Page 1

LEFT BEHIND: POKER OR PRUDENCE?

N ov em b er 2 , 2013

Going it alone Churches and Christian caregivers fail sex-abuse victims when they don’t step in to protect them and stop perpetrators


MS_HCReformAd2_World9.21.13.indd 1 22 CONTENTS.indd 2

8/20/13 1:10:21 PM 10/11/13 9:48 AM


Contents  ,  /  ,  

     

34 The high cost of negligence

When pastors, churches, and other caregivers fail to report sexual abuse, they may aid and abet crime—and in some states are subject to prosecution themselves—along with subjecting abuse victims to lifelong trauma      

42 Grand new party? The California Republican convention reveals a small and ideologically divided party but one also beginning to reach out to the state’s diverse population

46 A long twilight struggle

Victory over crippling federal debt, House Republicans are finding, may not come quickly

48 Debtors’ prison

The most rapidly growing class of debt in America belongs to the country’s newest wage earners and its youngest taxpayers

 

5 News 16 Quotables 18 Quick Takes

50 Not bluffing

Moody board chairman and top author Jerry B. Jenkins is among Christians who have taken up tournament poker. Is evangelical opposition to it about to fold?

 

23 30

   /; : /

23 Movies & TV 26 Books 28 Q&A 30 Music 

57 Lifestyle 60 Technology 61 Houses of God 62 Sports 63 Money 64 Religion

50

NATASHA SCHMALE/GENESIS PHOTOS



62 VISIT WORLDMAG.COM FOR BREAKING NEWS, TO SIGN UP FOR WEEKLY EMAIL UPDATES, AND MORE

3 Joel Belz 20 Janie B. Cheaney 32 Mindy Belz 67 Mailbag 71 Andrée Seu Peterson 72 Marvin Olasky

WORLD (ISSN -X) (USPS -) is published biweekly ( issues) for . per year by God’s World Publications, (no mail)  All Souls Crescent, Asheville, NC ; () -. Periodical postage paid at Asheville, NC, and additional mailing offi ces. Printed in the USA. Reproduction in whole or in part without written permission is prohibited. ©  God’s World Publications. All rights reserved. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to WORLD, PO Box , Asheville, NC -.

22 CONTENTS.indd 1

10/16/13 9:21 AM


“The earth is the Lord’s and the fullness thereof; the world and those who dwell therein.” —Psalm 24:1 EDITORIAL editor in chief Marvin Olasky editor Mindy Belz managing editor Timothy Lamer news editor  Jamie Dean senior writers  Janie B. Cheaney, Susan Olasky, Andrée Seu Peterson, John Piper, Edward E. ­Plowman, Cal Thomas, Lynn Vincent reporters  Emily Belz, J.C. Derrick, Daniel James Devine, Sophia Lee, Angela Lu, Edward Lee Pitts correspondents  Zachary Abate, Megan Basham, Anthony Bradley, Tim Challies, Alicia M. Cohn, John Dawson, Amy Henry, Mary Jackson, Thomas S. Kidd, Michael Leaser, Jill Nelson, Arsenio Orteza, Tiffany Owens, Stephanie Perrault, Emily Whitten mailbag editor Les Sillars executive assistant  June McGraw editorial assistants  Kristin Chapman, Mary Ruth Murdoch

creative art director David K. Freeland associate art director Robert L. Patete graphic designer Rachel Beatty illustrator Krieg Barrie digital production assistant Arla J. Eicher ADVERTISING director of sales  Dawn Snook account executives  Al Saiz, Angela Scalli, Alan Wood the world market  Connie Moses advertising office  828.232.5489 CUSTOMER SERVICE customer service manager  Jim Chisolm customer service office  828.232.5260

Invest Wisely.

Send Him. world journalism institute [worldji.com]

corporate chief executive officer Kevin Martin Founder Joel Belz Vice President Warren Cole Smith Marketing Director Steve Whigham Development Director Debra Meissner

Dean Marvin Olasky god’s world news [gwnews.com] Publisher Howard Brinkman

BOARD of directors David Strassner (chairman), Mariam Bell, world digital [worldmag.com] Kevin Cusack, Richard Kurtz, Virginia Kurtz, Executive Editor MickeyThousands McLean of native missionaries in poorer countries effectivelyPeter take the Lillback, Howard Miller, William Newton, managing Editor Leigh Jones gospel to unreached people groups B.  ­Pulliam, David Skeel, Nelson in areas that are extremely Russell difficult Assistant Editor Dan Perkins for American missionaries to reach. Somerville, Ladeine Thompson, Raymon 4 They speak the local languages Editorial Assistant Whitney Williams Thompson, John Weiss, John White 4 They are part of the culture 4 They never need a visa, airline world radio [worldandeverything.com] tickets, or furloughs MISSION STATEMENT win souls and plant Executive Producer Nickolas S.4 They Eicher churches To report, interpret, and illustrate the news Senior Producer  Joseph Slife serve the Native missionaries Lord at a fraction of what it costs toin sendaantimely, ­accurate, enjoyable, and arresting American missionary overseas. world on campus [worldoncampus.com] fashion from a ­perspective committed to Help provide for a missionary Editor Leighwith Jones the Bible as the inerrant Word of God. $50 per month.

Christian Aid Mission P. O. Box 9037 Charlottesville, VA 22906 434-977-5650

www.christianaid.org

contact us

800.951.6397 /// worldmag.com

Reprints and permissions Contact June McGraw at 828.232.5415 or mailbag@worldmag.com world occasionally rents subscriber names to ­carefully screened, like-minded organizations. If you would prefer not to receive these promotions, please call customer service and ask to be placed on our DO NOT RENT list.

22 JOEL.indd 2

10/11/13 9:52 AM

credit

To subscribe, renew, change address, give a gift, order back issues, etc. Email  customerservice@worldmag.com  Online  worldmag.com Phone  800.951.6397 within the United States or 828.232.5260 outside the United States Write  world, PO Box 20002, ­Asheville, nc 28802-9998


Joel Belz

Looking around the corner A WORLD opinion poll: What changes are just ahead?

>> OBAMA: CHARLES DHARAPAK/AP • PRO-CHOICE: BARBARA FREEMAN/GETTY IMAGES • WOMEN’S LIBERATION: BETTMANN/CORBIS • RAINBOW FLAG: MARIO TAMA/GETTY IMAGES

I     to the single biggest cultural shift in American society during your lifetime, what would you mention? If I asked you instead to list the three or four biggest cultural shifts, what would you add? For sure, your answer depends significantly on your age. If you’re still in your s, your possibilities are limited. Some of us who have lived through two or three generations have to ponder and compare at least a few more social phenomena. I ask this not so much to start a discussion about the past as to explore what might be lying ahead. So keep in mind that I’m planning to ask you, before we finish here, to do a little social prophesying. But first, look briefly at the past. I’ve been asking folks for several weeks now, in a variety of settings, which cultural shifts seem, in retrospect, to be most significant. An overall advance in racial equality has dominated the responses I’ve heard. We’re a nation that during World War II had not yet integrated its fighting units or its Major League Baseball teams, but that now reelects a black president and for the most part doesn’t bat an eye at an interracial couple walking down the street, hand in hand. Any one of those might be less than an overwhelming signal—but together, they’re symbols of something already huge and getting bigger. The wide-scale tolerance and practice of abortion is the second most profound change noted in my informal survey. History tells us that humans have, in all ages, found ways to destroy babies they didn’t want. But it’s just been over the last half century that we’ve managed shamelessly to add public approval to such a practice. Both China and India are already wrestling with the socio-economic fallout of decades of gender-specific abortions; the British Parliament started public discussion of that issue early in October. Will the United States be far behind?

Ironically, that issue of gender-specific abortion is a thorn in the flesh for proponents of contemporary feminism—which just happens in my survey to be the third major contributor to societal shift. Freedom to snuff out the life of your baby has been a foundational pillar of modern feminism. But what if two-thirds of those whose lives are ended are females? The fruit of modern feminism comes in a big but very mixed bag. The advent of homosexual rights is the fourth big shift my survey took note of. Few would have guessed even a decade ago that homosexual marriage and an open Boy Scouts policy would become the American standard—and with such suddenness. Rarely mentioned by the folks I chatted with were the collapse of the American family and the disappearance of “absolutes” or “absolute truth” in the expressed worldview of younger Americans. I guess when something simply disappears, it’s harder to take note of it. Racial justice, abortion, feminism, and homosexual behavior have tended to be highly visible changes. OK. If those four profound changes generally suggest the way our society has changed in recent decades, what lies ahead? Who’s ready to predict the jaw-droppers likely to reshape our society and culture during the two or three generations just ahead of us? Some might be positive in character, fostering redemptive aspects in the same way racial justice has born so much good fruit in recent years. Will that be the pattern—or will a majority of the changes display still more rebellion against God’s created order? I’d love to get your thoughts on the subject. No long treatises, please! But a quick summary of which cultural shifts are likely to be coming along during the years God gives you during the rest of your life. Email me at jbelz@worldmag.com, and I’ll report back on what you tell me. A

?

Email: jbelz@worldmag.com

22 JOEL.indd 3

NOVEMBER 2, 2013 • WORLD

10/15/13 10:46 AM


“With all my heart, I want to leave you with truth.”

A l o n g - AwA i t e d b r o A d c A s t e v e n t F r o M

B I L LY G R A H A M t o o U r n At i o n

©2013 BGEA

54798 MHAWBG World Magazine Ad-NOV 2nd_V2.indd 1 22 News 1.indd 4

9/11/13 3:38 PM 10/11/13 9:54 AM

CREDIT

Invite a friend to watch the powerful new message from Billy Graham starting November 7. Check your local listings and find out more at MyHopewithbillygraham.org/Programs.


Dispatches

Evan Vucci/AP

News > Quotables > Quick Takes

SHUTDOWN FROWNS: Senate Majority Leader Sen. Harry Reid, D-Nev. (right), pauses during a news conference with Sen. Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., on Capitol Hill on Oct. 12. The federal government remained partially shut down and faced a debt-limit deadline later in October.

Available in Apple’s App Store: Download WORLD’s iPad app today

22 News 1.indd 5

N o v e m b e r 2 , 2 0 1 3 • W OR L D  

5

10/16/13 9:17 AM


Dispatches > News T h u r s d a y, O c t . 

Indefinite leave

Many federal agencies around the world entered their first day shuttered as Republicans in the House deadlocked with Senate Democrats and the president over a new fiscal year budget. The partial government shutdown, the first in  years, laid off over , government workers. At Z-Burger in Washington, D.C., owner Peter Tabibian thought he’d do federal workers a favor by giving them free sandwiches. But , sandwiches later and with no end to the shutdown in sight, he pulled the plug on a deal he said had cost him ,.

Bus crash

In court

Eight people died and  suffered injuries when a bus carrying a group of seniors from a North Carolina church blew a tire, swerved across the median of a Tennessee highway, and crashed into oncoming traffic. The victims included members of Front Street Baptist Church in Statesville, N.C., ranging in ages from  to , all returning from an annual road trip to a three-day festival of gospel music and preaching.

A state appeals court in Pennsylvania ruled former Penn State assistant football coach Jerry Sandusky should not get a new trial after being convicted of sexually abusing boys. The unanimous decision means Sandusky, , could spend the rest of his life in prison serving a -to-year sentence.

 

Ship sinks A boat packed with about  African migrants caught fire and sank off the southern Italian island of Lampedusa, leaving hundreds dead. The rickety vessel, carrying mostly Eritreans and Somalians, became stranded just a half mile from shore. With perhaps only  passengers surviving, the episode prompted Italian officials to call for a unified European strategy to deal with a flood of North African migrants. About , migrants reached Italy and Malta by sea last year.

Count me out Adding to the litany of recent presidential zigzags on foreign policy, President Obama canceled his trip to Asia over the federal government shutdown. The White House had pegged the trip to important trade talks and highlighting the president’s “pivot” to Asia.

Z-BURGER: JIM WATSON/AFP/GETTY IMAGES • SANDUSKY: MATT ROURKE/AP • SHOOTING: ALHURRA TELEVISION/AP • CARPENTER: FRAZER HARRISON/WIREIMAGE/GETTY IMAGES

We d n e s d a y, O c t . 

Died Astronaut Scott Carpenter, , the second American to orbit the earth, died on Oct.  from complications after a stroke. Carpenter, the backup pilot for John Glenn, circled the globe three times during a five-hour flight in May , three months after Glenn’s flight. Glenn is now the last surviving member of the Mercury  team. Carpenter, a Korean War veteran, never flew another mission. 

WORLD • NOVEMBER 2, 2013

22 News 1.indd 6

10/15/13 4:19 PM

BLIZZARD: BENJAMIN BRAYFIELD/RAPID CITY JOURNAL/AP • TABOR: HANDOUT • PAKISTAN: MALIK SHAFIQ KILPATRICK: RYAN GARZA/DETROIT FREE PRESS/AP

Capital shooting Police fatally shot a -year-old Connecticut woman near the U.S. Capitol after a frantic car chase that began when she tried to ram her car through a White House barrier. With her -month-old daughter in the car, Miriam Carey led police down Pennsylvania Avenue, forcing a lockdown of the U.S. Capitol. Police found no weapons in Carey’s car, and her infant did not suffer injuries.


S a t u r d a y & S u n d a y, O c t .  - 

Raids

F r i d a y, O c t . 

Blizzard

BLIZZARD: BENJAMIN BRAYFIELD/RAPID CITY JOURNAL/AP • TABOR: HANDOUT • PAKISTAN: MALIK SHAFIQ KILPATRICK: RYAN GARZA/DETROIT FREE PRESS/AP

Z-BURGER: JIM WATSON/AFP/GETTY IMAGES • SANDUSKY: MATT ROURKE/AP • SHOOTING: ALHURRA TELEVISION/AP • CARPENTER: FRAZER HARRISON/WIREIMAGE/GETTY IMAGES

U.S. Navy SEALs snatched off the streets of Tripoli a senior al-Qaeda leader wanted for his role in the  bombings of two U.S. embassies in Africa. Abu Anas al-Libi, considered a top recruiter for al-Qaeda, and held him aboard a U.S. Navy ship ahead of trying him in a U.S. court. Navy SEALs also stormed a beachside compound in Somalia to capture a top member of the al-Shabaab terrorist group behind last month’s attacks in Nairobi. They retreated after coming under heavy gunfire.

One of the worst blizzards in South Dakota history plowed through the region during the first weekend of October, leaving a wake of destruction. As snowfall reached  inches near Mt. Rushmore, ranchers took heavy tolls in lost livestock. At Rainbow Bible Ranch, a summer camp, owners Larry and Robin Reinhold lost  horses— including camp favorites nearing  years old. “We’re still trying to figure out how to share this news with campers,” Robin Reinhold said. “It’s going to hit kids hard.”

Judge’s call

Closed

Washington state’s judicial ethics body reprimanded a state judge for refusing to officiate same-sex wedding ceremonies. Thurston County Superior Court Judge Gary Tabor said he was uncomfortable performing the ceremonies because of his religious beliefs. Tabor hoped to officiate only traditional unions, but he may have to stop performing marriages altogether. The Judicial Conduct Commission complaint said his actions “appeared to express a discriminatory intent.”

Arizona officials and business leaders urged the National Park Service to let the state keep the Grand Canyon open, or at least part of it, during the partial government shutdown—and Gov. Jan Brewer offered state money to help. But federal officials seemed determined to make the nation’s parks a pawn in Washington’s political game—barricading monuments, memorials, and national historic sites normally open to the public without much supervision.

Human chain As many as  Pakistanis, including Muslims and Christians, formed a human chain outside St. Anthony’s Church in Lahore in a display of solidarity. The effort to protect churches followed suicide attacks two weeks ago in Peshawar that killed more than  worshippers. “The terrorists showed us what they do on Sundays,” said Mohammad Jibran Nasir, an event organizer. “Here we are showing them what we do on Sundays. We unite.”

Sentenced A federal judge sentenced former Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick, , to  years in prison seven months after he pleaded guilty to racketeering, fraud, extortion, and tax crimes. Kilpatrick, once a rising star in the Democratic Party, told the judge he accepted responsibility for his actions, which sent an already struggling city further into debt. Kilpatrick, who became mayor in , quit in  amid revelations that he had lied under oath to cover up an affair with his top aide.

Download WORLD’s iPad app today; details at worldmag.com/iPad

22 News 1.indd 7

NOVEMBER 2, 2013 • WORLD

10/15/13 4:07 PM


Dispatches > News Tu e s d a y, O c t . 

System down “Down for repairs” is what visitors to the Department of Health and Human Services’ healthcare.gov website found as an overnight shutdown to repair the site turned into a prolonged commentary on Obamacare’s faltering start. Reporters searched in vain for would-be enrollees who had successfully signed up for new health insurance markets, while some state exchanges had more success. On talk shows Oct. , Treasury Secretary Jack Lew refused to say how many had successfully enrolled.

Torch relay The Olympic torch debuted in Moscow for the first day of the -day torch relay through Russia in advance of the upcoming Winter Games in Sochi. But the flame faltered as a torchbearer jogged along an embankment across from the Kremlin. “Is Gazprom sponsoring this?” one spectator asked, knocking on the nation’s government-controlled energy company.

Iraq attacks Iraq’s parliament set April , , for the country’s first national elections since  as a string of attacks in Iraq killed at least  people. The attacks included a coordinated series of evening bombings in Baghdad. Since violence surged this spring, more than , people have been killed in Iraq, including  children on Oct.  when an explosive-packed vehicle blew up next to their elementary school.

First Monday The U.S. Supreme Court opened its new term with a docket that includes the first major abortion case to reach the court since . The justices will look at an Oklahoma law regulating medical abortions through the RU- drug regimen. It’s the first time the court has taken on chemical abortions. Other cases may include examining a Massachusetts law establishing a buffer zone around abortion centers, the new healthcare law’s contraceptive mandate, and whether officials can open public meetings with prayer.

New Bens The Federal Reserve began circulating a new  bill featuring a new design and stronger security features. The first  bills to be introduced since  still feature Benjamin Franklin. As the most counterfeited U.S. bill in the world, the new  includes raised printing along Franklin’s shoulder and security ribbons that shift images from bells to s and colors from copper to green. Each costs . cents to produce—a  percent increase over the cost of the old C-note.

Died Vietnamese General Vo Nguyen Giap died Oct.  at age . Giap commanded the Vietnamese People’s Army in the Vietnam War and also served as commander in the First Indochina War against France. Giap, wrote Sen. John McCain in The Wall Street Journal, was willing to suffer enormous casualties as he waited for his enemies to tire of war: “The U.S. never lost a battle against North Vietnam, but it lost the war. Countries, not just their armies, win wars. Giap understood that. We didn’t.”

WORLD • NOVEMBER 2, 2013

22 News 1.indd 8

RUSSIA: THE YOMIURI SHIMBUN VIA AP • ABORTION PILL: HANDOUT • $100 BILL: BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI/AFP/GETTY IMAGES • GIAP: HOANG DINH NAM/AFP/GETTY IMAGES

M o n d a y, O c t . 

Worldmag.com: Your online source for today’s news, Christian views

10/15/13 4:07 PM


ABOVE ALL, KNOW GOD. Study the attributes of God and medieval classics. Grab a slice of pizza Friday night with the same friends you worship with Sunday morning. Study under professors who aren’t just experts; they’re spiritual leaders. RBC is a launching pad from which to live an examined life, glorifying God and proclaiming His kingdom—wherever your degree may take you.

CREDIT

To learn why students like you choose RBC, visit ReformationBibleCollege.org.

WORLD_FP_NOV_2013_FINAL.indd 1 22 News 1.indd 9

9/30/13 3:24 PM 10/11/13 9:55 AM


Dispatches > News We d n e s d a y, O c t . 

Money matters

Haiti Advocates for Haitian victims of a cholera outbreak that killed over , filed a class action lawsuit against the UN in a Manhattan federal court. The epidemic, which left more than , sick, began with contaminated sewage from the UN peacekeeping force barracks entering communities of displaced Haitians after the country’s devastating  earthquake. Lawyers seek . billion for the Haitian government to eradicate cholera plus unspecified damages for victims, but UN officials have said they will not pay compensation.

T h u r s d a y, O c t .  

Cutting Egypt When White House officials announced they would suspend a major chunk of military aid to Egypt, the message may have hurt as much as the cuts: Many Egyptians view dwindling U.S. support for the post-revolution country as an endorsement of the Muslim Brotherhood. The U.S. State Department plans to withhold deliveries of tanks, aircraft, missiles, and some  million in aid to Egypt’s military. (The U.S. gives about . billion in aid to Egypt each year.) The State Department cites the July removal of President Mohamed Morsi and the country’s ongoing turmoil as reasons for the cuts. Millions of Egyptians demonstrated for the ouster of Morsi and other members of the Muslim Brotherhood in July, saying the group was using power unlawfully for Islamist ends.

Big differences Researcher Douglas W. Allen may have added a new dimension to the samesex marriage debate with a study published in the Review of the Economics of the Household. Allen looked at a  percent sample of Canadian census data from , a much larger sample than past studies of homosexual households. His finding: “Children living with gay and lesbian families in  were about  percent as likely to graduate compared to children living in opposite sex marriage families.” Children in lesbian households fared the worst, while children with married opposite sex parents fared the best.

Expanding abortion Pro-life activists lamented passage of a California law allowing nurse practitioners, certified nurse midwives, and physician assistants to perform early abortions. The law goes into effect Jan. . Four other states— Oregon, Montana, Vermont, and New Hampshire—have similar laws.

Recovering Doctors at a Tulsa hospital released senior Oklahoma Sen. James Inhofe, , on Oct.  after he underwent successful quadruple bypass surgery. Inhofe, a Republican running for a fourth term next year, said he was shocked to learn of the problem, because he felt no effects from massive blockages discovered during a routine checkup. Expected to make a full recovery, Inhofe missed two weeks of the Washington budget battle. 

WORLD • NOVEMBER 2, 2013

22 NEWS 2.indd 10

YELLEN: CHIP SOMODEVILLA/GETTY IMAGES • EGYPT: STR/AFP/GETTY IMAGES • ABORTION: KRIEG BARRIE • INHOFE: MANUEL BALCE CENETA/AP

President Obama nominated Janet Yellen to succeed Ben Bernanke as head of the Federal Reserve. Yellen, , would be the first woman to lead the central bank in its -year history, but economists are more interested in her monetary policy: Currently the No.  leader at the Fed, Yellen is known for her support of quantitative easing, and likely will unwind the Fed’s controversial bond-buying scheme slowly. Mark Calabria of the Cato Institute is pessimistic: “If you think bubbles are a great avenue for wealth creation, then Yellen is the Fed chair for you.”

Available in Apple’s App Store: Download WORLD’s iPad app today

10/15/13 4:09 PM


CREDIT

Free Shipping World 11.2.13.indd 1 22 NEWS 2.indd 11

9/19/13 2:56:13 PM 10/14/13 1:39 PM


Dispatches > News S a t u r d a y & S u n d a y, O c t .   -  

Storming the monuments

F r i d a y, O c t .  

Motherly love Korean-American Kenneth Bae—a Christian missionary imprisoned in North Korea—spent  minutes with his mother in a prison hospital after officials allowed her a brief visit. North Korean authorities arrested Bae last November on charges of plotting to overthrow the government while he led a tourist group near the Chinese border. Officials sentenced him to  years’ hard labor, and a July video showed Bae had lost about  pounds while farming at a labor camp. Bae’s mother, Myunghee Bae, said her son looked better since authorities hospitalized him for a range of serious health problems, but his health is “still not so good.”

Truth in advertising A Christian organization offered a big response to billboards by atheist groups that carry messages like “Praise Darwin: Evolve Beyond Belief.” The group Answers in Genesis bought a billboard in Times Square that reads, “To all of our atheist friends: Thank God you’re wrong.” The Christian group said the campaign includes  billboards displayed for four weeks and costs around ,.

Thousands of veterans and their supporters converged on national monuments across Washington to protest federal officials closing the sites during the government shutdown. Dubbed the “Million Vet March” by Tea Party groups, the demonstrations included elderly war veterans in combat helmets. The Obama administration faced escalating criticism over closing the outdoor national monuments to citizens—including many veterans—who traveled long distances to visit.

Comeback king Boston Red Sox slugger David Ortiz delivered an unforgettable comeback when he smashed a grand slam in an eighth inning playoff game against the Detroit Tigers to tie the game -. A ninth inning run gave the Red Sox a - victory over the stunned Tigers. “I’ve seen him do some pretty cool things,” said teammate Dustin Pedroia. “But that’s pretty special.”

BAE: MUN KWANG SON/THE CHOSON SINBO/AP • MILLION VET MARCH: BILL O’LEARY/THE WASHINGTON POST/GETTY IMAGES • BILLBOARD: MARILYNN K. YEE/THE NEW YORK TIMES/REDUX ORTIZ: JARED WICKERHAM/GETTY IMAGES • DAVIS: HANDOUT

Grocery shoppers in  states found they couldn’t use food stamps for more than  hours on Saturday after a computer glitch shut down the system. Xerox, the company running the software, said the outage happened during a test of backup systems. The number of affected consumers highlighted the reach of the food stamp program: Some  million people receive the debit cards in the  states affected. A Walmart store in Mississippi closed after customers began leaving with groceries they hadn’t purchased.

Lagging Texas state Sen. Wendy Davis, , announced her candidacy for governor on Oct. , just over three months after she filibustered a bill banning abortion after  weeks—and became a champion for pro-abortion activists. Davis narrowly won her  Senate seat in a swing district against a weak Republican candidate and could have lost her  reelection bid. Davis is sure to draw pro-abortion financing, but so far she’s raised  million for the race, while presumptive Republican nominee Greg Abbott has hauled in  million. 

WORLD • NOVEMBER 2, 2013

22 NEWS 3.indd 12

10/16/13 9:30 AM

SHILLER: MARK LENNIHAN/AP • FAMA & HANSEN: BRIAN KERSEY/UPI/NEWSCOM • INDIA: PALLAVA BAGLA/CORBIS/AP • ECLIPSE: IAN HITCHCOCK/GETTY IMAGES • MORSI: SPENCER PLATT/GETTY IMAGES USS FORD: HANDOUT • BELL: LARRY GOREN/FOUR SEAM IMAGES/AP

Food stamp panic


Oct. 28

BAE: MUN KWANG SON/THE CHOSON SINBO/AP • MILLION VET MARCH: BILL O’LEARY/THE WASHINGTON POST/GETTY IMAGES • BILLBOARD: MARILYNN K. YEE/THE NEW YORK TIMES/REDUX ORTIZ: JARED WICKERHAM/GETTY IMAGES • DAVIS: HANDOUT

SHILLER: MARK LENNIHAN/AP • FAMA & HANSEN: BRIAN KERSEY/UPI/NEWSCOM • INDIA: PALLAVA BAGLA/CORBIS/AP • ECLIPSE: IAN HITCHCOCK/GETTY IMAGES • MORSI: SPENCER PLATT/GETTY IMAGES USS FORD: HANDOUT • BELL: LARRY GOREN/FOUR SEAM IMAGES/AP

M o n d a y, O c t .  

Beware of bubbles

Three American professors won the  Nobel Prize for economics, but celebratory champagne wasn’t the “bubbly” on one winner’s mind: Robert Shiller of Yale University warned the Fed’s easy money policy and the rapid rise in global housing prices could create a “bubbly” property boom. It’s the same kind of bubble that tanked the U.S. housing market—and the economy—in . Shiller and fellow economists Eugene Fama and Lars Peter Hansen of the University of Chicago split the . million Nobel Prize for their work on Fama (left) and Hansen market prices and asset bubbles.

   . Learn about a couple adopting a “snowflake baby,” a single mom struggling to make ends meet, and young Christian filmmakers working toward their first million-dollar movie. See real, ongoing, unscripted reality shows—and we don’t know how they’ll end—at worldmag.com/ topic/reality_shows/.

India’s most significant space mission ever will commence today when its Mars Orbiter Mission takes off from the southern part of the country. Complications could push the launch back up to  days. India’s space agency is hoping the project will demonstrate the nation’s growing prowess in space exploration.

LOOKING AHEAD Oct. 28 Today, ABC

News and Univision plan to launch a new cable channel targeted to English-speaking Latinos. The channel, called Fusion, promises to feature a blend of entertainment, news, and satire.

Nov. 4

Former Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi stands trial today for atrocities committed at the end of his tenure in office. The former Egyptian president, who will stand trial in an Egyptian court, has been accused of inciting deadly violence during his attempts to quell antigovernment protests in the final months of his administration.

Nov. 3

Cloudy weather could taint the prospects of viewing the only  total solar eclipse from its prime viewing area in equatorial Africa, but Americans living on the East Coast could wake up to a treat. The Atlantic coast of North America will feature a short-lived partial eclipse at sunrise.

Nov. 9

The U.S. Navy’s newest aircraft carrier, the USS Gerald R. Ford, will be christened when the former president’s daughter breaks a bottle of sparkling wine over the ship’s bow in a ceremony today. CVN- represents the first of the Ford-class of supercarriers designed to replace the aging Nimitz-class line. The Navy says it expects a  delivery for the Ford.

DIED Veteran Major League Baseball umpire Wally Bell, , died of a heart attack on Oct. , five days after he worked the National League Division Series in St. Louis. Bell, who had quintuple bypass surgery in , complained of not feeling well and was scheduled to see a doctor later in the day. He became the first active MLB umpire to die since John McSherry collapsed on the field in Cincinnati in . Bell spent  years as a big league umpire and worked three All-Star Games and the  World Series. Stay connected: Sign up to receive email updates at worldmag.com/email

22 NEWS 3.indd 13

NOVEMBER 2, 2013 • WORLD



10/16/13 9:33 AM


Dispatches > News

Aid fade

The cutback in assistance to Egypt may reduce U.S. influence at a crucial time By J.C. derrick in Washington

>>

14 

W O RL D • N o v e m b e r 2 , 2 0 1 3

22 NEWS p14.indd 14

The administration said it wants to see more rapid movement toward democracy in Egypt, but those expectations may be unrealistic, according to Sebastian Gorka, a fellow at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies who was part of the delegation: “It’s clear the White House wanted a constitution yesterday and an election tomorrow,” he told me. “[Egyptian leaders] pleaded with us to please give them time to get it right.” The delegation met with, among others, Gen. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, head of the Egyptian military; Pope Tawadros II, leader of the Coptic Orthodox Church; and Amr Moussa, president of Egypt’s 50-member Constitutional Committee— which hopes to draft a new constitution by the end of October. Tawadros and other Egyptian Christian leaders are supportive of the interim government and attribute recent violence against Christians and churches to the Muslim Brotherhood. Sisi, a Muslim who attended the U.S. Army War College, saw his existing popularity reach new heights after the U.S. decision to cut aid, solidifying the view that America backs the Muslim Brotherhood—and terrorism. “The young people kept asking, ‘Why does the United States support terrorists?’” said retired U.S. Army Col. Kenneth Allard, a member of the delegation.

“They consider the Muslim Brotherhood terrorists.” The delegation said Egyptians still consider themselves friends of the American people, but they can’t figure out what the U.S. ­government is doing and why. For Gorka, the decision to scale back aid couldn’t have come at a worse time—as Egypt struggles to secure its borders and repel al-Qaeda– affiliated foreign fighters. U.S. support for counterterrorism operations in the Sinai Peninsula, where Egypt shares a border with Israel, will continue. Retired Maj. Gen. Paul Vallely, who coled the delegation, told me he’s planning a second trip he hopes will lend further U.S. support during Egypt’s transition. Some Israelis expressed concern that the U.S.-Egypt rift could give Egypt less reason to honor the Camp David Accords, but the two countries still maintain a strong common enemy in the Muslim Brotherhood. A more likely outcome is increased Russian influence in the region: Russia has already offered arms and sent high-level delegations to meet with Egyptian leaders. “Any inch Obama loses, another power will gain, and we will not mind,” an Egyptian official told The Jerusalem Post. A FRUSTRATED: Egyptians in Cairo protest the Obama administration’s response to the ouster of Morsi.

Tera Dahl

Israel and Egypt signed the Camp David Accords on March 26, 1979, in Washington, D.C., formally ending 31 years of war. The pact has kept the two nations from open conflict for the last 34 years, but it also meant Egypt switched sides: The oldest, largest, and most influential country in the Middle East turned its back on Iraq, Syria, and Libya, and helped the United States replace Russia as the power broker in the region. Many observers are concerned Egypt could flip sides again after the Obama administration in early October acknowledged it is suspending some military aid, including tanks, aircraft, missiles, and $260 million in cash. The United States already had been withholding support for the Egyptian military that ousted Mohamed Morsi in July, but many believe formally severing ties—even if only in part—could undermine U.S. influence and Middle East stability. “During this fragile period we should be rebuilding partnerships in Egypt that enhance our bilateral ­relationship, not undermining them,” said Democrat Eliot Engel, ranking member of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, adding that he’s “frustrated” with the administration’s refusal to consult Congress on its Egypt policy. The Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 prohibits the United States from sending aid to countries where a military coup has taken place, but the president can waive the exemption, as other presidents have done. Members of a recent U.S. delegation to Egypt argue the ­military assisted in a popular revolt— not a coup—in a country that had no impeachment mechanism.

Worldmag.com: Your online source for today’s news, Christian views 

10/16/13 9:41 AM


Biggest Audio Drama Project Since Narnia?

New Henty Audio Theater Awakens Your Child’s Love of Learning, History And Adventure! Give The Children In Your Life Timeless Stories Of Character, Courage And Commitment That Will Ignite A Lifetime Of Passion For Living Boldly In God’s World. Best Part: You Can Even Listen For FREE, If You Want

THOMSON Illinois— Albert Einstein once said, “Imagination is more important than knowledge.” And Napoleon said, “Imagination rules the world.” These were men of enormous accomplishment and lauded by many as geniuses. So, if they thought so much of the power of imagination, it must have some merit.

CREDIT

And if that’s the case, we as parents (and grandparents) have a real dilemma on our hands when it comes to our children’s future. Let Me Explain… Our children are living in a world that is increasingly bombarding them with visual imagery. And the effect of all this visual imagery (television, video games, online videos, et cetera) and all other kinds of imagebased “education” and entertainment really create a world that’s highly artificial. And this highly artificial world, quite literally… Shuts Down Their Imagination! And that’s a real problem, because, as The Wall Street Journal stated in an article titled, “The Power of Magical Thinking”… “Imagination is necessary for learning about people and events we don’t directly experience, such as history or events on the other side of the world. For young kids, it allows them to ponder the future, such as what they want to do when they grow up.” And our school system is not helping the situation at all. As one prominent educator put it, “… it is almost an indignity when schools are forced to stuff children full of facts without bowing to the greater good of creativity and the encouragement of imagination. It is by far the most overlooked part of a child’s education.” So What Can We (As Parents) Do To Protect Our Children From This Force-Fed, Brain-Numbing Visual Onslaught? That’s where a revolutionary form of audio learning (called audio theatre) comes in. Audio theatre—just like reading, but in a more fun, entertaining and engaging way—allows children to exercise and build their imagination by letting them create their own self-generated visual images and mental movies which… Are Then Played In The Theatre Of Their Mind! The audio theatre format lends itself to learning and thinking. This is especially true compared to video. And here’s why: Audio actually activates the left (or thinking) side of the brain. On the other hand, vivid visual stimulation by contrast shuts down a child’s ability to think and instead activates (through the right brain) the child’s pleasureseeking side. This is especially true of well-done, graphicallystrong visual stimulation where video does all the creative work for the child… Leaving NOTHING To The Imagination…And… NOTHING For The Brain To Do! Simply put, audio learning—in the audio theatre format—creates a whole different (better) type of brain chemistry. Hi, my name is Bill Heid. I run a medium-sized technology and information publishing company in the Midwest. I am, perhaps like you, a parent (and grandparent). And, over the last decade or so I have become increasingly concerned about where our

22 NEWS p14.indd 15

country (and the world) is headed in general… but specifically… as it relates to our children. So much so, over the past couple of years I undertook a project to help counter all the negative programming our kids are being bombarded with on a daily basis… especially the mind-numbing visual programming. Here’s what I did: I took a group of employees—including my son Nick—to London and reproduced G.A. Henty’s adventure book, Under Drake’s Flag: A Tale Of The Spanish Main in audio theatre format. I spared no expense in hiring some of the finest English actors… most of whom are in the Shakespearian theatre and movies over there. And, as a special treat, we were able to procure prominent British actor Brian Blessed as the narrator. Brian is a friend of the Queen and quite an adventurer in his own right. He has attempted to climb Mount Everest three times (without oxygen)… and… will make another attempt next year at 77-years-old! He is also the oldest man to trek to the North Magnetic pole on foot. So, it was a real treat to have him narrate one of the greatest adventure stories ever told. In addition, the production crew we hired was top notch… including… award-winning composer John Campbell who did the original score for C.S. Lewis’ The Chronicles of Narnia… which… is a classic of children’s literature that has sold over 100 million copies in 47 languages. We were very fortunate to have him score original music for this epic adventure story. But Who Is G.A. Henty? G.A. (George Alfred) Henty was a prolific English novelist and special correspondent (or what we now call a war correspondent). He wrote more than 120 novels and is best known for his historical adventure stories that were written for children. Popular in the late 19th century, they have regained a resurgence of popularity today among many homeschoolers and Christians. The reason being: Henty’s stories—through thought and deed—encourage children to cultivate and display the virtues of courage, bravery, honesty, adventure, resourcefulness, self-reliance, persistence, ambition, curiosity, compassion and more. All of which are positive traits a child needs in this ever-changing, highly-unpredictable world we live in today. And, the exact opposite of what they’re getting from our out-of-control, narcissistic or “me” culture being force-fed to them daily from nearly every conceivable source. And Why Choose Henty’s Under Drake’s Flag? Here are 6 good reasons why we chose this adventure book… Good Reason #1: Builds Moral Character — Under Drake’s Flag is an adventure that’s more than just fun... it’s a swashbuckling adventure that helps give kids life lessons that encourage making the right choices later on in life. Plus, it truly is rip roaring entertainment. Good Reason #2: Develops A Love Of History — Hidden in the adventure is a remarkable history lesson that’s exciting and extremely educational. It’s produced in a way that… Brings History To Life For Your Children In An Interesting And Fun Way! Your child will soak up this story, ask questions and want to know more about history. And, to help open up and facilitate communication between you and your child... a study guide is included.

Good Reason #3: Effective Learning Methodology — In Under Drake’s Flag, the lessons come by example and in story form. We all seem to learn best when lessons are presented in story form. And as any parent or teacher knows well, direct teaching and “lecturing” are far less effective. As an example: Jesus used parables to teach for a reason. And that reason is, the lessons become extremely “sticky” when they’re about someone else. In Drake’s adventure there are truths your child will pick up naturally and effortlessly because they are woven seamlessly into the narrative. Good Reason #4: Develops Self-Reliance In Your Children — If you learn anything by reading G.A. Henty’s story it’s that you need to become selfreliant and able to take care of yourself if you are to get anywhere in life. Even more: If you are going to help others you must do it from a position of strength. (You can’t help someone out with money if you’re bankrupt yourself.) In a world where the majority wants something for nothing, Henty encourages our children to have patience, perseverance… and… to go the extra mile. Good Reason #5: Because It’s Hard To Raise Children Today — In terms of raising kids, today’s culture is a nightmare. Your child receives—literally— thousands of messages every day in all sorts of media forms encouraging them to take the low-road. Under Drake’s Flag can serve as a dose of “mental health food” in a world where toxic, “mental junk food” is the norm. We as parents (and grandparents) are really engaged in a daily battle for the hearts and minds of our children. Good Reason #6: Time Is Limited To “The Critical Years.” You’ve only got so much time to affect your child’s character. Kids grow up and go their own way very quickly. God has given us parents “stewardship” over our kids and, as such, expects us to “train our children up in the way that they should go.” Listen To The First Chapter ABSOLUTELY FREE! Look, I’m running out of space here to give you all the details. So, to get the full story and listen to the first chapter of Under Drake’s Flag absolutely free, please go to the website below now:

www.HentyAlive.com

One last thing. It’s important: Probably the thing that really makes the Under Drake’s Flag audio drama “go over the top” is the study guide. We designed it for busy parents who really want to engage their children with great ideas and thought provoking discussions. The guide, (really a mini curriculum) provides the opportunity for a lot of “back and forth” conversations which will be as much fun for you as it will be for your kids.

10/14/13 5:02 PM


Dispatches > Quotables

‘$178 million’ The amount of money the U.S. STATE DEPARTMENT is spending on an embassy compound under construction in Architectural rendering Benin in West Africa. The department is also planning to spend  million to build a new embassy compound in the Islamic Republic of Mauritania.

‘I needed a little more time to fully run the show into the ground.’

‘I can walk and chew gum at the same time.’ CHRIS CHRISTIE, governor of New Jersey, in response to a question about whether he might run for president in , which if he wins reelection could fall in the midst of his second term as governor.



WORLD • NOVEMBER 2, 2013

22 QUOTABLES.indd 16

Talk show host LETTERMAN, DAVID LETTERMAN , on CBS’ extension of his contract for his late-night show through . Letterman has been with CBS for  years.

‘This is excruciatingly embarrassing for the White House and the Department of Health and Human Services. … I hope they fire some people that were in charge of making sure this thing was supposed to work.’ ROBERT GIBBS, former press secretary for President Obama, on the bungled rollout of Obamacare in early October.

CHRISTIE: MEL EVANS/AP • SANGER: BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI/GETTY IMAGES • EMBASSY: YOST GRUBE HALL ARCHITECTURE • LETTERMAN: JOHN PAUL FILO/CBS/AP • GIBBS: WILLIAM B. PLOWMAN/NBC/AP

DAVID SANGER, veteran Washington reporter for The New York Times, on the Obama administration’s lack of transparency and crackdown against some government officials who speak to the press. Washington Post reporter Dana Priest told the Committee to Protect Journalists: “People think they’re looking at reporters’ records. I’m writing fewer things in e-mail. I’m even afraid to tell officials what I want to talk about because it’s all going into one giant computer.”

Download WORLD’s iPad app today; details at worldmag.com/iPad

10/15/13 3:56 PM

CREDIT

‘This is the most closed, control-freak administration I’ve ever covered.’


CREDIT

Christie: Mel Evans/ap • Sanger: Brendan Smialowski/Getty Images • embassy: Yost Grube Hall Architecture • Letterman: John Paul Filo/cbs/ap • gibbs: William B. Plowman/nbc/ap

10/15/13 1:34 PM

22 QUOTABLES.indd 17


Dispatches > Quick Takes Big wheels keep on turning

Getting his goats First they came for the Washington Monument. Then for the Lincoln Memorial and national parks. Finally, it was the goats’ turn. A herd of goats employed to munch away poison ivy in Gateway National Recreation Area in Sandy Hook, N.J., was whisked back to their home in Upstate New York because the partial government shutdown threatened to leave the bleating animals unattended. Herd owner Larry Cihanek said he made the decision to pull the animals out before the park closure to ensure he wouldn’t get cut off from his animals.

Ahead of an Oct. 1 national holiday, Chinese tourism officials posted a decorum guide for inexperienced Chinese tourists heading away from home for the first time. According to the 64-page Guidebook for Civilized Tourism, Chinese tourists should refrain from picking their noses in public, urinating on the local flora, and stealing airplane life jackets. Officials with the National Tourism Administration warned against these practices and others in order to combat China’s reputation of generating uncivilized tourists.

Too big to mail At long last, the tall culinary nightmare is over. Police in Statesboro, Ga., located a 7-foot fork that had gone missing and was presumed stolen. The giant fork, an emblem of JEJ Tax Specialists, had gone missing in August. Police assumed the fork had been stolen. But whoever took the landmark, which the tax preparers used in local advertising (“Look for the fork in the road”), apparently grew tired of it. Authorities spotted the utensil leaning against a utility pole in another part of town on Oct. 9. Due to the large size of the steel landmark, officers were forced to return it in a truck when it didn’t fit into a patrol car.

18 

WORLD • November 2, 2013

22 QUICK TAKES.indd 18

Big dig Armed with only a pocketknife and the will to live, one Australian grandfather was able to dig his way to safety on Oct. 1 after a heavy piece of farm equipment collapsed on him, trapping his leg. Barry Lynch, 54, was trapped for more than six hours after a crop sprayer attached to his tractor tumbled over and pinned his leg to the ground under the weight of a chemical tank weighing several tons. After taking a cigarette break, the Queensland native began ­digging through the hard ground to try and save his injured leg. “It was just getting bigger and bigger and blacker and blacker until I could feel my skin cracking,” Lynch told the Courier-Mail. After hours of digging, Lynch was able to free himself and crawl to his cellphone to call in help.

Schiller: MIKE SEGAR/Reuters/Landov • goats: Mel Evans/ap • Guidebook: Chinese National Tourism Administration • Lynch: handout

Rules for the road

Worldmag.com: Your online source for today’s news, Christian views 

10/15/13 3:08 PM

Illustration: krieg barrie • red box: handout • nuts: handout • advertisement: handout • stamps: Let’s Move • Clarke: handout

If Judah Schiller’s idea catches on, the port authority may have to set up bike lanes on the Hudson River. That’s because on Oct. 3, Schiller tested his prototype bicycle boat to traverse the Hudson. Launching from Pier 13 in Hoboken, N.J., Schiller pedaled a pontoon bike contraption across the mile-wide river and docked at Pier 66 in Manhattan. “This may be a way to get people to jobs, get people across waterways, and around traffic jams,” Schiller told New Jersey On-Line. “It’s cheap. It’s easy and it’s human powered so it doesn’t burn anything.” Except calories. And cash, too. It cost Schiller $1,500 for pontoons, a frame, and special equipment to connect his pedals to a propeller and his steering to a rudder.


  Citing numerous fights that had broken out after high-school sporting events, the commissioner of the Kentucky High School Athletic Association advised schools to halt the practice of shaking hands after games. The Oct.  missive was met with derision by local pols. Kentucky House Minority Leader Jeff Hoover called the directive a “clear sign of stupidity” on his Facebook page and called for the immediate firing of Commissioner Julian Tackett. For his part, Tackett clarified the KHSAA’s position, that postgame handshakes—while not advised—could continue with proper adult supervision.

 ’  Police in Ireland have a message for thieves who pilfered a red box containing what could be confused for scrap metal. Return the items— and quickly—for your own good. According to police, the box that was stolen during a recent burglary in County Dublin contains radioactive materials. It may look like aluminum or steel, but the booty is actually lightning preventers that could make the offending thieves very sick.

ILLUSTRATION: KRIEG BARRIE • RED BOX: HANDOUT • NUTS: HANDOUT • ADVERTISEMENT: HANDOUT • STAMPS: LET’S MOVE • CLARKE: HANDOUT

SCHILLER: MIKE SEGAR/REUTERS/LANDOV • GOATS: MEL EVANS/AP • GUIDEBOOK: CHINESE NATIONAL TOURISM ADMINISTRATION • LYNCH: HANDOUT

   Finally, something nut connoisseurs and fake meat lovers can agree on: the Spam-flavored macadamia nut. Once available only in Hawaii, brave nut eaters can now order Spam-flavored nuts from the Hamakua Macadamia Nut Company website or through Amazon.com. According to company officials, though, there are no actual meat products used in the nut. Rather, the company uses a Hormel seasoning blend to Spam up the macadamias. According to Hamakua president Richard Schnitzler, the distinctive nuts sell well enough in Hawaii. “Spam has a cult following in Hawaii and so it seemed like a good idea,” Schnitzler told the L.A. Times.

   Safety-conscious bureaucrats have pulled the plug on a new line of Postal Service stamps. The stamp line, part of First Lady Michelle Obama’s Let’s Move campaign, depicted children doing all sorts of activities. According to Linn’s Stamp News, a collectors magazine, the President’s Council on Fitness, Sports and Nutrition asked the USPS to stop the presses after reviewing the stamps. At issue were three stamps in particular: One featuring a child doing a cannonball, one depicting a boy doing a headstand without a helmet, and one portraying a skateboarder without kneepads. All three were deemed unsafe, and, according to Linn’s, the press run for the forever stamps could be delayed indefinitely.

  When State District Judge Hugh Clarke Jr. says no cellphones in the courtroom, he means it. Even if it means holding himself in contempt of court. So when the Michigan judge’s cellphone unexpectedly rang during the sentencing phase of a trial, Clarke assessed himself a  fine, reached into his wallet, and paid his bailiff on the spot. “I’m not above the law,” Judge Clarke told The Wall Street Journal. “We operate by laws and rules, and people have to follow them.”

NOVEMBER 2, 2013 • WORLD

22 QUICK TAKES.indd 19



10/15/13 3:08 PM


Janie B. Cheaney

Science supremacists

An aggressive scientism seeks to take charge of spheres well beyond science’s expertise

>>



WORLD • NOVEMBER 2, 2013

22 CHEANEY.indd 20

defined as “the theory that investigative methods used in the natural sciences should be applied to all forms of inquiry.” The scientific method succeeded so brilliantly because it knew its limits and focused on that which could be quantified. To imply that everything can be quantified is a gigantic non sequitur. ) He carelessly dismisses other forms of knowledge—faith, revelation, experience—as “generators of error.” Science, he admits, may be subject to error but self-corrects in time, while all other ways of knowing never escape their human biases. ) Similarly, he rejects any nonscientific examinations into morality and meaning. “The moral worldview of any scientifically literate person—one who is not blinkered by fundamentalism—requires a radical break from religious conceptions of meaning and value.” ) He uses criteria to judge the effects of religious belief (witch hunts, inquisitions, persecution of heretics) that he refuses to apply to the effects of scientific atheism (eugenics, social Darwinism, totalitarianism— also persecution of intelligent-design heretics). The implication, of elephant-in-the-room magnitude, is that Pinker is not merely asking to be admitted to the humanities table—he’s demanding the chairman’s seat. In a long, breathtaking paragraph, he asserts “We know” a number of facts we actually don’t know, but only assume if the God hypothesis has been proven false. Which it hasn’t. Theism and atheism are both assumptions that cannot be proved scientifically, because the necessary evidence lies outside science. No matter: To Pinker, empirical knowledge trumps all other forms of knowledge. Neurology, he implies, holds the key to finally understanding the human “soul”—even though there’s no such thing. He offers no moral justification for science involving itself in art, history, philosophy, et al., except that “humanity must take responsibility for itself” in order to “maximize the flourishing of humans and other sentient beings.” For this grand, if vague, task science can provide the answers and settle disagreements about methodology. Cognitive psychology, linguistics, behavioral genetics, and data mining offer the humanities a way to take apart the machine and understand better how it works. But understanding how doesn’t explain why, and once the machine is thoroughly dismantled, science can’t put it back together. Politically and socially, this spells disaster. Spiritually, it is death. A

NICK CUNARD/WRITER PICTURES/AP

T’     in the pages of The New Republic. Over the last couple of months, evolutionary psychologist Steven Pinker has been duking it out with Leon Wieseltier, literary editor of the magazine, over two great human endeavors: In this corner: “Science,” with a string of obvious successes that directly benefit mankind, as well as ultimate weapons, like the atomic bomb, responsible for the death of millions. And in that corner, “the Humanities,” once the cornerstone of the university system, now damaged by trendy social theories and political correctness, whose actual benefits to humanity are subtle. At a cursory glance, it would seem that the deck is stacked in favor of science. STEM degrees (majors in science, technology, engineering, and math) generally promise the highest salaries and greatest job security. And though public faith in science is not what it used to be, back in the days of eugenics and “better living through chemistry,” the erosion of objective truth has landed science in the default position for determining what is factual. Nevertheless, Steven Pinker seems hurt. Scientists may be sitting pretty, but the discipline has been accused— unjustly, in his view—of taking too much on itself. Advocates for the humanities are writing journal pieces about “something called ‘scientism’” and insisting that science should know its place. To the contrary, Pinker says: science is “indispensable in all areas of human concern, including politics, the arts, and the search for meaning, purpose, and morality.” All these areas established themselves long before the scientific revolution, a fact Pinker does not acknowledge. In his opening salvo, titled “Science Is Not Your Enemy,” his case that science is a trustworthy partner to the humanities is riddled with unproven assumptions. Such as: ) Pinker explicitly rejects scientism, while demonstrating it. In my dictionary, the word is

Email: jcheaney@worldmag.com

10/11/13 10:01 AM


Understanding Calculus II: Problems, Solutions, and Tips

R2

off

BE

70%

ER

lecture titles

R

OR D

university of florida

IM ED T E OF IT

FE

LIM

Taught by Professor Bruce H. Edwards

BY D E C E M

Learn How to Master Calculus II Calculus is one of the most powerful mathematical tools ever invented—but it can be a challenge to learn without the right teacher. Luckily, there’s Professor Bruce H. Edwards of the University of Florida and Understanding Calculus II.

Nick Cunard/Writer Pictures/ap

Many calculus students give up trying to understand why a particular procedure works and resort to memorizing the steps to a solution. With Professor Edwards—an award-winning educator and coauthor of a best-selling series of calculus textbooks—the underlying concepts are always crystal clear. These 36 lectures are filled with study tips, pitfalls to avoid, and hundreds of examples and practice problems designed to reinforce the key concepts you’ll need to grasp all the major topics found in a second-year high school calculus course at the College Board Advanced Placement BC level or a second-semester course in college.

Offer expires 12/02/13

1-800-832-2412

www.thegreatcourses.com/3wm

22 CHEANEY.indd 21

1. Basic Functions of Calculus and Limits 2. Differentiation Warm-Up 3. Integration Warm-Up 4. Differential Equations—Growth and Decay 5. Applications of Differential Equations 6. Linear Differential Equations 7. Areas and Volumes 8. Arc Length, Surface Area, and Work 9. Moments, Centers of Mass, and Centroids 10. Integration by Parts 11. Trigonometric Integrals 12. Integration by Trigonometric Substitution 13. Integration by Partial Fractions 14. Indeterminate Forms and L’Hôpital’s Rule 15. Improper Integrals 16. Sequences and Limits 17. Infinite Series—Geometric Series 18. Series, Divergence, and the Cantor Set 19. Integral Test—Harmonic Series, p-Series 20. The Comparison Tests 21. Alternating Series 22. The Ratio and Root Tests 23. Taylor Polynomials and Approximations 24. Power Series and Intervals of Convergence 25. Representation of Functions by Power Series 26. Taylor and Maclaurin Series 27. Parabolas, Ellipses, and Hyperbolas 28. Parametric Equations and the Cycloid 29. Polar Coordinates and the Cardioid 30. Area and Arc Length in Polar Coordinates 31. Vectors in the Plane 32. The Dot Product of Two Vectors 33. Vector-Valued Functions 34. Velocity and Acceleration 35. Acceleration’s Tangent and Normal Vectors 36. Curvature and the Maximum Bend of a Curve

Understanding Calculus II: Problems, Solutions, and Tips

Course no. 1018 | 36 lectures (30 minutes/lecture)

SAVE $175 DVD $254.95‰NOW $79.95

+$15 Shipping, Processing, and Lifetime Satisfaction Guarantee

Priority Code: 77903

Designed to meet the demand for lifelong learning, The Great Courses is a highly popular series of audio and video lectures led by top professors and experts. Each of our more than 450 courses is an intellectually engaging experience that will change how you think about the world. Since 1990, over 14 million courses have been sold.

10/14/13 1:37 PM


Vote

Hope Award Basketball has its final four, and WORLD’s Hope Award for Effective Compassion now has a final five for 2013: East, Midwest, South, and West regional winners, plus an international finalist. Please visit worldmag.com/compassion/2013, learn about each Christian poverty-fighting ministry, and then vote for the one that impresses you the most. Four of the five will receive checks for $4,000 each. The one that receives the most votes will receive a $25,000 check. Voting ends Oct. 31.

Write

Amy Writing Awards WORLD’s Amy Foundation Writing Awards program offers an annual first prize of $10,000, plus 14 other awards that offer a total of $24,000 more. The Awards recognize creative, skillful journalism that applies biblical principles to stories about issues and lives. The goal is for non-Christian readers to see the relevance of biblical truth and for Christian readers to become disciples. For more information, go to wng.org/amyawards. Deadline is Jan. 15, 2014.

Intern 22 Movies & TV.indd 22

Steve Sands/Getty Images

World Journalism Institute These days journalism students have a hard time gaining paid internships, and Christian journalism students have a hard time learning to write biblically. The World Journalism Institute offers teaching plus cash. Our college-level course during the second half of May gives 14 students the opportunity to learn and prove themselves. Ten—five with WORLD, five with secular newspapers— received $3,000-$6,000 internships last summer. For more information, go to worldji.com/programs/view/60.

10/14/13 4:52 PM


Reviews Movies  TV > Books > QA  > Music A

Reading Red TELEVISION: The Blacklist has the character development and story arc to make it a hit for NBC BY MEGAN BASHAM

STEVE SANDS/GETTY IMAGES

>>

I   O.. Television executives anxiously pore over Nielsen ratings, and a few short days or weeks later the streets of Hollywood run red with the blood of new series, unceremoniously axed before they’re even halfway through their first seasons. Unlike cable networks, which, thanks to subscription revenue, can take their time building an audience, the broadcast field is so advertiserdependent most rookie shows have only two or three episodes to prove themselves. Among the increasingly small number of survivors and thrivers in the  television season, NBC’s The Blacklist has emerged as the biggest winner, ranking as the highest-rated new drama of the fall (though Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. is giving it a run for its money). There’s good reason for the show’s success as The Blacklist writers have so far managed to incorporate the best of both television worlds—the ongoing character development and long-term story arcs of cable with the satisfying, self-contained conclusions of network. The show’s killer, high-suspense concept doesn’t hurt either. During criminal profiler Liz Keene’s first day on the job, the FBI’s fourth most wanted man walks into agency headquarters and turns himself in. Former CIA spy Raymond “Red” Reddington (James Spader) has been on the run for  years, selling national secrets to America’s enemies. But, he announces in that sly way only Spader can, he’s ready to turn traitor again and help the U.S. government capture or kill all his terrorist associates—if, that is, the FBI will allow him to work with Agent Keene (Megan Boone). Keene’s boss, Harold Cooper (Henry Lennix), has a long history with Red and is certain the agency’s being set up, but unwilling to forgo such a ripe opportunity, he agrees to Red’s condition, and the odd-couple police work begins.

Email: mbasham@worldmag.com

22 Movies & TV.indd 23

IN THE BLACK: Megan Boone as Liz Keene and James Spader as Raymond “Red” Reddington.

NOVEMBER 2, 2013 • WORLD



10/16/13 11:57 AM


Reviews > Movies & TV

MOVIE

I’m in Love with a Church Girl

achieve his ends, he’s not perverse or sadistic. The    Blacklist may have a few bloody moments in its first few episodes, I’  L   C G has all the elements including a of an entertaining movie: blazing guns, beautiful faces, broken femur drugs and alcohol, love and death—but without the gore, and a severed the bad language, and the sex. That’s because the real drama Spader and Boone hand, but as is main character Miles Montego’s born-again experience: of the time of from ex-drug dealer to straight citizen, sin to repentance. this review, it forgoes any Writer and executive producer Galley Molina could have If The Blacklist bears a brain eating, intestine glamorized the thug life. He has the cast for it after all. Jeff striking resemblance to the removing, or other excesAtkins, better known as rapper Ja Rule, stars as Miles, and setup of The Silence of the sively gross gore currently Adrienne Bailon, of Cheetah Girls fame, co-stars as Vanessa Lambs, the nature of common on television. It Leon, the titular “church girl” who leads Miles to salvation. Raymond and Liz’s relationdoesn’t, of course, forgo But the film rather focuses on Miles’ gradual transformation ship quickly veers into the typical mild language from drug lord to church pastor—just as Molina’s own life deeper territory, with hints we’ve come to expect from played out. that Raymond didn’t choose network prime time, The FBI agent investigating Miles describes him perfectly: Liz simply for her lovely looks though it did seem slightly “He’s smart, rich, and good-looking, but I don’t think I’d and top-of-her-Quanticoless obtrusive than it does want to marry him off to my daughter.” Vanessa’s mother class smarts. What’s more, on other shows. senses it instinctively the moment she meets him. “So ... while a delightfully enterThe one wrench in the what church do you go to?” she asks him, eyes narrowed taining Spader offers up machine is that terrorismand arms folded. plenty of smirking onerelated series like  and Despite Molina’s intimacy with the story, the characters liners as a criminal masterHomeland have become so fall a bit flat—most disappointingly, Vanessa, though not mind, his performance also sophisticated and Americans for the lack of Bailon’s acting talent. The woman who won hints at a yearning to come so necessarily educated on and turned an ex-trafficker’s heart to Christ deserves a in from the cold fringes of the inner workings of better script, but Vanessa is a “church girl” without much society and right the wrongs counterterrorism agencies spiritual or character depth. She is the clichéd girlfriend of his past. In contrast to that some of Spader’s swagwho drags her boyfriend around shopping and gives the recent crop of popular gering manipulations push female rivals ostentatious look-downs. dramas that center on antipast the bounds of But Church Girl (rated heroes gleefully falling believability. Twenty PG) wraps up with a battle further and further into the years ago audiences scene—Miles storms into mire of corruption, Red might have bought church and stands knuckleappears to be trying to climb     . - that a crew of kidfisted before a giant mosaic back out. Whether his efforts according to Box Office Mojo nappers could blow of Jesus praying on the are fueled by a sincere desire CAUTIONS: Quantity of sexual (S), violent up a bridge in the Mount of Olives—that’s for redemption or a nefari(V), and foul-language (L) content on a - capital and boat wholly satisfying. ous long con game remains scale, with  high, from kids-in-mind.com away in a yellow There’s just enough to be seen and is a large part S V L dingy in broad “new believer” humor in of the fun of the show. 1 Gravity* PG-13 ...........................    ` daylight. Today, Church Girl to bring a The Blacklist is also a 2 Captain Phillips* PG-13 .........    ` we’re less likely to smile to any Christian who welcome divergence from 3 ` Cloudy with a Chance accept a Keystone has been there before, as the darker trend of shows of Meatballs 2* PG .................    FBI. A politically well as questions and like Criminal Minds, Dexter, 4 Machete Kills R ........................    ` 5 Runner Runner R ....................   restrained FBI, doubts that any sinner The Following, and Hannibal. ` 6 Prisoners R ................................    maybe. But not a needs to go through before While Spader’s character is ` 7 Insidious Chapter 2 PG-13 ...    hopelessly incompeunderstanding the full self-serving and certainly ` 8 Rush* R ........................................   tent one. A magnanimity of grace. willing to dirty his hands to ` 9 Don Jon R ....................................   ` 10 Baggage Claim PG-13 ............   `



WORLD • NOVEMBER 2, 2013

22 Movies & TV.indd 24

I’M IN LOVE WITH A CHURCH GIRL: REVERENCE GOSPEL MEDIA • THE BLACKLIST: WILL HART/NBC

BOX OFFICE TOP 10

*Reviewed by WORLD

10/16/13 12:02 PM

CAPTAIN PHILLIPS: COLUMBIA PICTURES • 12 YEARS A SLAVE: FOX SEARCHLIGHT PICTURES

>>


MOVIE

Captain Phillips by Emily Whitten

I’m in Love with a Church Girl: Reverence Gospel Media • The Blacklist: Will Hart/NBC

Captain Phillips: Columbia Pictures • 12 Years a Slave: Fox Searchlight Pictures

>>

As Captain Phillips (Tom Hanks) boards his massive cargo liner stacked with Maersk freight and climbs to his cabin, he halfheartedly checks several gate locks. Some gates are open, and even when closed, they rattle like tinny high-school lockers. With a recent piracy warning for the waters off Somalia he’s about to travel, Cap warns his first mate: The gates must stay locked at all times. That’s just one of several measures—including testing water hoses and running an emergency drill—Cap takes to ensure the safety of his vessel. But as the screen cuts to Somali pirates, eyes wide in a drug-induced hysteria, shouting orders and loading boats with AK-47s, already the Captain’s measures feel woefully inadequate. Soon, the pirates locate Phillips’ boat using a crude sonar system, and the hunt begins. By the time the pirates’ leader—a self-described businessman named Muse intending to collect a million dollar “tax” for Westerners’ use of their waters—boards Captain Phillips’ ship, the pirates easily shoot open the locks, rush the pilothouse, and take Phillips and several others hostage. From this point, director Paul Greengrass (United 93, Bourne Supremacy) masterfully employs hand-held camera shots and heart-pounding action as a match of wits unfolds between Muse, Captain Phillips, and their men. Based on the true story of Captain Richard Phillips’ kidnapping in 2009, Greengrass here presents three-dimensional villains and vulnerable heroes. While drug use and occasional bloody violence earn the film a PG-13 rating, both are used tactfully in the service of the story. In a moment when real-life African violence has escalated, Captain Phillips dramatically portrays the cost of Western apathy and half measures toward lawlessness. Shoddy locks, tinny gates, and men armed with water hoses against AK-47s belie a suicidal attitude toward the forces of chaos just over the horizon. But in Tom Hanks’ outstanding performance as Captain Phillips, we also see the empathy and courage that make American society— with all its faults—still worth protecting.

See all our movie reviews at worldmag.com/movies

22 Movies & TV.indd 25

MOVIE

12 Years a Slave by Emily Belz

>>

Solomon Northup, the central figure in 12 Years a Slave, was a real person, a freedman of New York who was kidnapped while on a business trip to Washington, D.C., and sold into slavery. Northup recounted the experience in his book, 12 Years a Slave, published in 1853. His real life story is almost more incredible than this new film can contain. The story centers on Northup’s slavery, and the acting is sure to vacuum up awards, chiefly Chiwetel Ejiofor’s portrayal of Northup. The film (rated R for violence/­cruelty, some nudity, and brief sexuality) is excruciatingly graphic and violent; unrelenting abuse after abuse after abuse. We see lynchings, rape, and many beatings. We see how much African-Americans have forgiven and also the echoes of that abuse: the families torn apart, the prison bars, the enforced illiteracy. Many slave owners take possession of Northup, almost too many to track. Edwin Epps (Michael Fassbender) is one who takes center stage, the embodiment of cruelty. He rapes one slave regularly and beats the rest mercilessly, almost to death. But the film is adept in showing the line between good and evil cutting through every human heart. One slave owner (Benedict Cumberbatch) tries to be kind to his slaves, and another white man (Brad Pitt) tells Epps he will face judgment for the injustice of owning slaves. And then Northup finds himself compromising his own values in order to survive, once in a jarring sex scene at the opening and again when he whips a fellow slave. As I was leaving the screening, I overheard a woman describe the movie as “gratuitous” and “heavy handed.” I discussed this assessment with my friend who saw the film with me. She brought up The Passion of the Christ, which some considered gratuitously violent but which she considered appropriate for the subject material. Twelve Years is shatteringly awful, over the top in certain scenes, but the starkest depiction I’ve ever seen of the evil of slavery.

N o v e m b e r 2 , 2 0 1 3 • W O R L D 

25

10/16/13 12:03 PM


Reviews > Books

Recoveries, crises, and falls Three books about evangelicals and intellectualism BY MARVIN OLASKY

>>

T   have as a crucial figure Carl Henry, the Christianity Today editor who wrote columns for WORLD in the early s. Gregory Thornbury, in Recovering Classic Evangelicalism: Applying the Wisdom and Vision of Carl F.H. Henry (Crossway, ), lists some intellectual defections from Protestantism but doesn’t think the solution is to give up distinctives. Instead, he says “evangelicals must remind themselves of the glorious advances that were secured as a result of the Reformation and its heirs. Our shortcomings are often the result of an abandonment of the presuppositions that once made evangelicalism great.” Thornbury, who recently became president of The King’s College in New York City, also doesn’t seem ready to appease Darwinists: He sees that “abandoning the notion of Adam and Eve as historical persons … has massive ramifications for soteriology and the entire system of theology.” He quotes Carl Henry’s comment about the “disintegration” that begins in “a society that refers origins to evolution, conscience to culture, nature and history to happenstance.” Henry in his 

Rutherford Lectures showed that every view of reality is based on theological assumptions, and Thornbury says he has become skeptical about “the persuasive power of natural law in matters related to public square issues”: Thornbury wryly concludes, “As long as you bear the stigmata of being a Christian … you might just as well go ahead and cite Scripture passages in support of your position while you’re at it.” Recovering Classic Evangelicalism displays an author’s caring involvement in the controversies he describes. In contrast, Molly Worthen’s Apostles of Reason: The Crisis of Authority in American Evangelicalism (Oxford, ), reads more like a smart but supercilious author’s trip to the zoo. Carl Henry keeps popping back unhappily into this intellectual history of a frequently anti-intellectual (yet not anti-intellect) movement, but Francis Schaeffer comes off the worst. Worthen calls him a “brilliant demagogue” and demeans him as merely “a brazen editor of history” who offered a “hamfisted

Carl Henry

caricature of history [filled with] exaggerations, oversimplification, and misinformation.” The horror is even greater: Schaeffer had the unfortunate habit of drawing a “foreboding graphic on the blackboard at every opportunity.” Benjamin Ginsberg’s The Fall of the Faculty (Oxford, ) has as its subtitle The Rise of the All-Administrative University and Why It Matters—but it leaves me Matters wondering why it does matter. Since so many professors are propagandistic and so many administrators are annoying, don’t they deserve each other? Ginsberg does offer good information in his chapter on “The Realpolitik of Race and Gender,” showing how the “moral imperatives” of the professoriate give administrators the opportunity to grab hiring decisions from the faculty by forging “tactical alliances with representatives of minority groups.” But neither Worthen nor Ginsberg apparently grasps how corrupt academia has become. Both Carl Henry and Francis Schaeffer did.

WORLD • NOVEMBER 2, 2013

22 BOOKS.indd 26

BILLY GRAHAM CENTER ARCHIVES



Email: molasky@worldmag.com

10/16/13 10:39 AM

HANDOUT

Faith and medicine

If we focus only on the problems of Obamacare, we miss what Christopher Bogosh has to teach us about modern medicine in his short yet thoughtful Compassionate Jesus (Reformation Heritage, ). Bogosh notes, “According to modern medicine, religion or spirituality is merely the handmaiden … beliefs may help you cope with your medical problems and provide a sense of hope when all else fails, but real hope is found in the healing that modern medical science provides now.” The problem, though, is that “treatment can be destructive, prolonging life may intensify suffering, and the hope it offers is limited.” We should be aware of how, when we’re ill, “Satan will attempt to create doubt and despair.” Our response: “While it is not wrong to pray for physical healing, the focus of our prayers … should be on spiritual restoration in Christ.” When death looms, “We are to pray that we will be able to persevere without fear.” When churches have healing services, they shouldn’t fall into materialism: “It is wonderful to see a sick person healed physically, whether by miracle or medical treatment, but it is equally praiseworthy to see a person persevere under affliction and die in the Lord with no curative treatment.” —M.O.


NOTABLE BOOKS

SPOTLIGHT

Four nonfiction books about elements of American culture > reviewed by  

Provence, 1970: M.F.K. Fisher, Julia Child, James Beard, and the Reinvention of American Taste Luke Barr In  Julia Child was already a TV star, James Beard was writing cookbooks, and M.F.K Fisher discoursed about food, but they reached only a well-educated sliver of Americans. Using his great-aunt’s notes and letters, Luke Barr brings to life these important characters in America’s food history, highlighting a Christmas they spent together in i Provence in . The three comrades/competitors had prickly relationships with each other but were on the same road toward a uniquely American food culture. United by their growing impatience with formal French cooking, they planted the seeds for the local food movement. Although the book is about food primarily, it touches on other political movements of that time, making it an interesting cultural history.

Chickens in the Road Suzanne McMinn After a divorce, Suzanne McMinn moves with her three kids to rural West Virginia, where she spent happy summers as a child. At first they live in an old family house dubbed the Slanted Little House. She starts raising chickens and keeping a blog about her adventures in sustainable living. The book describes in amusing detail the travails of raising animals—chickens, goats, and cows—along with baking and preserving. McMinn pulls readers along as she learns how to do things her suburban upbringing didn’t teach her. She buys property and builds a house with a man she calls , but that relationship deteriorates and threatens all she’s building. Caution: some bad language. Bringing up Bébé Pamela Druckerman Pamela Druckerman, a former reporter for The Wall Street Journal, marries and moves to Paris with her British husband. When she becomes pregnant, she notices differences between the way French parents raise children and the way her Manhattan and U.S. friends do it. Her entertaining account combines personal stories with in-depth reporting on French parenting culture. Although she observed and interviewed professional people in Paris, Druckerman reports that similar parenting principles hold sway throughout the country. They harken back to the way Americans used to parent: teaching children how to wait and entertain themselves, to respect parental authority, and to understand they aren’t the center of the universe.

BILLY GRAHAM CENTER ARCHIVES

HANDOUT

Going Solo Eric Klinenberg NYU professor Klinenberg looks at what he calls a remarkable social experiment: For the first time in human history, “great numbers of people—at all ages, in all places, of every political persuasion—have begun settling down as singletons.” The trend has many causes, including late marriage, divorce, and an aging population. Klinenberg’s research includes interviews with singletons at various stages of life and highlights their challenges, which are most acute for the poor and infirm. Technology ameliorates some of the isolation, but Klinenberg argues for more robust public policies and offers Sweden as an example. How are Christians to think about this trend? Is it here to stay, as Klinenberg suggests? Klinenberg’s book provides important data even if you disagree with his conclusions.

To see more book news and reviews, go to worldmag.com/books

22 BOOKS.indd 27

In Detroit: An American Autopsy (Penguin, ), Pulitzer Prizewinning reporter Charlie LeDuff describes moving back to his hometown to write for the city’s second-string newspaper. He weaves in his own tale with the crime and corruption stories that became his beat. His stories of mourning mothers, corrupt judges, and ill-supplied cops and firemen bristle with anger, which has a corrosive effect on him. The book doesn’t pretend to paint a full picture of Detroit; it shows the dangerous and cruel underside of a city that many of its leaders betrayed. If it was a movie, it would be rated R for language. In The Exact Place (Kalos Press, ), Margie Haack describes growing up poor on a farm in northern Minnesota in the s. There Haack and her mother, stepfather, and five siblings lived in a three-room house lacking indoor plumbing. She writes about fights with her brother and small acts of disobedience that brought painful consequences. Her memoir shows how God made Himself known to her even in a wild and unforgiving place. —S.O.

NOVEMBER 2, 2013 • WORLD



10/11/13 10:07 AM


Reviews > Q&A

Under conviction On and off the campaign trail, pastor E.W. JACKSON is unabashed about his Christian beliefs and standing up for the truth BY MARVIN OLASKY

>>



“Well, we’ll see about that.” One of the things that concerns me is this victimization mindset that makes people feel incapable, handicapped— “the world is against you, there’s systemic racism, they won’t let you.” We ought to be telling people, “Sure there are obstacles, and race could be one of them, but the question is, what are you going to do with your life?” Harvard accepted you. I did very well on the LSAT. When I graduated, you can imagine what it was like for my dad, who was a third-class welder in a shipyard with a sixth-grade education, to see his son get a Harvard Law degree. I give the credit to him and to the Lord for allowing that to happen. Why are your political views so different from those of President Obama and many other graduates of Harvard Law? I gave my life to Jesus Christ after the first semester of my second year. When I came back, I was a very different person. That helped me to see through a lot of what I was being told. How did that conversion happen? My dad got saved in his early s. He said to me one day, “I’m reading the Bible from cover to cover.” I thought, “That’s interesting. The Bible is one of the great books. I’m going to do that. If it comes up at cocktail parties I’ll be able to comment intelligently on it.” Little did I know: I got in the

middle of it, and I came under conviction—conviction. … I still get emotional about it because all my life I’d been looking for answers, looking for the truth. Externally, your life was going well. I found out you could look good on the outside. People can be all impressed: Look at him, Harvard Law School student, wearing a nice suit. But inside you are full of dead man’s bones and all corruption. You came to this realization in ? A Sunday in December I sat up in the balcony of St. Paul AME. When Rev. Brandon gave the call to receive Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior I sprinted to the altar and wept because the load of sin had been lifted off of me. My life was changed forever. How did that play at Harvard? I went back to school in January. You know that saying, “You’ve got to figure out how to distance yourself from friends who might mislead you”? I didn’t have to distance myself. When my friends found out what had happened, they distanced themselves. Walking in Harvard’s halls was like the parting of the Red Sea. They would say, “Here he comes, get away from him or he’ll talk to you about Jesus”—and I would. How have secular reporters covered your current campaign? Most of them have no

frame of reference for understanding Christianity, so it’s almost as if you’re speaking a foreign language or that you’re from another planet. What’s an example of misreporting? In my writing I mention the doctrine of original sin, noting that everything from storms to birth defects is the result of sin. Reporters took the last part of that and said, “Jackson believes parents who have children with birth defects have those children because they sin”—that’s so far from anything I’ve ever believed or taught. Like Jesus being asked whether a man’s blindness comes from his sin or his parents’ sin—and He says neither. You’d hope reporters would be theologically literate. Forty or  years ago it probably would have been there, but it’s not today.

ART COX/PATRICK HENRY COLLEGE

P E.W. J, , is the Republican candidate for lieutenant governor of Virginia. He served in the Marine Corps, graduated from Harvard Law School, and practiced law until . He then founded Exodus Faith Ministries, a nondenominational church in Chesapeake, Va., and recently launched Exodus Now, an effort to encourage AfricanAmericans with biblical values to leave the Democratic Party. He’s been married for  years and has three children. Jackson’s campaign is nationally significant because he is unabashedly laying out his Christian beliefs. A Sept.  WORLD article, “Against the tide,” reported on Jackson’s difficult early childhood in foster homes, and then his progress from age ½ when he reunited with his dad. On Oct. , before students at Patrick Henry College, I asked him about his law school experience and the current campaign. What advice did you receive about applying to law school? I had been told Harvard was the best. I had an outstanding academic record, but some well-meaning professors told me, “Well, it’s good you want to do that, but don’t get your hopes up because you know black people don’t do well on standardized tests in America because they are culturally biased against you.” I said,

WORLD • NOVEMBER 2, 2013

22 Q&A.indd 28

10/11/13 10:27 AM


You’re trying to get African-Americans to leave the Democratic Party. I’m not against Democrats or for Republicans, but I’m for the truth. I pray for President Obama. I think about him sometimes and feel badly for him because I think he needs a powerful God impact in his life. You wrote in  that President Obama has Muslim sensibilities. What did you mean by that? He’s the first president I can think of (I don’t think Jimmy Carter went this far) who treats Israel and the

Palestinians as equivalent. Many would argue that he treats the Palestinians as if they were the oppressed group and Israel is the abuser. I think his willingness to talk to Iran even after having been disrespected and basically used is because he believes he has a special connection to these folks that will eventually

be recognized. He said as much in Cairo in his speech. Does it bother you when folks equate the gay rights movement with the civil rights movement? It troubles me deeply. Just think about the speciousness of that analogy. Black folks were enslaved in this country until . Then you have Jim Crow for another  years. A black person could simply walk into a room and because of skin color be unaccepted. That is so different than what we are facing with the homosexual rights movement. Nobody is interested in persecuting homosexuals. Most

Americans don’t care. It’s none of our business. Since Planned Parenthood is killing so many black babies, what do you think of the alliance between many AfricanAmerican leaders and Planned Parenthood? Our civil rights leaders, certainly Jesse Jackson, used to be prolife. I wonder what converted them. Now if you oppose homosexual marriage, you can never expect to hold any kind of position in the Democrat Party. You must embrace that fully. I don’t see any way of resolving that issue, other than some major movement in the country that settles the issue once and for all. A

ART COX/PATRICK HENRY COLLEGE

‘‘’      ,  ’   .’’

22 Q&A.indd 29

10/11/13 10:27 AM


Reviews > Music

Riveting naïveté Box set explores the music of leftist folk singer WOODY GUTHRIE BY ARSENIO ORTEZA

>>

A R P (Rounder) is a six-CD, one-DVD, one--RPM record, and one-page-biography box set that sheds essential light on America’s most important folk singer, Woody Guthrie. Discs One through Four present interviews and illustrative song performances that Guthrie granted the folklorists Alan and Elizabeth Lomax for the Library of Congress in , mainly on the subject of Dust Bowl

refugees. Guthrie, a riveting storyteller at , sounds  at least. Disc Five presents songs Guthrie recorded in  in support of the Bonneville Power Administration and U.S. involvement in World War II. (He joined the Merchant Marine in  and served in the Army shortly before the war ended.) Disc Six’s highlight is a Guthrienarrated radio drama called “The Lonesome Traveler” that, along with 

demos referred to as “V.D. songs,” warns of the evils of syphilis. (The -RPM vinyl presents the -year-old Bob Dylan singing a Guthrie V.D. song as well.) Compared to attitudes prevalent in , Guthrie’s frankly cautionary tone sounds almost moralistic, even naïve. Naïveté, in fact, is what emerges as Guthrie’s defining characteristic. While never a Communist, Guthrie was Communist-friendly enough to provide the enemy succor. While the Common Man he championed was often indistinguishable from a Rugged Individualist, he also believed Big Government capable of more good than harm, and he provided that enemy succor too. Yet it’s not “naïve” but another “N-word” that would be American Radical Patriot’s big revelation were Guthrie not a leftist icon. “Until he was called on it,” writes Bill Nowlin in the box set’s book, “he used the word ‘nigger’ when referring to a well-known fiddle tune of the day—but once a radio listener wrote in and explained how hurtful that word was, from that time in  on, he never used it again. …” Fair enough. Rock critics panicked in the early s when rumors circulated that a tape would soon surface in which the King of Rock and Roll would be heard committing the same sin. Elvis would have to be dethroned. But the tape never surfaced, and Elvis survived. Guthrie may too—he utters nothing verboten on American Radical Patriot. But he does say “Negro,” and for some that will be blacklist worthy enough. The worst Elvis has ever been proved to have said is “colored guys.”



WORLD • NOVEMBER 2, 2013

22 MUSIC.indd 30

EVERETT COLLECTION/NEWSCOM

An equally captivating folk-box-with-book is Live at Caffè Lena: Music From America’s Legendary Coffeehouse, - (Tompkins Square). The titular dates are misleading: Folkies began performing at the Saratoga Springs, N.Y., haunt in . But so far anthologists have not unearthed tapes dating back that far, hence the three-disc set’s  starting point. Fellow-traveler politics surely played—and play—a role in the Caffè Lena story, but they’re given short shrift in the box set’s three CDs and the -page libretto. The all-acoustic music gets the spotlight. And, uneven though the  performances are (in terms of both audio and aesthetic quality), sparks do fly. Recommended: Ramblin’ Jack Elliott doing Woody Guthrie’s “Pretty Boy Floyd” and Aztec Two Step doing “The Persecution and Restoration of Dean Moriarty,” which are every bit as compelling as they are historically revisionist and wrongheaded. —A.O.

Email: aorteza@worldmag.com

10/16/13 11:07 AM

ASSOCIATED PRESS

Radical sparks


NOTABLE CDs

New or recent CDs > reviewed by  

Say Grace Sam Baker Baker, , leavens his sketches of beautiful bluecollar losers, each too unflinchingly individualized for a stereotype, with a residue of old-time religion. Old-time religious music figures as well, from the “Sweet Hour of Prayer” fragment that Baker turns over to two women and a pianist to the “Come Thou Fount of Every Blessing”–based benediction “Go in Peace.” And those are just two of the high points. Love, loss, grace, gratitude—no other singer-songwriter is currently playing for higher stakes.

I’ll Find a Way Blind Boys of Alabama It’s as admirable that Bon Iver’s Justin Vernon and his alt-rock guest vocalists help this legendary gospel group limp along as it is that the group refuses to quit. But the senescence is finally too obvious to ignore. The -year-old Clarence Fountain is hardly heard, the other original Blind Boy Jimmy Carter a footnote, and the new squeaky lead tenor of Paul Beasley a weak Plan C. By all means buy everything by Fountain and the gang up to . This one’s one too many. Innocents Moby Even in the songs with words, the radical leftism of this techno superstar remains submerged beneath beautifully somber chord progressions that electronica fans will file under “chill out.” What surfaces, even if only a smidgen and indirectly at that, is Moby’s belief in the divinity of Christ. “I saw Jesus come down, / dressed like a soldier,” sings guest vocalist Mark Lanegan. Combined with Moby’s second consecutive Flannery O’Connor– inspired instrumental (“Everything That Rises”) in as many consecutive albums, it’s enough to inspire hope if not necessarily faith or charity.

SPOTLIGHT The Last Waltz Waltz, its post-concert overdubs notwithstanding, will probably always stand as The Band’s ultimate live testament. But the remixing TLC that lead Bandsman Robbie Robertson has finally gotten to show the unretouched performances on Live at the Academy Of Music : The Rock of Ages Concerts (Capitol) will run a close second. Unlike The Last Waltz Waltz, which captured The Band’s final original-configuration gig, the only end that was near at the time of these lateDecember shows was that of . And, except for the apparent drunkenness of Bob Dylan, who performs four encores (and forgets the words of “Like a Rolling Stone”), nothing commonly associated with New Year’s Eve debauchery mars this otherwise masterly collection of rock ’n’ roll seminalia. The belief that the road might go on forever touches almost every song with a timelessness entirely appropriate to a combo whose greatest tune made the pacifist Joan Baez into a Confederate Civil War sympathizer.

Cluck Ol’ Hen (Live)

ASSOCIATED PRESS

EVERETT COLLECTION/NEWSCOM

Ricky Skaggs and Bruce Hornsby In  the conservative rootsmeister Skaggs and the liberal popmeister Hornsby put their ideological differences aside, made an album, and toured to prove that music, or at least bluegrass, is the universal language. Judging from this document, the tour actually superseded the record. First, the banter enhances rather than distracts. Second, Skaggs sings a jam-band-length version of Hornsby’s wages-of-adultery tale “White Wheeled Limousine.” Third, Skaggs sings a jam-band-length version of Hornsby’s greatest liberal-pop hit, “The Way It Is.” Compassionate conservatism lives!

To see more music news and reviews, go to worldmag.com/music

22 MUSIC.indd 31

NOVEMBER 2, 2013 • WORLD



10/16/13 11:07 AM


Mindy Belz

While the centrifuges spin Iran says it wants to talk, but will it also listen?

>>



WORLD • NOVEMBER 2, 2013

22 MINDY.indd 32

Even as the first proposals hit the table in Geneva, opposition groups in Iran reported that officials were moving to a fortified defense ministry complex a Tehran nuclear weapons research center—one they say employs  researchers and engineers, in small-scale experiments with radioactive material. Iran has demonstrated over the last decade its willingness to give up economic necessities in order to pursue nuclear capability. Oil revenue is down by half, thanks to an EU embargo and banking restrictions. That means fuel itself is more expensive for Iranians, and essentials like medicine and many imports are in short supply. This is a price the ayatollahs have been willing to pay to keep the centrifuges spinning. Also, despite the talk of a “new” regime in Iran, those in power very much represent the old Islamic order. Hassan Rouhani, the new president, has been part of Iran’s national security apparatus since . He headed Iran’s team of nuclear negotiators through unsuccessful rounds of talks with European diplomats. Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khameini was part of the  revolution and hasn’t altered his anti-American positions. Already he has said aspects of Rouhani’s trip to New York, where he spoke briefly with President Obama by phone, were “improper,” and Iran news media have been feverishly trying to decipher the implication of Khameini’s displeasure. Watch what happens to Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, Iran’s U.S.-educated top diplomat who served as its ambassador to the UN and has paved the way for renewed U.S.-Iranian negotiations. A newspaper closely linked to Khameini ran front-page coverage of a Zarif confession of sorts following his trip to New York. “Zarif: The phone conversation with Obama and my long meeting with John Kerry were improper,” read the headline. Zarif denied saying that, then was briefly hospitalized, for stress, after the report came out. Watch what happens to political prisoners, particularly three American prisoners cited by President Obama in his phone call with Rouhani—Robert Levinson, Amir Hekmati, and the Iranian-American pastor Saeed Abedini. All have reportedly been tortured. Releasing them without preconditions would be a simple way for the Iranian regime to demonstrate not only is it ready to talk, but it’s also listening. A

KRIEG BARRIE

H’      I. As of a year ago it had , centrifuges in an underground site, and by using them was intensifying its production of nuclear fuel. The International Atomic Energy Agency confirmed that much in an August  report. These are advanced centrifuges capable of enriching uranium at much higher speeds than the , older, “first generation” centrifuges Iran has been using. The , centrifuges—presumably spinning still—suggested a leap in uranium enrichment: Three months earlier, the IAEA reported Iran had only . “Tehran has reached the threshold of having a nuclear weapons capability,” said two of the world’s pre-eminent weapons experts, Rolf Ekeus and Malfrid Braut-Hegghammer, upon reviewing the IAEA report. Ekeus led the UN weapons inspections teams into Iraq after the Gulf War, and Braut-Hegghammer teaches nuclear security at Stanford University. Iran’s continued uranium enrichment—and the threat of a nuclear weapons arsenal building in one of the world’s worst police states—has led to a decade of economic sanctions by the United States, the EU, and international organizations. The IAEA said Iranian cooperation “was essential and urgent” to restore confidence in the “exclusively peaceful nature” of Iran’s nuclear program—and  rounds of talks in Vienna and Tehran later, it got nowhere. Now Iran wants to talk, and starting in mid-October will put forward a package of proposals to halt production of nuclear fuel. This is deadly serious business, and it comes at a time when U.S. foreign policy has been anything but. The United States cannot afford ignorance, posturing, or being unserious in its approach. Initial proposals, for instance, aim to limit the numbers of centrifuges operating, to curtail enrichment amounts and the need for verification. That’s not a halt but a slowdown in the march to nuclear weapons. And the proposal is contingent on Western powers easing economic sanctions—a dicey timetable: Restrictions on overseas transactions by Iranian banks can be removed in a moment; verification that nuclear enrichment has slowed or stopped is a long and tedious process.

Email: mbelz@worldmag.com

10/15/13 9:57 AM


“ T H A N K YO U, J O H N F R A M E, F O R T H I S S U P E R B G I F T.” — J. I . PAC K E R

“ “ “

John Frame is one of the most seminal Reformed theologians of our age, and this is his most significant work.” —MARK DRISCOLL

He brings together a rare blend of big-picture thinking, levelheaded reflection, biblical fidelity, a love for the gospel and the church, and the ability to write with care and clarity.” —JOHN PIPER

The biblical and practical nature of his perspective makes this a refreshing and much-needed resource for all of us who care about a vital Reformed theology.” —RICHARD J. MOUW

$49.99 | 9781596382176 | HARDBACK | 1280 PAGES krieg barrie

SUPPORT YOUR CHRISTIAN BOOK DISTRIBUTORS. AVAILABLE FROM: W TSBOOKS.COM • CEPBOOKSTORE.COM • CHRISTIANBOOK.COM

WWW.PRPBOOKS.COM

22 MINDY.indd 33

10/15/13 1:04 PM


THE H VICTIM: Jennifer Bicha looks at photos from her childhood.

22 SEX ABUSE.indd 34

10/14/13 4:24 PM


When pastors, churches, and other caregivers fail to report sexual abuse, they may aid and abet crime— and in some states are subject to prosecution themselves—along with subjecting abuse victims to lifelong trauma    in Bradenton, Fla.

                   /      

E HIGH COST OF NEGLIGENCE NOVEMBER 2, 2013 • WORLD

22 SEX ABUSE.indd 35



10/14/13 4:24 PM


36 

0 Dealing with child sexual abuse isn’t a new challenge, but it’s a massive one: The U.S. Department of Justice estimates an average of one child molester per square mile in the United States. Statistics vary widely, but some estimates say as many as one out of four girls and one out of six boys endure sexual abuse by age 18. With 75 million children in the United States, that means nearly 15 million children could face sexual abuse in the next 18 years. For Jennifer Bicha, abuse began early. She grew up with her brother and two sisters in several different states. Their father was a Christian schoolteacher, and the family regularly attended church, but home life was severe: During the September hearing, several family members ­testified that the siblings’ father was physically and emotionally abusive. Fear ruled the home.

manatee sherrifs deptartment

of the Manatee County Courthouse, a sweeping view extends across the Manatee River as it spills into Tampa Bay. The skies darkened as heavy rains poured down here in Bradenton, Fla., on a September day. In courtroom 6-A, another storm brewed: Jeremy Bicha, 29, seated behind a wide defense table, heard testimony from two women he’d already admitted to ­sexually abusing when they were young girls. The women gave shocking details about the abuse. When the district attorney asked the women to describe their relationship to the defendant, each gave equally shocking answers: “He is my brother.” The tragedy of sexual abuse in a family once involved in local churches and stationed on a foreign mission field only deepens: Adults also connected to their community knew about the abuse while the girls were minors but didn’t report it to authorities. Those adults include a Christian schoolteacher, a longtime pastor—and the parents of Bicha and his sisters. As adults, two of Bicha’s sisters he abused reported the abuse to police in 2010. Bicha pleaded no contest to charges of sexual battery. When Circuit Court Judge Thomas Krug sentenced him on Sept. 27 for crimes committed as a youth, he also castigated the adults who failed to report those crimes: “Frankly, they deserve to be in prison.” Krug’s statement carries legal weight. Florida state law mandates any adult who suspects or knows about a case of child sexual abuse to report it to authorities. Failure to report carries a maximum penalty of $5,000 or five years in prison. Florida isn’t alone: Eighteen states require adults who suspect child abuse or neglect to report it to authorities. Twenty-seven states ­specifically mandate pastors to report suspected abuse. In other states, schoolteachers, childcare

W ORLD • N o v e m b e r 2 , 2 0 1 3

22 SEX ABUSE.indd 36

10/14/13 4:25 PM

Natasha Schmale/Genesis Photos

From the floorto-ceiling windows on the sixth floor

workers, physicians, and other adults who interact with children are required to report child abuse. In Bicha’s case, the statute of limitations has expired to prosecute adults who failed to report the abuse when the children were minors. But the consequences of that failure persist. Jennifer Bicha—one of the sisters who testified in September—spoke extensively with me about her experience and agreed to WORLD’s reporting it. At 26, she hopes her story will help other abuse survivors. She also hopes it will motivate adults— especially those in churches—to understand the critical importance of reporting abuse when they suspect it. High-profile sex-abuse scandals of the Catholic Church and at Penn State University disturbed many over the last decade, but a slate of churches and Christian organizations also face questions about confronting—or sweeping away— sexual abuse. How those groups handle sexual-abuse cases has more than legal implications. For Jennifer, the failure of professing Christians to intervene inflicted spiritual damage common among other abuse ­survivors: It confounded her thoughts about God and damaged her trust in the church that should have protected her. “When nobody dealt with it, it shattered my faith,” she said. “When you have so many secrets, it shatters everything.”


Natasha Schmale/Genesis Photos

manatee sherrifs deptartment

By the time she was 9, Jennifer’s brother Jeremy, then 12, began a pattern of regular ­sexual abuse that grew aggressive, then violent, and escalated into rape. She feared telling her father, but when Jennifer was 11 he discovered the abuse: Jeremy and Jennifer both testified their father walked in on an incident of serious sexual abuse in Jennifer’s bedroom. Instead of intervening, her father punished both children. Neither parent reported the abuse to authorities. Jennifer says her abuse spanned at least three years, but she first told a Christian schoolteacher about it when she was 15. The teacher told the

family’s longtime pastor in Florida. The pastor spoke with Jennifer’s father and trusted him to respond. No one reported the abuse to authorities. Jeremy joined the Navy, and Jennifer enrolled at Bob Jones University in Greenville, S.C. She sought counseling from a university staff member for her trauma, but didn’t find it helpful. Her symptoms, common among abuse survivors, grew worse: She had nightmares, flashbacks, and depression. “I couldn’t eat and I couldn’t sleep,” she said. “I was just crashing.” By her junior year, Jennifer learned her brother had married, and he talked about having

‘WHEN NOBODY DEALT WITH IT, IT SHATTERED MY FAITH.’ —Jennifer Bicha

N o v e m b e r 2 , 2 0 1 3 • W ORL D  

22 SEX ABUSE.indd 37

37

10/14/13 4:25 PM


0 Adults may not intend to fail victims of sexual abuse, but experts say churches make a common mistake of trying to handle abuse ­allegations on their own. Sometimes that’s because church leaders don’t realize many states mandate they report suspected or known child sexual abuse. Even in cases where the law might not mandate a report, Victor Vieth of the National Child Protection Training Center says every adult

Reporting abuse 3 States that require any person who suspects child abuse or neglect to report it 3 States where clergy are among professionals required to report known or suspected child abuse or neglect States that require any person to report abuse but also specifically mandate clergy members to report Laws regarding clergy-penitent privilege vary by state SOURCE: Child Welfare Information Gateway

Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department/AP

38 

should ask: “Even if I’m not mandated to report, is someone else going to be in danger if I don’t?” The question is relevant to current cases in some evangelical churches. Nathaniel Morales faces a November trial in Maryland for charges of molesting four teenage boys while a member of Covenant Life Church (CLC) in Gaithersburg, Md., in the late 1980s. CLC was part of Sovereign Grace Ministries (SGM) until it withdrew from the association of churches last year. In May, a Maryland judge dismissed a civil lawsuit against SGM that accused some church leaders of covering up rampant child sexual abuse. The case is on appeal. The charges Morales faces this month in Maryland comprise a separate, criminal case. That case began in 2009 when a former member of CLC reported to police Morales sexually abused him as a teenager in the late 1980s. The police report says the alleged victim first disclosed his abuse to his parents when he was 22 or 23 years old—about five years after he says the abuse ended. The report says Grant Layman, a pastor at CLC, said he had “vague recollections” from 15 to 20 years ago of speaking with the alleged v ­ ictim’s father about the abuse. The report also states Layman and another CLC pastor, Ernest Boisvert, confronted Morales about the allegations, though it’s unclear when those conversations took place. If the conversations occurred after the victim was 18, it’s likely church leaders weren’t mandated by law to report the abuse. But apart from legal questions, it’s unclear if the church attempted to advise other church members or other congregations about Morales’ history. When police arrested Morales in February on abuse charges that included 10 counts of molesting four boys, he was living in Nevada and working as a pastor. According to the police report, he had married a woman with five sons from a previous marriage. A statement on the CLC website in February said the church didn’t know about abuse allegations against Morales until “many years after the abuse when an adult who had been victimized as a child came forward.” CLC spokesman Don Nalle said he couldn’t comment on questions about Morales because of the civil lawsuit against the church. The Affirming Pentecostal Church (APC), a small association of Pentecostal churches that

W OR L D • N o v e m b e r 2 , 2 0 1 3

22 SEX ABUSE.indd 38

10/15/13 9:41 AM

Sam Cranston/Genesis Photos

children. The possibility of him harming another child terrified Jennifer: “I couldn’t live with that.” For the first time, Jennifer spoke with her sisters about Jeremy’s abuse. Her younger sister acknowledged similar abuse and agreed to file a police report in Florida in 2010. Jennifer says most of her family shunned her for reporting, but the authorities in Florida took it seriously. She remembers a prosecutor telling her: “Every adult in your life has failed you.” But even as her faith began to crack, Jennifer held onto hope. “The Bible talks about God being a father to the fatherless,” she says. “I clung to that passage, even though I didn’t know how it applied to me.”


affirms homosexuality among its members, listed Nate Morales as an associate bishop in 2011. The group’s website included a blog post and photo of Morales during the same year. Earlier this year Prestonwood Baptist Church, a Southern Baptist congregation of about 15,000 in Plano, Texas, faced questions about how it handled a past allegation of abuse. Its former youth worker, John Langworthy, pleaded guilty in Mississippi to five of eight counts of molestation involving five boys in the early 1980s. A judge gave Langworthy a 50-year suspended sentence. Mike Buster, an executive pastor at Prestonwood, told a local news station in 2011 the church received an allegation in 1989 that Langworthy had “acted inappropriately with a teenage student.” The pastor said the church ­dismissed Langworthy, and that “the elected officers dealt with the matter firmly and forthrightly.” Buster didn’t say whether church ­officers filed a police report. WORLD requested further comment, and Buster replied in an email, saying nothing had changed from the church’s original statement. Langworthy went on to work as a music ­minister at Morrison Heights Baptist Church and a high school choir director in Clinton Public Schools. He resigned both positions in 2011.

Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department/AP

Sam Cranston/Genesis Photos

0 Child-safety advocates say it’s not uncommon for church leaders to try to handle abuse allegations themselves. During a panel discussion at a recent conference on childhood sexual abuse at North Hills Community Church in Taylors, S.C., abuse experts said churches often worry about false allegations. But false accusations comprise a small percentage of reports on child sexual abuse. The panel also addressed church leaders’ concerns about Jesus’ teaching in Matthew 18 to confront Christians about their sins first. North Hills pastor Peter Hubbard noted if a church member committed murder or robbery, pastors likely wouldn’t feel angst about approaching the offender before reporting him to the police. Hubbard also noted the command in Romans 13 to submit to civil authorities as those God appoints to inflict punishment on evildoers: “When we refuse to report abuse we are really hindering God’s divine institution of carrying out His wrath against criminals.” According to Victor Vieth, executive director of the National Child Protection Training Center, when church leaders conduct their own investi-

gations before reporting abuse to authorities, they also may give offenders the opportunity to destroy evidence or threaten a victim into silence. Experts say churches should develop robust child-protection policies (see sidebar), but they should also prepare plans for how to respond to allegations. To that end, Ryan Ferguson, an associate ­pastor at North Hills, has begun visiting the Julie Valentine Center (JVC), a local organization combating sexual assault and child abuse. On a recent afternoon visit, JVC director Shauna Galloway-Williams gave a tour of the facilities, including counseling rooms filled with toys and poster board, and an exam room where two forensic pediatricians conduct more than 200 medical exams each year on children dealing with abuse. Galloway-Williams says she’s encouraged to see churches reaching out to the organization, and says it helps her group point clients with spiritual needs in the right direction. Ferguson says learning more about JVC’s resources has helped the church better prepare and respond to cases of abuse. He encourages other church leaders to connect with local authorities before a crisis hits. “We don’t put our faith in the organizations themselves but in a sovereign God who has established government for the good of His ­people,”

HELP FOR VICTIMS: Shauna GallowayWilliams at the Julie Valentine Center.

N o v e m b e r 2 , 2 0 1 3 • W OR L D  

22 SEX ABUSE.indd 39

39

10/14/13 4:29 PM


0 Back in Florida, Jennifer Bicha was trying to move past adults who had circled the wagons. After she reported her brother’s abuse to police in 2010, naval investigators questioned Jeremy, who was stationed overseas. He admitted everything. In a statement to naval lawyers, Jeremy detailed the abuse of his sisters and admitted to inappropriately touching his third sister and two other non-family members when he was a teenager. He told investigators, “I have mostly dealt with this by putting it behind me and forgetting.” Florida prosecutors weren’t forgetting: The U.S. Navy discharged Jeremy, and when he reached U.S. soil, authorities arrested him. He eventually pleaded no contest to two counts of sexual battery on a child under 12 while he was under 18. His defense attorney asked for less than a year in the county jail. The prosecutor asked for 15 years in state prison. By the morning of the sentencing hearing, Jennifer gathered in a local hotel with a small group of friends who traveled to Florida to support her. One was John O’Malley, the director of her father’s former mission board. The board dis-

Guarding the lambs The Christian organization GRACE—an acronym for Godly Response to Abuse in the Christian Environment—offers several common-sense ­suggestions for developing child-protection policies at local churches: 0 Consult child-abuse experts or local authorities when developing

policies 0 Make connections with local authorities and child-abuse organizations

before a crisis strikes, and develop a strategy for how your congregation would respond to abuse allegations 0 Consider background screening for adults regularly volunteering with

youth or children 0 Require at least two adults (from two different households) at functions

for children or youth 0 Offer safety education training in youth group settings 0 Keep your antennas up: A reasonable eye for suspicious behavior isn’t

judgmental, it’s protective For more resources on child protection and mandatory reporting laws, consider: 0 GRACE: netgrace.org 0 National Child Protection Training Center: ncptc.org 0 U.S Department of Health and Human Services for mandatory

­reporting laws at childwelfare.gov

40 

missed Jennifer’s father from the ministry around the time of her police report, and O’Malley came to Florida to offer personal support. Jennifer asked for prayer for family members, including her estranged mother, who supported her brother’s hopes for a light sentence. She also asked for prayers for peace: “I need to walk away knowing I did the right thing.” O’Malley reminded her of the passage in Mark 7 when Jesus astonished a community by healing a man who was mute. “For years you’ve had no voice,” O’Malley told her. “For years no one listened to you. I believe that will change today. I believe the community will hear.” By 1:30 p.m., a small community was listening. A handful of family members arrived to support Jeremy, including his wife, who brought their 1-month-old son—a sight that shook Jennifer. Jennifer’s younger sister testified via Skype from another state about the damage her brother’s abuse caused. She used words like “sullied, impure, and worthless” to describe how she had felt: “You took away my innocence.” Jennifer gave similar testimony. She used words like “terror, dread, panic … So many words, yet none can scratch the surface of fear that suffocates my life.” The two sisters would prove the only witnesses on their behalf. Over the next six hours, an aunt, an uncle, Jeremy’s wife, and his mother all testified on Jeremy’s behalf for a lighter ­sentence. They didn’t dispute his guilt, but they blamed a repressive upbringing and an abusive father. When the sibling’s mother took the stand, she admitted she knew about Jeremy’s abuse: “I kept silent when I shouldn’t have. I should have done more to protect my children.” She also said she didn’t want Jeremy to suffer for a difficult upbringing, and said he had not expressed anger at his sisters for pressing charges: “I’ve never heard him blame them.” She worried about his fate in prison and said, “He will never be free from this.” As he took the stand late in the day, Jeremy made a similar defense. He admitted what he had done, but cited his difficult home life. He asked to avoid time in state prison and having his name placed on the sex-offender registry: “I believe punishment should have an end, and the sex-offender registry has no end.” By the end of the day, Jennifer was absorbing her family testifying on her brother’s behalf. “No matter what the sentence is, it’s going to be

WORLD • November 2, 2013

22 SEX ABUSE.indd 40

10/14/13 4:29 PM

Barb Fisher

said Ferguson. “As soon as we feel like circling the wagons, we need to do the exact opposite.”


hard,” she said. “I wonder: Have I made any kind of difference?”

Barb Fisher

0 Two days later, Jeremy arrived at court in jeans and a T-shirt—prepared to leave the courtroom for a jail cell. After closing arguments, the judge acknowledged the gravity of the case: “It was almost unbearable for this court to hear that a mother and father exist who would raise children in this manner.” The judge sentenced Jeremy to three years in state prison on each count of abuse, and ordered him to serve the sentences concurrently. He could be out on parole in two years. The judge also sentenced him to five years’ probation and said Jeremy would be designated a sex predator. The court remained tense and silent as bailiffs surrounded Jeremy and handcuffed him. He stood a few feet away from Jennifer as court ­officers fingerprinted him near an exit. Jennifer wiped away tears. A door opened, and her brother was gone. A few minutes later, Jennifer sat in a small room processing the events. “Honestly I’m just trying to hold myself together right now. … But I know I fought as hard as I could to do what needed to be done.” She hopes her experience will help other survivors and the adults who could protect them from sexual abuse.

Email: jdean@worldmag.com

22 SEX ABUSE.indd 41

One person who’s already persuaded is Wayne Golson, the childhood pastor who didn’t report Jennifer’s abuse when he learned about it years earlier. Now an interim pastor at a church in North Carolina, Golson says he realizes he was wrong. Jennifer encouraged Golson to attend the conference in Greenville and hopes the experience will help bring positive change. Golson says he didn’t know the laws and the procedures about reporting abuse, and assumed Jennifer’s father would take care of it: “I didn’t do enough. … I look back and I just think, I should have helped her more.” The pastor says he spent a recent Sunday school hour outlining what he had learned at the conference about abuse and would recommend a policy manual to his church’s advisory board for child-safety protections. If any other pastors wonder what they should do if they suspect abuse, Golson says his counsel would be clear: “Without a doubt, go to the authorities.” For now, Jennifer plans to continue a career she enjoys as a hospital nurse. She hopes in time to find a church where she feels safe and can ask the questions that continue to haunt her. But she says she’s still convinced: “I know my God is good and that He can heal. If there’s a way He can bring beauty out of my story, then it’s worth telling.” A

SENTENCED: Jeremy Bicha is escorted out of the courtroom on his way to prison.

‘I know my God is good and that He can heal. If there’s a way He can bring beauty out of my story, then it’s worth telling.’ —Jennifer Bicha

N o v e m b e r 2 , 2 0 1 3 • W OR L D  

41

10/16/13 11:52 AM


The California Republican convention reveals a reduced and ideologically divided party but one also beginning to reach out to the state’s diverse population by A ngel a Lu in Anaheim, Calif.

42 

WORLD • November 2, 2013

22 GOP CONVENTION.indd 42

10/16/13 11:47 AM

perry: Reed Saxon/ap • convention shots: gary fong/genesis photos

Grand new party?


F

perry: Reed Saxon/ap • convention shots: gary fong/genesis photos

ive Asian-American Republican women are running for office in Orange County, Calif., next year, including two in key races to win back seats currently occupied by the state’s Democratic supermajority. e “We are the new face of the Republican Party,” said Young Kim of Fullerton, Calif., who is running for state assembly. With short permed hair and a classy black dress, the mother of four was full of energy: “We are not fighting evil, we’re fighting the wrong ideologies that represent us.”

And new faces showed up at the California Republican Party convention in early October, including more Asian and Hispanic Republican leaders, as well as more young people. Another new face–the Tea Party California Caucus (TPCC) made its first convention appearance, ruffling feathers as it hopes to move the party right. As the party tries to regroup and rebuild, having just paid off its $1 million debt, the question remains as to what the rebuilt state party will look like. The last election was discouraging for Republicans around the state: Democrats took control of two-thirds of both chambers in the legislature, giving them the power to raise taxes unfettered. Currently, only 29 percent of Californians are registered with the Republican Party, the lowest percentage since records have been available. So rather than focusing on a gubernatorial candidate to replace Gov. Jerry Brown next year, the party pointed resources toward local elections and chipping away at the Democrats’ stronghold in Sacramento. The party’s hope buoyed last July when Andy Vidak, a Republican farmer in Central Valley, won a Senate seat in a heavily Democratic district. Republican challengers like Kim and Janet Nguyen, who is running for an Orange County Senate seat, could be the key to ending the supermajority.

COMMON GROUND: Texas Gov. Rick Perry (left) gives the keynote speech at the California GOP convention on Oct. 5; Michelle Park Steel (second from top) and Young Kim (fourth from top) reveal some of the “new faces” of the Republican Party.

Yet ideological differences continued to divide the party. The split was most apparent in a struggle over the so-called “bathroom bill” that allows public-school students to use facilities based on their perceived identity rather than their biological sex. Conservatives set up a booth with a ­toilet and rolls of toilet paper next to a petition that would put the bill on the November ballot rather than letting it take effect in Jan. 1. But in a committee vote over backing the repeal, regional vice chairman Gregory Gandrud, who is gay, cautioned members about the message they would be sending if they were to fight against the bill, especially as the party tries to appeal to more Californians. The resolution passed on a split vote. Divisions also were apparent in the two candidates in the running for ­governor: On one side is Tea Party favorite Tim Donnelly, a former Minuteman border patrolman who stands against abortion and same-sex marriage. On the other is former Lieutenant Governor Abel Maldonado, who kept quiet during the convention about his support of abortion rights, same-sex marriage, and a path to ­citizenship for immigrants who are in the country illegally. Neither has the money or the backing to compete with Gov. Jerry Brown, who has raised $10 million. “I think [the TPCC] has a profound effect on this convention,” said Ron Robinson, who is working on new technology for the caucus. “A lot of light is being shone on Republican governance, and as a result the governance has been better.” At the same time, the party tried to find common ground with the growing

N o v e m b e r 2 , 2 0 1 3 • W OR L D  

22 GOP CONVENTION.indd 43

43

10/16/13 11:47 AM




WORLD • NOVEMBER 2, 2013

22 GOP CONVENTION.indd 44

‘People will trust you once they believe you have what it takes to succeed.’ —Ignacio Velazquez

L

 R expressed similar sentiments that individual leaders can change Hispanics’ perceptions of the Republican party. “Latinos are always Democrats–but why?” Mayor Ignacio Velazquez of Hollister, Calif., asked. “People will trust you once they believe you have what it takes to succeed. … I just talk to the community, some people say ‘I trust you even though we know you’re a Republican.’” Velazquez is part of Grow Elect, a grassroots organization to endorse, train, and fund Latino Republicans for office. Led by Mexican-American Ruben Barrales, the former deputy assistant to President George W. Bush, Grow Elect has helped elect  Latino officials since late , and the group has another  candidates this year. At the Grow Elect roundtable, one Latino official said he was a Republican because everything he learned from his father about hard work and faith lined up with the Republican Party. Another pointed out that Latinos care much more about job creation than immigration, and with Democrats in complete control of the state, they’ll soon see

Republicans are the ones who can provide that. Attendees also criticized the Republicans for alienating much of the population with insisting on English-only campaigns, and they stressed the need to reach out to the Latino faith community. Young people milled around the convention, some hailing from liberal bastions like West L.A. and San Francisco. A meeting for the Young Republican Federation packed the room, led by its state chairman in a Los Angeles Dodgers T-shirt. Tiffany Abrahms, a -year-old from Santa Monica, said part of what keeps young people from joining the Republican Party is the cool factor. “The characterization of being a Republican is that it’s not cool, unfortunately. But its values—like individual freedom and keeping your own money—everybody wants that.” Abrahms believes the party needs to show that it’s relevant, that Republicans do charity, are up-to-date, and have fun. “It’s a lot more fun being a Republican in California,” said -year-old Adam Ellison of Sacramento. “We need to work for it to be a success.” A

GARY FONG/GENESIS PHOTOS

ethnic groups in California, specifically Asians and Hispanics. Kim and Nguyen were just two of the nearly  AsianAmerican elected officials gathered at a roundtable discussion on what the Republican Party can do to tap into the growing demographic that has traditionally voted Democratic, yet holds many Republican ideals. Michelle Park Steel, vice chair of the Board of Equalization, and her husband Shawn, the Republican National Committeeman from California, have pushed for further inclusion of AsianAmerican leaders, and the attendees sitting around the table—some in their s and s—are the product of their labor. Steel referred to them as her “daughter” and “sister” and said they are the ones to change the Republican stereotypes: “I’m not telling [Asians] they can’t be Democrats, I tell them that we are for small businesses, school choice, things they care about.” Even having Asian female representatives counters the claims that Republicans are all old white men. But the Steels have a tough battle ahead of them: In ,  percent of Asian-Americans in California voted for President Barack Obama. And that segment of the population is important: Asian-Americans are the fastestgrowing minority in the state, currently making up  percent of all voters. Rep. Donald Wagner, who represents Asianheavy Irvine, said that as his campaign reached out to his Asian constituents, some said they had never spoken to a Republican before. Kim, who is running for assembly in a traditionally conservative district that was taken over by a Democrat last election, said that Republicans need to work on issues that Chinese, Korean, Vietnamese, and Cambodian communities are concerned about, such as North Korean human rights or the attack on families. Republican’s biggest advantage is the large number of smallbusiness owners in the group that are feeling the burden of high taxes and regulation in the state. It comes down to getting involved in the community—talking to people, showing up at meetings, attending parades—and having candidates who look like them to gain Asian votes, Steel said.

Email: alu@worldmag.com

10/16/13 11:48 AM


DEVELOP AN ACTION PLAN...

SUMMIT MINISTRIES AND

WORLD MAGAZINE

...FOR CULTURE CHANGE Engage is a 1-day conference designed to equip you to live out the Christian worldview in your community, focusing on key cultural issues. You'll be given tools to create a plan to effectively love and disciple in a post-Christian generation.

C

M

Y

PRESENT...

SAN DIEGO,CA November 16, 2013

CM

MY

COME BE TRAINED BY:

CY

CMY

Dr. Jeff Myers / President / Summit Ministries

K

- Learn how to make an impact on future generations

Dr. Marvin Olasky / Editor-in-Chief / WORLD Magazine

SKYLINE CHURCH

11330 Campo Rd La Mesa, CA 91941

- Story-telling, a Christian's role as a citizen journalist

John Stonestreet / Speaker & Fellow / Chuck Colson Center for Christian Worldview - A call to action in a post-Christian culture

ALSO... Warren Smith / Associate Publisher & Author / WORLD Magazine Eric Teetsel / Executive Director / Manhattan Declaration Scott Klusendorf / President / Life Institute

...and others

CREDIT

REGISTER

— Questions? Call 800.951.6397

worldmag.com/engage

22 GOP CONVENTION.indd 45

10/14/13 1:41 PM


A long twilight s Victory over crippling federal debt, House Republicans learn, may not come quickly

cox: Manuel Balce Ceneta/ap • Hultgren: Tom Williams/CQ Roll Call/getty images

by Edwa rd Lee Pitts in Washington

46 

W ORL D • N o v e mb e r 2 , 2 0 1 3

22 DEBT CEILING.indd 46

10/16/13 11:28 AM


t struggle

Obamacare. But Tim Huelskamp, one of these sophomore lawmakers, said the shutdown debate has shown how little success they have had. “We did slow down discretionary spending, which is part of the problem but not the significant part,” said the Kansas Republican. “The biggest entitlement in modern history is Obamacare, and nothing seems to be pushing back against it.” Progress will be difficult as long as Republicans control only the House while Democrats possess the Senate  H spent a recent day walking and White House. But conservatives believe the government the halls of Capitol Hill as he has most weekshutdown gives Americans a taste for how the federal governdays since joining Congress in . But this ment pervades every part of life. time about  middle-school students from Small businesses like NoDa Brewing Company in Charlotte, Hultgren’s Illinois district trailed the conN.C., couldn’t sell their newest brews because the federal gressman. Lawmakers often don’t give tours. agency approving labels was shuttered. Crabbing vessels But, with the government’s partial shutdown remained docked in Alaska because skippers couldn’t get the playing havoc with the students’ trip, Hultgren stepped in. permits needed to drop their bait traps. Officials barred volAt Statuary Hall, where the U.S. House met in the first half unteer military chaplains from conducting Mass. A privately of the th century, Hultgren shared the story of John Quincy owned restaurant in San Francisco and an inn on North Adams and Abraham Lincoln. They served together in this Carolina’s Blue Ridge Parkway had to close because they sit on room for three months before Adams died in . Hultgren federal lands. The government gave an elderly Nevada couple told the students how Adams fought to end slavery for years  hours to leave their home of more than three decades but died without seeing the results of his struggle. Lincoln because it too rested on federal land. carried the battle to its completion. Hultgren But some Americans began taking matters thinks hearing Adams rail against slavery into their own hands: A billionaire Houston influenced Lincoln’s future arguments. couple gave funds to keep Head Start programs “Sometimes we want to see things happen running for , low-income children in six quickly, but they don’t often happen that way,” states. South Carolinian Chris Cox spent days Hultgren told the students. Listening to his doing work around the memorial grounds on own advice, Hultgren realized these students the National Mall, mowing the lawn, emptying may find themselves fighting the current battle trash cans, and clearing overhanging branches. to get the nation’s fiscal house in order. “They A charity stepped in to pay the death benefits are going to be feeling a lot of the burden of to families of fallen soldiers after the Pentagon bad choices that have been made in said it could not provide the , “death Washington,” Hultgren told me later. “But if gratuity.” we can start some good things, maybe some of Rep. James Lankford, R-Okla., hopes the these young people can carry it forward and STARTING SOME GOOD government shutdown has punctured the perfinish the job.” THINGS: Hultgren; Cox near the Lincoln Memorial (left). ception that government dollars and programs That long journey to cut the nation’s bondage are the only way to solve problems. “It may to debt and exploding entitlements received a work for a little while until you understand you are standing boost during the  elections when Republicans took the in line all the time for the rest of your life waiting on the next House. Many of the  Republicans in that freshmen class government check,” he said. “You are trapped in a system that came to Washington with strong conservative views and short doesn’t allow you to move forward.” political resumés. More than half had never run for office Lankford preaches patience. He believes more Americans before. They shared a mission to make a dent in Washington’s will understand why the House GOP fought when voters start spending habits, and they experienced success in forcing the paying higher premiums, face penalties, have fewer doctors to spending cuts in  called the sequester. choose from, and have trouble finding full-time work because Today, these now-sophomore lawmakers remain unfazed of Obamacare. “The thought that you can come in and throw by the media blitz blaming them for Washington’s woes. They one Hail Mary pass and you are going to score a TD and get say they came here to do something big even if it meant a preeverything done is certainly exciting, but it’s not real,” mature end to their political careers. They make no apologies Lankford said. “We have to be able to find ways to be able to for trying to get the nation back to living within its means move things along four yards at a time and continue to make even as Democrats call them extremists and saboteurs. progress.” They have become the lawmakers driving House policy. Lankford sees it as at least a -year battle. By then the When White House Press Secretary Jay Carney said on Oct. , students in Hultgren’s Capitol tour will be old enough to vote, “It’s often the case that [Obama] or others meet with leaders of perhaps making his talk at Statuary Hall as important as the the House and then find out that the decisions are being driven shutdown negotiations then occurring a few miles down by other members of the House,” Carney was referencing this Pennsylvania Avenue. A class of conservatives. They came in focused on stopping

COX: MANUEL BALCE CENETA/AP • HULTGREN: TOM WILLIAMS/CQ ROLL CALL/GETTY IMAGES

R

Email: lpitts@worldmag.com

22 DEBT CEILING.indd 47

NOVEMBER 2, 2013 • WORLD



10/16/13 11:28 AM


DEBTORS’ P T

     of debt in America belongs to the country’s newest wage earners and its youngest taxpayers. Student loan debt now outstrips car loan debt and even outstanding U.S. credit card spending—growing from  percent in  to  percent in  of all non-housing debt. Worse, as college tuition and the cost of borrowing to pay for it have skyrocketed, income levels and employment opportunities have flatlined. It’s perhaps then no surprise that nearly  percent of federal student loans are delinquent—as it becomes a longer and steeper climb for most college graduates to pay off bigger and bigger loans.

95%

Average costs for tuition, room, and board at U.S. institutions (blue) have increased by  percent since , after adjusting for inflation

12%

2007

2008

2010

2009

2011

2012

2013

Debt comparison for 

Federal student loan debt Private student loan debt

Auto loan debt $200 BILLION



$400 BILLION

$600 BILLION

$800 BILLION

$1 TRILLION

Credit card debt

WORLD • NOVEMBER 2, 2013

22 STUDENT LOAN.indd 48

10/11/13 3:01 PM

SOURCES: NATIONAL CENTER FOR EDUCATION STATISTICS; FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF NEW YORK; UNITED STATES CENSUS BUREAU; NATIONAL STUDENT LOAN DATA SYSTEM; CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION BUREAU

Total federal student loan debt (yellow) has increased by  percent in just six years, from  BILLION in  to . TRILLION dollars in 


’ PRISON Average individual student debt load (yellow) is rising while median income for full-time workers ages - (blue) has remained stagnant

Student population has risen and fallen (blue) while outstanding student loans (yellow) pile up

40 MILLION $50,000 30 MILLION

$40,000

20 MILLION

$30,000 $20,000 SOURCES: NATIONAL CENTER FOR EDUCATION STATISTICS; FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF NEW YORK; UNITED STATES CENSUS BUREAU; NATIONAL STUDENT LOAN DATA SYSTEM; CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION BUREAU

LOANS

10 MILLION

STUDENT DEBT

$10,000

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

07

08

09

11

10

12

Of the . million federal student loan holders (% of the U.S. population), % are in default, deferment, or forbearance

40

%

IN THE RED

NOVEMBER 2, 2013 • WORLD

22 STUDENT LOAN.indd 49



10/11/13 3:01 PM


backgrou

22 HARVEST_GAMBLING.indd 50

10/15/13 4:28 PM


Moody board chairman and top author Jerry B. Jenkins is among Christians who have taken up tournament poker. Is evangelical opposition to it about to fold? by DANIEL JAMES DEVINE

                            

   over four decades keeps a man busy. Jerry B. Jenkins, co-author of the best-selling Left Behind novels and one of today’s busiest Christian authors, has sold over  million copies of his novels and nonfiction works. He has also co-authored several children’s adventure series and helped Billy Graham, Bill Gaither, and Luis Palau write autobiographies. A former vice president of publishing at Moody Bible Institute in Chicago, Jenkins now volunteers as chairman of the school’s board of trustees. In recent years, Jenkins has also enjoyed playing poker, sometimes with friends in the privacy of his home, and sometimes in casino poker tournaments that require buy-ins of hundreds of dollars.

BACKGROUND: MICHAEL1959/GETTY IMAGES

NOVEMBER 2, 2013 • WORLD

22 HARVEST_GAMBLING.indd 51



10/15/13 4:28 PM


52 

WORLD • November 2, 2013

22 HARVEST_GAMBLING.indd 52

anybody if they had a problem with that. … I live in Colorado, so if I play it’s outside the Midwest.” Besides writing books, Jenkins owns Jenkins Entertainment, a filmmaking enterprise, and the Christian Writers Guild, a group that provides conferences, critiques, and long-distance writing courses for aspiring authors (I’m a former student). According to director Janice Mitchell, the Guild currently has 550 members. Jenkins, 64, declined to state his income on the record, but said he is a “high-income person” and has enjoyed a few “pretty flush years with the Left Behind series. … You can do the math. I’ve sold 70 million books. So to break even making $8,000 playing poker, it’s kind of pocket change for me.” He gives most of his income away, he said. Jenkins’ latest book, I, Saul, an adult thriller that delves into the life of the biblical Paul, went on sale in August. His co-author, James MacDonald, is the senior pastor of Harvest Bible Chapel, a church with seven campuses in the Chicago suburbs. Beyond co-writing a novel, Jenkins said he and MacDonald have also played poker together in the past, although MacDonald no longer plays. In a sermon in November 2012, MacDonald told his congregation he began playing poker with friends several years ago, sometimes in his basement and sometimes “in public places.” When the Harvest elder board informed him some people in the church were offended by his practice, MacDonald said he wrestled over the subject for a period of time before deciding to give up poker both in public and in private. “Up until June 2012, Pastor James played Texas Hold ’em poker with friends and on the rarest of occasions in a casino, but stopped at the request of our current elder board chairman,” said Harvest spokeswoman Sharon Kostal in a statement to WORLD. “He considers recreational games for very small amounts of money to be a matter of Christian liberty. However, he has publicly committed to having given up his personal liberty in this matter, in view of the increasingly public nature of his pastoral ministry.”

handout

WORLD came across Jenkins’ name on GlobalPokerIndex.com, a website that compiles poker tournament results submitted by casinos and creates public profiles of players who cash in. When I called Jenkins to ask if the Global Poker Index profile was of him, he confirmed that it was. “I don’t play for what I would consider significant amounts of money. And I wouldn’t gamble, either. I mean, I don’t play slots,” he said. “I consider poker a skill game.” According to the Global Poker Index data, Jenkins has won $8,065 at two casinos, including $4,580 at Commerce Casino near Los Angeles during the 2008 California State Poker Championship, where the buy-in was $1,500 (plus an $80 fee to the casino). He also had poker tournament winnings from 2010 and 2012 at Horseshoe Casino in Hammond, Ind., a 30-minute drive from downtown Chicago. Global Poker Index does not list tournament losses, said Alexandre Dreyfus, the CEO of Zokay Entertainment, which operates the index. Jenkins claims his wins and losses have been about even overall: “I’m just a recreational player. … It’s not something I make money at or lose money at, really. … I realize that people have issue with it.” The admission from Jenkins comes after the board of trustees he chairs established, in August, a new Moody employee policy that permits gambling, tobacco use, and the consumption of alcohol while off duty. Brian Regnerus, a spokesman for the school, said, “No Board member’s personal preference or activity had any impact on the decision to review the previous employee standards.” Under the old policy, employees were supposed to eschew such activities even in private. The policy change came after a year of study and reflected a desire “to require no more and no less than what the Bible requires,” while leaving other issues to an individual’s conscience, said spokesman Regnerus. Both the policy change and Jenkins’ poker hobby suggest that—as toward smoking and drinking—evangelical attitudes may be softening toward a formerly frowned-upon or forbidden activity. As an unpaid trustee, Jenkins is not required to submit to Moody’s employee guidelines. But Jenkins said the school expects trustees to be professing Christians and to “exhibit the biblical characteristics of an elder.” Rules for Moody’s students are much stricter: They are not permitted to smoke, drink, or gamble, according to the school’s “Student Life Guide,” even while at home on Christmas and summer breaks. The school has 3,800 students, including distance learners and those on campuses in Chicago, Michigan, and Washington state. Asked whether Jenkins’ hobby might send a mixed message to students, Regnerus said the school expected students to recognize matters of Christian liberty, while abiding by rules meant to accommodate families and churches with stricter convictions. “Moody is aware that Jerry Jenkins participates in poker, which is not prohibited in Scripture,” Regnerus said. He added the school does not have an official position that would clarify whether it considers poker to be gambling. Jenkins began playing poker less than 10 years ago, and said that within the past year he had decided to play in Hammond no longer: “It’s too close to Chicago. I serve on the board of Moody, so I wouldn’t want to cause any embarrassment to

Email: ddevine@worldmag.com

10/16/13 11:55 AM


Jenkins’ son Dallas, a filmmaker who joined Harvest’s staff as media director in , once told Christian novelist C.J. Darlington in an interview about his participation in tournament poker. In an email to me, Dallas called poker his “hobby” but declined to discuss it. “Because poker is a game of skill, Dallas has studied and practiced and managed to do quite well,” said Jenkins. He identified a Global Poker Index profile belonging to Dallas that listed his lifetime earnings at ,, including , won during a single Los Angeles tournament in . He did not speak of his son’s losses but said Dallas had been “profitable.” Jenkins said many evangelicals have relaxed opposition to poker: “Easily half the people I play with in home games are fellow believers.” He said his entire family plays poker, and he sometimes plays at Golden Gates Casino in Black Hawk, Colo., where his youngest son, Michael, works as a dealer. The novelist said he doesn’t hide his identity: “I am known where I play, and people know I am a Christian. I share my faith. I sign and give away books.” Jenkins declined to say how often he plays in homes or publicly, and how much money he typically spends. His own practice, Jenkins said, might not be relevant to others, and “might not be healthy to someone with an addiction or money problem. … No hobby should become an obsession.” Of course, the Bible has no explicit “Thou shalt not play poker” commandment. Poker is not the same as playing the slot machines: It does involve skill (although the cards are dealt randomly). Players bet chips and win them by forming the best five-card hand possible, and attempt to mislead opponents into believing their hand is better or worse than it really is. Experienced players learn to read the subtle eye movements or nervous facial expressions of opponents who may be bluffing. Although it’s not necessary to play for money, high stakes heighten suspense. (Disclosure: I once played for Skittles and have played bingo for dimes.) Some evangelicals see no problem in playing for small amounts of cash. Others have tended to avoid poker because of its association with gambling. From the Westminster Larger Catechism in the s (which criticizes “wasteful gaming” in its question ) to the present, many have seen gambling as a violation of the th commandment, “You shalt not steal”—but debates about what is wasteful, what is gambling, and what is stealing have also raged. Does a particular game create hardship to losers and their families? What is the motivation

HANDOUT

‘My practice might not be healthy for someone with an addiction or money problem. ... No hobby should become an obsession.’ — NOVEMBER 2, 2013 • WORLD

22 HARVEST_GAMBLING.indd 53



10/15/13 4:30 PM


54 

After 25 years of ministry, one of America’s largest churches faces criticism from former leaders by Daniel James Devine

T

housands of kids and adults crowded the Boomers baseball stadium in Schaumburg, Ill., on Sept. 21, but no one was watching baseball. Instead, they had gathered to ­celebrate the 25th anniversary of Harvest Bible Chapel, a church with an attendance of around 13,000 at seven campuses in Chicago and its suburbs and nearly 100 church plants worldwide through Harvest Bible Fellowship. Congregants took their children to inflatable funhouses set up for the event and sat in the grandstand with nachos, soft drinks, and fries as they waited for a band to begin playing modern worship songs like “10,000 Reasons.” After they sang, James MacDonald, senior pastor of Harvest, took to the stage and spoke of the lordship of Jesus Christ: “He took your sin, your regret, your failure, your disappointment.” Like his imposing figure, MacDonald’s preaching style is big and bold: He shouts for emphasis, and ­listeners often feel challenged. His audience long ago expanded beyond Chicago through the church’s Walk in the Word radio ministry, broadcast throughout the United States. But as MacDonald and Harvest celebrate 25 years of ministry, they face a ­barrage of criticism from former elders, pastors, and staff who say the church leadership has operated in recent years with too little transparency and accountability. Megachurches often have naysayers, but the situation at Harvest is unusual because of the large number of former elders who have spoken publicly, mainly on a blog called The Elephant’s Debt, run by two former Harvest attendees. By early October, at least a dozen former elders, pastors, or staff members, including the former elder board chairman, had added their names or written statements to the

Ringo Chiu/ZUMA PRESS/newscom

you’re also engaging in activity that has destroyed millions of lives.” (Duke believes poker qualifies as gambling because “the turn of the card determines who wins.”) According to the National Council on Problem Gambling, 2 to 3 percent of U.S. adults are “problem gamblers” whose habits are disrupting their lives, such as by causing loss of sleep or financial issues. The National Association of Evangelicals and the Southern Baptist Convention officially oppose gambling, and last year opposed a bill that would have expanded online poker. In a 1997 resolution the SBC called on Christians to “exercise their influence by refusing to participate in any form of gambling or its promotion.” “A few friends gathered around a table, playing for a few dollars over the course of a few hours isn’t the kinds of gambling we’re certainly most concerned about,” Duke said. “But even that poses a certain level of risk for people who maybe enjoy that small thrill of a win and decide to test their luck at other forms of gambling.” Jenkins says poker is a social hobby and home games have given him opportunities to meet new people and pray with or counsel them. One family he met during a home poker game later came to live with Jenkins and his wife Dianna for several weeks after their home burned during last year’s wildfires. The wife in that family was recently baptized, he said: “Frankly, were it not for poker, we would hardly ever rub shoulders with unsaved people.” A know when to walk away: Poker card tables at the Commerce Casino in Los Angeles, Calif.

Growing pains

W O R L D • No v e mb e r 2 , 2 0 1 3

22 HARVEST_GAMBLING.indd 54

10/15/13 4:34 PM

Brian O’Mahoney/the courier-news/Sun-Times Media

involved? What is moralism and what contributes to human flourishing or diminishing? Asked whether it was a problem that some poker players lose so others can win, Jenkins said the same dynamic was true of sports like basketball and softball. “I would respectfully challenge anyone to find biblical justification for prohibiting playing poker for money (in moderation at amounts they can afford) while allowing spending the same amounts to play golf or engage in fantasy sports leagues,” Jenkins said in an emailed response to follow-up questions. Tournament poker opponents would point out that while Jenkins may be able to afford the money he risks at poker, his opponents may not be able to. Barrett Duke, vice president of public policy and research at the Southern Baptist Convention’s Ethics and Religious Liberty Commission, says gambling is different from other forms of entertainment: “You are basically trying to win other ­people’s money, and risking the money that the Lord has entrusted to you. Plus,


Brian O’Mahoney/the courier-news/Sun-Times Media

Ringo Chiu/ZUMA PRESS/newscom

website to affirm their concerns about Harvest. Among the allegations are that the church has run a “puppet elder board” and left a trail of broken relationships. The dissent has grown louder since June, when three Harvest elders resigned after fellow elders dismissed their claim that a “culture of fear and intimidation” and a lack of transparency existed at the church. The current elder board consists of 32 men, including James MacDonald and two staff members. The three elders—Daniel Marquardt, Scott Phelps, and Barry Slabaugh—complain that although the full elder board is responsible for approving the church ­budget, they don’t actually have access to a detailed, line-item budget, and are not allowed to know MacDonald’s salary, expense accounts, or income from ­honorariums or book royalties. “When we asked for a line-item budget … we were denied and rebuked. And we were told that even making such a request could get you removed from the elder board,” Phelps told me, adding it reflected a larger problem of the elders having little input into decisions made by executive staff. Budget details are important for the church, given its $56.8 million debt—the result of a 2005-2007 construction

c­ ampaign that went awry and doubled in costs, and of a defaulted loan at the church’s campus in Crystal Lake, Ill. The church said it plans to pay off the debt by 2020. However, the church’s most recent financial statement indicates that total contributions dropped 14 percent between 2011 and 2012, to $45.4 million. The rebukes have gotten worse for Phelps and Slabaugh, who had remained Harvest members after resigning from the board: In September, the remaining elders announced church discipline against the two men in a video played at Harvest’s seven campuses and posted to the church website for several days. In it, they censured and excommunicated Phelps and Slabaugh, apparently for their part in signing a letter, along with six other former elders, that was critical of James MacDonald. Harvest declined to comment when I asked for details about the excommunication. The letter, sent to the Harvest elder board, has not been publicly released. But several of the former elders who signed it told me they want MacDonald to take a sabbatical from his position in order to focus on character and spiritual growth. challenged: MacDonald preaching.

They said they stand behind the integrity of Phelps and Slabaugh. The present Harvest elder board dismisses the notion of a sabbatical. “Pastor James MacDonald is a man under the full authority of our elder board. We remain highly confident in his ­leadership,” Harvest elder Randy Williams told me in a statement he read over the phone. The church declined to arrange a phone interview with MacDonald. In a sermon he preached in November 2012, MacDonald admitted he had struggled with verbal outbursts of anger that have damaged relationships. “I’m too intense, for sure. Can anyone honestly say that that completely shocks them?” he said, eliciting laughter. At the time he made efforts to reconcile broken relationships, at the request of the elder board. This September the current elders said they were “completely satisfied with Pastor James’ growth in grace.” The church has also taken steps toward financial transparency, by posting financial statements and a debt reduction plan online. In late September, the church became accredited by the Evangelical Council for Financial Accountability. Harvest has restructured its elder board twice in the past four years. The first change came in 2009 when the board transitioned from a model of about 8-10 men to a larger one that eventually grew to around 30 individuals. The second change occurred this year, around April, when the church created an “elder leadership team” consisting of about eight elders, including MacDonald and the assistant senior pastor. Marquardt, Phelps, and Slabaugh had complained the board rearrangement violated the church constitution. Asked about the elder leadership team, Harvest told me in a statement it had been functioning on a “trial” basis and would “likely be adopted permanently in some measure, including the needed change to our constitution.” According to a proposed change to the church’s constitution that Harvest announced in September, the team will have “final authority in all matters relating to the church including compensation, buying or selling property and accountability of Senior Staff.” A

No v e mb e r 2 , 2 0 1 3 • W O R L D 

22 HARVEST_GAMBLING.indd 55

55

10/15/13 4:34 PM


YEAR-END SPECIALS Why Christ Came:

31 Meditations on the Incarnation Joel R. Beeke and William Boekestein When thinking about Christ’s birth, we often focus our attention on Luke’s detailed gospel account. But to appreciate the main point of the story — that the eternal Son of God assumed our flesh-andblood human nature — we need to learn from the rest of the Bible why Christ came to earth. Why did Christ come? In this book, thirty-one thoughtful meditations answer this vital question, and the answers encourage us to celebrate Christ’s birth more deeply, see more clearly how it is connected with the rest of His ministry, and recognize its importance for our lives. “It will be part of our family’s Advent devotions and, I hope, a source of blessing for many others.” — Michael Horton, professor of theology at Westminster Seminary California and cohost of the White Horse Inn

Paperback, 160 pages, 978-1-60178-268-7, $10.00 | $7.50

Seasons of the Heart: A Year of Devotions from One Generation of Women to Another Compiled by Donna Kelderman

“Hundreds of years separate us from the women whose writings are featured in this devotional. Yet those who share their love for Christ will find them to be kindred spirits. Drawing from the Scriptures to face their own struggles and trials, they speak with timeless truth to believers of every generation. A treasure trove!” — Nancy Leigh DeMoss, author and Revive Our Hearts teacher and host

Authors include Ruth Bryan, Anne Dutton, Isabella Graham, Elizabeth Julia Hasell, Frances Ridley Havergal, Sarah Hawkes, Susan Huntington, Harriet Newell, Katherine Parr, Susannah Spurgeon, Anne Steele, and Mary Winslow. Hardcover, 416 pages, 978-1-60178-272-4, $20.00 | $15.00

A Puritan Theology: Doctrine for Life Joel R. Beeke and Mark Jones

“This is a landmark book in every way.” — J. I. Packer “Simply an amazing achievement.” — Carl R. Trueman Hardcover, 1100 pages, 978-1-60178-166-6, $60.00 | $30.00

Recovering the Gospel Series Paul Washer

The Gospel’s Power and Message

Paperback, 288 pages, 978-1-60178-195-6, $20.00 | $15.00

The Gospel Call & True Conversion

Paperback, 200 pages, 978-1-60178-236-6, $20.00 | $15.00

Gospel Assurance and Warnings (Coming Soon)

Paperback, 288 pages, 978-1-60178-294-6, $20.00 | $15.00

REFORMATION HERITAGE BOOKS 616-977-0889 | heritagebooks.org |

22 LIFESTYLE.indd 56

10/15/13 1:30 PM


Notebook Lifestyle > Technology > Houses of God > Sports > Money > Religion

Still going strong Work remains an integral part of a healthy life for the elderly Hatch brothers by Angela Lu photos by Greg Schneider/ GENESIS

>>

Brothers Dean Hatch, 84, and Ron Hatch, 74, are still in the workforce. Dean, the grandfather of five, is a ­contracting officer in the Department of Defense, while Ron, the grandfather of nine, works in global positioning at John Deere. They still enjoy their work, find it an exciting challenge, and consider work as more than a daily grind that finally comes to a halt on your 65th birthday: It’s a way to stay active, continue learning, and mentor younger workers coming into the workforce.

Download WORLD’s iPad app today; details at worldmag.com/iPad

22 LIFESTYLE.indd 57

Dean remembers the enduring work ethic of his father, who kept the family afloat during the Depression in Oklahoma by working odd jobs–delivering ice, selling fruit, and inventing farming tools, including one later picked up by Caterpillar. Dean has also done many kinds of work: farming, engineering, teaching, pastoring, developing educational t­ echnology and methods to track student achievement, and establishing water purification systems. In the 1980s he applied for a price analyst position at the Defense Contract Management Agency, WHAT GRIND? At 84, and has been there Dean Hatch enjoys ever since, working working and finds the in California. challenge exciting.

N o v e m b e r 2 , 2 0 1 3 • W OR L D  

57

10/11/13 10:53 AM


Notebook > Lifestyle He’s watched as the focus of American education changed from academics to behavior: “The major change is the breakup of the family: So many students didn’t have fathers at home and their behavior in school became the paramount issue rather than concentrating on teaching.” At the Department of Defense he’s seen his office diversify ethnically, increase efficiency through the use of technology, and cope with budget cuts. Dean said he doesn’t know anyone else his age still working: Most took advantage of retirement as soon as they could, but Dean said continuing his daily work routine is an advantage for him: “I enjoy what I’m doing. It’s a challenge. I have the privilege to train a number of people coming in. … I hear of people who retire and haven’t kept active: They don’t seem to live too long after their retirement.” Each night he goes to bed at : p.m. so he can wake up and get to work by  a.m. Dean plans to retire next year, hoping to spend more time reading the , books currently in his library. He wants to explore breakthroughs in neuroscience as well as how history relates to current events, specifically in the Middle East.

R



WORLD • NOVEMBER 2, 2013

22 LIFESTYLE.indd 58

he has published papers on the topic, although many mainstream journals automatically reject papers that question the theory. He points to Proverbs :—“It is the glory of God to conceal things, but the glory of kings is to search things out”— to explain how his faith has been strengthened by his work: “I just get great joy, especially in my hobby, of seeing how God designed physics. … If there weren’t an apparent relativity, physics would have had great difficulty developing.” He is part of the Natural Philosophy Alliance, a group of dissident scientists that challenges beliefs in mainstream physics and astronomy. Ron also said working longer has also helped him provide for his family– as the father of , he has now helped send six grandchildren to college. He is also able to give more to his church and other organizations. Last year he cut back his work hours to  a week and started working from home part time to be with his wife of  years, who suffers from Alzheimer’s. When he does retire, he wants to focus on his hobby and write another book on relativity. A

GREG SCHNEIDER/GENESIS PHOTOS

 H    , a decade after Dean, and at a young age realized he was good at math. He became an electrical technician at Boeing while studying math and physics at Seattle Pacific, then moved with his wife and son across the continent to work at Johns Hopkins University on a navigation system that helped ships track their positions. He remembers working on giant IBM computers that took up an entire room. After a few years, Ron moved back West to join Boeing and then spent  years with Magnavox, most notably working on an emerging navigation system in the early s–the GPS. Ron’s paper in  introduced what is now known as the “Hatch filter,” a method of increasing GPS accuracy. At the time he asked for a patent, but was told it couldn’t be patented because it was software: “I knew they

“I REALLY LIKE were wrong, but THE CHALLENGE”: in a way I’m glad Ron Hatch. it wasn’t patented because everybody used it from then on.” He went on to patent over  positioningrelated inventions, and then went into GPS consulting, living in California like his brother. Ron has worked with John Deere in crop yield monitoring and positioning to determine how much grain will be harvested from each plot of land, and he’s now moved on to automatically steered tractors that can drive in straight lines and reduce overlap and human error. Every Friday he still sits in meetings and gives advice to the younger workers, relishing the new discoveries they are making: “I really like the challenge.” In his free time Ron critiques Einstein’s theory of relativity, about which he’s written a book. He uses GPS data to provide evidence against relativity, claiming there is an absolute frame and only an apparent relativity “caused by some beautiful mathematics, so I think God designed it so we could learn [about the universe].” Over the years

Email: alu@worldmag.com

10/11/13 10:54 AM


What kind of message are you going to send this Christmas?

Christmas Crown Cover as shown with the third verse from the hymn “Joy to the World” Inside: Jesus came to set us free. Joy to the world!

B

have see on

Tree of Names Cover as shown with names of Christ Inside: Jesus, Name above all names, came for us! Merry Christmas

thos e

na

living in the land of

t ha igh

a

the

al

e gr

de ath

I

tl

i alk le w The peop

igh t;

ng

in d

arkn

s d aw ned.

ess

hrist C ine V ocate dv A f Go o d n So Son of M nuel an ma life m of d Bridegr a oo re Star Wo m ng rd i rn David M a ster of th t e D oor oo Omega R & th a h Man o e Truth lp f m e e r e d S A Re o S erva t r ro w s n lasting Fath t he ver er Way E Branch ous th hte ig Stone of e L ife R Coun S sel ful r tu e d or m b ling H on of Offense ei W r o ock P f a ll thi n g s R Arm of ri e th st D e f Kings L e l i v e re r L or ng o d am Ki b o f G od C o r n e rs t o n e of Our S a ain l v a tion t p G a od C h S e p d h o o e I n c a r n ate rd the G F ri nsolati end o s o n o f Israel Prince o Co f Sin n e r f P e a ce Sure Foundation

M o

ore let sins and sorr No m ows gro w, N

cur ar as the se is found, ow F gs fl ssin ble

round; He come t the g s to nfes ma ns i ke Hi hor t s or

sha

w do

of

Blind Sheep Cover as shown. Inside: All we, like sheep, have gone astray… He came to find us. Merry Christmas!

Great Light Text of Isaiah 9:2 on the cover Inside: He came to rescue us from darkness. May the light of Christ Jesus shine in your life and in the lives of those you love this holiday season. Merry Christmas

Send a card or gift they’ll remember. Many other cards and prints (great gift ideas!) are available. Order early for best selection. Call or email us at cards@ccojubilee.org for a brochure.

(888) 569-9030 or order online: www.ccocardsandprints.com CCO CARDS & PRINTS 100% of the proceeds support campus ministry through the CCO (Coalition for Christian Outreach).

GREG SCHNEIDER/GENESIS PHOTOS

Advent Christian Village (ACV) is an accredited, comprehensive retirement community located on 1,200 scenic acres along the Suwannee River in north central Florida. More than that, it’s home to over 800 friendly and vibrant seniors who love fellowshipping together and furthering the Kingdom through service to others. ACV offers a variety of living options, a continuum of care and an array of quality services and amenities. All this is provided in a hometown atmosphere with no entrance fees. Call today for more information, or better yet, to arrange a tour and a complimentary stay. Call today! 1-800-647-3353 TDD 1-800-955-8771 — PO Box 4345 Dowling Park, FL 32064 See why we’re unique at www.acvillage.net.

22 LIFESTYLE.indd 59

10/15/13 10:21 AM


Notebook > Technology

Social secrets

The NSA mapped suspects’ social networks as early as 2001 By daniel james devine

>>

60 

WORLD • November 2, 2013

22 TECH and HOG.indd 60

Eight million dollar man Zac Vawter’s right leg is a mechanistic ­marvel: Made of aluminum, it has a computer, two motors, and 13 sensors to measure movement or pressure, and weighs less than his left leg. For Vawter, who lost the bottom half of his right leg in 2009 after a easy as thinking. Too bad he’s not allowed to take the leg home just yet. The bionic leg is part of a project at the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, funded by about $8 million from the Defense Department. Electrodes fitted to Vawter’s right thigh sense muscle movements associated with walking or bending an ankle, and read his intention to bend an ankle, walk, or climb stairs. The smart leg, according to a September report in the New England Journal of Medicine, cuts falls and unnatural movements nearly in half, compared to regular prosthetics. —D.J.D.

Email: ddevine@worldmag.com

10/11/13 11:03 AM

MOHAMMED ABDUL AZIZ/AFP/Getty Images

motorcycle accident, walking comes as Binney: Jonathan Ernst/The New York Times/redux • Vawter: Brian Kersey/ap

Remember “metadata”? When news organizations began disclosing documents in June leaked by former National Security Agency contractor Edward J. Snowden, Americans learned their government was logging their daily phone calls—not necessarily eavesdropping on ­conversations but cataloging so-called metadata like phone numbers, call length, and location coordinates. Late in September, The New York Times reported how the NSA uses phone and email metadata to map the social networks of “foreign intelligence ­targets,” as revealed by other Snowden documents. If the NSA wants to learn about a foreigner in the course of a national security investigation, it can legally build a digital phone book of the person’s contacts—even if it includes Americans. As long as a U.S. citizen or legal resident is not the primary suspect, no warrant is needed. If that sounds benign, consider what a log of your own phone calls and emails might reveal about you: Frequent contact with doctors, friends, politicians, and advocacy or religious organizations could reveal your apparent physical or mental health, personal associations, politics, or religious convictions. This information would be admittedly useful for discovering networks of terrorism or Muslim extremism, but Americans who make frequent contact with Muslim nations—employees of a Christian aid organization, for example, or U.S.-based journalists—could also be swept up in such a net. The NSA calls it a “contact chain.” The U.S. intelligence community has not always viewed the mapping of social networks without a warrant as legal. According to the Times, NSA ­officials decided in November 2010 that the practice would be lawful under a precedent set by a 1979 Supreme Court decision. The policy change was not reviewed by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, which is normally responsible for overseeing such programs. However, William Binney, a former NSA employee-turnedwhistleblower, says the agency was mapping the social networks as early as 2001. Binney helped develop an early program called ThinThread that collected internet data for terrorism investigations. But he left the agency in October 2001, he told me, after learning analysts were collecting phone and email metadata from Americans. He claims the agency has “graphs”—social network maps—for the entire U.S. population: “They also do it for everyone in the world they can get their hands on.”


Notebook > Houses of God

MOHAMMED ABDUL AZIZ/AFP/Getty Images

Binney: Jonathan Ernst/The New York Times/redux • Vawter: Brian Kersey/ap

The flag of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) flutters on the pointed dome of the Armenian Catholic Church of the Martyrs in the northern rebel-held Syrian city of Raqqa on Sept. 28 (top). ISIL fighters entered the Armenian church, torched the furnishings inside, and destroyed a cross atop its clock tower (shown in photo, left, taken Sept. 16), replacing it with the Islamist group’s flag.

N o v embe r 2 , 2 0 1 3 • W O R L D  

22 TECH and HOG.indd 61

61

10/11/13 11:06 AM


Notebook > Sports

Whole new ballgames New competitions and sports are gaining a foothold in America BY ZACHARY ABATE

>>



WORLD • NOVEMBER 2, 2013

22 SPORTS & MONEY.indd 62

Froning competed in his first CrossFit Games in , finishing th among  contestants. The loss compelled Froning to re-evaluate his commitments: He said he had “put CrossFit on a pedestal and it had become who I was, and I needed to remind myself that Christ is who I am, and not CrossFit.”

Regarding rugby: USA Rugby now has registered , players, including more than , high-school students. Rugby will return to the Olympics after a -year absence: The  Olympics will feature rugby sevens, a popular version of the sport with seven-man teams. During fast-moving and hard-hitting games each team tries

FRONING: HANDOUT • HSBC: JOSH HOLMBERG/CAL SPORT MEDIA/AP • HURLING: HANDOUT

I’  that soccer is growing in popularity in the United States, but so are lesser-known sports like rugby and curling, along with a new annual competition, the CrossFit Games, which feature competitors from  to almost  years old in brackets based on age and sex. The athletes learn about what they will compete in only hours in advance of the events: This year’s games, in July, included “the burden run” (carrying logs, pulling sleds), “the zigzag sprint” (dashing  yards while avoiding obstacles), and “” (rowing , meters, then doing five rounds of pushups). The big winner this year, as in  and , was Rich Froning, the “fittest man on earth.” He trains for up to eight hours a day, going through an intense regimen that includes power lifting, running, rowing, box jumping, and tire flipping. Froning’s preparation also includes Bible study. He has written verses about Jesus’ crucifixion on his shoes, so when he feels like giving up, he looks down and remembers what Jesus endured for him. Tattooed across his right torso is “Galatians :”: May I never boast except in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, through which the world has been crucified to me, and I to the world.

to get the ball past the opposing team’s goal line. It’s like scoring a touchdown in football, only with no forward passing and no helmets or significant padding. Oddly, the United States is the reigning Olympic champion in the sport, because the U.S. team in  beat France. Olympic officials then dropped rugby from the Games for a combination of reasons including fan violence, lack of popularity, and the length of recovery time rugby teams needed after the physically grueling and sometimes brutal matches. Ireland’s oldest native game, hurling, is also gaining popularity in America: Schools including Purdue, Stanford, Indiana University, and University of Connecticut have formed teams. Hurling, dubbed “the fastest game on grass,” is a high-octane sport combining the skills of baseball, lacrosse, and hockey. Players use a wooden stick, similar to a hockey stick, to hit a small ball through their opponent’s goalposts. Players, who wear no protective padding, can kick, strike, slap, or balance the ball on the stick as they move down the field. Hurling, older than Ireland’s recorded history, may have been played for more than , years. While there are no professional leagues in America, the North American Gaelic Athletic Association is working to promote hurling, along with several other Gaelic sports, by hosting tournaments such as the Gaelic Games that were held in Cleveland in late August. Journalist Denis O’Brien detailed the rise of hurling in America in Hurling USA, published last year. A

Worldmag.com: Your online source for today’s news, Christian views

10/16/13 9:59 AM

MONEY: MACIEJ KORZEKWA/PHOTOS.COM • BERNANKE: CHARLES DHARAPAK/AP • BRADY: MANUEL BALCE CENETA/AP

GAME’S ON: Rich Froning (with tattoo) in 2013 Reebok CrossFit Games; Indiana University Hurling Club in Midwest Tournament; HSBC Sevens World Series XIII (from top to bottom).


Notebook > Money

Bubbles and crises bring new momentum to calls for a gold standard BY WARREN COLE SMITH

CREDIT

Email: wsmith@worldmag.com

22 SPORTS & MONEY.indd 63

ke

MONEY: MACIEJ KORZEKWA/PHOTOS.COM • BERNANKE: CHARLES DHARAPAK/AP • BRADY: MANUEL BALCE CENETA/AP

>>

O A. , , Richard Nixon took the final steps that removed the U.S. dollar from the gold standard, and economists have been fighting about it ever since. In one corner are liberal Keynesian economists— and a few conservatives— who think the world has become too large and complicated to use gold as the basis of a currency. In the other corner are conservative, libertarian, and so-called Austrian School economists who say logic and history teach a consistent lesson: Any currency not backed by gold eventually crashes, and the longer it takes to crash, the more catastrophic the effect. For the past  years, the Keynesians have been winning the argument. “Gold bugs,” as Keynesians derisively call advocates of a gold standard, are the same guys who hoard freeze-dried food in bunkers and call late-night talk shows to discuss Area . Liberal economist Paul Krugman said of gold standard advocates: “Modern gold bugs are completely crazy. Their belief in gold is … mystical.” But Krugman said this in the s, before the tech bust of , before the

housing bubble of  and the bust of , before the European debt crisis of  and beyond. These events have altered the conversation. “There’s a great deal more energy and enthusiasm for the reconsideration of monetary policy today than just a few years ago,” said Lewis Lehrman, an investment banker and author of ’s The True Gold Standard. “That energy is motivated by Greenspan and Bernanke’s bubble-mania.” Gold advocates have helped their cause with books, conferences, and coalition-building activities that advocate for “sound money” rather n than a gold standard, per na Be r se. We now even have a bill before Congress, H.R. , that would establish a commission to “evaluate alternative monetary regimes, and recommend a course of monetary policy.” That’s not to say we’re on the verge of returning to the gold standard. H.R. , introduced by Rep. Kevin Brady, R-Texas, has only about  co-sponsors. But Ralph Benko, who edits the Lehrman Institute’s website TheGoldStandardNow.org, believes “the Brady Commission is the pivot. The last two congressionally driven monetary reforms in U.S. history were preceded by such a commission.” In August, more than  conservative leaders, including Benko, former

y

Yellow brick road

Attorney General Edwin Meese, Tony Perkins of the Family Research Council, and former Reagan administration budget director Jim Miller, signed a statement encouraging passage of the Brady Commission resolution. Even so, if gold advocates get their way, it’s not clear what that way would be. Lewis Lehrman opposes a so-called “basket of commodities” approach that would include silver, platinum, palladium, and other assets as a basis for currency. “A basket of commodities would be as unsteady as the current system,” he said. Some conservatives, however, suggest that a “basket of commodities” approach would break the stranglehold of the current Federal Reserve System. They advocate it as an interim step. All the gold standard advocates I talked with for this story said even if all the political and legislative hurdles fell today, it would take years to set the price of gold and re-engineer the current banking system, which is wedded to the current Federal Reserve Bank system, to accommodate the gold standard. Sean Fieler is chairman of the American Principles Project and president of Equinox Partners, a New York–based hedge fund. He thinks some of the steps will likely happen at the state level. “Utah now allows gold as legal tender,” he said. “Other states are considering such a move. This remonetization of gold is a vital step in the process.” Reclassifying gold as legal tender means owners would not have to sell their gold—convert it to dollars—to use it as a form of payment, thus ad eliminating capital gain and Br other taxes. One thing is clear, according to John Mitnick, former associate counsel to President George W. Bush, “The era in which the dollar is the world’s reserve currency is one that is a historical anomaly. That situation can’t last. The world has always reverted back to gold. In the long run, it’s the only solution that makes sense.” A

NOVEMBER 2, 2013 • WORLD



10/11/13 11:07 AM


Notebook > Religion

Relative Rome?

Pope’s comments on ethics raise concerns of conservative Christians BY THOMAS KIDD

>>



WORLD • NOVEMBER 2, 2013

22 RELIGION.indd 64

teachings on these issues, and that he wants to place them in the context of God’s love for all people. “None of what Pope Francis said … is new,” said Ed Morrissey, a conservative Catholic writer, “for anyone who reads the catechism of the Catholic Church and understands the pontiff’s emphasis on evangelization.” Matthew Schmitz of First Things contends that Catholics will have to get used to Francis’ communication style, which features less doctrinal pronouncements and more “shooting the breeze.” In another interview in early October, however, Francis stoked more controversy by appearing to denigrate evangelism, and even seeming to promote ethical relativism. He called Catholic proselytizing “nonsense,” and stated that “everyone has his own idea of good and evil and must choose to follow the good and fight evil as he conceives them.” Conservative blogger Rod Dreher, an Orthodox convert from Catholicism, declared these statements “incoherent from a Christian perspective.” Conservative commentator Joshua Trevino (another Catholic convert to Orthodoxy) concurred, posting on Facebook that he was “running out of apologetics for Pope Francis.”

ALBERTO PIZZOLI/AFP/GETTY IMAGES

A   by Quinnipiac University indicates that most American Catholics are pleased with Pope Francis, even as some conservative critics have begun to worry about the pope’s perceived equivocating on gay marriage and abortion. Eighty-nine percent of Catholics register a “very favorable” or “favorable” view of Francis, six months after his selection as the leader of the Roman Catholic Church. More strikingly,  percent of respondents agree with Francis’ contention that the church focuses too much on controversies over homosexuality and abortion. In a recent interview, Francis criticized the church for being “obsessed” with reproduction and sexuality. “We cannot insist only on issues related to abortion, gay marriage and the use of contraceptive methods. … The dogmatic and moral teachings of the church are not all equivalent.” These comments followed earlier ones in which Francis seemed to be softening the church’s position on homosexuality, asking, “Who am I to judge a gay person of goodwill who seeks the Lord?” The pope’s supporters note that he still explicitly affirms the church’s

The tenures of John Paul II and Benedict XVI saw friendly relationships between many conservative Protestants and Catholics, but Francis’ statements have shaken some evangelicals’ confidence about this pope. Russell Moore, head of the Southern Baptist Convention’s Ethics and Religious Liberty Commission, said that he regarded Francis’ “good and evil” comments as a “theological wreck.” While Moore affirmed the need to emphasize the gospel over culture wars, he thought that Francis risked “severing the love NEW of God from the holiness of STYLE: God.” If Christians are Francis right about the value of in St. unborn children, “then Peter’s Square. why would we not be ‘obsessed’ about speaking for them?” Moore asked. One controversial point on which Pope Francis is clearly not giving ground is female priests. While the pontiff acknowledges that women should have a strong presence in the church, he says that “a woman has a different make-up than a man.” The Quinnipiac poll shows that most American Catholics disagree with the pope on that issue, with  percent favoring women priests. (Younger Catholics and those who attend services regularly are less likely to support female ordination, however.) Whether or not Pope Francis is actually moderating the church’s traditional opposition to abortion and gay marriage, the Quinnipiac poll reveals that the majority of American Catholics oppose the church’s teaching on those topics, too. Sixty percent say that they support legalizing same-sex marriage, while  percent agree that abortion should be legal in “all” or “most cases.” A

Email: tkidd@worldmag.com

10/11/13 12:28 PM


THE WORLD MARKET Classifieds are priced at  per line with an average of  characters per line and a minimum of two lines. Bold text and uppercase available for  per line; special fonts and highlighting available for an additional charge. You will receive a  percent discount with a frequency of four or more. All ads are subject to the approval of WORLD. Advertising in WORLD does not necessarily imply the endorsement of the publisher. Prepayment and written confi rmation will be required of all advertisers. : Connie Moses, WORLD, PO Box , Asheville, NC ; phone: ..; fax: ..; email: cmoses@worldmag.com

SCHOOL EMPLOYMENT I Mars Hill Academy in Cincinnati, OH, is seeking a Headmaster. MHA is a -yearold ACCS-accredited K- school with  students finishing its seventh year in the school’s , sq. ft. facility on  acres. The Headmaster must embrace the MHA Foundational Documents (see website - www.marshill.edu), have a passion for discipling staff and families, and be a strong all-around leader. Attractive compensation and benefits. For information & to apply, please contact Ron Ferguson, Board Member at ronwferguson@ cs.com or () -. I Head of School: Westminster Catawba Christian School, Rock Hill, SC, seeking HOS to begin July for the - school year. WCCS, a ministry of Westminster Presbyterian Church (PCA), is a pre-K through th grade college prep school of  students. WCCS is accredited by AdvancED and ACSI. The candidate should have a Master’s with administrative and leadership experience in a Christian school. If interested, please

access further information at www. wccs.org/about-us/employment.cfm. I CONO CHRISTIAN SCHOOL seeks Parent-Educator staff. See our ad in this issue. Thomas Jahl, Headmaster. Thomas. jahl@cono.org.

MINISTRY OPPORTUNITIES I Serve Jesus. Serve Muslims. Serve now. Join our teams in northern Iraq and help us change Iraq one life at a time. Visit www.servantgroup.org to learn more. I BE A MISSION NANNY. Volunteer women needed to serve overseas with missionary families as domestic/childcare help. www.MissionNannys.org.

BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES I Proverbs  Women and Others: Solid Ethics, Solid income. From Home. www.HomeBasedYou.com. Call Beth () -. I Moms/Dads work from home & make a difference. Toll free () -.

I Christian Home Based Business: High Tech Manufacturer offers unique opportunity for Christian families; () -. I Marketing Pros: Check out your options. Make a difference for yourself and others. / toll free message: () -.

EDUCATION I TEACHERS URGENTLY NEEDED IN MONGOLIA! ELIC has an urgent need for teachers of English in Mongolia. This is an outstanding opportunity for singles, couples, families and second-career adults. Two-year commitment. Opportunities to return to North America. Serve on a vibrant team. Teach at the university level to future leaders in every sector. Previous teaching experience not required. Complete training provided. Summer opportunities also available. Thirty years of sending and caring for teachers in Asia. Additional strategic opportunities in Laos, China, Vietnam & Cambodia. We can get you there. www.elic.org. () -. I OPEN YOUR OWN READING CENTER: Make a difference in the lives of others. Operate from home. It’s needed. It’s rewarding. Great results. NOT a franchise. Earn -/hr. We provide complete training and materials. www.academicassociates.com; () -.

REAL ESTATE I Maine Properties. Recreational, woodland, investment, & residential. Owner financing; () -; www.themainelandstore.com. I NEED A CHRISTIAN REALTOR in the PHOENIX area? Call Dan or Carol Smith with Dan Smith Realty; () -; www.dansmithrealty.com.

I Home & Business in small Midwest town. Super nd biz. Excellent for semi-retired. Low investment, low taxes, etc. ,; () -.

WRITING CAMPS I Hands-on, H.S. writing camp, save $, register now – www.cornerstone.edu/ cornerstone-journalism-institute.

RETIREMENT I Retirement Living: Looking for great value in a continuing care retirement community? Consider Fairhaven Christian conveniently located in Rockford, Illinois.www.fairhaven.cc. I Retire to Florida’s Gulf Coast. Come enjoy the Florida sunshine at il Villaggio, an active + evangelical gated community in Bradenton, FL. Settle on one of four picturesque fishing lakes. Enjoy a maintenance free lifestyle rich in amenities. Very affordable leases. Close to beaches, shopping and great golfing opportunities. Call () - or visit www.ilvillaggiohomes.com. I Experience Retirement the Way It Was Meant to Be. “Go Ye Village,” a Christian Life Care community located in Tahlequah, OK, in the foothills of the Ozarks, has over  residents from across the country. Take the next step. Visit our community and stay in one of our beautiful guest rooms. Call () - or visit our website at www.goyevillage.org.

SERVICES I CHRISTIANS HELPING CHRISTIANS: Like-minded believers are sharing one another’s medical expenses through a unique ministry that doesn’t involve insurance. Samaritan Ministries, P.O. Box , Peoria, IL ; or call () -, ext. .

Indigenous ministries assisted by Christian Aid Mission ALBERTO PIZZOLI/AFP/GETTY IMAGES

send native missionaries to the frontlines, bringing the gospel to unreached people.

To Invest in God’s Work: Phone: 434-977-5650 www.native-missions.org

22 RELIGION.indd 65

Christian Aid . . . because we love the brethren.

10/11/13 12:25 PM


Annie Henry is full of energy and somehow she

always seems to find herself in the middle of the excitement. Following in the footsteps of her father, the famous patriot Patrick Henry, young Annie Henry faces the American Revolution with courage and a commitment to fighting for liberty in any way she can. Whether that means riding a horse to spread news about the war or caring for her family while her father is away, Annie is determined to do her part to bring freedom to America.

In these four stories, you'll walk with Annie through America's War of Independence as she gets used to life as a politician’s daughter, to a new school away from her old friends, and to the sacrifices required to fight for what she believes in. She grows in her faith, learning more about her need for God as she faces the challenges of growing up. To purchase a copy, please visit P&R Publishing

prpbooks.com

MBA Cedarville Universit y

online

Learn More and appLy ceda r v i l l e.edu/m b a o nline

Add Mission 22 MAILBAG.indd 66

to

The Boardroom 10/15/13 4:14 PM


Mailbag ‘Crisis begets crisis’

Sept.  Why would we go to war in Syria? To stop Syrians from using chemicals to kill women and children? The same thing is legal and occurs in abortion clinics and homes all over America. The Obama administration certainly wouldn’t go to war over the killing of Christians and the burning of churches in Syria. —C. K S, Green Valley, Ariz.

‘Details, details’ Sept.  As I paged through this issue on a recent flight, I was moved to pray for Kenneth Bae, imprisoned in North Korea, and Saeed Abedini, jailed in Iran (Dispatches, Sept. ). I wondered why I have so rarely done this before, and then I read how Joel Belz prayed that readers would be moved to prayer. It was answered even before I read his column. —S M, Farmington, Minn.

This column reminded me that sometimes we need to pray specifically and other times realize that we don’t understand very much, but we should always recognize God’s hand. —J J, Manistee, Mich.

‘Alabaster cities’ Sept.  How true that “every lie scoops a little more substance from a city’s heart until it’s almost hollow.” Clearly we are witnessing much of our beloved country, and not just its cities, sink into depravity. But we know a God of great mercy and restorative power.

substance? More than a couple of times this week I caught myself exaggerating to make my point. I then had to go back and say, “Well, the truth is …” —A. S, Kent, Wash.

Katharine Lee Bates penned the line “thine alabaster cities gleam” just after visiting the  Columbian Exposition in Chicago. It featured a dazzling exhibition of stuccoed buildings illuminated by the new electric lighting that was dubbed, “The Great White Way.” —P K, Portland, Conn.

‘Against the tide’ Sept.  Here is a Republican I can agree with. I hope the citizens of Virginia can recognize in E.W. Jackson a real man of character and conviction. —B R, Brighton, Mich.

Conservatives and Christians have a difficult time in this country now, and black conservatives doubly so. Thank you. —D R, Crozet, Va.

—D C, Philadelphia, Miss.

Isn’t it also true of the human heart that every lie scoops out a little more

Send photos and letters to: mailbag@worldmag.com

22 MAILBAG.indd 67

Jackson’s early life is a testament to the difference we can make as parents. I was so blessed to read about someone

who has the courage to embrace traditional Judeo-Christian values. —J J S, Denver, Pa.

‘Listening and leading’ Sept.  Christians like Christopher and Mary Anne Yep, Elaine Huguenin, and E.W. Jackson who stand firm in their faith despite persecution challenge me to do the same. Jesus warned us we would be persecuted; I just didn’t expect it to come from my own government. —R G, Vicksburg, Mich.

‘Redeemed and restored’ Sept.  Thank you for the excellent article. I worship regularly with Thomas Boehm and his family and believe he would say that he did not lose his Jewishness nor “convert” to Christianity, but that he reclaimed the fullness of his own faith in his Messiah. —D F, Nashville, Tenn.

‘Facebook blues’ Sept.  This was a good reminder to serve for God’s glory alone. As the apostle Paul wrote, those who compare themselves to one another are “without understanding.” —D N, Harvard, Ill.

‘Failure to thrive’ Sept.  The potential collapse of the Medicare system should flash a giant “Warning!” sign to all who mistakenly think that government can provide fair and affordable healthcare. Mindy Belz suggests that we cannot “reform” the system without addressing the attack on the doctor-patient bond, but is it

NOVEMBER 2, 2013 • WORLD



10/15/13 4:14 PM


Mailbag

CHIANG SAEN, THAILAND submitted by Annie Snowbarger

time to stop trying to reform what’s broken? What if it is time to get into faith-based co-ops for healthcare? —E N, Big Canoe, Ga.

‘Our national insanity’ Sept.  The interview with John Piper was much-needed. I have been praying that a pastor with his clout would rise up. —B E, Holland, Mich.

Liberation Army was explained by “face time.” But Hearst later testified that she had less face time than closet time. She spent six weeks locked away, hands bound, blindfolded, and mostly alone except when she was being raped. Other people have succumbed after far less torture. Reading about Hearst helped me understand what happened to someone I know, whose behavior did not correspond with the person I knew. —A T, Oceanside, Calif.

These interviews alone are worth the price. The analyses of culture with a biblical worldview are so clarifying and stimulating. —L A, Littleton, Colo.

‘A sober anniversary’ Sept.  A primary tenet in warfare is: “Know thy enemy.” Not only do we not know our enemy, it seems we are trying our best not to find out. —R C, Cedaredge, Colo.

‘Dangerous faces’ Sept.  Andrée Seu Peterson suggested that Patty Hearst’s willingness to rob banks with the Symbionese

22 MAILBAG.indd 68

‘Back to school’ Sept.  As a public school teacher I care about my students and want the best for them. I daily show my students my faith through my actions if not my words. My colleagues, many of whom profess to be Christians, and I are not all looking to brainwash American children with antiChristian messages. We are doing what God has called us to do with His help, and to the best of our ability. —S B, Tucson, Ariz.

‘Summerhill school’ Aug.  Thanks for keeping me

10/15/13 10:16 AM


informed of events and news all over the world, and in my own backyard. —A C. W, Atlanta, Ga.

Health care for people of Biblical faith

‘Stretch marks’ July  This column had an insight about “unkillable patience” that I plan to carry around inside me until I die. I’ve stuck the column in my pocket and every few hours clutch it tightly whenever I want to kill my wonderful, exasperating husband. It has become my tool in the exercise of self-crucifixion. —P R, Garfield, N.J.

‘Holding the line’ July  Military and government leaders may be able to restrict our chaplains’ ministry in the name of Jesus, regrettably. They cannot, however, suppress or restrict God from accomplishing His purposes. —P R. S, Surfside Beach, S.C.

I have eliminated all magazine subscriptions except WORLD. Thank you. —G H, Cincinnati, Ohio

Corrections An above-ground storage tank at the Fukushima nuclear reactor leaked  tons of contaminated water (Dispatches, Sept. , p. ). Reporter Dale Gavlak did not contribute to a report from Ghouta, Syria, concerning a sarin gas attack in August (“Crisis begets crisis,” Sept. , p. ). The master of ceremonies at the first meeting of Trail Life USA was radio personality Bill Bunkley (“Rapid response,” Oct. , p. ).

LETTERS & PHOTOS Email: mailbag@worldmag.com Write: WORLD Mailbag, PO Box , Asheville, NC - Please include full name and address. Letters may be edited to yield brevity and clarity.

If you are a committed Christian, you can live consistently with your beliefs by sharing medical needs directly with fellow believers through Samaritan Ministries’ non-insurance approach. You do not have to violate your faith by purchasing health insurance that pays for abortions, abortifacient drugs, and other unbiblical practices. Health care sharing satisfies the individual mandate in the recent Federal health care law (United States Code 26, Section 5000A, (d), (2), (B)). Every month the more than 25,000* households of Samaritan Ministries share over $6.5 million* in medical needs directly—one household to another. They also pray for one another and send notes of encouragement. The monthly share for a family membership of any size has never exceeded $370*.

For more information call us toll-free at 1-888-268-4377, or visit us online at: www.samaritanministries.org. Follow us on Twitter (@samaritanmin) and Facebook (SamaritanMinistries). * As of August 2013

Biblical faith applied to health care www.samaritanministries.org

22 MAILBAG.indd 69

10/15/13 10:18 AM


Cultivate a fresh understanding of what the church believes.

Pleasant Hill Grain offers basic foodstuffs and equipment for wholesome food preparation

[

]

auto breadmakers • bosch mixers vita-mix blenders • rice cookers pressure cookers • water purifiers vacuum sealers • 1-year food supplies dehydrated foods • canned meats bulk grains • grain mills

A PILGRIMAGE to the HEART of CHRISTIANITY

See these and more products at www.4phg.com!

In this post-Christian era, many have

More than 500

it shallow and unsatisfying. Why bother

Absolutely FREE Bible Verses Put to Music

Belcher and his family as they take a

given up on faith of any kind, finding with Christianity? Follow pastor Jim

Bible Verses Put to Music More than 500

pilgrimage through Europe, seeking

FreeBibleMusic.com Absolutely FREE

substance for their faith in Christianity’s historic, civilizational home. What they

FreeBibleMusic.com

find, in places like Lewis’s Oxford and Bonhoeffer’s Germany, are glimpses of another kind of faith—one with power

Full or Part-Time

to cut through centuries and pierce our

Full or Part-Time

Job Opportunity

hearts today.

Job Opportunity

“Jim Belcher is a master weaver of memoir, history, art, literature and theology. . . . Powerful and moving, In Search of Deep Faith offers a pilgrimage through the pages not to be missed.” Carolyn Weber, author of Surprised by Oxford and Holy Is the Day

888-202-1913 888-202-1913

To l e a r n m o r e : ivpress.com/deepfaith

www.jimbelcher.net

@jimbelcher KRIEG BARRIE

Call Call

For a 1-Minute

For a 1-Minute Recorded Message. Recorded Message.

22 SEU PETERSON.indd 70

ivpress.com 800.843.9487

10/15/13 4:23 PM


Andrée Seu Peterson

Hall of Fame heralds We can learn a lot from history’s storied street preachers

>>

KRIEG BARRIE

I    a stack of old Westminster Seminary student directories. The cover of the / issue displays a  photograph of Cornelius Van Til and Jack Miller drawing a crowd as they preached Christ on Wall Street. I wonder how they would fare if they set up their soap boxes in . Since July of this year, United Kingdom authorities have arrested three street preachers: Rob Hughes in Basildon, Essex; Tony Miano in London; and pastor Josh Williamson of Craigie Reformed Baptist Church in Perth, Scotland. They charged Williamson with “breach of peace” and held Hughes under Section  of the Public Order Act, which proscribes speech that causes “harassment, alarm, or distress.” Street preaching is an art form coterminous with the Judeo-Christian faith. Noah was perhaps the first street preacher ( Peter :), though he evidently convinced none of his hearers. Jonah, by contrast, won over all of Nineveh, from the king to the scullery maid (Jonah :). Jeremiah preached outside (Jeremiah :), not being particularly welcome inside. John the Baptist is so closely associated with outdoor preaching that one can hardly imagine the locust eater seated at table in a house. Jesus our Lord had no house (Luke :) and delivered all the sermons we are familiar with under the big sky. George Whitefield (-) started open-air preaching to coal miners near Kingswood in Bristol, England, and then got John Wesley to try it for the first time. The impetus: “Finding the pulpits are denied me, and the poor colliers are ready to perish from lack of knowledge, I went to them. … I believe I never was more acceptable to my Master than when I was standing to teach these hearers in the open fields. … I now preach to ten times more people than I should if I had been confined in churches.” In America, Whitefield proclaimed the good news outdoors for months on end, sometimes to crowds of thousands, in what is known as the Great Awakening of . Benjamin Franklin attended one such gathering out of curiosity and left us this vivid account:

Email: aseupeterson@worldmag.com

22 SEU PETERSON.indd 71

“He had a loud and clear voice, and articulated his words … so perfectly that he might be heard and understood at a great distance. … He preach’d one evening from the top of the court house steps, which are in the middle of Market Street, and on the west side of Second Street which crosses it at right angles. Both streets were fill’d with his hearers to a considerable distance. Being among the hindmost in Market Street, I had the curiosity to learn how far he could be heard, by retiring backwards down the street toward the river; and I found his voice distinct till I came near Front Street. … Imagining then a semicircle, of which my distance should be the radius … I computed that he might well be heard by more than ,.” Charles Spurgeon thought open-air preaching such a no-brainer for reaching the lost that he went so far as to draw up a list of needed qualifications for the job. They included a good voice, a natural manner, knowledge of Scripture and of “common things,” and total dependence on the Holy Spirit. He said: “Traders go to the markets, they follow their customers and go out after business if it will not come to them; and so must we.” William Booth, like George Whitefield, finding himself on the outs with established churches, also took to the streets: “As I passed by the doors of the flaming gin-palaces tonight, I seemed to hear a voice sounding in my ears, ‘Where can you go and find such heathen as these, and where is there so great a need for your labors?’ And I felt as though I ought at every cost to stop and preach to those East End [London] multitudes” (William and Catherine: The Life and Legacy of the Booths, by Trevor Yaxley). If the pattern of history holds, and courageous preachers find themselves out in the cold, they will doubtless do what courageous preachers have always done and make the best of it. For their Master, who set their paces, said: “Go out to the highways and hedges, and compel people to come in, that my house may be filled” (Luke :). A

NOVEMBER 2, 2013 • WORLD



10/11/13 11:15 AM


Marvin Olasky

Religious test A key court case may determine whether we begin looking over our shoulders

>>



WORLD • NOVEMBER 2, 2013

22 OLASKY.indd 72

his network’s shows, and ESPN execs to their credit did not fire him. The fourth circle could include someone who makes politically incorrect statements off the air. These days, sadly, not only candidates for the Supreme Court have to be careful. But if one area of American life should absolutely allow free speech, it should be political campaigns: Call them a fifth circle. Fox Sports, though, moved James into the first circle for having said, while running for the Senate, what a big majority of Texans believe: Three out of four voted in  to amend the Texas Constitution to keep samesex unions from being defined as marriage. If the Fox decision stands, millions of other Americans may also be declared unemployable in their professions. Fox Sports is defending itself now by saying James “is a polarizing figure in the college sports community.” (Texas Tech fans don’t like James because he was instrumental in getting popular Tech coach Mike Leach fired four years ago after Leach inhumanely castigated and punished James’ son, who had suffered a concussion.) That sounds like a postfiring rationalization, especially since polarizers can bring high ratings: Remember Howard Cosell? We’ll watch what happens in a scheduled Nov.  district court hearing on the dispute. I’m not one who worries incessantly about the dark night of fascism descending in America, but I recall a remark in Philip Kerr’s novel If the Dead Rise Not, set largely in Berlin in : One character sadly mutters, “I was remembering what it was like to speak without looking over your shoulder.” If this is a purge and Fox Sports gets away with it, the James case will be a landmark on the road to freedom of speech and religion becoming one day in America only a precious memory. A —WORLD’s next issue will include an interview with Craig James

KRIEG BARRIE

I F S   football analyst Craig James because he went off on an antihomosexual tirade during a game broadcast, that would be fair. But when James in  said gay civil unions are wrong, homosexuality is “a choice,” and gays will “have to answer to the Lord for their actions” (as will we all), he was running for the  Texas GOP nomination for the U.S. Senate. Nevertheless, Fox Sports fired James this September, one week after hiring him, and the apparent reason is those comments during last year’s political campaign. A Fox Sports spokesperson said, “We just asked ourselves how Craig’s statements would play in our human resources department.” The Liberty Institute has now come to James’ defense, arguing that a purge because of religion-based beliefs is “a severe violation” of religious liberty. Let’s try to sort this out. James, , grew up in a Christian home, wandered a bit as a teenager, recommitted himself to Christ in , became NFL Offensive Player of the Year in , and gained broadcast experience at CBS Sports and ESPN. He also built a long-term marriage and became a member of Prestonwood Baptist Church in Plano, Texas. James says, “I have never discussed my faith while broadcasting and it has never been an issue until now.” That’s good, because if Dante Alighieri was redoing his Inferno and assigning sports analysts to various circles of broadcasting hell, he’d put a person who screams about nonsports issues during a game in the lowest. Dante might put in today’s second-lowest circle Keith Olbermann, the former ESPN analyst who became a designated political ranter on MSNBC, saying (for example) that George W. Bush is “a fascist! Get them to print you a T-shirt with ‘fascist’ on it! … You, sir, have no place in a government of the people, by the people, for the people. … Shut the hell up.” But Olbermann was attacking a conservative, so TBS was willing to hire him as a sports analyst. That’s OK with me, as long as he stays off politics. These days Dante’s third-lowest circle might house ESPN basketball analyst Chris Broussard: In April, when asked on an ESPN show about NBA player Jason Collins’ “I’m gay” announcement, Broussard bravely characterized homosexuality (along with heterosexual adultery) as sinful. He didn’t go out of his way to create a furor, but politely responded to a question on one of

Email: molasky@worldmag.com

10/11/13 11:20 AM


Discover the hope of Christ in broken places.

AVAILABLE NOW! Join Richard and Reneé Stearns on a journey around the world through this new 90-day devotional that shares inspiring stories of faith amidst poverty.

KRIEG BARRIE

Rich Stearns, best-selling author of The Hole in Our Gospel (2010 ECPA Christian Book of the Year) and Reneé Stearns, attorney, speaker, and advocate for women and children in poverty

richstearns.org At the authors’ request, all royalties due to the authors will benefit World Vision’s work with children in need. World Vision is a Christian humanitarian organization dedicated to working with children, families, and their communities worldwide to reach their full potential by tackling the causes of poverty and injustice. © 2013 World Vision, Inc.

22 OLASKY.indd 3

10/15/13 10:50 AM


Follow

A college education is much more than preparing for a job. It’s preparing for life. At BJU we teach flexibility, creativity, problem solving and critical thinking—life skills that prepare you to adapt to changing technologies, job markets—even multiple ministries and careers. To learn how BJU can help you prepare to follow Christ in whatever ministries or vocations He calls you to, visit us at go.bju.edu/follow.

22 OLASKY.indd 4

For graduation rates, the median debt of students who completed the program and other important info visit go.bju.edu/rates. (13966) 8/13

CHRIST

10/15/13 10:05 AM

WORLD Magazine Nov. 2, 2013 Vol. 28 No. 22  

Real matters.

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you