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U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service

Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge Bird List


photo: Quincy Banks photo: USFWS

Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge, established in 1964, is managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior. The refuge is located on the Chattahoochee River and is superimposed on the Walter F. George Reservoir, a river and harbor project of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Situated between Alabama and Georgia, the refuge encompasses 11,184 acres of land, marsh and water. The refuge office is located about 6 miles north of Eufaula, Alabama, on Old Highway 165.

photo: Darryl Spaulding c

How to use your checklist The bird checklist was designed to be informative and simple to use. The list is arranged in the order established by the American Ornithological Union. Symbols which appear in this checklist represent the following: Seasonal appearance Sp-Spring ...................... March - May S-Summer ................... June - August F-Fall .......... September - November W-Winter ....... December - February Seasonal abundance a-abundant (a common species which is very numerous) c-common (certain to be seen in suitable habitat) u-uncommon (present but not certain to be seen) o-occasional (seen only a few times during a season) r-rare (seen at intervals of 2 to 5 years) x-accidental - (out of normal species range) cover photo: Quincy Banks

*-known or suspected to have nested on refuge.


This checklist includes 287 species of birds and is based on observations by refuge personnel and visiting ornithologists. Special acknowledgment is given to Dr. Julian L. Dusi, Auburn University, for compiling this list from years of personal observation. If you should find an unlisted species, please let us know at Refuge Headquarters. We appreciate your help in updating our records. SP

S

F

W

Loons Common Loon Red-throated Loon

o x

o

u

u

Grebes Pied-billed Grebe* Horned Grebe Eared Grebe

c r x

u

c r

c o

Shearwaters, Petrels Leach's Storm-Petrel

x

Pelicans and their Allies Double-crested Cormorant Anhinga* Brown Pelican White Pelican

c u r r

u u

Herons, Egrets and Allies American Bittern Least Bittern* Great Blue Heron* Great Egret* Snowy Egret* Little Blue Heron* Tricolored Heron Reddish Egret Cattle Egret* Green Heron* Black-crowned Night-Heron Yellow-crowned Night-Heron

o u c c u c o r c c u u

r u c c u c o

r u

Ibises, Spoonbill, Stork Glossy Ibis White Ibis* Roseate Spoonbill Wood Stork

o

u r r x

x

o

o

a c u o

c a o u o r a u u r

a a o o r r u r c

r u r o

u r u

r

c r

r u r


SP Waterfowl Fulvous Whistling-Duck Tundra Swan Greater White-fronted Goose Snow Goose Ross’s Goose Canada Goose* Wood Duck* Green-winged Teal American Black Duck Mallard Northern Pintail Blue-winged Teal Northern Shoveler Gadwall American Wigeon Canvasback Redhead Ring-necked Duck Greater Scaup Lesser Scaup Oldsquaw Common Goldeneye Bufflehead Hooded Merganser* Common Merganser Red-breasted Merganser Ruddy Duck Vultures, Hawks and Allies Black Vulture Turkey Vulture Osprey* Mississippi Kite Bald Eagle Northern Harrier Sharp-shinned Hawk Cooper’s Hawk Red-shouldered Hawk* Broad-winged Hawk Swainson's Hawk Red-tailed Hawk* Rough-legged Hawk Golden Eagle American Kestrel Merlin Peregrine Falcon

S

x x o u c a c u a u c c u c o o c

c a c o

c c c o u u u c o c o r r

r u u r u u c c u

c c o

o c u u c o x c x r c o r

u c u u c r x c x o c o r

a a a u a a a c a a o u a c

r

c c c o o o o c o c r o

W x o u c r a a a u a a a a a a u u a r c x o c c r u c

r o u

u x u u r r u

F


SP

S

F

W

Gallinaceous Birds (Quail, Turkey and Allies) Wild Turkey* Northern Bobwhite*

o c

u c

u c

o c

Rails, Gallinules, Coots and Cranes Yellow Rail Black Rail King Rail* Virginia Rail* Sora Purple Gallinule Common Moorhen* American Coot Sandhill Crane

x x u o o u c c o

r

Shorebirds Black-bellied Plover Lesser Golden Plover Wilson's Plover Semipalmated Plover Piping Plover Killdeer* Black-necked Stilt American Avocet Greater Yellowlegs Lesser Yellowlegs Solitary Sandpiper Willet Spotted Sandpiper Upland Sandpiper Whimbrel Marbled Godwit Ruddy Turnstone Red Knot Sanderling Semipalmated Sandpiper Western Sandpiper Least Sandpiper White-rumped Sandpiper Baird's Sandpiper Pectoral Sandpiper Dunlin Stilt Sandpiper Buff-breasted Sandpiper Ruff Short-billed Dowitcher Long-billed Dowitcher Common Snipe American Woodcock* Wilson's Phalarope

u x u c u

u u

r

u r c

o r c x r u u o r u r x x x

c c u o c u x o u u c u r c u o x x o u a o o

o u r u x r u o r x o x u r r

x u x o o u a o

o r o r u a o

u u x o

o x

a

a

r u c o o u r

r u u r r o

x x o u o c r o c c o r u u c u o

r u c u c

u c u


SP Red-necked Phalarope Red Phalarope Laughing Gull Bonaparte's Gull Ring-billed Gull Herring Gull Gull-billed Tern Caspian Tern Royal Tern Sandwich Tern Common Tern Forster's Tern Least Tern Black Tern Black Skimmer Pigeons, Doves Rock Dove* Mourning Dove* Common Ground-Dove* Cuckoos Black-billed Cuckoo Yellow-billed Cuckoo* Groove-billed Ani Owls Barn Owl* Eastern Screech-Owl* Great Horned Owl* Barred Owl* Long-eared Owl Short-eared Owl Northern Saw-whet Owl

S

F

W

x o u c u

o

u

o x x x u r u x

x u o

o o

x r u c u r

o u a u x r

c o

r u u

c a u

c c u

c a c

c a u

o c

c

o o x

u c u c

u c u c

u c u c

o

u c u c x o x

Goatsuckers Common Nighthawk* Chuck-will’s-widow* Whip-poor-will

u u r

o u

o

Swifts, Hummingbirds Chimney Swift Ruby-throated Hummingbird*

c u

c u

c r

Kingfishers Belted Kingfisher*

c

c

c

c

Woodpeckers Red-headed Woodpecker* Red-bellied Woodpecker* Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

o c u

o c

o c u

o c c


Downy Woodpecker* Hairy Woodpecker* Red-cockaded Woodpecker Northern Flicker* Pileated Woodpecker* Flycatchers Olive-sided Flycatcher Eastern Wood-Pewee* Acadian Flycatcher* Alder Flycatcher Least Flycatcher Eastern Phoebe Great Crested Flycatcher* Vermillion Flycatcher Eastern Kingbird* Gray Kingbird

SP

S

F

W

c u

c o

c u

u u

u u

c u

c u x c u

o u x o u c

o c

x r u

x c c

c r

c

c

x x

Larks Horned Lark

x

Martins and Swallows Purple Martin* Tree Swallow Northern Rough-winged Swallow Bank Swallow Cliff Swallow Barn Swallow*

c c c u r c

c u a a

Jays and Crows Blue Jay* American Crow* Fish Crow* Chickadees and Titmice Carolina Chickadee* Tufted Titmouse* Nuthatches Red-breasted Nuthatch White-breasted Nuthatch Brown-headed Nuthatch* Creepers Brown Creeper Wrens Carolina Wren* Bewick’s Wren House Wren

c

u o x

c

o a a u o a

c c c

c c c

c c c

c a c

c c

c c

c c

c c

c

o r c

o

u c r u

r c

c

o c

c

c

o

x

o


SP

S

F

W

Winter Wren Sedge Wren Marsh Wren

r u u

o u u

o c c

Kinglets and Gnatcatchers Golden-crowned Kinglet Ruby-crowned Kinglet Blue-gray Gnatcatcher*

u c

c

u u u

u c o

c

c

c

u c u

o

u c

r r c o c

Thrashers Gray Catbird* Northern Mockingbird* Brown Thrasher*

u c c

u c c

u c c

o c c

Pipits Water Pipit

c

u

c

Waxwings Cedar Waxwing

u

o

c

Starling European Starling*

c

c

c

a

Shrike Loggerhead Shrike*

c

c

c

c

u o o o

c

u o r x r u

o o x

Bluebirds, Thrushes and Robin Eastern Bluebird* Veery Gray-cheeked Thrush Swainson’s Thrush Hermit Thrush Wood Thrush* American Robin*

Vireos White-eyed Vireo* Solitary Vireo Yellow-throated Vireo Warbling Vireo Philadelphia Vireo Red-eyed Vireo* Warblers Blue-winged Warbler Golden-winged Warbler Tennessee Warbler Orange-crowned Warbler Nashville Warbler Northern Parula* Yellow Warbler Chestnut-sided Warbler

c o o o

u

r r c

x

a

x x

r o c o x

c o

o o r o x

u


SP Magnolia Warbler Cape May Warbler Black-throated Blue Warbler Yellow-rumped Warbler Black-throated Green Warbler Blackburnian Warbler Yellow-throated Warbler* Pine Warbler* Prairie Warbler* Bay-breasted Warbler Palm Warbler Blackpoll Warbler Cerulean Warbler Black-and-white Warbler American Redstart Prothonotary Warbler* Worm-eating Warbler Swainson’s Warbler Ovenbird Northern Waterthrush Louisiana Waterthrush* Kentucky Warbler* Common Yellowthroat* Hooded Warbler* Wilson's Warbler Yellow-breasted Chat*

c o x u u u o r o u u c c u x u

Tanagers Summer Tanager* Scarlet Tanager

u o

New World Finches Rose-breasted Grosbeak Blue Grosbeak* Indigo Bunting* Dickcissel Northern Cardinal*

o u u r c

Sparrows Eastern Towhee* Bachman’s Sparrow* Chipping Sparrow* Clay-colored Sparrow Field Sparrow* Vesper Sparrow Lark Sparrow Savannah Sparrow Grasshopper Sparrow* Henslow’s Sparrow Le Conte's Sparrow Sharp-tailed Sparrow Fox Sparrow

r r u c o o u c u

S

u c u

x

F u u c r o o c o u c x u o

W

a

c c o

c r u u u c c c

r

u

c c u x u

u

x

c c c

u u x c

c o u

c r c

a

c

c u

c c a u

o

c o x r

o

o

c c x c u

c c

c c

x c o

o

u x u


SP Song Sparrow Lincoln's Sparrow Swamp Sparrow White-throated Sparrow White-crowned Sparrow Dark-eyed Junco

S

c c c o o

Blackbirds, Grackles, Cowbirds and Orioles Bobolink c Red-winged Blackbird* a Eastern Meadowlark* c Yellow-headed Blackbird Rusty Blackbird u Brewer's Blackbird Common Grackle* c Brown-headed Cowbird* c Orchard Oriole* u Northern Oriole r Old World Finches Purple Finch Pine Siskin American Goldfinch* Evening Grosbeak

c a c

c c c

No. of species: Route or area: Observers: Remarks:

c x c u o u

a x a a o c

a c x o

a c

a a

Time:

u o a a r

c

c

c

c

c

c

Sighting Notes

Weather:

W

o

Weaver Finches House Sparrow*

Date:

F

to:

u u c r c


photo: USFWS

For additional information contact: Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge 509 Old Highway 165 Eufaula, Alabama 36027 334/687 4065 Ethics for Birdwatching Take care not to disturb nesting birds. This exposes eggs and young to extreme temperatures and predation. Disturb wintering bird life as little as possible, particularly during critical feeding and resting periods. They need all of their energy reserves to withstand the stresses of harsh weather and migration.

photo: USFWS

Do not litter Many birds die when they become entangled in fishing lines, 6-pack rings and other trash, or when they mistake garbage for food.


Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge 509 Old Highway 165 Eufaula, Alabama 36027 334/687 4065 http://southeast.fws.gov U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service 1 800/344 WILD September 2000


Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge Bird List