncpfbl;av;udk xkwfvdkufonf/ aEGU&ifxJrS a0'emrsm;udk tef xkwfNyD;NyDrkdU rD;wif&dIU&ef tpuwnf;u rD;Ncpfbl;udk toihf,l aqmifvmNcif; Nzpfon/f atmufcH&;aom uw¦LNym;av;ESihf azmifwdefudk ab;bufokdU csvdkufNyD; aEGonf rD;NcpfqHwpfacsmif; xkwfvdkufonf/ ,rf;ESihf ,rf;csif; xdcwfoGm;aomtoH &SJceJ NrnfoHESihftwl rD;awmufav; 0if;ceJ awmufyvmonf/ aEGonf pm&GufNymNymav;rsm;udk EIwf qufovdk MunhfvdkufNyD; tay:axmifum rD;&dIUvdkufonf/ aEGU&if


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

xJrS a0'emrsm;onf rGrGaMuaom Nymav;rsm;tNzpf avwGif 0JysH um vGihfygoGm;Muawmhrnf Nzpfonf/ ][,f} aEGonf xdwfvefUwMum; atmfvdkufrdonf/ aEGUvufxJrS pm&GufNymrsm;udk wpfpHkwpfa,mufonf aemufbufrSaeí zswfueJ vk,lvdkufaomaMumihf Nzpf\/ ]nDaxG;} nDaxG;onf pm&Gufrsm;udkqkyfum aEGUudk cyfpdrf;pdrf; Munhfae avonf/ rcHcsifpdwf? &Sufpdwf? a'gopdwfuav;rsm; a0wufvm NyD; aEGonf nDaxG;\vufxJrS olUpm&Gufav;rsm;udk ua,mifu wrf; NyefNyD; qGJ,l&ef MudK;pm;rdonf/ ]nDaxG; bmvkyfwmvJ? Nyefay;} ]bmvkyfvkyfaygh} ]Nyefay;vdkU qkdae} ]ray;bl;} ]ay; ay; ? tckay;} nDaxG;onf pm&Gufrsm;udk vHk;axG;NyD; olUtusF DtdwfxJ xkd; xnhfkvdkufavonf/ aEGonf txdwfwvefUESifh vSrf;qGJaomfvnf;


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE麓m

rrDacs/ nDaxG;onf olUtusF Dtdwfudk vufESihfzd&if; wNznf;Nznf; qkwfcGmoGm;avonf/ ]nDaxG;aemf aEGUpmawG ay;vkdUqkd tckay;? Nyefay; ay;yg} aEGonf EIwfcrf;av;rsm; wqwfqwfwkef,ifvmNyD; rsuf&nf rsm;pdrfh0Jvmonf/ nDaxG;onf aemufokdU wvSrf;csif; qkwfcGmae &mrS aEGUudk cyfawGawG Munhfaeao;onf/ xkdUaemuf zswfueJ ausmckdif;um uqkefaygu aNy;avawmhonf/ aEGonf NcHpnf;&dk; em;txd aNy;vdkufoGm;rdaomfvnf; nDaxG;onf NcHpnf;&dk;udk auGU ywfckefausmfNyD; aEGUudk aemufbufwGif tNywftowfcsefxm;cJhum wpf[kefxdk; xGufaNy;oGm;avonf/ aNy;vTm;oGm;aom nDaxG;\ausmydkif;udk Munhf&if; aEGonf nDaxG;wpfa,muf vufrusdK;bJ aNcusdK;aeNcif;om Nzpfygapawmh [k Nyif;xefpGm awmifhwvdkufrdonf/ xkdUaemuf NcHpnf;&dk;ab;wGif yif ikwfww k fav; xkdifcsvdkufrdonf/ rsufvHk;rsm; Nyma0um EIwf crf;av; wqwfqwfwkef,ifaeonf/ 'l;rsm;yif rcdkifbJ,dkifcsifae onf/ &ifxJwGifvnf; Aavmifqlum ruGJNym;aom a0'emrsm;onf &IyfaxG;NyD; vdkif;xaeMuavonf/ aEG a&;xm;rdaom pmuav;udk nDaxG; zwfrdygu Ny贸emaygif; aomif;aNcmufaxmifu aemuf bufrS uyfvkdufvmawmhrnf Nzpfonf/ aEGonf NcHpnf;&dk;wkdifudk vufESihf ukwfzJh&if; wkd;wkd;av; a&&Gwfaerdavonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]acG; nDaxG;? olrsm;pmukd vkoGm;w,f? cvkwfwdkufrdygap? aNcruGJygap? zsm;ygap? emygap}

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]nDaxG;? zsm;aew,faEG} ]aumif;wmaygh} ]eif bmpum;aNymwmvJ aEG? nDaxG;[m eihfudk cspfwmuvGJ vdkU bmrQ tNypfr&Sdygbl;? eihfoli,fcsif;yg? i,fi,fav;uwnf;u cifvmwJholi,fcsif;yg? eihfukd bmrsm; epfematmif vkyfvkdUvJ} udkvwfonf aEGUudkpl;pl;&J&JMunhf&if; wkeftufaom toHESihf aNymavonf/ aEGonf udkvwfukd rMunhfbJ acgif;iHkUxm;rdav onf/ nDaxG; vk,loGm;aom pmuav;xJuaMumif;t&mrsm;udk udkvwfrsm; odavrnfvm;? pdk;&drfpdwfESihf touf&IrrSefatmif Nzpf aeonf/ ]tckvnf; zsm;vdkufwm t&rf;yJ? raeUnuwpfnvHk; rtdyf bl;? tat;xJrSm xGufxkdifaew,f? reuf vif;tm;MuD;usawmh zsm; vdkufwm tyl wpf&mhav; ausmfw,f? ua,mifuwrf;eJU eihfukdyJ ]]w}} aew,f}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]wpf&mhav; ausmfw,f [kwfvm;} aEGonf rsufvHk;av;0dkif;oGm;onf/ &kwfw&uf pdk;&drfpdwf0if vmaomfvfn; EIwfcrf;udk wif;wif;aphxm; vdkufavonf/ ][kwfw,f [kwfw,f? wpf&mhav; ausmfw,f? a&cJwifay;ae &w,f? tJ'g igvmaNymwm Nyefr,f} udkvwfonf tdrfay:rS NzKef;ceJ qif;oGm;onf/ oli,fcsif;udk cspfonfhaZmESihf tarmwaum vmaNym&m aEGu at;pufpuf qD; aNymvdkufaomaMumihf rcHedkif NzpfoGm;yHk&avonf/ aEGonf cyfidkifidkifav; awGa0um usefcJhavonf/ udkvwf\ aemufrS aNy;vdkufoGm;csifpdwfu &ifxJwGif Nyif;Nyif;xefxefvIyf&Sm; aeaomfvnf; aEGUaNcaxmufrsm;u ausmufcJqGJxGm;ovdk av;vH aeMuavonf/ ]rdaEG eif rvdkufbl;vm;} NcH0odkUa&mufoGm;aomtcgrD ukdvwfonf tdrfbufodkU Nyef vSnhfMunhfNyD; toHtuftufMuD;ESihf atmfavonf/ ][Jh bmNzpfwmvJ} ukdvwf\ atmfoHaMumifh araru tcef;xJrS xGufvmumar; avonf/ aEGonf rsufESmav;eDoGm;NyD; &kwfw&uf bmNyefaNz& rnfenf; pOf;pm;í r&atmif pdwfxJwGif &IyfaxG;oGm;onf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]aEG orD; bmNzpfwmvJqkd} ][dk [dk nDaxG; zsm;vdkUwJh arar} ][Jh b,fwkef;uvJ} ]reufuwJh} ][Jh awmfawmf tzsm;MuD;vm;} ]wpf&mhav; ausmfw,fwJh? tJ'g udkvwfu atmfaewmyg? aEG vdkufrMunhfbl;vm;wJh} ]tkd vkdufoGm;av oGm; NrefNrefoGm;? aMomf tawmfzsm;aewm udk;? aeOD; aeOD; araryg vdkufr,f? tif; aeygOD;av? arar "mwf vHk;av;&SmNyD; vdkufcJhr,f? orD;oGm;ESihf? tJ'D"mwfvHk;av;u a&pdrf wkduf&if udk;q,hfaNcmufyg;a&m*g aysmufw,fwJh} ararhtoHonf aEGUaemufbufwGif a0;um usefcJhonf/ aEG onf aNcvSrf;usJMuD;ESihf avQmufoGm;eSihfaom udkvwf\aemufrS cyfokwfokwfav; vdkufcJh&avonf/ aemufrS vdkufvmaomtoH Mum;aomtcg udkvwfonf &yfNyD; apmihaf eonf/ taNy;wpf0ufESihf avQmufvmaom aEGUudk rodromrsufarSmifMuKwf&if; Munhfae onf/ rauseyfaomf t&dyfta,mif vTrf;aeaomfvnf; ukdvwf\ rsufvHk;rsm;onf &Da0NyD; rdIif;aeavonf/ ]nuwnf;u zsm;wmvm;}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]rodbl;[? reufusawmh NcpfNcpfawmufatmif ylaewmyJ ig odw,f? nuvnf; oleJUig nOfheufwJhtxd a&wGif;ab;rSm xkdifrd Muw,f? aemuf tdyfMur,fqkdNyD; tdyf&m0ifNyD;rS tdyfraysmfbl;wJh? tdkufw,fqkdNyD; NyefxGufoGm;w,f? igvnf; tdyfaysmfoGm;wmayhg? b,ftcsdefrS tdrfxJ Nyef0ifvmNyD; b,favmufMumatmif tat;cH aevnf;awmh rodbl;? igedk;vmawmh w[D;[D;eJU tzsm; wufae wmyJ} ]nDaxG; raeUwkef;u aEGUqDvmao;w,f} ][kwfvm;} ]aEG a&;xm;wJhpmav;yg vkoGm;w,f} ][kwfvm; ig rodbl;} aEGonf yifhoufav;usdwfí &dIufvdkufrdonf/ &ifxJrS tvHk; MuD;usNyD; oufom&m&oGm;avonf/ pl;&Sawmufyaom aea&mif NcnfatmufwiG f udkvwfESihf aEGwdkUonf xD;ryg trdk;rygbJ okwf okwf avQmufaeMuonf/ aEGUezl;wGif acR;pdkUvmaomtcg udkvwf onf olUtdwfxJrS vufukdify0gudk xkwfay;avonf/ ]a&mh aEG eihfacgif;udk tkyfxm;? aeodyfylw,f} ]aeylwm taMumif;r[kwfygbl; udkvwf&,f} ]bmu taMumif;vJ}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]tvum;yg} a,muFsm;udkif vufudkify0gudkacgif;ay:wGif tkyfvkduf&if; aEG u pum;avQmcsvdkufonf/ ]&ifylwmu qkd;wmyg}[laNymcsifaomf vnf; raNymvdkufrdacs/ aEGonf oGufoGufav;avQmuf&if; i,fpOfuwnf;u xdkvrf; twkdif; aNy;umvTm;umESihf udkvwfwdkUNcHudk OD;wnfoGm;cJo h nfrsm; udk Nyefvnf owd&aerdavonf/ xkdpOfu &Tifaysmfaom pdwfuav; ESihfolUudk aqmifhumaqmifhum eif;oGm;wwfonfh uav;ri,fav; udk aNrMuD;ndkndkvr;fndkndkonf rSwfrdaumif; rSwfrdayrnf/ i,fpdwf i,faoG;ESihf ckefaygufaNy;vTm;wwfaom uav;ri,fav;onf ,cktcgwGifum; aNcvSrf;zGzG vSrf;wwfaom rdef;rysdKNzpfaeayNyD/ el;nHhnifomvmaom aNcaxmuf\ txdtawGUudk aNrom;nkdwkdU rSwfrdvQif auseyfvdrfhrnf xifonf/ vrf;ab;wGif&Sd uefpGef;EG,frsm;rS uefpGef;yGifhNzLNzLav;rsm;u aea&mifNcnfxJwGif vef;pGihfaeMuonf/ 4if;yef;yGihfav;rsm;onf i,fpOfurl nDaxG;\ wkwfvufcsufudk rMumcP cHMu&aom tyGihfav;rsm;Nzpfonf/ ]rdk;qDu pmvmao;vm;} ][ifh tif;} ]ighqDawmh wpfapmifa&mufw,f}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]bmwJhvJ} aEGonf tuJcwfaom rsufvHk;rsm;eSihf ar;vkdufrdavonf/ rdk; uaEGUqDudk pmra&;bJ udkvwfqDodkU a&;onfhtwGufvnf; &ifxJ wGif rwifrus NzpfoGm;onf/ ]bmrQ odyfrxl;ygbl;? eifwkdU ESpfa,muf&JU taNctaeudk ar; wmyg? nDaxG; eifhudkMudKufaew,fqkdwm olodw,fwJh? eif rMudKuf bl;qkdwm tJav eif Nyefrcspfbl;vdkUvJ ol xifw,fwJh? tJ'g tJ'g nDaxG;[m bmrQ Niif;p&mr&SdwJholrkdU oluawmh oabmwlw,fwJh} ]'Dawmh bmNzpfvJ} ]'Dawmh 'Dawmh rkd;uaNymw,f/ aEGUudk MunhfNyD;aNymay;ygwJh udkvwfu em;csay;ygwJh} udkvwf\toHonf tzsm;cwfum wkef,ifoGm;avonf/ xdkU aemuf aEGUudk &Da0pGmMunhf&if; cyfazsmhazsmh NyHK;aeonf/ aEGonf &kwfw&uf rsuf0ef;rsm; eDMuifvmaomfvnf; a&mha&mh&J&Jav; NyHK; vdkufekdifonf/ olwdkUESpfOD;vHk; pum; qufraNymNzpfMuawmhay/ aeylylwGif &ifylylESihf oGufoGuf avQmufvSrf;aeMuavonf/ udkvwfwkdU NcHMuD; onf pdrf;pdkndkrdIif;pGmESihf aEGUudk qD;MudKavonf/ &kwfNcnf; at;pdrfh oGm;aom opf&dyf0g;&dyfonfum; ukdvwfwdkUNcH\ raNymif;vJaom cspfpzG,f t&nftcsif;av;Nzpfonf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]nDaxG;? b,fhES,fhaeao;vJ} ]udkvwf b,faysmufoGm;wmvJ} nDaxG;onf udkvwfudk toHoJhoJhESihf tNypfwifovdk aNymav onf/ udkvwf\ aemufbufrS cyf&GHU&GHUav; 0ifvmaom aEGUudkawGU aomtcg tzsm;aoG;aMumifh eD&Jaeaom nDaxG;\rsufeSmonf ydkí eDoGm;oa,mif&Sdavonf/ nDaxG;ESihfaEGonfwpfOD;udkwpfOD; acwÅ rQ ai;MunhfaerdMuavonf/ ]ig rdaEGudk oGm;aNymwm} ]nDaxG; odyftaeqkd;aevm;} aEGonf nDaxG;\ ezl;udk zGzGav; prf;Munhfvdkufonf/ yl aNcmufaeaom ezl;NyifwGif 0Jusaeaom qHyifrsm;udkyg tpfrMuD;o zG,f MuifempGm oyfwifay;vdkufonf/ tdyf&mab;wGif&Sd a&ZvHkxJrS t0wfudk aNcmufatmifnSpfum nDaxG;\ ezl;ay:odkU tvsm;vdkuf wifay;&if; cyfwkd;wdk;av; aNymavonf/ ]nDaxG; uav;vnf; r[kwfawmhbJeJU udk,fhudk,fudk bmvdkU ESdyfpufwmvJ} ]bmESdyfpufvdkUvJ} ]tat;xJrSm xGufxdkifaewm ESdyfpufwmayhg} ]igvm; tJ'Dwkef;u zsm;aevdkU xkdifrdwmyg}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]atmifrm xdkifvdkUzsm;wmrsm;} ]igaNymwm a&moGm;w,f? rxdkifcifu pdwfuzsm;aewm? xdkif NyD;awmh vlygzsm;a&m} nDnDaxG;onf rsufpdudkpHkrSdwfvdkuf&if; cyfayhgayhgav; aNym avonf/ udkvwfonf nDaxG;\ab;wGifxkdif&if; vufukd tm;ay; ovdk wif;wif;av; qkyfudkifxm;onf/ ]rdaEG eihfa&cJ0wfMuD; z,fvdkufprf;yg/ zsm;wmawmif at;at; aq;aq; rzsm;&bl;? at;puf at;pufeJU ezl;ay:rSm tm;MuD;&Iyf w,f? pdwfryleJU igcPcP zsm;aeus? cPaeawmh aumif;rSm} udkvwfonf nDaxG;tvdkus a&cJ0wfukd z,fay;vdkufonf/ apmifrsm;udk xyfNcHKay;NyD; tom;ukd rMumcP pdrf;Munhfaerdav onf/ nDaxG;onf apmifyHkxJwGif epfae&mrS olUudk pdk;&drfpGm? Muif empGmMunhfaeaom udkvwfESihfaEGUudk &Da0aom rsufvHk;rsm;ESifh pl; pdkufMunhf&if; NyHK;vdkufavonf/ xkdYaemuf aEGUvufudk vSrf;qkyf &if; cyfwkd;wkd;aNymavonf/ ]aEG eifhqDu igwpfckawmif;csifw,f} ]bm vJ} aEGonf twefi,f &ifckefvmNyD; Nyefar;rdonf/ ]eif vkdufemedkifyghrvm;}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]bmvJ aNymOD;rSayhg nDaxG;&,f} ]eihfudk igaNymcJh qkdcJh NyKrIcJhwmawG tukefvHk; tdk tukefvHk;udk arhypfzdkUav} ][if} aEGonf wtHhwNo atmfvdkufrdavonf/ ,drf;ceJ rl;a0oGm; aomaMumihf ckwifwkdifudk vSrf;udkifNyD; xdef;xm;vdkuf&onf/ aEGUt em;wGif uyfNyD; AHk;wpfvHk;uGJoGm;ovdk xifrdonf/ Mum;vdkuf&aom pum;ukdyif [kwfrS[kwfygavp[k r,HkrMunfav; Nzpfaerdonf/ ]igawmh csufcsif; b,farhEdkifyghrvJ rdaEG? 'gayrJh arhatmifMudK; pm;&r,fav? iga,muFsm;ygrdaEG? ukd,fhudkrcspfEdkifwJh rdef;uav; wpfa,muftwGuf ylaqG;NyD; tcsdefukefr,fhaumifrsdK; r[kwfygbl;} ]aEGUudk txifrvGJygeJU nDaxG;&,f? aEG nDaxG;udk cifygw,f? odyfcifygw,f? [dkvdkom rcspfekdifwmyg} aEG wkefcwfaomtoHESihf aNymonf/ ]ig em;vnfygNyD[m? eifeJUig[m oli,fcsif;aygh? xm0pOf oli,fcsif;aygh} nDaxG;onf azsmhawmhpGm NyHk;aeavonf/ aEGUpdwfxJwGif &Tif aysmfoGufvufvmNyD; toHav;rsm; xGufatmifyif &,farmvdkufrd onf/


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]oli,fcsif;qdkwmvnf; tonf;ESvHk;qkdwJh aNrom;rSm ayguf wJhopfyifygyJ aEG&,f? 'gayrJh olu b,fawmhrQ tyGihfryGihfbl;? t&Gufpdrf; t&GufopfawGom a0qmaewm? vef;qef;aewm} ]&Gufpdrf; &GufopfawG a0ae? vef;qef;aew,f} aEGonf nDaxG;\vufarmif;udk wif;wif;qkyfudkif&if; Munf el;pGm? 0rf;aNrmufpGm xyfqihf a&&Gwfvdkufrdonf/ Nywif;aygufrS Nrifaeaom ukuúdKyiftkdMuD;udk nDaxG;onf arQmf ai;Munhfaeavonf/ukuúdK&Guf0gav;rsm;onf avta0SUwGif woJ oJaMuGMuaeMuonf/ aEGU&ifwGif NzLpifoefU&Sif;aom arwÅmvdIif; cwfNyD;aeavonf/ ESpfOD;om; pum;rqkdrdbJ twefMum NidrfaerdMu pOf ukdvwfonf pGyfNyKwfyef;uefudkudkif&if; tcef;xJ0ifvmonf/ ]nDaxG; pGyfNyKwfaomuf&atmif} ]raomufcsifygbl;} ]enf;enf;av;yguGm? Muufom;av;eJU NyKwfxm;wm? tzwfr pm;eJU? t&nfcsnf;yJ aomufuGm} ]raomufcsifygbl;qkdrS udkvwfuvJ} ]rif; tm;NywfoGm;r,fuG} ]Nywf Nywf? xrif;av;wpfeyfwav rpm;&wmrsm;? pGyfNyKwf MuD;awmhraomufcsifbl;? yg;pyfxJrSm cg;w,f}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]uJ bmpm;csifvJ} ]a&SmufoD;okyf} ]rif; bkd;at} udkvwfonf nDaxG;\&ifbwfukd rematmif xkd;vdkufav onf/ nDaxG;udk tdyf&mrSqGJxl&ef MudK;pm;aomfvnf; nDaxG;onf ayuwfaeavonf/ i,fi,fwkef;u nDaxG;zsm;wdkif; udkvwfonf tpfudkMuD;ozG,f ab;rSxkdif&if; qefNyKwfwkdufavh&Sdonfudk owd& rdwkdif; aEGU&ifxJwGif wodrfhodrfhcgvmonf/ xkdpOfuvnf; nDaxG; onf udkvwfudk a&SmufoD;okyfpm;csifonf[k w*sD*sDylqmavh&Sdav onf/ olwkdUoHk;OD;vHk;udk i,fb0udk NzKef;ceJNyefa&mufoGm;ovdk MunfMunfel;el;av; NzpfoGm;Muonf/ nDaxG;onf apmifudk ycHk; txd qGJNcHKum auG;aevdkuf&if; cyfoJhoJhav;&,faeonf/ xdkU aemuf udkvwfudk ausmay;vdkuf&if; vSrf;aNymonf/ ]udkvwfukd awmif;yef&OD;r,f} ]bm vJ} ]pdwfrqkd;eJUaemf} ]aNymyguGm} ]uRefawmf zsm;aewm acgif;rl;aew,f? aNymNyD;&if tdyfawmh r,f? bmrQ Nyefrar;eJUaemf}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

]aNymprf;yguGm} ]nwkef;u ukdvwf&JU 'kdif,m&Dudk uRefawmf cdk;zwfw,f} ][m} udkvwfonf yg;pyfta[mif;om; NzpfoGm;onf/ae&mrStvefU wMum; ckefxvdkufonf/ nDaxG;onf apmifukd acgif;txd qGJNcHK vkdufNyD; apmifNcHKxJrS qufaNymavonf/ ]rdaEG eifhudk udkvwfMuD;u igrMudKufcifuwnf;u MudKufae wm? olUudk,fol wihfawmifh wihfw,fNzpfamtif MudK;pm;aewm[ od&JUvm;? igu 0ifMudKufawmh olu ighukdnSmNyD; olUpdwfukdol twif;xdef;aew,f? bm&rvJ igcdk;zwfawmh ay:wmaygh} ]nDaxG; nDaxG; rif; bmawGaNym} udkvwfonf nDaxG;ukdvIyfum uwkefu,ifaNymonf/nDaxG; onf apmifxlxludk wpfukd,fvHk; vSdrfhywfxm;NyD; &,fvdkufav onf/ okdUaomf olU&,foHonf aNcmufuyfaeonf/ ]igu tvum;ae&if; 0if&Iyfrdw,f? udkvwfa& pdwfrysufygeJU aEGu rdaEGuvn;f udkvwfudkrS cspfwmAs? olU&JUcspfolqkdwm udk vwfAs? od&JUvm;? od odNyDvm;? uJuJ igtdyfawmhr,faemf? bmrQ rar;eJU}


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

cyf&Tef;&Tef;av; aNym&ef MudK;pm;aomfvnf; nDaxG;\toH onf aemufydkif;ü wkef,iftufuGJ oGm;avonf/xkdUaemuf apmifyHk MuD; atmufwGif wkwfwkwfrQrvIyfawmhbJ NidrfoufoGm;avonf/ &kwfNcnf; tdyfarmusoGm;oa,mif tdyfaysmf[ef aqmifaeonf/ aEGUESvHk;om;onf w'def;'def;ckefum tay:okdU xdk;wufvm[ef &Sdonf/ vnfacsmif;0wGifvmNyD; wpfqkdUae[ef&Sdonf/ aEGU&ifxJ wGif&kwfw&uf [mvm[if;vif; NzpfoGm;ovdk cHpm;&onf/ aNc axmufrsm; acG,dkifum rsufvHk;rsm; Nyma0aeonf/ &Sufpdwfrsm; ql a0um rsufESmav;wGwfwGwf&Jaeonf/ tcef;xJwGif &kwfNcnf; wdwfqdwfoGm;avonf/ us,favmif NrefqefvSaom &ifckefoHuom aEGUem;xJodkU w'def;'def;aqmihfwdk; aeavonf/ aEGonf vnfacsmif;0udk vufESihf rodromav; yGwf oyf&if; wpfqkdUaeaom ESvHk;om;udk &ifwGif;odkU Nyefqif;oGm;yg awmh[k wD;wkd; awmif;yefrdonf/ xkdUaemuf udkvwfudk r&Jw&J av; vSrf;Munhfaerdavonf/ udkvwfonfvnf; ckwifwpfzufpGef;rSaeNyD; aEGUukdai;Munhfae avonf/ tHhNorIraNyao;aom rsufeSmwGif aEG;axG;aom arwÅmu t&dyfxifvsuf&Sdonf/ el;nHh&Tef;pdkaom rsuf0ef;eSpfpHkonf t&Sdefazsmhazsmh qHkqnf;rd Muavonf/ xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

rdk;a&? ukdvwfa&? aEGa& ...... Nrm;ewfarmif nDaxG;udk arhrsm;aeMuNyDvm;/ rdaEGu aNymw,f? tcsdefqdkwJh&xm;MuD;ay:udk 'dkUoli,fcsif; av;a,muf ra&S;raESmif; qGJckdwufcJhMuw,fwJh? udkvwfeJU aEGu &xm;wpfwGJwnf;pD;NyD; c&D;qufMuawmhrSmrkdU 0rf;omp&m? pdwfcsrf; omp&myg? rkd;eJU nDaxG;uawmh &xm;wpfpD;wnf;ayr,hf wGJcsif; rwlawmhbl;ayhgav/ eufNzefus&if wkdufyGJqif;&OD;r,f? rkd;&JU &xm;wGJay;rSm yHkqGJ pm&GufawG? wDpuGJ,m;? qufpuGJ,m;awGeJU &Iyfaeovdk nDaxG;&JU &xm;wGJuvnf; usnfqefoH? AHk;oHawGeJUqlvkdUayhg/ ppfxGuf a,muFsm;qkdwm aopum;raNymaumif;bl;wJh? 'gayrJh aNymcsifw,f? wu,fvkdUrsm; wpfckckNzpfcJh&if nDaxG;qdkwJh owÅ0gav;wpf aumif wkdif;NynftwGuf toufpGefUoGm;NyD&,fvkdUowd&Muprf;yg? nudk;em &DcGJwkdif; cPwpfNzKwfav;NzpfNzpf owd&Muyg oli,fcsif;wkdU&,f/ oHo&mqkdwm 'gygyJ? b0qdkwm 'gygyJ? 'DoHo&m? 'Db0? vlUavmu? vlU&GmrSm cPuav; vlvmNzpf wkef; vlU&Gmaumif;usdK; wwftm;orQ o,fydk;oGm;wm[m b0&JU wefzdk;yg/ xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

nDaxG; ...... aEGa&m udkvwfa&m nDaxG;udk tNrJ owd&aeygw,f/ aemufNyD; arwÅmvnf;ydkUygw,f/ aEGwdkU tcktm;vHk; w&m;xdkifae Muw,f? ykwD;vnf; pdyfw,f? wcsdefcsdefrSm aEGwdkUtm;vHk; tcsdef &xm;MuD;ay:u ckefqif;Mu&OD;rSm r[kwfvm;/ udkvwf t&ifvm; nDaxG; t&ifvm; rdk; t&ifvm; 'grSr[kwf aEG t&ifvm;/

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

a[; nDaxG; ...... nDaxG;uvnf; rkd;ukd reufudk;em&DcGJwdkif; owd&prf;yg/ tJ'D tcsdef[m &Hk;wufwJhtcsdef? rkd;acgif;ay:udk tvkyfwm0ef0wÅ&m;qdk wmMuD;awG wpfaeUwmtwGuf xkvdkufw,fvdkuf pNyD; ydwJhtcsdef av? rdk;awmh w&m;rxkdif Nzpfao;bl;? ysm;&nfyJ vsufaew,fav? opfudkif;u ysm;&nfav;yg/ avmuqkdwm opfyifvdkygyJ nDaxG;&m? &Guf0gqkdwm a<u&rSm yJ? olUae&mrSm pdrf;&GufopfawG a0aeatmif tpm;xkd;0ifvmrSmaygh? aEGwdkU rdk;wdkU udkvwfwdkU nDaxG;wkdU tukefvHk;vnf; 0gvmMuOD; rSmaygh? a<uus&OD;rSmayhg rqef;ygbl;uGm &Gufpdrf;qkdwm wpfaeU 0g&rSmyJ? a<u&rSmyJ/ tJ'g[m b0&JU trSefuefqHk; ed,mryg/ 'gayrJh avmu opfyifMuD;udkawmh topftopfNzpfwJh &GufEk? &Gufopf? &Gufpdrf;awGu a0a0qmqmeJU tvSqifay;aerSmyg? pdrf;&GufopfawGudk a0vdkUav/

rpE´m


pdrf;&Gufopf wa0a0

rpE´m

Microsoft Word - ????? Last  
Microsoft Word - ????? Last  

aEG onf ol wk d Uav;eS pf OD ;ud k trS wf wrJ h ai;Munh f aerd &amp;if ; wpf OD ;wnf ; Munf Munf El ;el ; NyH k ;aerd onf / remvd k rpä &amp...

Advertisement