WS A YR. 5 & 3 YEARBOOK 2016
WELSH SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE
Graphic Design Bassem AbdelShahid Brenna Sant Editors Janice Coyle Charles Drozynski
Introduction Welcome to this yearâ€™s catalogue of work from students at the Welsh School of Architecture. The pages that follow feature the work of students from the final years of the M.Arch and BSc programmes at the Welsh School of Architecture. Both are run on a unit-based system which offers diverse opportunities and challenges for our students. The unifying ethos is a commitment to designing buildings informed by a deep understanding of cultural context, social reality and technical imagination. You may be tempted to flick through the book and stop only at the most colourful, eye-catching images, but I would encourage you to spend time with all of the projects to understand the richness of the work and the effort these students have expended in reaching this stage. I want to thank the students for producing this publication. Its development and production is entirely student-led and demonstrates, as if it further evidence is required, their skills in design and organisation, and their ability to deliver high quality content on time. I am proud to introduce these talented designers. I hope you will enjoy their work as much I have.
Professor Chris Tweed Head of School
With Thanks to...
Further Thanks to...
UNIT XI Tectonics, Form, & Place
UNIT XII Economy
UNIT XIII Politics
Hannah Bloor Elizabeth Brooke Thomas Gaudion Michael Hart Megan Hill Christina Pettingale Amy Roberts Neringa Stonyte George Warner Yu Yan Yoyo Wilson
Muhammad Abd Rahman Eleonora Bosman Alice Hiley Rebekah Lindsay Joshua McDonagh Emma Thomas Stylianos Tsilimparis Connor Waters Jake Wells
Sarah Ackland Katherine Edwards Viviana Garcia Cameron Hales Simon Mason William Meakin Nia Rodgers Brenna Sant Lauren Tang John Tapia-Owens
UNIT XIV Sensation
UNIT XVI Shadow-Making + Cultures
UNIT XVII Infrastructural Urbanism
Niki Alexiou Anastasija Barkovskaja Amelia Brown Joanna Hart Jamie Holmes Tayseer Abdel Kardash Jack McCulla Lauren Searle
Nektarios Fotopoulos Andrew Hadley Glenie Choi Hoang Lee Hur Domniki Kyprianou Maria Melissianou Robert Newman Grace Lee Ru Kuanxin Xu
Bassem Abdelshahid Ross Couper Benedict Edwards Paul Leader-Williams Alistair Nicoll Jessica Robinson
TECTONICS The more finely tuned a building is to its context the more it can be said to reveal about that place. Whilst globalisation has the effect of homogenising the appearance of top down market led architecture, places continue to remain distinct from one another with differing climate, topography, cultural history, cultural present and so on. In this unit we aim to explore the connection between place and material through a direct and visceral engagement with a real material at 1:1 and the construction of â€˜body scaleâ€™ structures in actual sites. This year the students have worked with oak thinnings from the Wyre Forest as their material source and explored the impact this could have on a rural area within 10 miles of the forest. Through material engagement students explore issues that they identify as particular to this place ranging from forestry management ecosystems to the cultural importance of geology. Kate Darby
Unit Leader Kate Darby Students Hannah Bloor Elizabeth Brooke Thomas Gaudion Michael Hart Megan Hill Christina Pettingale Amy Roberts Neringa Stonyte George Warner Yu Yan Yoyo Wilson
The piece was generated as a combination of the territories we were intervening with, and studying as part of our thesis investigations. Crafted from oak locally sourced from the Wyre forest, our material investigations throughout the year were represented in the final expression. The model combined the imprecise, rough material, which is liable to move and warp as it dries, with the high end precision of robotic fabrication. As part of the process, a wood burning apparatus and housing was developed for the robotic arm, which allowed us to mark the wood. The piece brings the units investigations together into one cohesive whole, illustrating an innovative use for the Wyre forest oak. 18
Circadian Wellbeing Wyre Forest, Worcestershire Hannah Bloor The Wyre Forest district in Worcestershire, was once flooded with small insular, self sufficient communities that lived and work off the land. A claim of land could be made if a house could be built within 24 hours with smoke going up the chimney. In order for the settler to complete the build in time, existing commoners would assist in the building process, signifying the importance of the community and the fire as way of establishing ones self within a place. As time moved on and the dependency on land diminished, these communities began to live more separate lives and the â€˜town hallâ€™ attempted to provide a space that in some way could embody that same essence of community once felt. This combined with ageing demographic of the Wyre Forest district has caused issues regarding the overall wellbeing of this demographic prompting the need for a better suited community for the elderly. It for these reasons that the cohesion of place and fire inspired the interest in the effects of fire on oak, more specifically, the ways in which this material finish of charred and uncharred surfaces could impact on the overall wellbeing of this demographic from the perspective of circadian rhythms.
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Floating Culture Utilising redundant River Severn infrastructure as a solution to the lack of cultural buildings in the Wyre Forest district Lizzie Brooke This thesis seeks to explore the design of a floating theatre programme which journeys up and down the River Severn. While the River Severn was once one of the busiest waterways in Europe â€“ second only to the River Meuse â€“ its use for trade fell into decline at the beginning of the 19th Century. Pieces of infrastructure that were once integral to the commercial River Severn became disused and insignificant, reflecting the sudden stagnation in the development of riverside settlements. Due to this, many towns and villages that straddle the Severn are very much rural communities, and lack purpose built places of culture, such as theatres, galleries and libraries, that are commonplace in large towns and cities. The thesis aims to repurpose the redundant river infrastructure, with an exploration into a cultural programme that could facilitate this.
The floating theatre will not only address the lack of permanent, fixed use cultural buildings, but will connect pieces of forgotten infrastructure along the Severn with their presence. The programme unites communities from Bridgnorth in Shropshire, to Sharpness on the Severn Estuary, forging a connection between people and water once more.
Growing an Architecture from the Timber Topography Landscape
Growing an Architecture from the Landscape
The Thesis studies how it is possible to
The Thesis studies how it is possible to match a material to its place, combining the match a material to its place, combining the opportunities presented by green oak and opportunities presented by green oak and slope architecture to create an architecture slope architecture to create an architecture generated from the landscape. generated from the landscape.
In order to overcome constraints presented In order to overcome constraints presented by both material and landscape, a by both material and landscape, a modularmodular of construction was developed system of system construction was developed utilizing green oak. The system is designed utilizing green oak. The system is designed around small members structuralwhich members around small structural can which can be carried onto site and assembled be carried onto site and assembled in a simple a simple manner. modular timber manner. inThe modular timberThe construction construction greatly increases the strength greatly increases the strength of the material, of thearound material, by knots millingand around the knots by milling the shake, shake, them. The removing and them. Theremoving smaller sections also smaller sections also work strategically work strategically with the drying movementswith the drying movements of green oak structures, of green oak structures, shrinking individually shrinking individually rather than together, rather than together, and being less disruptive and being less disruptive to connections to connections and non-timber elements. and non-timber elements.
The resulting system generated a building grown The fromresulting the landscape, dictated abybuilding system generated the topography, and also the forest on dictated the grown from the landscape, by hillside. Thethe resultant buildingand is incorporated topography, also the forest on sensitively within the forest, the hillside. The working resultantwith building is both theincorporated hillside and thesensitively tree canopy, creating within the forest, moments of exposure through the tree and line,the tree working with both the hillside and connection withcreating the topography. canopy, moments of exposure
through the tree line, and connection with the topography.
GROWN FROM THE LANDSCAPE
I N H A B I TAT I N G F O R E S T C A N O P Y
SL OPE L A NGUAGE 1 E X P O SU R E T he A r r iva l to t he ce nt re pie rces t he ca nopy, escapi n g out to prov ide v ie w s of t he su r rou nd i n g l a ndscap e . 2 SC A L I NG
T he Accomo d at ion u n it s st e p dow n t he h i l l side , se nset ivly w it h i n t he forest . Pl a nes i n h abit t he Tree ca nopy, c re at i n g re g ions of i n h abit at ion , ex posu re , a nd e nc lou se , i n t he spaces b et wee n t he bu i ld i n g a nd t he slope . 3 CON N E C T ION T he E ducat ion Fac i l it ies con nec t c lose ley w it h t he l a ndscape , for prog r a m at ic f u nc t ions a nd esp e r ie nt i a l qu a l it ies.
4 T R AV E R SA L T he Ac t iv it y fac i l it ies t r ave re t he contou r s , a l low i n g a l a r g e c le a r spa n d at u m on a slope .
Home-grown Mass Timber Architecture A design investigation into using the principles behind mass timber construction to create an alternative application for undesirable pieces of low-grade oak Michael Hart The project focuses upon the design of a system that can enable a rural community, which has active involvement of sustainable forestry management, to self-produce building products from conventionally unusable lengths of Wyre Forest oak. The system is ecologically conscious and aware of the impact of its existence, through the abandonment of external industrialised processing of its construction materials. The abundance of short undesirable lengths of timber is as a result of the â€˜mismanagementâ€™ of the forest over previous centuries. An almost monoculture of oak is present, trees have competed with each other for the same natural resources resulting in a stagnant forest where the trees are of poor quality and have low resilience to potential diseases.
The deficiencies of a piece of poor quality oak in its singular form render it useless and of no real economic value. Through the creation of mass timber elements the lengths of oak can be combined to create a product that is structurally greater than the sum of its parts. This system also prevents the release of sequestered carbon within the oak into the atmosphere effectively offsetting the eventual environmental impact by the lifespan of the building.
Creating Co-Inhabited Ecosystems Using Symbiotic Processes to Encourage a Native Forest Environment to Merge With Urban Habitats Megan Hill Current forestry strategies set out by the Wyre Forestry Commission encourage the return of the forest to a natural and functioning state. The commission has labelled the Lesser Horseshoe Bat as a keystone mammal within the forest. These are a mostly building reliant species and create huge problems when found roosting within existing listed buildings. The strategy for this thesis uses closed loop cycles to create areas of clearing and regrowth within the forest. This creates a series of the south facing ecosystems for bat roosts. The high grade oak harvested in this process is sold, whilst the low grade green oak is crafted into a new modular construction material. Local listed buildings purchase the modular bat roost construction to replace problematic bat habitats, therefore allowing restoration work to take place. This allows forests to expand their ecosystems into urban ones. The same construction module will is used for the structure of an environmental education centre, which will be used to provide an alternative education route for Birmingham school children. The centre bridges the conflicting gap between the ‘human’ and ‘natural’ ecosystems of the forest.
New Learning Environments
1:10 Bat Attrecting Roof Garden
Timber I Joist Timber Head Binder Bluebells Header
14. 12. 13.
10. 9. 8. 7. 6. 5. 4. 3. 2. 1.
Cornflower Head Binder
Structural Timber Panel
Timber Panel Infilll
St Johns Wort
19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24.
Upper Panel Sole Plate
1. 240mm engingeered timber ‘I’ beam 2. 20mm plasterboard 3. Weatherproof Membrane 4. 145mm cellulose insulation 5. 20mm cavity 6. 10mm roof barrier 7. Filter fabric 8. 20mm drainage deck 9. 50mm engineered soil 10. Planted surface
Green oak warping provides bat roosting habitat
12. Aluminium strip 13. Gravel 14. Zinc flashing 15. 302mm timber ‘I’ joist 16. 20mm plasterboard 17. 50mm insulation 18. 20mm recycled wood chip floor
25mm green oak cladding panel 50mm ventilation gap 20mm structural OSB 130mm cellulose insulation Lower Panel Sole Plate Sill Plate
18. 17. 16. 15.
19. 100m structural green oak craft panel 20. 20mm plywood with weatherproof layer 20. 130mm cellulose insulation 21. 20mm OSB 22. 50mm cavity 23. Timber batons 24. 25mm craft green oak panel
20mm plywood 100mm green oak structural panel
Concrete Strip Foundation
1:5 Green Oak Warp
1:20 Panel Wall Inhabitation
Green Oak and Seasoned Timber Connections
Green oak panels
25. 200mm polished screed 26. 150 mm cellulose insulation 27. Weatherproof layer 28. 200mm hardcore
25. 26. 27. 28.
The Nature of Digital Craft An Exploration into Ruskinian Principles of Architecture Drawn from Nature Christina Pettingale The Guild of St George is a charity for arts, craft and the rural economy founded by John Ruskin in 1871. The Guild owns and manages over 100 acres of ancient woodland in the Wyre Forest. The other main focus of the charity’s activities today is ‘The Ruskin Collection’: an educational art collection currently housed in the Millennium Gallery in Sheffield. As Ruskin was opposed to the idea of his collection being merged with a general museum, the focus of this thesis project is the design of a new, purpose built Ruskin Museum on the Guilds’ land in the Wyre. Given Ruskin’s passionate belief that all the most lovely forms and thoughts, in architecture ‘are directly taken from natural objects’ the architecture of the new Ruskin Museum is drawn from the forest in which it sits. Ruskin’s emphasis on drawing as an essential aid to seeing is reinterpreted through the use of computer aided drawing techniques to create an architecture which explores the essence of architectural craft in today’s digital environment.
Source to Settlement Catchment and Connection Can the liberation of a floodplain for both river and architecture be combined with the contemporary use of a traditional local material in order to create a strong connection to place? Amy Roberts The River Severn, passing adjacent to and running through the site, has journeyed through many settlements and landscapes on its route from its sources and so naturally connects its floodplain landscapes to their total upstream context, as abstracted by the oak fragment. Diverting water from the brook, trickles of water representing inverted tributaries fall from the main stream of water above. The thin, dual vertical oak elements form a rhythm with the drips of water. This fragment structure has developed into the main structural element within the thesis.
The thesis suggests that humans and their architecture should liberate floodplains in order to welcome the natural movements of the river with negligible negative effects on the static built environment within. A combination of flood mitigation strategies and tectonic elements are expressed on site in order to describe key flood levels within a working primary school programme, using contemporary forms of traditional, local materials which patternate to display weather conditions over time. The buildings relate strongly to site specific conditions, connected to their place in time and geographical location.
Earthworks Craft of Sedimentation in Post-mined Landscapes Neringa Stonyte On a post-mined site in Clee Hills, South Shropshire, this thesis about Earthworks emerged from initial investigations into the architectural connection between earth and timber or soil and plant evident in natural landscapes but partially or completely compromised in sites that have been subject to extractive activities. A cultural destination Earthworks formed through studies in timber formworks that could be used to enclose, prop or compact earth, their re-appropriation in inhabitable architectures and development of a construction strategy as methodology for describing social and physical history of artificial landscapes. Driven by the architectural interpretation of excavation and sedimentation as the positive and negative of ground, the design of Earthworks consists of an excavation void through a quarry spoil heap serving both as a material source and landscape walk and cultural facilities enclosed by methodically constructed rammed earth walls - a stratigraphic representation of excavation activities on site in the past century. Thesis concludes with examples of how soil and timber may be used to create inhabitable environments that are capable of revealing the locality of place, exhibit human aspect in methods of construction and take on the tectonic, atmospheric and thermodynamic qualities of the material.
Picturesque Factory Farm Bewdley, Worcestershire George Warner Visual tranquility is something we strive to retain within our rural settings in this country. Our small island context and large population have meant that wilderness has been almost completely eliminated. Our notions of natural beauty have been influenced by the man made manipulations of nature. The English Landscape Garden movement pioneers of the 18th century have romanticized our visual relationship with the countryside, architecture being used to add to the beauty of nature. These ideals of rural development exist in direct contrast to the rise of the industrialized factory farm building. We as consumers have an almost complete detachment from the farming process. This juxtaposition of rural beauty versus intensive agriculture forms the basis for my intervention. How can architecture help create an idyllic pastoral landscape whilst simultaneously accommodating a new ethical factory farm environment?
conceptual programme on site concealing the industrialised farming aesthetic whilst silmustaneously revealing the industrialsed farming process
permeability industrial back of house picturesque front of house
A new form of intensive insect farming facility which embodies a different attitude towards intensive farming that focuses on a transparency of process through community education. It aims to engage with our visual experience of the English countryside, presenting a public facade of beauty and tranquility which in turn acts as a portal to industry. It seeks to modernize agriculture in the pursuit of a sustainable future of food production for an ever expanding population.
STRUCTURAL ASSEMBLY a rooflight to farming space b pitched roof clad with reclaimed corrugated steel panels c EPDM roofing d primary structural frame made of prefabricated glulam ribs e timber batterned prefabricated wall panel f first floor internal layout g oak shingles clad prefabricated envelope panels h two storey vertical farming void i retaining wall j ground floor layout k front of house - decorated rainscreen cladding facade L public through route to forest & primary scheme entrance
ABSCISSION ABSCISSION g
CoLiving with Coppicing Wyre Forest, Worcestershire Yoyo Wilson
Year 1 Year 2
Year 3 Year 4
Year 5 Year 6
Year 9 Year 8
Year 11 6
Year 6 Year 7
Year 4 Year 2 Year 12
Year 3 1
Year 8 7
Year 1 Year 2
Year 6 Year 5
Amidst the rhythm of oak coppicing rotation, we seek the resonance with our human living cycles. The perpetual motion of growing and felling, not only reminds us of our tangible existence but also the associative expansion and contraction of our habitat as we mature from one generation to the next. Can we synthesis a symbiotic relationship between our living and the oak coppicing landscape? The Wyre Forestry Commission uses coppicing to restore the ecological biodiversity. How this new supply of oak would be used? Meanwhile, the demand of affordable housing and community living lead the government to introduce Localism Act 2011 prioritises Community Rights. Would community living help to curate a social balance?
Using small diameter, crooked and askew green oak coppice as primary building structure is a testament to our conformance of material variations and building tolerance. Would a composition of this natural organic material with man-made orthogonal elements form an architectural harmonic symphony?
Acknowledgements Guest Critics: Steward Dodd, Satellite Architects Shin Egashira, Architectural Association Takeshi Hayatsu, 6a Architects Guan Lee, University of Westminster Zac Mollica, AA 2016 Design and Make Graduate Hugh Strange, Hugh Strange Architects WSA Critics: Jiuliet Davies, Welsh School or Architecture Wassim Jabi, Welsh School of Architecture Oriel Prizeman, Welsh School or Architecture Andy Roberts, Welsh School or Architecture Alicia Nahmad Vazquez, Phd Student Consultants: John lles, Wyre Forest Landscape Partnership Toby Maclean, Tall Engineer Tim Selman, Wyre Forest Landscape Partnership Neil Sinden, Director of Policy and Campaigns at CPRE (Campaign to Protect Rural England) Jim Waterson, Harper Adams Elly Weston, Wyre Forest Landscape Partnership With help from, Chloe Steward Dan Tilbury
(Euro Mediterranean Urban Voids Ecology) Euro-Mediterranean cities are facing a profound change which goes far beyond the current economic crisis. The collapse of previous public urban management models and the degradation and abandonment processes in many of these urban contexts have proven that in addition to a profound revision of their economic and governance models, a change of the scenarios and values is needed. EMUVE focused on the territorial abandonment processes produced by current economic crisis along the Euro-Mediterranean coastline and the search for innovative methodologies of urban reactivation from flexible, resilient and collaborative approaches. The identity of the unit came from its displacement from the school and introduction to the Barcelona context for a number of weeks to immerse the students into the affect of the city. The unit’s interest was the exploration of innovative design methodologies which evolved from previous top-down over-designed iconic approaches towards more complex ‘open source’ collaborative synergies between public institutions and citizenship, within the framework of the new political context of the Council of Barcelona after the municipal elections of 24th May 2015. The current shift in the policies, of the Barcelona Council to a more socially engaged establishment, was the context for the development of the student’s intellectual development. Federico Wulf
Unit Leader Federico Wulf Student Muhammad Abd Rahman Eleonora Bosman Alice Hiley Rebekah Lindsay Josh McDonagh Emma Thomas Connor Waters Jake Wells
In the first term, the unit divided into groups of three to explore the area of Poblenou, Barcelona through innovative urban analysis. The cumulation of this analysis was portrayed through a group model which we constructed in layers. This allowed us to illustrate our different areas of interest whilst also highlighting the complex nature of the fractured urban voids. The first group developed a tensile structure to highlight cluster areas of diversity that they identified through their research. The second group considered the relationship between core and surface economies and identified the relationship between neighbourhood clusters and the main road of Pere IV. They explored the functions and facilities at each level. The third group explored the concept of super blocks by identifying areas of success and decay in the area which they portrayed through 2 meshes. It was interesting to explore the overlap and discord between each group. 42
Can Ricart Social Laboratory Catalyst For Urban Collaboration and Regeneration Muhammad Muhsin Abd Rahman Poblenou is facing crisis of decaying, degradation and disconnection from the other part of Barcelona city. The first diagnosis is the neighbourhood’s value as an industrial community becomes obsolete as the city evolve and grow. The second is the lack of social cohesion and the third one is the lack and deprived of public facilities and other urban resources. I am proposing a Social Laboratory in the ruins of Can Ricart factories, which have become the symbol of struggle and unity of the community, as part of the University of Barcelona research facilities in their future MINERVA Social Science Park Project. The thesis will study and challenge on how university can become the catalyst of social change and urban rejuvenation process. The Can Ricart Social Laboratory have to be a platforms for addressing the community complex social challenge and strengthen the social network of neighbourhood and the stakeholders.
In Architectural scale, timber papiroflexia intervention system are used to shape the ‘ROUTES’ and ‘JUNCTION’ of the different user group on site, by folding and forming different function and uses. This will improve the neighbourhood’s human, social, physical, and economic Capital and create resilient community in the future.
Collaborative Urbanism An Exploration of Collaboration as a Method For Urban Regeneration Eleonora Bosman The site is Can Ricart, a factory complex at the heart of Poblenou in Barcelona which follows a similar pattern to the industrial complexes of the district but was emblemised by the community after its demolition notice acted as the key catalyst to political protests. It became the embodiment for industrial heritage, identity of the district, social rights, community cohesion and strength, and the reminder of previous governance errors. In reaction to our collaboration with community organisations, the proposal is therefore to establish a collaborative network between existing community groups in Poblenou, each with their individual set of skills to socially and physically regenerate the district. Can Ricart is to be the headquarters of the Arquitecturas Colectivas network and represent the economic, social and political progress happening in the district through its reconstruction and use. It is an open platform for the discussion of socio-economic and political issues and new urban proposals to reactivate the urban voids of the district, to explore the development of recreational, cultural and personal welfare facilities for the community and wider districts.
Laboratory of Re-Assemblement Laboratory of Re-Assemblement CanRicart_A Ricart_A Ruin Can RuinReStoried ReStoried
A palimpsest of Catalonian heritage, the
A palimpsest of Catalonian heritage, the district of Poblenou is fractured physically district Poblenou isunrecovered fractured physically andpost andofintangibly, from its intangibly, unrecovered from its industrial crisis past. Onpost theindustrial junction of thoroughfares, Avinguna crisisPoblenouâ€™s past. On thekey junction of Poblenouâ€™s key Diagonal and Pere IV, theand ruinPere of the thoroughfares, Avinguna Diagonal Can Ricart plays host to this multi-scalar IV, the ruin of the Can Ricart plays host to studies thisinvestigation multi-scalar coordinating investigation parallel coordinating between social, political and economic parallel studies between social, political and issues at the scalescale of the cluster economic issues at the of block, the block, and community. cluster and community. The Laboratory is a convergence The Laboratory is a convergence of three of three demographics including students, demographics including students, individual individual artists and immigrants, artists and immigrants, providing humanistic providing humanistic acupuncture at the acupuncture at the architectural scale.
The current lease to the University of The current lease to the University Barcelona is critiqued through the suggestion of Barcelona is critiqued through the of an alternative faculty, a Foundation suggestion of an alternative faculty, of Re-Storying and a Laboratory of Rea Foundation of Re-Storying and a Assemblement. Laboratory of Re-Assemblement. Removing predisposed ideals of teaching, Removing predisposed ideals of teaching, the proposal offers a new framework of of the proposal offers a new framework learning through collaborative production learning through collaborative production and design anddesign createsand both a new both network and creates a new of dependency a ripple ofand interaction network ofand dependency a ripple of through the neighbourhood. interaction through the neighbourhood. Though Though this newthis network of learning and new network of learning skill-sharing, the alienation of man of canman and skill-sharing, the alienation can be reversed through production be reversed through production of new ofcreated new inventions inventions entirely of created recycled entirely goods, of recycled goods, inspiring the return of inspiring the return of hand-crafted products hand-crafted products and making to the and making to the centre of this new digital centre of this new digital district. district.
6 48 LABORATORY SQUARE | INDICATING KEY SPACES, PROGRAM AND SPACIAL LINKS
Layers of urban history evident from the composition of the district | three key axis Urban PalimPsest_Pere
Carrer Pere IV following the archaic Cami Ral roadway | Breaking homogeneous Cerda Grid Urban PalimPsest_Pere
Pere IV deﬁnes two key axis and diﬀrentiates between storeys Urban PalimPsest_Pere
Fractured green route through district | Can Ricart as pivot link on axis road junction Green Space + Public Realm_Can
Can Ricart links Eix Pere IV, Diagonal with park | Hierarchy of routes Green Space + Public Realm_Can
Antigua Fábrica Production, [Re]Connection, Exchange Rebekah Lindsay Located within Barcelona’s post-industrial district, Poble Nou, this project addresses the scarred urban landscape of abandonment, upheaval and degradation left by the 2008 economic crisis. At the urban scale, examination through social, economic and heritage lenses resulted in the identification of urban ‘clusters’ that when connected, form a social network of permanent and temporary interventions that radiate throughout the neighbourhood, helping reknit the perforated urban fabric. At the masterplanning scale, the stoicism observed during the Can Ricart Conflict is harnessed to create a collaboration between public, private and community sectors to form a socio-economic enterprise that reignites the productive heritage of the site and reduces displacement of the local community. The resultant ecosystem utilises the diversity of knowledge, skills and expertise of the individual for the benefit of the collective.
The architectural scale focuses on the relationship between a Bakery and Brewery exploring the themes of production, [re] connection and exchange. Here, the production process is used as a social facilitator: making visible the symbiotic relationship between person, process and place, and acting as a catalyst for social interaction, economic stimulation and heritage veneration.
DiverCity Providing a Right to the City Through Incremental Housing Emma Thomas This design thesis considers the fractured urban palimpsest of Poblenou, Barcelona to reduce conflict between formal and informal, global and local, and contemporary and traditional, to ensure resilient diversity. Contemporary urban growth, fuelled by mobility and migration, reintroduces nomadic life with people seeking a better quality of life elsewhere. Cities create opportunities for diverse communities built upon self-independence and community interdependence. Vertical streets are proposed as an extension of Barcelonaâ€™s existing social streetscapes, reinventing the successful infrastructure network of the Cerda plan in 3D, and creating focus and orientation to new high density buildings. This addresses cultural hybridisation and synthesises local variation at a human scale. This hybrid multi-occupancy housing scheme explores new methods of constructing â€˜socialâ€™ housing, public functions and communities for new international workers, Spanish mortgage crisis victims and Syrian refugees, establishing an interdependence to the urban fabric, expressed as vernacular high rise architecture of democracy and not isolated global iconic monumentality. This proposal invites change through a flexible, vertically incremental framework which can change, grow, and recede according to needs.
Bridging Urban Stages Linking The Fragmented Urban Fabric of Poblenou Stylianos Tsilimparis The site, Can Ricart, is located in Poblenou, Barcelona, a former industrial area, currently in a state of decay and in need for immediate intervention. The urban proposal suggests areas with higher density of industrial heritage buildings and urban voids to form clusters, similar to Salvador Ruedaâ€™s superblocks, and areas with lower density of heritage buildings to assume the role of beacons dictating the path of an urban route meant to guide someone foreign with Poblenou from one superblock on to the next. The design thesis promotes the idea of a performing arts university campus to move into the grounds and treats the whole site as a big performing stage with several of the university activities being exposed, on different degrees, to the urban route that traverses through the site and the building. The parts of Can Ricart with demolished walls and collapsed roofs accommodate these exposed activities informing a passerby, slowly, on all the steps necessary to stage a performance and are transformed into the new means of production that generate a constant constructive dialogue between the university and the surrounding area, thus, bridging the chasm between them.
Intangible Heritage Creating a Catalan Sitopia Connor Waters Socio-economic issues of urban deprivation, food insecurity and national health reside in the wake of economic collapse throughout Spain. In order to recover the productive heritage of the neighbourhood, Can Ricart is reactivated as a place for food production, education, and experimentation. The involvement of the community within the scheme promotes a resilient economic rationale aligned with Marxist ideology of redefining control over the means of production. Carolyn Steel coined the concept of ‘sitopia’, a term derived from the Greek words ‘sitos’, meaning food, and ‘topos’, meaning place. The notion of an urban food-place provides a pragmatic alternative to utopianism, and underpins the core strategies within the project. Urban voids across Poblenou are transformed into micro farms, a local market is introduced along Pere IV avenue, with Can Ricart becoming a centre for culinary excellence. The project manifests within the ruins of Can Ricart, revealing tangible fragments of architectural heritage, and advancing an intangible culinary culture. An elevated public route acts as a key infrastructural intervention, connecting the fragmented existing buildings and new programme of uses into a sequence of unified spaces. PSYCHOGEOGRAPHIC DERIVE
TH E L AB
FO O D H E R I TAG E
Digital City Synergies of Production Jake Wells The transformation proposal of the remaining industrial land into a “Digital City” started in 1995 with a new urban plan for the area, the Plan 22@, with the idea of a “modern” and “sustainable” district of economic activity based on new technologies. My thesis explores the potentials of society performing familiar tasks through innovative methods, deriving from the change in paradigm imposed by the 22@ masterplan of Barcelona. During an extensive community engagement process it became apparent that local residents felt detachment with the new vision for their city. An intervention is therefore proposed on post-industrial abandonment that revitalises industry through synergies with public institutions and collaborative processes of manufacturing. The new economy is an expansion of manufacturing alongside service industries, taking real objects at a small production scale to the market. Small-scale sustainable methods of productions in textiles, metals, plastics and robotics aid in bridging the gap between an ageing population and the techsavvy youth culture and the symbolic capital of craft revival fused with what the new economy brings in terms of branding and marketing, provide a resilient decentralised industry.
Acknowledgements Guest Critics Oscar Brito, Central Saint Martins, (London) Pablo Martinez, 300.000km/s, (Barcelona Lorenzo Romito, Rome Tre, (Rome) Carles Sala, ETSAB, (Barcelona) Mar Santamaria, 300.000km/s, (Barcelona) WSA Critics Juliet Davis, Welsh School of Architecture Melina Guirnaldos, Welsh School of Architecture Andrew Roberts, Welsh School of Architecture With special thanks to, Various tutors from ETSAB and IAAC Jordi Callejon,Taula Eix Pere IV Neighbourhood Association, (Barcelona) Gemma Canela, Taula Eix Pere IV Neighbourhood Salva Claros, The Poblenou Neighbourhood Association, (Barcelona) Carmen Guell, Barcelona City Council Clea Granados Nikolaidou Stalker group, (Italy) La Col Architects, (Barcelona)
POLITICS Unit P encourages innovation in architecture and design-thinking to dispel habitual and pre-enacted responses to urban and econo-political issues. Using Marx and Deleuze & Guattariâ€™s respective critiques of capitalism as a starting point, the unit engages with the human individual and their inherent desires as the focus for innovation and creativity, as opposed to overriding and repeating state and capitalist processes. With the premise that societyâ€™s political organisation stemmed from fundamental human social and productive instincts, the unitâ€™s proposals return to a close analysis of human patterns of behaviour and interaction with each other and their environment, forming academically and philosophically rigorous theses which challenge the ongoing sedentary nature of global capitalism. By reuniting urban issues with political philosophy, the proposals seek to re-establish the practice of architecture as a catalyst for social development and political discourse based on human principles. Jacob Hotz Hung
Unit Leader Jacob Hotz Hung Student Sarah Ackland Katherine Edwards Viviana Garcia Cameron Hales Simon Mason William Meakin Nia Rogers Brenna Sant Lauren Tang John Tapia Owens
Unit Politics draws from key political philosophy texts: Marx’s Das Kapital and Deleuze & Guattari’s Anti-Oedipus, and begins by collating concepts and exploring them in the form of an installation. Das Kapital sets out a political, economic and philosophical critique of the capitalistic system, attributing commodity value to abstracted human labour and surplus value to unpaid labour. Anti-Oedipus is a criticism of psychoanalysis, questioning the psycho-analytic definition of madness, proposing instead that the concept of the ’Schizo’ may tell us more about ourselves and society. The artwork engages with the texts’ views on the disposition of society in relation with the individual subject. A network of state apparatus and social structures influence the output of our desiring-production, with only Deleuze & Guattari’s deterriorialised Schizo-subject able to emancipate himself from social machines and fully express his inherent libido. In viewing society as a multitude of machines; social-machines, paranoid-machines, desiring machines…the installation plays with the tension between the need for structure and order with the inherent tendency towards disorder and destruction. By relating these concepts to urban architectural strategies, unit members form arguments and propose architectural test-cases which explore their ideas.
An Existential Responsibility Crisis as a Positive Sarah Ackland To re-humanise, people often need to confront â€˜the nothingâ€™ in life, their fears, crisis and mortality. This project grasps the crisis moment and exploits its hidden positives. Politics is caused by conflict and chaos, but what if the crisis is used as a political tool for change? This thesis aims to create a space of nonconsumption, Deleuze & Guattari discuss the desiring-machine and how we are programmed to desire what the state tells us. Yet non-consumption aligns with Nietzscheâ€™s ideas, to desire for oneself causing people to question their existence. This only happens when one is facing mortality; in this crisis moment one can remove oneself from the capitalist system. Ludic follies across the controversial landscape of Guernsey lead down to the place of existential reality- the proposed palliative unit where children can holiday and play whilst undertaking treatment. Guernsey would no longer be known as a Nazi collaborating, Tax Haven Island, but a resilient island of retreat, a place of non-consumption, created by and for those in the face of nothing, a space for re-humanisation, and a place of responsibility for their land and economy.
M D UN
E AP SC
PE SCA ND OU OS ICR
A Window on Glasgow Belief Systems in Built Iconography Viviana Garcia Capitalism’s cyclical nature, sustained by a belief system that self-destructs in order to renew and repeat, is rarely acknowledged by modern capitalism. Normative values are transferred through semiotics or meaningmaking, coded and territorialised in the built environment. For Deleuze & Guattari the icon reifies meaning within a particular regime, acquiring an identity reflecting an immaterial value. Arguably, built icons today are aestheticized, and a product of shallow signature making. Glasgow’s fragmented urban grain and its handling of changing identities through time led to its selection as a test case for research into the capitalist coding of icons, and a site of intervention that would challenge this. Challenging modern ‘signature making’ is done by reconnecting the identifier to its immediate location. The disused site becomes a microcosm, a sharing platform serving community within communication, health and living. Configured vertically, they are arranged in an architectural rhythm informed by its surroundings. The proposal breaks from the repetition of conventional towers, drawing attention to peoples’ 24 hour relationship, and collective operation, within the city. Hence, reterritorializing the icon as a place-specific signifier, the project uses this premise to promote a new belief system based on dynamism and diversity.
POSSIBLE PLAN CONFIGURATIONS
DEPOT -EXHIBITION LOBBY GROUND FLOOR
OPEN PLAN OFFICE
Suspended exoskeleton allows flexibiliy Scale 1.250
HEALTH CONSULTANCY 1 +14
POSSIBLE PLAN ONFIGURATIONS Suspended exoskeleton allows flexibiliy Scale 1.250
SOUTH ELEVATION 1.200
Networking Urban Education Diversifying Cultural & Social Capital Cameron Hales This project focuses on education’s role within society and aims to create truly comprehensive education in Birmingham. At a time of increasing class division, this project explores education’s capacity for societal change. In broad terms the social role of education is threefold: • To socialise the next generation. • To prepare youth for economic participation. • To educate people to a level allowing their involvement in the nations democratic process.
The issue in contemporary Britain is that these functions do not necessarily lead towards a holistic society. Those with the “correct” social and cultural capital have an inherent advantage, stemming from the sociological role of education to recreate these forms of capital in order to maintain the status quo. Despite education being perceived as a catalyst for social mobility, it inevitably aids those born into households whose cultural and social norms are aligned with those of the ruling classes. The response establishes a system in which schools can act as part of a network. The economy of scale means greater number of students will have access to specialised facilities, equipment and staff. The architecture reflects this shift in size. With pupil capacity in the thousands, structures of support are imperative. Schools and spaces are designed around social units. Schools within a School, so to speak.
Reterritorializing Industrial Landscapes Using Alienation as a Design Driver Simon Mason Given the Marxian theory of the Alienation of the proletariat, as a result of the introduction of the mechanisation of industry in the 19th century, the aim of the thesis is to investigate solutions to prevent the Alienation of the 21st century proletariat. The emergence of globalisation has facilitated the simultaneous, and continuous, growth of the market economy. Resulting in the steady decline of the British industrial economy and abandoned industrial landscapes, left to ruin and degradation, and a society whose values and skills are based upon physical labour susceptible to Alienation. With the recent Steel industry crisis, there are a number of communities across the United Kingdom that are in danger of being without not only their economic means of income but also a marker of cultural Identity. The thesis explores how the creation of a variety of spaces can facilitate knowledge transfer between all individuals in the town - providing employment opportunities to those who may be unemployed and apprenticeship opportunities for the younger generations, therefore preventing alienation. Whilst simultaneously working with the existing infrastructure of the site to prevent Architectural alienation.
Resettlement Through Mobility and Integrated Technology Upgrade Housing William Meakin Automation and technology are driving the economic and social changes that will define the coming decades; alongside this, individual areas of applied technology are advancing exponentially. One example is the ‘driverless vehicle’. This proposal examines the potential for such vehicles to become a mobile extension of the home, providing transport alongside a mobile work environment and technology hub for the wealth creators of the near future; architectural responses required to facilitate this scenario are suggested and described. The relevance of this scenario to a specific area -Tredegar and its valley- is modelled: its low land values yet close proximity to major city regions provide an ideal location for the type of development envisaged. Inherent in this concept is the likelihood that new entrepreneurial ‘settlers’ would effectively create a new labour market to service their requirements with the ‘trickledown’ of wealth reinvigorating the area as a whole.
JEITINHO - PRACTICAL/IMPROVISED SOLUTIONS
EVERYONE NEEDS A ROOFTOP - WATER COLLECTION, DIGITAL INFRASTRUCTURE, VENTILATION, PRIVATE SPACE...BECOME REALMS OF NEGOTIATED SPACE
WORK IN SMALL GROUPS, FORGE NETWORKS OF ITINERARIES
OPACITY - LABYRINTHINE SPACE INFORMAL AUTHORITY FLOURISHES BEYOND STATE SURVEILLANCE PACIFICATION EFFORTS ATTEMPT TO CONJUGATE THE FAVELA ‘HOLEY SPACE’
LABOUR RESERVE FAVELA THUS EXPANDS & CONTRACTS WITH THE FORMAL ECONOMY
GUERILLA CULTURE & ECLEC TIC BUILDINGS...SUSTAIN BY TAPPING INTO TOURIST INDUSTRY
TOPOGRAPHY FACILITATES BILLBOARD-LIKE SURFACES, APPROPRIATED FOR DISPLAYING MESSAGES TO FORMAL CITY OFTEN MESSAGES OF IDENTITY/PROTEST, APPEALING TO DISEMPOWERED POLITICIANS WHO RELY ON THEIR VOTES
SURVEILLANCE & COMMUNICATION CONTROLLED BY VISTAS ACROSS ROOFTOPS GIVEN DENSITY AT GROUND LEVEL
INFRASTRUCTURAL PROVISION IS OFTEN STOLEN
ACCESSIBILITY DRIVES MATERIAL CHOICE/
FAVELA ACTS AS A PARASITE/ RESOURCE DRAIN UPON THE FORMAL CITY
ABILITY TO CULTUVATE THE LAND COMPROMISES ACCESSIBILITY
CREATE INFORMAL ECONOMY FROM CONSTANT FLOW OF PEOPLE AND PASSING TRADE IMITATE FORMAL ECONOMY
TRADE-OFFS BETWEEN ACCESS TO INFRASTRUCTURE AND INSTABLE GROUND CONDITIONS
HOUSES BUILT PRAGMATICALLY TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS - E.G STREETLIGHT PROVISION
ILLEGAL PROPERTY MARKET & INFORMAL RENTAL STOCK
Schizo - Infrastructure Integrating Informal Innovation
COMMUNALLY HELD CULTURAL AMENITIES, HISTORICAL IDENTITY TACTICS FOR CLAIMING TERRITORY
REAPPROPRIATION OF SPACE & MATERIALS FOR IMMEDIATE NEEDS
HOLDS DESIRABLE TERRITORY ON HIGH GROUND OVERLOOKING RIO & STUNNING LANDSCAPE OCCUPIES SPACE WHICH IS ‘DESERVED’ BY THOSE WITH GREATER ECONOMIC POWER
CREATES INSTABLE STRUCTURES & DISORDERLY SPATIAL CONFIGURATION
HILLS HISTORICALLY CONSIDERED TO BE AN OBSTACLE TO MODERNISATION SINCE RIO WAS PLANNED UPON PRE-DETERMINED/ STRIATED EUROPEAN IDEALS
Nia Rodgers An exploration into Deleuze & Guattari’s idea of the ‘desiring-machine’ andBEEKEEPING the dichotomy between the normative subject and the ‘schizo-subject’, this project relates these concepts to research into patterns of living, negotiation and creative use of space in Rio de Janeiro’s favelas. MARUJUANA/
VEGETABLE PRODUCTION By experimenting with a synthesis between sedentary Capitalist modes of living and thinking with the more creative and adhoc survival tactics emerging from informal settlements, the project proposes the reconfiguration of port-side infrastructure in the state of Rio de Janeiro, attempting to dismantle preconceptions of the way we use city structures and interact with our immediate environment. The rearranged form of the bridge scans and probes its environment, facilitating an editable and inhabitable freezone of self-expression which interacts with existing ‘formal’ infrastructure on the site.
CORNER: HARD/SOFT HYBRID STRUCTURE
BECOMES LARGE HYBRID STRUCUTRE AS DECK CURVES AWAY FROM CANOPY GREATER FREEDOM OF SPACE AND EXPANSION AS STRUCTURE EXTENDS OUT TO SURROUNDINGS
CANOPY + GROUND
SHELTERED PUBLIC SPACE ACCESS TO CANOPY ROOF BRIDGE STRUCTURE ‘LOBBY’
CANOPY + BRIDGE DECK + ‘SOFT STRUCTURES’
CANOPY CARRIED OVER SITE BY DECK CANOPY A REFERENCE POINT IN A CHANGING ENVIRONMENT SOFTER, EDITABLE STRUCTURES BREAK DOWN THE RHYTHM OF THE HARD CANOPY
By proposing structures which can be ‘filled in’, attacked or extended by their inhabitants, new possibilities of living and thinking emerge as citizens are encouraged to evolve with and adapt to fluctuations in environmental conditions and the unexpected results which are triggered by creative modes of inhabitation.
SAMBA/ STREET P
STREET MUSIC STREET SPORTS
INFORMAL COMMERCE/ EXCHANGE MARKET/ PUBLIC SPACE
CULTIVATION/ CHICKEN FARMING
De-constructing Old Boundaries A Creative Hub to Promote a New Identity for Reunified Berlin Brenna Sant Deleuze and Guattari’s principle of exteriority and the condition of the deterritorialised space is visible within the city of Berlin. With its politically conflicted history the ideologies of 5 political regimes have become ingrained into the built environment. The western district of Kreuzberg has eluded government control and priorities of investment allowing the district’s voids to become a breeding ground for the temporary use of squatters, and subcultures. In turn this attracted an economy based on creative industries which further strengthened this ‘itinerant’ territory. However with this, gentrification and eventual displacement of the initial pioneers inevitably follows.
With an urban strategy that mimics the assemblage of the creative and the nomadic culture to create a sustainable network that provides resilience for Kreuzberg’s creative industry and local community, transforming deterritorialised zones into creative scenes. Extending from this creative platform, a creative hub is provided for this social network containing flexible studio and exhibition space that can adapt to the uses and users needs. The heterogeneity of this Art House represents and reflects the ambiguity of boundaries found in Berlin’s culture, the creative industry, and the Kreuzberg community
The Metabolic Olympic Games Adaptable Arenas John Antony Tapia Owens My thesis is based on the reterritorialization of displaced and gentrified communities of the mega event via the adaptive reuse of the stadium (commodity) that has lost its â€œuse valueâ€? once the mega event has occurred. It seeks to question the long term sustainability of megastructures and stadiums built for mega events such as the Olympic Games as well as addressing issues of large scale evictions of minority communities due to these temporary events. With the upcoming Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro in the summer of 2016 and the hosting of the World Cup in 2014 Brazil has encountered many issues. Brazil already has problems of corruption, lack of health care facilities, education, inequality and low percentage of social housing; many of the locals are enquiring into the major investment into the hosting of the temporary event rather than the reformation of society leading to numerous protests over Rio de Janeiro. The hosting of the mega event has allowed forced evictions of the minority communities of the favelas, especially on the Olympic site of Barra, location of my thesis case study.
Realizing a Liberal and Democratic Society in Modern China Shanghai, China Lauren Tang From the text â€˜Postscript on the societies of controlâ€™, The design thesis began with exploring different methods of managing societies, focusing disciplinary society and a society of control. Most western countries adopt a disciplinary society method that shapes a citizenâ€™s action by creating instructions to follow. Whilst society of control like China reinforced rules over citizens to maintain smooth operations within the society. The different governance system had costed China many negative international criticism of its in-humanitarian governance. The current Chinese governance model, which reflects a society of control, started during Revolution in early 1900s. This was during a period when China was facing both serious internal and external threats. A oneparty government was needed to tackle these issues by efficiently and quickly executing new policies and orders. This government model led China to become one of the strongest nations economically. Nevertheless, with the improved living standard and globalization, citizens are not satisfied only by economic growth.
Although a liberal democratic society will be translated in a different format than the West. This thesis researches on how urban design and architectural solution can assist China to move forwards to its next stage.
Acknowledgements Guest Critics: Dan Benham, Architect (Wales) Chris Donoghue, Architect (Bath) Dr. Jan Harris, Philosopher (Wales) Kristian Hyde, Architect (Swansea) Swan Hung, Artist (Wales) Chik Kanamoto, Architect ( London) Peter Thomas, Architect (London) David Whitter, Architect (Wales) Consultants: Caroline Almond, Architect (Bath) Ian Jones, ST Engineer (Wales) Hugo Keen, Architect (Cambridge)
SENSATION Architects have the power to influence the senses, the emotions and the behaviour of people to an extent that artists in other media can only dream of. The theme of the studio is sensation: how architecture effects that ways that people feel and interact. This makes challenging demands of students, the most important being that they are able to analyse their own feelings about architecture with rigour and honesty. Every threshold represents a transition: what happens to us when we cross such lines? The experience of movement through a sequence of spaces is powerfully synonymous with the primal structure of narrative. Logical progression and satisfying resolution: beginning, middle and end. As architects, when we create spaces for people to inhabit, in effect we give them the same opportunity as performers offer their audience. The spaces that we design are idealised representations of untamed, primordial places that occupy the fringes of our imagination. By superimposing structure and architectural narrative onto our environment we are providing reassurance to ourselves and others that our existence has meaning and purpose. Jonathan Adams
Unit Leader Jonathan Adams Students Niki Alexiou Anastasija Barkovskaja Amelia Brown Joanna Hart Jamie Holmes Tayseer Kardash Jack McCulla Lauren Searle
The unit spent their winter term completing an installation project. It began with the students observing and recording the responses, the behaviour and the interaction of people – including themselves – within a significant public space. After analysing and recording public interaction, the students each made a physical intervention – an installation - that modified their subject space in a meaningful way. The students then observed and recorded how the public interacted with their installation, in instances swapping locations and making changes in order to learn as much as possible about their impact on the public space. The concept behind this project was that this would provide a useful experience that would become a fertile source of ideas, providing confidence for the following thesis project.
Dis - ABLE A New Inclusive Theatre Niki Alexiou Geometry is a measuring tool used by people to appreciate space, its scale and qualities. But what about people whose inherent geometry and perception of space are different? This thesis aims to explore the provision of a variety of non-conventional performance spaces addressed to both able-bodied and disabled people, and as an extension of that, look at how architecture can choreograph the movement of people with various ways of perceiving and using space, creating awareness of movement, much like what happens within a dance performance. The scheme developed is an inclusive theatre, one that does performance for everyone, including people with physical and mental disabilities. As a response to that, the therapeutic side of performance became a key aspect of the programme. The elimination of physical thresholds through different means of circulation becomes a powerful manifestation of freedom of movement and helps in defining spaces, including performance venues, as a series of experiences. Taking traditional accessibility practices further, the investigation was also extended into how materiality, lighting and different levels of enclosure can enhance oneâ€™s awareness and journey through space.
Aqua Theatre Redefining The Nature and Place of a Performance to Increase Public Interest in Cardiff Bay Anastasija Barkovskaja Design thesis explores possibilities of water becoming an integral part of theatre performance and investigates how it can become an entertainment itself. With its constantly changing state and natural abilities to be still, naturally flow, cascade down, or reflect and sparkle under the light, water can enhance peopleâ€™s sensory experience on a journey throughout the building. The proposed building is designed to capture dynamic qualities of flowing water in a series of organic volumes, each containing a large body of water purposed for various themed uses. An auditorium itself is themed as a celebration of water. Here, a â€˜circus-basedâ€™ water performance takes place showcasing a human body merging together with water through an act of immersion, sink and fall, movement on the surface and under water.
Cardiff is known to be one of the leading cities in South Wales bringing biggest revenue in tourism. Cardiff Tourism and Action Plan 20152020 is focused on development of cultural landmarks and recreational amenities along Cardiff Bay promenade to increase annual tourism revenue. As a result, a proposed building is intended to function commercially becoming an integral part of Cardiff Tourism and Action Plan aimed at boosting tourist economy.
Environmental Theatre The Role The Natural Environment Has To Play In Performance Amelia Brown Traditionally theatres inhabit a space isolated from their surroundings where the environment is entirely artificial, this thesis aims to challenge this conception and reintegrate theatre with the environment through the use of natural light. The key to achieving the desired light qualities lies in the design of the buildingâ€™s envelope. Detailed light studies were a key design driver and influenced both the form of the building and its programmatic arrangement. The qualities of the principal envelope material, translucent concrete, allow the changing paths and qualities of light to be accurately depicted on the inner face of the roof planes, transforming the internal environment. Focus is not solely on the internal qualities of the theatre, the building itself is intended to emerge from the parkland, breaking through the landscape with triangular, planar geometries integrating an open air performance space into the roof-scape. The thesis serves to showcase how performance can be enhanced by the integration of environmental factors, providing facilities which can be used year round and implementing innovative envelope materials to achieve a synergy between internal and external environments.
Cartographical Poetry Garth Mountain, Pentyrch Joanna Hart Heidegger argued that we are not aware that we’re alive - that we are not mindful of the mystery of Being (‘das Sein’). In order to regain awareness we must observe the Unity of Being and the relation of man to the world. In a modern, technological world where one is so often unaware or unconcerned with ones surroundings, this thesis, through a modern revival of poetry in the area surrounding Garth Mountain seeks to provide refuge and alternative from the distractions of modern urban life in the form of a spoken word retreat and performance venue that offers the potential to reconnect with the natural world, and thus open creative channels – a process inspired by traditional bardic training and the search for ‘awen’ (inspiration). • THE KITCHEN • From the earth to stove to table.
A simple poetic architecture rooted in elemental symbolism and traditional vernacular, aims to provide sheltered space for academic study as well as a base point for exploration of the landscape through the act of walking. The scheme proposes an architecture of simplicity of form and construction that engages with its context and invites users to do the same; informing a poetry that is a recording of a landscape experience that relates the human body’s trajectory to an environment – a site specific collaboration between poets and landscape a cartographic poetry.
93 93 • A RETREAT AT THE FOOT OF GARTH MOUNTAIN •
The Book as a Sensory Object Penarth, Cardiff Jamie Holmes With the invention of electronic paper in the late 1990s and the subsequent explosion of mass marketed e-readers, digital technologies are rapidly transforming the everyday landscape of people’s lives in the 21st century. The book, as traditionally conceived, is undergoing a profound shift in this new epoch of an ‘information age’. This thesis is envisioned as an architectural response to the threat faced by the book, and proposes a reaction to preserve their analogue powers. The research undertaken within this thesis has been heavily influenced by Gothic literature which has always been markedly self-conscious about its written properties, drawing attention through fragmentation, unreliable narrators and embedded narratives. This can be seen clearly in the work of Mark Z. Danielewski’s house of leaves whose ergodic fiction is purposely designed to be unreadable through digital means.
The architectural response is, in its simplest description, a hand-made book manufacturing and storage facility taking the form of workshops and a library/ archive. Five characters, each personifying their specific role in the book making process have been created and an embedded narrative has been developed creating a dichotomy between imagined and real space has been explored in parallel studies.
Festival as a Pilgrimage In praise of the Human Body Going From The Vastness of Steep Holm to The Intimacy of The Human Body Tayseer Kardash The title of the design thesis incites the reader to reconsider design concepts that modernity has thrust upon the mainstream theatre industry. It is a continuation of my dissertation, which explores an inward expansion of dwelling towards the human body, built around the context of Bernard Rudofsky’s exhibitions, whose approach was centred on tactile relationships with one’s surroundings. My design thesis is an endeavour to deconceptualise the ideas and ideals that define and shape theatre spaces and locations, expanding on the notion of dwelling in a space inwardly within the theatre space. The Pilgrimage programme begins on a boat and ends at the festival hall located in Steep Holm which offers a great opportunity to utilise limestone sediment by subtracting and carving it to create spaces that incorporate the function of chairs, namely into ‘the scheme of bodily existence’.
The scheme’s focus is centred on reusing materials that become available during excavating to create spaces sensitive to the body. The idea driving this process is that it not only allows natural habits to shine through, but also promotes natural architecture by incorporating limestone pieces into structures, artefacts and fixtures.
Instrumental Architecture Jazz as a Catalyst For Regeneration and Reconnection in St. Pauls, Bristol Jack McCulla “What is Jazz? Jazz is a made up word, its social music.” - Miles Davis The design thesis investigation began with a study of Jazz; its history, elements and atmosphere. The underpinning feature of improvisation and ‘the jam’ fuel its innate ability to draw people together, allowing musicians to play off each other forming the distinctive social framework that is jazz. The thesis is applied in St. Pauls, a deprived area of North Bristol, chosen due to the connection to the transatlantic slave trade, corresponding Jazz roots and its presented need for regeneration and re-connection. ’The Jazz Factory’, is located along a processional route through St. Pauls that allows the St. Pauls Afrikan Caribbean Carnival to spread to the city centre.
An instrumental architecture is proposed to provide an acoustic relationship between St. Pauls and the people through shared sound and Jazz, just as the performer communicates through an instrument to the audience. This includes a series of elements called projection horns and passenger tubes, derived from the form and design of musical instruments, that project the factories product into the context and provide visitors with the sensation of being inside a musical instrument.
Journey Through Performance Performance Journey Through The Use of Water to Guide Spectator The use of water to guide spectator Movement movement through Architecture, throughLandscape architecture, landscapeand and performance. Performance.
Lauren Searle Lauren Searle design thesis hasby been The design The thesis has been driven the driven sense by the sense of journey up to and beyond of journey up to and beyond performance, performance, the sensation enhancing the sensationenhancing of anticipation. This of anticipation. This is achieved through is achieved through layering of an artificial layering an artificial topography, topography, andofmomentum accentuatedand momentum accentuated by movement by the movement of water and the spectators. of water and spectators. The fluidity of the The fluidity of the water course breaks down water course breaks down rigid geometries, rigid geometries, and articulates public and and articulates public and private realms private realms in order to guide a processional in order to guide a processional approach approach towards a new arena for Cardiff, towards a new arena for Cardiff, showcasing showcasing live music, entertainment and live music, entertainment and exhibitions. exhibitions. The scheme proposes to regenerate and
The scheme proposes to disconnected regenerate and bring life back to the space bringoflife to the disconnected the back Bute East Dock. Drainage ofspace the dock of the Bute East Dock. Drainage the dock offers potential for a new,ofsunken public offersrealm, potential for aa free new, public creating andsunken accessible space realm,atcreating a free and accessible space all times, with associated amenities and at all creative times, with associated amenities of and enterprise. Punctuations green creative enterprise. Punctuations of within green the also establish moments to pause also establish moments tocontinuous pause within the urban context. The spectator urban movement context. The continuous spectator across the dock culminates to form theacross arena in layered system movement thea vertically dock culminates to of layered tiered concourses. form the arena in a vertically system of tiered concourses.
The resolution aims to create a continuous
grain between The resolution aims landscape, to create aarchitecture continuousand performance, establishing a wider cultural grain between landscape, architecture and context beyond the dock walls to the city performance, establishing a wider cultural centre context beyond the dock walls to and the the citybay. centre and the bay. 2 100
101 3 3
Acknowledgements Guest Critics Patrick Hannay, the University of Wales Institute, Cardiff Gareth Jones, Producer/Director at BBC Wales Professor Richard Parnaby, UWE Bristol Simon Unwin WSA Critics Juliet Davies, Welsh School of Architecture Wayne Forster, Welsch School of Architecture Consultants Tom Martin, Mann Williams Chris Ricketts, Artistic Director of Cardiff Producing House Sherman Cymru Pat Ruddock, Mann Williams
SHADOW-MAKING + CULTURES At the threshold, the crossing of silence and light, lies the sanctuary of art …. It is the treasury of shadows (Louis Kahn) The Unit links to ongoing research on the theme: Shadow-Makers: a cultural history of shadows in architecture (Kite, Bloomsbury Academic, 2016-17 forthcoming). Too often architecture exploits shadow merely to reveal light and form, or banishes it altogether in the ongoing project to maximize transparency. However, the theses of this Unit have foregrounded shadow as positive figure in the making of architecture. A broad understanding of cultural moments when shadow has – on its own terms – been the subject of thought in architecture and visual culture has been acquired (Shadows Primordial, Sacred, Sublime, Gothick, Urban, Unconscious, Modernist and so forth). As a working territory Venice offers specifically evocative settings, as a city of close proximity to the unconscious, suggesting ‘a life of emotion rather than intellect’ – quite literally the shadowy realms of the oceanic that Freud has described. The Unit took the northern region of the lagoon – extending from the northern Castello part of the main island, through the cemetery island of San Michele, and encompassing the whole of Murano – and tested the Unit themes in a variety of settings and programmes; Map Archive + Scholar’s Retreat; School of Automotive Design; Women’s Refuge; Floating Theatre; Tidal Baths; Centre of Textile Research; Amphibious City; Hospice; Glass-Making School; Meditation Retreat; thereby richly unlocking the potentials of shadow-making.
Unit Leader Professor Stephen Kite Students Nektarios Fotopoulos Andrew Hadley Glenie Choi Hoang Lee Kyoung Hur Dominiki Kyprianou Maria Melissianou Robert Newman Grace Lee Ru Kuanxin Xu
Skia Macchina The shadow machine projects the idea of skiagraphy (from the greek word â€˜skiaâ€™ (skia)= shadow) on an urban scale. The model depicts the region of the venetian lagoon, while the pivoting part represents the area extending from the northern Castello to the cemetery island of San Michele; and encompasses the main part of Murano. Model Function and Tectonics
The model consists of three different layers: Timber, concrete and plexiglass, each representing a different aspect of the lagoon: seabed, land and urban fabric respectively. The pivoting part serves the purpose of experiencing the site and its shadows from diverse viewpoints, emphasizing at the same time the varying layers of the lagoon. The mechanism is inspired by the Venetian astrolabes and is true to the solar data of Venice. The solar mechanism is represented by the copper arc and the longitudinal and altitudinal constrains are satisfied by its combination with the timber disc, on the right hand side of the model.
Shadows of Memory, Designing the Memoriae Machina A New Map Archive and Scholars’ Retreat for Venice Nektarios Fotopoulos The design thesis is derived by a research on mnemonic techniques that were developed from ancient Greek times to European renaissance. The two pioneers, Giordano Bruno with his work “Shadows” and Giulio Camillo with his “Memory theatre” are the theoretical pillars of this thesis. The basic principle of the Ars Memoria is the relationship of a memory with a specific place and an emotionally powerful image. The memory machine employs shadow and light with its ultimate aim the creation of the essence of a living memory theatre. The theoretical investigation is brought to life through the manifestation of a new map archive and facilities for a program run by E.P.F.L. known as “The Time Machine”. A new island is designed for the public archive next to the cemetery island of San Michele. The design grid is based on intersectional axes, following similar principles to those of Venice’s urban development. The horizontal axial organization is coupled with a vertical theatrical arrangement of different levels that form a processional journey. The intersection of time, memory and shadows is culminated in the main space of the archive, where a clock-like mechanism dynamically changes the interior atmosphere throughout the day, creating a variety of powerful images.
What Does Craft Mean in the 21st Century Murano, Venice Andy Hadley Within the context of Northern Italy, where Venice sits, the craft of luxury automotive design and manufacturing dominate the global market. Both the design and manufacturing processes of these cars reflect a heritage and permanence of craft particularly in the scope of Ferrari. These highly tuned luxury cars are saturated with craftsmanship, for example, when being made each engine is only touched by one pair of hands, and is thoroughly examined and tested by man and machine at each stage of construction. Producing physical models of concept cars allow for these artisans to understand fully the designâ€™s ergonomics, how natural light falls on the body, where the shadows begin and end and to establish trust between client and designer. New methods of creating these clay forms embody and begin to answer the question of what does craft mean in the 21st Century. A combination of CNC milling and carving by hand abolish Richard Sennetâ€™s stereotypical craftsman; one who is huddled over a dim light, and instead offer a potential synergy of man and machine, and of natural and artificial light.
Feminism in Venice Shadow as a Place of Refuge Glenie Hoang In response to the theme of Feminism, the brief aims to deal with the legacy of sexism in contemporary society. The brief is derived from the research on the needs of Venetian women in the society today. Statistics show 1 in 3 women in Venice are predicted to suffer from domestic violence in their lifetime. The Architectural response is a series of spaces dedicated to women, which demonstrates the importance of narrative, the journey from the public domain into a safe retreat for women entering a refuge. The design challenges traditional cloistered living spaces for women recovering from life-threatening situations. The Architecture harmonises and grows to connect to its surrounding context and local community. Venetian lace was a craft established by women during the Renaissance, which gives the opportunity to explore the potential qualities of lace being both revealing and concealing. The overall master plan is influenced by the layering of thresholds allowing opportunities for prospect and refuge. The proposal will demonstrate the importance of the â€˜in-between spaceâ€™. The thesis explores the opportunity to re-imagine public/private space to reveal further themes of domesticity, interiority, materiality, privacy and security.
Performativity Shadow Theatre, Venice Lee Kyoung Hur “Serenissima” In Venetian life, the performance of public events and festivities were a central feature of Venetian life since the Renaissance and Baroque ages. The performance took place in public spaces all over the Venice island. Festivities were more than just celebrations, but also they were life of the Venetian people , city’s history, and tradition. “Floating city, floating life” All the life of Venice arranged with floating. All the elements of the city made up of with floating. All the cultural venues and life of Venice compose on the floating islands. The shadow theatre will be the part of the floating component of the city. In response to this festivity atmosphere of Venice, the theatre will encourage the entire city as a stage of the performance. Venice is a remarkable performance-floating based city, the theatre will float around the city with performance. “Shadow performance” The theatre, shadow is not an incidental figure, but appear as a main performer. All the performance of the theatre work with shadow play. This characteristic of the theatre will provide differentiated experience to the audience .
Shadows of Water Healing Tidal Healing Baths - Mental & Physical Healing Domniki Kyprianou
Pur if ic at ion of L ago on w a t e r retaw noogal fo noitacifiruP
He a ling Pro c ess
seliP no - retaw ni ecineV
Purification Process |From Dark to Light
Purification Process |From Dark to Light
Key • Pediatric and Physiotherapy Clinic • Purification Station • San Franceso Della Vigna proposed Piaza Baths: • • • • • • • • •
Boat House Restaurant/ Cafe Foyer Area Reception Vaporetto Stop Bathing areas: Hot Baths Cold Baths Herbal Baths
• New Born Baths • Long exercise Pool • Phyiotherapy/hydrotherapy facilities • Conteplation Garden • Steam Baths • Relaxation room
Tidal Baths Shadows of Water Healing | Plan 1:250
Purification Process |From Dark to Light
Purification Process |From Dark to Light
Venice was a city built on the waters; its residents known as “the people of the lagoon”. Water in Venice was not merely tolerated or somehow neutralized instead its lagoon landscape was the result of a dynamic process which illustrates the interaction between people and the ecosystem of their natural environment over time. Today the lagoon has lost much of its identity and functionality; for most visitors and many citizens the lagoon is no longer perceived as the cradle of the polycentric history of Venice, causing a crisis of community identity. This thesis envisages to conceptually restore the lagoon’s role as a mediator and a concentrator of social relationships and as an asset on which Venetians can once again relate, connect and profit. How can this water that is now rooting away Venice be redefined from an element of destruction to an element of construction and healing. This thesis proposes the creation of a place that consolidates the interchange of land-water and people - the creation of Tidal Healing baths. Mental and physical healing baths combined with a physiotherapy and a paediatric clinic that shall serve Venetian community and visitors. The Lagoon water shall be used in the Baths, serving and celebrating life. The whole experience will celebrate the shadows of water healing and the repossession of the bond between the people and the Lagoon
Shadows Shadowsof ofWater WaterHealing Healing || Section Section1:100 1:100
Tidal Tidal Baths Baths Purification cation Station Station || Final Final Stage Stage Purifi WaterTank Tank || Storage Storage of of fifiltered ltered water water Water
Purification cation Station Station || Filtration Filtration stage stage 44 Purifi Mechanical || Architectural Architectural || Organic Organic Mechanical
Shadows of Healing |Main Entrance from Bridge
Purification cation Station Station || Filtration Filtration stage stage 44 Purifi Mechanical || Architectural Architectural || Organic Organic Mechanical
Mechanical || Architectural Architectural || Organic Organic Mechanical
Purification cation Station Station || Filtration Filtration stage3 stage3 Purifi
Purification cation Station Station || Filtration Filtration stage stage 22 Purifi Mechanical || Architectural Architectural Filtration Filtration Mechanical
Purification cation Station Station || Filtration Filtration stage stage 11 Purifi
Venetian Lagoon Lagoon || Filtration Filtration stage stage 00 Venetian
Main Bath area | Interior view
Shadows of Water Healing | Elevation 1:100
Shadows of Healing |Foyer Space Shadows of Healing |From Dark to Light
Shadows of Healing |Foyer/ restaurant space
Woven Shadows Textiles and Textures of Murano/ ’’Rebirth of the Silk way’’ in Murano Maria Melissianou This project is located in Murano and aims to be an economic, industrial and cultural regeneration intervention for the island. The proposal is a light industrial production centre that will produce silk and bio-fabric innovative textiles. The site of this proposal is located at the entrance of Murano. A derelict, glass factory stands in the main part of site while the existing buildings frame the site and its access both towards the canal and the lagoon. The design strategy is based on ‘weaving’ the compound architecturally and programmatically. The project explores the tectonic weaving of structures and spaces in order to form a building through different autonomous hubs. A firm weft creates the structural base of the building which weaves through the openings of the existing structures introducing a dialogue between the past and future of the site.
A vertical and a horizontal grid creates a weft of roofs that produce woven shadows. The roofs are made of two overlapping layers of concrete fins that extend like threads and weave in space until they reach the old red brick walls of the existing obsolete structures. The distance between the fins changes and the weft shifts according to each room and its use in order to provide the optimum light levels. The rhythm of the Venetian light follows the rhythm of the silk looms.
Dwelling on the Edge How can Venice adapt as a modern city in the face of rising sea levels and human crisis? Robert Newman This thesis aims to address the need for an architectural landscape which can adapt to rising sea levels, ensure the future development of Venice as a modern city and provide a model for building adaptation to be utilised around the world. Exploring the design of a prototype floating city displays a precedent for the expansion of cities onto the water - a new fluid environment that can accept people from different countries and can provide for an influx of people in times of human crisis. This project is composed of three core elements. An amphibious foundation that rises and falls with the tide, protecting the city from flood. A 3D printed built fabric of rapid construction, that is light-weight, modular and cohesive in design with a floating condition. An architecture which is incremental in nature, offering an organic growth which responds to the needs of a new mixed community. It is an alternative system to current refugee housing, to the deteriorating condition of Venice, and to static architecture on flood prone land.
Death & Decadance Venice on the Journey of Death Grace Lee Xin Ru Traditionally, when death occurs in Venice, the bodies are transported on a funeral gondola and then buried in San Michelle, the cemetery island. Every 12 years, the remains are cleared and thrown in Sant’ Ariano – the island of bones which has become an ossuary as there are insufficient space to accommodate the dead. A new way of treating death in Venice is needed. When a living thing dies, they decay and slowly turn into ashes. I am casting the ashes of the dead as an aggregate in concrete and the memorial of the dead will be built with the concrete blocks. So the ashes casted in concrete becomes a fragment of architecture like how Aldo Rossi sees body as a series of fractures that needs to be put together. As death accumulates, the memorial grows. As time passes, the older concrete blocks would weather while new blocks of ashes cast in concrete would stay on top of it. With its growing nature, the memorial would be a testimony that witness Venice’s death as it sinks.
Then, I move on to investigating the journey of death. In the past, people used to die in their homes. However, more and more people end up dying in the hospital which is a horrible place to die. A hospice would be an alternative to the way death is treated. My attitude of death towards Venice is similar to how hospices treat death.
Inhabited Bridge New Cultural Gateway to Murano Kuanxin Xu “Technique moves deft touches of beauty, In Murano reverence walks winding streets, In Venice’s shadow islands lay just claim, Here seated is the Glass Blower’s Domain.” – Jon Wiley Murano is a renowned glass-making centre, but the rich culture of glass making is still hidden inside the brick factories and threatened to be vanished into the Venetian lagoon. The question seems to be whether or not Murano can maintain its distinctive identity. Will there be continuity with past generations, who defined themselves by a thorough and skillful involvement in glasswork? Inspired by Martin Heidegger, bridge gathers the fourfold and makes the site into a meaningful place. An inhabited bridge is proposed to connect two banks while itself is a destination and a public meeting point. It works as a new gateway to Murano while being the centre of rejuvenation of Murano’s own identity- glass making culture. The idea of locating programs on the bridge gives the city the possibility of using it in a more dynamic way. It makes travel from one side to the other not just an interesting spatial experience, but also has a cultural and commercial function that invites people to stop, visit and stay which reflects upon the cultural identity of Murano.
Acknowledgements Guest Critics Alice Brownfield Simon Unwin WSA Critics Abed Badran, Welsh School of Architecture Charles Drozynski, PHD Student
INFRASTRUCTURAL URBANISM Towards a New Civic Architecture: Town Hall The work this year examined the role and relevance of the Town Hall, as an administrative centre within the community in a time of austerity, government cuts and decreasing block grants to Local Authorities. Site was specific to individual unit propositions. The architectural investigations enquired into the relevance of a civic presence at a time when many local authorities are selling off their Town Hall buildings and turning over services to trust management and volunteers. The work included the decentralisation of health, nursery provision and counselling services within Cardiff; the making of new public spaces to counter private provision and BIZ zoning at Canary Wharf London; the architecture associated with the reforming of the democratic and representational processes of local councillors in Swansea; the use of a new demographic to bring new inhabitants; services and a reconnection of the town to the sea at Rhyll North Wales; and the architectural support of a liminal community in Egypt. Peter Salter
Unit Leader Peter Salter Students Bassem AbdelShahid Ross Couper Benedict Edwards Paul Leader-Williams Alistair Nicoll Jessica Robinson
As a unit we began the year by investigating how the role of the Town Hall has changed over time. Initially we were encouraged to look at many different places and buildings within the U.K., exploring their â€˜civicnessâ€™ and response to the needs of the community. This was investigated through collages, models and drawings and engaged discussions with guest critics. By understanding how functions and facilities of the Town Hall have changed over time, and the fracturing of society since Thatcherism, allowed us to define our political standing in todayâ€™s society. This was furthered by a method of thinking in systems, allowing the research we had uncovered to be placed within our schemes. Informed by this research, we have all developed very different architectural strategies, from the miniature to the monumental, as new civic pieces for our chosen sites. 126
Cairo: Whose City? The Town Hall as a Civic Tactic Empowering Local Activism Bassem Abdelshahid Singular, monolithic and hierarchical, is how the Egyptian government portrays itself. Abiding by its national constitution, the consolidated state is a threat to local governance and local independence. The uprising of January 25th, 2011, has put Cairo in a state of flux, where the urban is in constant transformation. Communityled efforts and bottom-up initiatives are responsible for the most dynamic changes in the city today, pursuing a more democratic access to the urban and enforcing a new citizenship. Following those vibrant local forces, this thesis seeks to envision the modern western model of the ‘Townhall’, which has failed to finance its utopian task of providing social welfare, to be operating instead as a bottomup institution, an enabler to autonomous entities that make the city a more just and fair place to live. Laying stealthily within the historic quarter of Old Cairo, triggered by the patterns of adaptation and re-use of architectural ruins by the quarter’s residents, the project puts forward an architectural investigation in the design of spaces freed from functional constraints; spaces of comfort, intended for humans and not machines - a notion that seems to be lost in today’s modern architecture.
Stages of Democracy Towards a New Transparent Civic Architecture: The Town Hall Ross Stuart Couper How can the town hall react to austerity and developments within technology and society to remain a relevant part of civic life? The thesis explores the history of local government and its role in providing democracy to the people. Focussing on the City and County of Swansea as a test bed, an approach has been developed that involves and represents the needs of the people. The town hall becomes less of a service provider and more of a beacon for transparent democracy. Mobile local councillors take an active role within existing community nodes such as schools, working mens clubs and rural farms. Backed up by a digital presence based at the current site of the DVLA, and seen via apps, social media, digital billboards and interactive bus-stops, the key information and decisions in the area are shared and commented on, in essence forming the new facade of the town hall. A new public space is also situated at the DVLA, preserving the history of the institution and an identifiable cultural centre to the city.
Connections through the Periphery Ely, Wales Benedict Edwards Initial analysis of Cardiffâ€™s six neighbourhood areas highlighted large disparities in deprivation and service available. Cardiffâ€™s car oriented transport infrastructure, made up of radial routes terminating in the city centre, has resulted in a disconnection between neighbouring communities.
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To tackle these imbalances, my proposal takes a stance against the existing Council System and proposes the dispersal and decentralisation of council services, in order for them to become more accessible to the public and remove the strain from larger under resourced services. By dispersing these services into each neighbourhood it will create local points of contact for support within a community and allow for more targeted services to be determined by the local conditions and demographics. Using a tram system as a spine to build new local services off and increase neighbourhood mobility and connection to existing services. The focused tram station I have designed, located in Ely, addresses the high levels of dependent children in households by providing a nursery to relieve the pressure on parents, and includes social support offices.
The Social Stock Market A Community Market for East London Paul Leader-Williams Over the last 30 years an overriding focus on economic efficiency has shifted the Town Hall from its position as a civic entity at the centre of community life to that of a commissioning service tendering contracts for rubbish collections and street repairs. As the sense of the â€˜civicâ€™ disappears from the architecture of government, we are left seeking it in those places that are still used by the community as a whole, in markets, parks and public squares. In order to encourage the development of social and community enterprise within the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, the proposal seeks to develop an infrastructure for smaller scale social enterprise, building a sustainable community around a local market and developing employment from and for local skills, regenerating the area with the local community rather than gentrifying it at their expense.
Cardiff: A New Civic Identity Recapturing Civic Pride Alistair Nicoll Cardiff faces many of the same issues faced by councils and local authorities across the country in this post-recession era of austerity. The thesis has looked at the impacts of costcutting on vital public services, as well as voter apathy and the loss of ‘civic pride’ The proposal is two-fold. Firstly, a network of Community Wellbeing Hubs is established around the city’s existing leisure centres, containing leisure facilities, polyclinics, council offices, advice centres and community spaces. This decentralist approach sees local services previously offered by three different providers (local authority, NHS and ‘third sector’ NGOs) combined and administered with in the communities where they are needed. The second part of the proposal is to reconnect the city with its historic Civic Centre, and recapture the city’s civic pride. The Cathays Park campus and the city’s docks, one of the feeder canals for which runs through the site, were critical in Cardiff’s bid for city status in the early twentieth century. A new civic piece on the site by way of an exhibition hall adds to the city’s ensemble of civic buildings, helping to ensure that the city’s civic history and identity can continiue to engage and to be celebrated by the people of Cardiff.
^ Castell Dwr Civic Regeneration for Rhyl Jess Robinson Since the rise of the package holiday in the 1960â€™s, Rhyl has seen serious decline. Once such a popular place that successfully promoted health and well-being, today, a third are permanently sick or disabled, and two-thirds are claiming benefits. With such high expenditure to keep the town surviving, the majority of its leisure facilities have long since been abandoned, leaving the once celebrated promenade as a ghost town, devoid of life, with diminished connection to the sea. A reconfiguration of the promenade creates a protected lagoon to reconnect the town centre to the water; its only continual civic asset. The new civic architecture revives Rhylâ€™s lost identity, taking form from the castles of North Wales and acting as a catalyst for future regeneration; providing services to connect and support the changing social mix, and facilitate the celebration of water through its tectonic. The project focuses on the new bathing pool for Rhyl, playing on the memory of the lidos of Victorian seaside towns. By revitalizing the energy surrounding water-based activities, the prospect of health and pleasure addresses the social issues that have developed in the townâ€™s recent history.
Acknowledgements Guest critics: Hugo Hinsley, Architectural Association Carlos Villanueva Brandt, Architectural Association WSA critics: Marga Munar Bauza, Welsh School of Architecture Wayne Forster, Welsh School of Architecture Consultants: Ian Jones, ST Engineer (Wales) Hugo Keene, Architect (Cambridge) Chris Tweed (Head of WSA) With help from, Alice Harwood Bryony Martin
Unit I SHAPING STORIES Shaping Stories emerged from a Cardiff University-wide engagement initiative, Community Gateway (http://www.cardiff.ac.uk/community-gateway) through which Cardiff University has developed mutually beneficial and long term partnerships with the communities of Grangetown, Cardiff. Focusing on a former Grangetownbased Gasworks site which has been identified in the Cardiff Local Development Plan for 500 homes, this unit began by inviting residents of Grangetown to share their stories around the personal histories, values, and visions of Grangetown and the Gasworks site. The Unit ran a public event in a Storytelling booth (now installed on Bute 2nd floor landing), using the collected stories as a starting point to develop masterplan narratives for this challenging isolated site located between IKEA, a capped landfill, strip-mall retail, and the river Ely. Precedent studies analysed comparative densities and fabric of public spaces in other global cities, and analysed the role of the arts through film, music and literature, to explore the role of personal narratives in inhabiting cities. Each studentâ€™s proposal begins with a key thematic narrative, framing the development of an urban masterplan and a proposal for a key building as a catalyst for a new urban community in Grangetown.
Andrea Zorbis 144
MASTERPLAN OF SITE 1 : 1250
KEY Marshland Walkway Main Service access onto site Access road to commercial area Garden Path Private marshland access Cycle Route.
Baruch Tong CAR PARK
Alessandro Carlucci 145
Alessandro Carlucci 146
Rhianna Bailey Patricia Janska
Unit II LIQUID URBANISM The objective for this Unit is to develop an urban strategy for a district with 300 homes and associated urban infrastructure required to generate a new urbanity in Great Yarmouth linked to the existing fabric in a future scenario with 5m rise of sea level. Unit had opportunity to develop an understanding of parametric design process and skills in parametric design tools that was used in designing processes. Using parametric thinking lead to base designs according to some rules, parameters or systems that would drive every project. Along side with parametric thinking unit was also focusing on how to deal with drastically rising water levels and constant floods that town suffers from every year.
Sophia Chrysanthou 148
Sophia Chrysanthou 149
6.5 m 1m
1m 15 m
10 m 5m
6.5 m 6m
SITE PLAN LANDSCAPE WORK 1_1000 m
Pastora Alvarez Junquera 150
UNIT III THE LOCAL HIGHWAY This unit investigated the impact of Walesâ€™ largest ever construction project, the M4 relief road, and how this will influence the City of Newport, in South Wales. What will it mean for: The Edge / The Infill / The Wetlands / The Wasteland This was a real-time project, with actual social, ecoÂnomic, environmental and legacy issues that need to be addressed. The unit worked alongside the appointed contractor and Welsh Government for this major transport and infrastructure scheme. The students liaised with key stakeholders Associated Docks and Ports Authority, Tata Steel, RSPB, whilst also gaining an understanding of the significant political, economic and social implications of such a large scale investment. This unit did not ask the students to design the infrastructure models, but rather understand the consequences and how it will impact different areas, land types and user groups.
SECTION A-A 1:100
Harrison Marshall 154
VIEW FROM 1ST FLOOR
Joelle Rumbelow 155
UNIT IV THE GREAT FLOAT Expanding on the Unitâ€™s studies of the lower reaches of the Thames Estuary we propose a year of investigation on the architecture of the watersâ€™ edge in Liverpool and Birkenhead. The Estuary, a landform shaped over millennia, along whose banks today are docks, marshes, communities and industrial facilities, will again form a key aspect of our project relating architecture to context through the exploration of landforms and envelopes. The development of the project was through extensive iterative modelling of site conditions and case study building types - this year the Library. Students develop a public space and a new Library relating both to the docks and its hinterland and supporting the activities of reading learning and making.
Despina Pattichi 156
5 Plant Room 6 Kiln Room 7 Resident Cermacist Studios 8 Temporary Collection Gallery 9 Private Studio Terrace 10 Reading â€˜Roomâ€™ 11 Conference Hall 12 Magasine Section 13 Young Persons Collection 14 Childrens Ceramic Classroom 15 WC 16 Storeroom 17 Play Area 18 Childrens Reception Desk 19 Young Adult Section 20 Computer Lab
Zhe Chen 11
Ground Floor Plan (Main Library) 1:200
This mixed media drawing shows the ground floor of the library and its programme orgnaisation. The colouring in this drawing o the Forest of Books represents the invasaged glazed brick mur that will line the inside wall. This mural will act as a label to repr sent the progression through the forest from 000-999 in the dew deciaml system. A similar marking system is deployed in the Young Persons section, going from age 0-17. Colours outside the envelope of the building portray the zoning system from previous process work.
Myrto Pitara 157
Ying Sun SECTION A-A 1:200
‘Knowledge is Power’
Amber Francis 158
This accompanying image to my manifesto is intended to explore the journey of the library and of knowledge throughout history. It expresses how knowledge opened up the world and made it a bigger place. As our knowledge and understanding of the world grew, the places that we needed to contain this knowledge grew also. But then, after time, our expanse of knowledge made the world a smaller place, as it became easier to share information using technology. Knowledge and information became more portable and the ‘common man’ was able to access information, as opposed to in the past when ‘knowledge was power’ and only accessible by the elite and wealthy. Information is becoming more portable, which is challenging the need for the spaces designed to hold all the written information. Do we still need big places to store information when we can now access it on the go, at any time? This is something I intend to explore in the project.
AXONOMETRIC FLOOR PLANS 1:250
Alden Ching 159
SOUND SHIELD FACTORY AIR INFLATED STRUCTURAL TUBES IN RELATON TO DUNGENESS POWER PLANT A
UNIT V ARCHITECTURE FROM INVENTION 1:200
There has always been a need for invention in architecture, more so now, since current legislation has proclaimed the need for “robust details”, the layering of buildings to meet increasingly higher standards of insulation, through continuous amendments to the Building Regulations and the required materials and workmanship warranties - all of which lead to standardization, kits of parts and prefabrication. There has always been a place for an experimental architecture, whether it be Wells Coates’ Lawn Road flats, Anton Gaudi’s chain models of arches for the Segrada Familia, or Eladio Dieste’s shell structures for churches and factories in South America. This year the unit will concentrate on exploring the architectural possibilities associated with bending plywood to form shell structures. Each form designed by the student will be cross- examined to understand how it reacts to stress, how it behaves in terms of light, sound, wind, and water circulation, to become a set of constraints for a programme of architecture. Much of the early work will be finding ways of testing your plywood forms, and from this a programme will emerge. The cutting, looping and inducing stress into a two way bonded plywood sheet will set up particular forms that are inherent in the material’s make-up. When a building form emerges, how will this inherent form become transformed and translated into the process of design and construction without losing its inherent qualities of space and materiality? At the same time remaining reactive to its environment?
Deimante Auksoriute 160
22: 3 0
Jade Tang OU TDOOR PL A NE TAR IUM The c op p er grid allows the p u blic to trac k and loc ate the p lanets and s tars along the w a l k w a y a t di f f e r e n t t i m e s .
Claudia Vesga 161
Arran Thomas 1:50
Section of the Small Chapel
SOUND AND SEA LIFE Sound is one of the most important physical factors for the life and survival of marine mammals. All sea creatures use sound for communication between each other in far distances for example dolphins communicate by clicking short sounds and the furthere away member of the family is the more clicks dolpins make in order to locate each other. Sound for most of the mam mals is the primary instinkt to nd food, for example using ecolocation whales can scan suroundings and nd food. Sound is a HOMELAND in the vastness of the sea, distance and survival for sea mammals.
TRAFIC NOISE Water is exelent conductor for sound travel through. It travels three times faster underwater than in the air thus making it dangerous for marrine life. Due to high levels of industrial shipping there are high levels of sound polution underwater. Marine Mammals have suffered for many decades and just recetly has been recognised the harm shipping noise does therefore a consurn is high for survival of many marine mammal species
PROTECTING UNDERWATER LIFE With investigation carried out on marine mammals and importance of the sound, I proposed underwater marine reserves across English Channel. Reserves would be a place for sea creatures to be protected against harm and sound pollution. Furthermore provide shelter, home and food for habitats. The aim is to provide home but not caging so mammals can come and go whenever they want to leave reserve. Sound shields would be constructed around the edges of the reserves so sound could be taken out and would be reduced to suitable sound levels. The internal side of the shield would have sea-weed going where it becomes food source and hideout for sh. Hot water pipe of Power Plant B in Dungeness would be extended to re serves to provided additional food source - plankton.
FIRING PRACTICE AREA
NO SHIPS ZONE
PROPOSED MARINE RESERVE
MARINE RESERVE BOUNDARIES
EXTENDED DUNGENESS B PIPE
CABLES ACCROS THE CHANNEL
OCEAN DEPTH 60M
6 BURNING CHAMBERS These burning chambers are for smaller scale tests, e.g. fire doors or sandwhich panels. These tests are set out with more many more control variables. 7 OBSERVATION ROOM The observation room crouches into the burnhall to observe the structural tests. It is layered with fire protective material as well as heavy insulation. It;s overlly thick walls give the essence of protection. 8 ARTIFICIAL LIGHTING The space needs to be lit up by huge lamps approx 1500watts per bub in sets of 4/5. The lights have been placed in accordance to my lighting studies in order to achieve my design intentions. The scale of the spaces alows me to achieve a natural lght that reflects light in through the chimney according to wind direction as well as provide enough lux for inspection of materials/systems artificially. 9 WATER JETS SUPRESSION SYSTEM These jets are used to supress the fire after the tests are complete. They pump water from the surrounding lake.
system. The framge acts as a heat sync, sucking the heat absorbed by the concrete panels to avoid it from overheating. The frame allows for the outside form to vary from the interior form, allowing air to be effectively harnessed from the outside to create an artificial air flow which can be controlled by dampers in the inlet vents.
15 CONCRETE PANELS These panels are specially shaped to allow for effective extraction of the air/smoke on the inside. It also creates more surface area and thinner concrete walls to transfer heat through its skin more efficiently. These panels have water pipes running through them ( used to heat up intended systems e.g. vegetable gardens), as well as another layer of pipes running water on the iinside of the burnhall that will be used to generate steam to create power.
10 TRANSPARENT RESIN ION EXCHANGE FILTER This filter allows for light to come through the chimeny. It chemically absorbs the carbon dioxide filtering out the smoke. once the supressive systems activate the humid steam washes the resin from the carbondioxide it absorbed.
N IGHT G ARDEN
Whi te tu l i ps br i ng t he g a rde n t o l i f e a t ni g ht i m itating the starry sky , while inte grate d with e le me nts of De re k Jarmanâ€™s ga r d en .
Mohammed Awadalla 3
1:100 SECTION OF BURNHALL
Andrzej Bak 163
UNIT VI MEMORY Engaging with themes of place, legibility, permanence and change, the unit explores the role of memory in the physical and temporal re-contextualisation of a richly overlain but under-utilised site within Bristol’s substantially lost and largely forgotten mediaeval core Located within Castle Park, adjacent to the Brycgstow, the Saxon crossing-point from which the city takes its name, the site was the city’s physical and symbolic centre from its earliest origins until 1940 when, following six hours of Nazi bombing raids, it was reduced to the series of isolated fragments, including the C12 St Peter’s Church and the C15 Church of St Mary Le Port, that now stand, in varying stages of decline and decay, at the site’s perimeter The unit invites students to engage with this context and, through considerate intervention and personal strategies of new and old, to re-contextualise its fragments, elucidate its memories and, in this re-membered place, to create an accessible archive, a receptacle for the evolving memories of the city and its people
Piotr Paszkiewicz 164
Stefanos Dalites 165
Federico Lippi 166
Smaranda Ciubotaru 167
UNIT VII WELSH REGIONALISM Based in the Welsh heartlands, in the town of Llandovery, this studio considered the role of regionalism in contemporary architecture. It addresses issues such as: rural context; cultural reference, narratives and myths; value sets; vernacular materials & typologies; regional sustainability and responses to local climate. This was the first year of a new studio working in a specific location, with strong cultural. geographic and topographic features to develop proposals for contemporary rural architecture. The studio spent the first semester working on collaborative fieldwork, before identifying their individual sites and briefs for the final project. The design output of the studio included community consultation in Llandovery; site analysis of the town to identify specific strengths and weaknesses and to look at the real threats and opportunities; masterplanning to provide alternative development strategies to the existing local development plan; and a final project focusing on a specific medium to large-scale design proposals identified through the process of masterplanning. This is the first year of a new unit looking to work in the heartland communities of Wales and contribute to the current regionalist architectural discourse.
Luiza Munteanu 168
Alia Linardatou Novak 169
Alia Linardatou - Novak
NEW WHITE LION HOTEL
Melina Koutra 170
Olivia Riley Luiza Munteanu
Lari Ala-Pöllänen 171
Karolina Dudek 172
WSA Exhibition Committee Chairs Cameron Hales Sarah Ackland Curation Viviana Garcia Coordination Nia Rogers Finance Jessica Robinson Graphic Design Bassem AbdelShahid Brenna Sant With Thanks to Janice Coyle Charles Drozynski Year 3 Contributors Sophia Hale Daniel Krajnik