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Teen Mania trouble | South By Southwest mania

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Coat of many dollars Is your child’s college education worth it? plus A 2014

primaries primer From Pearls to peril

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Contents    ,     /         ,       

     

34 Salt and light on campus

Christian colleges and universities feel the pressure to prove that the education they offer is worth the heavy costs      

42 To train up a Pharisee Michael and Debi Pearl’s method of discipline has many advocates, but critics say it lacks the gospel

46 Management mania

Christian youth organization struggles to survive financial turmoil

 

5 News 16 Quotables 18 Quick Takes

50 Life (and death) at South By Southwest

Tragedy at fast-growing festival provokes public soul-searching and questions for other American megafestivals. Are some becoming victims of their success?

 

54 Rebels from the right


A small group of tea party upstarts is taking on establishment—and very well-funded—Senate Republicans in primaries this summer


  :    

59 Lifestyle 61 Technology 62 Science 63 Houses of God 64 Sports 65 Religion

50 54


3 Joel Belz 20 Janie B. Cheaney 32 Mindy Belz 67 Mailbag 71 Andrée Seu Peterson 72 Marvin Olasky

59   —.—    

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23 Movies & TV 26 Books 28 Q&A 30 Music

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4/16/14 11:59 AM



Equipping Christian Leaders

Invest Wisely.

“The earth is the L’s and the fullness thereof; the world and those who dwell therein.” —Psalm :     Marvin Olasky  Mindy Belz   Timothy Lamer   Jamie Dean   Janie B. Cheaney, Susan Olasky, Andrée Seu Peterson, John Piper, Edward E. Plowman, Cal Thomas, Lynn Vincent  Emily Belz, J.C. Derrick, Daniel James Devine, Sophia Lee, Angela Lu, Edward Lee Pitts  Megan Basham, Anthony Bradley, Andrew Branch, Tim Challies, John Dawson, Amy Henry, Mary Jackson, Thomas S. Kidd, Michael Leaser, Jill Nelson, Arsenio Orteza, Tiffany Owens, Stephanie Perrault, Emily Whitten   Les Sillars   June McGraw


Send Him.   David K. Freeland    Robert L. Patete   Rachel Beatty  Krieg Barrie    Arla J. Eicher     Dawn Wilson

Thousands of native missionaries in poorer countries effectively take the gospel to unreached people groups in areas that are extremely difficult for American missionaries to reach.

  Al Saiz, Angela Scalli, Alan Wood

4 They speak the local languages

 ..

4 They are part of the culture

4 They never need a visa, airline tickets, or furloughs

 

4 They win souls and plant churches

 Jim Chisolm

Native missionaries serve the Lord at a fraction of what it costs to send an American missionary overseas.

 ..

Help provide for a missionary with $50 per month.

  Kristin Chapman, Mary Ruth Murdoch Christian Aid Mission P. O. Box 9037 Charlottesville, VA 22906 434-977-5650

    Kevin Martin  Joel Belz   Warren Cole Smith   Larry Huff   Debra Meissner      Mickey McLean   Leigh Jones   Lynde Langdon, Angela Lu, Dan Perkins   Whitney Williams



     Marvin Olasky      Leigh Jones

     Nickolas S. Eicher   Joseph Slife ’     Howard Brinkman    David Strassner (chairman), Mariam Bell, Kevin Cusack, Peter Lillback, Howard Miller, William Newton, Russell B. Pulliam, David Skeel, Nelson Somerville, Ladeine Thompson, Raymon Thompson, John Weiss, John White   To report, interpret, and illustrate the news in a timely, accurate, enjoyable, and arresting fashion from a perspective committed to the Bible as the inerrant Word of God.

Contact us: .. /      ,    ,  ,         (current members) or (to become a member)  .. (within the United States) or .. (outside the United States) Monday-Friday (except holidays),  a.m.- p.m. ET CREDIT

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4/14/14 9:43 AM

Joel Belz

Silent submission

Why are so many Christians so scared of the doctrine of creation?


I     as there are massive mudslides in Washington, earthquakes in Chile, and droughts in the Central Valley of California, we’re all consigned to keep paying attention to yet another mini-disaster: The incessant chatter of newscasters who used to blame all this on Mother Nature, and now are bold instead to hold climate change responsible. For serious Christians, though, such references should remind us of the unusual opportunities such events give us for saying straightforwardly that the doctrine of creation matters. The problem is, as I’ve argued here before, that so few Christians really believe that anymore. They can’t any longer say the word “creation” with conviction or gumption. For a generation or more now, evangelicals have increasingly swallowed the line that what we believe about origins isn’t all that different from what everyone else believes—except that we’re careful faithfully but lamely to add that God controls the process. Leading evangelical colleges


quietly but efficiently persuade thousands of students that theistic evolution is a more sophisticated and less embarrassing explanation of origins than what we learned as beginners in Sunday school. Those who hold to any form of fiat creation are regularly made to feel as if they should also be speaking Elizabethan English. But these days it’s become even more difficult than that. Now even those who speak in tones of theistic evolution, or others who are so restrained that they publicly commit to nothing more specific than intelligent design, are regarded as retrograde


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throwbacks to simplistic thinking. I can never forget the encounter I had some time back with a woman next ahead of me in line at the bank. We were watching a cat just outside the window, crouched beneath a bush and eyeing a bird above her as only a feline can. “I have two cats,” the woman told me. “But I don’t let them play with birds. Mice, voles, shrews— OK. They can gobble them up to their hearts’ content. But no birds. Can you believe some people get a thrill out of watching a cat catch and eat a bird?” Well, no, I can’t—unless maybe it’s a lion in Kenya on the prowl for a buzzard. But I was puzzled then, and have been ever since, at the woman’s double standard. “Do you suppose,” I asked her, “that God built that into His creation—that He planned that we would put a higher value on canaries than we do on mice? Or is that something we came up with on our own?” The woman responded with a disdainfully blank stare, and turned ever so deliberately to end the conversation. I had, of course, broken a profound social taboo. I had allowed religion to contaminate a conversation that had been focused on secular issues. That’s why so many folks get so annoyed when the question is raised about the possibility that the Creator of the universe also occasionally rattles parts of that universe a bit—as he did in northern Chile last month. “Leave God out of this,” they insist. The big problem now, though, isn’t that those “bad” people out there—the academics, the scientists, the big media people, and the people who run national parks and museums—leave God out of the discussion. The big problem more and more is that those of us who profess to be believers have to such a large extent joined them in their silence. So theoretically, we are still creationists. But practically speaking, we don’t let our allegiance to that great truth affect us much in everyday life. We’ve become scared to talk out loud, at least in public company. With His magnificent creation, and with the exercise of His incredible providence in that creation, God gives us countless opportunities to witness to His greatness. Even when we’re reluctant to bring up the subject, He does! Shame on us all for not taking the hint and using it more often as a springboard to a few God-centered conversations. A

M AY 3 , 20 1 4 • W O R L D

4/16/14 12:04 PM

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4/14/14 9:45 AM

Dispatches News > Quotables > Quick Takes

APRIL 16: South Korean coast guard officers try to rescue passengers from the Sewol in the water off the coast south of Seoul, South Korea. Dozens of boats, helicopters, and divers scrambled to rescue more than 470 people, including 325 high-school students on a school trip, after the ferry sank, killing at least four and injuring 14. Hyung Min-woo/Yonhap/AP

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4/16/14 12:24 PM

Dispatches > News T h u r s d a y, A p r i l 

We d n e s d a y, A p r i l 

For donors itching to contribute to a limitless number of candidates during an election cycle, the U.S. Supreme Court delivered good news: In a - ruling, the court removed the nine-candidate limit. Opponents decried the easing of campaign finance laws, but the court’s majority noted that donors still may give only , to each candidate per cycle. A White House spokesman denounced the ruling aboard Air Force One, hours before President Barack Obama headlined a Chicago fundraiser to benefit the Democratic National Committee. Ticket prices: , per plate.

Double deaths

 

Pro-life groups confirmed a woman died after undergoing a late-term abortion at the Preterm abortion center in downtown Cleveland. Paramedics rushed Lakisha Wilson, , to the hospital after she stopped breathing while at the center in late March. Doctors declared her dead a week later. An online obituary noted Wilson was a member of a local church and “was introduced to the Lord at a young age.” Survivors included a -year-old son.

Fort Hood sorrow Less than five years after the Fort Hood army post in Killeen, Texas, suffered the deadliest attack ever on a domestic military installation, violence erupted again: Spc. Ivan Lopez, , opened fire at the base, killing three soldiers and injuring , before taking his own life. Investigators noted Lopez began shooting after a dispute regarding his request for leave. One the victims, Sgt. First Class Daniel Ferguson, , suffered a fatal wound while blocking the gunman’s entrance to a room full of soldiers.


Freer speech

Hired The Family Research Council has hired former NFL star and sportscaster Craig James as an assistant to the president. James, , is in the midst of a legal battle against Fox Sports Southwest, which last year fired him days into a contract because of his views on same-sex marriage. In , when James was running unsuccessfully for the U.S. Senate, he expressed support for the biblical definition of marriage. The Texas Workforce Commission in March issued a charge of discrimination against Fox Sports Southwest.

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Chilling proposition Tech giant Mozilla announced CEO Brendan Eich resigned after gay rights groups lambasted his support for traditional marriage. Eich co-founded the company that created the popular web browser Firefox. But after his March  promotion to CEO, gay rights activists decried his , donation in  to the campaign supporting Proposition , the constitutional amendment that banned same-sex marriage in California. Mozilla executives initially defended Eich’s promotion, but later apologized. Eich resigned on April . Blogger Andrew Sullivan— who is gay—and some other supporters of same-sex marriage opposed the firing: “This is a repugnantly illiberal sentiment. It is also unbelievably stupid for the gay rights movement. … And all of us will come to regret it.” The National Organization for Marriage, meanwhile, called for a consumer boycott of Mozilla, and comments on Mozilla’s Firefox Input feedback forum were overwhelmingly opposed to the firing.

M o n d a y, A p r i l 



A life laid down An unidentified assailant in Syria shot and killed -year-old Dutch Jesuit priest Frans van der Lugt, as Syria’s violence continued to spiral, and Christians continued to face danger. The priest had lived in Syria for decades, and remained in the rebelheld Old City of Homs after a truce allowed more than , civilians and fighters to evacuate in January. Lugt told a relief agency at the time that he was the only priest left in the area to help suffering residents: “How can I leave?” he asked. “It is impossible.”

Photo finished

F r i d a y, A p r i l 

South Sudan sanctions President Barack Obama signed an executive order threatening sanctions against anyone who commits or stokes civil war in South Sudan. The order comes four months after fighting erupted between forces loyal to President Salva Kiir and former Vice President Riek Machar. Since December, thousands have died in the conflict, while , have fled their homes, and another , have fled the country. Opposing leaders offered the same reaction to the threat of U.S. sanctions: Each side said it wasn’t worried because it wasn’t responsible for the war.

The U.S. Supreme Court declined to hear the case of a Christian wedding photographer who faced fines after refusing to photograph a lesbian couple’s commitment ceremony in . New Mexico photographer Elaine Huguenin said participating in the event would violate her Christian beliefs in the biblical definition of marriage. A lower court ruled her actions were discriminatory. Justice Richard Bosson concurred with the majority opinion in the state’s Supreme Court, but said the law compels Huguenin and her husband to “compromise the very religious beliefs that inspire their lives.”

Huskie victories The University of Connecticut celebrated a double victory, as its men’s and women’s basketball teams won the NCAA basketball championships. A - victory over the University of Kentucky was especially notable for the men, coming a year after the team faced a postseason ban over academic woes.

Died Actor Mickey Rooney, whose career spanned nine decades, died April  at age . Born Joseph Yule Jr., Rooney starred in film, on television, and on Broadway, ranging from National Velvet () to The Twilight Zone () and Night at the Museum (). He received four Oscar nominations and won two Emmy Awards but had to rebuild his career multiple times. Turmoil marked much of Rooney’s life: He married eight times (and had nine children), filed for bankruptcy, struggled with gambling and alcohol abuse, and in  testified to Congress that he was the victim of elder abuse. Download WORLD’s iPad app today; details at

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M AY 3 , 20 1 4 • W O R L D

4/16/14 11:30 AM

Dispatches > News We d n e s d a y, A p r i l 9

Password unprotected

Numbers crunch

President Barack Obama and other Democrats continued to trumpet the 7 million Americans who have signed up for healthcare insurance through the federal exchange. But other numbers reveal a fuller picture: As many as 20 percent of enrollees haven’t paid yet, and it’s unclear how many enrollees signed up for coverage after their insurance companies canceled plans that didn’t comply with Obamacare standards. By the end of last year, the Associated Press reported insurance companies had ­canceled nearly 5 million plans.

Seekers searching The news agency Foreign Policy released a fascinating glimpse into what Chinese ­citizens are searching for on the internet. The short answer: more Christianity, less Communism. The compilation of information from Weibo, China’s primary social media platform, showed far more mentions of God than Chairman Mao, and more mentions of Jesus than President Xi Jinping. The term “Christian congregation” garnered 41.8 million hits, while “Communist Party” registered 5.3 million.

Diplomatic baggage The Obama administration announced it would deny a visa to Iran’s choice for the country’s next ambassador to the United Nations. The ­reason: Hamid Aboutalebi served as a translator for the Iranian mob that stormed the American embassy in Tehran in 1979. Iranian officials downplayed Aboutalebi’s ties to the hostage crisis, but U.S. officials said it wouldn’t be appropriate for him to work at the UN mission in New York. During the crisis, Iranians held more than 60 Americans hostage for 444 days.

Named CBS on April 10 announced comedian Stephen Colbert will take over the Late Show for the outgoing David Letterman. Colbert, 49, hosts Comedy Central’s popular The Colbert Report, a news parody program. In a statement, Colbert, who grew up as the youngest of 11 in a Catholic family, said he “never dreamed” he would follow in Letterman’s footsteps. Letterman, 66, began hosting the Late Show in 1993 and will retire at the end of this year. 8 

obamacare: SAEED KHAN/AFP/Getty Images • internet: Andy Wong/ap • password: SAEED KHAN/AFP/Getty Images • Aboutalebi: Mohammad Berno/ Iranian Presidency/ap • Cobert: handout

Tu e s d a y, A p r i l 8

Major tech firms urged members of the public to change their passwords on sensitive internet sites—like email, banking, and file storage—after revelations that an encryption flaw could have left a half million websites vulnerable to cyber attack over the last two years. Major internet companies like Yahoo and Amazon scrambled to update their networks to guard against the security flaw, but many tech experts said the best safeguard for internet users is to change their passwords now.

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4/16/14 11:35 AM



SUMMIT 2014 "America at Its Best" JULY 18-20 ◊ DENVER, CO ◊ HYATT REGENCY

obamacare: SAEED KHAN/AFP/Getty Images • internet: Andy Wong/ap • password: SAEED KHAN/AFP/Getty Images • Aboutalebi: Mohammad Berno/ Iranian Presidency/ap • Cobert: handout

One hundred days ahead of a crucial election, friends of freedom will gather to share and prepare. Be there!

Laura Ingraham

Dennis Prager

Michele Bachmann US Rep. (MN)

Rush’s “Bo Snerdley”

David Horowitz

Mary Katharine Ham

Robert Woodson

Betsy McCaughey

Fox News

Conservative Writer

Hugh Hewitt

Salem Radio Host

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4/15/14 1:27 PM

Dispatches > News F r i d a y, A p r i l  

Religious freedom

T h u r s d a y, A p r i l  

Sebelius resigns

Lerner’s lessons A House committee voted to hold in contempt former IRS official Lois Lerner for refusing to testify about the extra scrutiny the IRS gave conservative groups applying for tax-exempt status. In earlier congressional hearings, Lerner had invoked the Fifth Amendment to protect against self-incrimination, but not before declaring her innocence in a written statement. Some House members said when Lerner claimed innocence, she waived her constitutional right not to testify.

Senate transplant Former Massachusetts Sen. Scott Brown announced he would run for the U.S. Senate again— this time in New Hampshire. Brown, a Republican, won a special election in Massachusetts in , but lost his seat to Democrat Elizabeth Warren two years later. Brown moved to New Hampshire in December, and joins other politicians who have moved to another state to run for Senate, including Hillary Clinton. At least one statistic could bode well for Brown: At least two-thirds of New Hampshire adults were born in another state.

Filed A transgendered student at a Christian university in Oregon has filed a complaint against the institution over a housing dispute. The student, named Jayce M. in legal documents, entered George Fox University as a female but then began the process of changing her identity—both physically and legally. George Fox has singlesex housing and proposed Jayce live alone on campus next year, but she wants to live in male housing. Jayce’s attorney told WORLD his client is a Christian and does not see a gender change as incompatible with the Bible.


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Six months after Kathleen Sebelius presided over one of the most disastrous rollouts of a government program in modern history, the secretary of Health and Human Services resigned her post. President Obama tapped Sylvia Mathews Burwell, the current director of the Office of Management and Budget, to replace Sebelius and take over management of Obamacare. But Republicans said Sebelius’ resignation won’t solve the problems of the massive healthcare program. Sen. Jerry Moran, R-Kan., warned that “even though Secretary Sebelius will be gone, every promise the president made about Obamacare—if you like your doctor, you can keep your doctor; health care costs will be lowered; and if you like your health plan you can keep it—will remain broken.”

Canada’s first Christian law school gained accreditation despite intense criticism from gay rights groups and some members of the legal community. The Law Society of British Columbia voted overwhelmingly to approve accreditation for the new law school at Trinity Western University (TWU) in Langley, British Columbia. Opponents argued TWU’s requirement that students abstain from sex outside of heterosexual marriage discriminates against homosexuals, and that the school couldn’t teach the law objectively. No one has ever leveled a discrimination claim against the -year-old university.

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4/16/14 12:17 PM

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9 NEWS 2.indd 11

4/16/14 11:49 AM

Vision Forum lawsuit

S a t u r d a y & S u n d a y, A p r i l   -  

India votes Indian voters continued streaming to polls in what could become the world’s largest election: India has at least  million eligible voters. The elections will progress in stages over five weeks at some , polling stations. For some Christians, the outcome could hold long-term implications for safety. Many are concerned that widespread wins for the Hindu nationalist party BJP could pose a threat to a minority already suffering: The Evangelical Fellowship of India reported at least  attacks on Christians last year—many in states ruled by the BJP.

Hate crimes in Kansas Authorities say a -year-old avowed anti-Semite opened fire at a Jewish community center in Overland Park, Kan., killing three people—all Christians. Officials identified the gunman as Frazier Glenn Cross, a white supremacist and former Ku Klux Klan leader. One victim, Terri LaManno, was a -year-old Catholic visiting her mother at a nearby retirement complex. The family of the two other victims released a statement identifying them as William Lewis Corporon and his -yearold grandson, Reat Griffin Underwood, who was at the center to audition for a local talent show. “We take comfort knowing they are together in heaven,” the family said.

Kidnapped Terrified parents told the BBC that gunmen abducted at least  teenage


Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau CREDIT

girls from a boarding school on April  in Nigeria’s Borno state. The parents said militants arrived at the school late in the night and ordered the girls into trucks. A student who escaped the attack confirmed the details to the BBC. Suspicion fell on Boko Haram—the Islamist group waging a brutal campaign of terror to force an Islamic state in the north.

In October of last year, Doug Phillips resigned as president of Vision Forum Ministries, admitting to a “lengthy, inappropriate relationship” with an unmarried woman (see “Set Adrift,” April ). On April , attorneys for the woman filed a complaint in a San Antonio court against Phillips, VFM, and Vision Forum Inc. (VFI)—the for-profit company Phillips owns. The complaint identifies the woman as Lourdes Torres-Manteufel, a former member of Phillips’ church. Torres met the Phillips family as a teenager, and helped in their home and on ministry trips. The complaint alleges Phillips committed “inappropriate, unwanted, and immoral sexual acts” against Torres. The complaint graphically alleges sexual incidents, but not intercourse, and it doesn’t allege sexual contact when Torres was a minor. In a March statement to WORLD, Phillips’ attorney said he advised his client to decline comment due to pending litigation, and said that Torres’ legal claims “are strictly and generally denied.” The attorney called the claims “false, defamatory, and made with malicious intent, to destroy Doug Phillips, his family, and his ministry.”


Tu e s d a y, A p r i l  

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4/16/14 12:38 PM


Dispatches > News

April 30 Voters in Iraq will go to the

polls for the first time since U.S. forces withdrew in . The Shiite-backed party of Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki is likely to prevail—but faces rising militant violence and the growing threat of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, an al-Qaeda– linked group that controls Fallujah and is fighting Iraqi forces less than  miles from the capital.



Publisher changes

You can be gay and Christian, proclaims a book scheduled for release on April  by a publishing house known until now for its evangelical worldview—but the book has emerged from a new imprint that could allow the publishing house to avoid alienating its evangelical market. God and the Gay Christian, by Matthew Vines, is coming out from Convergent Books, a publisher under the same corporate umbrella and leadership as the evangelical WaterBrook Multnomah Publishing Group. Vines is a -year-old former Harvard student who attempts to refute biblical passages that declare homosexuality a sin. WaterBrook Multnomah is the publishing imprint behind bestsellers such as John Piper’s Desiring God and books by evangelical authors David Jeremiah and Kay Arthur. It started as the printing arm of Multnomah Bible College, in Portland, Ore. But Penguin Random House, an international publishing company with financial obligations to its owners, now owns WaterBrook Multnomah. Steve Cobb is the head of WaterBrook Multnomah, and he is now also the head of Convergent. Cobb told WORLD: “Books will publish in the Convergent imprint that I could not have considered for publication prior to its creation because it would just not have been appropriate for the established audience of Multnomah or WaterBrook.”

LOOKING AHEAD May 1 While events go on across the country for

the National Day of Prayer, Virginians will be able to hold their prayer rally at the state Capitol just as they always have. In April, Virginia Gov. Terry McAuliffe moved to push the event to a later afternoon time slot. But after sharp criticism, the Democrat agreed to let organizers hold the event at noon.

May 2 After rebooting the Spider-

Man universe in  with the release of The Amazing Spider-Man, Marvel will release its sequel starring Andrew Garfield in the titular role. The sequel has earned positive reviews, especially for the British-born Garfield and his on- and off-screen love interest Emma Stone.

May 3

Muddle the mint juleps and break out the fancy hats: America’s most famous horse race returns to Louisville. After winning the April  Santa Anita Derby, racehorse California Chrome became the favorite to take home the roses and become this year’s winner at the Kentucky Derby.

May 5

A number of Atlanta schoolteachers and administrators accused of cheating on behalf of their students to inflate standardized test scores are scheduled to go on trial today in a Georgia courtroom. The cases stem from an alleged effort by some Atlanta schools in  to raise test scores by erasing and correcting student answers. Some teachers already have pled guilty.


Arrested Authorities arrested a -year-old Utah woman on April  after finding seven dead babies in her former residence. Megan Huntsman’s ex-husband found a dead baby while cleaning out the home where Huntsman lived until  and alerted police, who found six more bodies in cardboard boxes in the garage. Investigators believe Huntsman gave birth to  children: the three she kept and the seven who died between  and . Listen to WORLD on the radio at

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M AY 3 , 20 1 4 • W O R L D


4/16/14 12:43 PM

Dispatches > News

Out with Obamacare caretaker

With resignation of Kathleen Sebelius, Republicans look to revive healthcare debate By edward lee pitts



W O R L D • M ay 3 , 20 1 4

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confirmation hearings for Sylvia Burwell, Obama’s nominee to replace Sebelius. Last year, the Senate voted 96-0 to confirm Burwell, a Harvard graduate and longtime Democratic staff member with former President Bill Clinton, to her post as director of the Office of Management and Budget. It’s doubtful Republicans will be that easy on Burwell this time around—given the opportunity to put Democrats on the record ahead of November elections. The midterm election strategy of congressional Democrats has focused on saying as little as possible about Obamacare. Many Democratic staff members had hoped Sebelius would wait to leave until after ­voters went to the polls. Her resignation surprised many on Capitol Hill, and puts ­vulnerable Democrats ­seeking reelection on the Obamacare defensive. Sen. Jerry Moran, RKan., was just one of many Republicans who used the Sebelius news to issue a statement reminding voters about broken promises the president made concerning Obamacare. “Changing the secretary

won’t change the problem,” Moran said. “A disaster is still a disaster.” The prospect of an Obamacare spotlight amid Burwell’s confirmation hearings should make Democrats uneasy, considering the latest poll numbers. More than 80 percent of respondents in a new Pew Research Center survey said a candidate’s stance on Obamacare is important; 54 percent said “very important.” Those who say the issue is important disapprove of the law by a 2-to-1 margin. Overall, 50 percent of Americans in the poll said they disapproved of the law, while 37 percent favored it. That is the lowest approval rating for Obamacare since the summer of 2010, just before voters sent a wave of Republicans to the House. With those numbers, Democratic incumbents should expect a barrage of ads tying them to Obama­ care leading up to November. And Senate Democrats will be forced to make a confirmation vote that Republicans are likely to depict as another approval of the unpopular Obamacare. Vulnerable Democrats fighting to stay in power likely will turn Sebelius into

their scapegoat. Her series of verbal missteps make her a prime target. She claimed last summer that the Obamacare website was “on target” and “ready to go” only to see its October ­rollout turn into a disaster. At a congressional ­hearing last October, Sebelius acknowledged that Obamacare “has been a ­miserably frustrating experience” for too many Americans. “You deserve better,” she added. “I apologize.” But Sebelius did, in March 2013, become one of the few Obama administration officials to admit that insurance premiums could increase as a result of Obamacare—a prediction that’s come true for millions of Americans. Republicans reacted to the Sebelius announcement by questioning what took her so long to resign. “It’s about time,” said Rep. Tim Huelskamp, a Republican from Kansas where Sebelius once served as governor. But many Republicans hope her exit has come at just the right time, allowing a debate the president says is over to perhaps begin again. A


With their Rose Garden party at the beginning of April, Team Obama had hoped to write a happy ending to Obamacare’s clunky rollout well ahead of this fall’s midterm elections. During that celebration of 7 million people signed up for insurance under the Affordable Care Act, President Barack Obama declared, “The debate over repealing this law is over.” But that pep rally and the positive media coverage it triggered seem a thing of the past, as Kathleen Sebelius’ April 11 resignation as health and human services secretary—coming months after an Obamacare launch she admitted was a debacle— places the healthcare debate back on the political main stage. “I hope this is the start of a candid conversation about Obamacare’s shortcomings,” said Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky. “Virtually everyone who has come into contact with this law has had new reason to worry about what it means for the government to ­control their health care.” The platform for the conversation Republicans hope to have will be the upcoming

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4/16/14 12:08 PM



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4/14/14 9:49 AM

Dispatches > Quotables

‘I do not accept that we drown in a sea of hunger, letting the waves of death drag us under.’ Catholic priest Frans van der Lugt, in a January video message from the Syrian city of Homs, where he was shot and killed on April 7. In the video van der Lugt also showed how ­little food he had on hand to feed Muslim and Christian families he had taken in—a bucket of olives and some wheat he said they were making into soup.

‘I told them this is England and not North Korea and told them to get their lawyers.’

‘Christian. Husband. Daddy. Pro-golfer.’ Champion golfer Bubba Watson’s description of himself on Twitter. Watson on April 13 won his second Masters Tournament in three years but said that “having my son means more to me than a green jacket.” Watson and his wife adopted their son Caleb two years ago.


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London hairdresser Mo Nabbach, after two North Korean embassy officials visited him to demand that he remove a poster in his salon window. The poster featured a large picture of North Korean leader Kim Jung Un with the line, “Bad hair day? 15 percent off all gent cuts through the month of April.” Nabbach did take down the poster.

‘I think there is a gay mafia. I think if you cross them, you do get whacked.’ Liberal comedian Bill Maher after Mozilla fired CEO Brendan Eich over his stance against s­ ame-sex marriage.

bubba: Jeff Siner/Charlotte Observer/MCT via Getty Images Dowling College: handout • Frans van der Lugt: handout • poster: M&M Hair Academy/ap • Maher: Frank Micelotta/ap

Steven Fournier, a senior at Dowling College in Long Island, on the campus atmosphere as the college closes buildings and cuts costs. Dozens of small ­private colleges have seen enrollments drop more than 10 percent and are ­struggling to survive. Clayton Christensen, a professor at the Harvard Business School, predicted to the Bloomberg news service that half of all colleges and ­universities in the United States may go under in the next 15 years as online learning revolutionizes education.

Visit our website——for breaking news and more 

4/16/14 12:29 PM


‘There’s a lot of fear here. It’s not the same college I arrived at.’



9 QUOTABLES.indd 17

4/15/14 4:33 PM

Dispatches > Quick Takes

  Three cheeseburgers, a Happy Meal, a Coke, and a McFlurry. That’s the meal -year-old Stian Ytterdahl will never forget—because he now has the receipt permanently etched into his forearm. Ytterdahl’s friends convinced the Norwegian teenager to tattoo a copy of a McDonald’s receipt from a March  meal onto his arm after they complained he had recently become too popular with girls around his southeastern Norway hometown. And at least one female was horrified: his mother. After posting a picture of the new tat on Facebook, Ytterdahl’s father sent him an exasperated message: “He said, ‘What on earth have you done?! Do you think you are coming home with that!? Your mother has had a break down,’” Ytterdahl told Expressen. For his part, Ytterdahl said he currently finds the tattoo funny but concedes he may not see the humor when he’s .

    The Transportation Security Administration may be relaxing some rules, but agents still look down upon bringing unexploded ordinance on board commercial jets. Baggage screeners at Chicago’s O’Hare International Airport confiscated World War I–era artillery shells from a pair of teenagers who were returning from a school trip to Europe on April . The teens told authorities they scavenged the shells during a field trip to a French artillery range. The discovery prompted a call to TSA bomb-disposal experts and stalled the students as they tried to connect on to Seattle. After investigating, the bomb-disposal crew determined the inert -inch shells posed no threat, and the students were allowed to make their connection.


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What happens when an elementary school less than  minutes from Billy Joel’s Long Island home decides to put on a music show featuring covers of the Piano Man? Of course, he showed up. Joel made a surprise appearance at Deasy Elementary School’s Billy Joel–themed spring concert. Officials at the school had issued invitations to the recording star but assumed he would skip the event. But when he was spotted in the crowd on April , Deasy Principal Nomi Rosen offered Joel a spot in the front. Not wanting to disturb the students— or the music teacher directing the performance—Joel opted to watch from the back of the room.


The fledgling North Korean space agency has felt its way through several problems. Their rockets generally crash. There are no North Korean astronauts. But the agency’s latest public relations mishap is particularly symbolic. On March , the North Korean space agency revealed a new logo for its National Aerospace Development Administration which appears to borrow heavily from the NASA logo. Moreover, the English acronym for the North Korean agency, NADA, is prominently featured. “Nada,” of course, is Spanish for “nothing.”

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4/15/14 4:17 PM


   

   



Of all the flotsam and jetsam encountered by German fisherman Konrad Fischer, the beer bottle he scooped out of the Baltic Sea in March has proven to be the most historic. The reason: Inside the bottle was a postcard dated May , , that finally found its way into someone’s hands. Though much of the writing had become illegible, researchers at the International Maritime Museum in Hamburg, Germany, were able to trace the postcard to a man named Richard Platz who as a -year-old in  pitched the message-in-a-bottle into the Baltic Sea. And with an assist from a local genealogist, the museum tracked down Platz’s -year-old granddaughter to show her the document on April .

Sometimes the name fits the crime. According to police, Cameo Adawn Crispi, , deliberately left a pound of bacon on the wood-fueled stove on March  in an attempt to burn down her ex-boyfriend’s Naples, Utah, home. Officers responding to emergency calls managed to extinguish the fire and arrested Crispi. Police say they suspect alcohol may have been involved, considering Crispi was found with a blood-alcohol level of . percent.

  More than  years after dining and dashing from Salt Lake City’s Lamb’s Grill, an anonymous man paid his bill. Server Jasmine Back was on duty to witness the reconciliation on April : “This woman walks in the front door, and she looks like she’s on a mission,” said Back. And indeed she was. The elderly man’s daughter then explained that back in —at the age of — her father skipped his  bill when he realized he didn’t have enough to pay. The woman then gave the server  to cover the -year-old check. Grill owner Francis Liong said he plans to track down the family that owned the restaurant at the time to pay back the debt to the correct people.

 

  In the world of competitive lawn mower racing, Honda has proved itself a cut above. In March, a ,cc performance lawn mower dubbed by Honda as “The Mean Mower” raced into the record books with an all-time best speed of . mph. Piers Ward of the BBC program TopGear set the Guinness World Record mark at a specialty course in Tarragona, Spain. But don’t expect Mean Mower clones to find their way to home improvement retailers: In order fit all the equipment on the speedy mower, builders cannibalized the mulching bin to fit the rig’s enlarged gas tank and radiator.

A Maine man must have thought he had just become a made man. On April , a South Portland ATM machine began spewing cash after the man, unidentified by police, tried to make a  withdrawal. A woman waiting in line reported the incident to police who arrived to find the man stuffing wads of cash into a shopping bag. Unpersuaded by a “finders keepers” argument, police forced the man to return all the cash—about , in total—to the bank. Officials at the TD Bank branch say the machine suffered a software error.

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4/15/14 4:17 PM

Janie B. Cheaney

Holy alliance Only a counterfeit holiness makes a divide between body and spirit



W O R L D • M AY 3 , 20 1 4

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A few days after the release of the movie Noah, Dr. Brian Mattson of the Center for Cultural Leadership burned up Christian cyberspace with a post called “Sympathy for the Devil.” He makes a convincing case that the film’s frame of reference is not the Bible at all, but the Zohar, an ancient Jewish Gnostic text. Noah’s world was made by “the Creator”—not the supreme deity, but a lower god who spitefully meant to wipe out mankind and save only the animals. Lucky for us, his plan was thwarted when Noah recovered the magical skin of the serpent of Eden, and Dr. Mattson is flabbergasted that Christian leaders who praised and castigated the film didn’t catch its overriding symbolism. Interesting. Some form of Gnosticism (and there are many) seems to be one way the secular world feeds its deep need for sanctity: material = bad, spiritual = good, and never the twain shall meet. It helps explain why (as I’m not the first to remark) we’re in for a bewildering period of “gender fluidity,” where physical characteristics have nothing to do with one’s inner self. “Luminous beings are we,” says Yoda (The Empire Strikes Back): “not this crude matter.” But authentic holiness makes no such divide. In the beginning God made a new thing, a good earth and a creature formed from dust but animated by divine breath. True man is spiritual and material, commissioned to rule the earth in intimate partnership with his Maker. Going against God’s intention led to the great split between flesh and spirit, as well as fruitless efforts to overcome it. But we can’t. Jesus does, taking on the image of man and completing in His body the rituals and sacrifices prescribed in Leviticus. There’s our Holiness, risen beyond the stars but joined to us by His “life-giving spirit” ( Corinthians :). The split is healed, and the world doesn’t even know it. A


H    to you? You’re traveling through the desert on the way to the Promised Land, and it’s been an interesting journey so far: waters parting, mountain smoking, trumpets sounding, an epic fail in the form of a golden calf, the whole project almost scrapped. But the tabernacle gets built and you’re back on track, just before smacking the wall of Leviticus. Here, according to anecdotal evidence, is where new Christians bail out of their daily Biblereading plans. Detailed directions on four kinds of sacrifices, observances and holy days and the Hebrew calendar, instructions for skin diseases and bodily discharges and sexual relations—in no clear order, so it feels like  years of wandering in the desert. What is this all about? “Be holy, for I am holy” (Leviticus :). Just what does it mean to be holy? The dictionary definition is both simple and obscure: “of, derived from, or associated with a divine power; sanctified.” Isaiah’s vision of God’s holiness almost unraveled him—how are mere mortals to be holy like that? To be “set apart,” I understand, but how does it look? Is it physical and lifestyle separation? Can one be holy in a bar or at the movies? The actual shape of holiness is hard to get a handle on. Surprisingly, though, Christians aren’t the only ones who grapple with holiness. From the beginning of time, humans have sensed a spiritual dimension to life—“fundamentally religious” is one way to describe humanity. A sense of sanctity abides, though without the Bible as a corrective, sanctity (a.k.a. holiness) sharply divides the “spiritual” from the material. Before drinking that cup of hemlock, Socrates consoled his followers with the doctrine that he would soon be free of his mortal body, and good riddance. The Platonic teachings of Socrates’ greatest student reinforced the soul-body split. The oldest heresy in the world goes even further, preaching that the material world is evil and can be overcome only by the initiated who acquire the tokens of secret knowledge. Gnosticism (drawn from the Greek word for “knowledge”) has always been around, but as the outward walls of Christianity crumble, it’s making a comeback.


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4/14/14 9:50 AM


The 2014 Wilberforce Weekend Honoring the 2014 Wilberforce Award Recipient

Reverend Canon Andrew White Vicar of St. George’s Church, Baghdad

May 2–4, 2014 Chantilly, Virginia

WILBERFORCEWEEKEND.COM Other notable conference speakers: Eric Metaxas, John Stonestreet, Jay Richards, Stuart McAllister, Skye Jethani, Anielka Münkel, David Wills, and more.

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9 MOVIES & TV.indd 22

4/14/14 10:50 AM


Be encouraged by his eye-opening story of making the impossible possible

Reviews Movies  TV > Books > QA > Music

Afterlife on screen MOVIE: Heaven Is for Real emphasizes a wondrous hereafter at the risk of underplaying a terrible hell SONY PICTURES



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B- C don’t need Hollywood to tell them heaven exists. But as they watch Heaven Is for Real, a drama film based on a nonfiction book, many will be asking, “Is Heaven Is for Real for real?” After all, a toddler’s account of heaven—asking angels to sing “We Will, We Will Rock You” and petting Jesus’ rainbow horse—does sound like a far stretch from the Bible. Based on the  best-selling memoir by evangelical pastor Todd Burpo of Imperial, Neb., Heaven Is for Real follows the doubts and hopes of a father (Greg Kinnear) whose son Colton (Connor Corum) apparently visits heaven during a near-death experience on the operating table. Months later, Colton starts sharing what he saw,

stunning his parents with details on what he couldn’t possibly know as a -yearold boy. The film stays faithful to the book’s core, but minor details are altered, and you don’t get Todd’s long, detailed thought process of trying to align Colton’s report with the Scriptures. Instead, in an effort not to preach but show, the movie allows Todd, his family, and his church to voice the typical disbeliefs people might have. After Todd publicizes his son’s story from the pulpit, the church board calls Todd in for a meeting about their concerns. “It disturbs me,” one church member (Margo Martindale) says, calling Colton’s account a “fairy tale” that provides “some simple, easy explanation in life.” Opposition storms at home as well. As Todd spends nights researching the afterlife, his wife counts pennies to pay a , hospital bill.

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Southern Baptist, but also attended a year’s seminary at Duke Divinity School (and the book was co-written by former WORLD features editor Lynn Vincent). That doesn’t mean the film is only tailored toward the Christian audience, but it does mean when re-creating Colton’s visit to heaven, Wallace takes a prudently conservative approach. Scenes of heaven are brief and few, and though the real Colton described Jesus and the angels in some detail, the film shrouds them in brilliant, blinding light. What’s heavenly, however, is the cinematography: the endless pearly cloud sky, stretching down to kiss the velvety-green, gold-cobbled plains—an intentional move, Wallace said, to capture the metaphorical meeting of heaven and earth. Wallace said he originally wanted to depict the angels as Colton described in the book, but eventually decided to leave their features open to interpretation, so that the angels become real and personal to the audience. “I believe with C.S. Lewis that everyone who gets to heaven will be surprised and amazed,” he said. One issue with the overemphasis on a wondrous heaven is the risk of negating the reality of a terrible hell— and the one and only way to heaven. Without clarity in the gospel and the assurance of salvation, the film cannot provide true comfort and peace. But for those who have already received answers in the gospel, Heaven Is for Real is a challenging reminder to anticipate and enjoy heaven— not just in death, but in our daily, earthly life as well. A

Draft Day   


T    starring Kevin Costner is titled rather obviously, Draft Day. Not a terrible choice, as the story follows Sonny Weaver Jr. (Costner) as he narrows down draft picks for the Cleveland Browns during the hours leading up to the NFL draft. Think Jerry Maguire meets Moneyball, with a little Field of Dreams thrown in for good measure. And if we mark it up on the whiteboard, the PG- movie has some bright prospects. Costner here is at his monotone, puppy-dog-eyed best, and several young players like Vontae Mack (Chadwick Boseman) are nearly as entertaining as Jerry Maguire’s Cuba Gooding Jr. Director Ivan Reitman makes interesting use of phone calls and video cams, moving back and forth across American cityscapes as NFL franchises, agents, and potential players match wits to win the day. By the fourth quarter, though, too many subplots confuse the story emotionally. And morally, though the movie isn’t graphic or violent, it is mildly offensive. As Weaver struggles to choose his first draftee, he gives one prospect, Bo Callahan (Josh Pence), the third degree for telling a small lie and being prideful (apparently the guy’s drinking and carousing is OK). Yet Weaver himself has far greater flaws. For instance, the movie kicks off with Weaver at home with Ali (Jennifer Garner)—his secret lover and subordinate at work—having just announced she’s having his baby. By the end of the day, Weaver owns up to his responsibility as a father, but never acknowledges he’s done anything wrong. Weaver throws a temper tantrum and smashes a computer into a wall. He uses the Lord’s name in vain numerous times, and refuses to attend his dad’s memorial service for a selfish reason. With such a flawed hero given the moral high ground, Draft Day doesn’t make the cut.


One night, she shatters the dishes in frustration and rages, “What about the life we’re living in right now?” But after Colton’s unexplainable, supernatural encounter, Todd cannot simply move on with life without making some radical changes. What he’s really obsessing over is not just whether he believes Colton, but whether he believes the things he’s been preaching all along. As he tells a friend, “We ask our kids to believe this stuff, and I don’t even know if I believe it.” If Todd truly believes in a wonderful, beautiful kingdom of eternal joy and fellowship, how then should he live his life now on earth? Given the nature of the film, Heaven Is for Real doesn’t contain any of Hollywood’s holy trinity: violence, sex, and profanity. It’s more thoughtful than suspenseful, and is rather understated for a movie about heaven. Some years ago, a drama so clean and Christian would have been elbowed to the ranks of independent, tiny-budget, niche DVDs starring unknown actors. But this year, Heaven Is for Real rides the tide of other solid box office waves also pandering to the faith-based demographic, such as Son of God and Noah—leading the movie industry to anoint  as “the year of the biblical movie.” It certainly helps that the original book, which sold  million copies, has done most of its marketing work. So is Heaven Is for Real actually biblical? Christians scarred by Noah may be relieved to know director Randall Wallace not only grew up a conservative


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4/16/14 10:08 AM


Reviews > Movies & TV


The Unknown Known by Megan Basham

Summit Entertainment

Jacquelyn Martin/ap


About halfway through the new documentary, The Unknown Known, culled from 30-plus hours of interview material with Donald Rumsfeld, director Errol Morris asks the former secretary of defense about his first impression of Saddam Hussein. Rumsfeld appears to ponder the question for a moment then comments, “He was living his image of himself, which was pretend.” The camera then lingers for several long, awkward moments on Rumsfeld’s face, apparently inviting the viewer to consider that the same may apply to the film’s subject. Yet, with the exception of some seriously indicting film editing, nothing Rumsfeld has said invites the comparison. The irony is totally in Morris’ mind, and a similar disconnect between content and intent characterizes the entirety of his film. Morris achieved filmmaking fame (and an Academy Award) with the 2003 documentary The Fog of War, in which he managed to get Vietnam-era Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara to confess that some of his actions may have constituted war crimes. Throughout The Unknown Known, Morris seems to think he has something similar on Rumsfeld—some damning admission or unintentionally revealing comment—that he doesn’t. He asks questions that, to a conservative point of view at least, seem at best naive, at worst childlike (i.e., what if Saddam Hussein had been killed in a missile strike? Could the Iraq War have been avoided?). He then seems frustrated as Rumsfeld proceeds to dismantle the premise of his questions or treats them with the lack of seriousness they deserve. Instead, what slowly and subtly emerges of Rumsfeld is someone with honorable intentions and a greater sense of wit and self-deprecation than

most younger, millennial viewers ­previously would have imagined of a man who’s been painted as one of recent history’s greatest villains. For example, Rumsfeld’s staff had termed the voluminous memos for which he was notorious “snowflakes.” In a sly wink to this, he titled his last “The Blizzard Is Over.” Morris’ documentary even had uber-leftwing TV host Bill Maher defending the man, informing a crestfallen Morris that the documentary left Maher with a sense of Rumsfeld’s humility and nuance, a sense of a man who “thinks about things.” Perhaps that’s why Rumsfeld made the seemingly inexplicable decision to participate in the unapologetically liberal Morris’ documentary. He believed

Box Office Top 10

For the weekend of March 28-30­ according to Box Office Mojo

cautions: Quantity of sexual (S), ­violent (V), and foul-language (L) ­content on a 0-10 scale, with 10 high, from


Winter Soldier* PG-13............ 1 6 3

1 Captain America: The `

2 Rio 2 g........................................... 1 3 1 ` 3 Oculus r.......................................3 7 5 ` 4 Draft Day* PG-13.......................3 2 5 ` 5 Noah* PG-13.................................3 6 1 ` 6 Divergent PG-13........................2 6 3 ` 7 God’s Not Dead* PG........... not rated ` 8 The Grand Budapest `

Hotel r...........................................6 6 6

9 Muppets Most `

Wanted* pg................................ 1 3 2

that even with a deck as outsized as 33 hours of interview material culled down to 140 minutes working against him, he’d be able to defend the rationale behind the Iraq War, even if some of that rationale eventually proved incorrect. In this, Rumsfeld’s bet largely pays off, particularly when he expresses his sincere regret and sense of failure for the abuses that took place in Abu Ghraib. If anything, Morris’ lens lingering on the notorious photos of nude prisoners comes off a bit petty in light of the great questions and responsibilities Rumsfeld had to grapple with during his time in the Bush administration. The title of the film comes from Rumsfeld’s explanation of a 2004 memo where he detailed the central challenges of intelligence gathering, namely that, along with what we know and what we do not know, there are also “unknown knowns”—things that we know that we don’t yet realize we know. When Morris informs him that in the actual memo he defined the term as things we think we know that later turn out to be wrong, Rumsfeld looks surprised, but not particularly flustered. “Is that what it says?” he asks. “Well, I think that memo is reversed. I think it’s closer to what I’ve said here.” Then he smiles the same relaxed, comfortable-in-his-own-skin smile he’s been indulging nearly all of Morris’ ­semantics-splitting questions with and shrugs. “I think you’re probably chasing the wrong rabbit.” Indeed.

10 Mr. Peabody & `

Sherman pg................................ 1 3 1

See all our movie reviews at

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*Reviewed by world

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4/16/14 10:09 AM

Reviews > Books

Treadmill non-apology Authors debunk myths and find hope amid hard things BY MARVIN OLASKY


B  Rodney Stark’s The Triumph of Christianity was WORLD’s  book of the year. His latest, How the West Won: The Neglected Story of the Triumph of Modernity (ISI, ), is equally worth reading for all the myths Stark busts. He consistently shows how decentralization and competition, rather than government domination, form the base for progress. Stark was a journalist before entering the academic world, and his clear writing shows it. He skewers classicists who mourn ancient Rome’s downfall, and calls the fall of Rome “the most beneficial event in the rise of Western civilization, precisely because it unleashed so many substantial and progressive changes. … Disunity enabled extensive, small-scale social experimentation and unleashed creative competition among hundreds of independent political units.” In a chapter entitled “The blessings of disunity,” Stark goes on to show that the Dark Ages weren’t dark, the Vikings and the Crusades have gotten a bad rap, the medieval church fought slavery, the Middle Ages witnessed global warming and then global cooling, and the Black Death contributed to the end of serfdom. And more debunking: Native Americans did not have a reverence for the earth, the European settlement of the Americas was not a brutal act of genocide, Spain following the Age of Exploration never declined because it never truly rose, Islam never had a golden age and was not tolerant,

Christianity was not hostile to science, and European nations did not profit from colonialism. Francis Spufford’s Unapologetic (HarperOne, ) shows a British writer’s recognition that belief in Christ makes the greatest emotional sense not for the “young, buff, and available” but for the aging woman with a demented husband, or the boy in the wheelchair with “spasming corkscrew limbs,” or the drug-addicted woman with “a rat’s nest of dreadlocks” who will soon be losing her child. Spufford sees Christianity as the religion that acknowledges the hard things and finds grounds for hope in spite of them. He acknowledges that coming to Christ is not primarily an intellectual assent to propositions but a matter of feelings: “I assent to the ideas because I have the feelings; I don’t have the feelings because I’ve assented to the ideas.” Spufford also stresses, as did Walker Percy, the way we often distract ourselves with stuff, until at a certain point “you’re lying in the bath and you noticed that you’re  and the way you’re living bears scarcely any resemblance to what you think you’ve always wanted; yet you got here by choice, by a long series of choices for things which, at any one moment, temporarily outbid the things you say you wanted most.” The churches he looks for are those that tell the truth, “the authentic bad news about myself, [but] in a perspective which is so different from the tight focus of my desperation that it is good news in itself; I have been shown that though I may see myself in the grim optics of sorrow and self-dislike, I am being seen all the while, if I can bring myself to believe it, with a generosity wider than oceans.” Amen.

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4/16/14 9:05 AM


Evangelism exploded

Chip Anderson’s Wasted Evangelism (Wipf & Stock, ) is a sharp retort based on the Gospel of Mark to those who think faith with anti-poverty work is dead. Anderson’s exegesis of Mark :- opposes the standard understanding that sees the poor widow as providing a model of sacrificial giving: He sees disapproval of the widow’s donation to temple leaders who are taking advantage of her. Anderson also exegetes the words “fisher of men” from the standpoint of those hooked. Are police officers one of the less-evangelized people groups in America? With life-or-death decisions to make, they certainly form one of the neediest. Jim McNeff’s The Spirit Behind Badge  (Thomas Nelson, ) is a readable memoir by a discerning man who served  years with an Orange County, Calif., police department and worshipped at Saddleback Church. —M.O.

NOTABLE BOOKS Four recent nonfiction books > reviewed by  

The Measure of Success Carolyn McCulley with Nora Shank One basic message of this wise book for women: You don’t know what direction your life will take, so you should prepare yourself for work, both at home and in the marketplace. Another basic message: Since women’s lives have different seasons, they require wisdom in making priorities. The authors apply Scripture to issues of work and productivity, especially as they relate to women. They also provide a good basic history of work, family, and the feminist movement, showing how a woman’s work fundamentally changed as the country shifted from an agricultural to industrial economy. This book will help women at all stages of life think through their roles and avoid common temptations.

Adoniram Judson: Devoted for Life Vance Christie Vance Christie ably tells the story of th-century missionary to Burma Adoniram Judson. He begins with Judson’s father, a pastor with great ambitions for his gifted son. That ambition almost shipwrecked the son, who developed an intellectual pride that squelched his faith. When Judson committed himself to the Lord, though, he gave everything he had. Christie’s account incorporates letters and journals that help tell the story of Judson’s perseverance through trouble of every kind, including the death of his first wife and the loss of many children both before and after birth. He preached, established churches, translated Scripture, and developed a Burmese dictionary still in use. The Up Side of Down: Why Failing Well Is the Key to Success by Megan McArdle In the United States, a failed startup can be a positive thing to have on a resumé. In Europe, it would be the worst thing. The reason for the difference has to do with the way the two cultures look at failure. In this well-written book, economics journalist McArdle weaves illustrations from her own life with social science research to argue that we learn a great deal from failure and should value policies that make failure painful, but not so painful that we avoid it at all costs. When we make the cost of failure too high—in education or bankruptcy, for instance—we stifle creativity and risk-taking. Whether analyzing medical failures, the housing bubble, or unemployment, McArdle brings clear writing and a contrarian attitude to the table.



50 Children: One Ordinary American Couple’s Extraordinary Rescue Mission into the Heart of Nazi Germany Steven Pressman In  an affluent Philadelphia lawyer and his wife upended their lives to rescue  Jewish children from the Nazis. Although established Jewish organizations were working to save Jews, their efforts often got bogged down in bureaucracy. An upstart group led by Gil Kraus overcame obstacles—infighting between organizations, cautious diplomats, and anti-Semitism. Working from Eleanor Kraus’ journal, Pressman recounts how the Krauses found American sponsors for the children and bulldogged their way through opposition. They traveled to Germany and occupied Austria to persuade the Nazis to let the children go. Although some children were later reunited with parents who successfully escaped, they left loved ones with no certainty they’d ever see them again.

To see more book news and reviews, go to

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SPOTLIGHT Parents of prodigals often isolate themselves, believing they are the only ones to have failed so miserably at raising their children. Elisa Morgan, Morgan former CEO of MOPS International, tells her story in The Beauty of Broken (W Publishing Group, ), sharing how she learned to trust God during her family’s troubled times. In Prayers and Promises for Worried Parents (Howard, ), Robert J. Morgan (no relation) shares prayers drawn from the Bible and hopeful stories. He encourages parents to be faithful in praying for their children, and offers a wide variety of quotes, Bible passages, and prayers to guide them. The brightest American college students often go into law, finance, or consulting. Andrew Yang, founder of Venture for America, a fellowship program that places students in startups for two years, thinks that’s a problem. In Smart People Should Build Things (HarperBusiness, ), Yang explains why students often choose the welltrodden path to riches rather than starting their own companies. He includes his own story and many others to show the rewards of entrepreneurship. —S.O.

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4/10/14 9:21 AM

Reviews > Q&A

Religious freedom fighter

TINA RAMIREZ and her group document violence against religious minorities and teach victims about their rights By Marvin Olasky



I want everybody to be free to come to know the truth about God. Sex trafficking is a hot topic among college ­students these days, but religious persecution is not. The Barna Group did a study that showed the youngest generation of adults is the least interested in religious freedom issues of any generation, yet religious oppression internationally and even in the United States is growing. Many social injustices around the world—trafficking, violence against women, the treatment

them in principles for religious freedom. You still have a long way to go. We’ve been working on Sudan for so many decades. This is the one glimmer of hope that I’ve seen there in so long. You work alongside women’s and gay rights groups that often don’t work with Christians. Has that been productive? In Sudan we’ve worked with Muslims and activists from across the board who recognize that all of their rights are tied into each other’s. Muslims who came to our conference hadn’t realized how Christians suffered as a result of their faith in Khartoum. The Christian men didn’t realize that Christian women faced persecution even worse than they did. In a country like Saudi Arabia, the

Greg Schneider/Genesis Photos

Tina Ramirez is the president and founder of Hardwired, Inc., a Virginia-based nonprofit organization dedicated to advancing religious freedom in law and policy. She shows leaders and lawyers in other countries how to defend religious freedom, and also works for the release of imprisoned victims. Why did you call your organization “Hardwired”? I believe everybody is hardwired for living for something bigger. God wired me to stand up and defend religious liberty.

of children, hatred of others— all have their base in religious oppression. Religious persecution may seem to students theoretical, high up on the ladder of abstraction: Tell us about some accomplishments of Hardwired at ground level. In the past year I’m most proud of what we’ve been able to do in Sudan. We trained 17 Christians who lead churches and Bible colleges—many ­people don’t even know that there are Christians left in Khartoum, but there are—in how to draft a law to protect religious freedom, not just for them, but for everybody in Sudan. They drafted it and brought a whole group of Muslim human rights advocates to a second conference that we had, where we trained

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4/10/14 9:25 AM

Greg Schneider/Genesis Photos

government teaches in its textbooks how to kill Jews and Christians. It also teaches you to throw homosexuals off the cliff, but they’re human beings and shouldn’t be treated in that way, so we would stand in their defense in saying they shouldn’t be oppressed in that way. They have the right to come to know the truth just as every human being does. You’re out-front with your Christian beliefs. Do some Christians think you should only be defending other Christians? I believe God made all of us to come to know Him, and without the freedom to come to know Him or to worship Him, how do Muslims come to know Him freely, or have the joy of worshipping Him in freedom? They might not choose what we


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choose, but they have the right to choose. I don’t believe in forcing Christ upon people. He wants people to know Him, and if they reject Him, then they’ve chosen their own future. What have you done in India? We are training groups where there has been significant persecution against Christian, Muslim, and Sikh communities, and bringing them together in coalitions to document the violence. A lot of the violence there hasn’t been documented, so there hasn’t been a public awareness of the pattern of violence and impunity for which the government then can hold people accountable. How horrific is the violence there? One Hindu leader called all of his students and followers to go out and to attack different villages. Thousands followed him in mobs, village by village. Local supporters would point out the church, and they’d attack the church first. Then they would go home-to-home to each of the Christians and would attack and burn the homes. One man that I interviewed there … his paralyzed brother was burnt alive in his home, because he couldn’t get out, and the man had to watch it from the fields with his family as he was trying to escape. Without documenting the ­violence and giving Christian and other minority communities a way to defend their rights and to get out of the poverty, they will only continue to be marginalized and oppressed. So you document the violence, but how do you help them to defend their rights? We teach that you have dignity that’s ingrained in you as a human being, and no

one can take it away from you. I tell them where the dignity comes from, that God imprinted it on them and ­created them. If they choose to believe something else, that’s fine, but that’s what we tell them. As Christians, we know that everyone is created after God’s image, but when you talk to people from other worldviews, on what basis do you make that argument? I talk to them about the universal declaration of human rights, and explain that their government has signed on to agreements stipulating human rights, and we help them understand what their national laws say. Let’s talk Turkey. What’s going on there? Young people fear it’s becoming too

role of God and the state in the lives of individuals. Is there any understanding that religious freedom is the first freedom and underlies other freedoms? I don’t think other countries see it that way at all. In Sudan we worked with some human rights advocates but their training was limited, so when we broke down just what religious freedom is, they recognized how religious freedom intersects with freedom of expression, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly, freedom of political participation, all of these other rights that they hadn’t really thought about. If a college student reading this thinks, “When I’m in my 30s, I want to fight

‘In Sudan … we broke down just what religious freedom is … how religious freedom intersects with freedom of expression, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly, freedom of political participation, all of these other rights that they hadn’t really thought about.’ Islamist. Another issue is whether the Kurds will be recognized as a domestic minority in Turkey. Hardwired is opening up a dialogue, and training ­lawyers and advocates and religious communities to engage in that dialogue. We say you don’t have to become all secular or all Islamist. Religion can flourish in a free society, and here’s how to do it. It’s all a matter of how the state and the people see the

religious oppression,” what should that person be doing now? You need to qualify yourself to do that. So study— politics, international law, human rights, those arenas— and be able to offer a strong defense of your faith, knowing what you believe and why. On the professional side, do internships and give yourself experience and the exposure to the world. That’s really important. A

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4/10/14 9:25 AM

Reviews > Music

Flamenco legacy Posthumous album will continue the influence of Paco de Lucía



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From El duende flamenco onward, neither technique nor inventiveness would be a problem. That he would come to the attention of, and be treated as an equal by, the non-flamenco world was inevitable. Excerpts of his Dec. 5, 1980, Warfield Theatre concert with the jazz guitarists Al Di Meola and John McLaughlin were released as Friday Night in San Francisco and made Billboard’s jazz Top 10. The following night’s show was filmed and, with a subscription, can be viewed at The footage is riveting. Eyes closed and free of his flamenco fetters, de Lucía takes improvisatory flights that make even Di Meola and McLaughlin grin. “You have to have a very balanced emotional state,” he said in 1986. “That’s why I close my eyes when I play. If you open them and see people talking or some guy yawning, the whole performance falls apart. When I close my eyes, I manage to focus much better.” His playing was a lot like prayer that way. And although the title of his 1983 studio recording with McLaughlin and Di Meola—Passion, Grace & Fire—may have summed him up, he kept going, determined to make the most of his newfound popularity.

Nearly 20 albums—solo and collaborative—followed. Highlights included Concierto de Aranjuez (1991), in which he acquitted himself within a high-­ cultural milieu, performing works by Joaquín Rodrigo and Isaac Albéniz; “Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?” (1995), an international hit by Bryan Adams; and Luzia (1998), a masterly tribute to his recently deceased mother. “[E]ach album is a very painful delivery,” he said at the time. “I come up with a line that I enjoy thoroughly, and for five minutes I can be the happiest person in the world, but after those five minutes insecurity and fear and uncertainty come back. What am I doing here when I could be enjoying the sunshine of the beach?” Unbeknownst to him, he was not only pondering his creative process but also predicting his death. It was on a Mexican beach, while he was playing with the children of his second ­marriage, that a heart attack finally brought his passion, grace, and fire to an end. At least temporarily. Song Adalucian, a recently completed album, is scheduled for 2014 release. As de Lucía’s musical last will and testament, it will no doubt fan the flame of his singularly remarkable influence. A


Paco de Lucía, the 66-year-old Spanish guitarist who died last February, was to flamenco what Bob Marley was to reggae. During his half-century career, he transformed a hermetically insular style associated with disreputable outcasts (gypsies) into a universally acclaimed art form. Born in Algeciras into a musical family, de Lucía recorded his first album at 14 with his brother Pepe. Albums with another brother, Ramón de Algeciras, and Ricardo Modrego followed. And if the title of de Lucía’s 1967 solo debut, La fabulosa guitarra de Paco de Lucía, was hyperbolic, the title of his eighth solo album, which followed just five years later, was an understatement. El duende flamenco de Paco de Lucía (translation: The Flamenco Elf), found de Lucía in full command of both his instrument and his vision of what flamenco could become. Backed by a tastefully arranged orchestra, his fluid and breathtaking virtuosity took on a crystalline, genre-transcending luminosity. “The gypsies are very good at interpreting flamenco,” he’d told an interviewer one year before. “They are true artists. But they create very few new things because they have a fear of reality. They improve in terms of technique, but not in inventiveness.”


4/14/14 7:33 PM

Duif du Toit/Gallo Images/Getty Images

By arsenio orteza


New or recent jazz albums > reviewed by  

The Rite of Spring The Bad Plus Why not a top-flight jazz trio’s interpretation of the th century’s most inflammatory work, what with jazz’s comprising the th century’s most inflammatory musical innovations and all? Well, there are no dancers (Le ( Sacre du printemps was a ballet after all). And no jazz trio, no matter how gifted or well-intentioned, can evoke riotous pagan spirits as convincingly as an orchestra. Still, there’s something to be said for leaving something to the imagination—and for giving the drummer David King room to strut his overcompensatory stuff.

SPOTLIGHT Two recent releases by Bob James illustrate the problem with pegging him solely as a “smooth-jazz pioneer.” First, there’s Alone: Kaleidoscope (Red River). Recorded two years ago when James was , it finds him unaccompanied and applying his undiminished clarity of touch to six originals and six others by Fats Waller, Sigmund Romberg, Richard Rodgers, Jay Livingston, and Simon & Garfunkel (whose “Scarborough

Nathan East Nathan East

Fair” gets stretched out of its origi-

Stevie Wonder’s “Sir Duke” (an instrumental), Van Morrison’s “Moondance” (sung by Michael McDonald), Blind Faith’s “Can’t Find My Way Home” (featuring Eric Clapton’s guitar), and The Beatles’ “Yesterday” (sung by East’s son) are the ringers. But, given East’s bass work on Daft Punk’s “Get Lucky,” the hyperkinetic “Daft Funk” definitely touches a nerve. Yet it’s the midtempo segues (Sara Bareilles singing “I Can Let Go Now,” Bob James playing piano on “Moodswing”) that provide the unity. “America the Beautiful” provides the conclusion. Ray Charles would be proud.

Liquid Spirit Gregory Porter This album won the  jazz vocal album Grammy for good reason. No matter what emotionally loaded subject matter he essays, this -year-old, flatcap-wearing baritone son of a preacher woman lights fires beneath it. Sometimes they blaze (“The ‘In Crowd’”), sometimes they simmer (“Brown Grass”), but always with the intent both to illuminate and to heat. Has Porter learned lessons from Bill Withers? Yes. And Withers, should he ever decide to add to his recorded legacy, could learn a lesson or two from Porter.

nal shape and into various more interesting ones). Then there’s Rhodes Scholar: Jazz-Funk Classics - (Soul Temple), the title of which refers to James’ one-time preference for the Rhodes electric piano and his contemporaneous preference for making jazz-fusion purses out of blaxploitation-soundtrack ears. That groove and beat-seeking hip-hoppers have long pillaged these tracks for samples is well known. Less well known: that “Angela (Theme from Taxi)” is a “jazz-funk classic” and that “Valley of Shadows” climaxes with “A Mighty Fortress Is Our God.”



The Spiritual Side of Wynton Marsalis Wynton Marsalis

The “Spiritual” in this album-skimming compilation’s title, as opposed to “Christian” or “Gospel,” is deliberate. Despite titles such as “Psalm ,” “Hymn,” and “Oh We Have a Friend in Jesus,” the liner notes insist that an inoffensive syncretism is the point. Well, OK. Yet, aside from the Buddhist “Awakening,” it’s a sacramentally visceral sensuality deriving from horns-percussion-voice friction that prevails—that and the soon-to-be-late Marion Williams singing “Precious Lord, Take My Hand” for six-and-a-half minutes atop Eric Reed’s piano.

To see more music news and reviews, go to

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Mindy Belz

What liberation?

Baghdad may have left the headlines, but the war the United States began for most Iraqis hasn’t ended



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included serving communion to some homebound, disabled parishioners). What’s new about the old war in Iraq is the proximity of alQaeda–linked fighters known as ISIL, or Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. The group took control of Fallujah in January, and in recent weeks moved on Ramadi, only  miles west of Baghdad. “It’s a slaughterhouse,” one Ramadi resident reached by phone told me. These fighters are blamed for the worsening situation that threatens the capital. Since the beginning of this year, over , Iraqis have been killed in terrorist-related violence. Like it or not, most Iraqis also blame the United States. They blame the United States for the overall uptick in violence and the lack of improvements, and for propping up a corrupt government they say has done virtually nothing to repair the country’s broken infrastructure. Nearly every Iraqi I spoke to wanted to talk about it, each careful to say they don’t blame the American people but do blame the U.S. government. In the mind of most Iraqis, says White, “The Americans came and they liberated them but didn’t see through any of the change. The country fell into chaos, violence, and poverty, and then the Americans left.” Americans are likely to believe this turned out to be an internal war, a war between Sunnis and Shiites the United States ultimately could do little about. We forget: In Iraq we were the ones who started it, who disbanded one government yet failed to charter another successfully. And untamed terrorist winds from there are blowing. A

WHAT’S NEW? Residents inspect the site of a car bomb attack March .


M    -  to landing at Baghdad International, setting down on the runway, pulling into the gate, and discharging us into the terminal in April as happens at a normal airport anywhere. It was a great contrast to the last time I landed in Baghdad a decade ago. Then the only flight I could take was a -seat prop plane flown by a humanitarian group, and the only way the pilot could land it was to corkscrew in, avoiding anti-aircraft fire and missiles from militant insurgents. But beyond my  landing, little in Baghdad is straightforward  years after the fall of Saddam. April  marked that anniversary, and only a few days before I tagged along with Canon Andrew White, the vicar of Baghdad’s St. George’s Church, on a round of visits to poor families to deliver food aid. Like many neighborhoods worn down by war and continued insurgency, Baghdad Al-Jadida (“New Baghdad”) is a slightly more dusty, dilapidated, and impoverished version of itself since about  U.S. troops took charge of it in  and . They were part of the surge effort led by Gen. David Petraeus. Besides patrolling the district, they worked to set up a new market—hoping to secure better public spaces to make it possible for more residents to set up shop and stay safe while doing it. Today that market has mostly lapsed back to its old way, arrayed beneath heavy canvas tarps held up by poles, a dense labyrinth for vendors and one hard to patrol. It was busy with shoppers on the Friday afternoon I was there, and nearby flocks of fattened sheep grazed on garbage in vacant lots. Security, though, remains elusive, and every side street—as in much of Baghdad—is barricaded with concrete blast walls. In the last year the area has seen a return to car bombings, including one in Baghdad Al-Jadida in January that left five dead and  wounded. Another on the April  anniversary killed two residents and wounded . White’s SUV was full of food packages for delivery, but police halted his progress after visiting only one home. Five kidnappings had taken place that day, they reported, Iraqis yanked from their homes by criminals, and White could be a target as well. Even the army security that had accompanied him into the neighborhood said he had to leave (well known for his tenacity, White persuaded officials to permit one more visit that


4/15/14 10:36 AM


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Christian colleges and universities

feel the pressure to prove

that the education they offer

is worth the heavy costs by Sophia Lee and Angela Lu in California, Texas, Louisiana, and Missouri photo by YinYang/istock

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onsider a graduate just 12 years ago: Jodey Hinze, an energetic, self-described ­germophobic tax lawyer who graduated from a Christian private college in 2002 with a master’s degree. He was a first-generation college student who paid his way by scrubbing toilets at $4.35 per hour. Now, Hinze is interim dean of Houston Baptist University’s school of liberal arts. Hinze would have to scrub even more toilets today, as the four-year cost of attending a CCCU school has jumped to $100,000. One reason is that many colleges compete for students by advertising shinier amenities, as Messiah College provost Randall Basinger noted: Many students expect air-conditioned dorms and a 24/7 state-of-the-art fitness center, so schools provide that and then some, with Jacuzzis and suitestyle apartments boasting big plasma TVs. “Twenty, thirty years ago, it’s something we never even would have thought of, but we need to think of it now,” Basinger said. “The sad thing is that we’re cutting our own throats by being in competition with each other.” In addition, federal regulations are tightening around Title IV federal funding, which includes Stafford student loans, Pell grants, and family loans. As the government redefines what falls under “religious institutions,” aspects that make these schools unique—such as hiring only Christian faculty or defending a biblical view of marriage—could cost the schools an average of about

$1,560 per enrolled student, according to a survey of 84 CCCU schools. Biola University President Barry Corey said Christian higher education leaders are “naive” if they don’t consider the financial threats against their “deeply held convictions.” Some schools with many Christian students, such as Hillsdale College and Grove City College, have long opted out of government funding and thrived. But for smaller schools already struggling financially, cuts could be fatal. Burton Webb, vice president of ­academic affairs at Northwest Nazarene University, noted that Christian schools are narrowing their socioeconomic diversity. Christian higher education

Matthew Tennison/Messiah College

Meanwhile, many schools—­ especially small ones—are simmering in a cauldron of internal issues: heavy dependence on tuition even as enrollment shortfalls, puny endowments, money-sucking programs, and faculties sometimes torn between biblical belief and the lure of joining the ­liberal mainstream. In 2001 Bob Andringa, then ­president of the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities (CCCU), made a dire prediction for Christian higher education: “In 25 years, we’re going to lose 25 percent of our schools. Fifty percent will be just hanging, and 25 percent will be thriving.” Andringa, after visiting almost all of the then-105 members of the CCCU, noted deferred maintenance, outdated facilities, large debts feeding larger debts, programs “dying on the vine,” and a general lack of innovation. Thirteen years later, Andringa’s prophesy seems to be coming true. A 2012 study by Bain & Co. consultants examining the financial sustainability of U.S. colleges and universities found that 36 percent of CCCU schools are sustainable, 32 percent are at risk, and 32 percent are unsustainable. So we visited Christian schools in several states and spoke with education leaders in others, asking: What’s the future of Christian higher education? Will the values it offers help prospective students and parents to overcome sticker price shock?

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courtesy of biola ­u niversity

right studio lights line the walls of a room in California as four professional cameramen zoom in for close-ups and ­“confession cam” interviews, a staple of reality TV. But this is not a Hollywood studio: It’s a class at Biola, the Christian ­university once called the Bible Institute of Los Angeles, and the scene is part of Biola’s attempt to improve its online courses by making them more than talking head videos. ¶ Biola is one of many Christian colleges trying to get ahead of the curve as many graduates this May joyfully toss their caps in the air and joylessly ask, “Was my education worth the staggering debt I now face?”

now faces a tough question: Does appealing to the wealthier go against the Christian mission of serving the underprivileged and needy?

Matthew Tennison/Messiah College

courtesy of biola ­u niversity


ollege of the Ozarks addresses Webb’s concern with its mission to provide free Christian education to students who couldn’t otherwise afford it. All students work 15 hours each week for their education, as well as two 40-hour weeks during breaks. The result: debt-free graduates leaving the school (near Branson, Mo.) with a diploma and a full resumé. The school’s no-nonsense approach has helped it survive tough times. College of the Ozarks boasts an endowment of $410 million, the largest of any CCCU school and a heavy purse for a school with only 1,400 students. Donors love giving to a school where students unclog toilets and grind wheat, and they’re assured that their money won’t be spent willy-nilly—the school holds off any

VALUE ADDED: A class at Biola is filmed for an online course (right); an outdoor lecture at Messiah College (below).

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Still, Aaron Kleist, Biola’s assistant provost for academic innovation, is working to improve Biola’s online courses, and the effort to produce high quality videos is part of that effort. To build community within online cohorts, students film video responses rather than merely type comments in discussion threads, and video-chat their professors. Kleist said student participation jumped fivefold. Some schools aim to curtail tuition early on by providing discounted

MATTER OF DEGREE: Students at Houston Baptist University (left), and College of the Ozarks (below).


dual-enrollment ­programs, so that high-school students can get a jump start on college credits. Houston Baptist University’s The Academy, a new dualcredit program for middle- and highschool students, partners with local private schools and homeschooling communities to provide a Socraticstyle classical curriculum taught by HBU faculty.

questions his church couldn’t answer, he felt “equipped” to face college. MacDonald, who was homeschooled until college at Biola University, said kids entering college with big questions “should get much better answers than they get. I think philosophy and English professors have way too easy a job knocking students off their pedestal.”

HBU: Michael Tims/hbu • C of O: handout

can hardly get them up in the morning, let alone go out there and milk cows.” While College of the Ozarks gets students elbow-deep in old-school chores, schools like Indiana Wesleyan University and Biola are beefing up their enrollment through cheaper online courses. Indiana Wesleyan’s student population went from 2,000 in 1987 to almost 16,000 today—12,000 of them online students. Online education allows students to study at home, work day jobs, and save on housing. But will such cost-cutting also cut out the discipleship that’s so central to Christian higher education? Yes, according to surveys showing that online students feel disconnected and drop out at higher rates. Biola University theology professor Erik Thoennes argues that such disengagement is a “theological reality,” because “when God wanted to relate to us, He didn’t set up a video chat but actually came in flesh.”

It’s a win-win situation: Academy students pay a discounted tuition rate of $800-$1,000 per year to earn up to 60 college credits, thus reducing future college costs. The best students are granted automatic admission to HBU’s Honors College. Meanwhile, HBU gets to train and cherry-pick the brightest high-school seniors without having to spend additional money on student recruitment or facilities. Director Cate MacDonald said The Academy prepares future freshmen for a rigorous college course both academically and spiritually. One Academy student said he was once terrified after hearing so many tales about young Christians who lost their faith in college. But after a year at The Academy, in which he got to ask and debate hard

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De Agostini Picture Library/getty images

building project until it has sufficient money to fund it completely. As attractive as the “work college” model may seem, President Jerry Davis says it’s difficult for existing Christian schools to replicate it, short of starting anew. For one, work colleges require a lot of money to run because they get no revenue from tuition. But the other issue, Davis says, is “you’ve got some of these colleges full of kids so lazy, they

HBU: Michael Tims/hbu • C of O: handout

De Agostini Picture Library/getty images


ut in addition to economic challenges, Christian colleges also face the familiar challenge of maintaining their spiritual health. A characteristic pattern of a “faith-centered” institution’s slide into a “once-religious” mainstream academy begins when leadership, typically the school president, tips preference for academic prestige over Christian identity when hiring faculty. All CCCU member schools are required to hire only Christian professors, but the definition of what that means theologically varies widely within its 120 members. Some schools from nonliturgical traditions don’t require professors to sign a doctrine statement—and many slip in professors who roam from Christian principles. Some situations become so public, though, that colleges need to take action. This academic year brought two notorious cases at Azusa Pacific University in Southern California. APU dropped Ryan Bell, an adjunct professor in the Global Studies Department, after he publicly announced he doubted Christianity and planned to “try on” atheism for a year—no praying, no church. Instead, he would read atheist authors and “live as though there was no God.” Hollywood Adventist Church stripped Bell of his position as senior pastor last April for supporting same-sex marriage, but he taught the fall term at APU. Last September, Azusa let go of a professor of 15 years, Heather Clements, after the former chair of theology and philosophy requested that others call her H. Adam Ackley. “This year has been a transition from being a mentally ill woman to being a sane, transgendered man,” Ackley told Religion News Service. After the announcement, Ackley told RNS that Azusa officials didn’t seem to have “a theological problem with transgender identity” but showed “concern that other people, such as donors, parents, and churches connected to the university, will have problems not understanding transgender identity.” In response, the school government held talks this year on “sexual minorities,” where faculty and administrators answered questions about same-sex marriage and transgendered individuals. President Jon

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Darwin and Bryan The board of trustees at Bryan College in Dayton, Tenn., on April 11 held to its insistence on a college statement of faith clarification likely to push out professors who do not believe that God created Adam by a special formative act rather than through the process of evolution. The latter view, held by many theistic evolutionists, allows for faith in God and strong faith in mainstream scientific theories, but diminishes confidence in Genesis as history rather than myth, and undercuts the teaching of Paul and other authors of the Bible (for details regarding Bryan’s specific debate, please visit ), but the controversy also spotlights a debate on the goals of CCCU institutions generally. Many Christian liberal arts colleges assert that their goal is to teach students how to think and not what to think. That is laudable in most areas, but should it mean that colleges do not care if students graduate with the belief that the Bible is merely a book compiling man’s fallible teaching rather than God-inspired wisdom? Last month an online poll produced by Bryan’s campus newspaper asked ­students, “What do you believe about the origins of the universe and man?” Some 40 percent of respondents said they believed God created everything in six 24-hour days, and 20 percent said they supported Intelligent Design, which usually means creation over a longer period of time. But 40 percent supported different theories, with half of those supporting theistic evolution, most of the rest endorsing Darwinian evolution that leaves out God entirely, and a few saying they did not know. That 40 percent slippage is not surprising even at a college sometimes labeled “fundamentalist.” Mainstream scientists ridicule critics of evolution, whether they have doctorates or not, and deprive them of career and publishing opportunities. The New York Times in 1925 demanded “faith” in evolution even as it castigated William Jennings Bryan for having faith in the Bible, and the pressure to conform has only intensified since then. In such an environment, a Christian college that proclaims it will just throw out to students a variety of theories and let them decide, is abandoning the battle for the Bible. The playing field is not level, and the tendency of most teens to seek popularity and security will incline many to accept evolution. If Christian colleges at least hope to balance out cultural pressure, they need professors who will confidently and enthusiastically put before students the ample biblical and scientific evidence for Intelligent Design. —Marvin Olasky

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Wallace reiterated the school’s official stance that “humans were created as gendered beings” and “heterosexuality is God’s design for sexually intimate relationships.” Ashley Duckgeischel, who was both an undergraduate and a graduate student at APU, said at first the different views of her professors—including one who attacked her belief in Bible inerrancy—surprised her. She considered transferring, but the longer she stayed, the more she found students with ­genuine faith and professors helpful in her academic and spiritual growth: “If you want to find awesome Christians, you can find awesome Christians. If you want to find a party school, you can find a party school.”

challenges: Former Azusa Pacific University professor Ackley (top); Louisiana College (bottom).



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according to The Town Talk. On April 15, the college announced that Aguillard will step down as president on May 31 and become president emeritus. Houston Baptist University shows how strong leadership can revive a school. A decade ago HBU struggled with dwindling enrollment, low retention and graduation rates, and seeping secularization among its faculty. Robert Sloan, the former Baylor University president, became HBU president in 2006 with a plan to re-establish “a ­distinctive Christian education,” and freshman enrollment last year increased by a record-breaking 10 ­percent, even as average enrollment among CCCU schools fell 8 percent. Sloan also hired officers and faculty prominent in the field of Christian apologetics, such as provost John Mark

Ackley: courtesy of the clause/Azusa Pacific University • Louisiana College: angela lu

college president can also set the tone of the school’s culture, sometimes negatively, as is the case of Louisiana College in Pineville, La. President Joe Aguillard attained his position in 2006 and did what the Louisiana Baptist Convention asked him to do: He got rid of secularly minded professors. But that initial accomplishment was followed by a series of setbacks, as Aguillard borrowed money to build a football stadium, even as moldy campus facilities desperately needed $35 million in repairs. Planned medical and law schools never materialized. Faculty salaries remained among the lowest of CCCU schools, while the president's salary was the 7th highest in the CCCU when compared against the school's budget, according to the Chronicle of Higher Education. Former students and professors also spoke of an atmosphere of fear and retribution. No current faculty would talk to us, but two professors who criticized Aguillard told us they received nonrenewal letters. Accrediting agency Southern Association of Colleges and Schools said in March that it plans to open an investigation into Louisiana College after allegations that school officials submitted forged signatures,

Reynolds, William Lane Craig, Nancy Pearcey, and Lee Strobel. The future of Christian higher education is hazy. The economic challenges are immense, and maintaining or building a strong Christian identity is difficult. But in HBU’s case, building a strong Christian focus helped with the economic challenges, prompting higher enrollment and donations to expand the campus. Our investigation found that several key factors may doom a Christian institution: incompetent financial planning, poor leadership, indistinctive education, and unorthodox professors. CCCU schools can err at either extreme: On one end, coddling students within a “Christian bubble” and quarantining them from “bad ideas,” and on the other offering a nearly secular education, relegating the “Christian” part of higher education to chapel and campus ministries. HBU’s Nancy Pearcey, who teaches cultural apologetics, believes both sides fail to equip the future generation: “Young people are not going to survive in this increasingly secular society if we don’t find a way to permeate every field with apologetics”—not just in overtly religious classes, but in every discipline from psychology to computer science: “You have to teach young people how to defend a Christian perspective in their fields. Young people’s questions are going to be different from the questions faced by earlier generations. … We need to love them enough to answer their questions.” A

Email: &

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Ackley: courtesy of the clause/Azusa Pacific University • Louisiana College: angela lu

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To train up a

PHARISEE Michael and Debi Pearl’s method of discipline has many advocates, but critics say it lacks the gospel

   , three children in devoted homeschooling families died while being disciplined by their parents, professed Christians who reportedly read or followed Michael and Debi Pearl’s controversial parenting book, To Train Up a Child. The parents are now behind bars, and their living children are with family members or in foster homes. No court has ever found the Pearls liable for child abuse, but lingering questions remain about whether there is a torturous underbelly to the parenting tactics of To Train Up a Child. Twenty years ago Michael Pearl printed  copies of a patched-together book on parenting, taken from a variety of letters he wrote about how he and his wife, Debi, were using “traditional child training” with their five children. When the  copies were gone, he borrowed enough money to print another , copies, thinking they would last the rest of his life, “stuck away in the back of a closet full of old hunting gear,” says Pearl. He sold them for . each. Today, the Pearls have sold more than , copies of the slim book with its  short chapters of no-nonsense recommendations on household rules and discipline. The


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book instructs parents to set strict boundaries, using the rod to “chastise” children, but admonishes parents not to discipline in anger and to build relationships with their kids. It also advocates creating a submissive and obedient will in children by “switching” them quickly and often, but not too hard and only when parents are calm. Pearl says the method will work on any child as long as the parents are consistent and start while the child is an infant. He says his traditional advice, used rightly, will eliminate the whining and manipulation Pearl says many parents encourage from their children. He also says training is a more merciful reaction to disobedience than angry verbal berating by a

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B Y KILEY CROSSLAND Parental advisory: This article contains brief descriptions of brutal treatment

welcoming, close, in a row. Each child is different, you don’t f­ rustrated parent. He says his method will and jovial: Michael and want them to be so overly controlled, overly greatly reduce the need for discipline as the Debi Pearl. disciplined that you haven’t really built a child gets older. relationship with your kids.” She fears too But many outspoken parents and media many rules and too much control can also give kids a voices call the book abusive and say it is the immediate skewed idea about God: “They see God as a harsh taskcause in at least those three cases of fatal child abuse and master. They don’t want anything to do with God or torture. A petition with over 100,000 signatures is prodchurch. That’s the tragedy.” ding Amazon to remove the book from its website. Havlik says parents should spank with caution and carefulness: “Stay away from formulas. Parenting is way oy Havlik heard about To Train Up a Child when more complicated than that.” She also approaches her she was homeschooling six of her children, including kids with humility: “I want to have more talks with my a first-grader struggling with phonics, while also kids and ask their forgiveness for times I was harsh.” trying to keep an eye on her two mobile toddlers. On their website the Pearls encourage parents to use a She and her husband, Steve, were involved in a Great one-fourth inch plumbing supply line (a thin, flexible Commission Church and then a Bill Gothard homeschoolpiece of plastic) as an instrument to discipline their chiling group, both of which emphasized the importance of dren: They say it will sting skin but not cause bruising. I spanking and strict discipline. Their eight children are spoke with Michael Pearl, who said, “I have never advonow grown, and they are no longer involved in either cated—either in private, public speaking, or in writing— group. She now says, “Some of the stuff we were taught withholding food from a child, forcing children to sleep was definitely over the top.” on the floor or outside, constraining them in blankets (or A friend from Havlik’s homeschooling group told her by any other means), spanking children on their feet, about the Pearls’ book and she tried some of its teachings faces, or backs, locking them in small rooms or tight conwith her two youngest, but now worries that she was too tainers, or forcing them to stay outside in cold weather.” harsh. She says parents should look at their motives, and But three children died after parents who had read To remembers feeling that her family was supposed to look Train Up a Child went beyond what the Pearls recommend. perfect: “It’s not just about having your family like ducks

no greater joy ministries


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IMMEDIATE CAUSE? methods are adaptable to any child, The parents all had in their homes the oneMembers of the Seattle no matter their “unique disability fourth inch plumbing supply line, and one Ethiopian community gather or psychological condition.” girl died after being beaten with it. The around the grave of Hana ­stories are brutal: Williams on Oct. 29, 2013, after the sentencing of Larry and i Sean Paddock, 4, died in 2006 of ichael and Debi Pearl Carri Williams (right). ­suffocation when his mother wrapped him live on 100 acres in so tightly in a blanket that he could not Pleasantville, Tenn. breathe. His mother was convicted of firstThe town is a dot on degree murder and felony child abuse. The Paddocks had the map 80 miles southwest of Nashville. The adopted six children, including Sean. rural community, a mess of skinny paved roads i Lydia Schatz, 7, died in 2010 from beatings by her and lush green trees, is home to farmers, homesteaders, parents over a seven-hour period. Her parents entered a and an Amish settlement. plea bargain and appeared remorseful. Her father was When their oldest child was an early teen, the Pearls convicted of second-degree murder and torture. Her left their home and Michael’s job north of Memphis to mother was convicted of voluntary manslaughter and start a new life. They paid cash for the land, logged their infliction of unlawful corporal punishment. The Schatzes, own trees with a self-made sawmill, and built a fourwho had six biological children, adopted Lydia and two bedroom home, a barn, and a shop. To make ends meet other children from Liberia. they and their five children took odd jobs: laying stone, i Hana Williams, 13, died in 2011 of malnutrition and building barns, canning vegetables, milking cows, growhypothermia. She was not breathing when her siblings ing and selling organic vegetables. Michael says they found her face-down and naked in her family’s backyard. moved to their “hardworking paradise” because he came Her parents were convicted of first-degree assault and to the conclusion that his kids “were too pampered. manslaughter. Her mother was additionally convicted of Furthermore, I was bored.” homicide by abuse. The Williamses, who had seven bioLindsay Gallegos spent some time with the Pearls in logical children, adopted Hana and one other child from Pleasantville. She is one of eight children raised by parEthiopia. ents who used To Train Up a Child. “We were really Critics say older adopted children, especially from entrenched in the homeschool, conservative, Bill Gothard ­violent places, have special needs, but Pearl says his world,” she says. Gallegos is very familiar with the Pearls’


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Frank Varga/The Skagit Valley Herald/AP


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book—her mom would make her read highlighted sections when she disobeyed—but she is also familiar with the Pearl family. Family tragedy sent her looking for an exit from the “works-based conservative” world she grew up in, so she left home when she was 21. She drove to Tennessee on two separate occasions to spend a total of three weeks with some friends who lived two miles from the Pearls’ homestead. She went to Cane Creek Church, the Pearls’ nondenominational church. She ate a few meals at Michael and Debi’s home and remembers Debi dancing around the kitchen and getting on Michael for not taking out the trash. She hung out with the Pearls’ grown kids, turkey hunting and driving to Nashville to see a movie and get dinner. Gallegos says the Pearl family was welcoming, close, and jovial, and that their kids had a lot of independence: “Whatever they did for their own kids worked.” She is

Frank Varga/The Skagit Valley Herald/AP

now a mother to three—ages 5, 3, and 1—in San Antonio, Texas, but she and her husband have decided not to use the Pearls’ methods because “a lot of what they have in their book is too extreme for me.” That’s not true for others, and I tried to interview on the record parents who love To Train Up a Child, but they all declined, given concerns about potential state intervention. They all praised the results they have seen in their children, saying their application of the principles of To Train Up a Child provides clear boundaries and quick justice. They say their homes are more peaceful, their kids are more respectful, and they are not growing up fearful or timid. The Pearls run a ministry, No Greater Joy Ministries, out of their home in Tennessee, and write extensively on parenting, homeschooling, and marriage. Michael Pearl doesn’t fit easy stereotypes—he has criticized Bill

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Gothard and the Patriarchy movement—and does not seem bothered by the negative press: “Few people take what the media says as true, especially when they are attacking Christians, conservatives, or traditional principles. … Our Amazon sales do shoot up every time we are in the news, though.”


irstie and Ryan Benke married young and were pregnant within a year. When their son Creed was born, Kirstie looked everywhere for advice on parenting. Her pastor’s wife, a homeschooling mom, gave her a copy of To Train Up a Child. They tried it consistently for a year. She saw spanking as a loving response to sin, a “one time and done” reaction instead of a long, drawn-out, guilt-ridden process. But Kirstie says she felt like something was missing: “I didn’t see the gospel, I saw morality. Creed behaved better, but he was angry. I don’t think we were connecting the dots for him as to why he needed to behave this way.” Shepherding a Child’s Heart by Ted Tripp helped fill in some gaps: “Shepherding a Child’s Heart added the ‘Why are you spanking him?’ You don’t just want well-behaved kids. … You want to make the gospel attractive to them.” With two sons, 5 and 2, and another on the way, Kirstie says, “I have a lot of compassion for other parents. We tend to judge each other on ‘My kid is better behaved so I must be a better parent.’ … There is definitely the gospel. You expect them to sin. But other than that, every family is different.” Kirsten Black’s is different from some in that she has five boys and doesn’t seem to mind the football whizzing by her head as she calmly tosses a softball to her batswinging 6-year-old. She has short hair and funky red tennis shoes, and her husband Vince, his tattooed arm draped across their 2-year-old Uzziah, says he wants to be a Deuteronomy 6 parent, always speaking of God whether they are grocery shopping or playing in the backyard. The Blacks moved to Fort Collins, Colo., to plant the church that he now pastors. She says she “grew up a really strong Pharisee” and not until her late 20s, when she started having kids, did she began to understand the way the gospel transforms all of life. Now the Blacks try to talk about sin openly as they model repentance and grace: “We tell them, ‘You are going to mess up. When you do mess up, when you do sin, be quick to own it, confess it, repent, and it’s done.’” Vince Black says, “We try to show them what it means to need a Savior, and that Mom and Dad need a Savior too.” They try not to buy into any parenting book as the one answer. Kirsten says, “When we approach those books with the hope that there will be answers on ‘how to save my kids,’ we are looking for a formula and not for Jesus to do His saving work. … I need to keep the mindset that only Jesus saves.” They discipline but say it is always done in relationship—and that their goal in disciplining is instructing their sons’ hearts. “There is always restoration at the end,” says Vince. A —Kiley Crossland is a writer in Colorado

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Christian youth organization struggles to survive financial turmoil by J.C. DERRICK    . /



founded Teen Mania Ministries in  with a goal to “raise up young people who would change the world.” By the numbers, they’ve been successful: Three million attendees at its weekend Acquire the Fire events, more than , taking summer mission trips called Global Expeditions, and thousands of teens who traveled to the organization’s -acre campus near Tyler, Texas, for year-long programs. On Feb.  this year, Ron Luce called the management team into his newly renovated conference room with its four flat screen televisions, leather chairs, and a glass-top conference table. Luce then dropped a bombshell: Teen Mania would abandon the  acres and move to a still-undetermined site in Dallas. Luce framed the decision as one that would allow the ministry to have a global reach, and unveiled a press release that did not use the words “default” or “foreclosure”—appropriate terms for what was happening. That was the first time Teen Mania comPOWERFUL VOICE: munications director Cindy Mallette heard Ron Luce, founder of Teen Mania, about the move. She later found out that speaks at a rally in Teen Mania had stopped paying its mortgage Times Square. in November so as to meet payroll, and had then gone into default. After Mallette, who was fielding a flood of inquiries, prodded Luce to acknowledge a foreclosure was occurring, the ministry fired her on Feb. . She now states that Luce was hiding “the full nature of the situation” in the hope that funders would “donate to this new vision.” Since February I’ve reviewed financial documents and interviewed current and former Teen Mania employees, a former board

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Teen Mania

’s impressive list of endorsers includes Franklin Graham, Josh McDowell, and former President George W. Bush, who named Luce in 2002 to the White House Advisory Commission on Drug-Free Communities. The four-man Teen Mania President’s Council is made up of televangelist James Robison, Pentecostal pastor Jack Hayford, best-selling

BATTLE CRY: Evangelical teens rally in Times Square.



author John Maxwell, and Paul Nelson, a former president of the Evangelical Council for Financial Accountability (ECFA). Luce used his charismatic personality to gain support: “He’s a phenomenal communicator, great visionary, and I think he passionately loves Jesus,” said David Hasz, who spent 17 years at the ministry. That passion is reflected in all the programs, and has led to controversy: Teen Mania endured intense criticism in 2011 after a one-hour MSNBC documentary showed its teens eating worms and crawling through mud. Luce, saying the show was deceptive, quickly hired Mallette as the organization’s first communications director. Teen Mania’s financial woes have been building for more than a decade. Daniel Williams, a Teen Mania board member from 1995 to 2012, cited three primary reasons: the 9/11 attacks, the 2008 recession, and an organizational structure that “worked really well when it was small, but it got too big to manage.” The ministry hasn’t suffered from a lack of revenue: Teen Mania has brought in almost $300 million since 2001. Jacob Morales, a former volunteer who went on four Global Expeditions trips, left Chase Manhattan to become Luce’s executive assistant in 2007 and 2008. Acting as liaison between Luce’s office and the

accounting department, Morales saw “reckless spending. … Letters are going out saying, ‘Help, help, we’re going under,’ yet we’re dropping $100,000 for a guy who is going to speak for 50 minutes.” That payment, Morales said, went to Dallas minister T.D. Jakes to get him to speak at a New York City BattleCry event on Feb. 8, 2008. (Jennifer Saunier, then Teen Mania’s sales director, confirmed that figure; Jakes’ organization did not respond to a request for comment.) Morales says Teen Mania chartered a $21,000 private jet and spent more than $4,000 on a two-night stay at the Ritz Carlton for Jakes, whom Luce wanted as a Teen Mania partner. Morales says he had discretion over $10,000 in cash to buy imported flowers, chocolates, rare bread, candy, iPods, and other gifts for the Jakes family to find in their hotel suite, green room, and two Cadillac Escalade limousines. Saunier, Teen Mania’s development director in 2011 and 2012, says she would solicit donations for specific projects, but “was never comfortable that we were doing the right things with those funds.” She raised her concerns to superiors and nothing changed. Luce ran in a December 2012 marathon “to raise awareness and support for reaching America’s 26 million teens with the gospel of Christ.” The effort generated about $250,000 in donations, but within months Luce spent $68,000 on campus carpeting projects, $45,000 to install a coffee shop, and $25,000 to build the new conference room. At least one employee resigned in protest. Several nonprofit and accounting experts criticize Teen Mania’s 2005 purchase of a 50 percent share in Creation Festivals, an annual Christian music festival, for $4.5 million—financed by the owner and a $2 million loan against Teen Mania’s since-foreclosed property. After the acquisition lost half its value, Teen Mania sold it in 2010 to His Work Ministries, which Ron Luce founded and operates. His Work Ministries (HWM) still owes Teen Mania an undisclosed amount of money. This gets complicated, but here are the basics: Repayment is contingent upon profitability, and Ron Luce says Creation Festivals has “struggled.” The Creation Fest website says its two events together draw over 100,000 attendees annually who purchase tickets for between $48 and $120 each. It’s hard to make a detailed assessment because HWM has never filed the required IRS Form 990, and Luce says he didn’t know he needed to file one for the organization. The IRS revoked HWM’s tax-exempt status in 2012. Luce told supporters His Work Ministries has “nothing to do with Teen Mania,” but a comprehensive third-party audit conducted in 2011—and obtained by WORLD—repeatedly cited the “unusual transaction” as problematic. It also cited a donor in 2008 who

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member, and Ron Luce, with the goal of learning how a once-flourishing ministry landed in foreclosure. I found many people who defend Teen Mania but not Luce, whom they accuse of mismanagement and unethical behavior. Luce himself admitted in a Feb. 11 taped conference call with supporters, “Evidence that my leadership is lacking seems to be everywhere.”

withdrew a  million pledge “due to his dissatisfaction with the investment decision.” Daniel Williams, the former board chairman, said Paul Nelson—who through the ECFA declined to comment for this story—raised ethical and legal concerns about the transaction, but they were resolved. Luce told me no one raised any concerns. The cumulative result was a sea of red ink: Teen Mania Ministries had total net assets of negative . million at the end of fiscal , a statistic that makes it the sixth-most insolvent charity in the nation, according to Charity Navigators. The  audit says: “A discerning donor will quickly see TMM is technically bankrupt—this is a matter that demands an explanation.” Accounting expert Albert Meyer, the president of Bastiat Capital who identified irregular accounting practices at Enron, Tyco, and elsewhere, reviewed Teen Mania’s recent IRS s and told me he saw a variety of red flags, including high debt load and overspending: “Cutting a . million shortfall by K is how they do business in Washington.”



How could all this go largely

unnoticed for so long? Bill Josephson, former assistant attorney general-in-charge of the New York Charities Bureau, said it appears Teen Mania is an example of “Red Cross governance”— using designated funds for other purposes. The Red Cross has a board of governors willing and able to remove its president, as it has done—yet Teen Mania board members and staff who clash with Luce have ended up leaving the organization. For example, on March , , Ron and Katie Luce met with board members Daniel Williams and Paul Nelson, CFO Jonathan Hasz, and vice president of operations David Hasz, to discuss concerns and the organizational audit that Teen Mania received in January. Within six months, the Luces were the only ones standing: Williams, Nelson, Tom Muccio (another top board member), and the Hasz brothers all were gone. According to the Teen Mania bylaws, also obtained by WORLD, Luce can only be removed by a unanimous vote—a virtual impossibility since Katie Luce sits on the eight-member board. The audit recommended removing or revising Ron Luce’s almost unlimited presidential powers and replacing Katie Luce as a voting board member, but neither happened. Numerous former employees said they were hesitant to speak out because they believe Teen Mania is doing good work—a common reason for not holding Christian nonprofits accountable. “The fruit has been incredible,” David Hasz told me. He said many concerned parties used the Matthew  approach of problem-solving with


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Luce: “I wanted that ministry to continue into the future, but I and others expressed serious concern that our financial model wouldn’t work.” Teen Mania remained a member in good standing of the Evangelical Council for Financial Accountability since —a claim Teen Mania continued to make on its website as of April , even though ECFA revoked its membership on March  for “failure to provide complete renewal information.” ECFA president Dan Busby points out his organization is a pass/fail accrediting agency for , members, not a watchdog group. Luce assured me Teen Mania is simply late with its audit and will be reinstated soon: “We’re running a semi down the road at  miles an hour, and we’re changing the tires while we’re moving.” According to Busby, the ECFA, which is supported by member dues, only revokes membership two or three times per year. Albert Meyer said many Christians likely put too much faith in ECFA membership and noted it’s very difficult— ”almost impossible”—to have an effective third-party watchdog organization. But he did point to one criterion the ECFA should require: posting financial statements online. Meyer said it’s alarming that Teen Mania does not do so: “If I can get it by writing a letter, why can’t they just post it on the website?” Meyer said that for Christian organizations to maintain credibility, board members must remember their duties don’t begin and end with fundraising: “When it comes to corporate governance, board members need to explain what exactly they are overseeing— other than attend retreats that masquerade as oversight sessions. Once you take money from the public for a good cause, you better make sure the cause remains good.” A

TEEN MANIA’S BELIEFS Teen Mania’s bylaws detail mostly mainstream evangelical beliefs, including adherence to biblical inerrancy, the Trinity, and salvation through Christ alone. Hasz, Saunier, and others credit the ministry with helping many, including themselves. “My life was completely transformed in the two years I worked there,” former communications director Mallette said. But since  former Teen Mania participants have posted critiques of the ministry on the blog. Many, including Jacob Morales, complain of a legalistic environment: “If you don’t conform, you’re not letting Ron Luce down, you’re letting God down.” In his February conference call with supporters, Luce—who apologized to anyone the ministry has hurt—said most Recovering Alumni content is true and Teen Mania has made “a lot of changes” because of it. —J.C.D.

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Life [and death] at South by Southwest

Tragedy at fast-growing festival provokes public soul-searching and questions for other American mega-festivals. Are some becoming victims of their success?

estival-goers at March’s South By Southwest have been asking if the music, film, and interactive festival has gotten too big for its designer cowboy boots. During this year’s festival, when drunk driver Rashad Charjuan Owens crashed through police barricades, ­killing four festival-goers and injuring 21 more, the question took on greater urgency. Police charged Owens with capital murder, and the incident caused an unusual season of public soul-searching in Austin. A press conference the morn-


ing after the tragedy was carried live on Austin’s local radio stations. Reporters asked Austin Police Chief Art Acevedo if he should shut down the festival. He replied, “We cannot allow one individual to ruin a celebration of life, of music.” But an incident two days later caused some to wonder anew if “South By” or SXSW, as the festival is known, had become something else. On March 15, police arrested rapper Tyler The Creator for inciting a riot after he yelled at fans to push their way past security guards at a sold-out show.

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Jordan Naylor/Getty Images for SXSW

by Warren Cole Smith in Austin, Texas

Jordan Naylor/Getty Images for SXSW

Austin Mayor Lee Leffingwell said both incidents were unprecedented in the 27-year history of the festival, and on that narrow point he’s right. In fact, given the number of people who show up for SXSW—200,000 to 350,000, depending upon whose count you believe—it’s remarkable there aren’t more incidents. Still, the deaths at South By Southwest have brought new scrutiny to a phenomenon that is relatively new in the way it is profoundly shaping entertainment culture. Multimedia

CELEBRATION OF MUSIC: Fans gather for a concert March 15 at SXSW in Austin.

music festivals are now a multibillion dollar industry whose high season is just kicking off. Milwaukee’s Summerfest, which bills itself as the world’s largest music festival, is expected to attract 1 million people this June and July. Recognizing that the trend is becoming a genre of its own, colleges like the University of Minnesota and the University of Nevada–Las Vegas now offer degrees in

“Festival and Event Management.” Live music festivals were not unknown before 1969’s Woodstock. Summerfest began in 1968, and historians tell us the first music festival, the Greek Pythian Games, began in 582 B.C. Medieval music festivals often included singing and playing competitions. But 21st-century festivals have surpassed precedents. And their growth has caused problems. The deaths at SXSW are just the latest causing festival organizers—and government officials—

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Other top American festivals in 2014 April 11-13, 18-20: Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival. For two weekends each April the Empire Polo Club in Southern California’s Coachella Valley is the site for a festival that traces its roots to a 1993 performance at the Polo Club by Pearl Jam as a protest against venues controlled by Ticketmaster. Last year’s combined attendance: 225,000. April 24-27: MerleFest is mostly bluegrass, country, and Americana in Wilkesboro, N.C. Founded by guitar legend Doc Watson to honor his son Merle, who died in a tractor accident. Attendance: 75,000.

June 25-28 (Pennsylvania) and July 30-Aug. 2 (Washington): Creation Festivals are two annual, four-day Christian festivals that take place in two locations, Pennsylvania (Creation Northeast) and Washington (Creation Northwest). They include not only music but sermons, baptisms, communion services, and ­children’s programs. Organizers claim combined attendance of 50,000-100,000.

Aug. 1-3: Lollapalooza features alternative rock, heavy metal, and hip hop at Chicago’s Grant Park. Attendance: 160,000. Capital Cities performs at Coachella 2014


vice, Milk Music, loaded on it. The tie-in was a purposeful slap at Apple, whom Kanye West had called out recently for exploiting artists with its iTunes system. It’s hard to know if it’s good or bad when rappers go to battle over operating systems. TRAGIC: The scene at SXSW where four people died and 21 more were injured when a drunk driver crashed through barricades.


ood or bad, when the numbers of people are so large, more than music brands show up. Doritos, Subway, and Chevrolet all had a major presence at the festival. And even though music is still central to the event, with more than 2,000 bands playing at more than 100 official venues, not only is it impossible to hear them all, it’s impossible to know who’s playing and where, even after downloading SXSW apps and keeping an eye on updates. That said, it’s possible to find some humanity among the walking dead. A singer-songwriter like Andrew Belle can restore waning faith in the ability of South By to find and nurture emerging talent. Other signs of life (see sidebar) at South By this year included Penny and Sparrow. But can festivals that become this large remain vibrant and trend-setting? Michael Parrish Dudell, a technology

CAR ACCIDENT: Colin Kerrigan • CAPITAL CITIES: Frazer Harrison/Getty Images for Coachella

June 25-July 6: Summerfest bills itself as the world’s largest music festival, with 700 bands on 11 stages spread out over 11 days. In 1968, Bob Hope headlined. Last year’s attendance: 1 million.

to ask questions about public safety. Last year, police arrested 10 people on felony drug charges at Chicago’s Lollapalooza festival. In 2011, two people died at Tennessee’s Bonnaroo Music and Arts Festival, likely from heat stroke, though drugs and alcohol many have contributed. Some in Austin also wonder whether the deaths, tragic in their own right, are also symptoms of a festival that has lost its way. Even South By’s staunchest defenders concede it’s not the same event it was when it started in 1987. The music resembles its Americana/ singer-songwriter roots less each year. This year, hip hop moved to SXSW’s top-tier position, with Kanye West, Jay-Z, and Sean “P. Diddy” Combs generating the most buzzed-about shows. But even the rise of hip hop isn’t without irony. An art form born on the streets, it was not so many years ago a sign that SXSW was trying to “keep it real.” Now it’s big business. Samsung, for example, hosted the Kanye West and Jay-Z show at Austin Music Hall at exactly the same time iTunes was hosting its own hip-hop night, featuring Kendrick Lamar and ScHoolboy Q at the nearby ACL Moody Theater. If you didn’t have a VIP pass, you had to stand in line for hours to get into the Samsung show, but you got in for free if you had a Samsung device with the company’s new streaming music ser-

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June 12-15: Bonnaroo Music and Arts Festival takes place on a 700acre farm near Manchester, Tenn. It started out as a showcase for jam bands such as Phish. Last year’s attendance: 90,000.

maven who has been a regular at SXSW Interactive for years, chose to pass on South By this year: Not since , he said, when Twitter got a boost from South By, have any significant new products launched at the interactive festival. “Is [SXSW] dead? No,” he said. “Is it still good for launching products? I don’t think so.” That doesn’t mean that festivals like SXSW are in danger. Their combination of music and art, or music and digital, is a powerful draw. Silicon Valley recently ripped off SXSW with its own Creative Convergence Silicon Valley (CSV), a four-day festival that this year will feature The Lemonheads and include opportunities for technology startups to pitch their companies to venture capitalists.




   , don’t expect crime, drugs, and even the deaths of four attendees in Austin this year to slow the festival juggernaut. Live events have become the bread and butter of the music industry. According to a statement released by Pollstar, which tracks the live music industry,  was “a record year” for the global concert industry. The top  worldwide tours took in . billion in primary ticket sales, a  percent increase over the . billion generated in . SXSW claims to inject more than  million into the Austin economy. In October, the Coachella Valley Economic Partnership said the Coachella Festival pumped more than  million into that region’s local economy. And local governments are learning how to take their cut: Indio, Calif., site of Coachella, now has a -year agreement with festival organizers to tax each ticket sold .. The agreement will generate tens of millions of dollars in revenue for the town of , about  miles east of Los Angeles. So despite growing problems not only at South By Southwest but other festivals around the country, they will likely continue—at least until the body count grows. A


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Bands to watch from ’s South By Southwest It’s hard to believe that more than , bands play SXSW, but do the math: The festival has about  official venues. Some book as many as  acts per day. At one venue one band set up while another band played at the other end of the room. When the first band ended its -minute set, the crowd simply did a  and the other band launched into its set. And so it went for  days. Amidst the , bands I found a few favorites. Here’s an idiosyncratic list of bands who performed at SXSW worth checking out. I Andrew Belle’s new album Black Bear is reminiscent of Sufjan Stevens, though not as weird. Belle graduated from Taylor University but had a spiritual crisis after college that in the end caused both his faith and his commitment to his music to deepen. Microsoft and others have licensed his music for commercials and television use, but that success hasn’t turned his head, and his latest album, which he featured in three different showcases at South By, explores relationships and mystery in interesting and compelling ways. COIN The founders of the band met as students at the Christian college Belmont University. This is their second trip to SXSW with their infectious synth-pop sound. Nashville, Tennessee. Gungor This Dove Award–winning band led by Michael Gungor and his wife Lisa already has a significant following among - and -something Christians. But their music transcends genre, as this year’s appearance at SXSW demonstrates. Matisyahu is the stage name for Matthew Paul Miller. The name means “Gift of God” in Hebrew. Matisyahu blends Orthodox Jewish themes with reggae and rock, with his most recent music trending toward dub. The band’s  single “King Without A Crown” was a Top  hit in the United States. H Penny and Sparrow Rich songwriting and soaring harmonies. Penny and Sparrow are Texas singers and former roommates Andy Baxter and Kyle Jahnke. They claim The Swell Season, Bon Iver, and Mumford & Sons as musical influences. You can hear all that in their music, but there’s more. They weave biblical imagery into their music in ways that are surprising and unself-conscious, and the duo’s backing band allows for sonic adventure as well. The band’s latest album is Tenboom, featuring a line drawing of Christian heroine Corrie ten Boom on the cover. Matrimony is a family affair, with Jimmy and Ashlee Brown leading and Ashley’s two brothers and a cousin rounding out the band. Michael Martin Murphey A long-time Austin favorite, he was one of the founders of the Austin Music Scene in the s. Despite his (welldeserved) reputation as one of the originators of “Outlaw Country,” Murphey has also been singing about faith, family, and freedom for a half-century. I Run River North The core members of the band met through the Korean church community in Los Angeles. Though all the members are Korean-American, their country-rock feel is often branded Americana. They claim John Mayer, Jason Mraz, and Jack Johnson as influences, but you can also hear in it Dawes, Jackson Browne, and the Eagles.

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M MC    

last month with his prediction about the upcoming elections. “I think we are going to crush them everywhere,” said the Senate Republican leader from Kentucky. But McConnell was not talking about crushing the Democrats this November. His target is a wing of conservatives within the Republican Party who are mounting challenges to the GOP’s Washington establishment. With some lawmakers having been in Washington for as long as  years, what amounts to a permanent political class has been established. Meanwhile the nation’s debt has ballooned to  trillion and counting. But in primaries from May to August, six of the  Republican senators seeking reelection will face opponents from the right. In the tea party’s fifth year of existence some are pointing to these races to see whether the group can sustain a political machine that can do more than hold rallies. McConnell’s promise, providing a peek at how the party’s old guard views the tea party movement, served as fighting words to these conservative candidates and the groups backing them. “What kind of leader wants to crush the very people that he expects like sheep to then get in line and follow along behind him?” asked Matt Bevin, the Louisville businessman facing McConnell in Kentucky’s May  primary. “I am not a person who has ever been moved by bullies. I say bring it on.” McConnell and his band of incumbents have been bringing it by unleashing mounds of advertising money in WashiNgton    from mammoth campaign war chests that could only be amassed by those who have been in power for decades. To overcome these fundraising roadblocks underdogs like Bevin are turning to outside groups like FreedomWorks, Heritage Action for America, Tea Party Patriots, and the Senate Conservatives Fund. These groups are paying for radio and television commercials and opening field offices in many primary states. The dispatched staffs are leading outreach efforts from phone banking to neighborhood walking and arming the challengers with the latest micro-targeting technology to identify like-minded primary voters to get out to the polls. “This is something I think the establishment has never faced before,” said Drew Ryun, with the Madison Project, an organization backing conservatives in  races this year. “We have people I think for the first time really employing the right kind of tactics. And the conservative side has a lot of momentum. There are a lot of people who really want to see change in D.C.” This is the third election cycle since the tea party’s creation. In , tea party victories brought a wave of conservatives to Congress. A few more won election in , most notably Sen. Ted Cruz from Texas. But these lawmakers have often butted heads with the Washington elite, and Ryun says “we need to send them reinforcements.” The tea party’s frustration with Washington Republicans continues to grow due to recent rollbacks on hard-won fiscal victories. A new Republican-backed budget undid some of the automatic spending cuts established in last year’s sequestration deal. And the latest increase in the MOMENTUM: federal government’s borrowing limit did not contain any spending reductions. “I don’t Chris McDaniel, think people realized how deeply entrenched the GOP establishment is in maintaining Det Bowers, and the status quo,” said Ryun. “Their ideology has become remaining in power and the Matt Bevin (from money that comes from being in power.” top to bottom).

FroM P tHe




   by EDWARd LeE PItTS

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A small group of tea party upstarts is taking on establishment—and very well-funded—Senate Republicans in primaries this summer



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Lindsey Graham who has been a conservative challengers: l­ awmaker on Capitol Hill since 1995. McDaniel, “Sacrifice is the most powerful pulpit in Bowers, and the world,” Bowers said when asked why Bevin (clockwise from top). he would attempt another change at 62 years old. Bowers is running because he believes those in Washington are “tearing the wings off the American eagle.” He raised some eyebrows after raising more than $417,000 in just two months this year. That is far short of the $8 million Graham has amassed in his coffers over the years, but Bowers' haul is encouraging outside groups to get involved. Bowers hopes to force a runoff by preventing Graham from getting a majority of the votes in the June 10 primary that features a field of seven candidates. In Kentucky, only two candidates are in the GOP primary— Bevin and McConnell. Bevin grew up in a home with no ­television and heated by two woodstoves. He paid his own way to Washington and Lee University by washing dishes

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McDaniel: Rogelio V. Solis/AP • Bowers: handout

In 1990 Bowers, then a successful lawyer, mulled over signing a multimillion-dollar contract to buy a chain of convenience stores. He sought the advice of a friend who was a pastor. That conversation led to Bowers becoming a Christian. He not only dropped the purchasing of the stores, he abandoned his law practice. Fifteen months after being converted, Bowers entered seminary. When people told him he was crazy, Bowers replied it was what God was calling him to do. Last year he began another abrupt professional shift, resigning the pastorate he held for 13 years at Christ Church of the Carolinas in Columbia. He is tackling what he believes is another calling: taking on Sen.

bevin: JOHN SOMMERS II/Reuters/Landov

But developing the political machinery to win won’t work if the candidates out front are not viable. Part of the maturation process of the tea party has included taking more time to vet the candidates. Groups have learned from watching some tea party–backed candidates flounder on the campaign trail due to bad cases of foot-in-mouth disease and lose winnable races in such red states as Missouri and Indiana. The crop of conservative challengers answering the call for this primary season includes some who have never before run for political office but who claim they possess the realworld experiences missing from the resumés for most of Washington’s career politicians. Some of these challengers are evangelical Christians who have suffered from personal and professional hardships that may steel them for future challenges. They include a lawyer, a pastor, and a businessman. Chris McDaniel, challenging six-term incumbent Sen. Thad Cochran from Mississippi, has attended the same Baptist church in Ellisville, Miss., for more than 30 years. His conservative roots, he says, came from his faith and his father. In 1999, McDaniel accompanied his father to pick up a new car. Heading home at night along a country road, a truck pulled in front of the car driven by McDaniel’s dad. McDaniel, driving behind his father, managed to avoid the collision by swerving his vehicle into a ditch. He jumped out of his car and rushed to his father. He tried everything he could to save him, but his father, 57, died right beside McDaniel. In his late 20s at the time, McDaniel wrestled with the loss by studying C.S. Lewis’ writings on pain. McDaniel, now 41, slowly accepted how pain can lead to spiritual growth. He turned to serving ­others. For the last decade McDaniel has donated up to 500 turkeys each Christmas to needy families. McDaniel, now a state senator who many predict has the best chance of pulling off a primary upset, said the pain of watching his father die “has prepared me for the fights ahead” and steeled him for whatever the political world throws at him. He says he is running in the June 3 primary because he thinks Christians should not abandon the ­political battlefield. “People of faith are struggling because they are being marginalized, but at some point we have to re-engage the system and that includes the government. We have offered so much in our country’s history.” He says one of the first bills he will introduce if elected would establish term limits: “I don’t believe in political aristocracies.” Det Bowers remembers being lifted up on his father’s shoulders to place campaign posters onto telephone polls in South Carolina’s low country for his uncle who was a state senator. As a young adult, Bowers campaigned for Democrats, serving on the state campaign team during the 1988 presidential candidacy of Michael Dukakis.



and earning an ROTC scholarship. After four years as an Army officer with a mechanized infantry division, Bevin started a series of investment firms that led him to Louisville. His interests extend beyond the Bluegrass State. He and his wife Glenna have nine children aged  to , including four children adopted from Ethiopia over the last two years. For years Bevin has developed infrastructure projects for orphanages in India and Africa, including building a computer academy for girls at a mission shelter in Kedgaon, India. In , Bevin traveled with his oldest daughter, Brittiney, for the dedication of the lab. Brittiney,  at the time, came home


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convinced she had been called by God to become a missionary. That summer she worked at an orphanage in Romania. Six weeks after returning home for her senior year of high school, Brittiney died in a car accident. Her story of following her calling has inspired many in the community and beyond, including her own father. Bevin believes that too many career politicians become enveloped by the pomp of power at the expense of serving the will of the people. He long prayed for someone to step forward. During this time he said he became like Jonah. “It is always easy to hope for somebody else, and to wait for somebody else,” he said. “But sometimes we are that somebody.” Bevin, who owns all or part of  companies, said Washington will not stop spending money it doesn’t have as long as its lawmakers have little experience with how to balance budgets and make payrolls in the private sector. Bevin and other conservative upstarts trail in the polls. In  the political establishment was caught off guard by the grassroots surge that saw upsets like the tea party–backed Mike Lee toppling Utah GOP incumbent Sen. Robert Bennett. But McConnell’s “crush them” remark suggests that veteran Republicans up for reelection this year are coming out of their corners ready to throw punches. McConnell, who has represented Kentucky since , is using some of the . million he has raised to pummel Bevin. Negative ads call Bevin a con man and a fraud. Bevin, who has raised less than  million so far, has seen his unfavorability ratings go up in the wake of the attacks. But he is not giving up. He said this primary season is bigger than a tug of war within the Republican Party. He sees it as a battle for the heart and soul of the entire political process. “This collusion between big government and big labor and big business and big news comes at the expense of all those they are supposedly there to represent and report to and serve,” he said. Even if he falls short of victory, Bevin hopes his candidacy inspires others the same way his daughter’s confident response to a call inspired him. Bevin wonders if one of those inspired will become in a generation the “next Abraham Lincoln when our nation critically needs it. Maybe that is the point. I don’t know.” Bevin and Bowers and McDaniel are challenging a system where many of those entrenched within become more concerned about their own power and wealth than America’s power and wealth. But if one of the old guard goes down, the loss could send shock waves through the Washington establishment. “Liberty is never safer,” says Sen. Cruz, “than when politicians are terrified.” A

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4/15/14 4:20 PM

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4/14/14 9:35 AM

Notebook Lifestyle > Technology > Science > Houses of God > Sports > Money

A pox on Mother’s Day? A revealing look into the thoughts and attitudes of some on the pro-abortion (not pro-choice) side




J    pro-abortion activists are at least acknowledging that killing the unborn is wrong, new exhibitions and articles remind us that the Bible’s account of our natural depravity is sadly true. Example one: The pro-abortion showcase in the main lobby of Lane Hall, the University of Michigan’s women’s studies building. As Vivian Hughbanks of Hillsdale College reported on a feisty webzine, The College Fix, you can relish through May  dozens of artistic and bright posters celebrating “ Years of Choice.” Abortion, according to a U of M web page, is “a deeply personal and life-sustaining act existing through all of human history.”

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Throughout history, yes, but “lifesustaining”? The poster-maker, Heather Ault, writes online of abortion continuing to “the good of ourselves, our relationships, and our families.” Oh. One poster compliments the ancient Egyptians for placing crocodile feces in vaginas, and another, titled “Rejoice Fumigation,” proclaims that “women have been fumigating their vaginas with contraceptive vapors for thousands of years.” Funding for the exhibit came in part from the U of M’s Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, which sponsors The Program for Sexual Rights and Reproductive Justice. Michigan taxpayers who support the university, rejoice! Ault sells her posters for  and

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also sells for $5 each little notecards with messages designed to salve consciences: “Abortion is a gift from God. … Abortion is a blessing. … I didn’t see it as killing a baby—I was simply giving the life within me back to God to protect and hold onto until the right time. … I am an ordained Christian minister and have had two abortions. I am very glad that I did. I feel that I served God in these hard decisions.” As G.K. Chesterton wrote in 1908, “Certain new theologians dispute original sin, which is the only part of Christian theology which can really be proved.” Thanks to Ault, students at U of M and around the country can view new evidence. They can realize that “anything 46 million women do every year can’t be immoral.” They can cheer the wisdom of a great-grandma who boasts, “I am 85 years old and I had four abortions … and I am not sorry.” Heather Ault has talent. We can be disgusted about her propagandizing or we can feel compassion for her, praying that she use her talent to glorify God rather than the selfishness that dominates us unless God shoves it out. And here’s an even bigger test: Can we pray for rather than hate Amanda Marcotte, a Texan-turned-Brooklynite who wrote on March 14 the foulest defense of abortion I’ve read in 30 years? (The competition is stiff.)

pro-abortion: Ault’s posters (above); Marcotte (below).

Marcotte wrote in The Raw Story, a webzine “celebrating 10 years of independent journalism,” that “The Real Debate Isn’t About ‘Life’ But What We Expect of Women.” Marcotte oddly felt the need to use a four-letter word for feces at almost every opportunity as she asked whether opponents of abortion should be “given the privilege of having everyone treat their s___ arguments like they have value in free-wheeling discourse, or if they should be shunned on the grounds of being s___ arguments.” Her article’s only redeeming social value is its undermining of the case that abortion is not evidence of sin but merely evidence of the need for societal

On Saturday evening, March 15, while returning from the National Christian College Athletic Association Division II tournament in Ohio, the Arlington Baptist College (Arlington, Texas) basketball team bus suffered two flat tires. The team was stranded on a dangerous stretch of interstate highway near Memphis. Numerous wrecker services and emergency services personnel were unable or unwilling to help, but Bellevue Baptist Church (Cordova, Tenn.) sent a bus. Church members took the team to breakfast, then to Sunday school and morning worship. While the players worshipped, church members repaired the team bus.


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posters: flickr • Marcotte: BD Engler

March mercy

restructuring—that income redistribution, free day care, and different work schedules would make abortion obsolete. Marcotte wrote: “let me just put a stop to this s___ right now. You can give me gold-plated day care and an awesome public school right on the street corner and start paying me 15% more at work, and I still do not want a baby. I don’t particularly like babies. They are loud and smelly … time-sucking monsters with their constant neediness. No matter how flexible you make my work schedule, my entire life would be overturned by a baby. I like my life how it is, with my ability to do what I want when I want. … I like sex in any room of the house I please. I don’t want a baby.” On the pro-life side we talk about compassionate alternatives, but they are stillborn in Marcotte’s soul: “Adoption? F___ you, seriously. I am not turning my body over for nine months of gaining weight and puking … so that some couple I don’t know and probably don’t even like can have a baby. … I like drinking alcohol and eating soft cheese [and] not having stretch marks. … Given the choice between living my life how I please and having my body within my control and the fate of a lentil-sized, brainless embryo that has half a chance of dying on its own anyway, I choose me.” Marcotte is not oblivious to how she comes off: “Don’t I sound selfish? Hedonistic? Isn’t there something very unfeminine about my bluntness here? … I feel zero guilt about it, but I know that saying so out loud will cause people to want to hit me with the Bad Woman ruler.” She sounds as if she’s been hit with that ruler many times, and she now wants to come across as so Bad that others will declare her incorrigible and leave her alone. But the prodigal son came to his senses as he was feeding pigs, and maybe this prodigal daughter will tire of assaulting pigs and fall into the arms of a Father who is running to her, even though she can’t see Him now. A

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4/14/14 8:33 PM

Supreme Court: istock • backup camera: Justin Sullivan/Getty Images • Stratton: Courtesy Sandra Stratton/ap

Notebook > Lifestyle

Notebook > Technology

Cracking codes The Supreme Court must decide when software programs are eligible for patents BY DANIEL JAMES DEVINE




T   of the U.S. Supreme Court are chewing on a patent lawsuit that could have big implications for the software industry. In the case, banking conglomerate CLS Bank International has challenged the validity of patents held by Alice Corp., an Australia-based licensing company, for software that manages financial transaction risks. CLS Bank uses such a software system to handle foreign exchange transactions worth  trillion a day. It works by clearing deals and blocking transactions that exceed certain risk rules. At dispute is whether a set of seemingly straightforward payment rules, transcribed into computer code algorithms, qualify as an invention or instead represent abstract ideas that shouldn’t have been patented in the first place. The Supreme Court has previously ruled that mathematical formulas aren’t eligible for protection. Several big technology companies—Google, Microsoft, Dell, HewlettPackard—have sided with CLS Bank. They’re concerned so-called patent trolls, companies that merely file patents instead of manufacturing products (like Alice) and then collect license fees from competitors, are creating a legal quagmire in the technology sector and stifling innovation. They would like the justices to issue a broad ruling further defining what types of software can or can’t be patented. So far, the judiciary has struggled to draw clear lines. When a federal appeals court took up Alice Corporation v. CLS Bank International last year,  judges wrote a total of seven different opinions that observers said left the situation as hazy as ever. On March  the Supreme Court justices spent an hour debating oral arguments in the case, and their questions suggested skepticism of Alice’s financial trading patents. “It sounds like you’re trying to revive the patenting of a function,” Justice Sonia Sotomayor said. Justice Stephen Breyer noted that allowing patents on any type of software could reduce tech company innovation to “competition on who has the best patent lawyer.” A ruling in favor of Alice Corp. would likely encourage more patent lawsuits, but might encourage more software startups as well. If the justices rule against Alice, they may offer specific principles to outline the limits of software patents. Or they may simply throw out the Alice patents, and leave the broader questions unanswered. They’ll decide by midsummer.

Eyes behind Under a rule the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration announced in late March, all new vehicles under , pounds must be equipped with backup cameras by . Many vehicles already come with the technology, which displays a view from the back bumper on a dashboard screen (nearly half of  model vehicles did). Although a rearview camera adds  or more to the price of a car, regulators say the cameras should prevent nearly  deaths per year from backup accidents, many involving young children. —D.J.D.

-  Riley Stratton, a -year-old from central Minnesota, won a , settlement from her school district in March. Two years ago Minnewaska Area Middle School officials gave Riley a detention and forced her to divulge her Facebook password after she made a disparaging comment about a teacher’s aide on her account and engaged in a sexually themed online chat with a boy. But since both incidents occurred from Riley’s home, her mother argued the school overstepped its bounds. —D.J.D.


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Notebook > Science

Fair versus spiteful

Darwinists create clever model to account for bad survival traits By daniel james devine

helped spiteful people survive. It’s an imaginative and clever solution for two evolutionary riddles, fairness and spite. Clever or not, evolutionary models ultimately diverge from the biblical account. Christians say humans understand fairness (and sometimes act on it) because God created them in His image—studies show even 1-year-old toddlers grasp the concept of equally shared toys. Spite and selfishness are built in, too, as slices of sin nature: Just because a toddler understands sharing doesn’t mean he will. For ancient man, as modern, “every intention of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually” (Genesis 6:5). Win or lose, some players will always stand ready to play the spite card.

Dusty dilemma A new air quality rule meant to protect workers could put some of them out of a job. The U.S. Labor Department’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration proposes cutting in half the allowable amount of airborne silica dust on job sites, to 50 micrograms per cubic meter of air. Silica dust is present in mines, quarries, some construction sites, and sand used in the casting process at foundries. Overexposure can cause silicosis or lung cancer. During hearings in March and April, though, foundry representatives said implementing the necessary air controls could cost the industry 10 percent of its annual revenue. Peter Mark, a safety executive at Grede Holdings, a Michigan casting business, said the rule would “significantly impair U.S. foundries’ ability to compete in a global economy, force foundries to go out of business and others to shift production offshore.” —D.J.D.


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man: PeskyMonkey/istock • pie: EasyBuy4u/istock • woman: lisafx/istock • quarry: superlid/shutterstock

nothing. This is spite in action. Evolutionarily speaking, they die. In their computer simulation, Forber and Smead tweaked the scenario by creating virtual players with varying tendencies toward fairness, selfishness, or spitefulness. They found, perhaps surprisingly, that the spiteful types played most successfully with congenial people who were willing to make fair offers and accept bad deals to avoid a stalemate. Writing in Proceedings of the Royal Society B in February, the two philosophers argue their simulation shows that spite and fairness coevolved: Our ancestors were more likely to offer fair deals because it helped them avoid becoming the victim of a selfish person’s spite. Those fair deals, in turn,

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4/14/14 8:27 PM

Karl-Josef Hildenbrand/picture-alliance/dpa/AP


Evolution has a problem with fairness and spite. At least at face value, there’s little gained by sharing your food in a world of survival of the fittest. At the other extreme, humans will sometimes expend energy to harm another person, even though the antagonist stands to gain nothing (except sour satisfaction). You’d think natural selection would have killed off creatures that waste resources in this fashion. Lay aside doubts about evolution and play along for a minute. In a recent study, two philosophers from Massachusetts, Patrick Forber and Rory Smead, think they’ve found a common origin for fairness and spite. Their experiment involves a computer simulation of a common lab game researchers use to study human behavior, called the “ultimatum game.” The game goes like this: Player A gets a chance to share a resource (an apple pie, let’s say) with player B. He can offer any amount—half the pie (the “fair” portion), one slice, or a piece of crust. Player B can accept or reject the offer, however stingy. But if he rejects it, the deal is off, and both players get

man: PeskyMonkey/istock • pie: EasyBuy4u/istock • woman: lisafx/istock • quarry: superlid/shutterstock

Karl-Josef Hildenbrand/picture-alliance/dpa/AP

Notebook > Houses of God

The Landsberg prison church in Landsberg am Lech, Germany

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4/11/14 8:38 AM

Notebook > Sports

Rounding for home

Baseball player DANIEL MURPHY launches debate on paternity leave for athletes BY ANDREW BRANCH



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Laced with sarcasm, criticism of the radio hosts became a social and worldview forum for workers’ rights to gender roles. Even ultra-liberal MSNBC stood up for Murphy, on liberal grounds: The view that a woman should make it on her own—at least in the domestic sphere—comes from the dreaded culprit of patriarchy, Chris Hayes said. Being with your wife and child “actually is part of being a man.” Esiason apologized for his comments, saying he “felt really bad” and he wasn’t “telling women what to do with their bodies.” But Francesa stood his ground: Hire a nurse. “Your wife doesn’t need your help the first couple of days, you know that,” Francesa said. Murphy joins a list of several athletes similarly scrutinized in football, a sport with only  games per season rather than . Chicago Bears cornerback Charles Tillman had encouragement from teammates facing a potential game day birth in . But NBC Sports’ Mike Florio said Tillman had an obligation to use TAKING LEAVE: Murphy and his wife.

family planning around the offseason or miss the birth for the job he chose. In , the Houston Oilers threatened to fine and suspend a player for missing a game  hours after his wife gave birth. Many, then, want athletes to make the same family sacrifices as soldiers on deployment. What Murphy did was force those detractors to reconsider what really matters. “I saw how selfish I was very quickly,” Murphy told the New York Post. But that wasn’t him acknowledging his detractors. That was him sharing lessons-in-progress as a new dad with sleepless nights. “We had our first panic session,” Murphy said of the “really cool” incident. “It was dark. She tried to change a diaper—couldn’t do it. I came in. It was just the three of us at  o’clock in the morning, all freaking out. He was the only one screaming. I wanted to.” Murphy says he renewed his Christian faith in  after injuries derailed his career, separating his identity from baseball. He didn’t need to defend himself. Baseball wasn’t No.  anymore. He let his marriage and parenting speak for themselves. A


Z   and radio pundits had to bite their tongues after a national dispute over New York Mets second baseman Daniel Murphy, . His crime? Missing two games after his wife, Tori, gave birth to their first child. Named for the biblical character, little Noah came at noon Monday on Opening Day, March . The Mets had Tuesday off. But because his wife’s cesarean section left her weak and would prevent her from traveling to New York from the couple’s Florida home for weeks, Murphy took the extra day off and missed Wednesday’s game. “A father seeing his wife—she was completely finished,” he told reporters. “Having me there helped a lot, and vice versa.” The Mets lost both games. Mets manager Terry Collins defended Murphy, but New York radio hosts blasted the player and the whole concept of paternity leave. You see the birth, they said, and you get back to work. Boomer Esiason, a former NFL quarterback, said he would have asked for a C-section before the season. Mike Francesa also criticized Murphy and other players taking time off from the game for a child’s birth: “For what?” he asked. “To take pictures?” He said he would “rather go out and get a couple of hits if I was a player.” Murphy was actually entitled to those three days through baseball’s labor rules, and at least three other players took paternity leave the same week.

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4/16/14 10:55 AM

Notebook > Religion

Going with the flow

Bible Study Fellowship joins controversy by adopting the  NIV Bible BY DAVE SWAVELY


W K O heard that Bible Study Fellowship had decided to switch to the  redo of the New International Version in its teaching materials, she was concerned. She had heard of the controversy surrounding that translation, so she did some research about the issue on her own. What she found out eventually led her to write a letter of resignation from her position as a BSF small group leader. In it she said, “BSF has been an amazing tool in my life to grow in Christ and be blessed with godly relationships that are precious to me,” but added “with sadness” that she thinks the decision to use the new NIV has “opened the door” for distortions

of truth in the ministry. Others are also leaving BSF over this issue. For readers who may not be aware of the controversy surrounding the  NIV, it began in  with publication of the NIV Inclusive Language Edition (now discontinued) and continued in the early s with release of Today’s New International Version (TNIV). Critics such as Wayne Grudem decried many of the changes made to the widely used  NIV, particularly the use of “gender neutral” language that led to plural pronouns such as “they” replacing single masculine ones like “he.” Critics also disputed the translation of some important verses about gender issues. For example,  Timothy : changed from saying women should not “have authority” over men, to women should not “assume authority”:

That understanding could allow women to be pastors and elders as long as their church duly appoints them. The Committee on Bible Translation (CBT), which is responsible for the NIV, took the criticisms into account when it produced the  update, but the changes it made were not sufficient for most of the critics, since many of the plural pronouns and the  Timothy : wording remained. The critics are complementarians—they say men and women have some roles that are different but complementary—but the CBT includes egalitarians who downplay differences. Critics worry that the CBT is compromising the integrity of Scripture. For example, Birmingham pastor Harry Reeder says the  NIV is “more committed to being affirmed by the culture than communicating God’s Word to the culture. It’s one thing to translate God’s Word in terms the culture will understand; it’s another to do so in terms the culture will accept.” But CBT member Craig Blomberg, a Denver Seminary professor who describes himself as a “mild complementarian,” says the CBT sought to apply research findings on English language usage and to produce what he calls an “optimally equivalent” translation. Regarding the specific example of  Timothy :, Blomberg says “assume authority” is a neutral translation that the CBT thought did not tilt the exegesis one way or the other. BSF Executive Director Susan Rowan told me BSF “believes and teaches the full inerrancy of the original text of Scripture,” and “the BSF leadership conducted thorough research and consulted with several scholars to assure that the NIV  continued its tradition of accuracy to the original manuscripts.” A


‘It’s one thing to translate God’s Word in terms the culture will understand; it’s another to do so in terms the culture will accept.’

— 

—Dave Swavely is a Pennsylvania pastor and author

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Mailbag ‘Fleeing hell’

March  Thank you for the cover story on North Korea. My heart has been burdened for over a year to pray for the enslaved and oppressed victims of Kim Jung Un. I believe God wants us to support these people with our prayers and by our interest in the truth. —B R, Lynchburg, Va. This story gripped my heart. The atrocities North Koreans must endure are incredible. May God work in their lives and bring even more people to know Him. —M B, Kisumu, Kenya

‘Permanent marker’ March  Sophia Lee pointed out that Leviticus : prohibits tattoos, and  Corinthians says that we should glorify God with our bodies because they are temples of the Holy Spirit. Therefore we must not defile them with smoking, tattoos, or anything else harmful. Tattoos are like graffiti on a church. —A N, Marietta, Ga.

I appreciate Lee’s article about Christians communicating their faith through tattoos. I have seven tattoos that were for aligning my radiation oncology treatments  years ago. I thank the Spirit, who healed and later saved me, that the ink pinpricks form a connect-the-dots cross over my heart. —K H, Edmond, Okla.

Tattoos and cremation are common practices in paganism and carry loads of theological freight. These aren’t fads; they are worldview expressions.

Send photos and letters to:

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Christians who get tattoos are culturally tone-deaf. —M W, Ft. Lauderdale, Fla.

I am a believer who has tattoos. One of them is the name of Jesus in the shape of the cross on my right arm. It has led to conversations about Christ, and it allows unbelievers to see that the Christian faith is not just about what “Thou shalt not.” —R F, Port Townsend, Wash.

One historian observed that ascending civilizations pattern themselves after those who are creative, intelligent, and promote advancement and accomplishment. Civilizations in descent mimic what was previously considered primitive and pagan. Are the markers of our culture (music, art, dress, language) moving toward wisdom and beauty or the base and barbaric? —D P. G, Wellington, Colo.

Dispatches March  The president’s recommended defense budget indicates that he is refusing to carry out his principal constitutional responsibility: to defend this country. He is also abandoning the responsibility, ours since World War II, to employ military force abroad to

protect our national interests and those of our allies. —M M S, Denver, Colo.

Regarding the vetoing of Arizona’s religious liberty law: We need to think creatively about how to serve Him in the public square with what He’s given us. For example, wedding photographers might agree to work for samesex couples but advise them that some profits go to organizations that oppose gay marriage laws. They might take their business elsewhere, or the photographer might have an opportunity to show the love of Christ to people opposed to Him. Politics is not our only weapon. —P B, Dallas, Texas

‘Do you believe in magic?’ March  Professor Volokh’s premise that for a program to be counted as successful all participants should be surveyed, regardless of adherence to the protocol, is absurd. Should we apply the same standard to his university? Should the college’s statistics include all students who do not complete their programs? —R B, Palos Park, Ill.

I can’t believe Volokh. If I quit lifting weights after one session, do I still get the muscles? —J W, Houston, Texas

‘Above the laws’ March  I am astounded that Janie B. Cheaney understands that “if we don’t recognize a higher authority, we end up with a government of legalities,” and

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NAIROBI, KENYA submitted by Gary Stewart

yet does not see Judge Roy Moore as the champion of the rule of law. I would argue that the federal judge who ordered the Ten Commandments monument removed was wrong and that Judge Moore was upholding the rule of law. —P B, Nashville, Tenn.

‘Walking through fi re’ March  I have followed Elisabeth Elliot Gren since Jim Elliot and the other missionaries were killed in the jungles of Ecuador. Her illness breaks my heart; I too am a caregiver for a spouse with this difficult disease. —C S, Midland, Mich.

In the mid-s when I was a stayat-home mother of young children, Elliot’s radio program was the cornerstone of my day. When my own beloved husband died suddenly in  leaving me with young children, I remembered her example. Accepting my husband’s death and knowing that God is sovereign was the beginning of God healing my deep grief. —N T, Spartanburg, S.C.

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Ruth Graham, Edith Schaeffer, and Elisabeth Elliot taught us “biblical womanhood” in an era of feminist rage. I am very grateful for their faithfulness and sad to see them go. —M MC, Forsyth, Mont.

‘Waves of the future?’ March  Building dikes to protect coastal areas from rising sea levels is not only economical, it is the only response, given that there is no proof that global warming is predictable or caused by humans. —P S. R, Missoula, Mont.

‘Can we afford it?’ March  I am praying for Joel Belz with his diagnosis of Parkinson’s. It must be an unfamiliar and scary place; I am praying he will know God’s presence and peace. —R L, Valley Center, Kan.

‘History makers’ March  Stephen Mansfield says that he thinks the president is “further along internally on an evangelical journey” in spite of his extreme liberalism. Where is the evidence for such a generous assessment? I cannot see

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into his heart either, but his actions and demeanor suggest he is willing to make a show of being religious when it suits his purpose. —S S, Sylva, N.C.

‘Cognitive schemes’

There’s still health care for people of Biblical faith!

March  It is important to make the distinction between something we can’t control and something we bring upon ourselves. I also appreciated the observations on sin’s ability to make us choose selfdestructive tendencies. —L M, Newtown Square, Pa.

‘For better, for worse’ Feb.  Many people told our daughters how tough marriage was going to be, but I loved what Joel Belz had to say about discovering the promise of marriage and his upbeat manner in saying it. —R R, The Woodlands, Texas

‘Single but not solitary’ Feb.  I turn  this year, but at an early age I felt called to a single lifestyle. Few evangelical churches teach that singleness is not a burden or a temporary situation, many put great pressure on young people to marry, and many events seem off-limits for the unmarried. I eventually left my Bible church for a confessional Lutheran church that teaches singleness as a vocation to which a person may be called. What a change not to feel like the proverbial third wheel. —D LR, Lebanon, Pa.

Correction Children of the Night’s resident teacher Sonia Ventura was pictured working with a student (“Cotton kids,” April , p. ).

LETTERS & PHOTOS Email: Write: WORLD Mailbag, PO Box , Asheville, NC - Please include full name and address. Letters may be edited to yield brevity and clarity.

If you are a committed Christian, you can live consistently with your beliefs by sharing medical needs directly with fellow believers through Samaritan Ministries’ non-insurance approach. You do not have to violate your faith by purchasing health insurance that pays for abortions, abortifacient drugs, and other unbiblical practices. Health care sharing satisfies the individual mandate in the recent Federal health care law (United States Code 26, Section 5000A, (d), (2), (B)). Every month the more than 33,000* households of Samaritan Ministries (over 110,000* persons) share more than $8 million* in medical needs directly—one household to another. They also pray for one another and send notes of encouragement. The monthly share for a family membership of any size has never exceeded $370*.

For more information call us toll-free at 1-888-268-4377, or visit us online at: Follow us on Twitter (@samaritanmin) and Facebook (SamaritanMinistries). * As of March 2014

Biblical faith applied to health care

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4/14/14 9:25 AM

finding truth in the questions All religions and worldviews seek to answer the fundamental questions of human existence. But the main worldviews each tend to stress a different issue. Abdu Murray, a lawyer and former Muslim, digs deeply into atheism, pantheism and theism (specifically in the form of Islam), comparing each to the central message of Jesus. “Here you will find a wise and gentle voice who truly understands the doubter and skeptic. Abdu has wrestled with the claims of truth made by many worldviews and shows how the gospel is utterly unique and beautiful. I enthusiastically recommend his work.” — Ravi Zacharias, author and speaker 1.800.843.9487 An InterVarsity Press Paperback and eBook

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3/27/14 10:45:45 4/10/14 8:52AM AM

Andrée Seu Peterson

Sexual propaganda What many moms and dads are paying for in higher education


“I   even to speak of the things that they do in secret” (Ephesians :). But what if they do them in the open? What if they do them in Room  of the campus Physical Education Center and are graded on them? And what if you’re footing the bill, Mom and Dad? I borrowed -year-old Ella’s textbook and syllabus for her Human Sexuality class. Crooks and Baur, th edition—the hefty paperback costs , of which Ella will only recoup  at semester’s end—boasts ponderous double authorship, but the contents bear no resemblance to rigor of scholarship, notwithstanding a plethora of charts and graphs. A sample of sex “science”: “Physical attractiveness often plays a dominant role in drawing lovers together.” “Jealousy is an uncomfortable feeling that often harms a relationship and stifles the pleasure of being together.” “Facial expressions of emotion are often a powerful component of nonverbal communication.” Now from the banal to the blatantly propagandist: “The religious right in America has long labored to reinforce traditional gender roles through its efforts to shape American politics.” “Gender roles are a product of socialization.” “The teachings of Jesus emphasized love, compassion, and forgiveness … ‘Neither do I condemn thee.’” “Homophobia can be best thought of as a prejudice similar to racism, anti-Semitism, or sexism.” Here are Crooks and Baur as Bible experts: “Beginning in the th century BCE, … Jewish religious leaders wanted to develop a distinct closed community. Homosexual activities were a part of the religious practices of many peoples in that era, and rejecting such practices was one way of keeping the Jewish religion unique.” The painful  Clarence Thomas–Anita Hill trial is resurrected as an example of workplace sexual harassment to punish the Supreme Court justice all over again—never mind that Thomas was found not guilty, a detail not included by Crooks and Baur. The book has a chapter on “Guidelines for Coming Out to Friends,” photos of myriad sexual positions, and a table to educate you on the difference between fetishism, transvestic fetishism, sexual sadism, sexual masochism, autoerotic asphyxia, Klismophilia, Coprophilia and Urophilia, exhibitionism, voyeurism, frotteurism, zoophilia, and necophilia. Not a moral objection is raised to any of the above “sexual expressions.”


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Remember the spelling lists your teacher gave you for homework? Ella’s list includes: “gender” (defined as a “psychological construct”), “excitement phase,” “plateau phase,” “orgasm,” and “resolution.” Remember multiple choice tests? Here is a sampler from Ella’s quizzes: “Which of the following is least likely to be a suggestion for maintaining sexual variety?”; “Which of the following is the best example of homophobia?”; “Masturbation has been recommended in your text for all except which of the following?”; “Which of the following best reflects current views toward homosexuality within Christianity?” Ella’s Oct.  term paper is an “Experiential Paper” and the professor promises: “This paper is completely confidential. No one reads it except me! [That’s comforting.] Minimum length is four pages, double spaced. Pick a project that will challenge you.” Choices: 3 Interview someone whose sexuality is clearly different from yours. Find out about their sexual behavior and feelings. 3 Spend at least two hours in a gay male bar, a lesbian bar, a transgender bar, or a sexually oriented club. If you are having trouble finding one, you can search the internet. 3 Attend a Sexual Pleasure Workshop. Write about the experience. 3 Visit a sex or novelty shop. What was it like inside? Ella’s Nov.  paper is a “Sexual History”: “Students will complete a sex history. Below are listed the components you will need to include in your history. Think about all of these components and write about EVERY SINGLE ONE, including your feelings about these events.” I scan down to the obligatory “components” and read: 3 Early memories of sexual feelings and experimentation. 3 First sexual experience(s) with another person. 3 Your favorite sexual fantasies and how you feel about them. In Cal Thomas’ What Works, the political commentator writes: “The question must be asked: why do so many parents who hold traditional views that worked for them and the country willingly and enthusiastically send their children to academic institutions that frequently undermine everything they believe? And pay for it, too? Is it because of the ‘prestige’ of these historic schools?” Isn’t it time to stop kidding ourselves about the worth of faded sheepskin and “prestige”? A

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4/10/14 9:15 AM

Marvin Olasky

College financial miseries

We are not to serve both God and Mammon, but in higher education the pressure is intense



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But here’s the problem: Small courses and mentoring are labor-intensive and costly. That meant money at King’s drove everything from curriculum development to class size: It’s that way at most colleges now. Money drove the decision of the King’s board to sign onto federal student loan programs. Money sometimes drove decisions regarding admissions. Academically superior students could get big scholarship offers from other colleges, and if King’s wanted those students it would have to discount tuition substantially—but if we settled for students who could not get into other good colleges, we could charge the full amount. We are not to serve both God and Mammon, but the pressure to do so was inevitable, given life in a higher education bubble that is popping. It’s unfair that higher education dollars flow to secular schools but rarely to Christian colleges—we’d be much better off with a modern equivalent of the G.I. Bill that gave recipients low-cost enrollment in the college of their choice rather than the colleges ordained by government—but that’s the way it is and will be. Every Christian college administrator needs to understand that. I feel a bit like George McGovern, the three-term liberal senator and Democratic presidential nominee in . Ousted from the Senate and turning  in , he bought as a retirement investment in Connecticut the Stratford Inn— rooms, a restaurant, a conference center. Over the next  months he lost all the money he had made in years of speechifying. McGovern later wrote that he gained, too late, “firsthand experience about the difficulties business people face every day. That knowledge would have made me a better U.S. senator and a more understanding presidential contender.” Epignosis has made me a more understanding critic of Christian college education. My office wall now sports no diplomas, award plaques, or power wall photos with government leaders. It does display one paper plate from the King’s student council that declared me “Captain Action” for regularly coming up with new ideas. Some worked. Some did not. But it was a big challenge—and eventually, given financial needs, something had to break. A


G . : Knowledge vs. personal experience. This issue contains our cover story on Christian college trends. I can supplement that with a brief account of my - experience as provost (chief academic officer) of The King’s College, New York City, a school that faced financial difficulty like that now plaguing numerous Christian colleges. At King’s I sometimes had to give professors offthe-record advice: “Uh, if you’re counting on an assured salary, you might not want to buy that house right now.” Often I didn’t know whether the payroll checks would go out until the day they did. Professors on one-year contracts without tenure felt disrespected by administrators who were trying to put the college on a business-like basis to keep it afloat. The faculty teaching load was double what I often had during my two decades at The University of Texas at Austin (UT). That’s typical at Christian colleges. Professors with ambition to deliver papers at academic conferences have little time to research and write, and little funding for travel—so it’s important to hire faculty members who care more about applying the Bible than padding their resumés with journal articles almost no one reads. At UT, professors were supposed to have office hours for student visits, and professors were often literalists: “hours” meant two. At King’s, professors were also mentors, and many added a zero to the common secular practice:  office hours per week. Teaching at King’s, in short, was neither a job nor an adventure: It had to be a calling. It’s much easier to base grades on multiple choice tests than to comment line-by-line on student papers, but small classes and faculty feedback differentiated King’s from some of its big competitors. Frequent contact with students was particularly important as online education grew: Reduce the most costly part of in-person college education and students might as well be far away. (I knew that from my own teaching experience. Students in my -to- person writing classes at UT got a far better education than they would have received online. Those in my -student lecture classes received a worse one.)


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“Peace if possible, truth at all costs.” Martin Luther

krieg barrie


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Renewing MINDS Excellence-driven higher education begins with stellar faculty


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4/10/14 9:35 AM

WORLD Magazine May 3, 2014 Vol. 29 No. 9  

Real matters.

WORLD Magazine May 3, 2014 Vol. 29 No. 9  

Real matters.