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The besT indicaTor of The future? The past.

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Contents

          ,     /        ,       

FE AT UR E S

38 Inside outsider

COVER STORY Despite past infidelities and an establishment background, Newt Gingrich has pedaled his way to evangelical support—but Romney, Santorum, and Paul continue to press

34 Good deeds punished

New York congregations that worship in public schools face a Feb.  deadline to get out and stay out

42 Remembering Black history African-Americans should not lose their past

43 Miss Virginia

Meet the woman whose civil-rights journey stretched from Little Rock to Washington, D.C.

46 Climbing out of the cradle

Kay Coles James is rebuilding the home and the legacy of Robert Russa Moton

DISPATCHES 5 News 14 Human Race 16 Quotables 18 Quick Takes

49 Taking a stand

Quentin Smith and  other African-American officers in  refused an unjust order and got the attention of a president

54 More unmerited mercy

Battling against ideologies that mistranslate the Bible, kill neighborhoods, and hurt students. Not so often battling against my own pride

23

ON THE COVER: Illustration by Krieg Barrie; Virginia Walden Ford: Guy Lyons/Genesis; NYC protest: Tiffany Owens

FORD: LEE LOVE/GENESIS

34 43

59

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REVIEWS 23 Movies & TV 26 Books 28 Q&A 30 Music NOTEBOOK 59 Lifestyle 62 Technology 64 Science 65 Houses of God 66 Sports 67 Money 68 Religion VOICES 3 Joel Belz 20 Janie B. Cheaney 32 Mindy Belz 52 Paul Glader 71 Mailbag 75 Andrée Seu 76 Marvin Olasky

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“The earth is the L’s and the fullness thereof; the world and those who dwell therein.” —   :

 Editor in Chief   Editor   Managing Editor   News Editor   Senior Writers  .  /     /  .  /     /    /   Reporters   /    Correspondents   /     /   /      /   /   /     /   /     /   /   Mailbag Editor   Executive Assistant  c Editorial Assistants   /  

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 Web Executive Editor  c Web Assistant Editor   Web Editorial Assistant  

       

Invest Wisely.

Founder   Publisher  .  CEO   Associate Publisher   

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 Advertising Office .. Director of Sales and Marketing   Account Execs   /   /   The World Market  

              

Thousands of native missionaries in poorer countries effectively take the gospel to unreached people groups in areas that are extremely difficult for American missionaries to reach.

God’s World Publications   ()   /   /   4 They speak the local languages   /   /   4 They are part of the culture  .  /   /   4 They never need a visa, airline   /   / or furloughs tickets,   /   4 They win souls and plant

             

churches Native missionaries serve the Lord at a fraction of what it costs to send an American missionary overseas.

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KRIEG BARRIE

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Joel Belz

Supreme agreement

Christians can rejoice in the high court’s unanimous wisdom in the Hosanna-Tabor case

KRIEG BARRIE

>>

I’     where it may ultimately lead. But if you wanted a giant roadblock to slow down the scary intrusion of a nanny state into the lives of evangelical Christians, you had to holler “Hosanna!” when you learned about the Supreme Court’s landmark religious liberty decision this past month. Here’s how I tried to describe it last week to a group of about  people at my church. “How many of you would object,” I asked, “if a building official from the city showed up tomorrow, determined to check out the safety of the electrical and plumbing systems in our church building?” One diehard libertarian raised his hand, suggesting that even that was too great a concession of his American freedom. But the other  seemed to say that they could live with such a city inspector—and most of them suggested that’s a small price to pay for safety. OK, I said. But what if the same city inspectors remind us of a requirement they’d thrown at us a few years ago? We’d been wanting to enhance our church parking lot—but were told that if we moved so much as a shovelful of dirt, we’d also be required to construct expensive new sidewalks around the entire perimeter of the church property, and to plant dozens of costly trees exactly where the city said it wanted them. The know-it-all code showed no common sense, but ended up precluding improvements that would have beautified the neighborhood. The memory got folks’ dander up a bit, and at least a couple of dozen people said they would object. But those two cases were only warmer-uppers. What happens, I asked next, if our church secretary decides to resign, and in the process of hiring her replacement we discover we’re subject to a whole sheaf of labor and anti-discrimination laws? What if we’re now required to cast our net widely, welcoming applicants from every religious background, every lifestyle, and every sexual preference. The city’s argument, of course, is that secretarial work is secular in nature. The freedom to preach and teach our religious distinctives is in no way jeopardized by a requirement that we be pluralistic when seeking out secretaries, janitors, bookkeepers, lawnkeepers, and maybe even nursery workers. My focus group’s frustration was being aroused, though, and at least 

Email: jbelz@worldmag.com

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percent of them raised their hands to say this was altogether objectionable. So there was really no room at all left for discussion about Scenario No. , where I raised the possibility that government (at some level) might have the right to run candidates for our pastoral, teaching, and counseling staff through its own filter. No way—no way, at all, my focus group said with unanimity. And, amazingly, so did the U.S. Supreme Court in its aptly titled Jan.  decision, Hosanna-Tabor Evangelical Lutheran Church and School v. EEOC (see p. ). To work backwards a bit, the Court seemed to say, in effect: If you’ve been concerned about Scenario No. , quit worrying. Positions that obviously involve ministry functions are all but exempt from such discrimination laws. The big surprise came in the Court’s blunt caution to meddlesome government regulators in Scenario  circumstances. Efforts to sort out which functions are “religious” and which are “secular” will from now on find it much harder to get a hearing from the Supreme Court. The suggestion to churches, charitable organizations, and perhaps other bold souls is to get busy ensuring that the religious requirements they impose on employees are in good faith, have a religious purpose, and are made clear to everyone. The fact that the high court’s Hosanna-Tabor decision thundered with a - majority means that future challenges on the subject will likely be less frequent and more timid. Scenarios  and , of course, have to do mostly with safety and environmental issues—and there’s time enough to develop wise responses under those headings. For now, Christians in America should rejoice that nine Supreme Court justices displayed such a combination of wisdom and common sense. A FEBRUARY 11, 2012

WORLD

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Dispatches NEWS HUMAN RACE QUOTABLES QUICK TAKES

Left behind >>

NEWS: President Obama went against some of his allies, including within his administration, with his contraceptive mandate

OBAMA: HARAZ N. GHANBARI/AP

BY EMILY BELZ in Washington

M    of his religious left supporters and even some of his staffers, President Barack Obama announced on Jan.  that most religious groups must provide full medical insurance coverage for contraceptives, including abortion-causing drugs like Plan B and Ella. Facing an August  deadline if Obama is reelected, religious groups are now considering whether to violate their consciences, or end insurance coverage for their employees and pay hefty fines to the federal government. A Democratic source who knows of internal administration discussions but opposed the final decision told WORLD—others have confirmed this—that Bill Daley, who recently resigned as Obama’s chief of staff, argued for a broader religious exemption, as did Joshua DuBois, the head of the faith-based office. But Stephanie Cutter, President Obama’s deputy campaign

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manager, trumpeted the contraceptive/abortion decision in an email to supporters that she sent on the anniversary of the Roe v. Wade decision: “[O]ur opponents have been waging a war on women’s health. … The president has stood firm against these attacks.” Planned Parenthood and NARAL Pro-Choice America had lobbied the administration furiously in the last few months to require religious organizations to submit to the contraceptive/abortion mandate. Obama allies such as the Catholic Health Association expressed “disappointment” with the president’s decision. “This was a missed opportunity to be clear on appropriate conscience protection,” stated association head Carol Keehan. “President Obama lost my vote yesterday,” wrote Michael Sean Winters of National Catholic Reporter: “I accuse you, Mr. President, of treating shamefully those Catholics who went out on a limb to support you.” Sojourners also argued for an expanded religious exemption and called the Obama decision “a step backward.” Evangelicals for Social Action, a left-leaning group, signed a letter in the fall with more than a dozen other FEBRUARY 11, 2012

WORLD

1/26/12 3:07 PM


Dispatches > News

PRI political party will announce on Feb.  its candidate for the July  presidential elections in Mexico. After holding power for  years, the center-left PRI lost its control of the Mexican presidency in . But now, behind its likely candidate Enrique Peña Nieto, the PRI could once again become the nation’s establishment.

LOOKING AHEAD CPAC 2012

The American Conservative Union’s CPAC  kicks off Feb.  in Washington, D.C. The influential three-day convention, co-hosted this year by TheTeaParty.net, will feature dozens of recognizable speakers from America’s political right, including presidential candidates Newt Gingrich, Mitt Romney, and Rick Santorum.

The 54th annual Grammy Awards

For the first time in seven years, the premier music awards show will have a host. This year, hiphop mogul and actor LL Cool J will host the Grammy Awards on Feb. . Rapper Kanye West received the most nominations with seven.

Westminster dog show

The Westminster Kennel Club’s th annual dog show begins Feb. . Last year, a female Scottish Deerhound named Foxcliffe Hickory Wind became the first of its breed to win Best in Show honors at the prestigious dog show and competition. USA Network and CNBC will carry live coverage of the show for the two nights of competition.

Diamond Jubilee

The reign of Queen Elizabeth II over the United Kingdom will reach its th year on Feb.  as the entire nation celebrates the beloved queen’s Diamond Jubilee. But the anniversary of her ascendance to the throne in  will serve only as a precursor to Diamond Jubilee celebrations in June, closer to her birthday.

Anglican General Synod By the time the

Church of England’s General Synod concludes on Feb. , its planned votes on women bishops and homosexuality could spark more division in the -millionmember Anglican Communion.

NIETO: LUCÍA GODÍNEZ/AGENCIA EL UNIVERSAL/GDA/AP • QUEEN: CHRIS JACKSON/WPA POOL/GETTY IMAGES • CPAC: ROBERT GIROUX/GETTY IMAGES • LL COOL J: JENNIFER GRAYLOCK/AP • DOG SHOW: MARY ALTAFFER/AP

organizations across the spectrum, including Notre Dame Law School, World Relief, and the Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America, calling for the administration to broaden the exemption. Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius argued that the decision “strikes the appropriate balance between respecting religious freedom and increasing access to important preventive services.” The “balance” she referred to is allowing religious groups that don’t currently offer contraceptives and abortion-causing drugs an extra year to comply, giving them until August . Archbishop Timothy Dolan, president of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, stated, “In effect, the president is saying we have a year to figure out how to violate our consciences.” The only exemption from the mandate is for groups that have the “inculcation of religious values” as their primary mission and who serve and employ people of their faith—which essentially covers only churches and seminaries, not religiousbased colleges and social service groups. The churches that do fall under the exemption and don’t provide contraceptives will be required to provide information to employees about where to obtain contraceptives. A Colorado Christian University lawsuit filed in December against the contraceptive mandate noted, “The government’s mandate unconstitutionally coerces Colorado Christian to violate its deeply held religious beliefs under threat of heavy fines and penalties.” The Becket Fund for Religious Liberty, which is representing Colorado Christian, expects other religious groups to add their names to lawsuits on this matter in the near future. Ironically, the administration’s mandate comes on the heels of a unanimous Supreme Court ruling—Hosanna-Tabor v. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission—that banned the government from interfering in a church school’s employment decisions. Cardinal Daniel DiNardo, the chair of the U.S. Catholic Church’s committee on pro-life activities, told parishioners at a mass on Jan. , “Never before in our U.S. history has the federal government forced citizens to directly purchase what violates our beliefs.” A

Mexican politics Mexico’s influential

WORLD FEBRUARY 11, 2012

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1/26/12 4:37 PM


“AGENDA is absolutely brilliant...” Ted Baehr, Movieguide

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Dispatches > News GettinG out a mass exodus of mostly Christian southerners living in northern nigeria began after officials on Jan. 23 relaxed a 24-hour curfew in the country’s second-largest city, Kano. a string of coordinated bombings attributed to al-qaeda affiliate boko haram in Kano Jan. 20 left about 200 estimated dead. On Jan. 22 three bombs exploded at churches in bauchi City, also in the north, but there were no reported injuries or deaths. Earlier that day, in Tafawa balewa south of bauchi City, gunmen fired on Christians, with eight civilians, two soldiers, and a policeman killed. Churches in the area have canceled services, and tensions have remained high since boko haram, a radical Islamic group, announced earlier this month an ultimatum for Christians to leave northern nigeria.

Secular activists launched the Egyptian revolution that ousted President Hosni Mubarak last January, but a year later Islamists are surging. The final results from Egypt’s first post-revolution elections revealed that Islamist political parties won nearly 70 percent of the parliament’s seats. The Muslim Brotherhood’s Freedom and Justice Party gained nearly 44 percent of the seats—an unsurprising victory for a highly organized political group. More surprising: the success of hard-line Salafi politicians who advocate even stricter adherence to Islamic law in government. The Salafi Nour Party won about 20 percent of the seats. The Egyptian military still rules the postmajORity RuLe:  Female members  revolution country, but the parliament will appoint a of the Freedom and  commission to draft a new constitution. Egyptian Justice Party attend  citizens are set to vote on a constitutional referendum the first egyptian  later this year and select a new president. parliament session. The first day of the new parliament on Jan. 22 showed that unity is far from certain. Arguments over selecting a speaker devolved into chaotic shouting matches. Minority secularist politicians objected to Salafi members amending their oaths of office: Some of the members included pledges of loyalty to Islamic law.

More than meets the eye Christians increasingly are becoming the victims of targeted killings in Syria as an uprising against the government of President Bashar Assad enters its 10th month. Sources who cannot be identified for safety reasons told UK-based Barnabas Fund that children in Christian families are being targeted for kidnapping and ransom demands— much as militants targeted Christians in the Nineveh Plain area of Iraq. A 28-year-old Christian kidnapped after Christmas was later found hanged, according to the group, and gunmen have killed others in the streets—at least

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WORLD  February 11, 2012

100 Christians since the uprising began. Despite calls among conservative U.S. lawmakers for Libya-like intervention to end the Assad regime, there is increasing evidence that outside Sunni extremists, including Salafi and Muslim Brotherhood groups, are infiltrating street demonstrations and confrontations to topple the Assad regime. Assad is a Shiite of the Alawite sect. “The current uprising in Syria is not about ‘democracy’ as the West knows it. It is about restoring majoritarianism (Sunni domination), Arab hegemony and the Islamic order to Syria,” writes religious

ViCtimS: a Syrian supporter of President  bashar assad holds a sign reading in French  “Stop killing us in the name of democracy”  during a rally outside a church in Damascus.

liberty expert Elizabeth Kendal. The UN estimates that over 5,000 Syrians have died since the uprising began.

EgypT: KhalED ElfIqI/ap • nIgERIa: SunDay alamba/ap • SyRIa: JOSEph EID/afp/gETTy ImagES CREDIT

uNDeR FiRe: a police  officer walks past the  ruins of a market bombed  by boko Haram in Kano.

Revolutionary zeal

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Dispatches > News

STEAMY: The euro sculpture stands in front of the European Central Bank in Frankfurt, Germany.

Youth march

Despite freezing rain pouring on and off all afternoon Jan. , the annual March for Life, held in Washington, D.C., the day after the anniversary of the Supreme Court’s  Roe v. Wade decision, seemed to draw its largest crowd yet, and most of the marchers were young—teenagers or college students, numbering in the tens of thousands, if not more than a hundred thousand. “Rick Santorum for President” campaign signs were abundant, and some signs for Ron Paul also appeared, but signs for Newt Gingrich or Mitt Romney were either absent or rare.

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MARCH FOR LIFE: ??? • PIPELINE: MCT/NEWSCOM • BANK: MICHAEL PROBST/AP CREDIT

mental groups praised Obama’s CANADA Keystone deciAfter President Obama announced on sion, other Jan.  that he would reject TransCanada’s Democratic bid to build the  billion Keystone XL Existing allies like labor crude oil pipeline from Canada down to pipeline unions were refineries near the Gulf Coast, Canada dismayed. Some indicated that it would expand its oil Democrats on exports to China. The country is now Steele City the Hill critiholding hearings about a new pipeline Proposed Patoka cized the presithat would go west from the oil sands of pipeline Cushing dent’s decision, Alberta to the Pacific Ocean, where oil too. “It’s clear could be shipped to Asia. Canadian Prime Canada is going Minister Steven Harper expressed “proto develop this found disappointment” with Obama’s Houston resource, and I decision and Harper’s natural resource Port Arthur MEXICO believe it is minister Joe Oliver said it would spur better for our “diversifying and expanding our markets, country to have it go here rather than Asian including the growing Asian market.” markets,” said Sen. Kent Conrad, D-N.D., whose Currently Canada exports  percent its state was in the path of the pipeline. crude oil to the United States. Though environ-

Hardisty

After Europe’s financial eruptions in ,  has seemed quiet by comparison. But financial analysts say we shouldn’t be fooled. Europe is quiet in the way a volcano is quiet. That is, nothing has blown up so far, but steam is still rising from the vents. The euro, for example, continues to sink against the dollar—to a -month low. Major structural problems still exist. In fact, something unusual happened in Europe in midJanuary. Eurozone banks held a record amount of cash overnight on Jan.  at the European Central Bank. That’s significant because it’s a sign of stress in the European financial system. The central bank said overnight deposits hit . billion. The high deposits at the ECB mean banks are afraid to loan money to other commercial banks that might pay higher rates but which they fear might go out of business literally overnight. European Central Bank (ECB) President Mario Draghi called Europe’s situation “very grave,” but he added that eurozone governments are making progress to permanently resolve their problems, and that the ECB would cooperate to the limit of the treaty that created it.

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ILLUSTRATION: ART VALERO/SIS • JEREMY AND BEN: COURTESY OF THE WISE FAMILY

DORMANT VOLCANO


Open and shut

When media “balance” doesn’t allow for the view that adultery is wrong BY MaRvin OLaskY

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What Bill Clinton did for teenagers by describing a particular type of sex as non-sex, Newt Gingrich and The New York Times may be doing for a particular type of adultery. A Jan. 20 Times feature (nytimes.com/ roomfordebate) put the issue of “open marriage” before readers, with columns from eight authors or pairs of authors. The Times introduced the debate by asking: Was Gingrich, if he indeed demanded such an arrangement, “onto something? If more people considered such openness an option, would marriage become a stronger institution— less susceptible to cheating and divorce, and more attractive than unmarried cohabitation?” Seven of the eight columns supported “open marriage,” with various caveats. Headlines included “Multiple Partners, But One at a Time,” or “No One Approach Is Ideal,” or “The Perils and Promise of Openness.” One column, “Voters Accept Adultery, But Not Honesty,” suggested that “open marriage” was OK as long as couples did not talk about it. Other columns, such as “Vows to Live By” and “The Right Way to Try

Openness,” suggested individualized marriage pre-nups specifying degrees of openness— as if people in the throes of romance know what they’ll want several years later. Another column suggested that couples “might find their mutual commitment strengthened if they let off some steam.” (Note the presupposition embedded in the metaphor: Humans are a type of machine.) Only one column, “High Risk to Women and Children,” reviewed sociological data showing that “open marriage” is “unfair to women [and] also likely to be a terrible idea for children.” Even that column, though, did not use words such as wrong, let alone sin. Nor did any of the columns note the beauty of biblical marriage, with deepening commitment and love over the decades. The eight columns reveal much about both American expert opinion and The New York Times. Now that most leading journalists don’t believe that “objective truth” exists, the media doctrine of

MARCH FOR LIFE: ??? • PIPELINE: MCT/NEWSCOM • BANK: MICHAEL PROBST/AP CREDIT

ILLuSTRATION: ART VALERO/SIS • jEREMy ANd BEN: COuRTESy OF THE WISE FAMILy

‘‘If more people considered such openness an option, would marriage become a stronger institution?’’

“objectivity” has become a balancing of subjectivities: Balance out quotes from person A and person B, and voila: objectivity, or at least fairness. I’ve challenged that doctrine by suggesting that if person A is a liberal materialist and person B a conservative materialist, readers will be left without a biblical perspective. And here, despite presenting A, B, C, D, E, F, G, and H, the Times still does not allow in the biblical faith that God created the institution of marriage to be gloriously between one man and one woman, with adultery always wrong. Why are so many Americans hostile to the “elite media”? Compare the “balance” of the Times to the University of Chicago’s 2008 General Social Survey: In it 81 percent of Americans responded that it is “always wrong” for a married person to have sex with someone other than his or her spouse. “Always wrong”? For the Times, that’s an outmoded biblical perspective.

A family sacrifices Jeremy and Ben

Dr. Jean and Mary Wise of Hope, Ark., parents of four, have now lost two sons in Afghanistan. Sgt. 1st Class Benjamin Wise, 34, died Jan. 15 after sustaining multiple gunshot wounds in combat with insurgents in Balkh province. He leaves a wife and three children. His older brother, former Navy SEAL Jeremy Wise, 35, died in December 2009 when a suicide bomber attacked a CIA outpost, killing seven.

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Dispatches > News VIOLENCE: Victims of the drug  war in the town of Ixtapaluca, on  the outskirts of Mexico City.

Escalating battles

Mexico and Guatemala are finding no peace in their drug wars by Olivia SnOw

>>

In mid-January, Mexican authorities found two headless bodies in a minivan parked near the entrance of an upscale mall in their capital. That might not seem unusual in a drug war that has become intense since 2006, but Mexico City had previously seemed largely immune from such murder and mayhem. The numbers are staggering: Almost 48,000 people in Mexico have died from drug-related violence in the last five years. Mexico has cooperated with the

United States in capturing top drug lords such as Marco Antonia Guzman, alleged leader of the Juarez Cartel—but beheadings, a massacre of 72 Mexican migrants, and the discovery of mass graves testify to the cartels’ continuing brutality. Drugs are not the only problem. According to a report from the Heritage Foundation, cartels also engage in human trafficking that involves up to 100,000 boys and girls from Latin America each year. Mexican priest Alejandro Solalinde says the Los Zetas

cartel controls trafficking and is even worse than other cartels: Its thugs “are crueler and kill more easily. … They are voracious. They ask for more and more and more money.” The problem isn’t limited to Mexico. Guatemala, which shares a border with Mexico, is a gateway for other Latin American traffickers traveling to the United States. Guatemala’s new president, Otto Perez Molina, plans to use the military to combat drug cartel violence. Colombia struggled with high levels of drug-related violence until it joined forces with the United States in an operation called Plan Colombia that has had good results controlling, but not eliminating, drug violence. Jessica Zuckerman, who works on Latin American issues for the Heritage Foundation, sees no easy solution to cartel violence: “Working on economic reform, judicial reform, issues with law enforcement, and fighting corruption within the government is necessary.” But it’s not clear whether Latin American countries are willing to wage the battle over the long term.

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mExICo: ap • gao: gEmunu amaRasInghE/ap CREDIT

Chinese officials broke a 20-month silence about the fate of prominent dissident and Christian attorney Gao Zhisheng: authorities said the human-rights activist was alive and imprisoned in a remote area of western China. It was bittersweet news. gao’s family feared he was dead, but now they face a new heartbreak: authorities say the activist will spend another three years in jail for violating his probation. police first arrested gao in 2006 for “subversion of state power” after the attorney publicly exposed abuses of Christians and other religious minorities. he remained under house arrest until 2009, when police detained him without explanation. gao resurfaced in march 2010 but disappeared a month later. his family hadn’t heard from him since. a December letter to gao’s brother, gao Zhiyi, confirmed the activist’s location and new prison sentence. gao Zhiyi made an arduous three-day journey to visit his brother in January, only to have authorities refuse his plea to visit. gao’s wife, geng he, wrote an open letter to her husband earlier that month: “Even if you go to the ends of the earth, we will remain connected to you.”

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1/23/12 10:18 AM


Dispatches > Human Race 

 A Peruvian court sentenced Joran van der Sloot to  years in prison for strangling Stephany Flores in . The murder was exactly five years after Natalee Holloway disappeared May , , while vacationing in Aruba. Van der Sloot is believed to be the last person to see her alive. U.S. officials are reportedly working to extradite the -year-old Dutch national to Alabama, where he faces charges of allegedly extorting , from Holloway’s mother, Beth, in exchange for information about the location of the girl’s body. Last month a judge declared Holloway legally dead.

 Rep. Gabrielle Giffords, D-Ariz., announced in late January she is resigning to focus on her recovery from gunshot wounds

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 Target and Nordstrom are receiving praise for including Ryan Langston (above), a -year-old New Jersey boy with Down syndrome, in their advertisements. “The greatest thing that Nordstrom and Target are doing is that they’re not making any reference to his disability. He’s just another cute kid,” father Jim Langston told Disability Scoop website.

 A Ugandan teen is slowly regaining the use of her legs after her father abused her because she left Islam to become a Christian. Susan Ithungu, , spent six months locked in a room receiving

Ryan Langston very little food or water before neighbors alerted police to her plight. Authorities arrested the girl’s father but then quickly released him.

 A Louisiana toddler who inspired thousands as he battled a rare genetic skin disorder that covered his body with painful, debilitating blisters died Jan.  at the age of . Tripp Roth’s mother, -yearold Courtney Roth, chronicled her life parenting a child with epidermolysis bullosa on her popular “EBing a Mommy” blog. Her musings reflected her conviction that God had a plan for her son’s life and that each day spent with him was a blessing.

 Longtime Penn State football coach Joe Paterno died Jan.  at age  after a brief fight with lung cancer. His -season tenure, which

included winning more games than anyone in major college football, taking the Nittany Lions to  bowl games, and winning two national championships, was marred last year after the university fired him amid a child sex-abuse scandal involving a former coach.

 Cracker Barrel Old Country Store founder Danny Evins died Jan.  at age . In , Evins

went from working as a middleman for oil refiners and retailers to launching the down-home restaurant chain along U.S. highways. He sparked controversy in  when he defended a company directive urging all of the chain’s restaurants to fire gay employees—a policy he later rescinded.

SMART: GEORGE FREY/GETTY IMAGES • VAN DER SLOOT: ERNESTO BENAVIDES/AFP/GETTY IMAGES • ITHUNGU: COMPASS DIRECT NEWS • LANGSTON: NORDSTROM • ROTH: HANDOUT • PATERNO: JUSTIN K. ALLER/GETTY IMAGES • EVINS: CRACKER BARREL CREDIT

Kidnapping survivor Elizabeth Smart,, , announced she is engaged and plans to marry later this year. In , Brian David Mitchell snatched the then -year-old Smart from her Utah bedroom and held her captive for nine months. Smart has not revealed the name of her fiancé.

she sustained during a January  shooting rampage that left six people dead. In the months since the incident, Giffords has undergone multiple surgeries and spent countless hours in therapy working to overcome her brain injury. A special election for the conservativeleaning seat will be held in April.

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Dispatches > Quotables

“Before we know it, we’re blacked out because we want to save the whales.” ROBERT LAWTON, a volunteer editor for Wikipedia, on opposing the site’s decision to shut down for  hours on Jan.  to protest anti-piracy legislation.

“Pure survival adrenaline. ... Now I feel anxiety.” ERIKA MINNBERRY on how she felt when fleeing a fastmoving brush fire that forced the evacuation of , people from their homes south of Reno, Nev., on Jan. .

“I am proposing that every state, every state, requires that all students stay in high school until they graduate or turn 18.” President BARACK OBAMA in his Jan.  State of the Union message. The New York Times called this “a command solution to the dropout problem.”

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“Iowa was just indicted for not being able to add. We look silly.” DAVID YEPSEN YEPSEN, former Des Moines Register columnist, on mistakes in tabulating votes for the Iowa Republican caucuses. On caucus night Republicans declared Mitt Romney an eight-vote victor, but he actually lost to Rick Santorum by  votes. Meanwhile, votes from eight precincts are missing and will likely never be found. The mistakes may jeopardize Iowa’s traditional role as the first-in-the-nation caucus.

SHIP: LAURA LEZZA/GETTY IMAGES • DE FALCO: HANDOUT • FIRE: JAMES GLOVER II/REUTERS/LANDOV • OBAMA: SAUL LOEB/AP • IOWA: DAVE WEAVER/AP CREDIT

Livorno Port Authority chief GREGORIO DE FALCO (left), to Francesco Schettino, captain of the luxury ship Costa Concordia, after De Falco learned that the captain fled the ship before all passengers had been rescued. Prosecutors accuse Schettino of causing the ship to crash into rocks off the Italian coast and capsize on Jan. .

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“Schettino, maybe you saved yourself from the sea, but I’ll make you have trouble for sure. Go aboard!”


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SHIP: Laura Lezza/Getty ImaGeS • de faLco: Handout • fIre: JameS GLover II/reuterS/Landov • obama: SauL Loeb/aP • Iowa: dave weaver/aP CREDIT

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Dispatches > Quick Takes Less than a week after being dropped off at a Portland, Ore., pound, one celebrity cat with a massive appetite has a new home. Tipping the scales at  pounds, Walter the cat was dropped off at a Portland Humane Society center and featured on the local television news on Jan. . A day later, Aaron Betancourth and Colleen Sanders walked in the doors of the Humane Society and asked to adopt the obese cat. But a new home for Walter also means new habits: Betancourth and Sanders say they plan on putting Walter on a diet and inducing the feline into regular exercise to shed the pounds.

  A group of Somali pirates chose poorly when targeting a vessel near the port of Mogadishu on Jan. . A skiff carrying six Somali pirates raced toward what they may have assumed was a freighter, opening fire with small-caliber weapons. But to the chagrin of the Somali pirates, they had opened fire not on a freighter but on the SPS Patino, a Spanish warship sent to safeguard freighters in the pirate-infested waters off the Somali coast. The Patino, though a refueling tanker in the Spanish fleet, had more than enough firepower to repel the pirates. After turning their skiff back toward land, the pirates eventually surrendered to a helicopter launched from the deck of the Patino.

  A Russian villager who forked over about  for some used crates got much more than he bargained for. The -year-old resident of Sovkhozny, a village some  miles southeast of Moscow, doled out  rubles to a truck driver passing through his village for a stack of crates he intended to use for firewood to heat his home. But when the man began breaking down the crates, he discovered that they concealed a stockpile of  Kalashnikov assault rifles more than  years old, as well as over  cartridges. Officials told the Reuters news service that the rifles were supposed to be on their way to a recycling plant.

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WALTER: BENJAMIN BRINK/THE OREGONIAN/AP • PIRATES: AFP/NEWSCOM • RIGELL: TOM WILLIAMS/ROLL CALL PHOTOS/NEWSCOM • BUFFETT: JO YONG-HAK/REUTERS/NEWSCOM • KALASHNIKOV: CRAFTVISION/iSTOCK CREDIT

It looks like Berkshire Hathaway billionaire Warren Buffett (below) will be donating to the United States Treasury after all. The investment mogul and supporter of President Barack Obama had challenged Republican lawmakers to put their pocketbooks where their mouths were after they challenged the liberal investor to donate from his own fortune to pay down the nation’s debt. In a Time magazine interview in January, Buffett said that he would pay  of voluntary contributions to the United States Treasury for every  GOP representatives paid. But unfortunately for Buffett, Virginia Republican Rep. Scott Rigell (left) has already made a practice of returning  percent of his Congressional paycheck to the Treasury for deficit reduction. Buffett has acknowledged Rigell’s contributions, and said that he will be writing a , check to the Treasury in April.

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DOG TAGS & POTTER: DAVE KAUP/REUTERS/NEWSCOM • BASHAM: SPRINGFIELD POLICE DEPT. • HAWK: WARWICK SMITH/FAIRFAX/MANAWATU STANDARD • DEKKER: JEAN-MICHEL ANDRE/AFP/GETTY IMAGES CREDIT

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 

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DOG TAGS & POTTER: DAVE KAUP/REUTERS/NEWSCOM • BASHAM: SPRINGFIELD POLICE DEPT. • HAWK: WARWICK SMITH/FAIRFAX/MANAWATU STANDARD • DEKKER: JEAN-MICHEL ANDRE/AFP/GETTY IMAGES CREDIT

After more than  years of being lost on a French battlefield, an American soldier’s dog tags were finally returned home on Jan. . The identification tags belonged to Pvt. Kent Potter, an American soldier who worked supply lines in France during World War I. Late last year, they were found by a pair of Frenchmen who spend time combing old battlefields looking for personal effects. But unlike other Frenchmen who sell relics of World War I, Michael Toussaint and Jean-Claude Fonderflick seek to reunite found artifacts with surviving family members. After finding Pvt. Potter’s tags, the pair tracked down his living son, -year-old Dale Potter, and returned the ID tags to him. “I’m amazed,” said Dale Potter, “that these two people in France still remember and appreciate what the United States did for their country.”

  Suzanne Basham of Springfield, Mo., phoned police on Jan.  with a complaint: Someone had swindled her out of  by selling her a fake product. But this was hardly a routine call. The fake product was sugar instead of the crack cocaine she said she thought she had bought, and the seller was a drug dealer. Basham reportedly tried to convince police to arrest the dealer for theft and grant her a refund of her . Instead, police dispatched officers to Basham’s residence and arrested her for possession of drug paraphernalia.

     A New Zealand farmer who thought he might have some fun with local bird watchers is now finding that his prank may land him in jail. A judge in Dannevirke, New Zealand, in January found Grant Michael Teahan guilty of two counts of mistreating an animal after he apparently spray-painted two hawks unusual colors in an attempt to trick local bird watchers into thinking they had discovered a new species. An investigation by the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals revealed that the birds were not a new species but instead had been abused. A YouTube clip sent by Teahan’s nephew to the local media helped police identify the prankster. Teahan will be sentenced on Jan. .

    For a short time, Parijat Saha of Balurghat, India, was one of the world’s richest men despite only drawing a teacher’s salary of about  per year. Expecting to find about , Saha checked his savings account on Jan.  to find a balance of  billion rupees, or . billion. Perplexed, Saha says he then walked to a local ATM machine to double-check his balance, confirming a rather profound bank error in his favor. But rather than going on a shopping spree, Saha alerted the State Bank of India and reported the error.

  Now that Dutch teenager Laura Dekker has completed her circumnavigation of the world, she says she’ll not likely return to her home in the Netherlands. The Dutch girl completed her one-year, round-the-world voyage on Jan. —a year and a day after sailing west from St. Martin in the Caribbean on her -foot ketch. She returned to St. Martin after a ,-mile voyage that took her through the Panama Canal, through the Galapagos Islands, and around the Horn of Africa. The Dutch teenager, now , tried to organize a solo, round-the-world sailing voyage when she was , but Dutch child welfare officials prevented it, taking partial custody of the teen in . Freed from government custody in July , Dekker again began planning her circumnavigation with her father. Dekker recently on her blog suggested that she and her father will resettle in New Zealand: “The Dutch government was not kind to me.” Download WORLD’s iPad app today; details at WORLDmag.com/iPad

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Janie B. Cheaney

Mystic chords

The proposed Eisenhower memorial reflects a nation that has forgotten greatness

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online report, they make their case that the grant process was rigged to land a showy commission for celebrity architect Frank Ghery, whose whimsical structures celebrate “chaos.” Whether or not those charges are true, one might reasonably ask if Ghery intends to memorialize himself as much as the president, since concrete silos and twisted strips of metal don’t say “Eisenhower” to most people. On the west end of the National Mall is a classical structure that makes a different statement about a man of achievement. The Lincoln Memorial commission would never have considered portraying their subject as a barefoot boy from Kentucky. The -foot statue that dominates the building imposes the idea of greatness, even on a visitor who knows nothing about the man. That huge hunk of marble anchors Lincoln in public memory, his actual virtues and flaws adding up to much more than their sum. Like every great man, he grew to fit the demands of the hour. His memorial reflects not only what he did, but how highly we regard it. Frank Ghery may not be one of them, but there is a class of elites in our society for whom the very idea of “great man” or “war hero” calls for scare quotes. The proposed design of the Eisenhower memorial, intentionally or not, plays to the ironic view of history as endless revision. Will this boy become a hero? That’s up to each individual to decide. Our collective memory, which takes concrete form along both sides of the Mall, shouldn’t have much to say about it. In his first inaugural address, a reasoned plea to the Southern states to think hard about the consequences of separating from the union, Lincoln appealed to “the mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield and patriot grave”—the recollection of shared sacrifice and common goals that tied the country together. Memory binds us until we start forgetting, until we can’t even form a common image of what greatness is. Whether deliberate or careless, forgetfulness creates a hollow in our soul, as airy as a breeze blowing through steel mesh. A

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WOULD IKE LIKE?: A model for the Eisenhower memorial.

D D. E was privy to the greatest events of the th century. As commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force that liberated Europe, who then made a successful transition to politics, his achievements bring George Washington to mind. As a two-term president who held his party together and was almost as respected going out as coming in, he’s reminiscent of Ronald Reagan. He’s ubiquitous on the silver dollar and in the speeches and blogs of those who denounce the “military-industrial complex.” Such a man deserves a memorial, but probably not the one planned for him. The Eisenhower National Memorial was commissioned in , but the design was not unveiled until late last year, to a mixed reception. Early in January the controversy exploded when David Eisenhower, grandson of the president, resigned from the memorial committee and the Eisenhower family unanimously voiced their disapproval of the concept: a small grove of oak trees surrounded by huge concrete cylinders holding up “tapestries” of stainless steel mesh. According to the official site, these tapestries “will depict images of Eisenhower’s life, amplifying the setting and creating an ideal background for the memorial experience.” The “memorial experience” itself will center around one piece of statuary, a life-size figure of Eisenhower, not as leader of the free world or commander of the allies, but as a Kansas farm boy. The “Ike tyke” is supposedly inspired by Eisenhower’s speech during a visit to his home state after the war, in which he referred to himself as a “barefoot boy” and added: “[T]he proudest thing I can claim is that I am from Abilene.” He probably never imagined any commission would take that literally. Sockless lads of the past were told that they could grow up to be president; now presidents can aspire to be remembered as sockless lads. The Eisenhower family is perturbed, but the National Civic Art Society is incensed. In a four-page

Email: jcheaney@worldmag.com

1/23/12 10:42 AM


In high school I was basically a skater with an attitude but no direction. I really didn’t think it was possible to change, and I didn’t care. My dad sent me to Summit and everything changed. In life, most people don’t think it’s possible to do more, or be more. But with God, all things are possible. You can do more than you ever imagined.

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Ryan Dobson is a speaker, author and host of GroundedRadio.com and co-host of FamilyTalk with Dr. James Dobson.

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changing trajectories www.summit-world.com/ryan | 866.786.6483

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Reviews MOVIES & TV BOOKS Q&A MUSIC

Another mystery island TV: As with Lost, J.J. Abrams has the makings of a big hit with Alcatraz JUSTIN STEPHENS/FOX

BY MEGAN BASHAM

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T  that made Lost one of the hottest topics around watercoolers for six years is batting . since the iconic show went off the air in May . First, two of its executive producers scored the season’s highest-rated new drama with ABC’s Once Upon a Time. Now creator J.J. Abrams and several other Lost alums have delivered silver medal honors to FOX with Alcatraz, which is tied with Revenge as ’s second-most-watched new drama. In the first three episodes screened for this review, Alcatraz, airing Monday nights on

Email: mbasham@worldmag.com

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FOX, is much darker in tone than ABC’s fairytale-based show and much more procedural than either it or the other islandbased hit that preceded it. After her partner is killed in pursuit of a suspect, Detective Rebecca Madsen (Sarah Jones) is called out to investigate the murder of a retired FBI agent. Good news, she finds a fingerprint. Bad news, the print belongs to a former inmate of Alcatraz who, ON THE ROCK: according to police Jorge Garcia, Sarah records, has been dead Jones, and Sam for more than  years. Neill (left to right). FEBRUARY 11, 2012

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Reviews > Movies & TV

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MOVIE

The Artist BY MICHAEL LEASER I    -- IMAX D blockbusters, it takes serious guts to front  million for a silent black-andwhite melodrama. Yet the producers of The Artist have financed both a box office and an artistic success. A cinematic love letter to Hollywood’s silent era, The Artist depicts the fall of fictional silent film legend George Valentin (Jean Dujardin), who regards the “talkies” as a passing fad, and the concurrent rise of his protégé, Peppy Miller (Bérénice Bejo), a young woman Valentin bumps into on the street and helps turn into a star. Three major elements factor into the film’s success. First, the restrained, sometimes whimsical, yet deeply moving love story that develops between the two leads easily draws the viewer in. Valentin’s devotion to his wife (Penelope Ann Miller), who leaves him for selfish reasons, makes his character even more endearing. Second, the inherent nature of a silent film forces its director to pay more attention to the “show, don’t tell” maxim. Director Michel Hazanavicius does a brilliant job in staging and framing each scene in such a way as to minimize the need for intertitles. Lastly, a silent film, especially a love story, cannot work without actors who have the capacity to communicate their thoughts and feelings with a single look. Dujardin and Bejo both deliver award-worthy performances, with Dujardin recalling silent era stars Rudolph Valentino and Douglas Fairbanks and Bejo easily stepping into the spunky “America’s sweetheart” persona. The supporting American cast of John Goodman as a hardnosed studio head and James Cromwell as Valentin’s selfless chauffeur also emote effectively. Theatergoers may find the black bars on both sides of the screen somewhat annoying since Hazanavicius presents The Artist in the “fullscreen” .: aspect ratio that old silent films would have used. The film earns a PG- rating for a disturbing image and a crude gesture, and it also includes a single profanity on an intertitle. At times light and fluffy, other times touchingly sentimental, The Artist is a throwback in all the best ways to the earnest, unaffected love stories of classic Hollywood.

WORLD FEBRUARY 11, 2012

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1/26/12 4:57 PM

EXTREMELY LOUD & INCREDIBLY CLOSE: WARNER BROS. PICTURES • BROWNSTEIN & ARMISEN: CHRIS HORNBECKER/© IFC

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NAGRA: JAMES DITTIGER/FOX • THE ARTIST: THE WEINSTEIN COMPANY

Though federal agents quickly move in to take over her case, Rebecca refuses to let go. She tracks down the foremost expert on Alcatraz, comic book and history geek extraordinaire Dr. Diego Soto (Lost’s delightful Jorge Garcia), and enlists his help to unravel the mystery. They discover that not only is the owner of the print not dead, but he hasn’t aged a day. When they stumble on a secret FBI research center in the bowels of the Rock, agent Emerson Hauser (Sam Neill) and his partner, Lucy (Parminder Nagra), let them in on the real secret—more than  men disappeared from Alcatraz in , and a team of FBI agents has been watching and waiting for them to return ever since. Obviously, with a premise like this, somewhat violent and frightening images pop up, if not often, then at least enough to make it an inappropriate choice for the whole family. And, as is pretty much the case with every drama on network primetime, minor profanities sully the dialogue like seagulls sully the coastal landscape. But unlike many other cop-based shows, this one (at least for now) doesn’t seem interested in exploring the sex lives of its characters, and instead follows the thread of the mystery it sets out in its pilot. For viewers who found Lost and the many imitators it spawned too fantastical and self-referencing to get involved with, Alcatraz offers something of a lower-octane option. The basis of each episode is standard cop-show formula—Det. Madsen and her geeky sidekick track and capture an escaped convict before he can commit another crime. But the overarching storyline is filled with enough of the supernatural to hold the attention of those who prefer their cast threatened by the occasional smoke monster. Besides varying doses of magical realism and mystery, the one thing that links all the shows together is that none of the characters is involved in the story by accident. In Lost’s finale, this theme was writ large with the final meeting in the church, and in Once Upon a Time it is the very crux of the plot—when will everyone shake off the queen’s evil spell and figure out who they really are and what their true purpose is? Though the seeds are barely sprouting, the same theme is already evident in Alcatraz. It turns out that Rebecca’s stumbling into the FBI’s case wasn’t as inadvertent as she first believed. And events in Dr. Soto’s childhood may explain why he became so fixated on the prison and why it is so fortuitous he is suddenly available to help Rebecca in her work. This last may best explain the secret to the Lost team’s success with their new ventures. Whatever the setting and whoever the characters, they seem to understand innately that we all want to believe we’re part of a bigger plan. A


MOVIE

Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close BY MICHAEL LEASER

NAGRA: JAMES DITTIGER/FOX • THE ARTIST: THE WEINSTEIN COMPANY

EXTREMELY LOUD & INCREDIBLY CLOSE: WARNER BROS. PICTURES • BROWNSTEIN & ARMISEN: CHRIS HORNBECKER/© IFC

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F  of the / attacks proved to be as poignant and heartrending as the loss of parents to so many young children. Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close focuses on a boy’s loss of his father at the World Trade Center and his quest to find the lock that fits a mysterious key his father left behind. Despite an engaging premise, the film borders on the pedantic, but patient viewers will likely reap the benefits of their two-hour investment. Rated PG- for emotional thematic material, some disturbing images, and language, Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close offers up an effective Tom Hanks and a moving Sandra Bullock in limited roles. The story begins with -year-old Oskar Schell (Thomas Horn) adoring his father Thomas (Hanks), who encourages the development of Oskar’s brilliantly inquisitive mind and pushes him to overcome his severe social deficiencies. When his father dies, Oskar retreats into an emotional cocoon, virtually becoming a stranger to his own mother (Bullock), until one day when he discovers a key in a blue

vase in his father’s closet. The key is in a small envelope with the name Brown on it, and Oskar determines his father would have wanted him to find the lock that fits the key, so he systematically travels to the homes of all  New Yorkers with the last name “Brown.” Oskar’s quest should be endearing, but his social insensitivity, bordering on rudeness, makes him more annoying than not, and his obsession with numbers (exactly a -minute lunch break on quest days) moves from charmingly quirky to exasperating. The inaccessibility of Oskar’s character also hampers the film early on, but strong adult characters surrounding and encountering him lead Oskar and the story into emotionally satisfying and cathartic territory. Particularly helpful in this regard is the friendship Oskar develops with his grandmother’s enigmatic renter (Max van Sydow), an old man who never says a word and communicates with a small paper notebook. Van Sydow’s performance is tremendously affecting, and his decision to accompany Oskar on his quest adds a needed layer of emotional resonance to the narrative.

BOX OFFICE TOP 10     . - according to Box Office Mojo

CAUTIONS: Quantity of sexual (S), violent (V), and foul-language (L) content on a - scale, with  high, from kids-in-mind.com

S V L 1 ` 2 ` 3 ` 4 ` 5 ` 6 ` 7 ` 8 ` 9 ` 10 `

Underworld: Awakening R ........................... Red Tails PG-13 ......................... Contraband R .......................... Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close* PG-13.......  Beauty and the Beast D G .................................. Haywire R .................................. Joyful Noise* PG-13 ................ Mission Impossible: Ghost Protocol PG-13 ............ Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows PG-13 ................... The Iron Lady* PG-13 .............

                   

*Reviewed by WORLD

TV

Portlandia BY EMILY WHITTEN

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T - IFC  now has a big hit, Friday night’s Portlandia, starring Carrie Brownstein and Fred Armisen. Set in Portland, Ore., where “the dream of the ’s is alive,” the show has developed a cult following among many in their s and s, and dozens of its clips have gone viral on YouTube. The show sports flannel shirts, funky glasses, and a melancholy coffee shop vibe, but it’s mostly about weird people—including clowns on tricked-out tricycles and bikers in starspangled thongs—and bizarre moral codes. The show mocks everything from liberal sacred chickens (Google “portlandia chicken”) to recycling turned freecycling or dumpster-diving. Sadly, Portlandia sometimes treats reverently the idea of Portland as postmodern utopia. Beneath all the ribbing is a celebration of weirdness, including sexual perversity that occasionally reaches the level of The Rocky Horror Picture Show. YouTubing some of the clips provides an amusing introduction to parts of ultra-blue America that folks in red areas rarely see, but the show relishes destructive behavior too often to recommend regular watching.

See all our movie reviews at WORLDmag.com/movies

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Reviews > Books universities—“the number of academic journal articles on religion from an evolutionary perspective was also swelling.” And Wilson announces toward the end of this book, “the An outpouring of Darwin-based books applies Templeton Foundation evolutionist’s thinking to broader realms has blessed me a third BY MARVIN OLASKY time” with funds that will allow him to examine beliefs “like so many species in an ecosystem.” No revelation, just assimilative bargainI   on the treadmill Why stop at books and journal ing: Hebrews moved from polytheism while walking at four miles per articles: Wilson asks, “What would it be because of “the growing idea that El hour with no elevation. That’s the like for evolutionary theory to be and Yahweh were two names for the way intellectual fashions also reflected in the entire culture of a same God,” with “characteristics that tend to develop—at a brisk walking pace university?” He describes “the campushad earlier belonged to Baal (storm god, but not needing a gallop or heavy wide evolutionary studies program” he war god).” breathing to keep up. In the past three started at Binghamton University, where David Sloan Wilson’s The Neighboryears, though, the pitter-patter of he is a professor and had an “epiphany hood Project: Using Evolution to Improve Darwin-based books became a about using evolutionary science to My City, One Block at a Time (Little, heavy-booted march. The reason in part improve the quality of everyday life.” Brown, ) takes applied Darwinism was the Feb. , , celebration of the Those three books I’ve just mentioned up a notch. Wilson became interested th anniversary of Charles Darwin’s total over , pages, but here’s the in religion as “a natural outgrowth of birth (and the th anniversary of On good news: A playful but profound book my interest in the evolution of groups the Origin of Species). by a Virginia historian, Nickell John as adaptive units in all species.” It also This year’s outpouring includes not Romjue, dispatches them in  helped that “the Templeton Foundation only defenses of evolution by biologists beautifully written pages. I, Charles wanted to know what science had to and atheists, but applications of Darwin (Wheatmark, ) has Darwin say about forgiveness and was prepared Darwinian thinking to other realms. For returning to earth in , at the apex to pay for it.” With that incentive, example, Robert H. Frank’s The Darwin of his cult, and reeling as he realizes Wilson realized that he had studied Economy (Princeton, ) is a liberal that he got so much wrong. Instead of “beehives, so shouldn’t I be adding meditation on liberty and enterprise. seeing proofs of “the tree of life,” he religious groups to my list?” An associHe wants Darwin, not Adam Smith, to reads of the Cambrian Explosion, with ate had studied chimpanzees, so he also be seen as the intellectual founder of so many kinds of life all starting at the was prepared to study religion. Lo and economics, because business is a same time. The DNA revolution and the behold, “We were blessed by the tooth-and-claw struggle. He doesn’t complexity of cells startle him. Templeton Foundation.” like economic competition but he sees Worst of all is his study of the thLater, “the Templeton Foundation Darwinian struggles as inevitable and century killing fields that grew out of announced a new funding initiative wants to keep them, through heavy the purportedly scientific dethronement involving “Cultural Evolution of regulation and taxation, from of God. Romjue has Darwin weeping: “I Religions and God Concepts.” Books descending into cage fighting. am a founder, I am a destroyer.” A emerged, and—since money talks at Robert Bellah’s Religion in Human Evolution (Harvard University Press, ) also has thoughtful insights, but the whole is less than the sum of its parts because Darwinist presuppositions underline every chapter. Instead of seeing that humans at first had an intimate knowledge of God that deteriorated as evil grew until God washed them away in a flood—and then deteriorated again and again— Bellah posits religious evolution.

Darwin:

founder, destroyer

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DARWIN: AP

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Email: molasky@worldmag.com

1/23/12 11:12 AM

DOWNTON ABBEY: HANDOUT

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NOTABLE BOOKS Valentine’s Day books > reviewed by  

The Journal of Best Practices David Finch David Finch married his best friend from high school. After five years and two children, their marriage was floundering and their friendship a memory. That’s when Finch received an Asperger’s diagnosis and began trying to repair his broken marriage. The book is a hilarious and sweet account of how he went about it. Because many of the required actions did not come naturally to him, he took to writing them down on scraps of paper that became this journal. The table of contents suggests the challenges: “Use your words” or “Be present in moments with the kids.” He ends with a word to the miserably married: “I can now say with absolute certainty: There is hope. You can turn things around.” Warning: some obscenities. As Good as It Gets Stephen M. Clark The Song of Songs can seem strange. Does it even belong in the Bible? Pastor Stephen Clark confronts those misgivings directly in this excellent study. He begins as though we are at a performance of the Song. Its opening lines are startling, especially if we expect a religious production. He shows how the Song celebrates love and the delights of sexuality but also deals realistically with difficulties. Divided into  readings meant to be read over  days, the book takes a poem at a time—or sometimes over several days—and teases out the meaning of obscure words and metaphors. As Clark opens up its treasures, he also shows how its themes relate to the rest of Scripture. Bringing Sex into Focus: The Quest for Sexual Integrity

Caroline J. Simon What’s the connection between virginity and chastity? What’s the purpose of marital sex? In this thought-provoking book, philosopher and college teacher Caroline Simon seeks to bring clarity to our culture’s sexual confusion. She uses a helpful metaphor, optics, as a way to talk about six different lenses through which people view sex—covenantal, procreative, romantic, plain sex, power, and expressive. When lenses other than the covenantal one become primary, distortions result. The book, written with the non-philosopher in mind, will be particularly useful for young adults searching for a way to think through sexual issues and discern the perspectives that shape media and culture.

DARWIN: AP

DOWNTON ABBEY: HANDOUT

The Good Girl’s Guide to Great Sex

Sheila Wray Gregoire Simon’s book focuses on how to think about sex, but Gregoire’s answers questions about nuts and bolts. She also writes from a covenantal view: Sex is created by God for our good and His glory. She conveys a basic message that marriage is a lifelong endeavor, that husbands and wives have time to experiment, and that communication and trust facilitate good sex. Like a funny big sister, she takes on intimate topics in a frank and reassuring way. She writes for those who are engaged, for newlyweds, and for those who are sexually experienced and want to gain a biblical understanding. She cautions against laziness and also against the temptations that porn has made popular. Email: solasky@worldmag.com; see all our reviews at WORLDmag.com/books

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SPOTLIGHT Book Trends: Publishers are eager to capitalize on the popularity of Downton Abbey, the British drama now showing on PBS that dramatizes life in an aristocratic household during the s. The New York Times notes that publishers are promoting books written by butlers and lady’s maids, along with volumes about the British aristocracy, the Titanic, and World War I. The Telegraph (London) notes that McDonald’s in the UK is handing out Mudpuddle Farm books (plus a finger puppet) in its British Happy Meals. The fast-food giant plans to give out  million of the books during a four-week promotion. Last year, an average of . million children’s books sold in the UK per week. Graphic novels aren’t just about superheroes anymore. SmarterComics is turning popular business books like Think and Grow Rich and Sun Tzu’s The Art of War and Machiavelli’s The Prince into graphic books aimed at those who “want to succeed at life.”

FEBRUARY 11, 2012

WORLD

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1/23/12 11:29 AM


Reviews > Q&A

No passion for politics An influential author and commentator, WILLIAM BENNETT turned down chances to run for national office BY MARVIN OLASKY

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W B, , was secretary of education in the Reagan administration and later served as “drug czar.” He earned a Ph.D. in philosophy at The University of Texas at Austin, is now a national radio talk show host, and has written or edited  books, including The Book of Virtues and The Book of Man: Readings on the Path to Manhood (Thomas Nelson, ). Here are edited excerpts of a November interview. You’ve done a lot ... When you’re young you can work hard. When you’re old you can’t sleep, so you have no choice. Regarding sleep: For seven years you’ve been doing a - a.m. radio show—what time do you get up? About , :. If I fall asleep during my own remarks, don’t judge the merits of them on that fact. Any generalizations you can make on the mood of the country, or at least your callers, based on those seven years? Anxious, worried, depressed, very concerned about their future, more concerned about the future of their children and their grandchildren. The name of your show, “Morning in America,” refers to both the time of day and to President Reagan, who spoke optimistically about this country.

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Do you think it’s still morning in America? Don’t ever count this country out. I think the antibodies are kicking in. Look at the rise of the Tea Party and the  elections. We are seeing a call, sometimes in code, sometimes unclear, sometimes diffused, but a call for first principles. People have a sense that we need to go back to the roots. If we go back to the Founders, then I’m very encouraged. But we shall see. People in the s talked about you running for president. You never did. Why? Personal disqualifications, and I never had the passion for it. I was asked by Bob Dole if I would be his running mate. We were in California. He asked me to ride in the car with him back to the hotel. He said, “Who do you think I should have for vice president?” I said, “Jack Kemp.” He said “No, not that guy. That guy’s crazy.” [Kemp was the eventual choice.] I said, “Who are you thinking of?” He said, “How about you?” I said, “Me? Why me?” He said, “Academic, Eastern, Catholic, intellectual.” I said, “I’m so moved. It’s so personal.” A marriage proposal, you know? Category, category, category. … Fine, it’s politics. I thought about it. I just didn’t have the heart for it.

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“Don’t ever count this country out. I think the antibodies are kicking in. Look at the rise of the Tea Party and the  elections. We are seeing a call, sometimes in code, sometimes unclear, sometimes diffused, but a call for first principles.” Any interest four years later? George W. Bush said, “How about you?” I said, “No, I can’t do it.” He said, “Why?” I said, “Because I Virtues.” He said, wrote The Book of Virtues “That’s a great thing.” I said, “Not if you’ve lived as big and as fully as I have.” Fraternity life, gambling, hanging out, I didn’t get married until I was . There was a country music song called “Looking for Love in All the Wrong Places.” I was doing some of that. Nothing illegal, nothing felonious. You could get away with it if you haven’t written The Book Virtues. But it set a standard of Virtues that I never would have been able to meet. Putting virtue aside for the moment, would you have wanted to run? I was sitting once with Phil Gramm when he was running against Dole for the Republican nomination. I said, “How are you feeling about this race?” He said, “I have  receptions in the next  days and I can’t wait to get

to them.” Well, I would rather have my face sewn to the floor than go to  receptions in  days. Some guy who’s a big donor comes up to you and says, “Most people think +=. I think it equals . What do you think?” You gotta say, “That’s an interesting proposition.” You can’t say, “You’re an idiot.” So, I’m not made for this. My wife will tell you I get to a party and say, “Let’s go, let’s go, let’s go.” Talk radio is more fun? I love what I do. People ask, “Why’d you get a Ph.D. in philosophy?” Because I want to be a talk show host. I want to be on radio. I can’t wait to get up at : in the morning. It’s a little weird. Do you ever tell callers, “You’re an idiot”? They’re our guests. We actually listen to them. Jeremy Bentham said the way to put people at ease is to make them feel comfortable. The best way to make them feel comfortable is to appear as if you liked them. The best way to appear as if you liked

them is actually to like them. So we listen to what our callers have to say. We don’t yell. At least the donor will display his idiocy. What about politicians who dissemble? I once had the No.  best-selling book in the country, The Death of Outrage. It was a case against Bill Clinton. Carville had the No.  book, a defense of Clinton. I was on TV all the time. I would talk to these Democrats on TV. Then the lights would go off, we would go to the green room, and they would say, “You’re absolutely right.” For God’s sake, you’ve got to be able to say publicly what you believe privately. Many wouldn’t do it. Does today’s worship of self oppose virtue? I saw the glorification of the self-ethic on an Oprah show. This guy was a molester of children. The audience was pummeling him. He then recited the mantra of the time: “I am who I am. This is authentically me.” Very few people knew how to criticize that because the notion has been almost canonized. One of the worst speeches in literature is, “To thine own self be true.” Charles Manson said, “I was true to my feelings.” A

THE WAYS OF PROVIDENCE One passage in Bennett’s The Book of Man is a statement from President Calvin Coolidge after the death of his son, Calvin, in : “He was a boy of much promise, proficient in his studies, with a scholarly mind, who had just turned sixteen. He had a remarkable insight into things. The day I became President he had just started to work in a tobacco field. When one of his fellow laborers said to him, if my father was President I would not work in a tobacco field, Calvin replied, If my father were your father, you would. “We do not know what might have happened to him under other circumstances, but if I had not been President, he would not have raised a blister on his toe, which resulted in blood poisoning, playing lawn tennis in the South Grounds. In his suffering he was asking me to make him well. I could not. “When he went the power and the glory of the Presidency went with him. The ways of Providence are often beyond our understanding. It seemed to me that the world had need of the work that it was probable he would do. I do not know why such a price was exacted for occupying the White House.”

WILLIAM B. PLOWMAN/HOUGHTON MIFFLIN HARCOURT & HISTORY/AP

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Changing rap

Two-disc anthology traces an evolving genre BY ARSENIO ORTEZA

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reverse-racist “payback,” in other words—for the “ripping off” of the likes of Little Richard by the likes of Pat Boone  years earlier. Instead, Aerosmith and Tom Tom Club recordings were simply in the air. “Genius Rap” and “Walk This Way” were therefore practically inevitable in a culturally crossbreeding mass-media age. They were also good, clean fun. At stake in songs like Disco Four’s “Whip Rap” (), Word of Mouth Featuring DJ Cheese’s “King Kut” (), and Spyder D’s “I Can’t Wait (to Rock the Mike)” wasn’t whether anyone’s hip-hop identity or authenticity was validated or shown respect. What mattered was whether the combination of beats, samples, and playfully improvised verbal rhyming could draw a crowd and get people feeling good enough to dance. Music that draws a crowd, of course, also draws the attention of record companies intent on making a killing. And by the late

Run-D.M.C.

’s such companies and their willing accomplices in the hip-hop community were content to exploit society’s lowest common denominators. Gangsta rap, smut rap, blue-streak rap— Pandora’s Box had been opened. Giant Single proves that Profile Records kept the lid on longer than most of their competition. Not until Track  of Disc Two, DJ Quik’s “Born and Raised in Compton,” do the f-bombs, n-bombs, and s-bombs start to fly. And on  of the  total

Das Racist

RUN-D.M.C.: MICHAEL OCHS ARCHIVES/GETTY IMAGES • DAS RACIST: NAYELI RODRIGUEZ

“R,” the rapper KRS-One once said, “is something that’s being done. Hip-hop is something that is being lived.” No matter how one splits the rap/hip-hop atom, its fallout has dominated the black musical landscape for over  years. Sony’s new two-disc Giant Single: The Profile Records Rap Anthology puts it under a microscope. By including  of the  songs on ’s Diggin’ in the Crates, Vol. : Profile Rap Classics and extending it by  songs and a decade, Giant Single traces rap’s early-’s origins as an underground, Bronx-based party music to the beginnings of its late-’s descent into decadence. The story is interesting and, for the most part, entertaining, not least because it restores to rap’s narrative details that resist the oversimplification implicit in claiming it as a piece of “black history.” Disc One, for instance, begins with Dr. Jeckyll & Mr. Hyde’s “Genius Rap” (), Disc Two with Run-D.M.C.’s “Walk This Way” (). The latter was an Aerosmith cover that featured actual Aerosmith members, the former a rap duo set to the music of the Tom Tom Club. Like Aerosmith, the Tom Tom Club was white. There was no apparent political animus to such coattail riding—no

tracks no bombs, except the sonic kind, fly at all. The same, unfortunately, cannot be said of Das (pronounced “Dat’s” without the t) Racist, whose latest album, Relax (Red General Catalog), has established them as the hip-hop enigma currently most fashionable to try to unravel. Like the Beastie Boys, Himanshu Suri, Ashok Kondabolu, and Victor Vazquez are musically inventive, satirically inclined non-blacks whose love for hip-hop hasn’t totally short-circuited their awareness of its shortcomings as a lens for viewing the world. Thus, they’re as much the butt of their jokes as hip-hop itself is. Sometimes, though, their vulgarity makes it hard to tell whether they know just how sincere a form of flattery— even satirical flattery— imitation can be. “We’re not jokin’ just jokin’ / we are jokin’ just jokin’ / we’re not jokin’,” they rapped on their  album Sit Down, Man. And, unfortunately, whatever they meant by that then they still do. A

Email: aorteza@worldmag.com

1/24/12 2:40 PM

MARSALIS & CLAPTON: JASON KEMPIN/GETTY IMAGES • TAJ MAHAL: JASON KEMPIN/GETTY IMAGES

Reviews > Music


NOTABLE CDs

Five new or recent jazz CDs > reviewed by  

SPOTLIGHT

Altair & Vega Bob James, Keiko Matsui Bob James’ ability to play classical as well as jazz has been a matter of record since he released his elegant, electric-keyboard Rameau album in . Now, by teaming with the Japanese pianist Keiko Matsui to extend the centuries-old “four-hands piano tradition,” he proves adept at bringing together not only his two main musical obsessions but also Matsui’s Eastern sensibility and his Western one. And if the whole isn’t consistently greater than the sum of its parts, it’s subtly dazzling in its own right.

RUN-D.M.C.: MICHAEL OCHS ARCHIVES/GETTY IMAGES • DAS RACIST: NAYELI RODRIGUEZ

MARSALIS & CLAPTON: JASON KEMPIN/GETTY IMAGES • TAJ MAHAL: JASON KEMPIN/GETTY IMAGES

Songs of Mirth and Melancholy Branford Marsalis,

Joey Calderazzo Most of the “songs of mirth” come from the pianist Calderazzo and most of its “songs of melancholy” from the saxophonist Marsalis (and, in the case of the one-minute, -second “Die Trauernde,” Brahms). But Marsalis’ “Endymion” is also mirthful, if not as jauntily so as Calderazzo’s “One Way” or “Bri’s Dance.” And Calderazzo’s “Hope” is as melancholy as any of this album’s other songs—as if Calderazzo understands that only by not having what one wants or needs can he hope in the first place.

Modern Music Brad Mehldau, Kevin Hays The subtitle of this album for two jazz pianists, “Composed and Arranged by Patrick Zimmerli,” is not entirely accurate. Brad Mehldau composed “Unrequited,” Kevin Hays composed “Elegia,” Ornette Coleman composed “Lonely Woman,” and the minimalists Steve Reich and Philip Glass composed the excerpts from Music for  Musicians and String Quartet # respectively. That leaves four Zimmerli pieces, which both unify the others and establish a mood that’s no more jazz than it is “modern.” Postmodern is more like it. Post-postmodern more like it still. See all our reviews at WORLDmag.com/music

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Clapton

Can an instrumental album be simultaneously close enough for jazz and close enough for John Lennon, solo and with the Beatles? Apparently not—that is, unless the interplay of Frisell’s electric guitar, Greg Leisz’s steel guitar, and Jenny Scheinman’s violin counts as jazz. But, even if it does, drummer Kenny Wolleson’s timekeeping anchors the performances in traditional territory. Besides, unlike jazz musicians, Frisell, Leisz, and Scheinman tend just to play, rather than to play with, the melodies. And, because the melodies are Lennon’s, just playing them is enough.

Marsalis

All We Are Saying... Bill Frisell

Taj Mahal

Wynton Marsalis can be too formal; Eric Clapton can be too laid back. But on the vintage-blues showcase Play the Blues: Live from Jazz at Lincoln Center (Warner Bros.), it’s their strengths that come to the fore. And not only theirs. Taj Mahal—as close to common ground between Marsalis and Clapton as one man can be— shows up to pick, grin, and sing for the two lengthy, climactic songs at disc’s end (“Just a Closer Walk with Thee,” “Corrine, Corrina”), and members of the Jazz at Lincoln Center Orchestra (most crucially the bassist Carlos Enriquez and the drummer Ali Jackson Jr.) swing for the Dixieland fence. So while the two stars play and sing enough (and well enough) to earn top billing, their main purpose on the April  evenings during which these performances were taped seems to have been to cut loose and to blend in with the exuberant raucousness going on all around them. They succeeded.

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Mindy Belz

A weight of hopelessness

Street-level discontent in  may grow along with unchecked authoritarianism in Africa

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commerce as employees walked to work. The new campaign, dubbed “Walk to Work Reloaded,” promises expanded demonstrations over growing grievances: Inflation in Uganda had held at  percent to  percent in recent years until in  it soared to  percent. Lead economists and some public officials accuse Museveni of printing new bank notes without removing old ones from circulation. To cope, banks recently raised interest rates on commercial loans retroactively. Museveni, with zero tolerance for street dissent this time around, had police shut down the rally before it began. They fired tear gas on the crowd and chased protesters from Katwe Freedom Square as they gathered. Police arrested four members of parliament who helped organize the event, and held them for six hours without charges “as a preventive measure to avoid crime.” T M E isn’t the only region where average folks are seething from years of powerlessness, and extremists are ready to take advantage of it. Africa may be next. In  rising fuel prices, inflation, and tightened credit markets—a weight of hopelessness— are likely to join forces with a new awareness that the streets are where change happens. Look to recent weeks of violence in Nigeria—an explosive mix of Islamic jihadism layered upon strikes over fuel prices—that could turn another strategic region into a more hostile place. Yet the Obama administration persists in responding belatedly to growing upheaval rather than anticipating it. “America’s global adversaries aren’t waiting around graciously for our economic recovery,” points out former UN ambassador John Bolton (in a Wall Street Journal op-ed endorsing Mitt Romney). “Instead, they see Mr. Obama’s weaknesses and are vigorously exploiting them.” U.S. foreign aid to Uganda has increased by more than  percent—from  million to  million—since . And there’s no sign the Obama administration otherwise has addressed the growing authoritarianism and militarization of the Museveni regime. In fact, the United States last year sent  military advisers to Uganda to engage a regional conflict against the Lord’s Resistance Army. With both economic and political liberties at stake in growing parts of the world, that’s just another example of responding to a crisis while ignoring the roots of conflict. A

EDWARD ECHWALU/REUTERS/NEWSCOM

K, U—The spectacle of former Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak wheeled into a Cairo courtroom, prostrate and strapped to an oxygen tube, should be a warning sign to other heads of state who get used to a lifetime of being the boss. Sadly, it isn’t. Africa is plagued with “elected” heads of state who began as the people’s advocates, usually by overthrowing some other dictator, but somewhere along the line decided that the statehouse mansion is too nice a place to give up. Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni is one of the latest—a longtime U.S. ally who has been in power since . Like others in the -year-old’s position, six years ago Museveni wheedled members of parliament into eliminating presidential term limits from Uganda’s constitution. As we saw in places like Egypt and Tunisia, with no legal requirement to transfer power plus the steady accumulation of cronies who control the bureaucracy and the military, “election” victories come easily while corruption and poverty grow. Resentment, meanwhile, may ultimately empower the most militant extremists. In Egypt, the Muslim Brotherhood is consolidating parliamentary victories at all levels. A woman in Kampala who is taking classes while awaiting her discharge from the army explained the significance to me this way: The loss of term limits makes people lose hope because they know political change is beyond them, and the lack of accountability makes a head of state insecure because he knows opponents are looking for ways other than elections to topple him. A perfect illustration of that happened in Kampala on Jan. , when opposition lawmakers joined street activists to relaunch last year’s “Walk to Work” demonstrations. Piggybacking on Arab Spring tactics, Ugandans in  once a week refused transportation, an effective slowdown WALKING THE TALK: Policemen arrest a to capital city demonstrator in a “Walk to Work” protest business and near Kampala on Oct. , .

Email: mbelz@worldmag.com

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New York congregations that worship in public schools pay rent to the schools, meet during non-school hours, and in many ways help their communities, but they face a Feb.  deadline to get out and stay out by tiffany owens in new york city

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O   

STAN D AGAINST THE BAN: More than  protesters, led by New York City clergy, march in lower Manhattan on Jan. . TIFFANY OWENS

the streets outside I.S. , located near the northern tip of Manhattan, are mostly empty. Inside the school, where Heavenly Visions Christian Center meets on Sunday evenings, the congregation is singing as two praise dancers twirl on stage. What’s wrong with this picture? Nothing over the past  years, maybe everything starting on Feb. . That’s when a ban on religious organizations using otherwise empty schools on weekends will go into effect. Heavenly Visions has met in I.S.  for  years now, most recently paying the New York City Department of Education almost , per year for the privilege. Soon, unless others overrule the educrat edict, many churches will be homeless and many schools will be poorer. Heavenly Visions Pastor Salvador Sabino has been desperately calling other churches, trying to find a new location. So far he is finding either a lack of space or space that isn’t affordable. More than  other congregations are in the same fix. Sabino pastors one low-income congregation in the Bronx, another in Manhattan, and a third on Long Island. His Bronx congregation of about , may move back to a small building that can only hold about  people, and Sabino doesn’t know how he’ll preside over three or four services in the Bronx each Sunday, plus the services in Long Island and Manhattan. FEBRUARY 11, 2012

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GROUND ZERO: Bronx Household of Faith co-pastor Robert Hall in front of P.S.  in the Bronx; protestors in Manhattan (right).

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TIFFANY OWENS

All around town

Rabanal said that life left him feeling empty and depressed. When he was  the Latin Kings, a street gang, offered him the chance to become the th The locations of some of the Crown: That’s one of the most powerful churches that will be gangster positions in New York City. It affected by the ban on was a chance to have power and respect: “I was fooled into thinking this was the meeting in public schools. best life ever.” Then a friend invited him to church, including all-night vigils and Bronx a church retreat where Rabanal says he experienced God’s love for the first time. Rabanal never became the th Crown. Manhattan Instead, he’s in college, aiming for both a doctorate and a career as a professional chef. He spends time mentoring boys Queens and men off the street and evangelizing on weekends to drug dealers who he knows are dealing with depression and hopelessness like he did. If the church has to leave its neighborhood, he asks, “Who will offer these men hope?” Heavenly Visions also serves  poor individuals through its weekly food bank. Other churches also Staten Island serve up hope. In southern Manhattan, members of Trinity Grace Church have Brooklyn

MARY ALTAFFER/AP

The Bronx is where the battle between churches and secularists came to a legal head. For  years the Bronx Household of Faith and New York City officials fought over religious groups’ use of public space. In , a judge ruled that churches had a First Amendment right to meet inside public schools, but last year a federal appeals court ruled the ban legal. Six months later, the Supreme Court refused to hear an appeal, and the city issued the Feb.  move-out deadline. The court outcome looks to hurt both church and state. New York state Education Commissioner John King recently reported that some schools are in dire straits, facing insolvency. The Board of Regents says districts are in line to spend  billion but are receiving only  billion from local, state, and federal sources. Collateral damage is also likely: Eliminating the income from renting to religious organizations means fewer jobs for custodians and guards. The court outcome will also hurt regular Heavenly Visions attenders like -year-old Evelyn Gomez. She started coming six years ago after learning her -year-old son needed three open-heart surgeries: “I needed to talk to someone, I needed someone to pray with me, to help me spiritually.” Leaders at the church supported her. They’ve also helped former prostitutes and drug addicts, and Gomez recalls the church helping a woman who planned to commit suicide: The woman found hope and now serves at the church. Heavenly Visions will also be hampered in its role of cutting gang violence. Sabino, a former gang member, has effectively communicated with gang members and leaders, as has Oswaldo “Ozzy” Rabanal, one of the Heavenly Visions youth ministers. Rabanal at first grew up rich financially—“I was the kid walking down the street with a thousand dollars in my pocket”—but poor in love. Then his family lost everything and his parents divorced. He failed sixth grade and became a teenage drug user: “I would wake up late, leave school early, and spend the day drinking liquor, smoking, messing with girls—and then do it all over again the next day.”


TIFFANY OWENS

MARY ALTAFFER/AP

served at Bailey House, a home for homeless men, women, and children living with AIDS. The Village Church on Hudson Street provides free babysitting for parents every Friday night, so they can go on a date. City Councilman and Pastor Fernando Cabrera has been leading the charge to overturn the ban locally. He and others have hosted rallies, prayer marches, prayer meetings, and press conferences, trying to gain an audience with Mayor Michael Bloomberg. Protests in Manhattan and the Bronx have led to  arrests on charges such as disturbing the peace. New York Assemblyman Nelson Castro has introduced Bill A, which would allow “the use of school buildings and school sites for religious meetings and worship when not in use for school purposes or when such service or worship is deemed not disruptive of normal school operations.” Efforts are also underway on the Senate side. On Jan.  the New York state Senate Education Committee voted unanimously to bring Bill A to the Senate floor for a vote. The bill stipulates that religious meetings and worship can go on in school buildings and school sites. Some larger churches that own their buildings have remained aloof from the

protests. Redeemer Presbyterian, a large church that rents meeting space from Hunter College and churches, had daily prayer meetings when the pastors were arrested and, according to a statement, “is trying to support the pastors who were affected.” Sam Andreades, pastor of The Village Church, a Redeemer daughter church, said his congregation threw a celebration party when it heard of the ban. “I think it’s discrimination, but I think our response has to be different than the world’s response to this type of situation,” Andreades said. He said the ban gives churches a good opportunity to learn how to bear inconvenience for Christ— and he’s confident that his church will find a new spot. In the meantime, he’s concerned about how the move will affect the church’s community. Relationships with the local church and community have been good, he says, and the janitors and fire wardens aren’t happy about the loss of overtime. Besides, he asks, “Who will tune the school’s piano?” One irony about the ban is that advocates defend it as a protection against “impressionable youth” thinking that schools are advocating particular religions by allowing worship on their premises when students aren’t there. Outside an Upper West Side public school I met four th-graders— Sue, Michael, Tiffany, and Marcela—who spend their weekends, they say, gossiping, playing video games, and procrastinating on homework, trying to “escape school.” All four love art and have some thoughts about religion: One is excited about being a Unitarian and another isn’t sure she’s Catholic anymore. They’re used to debating religion at school. They were surprised that a church meets inside their school, but they didn’t see any problems. “This is a free country,” Sue said, and Michael agreed: “If it’s a benefit for the people and the environment, then why not?” A

The LA alternative As New York officials try to kick churches out of public schools, some California churches are enjoying good relationships with local school districts and schools. According to USA Today, the Los Angeles Unified School District has given  permits to religious groups to meet in their buildings. One young church in Los Angeles— WORLD agreed to withhold its name to protect its relationship with local government—has met in public schools since its inception six years ago. It now has thousands of attendees and would have to move out of the city to find a space large enough to satisfy its need. Church leaders don’t want to do that, since they feel called to reach people in an urban setting. Meanwhile, the school where the church meets is receiving thousands of extra dollars each month, plus volunteer labor: Church members scrape gum off desks, scrub graffiti off walls, and clean carpets. Church members chaperone football games. The church’s media production helped with the school’s graduation ceremony. Recently, church volunteers came to the school during the week to help man the front desk after budget cuts eliminated office positions. The church’s director of operations believes the relationship between the church and the school is mutually beneficial. He notes that production studios will often rent out LA schools to film movies, and “if movie studios can rent it, than a church should be able to rent it at the same price. A church is much more low-maintenance than a movie.” The director of operations does not see the church moving out of the school. The church wants to help “the place that so graciously allows us to meet there. ... We’re not just a tenant.” —Angela Lu

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rrr CAMPAIGN

2012 rrr

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Despite past infidelities and an establishment background, Newt Gingrich has pedaled his way to evangelical support—but Romney, Santorum, and Paul continue to press rrr      , .

the South Carolina primary, when CNN moderator John King asked about the former Speaker’s unfaithfulness to his second wife. Gingrich said, “To take an ex-wife and make it … a significant question in a presidential campaign is as close to despicable as anything I can imagine.” The crowd went wild. Gingrich is capitalizing on his debate successes by having Republican voters see him as President Barack Obama’s worst debate nightmare. He said that if he wins the nomination he will challenge Obama to seven three-hour Lincoln-Douglas style debates that would include a timekeeper but no moderator. “He can use a teleprompter if he wants to,” Gingrich told a Florida audience: “If you had to defend Obamacare, wouldn’t you want to use a teleprompter?” Right now only three fall presidential debates are on the schedule, as has been standard in recent elections: They are set for Oct. , , and  in Colorado, New York, and Florida. Gingrich’s big South Carolina win helped him to garner enthusiastic and large crowds at his recent Florida rallies. With Gingrich admitting his infidelity to his first and second wives, many evangelicals view him as part of a saga of redemption. Though he does deny his second wife’s contention that he asked for an “open marriage,” he admits he committed adultery with Callista Gingrich, the woman who became his third wife, and says it was a mistake. That works for many Florida voters, including Elle Stenberg, , who

recently sat on the hood of her Mercedes convertible trying to catch a glimpse of Gingrich during his appearance at the Tick Tock Restaurant in St. Petersburg. “I’m a preacher’s daughter, and I’m pretty tough on morality,” she said. “But people change. He’s asked for forgiveness, and God is going to judge that.” Stenberg also highlighted another reason behind Gingrich’s recent rise: She and others see Romney as the candidate of an “establishment” trying to push its preference down the throats of the rest. Gingrich’s “enemies are the elites of Washington and that’s good enough for me,” said Stenberg, who works for a medical malpractice insurance company. “He is going to crack some heads, and the elites in Washington know it.” Many perceive Gingrich that way despite his insider background in the House and as a lobbyist for the D.C. elite. Ken Connor, chairman of the conservative Center for a Just Society, said that because Gingrich has been out of office for so long, he is able to run an insurgent campaign that has attracted a large Tea Party following.

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   to attack Gingrich’s outsider image. His strategy was to aim his ire at Obama while appearing to remain above the GOP fray—but during the first Florida debate in Tampa, Romney, fresh off his loss in South Carolina, took the gloves ANOTHER COMEBACK: Gingrich speaking at Dolphin Aviation in Sarasota, Fla., on Jan. .

MATT ROURKE/AP

  I Advantage polls on Jan.  showed Mitt Romney retaking a comfortable lead in the Florida primary, but one statement seems undebatable: In the most volatile GOP presidential primary Tour D’America of modern times, no leader can rest comfortably. One remarkable development in a race looking more like a demolition derby than a championship event: The candidate favored by a plurality of evangelicals has multiple adulteries and divorces in his past, anger management issues in his present, a flame-out in his one leadership job, and dire warnings on record from almost every leader who has worked with him. Yet in South Carolina nearly  percent of selfidentified evangelicals voted for Newt Gingrich, and one early Florida poll had  percent of born-again Christians saying they supported Gingrich. One reason is that Romney has left some evangelicals concerned about his taxes and management record, and others about his Mormon faith. Meanwhile, Rick Santorum was working hard to turn his support from some high-profile evangelicals into higher name recognition within Florida’s big media markets, and Ron Paul’s ardent supporters were trying to fan his bright flame of libertarian support into a grassfire. But the main reason why Gingrich keeps making comebacks is his performance in what has become a marathon of Republican presidential debates:  and counting. His pugnacious style and penchant for pithy applause lines put him in front of national polls in early December, but he cratered before Christmas as more voters became aware of his record. Then he surged again by verbally punching arrogant reporters. Gingrich’s defining indignant answer may have come two days before

INSIDE O

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charleS Pertwee/bloomberG/Getty ImaGeS

NOT GIVING UP: Santorum at the First baptist church of okeechobee; romney speaks in tampa;  Paul, whose campaign is skipping Florida, at a campaign rally in columbia, S.c. (from top to bottom).

Santorum: Phelan m. ebenhack/aP • romney: emmanuel DunanD/aFP/Getty ImaGeS • Paul: Pablo martInez monSIvaIS/aP

off. He tagged Gingrich as “an influence peddler in Washington” who had to “resign in disgrace” as House speaker: “We can’t possibly retake the White House if the nominee is a person who was working with the chief lobbyist for Freddie Mac.” Romney was referring to Gingrich’s paid consulting gig for the government-backed organization that played a large role in the nation’s housing crisis, but Gingrich says he served as a Freddie Mac “historian,” not a lobbyist. Even if Romney’s tactic works, it is not clear that many evangelicals will come into his camp. In a move that could backfire, Romney has stuck to an economic message while largely ignoring social issues. Three days before the South Carolina primary—with Gingrich narrowing Romney’s lead—Romney skipped a pro-life presidential forum in the conservative stronghold of Greenville, S.C. Romney, who converted to a pro-life position in 2004, also didn’t respond to a voter guide questionnaire in Florida submitted by the conservative Florida Family Policy Council. Romney stuck to his economic message during a Jan. 24 event at a shuttered drywall plant in Tampa. Speaking behind a banner that read, “Obama isn’t working,” Romney said that “the president puts his faith in government. I put my faith in the people of America.” But Connor of the Center for a Just Society asks, “Can Romney be counted on to have core convictions on social issues? I don’t think Romney has closed the sale on that. He hasn’t really convinced evangelical voters that those views are not in large measure the product of political convenience.” Romney supporter Kelly Obrien, who says Romney is the “only candidate who can beat Obama,” blamed his South Carolina loss and poll dip on skittishness about releasing his tax returns: “That rubbed people the wrong way.” Romney did eventually release two years of returns on Jan. 24, showing an annual income of $21.7 million in 2010 and an effective tax rate of 13.9 percent. Romney’s economic focus clearly has its appeal in the midst of the nation’s employment woes. Tom Larson, 46 and the owner of a Florida landscaping business, said he supports Romney because he knows what “a


businessman can do when he sets his mind to it.” Ask Larson about Gingrich, and he shakes his head. “Newt strikes me as a more intelligent Joe Biden,” Larson added. “He knows the ins and outs, but every once in a while he makes a goof. That will hurt him in the national election.” The clear advantage Romney holds over the rest of the field is money. The pro-Romney faction was expected to invest about  million in Florida media, but a wealthy couple (see sidebar) has donated  million this year to a pro-Gingrich super PAC. This is the kind of money that Santorum, who told reporters after the Jan.  Tampa debate that his campaign recently raised , in one day, will have trouble matching. Santorum, though, argues that high volatility means the presidential primary race “will change a lot, and it is going to continue to be dynamic.” After a recent appearance at a Baptist church in Naples, Fla., he said, “Our campaign has a lot of legs, and we are going to go

on and fight this battle for weeks and months to come.” Santorum was not topping  percent in any of the Florida polls, despite endorsements from high-profile evangelicals like James Dobson, Tony Perkins, and Gary Bauer. One leading Florida social conservative, John Stemberger, has endorsed Santorum but says those top evangelical endorsements were “a strategic mistake” because they came too late to help in South Carolina. Stemberger, president of the Florida Family Policy Council, also said Gingrich has spoken about his moral failure during private meetings with pastors: “Many are willing to overlook it because we are in a desperate situation in this country.” Santorum saw success in Iowa because he spent a lot of time in the state in , but that approach cannot work as well in larger states like Florida, where numerous expensive media markets exist. “I like Santorum too, I’m just not as familiar with him,” said Christine Young, a practicing Anglican who calls herself strongly pro-life and

A billionaire casino mogul is helping Gingrich keep up with Romney r BY WARREN COLE SMITH

CHARLES PERTWEE/BLOOMBERG/GETTY IMAGES

SANTORUM: PHELAN M. EBENHACK/AP • ROMNEY: EMMANUEL DUNAND/AFP/GETTY IMAGES • PAUL: PABLO MARTINEZ MONSIVAIS/AP

NEWT’S MONEY MAN Last June, Newt Gingrich’s campaign was on life support. Even after its much publicized resurgence, he managed only th place finishes in Iowa and New Hampshire. So how did he beat Mitt Romney by a double-digit margin in South Carolina just two weeks later? With money from billionaire gambling tycoon Sheldon Adelson. Adelson had his first big score as co-owner of the computer super-conference COMDEX. When Adelson and his partners sold COMDEX in , his take exceeded  million. By then Adelson was heavily invested in the gambling industry. He owned casinos in Las Vegas and Macao, a former Portuguese colony—now part of China—and gambling mecca for the Far East. His holdings expanded to gambling resorts in the Philippines. He took his company public in . Forbes estimated his net worth in  at . billion, making him the th-richest man in the world. Adelson has supported Gingrich’s nonprofits for years, but in the past two

Email: lpitts@worldmag.com

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who came to a Jan.  Gingrich rally outside a Tampa church. Gingrich could be the winner if Santorum falters: In a poll of Santorum supporters,  percent said Gingrich was their second choice while  percent chose Romney. So far candidate after candidate during the - GOP Tour D’America has broken away from the Republican peleton, only to fall back to the pack. Regardless of who does the final, successful breakaway, most conservatives expect Republicans eventually to put aside the bickering and unite. Fran Perry, , left his sales job in Connecticut this year and moved down to Florida to volunteer for the Romney campaign. Calling this the most important election in his lifetime, Perry liked Romney’s combination of government and business experiences. “But I will support whoever gets the nomination,” he said. “The disaster in the White House can’t be allowed to happen for another four years.” A —with reporting by Jamie Dean in South Carolina

months alone, he and his wife Miriam gave at least  million to super-PACs associated with Gingrich. Nearly  million went to buy media in South Carolina alone. The gifts concern Richard Land, president of the Southern Baptist Ethics and Religious Liberty Commission, who says “gambling money is terribly corrosive.” He adds, “Normally, when you give  million, you expect something in return.” The Adelsons claim they simply like Gingrich’s policies, especially his support of Israel. The Adelsons have been longtime supporters of pro-Israel causes. Since , their family foundation has given  million to Birthright Israel, which funds trips to Israel for Jewish youth. But it’s also true, says Grove City College professor Warren Throckmorton, that Gingrich has been a long-time friend to gambling. Throckmorton says that when Gingrich was speaker of the House he “gutted” a House commission investigating the gambling industry by refusing to give it subpoena power. Gingrich also fought attempts by the IRS to tax as income the meals casinos provide their workers. Throckmorton says, “Gambling destroys families. So while none of this is illegal, it is ironic, to say the least, that Gingrich is courting evangelical and family values voters with money that comes directly from the gambling industry.”

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REMEMBERING BLACK HISTORY

African-Americans should not lose their past by marvin olasky     of both

blacks and whites, WORLD for at least the past  years has published articles connected with Black History Month. When we learned that left-leaning or poorly taught teachers were ignoring or disparaging Booker T. Washington, we ran a series about his contributions (Feb. , , , , ). But for many blacks and whites, African-American history begins with Martin Luther King Jr. and (with a bow to Malcolm X) reaches its climax in Barack Obama. That’s a shame. Due to nearly four decades of legal abortion, the U.S. African-American population numbers about  million; apart from abortion, it would have been about  million. Blacks are losing part of their future, and they should not lose much of their past as well. This section includes articles about two little-known heroes, Robert Russa Moton (Booker T. Washington’s successor at the Tuskegee Institute) and Quentin T. Smith, one of the World War II “Tuskegee pilots” who flew out of Moton Field. An action movie now in theaters, Red Tails, tells the story of that group of African-American flyers who were allowed to take to the sky only because generals were running short of whites ready and able to take to the skies in single combat. The Tuskegee airmen slapped red paint on the tails of their P-s and destroyed  German aircraft in the air and another  on the ground. On hundreds of missions they protected bombers from enemy fighter planes. Our lead story is about the prime protector of District of Columbia children from those who would subject them to the tyranny of low expectations that dominates inner-city public schools. Please go to the next page to read about Virginia Walden Ford, who as a teenager helped to integrate Central High in Little Rock, Ark., and over the past two decades developed and fought to maintain D.C. Opportunity Scholarships. Her perseverance has given , children in the nation’s capital this year an opportunity to capitalize on their God-given brainpower and determination.

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Miss Virginia

Meet the woman whose civil-rights journey stretched from Little Rock to Washington, D.C. by emily belz in washington 3 photograph by guy lyons/genesis    - D.C.  called her Grandma Virginia, and their parents gave her the respect of calling her Miss Virginia. For years Virginia Walden Ford, , had a refrigerator packed with food in case any of the kids came by her modest home—and when you met her, she’d find out anything you might need so she could check if she had it. No air conditioner at your house? Take this one. Walden Ford was first and foremost a mother, not just to her own three children but also to the children (and their parents) who received D.C. Opportunity Scholarships. Recently she moved away from Washington after  years and returned to her native Little Rock, Ark., where she cares for her -year-old mother and lives with her twin sister Harrietta Fowler. Walden Ford’s story of fighting against both racism and the intransigence of liberal politicians shows how the battle for black progress has changed over the decades. Let’s take the recent fight first. Although her own children are grown, Walden Ford has fought for federally funded scholarships for low-income children in D.C. for the last  years. The program took off in , then shut down in , but is now back in place with applications outpacing available scholarships, even though administrators only had a few months to get out word of the scholarships. This past fall  new students enrolled in the program after Congress reopened it, bringing the total enrollment from kindergarten to th grade to ,. For Walden Ford, it’s been a long, wearying fight against local African-American politicians, the first black president, and Democrats in Congress—a fight that perhaps only a single African-American mom like Walden Ford had the grit to handle. “The

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people we were fighting the most looked like us. That was tougher than anything,” Walden Ford recalled as she poured a glass of juice for a guest at her house. “Not having AfricanAmerican officials who supported this program was painful.” Now, the older battles: Walden Ford’s family experience taught her about persistence in overcoming obstacles. Her grandmother was born into slavery, but both of her parents found ways to obtain college educations, and college is where they met. Walden Ford’s father, William Harry Fowler, worked his way through school as a janitor, and eventually earned a master’s degree. In , when Walden Ford was , her dad gained appointment as the first African-American assistant superintendent of public schools in Arkansas. Her mother, Marion Virginia Fowler, was one of the first African-American teachers to teach at white elementary schools in the state. One night, soon after Walden Ford’s father started his job as assistant superintendent, the family awoke when a rock came crashing through a bedroom window, landing in the crib where Walden Ford’s baby sister Renee usually slept: The baby was in bed with her parents that night. The family, rushing to see who had thrown the rock, saw a burning cross in the front yard. “I remember being so afraid that something was going to happen to my father,” Walden Ford said. At that time she was one of  African-Americans who had recently integrated a -person class at Central High in Little Rock, Ark. School clubs shut down when black students tried to join. Black and white students had separate proms. “I don’t remember anything ever being happy in high school,” Walden Ford said. She begged her father day after day to let her go back to the black high school. It was in her neighborhood. Her black teachers were neighbors who knew her parents personally. She had excelled at the black schools. But her father insisted that she stay at Central: Heroes had fought and sometimes died for her to have the opportunity to attend. Walden Ford graduated, went on to get her college degree from Hampton University, and married a man with whom she had three children—but then, after a move to Washington, came divorce. As she worked two jobs at times to support the young family, one woman in her southeast D.C. neighborhood cared for the children of single moms for “next to not hing,” Walden Ford remembered. Another neighbor picked up the children from school: “Everybody just looked out for each ot her.” Her oldest son, Michael, got straight A’s and thrived, even though kids picked on him for wearing slacks and ties to school

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FIGHTING THE GOOD FIGHT:  a private school, William enrolled walden Ford with her  in Archbishop Carroll High granddaugher in washington. School, a Catholic school near his home. He quit skipping classes. He stayed out of fights. When Walden Ford asked him what had changed, as they were walking home from a parentteacher conference, he said he felt cared for—and safe. After two years, William transferred to a charter school and graduated as the valedictorian of his class. He attended community college for a year, then enlisted in the military and went to Iraq. Now, at 28, he works for a real estate company in Washington, but one of his childhood friends is in and out of jail, one is homeless, and another is a drug addict who can’t remember his own name—though he knew enough to knock on Walden Ford’s door before she moved to Arkansas. “It’s the saddest thing I ever saw in my life,” she said. “Those are the kids I fought for.” A Republican Congress passed the first D.C. scholarship program in 1998, but President Clinton vetoed it, igniting the wrath of D.C. parents. Walden Ford, energized by William’s experience receiving a scholarship, started the organization D.C. Parents for School Choice that year. She

Lee Love/Genesis Photos For worLd

every day. Her youngest son, William, struggled much more. When he was in middle school, an honor roll student in the neighborhood received an almost-fatal beating, with the kids who beat him yelling that he thought he was so smart he was going to go to college. Walden Ford saw a change in her son after that beating: “I think it scared him. … He decided that if he didn’t act real smart … that would somehow protect him.” William made bad friends and would run away for days at a time, with Walden Ford repeatedly filing missing person reports. He fell far behind in school and drug dealers courted him: “It was just a matter of time before I lost him.” When William was 13 and playing basketball with a friend and the friend’s older brother, a high-school senior about to graduate, the brother argued with another boy on the court. The boy went home, brought back a gun, and shot the older brother four times, killing him in front of William and his friend. “William never played basketball again. He ran track in high school,” Walden Ford said. “That’s why we take this so seriously. We’re losing kids. … We need to have them in environments that teach them something else.” When one of Walden Ford’s neighbors offered to pay for William to attend

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“I had wanted for years to repay a community that took care of me and mine.”

LEE LOVE/GENESIS PHOTOS FOR WORLD

became the parents’ voice in the debate: “I had wanted for years to repay a community that took care of me and mine.” Her organization launched television ads in the states of opposing Democrats, accusing them of blocking the progress of poor, AfricanAmerican children in Washington. Democrats argued that the program siphoned money away from public schools, but the D.C. program strategically included additional funding for both public and charter schools as long as vouchers were in place. In  Republicans tried again and passed the scholarship program by one vote. Democrats filibustered in the Senate, so Republicans rolled the program into the omnibus spending bill in . It passed, and President George W. Bush signed it into law. Happy ending? Not quite. In , the U.S. Department of Education, backed by President Barack Obama, announced it was closing the program to new students, despite a newly released study (by the Department of Education) that showed voucher students improving their reading skills in the first three years of the program. The study’s lead researcher, Patrick Wolf, said the program showed the “largest achievement” of any federal education experiment that has undergone similar studies. Congress promised the , students remaining in the program that they could continue receiving scholarships until they graduated, but they would be the last voucher recipients. Parents doubted the Democratic Congress would continue funding the program for another  years, until the last student graduated, and city leaders steadfastly refused to use local funds to continue the program. “Politically, it’s a dead issue,” Rep. Buck McKeon, then the ranking Republican on the House Education and Labor Committee, told me at the time. “I’m a realist.”

D.C. parents disagreed with such realism. The program was massively popular among them, and polls consistently showed a strong majority of D.C. residents supporting the program—and not just because of the academic opportunity. District parents worry about their children’s physical safety: In ,  percent of D.C. public high-school students said they had been threatened or injured by a weapon at school in the previous school year, according to the Department of Education. Virginia Walden Ford was not alone in refusing to give up. Six years ago Joe Kelley applied for D.C. vouchers for all four of his school-age children—and they all received them. He contrasts the quiet atmosphere of the private school his children attend with the crime and fights of public schools. He asked lawmakers he met if they had visited any of the schools to see how the voucher program was working: None of them had. When some members of Congress tried to revive the program in , Latasha Bennett, the single African-American mom of a voucher student, testified before congressional committees and “felt the empowerment inside of me as if it was the civil-rights movement. … Had we not spoke up, this thing would have been washed under the bridge like a lot of things.” But the effort seemed in vain: Only two Senate Democrats voted for the program, and the bill failed. Then voters in November  gave Republicans a House majority. New Speaker John Boehner insisted on the program’s revival in the final spending deal that he worked out with Obama last spring. “God gave us a miracle,” Walden Ford said several months later, as she sat at a table stacked with framed pictures of kids who received vouchers. A picture of Boehner and some of the voucher families is the background on her laptop’s screen, and tears come to her eyes as she thinks of her parents’ struggle years ago, and hers: “I don’t think I had enough respect for what my parents went through, until I went through this.” Now Walden Ford is in Arkansas, after giving away much of her furniture to Washington voucher families, but the kids who call her “Grandma,” and their parents, have not forgotten her: Kelley plans to drive his kids down to visit Grandma Virginia in Arkansas next summer. Nor has Walden Ford forgotten what she learned: Her new goal is to bring vouchers to the Arkansas education system. A

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Climbing out of the cradle Kay Coles James is rebuilding the home and the legacy of Robert Russa Moton by les sillars in gloucester, va. hose who remember Holly Knoll, a home-become-conferencecenter on the banks of the York River, call it the “cradle of the civil-rights movement.” In mid-century many of the country’s most prominent black activists and intellectuals gathered at the three-story Georgian manor, built in 1935 across the York River from Williamsburg, to strategize and plan. Activists conceived The United Negro College Fund in the dining room in the early 1940s. Lawyers for Brown of the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education met there to discuss legal tactics. The “Greensboro Four” planned their 1960 lunch-counter sit-in on the premises. Martin Luther King Jr., legend has it, wrote part of his 1963 “I have a dream” speech under the huge oak tree out front. But by the 1980s Holly Knoll had fallen into disrepair and obscurity. Kay Coles James remembers playing with dolls in the stylish bedrooms as a child when her well-to-do aunt brought her along on family trips. In 2006, after a 30-year career in public policy that included posts under Ronald Reagan and both presidents Bush, along with work at the Family Research Council and in the private sector, she returned to Holly Knoll on a whim. As she gazed in dismay at the weed-covered tennis court and dilapidated manor, she had a “Gone with the Wind moment”: “I said, ‘As God is my witness, I’m going to figure out how to fix this.’” So James founded the Richmond-based Gloucester Institute to restore the manor and grounds (both still works in progress), and more importantly, to set up a place where, as she puts it, conservative and Christian “values and principles are welcomed at the table.” Discussion in the black community is dominated by liberal and Democratic perspectives, James said, and the Institute offers a “level playing field” for ideas, especially for the 25 or so young black college students in its annual year-long Emerging Leaders program. “In my opening statement,” she said, “I tell the students, I don’t care if you’re liberal or conservative, Republican or Democrat, the one thing we don’t do here is stupid.” To understand the Gloucester Institute you have to know the man who built Holly Knoll: Robert Russa Moton. Largely forgotten today, Moton was a nationally known black educator and author who would have supported the aims but questioned the approach of the civil-rights activists who frequented his RESTORING MOTON’S LEGACY: retirement home after his death in 1940. James on the grounds of Holly Knoll.

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“LEVEL PLAYING FIELD”: trust that political rights would James next to a portrait follow. Over the next few decades a of Moton at the slowly growing black middle class Gloucester Institute. showed that economic gains were possible, despite pervasive racism. But many black elites, led by the Harvard-educated W.E.B. Du Bois, would later dub Washington’s speech the “Atlanta Compromise.” Blacks must demand political and social equality in the courts, legislatures, and streets, they argued, and anything less was unacceptable, even cowardly. In  Washington died and Moton took up his mantle as the second principal of Tuskegee. His impressive list of achievements included work with Sears and Roebuck chairman Julius Rosenwald to set up hundreds of “Rosenwald schools” for black students across the country. By all accounts Moton was a Christian of rare grace and charity, but over time segregation clearly taxed his patience even as the Du Bois strategy gained ground in the black community. In , for example, Moton addressed a crowd of , at the dedication of the Lincoln Memorial. On behalf of the black community, he concluded, “With malice toward none, with charity for all, we dedicate ourselves and our posterity, with you and yours, to finish the work which he began, to make America an example for all the world of equal justice, equal opportunity for all.” Moton, who would advise five American presidents over his career, then returned to his seat in the roped-off “colored” section. Moton’s  autobiography emphasized the good will of many whites, but his  book, What the Negro Thinks, detailed how it feels to pay first-class fares for third-class railway seats, how much less states spent educating black children than white, how lynching terrorized and outraged

PETER CIHELKA/THE FREE LANCE-STAR/AP

Moton was born to an ex-slave couple working on a plantation near Farmville, Va., in , just after the Civil War. His autobiography, Finding a Way Out, relates how by firelight his mother taught her children to read in secret until the plantation owner’s wife discovered them—and then had her own daughter give lessons to Moton every afternoon. Moton graduated from the Hampton Institute, a prominent vocational school for blacks founded by a white man, Samuel C. Armstrong, in . He stayed on to teach and soon rose to “Commandant,” in charge of student discipline. He also befriended another prominent Hampton graduate, Booker T. Washington, who had founded the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama in . Moton traveled the country with Armstrong, raising funds for Hampton and speaking on “the coloured problem.” Moton and Washington both taught that through education and a determined effort to “better” themselves, blacks could eventually earn equal treatment and prosperity in American society. Blacks and whites could live in cordial segregation, “as separate as the fingers, yet one as the hand in all things essential to mutual progress,” Washington said in his  speech at the Atlanta Exposition, which first brought him national attention. By  Washington was the undisputed leader of black America, but the game was changing, explains Patrick Henry College history professor Robert Spinney. Right after the Civil War some whites were prepared to accept and even help blacks recover from slavery. But in the s the Populist Movement started to court the black vote, and alarmed white Southerners turned to legal segregation in a backlash. The black community had two basic responses to Jim Crow laws, Spinney said. At first most held to Washington’s original strategy, to go for economic advancement first and

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COURTESY OF POST-TRIBUNE

“I tell the students, I don’t care if you’re liberal or conservative, Republican or Democrat, the one thing we don’t do here is stupid.”


COURTESY OF POST-TRIBUNE

PETER CIHELKA/THE FREE LANCE-STAR/AP

black communities, and how the grinding humiliation of segregation killed ambition. In his later years Moton abandoned the “Party of Lincoln” and became a Democrat, despite that party’s ties to racism. He wasn’t alone. By about , according to professor Spinney, Du Bois had won; Democrats and the NAACP largely spoke for the black community. Moton remained at Tuskegee until his retirement in , when he built Holly Knoll and began inviting in prominent black activists for discussions— a tradition that eventually contributed to the courageous and confrontational tactics of civilrights activists throughout the s and s. Would the black community have been better off today had it stuck with Washington’s vision? Maybe. Conservative black economist Thomas Sowell in his  book, Ethnic America, showed how outsider groups that focused first on economic development (Chinese and Jews, for example) assimilated much more quickly into American society, gaining both wealth and standing, than the Irish and black communities, which tended to focus on politics. The key, Sowell wrote, was “human capital.” In America, groups can rise to affluence and acceptance when their cultures stress the values and behavior that lead to economic success. And “capital” involves not just values or economic skills, but the “whole spectrum of experience, contacts, personal and institutional savvy, confidence, and ease.” That is the sort of “capital” the Gloucester Institute offers to build into black college students. Carlyn Crawley is a  graduate of the Emerging Leaders program and Hampton University. She now works for the prestigious Washington consulting firm Booz Allen. The Institute, she said, “was instrumental in helping me transition to a more formal corporate environment.” Monthly sessions cover topics including appearance, etiquette, writing skills, and “personal branding.” Students sharpen critical thinking in debates over issues such as school achievement gaps, and meet with black leaders such as Condoleezza Rice, former U.S. Education Secretary Rod Paige, and Democratic Congressman Bobby Scott. Crawley used to be “adamant” about Du Bois, she said, but the Institute helped her understand Moton’s legacy: “I have a lot to live up to.” It also helped her see how many of her peers give in to hopelessness or excuses. “Legally, you can make it,” she said. “It’s there for you to take.” But young black adults need support and contact with role models. Learning how to succeed, she said, “is not intuitive for everyone.” “I really do believe that Moton was right and that the solutions to our problems [in the black community] today lie outside of government,” James said. Many students come in with a strong sense of entitlement fostered by the misguided “compassion” of white society. Now, she said, “I’ve got to get them ready for the real world.” A

Taking a stand

Quentin Smith and 100 other African-American officers in 1945 refused an unjust order and got the attention of a president by joel hannahs in gary, ind.

    in Quentin P. Smith’s life was the day the young Tuskegee airman defied a direct order and helped to integrate the U.S. military. Now , he has had a close-up view of U.S. history from desegregation to the Barack Obama presidency. During World War II, Smith was stationed stateside as a pilot, flying out of Moton Field from the base near Tuskegee, Ala. Then, in early , at a small base in Seymour, Ind., he took a stand against segregation along with other African-American officers. The incident is known by the name of their airstrip, Freeman Field. Smith—then a first lieutenant—tells his story: The officers were banned after  p.m. daily from the officer’s club, which the townspeople also used during the evening hours. The insulting directive kept young, energetic officers away from their primary sources of entertainment: the bar, the pool, and the tennis courts. Rather than accepting it, the officers determined to challenge it, sending different small groups of officers each time to walk up and force the officer in charge to turn them away over and over. This soon brought them into a confrontation with the commanding officer. Eventually, a superior officer called them in one by one to have them sign a statement that they had read and understood the base’s regulation. When Smith’s turn came, he declined to sign. Told that it could be specified that signing was not agreement, he declined again. Then

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Indiana kids a good education, serving as a principal at elementary, middle, and high schools. He particularly enjoyed starting in 1958 Banneker Elementary, still reserved for academically achieving students: “I got a chance to build one from the bottom up, books, teachers, everything.” Smith also participated in Gary’s local politics, serving as president of the common council and Gary International Airport, despite being a rare Republican in Democratdominated Gary. He remains in the GOP but found President Barack Obama’s rise inspiring: “I never thought I’d see it in my lifetime.” In retirement, Smith has been involved in a Youth in Aviation program with the Chicago chapter of Tuskegee Airmen. Every Saturday, 30-40 kids arrive for a day of simulators and videos about all things aerial, then get a ride in one of the chapter’s three airplanes: “We’ve been doing it for 35 years.” Smith’s house in Gary is cluttered with the books he loves to accumulate, from politics and history to cooking, still his hobby. Now he’s looking forward to seeing the new movie about the Tuskegee airmen, Red Tails. A

STILL STANDING:  Smith in his home  in Gary, ind.

Stephanie Dowell/Sun-timeS meDia

came a direct order to sign, along with a reminder of the consequences of refusing a direct order under Article 64— severe in penalty and technically punishable by death. “He sucked the wind out of me,” Smith recalls. “All I could do was shake my head.” The officer repeated the command, and Smith managed to squeak out a smothered, high-pitched “no.” Confined in his quarters, he expected to be shipped to Fort Leavenworth for a long imprisonment. Instead, he was released. He later found out that he was one of 101 officers who took the same stand one by one. More than 400 officers yielded to the order, pooled their money, and contacted the NAACP. Thurgood Marshall, a lawyer and eventual Supreme Court justice, went to work on the case. Marshall’s influence— or perhaps the sheer impracticality of locking up 101 officers of the U.S. Army Air Corps—got political attention in Washington, D.C., and President Harry Truman ordered the officers to be released. Smith never made it to the fighting, and he left the military after World War II ended. Six decades later, in 2007, he and other Tuskegee airmen received the Congressional Gold Medal. During those decades he fought battles to give

WORLD  February 11, 2012

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Paul Glader

Getting by in Greece

How the european economic crisis affects one middle-class Greek family

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and is considering a move to Australia, Holland, or the United States. His brother, Thomas, 32, is finishing his Ph.D. in international relations at Panteion University in Athens and looking abroad for teaching opportunities because of budget constraints at Greek universities. Walking around downtown Athens he said, “For my area of study the possibilities are not very good.” The youngest brother, Orestes, 27, is a composer and French horn player already studying in the Netherlands. When he was younger, during his mandatory military service, he was a ceremonial guard in front of main government buildings where protestors now gather and battle with riot police. Their mother, Nitsa, 57, normally would encourage her sons to stay in Greece for work and to be near

family, but she now encourages them to move if they need to. “As the mother, I feel so much pressure from the crisis,” she said, her smile disappearing as she talks about the disruption to her family’s way of life and the new austerity measures they are living by. Members of the Goumenos family, like most Greeks, identify as Christians and attend the Orthodox church on holidays and out of tradition, but feel increasingly disconnected from the institutions of both church and state. The parents have voted social democratic and the sons look to green contingents or smaller parties of the left. They are still coming to grips with the reality that the government’s decades-old socialistic structure and overly generous policies have not worked. A

IN THE GREEK SYSTEM:  Thomas, Lambros, and Kostas  Goumenos (left to right).

paul glader

Sitting at a café with the Acropolis and Parthenon looming in the background, Lambros Goumenos sums up the situation of modern Greece. “For 20 years, we were living beyond our means, spending more than people could afford,” said Lambros, 60, a retired teacher of Greek language and history. Able to retire after 35 years of teaching, he now tutors high-school seniors for exams and is self-studying English: “Now we are trying to adapt our spending habits and our way of thinking.” Lambros is in a professional Catch 22. In the past, teachers had to retire at age 60 or after 35 years of service, whichever came first, to make room for younger workers. With the crisis underway, working till age 65 will become mandatory in Greece. But already retired people in Greece are discouraged from taking other jobs away from younger, unemployed people. If they do work after retirement, they have to give up part of their pension. With his pension and his wife’s teaching salary trimmed 25 percent, the Goumenos family of five adults has had to make adjustments. They share two cars (a Volkswagen Passat and a Kia Shuma) and recently took a Fiat Brava off insurance and car tax. They take public transit more often and find out who within the family “needs” the car. They eat out less often (once a month instead of once a week at traditional, low-cost tavernas). They take fewer vacations, opting to travel inside Greece to see family. They stay with relatives when visiting the islands because they don’t own a second home like some Greeks do. Two of the three sons are, in their 30s, living at their parents’ three-bedroom, 1,200-square-foot, third-floor apartment home in a middle-class Greek neighborhood, unable to rent their own flats right now as they would like to do. Kostas Goumenos, 30, recently lost his job as an architect. He earned 900 euros per month after taxes, equivalent to about $1,200. With a studious and polite demeanor, dark hair, and Clark Kent glasses, Kostas has been applying for jobs, working freelance projects, and marketing himself through his own website—but he doesn’t see a way out of unemployment in Athens

WORLD  February 11, 2012

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more unmerited mercy Battling against ideologies that mistranslate the BiBle, kill neighBorhoods, and hurt students. not so often Battling against my own pride by Marvin Olasky • illustration by krieg Barrie

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en articles published in a WORLD series that concluded on Feb. 13, 2010, portrayed my movement from atheism (1968) to Communism (1972) to Christ (1976), and showed how God over the next two decades moved me into university teaching, WORLD editing, and welfare reform (worldmag.com/olaskyseries). I kept writing those articles because subscribers kept asking what came next in my stumbling progress. During the past two years many have asked for a sequel. This seems a good time to write it, because 2012 is the 15th anniversary of a crisis that could have sunk WORLD but ended up strengthening commitment to the Bible—and the Bible is under attack once again, in different ways. The crisis began in 1997 when a pastor called and said the translation committee responsible for the New International Version (NIV) was considering major revisions. He was right: The Committee on Bible Translation (CBT) was quietly changing the NIV, at that time by far the best-selling English language Bible translation, one turned to and trusted by at least half of American evangelicals. When we delved, it became clear that feminist cultural trends, which had blown through liberal churches in the 1960s and ’70s, were digging at the foundations of evangelical ones. The goal of the new translation, according to the NIV’s British publisher, was “to mute the

patriarchalism of the culture of the biblical writers through gender-inclusive language.” That was startling: My wife Susan and I had always thought that the goal of translators was to make clear the meaning of the original, not mute it. Susan wrote a cover story that reported the CBT’s wholesale revision not as a matter for publishers and clergy only but as something in which pew-sitters had a stake. Since Zondervan and the International Bible Society (IBS), the American publishers, were planning to market the retranslation without announcing the changes, we called the new version a “stealth Bible.” The story provoked an immediate reaction. Both Zondervan and the International Bible Society rejected the article’s suggestion that ideology was the driving force behind the translation. Their public-relations staffs also protested the highprofile way WORLD chose to report it. They said we were not only behind the times but divisive. They quoted the code of ethics of the Evangelical Press Association, which insisted that members—WORLD was one—not do or say anything that could hurt the brands of other members. We pushed on, producing more articles in subsequent months. It was exciting. Not only was our upstart publication taking on behemoths, but the evangelical world had risen up and declared, “Don’t mess with our Bible.” The heat of battle, weekly deadlines, and my old tendencies toward intellectual pride made for a potent brew.

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When theologians not tied to the CBT got their hands on the retranslation and analyzed it, they noted that thousands of verses were at stake. They found striking changes of meaning. For example, the new translation shifted Psalm 1’s teaching about the godly individual sometimes standing alone—“Blessed is the man who does not walk in the counsel of the wicked …”—to a collective: “Blessed are those who do not walk. ...” Plus, many pastors have pointed out that only one person fully delighted in the law of the Lord and never sinned: Christ Himself. The change to “those” eliminated that reminder. It seemed to me that since God’s inspired writers praised individual courage and pointed us to Christ, translators should not misdirect us.

W

hile all this was going on, a battle closer to home was also teaching me about ideology undermining something good. My family and I lived in a lower-middle-class neighborhood a dozen minutes from downtown Austin, Texas. Our University Hills neighbors—black, Hispanic, and white—said hello to each ot her. Our children hiked along a tiny creek that adjoined our backyard and emptied into a larger creek where they could wade and look for fossils. University Hills was also one of those East Austin neighborhoods holding on by its fingernails as increasing crime and drug use threatened to drag it down into poverty and fear. In 1997 one neighbor, Alma Jean Ward, a 58-year-old deaf woman, walked out of a convenience store close to us. She could not hear the shouting between two rival gangs that preceded shooting. She walked into the crossfire and died. At a quickly called neighborhood association meeting, residents asked, “How many tragedies will we have to endure before someone gets serious?” They said, “We need more police protection. We get ignored.” Think of a Frank Capra movie or a Norman Rockwell painting, yet with faces of varied hues, and you can imagine how good it was, in times of racial bitterness, to see diversity becoming unity. The sad part of this scene is that citizen involvement produced little response from the Austin city council. One of my neighbors said, “The environmentalist side of town doesn’t care about our environment.” That was the truth. Affluent environmentalists who dominated Austin politics spent more time discussing a development that threatened a species of cave spiders west of the city. Protecting people or cave spiders? I wrote biweekly columns for the Austin daily newspaper at that time and didn’t win friends by critiquing an ideology that preferred eight legs to two. “You’re an idiot,” one citizen responded, and others sent stronger messages.

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Jana birchum

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made no progress in that local debate, but in the Bible battle pastors and theologians like Wayne Grudem, John Piper, R.C. Sproul, and Al Mohler supported WORLD’s position and pointed out CBT mistranslations. Jerry Falwell ordered 50,000 reprints of our article. Meanwhile, IBS felt the heat from supporters who had contributed over the years to get the Bible into the hands of

more people, and not to have more hands transforming its meaning. Under enormous pressure, the IBS board announced it would preserve the traditional NIV and discontinue all plans to put out a new, gender-neutral version. IBS and Zondervan executives even agreed to a statement declaring “many of the translating decisions” made by the re-translators to be “not wise choices.” But they could not regain the trust they had lost. Other groups developed or pushed ahead with plans for new translations: Southern Baptists created the Holman Christian Standard Bible. Crossway Books would soon bring out the English Standard Version. Neither of those tried to mute biblical concepts. Both cut into the NIV’s “market share.” Zondervan and IBS in 2002 would come out with Today’s NIV, the same ideological translation they had shelved in 1997. Last year they dumped the traditional NIV and came out with a translation that incorporated some anti-patriarchalism but dropped the worst mistranslations. But by then, few cared all that much. The NIV was no longer standard, and new translations provided good options. It was good to defend the Bible’s integrity 15 years ago, but it was dangerous to WORLD. The Evangelical Press Association (EPA) created a committee to review an ethics complaint against us. The key charge was this: “WORLD seems to be unconscious of its duty to protect the good names and reputations of Zondervan Publishing House,

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Could it be that the temptation to moCk … arose when i forgot the basiC gospel message: god saves sinners, of whom i am the worst? International Bible Society, and Committee on Bible Translation.” Would WORLD survive? We had lost book advertising, as expected. We had unexpectedly gained some readers. But now some EPA members wanted to ruin our reputation. We awaited the outcome, noting that “The members of the ethics committee have before them a historic decision: they have the power to promote independent Christian journalism or to stifle it.”

M

Jana birchum

eanwhile, I was still a professor at The University of Texas at Austin. None of my colleagues wanted to teach the 500student introductory course for journalism majors, Critical Thinking for Journalists, so I seized the opportunity. “Critical thinking” on college campuses is often a euphemism for Marxist thinking, but here was an opportunity to examine overreaches on the right and the left. Students would see how press coverage of the pro-life and Intelligent Design movements was biased. They could become journalists with a much wider lens than many of their peers. The course readings I chose introduced them to Noam Chomsky and others on the left but also to Thomas Sowell’s new book The Vision of the Anointed, which criticized secular liberalism. Sowell wrote of reporters lying for supposed social justice, turning homeless folks from central casting into mascots, and never wasting a crisis that could be used to grow government. The course quickly became controversial. Some students complained that they were hearing from me ideas that directly contradicted what they had learned from other UT professors. That was exactly the point. Some of my faculty colleagues were exceptionally weird: One refused to state whether s/he was a he or a she: S/he announced that on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays s/he was “male,” and on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays “female.” But I didn’t try to get to know this human being: Maybe on Sunday I acted as a Christian, and on Monday through Friday I was a condemner. Could it be that the temptation to mock the weirdness arose when I forgot the basic gospel message: God saves sinners, of whom I am the worst? Many professors believed what I had believed before Christ grabbed me. One whose office was a few doors down from mine put up hard-core socialist posters and sign-up sheets. I didn’t talk with her. Instead, I put up a Ronald Reagan poster showing in one column forecasts by academic experts that the Soviet Union would grow stronger, and in the other Reagan’s prediction that the evil empire soon would crumble.

My poster told the truth and hers did not, but all I got for fighting a poster war rather than reaching out personally was someone scrawling swastikas on mine—and I felt more under attack. Another example: Despite the problems of out-ofwedlock pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, UT leaders encouraged student promiscuity by placing condom machines in dorms. I went with two Christian doctors before the Faculty Senate to propose their removal. The doctors explained that a culture of condom use led to more tragedy, not less. Many of the illustrious professors responded by making jokes and giggling like middle-schoolers. And yet, while their group behavior was irritating, why did it surprise me? Wasn’t I just like them before Christ opened my eyes? When I forgot that, my tendency was to put them in a box and write them off as hopeless.

A

t UT I was used to being in the minority and making waves. Some of that attitude was apparent in my writing about the ethics charge against WORLD. In one column—headlined “Throw the book at us, please”— I acknowledged that we had reduced public confidence in Zondervan and IBS, but did not apologize for that: “If telling the truth is unethical, we hope to be unethical next month, and the month after, and the month after that.” I thought my closing paragraph was pretty snappy: “The good thing about ethics charges, by the way, is that they provide parents with a powerful disciplinary tool. Since my wonderful wife wrote the Stealth Bible exposé, I can now tell our children, ‘Better obey your mom. She’s been brought up on ethics charges. No telling what she might do.’” Snappy—or snarky? When the Evangelical Press Association board refused to endorse a document criticizing WORLD, we celebrated victory. We fought for a crucial principle: Scripture passes judgment on ideologies, not ideologies on Scripture. We declared that translators need humility in approaching God’s Word—but did I always have humility in criticizing the translators, or the city council members and professors in Texas? No. I was as much in need of a Savior as those on the other side of all those debates. The only difference between me and some of my faculty colleagues is that for some mysterious reason I had received completely unmerited mercy from Christ, and they apparently had not. But as I battled vigorously, was I a good ambassador for Christ? The question is important for us today, as those who stand on Scripture face Darwinians, “open theism” advocates, gay lobbyists, and others. We daily need God’s grace as we try to be truthful but also loving, amid hostility. I messed up in different ways from 1998 to 2000, as my next episode in WORLD, in two months, will show. A

February 11, 2012

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What Teachers of Pastors and Church Leaders Say About This Book “Carl Wilson’s entire life of commitment to Christ, his study, and his desire to serve the Lord have achieved what we believe to be his magnus opus in this volume one of True Enlightenment. This book reveals that when the broad picture of natural science is seen, it more clearly supports a personal Creator than a natural chance beginning and evolutionary development of all things. He demonstrates his ability to take on secular humanism in challenging its assumptions. I hope it will become a standard textbook in colleges, universities, and especially Christian institutions charged with teaching the truth and from a Kingdom world and life view perspective. It is not light reading but each page will reward your efforts and expand your appreciation for the triune God, Creator, Redeemer, and Sustainer. This could be one of the most important books for this time in history when so much biblical truth is being challenged and Christians have a responsibility to give a reason for the hope that they hold dear.”

“In a day when so many well-intending evangelicals are surrendering to the pressures of scientific communities, we all need to learn that modern science is but a human enterprise. Carl Wilson’s book tells the story of that history in a way that exposes some of the frailties and intentional errors of well known scientific movements. Christians who want to be responsible in their response to modern theories about biological evolution will be greatly aided by this massive, documented work. May God use it to strengthen our faith in Christ our Creator and Redeemer.” —Dr. Richard L. Pratt Jr., President of Third Millennium Ministries that is “training Christian leaders worldwide” in five major languages, and has taught over 21 years and is now adjunct Professor of Old Testament at Reformed Theological Seminary, Orlando

—Charles H. Dunahoo, who for 34 years has been coordinator of the Committee of Christian Education and Publications of the Presbyterian Church in America and now also is Chairman of the Board of Trustees of Westminster Theological Seminary “True Enlightenment from Natural Chance to Personal Creator—what an immense amount of work that represents! It really represents the core of our faith—a super job! I will treasure it as a key component of my reference library. Carl Wilson has made a major contribution to Christian literature, and I pray that God will disseminate it around the world.” —Dr. Howard G. Hendricks, chairman of the Center of Christian Leadership of Dallas Theological Seminary who for over 50 years has trained pastors, spoken and written in the U.S. and nationally

KRIEG BARRIE

Order from your local bookstore or www.bravegoodmen.org Paperback ISBN: 978-0-9668181-1-6 Hardcover ISBN: 978-0-9668181-3-0

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Notebook

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LIFESTYLE TECHNOLOGY SCIENCE HOUSES OF GOD SPORTS MONEY RELIGION

Singles’ stories >>

KRIEG BARRIE

LIFESTYLE: Readers offer advice for young Christians on dating and marriage BY SUSAN OLASKY Email: solasky@worldmag.com

3 LIFESTYLE & TECH.indd 59

“C   C ” (WORLD, June , ) examined the confusion among Christian young men and women concerning relationships. It became the most-read article on worldmag.com last year, and many readers sent me letters based on their experiences. Here, for Valentine’s Day, are excerpts from some: FEBRUARY 11, 2012

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Notebook > Lifestyle “My college friends and I didn’t date. … Many had that fear in the back of our heads that if we didn’t find the one during college, we never would. Then we found the perfect solution: We graduated. We and dozens of our friends found great Christian men who, outside of the pressures of the Christian college dating scene, confidently pursued us and asked us out, knowing that it might not work out. In most cases, it did, because we finally had a healthy perspective on dating— which was to follow God’s leading, and not the long lists of expectations we discussed in ‘dorm Bible studies.’… Perhaps the advice for these young Christians is: Don’t think so hard (I know I needed the same advice) and don’t read too many books on Christian dating. Let God take care of the orchestration in His perfect time.”

“Looking at this as a Christian single man,  years of age, the problem is not being picky and waiting for someone better … it is more a fear of not making a mistake that will end up with me being miserable or repeating the mistakes of the past—neglect, abandonment, divorce. Considering the statistics that show divorce so high among Christian marriages in America, we singles use caution in dating seriously. … In my experience, churches don’t know what to do with singles, especially when they hit the  mark. They either ignore them and hope they get married or push them to marriage quickly.”

“As a mother of three single daughters, all beautiful, in their mid ’s, early ’s, and still unmarried, I say it’s time for the single Christian men to get off their duffs and start asking girls out as soon as possible. … Date and date often. How are they ever going to know ‘she’s the one’ without dating experience?”



“Young Christian women have a skewed, fantasized, idealized man that they desire. It is a man with the looks of Brad Pitt, as holy as Jesus, and who comes to her apartment wearing a stunning tuxedo while driving a shining BMW convertible with which to whisk her off to the dance. These girls need to turn off the movies, put down the romance novels, and wake up. They need to come back down to earth and start seeing the world for what it really is—sinful, and in desperate need of a redeemer. Christian men are NOT perfect. They are being redeemed by Christ daily. They struggle with many sins, just like Christian women. Many girls leave no room for these imperfections in their perception of men, and as a result, never open themselves up to any man because none of them is ‘good enough.’ … Girls (not just guys) need to grow up and need to stop living in such fear. The truth of the Gospel is the only thing that can set us free (John :), and it is to Christ that we must cleave: Only then will we grow and learn how to live fully, think clearly, and love whole-heartedly.”

“I have one thing to say to college kids: SLOW THE HECK DOWN! I remember  sounding incredibly ‘old’ when I was , but now I know just how young I am. I know this is rather blunt, but college kids have not had to ‘wait’ for anything and frankly, neither have I at ! People these days are getting married late, and starting families later: This is absolutely fine, and smart! … A lot of college students would be wise to realize that they need not be in any hurry. At this young age, many people don’t realize that they have a lot of growing up to do. I certainly didn’t realize this at , but knowing what I do now, I wouldn’t trade the last six years as a single woman for anything, and I know I still have a lot to learn. God has helped me continually grow into the woman he created me to be, and I believe he’s preparing me for a life of marriage with someone who is also growing in the same ways I am.”

KRIEG BARRIE

“When I was growing up, my father told me to go out a lot. Date lots of people and get to know what I liked and didn’t like in men and ultimately in a future husband. But he prefaced it by saying, have fun! Go out in groups, double dates, and circumstances that allow you to talk in safe environments. I followed his advice some of the time, but I can now say as an adult woman that I agree with him completely. We do not have to pick our mate with the first date, but we also don’t need to go out with just anyone because they are of the opposite sex. We should encourage one another to meet and mingle and not stir up feeling of competition between the sexes or even between our same sex.”

“How tricky it is to put any ‘rules’ on dating. Maybe we should instead be seeking to transform ourselves into Godly men and women, and then go from there. It’s ironic the many parents from the Christian ‘boomer’ generation are very disillusioned with dating and enthusiastic about courtship, while many Christian young adults of the ‘millennial’ generation are very turned off by courtship, seeing it as legalistic and having a ‘sheltered feeling.’ Just from the girls’ side, I think a lot of women are insecure and have difficulty seeing themselves as beautiful and valuable without being attached to a man. While God did design the woman to have her desire after her husband (Genesis :), a girl is just as valued and honored by God when she is not on a man’s arm. Relationships and marriage are best, but that doesn’t mean that single is ‘second-rate.’”

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1/25/12 2:26 PM


“It’s like NPR from a Christian worldview.”

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News review: Top stories of the week, in the United States and around the world

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Special features like “The Olasky Interview,” “Let the Candidates Speak,” and “The History Book” Commentary: Original reflections by Joel Belz, Andrée Seu, and Janie Cheaney, and other biblical worldview thinkers In-depth audio treatments of feature stories from the print magazine Culture: Film and television reviews by Megan Basham, books by Susan Olasky, and music by Arsenio Orteza Political roundup: Analysis of the candidates and the issues — plus key state and local initiatives Thorough coverage of life issues, education, the economy, and the law News of the church and God’s people working in the world

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Check radio listings, listen online, and share favorite segments via Facebook and Twitter at worldandeverything.com. Listen anytime, anywhere with free podcast subscriptions on iTunes.

krieg barrie

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1/25/12 5:07 PM


Notebook > Technology

Texting charity Technology spurs millions in “impulse giving” BY DANIEL JAMES DEVINE

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I J  P R C released a survey of mobile phone users who donated  million for Haiti earthquake relief by simply sending text messages. The results suggest they were driven partly by “impulse giving.” When a . magnitude earthquake stuck Haiti in January , relief organizations jerked into action while television news networks flashed images of impoverished devastation. Through TV, Twitter, and Facebook, word spread rapidly that Americans could donate to the relief effort by texting from their phone. (Texting “Haiti” to , for instance, would have sent  to the American Red Cross, to be added to the user’s phone bill.) The Pew survey found that  percent of those who texted a donation were watching TV—generally while seeing images of destruction—when they learned they could contribute that way. Half of the givers made their donation immediately. Only  percent did additional research before giving. Most of those surveyed said the Haiti earthquake was the first time they had made a mobile donation. In the time since, over half have made text donations to other relief causes, such as for victims of the Japanese earthquake and tsunami in . Three-quarters said they usually made text donations as a spurof-the-moment decision: It’s a giving method convenient for donors, and could be a boon for some charities.

FREE SPEECH FIREWALL Google is carefully expanding its business in China once again, following its protest of the Chinese government’s internet censorship two years ago, when Google shut down its main Chinese web search site. Since then, the internet giant’s relationship with China has been shaky—last year it accused Chinese sources of hacking into the Gmail accounts of U.S. officials. According to The Wall Street Journal, the country’s  million internet users are too lucrative a market for Google to pass up: The company wants to expand its web services that aren’t hampered by censorship, such as shopping websites, and give millions of Chinese smartphone users direct access to its Android phone application website. While straddling the Great Firewall of China, Google is dealing with other troubles in India, along with Facebook, Inc. A judge there is seeking to hold the two companies criminally responsible for not censoring “inflammatory material” that internet users have posted on Facebook and on Google services, such as YouTube. Some of the material was deemed offensive to Hindu and Muslim figures and Indian political leaders. —D.J.D. TEXTING: ANDREW MANLEY/iSTOCK • ILLUSTRATION: KRIEG BARRIE • GOOGLE: IMAGINECHINA/AP

RUN FOR YOUR MONEY Discouraged about fulfilling that health goal you set Jan. ? Two web-based startups want to help, using a couple of time-honored motivators: peer pressure and money. HealthRally.com allows friends to motivate you to keep a goal, like losing weight or quitting smoking. Your friends give whatever amount they wish toward a predetermined reward, like cash, an iPad, or new shoes, but you’ll only receive it if you meet your goal. GymPact (gym-pact.com) requires you to pledge the number of days each week you hope to visit the gym. You have to check in at the gym for  minutes with a GPS-enabled smartphone, and for each day missed, you agree to pay at least . But if you meet your goal you’ll get a small cash prize. —D.J.D.

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Email: ddevine@worldmag.com

1/24/12 3:02 PM


EXERCISE IN ONLY 4 MINUTES PER DAY The ROM is very expensive but at the same time it is the cheapest exercise a person can do. How can that be? More on that later. FIRST DISBELIEF, THEN UNDERSTANDING People cannot believe that our 4 minute cardio exercise is possible. The “experts” ORDER FREE DVD ONLINE have that same (wrong) opinion. After OR CALL 818-787-6460 watching our video, many people order a 30 day no obligation trial rental and 97% of IN BUSINESS FOR OVER 20 YEARS them buy the ROM (stands for range of We have been manufacturing our ROM motion) machine at the end of the 30 day machine since 1990. Although the ROM won trial period. It sells itself. the Popular Science Magazine’s Prize for ADAPTS TO USER’S PHYSICAL ABILITY “The Best of What’s New” in 1991, the The ROM is used by young and old machine still sounds just too good to be (oldest owner is 99 yrs), by weak and true. That has been the main marketing This is what you will accomplish with the ROM in exactly 4 minutes per day: You will get the combined results that you get from all three of the following exercises: • 20 to 45 minutes of aerobic exercise (jogging, running) plus • 45 minutes weight training, plus • 15 to 20 minutes stretching exercises.

texting: Andrew MAnley/istock • illustrAtion: krieg bArrie • google: iMAginechinA/Ap

The purchase of a ROM machine goes through several stages: 1. Total disbelief that the ROM can do all this in only 4 minutes a day. 2. Rhetorical (and sometimes hostile) questioning and ridicule. 3. Reading the ROM literature and reluctantly understanding it. 4. Taking a leap of faith and renting a ROM for a 30 day trial test in the home. 5. Being highly impressed by the health results and purchasing the ROM. 6. Becoming a ROM enthusiast and trying to persuade friends to buy one. 7. Being ignored and ridiculed by the friends who think you have lost your mind. 8. After a year of using the ROM your friends admiring your good shape. 9. You telling them (again) that you only exercise those 4 minutes per day. 10. Those friends reluctantly renting the ROM for a 30 day test trial in their home. Then the above cycle repeats from point 5 on down.

strong, by Special Forces (military), by physical therapists, chiropractors, medical doctors, trained athletes. And 90% of our machines go to private homes (including 320 homes of MDs), and 7% to businesses for employee wellness. People with high cholesterol and people with diabetes use the ROM to get into perfect cholesterol ranges and diabetes control.

3 LIFESTYLE & TECH.indd 63

problem. People just cannot believe it. The incomparable ROM is for those who first ridicule this fantastic machine and later love and praise it. WHAT’S DIFFERENT ABOUT THE ROM You’ll learn why 92% of people who own exercise equipment do not use it. You will also learn why the ROM, despite its very

high $14,615 price, is the least expensive method to do exercise and why you burn more calories as a result of the 4 minute ROM exercise than from 60 minutes walking on a treadmill. Short duration interval training, the exercise the ROM gives, has been discovered to be the most effective for burning fat.

UNIVERSITY TESTED The ROM has been tested for over 8 weeks at USC’s Department of Exercise Sciences. Conclusion: it gives the same or better cardiovascular benefit as does 20 to 45 minutes aerobic exercise. Another 8 week test was published in the Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine. The results speak for themselves. SHIPPING AND INSTALLATION The machine is manufactured in Southern California with great attention to detail and quality. The machine is shipped in a custom wooden crate and comes fully assembled. A local delivery company will install the machine in the location of your choice. When they leave it is immediately ready for use. GIVE IT A REAL WORKOUT Rent it for 30 days to experience the results in your own home or office. The rental deposit applies to the purchase price. Based on the improvement experienced during those 30 days, 97% of the rented machines are purchased at the end of the 30 day no obligation trial period. The ROM proves itself.

Order free DVD from: www.RestartFitness.com or call 818-787-6460

Factory showroom 8137 Lankershim Blvd. North Hollywood, CA 91605

1/23/12 12:04 PM


Notebook > Science

surveys uncover questionable practices in scientific  research  By danieL james devine

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A 2009 meta-analysis of multiple surveys determined about 2 percent of scientists have engaged—by their own admission—in fabricating, falsifying, or modifying data at least once. Up to a third have admitted to practices some would call questionable, such as “dropping data points based on a gut feeling.” It’s rare for an investigation to lead to disciplinary action and the retraction of research papers, but it does happen: In January, the University of Connecticut unveiled a 60,000-page investigative report charging one of its top cardiovascular scientists, Dipak K. Das, with 145 instances of fraud, including

cutting and pasting photographs of his research tests. Much of Das’ work touted the health benefits of red wine, and although his papers are widely cited, 26 of them may need to be retracted. Das, who is East Indian, claims the allegedly doctored tests were conducted by students or subordinates, and says ethnic prejudice has fueled the university’s charges against him.

Several doctors in India reported late last year that a dozen patients had contracted a strain of tuberculosis bacteria resistant to all medicine. In January the Indian government denied the claim— saying the cases hadn’t been clinically proved to be incurable—but if true, it would make India the third country to spawn so-called “totally drug-resistant tuberculosis,” after Italy and Iran reported cases a few years ago. According to the World Health Organization, tuberculosis infections were responsible for 1.4 million deaths in 2010. Some researchers say resistant bacteria have emerged in part because the pharmaceutical industry has been passive about developing new tuberculosis drugs for the past half century, due to lack of financial incentive. But doctors might be able to repurpose some old drugs for the new tuberculosis fight: Leonard Amaral, a bacteria expert at the Universidade Nova de Lisboa in Lisbon, Portugal, told me by email that thioridazine, an antipsychotic drug, would be effective against the Indian strains. —D.J.D.

das: university oF ConneCtiCut/ap • sheikh: raFiq Maqbool

A survey of British doctors and researchers shows that the pursuit of science is sometimes rather unscientific. The British Medical Journal reported that 13 percent of UK scientists say they’ve seen colleagues “inappropriately adjusting, excluding, altering or fabricating data,” indicating widespread research fraud in the country. “The BMJ has been told of junior academics being advised to keep concerns to themselves to protect their careers, being bullied into not publishing their findings, or having their contracts terminated when they spoke out,” said BMJ Editor in Chief Fiona Godlee when the findings were announced. some criticized the BMJ’s survey methodology as flawed, but the results are in line with other reports: A survey of U.s. researchers a few years ago found that 9 percent had seen colleagues engage in scientific misconduct, such as misrepresenting research findings or submitting false information in order to win a grant. Those results suggest 2,300 acts of misconduct occur annually in the United states. Reliable information on the problem is hard to obtain, in part because the definition of misconduct varies from place to place (for instance, not everyone considers it “fraud” for a researcher to conceal a conflict of interest). And when misconduct occurs, those who are aware may look the other way.

Untreatable tb?

SUFFERING: Mohammed Shamim Sheikh, who suffers from multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, is seen through an X-ray of his chest, at his home near Mumbai, India.

WORLdmag.com: your online source for today’s news, Christian views

1/24/12 3:04 PM

Josh reynolds/ap

Laboratory lies


Notebook > Houses of God

Josh reynolds/ap

das: University of ConneCtiCUt/ap • sheikh: rafiq Maqbool

Built in 1806, the African Meeting House on Beacon Hill in Boston became a place of worship for First African Baptist Church and a hub of Abolitionist activity prior to the Civil War. The Meeting House in 1832 hosted the founding of the New England Anti-Slavery Society by William Lloyd Garrison and in 1863 the recruitment of the 54th Massachusetts Regiment. The Meeting House has undergone a $9 million restoration, with the original floor boards now underneath replicas, and is open to the public.

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1/23/12 1:19 PM


Notebook > Sports

Citizen first

Boston goalie TIM THOMAS makes an admirable stand not to visit the White House

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This is in direct opposition to the Constitution and the Founding Fathers vision for the Federal government. Because I believe this, today I exercised my right as a Free Citizen, and did not visit the White House.” Press slapshots came immediately. A Boston Globe writer called him “Shabby. Immature. Unprofessional. Self-centered. Bush league.” MSNBC’s Keith Olbermann tweeted that Thomas is a “fool.” A Los Angeles Times writer declared, “Tim Thomas is a coward.” A Boston Herald columnist called him embarrassing, classless, and a spoiled brat. Who is Tim Thomas? An ESPN writer noted that while most players shift around during the pre-game playing of “The Star-Spangled Banner,” Thomas “never moves. He stands as still as the Statue of Liberty, with his focus directly on the American flag that hangs from the rafters in every NHL arena. There’s no denying Thomas’ patriotism. He represented Team USA as an Olympian and has called it

SUPER RISK

one of his most memorable moments of his career.” But the writer then reversed course, criticizing Thomas for selfishness and arguing that his decision “could come back to kick him between his goalie pads.” At WORLD, we applaud Thomas. At age ,

he’s no longer a child thrilled by baubles. He evidently sees himself as citizen first, athlete second. He did not claim any special wisdom by virtue of his ability to stop pucks, but he’ll be able to tell his three children and grandchildren that he did not salute madness.

After the Super Bowl “wardrobe malfunction” with Justin Timberlake and Janet Jackson eight years ago, the NFL started inviting AARPeligible performers such as Paul McCartney and The Rolling Stones. The league cranked up the risk meter slightly last year with Usher and The Black-Eyed Peas and pushed deeper into the unpredictable with this year’s pick of Madonna. Of course, the NFL had little choice in the matter. Counterprogramming from other networks trying to steal away viewers during halftime of the big game includes football played by lingerieclad women and Animal Planet’s alluring football played by puppies. —Mark Bergin

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THOMAS: WINSLOW TOWNSON/AP • MADONNA: EVAN AGOSTINI/HOPE FOR HAITI NOW/AP

N H League goaltenders have guts. They stand, defended only by a mask, pads, and a stick, as a hard rubber puck comes at them at speeds approaching  mph. On Jan.  Boston Bruins goalie Tim Thomas took a gutsy position and faced ferocious slapshots of a different kind. The story began because Thomas, , led the Bruins to the Stanley Cup last year. He received the Conn Smythe Trophy—only the second American-born player to win the award—as most valuable player in the playoffs. The Obama administration invited Thomas and the whole team to come to the White House for photos and handshakes with the president on Jan. . Thomas, one of only two Americans on the Bruins, said no. He posted on Facebook a statement that read, in part, “the Federal government has grown out of control, threatening the Rights, Liberties, and Property of the People. …

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1/26/12 3:11 PM

SAN FRANCISCO: ERIC RISBERG/AP • COLORADO: JOHN MOORE/GETTY IMAGES • SHOPPERS: JUSTIN SULLIVAN/GETTY IMAGES

BY MARVIN OLASKY


Notebook > Money

Wage worries

Several states are raising their minimum wage despite the threat of higher unemployment BY WARREN COLE SMITH

THOMAS: WINSLOW TOWNSON/AP • MADONNA: EVAN AGOSTINI/HOPE FOR HAITI NOW/AP

SAN FRANCISCO: ERIC RISBERG/AP • COLORADO: JOHN MOORE/GETTY IMAGES • SHOPPERS: JUSTIN SULLIVAN/GETTY IMAGES

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W  the first state in U.S. history to require a minimum wage of more than  an hour when it—and seven other states—raised the minimum wage on Jan.  to account for cost-of-living adjustments. Liberals (and their media megaphones) tout the minimum wage as a boon to the poor. The Reuters news service announced, “More than a million low-wage U.S. workers will see their hourly pay go up after the adjustment.” But there’s more to this story. Minimum wage laws tend to lock out younger, entry-level workers. Though minimum wage laws are set with good intentions, to help the poor, their unintended consequence is to “harm the poorest of the poor,” according to Jay Richards of the Discovery Institute. “Untrained, inexperienced, and handicapped workers need to grab the bottom rung of the economic ladder. If you raise that rung too high, they can’t reach it.” People willing to work for less than the minimum wage for experience and new skills development never get that opportunity. David Neumark, director of the Center for Economics and Public Policy at the University of California, Irvine, said no “sensible economist” would argue for a doubling of the minimum wage. The question is: What do incremental increases do to employment? Neumark said a consensus view is emerging that a  percent increase in the minimum wage reduces employment among lowest-skilled groups by  percent to  percent. Look no farther for evidence of the negative effects of a high minimum wage than Washington and the other states raising the minimum wage: Arizona, Colorado, Florida, Montana, Ohio, Oregon, and Vermont. All eight states have minimum wages above the federal minimum wage of .. Seven of these eight states already have unemployment rates above the national median. ENTRY WAGES: Workers in San Francisco (above) and Wellington, Colo. (left).

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Rough recovery Despite trouble in Europe, the U.S. economy continues to get better, but the recovery will likely not be steady. U.S. retail sales rose only . percent in December, the weakest pace in seven months. Economists polled by Reuters had forecast significantly higher . percent growth. And even this anemic growth owes much to heavy discounting by retailers in the weeks before Christmas. That’s not to say there aren’t a few positive signs. U.S. employment growth accelerated in December and the jobless rate dropped to a near three-year low of . percent. The economy MODEST GROWTH: Shoppers on Market added . million jobs last Street, San Francisco. year, the most since . And the U.S. stock market had a quiet rally in December, partly because U.S. companies are afraid to hire or make investments in the current regulatory environment, so they have huge sums of cash on their balance sheets. Also, with concerns about Europe, the U.S. stock market has become a safe harbor for offshore investors. But Congress is about to enter the financial fray again. The payroll tax cut that Congress extended back in December was just a two-month extension, so the public debate over yet another extension, which Republicans will want to tie to more budget cuts, will heat up in the weeks ahead. So once again what happens in the economy will depend on what happens in Washington, and that’s a scenario that the markets generally don’t like. —W.C.S.

FEBRUARY 11, 2012

WORLD

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1/26/12 3:14 PM


Notebook > Religion

Free to choose

Hosanna-Tabor ruling gives strong protection to  churches on employment  By tim dalrymple

>>

2012 began with a bang for defenders of religious liberties. The Supreme Court issued on Jan. 11 a surprisingly robust (and surprisingly unanimous) defense of the right of churches to hire and fire minis­ ters without government interference (see “Rights rulings,” Jan. 28). Even in cases where an employee’s responsi­ bilities are only marginally ministerial, the court affirmed a “ministerial exemption” from federal, state, and local employment anti­discrimination laws. The First Amendment implies, the court held, that religious communities should be free to choose who will represent their beliefs and carry forth their mission. When Cheryl Perich, an instructor at the Hosanna­Tabor Evangelical Lutheran Church and School in Redford, Mich., sought to return from a lengthy absence after she was diagnosed with narcolepsy, the school had hired another teacher for the year and expressed doubt whether she, given her

condition, could fulfill her teaching duties. When Perich threatened to sue the school for violating the Americans with Disabilities Act, she was fired for defying a tenet of the church that members should seek to resolve their disagreements internally. Some have questioned the church’s decision on moral grounds. Legally, however, the implications were far­ reaching. Could the government use anti­discrimination laws to force the Roman Catholic Church to hire women priests, or Southern Baptist Churches to hire openly gay pastors? While the Supreme Court historically has given churches wide latitude to govern their own internal affairs, it had never estab­ lished a ministerial exemption to anti­ discrimination laws. Under the new ruling, a staff mem­ ber can still sue a church for discrimi­ nation, but if the church can plausibly claim that the employee advances its religious mission even to a small extent, then the courts should not second­

SAME-SEX RIGHTS PREVAIL: The Ocean  Grove pavilion was ordered to allow samesex civil unions at the facility.

guess the church’s determination. This affirms, says Richard Garnett, professor of law at the University of Notre Dame, that “governments are not permitted to resolve essentially religious disputes and questions.” Ironically, on the very next day, a New Jersey judge ruled that a tax­ exempt retreat pavilion in Ocean Grove affiliated with the United Methodist Church that refused to host a same­sex civil union ceremony had violated the state’s Law Against Discrimination. While the judge acknowledged in his ruling that it is “fundamentally a religious organiza­ tion” which “opposes same­sex unions as a matter of religious belief,” the First Amendment, he wrote, should tolerate “some intrusion into religious freedom to balance other important societal goa ls.”

Boardwalk Pavilion: dith Pran/new York times/redux • truro ChurCh: handout

Community property? The property battle between denominational bodies and the local churches that disaffiliate from them is heating up—and the list of congregations that suddenly find themselves homeless has grown longer. Less than two months after the Georgia Supreme Court ruled in favor of the denominational bodies in two church property cases in that state, a county circuit court in Virginia ruled that seven more congregations must leave their properties to the Episcopal Church (see “Court order,” Jan. 28). Two, Truro Church in Fairfax and The Falls Church in Falls Church, are among the most storied Episcopal churches in the country. The seven Virginia congregations had disaffiliated from the Episcopal Church because they were concerned it was no longer committed to biblical and Anglican orthodoxy—as evidenced by its divergence from the global Anglican Communion on the matter of gay ordination. They affiliated instead with the Anglican Church of North America. “The core issue,” according to Rev. John Yates, rector of The Falls Church, is not physical property but “theological and moral truth and the intellectual integrity of faith in the modern world.” —T.D.

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Mailbag

“Departures”

(Dec. ) WORLD’s year-end obituaries are so much more interesting than others I have read. You have a longer list of people and they are from all areas of life. As well as people from the arts, you include those who have enriched our lives in a variety of ways, from the inventor of the weedwhacker to the real inventor of the internet, and of course, heroes of the Christian faith. You provide tribute, not gossip. Thanks.  , Goshen, Ind. As a pastor, I doubt that anyone whose funeral I lead will merit a mention in WORLD, yet the Psalmist tells us, “Precious in the sight of the Lord is the death of His saints.” I rejoice that God has poured out His grace to common people in extraordinary ways through His Son. Also, you did not mention the death of Wilson Greatbatch, who prolonged the lives of millions with his invention of the implantable pacemaker and the long-life lithium iodine battery to power it.

in Psalm  asked the Lord to “protect us from such people forever. The wicked freely strut about when what is vile is honored among men.”  .  Chelsea, Mich.

Belz is running into the breakdown of trust in our society. The th century saw the rise of institutions in American life, and now we are seeing them

crumble. But the scary part is that without trust there can be no society, no civilization. I am not running for the hills with a truckload of guns and MREs, although I am taking some steps to weather a certain amount of storm. And we who are in Christ still have Someone we can trust. .  

Indianapolis, Ind.

Thank you so much for the column about the horribly depressing, if I may say, Walmart survey experience. As the mother of an adopted -month-old girl, I am particularly horrified at the comment advocating more money for Planned Parenthood.   Norman, Okla.

I agree with Belz. Everything seems to be a knee-jerk reaction to whatever we see on the TV or the internet, or hear on the radio. If we would think about deep things, maybe more would realize who they are and who God is.    Beavercreek, Ohio

 

Weaverville, N.C.

I can’t believe that you left Dan Wheldon off the list. His dramatic and untimely death in October stunned the racing world. The changes that may come to IndyCar racing could rival the changes in NASCAR after the death of Dale Earnhardt.

LUZON STRAIT, SOUTH CHINA SEA / submitted by Ben Reeder around the world

 

Lexington, S.C.

I would add to your list Joe Simon, who cocreated Captain America with Jack Kirby in . He died Dec.  at the age of .  . 

Michigan City, Ind.

“From trivial to vulgar” (Dec. ) Joel Belz lamented the responses he got from his survey of people leaving Walmart. Three thousand years ago David Send photos and letters to: mailbag@worldmag.com

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FEBRUARY 11, 2012

WORLD

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Every conservative in America should own this book. Tommy ThompsoN

Mailbag “The God without pride” (Dec. ) The column on pride is brilliant. The picture of the lowly birth and the image of the river washing away pride are wonderful.   Jacksonville, Fla.

This book will delight the eye and inspire the mind. Cal Thomas Bringing humor to the liberal derangement syndrome. Ted NugeNT Craig’s book is great stuff. Same value system that I have. mike diTka Craig Wieland is the poet laureate of the Tea Party Generation. Chris ChoCola I wish I had this book when my children were younger. lou holTz Craig explains economics in a way that anybody can understand it. grover NorquisT Craig teaches conservative values in a way that is both fun and serious. ralph reed

When I was younger I did the kind or thoughtful thing simply so other people would feel some happiness. As I have gotten older (I’m  now), I still like to do nice things for people, but I have noticed that I do them so people will know that I was the one who did it. This column helped me see this more than ever.    Wichita Falls, Texas

“Legacies lost” (Dec. ) You reported that former Penn State football coach Joe Paterno “failed to take action on allegations of pedophilia against a member of his coaching staff.” Paterno did take action; he reported the allegation to his boss, the athletic director. Second, Sandusky was retired when that allegation was made.  

Fayetteville, Pa.

“Daniel of the year” (Dec. ) Hurrah for your Daniel of the Year, Alan Chambers. I became acquainted with him at my first Exodus conference. I thank God for bringing me through my own foolish behaviors and for bringing into my life a wonderful woman who loves me in spite of my past. I fully understand the depth of his persecution and greatly applaud his firm stance for the gospel and the grace of Jesus Christ.   Thaxton, Va.

Pointed

POEMS

Tools for Teaching Conservative Thinking By CRAIG WIELAND

I have struggled with homosexuality all my life. We need daily to put on the armor of God and be prepared to fight this sin with the shield of faith. We can then give praise to God. What an encouragement this article is to me.   Dallas, Texas

I just read WORLD’s tribute to Alan Chambers. I heartily concur. He is more

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than deserving of that honor and one of the most amazing people I know.  

Monroe, Va.

“Food fight” (Dec. ) Mindy Belz’s observation that “viewed from the Korean Peninsula, the causes of famine and gross impoverishment couldn’t be clearer” reminds me of another comparison that couldn’t be clearer. As the Heritage Foundation’s Index of Economic Freedom shows, economic and political freedoms provide the best guarantees against famine and poverty. Instead of recognizing the existence of natural rights as a precondition for any form of government, people such as the rulers of North Korea relish their power, dominating the economic, social, and political lives of all within their borders.   Eugene, Ore.

“Conscience question” (Dec. ) You report that President “Obama is considering expanding the religious exemption” and “giving more latitude for religious organizations” and that he “may decide at any moment.” I would like to know when Obama stopped being president and became king. It is outrageous that people must seek one man’s approval on such issues. We were founded as a nation of laws, and not men.   Marion, Ohio

“Heard again” (Dec. ) Thanks for the piece on Mark Heard’s music. It’s a crime that Heard didn’t find a bigger audience for his music. He plumbed the depths of his frustrations with the church and himself like no one else. The generation being born at his death would be wise to listen.   Lincoln, Ill.

“Fighting the good fight” (Dec. ) Thank you for this column. What a good challenge and, as it often seems with God, it comes at just the right time for me.   Longview, Texas

1/23/12 1:33 PM


Quit kidding yourself! If you’re watching TV, you’re hearing profanity.

“Eyes to see, ears to hear” (Nov. 19) Now that I have figured out how to subscribe using Android’s Listen program, I have made it a daily habit to catch WORLD’s twominute audio news update, and every weekend I listen to the full edition of “The World and Everything in It.” I enjoyed the special Christmas Eve edition with stories about the carols.

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Tim Anger Emmaus, Pa.

“Private space” (Nov. 19) As an avid follower of all things space-related, I am delighted that WORLD is reporting on some of the recent commercial space efforts. However, your article presented an unfairly bleak assessment. After SpaceX’s initial failures the company has had a string of four successful flights of ever-increasing complexity. As for cost, the commercial approach is decidedly cheaper. Congress, one must conclude, is mainly concerned with retaining aerospace jobs, which explains why senators and representatives from Florida, Texas, and Alabama (home of the three major NASA centers) are the biggest supporters of the status quo at NASA.

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Corrections The Japan earthquake moved the island of Honshu about eight feet (“News of the year,” Dec. 31, p. 31). The quote from an atheist, “You don’t need religion to express love, you complete idiot,” originally appeared on the website Answerbag.com (“Ill will toward men,” Jan. 14, p. 18). Full Color Interactive Sampler

LETTERS AND PHOTOS Email: mailbag@worldmag.com Write: worLd Mailbag, P.o. Box 20002, Asheville, nc 28802-9998 Please include full name and address. Letters may be edited to yield brevity and clarity.

3 MAILBAG.indd 73

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Andrée Seu

The cross in the stone Signs and wonders declare God’s work in our everyday lives

>>

T   N   the story of the cross in the stone, I smiled and thought her quaint. Angry at her family and desperate to change herself, my friend cried in the gray drizzle on a beach in Nova Scotia and looked heavenward: “Please just show Yourself to me.” Seating herself on a large rock, she dug with her hands and found a stone. “There was a perfect cross on both sides. I held it. It held me. We went together to find my husband. I asked his forgiveness for my stony heart. … His response: ‘Let’s all go out for a nice hot lobster dinner.’” I have really had only one question in the last  years: How involved does God mean to be in our lives before Christ’s return? What is His way with us? Letter from a Texas inmate: “Dear Andrée. … The other night I … was getting ready for bed. My cellie was in his bed with his headphones on and couldn’t hear a thing I said, or just barely, because when I said good night he removed one side of his headset and asked what I said. I repeated the good night and climbed into my bunk. I went into prayer and asked the Lord if he could, if he would, let me know sometime that he loves me, like he does Kenneth Copeland and Jessie Duplantis. I had no sooner made the request and my roommate said these words, ‘You don’t know what it’s like, you don’t know what it’s like, to love somebody, to love somebody, the way I love you.’” “I thanked the Lord for his mercy and grace as the tears streamed from my eyes, telling him how much I love him too. After I recovered my composure I looked down at my cellie and motioned for him to remove his headphones. He did as I requested and I asked him if he knew what he had just said. He didn’t remember, I suppose because he was simply singing along with the tunes on his radio. So I repeated the words he said, and then told

Email: aseu@worldmag.com

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him what I had asked from the Lord, and how the Lord had used him to answer my petition.” Was God in Nan’s stone? Was He in Nathan’s radio coincidence? Some Christians will say flat-out no. Others will say yes, but will mean it like a psychologist means it—that there was an “event” in Nan’s mind and in Nathan’s mind, a subjective reality that we may poetically call God. I am not interested in gobbledygook. Either let me be a clean Deist and say that God wed us to Himself and then ditched us in the parking lot of the church to fend for ourselves; or let me declare that it is really the Lord who sends the cardinals I love when I need cheering up. I want to mean by the question about Nan and the stone what a child means before we fill his head with college essays. Is our life full of ongoing encounters with God? Are signs and wonders happening around us a regular part of Christian experience? The Apostle Paul asks the Galatian church: “Does He who supplies the Spirit to you and works miracles among you do so by works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?” (:). The apostle is talking to an ordinary and settled church when he says that (albeit a congregation with problems). He thinks it an ordinary thing in the church of God that there should be miracles. Even Christians who say signs and wonders have ceased deny their own position whenever they ask for the healing of Uncle Bob’s cancer. Our God is “the living God.” He placed stones to be found by women weeping on beaches in Nova Scotia, and Bee Gees songs for the prisoner hungry for reassurance of His love. It is important that we thank Him when He does because a spiritual principle is involved: To the one who has, more will be given; to the one who does not have, even what he thinks he has will be taken away. Nan ends her account like this: “The stone now holds a prominent place on our bedroom bureau. It is a reminder of the One broken for me.” A FEBRUARY 11, 2012

WORLD

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Marvin Olasky

Be specific

Abstractions and generalizations are hindrances in life and in writing

>>



WORLD FEBRUARY 11, 2012

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teachers don’t persevere, and if they don’t demand rewrites, students won’t do them. So, most highschool graduates arrive in college as poor writers. The only way they will improve is to have professors demand frequent writing and rewriting, but profs hinder their career prospects spending their time helping students’ writing rather than publishing journal articles (see WORLD, Jan. ). Besides, many fall prey to the Presidents Day trap of abstraction and generalization. This is nothing new: Studies  years ago showed that English professors and teachers preferred “student papers written in a turgid, intellectually inflated style over those written simply and lucidly, even when both contained the same ideas.” I’m quoting here a thoughtful teacher, James Sloan Allen, who wrote in February, , that professors “routinely take as their models of writing and intellect the publications in their professional journals,” which contain articles filled with “ponderous analysis and pretentious jargon.” Allen gave examples—for example, writers produce “performative linguistic acts” for the purpose of achieving “critical enablement”—and rightly asked, “How can students be expected to think and write intelligibly when their teachers, often unsure of themselves and awed by abstract language, lack the ability or will to teach them how?” I don’t have a silver bullet that will transform these interlinked trangressions, but my World News Group colleagues do have one humble starting point. They have produced Write with WORLD, a new writing curriculum for homeschools and schools that requires students “to think and make choices, not just follow a formula. We don’t want to tell students always to combine sentences [or] start a new paragraph after five sentences.” The curriculum also pushes for specific detail by having students compare paragraphs of different kinds and see for themselves which work better. (The parent/ teacher guide notes that students might make comments like “‘the second paragraph is easier to follow.’ ... Do not let your student settle for these general answers … ask the ‘Why’ question: ‘Why is the second one easier to follow?’”) The underlying message is that writing is hard work but it should also bring pleasure: “Let students compose sentences that are funny.” Amen. A

MATT ROSE FOR WORLD

I F   Presidents Day, a movement from specific detail (Lincoln’s birthday, Washington’s birthday) to the generic. Washington, of course, is supposed to have chopped down a cherry tree and then confessed to his dad: “I cannot tell a lie.” But Presidents Day itself is lying to children: Some presidents were horrid, and we should not pretend that all are worth celebrating. Meaningful holidays are specific. Easter is about Christ risen, and those who prattle about Easter symbolizing “the way we can all ascend past our own fears” are stripping the day of its power. My wife’s elementary school celebrated Arbor Day by having children plant trees. Now, Earth Day pundits scare children by talking about something abstract and beyond their control: global warming. Broad worry rather than tangible action is unproductive. For example, “compassion” lost its groove when it became a vague feeling of sympathy instead of hands-on help for those in need. Charles Dickens created a London character, Mrs. Jellyby, who ignored her own family to concentrate on international philanthropic schemes. Dickens memorably depicted Mrs. Jellyby’s specific mannerisms so readers could visualize her whirled pleas. That leads me to writing. We don’t see enough good writing partly because children hear bedtime stories less frequently when a household contains one exhausted parent rather than two who share bedtime tasks and pleasures. In school, children are less likely to read good books. Their K- curricula often offer formulaic and legalistic writing advice: Produce a five-paragraph essay. Have four supporting points in each paragraph. Use adverbs as “dress-ups.” Students also don’t learn that authors whose style seems to flow most naturally almost always achieve such an effect through unnatural exertion. Eighty percent of good writing is rewriting, but rewriting in a middle-school or high-school setting means that a teacher must read a first draft and make comments, then read a second draft and make more comments, and on it goes. It takes dedicated teachers to work so hard, especially since grading papers is the most miserable part of a teacher’s job. Many

Email: molasky@worldmag.com

1/23/12 1:51 PM


matt rose for world

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WORLD Magazine February 11, 2012 Vol. 27 No. 3  

Today's news, Christian views

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