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Name ..............................................

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The ‘Beginning’ of Western Music

Notation Howard Goodall’s Big Bangs – Notation Please answer the following questions on this sheet as you watch the DVD.

1. What is notation? _______________________________________ 2. On what did the medieval monks use to record their history? ____________ 3. In the monasteries of the first Christian millennium, what was the only music they had left from the Romans? ___________________________________ 4. Around what year did music start to be written down? ____________ 5. What culture did Western Europe look to establish its musical system? _________________ 6. In trying to recreate a system of music, medieval monks had to rely on P_______________ that had developed from J___________________. 7. Plainchant is the actual expression of the C________________ F_________ . 8. In the ________ Century Pope Gregory the great ordered a collection of church repertoire into one hymn book. Plainchant became known as G_________________ C______________ . 9. The words of a chant were written down but the music was not. How many hours of music would need to be memorised if a singer were to perform every note of every chant? ______________ 10. What is a major drawback in relying on memory in an aural tradition? _____________________________________________________

http://www.bandnotes.info/tidbits/notation.htm http://www.lib.latrobe.edu.au/MMDB/Feasts/l14062400.htm


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Class ....................

Numes

11. Above the Latin text are strange symbols and markings called numes. They were a primitive attempt to show the contour or S ___________ of the melody you were to sing 12. The main flaw with numes is that they give you the outline of what you are singing but not where you are to s_____________ f____________ . 13. Numes are best at reminding of the tune you a __________ k __________ .

The Thin Red Line

14. This line acted as a f __________ r______________ pitch for the notes to lock onto 15. The Big Bang came with the man who gave us musical notation G ______________ M ________________ in ______________. 16. Guido’s notation method involved 3 lines... Red = the note ____ Yellow = the note ____ Black = the note ____ 17. The distances or leaps between the notes are called I _______________ . http://www.bandnotes.info/tidbits/notation.htm http://www.lib.latrobe.edu.au/MMDB/Feasts/l14062400.htm


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Class ....................

18. Guido also invented the D__ R__ M__ singing scale. But his version was originally called _____ ______ ______ 19. By the 12th Century all chant books had a standard ___________ line stave and the 5th line was introduced in the _______________ Century. 20. Guido’s invention paved the way for music’s next Big Bang, C ______________________

http://www.bandnotes.info/tidbits/notation.htm http://www.lib.latrobe.edu.au/MMDB/Feasts/l14062400.htm

Big Bangs 1. Notation  

A worksheet for students to fill out as they watch Howard Goodall's DVD documentary 'Big Bangs No.1 - Notation."

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