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Magazine

Issue 30 2019

World Mining

newmont goldcorp creating the world’s largest gold miner

Newmont Mining Corporation has agreed to buy Goldcorp in a $10 billion deal that would see the combined entity become the world’s largest gold producer


the editor

© BHP 2019

Global action on tailings

Editor

The

T

he tailings dam tragedy at Vale’s Feijao iron ore mine in Brazil on 25 January has shocked the world of mining and prompted leading mining organisations into emergency action. “Today, tailings management is the most pressing issue facing the minerals sector,” said Janice Zinck, President of the Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum at a meeting in February 2019 of the Global Minerals Professionals Alliance (GMPA) – a collaborative partnership between leading professional organizations for minerals around the world. Held in Denver, Colorado in conjunction with the Society for Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration (SME) Annual Conference and Expo, the meeting saw the emergence of a new initiative, Global Action on Tailings. “Collectively, the GPMA has thousands of experts in all aspects of mining and milling relating to tailings generation, reprocessing and management, making its members well-poised to address this complex topic from a scientific, fact-based perspective,” said Zinck. Leading mining companies have also made public declarations relating to the management of their own tailings facilities. Andrew Mackenzie, chief executive of BHP, joint

Martin Ashcroft

owner with Vale of the Samarco project, which suffered a tailings dam failure in November 2015, has revealed that dam safety reviews have been performed at “significant active, inactive and closed tailings facilities across BHP”. The reviews found no significant deficiencies to their stability, he said. Rio Tinto has disclosed detailed information on each of its global tailings facilities and has published both the company’s group procedure and its standard for Management of tailings and water storage facilities, which it now intends to review. “I would like to acknowledge the recent tragedy at Minas Gerais in Brazil, and our thoughts are with all those impacted by this truly awful event,” said chief executive J-S Jacques. “The entire industry has a responsibility to do better and Rio Tinto is committed to play its part in any industry response, including an independent expert review.” Towards the end of March, the International Council on Mining & Metals (ICMM), in conjunction with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Principles for Responsible Investment (PRI), committed to the launch of an independent review to establish an international standard on tailings storage facilities. The aim is to complete the work by the end of the year. We pray there are no more tragedies in the meantime. World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

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Contents Cover story newmont goldcorp: creating the world’s largest gold miner Page 6 Page: 3 • 6 • 27 • 29 • 33 • • 37 • • 39 • • 43 • 45 • • 47 • 49 • •

ADVERTISERS The Editor: Global action on tailings Newmont Goldcorp: Creating the world’s largest gold miner Barrick and Newmont sign Nevada joint venture agreement RNC Minerals to purchase Westgold’s Higginsville operations NRW awarded Koodaideri contract Newmont completes Tanami Power Project Image Resources targets reserve upgrade Rio Tinto to strengthen tailings management Thiess wins services contract at Botswana diamond mine Drilling confirms gold zones at Barry Clough awarded EPC contract for South Flank projects Kirkland Lake Gold aiming to be million ounce producer Kootenay Silver reports successful sampling at Columba silver project Sojitz completes acquisition of Gregory Crinum Mine Yamana Gold, Glencore and Goldcorp to integrate Agua Rica and Alumbrera UEC Burke Hollow uranium project receives radioactive material licence Sandvik acquires electric vehicle maker

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2 Austin 8 PT Growth/Growth Steel 12 THEJO 14 Summit ESP 18 CAB Products 20 JRC Brasil 22 Structural Steel & Plate Fabrication / adapt IT 24 Elphinstone 25 Sai Deepa Rock Drills 26 Cenerg Global Tools 28 Rapid International 30 ADRIA 31 Duff Norton / Phoenix Conveyor Belt Systems 32 Ritmo 34 WeatherSolve Structures 35 Irwin Car and Equipment 36 Pumps 2000 38 Flowrox 40 Altra Industrial Motion 41 Dynapower 42 Independent Rebuild Specialist 44 Magna Tyres 46 Megatraction Equipment Inc 48 Canary Systems 50 MoisTech Corp 56 Permascand 58 Babcock 62 Matec Group 78 AME Intl 81 BASF 102 Mining Finland 104 Epiroc / Tenaris / Padley & Venables 106 World Mining Directory 109 Shaw Development 110 Rockwell Automation 111 Hilliard Brake Systems 112 Resemin Asia


news & features Page 27

51 • • 52 • 68 • 74 • 84 • 100 •

glencore Page 52

Newcrest to acquire potential tier 1 orebody in Canada Syrah declares commercial production at Balama Glencore: A global commodity portfolio Babcock: Volvo’s largest hauler proves its mettle on South African soil Rio Tinto: Intelligent mining Freightplus: A team effort Mining in Finland: The world of Finnish mining

World Mining Magazine Contacts, Advertising Rates & Information News & Features Editor: Martin Ashcroft martin@ogsmag.com Editor Vanessa Ward editor@ogsmag.com Sales sales@ogsmag.com General email contact info@ogsmag.com Design and Artwork artwork@ogsmag.com Managing Director Simon Ward

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Double Page £6000.00 Full Page £4895.00 Half Page £2450.00 Quarter Page £1450.00 Full Page (inside cover) £6000.00 Lead Article + Front Cover £19,995.00 All advertisement rates include design free of charge. The magazine is printed in A4 format on 250gsm gloss laminated cover and 170gsm matt internal pages. The magazine is both a printed hard copy magazine and distributed electronically. Currently our global readership is approximately 93,000.

World Mining Magazine 2019 World Mining Magazine is published by Worldwide Business Media Limited, London, EC1V 2NX United Kingdom. Registered No. 6809417 England/ Wales. VAT No. 972 7492 76. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or any part without written permission is strictly prohibited. Liability: while every care has been taken in the preperation of this magazine, the publishers cannot be held responsible for the accuracy of the information herein, or any consequence arising from it. All paper used in this production comes from well managed sources.

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newmont goldcorp creating the world’s largest gold miner Newmont Mining Corporation has agreed to buy Goldcorp in a $10 billion deal that would see the combined entity become the world’s largest gold producer. Newmont will acquire each Goldcorp share for 0.3280 of a Newmont share, plus 2 cents a share in cash, a premium of around 17 per cent on the companies’ 20-day volume weighted average share prices. The new company will be called Newmont Goldcorp. On completion, Newmont and Goldcorp shareholders will own approximately 65 per cent and 35 per cent of the combined entity, respectively. To begin with, Newmont Goldcorp will be led by Newmont CEO Gary Goldberg, with Tom Palmer as president and chief operating officer. Goldberg is expected to retire later this year, however, with Palmer becoming president and CEO.

World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

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newmont goldcorp

G

creating the world’s largest gold miner

ary Goldberg, CEO of Newmont, commented, “This combination will create the world’s leading gold business with the best assets, people, prospects and value-creation opportunities. We have a proven strategy and disciplined implementation plan to realize the full value of the combination, including an exceptional pool of talented mining professionals, stable and profitable gold production of six to seven million ounces over a decades-long time horizon, the sector’s largest gold reserve and resource base, and a leading project and exploration pipeline. Our cultures are well aligned, with strong commitments to zero harm, inclusion and diversity, and industry-leading environmental, social and governance performance.” “We expect to generate up to $100 million in annual pre-tax synergies, with additional cost and efficiency opportunities that will be pursued through our proven Full Potential continuous improvement program. The combination is expected to be immediately accretive to Newmont’s net asset value and cash flow per share. We constantly review opportunities to raise our performance, and this combination represents the most promising path to deliver superior and sustainable value for our shareholders, employees, host countries and communities.” David Garofalo, President and CEO of Goldcorp added, “This combination creates the world’s premier gold company. In addition to the depth and quality of Newmont Goldcorp’s operations, projects, exploration properties and reserves, the combined company’s assets will be centred in the world’s most favourable and prospective mining jurisdictions and gold districts. The strategic rationale for combining Goldcorp with Newmont is powerfully compelling on many levels, and both teams are fully committed to delivering on the transaction’s value proposition for all of our stakeholders. Newmont Goldcorp will be one of Canada’s largest gold producers and will have its North America regional office in Vancouver and expects to oversee more than three million ounces of the combined company’s total annual gold production.” By looking at the range and size of each business’s portfolio, it soon becomes clear the impact this merger will have on their operations and potential.

Goldcorp

Goldcorp currently operates four mines in Canada, one in Argentina and one in Mexico, and has two joint venture mines.

Canada

Goldcorp’s newest Canadian gold mine, Éléonore, is in Eeyou Istchee/James Bay, in a remote corner of the Northern Quebec region, 800 kilometres north of Montreal. Its first gold pour was on October 1, 2014, and it achieved commercial production on April 1, 2015. Gold comes from the Roberto Deposit, which is marked by complex folding and faulting and is World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

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still open down plunge. The ore is mined from four horizons using sill and stope techniques, then processed onsite using a conventional circuit that includes crushing, grinding, gravity, flotation and cyanidation. Overall gold recoveries are 92%. The operation has begun to develop a fifth mining horizon and build a production shaft, both of which will bring Éléonore closer to its full production capacity. A fly-in, fly-out operation located approximately 500 kilometres north of Thunder Bay, Canada, Musselwhite’s ore is mined from two main zones below Lake Opapimiskan. Ore is processed onsite using a circuit that includes crushing, grinding, leaching by cyanidation, carbon in pulp recovery and electrowinning. Gold recoveries are 96%. In 2016, work began on a $90-million materials handling project to improve the movement of ore to the mill. An underground shaft in the heart of the orebody will hoist ore up from the underground crushers, which will cut down on haulage distances, reduce ventilation costs and increase production by 20%. Located in and around the city of Timmins, the Porcupine district has

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produced more than 67 million ounces since 1910. Currently, approximately 60% of the gold comes from the Hoyle Pond underground mine, where mechanized cut and fill and longhole mining methods are used to extract the ore, and the remaining ore comes from the Hollinger Open Pit mine. The Dome Underground mine ceased operations in 2017. Ore is processed at the Dome processing facility using a circuit that includes crushing, grinding, gravity concentration, cyanide leaching, carbon in pulp recovery, stripping, electrowinning and refining. Goldcorp is reinvigorating the Porcupine district through investment and rehabilitation. Located approximately 160 kilometres west of the Porcupine mine in Chapleau, Ontario, Borden has the potential to enhance the long-term economics of Porcupine, where its ore will be processed. Borden is set to be Canada’s first all-electric underground gold mine, which will be safer for employees and have a smaller environmental footprint. The Red Lake district is located 180 kilometres north of Dryden about 100 kilometres from the Manitoba border in

northwestern Ontario. It spans 42,000 hectares and has produced over 29 million ounces of gold since 1949. Red Lake Gold Mines includes the Red Lake and Campbell underground mining and processing complexes, and Cochenour, a potential new source of ore. Ore from Red Lake Gold Mines is hoisted up either the Balmer or Campbell shafts, then processed at the Campbell mill using a conventional crushing and grinding circuit combined with a gravity concentration for free-milling gold or carbon-in-pulp for refractory gold. Gold recoveries average 94%. Part of the Red Lake district, Cochenour is a potential new source of ore located five kilometres away. The mine sits on the old Cochenour-Willans mine site, which was acquired in 1997, and includes the Bruce Channel gold discovery immediately south of the mine. The site is connected to Red Lake by a five-kilometre haulage drift, and ore will be processed at the Red Lake Campbell Complex. Building on the positive pre-feasibility study, the development focus shifted from drill platforms to lateral development in 2018. The new mine plan is expected to contribute 5,000 to 10,000 ounces


newmont goldcorp creating the world’s largest gold miner

“This combination will create the world’s leading gold business with the best assets, people, prospects and value-creation opportunities.”

in 2018 and approximately 30,000 to 50,000 ounces annually to the overall production to the Red Lake district once in production, expected during 2019.

Argentina

Goldcorp’s most remote mine site, Cerro Negro sits 600 metres above sea level on the low Patagonian plains in southern Argentina. It’s a six hour drive southwest from Comodoro Rivadavia, itself more than two hours flight south of Buenos Aires. Cerro Negro’s first gold pour was on July 25, 2014, and it achieved commercial production on January 1, 2015. The extensive complex includes five high grade underground mines (Eureka, Mariana Central, Mariana Norte, San Marcos, Bajo Negro), one open pit mine (Vein Zone) and one cyanide leach processing

facility that yields gold recoveries of 96%. Ore is mined from Eureka and Mariana Central. Development is ramping up at Mariana Norte and Emilia. Cerro Negro consists of lowsulphidation, epithermal gold-silver deposits on a large, underexplored 250-square-kilometre land package. It’s located near the north-western margin of the 60,000-square-kilometre Deseado Massif, a rigid crustal block bounded by Rio Deseado, Rio Chico, the Atlantic coast and the Andes Mountains. Cerro Negro’s exploration program is ramping up with the aim of increasing reserves to outpace depletion. The current strategy is to outline the economic potential of at least three new veins for infill drilling. At the Silica Cap target, gold and silver mineralization has been confirmed in several veins over strike lengths varying between 800m World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

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newmont goldcorp creating the world’s largest gold miner

and more than 1,300m and to vertical depths of 350m.

Dominican Republic

Pueblo Viejo, located 100 kilometres northwest of Santa Domingo, produces gold, silver and copper. One of the largest gold assets in the world, it began commercial production in 2013. Pueblo Viejo is operated by Barrick Gold Corporation, which owns 60%, and it includes two open pits, a processing plant and a tailings storage facility. Ore is removed from the open pit using a conventional truck and shovel method, then crushed, ground, and processed in the carbon-in-leach circuit in the mill.

Mexico

Peñasquito, located about 780 kilometres northwest of Mexico City, produces gold, silver, lead and zinc. There’s an airport on site, and a 1,900bed camp with full dining, laundry and

recreational facilities. The operation has an open pit mine, Peñasco, and two processing facilities. Ore is extracted using standard shovel mining techniques. Peñasquito is a breccia pipe deposit that developed from intrusionrelated hydrothermal activity. Two diatreme pipes, Peñasco and Brecha Azul, are the principal hosts for the gold-silver-zinc-lead mineralization. Drilling to date has focused on exploring and delineating the Peñasco and Chile Colorado zones.

Newmont

Currently, Newmont’s operating assets include the Boddington and Tanami mines in Australia; Ahafo and Akyem operations in Ghana; and in the United States, the Cripple Creek & Victor mine in Colorado and four operating complexes (Carlin, Long Canyon, Phoenix and Twin Creeks) in Nevada. Operations where Newmont owns World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

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“Newmont Goldcorp will be one of Canada’s largest gold producers and will have its North America regional office in Vancouver and expects to oversee more than three million ounces of the combined company’s total annual gold production”

  World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

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newmont goldcorp creating the world’s largest gold miner

World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

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newmont goldcorp creating the world’s largest gold miner

50 percent or more and/or is the manager or operator include KCGM in Australia (50 per cent); Yanacocha in Peru (51.35 per cent) and Merian in Suriname (75 per cent). Newmont’s optimized project pipeline consists of promising growth opportunities in each of its four operating regions.

Africa

Newmont’s presence in Ghana includes the Ahafo mine in the Brong Ahafo region and the Akyem operation in the Eastern region near New Abirem. Newmont’s Ahafo mine is located along the Sefwi Volcanic Belt, a northeastsouthwest trending volcanic belt in western Ghana. Ahafo is approximately 307 kilometres northwest from the national capital city of Accra. Commercial production at Ahafo began in 2006. Ahafo has two primary ore zones: Ahafo South and Ahafo North. Mining is currently underway at Ahafo South. Newmont’s Akyem operation is located

in Ghana in the Birim North District of the Eastern Region, approximately 111 miles northwest of the capital city of Accra. Newmont obtained the mining lease for Akyem in 2010 and began commercial production in 2013.

Australia

Newmont began operating in Australia in 2002 with the acquisition of Normandy Mining. Its presence in the region is comprised of three operations in Australia – Boddington, Tanami and Kalgoorlie. Currently, Newmont is progressing expansion of its Tanami mine in the Northern Territory of Australia and in March it announced that the Tanami Power Project was completed safely and on schedule. The project included the installation of two power stations, a 66kV interconnected power line, and a 275 mile (450km) natural gas pipeline. The pipeline was built and will be maintained by Australian Gas Infrastructure Group, while the power World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

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newmont goldcorp creating the world’s largest gold miner

stations were constructed and will be operated by Zenith Energy. Capital costs are estimated at approximately $245 million with annual cash lease payments over a 10-year term beginning in 2019. The successfully completed project is expected to provide the Tanami gold mine a safe and reliable energy source while lowering power costs and carbon emission by 20 per cent. The project is expected to generate net cash savings of $34 per ounce from 2019 to 2023, delivering an internal rate of return of greater than 50 per cent. Newmont’s Boddington mine is located within the Saddleback greenstone belt in Western Australia. A large gold and copper mine, Boddington is located 16 km from the rural farming town of Boddington and 120 km from Western Australia’s capital city, Perth. Boddington was a three-way joint venture between Newmont, AngloGold Ashanti and Newcrest. In 2009, Newmont purchased AngloGold Ashanti’s shares to become the sole owner of Boddington. Commercial

production began in 2009, and in March 2011 the operation produced its first one million ounces of gold. The Kalgoorlie mine, commonly referred to as “the Super Pit,” has produced more than 50 million ounces of gold in 30 years. The mine is managed by Kalgoorlie Consolidated Gold Mines (KCGM) on behalf of Newmont and its joint venture partner Barrick Gold Australia. KCGM brings together 100 years of mining history in the middle of The Golden Mile, once reputed to be the richest square mile on earth. When fully developed, the Super Pit will be 3.6 kilometres long, 1.6 kilometres wide and up to 650 metres deep. In 2012, KCGM was Australia’s second largest gold producer.

N America

Newmont’s North America region has operations in Nevada and Colorado. It owns or controls approximately 2.6 million acres in Nevada and 41,000 acres in Colorado. Of these totals, about 125,000 acres of private and public land in Nevada and 6,000 acres in Colorado

are reserved for mining use. Portions of that acreage have already been reclaimed, are undergoing reclamation or remain undisturbed. Newmont’s North America operations account for around 40 per cent of the company’s worldwide gold production. In Nevada, Newmont has been pouring gold for over 50 years along a 100-mile corridor in the northern part of the state. Its Nevada properties operate as an integrated unit and, together, they boast the widest variety of processing methods of any gold mining complex in the world. This allows Newmont to maximize economic recovery of gold from a wide range of ore types and grades. In addition to gold, its operations produce silver and copper. Operations include 11 surface mines, eight underground mines and 13 processing facilities. Newmont’s Cripple Creek & Victor Mine (CC&V) is located in Teller County, Colorado, southwest of Pikes Peak. CC&V was formed as an operating company for mining operations in 1976, with mining in its Cresson Project starting in 1995. World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

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newmont goldcorp creating the world’s largest gold miner CC&V’s modern, high-tech operations allow for responsible surface mining of various ore types. The majority of the ore is processed in a zero-discharge, valley-type, leach pad to recover gold and silver. In 2015 CC&V commissioned a rod, ball, and flotation mill which processes CC&V’s higher grade, nonoxidized ore. While mining is its core business, Newmont’s presence in Nevada extends beyond exploring for and producing gold, silver and copper. Elko Land and Livestock Company (ELLCo), a subsidiary of Newmont USA Limited, owns and operates several ranches. The TS, Horseshoe, Big Springs and IL Ranches are integral parts of its Nevada operations. The ranches are managed for conservation of biological diversity and are ecologically, economically and sociologically sustainable rangeland livestock enterprises.

S America

Newmont’s South America operations are centred in the Yanacocha mining complex in Peru. Options to extend mine life at Yanacocha include promising sulphide and oxide deposits. Yanacocha is South America’s largest gold mine, located in the province and department of Cajamarca, approximately 800 kilometres northeast of Lima, Peru. Yanacocha’s operations are situated between 3,500 and 4,100 meters above sea level with development activities in four primary basins. The operation is a joint venture between Newmont (51.35%), Minas Buenaventura (43.65%) and the International Finance Corporation (5%). The Merian gold mine is located approximately 60 km south of Moengo, Suriname. Newmont Suriname (previously known as Suriname Gold Company) is a fully-owned subsidiary of Newmont that is operated on behalf of Suriname Gold Project CV, a Suriname limited partnership. Construction of Merian commenced in August 2014, and commercial production was achieved on October 1, 2016, on schedule and US$150 million under budget. What happens when one of the biggest joins forces with one of the oldest? Certainly, the combining of two such major businesses will make for a colossus of the mining world.

World Mining Magazine

World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

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news

Barrick and Newmont sign Nevada joint venture agreement

P

utting aside recent acrimonious exchanges, Barrick Gold and Newmont Mining have agreed to create a joint venture combining their respective mining operations, assets, reserves and personnel in the US state of Nevada. Following the completion of the joint venture, the Nevada complex will be the world’s single-largest gold producer. The two companies have operated independently in Nevada for decades, but have previously been unable to agree terms for cooperation. The joint venture, in which Barrick will own 61.5 per cent and Newmont 38.5 per cent, will allow them to capture an estimated $500 million in average annual pre-tax synergies in the first five full years of the combination, and a potential $5 billion over a 20-year period. Barrick President and chief executive officer Mark Bristow said the agreement marked the successful culmination of a deal that had been more than 20 years in the making. “We listened to our shareholders and agreed with them that this was the best

way to realize the enormous potential of the Nevada goldfields’ unequalled mineral endowment, and to maximize the returns from our operations there. We are finally taking down the fences to operate Nevada as a single entity in order to deliver full value to both sets

“This agreement represents an innovative and effective way to generate long-term value from our joint assets in Nevada” of shareholders, as well as to all our stakeholders in the state, by securing the long-term future of gold mining in Nevada.” Gary Goldberg, chief executive officer of Newmont, said the logic of combining the two companies’ operations was

compelling. “This agreement represents an innovative and effective way to generate long-term value from our joint assets in Nevada, and represents an important step forward in expanding value creation for our shareholders. Through the joint venture, we will also continue to pursue the highest standards in safety, along with responsible and meaningful engagement with our employees, communities, and other stakeholders.” Barrick has withdrawn its proposal to acquire Newmont, and its proposals for the Newmont annual general meeting submitted on 22 February. In a separate announcement, Goldcorp, itself the subject of a $10 billion acquisition proposal by Newmont, said it fully supports the Nevada joint venture and that its board of directors continues to recommend that Goldcorp shareholders vote FOR the proposed plan of arrangement with Newmont. Goldcorp also welcomes the announcement that Barrick has agreed to withdraw its proposal to acquire Newmont. World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

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news

RNC Minerals to purchase Westgold’s Higginsville operations

W

estgold Resources has agreed to sell its Higginsville mill and mining operations in Western Australia to RNC Minerals. RNC owns the Beta Hunt gold mine in Western Australia where a significant high grade gold discovery – ‘Father’s Day Vein’ - was recently made. The acquisition of the Higginsville operations and its modern 1.3 Mtpa gold mill would provide a lower cost milling alternative for Beta Hunt and add an expected 40-45 koz of gold production in 2019. RNC expects to be able to save over C$15 per tonne in processing costs (a 35% reduction). RNC successfully tolled Beta Hunt material through the HGO mill in 2018, achieving 94% Au recovery. RNC will make a non-refundable option payment of A$4 million, payable immediately in RNC shares, for an exclusive 40-day period to complete due diligence. Closing would occur 30 days later if the purchase option is exercised, at which time RNC would pay a further A$21 million in shares and A$25 million in cash for total consideration of A$50 million. “The combination of the Higginsville Mill with the production potential of our Beta Hunt mine provides significant synergies,” said Mark Selby, President

“The option structure allows RNC to assess a full range of financing options”

and CEO of RNC. “The transaction would transform RNC’s gold operation in Western Australia to a multi-mine operation anchored by the 1.3 Mtpa HGO Mill, the exciting high grade and substantial resource potential at Beta Hunt, and a large land position in the Kalgoorlie gold region. The option structure allows RNC to assess a full range of financing options and ultimately choose the most accretive solution for shareholders.” The transaction would also allow Westgold to increase its focus on its three gold operations in the Murchison region of Western Australia.

NRW awarded Koodaideri earthworks contract N

RW Holdings has landed a $65 million contract to deliver bulk earthworks and drainage at Rio Tinto’s Koodaideri iron ore development in the Pilbara, Western Australia. Work on the contract will start in April this year and is expected to run for 11 months. Rio Tinto approved a US$2.6 billion investment in the Koodaideri iron ore mine in November last year.

In December, Perth-based Pindan was selected to build a 780-room construction camp as part of a A$45 million contract award. Referred to as ‘the intelligent mine’, Koodaideri has been designed to use an increased level of automation and digitisation, to deliver a safer and more productive mine. Production is expected to start in late 2021. World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

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news

Newmont completes Tanami Power Project in Australia “The completed Tanami Power Project will pave the way to further extend the life of the operation”

N

ewmont Mining Corporation has completed its Tanami Power Project in the Northern Territory of Australia safely and on schedule. The project included the installation of two power stations, a 66kV interconnected power line, and a 275 mile natural gas pipeline. The pipeline was built and will be maintained by Australian Gas Infrastructure Group, while the power stations were constructed and will be operated by Zenith Energy. Capital costs are

estimated at approximately $245 million with annual cash lease payments over a 10-year term beginning in 2019. The successfully completed project is expected to provide the Tanami gold mine a safe and reliable energy source while lowering power costs and carbon emissions by 20 per cent. “In addition to lowering costs and carbon emissions, the completed Tanami Power Project will pave the way to further extend the life of the operation,” said CEO Gary Goldberg. Completion of the project coincides

with Tanami pouring its 10 millionth ounce of gold on the back of record production of 500,000 ounces last year. Tanami is Australia’s second largest underground gold mine and one of the most cost competitive gold producers in the world. Exploration success could potentially extend mine life beyond 2028, and a full funding decision is also expected in the second half of 2019 on a possible second expansion project. Last year, more than 800,000 ounces of gold resources were converted into reserves from Tanami’s Auron ore body.

Image Resources targets reserve upgrade at Boonanarring

I

n response to higher realised heavy mineral ore grades and associated heavy mineral concentrate production in the first three months of production, Image Resources is embarking on a drilling and study programme to upgrade the mineral resource and ore reserve estimates at its 100%-owned, high-grade, zircon-rich Boonanarring mineral sands project, 50 miles north of Perth in Western Australia. The programme will include a ground magnetic survey and a close-spaced drilling campaign designed to delineate the high-grade HM and zircon-rich content of the core and to determine the

“Results from Boonanarring continue to impress”

continuity of the core along strike. “Results from Boonanarring continue to impress with the level of HMC production for February again significantly higher than budget,” said managing director Patrick Mutz. “The additional production during the first three months of production could create an opportunity for the sale of HMC outside of the current off-take agreements. Also, while the actual heavy mineral ore grade has been substantially higher than expected and will require additional drilling and study work to update the ore reserve, this is clearly a good problem to have.” World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

  33


Answers on the wind!

#7

What is the ideal windfence porosity? Start

Is the fence a temporary reqirement?

The most important part of any windfence is the fabric. It needs to be durable, reliable, and it needs to work! The fabric effectiveness is tied to it’s aerodynamic porosity – that is the porosity that the wind “sees”. All WeatherSolve fabrics are laboratory tested for aerodynamic porosity as their rating is different than, for example, a simple shade measurement of porosity. On this page you can see the thought process through to see how your fabric is chosen. For large fences this process is supplemented with Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analysis for the very best design optimization.

6

Yes

1

Choose the more porous fabrics such as 70% and 80% aerodynamic porosity. This gives a modest reduction in wind speed over a greater distance, but still reduces loads on the protected zone by about half. The loads on the structure are also minimized which reduces the structural cost.

2

Choose mid-range porosity fabric such as 30% to 50% aerodynamic porosity. These fabrics are in the sweet spot for effectiveness as they allow enough air to pass to minimize downwind turbulence, but still give excellent shelter and excellent dust control.

3

A fabric of 40% aerodynamic porosity will reduce loading of the upper part of the fence.

4

On the lower part of a fence a lower 24% aerodynamic porosity is appropriate. There is more dust to trap and the load will be lower.

5

The ideal cladding fabric for these situations is usually the 24% porosity. It is porous enough to allow the enclosure to breathe, but still trap nearly all dust inside it.

6

A temporary fence is for situations where the reason for the fence will be short lived such as a construction site or a portable fence where the location may change frequently. These fences still need to be designed to meet agreed wind loads.

7

When installing a purpose built structure it is important to consider the loads generated from fabric choice and location.

24% No

What is the primary purpose?

47%

Primarily for storm damage?

Wind Protection

Dust Control

Downwind wide area?

Is the fabric for the upper or lower part of the fence?

Where is the fence in relation to the dust?

Close to it and possibly surrounding it

Yes

No

1

2

Upwind wide area?

2 Is the supporting structure designed for cladding?

Upper

Lower

Yes

No

3

4

5

7

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Rio Tinto to strengthen tailings management after vale accident

R

“The entire industry has a responsibility to do better and Rio Tinto is committed to play its part in any industry response”

io Tinto has disclosed detailed information on each of its global tailings facilities and has published both the company’s group procedure and its standard for ‘Management of tailings and water storage facilities’, which it now intends to review. Rio Tinto has 100 tailings facilities across 32 sites, and has a further 36 tailings facilities that are closed or under rehabilitation. Of the first 100, 21 are upstream construction facilities. “I would like to acknowledge the recent tragedy at Minas Gerais in Brazil, and our thoughts are with all those impacted by this truly awful event,” said Rio Tinto chief executive J-S Jacques. “The entire industry has a responsibility to do better and Rio Tinto is committed to play its part in any industry response, including an independent expert review. “In August 2015, Rio Tinto introduced a global standard for ‘Management of tailings and water storage facilities’ in order to ensure all our managed facilities are operated in accordance with one global standard and any risks are actively managed. This standard sets out a structured three stage approach, underpinned by Rio Tinto’s safety management system, and an external audit programme. “In light of this tragic event, Rio Tinto is again reviewing its global standard and, in particular, assessing how we can further strengthen the existing external audit of facilities. We fully support the need for greater transparency which is why today we disclosed detailed information on our tailing facilities and how they are actively managed. We will add to this over time.”

Thiess wins services contract at Botswana diamond mine

T

hiess has secured a A$1.7 billion contract at the Jwaneng Mine Cut 9 project in Botswana. The contract has been awarded to Majwe Mining Joint Venture, a JV in which Thiess owns 70 per cent and long-term local partner Bothakga Burrow Botswana owns 30 per cent. Majwe will provide full scope mining services over nine years, including drill and on-bench services, mine planning, equipment

maintenance, load and haul, and mining operations. The Jwaneng project is owned by Debswana

Diamond Company, itself a joint venture between the Government of Botswana and De Beers. The new

contract follows Majwe’s successful completion of the Cut 8 project at the diamond mine in November 2018. “This new contract strengthens Thiess’ presence in Botswana and builds on our operational and technical teams’ solid performance at Jwaneng since 2011,” said Michael Wright, CEO of the CIMIC Group, which owns Thiess. The site is considered the world’s richest diamond mine.

World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

  37


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news

Underground drilling confirms multiple gold zones at Barry

“This new drilling data on the Barry deposit will be included in the upcoming propertywide resource estimate”

B

onterra Resources has announced the results of its recently completed underground drilling campaign at the Barry project in Quebec, with new high-grade gold mineralization intersections in various zones. One of the holes intersected 157.6 g/t Au over 1.3 metres. The diamond drilling campaign, undertaken on the Barry Deposit during Q4 2018 and Q1 2019, consisted of 25 sub-horizontal drill holes totalling 7,548 metres. Most of the drill holes intersected gold mineralization where current models had anticipated. “We are extremely pleased with our recent underground drilling campaign

at Barry which has proven to be a large success, attesting to the robust continuity and grade of the deposit,” said interim CEO Greg Gibson. “This new drilling data on the Barry deposit will be included in the upcoming property-wide resource estimate.” The definition drilling campaign validates the location and grade of the gold-bearing zones at Barry and will allow for the planning of a proposed bulk sample in the upcoming months. The company also intends to increase the size of the Barry deposit by drilltesting multiple mineralized shears and tensional veins that remain open at depth along strike and down-dip.

Clough awarded EPC contract for South Flank project

B

HP has chosen Clough to construct an ore handling plant at its South Flank iron ore project in the Pilbara, Western Australia. The South Flank deposit is located approximately 80 miles by road northwest of the town of Newman, and approximately 5 miles to the south of the company’s existing Mining Area C operation. The South Flank project will fully replace production from the 80Mtpa (100 per cent basis) Yandi mine which is reaching the end of its economic life. “We are pleased to continue to grow our relationship with BHP on the South

“The delivery of this project will create 300 new roles” Flank project, and indeed, within the mining sector in WA,” said Clough managing director and CEO, Peter Bennett. “The delivery of this project will create 300 new roles and will be self-performed by Clough’s Western

Australia based team, with the scope including structural, mechanical, piping, electrical and instrumentation for the ore handling plant structures, including the interconnecting conveyors and transfer stations.” World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

  39


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news

Kirkland Lake Gold aiming to be million ounce producer

K

irkland Lake Gold, a mid-tier gold producer operating in Canada and Australia, has revised upwards its consolidated three-year production guidance and improved its unit-cost

Kirkland Lake Gold produced 723,477 ounces in 2018 and is targeting production of 920,000 – 1,000,000 ounces this year, 930,000 – 1,010,000 ounces in 2020 and 995,000 – 1,055,000 ounces in 2021.

“The 24% increase in consolidated mineral reserves is a testament to the effectiveness of the infill drilling programs at Fosterville and Macassa” guidance for 2019. The company has also announced mineral reserve and mineral resource estimates for 31 December 2018 which include growth in mineral reserve ounces and average grades at both Fosterville and Macassa. The Macassa Mine is located in Northern Ontario and the Fosterville Mine is in the state of Victoria, Australia.

The planned restart of operations at the Holloway mine in Canada is expected to contribute an additional 20,000 ounces of production in 2019, 30,000 ounces in 2020 and 50,000 ounces in 2021. A number of other components of the company’s full-year 2019 guidance have been revised as a result of the increase in

target production. Operating cash costs per ounces sold in 2019 are now targeted at $300 – $320 compared to $360 - $380 previously. “The 24% increase in consolidated mineral reserves is a testament to the effectiveness of the infill drilling programs at Fosterville and Macassa,” said Tony Makuch, president and chief executive officer. “At Fosterville, there is considerable potential for further mineral reserve growth at a number of areas, where early exploration results demonstrate the potential for attractive economic orebodies. “Turning to Macassa, we converted close to half a million ounces of mineral resources to mineral reserves in 2018 and have a number of high-potential areas that we are targeting for future growth in mineral reserves and mineral resources.”

World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

  43


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news

Kootenay Silver reports successful sampling at Columba silver project “Kootenay is currently in the process of obtaining permits to carry out the first modern drill program at Columba”

K

ootenay Silver, an exploration company engaged in the discovery and development of mineral projects in the Sierra Madre region of Mexico and in British Columbia, Canada, has announced results from an ongoing mapping and surface program conducted at the Columba Silver Project in Chihuahua State, Mexico. During the most recent round of sampling, 14 of 49 samples, ranging in lengths of 0.50 and 2.0 metres, returned

silver values between 30 gpt to 187 gpt and 21 samples returned silver grades greater than 10 gpt. To date, sampling on surface veins by the company has returned widths of 0.5 to 6 metres and carried grades of up to 692 gpt silver. Kootenay is currently in the process of obtaining permits to carry out the first modern drill program at Columba which is scheduled to commence in the first half of Q2, 2019. Surface geological mapping and sampling will continue to prioritize drill targets for the program.

Columba is a past producing highgrade silver mine, which operated on a small scale circa 1910 and again briefly circa 1958-60. The property covers a large, potentially high-grade silver epithermal system comprised of numerous veins, which the company has mapped over strike lengths from 200 meters to up to 2 kilometers. Underground workings found on the concessions include 4 shafts and 6 levels of drifts that have been reported to measure over 1,000 metres in length.

Sojitz completes acquisition of Gregory Crinum Mine

J

apan’s Sojitz Corporation has officially completed the acquisition of the Gregory Crinum coking coal mine, first announced on 30 May 2018. The mine was previously owned jointly by subsidiaries of BHP and Mitsubishi Corporation. Sojitz said the A$100 million acquisition would rebalance its existing coal assets, which were biased towards thermal coal, in light of mounting environmental concerns and the longterm sustainability of the business. This

acquisition is part of that initiative, along with the agreement to sell its stake in the BAU thermal coal mine in Indonesia, announced on 11 March. Although Gregory Crinum mine has

been in care and maintenance since January 2016, it has coking coal reserves at the mine. Sojitz intends to restart operations in the first half of 2019, with the first shipment of coal in the second half of the year. The company will also continue with the progressive rehabilitation of the mine (returning the site to a suitable post mining landform) as per the statutory requirement. The appropriate funding for the rehabilitation of the mine will be provided by BHP and Mitsubishi. World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

  45


SAFER, FASTER, EASIER


news

Yamana Gold, Glencore and Goldcorp to integrate Agua Rica and Alumbrera

Y

amana Gold, Glencore and Goldcorp have signed an integration agreement whereby the Agua Rica project would be developed and operated using the existing infrastructure and

mineral resource with associated gold, silver, and molybdenum while the Alumbrera infrastructure is of significant scale and configuration that is ideally suited for the integration plan.

“Agua Rica hosts a large scale, long life copper mineral resource with associated gold, silver and molybdenum” facilities of the Alumbrera mine in the Catamarca Province of Argentina. Given the proximity of the assets, the parties believe the integration has the potential to realize significant synergies by taking full advantage of existing infrastructure at the Alumbrera mine for the development and operation of Agua Rica. Agua Rica hosts a large scale, long life copper

Preliminary studies show the potential for a mine life in excess of 25 years at average annual production of approximately 236,000 tonnes of copperequivalent metal, including the contributions of gold, molybdenum, and silver, for the first 10 years of operation. This is based on the Agua Rica mineral reserve estimated to contain proven and probable mineral reserves of approximately 4.5

million tonnes of copper and 6.5 million ounces of gold contained in approximately 910 million tonnes of ore. The parties have established a technical committee to direct the review and evaluation of the integrated project. It is expected that a pre-feasibility study for the integrated project will be completed in 2019 and that a full feasibility study with updated mineral reserve, production and project cost estimates will be completed by 2020. This will provide the framework for the submission of a new environmental impact assessment to the authorities of the Catamarca Province and for the continued engagement with local stakeholders and communities. When the integration is finalised, Yamana will own 56.25%, Glencore 25% and Goldcorp 18.75%.

World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

  47


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news

UEC Burke Hollow uranium project receives radioactive material licence

U

ranium Energy Corp has announced that the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality has issued the radioactive material licence for the Burke Hollow Project, completing the last of the four major permits needed for uranium extraction. The project will be developed as part of the company’s hub-and-spoke strategy, designed for low-cost in-situ recovery (ISR) of uranium with final processing to occur at its

States,” said President & CEO Amir Adnani. “We are in an optimal position to provide

“We are in an optimal position to provide the US a reliable and low-cost source of domestic uranium” nearby and fully permitted Hobson Plant. “The drilling and permitting advancements at Burke Hollow have positioned UEC to create the newest, near-term, production ready ISR project in the United

the US a reliable and low-cost source of domestic uranium. The company’s 2019 drilling campaign is scheduled to begin in early March and will consist of approximately 20 delineation holes and the installation of approximately

120 monitor wells to prepare for development of the project’s first production area.” The license boundary includes 5,385 acres, encompasses multiple production areas and authorizes construction of the satellite facility. In addition to the radioactive material licence, the Burke Hollow Project now has an 11,000 acre mine area permit, approved in December 2016, two disposal well permits, issued in July 2015, and the aquifer exemption, issued in March 2017.

Sandvik acquires battery electric vehicle manufacturer

S

andvik has acquired privately owned Artisan Vehicle Systems, a manufacturer of battery powered underground mining equipment, based in Camarillo, California. Artisan’s core technology is battery packs, electric motors, power electronics, software and control systems. The company is the

market leader with the most battery electric vehicles currently operating in underground mining. Sandvik opened a battery electrification innovation and development centre in Turku, Finland, last year. Lars Engström, president of Sandvik Mining and Rock Technology, said the acquisition was in line with

the company’s ambition to be leading in the market for battery electric vehicles. Artisan will be a business unit in the load and haul division within Sandvik Mining and Rock Technology. “The area in which Artisan is located is a frontrunner in electric vehicle development,” said Mats Eriksson, president of

the load and haul division. “Our new R&D foothold there will complement the skillset we have in Finland. The combination of knowhow and skills creates a very strong platform.”

World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

  49


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news

Newcrest to acquire potential tier 1 orebody in Canada

“We will be applying our considerable experience in exploration, open pit mining, caving and processing to maximise the value of Red Chris”

A

ustralian miner Newcrest Mining is entering the North American market with the acquisition of a majority interest in a high-quality orebody in British Columbia, Canada. Newcrest will pay US$806.5 million to Imperial Metals Corporation for a 70% joint-venture interest in, and operatorship of, the Red Chris Mine and surrounding tenements. Red Chris is a copper-gold porphyry with an operating open-pit mine and mineral resources of 20 million ounces of gold and 13 billion pounds of copper. Newcrest believes it will be able to unlock significant value from the deposit by applying its unique technical expertise in block caving, operations optimisation and selective processing. The company also sees promising exploration opportunities on the

acquired prospective land package. Newcrest managing director and CEO, Sandeep Biswas, said that the geology of Red Chris is similar to the company’s Cadia orebodies in Australia, and that Newcrest had “identified a clear pathway to potentially turn this orebody into a Tier 1 operation. “We will be applying our considerable experience in exploration, open pit mining, caving and processing to maximise the value of Red Chris and the opportunities in the surrounding region,” he continued. “We look at this opportunity in the same way as we do with Cadia, where we have proven we can create significant value from deep underground porphyry orebodies.” Red Chris commenced construction in 2012 and was completed in November 2014. Commercial production began in July 2015.

Syrah declares commercial production at Balama A

fter a review of monthly operating metrics, the board of Syrah Resources has announced the commencement of commercial production at the Balama graphite operation in Mozambique, with effect from 1 January 2019. An average graphite recovery of 70% was achieved in Q4 2018, compared with 53% in the previous quarter. “The declaration of commercial production represents a key milestone for Syrah, reflecting the significantly

improved production consistency and strong recovery improvements,” said Shaun Verner, managing director and

CEO. “We continue to implement further operational improvements in ongoing ramp up, to bring recoveries in line with our medium and longer term targets.” Syrah Resources is an Australian-based company based in Melbourne. The Balama Project is in the Cabo Delgado province of northern Mozambique, some 200km west of the port town of Pemba. Syrah is licensed to mine graphite and vanadium at the site until 2038. World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

  51


glencore

a global commodity portfolio Glencore believes that not all commodities are equal, but that it has the right ones. Once described by Reuters as ‘the biggest company you never heard of ’, Glencore is today one of the world’s largest producers of a range commodities in demand throughout the world, including coal, copper, nickel and cobalt

  World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

52


World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

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“In 2018, Glencore became Australia’s largest coal miner after it acquired 49 per cent of Rio Tinto’s Hunter Valley Operations for about US$1.14 billion”

  World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

54


glencore

G

a global commodity portfolio

lencore soon became a household name after a so-called ‘merger of equals’ in 2013 with global mining giant, Xstrata. The Group’s operations now comprise over 150 mining and metallurgical sites, oil production assets and agricultural facilities.

Australian coal

Glencore is one of the world’s largest producers and exporters of coal, producing almost 130 million tonnes in 2018. Used in power generation, steel making and industrial processes, coal will remain an essential source of energy for the foreseeable future, and as such, will continue to be an important part of Glencore’s global commodity portfolio. The company operates coal mines in Australia, South Africa and Colombia. In Australia, its activities are concentrated in two major coal regions, the Hunter Valley in New South Wales and the Bowen Basin in Queensland. The company’s interest in coal began with the acquisition in 1998 of the Cumnock and Mount Owen coal mines in Australia. The Cumnock mine is now part of Glencore’s Ravensworth Operations in New South Wales. In 2018, Glencore became Australia’s largest coal miner after it acquired 49 per cent of Rio Tinto’s Hunter Valley Operations for about US$1.14 billion ($1.59 billion). It then also bought Rio Tinto’s interests in Queensland. These deals have helped put Glencore in a dominant position in the Asia Pacific market for high-quality thermal coal. Its NSW Hunter assets also include mines at Bulga, Liddell, Mangoola, Integra, Mount Owen and Ravensworth, while Glencore’s Queensland interests include Collinsville Open Cut, Newlands Coal, Hail Creek, Oaky Creek and Rolleston Open Cut.

Queensland

Collinsville Open Cut, located in the northern part of the Bowen Basin, is Queensland’s oldest coal mine, having operated as an underground or open cut mine for almost 100 years, producing a variety of coking and steaming coal products for both overseas and domestic markets. Collinsville mine is part of the NCA Project, a mining, processing and exporting partnership that also includes the Newlands coal operation and the Abbot Point Bulk Coal terminal. It used to operate as a joint venture between Glencore Coal Queensland World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

  55


(55%), Itochu Coal Resources (35%) and Sumitomo (10%), but Glencore bought out its joint venture partners in Collinsville in September 2016, along with the Newlands coal operation. The Newlands Underground operations reached the end of their scheduled mine lives in June 2016, although open cut mining continues. Glencore also owns a 55% share in Oaky Creek Coal in central Queensland, which has two underground operations and a coal preparation plant. Open cut operations ceased in December 2006. The underground operations are modern, state-of-the art longwall operations with associated development works. Coal is exported through eastern seaports in Mackay and Gladstone to Japan, Asia, Europe, North Africa and South America. In 2018, as Rio Tinto sought to divest itself of its entire Australian coal portfolio, Glencore picked up its 82% interest in the Hail Creek coal mine and adjacent coal resources in Queensland, as well as its 71.2% interest in the Valeria coal resource in central Queensland for a total of US$1.7 billion. Hail Creek is a large-scale, long-life and low-cost mine producing two-

  World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

56

thirds premium quality hard coking coal and one-third thermal coal for export. Located 75 miles southwest of Mackay, in 2017 Hail Creek produced over 9 million tonnes of coal for export from the Dalrymple Bay Coal Terminal. Valeria is a large undeveloped coal project in the central Bowen Basin,

about 40km northwest of Emerald. It contains 762Mt of coal mineral resources, and is expected to produce high-energy, low-ash thermal and coking coal, once developed. Both Hail Creek in Queensland and HVO in New South Wales were successfully integrated into the Glencore


glencore a global commodity portfolio

“In 2018, Glencore picked up Rio Tinto’s 82% interest in the Hail Creek coal mine and adjacent coal resources in Queensland, as well as its 71.2% interest in the Valeria coal resource in central Queensland for a total of US$1.7 billion.”

portfolio during 2018, revealing $185 million of cost savings/margin improvements available to be realised when the restructure plans are complete. Glencore’s Rolleston Open Cut coal mine is located in the southern part of Queensland’s Bowen Basin. Due to its low ash content, the thermal coal extracted at Rolleston Open Cut does not require washing. All coal passes through the coal handling facility for crushing and sizing prior to loading onto trains for export via Gladstone, or into the domestic market.

New South Wales

Glencore is the largest coal producer in New South Wales, employing around 4,800 people in eight mining complexes across three coalfields: Hunter Valley, Western Districts and Southern Districts. Thermal coal, semi-soft and World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

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coking coal are all produced from 10 mines in the Hunter Valley, Australia’s premier coal-producing district, and exported from the Port of Newcastle. Glencore’s Hunter Valley operations include Ravensworth open cut mine, located alongside a coal handling and preparation plant. The mine is a joint venture between Itochu 10% and Glencore 90%. The CHPP assets are owned by the JV but operated by Glencore. The Mt Owen Complex consists of the Mt Owen, Ravensworth East and Glendell open cut coal mines, owned and managed by Mt Owen Pty Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of Glencore. The integration of these adjacent Glencore owned operations enables all sites to utilise existing infrastructure and coal handling facilities at Mt Owen Mine. Glencore is currently progressing plans to extend the life of the Mount Owen Mine by an additional 6 years and provide an additional 35 million tonnes of run-of-mine coal. Glendell commenced mining activities in 2008 and currently has approval to mine up to 4.5 Mtpa of ROM coal through to June 2024. Glencore is progressing the environmental assessment for an extension to the Glendell open cut mining operation with the submission of the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) planned for mid-2019. The project involves an extension of the open cut mine to the north and the extraction of approximately 135 Mt of ROM coal with mining continuing until 2044. Fifteen kilometres south west of Singleton is the Bulga Complex, which includes Bulga open cut, Bulga underground operations and the coal handling and preparation plant. Bulga open cut and Bulga underground are managed by Glencore, which is also the majority shareholder, via a somewhat complex ownership structure. Mining finished at Bulga Underground in May 2018. The Ulan Mine Complex is one of the most established coal mining operations in the western coalfields of New South Wales. Until recently Ulan was a joint venture between Glencore (90%) and Mitsubishi Development (10%), but Glencore bought Mitsubishi’s share towards the end of 2018. Mining operations consist of two underground mines and an open cut (not operating since the end 2014). In 2015 Glencore secured approval to expand the underground mine to extract another

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13 million tonnes of coal and extend the mine’s operational life by another two years, until 2033. Mangoola open cut is in the Upper Hunter Valley, 20 kilometres west of Muswellbrook and approximately 10 kilometres north of the township of Denman. A relatively new mine, the 100% Glencore owned Mangoola open cut commenced production in November 2010, and won the Australian Mine of the Year award in 2013 in recognition of its water, noise, air and dust management and its community engagement. Also in the Hunter Valley, Integra Underground resumed production in 2017 after being placed on care and maintenance by then owner Vale, at the completion of longwall 12 in mid 2014. Glencore acquired the assets in December 2015 via wholly owned subsidiary HV Coking Coal. Integra

Underground is currently mining a longwall seam which is planned to be completed around July 2019. Glencore is undertaking an exploration program from March to October 2019 to obtain information on another seam for possible future underground mining.

South American coal

In Colombia in South America, Glencore owns a third share (along with BHP and Anglo American) in Cerrejón, one of the world’s largest and lowest-cost open-cut thermal coal operations. Located in the southeast of the department of La Guajira, close to the border with Venezuela, the mine produces over 32 million tonnes of thermal coal a year and has estimated reserves of over five billion tonnes. Unique in Colombia, the mine has an integrated railway line and shipping terminal, which gives increased


glencore a global commodity portfolio transport and logistics, as well as port facilities. The zinc operations at Mount Isa include the George Fisher underground mine, zinc-lead concentrator, zinc-lead filter plant and lead smelter. Glencore also owns the high-grade Lady Loretta underground mine near Mount Isa, where production was temporarily suspended in 2015 when the price of zinc collapsed. In December 2017, after the price had recovered, Glencore appointed Redpath Australia to run the mine on a contract basis for its remaining six year lifespan. Redpath recommissioned the mine quickly, and was meeting Glencore’s production and development targets by July 2018. Monthly production grew to 100,000 t, with a full production capacity targeting 133,000 t/mth. Another zinc operation, McArthur River Mine in Australia’s Northern Territory is around 970 kilometres south-east of Darwin. Established as an underground operation in 1995, MRM converted to open pit mining in 2006. MRM produces zinc and lead in concentrates which are transported by road from the mine site to Glencore’s Bing Bong loading facility on the Gulf of Carpentaria. Current mine life extends to 2036.

Nickel, cobalt and copper efficiency and lower environmental impact. As well as exporting coal, the port and railway are used to transport supplies to the mine. Also in Colombia, Glencore subsidiary Prodeco owns the La Jagua and Calenturitas mines, the port of Puerto Nuevo, and a 39.76% stake in the Fenoco railway. Calenturitas and La Jagua are both open-pit mines in Cesar province in the north of the country.

South Africa

Glencore has been mining in South Africa since 1988 and has a strong presence in both the coal and ferroalloy sectors. The company operates four coal complexes and produces thermal coal for export and domestic power generation. These include the Goedgevonden Complex, a joint venture with ARM Coal in which Glencore owns 74%, the iMpunzi Complex, a large

export thermal coal mining operation located 110km east of Johannesburg, Izimbiwa Coal, owner of five mines near Middelburg and Kendal and the Tweefontein Complex, a thermal coal complex near Johannesburg.

Zinc and lead

Glencore mines and processes zinc and lead ores in Australia, South America, Kazakhstan and Canada. It also smelts and refines zinc and lead at processing operations in Australia, Canada, Spain, Italy, Germany, the UK and Kazakhstan. Over half of Glencore’s total zinc and lead reserves and resources are located in Australia, where Mount Isa Mines and McArthur River Mine host the world’s No.1 and No.2 zinc resource bases. The North Queensland zinc operations include an integrated supply chain comprising mining, processing,

Glencore’s nickel business produces some of the world’s purest nickel, ferronickel and cobalt. Around twothirds of all nickel is used in the production of stainless steel. The remainder is used for applications including super-alloys, batteries and electroplating. Glencore is one of Australia’s largest nickel and cobalt producers, and with more than 30 years of nickel reserves, it has one of the longest life of mine reserves. Murrin Murrin is a worldclass hydrometallurgical nickel project located between Leonora and Laverton in the northeastern Goldfields region of Western Australia. Operated by Minara Resources, wholly owned by Glencore, Murrin Murrin uses high pressure acid leach technology to recover nickel and cobalt from laterite ore. Processed nickel and cobalt is transported via rail to Kwinana, south of Perth, for export to customers worldwide. Glencore is one of the world’s largest World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

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“Katanga, in the Democratic Republic of Congo, has the potential to become Africa’s largest copper producer and the world’s largest cobalt producer”

producers and marketers of copper. With mines and processing operations in Africa, Australia and South America, in 2018 the company produced 1.45 million tonnes of copper ore, and sold 4.5 million tonnes through its marketing business. Glencore is also one of the world’s largest producers of cobalt, a major by-product of copper production, primarily from the Democratic Republic of Congo. The Katanga complex in the DRC (in which Glencore holds a majority share) includes the Kamoto underground mine, KOV open pit mine, the Kamoto concentrator and Luilu metallurgical plant for the onsite production of refined copper and cobalt, as well as a number of other mines and processing plants. Katanga has the potential to become

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Africa’s largest copper producer and the world’s largest cobalt producer. In recent years, a whole ore leach (WOL) processing project has been undertaken. Phase 1 of the project was commissioned in December 2017, with 2,200 tonnes of copper cathode produced by the end of the month. The final components of Phase 2 of the project, being the remaining countercurrent decantation circuit and the electro-winning tankhouse, were commissioned in Q4 2018. In the final quarter of 2018, copper cathode production increased to 49,770 tonnes from 39,296 tonnes in Q3 2018. Annual copper cathode production for 2018 increased to 152,358 tonnes in 2018 from 2,196 tonnes in 2017 (but as production resumed only in the final month of 2017, the annual comparison is not particularly helpful).

Cobalt contained in hydroxide produced increased to 4,646 tonnes in Q4 2018 from 3,512 tonnes in Q3 2018. Annual production reached 11,112 tonnes in 2018 from zero the year before, reflecting the ongoing ramp-up of production and the commissioning and re-commissioning of related assets. Some might say that Glencore did well to produce anything in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 2018, with three significant governance issues on the agenda, one of which, Katanga’s dispute with its DRC government-owned partner Gécamines, led to a $5.6 billion recapitalization of the operating vehicle (KCC) and settlement costs for Katanga totalling $248 million. Another centre of investment for Glencore is Zambia, where the company is majority owner of the Mopani Copper Mine. Mopani is also an


glencore a global commodity portfolio

integrated copper and cobalt producer with operations consisting of four underground mines, a concentrator and a cobalt plant in the town of Kitwe and an underground mine, concentrator, smelter and refinery in the town of Mufulira. The company also has four SXEW plants (solvent extraction and electrowinning), two at Mufulira and two at Nkana. Some time ago, Glencore had planned an expansion into iron ore production in Mauritania, with the setting up of El Aouj Mining Company, a JV between subsidiary Sphere Minerals and Société Nationale Industrielle et Minière (SNIM). In 2014, Glencore paid $1 billion to SNIM for access to its rail and port infrastructure, proposing branch lines to new mines at Askaf and El Aouj. In 2015, however, the company ceased

development of the Askaf project. A feasibility study for stage 1 of the development of the El Aouj East deposit was completed at the end of 2015 but no announcements have been made about further development.

South American copper

As well as Australia and Africa, Glencore has copper assets in North and South America. The Collahuasi mine in Chile produces copper concentrate and cathodes. One of the world’s largest copper operations, Collahuasi’s deposits are located on the plateau of northern Chile’s Atacama Desert, 4,400 metres above sea level. Glencore and Anglo American each own 44%, with a Japanese consortium owning the remaining 12 per cent. In Peru, Glencore owns a 33.75% interest in the Antamina open pit

copper and zinc mine, 4,300 metres above sea level. Antamina’s concentrator is considered to be one of the world’s largest polymetallic processing plants, treating ores containing copper, zinc, molybdenum, silver and lead. Glencore’s Antapaccay copper operation is located in Espinar Province in southern Peru. Acquired in 2013 through the merger with Xstrata, the operation includes an open pit copper mine and processing facilities in addition to port loading and facilities at Matarani. Altonorte is a custom copper smelting operation located near the port of Antofagasta in northern Chile. The Glencore operation has the capacity to process 1.6 million tonnes of copper concentrate from third parties per year. Also in Chile is Punitaqui, a copper mine and concentrator acquired by Glencore as a brownfield development in early 2010. In Argentina, Glencore’s mining interests include the copper–gold mine at Alumbrera and the zinc–lead operation at Aguilar, in the far north of the country. Glencore has a 50% controlling stake in Alumbrera, an open pit copper/gold mine in the Catamarca Province of northwest Argentina. Goldcorp holds a 37.5% share, with Yamana Gold holding the remaining 12.5 per cent. This mine is now coming to the end of its life, but in March this year the three joint owners signed an integration agreement under which Yamana Gold’s Agua Rica project will be developed and operated using the existing infrastructure and facilities of the Alumbrera mine. Given the proximity of the assets, the parties believe the integration has the potential to realize significant synergies. Agua Rica hosts a large scale, long life copper mineral resource with associated gold, silver and molybdenum while the Alumbrera infrastructure is of significant scale and configuration to be ideally suited for the integration plan. Preliminary studies show the potential for a mine life in excess of 25 years at average annual production of approximately 236,000 tonnes of copper-equivalent metal, including the contributions of gold, molybdenum and silver, for the first 10 years of operation. When the integration is finalised, World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

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“In March this year Glencore, Goldcorp and Yamana Gold signed an integration agreement under which Yamana Gold’s Agua Rica project will be developed and operated using the existing infrastructure and facilities of the Alumbrera mine”

Yamana will own 56.25%, Glencore 25% and Goldcorp 18.75%.

North America

Turning back to nickel, in Canada, Glencore’s Sudbury Integrated Nickel Operations (Sudbury INO) include Exploration, two underground mines (Nickel Rim South and Fraser), Strathcona Mill and the Sudbury Smelter. The company has been mining nickel-copper ores in the Sudbury area of northern Ontario since 1928. The

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facilities are spread throughout the 60 kilometre-long, oval-shaped geological formation known as the Sudbury basin. Nickel and copper are the primary metals but cobalt and precious metals, such as gold, silver, platinum and palladium are also produced. The Strathcona concentrator receives ore from the two Sudbury mines as well as third-party custom feed ores and produces two concentrate streams – a nickel-copper concentrate that goes to the Sudbury Smelter for smelting and a copper concentrate that goes

to Glencore Copper for smelting and refining. The mill producces up to 2.75 million tonnes of ore per year. Also in Canada, in the far north of Quebec, is the Raglan mine property, which has four underground mines and associated infrastructure, with highgrade ore deposits of nickel and copper spanning the nearly 70km property. The ore extracted from Raglan Mine is crushed, ground and processed on-site to produce a nickel-copper concentrate, which is then sent to the Sudbury Smelter for further processing. The


glencore a global commodity portfolio

concentrator treats approximately 1.3 million tonnes of ore yearly, resulting in more than 30,000 tonnes of nickel-inconcentrate annually. Raglan Mine’s current operations, which began in 1997, are expected to gradually cease as from 2020, but the Sivumut Project is being developed to extend the life of the mine for an additional 20 plus years. In Norway Glencore owns and operates Nikkelverk, a low-cost, nickel refinery and sulphuric acid plant in Kristiansand, which it acquired when it

merged with Xstrata in 2013. Nickel has been produced here for over 100 years. The plant ranks among the lowest-cost nickel refineries in the western world and produces high purity nickel in the form of cathode and crown products. Glencore also has an interest in Koniambo Nickel, a ferronickel mine and processing plant in New Caledonia. The operation is a JV partnership between Glencore (49%) and Societe Minière du Sud Pacifique SMSP (51%). It includes a pyrometallurgical nickel smelter, power

station and 11km overland conveyor, seawater desalination plant and other infrastructure. In February this year Glencore announced that it was limiting its future coal capacity to current levels ‘to meet the growing needs of a lower carbon economy’. With a portfolio that includes copper, cobalt, nickel, vanadium and zinc - commodities that underpin energy and mobility transformation, Glencore is planning to prioritise its capital investment to grow production of these commodities. World Mining Magazine

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Volvo’s largest hauler proves its mettle on South African soil

With increasing demand for machines that offer improved levels of uptime, performance and productivity, Volvo Construction Equipment unveiled the brand-new 95t (100-ton) R100E rigid hauler in 2018, set to be a heavy hitter in the mining and quarrying sectors. David Vaughan, Managing Director of Babcock’s Equipment business – the exclusive southern African dealer for Volvo Construction Equipment – says that the 100-ton rigid hauler market is substantial as trucks in this class are the workhorses of large open-pit mines, not only in Africa, but all over the world.

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“Built to perform, the R100E is powered by the premium Cummins 783 kW (1075 hp) engine. The combined drivetrain delivers high torque capabilities, unparalleled pulling performance and class-leading rim pull for optimum traction”   World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

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babcock volvo’s largest hauler proves its mettle on south african soil

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uilt from nearly a century of engineering excellence at Volvo CE’s Motherwell facility, no other machine can compare to the R100E. Easily the largest hauler in the company’s line up, the new R100E rigid hauler from Volvo Construction Equipment promises to drive down operating costs for customers by optimising productivity, uptime and operator comfort, and is already proving its performance on local soil. A demo model has been put through its paces at various mining sites in Middelburg for over 200 hours since January this year, 90 hours of which were at one of Glencore’s major open pit coal mining operations. The machine has demonstrated that it has the capacity for more loads, confirming that the newest star in the Volvo fleet will allow owners to meet production targets faster. “Customers can expect to spend less per haul with the R100E as it has the ideal balance of power, gearing and weight distribution to move more tonnes per hour, quickly, and cost effectively,” says Vaughan. Built to perform, the R100E is powered by the premium Cummins 783 kW (1075 hp) engine. The combined drivetrain delivers high torque capabilities, unparalleled pulling performance and class-leading rim pull for optimum traction. Drivetrain control and machine movement are supplied by the new Volvo Dynamic Shift Control, which automatically tailors the transmission shift-points depending on the worksite and operational inputs. The R100E features a 60.4m3 capacity V-shaped body for optimum load retention and minimal material carryback. The industry-recognised load profile policy enables the operator to meet a consistent average target payload of 95 tonnes, while the speedy bodytipping system ensures fast cycle times for an all-round efficient performance. A stand-out feature highlighted during the demo at the Glencore site was the On-Board Weighing (OBW) option – an integrated system that ensures the machine moves the maximum safe payload to further optimise production and minimise operational costs. It does this by using exterior-mounted pressure sensors to monitor and relay machine

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statistics to the operator’s on-board display. Not only can machine information be viewed in real-time via the on-board display, it can be remotely accessed via Volvo’s CareTrack® telematics system to help owners and fleet managers improve planning. The On-Board Weighing system also communicates with the transmission and allows the machine to pull away in second gear whenever possible, resulting in less fuel burn. The R100E is designed to achieve optimum performance and productivity through high levels of operator comfort, starting with the ROPS/FOPS-certified operator cab. Offering reduced vibrations and exterior noise – confirmed during the demo – the cab is fitted onto viscous-type isolation mounts for greater ride quality. In addition to the large glass area and a low rake windscreen, good visibility is complemented by a 360° surround view system provided by Volvo Smart View. The system uses multiple ultra-wide angle exterior-mounted cameras to produce a bird’seye-view of the vehicle and surrounding work area via the on-board display. As with all Volvo machines, the rigid hauler is built with safety in mind and safety features into every aspect of the high-performance machine. For the protection of both the operator and site staff, all machine systems, such as the emergency shutdown switches, are easily accessible. The transmission retarder and neutral coast inhibitor secure safe machine control in downhill conditions, while the engine overspeed protection automatically slows the machine down to safe operating limits. Vaughan is confident that the R100E will provide a cost-effective and productive solution to fulfil the needs of today’s mining and quarrying customers. “There is huge interest in the R100E from the South African mining industry and we have already confirmed our first sales of the machines,” says Vaughan. Glencore, one of the world’s major producers and marketers of coal, is no stranger to Volvo CE’s range of industry-leading haulers, with a number of Volvo articulated haulers currently operating at various of its South African coal sites. In March this year, the company will be taking delivery of five new A40Gs. The A40G articulated hauler, which offers a payload of 39 tonnes, is the best articulated hauler in its class, and remains the best-selling Volvo CE machine in the southern African region. Designed for heavy hauling in severe off-road operation, the A40G is ideal for local mining conditions. Babcock offers full aftermarket support services and facilities for Volvo Construction Equipment and is one of the most established and experienced equipment suppliers in southern Africa, with an extensive footprint in the region and a proven track record of delivering to the highest standards.

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babcock volvo’s largest hauler proves its mettle on south african soil

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rio tinto intelligent mining Rio Tinto’s 145-year history has seen the company develop assets across the globe and in ever expanding areas of mining. Right across the business, from mine to market, Rio Tinto looks to add value, not just cut costs, by harnessing productivity initiatives

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“This new technology can play an important role in helping to address the climate change challenge by delivering carbon free aluminium smelting”

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intelligent mining

recent joint venture announcement illustrates two of the above productivity criteria, as Rio Tinto has joined forces with Canada’s Alcoa to develop a revolutionary aluminium process that produces oxygen and eliminates all greenhouse gas emissions from the traditional smelting process. The technology, which represents the culmination of years of research and development, has been hailed as the most significant innovation in the aluminium industry in more than a century. To advance the development and commercialization of the new process, Alcoa and Rio Tinto have formed a joint venture, Elysis, to pursue a C$558 million two-phased project. The name derives from the process at the centre of aluminium smelting, the electrolysis of alumina. “This new technology can play an important role in helping to address the climate change challenge by delivering carbon free aluminium smelting,” says Alf Barrios, chief executive of Rio Tinto’s Aluminium business. “We are proud to be part of this pioneering project that could create significant value and allow customers to meet the growing consumer demand for responsible products.” The technology – which can be used in both new and existing aluminium smelters – will also reduce operating costs at aluminium smelters, while increasing production capacity. The Government of Canada, Government of Quebec and Apple are investing to support the innovation. Apple is providing an investment of $13 million (CAD). It helped facilitate the collaboration between Rio Tinto and Alcoa on the carbon-free smelting process, and Apple has agreed to provide technical support to the JV partners. Rio Tinto started its Mine of the Future programme in 2008. Automated trucks entered the vocabulary long before driverless cars. But automation requires data, and Rio Tinto, along with every other major miner, faces a monumental task in managing this data to optimise its benefits. “Each of our haul trucks is fitted with 45 sensors and generates about five terabytes of data every day,” said Bold Baatar, chief executive of Rio Tinto’s Energy & Minerals Division at the Natural Resources Forum in London. “That is 4,500 terabytes across the Rio Tinto fleet of 900. Each processing plant has another 20,000 to 30,000 sensors. Our World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

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rio tinto intelligent mining

trains, loaders and ships many more.” Properly exploiting and integrating this volume of Big Data has a huge impact on productivity and can provide a significant competitive advantage. “Productivity is about sweating our assets,” he continued, “bringing them to peak performance. We can only do this if we understand where our performance is best in class so we can replicate it. We have put together a team of experts who have begun to work across the Group to focus on data intelligence and analytics, integrating it into our operational processes. There is a lot of work ahead, but the early returns are promising.” Bataar was referring to the Analytics Excellence Centre in Pune, India, launched in 2015, where data scientists use predictive mathematics, machine learning and advanced modelling to identify problems before they occur, thus reducing maintenance costs and production losses from unplanned breakdowns.

Iron ore

In the Pilbara region of Western Australia, Rio Tinto operates the world’s largest integrated portfolio of iron

ore assets. Already the world’s largest autonomous truck operator and a leader in automated mining technologies, the Pilbara iron ore business is expanding to epic proportions. Rio Tinto has approved an investment of $30.9 million to complete the project feasibility study for the development of its Koodaideri iron ore deposit in Western Australia. The study, which is included in the group’s disclosed capital guidance, will examine the Koodaideri option as Rio Tinto’s next potential major mining development in the Pilbara, and is intended to replace existing production. Rio Tinto Iron Ore chief executive Chris Salisbury said, “We are pleased to be investing a further $30.9 million in Western Australia, which will be spent with local businesses and suppliers as well as firms outside the state. “The Koodaideri development will require an expected 1600 construction jobs and a further 600 operational staff if approved. “We remain firmly focused on our value over volume strategy and maximising returns through enhanced productivity. We are examining the Koodaideri project as an option to help

us maintain our low cost competitive position and assist in maintaining the Pilbara Blend product quality.” The feasibility study will focus on obtaining necessary consent and permits, increasing our understanding of the orebody and technical elements, and providing the data necessary to validate the project. The final decision on the progression of the Koodaideri iron ore development will be made following the completion of the feasibility study and subsequent review by the Rio Tinto investment committee and board. Also in the Pilbara, Rio Tinto is now operating its Silvergrass iron ore mine, the 16th mine in Rio Tinto’s iron ore operations in the region. Silvergrass will produce low-phosphorous ore crucial to maintaining its premium Pilbara Blend product. “Silvergrass is a great example of our value-over-volume approach in action, as the mine will deliver the high-quality, low-cost ore used to maintain the worldclass premium Pilbara Blend product our customers love so much,” said Rio Tinto chief executive J-S Jacques, at the opening ceremony. “Silvergrass is a further demonstration of our longWorld Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

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Rio Tinto chief executive J-S Jacques said “Amrun was completed early and under budget, demonstrating Rio Tinto’s productivity and innovation capabilities. By applying fresh thinking we also delivered safety, environmental, cost and timing benefits. “Amrun will provide jobs, support businesses and contribute to growth in the region for the next 50 years, building on $A2.2 billion of contracts with local, State and national businesses [during construction].” In an industry first, Amrun’s 1kmlong export facility was built in modules off-site and then brought to Amrun and connected. This reduced over-water construction and painting in the culturally significant and environmentally sensitive region and reduced construction time by a year. It also increased safety by removing the need for 300,000 work hours that would have been spent at height and over water. Rio Tinto Growth & Innovation group executive Steve McIntosh said “Gamechanging innovations and collaborations such as these are vital for advancing the future of the mining and metals industry globally in a safe, cost-effective and replicable manner.”

rio tinto intelligent mining

standing commitment to the Pilbara region in Western Australia where we’ve invested more than US$20 billion over the past decade.” Automated drilling has increased productivity by increasing the number of hours the machine operates as well as the numbers of metres the drill achieves per hour. The drills are monitored remotely in Rio Tinto’s operations centre in Perth, more than 1,500 kilometres away, and to date have operated injury free. Rio Tinto has seven autonomous drills at the West Angelas mine in the Pilbara, and four additional drills, retrofitted with autonomous drilling system (ADS) technology, were recently deployed at its Yandicoogina mine. Rio plans to deploy a further nine drills by the end of this year, bringing the total fleet to twenty.

Aluminium

Rio Tinto is also a global leader in the aluminium industry. Its business includes high-quality bauxite mines, large-scale alumina refineries, and as we have already seen, some of the world’s lowest-cost, most technologicallyadvanced aluminium smelters. Rio Tinto’s world class Yarwun alumina

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refinery is situated just northwest of Gladstone in central Queensland. Bauxite is transported from the company’s mining operations in Weipa on Western Cape York to be processed into alumina at the Yarwun refinery, where recent expansions have more than doubled production to 3.4 million tonnes per year, making Rio Tinto Aluminium one of the world’s leading alumina producers. Yarwun’s alumina is shipped to customers in Australia and overseas, including the Middle East. Rio Tinto (originally as Comalco) has mined and shipped bauxite from Weipa since 1963, but the original reserves are gradually being depleted and with continued demand for bauxite, the business has identified significant reserves south of the Embley River. Rio Tinto has completed commissioning of the $1.9 billion Amrun bauxite mine on the Cape York Peninsula in Queensland, Australia. The mine and associated processing and port facilities will replace production from Rio Tinto’s depleting East Weipa mine and increase annual bauxite export capacity by around 10 million tonnes, at a time when higher-grade bauxite is becoming scarcer globally.

Diamonds

Before we leave Australia, it’s worth mentioning that Rio Tinto owns and operates the Argyle diamond mine in the remote East Kimberley region of Western Australia. It is the world’s largest supplier of natural coloured diamonds and the world’s only supplier of rare pink diamonds. When Argyle was first established, it became apparent that purposedesigned processing machinery would be needed to recover and sort the high volume of characteristically small stones produced by the mine. This included the development of sophisticated X-ray sorting technology to assist in the efficient identification and collection of the small diamonds. Today, the Argyle processing plant is one of the most efficient in the world. It is capable of processing up to 11 million tonnes of ore per annum operating 24 hours a day, 365 days of the year, although the mine is scheduled to close in 2020. Rio Tinto also owns a 60 per cent interest in, and operates, the Diavik Diamond Mine in Canada’s remote Northwest Territories, 220km south of the Arctic Circle. The design,


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construction and operation of the Diavik mine is an epic saga of success on a grand scale in the most forbidding of places. Diavik commenced production in 2003 and has an annual production of some 6-7 million carats of predominantly large, white gem-quality diamonds. It is expected to continue to produce high quality gems to 2023 and potentially beyond. In the same country Rio Tinto Exploration Canada has an option to earn up to a 60% interest in Star Diamond Corporation’s Star-Orion South Diamond Project in the Fort à la Corne diamond district of central Saskatchewan. In May last year it was announced that RTEC had arranged for the manufacture and supply of a 30 tonne per hour bulk sample plant to

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process the kimberlite recovered by the next phase of bulk sample drilling on the project. The technical report for the preliminary economic assessment has also been filed. The PEA estimates that 66 million carats of diamonds could be recovered in a surface mine over a 38year project life.

Copper

Although Rio Tinto may list most of its assets in Australia and Canada, its copper interests are focused elsewhere, particularly in Mongolia. One of the most exciting mining developments for years, Oyu Tolgoi contains reserves and resources that make it one of the world’s largest known copper and gold deposits. The project is

expected to be a significant contributor to Mongolia’s economic development. Situated in the southern Gobi desert, approximately 550 kilometres south of the capital Ulaanbaatar, and 80 kilometres north of the Mongolia-China border, Oyu Tolgoi is jointly owned by the Government of Mongolia (34 per cent) and Turquoise Hill Resources (66 per cent, of which Rio Tinto owns 51 per cent). Since 2010, Rio Tinto has also been the manager of the Oyu Tolgoi project. Until now, all of Oyu Tolgoi’s concentrate has been produced using open pit mining. However, the majority of its value, up to 80 per cent, lies deep underground. In May 2015, Oyu Tolgoi’s shareholders agreed upon a plan to progress the next stage of underground


rio tinto intelligent mining

development, using block-caving mining techniques to extract the ore and transport it to the surface to the concentrator. Block-caving, while technically challenging, is one of the safest and most cost-effective methods of mining ore from deep below the ground. Fourteen kilometres of lateral tunnels have already been constructed at Oyu Tolgoi, and over time, up to 200 kilometres of tunnels, at depths of up to 1,300 metres, will be built to allow safe mining of the deepest parts of Oyu Tolgoi’s ore body. The 2017 Annual Report revealed that construction of the underground development was proceeding at pace and first copper production is due in 2020, although discussions are currently ongoing with the government of

Mongolia to resolve a number of issues, including taxes and the construction of a new power plant to supply the mine. In the United States, Rio Tinto Kennecott is a fully integrated mining operation located just outside Salt Lake City, Utah. Kennecott is a wholly owned subsidiary of Rio Tinto. For more than 110 years, Kennecott has been mining and processing minerals from the rich orebody of the Bingham Canyon Mine. In 1989, Rio Tinto acquired the Bingham Canyon Mine and other facilities in the Salt Lake Valley. Kennecott produces copper, molybdenum, gold, silver and sulphuric acid to be shipped around the world. In Arizona, the Resolution Copper Project is a proposed world-class copper mine that is said to have the potential to supply 25 per cent of the current US annual demand for copper for 40 years. Resolution Copper is located near the town of Superior, 65 miles east of Phoenix, Arizona, in an area known as the ‘Copper Triangle’ with abundant historic mining activity. Some of the region’s mines have now closed, as their orebodies had become uneconomic, but the Resolution Copper project offers an opportunity to reinvigorate the area’s economy with an industry the state and its people know well. Resolution Copper Mining (RCM) is a limited liability company owned 55 per cent by Resolution Copper Company, a Rio Tinto PLC subsidiary, and 45 per cent by BHP Copper. In South America, Rio Tinto has a 30 per cent interest in Escondida, in Chile, which is managed by BHP Billiton. The Minera Escondida copper mine in Chile’s Atacama Desert is the world’s largest copper-producing mine. In 2012 it accounted for five per cent of global copper production and around 15 per cent of Chilean copper production. Escondida produces copper concentrate, through a flotation process of sulphide ore, and copper cathodes, using a leaching process of oxide and sulphide ore. Rio Tinto also has an interest in Grasberg, in the province of Papua in Indonesia, one of the world’s largest copper and gold mines in terms of ore reserves and production. The Indonesian government has taken a tough line on foreign owned mining

assets, however, and Rio Tinto is poised (at the time of writing) to sell its stake to Indonesian state-owned company Inalum.

Lithium

The lightest metal on Earth, lithium is in great demand as it is used in a vast array of products, most notably batteries for hybrid and electric cars. Rio Tinto Borates’ Jadar project in Serbia is a significant, world-class lithium-borate resource. Rio Tinto discovered Jadar in 2004. It is a unique deposit near the town of Loznica, in Western Serbia, some 160 kilometres from its capital Belgrade. The deposit contains Jadarite, a new mineral unique to Serbia, which has not been found anywhere else in the world. Jadar has been ranked as one of the largest lithium deposits in the world. If developed, it is said to have the potential to supply more than 10% of global demand for lithium. Since the start of the project in 2004 Rio Tinto has drilled more than 180 km of core samples. During the drilling campaign, which started in November 2017, it has drilled 30.9 km of jadarite ore up to now. Rio Tinto has recently elevated Jadar to become its most likely growth project, revealing that if it gets approvals and the economics support it, it will start construction in 2020 and reach first production in 2023. Rio Tinto has signed a memorandum of understanding with the Government of Serbia relating to the implementation of the Jadar Project. The MOU will enable the formation of joint working groups between the government and the company to progress the Jadar Project through the study and permitting phases. Under current plans, Jadar will be an underground mine, with the opportunity for future expansion if demand warrants it. The Silvergrass iron ore mine continues to ramp up, Amrun is on schedule for first bauxite shipment in the first half of 2019 and construction of the first drawbell at Oyu Tolgoi Underground is expected in mid-2020. Since 2012, the company has reduced its costs by US$8.3 billion and last year it committed to a five-year, $5 billion productivity agenda. Intelligent mining World Mining is the way to go! Magazine

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freightplus a team effort John Gleeson, CEO of Freightplus, tells Martin Ashcroft about the special skills, meticulous planning and teamwork involved in moving heavy mining equipment around the world

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I

f you are a mining contractor needing to move a dozen Caterpillar dump trucks from say, North America to Australia, the brown marmorated stink bug may not be the first concern that crosses your mind. It was on John Gleeson’s mind the other day, however, because the New Zealand port of Auckland had just turned away a ship after eight of the bugs were found on board.

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To protect their domestic agriculture industries, island nations in the region like Australia, New Zealand and New Caledonia are intent on keeping potential pests out of the country, and the brown marmorated stink bug is enemy number one at the moment. “Right now it’s probably the most significant biosecurity risk in this part of the world,” says Gleeson. “Entire vessels are now being refused entry into port in Australia or New Zealand. It’s a growing problem.” Gleeson and his business partner Steve Townsend started Freightplus as a two-man freight forwarding operation on 1 January 2000 in Sydney, Australia. The company has since opened further offices in Brisbane (now its headquarters) and Fremantle (Western Australia), Kobe (Japan), Atlanta and Savannah in the US state of Georgia,

“The brown marmorated stink bug is probably the most significant biosecurity risk in this part of the world”


freightplus a team effort Vancouver, Canada and Laem Chabang in Thailand. Gleeson is CEO and Townsend runs the North American businesses in Canada and the US. The business involves a combination of regular shipments and projects, Gleeson explains. “We regularly ship single or multiple pieces between consistent port pairings. For example, we load shipments of earthmoving machinery on every RO-RO vessel sailing from Savannah, USA, to Brisbane, Australia. We will generally have 80-100 shipments on the water, somewhere in the world, at any given time. In addition, we handle larger and more complicated ‘project’ shipments. These, generally more technically challenging projects, involve chartering a shared or dedicated ship and managing the complete door-todoor movement of oversized or heavy cargoes, mostly from one remote mine site to another.” If a project requires specialised equipment, Freightplus will either subcontract to experts who own and operate the equipment, or take it on wet lease for the duration of the project to avoid the burden of servicing loans, owning and maintaining expensive assets, or the headache of keeping those assets working.

The whole package

Freightplus offers a long list of ancillary services and the majority of customers take a comprehensive package, entrusting to the experts all the administrative procedures that will inevitably trip up the inexperienced. A full range of services would include pre-purchase inspection, payment facilitation, configuring large equipment for transportation, arranging and tracking inland transportation, cleaning and fumigating to satisfy the destination country’s biosecurity requirements, preparation of shipping and export documents, interface with border authorities, providing warehousing or yard storage, booking cargo space, negotiating freight charges, freight consolidation, cargo insurance, cargo surveys, loading and securing cargo on board and tracking the vessel’s progress en route to destination – in some cases, even negotiating with ship-owners to speed up or slow down vessels, in order to deliver at just the right time.

“We will generally have 80-100 shipments on the water, somewhere in the world, at any given time”

Once at the destination, there’s the payment of port service charges, unloading of cargo, preparation and lodgment of import customs clearance documents, co-ordination of customs and/or biosecurity inspections, addressing compliance matters, identifying and co-ordinating the appropriate road transport vehicles, lifting heavy equipment onto them and co-ordinating and tracking domestic transport to the final destination. There’s a lot involved in this kind of work, and success depends on a meticulous attention to detail and the ability to co-ordinate multiple processes. How did the company become a specialist in moving heavy machinery? Freightplus began as a general freight forwarder, Gleeson explains, but when this kind of work came along, they found they were good at it. “We started World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

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with used earthmoving machinery for just one customer,” he says. “As we got better at it, we got more of that kind of business as word spread. We soon went from one or two customers to 70 or 80, so we packaged up the general sea freight, air freight and warehousing side of the business and sold it to a German multinational. We’ve been forwarding only oversized cargo since about 2004.” Freightplus has experienced steady growth without the need for external finance. Having a non-asset based business model, with variable costs rather than fixed overheads, has helped enable this. “Each year, we cap dividend payments at 40% of profit, re-invest a minimum of 40% back into the business, distribute 10% amongst local charities and community groups and share 10% with our team. “Our team is our biggest investment,”

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Gleeson adds. “We recruit the best people we can find and place a lot of emphasis on training, development, motivation and retention, and I believe that is the key to our growth. We do have a marketing budget but most of our business comes from regular customers and most of our new customers come by way of referral.” Customers tend to be machinery traders, procurement professionals and the mining services contractors, rather than the major mining companies themselves. He cites an example when Rio Tinto set up a mine in Guinea a few years ago. “One of our customers won a contract to convert it from a mountain to a mine site, and then handed it over to Rio and the local government to operate. Those are the people we work for. Also, if a mine needs a hundred machines, they tend to use their

preferred procurement company, who will find the assets and then engage us to move them.” For mining industry customers, the equipment mix is around 90% used, 10% new. “Used machinery is where we can add the most value,” explains Gleeson. “New machinery comes out of the OEM factories, brand new and packed for shipment, and generally from locations in close proximity to major transport and shipping routes, whereas used machinery is, more often than not, fully assembled and situated in its most recent workplace. That usually means a mine site, well off the beaten track and often with limited road access. “Our expertise is of most value to customers purchasing large assets from one remote location and needing them delivered, in full, on time, and reliably, within budget, to another


freightplus a team effort

remote location. This will typically include careful dismantling, cleaning, packaging, lifting, trucking (or barging) and shipping to the most appropriate destination port by the most economic and reliable means … then repeating the process in reverse at destination to deliver the equipment to its new owner.” Some projects involve working for two different customers, such as a recent shipment involving eight dump trucks bound for Australia from central Canada. “One customer has purchased this machinery FOB Vancouver,” says Gleeson, “and the other one sold it on those terms. So for one customer we’re pulling the trucks apart on site, cleaning them, taking them from the centre of Canada to Vancouver Port and doing the export customs clearance. The job finishes for that customer there and then for the Australian customer we

“We recruit the best people we can find and place a lot of emphasis on training, development, motivation and retention, and I believe that is the key to our growth”

pick them up from FOB and bring them over here. We clear them, do secondary biosecurity processing, put them together again, load them on trucks and deliver them to the customer’s site.” Each stage of transportation has its own set of challenges, restrictions and limitations which need to be considered when preparing over-dimensional cargo for shipment. Identifying the best configuration for shipping any heavy equipment requires an in-depth understanding of the cargo and every step of the route, from door to door, including the local regulations and restrictions at each waypoint, the capabilities of the shipping ports and the capacity of equipment at origin and destination, so it is essential for project planning and cargo preparation to address conditions throughout the entire route. World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

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“When heavy machinery is being moved by road, Freightplus will often carry out a physical route survey as an integral part of the planning process. This will involve driving the proposed route, taking note of all potential transport limitations for the intended cargo and identifying solutions to overcome each restriction”

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Every project is a one-off, so while it would be hard to define an average job, they all have identifiable elements which come together to make a whole. “We can make pretty accurate assessments of the time needed to perform certain stages of specific jobs,” says Gleeson. “For example, how long it will take to dismantle a CAT 6090 shovel at a remote location in Borneo, or how long it takes to ship a dozen CAT 793s from Antofagasta to Port Hedland, or the winter trucking time from Fort MacKay to Vancouver. We have shipped thousands of mining machines, to and from almost every known mining area on the planet. With every enquiry we receive, we can quite quickly put each of the pieces of the transport puzzle together and make a reasonably accurate assessment of the timeline, from A to B.” Freightplus maintains an extensive

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“Our expertise is of most value to customers purchasing large assets from one remote location and needing them delivered, in full, on time, and reliably, within budget, to another remote location”

technical database with the specifications of almost every make and model of mining machinery, plant and equipment, saving customers the hassle of having to provide technical drawings or machinery specifications. For most shipping routes, Freightplus can give an accurate quote for the shipment of mining machinery within an hour. Customers needing to know transport costs more urgently can access firm port to port shipping prices in less than 60 seconds, for over 4,000 machine configurations and around 400 major port combinations, using the Freightplus mobile app. It’s always a team effort, Gleeson stresses, and Freightplus has all the necessary disciplines covered in-house, with its team of freight forwarders, charter specialists, licenced customs brokers, load masters, riggers,


freightplus a team effort mechanics and biosecurity specialists. It also helps to maintain close relationships with shipping companies. “We maintain very close relationships with key shipowners,” says Gleeson. “It keeps us abreast of what’s happening. We monitor who’s operating what ships, what capacity they have, and who moves in what areas. There’s one carrier we would normally go to directly if we’re shipping out of Latin America. There’s another one in South East Asia. You just get to know who does what well and what the ships can do.” For the regular business out of the United States to Australia, or Europe to Africa, for instance, where Freightplus has machines on the move all the time, they use annual volume contracts. “We’ll sign a deal with a shipping company either to use them exclusively or to guarantee them a minimum amount of business. In return we get preferential rates, space availability on the vessel and that sort of thing.”

Remote projects

Shipping heavy equipment from remote mine sites is an area of expertise for which Freightplus is renowned. The logistical challenges involved with shipping large mining machines from remote places require a different set of skills to the shipment of machinery between major international ports. It also requires extensive local connections and resources. I wondered how Freightplus approaches a remote project and how many people were involved. “We do a lot of work in and out of Borneo, for example,” says Gleeson. “We have a very strong partner there with offices throughout Indonesia, Kalimantan in particular, where most of the mining is.” Freightplus will send out a project manager and a maintenance manager, he explains, and their partner company will organise some local labour. “The project manager coordinates everything logistically and the maintenance manager runs the mechanical support and dismantling, etc, with the help of the local fitters and mechanics.” When it comes to cleaning, Freightplus has half a dozen biosecurity specialists based in different parts of the world. “At least one of those will go to the site and he’ll also get a local crew with local

equipment. We’ll provide comprehensive cleaning guidelines and we’ll have our expert supervising the project. It will depend on the mine site, local union rules, local visa laws and things like that as to how hands-on he’s allowed to be. The way we operate, we put our own people in to supervise and instruct, then use local labour to support. A typical job like that would normally involve around four of our people. We’d have one finding a vessel, organising the charter, doing the documentation, customs and insurance, a mechanic, a biosecurity specialist and then we’d have a loadmaster who would be on site to get all the packing done properly, coordinate transport, cranes, wharf labour, things like that.” In many remote locations, mine sites may be near an inland waterway, so heavy machinery can be transported to a break-bulk vessel at anchorage, using barges or landing craft. Sometimes, World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

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“We have a very capable international network of like-minded handling partners, many of whom we have worked with for 20 years”

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precise timing is required to ensure that the vessel has the perfect river level to complete its journey. Projects in remote locations require the ability to bring a number of resources together, across multiple languages and cultures. For a project to run smoothly, everything must go according to plan, which means that everything needs to be planned. Nothing can be left to chance, because nobody wants surprises. Let’s take the road transportation of an oversize load as an example. Every detail of every mile must be taken into account. To start with, you need an extensive knowledge of local transport authority rules and restrictions for heavy haulage, and the physical limitations of the intended route. This can include road width, bridge height and weight

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limitations, overhead electrical wires, port access gates, overhanging trees, the position of road signs and traffic lights, etc, etc. When heavy machinery is being moved by road, Freightplus will often carry out a physical route survey as an integral part of the planning process. This will involve driving the proposed route, taking note of all potential transport limitations for the intended cargo and identifying solutions to overcome each restriction. It may be necessary to work with local electricity companies, local government authorities and road transport departments to arrange lifting (or removal and replacement) of overhead wires, trimming overhanging tree limbs to create a clear path or temporarily


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removing street signs or fencing or other obstacles, in order to achieve a clear route, free of obstacles and potential hazards.

Growth opportunities

Although the business has traditionally been focused on serving the mining sector, its expertise is the movement of any over-dimensional and heavy-lift industrial equipment. Freightplus can claim experience in shipping large items of new mining equipment, including tailings thickeners, trommels, grinding mills, conveyors, separators, flotation plants, smelter furnaces and the like. It can also handle urgent air freight consignments, which can range from urgent replacement parts through to multiple aircraft charters. There is literally no limit to what can be transported, so opportunities for expansion are not restricted to geographical growth, but also include diversification into new industries or expanding the company’s range of

“We have shipped thousands of mining machines, to and from almost every known mining area on the planet. With every enquiry we receive, we can quite quickly put each of the pieces of the transport puzzle together and make a reasonably accurate assessment of the timeline, from A to B”

services within its core business. “When the Australian mining boom came to an abrupt halt in 2013, we were faced with some difficult choices,” says Gleeson. “Our heavy reliance on the mining sector was a real threat to our survival. Ultimately, we were faced with the choice of laying off a significant number of loyal employees, or launching ourselves right out of our comfort zone into new areas of heavy industry. “We decided to diversify and we’ve never looked back. In addition to the many shipments of mining machinery we have on the water, our current projects include the door to door, international movement of a 40,320 cubic metre floating wharf, the delivery and installation of 28 wind turbines and the exportation of an entire motor vehicle manufacturing plant.” In terms of geography, he says, the company is not on a mission to put up a Freightplus flag in every country. “We expand geographically in response to what our customers want. We have a World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

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very capable international network of like-minded handling partners, many of whom we have worked with for 20 years. Through these longstanding relationships, we have developed operational synergies and capabilities that enable us to provide the highest level of service, which helps us to compete with some of the largest global players. “The success of these operational partnerships is something that cannot be developed overnight and is not an automatic by-product of being a massive multinational, with thousands

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of employees and millions of dollars in assets. In the many places in which we enjoy this type of relationship, our partners are equally or better positioned to provide the service integrity we rely upon, so we work together. On the other hand, if an opportunity presents itself and we don’t feel a local partner can perform the services we want, to the standard we want, then we’ll establish a presence there ourselves.”

Biosecurity

The next step towards expanding the company’s service offering is

to strengthen its capabilities in international biosecurity management, which as Gleeson pointed out earlier, has become a pressing issue of late. “It’s been a factor for a while,” he says. “We’ve been doing pre-shipment inspections for about 18 years already.” Biosecurity is a set of preventive measures designed to reduce the risk of the transmission of infectious diseases and pests into crops and livestock, and there are strict quarantine requirements for importing used machinery into Australia, New Zealand, New Caledonia and the USA. Other countries are


freightplus a team effort

“Freightplus offers a biosecurity pre-shipment inspection, where one or more of its biosecurity compliance inspectors will carry out exactly the same inspections as the DAWR biosecurity officer would carry out at the Australian entry port. Once satisfied, the Freightplus inspector will issue a Freightplus Certificate of Cleanliness, guaranteed against re-export” becoming more vigilant, too. In Australia, used machinery is classed as a prohibited import unless certain conditions are met which allow them to be imported. Effectively, this means that used machinery is a prohibited import into Australia unless it is as clean as new. All used machinery entering Australia is inspected by a DAWR (Department of Agriculture & Water Resources) biosecurity officer at the port of entry and anything that is not compliant with this condition is deemed to be a prohibited import. Some Australian importers have had the unfortunate experience of having to pay the costs of shipping their machine back out of the country, arranging offshore machinery cleaning and then re-importing it once the required level of biosecurity cleanliness has been achieved. The inspecting DAWR biosecurity officer will typically spend 30-90 minutes conducting a thorough visual inspection of the machine, looking for any visible contamination – all over the machine, under the machine, inside track frames, behind belly plates, in every joint and cavity and crack and

crevice. “On a 200 ton machine you could have 20 or 30 kilos of dirt, so they’ll turn that machine around and send it back again,” says Gleeson. If the machine passes the initial inspection, a secondary inspection will then take place which can include partial dismantling to access any areas the biosecurity officer could not inspect intact. This could involve the removal of wiring conduits and components such as the operator’s cab, fuel tank, wheels, etc. If there are any holes, ruptures, splits, cracks or fresh welds, the inspecting officer will direct the importer to cut open those sections for high volume flushing, under DAWR supervision. Radiators, too, will always be flushed as part of this secondary inspection. To avoid the risk of a re-export order, Freightplus offers a biosecurity pre-shipment inspection. One or more of its biosecurity compliance inspectors will visit the site where the used machinery is being cleaned for shipping to Australia, and will carry out exactly the same inspections as the DAWR biosecurity officer would carry out at the Australian entry port. The

inspector will then advise and assist the local cleaners to achieve the necessary level of cleanliness for importing used machinery into Australia. Once satisfied, the Freightplus inspector will issue a Freightplus Certificate of Cleanliness, guaranteed against re-export. Now that the authorities are turning whole ships away from ports, the issue of biosecurity has begun to focus minds even more. Who pays for that? “This is something we are currently discussing with the various stake holders,” says Gleeson. “Ultimately, the carriers will ask the cargo owners to pay. It’s opening up a whole new can of worms, because there’s no insurance that specifically covers it. There will inevitably be a lot of objections from cargo owners.” As biosecurity becomes an increasingly relevant consideration in the international transport of heavy mining machinery, Freightplus customers can at least rest assured that their freight forwarder is well equipped to handle it.

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mining in finland the world of finnish mining

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mining in finland the world of finnish mining

The World of Finnish Mining Finland is located on the Fennoscandian shield, which has strong similarities to Canada and Australia indicating strong mineral potential. The area is still much unexplored.

A

dvanced transport infrastructure and logistics are key strengths of Finland’s domestic economy. Business is served by an extensive network of roads and railways, and by a vast network of waterways, canals and sea lanes. Energy pricing is competitive and power grid covers the whole country. Finland is politically and socially stable and ranked one of lowest risk countries in the world. Finland is consistently rated among the top countries for mining policy and its legislation. Finland has systematically developed

its mining cluster. Today the cluster is strong, consisting of more than ten mining related universities and research organizations, more than 200 mining technology and service providers, over 40 mines and ten smelters and steel mills. Consequently, Finland is considered one of the most attractive mining jurisdictions in the world, not only due to the geology, but also due to its well developed and innovative mining ecosystem. Finland is an excellent hub for mining technology development. Finnish engineering companies have

developed major innovations, such as Flash Smelting of copper, advanced automatic pressure filters, process integration and optimization services. In addition to globally known players, a growing number of smaller Finnish innovative companies offer specialized technologies, services and solutions to improve the productivity through digitalization and optimization across the value chain. Finland hosts leading education, research and development facilities. The government strongly supports research organizations and private companies World Mining Magazine www.ogsmag.com

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mining in finland the world of finnish mining

in the development of green and sustainable mining technologies. Most of the world’s known lithium resources are found in South America, mainly Bolivia and Chile. But now Finland is emerging as a European powerhouse in lithium production. Lithium is a light-weight, reactive and durable metal with a wide range of uses, including the production of batteries, aircraft and various types of coatings. Due to its high reactivity, lithium never occurs freely in nature, and instead only appears in compounds. Lithium is mainly extracted from salt

Most of the world’s known lithium resources are found in South America, mainly Bolivia and Chile. But now Finland is emerging as a European powerhouse in lithium production

flats and lakes. In the Finnish bedrock, lithium is enriched in coarse-grained spodumene pegmatite veins. From salt lakes, lithium is obtained in the form of salts, but in the case of spodumene, lithium is recovered by sodium carbonate dissolution procedures, which yield extra pure lithium carbonate. This is a demanding and time-consuming process, but the end product is said to be much purer than the lithium salts recovered from salt lakes. Lithium is key to the future of Finnish mining.

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world mining directory the directory for the global mining industries drilling & blasting

electrical equipment

Doran Manufacturing Lee Demis Director of Business Development 2851 Massachusetts Avenue Cincinnati, OH 45225 Ph: (513) 699-6230 Email: Demis_Lee@Doranmfg.com Web: www.doranmfg.com

Dyno Nobel 2795 East Cottonwood Parkway Suite 500 Salt Lake City, UT 84121 Phone: 800-732-7534 Fax: 801-328-6452 Email: marketing@am.dynonobel.com Customers in the mining industry choose Dyno Nobel for quality products, reliable service and technical expertise. Dyno Nobel is the market leader in North America with facilities in Australia, Canada, the United States, Indonesia, Mexico, South America and Papua New Guinea. With a customer driven focus, Dyno Nobel develops practical products that will benefit customers in real time. Customers can count on real solutions to their pain points of today, helping them to reduce costs and increase production. Renowned for excellent safety performance and innovative explosive products and services, Dyno Nobel continuously delivers groundbreaking performance through practical innovation.

Established in 1953, Cincinnati, Ohio based Doran Manufacturing LLC. is a global leader in tire pressure monitoring systems and other transportation safety technology. Doran 360TM TPMS continuously monitor tire pressure and temperature data using wireless valve stem-mounted tire pressure sensors. Doran TPMS data can be integrated with telematics to communicate tire pressure and temperature data off equipment via wifi, gps and more for remote visibility of tire data. LumAware Advanced Photoluminescent safety products include Personal Protective Equipment (PPE – Helmets, Safety Vests) Exit Signage and more that makes workers performing tasks in low light/no light conditions safer, and illuminates exits and escapeways in emergencies.

drivetrain solutions

mining equipment

Swanson Industries is a leading provider of

hydraulic cylinder new manufacturing, remanufacturing, aftermarket service and repair, and distribution services for the global underground and aboveground mining markets. ■■ ■■ ■■ ■■ ■■ ■■ ■■ ■■

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mining equipment rentals

GEA Group Peter-Müller-Str. 12 40468 Düsseldorf Germany Tel +49 211 9136-0 chemical@gea.com GEA is one of the largest supplier for process technology and components for sophisticated production processes for many industries worldwide. Across a broad range of mining and mineral operations, GEA offers technologies, equipment & services in evaporation and crystallization, drying, cooling, calcining and conditioning, classification, thickening and dewatering, crud treatment and solvent extraction and wastewater management.

United Mining Rentals (UMR) was born out of a specific niche in the market for both short and longer term rentals for both new and used, Sandvik & Getman equipment for both underground & surface mining and also tunnelling applications. Coupled with +35 years of experience in the mining business, UMR provides both sales and rental of new & used mobile equipment for various mining & tunnelling operations across the world. In addition, our sister company, QME Mining Services Division (which operates as an International mining and tunnelling contractor), also operates a large fleet of predominately Sandvik equipment.

Tel. +353 (0)87 149 1945 www.unitedminingrentals.com

mineral processing

Salter Cyclones Salter Cyclones specialises in fine solids removal with its own Hydrocyclones and Multi-Gravity Separators. These achieve powerful and precise separations in practical, compact, reliable, operator friendly and economic systems. Salter Cyclones Limited Tel: + 44 1242 697771 Fax: + 44 1242 690895 Email: sales@saltercyclones.com Web: www.saltercyclones.com

MINPRO

MINPRO International have subsidiary offices in 4 countries all of which have the same business, supplying mineral processing equipment and engineering for the mineral processing industry worldwide. Our main products are AKER Flotation Machines; Hydraulic Roller Mills, Semi Mobile Modular Concentrators, Hydro Cyclone Batteries as well as Polyurethane wear parts for the mineral processing industry. We deliver complete new mineral processing installations, renovation and upgrade existing mineral processing plants, retrofitting the AKER flotation mechanisms in existing flotation machines as well as engineering services and consultancy

Tel: +48 515 368 833 Minpro International Sp. z o.o. www.minpro.com

mining technology

Adrok is a cutting edge service technology company headquartered in Edinburgh, Scotland, with exclusive global patents to Atomic Dielectric Resonance (ADR) imaging technology. This innovative technology has been developed for use in Oil and Gas, Mining and Civil Engineering sectors. Adrok’s technology has been used in several projects around the world to explore the sub-surface geology and locate accurately and identify precisely the fluids present at great depths providing high resolution without drilling the underground. This subsurface imaging scanner generates ‘virtual borehole’ logs of subsurface geology from the surface. It is lightweight, field rugged and portable, to enable cost-effective mobilisation.

49-1 West Bowling Green Street Edinburgh, EH6 5NX (Scotland, UK) Tel: +44(0) 131 555 6662 Email: info@adrokgroup.com Website: http://adrokgroup.com/

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world mining directory process water treatment

software

GEA Group Peter-Müller-Str. 12 40468 Düsseldorf Germany Tel +49 211 9136-0 chemical@gea.com GEA is one of the largest supplier for process technology and components for sophisticated production processes for many industries worldwide. Across a broad range of mining and mineral operations, GEA offers technologies, equipment & services in evaporation and crystallization, drying, cooling, calcining and conditioning, classification, thickening and dewatering, crud treatment and solvent extraction and wastewater management.

Formed in 1997, Canary Systems provides integrated geo-monitoring solutions for a broad range of mining applications, including open pit, tailings, SW-EX, and underground. We help clients better manage risk, monitor performance, and increase the safety of their operations by tying together the loose ends: the hardware required for automatic or semi-automatic data acquisition – and the software to collect, store, and analyze data in a simple and efficient way on a single combined powerful platform. We provide turnkey solutions – including system architecture, hardware and software development, telemetry, and instrumentation – as well as individual components customized to and augmenting existing project needs.

Canary Systems, Inc. Mining Group 4732 Oracle Road, Suite 112 Tucson, AZ 85705 USA Tel: 520.887.9800 info@canarysystems.com www.canarysystems.com

Salter Cyclones specialises in fine solids removal with its own Hydrocyclones and Multi-Gravity Separators. These achieve powerful and precise separations in practical, compact, reliable, operator friendly and economic systems.

sump

Salter Cyclones Limited Tel: + 44 1242 697771 Fax: + 44 1242 690895 Email: sales@saltercyclones.com Web: www.saltercyclones.com

scales & weighing equipment

IVAC Industrial Vacuum Systems Ltd., manufactures a powerful pneumatic powered vacuum/ delivery system that allows you to pick-up and deliver your most difficult materials. The materials can be wet or dry including gravel, sand, slimes, sludge’s and water. The powerful, virtually maintenance free vacuum system is able to deliver the materials short or long distances, even up too kilometres through a pipeline or hose. Its is ideal for sump & ditch clean-up, tanks, under conveyors, around crushers and mills anywhere shovels, vacuum trucks or water hoses are being used for your clean-ups today!

Contact: Brad Fryburger Brad.Fryburger@rinstrum.com +1 248 680 0320 Website: www.rinstrum.com

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IVAC Industrial Vacuum Systems Ltd. 35-111 Chartrand Avenue, Logan Lake, BC V0K 1W0 Canada Phone 604-628-3367 Email zereko@zereko.com http://industrialvacuumunit.com


It makes complete sense! Autonomous Vehicles, Autonomous Refueling!

PRECISE / PROFICIENT / PROVEN ENGINEERING AND MANUFACTURING OF: ROBOTIC REFUELING SYSTEM (RFS) - The RFS Pitstop is a containerized system for robotic refueling of heavy duty vehicles in extreme conditions. RFS is safe, efficient, easy, environmental friendly and theft-proof. Operating speeds are between 150 – 300 GPM / (567 – 1135 LPM). Connection to begin refueling is only 25 seconds and disconnecting takes just 25 seconds. The RFS Pitstop system is a turn-key working robot, installed in a 20 foot sea-container which facilitates installation and secures the systems operation.

Robotic Refueling System

Fluid Reservoir Systems

DIESEL AND DEF RAPID REFUELING SYSTEMS - Refuel or fill

any fluid storage vessel accurately and prevent spillage or overpressurizing the storage tank.The Fast Fuel Systems mate with industry standard nozzles and 2” NPT receivers. The Fast Fuel Systems Shut off valve acts as a check valve when servicing receivers.The Fast Fuel Systems Shut off valve can be connected to multiple receivers for remote or dual fill locations.The Fast Fuel Systems Zero or low pressure systems can be used with steel, stainless steel and plastic reservoirs.

THE DIESEL AND DEF SYSTEMS PROVIDE:

• Non Pressurized Fill System • Flow Rates up to 5-211 GPM (18 LPM - 800 LPM) • Provides Dry-break Connection • Exterior Tank Mounting • Retrofit-able • Ideal application for Construction, Mining, AG, Locomotive and Marine Vehicles and closed loop refilling dispensing systems.

High Flow Filling Systems

Hydraulic Breathers with manual overrides

Quick Disconnects

Coverage in the USA and International www.ShawDev.com / teamsupport@shawdev.com Tel +1 239 405 6100

Service Lube Centers


Are equipment trips slowing down your ore? Operate to constraints to maximize flow. Pavilion8ÂŽ drives your operation to maximum potential The Pavilion8 Material Flow Management application provides real-time visibility of complex multiple conveyor systems in a mining facility. By taking advantage of existing data, the application improves performance by initiating preventive or corrective measures prior to a system trip.

Discover how a Pavilion solution can help you operate your facility at maximum efficiency.

Discover.rockwellautomation.com/Mining Pavilion8 is a registered trademark of Rockwell Automation, Inc. Copyright Š 2015 Rockwell Automation, Inc. All Rights Reserved. AD2015-45-US


Profile for World Mining Magazine

World Mining Magazine  

Issue 30. Cover Story: Newmont-Goldcorp

World Mining Magazine  

Issue 30. Cover Story: Newmont-Goldcorp